List of Archived Posts

2017 Newsgroup Postings (02/02 - 02/24)

Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
IBM 1970s
Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
Trump to sign cyber security order
OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
BSAM vs QSAM
The ICL 2900
IBM 1970s
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
Trump to sign cyber security order
Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
Trump to sign cyber security order
IBM "Breakup"
Disorder
Trump to sign cyber security order
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Spy Agencies Should Kick the Contractor Habit
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Trump to sign cyber security order
Good News and Bad News at Hanford, America's Most Polluted Site
Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
Job Loyalty
Trump to sign cyber security order
Trump to sign cyber security order
when to get out???
More on Mannix and the computer
when to get out???
The ICL 2900
Subscription to Usenet groups
Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
z/OS under Linux ?
when to get out???
The ICL 2900
when to get out???
COBOL and POSIX pipes
Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair
60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
Wild Ducks
3350 disks
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Why Does Congress Accept Perpetual Wars?
60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
BITNET 8bit
Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
Jean Tirole's Proposal to Appoint Felons to Monitor CEOs
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
China's Rise in Artificial Intelligence
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Another Big Company Departs California
Corporate Tax Rate
The ICL 2900
60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
The ICL 2900
Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2017 16:50:23 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#103 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order

I've frequently quoted the following 3 Bloomberg articles; over $27T done 2001-2008; Greenspan (& others) weren't enforcing regulations (also description of many of the processes); and four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T offbook end of 2008. The URLs have since gone 404 and may now be behind bloomberg pay wall. Recent queries for the article titles didn't turn up any references on one major search engine. Same queries on anothere major search engine turns up large number of references ... even some of my past posts on first screen and other websites that have full text of the original articles. One might be tempted to be suspicious why one major search engine didn't come back with references (& whether or not it is transient or consistent/constant)

Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

"Securitization was based on the premise that a fool was born every minute," Joseph Stiglitz, a professor of economics at Columbia University in New York, told a congressional committee on Oct. 21. "Globalization meant that there was a global landscape on which they could search for those fools -- and they found them everywhere."

The bundling of consumer loans and home mortgages into packages of securities -- a process known as securitization -- was the biggest U.S. export business of the 21st century. More than $27 trillion of these securities have been sold since 2001, according to the Securities Industry Financial Markets Association, an industry trade group. That's almost twice last year's U.S. gross domestic product of $13.8 trillion

... snip ...

Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

That same year Greenspan, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt opposed an attempt by Brooksley Born, head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, to study regulating over-the-counter derivatives. In 2000, Congress passed a law keeping them unregulated.
... snip ...

Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

So investors betting for quick solutions to the financial crisis could be disappointed. The tangled web that banks wove over the years will take a long time to undo.

At the end of 2008, for example, off-balance-sheet assets at just the four biggest U.S. banks -- Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Wells Fargo & Co. -- were about $5.2 trillion, according to their 2008 annual filings.

... snip ...

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

past posts mentioning one or more of the bloomberg article URLs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#7 Are Ctibank's services and products so vital to global economy than no other banks can substitute it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#9 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#10 Who will Survive AIG or Derivative Counterparty Risk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#30 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#36 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#40 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#64 Should AIG executives be allowed to keep the bonuses they were contractually obligated to be paid?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#13 Should we fear and hate derivatives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#70 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#79 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#25 Is FINANCE the institutionalized form whereby (smart?) elites exact payment for the rest's being...?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#27 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#31 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#35 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#43 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#47 TARP Disbursements Through April 10th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#53 What every taxpayer should know about what caused the current Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#3 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#10 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#49 IBM to Build Europe, Asia 'Smart Infrastructure'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#79 The $4 trillion housing headache
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#77 Financial Regulatory Reform - elimination of loophole allowing special purpose institutions outside Bank Holding Company (BHC) oversigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#69 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#21 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#23 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#61 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#4 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#5 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#10 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#11 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#74 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#15 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#76 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#34 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#46 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#48 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#53 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#56 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#29 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#58 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#94 The Curly Factor -- Prologue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#9 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#2 First Website Launched 20 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#16 Feds Launch Probe Into S&P Mortgage Rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#30 Regulators seek to plug derivatives data gaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#54 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#38 The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#57 The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#73 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#77 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#82 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#28 Confidence in banking: the EU500 supernote, or, we're all money launderers now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#36 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#37 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#38 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#51 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#52 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#60 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#62 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#68 Building a Better America-One Wealth Quintile at a Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#73 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#74 The Wall Street Pentagon Papers: Biggest Scam In World History Exposed: Are The Federal Reserve's Crimes Too Big To Comprehend?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#76 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#77 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#3 The Obama Spending Non-surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#23 Security 2012: Blood in the Water
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#70 No One Telling Who Took $586B in Fed Swaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#92 Bank Failures Cost $88 Billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#135 Estimate that WW1 cost $52B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#32 Wall Street Bonuses May Reach Lowest Level in 3 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#65 Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#30 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#31 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#38 The Death of MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#45 Fannie, Freddie Charge Taxpayers For Legal Bills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#5 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#32 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#42 China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Is Already Doing A Whole Lot More Than Anyone Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#23 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#40 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#42 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#58 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#31 Rome speaks to us. Their example can inspire us to avoid their fate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#33 The case against Lehman Brothers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#63 One maths formula and the financial crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#69 Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#75 Fed Report: Mortgage Mess NOT an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#80 The Failure of Central Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#87 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#28 REPEAL OF GLASS-STEAGALL DID NOT CAUSE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS - WHAT DO YOU THINK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#59 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#70 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#71 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#26 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#75 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#94 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#65 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#38 Four Signs Your Awesome Investment May Actually Be A Ponzi Scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#43 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#75 What's the bigger risk, retiring too soon, or too late?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#64 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#56 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#6 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#12 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#7 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#26 Why bankers rule the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#69 Can Open Source Ratings Break the Ratings Agency Oligopoly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#0 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#18 U.S. Treasury, AIG are poised to sever ties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#51 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#0 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#34 How Bankers Help Drug Traffickers and Terrorists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#49 Insider Fraud: What to Monitor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#51 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#54 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#62 Taleb On "Skin In The Game" And His Disdain For Public Intellectuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#66 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#38 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#44 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#46 Bankers Who Made Millions In Housing Boom Misled Investors: Study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#54 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#66 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#67 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#97 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#2 Too-Big-To-Fail, Too-Big-To-Prosecute, Too-Big-To-Jail, not just a problem in the USA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#23 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#48 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#49 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#5 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#86 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#7 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#10 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#13 Jack Lew Shows His True Colors By Forcing Deregulation of Derivatives on the CFTC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#43 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#58 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#14 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#31 The Mortgage Wars: Inside Fannie Mae, Big-Money Politics, and the Collapse of the American Dream
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#48 Citigroup is the Real Reason We Need the Volcker Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#107 Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#109 Citigroup Fails Fed Stress Test as BofA Gets Dividend Boost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#0 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#60 GAO and Wall Street Journal Whitewash Huge Criminal Bank Frauds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#78 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#14 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#45 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#3 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#0 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#66 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#67 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#69 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#4 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#26 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#28 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#89 Forbes perspective on IBM's troubles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#21 Senate Democrats vs. the Middle Class; Senators elected in 2008 made Obama's agenda possible, and its results have harmed most Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#32 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#73 The Watchdog that Didn't Bark ... Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#121 Presenting The $303 Trillion In Derivatives That US Taxpayers Are Now On The Hook For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#157 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#159 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#73 S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#90 NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#97 S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#6 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#20 $2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#22 Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#4 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#40 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#49 Global Fragility and the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#53 Servicers in DOJ s Crosshairs Following JPM Robo-Signing Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#88 How Wall Street captured Washington's effort to rein in banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#4 "Trust in digital certificate ecosystem eroding"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#5 7 years on from crisis, $150 billion in bank fines and penalties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#18 Can we design machines to automate ethics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#20 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#39 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#93 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#4 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#16 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#27 Federal Subsidies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#20 After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#25 After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#49 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#56 The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#65 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#70 AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#81 Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#86 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#92 Leaked Seattle Audit Concludes Many Mortgage Documents Are Void
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#25 Hillary Clinton's Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#44 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#45 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#47 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#56 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#65 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#78 The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#123 IBM retirement fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#0 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#6 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#7 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#8 "Too Big To Fail"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#26 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#36 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#95 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#11 Bill Black: How Many Lies Can the WSJ Pack into a Chart on Liar's Loans?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#42 Nobody saw the economic mess coming last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#58 Wall Street strikes back against Bernie Sanders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#61 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#70 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#110 The Koch-Fueled Plot to Destroy the VA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#29 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#94 Pension Funds at Risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#31 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#32 Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#87 Finance Is Not the Economy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2017 20:10:10 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order

a few more refs:

West Virginia Chemical Spill Exposes a New Risk to Water From Coal
https://weather.com/science/environment/news/west-virginia-chemical-spill-exposes-new-risk-water-coal-20140118
Coal Company Unlawfully Polluted West Virginia Water, Federal Judge Rules
https://thinkprogress.org/coal-company-unlawfully-polluted-west-virginia-water-federal-judge-rules-70a8608465a6
Ignoring coal ash could be toxic to Trump's legacy
https://thinkprogress.org/coal-ash-enforcement-donald-trump-956f25100ccd
West Virginia Water Crisis
https://wvwatercrisis.com/
Water pollution from coal
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Water_pollution_from_coal
Claims Coal-Fired Plant Polluted River: Utility Faces Trial
http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/claims-coal-fired-plant-polluted-river-utility-faces-45129117
Cleaning Up Coal Ash << Appalachian Voices
http://appvoices.org/coalash/
Duke Energy fined $102 million for polluting rivers with coal ash
http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-duke-energy-coal-ash-20150514-story.html
Why coal jobs aren't coming back, despite Trump's actions
http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/24/investing/trump-coal-epa-regulation/
One Year After Spill That Contaminated Drinking Water, West Virginia Legislature Tries to Roll Back Chemical Regulations
http://www.newsweek.com/one-year-after-spill-contaminated-drinking-water-west-virginia-legislature-305975

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 1970s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 1970s
Date: 03 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Since Future System was completely different than 360/370 and was going to completely replace 360/370, they were shutting down 370 projects. The dearth of 370 products during FS period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold. After FS implodes there is mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipelines.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I got con'd into working on some number of the products. The 370/125 sucked me into working on design of 5-way SMP. 115/125 had 9 position memory bus for microprocessors all identical with different microcode loads ... one with 370 instruction emulation. 125 was same as 115, but 370 microcode microprocessor was 50% faster than the others. I got asked to design/implement 125 with 5 processors running 370 microcode. This never got announced shipped because the 138/148 people complained that it overlapped their throughput with much better price/performance.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

I also got sucked into doing enhancements for 138/148 followon to 135/145 ... in some escalation meetings (with 125), I was expected to simultaneously sit on both sides of the table arguing with myself. Endicott then asked me to spend a year periodically running around the world to explain the 138/148 to the business planning and forecasting people. US regions forecast products ... if the forecasts were wrong, the plants absorbed it ... compared to World Trade, where the country ordered and bought those machines from the plant and then it was each countries responsibility getting orders from customers. As a result there was no accountability for US bad forecasts, promotions were based on forecasting what hdqtrs told them was strategic, while WT business people got fired for poor forecasting. Also plants had to do their own US forecasts because region forecasts couldn't be relied on. US forecasting said that because 138/148 had IBM logo it would be some percent more than 135/145 regardless of features. WT forecasting said that unless 138/148 had better features it would sell no boxes against competition. old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

Also one of my hobbies was doing enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters, including HONE (when EMEA 1st moved from US to Paris, HONE asked me to go over to do HONE clone in Paris). When running around the world for Endicott, if there was a HONE clone, the HONE people would want me to stop in and talk to them.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

About the same time, Amdahl was selling its machines to universities and technical institutions but hadn't broken into true blue commercial market. There was lots of customers that like me to stop by and visit. There was one of the largest financial commercial IBM customer that had enormous machine room with vast sea of "blue" boxes ... the datacenter manager like me to come by and talk with him and his people. At one point the branch manager did something that horribly offended the customer ... who then said that they were going to order an Amdahl system to teach the branch manager a lesson. I was then asked to go sit onsite at the customer for six months to help obfuscate why the customer was installing an Amdahl system. I refused to go along with the charade, I knew the customer wouldn't change their mind. I was then told that the branch manager was good sailing buddy of the CEO ... if I didn't do this, it would be a black mark on the branch manager's career ... and I could forget about having any career in IBM, promotions or raises.

Later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM (responsible for lot of the F15, F16, and A10). By the time he passes the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it was the Marines at Arlington (1990, Marine commandant had leveraged Boyd for make-over of the corp). It was then a surprise for USAF to have Boyd Hall after he passed:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999

... snip ...

When he was instructor at Nellis, he had been considered possibly the best fighter pilot in the world. He was referred to as "40 second Boyd" because he had outstanding challenge to all fighter pilots in the world, he give them advantage on his tail and reverse it within 40 seconds. He never lost.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
Date: 03 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform; It's bad enough that the banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and the White House
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510
How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank; Battalions of regulatory lawyers burrowed deep in the federal bureaucracy to foil reform.
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
Josh Rosner on How Dodd Frank Institutionalizes Too Big to Fail
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html

Rosner focuses on Articles I and II of Dodd Frank and describes how their plans to deal with resolving large firms has only made matters worse. It' s key to understand that these two sections are somewhat at odds with each other. Dodd Frank peculiarly provides for two ways to wind up systemically important firms. Title I says they should prepare for bankruptcy. They need to clean up how they are organized and make sure activities fit or can be mapped into legal entities and prepare living wills, which are plans for how they would wind themselves up. But confusingly, banks can also be "resolved" which is more like "rescued with a little pain inflicted on investors" under Title II. Title II provides for a second way to deal with stressed financial firms, which includes having the government provide what amounts to debtor-in-possession financing while the bank is restructured. This, sports fans, is what is otherwise known as a bailout.
... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Are Treasury and the Fed at Odds Over Big Banks? Treasury Secretary Lew keeps hands off as Wall Street giants grow larger.
http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/are-treasury-and-the-fed-at-odds-over-big-banks-20130524

But at his 2010 Senate confirmation hearing to become head of Office of Management and Budget, Lew also indicated that he didn't consider the deregulation of Wall Street to be a "proximate" cause of the financial crisis --an answer that put him at odds with his boss, who declared as a presidential candidate in 2008: "It's because of deregulation that Wall Street was able to engage in the kind of irresponsible actions that have caused this financial crisis."
... snip ...

Gretchen Morgenson on Why Banks Are Still Too Big To Fail
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

Dodd-Frank set up a system to unwind troubled institutions when they become troubled. But it requires regulators taking a really firm stand against large, politically-interconnected, and powerful companies ... I just think it's too easy to put the taxpayer on the hook and bail these people out
... snip ...

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform, Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

some of the ploys referenced in above, email was uncovered that wallstreet lobbyists were providing provisions to be included in the Dodd-Frank draft. In some cases, they were blatant ridiculous, the added provisions would leak and then the same lobbyists would ridicule the provisions as part of discrediting the process. In other cases the provided provisions were enormously complex or fatally flawed, guaranteeing that it would take years attempting (or impossible) to come up with regulations.

posts mentioning Dodd-Frank:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#78 More Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 03 Feb 2017 13:09:37 -0800
hancock4 writes:

The NYT and other news agencies reported that President Trump moved to roll back the Obama administration's legacy on financial regulation on Friday, announcing an array of steps to undo rules enacted to prevent a repeat of the 2008 financial crisis and turning to the Wall Street titans he had demonized during his campaign for advice. After a White House meeting with the business executives on Friday, Mr. Trump signed a directive calling for a rewriting of major provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, crafted by the Obama administration and passed by Congress in response to the 2008 meltdown, the White House said. A second directive he signed is expected to halt and possibly require an overhaul of an Obama-era Labor Department rule that requires brokers to act in a client's best interest, rather than seek the highest profits for themselves, when providing retirement advice.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/03/business/dealbook/trump-congress-financial-regulations.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank

It became clear (to me) in the spring of 2009 that congress had no intention of doing anything substantive about wall street. January, 2009 I was asked to HTMLize(/web pages) the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29 crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions with jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have the appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

there is: "Confidence Men" pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... and "Age of Greed" pg370:

In addition, the Justice Department was now investigating reduced rate mortgages Mozilo allegedly sold to Senators Chris Dodd of Connecticut and Kent Conrad of North Dakota, as well as two former heads of Fannie Mae, Jim Johnson and Franklin Raines. They were known as "Friends of Angelo."
... snip ...

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess/financialcrisis
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform; It's bad enough that the banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and the White House
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510
How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank; Battalions of regulatory lawyers burrowed deep in the federal bureaucracy to foil reform.
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
Josh Rosner on How Dodd Frank Institutionalizes Too Big to Fail
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html

Rosner focuses on Articles I and II of Dodd Frank and describes how their plans to deal with resolving large firms has only made matters worse. It' s key to understand that these two sections are somewhat at odds with each other. Dodd Frank peculiarly provides for two ways to wind up systemically important firms. Title I says they should prepare for bankruptcy. They need to clean up how they are organized and make sure activities fit or can be mapped into legal entities and prepare living wills, which are plans for how they would wind themselves up. But confusingly, banks can also be "resolved" which is more like "rescued with a little pain inflicted on investors" under Title II. Title II provides for a second way to deal with stressed financial firms, which includes having the government provide what amounts to debtor-in-possession financing while the bank is restructured. This, sports fans, is what is otherwise known as a bailout.
... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Are Treasury and the Fed at Odds Over Big Banks? Treasury Secretary Lew keeps hands off as Wall Street giants grow larger.
http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/are-treasury-and-the-fed-at-odds-over-big-banks-20130524

But at his 2010 Senate confirmation hearing to become head of Office of Management and Budget, Lew also indicated that he didn't consider the deregulation of Wall Street to be a "proximate" cause of the financial crisis --an answer that put him at odds with his boss, who declared as a presidential candidate in 2008: "It's because of deregulation that Wall Street was able to engage in the kind of irresponsible actions that have caused this financial crisis."
... snip ...

Gretchen Morgenson on Why Banks Are Still Too Big To Fail
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

Dodd-Frank set up a system to unwind troubled institutions when they become troubled. But it requires regulators taking a really firm stand against large, politically-interconnected, and powerful companies ... I just think it's too easy to put the taxpayer on the hook and bail these people out
... snip ...

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform, Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

some of the ploys involved in Dodd-Frank, email was uncovered that wallstreet lobbyists were providing provisions to be included in the Dodd-Frank draft. In some cases, they were blatant ridiculous, the added provisions would leak and then the same lobbyists would ridicule the provisions as part of discrediting the process. In other cases the provided provisions were enormously complex or fatally flawed, guaranteeing that it would take years attempting (or impossible) to come up with regulations.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 03 Feb 2017 16:17:43 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

The problem with the EPA is that it doesn't have adult supervision if the current President doesn't pay attention. There are other regulatory groups which are in the same situation.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order

for the most part ... the regulatory agencies have been compromised ("regulatory capture") by large powerful corporations and industries. The most notable was financial mess with SEC, OCC, Federal Researve, FDIC, etc. ... also shows up in comments about how dodd-frank was drafted (enormous amounts of obfuscation, misdirection and misinformation)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

misc. refs

California's Biggest 'Secret' -- Oil Industry Capture of the Regulatory Apparatus
http://www.eastbayexpress.com/SevenDays/archives/2015/07/29/californias-biggest-secret-oil-industry-capture-of-the-regulatory-apparatus
Combatting External and Internal Regulatory Capture
https://promarket.org/combatting-external-internal-regulatory-capture/
How Industry and the Feds Suppressed Evidence That Plastics Wreak Havoc on Our Hormones
http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/03/regulatory-capture-bpa-plastic-estrogen-endocrine-disruptor-feds
New ALEC Documents Show Regulatory Capture in Action
https://www.thenation.com/article/new-alec-documents-show-regulatory-capture-action/
EPA Contaminated by Conflict of Interest
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/spc/multimedia/epa-corporate/
Documents Reveal EPA's National Fracking Study Halted by Industry Pressure
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jesse-coleman/documents-reveal-epas-nat_b_6808996.html
EPA Used Monsanto's Research to Give Roundup a Pass
https://theintercept.com/2015/11/03/epa-used-monsanto-funded-research/
Mapping Out The Revolving Door Between Gov't And Big Business In Venn Diagrams
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20111221/17561617164/mapping-out-revolving-door-between-govt-big-business-venn-diagrams.shtml
Frackonomics
http://www.dollarsandsense.org/archives/2013/0713larson.html
Reforming Regulation
https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/economy/reports/2016/11/01/291499/reforming-regulation/

we now have secretary of state that was CEO of company involved in ... campaign of misinformation, obfuscation and misdirection, a small number of the articles

What Exxon knew
http://magazine.columbia.edu/explorations/winter-2015-16/what-exxon-knew
Columbia Journalism Report Criticizes Exxon CEO's Position On Climate Change
http://www.npr.org/2016/12/13/505442921/columbia-journalism-report-criticizes-exxon-ceos-position-on-climate-change
Exxon Knew about Climate Change almost 40 years ago. A new investigation shows the oil company understood the science before it became a public issue and spent millions to promote misinformation
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/exxon-knew-about-climate-change-almost-40-years-ago/
Exxon's Climate Concealment
https://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/10/opinion/exxons-climate-concealment.html
Research Confirms ExxonMobil, Koch-Funded Climate Denial Echo Chamber Polluted Mainstream Media
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/33789-research-confirms-exxonmobil-koch-funded-climate-denial-echo-chamber-polluted-mainstream-media
Granddaughter of Exxon Scientist Confronts CEO over Oil Giant's Decision to Fund Climate Lies
https://www.democracynow.org/2016/5/26/granddaughter_of_exxon_scientist_confronts_ceo
Scientific organizations must stop taking money from Exxon
http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/energy-environment/295761-scientific-organizations-must-stop-taking-money-from
Shareholders Ask the SEC: Stop ExxonMobil's Attempts To Block Climate Resolutions
http://www.triplepundit.com/2016/02/shareholders-ask-sec-stop-exxonmobils-attempts-block-climate-resolutions/
Exxon Continued Paying Millions To Climate-Change Deniers Under Rex Tillerson
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/tillerson-exxon-climate-donations_us_5873a3f4e4b043ad97e48f52
Tillerson ducks Exxon climate change allegations. Rex Tillerson just doesn't want to talk about whether oil giant Exxon misled the public on climate change.
http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/11/investing/tillerson-hearing-exxon-climate-change/
Two-faced Exxon: the misinformation campaign against its own scientists
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2015/nov/25/two-faced-exxon-the-misinformation-campaign-against-its-own-scientists
Study: ExxonMobil Now the Only Giant Oil Co. Failing to Act on Global Warming Risks
http://www.csrwire.com/press_releases/23390-Study-ExxonMobil-Now-the-Only-Giant-Oil-Co-Failing-to-Act-on-Global-Warming-Risks
Exxon-Mobil CEO Downplays the Global Warming Threat
https://skepticalscience.com/exxon-mobi-ceo-denies-climate-threat.html
Can ExxonMobil Be Found Liable for Misleading the Public on Climate Change? Scientists at the biggest U.S. oil company understood as early as anyone that fossil fuel emissions were heating up the earth's atmosphere.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-09-07/will-exxonmobil-have-to-pay-for-misleading-the-public-on-climate-change
Exxon Is Fighting for Its Right to Deny Climate Change
https://www.wired.com/2016/07/exxon-fighting-right-deny-climate-change/
Exxon knew of climate change in 1981, email says -- but it funded deniers for 27 more years
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jul/08/exxon-climate-change-1981-climate-denier-funding
Exxon Mobil is ordered to hand over climate change research
http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-exxon-mobil-climate-change-documents-20170112-story.html
Exxon ordered to turn over 40 years of climate change research
http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/12/investing/exxon-loses-climate-change-ruling/
Investigation Finds Exxon Ignored Its Own Early Climate Change Warnings
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/investigation-finds-exxon-ignored-its-own-early-climate-change-warnings/
Researchers: Exxon, Koch Family Have Powered the Climate-Denial Machine for Decades
http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2015/12/01/exxonmobil_koch_family_have_powered_climate_change_denial_for_decades.html
Exxon has known about climate change since the 1970s
http://fortune.com/2015/09/16/exxon-climate-change/
Exxon Mobil on Hot Seat for Global Warming Denial
http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/11/05/exxon-mobil-under-investigation-for-climate-change-denial
ExxonMobil funded a climate change denier years after it claimed to have stopped
http://www.theverge.com/2015/2/27/8122913/exxonmobil-climate-change-denier-willie-soon
ExxonMobil Vs. The World
http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2016/11/30/503825417/exxonmobil-vs-the-world
How Exxon Mobil Lied About Climate Change
http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/politics/news/a36337/climate-change-liars/
New York is investigating Exxon Mobil for allegedly misleading the public about climate change
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2015/11/05/exxonmobil-under-investigation-for-misleading-the-public-about-climate-change/
Pressure on Exxon Over Climate Change Intensifies With New Documents
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/14/science/pressure-on-exxon-over-climate-change-intensifies-with-new-documents.html
What Exxon Knew About Climate Change
http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/what-exxon-knew-about-climate-change
What Exxon knew about climate change, and when it knew it
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/what-exxon-knew-about-climate-change-and-when-it-knew-it
What Exxon knew about the Earth's melting Arctic
http://graphics.latimes.com/exxon-arctic/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 Feb 2017 09:41:19 -0800
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:

Or, copy the bailout mechanism that around half the other OECD countries have.

Here, we do bail out, but only with equity, and only when there is absolutely no other alternative.

That means that the bailout will get to own 90+ percent of the company being bailed out, and the original equity is close to nulled out.

This happened here with the four biggest banks ca 1991-92. The best one had take over one of the others earlier, and was dragged down into bailout. They got to keep ~14%. The two others were at ~6% and ~4% respectively. All shareholders got an offer to be reimbursed at this lower rate, but very few took the offer.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

trivia: S&L crisis time-frame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

approx same time frame ('89) somebody did math/computer modeling of the citibank variable rate mortgage portfolia (largest in the country) and found that only small changes in the interest rate could take the bank down. as a result, citibank sold off its mortgage portfolio and got out of the mortgage business ... and required private bailout to stay in business (money coming from foreign country, and significant percentage of the bank was then owned by foreign entity) ... old post (from same year that I was asked to try and help pervent the coming economic crisis)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

Role forward a decade (from that bailout) and all institutional knowledge of the cause of that earlier bailout appears to evaporate ... back as major player in securitized mortgages (which can be viewed as form of variable rate mortgage porfolio). A major difference between the earlier bailout and the situation last decade ... is combination of repeal of Glass-Steagall and other deregulation ... is that citibank is the TBTF carrying the largest amount of those securitized mortgages "offbook" (so even tho tens of billions of securitized mortgages had gone for 22cents on the dollar late summer 2008, being carried "offbook" the disaster didn't show on the banks books). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

and from this post a couple days ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#0 Trump to sign cyber security order

Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

and just four largest TBTF carrying $5.2T "off book" (and citi carrying the most of the four)

Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

So investors betting for quick solutions to the financial crisis could be disappointed. The tangled web that banks wove over the years will take a long time to undo.

At the end of 2008, for example, off-balance-sheet assets at just the four biggest U.S. banks -- Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Wells Fargo & Co. -- were about $5.2 trillion, according to their 2008 annual filings.

... snip ...

as periodically mentioned before, the $700B appropriated for TARP supposedly to buy these "off book" assets couldn't hardly dent the problem. TARP was used for other purposes (most went to AIG forced to pay off the CDS gambling bets at face value) and the Federal Reserve handled the bailout ... buying trillions in off book assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

When FED lost long fought legal battle and had to disclose what it was doing, the FED chairman held a press conference to say that he had thought that the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

at the time of the economic mess bailout, there were a few articles that one of the major motivations was to help the citibank investor/owners from this other country (that provided the earlier private bailout), incidently the country was also from where the majority of the 9/11 terrorists originated.

A couple years ago, the ban was lifted allowing the 9/11 victim families to sue that country as responsible for 9/11. a few past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#43 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#93 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#24 Frieden calculator

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 Feb 2017 10:16:18 -0800
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:

What happened to the directors? I was getting rid of them.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#6 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

April 2008, before the economic mess crash really hit, there was an article out of the wharton business school that estimated approx. 1000 people were responsible for 80% of the mess and it would go a long way to fixing the problem if the gov. could figure out how to separate them from their positions ... article disappeared behind registration wall ... but sometimes re-appears in the open ... but it also leaked to the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20080606084328/http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1933

it also references the triple-A rated toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Later Oct2008 congressional hearing into the privotal role that the rating agencies played, that there was testimony that the rating agencies were selling triple-A ratings for toxic CDOs when they knew weren't worth triple-A. One of the TV news people covering the hearings predicted that their would never be federal prosecution of the rating agencies because they could blackmail the gov. with credit rating downgrade.

It was also the spring of 2008, that it started to dawn on some investors that the rating agencies where selling triple-A ratings and possibly the ratings couldn't be trusted and it froze the muni-bond market. Warren Buffett then steps and started offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market

past posts referencing the Wharton article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#32 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#44 Fixing finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#52 IBM CEO's remuneration last year ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#66 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#89 Credit Crisis Timeline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#4 A Merit based system of reward -Does anybody (or any executive) really want to be judged on merit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#67 Do you have other examples of how people evade taking resp. for risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#73 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#77 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#79 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#85 Banks' Demise: Why have the Governments hired the foxes to mend the chicken runs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#1 Are Both The U.S. & UK on the brink of debt disaster?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#11 Amid Economic Turbulence, Mainframes Counter IT Cost-Cutting Trend
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#18 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#25 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#49 US disaster, debts and bad financial management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#11 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#38 People to Blame for the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#20 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#27 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#35 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#22 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#38 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#40 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#74 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#17 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#55 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#4 HSBC's Settlement Leaves Us In A Scary Place
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#73 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#8 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#47 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

BSAM vs QSAM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: BSAM vs QSAM
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Feb 2017 10:53:50 -0800
0000013a910fd252-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (David W Noon) writes:

All of the buffer fills and buffer flushes occur quite separately from the application program. The EXCP macro is a wonderful thing.

A big problem with the EXCP semantics ... it had applications (and/or libraries running in application space) to build channel programs/CCWs in the application space. EXCP then takes the passed channel program pointer and initiates the I/O.

In the move to all virtual memory ... the big problem is that channel programs (CCWs) execute with real addresses ... after virtual memory, all the channel programs were being built with virtual addresses. The original justification for moving everything to virtual memory was the horrible MVT storage management (regions required to be four times larger than typically used) ... typical 370/165 with 1mbyte memory ran four regions. Moving to virtual memory could increase number of regions by a factor of four with little or no paging, the increase level of concurrent activity significantly increasing system throughput (as disks were increasingly becoming system throughput bottleneck). Old post with quotes from person directly involved
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

The initial implementation VS2 release 1 (SVS) did a little bit of code to have single 16mbyte virtual address space ... with MVT layed out as if running in 16mbyte real machine. The majority of the code was in EXCP having to create a copy of the passed channel programs, substituting real addresses for the virtual addresses ... the code was borrowed by taking "CCWTRANS" from (virtual machine) CP67.

The move to release 2, MVS involved (sort of) giving each application a 16mbyte virtual address space. However, the extensive MVT pointer-passing convention required giving 8mbytes of each address space half the 16mbyte for image of the MVS supervisor. Then because MVT subsystems were moved to their own separate address spaces ... to enable pointer passing convention between applications and subsystems, they had to be stuffed into the "common segment" to support pointer passing API convention. Starts out as single one mbyte segment, but because the space needed is somewhat proportional to concurrent activity, number of subsystems, etc ... it evolves to CSA ... larger systems with 4-6mbytes CSA ... leaving 2-4mbytes for applications. Late in 3033 period, CSAs were threatening to expand to 8mbytes ... leaving no available space in 16mbytes for application use.

Also from CP67, charlie had invented compare&swap while working on CP67 fine-grain multiprocessor locking (compare&swap chosen because CAS are his initials). Initial attempts to get it included in 370 were rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating system people said it wasn't needed. 370 architecture people said to justify compare&swap, needed uses other than kernel locking.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Thus were born the uses that still appear in the appendex of principles of operation ... including wait/post ECB

ECB
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.2.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r2.idas300/ecb.htm
wait/post
http://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.1.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r1.ieaa600/tasks.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 Feb 2017 17:36:49 -0800
Bill Findlay <findlaybill@blueyonder.co.uk > writes:

I first held in my hands (literally) a 780-equivalent laptop in 2001.

If I have done the maths correctly, my 2011-model MacBook Pro is equivalent to about 2500 780s, or about 5000 KI10s, taking just 400 microseconds to run the Whetstone benchmark.


old post about in mid-90s redoing "routes" (about 25% of use) for largest airline res system ... making it 100 faster and doing all ten things existing version couldn't do ... ten rs/6000 990s would handle the load for all airlines in the world. A decade later, cellphone (xscale) processor had more capacity and faster processing than 990.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#79 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#53 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#52 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#34 Access z/OS 3270 TSO from "smartphone"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#59 IBM's z196 Article at RWT

other past posts mentioning implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#23 IA64 Rocks My World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#99 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#7 Fwd: [sqlite] presentation about ordering and atomicity of filesystems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#117 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#93 Delta Outage

an issue was that latency to memory ... when measured in number of processor cycles, was approaching 60s latency to disk (when measured in number of 60s processor cycles). past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#12 University rank of Computer Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#23 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#58 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#4 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#67 relative speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#53 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#97 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#5 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#74 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#68 Raspberry Pi 3?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#38 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#36 z/OS Operating System size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 1970s

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 1970s
Date: 04 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 IBM 1970s

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (early precursor to social networking) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee were told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Having 5 of the corporate executive committee wanting to fire me pretty much eliminated any chance of promoting me to the highest technical position (if earlier activity hadn't already precluded promotion, started to be jokes that the position had become increasingly political). However the 6th started providing funds out of his office that allowed me to work on projects as if I had been promoted to the company's highest technical position. Later in the early 90s, both my wife and I took an early out leave (with no possibility of return), with bridge to 30yrs. From truth is stranger than fiction, the first day on leave, I get a letter at home saying I had been promoted (IBM, the company that promotes you after you leave).

from IBM Jargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

There were a lot of "task force" activity in the wake of "Tandem Memos" ... One of the results were official corporate sanctioned forums.

past posts mentioning (IBM Jargon) Tandem Memos:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#5 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#21 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#36 Early mainframe tcp/ip support (from ibm-main mailing list)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#78 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#88 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#17 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#6 Origins of "User-friendly"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#67 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#55 Transition to Retirement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#65 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#1 Time to choose the Knights of 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#0 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#6 Real Hackers use Big Iron (Humor)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#7 Why former IBMers who left maybe years ago for any reason are still active on the Greater IBM Connection?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#46 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#43 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#58 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#81 How Criticizing in Private Undermines Your Team - Harvard Business Review
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#58 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#19 It was 30 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#11 50th anniversary S/360 coming up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#52 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#21 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#24 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#47 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#68 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#48 IBM's One Hundred Year History Is About Cash, Culture and Mutualism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#20 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#67 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#49 Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#72 Fridays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#106 Blogs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#0 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#9 IBM email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#56 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#91 IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#31 Erich Bloch, IBM pioneer who later led National Science Foundation, dies at 91

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 05 Feb 2017 11:04:32 -0800
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:

Agencies need a success criteria. Get them used to measuring themselves against it. Both the organisation and the individuals. They will still veer off course but the people inside will bring the agency back under the next head.

GAO has actual done such for Sarbanes-Oxley & SEC ... but it has essentially been totally ignored.

Claims for Sarbanes-Oxley were that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jailtime, but it required SEC to do something. Apparently because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showed that they increased after SOX goes into effect ... and nobody doing jailtime. SOX also required that SEC do something about the credit rating agencies ... which were one of the primary enablers for the economic mess.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

regulations, agencies, laws, and politicians ... document/evaluate objectives/claims against actual results. claims that congress knew that SEC wouldn't do anything for SOX ... so that SOX was all a public *show* ... aka Kabuki Theater ... what you see has very little to do with what actually goes on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Similar to stories about what went on for Dodd-Frank ... many of the provisions were authored by wallstreet lobbyists ... some that they could turn around and ridicule to discredit the process and others that were enormously complex that made it impossible to create effective regulation. recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#0 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order

Also, the claims are that the DNC response to Sanders' lawsuit is that "fair" and "truth" have no legal standing with respect to politics (politicians have no legal requirement to be either fair or truthful) ... a posterchild is that they have (also) exempted themselves from "insider trading" laws.

the graph about upswing in inequality started around 1980 ... corresponding with rise of Milton Friedman, deregulation, and regulatory capture (regulations that couldn't be made to go away, they just ignored)
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent posts about Kahneman (a psychologist) getting Nobel Prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman's theories involving rational man
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order

congress still requires real human voters (corporations are not yet people that have the vote, like "city of london") ... so for major disasters, congress has to at least appear like they are doing something ("city of london" corporate influence heavily involved in tax havens and money laundering, 9k human voters, 32+k "corporate" voters)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

Major *success failure* ... along the lines of the rapidly spreading success of failure culture last decade that went along with the massive increas in outsourcing
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
70% of intelligence budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

a big factor in the outsourcing to "beltway bandits" was their acquisition by "private equity", laws are that agencies can't lobby and companies can't use revenue from gov. contracts for lobbying. (recent fines for companies doing Hanford atomic cleanup for lobbying) ... however when they are owned by "private equity" companies, it obfuscates where the lobbying money is coming from (there have been references that congress expects 10% of such congressional appropriations goes to "lobbying" ... split evenly between the lobbyist and congress, evidence all the members of congress that have become significantly wealthy after becoming member of congress).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

the major secuirity leaks (in the news) out of intelligence community have been by employees of for-profit operations owned by private equity companies. major gov. "breaches" have been at outsourced operations owned by private equity companies.

A major presidential campaign plank in 2008 was to bring the enormous out-sourced operations that happened last decade, back in house .... it didn't happen ... in large part because congress was needed to shift appropriations from out-sourced contracts (where they can effectively get a kickback) to gov. agencies.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 05 Feb 2017 14:59:09 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

Claims for Sarbanes-Oxley were that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jailtime, but it required SEC to do something. Apparently because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showed that they increased after SOX goes into effect ... and nobody doing jailtime. SOX also required that SEC do something about the credit rating agencies ... which were one of the primary enablers for the economic mess.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order

The old vitriol about SOX was that it enormously increased the cost of audits. Joke was that congress felt so bad about one of the big audit houses going out of business over the illegal activity at ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

that the SOX audits were a "full employment" gift to the audit industry.

After SOX goes into effect, I'm invited to an EU conference of EU CEOs and exchange presidents on how EU companies were being contaminated by SOX when they deal with US companies. I basically give a talk on how the increased audit requirements weren't going to turn up any significant additional fraud ... its all a facade/farce ... more Kabuki Theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#42 The Godfather of Kathmandu
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#34 Mitt Romney avoids U.S tax by using Offshore bank accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#85 Study: One in Five Firms Misrepresent Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#64 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#91 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#151 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#52 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#65 In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:51:49 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

And a measurement of success could be the amount of money brought in via fines, penalties and law suit settlements.

Studies find that big money special interest by far dominate discussions/influence with regulator agencies:

Empirical studies confirm that the regulatory process itself is also skewed in favor of special interest groups. Start with the notice and comment process: In a study of 30 rules and nearly 1,700 comments during the period from 1994 to 2001, political scientists found that business interests submitted more than 57 percent of the comments, compared with 6 percent from public interest groups.7 The study's analysis showed that while business commenters have influence over the substance of final rules, nonbusiness commenters do not. Further, the more business commenters there are, the greater their influence. Another study looked at the Environmental Protection Agency's, or EPA's, rulemakings on air toxics emission standards for more than 100 industries. It found that industry provided 81 percent of comments, compared with 4 percent from public interest groups.
... snip ..

in the case of financial ... the sham of "deferred prosecution" and fines is just window dressing for the public (Kabuki Theater) ... the joke has become that the fines (even billions of dollars) are so small compared to the amounts involved that it is just being viewed as cost of running a criminal enterprise.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

another issue on the part of Dodd-Frank (Dodd was one of the "friends of angelo" ... angelo is #1 on times list of those responsible for economic mess) ... is the excessive regulation for small community banks. The unregulated risky investment banking was major force behind the economic mess ... Glass-Steagall had kept unregulated risky investment banking activity separate from regulated safety&soundness of regulated depository institutions. Repeal of Glass-Steagall allowed combining large investment banking to contaminate regulated depository institutions ... creating too big to fail ... when unregulated investment banking was going to take down the institution ... rather than let it fail ... the excuse was to keep them alive in order to save the depository institutions. This results in "moral hazard" ... the risky investment banking gambling gets the wins ... but the public pay for their losses.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

The choice was either reinstitute Glass-Steagall and don't allow depository institutions to deal in risky gambling ... or regulate the big mega too big to fail to minimize the effect that their gambling losses will on the depository operation. The publicity of Dodd-Frank regulations unfair burden on small community banking are either 1) fabricated alternate facts or 2) the wallstreet lobbyists were able to sneak in articles what would affect small community banks as part of discrediting the process (as they were found to be doing in other cases). Small community banks don't have large investment banks that need to have their risky gambling activities regulated.

Congress passes laws that government agencies are suppose to enforce. Part of that processes has government agencies specifying regulations that would enforce the congressional laws.

Big money interests extensive lobby congress in various ways regarding the laws ... and if they don't get everything they want there (or congress has to pass certain laws as part of Kabuki Theater for the public) ... then the big money interests lobby/capture the regulatory agencies that are responsible for enforcing the laws passed by congress.

In the late 1800s, the big wallstreet banks sent out something like 30,000-50,000 letters to small community banks to ask that they contact their congresssmen opposing some financial legislation (that would only affect the big wallstreet banks). The letters had alternate facts with fabricated explanations why the legislation would affect the small community banks.

Big money interests spend huge amounts of money lobbying congress to prevent legislation that affect them, when the issues are so public that it can't be blocked ... then they help fabricate part of the legislation making it overly complex and contridictory ... reducing the probability it will affect them (and helping discredit the process). Then they attempt capture of the regulatory agencies responsible for implementating the legislation (minimizing the actual enforcement, congress gets the publicity for passing the legislation, but it is then nullified behind the scenes). When frontal assault on the process doesn't work for the big money interests ... then they use indirect approaches, discrediting the process and fabricating cases with real (like inserting unnecessary wording) or imaginary cases where it hurts the little guy.

In the financial world ... the ENRON case was so public that congress couldn't pass something ... so Sarbanes-Oxley was passed ... but it was nullified by capture of SEC not enforcing SOX (from GAO reports). Similar with Dodd-Frank ... but wording was extended so many things were contradictory and other things were expanded to institutions that weren't involved in investment banking risky gambling.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

EPA regulations are suppose to implement congressional legislation for clean air & water. Big publicity problem for congress to repeal clean air & water legislation. So big money needs to misdirect ... either real & or fabricated EPA regulations that contribute little or nothing to clean air & water, minimizing the effect on their bottom line, but contributes to publicity to discredit the process.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 13:00:29 -0800
hancock4 writes:

Defining "success" for government operations is a lot harder. For instance, was WW II a "success". On the surface it sure seems to be since we won. But could we have won at less cost of lives and treasure? How does one determine realistic and reasonable goals in war?

as
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order

GAO effectively shows that apparently the only thing Sarbanes-Oxley (passed in the wake of ENRON) has done is provide full employment for the audit industry (after they took bad hit in the wake of the ENRON illegal activity) ... no executives and auditors jailed for public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showed fraud increases after SOX goes into effect.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

there was recent article about how excellent US army managed to defeat the axis.

2/3rds of Japanese war effort was on mainland china (not against US) and 3/4ths of Russian war effort was against russia. The US and the other allies managed to defeat the other 25% of the rest of the German war effort after Russia managed to destroy majority of the front line troops.

there was reference to Roosevelt complaining that Churchill was constantly attempting to delay the invasion of the continent ... waiting until Russia and Germany had totally exhausted each other ... which would give Great Britain free hand on the continent and the middle east after the war. Roosevelt said that would result in the war continuing until 1947 ... which the American public wouldn't stand for.

In the battle of the bulge ... Patton was recommending that just let the German army advance with little opposition ... they would then out run their supply lines and could be rolled up with very little effort. The counter was they might reach the outskirts of Paris ... which would be poor politics ... so had to have big battles. Patton then was to attack one side of the base of the bulge ... while Montgomery attacked the other side of the base of the bulge ... which would cut off supply lines and prevent retreat (allowing all to be still captured). Montgomery never got around to attacking until most of the Germans had managed to escape ... which contributed to war lasting longer.

in any case ... WW2 was great victory for the military-industrial complex ... significantly enriching them, which was part of Eisenhower's warning about the military-industrial complex.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

More recently ... the rapidly spreading success of failure culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

makes more money than a success ... contributes to culture of "perpetual war" (never concluding hostilities)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

also significantly enriches the military-industrial complex.

Justification for invading Iraq was first they supported Al-Qadea ... which they didn't, so then switched to Iraq had WMDs ... also it would only cost $50B. The wars are passing $5T ... 100 times greater ... and its not finished (enormous boost in revenue for the military-industry complex).

Cousin of White House chief of staff Card was dealing with Iraqis in the UN and given proof that the WMDs had been decomissioned, shared with several members in the administration and then was locked up in military hospital. Eventually got out and published this in 2010 (4yrs before the information was declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

Decommissioned WMDs, tracing back to the US in the Iran-Iraqi war, were found early in the invasion ... but information was classified until fall of 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). and from the law of unintended consequences, invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps, looking for the WMDs
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

when they got around to going back, million metric tons had evaporated ... some of which start showing up in IEDs, including taking out Abrams. Part of the claims are that Iraq had learned from Desert Storm to minimize targets for US air power.

picture here of earlier and future SECDEF dealing with Saddam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

CIA director was refusing to agree with "team b" analysis of Soviet military ... justifying significant DOD budget increase. The white house chief of staff replaces the CIA director with somebody that would go along with "team b".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

The chief of staff then resigns and becomes SECDEF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld
... and his assitant becomes becomes chief of staff
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

They are then dealing with Saddam in the Iran-Iraq war.

WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
Team B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

trivia: some of the same people involved in tobacco industry misdirection and later in the climate change misdirection were also involved with Team B ... mentioned here:
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 13:23:25 -0800
hancock4 writes:

There was just a news account how the modern day Western Union paid a fine for involvement. The W/U counter has signs stating money will not be sent to certain places due to high scams.

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#45 Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission

I mentioned before, WU was doing very poorly in the 90s and was acquired by First Financial. Then in the late 90s, WU became part of FDC (with merger of First Financial and FDC, FDC was created in 1992, when AMEX spun off a lot of its dataprocessing and outsourcing in the largest IPO up until that time). As part of the merger, FDC had to divest moneygram.

After the start of the century, With the enormous explosion in illegal workers sending money home, WU revenue balloned until it was half of FDC bottom line by 2005 ... at which time FDC spun-off WU in IPO (possibly contributing motivation was invitation to FDC executives from the Mexican President to visit Mexico and be thrown in jail).

trivia: around the turn of the century I did some optimization work on an FDC 500k statement Cobol program that was used for credit card processing that ran on over 40 of IBM's maximum configured mainframes (over billion dollars, at the time, FDC was doing outsourced handling of over half of all credit cards in the US; statements, call-centers, making&issuing cards, transaction processing, etc). They constantly turned over all the mainframes, getting the largest and faster, no mainframe older than 18 months.

They had group of something like 80 people managing the performance of the care&feeding of this application for decades. They were doing primarily hot-spot and code review. At the science center in the 70s, worked on performance with hot-spot, event modeling/simulators, and multiple regression analysis. Since they had been extensively been using hot-spot, I did some multiple regression analysis which turned up some macro structural issues, fixing resulted in 14% throughput improvement.

This datacenter had also paid an engineering company to redesign the most popular datacenter PDU product to significantly improve its operation and turned the results over free to the PDU maker (justified by they needed a much improved product). It quickly becomes the dominant PDU installed in US large datacenters.

past posts mentioning 500k statement cobol program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?

past posts mentioning PDUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#82 write rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#85 Mainframe power failure (somehow morphed from Re: write rings)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#61 Where do the filesystem and RAID system belong?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#15 on-card key generation for smart card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#44 Calculating a Gigalapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#62 ibm icecube -- return of watercooling?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#6 how to set up a computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#64 Transactions for Industrial Strength Programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#41 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#41 COTS software on box ? to replace mainframe was Re: Curious(?) way to ZIP a mainframe file
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#4 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#63 Little bit OT IBM & Air NZ outage report to stay Top Secret
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#26 EPO's (Emergency Power Off)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 14:12:42 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

CIA director was refusing to agree with "team b" analysis of Soviet military ... justifying significant DOD budget increase. The white house chief of staff replaces the CIA director with somebody that would go along with "team b".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#14 Trump to sign cyber security order

those involved turn up in the 80s involved in Iran-Iraq war and dealing with Saddam.

However, the VP (and former CIA director) says he knows nothing of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crisis (actually presides over both the economic mess and the start of fabricated & perpetual wars). S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

However,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#7 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

spring 2008, wharton business school article estimates only 1,000 people are responsible for 80% of the economic mess (which doesn't crash until the following fall) ... and it would go a long way towards rectifying the situation if they could be separated from their jobs.

trivia: somewhat how small the community is ... this recent post mentioning FDC spun off from AMEX, acquires WU, then spins off WU (after the start of the century when its revenue explodes on illegal worker sending payments home).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#15 Trump to sign cyber security order

President of AMEX is in competition to be next CEO and wins.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Looser leaves, taking their protegee to Baltimore and takes over what was described as loan sharking business. They make some more acquisitions eventually acquiring CITIBANK in violation of Glass-Steagall ... recent reference to CITIBANK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#6 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

Greenspan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#greenspan

gives them exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of glass-steagall (enabling too big to fail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

enlisting the aid of several ... including SECTREAS (& former head of Goldman) ... as soon as final ball is rolling on GLBA, SECTREAS resigns and becomes what is described at the time as co-CEO of CITI. The SECTREAS is replaced by their protegee ... who also shows up in this reference about the Rise of Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity

The protegee to the head of CITI (dating back to AMEX days) leaves citi and becomes CEO of another TBTF, Chase (and is still CEO of Chase). Recent post mentioning CITI and CHASE are two of the four largest TBTF carrying $5.2T in (triple-A rated) off-book toxic assets end of 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 "Too big to fail" was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#33 Moody's Agrees to Settle Financial Crisis-Era Claims for $864 Million
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#0 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#6 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

AMEX and KKR were in competition for LBO, private-equity take-over of RJR and KKR wins.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

KKR runs into trouble and hires away the president of AMEX to help turn it around. IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then brings in the former president of AMEX to turn the company around ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Then former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of one of the other large private-equity companies ... which will do LBO of beltway bandit that will employ Snowden
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

After FDC does IPO spin-off of WU, KKR does an LBO of the remaining part of FDC in the largest private-equity LBO up until that time (15 years after FDC had been spunoff from AMEX in the largest IPO up until that time) posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

another recent WU post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#45 Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission

money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 15:04:13 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

KKR runs into trouble and hires away the president of AMEX to help turn it around. IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then brings in the former president of AMEX to turn the company around ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order

interesting(?) development

Donald Trump's Executive Order Will Let Private Equity Funds Drain Your 401(k)
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/06/donald-trumps-executive-order-will-let-private-equity-funds-drain-your-401k/

Large firms like Carlyle, Blackstone, Partners Group, and Kohlberg Kravitz Roberts (KKR) have developed a series of 401(k)-friendly products over the past couple years. Most enable plan advisers to offer private equity stakes to investors as part of a "target fund," in a diversified portfolio with other investments.
... snip ...

Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.
... snip ...

The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds
https://www.amazon.com/Undoing-Project-Friendship-Changed-Minds-ebook/dp/B01GI6S7EK/

goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved Economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."
... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel Prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman economic theories that assumed rational people.

401(k)s are retirement robbery
http://www.salon.com/2014/05/10/401ks_are_retirement_robbery_how_the_koch_brothers_wall_street_and_politicians_conspire_to_drain_social_security/

private equity are notorious for draining funds ... companies currently or formally in private equity mill are responsible for over half of corporate defaults
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

AMEX and KKR are in competition for take-over of RJR, KKR wins but runs into trouble and hires away the president of AMEX to help
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

and then uses same again at IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

goes on to head up Carlyle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

recent posts mentioning Friedman and/or Kahneman:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
Newsgroups: alt.free.newsservers, news.software.readers,
alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 18:18:30 -0800
Whiskers <catwheezel@operamail.com> writes:

Early (1980s) email used the Bang! path method to identify the route a message would take from one user to another - so a usenet Path header preserves an obsolete form of email address which it uses for a different purpose. The Bang! path works over sneakernet or direct client to server or server to server dial-up connections such as existed before packet-switching networks were implemented (also in the 1980s).

I'd forgotten that. I used to exchange emails with other users on my company's mainframe, before there was an internet; we could get emails to and from people outside our internal system too - by special arrangement and instructing the admins where and how to send the outgoing messages. The Bang! addresses for such contacts could be quite long. I think 'HP Desk' was the first software we used for that; later we had 'Microsoft Mail' which could operate with personal computers connected in a LAN.

See <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UUCP> for more information.


the ibm internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. At the time the arpanet did its cutover to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983, arpanet had approx. 100 IMPs and 250 connected hosts ... while the internal network was quickly approaching 1000 nodes. Old list of corporate locations that added one or more nodes during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address

parts of past discussions
http:///www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

including this old email discussing (phonenet) gateway to CSNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#email821022

... which was before the cutover to internetworking protocol, mentions ARPANET, TeleNet (GTE) and Phonenet.

other email about transition from host/imp protocol to internetworking protocol ... mentions the 250 hosts (that were connected to the approx 100 IMP network nodes)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email821230

followup to csnet mailing list ... mentions some of the difficulties they were having in the transition to internetworking protocol (comments that the TCP transition was a lot more trouble than the ARPANET people had anticipate)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email830202

trivia ... TYMSHARE started offering their vm370/cms based online computer conferencing system for free to the (ibm user group) SHARE as VMSHARE in Aug1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

some old email including referencing setting up process where TYMSHARE monthly shipped me a tape with copy of all VMSHARE files
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

UUCP
http://docstore.mik.ua/orelly/networking/puis/ch15_02.htm

mentions, three versions of V2 UUCP written in 77 by Lesk, Nowitz, and Chesson; then HDB/BNU and then the (free) Taylor UUCP.

In the 80s, Chesson was at SGI and did XTP protocol ... and I was on the XTP technical advisory board ... random XTP stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

old email exchange with somebody at UCB (thru the csnet gateway) that includes some numbere of bangs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#email830113

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 18:33:04 -0800
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:

Probably, but the morally wrong criteria.

especially when they are running trillion dollar scams and getting billion dollar fines ... origin of the references that the fines are just being viewed as cost of running criminal business.

pure Kabuki Theater for the public
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#86 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#0 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#109 Why Aren't Any Bankers in Prison for Causing the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#27 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#45 Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission

spring of 2009, IRS had press that they were going after 52,000 wealthy americans that owed $400B in taxes on money illegally stashed overseas. spring of 2011, new congress announces that they are eliminating the budget for the IRS organization responsible for recoverying those taxes (and tax evasion fines). Since then there have been periodic announcements that the large banks that facilitated getting the money out of the country, have been fined (in aggregate) a few billion ... but there hasn't been anything about recovery of the $400B.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

what is even more remarkable ... is that illegal $400B tax evasion last decade is in addition to the $6T in tax loopholes that congress created in the same time frame. 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending can't exceed tax revenue). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, taxes revenue was reduced by $6T and spending was increased by $6T, for a $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (around $2T/yr). Since then spending has been somewhat reduced, but taxes not restored, so deficit continues to increase (around trillion/year) so debt is $20T (and interest on the debt is approaching $500B/yr).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
Newsgroups: alt.free.newsservers, news.software.readers,
alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Feb 2017 09:36:42 -0800
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:

Before direct tcp connections the sending hosts needed a way to avoid making message loops, and the method was to inspect the Path: string, and if the potentially receiving host was mentioned it was already there, and could be skipped. (Should be skipped. As the ethernet broadcast storms tell, it does not take much to take down a network if there is a loop somewhere).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#18 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

sunday before 1988 interop (4 parallel) floor network starting crashing and continued almost until the start of the show before there was resolution to the packet forwarding storm

the "fix" was then incorporated into RFC 1122 ("Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Communication Layers", also STD3) ... that default is *NOT* to forward packets.

misc past posts mentioning interop88
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
Newsgroups: alt.free.newsservers, news.software.readers,
 alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Feb 2017 10:05:34 -0800
"Adam H. Kerman" <ahk@chinet.com> writes:

Sneakernet: Ha ha. It was just too difficult to train carrier pigeons to fly those reels of tape from one site to the next, even within the same campus.

In email, we're using the Received headers for the same purpose, although the route doesn't usually have to be agreed upon in advance, except for a special circumstance of a host not directly connected to the Internet. Received headers are rather verbose.

I hope Usenet retains bang path. It's more elegant.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#18 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#18 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

I got a free (full) usenet satellite feed from pagesat for writing a couple different drivers and doing article for boardwatch magazine. It started out with 9.6kbaud for full feed ... but as the traffic in certain kind of graphic images exploded, they upgraded to 19.2kbaud

i was called into as consultant at a small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology they called SSL they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

Part of was working out service and availability ... both for the webserver to payment networks and from clients (browsers) to (high availability) webservers ... aka no-single-point-of-failure, replicated servers, replicated paths. Initially started out with advertising multiple routes ... but while this was going on ... internet backbone was making transition to hiearchical routing ... and advertising multiple routes no longer would be effective. I then had to move to multiple A-records (hostname mapping to multiple ip-addresses).

I had complete control over the webserver to payment networks ... but could only recommend on the browser to webserver. Classes I gave on multiple-A record support to the browser people ... they complained was too hard (even when i demonstrated code from bsd tahoe&reno clients). It took another year before I got the browser people to deploy multiple a-record support.

The payment network center was accostomed to doing 1st level problem determination on connections issues (from customers, with circuit based connections) in 5mins. The first major webserver internet pilot had early problem and after 3hrs of problem resolution, it was closed as NTF (no trouble found). I then had to write a bunch of problem determination software and resolution process manual ... to try and bring internet environment up to standard business level.

Besides multiple a-record ... there was a bunch of security issues that I could mandate for the webserver/payment network side ... but were almost immediately violated on the browser/webserver side ... which continue to account for some number of exploits that continue to this day.

In the late 90s, visiting major webhosting doing electronic commerce. They mentioned that they were hosting ten commercial operations that all had more activity per month than the top rated site in the monthly public activity listing ... and just happened to specialize in the type of images that had earlier flooded usenet (and had no interest in participating in the public sweepstakes). They also had ten of the top software servers on the internet. They also mentioned that the customers of software servers had the highest fraud activity on the internet ... while the fraud level by customers of image servers was almost non-existant (reference to ethics of software customers was significantly worse than ethics of the image customers).

past pagesat refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#66 UUCP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#20 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#77 Memory Mapped Vs I/O Mapped Vs others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#21 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#70 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#82 [OT] What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#92 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#26 Anyone here run UUCP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#57 email security re: hotmail.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#109 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#59 The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com

past multiple-a record posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#32 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#41 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#76 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#24 A question about HTTPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#68 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#45 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#49 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Feb 2017 10:36:21 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

I'm not as concerned about $$$ crooks as I am about having the agriculture business destroyed. The energy business was also an Obama administration target. It reminds me of the tale about lemmings.

there are a lot of recent news that developments in solar power has dropped the price per kilowatt below coal ... making it problematic that there is much point in eliminating pollution standards to increase coal company profits. Lots of publicity was paid for framing the anti-pollution laws as putting the black lung miners out of work.
https://qz.com/871907/2016-was-the-year-solar-panels-finally-became-cheaper-than-fossil-fuels-just-wait-for-2017/

The runoff from huge increase in agriculture use of chemicals have killed Chesapeake bay and other places. Ten years ago, feds appropriated a billion dollars to pay for fixing the runoff problem for Chesapeake bay ... for some reason the billion dollars disappeared w/o anything being done. Recently a couple more billion was appropriated to pay agriculture to fix the runoff problem ... making no reference that they had previously already been paid to do it and just pocketed the money.

This goes into subject that family farms are caught between big corporate suppliers and big corporate buyers (and blaming EPA is obfuscation and misdirection)
http://www.motherjones.com/tom-philpott/2013/09/does-corporate-farming-exist-barely

A farm scholar once asked an agribusiness executive when his corporation would simply take over the farms. The exec said that it would be dumb for the corporation to do so, in that it is not free to exploit its employees to the degree that farmers are willing to exploit themselves.
... snip ...

aka big corporations can squeeze the family farmers ... harking back to serfs in medieval times ... and in part using obfuscation and misdirection trying to focus on government regulations.

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#103 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM "Breakup"

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM "Breakup"
Date: 07 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
The primary IBM gov. business, FSD (federal systems divsion) was sold to Loral in 1993
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/12/14/business/ibm-to-sell-its-military-unit-to-loral.html

IBM had gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company, then the board brought in the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company. Lots of pieces were sold off at fire sale prices to raise money.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

AMEX had been in competition with KKR to do LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then hires away the president of AMEX to help turn RJR around. Then IBM board hires him to help with IBM, using some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

He then leaves IBM to head up one of the other large private-equity companies ... industry went on spree last decade buying up beltway bandits and lobbying congress for gov. outsourcing ... 70% of intelligence budget and over half the people ... including the company that will employ Snowden
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

Both KKR and Carlyle show up yesterday in this (in large part harking back to the "Retirement Heist")
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/06/donald-trumps-executive-order-will-let-private-equity-funds-drain-your-401k/

private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

The major anti-trust was in the 60s ... resulting in the 23June1969 IBM unbundling announcement.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

In the early 70s, IBM instituted the Future System project ... major objective was to advance state of the art so far ... and so tightly integrate the boxes that it would significantly raise the bar for clone makers. However the FS project was so all consuming that there were few products during this period, significantly contributing to clone makers gaining major market foothold). FS eventually failed w/o even being announced ... and afterwards had IBM rapidly scrambling trying to recover. Claims are that with the FS failure the culture change to "make no waves" and "sycophancy".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Another seismic shift was in the 90s and major focus on stock buybacks and executive compensation. Only trivial percent of bottom line is now boxes ... almost all software & services (and while total mainframe is now only 25% of revenue, it is 40% of profit, milking mainframe software cash cow)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

All through the 80s, PCs was trivial part of IBM revenue ... most of it selling hundreds of thousands of PCs into large corporations as 3270 terminal emulation. The big explosion in the consumer market came with clones from Asia drastically reducing the price. Head of POK mainframe was sent to Boca to head it up (using mainframe strategies?). We use to joke that IBM was loosing $5 on every PS2 sold ... but were planning on making it up by selling in volume. Boca was doing all kind of business studies about price of machines. I distributed weekly posting from SJMN sunday news that had quantity one prices 1/3rd of what Boca was claiming in business plans.

Boca hired Dataquest (before merger with Gartner) to do study of PC market and what it would look like in the future. Person at Dataquest responsible for the study was a friend and asked me to participate (including video tapes of roundtable with silicon valley experts). I cleared it with my management and Dataquest promised to garble my identity so they wouldn't recognize me as the person regularly hassling them about their business plans.

past posts mentioning Dataquest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#55 Moore law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#34 Two subjects: 64-bit OS2/eCs, Innotek Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#81 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#0 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#6 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#62 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#78 SLIGHTLY OT - Home Computer of the Future (not IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#47 First 5.25in 1GB drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#20 9th Feb 2014
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#94 What would Klinger look like in business attire?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Disorder

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Disorder
Date: 08 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder
https://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0812979680/ref=nosim/globalguerril-20

As an undergraduate in the 60s ... one of the things I did was (virtual memory) page replacement algorithms. The academic literature at the time as about assuming "Least Recently Used" (i.e. what has not be used for the longest time is the most likely to also not be used in the future) and partitioning the ordered pages by task. I implemented this LRU algorithm but with global server instead of individual servers (sort of like single line at the bank waiting for multiple clerks with a line for short transactions versus a line for each clerk). I could easily show that the global server strategy outperformed the prevailing academic literature about partition local servers.

The other thing was that there were relatively frequent pathological cases involving LRU where the assumption was invalid, the most likely next page to be used was the one recently replaced under the LRU strategy (i.e. LRU terned out be performing the exact wrong selection). I created a slight of hand coding technique that ordered pages for replacement by LRU when LRU was outperforming unordered/random ... but would automagically fall back to unordered/random when LRU was making the wrong decisions. The switching between LRU/ordered and random/disoreder took advantage of side-effect that happened when LRU/ordered started performing poorly (there wasn't actual testing criteria, I ordered things so it just sort of automagically happened all by itself, taking advantage of side-effects of order performing poorly). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

I would proselytize that when there was insufficient/wrong information, random was better than ordered (since results could be exact opposite of expected) ... sort of corollary to Kahneman and Undoing Project; recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#14 Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order

trivia: some 15yrs later, somebody was working on page replacement algorithms for their Stanford thesis (that was very much like what I had done in the 60s). The academic forces that were behind the 60s' "local" algorithms were heavily lobbying Stanford to not award the PHD (since it was contrary to their long held academic beliefs). Fortunately I had significant amount of apples-to-apples real-world comparisons showing that they were wrong. more trivia: the thesis adviser that was the object of the heavy academic lobby pressure to block awarding the PHD ... later went on to be president of Stanford. old mail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 08 Feb 2017 18:21:21 -0800
Roger Blake <rogblake@iname.invalid> writes:

Permitting unelected bureaucrats to make regulations that have the force of law is an exceedingly bad idea. It always has been. I fully support President Trump's efforts to reign in the EPA and other out-of-control federal agencies.

agencies are required to make regulations to enforce laws passed by congress ... possibly posterchild is congresses laws against "insider trading" ... which required SEC to make regulations to enforce the law(s). The "insider trading" is somewhat egregious since congress exempted themselves from insider trading ... and big factor in many members entering congress with little or no wealth ... and manage to become multi-millioners

If congress hasn't like what an agency is doing, they can just change the laws.

Another posterchild was Sarbanes-Oxley, claims in congreess that it would guarantee executives and auditors did jailtime for fraudulent financial filings ... however it required SEC to do something. In this case congress gets publicity for passing a tough law in the wake of ENRON ... but SEC doesn't actually do anything. Since congress hasn't done anything about the increase in fraudulent financial filings ... apparently SEC is actually acting like congress wants. In the case of EPA, congress just has to change the laws to change what it wants EPA to do.

Criticizing regulators for doing what congress wants ... is obfuscation and misdirection.

Most of the time big special interests are paying congress for what they want along with "regulatory capture" .... making sure the agencies are populated with regulators that are also compromised by the big special interests (last decade the joke was Treasury was goldman-sachs branch office in washington).

All the people running agencies are appointed by the president and approved by legislature, treasury, dod, epa, hew, etc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_federal_agencies_in_the_United_States

in addition, generals & flag officers require congressional approval
http://congressionalresearch.com/RS21714/document.php?study=Generals+and+Flag+Officers+Senior+Military+Officer+Confirmations

this has 1,212+353+680+1,403 needing approval by congress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_appointments_in_the_United_States

<WARNING: computer related> there was a joke in the late 90s, about an agency that was looking at 5k-10k or so cyber & crypto geeks, that in order to compete with industry, they would have to be paid a salary that put them at at level requiring each to have congressional approval ... approval workload which would totally break the congressional infrastructure.

Really increasing last decade were members of congress have worst attendence record in history (since start of the country)
http://www.cnbc.com/2015/10/12/does-your-congressman-show-up-for-work.html
... they fly home on thursday, fly back on tuesday ...
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2012/07/13/13-reasons-why-this-is-the-worst-congress-ever/
and when in washington dc are suppose to spend 4-8hrs/day raising money (dailing for dollars)
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-are-members-of-congress-becoming-telemarketers/

because the problem has become so epidemic, they have reduced schedule for mondays and fridays.

this are recent posts about 80s S&L regulator that refused to do what was wanted to create the S&L crisis ... he was asked to resign so that somebody could be appointed that would agree.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#53 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#99 Trump to sign cyber security order

folklore is that after the S&L crisis, the regulator is given one of the highest paid jobs on wallstreet as reward.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

the VP & former CIA director repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 09:34:52 -0800
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/administrator/Virtualization/importance-today/

The CP67 installed at the university didn't have LRU ... is was sort of FIFO ... I did the work for LRU

As an undergraduate in the 60s ... one of the things I did was (virtual memory) page replacement algorithms. The academic literature at the time was about Local "Least Recently Used" (i.e. what has not be used for the longest time is the most likely to also not be used in the future) and partitioning the ordered pages by task. I did "Global" LRU and had lots of data showing Global LRU out performing Local LRU.

The other thing was that there were relatively frequent pathological cases involving LRU where the assumption was invalid, the most likely next page to be used was the one recently replaced under the LRU strategy (i.e. LRU terned out be performing the exact wrong selection). I created a slight of hand coding technique that ordered pages for replacement by LRU when LRU was outperforming unordered/random ... but would automagically fall back to unordered/random when LRU was making the wrong decisions. The switching between LRU/ordered and random/disoreder took advantage of side-effect that happened when LRU/ordered started performing poorly (there wasn't actual testing criteria, I ordered things so it just sort of automagically happened all by itself, taking advantage of side-effects of order performing poorly). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

I would proselytize that when there was insufficient/wrong information, random was better than ordered (since results could be exact opposite of expected) ... sort of corollary to Kahneman and Undoing Project; recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#14 Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order

trivia: some 15yrs later, somebody was working on page replacement algorithms for their Stanford thesis (that was very much like what I had done in the 60s). The academic forces that were behind the 60s' "local" algorithms were heavily lobbying Stanford to not award the PHD (since it was contrary to their long held academic beliefs). Fortunately I had significant amount of apples-to-apples real-world comparisons showing that they were wrong. more trivia: the thesis adviser that was the object of the heavy academic lobby pressure to block awarding the PHD ... later went on to be president of Stanford.

it was co-worker of Jim Gray at Tandem working on Stanford PHD ... and Jim knew I had done the work in the 60s ... and asked me if I could help. Even tho I did the work as undergraduate before joining IBM, IBM management blocked me from providing supporting information for nearly a year. Hopefully they weren't taking sides in the academic argument ... but possibly felt they were "punishing" me for various things. old mail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?

other email about Global LRU
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#globallru

recent similar post on ordered/random
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 10:45:50 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

x-over from facebook ...

CP67 Release 1 delivered in Jan1968 to the university had no thrashing control and all pages were ordered by physical address (CORETABLE) and page fault would search all of CORETABLE for page belonging to non-running task ... and if none found pick first available page.

Release 2 update in spring 1968 had thrashing control done by (MIT) LIncoln Labs. It had a fixed limit on number of concurrent running tasks "in-queue" based on real storage size (fixed limits chosen based on Lincoln Labs avg. workload characteristics).

I rewrote scheduling to be dynamically adaptive based on workload and system configuration characteristics ... including dynamically updating estimate about how many real pages each task needed (and controlling page thrashing by limiting tasks "in-queue" by using the dynamic evaluating real storage requirements to run efficiently).

I rewrote page replacement to test & reset the page reference bits to implement a sort of Global LRU and then later added the mechanism to dynamically switch between LRU and random ... depending on how well LRU was doing.

I rewrote the I/O system ... standard I/O was scheduled purely FIFO. For all disk I/O I implemented ordered seek queuing which nearly doubled drive throughput ... and degraded much more gracefully as the length of the queue increased. Paging did single (FIFO) page transfer at a time. I changed that to chain and order all queued requests (for same arm position) to transfer maximum records per revolution. For fixed-head drums (head for each track), 2301 thruput with single FIFO was about 80pages/sec .... chained ordering increased up to max. media throughput about 270pages/sec.

For all of these, I also drastically reduced the pathlength to perform each of the operation (even tho the algoroithms had significantly better performance). Scheduling had been running around 10% of the processor and increasing proportionally with number of users. I reduced processor use for dynamic adaptive resource management to less than 1% and eliminated the overhead proportional to number of users.

For comparison, I did a lot of synthetic workload benchmarking with and w/o the changes. Later at IBM ... the CP67 group spun off from the science center and eventually moved out to old, vacant SBC bldg at Burlington Mall as they evolved into doing VM370. In the morph of CP67 to VM370, there was great simplification and lots of stuff was dropped including nearly all my stuff. I continued to work on my stuff and one of my hobbies was shipping & supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... and eventually migrating a lot of work from CP67 to VM370.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Part of the work included developing automatic benchmarking system that could vary workload and configuration. I could do synthetic workload benchmark that was ten times heavier than anybody normally sees in normal operation and always crashed VM370. I then had to totally rewrite VM370 serialization mechanisms in order to keep VM370 from predictably failing. I continued working on 360/370 stuff all during the "Future System" even periodically ridiculing what they were doing ... even claiming what I had running was better than some of their blue sky fantasizes. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The failure of FS contributed to decision to ship a load of my VM370 stuff in "CSC/VM" to customers. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

As part of release, a series of 2000 automated benchmarks were performed that took 3months elapsed time to run and varied configuration and workload to cover all possible cases.

Science Center was heavily into performance work, pioneering a lot of stuff that later becomes mainstream, for CP67 default processes were established that took measure of overall system and workload activity. Cambridge eventually had decade of this information. It also became standard for internal datacenters ... and science center was able to archive performance data from hundreds of other systems. There was lots of hot-spot analysis, event-based modeling, and analytical modeling. The analytical modeling and extensive configuration and workload information also evolves into capacity planning. A version of the analytical modeling (done in APL) was made available on (world-wide, online sales & marketing support) HONE as the performance predictor ... where SEs could obtain customer workload and configuration information and run it through the performance predictor, asking what-if questions about changes in configuration and workload.

For the 2000 benchmark a domain for observed configurations and workload activity was created. The first 1000 benchmarks were selected to evenly cover that domain ... including benchmarks were outside recorded domains. A version of the performance predictor was modified to select the next 1000 benchmarks dynamically looking for anomalies. Based on the first 1000 benchmarks, it would come up with a configuration/workload/parameter setting, predict what the benchmark would be, run the benchmark, compare it with the prediction ... and then do the next selection based all benchmarks already run (as well as how well actual benchmarks compared to predicted).

posts mentioning automatic benchmarking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bench
posts mentioning HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

a few posts mentioning (HONE) performance predictor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#81 Percentage of code executed that is user written was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#8 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#15 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#17 What non-IBM software products have been most significant to the mainframe's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#48 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#63 Collection of APL documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#41 CPU utilization/forecasting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#63 JCL CROSS-REFERENCE Utilities (OT for Paul, Rick, and Shmuel)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#53 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#50 Can any one tell about what is APL language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#60 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#27 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#71 A New Performance Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#69 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#54 CMS\APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 11:38:22 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

another x-over from facebook ...

for a little more drift, this is old post with part of (IBM user group) SHARE presentation that I gave as undergraduate fall of 1968 ... deals with pathlength optimization that I did for running OS/360 under CP67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

Original CP/67 CPU overhead increased elapsed running time from 12.9 secs to 34.2secs per job (21.3 secs of overhead CPU). Pathlength optimization reduced elapsed running time to 17.4secs/job, CPU overhead reduced from 21.3sec to 3.9secs (lots of specific pathlengths reduced by factor of 100 times).

It also mentions doing careful sysgen of OS/360 to reduce standalone time from over 30secs/job to 12.9secs/job ... careful placements of datasets and PDS members on disk to optimized arm seek time and multi-track search time for PDS members. CP67 for "normal" OS would have looked less bad since instead of nearly tripling elapsed time (12.9+21.3 to 34.2), it would have less than doubled elapsed time (35+21.3 to 56.9). The CP67 pathlength enhancements for standard system would have been 35+3.9 to 38.9secs ... compared to 12.9+3.9 to 17.4secs (careful OS/360 sysgen and disk ordering significantly reduced wait time to run the jobs).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 16:58:01 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#28 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

and couple more x-over from facebook ...

One of the things part of 370 was 2k page size for smaller memory machines and 4k page size for larger memory machines ... trade-off between how fine granularity management required versus efficiency of management. Moving to 1mbyte and larger memory for lowend machines ... found that VS1 (with 2k page management) could faster under VM370 (with 4k page management) by configuring the VS1 virtual machine size to be the same as the VS1 virtual address space size (so VS1 didn't have to page, left to VM370). Of course I also had a better page replacement algorithm and much shorter pathlength in VM370 (than VS1 implementation).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

Current size and latency to memory is comparable to 60s disks ... i.e. current latency to memory when measured in count of processor cycles ... is comparable to latency to 60s disks when measured in 60s processor cycles. Current processor caches are the memories of the 60s ... and some amount of processor cache strategy discussions have similarities to the 60s virtual memory strategies.

The staging of things in and out of memory is now more equivalent to the large automated tape libraries that staged to/from disk.

Note that the Global LRU compared to Local LRU shows up not just with processor memory paging. At SJR we did a modification to VM370 that had super efficient mechanism for tracking disk accesses (for both VM370 itself and all access by virtual machines) ... and a modeling system that looked at different caching strategies. Given a fixed amount of electronic store .... a single system global disk cache always outperformed partitioning that storage ... into either channel level caches, controller level caches and/or disk level caches (aka "Local" LRU).

I had also done the original version of CMSBACK ... and was deployed widely inside of IBM (and was precursor of workstation datasave shipped ... eventually becomes ADSM and since renamed TSM). One of the things that the model also uncovered was that there was some amount of continuously used system data. However, there was also large amount of data ... in several distinct files that had high collective use on periodic basis (once a day, weekly, monthly). All the files should be archived together and staged together. posts mentioning backup/archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 19:07:49 -0800
Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/administrator/Virtualization/importance-today/

The CP67 installed at the university didn't have LRU ... is was sort of FIFO ... I did the work for LRU

extended additional discussion on linkedin, facebook, and (usenet) alt.folklore.computers newsgroup ... some archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#28 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#29 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Spy Agencies Should Kick the Contractor Habit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Spy Agencies Should Kick the Contractor Habit
Date: 09 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Spy Agencies Should Kick the Contractor Habit
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-02-09/spy-agencies-should-kick-the-contractor-habit

70% of budget, over half the people, for-profit beltway bandits owned by private-equity companies
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and the rapidly spreading Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Success of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sucess.of.failure
"Private Equity" Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

other recent

Former NSA contractor indicted for hoarding classified documents
http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2017/02/09/Former-NSA-contractor-indicted-for-hoarding-classified-documents/6301486624863/
NSA Contractor Could Face 200 Years in Prison for Massive Breach
https://foreignpolicy.com/2017/02/08/nsa-contractor-could-face-200-years-in-prison-for-massive-breach/
Former NSA contractor facing 200 years for stolen docs
http://fifthdomain.com/2017/02/08/former-nsa-contractor-facing-200-years-for-stolen-docs/
Former NSA contractor indicted in maybe the largest heist of classified information ever
http://www.businessinsider.com/former-nsa-contractor-indicted-in-maybe-the-largest-heist-of-classified-information-ever-2017-2
Contractor indicted for stealing spy secrets
https://fcw.com/articles/2017/02/09/nsa-contractor-indict.aspx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
Date: 10 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#28 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#29 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#30 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

Mid-70s my dynamic resource management and scheduling to bottleneck ... it was becoming clear that real storage was becoming less & less of bottleneck. I started writing various things on the subject. In the early 80s some disk division executive took exception with item I wrote about how since the cp67 days (360/67 & 2314s), disk relative system throughput had declined by an order of magnitude (processor & memory resources increased by 40-50 times while disk throughput only increased by 3-5 times) ... and directed division performance group to refute the claim. old posting with part of claim (from early 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31

They worked on it for a few weeks and come back saying that I had effectively slightly understated the issue. They evenutally respin the analysis for SHARE "B874" presentation with recommendations on how to configure disks to improve system throughput (including some techniques that i had used for os/360 sysgen in the 60s). old post with summary from Share 63, B874 (8/18/84)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#46

trivia: IBM's original two 3880 controller caches ... 3880-11 8mbyte 4k record cache (tailored for 4k paging) and 3880-13 8mbyte full-track cache. The 3880-13 announcement had sequential read of records (10 records to 3880 track) showing 90% "hit rate". What they didn't say was that sequential read would "miss" on the first record for a track ... and then the next nine records would be a "hit". If the software changed from single record at a time to full-track read, the 3880-13 numbers would change from 90% hit rate to zero hit rate.

I also had ongoing skirmish over the support of the 3880-11. Typical configuration was 3081 with 32mbytes of memory and 2-3 3880-11 with 16mbytes-24mbytes cache (aggregate). I documented that every page miss in 3081 memory likely be a miss in 3880-11 cache. It would be read and then occupy both the 3081 memory and the 3880-11 cache. Since the 3081 memory was larger than the 3880-11 cache, it would never need the page in the 3880-11 cache. I called this a duplicate algorithm. I came up with a no-duplicate algorithm where there was never a page in the 3880-11 that was also in the 3081 memory ... so there was some chance that the 3880-11 might be of some use (cache used for records that weren't also always in mainframe memory). I've had several opportunities over last 10-20yrs to repeat strategy behind dup/no-dup

In the wake of FS failure (mid-70s), head of POK convinced corporate to kill VM370 product and transfer all the people from Burlington to POK ... or otherwise POK wouldn't ship MVS/XA on time (sometime 1st half 80s). Endicott managed to save VM370 mission but had to reconsitute a development group from scratch. Some in POK did virtual machine facility for MVS/XA development (that was never intended to ship to customers). Later when customers weren't migrating from MVS to MVS/XA as planned ... they came out with the internal tools as "migration aid" to help move the customers.

The Kingston group then wanted to turn the migration aid into the official VM/XA product ... and was justifying a huge development group and long range plan to try and upgrade the migration aid up to feature, function and performance of vm370. Almost unfortunately, somebody n Rochester added full XA support to VM370 ... eliminating the need for the Kingston effort ... but in the resulting politics between POK/Kingston (VM/XA with huge effort) and Endicott (with full VM/XA already done), Endicott (lost again).

past posts mentioning B874:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#46 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#5 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#71 308x Processors - was "Mainframe articles"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#34 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#52 Hercules; more information requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#1 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#70 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#31 Wax ON Wax OFF -- Tuning VSAM considerations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#32 OS idling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#33 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#18 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#35 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#61 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#5 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#32 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#73 Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#62 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#72 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#87 Death of spinning disk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#0 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#12 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#21 What was a 3314?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#68 Raspberry Pi 3?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#38 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#40 Floating point registers or general purpose registers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#45 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead

past posts mentioning 3880-11/Ironwood and/or "dup/nodup" algorithm:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#13 managing large amounts of vm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#13 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#18 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#68 I/O contention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#53 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#54 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#55 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#63 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#10 hollow files in unix filesystems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#20 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#55 Storage Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#11 What are some impressive page rates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#20 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#3 PLX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#52 ''Detrimental'' Disk Allocation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#7 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#5 Alpha performance, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#62 1teraflops cell processor possible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#13 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#17 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#18 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#20 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#19 fast check for binary zeroes in memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#1 Hard disk architecture: are outer cylinders still faster than inner cylinders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#29 FW: Looking for Disk Calc program/Exec
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#27 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#28 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#30 Massive i/o
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#50 non ECC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#8 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#46 Hercules 3.04 announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#45 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#41 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#14 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#32 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#31 MB to Cyl Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#35 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#0 old discussion of disk controller chache
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#12 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#23 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#38 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#42 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#60 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#61 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#15 Flash memory arrays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#52 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#19 Fantasy-Land_Hierarchal_NUMA_Memory-Model_on_Vertical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#41 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#80 How to calculate effective page fault service time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#39 The Internet's 100 Oldest Dot-Com Domains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#11 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#47 locate mode, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#73 Interesting presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#20 How to analyze a volume's access by dataset
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#14 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#67 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#68 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#70 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#79 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#34 nested LRU schemes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#47 nested LRU schemes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#75 megabytes per second
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#3 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#96 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#18 June 1985 email

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 10 Feb 2017 10:19:43 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:


http://www.motherjones.com/tom-philpott/2013/09/does-corporate-farming-exist-barely

A farm scholar once asked an agribusiness executive when his corporation would simply take over the farms. The exec said that it would be dumb for the corporation to do so, in that it is not free to exploit its employees to the degree that farmers are willing to exploit themselves.

... snip ...

aka big corporations can squeeze the family famers ... harking back to serfs in medieval times ... and in part using obfuscation and misdirection trying to focus on government regulations.


The Next American Farm Bust Is Upon Us; Shrinking role in global grain market coupled with a strong dollar and higher costs for seeds drives U.S. farmers out of business; overflowing bunkers
https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-next-american-farm-bust-is-upon-us-1486572488

The End of Scarcity in Agricultural Commodities Means Failing Farms in the U.S.
https://bigpictureagriculture.blogspot.com/2017/02/the-end-of-scarcity-in-agricultural.html

Though some investment "gurus" have for many years been touting farmland as the best long term investment because "they're not making it anymore," those "gurus" were wrong because 180 million new acres went into production globally this past decade, and, in actuality, there are millions of acres more that could be cultivated in the future. U.S. farmers are facing serious competition from emerging grain production powerhouses. The ethanol commodity price surge was a short lived phenomenon due to supply and demand economics.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Good News and Bad News at Hanford, America's Most Polluted Site

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Good News and Bad News at Hanford, America's Most Polluted Site
Date: 10 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Good News and Bad News at Hanford, America's Most Polluted Site
http://www.counterpunch.org/2017/02/09/good-news-and-bad-news-at-hanford-americas-most-polluted-site/

"Twenty years and $19 billion later, Hanford is still a nightmare -- likely the most toxic site in the Western Hemisphere. Not one ounce of nuclear waste has ever been treated, and there are no indications Hanford will be nuke free anytime soon."
... snip ...

Part of the enormous outsourcing last decade ... 70% of the intelligence budget and over half the people ... including Snowden and others
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

about hanford, log4296-98:

In 2000 Bechtel received the $4.3 billion deal for the cleanup, which the company estimated would cost $14 billion to complete. But eleven years later, with the job still uncompleted, Bechtel predicted that the final cost would be more than $120 billion.

about outsourcing of DOE labs, log4288-91:

A congressional commission, led by former undersecretary of the army Norman Augustine and retired admiral Richard Mies, concluded in 2014 that the privatization of the nuclear weapons laboratories had resulted in a "dysfunctional management and operations relationship," and "uneven collaboration with customers"--the "customers" being the DOE.
... snip ...

one of the issues was they let the oldest and most experience ... and also highest paid go, increasing profit margin ... possibly assuming the fall of the wall met that the labs would just fade into the sunset and they would be free to maximize their profit. Also recent campaign talk about eliminating DOE possibly didn't realize that large parts had already been privatized

Bechtel and Los Alamos National Laboratory: The Privatization of the Nuclear Industry
https://lajicarita.wordpress.com/2012/03/30/bechtel-and-los-alamos-national-laboratory-the-privatization-of-the-nuclear-industry/
Nuclear Workers Deserve Better from Bechtel
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joanne-doroshow/nuclear-workers-deserve-b_b_6902776.html
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joanne-doroshow/nuclear-workers-deserve-b_b_6902776.html</a> "The Department of Energy is the largest military and weapons racket in the U.S. Government."
https://pando.com/2016/04/06/profiteer/
It's a Bumpy Ride to Private Management for Los Alamos, Livermore
https://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/201006/losalamos.cfm
Investigative reporter details Bechtel's influence
http://www.santafenewmexican.com/pasatiempo/books/readings_signings/investigative-reporter-details-bechtel-s-influence/article_7520013c-32ad-5af8-b836-5ba9c8710b5d.html

past posts mentioning Bechtel:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#6 The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#11 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#18 The Winds of Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#23 Nixon and the war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#82 Gov. Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
Date: 10 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/10/former-cia-analyst-sues-defense-department-to-vindicate-nsa-whistleblowers/

"Loomis says he thinks those redactions were more for the sake of Hayden's reputation than protecting real classified information. He eventually documented the saga in a self-published book called 'NSAs Transformation: An Executive Branch Black Eye.'"
... snip ...

Success of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
and outsourcing, 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
Thomas Drake
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/government-elections-politics/united-states-of-secrets/the-frontline-interview-thomas-drake/

we were possibly tangentially involved ... although we didn't know it at the time. There was unclassified BAA from IC-ARDA (now IARPA) that basically said that nothing they had did the job ... and we got a call just before it closed, asking if we could get a response in (nobody else had responded). We got a response in, had a couple of meetings summer 2002, showing we could do what was needed, and then nothing. It wasn't until we saw the success of failure article, that we began to suspect what was going on.

success of failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

past posts mentioning IC-ARDA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#61 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Feb 2017 20:29:58 -0800
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:

independently of z/VM, but that is no longer true.

I'm quite familiar architecturally with CMS. Yes, it is in one sense an operating system. If I drew a picture of z/VM with a bunch of guests, CMS would be a peer to VSE, z/OS and Linux, all of which are no-doubt-about-it operating systems. So yes, it must be an OS. It's a funny beast of an OS: a single-user operating system for a mainframe! OTOH, the way people use it it is more like a single TSO session than an operating system. It is more of a single-user terminal session than an OS. And yes, it no longer can be IPLed on the hardware, so a purist might say that disqualifies it as an operating system right there. What kind of operating system requires an operating system in order to run?

Would not the proper phrase be "run independently of CP"? CMS is a component of z/VM; it can't be independent of z/VM, it *is* z/VM.


original CMS was "cambridge monitor system" running stand-alone on 360/40. The same 360/40 had virtual memory hardware modifications to support developement of virtual machine cp/40 in parallel. When standard 360/67 with virtual memory became available, cp/40 morphs into cp/67 ... with CMS still running both stand-alone and in virtual machine ... cp40/cms development discussed here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
also mentioned in
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/administrator/Virtualization/importance-today/
and my recent posting in this mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#30 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

In the morph from CP67/CMS to VM370/CMS, they dropped and simplified a lot of CP67, change CMS name to conversational monitor system, and put test in CMS to cripple it from running on bare hardware.

In the early 80s, CMS under MVS had really bad performance ... not because of CMS ... but MVS structural issues ... vm370/cms could provide .1sec interactive cms response when MVS/CMS was 1sec or worse with similar workload on same hardware. Some people thought that CMS might fix the really bad TSO interactive characteristics ... but it wasn't so much TSO versus CMS ... but underlying MVS structural issues.

In the wake of failure of FS project in the mid-70s (never announced or shipped, FS would completely replace 360/370 and completely different and during FS, 370 projects were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited with clone makers gaining market foothold). In the wake of FS failure, there was mad rush to get 370 products back in the pipelines. 303x and 3081 were kicked off in paralle ... and head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill vm370/cms product and transfer all the vm370/cms to POK for MVS/XA work ... or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't be able to meet ship schedule (well into the 1980s).

Endicott eventually managed to resurrect VM370/CMS product mission ... but had to reconstitute development group from scratch. Aside, Tymshare had started offering their CMS-based online computer conferencing to SHARE for free as VMSHARE in Aug1976. In the VMSHARE archives there are customer comments about code quality during this period as Endicott rebuilds a vm370/cms development group
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

At the time of the VM370/CMS shutdown there was development of greatly expanded CMS support for MVS system services, read/write MVS (shared) disks, etc ... which all disappears with the shutdown .... which was just fine with POK. After Endicott resurrects VM370, they were much more interest in CMS having DOS/VS capatibility (than MVS compatibiity; aka DOS/VS system services).

With 4300s, Endicott manage to start making market position where large corporations were ordering multiple hundred 4300s at a time for placing out in departmental areas (sort of leading edge of coming distributed computing tsunami). This became such a large market, Endicott managed to get corporate to declare vm370/cms as the strategic interactive offering.

At the time, the only disks for placing out in non-datacenter environment were FBA, which MVS didn't support. The requirement was also for support where it was several tens of systems per support person ... rather than MVS requiring several people per system.

There was also late 70s, where customers were looking at 4341 cluster having higher throughput than 3033, more storage, more I/O, much lower environmentals, smaller footprint, and much lower cost. At one point POK felt so threatened that head of POK managed to get the allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component cut in half.

I participated in 4341 benchmarking for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 for a compute farm ... sort of the precursor to the current cluster supercomputers

Some of the VM370/CMS people that went to POK, did do a virtual machine implementation to support MVS/XA development ... which was never intended to be released ... which contributed to idea for CMS under MVS. During the 80s when customers weren't migrating from MVS to MVS/XA like they were suppose to ... the internal tool was packaged as the migration aid to ... aid migration. Then POK had justification for a big group to bring the migration aid up to the feature, function, performance of VM370. At the same time, somebody inside IBM had added full 370-XA support to VM370. There was escalation between POK and Endicott over VM/XA, whether to have a large development group to bring migration aid up to vm370 level or to use the VM370 with XA support already running. For whatever reason, POK won.

When I was undergraduate at the university ... totally redid OS/360 sysgen ... part of old 68fall SHARE presentation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

Also rewrote a lot of CP67 code. Original CP67 CPU overhead increased elapsed running time from 12.9 secs to 34.2secs per job (21.3 secs of overhead CPU). CP67 pathlength optimization reduced elapsed running time to 17.4secs/job, CP67 CPU overhead reduced from 21.3sec to 3.9secs (lots of specific pathlengths reduced by factor of 100 times).

It also mentions doing careful sysgen of OS/360 to reduce standalone time from over 30secs/job to 12.9secs/job ... careful placements of datasets and PDS members on disk to optimized arm seek time and multi-track search time for PDS members. CP67 for "normal" OS would have looked less bad since instead of nearly tripling elapsed time (12.9+21.3 to 34.2), it would have less than doubled elapsed time (35+21.3 to 56.9). The CP67 pathlength enhancements for standard system would have been 35+3.9 to 38.9secs ... compared to 12.9+3.9 to 17.4secs (careful OS/360 sysgen and data ordering significantly reduced wait time to run the jobs).

Must of CMS CPU time was frequently CP67 doing disk I/O simulation (ala "CCWTRANS") ... I did a special disk CCW that CMS would use when running in virtual machine, cut that time by something like 80-90%. The people at science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

roundly critized me for violating 360 "architecture" ... if I was to do something that was virtual machine specific, I had to do it with the "diagnose" instruction ... which is defined as model dependent, and can have the fiction of virtual machine model. Thus was born diagnose I/O when running in virtual machine (later VM370 crippled CMS being able to run stand alone).

trivia, recent mention that "CCWTRANS" was also borrowed for moving MVT to OS/VS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#8 BSAM vs QSAM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Feb 2017 23:41:13 -0800
0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:

Nowadays (or is it next year's model?), on the z, practically every one. Nothing will run without the PR/SM hypervisor.

In the twilight of Sun Microsystems, Sine Nomine ported OpenSolaris to z. It required z/VM for various assists.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#30 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#36 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper

I was involved in doing a lot of the work on ECPS (vm microcode assist) for 138/148 ... and then used in 4300. This is old post with the analysis choosing what to put into ECPS. We were told that 148 had 6kbytes of space for microcode ... and was to choose the top 6kbytes of vm370 kernel code for moving into microcode. 138/148 executed an avg. of 10 native, microcode instructions for every 370 instructions. Kernel code moved into microcode got 10:1 speedup. 6kbyte of vm370 kernel code accounted for 79.55% of kernel CPU use:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

Later I got approval to give presentation on ECPS development at (user group) BAYBUNCH (held monthly at SLAC). Afterwards the Amdahl attendees cornered me to explain what they were doing on something called HYPERVISOR (basically a subset of vm370 function incorporated totally into the machine).

One of the things Amdahl people mentioned was that hi-end processor horizontal microcode was difficult and frequently had long lead time. Ever since 3033, IBM had done been minor microcode features ... that if weren't present, operating systems wouldn't run. To help keep abreast of the IBM's constant flurry of minor microcode features ... they had come up with macrocode ... that was effectively close to 370 machine language ... and much simpler (& faster) to code than horizontal microcode but otherwise function like microcode. The hypervisor was being implemented in this macrocode ... which significantly reduced the development effort.

To remain competitive, the 3090 had to come up with their equivalent ... evenutally called PR/SM (and LPAR) .... but was a significantly bigger development effort (having to be done directly in horizontal microcode). This old email talks some about improvement for SIE (part of PR/SM) for trout (aka 3090) compared to 3081 (before they were faced with having to extend to PR/SM to match Amdahl's hypervisor)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

announce 12Feb1985 ...
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

trivia1: Endicott tried to get 370 138/148 announced as every machine ordered shipped with vm370 pre-installed (effectively akin to later PR/SM LPAR), but were overruled by POK/corporate

trivia2: above mentions needing two 3370 FBA (even for MVS/XA customers which never supported FBA), for the two 3092 service processors, a pair of 4361s running a modified version of vm370 release 6 (and all service panels done in CMS IOS3270).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 11 Feb 2017 08:32:46 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

Much like the common metric in software support - a count of issues resolved without any reference to whether or not they were resolved to the satisfaction of whoever raised them.
... also anticipating and preventing problems is lot less recognized/rewarded than dealing with problems. there was lots of money made off of anti-virus ... that had to be constantly updated to deal with the increasing flood of new forms.

I periodic mention being brought in as consult to small client server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their servers, they had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had complete authority over the server to payment networks but only could recommend for client to server. Almos immediately some of the recommendations for the client/server part were violated, continuing to account for some number of exploits/vulnerabilities that continue to this day (the server/payment part hasn't had equivalent problems). The initial large webserver pilot did have issue. Payment trouble callcenter had metrics of 5min 1st level problem determination for their legacy circuit-based connections (dialed & leased). The (packet/internet) pilot developed connectivity issue and after 3hrs was closed as NTF (no trouble found). I had to develop a lot of software diagnostic and write a diagnostic process manual. some recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#7 More IBM DASD RAS discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#14 New words, language, metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#59 Funny error messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#107 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#33 OODA-loop and virtual machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#49 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#4 OODA in IT Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#8 Make companies pay full cost of breaches to restore trust in the internet, says ISOC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#87 [CM] 40 years of man page history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#21 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

and passed posts mentiong 1996 MCD at moscone where all the banners said "internet" ... but the constant refrain in all the sessions was "preserve your investment" ... aka the application paradigm that evolved for safe, closed, small business LANs was going to be extended to the wild anarchy of the internet ... w/o deployment of countermeasures.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#49 Virus propagation risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#59 The lost art of real programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#97 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#87 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#106 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#69 Open DoD's Doors To Cyber Talent, Carter Asks Congress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#79 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#19 Is it a lost cause?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 11 Feb 2017 08:53:09 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

A common feature of pretty much all criminal organisations, it's probably possible to eliminate a great deal of criminal law by finding a way[1] to make that organisation structure illegal and enforcing it.

[1] OK that is almost certainly *very* hard to do - especially if you want to avoid making armies illegal[2].

[2] I'd love see that but it would need to be done globally and I don't see that happening any time soon (FVLV of soon).


VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

They started out justifying not doing prosection with too big to fail meme ... leaning over backwards to keep them in business, although there were some articles about "moral hazard" ... that not being held accountable could result in fealing of entitlement and other fraudulent behavior
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

then when TBTF were caught money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, references to too big to prosecute and too big to jail started to appear. Instead there was "deferred prosecution" and fines, however even the billion dollar fines were usually trivial part of amounts involved ... the joke became the fines were just viewed as cost of running criminal enterprise. some references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

now there are references to the economic mess is water under the bridge and a the statute of limitation has expired for a lot of the economic mess fraud. from the law of unintended consequences, a lot of the TBTF could still be prosecutured under Sarbanes-Oxley (public company fraudulent financial reporting fraud)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
originally claimed to prevent future "ENRONs" and guarantee executives and auditors did jailtime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

however, it required SEC to do something, Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings (and nobody doing jailtime), even showing instances had increased after SOX went into effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html##financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

misc. past posts mentioning "deferred prosecution"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#10 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#80 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#37 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#61 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#31 Talk of Criminally Prosecuting Corporations Up, Actual Prosecutions Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#44 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#47 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#65 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#0 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#29 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#41 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#99 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#109 Why Aren't Any Bankers in Prison for Causing the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#45 Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Job Loyalty

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Job Loyalty
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Feb 2017 10:54:26 -0800
balbouls@ATT.NET (Salah Balboul) writes:

This is "Capitalism", making money is king. Every large corporation tries to sell this "Job Loyalty" to workers, however, rest assured this is a one sided affair. They want you to be loyal.

Then again, think about it. When you start your employment at any company, the first thing you agree to is "At will employment", your employment with any company is a voluntary one subject to termination by you or company at WILL, with or without cause and with or without notice....etc.


June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Results in the 50s include adding "Under God" to the pledge of allegiance and "In God We Trust" to currency

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR. KKR wins, but runs into some trouble with RJR and hires away president of AMEX to help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM then has gone in the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation to breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the comapny ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

The industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L crisis that they changed the industry name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" became "high yield bonds"

The former AMEX president then leaves IBM and becomes the head of another large private-equity company ... one of the take-overs is the beltway bandit that will employ Snowden, there was huge gov. outsourcing last decade to private equity owned subsidiaries; 70% of intelligence budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

Both KKR and Carlyle recently show up in this (in large part harking back to the "IBM Retirement Heist")
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/03/your-money/estate-planning/fiduciary-rule-is-now-in-question-whats-next-for-investors.html
and
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/06/donald-trumps-executive-order-will-let-private-equity-funds-drain-your-401k/

other

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

trivia: we had left IBM, got a call from somebody in the bowels of Armonk about helping with the breakup of IBM. Business units had MOUs with other divisions to work off their supplier contracts. With the units in different corporations, all these MOUs would have cataloged and turned into real contracts. Before we get started, the board has hired a new executive to reverse the breakup

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2017 10:15:04 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

A common feature of pretty much all criminal organisations, it's probably possible to eliminate a great deal of criminal law by finding a way[1] to make that organisation structure illegal and enforcing it.

[1] OK that is almost certainly *very* hard to do - especially if you want to avoid making armies illegal[2].

[2] I'd love see that but it would need to be done globally and I don't see that happening any time soon (FVLV of soon).


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#39 Trump to sign cyber security order

I've periodically mentioned 2008 economist conference wherel (CBS?) broadcast a roundtable discussing US tax system & congress (major reason for comments about congress considered most corrupt institution on earth) ... enormous graft & corruption surrounding lobbying/buying tax loopholes. Much of the lobbying, graft & corruption would be eliminated going to flat tax system. Continuously selling new/added loopholes have greatly complicated the tax system ... claim that 6% of GDP could be gained by going to flat tax system ... and any economic problems with the loss of various loopholes would be more than made up by gaining back the 6% in GDP. They made jokes that tax prep interests (accounts, lawyers, commercial services, CPAs, etc) and the country of Ireland paying for major lobbying agaist such change. One of the big loopholes early last decade was exporting US profits to other countries where they had very, very low tax rate (major beneficiary was country of Ireland). They finished with even if the change was made to flat tax system, members of congress would come up with same other way to criminally extract money.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Note that 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). By 2005, US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress could do middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Since then there is some cut in spending ... but no restoration of taxes ... so debt continues to increase ... just short of $20T ... and interest on debt pushing $.5T/year.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

past posts mentioning economist round table discussing flat tax and enormous congressional graft and corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#87 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#43 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#20 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#13 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#88 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#58 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#18 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#20 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#80 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#81 Ireland feels the heat from Apple tax row
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#3 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#1 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#65 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#7 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#6 Is it a lost cause?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2017 14:13:42 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#103 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#22 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#25 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#33 Trump to sign cyber security order

Famers May Be Struggling, But They Enjoy a Generous Safety Net
https://www.yahoo.com/news/famers-may-struggling-enjoy-generous-192100684.html

Among the report's more salient findings: The U.S. share of the global market is less than half of what it was in the 1970s -- falling from 65 percent of the world's grain production to 30 percent today. A strong U.S. dollar is allowing overseas competitors to undercut U.S. prices. Some farmers are shutting down, raising the specter that the total number of U.S. farms may dip below two million for the first time
... snip ...

Farmers Are Getting a Bumper Crop of Subsidies from the 2014 Farm Bill
http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/2016/11/27/Farmers-Are-Getting-Bumper-Crop-Subsidies-2014-Farm-Bill

The final agreement cut about $19 billion in farm programs over five years with one of the biggest breakthroughs being the elimination of so-called direct payments. Under the old law, producers of various crops would receive payments each year totaling about $5 billion -- regardless of the prevailing market prices or which crops, if any, they produced on eligible land.
... snip ...

5 Things You Need to Know About the Farm Bill Deal
http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2014/01/28/5-Things-You-Need-Know-About-Farm-Bill-Deal

Farm Subsidies -- The agreement cuts about $19 billion in farm programs over five years. One of the most significant changes is the elimination of so-called direct payments -- roughly $5 billion a year in generous payments to farmers and land owners regardless of whether they grow crops or not. The program has flourished since the late 1990s, and has drawn sharp condemnation from the Obama administration and lawmakers on both sides of the aisle as a prime example of government waste.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

when to get out???

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: when to get out???
Date: 13 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
more than you ever wanted to know; late 90s, I was major author of X9.59 financial transaction standard in the X9A10 standards group. One of the other members was from NSCC (before they merged with DTC to form DTCC) and asked me in to look at improving the integrity of floor trades. I work on it for awhile and then get told it is being suspended. A side-effect of the integrity work would have greatly improved transparency and visibility, completely antithetical to wall street culture.

Old reference (before HFT taking hold) that market is manipulated, its illegal, but they have nothing to worry about
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Since then, there have been lots of references about HFT increasingly manipulating market ... like front-running customer transactions by a few milliseconds ... helping drive investors from the market ... conjecture that they try and leave something for normal investors, otherwise it just leaves the HFT players to thrash it out against each other (like parasite killing the host, HFT also pay for special links into market that are slightly faster than rest of players).

The Congressional Madoff hearings had the testimony from the man that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (their hands were forced when he turned himself in, speculation that he was looking for government protection after defrauding some unsavory characters). Congress asked him if new regulations are needed, he said while new regulations may be needed, more important was transparency and visibility (since SEC seemed to be doing little about existing regulations).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

Rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs an guarantee executives and auditors would do jail time (but it required it SEC to do something). Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jail time)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents. Then they find they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A (even when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into role rating agencies played). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans, triple-A largely enables being able to do $27T 2001-2008, including selling to funds that are restricted to dealing in "safe" investments. Less well known is that SOX also required SEC to do something about the rating agencies. From law of untended consequences: 1) spring 2008, some investors realize that rating agencies are selling triple-A and possibly no ratings can be trusted, it freezes the muni-bond market, Warren Buffett steps in with muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market; 2) largest economic mess TBTF fines so far, are for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (required that spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (some spending cuts, no tax restored, on its way soon to $20T debt and half trillion in annual debt interest). Claim confluence of Federal Reserve and TBTF wanting large federal debt, special interests wanting huge increase in tax loopholes, military-industrial complex and others wanting huge increase in spending.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

Claims that TARP was to be used for buying offbook toxic assets, however ye2008 just four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T in off-book toxic assets (some had gone earlier in 2008 for 22cents on the dollar, if brought back on the books, institutions would have been declared insolvent and liquidated). TARP couldn't begin to cover problem, so was used for other things and Federal Reserved did bailout buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds (claims that TBTF having been clearing $300B/annum using ZIRP funds buying treasuries, wouldn't work w/o large Federal debt). FED fought long hard legal battle to prevent disclosing what it was doing. When they lost, the chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use ZIRP to help mainstreet, when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP funds). Some of ZIRP is also borrowed by large corporate players for stock buybacks to help prop up the market.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.
... snip ...

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.
... snip ...

Donald Trump's Executive Order Will Let Private Equity Funds Drain Your 401(k)
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/06/donald-trumps-executive-order-will-let-private-equity-funds-drain-your-401k/

Large firms like Carlyle, Blackstone, Partners Group, and Kohlberg Kravitz Roberts (KKR) have developed a series of 401(k)-friendly products over the past couple years. Most enable plan advisers to offer private equity stakes to investors as part of a "target fund," in a diversified portfolio with other investments.
... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."
... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman's theories involving rational man

HFT players are like parasites .... they need to try and avoid driving real investors from the market ... or otherwise they have nothing to skim off of. The downside is that a lot of the players are considered sociopaths and get so focused on beating the other HFTs that they loose sight that they are killing the host (it is always a win-loose game).

Last decade, there were comments by TBTF executives that they had to be in on the dance and the important thing was timing to get out just before the collapse, Turns out they didn't ... but they didn't really have to worry ... they didn't get prosecuted and jailed. they got designated TBTF and bailed out (lots written about not held accountable results in "moral hazard" and jokes about fines are so small compared to the amounts involved, it is just cost of running criminal enterprise).

Stockman ... 80s budget director and claims credit for various manipulation of Social Security to use funds for DOD budget w/o appearing to increase taxes ... has written a lot about "blue-chip" companies increasingly using (borrowing for) stock-buybacks to prop up their stock price and prop up the market (collusion is that it helps keep investors in the market, and top executives bonuses are tied to stock price)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

One of the SS issues is baby boomers (birth bubble) are 4 times larger than the previous generation and twice as large as following generation. During baby boomer prime working years, they were building up principle in SS Trust Fund ... however each year more was being paid in for baby boomer contributions than were being paid out in benefits to prior generation. As baby boomers retire the situation flips, there is no longer excess being paid in to subsidize gov. spending and the following generation will have significant tax obligation increase to 1) replace baby boomers (borrowed) benefits and 2) cover gov spending that previous were subsidized by baby boomer SS contributions.

If will almost be impossible for the following generation to return to fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue). There is the trillion dollar/year in taxes that was cut after the act was allowed to lapse. They have huge tax obligation to replace money borrowed from the SS Trust Funds (for baby boomer benefits) and the spending that use to be subsidized by borrowing funds from the trust fund. There is the half trillion/year in interest on the debt ... and there is possibly half trillion/year to pay off current debt (would take 40years) ... pushing 3 trillion/year increase in taxes to try and return to status before to before fiscal responsible act (2002) lapse.

Stockman characterize stock-buybacks as sequence of (private-equity) mini-LBOs ... increasing corporate debt for purpose of pulling value out of the company w/o contributing anything to corporate value.

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR. KKR wins, but runs into some trouble with RJR and hires away president of AMEX to help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone in the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation to breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the comapny ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

The former AMEX president then leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company ... one of the take-overs is the beltway bandit that will employ Snowden.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

private-equity companies are under enormous pressure to service the LBO debt dumped on their books, over half corporate defaults are companies currently or previously in private-equity mills, funny thing is the private-equity credit rating doesn't appear to suffer for the bad loans.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Donald Trump's Executive Order Will Let Private Equity Funds Drain Your 401(k)
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/06/donald-trumps-executive-order-will-let-private-equity-funds-drain-your-401k/

... harkens back to IBM Retirement Heist.

& from Stockman's "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" ... just one of the corporate examples pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Investors are riding on the margin that HFT are allowing ... and like the TBTF executives were saying they needed to dance and time their exit before the next crash (they failed to time their exit but they got bailed out)

I was in financial standards meeting hosted by large financial lobbying organization in DC. I was asked to leave the meeting to talk to somebody that was there to see me. I was then introduced to somebody from a NJ ethnic organization that said some investment bankers asked him to talk to me. I was very vocal criticizing some internet technology that was involved in upcoming IPO that the investment bankers were expecting $2B and my criticizing was projected to be 10% downside. It was nothing personal, purely business, but would I just shutup. I go to some Federal LEOs and they say that investment bankers are like that. They said some walked away "clean" from the S&L crisis, where then doing Internet IPO mills (firms that would fail leaving field open for next round of IPOs), and were projected to next get into securitized mortgages.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

.... finally in response

Need to be a congressman member of financial committee, they dumped a lot of stocks in the days between the Greenspan briefing and the crash (members of congress are exempt from insider trading law) --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More on Mannix and the computer

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: More on Mannix and the computer
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 13 Feb 2017 16:22:25 -0800
hancock4 writes:

Every place I ever worked out would not let a stranger wander around the computer room without being escorted. The receptionist would ask visitors who they wanted to see, and then call the person down to get the visitor. Most organizations were fussy about computer room security--this came from the auditors.

A great many large employers in the late 1960s had photo ID cards, and more so by the 1970s. Polaroid offered a kit to make ID cards and it was popular. I would surprised if a major company like DEC didn't give its people photo ID cards, especially those that called on customers. I also suspect DEC had some military or defense- contractor business, where security was quite tight.


science center allowed access for its online virtual machine service to non-employees from univ in the boston/cambridge area.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

science center also ported apl\360 to cms for cms\apl ... expanded worspace size from 16kbytes to virtual address space (up to 16mbytes) and added API to access cms systems services (inlucding doing file i/o) ... opening CMS\APL to some real world applications. One such was the business planners in armonk ... who loaded the most holy of corporate assets onto the machine, using APL for business modeling. We had to demonstrate super security ... physical access and well as online cyber security. posts mentioning HONE and/or APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

trivia: science center offices overlooked Land's balcony ... have watched him playing with unannounced (Polaroid) products.

corporation also required all internal networks links to be encrypted (internal network was larger than arpanet from just beginning to some time mid-80s). This resulted in some amount of conflicts with various governments around the world turning on link encryptors. Mid-80s, major link ecryptor vendor claims that the internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

I had HSDT project with T1 and faster speed links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

and really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster link encryptors were almost impossible to find. I got involved in doing encryption that was less than $100 to make and handled multiple megabytes/sec. The corporate crypto group first claimed that it was significantly weaker compared to crypto standard. It took me 3months to figure out how to explain that rather than weaker, it was significantly stronger. However, it was hollow victory, then was told that such crypto could only be used by one organization in the world, I could make as many as I wanted, but they all had to be sent to address in Maryland. This was when I realized that there were 3kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

some old crypto email ... includes analysis that running software mainframe DES would saturate both 3081K processors just handling single full-duplex T1 link.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

also late 70s, IBM brought legal action against somebody that acquired some new DASD trade-secrets, claiming value of a couple billion dollars. Judge eventually said that go forward, IBM had to show security procedures proporational to the claimed value (something like requiring fences around swimming pool to keep out minors, people can't be blamed for taking something so value if it is just laying around not sufficiently unprotected) ... basically security proportional to risk .... later I do some financial standard transaction work using security proportional to risk some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

some of it shows up in this patent portfolio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

when to get out???

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: when to get out???
Date: 14 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???

... well other (Reagan?) that went on in the 80s: VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess last decae, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

In the early 90s, evidence accumulates that the former VP was heavily involved in iran&iraq ... but apparently there was some issue charging sitting president (and he pardons his co-conspirators)

Also the family member presides last decade over fabricated Al-Queda as excuse for invading Iraq, when that falls through, they switch to fabricated WMDs (and projection that invasion would only cost $50B, the perpetual/long wars are now pushing $5T, 100 times greater, and has totally destabilized middle east).

cousin of white house chief of staff Card was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned. It is shared with cousin Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war, had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of US arms from US makers). From law of unintended consequences, at the start of the invasion, they are told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they get around to going back, over million metric tons have disappeared (then start showing up in IEDs).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

going back further, the US was supporting Iraq in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

then sat. photo recon analyst informed White House that Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Kuwait. White House says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. then the analyst informed the White House that Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Saudi Arabia. Now Bush1 has to choose between Saudi Arabia and Saddam.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
and military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 14 Feb 2017 10:04:45 -0800
ted@loft.tnolan.com (Ted Nolan <tednolan>) writes:

SunOs 4.x was retro-branded to Solaris 1. My memory is that Sun was hyping the new word "Solaris" for their upcoming OS based on AT&T Sys V Unix, but it was taking longer than they anticipated to get it out the door, so they made the arbitrary decision that the next Sunos 4.X release would be branded "Solaris" so they could say "Yes, we are shipping Solaris" and that Sunos 5.x which originaly would have just been "Solaris" was now "Solaris 2".

I think rebasing SunOS on SysV was the second Sun/AT&T venture. The first one, announced with great hype was that Sun and AT&T would jointly re-write Unix in C++. This died quietely at some point..


The SUN/AT&T relationship also gave rise to (IBM, HP, DEC, Apollo, etc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation

that would do unix that was free from AT&T. Pieces were collected from various places like MIT Project Athena,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Athena
CMUs MACH,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mach_(kernel)
UCLA Locus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_(operating_system)

IBM's 801/RISC ROMP was originally going to be displaywriter followon. When that got canceled, they decided to retarget to unix workstaton market. The company that did the AT&T port for PC/IX was hired to do AT&T port to ROMP ... branded PC/RT and AIX.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Then IBM (academic) ACIS did UCLA Locus based offering for mainframe and IBM/PC ... also called AIX ... AIX/370 and AIX/386. AIX for PC/RT and AIX/370/386 were only similar in having "AIX" in the name.

For a time, object was the rage in silicon valley, Apple was doing PINK object operating system and SUN was doing Spring.

Parts of PINK were sort of spun off as Taligent object development environment. At one point I did one week JAD with Taligent about what would it take to bring it up to level for doing business critical applications (1/3rd new frameworks and 1/3rd hit to existing frameworks).

Spring was stabilized and most people were moved over to JAVA. SUN asked me if I would consider taking Spring and turn it into commercial offering, I look at it, but decline. Part of Spring was efficiently downloading apps to clients (client resources were much more constrained in this period):

A Client-Side Stub Interpreter

Petere B. Kessler

Abstract

We have built a research operating system in which all services are presented through interfaces described by an interface description language. The system consists of a micro-kernel that supports a small number of these interfaces, and a large number of interfaces that are implemented by user-level code. A typical service implements one or more interfaces, but is a client of many other interfaces that are implemented elsewhere in the system. We have an interface compiler that generates client-side and service-side stubs to deliver calls from clients to services providing location transparency if the client and server are in different address spaces. The code for client-side stubs was occupying a large amount of the text space on our clients, so a stub interpreter was written to replace the client-side stub methods. The result was that we traded 125k bytes of stub code for 13k bytes of stub descriptions and 4k bytes of stub interpreter. This paper describes the stub interpreter, the stub descriptions, and discusses some alternatives.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning PINK/Taligent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#10 Taligent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#46 Where are they now : Taligent and Pink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#48 Where are they now : Taligent and Pink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#36 Proper ISA lifespan?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#76 Difference between Unix and Linux?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#60 The next big things that weren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#45 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#28 A Speculative question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#53 defination of terms: "Application Server" vs. "Transaction Server"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#40 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#38 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#69 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#1 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#46 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#22 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#26 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#32 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#44 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#15 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#59 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#94 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#68 Boyd's cycle: the path to guaranteed success + 6 big companies as evidence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#59 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#14 New words, language, metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud

other posts mentioning SPRING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#32 Whom Do Programmers Admire Now???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#51 A Speculative question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#17 Opinion: The top 10 operating system stinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#80 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#47 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#95 VM IS DEAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#50 The real reason IBM didn't want to dump more money into Blue Waters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#27 Java Security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#21 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#39 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#14 client/server & HTML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#97 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Subscription to Usenet groups

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Subscription to Usenet groups
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 14 Feb 2017 10:20:47 -0800
Lawrence Statton NK1G <lawrence@senguio.mx> writes:

The concept of "subscribing" to a mailing list goes back not less than 30 years in my mind. Confusing Usenet for Mailing List (and vice versa) goes back about as far.

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

from IBM Jargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

There was then a lot of company task forces to investigate the phenomena which resulted in official corporate sanctioned forums and a new tool that supported both usenet-like operation option as well as mailing list operation option (selected on the client side, server tool supported modes/options).

Corporation then was providing funds and technology for the university BITNET network ... using some of the internal network technology (and was also larger than arpanet/internet for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

This was then expanded to europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network
old email from person setting up EARN (former co-worker at science center, had been on assignment from France)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

was looking for internal network applications that could be made available to universities

the current dominant mailing list processing was developed on bitnet/earn in paris a couple years later (subset of the internal corporate tool)
http://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
Date: 14 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://money.cnn.com/2017/02/14/investing/janet-yellen-dodd-frank-trump/index.html

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
https://www.publicintegrity.org/2017/02/01/20645/trump-wall-street-and-banking-caucus-ready-rip-apart-dodd-frank
Trump Begins Assault on Dodd-Frank Financial Regulations
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/03/business/dealbook/trump-congress-financial-regulations.html

It became clear (to me) in the spring of 2009 that congress had no intention of doing anything substantive about wall street. January, 2009 I was asked to HTMLize(/web pages) the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29 crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions with jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have the appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

there is: "Confidence Men" pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... and "Age of Greed" pg370:

In addition, the Justice Department was now investigating reduced rate mortgages Mozilo allegedly sold to Senators Chris Dodd of Connecticut and Kent Conrad of North Dakota, as well as two former heads of Fannie Mae, Jim Johnson and Franklin Raines. They were known as "Friends of Angelo." ... snip ...

Angelo, #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess/financialcrisis
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform; It's bad enough that the banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and the White House
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510
How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank; Battalions of regulatory lawyers burrowed deep in the federal bureaucracy to foil reform.
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
Josh Rosner on How Dodd Frank Institutionalizes Too Big to Fail
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html

Rosner focuses on Articles I and II of Dodd Frank and describes how their plans to deal with resolving large firms has only made matters worse. It' s key to understand that these two sections are somewhat at odds with each other. Dodd Frank peculiarly provides for two ways to wind up systemically important firms. Title I says they should prepare for bankruptcy. They need to clean up how they are organized and make sure activities fit or can be mapped into legal entities and prepare living wills, which are plans for how they would wind themselves up. But confusingly, banks can also be "resolved" which is more like "rescued with a little pain inflicted on investors" under Title II. Title II provides for a second way to deal with stressed financial firms, which includes having the government provide what amounts to debtor-in-possession financing while the bank is restructured. This, sports fans, is what is otherwise known as a bailout.
... snip ...

Are Treasury and the Fed at Odds Over Big Banks? Treasury Secretary Lew keeps hands off as Wall Street giants grow larger.
http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/are-treasury-and-the-fed-at-odds-over-big-banks-20130524

But at his 2010 Senate confirmation hearing to become head of Office of Management and Budget, Lew also indicated that he didn't consider the deregulation of Wall Street to be a "proximate" cause of the financial crisis --an answer that put him at odds with his boss, who declared as a presidential candidate in 2008: "It's because of deregulation that Wall Street was able to engage in the kind of irresponsible actions that have caused this financial crisis."
... snip ...

Gretchen Morgenson on Why Banks Are Still Too Big To Fail
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

Dodd-Frank set up a system to unwind troubled institutions when they become troubled. But it requires regulators taking a really firm stand against large, politically-interconnected, and powerful companies ... I just think it's too easy to put the taxpayer on the hook and bail these people out
... snip ...

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform, Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

some of the ploys involved in Dodd-Frank, email was uncovered that wallstreet lobbyists were providing provisions to be included in the Dodd-Frank draft. In some cases, they were blatant ridiculous, the added provisions would leak and then the same lobbyists would ridicule the provisions as part of discrediting the process. In other cases the provided provisions were enormously complex or fatally flawed, guaranteeing that it would take years attempting (or impossible) to come up with regulations.

Periodically, local DC news will refer to washington politics as Kabuki Theater, little of what you see publicly has anything to do with what is really going on (harking back to Roman Circus for the public)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Friends of Angelo are somewhat similar to the Keating FIve
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
during the S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
where Keating wrote them a memo that started out "Kill Black"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

trivia: rhetoric on the floor of congress was the primary purpose of GLBA (now better known for amendments like repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that if you already had banking charter, you got to keep it, but if you didn't, you couldn't get one (aka keep entities with new, more cost efficient technologies out of banking competition). Senator behind GLBA is #2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

not so much for GLBA & repeal of Glass-Steagall but for legislation that prevented regulation of CDS gambling bets (originally billed as gift to ENRON). Chair of CFTC proposed regulating CDS gambling bets and was quickly replaced with #2's wife, while he got act passed preventing regulation, then the wife resigns and joins ENRON's board and audit committee.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

From the law of unintended consequences: when FED was doing the real bailout behind the scenes, giving TBTF tens of trillions of ZIRP funds, they were limited to only providing ZIRP funds to those with banking charters. It turns out some of FED's TBTF friends on wallstreet didn't have banking charters; to make them eligible for ZIRP, they had to be given banking charters (theoretically in violation of GLBA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

ENRON made use of CDS gambling bets ... but they also played big role in the economic mess.

Oct2008 congressional testimony about the role that the credit rating agencies played, found that they were selling triple-A ratings for things they knew they weren't worth triple-A. Triple-A rating enabled no-documentation, liar loans, they could be securitized, given triple-A rating and then sold off immediately (including to funds restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension funds), significantly contributing to being able to do over $27T 2001-2008. Being able to sell everything off also eliminated any reason to care about loan quality or borrower's qualification.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Then they find that they can package securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and take out CDS gambling bets ... creating enormous demand for bad loans (now they cared about borrower's qualifications, but not in the traditional way). AIG was negotiating to pay off the CDS gambling bets at 50cents on the dollar when SECTREAS steps in, has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is firm previously headed by SECTREAS (and from where new SECTREAS comes).

recent posts mentioning Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#0 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#13 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z/OS under Linux ?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z/OS under Linux ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 14 Feb 2017 23:09:59 -0800
sipples@SG.IBM.COM (Timothy Sipples) writes:

Uh huh. And so can z/VM, and so can KVM for IBM z Systems and LinuxONE. Moreover, I would argue that Concurrent Processor Drawer Add and Concurrent Processor Drawer Repair/Replace are extremely sophisticated instances of live system movement within an IBM z System machine, and they are unique. You just never think about them that way because the system magically does all the work as the technician pops processors drawers in and out. It's like performing brain surgery on an Olympic athlete at the same time she's swimming to win her gold medal.

one of the VM370 service bureaus had live virtual machine migration between systems some 40+yrs ago ... POK was in the process of killing off VM370 product ... so the company wasn't interested in releasing something similar.

Part of the issue back then was that they provided online 7x24 world-wide. At the time all of IBM mainframes had downtime for preventive maintenance .... so it was used for non-disruptive taking boxes offline/online as part of maintenance.

turns out they had leveraged something I had done for adding psuedo address space for every virtual machine ... where all control blocks could be kept and could be removed to disk (to reduce real storage virtual machine footprint when idle). They added support for pulling it back in on different system in loosely coupled configuration.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

when to get out???

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: when to get out???
Date: 15 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#45 when to get out???

Trust: the inside story of the rise and fall of Ethereum
https://aeon.co/essays/trust-the-inside-story-of-the-rise-and-fall-of-ethereum

and with regard to previous posting about investment bankers running the internet IPO mills

Jean Tirole Fails the Tirole Test of What Makes an Economist a Scientist
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2017/02/jean-tirole-fails-tirole-test-makes-economist-scientist.html

The savings and loan debacle was contained in 1994. The dot-com bubble, the largest financial bubble in history, grew through the 1990s and began collapsing in 1999. SEC Chairman Levitt warned repeatedly about the sharp rise in accounting abuses. The housing bubble was rapidly expanding and the appraiser made public their warning of rampant appraisal fraud led by lenders in 2000. Predatory home lending was infamous.
... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

However, the "rampant appraisal fraud" wasn't the major issue in the economic mess. In 1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages. However they found they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A (even when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). The triple-A trumps supporting documents and enables 1) no-document liar loans, 2) not having to care about loan quality and/or borrowers' qualification, 4) doing over $27T 2001-2008, 5) packaging securitize mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims, and take out CDS gambling bets.

(triple-a) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Also previous reference to claims about Sarbanes-Oxley guaranteeing executives and auditors would do jailtime for public company fraudulent financial filings but required SEC do something, then GAO doing reports on fraudulent financial filings, even showed fraud increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 16 Feb 2017 09:32:22 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

I understand the usefulness quite well. TOPS-10 provided a way for LOGIN to do a RUN UOO of a specified program so that any user logging in would immediately be put into the app with no way out other than LOGOUT. The bias of Unix is to favor this approach which is understandable when you learn how Unix was originally developed.

This kind of computer usage was not the norm.


CMS regularly did auto profile exec since created from mid-60s ... possibly inherited from CTSS.

For example, the world-wide sales&marketing online (virtual machine based) HONE system ... used it to put their users directly into APL ... and they had change the login messages ... so lots of users were never even aware that it was cp67/cms (and later vm370/cms).

starting in the late 70s, there was periodic problem with former (succesful) branch manager to be promoted to executive in DPD hdqtrs with HONE reporting to them ... and horrified to find that the company ran on vm370/cms. They would then see that they could "make" their career by converting HONE from vm370/cms to MVS (given all the things they had been brain washed with while they were in the field). Nearly all the HONE resources get devoted to the conversion and after a year or two ... it would quietly fail and the executive would be promoted to something else (and somebody new would be brought in and the process repated).

Finally in the mid-80s, somebody decided that it was all my fault, because I provided HONE with a significantly enhanced vm370/cms (and thats why they couldn't move HONE off to a MVS system, aka HONE was so tied to all the enhancements).

past posts mentioning HONE (&/or APL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

TYMSHARE ... one of the major virtul machine based online commercial service bureau ... some past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

(and others) extended it to create a "padded cell" environment, crippling every feature that would allow the user to escape to a normal vm370/cms environment. It was also part of their online CMS-based computer conferencing system ... that they provided free to SHARE organization as VMSHARE starting in AUG1976 ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

some of my old vmshare related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

eventually "padded cell" became part of standard product ... references can be found searching vmshare archives.

trivia drift ... old email about porting lots of stuff from CP67 to VM370 (in the product morph of CP67 to VM370, they simplified and dropped lots of stuff).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

and other trivia drift, the 731212 email mentions two BU co-op (undergraduate) students working at the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

helping me with the port. they both graduate, one joining IBM in NY and the other joining another virtual machine based online commercial service bureau in the boston area. He comes up recently in this post over in ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#49 z/OS under Linux ?

about "modern" virtual machine systems able to dynamically migrate live virtual machines on the fly from one system to another ... he had done the VM370 enhancements to do that 40+ years ago. some past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#11 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#56 Virtual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#50 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#79 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#1 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#83 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

when to get out???

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: when to get out???
Date: 16 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#45 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#50 when to get out???

April 2008, there was an article out of the wharton business school that estimated approx. 1000 people were responsible for 80% of the economic mess and it would go a long way to fixing the problem if the gov. could figure out how to separate them from their positions ... article disappeared behind registration wall ... sometimes re-appears in the open ... but it also leaked to the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20080606084328/http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1933

some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

and three bloomberg articles from the period that goes into lots of detail .... that have since gone behind their premium paywall ... although the text can sometimes found other places on the web by searching on title (different search engines may give different results), ignore my garlic URLs since i don't provide anything more than following snippets.

Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

"Securitization was based on the premise that a fool was born every minute," Joseph Stiglitz, a professor of economics at Columbia University in New York, told a congressional committee on Oct. 21. "Globalization meant that there was a global landscape on which they could search for those fools -- and they found them everywhere."

The bundling of consumer loans and home mortgages into packages of securities -- a process known as securitization -- was the biggest U.S. export business of the 21st century. More than $27 trillion of these securities have been sold since 2001, according to the Securities Industry Financial Markets Association, an industry trade group. That's almost twice last year's U.S. gross domestic product of $13.8 trillion

... snip ...

Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

So investors betting for quick solutions to the financial crisis could be disappointed. The tangled web that banks wove over the years will take a long time to undo.

At the end of 2008, for example, off-balance-sheet assets at just the four biggest U.S. banks -- Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Wells Fargo & Co. -- were about $5.2 trillion, according to their 2008 annual filings.

... snip ...

Citi still had the most, even tho Citi had sold something like $60B for 22cents on the dollar earlier in the year, this talks a lot of the mechanics of what they were doing and regulators ignoring ("mark-to-market" $5.2T at 22cents would be $1T, brought back on the books would have resulted in them being declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated).

Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

COBOL and POSIX pipes

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: COBOL and POSIX pipes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Feb 2017 19:31:59 -0800
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

​It adds some really nice features to legacy z/OS. But UNIX files can be confusing to z/OS programmers because they are more like "memory" than "disk" in that they are simply an ordered sequence of _bytes_, not _records_. The file system itself does not have _any_ interpretation o​f how those bytes are grouped into logical records. z/OS programmers, in general, are used to reading individual records when reading a data set. When you read a UNIX file, the program must tell the UNIX kernel ("access method") how many bytes you want to read. UNIX will return __NO MORE__ than that number of bytes. It could return fewer, if there are not that many left before "end of file" (an on some other rare occasions). Your code must then somehow know where the data you want (aka "this record") ends. Which means either the file is composed of fixed length records, hard coded in the program, or there is meta information encoded in the file data itself which indicates a length (similar to the LLBB field in a z/OS variable length data set) for each record. You can't rely on the system "handing" you a logical record: when you do a UNIX read simply because there is no such thing, in a general sense.

Unix traditional records are variable length deliminated by trailing null/zero byte. lots of traditional unix API programming would read w/o length restriction and common attack is to provide extremely long record that would overwrite end of buffer being used ... resulting failure and/or compromise. Lots of pressure to get UNIX (c language) programmers to use API that specify maximum length read.

I had this discussion with Dennis Ritchie that traditional IBM variable length used two-byte explicit length prefixing ... while the unix method saved a byte per record, with just a single (null/zero) byte postfixing the record ... back in the days of "small memory" and pdp-7 ... birth of unix
http://www.linfo.org/pdp-7.html

trivia: some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr and did Multics and others went to the ibm science center on the 4th floor and did virtual machines, bunch of online applications, the internal network (also used for university bitnet/earn) and invented GML. folklore is that some of the AT&T worked on multics and then returned home and did unix
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics#UNIX
dennis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Ritchie

past posts mentioning ibm science center, 4th flr, 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
CTSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

I joke that when release 1 cp67 was delivered to the university in Jan1968 it had some code that I completely rewrote ... but then saw very similar code in unix 20yrs later (possibly all having traced back to CTSS?). recent posts mentioning early cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#28 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#29 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#30 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#32 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

I've also frequently commented that the original IBM mainframe TCP/IP product was implemented in vs/pascal and *never* had any of the length related vulnerabiilties and exploits that have been epidemic in C language implementations. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair
Date: 17 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-02-17/mary-jo-white-seriously-misled-us-senate-become-sec-chair

Given this demoralizing experience with the gold-plated Washington-Wall Street revolving door, one would have expected that President Trump, the man promising to drain the swamp in Washington, to have come up with a better plan for stewardship of the SEC. Instead, Trump's doubling down. His nominee for SEC Chair is Jay Clayton, a law partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, which has represented Goldman Sachs since the late 1800s. On top of that, Clayton's wife is a Vice President of (wait for it) Goldman Sachs.
... snip ...

past "Mary Jo White" refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#68 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#18 Fortune's Formula: The Untold Story Of The Scientific Betting System That Beat The Casinos And Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#28 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#49 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#41 New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#87 Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC

past Sullivan & Cromwell refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Feb 2017 12:54:56 -0800
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:

It was cruise missile navigation before GPS. The discussion was quite detailed. The patriot missile project was done by Raytheon and had the kind of round off errors that I am sure she would never be associated with.

in Gulf War/Desert Storm, Bush1 made claims about Patriot missile hitting nearly everytime ... engineering showed that it may have hit rarely and may have been as little as zero. Military Industrial Complex took revenge.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

engineer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Postol

misc. past mentioning engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#34 Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#49 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#3 Amid barrage of rockets, Iron Dome makes 2nd interception over greater Tel Aviv
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#71 Qbasic

and another reference mentioning patriot missile:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#10 Jedi Knights

above also references Boyd reviewing USAF air-to-air that they claimed hit everytime ... Boyd claimed it would be 10% or less in the real world. Role forward to vietnam and Boyd is shown correct. He tells story of USAF general in vietnam grounds all USAF fighters and have them refit with (navy) sidewinders which have better than 20% hit rate. The general last 3months before he is called on the carpet back at the Pentagon for reducing USAF budget share (and increasing Navy budget share)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

in the 90s, we worked with somebody from michigan on computer analysis of breast (cancer) xrays ... part of transition from film to digital. he told story of having been up for macarthur genius award ... but was then disqualified when they learned that he previously had worked on cruise missile guidance. couple past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#63 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wild Ducks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wild Ducks
Date: 17 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Under Watsons tenure at IBM 1st half of last century were very vocal about needing & supporting "wild ducks" ...

"you can make wild ducks tame, but you can never make tame ducks wild again. One might also add that the duck who is tamed will never go anywhere any more. We are convinced that any business needs its wild ducks. And in IBM we try not to tame them."

after Watsons retired, it became harder

Management Briefing
Number 1-72: January 18,1972
ZZ04-1312

TO ALL IBM MANAGERS:

Once again, I'm writing you a Management Briefing on the subject of bureaucracy. Evidently the earlier ones haven't worked. So this time I'm taking a further step: I'm going directly to the individual employees in the company. You will be reading this poster and my comment on it in the forthcoming issue of THINK magazine. But I wanted each one of you to have an advance copy because rooting out bureaucracy rests principally with the way each of us runs his own shop.

We've got to make a dent in this problem. By the time the THINK piece comes out, I want the correction process already to have begun. And that job starts with you and with me.

Vin Learson

... and ...

+-----------------------------------------+
|           "BUSINESS ECOLOGY"            |
|                                         |
|                                         |
|            +---------------+            |
|            |  BUREAUCRACY  |            |
|            +---------------+            |
|                                         |
|           is your worst enemy           |
|              because it -               |
|                                         |
|      POISONS      the mind              |
|      STIFLES      the spirit            |
|      POLLUTES     self-motivation       |
|             and finally                 |
|      KILLS        the individual.       |
+-----------------------------------------+


"I'M Going To Do All I Can to Fight This Problem . . ." by T. Vincent Learson, Chairman
... snip ....

part of death of "wild ducks" from Ferguson/Morris Computer Wars (Future System failure in mid-70s affect on corporate culture):

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
... and:

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

... then references about wild ducks are fine as long as you fly in formation. and then "how to stuff wild duck" poster
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/GO/wildDuck.html

misc. past posts mentioning ZZ04-1312:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#11 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#19 Where to Flatten the Officer Corps

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3350 disks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3350 disks
Date: 17 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
3350s had fixed-head option ... I tried to get project approved that would do "multiple exposures" for the fixed-head area ... like the 2305 (fixed-head disk) multiple-exposures ... i.e. multiple subchannel addresses ... would allow separate channel program data transfer to/from fixed-head area even when the rest of disk was busy (arm motion, rotation, etc) but not transfering data.

Got vetoed by Vulcan group in POK ... who figured more efficient disk might compete with the electronic disk that they were planning (vulcan got killed when corporation found it was selling all the memory that it could make at the higher processor memory markup) ... but by then things were getting into 3370s and 3380s.

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts mentioning Vulcan:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#8 IBM S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#104 Fixed Head Drive (Was: Re:Power distribution (Was: Re: A primeval C compiler)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#53 IBM 650 (was: Re: IBM--old computer manuals)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#65 Holy Satanism! Re: Hyper-Threading Technology - Intel information.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#73 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#3 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#45 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#59 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#61 Z/VM support for FBA devices was Re: z/OS support of HMC's 3270 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#74 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#63 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#64 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#31 Erich Bloch, IBM pioneer who later led National Science Foundation, dies at 91

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Feb 2017 15:29:17 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

This does not follow at all, buffer overflow vulnerabilities derive from shortcomings in the original standard C library not from the OS not imposing structure on files. There are no records in unix files at the OS level, this does not mean that there cannot be fixed size records at the application level and indeed I have written a fair amount of code that uses fixed sized records in unix. Buffer overflow vulnerabilities derive directly from the use of pointers in C instead of some kind of entity with a defined size and built in protection.

C language puts it on the programmer to manage all issues related to buffer position and lengths ... and they sometimes make mistakes. I've frequently equated it to mainframe assembler language which puts it on the programmer to manage contents of registers ... and they sometimes make mistakes ... seems to have been in approx. same frequency (two overlap some where assembler register contents is pointer).

register content management issues pretty much disappears with move to higher level language.

I've frequently pointed out that original mainframe tcp/ip product was done in vs/pascal and had none of the buffer related problems that have been epidemic in c-language implementations.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

trivia: original mainframe product implementation had some throughput issues getting around 44kbytes/sec using 3090 processor. I did the rfc1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at cray research got sustained channel throughtput (mbyte/sec) between cray and 4341 using only modest amount of 4341 processing (possible 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

decade or so ago ... I attempted to get some stats on kinds of internet problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43 security taxonomy and CVE
from the nist/mitre CVE exploit database
http://cve.mitre.org/

at the time, the CVE entries were really free form, I talked to mitre at the time about adding a little structure and/or categories ... but they said they were lucky to get any kind of report ... they've since been able to add some structure.

mention in the 2004 post, out of the total cve database, 520 entries did mention buffer overflow.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Feb 2017 21:07:52 -0800
cb@elaine.df.lth.se (Christian Brunschen) writes:

You might find this effort interesting:

http://cheri-cpu.org

Capability Hardware Enhanced RISC Instructions (CHERI)

"This project is an outgrowth of our earlier Capsicum project, which explored hybrid capability models in the context of UNIX operating system design. While a successful project, we identified a number of limitations to current CPU designs that made application compartmentalisation tricky, despite enhanced operating system support. CHERI is a hardware-software interface research project seeking to revise ISA design in order to better support software compartmentalisation. CHERI transposes the Capsicum hybrid capability model into the CPU architecture space, allowing fine-grained compartmentalisation within process address spaces ... while continuing to support current software designs."


TYMSHARE did GNOSIS for ibm/370 ... when M/D bought TYMSHARE,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare#Tymshare_sold_to_McDonnell_Douglas</a>
I was brought in to evaluate GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
http://www.cap-lore.com/Agorics/Library/KeyKos/Gnosis/keywelcome.html
as part of spin-off for KeyKOS

KeyKOS - A Secure, High-Performance Environment for S/370
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Key370/Key370.html
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/KK/
some discussion of Keykos (secure) use of mapping hardware
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/PrivMap.html

part of GNOSIS objective was enabling 3party application offerings on TYMSHARE service ... and being able to account for user use of each 3party offerings. I would claim that in the move/migration from GNOSIS to KeyKOS they eliminated all the accounting in every transition ... enromously increasing performance.

capability EROS evolved from GNOSIS/KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extremely_Reliable_Operating_System
https://web.archive.org/web/20031029002231/http://www.eros-os.org:80/
capability CapROS evolved from GNOSIS/KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CapROS
http://www.capros.org/
capability Coyotos evolved from GNOSIS/KeyKOS
https://web.archive.org/web/20060203013048/http://www.coyotos.org:80/

TYMSHARE also had thriving VM370/CMS service ... and i've recently mentioned offered their CMS-based online computer conferencing system free to (ibm user group) SHARE as vmshare starting in AUG1976, archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
some old email about vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

past posts mentioning GNOSIS/KeyKOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#69 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#22 No more innovation? Get serious
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#73 7090 vs. 7094 etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#33 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#35 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#10 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#59 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#0 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#4 markup vs wysiwyg (was: Re: learning how to use a computer)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#43 IBM doing anything for 50th Anniv?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#63 Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#75 30th b'day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#18 Multiple layers of virtual address translation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#41 Segments, capabilities, buffer overrun attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#15 two pi, four phase, 370 clone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#20 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#50 Slashdot: O'Reilly On The Importance Of The Mainframe Heritage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#19 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#22 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#26 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#24 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#54 Thoughts on Utility Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#4 OS Partitioning and security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#27 NSF interest in Multics security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#29 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#49 EAL5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#41 Multi-processor timing issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#33 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#7 How do you say "gnus"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#7 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#12 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#67 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#43 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#50 Secure design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#13 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#30 Public disclosure of discovered vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#12 Flat Query
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#37 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#34 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#13 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#7 Very slow booting and running and brain-dead OS's?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#11 Multiple mappings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#16 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#26 user level TCP implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#25 LAX IT failure: leaps of faith don't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#17 Oddly good news week: Google announces a Caps library for Javascript
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#24 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#50 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#12 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#7 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#23 Doug Engelbart's "Mother of All Demos"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#14 Two views of Microkernels (Re: Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#3 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#4 Possibility of malicious CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#28 Opinion: The top 10 operating system stinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#84 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#75 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#63 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#2 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#71 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#35 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#42 i432 on Bitsavers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#55 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#39 Just a quick link to a video by the National Research Council of Canada made in 1971 on computer technology for filmmaking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#40 GNOSIS & KeyKOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#43 Virtual address Memory Protection Unit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#53 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#59 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#57 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#58 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#57 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#7 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#38 There can be no System Security without System Integrity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#80 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#55 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#6 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#57 Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#58 Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#58 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#59 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#6 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#13 Bounded pointers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#44 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#53 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#40 Named Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#53 transactions, was There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#43 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#29 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#12 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#110 Tymshare sold to McDonnell Douglas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Does Congress Accept Perpetual Wars?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Does Congress Accept Perpetual Wars?
Date: 18 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Why Does Congress Accept Perpetual Wars?
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/why-does-congress-accept-perpetual-wars/

Who still reads Boyd?
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2017/02/18/who-still-reads-boyd/
The Moscow School of Hard Knocks: Key Pillars of Russian Strategy
https://warontherocks.com/2017/01/the-moscow-school-of-hard-knocks-key-pillars-of-russian-strategy/

touches on long/perpetual war created by destabilizing the middle-east (by a Boyd acolyte)

The Domestic Roots of Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
here
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/52781209/General%20Defense/Domestic%20Roots%20of%20Perpetual%20War.pdf
from
http://www.challengemagazine.com/
and
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/pentagon-labyrinth.html

old spinney/boyd article (spinney on cover of time) ... what prompted me sponsoring Boyd's briefings at ibm ... gone behind paywall but most of it leaked to wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

by the time Boyd passes, the USAF had pretty much disowned him ... it were the Marines at Arlington (89/90 commandant leverages Boyd for the make-over the Corps), Boyd Hall then seems to be somewhat unexpected.

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999

... snip ...

modulo some on-going difficulties with maneuver warfare
http://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/attritionist-letters-archives
with
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maneuver_warfare#Boyd_and_US_acceptance_of_maneuver_warfare
also archived here
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2011/05/11/27461/

boyd posts & web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Feb 2017 17:04:43 -0800
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

Around 5 years ago I was discussing Ghost in the Shell movie with a coworker. Basically, they had cyber brains, titantium bodies with servos, etc. that people's thoughts, emotions, memories, etc. could be transferred to if their brain survived a plane crash or the had a physical illness that was killing them. Since such minds were connected to the Internet, they seemed to have rather poor quality cyber brain firewalls. A person who was mind hacked could be given false memories, etc.

Creating False Memories
https://faculty.washington.edu/eloftus/Articles/sciam.htm
How to Instill False Memories
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/how-to-instill-false-memories/
The Most Shocking Fact About Fake Memories
http://www.spring.org.uk/2016/12/fake-memories.php
A 'Memory Hacker'Explains How to Plant False Memories in People' Minds
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/memory-hacker-implant-false-memories-in-peoples-minds-julia-shaw-memory-illusion
Implant False Memories into Other People's Heads
https://mind-hacks.wonderhowto.com/how-to/implant-false-memories-into-other-peoples-heads-why-you-should-0164661/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

BITNET 8bit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: BITNET 8bit
Date: 19 Feb 2017
Blog: Google+
former co-worker at science center developed vnet/rscs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_VNET
with (8-bit)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_Synchronous_Communications

which was used for internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). A version of the software was also used for the corporate sponsored university network (bitnet, which for a time was also larger than arpanet/internet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

another former co-worker at science center on assignment from france ... later is then responsible for creating earn (bitnet in europe).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network

early email looking for internal network applications that might be made available to universities
http://www.garlic.cm/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

old email about csnet gatewaay used "phonenet" (would have been rs232) but csnet also had interfaces to arpanet and telenet/gte
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#0

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet/earn network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

note that increasing pressure in the mid-80s was to convert vnet/rscs from bisync to sna. At least internally, we had "y-connector" that mapped full-duplex to two different mainframe subchannel address (one for transmit, one for receive) and native drivers significantly outperformed later sna versions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Zero-copy write on modern motherboards

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:35:39 -0800
bit-naughty writes:

I read about "zero-copy write" where data is shifted from disk straight to network (for a server) Without being copied to RAM first!! My question is: are there any motherboards in the modern consumer space which support this feature? Whichever architecture...?

original in early/mid 80s by NCAR filesystem with NSC HYPERChannel, server downloaded i/o program to disk controller (adapter) for transfer directly from disk over network to client. NSC/NCAR then added "3rd party transfer" to HIPPI switch architecture for IPI disk arrays.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIPPI

For a time in the early 90s, NCAR had spinoff that attempted to market their filesystem commercially (MESA Archival) ... misc. past posts mentioning mesa archival
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#22 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#61 GE 625/635 Reference + Smart Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#31 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#6 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#29 FW: Is FICON good enough, or is it the only choice we get?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#15 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#16 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#19 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#47 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#51 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#58 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#69 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#71 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#46 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#68 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Jean Tirole's Proposal to Appoint Felons to Monitor CEOs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Jean Tirole's Proposal to Appoint Felons to Monitor CEOs
Date: 29 Feb 2017
Blog: Google+
Quis custodiet ipsos custodies? Jean Tirole's Proposal to Appoint Felons to Monitor CEOs
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2017/02/quis-custodiet-ipsos-custodies-jean-tiroles-proposal-appoint-felons-monitor-ceos.html

It takes a thief: The first SEC chairman; The SEC Historical Society has new pictures and essays honoring its first chairman - Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt supposedly said he appointed Kennedy to the SEC because it takes a thief to catch a thief. Indeed, the arch-liberal Kennedy clan's wealth has some pretty dubious origins.

Man Called Intrepid, loc1446-59:

Kennedy had just revisited the United States on a vacation that the British Foreign Office thought might be in preparation for a campaign to win the presidency from Roosevelt. The platform on which Kennedy would fight, the British suspected, would include a policy of staying out of the war. Kennedy had used his visit to tell his fellow Americans, in public statements, that Hitler would win the war against the British and that the conflict involved no moral issues.

loc2645-52:

The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later, Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected President." He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British statements or said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain to win the war." British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw discretion to be the better part of valor
... snip ...

of course kennedy wasn't the only one, June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis.

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity

other recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#10 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#40 Job Loyalty

More recently, rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do soemthing. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reports, even show increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Then there is Madoff congressional hearings that had testimony from person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in, speculation that he had defrauded some unsavory characters and he was looking for gov. protection).

military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
Financial Reporting Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 17:11:25 -0800
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:

DEC was pretty strong on special vocabulary and NIH, even if they made excellent machines and support/documentation.

I've told story periodically how head of IBM POK (large mainframe) considered a major contributor to VMS (closing vm370/CMS development group in burlington mall and trying to transfer all to POK to work on MVS/XA ... but some number escaping to DEC ... and a few to PRIME)

Many years later, ran into a DEC executive to OSF ... was one of the former Burlington people that had escaped to DEC (although not any of those listed here)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation
but is one of the DEC execs listed here
http://tech-insider.org/vms/research/1990/1025-a.html

a couple recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#79 VM370 Development

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 19:33:55 -0800
Gene Wirchenko <genew@telus.net> writes:

This is, of course, true of other companies, too. IBM and DASD (Direct Access Storage Device (basically, a hard drive)) comes immediately to mind.

trivia: "dasd" was invented before it was apparent that disk would dominate ... there were also other DASD like drums and mag-strips (2321),

650 drum
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/650/650_ph09.html
more magnetic drum
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/650/650_pr1.html
2301
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/drum.html
2321 data cell
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2321.html
more 2321
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/datacell.html

posts getting to play enginneer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Zero-copy write on modern motherboards

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 21:06:30 -0800
cruff@ruffspot.net (Craig Ruff) writes:

Indeed, they may have sold one system, or had a tenative agreement to sell one. Mesa went out of business pretty quickly.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#63 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards

In 1980, when STL was moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg, with access back to STL datacenter, I got con'ed into writing the channel-extender support downloading channel programs to remote A510 (the A510 was enhanced to A515 to include disk channel program search arguments) .... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

I periodically got calls from NCAR IBM account team to answer questions about HYPERchannel. also somewhat related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

1988, I got asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they had ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ... including downloading i/o programs to remote end.

about same time senior disk engineer got talk scheduled at communication group internal annual world-wide conferrence ... supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened the talk with statement was going to be responsible for demise of disk division. The issue was the communication group had strategic responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls, was fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm. The disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to address the situation, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

As a result disk division was providing investment funding for outside companies (anything that might sell disks) ... like mesa archival ... and they asked us to visit mesa archival a number of times and try and provide any help we could. We were also working with datatree (from LANL, being marketed by General Atomics, which was also operating san diego supercomputer center) and Unitree (LLNL filesystem) ... and some number of others.

triva: NSC tried to get IBM to release the 1980 support I did for channel extender ... but there was a group in POK that was playing with some serial stuff, and got it veto'ed (they were afraid if my support was in the market, they would have harder time getting thier stuff released). They finally did get their stuff released in 1990 as ESCON, when it was already obsolete.

misc. past posts mentioning 3rd party transfers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#60 Mainframes and "mini-computers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#47 send/recv vs. raw RDMA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#22 303x, idals, dat, disk head settle, and other rambling folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#46 comp.arch classic: the 10-bit byte
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#33 The attack of the killer mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#43 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#47 Using a PC as DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#23 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#63 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#77 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 13:13:51 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

And then there are SSDs, which today are stronger than ever. (It's questionable whether the D even deserves to be there, aside from the fact that SSDs emulate disks.)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#66 The ICL 2900

recent reference to vulcan:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#57 3350 disks

which was going to be electronic disk in the late 70s, but it turned out that it got canceled when IBM observed that customers were buying all the chips as fast as fast as IBM could make it at the higher markup processor memory. the vulcan people had earlier got a feature that I tried to have added to 3350 disk because they thot it might affect their target market.

we then started buying "1655" that could operate either as emulated 2305 fixed head disk ... or in native 4k record mode. This turned out to be from another electronic chip memory maker ... using chips that failed test for processor memory ... but could still be used for emulated disks (it looked like IBM quality control would never have come up with such a solution, once a chip failed a test, it was junked, ever if it could still have been used for another purpose).

SSDs that could preserve data across off loss of power, have advanced and the number of lifetime writes have dramatically increased (90s it was measured in tens of thousands) ... more recently there have been competing articles ... configuring SSDs for data that has fewer writes ... versus SSDs having lifetimes that will outlast hard disks.

past posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts mentioning 1655:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#17 database (or b-tree) page sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#53 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#31 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#17 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#40 Do any architectures use instruction count instead of timer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#15 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#17 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#55 HASP assembly: What the heck is an MVT ABEND 422?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#39 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#73 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#3 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#5 He Who Thought He Knew Something About DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#51 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#1 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#46 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#57 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#36 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#30 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#59 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#26 Tom's Hdw review of SSDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#9 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#4 Remembering the CDC 6600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#15 Flash memory arrays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#54 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#22 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#82 [OT] What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#75 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#9 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#43 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#0 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#64 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#24 What was a 3314?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 13:48:50 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

we then started buying "1655" that could operate either as emulated 2305 fixed head disk ... or in native 4k record mode. This turned out to be from another electronic chip memory maker ... using chips that failed test for processor memory ... but could still be used for emulated disks (it looked like IBM quality control would never have come up with such a solution, once a chip failed a test, it was junked, ever if it could still have been used for another purpose).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#66 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#68 The ICL 2900

now 3090 did something different ... because it had a number of issues.

MVS/XA was extremely bloated software and the 3880 disk control unit (3380 disks) had extremely high channel busy (much higher than the previous 3830 controller ... even when doing 3mbyte data tranfers).

As part of compensating for the extremely high 3880 controller channel busy ... they had to double the number of the channels in the original design (in order to meet aggregate i/o throughput), which increased the number of TCMs, which increased the manufacturing costs (there was joke that 3090 product would charge off the extra TCM cost to the 3880 product group).

Double number of channels, for more aggregate throughput, needed higher number of concurrent tasks and the extremely bloated design, both needed more memory than turned out could be physically packaged within transmission latency limits. So they packaged the additional memory as "extended storage" with a wide, fast bus ... and software support that does 4k page moves between processor memory and extended store (synchronous instruction, was a long instruction, but much shorter than pathlength through i/o and interrupt routine).

later when trying to position as "supercomputer", it needed to be able to do HiPPI I/O
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIPPI
recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#63 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#67 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards

HIPPI transfer rates were faster than 3090 i/o subsystem could handle. Sort of kludge, they cut into the side of "extended store" bus and used peek/poke reserved addresses to perform HIPPI i/O.

past posts mentioning 3090 extended store:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#16 Would multi-core replace SMPs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#41 A History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#3 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#50 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#99 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead

past posts mentioning 3090 needed to double number of channels (and add extra TCM) because of very high 3880 channel busy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#15 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#22 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#13 What was the historical price of a P/390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#16 What was the historical price of a P/390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#37 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#0 coax (3174) throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#45 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#22 3270 archaeology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#19 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#94 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#95 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#3 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 18:41:23 -0800
hancock4 writes:

But by the time MVS/XA came out, the customers for that system were experienced and sophisticated. Wouldn't they have noticed the poor performance and heavy usage as they attempted to tune the machine for their needs, and then give IBM grief over the design? Computers, especially the big ones, were still extremely expensive to buy and operate (lots of power, lots of a/c). Customers were sensitive about large costs.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#66 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#68 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#69 The ICL 2900

lots of factors ... including 3090 machines were faster ... so obfuscation and misdirection that because they were faster, needed a lot more turning/configuring.

also marketing respun the doubling of the planned number of channels ... as how great an i/o machine the 3090 was with all those channels ... as opposed to the number of channels channels had been doubled to compensate for the big increase in 3880 controller channel busy time.

note also, users weren't moving from MVS to MVS/XA as fast as they were supposed to. in order to help, the internal development virtual machine facility (which they never intended to release to customers) was packaged as the "migration aid". recent posts mentioning migration aid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#79 VM370 Development
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#32 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#36 IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper

note also PR/SM-LPAR was originally developed for 3090 in response to Amdahl's hypervisor i.e. subset of virtual machine function built into the machine hardware ... partitioning into multiple logical machines. LPAR increasingly become default operation ... which could be construed as partitioning all machines resources into subsets small enough to be efficiently managed by MVS technologies.

Note also I've recently mentioned starting to claim in the mid-70s that disk relative system throughput was declining and in 1st half of 80s claiming that it had declined by order of magnitude since 60s. Disk division executives took exception and assigned the division system performance group to refute my claims. After a few weeks they came back and essentially said that I had slightly understated the issue. This was respun into share presentation about configuring disks for better throughput, session B874 at SHARE 63, 18Aug1984 ... not long before 3090 announce ... feb1985
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

3090 significantly increase processor performance .... while not only had disks not matched that improvement (relative system throughput declined) ... the 3880 actually declined in absolute terms compared to 3830. The 3330->3380 transfer rate had increased from 800k/sec to 3m/sec ... but the 3880 controller processing had actually slowed down compared to 3830 controller. The 3090 people had planned number of channels based on the 3mbyte/sec transfer rate, but assumed 3880 controller would have channel busy overhead same as (or better than) 3830 ... but 3880 had much worse channel busy overhead for each operation (driving need to compensate for increased channel busy by significantly increasing number of channels).

Finally MVS/XA was still very static resource management ... with manually setable tuning parameters ... not like the dynamic adaptive stuff that I had done as undergraduate in the 60s. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

past posts mentioning B874:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#46 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#5 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#71 308x Processors - was "Mainframe articles"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#34 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#52 Hercules; more information requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#1 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#70 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#31 Wax ON Wax OFF -- Tuning VSAM considerations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#32 OS idling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#33 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#18 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#35 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#61 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#5 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#32 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#73 Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#62 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#72 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#87 Death of spinning disk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#0 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#12 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#21 What was a 3314?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#68 Raspberry Pi 3?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#38 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#40 Floating point registers or general purpose registers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#45 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year-old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#32 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's Rise in Artificial Intelligence

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China's Rise in Artificial Intelligence
Date: 21 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
China's Rise in Artificial Intelligence
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/02/china-artificial-intelligence/516615/

China May Soon Surpass America on the Artificial Intelligence Battlefield
http://nationalinterest.org/feature/china-may-soon-surpass-america-the-artificial-intelligence-19524

China's military approaching 'near parity' with the West
http://www.businessinsider.com/chinas-military-near-parity-west-2017-2

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 22:31:55 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

SSDs that could preserve data across off loss of power, have advanced and the number of lifetime writes have dramatically increased (90s it was measured in tens of thousands) ... more recently there have been competing articles ... configuring SSDs for data that has fewer writes ... versus SSDs having lifetimes that will outlast hard disks.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#66 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#68 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#69 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#70 The ICL 2900

SSDs to Benefit from Machine Learning in Data Storage
http://www.infostor.com/disk-arrays/ssds-to-benefit-from-machine-learning-in-data-storage.html

The final question that's worth asking is how effective is this machine learning in storage systems technology in practice? What are the potential gains. "I have seen twenty fold increases in endurance with some trade-offs, but realistically five to seven times endurance gains are what is probably possible," concludes Coughlin.
... snip ...

flash, eeprom, ssd, etc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_memory

Although flash memory is technically a type of EEPROM, the term "EEPROM" is generally used to refer specifically to non-flash EEPROM which is erasable in small blocks, typically bytes.[citation needed] Because erase cycles are slow, the large block sizes used in flash memory erasing give it a significant speed advantage over non-flash EEPROM when writing large amounts of data. As of 2013,[needs update?] flash memory costs much less than byte-programmable EEPROM and had become the dominant memory type wherever a system required a significant amount of non-volatile solid-state storage.
....

In December 2012, Taiwanese engineers from Macronix revealed their intention to announce at the 2012 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting that it has figured out how to improve NAND flash storage read/write cycles from 10,000 to 100 million cycles using a "self-healing" process that uses a flash chip with "onboard heaters that could anneal small groups of memory cells."[26] The built-in thermal annealing replaces the usual erase cycle with a local high temperature process that not only erases the stored charge, but also repairs the electron-induced stress in the chip, giving write cycles of at least 100 million.[27] The result is a chip that can be erased and rewritten over and over, even when it should theoretically break down. As promising as Macronix's breakthrough could be for the mobile industry, however, there are no plans for a commercial product to be released any time in the near future.[28]
... snip ...

chipcards in the early 90s had eeprom with 10k-30k write lifetimes. I was brought in to evaluate DIGICASH assets, there were patents that focused on minimizing the number of writes required to perform a transaction (extending chipcard lifetime). misc. posts mentioning digicash:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#erictalk Announce: Eric Hughes giving Stanford EE380 talk this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#erictalk2 Announce: Eric Hughes giving Stanford EE380 talk this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#57 The fundamental _barrier to entry_ in the business of payment systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#26 Fixing SSL (was Re: Dutch Transport Card Broken)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#39 "Trusted" CA - Oxymoron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#53 Digital cash is the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#81 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#45 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

some recent SSD evaluation
http://techreport.com/review/27909/the-ssd-endurance-experiment-theyre-all-dead

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 09:49:47 -0800
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:

A typical FC setup (what Lynn might call FiCON) will have two controller ports on a host connected to redundant fabrics (multiple directors/switches) connected to storage units. The storage units are very capable computers in their own right which have hundreds or thousands of individual disk drives.

as I've said frequently ... 1980, STL was moving 300 people from the IMS (database) group to offsite bldg and I got ocn'ed into doing remote channel support ... so channel-attached controllers could be placed at the offsite bldg. Part of that was downloading channel programs to the remote end ... to help offset the enormous latency of the heavy weight channel programm chatter. The vendor then tried to get IBM to let them release the support ... but a group in POK that was working on some serial sttuff got it veto'ed (they were afraid it might make it more difficult to get their stuff released). Their stuff is finally released a decade later as ESCON in 1990 with ES9000, when it is already obsolete. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
semi-related recent posts (over in comp.arch) ... HIPPI channel standard out of LANL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#63 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#67 Zero-copy write on modern motherboards

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were working which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including downloading i/o programs to remote end ... to help mask i/o program protocol chatter latency) ... at the time 1gbit (concurrent both directions).

As part of HA/CMP were worked with group in Hursley that was doing some (copper, 80mbit/sec full-duplex) serial stuff that packetizes SCSI commands. I do some benchmarks show 9333 with half-dozen physical SCSI drives has much higher throughput than same number of identical drives running over SCSI bus. I want it to evolve into interop with 1/8th and 1/4th speed fibre-channel standard instead it evolves into (non-interoperable) 160mbit SSA. old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13 SSA
and ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_Storage_Architecture

In the 90s, some POK (mainframe) channel engineers get involved in fibre-channel standard and define a heavy-weight protocol for fibre-channel standard that enormously reduces the native I/O throughput (I still have fibre-channel committee email list archived from the period) which is eventually released as FICON. Most recent published benchmarks I can find is z196 peak i/o benchmark that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICONs running over 104 fibre-channel. About the same time there was native fibre-channel announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (i.e. two such native fibre-channel having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre-channel). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

They have recently done something a little like the I/O program download that I did in 1980 (offset enormous protocol chatter latency) ... referenced as zHPF/TCW ... but only claims 30% improvement over "native" FICON, aka maybe only 70 FICON (over 70 fibre-channel) to get 2M IOPS, compared to two fibre-channel getting over 2M IOPS native throughput.

The other issue is that they still have to emulate CKD "DASD" ... even though real CKD "DASD" haven't been manufactured for decades, being emulated on industry standard fixed-block disks ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Also did meetings on SCI serial stuff ... which came out of SLAC ... which had specs for a number of things including I/O and memory bus ... probably best known for scalable memory used for 256way SMP Sequent and Data General (64 4-way intel boards) and Convex/HP (64 2-way snake boards) and some others.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface
which plays with futurebus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futurebus
and infiniband
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InfiniBand

in HA/CMP we were working on both commerecial cluster scaleup with RDBMS vendors and scientific/technical cluster scaleup with national labs ... as well as supercomputer filesystems ... helping with standardizing LLNL supercomputer filesystem and release as Unitree. The 95 SSA post (above) references Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on 128-way RDBMS scaleup. With a few weeks after the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was transfered, announced as supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. press from 17Feb1992, *scientific and technical* only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and 11May1992 "IBM" *caught by surprise* by national lab interest in cluster supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2
old email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

we then decide to leave.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 10:04:20 -0800
Richard Thiebaud <thiebauddick2@aol.com> writes:

What are PROFS?

plays a role here:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
for Olie North
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_North

used extensively in commercial, gov. and univ accounts in the 80s ... especially by higher level executives. 3270 gui/menu based productivity ... included calendaring, email, etc.

PROFS group had adapted various internal apps for various components, including internal VMSG for the email client. When the VMSG author tried to offer them a much enhanced version, they attempted to get him fired. The whole thing quieted down when he showed that his initials were in non-displayed field in every PROFS email. After that, he only shared the VMSG source with me and one other person.

precursor to OfficeVision
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_OfficeVision
also mentioned here
https://siarchives.si.edu/blog/history-email-smithsonian

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#10 IBM 1970s

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 13:08:11 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

As part of HA/CMP were worked with group in Hursley that was doing some (copper, 80mbit/sec full-duplex) serial stuff that packetizes SCSI commands. I do some benchmarks show 9333 with half-dozen physical SCSI drives has much higher throughput than same number of identical drives running over SCSI bus. I want it to evolve into interop with 1/8th and 1/4th speed fibre-channel standard instead it evolves into (non-interoperable) 160mbit SSA. old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13 SSA
and ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_Storage_Architecture


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900

trivia: cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as supercomuter, we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. and we decide to leave.

Two of the oracle people that we were working with (and named in the Jan1992 Ellison conference meeting) later have also left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". some old posts mentioning "SSL" digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

other trivia: I had done some of the work on the original relational/SQL implementation (in sjr/bldg28) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

and I was also involved in the tech transfer of System/R to Endicott for SQL/DS ... "under the radar" while the corporation was involved in the next new DBMS "EAGLE". When "EAGLE" implodes there is request for how fast could there be a relational port to MVS ... that is eventually announced as DB2 (original for decision support *ONLY*). One of the other Oracle people mentioned in the JAN1992 Ellison conference meeting ... said that when at IBM, he was the primary person responsible for SQL/DS tech transfer from Endicott back to STL (for DB2) .... although SJR/bldg28 and STL/bldg90 are less than 10miles apart (I used to ride my bike between the two bldgs). another ref:
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/

I use to work with Jim Gray at IBM Research ... but when he left for tandem, he palmed some number of things on me ... including DBMS consulting with the IMS group ... some old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016

which has nothing at all to do (directly) about 1980 getting con'ed into doing channel extender support for the 300 people from the IMS group being moved to offsite bldg
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

or getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Another Big Company Departs California

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Another Big Company Departs California
Date: 22 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Another Big Company Departs California
http://www.investors.com/politics/commentary/another-big-company-departs-california-will-last-one-to-leave-shut-the-lights/

Nestle was building new hdqtrs in Purchase, NY ... before it is completely finished, it sells the bldg to IBM for ten cents on the dollar. Then later in the 90s, when IBM was selling off lots of stuff to raise cash (improving balance sheet for executive bonuses) ... IBM sells it to MasterCard for their new hdqtrs. Right after MasterCard moves in, we have executive planning session there ... and they mention that they paid IBM less for the bldg than it cost them to replace the hardware on all internal doors (possibly 1% of the original cost to build). a couple past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#55 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#51 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#68 Lineage of TPF

Lots of companies seem to have moved to Washington, DC area ... apparently business is increasingly about lobbying congress.

Other misc. trivia: late last century we were criticizing some internet technology, at a financial standards meeting sponsored by large financial lobbying group in DC, we were asked to step out of the meeting to speak to somebody. The person we were introduced to said he was from a NJ ethnic organization and some investment bankers asked him to talk to us, it was nothing personal, purely business. The investment bankers had upcoming IPO involving the technology and were expecting $2B, but our criticism could be a 10% downside, and would we just shutup.

We went to some federal LEOs and were told that investment bankers are like that. Some number had walked away "clean" from the S&L crisis and were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a couple tens of millions, "hype" for a couple years and then IPO for a couple billion, companies later fail, leaving the field clear for the next round of IPOs), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages (aka the economic mess from last decade).

S&L crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

posts mentioning Internet IPO mills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#61 Association Of Certified Fraud Examiners Release 2014 Report On Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#78 The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#83 Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#87 Finance Is Not the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#50 when to get out???

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporate Tax Rate

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Corporate Tax Rate
Date: 22 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
2008 (CBS? news) broadcast roundtable at annual economist conference. they referenced congress considered the most corrupt institution on earth in large part for selling tax loopholes. they claimed that US would get back 6% of (lost) GDP going to flat rate with no loopholes (3% gain for eliminating enormous resources lost dealing with tax code and 3% businesses making non-optimal decisions to conform to loopholes). They made point that biggest lobbying against such change are the tax industry responsible for the "lost" 3% (CPA, tax lawyers, tax software, etc) and the country of Ireland (loopholes from early part of century that allow corporate profits to be exported offshore to havens that cut deals for trivial taxes). They observed downside was that congress would then invent some other graft and corruption.

2002 Congress lets fiscal responsibility act expire (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report, 2003-2009 taxes were reduced by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget.

fiscal responsibility act:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
tax evasion, tax fraud, tax havens, tax avoidance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

flat-rate tax posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#71 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#49 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#43 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#83 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#20 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#31 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#48 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#49 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#40 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#37 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#58 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#73 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#18 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 18:00:23 -0800
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:

Yes, we had it here. We had a pair of 370/145s, and each machine could support FOUR PROFS users! More than 4, and then the system got REALLY slow. Well, 145's were not speed demons, but that seems awfully mediocre.

recent PROFS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#10 IBM 1970s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900

vm/370 has various problems periodically over the years .... increasingly bloated software and real memory requirements, and some of the stuff done inside the PROFS software they did was really bloated.

part of the issue in the morph from cp67 to vm370, they did removed some function and simplified other things.

I recently mentioned doing simulated user benchmark at the univ with early version of cp67 on 768k 360/67 against tss/360 .... simulated fortran program input, edit, compile and execution. cp67/cms had better interactive response and thruput with 35 simulated users than tss/360 had with four simulated users.

vm370/cms PROFS bottleneck on 370/145 ... if standard memory 512kbytes, 128 4k pages minus what might be taken by various microcode features ... reducing available real storage to possibly 480k-500k bytes maybe 120 pages .... likely was increasing bloated kernel fixed real storage requirement ... which would have resulted in CMS/PROFS page thrashing in what was left. PROFS available in the 80s ... would most likely be some VM/SP which could easily be 200k bytes fixed kernel ... leaving say 70 4k pages.

bloated vmsp/cms memory requirements in the 80s was significantly masked by 8mbyte and larger real memory machines with a couple hundred kilobytes of CMS and application "shared pages" relatively consistently cached in real memory (rather than constantly have to be paged in and out).

In the mid-70s ... I was asked to get vm370/cms up and running on 256kbyte 370/125-ii. At one time, cp67 ran easily on 256kbyte 360/67 ... but vm370 no longer fit on such small machine. I had to do some unnatural things to vm370 fixed real storage requirements to get it down to 80kbytes (for the 125) ... and it got much, much worse going into the 80s.

In the mid-80s (PROFS timeframe), I was blamed for slipping the VM/PC (single user vm370/cms hooked into PC/XT) initial shipping to customers, because I showed it was page thrashing in 384kbyte storage size. They did a kludge 128kbytes to the board, increasing the real storage to 512kbytes ... which only partially mediated the page thrashing (for single user). misc. past posts mentioning vm/pc:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#56 ECPS:VM DISPx instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#40 IBM system 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#7 Whatever happened to IBM's VM PC software?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#42 Mythical computers and magazine reviews
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#78 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#48 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#77 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#10 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#8 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#18 June 1985 email

the vm/pc was 68k emulating 370 instructions at about 100KIPS ... which was about 1/3rd of 370/145 KIPS ... but the big issue was the increasingly bloated real storage requirements (both fixed real storage as well as working set sizes).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 21:29:09 -0800
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

It appearantly took several thousand years for people to move from the Japan/Korea area to South America. The distances travelled were less than 100 km per generation.

I can understand that. Some of my ancestors were Shoshone. Some tribal members wanted to go south and get the new animals called horses. The tribe decided not to, they knew where the animals migrated and the plants they could eat in the area of what is now Wyoming. Some decided to head south anyway, and became the group named Comanche.


The Real Story: Who Discovered America
http://www.voanews.com/a/who-discovered-america/3541542.html
First humans arrived in North America a lot earlier than believed
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170116091428.htm
Did the first humans arrive in North America 10,000 years earlier than thought? Bones fund in Canada cave show 'indisputable' marks from stone tools
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4125730/Humans-arrived-North-America-10-000-years-earlier.html

Comanche Empire
http://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/

In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a Native American empire rose to dominate the fiercely contested lands of the American Southwest, the southern Great Plains, and northern Mexico. This powerful empire, built by the Comanche Indians, eclipsed its various European rivals in military prowess, political prestige, economic power, commercial reach, and cultural influence. Yet, until now, the Comanche empire has gone unrecognized in American history.
... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#48 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:14:44 -0800
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:

That was the way at DEC, IBM, Bell Labs. All of those companies started to lose that in the cutbacks of the 90's to 2000s.

In the late 70s, 3270 terminals were viewed as expensive/scarce resource ... most places relegated to terminal rooms and budgeted as part of the fall plan ... even tho some of us done a business case showing the 3yr amortized cost of 3270 terminal was about the same monthly cost of business phone that was default on all desks.

There was a moment around 1980 where there was a rapidly spreading rumor that some of the top IBM executives were starting to communicate via email. At that point there was a rush by middle management to pre-empt the annual 3270 terminal allocation, redirecting them to their desks ... making it appear like they too were computer literate.

After IBM/PCs and 3270 terminal emulation, the biggest and largest IBM/PCs became status symbols for middle management ... even if it met intercepting allocation needed for development projects. They typically were turn on in the morning with the VM370 logo burning into the face of the screen ... or in some cases, logged on and the PROFS menu burning itself into the screen (while administrative assistants actually handle things like email ... frequently even printing paper hard copy so the middle manager could read them).

recent posts mentioning PROFS:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#10 IBM 1970s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#78 The ICL 2900

some past posts mentioning rapidly spreading rumor that top executives communicated by email and middle management started pre-empting 3270 terminal allocation as status symbols:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#23 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#7 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#41 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#34 IBM Poughkeepsie?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#43 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#49 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#51 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#88 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#13 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#37 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#40 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#58 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:41:49 -0800
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:

That was the way at DEC, IBM, Bell Labs. All of those companies started to lose that in the cutbacks of the 90's to 2000s.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#80 The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until some time mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was informed of online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

a periodically virulent one was a trip report that i distributed about visiting Jim Gray a few months after he went to tandem ... from IBMJARGON:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

some number of task forces were kicked off afterwards ... and also conflated with a memo that Jim wrote on leaving IBM, also from IBMJARGON:

MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.
... snip ...

and as referenced, it was a trip report that I distributed that kicked things off ... not Jim's earlier goodby memo ... a version here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17 Jim Gray Is Missing
slightly different version here
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gray/papers/MIPEnvy.pdf

In any case, one of the task forces kicked off was to visit and report on other research institutions (including bell labs) ... different pieces/references in these past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56 AT&T Labs vs. Google Labs - R&D History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#11 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)

include surveys of computer resources, CMU, Stanford, LBL, MIT, Bell Labs, etc

other recent reference to Jim palming stuff on me when he left for tandem:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#75 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 12:10:44 -0800
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:

(Youtube just made me bite my tongue. Damn BSDNow podcast just mentioned porting VMS from ia64 to amd64. They were kind of joking about it. Too bad some folks never had the exposure to the slick things that exist under VMS including real clusters.)

part of doing HA/CMP ... recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#75 The ICL 2900

was cluster commercial scaleup ... working with RDBMS vendors that had both vax cluster & unix support in the same sort base. To make things simpler, I did cluster distributed lock manager that supported the vax/cluster DLM API. However, the RDBMS vendors also had a list of dozen or so things in vax/cluster that could have been done better ... included fall-over recovery elapsed time. I used that knowledge as well as having worked on mainframe clusters (aka "loosely-coupled multiprocessing") back to the mid-70s and having been involved in the orginal relational/sql implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

other trivia: my wife (must have been in kindergarten) had been in the gburg JES group and POK executive con'ed her into coming to POK to be in charge of "loosely-coupled" architecture. While there she did peer-coupled shared-data architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

she didn't remain long, in part because of little real uptake (except for IMS hot-standby until SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX) and because the communication group was constantly trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.

past posts mentioning distributed lock manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#64 distributed locking patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#40 Disk drive behavior
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#66 KI-10 vs. IBM at Rutgers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#2 Block oriented I/O over IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#47 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#5 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#67 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#1 Blade architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#8 Avoiding JCL Space Abends
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#70 A few Z990 Gee-Wiz stats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#1 Hard disk architecture: are outer cylinders still faster than inner cylinders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#2 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#0 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#5 Tera
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#10 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#70 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#40 clusters vs shared-memory (was: Re: CAS and LL/SC (was Re: High Level Assembler for MVS & VM & VSE))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#55 Foreign key in Oracle Sql
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#26 Crash detection by OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#8 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#41 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#20 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#32 When Does Folklore Begin???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#62 Greatest Software, System R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#3 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#42 Keep VM 24X7 365 days
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#50 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#61 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#19 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#24 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#55 Capacity and Relational Database
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#49 VLIW pre-history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#33 Google And IBM Take Aim At Shortage Of Distributed Computing Skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#46 "Server" processors for numbercrunching?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#42 Newbie question about db normalization theory: redundant keys OK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#43 distributed lock manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#69 How does ATTACH pass address of ECB to child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#81 Random thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#70 Time to rewrite DBMS, says Ingres founder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#56 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#91 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#18 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#63 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#71 Curiousity: largest parallel sysplex around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#3 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#40 "Larrabee" GPU design question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#26 Natural keys vs Aritficial Keys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#36 Ingres claims massive database performance boost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#67 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#39 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#84 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#57 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#32 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#66 SYSENTER/SYSEXIT_vs._SYSCALL/SYSRET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#54 Unix systems and Serialization mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#82 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#8 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#28 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#53 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#86 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#87 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#19 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#73 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#40 How Larry Ellison Became The Fifth Richest Man In The World By Using IBM's Idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#142 IBM Continues To Crumble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
Date: 23 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook
Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2017/02/sleepwalking-into-nuclear-arms-race.html

From CSPAN, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia military in the 90s, 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-act

There were also quite a few joint projects between silicon valley and Russia in the 90s. One was involved chip verification, chips were getting so large and complex that it was no longer feasible to verify every possible combination/condition. Quite a few Russian mathematicians were hired to come up with feasible mechanisms for verifying design of increasingly complex chips. Space center engineers were also being hired for crypto and other technology work (I was told one russian engineer I met, had been responsible for space station project).

There is this theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the western capitalists intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

I was tangentially involved ... dragged into conversation about doing 5,000 branch banks in Russia @$1M ... and how to come up with the $5B ... helping spread (non-looting) democratic capitalism ... the whole thing implodes when the rest collapses.

The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

about hanford, log4296-98:

In 2000 Bechtel received the $4.3 billion deal for the cleanup, which the company estimated would cost $14 billion to complete. But eleven years later, with the job still uncompleted, Bechtel predicted that the final cost would be more than $120 billion.
... snip ...

about outsourcing of DOE labs, log4288-91:

A congressional commission, led by former undersecretary of the army Norman Augustine and retired admiral Richard Mies, concluded in 2014 that the privatization of the nuclear weapons laboratories had resulted in a "dysfunctional management and operations relationship," and "uneven collaboration with customers"--the "customers" being the DOE.
... snip ...

In 80s, under Reagan, both SECSTATE and SECDEF were Bechtel executives.

Bechtel and Los Alamos National Laboratory: The Privatization of the Nuclear Industry
https://lajicarita.wordpress.com/2012/03/30/bechtel-and-los-alamos-national-laboratory-the-privatization-of-the-nuclear-industry/
Nuclear Workers Deserve Better from Bechtel
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joanne-doroshow/nuclear-workers-deserve-b_b_6902776.html
The Department of Energy is the largest military and weapons racket in the U.S. Government.
https://pando.com/2016/04/06/profiteer/
It's a Bumpy Ride to Private Management for Los Alamos, Livermore
https://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/201006/losalamos.cfm
Investigative reporter details Bechtel's influence
http://www.santafenewmexican.com/pasatiempo/books/readings_signings/investigative-reporter-details-bechtel-s-influence/article_7520013c-32ad-5af8-b836-5ba9c8710b5d.html

Military Industrial Complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Perpetual War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

past posts reference rise of Putin:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#11 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order

past posts referencing Bechtel:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#70 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#6 The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#11 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#18 The Winds of Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#23 Nixon and the war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#82 Gov. Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#34 Good News and Bad News at Hanford, America's Most Polluted Site

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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