List of Archived Posts

2015 Newsgroup Postings (05/25 - 06/26)

The WSJ and Barron's Apologists for the Banksters Peddle Wallison's Fables
Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Remember 3277?
New Line vs. Line Feed
U.S. Files Breakup Plan
New Line vs. Line Feed
Why do we keep losing?
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Why do we keep losing?
June 1985 email
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Coase's Blockchain - the first half block - Vinay Gupta explains triple entry
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95 ^A^K boy scouts
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Western Union envisioned internet functionality
IBM Vector Support
Will Clarence Thomas Recuse Himself Fom Obamacare Case?
43rd President
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
old amiga HVAC
Dilbert 14June2015
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right
In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"
Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right
Possible Pentagon destruction of evidence in NSA leak case probed
Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
Why major financial institutions are growing their use of mainframes
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
Western Union envisioned internet functionality
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

The WSJ and Barron's Apologists for the Banksters Peddle Wallison's Fables

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The WSJ and Barron's Apologists for the Banksters Peddle Wallison's Fables
Date: 25 May 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/3W1TvCAuX4R

The WSJ and Barron's Apologists for the Banksters Peddle Wallison's Fables
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/05/the-wsj-and-barrons-apologists-for-the-banksters-peddle-wallisons-fables.html

as an aside, the author of above was regulator during S&L crisis that Keating sent out a memo to "kill black". Black does slightly muddle the "liar loan" theme .... w/o the triple-A ratings, they still had limited market ... and we were asked to further counter "liar loans" by improving the integrity of the supporting documents. It wasn't until they found they could pay for triple-A rating (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) ... that there was significant change. Triple-A trumps documents and they could start doing no-documentation "liar loans". Triple-A ratings also opens the market to the large operations restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments ... and possibly the single largest factor in there being over $27T done between 2001 & 2008.

Note that if buying triple-A ratings wasn't enough, they also start doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A rating and sell to their customers. Then they would take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans).

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

recent thread on related theme:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#75 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#80 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union envisioned internet functionality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 26 May 2015 08:13:00 -0700
rpw3@rpw3.org (Rob Warnock) writes:
Unfortunately, rate-based flow control handles steady traffic better than bursty traffic, since adjusting the fair-scheduling quotas can take several round-trip times. So while rate-based flow control might be useful for the core of the Internet, it never gained traction over slow-start window-based flow control with end-to-end retransmission. (*sigh*)

we did rate-based for HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
... and I wrote it up for XTP ... reference to XTP writeup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

I've periodically conjectured that slow-start windows were used because many of the platforms at the time had extremely primitive timer capability.

the same summer that slow-start was presented at IETF meeting ... ACM SIGCOMM had paper showing how slow-start was non-stable in multi-hop network as well as bursty traffic ... also returning ACKs could easily bunch up and multiple ACKs arrive simultaneously ... opening window for multiple back-to-back packet transmission ... overruning intermediate nodes (part of rate-based flow control would be interval between transmitting packets).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 26 May 2015 08:38:16 -0700
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
With SNA you compensated for noisy lines by using a larger window and smaller packets, but that wan't until the 1970's. I'm not sure what ther X.25 crowd did.

mid-80s, communication group did report for executive committee why customers didn't want/need T1 support until well into the 90s (possibly because 37x5 boxes only supported up to 56kbits/sec). Big part of the analysis was customer use of "fat pipes" ... support for treating multiple parallel links as single logical link. They shows that the number of customers with multiple parallel 56kbit fat pipes dropped to zero by 5 or 6 links. What they didn't show (or didn't know) was typical telco tariff for T1 was about the same as five 56kbit links.

We did trivial survey finding 200 customers with T1 links ... what happened was by the time customer needed 250kbits or more ... they went to full T1 and a non-IBM interface box.

Not being able to continue obfuscating customer use of T1 ... they finally came out with 3737. The next problem was mainframe SNA/VTAM couldn't keep a (terrestrial) T1 link full (max window and max RU). The 3737 emulated local channel-to-channel adapter to the mainframe SNA/VTAM and had numerous 68k processors and whole boatload of memory. It would immediately ACK RUs to the local SNA/VTAM host and then use more robust networking to the remote 3737. Even at that, 3737 processing overhead still peaked at around 2mbit/sec throughput (full-duplex T1 would be 3mbit/sec aggregate, i.e. 1.5mbit/sec in each direction, EU T1 is 4mbit/sec aggreate, i.e. 2mbit/sec in each direction).

Old 3737 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#881005

in these posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?

In HSDT, I had T1 and faster speed links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

corporate required link encryptors on all corporate links ... and I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors ... and it was nearly impossible finding faster link encryptors. I then got involved in link adapter that could support multi-megabyte speeds (byte not bit) and could be built for less than $100. At first the corporate crypto group said that it significantly weakened DES encryption. It took me 3months to explain what was going on (significantly strengthened encryption). It was hollow victory because then I was told we could build as many as we wanted ... but there was only one institution in the world that could use them ... they all had to be sent to address in Maryland. It was when I realized there was three kinds of crypto in the world, 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, 3) the kind you can only do for them.

previously ref in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#43 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#55 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union envisioned internet functionality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 26 May 2015 16:44:47 -0700
floyd@apaflo.com (Floyd L. Davidson) writes:
Actually, it's much closer to continuous "resending"! FEC typically requires anything from 1/4 to 1/2 of the bandwidth be used for sufficient redundancy to assure less than some given maximum bit error rate.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#55 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

as mentioned ... working with reed-solomon and cyclomics (had done much of the CDROM reed-solomon standard). they came up with strategy that involved 15/16s reed-solomon FEC ... got about 6orders BER improvement from BER 10**-9 to BER 10**-15. Uncorrectable block in error, selective resend the 1/2 rate Viterbi FEC (rather than the original block) ... with 15/16s reed-solomon FEC. Even if both the original block and the 1/2 rate Viterbi FEC block had uncorrectable (reed-solomon FEC) errors ... there was still high probability that the block could be corrected with combination of two. If link deteriorated with too many blocks in error ... just switch to transmitting 1/2 Viterbi FEC with original block (within 15/16s reed-solomon).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union envisioned internet functionality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 26 May 2015 21:12:16 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
As I've recently pointed out this has expanded to included taxes. US manufacturer use to sell and ship directly to local US distributers. They shift to selling to offshore (subsidiary) reseller (in tax haven where they've cooked deal for next to zero taxes) ... which then "sells" to the local distributers (it still ships directly to the diswtributers). The books are done so that the manufacturing unit sells to the offshore reseller at near cost ... and all the profit (selling to distributers) is booked in the tax haven.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#19 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

latest from today:

Under pressure, Amazon ends Luxembourg profit funneling
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/05/under-pressure-amazon-ends-luxembourg-profit-funneling

from the Luxembourg series:

Luxembourg Leaks: Global Companies' Secrets Exposed
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks

some earlier articles in the series:

New Leak Reveals Luxembourg Tax Deals for Disney, Koch Brothers Empire
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks/new-leak-reveals-luxembourg-tax-deals-disney-koch-brothers-empire
Explore the Documents: Luxembourg Leaks Database
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks/explore-documents-luxembourg-leaks-database
Leaked Documents Expose Global Companies' Secret Tax Deals in Luxembourg
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks/leaked-documents-expose-global-companies-secret-tax-deals-luxembourg

tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax haven, etc. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

recent posts mentioning luxembourg:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#95 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#95 How The Island Of Seychelles Became A Haven For Dirty Money
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#86 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#93 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#6 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#9 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#8 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#46 Remember 3277?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Remember 3277?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Remember 3277?
Date: 27 May 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#33 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#39 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#40 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#42 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#46 Remember 3277?

old email from 30yrs ago references proposal to do something for a certain 3-letter gov. agency (SHARE installation code "CAD")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email840618

referencing some of the work that I had ported from CP67 to VM370 (40yrs ago), only small percentage that then was released to customers (in the simplification morph from CP67 to VM370, a lot of stuff was dropped)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430 ..

The specific problem was that in the unnatural things done to VM370 to improve TPF throughput in virtual machine, they made throughput worse for nearly every other VM370 customer. recent post mentioning TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF

Somewhat to obfuscate the issue there was some tweaks to VM370 to try and improve performance handling of 3270 I/Os ... which tried to offset some of the performance degradation introduced by the changes for TPF. There was several problems, the original VM370 implementation had a glaring hole which was aggravated when 3270 support was introduced ... and the newer "fixes" just semi-covered up and obfuscated the original bug. Another problem was that installation code "CAD" was a ascii terminal shop and didn't have any 3270s ... so the 3270-specific "fixes" didn't help them at all.

CP67 and VM370 tried to leave a virtual machine in queue when it had gone into wait state with "high speed" I/O active ... otherwise the virtual machine was dropped from queue. The "bug" in VM370 was that the "high-speed" test was based on virtual device type ... while the original CP67 code was based on real device type. When 3270 support was added to VM370 they mapped a virtual 3215 low-speed device to a real 3270 high-speed device ... and as a result there was significant queue drop/add overhead going on for every 3270 I/O (the original CP67 implementation based on real device type avoided the problem). Also, the original CMS terminal support did a SIO for every terminal line output (which would result in queue drop/add with slow-speed terminal). I changed CMS to chain multiple line write CCWs into single SIO ... significantly reducing virtual machine simulation (regardless of the real terminal type, 3270 or ascii). old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#email790329 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email791011b ..
and discussion involving "CAD" installation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

For installation "CAD" they wanted as many of my fixes as possible that were part of the distribution I supported for internal datacenters.

I had done a lot of work as undergraduate in the 60s on dynamic adaptive resource management that was picked-up and including in CP67 (customers would refer to as "fairshare" scheduling for default resource management policy or the "wheeler" scheduler). In the simplification morph from CP67->VM370 it was all dropped.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

Then in the 70s during the FS period (when internal politics were killing off 370 efforts, credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold), I continued to work on 360/370 stuff, even periodically ridiculing FS activity (which wasn't exactly career enhancing effort). With the death of FS, there was mad rush to get 370 stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, which contributed to decision to pickup some of the stuff I had been doing and release to customers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Now in the 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement they started to charge for application software but managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free. With the rise of clone processor makers, the decision was made to start charging for kernel software ... incrementally as new changes until eventually in the 80s all kernel software would be charged for. My "resource manager" was selected as guinea pig for starting kernel software charging and I had to spend a lot of time with lawyers and business people on kernel software charging policies.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Also, some scheduling expert from corporate hdqtrs reviewed it before release and said I didn't have any (manual) tuning parameters ... and that I had to add manual tuning parameters because that was the state of the art ... i.e. MVS had hundreds ... there were regular SHARE presentations on the effects of making (essentially random) changes to MVS parameters. I tried to explain that decade before I spent lots of work on system being able to dynamically adapt w/o needing manual tuning. In any case, he wouldn't sign off until I added manual tuning parameters.

So I made a joke, I added manual tuning parameters with detailed descriptions, formulas and all the source. The "joke" was degrees of freedom ... the dynamic adaptive code had more degrees of freedom to compensate for any manual change.

Early 90s, I'm making IBM customer call at large bank in Hong Kong and as we are riding up the elevator ... a recent graduate asks me if I'm the "wheeler" in the "wheeler scheduler" ... they had studed the "wheeler scheduler" in school. I asked him if that included the "joke".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Line vs. Line Feed

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: New Line vs. Line Feed
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 28 May 2015 22:43:42 -0700
tony@VSE2PDF.COM (Tony Thigpen) writes:
It's actually much worse. There are three:

Ebcdic: CR = x0D NL = x15 LF = x25

Originally, CR only moved the print back to the first position of the same line. LF only moved the print down one line without moving sideways. NL moved both down and to the first position of the line.

When it was designed, they were using teletype machines and simple printers. No CRTs.

Historically:

1930's had the Teletype standard: International Telegraph Alphabet No. 2 (ITA2); which had both a CR and a LF and required both at the end of a line.

1950's IBM introduces BCD and adds NL 1960's IBM introduces EBCDIC and continued using the 3 values.

1960's ATT pushes for a replacement of ITA2 which the ATA published as ASCII in 1963. (One of their requirements was 7 bit so EBCDIC was ruled out.)

In the ASCII world, CR and LF were the standard until the mid-1960's when the Multics developers decided that using two characters was stupid and they started using just LF. Unix and follow-on OSs carried on the same tradition.

Today, it's a mess. Windows wants CRLF. Internet RFCs normally use CRLF. Mac and Linux use just LF.

Interesting, Windows Notepad requires CRLF, but Windows Wordpad will read and display a LF only file correctly and even change the file to CRLF when saved.


IBM did much of the standardization for ASCII and 360 originally was suppose to be an ASCII machine ... unfortunately the 360 ASCII unit record gear wasn't ready ... and the decision was made to go (temporarily) with the "old" BCD unit record gear (but there was some unfortunate side-effects of that decision).

EBCDIC and the P-Bit, The Biggest Computer Goof Ever
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere.

... snip ...

by the father of ASCII
http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
his history index
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

some recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#15 50 years of timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#52 Rather nice article on COBOL on Vulture Central
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#29 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#4 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#6 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#65 16-bit minis, was Floating point

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. Files Breakup Plan

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: U.S. Files Breakup Plan
Date: 29 May 2015
Blog: Facebook
U.S. Files Breakup Plan
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10200581881147125&set=gm.10153324532575856

A couple of us were periodically driving the masspike/taconic to POK for 370 architecture meetings ... I remember somebody taking us through a section of one of the bldgs where the offices were being cleared ... there was something like a hall of offices per week was being converted to paper storage. There was then an issue of floor loading limit because of the weight of all that paper. a couple postings in long running thread on the subject in comp.arch & alt.folklore.computers newsgroups from 2001
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#33 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#38 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#39 ..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Line vs. Line Feed

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: New Line vs. Line Feed
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 29 May 2015 15:30:13 -0700
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:
As a side note (as I have heard it), the reason that Windows uses CRLF as a line ending is because MS-DOS did the same. MS-DOS used CRLF because CPM-80 used CRLF. And, finally, CPM-80 used CRLF because the common printers at the time could not do a carriage return / line feed in a single operation. So, Gary Kindall (author of CPM-80) decided to end text files with CRLF so that he didn't need to complicate the printer driver to put a LF in when a CR was detected. This made good sense in the day that 64K RAM and a 1 Mhz 8080 was top of the line equipment for the hobbyist.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#6 New Line vs. Line Feed

a little other topic drift from recent IBM antitrust thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#7 U.S. Files Breakup Plan

Other trivia ... also at the scientific center ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

GML was invented at the science center in 1969 (G, M, & L are the 1st letters of the inventor's last name). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

This is posting by Sowa about GML being used by IBM for documents used in the antitrust suit
http://ontolog.cim3.net/forum/ontolog-forum/2012-04/msg00058.html

from above:
For text that was copied from the original OED, they got GML to produce exactly the same line breaks and hyphenation. They needed to get it exactly right in order to aid the proof readers who had to make sure that the new copy was identical to the old.

The GML-based software in the 1980s was far more flexible than MS Word is today. Just look at the OED and imagine how you might use MS Word to match that exactly.


... snip ...

in the mid-60s at science center, CMS script was implementation of CTSS runoff using "dot" formating controls ... then later, script was enhanced to support GML tag processing. in late 70s, a vm370 SE in the LA branch ... did implementation of CMS script on trs80 (NewScript)

and periodically mentioned ... before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked with cp67/cms at npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

other Sowa trivia ... on the failure of FS and how poorly 3081 compared to competition
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

some Future System pots
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do we keep losing?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why do we keep losing?
Date: 29 May 2015
Blog: Slightly East of New
Why do we keep losing?
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2015/05/29/why-do-we-keep-losing/

references

Why the West loses so many wars, and how we can learn to win.
http://fabiusmaximus.com/2015/05/28/why-we-lose-wars-and-how-we-can-win-85056/

...

"Why We Lost: A General's Inside Account of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars" starts with discussion of desert storm and lasting 42 days of conflict ... lots about all the forces in the land war. However, ground campaign only lasts 100hrs (4days)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

"Why We Lost" does mention precision bombing ... but the GAO air campaign effectiveness study says that significant portion of Iraqi armor was destroyed by A10 30mm fire ... and that Iraqis started walking away from their tanks because they were such sitting ducks. All the description of the tanks destroyed during the 100hrs of the land campaign fail to mention how many of the tanks had anybody home.

Other discussions of Iraq round 2 ... has Iraq had learned to minimize targets for US air power.

As others have mentioned, objective is "perpetual war" and "keeping the money flowing" ... which goes along with the Success of Failure theme. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

"why we lost" makes it sound like Iraq1 was ground war even tho it was only 100hrs (of the 42 days)
http://www.amazon.com/Why-We-Lost-Generals-Afghanistan-ebook/dp/B00KEWAP04/

advisors providing WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
were there with Bush1 for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 fabricate WMD justification. cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, the were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artilliary shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... that information is initially classified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 31 May 2015 10:29:45 -0700
The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/business/2015/05/30/net-of-insecurity-part-1/

... also Google+
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/XxZwqrxK83D

In late 90s, Postel (long time "RFC" editor, he use to let me do part of STD1) invited me to give a talk on "Why Internet isn't commercial grade dataprocessing" at ISI and the USC network/e-commerce graduate program students were also invited (it was standing room only in the largest ISI room). Part of the talk was based on end-to-end threat analysis of tcp/ip that we had done as part of its use of HA/CMP ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

trivia ... reference to HA/CMP scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room Jan1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
within a few weeks of the meeting, scaleup work was transferred and announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... contributing to decision to leave. some old email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

Later, two of the people mentioned in the meeting have (also) left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server; the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Part of the effort was a "payment gateway", sits on the internet and handles transactions between the ecommerce servers and the payment networks. I've pointed out (with respect to payment gateway), that to take a well designed, well written and tested application and turn it into business critical service can take 4-10 times the original effort. We had final signoff on everything related to payment gateway ... but could only advise and recommend on the front-end client/server part. Several recommendations that we made regarding the client/server part were almost immediately violated and contribute to exploits that continue to this day. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#payment

In the 80s, we had been working with director of NSF and NSF supercomputer centers on interconnecting the centers. Originally we were supposed to get $20M, but then Congress cuts the budget and some number of other things happen. Finally an RFP is released ... largely based on our earlier work. Unfortunately internal politics prevents us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help, writing a letter to the company (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse. Later as regional networks connect to the NSF supercomputer sites, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet. Some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning the 4-10 times effort theme:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#75 Test and Set (TS) vs Compare and Swap (CS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#91 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#11 Wanted: the SOUNDS of classic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#15 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#37 The BASIC Variations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#8 Mars Rover Not Responding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#48 Automating secure transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#20 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#23 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#63 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#40 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#26 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#51 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#10 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#76 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#53 Why Is Less Than 99.9% Uptime Acceptable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#33 Mainframe Project management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#20 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#48 How much knowledge should a software architect have regarding software security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#16 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#60 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#31 DRAM is the new Bulk Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#117 Are we programmed to stop at the 'first' right answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 31 May 2015 11:32:32 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

SE training use to be sort of journeyman process as part of large team at customer site. after the 23jun1969 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for software, SE services, etc ... they couldn't figure out how to not charge for trainee SEs. To address the opportunity, they established several (virtual machine) CP67 HONE (hands-on network environment) datacenters with remote access from branch offices for SEs to practice their operating system skills (in guest virtual machines). The science center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL. HONE then started also offering CMS\APL-based sales&marketing support tools ... which come to dominate all HONE activity (and the guest operating system use disappears). some past HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
some unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

At the same time the science center was offering its CP67 service to other internal locations, as well to staff and students at Univ. in the Boston/Cambridge area. One of the early internal CMS\APL users were the Armonk business planners ... who loaded the most highest valued corporate assets on the Cambridge system, detailed customer information. This had to meet some stringent security requirements since there were also non-employees and students using the same system. Science center learned early that students would try all sorts of things. some science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
also from that period, I didn't learn about these guys until later
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 31 May 2015 15:42:09 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
It is not too late to strengthen the internet. Thieves stealing money by faking transfers and Asian governments stealing the blue prints of new products will push companies and government departments towards more security.

Devise a secure system. Work out ways of integrating it into the current internet a bit at a time. It will slowly merge in.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

in the recently posted refs that they violated client/server recommendations resulting in exploits, some that continue to this day ... recent posts about a number of internet "safe payment" products around the turn of the century ... and why it collapsed.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

posts about mid-90s presentation on justifications why (proprietary) consumer dail-up banking moving to internet ... at the same time commercial/cash-management dialup banking said they would *NEVER* move to the internet because of long list of vulnerabilities ... some number I had previously referenced (although subsequently, even commercial dialup banking moves to internet)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup-banking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Date: 31 May 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/XxZwqrxK83D
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

PROFS was announced spring 1981. It was menu based system and had borrowed a very early version of VMSG source for its email client. Later, when the VMSG author offered them more up-to-date version, PROFS people attempted to get him fired (having taken credit for everything in PROFS). Everything quieted down when he demonstrated that every PROFS message in the world carried his initials in non-displayed field. After that he only distributed the source to two people, me and one other person. some old VMSG email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmsg

this is PROFS discussion from 1981 in VMSHARE archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=PROFS&ft=MEMO

it references that IBM had previously been working with Amoco Research on some aspects of PROFS.

Note TYMSHARE started offering its CMS-based computer conferencing system "free" to share as VMSHARE in Aug1976. I made arrangements with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSAHRE files for putting up on internal network and internal systems (including HONE). One of the biggest problems was IBM legal approval who were concerned IBM employees would be contaminated by customer information. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders
Date: 31 May 2015
Blog: Facebook
As undergraduate in the 60s, I added tty support to cp67 and attempted to make 2702 do something it couldn't quite do. Somewhat as result, UNIV. started effort to build clone controller ... reverse engineered 360 channel interface, built channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate 2702. Later this was upgraded to Interdata/4 handling channel interface and multiple interdate/3s handling port/line-scanners. Four of us got written up for being responsible for (some part of) clone controller business. Later Perkin-Elmer bought Interdata and the boxes were sold under the PE logo. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

1980s, STL was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg 5mi away (except mwave T1 traveled 15mi) ... with remote 3270 support back to STL (now silicon valley lab). They had tried the remote 3270 and found the human factors deplorable and I got con'ed into doing channel extender support for them ... allowing 3270 channel attached controllers at remote site. Support included downloading channel programs to the remote channel emulator which went a long way towards obfuscating the enormous channel protocol transmission latency ... and they couldn't tell the difference between real channel attached 3270s and the off-site channel attached 3270s (for various reasons, it actually improved throughput). The vendor then tried to get IBM to release my support ... but a group in POK had been playing with some serial fiber stuff and they were afraid that if it was in the field, it would make it harder for them to release their stuff. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

in 1988, I got asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ... including downloading of I/O programs.

In 1990, a decade after I did channel extender, the POK stuff was released as ESCON with the ES/9000 when it was already obsolete. Then some of the POK channel people get involved with fibre channel standard and define a heavy duty protocol layer that drastically cuts the native FCS throughput ... which eventually ships as FICON. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Note most recent I've seen is z196 peak i/o throughput benchmarks using 104 FICON to achieve 2M IOPS. About the same time there was a native FCS announced for e5-2600 blades claiming over 1M IOPS (two such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON ... protocol layer running over 104 FCS).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Jun 2015 08:46:33 -0700
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
There is another part in internet vulnerabilities and that is one of the pushes in the late 70's 77/78 or so by Vince Cerf to create direct access into online computers. Not directly internet but very much part of the thinking. The thinking at the time was that malicious users would be a rarity.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

I don't think he ever had to deal with lots of students on his systems. They seem to get peer points & bragging rights for finding & exploiting vulnerabilities. At science center in very early 70s, we had early case with MIT student figured out how to crash the system (didn't have any security breaches, just a denial of service) ... the person was told to not repeat it while that particular problem was fixed ... he repeated it again and was told he would loose his access if he repeated it ... he repeated it again ... and his access was revoked. He then went to his MIT academic advisor and complained that the science center revoked his access and demanded it be restored (as if it was his right to crash the system as much as he wanted).

past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Later in the 90s, we had a mini-conference at our house of profs from UC graduate computer security programs. A major problem highlighted was the students were all focused on finding and exploiting vulnerabilities (because that was where they got peer points & bragging rights) ... and extremely hard to motivate them to work on developing countermeasures and fixes for exploits and vulnerabilities.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#26 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#62 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#36 Builders V. Breakers

There have been similar discussions about sociopaths and lack of sense of right, wrong and consequences about people on wallstreet ... it is all a game with them as preditors and everybody else prey.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#75 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#80 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#40 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30 Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#16 Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#99 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#1 Spontaneous conduction: The music man with no written plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#91 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#76 Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Jun 2015 09:58:30 -0700
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
There was a considerable discussion at CCNG at the University of Waterloo about network security after one of Vince Cerf's visits. The opposing battle lines essentially were system performance and user flexibility vs security and reliability. This was at time when computers were limited in capabilities and security was viewed pure overhead to applications.

Students knocking a system down at key times in the academic year may be passed off as harmless prank by an observer and something a lot more serious by those impacted. It is a small step from denial of service in a computer center to knocking out a power grid.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

the previous comment was that to take a well designed, written and tested application and turn it until a business critical service ... can take 4-10 times the original effort ... is usually about understanding what is really going on. Really understanding what is going on can usually result in very efficient implementation ... it is the lack of understanding that using results in brute force, inefficient implementations.

the corollary is that KISS (keep it simple stupid) is frequently much harder than any of the alternatives.

another corollary is that frequently complex (snake oil) security turns out to frequently obfuscation that it reall isn't &/or can't do what is claimed.

lots of past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss1 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss2 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-DACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss3 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss4 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss5 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-DACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp- 00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss6 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss7 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss8 KISS for PKIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss9 KISS for PKIX .... password/digital signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss10 KISS for PKIX. (authentication/authorization seperation)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#liex509 Lie in X.BlaBla...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#3dsecure 3D Secure Vulnerabilities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm8.htm#softpki10 Software for PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#variations variations on your account-authority model (small clarification)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#comfort AADS & X9.59 performance and algorithm key sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#76 Invisible Ink, E-signatures slow to broadly catch on (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#77 Invisible Ink, E-signatures slow to broadly catch on (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#73 Account Numbers. Was: Confusing Authentication and Identiification? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#gaping gaping holes in security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay7.htm#3dsecure4 3D Secure Vulnerabilities? Photo ID's and Payment Infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#hackhome Hackers Targeting Home Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#boyd AN AGILITY-BASED OODA MODEL FOR THE e-COMMERCE/e-BUSINESS ENTERPRISE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#10 Federated Identity Management: Sorting out the possibilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#30 Proposal: A replacement for 3D Secure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#19 TCPA not virtualizable during ownership change (Re: Overcoming the potential downside of TCPA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#54 TTPs & AADS Was: First Data Unit Says It's Untangling Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#16 A challenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#20 surrogate/agent addenda (long)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#23 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#26 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#27 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#28 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#29 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#30 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#31 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#19 Simple SSL/TLS - Some Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#20 Simple SSL/TLS - Some Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#21 Simple SSL/TLS - Some Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#39 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#40 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#1 FAQ: e-Signatures and Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#10 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example:secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#12 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#0 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)<
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#41 Yahoo releases internet standard draft for using DNS as public key server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#60 Using crypto against Phishing, Spoofing and Spamming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#27 Citibank discloses private information to improve security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#mcomfort Human Nature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#1 Is there any future for smartcards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#11 Payment Tokens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#26 X.509 / PKI, PGP, and IBE Secure Email Technologies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#15 Apple to help Microsoft with "security neutrality"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#49 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#51 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#52 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#0 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#1 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#2 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#3 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#4 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#5 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#6 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#7 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#10 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#23 Identity resurges as a debate topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#54 Security can only be message-based?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#64 How to crack RSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#0 2007: year in review
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#11 Death of antivirus software imminent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#228 Attacks on a PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#18 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#51 DARPA was: Short Watson Biography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#1 Why is UNIX semi-immune to viral infection?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#3 SUNW at $8 good buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#22 Infiniband's impact was Re: Intel's 64-bit strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#44 PDP-10 Archive migration plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#59 Computer Naming Conventions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#15 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#0 VAX, M68K complex instructions (was Re: Did Intel Bite Off MoreThan It Can Chew?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#26 Crazy idea: has it been done?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#29 Crazy idea: has it been done?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#62 subjective Q. - what's the most secure OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#11 Serious vulnerablity in several common SSL implementations?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#43 how to build tamper-proof unix server?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#44 how to build tamper-proof unix server?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#20 A new e-commerce security proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#27 Root certificate definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#23 Cost of computing in 1958?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#60 MIDAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#45 hyperblock drift, was filesystem structure (long warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#46 internal network drift (was filesystem structure)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#66 FBA suggestion was Re: "average" DASD Blocksize
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#14 OT: Attaining Perfection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#42 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#33 MAD Programming Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#37 Cray to commercialize Red Storm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#26 Moribund TSO/E
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#26 The attack of the killer mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#30 The attack of the killer mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#58 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#60 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#24 |d|i|g|i|t|a|l| questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#51 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#50 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#10 The Soul of Barb's New Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#12 The Soul of Barb's New Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#22 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#1 Brit banks introduce delays on interbank xfers due to phishing boom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#19 Improving Authentication on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#18 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#43 Security of Secret Algorithm encruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#24 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#34 How To Abandon Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#40 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#8 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#38 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#46 Musings on a holiday weekend
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#22 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#11 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#10 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#70 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#29 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#30 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#5 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#25 Latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#26 Latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#12 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#13 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#11 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#52 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#47 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#97 Is virtualization diminishing the importance of OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#75 Outsourcing dilemma or debacle, you decide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#64 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#55 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#74 Top 10 vulnerabilities for service orientated architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#21 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#55 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#65 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#37 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#35 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#59 EU agency runs rule over ID cards for online banking logins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#16 Why Coder Pay Isn't Proportional To Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#66 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#75 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#19 Virtualization: Making Seductive Promises a Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#82 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#72 Orientation - does group input (or groups of data) make better decisions than one person can?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#2 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#94 The Curly Factor -- Prologue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#14 How is SSL hopelessly broken? Let us count the ways
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#25 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#79 alignment, was History of byte addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#1 As Pressure Grows to Cut Spending, the True Cost of Weapons Is Anyone's Guess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#48 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#53 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#88 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#101 Perspectives: Looped back in
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#68 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#21 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#25 VM370 40yr anniv, CP67 44yr anniv
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#66 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#23 Young's Black Hat 2013 talk - was mainframe tribute song

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do we keep losing?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why do we keep losing?
Date: 01 June 2015
Blog: Slightly East of New
Why do we keep losing?
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2015/05/29/why-do-we-keep-losing/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#9 Why do we keep losing?

corporate representatives approach former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote for invasion of iraq in the UN, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

"Directed appropration USAID" is one way congress has of feeding the military-industrial complex w/o it showing up in DOD budget. An issue was that with the end of the cold war, there was downturn in military spending ... and the military-industrial complex needed a way to reverse that trend. 2010 there was CBO report that DOD budget had been increased a little over two trillion dollars (compared to baseline budget), $1+T for the two wars and $1+T that couldn't be accounted for. Note that in the 90s, congress passes act that requires all federal gencies pass regular financial audits. So far, DOD has been unable to pass a financial audit, there is some speculation that DOD might be able to pass a financial audit in 2017 (20yrs later).

Current projections that when all is said∓done, the cost of the two wars will reach $5T with long-term veterans medical and benefits. In fact, long-term veterans medical and benefits is looming as major threat to the military-industrial complex ... cutting into the funds available to them.

past posts mentioning "Prophets of War"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#54 NBC's website hacked with malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#50 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#5 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#178 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#74 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

June 1985 email

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: June 1985 email
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Jun 2015 11:22:59 -0700
Note that PC/XT standard harddisk had 100ms access time (aka about 10 IOs/sec). VM370 was modified to do I/O by messages with CP88 running on the PC-side.

17 June 1985, 14:17:46 EDT
To: wheeler

Re: PC370 append.

Hi.

I thought you might be interested to know that I've succeeded in getting my XT/370 to page directly to a 2 Megabyte Ramdisk (by Semidisk, Inc.). However, we found that it didn't buy us any type of performance improvement.

It turns out that the time it takes to call DOS to access the fixed disk is significantly greater than the time to do the actual read and write from the disk. In other words, the bottleneck is with the DOS software, not the fixed disk hardware!

From sources at Glendale (they're responsible for VM/PC software development), I was told that the AT/370 will run from 60-300% faster because the AT/370 system is specially designed to bypass the DOS calls and access the fixed disk directly. By the way, I haven't put this information on PC370 FORUM because I don't know how sensitive this information is, but I thought you'd like to know the facts before investing money into something that might not work. Regards.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

Date: 06/18/85 17:36:05
From: wheeler

re: page cache; am sending vmperf script.

have had several go arounds on cache design with tucson over 3880-11/3880-21 design ... also with xxxxxx about his code that he wrote.

In cache design there is a trade-off of bandwidth versis cache size (also transparency). Because of the limited size of the xt/370 cache that xxxx had (only 1 megabyte) ... i added support in DMKPGT to eliminate "dups".

For a completely transparent paging cache ... you will eventually have blocks in local 370 memory that are also in the cache memory (i.e. dups). This will happen whenever a block is read from the cache (and not removed from the cache). I added code to xt/370 initialization and DMKPGT that if a cache was present ... a special "op" would be used to read page file data ... essentially a read+discard ... cache could throw away copy because a valid copy existed in 370 storage.

Increase bandwidth came because whenever a page was stolen from 370 memory ... it would have to be written to cache ... regardless of whether it was changed in 370 memory. The result is that the 370 VM system becomes involved with cache management to eliminate dups ... and there is some increase in data flowing between the cache and 370 memory. However, dups have been eliminated (operation becomes a MOVE from cache to 370 memory rather than COPY from cache to 370 memory). With dups, the effective size of the electronic store is equal to the size of the cache. With dup elimination the effective size of the electronic store is the size of the cache plus the number of pages in the 370 store. If the size of the cache is not more than 5 to 10 times larger than the 370 store, then there is an effective 10-20% increase in the effective electronic store size (all pages are unique). .

If the cache size is more than 5-8 times larger than the 370 storage size, then bandwidth/dup-elimination trade-off probably isn't worth it (i.e. 300k of 370 storage and >2megs of cache). However, that becomes a simple switch setting at initialization because the code I had in DMKPGT would not use the read+discard op-code unless the flag was set. If there is no cache or if the cache is greater than 8 times larger than 370 storage, don't bother to set the flag.

If you have a general file cache and we can get 3-6 megs of storage ... then it would be interesting to start looking at some generalized file system optimization techniques in conjunction with PAM.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

aka "PAM" was the paged-mapped filesystem I originally wrote for CP67/CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

recent posts mentioning A74
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#8 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#71 30 yr old email

some more esoteric internals of CMS, shared segments, and file directories in r/o shared memory:

Date: 06/21/85 12:32:41
From: wheeler

re: dchnfr problem;

Must have been a slip-up in communication. Endicott found a problem the early part of May in DMSLAD ... that was fixed with a new update J0002DCH dated 5/17/85. I then "fixed/changed" DMSALU J0001DCH on 5/18/85. Between those two updates, the problem with freeing DCH blocks should be "fixed".

re: DCHNFR operation;

DMSINS has been changed to not "set" the DCHSHR flag when filling in the ASSTATX (shared stat for the s-disk) and AYSTATX (shared stat for the y-disk) ... but to instead set the DCHNFR. Prior to the DCH split code, both the DCH header and the actual DCH block were located in shared storage.

The DCHSHR flag was used both to indicate a) the block was not in free storage and b) it was possible to modify any of the fields in the DCHSECT block proper. With the DCH-split code, only the file-directory proper is in shared storage ... and the DCHSECT is non-shared, free storage.

I took the "easy" way out by not finding all the code that checks DCHSHR and changing the logic ... instead, I defined a new bit and just changed the code that sets the bit (DMSINS) and the code that releases the storage (DMSLAD, DMSALU).

--------------------

Note: this code change should have no impact execpt for things like HIDE which directly modify data in the file directory proper ... and "who" presumably depend on the DCHSHR flag to indicate whether it is possible. Programs like HIDE will have to be changed/modified in any case since they won't work w/o a fix to handle the splitting of the DCHSECT.

---------------------

There will have to also be modifications made to any DCSS support code which dynamically loads DCSS segments which contain file directories (they also have to modified, in any case, because of the basic DCHSECT split code).


... snip ... top of post, old email index

other old reference to DCHSECT split (a year earlier):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email840618
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#19 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1

above also references that somebody had written a proposal to include shared segments and PAM (CMS paged-mapped filesystem) for certain 3-letter gov. agency. PAM and shared segment work was original done on CP67 then migrated to VM370 ... references migration of lots changes from CP67 to VM370 (most eventually released to customers except for the paged-mapped filesystem changes).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

posts mentioning 3880-11/Ironwood cache (also dup/no-dup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#13 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#18 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#68 I/O contention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#53 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#54 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#63 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#55 Storage Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#3 PLX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#52 ''Detrimental'' Disk Allocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#7 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#5 Alpha performance, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#13 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#17 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#18 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#20 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#29 FW: Looking for Disk Calc program/Exec
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#28 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#30 Massive i/o
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#50 non ECC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#8 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#46 Hercules 3.04 announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#45 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#41 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#14 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#32 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#31 MB to Cyl Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#35 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#0 old discussion of disk controller chache
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#12 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#23 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#38 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#42 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#60 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#15 Flash memory arrays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#52 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#41 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#39 The Internet's 100 Oldest Dot-Com Domains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#11 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#47 locate mode, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#20 How to analyze a volume's access by dataset
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#14 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#67 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#68 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#79 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#34 nested LRU schemes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#47 nested LRU schemes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#75 megabytes per second
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#3 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#96 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Jun 2015 12:19:53 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
I don't think he ever had to deal with lots of students on his systems. They seem to get peer points & bragging rights for finding & exploiting vulnerabilities. At science center in very early 70s, we had early case with MIT student figured out how to crash the system (didn't have any security breaches, just a denial of service) ... the person was told to not repeat it while that particular problem was fixed ... he repeated it again and was told he would loose his access if he repeated it ... he repeated it again ... and his access was revoked. He then went to his MIT academic advisor and complained that the science center revoked his access and demanded it be restored (as if it was his right to crash the system as much as he wanted).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

note this didn't happen over an extended period of time ... the crashes (more than three), talking to the student, the warnings, revoking access and the fix ... occured over the period of a single day. The person appeared to believe in their own privilege with no consequences.

past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jun 2015 10:08:30 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Heck, after S/360, IBM had a grow very rapidly and it got screwed up, lying to customers and losing anti-trust suits, then failing to have S/370 developed.

IBM had whole eco-system ... businesses ... along with educational institutions producing new people. legal actions and 23jun1969 unbundling announcement upset all that ... past unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

this is in parallel with shutting down ACS-360 because management thought that it would advance state of the art too fast and they would loose control of the market.
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

then the Future System period ... that would be totally different from 360/370 ... and internal politics during the FS was shutting down 370 efforts ... and the lack of 370 products in the period then is credited with giving clone processors market foothold ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

then with the "death" of FS ,from Ferguson/Morris Computer Wars (effect of Future System failure):
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

in the late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network ... folklore is that when the executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. From ibmjargon:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

In the early 80s, IBM made an effort to reclaim some part of the academic market ... needing the new generation to have some ibm orientation. ACIS was created with mission to give out hundreds of millions of dollars to educational institutions (there was some jokes about it being staffed with people from other organizations that weren't critical/needed). MIT Project Athena got $25M (matched by $25M from DEC), CMU got $50M, ... in all several hundred million was distributed. However, IBM had a hard time turning all that money into business. Project Athena had X-windows, Kerberos, and other distributed computing activity. CMU funding was major factor in MACH, Andrew filesystem, Camelot, etc

Also, BITNET got lots of funding (along with EARN in europe) some bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

I also sponsored John Boyd's briefings during this period ... one of his points that former military officers were starting to contaiminate US corporate culture with their rigid top-down command and control background (and only those at the very top knew what they were doing) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

however, this was also in the period that articles were starting to appear that the rise of MBAs was starting to destory American business with myopic focus on quarterly numbers.

There was also large corporations ordering hundreds of 4300s at a time for placing out in departmental areas ... the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami. For small unit orders, IBM and DEC sold similar numbers into the mid-range market (big difference was large corporate multi-hundred unit orders). This is old post with decade of DEC VAX numbers sliced&diced by model, year, US/non-US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0 Computers in Science Fiction

it shows the big explosion in mid-range market starting to move to workstations and large PCs by the mid-80s.

The communication group saw a big corporate uptake of IBM/PCs as emulated dumb terminal 3270s. VAX & 4300s were starting to loose to workstations and PCs ... but also client/server and distributed computing was starting to take-over. In the mid-80s, the communication group was fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to preserve its (emulated) dumb terminal install base.

In the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the internal, world-wide, annual communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... however he opened his talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stangle hold on datacenters with corporate strategic responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls. The disk division was seeing the communication efforts to fight off client/server and distributed computing resulting in data fleeing the datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms (and drop in disk sales).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

a couple years later the corporation goes into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jun 2015 10:37:43 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#20 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

in the mid-80s, top ibm executives appeared oblivious to disruptive changes in progress, they were predicting revenue would double from $60B to $120B primarily based on mainframe business ... and there was massive internal bldg program to double mainframe manufacturing capacity (in parallel with the communication group strangle hold on datacenters). At the same time, there was big influx in fast-track MBAs quickly cycling through various victim business units (apparently in preparation for company doubling).

for other drift ... recent Boyd item, "John Boyd's Revenge"
https://medium.com/the-bridge/john-boyd-s-revenge-8a57d9a53364

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jun 2015 14:20:27 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Did the Watsons truly allow honest debate?

From various histories, including Tom Watson's memoir, I get a mixed message. Indeed, Tom Watson* claimed his father had an environment of only "yes men". But Tom admitted he had a terrible temper and could be very demanding. Tom admitted he demoted a manager who disagreed with him, but actually was very valuable and subsequently, despite the demotion, went on to make many contributions. I wonder if people under him also took a "don't make waves" to protect themselves.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#20 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#21 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Don't know ... never met them.

I do know that with demise of FS and the mad rush to get things back into 370 product pipelines ... they threw all the adtech groups (bridge the gap between regular development and research) into the breach ... and adtech nearly disappears. Development is usually considered 1-3yrs out, adtech 3-6yrs ... so they sacrificed the future ... pulling back from education market and near demise of adtech ... coupled with MBA myopic focus on qrtrly numbers.

past reference about doing adtech conf. spring 1982 ... possibly 1st since demise of FS.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party
other reference to adtech conf.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#40 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#51 Hey! Keep Your Hands Out Of My Abstraction Layer!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#62 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#34 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#62 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#9 segments and sharing, was 68000 assembly language programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#4 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#6 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#39 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#71 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#65 Decimation of the valuation of IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jun 2015 17:46:44 -0700
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
I would posit that stealing billions of dollars does more harm to society than low level violent crimes, yet they get lighter penalties. Sometime they even get to keep a chunk of the stolen money in exchange for their cooperation in the investigation. Orson Swindle had it right.

... trillions of dollars and no individual consequencies ... the institutions put on "deferred prosecution" (sort of like probation) as long as they stop doing it ... but they don't change their ways and are repeatedly put on "deferred prosecution" ... as if previous "deferred prosecution" settlements didn't exist.

recent post mentioning "deferred prosecution"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#80 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

a couple refs
http://narcosphere.narconews.com/notebook/bill-conroy/2012/12/banks-are-where-money-drug-war
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/02/11/if-hsbc-were-a-person-it-d-be-in-jail.html
http://www.thenation.com/blog/181763/blotch-eric-holders-record-wall-street-accountability

Why Didn't Eric Holder Go After the Bankers?
http://www.newyorker.com/news/john-cassidy/didnt-eric-holder-go-bankers
Matt Taibbi and "The $9 Billion Witness" Who Exposed How JPMorgan Chase Helped Wreck the Economy
http://www.democracynow.org/2015/1/1/matt_taibbi_and_the_9_billion

current head of SEC had to get ethics waiver
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2015/01/20150114-sec-chair-got-waiver-to-oversee-wall-street-law-firm.html
including most recent UBS settlement ... there was earlier speculation that they might actually prosecute under prior "deferred prosecution"
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/justice-department-to-tear-up-past-ubs-settlement-2015-05-15
but so far seems like hot air
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-05-20/ubs-to-plead-guilty-on-libor-fined-by-fed-in-currency-probe

goes along with "captured" regulatory agencies and revolving doors between wallstreet and gov. agencies.

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

a whistleblower example was the head of FDIC large bank examination caught WaMu early on and reported it up through the head of FDIC ... got demoted and then let go ... his whistleblower case is still going on.

whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 03 Jun 2015 00:01:22 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
You are not referring to the Internet itself, really here. You are referring to applications that run on the Internet, and businesses interconnects with the Internet.

The Internet has proven to be a lot more reliable in practice than all the other networks.

The fire stations in 6 municipalites around Norway have been gathering statistics from around 2000 widely spread fire alarms with diverse connections, and which are continously monitored. They are connected through GSM, 4G, IP, ISDN and POTS.

They now have more than 15 years worth of data. IP; the Internet; is by far the most reliable connection, followed by POTS, ISDN and with a large gap down to mobile. The gap in outage times from ISDN to GSM is around 10 times. The differences between IP and ISDN are around 2x.

This is all in a protected, location diverse setup, where the backup sites are not revealed before they are needed. (so as not to invite DOS attacks).

Who else can sort out the situation of being the only large ISP in two countries that goes to war, and shedding the businesses in one of them WITHOUT LOSING MORE THAN ONE SECOND of connectivity?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#19 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

at the time of deploying the payment gateway ... it was still common for the infrastructure to partition, major ISPs were still taking point-of-presence routers down during the day on sundays for service, there wasn't a whole lot of co-location at telco exchanges (that had hardened blgs, 48v power, diesel backup, telco provisioning, etc)

Major retailers could get redundant circuits from telco having diverse routing, to payment network that had constant/active monitoring (even if retailer wasn't doing transactions, constant/active monitoring would still recognize some outage), service level agreements (with significant penalties if didn't meet service), first level problem determination at 5mins or less at trouble desk.

I had to cobble together a whole lot of stuff to even come close to approx. that with internet resources ... requiring multiple different circuits into different significant portions of the backbone as part of compensating procecedures.

As I've periodically mentioned it took a year to finally get multiple-A record support into the browser ... but I could mandate it in the webserver to gateway operation. At the time the e-commerce started ... they would still allow advertising routes ... but during that period the infrastructure transitioned to hierarchical routing ... even with carefully configured multiple connections into different parts of the backbone ... browsers wouldn't try the alternate routes if they didn't have multiple A-record support.

Lots of things have improved in the 20+ year interval.

I've periodically mentioned that one of the major early adopter ecommerce sites was major sporting facility that advertised on sunday NFL football and was expecting significant business during half-time ... but that was in the period when major ISPs still took down major/critical routers for maintenance ... easily making the website unavailable.

a few recent past posts mentioning the multiple A-record issue:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#94 Privacy vs. freedom of the press--Google court ruling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#19 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#96 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#171 European data law: UK.gov TRASHES 'unambiguous consent' plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#55 HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#23 Commentary--time to build a more secure Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#45 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 03 Jun 2015 09:28:49 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
I would guess this is a ca 1997 account? It was in 1998-2002 that the major players got their act together. The remaining 42000 still haven't, but they can be bypassed if you are a medium-sized business or a hosting centre. Buy local loops from a few of the local ones, and connect directly to two of the tier1/2s; and run BGP etc. Around 20000 institutions do this. But since IP space is running out, be prepared to pay for portable IP. A /24 of portable space now lists for ca $3000, or around $11 per address. And it is soon getting worse when the US runs out.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

It was 6Nov1997 when postel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Postel
had me give presentation at ISI (why internet wasn't commercial grade dataprocessing)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

other refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#65 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#66 IBM100 - Rise of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#70 How the Internet wasn't Commercial Dataprocessing

1995 ... was early major ecommerce webserver & expecting lots of hits during NFL sunday halftime ... and things like major ISPs routinely taking down their routers during the day on sunday for mainteannce.

Also, summer of 95, largest online service provider started seeing its internet facing servers crashing. Over the next month most of the industry specialists come in to look at it. A month after it started, one of their people flew out to the west coast and bought me a hamburger after work and described the problem while I ate the hamburger. I said, that was one of the threats we had identified during the HA/CMP analysis (sort of a crack between what the RFC standard said and what the code was actually doing). I gave him a Q&D patch which was applied later that evening. I went around to several of the major internet system & equipment providers about addressing the problem ... nobody was interested. Exactly a year later an ISP in NY had similar problem that became public. At that point, lots of system/equipment providers jump in to fix it and exclaim how fast they had addressed the problem. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#51 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#11 Caller ID "spoofing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#21 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#11 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#2 First Website Launched 20 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#84 'smttter IBMdroids
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#60 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#13 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#104 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating

It was also in 1995 period that HTTP webserver load was starting to first scaleup and ran into the FINWAIT problem. HTTP had chosen to use TCP for UDP atomic transactions. Result was enormous numbers of very short sessions and enomrous number of session closes. The TCP FINWAIT processing had never been implemented to handle long FINWAT lists (TCP processing looking for dangling packets coming in after session close) ... linear running long FINWAIT lists was starting to consume 90+% of webserver cpu. some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#13 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#26 There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#76 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 03 Jun 2015 14:10:35 -0700
weird stuff ... haven't been able to update personal garlic.com webpages since 17apr. I had referenced the URL for google archive of this usenet thread in facebook yesterday. the 1st ten posts in this thread now show up at google newsgroup archive ... but four so far from today appear to show up as "deleted". all the other recent a.f.c. postings appear to show up at google.

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Coase's Blockchain - the first half block - Vinay Gupta explains triple entry

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Coase's Blockchain - the first half block - Vinay Gupta explains triple entry
Date: 05 June 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/d9RBa9swFXX

Coase's Blockchain - the first half block - Vinay Gupta explains triple entry
https://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001564.html

RDBMS/SQL trivia ... not just fragile ... but rigid & fragile, working with large energy utility in the early 90s, found they had over 6000 RDBMS/SQL with something like 90% common information. Issue was that certain optimizations for financial transaction processing resulted in RDBMS/SQL being very business process/task specific. Different departments/business processes found it significantly easier to replicate and adapt for their own purposes rather than trying to extend single RDBMS/SQL to handle multiple different tasks. past posts mentioning original relational/SQL implementation, System/R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

mentioning 6000 RDBMS in large energy utility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#arch5 A different architecture? (was Re: certificate path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#91 A note on the culture of database
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#27 Generalised approach to storing address details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#0 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#2 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jun 2015 14:15:20 -0700
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Actually there is also a simple explanation of the two mindsets. ARPANET was a DARPA project sponsored essentially with military research funds. Many of the alternative technologies had academic roots who well knew just how a vulnerable an internet could be. The military side as much as they liked pranks drew the line before messing with the network.

state-of-the-art 70s&80s in financial was multi-person transactions as countermeasure to insider fraud ... response was collusion ... which then begat collusion countermeasures.

publicity with the rise of the internet was about outsiders and outsider countermeasures ... but insiders would promote that as obfuscation as true source. stats still have insiders involved in the majority of things like identity theft.

it is common for representatives of gov. agencies to attend financial standards meetings ... in the late 90s there was period where advances in electronics resulted in replacing mainframes with much smaller sized computing so that formally gigantic football field sized datacenters had lots of empty space. I once jokingly ask one of the gov. representations if I could get co-location for some very high security financial in empty space in one of their datacenters. Their reply was while their people have been trained for security of the nation ... very little was done about addressing financial temptation.

In various technology meetings ... military focus has been about continuing to operate in circumstances involving very high physical damage.

In recent facebook thread about gov. antitrust against ibm ... it was raised that Katzenbach joined IBM in 1969
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Katzenbach#Later_years
earlier he was involved in the JFK investigation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Katzenbach#Role_in_JFK_assassination_investigation

in the 70s, IBM got a new CSO ... formally in gov. serivce (heavily physical securitiy oriented, including at one time head of presidential detail, but he wasn't in dallas) ... not uncommon practice at large corporations. Relatively new hire, I was still asked to run around with him for awhile and talk about computer security (and little physical security rubbed off). previous posts mentioning presidential detail:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#24 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#39 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#41 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#33 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#3a The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#8 Plug Your Data Leaks from the inside
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#60 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test

The overall gov. record regarding electronic security has been very spotty. previous posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#19 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#26 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95 ^A^K boy scouts

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95 ^A^K boy scouts
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jun 2015 17:54:29 -0700
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
So, on the subject of militarism, it's pretty clear that scouts emulate some military things, but since their primary focus is camping, I don't see them as war mongers, or anything like that. Way too much conformity for me, but I know lots of other people think that's a good thing.

on 50mi hikes they would complain that a couple of us would get way out ahead of everybody else (we would hike the cascade crest up to canadian border and then back down, this was before north cascade highway).

Eisenhower's warming about military-industrial complex was largely about money ... and for-profit companies ... since then severely aggravated by MBAs' myopic focus on constantly increasing quarterly profits.

the fall of the iron curtain was big blow to them.

corporate representatives apporach former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote for invasion of iraq in the UN, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

"Directed appropration USAID" is one way congress has of feeding the military-industrial complex w/o it showing up in DOD budget. An issue was that with the end of the cold war, there was downturn in military spending ... and the military-industrial complex needed a way to reverse that trend. 2010 there was CBO report that DOD budget had been increased a little over two trillion dollars (compared to baseline budget), $1+T for the two wars and $1+T that couldn't be accounted for. Note that in the 90s, congress passes act that requires all federal gencies pass regular financial audits. So far, DOD has been unable to pass a financial audit, there is some speculation that DOD might be able to pass a financial audit in 2017 (20yrs later).

one of the issues is that projections that those war costs will ultimately hit $5T with long term veterens' benefits and medical. In fact that is becomming threat to military-industrial complex impacting funds available for their bottom line. As been mentioned periodically, objective is "perpetual war" and "keeping the money flowing" ... which goes along with the Success of Failure theme. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

and then when CIA director didn't agree with "Team B" analysis justifying significant increases in DOD funding ... they replaced him with somebody that would:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

team b posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

they are then there for providing WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War

were there with Bush1 (earlier replacement CIA director) for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 fabricate WMD justification. cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, they were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artilliary shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... that information is initially classified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

one of Boyd' acolytes wrote this tribute ... but included reference to the end of "cold war" benefit never managed to appear
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt
and his "perpetual war" theme:
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

posts & web references mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 06 Jun 2015 23:14:54 -0700
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
The DoD documents that I have seen classify DoS as a security breach, with ample cause.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

it was security breach in the sense of break down of security processes ... but not in the sense of loss of information (which was issue with the armonk customer data on the machine). It was also an "insider" attack ... and insider was easily identified and trivial to revoke authorization.

we were tangentially involved in the cal. data breach notification act .... having been brought in to help word smith the cal. electronic signature act. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

many of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detail consumer and public surveys ... and the #1 issue was identity theft in the form of fraudulent transactions as result of data breach. Little or nothing seemed to being done about it ... and it was hoped that publicity from the breach notification would prompt corrective action. Part of the issue is that nominally entities take security measures in self-defense ... however it wasn't the istitutions that were at risk, it was their customers and the public. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

since the cal. state data breach act, several other states have passed similar acts. Also there have been several federal data breach notification bills introduced (none have yet passed) ... about evenly dividied between those similar to the original cal. act and ones that would effective eliminate notification (via various ingenious ways of specifying when notification was required ... and federal preemption of the state acts).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union envisioned internet functionality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Jun 2015 09:19:49 -0700
floyd@apaflo.com (Floyd L. Davidson) writes:
That was a half duplex modem though.

note that to get around 270x/37x5 limitations, guys on the internal network built "y-connectors" ... full-duplex bisynch line that connected to two different ports, one used for outgoing and one used for incoming

from long ago and far away:

Date: Mon, 30 Nov 1987 12:19:23 PST
From: wheeler

re: fdx performance; I thot I remember seeing some performance numbers in RSCS forum comparing FDX/BSC with Y-connector and RSCS/SNA driving a 56kbit link (both terrestrial and satellite) ... but no longer can find it.

Does somebody have those numbers? Also as a matter of interest, does anybody know what the current "window size" that 3725/NCP supports on SDLC link (i.e. size of block and number of blocks out)?


... snip ... top of post, old email index

We had FDX/BSC driver using rate pacing rather than window algorithms to have sustained full media flow in both directions ... reference here in posts about "high speed data transport" project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

This also shows up in discussions about IBM controllers not supporting more than 56kbits ... recent refs to the "fat pipe" story and why customers didn't want T1 until sometime into the 90s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#40 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

and in their eventual "rube-goldberg" 3737 that got around VTAM host limitations supporting terrestial T1 pipe by spoofing local CTCA connection including early ACKs as soon as local box receives RU (enormous amount of buffering in the box with lots of 68K processors) Old email discussing 3737:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

with all the spoofing processing, 3737 max. sustained only 2mbit/sec aggregate (US T1 3mbit/sec aggregate full-duplex, EU T1 4mbit/sec aggregate full-duplex).

recent posts with 3737 ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#47 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

At the same time they were spinning the "fat pipe" story for the executive committee and why customers didn't want T1 1.5mbyte/sec full-duplex pipes (because 37x5 didn't support more than 56kbit/sec) ... they were also spreading mis-information about how SNA/VTAM could be used for NSF T1 infrastructure. old email about SNA/VTAM NSF mis-information:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

other email about SNA/VTAM misinformation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Vector Support

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Vector Support
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Jun 2015 09:34:07 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
At least two IBM System/370 machines, ES/3090 and ES/9000, could have IBM's Vector Facility added on. The size of a vector register, called the "section size", was model-dependent. It was 128 for the ES/3090 and 256 for the ES/9000. This was the number of 32-bit elements in a vector register, and again there were 16 vector registers.

the 3090 processor engineers complained about the vector facility add-on. one way of looking at vector is that floating point execution units throughput was nominally much slower than the memory bandwidth ... so with typical implementations, memory bandwidth could keep several floating point execution units fed. The 3090 processor engineers claimed that they had so optimized floating point execution unit performance, that scalar floating point ran at memory bandwidth speed (& 3090 vector add-on was mandated by the marketing droids).

old posts mentioning 3090 vector
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#5 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#32 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#1 cost of crossing kernel/user boundary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#20 360 Microde Floating Point Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#10 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#22 Would multi-core replace SMPs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#4 The Power of the NORC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#51 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#71 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#72 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#73 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#1 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#10 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#33 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#41 A History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#50 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#99 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#35 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#111 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#56 New Principles of Operation (and Vector Facility for z/Architecture)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Will Clarence Thomas Recuse Himself Fom Obamacare Case?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Will Clarence Thomas Recuse Himself Fom Obamacare Case?
Date: 07 June, 2015
Blog: Facebook
Will Clarence Thomas Recuse Himself Fom Obamacare Case?
http://www.thenation.com/blog/164586/will-clarence-thomas-recuse-himself-obamacare-case

GLBA (repeal of Glass-Steagall was added creating too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail) initially passed along party lines and folklore is that president was going to veto it. They then went back and it eventually passes senate with veto-proof 90-8 and the president signs it. Comment was that wallstreet had spent $250M buying congress, approx. evenly divided between the two parties.

Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s congressional investigation into the crash of '29 that resulted in criminal convictions, jail time and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that there was some expectation that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington, also there may be only 2-3 members of congress that haven't been bought). Local washington news now will periodically refer to congress as "Kabuki Theater" ... that what is seen publicly has nothing to do with what really goes on (including apparent conflict between the two parties is misdirection for the public).

glass-steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Kabuki Theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

43rd President

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 43rd President
Date: 07 June, 2015
Blog: Facebook
when CIA director didn't agree with "Team B" analysis (justifying significant increases in DOD funding) ... they replaced him with somebody that would:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
they are then there for providing WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
former CIA director and then VP claims he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

those advisers/analysts are there for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 fabricate WMD justification. cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, they were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artilliary shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... takes nearly a decade beofre th information is declassified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

note corporate representatives had approached former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote in UN for invasion of iraq, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

In 2002, congress had let the fiscal responsibility act expire (required spending not exceed tax revenue). 2010 CBO report that in the interval, tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to baseline fiscal responsibility budget) ... tax cuts continue to this day.

fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Last decade, economic mess was 70 times larger than S&L crisis. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages ... but had limited market. In the late 90s we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as a countermeasure.

In the early part of the century, the sellers found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps documents and they could now do no-down, no-documentation lair loans, pay for triple-A and sell to customers ... including large institutional funds restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claims caused 30% or more loss in pension funds contributing to trillions in pension shortfall). As a result over $27T was done between 2001 & 2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

From the law of unintended consequences ... the lack of documentation leads to the TBTF having to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the (missing) documents.

If that wasn't enough, they also started doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... creating enormous demand for dodgy loans.

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

from Merchants of Doubt,
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

pg47/loc1209-14:
Team B's Claims turned out to be more than a little exaggerated. Later analyses would show that the Soviet Union had not achieved strategic superiority, they had not implemented a missile defense system beyond their single Moscow installation, and they certainly never achieved the ability to dictate U.S. policy. One anecdote perhaps tells the whole story: A few years after the Soviet Union collapsed, one of Teller's proteges toured a site that the Team B panel had believed was a Soviet beam-weapon test facility; it turned out to be a rocket engine test facility. It had nothing at all to do with beam weapons.

... snip ...

and National Insecurity
http://www.amazon.com/National-Insecurity-American-Militarism-Media-ebook/dp/B00ATLNI04/

pg248/3534-40:
The Team B experience was the first instance of institutionalized militarization of intelligence imposed on the CIA from the White House. The first instance of the CIA's internal militarization of intelligence took place in the 1980s, when President Reagan appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bill Casey, to be CIA director, and Casey appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bob Gates, to be his deputy. Casey and Gates combined to "cook the books" on a variety of issues, including the Soviet Union, Central America, and Southwest Asia, tailoring intelligence estimates to support the military policies of the Reagan administration. After he left the CIA in 1993, Gates admitted that he had become accustomed to Casey "fixing" intelligence to support policy on many issues. He did not describe his own role in support of Casey.

pg261/loc3722-24:
Cheney and Rumsfeld resorted to the same technique they had used in 1976, when they had worked for President Ford. In the 1970s, they had created Team B at the CIA in order to politicize intelligence on Soviet military power. In 2002, they politicized intelligence in order to take the country to war against Iraq.

... snip ...

Prophets of War
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

pg134/loc2273-74:
Another Team B member who was to make his mark later, under the administration of George W. Bush, was Paul Wolfowitz.

Rumsfield white house chief of staff 74-75 (and supposedly organized replacement of CIA director), then when he becomes SECDEF, 75-77, he is replaced by one of his staffers, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

... snip ...

Other accounts have Iraq invasion planning starting before 9/11

going back to support for Iraq
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war#Support
President Ronald Reagan initiated a strategic opening to Iraq, signing National Security Study Directive (NSSD) 4-82 and selecting Donald Rumsfeld as his emissary to Hussein, whom he visited in December 1983 and March 1984.[13] According to U.S. ambassador Peter W. Galbraith, far from winning the conflict, "the Reagan administration was afraid Iraq might actually lose."[14]

... snip ...

vampire squid
http://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America-ebook/dp/B003F3FJS2/

has chapter on huge spike in oil price summer of 2008. CFTC had rule that players had to have significant position in order to play because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price moves (speculators make money on volatility price changes, pump&dump on the way up and short on the way down). Then 19 "secret letters" are sent out allowing selected speculators to play ... which resulted in the huge oil spike 2008 (one of the largest players was formally headed by the then secretary of treasury).

Then 2011, a senator releases transaction detail showing speculators responsible for the huge oil spike 2008. Then lots of stuff in the press how the senator violated the privacy of the corporations showing that they were responsible for huge 2008 oil spike. This topic shows up in some of the recent trade treaty negotiations with clauses that would prevent divulging such information.

griftopia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 08 Jun 2015 13:22:36 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Sometimes I think computers shouldn't be so easy to use--certainly without the automated stuff where merely opening an email or website can start up a virus.

If all computer users had to take some decent training--like prospective drivers are supposed to do--maybe there'd be less problems.


two highway analogies made periodically made in the past 1) safety engineering of things associated with bad things happening and 2) license to operate a computer on the internet

safety engeneering has resulted in guardrails, crash zones, safety glass, safety belts, air bags, collapsable steering wheels, bumpers, padded dashboards, reengineered roads, etc. As each near series of safety engineering was introduced ... there were frequent arguments against it.

i've periodically commented on the most widely used platform started out as purely stand alone machine with no interconnect. A large number of applications, entertainment, games, etc ... grew up that took over the resources of the whole machine ... working directly with low level hardware. Then it expanded to closed, private, small business network/LANs ... where automatic code execution of stuff embedded in datafiles became common practice.

I periodically mention 1996 MSDC at mascone ... where all the banners said "internet" ... but the voiced theme in every session was constantly "preserve your investment" ... the paraigm of embedded code in datafiles automatically executed as well as games & other applications being able to take over the whole machine was preserved. Basically extended tqhe existing network support for small, private, closed, safe networks to the wild anarchy of the internet w/o any additional safety measures ... maybe like plucking somebody out of their shower and dropping them into the middle of WW1 battlefield (or some other extremely hostile environment).

Part of that resulted in the rise of lots of after-market products (virus scanners, etc) ... in the auto/highway environment ... aftermarket safety items are not considered sufficient solutions. Crash zones, bumpers, safety glass, air bags, seat belts had to be part of basic design ... not patched on afterwards.

Before he disappeared,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Gray_%28computer_scientist%29

Jim Gray con'ed me into interviewing for Chief Security Architect in Redmond ... the interview went on for a few weeks ... but we were unable to come to an agreement. past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#7 Hypervisors May Replace Operating Systems As King Of The Data Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#5 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#37 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#80 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#60 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#18 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#28 Computer virus strikes US Marshals, FBI affected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#22 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#20 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#15 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#56 Microsoft Wants 'Sick' PCs Banned From The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#24 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#72 *uix web security

past posts mentioning 96 MSDC at Moscone:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#49 Virus propagation risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#45 Computer programming was all about:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#22 Why did TCP become popular ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#34 Next generation processor architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#32 Frontiernet insists on being my firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#51 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#50 DOS C prompt in "Vista"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#18 Oddly good news week: Google announces a Caps library for Javascript
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#87 CompUSA to Close after Jan. 1st 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#26 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#43 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#63 who pioneered the WEB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#37 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#36 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#49 Abhor, Retch, Ignite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#50 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#58 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#57 Are Tablets a Passing Fad?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#59 The lost art of real programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#141 With cloud computing back to old problems as DDos attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#18 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#37 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#97 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#87 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#19 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#26 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#28 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#30 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 09 Jun 2015 09:29:23 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
They don't need it. Buying politicians is much more direct.

GLBA (repeal of Glass-Steagall was added creating too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail) initially passed along party lines and folklore is that president was going to veto it. They then went back and it eventually passes senate with veto-proof 90-8 and the president signs it. Comment was that wallstreet had spent $250M buying congress, approx. evenly divided between the two parties.

Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s congressional investigation into the crash of '29 that resulted in criminal convictions, jail time and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that there was some expectation that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington, also there may be only 2-3 members of congress that haven't been bought). Local washington news now will periodically refer to congress as "Kabuki Theater" ... that what is seen publicly has nothing to do with what really goes on (including apparent conflict between the two parties is misdirection for the public).

"glass steagall"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Kabuki Theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 09 Jun 2015 13:52:41 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Thank Congress. They reamed the PO with financial requirements that no other employer in the world has to meet. There is a contingent in Congress that wants to destroy the PO, pretty much the same ones as want to destroy Social Security.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#36 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

I don't think that congress directly wants to destroy anything ... they are being paid by special interests to do things ... special interests wants the post-office business, wallstreet wants all the big retirement funds (social security, private pension funds ... its like the bank robber asked why he robs banks ... and the reply is that is where the money is).

They were able to make big dent in private pension funds that were restricted to only doing *SAFE* investments ... by paying for triple-A ratings on toxic CDOs (some claims that the large private pension funds have taken 30% hit from this). toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Even tho the SS trust fund has been looted for $2.7T ... there is still a large amount that flows in & out each month that they could skim. recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#4 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#7 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#40 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#62 Medicare Part B premiums increasing up to 30%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#66 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#68 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#75 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#82 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Claims are that wallstreet can charge much higher fees on 401k individual accounts than they were able to with the negotiated fees with the large managed pension funds. It is also much easier to churn accounts (illegal behavior doing transactions purely to increase fees). Big corporations were cooperating because the move to 401k was part of significantly reducing their retirement expense. Reference here:
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

other recent posts mentioning Retirement Heist:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#51 bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#54 National Security and Double Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#58 Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#15 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#32 PEU Report: Obama's Intelligence Oversight Board a Corporate Lot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#63 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 09 Jun 2015 14:53:44 -0700
hancock4 writes:
There are some elements in Congress, who, for various reasons, certainly DO want to destroy various government programs.

It is an article of faith among tea partiers that Amtrak is evil, even responsible for the Federal deficit (many columnists have claimed so). The Corporation for Public Broadcasting and National Endowment for the Arts are also on their target list.

Part of the hatred (and I chose that word) is based on ideologically fervor based on pure nonsense. Part of it is based on private interests lobbying in the background for a cut in the action or elimination of competition (as you said.)

Regarding the post office, Congress does impose ridiculous demands that are expensive, hurting the efficiency. They've done so to Amtrak, too.


re: re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#36 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

all what local DC press periodically refers to as "Kabuki Theater" ... its all show for the public
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

"destorying" government agencies & programs goes along with the enormous upswing in outsourcing that occured last decade. Part of the issue is gov agencies aren't allowed to lobby congress ... ref from today
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2015/06/20150609-navy-officials-may-have-illegally-lobbied-on-sub-fund.html

... but some folklore outsourcing to "for-profit" commpanies that standard expectation is 10% of approprations evenly split between lobbiests and congress.

older reference that 70% of intelligence budget and over half the people is going to for-profit companies
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

above also ref to upswing in private-equity doing LBO of these for-profit companies ... private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

goes along with Success of Failure ... where there is total appropriation to beltway bandits by having a series of failures (I've joked that they are using computer gaming software originally developed for winning military scenarios adopted to maximizing revenue)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

there is quite a bit witten about revolving door between pentagon and military industrial complex corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

and financial regulatory agencies and wallstreet ... but there is also revolving door with private equity ... recent CIA director resigned in disgrace is now directly at major private equity company (previously the practice was to join beltway bandit that had been acquired by private equity company)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
Date: 09 June, 2015
Blog: Facebook
During the S&L crisis, securitized mortgages were used to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was large office bldgs in DFW area that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as a countermeasure.

However, in the early part of the century, the sellers found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps documents and they could now do no-down, no-documentation lair loans, pay for triple-A and sell to customers ... including large institutional funds restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claims caused 30% or more loss in pension funds contributing to trillions in pension shortfall). As a result over $27T was done between 2001 & 2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

From the law of unintended consequences ... the lack of documentation leads to the TBTF having to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the (missing) documents.

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

If that wasn't enough, they also started doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... creating enormous demand for dodgy loans. After the crash, AIG was largest holder of CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar. The secretary of treasury steps in and forces AIG to sign document saying AIG can't sue those placing the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at 100cents on the dollar (largest recipient is institution formally headed by the secretary of treasury) .

The real-estate market was the equivalent to the '29 stock market crash. The easy loans (lenders no longer had to care about borrowers' qualifications since they could unload every mortgage almost as soon as they made it regardless of quality since it was all hidden by the bought & paid for "triple A" ratings) turned lots of markets "hot" and speculators moved in fueling the frenzy (and wallstreet was happy to support the churn). A typical 20-30% hot real estate market with no-down (no-document) one percent liar loan ... yields 2000% ROI. I remember sitting in south florida watching real-estate agents take around parties of 20-30 speculators at a time. Story was that the baby boomers would be starting to retire, selling their million dollar mcmansions and moving to florida with all that money burning holes in their pockets (the speculators were being told they could fleece the retiring baby boomers ... just as soon as the real-estate agents & builders fleeced them).

#1 on times list of those responsible ... where an enormous number of fraudulent loans originated:
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-20/countrywide-s-mozilo-said-to-face-u-s-suit-over-loans.html
and
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

... and by former head of FDIC large bank examination ... caught WaMu early on and reported up through the chairman of FDIC, was demoted and then let go ... still fighting a whistleblower action:
http://www.amazon.com/American-Betrayal-John-Doe-ebook/dp/B00BKZ02UM/

whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

but the tens of trillions wouldn't have been possible without wallstreet unloading them with triple-A ratings on their victim clients.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
Date: 10 June, 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

Local washington DC press will periodically refer to congress as Kabuki Theater ... what you see publicly has little to do with what really goes on ... and in fact apparent conflict between the two parties is obfuscation and misdirection.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (some reference that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (some comments about enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington, possible only 2-3 members of congress haven't been bought by special interests).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

There are lots of similarities between wallstreet criminal activity in the stock market crash of '29 (and people on wallstreet getting jailterms) and the wallstreet criminal activity in the recent real estate market crash (and nobody doing jailtime).

In fact, the recent economic mess is 70 times larger than the S&L crisis where there was 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with people doing jailtime). This time there has been *NO* criminal referrals and nobody doing jailtime.

In the early part of the century, the "Mortgage Bankers Association" hosted some financial standards meetings in their new bldg, across the park from World Bank and IMF bldgs in DC on electronic documents ... apparently in support of what became MERS and part of the "no-documents" liar loans. Some of MERS is also related to all the fraud settlements with regard to the robo-signing mills that were setup to fabricate missing documents.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortgage_Electronic_Registration_Systems

Later CBS had news segment on "Mortgage Bankers Association" having lots of press releases telling home owners not to walk away from their underwater mortgages ... and trying to ask the head of the organization why they walked away from the mortgage on their Washington DC headquarters. They had also worked with FBI to make sure that the definition of "mortgage fraud" *ONLY* applied to borrowers and didn't mention lender "mortgage fraud".

past posts mentioning MERS and/or robo-signing mills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#38 The Death of MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#49 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#10 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#8 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#13 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#68 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#55 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#12 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#7 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#69 Can Open Source Ratings Break the Ratings Agency Oligopoly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#63 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#68 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#73 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#80 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#9 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#57 What the Orgy of "Lehman Five Years On" Stories Missed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#58 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#70 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#111 Maine Supreme Court Hands Major Defeat to MERS Mortgage Registry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#14 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#0 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#3 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#16 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#21 Senate Democrats vs. the Middle Class; Senators elected in 2008 made Obama's agenda possible, and its results have harmed most Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#48 The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#90 NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#20 $2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#22 Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#49 Global Fragility and the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#53 Servicers in DOJ s Crosshairs Following JPM Robo-Signing Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#88 How Wall Street captured Washington's effort to rein in banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#4 "Trust in digital certificate ecosystem eroding"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#5 7 years on from crisis, $150 billion in bank fines and penalties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#18 Can we design machines to automate ethics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#20 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
Date: 10 June, 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

Note that current TBTF fines & fees is claimed to have hit $300B ... but nobody doing jailtime. However when it became apparent that the $700B TARP funds couldn't address the problem, Federal Reserve started providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. Claim is that TBTF is making $300B/year off ZIRP funds, which more than offsets the total fines and fees so far ... not to mention what they pocketed during the economic mess. Some claim that redirecting the "mortgage market" through wallstreet during the economic mess, resulted in wallstreet tripling in size (as percent of GDP) during last decade. Note however, that the $300B in fines&fees so far isn't just for their illegal activity in the mortgage market ... but also includes other illegal activity, manipulating LIBOR, manipulating Foreign Exchange market, manipulating commodities market, money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, role in large scale client tax evasion, etc.

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

other trivia ... one of the reasons that we were included in the "Mortgage Bankers Association" financial standards meetings ... was that earlier we had been brought in to help wordsmith the Cal. state electronic signature act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortgage_Electronic_Registration_Systems#Electronic_signatures_and_notarizations

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 10 Jun 2015 12:09:47 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Been that way for quite a while. I started doing online payments a few months ago while I was out of town. I can put in the names and addresses of payees, and then decide when and how much to pay them (each time I make a payment). The bank does EFT for most and otherwise cuts them a paper check and mails it. No cost to me. This is a smallish local bank, so I'd assume everyone has this by now.

as I periodic mentiong, mid-90s at financial industry conferences there were presentations by consumer dial-up online banking operations about motivations moving to internet ... primary motivation was significant customer support costs running proprietary dial-up operations ... which they effectively could offload on ISPs. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup-banking

In the same conferences, the cash management/commerical dial-up banking operations said that they would *NEVER* move to the internet because of the significant security issues ... many that continue to this day ... although most of the commercial operations have since moved to the internet anyway.

part of the issue is that there is much more consumer protection involving fraudulent activity with dail-up banking that don't apply to commercial accounts. Fraud involving commercial accounts have periodically resulted in recommendations that commercial operations have a dedicated PC that is *ONLY* used for online banking and *NEVER* used for anything else (semi-reverting to pre-internet operation).

item from today

European authorities bust cybercrime gang that hijacked business payments
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2933933/european-authorities-bust-cybercrime-gang-that-hijacked-business-payments.html

past posts mentioning recommendation for commercial/business online banking dedicated PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#6 Online Banking & Password Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#38 U.K. bank hit by massive fraud from ZeuS-based botnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#82 Nearly $1,000,000 stolen electronically from the University of Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#87 Nearly $1,000,000 stolen electronically from the University of Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#9 'Here you have' email worm spreads quickly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#47 ZeuS attacks mobiles in bank SMS bypass scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#22 An online bank scam worthy of a spy novel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#48 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#4 1st round in Internet Account Fraud World Cup: Customer 0, Bank 1, Attacker 300,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#65 US Business Banking Cybercrime Wave: Is 'Commercially Reasonable' Reasonable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#40 Banks blocking more fraudulent money transfers from hijacked business accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#40 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#61 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#18 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#59 Bank Sues Customer Over ACH/Wire Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#73 Is it time to consider a stand-alone PC for online banking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#94 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#32 Use another browser - Kaspersky follows suit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#49 Regulator Tells Banks to Share Cyber Attack Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#22 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#98 Cybersecurity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#61 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#19 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#26 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#28 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#30 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#38 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
Date: 10 June, 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#41 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

Note that routing over $27T between 2001&2008 thru wallstreet as (triple-A rated) securitized loans (even when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) would have allowed them to skim $3T to possibly $5T during the period, that is in addition to what they were taking in from their other illegal activity (manipulating libor and other markets, money laundering, etc) plus the some $300B/annum they are now making off tens of trillions in ZIRP funds ... easily dwarfs the $300B that has cost them so far (plus it hits the company ... not the individuals responsible and nobody doing jail time).

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

past posts mentioning ZIRP funds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#4 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#10 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#89 Forbes perspective on IBM's troubles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#94 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#3 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#4 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#6 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#11 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#23 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#29 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#43 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#70 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jun 2015 09:22:30 -0700
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
Then kill a corporation that commits a capital crime and endict the relevant officers for aiding and abetting. Use the assets to compensate the victims, and apply the rest to paying down the debt.

recent news item that total fines & fees have hit $300B for TBTF since economic mess.

That is for more than the $27T in (triple-A rated toxic) securitized loans 2001-2008, the CDS gambling bets that securitized loans (designed to fail) would fail, but also manipulating LIBOR, manipulating foreign exchange, manipulating commodities markets, hundreds of billions in qmoney laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, aided tax evasion on trillions of dollars hidden overseas, etc.

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.havens
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

All would fall under racketerring/RICO statutes which allow taking triple the amounts involved ... aka easily hits hundred trillion.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racketeer_Influenced_and_Corrupt_Organizations_Act

There are periodic references is that even at $300B fines and fees it is just viewed being viewed as cost of doing (illegal) business. They would have skimmed $3T to possibly $5T on all the stuff done 2001-2008 in addition to significant amounts on all the illegal activity since 2008. Also the estimate is that they have a $300B/yr benefit off the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds they get as execuse to keep them from failing ... aka part of where the too big to fail label came from. recent posts mentioning ZIRP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#70 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#41 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#43 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

Not being shutdown and the individuals not going to jail also gave rise to too big to prosecute and too big to jail.

One of the gimmicks that the government has used is "deferred prosecution" ... sort of like probation; you don't get shutdown and put in jail if you keep clean for a number of years. The gimmick is that they keep repeatedly getting caught and the government pretends that previous "deferred prosecution" sanctions don't exist.

recent posts mentioning "deferred prosecution"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#10 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#80 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

one of the issues raised, is that statute of limitations has been expiring on lots of the illegal activity done last decade, however there are claims is that lots of the stuff would still fall under Sarbanes-Oxley ... aka the rhetoric in congress in the early part of the century was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives (and auditors) would do jail time. sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

I've periodic mentioned that possibly even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything and started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jail time). financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

also for comparison, the financial mess was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis where there was 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (this time there have been *NO* criminal referrals, *NO* criminal convictions, and nobody doing jailtime) ... including use of RICO during S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racketeer_Influenced_and_Corrupt_Organizations_Act#Michael_Milken

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jun 2015 10:07:08 -0700
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
I seem to recall reading something where someone used Linux from DVD for this purpose. Every time they needed to do some banking, they simply booted the DVD, and then everything was gone when they rebooted the computer to it's normal state.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#42 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

a decade ago there were instructions for using virtual machines ... spin-up online banking from scratch ... and then it was wiped afterwards (sort of virtual approx. to the recommentation for business to use dedicated machine that is *NEVER* used for any other purpose).

a decade before that when we were doing payment gateway for electronic commerce ... there was defense in depth with several machines along the path using r/o media. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#payment

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Jun 2015 10:37:34 -0700
norman.hollander@DESERTWIZ.BIZ (Norman.Hollander) writes:
3088 Multi-System Channel-to-Channel I/O Control Unit. Bus and Tag, connecting 4 CPUs (IIRC). We used these (had to have 2 for redundancy) for JES2, VTAM, and CA-MIM connectivity. Also used to connect to VM systems (PVM, RSCS, and CA-MIM). Obsoleted by ESCON and Directors. May have a picture somewhere with a 3088 and 9032 (ESCON director). Without the 3088, you needed many dedicated channels on each processor.

3088/trouter could have up to eight arms. my wife had been con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture ... she wanted to have several enhancements for 3088/trouter (before announced) and was unable to get the enhancements to make it much more efficient. One of the reasons to her leaving ... along with frequent battles with the communication group trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation ... and little uptake of her full peer-coupled shared data architecture (except for IMS hot-standby, until sysplex). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

an example was an internal vm370 4341 8-way cluster effort ... that did a tweak and used full-duplex cluster coordination protocol with 3088/trouter. The communication group forced them to SNA/VTAM before release for customers, cluster coordination operations that had run in subsecond elapsed time was then taking upwards of 30seconds elapsed time over SNA/VTAM.

I've periodically mentioned in 1980, getting con'ed into doing channel extender support. The STL lab. was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg ... with remote access back to the STL datacenter. The group had been offerred remote 3270s ... but found the human factors intolerable (compared to what they had been use to with local 3270 direct channel attached controllers). The channel extended box allowed downloading channel programs to the remote site channel emulator ... enormously reducing the channel protocol chatter latency. this included using multiple subchannel addresses for full-duplex operations (asynchronous, continuous incoming and outgoing). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The hardware vendor tried to get IBM to let them release my support to customers ... but there was a group in POK playing with some serial stuff and they were afraid if it was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released.

A little later in the early 80s, NCAR
http://ncar.ucar.edu/

did a supercomputer filesystem using the same vendor hardware. They had IBM mainframe as NAS (network attached storage) controller with IBM DASD ... DASD controllers connected to the vendors emulated channel. Supercomputers would use the hardware as network interface to talk to IBM mainframe to request data. The IBM mainframe would download the channel program to the channel emulator box and then return the "handle" for the channel program to the requesting supercomputer. The supercomputers would then directly execute the channel program (data flowed directly between supercomputer and IBM DASD, with only IBM mainframe being involved in the control operation, the same hardware operates as both CTCA, processor-to-processor as well as processor-to-controller and included family of boxes interfacing to different kinds of processors, not just ibm mainframes). I would be periodically be contacted by Boulder branch because I was considered the IBM expert on the vendor hardware. I was also being asked IBM DASD questions because bldg. 14 disk engineering lab had also con'ed me into periodically playing disk engineer ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Later in 1988, I was asked to help LLNL
https://www.llnl.gov/

standardize some serial stuff they were working with ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ... it included sending i/o programs to remote end for execution and continuous, asynchronous incoming and outgoing (significantly reducing protocol overhead latency). The NCAR NAS stuff was also standardized as "3rd party transfers". By the time the POK serial stuff was released in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON, it was already obsolete.

Then some of the POK channel engineers get involved with fibre channel standard ... and define an enormously heavyweight protocol that reduces native FCS throughput that is eventually released as FICON ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

trivia ... in the 80s, concern about US competitiveness in the world motivated congress to pass legislation (including changing some anti-trust provisions) making it easier for gov. agencies and national labs. to work with companies to commercialize gov. technology (including several things from LLNL).

I've mentioned before in the late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stanglehold on datacenters with corporate responsibility for everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division tried to come out with several products to address the problem, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

As a work around to internal politics, the disk division took to investing in anything that might use IBM DASD ... including "Mesa Archival" ... the NCAR NAS spinoff, part of the push to commercialize gov. tech & improve US competitiveness ... and disk division executive would periodically ask us to go by and try and help them. "Mesa Archival" was working on moving from IBM mainframe to IBM RS/6000 and "3rd party" FCS operation (still using IBM disks).

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
Date: 12 June 2015
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/do-we-really-need-all-regulatory-oversight-peter-spiliotis

Start of the century rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives (and auditors) did jail time ... however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings (even showing increase after sarbanes-oxley goes into effect, *and* nobody doing jailtime). There were complaints about the increase in auditing burden imposed by Sarbanes-Oxley but the jokes were that it was just full employment gift to the audit industry and nothing would actually change.

Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new regulations might be needed ... much more important would be transparency and visibility (i.e. SEC wasn't using the regulatory authority it already had).

Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

In the congressional rating agency hearings into the major role that rating agencies played in the financial mess ... there was testimony that the rating agency business model had become misaligned and it was much harder to provide oversight when business entities are motivated to do the wrong thing (i.e. testimony that ratings were for the benefit of the buyers, but the sellers were paying the rating agencies for triple-A rating, even when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A). As an aside, Sarbanes-Oxley from early in the century also had additional provisions for SEC to do something about the rating agencies (in addition to SEC was suppose to take action about public company fraudulent financial filings)

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Personal experience from the late 90s:

1) securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was large office bldgs in dallas/fort worth area that turned out to be empty lots). I was asked to look at improving the integrity of the supporting documents as a countermeasure. However the sellers then found they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (even when they and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents enabling no-documentation, liar loans ... and with no-documentation ... there was no longer an issue with supporting documentation integrity.

then from the law of unintended consequences, the TBTF have to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents.

also if that wasn't enough, they start doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell to their customers, and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... greatly increasing the demand for dodgy loans.

2) I was also invited into NSCC (before merger with DTC creating DTCC) to look at improving the integrity of exchange trading transactions. I work on it for awhile and then was told it was being suspended because a side-effect of the improved integrity was much greater transparency and visibility ... something that is antithetical to wallstreet culture (and highlighted in Madoff congressional testimony a decade later).

this is item last decade about wallstreet hasn't anything to worry about from SEC regarding illegal activity (slightly before HFT really kicks in)
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Being able to pay for triple-A ratings is the major factor in being able to do over $27T in period 2001-2008 and making the financial mess 70 times larger than the S&L crisis which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with jail time) ... this time there has been no criminal referrals or convictions. The over $27T routed through wallstreet would have allowed them to skim between $3T-$5T (along with the take on CDS gambling bets on triple-A toxic CDOs designed to fail)
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

By comparison since then there has been only a total of $300B in fines and fees so far ... but that isn't just for the illegal mortgages activity but lots of other illegal activity, manipulating LIBOR, manipulating foreign exchange, manipulating commodities, hundreds of billions in money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, facilitating hiding trillions of dollars offshore as part of tax evasion, etc. So the fines & fees would be well under 10% of their take and motivation for the articles that it has become just cost of doing (illegal) business; especially since it has been hitting the business and not the individuals and nobody doing jail time ... as well as the articles referring to too big to fail as too big to prosecute and too big to jail.

libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

One of the series of articles is about the use of "deferred prosecution" ... something like probation, they promise to never do it again or they will go to jail ... however they are repeatedly being caught in illegal activity ... and previous "deferred prosecutions" are being ignored.

In Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into the crash of '29, resulted in criminal convictions, jail time and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington, possibly only 2 or 3 in congress not on the take). During the Dodd-Frank legislative process there were series of articles about it was recognized that something publicly needed to be done ... but they were purposefully making it as complicated and unwieldy as possible to prevent it from ever being able to effectively deter illegal activity (industry was also caught drafting inclusions for the bill that they would then turn around and complain about).

"glass steagall"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

As an aside, local washington DC press would periodically refer to it as Kabuki Theater ... most of what you see publicly going on in congress has very little to do with what is really going on.

Kabuki Theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
Date: 12 Jun 2015
Blog: Facebook
These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/08/06/these-are-the-companies-abandoning-the-u-s-to-dodge-taxes/

They don't actually have to move hdqtrs offshore ... congress put in loopholes where they can just ship the profit offshore. Example: large US manufacturer would directly bill and directly ship to US distributors. With the loopholes, the hardware is sold to subsidiary in Luxembourg with no markup and then markup occurs in the sale from the Luxembourg subsidiary to US distributors (deal is cut with Luxembourg for next to no taxes) ... the hardware is still shipped directly.
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks

I've referenced before that in 2002, congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue). CDO 2010 report says that tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T (compared to fiscal responsibility act baseline budget) for $12T budget gap. In the middle of last decade, the US comptroller general started to include in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget).

2008 national tv news broadcast a segment of roundtable at annual economists conference. they proposed moving to flat tax as countermeasure to the enormous graft and corruption associated with the current tax codes. They made semi-humorous references to it would never happen because lobbyists and congress make way too much money off creating loopholes in the current infrastructure. Part of the discussion was that congress rather than making loopholes permanent would have loopholes only for short, fixed intervals ... so they can get reoccurring payments to renew the loopholes. Also the farce of disagreements between two parties helps drive up amount paid.

tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax haven, etc. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

as aside, sale of tax loopholes last decade amounting to trillions of dollars ... is claimed to qualify congress as the most corrupt institution on earth ... also congress are relatively cheap crooks, money for tax loopholes supposedly is by far the highest ROI ... trillions return on the billions spent buying congress

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jun 2015 18:45:42 -0700
US Government Admits 2nd "Chinese" Cyberhack Exposed Military Intel
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-06-12/us-government-admits-2nd-chinese-cyberhack-exposed-military-intel

from above:
The officials said they believe the hack into the security clearance database was separate from the breach of federal personnel data announced last week -- a breach that is itself appearing far worse than first believed. It could not be learned whether the security database breach happened when an OPM contractor was hacked in 2013, an attack that was discovered last year. Members of Congress received classified briefings about that breach in September, but there was no mention of security clearance information being exposed.

... snip ...

there was also major hack of classified military designs last decade ... including F35 ... although subsequent comments are that F35 is so bad, it possibly was purposeful to get advisary to waste resources (as opposed to everybody involved being extraordinarily incompetent) past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#62 America Is Basically Helpless Against The Chinese Hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#68 NBC's website hacked with malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#64 NBC's website hacked with malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#15 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#11 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#12 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#13 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#19 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#26 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#28 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#30 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#38 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#42 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#45 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

old amiga HVAC

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: old amiga HVAC
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 13 Jun 2015 09:41:23 -0700
sidd@situ.com (sidd) writes:
i have a soft spot for commodore, having used one to control a large magnet

and, i have played with radio modems in the days of yore (altho they were 9600 instead of 1200)

nice hack, worked for a while

http://woodtv.com/2015/06/11/1980s-computer-controls-grps-heat-and-ac/


20yrs ago, war dialing report (dialing every phone number in bay area) turned up large number of answering modems ... large number of systems with no passwords or manufacturer default passwords ... including large number of HVAC control systems with no passwords. Later on the east coast, there was financial industry attack where HVAC control system attack took down major financial datacenter for 24hrs (that on typical day would account for 30% of NYSE transactions).

past posts mentionin HVAC attack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#100 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating

other posts mentioning war dialing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#38 "war-dialing" etymology?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#41 "war-dialing" etymology?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#48 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#73 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#50 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#52 Wardialing statistics( was: "Cartons of Punch Cards" )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#62 Caches, was Wardialing statistics(
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#100 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dilbert 14June2015

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dilbert 14June2015
Date: 14 June 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/XY7tdHoqYqD

Dilbert 14June2015
http://dilbert.com/strip/2015-06-14

Beltway bandits have added a new dimension to this ... periodically disguised as "leave no money on the table" ... where they have a series of failures that increases the total money spent (compared to having immediate success). I've periodically wondered if they haven't adapted computer war gaming technology for exploring ways to maximize revenue:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 09:28:43 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
I think that choosing the representatives in one chamber by Ranked Choice Voting in single member districts, and using Proportional Representation with the party-list system for the other chamber, one could get a system that was not biased in favor of one political direction, but which addresses the issues that both systems try to help with.

some articles that rise in republican majority in congress was decade long program of gerrymandering districts in states
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerrymandering_in_the_United_States

...

The GOP and ALEC's War on Cities
http://www.beyondchron.org/the-gop-and-alecs-war-on-cities/
Racial Gerrymandering -- As Bad as the Other Kind
http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2015/06/11/racial-gerrymandering-as-bad-as-the-other-kind/
Wisconsin's "Shameful" Gerrymander of 2012
http://www.prwatch.org/news/2013/02/11968/wisconsins-shameful-gerrymander-2012
Election Rigging, Dark Money in Cantor's "Upset" Loss to Koch Stealth Candidate
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/24501-election-rigging-dark-money-in-cantors-upset-loss-to-koch-stealth-candidate

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 09:57:18 -0700
hardware (& software) is being driven to commoditization

How Facebook is eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.businessinsider.com/facebook-open-compute-project-history-2015-6

internet growth (ubiquitous connectivity) has been enabler for big computing farms and cloud computing ... part of commoditization ... sort of old-time service bureau

I've mentioned before we were suppose to get $20M to tie together NSF supercomputing centers ... congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and NSF releases RFP (based in part on what we had been doing). Internal politics prevent us from bidding, director of NSF writes company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes internal politics worse.

As regional networks tie into the centers, it morphs into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet. That also gives rise to "grid computing" (massively growing compute farm datacenters) ... major precursor to cloud computing

Grid Computing
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

Part of this I trace back to getting con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks for LLNL that was looking at 70 4341s for compute farm ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

we were then doing cluster scaleup as part of HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
... working on both commercial ... reference to early Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
as well as working with gov. agencies and national labs (including LLNL) ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

Within few weeks after the Ellison meeting, the cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. 17Feb1992 press on supercomputer announce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press on IBM *surprised* by gov. agencies and national lab (including LLNL) interest in cluster computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

old NSFNET related email (including reference to conflict with cluster scaleup meetings and presentation to NSF director)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
past NSFNET related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
past Internet related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

related posting in ibm-main ... i'm still having problems updating garlic.com personal web pages ... so my 2nd post in this ibm-main archived thread at google
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/bY9Jn4zm4xs

for some reason large part of post, google archive seems to default as part of "quoted text" (need to click on "show quoted text" to get first part of post). hopefully some day soon, it shows up here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#46 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"
Date: 15 June 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/3uU9qXDD7VS

In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-06-15/dramatic-decision-judge-finds-fed-bailout-aig-was-illegal-government-violated-federa

News articles at the time was that AIG was negotiating to pay off the CDS gambling bets at 50-60 cents on the dollar. Then secretary of treasury steps in and forces them to sign document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and forcing them to take TARP funds to pay off the bets at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds, and the largest recipient of CDS gambling bet payoffs was the company formally headed by secretary of treasury).

Earlier wall street had found that it could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell to their customers and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... which also created enormous demand for dodgy loans

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

recent references to AIG & TARP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#48 The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#20 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#70 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jun 2015 13:39:33 -0700
hancock4 writes:
For instance, traditional mass market department stores are hurting, while discounters like Target and Walmart took away their business. Yes, there were always discount stores around, but Target and Walmart were nicer than the old style schlock house and offered much better service. In other words, consumers didn't give up very much going to Target instead of, say, Macy's, Sears, or JC Penney, but saved money.

walmart did huge investments in big data systems, logistics, supply chain, just-in-time, etc ... enormously cutting lots of infrastructure overheads and attempting to make sure that they had timely delivery of the things selling at each store.

Rhetoric on floor of congress was the primary purpose of GLBA (now better known for repeal of glass-steagall) was that if you already had a federal banking charter you get to keep it, but if you don't already have a federal banking charter you can't get one (attempting to block new competition ... specifically calling out walmart; national banking has enormous fat, overhead, and profits ... TBTF had grave concern that walmart would do to them what it did to retail).

disclaimer: we went to a number of meetings in fayetteville to discuss the subject with the guy that was looking at doing financial services. he said that in walmart customer surveys, the #1 requested (new) item was financial services.

Walmart accounts for something like 25-30% of retail store transactions and similar precentage of payment card transactions. Their (TBTF, national) merchant/acquiring bank makes an enormous amount in interchange fees off those transactions. When walmart announced it was going to buy an ILC (as work around to GLBA) in order to become its own merchant/acquiring bank, there was large national press campaign calling for community banks to lobby congress against letting walmart buy the ILC (because of the enormous threat that it would be to all the community banks in the country). Becoming its own merchant/acquiring bank would have no effect on community banks ... but it would represent an enormous revenue hit to its existing TBTF merchant/acquiring financial institution.

glass-steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

past posts mentioning WALMART & ILC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#42 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#47 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#7 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#12 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#19 Does anyone know of merchants who have successfully bypassed interchange costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#77 Financial Regulatory Reform - elimination of loophole allowing special purpose institutions outside Bank Holding Company (BHC) oversigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#1 Is it possible to have an alternative payment system without riding on the Card Network platforms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#70 Post Office bank account 'could help 1m poor'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#32 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#62 blasts from the past -- old predictions come true
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#63 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#28 The Durbin Amendment Ignites a Lobbying Frenzy on Capitol Hill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#38 Google scares Aussie banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#84 Support Senator Warren's Postal Banking Proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#46 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Possible Pentagon destruction of evidence in NSA leak case probed

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Possible Pentagon destruction of evidence in NSA leak case probed
Date: 16 June 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/H3dU1aU187s

Possible Pentagon destruction of evidence in NSA leak case probed
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2015/06/15/269866/possible-pentagon-destruction.html

Part of the Success Of Failure story
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

past Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jun 2015 13:21:44 -0700
Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://hightechforum.org/inaugural-podcast-dave-farber-grandfather-of-the-internet/
1. The Internet used to be a completely trusted environment. Now it's not 2. The personal computer, not the Web, caused the explosion of the Internet 3. Computer science programs need to expand their focus. 4. The current net neutrality rules could drastically hurt innovation.

... snip ...

i periodically pontificate about internet "explosion" ... i.e. the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or possibly early '86.

the internal network had a form of gateway from just about the beginning. arpanet was saddled with the tightly controlled IMPs ... at the time of the great change over to tcp/ip on 1Jan1983, there were approx. 100 IMPs and 255 connected hosts ... by comparison the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes.

In fact, for a time the corporate sponsored univ. network (using a form of the internal network technology) was also larger than the arpanet/internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

IBM/PCs saw rapid early uptake as 3270 terminals ... a large corporation with business justification for tens of thousands of 3270 terminals could switch to IBM/PC ... single desktop footprint, 3270 dumb terminal emulation and some local computing ... for about the same cost ... little or no (additional) business justification required.

then going into the mid-80s, the communication group was fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to preserve its dumb terminal paradigm and install base. internal network was still limited to mainframe nodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

... while the internet was starting to see workstations and PCs appearing as nodes. some past internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

post listing internal (world-wide) locations that added one or more network nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address

the communication group was also active in dirty tricks and mis-information ... including discussions about how sna/vtam could be used for NSF (tcp/ip) networking ... some old NSFNET related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

somebody had been collecting the sna/vtam mis-information email and forwarded us a copy ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

for other comments ... the original mainframe tcp/ip product had been implemented in vs/pascal (i've commented that it had none of the buffer/length exploits that have been epidemic in C-language implementations). For various reasons/stratagies, the throughput was horribly crippled ... getting about 44kbyte/sec peak throughput using full 3090 processor. I did the changes to supporf RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research, got channel (1mbyte/sec) sustained between 4341 and Cray ... using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
Date: 16 June 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/e6u4tPcsc45

Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/06/time-to-fire-mary-jo-white-sec-covers-up-for-bank-capital-accounting-scam-promoted-by-her-former-firm-debevoise.html

If Elizabeth Warren Is Already Angry at Mary Jo White, Wait Until She Hears About This
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2015/06/if-elizabeth-warren-is-already-angry-at-mary-jo-white-wait-until-she-hears-about-this/

from above:
Now, Wall Street On Parade has uncovered a major new area of concern. For more than two years now, SEC Chair Mary Jo White has been aware that the most dangerous banks on Wall Street, which are publicly traded securities, have been engaging in "capital relief trades" with hedge funds and private equity firms to dress up the appearance of stronger capital while keeping the deteriorating assets on their books. But neither White nor her Director of Enforcement, Andrew Ceresney, have put a halt to the practice.

... snip ...

The Whites Go to the SEC: Why Wall Street Still Owns Washington
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2013/03/the-whites-go-to-the-sec-why-wall-street-still-owns-washington/
GAO Report: SEC Is Bungling Collection and Accounting of Billions in Fines
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2014/11/gao-report-sec-is-bungling-collection-and-accounting-of-billions-in-fines/
SEC Chair Mary Jo White Earns the Wrath of the Media for Refusing to Acknowledge High Frequency Trading Perks as a Crime
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2014/05/sec-chair-mary-jo-white-earns-the-wrath-of-the-media-for-refusing-to-acknowledge-high-frequency-trading-perks-as-a-crime/less

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why major financial institutions are growing their use of mainframes

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Why major financial institutions are growing their use of mainframes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jun 2015 10:32:41 -0700
marktregan@GMAIL.COM (Mark Regan) writes:
"I recently learned about a bank in Japan that has been using a mainframe since the 1970's without a single second of downtime. Its architecture allows for full software and hardware upgrades without an outage."

i periodically mention that my wife had been con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

She didn't say very long, in part because of on-going periodic battles with communication group trying to force her to use sna/vtam for loosely-coupled operation, as well as very little uptake (at the time) ... except for IMS hot-standby.

Around the turn of the century, we would periodically drop in on the person that ran large financial transaction operation (33 liberty st, nyc) ... and he credited 100% uptime to
1) automated operator 2) IMS hot-standby

... he had triple replicated IMS hot-standby operation at geographic separated sites.

slight topic drift ... when Jim Gray left IBM Research for Tandem, he palmed off bunch of stuff on me ... DBMS consulting with the IMS group, interfacing with BofA, early adopter of original relational/SQL implementation, etc ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

At tandem he did study of what was causing outages. One of the things he found was that hardware reliability was getting to point where it was responsible for decreasing percentage of outages and other factors were starting to dominate ... software faults, people mistakes, environmental issues like power outages, floods, earthquakes, etc). summary/overview
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

later we were doing IBM's (RS/6000) HA/CMP ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and working on both commercial, DBMS ... old reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

as well as technical with gov. agencies and national labs ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

While out marketing HA/CMP, I coined the terms geographic survivability and disaster survivability to differentiate from disaster/recovery ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

On the commercial side, the mainframe DB2 group were complaining if I was allowed to continue ... it would be at least five years ahead of them. Shortly later, the cluster scaleup part was transferred and announced as the IBM supercomputer for technical and scientific *ONLY* (and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2015 15:00:57 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
Britain did that long ago. <https://www.gov.uk/complain-about-a-limited-company>

A Billion-Dollar Bank Fraud in Moldova, and 20,000 Opaque British Corporations
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/06/the-bank-fraud-in-moldova-and-20000-opaque-british-corporations.html

city of london, some 9k "human" voters, 32k "corporate" voters, and world center for tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
and money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

some past posts specific mentiong "city of london"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#3 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#26 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#0 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#6 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#39 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#93 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#124 Commissioner Adrian Leppard calls for legislation to compel the banking system to report fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#8 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#56 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2015 15:18:28 -0700
hancock4 writes:
The agency that allowed hackers linked to China to steal private information about nearly every federal employee -- and detailed personal histories of millions with security clearances -- failed for years to take basic steps to secure its computer networks, officials acknowledged to Congress on Tuesday.

http://www.sfgate.com/business/technology/article/Cybertheft-of-personnel-info-rips-hole-in-6329505.php


there was apparent recent misdirection, claims that russia and china had broken encryption that snowden had used for all the documents he walked off with ... and that compromised secret agents (which were having to be pulled out) .... however, it appears that it actually was that the intruders got PII & security clearance records of agents (resulting in them having to be pulled out).

The Sunday Times' Snowden Story is Journalism at its Worst -- and Filled with Falsehoods
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/14/sunday-times-report-snowden-files-journalism-worst-also-filled-falsehoods/

and

UK Said To Withdraw Spies After Russia, China Hack Snowden Encryption, Sunday Times Reports
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-06-14/uk-said-withdraw-spies-after-russia-china-hack-snowden-encryption-sunday-times-repor
Edward Snowden's Leaked NSA Documents Have Been Decoded By Russia And China That Have Resulted In The Cancellation Of British And U.S. Intelligence Operations
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2015/06/edward-snowdens-leaked-nsa-documents.html
Britain pulls out spies as Russia, China crack Snowden files: report
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/14/us-britain-security-idUSKBN0OT0XF20150614
Russia, China reportedly crack Snowden's files, identify US, UK spies
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2935794/russia-china-reportedly-crack-snowdens-files-identify-us-uk-spies.html
Russia, China reportedly crack Snowden's files, identify US, UK spies
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2935792/russia-china-reportedly-crack-snowdens-files-identify-us-uk-spies.html
Russia and China cracked Snowden's files, identified U.S., UK spies
http://www.computerworld.com/article/2935558/cybercrime-hacking/russia-and-china-cracked-snowdens-files-identified-us-uk-spies.html
MI6 withdraws spies after Russia and China gain access to Edward Snowden files
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/mi6-withdraws-spies-after-russia-china-gain-access-edward-snowden-files-1506022
Out from the cold: Snowden leaks forced British spies' pullout from Russia, China
http://rt.com/news/267067-british-spies-russia-china/
Reports: Britain pulls out spies after Russia, China crack Snowden files
http://www.dw.de/reports-britain-pulls-out-spies-after-russia-china-crack-snowden-files/a-18516167
'Snowden risked lives' fearfest story prompts sceptical sneers
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/06/15/russia_china_cracked_snowden_cache_controversy/
British spies 'moved after Snowden files read'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-33125068
Report: Russia and China Crack Encrypted Snowden Files
http://politics.slashdot.org/story/15/06/14/0441220/report-russia-and-china-crack-encrypted-snowden-files
China and Russia Almost Definitely Have the Snowden Docs
http://www.wired.com/2015/06/course-china-russia-snowden-documents/

and

Sunday Times Issues DMCA Takedown Notice To the Intercept Over Snowden Article
http://news.slashdot.org/story/15/06/16/228209/sunday-times-issues-dmca-takedown-notice-to-the-intercept-over-snowden-article
Sunday Times issues DMCA takedown notice to the Intercept over Snowden article
http://slashdot.org/submission/4527419/sunday-times-issues-dmca-takedown-notice-to-the-intercept-over-snowden-article
Sunday Times fires off copyright complaint slap at Snowden story critics
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/06/15/times_snowden_greenwald/

and

How much info did hackers steal on US spies? Try all of it
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/06/13/standard_form_86_data_breach/
US data breach is intelligence coup for China
http://phys.org/news/2015-06-breach-intelligence-coup-china.html
Dossiers on US spies, military snatched in 'SECOND govt data leak'
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/06/12/second_opm_data_breach/
U.S. now fears second major breach exposed more employee data
http://www.computerworld.com/article/2935357/cybercrime-hacking/us-now-fears-second-major-breach-exposed-more-employee-data.html
US fears second major breach exposed more employee data
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2935712/us-fears-second-major-breach-exposed-more-employee-data.html
US fears second major breach exposed more employee data
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2935713/us-fears-second-major-breach-exposed-more-employee-data.html
Hack of OPM reportedly exposed second set of much more sensitive data
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2015/06/hack-of-opm-reportedly-exposed-second-set-of-much-more-sensitive-data/
OPM Breach Scope Widens, Employee Group Blasts Agency For Not Encrypting Data
http://www.darkreading.com/informationweek-home/opm-breach-scope-widens-employee-group-blasts-agency-for-not-encrypting-data/d/d-id/1320848
Catching Up on the OPM Breach
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2015/06/catching-up-on-the-opm-breach/
Lawmakers worry US OPM breaches endanger national security
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2936854/lawmakers-worry-us-opm-breaches-endanger-national-security.html
Lawmakers worry US OPM breaches endanger national security
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2936852/lawmakers-worry-us-opm-breaches-endanger-national-security.html
Lawmakers fear recent U.S. gov't breaches endanger national security
http://www.computerworld.com/article/2936184/cybercrime-hacking/lawmakers-fear-recent-us-govt-breaches-endanger-national-security.html
Sex, lies and debt potentially exposed by U.S. data hack
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/15/us-cybersecurity-usa-exposure-idUSKBN0OV0CC20150615

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2015 16:52:53 -0700
"John Chance" <JCJC@gmail.com> writes:
Not now, plenty did in the run up to independence tho.

from 2010 "Churchill's Secret War: The British Empire and the Ravaging of India during World War II"
http://www.amazon.com/Churchills-Secret-War-British-Ravaging-ebook/dp/B003VTZXC2/

sort of like the claims that britain had the food that could have been shipped to ireland averting the irish famine ... but in this case it was possibly as much as 6mil indians (similar to number for the holocaust in ww2).

recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#56 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

this ref is that it was between 1.5m & 4m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
Date: 17 June 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/Ya1wvKfxs3M

12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/12-reasons-america-doesnt-win-its-wars/
Too many parties now benefit from perpetual warmaking for the U.S. to ever conclude its military conflicts.

... snip ...

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Order in Chaos: The Memoirs of General of Panzer Troops Hermann Balck, loc:4623-26:
The analysis of intelligence is probably the most complicated sphere of human action, one that requires a limitless amount of experience, knowledge of human nature, languages, geography, and character analysis--all skills that are more than rare. The Slavic institutes in the universities had an ominous influence because Hitler listened to them, and these institutes only presented what Hitler wanted to hear. Quidquid delirant reges plectuntur Achivi, or "The soldier has to suffer for it."

... snip ...

from National Insecurity pg248/3534-40:

The Team B experience was the first instance of institutionalized militarization of intelligence imposed on the CIA from the White House. The first instance of the CIA's internal militarization of intelligence took place in the 1980s, when President Reagan appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bill Casey, to be CIA director, and Casey appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bob Gates, to be his deputy. Casey and Gates combined to "cook the books" on a variety of issues, including the Soviet Union, Central America, and Southwest Asia, tailoring intelligence estimates to support the military policies of the Reagan administration. After he left the CIA in 1993, Gates admitted that he had become accustomed to Casey "fixing" intelligence to support policy on many issues. He did not describe his own role in support of Casey.

pg261/loc3722-24:

Cheney and Rumsfeld resorted to the same technique they had used in 1976, when they had worked for President Ford. In the 1970s, they had created Team B at the CIA in order to politicize intelligence on Soviet military power. In 2002, they politicized intelligence in order to take the country to war against Iraq.

... snip ...

and Merchants of Doubt, pg47/loc1209-14:

Team B's Claims turned out to be more than a little exaggerated. Later analyses would show that the Soviet Union had not achieved strategic superiority, they had not implemented a missile defense system beyond their single Moscow installation, and they certainly never achieved the ability to dictate U.S. policy. One anecdote perhaps tells the whole story: A few years after the Soviet Union collapsed, one of Teller's proteges toured a site that the Team B panel had believed was a Soviet beam-weapon test facility; it turned out to be a rocket engine test facility. It had nothing at all to do with beam weapons.

... snip ...

and Prophets of War pg134/loc2273-74:

Another Team B member who was to make his mark later, under the administration of George W. Bush, was Paul Wolfowitz.

... snip ...

Rumsfield white house chief of staff 74-75 (and supposedly organized replacement of CIA director), then when he becomes SECDEF, 75-77, he is replaced by one of his staffers, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

... snip ...

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jun 2015 10:04:19 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
I've referenced before baby boomer/bubble was 4times larger than the previous generation and twice as large as the following ... so as long as baby boomers were working and paying into the SS Trust Fund ... much more was flowing in than being paid out (presumably to build up total amount for when the baby boomers retired). The looting of $2.7T out of the SS trust fund ... leaves it to the "smaller" following generation to cover the missing funds.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#82 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Money Flows Out of 401(k) Plans as Baby Boomers Age; Withdrawals from 401(k) retirement plans exceed new contributions, a shift that could shake up U.S. retirement industry
http://www.wsj.com/articles/net-outflows-befall-401-k-plans-1434408836

aka baby boomers retiring so they stop paying into their 401Ks and start withdrawing ... following generation working & paying into their 401Ks is smaller so there is smaller NET being paid into plans ... than the baby boomers are withdrawing.

the issue with looting the SS Trust Fund is there is nothing left to withdraw ... it has to come out of the funds that the following generation is paying in ... the looting of the "SS Trust Fund" results in turning it into something akin to PONZI scheme ... since the PONZI operators have made off with the $2.7T (at least the 401Ks are different individual plans compared to the consolidated SS Trust Fund)

on the subject of retirement plans ... from today:
http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/06/18/the-last-jeb-killed-for-slavery-the-last-bush-killed-for-oil/

claims that during the Jeb days, Florida invested employee pension plan in ENRON ... so not only did the ENRON employees loose their pensions ... but also state of florida.

posts mentioning ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

other recent posts mentioning looting of SS Trust Fund and baby boomers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#33 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#4 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#7 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#40 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#57 email security re: hotmail.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#62 Medicare Part B premiums increasing up to 30%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#66 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#68 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#75 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jun 2015 17:07:13 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
In Richmond, next door to Vancouver, whites are already a minority.

It's greed that'll do us in. Rich investors from Hong Kong are welcomed with no questions asked - as long as they bring their money.


Chinese Now Top Foreign Buyers of U.S. Homes
http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2015/06/18/chinese-now-top-foreign-buyers-of-u-s-homes/

then there is "anchor babies"

Federal Agents Raid Alleged 'Maternity Tourism' Businesses Catering to Chinese
http://www.wsj.com/articles/us-agents-raid-alleged-maternity-tourism-anchor-baby-businesses-catering-to-chinese-1425404456

and Naked Official
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naked_official
America revealed as top spot for China's 'naked officials'
http://www.icij.org/blog/2014/08/america-revealed-top-spot-chinas-naked-officials

first part of 90s business trips to hong kong, 747s flying west coast to hong kong weren't full ... but returns flts were packed, explanation people leaving before turn-over.

there were stories from both vancouver (BC) and silicon valley where individual going around with real estate agent looking at homes ... and then buying multiple houses at a time and paying cash.

past posts mentioning business trips to hong kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#49 Withdrawal Announcement 901-218 - No More 'small machines'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#16 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#18 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#66 OT (sort-of) - Does it take math skills to do data processing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#54 Smartcards and devices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#33 [IBM-MAIN] NY Times editorial on white collar jobs going
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#20 I told you ... everybody is going to Dalian,China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#16 Outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#18 Outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#33 The 8008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#21 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#1 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#30 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#7 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#9 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#34 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#85 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#61 Study Finds Sharp Math, Science Skills Help Expand Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#14 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#19 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#42 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#27 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#1 My Funniest or Most Memorable Moment at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#4 Strings story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#55 Can outsourcing be stopped?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#71 What do you think is holding up the use of cellphone-initiated micro payments in the U.S.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#28 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#59 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#85 The Grand Message in the Conceptual Spiral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#95 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#66 fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#5 Remember 3277?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 10:47:50 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
We're at a very strange point in economics. Inflation is low now both because of the remnants of the crash but also because oil prices are artificially low. Ultimately the price of everything is driven by the cost of energy, so I expect that inflation will kick up as the price of oil goes back up.

there have been numerous article about changing/manipulation consumer price index in order to keep lid on cola.
http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article3135.html
http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article40165.html

If You Want To Know The Real Rate Of Inflation, Don't Bother With The CPI
http://www.forbes.com/sites/perianneboring/2014/02/03/if-you-want-to-know-the-real-rate-of-inflation-dont-bother-with-the-cpi/
"Why does the government want low inflation numbers?"

"The CPI doesn't even meet the government's definition of inflation"

"The CPI doesn't meet other government agency's inflation measurements either"


... snip ...

as an aside, griftopia had chapter on the spike in oil way over $100 the summer of 2008. recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#34 Ten Banks, Including JPM, Goldman, Deutsche, Barclays, SocGen And UBS, Probed For Gold Rigging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President

CFTC had rule that players had to have significant position in order to play because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price moves (speculators making money on price change, both up & down). Then 19 "secret letters" are sent out allowing selected speculators to play ... which resulted in huge spike in oil price summer 2008.

griftopia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

Then 2011, a senator releases transaction detail showing speculators responsible for the huge oil spike 2008. Then lots of stuff in the press how the senator violated the privacy of the corporations showing that they were responsible for huge 2008 oil spike.

This topic shows up in some of the recent trade treaty negotiations with clauses that would prevent divulging such information ... also corporations are "people" (and can vote)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#60 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

as an aside ... it is somewhat more related to necessities ... food, air, water. for some time, transportation, fertilizer, machinery (oil) was major cost component of food ... in part because air & water have been nearly free. Various droughts are changing some of that.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 10:12:02 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Congo/Zaire/Whatever was initially owned by the King of Belgium, and admininstred with a brutality hardly known elsewhere. No african was given any sort of responsible job, and after independence, the only ones capable of running it were assasinated. Ever since, they have been ruled by corrupt foreign-supported morons.

a couple past posts that reference "Botswana" being one of the few exceptions to the natural resource "curse" ...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#44 Kabuki Theater 1603-1629

Spence's "The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World"
http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/B004EPYWCO

claims in resource rich countries that there is epidemic of leaders pillaging the economy & resources ... making it difficult for developing resource rich countries to transition to stable democracies. loc:1966-67:
The Botswana case illustrates that the natural resource "curse," though pervasive, is not inevitable, and that leadership matters at crucial points.

... snip ...

other recent reference to Spence's book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#35 The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#36 The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World

and similar from Diamond's: Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
http://www.amazon.com/Guns-Germs-Steel-Societies-ebook/dp/B000VDUWMC

loc4781-82;
At worst, they function unabashedly as kleptocracies, transferring net wealth from commoners to upper classes.

... snip ...

other references to Botswana somewhat escaping the natural resource "curse"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

Churchill's book has reference to Iran having getting democratic elected government ... and the new government reversing the looting of Iran oil but not the subsequent by Kermit Roosevelt (aka CIA) to restore the Shah.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d'%C3%A9tat
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran
and to help keep him in power, US trained (including Norman Schwarzkopf)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#70 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

then after Shah was disposed in 1979 revolution ... US supporting Iraq. a little background, replacing CIA director that would go along
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

team b posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b


replacement CIA director then is VP ... at one point claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html
then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

those advisers/analysts are there for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 fabricate WMD justification. cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, they were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artilliary shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... takes nearly a decade beofre th information is declassified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

note corporate representatives had approached former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote in UN for invasion of iraq, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

"Economic Hit Man"
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266

has 1st world countries resorting to all sorts of scams for looting 3rd world countiries including revolutions that put in their "bought and paid for" dictators.

past "economic hit man" refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#70 Alan Grayson: Is Keith Alexander Selling Classified Information to the Banks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 10:52:52 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
The high end ES/9000s, the 9021s, (bi-polar, pre-CMOS, circa 1990), were OoO.

http://domino.watson.ibm.com/tchjr/journalindex.nsf/0/80350dcca8c0409e85256bfa0067fa7f?OpenDocument

Those were largely the last IBM non-CMOS mainframe, although they were no eclipsed in performance until the G4/G5 models.


end of acs360 ... ACS was killed because executives were afraid that it would advance state of the art too fast and they would loose control of the market. end of the article, discusses acs360 features that don't show up until more than 20years later in es9000
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 11:07:56 -0700
Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small However, a "step change in data storage" needed
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/06/19/cambridge_uni_hpc_as_a_service_storage/

mentions going from 30racks to 100racks ... but presumably they are also upgrading the processors in the racks for significantly more increase in power

past history
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

recent mention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#47 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#53 Clearly I'm Not Reading This Right

was forerunning to cloud computing and megadatacenters ... (millions of processors and hundreds of thousands of systems)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#7 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#8 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#10 FW: mainframe "selling" points -- Start up Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#15 A Private life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#25 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#91 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#19 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#28 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#12 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#21 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#45 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#60 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#66 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#23 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#24 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#32 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#62 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#63 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#70 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#53 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#56 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#50 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#33 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#38 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#71 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#108 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#53 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#20 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#24 IBM Opens New SoftLayer Data Center In Hong Kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#46 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#20 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#87 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#2 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official
Date: 19 June 2015
Blog: Facebook
Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official Attackers had valid user credentials and run of network, bypassing security.
http://arstechnica.com/security/2015/06/encryption-would-not-have-helped-at-opm-says-dhs-official/

Note that last decade there was an enormous uptick in gov. outsourcing (in fact current president had major item to reverse it in his original platform running for president) ... for instance 70% of current intelligence budget is for-profit companies. A large percentage of these companies where then put thru LBO by private-equity companies (which may use every scheme possible to loot money) ... this includes snowden's employer and many of the companies doing security clearances (including filling out paperwork w/o actually performing any sort of security check). Claim is over half corporate defaults are companies that have been put thru LBO (and looted). So it is trivial to find that they in turn, outsource to lowest bidder.

other trivia: president of AMEX is in competition to be the next CEO and wins (the looser leaves taking his protegee and goes to Baltimore, taking over what has been described as loan sharking business). AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the AMEX president to turn around RJR. IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being broken up into the 13 "baby blues". The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect IBM. Uses some of same techniques at IBM that had been used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Later the former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company which does LBO of company that employed Snowden:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

especially when they get paid for doing background checks but just fillout paperwork and skip the checks.

account of how private-equity turned LBO into similar to house flipping, except the loan stays with the company when it sells; they can even sell for much less than they paid and still walk away with boatloads of money (major factor in spike in corporate defaults).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 11:57:26 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
And many of those houses are standing empty. Here in Vancouver, housing is not seen as a place to live, but strictly as an investment. Those people who are so naive as to just want a place to live are being forced out as real estate speculation drives prices out of reach of all but the very rich. A few pundits voice concerns that the millennials are fleeing the city in search of affordable housing, but developers and realtors - and the politicians that they own - are fiercely proud of the fact that Vancouver's housing prices are now among the highest in the world.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#65 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

real estate speculators played role in the economic mess.

securitized mortgages had been used Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages ... but had limited market. In the late 90s we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as a countermeasure.

In the early part of the century, the sellers found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps documents and they could now do no-down, no-documentation lair loans, pay for triple-A and sell to customers ... including large institutional funds restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claims caused 30% or more loss in pension funds contributing to trillions in pension shortfall). As a result over $27T was done between 2001 & 2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

From the law of unintended consequences ... the lack of documentation leads to the TBTF having to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the (missing) documents.

If that wasn't enough, they also started doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... creating enormous demand for dodgy loans. After the crash, AIG was largest holder of CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar. The secretary of treasury steps in and forces AIG to sign document saying AIG can't sue those placing the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at 100cents on the dollar (largest recipient of CDS gambling payoffs was institution formally headed by the secretary of treasury) .

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

basically wallstreet needed lots of speculators (taking out liar loans) to generate that $27+T ... they wouldn't be paying cash. Speculators would get no-down, no-documentation 1% interest liar loans ... and in hot speculator real estate markets with 20-30% per annum ... would be 2000% (or better) ROI. Paying cash would just be 20% ROI rather than 2000% ROI.

I remember visiting southern florida and sitting in starbucks near new condo development ... and watching real estate agent taking tours of 20-30 people at a time around the bldgs. Real-estate agents and builders spin was that the baby boomers would be retiring, selling their million dollar mcmansions and moving to florida with enormous amount of money in their pockets ... and that the speculators could fleece the baby boomers of all that money (however, wallstreet was fleecing everybody with their triple-A rated toxic CDOs).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 16:23:25 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
basically wallstreet needed lots of speculators (taking out liar loans) to generate that $27+T ... they wouldn't be paying cash. Speculators would get no-down, no-documentation 1% interest liar loans ... and in hot speculator real estate markets with 20-30% per annum ... would be 2000% (or better) ROI. Paying cash would just be 20% ROI rather than 2000% ROI.

I remember visiting southern florida and sitting in starbucks near new condo development ... and watching real estate agent taking tours of 20-30 people at a time around the bldgs. Real-estate agents and builders spin was that the baby boomers would be retiring, selling their million dollar mcmansions and moving to florida with enormous amount of money in their pockets ... and that the speculators could fleece the baby boomers of all that money (however, wallstreet was fleecing everybody with their triple-A rated toxic CDOs).


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#65 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

note that private-equity companies played their part in contributing to economic mess last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

then more recently they were buying up large blocks of foreclosed properties ... for speculation ... some being rented out until they could flip them.

Hedge Funds | Private Equity; Investors Who Bought Foreclosed Homes in Bulk Look to Sell
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/06/27/investors-who-bought-foreclosed-homes-in-bulk-look-to-cash-in/
How Wall Street Has Turned Housing Into a Dangerous Get-Rich-Quick Scheme -- Again Hedge funds and private equity firms have quietly bought 200,000 cheap, mostly foreclosed houses in cities hardest hit by the economic meltdown.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/11/wall-street-buying-foreclosed-homes
Private Equity Readying a Run on Foreclosures
http://www.cnbc.com/id/45945390
Private Equity Bets Billions on Foreclosures
http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2012-07-26/private-equity-bets-billions-on-foreclosures
Private Equity Taps Builders as Foreclosures Vanish
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2013-05-14/private-equity-taps-builders-as-foreclosures-vanish
Private Equity's Foreclosures for Rentals Net 8%: Mortgages
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-03-13/private-equity-buying-u-s-foreclosures-for-hot-rentals-net-8-mortgages

There was recently item that Seattle area (south of vancouver) rents are up 17% ... which is major hit to retirees on SS.

private-equity LBOs of corporation compared to house flipping ... except the loan stays with the company when it is sold; they can sell for much less they paid and still walk away with boat loads of money. Half corporate defaults are companies put through the private-equity process ... but the credit rating hit is to the bought companies not to the private-equity companies that originally took out the loan
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 16:55:53 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
The story, as I have read it, goes like this. Kuwait was an English `colony', made independent, very few there worked, Palestinian exiles did the grunt atuff. Saddam decided to take it over, and told the US ambassador he would, but not when. Then a Pearl Harbour situation ensued, saddams people tried to tell Bush in the few hours before the invasion, trying to avoid the Kuwaitis finding out. George Bush could not be contacted, so had to oppose the invasion.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

"long strange journey" by sat. photo recon analyst portrays it as nothing really happened until he reported they were marshaling forces for saudi invasion (which would have forced them to choose between their support for Iraq and their support for Saudi Arabia).

recent reference ... desert storm lasting 42 days ... but land war was only the last 100hrs (4days)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#9 Why do we keep loosing
and here:
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2015/05/29/why-do-we-keep-losing/

there have been all sorts of claims about battles during those 100hrs ... but the GAO air campaign effectiveness study has iraqis walking away from their positions because of being sitting duck targets from air strikes. I've been told that combat engineers cross the berms 3 days before the land war kicked off in Bradleys and were 50miles into enemy territory and not taking any enemy fire

this recent item has Rhodesia the poster child for colonial exploration
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/why-white-supremacists-identify-with-rhodesia-480b37f3131f

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 17:42:09 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Why on Earth wasn't there a reaction to that - leading to a sufficient increase in police presence that street crime basically went away and disappeared?

freakonomics
http://freakonomics.com/
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0060731338/

had different take ... it claims that there was prediction that there was going to be enormous increase in street crime in the 90s ... which didn't happen ... but not because of police presence ... but because of uptic in abortions ... supposedly correlating unwanted children and street crime

there is something different going on now ... privatizing gov. ... includes privatizing prisons and bribes to sentence lots of low-maintenance individuals to extended prison sentences ... resulting in US has the world's highest incarceration rate ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_incarceration_rate

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#37 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#34 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#25 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 19:19:49 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
They are not safe. Both are financed out of taxes collected. High borrowings means that the government cannot collect sufficient taxes. Look at what has been happening in Greece when foreigners will not lend/give more money to see what will happen.

there are claims that lots of large pension funds lost 30% during the economic mess because they bought "safe" triple-A toxic CDOs ... aka securitized mortages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages ... but they didn't have large market. Last decade being able to pay for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearing testimony) ... enabling selling toxic CDOs to funds restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments ... losses resulting in their being underfunded by trillions of dollars. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Another hit are institutions calculating pension funding liabilities based on non-existant interest rates.

Cities, States Shun Moody's For Blowing The Whistle On Pension Liabilities
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-06-19/cities-states-shun-moodys-blowing-whistle-pension-liabilities

SS benefits for the baby boomer bubble were supposedly to come out of the $2.7T in the SS Trust Fund ... however with the looting of the $2.7T in the SS Trust Fund ... their SS benefits have to come out of current tax collections. this becomes more onerous as all of the baby bubble move into retirement ... and the following (smaller) generation has to cover the benefits with their taxes (making up the $2.7T that had been looted from the SS trust fund).

there are now periodic calls for drastically reducing the baby boomer SS burden on the following generation ... which is something of semantic distinction since they are actually being required to replace the looted $2.7T.
http://www.cepr.net/press-center/press-releases/statement-on-the-gang-of-six-plan

manipulating inflation rate to affect COLA also plays into this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#62 Medicare Part B premiums increasing up to 30%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#66 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#66 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionaliy

recent posts on SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#4 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#7 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#40 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#62 Medicare Part B premiums increasing up to 30%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#66 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#68 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#75 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#82 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#64 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2015 21:11:57 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#66 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#75 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

oh and somebody's recent SS from today

Why Not Just Use The "AMAZING LEGAL TRICK" Of Not Burdening Working Stiffs With FICA Taxes?
http://mikenormaneconomics.blogspot.com/2015/06/why-not-just-use-amazing-legal-trick-of.html
Social Security, FICA Taxes and CWICA Taxes
http://mikenormaneconomics.blogspot.com/2015/06/social-security-fica-taxes-and-cwica.html

references:

Social Security History
http://www.ssa.gov/history/Gulick.html
Special Security History
http://www.ssa.gov/history/perkins5.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jun 2015 09:33:36 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
The Iraquis seem to have been getting in a lot of practice at walking away.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#9 Why do we keep losing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#73 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

but have you read all the stuff about the glorious victories by coalition land forces during those last 100hrs.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jun 2015 15:18:55 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#61 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

Report: One of OPM's IT Contractors Was Located in Mainland China
http://pjmedia.com/tatler/2015/06/17/report-one-of-opms-it-contractors-was-located-in-mainland-china/

Note that last decade there was an enormous uptick in gov. outsourcing (in fact current president had major item to reverse it in his original campaign platform for president) ... for instance 70% of current intelligence budget is for-profit companies. A large percentage of these companies where then put thru LBO by private-equity companies (which may use every scheme possible to loot money) ... this includes snowden's employer and many of the companies doing security clearances (including filling out paperwork w/o actually performing any sort of security check). Claim is over half corporate defaults are companies that have been put thru LBO (and looted). So it is trivial to find that they in turn, outsource to lowest bidder.

private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

other trivia: president of AMEX is in competition to be the next CEO and wins (the looser leaves taking his protegee and goes to Baltimore, taking over what has been described as loan sharking business). AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the AMEX president to turn around RJR. IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being broken up into the 13 "baby blues". The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect IBM. Uses some of same techniques at IBM that had been used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

Later the former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company which does LBO of company that employed Snowden:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

especially when they get paid for doing background checks but just fillout paperwork and skip the checks.

How Booz Allen Hamilton Swallowed Washington
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington

account of how private-equity turned LBO into similar to house flipping, except the loan stays with the company when it sells; they can even sell for much less than they paid and still walk away with boatloads of money (major factor in spike in corporate defaults).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

companies in the private-equity mill are under enormous pressure to generate money every way possible (including the security clearance companies just doing paperwork and skipping actually doing any checking). there has been long standing revolving door between gov and beltway bandits and/or wallstreet ... example is recent CIA director resigned in disgrace including slap on the wrist for leaking classified documents ... joins KKR.

disclaimer; early 90s, AMEX spins off much of its financial dataprocessing in what was the largest IPO up until that time. Later it merges with another financial dataprocessing acquiring Western Union. Last decade, huge spike in illegal workers sending paychecks home, WU grows to half corporate revenue. Corporate hdqtrs is lopped off (I'm doing stint as chief scientist attached to corp hdqtrs and am collateral damage), WU is spun-off and KKR then takes remaining private in what was the largest reverse-IPO/LBO up until that time (15yrs after being the largest IPO).

related to massive uptic in outsourcing last decade is the Success Of Failure activity ... helping to further increase take from the gov.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jun 2015 09:40:02 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#61 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

Officials: Chinese had access to U.S. security clearance data for one year
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/federal-eye/wp/2015/06/18/officials-chinese-had-access-to-u-s-security-clearance-data-for-one-year/
Hackers had access to security clearance data for a year; The U.S. government still isn't saying how much data it fears was stolen
http://www.computerworld.com/article/2938654/cybercrime-hacking/hackers-had-access-to-security-clearance-data-for-a-year.html
Hackers who breached a database containing highly personal information on government employees with security clearances had access to the system for about a year before being discovered, The Washington Post reported on Friday. The breach at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management dates back to June or July last year and was only discovered earlier this month.

...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jun 2015 13:26:08 -0700
Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:
Jay Hanson wants to put corporations in what every contemporary investor, executive and biz person would call a straight-jacket, chains and a padded cell. I agree with Arthur, too, that they "are built to make profits, not to care for the commons or gen'l populace." The issue is whether that should be be so or should be allowed to continue to be so.

stockman claims that since the start of the century there has been big corporate shift in focus to providing huge bonuses for top executives. part of this is various manipulations including stock buybacks ... which he refers to as mini-form of private-equity LBOs ... private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity ... stock buyback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

"Great Deformation"
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg457/loc9844-46:

The leader was ExxonMobil, which repurchased $160 billion of its own shares during 2004-2011. It was followed by Microsoft at $100 billion, IBM at $75 billion, and Hewlett-Packard, Proctor & Gamble, and Cisco with $50 billion each. Even the floundering shipwreck of merger mania known as Time Warner Inc. bought back $25 billion.

pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.


pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

Big Blue: Stock Buyback Machine On Steroids
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-04-17/big-blue-stock-buyback-machine-steroids

I've periodically referred to tv news broadcast towards end of last decade of roundtable discussion during annual economist conference where they discussed move "flat tax" ... motivation was to reduce the enormous graft & corruption in the current system ... contributing to congress being considered the most corrupt institution in the world (corporations paying for trillions in tax loopholes).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Congress had let the fiscal responsibility act expire in 2002 (required spending not exceed tax revenue). 2010 CBO report had tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to the fiscal responsibility base line budget).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Part of the ambiquity with wallstreet now is too big to fail and the repeal of Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

depository institutions were supposedly under fairly strict regulatory control because tax payers were on the hook for failures. Glass-Steagall kept the "regulated", "safe" depository institutions separate from unregulated, risky investment banking. Repeal of Glass-Steagall changed that and now they keep the upside when they win on extremely risky bets ... but the tax payers are on the hook for the downside of those extremely risky bets ... scenario is frequently referred to as "moral hazard".

#2 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess last decade
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

including repeal of Glass-Steagall in his GLBA legislation ... but also his role in preventing CDS gambling bets from being regulated. The CDS gambling bets were originally characterized as gift to ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

The rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs ... however it requires SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings ... even showing increase after Sarbanes-Oxley goes into effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

However, unregulated CDS also play major role in financial mess (besides ENRON)

Last decade, economic mess was 70 times larger than S&L crisis. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages ... but had limited market. In the late 90s we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as a countermeasure.

In the early part of the century, the sellers found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony, trivia, Sarbanes-Oxley also required SEC to do something about rating agencies). Triple-A trumps documents and they could now do no-down, no-documentation liar loans, pay for triple-A and sell to customers ... including large institutional funds restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claims caused 30% or more loss in pension funds contributing to trillions in pension shortfall). As a result over $27T was done between 2001 & 2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

From the law of unintended consequences ... the lack of documentation leads to the TBTF having to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the (missing) documents.

If that wasn't enough, they also started doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... creating enormous demand for dodgy loans. After the crash, AIG was largest holder of CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar. The secretary of treasury steps in and forces AIG to sign document saying AIG can't sue those placing the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at 100cents on the dollar (AIG is largest recipient of TARP funds, and largest receipient of CDS face-value payoffs is the institution formally headed by the secretary of treasury) .

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jun 2015 10:31:21 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Or worse, dumping their liabilities and screwing the current retirees. One of the airlines did this when they went bankrupt a couple of years ago where pilots, for example, went from a good pension to very little. I would think that pensions would have the first claim on assets in case of a bankruptcy, but apparently no one in charge thinks this.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#66 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#75 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#76 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

IBM employee unions have filed legal action over the change in pension plans. some of the articles referenced that in the 90s, a number of large corporations got together lobbied (bribed) congress to change pension plan accounting rules so that they could be listed as an asset rather than liability. The initial effect was a one time boost in stock price (since value/stock jumped) giving the executives at the time a big boost in their bonus. The next effect was that pensions (as an asset) would be subject to liquidation in case of bankruptcy. some discussed here
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

also in the 90s, a number of large corporations redid their books so that major part of profit was moved to separate corporate entities that had relatively few staff and the people intensive part were break-even or loss. Airlines moved the profit to ticket selling while actual airline operation were break-even (or a loss) ... the parent company could still show a overall profit (from the ticket sales) even when airline operations were having large loss. This was bargaining strategy in dealing with the unions (aka manipulating earnings/employee) and also made it easier to have the airline operations declare bankruptcy and unload remaining pension liability. Auto manufacturing did something similar so that profit was moved to financial operations (financial operations and ticketing being largely computerized).

past posts that referencing PBGC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#38 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#13 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#94 Bankruptcy a reprieve for some companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#4 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#7 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

last decade the corporation strategy was expanded with lobbying (bribing) congress for trillions in tax loopholes ... where the profit was moved to a different corporate entity outside the country ... making the people intensive operation appear as break-even or loss and profit moved to a different tax jurisdiction that was negotiated to be close to zero. Luxembourg strategy
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks
and recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#86 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#93 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#46 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#4 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes

past posts mentioning tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

past posts referencing retirement heist:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#60 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#63 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#67 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#4 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#6 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#12 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#15 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#24 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#61 IBM now employs more workers in India than US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#85 How do you feel about IBM passing off it's retirees to ObamaCare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#96 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#16 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#48 IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#79 Shocking news: Execs do what they're paid to do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#75 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#32 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#47 Barbarians at the Gate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#48 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#54 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#111 The Decline and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#89 IBM, Lenovo server deal potentially scuppered over security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#69 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#28 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#50 IBM's Ginni Rometty Just Confessed To A Huge Failure -- It Might Be The Best Thing For The Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#51 A View From Beneath the Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#62 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#122 Congress could soon allow pension plans to cut benefits for current retirees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#148 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#162 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#51 bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#54 National Security and Double Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#58 Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#15 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#32 PEU Report: Obama's Intelligence Oversight Board a Corporate Lot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#63 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#70 Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jun 2015 12:14:42 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
When the banks run out of money again house prices will drop.

in ages gone by, depostory institutions (banks) used deposits as source of funds for lending ... but being able to securitize loans, pay for triple-A ratings and sell off all the loans ... changed that; they no longer have to rely on deposits as source of funds for lending. It is also reason that interest rates on deposits have all but disappeared.

last decade in economic mess (70 times larger than S&L crisis which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions with jailtime ... this time *NO* criminal referrals *NOR* convictions) .... too big to fail were just skimming as the transaction passed through ... they weren't actually holding the loans. Being able to buy triple-A ratings from the rating agencies (when sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) ... enabling selling to operations (like large pension funds) that were restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments ... enabling $27T done 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

they found they could further game the system with securitized loans designed to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell to their customers, and then take out CDS gambling bets they would fail ... which creates enormous demand for bad loans/mortgages.

since then, Federal Reserve has also been providing almost unlimited ZIRP funds.

part of what burst the bubble was investors/buyers starting to realize that the rating agency ratings might not be trusted. From the law of unintended side-effects ... was seen in collapse of the muni-bond market (investors realizing truth of the triple-A rated toxic CDOs, start to call into question *ALL* rating agency ratings). Buffett stepped in and started offerring muni-bond insurance ... was a way of getting muni-bond market moving again. some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#60 Did sub-prime cause the financial mess we are in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#11 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#81 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#30 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#66 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#68 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jun 2015 13:36:59 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
IBM/PCs saw rapid early uptake as 3270 terminals ... a large corporation with business justification for tens of thousands of 3270 terminals could switch to IBM/PC ... single desktop footprint, 3270 dumb terminal emulation and some local computing ... for about the same cost ... little or no (additional) business justification required.

then going into the mid-80s, the communication group was fighting off client/server and distributed computing, trying to preserve its dumb terminal paradigm and install base. internal network was still limited to mainframe nodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#57 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

circa 1980, a few people I knew left IBM to do a silicon valley startup building clone 3270 controllers. their competitive selling point would they would offload some of the TSO interactions into the control unit ... attempting to compensate for the horrible TSO human factors (attempting to make TSO slightly more comparable to vm370/cms human factors). The rise of PCs with 3270 terminal emulation tanked their market ... since PC could do a better job with interactive human factors than a clone controller.

One of the people then shows up running the ROLM datacenter. IBM then acquires ROLM ... folklore is that there was an IBM group out doing M&A looking for whatever deals they could cut ... and they apparently didn't even bother to look at ROLM books ... since the quarter the deal closes, ROLM goes into the red.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ROLM

Some number of people then get assigned to ROLM to try and address some of their problems. I'm doing a lot of stuff with T1 and faster links and get asked to look at a problem with ROLM operations. New software is developed and then has to be loaded into switch boxes for testing over 56kbit link ... taking more than 24hrs elapsed time for each test load. I'm go in to have some discussions about possibly upgrading the links to T1 ... reducing test load elapsed time to under an hour.

posts mentioning doing T1 & faster speed links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
including doing channel extender support for STL lab in 1980
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
and working with NSF and some of the NSF supercomputer centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

ROLM was heavily data general shop ... when IBM buys them, they are asked to move to IBM equipment. The head of ROLM datacenter places an order for something like 500 Series/1.

as part of HSDT, I'm using lot of non-IBM equipment ... and then told that contigent for some IBM HSDT funding was that I would try to use some IBM equipment. IBM had a 2701 controller box from the 60s that supported T1 links ... but was no longer being built. There was a large number of these at gov. installations. To address the "opportunity", Federal Systems Division developed T1 "ZIRPEL" cards for the Series/1 (to replace the gov. 2701 controllers that were falling apart). The FSD "ZIRPEL" cards were the only IBM support ... but it required Series/1 boxes ... which had a year backlog in orders ... because of the big ROLM order. I finally managed to do some horse trading with the person running ROLM datacenter to acquire some S/1 boxes ... in order to demonstrate that I was at least doing T1 with some IBM content.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2015 10:02:22 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Wow! A *year*? Someone seriously underestimated demand. Despite IBM''s pathetic product positioning I thought it was a good box.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#57 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#83 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

it was more than decade after series/1 originally introduced and 500 order was incremental unanticipated order (soaking up year of any spare manufacturing capacity).

I've mentioned before that science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

tried to get the company to use the series/1 processor, peachtree, for the 3705 ... rather than the drastically underpowered UC.

shortly after the horse trade with ROLM for some S/1, i got sucked into trying to put out some S/1 based work as IBM product. One of the babybells had created a NCP/VTAM (pu4/pu5) emulator on S/1 that had enormously more function than 37x5. past reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

lots of the 37x5 problems were limitation of the UC processor ... the S/1 peachtree processor made it significantly easier to do all the extra function ... but was also starting to run into peachtree processor limitation (including storage addressing, had a bunch of gimmicks to get to even 512kbytes storage). The project was to release S/1-based implementation ... but immediately start porting to IBM RISC ... which eliminated several limitations that was being encountered with the S/1.

We had anticipated that the communication group would respond to the threat with all sorts of corporate dirty tricks and attempted to anticipated and plan for them ... but what eventually happened can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. other refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#83 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#15 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#43 VNET 1983 1000 NODES
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#82 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#57 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#58 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#61 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#37 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#52 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives

other past posts mentioning (S/1) ZIRPEL card:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#4 Sv: First video terminal?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#13 COMTEN- IBM networking boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#28 SR 15,15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#37 network history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#7 Xah Lee's Unixism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#59 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#25 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#80 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#45 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#63 Early commercial Internet activities (Re: IBM-MAIN longevity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#4 IBM's Revenge on Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#83 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#71 DEC and the Bell System?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#37 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#43 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#60 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#24 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2015 12:55:59 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Well, FWIW, in my region, the cops simply can't worry about minor possession of any drug, or even low level drug dealers.

Sometimes statistics are inflated by the use of a drug law to make any easy conviction or plea bargain of someone guilty of a more serious crime.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

current jails/prisons want non-violent ... also younger the better

Jailed for Being Broke
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/jailed-for-being-broke-20150623

But it works out differently in practice. In the era of "Broken Windows" and community policing, a crime-prevention strategy designed to generate vast numbers of minor arrests, more and more people are ending up in jail for what amounts to the crime of not having money.

... snip ...

the for-profit jail/prisons love them since they are very low maintenance and maximize profits (including sending non-violent juveniles to prison

Prison-industrial complex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison%E2%80%93industrial_complex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison%E2%80%93industrial_complex#History

The signing of the Rockefeller drug laws in May 1973 by New York's Governor Nelson Rockefeller is considered to be the beginning of the Prison Industrial Complex. The laws established strict mandatory prison sentences for the sale or possession of illegal narcotics.[7] Federal Judge Mark W. Bennett stated that mandatory sentencing destroys families and perpetuates the cycle of poverty and addiction, with no evidence that it works.[8]

... snip ...

The Prison-Industrial Complex; Correctional officials see danger in prison overcrowding. Others see opportunity. The nearly two million Americans behind bars -- the majority of them nonviolent offenders -- mean jobs for depressed regions and windfalls for profiteers
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/the-prison-industrial-complex/304669/
How for-profit prisons have become the biggest lobby no one is talking about; Sen. Marco Rubio is one of the biggest beneficiaries.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/04/28/how-for-profit-prisons-have-become-the-biggest-lobby-no-one-is-talking-about/
Banking on Bondage: Private Prisons and Mass Incarceration
https://www.aclu.org/banking-bondage-private-prisons-and-mass-incarceration
Kids for cash scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kids_for_cash_scandal
The For-Profit Immigration Imprisonment Racket; Private companies with close ties to government agencies are standing in the way of progress
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-for-profit-immigration-imprisonment-racket-20130222
Prison Industrial Complex
http://www.salon.com/topic/prison_industrial_complex/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2015 16:08:25 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
What's UC?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#57 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#83 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#84 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet

quicky search turns up this 8100 reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_8100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_8100#Architecture

The 8100 was a 32-bit processor, but its instruction set reveals its lineage as the culmination of a line of so-called Universal Controller processors[2] internally designated UC0 (8-bit), UC.5 (16-bit) and UC1 (32-bit). Each processor carried along the instruction set and architecture of the smaller processors, allowing programs written for a smaller processor to run on a larger one without change.

... snip ...

3705 was 16bit uc.5 and had much less functionaility than the s1 peachtree processor.

past posting of old email referencing MIT LISP machine group wanting 801/RISC processor from IBM ... and Evans offering them 8100 instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#email790711
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#email790711
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#email790711
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email790711

old folklore postings about Evans asking my wife to review 8100 and she turned in negative evaluation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#53 MVS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#65 801 (was Re: Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#46 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#55 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#22 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#31 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#28 Supervisory Processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#66 Migration off mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#66 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#82 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#57 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#32 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#20 IBM 8150?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#71 Remembrance of things past

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2015 17:18:22 -0700
These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/business/2015/06/22/net-of-insecurity-part-3/

IBM had a pentagon papers type event when a copy of document with details of unannounced 370 virtual memory makes into the hands of industry publication. Aftermath of the investigation ... all internal IBM copier machines had (unique) serial number under the glass plate so it shows up on all copies made on that machine ... shows up on this document copied nearly 15yrs later ("IBM-SJ-086")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

Then during the future system effort in the early 70s, some past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

an attempt was to make all the documents available only in softcopy (to further inhibit copying). Online system was modified so to access documents, had to use special process that only allowed displaying documents on local, hardwired 3277 terminals (and all other functions were crippled). I had some dedicated weekend time in datacenter with one such system. I went in Friday afternoon to make sure everything was setup and ready. While there, some of the people wanted to brag that even if I was left alone in the machine room all weekend, their modified system would preclude (even) me from accessing the information.

Unable to resist, I replied it would take less than five minutes ... most of the time was spent isolating the machine so that nobody else could take advantage of what I was about to do. From the front console, I did a one byte patch of a branch condition instruction in the authentication routine such that *ALL* authentication requests returned valid. I then commented that the only really good countermeasure would involve encrypting the information.

for the fun of it ... some old crypto related email ... including discussion of (public key) PGP-like implementation, a decade before PGP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

long ago and far away, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". We did design/implementation using "SSL" for the electronic commerce webservers to the payment gateway (handled transactions between the internet and the payment networks) ... and I know of no exploits of that implementation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#payment

However, we only could make recommendations about the client to server operation, many of which were almost immediately violated, accounting for many of the exploits that continue to this day.

Somewhat because of having done "electronic commerce", in the mid-90s we were invited to participate in the x9a10 financial standards working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (not limited to internet, aka *ALL*). We did some detailed end-to-end threat and vulnerability studies that led to the x9.59 transaction standard.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

One of the issues was that transaction information is used in dozens of business processes at millions of locations all over the world. One of the threats is attackers obtaining/skimming transaction information and using the information for fraudulent transactions. Because the enormous number of requirements for access to the transaction information, we've commented that even if the world was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop information leakage ... aka an enormous "attack surface" (millions of places where attacks can happen). The x9a10 standard did nothing to reduce the "attack surface", but it did reduce the "threat surface" by slight tweak to the current infrastructure that made information from previous transactions (including account nos) useless to crooks for doing fraudulent transactions. This also eliminated the need to hide/encrypt transactions, which has been the major use of "SSL" in the world.

Note that about the same time we were invited to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group, there were presentations at financial industry conferences by consumer dial-up banking operations and the motivation for their move to the internet (offload their significant consumer support costs for proprietary dial-up operations to ISPs). At the same time, there were presentations by cash management/commercial dial-up banking operations that they would *NEVER* move to the internet because of a long list of vulnerabilities (that mostly continue to this day). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup-banking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2015 23:09:21 -0700
"A Bad Man's Guide to Private Equity and Pensions"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/06/a-bad-mans-guide-to-private-equity-and-pensions.html
More recently, some private equity firms have honed Chapter 11 as an efficient financial engineering tool for insider sales -- and for dumping pensions. Based on partial data from the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp., at least 51 companies have abandoned pension plans in bankruptcy at the behest of private equity firms since 2001. They've dumped $1.592 billion in pension bills onto a government-backed agency that insures private defined benefit plans. Because pension insurance doesn't cover all benefits, their actions have left some of the nearly 102,000 workers or retirees with lost benefits amounting to at least $128 million. And they've contributed to the chronic deficits at the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

... snip ...

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

recent posts mentioning pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#4 "Trust in digital certificate ecosystem eroding"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#5 7 years on from crisis, $150 billion in bank fines and penalties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#18 Can we design machines to automate ethics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#20 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#63 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#43 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#64 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#70 Encryption "would not have helped" at OPM, says DHS official
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#75 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 09:17:02 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
$128 million is such a tiny number, it sounds like a rounding error. Roughly a thousand dollars a person - for *life*? That sounds severely understated.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#88 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

it did say it was analysis of (recent) partial data from PBGC and that 102,000 employees of the 51 companies dumped on PBGC at the behest of private equity firms, lost "at least" $128million (they may have yet to see the full data of original pension obligation compared to what they are going to get from PBGC, as well as what the private equity firms have gained by dumping the employees on PBGC).

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 12:51:46 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Now, if the U.S. government could persuade IBM to put System z level security in desktop machines for the government's use... the prospect of such a fat contract might persuade IBM to accept some cheapening of its core mainframe business. But government bids have to be competitive, and if Microsoft is the lowest bidder, will anything change? Or if Oracle won, is it really able to pull it off?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#87

the original mainframe tcp/ip product was done in vs/pascal ... and had none of the exploits that have been epidemic in c-language implementations (because of buffer length related programming errors). It did have some performance issues getting about 44kbytes/sec using 3090 processor. I did the enhancements for rfc1044 and in some tuning tests at cray research got channel (1mbyte/sec) sustained throughput between 4341 and cray ... using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

during the 90s, c-language buffer length related programming errors accounted for the majority of internet exploits. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

at the '96 Moscone MSDC all the banners said "internet" but the constant refrain in all the sessions was "protect your investment". Networking support & applications from the 80s and early 90s (safe, small, closed business lans) were being expanded to support (wild open anarchy of) the internet (but w/o any addition of security measures or attack countermeasures). Going into this century, C-language related exploits drops as percentage of all exploits ... not because their numbers decreased, but because there was enormous increase in exploits related to application paradigm from the safe, small closed business LANs from the 80s.

I was trying to enhance my security taxonomy using CVE exploit information. I talked to the CVE people about improving use of keywords in CVE reports ... at the time their reply was that they felt lucky to get any kind of reports at all and were concerned that trying to introduce structure in the reports would inhibit people doing reporting. At a result I had to resort some simple word and multiple word occurrences in free text. old post of some of the analysis.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43
post referencing NIST report in 2005 that came up with similar results as my 2004 CVE analysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#20

one of the buffer attacks is including executable instructions as part of incoming data and then hack that results in processing transfers to those instructions. A hardware countermeasure was introduced that can flag storage areas as non-executable (inverse of UNIX "X" executable status). past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#3 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#32 8086 memory space [was: The Soul of Barb's New Machine]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#30 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#58 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#57 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 13:45:28 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Later the former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company which does LBO of company that employed Snowden:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

especially when they get paid for doing background checks but just fillout paperwork and skip the checks.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#61 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#79 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

... snip ...

private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 17:29:48 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

Why Isn't More Happening to Reduce America's Bloated Prison Population
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/why-isnt-more-happening-to-reduce-americas-bloated-prison-population-20150624
The imperative for criminal-justice reform is aching and obvious: In the past 40 years, the U.S. prison population rose 500 percent. The drug war has been the biggest driver: There are more people locked up today for drug offenses alone than the entire prison system held in 1970.

...
The U.S. has less than five percent of the world's population, but nearly a quarter of its prisoners.

... snip ...

note what doesn't show up here are the too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) that have been caught "money laundering" for drug cartels (and terrorists) ... in fact I first started seeing reference too big to jail in articles about too big to fail caught "money laundering" for drug cartels and it playing the major factor in the militarization of the drug cartels ... able to purchase high-end military equipment ... and upswing in violance on both sides of the border (some reference that too big to fail were turning mexico into another columbia).

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
"money laundering"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

partially related

Obama Won't Demilitarize Police
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/obama-wont-demilitarize-police/

older news implying that he might

Obama preparing executive order on police militarization
http://www.cnn.com/2014/12/01/politics/obama-police-militarization/
Obama: U.S. Cracking Down on 'Militarization' of Local Police
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/u-s-cracking-down-militarization-local-police-n360381
Obama's Anti-Police Militarization Measure is a Disaster in Disguise
http://www.theblaze.com/contributions/obamas-anti-police-militarization-measure-is-a-disaster-in-disguise/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 23:21:02 -0700
Shelter consumer price index

The Mystery Of The "Missing" Inflation Solved: Record Number Of US Renters Can't Afford Housing
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-06-24/mystery-missing-inflation-solved-record-number-us-renters-cant-afford-housing

Of course, by now everyone knows that the artificially suppressed, "hedonically-modified" and seasonally-adjusted inflationary readings is what has permitted the Fed to not only grow its balance sheet to $4.5 trillion but to keep rates at 0% for 8 years. Because "how will the economy recover if there is no broad inflation", the Keynesian brains in the ivory tower scream, demanding more, more, more easing just to push inflation higher.

... snip ...

over $27T toxic CDOs done 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

however, just the four largest too big to fail were still holding $5.2T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs "off-book" that they hadn't unloaded on unsuspecting victims before the bottom fell out.
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

original the appropriated $700B in TARP funds were supposedly to buy these toxic assets
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

but with only $700B it couldn't address the problem ... so they found other uses for it ... sec. of treasury forced AIG to take the largest amount so that AIG would pay off CDS gambling bits at face value (instead of 50cents on the dollar) ... and the largest recipient of face value pay offs was company formally headed by the sec. of treasury. There was drawn out legal battle trying to prevent that information being made public.

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#41

Note that TBTF fines & fees are claimed to have hit $300B so far (but nobody doing jailtime). However when it became apparent that the $700B TARP funds couldn't address the problem (just four largest TBTF with $5.2T), Federal Reserve started buying offbook triple-A rated toxic CDOs at 98cents on the dollar (late summer 2008 had been going for 22cents on the dollar). Federal Reserve also started providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds (federal reserve fought long drawn out legal battle trying to prevent releasing to public details of what it was doing).

Claim is that TBTF are making $300B/year off ZIRP funds, which more than offsets the total fines and fees so far ... not to mention what they pocketed during the economic mess. Some claim that redirecting the "mortgage market" through wallstreet during the economic mess, resulted in wallstreet tripling in size (as percent of GDP) during last decade. They were possibly able to skim $3T-$5T off the $27+T passing thru wallstreet 2001-2008.

However, the $300B in fines&fees so far isn't just for their illegal activity in the mortgage market (including designing triple-A rated toxic CDOs to fail and then taking out CDS gambling bets that they would fail, robo-signing mills, etc) ... but also includes other illegal activity, manipulating LIBOR, manipulating Foreign Exchange market, manipulating commodities market, money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, role in large scale client tax evasion, etc. ... which accounts for reports that they are viewing the fines&fees as just cost of doing (illegal) business (since it is such a small percentage of their total take).

LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 25 Jun 2015 10:12:35 -0700
recent on british empire retained a few locations that city of london used to operate its schemes

Caymans Exposed: Tax Havens Lucrative for Big Finance, Leave Only Crumbs for Locals
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/06/caymans-exposed-tax-havens-lucrative-for-big-finance-leave-only-crumbs-for-locals.html

This goes into a lot more detail
http://www.amazon.com/Treasure-Islands-Uncovering-Offshore-Banking-ebook/dp/B004OA6420/

tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 25 Jun 2015 13:09:46 -0700
mortgage bankers association worked with the FBI to carefully restrict the definition of "mortgage fraud" to acts performed by borrowers and not have any reference to the trillions in fraud done by lenders and wallstreet.

I attended some standards meetings hosted by the mortgage bankers association (they had a new hdqtrs bldg across the park in DC from IMF and world bank) having to do with electronic documents ... some of it they may have tried to use in conjunction with MERS and that part of the mortgage fraud activity ... which plays later with the robo-signing mills fabricating documents for foreclosures.

Later CBS had news segment on mortgage bankers association sending out all sort of press releases advising borrowers not to walk away from their mortgages ... and trying to track down the head of the mortgage bankers association to ask him why the organization walked way from the mortgage on their new hdqtrs bldg in DC.

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

MERS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortgage_Electronic_Registration_Systems

#1 on times list of those responsible ... where an enormous number of fraudulent loans originated:
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-20/countrywide-s-mozilo-said-to-face-u-s-suit-over-loans.html
and
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

robo-signing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_United_States_foreclosure_crisis

some of the too big to fail were then fined tens of billions that was supposed to be used to aid victims of the illegal foreclosures. However very little actually was seen by the victims, much of it disappeared into organizations that were formed to administer the funds (some with very little experience in mortgages and foreclosures, but had recently been formed by former heads of federal gov. financial regulatory operations). some old posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#36 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#47 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#6 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#43 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#77 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#12 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#24 What Makes a substance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#52 What Makes a substance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#50 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#16 weird apple trivia

whislteblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 2015 12:20:33 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
I don't know how this works world-wide, I do know there is a lot of hostility in the US about corporate welfare, tax havens, tax avoidance. The tax rate in Ireland. The US can't ignore world wide conditions. Maybe abolish corporate tax and replace it with a VAT? I am sure there are huge problems there. I suspect the simple problems have pretty well been solved ... at least in theory.

I've mentioned before national tv news broadcast roundtable at annual economist roundtable ... where they called for flat rate tax ... because it could eliminate the major corruption in congress (major factor behind congress being considered the most corrupt institution on earth).

they made references that tax accountants/preparers and country of ireland were major lobbying opposing flat tax. Also made semi-humerous reference that the massive graft and corruption is so financially beneficial to members of congress ... even if they did move to flat tax, congress would invent some other method for graft and corruption.

also claim that the current tax paradigm (besides contributing to enormous corruption, lobbying/bribing congress) costs the country something like 6% of GDP ... approx 3% direct in overhead dealing with tax code and approx 3% indirect because tax code have businesses making non-optimal decisions.

"tax evasion", "tax avoidance", "tax havens"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

2002 congress had let the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed tax ravenue). 2010 CBO report was that tax collection was reduced by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to fiscal responsibility baseline budget).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

there have also been observations that congress increased their corruption sophistication last decade .... the tax loop-holes they are selling are increasingly temporary that have to be renewed on regular basis and they get a lot more money if there is the fiction of opposing factions in congress ... part of the periodic press references to congress as kabuki theater ... what is seen publicly has little to do with what is really going on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

the corporate interests wanted the tax loopholes that went with the massive reduction in tax revenue ... but they also wanted the revenue that went along with the massive increase in spending for appropriations that went to for-profit companies associated with gov. outsourcing, militiary-industrial complex and beltway bandits.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

however, there is also reports that many interests on wallstreet want the massive deficits (separate from what is made off the massive loopholes and massive increase in spending). The fiscal responsible baseline budget had all federal debt gone by 2010. The current scenario has the federal government paying almost half trillion in interest. The too big to fail are getting ZIRP funds from the Federal Reserve which they turn around and buy treasuries.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

In theory, the Federal Reserve could use ZIRP funds to buy treasuries directly at zero precent interest (and federal debt would cost nothing) ... but the current scheme means that the too big to fail can (also) get the majority of the interest being paid on federal dabt,

The federal reserve had lengthy legal battle trying to prevent public disclosure of what they were doing (buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). The chairman of the federal reserve then said that he had believed when he made ZIRP funds available to too big to fail, they would turn around and lend to mainstreet ... but when they didn't, he had no way of forcing them (but also didn't cut off the flow of ZIRP funds). Note the chairman supposedly had been selected in part because he was a scholar of the Great Depression ... however in the Great Depression, the federal reserve had tried the exact same thing ... and the banks had responded in the same exact way (there was no reason to believe they had changed).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

recent posts mentioning ZIRP funds:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#70 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#41 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#43 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#93 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 2015 12:27:10 -0700
hancock4 writes:
The Newark (NJ) Star Ledger reported on lobbying groups of wealthy people quietly working to lower taxes on the wealthy and to cut government spending on the poor.

in addition to the "legal" tax loopholes, 2009 the IRS reported it was going after 52,000 wealthy amereicans that owed $400B in taxes on money illegally hidden offshore. Spring of 2011, the new congress reported that it was cutting the budget for the IRS unit responsible for recoverying those taxes.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Since then there have been news reports about billions in fines on the too big to fail assisting in the tax evasion schemes ... but nothing about the 52,000 wealthy americans or the $400B in the taxes they owed.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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