List of Archived Posts

2014 Newsgroup Postings (01/18 - 02/05)

Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Royal Pardon For Turing
Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
Royal Pardon for credit unions
Royal Pardon for credit unions
Royal Pardon For Turing
An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
OODA
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Can America Win Wars
Resistance to Java
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon for credit unions
Resistance to Java
Royal Pardon For Turing
Resistance to Java
Resistance to Java
IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon for credit unions
Royal Pardon For Turing
UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
write rings
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Royal Pardon For Turing
Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
Royal Pardon For Turing
Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
Why is the US a decade behind Europe on 'chip and pin' cards?
Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
In the palm of your hand?
Royal Pardon For Turing
CPU time
Shocking news: Execs do what they're paid to do
CPU time
CPU time
CPU time
CPU time
CPU time
CPU time
Can America Win Wars?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer
Royal Pardon For Turing
Can America Win Wars?
Royal Pardon For Turing
write rings
Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Where does the term Wild Duck come from?
How to groom a leader?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
CPU time
CPU time
Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
Royal Pardon For Turing

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jan 2014 01:03:02 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601109&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

from above:

That same year Greenspan, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt opposed an attempt by Brooksley Born, head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, to study regulating over-the-counter derivatives. In 2000, Congress passed a law keeping them unregulated.

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing

Greenspan was sleeping as too big to fail were piling on toxic assets off-book ... there was still $5.2T the end of 2008 at just the four largest too big to fail (enough to declare the institutions insolvent and force their liquidation)
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home
that had been going for 22cents on the dollar (would be total loss of a little over $4T) ... one 22cents reference (but there was also $60B toxic asset sale by citibank to pimco at 22cents on the dollar before ye2008)
http://online.barrons.com/article/SB121763136297705935.html

posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Gerstner is in competition to be future CEO of Amex. The looser leaves, taking his protege Jamie Dimon and they go to Baltimore and acquire what has been described as loan sharking business. They make some number of other acquisitions and eventually acquire Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby washington for repeal of Glass-Steagall (creating too big to fail). Besides critical role of Gramm (in GLBA) ... there is also Robert Rubin and others. With repeal of Glass-Steagall assured, Rubin resigns and becomes co-CEO of Citibank. Jamie Dimon leaves and then becomes CEO of JPMorgon.

past posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

as aside, I once met Rubin at financial industry critical infrastructure meeting in the white house annex while he was still treasury sec.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_Infrastructure_Protection

Former Treasury Secretary to Help Lead Citigroup Finance: Robert E. Rubin will join the firm's chairmen and co-CEOs in an unusual power-sharing arrangement.
http://articles.latimes.com/1999/oct/27/business/fi-26680

GLBA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Rubin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin

in the top 25 of time's list of those responsible, ceo of citibank
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877329,00.html

above lists citi as the biggest problem bank ... in part because citi had the largest share of the $5.2T in toxic assets still held off-book at the end of 2008 ... and the gov. has spent much more than what is listed in the article.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jan 2014 10:23:55 -0500
"2671" <2671@gmail.com> writes:
They knew nothing of the sort and in fact justified those ratings using that line about the minimal default rate.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing

in the OCT2008 congressional hearings into the role that rating agencies played in the problem they had testimony from various people that the people in the rating agencies were being paid to give triple-A and knew they weren't worth triple-A (and people paying them knew they weren't worth triple-A ratings) ... including people from other departments at the rating agencies that had previously alerted what was going on (and their warnings ignored)

tv news covering the congressional hearings would even make cynical comments that the rating agencies would be able to avoid federal prosecution by threatening to downgrade the US gov. credit rating.

one of the (print) news coverage from the hearings
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2008/10/22/rating-agencies-draw-fire-capitol-hill/

Then the muni-bond market froze as investers realized that they possibly aren't able to trust any rating ... which prompted Warren Buffett's insurance to unfreeze the muni-market.

Earlier sarbanes-oxley had required SEC to do something about rating agencies ... but as seen by GAO reports showing that the major focus of SOX ... fraudulent financial reports ... they not only continued, but were even increasing ... and SEC doing nothing ... the only thing that I could find that SEC did in response was this report
http://www.sec.gov/news/studies/credratingreport0103.pdf

and any expectation that congress was willing to do something ... in response to the Oct2008 hearings or any of the other investigations ... were sort of exemplified in spring2009 when I was told to not bother with the work on Pecora hearings because of the massive amounts of wallstreet money that was blanketing capital hill.

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
posts mentioning fraudulent financial reporting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
posts mentioning Pecora hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jan 2014 10:47:53 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing

other testimony in the Oct2008 hearings was that the rating agency business model had become mis-aligned in the early 70s when they switched from the buyers paying for the rating to the sellers paying for the ratings (aka the rating agencies interests were not alighned with the buyers relying on the ratings ... but were aligned with the sellers paying for the ratings) ... creating environment for conflict of interest.

one of the original virtual machine online service bureaus shows up in this. I've referenced in the past that they were briefly mentioned in jan2009 in news reports when there was still some fiction that TARP funds would be used to purchase the off-book toxic assets ... and using this company to help value the toxic assets.

both of the original virtual machine online service bureaus had fairly quickly moved up value stream and started offerring financial information and other services targeting the financial industry. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

in the case of this particular company ... they bought the "pricing services" division from one of the rating agencies in 1972 ... which corresponds to the reports about rating agency business model became mis-aligned (implying the rating agencies no longer felt they needed to "price" products that they were rating). disclaimer: I had interviewed with this company when I was getting ready to graduate ... but went to the science center instead ... however, I continued to have lots of interactions with people at the company. posts referencing science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Here are posts from Jan2009 mentioning IDC buying "pricing services" division from one of the rating agencies in 1972 ... and there was TV business news show earlier in the month mentioning that IDC was helping price the toxic assets that gov. was looking at buying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#21
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#31
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#32

I continue to see some number of the people from this company ... one is mentioned in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#21 CTSS DITTO

having contacted me about some additional history information about lineage for article on HTML5 ... he had been at IDC and then went on to be one of the people responsible for visicalc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jan 2014 14:51:51 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#2 Royal Pardon For Turing

the testimony in congress was specific that other people in the rating agencies were raising warnings that they were giving out triple-A ratings for products that it was known that they weren't worth triple-A ... at the time it was being done and well before anything hit the fan ... even the quotes in the nytimes and other articles from the period captures that fact.

the #1 on time's list of those responsible was especially egregious in production of toxic CDOs and paying the rating agencies for triple-A (when both institutions knew they weren't worth triple-A).
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

other testimony was that the rating agencies were also being gamed by the sellers threatening to take their business to other rating agencies unless they got the triple-A rating they wanted.

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

in several accounts about litigation since then, one of the scenarios is rewriting history ... including "captured" economists.

reference to economist being paid to testify on behalf of the institution that was especially egregious in production of the triple-A rated toxic CDOs.

Glenn Hubbard, Leading Academic and Mitt Romney Advisor, Took 1200 an Hour to Be Countrywide's Expert Witness
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/glenn-hubbard-leading-academic-and-mitt-romney-advisor-took-1200-an-hour-to-be-countrywides-expert-witness-20121220

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

and

"Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards" goes into the capture of economists in more detail
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc72-74:
"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

... and loc957-62:
The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.

... snip ..

this has resurfaced recently

Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/28/business/academics-who-defend-wall-st-reap-reward.html

other recent:

Noam Chomsky: We're no longer a functioning democracy, we're really a plutocracy
http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2013/12/27/noam-chomsky-were-no-longer-a-functioning-democracy-were-really-a-plutocracy/
World Bank a security risk to the world order?
http://www.larsschall.com/2013/05/08/governance-issues-at-the-world-bank-a-security-risk-to-the-world-order/

some older reference:

The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street; Academics get paid by financial firms to testify against Dodd-Frank regulations. What's wrong with this picture?
http://www.thenation.com/article/176809/scholars-who-shill-wall-street

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jan 2014 10:08:54 -0500
IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/16/ibm-plans-big-spending-for-the-cloud/?src=recg

One of many Google megadatacenters is over $1.5B

In Iowa, A Field Becomes a Billion-Dollar Google Server Farm
http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2013/12/02/in-iowa-a-field-becomes-a-huge-google-server-farm/

Facebook also has $1.5B in Iowa (also one of many)
http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/2013/04/facebook-iowa-2014/

Trivia ... in the mid-80s Enrico Clementi (different from IBM cloud Erich) ran a E&S center in Kingston (separate and different from the supercomputer group in Kingston). It had a bunch of FPS boxes. I was working with the guy that ran Clementi's E&S datacenter to put in 1.5mbit T1 link (he had previously been in Boulder where we put in a 1.5mbit T1 there)

Old post referencing that in 1986, the E&S center had 20 x64 FPS boxes with peak processing of 1.5gflop ... FPS boxes included 40mbyte/sec RAID disks.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61

we were also working with NSF and the NSF supercomputer centers and were suppose to get $20M to tie together the centers. Then congress cut the budget and some number of other things happened. Eventually NSF came out with RFP but internal politics prevented us from bidding. The director of NSF tried to help by writing the company a letter, copying the CEO, but that just made the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all RFP responses). The "winning" bid puts in 440kbit links (not 1.5mbit T1 called for in the RFP, RFP specified T1 links in part because we already were running T1 internally). This morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet. some old NSFNET related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

This also morphs into the basis for grid (and cloud) computing:
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

IBM Los Gatos VLSI lab had developed the LSM ... that ran logic simulation at 50,000 times faster than 168 (as part of chip development). Later an EVE was put into bldg.86 computer room (disk enginneering termporary offsite bldg while bldg. 14 got seismic retrofit) ... also a logic simulation engine. We had a T1 link from Austin to Los Gatos ... and a T1 tail-circuit from Los Gatos to bldg. 86. Daily turn-around of RIOS (RS/6000 risc chip set) design on LSM and EVE (over the T1 links) is credited with helping bring in RIOS a year early. past posts mentioning 801, risc, illiad, ROMP, RIOS, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

past posts mentioning internal "high-speed data transport" project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

slightly related ... original IBM mainframe tcp/ip product was implemented in vs/pascal and ran about 44kbytes/sec using nearly 3090 processor. I did the changes to support RFC10444 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research got sustained channel thruput (about 1mbyte/sec) between 4341 and cray, using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

other past posts mentioning FPS boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#5 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#56 Why SMP at all anymore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#32 Imitation...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#25 ESCON Data Transfer Rate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#31 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#12 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#68 IBM zSeries in HPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#20 360 Microde Floating Point Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#4 The Power of the NORC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#1 harris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#54 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#72 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#61 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#36 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#28 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#41 A History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#44 What Makes code storage management so cool?

past posts mentioning LSM:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#3 Chip Emulators - was How does a chip get designed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#77 Pipelining in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#82 Future architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#26 LSM, YSE, & EVE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#44 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#31 asynchronous CPUs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#14 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#38 When nerds were nerds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#16 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#65 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#6 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#33 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#17 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#42 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#11 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#20 real core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#73 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#61 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#58 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#61 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#22 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#67 1401 simulator for OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#68 CA to IBM TCP Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#68 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#63 What happened to computer architecture (and comp.arch?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#71 using an FPGA to emulate a vintage computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#83 Notes on two presentations by Gordon Bell ca. 1998
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#52 Basic question about CPU instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#81 Nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jan 2014 13:54:39 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
IBM Los Gatos VLSI lab had developed the LSM ... that ran logic simulation at 50,000 times faster than 168 (as part of chip development). Later there an EVE was put into bldg.86 computer room (disk enginneering termporary offsite bldg while bldg. 14 got seismic retrofit) ... also a logic simulation engine. We had a T1 link from Austin to Los Gatos ... and a T1 tail-circuit from Los Gatos to bldg. 86. Daily turn-around of RIOS (RS/6000 risc chip set) design on LSM and EVE (over the T1 links) is credited with helping bring in RIOS a year early. past posts mentioning 801, risc, illiad, ROMP, RIOS, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)

logic simulation/verification for chip design predate chips getting too big to handle this way ... and this mention of genetic algorithms mid-90s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

one of the first HSDT was the channel extender support done originally in 1980 ... recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

I mentioned that the vendor tried to get IBM to release my channel-extender software so it could be shipped to customers. However, there was a group in POK that had been playing with some serial stuff that managed to block the approval .... they were afraid if it was in the market, it would affect justification for releasing their stuff. Note that it wasn't until a decade later that they managed to get their stuff released as ESCON in 1990 with ES/9000. However, by that time it was already obsolete ... getting only 17mbytes/sec throughput. some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#78 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#94 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#96 SHARE Blog: News Flash: The Mainframe (Still) Isn't Dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#73 "Death of the mainframe"

big motivation for LLNL for their serial stuff (I got asked in 1988 to help them get it standardized) is the upswing in RAID disks with multi-score mbyte transfer rates (even FPS boxes in 1986 with 40mbyte/sec). FCS initially comes out with 2gbit/sec aggregte, 1gbit/sec concurrent in each direction. recent refs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#73 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jan 2014 14:24:07 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
And I was contacted by the brokers I used in New York and warned about the housing sector going into a bubble. That was in late 2002. They, nor I, expected this to have the scale it had. But we saw the bubble forming then.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing

I've posted before piece of article about somebody in 2003 warning in their annual report that process of immediately selling off loans (using triple-a rated securitized process to "gullible" investors) would come to a bad end ... since the people making the loans no longer had to care about the loan quality or borrowers' qualifications. The article describes wallstreet hammering his stock afterwards with shorts ... apparently trying to punish him for the observation (that URL gone 404)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#68 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)

"The Man Who Beat The Shorts", from article:
Watsa's only sin was in being a little too early with his prediction that the era of credit expansion would end badly. This is what he said in Fairfax's 2003 annual report: "It seems to us that securitization eliminates the incentive for the originator of [a] loan to be credit sensitive. Prior to securitization, the dealer would be very concerned about who was given credit to buy an automobile. With securitization, the dealer (almost) does not care."

... snip ...

the original URL "www.forbes.com/finance/global/2008/1124/042.html" but there is still this URL (which includes some of the same at the end)
http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2008/1117/114.html

wallstreet likes it because it reroutes mortgage transactions through their process where they can skim enormous commissions and fees ... over $27T done durring the bubble ... claims to have been major factor in wallstreet tripling in size, as percent of GDP, during the bubble. However, people on wallstreet were also helping package triple-A rated CDOs specifically designed to fail, selling them to their customers, and then taking out CDS bets that they would fail. posts referencing toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

So not only did a lot of people know that really bad stuff was going on ... some of them were even making the situation worse and profiting on it with CDS bets (taking advantage of being able to pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings ... not only that the parties knew weren't triple-A ... but also had been specifically constructed not to be worth triple-A). Discussion about Paulson designed triple-A rated toxic CDOs to fail (in conjunction with Goldman Sachs) and then struck it really big on his CDS bets that they would fail
http://www.rooseveltinstitute.org/new-roosevelt/bill-black-interview-great-global-bank-robbery-part-2

from above:
The SEC complaint says that Goldman therefore defrauded its own customers by representing to them that the CDO was "selected by ACA Management."

... snip ...

a couple past posts mentioning the Abacus scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#32 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#68 Our Pecora Moment

posts mentioning article (gone 404) about securitizing was going to end badly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#69 if you are an powerful financial regulator , how would you have stopped the credit crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#36 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#64 Is This a Different Kind of Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#67 What is securitization and why are people wary of it ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#9 Blind-sided, again. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#18 What next? from where would the Banks be hit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#55 Is this the story behind the crunchy credit stuff?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#14 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#42 Lets play Blame Game...?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#52 The Credit Crunch: Why it happened?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#73 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#1 Are Both The U.S. & UK on the brink of debt disaster?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#37 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#52 What has the Global Financial Crisis taught the Nations, it's Governments and Decision Makers, and how should they apply that knowledge to manage risks differently in the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#73 What can we learn from the meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#78 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#61 Accounting for the "greed factor"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#37 NEW SEC (Enforcement) MANUAL, A welcome addition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#31 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#49 IBM to Build Europe, Asia 'Smart Infrastructure'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#34 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#48 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#58 S.E.C. Moves to Tighten Rules on Bonds Backed by Consumer Loans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#48 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#77 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#55 U.S. Sues Wells Fargo, Accusing It of Lying About Mortgages

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jan 2014 14:51:06 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Discussion about Paulson designed triple-A rated toxic CDOs to fail (in conjunction with Goldman Sachs) and then struck it really big on his CDS bets that they would fail
http://www.rooseveltinstitute.org/new-roosevelt/bill-black-interview-great-global-bank-robbery-part-2


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#6 Royal pardon For Turing

the other Paulson, secretary of treasury Paulson (and former head of Goldman) also gets into the act ... eliminating the fiction that TARP funds would be used to by toxic assets ... it is being "loaned" to too big to fail ... including AIG.

Previous posts references one of Gramm's favors (also #2 responsible for the was keeping CDS from being regulated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
#2 on times list ... doesn't mention the ENRON part ... but does mention the lack of CDS regulation has resulted in $150B to AIG so far
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

However, AIG was in the process of negoatiating to payoff CDS bets at 50-60 cents on the dollar. Sec. of treasury Paulson steps in and says that AIG legally has to pay off at 100cents on the dollar and forces it to take TARP funds ... as well as forcing AIG to sign an aggreement that includes a clause that it can't sue any of the entities that it is paying off (at 100cents on the dollar). Oh, and the major recipient of AIG CDS money just happens to be Goldman (who Paulson had previously been head of). past posts mentioning AIG payouts.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#74 Why is everyone talking about AIG bonuses of millions and keeping their mouth shut on billions sent to foreign banks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#71 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#81 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#2 Big Bonuses At Goldman Should Be Applauded, Not Criticized
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#31 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#32 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#40 Delinquent Homeowners to Get Mortgage Aid from Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#76 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#77 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#70 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#18 U.S. Treasury, AIG are poised to sever ties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#51 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#21 AIG may join bailout lawsuit against U.S. government

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jan 2014 16:17:46 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
However, AIG was in the process of negoatiating to payoff CDS bets at 50-60 cents on the dollar. Sec. of treasury Paulson steps in and says that AIG legally has to pay off at 100cents on the dollar and forces it to take TARP funds ... as well as forcing AIG to sign an aggreement that includes a clause that it can't sue any of the entities that it is paying off (at 100cents on the dollar). Oh, and the major recipient of AIG CDS money just happens to be Goldman (who Paulson had previously been head of). past posts mentioning AIG payouts.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#7 Royal Pardon For Turing

and before Paulson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Paulson

Rubin had runGoldman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin

before he became sec. of treasury
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing

part of the reason that Treasury started to be called Goldman's branch office in washington ... that and all the former goldman employees they brought into washington.

While Geithner was at fed in ny (not goldman)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Geithner

but above refers to him as Rubin protege ... in part based on his earlier time in treasury under rubin.

this reference to Treasury being Goldman's branch office in washington (really long with lots of gory detail about Goldman/Treasury practices):

AIG: Collusion Of Epic Proportions Between Goldman's US Treasury Branch And Goldman Sachs Proper
http://www.zerohedge.com/article/aig-collusion-epic-proportions-between-goldmans-us-treasury-branch-and-goldman-sachs-proper

from above:
How Paulson's People Colluded With Goldman To Destroy AIG And Get A Backdoor Bailout

Too Big To Fail
http://www.amazon.com/Too-Big-Fail-Inside-Battle-ebook/dp/B003XQEVUI/

is revelatory, though not in the way Andrew Ross Sorkin intended. The book offers startling evidence that Hank Paulson and his deputies colluded with Goldman to create a liquidity crisis at AIG, and to manipulate the government funding a backdoor bailout of AIG's CDO counterparties, most notably Goldman. It's not that Sorkin's sources recounted the truth. Quite the opposite. Rather, they told him stories that were so transparently dishonest that the truth emerges by way of negative implication.


... and
Later, around the time Tim Geithner was brought in to settle the CDO matter, Goldman pulled another stunt to make it appear as if its CDO exposure to AIG was smaller than it actually was. The transaction is alluded to in a couple of obfuscatory paragraphs (pages 16 and 17) in Neil Barofsky's SIGTARP report

... snip ....

past posts reference treasury being goldman's branch office
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#81 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#19 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#4 Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#30 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#63 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#71 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

Current sec. treasury
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Lew
and also another Rubin pick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#5 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
references
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323384604578324442830547044.html

from above
Mr. Rubin was Mr. Lew's patron at the bank. Mr. Lew's contract suggests that Citi knew from the start that Mr. Lew was headed back to a powerful job in Washington, and that it wanted him to remember the bank fondly when he left.

... snip ...

other recent posts mentioning current sec. treasury
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#13 Jack Lew Shows His True Colors By Forcing Deregulation of Derivatives on the CFTC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#16 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#71 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#13 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 20:48:56 -0500
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
Under the Clinton budget deal the debt was being paid down; the Republ;icaqns put the kibosh on that.

there was cbo report in 2010 that there had been reduction of $6T in tax revenues and increase of $6T in spending for a $12T budget gap (most occuring after congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire in 2002) ... compared to baseline ... which had all federal debt retired by 2010.

included in the $6T increase in spending was little over $2T for DOD, $1+T for the two wars and another $1+T that couldn't account for.

posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

regarding the military industrial complex, posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

It has been pointed out that the claimed disastrous reductions in DOD budget has it reverting to 2007 level ... when war spending was at its peak. Recent article about some of DOD budget process by one of Boyd's "acolytes"

Defense Spending: Putting Toys Before Boys
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/01/17/defense-spending-putting-toys-before-boys/

in the past I've referenced this by the same person
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

in conjunction with the spreading Success of Failure culture in beltway bandits and gov. contractors
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

that they've possibly have been using gaming technology to investigate maximizing revenue and quarterly profits. for instance it has been periodically pointed out that it isn't in their interest to have early decisive victory (like 1st round knock-out).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 08:32:22 -0500
Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front; As an admirer of the Mac from its early days, working in IT support instilled some frustration as well.
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012014-mac-marco-277835.html

mentioned a number of times, my brother was apple regional marketing rep and i could go to business dinners periodically with him when he came into town ... even arguing mac design with mac developers (before mac was announced).

How the Mac made a hacker out of me
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012014-mac-zeus-277848.html
Mac and Windows compatibility through the decades
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012014-mac-paul-277834.html
The accidental Mac user
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012014-mac-shaw-277833.html
Macs revolutionized desktop publishing
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012014-macs-newman-277742.html
Apple's Mac: the Post-PC PC?
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012114-apple-mac-277845.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:34:42 -0500
Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:
And your opinion of what they should have done is... ?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#10 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

at the time there was little software ... but they were adamant that it would only be used on the kitchen table. I argued that they needed (business) terminal emulation to get sales ... but they were against anything that smacked of business. I've claimed that one of the things that help save it was when (business) desktop publishing came along (and they could sort of pretend that didn't involve business).

trivia ... at the time apple ran its business on ibm system/38 ... my brother figured out how to login remotely with apple/ii into the s/38 to track manufacturing schedules and deliveries.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 12:16:25 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
At an Osilomar conference a few months before the first mac was released apple brought two prototype macs down for comment and set them up. The Osilomar conference is an annual no holds barred conference on innovation. The first attendee sat down to a mac and poof 10 seconds later it was dead. The apple guy said what did you do? He reached over to the second machine and dragged the operating system into the garbage can.

Cupportino was less then 100 miles away and both systems were reloaded and returned by morning.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#10 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#11 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

at hackers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hackers_Conference

... in the 80s the silicon valley culture was somewhat different ... people would still bring unannounced corporate products for people to play with ... including at various times apple stuff.

i've gotten into habit of stopping by and staying at asilomar for couple days after hackers ... long after moving out of the bay area.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 12:31:46 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Yup. Fees are regulated. You get screwed no matter which bank you use. So far, having minimum balances will waiver fees but those waivers will go away as more banks get fined.

part of the issue in glass-steagall was that it kept regulated safety and soundness of gov. insured depository institutions separate from highly risky, unregulatetd activity. with repeal of glass-steagall, gave rise to the too big to fail that had the exposure that large depository institutions being taken down by highly risky and unregulated activity.

this contributed to rise of the "moral hazard" of risk takers viewing little downside in extremely risky unregulated activity ... with being able to keep all profits and the losses offloaded to the gov. and tax payers.

repeal of glass-steagall didn't create the the risky, unregulated behavior ... but it significantly contributed to "moral hazard" that there is little or no consequences, accountability, and/or downside in very risk activity.

posts mentioning glass-steagall and/or pecora hearings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#39 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#61 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#64 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#66 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#70 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#74 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#75 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#83 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#87 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#88 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#91 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#92 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#93 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#1 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#2 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#6 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#7 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#8 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 21 Jan 2014 10:42:01 -0800
zedgarhoover@GMAIL.COM (zMan) writes:
Feh. These numbers are meaningless--probably includes the salaries of every IBMer involved plus his/her dog.

And I thought Linux was the answer for IBM? Are they replacing those multi-$B Linux data centers now? Yes, I realize the Cloud could be built on Linux, and that it could also be parallel -- my point is, again, that these numbers are meaningless in isolation. The semiotics are really "IBM thinks Cloud is important, film at 11".


Ailing IBM looks to the cloud for salvation
http://www.computing.co.uk/ctg/analysis/2322936/ailing-ibm-looks-to-the-cloud-for-salvation
IBM Earnings: What's Next for Big Blue?
http://www.dailyfinance.com/2014/01/19/ibm-earnings-whats-next-for-big-blue/
Cloud Computing Seen Cutting 2014 IT Industry Sales
http://news.investors.com/technology/112113-680141-barclays-2014-outlook-cloud-slows-information-technology-growth.htm

some of this may also be PR offsetting some other news on IBM spending: Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

note the $1.2B compares with google spending over $2B per quarter on cloud datacenters
http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2013/12/02/in-iowa-a-field-becomes-a-huge-google-server-farm/

other cloud operators are investing similar amounts. One of the long-time issues is that the large cloud operators have claimed they have been assembling their own servers for 1/3rd of the price from brand named vendors (aka they view the servers as cost/expense as opposed to profit) ... and server chip manufacturers saying they now ship more chips directly to cloud operators than to brand name vendors (all of which putting lots of downward price pressure on x86 servers).

and this came up last year in stories about IBM trying to sell off its x86 server business ... and just recently resurfaced:

IBM resurrects plans to sell low-end server business
http://www.zdnet.com/ibm-resurrects-plans-to-sell-low-end-server-business-7000025344/
Dell in talks with IBM to buy Big Blue's x86 server business; After talks with Lenovo broke down last spring, IBM tries again.
http://arstechnica.com/business/2014/01/dell-in-talks-with-ibm-to-buy-big-blues-x86-server-business/
Rumor was that Dell was one of the vendors possibly doing large volume low margin server assemblies for cloud customers. IBM Revives Effort to Sell Low-End Server Business; Dell Among Those Interested in Acquiring Business With Thinner Margins
http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304757004579331232169084684

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 16:28:15 -0500
Dave <g4ugm@btinternet.com> writes:
If I was a pedantic chap I would say they don't really.... ....they emulate the basic drive but with modified geometries which have never existed as physical 3390 drives....

and real CKD DASD hasn't been manufactured for decades ... all being simulated on industry standard fixed block disks.

about the 3390 era
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3390

late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal world-wide annual communication group conference ,,, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opened with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division (which has since come to past). The description was that the communication group had corporate stragegic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and was strongly fighting off distributed and client/server computing ... trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. They had come up with a number of solutions to address the problem ... which were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

a few short years later, the company goes into the red and is reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

Part of that preparation is the disk division has been renamed "adstar" ... and bldg. 12 on the san jose plant site has been extensively remodeled to become adstar's corporate hdqtrs (which would have at least eliminated interference from the communication group).

However, prior to that, adstar was attempting to get around the communication group by investing in other companies to produce solutions (that the communication group was preventing adstar from directly producing).

one example was that NCAR had supercomputer network filesystem controlled by IBM mainframe and IBM disks all interconnected with NSC Hyperchannel ... which NCAR had spinning off as "Mesa Archival" to commercialize with Adstar funding. I was sort of the corporation expert on Hyperchannel ... so adstar asked me to periodically visit them and try to help them with their effort (supercomputer would do file request over hyperchannel to ibm mainframe, the ibm mainframe would locate file ... and if necessary stage it to disk ... and then download ibm disk channel program to hyperchannel a512 channel emulator ... and then mainframe would respond to the supercomputer ... then the supercomputer would use hyperchannel to invoke the a512 disk channel program for actual data transfer).

recent posts mentioning reference to demise of disk division and/or "baby blue" reorganization:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!

posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldg. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

posts mentioning hyperchannel &/or high-speed data transport
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

posts mentioning CKD DASD, multi-track search, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 21 Jan 2014 16:29:35 -0800
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#14 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 20:46:11 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

3390
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3390

storage calculations
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/zvm/v5r4/index.jsp?topic=/com.ibm.zvm.v54.hcpa5/hcsg0b31221.htm

3390 12pg/track, 15 tracks/cyl, 180pg/cylinder .. 737,280bytes/cylinder

3390-1 1113cyls 820mbytes 3390-2 2226cyls 1.6gbytes 3390-3 3339cyls 2.5gbytes 3390-9 10017cyl 7.4gbytes

... now they have definitions of emulated/fictional 3390s like 3390-27 & 3390-54 and such.

more 3390 calculations (full track record, as opposed to 4kbyte records) aka capacity increase with more cylinders
http://www.lascon.co.uk/hwd-3390-disks.php

3390-1 946mbytes 3390-2 1.89gbytes 3390-3 2.84gbytes 3390-9 8.51gbytes ... 3390-27 27.84gbyte 3390-54 55.68gbyte

above also mentions escon & ficon channels ... ficon posts
http://www.garlic.com/submisc.html#ficon

for random old email ... person responsible for 801/risc wants me to help him with proposal for head that handles 16+2 tracks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#email871230

recent posts mentioning above email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#103 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#58 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#60 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#3 The Big, Bad Bit Stuffers of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#80 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#41 A History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#92 Cylinder buffer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2014 21:10:08 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#17 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

oh formulae calculations (up thru 3380) from emulated green card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#26.3

3380 was high end disk and 3370 FBA was mid-range disk. The explosion in 4300 machines going out into non-datacenter was all using 3370 midrange disk. W/o ckd disk, mvs was effectively locked out of this market ... so they came out with 3375 which was ckd emulated on 3370 fba disk.

however even "real" 3380 (and later 3390) was a flavor of emulation with 32byte "cells" (track capacity calculations required rounding up size to multiple of 32).

I periodically mention being told that even if i provided MVS with fully tested and integrated FBA support ... I still had to make a $26M business case to cover documentation and training ... and I couldn't efficiency or lifecycle savings ... i could only use incremental disk sales ... and they claimed that since customers were already buying disks as fast as it could be made ... FBA support would only result in customers switching to buy the same amount of FBA (as they had been buying CKD disk).

Note in discussions about mainframe with ficon and emulated CKD disks having much lower throughput than native FCS and native fixed block (w/o the heavyweight ficon channel simulation on fcs and the ckd simuation on fixed block)

one of the people in the discussion mentioned that they were moving from VS1 with emulated CKD to native fixed-block (which is supported natively by VS1) ... and expecting to see higher throughput (but i haven't seen any actual numbers yet).

on the ficon side, ibm's peak z196 i/o benchmarks uses 104 FICON (simulated on 104 FCS) is 2M IOPS. by comparison a single FCS announce for e5-2600 claims over 1m IOPS (aka 2 such FCS beat 104 FICON).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 2014 11:01:21 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
If that's the same as "payday loans", their rates would make a loan shark blush; the one next to a shop I frequent charges 670% APR (no typo).

refers to looser to be next CEO of AMEX, leaves and takes his protege with him ... goes to baltimore and take over what is described as loan sharking business
http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/05/15/why-jamie-dimons-2-billion-gambling-loss-will-not-speed-financial-reform/

they then do some other take-overs, eventually acquiring citi in violation of glass-steagall; greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal ... post mentioning glass-steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
enabling too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

protege goes on to become head of another too big to fail ... some recent articles

JP Morgan's Frauds are Epic,Unprecedented in World History
http://usawatchdog.com/jp-morgans-frauds-are-epicunprecedented-in-world-history-william-black/
In wake of JPMorgan settlement, big banks add to defense funds
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/17/us-usa-banks-reserves-idUSBREA0G1PN20140117

there are also past articles that too big to fail facilitated "payday loan" operators by providing their funding (possibly even setting them up and taking their profits)

Bad Credit: How Payday Lenders Evade Regulation
http://www.thenation.com/article/159750/bad-credit-how-payday-lenders-evade-regulation
Bailed-Out Banks Finance Predatory Payday Lenders
http://ourfuture.org/20100916/Bailed-Out_Banks_Finance_Predatory_Payday_Lenders
Big Banks Accused Of Promoting Predatory Payday Lending
http://problembanklist.com/big-banks-accused-of-promoting-predatory-payday-lending-0194/
Bailed-Out Banks Finance Predatory Payday Lenders
http://www.commondreams.org/view/2010/09/16-10

and

Major Banks Aid in Payday Loans Banned by States
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/24/business/major-banks-aid-in-payday-loans-banned-by-states.html
Follow the Money: Payday Laundry Edition
http://www.creditslips.org/creditslips/2013/09/follow-the-money-payday-laundry-edition.html
Making 'Too Big To Fail' Banks Help Poor Borrowers
http://www.nationalmemo.com/making-too-big-to-fail-banks-help-poor-borrowers/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 2014 12:09:22 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
automobile companies have been doing it for couple decades, numbers showing they make ten times more profit off the loans for cars than they make off of building the car. airlines operating at a loss but the parent company showing a profit ... because the books show all the profit is in the subsidiary selling the tickets.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing

part of the scenario is shifting the profit to a business entity that is heavily computerized (like finance or ticketing) that would have proportionally few employees.

one of the financial gimmicks was buying an existing Utah ILC ... which had been grandfathered in the 90s and allowed to do business in other states. so for lending ... rather than getting 50 individual state charters for auto loans ... just needed to acquire an Utah ILC.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_loan_company

note that the rhetoric on the floor of congress as to the primary purpose of GLBA was that if you already had a bank charter, you got to keep it, however if you didn't have a bank charter ... you wouldn't be able to get one (targeted at eliminating new entries into banking ... specifically mentioning walmart and microsoft) ... of course now GLBA is better known for repeal of glass-steagall ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

then in the early part of the century ... there was massive publicity campaign when walmart announced it was going to buy a Utah ILC so that it could be its own acquiring bank (basically eliminating the acquring bank part of payment transaction interchange fees). Walmart accounts for 25-30% of transactions and chase is their acquiring bank.

payment fees have accounted for 40-60% of US banking bottom line ... if Walmart became its own acquiring bank ... it would represent a big hit to chase bottom line. the publicity campaign was letters were written to all the community banks to get them to contact their congressmen to oppose Walmart acquisition of the Utah ILC (which would actually have little effect on them ... just a lot of obfuscation and misdirection).

trivia: ... as part of the behind the scenes Federal Reserve bailouts ... it was giving bank charters to big investment banks (so they could feed at the federal reserve trough) ... which should have been prohibited under (the primary purpose of) GLBA.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

some past posts mentioning Utah ILCs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#36 3 of the big 4 - all doing payment systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#42 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#47 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#58 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#12 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#25 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#19 Does anyone know of merchants who have successfully bypassed interchange costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#54 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size

for other drift ... analogous to the campaign mounted to block Walmart buying a Utah ILC:

Triumphant plutocracy;
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

loc754-62
In 1872, the ring of bankers in New York sent the following circular to every bank in the United States: "Dear Sir: It is advisable to do all in your power to sustain such prominent daily and weekly newspapers, especially the agricultural and religious press, as will oppose the issuing of greenback paper money, and that you also withhold patronage or favors from all applicants who are not willing to oppose the Government issue of money. Let the Government issue the coin and the banks issue the paper money of the country, for then we can better protect each other. To repeal the law creating National Bank notes, or to restore to circu lation the Government issue of money, will be to provide the people with money, and will therefore seriously affect your individual profit as bankers and lenders. See your Congressman at once, and engage him to support our interests that we may control legislation."

... similar ...

note the above is somewhat related to past news stories about the government issuing a trillion dollar platinum coin.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 2014 12:18:38 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
We might get called in. Usually we just got a phone call and handled it from our desks unless hands-on was necessary.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#17 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

for a while, my wife and I did some stuff for a company that outsourced electronic funds transfer for federal taxes ... corporate taxes, withholding, etc ... something like 95% of all federal funds. everybody that might have access to the datacenter had to be fingerprinted and have FBI bankground check.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 2014 12:50:27 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
What would happen if someone/government bought the $1T coin they issued?

I suspect that it would be a little bit like bitcoins (which one way or another could be very real)


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing

trillion dollar coin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trillion_dollar_coin

note that the federal reserve has *printed* several trillion dollars that it used to infuse the too big to fail as part of the bailout ... and other trillions used to buy triple-A toxic CDOs being held off-book for 98cents on the dollar (when they had been going for 22cents on the dollar).

A little bitcoin from today:

Who invented the shared repository idea: Bitcoin, Boyle, and history
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001469.html

note, sometimes he even mentions Boyd & OODA-loop in his blog

he mentions having worked on crypto currency in 1995 ... about that time, we were brought in to the x9a10 financial standard working group ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

he also quotes Marc Andressson ... who was at a small client/server startup in the early 90s that we were brought in to consult becuase they wanted to do payment transactions on their server.

semi-related ... another AADS patent was issued 31Dec2013 for authentication in payment transaction ... over decade after it was applied for (and nearly a decade after we were asked to move on)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

I've mentioned before that we were working with botique patent firm and there were nearly 50 draft patents and they said it would be arorund 100 before we were done. Then some executives look at the filing cost and directed that all the claims be repackaged as 9 patents. After they were filed, the patent office came back and said they had to be repackaged in at minimum of two dozen patents ... they were getting tired of the humongous patents where the fees didn't even cover the cost of having somebody read all the claims.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 2014 14:12:22 -0500
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
I worked for a time for the largest X.509 certification authority. Their machine room was _very_ secure (as it contained a cryptographic signing box with the root private key). Aside from external building security (no windows, many cameras, motion detection technologies, and other impediments to physical access) - one needed to traverse a mantrap, possess a valid proximity card and verify two biometrics prior to being allowed access to the machine room. Employment required a background check.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#21 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

we had been brought in to small client/server to consult about doing payment transactions on their server ... they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use ... the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce" ... recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#22 Roayl Pardon For Turing

as part of it ... we had to go around and "audit" the major SSL domain nam certification authorities.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Certificate_authority
one of my questions was how would they handle spetsnaz team
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spetsnaz
fastrope from helicaptor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fast-roping

lots of scenarios are dealing with crook getting in&out undetected ... but there are also a few scenarios where a CA is destroyed and possibly have to assume all the certificates have to be revoked ... and things have to fall back to less secure processes (a play on swarming attacks where early attacks are enablers for latter attacks).

however ... also as part of the activity there was also a "payment gateway" that sat between the internet and the payment networks ... I had absolute authority over the webserver to gateway implementation (but could only make recommendations about the client to webserver implementation). I started out by mandating that there needed to be SSL symmetrical authentication (which hadn't yet been designed or written). however, by the time everything was done that digital certificates were redundant and superfluous. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#payment

originally digital certificate design point were first time communication between strangers where there wasn't any other mechanism (offline electronic mail, dialup download mail, hangup, validate first time email communication from stanger) ... sort of the letters of credit/introduction from sailing ship days. However, by the time things really started rolling, offline was an invalid assumption.

the other part was some of my recommendations for server ssl configuration for client communication were almost immediately violated ... leading to many of the exploits that continue to this day. somewhat as a resort I started referring to "merchant comfort (digital) certifcates" ... aka providing a sense of comfort with the appearance of security.

what was left was the low-end niche market segment that couldn't justify the (rapdily declining) cost of online authentication ... slippery slope going for zero cost digital certificates ... but not charging for digital certificates makes it hard to pay for all the high-level security processes.

some past posts about SSL domain name certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

the industry tried to get around all the objections by heavily lobbying for laws that mandated use of digital certificates. we were brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act ... and they were really heavily involved trying to get a digital certificate mandate written into the law ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

At one RSA show, an IBM executive (that I had known from IBM days) was escorting the CEO of a now defunct digital certificate company and wanted to introduce me. The CEO asked what I did. I told him my duty was to eliminate all digital certificates from the face of the earth.

Early SSL days, most of the CAs were happy to have us in to give blessings ... but they became less so as I became more vocal about digital certficates are redundant and superfluous.

at this conference
http://csrc.nist.gov/nissc/1998/index.html

there was panel of the major CA CTOs and me playing to packed standing room only ballroom ... afterwards I was told the body language had all the others moved down to far end of the table to get as far away from me as possible.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 22 Jan 2014 21:13:28 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing

more greenspan & rubin:

The Damage From the Housing Bubble: How Much Did the Greenspan-Rubin Gang Cost Us?
http://www.cepr.net/index.php/blogs/beat-the-press/the-damage-from-the-housing-bubble-how-much-did-the-greenspan-rubin-gang-cost-us

from above:
If we just take the dollar losses through 2013 we get $7.6 trillion, in 2013 dollars. This is just economic losses, it does not include any effort to quantify the pain that workers or their families have suffered from being unemployed or losing their homes. This comes to roughly $25,000 for every person in the country

... and
The loss over the infinite horizon due to the Greenspan-Rubin bubble would be over $140 trillion, or more than $400,000 for every man, woman, and child in the country.

... snip ...

note in the Rubin case ... goes from running Goldman to secretary of treasury to jointly running citibank (after helping ceo of citibank get glass-steagall repealed).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

at end of 2008, the four largest too big to fail are carry $5.2T in triple-A rated toxic assets off-book ... with citi carrying more than the other three. Earlier oct2008, citibank had sold $60B in toxic assets to PIMCO for 22cents on the dollar (Merril also unloaded all of its toxic assets for 22cents on the dollar, in aggregate establishing "mark-to-market" of the $5.2T toxic assets at just a little of one trillion ... for $4T loss).

now this is old post from Jan1999 which gets into the S&L crisis and other problems including Citi almost going under in the early 90s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

In the early 90s, citi realized its ARM mortgage portfolio could take the institution down ... and unloaded the mortgage portfolio, got out of the business (at the time was the largest player in the mortgage business) and required a private bailout to continue operating.

The toxic CDOS were mostly a convoluted form of an ARM mortgage portfolio ... one of the issues is what happened to the CITI mortgage institutional knowledge between the late 90s and the early part of the century (after having been taken over and run by new management).

the post also goes into some detail about the S&L bailout carried offbook and ammounted to $100k per pereson.

with repeal of glass-steagall and rise of too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

citi now has mostly unregulated risky investment banking arm ... regulators in the habit of fines for show ... but not putting anybody in jail ... in this case, in 2002 citi is fined $400M and

Did Spitzer get a little help in hanging himself?
http://news.muckety.com/2008/03/12/spitzer-falls-farther-and-faster-than-his-targets/1121

from above:
Sanford Weill, who had built Citigroup into a global financial titan, but whose final months as chief executive officer were overshadowed by Spitzer's probe into the relationships between equity research analysts and investment bankers during the internet boom years. Under a 2002 settlement with Wall Street banks, Citigroup paid a $400 million fine, and Weill was forbidden to communicate directly with his company's equity research analysts.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
Date: 22 Jan 2014
Blog: IBMers
IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

Hardware torpedoes IBM's Q4 revenue
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2089960/hardware-torpedoes-ibms-q4-revenue.html
IBM's Shares Slip After Its Q4 Revenue Falls On Weak Hardware Performance
http://techcrunch.com/2014/01/21/ibms-shares-slip-after-its-q4-revenue-falls-on-weak-hardware-performance/
Hardware torpedoes IBM's Q4 revenue
http://www.infoworld.com/d/the-industry-standard/hardware-torpedoes-ibms-q4-revenue-234708
IBM's Q4 mixed, hardware unit tanks
http://www.zdnet.com/ibms-q4-mixed-hardware-unit-tanks-7000025414/
Hardware torpedoes IBM's Q4 revenue
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9245599/Hardware_torpedoes_IBM_39_s_Q4_revenue
Hardware torpedoes IBM's Q4 revenue
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2014/012214-hardware-torpedoes-ibm39s-q4-277928.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2014 11:37:19 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Did Spitzer get a little help in hanging himself?
http://news.muckety.com/2008/03/12/spitzer-falls-farther-and-faster-than-his-targets/1121

from above:

Sanford Weill, who had built Citigroup into a global financial titan, but whose final months as chief executive officer were overshadowed by Spitzer's probe into the relationships between equity research analysts and investment bankers during the internet boom years. Under a 2002 settlement with Wall Street banks, Citigroup paid a $400 million fine, and Weill was forbidden to communicate directly with his company's equity research analysts.

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#24 Royal Pardon For Turing

a little x-over from this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#23 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

some recent news that existing tech marketing is showing signs of 1999 internet bubble ... at that time we were severely criticizing some technology (PKI) being used in various tech IPOs. one day we were in financial standards meeting hosted by large financial lobbying organization hdqtred in wash dc.

During the meeting, we were asked to step out, there was somebody there to see us. we were taken to an office and the door closed. the person introduced himself as from a NJ "family" and had been asked by some investment bankers to talk to us about stop criticizing the technology. They were expecting $2B from upcoming IPO and figured our criticism could lower that by 10% ... the visit was nothing personal ... purely business.

We then went to some LEOs to report the incident. They said they see it frequently. That investment bankers were pretty much amoral and were at the time running IPO mills ... invest a little bit ... hype it for two years and then IPO. Whatever it was, needed to fail afterwards to leave the field open for the next round of IPOs. It was pointed out that many of them had waked away unscathed from the S&L crisis and were predicted to move into mortgage market after the internet bubble bursts. Failing IPOs sound awful lot like triple-A rated toxic CDOs designed to fail after being sold to their customers ... in the CDO case, CDS bets were also being made that those CDOs (they designed to fail), would fail.

posts about toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

recent posts mentioning Abacus ... a particular notorious case of designing toxic CDO to fail, selling to their customers and making CDS bets that it would fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#32 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#68 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#6 Royal Pardon For Turing

past posts mentioning (internet) IPO mills:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#62 A mighty fortress is our PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#38 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#59 SSL digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#50 Bubble? What Bubble?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#84 A Conversation with Peter Thiel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#54 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#55 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM sells x86 server business to Levono

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Jan 2014 09:04:48 -0800
aledlhughes@AOL.COM (Aled Hughes) writes:
I've spent several hours reading news reports from far and wide about this much anticipated development. What I would like to know is, what does this now mean to IBM's core business. More importantly, what is IBM's core business? Do I detect that System z is becoming more important? Mrs Rometty has said some promising' words about 'cloud' business (referring to new data centers), which, to me, was about as clear as a... cloud. I also hear wise words about IBM the 'services' company. Personally, and I think so would IBM-MAINers (is that a word?), I would like to see some real positive emphasis on System z in the next few weeks to coincide with the 50th Anniversary of the S/360. So far, the silence is deafening. Sorry if I offend anyone here on the List or more likely at IBM, and perhaps my cynicism is showing in my advanced years. Perhaps it is the cold weather here in Florida - my old school friend back in Wales tells me it is warmer there than here!

note that ibm was in talks a year ago on the same subject and it never came to fruition ... somebody over in linkedin ibm group just mentioned that they are trying to figure out how much of the sale is cash and how much is stock.

part of this is lots of x86 in clouds ... x86 server chip manufactures claiming more x86 server chips shipping to cloud operators (that assemble their own servers) than to brand name server vendors.

for decade or more, large cloud operators claim that they assemble servers for 1/3rd of price from brand name vendors.

also there are various rumors of some of the brand name vendors doing complete clouds for smaller businesses (both public and private clouds) that can't justify doing their own assemblies) ... and per system price is close to the 1/3rd quoted by large cloud operators.

In aggregate it has been putting significant downward pressure on x86 server system profit margins.

as i've periodically mentioned, a single large cloud megadatacenter has more processing power than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today at possibly a millionth of the cost/BIPS

IBM also announces it is aggresively moving into cloud operation and services ... IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/16/ibm-plans-big-spending-for-the-cloud/

for comparison, this article claims google is spending over $2B per quarter on cloud megadatacenters (say $9B-$10B annually)
http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2013/12/02/in-iowa-a-field-becomes-a-huge-google-server-farm/

and other large cloud operators are doing something similar. For the large cloud operations ... hardware & systems are expense/cost ... not profit. there are predictions that large cloud operators may move off x86 server chips to ARM chips ... while not as powerful processing per chip ... are characterized as may having lower costs per unit of processing. This possibly contributes to news that Intel will fabricate/manufacture ARM chips.
http://www.extremetech.com/computing/169853-hell-freezes-over-intel-announces-plan-to-fab-arm-processors

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon for credit unions

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon for credit unions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2014 13:05:37 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Investors make money proportional to the absolute value of the first derivative of the economy. (essentially what you just said)

wallstreet is more like las vegas gambling to fleece the marks ... this is old reference (before HFT)
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

however HFT is becoming so egregious that there are articles that it is threatening to drive investors away ... recent posts about egregious HFT behavior
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing

triple-A toxic CDOs moved mortgages into wallstreet ... effectively new "business" (over $27T did during the bubble) ... claim that the triple-A toxic CDOs (along with CDS bets on their toxic CDOs that they were selling ... would fail) tripled the size of wallstreet (as percent of GDP) during the bubble ... aka increasing significantly faster ... so not only did it track the increase in bubble economy ... it became three times larger in terms of portion of absolute size of the bubble.

part of the triple-A for being toxic CDOs, was being able to sell to large funds (retirement/pension and sovereign wealth) that are restricted to dealing in "safe" instruments. Pension funds have been attractive targets for lots of interests. The other wallstreet strong push is then move to individual 401Ks ... because they can make much more from indivdiaul 401Ks in aggregate than large pension funds (not able to frequently repeat the triple-A rating scheme).

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

article about over $27T done during bubble:
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

past posts referencing wallstreet tripled in size (as percent of gdp) during the bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#24 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#40 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#34 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#65 Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#42 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#26 Why bankers rule the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#66 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#67 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#86 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#9 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon for credit unions

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon for credit unions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2014 16:23:04 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes: wallstreet is more like las vegas gambling to fleece the marks ... this is old reference (before HFT)
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

however HFT is becoming so egregious that there are articles that it is threatening to drive investors away ... recent posts about egregious HFT behavior
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions

past reference that much of wallstreet is done with non-level playing field and/or other ways for gaming the system ... quote from economics nobel prize winner in "Thinking, Fast and Slow",
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA
pg212:
"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

I've mentioned before that in late 90s, I was asked in to NSCC ... before it merged with DTC to become DTCC:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

to look at improving the integrity of exchange transactions. after I worked on it for awhile, I was told that the work was suspended ... a side-effect of the integrity work was that it made transactions much more transparent and visible ... an anathema to wallstreet culture (supposedly something like 30% of offers and acceptances wouldn't stand the light of day).

later in the congressional Madoff hearings, they had testimony from the person that had tried unsuccesfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (their hands were finally forced when he turned himself in). The person was asked if he thought new regulations were needed ... and he replied that while new regulations might be needed (although there has been lots of regulations requiring SEC to do something and nothing changed), he said that much more important was to make the infrastrucutre more transparent and visible. posts mentioning Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

posts mentioning SEC doing little or nothing about financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

even though required by Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

in the wake of enron & worldcom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

past posts mentioning "thinking fast and slow"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#138 Thinking, Fast & Slow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#1 The war on terabytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#29 The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#35 Entropy and #SocialMedia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#67 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#87 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#72 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It

past posts mentioning NSCC, DTC, and/or DTCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#14 Security glossary available
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#47 Multics_Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#25 garlic.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#41 DEC and news groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#28 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#31 FC5 Special Workshop CFP: Emerging trends in Online Banking and Electronic Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#69 ATM PIN through phone or Internet. Is it secure? Is it allowed by PCI-DSS?, Visa, MC, etc.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#63 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#35 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#1 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#47 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#75 Whistleblowing and reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#15 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#45 Artificial Intelligence to tackle rogue traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#67 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#29 Transparency and Visibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#57 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#47 Audits VII: the future of the Audit is in your hands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#33 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#43 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#54 Trust Facade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#48 WikiLeaks' Wall Street Bombshell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#49 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#63 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#26 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#39 Back to architecture: Analyzing NYSE data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#37 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#21 HOLLOW STATES and a CRISIS OF CAPITALISM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30 Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#16 John Robb on the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#29 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#5 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#56 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#0 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#13 Study links ultrafast machine trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#23 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#41 Why Are the Fed and SEC Keeping Wall Street's Secrets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#10 Accidentally Released - and Incredibly Embarrassing - Documents Show How Goldman et al Engaged in 'Naked Short Selling'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#39 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#63 Is it possible to hack mainframe system??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#38 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#41 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#30 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2014 17:00:00 -0500
Patrick Scheible <kkt@zipcon.net> writes:
I think you're incorrect about who likes the current system. It's not the middle class, who get relatively minor deductions and probably have to sweat out filling out their own tax forms. It's the rich, who form interest groups to lobby for deductions that benefit them and hire people to fill out the forms.

however congress and lobbying groups ... and behalf of all sorts of interests ... want the current system. lobbying groups gets lots of funding by special interests for specific tax provisions ... congress gets lots of money from lobbying groups for special tax provisions.

one of the issues congress seems to have hit on ... 1) have sunset provisions on special tax provision so they have to come back and pay more to get it renewed and/or 2) kabuki theater ... the facade/appearance of conflict with two sides ... one for and one against revoking provision ... drumming up lots of funding for both sides.

there was 2008 economist conference reference about going to a flat-tax to eliminate the enormous congressional fraud swirling around special tax provisions (unrelated to any possible direct benefits from flat-tax).

also mentioned that (at the time) the tax-code was 65,000 pages (now well over 70,000 pages) costs the economy 3% in GDP dealing with the complexity. Going to flat-rate (reducing tax code to 400-500 pages) would gain 5%-6% in GDP ... 3% benefit eliminating difficulty in dealing with the complexity and 2-3% in entities currently making sub-optimal economic decisions (from the standpoint of the country) trying to take advantage of special provisions.

posts mentioning congress as kabuki theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

past posts mentioning tax-code:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#43 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#34 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#37 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#71 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#87 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#43 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#44 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#83 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#20 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#13 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#31 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#39 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#48 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#49 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#40 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#88 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#36 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#37 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#40 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#58 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#73 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#15 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#74 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#46 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#18 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#20 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#8 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#9 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#4 Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#18 What Uncle Warren doesn't mention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#73 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#68 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#8 America needs a 2-page tax code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#17 Let the IRS Do Your Taxes, Really
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#38 UK firms need to 'fess up to security boobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#61 Zakaria: by itself, Buffett rule is good
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#47 How Selecting Voters Randomly Can Lead to Better Elections
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#34 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#32 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#35 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#87 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#91 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#95 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#2 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#80 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#81 Ireland feels the heat from Apple tax row
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#25 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#82 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#0 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#9 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

An insider's story of the global attack on climate science

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
Date: 23 Jan 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/CYParNiMn1A

An insider's story of the global attack on climate science; An epic saga of secretly funded climate denial and harassment of scientists.
http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/01/an-insiders-story-of-the-global-attack-on-climate-science/

note "Merchants of Doubt"
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

traces similar activity back to the tobacco industry ... but also used by MICC described in "Prophets of War" (even some of the same companies involved)
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

recent posts mentioning "Merchants of Doubt" &/or "Prophets of War"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#54 NBC's website hacked with malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#21 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#32 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#50 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#67 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#5 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#30 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#74 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#92 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#52 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#44 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2014 22:51:48 -0500
Patrick Scheible <kkt@zipcon.net> writes:
According to that page, what New Zealand does have is a top personal income tax rate of 33% (for incomes over NZ$70,000), 28% corporate tax rate, a GST of 15%. So the overall rates aren't that different, but fewer tax breaks are available.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing

lots of complaints about us corporate 35% tax rate ... lots of it pure obfuscation and misdirection by various special interest since ....

GAO: U.S. corporations pay average effective tax rate of 12.6%
http://money.cnn.com/2013/07/01/news/economy/corporate-tax-rate/

and several large corporates pay less
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/03/20/1195554/-64-Major-U-S-Corporations-Only-Paid-8-1-in-Taxes

corporate tax in us has effective rate & share of GDP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporate_tax_in_the_United_States

GAO report mentions use of offshore tax havens, posts mention offshore tax havens/tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

some past posts mentioning corporate tax:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#59 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#20 Million Corporation march on Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#35 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#82 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#91 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#13 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#25 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#97 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#21 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:12:09 -0500
Ibmekon writes:
Lynn has estimates of this at 5-6% GDP

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing

as an aside ... the 5-6% GDP came from round table discussion of annual economist conference in 2008 discussing huge corruption in congress and lobbiests. flat tax was put forward as addressing the enormous corruption associated with existing paradigm ... and also dealing with the resulting enormous tax code ... effectively cost 5-6% of GDP. They pointed out that one of the entities lobbying heavily against any major tax code reform ... was the country of ireland (remember this is 2008). some posts mentioning the reference to ireland lobbying against us tax reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#49 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#87 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#20 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#13 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#31 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture

posts mentioning tax evasion / offshore tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

in the past couple years ... there has been several news stories about ireland being major tax haven and very high profile companies using off-shore tax haven loopholes with store-front office in ireland (sometimes as little as shoebox on shelf in office with hundreds of other shoeboxes) article from this month

Global tax avoidance: the long war against tax havens
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/rearvision/global-tax-avoidance/5146462

news item from 2010 ... economists were discussing it in 2008

The Tax Haven That's Saving Google Billions
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/10_44/b4201043146825.htm

from above:
Ireland's transformation into a hub for tax avoidance can be seen in U.S. Commerce Department data. In 2010, U.S. companies attributed $95 billion in profits to Irish subsidiaries, up more than sevenfold from $13 billion in 2000. Actual employment at those units barely grew during that decade, and the companies' reported tax rate plummeted to 3 percent from 9 percent.

... snip ...

aka not actually doing more business in ireland but cooking the books to make it appears as if it was irish revenue.

tax haven
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax_haven

from above:
A 2012 report from the Tax Justice Network estimated that between USD $21 trillion and $32 trillion is sheltered from taxes in unreported tax havens worldwide

... snip ...

news items from last year

How Apple and the Rest of the Tech Giants Avoid Billions in Taxes
http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/how-apple-and-the-rest-of-the-tech-giants-avoid-billions-in-taxes--2
Fortune pays a visit to Apple's Irish tax haven
http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2013/11/01/apple-ireland-cork-taxes/
Ireland: A tax haven for American tech companies like Google, Twitter and Apple but without the sun
http://www.irishcentral.com/opinion/others/ireland-a-tax-haven-for-american-tech-companies-like-google-twitter-and-apple-but-without-the-sun-209636591-238184181.html
(The) Fighting Irish tax reform for Hi-Tech Giants
http://www.geektime.com/2013/10/16/fighting-irish-tax-reform-for-hi-tech-giants/
Man Making Ireland Tax Avoidance Hub Proves Local Hero
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-10-28/man-making-ireland-tax-avoidance-hub-globally-proves-local-hero.html
Facebook 'Likes' Tax Schemes to Avoid Paying Uncle Sam
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/facebook-likes-tax-schemes-avoid-104500083.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Jan 2014 10:38:36 -0800
dasdbill2@COMCAST.NET (DASDBILL2) writes:
IBM's core business is making profits for their stockholders. All else is details of implementation.

IBM's core business is maximizing executive compensation ... which translates into whatever the executive compensation plan calls for.

reference to corporate governance doesn't ever mention maximizing shareholder value (... but tends to be a rallying cry behind which maximizing executive compensation occurs)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

from above:
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

a couple past posts referencing above
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#84 3Q earnings are becoming the norm at IBM. What is IBM management overlooking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It

analysis of IBM's most recent numbers
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

recent posts referencing above
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#16 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#25 IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks

past posts mentioning selling x86 server business to lenovo (most from last spring)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#28 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#38 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#45 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OODA

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: OODA
Date: 24 Jan 2014
Blog: Boyd & Beyond
doesn't have separation ... all things running concurrently in parallel ... language doesn't have single word ... OODA-loop sort of fills that void.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

An analogy comes up in computers with sequential computer processing language and the transition from single core chips to large numbers of cores ... parallel programming paradigm has been holy grail ever since increasing number of cores ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

oh, disclaimer i did operating system multi/parallel processing in the 70s on large mainframes ... the transition from purely sequential to large concurrent was difficult for many people

Fast & Slow was somewhat that the brain was major resource usage in the body ... and techniques evolved to minimize energy use. Circuits got smaller and smaller so there could be billions of circuits per chip ... but there wasn't a corresponding increase in speed of circuits ... in part because of synchronous logic resulted in the growing number of circuits operating in sync (and speed of circuits were already approaching limit where signal thru the chip was becoming significantly latency). This drove/evolved to organizing as multiple independent cores. Problem is that programming paradigm hasn't kept up ... still oriented towards single serial process. Some left over from large multiprocessor mainframes of the 70s keeping multiple independent sequential programs running concurrent. More evolution has been with graphics GPU chips that have thousands of very small cores and graphics applications partitioned into running in parallel. There is increasing work on adapting other kinds of applications to thousands of GPU cores ... for instance crypto code breaking. Big supercomputers now have tens of thousands, frequently with combination of CPU chips (with dozen cores/chip) and GPU chips (with thousands cores/chip).

disclaimer: I had working with national labs back to late 70s on compute farms with large number of independent systems ... as well with commercial DBMS systems with large number of systems doing massive number of transactions. Old reference to early Jan1992 meeting in Ellison conference room about having 128way system for commercial DBMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

other old email (from late '91, Jan92) about both compute farms for national labs as well as DBMS scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
within hrs of last email, scaleup was transferred and we were told we couldn't work on systems with more than four processors. It is then announced as IBM supercomputer for numeric intensive and scientific *only* ... press 17Feb92
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
then they say that the national labs interest in clusters caught them by surprise (except I had been working with them back to late 70s) press 11May92
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

one of the scenarios for the transfer was trying to protect their large & very profitable mainframe commercial DBMS business

for the fun of it: The Unexpected Power of Baby Math: Adults Still Think About Numbers Like Kids
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140122134231.htm

Boyd had similar but different story about original heads-up display (HUD) for F16 that had scrolling digital numbers ... which took lots of pilot attention to process into meaning (various analog representation took much less human processing to convert into meaning).

Culture could be assumed to be inherent in orientation ... and Boyd would talk about constantly viewing from every possible facet (somewhat as countermeasure to fixed orientation). Also "Raising the Bar" loc774-75 Boyd refers to this as an "examining of the world from a number of perspectives so that we can generate mental images or impressions that correspond to the world."

the other line ... its not done when there is nothing left to add, its done when there is nothing left to take away.

re: emails (more than you might want to know); we didn't have good relations with the guy running the kingston supercomputer group dating back to at least the mid-80s (in part because had lots of contacts with national labs). Oct1991 the senior executive that backed Kingston retires and his pet projects are audited. They put a new executive in charge of Kingston supercomputer and begin scouring the company for supercomputer technology ... including announcing a symposium for mid-jan1992. One of the engineers working on Medusa wants to make a presentation. We warn him not to because they are just trolling and its likely to end very badly. He goes ahead and it ends badly.

Also one of the executives put in charge of kingston (after oct1991) was also involved in preventing us from bidding on NSF backbone (precursor to modern internet). Mid-80s, we were originally suppose to get $20m from NSF to tie together all the NSF supercomputer centers, then congress cuts the budget and several other things happen. Finally NSF releases an RFP but internal politics prevent us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to help ... including writing the corporation a letter (co-signed by some other fed agency CTOs) ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least five years ahead of all RFP responses). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

other trivia ... corporate hdqtrs blamed me for online computer conferencing on the internal network in late 70s and early 80s (internal network larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or early '86).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Folklore is that when the corporate management committee (chairman, ceo, cfo, pres, etc) was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

trivia simple/complex ... when electronic commerce was first being deployed ... the flat file based webservers had much lower exploits than the RDBMS based webservers. The RDBMS based webservers were significantly more complex and there was high incidence of mistakes ... mistakes that spilled over to security arena ... part of the rule-of-thumb that security exploits are proportional to complexity. disclaimer: I was involved in the original SQL/RDBMS implementation (system/r)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

and also much later was brought in to consult with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented some technology they called "SSL" ... the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". note: the two people responsible for the startup's commerce server ... we had previously worked with when they were at oracle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past article about NSFNET backbone evolving into modern internet, grid computing and cloud computing
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

... more blather ...there was some amount of rivalry between Multics on 5th flr (mit project mac) and the science center on the 4th flr (some of the ctss people had gone to 5th flr and others gone to 4th flr). Multics had a number of premier gov. accounts including air force data systems. Old email about air force data systems wanting to come out and talk about 20 vm/4341 machines (by that time I had transferred from science center to san jose research)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b
I was also doing LLNL benchmarks that was looking at doing 70 machine compute farm ... old email about vm/4300s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

by the time AFDS got around to coming out, their plans had increased to 210 vm/4341s ... I wasn't above tweaking the Multics people about it ... list of multics sites (AFDS #71, also dockmaster #77, also several for navy war gaming)
http://www.multicians.org/sites.html

the disk engineering lab across the street tended to get the 3rd or 4th engineering model of a new computer, for disk testing ... they were frequently after me to come over and play disk engineer ... and in return they allowed me lot of latitude in using their new computers. One of the things I was doing was using engineering 4341 for various customer benchmarks (when nobody else could get access to a machine).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past mentioning fast&slow:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#115 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#138 Thinking, Fast & Slow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#143 Wall Street's Big Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#144 Fingerspitzengefühl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#147 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#1 The war on terabytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#29 The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#35 Entropy and #SocialMedia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#13 Study links ultrafast machine trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#18 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#27 Indirect Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#48 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#66 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#67 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#87 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#95 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#91 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#41 Computer Simulations Reveal Benefits of Random Investment Strategies Over Traditional Ones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#72 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#72 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#17 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#63 Imprecise Interrupts and the 360/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 24 Jan 2014 18:06:11 -0500
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Oh, joy. As if IEDs aren't bad enough.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#61 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#66 Royal Pardon For Turing

from the law of unintended consequences ... the invading forces going into Iraq were told to bypass ammo/weapon dumps and go directly for the (nonexistant) WMDs ... when they got around to going back ... an estimatad million metric tons had evaporated. Then you find the IEDs made with large artillary shells ... capable of taking out largest armored vehicles including Abrams M1 tanks.

there were stories wondering were the insurgants were getting sophisticated explosives for IEDs ... but they actually knew where it was coming from.

there are recent stories that if iraq learned from desert storm about tactics for the coming invasion ... why didn't the US military learn anything from desert storm and/or expect that things might be different.

other recent posts mentioning the estimatad million metric tons and law of unintended consequences
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#38 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#64 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#48 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#80 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#10 Why the Death of the Tank Is Greatly Exaggerated

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 24 Jan 2014 18:11:28 -0500
"rex" <rexjohns@nospam.com> writes:
Because the US system has succeeded in keeping wage growth very low, particularly for the poorest paid and those single parent households only have one wage, often a very low wage with all but professionals.

old graph show worker compensation flattend starting around 1979 (until current)
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

associated article discussed that household income continued to increase as families were increasingly forced to transition to two wage earners &/or multiple jobs.

past posts mentioning above
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#77 Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#3 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#18 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#38 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#39 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#44 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#10 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#13 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#53 CALCULATORS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#85 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#39 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#65 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#44 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#15 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#65 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#15 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#77 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#91 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#33 Management Secrets From Inside GE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#51 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#60 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#42 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can America Win Wars

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Can America Win Wars
Date: 24 Jan 2014
Blog: Slightly East of New
re:
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/01/13/can-america-win-wars/

from the law of unintended consequences, the justification for the invasion was fabricated WMDs ... during the invasion they were told to bypass military/ammo bunkers and go directly for the (fabricated) WMDs. When they got around to going back, an estimated million metric tons had disappeared. Heavily reinforced trucks were eventually introduced as countermeasure to (smaller) IEDs, insurgents then started adding large artillery shells (from the bunkers) to the IEDs

Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, 2003 to 2005
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-Iraq-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

my son-in-law was Fallujah 2004-2005 and then Baqubah 2007-2008 ... Baqubah described as worse than Fallujah ... IEDs taking out Bradleys and Abram M1s ... so many Bradleys were lost that they started getting retired Bradleys from desert storm as replacements. Abrams were so vulnerable that they would try and do sweeps of the route before letting Abrams out.

Battle for Baqubah: Killing Our Way Out
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

also
http://www.michaelyon-online.com/hunting-al-qaeda-part-i-of-iii.htm
(at the bottom hit the "previous" button to get the other parts)

so another description is they melted away in face of large concentrated force to fight another day.

as an aside ... Robbs Brave New War

Brave New War: The Next Stage of Terrorism and the End of Globalization
http://www.amazon.com/Brave-New-War-Terrorism-Globalization-ebook/dp/B00H2VFGZ4/

details that Iraq's actions in the invasion was specifically planned that way based on what they had learned during desert storm. There was no plan to oppose the invasion ... then the law of unintended consequences bypassing the ammo dumps with estimated million metric tons ... looking for nonexistent wmds played exactly into their plans

Robb's book has between 40,000 and 100,000 "insurgents" were organized under Saddam's son Uday before the invasion ... and that with other organizations, total insurgents were much greater (150,000 active on any given day) ... that they had learned from Desert Storm and knew some other strategy was required. Iraq was not going to participate in the US military war plan ... and along with all the other stories about fabricated justification for the invasion ... a possibility is that it was just one of Spinney's Perpetual War. One 2010 analysis of the DOD budget was that it had been increased a little over $2trillion over baseline ... $1+trillion budgeted for the wars and another $1+trillion couldn't be accounted for

With regard to Iraq had learned in desert storm and wasn't going to oppose the invasion ... for the fun of it from Hart: Why Don't We Learn from History? (only a $1.99)

Why Don't We Learn from History?
http://www.amazon.com/Why-Dont-We-Learn-History-ebook/dp/B00792M6H2/

loc590-93:
On approaching Vilna, Napoleon found that the Russians had abandoned the city. "It was truly heartbreaking for him to have to give up all hope of a great battle before Vilna and he voiced his bitterness by crying out upon the cowardice of his foes." After five weeks' campaigning, despite his deep advance, he had inflicted little damage on the enemy, while his own army had been reduced by at least a third in numbers and still more in efficiency.

... snip ...

Chuck's Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
coupled with Success of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

would have any real victory limiting the flow of funds. I've wondered if they haven't been using gaming techniques exploring the ways of maximizing flow of funds and quarterly profits.

Thoughts about Fallujah: I am worried that we're just not built to win anymore
http://ricks.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/01/21/thoughts_about_fallujah_i_am_worried_that_were_just_not_built_to_win_anymor

there was recent post about marine small wars manual
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_Wars_Manual
based on experience dealing with small scale conflicts ... and this was written about the same time, based on same experience in support of wallstreet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
characterizing same events done in support of MICC and wallstreet ... which references
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war
and above references Spinney's theme
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

this is by congressman (contemporary of Mahan, also mentions Mahan aligned with Roosevelt on US imperialism in Pacific) "Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920"
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

loc6265-74:
XXX. THE LEAGUE TO PERPETUATE WAR The war has just begun. I said that when the Armistice terms were published and when I read the Treaty and the League Covenant I felt more than ever convinced of the justice of my conclusion. The Treaty of Versailles is merely an armistice a suspension of hostilities, while the combatants get their wind. There is a war in every chapter of the Treaty and in every section of the League Covenant; war all over the world; war without end so long as the conditions endure which produce these documents.

... snip ..

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

these talk about what has been going on more recent

"Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism"
http://www.amazon.com/National-Insecurity-American-Militarism-Media-ebook/dp/B00ATLNI04/r
"Prophets of War"
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

and then there is economic hit man ... some parts of wallstreet wants to attempt extract wealth w/o having to send in the military
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-John-Perkins-ebook/dp/B001AFF266/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

which can put them in conflict with MICC that wants any excuse to be sent in.

one of their MICC stories is that they went to former soviet block countries and told them that they would back their membership in NATO and USAID to buy (US made) NATO compatible weapons ... if they voted for invasion of Iraq

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Resistance to Java

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Resistance to Java.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 25 Jan 2014 07:41:48 -0800
dcrayford@GMAIL.COM (David Crayford) writes:
That's because there are no viable alternatives. It probably wouldn't be the case if there was a zIIP enabled Ruby on Rails, Python Django or node.js framework available.

trivia when java came out ... the director of the business group was somebody use to work with at ibm (we were invited to the JAVA announcement party)

He had been in the los gatos vlsi chip design group and was one of two people responsible for implementing mainframe pascal ... which was used internally for lots of chip design tools (requiring significant performance) ... eventually being released to customers as vs/pascal. the original mainframe tcp/ip product was also implemented in vs/pascal (and had none of the buffer length exploits that have been epidemic in c language implementations).

He then left to do a 3270 clone controller startup ... TSO operation was so bad that they had a bunch of TSO stuff implemented in the controller ... which they figured would have big market ... but the IBM/PC overtook them. He then went on to be VP of MIPS software development ... and when SGI bought MIPS ... went to SUN.

This was age when everybody seemed to be doing object-oriented operating systems ... apple had "pink" and sun had "spring". Before "spring" was shutdown ... we were approached about running the group and commercializing spring and turning it out as product ... but declined. When "spring" was shutdown ... all the people were moved over to JAVA.

There was some amount of synergy between spring and green (which morphs into JAVA) ... a major objective of spring was highly distributed computing model
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Java_Programming/History

from spring papers, gone 404, but live on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030404182953/http://java.sun.com/people/kgh/spring/
A Client-Side Stub Interpreter

We have built a research operating system in which all services are presented through interfaces described by an interface description language. The system consists of a micro-kernel that supports a small number of these interfaces, and a large number of interfaces that are implemented by user-level code. A typical service implements one or more interfaces, but is a client of many other interfaces that are implemented elsewhere in the system. We have an interface compiler that generates client-side and service-side stubs to deliver calls from clients to services providing location transparency if the client and server are in different address spaces. The code for client-side stubs was occupying a large amount of the text space on our clients, so a stub interpreter was written to replace the client-side stub methods. The result was that we traded 125k bytes of stub code for 13k bytes of stub descriptions and 4k bytes of stub interpreter. This paper describes the stub interpreter, the stub descriptions, and discusses some alternatives.


... snip ...

125kbytes of code was significant percent of real storage on many machines of the period.

there were a couple operations in silicon valley that did a lot of work on JIT (just in time) compiling for various mainframe 370 emulators (on the fly translating 370 code segments into native code) ... eventually similar techniques start to appear for JAVA ... with increasing levels of performance.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_performance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 18:51:07 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
No, the whole point is to give lower tax rates to the rich, whose income is mostly unearned, while the workers actually creating their wealth get taxed into bankruptcy.

however congress & tax loopholes is more analogous to the internet fraud exchanges ... but congress has moved on to not actually selling since it wants lots of reoccurring revenue

posts mentioning lots of congress facade obfuscating what goes on behind the scenes ... resulting in congress being periodically referred to as kabuki theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

posts mentioning tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 10:01:39 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
How many army privates become generals? I think there may have been one or two. The thing about any hierarchy is that there are a lot more people at the bottom than the top. The fact is that people *can* move up, thuough most won't.

except where lots of officers are being lost ... most of the officers come out of various military schools, commissioned on graduation and normally never been privates ("mustangs")

there has been several things written about US horrible army promotion system ... one was westmoreland after vietnam comissioned study of the army system (OPMS 71, done in response to 1970 study at the Army War College) ... and it was so damning that it was classified for next 14 years ... part of it was huge, bloated officer core, enormously top-heavy with flag officers ... that continues to this day.

part of boyd briefings was he would contrast the German military with 3% officers with the bloated US military that had 11% officers growing to 20% (needed for rigid, top-down, command&control system)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 10:05:39 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
old graph show worker compensation flattend starting around 1979 (until current)
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

associated article discussed that household income continued to increase as families were increasingly forced to transition to two wage earners &/or multiple jobs.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing

lots of news quoting recent study and phrase that worker wages have stagnated for decades

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon for credit unions

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon for credit unions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 10:10:57 -0500
one of the illegal activity in HFT is "frontrunning" in this case institution getting an investor trade ... but knowing that trade will slightly move the market in certain direction ... execute an institution trade before executing the investors trade

Exclusive: Bank of America's trading practices have been probed, filing shows
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/25/us-bankofamerica-probe-idUSBREA0O0DC20140125
Bank Of America Caught Frontrunning Clients
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-25/bank-america-caught-frontrunning-clients

from above
In summary, so far in 2013, Bank of America lost money on 9 trading days out of a total 188. Statistically, this result is absolutely ridiculous when one considers that the bulk of bank trading revenues are still in the form of prop positions disguised as "flow" trading to evade Volcker which means the only way a bank could make money with near uniform perfection is if it either i) consistently has inside information that it trades on or ii) it consistently front-runs its clients.

...
Finally, our question for the regulators: in a Volcker world in which banks are supposedly not allowed to trade ahead of their clients, why are banks, well, trading ahead of their clients!?

... snip ...

mentions Nobel prize winner in economist about no skill in the market
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions

unless of course it is insiders that are gaming the system ... mention insiders gaming the system even before HFT
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions

and they don't have anything to worry about from the SEC (which does little or nothing ... or periodic fines that are such a small percentage of the overall business that it has come to be viewed as cost of doing business fraud).

too big to fail are also too big to prosecute and too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

some past posts mentioning fines have just become part of "cost of doing business"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#58 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#73 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#110 Loan Originators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#55 U.S. Sues Wells Fargo, Accusing It of Lying About Mortgages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#86 What Makes a thread about the European debt crisis Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#1 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#2 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#9 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Resistance to Java

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Resistance to Java.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Jan 2014 07:57:09 -0800
edjaffe@PHOENIXSOFTWARE.COM (Ed Jaffe) writes:
I've often wondered what the state of the mainframe would be today if IBM had actually done a halfway decent job developing ISPF Client/Server, mSys for Setup, and other similar GUI-based initiatives from the 1990s.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#39 Resistance to Java

a primary communication group effort fighting off distributed computing and client/server was SAA (I've periodically mentioned senior disk engineer getting talk at annual worldwide internal communication group conferencing and opening with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division ... among other things the disk division was seeing drop in disk sales with data fleeing the datacenter for more distributed computing friendly platforms ... and communication group veto'ing all the solutions the disk division would come up ... the communication group had strategic "ownership" for everything that crossed data center wall).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Systems_Application_Architecture

"Father of SAA" was no relation ... but the executive put in charge of doing SAA in the early 90s ... I had worked with many years earlier on 138/148 microcode assist and would periodically drop by his office on top floor of somers and ridicule SAA.

part of the issue was we had come up with 3-tier architecture ... initially written into response for large, distributed, super-secure government program ... and then out making pitches to customer executives ... and getting lots of arrows in the back (and other FUD) from the communication group. past posts mentioning 3-tier (and SAA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

part of the issue was 3tier was all tcp/ip (and not SNA).

at the same time SAA was kicked off, the communication group was also out distributing a lot of misinformation inside the corporation about how SNA could be used for the the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet). old NSFNET backbone email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

and other misinformation that if the internal network wasn't converted to SNA, the internal network would stop working. internal network old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 12:21:02 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
Our debt problem is caused by not collecting enough taxes to cover spending. Increasing tax revenues will solve that problem. No, it doesn't solve the continual increases in spending, but decreasing tax revenues will make the debt problem even worse.

congress allowed the fiscal responsibility accountability act to expire in 2002 (which reguired that spending not exceed revenues).

2010 CBO report that after that, tax revenues were cut by $6T (compared to the earlier baseline) and spending increased by $6T (compared to earlier baseline) for $12T budget gap

posts mentioning fiscal reponsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

posts mentioning that much of what goes on is congress is all facade ... periodically referred to as kabuki theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Resistance to Java

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Resistance to Java.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Jan 2014 08:49:08 -0800
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
Why did that fail? Just too little, too late? NIH?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#39 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java

internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or early '86. Part of the reason was that the (vm370 vnet-based) internal network had a form of gateway in everynode (which didn't exist in the arpanet host protocol, sna, and/or osi model). Arpanet/internet got internetworking protcol as part of the great change-over to tcp/ip on 1jan1983.

this "ibm-main" discussion group originated on univ. "bitnet" which used technology similar to the internal network ... and about the same time the communication group was forcing the internal network to convert to SNA ... bitnet was converting to tcp/ip for bitnet2 ... which is what the internal network should have done also.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

i had project i called hsdt with T1 (1.5mbit/sec) and faster speed links ... started doing T1 in 1980.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

the initial mainframe tcp/ip product (mentioned upthread, implemented in vs/pascal) has some performance issues .... getting about 44kbytes/sec effective using nearly full 3090 processor. I did the enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at cray research got 1mbyte/sec channel sustained throughput between 4341 and cray using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

standard mainframe 37xx product only supported up to 56kbits/sec. communication group prepared a report for corporate hdqtrs that customers didn't want much more than 56kbits/sec and wouldn't need T1 (1.5mbits/sec) until well into the 90s. At the same time, HSDT didn't superficial customer survey and found 200 customer T1 links connected to IBM mainframes (but using non-ibm controllers).

The communication group kept up the facade for a time ... but eventually was forced to came out with the rube-goldberg 3737 hack supporting T1. SNA/VTAM had a separate problem with latency handling in communication links. It was unable to get only a very small fraction of T1 throughput capacity. To get around it the 3737 simulated a CTCA link to another local mainframe. Inside the 3737 it had a bunch of processing and enormous amount of buffering (including four 68k, 100k lines of code) ... it would simulate ACK on data RUs to the local VTAM (as if the data had already arrived at the remote end) trying to compenstate for the lack of latency handling in SNA & VTAM. some past posts detailing 3737
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
with these old email
http://www.garlic.oom/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.oom/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.oom/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

the claims were the 3737 could just barely support 1.5mbit/sec throughput ... even though full-duplex T1 is 3mbits/sec aggregate (1.5mbit/sec concurrent in both direction) and european T1 is 4mbits/sec aggregate

other trivia ... I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s. folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was informed of computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

old email from person charged with setting up EARN (bitnet in europe) looking for network apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320
posts mentioning bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

as part of HSDT, we was also working with NSF and NSF supercomputer centers. We were suppose to get $20M from NSF to tie together the supercomputer centers, then congress cut the budget and several other things happened. Finally NSF releases an RFP ... but internal politics (large amount from communication group) prevent us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to help by writing the company a letter (co-signed by some other agency CTOs) ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all bid submissions).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Resistance to Java

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Resistance to Java.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Jan 2014 11:20:46 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#39 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#46 Resistance to Java

part of the issue SNA was pretty much dictated by VTAM/NCP ... which was a low-speed, dumb terminal communication paradigm. It was a herculean task to do anything approaching networking. it was one of the reasons I called HSDT (high-speed data transport) to differentiate from SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

also, arpanet IMP networking (before 1jan1983 internetworking tcp/ip), sna, and OSI were pretty much all single administrative domain (no internetworking).

note that it wasn't just sna that lost out to tcp/ip in the late 80s ... also in the late 80s the federal government had mandated the elimination of the internet and move over to GOSIP (aka OSI) which also didn't happen.

old email mentioning NSFNET backbone (precusor to modern internet)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
NSFNET backbone related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
internet related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

past article from MIT that the original purpose of NSFNET backbone was to hook together the NSF supercomputer centers ... sort of the foundation of GRID computing and modern cloud computing
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

other trivia ... before he passed, the long time RFC (aka internet standards) Editor (Postel) use to let me do some of STD1 ... based on some of the stuff i do for RFC index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
Date: 26 Jan 2014
Blog: IBMeres
IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
http://techcrunch.com/2014/01/23/ibm-dumps-its-server-business-on-lenovo-for-2-3b/

As Google Remakes the Server Game, IBM Sells Out to China
http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/2014/01/google-ibm-servers/

from above:
Thanks in large part to Facebook freely sharing its designs and methods through its Open Compute Project, others are following suit, leaving IBM, Dell, and HP on the wrong side of history. In late 2012, Intel bigwig Diane Bryant told us 75 percent of the company's server chip revenue now comes from eight companies and that one of them is Google. Four years before, she said, 75 percent came from Dell, HP, and IBM.

... snip ...

note that most stuff has been whatever boosts executive compensation: Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

recent posts mentioning selling server business &/or ibm stock buyback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#14 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#16 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#25 IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 15:39:57 -0500
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
What the PC and Unix worlds call a swap file is actually a paging file, and it's use is indeed to compensate for lack of memory. However, IBM has used swap files as a tool for relieving contention for CPU time, both in the original OS/360 TSO and ilater even for batch jobs. The difference is that for a true swap file the OS writes out an entire segment or an entire address space.

when science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

ported apl\360 to cms\apl ... a major problem was apl\360 storage allocation and garbage collection. apl\360 swapped a complete workspace each time ... so access patterns inside of workspace had little external effect. every assignment statement resulted in new workspace area being allocated ... until it had exhaused the complete workspace area and then did garbage collection that consolidated together at one end of the workspace. typical workspace size was also 16kbytes (sometimes 32kbytes).

move to cms\apl ... it was (4kbyte) demand page and workspace was as large as virtual memory ... the apl allocation/garbage collection strategy throws the machine into page thrashing constantly touching every available virtua page (very little locality of reference).

so part of port to cms\apl required redoing the whole apl storage allocation and garbage collection mechanisms.

note one of the justifications for move from os/360 mvt to os/vs2 svs with virtual memory was the poor storage allocation mechanism in MVT ... typical region tended to use only around 25%. Supposedly the move to virtual memory met that os/vs2 svs could run 16 concurrent regions in 1mbyte real machine. past posts discussing justification for os/360 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

above also makes reference to FS ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

implicit in this was that processors were getting faster, much faster than disks were getting faster ... so processors were spending increasing percentage of time waiting for disk. One way to compensate was to trying and have a larger number of concurrent things to do (multiprogramming level) so it might be possible to switch to something else ... when there was wait on disk.

past references to claiming that over a period that disks had order of magnitude decline in relative system throughput (systems got 40-50 times faster, disks got 3-5 times faster)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31 Big I/O or Kicking the Mainframe out the Door
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#10 Virtual Memory (A return to the past?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#46 The god old days(???)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#4 IBM S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#62 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#40 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#23 Smallest Storage Capacity Hard Disk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#5 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#11 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#20 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#8 What are some impressive page rates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#9 What are some impressive page rates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#39 100% CPU is not always bad

disk division executives then directed their performance department to refute my claim ... after several weeks they came back and essentially said that I had slightly understated the problem. their analysis then turns into share presentation b874 (with slightly different spin ... aka how to optimize disks to make your system run faster)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 17:00:16 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
lots of news quoting recent study and phrase that worker wages have stagnated for decades

re
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing

Why are US corporate profits so high? Because wages are so low
http://blogs.reuters.com/macroscope/2014/01/24/why-are-us-corporate-profits-so-high-because-wages-are-so-low/
Raw Data: It's Elites Who Drive Polarization, Not the Working Class
http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/01/raw-data-its-elites-who-drive-polarization-not-working-class

We Can't Afford to Leave Inequality to the Economists
http://blogs.hbr.org/2014/01/we-cant-afford-to-leave-inequality-to-the-economists/

there have been number of articles and expose about on how many economists have been "captured" by wallstreet and special interests (in manner similar to the way regulatory agencies have been captured) to do their bidding. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#44 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing

also super rich and corporations have stashed something between $22T and $30T (or more) in off share tax havens ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2014 17:19:35 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing

Super rich hold $32 trillion in offshore havens
http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/07/22/offshore-wealth-idINL6E8IKF6120120722
Rich hide up to $32 trillion in offshore tax havens, report contends
http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jul/23/business/la-fi-mo-tax-havens-20120723
Super-Rich Hold Up To $32 Trillion In Offshore Havens: Report
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/22/super-rich-offshore-havens_n_1692608.html
Billionaires Flee Havens as Trillions Pursued Offshore
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-04-29/billionaires-flee-havens-as-trillions-pursued-offshore.html
Check Out Who's Hiding $32 Trillion in Offshore Accounts
http://moneymorning.com/2013/05/01/check-out-whos-hiding-32-trillion-in-offshore-accounts/

2 Richest Global 1 Percent Hide Trillions in Tax Havens - Top 25 Censored Stories from 2012-2013
http://www.projectcensored.org/2-richest-global-1-percent-hide-trillions-tax-havens/

from above:
Domestically, the Federal Reserve reported that the top seven US banks hold more than $10 trillion in assets, recorded in over 14,000 created "subsidiaries" to avoid taxes.

... snip ...

off-share tax havens and tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
Date: 26 Jan 2014
Blog: Boyd & Beyond
US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
http://www.muktware.com/2014/01/us-army-hopes-replace-25-soldiers-robots-2040/20003

"Raising the Bar" loc1166-68:
This situation leads to underdeveloped tactical expertise. Commanders treat subordinates less like "thinking beings" and more like slavish, robotic servants. The creative and intellectual ability of individual commanders is underutilized, generating dissatisfaction, cynicism, frustration and low morale.

... snip ...

Air Force had fabricated a "bomber gap" with the Soviets as part of justifying a 20% increase in DOD budget for building bombers. The important thing about the CIA U2, was that Eisenhower was able to use the photo recon to debunk the Air Force fabrication ... which contributes to his warning about the Military Industrial (congressional) Complex in his goodby speech. posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Later rounds, head of CIA Colby was rejecting (team b) analysis ... so the president needed to replace the head of CIA with somebody that would go along with Team B. The stories have the selection two-fold 1) needing somebody that would agree with team b analysis and 2) sideline a political rival. recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#46 What Gates Didn't Get Done
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing

(other) posts mentioning team b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2014 11:03:21 -0500
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
The debt is _directly_ attributable to the bush tax cuts on the rich. So, it is proven that cutting taxes without reducing spending will increase the debt.

The country survived for 80 years with marginal tax rates over 90% on the ultra-rich. It should never have reduced them.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing

aka congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act expire in 2002 (require that spending not exceed tax revenue) and proceeded to reduce tax revenues by $6T and increase spending by $6T for $12T budget gap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

in the middle of last decade, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmatic (for how they were savaging the budget)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

from recent facebook discussion getting into linear/non-linear www.amazon.com/Pure-Strategy-Principle-Information-History-ebook/dp/B000OT7V3G/

Hedge fund industry has been using linear projection over very short term horizon .. but is known to be non-linear ... goes along with Kahneman's comment about the industry is pure illusion of skill in "Fast & Slow". Late 90s there is event and Greenspan orchestrates a bailout (holds sat. meeting in NYC) ... sort of precursor to too-big-to-fail a decade later ... goes along with the industry takes the profit and the tax-payers are left with the risk and losses (to add insult to injury, the industry lobbies congress to cut their taxes in half ... for what isn't being stashed offshore in tax havens).
http://www.pbs.org/.../frontline/shows/crash/etc/cron.html

They may even realize that it is pure fabrication ... counting on the FED & gov will backstop them when things go down.("moral hazard")

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

tax havens and evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2014 13:34:45 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
There are short-term reductions, usually under Democrats and reversed under the next Republican, but the long-term trend is quite clear:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/86/InflationAdjustedDefenseSpending.PNG


the most dire warnings about the biggest cuts was concerning spending returning to 2007 level when wars were at their height.

one of the issues is that the military-industrial(-congressional)-complex is looking for ever increasing quarterly profits and just announced one of the best profit every (even if there is big military drawdown because ending of wars ... MICC still insists on their profits going up).

when lockheed was complaining that if spending returned to 2007 levels that it would mean job cuts ... somebody pointed out that lockheed had increasingly cut workers since 2007 while increasing profits and executive compensation ... if things were really return to 2007 levels ... they should add back in all the workers that have been cut.

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

part of the MICC gimmicks employed for iraq invasion (besides the fabricated WMDs) was MICC went to former eastern block countries and told them that if they would vote for the invasion ... MICC would back their entry into NATO and USAID for military make-over puchasing "NATO-compatible" weapons (from US MICC) ... MICC funding that doesn't directly show up in DOD budget.

congressional "directed appropriations" is another favorite of special interest groups ... congressional budget that can only be spent on prescribed purchases (even when it is USAID).

the important thing to remember about CIA U2 photo recon ... is that the US Air Force had fabricated a "bomber gap" justifying 20% increase in DOD budget for strategic bombers. Eisonhower used the CIA U2 photo recon to dubunk the Air Force fabrications ... contributing to the warnings about MICC in Eisonhower's farewell speech.

then there is team b ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

roll forward and CIA directory Colby was rejecting the team b analysis (justifying huge MICC budget increases). The administration then needs to replace Colby with somebody that would go along. The stories have the selection (at least) two fold 1) somebody that would go along with team b and 2) sideline a political rival.

some discussed here:
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

but even here ... parties going back to supporting tobacco industry efforts to subvert cancer studies ... but later even getting involved in team b efforts
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

public relations and scientists "guns for hire".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2014 17:14:53 -0500
hancock4 writes:
The issue isn't how many "privates become generals". Rather, it's how many privates move up, and how far do they move, given their background.

I'm not very familiar with the military, but I understand that for disadvantaged folks it provides an excellent opportunity in training and education, all at government expense. (Less the downside, of course, of being shot at).


not privates ... but officers to generals

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901-1940, and the Consequences for World War II loc842-44
Though only a minority of all American officers attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, they later constituted a majority in the highest ranks and the most important positions in the U.S. Army. During World War I, West Point graduates made up a mere 1.5 percent of the whole officer corps yet comprised 74 percent of the 480 general officers.

... snip ...

Book really criticises "hazing" at West Point ... unlike anything in European institutions and how unproductive it is. Also curriculum was almost totally unrelated with what the Army needed.

recent talk at first division museum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon for credit unions

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon for credit unions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2014 19:26:36 -0500
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
Because they can?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions

a little HFT ...

The Trades That Broke The Nasdaq
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-27/trades-broke-nasdaq

other recent HFT:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 28 Jan 2014 15:17:51 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
Back when folks were discussing letting them expire, the CBO report said that renewing them _would_ increase GDP by 0.2% but that since the tax rate would be lower, total revenues would still be less.

On the surface, the former seems to confirm Saint Reagan's flawed tax theories, but the latter completely blows it away.


however, the 2010 CBO report said that in the interval after they let the fiscal responsibility act expire in 2002 ... tax revenue was reduced by $6T (while at the same time spending was increased by $6T for a $12T budget gap .... the gap between tax revenue and spending mostly continuing).

in the 90s, congress and the administration did balanced budget and had the fiscal responsibility act (spending could not exceed revenue) ... which would have had all federal debt retired by 2010.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

in 2002, the administration and congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire ... a major motivation was congress selling tax loopholes. Articles claim that buying tax loopholes has the highest business ROI of any investment ... i.e. a factor of 1000 times ... aka $6T would have cost them around $6B.

this reports has all countries with above avg. corporate tax rates, with the US at the highest.
http://www.cato.org/blog/tax-reform-first-step-simple

while GAO reports the effective rate is 12.6%

GAO: Big Companies Paid A 12.6% Effective Federal Income Tax Rate
http://www.forbes.com/sites/janetnovack/2013/07/01/gao-big-companies-paid-a-12-6-federal-income-tax-rate/

the difference being the money congress can make selling tax loopholes to businesses. this is the 2008 economist roundtable discussion about the enormous congressional corruption that comes from being able to sell tax loopholes ... couched as flat tax but really all about the enormous corruption around the sale of tax loopholes and the disastrous side-effect as it perculates through the rest of the economy (even joking about Ireland doing major lobbying against US tax reform ... because Ireland is major offshore tax haven for US companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

recent posts mentioning flat-tax and/or the 2008 economist roundtable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing

one of the other issues was that in the wake of the financial meltdown, there was recommendation to walstreet to "capture" as many academics and economists as possible (similar to the way they had captured regulatory agencies) for use in spinning data about need for financial regulatory reform. a few past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#44 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2014 09:33:52 -0500
Ibmekon writes:
Legal Notice The contents of this email can and will be read and stored by the USA Gov NSA, and may be shared with their commercial Contractor partners.

Legal Disclaimer Any reply may be used in evidence against you. Your location will be noted and you may be subject to drone attack without warning.


actually it may be the reverse ... references to 70% of the intelligence budget goes to for-profit companies and over half the people work for for-profit companies ... its whether the for-profit companies share it with their gov. supervisors.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing

past news reference ... including supposedly suspensions for various violations including using classified information to win gov. contracts (comment in article about people having been told of the suspensions observed that it didn't seem to have any impact on their revenue flow from the gov)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/snowden-case-not-the-first-embarassment-for-booz-allen--or-washingtons-burgeoning-contracting-industry/2013/07/08/30440b0a-d9b3-11e2-a9f2-42ee3912ae0e_story.html

one of the stories making the rounds is the person (spotlighted in the current news) troubles started when they were working at another agency ... they identified a gaping security hole and reported it to their gov. supervisor ... who didn't understand. The person then created an example exploit and took it to the agency inspector general ... and told the inspector general that it would demonstrate the gaping security hole by executing the exploit. The person was then "fired" on the excuse they violated security because they executed the example exploit (which they had never actually executed ... just provided it to the agency inspector general to execute).

at one point news was referencing that the person had been fired from previous job at another agency ... w/o any additional background info.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

write rings

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: write rings
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2014 09:43:05 -0500
Lawrence Statton <lawrence@perl.mx> writes:
A "write ring" is a plastic annulus roughly 110mm in outer diameter and 100 mm in inner diamater that can be inserted into an annular groove in the back-plate of a reel of 9-track tape. A pin on the tape drive senses the absence or presence of the ring to disallow or allow writing to the tape. "No ring, No write"

Links to a photo of a standard 2400' reel of tape with a white write ring installed and a yellow ring sitting adjacent.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/07/Write_protect_ring.agr.jpg

http://bit.ly/1iLbWRA


past posts about loosing lots of archived information from the 60s & 70s (even stuff that had been replicated on different tapes ... but all tapes in the same tape library) when the new almaden datacenter was having operational problems mounting random tapes as "scratch" (and being overwritten)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#14 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#13 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#4 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#51 Source code for s/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#96 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#65 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#32 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#45 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#39 1971PerformanceStudies - Typical OS/MFT 40/50/65s analysed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#3 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#4 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#80 TSO Profile NUM and PACK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#29 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#16 Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#62 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#22 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#72 Any cool anecdotes IBM 40yrs of VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#61 Google Patents Staple of '70s Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#68 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#60 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#20 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2014 11:21:59 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Congress is now used to paying for everything with debt. Do you really think they'll stop just because the interest rates go up?

there is little or no direct motivation for members of congress to pass spending bills that purposefully are funded by debt

allowing the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (which required spending not exceed tax revenue) had little to do with any motivation they got out of seeing spending exceed revenue (and would have all federal debt retired in 2010)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsiblity.act

motivation was that members of congress actually get paid when they sold tax loopholes ... they probably view it as incidental that there is no longer enough revenue to pay for government business.

there is the issue that they also get paid by MICC, beltway bandits and other special interests to pass huge gov. appropriations that line the pockets of for-profit corporations. However, it is somewhat incidental that getting paid for huge gov. appropriations to line pockets of for-profit corporations and also getting paid for the special interest tax loopholes ... happens to result in the appropriations have to be covered by debt.

for instance the 70% intelligence budget going to for-profit companies ... i've heard claims that congress expects 5% kickback on those contracts. other claims are lobbyists expect 10% of directed appropriations (congressional spending bills that can only be spent on directed purposes, usually involving specific business interests) which the lobbyists have to split with members of congress.

congress has huge financial motivation for passing large number of special interest tax loopholes (reducing tax revnue) as well as huge financial motivation to pass approprations that line the pockets of for-profit corporations (as well as increasing privatizing the federal government ... since there are pretty strict controls on congress getting kickbacks from gov. agencies).

all the stuff about enormous congressional corruption ... being paid for the special interest tax loopholes (reducing revenue) and well as being paid for spending that lines the pockets of for-profit companies happens to also result in exploding gov. debit.

While examples of congressional corruption can be found in all ages, the most recent period is much worse and dates from allowing the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2014 13:13:31 -0500
hancock4 writes:
They see the deficit as something someone ELSE will have to worry about down the road in the future, when they're safely retired.

Some states have had problems when the public discovered that various trust funds (transportation, worker's insurance, pensions, etc.) were raided by the legislature as a way to spend money without increasing taxes. No one is bothering to ask what legislators and governors approved the raids in the first place; even when those politicians are still in office.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#60 Royal Pardon For Turing

for the states they have tended to be restricted to having "balanced" budgets ... even written into state consitutions ... the only gimmick was to raid the various trust funds. they didn't have the luxury of letting the fiscal responsibility act expire enabling their financial corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

in the case of pension funds ... lots of parties were after them, as i've noted ... one of the major wallstreet motivations for being able to pay for triple-A ratings on toxic CDOs (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A ... from testimony at the oct2008 congressional hearings by employees from other departments at these rating agencies) ... was wallstreet being able to sell them to the large pension funds (restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments).

some of the gov. operations have been able to recover from too big to fail ... showing fraud based on false wallstreet represenetations and/or collusion between wallstreet and fund managers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2014 13:36:24 -0500
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
Snowden getting all of the NSA Top Secret documents and the company using classified information to bid for a contract suggests that there is a lack of compartmentalisation at Booz Allen. Particularly for computer files.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#58 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

some of this may behind the recent leaks that the agency being involved in industrial/economic espionage ... it may not be the agency itself ... it may be the for-profit companies using intelligence assets.
http://www.military.com/daily-news/2014/01/27/snowden-says-nsa-engages-in-industrial-espionage.html
http://www.salon.com/2014/01/26/snowden_the_nsa_is_also_engaged_in_industrial_espionage/
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/01/28/the-nsa-cia-and-the-promise-of-industrial-espionage/

note also previous references about Gerstner leaves IBM to head Carlyle and then Carlyle does reverse-IPO, private equity buyout of Booz Allen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

and private equity buyout companies are on intense pressure to service their debt ... including cutting all sorts of companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

over half of corporate defaults have been companies currently or formally held by private equity companies (all sorts of value is extracted by borrowing and putting the debt load on the company)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

however, this book claims gov. agencies and major corporate interests have had long relations ... including monotizing intelligence information
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-John-Perkins-ebook/dp/B001AFF266/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

dates back to at least the "banana republics" stories and US imperialism in the 1800s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_republic

above is more oriented towards support from the military ... but "economic hitman" makes references that wallstreet tended to view military action somewhat as last resort ... however there is wallstreet part of military-industrial-complex that draws revenue from having military operations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
like
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:13:23 -0500
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Some Univac drives that I used into the '90s had the option of adding some fixed heads, making a few tracks much faster to get at. I don't recall hearing of anyone purchasing it, though.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#10 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#11 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#12 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#49 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

ibm 3350 had fixed-head option (70s).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3350

I tried to get add-on feature added for "multiple-exposure" ... psuedo device addresses ... similar to what was available on 2305 fixed-head disks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_2305
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360#Block_multiplexer_channel

... that would enable data transfer from the fixed-head area overlapped while device disk arm was moving. past posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

i got blocked by group in pok that was working on electronic memory paging device (code-name vulcan) ... and they were afraid that if I got my feature in the market ... it could be used for improved paging throughput and undercut the market demand for their product.

as it happened, their product never shipped ... customer demand for processor (electronic) memory increased to the point where it was consuming all the manufacturing capacity ... and sold for higher price/mbyte ... so they couldn't justify selling scarce commodity at lower price/mbyte.

past posts about 3350 fixed head:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#104 Fixed Head Drive (Was: Re:Power distribution (Was: Re: A primeval C compiler)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#45 4M pages are a bad idea (was Re: AMD 64bit Hammer CPU and VM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#73 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#3 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#45 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#59 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#18 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#61 Z/VM support for FBA devices was Re: z/OS support of HMC's 3270 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#11 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#106 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#74 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:28:00 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
i got blocked by group in pok that was working on electronic memory paging device (code-name vulcan) ... and they were afraid that if I got my feature in the market ... it could be used for improved paging throughput and undercut the market demand for their product.

as it happened, their product never shipped ... customer demand for processor (electronic) memory increased to the point where it was consuming all the manufacturing capacity ... and sold for higher price/mbyte ... so they couldn't justify selling scarce commodity at lower price/mbyte.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#63 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

for other drift ... not long after my run in with the vulcan group ... internal IBM got a large supply of electronic memory devices ... referred to as 1655 ... that could be run in 2305 emulation mode. It turns out that the vendor had a bunch of memory that would fail tests for use as processor memory but still could be used for electronic device (IBM memory process didn't have that characteristic).

past posts discussing 1655s:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#17 database (or b-tree) page sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#53 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#31 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#17 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#40 Do any architectures use instruction count instead of timer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#15 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#17 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#55 HASP assembly: What the heck is an MVT ABEND 422?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#39 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#73 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#3 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#5 He Who Thought He Knew Something About DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#51 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#1 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#46 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#57 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#36 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#30 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#59 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#26 Tom's Hdw review of SSDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#9 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#4 Remembering the CDC 6600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#15 Flash memory arrays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#54 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#22 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#82 [OT] What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#75 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#9 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#43 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#0 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jan 2014 12:51:42 -0500
Stan Barr <plan.b@dsl.pipex.com> writes:
The round trip delay London to New York is 65 milliseconds - not too much of a problem.

HFT traders are focused on the difference between fiber and microwave transmission time to wallstreet.
http://us.aviatnetworks.com/solutions/low-latency-microwave/
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9234564/Microwave_vies_with_fiber_for_high_frequency_trading
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-frequency_trading
http://www.aglmediagroup.com/high-frequency-financial-trading-well-served-by-microwave/

recent posts mentioning HFT ... especially used to obfuscate the gaming/manipulating the market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#56 Royal Pardon for credit unions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jan 2014 15:15:09 -0500
hancock4 writes:
TJ Watson Sr was always big on making IBM "international". He made extended trips overseas with his family in the early days to develop markets for IBM equipment. I think even Hollerith had sold some equipment for census processing overseas.

linkedin now has ibm group specifically on subject of watson's "wild ducks" ... recent post on leadership

When I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the early 80s, he would talk about US corporate culture being contaminated by former military officers climbing the corporate ladder ... coming from a background of rigid, top-down command structure. More of Boyd is starting to show up in business ... upcoming conference at UCSD School of Management
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

This is comparison between German and US Army military schools ... with US turning out nearly the antithesis of leader ... aka what not to do (in contrast to German military Schools)
http://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/

recent talk the author gave at first division museum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces:
German junior officers were regularly asked for their opinions and they would criticize the outcome of a large maneuver with several divisions before the attending general had the floor. The American army culture in contrast has historically had a great problem with dissenters and mavericks and just speaking one's mind to a superior officer, disagreeing with or criticizing him could easily break a career.

... snip ...

from "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World" Ferguson & Morris on failure of Future System:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces:
As a young officer, Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote an article favoring mechanization of the cavalry.87 The article displeased the chief of infantry greatly and Ike was commanded not only to cease such heretical activities but also to publicly reverse his opinion. He was threatened with a court-martial.88 His superiors expected a fellow officer to become a sycophant.

... snip ...

One of Boyd's briefings at IBM was Organic Design for Command and Control ... which ends with what is really needed is "Appreciation and Leadership". Part of the briefings was observation that US corporate culture was becoming contaminated by former military officers climbing corporate ladder.

Boyd posts & web URLs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jan 2014 17:37:58 -0500
Lawrence Statton <lawrence@perl.mx> writes:
Today, no. The price on space-segment took a tumble in the late 80s - around the time that the Major Players started building up substantial fiber. In 1985, I could get a DS1 of bandwidth (typically running QAM in a 750 kHz channel) on C-band CONUS for about $1500/mo.

In 1990 it was $250 and there were many non-latency-critical applications that FLOCKED to those prices. For a week ;) I remember in mid-90s a Usenet-via-satellite product. I never tried it, but I know of NSPs in the SF Bay Area that did use it. (It was point-to-multipoint - your outbound batches still had to go over NNTP or C-news).

In 2000, I built a system for a university in Africa and we got 1MHz of priority Ku-band and another 5MHz segment of C-band we paid a less than $1,000 a month for both of them. Teleport charges on the US-end were more than space segment, IIRC. (Customer owned their own equipment on the Nigeria end.)

Now, I can get a CIR of 10Mb between any two points in the US for well under $100. The tail loops will cost more than the long-haul by an order of magnitude.


part of HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

was ku-band tdma system with transponder on sbs4 (went up on 41d, got invited to launch party at the cape)
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-41D.html

hsdt included a 4.5m dish in los gatos and 7m disk in austin (more humidity and longer path through atmosphere). use of the link for chip design was credit with help bring in the rios chipset (used for power, rs/6000) a year early.

Los gatos had the LSM (losgatos simulation machine or logic state machine) that did verification 50,000 faster than 370/168 software ... and there was also a tail circuit from los gatos to bldg.86 ... which had an EVE (endicott verification engine). recent posts mentioning LSM and EVE use for rs/6000 chipset
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#5 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)

posts mentioning 801, risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

in the 90s i got a 9600baud satellite dish in backyard (later upgraded to 19.2) with full usenet broadcast (one-way) feed ... in return for doing a couple drivers for their modem and co-authoring an article in boardwatch magazine ... a few past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#38 Vanishing Posts...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#66 UUCP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#16 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#17 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#16 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#75 Posts missing from ibm-main on google groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#92 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#26 Anyone here run UUCP?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jan 2014 17:22:48 -0500
hancock4 writes:
I worked on the AS/400 with used some F/S concepts like the single store layer. I personally thought it sucked. However, the AS/400 had a very passionate and devoted user community, so obviously the machine was popular with the customers.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#66 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola

F/S had very complex hardware and one-level-store design ... plus a lot of complex/bluesky stuff. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

one of the final nails in F/S coffin was analysis by IBM Houston Science Center that if Eastern's System/One res system (which ran on 370/195) ran on fastest FS machine (made out of same technology as 370/195), it would have throughput of 370/145 (between 15-30 times slowdown).

One-level-store was somewhat brought forward from tss/360 paged-mapped infrastructure. I had seen some amount of tss/360 paged-mapped filesystem at the univ. in the 60s ... I was playing with cp67/cms and IBM SE was playing with tss/360 on the same 360/67 hardware. We put together an emulated student fortran edit, compile and execute benchmark ... with think times and other characteristics. I ran it on cp67/cms with 35 emulated users and got better response time and throughput than he did with tss/360 with four emulated users.

I had learned quite about paged-map filesystem problems (and what not to do) from the tss/360 and attempted to address them all when I did a paged-map cp67/cms filesystem at the science center in the early 70s ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

I would periodically ridicule the FS people as not really knowing what they were doing.

Folklore is that when FS imploded, some numbers retreated to Rochester and did system/38. It had high-level interface and single-level-store that simplified the programming and operations ... but significantly impacted throughput ... however in the entry level market, hardware could somewhat be thrown at throughput issues.

An example of their single-level-store was that they treated all available disks as a single pool and did scatter allocation across all available disks. As a result all disks had to be treated as a single filesystem/entity and backed up as such. When there was a single disk failure ... the one disk would be replaced, but then the whole filesystem had to be completely restored ... which could take a day or more (even for small s/38 configuration).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/38

IBM san jose got patent for raid in 1977 ... and s/38 was the early adopter ... as countermeausre for single disk failure ... which was so tramatic for s/38 environment.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID

i did some work with ken when I got to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

as/400 was followon to combination of s/38 and s/36
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i
and relaxed some of the FS purity that was in s/38 ... including capability-based addressing ... one of the things that cost high-end FS a lot in throughput
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i#History

note that the executive we reported to when we started our ha/cmp product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

then went over to head-up somerset for AIM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIM_alliance

to do the single-chip 801/risc that would be used for power/pc, as/400, apple, etc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC

past 801, risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why is the US a decade behind Europe on 'chip and pin' cards?

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why is the US a decade behind Europe on 'chip and pin' cards?
Date: 30 Jan 2014
Blog: security
in the 80s & 90s, europe had "stored value" chip cards ... where electronic point-of-sale transactions could be done offline ... in large part because of the lack or expense of telco connectivity in Europe.

By the mid-90s that was starting to significantly change in Europe. At the same time in the US started to introduce online magstripe "stored value" cards (gift cards and merchant cards) which used the same POS terminals as credit cards ... but account number routed the transaction to different back end.

There was some attempt to introduce (EU) stored-value chipcards in the US in this time-frame. I was asked to design, scale, size, and cost the backend dataprocessing to support one such national rollout. However, as part of that I also did the business analysis and came up with almost all the justification was based on having the float on the stored-value. About this time, European central banks decreed that the "stored-value" chipcards would have to start paying interest on unspent value ... and all of the offerings evaporate (combination of loosing float and the increasing availability of telco connectivity).

A large chip&pin pilot was done in the US a little over a decade ago ... but it was during the YES CARD vulnerability. At an ATM Integrity Task Force meeting, secret service described the problems in some detail ... which prompted somebody in the audience to comment that they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove that chips are less secure than magstripe. In the wake of that all evidence of the pilot appeared to disappear w/o a trace. There has been some conjecture that US will wait awhile longer to make really sure that there still aren't lurking problems.

Also note that in some countries the incentive to deploy including reversing the burden of proof in dispute (which violate reg-e in the US). In one case I was contacted by legal representative where the individual was expected to prove that they hadn't done an ATM transaction ... in effect it fell on the individual to produce the video surveillance showing they hadn't done the transaction (the bank claimed that it couldn't find that particular video surveillance ... and wasn't obligated to prove it was the individual ... it was up to the individual to prove they weren't guilty).

oh, this is old trip report to cartes2002 (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine) ... at the bottom it discusses a little of a presentation on the YES CARD problem
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

I had tried to pass the information on the people doing the pilot in the US ... but they were myopically focused on lost/stolen card vulnerability. The YES CARD vulnerability is basically using same skimming technique for magstripes ... but load the information into a counterfeit chip ... rather creating a counterfeit magstripe. The fraud turned out to be worse than magstripe, since all magstripe transactions are online ... and turning off the account stops new transactions ... in the chip&pin case, business rules are programmed into the chip ... and a counterfeit YES CARD chip was able to continue doing transactions long after any account had been disabled.

posts mentioning YES CARD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 09:48:36 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#66 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#68 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola

as mentioned before ... part of internal politics during FS was shutting off anything that might be competition ... including shutting down &/or suspending 370 activity. The dearth of new 370 stusff during this period is then credited with giving clone processors a market foothold.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

now this references that major motivation for FS was the rise of clone controllers (... but then FS gives rise to clone processors)
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

from above (with reference to react to clone controllers):

IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such a high level of integration that it would be impossible for competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the project failed because the objectives were too ambitious for the available technology. Many of the ideas that were developed were nevertheless adapted for later generations. Once IBM had acknowledged this failure, it launched its 'box strategy', which called for competitiveness with all the different types of compatible sub-systems. But this proved to be difficult because of IBM's cost structure and its R&D spending, and the strategy only resulted in a partial narrowing of the price gap between IBM and its rivals.

... snip ...

past posts about having been involved in doing a clone controller as undergraduate in the 60s ... also sometime references to extreme complexity of SNA VTAM/NCP interface was trying to perpetuate the FS goals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

but SNA wasn't networking it was centralized communication supporting large number of dumb terminals ... attempting to protect this market in the late 80s (and fight off client/server and distributed computing) ... then contributes to downard slide of ibm mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

recent thread over in ibm-main
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#39 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#46 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#47 Resistance to Java

in the wake of FS failure, there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... in part trying to play catchup with the clone processors ... some reference to the Q&D 3033 and 3081 efforts (which didn't come off really well compared to clones)
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

as I've periodically referenced, I continued to do 360/370 stuff during the FS period ... even ridiculing FS ... which possibly wasn't a particularly career enhancing activity. reference to converting from cp67 to vm370 (during the FS period) ... with lots of enhancements and hobby of providing production operating systems for internal datacenters.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 10:12:51 -0500
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
The last one I used, was the Burroughs 5N HPT disk. 5ms access time. 5 to 20 megabytes in size, depending on number of EU's. Still operational in 1990 (but not available to customers since the early 80's).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#63 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#64 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front

ibm had two models of fixed-head 2305 ... one with about 11mbyte capacity, 1.5mbyte/sec transfer ... and another with half the capacity, 3mbyte/sec transfer and half the rotational delay.

for the faster one, they took half the heads so there were two heads per track, offset 180degrees ... and concurrent transfer from both heads (but only half as many tracks and half the capacity). however, since transfer could start as soon as record was under either head ... it was only quarter rotation for avg. rotational delay (instead half revolution). The 3mbyte transfer was somewhat problematical two-bytes in parallel and had channel cable distance limitations and the machines that it could connect to.

i never saw any of the 3mbyte/sec 2305s.
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2305.html

announced 28Jan1970, withdrawn 30jan1980

2305-1 avg access (rotational delay) 2.5milliseconds 2305-2 avg access (rotational delay) 5milliseconds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 10:40:55 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Further, today's S/360-family machines are so powerful that one box replaced several separate boxes. Data centers have consolidated.

but nothing like the large cloud megadatacenters.

from ibm annual reports, annual mainframe processor sales have been the equivalent of 180 max. configured z196 processor (or larger number of less powerful configurations). for past ten years that comes out to around 1800. other estimates are there are no more than 10,000 worldwide (lots of small/entry configurations and/or lots more than 10yrs old).

from a decade ago, i visited a financial datacenter that constantly upgraded their mainframes ... none order than 18m ... and had over a billion dollars worth. it was possibly in the top ten ... but there were a few that was multiple times larger. these few financial datacenters would account for more than half of IBM's annual mainframe revenue.

I've periodically claimed that a single large cloud megadatacenter has more processing power than all of the mainframes in the world today.

recent posts mentioning megadatacenters:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 14:15:42 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Likewise with PBS or Amtrak. But Repubs hate them for ideological reasons--mainly because their elders told them that such programs were evil, so that became the party line, dutifully followed by the minions. Amtrak has dropped out of the news of late, but some years ago those people were nuts to kill off Amtrak in order to eliminate the Federal deficit. That it was in fact a 'rounding error' as you said was utterly meaningless to them. Amtrak, P/P. PBS, etc., were the causes of the deficit. Oh yes, they wanted to _increase_ military spending.

the ideological reasons may be because that their isn't nearly as much graft & corruption ... the stories about the railroad robber barons was enormous graft & corruption, bought off the various legislative bodies, got government funding to put in the infrastructure, siphoned off as much money as possible and then declared bankruptcy to get around repaying the gov.

recent from stanford is book on the railroad robber barons (some articles that stanford was right up there with the worse ... one ref. was that economist that had tried to write about the subject a century ago ... was blackballed and had hard time finding a job).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

book
http://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
artile about book
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html

amtrack and bunch of other stuff was there when "their" party did the balanced budget in the 90s (which would have had *ALL* federal debt gone in 2010). Then the last decade, "they" (same party) let the fiscal responsibility act expire (required spending not exceed revenue)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

got paid for enormous number of tax loopholes ... between then and 2010, cut federal revenue by $6T ... and enormous increase in spending which heavily involved privatising gov., beltway bandits, and gov. contractors ... increase of $6T ... for $12T budget gap ... majority of the revenue cuts and spending increases continuing to this day.

Nearly all of the cuts now on the table involve programs that 1) predate letting the fiscal responsibility act expire and 2) don't involve enormously corrupt special interests providing funds to congress

those cuts are also mostly obfuscation and misdirection ... besides being rounding error in the federal budget ... lots of kabuki theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

and special interests not solely limited to the military industry complex (who are reporting record profits)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

other past mention of robber barons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#80 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#86 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#87 IBM driving mainframe systems programmers into the ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#13 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#55 The 10 Highest-Paid CEOs Who Laid Off The Most Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#66 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#51 The Truth About the "Robber Barons"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#60 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 15:00:30 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
That's because the Reps don't want a compromise, nor did they have any reason to in that case; the sequester cuts were just the first step toward their end goal of eliminating the entire federal govt--except for the parts that hand out corporate welfare, of course.

there is also the "moral hazard" line about profits to the too big to fail and risk to the taxpayer.

recent news about record fines for graft and corruption at too big to fail ... but since the fines are such a small part of the actual amounts involved ... too big to fail are announcing record executive raises and bonuses.
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/jamie-dimons-raise-proves-u-s-regulatory-strategy-is-a-joke-20140130
older
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/the-rumored-chase-madoff-settlement-is-another-bad-joke-20131216
http://www.csmonitor.com/Business/2014/0108/JPMorgan-s-Madoff-settlement-Are-banks-too-big-to-manage-video

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

other
http://money.cnn.com/2013/12/04/news/companies/libor-europe-fines/
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-12-04/too-big-fail-banks-are-taking-over-number-us-banks-falls-record-low
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/bank-of-america-too-crooked-to-fail-20120314
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-31/theft-deflationary-especially-crony-capitaliststate-kind
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-scam-wall-street-learned-from-the-mafia-20120620
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-12-05/those-too-big-stay-jail-walk-ge-three-go-free
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/dec/12/hsbc-prosecution-fine-money-laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 17:59:13 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#74 Royal Pardon For Turing

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Fraud-Ridden Banks Are Not L.A.'s Only Option
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/01/31/fraud-ridden-banks-are-not-l-a-s-only-option/

from above:
So why, asks Chicago Alderwoman Leslie Hairston, are we still doing business with them? She plans to introduce a city council ordinance deleting JPM from the city's list of designated municipal depositories.

... snip ...

references

JP Morgan's Frauds are Epic, Unprecedented in World History
http://usawatchdog.com/jp-morgans-frauds-are-epicunprecedented-in-world-history-william-black/
Sneed exclusive: Ald. Leslie Hairston wants city to stop doing business with Chase
http://www.suntimes.com/news/sneed/24961057-452/sneed-exclusive-ald-leslie-hairston-wants-city-to-stop-doing-business-with-chase.html
There's no profit in L.A. bashing JPMorgan Chase
http://articles.latimes.com/2014/jan/19/opinion/la-ed-jpmorgan-20140119
Winner Takes All: The Super-priority Status of Derivatives
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ellen-brown/winner-takes-all-the-supe_b_3054522.html
Judge Challenges Bankrupt Detroit's Secretive Deal With Banks
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/19/bankruptcy-judge-orders-detroit-swaps-deal_n_4468766.html
Green Light for City-Owned San Francisco Bank
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/green_light_for_city-owned_san_francisco_bank_20130802

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the palm of your hand?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: In the palm of your hand?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 20:24:57 -0500
Lon <lon.stowell@comcast.net> writes:
I think you mispelled built the first nuke. If you are not aware of the WW II German efforts in that area, you haven't seen enough movies.

some references about ww2 were to whether US or germany had the best germans
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project
references
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_nuclear_energy_project

... after ww2, it was whether US or soviets had the best germans.

Muth in Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901-1940:
The decline of reputation for the German Army did not last too long, at least not at the American military schools. One reason might have been that so much material about Prussian and German battles was available; another, the late acknowledgement that the First World War against the Germans had indeed been a close thing. This led to the odd reality that the German operations were more discussed than those of the other Allies or of the Americans themselves.

... snip ...

One of the issues was while some of the make-over of US military institutions was supposed to be in the image of germany ... they got several things wrong.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2014 21:39:44 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
and special interests not solely limited to the military industry complex (who are reporting record profits)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing

latest Spinney's tome on machinations of MICC
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2014/01/what-is-real-price-of-starting-another.html
and
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/01/31/what-is-the-real-price-of-starting-another-cold-war/

previous ... effectively cut budget every where else in order to increase budget (as well as eliminate projects that are embarrassments) for major military industry projects
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2014/01/toys-before-boys.html
and
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/01/17/defense-spending-putting-toys-before-boys/

boyd posts and web urls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Chuck is scheduled for:
http://rady.ucsd.edu/exec/open/boyd-conference/
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 31 Jan 2014 21:02:08 -0800
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
Not only is it bad practice in general, self modifying code tends to be extremely slow on modern processors, usually involving considerable pipeline stalls and cache flushing. Of course once done it's fast, but the actual change is usually quite painful. The traditional S/360 coding practices that often put code and data near together is also problematic, modifying data within some distance of executed code is often very painful too, IIRC, it was the z900 first that bit a bunch of people who had any code and modifiable data in the same 256 byte block.

mvs & vm/370 had a bunch of kernel rework for (4-way) 3084 to make data areas cache aligned and multiples of cache line size ... claims that it increased overall system throughput 5-6%.

vm370 did accurately track time used ... but mvs is quite a bit sloppier ... which gives rise to "capture ratio" ... ratio cpu accounted for compared to total cpu busy.
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/tividd/td/TDS390/SH19-6818-08/en_US/HTML/DRLM9mst48.htm
and
http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/zos/v1r12/topic/com.ibm.zos.r12.erba900/erbzpm9030.htm

and could even be as low as 40% ... really old email discussing capture ratio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email800717

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Shocking news: Execs do what they're paid to do

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Shocking news: Execs do what they're paid to do
Date: 31 Jan 2014
Blog: Slightly East of New
re:
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/02/01/shocking-news-execs-do-what-theyre-paid-to-do/

The Prophet of No Profit; How Jeff Bezos won the faith of Wall Street.
http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2014/01/amazon_earnings_how_jeff_bezos_gets_investors_to_believe_in_him.single.html

I've posted several times recently with regard to IBM

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Feb 2014 06:45:44 -0800
tedmacneil@BELL.BLACKBERRY.NET (Ted MacNEIL) writes:
I've been doing capacity planning since 1981. VM is better than MVS, but it's not 100% accurate.

No software monitor can be.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time

it may not be reproducible because of things like cache effects ... which would affect hardware monitors also. its not a software monitor issue ... it is whether the kernel diligently does the clock operations for every piece of work.

MVS (and vm370) gets total cpu busy by clocking in and out of wait state and subtracting it from elapsed. however vm370 does that also for every other thing it does also ... so all the accounted for time plus wait state time should come up to elapsed time (there may be tiny slop doing the clock instructions ... or if PR/SM underneath is doing something)

the detailed MVS capture ratio discussions imply that MVS isn't even bothering to do the clock accounting for large parts of the kernel (and in some cases has been as high as 60%).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Feb 2014 07:24:23 -0800
edgould1948@COMCAST.NET (Ed Gould) writes:
At one time (MVS) there was a product called QCM. Which did measure precisely the amount of CPU time that was used by the task and by MVS. Alas it is (AFAIK) no longer marketed.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time

not accounting ... but performance ... for ecps microcode assist, originally for 138/148 ... we were told that the machine had 6kbytes of available microcode space ... and 370 kernel instructions mapped approx. 1:1 in no. bytes into microcode instructions ... and we were to find the highest used 6k bytes of vm370 kernel.

two approaches were done ... modification of 370/145 microcode to sample the psw address and increment a counter for the corresponding address range (had counter for every 32bytes). the other was special vm370 kernel was built that generated time-stamp at entry and exit of every module (intra-module paths could be time between calls to other modules). this is old post with the results of this ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

which showed the highest 6kbytes of kernel code accounting for 79.55% of kernel execution time.

note that in the early 70s, the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

had done something similar to the microcode monitor but with a software full instruction simulator ... which tracked every instruction executed and every data fetch and every data store. an application was then written that took all the addresses and did semi-automated program reorganization optimizing for running in virtual memory paged environment ... and of course ... it could also be used for hot-spot identification. A lot of the internal development groups began using it as part of the transition to 370 virtual memory operation. It was also released as a product in 1976 as VS/Repack.

I did a special data collection for VS/Repack ... a vm370 kernel option that would run an application in 10 real pages and record virtual page faults. The granularity wasn't as good as full instruction simulation ... but it ran significantly faster and was nearly as good for the purposes of program reorganization for paged environment.

note that the science center besides doing virtual machines, the internal network (also used for bitnet), inventing GML (which morphs into SGML and then HTML) ... also did extensive work on performance montioring, performance tuning, system modeling and workload profiling ... which then morphs into capacity planning.

One of the system models was an APL system analytical model which was made available on (world-wide sales&marketing support) HONE called the performance predictor ... customer SEs could provide customer system and workload characteristics and then ask what-if questions about what happens if the hardware and/or workload was changed.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

somebody in europe obtains the rights to a descendent of the performance predictor in the early 90s (in the period that the company had gone into the red, had been reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company) and had ran it through a APL to C-language translator. I run into him last decade doing consulting work at large mainframe financial datacenters (operations with 40+ maxed out mainframes, billion dollar+, machines constantly being upgrade, none older than 18m ... these operations account for major portion of annual mainframe revenue). I had found 14% improvement in application that ran every night on 40+ maxed out (MVS) mainframes (the number of machines sized so the application finishes in the overnight batch window).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Feb 2014 08:27:20 -0800
edjaffe@PHOENIXSOFTWARE.COM (Ed Jaffe) writes:
Modern operating systems use the System z Extract-CPU-Time Facility, which accumulates accurate execution time, in cooperation with PR/SM, without any "slop."

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time

thats what I would have thot ... but I checked the ibm references for capture ratio ... and the references cited in the original post still goes into discussion about "capture ratio" (up through zos r12)

detailed discussion of smf type 70, 72, and 30 records
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/tividd/td/TDS390/SH19-6818-08/en_US/HTML/DRLM9mst48.htm

this "analyzing processor characteristics" gets into more discussion of "capture ratio"
http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/zos/v1r12/topic/com.ibm.zos.r12.erba900/erbzpm9030.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Feb 2014 08:42:22 -0800
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
somebody in europe obtains the rights to a descendent of the performance predictor in the early 90s (in the period that the company had gone into the red, had been reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company) and had ran it through a APL to C-language translator. I run into him last decade doing consulting work at large mainframe financial datacenters (operations with 40+ maxed out mainframes, billion dollar+, machines constantly being upgrade, none older than 18m ... these operations account for major portion of annual mainframe revenue). I had found 14% improvement in application that ran every night on 40+ maxed out (MVS) mainframes (the number of machines sized so the application finishes in the overnight batch window).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time

trivia ... this particular application had couple decade history (at the time some 450k cobol statements) and a dedicated performance group of possibly 100 people. the issue was that they had gotten quite myopic in the techniques they used for looking at performance and throughput ... including lots of low-level hotspot.

the science center in the 70s used numerous techniques, system modeling, hot-spot, multiple regression analysis, simulation, workload profiling, etc. turns out the 14% was in a macro characteristic that wasn't evident in the low-level hotspot micro-level (but represented a couple hundred million savings because of the large number of mainframes involved).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Feb 2014 09:06:52 -0800
tedmacneil@BELL.BLACKBERRY.NET (Ted MacNEIL) writes:
A long time ago, in a lab far far away, IBM made a (possibly erroneous) decision when CPU was expensive to not measure everything. The rough guideline, so I was told was it took 4-8000 instructions to measure an event. So, anything under 20K was not worth it (again, I'm quoting what I was told from [old] memory). Also, at the time, no console activity measured (ie: operator commands). Some things changed when SMF Typ30-6 waw introduced (System Address Spaces).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time

tymshare was one of the virtual machine-based online commercial service bureau ... among other things they made their online computer conferencing system available free to *SHARE* starting in aug1976 ... vmshare archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

they also wrote a capability-based 370 operating system GNOSIS ... a major objective was to do detailed accounting for detailed user use of 3rd party applications, databases, files, etc ... to be able to remit to the 3rd parties, pro-rated revenue based on user use of each resource.

in the 80s, M/D bought tymshare and spun off a number of things, including GNOSIS (into new company key logic). I was brought in to audit/evaluate GNOSIS as part of the spin-off. It turns out all the accounting in the capability boundary crossing was using 30% of the processor.

After the spin-off, they removed all the 3rd party accounting from the capability interfaces that significantly speeded up things. They were able to show KeyKOS (aka GNOSIS) running various kinds applications faster than IBM's TPF ... and with significantly higher security than any other operating system.

The high level capability abstraction allowed a lot of performance optimization that isn't possible in traditional operating system ... and at the same time significantly increased the performance. It is too bad that they weren't able to interest any IBM mainframe customers. However a number operations have taken the KeyKOS/GNOSIS design and moved them to other hardware platforms ... aiming for EAL7 level security ... *AND* high performance.

Note that capability was part of the IBM Future System design ... but done in the hardware which resultetd in horrible performance (no benefits of higher level abstraction optimization). A major factor in performance analysis that 370/195 applications run on an FS machine made from 370/195 components would have throughput of 370/145 (factor of 15-30 times slowdown), which contributed to its eventual failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Capabilty was also part of the IBM's s/38 (folklore that after FS failure, some FS people retreated to rochester and did the s/38). The as/400 which was combination of s/38 & s/36 followon dropped the capability stuff.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Feb 2014 10:55:32 -0800
edjaffe@PHOENIXSOFTWARE.COM (Ed Jaffe) writes:
Naturally, the laws of physics dictate the notion of a capture ratio will always exist, but the "uncaptured" problem has been minimized and for many is no longer worthy of serious concern.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time

still in r13, this mention what to do if your capture ratio is below 80%
http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/zos/v1r13/topic/com.ibm.zos.r13.erba900/erbzpm9056.htm

definately better than the days when it could be less than 40%

and the "analyzing processor characteristics" in r13 doesn't appear to have changed
http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/zos/v1r13/topic/com.ibm.zos.r13.erba900/erbzpm9029.htm

although this reference in r13 documentation has refs from r11 system
http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/zos/v1r13/topic/com.ibm.zos.r13.erba900/erbzpm9041.htm

but the capture ratio section seems to be r13 system and has example of 71% ... but comment is that most systems should be better than 80% ... again lot better than the days of 40%

"Capacity Planning" SHARE presentation still discusses that low and/or varying capture ratio is problem
https://share.confex.com/share/119/webprogram/Handout/Session11598/capplan_mistakes.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can America Win Wars?

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Can America Win Wars?
Date: 01 Feb 2014
Blog: Slightly East of New
re:
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/01/13/can-america-win-wars/
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars?

For-profit MICC companies want constantly increasing quarterly profits as part of executives compensation objectives. The nature of a lot of MICC funding would ebb & flow with conflicts. Spinney and others' theme about MICC objective of continuous conflict (perpetual war) is efforts by MICC maintaining their ever increasing profits objectives. Other fallback plans are shifting budget from gov. payroll and projects to for-profit companies. This shows up in intelligence with claim that at least 70% of the intelligence budget now goes to for-profit companies and over half the people are from for-profit companies (along with for-profit companies have enormous motivation to cut corners to meet profit objectives).

One of the scenarios from Lockheed was that the disastrous cut in pentagon budget (back to 2007 levels at peak of the 2 wars), would result in loss of jobs. Somebody pointed out that in the interval since 2007, Lockheed's profit increased, executive compensation increased ... at the same time they were laying off employees (Lockheed was constantly reducing employees regardless). They would be perfectly happy if returning to 2007 funding levels also met that they returned to 2007 employee levels.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Boyd's briefings about WW2 was US strategy was overwhelming resources and logistics ... sometimes 10:1. Muth's comparison of German and US military schools references lack of leadership and tactics in the US. Since then conflicts have had opponents resorting to tactics that attempts to nullify the enormous resource advantage (and with the enormous resources nullified, there was little or no tactics to fall back on). In Vietnam it was "grab them by the belt" ... get so close that heavy artillery bombardment and air strikes were ruled out. Muth references German military exchange students in the US during 20s&30s visiting large manufacturing facilities (like Ford) ... but they had difficulty leveraging that knowledge.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

One history of fall of Rome (The Fall of the Roman Empire : A New History of Rome and the Barbarian) was that North Africa was its economic powerhouse that provided resources to pay for foreign soldiers protecting the borders in Europe (and allowing taxes on the wealthy to be eliminated). It was believed North Africa was not at risk and they didn't station sufficient forces there and it fell by sneak attack. With the loss of the North Africa economic powerhouse all the rest eventually unravels.

linkedin now has ibm group specifically on subject of watson's "wild ducks" ... recent post on leadership

This is comparison between German and US Army military schools ... with US turning out nearly the antithesis of leader ... aka what not to do (in contrast to German military Schools)
http://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/
recent talk the author gave at first division museum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces:
German junior officers were regularly asked for their opinions and they would criticize the outcome of a large maneuver with several divisions before the attending general had the floor. The American army culture in contrast has historically had a great problem with dissenters and mavericks and just speaking one's mind to a superior officer, disagreeing with or criticizing him could easily break a career.

... snip ....

from "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World" Ferguson & Morris on failure of Future System:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces:
As a young officer, Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote an article favoring mechanization of the cavalry.87 The article displeased the chief of infantry greatly and Ike was commanded not only to cease such heretical activities but also to publicly reverse his opinion. He was threatened with a court-martial.88 His superiors expected a fellow officer to become a sycophant.

... snip ...

One of Boyd's briefings at IBM was Organic Design for Command and Control ... which ends with what is really needed is "Appreciation and Leadership". Part of the briefings was observation that US corporate culture was becoming contaminated by former military officers climbing corporate ladder.

...

note that Boyd's briefings at IBM was also during the period that there was starting to be a lot of blame laid at the door of the rise of MBAs and myopic focus on quarterly numbers/profits. More recently there has been a lot written that myopic focus quarterly numbers as basis for top executive compensation has severely perverted how companies are run.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2014 13:01:55 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
But we are still wondering why the FEDs stopped publishing the M3 figures in 2003. They are the single point that tell how mush ready money is circulating. What do they know that we don't?

-- mrr

M3 is the sum of cash (notes+coins) (M1) plus immediate deposis like giros or chequeus and their associated accounts (M2) plus available instand credit; like available credit on credit cards, debit cards etc.

They still publish M1 and M2; but they became increasingly irrelevant during the 1980s. It is the credit limit on ready cash that counts.


How Central Banks Cause Income Inequality
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-02-01/how-central-banks-cause-income-inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2014 15:49:51 -0500
I was there during much of the 70s

Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer
http://angelinvestingnews.blogspot.com/2014/02/happy-50th-birthday-to-ibm-cambridge.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2014 17:23:49 -0500
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
A local McD's had an overflow room. The walls were painted bright, cheery colours that would drive you nuts after 15 minutes or so. It was _not_ occupied unless the main room was full.

when eric's first open across the street from plant site, they had overflow room ... the motif was somewhat barn ... there was sliding door into the main room that was kept closed and a regular door on the back wall ... for some reason it had my name on it.

on friday's after work they let us have the overflow room and pitchers of anchor steam for 1/2 price.

erics is still there but many of the bldgs that were on the ibm disk plant site are gone ... empty lots, bldgs plowed under... including bldg 28.
https://maps.google.com/maps?q=erics,+Cottle+Rd,+San+Jose,+CA&hl=en&ll=37.248214,-121.803113&spn=0.008805,0.005933&sll=37.249965,-121.803419&sspn=0.00442,0.008256&t=h&z=17

posts mentioning plant site on cottle rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#56 South San Jose (was Tysons Corner, Virginia)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#4 YKYGOW...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#39 Why Use *-* ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#36 So I tried this //vm.marist.edu stuff on a slow Sat. night,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#45 ibm time machine in new york times?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#56 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#7 An informed populace
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#34 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#24 Public disclosure of discovered vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#17 Communications Computers - Data communications over telegraph
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#21 IBM up for grabs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#22 IBM up for grabs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#24 IBM up for grabs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#29 Historic IBM Building 25 in San Jose destroyed by fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#30 Historic IBM Building 25 in San Jose destroyed by fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#34 Historic IBM Building 25 in San Jose destroyed by fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#19 CA ESD files Options
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#45 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#76 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#63 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#20 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#5 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#77 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#26 The Big, Bad Bit Stuffers of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#27 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can America Win Wars?

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Can America Win Wars?
Date: 02 Feb 2014
Blog: Slightly East of New
re:
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/01/13/can-america-win-wars/
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#86 Can America Win Wars?

5 years after a classified report, Virginia-class subs have no proof of full combat worthiness
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/5-years-after-classified-report.html

references
http://www.dote.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2013/pdf/navy/2013ssn774.pdf
http://www.dote.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2013/pdf/navy/2013arci.pdf
and Lessons Not Learned
http://rogerthompson.info/Lessons_Not_Learned_MR23.html

which mentions Raising the Bar: Creating and Nurturing Adaptability to Deal with the Changing Face of War.
http://www.amazon.com/Raising-the-Bar-ebook/dp/B00EGST4FO/

military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2014 19:29:24 -0500
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
They are semi-secret. 'Secret' is where tax officials do not like spending holidays.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#32 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#51 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#53 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing

Liechtenstein was on FED's money laundering blacklist ... apparently swiss bankers were having the actual transactions done across the border. I got invited to Liechtenstein financial conference (at the schloss halfway up the hill) for european CEOs and exchange presidents ... apparently part of trying to get off money laundering blacklist. Stayed at inn ... originally built in the 1300s(?). Innkeeper would make jokes about constantly getting lots of people that had business cards which said dept. of money laundering (instead of anti-money laundering)

posts mentioning money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
posts mentioning tax evasion & tax havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

past posts mentioning Liechtenstein
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#64 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#42 The Godfather of Kathmandu
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#34 Mitt Romney avoids U.S tax by using Offshore bank accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#95 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#64 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#80 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#84 spacewar

Part of the conference was about Sarbanes-Oxley audits leaking into europe. I pontificated about the audits weren't going to be able to improve financial reporting fraud ... aka Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
claims in congress was SOX was going to guarantee executives and auditors would do jail time and prevent future enrons & worldcoms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

jokes at the time were that the SOX audits were just a full employment program for auditors.

then apparently GAO even thought that SEC wasn't doing anything and in the middle of last decade starting doing reports on public company financial report fraud ... even showing uptic after SOX ... and nobody doing jail time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

then in the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that had tried unsuccesfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. Part of his testimony was that tips turn up 13 times more fraud than audits ... and that SEC didn't have tip hotline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

write rings

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: write rings
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2014 21:45:07 -0500
"Joe Morris" <j.c.morris@verizon.net> writes:
That's a good point that is often missed in going through the pros and cons of tape labels. Labels work best in an environment where all of the tapes belong to the computer center and are managed by a decent tape library program, but (especially where there is a library program) when labeled tapes from (or were written by) another facility come in their labels may collide with ones used by the facility's own tapes, with unpredictable results.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#59 write rings

part of having done the original cmsback ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

I wrote my own tape label processing routine. It became increasingly used at internal datacenters. For version2, i got help .... from the person mentioned here ... before he left ibm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

it mentions him doing port of AT&T C to cms ... and ported a bunch of engineering design tools. however before that ... after leaving ibm ... it did work for two vm370 software companies implementing backup and archives systems.

then some other people were brought on board to do later versions of cmsback ... which eventually is released to as workstation datasave facility (wdsf). WDSF then morphs into ADSM (adstar storage manager) ... then when adstar was being offloaded, ADSM was transferred to tivoli and became TSM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager

the above mentions cmsback at almaden data center around 1988, but i had done the original implementation nearly a decade earlier.

I've mentioned that in the wake of Future System failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines. Part of that was head of POK convince corporate to kill vm370 product, shutdown the burlington mall development group and transfer all the people to POK to support mvs/xa development (or otherwise it wouldn't make ship date some 6-8yrs later). Endicott managed to save vm370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. In the burlington mall shutdown some amount of stuff was lost ... including the source for VMFPLC ... the standard product distribution program.

It turns out that I did manage to find a version of source for them.

For cmsback i did a lot of modifications for vmfplc that i called vmxplc ... the format used for several generations of cmsback. Standard cms tape used 800bytes physical tape data blocks preceeding by a small "FST" (file status) physical block per file. vmfplc increase max physical tape data block to 4kbytes ... but for lots of small files, tape was still half interblock gaps (because of the separate FST physical block). For vmxplc i merged the FST physical block with the first data block ... eliminating the additional tape interblock gap per file (for small files, doubled capacity per tape) and increased max. data block size to 12kbytes. as tape went from 800bpi to 6250bpi ... tape became increasing populated with interblock gaps ... if there wasn't increasing physical block size.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
Date: 03 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/maximizing-shareholder-value-the-goal-that-changed-corporate-america/2013/08/26/26e9ca8e-ed74-11e2-9008-61e94a7ea20d_story.html

IBM's core business is maximizing executive compensation ... which translates into whatever the executive compensation plan calls for.

reference to corporate governance doesn't ever mention maximizing shareholder value (... but tends to be a rallying cry behind which maximizing executive compensation occurs)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

from above:
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

however, that doesn't stop a multinational company from raiding pension plans in countries where it is allowed to ... from Retirement Heist:
IBM couldn't just pull the plug on the subsidy, because pension law doesn't allow a company to take away a benefit a person has already earned or take away a pension right or feature the company has granted. "So we had to design something different," Sauvigne said. Enter Louis V. Gerstner Jr., IBM's new president. He'd headed RJR Nabisco in 1993 when it faced a similar dilemma: how to reduce pensions and remove the retirement subsidy without obviously violating the law or provoking an employee backlash. Gerstner and IBM turned to Watson Wyatt, the same consulting firm that had helped Nabisco solve its pension problem.

... snip ...

posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

Gerstner "wins" competition to be next CEO of AMEX. The looser leaves and takes his protege Jamie Dimon. AMEX is in competition with KKR to do private equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble with RJR and hires Gerstner away to do turn around of RJR. Then the IBM board hires Gerstner away to resurrect IBM and reverse the planned breakup (IBM had been reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for the breakup). About the same time that IBM goes into the red, AMEX spins off much of its dataprocessing in the largest IPO (until that time) as Firstdata.

Looser in competition for next CEO of AMEX (and protege Dimon) make a number of acquisitions eventually taking over Citibank in violation Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall ... enabling too big to fail. Dimon then goes on to be head of another too big to fail.

Gerstner leaves IBM and goes on to head up another private equity company Carlyle. Since the start of the century, private equity business has somewhat morphed, they borrow money to buy a company, then put the loan on that company's books ... private equity take-over companies are under intense pressure to do whatever is necessary to service the debt (joke about analogy to house flipping, except company can be sold for less than paid and still make enormous profit ... since they don't have to pay off the loan used to buy the company). Over half corporate defaults are by companies currently or formally owned by private equity
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

One of Carlyle private-equity take-overs is BAH ... which is at the center of the intelligence news. Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower.

... snip ...

How Booz Allen Hamilton Swallowed Washington
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington

Investigate Booz Allen Hamilton, not Edward Snowden; The firm that formerly employed both the director of national intelligence and the NSA whistleblower merits closer scrutiny
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jun/14/edward-snowden-investigate-booz-allen

... and bought by Carlyle

In the 90s, Firstdata merges with First Financial, picking up Western Union (but has to spinoff Moneygram). In middle of last decade, the enormous increase in illegal workers sending paychecks home, WU grows to be half of Firstdata bottom line. Firstdata corporate hdqtrs is lopped off and WU is spun-off in IPO ... and KKR does private-equity takeover of the remainder in the largest reverse-IPO up until that time (15yrs after Firstdata was the largest IPO). Disclaimer: I'm doing stint as chief scientist at Firstdata attached to corporate hdqtrs and am collateral damage as part of eliminating Firstdata corporate hdqtrs.

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 Feb 2014 10:04:29 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
The US is in a precarious situation. The only ones who _can_ contribute much more taxes are the rich. And they have been getting some very good tax cuts that were not funded.

I would go for as flat a tax as can be arranged, with an uplift at the bottom. If you arranged for reverse taxes you could do away with the entire social network and let the IRS do the payout.


as previously mentioned ... congress in the 90s was on its way to eliminating all federal debt (by 2010) and had the fiscal responsibility act that spending couldn't exceed revenue.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

then in 2002 congress let the fiscal responsibility act expired and went crazy eliminating tax revenue and increasing spending ... by 2010 tax revenue had been cut by $6T compared to baseline and spending increased by $6T compared to baseline ... for $12T budget gap ... congress motivating by financial incentives from specail interests ... for both the large reduction in tax revenue and the increase in spending ... with little change in revenue and spending trajectories.

the first major legislation after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 was medicare part-d
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

... which the comptroller general calls coming to be a $40T unfunded mandated that totally swamps all other budget items ... the tax loopholes and spending after fiscal responsibility act expires seems to be major motivation for comptroller general to start including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

CBS 60mins does expose on legislative process getting medicare part-d passed. They have 18 republican congressmen & staffers shepherding the bill through the process. Just before the final vote, they insert a one line sentence in the bill the prohibits competitive bidding (that they describe as enormous gift to the pharmaceutical industry) and block CBO from destributing report on the effects of that one line change. Shortly after the bill passes 60mins finds all 18 have resigned on are on drug industry payrolls. They then show drugs under part-d that are three times the price of identical drugs under VA (which allows competitive bidding).

super wealthy and corporations are major special interests providing financial incentives to congress for tax loopholes & other evasions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

recent reference to corporate tax rate nominal 35% ... but effective tax (with enormous number of special interest tax loopholes) is only 12.6%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#32 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 Feb 2014 11:06:47 -0500
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Hm.. Eric's Deli Cafe is still there (it is a chain, btw). Probably not quite as busy as during IBM's heyday, but good sandwiches.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turning

last time I visited they had opened up what had been the overflow room

left ibm and moved to morgan hill in the early 90s ... would go to the erics there (now 32 locations)
http://www.eriksdelicafe.com/locations.php

left the valley start of the century ... but get back at least once a year ... if nothing else ... for annual hackers conference (over the yrs i've only missed maybe 3 or 4)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hackers_Conference

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 Feb 2014 11:33:45 -0500
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
The target store is up, and opens in a couple of weeks on the north west end of the site. The safeway is being built. Traffic is gonna suck once all the (very dense) housing is finished. Might be time to consider leaving the area. They've already screwed up the highway 87 interchange with cottle.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turning

c/87/85/ ... 85 runs cross vally from 101 to 880/17 and then angles north across 280 and back up to 101.

when 85 was originally put in ... it cut-off part of the back of bldg 28 parking lot (old ibm san jose research, before it moved up the hill to new almaden bldg). also it split the IBM employee rec. area ... so they had to dig a deep underpass between the plant site and the rec. area.
https://maps.google.com/maps?q=Cottle+Rd,+highway+85,+San+Jose,+CA&hl=en&ll=37.243773,-121.79939&spn=0.015416,0.0128&sll=37.249871,-121.801772&sspn=0.015415,0.0128&t=h&hq=Cottle+Rd,&hnear=California+85,+San+Jose,+Santa+Clara+County,+California&fll=37.242663,-121.795013&fspn=0.015417,0.0128&z=17

the rec. area is now housing development ... and the underpass filled in.

87 runs from 101 almost due south past the airport through downtown san jose, across 280 and deadends at 85 near almaden valley.
https://maps.google.com/maps?q=highway+85+highway+87,+san+jose&hl=en&ll=37.277741,-121.966438&spn=0.246549,0.204792&sll=37.243773,-121.79939&sspn=0.015416,0.0128&t=h&hnear=California+85,+San+Jose,+Santa+Clara+County,+California&z=13

old IBM plant site address was 5600 Cottle rd; runs north/south for couple miles from monterey rd (old 101) and deadends at the hills.

big cloverleaf at cottle road/85 intersection ... taking up a whole lot of real-estate

There use to be T3 collins digital radio microwave from roof old santa teresa lab (now silicon valley lab) to microwave repeater tower on the hill to roof of bldg. 12 on the main plant site. When 85 first went in, people would complain about their radar detectors being triggered driving on that section of 85 (line-of-site between the repeater tower and bldg12).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where does the term Wild Duck come from?

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Where does the term Wild Duck come from?
Date: 03 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
Ferguson & Morris in their "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World" has account of the effects of the failure of the future system effort in the 70s resulted in shift in the culture with top executives trying to save face (make no waves and sycophancy in place of open debate of the Watsons). posts mentioning future system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

in the wake of Future System failure, there were also comments about wild ducks are tolerated as long as they fly in formation.

IBM's 100yr celebration putting out various items ... one was about wild ducks ... but it had been respun as wild duck customers (no longer any ibm employee references).

In the early 80s, I met John Boyd and sponsored his briefings at IBM (some amount of "leadership" content). I originally tried to have it sponsored through employee education department. Initially they agreed, but as I supplied more information about Boyd, they changed their mind, that it wouldn't be appropriate for general employees and audience should be restricted to senior people in competitive analysis departments. They said that they spend large amounts on management education on how to handle general employees, and it would be counter productive to expose them to Boyd. posts (& references around web) mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

In the mid-80s, senior management was predicting that IBM revenue was going to double ($60B to $120B) mostly on mainframe business and there was massive internal building program to double mainframe product manufacturing capacity (at the time, it was not career enhancing to point out that the business was already starting to move in the opposite direction and few short years later, the company goes into the red). At my executive exit interview in 1992, I was told they could have forgiven me for being wrong ... but they were never going to forgive me for being right.

the "how to stuff a wild duck" poster
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/GO/wildDuck.html

note while commandant of the Marine Corps leveraged Boyd for make-over of the Marine Corps in 1990 timeframe (and Marines still sponsor annual Boyd conference at Quantico) ... and the SECDEF called him back from retirement to do the battle plan for desert storm ... Boyd is also starting to leak into business (over 30yrs after I sarted having him do his briefings at IBM). UCSD school of management is having a Boyd themed conference coming up "Boyd for Business & Innovation" conference:
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

Tom Watson, Jr quoted
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/watsonjr/watsonjr_quoted2.html
Kierkegaard drew his point -- you can make wild ducks tame, but you can never make tame ducks wild again. One might also add that the duck who is tamed will never go anywhere any more. We are convinced that any business needs its wild ducks. And in IBM we try not to tame them. (1963)

...

as i've commented several times ... this 100yr centennial was about wild duck customer ... and had eliminated all references to Watson wild duck employees
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksQrJh7s7N0

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to groom a leader?

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How to groom a leader?
Date: 03 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
When I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the early 80s, he would talk about US corporate culture being contaminated by former military officers climbing the corporate ladder ... coming from a background of rigid, top-down command structure. More of Boyd is starting to show up in business ... upcoming conference at UCSD School of Management
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

This is comparison between German and US Army military schools ... with US turning out nearly the antithesis of leader ... aka what not to do (in contrast to German military Schools)
http://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/

recent talk the author gave at first division museum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces:
German junior officers were regularly asked for their opinions and they would criticize the outcome of a large maneuver with several divisions before the attending general had the floor. The American army culture in contrast has historically had a great problem with dissenters and mavericks and just speaking one's mind to a superior officer, disagreeing with or criticizing him could easily break a career.

... snip ...

from "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World" Ferguson & Morris on failure of Future System:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces:
As a young officer, Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote an article favoring mechanization of the cavalry.87 The article displeased the chief of infantry greatly and Ike was commanded not only to cease such heretical activities but also to publicly reverse his opinion. He was threatened with a court-martial.88 His superiors expected a fellow officer to become a sycophant.

... snip ...

One of Boyd's briefings at IBM was Organic Design for Command and Control ... which ends with what is really needed is "Appreciation and Leadership". Part of the briefings was observation that US corporate culture was becoming contaminated by former military officers climbing corporate ladder.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 Feb 2014 15:40:21 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
It will quickly turn into socialism because all wealth will be seized when the debt has to be paid off.

congress in the 90s had balanced budget, all debt was going to be paid off by 2010 and fiscal responsibility act required that spending not exceed revenue.

then in congress in 2002 allowed fiscal responsibility act to expire ... major motivation was (relatively) enormous finds from special interests lobbying for both tax loopholes (to the tune of $6T by 2010) and mostly special interest spending (to the tune of $6T by 2010 creating a $12T budget gap by 2010).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

lobbying congress for special interest tax loopholes has been claimed to be the highest business ROI on the order of 1000:1 ... estimated $6B for that $6T in tax reduction.

the increase in spending last decade including heavy privatising of the gov. including shift from gov. employees (reducing actual number of gov. employees) to for-profit companies ... some claim that congress expects 5% kickback on gov. contracts ("lobbying" by gov. agencies prohibited ... but for-profit companies have no such limitation).

intelligence just one example: Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower.

... snip ...

total federal employees 5354k in 1962, peaks at 6575k in 1969, drops to 4972k in 1982, peaks again at 5301k in 1987 and sits at 4312k in 2012.
https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/data-analysis-documentation/federal-employment-reports/historical-tables/total-government-employment-since-1962/

however there has been enormous bloat in gov. spending last decade in conjunction with gov. privatizing. 2007 NYTimes article on explosion in gov. contractors
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/04/world/americas/04iht-web.0204contract.4460796.html?pagewanted=all

just the top 20 service companies spent nearly $300m on lobbying (between 2000 & 2007), highlights Lockheed spent $53m on lobbying ... presumably a combination of tax loopholes in combination with gov. contracts.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 03 Feb 2014 16:33:25 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#53 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#94 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#99 Royal Pardon For Turing

US corporations paid effective rate of 12.6%
http://money.cnn.com/2013/07/01/news/economy/corporate-tax-rate/

there is also

detail look at corporate taxes 2008-2010
http://www.ctj.org/corporatetaxdodgers/CorporateTaxDodgersReport.pdf

from above:
Other low-tax industries, paying less than half the statutory 35 percent tax rate over the entire 2008-10 period, included: Information Technology Services (2.5%), Utilities (3.7%), Telecommunications (8.2%), Chemicals (15.2%), Financial (15.5%), Oil, Gas & Pipelines (15.7%), Transportation (16.4%), and Aerospace & Defense (17.0%).

... snip ...

note that in addition to the tax loopholes ... some industries like aerospace&defense are getting direct gov. contracts ... one of the 2010 reports about part of the $6T increase in spending was over $1T for DOD that couldn't be identified what it went for ...

... and other industries like financial (namely the too big to fail) are getting gov. subsidies of all kinds.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

federal contractors will still commit tax fraud (separate from the legal tax loopholes) and then lobby congress to avoid any serious consequences. Thousands of Federal Contractors Abuse the Federal Tax System
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-07-742T

tax loopholes and tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
Date: 04 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.defencetalk.com/defense-department-needs-to-act-like-ibm-to-save-itself-50243/

Lot of DOD is driven by its industries and mostly more alike than different ... maximizing whatever the executive compensation plan calls for ... normally quarterly numbers. Frequently the line is "shareholder value" ... but that is just obfuscation for what is really going on.
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

from above:
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

also big uptick in privatization of gov last decade, intelligence just one example: Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

from above:
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower.

... snip ...

total federal employees 5354k in 1962, peaks at 6575k in 1969, drops to 4972k in 1982, peaks again at 5301k in 1987 and sits at 4312k in 2012.
https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/data-analysis-documentation/federal-employment-reports/historical-tables/total-government-employment-since-1962/

but there has been enormous bloat in gov. spending last decade in conjunction with gov. privatizing. 2007 NYTimes article on explosion in gov. contractors
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/04/world/americas/04iht-web.0204contract.4460796.html?pagewanted=all

in 90s, congress has balanced budget, with all federal debt gone by 2010 and fiscal responsibility act which prevents spending more than revenue. 2002 congress allows fiscal responsibility act to expire and by 2010, tax revenues have dropped by $6T (members of congress getting paid enormous sums for the tax loopholes) and spending increases by $6T (again members of congress getting paid enormous sums for the appropriations) for $12T budget gap. 2010 analysis has over $2T of the $6T increase going to DOD, $1+T for the two wars and $1+T not accounted for. MICC also gets a lots of money in other ways ... like USAID directed appropriations that can only be spent on US made military hardware.

1993 IBM was reorganized into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... then the board brought in Gerstner to resurrect the company ... raiding the pension plan to make quarterly numbers
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
from
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

from above:
IBM couldn't just pull the plug on the subsidy, because pension law doesn't allow a company to take away a benefit a person has already earned or take away a pension right or feature the company has granted. "So we had to design something different," Sauvigne said. Enter Louis V. Gerstner Jr., IBM's new president. He'd headed RJR Nabisco in 1993 when it faced a similar dilemma: how to reduce pensions and remove the retirement subsidy without obviously violating the law or provoking an employee backlash. Gerstner and IBM turned to Watson Wyatt, the same consulting firm that had helped Nabisco solve its pension problem.

... snip ...

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Feb 2014 08:22:01 -0800
jwglists@GMAIL.COM (John Gilmore) writes:
I of course agree that "much work remains to be done"; but I am hopeful that instruction-execution counts will in time come to supplant CPU times, which are increasing problematic because no longer simply reproducible, for performance comparisons and evaluations.

long ago and far away we were doing some optimization on superfast tcp/ip (for non-mainframe) 5k instruction pathlength and 5 buffer copies and work on eliminating all buffer copies. this was also motivation for adding hardware features that did direct storage to storage bypassing cache.

a NFS 8kbyte packet was compared to LU6.2 through VTAM at 160k instruction pathlength and 14 buffer copies. for mainframe processor at the time, the 14 buffer copies could result in more processor time than the 160k instructions, the copies would all be cache misses as well as pushing stuff out of the cache that would have to be brought back in later.

as an aside ... comingly used industry benchmark for processor throughput (used across wide variety of different processors with different instruction architectures) ... with references to MIPS and BIPS ... is actual number of iterations compared to base number of iterations on 370/158 taken to be 1MIP processor.

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#85 CPU time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CPU time

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CPU time
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Feb 2014 09:22:08 -0800
m42tom-ibmmain@YAHOO.COM (Tom Marchant) writes:
John Eels had a SHARE presentation a couple of years ago where he described the cost of going to memory. See page 88 of this:
https://share.confex.com/share/119/webprogramschedule/Handout/Session11718/SHARE%20119%20Session%2011718%20Presentation.pdf

I don't remember what processor this information referred to. Bottom line is that when the data comes from L1 cache, it is available during the same machine cycle. If it has to come from main storage, it takes about 850 machine cycles.


for a decade or so the latency cost for a cache miss to memory counted in processor cycles is similar to the count of 360 processor cycles for a 360 disk i/o ... aka memory has become the new disk.

that is motivation for things like hyperthreading (multiple overlapped i-streams) ... simulating multiprocessor ... aka the hardware equivalent of multitasking to allow overlapping execution with things waiting. it is also behind out-of-order execution (skipping past instruction stalled waiting for memory on cache miss). Introduction of out-of-order execution for z196 is claimed to be major factor in the increase in processor throughput between z10 and z196 (something that dates back couple decades in some other platforms).

also, processor cycle time has been getting faster than memory latency ... which harkens back to my theme in the 70s and early 80s ... that processor was getting faster, much faster than disks were getting faster. At one point in the early 80s, I was saying that relative system disk speed had declined by a factor of ten times over a period of 15years (processor&memory got 40-50 times, disks got 3-5 times). Disk division executives assigned their performance group to refute my statements ... but after a couple weeks they came back and effectively said that I had slightly understated the problem ... the analysis is respun and turns into a SHARE presentation on optimizing disk configurations for system throughput.

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#85 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#102 CPU time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
Date: 04 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

New management kept IBM going in part by raiding the employee pension plan ... which also props executive compensation plan ... and then using everything else to keep propping up executive compensation plan (with share dividends and stock buybacks). Lots of the rest of the stuff is obfuscation and misdirection ... which is also what is going on in DOD and MICC. Some of the internal cost reduction saved money but was much less of a factor. Cutting customer support and outsourcing bunches of stuff is claimed to save money in short term but put the company on downward slippery slope.

Note that the large corporate pension plans were also major target of wallstreet last decade with paying rating agencies for triple-A ratings on toxic CDOs (pension plans were restricted to investing in "safe" investments; Oct2008 congressional hearings into rating agencies found that the rating agencies "knew" they weren't worth triple-A ... but were being paid to give the triple-A rating, which allowed toxic CDOs to be sold as "safe" investments to pension plans).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

DOD isn't expected to be able to pass mandated financial audit before 2017 (two decades late) ... so nobody really knows where most of the money disappears to. DOD equivalent to IBM would be cut as much internal expense, staff, retirement plans, etc as possible, so it can go to MICC for-profit industry executives.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

As I've mentioned before, after leaving IBM Gerstner went on to head up the private-equity Carlyle ... which did reverse-IPO private-equity buyout of BAH and others ... "Investing in War" The Carlyle Group profits from government and conflict
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2004/11/18/6624/investing-war
other details
http://www.rense.com/general36/fat.htm
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-08-29/carlyle-to-cerberus-lead-private-equity-federal-contracting-push.html

gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
Date: 04 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://angelinvestingnews.blogspot.com/2014/02/happy-50th-birthday-to-ibm-cambridge.html

posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Note GML was also invented at the science center in 1969 ... which later morphs into SGML and then HTML (as was many other things).

The CP67 virtual machine product group split off from the science center and moved to the 3rd flr taking over the IBM Boston Programming Center ... on the way to morphing CP67 into VM370. When it outgrew the 3rd flr space (it only had part of the 3rd flr, the rest was listed as lawyers offices, but the telco closet listed them as a certain 3letter gov. agency). they move out to the old SBC bldg. in Burlington Mall (vacated in IBM legal settlement that transferred SBC to CDC).

During the Future System effort, internal politics was killing off and/or suspending 370 products, the lack of 370 products in this period is credited with giving clone processors a market foothold (FS was going to completely replace 370). When FS imploded there was a made rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline. Part of this were the Q&D efforts for 3033 and 3081. The head of POK also managed to convince corporate to kill vm370 product, shutdown the Burlington location and move all the people to POK to support MVS/XA development (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time nearly 8yrs later). posts mentioning future system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The shutdown plan included not telling Burlington until the very last minute to minimize the number that might escape. However, the shutdown leaked early and numerous people managed to find other work in the Boston area. There was joke that the head of POK was one of the largest contributors to DEC VAX/VMS

Note that Endicott managed to save the vm370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... some of this can be seen in the VMSHARE archives (TYMSHARE, a virtual machine based online service bureau provided their CMS-based online computer conferencing for free to the IBM SHARE user group starting in AUG1976)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

Disclaimer: during the FS period, I continued to work on 360/370 stuff and would periodically even ridicule the FS activity (which wasn't a particularly career enhancing activity).

Note that PROFS used the source of a very early version of internal VMSG for its email client. When the VMSG author offered them a much updated version, the group tried to get the VMSG author fired (having claimed everything in PROFS had been their doing). The whole thing quieted down when the VMSG author demonstrated that every PROFS note in the world had his initials in non-displayed field. After that, the VMSG author only distributed source to me and one other person.

The person responsible for the internal network was co-worker at the science center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
... and similar technology was used for both the US univ. BITNET and EARN in europe.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

The Edson wiki entry also references a book (& ipad app) written about Edson.
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8

posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
posts mentioning bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

As I've recently mentioned in other discussions, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s. The folklore is that when the corporate executive committee (ceo, pres, etc) was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. posts mentioning computer mediated communication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Note that the BITNET article confuses an issue VNET and JES2/NJE were two different things. However VNET was carefully layered and could support NJE line drivers in addition to native VNET drivers (note internal network wasn't SNA ... at least not until late '87 or early '88 when a misinformation campaign was used to justify its conversion).

JES2/NJE had all sorts of problems ... initially defined nodes using left-over entries in the HASP 255-entry psuedo device table (typically 150-160 available entries) and would discard all traffic that didn't have both origin&destination in its table. The internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning and had quickly passed 255nodes in the 70s (and passed 1000 nodes summer of 1983). As a result JES2/NJE couldn't be reliable used for anything other than boundary node.

Another problem was that JES2/NJE had intermixed JES2 fields and network fields ... and two JES2/NJE systems at different release levels exchanging traffic could result in MVS crashing. As a result a large library of VNET NJE drivers were developed that carefully did NJE reformatting of headers to correspond to the NJE release on the other end of the link (there was a famous case of GPD San Jose JES2/NJE system crashing MVS systems in Hursley ... and it was blamed on the Hursley VNET system not having the appropriate NJE linedriver started that would prevent MVS from crashing). posts mentioning hasp, jes2, nje
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

At some point they did stop shipping native VNET linedrivers to customers ... even though they had significantly better throughput ... but they continued to be used internally (at least until the change-over to SNA).

email archeology ... some old email mentions vmsg
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmsg
old email mentioning vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare
old email mentioning hone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hone
old email mentioning vnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet

along the way, one of the things I managed to arrange for was to get regular distribution of all the (customer) VMSHARE files and put them up on internal machines, including HONE ... as well as providing places where people could access the files over the internal network. One of the first roadblocks was the IBM lawyers who were afraid that internal IBMers would be contaminated by reading customer comments.

From truth is stranger than fiction ... in the early to mid 70s, CERN (where HTML and the WEB was created) did a study comparing vm370/cms and MVS/TSO and produced a SHARE report detailing the comparison which was freely distributed at SHARE. However, copies inside IBM, corporate classified "IBM CONFIDENTIAL RESTRICTED" (aka only available on need to know basis)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 Feb 2014 12:42:18 -0500
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
"The one thing we learn from history is that we don't learn from history."

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars

Saddam learned from desert storm but we didn't ... the invasion has been described as traditional 2nd generation warfare against somebody not playing by 2nd generation rules. It was aggravated by invaders being told to bypass ammo dumps and go directly to searching for (non-existant, fabricated) WMDs. When they got around to going back to check the ammo dumps, an estimated million metric tons had disappeared (into insurgents hands ... which was the war the other side was fighting).

Historically, the WMD references have been to those that the US supplied Saddam in the Iraq-Iran war in the 80s.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War

Why Don't We Learn from History?
http://www.amazon.com/Why-Dont-We-Learn-History-ebook/dp/B00792M6H2/

loc590-93:
On approaching Vilna, Napoleon found that the Russians had abandoned the city. "It was truly heartbreaking for him to have to give up all hope of a great battle before Vilna and he voiced his bitterness by crying out upon the cowardice of his foes." After five weeks' campaigning, despite his deep advance, he had inflicted little damage on the enemy, while his own army had been reduced by at least a third in numbers and still more in efficiency.

... snip ...

which bears more than a little resemblance to iraq invasion.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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