List of Archived Posts

2015 Newsgroup Postings (08/10 - 09/26)

Miniskirts and mainframes
Miniskirts and mainframes
Miniskirts and mainframes
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
3380 was actually FBA?
Some Trivia: Happy Birthday IBM PC - You're 34 Today!
3380 was actually FBA?
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
3380 was actually FBA?
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
Federal Deficits
There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
Miniskirts and mainframes
Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
Miniskirts and mainframes
After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
[Poll] Computing favorities
OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
Miniskirts and mainframes
OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
[Poll] Computing favorities
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
[Poll] Computing favorities
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
seveneves
seveneves
seveneves
seveneves
seveneves
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
seveneves
Mainframes open to internet attacks?
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
[Poll] Computing favorities
Intel: Criminals getting better at data exfiltration
Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
Economics Has a Math Problem
Yes, Computers Have Improved. No, Communism Hasn't
[Poll] Computing favorities
AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan
Ginni Rometty, Chairman, President and CEO, IBM
100 boxes of computer books on the wall
Economists' Tribal Thinking
100 boxes of computer books on the wall
The Phillipines in 2012
First new cache-coherence mechanism in 30 years
Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
New hard drive
Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong
New cache coherence scales logarithmically
Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
New hard drive
New cache coherence scales logarithmically
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC
The most expensive PCs in computing history
Obama-Bush Years Saw Employers Reduce Health Insurance Coverage
IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30
Leaked Seattle Audit Concludes Many Mortgage Documents Are Void
HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
TCP joke
power supplies
PROFS & GML
PROFS & GML
Setting the writers right

Miniskirts and mainframes

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Aug 2015 17:00:51 -0700
Gerard Schildberger <gerard46@rrt.net> writes:
I agree that IBM has its own unique and diverse corporate folklore.

Where I was employed, we ran an (IBM) flavor (VM/XA) of VM/CMS system that had over 10,600 logged-on (concurrently) human-being users (around 10,800 actual "userIDs", some of them disconnected service machines (SVMs). And that was running on just one-half of an Amdahl box (so we were running on a quadplex box, using two computers/engines via Amdahl's MDF --- Multiple Domain Facility).

I don't even think most operating systems could even have/handle that many people logged on, let along support their workload. There are more than just one IBM "big" system. The CP (Control Program) part of VM (and also, the CMS part) had a very very different culture than the "MVS" part of IBM. That's a story in its own right, which Lynn Wheeler has touched on many times in the past within this newsgroup forum. Also of note is the TPF (Transaction Processing System --- for airline and hotel reservation systems, amongst others) operating system which supports even more on-line terminals (or users, if you prefer).


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#84 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#85 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes

i wrote a report that based on processor power ... the move from cp67/cms to 3081 vm370/cms ... should have been able to support 4000 ... but was typically only supporting typically 300-400 ... I made the claim that the relative system throughput of ibm dasd had declined by a factor of ten times during the period (systems got 50 times faster, but disks only got 3-5 times faster). old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31 Big I/O or Kicking the Mainframe out the Door
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#43 Bloat, elegance, simplicity and other irrelevant concepts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#55 How Do the Old Mainframes Compare to Today's Micros?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#10 Virtual Memory (A return to the past?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#46 The god old days(???)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#4 IBM S/360

disk division executives took exception and assign the division performance group to refute the claim. after several weeks they came back and effectively said that I had slightly understated the case. this was then respun as share presentation for recommended disk configuration (to improve throughput) ... B874, DASD Performance Review, past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)

during the FS period in the 70s, they were shutting down 370 efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

but I continued to work on cp67 & then vm370 ... even periodically ridiculing the FS activities (which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). old email referencing migrating from cp67 to vm370 for csc/vm system (one of my hobbies was providing highly enhanced operating systems to internal datacenters)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

after the FS failure there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipeline ... which contributed to decision to release some amount of my stuff in products .... with major exception the paged mapped filesystem that I did for CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

a possible excuse was that part of the FS (failure) was single-level-store ... somewhat akin to earlier tss/360 ... and they possibly confused the FS & tss/360 single-level-store implementation and what I had done for cms paged mapped filesystem. The TSS & FS implementations had some horrendous throughput problems that I repeatedly claimed that I avoided. I was even able to show that identical CMS moderate i/o typical workloads ran three times faster (with less processing) with my CMS paged mapped filesystem (compared to standard cms filesystem) ... as well as significantly many other operational characteristics. This became increasingly significant as the mismatch between processor throughput and disk i/o throughput increased.

other trivia: POK high-end (MVS) tried to kill off vm370 product and have all the people move to POK to support MVS/XA development. Endicott mannaged to save the vm370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch (various refs to quality in the late 70s and early 80s). Part of MVS/XA was a heavy weight 370xa virtual machine facility for MVS/XA development ... but hardly a generalized vm370/cms operation. Later after MVS/XA was released ... customers were having difficulty migrating from MVS ... and decision was made to release the internal tool (VM/MA & VM/SF). Testing against vm370, VM/MA/SF had 60% or less throughput. An internal datacenter enhanced vm370 for full 370xa support ... and it was being considered as release. However internal politics had the VM/MA/SF group going after enormous resources to bring VM/MA/SF up somewhere near to vm370 (and managed to kill off the vm370 370xa support) ... which is eventually released as vm/xa.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Aug 2015 15:23:32 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Years between reboots? I guess that means that one definition of a mainframe would be "doesn't run Windows".

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#84 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#85 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#0 Miniskirts and mainframes

... note I still haven't been able to update personal garlic.com web pages since they moved to new webserver 17Apr2015.

we were doing IBM's HA/CMP ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and when out marketing in the very early 90s, I coined the terms geographic survivability and disaster survivability (to differentiate from disaster recovery) ...

I then was asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... but it got pulled because both Rochester (as/400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

After Jim Gray left research (palming off some number of things on me) for Tandem ... he did a study of what was causing outages. He found that hardware had improved to the point where outages were then mostly being caused by software, human mistakes, and environmental factors (floods, power outages, tornadoes, etc). overview/summary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Aug 2015 18:12:06 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
I would have thought a 4341 was the logical upgrade from the /40.

4341 was more like 360/75

http://www.jcmit.com/cpu-performance.htm


1965 IBM 360/40     417,000      0.04091
1966 IBM 360/75     -            0.84
1980 IBM 4331 Grp2  150,000      0.35484
1980 IBM 4341 Grp2  385,000      1.0

360/40, $417,000 & .04091 "MIPS"; 4331-2, $150,00 & .35484 "MIPS"; almost ten times faster for less than 1/2 the cost.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#33 Microminiaturized Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#84 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#85 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#0 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#1 Miniskirts and mainframes

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Aug 2015 11:15:14 -0700
Joe Makowiec <makowiec@invalid.invalid> writes:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smedley_Butler

He became widely known for his outspoken lectures against war profiteering, U.S. military adventurism, and what he viewed as nascent fascism in the United States.

He's still held in high regard by the Marine Corps.


"war is a racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

one of Boyd's acolytes has something analogous "Perpetual War":
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

1990, commandant of the Marine Corps leverages Boyd for makeover of the corp.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_M._Gray,_Jr.

and continues to sponsor Boyd conferences
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

Boyd's display ("shrine") is the only non-marine in the quantico library
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1640474247359&set=a.1064746094515.10882.1101890183&_fb_noscript=1

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past boyd related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3380 was actually FBA?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 3380 was actually FBA?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Aug 2015 12:10:11 -0700
jcallen@NARSIL.ORG (Jerry Callen) writes:
In another thread, lynn@GARLIC.COM wrote:

... but then if MVS had FBA support wouldn't have needed to do 3380 as CKD (even tho inherently it was FBA underneath) ...

I didn't know that.

Was that the first (and/or last?) IBM SLED to be inherently FBA under the hood? Where were the smarts for that implemented, in the control unit, or the drive itself?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#86 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

hardware speed and error correction was going to fixed-sized blocks. You can see this in 3380 track capacity calculations where record sizes have to be rounded up, sort of compromise hack given that MVS wasn't going to support real FBA. The 3380 was smaller fixed-sized blocks ... but not "true" IBM FBA like 3310 & 3370. 3375 was the first CKD emulated on top of an IBM FBA (3370) device. 512-byte blocks have prevailed for a couple decades (IBM 3310 & 3370 and follow-ons ... but also all the other industry standard disks). There is currently inudstry move to 4096-byte fixed blocks for improved error correction and track capacity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Format
http://www.seagate.com/tech-insights/advanced-format-4k-sector-hard-drives-master-ti/

eckd originally for speed-matching buffer ... was also trying to retrofit a little of the FBA benefits to CKD architecture (again because MVS wouldn't upgrade to real FBA).

part of the issue for 3375 was there wasn't a mid-size CKD disk (just the high-end 3380). Large customers were buying hundreds (& thousands) of vm/4300s for distributed non-datacenter market (sort of leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami; for instance recent claim that NATO got 6000 vm/4341s) ... and MVS couldn't play in that new market with no mid-range CKD disk.

Doing the 3375 CKD at least gave MVS a path ... however MVS support was really oriented around having 10-20 people in large datacenter. The idea of supporting a thousand distributed systems out in departmental areas wasn't very practical.

I also got dragged into doing benchmarks for LLNL that was looking at 70 4341s for computer farm (sort of leading edge of the future supercomputing paradigm). 4341 was faster than 158&3031 ... and clusters of 4341s were faster than 3033, lower aggregate cost, lower aggregate physical and environmental footprint, also higher aggregate memory and i/o throughput. old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Some Trivia: Happy Birthday IBM PC - You're 34 Today!

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Some Trivia:  Happy Birthday IBM PC - You're 34 Today!
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Aug 2015 12:16:41 -0700
sfowjs@SBCGLOBAL.NET (William Smith) writes:
Happy Birthday, IBM Personal Computer, August 12, 1981, the announcement date for the original from IBM Boca Raton, Florida, birthplace of PC DOS and OS/2.

there was IBM project in silicon valley to do software for the IBM/PC ... with constant checking with Boca ... and then Boca says nope ... they are making other arrangements ... and contract with a company in seattle.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
and before ms-dos, there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked with cp67/cms at npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3380 was actually FBA?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 3380 was actually FBA?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 13 Aug 2015 12:24:50 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
hardware speed and error correction was going to fixed-sized blocks. You can see this in 3380 track capacity calculations where record sizes have to be rounded up, sort of compromise hack given that MVS wasn't going to support real FBA. The 3380 was smaller fixed-sized blocks ... but not "true" IBM FBA like 3310 & 3370. 3375 was the first CKD emulated on top of an IBM FBA (3370) device. 512-byte blocks have prevailed for a couple decades (IBM 3310 & 3370 and follow-ons ... but also all the other industry standard disks). There is currently inudstry move to 4096-byte fixed blocks for improved error correction and track capacity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Format
http://www.seagate.com/tech-insights/advanced-format-4k-sector-hard-drives-master-ti/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#4 3380 was actually FBA?
and
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/3QSdKeko604

IBM journal articles are behind IEEE membership wall ... have found this detailed description at Google Books (3380 error correcting)
https://books.google.com/books?id=cG4Zgb8OqwEC&pg=PA495&lpg=PA495&dq=ibm+3380+error+correcting&source=bl&ots=lMaYN_d94F&sig=o-R202AspjC1Ox09YNcZDb9Ljgc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBGoVChMIxpHRg-KmxwIVVluICh1twgJy#v=onepage&q=ibm%203380%20error%20correcting&f=false

"which has each subblock consists of 96 data bytes and six first-level check bytes are appended in the form of two interleaved codewords"

after discussing details of 3380, it moves into RAID & Reed-Solomon codes ... trivia, I worked with somebody in bldg14 that was awarded the original RAID patent.

posts getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2015 07:57:58 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Before the war, a number of American businessmen embarrassed themselves in hindsight by making positive statements about how Mussolini got things moving in Italy... and even about that fellow Hitler in Germany.

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military during 20s&30s

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences ... when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed location of military targets in Germany, it got them from wallstreet.

I'm currently reading "Man Called Intrepid: The Incredible WWII Narrative Of The Hero Whose Spy Network And Secret Diplomacy Changed The Course Of History" and it periodically seems to try and portray US business as naive and duped by Hitler ... as opposed to war profiteering (otherwise somewhat computer related, lots to do with Bletchley Park and efforts to break Enigma).

I've posted before about "Battle of Britain" series from last spring, where they periodically referred to the US laws that were portrayed as "isolationism" ... were really done by members of congress that saw the enormous war profiteering by US business in WW1 ... and were trying to counteract it from happening again.

This goes along with recent reference to Smedley, "War Is A Racket", and "perpetual war":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2015 08:16:56 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#3 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electriccalculator--$99.95

there are quite spirited discussions at facebook "war is boring" about all the claims being made for the (trillion dollar plus) F35 program.

recent reference that gets into the long running profiteering of the mulitary-industrial complex (especially charging enormous amounts for advanced technology that never lives up to the claims)
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/418430/sixty-years-american-air-power-dominance-are-threatened-bad-strategy-mike-fredenburg

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

goes along with the spreading Success Of Failure culture with beltway bandits and the military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3380 was actually FBA?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 3380 was actually FBA?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 14 Aug 2015 09:07:32 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#4 3380 was actually FBA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#6 3380 was actually FBA?
and
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/3QSdKeko604

(friday) trivia ... starting in the early 80s, I also had a project I called HSDT (high-speed data transport)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

unrelated to getting to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

that got involved in some reed-solomon forward-error correcting. We had an IBM engineer that had been Reed's graduate student at Caltech and had done some of the original work on reed-solomon. We also got involved with Cyclotomic ... one of the founders was Berlekamp at UCB.
https://math.berkeley.edu/~berlek/cyclo.html

that was doing lots of work and reed-solomon products. Cyclotnics had also done the work on reed-solomon encoding for the cdrom standard
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CD-ROM#CD-ROM_format

HSDT was also working with NSF and the NSF supercomputers on interconnect. Originally we were suppose to get $20M, but then congress cuts the budget, some other things happened, and finally NSF releases an RFP. Internal politics prevents us from bidding; the director of NSF tries to help writting the company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Then as regional networks tie into the supercomputer sites, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

Cyclotomic was eventually bought by Kodak. Past posts mentioning cyclotomic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#1 4M pages are a bad idea (was Re: AMD 64bit Hammer CPU and VM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#53 Free Desktop Cyber emulation on PC before Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#27 shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#37 Why doesn't Infiniband supports RDMA multicast
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#43 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#27 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#29 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#4 Even worse than UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#82 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#23 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#61 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#66 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#46 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#58 DASD, Tape and other peripherals attached to a Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#33 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#75 non-IBM: SONY new tape storage - 185 Terabytes on a tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#68 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#9 Fwd: [sqlite] presentation about ordering and atomicity of filesystems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#55 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2015 09:53:06 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
We're looking at the events of the 20s and 30s through the lens of today's knowledge. For some reason thee was a push toward dictatorship everywhere at the time, either communist or fascist. Even countries that stayed democracies, such as Britain and the US had strong groups pushing in that direction. Maybe the Great War and later the Depression made people desire order more than liberty. For a time the fascist dictatorships, at least, seemed to deliver both order and economic progress. The extent of the loss of liberty only became obvious later. Many prominent Americans and Britins including Lindburgh and the Duke of Windsor supported Hitler.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#3 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electriccalculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#8 1973--TI 8 digit electriccalculator--$99.95

"Intrepid" (canadian business man, flew for britain in WW1) has references touring germany (in his business persona) for intelligence gathering (working with Churchill). However he portrays Duke of Windsor and some number of others in the clutches of the Germans. He goes into some details about lots of their activities were kept from Chamberland because they figured he would divulge it to the Germans.

"Battle of Britain" series from last spring went into some detail about how Lindbergh was commissioned by top US military to accept tours of Germany (for intelligence gathering, reporting back to arnold/lemay). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

there is enormous difference in how press treated Lindbergh intelligence gathering missions ... and how they treated John Foster Dulles efforts to rebuild the German economy and military.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2015 11:00:58 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Effective democracy doesn't happen overnight. In many countries, it was a new concept, and in practice did not work very well. People would endlessly debate issues, with numerous extremist parties pushing their agenda. As a result, nothing got done, and problems of an increasingly industrialized society left people in a lurch. Thus, liberty wasn't seen as very desirable as compared to order.

in ongoing discussion about failure in Afghanistan ... somebody deployed to Afghanistan over number of years commented that (failures included) US trying to force central (democratic?) government was failure ... because the country was artificial ... actually many regional tribal organizations frequently in conflict with one another. That was also been a repeated observation about the artificial middle-east countries created in the wake of WW1.

the other observation about Afghanistan is that US setup and backed an enormously corrupt central government ... in the tradition of economic hitman (enabling US to loot and pillage the country)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
and
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266

which is continuation of Smedley's "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "Perpetual War":
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past reference to when Iran had a democratic elected government that tried to inhibit the British looting the country ... in 1953, Kermit Roosevelt (& CIA) staged a coup putting the shah in power.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#70 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d'%C3%A9tat
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran
and to help keep the shaw in power, US trained (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

"War is a Racket" and "Economic Hit Man" portray US actions against democratically elected governments as common practice (when they attempt to interfer with businesses looting the country). US policy much prefers corrupt dictators that can be bribed.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2015 11:45:06 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d


sorry that got truncated
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d'%C3%A9tat

slightly along that theme, are the attempts by the 9/11 victim families to sue Saudi Arabian gov. as responsible. Last decade, the courts ruled that it wasn't possible to sue a gov. as responsible. Then nearly two years the courts reversed that ruling (speculation change was because US was becoming less dependent on Saudi oil).

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html

Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Bush family ties to terror suspects re-opened by 9/11 '28 pages'
http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/world/bush-family-ties-to-terror-suspects-re-opened-by-9-11-28-pages/article/426577
Families Of 9/11 Victims On Verge Of Proving Government Cover-Up In Court
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-11/families-911-victims-verge-proving-government-cover-court
Lawsuit could reveal secret Saudi connection to 9/11
http://nypost.com/2015/08/09/lawsuit-could-reveal-secret-saudi-connection-to-911/

eariler Saddam/Iraq

when CIA director didn't agree with "Team B" analysis (justifying significant increases in DOD funding) ... they replaced him with somebody that would:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

team b posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b


VP (formerareplacement CIA director then is VP ... claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html
then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... and proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2015 14:13:15 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#29 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#73 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#54 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

also possible fabrication of WMDs were an excuse to invade Iraq as part of misdirection away from Saudia Arabia

cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, provides information to her cousin, Powell and some number of others, then gets locked up in military hospital .... "EXTREME PREJUDICE-- The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover Ups of 9/11 and Iraq"
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs ... tracing back to US in the 80s ... but the information got classified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

Intrepid also points finger at Ambassador Kennedy ... they start bugging the US embassy because classified information was leaking to the Germans. They eventually identified a clerk as responsible but couldn't proove ties to Kennedy. However Kennedy is claiming credit for Chamberland compitulating to Hitler on many issues ... also making speeches in Britain and the US that Britain could never win a war with Germany and if he was president, he would be on the best of terms with Hitler.

loc2645-52:
The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later, Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected President." He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British statements or said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain to win the war."

British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw discretion to be the better part of valor. "If Kennedy had been recalled sooner," said Stephenson later, "he would have campaigned against FDR with a fair chance of winning. We delayed him in London as best we could until he could do the least harm back in the States."


... snip ...

the war profiteering faction was also doing its best to descredit congress neutrality law (not just wallstreet bankers and John Foster Dulles, it is possible that Intrepid lack of reference to Dulles was considered good politics) ...

loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

"perpetual war":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 15 Aug 2015 14:12:17 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
in ongoing discussion about failure in Afghanistan ... somebody deployed to Afghanistan over number of years commented that (failures included) US trying to force central (democratic?) government was failure ... because the country was artificial ... actually many regional tribal organizations frequently in conflict with one another. That was also been a repeated observation about the artificial middle-east countries created in the wake of WW1.

the other observation about Afghanistan is that US setup and backed an enormously corrupt central government ... in the tradition of economic hitman (enabling US to loot and pillage the country)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
and
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266

which is continuation of Smedley's "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "Perpetual War":
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

from yesterday ...

US Military Uses IMF & World Bank To Launder 85% Of Its Black Budget
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-14/us-military-uses-imf-world-bank-launder-85-its-black-budget
John Perkins wrote about this paradigm in his book, Confessions of an Economic Hitman. During the 1970s, Perkins worked for the international engineering consulting firm, Chas T. Main, as an "economic hitman." He says the operations of the World Bank are nothing less than "pure economic colonization on behalf of powerful corporations and banks that use the United States government as their tool."

In his book, Perkins discusses Joseph Stiglitz, the Chief Economist for the World Bank from 1997-2000, at length. Stiglitz described the four-step plan for bamboozling developing countries into becoming debtor nations:


... snip ...

earlier in the day, i had ran across a web page saying that after all the news about coast guard intercepting billions of dollars in smuggled cocaine ... and CIA was asking for it back.

What's Up with the Black Budget?
https://solari.com/blog/whats-up-with-the-black-budget/
Q3 01webb.qxd
http://www.dunwalke.com/gideon/q301.pdf
Financial Coup d'Etat
https://solari.com/blog/financial-coup-d%E2%80%99etat/
Q3 01webb.qxd
http://www.dunwalke.com/gideon/q301.pdf
US Military Uses IMF and World Bank to Launder 85% of Its Black Budget
http://www.globalresearch.ca/us-military-uses-imf-and-world-bank-to-launder-85-of-its-black-budget/5469097
Valentin Katasonov - War and the Dollar
http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2015/01/21/war-and-the-dollar.html
Imperialism and the Ruble Crisis. "Economic Warfare"- Centre for Research on Globalization
http://www.globalresearch.ca/imperialism-and-the-ruble-crisis-economic-warfare/5421023
Global Financial Flaws and those Crazy "Gold Bugs" "Conspiracy Theorists"
http://www.globalresearch.ca/global-financial-flaws-and-those-crazy-gold-bugs-conspiracy-theorists/5452942
War and the Financial Crisis: Global Research's Top 100 Stories Global Research - Centre for Research on Globalization
http://www.globalresearch.ca/war-and-the-financial-crisis-global-research-s-top-100-stories/10448
The Engineered Decline in Oil Prices: Economic Warfare is the West's Main Weapon
http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-engineered-decline-in-oil-prices-economic-warfare-is-the-wests-main-weapon/5418545

money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Aug 2015 15:55:27 -0700
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
I'm editing the wikipedia article on Count Key Data, and I've run into an editorial dispute. I claim that what is now ECKD was part of the SMB, and the other editor claims that you could run 3380 on a slow channel without using, e.g., Define Extent. Does anybody have a document outlining what IBM included in the term SMB?: Thanks.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#86 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#89 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#4 3380 was actually FBA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#6 3380 was actually FBA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#9 3380 was actually FBA?

need to have calypso (SMB) installed to attach to channel slower than device ... however it is possible to do channel programs w/o using ECKD CCWs

GA26-1661-9 3880 Storage Control Description ... from bitsavers

4-23 Define Extent (also 4-26 Locate Record)
Note: This command is valid only when the speed matching buffer for the 3375 or 3380 feature is installed.

... snip ...

4-111 describes how speed matching buffer uses the define extent & locate record to calculate when to connect to channel ahead of time on write operation.

5-17 I/O Operation for Speed Matching Buffer
The speed matching buffer for the 3375 feature and the speed matching buffer for the 3380 feature (Models AA4, A04, and B04 only) will correctly execute standard command chains when connected to channels slower than the 3375 or the 3380. However, a performance reduction on write operations (described below) will occur.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Federal Deficits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Federal Deficits
Date: 15 Aug 2015
Blog: Facebook
In 2002 congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue). 2010 CBO report was tax revenue had been cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for a $12T(!!!) budget gap (compared to the fiscal responsible baseline budget). In the middle of last decade, the Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget)

comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

The above reference is just to annual budget ... not the accumulated effects .... rather than the fiscal responsible act having eliminated all federal debt by 2010, the federal debt exploded until interest on the debt is approaching half trillion. Federal reserve is providing 10s of trillions in ZIRP funds to TBTF who are turning around and buying treasuries (federal debt) and raking in that interest. In theory, federal reserve could buy treasuries directly and the debt wouldn't cost anything ... but then wall street would be out that extra nearly half trillion per year

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

when CIA director didn't agree with "Team B" analysis (justifying significant increases in DOD appropriations) ... they replaced him with somebody that would:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
they are then there for providing WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
former CIA director and then VP claims he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

team b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

those advisers/analysts are there for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 to fabricate WMD justification (Bush2 also presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than S&L crises). cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, they were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artillery shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... takes nearly a decade before the information is declassified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

note that the 1st major legislation after PAYGO was allowed to expire in 2002
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO
was Medicare Part-D
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

Comptroller General would (also) claim it would become a $40T unfunded mandate totally swamping all other items. CBS 60mins did expose on part-d as enormous congressional gift to the drug industry. They showed identical drugs under VA and part-d and the part-d drugs were 3 times the price of VA. CBS identified 18 members of the majority party and their staff that drove the bill through congress ... and just before the final vote they insert a one line sentence that prohibits competitive bidding and blocks CBO distributing report of the effect of that one liner. After it passes, CBS finds that all 18 have resigned and are on drug industry payroll

PAYGO was both parties in the 90s (benefiting from both congress & administration being aligned on the subject) ... however that shifted at the start of the century and the administration&party in power managed to reverse everything (being aligned on the subject). The enormous tax loopholes created at the start of the century have continued for various reasons.

Part of the change is that wallstreet really likes the deficit ... being able to use ZIRP funds to make nearly half trillion per year off it ... and comments that increasingly both parties are now owned by wallstreet and other special interests. Local Wash DC news will now periodically refer to congress as "Kabuki Theater" ... what you see publicly has nothing to do with what is really going on ... and may be purposeful distraction (from what is really going on) ... included apparent contention between the two parties.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

I know this guy who was head of large bank examination at FDIC, he caught WaMu early and reported up thru the head of FDIC ... he got demoted and then fired. He wrote this account (he had sent early PDF of the draft)
http://www.amazon.com/American-Betrayal-John-Doe-ebook/dp/B00BKZ02UM/

He "came out" and started using his own name last year and would post un-redacted email that he had sent documenting WaMu

Last product we did before leaving IBM was HA/CMP ... reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
we were also working with national labs ... some old email from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

within a couple weeks of the Ellison meeting, the scaleup work is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical and scientific *ONLY*), we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors ... and we decide to leave.

A little later two of the other people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called the "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I have absolute authority for operations between commerce servers and payment gateway (interfaces to the payment networks), but could only make recommendations on the server/browser interface. Almost immediately they violate several of the recommendations which continue to account for many of the exploits that continue to this day.

Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce" we are ask to participate in X9A10 financial standard working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial industry for *ALL* retail payments.

One of the participants in X9A10 is from NSCC, and in the late 90s we are asked in to NSCC (before merger with DTC forming DTCC) to look at improving the integrity of trading transactions. I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying the work is being suspended because a side effect of the improved integrity would have greatly increased transaction visibility and transparency (which is antithetical to wallstreet culture).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

A decade later the congressional Madoff hearings had the person that tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). They asked him if new regulations were required. He replied that while new regulations may be required, much more important was visibility and transparency.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

Somewhere along the way, reference that wallstreet had nothing to fear from SEC regarding illegal activity
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff 74-75 (and supposedly organized replacement of CIA director), then when he becomes SECDEF, 75-77, he is replaced by one of his staffers, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

... snip ...

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

above includes references to some of the events around the spreading Success Of Failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
(note sometimes clicking govexec serves up a blank page and you have to repeat the click)

Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
"perpetual war"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
Date: 17 Aug 2015
Blog: Linkedin - IBM Wild Ducks
There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/leadership_talent_globalization_theres_no_such_thing_corporate_dna/

from "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World" Ferguson & Morris on failure of Future System:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

president of AMEX is in competition to be the next CEO and wins (the looser leaves taking his protegee and goes to Baltimore, taking over what has been described as loan sharking business). AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the AMEX president to turn around RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being broken up into the 13 "baby blues". The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect IBM. Uses some of same techniques at IBM that had been used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Later the former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1037893592918171788
which does LBO of company that hires Snowden:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

"The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
Big Blue: Stock Buyback Machine On Steroids
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-04-17/big-blue-stock-buyback-machine-steroids
The US Equity Bubble Depends On Corporate Buybacks; Here's The Proof
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-05-02/us-equity-bubble-depends-corporate-buybacks-heres-proof
SEC Admits It's Not Monitoring Stock Buybacks to Prevent Market Manipulation
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/13/sec-admits-monitoring-stock-buybacks-prevent-market-manipulation/

stock buy backs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

I use to sponsor John Boyd's briefings at IBM. Part of the briefing was that going into WW2, US adopted a rigid, top-down, heavy weight command & control system to leverage the few experience resources and handle the massive influx of people into the military (needing 11% officers growing to 20% compare to Germany with 3% officers). Then by the 80s, US corporate culture was being contaminated with influx of former WW2 military officers climbing the corporate ladder. This has also been used to justify the explosion in ratio of top executive to worker compensation to 400:1 (or more, after being 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world) ... aka only those at the top know what they are doing and they have to provide detailed direction to everybody else.

There is currently lively debate going on about trying to change that culture in the Military. Note Boyd passed in 1997, article written for USNI ... but copy lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

but in 1990 the commandant of the Marine Corps had leveraged Boyd to do a make-over of the corp ... there is ongoing discussion about corp having reverted to pretty much standard military model.

A little IBM content ... Boyd was vocal about this not working ... so possibly as punishment he is made command of "spook base" (he would say it had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world) ... ref gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd biography claims it was a $2.5B (in 1970 dollars) windfall for IBM.

Boyd would say they spent 18months preparing for this artcile in time ... behind paywall, but most of it at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

Another of Boyd's acolytes, graduate of the first Air Force Academy class on fast track to be general claims career side-tracked when Boyd challenged him to do the right thing (eventually forced to retire) ... HBO made book into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
a 1993 review of the book, "Corrupt From Top to Bottom"
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html?pagewanted=1

Boyd posts & web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 18 Aug 2015 12:47:23 -0700
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Interesting. The main contractor told us it was due to the teraflops it could do, a YMP-2. I worked for a sub-contractor.

IBM Kingston supposedly had the responsibility for doing new supercomputer ... also was providing to Chen's endevor (had been responsible for both xmp & ymp)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Chen_%28computer_engineer%29

we were doing cluster scaleup as part of HA/CMP ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

then end of Oct91, the senior executive backing Kingston effort retires and there is audit of all his projects. After that they start scouring the company looking for high performance technology.

Jan1992 meeting in ellison's conference room about (commerical) cluster HA/CMP scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

mainframe DB2 complaining if we were allowed to go ahead, it would be years ahead of them. Then cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as supercomputer (for technical & scientific *ONLY*) and we were told that we can't work on anything with more than four processors (which motivates us to leave). Somewhat no brainer operations ... it takes care of the DB2 complaints and also gets them their supercomputer ... old email about working on technical and scientific with national labs and others (up until the transfer)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

17Feb1992 press, scientific and technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
05May1992 press, total surprise about national lab interest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

I would claim that (national lab) scientific & technical activity traces back to at least getting roped into doing LLNL benchmark looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm and RDBMS/commercial dates back to BofA getting 60 4341s for branch office distributed System/R (original relational/sql implementation). old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341
original relational/sql
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Note that IBM's RDBMS were mainframe only and so RS/6000 had to work with other RDBMS for their platform. It turns out that a couple of those vendors had same source base for both VMS cluster as well as open systems. Part of simplifying the HA/CMP cluster scaleup was providing interface that supported VMS cluster semantics. These RDBMS vendors also had some very strong feeling about some of the VMS cluster implementation that could be done much better (which I was able to take advantage of besides my experience doing mainframe tightly-coupled and loosely-coupled implementations).

Later in the 90s, Chen is CTO at Sequent and we do some consulting work for him (before IBM buys Sequent and shuts it down).

That supercomputer model evolves into GRID computing ... which combined with the internet also becomes large cloud megadatacenters
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
Date: 18 Aug 2015
Blog: Facebook
Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://techcrunch.com/2015/08/16/linux-foundation-launches-open-mainframe-project/

as processors became faster, cache miss access to memory became increasing throughput bottleneck. RISC & X86 have used out-of-order execution, branch prediction and speculative execution for decades to compensate. Claim is that introduction of such technologies in z196, accounts for at least half the per processor throughput increase from Z10->Z196 ... with further features accounting for part of EC12 per processor throughput increase.

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standize some serial technology they have which quickly becames fiber channel standard (including some stuff I had done at STL in 1980). Later some POK channel engineers become involved and define a heavy duty protocol that significantly cuts the native throughput, eventually released as FICON. Peak I/O benchmark published for z196 used 104 FICON to get 2M IOPS. At about the same time, a native fibre-channel is announced for E5-2600 claiming over millions IOPS (two such fibre-channel having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre-channel).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

z10, 64processors, 30BIPS (496MIPS/proc), z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc). z13 claims 30% more throughput than EC12 with 40% more processors (700MIPS/proc?)

z10 era, E5-2600v1 blade was about 500BIPS (16 processors, 31BIPS/proc), E5-2600v4 blade is pushing 2000BIPS (36 processors, 50BIPS/proc). A high density rack of E5-2600v4 blades possibly has more processing power than all mainframes in the world today.

as aside, the vendor I worked with in 1980 (for some stuff for the santa teresa lab, now silicon valley lab) wants to release it to IBM customers, but there is a group in POK working on some serial stuff and get it vetoed because they are worried that it would make it harder to release their stuff. They finally get their stuff released a decade later as ESCON (with ES/9000 in 1990) when it is already obsolete.

another datapoint from z196 (i've found it difficult to find corresponding numbers since then), all 14 SAPs run at 100% busy doing 2.2M SSCH/sec ... recommended is keeping SAPs to 75% or 1.5M SSCH/sec (rough correspondence between SSCH and IOPS)

Note some of the perception problem is that there can be enormous difference between the $300 consumer i86 machines and rack full of e5-2600 blades. Furthermore, a typical cloud megadatcenter will be operated by 80-120 people and have hundreds of thousands of such systems. One of the reasons for the rise of LINUX is those operations needed full, freely available source in order to adapt system to such an enormously massive operation with millions of processors

Also mainframes increasingly simulating legacy operation on top of industry standard components ... FICON on fibre-channel standard and CKD DASD (which haven't been built for decades) on industry standard fixed-block disks (the emulation costing additional overheard and thuput degradation)

A cloud megadatacenter has leading edge automated production operation with millions of processors and with systems & software costs under $1/BIPS (compared to several hundred thousand for mainframe may grow to millions depending on software). Some of the side-effects is that power&cooling have become growing % of total costs (as system & software costs have plummeted) and they can significantly over provision for "on-demand" computing (as long as power&cooling drops to zero while systems are idle). Customers have been known to spin-up an on-demand supercomputer configuration (that would rank in top 100) using just a credit card and no human interaction.

Mainframes with 5-6 order greater costs need much higher value applications to justify that cost.

Mainframe processor business had been 4-5% of IBM revenue for a decade or so ... but total mainframe revenue (including software & services) was 25% of IBM revenue (and 40% of profit). Its frequently difficult to extract more exact numbers. I found 1qtr2014 processor revenue which was the equivalent of 14 max. configured EC12, 56 on an annulaized basis. A single wafer fab. run would provide enough processor chips for several years of sales. Possibly one of the justification for IBM to unload its wafer fabs ... which are typically expected to do tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of wafers per month. In addition to above comments about mapping to other industry standard technology ... mainframe chips need to map to industry standard chip technology (since a dozen or so wafers every couple years isn't enough to justify a wafer fab).

e5-2600 blade is talking about millions of mips ... a high densitry rack of such e5-2600 blades is upwards of hundreds of millions of mips (possibly more than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today).

A typical cloud megadatacenter run by 80-120 people needs enormous automation to handle millions of processors (million million MIPS).

Cloud megadatacenter is doing it for less than $1/BIPS ... EC12 is a couple hundred thousand per BIPS (if you add in a bunch of MVS legacy software it can go over million per BIPS). With the enormous drop in cloud megadatacenter processor costs and the power/cooling representing increasing percentage of total lifetime costs ... cloud operators have been threatening the I86 server chip makers with switch to ARM chips ... which have had more efficient power/BIPS (ARM originally developed for mobile battery devices). ARM chips have had lower BIPS/chip, but once cloud megadatacenter are dealing with millions, they can go to more slower chips ... if it reduces their total lifetime cost of operation.

There are several large cloud operations that are doing dozen or more billion dollar megadatacenters around the world. They view the operations as a cost (rather than a profit item). For more than a decade, they've been claiming they assemble their own systems at 1/3 the price of brand name systems ... and large server chip makers have been saying they ship more chips directly to cloud operations than to brand name server makers (possibly motivation for IBM to sell-off their server business). The large cloud operators spend tens of millions on optimization their dataprocessing costs ... including publicly disclosing lots of their optimization tricks (rather than treating them as competitive advantage) ... examples
http://www.opencompute.org/about/
https://gigaom.com/2012/04/06/making-the-web-more-efficient-a-thousand-servers-at-a-time/
http://storagemojo.com/2007/02/19/googles-disk-failure-experience/

trivia: one of my hobbies at IBM was providing highly enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and IBM HONE (world-wide online sales&marketing support systems) was long-time customer. In the mid-70s, the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Silicon Valley, where the largest single-system-image, loosely-coupled complex of multiple tightly-coupled processors was created. In the early 80s, US HONE was replicated first in Dallas and then another in Boulder, with load-balancing and disaster survivability across the distributed complexes (none of these features were made available to customers). When FACEBOOK first moved into silicon valley, it was into a "new" building built right next door to the "old" HONE datacenter (now with a different occupant).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Later when we were doing IBM HA/CMP (RS/6000) product for IBM ... out marketing I was using the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability. I was also asked to write a section of the corporate continuous availability strategy document ... but the section got pulled when both Rochester (AS/400) and POK (IBM mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the specification.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

We were also doing cluster scaleup as part of HA/CMP ... reference to old Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
Mainframe DB2 was complaining that if I was allowed to go ahead it would be years ahead of them. Within a couple weeks of the Ellison meeting, scaleup was transferred, announced as the IBM supercomputer for technical and scientific *ONLY* and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Old email from the period ... not only working on DBMS cluster scaleup but also technical and scientific with national labs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

oh and the bldg. basement referred to here
http://www.opencompute.org/about/

is next to the old US HONE complex bldg.

recent posts mentioning e5-2600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#29 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#93 HONE Shutdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#39 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#14 Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
Date: 19 Aug 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/i4TtAfxcd7H

After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/after-6-years-qe-and-45-trillion-balance-sheet-st-louis-fed-admits-qe-was-mistake

inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Bernanke fought hard battle in the courts to prevent disclosure what he was doing behind the scenes with the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. After the FED was finally forced to make public what they were doing, Bernanke told the press that he thought that the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to lend to mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but he also didn't stop the ZIRP funds)

Note supposedly one of the reasons Bernanke was chosen as new chair of the FED was because he was a depression era scholar. However, the FED had tried something similar in the 30s and wallstreet had reacted similarly ... so there was no reason that Bernanke should have expected them to do anything different this time.

bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

2010 CBO report after PAYGO
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO

expires (spending can't exceed revenue), then tax revenue was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to PAYGO financial responsible baseline budget). Interest is now pushing half trillion. In theory FED could use ZIRP to buy treasuries and fed debt wouldn't cost anything, but TBTF would be out nearly half trillion.

fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

End of 2008, just the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T in toxic assets "off-book" (that had been going for 22cents on the dollar)
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home
FED starts buying at 98cents on the dollar

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Thu, 20 Aug 2015 11:44:01 -0700
Louis Krupp <lkrupp@nospam.pssw.com.invalid> writes:
John Backus (FORTRAN was my first language).

Backus use to have office down the hall from me and Codd had office on the floor above.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Aug 2015 11:51:55 -0700
mausg writes:
In the Enigma, crypto thing. Many English people are irritated by the US claiming many of the initiatives during the War, but the English do generally not credit the Polish people who initially cracked the Enigma, and sent the documentation to the UK before Poland was overrun.

recent read Intrepid which goes into lots of detail about crypto, enigma, etc. ... one of the issues was with bombing and other problems in england ... they had a lot of things built in the US
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1774-77:
The computers were called, in conversation, "bombes," from French intelligence terminology, a sad echo of the days--now abruptly ended--when Paris was a center of cryptological research. The first British-built models were assembled near Bletchley, but it soon became apparent that production must take place away from enemy bombers, in the United States, where improvements could be made with the help of American mathematicians.

... snip ...

other Intrepid recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Aug 2015 12:56:56 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
What does a crypto guy do nowadays? Sit at his desk all day brooding about that damned RSA? What research could be done given the current state of affairs? Or maybe that was your point?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22
(note still trying to work out how to update garlic.com website since they did change 17April2015).

i was complaining about RSA in the first part of the 80s (30+yrs ago) ... and some MIB showed up to talk to me about it ... never did say where he was from. some old crypto email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

I reported to YKT (on east coast, but was allowed to live in San Jose) at the time and one of the inventors of elliptic-curve was in the YKT math department (as well as person responsible for DES).

this discussion from early 80s is about doing a PGP-like facility (a decade before PGP).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email810506
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email810515

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Aug 2015 17:34:51 -0700
lawrence writes:
Another interesting project that ran at DECWRL and got into most webservers logs during the mid-90s was Altavista.digital.com

also millicent ... we got called in for some discussions
http://www.w3.org/Conferences/WWW4/Papers/246/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
Date: 20 Aug 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#20
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/i4TtAfxcd7H

"There Is No Other End Than A Bad One... It's A Mathematical Certainty"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/there-no-other-end-bad-one-its-mathematical-certainty

fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots. In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasures. Then loan originators were securitizing loans&mortgages and paying for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. Being able to pay for triple-A eliminated any reason for loan originators to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality, they could sell off (all loans as fast as they could be made) to customers restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claim is it accounts for 30% loss in funds and trillions shortfall for pensions), largely enabling being able to do over $27T 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

triple-A rated toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

To bail-out TBTF, the Federal Reserve buys the off-book assets at 98cents on the dollar (they had been going for 22cents on the dollar summer of 2008) and provides tens of trillions in ZIRP funds (used to buy federal debt)

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

From the law of unintended consequences, the lack of documents force the TBTF to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate documents for foreclosures (for which they've been fined tens of billions).

If that wasn't enough, they also start packaging securitized loans/mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victim customers, and then take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans & mortgages). Largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50-60cents on the dollar, when the secretary of treasury steps in and forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at 100cents on the dollar. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was TBTF formerly headed by sec-of-treasury.

VP (former replacement CIA director) ... claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm

Later a son, presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than S&L crisis.

a little more recent

Lehman's Gift To Jeb Bush For Funneling Pension Money: A $1.3 Million Consulting "Job"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/lehmans-gift-jeb-bush-funneling-pension-money-13-million-consulting-job

more FED

Greenspan Imagines Better, Alternate Universe in Which Greenspan Was Not Fed Chair
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/18/greenspan-imagines-better-alternate-universe-greenspan-fed-chair/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2015 09:20:10 -0700
Stephen Wolstenholme <steve@easynn.com> writes:
When he was trying to sell a system to the UK met office for modeling the weather ahead. He observed their existing computing and said "why not look out of the window". They got a Cray computer but it didn't do much better than their existing hardware and modeling. They now have a MONSOON system that seems to be fairly good at the job.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#21 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#23 [Poll] Computing favorities

we were doing a lot of work with NCAR in boulder ... in part because they were going to be one of the NSF "supercomputer" nodes that we were suppose to interconnect (we were suppose to get $20M, but that was before congress cut the budget and several other things happened). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

We also spent a number of years dealing with NCAR about their supercomputer filesystem ... originally MVS system that staged data between tape&disk ... it used hyperchannel for supercomputer systems to communicate with the MVS system for data ... then the MVS system staged the data to disk and loaded channel program into hyperchannel device adapter (channel emulator) and returned the handle of the channel program to the requesting supercomputer (sort of original SAN/NAS). Branch office would periodically call me since I was supposedly the (ibm) company expert on hyperchannel. some past posts using hyperchannel device adapter in 1980 for channel extender (support moving 300 people from the IMS DBMS group to off-site bldg)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Later NCAR was attempting to spin off the file system as "Mesa Archival" product ... but ported from MVS to RS/6000 and the IBM disk division was providing funds for the effort and we were asked to provide them assistance in moving to RS/6000 and initially IPI-disk with HiPPI switch and later fibre-channel switch. One of the issues in HIPPI (and FCS) switch standards was getting "3rd party transfer" support ... to provide the equivalent function of hyperchannel device adaptor (as well as switch path authorization ... which could dynamically turn on and off specific permission for transfers between two specific end-points).

In any case, somewhere in that period, NCAR lost its Cray used for US weather modeling/prediction ... and it was year (or two?) before it got replacement.

posts mentioning hyperchannel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
other posts mentioning working with NSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning "mesa archival"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#22 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#61 GE 625/635 Reference + Smart Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#31 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#6 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#29 FW: Is FICON good enough, or is it the only choice we get?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#15 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#16 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#19 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#47 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#51 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#58 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#69 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#71 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#46 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#68 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 GRS Control Unit ( Was IBM mainframe operations in the 80s)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2015 11:24:10 -0700
hancock4 writes:
The NYT had an article about efforts to repeal stricter public safety laws of hte 1990s.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/22/us/politics/joe-bidens-role-in-90s-crime-law-could-haunt-any-presidential-bid.html

Advocates say reduced crime eliminated the need for such laws. But, in my own humble opinion, we have reduced crime because dangerous offenders were taken off the streets as a result of these laws. I well remember high street crime of the 1970s and 1980s, and I don't want to return to those days.

ob comp: There were several programs in those days to train prison inmates to become computer programmers. I don't know how well those programs worked out; unfortunately, I can't find any literature on it. I don't know what kind of inmate training, if any, exists today. (One prison has a culniary arts program and the inmates run a restaurant under supervision; which is open the public. The food is good.)


the scenario from Freakonomics is that they were expecting big uptic in crime in the 90s ... but it didn't happened ... in fact the reverse (crime dropped). they claim it correlates with legalizing abortions ... that major factor in crime was unwanted children growing up
http://freakonomics.com/

the other side was that the new crime laws resulted in enormous upsurge in non-violent, frequently victimless crimes to populate the for-profit prisons (low-cost low-overhead prisoners) ... turning the US into the largest per-capita prison population in the world
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_incarceration_rate

... and for-profit prisons have become the largest lobby that you never heard of.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/04/28/how-for-profit-prisons-have-become-the-biggest-lobby-no-one-is-talking-about/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_prison
https://www.aclu.org/banking-bondage-private-prisons-and-mass-incarceration
http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2015/06/private-prisons-profit

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#27 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2015 18:06:26 -0700
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
Pretty sure ours hang around MUCH longer. Think many years.

Not sure what the deal is with tape storage now. Used to be you could store a lot of data, a long time, with little cost.


it was what got Oliver North (ibm mainframe email backups)

VP (& former replacement CIA director) ... claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another: A Savings and Loan Bailout, and Bush's Son Jeb
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm

last decade, a son presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises, also last decade

Lehman's Gift To Jeb Bush For Funneling Pension Money: A $1.3 Million Consulting "Job"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/lehmans-gift-jeb-bush-funneling-pension-money-13-million-consulting-job
Election 2016: Jeb Bush And John Kasich's Work At Lehman Spotlights Different Revolving Door Between Business and Government
http://www.ibtimes.com/election-2016-jeb-bush-john-kasichs-work-lehman-spotlights-different-revolving-door-2061128

old "team b" history about replacement CIA director selected because would go along with the "team b" analysis.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

another one of the original "team b" members

The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://billmoyers.com/2015/05/14/jeb-bush-adviser-scare/
The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/jeb-bush-adviser-paul-wolfowitz

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT:  efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 22 Aug 2015 09:21:07 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:
I have recruited programmers for nearly four decades now. A person has either got it, or they ain't got it. There is no try. This talent is with 10-15% of the general population. There is very little variance between social groups, once people get the chance to learn. With the right supervision you sort them out within a few weeks.

In a PPOE we had great success trawling immigrant circles for the savvy ones. There really in a common programmers culture, and it trancends the normal cultures and religions.

I don't see why prisoners should be much different. Perhaps the success rate would be a little lower, but 10% should be able to pass.


i immediately tried to hit the like button, spending too much time on facebook.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:10:10 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Depends on who is telling the story. His opponents (both congress and senate) had very liberal records. Nixon pointed them out very aggressively.

big company & capitalists had gotten bad repuation ... especially after the 29 crash and the depression ... also

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid, loc1901-4:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

then at big national conference held later that year, there is proposal for big propaganda campaign to equate capitalism and christianity

How Corporate America Invented Christian America; How one reverend's big business-backed crusade altered the political landscape.
http://www.alternet.org/belief/how-corporate-america-invented-christian-america
In December 1940, as America was emerging from the Great Depression, more than 5,000 industrialists from across the nation made their yearly pilgrimage to the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, convening for the annual meeting of the National Association of Manufacturers.

... snip ...

big difference in '68 election was having committed treason regarding vietnam, past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#38 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#21 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#22 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#23 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#75 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#87 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

recent hitler/nazi refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#2 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#33 Crossing the Rhine - 70 Years Ago Today - In Pictures!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#60 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#38 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#58 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 22 Aug 2015 16:48:07 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Hear, hear. I have much more admiration for Jon Postel than Mark Zuckerberg.

Postel even used to let me do part of STD1. He also sponsored a talk I gave on electronic commerce at ISI ... including inviting USC graducate computer security group

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2015 09:06:27 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid, loc1901-4:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

then at big national conference held later that year, there is proposal for big propaganda campaign to equate capitalism and christianity

How Corporate America Invented Christian America; How one reverend's big business-backed crusade altered the political landscape.
http://www.alternet.org/belief/how-corporate-america-invented-christian-america

In December 1940, as America was emerging from the Great Depression, more than 5,000 industrialists from across the nation made their yearly pilgrimage to the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, convening for the annual meeting of the National Association of Manufacturers.

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

besides accounts of Nixon covert dealings with the NV to boycott the peace talks and prolong the war during the election (treason)

discussion

How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again.
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/04/corporate-america-invented-religious-right-conservative-roosevelt-princeton-117030.html

of the book

One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

from one of the amazon book reviews
His chapters lay the necessary groundwork nicely for the two most revealing chapters, "Our So-Called Religious Leaders", which largely deal with efforts to pass a constitutional amendment requiring school prayer, and "Which Side Are You On?", an intense look at how shamelessly Richard Nixon and his administration publicy made God "their own".

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2015 10:30:32 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
Somehow, I was totally unaware of the drive to pass a constitutional amendment requiring school prayer. Regardless of his many failings, I still can't believe Richard Nixon was ever stupid enough to think such a thing might pass. He just never struck me as particularly stupid.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

I was just noting the sentance that states those are two separate chapters in the book, one about school prayer and one mostly about nixon ... just reference to statements of fact rather than opinion. The sample that I just downloaded has contents but not those chapters.

PartII/chapter3 is "Government Under God" ... presumably is the effort that added "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

PartIII/chapter7 is "Our So-Called Religious Leaders" is the school prayer admendment. This has the admendment repeatedly proposed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_Prayer_Amendment

PartIII/chapter8 is "Which Side Are You On" is reference to Nixon leveraging the effort for his own purposes. I would guess that the reviewer reference that chapter8 was about Nixon, was a statement of fact ... not a statement of opinion (presumably the chapter actually states that it is about Nixon).

One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.nyjournalofbooks.com/book-review/one-nation
The narrative concludes with President Nixon using religion for divisive, partisan ends. While presidents attended the numerous houses of worship in Washington, D.C. for private worship, Nixon took the drastic step of orchestrating worship services in the White House. With hand-picked attendees and officiants selected from pro-Nixon congregations, the entire operation appeared both unseemly and grotesque. Apart from the obvious church and state separation issues, the Nixon White House wrapped it up in a veil of sanctimonious doublespeak. Nixon alleged these were private worship services, but in actuality they had the calculated grandeur of courtiers groveling before an absolute monarch.

... snip ...

Book Review: "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.nationalmemo.com/book-review-one-nation-under-god-how-corporate-america-invented-christian-america/
Not incidentally, Kruse notes in one of countless fascinating details, J. Walter Thompson at one time employed the future Richard Nixon chief of staff H.R. Haldeman, who went on to be a central figure not only in the Watergate cover-up, but in orchestrating Nixon's efforts to "romance" religious leaders.

... snip ...

"One Nation Under God," by Kevin M. Kruse
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/17/books/review/one-nation-under-god-by-kevin-m-kruse.html?_r=0
The main event in Nixon's pro-war religious revival took place on Independence Day in 1970. Billy Graham led a joint rally and prayer service at the Lincoln Memorial to "Honor America." Graham assured the crowd of 15,000 -- and a national television audience -- that the Republic's founding was "rooted in a book called the Bible"; Kate Smith belted out "God Bless America." But several hundred chanting, mocking, underclad demonstrators managed to distract and anger the crowd, and the occasion did nothing to firm up support for the debacle in Indochina.

... snip ...

One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/unfundamentalistchristians/2015/04/one-nation-under-god-how-corporate-america-invented-christian-america/
Billy Graham also plays a pivotal role in the book -- his shadow looms large over the modern conflation of religion and politics. Describing his influence in the Nixon White House, Kruse says "His words and deeds helped make piety and patriotism seem the sole property of the religious right."

... snip ...

this also has quite long discussion of Nixon from the book
http://www.salon.com/2015/04/25/pagan_statism_the_frightening_corporatechristian_alliance_that_invented_in_god_we_trust_and_one_nation_under_god/

including
Nixon, however, uses the same language in a very different way. He doesn't use it to unite people. He uses it as a way to push divisive political issues. He uses it to advance domestic issues of the silent majority. He uses it as political cover when he widens the Vietnam War to Cambodia and student protests break out. In using this language that's meant to bring people together, he only alienates them and drives them further apart.

... snip ...

following has much more long running discussion of Nixon in the book:
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-long-have-we-really-been-one-nation-under-god/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2015 10:46:03 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

and a few of the accounts of Nixon's Treason

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Nixon betrayal far worse than GOP Iran letter: Column
http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/10/senators-letter-doesnt-rise-to-nixons-level/24695093/
Yes, Nixon Scuttled the Vietnam Peace Talks - John Aloysius Farrell
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/06/yes-nixon-scuttled-the-vietnam-peace-talks-107623.html
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21768668
Richard Nixon's long shadow
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-f-will-nixons-long-shadow/2014/08/06/fad8c00c-1ccb-11e4-ae54-0cfe1f974f8a_story.html
Fleshing Out Nixon's Vietnam 'Treason'
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/
Nixon's Treason Now Acknowledged
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
Did Nixon Commit Treason in 1968? What The New LBJ Tapes Reveal.
http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/60446
Richard Nixon at 100: not just criminal, but treasonous too
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/10/richard-nixon-100-criminal-traitor
How Richard Nixon Sabotaged 1968 Vietnam Peace Talks to Get Elected President
http://www.truth-out.org/progressivepicks/item/13994-how-richard-nixon-sabotaged-1968-vietnam-peace-talks-to-get-elected-president
Newly Released Secret Tapes Reveal LBJ Knew but Never Spoke Out About Nixon's 'Treason'
http://www.thewire.com/national/2013/03/newly-released-secret-tapes-reveal-lbj-knew-never-spoke-out-about-nixons-treason/63188/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2015 11:31:20 -0700
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Both Jobs and Gates did things that set standards of computer usage that have been widely copied by the open source folks. Both brought innovation to the industry and indirectly encouraged innovation technical and financial investment by thinking out of the box. Both Mircosoft and apple are littered with company threatening failures of ideas tried and failed.

The big personal computer was commadore during the 80s. I frequently claim that the rise of IBM/PC was first because it was sold to large corporations that would buy tens of thousands ... w/o requiring business case justification ... aka the 3270 terminal emulation met that they could get an IBM/PC for approx. same cost as an already justified 3270 terminal ... and single desktop footprint get 3270 terminal and some local computing capability.

The size of the IBM/PC business market and the business profit market attracted lots of software developers.

IBM/PC clone makers were attracted to the market because IBM had significant profit margin in the business market ... the clone makers could build for less than IBM and sell at significantly lower price and still make a hefty profit.

The size of the market justified upfront chip design cost for higher integration ... which reduced (per unit) manufacturing cost, the system cost started to drop dramatically in snowball effect as long as upfront (hardware&software) design/development costs across a large enough base.

There came tipping point where increasing capability (upfront development of increasing capable VSLI enabling more powerful software ... variation on Moore's law) was big enabler for distributed and client/server computing ... which the IBM communication group was trying to fight off, preserving its dumb terminal paradigm (and dumb terminal emulation install base). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

At 1996 Moscone MSDC (with all the banners saying "Internet" but the constant message in sessions saying "preserve your investment"), a couple people from Redmond mentioned that they weren't sure where their revenue growth was going to come from. There was analysis that large corporations always would buy the next newest version of software because it provided needed new feature/function ... but around 1996, latest versions were providing 95% of the feature/function used/needed by 95% of users. They had to come up with new marketing approach to convince customers to continue to automatically buy the latest versions/releases (even tho they weren't really providing anything additional that they actually wanted/needed).

The "preserve your investment" was basically adapting networking paradigm that evolved for safe, small, private, local networks and enabling it for wide-open anarchy of the internet w/o any changes in security paradigm or additional countermeasures. This evolves into a security process that requires constant updates/patches for every new attack (as opposed to a generalized security paradigm resistant to attacks). It is now possible to encourage moving to the latest version/releases by dropping the constant updating for earlier version/releases.

some related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2015 12:08:55 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#21 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#23 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#31 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities

note keeping up with Moore's law required fairly significant install base; new fabrication plants every couple years is now running $5B per plant ... and new chip design can run hundred million; so need to sell 10M-50M or more chips.

Motorola wasn't keeping up which helps motivate move off 68K to power/pc. Then IBM was focused on power/pc server market and not keeping up with consumer market (including chips for battery/laptop) and Apple moves to intel.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2015 17:25:20 -0700
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
It was Mamie Eisenhower that got the 'In God We Trust' on the US paper money, Nixon wasn't President when it happened. I don't know if he influenced Ike or not.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#75 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#87 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#34 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

the book/articles said that those things were separate ... it was later that nixon coopted the propaganda effort for his political campaigns and presidency. the common thread wasn't nixon ... it was the industrialists/capatilists funding propaganda campaign to equate capitilism with Christianity (attempting to improve their image, it wasn't nixon as common thread). It wasn't until the last chapter that it has nixon efforts come into play.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 07:26:20 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
the book/articles said that those things were separate ... it was later that nixon coopted the propaganda effort for his political campaigns and presidency. the common thread wasn't nixon ... it was the industrialists/capatilists funding propaganda campaign to equate capitilism with Christianity (attempting to improve their image, it wasn't nixon as common thread). It wasn't until the last chapter that it has nixon efforts come into play.

a couple other books about large corporations and special interests pouring money into propaganda campaigns are

Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

"merchants of Doubt" sort of starts with group of PR specialists and scientist distorting the cancer facts for big tabacco. It then follows a number of other corporate causes where the same people are involved ... including combined efforts with "team b" on behalf of military-industrial complex ... "team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

The Influence Machine: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life
http://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

This gives abbreviated history of Chamber of Commerce ... local and the national organization somewhat disorganized on a number of issues. Then in the late 90s, a new president comes into the national organization and starts campaign targeting corporations for large contributions ... especially massive leverage of non-profit political action groups. The activity becomes so egregious on behalf of large corporations, that some number of local chapters cut ties with the national organization. It plays role in getting the ruling that corporations are people.

recent posts mentioning "Merchants of Doubt" and/or "Influence Machine"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 08:22:10 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
At 1996 Moscone MSDC (with all the banners saying "Internet" but the constant message in sessions saying "preserve your investment"), a couple people from Redmond mentioned that they weren't sure where their revenue growth was going to come from. There was analysis that large corporations always would buy the next newest version of software because it provided needed new feature/function ... but around 1996, latest versions were providing 95% of the feature/function used/needed by 95% of users. They had to come up with new marketing approach to convince customers to continue to automatically buy the latest versions/releases (even tho they weren't really providing anything additional that they actually wanted/needed).

The "preserve your investment" was basically adapting networking paradigm that evolved for safe, small, private, local networks and enabling it for wide-open anarchy of the internet w/o any changes in security paradigm or additional countermeasures. This evolves into a security process that requires constant updates/patches for every new attack (as opposed to a generalized security paradigm resistant to attacks). It is now possible to encourage moving to the latest version/releases by dropping the constant updating for earlier version/releases.


May 26, 1995: Gates, Microsoft Jump on 'Internet Tidal Wave'
http://www.wired.com/2010/05/0526bill-gates-internet-memo/

references moscone spring 1996 & running over internet/tcpip
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Professional_Developers_Conference

I have text for this URL report on the event, archived in old email ... but I'm trying to find a copy already on the net ... this has gone 404, and wayback machine doesn't have it
http://www.hotwired.com/userland/whichwaygil_529.html

some snipits
Steve Jobs was a disappointment. He starts really well, I'm sitting on the edge of my chair, hoping for some of his great confidence to shine. I miss the young Steve Jobs, even though he used to irritate me endlessly. Instead we have Steve sucking up, a Jobs every mother could love. He shows us something that he says is revolutionary, but it's just CGI scripts connecting the web to a database. Maybe the people in the audience were impressed, but I don't think so. Everyone who browses the web understands that some pages are static and some aren't.

...
AOL and Microsoft.

Sitting in a tree.

"A far-reaching strategic partnership."


...

past posts mentioning moscone (some references to january1996, but it was march1996)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#49 Virus propagation risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#45 Computer programming was all about:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#22 Why did TCP become popular ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#62 The Incredible Shrinking Legacy Workforces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#34 Next generation processor architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#32 Frontiernet insists on being my firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#51 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#50 DOS C prompt in "Vista"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#18 Oddly good news week: Google announces a Caps library for Javascript
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#87 CompUSA to Close after Jan. 1st 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#26 realtors (and GM, too!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#43 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#63 who pioneered the WEB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#37 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#36 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#49 Abhor, Retch, Ignite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#50 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#58 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#15 Identifying Latest zOS Fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#57 Are Tablets a Passing Fad?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#59 The lost art of real programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#141 With cloud computing back to old problems as DDos attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#18 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#37 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#97 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#45 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#10 It's all K&R's fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#11 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#23 weird trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#87 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#90 These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 08:25:37 -0700
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
I couldn't find the post where I saw what I replied to, so I just picked one of your posts.

garlic.com changed its webserver on 17Apr2015 (and copied all the files from the old disk locations to the new) ... and don't have a process that updates the new disk location ... I keep updating the old disk location and hoping that some day real soon now they'll provide method for updating new disk location.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 14:02:22 -0700
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
Not clear to me what you are doing, but when I had a web site, the master copy was my local hard disk.

I published to the web site using make.

When I changed from @HOME to Comcast, all I did was:

make clean change site in Makefile. make


presumably you had userid and password for new personal website at comcast, possibly even the same one you use for email?

the new/current garlic.com webserver is a different disk area ... and not the same machine that the old garlic.com webserver was located. They have SFTP with password for uploading. For the new webserver, they initially copied over the disk areas from the old webserver as of 16April2015

The passwords don't work for the machine with the new webserver. I asked several times the first month about what was process and password for the new webserver. They offered suggestions, none of which worked. I'm now down to only asking about once a month.

before the same password for connection, email, etc ... also worked for the webserver. that email/connection/logon password no longer works with the new webserver machine. Nobody has been able to explain to me why it doesn't work. I've tried lots of variations and combinations as work around. However, the process continues to work with the old garlic.com webserver disk area ... but of course none of those changes/updates/new show up when accessed via http://www.garlic.com/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
Date: 24 Aug 2015
Blog: Facebook
20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
http://mashable.com/2014/08/19/college-freshmen-mindset-list/

In the early 80s we were working with NSF and the NSF supercomputer centers and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the centers. Then congress cuts the budget and some other things happen. Finally they release an RFP but internal politics prevent us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connects into the nodes, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

The NSF RFP calls for T1 links (in part because we were already running T1 and faster links). The winning bid is only able to put in 440kbit/sec links ... but then uses a telco multiplexor to run multiple 440kbit links over T1 trunk (to sort of look like they were meeting terms of the RFP). some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Then communication group was spreading lots of misinformation internally, including the NSFNET backbone could be run over VTAM/SNA. Somebody collected lots of their email and forwarded it to us ... copy snipped and heavily redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

The original mainframe TCP/IP product was heavily crippled only getting about 44kbytes/sec aggregate taking full 3090 processor. I did the modifications to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341 got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Much later, the communication group hires an outside consultant to implement TCP/IP support running through VTAM/SNA. He originally demo'ed it and the communication group replied that everybody *knows* that a correct implementation of TCP/IP runs much slower than LU6.2 and they will only will be paying for a correct implementation.

semi-related
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eternal_September

incoming class discovers internet and usenet ... including really egregious things like trying to get people on usenet to do their homework. their behavior usually becomes more principled by the end of the fall semester.

The original mainframe TCP/IP product was implemented in VS/Pascal and ran on VM370 directly mapping TCP/IP packets into LAN/MAC packets and doing I/O to channel attach bridge controller. This was ported to MVS and offered on MVS by simulating of needed VM370 features. It was only much later than the communication group subcontracted implementation of support for TCP/IP in SNA/VTAM.

When I did the RFC1044 enhancements I did I/O to directly send TCP/IP packets to channel attached router box.

In 1980, I did a T1 channel-extender for STL that was moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. The group had tried remote 3270 support and found human factors totally unacceptable. They noticed no difference with the channel-attached 3270 controllers at the remote site. Some tricks done with channel programs actually made it more efficient than attached to real channels (response at local 3270 at remote site was same, but channel busy was significantly reduced and overall system throughput increased by 10-15% because of the reduced channel busy doing 3270 i/o). When Boulder IMS FE group was moved across the highway to different building, a similar implementation was done using infrared T1 modems on the roofs of the two bldgs They were worried about weather conditions affecting the infrared modems ... but in a white-out snow storm when nobody could get into work, the bit-error-rate hardware monitors was only showing a very small increase in bit-errors. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they had, which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard. Much of the channel extender stuff from 1980 was included. Later some channel engineers define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput, eventually released as FICON. Most recent comparison I can find is z196 peak i/o benchmark using 104 FICONs to get 2M IOPS. At about the same time a single (native) fibre-channel was announced for E5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre-channel having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre-channel). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Part of sna/vtam issue was significant overhead and latency per RU/packet. ... by the time got to T1 only a small percentage of elapsed time was involved in transmission. Eventually they come out with 3737 box for T1 support that has boatload of memory and bunch 68k processors simulating local VTAM over CTCA. IT does immediate ACK simulating have arrived at remote end .. and then more efficient 3737-3737 protocol ... and then simulates local VTAM over CTCA at the remote end. Even with all the 68k processors spoofing SNA/VTAM, peak, aggregate thruput was 2mbits/sec on moderate length terrestrial T1. US T1 is 1.5mbits full-duplex or 3mbits aggregate (EU T1 is 2mbits full-duplex, 4mbits aggregate)

The company that I worked with in 1980 for channel-extender was also company that produced rfc1044 box capable of couple hundred megabits/sec tcp/ip router (mainframe interfaces as well as large number of other LAN adapter interfaces, not only T1 but as well the first with T3 interface). In mid-90s they invent VPN ... at the IETF meeting where they present it for standardization ... all the other router vendors go into standard stalling mode ... since none of their products have processors fast enough to do the VPN crypto. One of the other vendors eventually comes out with a VPN product ... which is actually their standard router with point-to-point hardware T1 link encryptors from cylink (i.e. not encrypting tcp/ip sessions tunneled through the internet).

infrared modem trivia: they could loose signal on hot sunny days. it turns out the heating of the sun on the building sides would cause expansion enough to tilt the poles so that the modems were tilted out of alignment. They learned to not mount the modems on static poles on side of the building where the sun heated expansion tilt was the most extreme.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.misc
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 16:25:24 -0700
RS Wood <rsw@therandymon.com> writes:
I am however surprised that this far into the thread there have been no mention of anyone from the "mini" generation of computing ... no mention of DEC or the others.

some other

Ted Nelson & Xanadu ... was bought by Autodesk maker of AutoCad

Doug Engelbart & NLS/Augment ... at SRI and then picked up by TYMSHARE. "Mother of all demos" in 1968 demonstrated mouse, bitmapped screens, hypertext ... from NLS/Augment effort.

TYMSHARE had done GNOSIS ... and when M/D bought TYMSHARE, I was brought in for audit/review of GNOSIS as part of spin-off as KeyKOS. I also got asked if I could find offer for Doug in IBM and setup some interviews.

Many of the people mentioned in this thread were regulars at the annual silicon valley (invitation only) hackers conference ... including some of the east coasters like ritchie.

I was to get original version of adventure from tymshare ... who had got copy from Stanford SAIL and moved it to their DEC10 and then ported it to vm370/cms. I then made it available inside IBM.

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#21 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#23 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#31 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#36 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities

(note still have problem with garlic.com webserver).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 25 Aug 2015 13:36:37 -0700
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
Swiftwater Bill didn't write code for the great Grand Coulee dam? That seems more fitting, since he was from Seattle.

He did some stuff, but he was in high school, so he got to "test" software, and had some business to make machines to measure traffic (but I can't remember if that actually put out a product). Then he was off to Harvard, maybe a bit younger than many, where soon the Altair 8800 appeared on the cover of Popular Electronics, and they made their bid to write a BASIC for it.


the dam part
http://www.usbr.gov/pn/grandcoulee/

my mother's house just off the left edge of the picture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Grand_Coulee_Dam_Panorama_Smaller.jpg

sells electricity
https://www.bpa.gov/Pages/home.aspx
The Bonneville Power Administration was created by the U.S. government in 1937 to market wholesale power from federal hydroelectric dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers. In 1938, information officer Stephen B. Kahn established BPA's motion picture division to educate the public about the benefits of clean, affordable and reliable electric power from the Northwest's unique power and transmission system.

....

I was computer geek at WSU ... while undergraduate they hired me fulltime to be responsible for production mainframe systems.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 25 Aug 2015 16:01:57 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
I was computer geek at WSU ... while undergraduate they hired me fulltime to be responsible for production mainframe systems.

I had been washing dishes to pay my way, fulltime employment at the datacenter was lot more interesting. I got to rewrite a lot of ibm software ... and it was even picked up for their products ... back in the days before charging for software and unbundling announcement, some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

seveneves

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: seveneves
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:10:56 -0700
Greymaus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
Noticing the present Chinese Stock market movements, I remember that speculators make money, not so much when stocks go up or go down, but wne they change any way.

they bet on the change ... and many go to a great deal of trouble to make sure the change is the way they are betting. modern computerized high-frequency trading has greatly exacerbated it ... but it was going before ... before HFT really kicks in, admitting it was illegal but didn't have anything to worry about from the regulators
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

recent HFT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

part of current environment is that regulators are fining (but TBTF aren't going to jail, part of the motivation for the too big to prosecute and too big to jail references) ... the fines being viewed as just cost of doing illegal business (running to the trillions while fines tend to be in the low billions or hundreds of millions).

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

not just the stock market, but anything they can bet on, LIBOR, commodities market (oil, gas, grain, metals, etc) and foreign exchange, etc. some recent posts mentioning FOREX/foreign exchange
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#37 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#59 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

past LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

seveneves

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: seveneves
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:54:55 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
they bet on the change ... and many go to a great deal of trouble to make sure the change is the way they are betting. modern computerized high-frequency trading has greatly exacerbated it ... but it was going before ... before HFT really kicks in, admitting it was illegal but didn't have anything to worry about from the regulators
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves

from today:

What If The "Crash" Is As Rigged As Everything Else?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-26/what-if-crash-rigged-everything-else
There is an almost touching faith that markets are rigged when they loft higher, but unrigged when they crash. Who's to say this crash isn't rigged? A few things about this "crash" (11% decline from all time highs now qualifies as a "crash") don't pass the sniff test.

...
Why would "somebody" engineer a mini-crash and send volatility to "the world is ending" levels? There are a couple of possibilities.

...
Take your pick--here's three good reasons to engineer a "crash" that benefits the few at the expense of the many.

... snip ...

for another take on how peverted the regulators have become

Banks Get Credit for Helping the Poor -- By Financing Their Evictions?
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/24/banks-get-credit-helping-poor-financing-evictions/

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

seveneves

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: seveneves
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 08:10:11 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves

another

Monday's stock market debacle stinks of a robot-driven flash crash
http://www.businessinsider.com/financial-advisor-insights-august-25-2015-2015-8

Are HFT and computers to blame for the market's quick drop? The Dow's 1,100-point drop off the opening bell Monday cost investors untold amounts of money and suggests the market is still broken
http://www.investmentnews.com/article/20150825/BLOG09/150829955/are-hft-and-computers-to-blame-for-the-markets-quick-drop

there have been a number of articles about the egregious manipulation using HFT has been driving ordinary investors out of the market ... which would just leave the HFT operators slugging it out with each other.

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

seveneves

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: seveneves
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 11:57:36 -0700
Greymaus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
China stocks were bound to fall sometime, t'was just when. Housing in China, the same.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves

US market lots of financial manipulation, pump&dump on grandiose scale, etc

Behind the Market Crash: the Smoke and Mirrors of Corporate Buybacks
http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/08/26/behind-the-market-crash-the-smoke-and-mirrors-of-corporate-buybacks/
Not China. China's simply back to the level that it was earlier in the year. One of the problems with the Chinese market that is quite different from the American and European market is that a lot of the big Chinese banks have lent to small lenders, sort of small wholesale lenders, that in turn have lent to retail people.

... snip ...

buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

business news right now is talking oil price whipsaw. Vampire Squid had chapter on oil (commodity) manipulation when oil spiked well over $100 summer of 2008 and then crashed. CFTC (commodities market) had rule that players required substantial commodity position to play ... then there were 19 secret letters allowing specific speculators to play. Later, a senator released oil commodity transaction information showing speculators were responsible for the spike (pump&dump profit on the way up) and then crash (and profit on the way down). vampire squid posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

Supposedly $700B appropriated in TARP funds was to bailout TBTF by buying off-book toxic assets ... however just the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T "off-book" at the end of 2008.
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

so there was no possible way that TARP funds could have saved the TBTF.

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

However, the TBTF had been packaging securitized loans&mortgages designed to fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans and mortgages), paying for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, but enable selling to operations restricted to dealing in "safe" investments; like large pension funds), selling off to their victims/customers, and taking out CDS gambling bets that they would fail.

The largest holder of these gambling bets was AIG that was negotiating to pay off the gambling bets at 50-60cents on the dollar, when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at 100cents on the dollar (the largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG, and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was the TBTF formally headed by the sec. of treasury).

The real bailout was by the Federal Reserve which fought long legal battle to prevent revealing what they were doing ... when they finally lost, it turns out that they were making tens of trillions of ZIRP funds available to TBTF and buying trillions in off-book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (that had been going for 22cents on the dollar).

Bernanke holds press conference and says that he had expected that the TBTF would turn around and use the ZIRP funds to lend to mainstreet, but when they didn't he had now way to force them (but that didn't stop the flow of ZIRP funds). Note one of Bernanke qualifications supposedly was that he was a depression era scholar ... however the Federal Reserve had done something similar after the '29 crash, and wallstreet had behaved the save.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

recent posts mentioning ZIRP funds:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#70 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#41 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#43 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#83 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#84 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#93 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#16 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#27 Federal Subsidies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#20 After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#25 After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

seveneves

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: seveneves
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 12:25:55 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Behind the Market Crash: the Smoke and Mirrors of Corporate Buybacks
http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/08/26/behind-the-market-crash-the-smoke-and-mirrors-of-corporate-buybacks/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#49 seveneves

also:
This is what most of the commentators don't get. All this market run-up we've seen in the last year or two has been by the Federal Reserve making credit available to banks at about one-tenth of 1 percent. The banks have lent to big institutional traders and speculators thinking, well gee, if we can borrow at 1 percent and buy stocks that yield maybe 5 or 6 percent, then we can make the arbitrage. So they've made a 5 percent arbitrage by buying, but they've also now lost 10 percent, maybe 20 percent on the capital.

... snip ..

part of the crash of '29 was enormous stock market speculation using borrowed money with little or no down ... Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (reference that maybe new congress would have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile, but then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington) .... from pg. 7281 of hearings:
BROKERS' LOANS AND INDUSTRIAL DEPRESSION

For the purpose of making it perfectly clear that the present industrial depression was due to the inflation of credit on brokers' loans, as obtained from the Bureau of Research of the Federal Reserve Board, the figures show that the inflation of credit for speculative purposes on stock exchanges were responsible directly for a rise in the average of quotations of the stocks from sixty in 1922 to 225 in 1929 to 35 in 1932 and that the change in the value of such Stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange went through the same identical changes in almost identical percentages.


... snip ...

posts mentioning Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

big part of the economic mess last decade was something similar, but with the real estate market (instead stock market), no-down, no-documentation liar loans&mortgages, securitized and paid for triple-A rating.

TBTF were also using ZIRP funds to buy treasuries making nearly half-trillion/year off federal debt. CBO had 2010 report that previous decade, tax revenue had been cut by $6T and spending increased by increased by $6T for $12T budget gap ... compared to PAYGO fiscal responsible baseline budget. Congress had allowed PAYGO to expire in 2002 (required gov. spending couldn't exceed revenue). Excuses (for letting PAYGO expire) include enormous bribes for tax loopholes for special interests (including wallstreet, but also wallstreet likes making money from federal debt)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO

fiscal responsbility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 2015 10:33:20 -0700
Stan Barr <plan.b@bluesomatic.org> writes:
I too used turbo Pascal but got increasingly annoyed with its departures from standard Pascal. Someone bought me FST Modula which was much better - followed the M2 Standard and produced rock solid code. Borland-style environment for development so easy to switch.

Two people in the Los Gatos lab had done mainframe pascal started using metaware tools (one of the people later left and joined metaware) used for developing internal vlsi design tools. Later it was released to customers as products ... and also used for original mainframe tcp/ip product. The mainframe pascal got a lot of enhancements as well as ported to rs/6000 workstation.

After IBM went into the red (and we had left), there was a lot of shedding resources. One of those activities was moving to industry VLSI tools ... which included transferring some number of internal tools to a company selling vlsi design tools. I got contracted to port one such 50+k statement VLSI design tool to SUN workstations as part of transfer of the product. Their pascal appeared to have never got passed student educational use ... and never used for anything approaching a 50k statement product ... further aggrevated that SUN had outsourced pascal to company 12 time zones away ... i could go by sun offices ... but every problem still required at least overnight turn around (it wasn't just removing use of all vs/pascal enhancements).

many people considered the los gatos lab the most scenic in the company ... but part of the downturn of the company ... it was sold off for a housing development (and plowed under). this goes along with several bldgs. on san jose disk division plant site getting plowed under and land sold off for housing development. The management at the time was getting credit for bringing in cash anyway possible (regardless of whether things were sold off as book loss).

IBM also sold off Purchase NY location (was originally built for nestle's new hdqtrs) to Mastercard. We were doing some financail industry work and had meeting at Mastercard's new hdqtrs very shortly after they moved in. They said that they paid more to have all the interior door handles replaced than they paid IBM for the bldg.

As an aside, during much of the 80s, the communication group was fighting off tcp/ip, client/server, distributed computing, etc ... trying to preserve its dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

They were finally backed into corner having to go along with releasing the (vs/pascal)mainframe TCP/IP product ... but in many ways it was initially crippled ... getting around 44kbyte/sec aggregate throughput using full 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for RFC1044 support .. and in some tuning tests at Cray research between a 4341 and a cray, got sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes move per instruction executed) ... rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

past posts mentioning metaware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#66 Mainframe Spreadsheets - 1980's History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#19 Beyond 8+3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#52 Question about Unix "heritage"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71 What terminology reflects the "first" computer language ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#30 First single chip 32-bit microprocessor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#35 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#38 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#39 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#61 will there every be another commerically signficant new ISA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#14 something like a CTC on a PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#1 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#33 Power5 and Cell, new issue of IBM Journal of R&D
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#14 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#11 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of ?patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#36 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#11 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#54 PL/I vs. Pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#69 Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#32 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#89 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#21 The simplest High Level Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#59 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#36 Quote on Slashdot.org

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 2015 11:36:13 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Two people in the Los Gatos lab had done mainframe pascal started using metaware tools (one of the people later left and joined metaware) used for developing internal vlsi design tools. Later it was released to customers as products ... and also used for original mainframe tcp/ip product. The mainframe pascal got a lot of enhancements as well as ported to rs/6000 workstation.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#21 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#22 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#23 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#26 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#31 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#36 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#39 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#43 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#44 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#45 [Poll] Computing favorities

not much left around regarding metaware

ARC Cores to buy tools provider MetaWare
http://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1140240

brief reference to metaware TWS manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71

There was a effort up at the Palo Alto Science Center to port BSD unix to mainframe. I had been talking to one of the two LSG people responsible for mainframe pascal about doing a C-language front-end. I was off on extended business trip to Europe and when I got back, he had left IBM and joined Metaware. I then suggested to the PASC group that they should contract with Metaware for mainframe C-compiler. Then the PASC group were instructed to retarget their BSD port from mainframe to PC/RT workstation (eventually released as AOS) ... and they kept metaware for their c-compiler ... retargeted for the PC/RT.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

PC/RT had originally started out as a displaywriter follow-on using ROMP 801/risc chip with cp.r ... implemented in pl.8. When the displaywriter followon got killed, they decided to retarget to unix workstation market. They got the company that had done the AT&T unix port for PC/IX to do one for ROMP. However, they had all these pl.8 programmers so they came up with the idea of doing a virtual machine abstract layer (implemented in pl.8) with the UNIX port being done to this abstract machine layer ... claiming it would be much faster and take less resources than having the outside group implement directly to the bare metal (finally released as AIX).

PASC managed to do AOS in significantly less resources (& time) than it took for (PC/RT) AIX.

PASC besides working with UCB on BSD ... it was also working with UCLA on Locus. They eventually release Locus for both mainframe and 386 ... which were named AIX/370 and AIX/386 (but having nothing to do with AIX for the PC/RT).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

seveneves

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: seveneves
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 2015 16:05:02 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves

more HFT control the market ...

Mini flash crash? Trading anomalies on manic Monday hit small investors.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/mini-flash-crash-trading-anomalies-on-manic-monday-hit-small-investors/2015/08/26/6bdc57b0-4c22-11e5-bfb9-9736d04fc8e4_story.html?tid=sm_tw

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframes open to internet attacks?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Mainframes open to internet attacks?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 27 Aug 2015 22:46:28 -0700
mike.a.schwab@GMAIL.COM (Mike Schwab) writes:
How about Multics? Designed from the start to be multi-user and highly secure.

some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr and did Multics. Other of the CTSS people went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did cp67/cms, the internal network, online services, etc. Being in the same bldg. separated by one flr, there was some rivalry.

One of the early "tests" was when science center ported apl\360 to cms for cms\apl ... it allowed typical apl\360 16kbyte workspaces to be increased to virtual memory size ... and also added API that allowed access of system services (like file read/write). Opening APL to real-world applications attracted a lot of internal locations to start using the cambridge system remotesly. A group of business planners in Armonk loaded the most valuable corporate asset (customer details) on cambridge system to do business modeling applications in cms\apl.

we had some interesting issues since non-employess (cambridge area univ students, instructors, professors) also had online access to the cambridge system. some posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some multics installations:
http://www.multicians.org/site-afdsc.html
http://www.multicians.org/mgd.html#DOCKMASTER

other old reference to DOCKMASTER org. (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

and old reference to afds coming by to talk about 20 vm/4341 systems ... but then that was increased to 220 (posted in multics discussion group)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404

Recently a european that worked in NATO claimed that they got 6000 vm/4341 systems.

Note that Multics was implemented in PLI.

Up through the 90s, the major tcp/ip bugs/exploits were because of buffer length related bugs epidemic in c-language implementations (and still continues to be a frequent source of exploits). The original ibm mainframe tcp/ip product was implemented in vs/pascal and had *none* of these epidemic bugs found in c-language implementations.

As an aside, for various reasons this implementation had some significant performance issues, getting 44kbytes/sec aggregate using 3090 processor. I did the rfc1044 enhancements and some tuning tests at cray research got sustained channel speed throughput between cray and 4341, using only modest amount of 4341 (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). The (non-rfc1044) version was also made available on MVS by simulating the required VM functions. Much later the communication group contracted for TCP/IP support through VTAM. After the initial demonstration, the communication group told the contractor that everybody *knows* that a *correct* version of TCP/IP runs slower than LU6.2 and they will only be paying for a *correct* version.

I also had other rivalry with the 5th flr. One of my hobbies was providing enhanced operating systems to internal locations ... some old email regarding CSC/VM (later it was SJR/VM, after I transferred to san jose research):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

It wasn't fair to compare the total number of Multics systems that had ever existed with the total number of vm370 customer systems or even the total number of internal vm370 systems. However, for a time, I had a few more internal csc/vm systems than the total number of Multics systems.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 29 Aug 2015 09:49:45 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
The US (Woodrow Wilson) was almost singlehandedly responsible fir the chaos that followed that's still going on today. The dismemberment of the Austrian and German empires led directly to WW II,mand the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire caused the uproar in the middle east that's still not settled.

Many of the wars during the 1700 & 1800s were about taking territory from the declining Austrian and Ottoman empires.

There were was enormous amount of war profiteering going on in the US before and after entry into the war1... Wilson was facing British, French and major elements at home looking to loot the rest of the world.

Setting the Desert on Fire: T. E. Lawrence and Britain's Secret War in Arabia, 1916-1918 (James Barr) pg129/loc2479-87:
The previous month the United States had joined the war against Germany. But when the American president, Woodrow Wilson, announced his government's decision, he launched a much more general attack on the conduct of European foreign policy that had led to war. He attacked the "little groups of ambitious men who were accustomed to use their fellow men as pawns and tools" and declared, "We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion." The United States, Wilson concluded, would "fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts--for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and liberties of small nations."7 Rhetoric of this kind made Sykes feel decidedly uncomfortable. Unsurprisingly, when Wilson's foreign-policy adviser, Edward House, found out about the Sykes-Picot treaty, he was blunt. "It is all bad, and I told Balfour so," he wrote.8 Sykes sensed a hostile turn in the mood toward British and French imperialist war aims and began to change his tune.

...

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc334-37:
President Woodrow Wilson, who had been Foster's favorite professor at Princeton, differed with his secretary of state, William Jennings Bryan, on how to respond to Germany's attack on the Lusitania, and their dispute led Bryan to resign. In his place Wilson appointed Bryan's deputy, Robert Lansing, the mustachioed Anglophile who was also Foster and Allie's beloved "Uncle Bert."

... loc513-15:
There is no hint that Foster or Allie ever regretted the failure of delegates in Paris to address the aspirations of colonized nations. They did, however, come to rue some of the other decisions embodied in the final treaty, which was signed at Versailles on June 28, 1919.

... log567-69:
The Dulles brothers returned from Paris with newly burnished reputations. Foster in particular had made a powerful debut on the world stage. By impressing influential Europeans and becoming a confidant of President Wilson,

...

Then Foster becomes a major player in rebuilding Germany's economy and military. In the 30s, members of congress who were opposed to the enormous war profiteering they saw in WW1, got the Neutraility laws passed. The commercial factions in US focused on enormous war profiting, were framing it as isolationism. From the law of unintended consequences, for the 1943 US Strategic Bombing campaign, they need the location of German military&industrial targets, they get the locations from wallstreet.

In 1944, Roosevelt, commissions the strategic bombing survey (because strategic bombing campaign representsed 1/3rd of WW2 spending) that finds it had contributed little or nothing to the war effort. Afterwards you find Lemay(&McNamara) fire bombing German cities (from 5-6 miles up it was nearly impossible to hit military targets, but almost impossible to miss fire bombing large cities) and then fire bombing Japanese cities (besides problem hitting small targets, they didn't have the equivalent of wallstreet German military target locations). After WW2, McNamara leaves for Ford, but comes back as SECDEF for vietnam where Laos becomes the most bombed country in history.

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

war is a racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
In War Is A Racket, Butler points to a variety of examples, mostly from World War I, where industrialists whose operations were subsidised by public funding were able to generate substantial profits essentially from mass human suffering.

...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The long, slow death of the rule of law in America

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
Date: 29 Aug 2015
Blog: Facebook
This is spot on, marred only by the lack of the attention to the "above the law" status of too big to fail banksters, billionaires and crony capitalists

The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
http://www.ocregister.com/articles/government-679481-clinton-politics.html

ditto ... In this period the VP (and former head of CIA) said that he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another: A Savings and Loan Bailout, and Bush's Son Jeb
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html
and: Lehman's Gift To Jeb Bush For Funneling Pension Money: A $1.3 Million Consulting "Job"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/lehmans-gift-jeb-bush-funneling-pension-money-13-million-consulting-job

last decade, one of his sons presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis. An indication that wallstreet perfected its stranglehold on washington and the regulatory agencies was that in the S&L crisis there were 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions. In the economic mess (70 times larger), there has been *NO* criminal referrals (or convictions)

this 2008 article has appeared and then disappeared behind paywall and then reappeared.
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/coming-soon-securitization-with-a-new-improved-and-perhaps-safer-face/
Linneman figures that 1,000 CEOs are accountable for about 80% of the current lending mess. If the government were to spend $10 billion to restore liquidity to the market in nine months with only 1,000 people losing their jobs, it would be the best investment it could make to the economy. "I'm only half-kidding," he quips.

... snip ....

Economic mess did over $27T in (triple-A rated, toxic) securitized loans/mortgages 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

Current estimate that the too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) have been fined a total of $300B since the economic mess (not just for loan, mortgage and securities fraud, but also money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, and commodities markets, tax evasion, fabricated foreclosure documents done in robo-signing mills, etc), but are clearing $300B/yr off ZIRP funds (separate from the enormous profits they are making from their illegal activity). Given the tens of trillions involved, the joke is that the $300B in total fines is just being viewed as cost of doing (illegal) business.

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
triple-A rated toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

As an aside, some of the biggest fines (of the $300B) were suppose to go to compensate victims of fraudulent foreclosures. A company was used to manage the fines & compensation ... staffed by several people involved in the financial mess. Not surprising quite a bit of the funds never reach the intended victims.
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2013/04/the-foreclosure-settlement-scandal-its-all-about-paying-former-regulators-billions/

more here:
http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=11102

as aside the head of FDIC large bank examination caught WaMu early and reported it up through head of FDIC, he was then demoted and then let go.

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
private-equity companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

reference to Petraeus, former CIA director resigned in disgrace for leaking classified documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#37 C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#54 National Security and Double Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#58 Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#32 PEU Report: Obama's Intelligence Oversight Board a Corporate Lot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#75 Hillary Remains Clueless About Regulation on the 28th Anniversary of the Keating Five Meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#80 Moody's Has a Cow, Slams GE's Masterful Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#97 Booz Allen Wolves Offer Advice on Protecting NSA Henhouse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#6 The US Equity Bubble Depends On Corporate Buybacks; Here's The Proof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#42 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#37 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 29 Aug 2015 15:56:20 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
past posts mentioning robber barons:

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

as this references, the "robber barons" were considered those directly employing and victimizing their workers

All the Presidents' Bankers, pg126/loc2999-3003:
Teddy Roosevelt had taken on the nonfinancial trusts in his day, but he had supported the "money trusts" during the Panic of 1907. Woodrow Wilson had bashed the money trusts in public (never by name), but established a Federal Reserve from which they could be assured support during emergencies. Hoover had tried unsuccessfully to work with the money trusts and secure the financial system at the same time. FDR had figured out how to effect real structural change with support from both parties: key commercial bankers and citizens.

... snip ...

letting wallstreet and the financial engineering that created the environment ... getting pretty much free pass ... or at least until after crash of '29. Senate Pecora hearings finally brought some of them to justice. Posts mentioning Glass-Steagall and/or Pecora hearings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Some of them get caught in the S&L crisis ... but evidence that wallstreet has perfected its stranglehold on washington and the regulatory agencies is that their were 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions related to the S&L crisis, so far there have been none, nada, zero for the economic mess (70 times larger than S&L crisis) ... too big to fail, then giving rise to too big to prosecute and too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

The Federal Reserve shows up in the economic mess, behind the TARP scene, doing the real bail-out of the too big to fail. Just the four largest TBTF still had $5.2T in toxic assets carried "off-book" at the end of 2008,
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

with only $700B appropriated for TARP there could have never been any real expectations of doing anything. FED fought a legal battle to prevent disclosure of the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds and buying trillions in off-book assets at 98cents on the dollar.

The TBTF were creating triple-A rated securitized loans&mortgages designed to fail, paying for triple-A ratings, selling to their victims/customers, and then taking out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demands for dodgy loans/mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50-60 cents on the dollar. The sec of treasury (who had pushed through the whole TARP deal), steps in forces AIG to sign document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at 100cents on the dollar. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs is TBTF formally headed by sec. of treasury. There was farce of providing TBTF with TARP funds (in part used for enormous executive bonuses) which could be paid back with profits off the ZIRP funds.

recent posts mentioning Federal Reserve and/or FED chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Aug 2015 10:03:22 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Any non-overloaded system would be fast. TSO had subsecond response time when I ran something at 3:00 on a Sunday morning. Most systems I ever worked on, IBM and non-IBM, were overloaded.

TSO used to be considered never to be less than second response time ... because of significant processing and inefficient disk i/o (more recently masked by unloaded systems on machines with processing power that has grown faster than system overhead, and lots of i/o infrastructure doing caching).

Circa 1980, there was a number of papers published about 1/4 sec. (or less) response improving human productivity. With the introduction of the channel attached 3274/3278 (controller/terminal), there was attention about its poor human factors ... which had gone unnoticed by TSO users (since their system response was typically already at least a second, and usually much worse).

The older channel attached 3272/3277 had consistent hardware "response" of .086 seconds. Systems reports that published 1/4sec. system response would actually show .25+.086=.336secs seen by the end user. For 3274/3278, a lot of terminal electronics was moved back into the (shared) controller ... which resulted in contention for controller resources as well as lots of latency with lots of protocol chatter between the terminal display and electronics back in the controller. Best channel attaches 3274/3278 hardware response was .283 seconds but more typically .530 seconds. As a result, TSO users use to "great" 1sec system response with channel attached 3272/3277 would hardly notice the change to 1.5sec. with 3274/3278 (especially when system response was nominal much worse than 1sec).

I had done bunch of system operations so had .11 90th percentile trivial system response (avg. was much less) over wide range of loads on a number systems. As a result, end user response with channel attached 3272/3277 was .11+.086=.196secs ... under quarter sec.

more details in this past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#19 3270 protocol

and of course ... all 327x controllers that weren't directly channel attached would have additional latency and overhead. terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

the switch to moving electronics back into 3274 and the significant protocol chatter shows up latter in emulated terminal throughput. IBM/PC with emulated 3277 card would have three times the upload/download throughput ... than IBM/PC with emulated 3278 card.

We had event in the late 70s at IBM San Jose Research that highlighted the horrible TSO response wasn't totally to be blamed on TSO, but significant amount was the underlying system that it ran on. MVS/TSO was running on 370/168 and VM370/CMS was running on 370/158 ... the configuration had two separate 3830 disk controllers with dedicated strings of 3330 disk drives. The two 3830 disk controllers were "two-channel" switch connected to both processors, but operational guidelines specified one 3830 as MVS-deducated and associated string of 3330s used for only MVS disk packs; the other 3830 and 3330 disk strings were dedicated to VM370.

One day, an operator violated the guidelines and mounted a MVS 3330 pack on VM370 disk drive. Within five minutes, the datacenter was getting irate user complaints about VM370 response had suddenly significantly degraded.

It turns out that standard MVS operation does lots of multi-track disk i/o operations which locks up the disk controller (and channel) for .25 to .3 seconds ... any other I/O requests became blocked until the multi-track search completed (the MVS multi-track searches on the VM370 "controler" was blocking VM370 I/O). MVS TSO users are accustomed to the enormous response degradation that has on normal operations ... while it came as an unpleasant surprise to the VM370 users. We asked operations to move the MVS pack to MVS 3330 drive and they send they would wait until 2nd shift (this was in the morning).

It turns out all the os/360 genre systems suffer from this severe multi-track performance degradation characteristic ... so we bring up a VS1 system in vm370 virtual machine and put its 3330 on the MVS 3330 string ... and start up some of its multi-track operation. Now MVS pathlength has gotten so bad, that a VS1 running in a VM370 virtual machine on a loaded 370/158 was able to bring the MVS system on a dedicated real 370/168 to its knees ... and alleviate the response problem for the vm370/cms users. Operations then aggree to immediately move the MVS pack ... if we take down the VS1 system.

An MVS system didn't have to be heavily loaded before the multi-track search effects started horribly degrading TSO response. Past posts about CKD dasd, including references to effects of multi-track search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Aug 2015 10:07:37 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#58 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>

oh, and past posts mentioning the studies showing relationship between response and human productivity:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#53 3270 Terminal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#84 Is there an SPF setting to turn CAPS ON like keyboard key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#12 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#13 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#15 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#2 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#15 cp67, vm370, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#37 Why File transfer through TSO IND$FILE is slower than TCP/IP FTP ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#37 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#1 3270 response & channel throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#55 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#44 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#127 How Much Bandwidth do we have?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Aug 2015 11:26:23 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I remember reading that paper at the time. The conclusion was that fast response time allowed users to get into a rhythm, while slow responses gave their minds time to wander while they waited for the system. Once they got a response, they had to get their minds back into the job, inducing still more delays. But invariably this was seen as less important than saving a few bucks on hardware.

At the time I was using Univac gear which polled strings of terminals once a second, setting a minimum response time well above that 1/4 second. And I overheard some people in the 1100 group talking about stuffing delays into the response if the system was ready too soon, for they felt a consistent response time, however slow, was better than coming back as quickly as possible.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#58 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#59 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>

different issues affecting the way it may be calculated.

we complained to the 3274/3278 group about it being a worse product than 3272/3277 for interactive computing. Their eventual response was that 3274/3278 wasn't intended for interactive computing ... it was for "data entry" ... aka electronic keypunch.

some organizations were heavily oriented towards computer activity, large staffs that had heavy computer use that was needed to produce whatever needed to be done. If it was simple calculation ... additional million dollars to get quarter second response, executives might not see correlation (especially if they made little use of computers themselves). However, say the total investment in hardware, software and people is $100million ... if .25second response improves overall productivity by 10% ... that could justify $10m additional hardware.

I had blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s ... the most famous was "tandem memos" that was kicked off from a trip report I distributed after visiting Jim Gray at Tandem ... from IBMJargon
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

In the wake of Tandem Memos the corporation kicked off several investigations into the phenomenon, including some of the issues raised. Also brought into consideration was "Mip Envy" that Jim Gray had written as he was leaving IBM San Jose Research for Tandem:
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

... snip ...

version here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
slightly later version a Jim's site that Microsoft keeps:
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gray/
here
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gray/papers/CritiqueOfIBM%27sCSResearch.pdf

as part of the investigations there were visits to other corporate and academic research computer installations to see how IBM compared. There is some saying about children of shoemaker have the worst shoes, ... in any case afterwards there was significant increase in internal dataprocessing budget ... that was somewhat easier to deal with than issues about corporate organization and how the company was being run. ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61 MVS History (all parts)

One of the Boyd-related people has spent the last 20yrs working ong getting reform in the US military personnel system, written books, papers, given training classes at military installations all over the country, etc. Recently somebody in the pentagon charged with looking at the subject, presented report to SECDEF that is heavily laced throughout with his recommendations (now see if it actually has some affect). In recent online discussion, I've had opportunity to post learson's management briefing from 1972 on bureaucray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#11 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#19 Where to Flatten the Officer Corps

and watson's "wild ducks"

How to Stuff a Wild Duck (IBM poster; Jan 1973)
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/GO/wildDuck.html

other "wild duck" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#38 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#25 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#18 IT full of 'ducks'? Declare open season
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#30 IBM Centennial Film: Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#1 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#45 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#93 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#105 5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#121 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#3 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#7 Leadership Trends and Realities: What Does Leadership Look Like Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#26 Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#24 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#26 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#31 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#65 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#12 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#72 In Command, but Out Of Control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#3 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#4 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#68 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#52 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#97 Where does the term Wild Duck come from?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#98 How to groom a leader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#52 First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#53 Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#8 Microsoft culture must change, chairman says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#65 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#80 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Aug 2015 12:21:56 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
A lot of things have changed in an effort to improve this. PDS directories (and PDSs themselves) can now be cached. This was one major user of multi-track search. VTOCs are indexed to eliminate another.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#58 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#59 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>

It all became something of farce when there were no longer any real CKD and real multi-track search ... all being simulated on fixed-block devices (there hasn't been real CKD manufactured for decades).

traces back to late 70s when MVS wouldn't provide FBA support. Then E-CKD (sort of minor FBA subset) was introduced for calypso speed-matching buffer (allowing 3mbyte/sec 3380 disks to be retrofitted to older machines with 1.5mbyte/sec channels). I would claim that the pain to get E-CKD and speed matching working was on par if MVS had done FBA support originally (and speed matching would be fallout of FBA support) ... and it would have also eliminated the subsequent enormous costs and overhead associated with continuing to emulate CKD ... even when CKD hasn't existed for decades.

some of this was recently discussed in ibm-main
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#86 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#89 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#4 3380 was actually FBA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#6 3380 was actually FBA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#9 3380 was actually FBA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#15 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

however, since I'm still ahving troubles with garlic.com webserver, threads are also here:
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/K2Elt-40-VE
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/3QSdKeko604

other past CKD, FBA, multi-track posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Aug 2015 14:22:11 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I suppose it could be - it would give you a predictable amount of time to spend organizing files, writing memos, reading a book, etc. as a form of multitasking. But it still feels like a cop-out.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#58 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#59 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#61 [Poll] Computing favorities</a>

ditto

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Aug 2015 18:04:22 -0700
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
Boeing was founded in 1916 (as "Pacific Aero Products Co.") and took the founder's name in May 1917 before the US entered the Great War. Grand Coulee power had nought to do with it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#44 [Poll] Computing favorities

Boeing early years 1916-1930, Pacific Aero products, then Boeing, then United Aircraft and Transport
http://www.wingsoverkansas.com/history/a741/
wood to metal, 1st all-metal was Boeing B-9, 1932-1933
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/intro-wood.htm
Boeing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing
The Air Mail Act of 1934 prohibited airlines and manufacturers from being under the same corporate umbrella, so the company split into three smaller companies -- Boeing Airplane Company, United Airlines, and United Aircraft Corporation, the precursor to United Technologies

... snip ...

also from the above, I've previously mentioned this (I was at Boeing in the late 60s)
Will the last person leaving SEATTLE - Turn out the lights.

somebody from IBM mainframe group sent out similar message in the 90s, would the last person to leave POK, turn out the lights.

Grand Coulee Dam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Coulee_Dam
With the onset of World War II, power generation was given priority over irrigation.

... snip ...

Grand Coulee Dam: Leaving a Legacy
https://depts.washington.edu/depress/grand_coulee.shtml
"Without Grand Coulee and Bonneville dams it would have been almost impossible to win this war."[23] Specifically, the Grand Coulee Dam provided the electricity needed to produce aluminum, which was crucial for the airplane construction taking place at Boeing in Seattle. With no capacity to produce aluminum in 1940, the Pacific Northwest was producing 36% of the nation's aluminum output by 1946. It is estimated that one third of the aluminum used in aircraft during World War II came from the power generated by the Grand Coulee Dam.

... snip ...

2/3rds of WW2 spending went to airplanes ... half of that to the strategic bombing program.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Intel: Criminals getting better at data exfiltration

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Intel: Criminals getting better at data exfiltration
Date: 01 Sept, 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/88aniXHLhMB

Intel: Criminals getting better at data exfiltration
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2978812/security/intel-criminals-getting-better-at-data-exfiltration.html

We were tangentially involved in the cal. state data breach legislation ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Many of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed, in-depth public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft, primarily of the form of fraudulent financial transactions as the result of breaches and there was little or nothing being done about the breaches. An issue is typically an entity/institution takes security measures in self protection, In the case of the breaches, the institution wasn't at risk ... it was their customers. It was hoped that the publicity from the breach notifications would prompt breach countermeasures.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

Since then several other states have passed similar bills. Also there have been several federal bills (state preemption, none passed yet), about half equivalent to the cal. state bill, and about half worded in such a way that they would eliminate most requirements for notification.

Long ago and far away we were brought in as consultants to a small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; it is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

Somewhat as a result of having done "electronic commerce", in the mid-90s we were invited into the x9a10 financial transaction standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (not just internet).

We did end-to-end threat & vulnerability assessments of several transactions environments before coming up with a new standard. The new standard didn't do anything about breaches, but slightly tweaked the current paradigm so that crooks couldn't use information from breaches for performing fraudulent transactions.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#privacy

We have used a couple metaphors to characterize the existing paradigm
Security proportional to risk: The value of transaction information to merchants is the profit on the transactions (frequently a couple dollars). The value of the transaction information to the crooks is the account credit limit or balance. As a result, crooks can afford 100 times more attacking the system than the merchants can afford defending


Dual-use information: The transaction information is used in dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the world (requiring the information to be readily available). At the same time the transaction information can be sufficient for crooks performing fraudulent transactions (requiring it to never be available). As a result we've observed that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't prevent information leakage.

some refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
Date: 01 Sept 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/1kzfLoomLqY

Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2015/08/michael-hudsons-new-book-wall-street-parasites-have-devoured-their-hosts-your-retirement-plan-and-the-u-s-economy/
How Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts, Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/09/01/how-wall-street-parasites-have-devoured-their-hosts-your-retirement-plan-and-the-u-s-economy/

Disclaimer: Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasures.

Then loan originators were then securitizing loans&mortgages and paying for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. Being able to pay for triple-A eliminated any reason for loan originators to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality, they could sell off (all loans as fast as they could be made) to customers restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claim is it accounts for 30% loss in funds and trillions shortfall for pensions), largely enabling being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 ... including using some of the ENRON creative bookkeeping
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

If that wasn't enough, they also start packaging securitized loans/mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victim customers, and then take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans & mortgages). Largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50-60cents on the dollar, when the secretary of treasury steps in and forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at 100cents on the dollar. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was TBTF formerly headed by sec-of-treasury.

Supposedly TARP was originally appropriated for buying TBTF toxic assets, but with only $700B it was possibly never really intended to be used for that purposes; just four largest TBTF still still had $5.2T "off-book" toxic assets end of 2008
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

Federal Reserve was fighting long legal battle to prevent disclosure of what it was doing for TBTF, tens of tillions in ZIRP funds and buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (had been going for 22cents on the dollar, summer of 2008)

After FEDRES was forced to disclose what was it doing, the Fed chairman had press conference and said that he had expected the TBTF to use ZIRP funds to lend to mainstreet and when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). Note the Fed chairman was supposedly selected in part because he was depression scholar. However, the Fed had tried something similar after the crash of 29 and wall street had behaved the same way ... so there would be *NO* expectation that they would behave differently this time.

fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

An indication that wallstreet has perfected their stanglehold on washington and the regulatory agencies is that the S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with jailtime). The economic mess last decade was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis and there have *NO* criminal referrals or criminal convictions with people doing jailtime.

From the law of unintended consequences, the lack of documents force the TBTF to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate documents for foreclosures (for which they've been fined tens of billions). Proof of Ongoing Foreclosure Fraud and Mortgage Document Fabrication, in Five Emails
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/09/proof-of-ongoing-foreclosure-fraud-and-mortgage-document-fabrication-in-five-emails.html

Since the economic mess, the TBTF have been fined a total of $300B (compared to the $300B/annum they make off ZIRP funds), however it isn't just for the fraudulent lending, misrepresentation of securitized loans, robo-signing mills, etc ... it is also for illegal manipulation in hundreds of trillions of LIBOR, FOREX, and commodity markets, hundreds of billions in illegal money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, and misc. other illegal activity. The joke is that the $300B in fines compared to the large trillions is being viewed as just cost of doing illegal business.

past LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

Disclaimer #2: Jan2009 (ten yrs after being asked to work on improving integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure to securitized loans used to obfuscate fraudulent loans/mortgages), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29, resulted in criminal convictions and glass-steagall), with lots of internal HREFs and lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (reference that the new congress might be interested in actually doing something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington and the regulatory agencies).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

About the same time were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages, we had been invited into NSCC (before merger with DTC for DTCC) to look at improving integrity of trade transactions. We do some work on it and then get told it was suspended because a side-effect was greatly improved transparency and visibility ... antithesis to wallstreet culture.

Note at the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that had tried successfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. They asked him if new regulations were needed. He said that while more regulations might be needed, much more important would be transparency and visibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
Date: 02 Sept 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#65 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy

front running their customer orders by a couple milliseconds is apparently rampant ... but it is just one of the features of wallstreet

also guys pay extra to get high-speed microwave "advantage" ... and then complain when somebody puts up a faster laser The HFT "Treasure Map" - Presenting The Rigged Stock Market's Full "Latency Abritrage" In One Chart
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-16/hft-treasure-map-presenting-rigged-stock-markets-full-latency-abritrage-one-chart

other recent

HFT Cutting Through The HFT Lies: What Really Happened During The Flash Crash Of August 24, 2015
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-25/cutting-through-hft-lies-what-really-happened-during-flash-crash-august-24-2015
"Project Omega" - Why HFTs Never Lose Money: The Criminal Fraud Explained
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-13/project-omega-why-hfts-never-lose-money-criminal-fraud-explained
Head Trader Of World's 4th Largest Hedge Fund Caught In HFT Frontrunning Scandal
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-07-31/head-trader-worlds-4th-largest-hedge-fund-caught-hft-frontrunning-scandal
Gold Manipulators Busted After Zero Hedge Report On Flagrant Gold Spoofing
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-05-01/gold-manipulator-busted-after-zero-hedge-report-hft-gold-spoofing
HFT + Inept Regulators + Fed Distortion = More Flash Crashes
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-05-03/hft-inept-regulators-fed-distortion-more-flash-crashes

fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#fraud

recent posts mentioning HFT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#53 seveneves

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economics Has a Math Problem

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economics Has a Math Problem
Date: 02 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-09-01/economics-has-a-math-problem

When things were crashing, there were articles about it was all because of faulty (risk management) math ... turns out misdirection and obfuscation; risk managers were reporting that business executives were forcing them to approve deals ... and a call to make risk dept. immune from business executive pressure.

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/
Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'
http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

The next were reports of consultant hired by wallstreet that was recommending that they tie up all the prominent economists, hire them, put them on retainers, give large grants to univ. depts., etc. ... in order to bias their public views

How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.forbes.com/sites/johntharvey/2012/02/06/economics-crisis/

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards" goes into the capture of economists in more detail
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc72-74:
"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

loc957-62:
The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning "inside job" and/or "how wall street lied"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#49 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#52 Technology and the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#53 Your thoughts on the following comprehensive bailout plan please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#56 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#65 Whether, in our financial crisis, the prize for being the biggest liar is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#72 Why was Sarbanes-Oxley not good enough to sent alarms to the regulators about the situation arising today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#78 Isn't it the Federal Reserve role to oversee the banking system??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#80 Why did Sox not prevent this financal crises?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#82 Fraud in financial institution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#15 Financial Crisis - the result of uncontrolled Innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#19 What's your view of current global financial / economical situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#26 SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), is this really followed and worthful considering current Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#28 Does anyone get the idea that those responsible for containing this finanical crisis are doing too much?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#34 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#75 In light of the recent financial crisis, did Sarbanes-Oxley fail to work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#82 Greenspan testimony and securization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#83 Chip-and-pin card reader supply-chain subversion 'has netted millions from British shoppers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#8 Global Melt Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#70 Is there any technology that we are severely lacking in the Financial industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#49 Have not the following principles been practically disproven, once and for all, by the current global financial meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#50 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#58 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#64 Is This a Different Kind of Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#8 Top financial firms of US are eyeing on bailout. It implies to me that their "Risk Management Department's" assessment was way below expectations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#9 Blind-sided, again. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#29 Let IT run the company!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#55 Is this the story behind the crunchy credit stuff?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#62 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#14 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#63 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#80 Are reckless risks a natural fallout of "excessive" executive compensation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#4 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#30 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#36 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#40 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#31 OODA-loop obfuscation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#38 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#21 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#66 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#75 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#21 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#39 BofA Breach: 'A Big, Scary Story'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#51 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#52 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#4 Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#5 AIG's Bank Of America Suit Puts Trashy Paper On Display
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#67 How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#63 One maths formula and the financial crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#75 Fed Report: Mortgage Mess NOT an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#48 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#47 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#62 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#18 Fortune's Formula: The Untold Story Of The Scientific Betting System That Beat The Casinos And Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#44 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Yes, Computers Have Improved. No, Communism Hasn't

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Yes, Computers Have Improved. No, Communism Hasn't
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 03 Sep 2015 11:36:18 -0700
Yes, Computers Have Improved. No, Communism Hasn't
http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-09-02/yes-computers-have-improved-no-communism-hasn-t

What If Stalin Had Computers?
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/122568/what-if-stalin-had-computers
Is Capitalism Doomed?
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2015/09/is-capitalism-doomed.html

There have been a number of articles recently trying to differentiate between democracy and capitalism. I'm currently reading "Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy"
http://www.amazon.com/Political-Order-Decay-Industrial-Globalization-ebook/dp/B00IQOFS7M/

it also shows up in Stockman's "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" ... which has some amount about IBM & stock buybacks
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

another:

How Corporate America Invented Christian America; How one reverend's big business-backed crusade altered the political landscape.
http://www.alternet.org/belief/how-corporate-america-invented-christian-america

recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

related to inequality discussion ... and inclusive versus exclusive societies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[Poll] Computing favorities

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [Poll] Computing favorities
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 03 Sep 2015 15:41:10 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Perhaps, but I've seen Structured Programming zealots write some pretty horrendous spaghetti code without using a single GOTO. The undisciplined use of subroutine calls can be almost as bad as the undisciplined use of GOTOs - it's just that, since a subroutine call is a GOTO paired with a "come from", you're running double strands of spaghetti.

In the early 70s, I wrote PLI program to analyze 360/370 assembler listings ... trying to reconstruct flow paths and register useage and then generate high-level language psuedo code with if/then/else, and other constructs.

Used against CP67 & VM370 kernel listings ... there was some heavily optimized code that leveraged 360/370 branch conditions ... in theory have 4-way logical branch ... sequence of three branches ... and 4th condition "fall-through" .... which sometimes could turne into if/then/else psuedo-code nested 15 levels deep. The original optimized code was much more understandable than the resulting highly nested stuff.

Part of the original motivation looking for common "bug" which was little used code path sequences that failed to initialize registers for later use; used-before-set scenario (wouldn't catch case of anomalous code-path that used register for scratch, but was later needed to be initialized with some address).

some past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#36 Assembly language formatting on IBM systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#52 Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#24 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#35 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#32 transputers again was: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#1 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#15 more than 16mbyte support for 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#31 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#64 IBM System/360 DOS still going strong as Z/VSE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#48 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#57 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#65 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#49 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#30 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#43 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan
Date: 03 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook - IBM Retirees
AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan
http://seekingalpha.com/news/2761916-aig-freezes-defined-benefit-pension-plan
According to Towers Watson, just 20% of insurers and 6% of finance companies still offer traditional pensions for new hires vs. 82% and 57% 17 years ago.

... snip ..

Retirement Heist
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
For one thing, they were an enormous carrot to get people out the door. Companies knew that employees found lump sums irresistible. "Choosey Employees Choose Lump Sums!" was the title of one of Watson Wyatt's surveys.

....

Watson Wyatt (used by former president of AMEX at both RJR and IBM) precursor to Towers-Watson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Towers_Watson

Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Treasury Department Claims Paulson Never Officially Discussed AIG Bailout
http://shadowproof.com/2015/09/02/treasury-department-claims-paulson-never-officially-discussed-aig-bailout/

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasures. Then loan originators were then securitizing loans&mortgages and paying for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. Being able to pay for triple-A eliminated any reason for loan originators to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality, they could sell off (all loans as fast as they could be made) to customers restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claim is it accounts for 30% loss in funds and trillions shortfall for pensions), largely enabling being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 ... including using some of the ENRON creative bookkeeping
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

triple-A rated toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

If that wasn't enough, they also start packaging securitized loans/mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victim customers, and then take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans & mortgages). Largest holder of CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50-60cents on the dollar, when the secretary of treasury steps in and forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at 100cents on the dollar. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was TBTF formerly headed by sec-of-treasury.

Supposedly TARP was originally appropriated for buying TBTF toxic assets, but with only $700B it was possibly never really intended to be used for that purposes; just four largest TBTF still had $5.2T "off-book" toxic assets end of 2008
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Federal Reserve was fighting long legal battle to prevent disclosure of what it was doing for TBTF, tens of tillions in ZIRP funds and buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (had been going for 22cents on the dollar, summer of 2008)

After FEDRES was forced to disclose what was it doing, the Fed chairman had press conference and said that he had expected the TBTF to use ZIRP funds to lend to mainstreet and when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). Note the Fed chairman was supposedly selected in part because he was depression scholar. However, the Fed had tried something similar after the crash of 29 and wall street had behaved the same way ... so there would be *NO* expectation that they would behave differently this time. Fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

An indication that wallstreet has perfected their stanglehold on washington and the regulatory agencies is that the S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with jailtime). The economic mess last decade was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis and there have *NO* criminal referrals or criminal convictions with people doing jailtime.

From the law of unintended consequences, the lack of documents force the TBTF to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate documents for foreclosures (for which they've been fined tens of billions).

Proof of Ongoing Foreclosure Fraud and Mortgage Document Fabrication, in Five Emails
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/09/proof-of-ongoing-foreclosure-fraud-and-mortgage-document-fabrication-in-five-emails.html
Mortgage lawsuits against BofA, Citigroup and Wells Fargo resurrected
http://www.housingwire.com/articles/34966

Since the economic mess, the TBTF have been fined a total of $300B (compared to the $300B/annum they make off ZIRP funds), however it isn't just for the fraudulent lending, misrepresentation of securitized loans, robo-signing mills, etc ... it is also for illegal manipulation in hundreds of trillions of LIBOR, FOREX, and commodity markets, hundreds of billions in illegal money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, and misc. other illegal activity. The joke is that the $300B in fines compared to the large trillions is being viewed as just cost of doing illegal business.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Disclaimer #2: Jan2009 (ten yrs after being asked to work on improving integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure to securitized loans used to obfuscate fraudulent loans/mortgages), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29, resulted in criminal convictions and glass-steagall), with lots of internal HREFs and lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (reference that the new congress might be interested in actually doing something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington and the regulatory agencies). posts mentioning Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

About the same time were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages, we had been invited into NSCC (before merger with DTC for DTCC) to look at improving integrity of trade transactions. We do some work on it and then get told it was suspended because a side-effect was greatly improved transparency and visibility ... antithesis to wallstreet culture.

Note at the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). They asked him if new regulations were needed. He said that while more regulations might be needed, much more important would be transparency and visibility.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ginni Rometty, Chairman, President and CEO, IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ginni Rometty, Chairman, President and CEO, IBM
Date: 03 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook - IBM Retirees
Ginni Rometty, Chairman, President and CEO, IBM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9brTt_eLPo

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, however he opened the talk that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server trying to preserve its dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing the effect of communication group stranglehold on datacenters with data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. It had come up with a number of solutions to correct the problem, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

There was senior disk division executive attempting to bypass the corporate limitations by investing in startups that supported mainframe distributed computing and he would periodically ask us to help/visit those startups.

A few years later the corporation goes into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breakup. The board then brings in the former president of AMEX to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup. AMEX had been in competition with KKR for private-equity, reverse IPO, LBO of RJR and KKR wins.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

KKR runs into trouble with RJR and hires AMEX president away to turn it around. Then IBM hires away the former president of AMEX where he uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

He then leaves IBM and becomes head of one of the other largest private-equity companies. Note that the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L crises that they change their name to "private equity" (and "junk bonds" becomes "high-yield bonds").

Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

100 boxes of computer books on the wall

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 100 boxes of computer books on the wall
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 05 Sep 2015 09:40:25 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
At Unisys, we wrote a message passing version of unix (on top of the Chorus microkernel) for the massively parallel OPUS[*] machines (1989-1997).

64 to 128 dual processor P6 nodes (each with a SCSI controller and a NIC) using the Intel Paragon backplane running a single-system image Unix compatible operating system.

The microkernel and OS were picked up by the EU Amadeus program when ICL and Fujitsu got involved in the project along with Chorus and Unisys.

[*] Open Parallel Unisys Server


earlier Unisys was marketing rebranded Sequent NUMA-Q ... 64-way SCI boards with 4-way i486 ... up to 256 total processors.

we had participated in early SCI standards ... which were then used by Data General, Sequent, SGI, Convex, etc. We did some consulting for Chen when he was CTO at Sequent (before Sequent was bought by IBM and dissolved).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequent_Computer_Systems

SGI used MIPs chips.

Convex did two processor HP snake-chip boards (exemplar) ... and was later marketed by HP (after HP bought Convex).
http://www.openpa.net/systems/convex_spp1000_spp1200_spp1600_cd-xa.html

misc past posts mentioning SMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#12 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#56 Another light on the map going out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#57 Another light on the map going out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#68 bits, bytes, half-duplex, dual-simplex, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#30 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#45 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#0 DMV systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#38 Wanted: info on old Unisys boxen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#41 Wanted: info on old Unisys boxen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#1 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#33 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#5 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#80 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#38 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#25 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#65 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#50 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economists' Tribal Thinking

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economists' Tribal Thinking
Date: 06 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook - History & Social Science
Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/09/economists-tribal-thinking/403075/

Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-09-01/economics-has-a-math-problem

When things were crashing, there were articles about it was all because of faulty (risk management) math ... turns out misdirection and obfuscation; risk managers were reporting that business executives were forcing them to approve deals ... and a call to make risk dept. immune from business executive pressure.

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/
Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'
http://www.stockwizard.eu/triple.html?page=4

2007 reference to 2005 article explaining how their lies weren't even good math

How Conventional CDO Analytics Missed the Mark
http://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2007/Dec/20/Kamakura_Releases_Study:_How_Conventional_CDO_Analytics_Missed_the_Mark.html

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The next were reports of consultant hired by wallstreet that was recommending that they tie up all the prominent economists, hire them, put them on retainers, give large grants to univ. depts., etc. ... in order to bias their public views

How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.forbes.com/sites/johntharvey/2012/02/06/economics-crisis/

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards" goes into the capture of economists in more detail
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc72-74: "Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

loc957-62: The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.

Securitized mortgages (CDOs) had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots. In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasures. Then loan originators were securitizing loans&mortgages (CDOs) and paying for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documentation and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans. Being able to pay for triple-A eliminated any reason for loan originators to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality, they could sell off (all loans as fast as they could be made) to customers restricted to dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds, claim is it accounts for 30% loss in funds and trillions shortfall for pensions), largely enabling being able to do over $27T 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

It wasn't good math, but in addition, it was based on the underlying fabricated "triple-A" ratings

From the law of unintended consequences, the no-documentation securitized mortgages (enabled by triple-A ratings) led to the too big to fail having to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents (and resulting billions in fines for doing foreclosures with fabricated documents).

Proof of Ongoing Foreclosure Fraud and Mortgage Document Fabrication, in Five Emails
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/09/proof-of-ongoing-foreclosure-fraud-and-mortgage-document-fabrication-in-five-emails.html

If that wasn't enough, paying for triple-A ratings enabled them to create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for the triple-A rating and sell off to their customer/victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). Later the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG ... who was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by the sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face-value payoffs).

Treasury Department Claims Paulson Never Officially Discussed AIG Bailout
http://shadowproof.com/2015/09/02/treasury-department-claims-paulson-never-officially-discussed-aig-bailout/

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

past posts mentioning "how to lie with statistics":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#96 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#99 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#3 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#15 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#49 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#52 Technology and the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#56 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#72 Why was Sarbanes-Oxley not good enough to sent alarms to the regulators about the situation arising today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#78 Isn't it the Federal Reserve role to oversee the banking system??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#82 Fraud in financial institution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#15 Financial Crisis - the result of uncontrolled Innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#19 What's your view of current global financial / economical situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#26 SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), is this really followed and worthful considering current Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#28 Does anyone get the idea that those responsible for containing this finanical crisis are doing too much?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#34 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#75 In light of the recent financial crisis, did Sarbanes-Oxley fail to work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#82 Greenspan testimony and securization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#8 Global Melt Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#70 Is there any technology that we are severely lacking in the Financial industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#49 Have not the following principles been practically disproven, once and for all, by the current global financial meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#50 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#64 Is This a Different Kind of Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#55 Is this the story behind the crunchy credit stuff?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#14 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#63 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#80 Are reckless risks a natural fallout of "excessive" executive compensation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#31 OODA-loop obfuscation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#38 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#21 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#75 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#67 How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#63 One maths formula and the financial crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#48 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#26 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

100 boxes of computer books on the wall

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 100 boxes of computer books on the wall
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 08 Sep 2015 07:48:23 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
John Chen went to Pyramid from Unisys, not to Sequent. From Pyramid, John went to Sybase, and now is CEO of Blackberry.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#72 100 boxes of computer books on the wall

Steve Chen ... responsible for X-MP & Y-MP at Cray
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Chen_%28computer_engineer%29
Chen holds a M.S. from Villanova University and a PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.[2] He is best known as the principal designer of the Cray X-MP and Cray Y-MP multiprocessor supercomputers. Chen left Cray Research in 1987. With IBM's financial support, Chen founded Supercomputer Systems Incorporated in January 1988. SSI was devoted to development of the SS-1 supercomputer, which was nearly completed before the money ran out. The Eau Claire, Wisconsin-based company went bankrupt in 1993, leaving more than 300 employees jobless. An attempt to salvage the work was made by forming a new company, SuperComputer International (SCI), later that year. SCI was renamed Chen Systems in 1995. It was acquired by Sequent Computer Systems the following year.

... snip ...

One of the senior IBM VPs sponsored supercomputer group in kingston that frequently gave us lots of fits ... they were the ones that were providing Chen funding.

We were doing cluster scaleup for our HA/CMP ... working with various RDBMS vendors for commercial (did distributed cluster & lock manager that supported vax/cluster semantics ... they had common source base for open systems and vax/cluster ... so it made the port easier) ... old reference to meeting in Ellison's conference room Jan 1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

we was also working with national labs and other high-end locations on cluster scaleup for scientific and filesystems ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

the end of OCT1991, the senior VP sponsoring Kingston retired ... and they did audits of several of his projects. They then start scouring the company for technology that could be used for supercomputer. Over the period of couple weeks following the Ellison meeting, they discover our cluster scaleup, transfer it to Kingston, tell us we can't work on anything with more than four processors, and announce it as IBM's supercomputer. old press a month after ellison meeting (17Feb1992), IBM supercomputer announced for scientific and technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
more press, 11May1992, IBM taken by surpise by the national labs interest in cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

It is major motivation in deciding to leave IBM. Later two of the other people in the Jan1992 Ellison meeting had also left (oracle) and were at a small client/server startup responsible for something called the commerce server. We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the small client/server startup had also invented something called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

There was some sort of Pyramid location a block down the street from the small client/server startup in Mountain View. They were interested in doing some sort of "electronic commerce" thing (I forget all the details now) and we had several meetings with them
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid_Technology
Page 184, Computerworld, 12 Sep 1983, Pyramid Technology Corporation, a new Mountain View, California company focused on ... has recently announced its first product: the Pyramid 90x computer.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Phillipines in 2012

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Phillipines in 2012
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 09 Sep 2015 15:27:50 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Some System/370 models still were closely patterned after specific System/360 predecessors. Thus, the 370/165 and 168 were based on the 360/85 design. The 370/115 appears to resemble the 360/25.

Boeblingen lab got their hands "slapped" by corporate for the 115 & 125.

they shared 9 position memory bus for up to nine microprocessors ... in the 115 all the microprocessors were the same ... but with different microcode loads ... one with 370 microcode and others with specific i/o controller microcode loads (up to eight).

the 125 was same as 115 except the processor with the 370 microcode load was about 50% faster (than the others).

I got con'ed into doing a special 125 multiprocessor design (that never shipped) ... where up to five of the microprocessors were doing 370 microcode. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

other SMP, multiprocessor and/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

first time I visited the Boeblingen lab in the early 70s, the put me up in small german business hotel where nobody spoke english. By the 80s, there were some number of other American companies in the area and a number of American chain hotels.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

First new cache-coherence mechanism in 30 years

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: First new cache-coherence mechanism in 30 years
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Sep 2015 08:32:15 -0700
First new cache-coherence mechanism in 30 years
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-09/miot-fnc091015.php
What Yu and his thesis advisor -- Srini Devadas, the Edwin Sibley Webster Professor in MIT's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science -- realized was that the physical-time order of distributed computations doesn't really matter, so long as their logical-time order is preserved. That is, core A can keep working away on a piece of data that core B has since overwritten, provided that the rest of the system treats core A's work as having preceded core B's.

... snip ...

actually something like this was done nearly 30yrs ago with cluster DBMS operation ... specifically with recovery and merger of cluster/distributed DBMS journals.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Sep 2015 09:38:51 -0700
imugzach@GMAIL.COM (Itschak Mugzach) writes:
The term 'open' for me is the liberty to choose. To choose the hardware from many makers and to move easily from one operating system to another. See how many are moving from unix to Linux so easy. The mainframe is not dead nor the customers. They, who can choose, vote for liberty. IBM killed all alternative hardware makers and now they buy or resell software makers. In Israel most of the mainframe sites are looking their way out, telling them selves this is because COBOL, pricing, and other tails. The real truth is that IBM kills the industry by being a monopoly. The only chance I see for the industry is IBM allowing alternatives.

I had the discussion with the (disk division) executive that sponsored the "open" implementation for MVS.

His view would be that it would make it easy for customers to move applications from non-IBM platforms to MVS. My claim was industry motivation for "open" was that it would make it trivial for customers to move applications to whatever platform they wanted to ... eliminating proprietary lockins that had previously been the norm. Frequently move to the latest most cost effective platform, aka hardware platform agnostic, promoting competition and accelerating improvements. It is also seen in things like industry standard benchmarks like TPC (price/transaction, watts/transaction, etc)
http://www.tpc.org/
trivia ... former co-worker at ibm san jose research
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp

For IBM, it was sort of in the genre of SAA ... billed as application could be run anywhere ... but really met that application could be moved to the mainframe ... while human interface could be on some other platform. SAA was part of communication group desperately fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base.

The communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and the disk division was starting to see the effects with drop in disk sales (data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms). The disk division had come up with number of solutions to correct the problem ... but the ones that involved actually crossing the datacenter walls were constantly vetoed by communication group. some past posts (including references to claim that communication group was going to be responsible for demise of disk division)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

My wife had written 3-tier architecture into response to large gov. super-secure, campus environment RFI ... and then we were using 3-tier in customer executive presentations and taking all sorts of arrows in the back from the SAA forces. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

The "open" for MVS didn't actually involve anything that crossed the datacenter walls so the communication group couldn't veto it. He was also investing in companies that produced mainframe products that crossed datacenter walls (communication group could veto his developing and selling IBM distributed products that physically crossed datacenter walls, but couldn't veto him from investing in non-IBM companies).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New hard drive

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New hard drive
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 2015 15:07:21 -0700
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
YOu mean the government is now providing backup service?

except from when they aren't

somebody's reference on Facebook

Never Forget - On 09/10/01, Sec Rumsfeld announced $2.3T was missing from the pentagon operating budget. Hours later, the Pentagon Accounting Offices were Destroyed.
https://www.facebook.com/End.AIPAC/photos/a.542024679212055.1073741825.379531218794736/903420069739179/
The War On Waste
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-war-on-waste/

some comments, backups?

where were the data backups or had it be outsourced to private-equity subsidiary? aka enormous uptic last decade in outsourcing to for-profit companies and private-equity has so perfected looting for-profit gov. contractors ... they had the companies doing security clearances just filling out paperwork and not bothering to actually do any checks
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

including company that did Snowden's security clearance.
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/politics-government/congress/article24750283.html
http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2013/06/21/Heres-How-Edward-Snowden-Got-Top-Secret-Clearance

more recent instance

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

The Pentagon Lost $8.5 TRILLION of Taxpayers' Money
http://ringoffireradio.com/2015/06/the-pentagon-lost-8-5-trillion-of-taxpayer-money/

DOD isn't the only way that the military industrial complex has of sucking money .... congress also does "directed appropriation" foreign aid .... where a foreign country can only use the foreign aid for the purchase of specific american made military hardware (and of course since 9/11 ... it also has DHS) ... corporate representatives approach former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote for invasion of Iraq in the UN, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used to buy "modern" american made military equipment)
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

also
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html?pagewanted=1

HBO made a movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

son-in-law 1st tour in Iraq was foot-patrol Fallujah 2004-2005, 2nd tour was "mounted", bradley
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M2_Bradley#M2A3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradley_Fighting_Vehicle#M3_Bradley

2007-2008 (described as worse than Fallujah, but because administration said things were better didn't get much attention).
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/
they had boneyard size of three football fields full of destroyed Bradleys and Abrams M1 tanks, they were loosing so many Bradleys that they started getting mothballed Bradleys from Desert Storm (with incompatible/obsolete communication)

... and some related

Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its hundreds of billions (multiple trillions over the years); A celebration by the Marine Corps of its accounting prowess turns out to have been premature, with a discrepancy in a key audit of $800 million
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/08/03/17735/pentagon-remains-stubbornly-unable-account-its-billions

The Pentagon Is Still Terrible at Accounting for Your Tax Dollars; A celebration by the Marine Corps of its accounting prowess turns out to have been premature, with a discrepancy in a key audit of $800 million.
http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/08/03/the-pentagon-is-still-terrible-at-accounting-for-taxpayer-dollars-marine-corps-800-million-gao/

Marine Corps Can't Account for $800 Million
http://www.dodbuzz.com/2015/08/04/marine-corps-cant-account-for-800-million/

It mentions that lower level objections were run over and higher ups signed off as accurate despite objections. In theory if this was subject to Sarbanes-Oxley and sign-off on financial audits despite objections ... it would call for the people doing the sign-offs doing jail time.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act

2010 CBO report was that previous decade, DOD budget was increased by over $2T compared to baseline, $1+T for the two wars ... and $1+T that they couldn't find anything to show for.

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

above includes references to some of the events around the spreading (private-equity & for-profit) Success Of Failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

(note sometimes clicking govexec serves up a blank page and you have to repeat the click)

past posts mentioning military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Sep 2015 17:40:16 -0700
jax@WELL.COM (Jack J. Woehr) writes:
How about "if all my disparate operating systems support TCP/IP and C/C++, it's easier to accomplish the mission"?

Which is more or less what it has come down to.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

original mainframe TCP/IP product was done in vs/pascal for VM370 and communication group was sort of pushed into corner to eventually let it be released ... however with some performance issues (max 44kbyte/sec using nearly full 3090 processor). It was ported to MVS by providing simulation for the required VM370 functions.

Open systems have had epidemics of exploits and vulnerabilities attributed to C-language buffer length and addressing semantics (the mainframe vs/pascal implementation was not known to have similar problems) ... some past posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

I did the modifications to the vm370 version to support RFC1044 ... and in some tuning tests at Cray research got sustained channel throughput between 4341 and Cray using only modest amount of 4341 processor time. (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

much later the communication group hired a subcontractor to do TCP/IP implementation in vtam and after the initial demonstration they told him that everybody *knows* that a *valid* tcp/ip implementation is slower than LU6.2, and they would only be paying for a *valid* implementation.

we were also working with NSF and its supercomputer centers on interconnecting the labs ... originally we were suppose to get $20M. Then congress cut the budget and some other things happened and finally NSF releases RFP (several pieces based on what we already had running) ... but internal politics prevents us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to help and writes the corporation a letter (copying the CEO) with support from other agencies ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all bid submissions). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

as regional networks connect into the nodes, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone ... precursor to modern internet. some discussion
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Sep 2015 19:15:17 -0700
jax@WELL.COM (Jack J. Woehr) writes:
Not Found ... but I went through several of the others ... one could spend the rest of one's careers reading your posts ;)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#77 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#79 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

garlic.com changed/moved their webserver on 16apr2015 and I am still trying to work out how to update files at the new webserver (i've exchange lots of email, still haven't worked it out).

in mean time, this thread archived in google groups
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/dvpRJRmFIJA

reference here from last decade
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History/

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until mid-80s) in the late 70s & early 80s; folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

one reference (from IBMJargon):
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office for 9months to study how I communicated; took notes on face-to-face and telephone, went with me to meetings, got logs of my instant messages and copies of all incoming & outgoing email. material was used for research report, some number of papers & books and a Stanford PHD (joint between language and computer AI). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

(children's "bullying") book about former co-worker at the science center responsible for the internal network
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8
It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet
http://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
and wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

the internal network technology was also used for the corporate sponsored university network ... also larger than internet for a time (and where ibm-main originated) ... wiki reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

some past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong
Date: 11 Sept 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/bCcA3uBYbiH

Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/09/now-the-doj-admits-they-got-it-wrong.html
By issuing its new memorandum the Justice Department is tacitly admitting that its experiment in refusing to prosecute the senior bankers that led the fraud epidemics that caused our economic crisis failed. The result was the death of accountability, of justice, and of deterrence. The result was a wave of recidivism in which elite bankers continued to defraud the public after promising to cease their crimes.

... snip ...

also called "moral hazard"

OJ's Rules for Wall Street Are Nothing New
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/09/dojs-rules-for-wall-street-are-nothing-new.html
Former Financial Regulator: DOJ's Rules For Wall Street Are Nothing New
http://www.msn.com/en-us/video/news/former-financial-regulator-dojs-rules-for-wall-street-are-nothing-new/vi-AAebYsf
More on the DOJ's Prosecution Policy
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/09/more-on-the-dojs-prosecution-policy.html

as an aside, there were 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions from the S&L crisis ... the recent economic mess was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis ... implying that there should have been 210,000 criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions ... however, there have been zero/none criminal referrals or convictions

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs. in the Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting documents as a countermeasure. Then they found that they could pay for triple-A ratings from the rating agencies (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony).

Triple-A ratings trump documentation and they found they could start doing no-documentation liar loans (with no supporting documents, there was no longer an issue of supporting document integrity), pay for triple-A rating and sell off (including to large pension funds that are restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, claims it was major contribution to 30% drop in fund value and trillions in pension shortfall) ... largely responsible for being able to do over $27T between 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

From the law of unintended consequences, the no-documentation securitized mortgages (enabled by triple-A ratings) led to the too big to fail having to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents (and resulting billions in fines for doing foreclosures with fabricated documents).

If that wasn't enough, paying for triple-A ratings enabled them to create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for the triple-A rating and sell off to their customer/victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). Later the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG ... who was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by the sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face-value payoffs).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Since the economic mess, the TBTF have been fined a total of $300B (compared to the $300B/annum they make off ZIRP funds), however it isn't just for the fraudulent lending, misrepresentation of securitized loans, robo-signing mills, etc ... it is also for illegal manipulation in hundreds of trillions of LIBOR, FOREX, and commodity markets, hundreds of billions in illegal money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, and misc. other illegal activity. The joke is that the $300B in fines compared to the large trillions is being viewed as just cost of doing illegal business.

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Jan2009 (ten yrs after being asked to work on improving integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure to securitized loans used to obfuscate fraudulent loans/mortgages), I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29, resulted in criminal convictions and glass-steagall), with lots of internal HREFs and lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (reference that the new congress might be interested in actually doing something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington and the regulatory agencies).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

After FEDRES was forced to disclose tens of trillions in ZIRP funds for TBTF, the Fed chairman had press conference and said that he had expected the TBTF to use ZIRP funds to lend to mainstreet and when they didn't, he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop the tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). Note the Fed chairman was supposedly selected in part because he was depression scholar. However, the Fed had tried something similar after the crash of 29 and wall street had behaved the same way ... so there would be *NO* expectation that they would behave differently this time.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New cache coherence scales logarithmically

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New cache coherence scales logarithmically
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 12 Sep 2015 09:14:49 -0700
nmm@needham.csi.cam.ac.uk (Nick Maclaren) writes:
Nor I, but it needs a globally consistent timestamp, which is Bad News once one is operating at L2 cache speeds on a high core-count system. They also need a hack to avoid livelock on spin loops. It may be an advance (or may not), but isn't going to revolutionise memory management.

30yrs ago, something similar for software distributed/cluster systems ... like DBMS caches. can use logical
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamport_timestamps

one of the issues was DBMS recovery after failure and merging distributed journals in logically consistant order.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Sep 2015 12:40:06 -0700
tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:
In my experience, though, Windows was not generally included in what people meant by "open systems"; they meant UNIX, and if they failed to include z/OS (or OS/390) UNIX, it's because they were unaware of its existence. If they wanted to include Windows in a term meaning "not mainframes", they'd say "distributed systems". I hear very few people these days use the term "open systems" at all.

re: re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#77 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#79 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?

google archive
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/dvpRJRmFIJA

advent of single chip processors met that companies could develop hardware systems at very low cost .... but there was still enormous cost associated with developing proprietary operating systems. the thing that unleashed was these companies being able to adapt unix for their hardware at small fraction of developing proprietary operating system from scratch. Saw big explosion in companies doing minis, workstations, mini-supers, supers, etc all using commodity processor chips and portable unix.

IBM's office products group was going to use 801/RISC ROMP chip to do a displaywriter followon ... when that got canceled they decided to retarget to the Unix workstation market and got the company that had done the AT&T unix port for IBM/PC PC/IX to do one for ROMP ... released as PC/RT and AIX2. Some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Along the way saw universities doing unix work-alikes ... UCB doing BSD, UCLA doing Locus, CMU doing MACH, etc.

IBM Palo Alto Science Center was working on doing UCB BSD for 370 when they got retargeted to PC/RT ... which came out as AOS. They had also been working with UCLA Locus ... which was eventually released as AIX/370 & AIX/386 (Locus AIX having little directly to do with AT&T UNIX for PC/RT). Jobs had left Apple and was doing NeXT and using MACH as base system, when Jobs comes back to Apple, he brings MACH with him to be the basis for applie operating system.

AT&T & SUN then try and make UNIX more "proprietary" ... kicking off the UNIX wars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_wars
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation
The organization was first proposed by Armando Stettner of Digital Equipment Corporation at a by-invitation-only meeting hosted by DEC for several UNIX system vendors in January 1988 (called the "Hamilton Group", since the meeting was held at DEC's offices on Palo Alto's Hamilton Avenue).[3] It was intended as an organization for joint development, mostly in response to a perceived threat of "merged UNIX system" efforts by AT&T Corporation and Sun Microsystems.

...
The foundation's original sponsoring members were Apollo Computer, Groupe Bull, Digital Equipment Corporation, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Nixdorf Computer, and Siemens AG, sometimes called the "Gang of Seven"

... snip ...

which also gave big boost to POSIX
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POSIX

The disk division executive sponsored POSIX/Open implementation for MVS ... as part of work around communication group opposition to client/server and distributed computing ... but it was also motivated by being able to bid MVS for gov. contracts requiring POSIX compliance.

i86 processors have became dominate commodity processor chip ... drastically reducing some of the hardware portability issues ... and windows took over as dominant operating system.

rise of Linux was partially because the new computing paradigm for GRID and CLOUD computing that can have millions of processors ... and being able to evolve that new computing paradigm needed full, unrestricted source.

Big cluster supercomputers evolved into GRID ... and the big cloud megadatacenters were not too far behind (started leveraging some of the same components) ... mostly dependent on freely available Linux source (although as the paradigm matured, some cases of other systems jumping on the bandwagon).

The big cloud megadatacenters have enormously expanded on-demand computing ... there are even instances of dynamically spinning up on-demand supercomputer using credit card. Four years ago there was case of ondemand 240TIPS supercomputer created for research. Year later, there was case of dynamically created ondemand supercomputer that was three times larger, for 3hrs of cancer research (would have ranked in the top 50 supercomputers in the world).

By comparison, max configured EC12 is 101 processors rated at 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), z13 claims 30% more throughput than EC12 with 40% more processors (700MIPS/proc?). 240TIPS would be equivalent of over 3000 max configured EC12 systems ... and more recent, more like 10,000 max configured EC12 systems ... dynamically, ondemand processing created on-the-fly with just credit card (using automated processes).

It is becoming increasingly hard to extract mainframe numbers. There was statement about approx. mainframe processor sales for Fall2014 as compared to some previous years ... which worked out to equivalent 14 max. configured EC12 systems or 56 max. configured EC12 systems on annualized basis. Previously since the turn of the century, numbers seemed to have been in the range of 200-300 max. configured equivalent systems per year (under 5000 total so for this century).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New hard drive

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New hard drive
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 12 Sep 2015 12:56:24 -0700
sidd@situ.com (sidd) writes:
a search for the words "DOD" and "unauditable" shows this was the case long before 2001

sidd


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78 New hard drive

there was enormous uptic in the magnitude of the problem last decade. For instance 2010 CBO report had DOD budget increased by a little over $2T last decade (over baseline budget), a little over $1+T for the two wars and another $1+T that they couldn't find anything to show for (that is in addition to the graft & corruption in the baseline budget).

one of Boyd acolytes was graduate of the first air force academy class and on fast track to general ... when Boyd challenged him to do the right thing ... destroying his career. He wrote a book about it
http://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard/dp/B00HXY969W/
... which HBO made into movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
this review: "Corrupt From Top to Bottom"
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html?pagewanted=1
is same year Congress passes law requiring all federal agencies have to pass annual financial audits. So far DOD has never been able to pass a financial audit ... there is some speculation (fantasy?) that DOD might be able to pass a financail audit in 2017 (more than 20yrs later)

As referenced, executives signed a financial audit for the marine corp as being valid (despite lower levels claiming it wasn't) ... supposedly if subject to Sarbanes-Oxley, those signing would be doing jail time. Rhetoric in congress for Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime.

military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New cache coherence scales logarithmically

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New cache coherence scales logarithmically
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 13 Sep 2015 15:08:01 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
I know that there are problems with multiple threads that can arise in such a case, which is why the System/360 had the Test and Set instruction. But I didn't realize that those were the kinds of problems to which you were referring; I thought you were discussing issues specific to cache coherence (which would have a hard time occurring on cacheless systems).

360 test&set was for multiprocessing locking ... couldn't do atomic operations. charlie invented compare&swap (CAS taken from his initials) when he was doing fine-grain CP67 multiprocessor locking at the science center ... some science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

initial attempts to get compare&swap included in 370 were rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating system people claimed that test&set was suffucient for multiprocessing locking & serialization (have come from global kernel spin-lock). 370 architecture owners said in order to get compare&swap included in 370, there needed to be non-multiprocessor related uses, thus were born the examples for multi-threaded (multi-programming) application use (whether or not running on single processor or multi-processor). The examples still are included in current mainframe principles of operation ... relatively recent web/html version ... later ones are all PDF:
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/A.6?DT=20040504121320

The issue with test&set for lock semantics is that it obtains a lock used to bracket some code sequence followed by an unlock/clear. The application thread can be interrupted while the lock is held ... potentially resulting in deadlock (since the thread with the lock may be pre-empted/interrupted and not get control back for one reason or another).

past posts mentioning SMP and/or compare&swap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

trivia: later we work on scaleup multiprocessor cache coherency, where only compare&swap instruction guaranteed correct operation (370 was store-through cache ... but dropped cross-cache invalidation except fpr compare&swap).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 13 Sep 2015 23:01:57 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
The current debt, $18e12 would be a cube of dollar bills 783' on a side.

paygo (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue) was going to have all federal debt gone by 2010. congress let paygo expire in 2002. 2010 CBO report then had tax revenue reduced ty $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to paygo fiscal responsible baseline budget).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO

in the middle last decade, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress knew how to do middle school arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
fiscal responsible
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

no. 2 on times list responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

responsible for GLBA including provision repealing Glass-Stegall enabling too big to fail (too big to prosecute and too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.file
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

then along with his wife, prevented derivatives from being regulated ... originally characterized as gift to enron. afterwards, his wife resigns as chair of CFTC and joins ENRON board and its financial audit committee.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Treasury Department Claims Paulson Never Officially Discussed AIG Bailout
http://shadowproof.com/2015/09/02/treasury-department-claims-paulson-never-officially-discussed-aig-bailout/

Sec. of Treasury pushed through TARP supposedly to buy TBTF off-book toxic assets ... but with only $700B appropriated, it possibly never was really intended for that purpose. Just the four largest TBTF still had $5.2T in off-book toxic assets the end of 2008
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

However, the TBTF were creating securitized loans&mortgages designed to fail, paying for triple-A ratings, selling to their victims/customers, and then taking out CDS gambling bets (derivatives) that they would fail (creating enormous demands for dodgy loans/mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50-60 cents on the dollar, then the sec of treasury steps in forces AIG to sign document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at 100cents on the dollar. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of derivative face-value payoffs is TBTF formally headed by sec. of treasury.

2012 physical size of derivatives by 9 banks' $200T derivatives in $100 bills (topped by JP Morgan at $70T)
http://www.businessinsider.com/9-banks-combine-for-over-200-trillion-derivatives-exposure-2012-4

The "real" bailout of the TBTF was by Federal Reserve with ZIRP funds (as well as buying trillions in off-book toxic assets) ... claim is that TBTF have been making $300B/annum off ZIRP funds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC
Date: 17 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2015/09/calls-for-sec-chair-mary-jo-white-replacement.html

A major issue is that congress, SEC, and other regulatory agencies have been bought and paid for by wall street ... Part of the TOO BIG TO FAIL, TOO BIG TO PROSECUTE, and "TOO BIG TOO JAIL". Most of the arguments were previously brought up when she was originally nominated ... but it had to be somebody that the wall street owned congress would confirm.

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Disclaimer: Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s Senate hearings into crash of '29, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions), with lots of internal x-links and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (reference that the new congress might have appetite to do something) ... I worked on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wall street money totally burying Washington)

posts mentioning Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

posts mentioning mary jo white:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#68 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#18 Fortune's Formula: The Untold Story Of The Scientific Betting System That Beat The Casinos And Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#28 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#49 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#41 New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The most expensive PCs in computing history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The most expensive PCs in computing history
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 17 Sep 2015 07:43:59 -0700
The most expensive PCs in computing history
http://www.infoworld.com/article/2984308/computers/the-most-expensive-pcs-in-computing-history.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Obama-Bush Years Saw Employers Reduce Health Insurance Coverage

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Obama-Bush Years Saw Employers Reduce Health Insurance Coverage
Date: 17 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook - IBM Retirees
Obama-Bush Years Saw Employers Reduce Health Insurance Coverage
http://peureport.blogspot.com/2015/09/obama-bush-years-saw-employers-reduce.html

I think blame private equity ... The industry had gotten such a bad reputation during S&L crises they changed their name to private equity ... seen here with looting of RJR and then continues with IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

continues in the new century

private-equity companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
Date: 17 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
Some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr and did (MIT, virtual memory) Multics and other of the people went to the IBM science center on the 4th flr and did (virtual machine, virtual memory) cp40 (on 360/40 modified with virtual memory support) ... which morphs in cp67 (when 360/67 virtual memory becomes available).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
A lot more detail in Medlinda's history paper
http://leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/25paper.pdf

This is past post with account of decision to have virtual memory on all 370, big motivation was that MVT storage management was so bad that it needed to allocate regions that were four times larger than typically needed. With virtual memory, it was possible to get MVT 16regions on typical 370/165 with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

370 virtual memory architecture had a lot more stuff ... they were having lots of problems retrofitting virtual memory hardware to 370/165 causing announce of virtual memory to slip. finally they drop some of the virtual memory features to reduce the difficulty for 370/165 ... including shared segment protection. For software already implemented using the full 370 virtual memory features, they had to be reworked to the reduced subset (this especially caused a lot of problem for vm370/cms shared segment protection).

2314 .... 2314 bank had 9 drives but only 8 addressable ... it was possible to mount 2314 pack on the "spare" drive, spin it up, pull the address plug from existing drive and pop it in the drive with recently mounted pack.

I did extensive modifications to cp67 as undergraduate in the 60s, including dynamic adaptive resource management and "clock-like" page replacement algorithm that supported "global" page replacement. This was in a period when "local" page replacement was all the rage in academic literature. Later, I worked with Jim Gray at IBM San Jose Research (including on the original relational DBMS implementation). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

He then left IBM (including palming off some amount of stuff on me) for Tandem. When he was at Tandem, he asked if I could help one of his co-workers with their Stanford Phd which was on "clock global page replacement" .... and there was stiff opposition from the "local page replacement" forces trying to prevent awarding his Phd. I had bunch of data comparing "global" and "local" implementation on cp67 ... showing "global" was significantly better.

There was slight problem tho ... even tho the work had been done in the 60s before I joined IBM, IBM management blocked me from sending the information for almost a year. Now I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime in the mid-80s; folklore is that when they informed the corporate executive committee of online computer conferencing, 5of6 wanted to fire me) in the late 70s and early 80s ... and I hoped that IBM management figured they were punishing me (for online computer conferencing)... as opposed to they were taking (the wrong) side in an academic dispute. old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46
posts mentioning paging algorithms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

That was os/360, MVS design problem .... it has 16mbytes address space for every application ... but since os/360 had ingrained pointer passing API, called system and subsystem routines had to be in the same address space. They started by mapping image of the MVS kernel into every address space ... leaving just 8mbytes. Then because subsystems where in different address spaces ... they created the 1mbyte common segment in every address space for applications to store parameters for pointer passing API to subsystems calls (leaving only 7mbytes). However size of common segment area needs to be somewhat proportional to number of subsystems and running applications ... it quickly morphs into common system area and grows to 5-6mbytes .. leaving only 2-3mbytes for application use (out of 16mbytes). Into 3033 timeframe some customers needed CSA to exceed 8mbytes ... leaving nothing for application use.

IBM Burlington chip had multiple 3033s running specially constructed MVS dedicated to running 7mbyte Fortran chip design application. Problem was that they could no longer make enhancements. They were looking at being forced to migrate to VM370/CMS where they could get nearly full 16mbytes (minus 128Kbytes)

posts mentioning common segment/system area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#33 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#80 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#75 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#21 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#30 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#22 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#15 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#71 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#62 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#83 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#86 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#82 Do we really need 64-bit DP or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#40 OS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#46 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30
Date: 17 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
The original design was 4331 for 3090 service processor ... but was upgraded to a pair of 4361. Even 3090 MVS installations required a pair of 3370s for the 4361 service processors ... even though MVS didn't have FBA support (and still doesn't even though real CKD disks haven't been manufactured for decades, requires CKD simulation on industry standard fixed block disks).

When I was at San Jose Research, they let me wander around ... and eventually got sucked into playing disk engineer in bldg. 14&15. posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Bldg15 product test lab would frequently get early engineering models for disk testing (processor engineers getting first and second, and then san jose getting 3rd or 4th) ... so had one of the first 3033s and 4341s. Because I provided bldg 14&15 with lots of stuff ... it turns out that I had better access to the 4341 (in bldg. 15) than a lot of endicott people (had access to 4341) ... so I would sometimes be asked to do things like run 4341 benchmarks for endicott. Turns out that 4341 had better performance than 158&3031 ... and cluster of 4341s had better performance than 3033 at much smaller price, as well as smaller footprint and much less environmental requirements. At one point (to reduce competition), head of POK convinced corporate to cut allocation of critical 4341 component in half.

At one point, I got sucked into 4341 benchmark for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 machines for compute farm (sort of precursor to modern supercomputers). Some old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

3090 service processor was running highly modified version of CP SEPP REL 6 PLC29 ... some old email from the service processor group asking if I could help them with a debug tool
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

I had wanted to demonstrate the power of REX (before renamed REXX and release to customers). I decided demonstration redo IPCS (written in large amount of assembler) ... the objective was completely replace IPCS with ten times more function and ten times faster working 1/2 time over three month period. I finished early and started doing specialized library looking for specific kernel failure fingerprints. I had expected this to be released to customers ... when it wasn't I finally got permission to give presentations on how to do the implementation at user group meetings (included SHARE and BAYBUNCH). Then other similar implementations started showing up in customer shops within a few weeks. As an aside, for quite sometime it was used internally at nearly all internal datacenters as well as customer support PSRs. past posts mentioning DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

I knew the engineer that started the 3090 service processor effort with vm370/cms. The issue starts out that Field Engineering had bootstrap diagnostic process that starts with scoping components. Starting with 3081, components were in TCMs that were no longer scope'able .... so they start with service processor (that FE can scope, diagnose, replace) which then has lots of probes into TCMs that can be used to diagnose. 3081 had uc.5 for service processor with all roll-you-own software written from scratch (and 3310 FBA disk). Original design for 3090 was using vm370/cms (4331+3370) as base that would drastically simplify implementation of lots of FE diagnostics. This was later upgraded to pair of redundant 4361s.

Boeblingen got their hand slapped for 115&125. The design had 9 position memory bus for microprocessors. 115 would have a microprocessor running 370 microcode emulation and some number (up to 8) additional (same) microprocessor running control unit microcode. The 125 identical to the 115 except the microprocessor running 370 microcode emulation was 50% faster.

As an undergraduate in the 60s, one of the things I had done was reduce cp67 kernel size to run efficiently in 256kbytes of memory. Transition from cp67 to vm370 significantly bloated the kernel size and would no longer really fit in 256kbytes. Some customer got a 370/125 256kbyte machine for vm370 ... and I got called in to do some similar kernel size magic.

Later they con'ed me into doing design (with as much custom microcode as I wanted) for 370/125 that would have up to five microprocessors running 370 microcode as tightly-coupled multiprocessor (which never shipped). This was same time that Endicott con'ed me into VM370 ECPS microcode assists for 138/148. The Endicott ECPS people viewed the 125 5-way SMP as competition ... and since I was doing both, I was somewhat caught in the middle (eventually Endicott prevailed and the 5-way SMP 370/125 wasn't announced or released).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce
past posts mentioning SMP and/or compare&swap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

ECPS was 370/138 & 370/148 microcode assist and then available on 4300s. During the FS period (going to completely replace 370 and completely different), internal politics was killing off 370 efforts (I continued to work on 370 stuff and even periodically ridicule FS, which wasn't exactly career enhancing activity), the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processors market foothold. When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get stuiff back into 370 product pipeline. Endicott did 138/148 with ECPS microcode assist (in part to differentiate it from the clones). low&mid range 370s were vertical microcode, avg. of 10 native instructions for every 370 instruction. ECPS migrated parts of kernel into native instructions getting 10:1 speedup ... they had 6kbytes of microcode space available ... old post with study that I did which selected 6kbytes of 370 kernel for migration to native code:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

After FS imploded, POK also kicked off 303x and 370/xa (3081) in parallel. 303x had channel director which was 158-3 integrated channel microcode in separate box. 3031 was 158-3 engine with just 370 microcode and 2nd 158-3 engine with just integrated channel director. 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use channel director as external channels. 3033 started out being 168-3 logic remapped to some warmed over FS chips that were 20% faster. Some logic rework got it up to 50% faster. 3081 was some other reworked technology ... more detailed description
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
some past FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

3081 was suppose to be multiprocessor only machines ... however TPF (airline control program) at the time didn't have multiprocessor support. Eventually they had to come out with 3083 for TPF (they were worried that whole TPF market would move to clone processors that had come out with faster single processor boxes) ... which was 3081 with one of the processors removed.

Besides doing technical stuff for 138/148 ECPS, they also suckered me into running around the world off&on, explaining it to world trade product forecasters. Part what Endicott tried was to make 138/148 machines shipped from plant with vm370 already installed and setup sort of like later LPAR. POK had been trying to kill off VM370 and convinced corporate to not agree to make all 138&148 into native VM370 machines.

Earlier when FS imploded, POK had convinced corporate to kill off vm370 product, shutdown the vm370 development group and move all the people to POK to support MVS/XA development (claiming that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time). Endicott managed to save the vm370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. It is possible to see some VMSHARE comments from the period about code quality (i.e. TYMSHARE made their CMS-based online computer conferencing "free" to user group SHARE as VMSHARE starting in Aug1976) ... archive
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

POK had done a XA virtual machine facility that was supposed to be for internal MVS/XA development only. Later when customers weren't converting from MVS to MVS/XA, they managed to repackage it as VM/MA and VM/SA for MVS/XA migration aid (well before 3090 LPAR). An internal datacenter had also modified VM370 to provide full XA support ... and then POK/Kingston were in political battle with Endicott for which one should become VM/XA. The VM370-based XA support had significant better performance & function than the POK/Kingston migration aid ... but POK/Kingston politics managed to prevail ... including staffing large group to try and bring the migration aid up to the VM370-base function&performance.

Original mainframe TCP/IP was implemented in pascal/vs ... but had some pathlength issues .... getting only about 44kbytes/sec aggregate sustained using nearly 3090 processor. I did the enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got sustained channel speed using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The (non-enhanced) version was later ported to MVS by providing simulation for the required VM370 functions. Much later, the communication group subcontracted TCP/IP implementation in VTAM. After the initial implementation, the communication group told the contractor that everybody *knows* that a correct implementation of TCP/IP runs much slower than LU6.2 ... and the communication group would only be paying for a *correct* implementation

Note after 23Jun1969 IBM unbundling announcement ... one of the issues was SE training ... before new SEs were sort of apprentice as part of large group of IBMers onsite at customer site. After unbundling, they couldn't figure out how not to charge for these apprentice SEs. They came up with HONE ... CP67 virtual machine "Hands-On Network Environment" datacenters with remote access to branch offices. Science Center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and HONE started offering CMS\APL based online sales & marketing support applications. These CMS\APL applications came to dominate all HONE use ... with the online guest operating system "hands-on" dwindled away. HONE migrated to VM370 and in the mid-70s all the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in silicon valley (when Facebook moved into Silicon valley it was new bldg. built next door to the old HONE datacenter) ... along the way, 370 features became so complex that orders couldn't be generated w/o first being run through HONE configurators. some unbundling announce posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
some HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

One of my hobbies during this period was enhanced operating systems for internal production datacenters and HONE was long time customer. In the late 70s, the US HONE complex was enhanced to the largest single system image of loosely-coupled large 370 muiltiprocessors ... with load balancing and fall-over recovery. Then in the early 80s, this was replicated first in Dallas and then another in Boulder with load balancing and fall-over recovery across the three datacenters. This was never released to customers ... although some cluster support was made available in the standard product 30yrs later.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Leaked Seattle Audit Concludes Many Mortgage Documents Are Void

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Leaked Seattle Audit Concludes Many Mortgage Documents Are Void
Date: 18 Sept 2015
Blog: Google+
re
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/KWdk954Ns9i

Leaked Seattle Audit Concludes Many Mortgage Documents Are Void
https://theintercept.com/2015/09/18/leaked-seattle-audit-concludes-many-mortgage-documents-void
The problems stem from the Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems (MERS), an entity banks created so they could transfer mortgages privately, saving them billions of dollars in transfer fees to public recording offices. In Washington state, MERS' practices were found illegal by the State Supreme Court in 2012. But MERS continued those practices with only cosmetic changes, the audit found.

... snip ...

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs. in the Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting documents as a countermeasure. Then they found that they could pay for triple-A ratings from the rating agencies (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony).

Triple-A ratings trump documentation and they found they could start doing no-documentation liar loans (with no supporting documents, there was no longer an issue of supporting document integrity), pay for triple-A rating and sell off (including to large pension funds that are restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, claims it was major contribution to 30% drop in fund value and trillions in pension shortfall) ... largely responsible for being able to do over $27T between 2001-2008
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

past posts mentioning (triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

We had also been brought in to help wordsmith the Cal. electronic signature law. Some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

Later we were invited to standards meeting hosted at Mortgage Bankers Association bldg in DC ... I didn't realize it at the time, but it was probably somehow associated with MERS. As an aside the Mortgage Bankers Association bldg across a park from the World Bank & IMF, later CBS did news about head of Mortgage Bankers Association doing lots of press telling homeowners not to walk away from underwater mortgages juxtapositioned with Mortgage Bankers Association had walked away from the mortgage on their DC hdqtrs bldg.

past posts mentioning MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#38 The Death of MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#49 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#8 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#55 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#12 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#32 REFRPROT History Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#68 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#70 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#111 Maine Supreme Court Hands Major Defeat to MERS Mortgage Registry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#14 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#0 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#3 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#95 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 22 Sep 2015 10:57:15 -0700
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:
​They are probably referring to a z, but doing it in such a way as to totally disparage it. The fact that the z13 is the fastest microprocessor currently existed just doesn't penetrate their mind because the original ​S/360 was designed in the 1960s.

...
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012


I haven't seen the BIPS numbers for z13 yet, just reference that Z13 has about 30% more throughput than EC12 (with 40% more processors) ... which would be about 100BIPS & about 710MIPS/proc.

the claims that half the per processor improvement was introduction of features like out-of-order execution, branch prediction, etc. that have been in other chips for decades.

e5-2600v1 blade (about concurrent with z196) 400-500+ BIPS (depending on model); around which IBM had base list price of $1815 or about $3.50/BIPS. However, the large cloud megadatacenters claim that they had been doing their own system assemblies for decades (carefully choosing components for total lifetime costs) or around $1/BIPS. The commoditizing of these systems by the large cloud megadatacenters possibly accounts for IBM unloading that product line (the chip manufactures were saying that they were shipping more processor chips to the large cloud megadatacenters than they were shipping to the brand name system vendors).

By comparison z196 works out to $560,000/BIPS (w/o software) and EC12 works out to $440,000/BIPS (aka large cloud megadatacenters at $1/BIPS).

A e5-2600v3 blade is rated at 2.5 times a e5-2600v1 blade and a current e5-2600v4 blade is rated at 3.5 times a e5-2600v1 blade ... or over 1.5TIPS. A high density rack of e5-2600v4 blades may have more processing power than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 22 Sep 2015 13:48:51 -0700
00000047540adefe-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Bill Johnson) writes:

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/09/22/michigan_sues_hp_for_upgrade_failure/
Michigan failure.


remember HP had bought EDS:
http://www8.hp.com/us/en/hp-news/press-release.html?id=169924

originally founded by former IBM salesman who then created a mainframe services empire. Along the way, EDS was bought by GM to try and improve their IT position and then later spun off (before being acquired by HP)
http://www.dallasnews.com/business/headlines/20121209-eds-sees-success-after-purchase-by-gm--but-at-a-cost.ece

trivia: in 1990, GM had the C4 taskforce to look at completely remaking themself ... since they were planning on heavily leveraging IT technology, they invited representatives from technology companies to participate. They could clearly articulate what the foreign competition was doing right and the changes GM would have to make, but as the bailout this century shows they weren't able to make the necessary changes (one of the shortcomings of their operation they described was also true of the mainframe operation at the time ... so I would chide the mainframe representatives how could they expect to contribute).

more trivia: congress had passed foreign import quotas to significantly reduce competition and greatly increase domestic profits supposedly that they would use the money to completely remake themselves. However in the early 80s there was a call for 100% unearned profit tax on the US industry since they were just pocketing the profit and continued business as usual (through the 1990 C4 taskforce up through the recent bailouts and possibly beyond, "remake" their business is 35 or so years old, and it hasn't been the case that they didn't know what they needed to do).

In the mid-80s we had opportunity to talk to GM/EDS periodically. Then we were doing a presentation in Raleigh on "real" networking and happen to mention that the GM/EDS people mentioned that they were moving the company off SNA to x.25. The communication group executives immediately left the room ... and then came back and said they didn't care, GM/EDS had already spent their IBM communication budget for the year ... so it would be somebody else's problem in the future

other trivia: when Perot left GM/EDS and founded Perot Systems, he brought in the former head of POK mainframe to be CEO.

past posts mentioning C4-taskforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 22 Sep 2015 16:32:28 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#3 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy; chapter 21, state-building institutions, pg297/loc5713-14:
Reo Matsuzaki has suggested that to the extent state building has been successful, it has depended on the autonomy of agents on the ground who could make use of local knowledge to achieve developmental objectives.

pg297/loc5714-16:
He points to the relative success of Japanese administration in building institutions in Taiwan in the years that it was ruled as a colonial dependency (from the Sino-Japanese War of 1895 to Japan's defeat in 1945).

pg298/loc5723-27:
This contrasts with American overlordship of the Philippines, where local administrators (like future president William Howard Taft, civil governor there from 1901 to 1903) were constantly being overruled by politicians in Washington. Congressional leaders controlling the purse strings were eager to impose American models of government on a society they only dimly understood. Thus the American administration missed a big opportunity to redistribute Catholic church lands to poor peasants due to a Catholic lobby back home.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCP joke

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TCP joke
Date: 23 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
TCP joke

"Hi, I'd like to hear a TCP joke."
"Hello, would you like to hear a TCP joke?"
"Yes, I'd like to hear a TCP joke."
"OK, I'll tell you a TCP joke."
"Ok, I will hear a TCP joke."
"Are you read to hear a TCP joke?"
"Yes, I am ready to hear a TCP joke."
"Ok, I am about to send the TCP joke, It will last 10
seconds, it has two characters, it does not have a
setting, it ends with a punchline."
"Ok, I am ready to get your TCP joke that will last 10
seconds, has two characters, does not have an explicit
setting, and ends with a punchline."
"I'm sorry, your connection has timed out.
.. Hello, would you like to hear a TCP joke?"

... snip ...

some past internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

TCP has a minimum exchange of 7 packets (including FINWAIT handshake). In the late 80s I was on the XTP technical advisory board (the IBM communication group really hated it and tried to stop me), where we did a reliable protocol in minimum of 3 packet exchange ... as well as supporting rate-based pacing (which has significant higher throughput than slow-start) and reliable multicast. Problem was that it was almost impossible to get it adapted after TCP was already wide-spread. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

After leaving IBM, some of the former Oracle people we had worked with, were then at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and we were brought in (as consultants) because they wanted to do payment transactions on their server. The small startup had also invented this technology they called called "SSL" they wanted to use, it is now frequently called "electronic commerce"

HTTP choice of TCP for transaction protocol was initially a mess because as load increase, it resulted in tens of thousands of entries on the FINWAIT list ... and all the existing implementations did a linear search of the FINWAIT list for every arriving packet (webserver CPU went to 100% with 95+% of it running FINWAIT list).

I had actually tried to get a lightweight HTTPS that piggy-backed everything on XTP in minimum of 3packet exchange (instead of standard HTTPS which was a bunch for crypto protocol chatter on top of standard HTTP).

trivia: IBM disk division had a server project in the early 80s called Data Hub and subcontracted some amount of the software implementation to a company in provo, utah (one of the people I worked with was commuting almost weekly from san jose to provo). At some point, IBM discontinues the project and allows the provo, utah people to retain all rights to the software. Not long afterwards, a new Provo Utah company was formed (starting with the letter "N").

other trivia: while still at IBM we were working with director of NSF and the NSF supercomputer centers on interconnect. Originally we were suppose to get $20M for the implementation, but then congress cuts the budget, then some other things happen and finally NSF releases an RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevents us from bidding; the director of NSF tries to help by writing the company a letter (copying the CEO ... with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does statements that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).

As regional networks connect into the centers it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet. Some discussion:
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/
some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

and even more trivia: the original mainframe TCP/IP product was done in VS/Pascal and had some performance issues .... getting 44kbytes/sec using nearly full 3090 processor. I did the changes to support RFC1044 and in some throughput testing at Cray Research got sustained channel speed throughput between Cray and 4341 using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The base implementation was eventually ported to MVS by simulating some of the VM370 required functions. Much later, the communication group subcontracted for TCP/IP support in VTAM. After the contractor demonstrated the implementation, the communication group told him that everybody knows that a "correct" TCP/IP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2 (not much faster), and they would only be paying for a "correct" implementation.

BBN did IMPs for arpanet host-to-host protocol ... at the time of the switch-over to internetworking protocl on 1Jan1983, there was approx. 100 network IMPs and 255 connected hosts. IMPs were kept in sync (whole network shutdown for maintenance) ... also the admin protocol chatter for choosing packet routing path would periodically saturate the whole network.

Note that the internal network (not SNA) was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s ... at the time the 1Jan1983 switch-over to internetworking protocol, the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes (compared to the 100 IMPs and 255 host for the ARPANET).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

The internal network technology was also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET (which also larger than ARPANET/Internet for a time). some post posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

We had T1 and faster links running when we were originally working with NSF for interconnecting the supercomputer centers .... a major reason that the subsequent NSF RFP called for T1 links. The "winning" RFP response actually put in 440kbit links and then to sort of look like it was meeting the terms of the RFP, they put in T1 trunks with telco multiplexors that ran multiple 440kbit links over the T1 trunks (we would periodically ridicule them that might even be able to claim T5, since some of their T1 trunks could have also been multiplexed over T5 trunks). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

For the T3 upgrade RFP response, I was asked to be the red team (they apparently figured that they would shutup my ridicule of what they doing) and a couple dozen people from half dozen labs around the world were the blue team. At the final executive presentation, I presented first and then the blue team, five minutes into the blue team presentation, the executive pounded on the table and exclaimed he would lay down in front of a garbage truck before he allowed any but the blue team proposal to go forward. At that point, I get up and walk out the room (a couple other people follow)

Before joining IBM, BBN offered my (future) wife a job but she didn't want to move. Then very early in the history of SNA, she was co-author of AWP39, peer-to-peer networking ... which the SNA group somewhat viewed as competitive to their dumb terminal control architecture (since they had co-opted "networking" in their name, something that doesn't even contain a network layer, she had to differentiate AWP39 with peer-to-peer). She then worked in the gburg JES group before being con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of company loosely-coupled architecture (mainframe for cluster). While there she did peer-coupled shared data architecture .. which saw little uptake except for IMS hot-standby until sysplex & parallel sysplex. That and the frequent battles with the SNA group trying to force her into using SNA for loosely-couple ... resulted in her not remaining long in the position. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

totally other trivia ... this is reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on HA/CMP cluster scalup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

the two people later responsible for "commerce server" (and brought us in as consultants for "electronic commerce") are also at the meeting

Within a month of the meeting, scaleup portion is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for "scientific and technical *only*") and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors ... motivating us to depart the company. Some of the same executives responsible for blocking us from NSF network are also involved in this event. some old email about cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

Earlier, the communication group fighting off TCP/IP ... at the same time they were also spreading mis-information internally that the NSF network could be run over SNA/VTAM (even tho SNA/VTAM didn't have network layer and didn't even support more than 56kbits/sec). Somebody collected some of their mis-information email and forwarded it to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, however he opened the talk that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server trying to preserve its dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing the effect of communication group stranglehold on datacenters with data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to correct the problem, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

When CP67 was installed at univ. in the 60s, I got to do a lot of software enhancements, including adding tty/ascii terminal support. The existing terminal support did automatic identification between 1052 and 2741 (using terminal controler SAD command), I extended that automatic identification to TTY. Worked for direct connected lines, but I wanted to extend to dial-up with single dial-in number for single pool/hunt-group. Didn't quite work since they had taken short-cut with SAD command, while it changed the type of line scanner for each port, it turns out that they had hard-wired each port line speed. This somewhat prompted the univ. to start a clone controller project, take an Interdata/3, programmed to emulate terminal controller (reverse engineer channel interface to build channel interface board for Interdata/3) ... but supported both dynamic terminal type and dynamic line speed. This was later enhanced to an Interdata/4 for the channel interface with multiple Interdata/3s for port interfaces. Interdata would sell this box commercially and four of us get written up responsible for (some part of) the clone controller market. Later PE buys Interdata and the box continues to be sold under the PE logo. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

In 1980, I did a channel-extender for STL that was moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. The group had tried remote 3270 support and found human factors totally unacceptable. They noticed no difference with the channel-attached 3270 controllers at the remote site. Some tricks done with channel programs actually made it more efficient than attached to real channels (response at local 3270 at remote site was same, but channel busy was significantly reduced and overall system throughput increased by 10-15% because of the reduced channel busy doing 3270 i/o). Standard parallel, half-duplex channel operation has significant protocol chatter, resulting in significant latency inefficiencies as distances (and/or bandwidth) increase. When Boulder IMS FE group was moved across the highway to different building, a similar implementation was done using infrared T1 modems on the roofs of the two bldgs They were worried about weather conditions affecting the infrared modems ... but in a white-out snow storm when nobody could get into work, the bit-error-rate hardware monitors was only showing a very small increase in bit-errors. There was a problem with the infrared modems mount on poles on the top of the building, as sun heated buildings during the day, the buildings would slightly lean in different directions resulting in modems becoming misaligned. They eventually positioned poles on the bldg roofs to make them less sensitive to uneven sun heating. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The vendor tries to get IBM to allow them to release my support, but a group of engineers in POK block the approval, worried that it might make it more difficult to justify releasing some serial stuff they are working on. A decade later, they finally get their stuff released with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete.

In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they had, which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard. Much of the channel extender stuff from 1980 was included. Later some channel engineers define a heavy-weight protocol for fibre-channel, that drastically reduces the native throughput, eventually released as FICON. Most recent comparison I can find is z196 peak i/o benchmark using 104 FICONs to get 2M IOPS. At about the same time a single (native) fibre-channel was announced for E5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre-channel having higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre-channel). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

power supplies

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: power supplies
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 23 Sep 2015 11:20:27 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Whereas my city replaced the SV lights (required to ensure that spillover was a single wavelength for the Lick Observatory) with white LED lights.

They're much more directional (they light the street, not the surrounding yards and homes) and are superior in every single way to the old sodium vapor fixtures.


past posts mentioning san jose and going to low pressure sodium, instead of high pressure sodium ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#30 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#32 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#36 What do YOU call the # sign?

for lick observatory ... other posts mentioning lick observatory ... I had gotten sucked into doing some work on what was called berkeley ten meter (now called keck in hawaii) and some prototype work was being done at lick ... they were working on converting from film to CCD and then being able to do remote observing from the mainland (figuring out how much bandwidth between hawaii and mainland to do real time images)

they then did a 2nd keck 10m in hawaii ... and just recently it has been in the news again about controversy over doing 30m
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#8 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#9 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#28 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#12 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#50 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#80 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#60 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#9 Hawaii board OKs plan for giant telescope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#56 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#75 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#20 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS & GML

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS & GML
Date: 25 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
The PROFS group collected some number of internal applications (like email client and phone books) and wrapped menu interface around them. Middle-managers would then log on, and have the PROFS menu burning into the screen (their email being processed by an assistant). For the email client, the PROFS group had picked up a very early version of VMSG, and when the VMSG author offered them a much enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (PROFS group had taken credit and gotten awards for all parts of PROFS). Things quieted down after he showed that all PROFS email has his initials in non-displayed field. After that the VMSG author only distributed source to me and one other person.

disclaimer: I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime middle 80s) in late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was informed of online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. from IBMJargon:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

The "issue" was different STL departments were all demanding that STL datacenter give them preferential resourcing scheduling. I told the head of STL datacenter I would implement "GROUP" fairshare ... and he told me to never mention that again. His excuse to all the STL departments was that vm370 didn't have the facility to give different departments preferential resource scheduling. If he actually had the capability ... then the demands would increase by an order of magnitude (he could keep it to a dull roar by saying it wasn't possible).

There were regular friday after work get togethers ... and Jim would regularly show up ... and then when he left for Tandem ... he palmed off a bunch of stuff on me ... I was on business trip the week he left, when I got back, he had left a copy of "MIP Envy". Several weeks later I visited him at Tandem ... and "Tandem Memos" sort of started out with a trip report of that visit which I distributed over the network. My copy of "MIP Envy" is four days earlier than the version that is up at Gray's website that Microsoft continues to maintain. From IBMJargon
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

Trivia: At the System/R reunion:
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Jim Gray raised the issue that 370 compare&swap instruction ... used extensively by DBMS locking/serialization routines ... (and semantics implemented on other hardware platforms for DBMS use) was invented by head of Future System architecture in POK.

However, compare&swap was invented by Charlie at IBM Cambridge Science Center when he was doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking on CP67 (precursor to VM370 ... we came up with compare&swap because CAS is Charlie's initials). Trying to get POK 370 architects to add it to 370 was initially rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating system people said that test&set was sufficient. The 370 architecture owners then challenged us to come up with compare&swap uses that weren't multiprocessor specific ... thus were born the examples (including DBMS serialization) that continue to appear in principles of operation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

I had a project I called HSDT that supported T1 & faster speed links (to differentiate what communication group was doing with 56kbit & slower speed links). Corporate required all internal network links be encrypted ... it wasn't to bad getting link encryptors for 56kbit (& slower) links ... but I had all sorts of problems getting link encryptors for T1 & faster links. As an aside, in the mid-80s, the major link encryptor vendor claimed the IBM internal network had over half of all link encryptors in the world.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

However, while traffic was encrypted while it traveled over the links on the internal network ... it was in the clear at the nodes (allowing anybody with admin privileges to see it). Recently I posted URL item about FACEBOOK supporting open-pgp like encryption communication. I included references to old email I had posted that discussed a PGP-like implementation (a decade before PGP).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email810506
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email810515
FACEBOOK crypto support URL ref:
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/09/24/facebook_crypto_upped/

Lots of branch office people first became exposed to VM370/CMS with HONE.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Note after 23Jun1969 IBM unbundling announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

... one of the issues was SE training ... before, new SEs were sort of apprentice as part of large group of IBMers onsite at customer site. After unbundling, they couldn't figure out how not to charge for these apprentice SEs. They came up with HONE ... CP67 virtual machine "Hands-On Network Environment" datacenters with remote access to branch offices. Science Center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and HONE started offering CMS\APL based online sales & marketing support applications. These CMS\APL applications came to dominate all HONE use ... with the online guest operating system "hands-on" dwindled away. HONE migrated to VM370 and in the mid-70s all the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in silicon valley (when Facebook moved into Silicon valley it was new bldg. built next door to the old HONE datacenter) ... along the way, 370 features became so complex that orders couldn't be generated w/o first being run through HONE configurators

One of my hobbies during this period was enhanced operating systems for internal production datacenters and HONE was long time customer. In the late 70s, the US HONE complex was enhanced to the largest single system image of loosely-coupled large 370 muiltiprocessors ... with load balancing and fall-over recovery. Then in the early 80s, this was replicated first in Dallas and then another in Boulder with load balancing and fall-over recovery across the three datacenters. This was never released to customers ... although some cluster support was made available in the standard product 30yrs later.

Starting in the very late 70s, saw large corporations with orders for hundreds of 4341 for distribution out into departmental areas ... sort of leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami. Huge numbers of vm/4341 went out into IBM departmental areas ... the branch office typical saw them as "VMIC"

middle & upper ... and even some lower management didn't use computers. We use to sit around on friday nights trying to think up ways to attract management to using computers. Then there was short period when there was rapidly spreading rumor that top executives were doing email. This was at a time when terminals were part of fall budget and required a VP-level sign-off for terminals (even tho we had done business case showing 2yr write-off for 3270 terminal, was less than monthly business phone). In any case, there was a rash of situations were management pre-empted existing 3270 orders so they could have one on their desk. They didn't actually use it just let the VM/370 logo &/or profs menu burned into the 3270 screen (while assistants actually were employed that do online&email for them). It was pure status symbol ... and interrupted productive work for people that 3270 terminals had been justified.

GML was (also) invented at the science center (in 1969), GML chosen because G, M, & L are the first letters of the inventors last name.
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/roots.htm

(CMS) Script (document formatting) was original done in the mid-60s ... somewhat as port of runoff from CTSS. Later GML tag processing was also added to Script. Some of the CTSS people had gone to the 5th flr and did multics, other of the CTSS went to the science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machine CP40/CMS (on hardware modified 360/40 with virtual memory), which morphs into CP67/CMS (when standard 360/67 with virtual memory becomes available) ... precursor to VM370/CMS. The internal network technology was also done at the science center (also used for the corporate sponsored univ. network BITNET).

A decade later, GML morphs into ISO standard SGML, and after another decade it morphs into HTML at CERN.
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

as an aside, the 1st webserver outside Europe was on the SLAC VM370/CMS system:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
&
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PROFS & GML

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: PROFS & GML
Date: 26 Sept 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML

Internal network (from the cambridge science center) was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s .... it was also used for the corporate sponsored univ. BITNET (which for a time was also larger than arpanet/internet). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

The great arpanet/internet switch over to TCP/IP was 1Jan1983 ... at the time when it had 100 IMP network nodes and 255 attached hosts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

.... this was at a time when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes. Some of the 1983 weekly internal network node distribution ... as well as a list of all corporate locations that had one or more new network nodes during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

bullying part of forcing conformity ... a children's book and ipad app: cool to be clever (about former co-worker at the IBM science center):
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8
It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet
http://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

The internet & the internal network wasn't sna/vtam ... but in the late 80s the communication group started internal mis-information program claiming the nsfnet backbone could be run over sna/vtam and the internal network had to be converted to sna/vtam (or it would stop running). Somebody collected the internet internal mis-information email and forwarded to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

About the same time, they restricted the CJN meetings to managers only (to eliminate technical people that might disagree with the SNA/VTAM misinformation claims) ... some old references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

the above includes reference that executives were being told that PROFS was a VTAM/SNA application (not a CMS application)

other internal network trivia: the science center internal network technology had clean layered implementation that included a form of gateway ... contributed significantly to the internal network being larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. Arpanet/internet was much more like sna/vtam prior to the great cutover to internetworking and tcp/ip on 1Jan1983.

The dominante MVS based networking was from JES2 ... which grew out of some university implementation on HASP ... for a time, the JES2 source still included "TUCC" out in cols 68-71 ... which intermixed network fields with job control fields. That frequently resulted in attempt to communicate between JES2 systems at different release levels, crashing and bringing down MVS. As a result, MVS/JES2 systems tended to be regulated to boundary nodes fronted by VM370/VNET nodes that had special JES2 drivers that had code to reformat JES2 headers specific to MVS/JES2 system on the other end of a link (a large library of VM370/VNET JES2 drivers grew up to handle different format conversions for different JES2 releases as countermeasure to JES2 failures bringing down MVS). There is the infamous case of a San Jose MVS/JES2 upgrading to changed format that was crashing Hursley MVS systems. The problem was blamed on the local Hursley VM370/VNET people for not having an updated VM370/VNET JES2 driver installed that would have prevented the MVS crashes.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

Along the way they also stopped shipping the native VM370/VNET drivers and started only shipping the VM370/VNET JES2 drivers (customers, BITNET, etc). However, the internal network continued to run with the native VM370/VNET drivers because they had significantly higher throughput (at least until the cutover of the internal network to SNA/VTAM).

About the time of the misinformation campaign forcing the internal network to SNA/VTAM, BITNET converted instead to TCP/IP ... which was much less expensive, much higher throughput, and much more function.

IBM Pisa Science Center had done SPM (special message) originally for CP67 ... and POK did the port of SPM to VM370. SPM allowed applications to intercept all sort of text that would nominally be written to the terminal/screen. This was used for things like automated operator applications and by VNET for man/machine communication (including forwarding instant messages over the network). When VNET originally shipped to customers, it included full SPM support (even tho SPM never shipped in the base VM370 product).

Around 1980, the author of REXX did a multi-user 3270 space/war game .... relying on SPM for communication with the user/client application (and since SPM was supported by VNET, it was possible to have client/user players on other machines in the network. Almost immediately there were robo-client players implemented that came to dominate the game. The game implementation was then changed where energy use increased non-linearly as the interval between moves decreased below some threshold (trying to place human & robo players on level playing field).

past posts mentioning SPM:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#32 z900 and Virtual Machine Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#51 other cp/cms history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#47 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#16 intersection between autolog command and cmsback (more history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#11 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#14 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#14 more shared segment archeology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#25 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#41 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#73 Addressing Scheme with 64 vs 63 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#48 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#67 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#28 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#89 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#66 Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#64 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#7 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#27 RBS Mainframe Meltdown: A year on, the fallout is still coming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#42 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#93 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#48 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Setting the writers right

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Setting the writers right
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Sep 2015 16:06:24 -0700
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:
"... the OPM is facing a huge problem with modernizing its security measures and tactics because of one acronym: COBOL. The programming language that rose to prominence in the 1960s is rampant throughout the OPM and with the advanced persistent threats federal agencies are experiencing, it's a significant vulnerability."

-- http://fedtechmagazine.com/OPMhack


somewhat obfuscation and misdirection away from the massive uptick in outsourcing that occured last decade (even some slightly related to IBM). A big part of the uptick in outsourcing was enormous lobbying done by major private-equity firms on behalf of their acquisitions. "OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History"
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

when CEO leaves IBM, he goes on to head up major private equity firm
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1037893592918171788
that does LBO of company that employes Snowden.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

Private equity tends to do everything possible to loot the companies they acquire (the industry had gotten such a bad name during the S&L crisis, that they change their name to "private-equity"). In the case of the "subsidiaries" doing outsourced security clearance checks, they were filling out the paperwork, but not actually doing the checks they were being paid for.

AMEX had been in competition with KKR for the LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into problems with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX to turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and was being re-orged into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation of breakup; the board then hires away the former president of AMEX to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup ... using some of the same measures used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

there has been long standing revolving door between gov and beltway bandits and/or wallstreet ... example is recent CIA director resigned in disgrace including slap on the wrist for leaking classified documents ... joins KKR.
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/30/k-k-r-hires-petraeus/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970









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