List of Archived Posts

2017 Newsgroup Postings (02/24 - )

Locking our own orientation
FCC puts the brakes on ISP privacy rules it just passed in October
ISPF (was Fujitsu Mainframe Vs IBM mainframe)
The ICL 2900
How do BIG WEBSITES work?
NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security
How do BIG WEBSITES work?
SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
MULTICS is ALIVE - booting MR12.6e 6180 emulation
SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
"Big Four" accounting firms take a hit
Rolander, Tom oral history (DRI, CPM, etc)
Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
System z: I/O Interoperability Evolution - From Bus & Tag to FICON
Hearing aids
FCC halts data security rules
Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
The FCC Seems Unlikely to Stop Internet Providers from Selling Your Data
Congratulations IBM for 'inventing' out-of-office email. You win Stupid Patent of the Month
How do BIG WEBSITES work?
How do BIG WEBSITES work?
Trump to sign cyber security order
Hamilton and "Fake News"
Multitasking, together with OS operations
Pentagon Blocks Littoral Combat Ship Overrun From a GAO Report
The ICL 2900
Multitasking, together with OS operations
The ICL 2900
Too-Big-To-Fail Not Punished
Hamilton and "Fake News"
CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
curious: why S/360 & decendants are "big endian"
Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
New phone scams
CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
The Blockchain Will Do to the Financial System What the Internet Did to Media
Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
New phone scams
WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Mainframes after Future System
F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
The ICL 2900
Multics Timeline
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
Wall Street Vs. Main Street
Trump to Seek Spinoff of U.S. Air-Traffic Control From FAA
The ICL 2900
The ICL 2900
[EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
[EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
The ICL 2900
Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
Movie Computers
Mind of War
Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Movie Computers
ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Movie Computers
Movie Computers
Being Lazy Is the Key to Success, According to the Best-Selling Author of 'Moneyball'
ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
A 40-year 'conspiracy' at the VA; The Department of Veterans Affairs built perhaps the most important medical computer system in history
An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
Great mainframe history(?)
GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe

Locking our own orientation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Locking our own orientation
Date: 24 Feb 2017
Blog: Slightly East of New

Locking our own orientation
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2017/02/23/locking-our-own-orientation/

Boyd would advocate observing from all possible facets as
countermeasure to orientation bias.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

I did cyber dynamic adaptive resource management as undergraduate in
the 60s. Part of that was instrumenting/measuring every possible
resource and a philosophy of "scheduling to the bottleneck". The state
of the art at the time (and for decades afterwards) was decide ahead
of time what the bottleneck resource was ... and at best, measuring
the single resource and making decisions based on those (limited)
measurements. Later I would make claims that the relative system
throughput of certain computer resources had decline by order of
magnitude over a little more than a decade. The real issue was certain
computer resources had gotten 50 times faster in the period, while
other resources only got three times faster (which radically shifted
the scheduling to the bottleneck) .... while most others hardly even
noticed it was happening.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

I've frequently claimed because of my approach to cyber as
undergraduate in the 60s ... I was extremely predisposed to feel
strong affinity to Boyd when I met him in the 80s (and sponsored his
briefings at IBM).

Boyd would draw a circle for the domain and viewing from every
possible facet from outside the circle. There used to be talk about
some oldtime executives regarding management by wandering about, they
use to wander around the manufacturing floor 2nd shift talking to
people as well as spend a lot of time talking to customers. This was
before MBAs and management by myopic focus on numbers. There was a
period where an accountant was running a manufacturing division (into
the ground) and they brought back one of the old time executives who
identified various manufacturing process problems by wandering around.

Early 80s, Boyd would include in briefings that former military
officers were starting to contiminate US corporate culture with their
rigid, top-down command and control. However, at the time time
articles were starting to appear that MBAs were starting to destroy US
corporations with their myopic focus on quarterly numbers.

Rhetoric on floor of congress, was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jailtime.
After SOX goes into effect there is large EU conference of CEOs and
exchange presidents about SOX audits was leaking into Europe for
companies that did business with Europe. I gave a talk on audits
needing independent verification, I could still defeat SOX audit by
making sure that all the computer generated reports were
consistant. As an aside, SOX required SEC to do something. Possibly
even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything and was doing GAO
reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing
increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). There
was joke at the time that SOX was primarily a full employment gift to
the audit industry (after one going out of business in the wake of
ENRON). Also the only possibly benefit of SOX was provision for
whistleblowers ... TIPs turn up 13 times more fraud than audits.

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

Incestuous Amplification somewhat overlaps issue of studying something
from the inside or outside, but analogy can be inbreeding with
recessive (bad) mutations ... need a larger gene pool.  Issue is how
large does the gene pool have to be w/o necessarily raising the
internal/external issues ... where "ideas" (and lots of viewpoints
from all possible facets) are used in place of "gene pool".

The other scenario is evolution specialized adapting to economic niche
... if "over" specialized, then can be disastrous when the environment
changes (an analogy might be the military always fighting the last
war).

This also gets into Kahneman "Thinking Fast and Slow" ... things that
are done quickly with little or no reflection and contemplation verses
activities require a lot more thought, some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#147 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#18 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#87 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions

other posts ref. kahneman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#53 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FCC puts the brakes on ISP privacy rules it just passed in October

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: FCC puts the brakes on ISP privacy rules it just passed in October
Date: 24 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook

FCC puts the brakes on ISP privacy rules it just passed in October
http://www.pcworld.com/article/3174191/internet/fcc-puts-the-brakes-on-isp-privacy-rules-it-just-passed-in-october.html

We were brought in to help wordsmith some Cal. state legislation. They
did electronic signature act, data breach notification act and were
working on "opt-in" personal information sharing act (required
explicit approval to share your personal information) when an (federal
pre-emption) "opt-out" sharing was added to GLBA (institutions could
share your information unless it had record of you objecting). At 2004
annual national privacy conference in Wash. DC. that had panel with
the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience asked them if they
were going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out". He said that he worked
for major call-center technology used by all the large financial
institutions. He claimed that they didn't supply call-center "opt-out"
operators with any mechanism for recording information (i.e. there
were never be a record of people objecting to sharing personal
information).

They had done detailed public privacy studies and #1 issue was
fraudulent financial transactions ... mostly as a result of breaches
... there was little or nothing being done about breaches. The issue
is normally institutions take security measures in self-protection,
however in the case of breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it
was the public. It was hoped that publicity from the breach
notification might motivate breach countermeasures.

electronic signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

data breach notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

past opt-in/opt-out posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#44 Does the Data Protection Act of 2005 Make Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#72 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#55 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#6 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#8 Hannaford case exposes holes in law, some say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#66 With all the highly publicised data breeches and losses, are we all wasting our time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#70 Why SSNs Are Not Appropriate for Authentication and when, where and why should you offer/use it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#71 TJ Maxx - why are they still in business?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#73 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#47 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#60 OCR scans of old documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#5 Internal fraud isn't new, but it's news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#17 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#94 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#95 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#73 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#74 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#75 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#82 Costs Of Data Breaches Much Higher In U.S. Than In Other Countries, Study Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#62 blasts from the past -- old predictions come true
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#63 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#83 The Evolution of the Extended Enterprise: Security Stategies for Forward Thinking Organizations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#7 Seeking *Specific* Implementation of Star Trek Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#18 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#56 About that "Mighty Fortress"...  What's it look like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#52 Who are these people who think cybersecurity experts are crying wolf?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#53 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 e-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#23 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#29 The Mobile Device Is Becoming Humankind's Primary Tool
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#9 Breaches and Consumer Backlash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#55 CISO's Guide to Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#68 Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#2 House panel approves data breach notification bill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#53 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#52 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#28 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#131 The Times E-Mails Millions by Mistake to Say Subscriptions Were Canceled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#35 Israel vows to hit back after credit cards hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#30 US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#35 US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#47 Yahoo Password Breach: 7 Lessons Learned - Security - Attacks/breaches - Informationweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#56 Failing Gracefully
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#14 Gilmore response to NSA mathematician's "make rules for NSA" appeal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#67 What Chase And Other Banks Won't Tell You About Selling Your Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#78 What Chase And Other Banks Won't Tell You About Selling Your Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#94 Privacy vs. freedom of the press--Google court ruling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#15 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#19 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#171 European data law: UK.gov TRASHES 'unambiguous consent' plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#55 HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#45 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#95 book "1984"--modern privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#70 Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#75 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ISPF (was Fujitsu Mainframe Vs IBM mainframe)

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ISPF (was Fujitsu Mainframe Vs IBM mainframe)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 25 Feb 2017 09:43:58 -0800

Jesse1.Robinson@SCE.COM (Jesse 1 Robinson) writes:

ISPF was far more than a product rename, though IBM gets snaps for
repurposing an acronym almost seamlessly. The major advance in ISPF
was the modern day 'dialog' and all the rich support we associate with
it. In the old SPF, it was unofficially possible for a clever person
to tailor an existing function to perform some user purpose. We had
some of those in my first shop in the late 70s. But the results were
clumsy and primitive at best. ISPF opened up a whole new career path
that encompassed application programmers on one side and sysprogs on
the other. Everyone had fully documented access to a brand new arsenal
of APARable programming tools. I read once that IBM was astonished at
the huge and complex 'data bases' that customers created around ISPF
tables. Far beyond the expectation of ISPF's creators.

Some IBM software organizations had trouble adapting to the 23Jun1969
unbundling announcement starting to charging for software (& other
stuff). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Pricing would do three forecats (high, medium, low) ... where number
customer forecasted times price would have to cover development and
support.

JES2 NJI couldn't come up with forecast that met requirement. Company
then adjusted that doing the financials for group would be satisfactory.
They made a combined announcement of JES2 NJI and VM370 RSCS of
$600/month that met the requirements (i.e. RSCS could have been
announced at $30/month and met the requirement whereas there was no
price for JES2 NJI that met the requirement).

Later they adjusted it so products just had to be in the same
group/organization. They combined ISPF and VM370 performance products in
the same product group. They cut the VM370 performance products to 2-3
people while the ISPF had *very* large group ... in effect, revenue from
VM370 performance products underwriting ISPF.

past posts mentioning ISPF:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#17 Where's all the VMers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#33 XEDIT on MVS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#52 Microsoft's innovations [was:the rtf format]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#0 VSPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#42 misc. dmksnt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#26 Moribund TSO/E
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#43 Sequence Numbbers in Location 73-80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#7 TSO replacement?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#8 TSO replacement?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#15 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#40 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#50 TSO and more was: PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#21 Source maintenance was Re: SEQUENCE NUMBERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#13 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#3 THE on USS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#4 ISPF Limitations (was: Need for small machines ... )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#5 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#14 ISPF not productive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#50 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#8 whiny question: Why won't z/OS support the HMC 3270 emulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#69 ServerPac Installs and dataset allocations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#40 Why isn't OMVS command integrated with ISPF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#43 handling the SPAM on this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#62 CHROME and WEB apps on Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#59 ISPF Counter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#60 ISPF Counter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#46 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#6 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#7 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#50 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#51 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#54 Unix systems and Serialization mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#84 Set numbers off permanently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#33 Why are TSO IDs limited to 7 characters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#85 REXX "address" environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#30 Philosophy: curiousity question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#32 CMS Sort Descending?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#19 When is performance really an issue? Was: Running an ISPF applicction from one pds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#20 When is performance really an issue? Was: Running an ISPF applicction from one pds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#42 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#21 The "IBM Displays" Memory Lane (Was: TSO SCREENSIZE)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#84 Is there an SPF setting to turn CAPS ON like keyboard key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#106 SPF in 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#53 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#63 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#53 Image if someone built a general-menu-system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#33 Using NOTE and POINT simulation macros on CMS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#64 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#36 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#27 Unbuffered glass TTYs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#89 Real Programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#103 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#25 another question about TSO edit command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#48 IBM 'major announcement' points to deal on chip manufacturing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Feb 2017 08:52:40 -0800

hancock4 writes:

from the National Observatory.  I don't know if computers ever
linked into that, or when the service was discontinued.  But WU
branch offices continued to show their synchronized clocks well
into the 1960s.

science center had "chronolog" device (I don't remember where it got its
source) ... attached to 360/67 multiplexor channel (x'0ff') that cp67
read time/date at startup ... defined as some sort of tape device. all
the virtual machines had a virtual x'0ff' that they could read.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

vmshare archives has discussion about NTP support for vm370
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

trivia: person at delaware was earlier at Univ of Michigan and worked on
MTS for 360/67, and worked on PDP8 as "data concentrator" as terminal
controller ... which was latere replaced with pdp11 in the middle 70s.
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

later responsible for NTP protocol

5905 PS
    Network Time Protocol Version 4: Protocol and Algorithms
    Specification, Burbank J., Kasch W., Martin J., Mills D., 2010/06/21
    (110pp) (.txt=241096) (Updated by 7822) (Obsoletes 1305, 4330) (See
    Also 5906) (Refs 768, 791, 793, 1305, 1321, 1345, 4330) (Ref'ed By
    5907, 5908, 5944, 5981, 6051, 6098, 6105, 6222, 6272, 6284, 6302,
    6374, 6407, 6450, 6622, 6726, 6733, 6754, 6765, 6776, 6787, 6797,
    6812, 6817, 6843, 6962, 6988, 7011, 7084, 7094, 7115, 7162, 7164,
    7182, 7212, 7231, 7234, 7244, 7272, 7273, 7293, 7325, 7384, 7574,
    7576, 7602, 7656, 7758, 7821, 7822, 7826, 7851, 8039)
1305 -
    Network Time Protocol (v3), Mills D., 1992/04/09 (120pp)
    (.pdf=442493, .tar=2682880, .txt=307085) (Obsoleted by 5905)
    (Obsoletes 1119) (Refs 778, 781, 791, 792, 867, 868, 889, 891, 956,
    957, 958, 1059, 1119) (Ref'ed By 1361, 1533, 1589, 1704, 1708, 1769,
    1831, 1889, 2002, 2030, 2065, 2068, 2132, 2219, 2324, 2327, 2330,
    2535, 2616, 2679, 2681, 2695, 2730, 2783, 2848, 2870, 2896, 2908,
    2980, 3108, 3118, 3220, 3315, 3339, 3344, 3520, 3550, 3576, 3830,
    3881, 3926, 3977, 4082, 4149, 4192, 4193, 4285, 4330, 4442, 4551,
    4566, 4656, 4707, 4710, 4712, 4765, 4907, 5101, 5153, 5197, 5322,
    5415, 5481, 5503, 5563, 5580, 5651, 5715, 5776, 5905, 5906) (NTPV3)
1119 -
    Network Time Protocol version 2 specification and implementation,
    Mills D., 1989/09/01 (64pp) (.pdf=187940, .ps=518020, .txt=143)
    (Obsoleted by 1305) (Obsoletes 1059) (Ref'ed By 1165, 1190, 1305,
    1700, 2375, 2822)
1059 -
    Network Time Protocol version 1 specification and implementation,
    Mills D., 1988/07/01 (58pp) (.txt=137645) (Obsoleted by 1119)
    (Obsoletes 958) (Refs 768, 778, 781, 791, 792, 867, 868, 889, 891,
    956, 958) (Ref'ed By 1305)

958 -
    Network Time Protocol NTP, Mills D., 1985/09/01 (14pp) (.txt=30723)
    (Obsoleted by 1059) (See Also 956, 957) (Refs 768, 778, 781, 792,
    867, 868, 889, 891) (Ref'ed By 1057, 1059, 1305, 2924)
957
    Experiments in network clock synchronization, Mills D., 1985/09/01
    (27pp) (.txt=68952) (See Also 956, 958) (Refs 778, 781, 792, 867,
    868, 889, 891) (Ref'ed By 1305)
956
    Algorithms for synchronizing network clocks, Mills D., 1985/09/01
    (26pp) (.txt=67387) (See Also 957, 958) (Refs 778, 781, 792, 867,
    868, 889, 891) (Ref'ed By 1059, 1305)

......

I've mentioned before about involved in something similar at univ starting
with interdata/3 ... which was later upgraded to interdata/4 (for
mainframe channel interface) and cluster of interdata/3s handling
line/port scanner interfaces. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How do BIG WEBSITES work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How do BIG WEBSITES work?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 26 Feb 2017 09:51:29 -0800

try optimistic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimistic_concurrency_control

original relational/sql
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security
Date: 26 Feb 2017
Blog: Facebook

NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National
Security
http://time.com/4680969/nsa-deputy-director-ledgett/

enormous outsourcing last decade, 70% of budget and over half the
people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and rapidly spreading Success of Failure culture, multiple failures
more profit
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
whistleblower
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/government-elections-politics/united-states-of-secrets/the-frontline-interview-thomas-drake/

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

last decade, a lot of it is private-equity buying up beltway bandits
(which couldn't lobby congress, but private-equity could lobby on
their behalf), trivia CEO from the 90s, leaves to headup
private-equity that buys beltway bandit that will employ Snowden.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

we were tangentially involved, but didn't know it at the time, 2002
unclassified BAA that basically said they didn't have tools to do what
was needed; just before it closes, we got a call asking if we would
submit response ... we get a response in and have a few meetings
demonstrating we could do what was needed ... and then absolutely
nothing. Much later we conjecture that executives didn't believe
anybody would respond and it would shut down the complaints (we
wondered if person that called us lost their job).

past posts mentioning ic-arda/iarpa baa:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#35 Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How do BIG WEBSITES work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How do BIG WEBSITES work?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:38:09 -0800

bit-naughty writes:

I'm wondering what the economics of it all are - WHY buy x86_64
servers in quantity - why not just buy a mainframe or a supercomputer
or something? Wouldn't that work out cheaper?

most supercomputers are clusters of commodity chips ... big overlap
between the cloud megadatacenters and the big supercomputers. The
supercomupter/GRID move to large numbers commodity chips started in
first half 90s ... big cloud (WEB) megadatacenters using similar
components goes on over the following decade.

e5-2600v1 blade rated at 400-530 BIPS processing (depending on chip &
clock rate) ibm had base list price for e5-2600 blade (before selling
off business) of $1800. big cloud megadatacenters claim they assemble
their own blades for 1/3rd the cost of brand name blades, or little over
$1/BIPS (possible motivation for IBM selling off its server business).

same era IBM mainframe Z196, max configured rated at 50BIPS and goes for
$30M (or about $600000/BIPS). IBM's has been making something like
5times annual revenue off mainframe services and software than it makes
off its mainframe hardware sale (possibly doubling or tripling cost per
BIPS ... $1M-$2M/BIPS.

also Z196 published peak I/O benchmark at 2M IOPS using 104 FICONs
(heavy weight protocol running over 104 fibre-channel). at the same time
there was a (single) fibre-channel announced for e5-2600 blade claiming
over million IOPS (two such fibre-channel outperforms 104 FICONs
... running over 104 fibre-channel). FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

since Z196, there has been max. configured EC12 rated at 75BIPS and
max. configured Z13 rated at 100BIPS ... but they haven't been any
published peak I/O benchmarks since Z196 (max configured EC12 and z13
still around $30M, slowly increasing processing power).

Single "dense" blade rack may have more aggregate processing power than
all mainframes in the world today. Cloud megadatacenters have hundreds
of thousands of systems and millions of processors ... say 2500TIPS
(2,500,000BIPS). Equivalent z13 mainframe hardware (@$300000/BIPS) would
be something like $1T-$2T ... not counting software & services.

The other issue is that cost of commodity blade system costs have
dropped so dramatically that power&cooling has increasingly become major
cost. The enormous drop in system costs has also helped with on-demand
computing, having large number of idle systems that can be available for
"on-demand". The big cloud megadatacenters (increasingly major part of
server chip market) has put heavy pressure on chip designers ... to have
power/cooling use to drop to zero while idle ... but can up brought up
instantaneously as required. Big cloud megadatacenters are increasingly
using watts/BIPS as system cost criteria and have been piloting
processing chips for use in battery power devices (doesn't have the peak
processing power, but substantially better watts/BIPS).

Scientists have been able to use credit card with cloud megadatacenters,
to spin-up on-demand supercomputers for a couple hrs ... that have
ranked in the top fifty in the world (in processing power).

past posts mentioning e5-2600 blades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#64 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#3 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#4 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#94 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#99 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#105 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#4 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#7 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#4 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#35 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#52 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#62 What are your experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#88 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#1 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#34 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#46 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#95 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#96 The older Hardware school
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#20 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#27 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#28 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#30 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#51 Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#56 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#81 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#87 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#88 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#100 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#3 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#4 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#5 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#13 Intel Confirms Decline of Server Giants HP, Dell, and IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#31 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#43 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#9 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#14 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#44 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#48 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#50 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#69 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#70 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#72 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#11 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#21 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#25 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#38 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#40 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#46 Random thoughts: Low power, High performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#5 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#12 HCF [was Re: AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series "Halt &Catch Fire"]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#25 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#26 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#58 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#10 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#16 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#17 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#5 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#6 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#7 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#8 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#10 FW: mainframe "selling" points -- Start up Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#15 A Private life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#59 Why Intel can't retire X86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#60 Why Intel can't retire X86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#63 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#68 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#88 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#5 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#16 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#38 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#72 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#2 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#4 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#5 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#14 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#50 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#93 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#3 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#5 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#79 Why does IBM keep saying things like this:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#80 Minicomputer Pricing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#47 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#59 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#60 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#86 IBM unveils new "mainframe for the rest of us"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#53 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#31 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#50 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#51 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#53 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#54 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#33 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#78 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#94 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#38 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#54 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#69 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#71 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#73 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#96 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#71 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#51 Beyond the EC12
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#65 non-IBM: SONY new tape storage - 185 Terabytes on a tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#67 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#92 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#2 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#12 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#72 ancient terminals, was The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#78 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#97 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#99 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#0 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#16 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#17 1950:  Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#74 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#24 Unisys CEO ousted, shares slip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#88 Death of spinning disk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#125 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#29 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#93 HONE Shutdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#39 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#14 Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#114 Between CISC and RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#15 Dilbert ... oh, you must work for IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#19 Fibre Chanel Vs FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#27 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#74 Fibre Channel is still alive and kicking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#103 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#28 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#60 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer  Programming?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#24 What was a 3314?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#81 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#42 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#25 Samsung's million-IOPS, 6.4TB, 64Gb/s SSD is ... well, quite something
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#28 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#95 Retrieving data from old hard drives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#19 follow up to dense code definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 16:16:39 -0800

Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:

The IBM 5100 was released 1975? could interpret a 360 instruction set
and cost ~$8500 failed and that pretty much stopped that approach.

There were several tries at this, IM6100 for PDP8 ISA for example all
failed to do the obvious, take advantage of an established body of software.

For a while I had a PDP-11 and a handful of apple]['s and some early PC
all running UCSD pascal. That actually was a reasonable development
approach.

IBM 5100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

all low-end and mid-range 360s & 370s emulated the 360 instruction set
with various native CISC processor ... vertical microcode ... avg about
ten native instruction for every 360 instruction. I got roped into doing
a project to move the most highest used 6kbytes of 370 kernel code into
native microcode for 138 & 148 (followon to 135 & 145) with about 10:1
speedup. Old post with results of kernel pathlength studied ordered by
use ...  6kbyte cutoff was 79.55% kernel processing time (reduced to 8%
native)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

some of the people at Palo Alto Science Center responsible for 5100
helped with the 138/148 microcode effort

High end 360s & 370s were horizontal microcode machines.

801/risc from mid-70s ... circa 1980 there was effort to switch the
large number of different internal CISC processors to 801/risc,
controllers, low&mid-range 370s (aka 4361 & 4381 followon to 4331&4341),
followon to s/38, etc (a single family of 801/risc rather than never
ending number of one-off CISC processors).  For various reasons, the
efforts failed, and saw some number of engineers leaving for risc
efforts at other vendors.

801/risc ROMP chip was suppose to be used for the followon the
Displaywriter ... when that was canceled they decided to use it for the
unix workstation market. They got the company that had done the AT&T
unix port to IBM/PC for PC/IX, to do one for ROMP ...  resulting in
PC/RT and AIX. Later the academic unit did a port of USB BSD to ROMP for
"AOS". posts mentioning 801/risc, ROMP, RIOS, Fort Knox, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

They then did 68k-based 370 which had a card/cable for PC/XT as XT/370,
Oct1983 (ran about 100kips)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC-based_IBM-compatible_mainframes#Personal_Computer_XT.2F370
and then made available as PC/AT as AT/370.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC-based_IBM-compatible_mainframes#Personal_Computer_AT.2F370

some of the pc/370 issues were 1) bloated mainframe software that page
thrashed in the original 384kbyte storage (I was blamed for delaying
release when I showed how bad page thrashing was in 384kbyte) ... so
they upgraded to 512kbytes before release (reducing some of the page
thrashing) 2) mainframe intensive page thrashing I/O and file system i/o
that were being simulated on 100ms access XT disk.

Then a group in POK did A74 ... old email with A74 details (about
350kips processor, 3.5 times pc/370)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#email880622
old post with part of the (infoworld) 7nov1988 article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#4

I was asked to do part of both the pc/370 and the A74 software,
old post with A74 kernel software updates I redid for A74
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35

big advantage of A74 (compared to PC/370) was 16mbyte real memory
(instead of 512kbytes) and much faster PC disk.

then S/390 processor card
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC-based_IBM-compatible_mainframes#S.2F390_Processor_Card

there was then vendor software developed that ran on intel and sparc
architectures that had lot of simularities to the microcode implementing
low&mid-range 360s & 370s:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC-based_IBM-compatible_mainframes#z.2FArchitecture_and_today
Hercules
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hercules_(emulator)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MULTICS is ALIVE - booting MR12.6e 6180 emulation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: MULTICS is ALIVE - booting MR12.6e 6180 emulation
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 16:30:13 -0800

MULTICS is ALIVE - booting MR12.6e 6180 emulation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jni7wk7bjxA

from seattle living computer musueum, recently posted on facebook:

Charles Anthony modified the DPS-8/m emulator code to support the
6180. The panel was put on eBay several years ago and I purchased it. My
understanding is that it came from the University of Oakland. I believe
all panels of that system were saved and nothing else. The interface
between the emulator, which is running under Linux on Intel i7, is
serial to a BASYS3 Xilinx that in turn drives two logic boards attached
to the panel's wiring harness. All lamps and switches are available to
emulator and that includes the scrolls as well. Just about all displays
can be achieved at this time (though maybe more later?). The emulator is
booted via switches on the front panel set to 024000717200 followed by
the initialize button.

The system boots up to idle in just under 2 minutes, which, from what I
understand, is blazingly fast. We are reorganizing our 2nd floor exhibit
and hope to develop this into an interesting display with an interactive
terminal, as well as remote access, at some point in the next few
months.We are also *very interested* in hosting Multicians to celebrate
Multics sometime this year.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 16:34:17 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

some of the people at Palo Alto Science Center responsible for 5100
helped with the 138/148 microcode effort

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture

Palo Alto Science Center people were also responsible for the 370/145
APL microcode assist .... with the "assist", some amount of APL ran as
fast on 145 as it did on 370/168 (also about ten times speeed up).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 09:24:32 -0800

spacewar writes:

In the heydey of PMOS, I don't think even a very small implementation
of a System/360 processor would have fit on a single chip, but it
could have been done with a small number of chips.  While ROM and RAM
are by nature quite regular and thus can be implemented quite densely,
I don't think there were many PMOS chips with more than about 8000
non-memory transistors.  Even in NMOS it would have been fairly hard
to do as a single chip much earlier than 1980.

I've heard it claimed that Signetics designed a System/360 compatible
microprocessor, though not in PMOS, but management was too afraid of
IBM to bring it to market.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#7 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#9 SC/MP (1977 microprocessor) architecture

I help write the white paper that blocked using 801/risc (Illiad chip)
for 4361 & 4381 ... part was cisc chips had advanced to point where much
of 370 could be directly implemented (as opposed to traditional
emulation in microcode).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Boeblingen (IBM) in the mid-80s did 3chip set ("roman") that did 370 at
168-3 performance. Some non-IBM in Germany came into possession of copy
of detailed description ... somebody from Amdahl had learned of it
... took possession of the document and immediately sent it to me (since
it was illegal for them to have it).

SLAC&CERN did bitslice 370 subset ... problem state sufficient to run
fortran programs ... coupled to sensors all along line for intial data
reduction; first "168E" (i.e. 168 performance) and later "3081E" (3081
performance).

trivia: during 70s & 80s some amount of ibm mainframe technical people
(ibm, amdahl, signetics, tymshare, other customers, etc) use to have
monthly technical meetings at SLAC. later it was taken over to have IBM
marketing presentations (no longer held at SLAC).

I mentioned that when Iliad 801/risc strategy imploded ... some 801/risc
engineers left to go work on risc at other vendors. IBM may have sued
AMD for hiring one of the engineers for work on 29K.

Signetics had sister company 2pi ... which did small ibm compatible
mainframe ... original sold as NCSS 3200. NCSS was spun-off of cambridge
scientific center offering online (virtual machine based) CP67/CMS
commercial services ... 1978 NCSS 3200 reference here
https://www.amazon.com/National-Computer-System-Overwork-Print/dp/B007RC11RU

tymshare (with their virtual machine based online commercial service)
got into some competition with NCSS (using vm370/cms, followon to
cp67/cms), including 4th generation programming language
http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Oral_History/Clemens_Jack/Cohen_Gerald/Cohen_Gerald_1.oral_history.1986.102658228.pdf

past posts mentioning signetics &/or 2pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#4 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#9 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#76 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#52 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#25 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#56 Are prefix opcodes better than variable length?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#46 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#72 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#62 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#74 Ancient computers in use today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Big Four" accounting firms take a hit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "Big Four" accounting firms take a hit
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 10:03:50 -0800

hancock4 writes:

Back in college our professors urged us to seek employment in one
of the "Big Eight" accounting firms.  Those firms were seen as gods,
the elite.

Mergers reduced it to the Big Four.  (They were huge before, no
need to merge).  Arthur Andersen imploded with Enron.  Now Price
Waterhouse Coopers screwed up the Oscars.  Admittedly, a relatively
minor error in the grand scheme of things, but still...

Rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs
and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime (however, it
required SEC to do something). Joke was that it really was full
employment gift to audit industry (audit industry pored enormous funds
into congress for the gift). The other comment at the time, was that
possibly the only effective part of SOX was part supporting
whistleblowers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblowers

Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it
started do reports of public company fraudulent filings, even showing
increases after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

In the congressional Madoff hearings, they had testimony from the person
that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something
about Madoff. He was asked if new regulations were needed, he replied
while new regulations might be needed, much more important was
transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC didn't appear to be
doing anything about regulations). He also mentioned that
whistleblowers/tips turn up 13 times more fraud than audits .... and SEC
didn't have a "tip" hotline, but had 1-800 number for companies to
complain about audits.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rolander, Tom oral history (DRI, CPM, etc)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rolander, Tom oral history (DRI, CPM, etc)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 10:12:21 -0800

recently from facebook:

Rolander, Tom oral history
http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102717254

Thomas A. Rolander is an entrepreneur, engineer, and pioneering
developer of operating systems and software applications for personal
computers. While working at Digital Research Inc. (DRI) with Gary
Kildall, the "father" of CP/M, in 1979 he created the multitasking
multiuser operating system MP/M for microcomputers that laid the
groundwork for later Digital Research operating system families such as
Concurrent CP/M, Concurrent DOS and Multiuser DOS. He received a Diamond
Award for Entrepreneurial Excellence from the University of Washington
(UW) in 2013.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Mar 2017 09:53:31 -0800

Jesse1.Robinson@SCE.COM (Jesse 1 Robinson) writes:

Our data center folks insist on dual power feeds for everything,
sometimes infuriatingly so. To test power redundancy, they
occasionally drop one power feed or the other--with ample heads
up--and check that all devices are functioning. Other than call-home
events, we have not had any surprises so far.

when we were doing IBM's ha/cmp product ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

we went around to various customers talking about failure modes.  One
customer in Manhatten had carefully chosen a building that that telco
feeds from four different substations on four sides of the bldg, power
from different substations on opposite sides of the bldg, and water from
different water mains on opposite sides of the bldg. The datacenter was
shutdown when transformer in the basement exploded and the bldg had to
be evacuate because of contamination. There were a number of other
customers with similar stories.

It was while out talking to customers that I coined disaster
survivability (to differentiate from disaster recovery) and geographic
survivabilty. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#availability

I was then asked to write a section for the corporate continuous
availability strategy document. The section got pulled when both
Rochester (as/400) and POK (es/9000) complained that they weren't able
to meet the requirements.

trivia: mainframe DB2 group were also complaining if I was allowed to
proceed with (commercial) HA/CMP cluster scaleup, it would be at least
5yrs ahead of them. old post about Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's
conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Mar 2017 17:28:42 -0800

charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:

It is hard to prepare for unknown unknowns. It is legendary that people have
had recovery failures because the fallover switch (channel, power, network,
whatever) failed.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#13 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

unks unks are frequently not having done detailed end-to-end evaluations
of all possible scenarios.

we started out claiming no-single-point-of-failure ... but it required
doing end-to-end walk through looking for all sort of critical
components (I was also asked to review IBM RAID designs and sometimes
would uncover single-point-of-failure in the least anticipated places).
This included replicated fallover switches and process over precedence
of failover (as part of handling some race conditions).

Also needed a inverse "RESERVE" ... there is a failure case where a
processor gets suspended just before a write operation, which then
kicks-off recovery processes. The processor that is assumed to have
failed has to be "fenced off" from proceeding with a write operation
when it wakes up (aka RESERVE allows only one processor to write and
prevents all other, inverse "RESERVE" blocks one or more identified
processors from writing; there also has to be tie-breaker process for
race conditions).

"real" no-signel-point-of-failures contributed to having to specify
geographically separated operation.

we also started defining what was needed to handle multiple points of
failure ... and looking at 5-nines availability configurations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

As undergraduate at the univ ... I was first hired as fulltime person to
be responsible for IBM production mainframe systems. Then before
graduation, I was hired fulltime by Boeing to help with creation of
Boeing Computer Serivces (consolidate all dataprocessing in an
independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including
offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thot Renton datacenter was
possibly largest in the world with something like $300M (late 60s
dollars) in ibm mainframes (360/65s were arriving faster than they could
be installed). 747#3 was flying skies of seattle getting FAA
flt. certification. There was also decision to replicate Renton up at
the new 747 plant in Everett ... there was disaster scenario where
Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mudslide takes out the Renton
datacenter).

I finally join IBM (science center) after graduation ... some past
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

One of the things that was exposed in the 70s with respect to IBM dasd
... was IBM mainframe channel/dasd had (for some time, up through 80s) a
undetectable power interruption failure mode in the middle of write
operation ... control/dasd had sufficient power to complete write
correctly, but there wasn't sufficient power to transfer data from
processor memory ... so the record write was completed with all zeros
with valid error correcting codes. In CMS case, MFD is somewhat
equivalent of OS VTOC, change was made to have pairs of alternating MFD
records, with sequence appended. A power-interrupted MFD write would
zero all or part of appended sequence ... so it wouldn't appear most
current during recovery (and the other MFD would be used). Towards the
mid-80s there was controller work to try and handle the case (for
operating systems that didn't know how). Later hardware solution was
that all the data had to be available for the write to start.

later they let me play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

they had bunch of mainframes for dasd engineering testing that were
scheduled stand-alone 7x24 around the clock. They had once tried to do
testing under MVS ... but in that environment, MVS had 15min MTBF,
requiring manual re-ipl. I offerred to redo input/output supervisor that
was bullet proof and never fail ... greatly improving productivity,
allowing anytime, on-demand concurrent testing. When I wrote up the
wrote in an internal report, I may have made a mistake mentioning the
MVS 15min MTBF ... because I was later told that the MVS RAS group
did their best to have me separated from the company.

A couple years later ... field engineering had 3880 controller error
regression test with 57 "injected" errors (that they considered typical
and likely to occur). MVS was failing in all 57 cases (requiring manual
re-ipl) ... and in 2/3rds of the cases, no indiciation of what was
responsible for the failure ... previously posted old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

trivia: I had worked with Jim Gray at IBM SJR ... before he left for
Tandem. At Tandem he does a detailed analysis of failure modes, finding
that hardware was in the process of becoming significantly more reliable
... and failures were starting to shift to human error, software bugs,
and environmental (power, acts of nature, etc) ...  copy of summary from
that study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
Date: 01 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.news.com.au/technology/innovation/inventions/chinas-claim-it-has-quantum-radar-may-leave-17-billion-f35-naked/news-story/207ac01ff3107d21a9f36e54b6f0fbab

F22 has two engines

F35 has only one engine (although for F35 did split price separately for airframe and engine).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_Martin_F-35_Lightning_II

F35 was designed as cost reduced bomb truck assuming F22 was flying
cover to handle threats. F35 primarily focused on stealth from the
front downward angle (i.e. enemy ground radar that was bomb target).

Comparison analysis of F35 with other planes
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html
has analysis of F35 radar signature at different radar frequencies
involving different angles and portions of the frame (lots to say
about how cost reduced and compromised stealth compared to original
design)
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

NSA Details Chinese Cyber Theft of F-35, Military Secrets
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/nsa-details-chinese-cyber-theft-of-f-35-military-secrets/

Advisories have danced through our military networks for years,
acquiring all sorts of top-secret military information. There has been
joke that F-35 is such a bad design, it was purposefully done to get
advisories to waste huge amount of development on efforts that would
fail (otherwise US wouldn't have allowed all the secrets to be so
trivially acquired).

other old trivia: The base-year PAUC for the F-35 is $108.2 million;
the then-year PAUC is $133.0 million.
http://nation.time.com/2013/06/04/alphabet-soup-paucs-apucs-urfs-cost-variances-and-other-pricing-dodges/

Except for one small thing: those sums do not include the engine. The
Pentagon, in an unusual move, broke the program into two pieces -
airframe and engine - beginning in 2011. If you want a fighter with an
engine, add $21.8 million for the base-year PAUC and $26.2 million for
the then-year PAUC. That makes the actual Program Acquisition Unit
Cost for each F-35 (with an engine) $130.0 million in obsolete 2012
dollars or $159.2 million in actual appropriations, past, present and
future.

.. snip ...

past posts mentioning cyberdumb:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

System z: I/O Interoperability Evolution - From Bus & Tag to FICON

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: System z: I/O Interoperability Evolution - From Bus & Tag to FICON
Date: 02 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

System z: I/O Interoperability Evolution - From Bus & Tag to FICON
http://value-4it.com/wp/?p=343

Fibre Channel is still alive and kicking
http://www.networkworld.com/article/3039364/lan-wan/fibre-channel-is-still-alive-and-kicking.html

1980 STL (now SVL) was bursting at the seems and were moving 300
people from the IMS database group to offsite bldg with remote access
back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270 and found human
factors totally unacceptable to what they were use to. I then get
con'ed into doing channel-extender support so that they could place
local channel-attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg. The
vendor then tries to get IBM to release my support to market, however
there was group in POK (playing with some serial stuff) that got it
vetoed (because they were afraid that it would make it more difficult
to get their stuff released).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are
working with ... which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard
... including some stuff I had done in 1980 that significantly
compensates for the enormous channel protocol chatter overhead/latency
(can sustain nearly 1gbit/sec in each direction). Then a decade after
the POK group gets my stuff vetoed, they finally get their stuff
released in 1990 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete.

Then have to deal with some POK engineers getting involved with
fibre-channel defining a heavy-weight protocol that drastically
reduces the "native" I/O throughput ... which is eventually released
as FICON. The most recent published mainframe "peak I/O" benchmark is
z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104
fibre-channel). About the same time as the z196 benchmark, there was a
(single) fibre-channel announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over
million IOPS (two such fibre-channels have higher throughput than 104
FICON running over 104 fibre-channels). There has been zHPF/TCW
announced for FICON that is a little like the support I had done in
1980 (nearly 40yrs ago), but it claims only 30% improvement over
standard FICON (maybe only needing 70 fibre-channel to get 2M IOPS).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

trivia: originally, STL/SVL was going to be called Coyote Lab (after
IBM convention of naming after nearest Post Office). Before the new
lab opens, the San Francisco professional working ladies Coyote group
have demonstrations on the steps of Congress. IBM quickly changes the
name of the new lab (STL for nearest cross-street).

misc. past posts mentioning Coyote Lab
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#56 South San Jose (was Tysons Corner, Virginia)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#34 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#66 Mainframe Spreadsheets - 1980's History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#11 Home mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#12 Pre-relational, post-relational, 1968 CODASYL "Survey of Data Base Systems"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#6 a history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#21 Old Computers and Moisture don't mix - fairly  OT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#21 50th Anniversary of invention of disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#62 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#45 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#54 Maybe off topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#9 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#27 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#18 copyright protection/Doug Englebart

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hearing aids

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hearing aids
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Mar 2017 10:54:20 -0800

Unprecedented study of hearing aid outcomes in older adults released
today; Research published in American Journal of Audiology has
implications for millions of adults with hearing loss
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/asa-uso022817.php

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FCC halts data security rules

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: FCC halts data security rules
Date: 02 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

FCC halts data security rules; The rules require providers to take
'reasonable' measures to secure consumer data
http://www.computerworld.com/article/3175103/internet/fcc-halts-data-security-rules.html

We were brought in to help wordsmith some Cal. state legislation. They
did electronic signature act, data breach notification act and were
working on "opt-in" personal information sharing act (required
explicit approval to share your personal information) when an (federal
pre-emption) "opt-out" sharing was added to GLBA (institutions could
share your information unless it had record of you objecting).

They had done detailed public privacy studies and #1 issue was
fraudulent financial transactions ... mostly as a result of breaches
... there was little or nothing being done about breaches. The issue
is normally institutions take security measures in self-protection,
however in the case of breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it
was the public. It was hoped that publicity from the breach
notification might motivate breach countermeasures.

At 2004 annual national privacy conference in Wash. DC. that had panel
with the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience asked them if
they were going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out". He said that he
worked for major call-center technology used by all the large
financial institutions. He claimed that they didn't supply call-center
"opt-out" operators with any mechanism for recording information
(i.e. there were never be a record of people objecting to sharing
personal information).

posts mentioning electronic signature legislation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
posts mentioning data breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Mar 2017 12:09:50 -0800

lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:

trivia: I had worked with Jim Gray at IBM SJR ... before he left for
Tandem. At Tandem he does a detailed analysis of failure modes, finding
that hardware was in the process of becoming significantly more reliable
... and failures were starting to shift to human error, software bugs,
and environmental (power, acts of nature, etc) ...  copy of summary from
that study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#13 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#14 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

Amazon knocked AWS sites offline because of typo
http://www.zdnet.com/article/amazon-knocked-aws-sites-offline-because-of-typo/

"Unfortunately, one of the inputs to the command was entered incorrectly
and a larger set of servers was removed than intended."

...

my wife was in gburg JES group when she was con'ed into going to POK to
be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture. While there she did
peer-coupled shared data architecture which saw little uptake (except
for IMS hot-standby) until SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX. She didn't
remain long, in part because of little uptake and in part because of
constant battles with the communication group trying to force her into
using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

long after we had left IBM, we use to periodically drop in on the guy
responsible for running one of the largest financial transaction
networks. He attributed their 100% availability over extended period of
time to

• geographically separated, triple-replicated IMS hot-standby
• automated operator

... aka  human error.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

old reference to having done work on operator automation in the early
70s ...  originally for running automated unattended benchmarking
... that included automated system reboot with possibly reconfiguration
&/or different kernel, between each benchmark.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The FCC Seems Unlikely to Stop Internet Providers from Selling Your Data

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The FCC Seems Unlikely to Stop Internet Providers from Selling Your Data
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Mar 2017 12:53:09 -0800

The FCC Seems Unlikely to Stop Internet Providers from Selling Your Data
https://www.wired.com/2017/03/fcc-graciously-sets-internet-providers-free-sell-data/

We were brought in to help wordsmith some Cal. state legislation. They
did electronic signature act, data breach notification act and were
working on "opt-in" personal information sharing act (required explicit
approval to share your personal information) when an (federal
pre-emption) "opt-out" sharing was added to GLBA (institutions could
share your information unless it had record of you objecting).

At 2004 annual national privacy conference in Wash. DC. that had panel
with the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience asked them if they
were going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out". He said that he worked
for major call-center technology used by all the large financial
institutions. He claimed that they didn't supply call-center "opt-out"
operators with any mechanism for recording information (i.e. there would
never be a record of people objecting to sharing personal information).

They had also done detailed public privacy studies and #1 issue was
fraudulent financial transactions ... mostly as a result of breaches
... there was little or nothing being done about breaches. The issue is
normally institutions take security measures in self-protection, however
in the case of breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the
public. It was hoped that publicity from the breach notification might
motivate breach countermeasures.

FCC halts data security rules; The rules require providers to take
'reasonable' measures to secure consumer data
http://www.computerworld.com/article/3175103/internet/fcc-halts-data-security-rules.html

posts mentioning electronic signature legislation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
posts mentioning data breach notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

posts mentioning GLBA "opt-out" provision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#44 Does the Data Protection Act of 2005 Make Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#71 TJ Maxx - why are they still in business?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#47 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#17 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#73 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#74 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#75 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#82 Costs Of Data Breaches Much Higher In U.S. Than In Other Countries, Study Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#7 Seeking *Specific* Implementation of Star Trek Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#52 Who are these people who think cybersecurity experts are crying wolf?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 e-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#68 Why the US needs a data privacy law -- and why it might finally get one
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#53 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#35 Israel vows to hit back after credit cards hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#14 Gilmore response to NSA mathematician's "make rules for NSA" appeal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#15 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#171 European data law: UK.gov TRASHES 'unambiguous consent' plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#55 HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#95 book "1984"--modern privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#94 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Congratulations IBM for 'inventing' out-of-office email. You win Stupid Patent of the Month

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Congratulations IBM for 'inventing' out-of-office email. You win Stupid Patent of the Month
Date: 03 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Congratulations IBM for 'inventing' out-of-office email. You win
Stupid Patent of the Month
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/03/01/ibm_out_of_office_email/

Electronic Mail and Text Messaging in CTSS, 1965 - 1973
http://multicians.org/thvv/anhc-34-1-anec.html

some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr for Multics, others went
to the ibm science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, the
internal network, invented GML 1969 (decade later morphs into ISO
standard SGML, and after another decade morphs into HTML), lots of
online applications and performance work.

More History (doesn't mention CP67 and ARPANET out at Lincoln Labs)
http://multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html

trivia: I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal
network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is
that when the corporate executive committee were told about online
computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire
me. Lots of task forces were kicked-off in the wake ... one taskforce
brought in Hiltz&Turoff for extended discussion/analysis (authors
"Network Nation").

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnework.html#internalnet
online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnework.html#cmc

patent trivia: Sometime after we left IBM, we worked for a few weeks
on patent portfolio with a boutique patent firm ... on secure payment
transactions and had 50 draft patents and the patent firm estimated it
would be well over 100 before we were done. An executive looked at
cost of US & international filings (besides awards) and then directed
that all claims be repackaged as 9 patents (for which we each got
$6k/patent). Later the patent office came back and said it was tired
of these humongous patents where the filing fee didn't even cover the
cost of reading all the claims ... and directed that the claims be
repackaged in a minimum of 30 separate patents (of course we didn't
get any additional awards when they were repackaged).

AADS patent portfolio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

There was almost a glitch, I had given a presentation on secure
(internet) payment transactions to ISI & RFC/Internet staff a couple
months earlier ... but turns out that it met the requirement of not
being a "public/open" meeting (Postel sponsored the talk, he also used
to let me help him do STD1).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How do BIG WEBSITES work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How do BIG WEBSITES work?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 03 Mar 2017 16:39:18 -0800

antispam writes:

I wonder if there is any economic need for such low latency of
transactions?  Working in say 10s cykle exchange could publish result
at time t, accept orders up to t + 5, then work out new results but
publish them only at t + 10.  All orders placed from t to t+5 should
have equal rights.  That way clients should should have the same
information and almost the same time for decision.  Even 1s delay
should not give any party significant disadvantage (OK, would be
equvalent to having 20% slower decision making computer).

lots of HFT is obfuscation for other kinds activity ... even
predating HFT ... but making it harder to detect; front-running,
disappearing transactions, etc

https://www.questia.com/newspaper/1P2-36291080/2-stockbrokers-sound-alarm-about-dangers-of-high-frequency

They have proposed solutions that might seem simple to the uninitiated
but look radical to H.F.T. insiders. For instance, the two want to
require H.F.T. firms to honor the prices they offer for a stock for at
least 50 milliseconds -- less than a wink of an eye, but eons in
high-frequency time.

On May 6, 2010, shortly before 3 p.m., the stock market plummeted. In
just 15 minutes, the Dow tumbled 600 points -- bringing its loss for the
day to nearly 1,000. Then, just as fast, and just as inexplicably, it
sprang back nearly 600 points, like a bungee jumper.

... snip ...

they make offer to sell (or buy) for some price ... and then it
disappears, aka make an offer, immediately withdraw it ... and see how
many accepts that they get ... to gage current interest.  (before HFT,
large number of fabricated transactions could be accepted before they
were withdrawn ... then it would be claimed that the offer was mistake
and have to be backed out, some estimates accounted for 1/3rd of all
activity, but would be significantly higher now)

this is old article (before HFT really takes affect) ... that illegal
activity was wide-spread ... but didn't have to worry about SEC
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

The Rigged Market: A Review of Flash Boys
http://harvardpolitics.com/books-arts/rigged-market-review-flash-boys/

As an example, let's assume the California Public Employees' Retirement
System (CALPERS), a large pension fund, is interested in buying 100,000
shares of General Electric at $25.00 a share. The fund then instructs
its broker to make the purchase. The broker plugs the trade into the
computer, and a matching algorithm is used to purchase these shares at
the cheapest price it can find on the market. Once 15,000 shares are
purchased on the NYSE, the HFT firms identify the large trade that has
hit the first exchange and rush ahead to the other exchanges to purchase
shares and drive the price up before selling the shares a fraction of a
second later.

... snip ...

past HFT posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#21 Study links ultrafast trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#2 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#29 Destructive Destruction? An Ecological Study of High Frequency Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#41 Computer Simulations Reveal Benefits of Random Investment Strategies Over Traditional Ones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#75 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#67 The End Of 'Orderly And Fair Markets'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#58 Traders Said to Rig Currency Rates to Profit Off Clients
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#59 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#89 FBI Finds Holes in System Protecting Economic Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#10 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#12 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#16 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#93 High Frequency Terrorism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#15 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#40 The Wall Street Code: HFT Whisteblower Haim Bodek on Algorithmic Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#76 A Little More on the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#40 ELP weighs in on the software issue:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#56 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#65 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#93 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#18 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#60 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#3 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#1 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#64 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#64 Dark Pool Greed Drove Barclays to Lie to Clients, N.Y. Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#53 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#66 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#23 It A "Liquidity Mirage": New York Fed Finally Grasps How Broken The Market Is Due To HFTs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#68 Eric Hunsader Explains To CNBC That "Markets Are Always Rigged"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#95 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#65 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#18 Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#10 Nasdaq asks SEC for speed bump to protect retail traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How do BIG WEBSITES work?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How do BIG WEBSITES work?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 04 Mar 2017 12:04:07 -0800

Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:

And this is why there are such stringent demands on trading systems.
If one exchange lags even 3 milliseconds then this can be done; even
if it is "crossing the rates" and thus illegal, it is extremely hard
to prove.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#22 How do BIG WEBSITES work?

JPMorgan's Trading Desk Lost Money On Just Two Days In The Past 4 Years
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-03-01/jpmorgans-trading-desk-lost-money-just-two-days-past-4-years

Three years ago there was outrage among traders when HFT marketmaker
Virtu reported that it had managed to log just one day of trading losses
in over 4 years of trading. Many speculated that this was proof that
HFTs had managed to effectively rig the market in a way that prevents
any trading losses. It now appears that Virtu is not the only one with a
near-perfect trading record.

... snip ...

One sci-fiction scenario is that they might have time-machine that
allows them to see the future, or at least able to act on the future
ahead of others

related articles

Virtu Celebrates Another Year Without a Single Day of Losses
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-02-20/high-frequency-trader-virtu-extends-nearly-unblemished-streak
Everyone's Talking About The High-Frequency Trading Firm That Just Had 1
Day Of Trading Losses In 1,238 Days
http://www.businessinsider.com/virtu-hft-only-one-losing-day-2014-3
The Holy Grail Of Trading Has Been Found: HFT Firm Reveals 1 Losing
Trading Day In 1238 Days Of Trading
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-10/holy-grail-trading-has-been-found-hft-firm-reveals-1-losing-trading-day-1238-days-tr
Head Trader Of World's 4th Largest Hedge Fund Caught In HFT Frontrunning Scandal
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-07-31/head-trader-worlds-4th-largest-hedge-fund-caught-hft-frontrunning-scandal

Front-running Scalping Strategies and Market Manipulation. Why Does
High-Frequency Trading Need Stricter Regulation?
https://financialreview.poole.ncsu.edu/article/front-running-scalping-strategies-and-market-manipulation-why-does-high-frequency-trading-need-stricter-regulation/

Regulators continue to debate whether high-frequency trading (HFT) is
beneficial to market quality. Using Strongly Typed Genetic Programming
(STGP) trading algorithm, we develop several artificial stock markets
populated with HFT scalpers and strategic informed traders. We simulate
real-life trading in the millisecond timeframe by applying STGP to
real-time and historical data from Apple, Exxon Mobil, and Google. We
observe that HFT scalpers front-run the order flow, resulting in damage
to market quality and long-term investors. To mitigate these negative
implications, we propose batch auctions every 30 milliseconds of
trading.

... snip ...

another variation on large number offers that are canceled

Congratulations To Prominent Anti-HFT Crusader Eric Hunsader For Winning
$750,000 Whistleblower Award
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-03-01/congratulations-prominent-anti-hft-critic-eric-hunsader-winning-750000-whisteblower-
How HFT Quote Stuffing Caused The Market Crash Of May 6, And Threatens
To Destroy The Entire Market At Any Moment
http://www.zerohedge.com/article/how-hft-quote-stuffing-caused-market-crash-may-6-and-threatens-destroy-entire-market-any-mom

If you could generate a large number of quotes that your competitors
have to process, but you can ignore since you generated them, you gain
valuable processing time. This is an extremely disturbing development,
because as more HFT systems start doing this, it is only a matter of
time before quote-stuffing shuts down the entire market from congestion.

... snip ...

Presenting The Quote Stuffing Trading Strategy Of The NY Fed's Favorite
Hedge Fund: Citadel
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-08-15/presenting-quote-stuffing-trading-strategy-ny-feds-favorite-hedge-fund-citadel

The data shows the Citadel Quote Stuffing algo placing and canceling
orders at a steady rate of about 17 messages per millisecond, or half
that number if we are counting orders: so 8 to 9 orders per millisecond
(1 message to add the order, and 1 message to cancel it). Only one order
was active in Nasdaq's order book at any given time - it would place an
order, then cancel it, before placing a new one and repeating the
process.

... snip ...

trivia: rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jail time,
however it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it was doing reports of public
company fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase in
fraudulent financial filings after SOX goes into effect. Joke was that
SOX was actually full-employment gift to the audit industry (after the
damage they suffered in the wake of ENRON) and that possibly the only
productive part of SOX was provisions for tips/whistleblowers.

In the Madoff congressional hearings they had testimony from the
person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do
something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned
himself in). Congress asked the person if new regulations were
needed. He replied that while new regulations might be needed, much
more important was transparency and visibility (possibly because SEC
wasn't enforcing the existing regulations). He also pointed out that
whistleblowers turn up 13 times more fraud than audits (and that SEC
didn't have whistleblower hotline, but had hotline for corporations to
complain about audits).

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblowers
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to sign cyber security order

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Trump to sign cyber security order
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 Mar 2017 17:50:24 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

The runoff from huge increase in agriculture use of chemicals have
killed Chesapeake bay and other places.  Ten years ago, feds
appropriated a billion dollars to pay for fixing the runoff problem for
Chesapeake bay ... for some reason the billion dollars disappeared w/o
anything being done. Recently a couple more billion was appropriated to
pay agriculture to fix the runoff problem ... making no reference that
they had previously already been paid to do it and just pocketed the
money.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#22 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#25 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#33 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#38 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#39 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#42 Trump to sign cyber security order

original big funding is actually more than ten years ago now (I remember
reading articles middle of last decade). More recent articles refer to
huge chicken & hog factory runoffs into the Chesapeake ... however

Trump would cut Chesapeake Bay cleanup from $73M a year to $5M
http://www.dailypress.com/news/science/dp-nws-bay-budget-slashed-20170302-story.html

doesn't appear to have anything to do with the first billion apparently
disappearing with nothing to show for it.

other trivia: a couple posts about invited to meeting at national
archives the week it opened its new bldg in college park
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#24 1976 vs. 2016?

where they complained about "directed appropriation" ... redirected NA
budget (for preserving records) to building a huge marble ediface as a
gift/reward for maryland construction companies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Archives_and_Records_Administration#National_Archives_at_College_Park

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hamilton and "Fake News"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hamilton and "Fake News"
Date: 03 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

In both Jefferson and Burr biographies it appears that Hamilton was
master of "fake news". It is somewhat portrayed that Hamilton believed
himself to be an honorable man, but also that in political and other
conflicts, he believed that the ends justified the means. "The Life of
Aaron Burr" pg263/loc5119-24:

Yet even this defensive pose is a cover story. It was Hamilton who had
instigated gossip. It was Hamilton who had invented the decadent
Burr. It was Hamilton who had attacked him first (as did his
self-protective father-in-law, Philip Schuyler). Hamilton was not, as
he pretended, a solitary voice within a large chorus of those
denouncing Burr. The truth is that Hamilton began attacking Burr's
private character in 1792; and in 1800, he accused Burr of every crime
he could bring to mind. Hamilton's charges, all along the way, were
outrageous, hypocritical, even hysterical, and not, as he rationalized
at the end, occasional political criticisms enunciated with the utmost
"sincerity."

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Jefferson, Hamilton, &/or Burr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#45 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#0 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#54 CFTC Reproposes Position Limits Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#83 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#12 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#32 Star Trek (was Re: TV show Mannix observations)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Multitasking, together with OS operations

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Multitasking, together with OS operations
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 09:51:08 -0800

Stephen Fuld <SFuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:

While the other responses you got are correct to the question you
asked, I don't think you asked the question you wanted to ask.

The issue of file systems has essentially nothing to do with device
queuing, which is what you have been talking about.  You can have
device queuing any time more than one requester at a time for a single
device. This has nothing at all to do with the difference between hard
disks and USB sticks.

If you are asking something related to having less queuing if you have
the workload spread over multiple devices, then that is typically
true. But the multiple devices could be multiple hard disks.  And what
file system is used by whatever physical storage device you are
talking about, to a first approximation, is irrelevant.

system services (device support, memory management, start/stop, etc)
... including filesystems ... were to eliminate each application have to
write their own (roll-your-own) from scratch (my first student
programming job was design&write my own monitor, device support, error
recovery, interrupt handling, scheduling, task management, memory
management, etc).

later as computers got more powerful, multitasking was to improve
throughput and resource use. efficiency of system services then also
contributed to throughput.

in the 70s, I started pontificating that relative disk system throughput
was declining and by the early 80s, relative disk system throughput had
declined by an order of magnitude over a period of a little over ten
years. The disk division executives took exception and assigned the
divsion performance group to refute the claims ... they came back a few
weeks later and basically said that I had understated the problem
(i.e. processor throughput had increased by factor of 50, while disk
throughput only increased by 3-4 times) The analysis was then turned
into customer marketing about how to configure disks to help system
throughput.

there is old tale about the the decision to mvoe all IBM mainframes to
virtual memory system. The dominate mainframe system, OS/360 MVT could
typically only configure for four tasks on typical 1mbyte 370/165
... real memory reserved for each task had to be four times larger than
actually used because system services memory management was so bad. They
determined that moving OS/360 MVT to a virtual memory base ... they
could run four times as many concurrent tasks with little or no paging
(because they could use virtual memory mapping to compensate for the
poor storage management services).

trivia: when mainframe, virtual machine, virtual memory CP67 system was
first installed installed at the univ in Jan1968, it did purely FIFO,
single request I/O ordering. I rewrote the support to do ordered seek
queueing and careful rotational ordering. The fixed-head per track 2301
"drum" would do about 80 requiests/sec. "Batching" & rotational ordering
I would achieve nearly the theoritical media maxium of 270 requests/sec.
I also rewrote critical paths to significantly cut number of
instructions, completely different page replacement, and did dynamic
adaptive resource management scheduling (most of which the vendor
released to customers while I was still undergraduate at univ).

dynamic adaptive resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
page replacement algo posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
science center posts ... responsible for virtual machines, cp40, cp67,
internal network, GML, performance tools, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

more trivia: one of the guys I knew working on ATM (cash machine)
transaction system ... under certain kinds of load would delay request
processing by a few milliseconds ... that even though there wasn't any
other queued i/os at the moment, waiting a few milliseoncs, requests
might arrive, which could be ordered (as opposed to disk arm already
moving to essentially random location).

I currently pontificate that memory access latency, when measure in
number of processor cycles ... is compareable to 60s disk access latency
when measured in number of 60s processor cycles (i.e. memory is the new
disk) ... it is one of the justification for hyperthreading and
out-of-order execution (helping mask memory latency and improve
throughput).

Other trivia: in early 70s, I got sucked into helping the 370/195
hypertheacing project (which was never announced or shipped).  The issue
was that 195 suppored out-of-order execution, but didn't do branch
prediction ... so conditional branches drained the pipeline ... and most
codes ran half 195 processor throughput. Running two threads (each at
half 195 throughput) would have reasonable expectation of keeping 195
busy. It had come from the earlier ACS/360 "red/blue" bit ...  mentioned
in the discussion of the end of ACS (towards the bottom "Sidebar:
Multithreading"
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Around 1980, we started getting "1655" ... which were pure electronic
memory "disk" ... which could be run either native mode ... or "2305"
fixed-head per track disk emulation mode. The standard "2305" support
did rotational ordering batch service (but no requirement for seek
ordering ... since there was head/track). So there was little difference
between the 2305-emulation rotational ordering batch ... and pure batch
fifo ordering.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pentagon Blocks Littoral Combat Ship Overrun From a GAO Report

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pentagon Blocks Littoral Combat Ship Overrun From a GAO Report
Date: 07 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Pentagon Blocks Littoral Combat Ship Overrun From a GAO Report
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-03-06/pentagon-blocks-littoral-combat-ship-overrun-from-a-gao-report

Boyd told story that when SECDEF couldn't get Spinney (&/or Boyd) put
in Leavenworth (for the rest of their life) for (gone behind paywall,
but mostly lives free at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

the SECDEF supposedly created new classification "NO-SPIN"
(unclassified but not to be released).

Boyd related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 11:04:20 -0800

Alan Bowler <atbowler@thinkage.ca> writes:

On 2017-01-24 9:43 AM, jmfbahciv wrote:
>IBM sales people could be arrogant because they didn't believe they had
>:any competition.

Then again so could DEC.  In '72, the Math Faculty at Waterloo was looking
for a timesharing system to replace the APL service on a 360/40 that
was getting too old (and expensive), and to move good deal of work
from the IBM big systems at the main computing centre.  From the
beginning, most of the faculty favoured a PDP-10.  The DEC sales
team was so confident that they revised their bid price UP, and lost
to Honeywell (who dropped their price).

during early 70s "Future System" (completely different from 370 and was
to completely replace 370), internal politics was killing off 370
efforts. The lack of 370 products during the period is credited for
clone processor gaining market foothold. some FS ref
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
some FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

it is also claimed that w/o newer, competitive products, IBM
sales&marketing was just left with FUD (fear, uncertainty, doubt)
marketing ... and they had to really "hone" their FUD skills.

other "hone" trivia: 23jun1969 announce, IBM starts charging for
(application) software (did manage to make the case that kernel software
was still free), SE serivces, maintenance, etc. One of the issues was
that SE training including an apprentice type program as part of large
SE group onsite at customer. With unbundling, they couldn't figure out
how to not-charge for "apprentice" SEs. The solution was to provide
online virtual machine services at the branch for SEs to practice their
operating system skills ... i.e. HONE, hands-on network environment ...
basically a number of cp67 datacenters around the country providing
online access to branch offices. some posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Science center ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

had also ported apl\360 to cp67/cms for apl\cms ... and HONE started
also offering apl\cms-based sales&marketing support applications.
Eventually the sales&marketing applications came to dominate all HONE
use ... and the SE operating system experience dwindled away.

triva: one of my hobbies was providing&supporting enhanced operating
systems for internal datacenters ... and HONE was longtime customers.

past posts mentioning FUD marketing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#71 Fraudulent certificates issued for major websites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#72 Minicomputer Pricing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#23 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#98 Oracle Sent Out A Press Release Dissing IBM's Software Business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#99 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#95 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#63 Cloud Wars: Now Even the CIA Slams IBM's Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#53 IBM Sales & Marketing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Multitasking, together with OS operations

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Multitasking, together with OS operations
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 11:38:07 -0800

mac <acolvin@efunct.com> writes:

In the old days,when a system might have a lotof disks, we'd cut out the
center tracks and glue them from a string of disks into a new logical disk
with half the average seek distance.

Nowadays the relation between seek distance and latency isn't as
straightforward. It isn't even monotonic [needs citation].

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations

3350 was 317.5MB/arm
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3350.html

newer 3380 had 630MB/arm
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380.html

double capaicty, but avg. access only went from 25mills to 16mills.

If installation replaced 100 3350s with 50 3380s (based on capacity),
avg. system throughput would declined. Arguments with datacenter
managers that it was false economy fell on deaf ears. Some of us
technical people came up with a new model faster, reduced capacity
3380 that was priced more/unit ... that would appeal to datacenter
managers (paying more for higher performance). It was actually a
microcode load in the controller that reduced the number of accessable
tracks (something a datacenter manager could do on their own).

For 3350->3380 migration we had done monitor of 3350 activity and
first used the information to spread highest used data across
available 3380s *AND* to not allocate 3380 to more than 80% ... to
result in approx.  same throughput as 3350 configuration.

As undergraduate at the univ, I got hired fulltime to be responsible
for production systems. One of the things they say was moving from 709
IBSYS tape-to-tape to 360/65 2314 disks was student jobs went from
less than second to around a minute elapsed time. Adding "HASP" to
OS/360 cut elapsed time to around 30 seconds. I did custom system
build that carefully placed highest used files & program members
at the front of the disk and got student job times down to
12seconds. At the time, the highest used system directory data was
fixed place at the front of the disk. It wasn't until MVT release
15/16 that they offered option of specify the location of the system
directory ... allowing it to be placed at the middle of the disk, and
high used data arrayed from the middle out in both directions. It
wasn't the WATFOR monitor for OS/360 ... that supporting running
multiple student jobs per program invokation (program&step
processing in OS/360 was disk intensive operation) that student job
processing elapsed time dropped below that of 709.

In the late 70s at San Jose Research we came up with super efficient
mechanism for monitoring live disk use. This help with use for work on
doing dynamic reconfiguration for optimizing disk throughput.
However, one of the things it uncovered was that there was lots of
data ... collections of files ... that were used together on a
periodic basis ... high burst/spike use on daily, weekly, monthly
intervals. This required different placement strategies than the ones
used for continuous, high-use (radiating from central location).

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts mentioning efficient monitor/collection activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#35 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#3 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#18 How to analyze a volume's access by dataset
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#70 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#71 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#47 nested LRU schemes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#11 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 15:28:36 -0800

Alan Bowler <atbowler@thinkage.ca> writes:

Honeywell GCOS had SMP support (up to 4 processors) in the early 70's,
and by 73 has cluster support (Max 4 systems, each with 4 CPU's).
It may have had cluster support before then, but I'm only familiar
with the file system from 73 on.  File system changes a few years ago
took away cluster support in favour of more CPUs and processes on the
same system.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900

360/67 original design supported 4-way SMP in the 60s
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/A27-2719-0_360-67_funcChar.pdf
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

however, I think that all shipped to customers were only 2-way except
for one 3-way that was shipped for the USAF MOL project ... with
enhancements that configuration could be changed under software
control. Standard SMP had configuration box and all the switches could
be "sensed" from the control registers (the 3-way shipped for MOL, the
configuration could be changed by changing values in the control
registers).

As I've mentioned before, when charlie was at the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

working on multiprocessor fine-grain locking for CP67, he invented
compare and swap instruction. The initial effort to get it included in
370 architecture was rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating
system people said that test and set instruction (multiprocessor locking
from 360) was sufficient for multiprocessor support. They are talking
about 360/65MP MVT that had single kernel spin-lock ... so hardware
features had little effect.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360_Model_65

360/67 shared memory and every processor could address all channels.
360/65 was only 2-way and only shared memory. Dedicated channels for
each processor had to be configured with "multi-tail" control unit so
both processors could do i/o to the same controller/device.

370 architecture owners then said to get compare&swap included in 370
architecture, uses other than kernel locking were needed. Thus was born
the uses for multithreaded (like large DBMS) were invented .... examples
still appear in IBM mainframe principles of operation. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

In 2nd half of 70s some of us were working on 16-way 370 ... initially
everybody thot it was great ... and we even co-oped some of the 3033
processor engineers ... it was lot more interesting that remapping 168-3
logic to 20% faster chips. Then somebody told the head of POK that it
might be decades before the POK favorite son operating system people had
effective 16-way support. 3033smp 2-way 1978
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/3033/3033_CH01.html

1982 3081   2-way
1983 3084   4-way
1985 3090   6-way
1990 es9000 6-way
2000 z900   16-way
2003 z990   32-way
2006 z9     54-way
2008 z10    64-way
2010 z196   80-way
2012 ec12   101-way
2015 z13    140-way

Head of POK then invited some of us to never visit POK again ... and
told the 3033 processor engineers to stop being distracted (with more
insteresting projects). It then is almost 25yrs before 16-way ships
(2000).

one of the things done to MVS for the support of 3084 ... was
reorganization of storage management for cache line alignment and
multiples of cache line size ....  there started to be a lot of cache
trashing (in 2-way there was cache invalidation signals from one other
processor, in 4-way, would have cache invalidation signals from three
other processors). turns out there was huge number of kernel storage
working areas that would be process specific ... but shared cache line
with working storage for process running on another processor. The
claim was the kernel storage management cache-line restructure for
3084 got something between five and ten percent total throughput
improvement.

footnote: z196 claims 50BIP (625MIPS/processor) also says over half the
per processor speedup compared to z10 is introduction of out-of-order
and branch prediction features (that have been in other platforms for
decades); ec12 claims 75MIPS (743MIPS/processor); and z13 only claims
30% faster than EC12 (with 40% more processors, implying 100MIPS,
714MIPS/processor).

when my wife must have been in kindergarten, she was in the gburg JES
group and was con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of
loosely-coupled (mainframe for cluster) architecture. While there she
did peer-coupled architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

but didn't remain long because of little uptake (except for IMS
hotstandby) until SYSPPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX (long after she is
gone), and she was in constant battles with the communication group
trying to force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Parallel_Sysplex

Note starting with 3090, company started "hardware" subset version of
virtual machines ... PR/SM & LPAR ... basically partitioning real
machine into multiple (potentially loosely-coupled) subset machines.
That is the way nearly all mainframes run today .... even with multiple
real machines in loose-coupled (parallle sysplex) configuration, each of
the real machines may be further subdividate into multiple "logical
machines" (or LPARS, logical partitions).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logical_partition

last project we did at IBM was HA/CMP product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.hacmp

and was working on cluster scaleup for technical/scientific (with
national labs), filesystes, commercial (RDBMS with open RDBMS vendors),
etc. .... old post references meeting in Ellison's conference room
Jan1992 on RDBMS cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

I've mentioned doing global lock manager supporting VAX/Cluster
semantics to make porting easier for RDBMS vendors that had both
VAX/Cluster and Unix in their same RDBMS source base (got input from
RDBMS vendors about how VAX/Cluster could have done it better)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900

past posts mentioning GLM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#23 OS's with loadable filesystem support?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#38 Mainframe Applications and Records Keeping?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#43 "Larrabee" GPU design question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#52 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#77 OT: but hopefully interesting - Million core supercomputer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#22 What Makes code storage management so cool?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Too-Big-To-Fail Not Punished

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Too-Big-To-Fail Not Punished
Date: 07 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess;
some investment bankers had walked away clean from the S&L crises,
were then in doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype for
couple yrs, IPO for couple billion, company fails leaving field clear
for next round of IPOs), and were predicted next to get into
securitized mortgages. A decade later, Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize
the Pecora Hearings (congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in
criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal
links and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then
(comment that new congress might have appetite to do something). I
work on it for awhile and then get a call saying that it won't be
needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet money
totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

really long-winded old post from 1999 conference that compaq/tandem
sponsored for me (at tandem, before HP bought compaq) on infosec. post
was by one of the other attendees touches on the S&L crises,
adjustable rate mortgages, risk management, and some other issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

note that it mentions that at the time of the S&L crisis, Citi
would have been taken down by its adjustable rate mortgage portfolio,
sold it off, got out of the business and needed a privatet bailout to
stay in business. End of 2008, the four largest TBTF were
carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic securitized (adjustable rate)
mortgages ... and Citi was carrying the most of the four
(institutional knowledge about problems appeared to have evaporated
between 1990 and the start of the new century).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

supposedly TARP was originally appropriated to buy the offbook toxic
assets but that may have been pure facade ... with only $700B
appropriated and just the four largest TBTF carrying $5.2T, it
wouldn't dent the problem.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hamilton and "Fake News"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hamilton and "Fake News"
Date: 07 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#25 Hamilton and "Fake News"

Information Warfare isn't Russian - It's American as Apple Pie
http://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/3/8/information-warfare-isnt-russian-its-american-as-apple-pie

For instance, the hack of the US Office of Personnel Management
between 2014 and 2015 compromised the sensitive personal information
of 18 million previous and current federal employees and members of
the US military.

... snip ...

... note OPM was outsourced to one of the private-equity owned
subsidiaries
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
https://fcw.com/articles/2015/06/24/house-oversight-opm.aspx

there was huge uptic in outsourcing last decade, especially to
private-equity owned subsidiaries (70% of intelligence budget and over
half the people, including Snowden's employer)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

as well as the rapidly spreading Success of Failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

... and more Information Warfare isn't Russian:

The campaign's death-stroke was dealt when the letters between Mary
Reynolds and Hamilton were published in a proto-muckraker
pamphlet. The pamphlet also promoted the false accusation that
Hamilton was involved in a corrupt speculation scheme. This placed
Hamilton in a situation where that if he refuted both accusations, the
affair could be easily proven true thus insinuating that the
corruption accusation was also true. Therefore, to preserve his
reputation against the corruption accusation, Hamilton was forced to
make an embarrassing apology to the public for his adultery, thereby
extinguishing any of his future opportunities to hold public office.

... snip ...

the Burr biography has payments from Hamilton to Mr Reynolds that were
possibly used in some corrupt speculation. Hamilton explains that they
were blackmail payments to keep Reynolds quiet about the affair with
his wife.

The Hamilton Hustle
https://thebaffler.com/salvos/hamilton-hustle-stoller

We should be grateful for Hamilton's failures. Had he succeeded, we
would probably be living in a military dictatorship.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 18:19:06 -0800

at recent talk on sr-71, flew at 75k-80k ft at mach 3.2 (outside
ground-to-air missile range) ... one of the comments about sr-71 being
retired ... however that for desert storm, Schwarzkoph had request for
sr-71 photo recon (even there was enormous amount of sat. and other photo
recon).

desert storm lasted 42 days ... but only the last 100hrs were land war;
US had quickly achieved air superiority and GAO Desert Storm Air Power
study that US were destroying tanks, vehicles, installations effectively
at will ... and Iraqi tank crews were walking away from their tanks
because their tanks were such easily being targeted and destroyed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

Later there were accounts of fierce tank battles where coalition forces
received no damage ... but they don't mention if the Iraqi tanks had
anybody home. Their are several accounts that Schwarzkopf had originally
planned frontal tank battles until last tank standing.

Boyd is credited with the "left hook" desert storm battle plan ... which
required a force to get behind the Republican Guard cutting them off
from retreating. The left hook didn't arrive in time and Republican
Guard managed to escape. I've pontificated that while Abrahms M1 specs
indicated that they could have easily accomplished the mission, possibly
Boyd didn't realized how tightly tethered to supply/maintenance (aka for
short distances they have speed but they needed frequent refueling and
maintenance).

I use to sponsors Boyd's briefings at IBM ... past posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Note that US had supported Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war (Bush1 was vp and
former CIA director)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Sat. photo recon analyst (no SR-71) had notified the white house (Bush1)
that Iraq was marshaling forces for invasion of Kuwait. White House said
that Saddam had told them he would do no such thing and proceeded to
discredit the analyst. Then the analyst notified the white house that
Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Saudia Arabia, now the
white house has to choose between Saddam and Saudia Arabia.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

last decade, cousin of (Bush2) White House chief of staff Card ... was
dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had
been decommissioned and provided info to Card, Powell and others.  She
wrote a book about then getting locked up in Texas military hospital
when she tried to take it public ... book published 2010.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

it turns out that the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to the US were
found shortly after the invasion ... but the information wasn't
declassified until 2014 (four yrs after Card's cousin book was
published)
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds this references that military-industrial complex wanted the Iraq2 war so badly that corporate reps were telling former soviet block countries that if they voted for the invasion in the UN, they would get NATO membership and (directed appropriation) USAID (that could only be used for purchase of US arms) http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA now there is apaprently nearly perfect status ... "perpetual war", from one of Boyd "acolytes" http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html like an old "Star Trek" episode https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war military-industrial complex posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex perpetual war posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war Churchill wrote series of (supposedly) history books ... that got Nobel prize for literature (fiction?, not for history). In one he describes how Great Britain got into the mess in the middle east (needing supply of oil). started with planning to move from 13.5in to 15in guns; loc2012-14: From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches. loc2087-89: To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries. loc2151-56: This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil. ... snip ... Then in the 50s, an Iran popular elected government wanted to examine the terms of the British oil contract. Kermit Roosevelt https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr. helps with coup that installs the Shah https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat ... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help keep Shah in power https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK misc. posts mentioning transition to 15-inch guns http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#39 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967) http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic' -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Mar 2017 11:41:57 -0800

re:
http:///www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity

entites have been dancing through gov. secure networks for years,
including retrieving detailed classified specifications on
major weapon systems.

Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by
Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html

Also on the list is the most expensive weapons system ever built
-- the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, which is on track to cost about
$1.4 trillion. The 2007 hack of that project was reported previously.

... snip ...

REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons
Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by
hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

From a press standpoint ... all these major compromises reportedly have
come from Asia ... but for some reason, major news is constantly
pointing fingers in other directions. There also seems to be
misdirection with all the uproar about compromises of consumer goods
... when there is all this stuff about serious weapons systems.

Weapon systems will remain vulnerable to hackers for "decades," Air
Forces Cyber Commander says
https://www.fedscoop.com/weapon-systems-will-remain-vulnerable-to-hackers-for-decades-air-forces-cyber-commander-says/
China's State-Sponsored Cyber Attacks Must Stop
https://www.theglobalist.com/china-united-states-cyber-crime-politics/
Chinese hacked U.S. military contractors: Senate panel
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-military-cyberspying-idUSKBN0HC1TA20140918
Why China hacks the world
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2016/0131/Why-China-hacks-the-world

of course part of this is enormous outsourcing (frequently to "for
profit" private-equity subsidiaries, that are under intense pressure to
cut corners and provide revenue to their owners) that occured last
decade

AMEX had been in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO of RJR,
KKR wins, but runs into some problems and hires away the president
of AMEX to help
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and is being reorganized into the
13 baby blues for breaking up the company. The board then brings
in the former AMEX president to revese the breakup and resurrect
the company, using some of the same techniques at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

then the former AMEX president leaves IBM to head up major
private-equity company that buys the beltway bandit that will employ
Snowden. in intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (aka more
money from series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

... OPM had also outsourced to one of the private-equity owned
subsidiaries
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
https://fcw.com/articles/2015/06/24/house-oversight-opm.aspx

a lot of this seems similar to the motivation of the cal. data breach
notification legislation ... the institutions with the major breaches
were doing little or nothing about it, because the breaches didn't
(directly) put the institution at risk ... it was the their customers or
the public put at risk (aka normally institutions/individuals take
security measures in self-protection)

military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
data breach notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

at one end of the spectrum are claims that enabling the enemy, helps
support the military-industrial complex strategy of "perpetual war"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

some past posts about being cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

curious: why S/360 & decendants are "big endian"

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: curious: why S/360 & decendants are "big endian".
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Mar 2017 16:25:41 -0800

john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

​Same in other books I've seen. Why? Probably because we write from top to
bottom. We write the lowest first, at the top, and the highest last, at the
bottom. And then we confuse everybody by calling them "ascending" memory
addresses while writing them in a descending pattern. English is a _stupid_
language.

in the 70s as fullscreen 3270s editors were starting to appear, there
was big editor culture wars over up & down.

prior to that, line-editing was from perspective of the user ...  "up"
moving towards the "top" (beginning) of the file and "down" was moving
towards the "bottom" (end) of the file.

The side that had enhanced previous line editors to support 3270
fullscreen and preserved the up/down orientation (meaning).

A couple of "new" 3270 fullscreen editors, done from scratch, insisted
on "up" was from the orientation of the program (not the user), the
program would move the file up ... towards the bottom of the file or
move the file "down" ... towards the top of the file (difference was`
whether up/down was from the human perspective or the program/software
perspective).

past posts mentioning fullscreen edit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#4 HONE, ****, misc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#66 Mainframe Spreadsheets - 1980's History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#45 hyperblock drift, was filesystem structure (long warning)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#36 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#58 Command reference for VM/370 CMS Editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56 AT&T Labs vs. Google Labs - R&D History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#28 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#23 How to write a full-screen Rexx debugger?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#24 How to write a full-screen Rexx debugger?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#82 Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#32 What I miss in my OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#42 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#43 handling the SPAM on this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#32 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#46 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#13 An Interview with Watts Humphrey, Part 6: The IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#57 An Interview with Watts Humphrey, Part 6: The IBM 360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#85 REXX "address" environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#45 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#4 Announcement of the disk drive (1956)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#41 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#53 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#102 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#24 spacewar

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
Date: 09 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/08/business/dealbook/sec-nominee-jay-clayton-client-list-conflicts-interest.html

There is a difference between the revolving door insider that still
has much of his career in front of him and dependent on the industry
and an insider that has all the money he wants and has no further
vested interest in protecting the industry. Also check on the history
of the law firm, recent appointees as well back through supporting
Hitler & Nazis in the 20s&30s and further back to the Panama
Canal deal.

more revolving door:

The SEC's Revolving Door
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/reports/sec-revolving-door.html
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/reports/2013/dangerous-liaisons/overview.html

POGO found that, from 2001 through 2010, more than 400 SEC alumni
filed almost 2,000 disclosure forms saying they planned to represent
an employer or client before the agency. Those disclosures are just
the tip of the iceberg, because former SEC employees are required to
file them only during the first two years after they leave the agency.

... snip ...

Trump's SEC Pick Brings Conflicts of Interest
https://bol.bna.com/trumps-sec-pick-brings-conflicts-of-interest/

posts mentioninv revolving door:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#84 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#16 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#79 NASA proves once again that, for it, the impossible is not even difficult
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#40 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#15 Is the SEC Covering Up Wall Street Crimes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#20 Study shows powerful corporations really do control the world's finances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#49 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#54 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#66 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#89 The Grand Message in the Conceptual Spiral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#15 Stars for hire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#31 China mulls probe into IBM, Oracle, EMC after NSA hack claims - report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#34 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#19 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#6 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#83 Winslow Wheeler's War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#58 Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#38 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#64 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#28 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#100 Setting the writers right
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#123 IBM retirement fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#54 Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair

posts mentioning law firm:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#54 Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New phone scams

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New phone scams
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 09 Mar 2017 18:16:17 -0800

"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

Particular numbers seem to be on particular
lists.  I regularly get calls on my work phone
from some outfit trying to sell extended
warranties on cars.  Nobody else in the area
gets them, just me.

i've mentioned before I saw big uptick in political calls after
registering with FCC "DO NOT CALL" list ... apparently congress had
established the "DO NOT CALL" list for list of numbers to call.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#8 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#79 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

it also appears the large call centers get the list to program their
computers for numbers not to call ... but then take the list offshore
and (also) use it as list of numbers to call. Sometimes the caller-id
looks like valid number but totally bogus, other times it looks like
totally random number.

calls seem to be somewhat random sources ... although the highest count
is "payday loans" (I've pontificated before on lots of payday operations
have been funded by TBTF as means of skirting predatory loan
regulations). some posts mentioning "payday loans"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#19 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 "Too big to fail" was Malicious Cyber Activity

TBTF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

congress considered most corrupt institution on earth:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#40 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#88 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#36 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#58 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#16 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#53 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#18 Congressional Bickering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#18 What Uncle Warren doesn't mention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#68 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#20 Million Corporation march on Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#137 The High Cost of Failing Artificial Hips
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#5 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#0 Happy Challenger Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#58 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#17 Let the IRS Do Your Taxes, Really
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#61 Zakaria: by itself, Buffett rule is good
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#47 How Selecting Voters Randomly Can Lead to Better Elections
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#33 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#32 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#35 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#36 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#38 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#35 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#87 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#80 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#81 Ireland feels the heat from Apple tax row
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#50 Broadband pricing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#81 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#1 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#48 Protecting Social Security from the Thieves in the Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#24 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#32 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#41 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#7 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#55 Congress, most corrupt institution on earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#77 Corporate Tax Rate

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 10 Mar 2017 07:59:08 -0800

"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

The amount that he wants to take out of their
budget, curiously, is almost exactly the amount
that they want for drug enforcement.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity

I remember when DHS first absorbed secret service ... there was
complaints that DHS had redirected something like 30% of secret service
budget to help pay for DHS hdqtrs overhead ... and that diverting that
much money would seriously affect secret service capability (people,
operations, moral, etc). There were number of reports that DHS
had created enormous, expensive bureaucratic overhead.

misc. past posts mentioning secret service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#54 PKI and Non-repudiation practicalities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#9 New airline security measures in Europe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#33 New attacks on the financial PIN processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#0 Patent buster for a method that increases password security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#11 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#12 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#13 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#18 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#37 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#59 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#63 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#1 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#59 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#0 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#2 Fun with ATM Skimmers, Part III
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#0 Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#74 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#69 Why is the US a decade behind Europe on 'chip and pin' cards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#17 Online Debit, Credit Fraud Will Soon Get Much Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#51 LA Times commentary:  roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Blockchain Will Do to the Financial System What the Internet Did to Media

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Blockchain Will Do to the Financial System What the Internet Did to Media
Date: 10 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

The Blockchain Will Do to the Financial System What the Internet Did
to Media
https://hbr.org/2017/03/the-blockchain-will-do-to-banks-and-law-firms-what-the-internet-did-to-media

Financial industry has been fighting disruptive changes for a long
time. Rhetoric on the floor of congress for GLBA (now better known for
repeal of Glass-Steagall, enabling too big to fail) was that if you
already had banking charter, you got to keep it, but if you didn't
already have banking charter, you couldn't get on (help block
competition with new, more efficient technology).

Note that TARP was originally appropriated to buy too big to fail
offbook toxic assets. However, with just $700B appropriated, it would
hardly dent the problem, just the four largest TBTF had $5.2T offbook
toxic assets the end of 2008. TARP was then used for other purposes
(which may have been what was planned all along) and Federal Reserve
was left to bailout the TBTF, buying trillions of offbook toxic assets
at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP
funds. As it turns out some of Federal Reserve's TBTF friends didn't
have banking charters (which was required to partake of the largess),
Federal Reserve then hands them banking charters, theoretically in
violation of GLBA.

Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Folklore is that wallstreet had contributed $250M to congress, about
evenly divided between the two parties ... so congress "owed" them
GLBA.

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
congressional hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal
convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal links and URLs
between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that
the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it
for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all
(references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying
capital hill).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
Date: 10 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
https://warisboring.com/stop-believing-in-the-many-myths-of-the-iraq-surge-6d865a53dc9b

Baqubah 2007-2008 worse than Fallujah 2004-2005 ... but because
administration said things were better, didn't get much coverage.
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

A lot of the surge was the airlift of billions in pallets of shrink
wrapped $100 bills for tribute/bribes (somewhere between $16B and
$60B, there was lot of skimming by other factions along the way),
things were going to revert as soon as the tribute/bribes stopped
(seems almost out of Roman Empire). says here $40B, but others have
claimed $60B
http://www.cnbc.com/id/45031100

CIA director refuses to approve "Team B" (including Wolfowitz, later
claimed to be primary architect of Iraq policy in the new century)
analysis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

white house chief of staff Rumsfeld then replaces CIA director with
somebody that will agree (Bush1), Rumsfeld then becomes SECDEF and his
assistant Cheney becomes white house chief of staff. Later Bush1 is VP
and he and Rumsfeld are helping support Iraq (including WMDs, notice
picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

sat. photo recon analyst notifies white house (bush1 now president &
Cheney SECDEF) that Saddam is marshaling forces to invade
Kuwait. White House says that Saddam has told them that he would do no
such thing (and proceeds to discredit the analyst). Then the analyst
notifies the white house that Saddam is marshaling forces to invade
Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and
Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

start of century, white house chief of staff Card's cousin is dealing
with Iraq in the UN and given proof that the WMDs have been
decommissioned, which is supplied to Card, Powell and others. The
cousin is then locked up in military hospital. Finally gets out and
publishes book in 2010, including decommissioned WMDs.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

White house initially justifies Iraq invasion based on claimed support
for Al-Queda and that it would only cost $50B (there was going to be
that much in shrink wrapped $100s). later they switch the
justification to WMDs. The decommissioned WMDs tracing back to the US
were found early in the invasion, but the information was classified
until the fall of 2014 (4yrs after Card's cousin book was published).
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

Current estimate for the two wars is expected to exceed $5T (with long
term veterans care and benefits, aka a factor of 100 times greater)

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
Date: 10 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/09/business/economy/corporate-tax-report.html

2002, Congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't
exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010
CBO report, 2003-2009 taxes were reduced by $6T and spending increased
by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. A big part
of the spending increase was for the two wars (first time taxes were
cut to not pay for two wars). Analysis of the DOD spending increase
... included an extra $1+T that they can't find what it was used for
(seemed to have gone in one end of the pentagon and just
disappears). Since then, taxes weren't restored and only modest
spending cuts, so federal debt continues to increase ... and interest
on the debt is pushing half trillion. If they raise taxes by a
trillion to cover interest and pay down the debt (@$20T), it will take
around 30yrs to partially correct the damage letting the fiscal
responsibility act lapse.

Besides all the *legal* tax evasion created last decade, in 2009 the
IRS reported that it was going after $400B taxes owed on illegal tax
evasion by 52,000 wealthy Amereicans. Spring of 2011, the new congress
announces it was eliminating the IRS budget for recovering those
taxes. Since then there has been periodic news about billion or two
fines on TBTF that facilitated the illegal tax evasion ... but
nothing on recovering the $400B.

fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

recent related "flat tax" discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
Date: 11 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#41 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It

cross-over from recent military group on Iraq surge

A lot of the surge was the airlift of billions in pallets of shrink
wrapped $100 bills for tribute/bribes (somewhere between $16B and
$60B, there was lot of skimming by other factions along the way),
things were going to revert as soon as the tribute/bribes stopped
(seems almost out of Roman Empire). says here $40B, but others have
claimed $60B
http://www.cnbc.com/id/45031100

CIA director refuses to approve "Team B" (including Wolfowitz, later
claimed to be primary architect of Iraq policy in the new century)
analysis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

white house chief of staff Rumsfeld then replaces CIA director with
somebody that will agree (Bush1), Rumsfeld then becomes SECDEF and his
assistant Cheney becomes white house chief of staff. Later Bush1 is VP
and he and Rumsfeld are helping support Iraq (including WMDs, notice
picture of Rumsfeld with Saddam):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

sat. photo recon analyst notifies white house (bush1 now president &
Cheney SECDEF) that Saddam is marshaling forces to invade
Kuwait. White House says that Saddam has told them that he would do no
such thing (and proceeds to discredit the analyst). Then the analyst
notifies the white house that Saddam is marshaling forces to invade
Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and
Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

start of century, white house chief of staff Card's cousin is dealing
with Iraq in the UN and given proof that the WMDs have been
decommissioned, which is supplied to Card, Powell and others. The
cousin is then locked up in military hospital. Finally gets out and
publishes book in 2010, including decommissioned WMDs.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

White house initially justifies Iraq invasion based on claimed support
for Al-Queda and that it would only cost $50B (there was going to be
that much in shrink wrapped $100s). later they switch the
justification to WMDs. The decommissioned WMDs tracing back to the US
were found early in the invasion, but the information was classified
until the fall of 2014 (4yrs after Card's cousin book was published).
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

Current estimate for the two wars is expected to exceed $5T (with long
term veterans care and benefits, aka a factor of 100 times greater)

Military-industrial complex wanted the Iraq invasion so badly that
corporate reps were telling former soviet block countries that if they
voted for the invasion in the UN, they would get NATO membership and
(directed appropriation) USAID (that could only be spent on modern US
arms). From law of unintended consequences ... in the invasion, they
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs. When they got around
to going back, a million metric tons had evaporated. Later started
seeing large artillery shell IEDs ... even taking out Abrams
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

Part of the analysis was that Iraq had learned from "Desert Storm" to
minimize targets for US air power. GAO Desert Storm Air Effectiveness
study included Iraqis walking away from their tanks because they were
sitting ducks for US air strikes. Desert Storm was 42 days, only last
100hrs was land war. Tremendous tank battles with coalition forces
taking no damage, don't mention whether the Iraqis tanks had anybody
home.

Bagubah 2007-2008 was worse than Fallujah 2004-2005, but because
administration said it was better, it didn't get coverage

"Battle for Bagubah" has Abrams so vulnerable, that they took to
running the route before taking Abrams out
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

loc5243-54:

I saw other Bradleys and M1 Abrams main battle tanks, the pride of the
1st Cavalry Division -- vehicles that, if back at Fort Hood, would be
parked meticulously on line, tarps tied tight, gun barrels lined up,
track line spotless, not so much as a drop of oil on the white
cement. What I saw that day was row after row of mangled tan steel as
if in a junkyard that belonged to Satan himself.

... snip ...

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

and some on the economic mess:

VP and former CIA director claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess 70 times
larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions
with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

letting fiscal responsibility act lapse 2002 seems to be confluence of
(at least) 1) federal reserve and wall street wanted huge federal
debt, 2) wall street and large corporations wanting huge tax cuts (and
willing to pay huge bucks to congress for the cuts) and 3)
military-industrial complex wanted huge increase in spending

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades
Date: 11 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/03/channeled-scablands/

Long-time computer co-worker (we were both at the IBM Science Center
at MIT for most of the 70s and both transferred to IBM San Jose
Research in the late 70s). He came up with theory about "tektites"
found around a lot of southern US, were result of very large meteor
that hit in Gulf of Mexico. He fought a long hard battle to get paper
published in geology science journal (we use to go tektite hunting
with him along Texas backroads).

There is a "bullying" book and apple app about him
http://downloads.zdnet.com/product/31709-75651341/

Loads of pre-Internet emails, anecdotes and other computer science
archival material, 12 video interviews with Edson Hendricks and 3
audio interviews of author/composer Leanne Jones, exploration of the
"genius" and "inventive" mind, predicting the future, first email
virus, advice to programmers, the origin of tektites, and so much
more.Ideal for all ages, especially clever children 6+ and anyone with
an interest in Internet history and inventing. How was the Internet
really invented?

... snip ...

also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

It's Cool To Be Clever, The story of Edson C. Hendricks
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

IT'S COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive boy in
the 1950s who doesn't fit in at school. Edson Hendricks is bullied
because he is so smart (people accuse him of getting answers from his
father who is the principal) and has red hair. He finds comfort in an
imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no internal organs or
emotions.

Years later, Edson's strange capacity to think like a machine helps
him create a new way for computers to communicate. His
"connectionless" network design paves the way for today's Internet.

... snip ...

trivia: I had project I called "high speed data transport" and we were
working with director of NSF and were suppose to get $20M to
interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the
budget, some other things happened and eventually NSF releases an
RFP. As the regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into
the NSFNET "backbone" (precursor to the modern internet) ... some old
related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 11 Mar 2017 15:44:52 -0800

Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:

The problem with the 360/65 and /67 multiprocessor system was that the
memory didn't have enough bandwidth, so adding a CPU did not give you a 2X
boost.  Somewhere between 1.5 - 1.75.  I can only imagine it had to get
worse as you added more that a 2nd processor.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#3 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#30 The ICL 2900

360/67 muiltiprocessor partially mitigated it ... allowing channel i/o
and processors to have independent paths to memory.

360/67 (single processor), 360/65, and 360/65MP, processors, i/o, etc
all shared common path to all memory.

you can see some of that in the 360/67 functional specifications giving
instructions timings ... every instruction on multiprocessor memory
access having slightly higher memory access.

a 360/67 "half-duplex" (multiprocessor memory, channel i/o etc ... but
only one processor) would have slightly slower raw MIP rate compared to
a straight simplex 360/67 (or 360/65) .... but under heavy i/o load
could have higher effective throughput .... because both I/O and
processor have paths to each memory storage units.

the actual timing gets more complex as distance from specific processor
to specific storage unit also contributes to latency

much longer discussion pg28, in two-processor system, each storage unit
can have four independent paths (one for each processor and one for each
processor's i/o controller)
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/A27-2719-0_360-67_funcChar.pdf

there is little bit longer discussion, pg29-pg39 in
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

if all concurrent instruction & I/O was to the address range in single
storage unit .... then thruput would be limited by access to that single
unit .... however could have concurrent access to four different storage
units (multiprocessor configuration could have up to eight 2365-12
storage units for 2mbytes total) and effective concurrent memory
transfer rate of up to nearly four times that of "simplex" 360/67 (or
360/65s).

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 11:37:29 -0700

Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:

The problem with the 360/65 and /67 multiprocessor system was that the
memory didn't have enough bandwidth, so adding a CPU did not give you
a 2X boost.  Somewhere between 1.5 - 1.75.  I can only imagine it had
to get worse as you added more that a 2nd processor.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#3 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#30 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#44 The ICL 2900

at univ. with 360/67 (single processor) with 768kbytes (three 2365-2
memory banks ... only one memory interface shared with processor &
i/o) ... I played with (virtual machine) cp67 and the IBM SE
played with tss/360. We created a synthetic benchmark that simulated
fortran program edit, compile and executed. I ran it with cp67 and 35
simulated users had been interactive response and higher throughput
than tss/360 had with 4 simulated users. Note this was before I did
significant peformance enhancements to cp67, greatly cut kernel
pathlengths, implemented ordered seek and rotational position for I/O
(rather than pure FIFO) and redid page replacement algorithms and
scheduling algorithms.

old posts about SHARE presentation on some of the (later) pathlength
changes I made to CP67 at the univ.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#22 Pre S/360 IBM Operating Systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#28 IA64 Self Virtualizable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#21 Reviving the OS/360 thread (Questions about OS/360)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#93 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)

Later tss/360 would claim that it was the only operating system that
would get 3.8 times more throughput on 2-processor than on single
processor. With little obfuscation and misdirection could almost imply
it was because 2-processor had effectively four times memory bandwith
than "simplex" (i.e. each memory bank had four separate paths, one for
each processor and one for each set of channel controllers). However,
it really was that tss/360 was so huge and bloated ... that on single
processor (with only 1mbyte memory), TSS/360 was still heavily page
thrashing. Going to 2processor also went to 2mbyte real memory
... which reduced the page thrashing and tss/360 got higher effective
throughput (than single processor), but still neither processor ran at
100% cpu utilization.

Part of the reason that cp67 ran with such more actual throughput than
tss/360 ... is that it regularly ran at 100% cpu utilization ... even
with all my enhancements ... significantly reducing kernel cpu
pathlength and utilization .... helped by improving I/O efficiency and
paging and scheduling algorithms. This is also why a "half-duplex"
360/67 could outperform a simplex ... since it could get nearly twice
the memory throughput (with each memory bank having independent path
for processor and I/O) and was running at 100% processor busy.

Other trivia, 360/67 multiprocessor had all channels addressable by
all processors (in addition to all memory addressable). 360/65MP had
all memory addressable by both processors (but didn't have independent
memory bus for each processor and set of channels to each memory
bank).  However, it only simulated multiprocessor i/o. Each 360/65MP
processor still had dedicated I/O channels ... and to simulate
multiprocessor i/o configuration it required multi-channel controllers
... which could have two channel connections ... each connected to
dedicated channel for each processor.

some recent related posts in thread over in comp.arch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#29 Multitasking, together with OS operations

other trivia: move to 370 ... multiprocessor was the 360/65MP subset
(not the 360/67 flavor) ... but the machines had caches. Standard 370
multiprocessor slowed down processor cycles by 10% ... to provide
extra cycles for caches to help handle cross-cashe invalidation
signals ...  so basic 370 multiprocessor started out 1.8 times that of
single processor.

I've mentioned before that the initial morph of cp67 into vm370, they
simplified and dropped a bunch of cp67 (including bunch of the stuff
that I had done as undergraduate and included in cp67 ... and
multiprocessor support). some old email about migrating my stuff to
VM370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

posts about scheduling work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
posts about paging algorithms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

I then got sucked into do multiprocessor support. I mentioned before
that one of my hobbies was distributed&supporting enhanced
operating systems for internal datacenters and one of my long time
customers was (online, world-wide online sales&marketing support)
HONE ... some past
posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

In the mid-70s all the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo
Alto and they developed large disk farm with single-system cluster
support ... each disk bank having eight channel connections to eight
different systems ... front end that load-balanching logon across the
systems (possibly largest single system cluster support in the world)
... and all processors running saturated. They wanted to add 2nd
processor to each system ... to (theoritically) double processor
capacity. I did multiprocessor support with some cache affinity
features and i/o interrupt batching .... that improved cache hit rates
... so even tho each processor was only running at .9 a single
processor ... the improved cache hit rate more than offset the machine
cycle slowdown ... so each processor in two processor system was
getting higher MIP rate (than single processor version, because of the
higher cache hit rate). all sorts of SMP processor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

trivia: one facebook first moved into silicon valley (before buying
the old SUN campus) ... it was into new bldg built next door to the
old HONE datacenter.

more trivia: while I could show 2-processor 370 getting better than
twice single processor ... at the time, MVS documentation claimed
1.3-1.5 throughput of single processor. MVS was still pretty much the
OS/360 360/65MP single global kernel spin-lock and huge amount of
constant SIGP overhead ... one processor constantly signalling the
other processor.

Later in the 3081, they changed VM/SP multiprocessor to add a huge
number of SIGPs (constant one processor signalling the other processor
for some trivial, unimportant reason drastically driving up
multiprocessor overhead, interrupts killing cache hit rate, etc).
Customers moving from the previous release to the new (sigp intensive)
release saw at least 10% throughput decline.

They had attempted to obfuscate the SIGP change degradation with some
optimization of how 3270 terminal I/O was done. However, there were
some customers that were all ascii glass-teletype ... including a very
large 3-letter gov. agency (SHARE installation code "CAD") ... where
the release transition was especially noticable. old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#57 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercomputers?

some old posts mentiong SHARE installation code "CAD"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#20 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#31 I/O Optimization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#51 Search for first Web page takes detour into US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#19 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#58 The CIA's new "family jewels": Going back to Church?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#36 Semi-OT: Government snooping was Re: Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#78 Firefox 32 supports Public Key Pinning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#39 Virtual Memory Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#5 Remember 3277?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New phone scams

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New phone scams
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 12:14:05 -0700

"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

So suppose it turns out that the fatality rate for self driving cars
is 1/10 that for human driven cars?  Would you really want to reward
this reduction in deaths by filing multiple criminal charges against
the people who brought it about.  That's just brilliant.  What purpose
do you believe that this will serve?

recent news that two people from deaf school file suit against berkeley
under the disabilities act that berkeley had put up 20,000 free course
videos online ... but that they accessable to deaf and blind
people. berkeley pulled the 20,000 videos.

Berkeley Will Delete Online Content
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2017/03/06/u-california-berkeley-delete-publicly-available-educational-content

The Justice Department, following an investigation, in August determined
that the university was violating the Americans With Disabilities Act of
1990. The department reached that conclusion after receiving complaints
from two employees of Gallaudet University, saying Berkeley's free
online educational content was inaccessible to blind and deaf people
because of a lack of captions, screen reader compatibility and other
issues.

....

"In many cases the requirements proposed by the department would require
the university to implement extremely expensive measures to continue to
make these resources available to the public for free," Koshland wrote
in a Sept. 20 statement. "We believe that in a time of substantial
budget deficits and shrinking state financial support, our first
obligation is to use our limited resources to support our enrolled
students. Therefore, we must strongly consider the unenviable option of
whether to remove content from public access."

... snip ...

Berkeley
http://news.berkeley.edu/2017/03/01/course-capture/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
Date: 12 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://fortune.com/2017/03/10/wikileaks-cia-data-security-leaks-spying-hacking/

some amount of wikileaks and russians is obfuscation and misdirection
away from fundamental systemic problems ("cyberdumb") involving
private-equity for-profit companies and asia. foes have been dancing
through gov. secure networks for years, including retrieving detailed
classified specifications on major weapon systems.

Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by
Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html

Also on the list is the most expensive weapons system ever built --
the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, which is on track to cost about $1.4
trillion. The 2007 hack of that project was reported previously.

... snip ...

REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons
Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by
hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

From a press standpoint ... all these major compromises reportedly
have come from Asia ... but for some reason, major news is constantly
pointing fingers in other directions. There also seems to be
misdirection with all the uproar about compromises of consumer
electronics ... when there is all this stuff about serious weapons
systems.

other part of the problem is the enormous outsourcing to for-profit
companies last decade, frequently subsidiaries of private-equity
companies (under intense pressure to cut corners and generate profit
for their owners), including the beltway bandit that will employ
Snowden ... 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and the rapidly spreading Success of Failure culture ... multiple
failures generate more profit than success
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
frequent failures also enables perpetual war
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

We were tangentially involved in success of failure ... but
didn't know it at the time. 2002, IC-ARDA (since renamed IARPA)
releases an unclassified BAA that basically said that none of the
tools they had did the job. Just before it closes, we get a call
asking us to respond. We get a response in before it closes and have
several meetings demonstrating that can do what is needed ... and then
nothing. When success of failure starts to break, we conjecture
that they allowed the BAA to be released, assuming nobody would
respond and shutdown the complaints (also wonder what happened to the
person that called asking for us to respond).

OPM was also private-equity subsidiary
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
https://fcw.com/articles/2015/06/24/house-oversight-opm.aspx

recent shared memory from 7Mar2015:

conference late 90s (almost 20yrs ago) there were references to CIA
pivoting to cyber, however some people expressed great deal of
skepticism because there weren't the skills or orientation. there were
comments about lots of federal agencies claiming move to cyber as
excuse for new funding. all that was apparently side-tracked when the
funding buzzword became terrorism

CIA to make sweeping structural changes with focus on cyber operations
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/mar/06/cia-sweeping-structure-changes-cyber-operations

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
"private equity" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 13 Mar 2017 10:08:42 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

Which don't seem to run in a true SMP manner but that's just the feeling
I get when using a multi-core system.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#61 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#30 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#44 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#45 The ICL 2900

as previously mentioned OS/360/65MP had global kernel spin-lock ... so
only processor executed in the kernel at a time (simplified all the
changes serialization changes to the kernel but seriously limited
amount of parallelization). That accounted for the push back from the
POK favorite son operating system (OS/360 MVT) push back on needed
compare&swap for SMP (test&set was more than sufficient) ... and carried
forward into 370 SMP MVS ... that throughput could be 1.2 to 1.5 times
simplex (i.e. 370 hardware clock slowed down 10% for listening for
cross-cache invalidation, hardware only 1.8 times, large amount of
softwarre SIGP signaling interrupts overhead, and very poor
parallelization, lack of fine-grain locking).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

One of the things limiting further scaleup on cache machines was all
the cache consistency protocol chatter ... two-processors mean
signaling from one other processor, four processors mean signaling
from three other processors, N-way means signaling from N-1
processors. SEQUENT had done a lot of cache protocol optimization for
its 32-way SMP DYNIX.

I got pulled into some of the SLAC meetings for SCI .. which used
serial fiber for memory bus and cache protocol ... and directory based
cache consistency protocol. And then had quite a few dealings with
SEQUENT ... when they were working on their 256-way SCI exemplar. One
of the things that they claimed was they had done nearly only the work
on (windows) NT for fine-grain locking to get NT scaleup to 8-way
(that they offerred as alternative to DYNIX on their SMP systems)
... this is server-based operations that already have highly
parallelized applications (like DBMS, aka m'soft had bought their
sql-server from SYBASE). upthread post mentioning SCI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900

Decade ago there is the story about head of microsoft complaining to
Intel SVP that they have to stop all this multi-core stuff and return
to increasingly faster single processor systems ... because
application parallel programming was "too hard" (desktop, client,
etc). past quote from Intel SVP Gelsinger about multi-core
converstation with head of Microsoft saying parallel program was "too
hard"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#42 Panic in Multicore Land
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#15 Why do people say "the soda loop is often depicted as a simple loop"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#44 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#48 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#85 Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#118 By the time we get to 'O' in OODA

in recent upthread post ... i had mentioned doing vm370 2-way SMP for
HONE with some cache affinity ... getting better than 2-times (because
of improved cache hit rate)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#45 The ICL 2900

there is recent thread over in comp.arch about doing various cache
affinity strategies getting significant throughput improvements.

related to modern strategies is periodic comment that current memory
latencies (cache miss) .... when measured in count of processor cycles
... is comparable to 60s disk latency, when measured in count of 60s
processor cycles. Some current processor throughput face similar
issues that 60s systems faced when waiting for disk i/o ... recent
references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#13 follow up to dense code definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#29 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 14 Mar 2017 09:32:38 -0700

scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:

"They've" been thinking outside the box for decades.  Starting
with Sequent and SGI's NUMA systems.

as well as data general and convex ... all implemented
with SCI ... recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900

wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

memory bus was 64-port .... sequent and data general did 4 processor
board with shared cache and 64 boards (for 256 processors total)
interfaced to SCI.

futurebus contributes to SCI for I/O
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futurebus

Futurebus effort did act as a catalyst for simpler serial
technologies. A group then organized to create a system aimed directly
at this need, which eventually led to Scalable Coherent Interface
(SCI). Meanwhile, another member decided to simple re-create the entire
concept on a much simpler basis, which resulted in QuickRing. Due to the
simplicity of these standards, both standards were completed before
Futurebus+. Futurebus+ was ahead of its time in the 1980s. VME and other
parallel bus standards are still trying to adapt concepts that are
implemented in the Futurebus, specially in high performance
applications.

... snip ...

contributing to Next Generation I/O and eventually Inifiniband
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InfiniBand

In the late 80s, I got dragged into LANL standardization for (parallel)
HIPPI, LLNL standardization for (serial) FCS, and SLAC standardization
for SCI ... as well as working on cluster scaleup for our HA/CMP product
(both technical/scientific with national labs and commercial with RDBMS
vendors).

old reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on
commercial cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

we had also been working with (IBM) Hursley 80mbit serial copper I/O and
wanted it to evolved in fractional speed interoperability with FCS (but
it evolves into incompatible SSA instead) ... recent reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#75 The ICL 2900

within weeks of the Ellison meeting, the cluster scaleup is transferred
to Kingston, announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific
*ONLY* and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four
processors. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

press from 17Feb1992, *scientific and technical* only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and 11May1992 "IBM" *caught by surprise* by national lab interest in
cluster supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

I've mentioned before getting con'ed into do 4341 (RAIN) benchmarks
for LLNL that was interested in getting 70 4341s for computer farm
... sort of leading edge of the cluster supercomputer tsunami
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790220
other old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

background leading up to the transfer ... was there was operation in
Kingston lab that had responsibility for supercomputer ... they were
working on design ... but they were also providing financing to Chen
supercomputing. End of Oct1991, the senior corporate VP supporting the
Kinston supercomputer operation retires. There is then audits and
reviews of all the projects supported by the retired VP. After that
they start scouring the corporation for technology that could be used
for supercomputer.

In any case, we leave IBM later in 1992. Later in the 90s, Steve Chen is
CTO at Sequent and we are brought in as consultants (all before IBM
buys and shutdowns Sequent). misc. past posts mentioning Steve Chen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#70 CM-5 Thinking Machines, Supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#19 Worst case scenario?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#12 Steve Chen Making China's Supercomputer Grid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#38 Wanted: info on old Unisys boxen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#5 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#7 IBM in Talks to Buy Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#5 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#59 Problem with XP scheduler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#71 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#68 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#70 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#47 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#48 Nonlinear systems and nonlocal supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#61 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#24 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#7 IBM Watson's Ancestors: A Look at Supercomputers of the Past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#79 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#65 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#74 100 boxes of computer books on the wall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#10 the legacy of Seymour Cray

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframes after Future System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframes after Future System
Date: 14 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

3033 and 3081 were Q&D projects kicked off at the same time at the
death of Future Systems ... to get something quickly back into 370
product pipeline (lack of products during the FS period is credited
with giving clone makers market foothold). 3033 was 168-3 logic mapped
to 20% faster chips. 3081 was some warmed over FS technology that
involved an enormous number of circuits (significantly worse
performance than competition). Some long-winded analysis from the
period
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
past FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

We had a 16-way 370 multprocessor project and con'ed the 3033
processor engineers into working on it in their spare time ... a lot
more interesting than the 3033. Everbody thought it was really great,
until somebody got around to telling the head of POK that it could be
decades before the POK favorite son operating system had effective
16-way support. Then the head of POK invites some of us to never visit
POK again (and directs the 3033 processor engineers to stop being
distracted). Mainframe 16-way finally ships in 2000 (nearly 25yrs
later). past SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

there was 3092 service processor for the 3090 ... actually a pair of
4361s running customized version of vm370/cms release 6, with all
service screens done in cms IOS3270. Part of the issue that when the
3081 service processor had all software done barebones from scratch,
which was major software development effort. The original
justification for service processor was that FE had a scoping
incremental bootstrapped diagnostic. Use scope to diagnose failure and
identify unit(s) to be replaced. With the change to TCM (all
electronics inside thermal unit). Service processor could be scoped
and diagnosed ... and then service processor had huge number of probes
into the TCMs (to diagnose TCM failures).

For 303x channel director they used 158 engine with integrated channel
microcode and w/o the 370 microcode. A 3031 was 158 engine with 370
microcode (and w/o integrated channel microcode) and a 2nd 158 engine
with integrated channel microcde (and w/o 370 microcode). A 3031 was
slightly faster than 158-3 since it had separate engines to run the
processor and channel microcode. A 3032 was 168-3 with new covers and
configured to work with 303x channel director (as external
channels). A 3033 was 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips and
303x channel director for external channels.

Endicott came out with 4341 which was faster than 3031, was much less
expensive had much smaller footprint and environmentals. A cluster of
4341s was faster than 3033, much less expensive and much smaller
footprint and environmentals. At one point POK was so threatened by
4341, it convinced corporate to cut allocation of critical 4341
manufacturing component in half.

Large corporations started ordering hundreds of 4341s at a time for
placing out in departmental areas .... sort of the leading edge of the
distributed computing tsunami (including IBM, departmental conference
rooms were becoming scarce commodity because they were being converted
to 4341 rooms).

I also got con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks for LLNL that was looking
at getting 70 for compute farm (leading edge of the cluster
supercomputer tsunami).

old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
Date: 14 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

It's Time to Turn the Page on the F-35: Here's How
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/444387/f-35-replacement-upgrades-new-designs-replace-joint-strike-fighter
The failed F-35 fighter-jet program can't be fixed -- it's time to turn the page.
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/443612/f-35-donald-trump-should-cancel-failed-f-35-fighter-jet-program
F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/445708/f-35-replacement-f-45-mustang-ii-fighter-simple-lightweight

major part of F16 was relaxed stability ... requiring fly-by-wire to
provide control & maneuverability
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire
Analog computers also allowed some customization of flight control characteristics, including relaxed stability. This was exploited by the early versions of F-16, giving it impressive maneuverability.
https://www.nae.edu/Publications/Bridge/CentennialofAviation/TechnologyandtheF-16FightingFalconJetFighter.aspx

in the 80s, Boyd would talk about need for something less costly than
F-16, much simpler, easier to maintain, lower skill level to maintain,
larger number of flying hours per maintenance hours, lower cost per
flying hour, etc ... along the lines what was claimed for
F20/Tigershark ... more planes per dollar and more flying hours pere
dollar ... possibly tens times the planes in the air. For the
F20/Tigershark they realized that USAF would never buy, so they had to
target for export market. They then found that the F16 forces had
lobbied congress that for every F20/Tigershark candidate country, they
would be offerred directed appropriation USAID (that could be only
spent on buying F16). They candidate country then said that they could
choose between getting F16s for free or using their own money for F20s
(even though that F20s would be much better for their purpose). There
was some claims from the period that the "free" F16s was justified on
making F16s cost less for USAF ... but they may have met that it was
more money for military-industrial complex.
http://www.defensemedianetwork.com/stories/what-might-have-been-f-20-tigershark/

posts mentioning John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd

One of the issues contributing to canceling F22 was enormous
maintenance hours and expense

This is F-22: Can't Fly Won't Die
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/

Pilots call high-maintenance aircraft "hangar queens."  Well, the
F-22's a hangar empress. After three expensive decades in development,
the plane meets fewer than one-third of its specified requirements.

Anyway, an enemy wouldn't have to down a single F-22 to defeat
it. Just strike the hi-tech maintenance sites, and it's game over. (In
WWII, we didn't shoot down every Japanese Zero; we just sank their
carriers.) The F-22 isn't going to operate off a dirt strip with a
repair tent.

But this is all about lobbying, not about lobbing bombs. Cynically,
Lockheed Martin distributed the F-22 workload to nearly every state,
employing under-qualified sub-contractors to create local financial
stakes in the program. Great politics -- but the result has been a
quality collapse.

... snip ...

There were jokes at the time that F-22 couldn't be taken out in
weather (because the stealth coating was very vulnerable especially to
moisture). There are claims that since then, less moisture vulnerable
coating has been developed, used for the F-35 and supposedly
retrofitted to F-22 (however, there are concerns that new coating has
lower structural integrity and subject to loss/wear at higher
top-speed of F-22).

This is more recent item talking makes reference to F-22 stealth
maintenance bays are working over time
http://www.tyndall.af.mil/News/Features/Display/tabid/6651/Article/669883/lo-how-the-f-22-gets-its-stealth.aspx

Haven't seen much about whether F-35 coating is doing better or worse
than F-22

F-22 was 1.7M lines of code, 2yrs ago F-35 estimate was that it was
going to be (at least?) 25M lines-of-code. 2011 USNI conference, it
was pointed out that drones were undergoing a dozen new generations
per year ... while F-22 & F-35 were multiple decades per generation.
2011 USNI conference, it was pointed out that drones were undergoing a
dozen new generations per year ... while F-22 & F-35 were multiple
decades per generation. Large number of inexpensive as bomb & missile
platform quickly approaching unmanned

There is also big overlap in the capability & speed of signal
processing for real-time multi-band radar detection and targeting of
stealth ... and the capability & speed of signal processing for
autonomous vehicle operation.f inexpensive as bomb & missile platform
quickly approaching unmanned

There is also big overlap in the capability & speed of signal
processing for real-time multi-band radar detection and targeting of
stealth ... and the capability & speed of signal processing for
autonomous vehicle operation.

Spring 2015, DOD put latest digital chips on export control. Various
estimates include that processing by latest generation chips could
reduce the number of transmit/receiver pairs in the F22 & F35 AESA
radar by nearly a factor of 100 times w/o loss of capability. At fall
supercomputer conference, China demonstrated that they were producing
their own chips (in addition to radar & autonomous operation, the
chips are also heavily used in supercomputers; china has two largest
supercomputers in the world which have more processing power than the
next eight combined).

recent posts mention F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess

older posts mention AESA radar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#22 Iran Can Now Detect U.S. Stealth Jets at Long Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 15 Mar 2017 08:46:59 -0700

Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:

We did run a quite big (for the time) SGI R10K server for news,
14 processors at the most (in 1996). We had THAT much access and
batching. We ranked among the top 50 among news servers worldwide
then.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#49 The ICL 2900

triva: when we were doing ha/cmp ... the executive we first report to,
then transfers over to head up somerset (AIM, apple, ibm, motorola;
power/pc). we leave in 92 after cluster scaleup is transferred to
kingston and announced as IBM supercomputer. He is hired away from
somerset/aim by SGI to be president of MIPs doing the MIPS R10K
(i.e. SGI had bought MIPS). We would drop in periodically and shoot the
breeze ... in fact he lets me have his executive Indy to take home.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
AIM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIM_alliance
MIPS R10K
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R10000

we had been brought in as consultants by small client/server startup
that wanted to do payment transactions on their server. Two of the
people that were in the Jan1992 Ellison meeting ... mentioned here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

have left oracle and are responsible for the "commerce server" at the
startup. The startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL"
they wanted to use. The result is now frequently called "electronic
commerce".

As public load downloading clients & server software on their web
servers was increasing ... they kept adding servers (and directed
customer to manually spread download use across the increasing number
of servers) ...  but CPU use couldn't keep up with the increase in
download use. Turns out their client/server protocol had used TCP for
this very short HTTP & HTTPS operations. TCP had never been
implemented for such behavior ... part of it was reliable session
close with FINWAIT list to catch dangling packets. FINWAIT operation
had basically been designed assuming there would never be more than a
few sessions in close ... so would do linear search of the list to see
if incoming packets were part of session in the process of closing. As
nominal webserver use started to climb, webserver processor quickly
shot to 100%, nearly all of it done searching FINWAIT list. There was
period in the mid-90s where webservers hit brick wall.

It turns out that Sequent had previously encountered this problem with
customers that were running large commercial operations with 20,000
TELNET (TCP) sessions. While the TELNET sessions were much longer
... with 20,000 ... there was still relative high frequency of
sessions being (created &) shutdown ... and Sequent had already
addressed efficient FINWAIT list operation. The load problem at the
small client/server operation was "solved" when they installed a
Sequent for handling their webserver load.

After another six months, other vendors started shipping updates that
addressed the FINWAIT problem.

past posts mentioning FINWAIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#1 Early tcp development?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#164 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#3 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#14 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#46 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#42 TCP channel half closed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#33 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#2 Hey! Keep Your Hands Out Of My Abstraction Layer!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#37 Curiosity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#11 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#38 Problem with TCP connection close
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#28 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#36 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#7 IBM in Talks to Buy Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#76 Tiny-traffic DoS attack spotlights Apache flaw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#44 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#62 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#51 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#11 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#6 Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#89 False Start's sad demise: Google abandons noble attempt to make SSL less painful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#8 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#48 Google takes on Internet Standards with TCP Proposals, SPDY standardization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#13 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#26 There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#76 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#113 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#43 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#127 Early Networking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Multics Timeline

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Multics Timeline
Date: 15 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Multics Timeline
http://multicians.org/site-timeline.html

some of the CTSS people went to the 5th floor to do MULTICS and others
went to the IBM science center on the 4th floor and did virtual
machines, online computing, internal network, computer performance,
etc. As might be expected there was a little competition between the
4th & 5th flrs.

One of my hobbies was developing & supporting enhanced operating
systems for internal datacenters. It wasn't fair to compare the total
number of VM customers to MULTICS or even the number of VM internal
datacenters to MULTICS .... however I could compare the number of my
"CSC/VM" internal datacenters ... which was slightly more than the
total number of all MULTICS installations (over its lifetime).

Old 1979 email about some people from USAF data services coming out
for visit to talk about getting 20 (vm370) 4341s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404

the visit was delayed until the following fall, by which time the
order had grown to 210 (vm370) 4341s. Trivia: USAF data services had
been longtime MULTICS customer

followon email about finally a colonel, couple majors and some others
from Air Force Data Services coming by (names redacted to protect the
innocent)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#email791211

Multics Air Force Data Services
http://multicians.org/site-afdsc.html

past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

old email moving from CP67 to VM370 (for CSC/VM) at science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

lots of past posts mentioning CSC/VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#8 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#25 DCSS as SWAP disk for z/Linux
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#7 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#51 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#6 Open z/Architecture or Not
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#29 Need Help filtering out sporge in comp.arch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#30 hacked TOPS-10 monitors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#41 IT managers stymied by limits of x86 virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#63 Machine-Level Assembly Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#14 DASD or TAPE attached via TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#72 Error handling for system calls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#82 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#85 old 370 info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#1 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#2 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#22 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#48 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#54 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#35 SEs & History Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#36 SEs & History Lessons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#67 DCSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#68 DCSS addenda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#77 More named/shared systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#33 Survey Revives Depate Over Mainframe's Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#69 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#70 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#79 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#1 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#2 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#17 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#25 HONE Compute Intensive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#24 Would you fight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#72 Interesting presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#13 IBM 5100 First Portable Computer commercial 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#20 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#51 Information on obscure text editors wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#54 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#30 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#11 Titles for the Class of 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#15 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#20 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#21 Titles for the Class of 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#15 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#28 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#10 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#42 Really dumb IPL question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#62 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#48 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#63 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#41 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#79 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#84 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#6 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#7 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#8 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#29 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#70 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#10 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#66 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#41 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#59 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#82 Migration off mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#112 SPF in 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#14 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#4 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#38 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#18 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#50 SIE - CompArch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#59 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#17 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#30 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#17 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#50 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#62 Any cool anecdotes IBM 40yrs of VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#72 Any cool anecdotes IBM 40yrs of VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#84 Did Bill Gates Steal the Heart of DOS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#37 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#31 REFRPROT History Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#88 Sequence Numbrs (was 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#58 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#78 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#75 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#3 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#85 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#11 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#27 RBS Mainframe Meltdown: A year on, the fallout is still coming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#29 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#38 Quote on Slashdot.org
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#45 the nonsuckage of source, was MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#2 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#5 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#33 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#16 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#22 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#89 Real Programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#74 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#85 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#91 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#27 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#71 A New Performance Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#94 VM370 Logo Screen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#3 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#0 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#54 Mainframes open to internet attacks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#106 DOS descendant still lives was Re: slight reprieve on the z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#10 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#52 Resurrected! Paul Allen's tech team brings 50-year -old supercomputer back from the dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#28 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 15 Mar 2017 18:02:11 -0700

scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:

Sequent was first, IIRC.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#49 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#52 The ICL 2900

Sequent implements "snoopy" cache for Balance
http://www.icsa.inf.ed.ac.uk/cgi-bin/hase/coherence-m.pl?wtu-model-t.html,wtu-model-f.html,menu1.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#Balance

Then did Symmetry ... started with i386, which was what was installed at
Mosaic/Netscape (trivia: when NCSA complained about using "Mosaic", what
company donated "Netscape") that addressed FINWAIT problem
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#Symmetry

In 1994 Sequent introduced the Symmetry 5000 series models SE20, SE60
and SE90, which used 66 MHz Pentium CPUs in systems from 2 to 30
processors. The next year they expanded that with the SE30/70/100 lineup
using 100 MHz Pentiums, and then in 1996 with the SE40/80/120 with 166
MHz Pentiums. A variant of the Symmetry 5000, the WinServer 5000 series,
ran Windows NT instead of DYNIX/ptx.[10]

.... snip ...

Sequent claimed that they did the work on NT, restructuring kernel for
SMP scaleup (for servers). However, upthread, I reference that still
doesn't get consumer/desktop application threading for increasingly
multi-core processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900

Then for Exemplar, Sequent used SCI (but data general, sgi, convex, and
others, did also)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#NUMA

SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interconnect
NUMA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-uniform_memory_access

I've mentioned before 370 2-way SMP slowed down base processor cycle
to allow cross-cache invalidation signals ... that was just the start,
any processing of actual invalidation overhead would be in addition to
the base processor cycle slowdown. That is with just one other
processor sending invalidation ... going to 4-way SMP then would mean
three other processors broadcasting cross-cache invalidation
signals. past SMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

I've periodically claimed that John Coche 801/risc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_801
and
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/risc/

was done to be the opposite of the enormously complex (failed) Future
System effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

but another part of 801/risc was no cache consistency ... not even
between the i-cache and d-cache (in the same processor), ... along
with store-into cache ... loader needed special instruction to
invalidate address range in the i-cache and force corresponding
changes in the d-cache to memory (i.e. loader may have altered loaded
program instruction sequence as part of load, which would be in the
d-cache, which would have to be force to memory and any stale
information in the i-cache removed ... so latest copy could be loaded
to i-cache) ... aka not fall into the strong memory consistency
overhead of 370 SMP.

part of somerset (AIM, referenced upthread) for power/pc was to
support cache consistency protocol ... i somewhat characterize it as
adding motorola 88k cache consistency to 801/risc.

past posts mention 801/risc, romp, rios, fort knox, pc/rt, power,
somerset, AIM, power/pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

IBM purchase of sequent
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems#IBM_purchase_and_disappearance

An alternative view of IBM's actions, born out of the belief[13] that
corporations maintain consistent strategies over the short and medium
term despite executive changes, is that IBM acquired Sequent not to
nurture it but simply to keep it out of Sun's clutches. Through its
acquisition of what became the Enterprise 10000 server line from Cray,
Sun had done so much financial damage to IBM's server market share, that
IBM was very reluctant to see this disaster repeated.[citation needed]
Even if it generated zero revenue for IBM, the net present value of
Sequent from IBM's viewpoint was higher inside IBM than inside Sun.[13]

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 10:03:29 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

IBM seems to have never gotten rid of their determination to not
cooperate with other manufacturers hardware.  JMF's first DEC project
was to get DEC computers and IBM computers to communicate.  IBM
believe that homogeneous manufactured hardware was the only possibility;
it took DEC hard/software engineers to break that self-imposed rule.
This was in 1970, 1971.  DEC was willing to talk to any hardware,
including others'.  1.5 decades later it became Digital and just
as snooty as IBM.  I blame this on all those mid-level managers
who got hired from IBM.

The claim is that the major motivation for Future System project in
the early 70s was clone controllers ... making such a tight
integration between processor systems and I/O controllers that it
would significantly raise the bar for clone controllers (however the
lack of 370 products during the Future System period is credited with
giving clone processors a market foothold)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

As an undergraduate I was involved in project to create clone
controller first using interdata/3 ... then evolved into interdata/4
(for the channel interface) and cluster of interdata/3s handling
ports/lines. Interdata markets this, and later marketed under the P/E
logo after Perkin/Elmer acquires Interdata. Four of is get written up
as responsible (for some part of) clone controller market.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

There have been some claims that the tight integration between
SNA/VTAM (mainframe) and SNA/NCP (37x5 controller ) are the closest
survivor of Future System objectives.

I've mentioned periodically that in the late 80s, a senior disk
enginner gets a talk scheduled at the annual world-wide, internal
communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but
opened the talk that the communication group was going to be
responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that
the communication group had strategic corporate responsibility for
everything that crossed the datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting
off distributed computing and client/server, trying to protect its
dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division
was seeing data fleeing the datacenters to more distributed computing
friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come
up with number of solutions to reverse the problems, but they were
constantly being vetoed by the communication group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

In the early 80s, I had a project I called high-speed data transport
(HSDT) and was working with the director of NSF on interconnecting the
NSF supercomputer centers. We were suppose to get $20M, but then
congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and then NSF
releases an RFP. Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The
director of NSF tries to help by writting the company a letter (with
support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal
politics worse (as does references to what we already have running is
at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).  As regional networks
connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (presursor
to modern internet). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

The communication group was even spreading a lot of misinformation
internally, claiming that SNA/VTAM could be used for the NSF RFP
... somebody collects lot of that misinformation email and forwards it
to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

other communication group misinformation related to pressuring the
conversion of the internal network to SNA/VTAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

past internal network (the internal network was larger than
arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

the internal network technology had also been used for the corporate
sponsored university network (also for a time larger than
arpanet/internet):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

In the early 70s, my wife was co-author for AWP39, peer-to-peer
networking architecture ... in the same time that SNA was being
formulated. She was then in the gburg JES group when she was con'ed
into going to POK to be responsible for loosely-coupled architecture
(mainframe for cluster) where she did peer-coupled shared data
architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

She didn't remain long, in part because of little uptake (except for
IMS hot-standby) until SYSPLEX and Parallel SYSPLEX and in part
because of contant battles with the communication group trying to
force her into using SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation. Nearly a
decade later she was co-author for a response to gov. request for
highly secure campus distributed computing operation where she
introduces the concept of 3-layer/middle network. We are then out
doing customer executive presentations on 3-layer network (including
ethernet adapters) and taking lots of arrows in the back from the
communication group (and the SAA and token ring people). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

part of that 3-tier customer executive presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#40 ibm time machine in new york times?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#7 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP

One of the jokes was SNA was not a "System", not a "Network", and not
an "Architecture". Other IBM groups claim that they tried to build
products that would interoperate with communication group SNA/VTAM and
find that even "internal only" documents were insufficient, they
basically had to reverse engineer the actual interface and lots of
trial&error.

recent posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#59 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#61 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#69 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#73 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#30 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#44 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#45 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#48 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#54 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wall Street Vs. Main Street

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wall Street Vs. Main Street
Date: 16 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Wall Street Vs. Main Street - Settling The Debate Over The Real Reason
For QE
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-03-15/wall-street-vs-main-street-settling-debate-over-real-reason-qe

Federal Reserve fought long hard legal battle to prevent public
discloser of what it was doing. When it lost, the Chairman held a
press confeence and said that he thought that the too big to
fail would use the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds to help
mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (however
that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Supposedly the Chairman was
selected in part because he was a student of the '29crash and the
depression when the Federal Reserve had tried something similar with
the same results.

Congress had appropriated TARP $700B supposedly to bailout TBTF by
buying their off-book toxic assets. However, just the four largest
TBTF were holding $5.2T off-book the end of 2008 ... and TARP
would hardly dent the problem. TARP was then used for other purposes
and the Federal Reserve bought trillions in off-book assets at 98cents
on the dollar and was providing tens of trillions in ZIRP. Claims
are the TBTF have been using ZIRP funds to buy treasuries
(helping prop up the enormous federal debt) and clearing something
like $300B/year on the spread.

2002, Congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending
can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal
debt). 2010, CBO report that 2003-2009, taxes were reduced by $6T and
spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal
responsibility budget (first time congress cuts taxes to not pay for
two wars). Since then taxes not restored and only modest cuts in
spending so debt continues to increase. Supposedly confluence of
interest, 1) federal reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal debt,
2) wallstreet and special interests wanting huge tax cuts, and 3)
miltiary-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase (and
"perpetual war").

Claim that financial services industry tripled in size (as percent of
GDP) during the economic mess and Federal Reserve is helping it
maintain that position. NY state comptroller released report that
during the economic mess, wallstreet bonuses exploded by over 400%.

Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating
agencies played in the economic mess, found that they were selling
triple-A ratings on securitized mortgages when they knew they weren't
worth triple-A. That largely accounts for over $27T being done
2001-2008 selling into the "bond" market, including to large funds
restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large
institutional pension funds, resulting in significant loss for those
funds).

The triple-A ratings eliminated any reason for loan orginators to care
about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality ... since they could
immediately sell off every loan they made. Then indusry found that
they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A
rating, sell to their customers, and take out CDS gambling bets that
they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). The
largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to
pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and forces
them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and
to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of
TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is
the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

trivia: around 2005, the US Comptroller General started including in
speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school
arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget.

TBTF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic assets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Pecora hearings (congressional hearings into '29 crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ZIRP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump to Seek Spinoff of U.S. Air-Traffic Control From FAA

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump to Seek Spinoff of U.S. Air-Traffic Control From FAA
Date: 16 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Trump to Seek Spinoff of U.S. Air-Traffic Control From FAA
https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2017-03-16/trump-to-propose-spinning-off-u-s-air-traffic-control-from-faa

Part of the justification is supposedly pumping more money into ATC
modernization, however there has been 30yrs of failed ATC
modernization programs ... great revenue flow for the for-profit
companies ... but not just FAA ... but nearly every gov.
computer-related modernization ... aka the spreading Success of
Failure culture

http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

past posts mentioning ATC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#15 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#17 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#71 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#2 Most complex instructions (was Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#3 Most complex instructions (was Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#14 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#15 IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#50 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#6 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#29 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#30 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#16 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#25 MVS on Power (was Re: McKinley Cometh...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#24 Vector display systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#4 IBM Manuals from the 1940's and 1950's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#36 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#7 Dyadic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#5 A POX on you, Dennis Ritchie!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#44 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#42 Acient FAA computers???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#17 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#57 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#44 What was new&important in computer architecture 10 years ago ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#24 is a computer like an airport?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#21 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#8 Pa Tpk spends $30 million for "Duet" system; but benefits are unknown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#9 Pa Tpk spends $30 million for "Duet" system; but benefits are unknown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#52 CMS (PC Operating Systems)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#14 when was MMU virtualization first considered practical?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#18 Flying Was: Fission products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#43 Flying Was: Fission products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#6 The Return of Ada
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#61 Up, Up, ... and Gone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#41 IBM--disposition of clock business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#45 IBM--disposition of clock business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#28 the Z/10 and timers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#17 Bletchley Park fires up Big Green-Eyed Monster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#25 Crypto Craft Knowledge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#18 System/360 Announcement (7Apr64)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#55 Hercules; more information requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#29 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#31 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#47 Is C close to the machine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#60 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#2 TSS (Transaction Security System)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#44 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#73 Speed of Old Hard Disks - adcons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#57 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#56 Drum Memory with small Core Memory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#69 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#42 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#21 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#18 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#42 US Naval History Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#76 A Little More on the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#108 PDP-11 architecture, was There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#33 Univac 90 series info posted on bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#18 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#34 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#50 PL/I advertising

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:57:55 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

Did [who was it?]  Gershner(sp?) manage to stop that kind of insanity?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#55 The ICL 2900
demise of disk division
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#terminal

President of AMEX is in competition to be next CEO and wins. The looser
leaves taking their protegee and goes to Baltimore and take over what is
called a loan sharking business. They make some number of other
acquisitions eventually acquiring CITI in violation in Glass-Steagall.
Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for
Glass-Steagall repeal, including enlisting the SECTREAS (and former head
of Goldman-Sachs), who resigns and joins CITI as soon as the repeal is
added to GLBA (enabling too big to fail). The protegee then leaves
CITI and becomes CEO of CHASE.

pecora hearings &/or glass-steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
"too big to fail" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR. KKR
wins, but runs into some trouble with RJR and hires away president of
AMEX to help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

A few years after the talk by senior disk engineer (that the
communication group will be responsible for the demise of the disk
division; the communication group strangle hold on datacenters with
corporate strategic ownership of everything that crosses datacenter
walls), IBM has gone in the red and was being reorganized into the 13
"baby blues" in preparation to breaking up the company. The board then
hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and
resurrect the comapny ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

The former AMEX president then leaves IBM and becomes the head of
another large private-equity company ... one of the take-overs is the
beltway bandit that will employ Snowden. Private-equity take-over of
beltway bandits contributed to the enormous increase in outsourcing last
decade ... and companies in the private-equity mills are under intense
pressure to cut corners to provide profit to their owners.  Intelligence
has 70% of the budget and over half the people outsourced ... past
article on Snowden's employer and its private-equity owner
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

it also contributes to the rapidly spreading Success of Failure
culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

There was IBM employee legal action for what was being done to their
retirement ... including changing pension obligation being listed as
asset rather than liability (corporate asset is up for grabs if the
company ever declared bankruptcy) ... change boosts the value/stock,
boosting price/share, increasing executive bonuses.

There are also claims that the "stock buyback" culture was introduced
then and has since dominated a lot of IBM financials since; Stockman
"The Corruption of Capitalism in America", pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent
a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was
equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period.
Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

Lots of properties were also being sold off to raise cash. I've
mentioned before in the 80s, Nestle sold its new, almost finished
corporate hdqtrs bldg to IBM for ten cents on the dollar. After new
CEO comes in, the bldg is (re)sold to Mastercard for its new hdqtrs
bldg. Shortly after Mastercard moves in, we are at a executive
direction meeting with them ... and Mastercard says that they paid
more to have all the internal door handles changed than they paid IBM
for the bldg.

About the time IBM first goes into the red, AMEX spins off a lot of
its (mostly IBM mainframe) dataprocessing and outsourcing as FDC in
the largest IPO up until that time. Around 2000 they are doing
outsourced processing for a little over half the US credit card and
debit card processing ... as well as having introduced the original
magstripe merchant & gift card stored-value products. I've
mentioned before that about that time they have something over 40 of
max configured IBM mainframes (@$30M, constantly being updated on
18month cycle) configured for doing overnight batch settlement and I
look at improving the performance of the 450+k lines-of-code cobol
application doing settlement. 15yrs after FDC is spun off in the
largest IPO (up until that time), KKR (referenced in the RJR
private-equity take-over) does private-equity take-over of FDC in the
largest reverse-IPO up until that time.

past posts mentioning doing performance improvement on 450+K LOC
cobol application
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#24 Curiosity: CPU % for COBOL program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances
would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the
mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#15 Trump to sign cyber security order

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 12:22:33 -0700

Alfred Falk <falk@arc.ab.ca> writes:

DEC built a link between a PDP-9 and a 360/65 (initially) a 360/50)with a
1000' cable between in 1967-8.  The nuclear physics experiment this was
developed for never quite worked out.  The PDP-9 was to collect data from
instrumentation on a cyclotron and the 360 was to process it in real time,
returning reduced data for display by the 9.  By the time the bugs (software
and hardware) were worked out they decided they didn't really need the real-
time link.  For a few years it was used a kind of RJE by people working on
the 9, but not much else.  IBM was never co-ooperative.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#55 The ICL 2900

I mentioned at university using Interdata (first interdata/3, then
upgraded to interdata/4 with cluster of interdata/3s) doing clone
controller for 360/67 ... that Interdata (and later Perkin/Elmer)
selling to lots of customers. Later I ran into former PE salesman said
he sold lots of the boxes to government, especially NASA (including
some real-time stuff)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

upthread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#3 The ICL 2900

is reference to Univ. of Michigan doing something similar using PDP-8 to
their 360/67 (later "upgraded" tp pdp11)
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

part of isn't wasn't building something to published interface, but
building board that interface to the internal channel interface and some
other conventions.

one of the "bugs" was 360/67 had high speed timer that had to update
storage location 80 with "tic" over 13+microseconds.  (simplex) 360/67
(and all 360/65) had single memory interface bus .... turns out that if
the timer tics again before previous memory tic update has been done ...
machine "red lights" (hardware failure) and stops. Turns out that
channels have to periodic give up the memory bus in order for location
80 timer update to be done ... which in turns requires handshake with
controllers to signal channel to give up memory bus.

another "bug" was initial tests had terminal data from interdata
appearing in memory all garbage. Had overlooked that the official ibm
terminal controller (that the interdata was emulating) had line/port
scanners put incoming leading bits in lower order byte position (the
process was reversed for outgoing bits) ... as a result "official"
terminal bits appeared in memory bit-reversed in bytes. As a result the
terminal translate tables (to/from ebcdic) had to account for the
bit-reversed bytes.

as I previously mentioned a major motivation for future system effort
was to make extremely complex & integrated interface between processr,
channel and controllers as countermeasure to clone controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

the folklore then is that the extremely complex interface between
SNA/VTAM (mainframe) and 37x5/NCP (controller) is one of the few things
with really complex integration, that survived FS failure

in the early/mid 80s, I sucked into an effort to turn out a clone 37x5
implementation done by one of the baby bells on (IBM) Series/1 as
"TYPE-1" IBM product. It actually did emulation of both SNA/VTAM and
37x5/NCP initiating sessions with mainframe SNA/VTAM as "cross-domain"
... i.e. the actual resource was "owned" by some other SNA/VTAM.  Having
"ownership" of the resource out in the Series/1 contributed to being
able to do a lot of things not possible with real SNA/VTAM.

The communication group was well known for lots of corporate dirty
tricks ... and so we did a lot of stuff to insolate the effort from
anything the communication group was able to do.  I then gave
presentation at Oct1986 SNA review board meeting in Raleigh on the
effort. What the communication group (to torpedo the project) can only
be described as truth is greater than fiction. Old post with part of the
Oct1986 presentation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67 System/1 ?

part of presntation given by one of the baby bell people at COMMON (s/1)
user group meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70 Series/1 as NCP (was: Re: System/1 ?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2017 16:06:40 -0700

john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:

​Yeah. The hardware designers should have made an "eXecute" bit to go
along with the other "metadata" bits (such as key and change) so that
a attempting to branch to a frame which is not marked "eXecute" would
cause​ an exception. But even that doesn't help since you could still
"wild branch" into a code sequence. Maybe we should just all go to the
IBMi series. Lots of really advanced ideas in that box.

the capability hardware bit was dropped in the migration from s/38 to
AS/400.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/38
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/38#Distinctions

System/38 was one of the few commercial[citation needed] computers
with capability-based addressing. (The earlier Plessey 250 was one of
the few other computers with capability architecture ever sold
commercially).  Capability-based addressing was removed in the
follow-on AS/400 and iSeries models.[1]

... snip ...

Much of S/38 is touted as having been simplified version of the failed
Future System effort ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

and Future System had picked up a lot of the ideas from things like
Multics (read, write, and execute permsissions referenced in section
1.1 Segment Addressing)
http://multicians.org/exec-env.html

Some of the CTSS people had gone to the 5th flr to do Multics, others
had gone to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did virtual
machines, online applications, internal network, and a bunch of
other stuff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Note that in the 70s, one of the virtual machine based online
commercial service bureaus had done a capabiity-based 370 operating
system called gnosis. When M/D bought the company, gnosis was spun off
as independent business (i was brought in to evaluate gnosis as part
of the spin off).  Since then some number of subsequent capability
based operating systems have been done for other platforms based on
gnosis design and principles.

KeyKOS - A Secure, High-Performance Environment for S/370
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Key370/Key370.html
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/KK/
some discussion of Keykos (secure) use of mapping hardware
http://www.cap-lore.com/CapTheory/PrivMap.html

part of Gnosis/KeyKOS was raising the application abstraction ... they
demoed a set of redone ACP/TPF applications that ran faster on KeyKOS
than on TPF (on the same hardware, in addition to providing much
higher integrity level).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

we were brought in to help wordsmith some cal. state legislation.  One
of the things they were doing was data breach notification
law. Little or nothing was being done about the breaches and it was
hoped that the publicity from the notifications would prompt
action. An issue was that institutions normally take security measures
in self-protection, the problem in most of the breaches was that the
institutions weren't are risk it was the public. trivia: since the
cal. state legislation, several other states have passed similar bills
and there have been a dozen or so federal (state pre-emption) bills
introduced (none passed), about evenly divided to similar to
cal. original legislation and those that would effective eliminate
requirement for notification (even tho still called data breach
notification legislation).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach

In the 90s, the major internet exploits were from buffer length &
stack related issues in C-language based implementations (extra long
input, in same cases containing instructions that overlayed other
things). As an aside, the original mainframe implementation was in
vs/pascal which had none of the vulnerabilities epidemic in C-language
based implementations.

In any case around turn of the century, some of the machines
introduced a no-execute bit (inverse of execute bit) ... aka
data-only areas from which instructions were *NEVER* fetched ... NX
bit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NX_bit
in i86 ... first added by AMD for its i86 64-bit machines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NX_bit#x86

other trivia: future system (& s/38) also did one-level store like
(ibm's) tss/360 and multics. The simplified s/38 implementation did
scatter allocation across all available disk drives ... as a result an
integral single filesystem backup had to be done (involving all disks
being idle) ... and any single disk failure ... would require complete
filesystem restore. For most small s/38 configurations with only a
couple disk drives it wasn't much of problem, but failed to scaleup to
mainframe configurations with potentially hundreds of disk drives.

I had done a page-mapped filesystem for cp67/cms ... later moved to
vm370/cms ... and would pontificate that I avoided all the TSS/360
performance pitfalls (getting 3 times or better throughput than
standard cms filesystem). With the failure of Future System, it seemed
to contribute to a very jaundiced opinion of page-mapped filesystems
inside most of (mainframe) IBM.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2017 17:56:28 -0700

imugzach@GMAIL.COM (IronSphere by SecuriTeam Software) writes:

no the problem described, but from my experience, program developed to
3270 user interface, are face lifted using brokers, bridges and other
middle wares. The three tier design ,where some of the field
verification was done by MFS and maps and not handled any more, and
the validation was planned for printable characters only. so, for
example, a DOS attack against your transaction server (or access to
data using SQL injection) can be easily conducted.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

we were doing cluster scaleup for our IBM HA/CMP product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
and some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

for both technical/scientific (with national labs) and commercial
(with RDBMS vendors) ... old post about Jan92 meeting in Ellison's
conferrence room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, the cluster scaleup is
transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical and
scientific only), and we are told we can't work on anything with more
than four processors. Shortly later we leave IBM.

Two of the people named in the Ellison meeting later leave Oracle and
are at a small client/server responsible for something called "commerce
server". We are brought in as consultants because they want to do
payments on their server, the small client/server startup had also
invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, its now
frequently called "electronic commerce".

Most of my work is on the webserver to payment networks gateway over
which I have absolute authority (including having to deal with
possibility of DOS attacks) ... but can only make recommendations on the
client/server side ... some of which are almost immediately violated
... accounting for some number of exploits that continue to this day.

One of the things we started to notice was that RDBMS-based webservers
had significantly higher exploits than flat-file based webservers
... which was the result of various factors.  In part RDBMS
implementations were a lot more complicated and failures/exploits tend
to be proportional to complexity. Common simple scenario; servers are
taken off the network and security measures disabled as part of doing
regular maintenance. RDBMS maintenance tended to be more
time-consuming and much more frequently overran the maintenance window
.... and then in the rush to get the server back up ... reenabling the
security measures was frequently overlooked (even when installation
had security regression tests that were required before reconnecting
to the internet, they would be skipped in the rush to get back
online).

other triva: large percentage of breaches tend to be transaction
information from previous financial transactions in a form
of replay attack for fraudulent financial transactions.
the data breach notification people had done detailed public
surveys and this was the #1 issue. This financial transaction
information is used in dozens of business transactions at millions of
locations around the world. I've periodically commented that even if
the planet was buried in miles of encryption hiding this information,
it would still couldn't prevent leakage.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach

I got con'ed into participating in the financial industry standard
x9a10 which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity
of the financial industry for all retail payments. We did detailed
end-to-end threat and vulernability studies. What we eventually came
up was a standard that slightly tweaked the current transactions so
that crooks couldn't use information from previous transactions for
(replay attack) fraudulent financial transactions. It did
nothing to prevent breaches, but it eliminated the ability of crooks
to use the information for fraudulent financial transactions ... and
therefor the motivation for many of breaches (significantly reduced
the attack surface).  Unfortunately, it was an enormously disruptive
change to electronic payment stakeholders.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

even more trivia: major use of SSL in the world today is hiding
financial transaction information while it flows over the internet,
the x9a10 work eliminated the need to hide that information (while
providing end-to-end integrity ... both in flight as well as at rest).

note that the head of IBM end of last century, leaves and becomes head
of private-equity company that will acquire beltway bandit that will
employ Snowden. There is huge uptic in outsourcing to for-profit
companies last decade, many under intensive pressure to cut corners to
provide profit for their private-equity owners. Example was those
doing outsourced security clearances found to be filling out paperwork
but not bothering to do background checks ... 70% of the intelligence
budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

another example is OPM
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
https://fcw.com/articles/2015/06/24/house-oversight-opm.aspx

also nothing to do with cobol (or financial) ... attackers danced
through top-security networks through much of last decade, acquiring
detailed specifications of major weapon systems (pointing finger at
cobol could just be obfuscation and misdirection).

Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by
Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html

Also on the list is the most expensive weapons system ever built -- the
F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, which is on track to cost about $1.4
trillion. The 2007 hack of that project was reported previously.

... snip ...

REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Most people are secretly threatened by creativity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
Date: 17 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
https://qz.com/929328/most-people-are-secretly-threatened-by-creativity

Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2011/12/teachers-dont-like-creative-students.html

... and former co-worker at science center ...

Cool to be Clever: Edson Hendricks
http://downloads.zdnet.com/product/31709-75651341/

Loads of pre-Internet emails, anecdotes and other computer science
archival material, 12 video interviews with Edson Hendricks and 3
audio interviews of author/composer Leanne Jones, exploration of the
"genius" and "inventive" mind, predicting the future, first email
virus, advice to programmers, the origin of tektites, and so much
more. Ideal for all ages, especially clever children 6+ and anyone
with an interest in Internet history and inventing. How was the
Internet really invented?

... snip ...

It's Cool To Be Clever, The story of Edson C. Hendricks
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/

IT'S COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive boy in
the 1950s who doesn't fit in at school. Edson Hendricks is bullied
because he is so smart (people accuse him of getting answers from his
father who is the principal) and has red hair. He finds comfort in an
imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no internal organs or
emotions.

Years later, Edson's strange capacity to think like a machine helps
him create a new way for computers to communicate. His
"connectionless" network design paves the way for today's Internet.

... snip ...

posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
posts mentining internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

past posts mentioning "It's Cool To Be Clever":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#16 Two new (internal network related) wiki entries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#16 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#65 Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#66 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#66 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#73 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#96 Systems thinking--still in short supply
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#103 Median Age of US Managers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#53 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#17 Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#43 Formed by Megafloods, This Place Fooled Scientists for Decades

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The ICL 2900

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The ICL 2900
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Mar 2017 10:57:07 -0700

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

So the answer might be yes via a side effect of reorganization and
lack of higher management having the habit of biasing business
decisions towards the comm group.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900

or just random change. there were claims when he first came that he
was going to sweep out all the previous top executives ... but it turned
out most of them were kept on.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

mid-80s, top executives were predicting IBM world-wide business would
double (mostly based on mainframe) and there was massive internal
building program to double mainframe related manufacturing ... there
were also a lot of new "fast-track" MBAs rotating around middle
positions ... apparently also in preparation of doubling the business
... this was in spite of that business was already starting to head in
the other direction ... assisted by the communication group stangle hold on
datacenters.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

former AMEX president and new CEO was long time wallstreet ... which was
still heavily dependent on ibm mainframes, including AMEX spinoff FDC
(despite the general downturn in mainframe business and migration to
"killer micros"). breaking the company into the 13 "baby blues" would
have severely impacted that critical dependency. There was lots of
selling off stuff, restructuring employee pensions & other benefits,
and trying to get into new/different revenue streams.

recent mainframe revenue numbers has been hardware is 4% (or less) of
revenue ... but total mainframe business unit is 25% of revenue and 40%
of profit ... aka milking software cash cow ... in large part from high
value (financial) customers that have critical dependency.

I've posted before about financial/wallstreet late 90s had effort to get
off major remaining mainframe useage ... overnight batch settlement;
justification including increasing business environment (more work) as
well as globalization (more work and shrinking overnight window).  The
spent billions of dollars on straight through processing (transaction
completed instead of queuing for batch overnight completion). They were
doing ROI parallelized using standard killer micro parallelization
library ... and ignored input that the parallelization library had
something like 100 times the overhead of mainframe cobol batch. Major
deployments then went down in flames when the throughput was
significantly worse than antificapted (totally overwhelmed the increase
in resources with large numbers of killer micros) ... and then
the industry had major retrenching from moving off mainframe.

Last decade I was involved in taking new parallelization approach to
financial industry groups ... which initial was viewed positively.  It
used process that took high-level business rules and decomposed into
fine-grain SQL operations. It then relied on enormous RDBMS industry
investment in high throughput cluster operation. Then everything hit a
brick wall ... and were finally told there were still a large number of
executives that bore the scars of the failed late 90 efforts ... and it
would take a new generation before it was attempted again.

Old post about Annals of release no software before its time:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#47 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#59 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

i.e. IBM RDBMS power cluster troughput scaleup in 2009 ...  two decades
after we were working on RDBMS cluster throughput scaleup.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

recent post on doing DLM supporting VAX/Cluster semantics to ease port
to HA/CMP ... but eliminating some VAX/cluster operational and
throughput issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#82 The ICL 2900
and upthread reference to "straight-through" processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Most people are secretly threatened by creativity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Most people are secretly threatened by creativity
Date: 18 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#62 Most people are secretly threatened by creativity

We've had a number of consulting gigs where they would say they wanted
something fixed .... and then when we come up with solution ... they
didn't want it. Frequently problems are result of vested interests
protecting status quo. I took to commenting that they should be
careful for what they asked for. Typically they mean they want
something improved as long as it doesn't impact status quo

... in part, disruptive change (upsetting status quo)

I've read the Boyd biographies in paper ... but have become addicted
to Kindle ... especially highlighting/quoting ... so have gone back to
reread. disclaimer: I used to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM.

The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security, loc271-75:

To his detractors, he was loud, brash, a foe of new technologies, and
an irreconcilable pain in the ass. Boyd was known as someone who
regularly bucked the system. Many knew of him by reputation, but few
really knew him. To some, he was not much different from many good
pilots, just a hard-driving type who usually went too far to get his
way. To many, his greatest skill and damning sin was in pushing his
ideas and end-running the system. He disregarded the chain of command
with impunity and cared little about the rank of those he crossed or
those who agreed with him. The hierarchy that counted was the one
based on sound ideas.

loc351-56:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction. To achieve success down that path, you have
to conduct yourself a certain way. You must go along with the system
and show that you are a better team player than your competitors. The
other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the
Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach
because you may have to cross swords with the party line on
occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. So, do you
want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that
really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is
the question.

loc451-54:

What I call Boyd's Way, his thought and vision, is a sort of Western
Zen, oxymoron though that is. It is a state of mind, a learning of the
oneness of things, an appreciation for fundamental insights known in
Eastern philosophy and religion as simply the Way. For Boyd, the Way
is not an end but a process, not a state of mind but a journey. It is
kaleidoscopic in its effect, with new patterns emerging from the same
colored stones of insight and reflection mirrored in constantly
changing patterns.

... snip ...

Neuroscience Learns What Buddhism Has Known For Ages: There is No Constant Self
http://thepowerofideas.ideapod.com/neuroscience-learns-buddhism-known-ages-no-constant-self-3/

Boyd posts & web references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Movie Computers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Movie Computers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Mar 2017 19:43:05 -0700

Joe Pfeiffer <pfeiffer@cs.nmsu.edu> writes:

I used both 026 and 029 keypunches as an undergrad, and I don't remember
either of them as doing EBCDIC (nor ASCII for that matter) -- they had
a character representation all their own.

high resolution scan of "green card" (pdf download)
http://weblog.ceicher.com/2006/12/ibm-system360-green-card.html

it has decimal/hex code table with the 360 instruction mnemonic, graphic
& control symbol (ebcdic, & bcdic if different), 7-track bcd code, punch
card code, and 360 8bit code. 026 would have bcd symbol, 029 with have
ebcdic symbol (but for most part the same).

026/029 would have character on keyboard keys ... when typed it would
punch the coresponding holes in the column and print the character at
the top of card. card punch "multi-punch" allows punch all 256 possible
punch combinations.

The IBM 029 Key Punch
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/029.html

This is the first version of IBM's EBCDIC (Extended Binary Coded Decimal
Interchange Code) character set. Although the repertoire of the 029 card
punch is only 64 characters (sufficient to program in Fotran, PL/I, and
Cobol), EBCDIC is an 8-bit set with a capacity of 256 characters. As
terminals replaced card punches for data entry, lowercase latters,
control characters, and other characters were added in the remaining
space.

... snip ...

029 card punch manual
http://bitsavers.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de/pdf/ibm/punchedCard/Keypunch/029/S225-3358-4_29_FETOM_Mar70.pdf

The IBM 026 Key Punch
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/026.html

Note that the punched-card code is duodecimal (base 12), and is
therefore different from the computer's internal code, which was usually
decimal or binary. The character set -- i.e. the repertoire of
characters, regardless of how they are coded -- in this case is Binary
Coded Decimal Interchange Code, or BCDIC, a 48-character code. BCDIC and
its card code descend directly from the original design of Herman
Hollerith.

.. snip ...

longer discussion of 026/029 punch card & bcd & ebcdic
http://homepage.divms.uiowa.edu/~jones/cards/codes.html

a long discussion also here
http://www.quadibloc.com/comp/cardint.htm

trivia: ebcdic punch combinations use 2**8 subset of the 2**12
possible values (12 row) in each column. it was possible to read card
as "column binary" (rather than bcdic/ebcdic) ...  where 12 columns
are used to represented two 2**6 values (all possible punch hole
combinations).

past posts mentioning punch 12-2-9 as hex/decimal "02"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#17 unit record & other controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#4 1401 overlap instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#8 finding object decks with multiple entry points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#14 IBM Model Numbers (was: First video terminal?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#60 Text (was: Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#45 Commenting style (was: Call for folklore)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#1 DISK PL/I Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#17 Google loves "e"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#24 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#54 12-2-9 REP & 47F0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#47 What is written on the keys of an ICL Hand Card Punch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#17 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#43 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#58 REP cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#64 Large Computer Rescue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#11 Not Your Dad's Mainframe: Little Iron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#30 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#69 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#70 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#32 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#46 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#83 Java; a POX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#42 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#43 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#56 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#57 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#56 Punched Card Combinations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#38 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#39 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#34 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#156 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#73 Paper Tape

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mind of War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mind of War
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 12:18:00 -0700

One of my favorite people, I use to sponsor his briefings at IBM:

The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security, log1322-25:

Then Boyd began talking about curves and data on aircraft performance
and such. Christie had access to an IBM 7094 computer, a large one at
the time. He and Boyd began to write the necessary computer programs,
debug them, and start to work on the data they collected. They became
very close and formed an almost symbiotic relationship. Boyd learned a
lot about mathematics, computers, and programming from Christie.

log157-59:

So too did one of the nation's premier aircraft designers, whose work on
something called energy maneuverability theory changed the way aircraft
were designed and tested. He was largely responsible for the development
of the U.S. Air Force's premier fighters, the F-15 Eagle and the F-16
Fighting Falcon.

loc318-21:

Convincing others of the merits of what became the F-16 was an epic
five-year struggle inside the Pentagon. The Air Force senior leadership
did not want the F-16 and worked hard to kill it. Ultimately, a bunch of
upstarts centered in the Tactical Air shop took on the system and
won. Perhaps most remarkable was the creation of a fighter that cost
less than its predecessor, a record likely to stand in perpetuity.

... snip ...

Boyd would tell this story about F15 forces (even after he significantly
improved the design) trying to have him thrown in Leavenworth for the
rest of his life because he was working on F16; the scenario was he was
using millions of dollars in gov. computer designing the F16, which
wasn't an approved project, effectively making the computer use, theft
of millions of dollars in gov. property (the computer time).

He crossed swords with SECDEF over the electronic survellience of trail
(coming out of North Vietnam), wouldn't work ... possibly as punishment
he was put in charge of spook base (Boyd would say that it had the
largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world). Another of
Boyd's biographies mentions spook base was a $2.5B (in 60s dollars)
windfall for IBM. spook base reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback
machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

posts & web URLs referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 12:31:59 -0700

long winded thread
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/c8GmWBcxF4E
over in ibm mainframe mailing list
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bit.listserv.ibm-main

about this computerworld article

Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.computerworld.com/article/3181809/government-it/cobol-plays-major-role-in-us-government-breaches.html

my archived posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

possibly reference computerworld article is misdirection and
obfuscation ... including reference to OPM hack ... however there is a
lot of private equity acquiring beltway bandits and helping account
for enormous increasing in gov. outsourcing to for-profit companies
... they can be under intensive pressure from their private-equity
owners to cut corners, increasing funds for for their owners
... contributing to the rapidly spreading success of failure
culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

in intelligence, 70% of budget and over half the people (the 90s CEO
of IBM leaves and becomes head of large private-equity company that
acquires the beltway bandit that will employe Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

Some on OPM contractor and its private-equity owner
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
https://fcw.com/articles/2015/06/24/house-oversight-opm.aspx

companies involved in private-equity mill account for over half of
corporate defaults
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
data breach notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Movie Computers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Movie Computers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 09:48:05 -0700

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

Although it had no corresponding glyph, 0-2-8 was read in as hex E0.
I used it as a control character identifying command cards.

reading ebcdic was 2**8 punch code combination, 0-255. standard
assembler and compiler output was "txt" decks that had 12-2-9
(hex/decimal "02" in column 1) ... i.e. reading standard ebcdic,
controller translated punch codes to/from corresponding defined
ebcdic. old posts describing "txt" deck format ... which includes
standard full 0-255 hex codes.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#8 finding object decks with multiple entry points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#14 IBM Model Numbers (was: First video terminal?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#60 Text (was: Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#45 Commenting style (was: Call for folklore)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#26 Relocation, was Re: Early computer games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#16 Where should the type information be: in tags and descriptors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#58 REP cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#69 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#70 IBM System/3 & 3277-1

read/punch cards as "column binary" was more like terminal controller
were all possible 2*12 punch holes were treated as two six bit values
... and "raw" bits moved to/from computer memory (w/o any translation).

I've posted before about doing clone terminal controller and one of
first bugs ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#59 The ICL 2900

was leading bit was put in high-order bit in byte ... and then
transferred each byte to computer memory. standard ibm (selectric
typewriter based) terminals ... the code on the line was tilt-rotate
code ... movement of the selectric golfball print mechanism ... which
then had to be translated to/from ebcdic (different golfballs could have
different character positions ... so needed different translate tables
for tilt/rotate to/from ebcdic). Our bug was that ibm terminal
controller line/port scanner convention was leading bit on line went
into low-order bit position in byte (bit reversed bytes). This carried
over to ascii terminals that had "ascii" on the line ... when processed
by line/port scanner reversed the order of ascii bits in the byte.  The
ascii to/from ebcdic translate tables then weren't straight ascii
to/from ebcdic ... but bit-reversed ascii.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Mar 2017 10:45:21 -0700

arnoldt@US.IBM.COM (Todd Arnold) writes:

Gee, I've been developing crypto technology for 30+ years that runs in
those environments - so it's certainly news to me that it can't be
done :-)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

I had project HSDT that started out dealing with T1.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

The internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about
the beginning until sometime mid-80s. A major difference between the
internal network and arpanet/internet (besides being larger network) was
corporate required all links to be encrypted.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

One of my problems was that my slowest speed line was 1.5mbites/sec
second, or around 300kbytes/sec full-duplex. Turns out that software DES
on 3081 ran at 150kbytes/sec per processor. Needed 100% of both 3081
processors dedicated for any software DES encryption. some old crypto
email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

so external boxes were required for doing any reasonable amount of
encryption. However I hated what I had to pay for T1 link
encryptors ... and it was almost impossible to find faster link
encryption boxes. As a result, I got involved in doing a box that
would support at least 3mbyte/sec and cost less than $100 to build. I
got slammed by the corporate crypto products group that it
significantly weakened the strength of DES standard. It took me three
months to figure out how to explain to them what was going on
(significantly stronger than DES standard rather than signnificantly
weaker). It was a hollow victory ... I was then told that there was
only one organization in the world that could use such crypto, I could
make as many boxes as I wanted but I had to send all boxes to an
address in Maryland. It was when I realized that there are three kinds
of crypto in the world, 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind
you can't do, 3) the kind you can only do for them.

My other conflict with the communication group ... HSDT was having some
equipment built on the other side of the pacific. The friday before a
trip to the other side of the pacific ... the communication group
distributes an announcement for new online discussion group on high
speed with the following definition:

low-speed: <9.6kbits
medium-speed: 19.2kbits
high-speed: 56kbits
very high-speed: 1.5mbits

on Monday morning, in a conference room on the other side of the
pacific was the following definitions

low-speed: <20mbits
medium-speed: 100mbits
high-speed: 200-300mbits
very high-speed: >600mbits

of course, part of the problem was the fastest that the communicaton
group controller boxes supported was 56kbits. They had even done a study
for the corporate executive committee claiming that customers wouldn't
want T1 before the 90s. They had studied customers running "fat pipes"
(two or more parallel 56kbit links operating as single logical link)
where they found no customers with more than five 56kbit links. What
they didn't know (or failed to present) was that typical tariff for six
56kbit links was the same as single T1 link (1.5mbit) ... so customers
got real T1 and operated them with non-IBM controller.

Upthread I referenced getting roped into doing standard for financial
transactions .... transaction information has been involved in the
majority of the breaches ... from data breach notification work, past
posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

We identified that the information could be reused for fraudulent
financial transactions ... so previous transaction information had to be
kept confidential and never divulged.  However previous transaction
information was also required in dozens in business processes at
millions of locations around the world. This sets up diametrically
opposing requirements ... never divulged and always available
... resulting in the comments that even if the planet was buried under
miles of information hiding encryption wouldn't stop information
leakage. The standard we came up with eliminated such replay attacks,
eliminating crooks motivation for breaches and therefor no need to
encrypt/hide the information (the problem was while it was minor tweak
to the protocol, it resulted in major hit to vested interests trying to
preserve some status quo).

I've also pushed the security proportional to risk meme (for the
financial transaction breach theme). The value of the transaction
information to the merchant is profit from the transaction can be a
couple dollars (and a few cents to the transaction processor). The value
of the information to the crooks is the account balance or credit
limit. As a results, the crooks can afford to spend 100 times more on
attacking than merchants can afford spending on defending. recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk
past posts before 2014
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc2.html#security.proportional.to.risk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Mar 2017 11:08:15 -0700

martin_packer@UK.IBM.COM (Martin Packer) writes:

Not to disagree with anything anyone has said, I think one thing might
work against us:

I don't know when restrictions on encryption were lifted but when I first
was involved with encryption in the late 1980's it was pretty restrictive
who could have it.

So the point is - because of the restricted availability - it's possible
the injection of encryption into sites and applications might be less than
desirable.

But I hope the world has changed enough for most sites to have caught up
with the need to implement it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

financial has had special dispensation for some (stronger) crypto
... and there was regular gov. representation at financial standards
meetings.

in the 90s, as gov. was loosing control of encryption ... for a time
there was a gov. push for (allowing crypto but) official escrow of all
(encyrption) keys ... I was rep to the key escrow meetings. I did make
the case of differentiation between keys used for authentication and
keys used for encruyption ... and that it is basic security violation
for any but the individual have possession of their authentication
keys. the gov.  whined that people could cheat and use their
authentication keys for encryption .... but that was about the last key
escrow meeting.

trivia: in the big 1jan1983 change over of arpanet to internetworking
protocol ... there was approx. 100 IMP network nodes and 255 connected
hosts ... at the time when the internal network was rapidly approaching
1000 nodes. This is old post with list of corporate locations that added
one or more network nodes during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address

there was especially difficult problems when links (between corporate
nodes) cross national boundaries (and all internal links required
encryption). ... past internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

past posts mentioning "key escrow"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#11 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#12 dual-use digital signature vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#6 PGP "master keys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm9.htm#pkcs12 A PKI Question: PKCS11-> PKCS12
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#39 PKI Implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#53 public key confusion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#12 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#39 transputers again was Re: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#40 transputers again was Re: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#1 Decoding the encryption puzzle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#48 Data Center Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#62 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#14 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the  Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#56 About that "Mighty Fortress"...  What's it look like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#65 Reject gmail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#40 The Vindication of Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#90 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#32 Surveillance Reform Theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#25 FBI wants 'legislative fix' on device encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Mar 2017 11:50:03 -0700

john@CROSSNO.US (John Crossno) writes:

It had everything to do with "legacy" network security, not following
best security practices, etc. Where the research talks about
investments in modernization, they imply that the problem is "archaic"
30-year old COBOL systems, when that really isn't supported by the
research at all (contradictions?). They really mean that when the
distributed network security is modernized with security best
practices, advanced intrusion and malware detection, use of
MFA/PIV/etc, there's a reduction in the number of incidents.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#70 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

the enormous outsourcing to "for-profit" operations (especially owned by
private-equity company) that occured last decade ... and the rapidly
spreading success of failure culture ... especially failures of
dataprocessing projects, a series of failures is more profit than
immediate success
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
including example of outsourcing security clearances to private-equity
owned beltway bandits that were filling out the paperwork, but not
bothering to do background checks
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

His security clearance was handled by yet another private firm, one now
being probed on suspicion of insufficient diligence in such
investigations.

... snip ...

there was subsequent news that possibly all clearances performed these
firms would have to be redone by in-house gov. agencies.

note, not just new dataprocessing (including networks), but article also
mentions failed legacy dataprocessing modernization efforts.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

we had consulted (essentially for free) on the backend dataprocessing
for the year 2000 census (when the effort was audited, I was asked to
standup in front of the room and answer all the questions). In the
early part of the century, we tried to do something similar for the VA
hospital dataprocessing and met with the head staffer on the hill for
the VA. They had just come off failed billion dollar dataprocessing
modernization effort and was gearing up for a couple billion dollar
followon. Turns out what we wanted to do was one of the biggest
threats to beltway bandits ... impacting their bottom line.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Movie Computers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Movie Computers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 12:34:53 -0700

Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:

I'm pretty sure the 360's 2821 control had a mode to do that, also.
I'm sure I'd seen binary object decks with holes in all 12 rows.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#65 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#68 Movie Computers

2821 control unit
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/28xx/2821/GA24-3312-9_2821_Unit_Description_Oct82.pdf

column binary, I mentioned upthread, pg. 28 "Data Mode 2 - Column Binary
Feature" :

With this feature, the reader can read directly 2 X 80 characters of six
bits each into main storage by transmitting 160 bytes (eight-bit bytes,
each consist- ing of six bits read directly from the card, plus two
high-order zeros). Any punch combination can thus be read into main
storage. With this mode, the punch can punch directly 2 X 80 characters
of six bits each into a card; again the two high -order bits of the
internal eight-bit code are set to zero. Thus, any combination of
punches can be punched.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Movie Computers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Movie Computers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 16:12:36 -0700

scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:

That seems pretty useless.  How do you encode two EBCIDC F0 bytes?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#65 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#68 Movie Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#72 Movie Computers

I think you find "column binary" was compatibility with pre-360 and
machines that had 6bit bytes (or 36bit words).

I periodically mentioned that I redid 1401 MPIO (handled unit-record
front end for 709 that ran tape-to-tape ... and then tapes moved between
709&1401 to do reader->tape and tape->printer/punch.

cards were BCD format (character) or "binary", two six-bit bytes/column
most common, the "binary" was the executable output from compilers.

the difference between pre-360 binary executable ... which had
difference between BCD (character) mode and "column binary" executable
.... and 360 (compiler/assembler) executable ...  and each column
treated as 2**8 EBCDIC/hexadecimal .... aka didn't have different read
operations for character and executable ...  character translating from
2**8 possible punch combinations to 8bit bytes.

a couple recent posts mentioning MPIO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#46 Hidden Figures and the IBM 7090 computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#80 Languages

in some past afc discussions involving MPIO ... somebody mentions
reading all cards as "column binary" and then (if needed) performing the
punch hole combination translation in the computer (rather than having
it done in the controller).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Being Lazy Is the Key to Success, According to the Best-Selling Author of 'Moneyball'

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Being Lazy Is the Key to Success, According to the Best-Selling Author of 'Moneyball'
Date: 20 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Being Lazy Is the Key to Success, According to the Best-Selling Author
of 'Moneyball'
http://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/why-being-lazy-makes-you-successful-according-to-the-bestselling-author-of-money.html

In the 70s&80s there was joke in silicon valley that there was really
only 200 ... it seemed like more because they moved around and did so
much. At conferences people could bring unannounced products for
competitors to play with ... and everybody played by the understood
rules. Then in the 90s, money people had moved in and the whole
culture changed

Many of those 200, knew they were the best in the world at what they
did and had little motivation in preserving the status quo. There was
a big overlap between that culture and Boyd's To Be or To Do (I
sponsored Boyd's briefings in silicon valley in the 80s).

"The Mind of War", loc351-56:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction. To achieve success down that path, you have
to conduct yourself a certain way. You must go along with the system
and show that you are a better team player than your competitors. The
other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the
Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach
because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion.
You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. So, do you want to
be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really
influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the
question.

loc1770-73:

Some of the ideas that improved the F-15 were a result of Boyd's
analysis, but others got credit for them. Several observers of the
process reiterate that Boyd's competitive personality, dogged
fixation, and pugnacious style became his own worst enemy. So some of
Boyd's ideas were carried forward successfully by others. He didn't
mind, and neither did they. The final product was better for the
effort, and that is what counted in the long run.

... snip ...

It wasn't unusual to find some pulling 48hr shifts because they were
lost in what was being done. Our conferences still require rooms that
are opened around the clock (24hrs/day).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Mar 2017 17:04:32 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#70 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

more on the enormous outsourcing that occurred last decade

Why does WikiLeaks keep publishing U.S. state secrets? Private
contractors. By outsourcing key intelligence work, the government has
made classified material more vulnerable.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2017/03/16/the-reason-wikileaks-receives-so-many-u-s-state-secrets-private-contractors/

The crux of the problem may be privatized intelligence itself. That's
the view of veteran intelligence reporter Edward Epstein in his
contentious but informative new book, "How America Lost Its Secrets."

... snip ...

the above article glosses over security clearances had also been
outsourced and was found to not be done to required standards.

Former CEO of IBM last century ... leaves to become head of one of the
large private-equity companies that acquires the beltway bandit that
will employ Snowden. One of the issues is that government contractors
(and beltway bandits) can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby
congress (recent convictions for some contractors involved in Hanford
cleanup) ... however private-equity companies can lobby on behalf of
their owned companies (70% of budget and over half of the people).
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and futher contributes to the rapidly spreading success of failure
culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

so major part of the enormous outsourcing that went on last decade
... is the enormous lobbying of congress. A counter folklore
justification was that cyber & dataprocessing competitive salaries had
increased to point that it would place thousands more people at grade
requiring congressional approval. It would be easier to approve large
number of contract appropriations (which would also result in large
amounts spent on congressional lobbying) rather than figuring out how to
deal with the congressional approval needed for all those gov employees
(that would have consumed all congressional hours).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 18:09:37 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#60 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#61 [EXTERNAL] ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#67 Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#69 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#70 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#75 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

latest in the theme

Why does WikiLeaks keep publishing U.S. state secrets? Private
contractors. By outsourcing key intelligence work, the government has
made classified material more vulnerable.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2017/03/16/the-reason-wikileaks-receives-so-many-u-s-state-secrets-private-contractors/

The crux of the problem may be privatized intelligence itself. That's
the view of veteran intelligence reporter Edward Epstein in his
contentious but informative new book, "How America Lost Its Secrets."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
Date: 20 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on
the businesses that hire them
http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-immigration-employers-20170320-story.html

this talks about chamber of commerce lobbying congress heavily after
the turn of the century on behalf of businesses employing illegal
workers:
https://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

Early 90s, AMEX spins off a lot of its (large part mainframe)
dataprocessing as FDC in the largest IPO up until that time. Mid-90s,
FDC and First Financial were in competition to acquire Western Union;
FDC drops out because WU financials weren't very good. Later in the
90s, FDC & First Financial merge ... FDC has divest MoneyGram as
part of the merger, WU financials are still poor. However after the
turn of the century there was huge explosion in illegal workers
sending paychecks home and by 2005, WU earnings was half of FDC bottom
line. At that point, WU is spun off. Contributing factor may have been
the President of Mexico inviting FDC executives to Mexico to be thrown
in jail.

past "chamber of commerce" refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A 40-year 'conspiracy' at the VA; The Department of Veterans Affairs built perhaps the most important medical computer system in history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A 40-year 'conspiracy' at the VA; The Department of Veterans Affairs built perhaps the most important medical computer system in history
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 09:47:28 -0700

A 40-year 'conspiracy' at the VA; The Department of Veterans Affairs
built perhaps the most important medical computer system in history. Now
it's about to spend billions to throw it away.
http://www.politico.com/agenda/story/2017/03/vista-computer-history-va-conspiracy-000367

Its birth occurred in 1977, far back in the era of paper medical
records, with a pair of computer nerds from the National Bureau of
Standards. Ted O'Neill and Marty Johnson had helped standardize a
computer language, originally developed at Massachusetts General
Hospital, called MUMPS, and the two men were hired by the VA to see
whether MUMPS could be the basis of a new computer system connecting the
VA's hospitals. Computerizing the one-on-one art of medical care seemed
like a sacrilege at the time, but the VA, struggling with casualties of
the Vietnam War, was underfunded, disorganized and needed all the help
it could get.

... snip ...

there have been a whole slew of failed billion dollar "modernization"
efforts over the decades ... all part of success of failure culture
permeating the federal government
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

recent posts mentioning talking to lead VA staffer on the hill about the
medical computer system:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#12 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches

Success of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
Date: 22 Mar 2017
Blog: Facebook

An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

Related to F16 .... Fly-By-Wire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire

Analog computers also allowed some customization of flight control
characteristics, including relaxed stability. This was exploited by
the early versions of F-16, giving it impressive maneuverability.

Relaxed Stability
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability
and Negative Stability
https://www.quora.com/What-is-negative-stability-in-F16-fighter

The static stability of a system is defined by the initial tendency to
return to equilibrium conditions following some disturbance from
equilibrium. If an object [aircraft] is disturbed from equilibrium and
has the tendency to return to equilibrium, positive static stability
exists.

"If the object [aircraft] has a tendency to continue in the direction
of disturbance, negative static stability, or static instability
exists." (Aerodynamics for Naval Aviators)

The initial tendency to continue in the displacement direction is
evidence of static instability and the increasing amplitude is proof
of dynamic instability.

... snip ...

Equilibrium is a state of a system which does not change.
https://www.ma.utexas.edu/users/davis/375/popecol/lec9/equilib.html

simple
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonlinear_system

In physical sciences, a nonlinear system is a system in which the
change of the output is not proportional to the change of the
input.[1] Nonlinear problems are of interest to engineers,
physicists[2] and mathematicians and many other scientists because
most systems are inherently nonlinear in nature[citation
needed]. Nonlinear systems may appear chaotic, unpredictable or
counterintuitive, contrasting with the much simpler linear systems.

Do we think differently? Linear vs. Non-linear thinking
http://chuckslamp.com/index.php/2009/04/11/non-linearthinking/

Linear Thinking is defined as: a process of thought following known
cycles or step-by-step progression where a response to a step must be
elicited before another step is taken.

... snip ...

in briefings Boyd would emphasize that observations be made from every
possible facet (as countermeasure to orientation bias ... but also
construed for sequential linear bias) ... as well as all parts of OODA
operated continuously (not stepwise sequential)

postings &/or web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Great mainframe history(?)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Great mainframe history(?)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Mar 2017 21:24:04 -0700

mainframe history from couple years ago, recently posted to mainframe
mailing list
http://www.cs.niu.edu/aboutus/Dan%20GreinerIBM.ppt

Between 360 and 370 there was ACS/360 ... that was killed w/o ever being
announced (executives thought it might advance state-of-the-art too fast
and company might loose control of the market)
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Old discussion about justification for all 370s moving to dynamic
address translation (virtual memory). Problem was that MVT storage
management was so bad, regions had to be four times larger than normally
used (standard 370/165 1mbyte configurations only can practically run
four regions). Moving to dynamic address, MVT could increase number
regions by four times with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

During Future System program (which was going to completely different
from 370 and going to replace 370) internal politics was killing off 370
efforts; the lack of 370 products during FS period is credited with
giving clone processor makers a market foothold. With the death of FS,
there was mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline. 3033 and
3081 were kicked off in parallel. some detailed references on FS, 3033,
and 3081
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
some FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The head of POK also managed to convince corporate to kill off vm370
product, shutdown the vm370 development group and transfer all the
people to POK (or otherwise they weren't going to be able to ship MVS/XA
on time some 7-8yrs later). They weren't going to tell the vm370 until
the very last minute to minimize the number of people that might
escape. Somehow the information leaked early and number of the people
managed to find other employment in the Boston area (joke that head of
POK was one of the major contributors to the new DEC VAX/VMS
project). Endicott did manage to save the vm370 product mission but had
to reconstitute a development from scratch. During this period there was
customer comments about VM370 code quality on VMSHARE
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

There were some of the original VM370 that went to POK that did work on
the tool virtual machine facility in support of MVS/XA development that
was never intended to be made available to customers. Later when
customers weren't migrating to MVS/XA as expected, there was decision to
release the tool as the migration aid. As part of the tool, there was
SIE (interpretive execution) microcode. SIE was never intended to be
production performance, in part because there was insufficent room for
the microcode, so it had to be swapped in and out. Old email discussion
that for 3090 SIE was designed to be some real production operation
(compared to 3081).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

old email about Amdahl's hypervisor, I had done a lot of work on
Endicott's ECPS microcode assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21
and gave presentations on the implementation at monthly user group
meetings. Amdahl would talk to me about their hypervisor implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#email801121

a number of yrs later IBM responds to hypervisor with PR/SM for 3090;
3090 announce 12Feb1985
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

3090 service processor (3092) was originally to be a 4331 running
customized version of vm370 release 6 with all service screens done in
CMS IOS3270. The service processor was then enhanced to a pair of
redundant 4361s ... which also explains the requirement for pair of 3370
FBA devices.

Other trivia, original sql/relational (System/R) was done in bldg28 on
vm370 370/145. The official followon new corporate DBMS was EAGLE. While
company was preoccupied with EAGLE, was able to do technology transfer
to Endicott for release as SQL/DS. When EAGLE finally implodes, a
request is made about how long it would take to port to MVS which is
eventually announced as DB2 originally for decision support only. Lots
of history at the System/R reunion site
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/
initial release 1983
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_DB2
old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Mar 2017 08:56:35 -0700

also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#80 Great mainframe history(?)

Between 360 and 370 there was ACS/360 ... that was killed w/o ever
being announced (executives thought it might advance state-of-the-art
too fast and company might loose control of the market). note
discussion that some of the ACS/360 features show up more than 20yrs
later with es/9000
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Old discussion about justification for all 370s moving to dynamic
address translation. Problem was that MVT storage management was so
bad, regions had to be four times larger than normally used (standard
370/165 1mbyte configurations only can practically run four
regions). Moving to virtual memory, MVT could increase number regions
by four times with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

During Future System program (which was going to be completely
different from 370 and going to replace 370) internal politics was
killing off 370 efforts; the lack of 370 products during FS period is
credited with giving clone processor makers a market foothold. With
the death of FS, there was mad rush to get products back into the 370
pipeline. 3033 and 3081 were kicked off in parallel. some detailed
references on FS, 3033, and 3081
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

303x external channels (channel director) was 158 engine with
integrated channel microcode (and no 370 microcode). 3033 started out
as 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips. 3032 was 168-3 with new
covers and using channel director. 3031 was 158 engine with just 370
microcode (and no integrated channel microcode) and 2nd 158 engine
with integrated channel microcode (and no 370 microcode) ... a 3031MP
was four 158 engines ...  two dedicated for processors and two
dedicated for channel directors.

The head of POK also managed to convince corporate to kill off vm370
product, shutdown the vm370 development group and transfer all the
people to POK (or otherwise they weren't going to be able to ship
MVS/XA on time some 7-8yrs later). They weren't going to tell the
vm370 until the very last minute to minimize the number of people that
might escape. Somehow the information leaked early and number of the
people managed to find other employment in the Boston area (joke that
head of POK was one of the major contributors to the new DEC VAX/VMS
project). Endicott did manage to save the vm370 product mission but
had to reconstitute a development from scratch. During this period
there was customer comments about VM370 code quality on VMSHARE
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

There were some of the original VM370 that went to POK that did work
on the tool virtual machine facility in support of MVS/XA development
that was never intended to be made available to customers. Later when
customers weren't migrating to MVS/XA as planned, there was decision
to release the tool as the migration aid. As part of the tool, there
was SIE (interpretive execution) microcode. SIE was never intended to
be production performance, in part because there was insufficent room
for the microcode, so it had to be swapped in and out. Old email
discussion that for 3090 SIE was designed to be some real production
operation (compared to 3081).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

old email about Amdahl's hypervisor, I had done a lot of work on
Endicott's ECPS microcode assist and gave presentations on the
implementation at monthly user group meetings.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21
Amdahl would talk to me about their hypervisor implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#email801121

a number of yrs later IBM responds to hypervisor with PR/SM for 3090;
3090 announce 12Feb1985
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

3090 service processor (3092) was originally to be a 4331 running
customized version of vm370 release 6 with all service screens done in
CMS IOS3270. The service processor was then enhanced to a pair of
redundant 4361s ... which also explains the requirement for pair of
3370 FBA devices (even for MVS customers, which has never supported
FBA devices). CKD devices are still being required, even tho no real
CKD devices have been made for decades ... simulated on industry
standard fixed-block.

Other trivia, original sql/relational (System/R) was done in bldg28 on
vm370 370/145. The official followon new corporate DBMS was
EAGLE. While company was preoccupied with EAGLE, was able to do
technology transfer to Endicott for release as SQL/DS. When EAGLE
finally implodes, a request is made about how long it would take to
port to MVS which is eventually announced as DB2 ... originally for
decision support only. Lots of history at the System/R reunion site
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/
initial release 1983
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_DB2
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

other trivia ... before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before doing cp/m, kildall worked with cp/67 (precursor to vm370) at npg
school
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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