List of Archived Posts

2015 Newsgroup Postings (06/26 - 08/10)

What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
US money
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back
Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
Federal Subsidies
US money
Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
The joy of simplicity?
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back
The joy of simplicity?
Moving to the Cloud
Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
Expand-down v. expand-up stack
Gov. Security
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
The joy of simplicity?
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
3705
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Miniskirts and mainframes
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
OT: A&P supermarket bankruptcy
Where are Internet Lists for Mainframe
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Limit number of frames of real storage per job
Miniskirts and mainframes
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Miniskirts and mainframes
Miniskirts and mainframes
Miniskirts and mainframes
Miniskirts and mainframes
Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Miniskirts and mainframes

What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
Date: 26 June 2015
Blog: Mainframe Experts
Is it blind faith or common sense that keeps CIOs loyal to the mainframe?
http://www.zdnet.com/article/is-it-blind-faith-or-common-sense-that-keeps-cios-loyal-to-the-mainframe-discuss/

IBM had base list price of $1815 for e5-2600v1 blade, approx. $3.5/BIPS. Big cloud megacenters have been claiming that they assemble their own blades for 1/3rd the cost of brand-name blades or around $1/BIPS (for e5-2600v1). Cloud computer system commoditization was major motivation for IBM to unload its server business. The enormous drop in computer system cost has resulted in the major cloud megacenter cost shifting to power and cooling as well as shift to power&cooling cost/BIPS (as opposed to system cost/BIPS). It has also enabled having enormous idle computer resources for on-demand computing (as long as power & cooling costs drop to near zero when idle).

A typical cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of systems (blades) operated by 80-120 people.

e5-2699v3 (22nm) blade rated at 1.3TIPS and e5-2600v4 (14nm) high-end blade should be around 1.7TIPS. A single high-density rack could approach 200TIPS in processing power, a single cloud megadatacenter will have more processor power than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Tick-Tock

z196 $560,000/BIPS (50BIPS/80procs, 625MIPS/proc), ec12 was $440,000/BIPS (75BIPS/101procs, 743MIPS/proc), I'm still waiting to see numbers for Z13 (22nm; claims 30% more processing power than ec12 using 141 processors, maybe 700MIPS/proc). IBM financials has its total mainframe business earnings over six times its mainframe system earnings (mainframe software & services earnings a major motivation keeping its mainframe business going).

In 1988, I got asked to help LLNL gov. lab standardize some serial stuff they had, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ("FCS"). Later some POK channel engineers got involved and defined a heavy duty protocol for FCS that drastically cut the native throughput, eventually released as FICON. There was peak I/O benchmark for Z196 that used 104 FICONs to achieve 2M IOPS. About the same time there was a single FCS announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS having higher native throughput than 104 FICONs, which is protocol running over 104 FCS).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

recent e5-2600 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#29 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#93 HONE Shutdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#39 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#14 Clone Controllers and Channel Extenders

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
Date: 26 June 2015
Blog: Facebook
Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/07/politics/jeb-george-w-bush-adviser/

... more complicated

The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You; Paul Wolfowitz not only championed the Iraq War -- he obsessively promoted a bizarre conspiracy theory.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/jeb-bush-adviser-paul-wolfowitz

when CIA director didn't agree with "Team B" analysis (justifying significant increases in DOD funding) ... they replaced him with somebody that would:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
they are then there for providing WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
former CIA director and then VP claims he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

"team b"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
"military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

those advisers/analysts are there for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 fabricate WMD justification. cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, they were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artillery shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... takes nearly a decade before the information is declassified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

note corporate representatives had approached former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote in UN for invasion of iraq, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

from Merchants of Doubt,
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

pg47/loc1209-14:
Team B's Claims turned out to be more than a little exaggerated. Later analyses would show that the Soviet Union had not achieved strategic superiority, they had not implemented a missile defense system beyond their single Moscow installation, and they certainly never achieved the ability to dictate U.S. policy. One anecdote perhaps tells the whole story: A few years after the Soviet Union collapsed, one of Teller's proteges toured a site that the Team B panel had believed was a Soviet beam-weapon test facility; it turned out to be a rocket engine test facility. It had nothing at all to do with beam weapons.

... snip ...

and National Insecurity
http://www.amazon.com/National-Insecurity-American-Militarism-Media-ebook/dp/B00ATLNI04/

pg248/3534-40:
The Team B experience was the first instance of institutionalized militarization of intelligence imposed on the CIA from the White House. The first instance of the CIA's internal militarization of intelligence took place in the 1980s, when President Reagan appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bill Casey, to be CIA director, and Casey appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bob Gates, to be his deputy. Casey and Gates combined to "cook the books" on a variety of issues, including the Soviet Union, Central America, and Southwest Asia, tailoring intelligence estimates to support the military policies of the Reagan administration. After he left the CIA in 1993, Gates admitted that he had become accustomed to Casey "fixing" intelligence to support policy on many issues. He did not describe his own role in support of Casey.

pg261/loc3722-24:
Cheney and Rumsfeld resorted to the same technique they had used in 1976, when they had worked for President Ford. In the 1970s, they had created Team B at the CIA in order to politicize intelligence on Soviet military power. In 2002, they politicized intelligence in order to take the country to war against Iraq.

... snip ...

Prophets of War
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

pg134/loc2273-74:
Another Team B member who was to make his mark later, under the administration of George W. Bush, was Paul Wolfowitz.

... snip ...

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff 74-75 (and supposedly organized replacement of CIA director), then when he becomes SECDEF, 75-77, he is replaced by one of his staffers, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

... snip ...

Other accounts have Iraq invasion planning starting before 9/11

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 27 Jun 2015 10:01:44 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

as an aside, abbreviated references to the "1%" has been short hand for the accelerating shift of total wealth to the top "1%" and especially the ".1%" and exacerbating inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

partially depicted by these graphs from NYTimes
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

one way to manipulate the numbers has been replacing individual compensation/revenue with family revenue ... the increasing percentage of two worker families masking that individual compensation went flat ... increasingly requiring two worker families to make ends meet.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 27 Jun 2015 14:10:35 -0700
Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/credit-card-fraud-solution-coming-to-america---finally-192611312.html

In mid-90s, I worked on chip solution in the X9 financial standard working group ... approx. the same time another effort was being worked on in Europe (which had *NONE* of the vulnerabilities that the effort in Europe has had). In the early part of the century, there was a major pilot deployment of the EU chip&pin solution in the US. However, this was during the "yes card" period ... which characterized their chip&pin solution as having worse fraud than magstripe. There is reference at the bottom on this Cartes2002 trip report (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

In the wake of the "yes card" fiasco, all evidence of the large pilot disappeared, and there was speculation it would be a long time before it was tried in the US again. Part of the issue 1) even a pilot deployment in the US is more costly than full country production deployment in other places, 2) huge concern about the cost of possibly repeated multiple failed deployments, 3) let experiments with failing deployments be done in places where the failures would have much lower financial impact

As referenced in the cartes 2002 trip report, it was trivial to clone a counterfeit "yes card" (as easy as cloning a magstripe). Part of the reference to worse fraud than magstripe was the implementation allowed a (possibly counterfeit) card to tell the terminal not to check for valid account. With counterfeit magstripe, it is possible to deactivate an account number and that shutdowns further fraudulent transactions. With counterfeit "yes card" chipcard telling the point-of-sale terminal to not check for valid account number ... there is no way to stop it making fraudulent transactions. "yes card" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

Long ago and far away, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce" some semi-related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcerts

Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce", in the mid-90s we were invited to participate in the X9A10 financial standard working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (not just internet, *ALL*). We did end-to-end threat and vulnerability studies before coming up with solution (for *ALL* retail payments). In comparison, the card associations have done a number of adhoc solutions that have frequently had a number of shortcomings and repeated vulnerabilities. references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

The problem with the X9A10 solution is that it drastically reduced the cost, fraud, infrastructure, barriers-to-entry, etc for doing payment transaction ... there are significant stakeholders in the existing infrastructure interested in preserving the status quo. An analogy is this description about IBM executives shutting down the advanced computing effort in the late 60s because it would advance the state of the art too fast and they were afraid of loosing control of the business
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

From Amdahl interview:
IBM management decided not to do it, for it would advance the computing capability too fast for the company to control the growth of the computer marketplace, thus reducing their profit potential. I then recommended that the ACS lab be closed, and it was.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
Date: 27 June 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser

my nomination is head of the SEC ... also on Time's list of those responsible
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877323,00.html

The administration is responsible for the selection of the head of the regulatory agencies as well as DOD, Treasury, and other agencies.

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in the Dallas/Ft. Worth area that turned out to be empty lots) ... however, they had limited market and not much uptake. In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized loans as countermeasure.

Then they found that they could pay for triple-A ratings from the rating agencies (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A ratings trump documentation and they found they could start doing no-documentation liar loans (with no supporting documents, there was no longer an issue of supporting document integrity), pay for triple-A rating and sell off (including to large pension funds that are restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, claims it was major contribution to 30% drop in fund value and trillions in pension shortfall) ... largely responsible for being able to do over $27T between 2001-2008 (by comparison almost nothing during the S&L crisis, major factor that economic mess last decade being 70times larger than the S&L crisis).
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

From the law of unintended consequences, the no-documentation securitized mortgages (enabled by triple-A ratings) led to the too big to fail having to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents (and resulting billions in fines for doing foreclosures with fabricated documents).

If that wasn't enough, paying for triple-A ratings enabled them to create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for the triple-A rating and sell off to their customer/victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). Later the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG ... who was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by the sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face-value payoffs).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Now the rhetoric in congress regarding Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime ... however it required that the SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't think that SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showing increase after Sarbanes-Oxley goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that Sarbanes-Oxley also required that SEC do something about the rating agencies ... and SEC's record with the rating agencies isn't any better than with fraudulent financial reporting. Of course the head of the SEC had a lot of help from the head of the federal reserve as well as the secretary of the treasury.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Other trivia ... the Madoff congressional hearings had the person that tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were finally forced when Madoff turned himself in).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

disclaimer: Jan2009 I was asked to HTMLize the Pecora hearings (had been scanned the fall of 2008 at the Boston Public Library, 30s senate hearings into the crash of '29) .... with lots of internal HREFs and lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying washington DC).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
Date: 27 June 2015
Blog: Mainframe Experts
Long ago and far away we were brought into small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; they had also invented this technology called "SSL"; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce"

Originally most of the e-commerce webservers were flat-file based ... but there were an increasing number that were RDBMS based. One of the increasing problems resulting in successful exploits was that RDBMS-based server maintenance was a lot more complex and tended to overrun the maintenance window ... then there would be a mad rush to get the webserver backup and operation. In the rush to make the webserver available, some of the attack countermeasures would be overlooked which attackers were then able to exploit

disclaimer: long ago and far away, my wife got con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture ... while there she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. However, she didn't remain long ... partially because of ongoing skirmishes with the communication group trying to force her into using sna/vtam for loosely-coupled operation and partially because of little uptake, except for IMS hot-standby (until sysplex).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

our last product at IBM wa HA/CMP ... we were doing both high-availability as well as cluster scaleup. Out marketing, I coined the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability (to differentiate from disaster/recovery) ref. to jan1992 scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

the mainframe DB2 group was complaining that if I was allowed to go ahead, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of them. Then within a couple weeks of the Ellison meeting, the scaleup part was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for scientific and technical *ONLY* and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... motivation for us to take the early-out and leave. some old email from that period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

Later two of the other people in that Ellison meeting, show up at small client/server startup responsible for something called the "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payments on the server. I have absolute authority on something called the "payment gateway" (sits on the internet and handles transactions between webservers and the payment networks, not known to have had any exploits) but could only make recommendations on the client/server, browser/webserver part. Almost immediately various of the recommendations are violated accounting for some number of exploits that continue to this day.

Much earlier, Jim Gray left IBM Research for Tandem ... and plams off a number of things on me ... including consulting with the IMS group as well as work with original relational/SQL implementation System/R. Later at Tandem, Jim does a study of what fails and affects availability ... found that hardware had increasingly gotten more reliable and outages are increasingly caused by software, human errors, and environmental issues (power outages, floods, earthquakes, etc). Some summary from that study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf
some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

storage management trivia: In the late 70s, I had done the original cmsback for internal datacenters. It goes through some internal releases and then is picked up and PC and workstation clients added and released as workstation datasave. Then the disk division picks it up and renames it ADSM (adstar storage manager). With the demise of the disk division, it is transferred and renamed TSM. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

Between leaving IBM and doing the consulting that turned into electronic commerce ... we were brought in to the largest airline reservation system to look at the ten impossible things that they couldn't do. They gave me a copy of the full OAG tape (all scheduled commercial flts in the world) to start with on ROUTES (find flt(s) from origin to destination). Two months later I came back with implementation that did all ten impossible things and could handle all traffic for all airlines in the world on ten rs/6000 990s. Then the hand wringing started and after six months they finally said they hadn't actually wanted me to do it, they just wanted to be able to tell the board of the parent company that I was working on it. It turned out that their ACP/TPF mainframe implementation was a 60s design based technology tradeoff and required something like 800 people providing support ... all that manual work accounted for some amount of the impossible things. Starting from scratch and doing a 90s technology trade-off eliminated all those manual operations. A little over a decade later, cellphones had the processing power of those ten rs/6000 990s

Linux saw upswing with hobbiest ... but also in the large GRID computing centers and then cloud megadatacenters ... where a lot of invention and software changes were necessary (requiring freely available source). It harks back to the early 360 days were lots of invention and software occurred at datacenters ... when source was available and it was from the datacenters that came lots of the mainframe products that continue to exist today ... HASP/JES2, ASP/JES3, IMS, CICS, etc.

GRID computer centers started the assembly of their own blades ... which continued with the large cloud megadatacenters ... that have been claiming for more than a decade that they assemble their own blades for 1/3rd the cost of band name blades (the related commodization of computing being a motivation for IBM to sell off its server business). IBM had a base list price of $1815 for e5-2600V1 blade or about $3.50/BIPS ... cloud megadatacenters were then doing it for almost $1/BIPS. A e5-2600v3 blade is rated at about 2.5 times the processing power of e5-2600v1 blade for about the same price and a e5-2600v4 blade will be closer to 3.5 times the processing power of e5-2600v1. By comparison z196 mainframe was $560,000/BIPS and ec12 was $440,000/BIPS (and source not freely available)

Some claims that server processor manufacturers now ship more server processor chips to large cloud megadatacenters than to brand name server makers. A high-density rack of e5-2600v4 blades will now have upwards of 200TIPs in processing power ... and a cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of systems/blades (more processing power than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today).

This has been an enormous, emerging dataprocessing paradigm ... originally nearly all LINUX based. The drastic drop in system costs has resulted in major cloud megadatacenter cost shifting to power&cooling ... and they become more focused on power&cooling system cost than the cost of systems. The enormous drop in system costs also allows for enormous number of idle systems available for "on-demand" computing (as long as power/cooling cost drops to zero while systems are idle). A cloud megadatacenter with hundreds of thousands of systems is run by between 80-120 people. With the establishment of enormous clusters of processors as the major computing market (originally almost all LINUX based) ... some of the other software systems are adding features to move into the market.

recent posts mentioning (cloud) megadatacenters:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jun 2015 09:36:20 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Here in Canada we've had chip-and-PIN for years; it seems so quaint to go to the States and watch the clock roll back when doing credit card transactions. I love the way that article tries to justify the U.S. dragging their heels on this, with their talk about Europe not having access to real-time data communication. On our trip to Scotland last summer, the same chip-and-PIN card we use at home worked for purchases and ATMs even in small villages.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

the large (failed) pilot in the early part of the century was just part of the issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

I've periodically mentioned that in conjunction with major effort in the UK deployment was effectively reversing the burden of proof in dispute ... increase cost to the merchant for new terminals and infrastructure was offset by reduced cost of disputes (which also saw big reduction in costs to the financial institutions).

In the US that would have required undoing "Reg-E" ... which assumes that the institution has the burden of proof in dispute ... to prove the the person did it ... as opposed that to the person having to prove that they didn't do it.

During chip&pin deployment in the UK, I was contracted by a legal representative of one such person in dispute with their financial institution. There was dispute about withdrawal at ATM machine ... the person claimed he didn't do it. With the reverse in dispute, the person had to prove they didn't do it ... say producing the ATM surveillance video showing it was done by somebody else (the bank wasn't required to produce the ATM surveilance video showing that they had done it).

past posts mentioning "burden of proof":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#nonreput Sender and receiver non-repudiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#terror7 [FYI] Did Encryption Empower These Terrorists?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#72 Invisible Ink, E-signatures slow to broadly catch on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#59 dual-use digital signature vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#0 dual-use digital signature vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#55 MD5 collision in X509 certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#33 Digital signatures have a big problem with meaning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#0 the limits of crypto and authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#35 [Clips] Banks Seek Better Online-Security Tools
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#14 Shifting the Burden - legal tactics from the contracts world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#33 Chip-and-Pin terminals were replaced by "repairworkers"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#60 crypto component services - is there a market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#63 Public key encrypt-then-sign or sign-then-encrypt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#38 The Trouble with Threat Modelling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#57 RealNames hacked. Firewall issues.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#34 does CA need the proof of acceptance of key binding ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#59 PKI/Digital signature doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#62 PKI/Digital signature doesn't work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#69 Digital signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#17 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#41 xml-security vs. native security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#6 Creating certs for others (without their private keys)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#11 Question about authentication protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#26 How good is TEA, REALLY?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#42 Catch22. If you cannot legally be forced to sign a document etc - Tax Declaration etc etc etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#32 When *not* to sign an e-mail message?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#8 Beginner's Pubkey Crypto Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#28 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#23 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#67 open source voting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#62 Solving password problems one at a time, Re: The password-reset paradox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#52 Credit cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#71 Sophisticated cybercrooks cracking bank security efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#72 Why don't people use certificate-based access authentication?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#1 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#3 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#21 Credit card data security: Who's responsible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#24 Cambridge researchers show Chip and PIN system vulnerable to fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#47 Industry groups leap to Chip and PIN's defence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#63 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#7 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#82 Five Theses on Security Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#23 A mighty fortress is our PKI, Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#77 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#60 A Two Way Non-repudiation Contract Exchange Scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#62 Gordon Gekko Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#35 The Conceptual ATM program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#8 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#38 regulation,bridges,streams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#52 U.S. agents 'got lucky' pursuing accused Russia master hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#90 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#17 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#20 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#58 US a laggard in adopting more secure credit cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#60 Target Offers Free Credit Monitoring Following Security Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#69 Why is the US a decade behind Europe on 'chip and pin' cards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#67 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#43 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#39 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#65 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jun 2015 11:18:04 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Here in Canada we've had chip-and-PIN for years; it seems so quaint to go to the States and watch the clock roll back when doing credit card transactions. I love the way that article tries to justify the U.S. dragging their heels on this, with their talk about Europe not having access to real-time data communication. On our trip to Scotland last summer, the same chip-and-PIN card we use at home worked for purchases and ATMs even in small villages.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

note that issue with european telecom availability and/or cost was from the late 80s and early 90s. By the start of the century that was starting to significantly change (but a lot of the designs still were based on the earlier constraints). Something seems funny in Google this morning, just doing web search on "european telecom constraints 1980s", the first page are all books.google.com.

the original chip&pin specification work in Europe was somewhat card associations reacting to competition with the upswing in "stored-value" chip systems ... being able to do operations purely offline between two chips (transfer from one chip to another) with no telecom requirements ... systems like DigiCash & Mondex.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DigiCash
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mondex

the first UK chip&pin deployment in the 90s was by IBM in conjunction with Safeway almost 20yrs ago, past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#16 Fraudwatch - Chip&PIN one-sided story, banks and deception and liability shifts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#33 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#64 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#26 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#84 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#3 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#7 XML-based formats vs. ISO8583
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#65 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud

then there was the "yes card" period around the first part of century and then pull back in most markets.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

Then "burden of proof" (re)deployment in UK was around decade ago.

Another issue that appeared the first part of the century was with the "safe debit" internet payment products. A couple "safe debit" internet payment products were pitched to major internet merchants (accounting for possibly 70% of transactions) that saw high acceptance. Merchants had been indoctrinated for decades that the interchange fee they paid for electronic payment transactions was heavily prorated based on fraud rates ... with internet transactions having the highest surcharge. The internet merchants was expecting something like order of magnitude reduction in the fees paid with "safe debit". Then came the cognitive dissonance, instead of being told they would have an order of magnitude reduction ... they were told that they would have to pay a surcharge on top of the highest fee they were already paying ... and the whole thing falls apart. The issue was that the fraud surcharge was heavily inflated with profit component for financial institutions. These payment fees accounted for 40-60% of US bank bottom line (compared to less than 10% for European institution) and order of magnitude reduction would represent big hit to US bank bottom line. Since then the card associations have tried to shift the interchange fee profit component from being fraud surcharge related to being "cash back" programs (so major fraud reduction wouldn't see a corresponding reduction in bank bottom line). It also explains why it was much easier for EU banks to introduce fraud reduction technology.

Other archaeological tidbits. In the 90s, Mondex was looking at expanding worldwide ... including into the US market. I was asked to design, size, cost, etc ... backend dataprocessing system for handling Mondex card loading & unloading for all of US market. However, during that effort, I also looked at the business process numbers and came up with the major financial motivation for Mondex was that the top-level organization got all the float on the stored-value. A little later, EU central banks decreed that the stored-value chipcard systems could keep the float for deployment grace period ... but would then have to start paying interest on value in the chipcards. After that started to see the demise of these systems.

Other trivia: as DigiCash was imploding, I was brought in to value their patent portfolio as part of the liquidation. It turns out that a lot of their patents had to do with mimizing chip memory store operations. Digicash evolved in a period when EEPROM memory had lifetime 10k-30k stores ... and reducing EEPROM store operations as close as possible to one per transaction ... significantly increased chipcard lifetime.

Also, the same time that Europe was seeing the offline stored-value chipcard deployments in the 90s, a magstripe based online stored-value infrastructure was developed in the US ... originally by First Financial ... relying on the ubiquitous and inexpensive point-of-sale infrastructure ... they basically added a backend stored-value system connected into the standard payment network ... and all the stored-value card account number prefixes would route to their system. This was the start of all the merchant and gift magstripe stored-value cards seen today (lots of different branded magstripe merchant/gift cards seen at grocery store checkouts). Pure aside, their original backend no-single-point-of-failure, high availability (not ha/cmp) system. However, in the middle of their first pilot they had glitch and lost the account balance database and had to refresh all the accounts with essentially maximum balance. I was brought in for the after action review and to try and make sure it never happened again.

past references mentioning ("safe debit") interchange fee and bank bottom line.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#81 not crypto, but fraud detection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#44 Proposal for a new PKI model (At least I hope it's new)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#23 Is the solution FBA was Re: FW: Looking for Disk Calc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#59 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#68 Poll: oldest computer thing you still use
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#11 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#74 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#7 Payments start-up Noca takes aim at interchange Achilles heel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#37 The 20th Century of Central Banking is over
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#62 Solving password problems one at a time, Re: The password-reset paradox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#52 Credit cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#39 Network Rivalry Sparks 10-Year Quadrupling of PIN-Debit Pricing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#62 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#6 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#55 The 10 Highest-Paid CEOs Who Laid Off The Most Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#36 Cookies Are Dead in the Fight Against Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#52 Payment Card Industry Pursues Profits Over Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#68 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#37 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#39 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#68 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#1 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#69 Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#73 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#80 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#48 Mainframe on NCIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#44 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#65 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jun 2015 18:39:33 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
As referenced in the cartes 2002 trip report, it was trivial to clone a counterfeit "yes card" (as easy as cloning a magstripe). Part of the reference to worse fraud than magstripe was the implementation allowed a (possibly counterfeit) card to tell the terminal not to check for valid account. With counterfeit magstripe, it is possible to deactivate an account number and that shutdowns further fraudulent transactions. With counterfeit "yes card" chipcard telling the point-of-sale terminal to not check for valid account number ... there is no way to stop it making fraudulent transactions. "yes card" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Part of chip&pin problems was choice of very expensive. very slow, very power hungry chip along with very heavy duty cryptography. It resulted in deployments that used static information authentication and crypto exchanges that even with power fed with physical contacts still took seconds.

For the "yes card", it turned out that the same exact compromises that were used to skim transaction information to make counterfeit magstripe would also skim chip&pin information for making counterfeit "yes card". In support of doing offline transactions, once a point-of-sale terminal performed simple check that it was dealing with valid card (which was trivial for counterfeit "yes card" replaying previously skimmed information), it would ask a chip&pin 3 questions 1) was the correct pin entered, 2) should the transaction be performed offline and 3) is the transaction within the account credit limit. A counterfeit "yes card" would always answer "YES" to all three questions (it was not even necessary to have skimmed the valid PIN, since a "yes card" would always say "yes" to whatever was entered).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

The challenge that I had was to be couple orders magnitude less expensive than chip&pin chip, significantly more secure chip, significantly faster and more secure crypto, and require much less power and be immune to things like skimming attacks. The transit industry asked for additional constraint that it perform within ISO 14443 proximity/contactless power constraint and within the transit turnstyle timing constraint of less than 1/10th second elapsed time ... while still being more secure than chip&pin.

One of the jokes told at a transit meeting about response they got for transit operation ... was to have a long "tunnel" in front of transit turnstyles and card sleave to convert between contact and contactless. People would be required to walk very slowly through the tunnel while the transaction was being performed ... prior to getting to the transit turnstyle.

It was demo'ed at the world-wide, annual retail banking show Dec. 1999 held in South Beach. some refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads
post with press release at show.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224

trivia: press release includes reference to cybersafe ... which was originally formed to commercialize MIT Project Athena Kerberos ... and at the time of the show, they also had contract with m'soft doing their kerberos implementation (active directory).

past posts mentioning iso 14443:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#21 Smartcard in CD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#15 A challenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#18 A challenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm15.htm#6 x9.59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#7 EMV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#40 FraudWatch - Chip&Pin, a new tenner (USD10)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#56 UK Detects Chip-And-PIN Security Flaw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#16 Dutch Transport Card Broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#44 Realistic dynamics of contactless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#77 Reading wireless (vicinity) smart cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#76 time again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#77 time again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#39 Convenient and secure eCommerce using POWF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#66 Modular Exponentiations on Battery-run devices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#8 14443 protocol information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#64 Can you use ECC to produce digital signatures? It doesn't see
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#25 Are there any authentication algorithms with runtime changeable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#63 Dumbest optimization ever?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#8 Digital Signature Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#30 ECC Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#4 Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#10 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#1 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#19 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#11 Why not 2048 or 4096 bit RSA key issuance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#34 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#76 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#3 Govt demands password to personal computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#56 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#61 Osama bin Laden gets a cosmetic makevover in his British Vanity Passport
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#67 A mighty fortress is our PKI, Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#57 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#11 Credit cards with a proximity wifi chip can be as safe as walking around with your credit card number on a poster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#24 The first personal computer (PC)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 2015 09:50:11 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
Biometrics are *completely*useless* as an identification vehicle. They are all sufficiently fuzzy that the fuzzyness will overwhelm the selection of any one subject when the total population goes up. More samples do not help.

However, the can be excellent for *verification*, once you claim to be you (via some other channel, ie. an account name, a pin, a ppn etc.) you can call up a template where it really helps to have more samples.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#8 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

i've periodically had this discussion about confusing identification and authentication ... even recently accusing a former director of certain gov. agency of their purposefully perpetuating the confusion ... he and his former assistant director were on panel discussion ... and his former assitant director quiped back what about non-repudiation (side-track the discussion) ... aka from security PAIN/CAIN mnemonic
Privacy/Confidential
Authentication
Identification
Non-repudiation


some past identification/authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay7.htm#3dsecure 3D Secure Vulnerabilities? Photo ID's and Payment Infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#72 Account Numbers. Was: Confusing Authentication and Identiification? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#73 Account Numbers. Was: Confusing Authentication and Identiification? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#17 continuity of identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#35 [Clips] Banks Seek Better Online-Security Tools
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#23 Identity resurges as a debate topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#47 The Tao Of Backup: End of postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#64 More on garbage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#19 Identity and Access Management (IAM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#46 Windows Monitor or CUSP?

PAIN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#53 Authentication white paper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#cfppki15 CFP: PKI research workshop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#cfppki17 CFP: PKI research workshop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#cfppki18 CFP: PKI research workshop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#paiin PAIIN security glossary & taxonomy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#11 Meaning of Non-repudiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#12 Meaning of Non-repudiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#39 An attack on paypal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#11 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#13 The PAIN mnemonic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#14 Non-repudiation (was RE: The PAIN mnemonic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#17 Non-repudiation (was RE: The PAIN mnemonic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#18 Non-repudiation (was RE: The PAIN mnemonic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#23 Non-repudiation (was RE: The PAIN mnemonic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#3 Non-repudiation (was RE: The PAIN mnemonic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#5 Non-repudiation (was RE: The PAIN mnemonic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#28 Definitions of "Security"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#47 the limits of crypto and authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#28 solving the wrong problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#18 'Virtual Card' Offers Online Security Blanket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#5 long-term GPG signing key
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#45 Court rules email addresses are not signatures, and signs death warrant for Digital Signatures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#33 Mozilla moves on security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#38 How the Classical Scholars dropped security from the canon of Computer Science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#8 What is the point of encrypting information that is publicly visible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#17 Changing the Mantra -- RFC 4732 on rethinking DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#27 man in the middle, SSL ... addenda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#63 Public key encrypt-then-sign or sign-then-encrypt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#15 307 digit number factored
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#37 unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#47 The Tao Of Backup: End of postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#22 securID weakness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#29 Biometric cards will not stop identity fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#11 Order of Encryption and Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#51 Security via hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#64 More on garbage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#26 More on garbage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#55 Encryption Everywhere? (Was: Re: Ho boy! Another big one!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#29 Importing CA certificate to smartcard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#35 More Phishing scams, still no SSL being used
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#36 More Phishing scams, still no SSL being used
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#42 public key authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#53 Barcode Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#13 IPSEC with non-domain Server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#27 whats the difference between Encryption and Encoding ? or both are same ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#3 ABN Tape - Found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#35 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#26 Caller ID "spoofing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#44 Does the Data Protection Act of 2005 Make Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#15 OpenSSL Hacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#40 Encryption and authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#49 Patent buster for a method that increases password security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#25 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#20 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#33 security engineering versus information security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#35 security engineering versus information security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#35 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#34 Mixed Case Password on z/OS 1.7 and ACF 2 Version 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#31 Is that secure : <form action="https" from a local HTML page ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#58 T.J. Maxx data theft worse than first reported
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#65 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#74 public key password authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#53 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#63 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#55 Is data classification the right approach to pursue a risk based information security program?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#83 Certificate Purpose
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#6 SECURITY and BUSINESS CONTINUITY ..... Where they fit in?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#29 is privacy a security attribute(component or ?). If yes, why? If no why not?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#92 Why do most websites use HTTPS only while logging you in...and not for the entire session?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#7 GSM eavesdropping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#9 NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David Miranda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#13 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#49 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 2015 19:34:06 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Unfortunately, bills that no one completely read beforehand have become the norm. The "Patriot" Act, every omnibus budget, the ACA, trade agreements, etc. Part of that is due to the length (it is not reasonable to expect that a 2700 page bill such as the ACA will contain no typos or drafting errors, especially when changes are apparently introduced right up until the final vote). Part of that is due to parties who want to hide stuff (which may or may not be related to the topic of the bill) in the crevices.

I don't have a solution, though, especially since the very people who use these bugs/features for their own ends are the ones who would have to accept the changes. I'd restrict bills to no more than 10 pages written in language that is no more complex than high school English, but that would make lawyer's and politician's heads explode.


even when they have read the bill, there are other tricks.

the first major bill after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 was medicare part-d. cbs 60 mins did program on the 18 republican members and staffers responsible for getting the bill passed. the added one line sentence just before final vote that prevented competitive bidding and prevented distribution of CBO report analysing the effect of the change. they showed identical drugs from the VA that allows competitive bidding that were 1/3rd the price under medicate part-d. shortly after the bill passes, all 18 have resigned and are on drug industry payrolls ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

US comptroller general would make the observation that medicare part-d was enormous gift to the drug industry and will come to represent long-term $40T mandate, totally swamping all other budget items.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

as aside, in 2010, CBO did manage to release report on the effect of allowing fiscal responsibility act (required spending not exceed tax revenue) to expire in 2002; tax revenue was decreased by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to fiscal responsiblity baseline budget). 2005 or so, comptroller general started including in speeches that there was nobody in congress capable of middle school arithmetic (for how they were savaging the budget).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

recent references to economists claiming congress is most corrupt institution on earth, in large part for selling (renting?) tax loopholes ... and independent of other issues with "flat tax" ... it would be beneficial just for elimination of tax loopholes.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jun 2015 09:22:17 -0700
simon@twoplaces.co.uk (Simon Turner) writes:
If I've misconstrued your position on the relative merits of magstripes and signatures vs. chip and PIN (the only card solutions likely to be on offer for quite some time), please accept my apologies; but you come across as someone convinced that chip and PIN is an unminitgated disaster, even worse than the outdated system still used in the USA, and that the rest of the world is wrong when they claim it's better. 8-/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#8 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#9 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

my point has been that the card associations have long history of trying to preserve their relavence and the status quo. big part of card associations rise was as value-added-networks (along with many others in the 70s & 80s) ... providing interconnect between merchant processors and issuer processors (at a time when there were tens of thousands of such entities).

with the rise of the internet, the value-added-networks became obsolete ... mostly disappearing ... the card associations is possibly the last remaining vestige ... and constantly trying to preserve the status quo and their vested interests. this has directly or indirectly contributed significantly to most of the glitches over the last 20-30 yrs.

in the US, consolidation and outsourcing had resulted in six directly connected datacenters handling 90% all transactions by the start of the century. There were some huge legal battles trying to claim that all such transactions were "on-us" and not subject to card association interchange fees ... since none of the card association processing was invovled. There was also large retail merchant legal action about card association forcing default point-of-sale operation to be signature-debit because of the much higher fraud and profit for the association ... rather than PIN-debit with much lower fraud and also significantly lower interchange fee/profit.

Along the way card associations introduced (magstripe) debit cards with association "bug" (on the card) that could be used at point-of-sale (as signature debit).

Originally all magstripe cards just had straight information encoded, however attackers could generate counterfeit magstripe card from knowing the account number. card associations invented "secure hash" added to the magstripe ... basically all BINs (account number routing prefix) got a secret key. A secure hash was generated from a combination of the secret key and account number and appended to the magstripe. Now attackers had to actually skim static information from a valid magstripe in order to generate a counterfeit card (which was also true of original generations of chip&pin).

However, debit cards never evolved such mechanisms for simple account number magstripe ... since they already had a PIN which prevented such a counterfeit card being used for fraudulent transactions. It wasn't until the card associations created "signature-debit" ... that it became a problem. Then the card associations had bunch of press releases about primitive magstripe technology used by debit industry (i.e. lacking secure hash as countermeasure to trivial counterfeit cards, it wasn't even necessary to "know" the account number ... with fairly dense use of account numbers that followed pattern, just create counterfeit cards with account numbers that followed the pattern). However, it was the card associations criticizing the debit industry as misdirection away from it having been a problem created by the card assocations.

As an aside you sort of see the secure hash extended for the internet which is the 4-5 digit number on the front or back of the card ... and telephone orders and internet orders may now request.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jun 2015 09:59:47 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#8 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#9 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#11 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

one of the only remaining claimed features left for the card associations value-added network is "stand-on" ... they will perform ("stand-in") the "auth" operation if it is unable to contact the issuing institution (however, for the six datacenters doing 90% of operations, they have better availability than the card associations).

however, the "stand-in" justification then has mandated all sorts of other problems. The "secure hash" for magstripe validation as part of "stand-in" ... had to require that the card associations have a copy of each BIN's secret key ... and it had to be BIN-level ... since there was no way for card assocations to manage account level secrets (aka they have a table of secrets for every BIN ... but its impractical for the card assocation processing to have a table entry for every account in the world).

The chip&pin has required significant increase in point-of-sale integrity to handle account level validation information, and a paradigm that enabled the chip to present the necessary validation to the point-of-sale terminal ... since there was no mechanism for "stand-in" at the card associations of performing the operation (with "stand-in" being one of the last remaining justifications for the card assocation and interchange) ... any chip&pin implementation had to perserve the appearance that the card associations are still useful.

The "downfall" of x9.59 financial transaction standard ... was it was a very lightweight transaction that provided end-to-end security (from point-of-sale all the way through to the issuer). It didn't require any additional integrity of the point-of-sale terminal ... and it did do end-to-end account level verification ... which precluded any use of stand-in at the card assocations (and one of their last remaining justifications to exist) ... as well as enabling end-to-end use of the internet.

It was designed for all payment methods (internet, face-to-face, point-of-sale, attended, unattended, remote, etc) and all payment types debit, credit, ACH, etc ... as per the requirements given the x9a10 financial standard working group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

misc. past posts mentioning "stand-in"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ansiepay.htm#mapchng Suggested changes to Annex B, 8583 mapping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#x959risk2 Risk Management in AA / draft X9.59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm4.htm#8 Public Key Infrastructure: An Artifact...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#72 Account Numbers. Was: Confusing Authentication and Identiification? (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#21 IBM alternative to PKI?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#33 two questions about spki
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#54 TTPs & AADS Was: First Data Unit Says It's Untangling Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#14 A challenge (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#48 basic question: semantics of "map", "tie", etc in PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#22 [anonsec] Re: potential new IETF WG on anonymous IPSec
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#42 Another entry in the internet security hall of shame
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#26 man in the middle, SSL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#17 Lack of fraud reporting paths considered harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#18 Lack of fraud reporting paths considered harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#46 Can I create my own SSL key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#45 InfiniBand Group Sharply, Evenly Divided
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#24 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#30 Caller ID "spoofing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#30 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#31 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#1 In SSL We Trust? Not Lately
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#27 taking down the machine - z9 series

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jun 2015 11:39:34 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
recent references to economists claiming congress is most corrupt institution on earth, in large part for selling (renting?) tax loopholes ... and independent of other issues with "flat tax" ... it would be beneficial just for elimination of tax loopholes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

also google+
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/VnVEQK8mgqc

Former Senator Slams Washington As Corrupt "Sewer", Calls For Outraged Young Americans To Revolt
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-06-30/former-senator-slams-washington-corrupt-sewer-calls-outraged-young-americans-revolt

How Gary Hart Tried to Change Military History
http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/12/how-gary-hart-tried-to-change-military-history/384064/
An Agenda for More Military Reform
http://www.nytimes.com/1986/05/13/opinion/an-agenda-for-more-military-reform.html
helped provide Spinney and Boyd cover ... including after
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

beltway bandits & military industrial complex spreading Success Of Failure culture, new ways to scam the gov. for money, especially aided by congress and big upswing in gov. outsourcing to "for-profit" companies ... especially when involved with "private equity" operations
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company which does LBO of company that employed Snowden:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

especially when they get paid for doing background checks but just fillout paperwork and skip the checks.

account of how private-equity turned LBO into similar to house flipping, except the loan stays with the company when it sells; they can even sell for much less than they paid and still walk away with boatloads of money (major factor in spike in corporate defaults).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

companies in the private-equity mill are under enormous pressure to generate money every way possible (including the security clearance companies just doing paperwork and skipping actually doing any checking). there has been long standing revolving door between gov and beltway bandits and/or wallstreet ... example is recent CIA director resigned in disgrace including slap on the wrist for leaking classified documents ... joins KKR.
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/30/k-k-r-hires-petraeus/

more recent KKR: SEC Hits Private Equity Kingpin KKR for $29 Million, Including $10 Million in Fines
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/06/sec-hits-private-equity-kingpin-kkr-for-29-million-including-10-million-in-fines.html

as periodically mentioned industries involved in all sorts of financial manipulation are getting use to such regulatory action as just "cost of doing business" ... since it is relatively trivial precentage of their total take.

posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

other recent private equity

Top Private Equity Reporter: CalPERS is Either Lying or Has "a Massive Breakdown in Financial Controls"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/06/top-private-equity-reporter-calpers-is-either-lying-or-has-a-massive-breakdown-in-financial-controls.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jun 2015 14:09:40 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I thought the purpose of security systems was to give people the warm fuzzies. At least that's been the only effect of several systems I've seen.

Some years back there was a Bizarro cartoon titled "Orientation Seminar at Homeland Security". It showed an instructor pointing to a blackboard containing the words "Inconvenience = Security" and asking, "Any questions?"


4 fatal problems with PKI
http://www.infoworld.com/article/2942072/security/4-fatal-problems-with-pki.html

I did AADS ... basically straight technical replacement of pins&passwords with public key ... kept same infrastructure but enormously more secure ... had updates to RADIUS, KERBEROS, standard for ALL payment transactions (point-of-sale, internet) and other authentication infrastructure. AADS downfall was that there was no new money for anyone (just security and reduced fraud). PKIs were out doing $20B/annum business case on wallstreet and getting lots of investment.

ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

some past PK radius posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#radius
some past PK kerberos posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos

For instance, PKI forces put enormous pressure on KERBEROS PKINIT to be PKI public key ... which would require buying digital certificates.

We were brought in to help wordsmith the Cal. state electronic signature legislation ... and they had been under enormous PKI industry pressure to mandate PKI in the electronic signature legislation.

some electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

while doing the work with "SSL" for what becomes "electronic commerce" ... i start referring to the PKI "digital certificates" ... as "comfort certificates" ... being hyped to provide the public with feeling of security comfort (warm fuzzies)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss5 Common misconceptions, was Re: KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#kiss7 KISS for PKIX. (Was: RE: ASN.1 vs XML (used to be RE: I-D ACTION :draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-00.txt))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#comfort AADS & X9.59 performance and algorithm key sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#pkiart2 Public Key Infrastructure: An Artifact...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#80 Invisible Ink, E-signatures slow to broadly catch on (addenda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#votec (my) long winded observations regarding X9.59 & XML, encryption and certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#openclose open CADS and closed AADS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert2 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert3 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert4 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert5 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert6 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert7 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert8 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert9 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert10 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert11 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert12 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert13 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert14 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert15 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert16 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert17 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#dspki use of digital signatures and PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#scale Scale (and the SRV record)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#mcomfort Human Nature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#mcomf3 Human Nature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#useire U.S. & Ireland use digital signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#useire2 U.S. & Ireland use digital signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#33 An attack on paypal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#36 signing all outbound email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#1 Extended Validation - setting the minimum liability, the CA trap, the market in browser governance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#25 EV - what was the reason, again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#62 Fingerprint Firefox Plugin?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#47 delegating SSL certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#32 Request for review of "secure" storage scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#62 SSL weaknesses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#26 Can I create my own SSL key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#41 InfiniBand Group Sharply, Evenly Divided
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#43 Proposal for a new PKI model (At least I hope it's new)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#39 SSL certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#43 why and how VeriSign, thawte became a trusted CA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#4 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#1 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#34 RSA SecurID product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#9 PGP Lame question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#33 The new High Assurance SSL Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#29 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#17 SSL info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#67 SLL Certificate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#20 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#31 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#18 How to tell a fake SSL certificate from a real one
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#46 More holes found in Web's SSL security protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#6 OSS's Simple Sabotage Field Manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#3 Sophisticated cybercrooks cracking bank security efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#22 Rogue PayPal SSL Certificate Available in the Wild - IE, Safari and Chrome users beware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#79 In SSL We Trust? Not Lately
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#84 In SSL We Trust? Not Lately
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#54 Trust Facade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#57 A mighty fortress is our PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#62 A mighty fortress is our PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#71 A slight modification of my comments on PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#79 Five Theses on Security Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#77 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#31 Survey Outlines Compliance Challenge Among Small Merchants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#36 Cookies Are Dead in the Fight Against Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#14 How is SSL hopelessly broken? Let us count the ways
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#25 Fear the Internet, was Cool Things You Can Do in z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#24 Fight Fraud with Device ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#63 Why do defenders keep losing to smaller cyberwarriors?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#64 Fraudulent Google credential found in the wild
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#65 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#48 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#23 Benefits of Online Banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#48 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#6 Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#54 Speed: Re: Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#7 The Convergence of PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#26 Can SSL Certificate Checking System Be Saved?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#71 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#7 [Cryptography] Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#85 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#4 "Trust in digital certificate ecosystem eroding"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#18 Can we design machines to automate ethics?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Jul 2015 09:35:05 -0700
Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/interactive-data-corp-taps-banks-224557976.html

one of the original virtual machine based online service bureaus from the 60s (along with NCSS, which was later bought by D&B). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

private equity took it private for $3.4B in 2010. A frequent private-equity scenario would have added $3.5+B loan (for loan & fees) to IDC books .... flipping it for $5B would mean being able to walk away with nearly the whole $5B (in addition to various fees that have already charged off to the company) ... leaving IDC to service the original loan for the purchase (companies put through the private-equity mill account for over half of corporate defaults). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Jul 2015 10:43:06 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/interactive-data-corp-taps-banks-224557976.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#15 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources

a little finger slip ... NSCC should be "NCSS"

I've mentioned before there was brief mention of IDC in jan2009 being used to value the off-book (triple-A rated) toxic assets of the too big to fail as part of TARP (had total $700B appropriated)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

IDC had bought the pricing services division from one of the rating agencies in the early 70s (I've made semi-humorous references that rating agencies may have decided that they no longer actually needed to value something in order to rate it).

However, it turns out that just the four largest too big to fail still had $5.2T off-book toxic assets end of 2008 ... which the $700B couldn't come close to cover. In fact early in 2008, several tens of billions of off-boog toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar. The $700B wouldn't even cover the $1.44T for that $5.2T at 22cents on the dollar (but that would have also resulted in the four TBTF declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated).
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

It is possible that the sec. of treasury never really intended to use TARP for toxic asset purchase ... just wanted a large pot of money for other purposes.

The Fed Reserve fought long legal battle to prevent public release of what it was doing ... turns out it was buying off-book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions of ZIRP funds to the TBTF. It has been pointed out that so far the TBTF have racked up total of $300B in fines and penalties ... however they've been making at least $300B/annum of the ZIRP funds (besides the enormous amounts they've been making off the illegal activity that they've been fined for).

TBTF besides paying rating agencies for triple-A ratings on securitized loans ... largely enabling the $27+T done between 2001-2008,
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

TBTF found that they could design securitized loans to fail, sell to their victims/customers, and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (enormously increasing demand for dodgy loans & mortgages). Sec. of treasury had long legal fight to prevent public release of what he was doing with TARP&AIG. AIG was the primary holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50-60 cents on the dollar. The secretary of treasury steps in and forces AIG to sign a document that AIG couldn't sue those making the gambling bets and take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds, and company formaly headed by sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face value payoffs).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Jul 2015 16:41:26 -0700
John Levine <johnl@iecc.com> writes:
I'm getting the impression you never tried to make a phone call in France in the 1970s or 1980s. It worked, sort of, usually. It was not cheap and instant like it was here.

another attempt at finding references to state of telco in europe ... turns up this discussion of orange ... which mentions they started buildout of local loops in the 70s ... doesn't mention price
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_S.A.

however it does mention
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_S.A.#Acquisition_of_Orange_and_privatization
In July 1991, Hutchinson Telecom, a UK subsidiary of the Hong Kong-based conglomerate Hutchison Whampoa acquires a controlling stake in Microtel Communications Ltd, who by then had won a license to develop a mobile network in United Kingdom.[5][6][7] Hutchison renamed Microtel as Orange Personal Communications Services Ltd, and on 28 April 1994 the Orange brand was launched in the UK mobile phone market

... snip ...

as it happens in fall 1991 was in HK selling ha/cmp system to hutchinson for paging text messaging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

this description is written as if there were no EMV deployments prior to middle of last decade
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMV
and in particular "yes card" ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

however it does mention this 2010 exploit ... able to use a valid card w/o knowing the PIN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMV#2010:_Hidden_hardware_disables_PIN_checking_on_stolen_card

also from above
Originally bank customers had to prove that they had not been negligent with their PIN before getting redress, but UK regulations in force from 1 November 2009 placed the onus firmly on the banks to prove that a customer has been negligent in any dispute, with the customer given 13 months to make a claim.[24] Murdoch said that "[the banks] should look back at previous transactions where the customer said their PIN had not been used and the bank record showed it has, and consider refunding these customers because it could be they are victim of this type of fraud."

... snip ...

reversed public "burden of proof" and then reversed it again.

also points to "Chip and PIN 'not fit for purpose', says Cambridge researcher"
https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Chip_and_PIN_'not_fit_for_purpose',_says_Cambridge_researcher

As previously mentioned the big difference between X9.59/AADS and chip&pin was chip&pin still attempts to preserve the existing card association operation with multiple layers of infrastructure. X9.59/AADS objective was stronger end-to-end security *AND* significantly decreasing the burden on the rest of the infrastructure ... even allowing everything (point-of-sale, browser, face-to-face, unattended, credit, debit, ach, etc) to run over the internet w/o encryption.

past posts in thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#8 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#9 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#11 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#12 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#14 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:59:13 -0700
Huge <Huge@nowhere.much.invalid> writes:
I used to use an Internet banking site that did this. It was one of the reasons I closed my account & went elsewhere. It was a Right Royal Pain in the Arse.

the screen keypads with mouse selection were countermeasure to keystroke capture. however, attackers already had mouse/screen capture ... which could run emulated responses, even handling randomized number order keypad. past ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#6 Online Banking & Password Theft

also as mentioned in the above, they managed to subvert CAPTCHA measures.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US money

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: US money
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 03 Jul 2015 12:36:09 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Stallman had a (?macro) in emacs that inserted various `watched-for' words,

'M-x spook' adds a line of randomly chosen keywords to an outgoing mail message. The keywords are chosen from a list of words that suggest you are discussing something subversive.

"fortune" used to put in a fortune cookie mesage

used to have lines from "zippy the pinhead" comics ... but possibly removed because of copyright(???)

past references to zippy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#5 360/67, was Re: IBM's Project F/S ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#77 Inserting autom. random signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#78 Inserting autom. random signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#7 disk write caching (was: ibm icecube -- return of
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#48 Random signatures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#48 Xah Lee's Unixism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#50 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#19 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#43 SNA: conflicting opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#55 Tell me something about how you use signature files!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#45 Taglines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#55 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 03 Jul 2015 12:55:11 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
As previously mentioned the big difference between X9.59/AADS and chip&pin was chip&pin still attempts to preserve the existing card association operation with multiple layers of infrastructure. X9.59/AADS objective was stronger end-to-end security *AND* significantly decreasing the burden on the rest of the infrastructure ... even allowing everything (point-of-sale, browser, face-to-face, unattended, credit, debit, ach, etc) to run over the internet w/o encryption.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#17 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

a little recent topic drift on aads (taken from a thread discussing F35)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

The problem has been raised about valid chips are being bought offshore that might have backdoors introduced. However, there is also problem where counterfeit chips (which could also have backdoors) may be substituted for valid chips ... similar to problems where counterfeit physical parts have been substituted for milspec parts (like bolts that don't meet milspec standards and will fail under stress).

Probe finds 'flood' of fake military parts from China in U.S. equipment
http://security.blogs.cnn.com/2012/05/22/probe-finds-flood-of-fake-military-parts-from-china-in-u-s-equipment/

note part of panel at ballroom standing room only
http://csrc.nist.gov/nissc/1998/index.html

I semi-facetiously say I was taking $500 milspec chip, aggressively cost reducing by 2-3 orders of magnitude while making it more secure.

then TD to deputy director for the information assurance directorate asks me to be on assurance panel in the trusted computing track at IDF ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

The person running TPM program is in the front row, so I comment that it is nice to see that over the past year or so, the TPM is starting to look more like my chip, he quips back that I don't have a committee of 200 people helping me with the design. I also make claim that it is as secure as anything the agency is doing while being 2-3 orders of magnitude less expensive (even when fab'ed at commercial agency certified "secure" fab), the Information Assurance Directorate TD quips back possibly except for radiation hardening. However, the agency has had a problem keeping their in-house fabs tracking technology.

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad

Internet threats are just a small part. Boyd used millions of dollars of supercomputer time for E/M and F16 design, F16 was already part way to being a drone with "fly-by-wire", F22 has 1.7M lines-of-code, F35 was originally suppose to be 5.7M lines-of-code but has exploded now to 24M lines-of-code. Software plays major role in gov. dataprocessing modernization failures and the spreading Success Of Failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

US military finds F-35 software is a buggy mess; Tests jettisoned to protect schedule
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/22/us_military_finds_f35_software_is_a_buggy_mess/

also some more 2007 Success Of Failure .... Who broke the law, Snowden or the NSA?
http://chicagodefender.com/2013/12/18/who-broke-the-law-snowden-or-the-nsa/
When NSA employees Bill Binney, Tom Drake, Diane Roark and I submitted a formal complaint about mismanagement at the agency, the government's response on July 26, 2007, was to send the FBI to raid our homes, searching them for seven hours and seizing our computers, phones and other digital media. We are just now getting our property back after having successfully sued the government in December 2012.

... snip ...

possibly somewhat related ... Office of Special Counsel Releases Report Confirming Misconduct by Then-Agency Head Scott Bloch
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/12/office-of-special-counsel-releases-report.html

note that in the gov. Success Of Failure paradigm ... they are always claiming that the latest upteenth round for weapons, security, cyber, dataprocessing, etc ... will magically correct all past shortcomings.

disclaimer: I don't have clearance ... but have periodically gotten called in, possibly because they've used a lot of my stuff over the years going back to my undergraduate days in the 60s (they would periodically brag that they knew where I was every day of my life back to birth).

there was unclassified IC-ARDA (now IARPA) BAA early in the Success Of Failure period (which we didn't realize until all the publicity much later last decade), we get a call asking us to respond before the BAA closed end-of-day ... apparently nobody else had responded ... BAA basically said that nothing they had would do the job. We responded before the end-of-day and then there were a couple meetings where we showed that we could do what was required ... and then nothing. Later we were told that the higher ups had told the BAA author that he actually hadn't proved (to their satisfaction) that what they have wouldn't do the job. As in other Success Of Failure stories, there are lot of large for-profit companies and other vested interests interested in maintaining the status quo (conjecture that he was allowed to release the BAA in anticipation of no response, which would help shutdown his complaining).

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 Jul 2015 08:48:59 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

more in the cyberdumb theme, including OPM servers not only ones pillaged ... also classified military, from recent F-35 discussions

US military finds F-35 software is a buggy mess; Tests jettisoned to protect schedule
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/22/us_military_finds_f35_software_is_a_buggy_mess/

so maybe F-35 is really purposeful bad design to get advisories to waste resources trying to copy

Confirmation that China stole F35, F22 and B2 stealth bomber secrets as early as 2007
http://nextbigfuture.com/2015/01/confirmation-that-china-stole-f35-f22.html
Chinese Hackers Score F-35, Black Hawk Chopper, and PATRIOT Missile Data
http://www.dailytech.com/Chinese+Hackers+Score+F35+Black+Hawk+Chopper+and+PATRIOT+Missile+Data/article31638.htm
Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter; Design data on F-35 stolen in 2007
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/stolen-f-35-secrets-now-showing-up-in-chinas-stealth-fighter/
New fear: Worm that ransacked US military PCs was blueprint for spies' super-malware; Secret stealer spawned spooks' snoop stooge, it seems
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/03/12/cyber_espionage_daddy/ Stolen
F-35 Secrets Showing Up In China's Stealth Fighter
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/03/stolen-f-35-secrets-showing-up-in.html
Officials: Chinese Spying Helped Develop Stealth Jet
http://www.newsmax.com/newsfront/china-cyberspying-f-35-stealth-jet/2014/03/13/id/559402/
New Chinese stealth jet built with stolen F-35 component designs
http://rt.com/news/chinese-jet-cyber-espionage-stolen-718/ Chinese
Stealth Fighter Operating With Stolen U.S. Technology
http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2014/03/13/chinese-stealth-fighter-operating-with-stolen-u-s-technology/

more gov. Cyber Dumb

Government Software Project Failure
http://defense.about.com/od/prodinnovate/a/Government-Software-Project-Failures.htm
World's Biggest 'Agile' Software Project Close To Failure
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/05/25/139218/worlds-biggest-agile-software-project-close-to-failure
The scariest software project horror stories of 2012
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9234581/The_scariest_software_project_horror_stories_of_2012
Billion-Dollar Flop: Air Force Stumbles on Software Plan
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/09/technology/air-force-stumbles-over-software-modernization-project.html?_r=0
Opinion: Does the Pentagon give contractors an incentive for slow R&D?
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_02_24_2014_p16-664173.xml
NSA director calls for stronger strategy to deter cyberattacks
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/nsa-director-calls-for-stronger-deterrent-strategy-to-oppose-cyberattacks/2014/02/27/aabd3d92-9fd4-11e3-a050-dc3322a94fa7_story.html
Army Unit to Intel Center: DCGS Doesn't Work
http://www.dodbuzz.com/2014/03/23/army-unit-to-intel-center-dcgs-doesnt-work/
The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
http://www.thewire.com/politics/2014/03/pentagon-spent-27-billion-intelligence-system-doesnt-work/359319/
$2.7 Billion Later, the Army's Intelligence-Sharing Computer System Still Doesn't Work
http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2011-07/27-billion-later-army%E2%80%99s-intelligence-sharing-computer-system-still-doesn%E2%80%99t-work
Exclusive: Pentagon Withholds Internal Report About Flawed $2.7 Billion Intel Program
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2014/03/18/exclusive_pentagon_withholds_report_2.7_billion_intel_program
International Engagement on CYBER 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014
Commander: U.S. Military Not Ready for Cyber Warfare; Gen. Alexander tells Senate threat of major cyber attacks is growing
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/commander-u-s-military-not-ready-for-cyber-warfare/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 Jul 2015 19:57:53 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

a little more on private equity

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/
... the private-equity firm that had become the nation's ninth-largest defense contractor by 2001.

....
Among them was Halliburton, the Texas oil-services and logistics firm. In 1995, after retiring as George H.W. Bush's defense secretary, Dick Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton. Over the next five years, he transformed the company into one of the world's largest military contractors. Around the same time, the elder Bush was hired as a senior adviser to the Carlyle Group. By the time Cheney became George W. Bush's vice president in 2001, outsourcing was official policy, and the migration of senior-level government officials into the defense and intelligence industries was standard practice.

... snip ...

when Gerstner left CEO of IBM, he went to Carlyle. Carlyle LBOs include BAH (snowden's employer). Big upswing last decade in outsourcing gov. to for-profit companies, especially those that have been in private-equity mill.

private equity post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

misc. more private equity

CalPERS Scrambles to Get Private Equity Carry Fee Info After We Break Story That They Had No Clue What They Were Paying
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/07/calpers-scrambles-to-get-private-equity-carry-fee-info-after-we-break-story-that-they-had-no-clue-what-they-were-paying.html
Sacramento Bee Reports on CalPERS' Fee Lapses
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/07/sacramento-bee-reports-on-calpers-fee-lapses.html

and "team b" posts (bush, rumsfeld, cheney, wolfowitz)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 05 Jul 2015 08:36:03 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
That is certainly true. I was not, however, aware of this fact. Given that OoO was originally designed to improve pipelining on the Model 91 - and it was only after the 91 performed less well than expected, and the model 85 performed better than expected, that the cache from the 85 was borrowed and put on the 91 to make the 195 (the 195's cache was different from that of the 85, of course) I hadn't thought that OoO was something used to make caches work better.

Instead, I thought that OoO was all about making pipelining work better by taking care of WAR pipeline hazards. That is not to say that OoO couldn't be tweaked to also take further advantage of ILP in ways that help the cache, but I don't recall seeing a mention of this even in CA:aQA.


OoO compensate for memory access latency (and cache misses). 195 didn't have branch prediction or speculative execution ... so most codes ran about 1/2 peak throughput ... took careful code construction to work within the 195 constraints.

they sucked me in a little to effort for hyperthreading the 195 (that never shipped) ... two instruction streams would then have possibility to keep execution units running at max. see red/blue multithreading here
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

the downside is that MVT from 360/65MP was pretty inefficient ... had a global kernel spinlock. even MVT rework for MVS 370 was fairly crude SMP. 370 cache MPs (158 & 168) ran machine cyle at .9 a uniprocessor ... to allow for overhead of cross-cache serialization/synchronization chatter ... so two processor hardware was only 1.8 that of single processor. However, MVS guidelines was two processor throughput would only be 1.3.-1.5 times that of single process (because of multiprocessor software inefficiencies).

compare&swap had been invented by charlie (name chosen because CAS are his initials) while working on cp67 fine-grain multiprocessor locking at the science center. then an attempt was made to get compare&swap instruction added to 370. however, it was initially rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating system people claimed that test&set was more than adequate for multiprocessor support (especially if all you are doing is kernel spin-lock). the 370 architecture owners said that to get compare&swap added to 370 would require more justification than just operating system serialization. Thus was born the examples for application use for serialization (whether running single or multi-processor) ... which are still included in mainframe principles of operation. this is decade old
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/A.6?DT=20040504121320

I did vm370 some multiprocessor support in the late 70s that with some slight of hand got better than 1.8 times throughput ... a combination of minimal multiprocessor serialization overhead and some implicit cache affinity (that happened because of some kernel restructure w/o explicit instructions) ... which increased cache hit ratios that offset the reduced machine cycle (and the minimum multiprocessor serializationo overhead).

some past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
some past smp &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back.
Date: 05 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/on-leadership/wp/2015/06/26/ibm-is-struggling-but-former-ceo-sam-palmisano-says-he-isnt-looking-back/

"The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

Big Blue: Stock Buyback Machine On Steroids
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-04-17/big-blue-stock-buyback-machine-steroids

and starting before him, but continued
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

posts on stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
Date: 05 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
Life after IBM .. Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1037893592918171788

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/
... the private-equity firm that had become the nation's ninth-largest defense contractor by 2001.

Among them was Halliburton, the Texas oil-services and logistics firm. In 1995, after retiring as George H.W. Bush's defense secretary, Dick Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton. Over the next five years, he transformed the company into one of the world's largest military contractors. Around the same time, the elder Bush was hired as a senior adviser to the Carlyle Group. By the time Cheney became George W. Bush's vice president in 2001, outsourcing was official policy, and the migration of senior-level government officials into the defense and intelligence industries was standard practice.


... snip ...

Carlyle does LBO of BAH ... Snowden's employer

Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

.... snip ...

Gerstner had been president of AMEX and they were in competition with KKR for private equity LBO of RJR. KKR won, but when they ran into trouble, they hired Gerstner away to turn it around. IBM was being reorganized to breakup into the 13 "baby blues" when the board hires Gerstner to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup, using some of the same techniques used at RJR:
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
Date: 05 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#25 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman

account of how private-equity turned LBO into similar to house flipping, except the loan stays with the company when it sells; they can even sell for much less than they paid and still walk away with boatloads of money ... operations caught in the private-equity mill account for over half of corporate defaults
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

the enormous pressure on companies (in the private-equity mill) are under for revenue have them resorting to all sort of measures to turn a dime. in the wake of the snowden event ... they found that the (private-equity owned) privatized security clearance operations were just filling out all the paper work while not actually doing the checks. there was period when clearances were put on hold while gov. operations went back and redid all of those clearances.

as describe in the above articles ... it also plays a major factor in the spreading Success Of Failure culture ... where for-profit companies have realized that a series of failures result in more revenue than an immediate success (possibly having adapted computer war gaming technology to maximized revenue scenarios)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

the website may have a robo-click countermeasure, frequently first click on URL results in blank page ... and it has to be repeated.

also some more 2007 Success of Failure .... Who broke the law, Snowden or the NSA?
http://chicagodefender.com/2013/12/18/who-broke-the-law-snowden-or-the-nsa/
When NSA employees Bill Binney, Tom Drake, Diane Roark and I submitted a formal complaint about mismanagement at the agency, the government's response on July 26, 2007, was to send the FBI to raid our homes, searching them for seven hours and seizing our computers, phones and other digital media. We are just now getting our property back after having successfully sued the government in December 2012.

... snip ...

possibly somewhat related ... Office of Special Counsel Releases Report Confirming Misconduct by Then-Agency Head Scott Bloch
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/12/office-of-special-counsel-releases-report.html

note that in the gov. Success Of Failure paradigm ... they are always claiming that the latest upteenth round for weapons, security, cyber, dataprocessing, etc ... will magically correct all past shortcomings.

disclaimer: I don't have clearance ... but have periodically gotten called in, possibly because they've used a lot of my stuff over the years going back to my undergraduate days in the 60s (they would periodically brag that they knew where I was every day of my life back to birth).

there was unclassified IC-ARDA (now IARPA) BAA early in the Success Of Failure period (which we didn't realize until all the publicity much later last decade), we get a call asking us to respond before the BAA closed end-of-day ... apparently nobody else had responded ... BAA basically said that nothing they had would do the job. We responded before the end-of-day and then there were a couple meetings where we showed that we could do what was required ... and then nothing. Later we were told that the higher ups had told the BAA author that he actually hadn't proved (to their satisfaction) that what they have wouldn't do the job. As in other Success Of Failure stories, there are lot of large for-profit companies and other vested interests interested in maintaining the status quo (conjecture that he was allowed to release the BAA in anticipation of no response, which would help shutdown his complaining).

private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

As an aside, besides the bad stuff that happened to the people reporting the mismanagement to congress ... congress did put the agency on probation and not allowed to manage its own projects ... but that may have just been ploy for further privatization of the operation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Federal Subsidies

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Feceral Subsidies
Date: 05 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
also federal flood insurance ... over half going to the same people year after year (along the Mississippi in the south) ... congress pass bill in 80s saying people that constantly rebuild on flood plain will no longer be eligible ... but that law has been ignored (claim that its federal economic subsidy to those states). big dig in boston ... inflated from $2B to $20B with 90% paid by federal gov. inflated considered mostly graft & corruption ... but claims were the federal gov. owed it to mass. economy (even tho only relative few actually pocketed the money)

2002 congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed expenses). 2010 CBO report was that taxes were cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to fiscal responsible baseline budget and all federal debt disappears). Some articles were that wallstreet didn't want the debt gone ... because they make so much money off it. Current interest on debt is pushing half trillion ... and calculations are that TBTF are making $300B/annum taking tens of trillions in ZIRP funds and buying treasuries (of course if ZIRP funds were used directly to buy treasuries, federal debt would cost nothing ... but TBTF would be out the $300B/annum). There was long drawn out legal battle trying to prevent details of the ZIRP funds being made public ... afterwards they just shrugged and said we thot that the TBTF would turn around and lend to mainstreet ... but when they didn't we couldn't force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP funds). Note that something similar went on with the big banks after the crash of '29 ... so there should have been no expectations that they would behave differently this time.

fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax havens, tax loopholes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

Note also congress looted the $2.7T in the SS Trust Fund ... which is behind a lot of the hand wringing about SS. The baby boomer bubble is 4times larger than the previous generation and twice as large as the following generation. While they were working, they were paying into SS Trust Fund enough to cover their benefits when they retired. Congress looted $2.7T that had been built up ... turning SS into a Ponzi scheme ... aka the (smaller) following generation will need their taxes increased to cover the benefits to the baby boomers (i.e. covering the $2.7T congress stole from the SS Trust Fund).

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft. Worth area that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s we ere asked to look at improving the integrity of the supporting documents as countermeasure. However, they found that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony), triple-A rating trumps documentation and so they could start doing no-documentation liar loans, pay for triple-A and sell to victims (including large pension funds restricted to dealing in safe investments, claims that as result they took 30% hit and now have a couple trillion shortfall). It is major factor in being able to do over $27T in 2001-2008 period
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

From the law of unintended consequences, the no-documentation securitized mortgages (enabled by triple-A ratings) led to the too big to fail having to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents (and resulting billions in fines for doing foreclosures with fabricated documents).

If that wasn't enough, paying for triple-A ratings enabled them to create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for the triple-A rating and sell off to their victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). Later the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG ... who was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by the sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face-value payoffs).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US money

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: US money
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 06 Jul 2015 11:17:21 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I knew I had something lying around somewhere, and I managed to find it: a file full of Zippy quotes (including the one above) plus a LISP program to display them. I don't speak LISP, but the program seems to be able to sometimes emit the diagnostic message "I have SEEN the CONSING!!"

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#19 US money

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zippy_the_Pinhead#Appearances_elsewhere

from above:
A collection of about 1,000 Zippy quotes was formerly packaged and distributed with the Emacs text editor. Some installations of the "fortune" command, available on most Unix-type systems, also contain this collection. This gives Zippy a very wide audience, since most Emacs users can have a random Zippy quote printed on their screen by typing "M-x yow" and most Linux or BSD users can get a random quote by typing "fortune zippy" in a shell. However, as a result of a decision by Richard Stallman prompted by FSF lawyer Eben Moglen, motivated by copyright concerns,[12] these quotes have been erased for GNU Emacs 22.[13] Zippy under emacs now will only say "Yow! Legally-imposed CULTURE-reduction is CABBAGE-BRAINED!".[14] Zippy can be restored by replacing the yow file with one from an older Emacs.

... snip ...

I use to "yow zippy" email & usenet posts ... from long ago and far away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#5 360/67, was Re: IBM's Project F/S ?

I had extended it to randomly select from a number of files ... but had to fix a bug. yow would use random with halfword number (2**15-1) to select a byte in the file ... and then back up to the start of the line. zippy/yow file was 30k bytes ... so worked ... but my other files were larger than that ... so would only select lines from first 32k bytes (6670 sayings file is 236196 in yow format, ibmjarg is 404928 in yow format).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
Date: 06 July 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/J44hQfCcmg7

Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/06/eric-holder-returns-law-firm-lobbies-big-banks/
After failing to criminally prosecute any of the financial firms responsible for the market collapse in 2008, former Attorney General Eric Holder is returning to Covington & Burling, a corporate law firm known for serving Wall Street clients.

... snip ...

more regulatory capture & revolving doors:

And the former director of SEC enforcement, now general counsel at JPMorgan is moving to vice chairman and being replaced by Stacey Friedman from Sullivan & Cromwell
http://seekingalpha.com/news/2614385-jpmorgans-top-lawyer-moving-aside

Bank Super Lawyer, Rodgin Cohen of Sullivan & Cromwell, Says Regulatory Capture is a Myth
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/bank-super-lawyer-rodgin-cohen-sullivan-cromwell-says-regulatory-capture-myth.html

Sullivan & Cromwell was John Foster Dulles firm when he was rebuilding German economy & military in the 20s&30s "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War" loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism.

... snip ...

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

recent posts mentioning "revolving doors"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#6 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#83 Winslow Wheeler's War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#58 Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#38 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
Date: 06 July 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/jC4SmGJ49bQ

Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.military.com/daily-news/2015/07/03/analysis-root-of-tattered-us-russia-ties-date-back-decades.html

well there is John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

from above:
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

from above:
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

loc1124:
The actual content of the military doctrine of 1993 reflected the Yeltsin administration's hopes for a strategic partnership with the West and presented a relatively benign picture of the external security environment confronting Russia

... snip ...

Some of the same people were then involved US economic mess ... so can you blame Putin on Harvard?

"How Harvard lost Russia" also has overtones of "economic hitman" ... which also has boston/cambridge setting
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
and
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266

recent posts mentioning "economic hit man":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The joy of simplicity?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The joy of simplicity?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Jul 2015 08:26:32 -0700
simon@twoplaces.co.uk (Simon Turner) writes:
20? Getting on for 30: the IBM PC XT had a 10 MB hard drive in 1983; up to 20 MB for the AT in late 1984. By 1986 it was 30 MB.

(Although I recall a 1989 (or possibly 1990) bleeding-edge Compaq 486 PC having only a 40 MB hard drive to go with its 4 MB of RAM and £10k price tag.)


in late 80s/early 90s ... I use to post prices from sunday sjmn news to internal online discussion groups ... somewhat to needle boca ... who had done reports about projected (large volume purchase) PC prices significantly higher than the quantity one prices from the sunday paper. old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#79 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)

above includes fortune/yow that happend to be from ibmjargon

bare 386/33mhz $1259, +14in svga $489, 80mb/18ms access would add $475, 660mb/18ms access + esdi card add $1895

archeological tidbits continue for the next couple posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#81 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)

1.2gb scsi 13ms access $2149, 1.7gb scsis 12ms access $2399

80ns 1mbit chip $5.99 1mx9 $59.95

486/8mb systems $4450

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 07 Jul 2015 10:14:29 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
however, the "stand-in" justification then has mandated all sorts of other problems. The "secure hash" for magstripe validation as part of "stand-in" ... had to require that the card associations have a copy of each BIN's secret key ... and it had to be BIN-level ... since there was no way for card assocations to manage account level secrets (aka they have a table of secrets for every BIN ... but its impractical for the card assocation processing to have a table entry for every account in the world).

a little further ... card association implementations have significant amount of (security, verification and other) processing done at point-of-sale ... with the POS terminal then generating a payment network transactions that conforms as closely as possible with existing card association processing ... maintaining their relavance. It also results in at least two different kinds of processing 1) that with such POS processing for card-present, & cardholder processing and 2) everything else ... including internet.

one of the twists in the transaction standard in the x9a10 financial standard working group was that individual could have two different accounts ... one was end-to-end strongly authenticated *ONLY* and the other was current processing. evesdropping/skimming/breaches of transaction information for end-to-end *only* account wasn't subject to crooks using information for new, fraudulent transaction. That allowed such transaction to flow thru current infrastructure ... but also could flow directly over internet w/o needing card association ... it became network infrastructure agnostic ... POS, internet, and other processing becames identical.

the x9a10 financial standard allowed for strong security, lightweight digital signature for end-to-end authentication ... where the user digital signature can include integrity level information. This allowd for parameterised risk management on a transaction basis. The x9a10 financial standard also allowed for a 2nd digital signature with known/registered integrity information for the environment of the originating transaction. All of this was carefully crafted so that it was lightweight enough (w/o sacrifying security and integrity) to flow end-to-end through the existing card association infrastructure ... but also be infrastructure agnostic and be able to flow threw end-to-end through any infrastructure.

being infrastructure agnostic (as well as credit, debit, ach, etc agnostic) obviously becomes potential threat to the status quo of the existing card association operation.

ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#3 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#6 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#8 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#9 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#11 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#12 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#14 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#17 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#18 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back.
Date: 07 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#24 IBM is struggling. But former CEO Sam Palmisano says he isn't looking back.

the industry had gotten such bad reputation during the S&L crisis that they changed the industry name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" became "high yield bonds". then things accelerated during the the 90s and last decade.with all sorts of slight of hand and other gimmicks ... "great deformation" and "stock buybacks" mentioned upthread ... but also private equity LBO ... the poster child was RJR (mentioned in my posting about IBM CEO coming from a private equity "poster child" and then going back to private equity)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

which also included other gimmicks
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

latest on CEOs get rich on buyback mania:
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-07-07/surprise-ceos-are-getting-rich-buying-back-stock

posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
posts on stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The joy of simplicity?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The joy of simplicity?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 08 Jul 2015 09:32:22 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
The one organisation that can bring this under control is the Department of Defence. It needs much improved protection from hacking. Many of its hostile hackers are spies working for foreign governments. Computer security requires the DOD to start with operating systems designed to be defend against attacks.

Home Depot Has Better Cyber Security Than 25 US Defense Contractors
http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2015/07/home-depot-has-better-cyber-security-25-us-defense-contractors/116995/
Pentagon Contractors Rank Below Retailers and Banks When it Comes to Cybersecurity
http://www.fedcyber.com/2015/07/06/pentagon-contractors-rank-below-retailers-and-banks-when-it-comes-to-cybersecurity/
Pentagon Contractors Rank Below Retailers and Banks When it Comes to Cybersecurity
http://www.nextgov.com/cybersecurity/2015/07/pentagon-contractors-ranked-below-retailers-and-banks-when-it-comes-cybersecurity/116899/
Pentagon Contractors Ranked Below Retailers and Banks When it Comes to Cybersecurity
http://www.fedcyber.com/2015/07/06/pentagon-contractors-ranked-below-retailers-and-banks-when-it-comes-to-cybersecurity/

and x-over from
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

early as 2007
http://nextbigfuture.com/2015/01/confirmation-that-china-stole-f35-f22.html
Chinese Hackers Score F-35, Black Hawk Chopper, and PATRIOT Missile Data
http://www.dailytech.com/Chinese+Hackers+Score+F35+Black+Hawk+Chopper+and+PATRIOT+Missile+Data/article31638.htm
Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter; Design data on F-35 stolen in 2007
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/stolen-f-35-secrets-now-showing-up-in-chinas-stealth-fighter/
New fear: Worm that ransacked US military PCs was blueprint for spies' super-malware; Secret stealer spawned spooks' snoop stooge, it seems
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/03/12/cyber_espionage_daddy/ Stolen
F-35 Secrets Showing Up In China's Stealth Fighter
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/03/stolen-f-35-secrets-showing-up-in.html
Officials: Chinese Spying Helped Develop Stealth Jet
http://www.newsmax.com/newsfront/china-cyberspying-f-35-stealth-jet/2014/03/13/id/559402/
New Chinese stealth jet built with stolen F-35 component designs
http://rt.com/news/chinese-jet-cyber-espionage-stolen-718/ Chinese
Stealth Fighter Operating With Stolen U.S. Technology
http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2014/03/13/chinese-stealth-fighter-operating-with-stolen-u-s-technology/

more gov. Cyber Dumb

Government Software Project Failure
http://defense.about.com/od/prodinnovate/a/Government-Software-Project-Failures.htm
World's Biggest 'Agile' Software Project Close To Failure
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/05/25/139218/worlds-biggest-agile-software-project-close-to-failure
The scariest software project horror stories of 2012
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9234581/The_scariest_software_project_horror_stories_of_2012
Billion-Dollar Flop: Air Force Stumbles on Software Plan
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/09/technology/air-force-stumbles-over-software-modernization-project.html?_r=0
Opinion: Does the Pentagon give contractors an incentive for slow R&D?
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_02_24_2014_p16-664173.xml
NSA director calls for stronger strategy to deter cyberattacks
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/nsa-director-calls-for-stronger-deterrent-strategy-to-oppose-cyberattacks/2014/02/27/aabd3d92-9fd4-11e3-a050-dc3322a94fa7_story.html
Army Unit to Intel Center: DCGS Doesn't Work
http://www.dodbuzz.com/2014/03/23/army-unit-to-intel-center-dcgs-doesnt-work/
The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
http://www.thewire.com/politics/2014/03/pentagon-spent-27-billion-intelligence-system-doesnt-work/359319/
$2.7 Billion Later, the Army's Intelligence-Sharing Computer System Still Doesn't Work
http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2011-07/27-billion-later-army%E2%80%99s-intelligence-sharing-computer-system-still-doesn%E2%80%99t-work
Exclusive: Pentagon Withholds Internal Report About Flawed $2.7 Billion Intel Program
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2014/03/18/exclusive_pentagon_withholds_report_2.7_billion_intel_program
International Engagement on CYBER 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014
Commander: U.S. Military Not Ready for Cyber Warfare; Gen. Alexander tells Senate threat of major cyber attacks is growing
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/commander-u-s-military-not-ready-for-cyber-warfare/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Moving to the Cloud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Moving to the Cloud
Date: 08 July 2015
Blog: Old Geek
I was brought into Boeing the summer of 69 (while still undergraduate) to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (moving dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment). At the time, I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world ... something like $300M (69 dollars) in IBM equipment, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly being staged in the hallways around the machine room. It was also being replicated up at the new 747 plant at Paine field ... there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainier warms up and the resulting mudslide takes out the renton datacenter ... analysis that being w/o the renton datacenter for a week would cost the company more than the total cost of the renton datacenter. I would claim BCS to be early form of cloud computing.

Later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM. His biographies has him command of Spook Base about the same time I was at Boeing ... and Spook Base was a $2.5B windfall for IBM. description ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd would claim he had told McNamara that it wouldn't work ... so his posting commanding spook base was possibly retaliation/punishment. He would also claim spook base had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Last product we were doing at IBM was HA/CMP ... both high availability and cluster scaleup.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

When I was out marketing HA/CMP, I coined the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability (to differentiate from disaster recovery) ... having lots of redundant processing at separate physical locations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

Old post discussing meeting in Ellison's conference room early Jan1992 on HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

The scaleup part included cramming together as many processors in racks and having as many racks as possible ... all tied together The mainframe DB2 group was complaining that if we were allowed to go ahead ... we would be at least five years ahead of them. We had been working on both commercial & RDBMS as well with national labs on numerica intensive. Some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

Within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, the scaleup part was transferred, announced as the IBM supercomputer (for technical and scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors.

The following years saw a big upswing with the paradigm (cramming lots of processors in racks and than having ever increasing number of racks) in the GRID market (and then evolving cloud). One of the issues was that it required lots of software innovation to handle the new computing paradigm (and all the platforms at the time had tied up source). Linux saw upswing with hobbiest ... but also in the large GRID computing centers and then cloud megadatacenters ... where a lot of invention and software changes were necessary (requiring freely available source). It harks back to the early 360 days were lots of invention and software occurred at datacenters ... when source was available and it was from the datacenters that came lots of the mainframe products that continue to exist today ... HASP/JES2, ASP/JES3, IMS, CICS, etc.

A large cloud megadatacenters will have hundreds of thousands of systems and millions of processors operated by 80-120 people. They have optimized traditional system costs to a level that major costs have shifted to power & cooling (given rise to lots of focus on green efforts). The enormous drop in system costs have also allowed for provisional a large number of idle systems for instant "on-demand" computing (as long as power/cooling drops to near zero while idle).

Other trivia ... sort of precursor ... in the late 70s, I got sucked into doing some 4341 benchmarks for (gov. lab) LLNL that was looking at getting 70 4341s for "large" compute farm ... 4341 technology broke some computing barriers ... saw large numbers for clusters in datacenters ... but also saw multi-hundred orders by large corporations for placement out in departmental areas ... precursor to the coming distributed computing tsunami. Some old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

After we leave IBM ... we are brought in as consultants into a small client/server startup. Two of the other people mentioned in the Ellison meeting had (also) left and were then at the startup responsible for something called a commerce server. They wanted to do payment transactions on the server; the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

"Electronic commerce" was at ground zero along with "cloud computing" ... and small group of people would seen at all the places. A friend that came over to work on some of "electronic commerce" was also over at Google and worked on how the internet facing routers distributing workload across the backend server farm. The initial hack was doing rotating A-record list in DNS ... however since ISPs would cache DNS records ... rotating list wouldn't be that effective. Then the internet face routers were modified to track load information on the backend servers and dynamically route new incoming requests, load balancing across the growing farm of backend servers.

more trivia: Grid Computing
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/
Hook enough computers together and what do you get? A new kind of utility that offers supercomputer processing on tap.

... snip ...

In the 80s, we had been working with director of NSF and NSF supercomputer centers on interconnecting the centers. Originally we were supposed to get $20M, but then Congress cuts the budget and some number of other things happen. Finally an RFP is released ... largely based on our earlier work. Unfortunately internal politics prevents us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help, writing a letter to the company (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). Then as regional networks connect to the NSF supercomputer sites, it evolves into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to the modern internet. Some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

late 70s, cluster of 4341s had more processing power than 3033, cost significantly less, had more i/o capacity, more real storage, smaller footprint, less power&cooling, etc. ... precursor to the cloud megadatacenters .... besides the low-cost, floor space and environments ... allowing placement out in departmental areas ... precursor to the distributed computing tsunami.

Most modern mainframe processors now emulate those 4341 clusters using LPARs. However GRID computer centers started the assembly of their own blades ... which continued with the large cloud megadatacenters ... that have been claiming for more than a decade that they assemble their own blades for 1/3rd the cost of band name blades (the related commodization of computing being a motivation for IBM to sell off its server business). IBM had a base list price of $1815 for e5-2600V1 blade or about $3.50/BIPS ... cloud megadatacenters were then doing it for almost $1/BIPS. A e5-2600v3 blade is rated at about 2.5 times the processing power of e5-2600v1 blade for about the same price and a e5-2600v4 blade will be closer to 3.5 times the processing power of e5-2600v1. By comparison z196 mainframe was $560,000/BIPS and ec12 was $440,000/BIPS (and source not freely available)

Some claims that server processor manufacturers now ship more server processor chips to large cloud megadatacenters than to brand name server makers. A high-density rack of e5-2600v4 blades will now have upwards of 200TIPs in processing power ... and a cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of systems/blades (more processing power than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today). They will also have large numbers of such high density racks sitting idle available for instant "on-demand" computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
Date: 08 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/eric-holder-wall-street-double-agent-comes-in-from-the-cold-20150708
Cronyism Pays: Eric Holder Triumphantly Returns To Law Firm That Lobbies For Banks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-07-07/cronyism-pays-eric-holder-triumphantly-returns-law-firm-lobbies-banks
Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/06/eric-holder-returns-law-firm-lobbies-big-banks/
After failing to criminally prosecute any of the financial firms responsible for the market collapse in 2008, former Attorney General Eric Holder is returning to Covington & Burling, a corporate law firm known for serving Wall Street clients.

... snip ...

more regulatory capture & revolving doors:

And the former director of SEC enforcement, now general counsel at JPMorgan is moving to vice chairman and being replaced by Stacey Friedman from Sullivan & Cromwell
http://seekingalpha.com/news/2614385-jpmorgans-top-lawyer-moving-aside

Bank Super Lawyer, Rodgin Cohen of Sullivan & Cromwell, Says Regulatory Capture is a Myth
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/bank-super-lawyer-rodgin-cohen-sullivan-cromwell-says-regulatory-capture-myth.html

Sullivan & Cromwell was John Foster Dulles firm when he was rebuilding German economy & military in the 20s&30s "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War" loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism.

... snip ..

It has been pointed out that so far the TBTF have racked up total of $300B in fines and penalties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

In 2002 congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed expenses, eliminating federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that taxes were cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to fiscal responsible baseline budget and all federal debt disappears, some references that wallstreet didn't want to eliminate federal debt).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Current interest on debt is pushing half trillion ... and calculations are that TBTF are making $300B/annum taking tens of trillions in ZIRP funds and buying treasuries (of course if ZIRP funds were used directly to buy treasuries, federal debt would cost nothing ... but TBTF would be out the $300B/annum).

There was long drawn out legal battle trying to prevent details of the ZIRP funds being made public ... afterwards they just shrugged and said we thot that the TBTF would turn around and lend to mainstreet ... but when they didn't we couldn't force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP funds). That is addition to the trillions they've been making off the illegal activity for toxic CDOs, CDS gambling bets, manipulation of LIBOR, FOREX, and commodity markets, aiding wealthy americans with evading hundreds of billions in taxes by illegally moving money offshore, money laundering for terrorists and drug cartels, etc. Gives rise to jokes that they are viewing the $300B as just part of cost of doing (illegal) business.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Along the way the gov. would use the excuse that they were invoking "deferred prosecution" (sort of like probation, if you promise to never do it again, the charges would be cleared or otherwise they do jail time). However, they've been found repeatedly engaging in illegal activity and gov. just ignored previous "deferred prosecution".

Note, Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into the crash of '29, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what went on this time and what happened then (some comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it awhile and get a call that it won't be needed after all (refs to washington totally buried under enormous piles of wallstreet money)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Also note that for much of the fraud, the statute of limitations is expiring, ... however, they still could be jailed under Sarbanes-Oxley provisions. In the wake of ENRON, rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors would go to jail. However, it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after Sarbanes-Oxley goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Just about all their fraudulent activity required cooking fraudulent financial reports in one way or another ... violating Sarbanes-Oxley (which supposedly was guaranteeing executives doing jailtime).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Holder was responsible for the phrases: too big to prosecute and too big to jail ... some discussion of use of "deferred prosecution"

The Blotch on Eric Holder's Record: Wall Street Accountability; The Attorney General has cemented a doctrine of too big to jail at the Justice Department
http://www.thenation.com/article/blotch-eric-holders-record-wall-street-accountability/
Under Holder, the Justice Department has greatly expanded the use of deferred prosecution agreements with large corporations, from financial firms to agricultural giants. These are arrangements that take the place of criminal prosecutions--instead, the offending corporation admits wrongdoing, pays a fine (that is usually a small fraction of yearly profits), and agrees to remedy internal problems that lead to the crime. In return, the government agrees not to prosecute.

......
This was brought into sharp relief when Justice allowed HSBC to enter deferred prosecution for wide-ranging multibillion-dollar money laundering at the bank on behalf of large illegal drug operations and also terrorist groups.

"The facts are unbelievable. Epic-level money laundering on behalf of narco-traffickers, un-denied by the corporation," Weissman said. "And no criminal prosecution, and no responsibility for the executives."


... snip ...

and the latest from today on HSBC DPA ... (appears that HSBC US employees are fighting tooth&nail to prevent changing their illegal activity)

Sealed HSBC Report Shows U.S. Managers Battling Cleanup Squad
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-07-07/sealed-hsbc-report-shows-u-s-managers-battling-clean-up-squad

Glass-Steagall wasn't directly responsible for the early illegal activity last decade ... however Glass-Steagall plays a major role in enabling too big to fail ... which then results in too big to prosecute, too big to jail, "moral hazard" ... and repeated illegal activity with no accountability.

Trivia: President of AMEX is in competition to be next CEO and wins. The looser then leaves with their protege and goes to Baltimore acquiring what is described as loan sharking businesses. They make some number of other acquisitions eventually acquiring Citi in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling too big to fail). The protege then leaves and becomes CEO of another too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX to turn it around. IBM has gone into the red and is being reorganized into the "13 baby blues" in preparation for breakup. The board then hires the former president of AMEX away from KKR/RJR to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup. Uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

more trivia: The rhetoric on the floor of congress for GLBA (bank modernization act, now better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that the primary purpose was if you have a bank charter, you get to keep it, if you don't have a bank charter, you don't get one. Wallstreet banks were worried about new more efficient entries moving into banking and significantly cutting into their profit margins (original primary purpose of GLBA was to eliminate such possibility). It was only later, that the repeal of Glass-Steagall got tacked on.

... and person responsible for GLBA is #2 on times list of those responsible for economic mess ... for his follow-on prohibiting regulation of CDS (originally characterized as gift to ENRON). Head of CFTC proposes regulating CDS, they are quickly replaced with the wife of person responsible for GLBA while legislation is passed prohitied CDS regulation (which leads to AIG). The wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and the board's audit committee.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in the Dallas/Ft. Worth area that turned out to be empty lots) ... however, they had limited market and not much uptake. In the late 90s, I was asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized loans as countermeasure.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Then they found that they could pay for triple-A ratings from the rating agencies (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A ratings trump documentation and they found they could start doing no-documentation liar loans (with no supporting documents, there was no longer an issue of supporting document integrity), pay for triple-A rating and sell off (including to large pension funds that are restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, claims it was major contribution to 30% drop in fund value and trillions in pension shortfall) ... largely responsible for being able to do over $27T between 2001-2008 (compared to almost nothing during the S&L crisis, major factor that economic mess last decade being 70times larger than the S&L crisis).
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

From the law of unintended consequences, the no-documentation securitized mortgages (enabled by triple-A ratings) led to the too big to fail having to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents (and resulting billions in fines for doing foreclosures with fabricated documents).

If that wasn't enough, paying for triple-A ratings enabled them to create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for the triple-A rating and sell off to their customer/victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). Later the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG ... who was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by the sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face-value payoffs).

The Federal Reserve also gives the firm that was previously headed by the sec. of treasury, a new bank charter (theoretically in violation of GLBA), which makes it eligible for ZIRP funds.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
Date: 10 July 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/1kax8rMaxPa

LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/07/libor-historys-largest-financial-crime-that-the-wsj-and-nyt-would-like-you-to-forget.html

libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

and

Matt Taibbi: Eric Holder Back to Wall Street-Tied Law Firm After Years of Refusing to Jail Bankers
http://www.democracynow.org/2015/7/8/eric_holder_returns_to_wall_street

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

other recent posts mentioning holder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold

I believe I first saw too big to prosecute and too big to jail come up with regard to repeated instances of too big to fail money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists. Some of the references also claim that the militarizing of the drug cartels south of the border and the upswing in violence on both sides of the boarder is direct result of the funds available from the too big to fail money laundering.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

"Hard to win" was obfuscation and misdirection by both SEC and Holder ... they could have been charged under Sarbanes-Oxley which is very straight-forward and jailed for many of the crimes related to the economic mess.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

However, that is separate from the "money laundering" crimes which was proven and they could have been jailed for, also manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, commodities market, etc. All crimes easily proven and getting jailtime.

When Holder started using the terms too big to prosecute and too big to jail ... he wasn't even trying very hard to obfuscate their culpability

When the states were in the process of criminal prosecution for foreclosures with fabricated documents ... Holder put enormous pressure on those states to drop those prosecutions ... and join Holder in the "deferred prosecution" with fines ... where the fines were funds that the too big to fail were to use to benefit victims of the illegal foreclosures. A lot of that money somehow went into corporations setup by former federal regulators that were supposedly to handle the victim aid funds ... but most of that money somehow manage to disappear with very little reaching the intended victims.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
Date: 10 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#37 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget

Note that the S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions. The economic mess was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis ... and just based on size, would have expected 2,100,000 criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions. However, the economic mess has had zero criminal referrals and zero criminal convictions ... which should be sufficient to establish that the regulatory agencies have been "captured" by wallstreet.

A major difference between S&L crises and economic mess last decade is that wall street managed to perfect their stranglehold on the regulatory agencies ... which also allows them to branch out into large number of other kinds of illegal activity

Another example of the difference between the S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
and stranglehold that wallstreet managed to obtain on washington and the regulatory agencies last decade ... is the author of the LIBOR article, bill black,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
was the S&L examiner that got Keating (who at one point wrote a memo to "kill black") and also documented activities of the "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five

By comparison ... this is account of the senior large bank examinar and head of large bank examination at FDIC ... caught the activities of WaMu early last decade and reported it up through the chair of FDIC. He was then demoted and then let go. He instituted a federal whistleblower action that somehow keeps getting sidetracked
http://www.amazon.com/American-Betrayal-ebook/dp/B00BKZ02UM/

WaMu was allowed to continue their activities until it blew up with all the others in the economic mess ... the people allowed to walk away and WaMu is taken over by Chase.

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 12 Jul 2015 10:56:25 -0700
hancock4 writes:
ComputerWorld reported that GM has announced that it will be offering a way for parents to track their teens' driving behavior in order to help cut down on accidents.

for article please see:

http://www.computerworld.com/article/2943860/emerging-technology/gm-to-offer-teen-driver-tracking-to-parents.html

IMHO, this is too 1984. They already have tracking systems for drivers by insurance companies, and it could get worse.


frequently they publicize such atuff as obfuscation and misdirection away from gov. monitoring (along the lines of TSA stories about confiscating fingernail clippers)/ There is also the resurgence of the crypto-war stuff

Compromised encryption is a threat to national security
http://www.infoworld.com/article/2941679/federal-regulations/compromised-encryption-is-a-threat-to-national-security.html
FBI chief warns that terrorists hide behind encrypted communications
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2944914/fbi-chief-warns-that-terrorists-hide-behind-encrypted-communications.html
Encryption backdoors: A bad idea then, a bad idea now
http://www.infoworld.com/article/2945033/encryption/encryption-backdoors-bad-idea-then-bad-idea-now-say-scientists.html
Crypto Experts Blast Gov't Backdoors For Encryption
http://it.slashdot.org/story/15/07/07/1544247/crypto-experts-blast-govt-backdoors-for-encryption
Security experts report against federal proposals to ban hard encryption
http://www.businessinsider.com/security-experts-report-against-federal-proposals-to-ban-hard-encryption-2015-7
FBI Director: Encryption Is Great As Long As It Lets Us In
http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2015/07/fbi-director-encryption-great-long-it-lets-us/116998/

I've periodically mentioned realizing in the 80s about there being 3 kinds of crypto ... recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality

And then in the 90s having to go to "key escrow" meetings and managed to establish that could escrow private keys used for authentication and identification ... because it violates fundamental security pricinples about associating activity with specific person (and no other person). they then whined about people cheating and using authentication keys for encryption. did have a business case for companies escrowing secret keys for encrypting corporate assets ... as "no-single-point-of-failure". however, once they couldn't have *ALL* keys ... interest seemed to wane.

recent post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#25 FBI wants 'legislative fix' on device encryption

however, I've also critized identification and authenticaiton being confused (and possibility gov. agencies even promoted some of the confustion) ... recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#9 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally

at

International Engagement on CYBER 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014

director was taking questions, and i was going to bring it up, but he had to leave before I got to the head of the queue

Commander: U.S. Military Not Ready for Cyber Warfare; Gen. Alexander tells Senate threat of major cyber attacks is growing
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/commander-u-s-military-not-ready-for-cyber-warfare/

but at panel discussion with former director and his former assistant director ... and taking questions ... where I did manage to bring up ... but the assistant director side-tracked the discussion with non-repudiation and other stuff (not the first time I've had the discussion with the agency periodically in the past). from pain/cain security acronym
privacy/confidentiality
authentication
identification
non-repudiation


...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Expand-down v. expand-up stack

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Expand-down v. expand-up stack
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 13 Jul 2015 21:49:18 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Of course, the System/360, which was a rather secure machine, avoided the problem entirely by not having a stack. Each program that called other programs simply had its own save area, not connected with the save area of the program that called it.

calling program provided register save area for use by called program ... simple case was static area within the calling area ... but didn't support any sort of recursion.

call/save/return conventions from gcard ios3270 ... q&d html conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#50

as mentioned, reentrant (&/or r/o image) required dynamic allocation (in lieu of embedded statis area) ... which tended to be an extremely high-overhead system call.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Gov. Security

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Gov. Security
Date: 14 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
Gov. Security
https://www.politicopro.com/go/?id=49904
"The rush to information sharing wasn't just about connecting the dots on counterterrorism. Many information security specialists say it's easier to secure information in one place rather than in multiple places and consolidated systems are typically cheaper and more efficient. Consolidated systems are also a much juicier target for adversaries, though. And when they're outdated or poorly secured as the OPM cache was, they can leave the government especially vulnerable to a major breach."

... snip ...

It's cheaper (more profit) for the private-equity subsidiaries that are running the operations ... like in wake of the snowden affair they found that the private-equity subsidiaries doing security clearances were filling out the paperwork but not actually doing any checks. The OPM contractor is another private equity subsidiary. Snowmen's employer was private-equity subsidiary

Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

last decade saw enormous upswing in gov. outsourcing to for-profit companies ... Spies like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

companies in the private-equity mill are under enormous pressure to turn a dime every way possible. In the wake of the snowden (employed by a private-equity subsidiary) affair, they found that the private-equity subsidiaries doing security clearances were filling out the paper work ... but not actually doing the work. OPM's contractor also company in the private-equity mill

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

A Look Inside The Pentagon's Cyber Boot Camp
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2015/07/a-look-inside-pentagons-cyber-boot-camp.html
WNU Editor: The problem for the Pentagon is that they can never compete against private industry for the best cyber-specialists that are out there unless they appeal to their patriotism and sense of duty.

.... snip ...

During Internet bubble, army was paying sysadmins something like $30k, while silicon valley was paying $120k ... part of the reason saw lots of outsourcing last decade (Snowden was sysadmin working for private-equity subsidiary).

private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
Date: 14 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/no-the-f-35-can-t-fight-at-long-range-either-5508913252dd

appendix 3 looks in detail at lots of the claims for F117
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134
Lockheed, the primary contractor for the F-117, claimed after the war that "During the first 24 hours [of the air campaign], 30 F-117s struck 37 high value targets, inflicting damage that collapsed Saddam Hussein's air defense system and all but eliminated Iraq's ability to wage coordinated war. The concept of modern air warfare had been changed forever."

..
In sum, the claim that the F-117s were responsible for collapsing the IADS on the first night appears open to question because (1) the F-117s did not hit 40 percent of their tasked targets on the first night and (2) of the 11 IADS-related targets attacked by F-117s and assessed by DIA, 8 were assessed as needing additional strikes. In addition, the Missions database shows that 167 other platforms (such as A-10s, F-4Gs, and F/A-18s) also struck 18 air defense-related targets (IOCs, SOCs, and radars) on the first night

..
Moreover, Air Force intelligence assessments of the extent to which the IADS was operating in the first few days of the war do not support the assertion that the system was "collapsed" during the first few hours of the first night. Daily intelligence summaries prepared during the war, called DAISUMs, characterized the IADS on the third day of the campaign as "crippled but information is still being passed" and "evidence of degradation of the Iraqi C2 network is beginning to show."

US legal action against Lockheed for fraud in F22 stealth coating from 1995 through at least 1999
http://www.contractormisconduct.org/ass/contractors/38/cases/1203/1686/lockheed-martin-olsen_complaint.pdf

Besides the embellishment regarding F117 during desert storm and f22 stealth coating fraud ... there is F22 corrosion blamed on design problems because the required environmental tests were radically cut
http://www.defense-aerospace.com/article-view/release/121194/gao-sees-serious-corrosion-risks-on-f_35-program.html
-- The length of the F-22 full-scale climatic test was cut in half, and the program office for the F-35 is currently considering reducing its full-scale climatic test.

-- The corrosion study concluded that, if the F-22 program had accomplished testing earlier in the program, many of the corrosion problems could have been addressed at greatly reduced cost and the associated readiness issues avoided. If the F-35 conducts tests that are planned and conducted properly and in full, these tests could reveal many corrosion-susceptible areas on the aircraft.

Given its experience with corrosion-relate issued on the F-22, it is more than just surprising that Lockheed Martin should have adopted such a lackadaisical approach to corrosion risks on the F-35 program.


... snip ...

as referenced upthread, the GAO report is much more accurate account of what happened .... appendix 3 looks in detail at lots of the claims for F117 (and refutes some of the more grandiose claims, including by Lockheed)
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

well, not exactly, note that OPM head resigns over breaches ... what about the CEOs of these companies

FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, -35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/
Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951

also related breach articles about F35 would be going up against an advisory's F35 look-alike, while it is possible it would be a F22 look-alike ... although from a starting point with decade+ newer technology

also note that increasingly advanced technology is increasingly touted with regard to being computing and software .... however these breaches would imply that we are already badly trailing in that area

China is ramping up fast for advanced planes (both military and commercial) ... starting with presses ... ours date from the 50s (50,000 ton)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_Press_Program

china built the largest in the world (80,000 ton) in 2007
http://www.chinatechgadget.com/china-building-worlds-largest-press-forge.html

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad

Internet threats are just a small part. Boyd used millions of dollars of supercomputer time for E/M and F16 design, F16 was already part way to being a drone with "fly-by-wire", F22 has 1.7M lines-of-code, F35 was originally suppose to be 5.7M lines-of-code but has exploded now to 24M lines-of-code. Software plays major role in gov. dataprocessing modernization failures and the spreading Success Of Failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Pentagon Contractors Rank Below Retailers and Banks When it Comes to Cybersecurity
http://www.fedcyber.com/2015/07/06/pentagon-contractors-rank-below-retailers-and-banks-when-it-comes-to-cybersecurity/
Pentagon Contractors Rank Below Retailers and Banks When it Comes to Cybersecurity
http://www.nextgov.com/cybersecurity/2015/07/pentagon-contractors-ranked-below-retailers-and-banks-when-it-comes-cybersecurity/116899/

it didn't say that gigabytes of data walked away over the internet ... difference between internet & SIPR is just obfuscation and misdirection.

FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, -35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/
Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951

Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them.
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

last decade saw enormous upswing in gov. outsourcing to for-profit companies ... Spies like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

companies in the private-equity mill are under enormous pressure to turn a dime every way possible. In the wake of the snowden (employed by a private-equity subsidiary) affair, they found that the private-equity subsidiaries doing security clearances were filling out the paper work ... but not actually doing the work. OPM's contractor also company in the private-equity mill

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/

They didn't say that the gigabytes of data walked away over a network ... so any difference between internet & SIPR wouldn't be relevant (although that doesn't say that some data hasn't walked away over the internet, even classified data when it has been inadvertently place on machine with internet connection).

on the other hand given the large number of information leak cases that we know about ... there would be high probability that there are many cases we don't know about ... as well as we might not know all there is to know about the ones that are public.

there is also fake military parts coming from china ... some of these could be things like physical parts that don't meet mil-spec standards and could fail under stress ... but it could also include electronic parts with back doors that leak information.

Probe finds 'flood' of fake military parts from China in U.S. equipment
http://security.blogs.cnn.com/2012/05/22/probe-finds-flood-of-fake-military-parts-from-china-in-u-s-equipment/

Many of the comments have been that our adversaries have little technology worth knowing ... so there would be little value in leaks coming our way. On the other hand there has been some past discussions that the whole F35 program may be a defective program for misleading our adversaries

If the F35 was a defective program ... it would have to be strongly defended as not being a defective program. Note that there is nothing inconsistent with a defective program also being an enormous money maker for the military-industrial complex at the same time as well as being part of Success Of Failure. If they are running a Success Of Failure scam ... they could also spin it as being misdirection for adversaries. In fact, enormous amount of money could be part of the cover for a defective program. Also if it is a defective program ... there is bigger need to defend it publicly to maintain the facade for the adversaries

But the F16 wasn't a trillion dollars and coming up on two decades (or three depending on how you count).

Claims are that Iraq learned from DS1 and were minimizing air strike targets. US Troops were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they go back, over million metric tons had disappeared ... starting showings up in IEDs, even taking out M1s. Later they find decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US from 80s (iran/iraq war) ... information is classified ... eventually showing up last fall

Iraq learned from DS1 to fight a war that does its best to negate air power advantage

US responds (to vietcong grab by belt to thwart air power) by making Laos the most bombed country in the world ... remember the secdef had been staff at end of ww2 firebombing cities ... old joke about if all you have is a hammer ... you got to bomb something

Burton aggressively cuts the cost of A10 30mm shells to @$13 ... GAO report has 1m used in desert storm or $13M ... military-industrial complex would starve on $13M war. 2010 CBO report has DOD baseline budget increased by a little over $2T the previous decade, $1+T for the two wars and $1+T that they can't find anything to show for. How do you make $1+T disappear??? ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war a href="submisc.html#perpetual.war">http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

recent refs to ww2 city firebombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#20 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers? --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
Date: 15 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Air Force B-1B pilots who dropped bombs on U.S. soldiers return to cockpit; No criminal charges despite investigation that found startling deficiencies
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/apr/20/air-force-returns-afghanistan-friendly-fire-crew-t/?page=all

GAO desert storm air effectiveness report also raises issue of friendly fire casualties with the A10 maverick missiles.

Burton proposed mini-A10 that could be forward deployed and serviced. Makes loiter time less of issue because transit time is less of issue.

As an aside ... they were loosing so many Bradleys (and M1s) here (described as worse than fallujah, but because administration said things were better, got little press)
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

that they were getting mothballed Bradley as replacements which had incompatible communication/electronics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M2_Bradley#M2A3

Burton eventually forced out for standing up to the military-industrial complex regarding the Bradley
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning pentagon wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#1 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#6 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#66 fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil

recent posts mentioning baqubah
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#37 C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption

regarding upthread assertion that the enormous boatload of looted classified weapon systems info didn't make it out of the country

Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter Design data on F-35 stolen in 2007
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/mar/13/f-35-secrets-now-showing-chinas-stealth-fighter/?page=all
Top Official Admits F-35 Stealth Fighter Secrets Stolen
http://breakingdefense.com/2013/06/top-official-admits-f-35-stealth-fighter-secrets-stolen/

but it wasn't just F-35 details that they got.

International Engagement on CYBER 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014

director was taking questions, and i was going to bring up some things, but he had to leave before I got to the head of the queue

Commander: U.S. Military Not Ready for Cyber Warfare; Gen. Alexander tells Senate threat of major cyber attacks is growing
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/commander-u-s-military-not-ready-for-cyber-warfare/

I did get to ask later panel (that had former director and a former deputy director) ... but they managed to sidetrack the discussion to different topic. I've had that problem before, somewhat along the lines of the Success Of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

I'm usually more closely aligned with the other side of the house ... TD for information assurance directorate asks me to be on assurance panel in the trusted computing track at IDF ... gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

facebook swizzles the trailing +s13 in the URL to %20s13 ... which has to be changed back to +s13. Also govexec seems to have robo-click countermeasure ... first time frequently serves up blank page have to frequently repeat to get actual page

I think focus on F35 secrets says more about US news spin ... misdirection away from anything that isn't F35.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifth-generation_jet_fighter#China
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chengdu_J-20

Confirmation that China stole F35, F22 and B2 stealth bomber secrets as early as 2007
http://nextbigfuture.com/2015/01/confirmation-that-china-stole-f35-f22.html
Chinese Hackers Score F-35, Black Hawk Chopper, and PATRIOT Missile Data
http://www.dailytech.com/Chinese+Hackers+Score+F35+Black+Hawk+Chopper+and+PATRIOT+Missile+Data/article31638.htm
FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, -35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
Date: 15 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Our capitalists are mostly out to loot everybody ... and can even be blamed for the rise of Putin.

Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

loc1124:
The actual content of the military doctrine of 1993 reflected the Yeltsin administration's hopes for a strategic partnership with the West and presented a relatively benign picture of the external security environment confronting Russia

... snip ...

Some of the same people were then involved US economic mess ... so can you blame Putin on Harvard?

not everbody involved were into looting russia, I talked to somebody that was looking at putting in 5000 banks all around the country @1M, $5B total, but involved complex financial deal where russia sold oil to japan, japan sold something to Brazil and Brazil sold something to US.

"How Harvard lost Russia" also has overtones of "economic hitman" ... which also has boston/cambridge setting
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
and
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266

We have why or why not china might be an advisory, I thot it useful to not forget Russia. More detailed discussion of "real" stealth, f35 stealth, and russian radar
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html
The second major departure from established stealth conventions is that the Joint Strike Fighter is designed to perform in the X-band, and upper portions of the S-band, with little effort expended in optimizing for the lower L-band, UHF-band and VHF-band. This design strategy is consistent with defeating mobile battlefield short range point defence SAM and AAA systems such as the SA-8 Gecko, SA-9 Gaskin, Chapparel, Crotale, Roland, SA-15 Gauntlet, SA-19 Grison and SA-22 "Greyhound", where limited radar antenna size forces all acquisition and engagement functions into the X-band and upper S-band. Joint Strike Fighter literature refers to this optimization in terms of "breaking the kill chain", the intent being to deny the effective use of X-band engagement radars and X/Ku-Band missile seekers, but not acquisition radars in lower bands.

Such SAM systems are the category of "residual" threat which a battlefield interdiction aircraft will encounter once the F-22A force has "snanitized" an area by destroying the long range search/acquisition radars and area defence SAM batteries. With limited range and coverage footprint, but high mobility and autonomous capability, battlefield short range point defence SAM and AAA systems can "pop-up" from hidden locations and ambush interdiction aircraft at medium to low altitudes. Significantly, in a "sanitized" environment such air defence weapons are operating without external support from other sensors or the top cover provided by long range area defence SAMs such as the SA-12/23, SA-20 and SA-21.


... snip ...

standard obfuscation and mis-direction ... anyway, also reference the the aus airpower author:

Stealth technology and the counter-stealth response
http://www.airforce-technology.com/features/feature128011/
China's Jet Fighter Surprise
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/chinas-jet-fighter-surprise-e7dd4741d89f
Russia's Stealth Fighter Could Match U.S. Jets, Analyst Says
http://www.wired.com/2012/11/russia-stealth/
The J-20 Gets More Stealthy And Lethal; The F-35 Is Already Obsolete
http://defence.pk/threads/the-j-20-gets-more-stealthy-and-lethal-the-f-35-is-already-obsolete.363127/
American Innovation: Threat Analysis of Foreign Stealth Fighters Part I: Chengdu J-20
http://manglermuldoon.blogspot.com/2012/05/threat-analysis-of-foreign-stealth.html
The Power: What China's New J-20 Stealth Fighter Means for the F-35 JSF and F/A-18E/F Super Hornet
http://ezli007.blogspot.com/2011/04/what-chinas-new-j-20-stealth-fighter.html
J-20 5th Generation Fighter
http://www.worlddefence.com/threads/j-20-5th-generation-fighter.20/page-10
The J-20 Gets More Stealthy And Lethal; The F-35 Is Already Obsolete
http://www.conservativedailynews.com/2014/03/the-j-20-gets-more-stealthy-and-lethal-the-f-35-is-already-obsolete/
The F-105 Was the F-35 of the Vietnam Era
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-f-105-was-the-f-35-of-the-vietnam-era-51863811024a

"military-industrial(-congressional) complex"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Jul 2015 09:27:15 -0700
hancock4 writes:
While I am not so thrilled about the management talents of the steel industry, I must give them credit for assuming massive risk in building a brand new steel mill. Those things require enormous amounts of land, inward and outward transportation, labor, and raw material supply, all of which must be acquired and coordinated for a new mill to function economically.

then there is the railroad barons ... got govs. to issue bonds for the construction, as well as lots of other benefits ... and then declared bankruptcy to avoid having to pay off the bonds ... and walked away with all the money.

most recent there is Harvard that was to turn Russia into capitalist country ... but actually went in to loot the country ... which can be credited with giving rise to Putin.

John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

recent posts referencing "How Harvard lost Russia"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

"How Harvard lost Russia" also has overtones of "economic hitman" ... which also has boston/cambridge setting
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
and
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266

recent posts referencing "economic hitman" (capitalists out to loot the world)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

past refs to railroad barons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
Date: 17 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Chinese Radar May Pierce F-35 Stealth Armor: Report
http://defensetech.org/2014/07/31/chinese-radar-may-pierce-f-35-stealth-armor-report/
The stealth coating on the U.S.-made fifth-generation fighters shields the aircraft from high-frequency radars operating in the Ku, X and C bands and some of the S band, but not from low-frequency systems utilizing L, UHF and VHF wavelengths, according to an article by Dave Majumdar at USNI News.

China and Russia are now working to develop low-frequency radars with more computing power designed to track stealth aircraft with more precision -- enough to target them with a missile, according to the report, citing an unnamed former senior U.S. Navy official.


... snip ...

Chinese and Russian Radars On Track To See Through U.S. Stealth
http://news.usni.org/2014/07/29/chinese-russian-radars-track-see-u-s-stealth
"Acquisition and fire control radars are starting to creep down the frequency spectrum," a former senior U.S. Navy official told USNI News on Monday. With improved computing power, low frequency radars are getting better and better at discerning targets more precisely.

...
Chinese warships like the Type 52C Luyang II and Type 52D Luyang III have both high and low frequency radars, the former official said.

...
Nor will the Navy's vaunted Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air (NIFC-CA) do much to help the situation. Firstly, given the proliferation of low frequency radars, there are serious questions about the ability of the F-35C's survivability against the toughest of air defenses, the former official said.

... snip ...

visual from ausairpower
http://www.ausairpower.net/XIMG/JSF-RCS-Qualitative-A-XLVHF.png

other aus
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2008-08.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-JSF-Analysis.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-030309-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-05072010-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-070109-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-110409-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-150208-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-160407-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-190209-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-290309-1.html
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html

oh and

China lays out its home-grown supercomputer chips after Intel x86 ban
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/07/15/china_supercomputer_chips/
DSPs are frequently used in embedded military applications, including remote sensing, radar, and other activities -- and Lu did tell the group this week that NUDT has had extensive experience with DSPs.

... snip ...

This is discussion that there isn't a stealth coating for VHF
http://www.engineering.com/DesignerEdge/DesignerEdgeArticles/ArticleID/8186/New-Radar-Techniques-Could-Foil-Advanced-Stealth-Designs.aspx

but using combination of lower frequency for acquisition ... know where to look ... and then use higher frequency for targeting (ausairpower have had articles that go into much more detail). However, the other activity is using significantly more computing power to obtain better location precision from lower frequency radar (china has most powerful supercomputer on the planet using large number of chips ... but they are now also starting to build their own much more powerful chips ... of the kind that are also usable in radar targeting systems).

The USNI (& other) on the low/high frequency radar refs are from Jan2014. Chinese new generation of computer DSPs provide the computer power to transition from not just using low frequency for location to hand off to high frequency for targeting (and new generation of Chinese destroyers with both low&high frequency radar) ... but starting to use low frequency for targeting. The "perpetual war" scenario is to keep congress (and the public) confused so as to not interrupt the flow of money ... which would explain the efforts to discredit the ausairpower low/high frequency articles from last decade.

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
"military-industrial(-congressional) complex"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

All the articles about chinese high-tech ... walking all over US cybersecurity, having largest supercomputers on the planet, latest DSP processors, etc ... would imply that the F35 won't be the only planes on the planet sporting such capability (in fact, isn't all that different from being able to network and coordinate large numbers of different radar and missile systems across a large number of different platforms).

New U.S. Stealth Jet Can't Hide From Russian Radar; America's gazillion-dollar Joint Strike Fighter is supposed to go virtually unseen when flying over enemy turf. But that's not how things are working out.
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/04/28/new-u-s-stealth-jet-can-t-hide-from-russian-radar.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 17 Jul 2015 12:46:17 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Particularly Stephen's definition. The definition _must_ include all programs that are considered by all participants in this thread to be welfare programs.

corporate welfare and tax loopholes dwarf everything else possibly by order or magnitude.

recent item

Obama Administration Finds New Way to Let Criminal Banks Avoid Consequences
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/07/15/obama-administration-finds-new-way-let-criminal-banks-avoid-consequences/

posts mentioning too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jul 2015 10:29:31 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
Expect another big government investment in infrastructure. Possibly Obama's last year or the next president's first year.

To be 'shovel ready' the paperwork needs doing in advance. Planning the new roads and buildings, followed by obtaining planning permission and getting quotes from contractors.


Then from the law of unintended consequences of the gov. diverting infrastructure funding for decades ... 2nd order effects was the lack of civil engineering jobs, the lack of civil engineering jobs resulted in shutting down univ. civil engineering programs which resulted in few civil engineers. Many of the programs that resulted in actuallly funding infrastructure projects were being forced to hire chinese civil enginneering companies.

the lack of infrastructure funding dates back to administration in the 80s which also is credited with the looting of the SS Trust Fund (turning it into ponzi scheme) wonder where all the money disappeared. This was also during the period when the VP (and former head of CIA) said that he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html
then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

then last decade, one of his son presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis.

quote attributable to Volcker from Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President pg290
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'

... snip ...

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#47 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#63 The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#67 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#30 24/7/365 appropriateness was Re: IBMLink outages in 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#48 Owl: China Swamps US Across the Board -- Made in China Computer Chips Have Back Doors, 45 Other "Ways & Means" Sucking Blood from US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#77 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#6 Good article. Friday discussion type
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#29 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#3 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#33 War or Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#105 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#80 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#76 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jul 2015 10:37:56 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

the money last time was also frequently diverted by states for other purposes.

cms had program that if states passed legislation reducing medicaid fraud, the federal gov. would increase matching funds, reducing state portion by 20%. Several states wouldn't pass the legislation (because the medicaid lobbying/bribing was too strong) and also diverted federal stimulas funds into covering state portion of medicaid.

federal medicaid percent increase would be more than offset by reduction in fraud ... but that would have hit medicaid industry (cms offer wasn't putting any money directly into the pockets of members of state legislatures ... but the medicaid industry was pouring money into their pockets).

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#71 "Rat Your Boss" or "Rats to Riches," the New SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#31 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#81 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#66 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The joy of simplicity?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The joy of simplicity?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 18 Jul 2015 11:45:37 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
CP/CMS (and VM/360) represent a very secure system. By default a user and anything he runs in his machine can't affect anything else. Unix and windows represented the other extreme, where security had to be added on to a fairly open system. The two extremes have been moving toward each other, but it seems that it's safer to start from the VM Side of the equation and only very carefully allow sharing of anything.

cp67/vm370 had a DDOS attack ... also cp67/vm370 for sharing had to carefully relax some of the restrictions under tight control.

the virtual machine based commercial online service bureaus did a lot of that starting in the early 60s. the two original spin-offs ... also quickly moved up the value stream into financial information and services .... even simultaneously hosting competing wallstreet organizations on the same machines (effectively providing software based air-gaping)

the early DDOS attack involved channel i/o programming. while processor had partitioned memory and instruction streams ... the supervisor would take virtual machine channel i/o program and make a shadow copy ... translating the virtual addresses into real addresses and then initiate the "shadow program" (effectively the same as the original except for the addresses). This would allow initiating never-ending looping channel programs that would hang the channel, controller, and device. Since channels, controllers, and even devices could be shared across multiple virtual machines ... which would lock other users.

The countermeasure was severely restrict kinds of i/o programs that were acceptable for normal users (needing special privileges and/or dedicated resources for running unrestricted i/o programs).

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

these guys were supposedly using stuff I was doing as an undergraduate ... but I didn't learn about them until much later (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

cp67/cms from the cambridge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

also where GML was invented in 1969 (decade later morphs into iso standard sgml, and another decade into html)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

and the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late 85 or early 86)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
Date: 18 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

From the law of unintended consequences, possibly 2nd order effects of the military-industrial complex shills discrediting integrated low/high frequency radar systems (trying to preserve the invisibility cloak myth) may result in our side not deploying such systems ... and then we can't see their planes when they see our planes.

Chinese and Russian Radars On Track To See Through U.S. Stealth
http://news.usni.org/2014/07/29/chinese-russian-radars-track-see-u-s-stealth
Chinese warships like the Type 52C Luyang II and Type 52D Luyang III have both high and low frequency radars, the former official said.

...
If you don't have the signature appropriate to that [radar], you're not going to be very survivable," he said. "The lower frequency radars can cue the higher frequency radars and now you're going to get wacked."

... snip ...

""military-industrial(-congressional) complex"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jul 2015 10:22:21 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
There were articles in National Geographic about it. A Large part of the Japanese Army was in China during the war, very cruel. A documentary on that raid on Tokyo recently detailed what happened to the Chinese that helped the US airmen. Not good. Another was about Phillipinos who suffered under the Japanes that were brought to Japan, and couldn't believe that it was the same people who treated so badly. The answer, of course, is racism.

"The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949" highlights that in WW2, Japan had over 2/3rds of its military resources deployed on mainland China (not against the US; and also that Germany had 3/4ths of its military resources deployed against the Soviets) ... which would have made it easier for the US to deploy overwhelming resources against the enemy it was facing.

However, in 1944, Roosevelt had the strategic bombing survey (2/3rds of WW2 spending went to air program and half that went to strategic bombing) which found that strategic bombing contributed little or nothing to the war effort. After that, LeMay starts fire bombing german cities (possibly trying to demonstrate strategic bombing was useful for somehting) ... and then went on to fire bomb 66 Japanese cities. McNamara was on his staff doing city fire bombing planning and analysis.

In the 2003 documentary The Fog of War, McNamara recalled the firebombing of Tokyo on March 9, 1945: "In that single night, we burned to death a hundred thousand Japanese civilians in Tokyo--men, women, and children." After the war, General LeMay said to McNamara: "If we'd lost the war we'd all have been prosecuted as war criminals."

After the war, McNamara left to become one of the whiz kids at Ford. However he came back as SECDEF for Vietnam War ... when Laos becomes the most bombed country in the world. recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction

past posts mentioning "the wars for asia"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#69 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#77 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#70 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#93 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#51 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

past posts mentioning strategic bombing survey:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#92 Off topic screeds (was Re: Friden Flexowriter equipment series)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#40 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#82 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jul 2015 11:25:37 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
Putting a value on capital is _very_ difficult. This is why the stock exchanges keep having valuations going up and down all the time.

HFT has accelerated (us) stock exchanges being transactions and volitility (not value) ... claims that the HFT manipulation have been forcing normal/value traders out of the market. HFT gaming the system to turn profit on change (both going up and down).

before HFT really kicks in ... wallstreet has nothing to fear from SEC for illegal activity
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

The end of capitalism has begun
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jul/17/postcapitalism-end-of-capitalism-begun

In this period the VP (and former head of CIA) said that he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

then last decade, one of his sons presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis. An indication that wallstreet perfected its stranglehold on washington and the regulatory agencies was that in the S&L crisis there were 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions. In the economic mess (70 times larger), there has been *NO* criminal referrals (or convictions)

this 2008 article has appeared and then disappeared behind paywall and then reappeared.
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/coming-soon-securitization-with-a-new-improved-and-perhaps-safer-face/
Linneman figures that 1,000 CEOs are accountable for about 80% of the current lending mess. If the government were to spend $10 billion to restore liquidity to the market in nine months with only 1,000 people losing their jobs, it would be the best investment it could make to restore the economy. "I'm only half-kidding," he quips.

... snip ....

Federal Reserve fought long hard legal battle trying to prevent public release that it was providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds to the too big to fail. Afterwards, Fed chairman claims he thot TBTF would use ZIRP funds to lend to mainstreet, but they didn't and he had no way to force them to, but that didn't stop the flow of funds. Not the chairman supposedly was at least partially selected because he was great depression scholar ... where the FED tried something similar and wallstreet acted the same way they did this time.

Current estimate that the too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) have been fined a total of $300B since the economic mess (not just for mortgage and securities fraud, but also money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, and commodities markets, tax evasion, etc), but are clearing $300B/yr off ZIRP funds (separate from the enormous profits they are making from their other illegal activity).

TBTF (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

recent posts mentioning HFT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jul 2015 17:31:45 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Japanese industry was largely small-scale and located in the cities, mixed up with the residential areas. There were few large industrial sites off by themselves to bomb.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

but they already knew from Germany experience that they were unable to reliable hit even large military plants ... they needed a fairly large city to guarantee that they would be able to actually hit it ... which also dictated the switch from explosive bombs to fire bombs.

"military-industrial(-congressional) complex"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

first problem they had in germany was location of the military plants ... fortunately there was detailed location and plans on wallstreet from those that were involved in rebuilding germany economy and military in the 20s & 30s (they didn't have equivalent source of information for japan).

the next problem they had was they claimed that they didn't need long range fighter escorts, that all resources could go into building large strategic bombers (having not learned anything from the german experience in the battle of britain).

finally, they found that they had nothing close to precision bombing from the heights that strategic bombing flew ... which possibly was motivation to move to fire bombing really large targets (like large cities, nearly impossible to miss hitting something).

recent references to using high flying strategic bombing for omaha beach was total failure, german defenses were intact ... while they used lower flying attack bombing for utah beach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#62 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction

recent references to getting german military locations from wallstreet for strategic bombing targets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jul 2015 17:33:54 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
I read that the Japanese were looking at the American "wild west", and considering China and the Chinese the same way we considered the great plains and the indians. Of course, being Japanese, they were more thorough and organized.

they also had help and training from the British which had a much longer history and experience in such activities.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 19 Jul 2015 23:26:59 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
they also had help and training from the British which had a much longer history and experience in such activities.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

How China got rid of opium
http://www.sacu.org/opium.html
This all changed in the 1770s, when England conquered India and Burma. Britain needed large sums of money to colonise these two vast tracts of land, and opium was the answer. Taxes levied on the product brought in the much needed revenue while Britain's merchant ships carried it to the most convenient market: China.

... snip ...

more recently ... US gets into it

U.S. Occupation Leads to All-Time High Afghan Opium Production Drug War? American Troops Are Protecting Afghan Opium
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2013/11/us-drug-afgahnistan-opium.html

and from today on Zakaria GPS

GPS Web Extra: Will "El Chapo" ever be recaptured?
http://www.cnn.com/videos/tv/2015/07/18/exp-gps-0719-keefe-web-extra.cnn

Keefe mentions that members of the drug cartels have said that they spend only half their effort figuring out how to get the drugs into the US, the other half of the effort is figuring out how to get the (tens, hundreds of) billions back into Mexico.

The first time I remember seeing references to too big to prosecute (and too big to jail) applied to TBTF was in reports that TBTF were (repeated) money laundering for drug cartels (and terrorists) and not being shutdown and doing jail time ... also attributing the TBTF money laundering responsible for the uptic in violence because the money enabling the acquisition of advanced military weapons.

TBTF (too big to prosecure, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-jail
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

past posts mentioning afghan opium
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#69 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#96 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#43 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#46 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#81 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2015 00:37:20 -0700
"kshy" <kshy@gmail.com> writes:
They aren't too big to prosecute, HSBC got royally shafted for doing it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#56 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

they get fined and "deferred prosecution" ... sometimes repeatedly
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deferred_prosecution

but the joke is that relative to the amounts involved the fines are starting to be viewed as price of doing business.

Whistleblower believes HSBC still money-laundering; Scandal could sink Obama's pick for attorney general
http://www.wnd.com/2015/02/whistleblower-believes-hsbc-still-money-laundering/

HSBC Is Deemed Slow to Carry Out Changes
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/02/business/dealbook/us-says-hsbc-needs-to-step-up-on-compliance.html
HSBC, the giant British bank accused of laundering money for drug cartels and transferring funds for Iran and other blacklisted nations, avoided criminal prosecution in 2012 by promising to clean up its act.

....
The filing, made in federal court in Brooklyn as part of a quarterly update on the bank's progress after the 2012 deferred-prosecution agreement, showed just how far HSBC needed to go. Progress has been "too slow," the filing said, summarizing the work of Michael Cherkasky, the independent monitor who has been scrutinizing HSBC's operations for more than a year.

... snip ...

HSBC could lose deferred prosecution agreement
http://nypost.com/2015/06/01/hsbc-still-playing-with-fire-prosecutors/
Prosecutors have been going after HSBC, the largest UK bank by assets, for failing to clean up its act after it admitted to laundering money for Mexican drug lords and terrorists.

... snip ...

TBTF (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-prosecute
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

recent posts mentioning deferred prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#80 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#37 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
Date: 29 July 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#51 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

note that the extensive cyber breach of US military projects ... has somewhat focused on China using the information for building a single engine stealth (like F35), ... but fewer references to two engine stealth (like F22). There is also less discussion that they can use the design specifications to better adapt their radar. Prototype look-alikes are not only useful for looking at what to improve ... but also for testing anti-stealth radar. The newer, advanced DSP chips can also significantly improve radar detection.

F-35 compared to Russian, Chinese stealth fighters
http://www.news.com.au/technology/innovation/f-35-in-new-dogfight-over-chinese-russian-stealth-fighter-advances/story-fnpjxnlk-1227181998650
F-35 in new dogfight over Chinese, Russian stealth technology
http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/special-features/f-35-in-new-dogfight-over-chinese-russian-stealth-technology/story-fnknbqfx-1227177399053?nk=3a41155782d81cd15f60be94c8c00cae-1437266153
Chinese Air Chief Tells Lockheed 'I Love' The F-35
http://breakingdefense.com/2014/05/chinese-air-chief-tells-lockheed-i-love-the-f-35/
Officials: Chinese Spying Helped Develop Stealth Jet
http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/China-cyberspying-F-35-stealth-jet/2014/03/13/id/559402/
Snowden: Chinese hackers stole F-35 fighter jet blueprints
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/snowden-chinese-hackers-stole-f-35-fighter-jet-blueprints-article-1.2084888
PLA's new destroyer could bring down F-35 stealth fighter|WCT
http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20140509000110
China/Russia Radars On Track To Defeat U.S. Stealth Technology Fortuna's Corner
http://fortunascorner.com/2014/07/31/chinarussia-radars-on-track-to-defeat-u-s-stealth-technology/
China's Cyber-Theft Jet Fighter
http://www.wsj.com/articles/chinas-cyber-theft-jet-fighter-1415838777
Comparing Chengdu J-20 with F-22, F-35 and Su-PAK FA or T-50
http://www.defenceaviation.com/2011/01/comparing-chengdu-j-20-with-f-22-f-35-and-su-pak-fa-or-t-50.html
Northerntruthseeker: The Lougheed Martin F-35 Flying Lemon Boondoggle: When Will People Understand That STEALTH Does NOT Work, Period!
http://northerntruthseeker.blogspot.com/2015/04/the-lougheed-martin-f-35-flying-lemon.html

Chinese Anti-Stealth VHF Radar
https://www.ab9il.net/aviation/chinese-anti-stealth-vhf-radar.html
The Zuhai Air Show in 2014 shed some light on the new Chinese radar system. On display was the JY-26 VHF / UHF phased array radar, said to be capable of detecting F-22 and B-2 aircraft. One thing odd about the system photographed is that the array seems small. I believe that there is another phased array system, not on display, which can effectively work at a 2.6 meter wavelength. That would match my personal observations on the aeronautical mobile communications band. Such an antenna would resemble a flat billboard 50 to 100 percent larger than the JY-26 radar antenna. It doesn't have to be monstrous like the American PAVE PAWS

... snip ...

Target location method based on distributed coherent process for meterwave MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) radars
http://www.chnpat.com/CN05/201210066881.html
The present invention belongs to the field of signal processing, and further relates to the technical field of radar coherent processing based on distributed MIMO radar target location method. This method can be used to improve the measurement accuracy of VHF radar to achieve the target for early warning from the right role stealth stealth targets to be positioned on the role of the upgrade, and is applicable to non-Gaussian noise environment, and compared with existing methods to reduce the amount of computation.

... snip ...

Air Defence Radars
http://www.armada.ch/air-defence-radars/
• The gallium arsenide (GaAs) technology used by earlier Aesa radars is being replaced by gallium nitride (GaN). • The use of GaN technology, which can run at higher operating temperatures than GaAs, can allow a switch from liquid cooling to air cooling.

... snip ...

JY-26 - China's new counter stealth radar
http://defense-update.com/20141111_jy-26-chinas-new-counter-stealth-radar.html
Chinese designers at the Airshow China claim the JY-26 radar has already spotted the US Air Force most advanced stealth fighter - the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter, as it flew in South Korea on recent exercises.

... snip ...

British attempt to defeat Chinese counter-stealth radar
http://defence.pk/threads/british-attempt-to-defeat-chinese-counter-stealth-radar.303783/
How stealthy is the F-35 << Defense Issues
https://defenseissues.wordpress.com/2013/10/19/how-stealthy-is-the-f-35/
Looking Inside Scanned-Array Radar Signal Processing
https://www.altera.com/solutions/technology/system-design/articles/_2013/scanned-radar-signal-processing.html
Passive radar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passive_radar
Multistatic radar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multistatic_radar
PAVE PAWS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAVE_PAWS

so going on 20yrs into the F35 program, since it will be the only plane, the solution is how to jerryrig it so that it is useful for something.

i've periodically conjectured that the military-industrial complex has used computing wargaming technology for finding new ways to maximize profits ... like the increasing Success Of Failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

not just Eisenhower, but also Napoleon; Swords Around A Throne, pg557/loc12128-31
Contractors' habitual sins all derived from the single fact that they were in the business to make money and not to serve their country. When the army advanced, they seldom were prepared to move with it; if it was compelled to retreat, they would demand huge indemnities for large stocks of supplies that (they claimed) they had been forced to abandon.

... snip ...

China Destroyer Consolidates Innovations, Other Ship Advances
http://www.afcea.org/content/?q=china-destroyer-consolidates-innovations-other-ship-advances
Although the 052D is claimed to be the equal of U.S. Navy Aegis destroyers and cruisers, a couple of its new systems actually are comparable to the next-generation DDG 1000 or Flight III DDG 51. They are the hot/cold-launch universal VLS and the AESA radar, which is more versatile than the Aegis SPY-1 array. The associated Aegis software remains decades more advanced than the Chinese software, especially the new antiballistic missile and cooperative engagement capability missions capabilities.

... snip ...

some of this is wishful thinking ... they are making rapid advances in both hardware chips and software; in fact, they are increasingly the source for US components either directly or indirectly.

This also shows up in the articles about Chinese VHF radar.

early JAST/JSF justification basically has it as a cheap F22 knockoff ... then the time-worn military-industrial bait-and-switch tradition sets in with exploding schedule and bottom line.

Recently posted Stealth Countermeasures article
http://www.whale.to/b/stealth_countermeasures.html

claims that using smart computer technology could allow the F22 phased array with 2000 transmitter/receiver pairs to be reduced by nearly three orders of magnitude (with corresponding reduction in power). There is subthread indirectly referenced in numerous articles about sufficient platform size needed for the electrical generators required by all the equipment ... which is tied to capability and effectiveness. Latest generation of modern electronics can both significantly reduce the power requirements while improving precision and capability, allowing smaller platform size and/or more space for weapons. Smart computer technology is also claimed for increased precision and capability for Chinese VHF radar.

... and

Documents Published by WikiLeaks Reveal the NSA's Corporate Priorities
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/31871-documents-published-by-wikileaks-reveal-the-nsa-s-corporate-priorities
For example, who could forget the statement made by former NSA director Keith Alexander that Chinese cyber espionage represents the greatest transfer of wealth in history?

... snip ...

implying that Chinese walked away with weapons information that had cost the US trillions to develop. (of course just because it cost the US that much doesn't necessarily mean that it is worth that much)

Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failur
"military-industrial(-congressional) complex"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
"perpetual war"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2015 09:00:48 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
If people realize that their coworkers are going to prison for committing crimes they will have an 'aha' moment and quit doing the things their ex coworker did. Fines are not a suitable punishment for people who have a lot of money. And furthermore, the offenders don't even pay the fines, they are paid by someone else!

An organization cannot commit a crime. Once you recognize that a lot of other things fall into place.


In the economic mess, there was over $27T done in securitized mortgages&loans with individuals walking away with trillions and TBTF so far paying a total of only $300B in fines and penalties ... but that is not just for the fraudulent securitized loans, but also all the other illegal activty, manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, commodities, money laundering, etc. That gives rise to the jokes that the fines/penalties are just being viewed as cost of doing illegal business.

Economic mess was 70 times larger than S&L crises which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions ... so far for the economic mess there have been no criminal referrals nor criminal convictions (an indiciation that wallstreet has perfected their stanglehold on washington and the regulatory agencies).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley was to prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives (and auditors) would do jail time, however it requires SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't think that SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of fradulent financial filings ... even showing increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

It turns out as part of the economic mess, the executives also fiddled TBTF financial filings; fraud that is simpler and straight-forward to prosecute (and would also put them behind bars).

In the middle of last decade, I semi-facetiously asked why aren't the TBTF being prosecuted under RICO ... which allows confiscation of assets three times amount involved ... which would easily run to hundreds of trillions ... and solve all the govs. budget problems.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2015 09:54:31 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley was to prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives (and auditors) would do jail time, however it requires SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't think that SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of fradulent financial filings ... even showing increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#59 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

compared to trillions done by TBTF this is chump change ... but it would be a good test for SOX (and the guarantee that executives do jail time).

Toshiba inflated profits by $1.2 billion with top execs' knowledge: investigation
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/20/us-toshiba-accounting-idUSKCN0PU0E920150720

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2015 19:48:13 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
From your description, there was not even any negligence - no one told them that they need to do X to prevent money laundering, and yet they failed to do X. One possible conclusion is that the U.S. just wanted to disconnect its banking system from banking systems in countries rife with drug activity - but did not wish to do so explicitly to avoid diplomatic repercussions.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#47 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#56 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

various reports has HSBC wealth management group actively blocking AML enforcement (because they are making enormous amounts of money off illegal money laundering).

previously posted ref:

Whistleblower believes HSBC still money-laundering Scandal could sink Obama's pick for attorney general
"About six months ago, I called some of my friends at the bank and found out the same bank employees that were involved in the money laundering before I was fired are still there," he said.

"We checked, and bank managers refused to close the accounts they were using for money laundering."


... snip ...

it is more like they had extensive convoluted processes explicitly for circumventing AML ... which was respun as how hard it is to establish AML processes ... as opposed to the lengths they went to in establishing processes to circumvent AML. And then the lengths that certain regulatory agencies went in ignoring evidence in order to justify deferred prosecution.

HSBC's Money Laundering Lapses, By the Numbers
http://www.propublica.org/article/hsbcs-money-laundering-lapses-by-the-numbers
The report reaches back more than a decade, and in testimony in front of the Senate this week, the bank apologized and vowed it has recently overhauled its anti-money-laundering efforts. The bank's head of compliance stepped down this week. But the Senate report notes that HBSC made similar promises of reform back in 2003 when it was cited by regulators for poor oversight of suspicious transactions. HSBC declined to comment further on the report or on the DOJ's ongoing investigation.

... snip ...

the above article has significant more details

money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

HSBC files: Swiss bank hid money for suspected criminals; Documents detail customers who faced allegations including drug-running, corruption, doping and money laundering
http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/feb/12/hsbc-files-swiss-bank-hid-money-for-suspected-criminals
Senate Reports NARCO Bank HSBC Helped Rothschild CIA Mossad Terrorists, Soros Mexican Drug Cartels Launder Money!
http://politicalvelcraft.org/2014/06/06/senate-reports-narco-bank-hsbc-helped-rothschild-cia-mossad-terrorists-soros-mexican-drug-cartels-launder-money/
20 Billion British Money Laundering Scam Goes Through Eastern Europe, Ends in HSBC, RBS, UBS and Citibank
http://21stcenturywire.com/2014/10/21/20-billion-british-money-laundering-scam-goes-through-eastern-europe-ending-at-hsbc-rbs-ubs-and-citibank/
HSBC faces charges of fraud and money laundering from Belgian state
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/nov/17/hsbc-swiss-arm-fraud-money-laundering-charges-belgium
HSBC charged in Belgium over money laundering, tax fraud
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/11/17/hsbc-belgium-courts-idUSL6N0T72J520141117
HSBC Caught in New Drug Money Laundering Scandal
http://www.globalresearch.ca/hsbc-caught-in-new-drug-money-laundering-scandal/5310397
Big Banks Are Knee-Deep in the Dirty Money-Laundering Business
http://www.alternet.org/investigations/big-banks-are-knee-deep-dirty-money-laundering-business
Massive fraud ignored ... until this happened
http://www.wnd.com/2012/05/massive-fraud-ignored-until-this-happened/
HSBC will pay $1.9 billion for money laundering
http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2012/12/11/hsbc-laundering-probe/1760351/
Loretta Lynch Refused To Prosecute Criminal Enterprise HSBC
http://stateofthenation2012.com/?p=11214
Swiss Defend Seven-Year Delay to HSBC Money-Launder Probe
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-02-23/swiss-defend-seven-year-delay-to-money-laundering-probe-at-hsbc
HSBC fined 27.8m in Swiss money-laundering probe
http://www.digitallook.com/news/news-and-announcements/hsbc-fined-278m-in-swiss-money-laundering-probe--750389.html
HSBC Struggles in Battle Against Money Laundering
http://www.wsj.com/articles/hsbc-struggles-in-battle-against-money-laundering-1421100133
Banking giant HSBC sheltered cash linked to dictators and arms dealers
http://www.irishtimes.com/business/financial-services/banking-giant-hsbc-sheltered-cash-linked-to-dictators-and-arms-dealers-1.2095966
Explosive: Stunning backstory inside HSBC scandal; Big-money bankers tried to shut news site down to stop it
http://www.wnd.com/2015/02/emerging-obama-scandal-1st-found-by-wnd-in-2012/
HSBC scandal: Britain's biggest bank let drug gangs launder millions and faces a 640million fine
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2174785/HSBC-scandal-Britains-biggest-bank-let-drug-gangs-launder-millions--faces-640million-fine.html
Explosive: Stunning backstory inside HSBC scandal
http://www.wnd.com/2015/02/emerging-obama-scandal-1st-found-by-wnd-in-2012/
HSBC Became Bank to Drug Cartels, Pays Big for Lapses
http://www.cnbc.com/id/100303180
Big bank retaliates against WND for expose
http://www.wnd.com/2012/02/big-bank-retaliates-against-wnd-for-expose/
HSBC Said Banned From Taking on New Assets at Saudi Unit
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-20/hsbc-said-banned-from-taking-on-new-assets-at-saudi-unit
At Last We Know How Hedge Funds Are Making All That Money
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2012/12/at-last-we-know-how-hedge-funds-are-making-all-that-money/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3705

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 3705
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 21 Jul 2015 10:45:47 -0700
gah@UGCS.CALTECH.EDU (glen herrmannsfeldt) writes:
OK, I forgot that the Usenet gateway doesn't work anymore.

I am wondering what software one needs for a 3705 to connect up ordinary ASCII terminals.

For example, what would be needed to use TSO or Wylbur on ASCII terminals? I know this is what was done 35 years ago, but I don't know now who knows how to do it.

I do remember that for dial-up lines it would allow for 300 baud or 110 baud, or even for 2741s, depending on the first character you typed. Hardwired lines were fixed speed, and could be higher than 300. (I believe O for 300 baud, and S for 110 baud.)

Faster lines might only be at a fixed baud rate.


cp67 delivered to the univ. had automatic terminal type identification for 1052 and a couple of 2741 types. 2702/2703 was possible to dynamically change the line-scanner type using the "SAD" CCW (use one line-scanner type, try a couple operations and if they get errors, switch to a different line-scanner type).

the univ. had a number of TTY/ASCII so I had to add TTY support to CP67 ... and tried to do it also using dynamic terminal type identification. I also tried to support single dial-in number for all terminal types ... aka "hunt group" ... common pool of lines. However, IBM had taken short cut and hard-wired the line-speed oscillator to each line ... so while it was possible to change the line-scanner ... it wasn't possible to change the line-speed (original 1052 & 2741 had same line speed, but TTY was different).

This was motivation for univ. to start a clone-controller project, building channel interface board for Interdata/3 programed to emulate 2702 ... but able to also do dynamic line-speed operation. This was later improved to Interdata/4 for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s dedicated to line-scanner. Four of us get written up as responsible for (some part of) the clone-controller business. Later Perkin-Elmer buys Interdata and the clone-controller continues to be sold under the PE logo (in the late 90s, I ran into PE box in large datacenter handling much of the dial-up point-of-sale terminals on the east coast, 1200 baud ascii).

A number of places had been sold (virtual memory) 360/67s supposedly for use with TSS/360 ... however TSS/360 had hard time reaching maturity ... so a lot of places ran CP/67. Other places developed their own virtual memory operating systems for 360/67 ... Stanford did Orvyl/Wylbur (Wylbur later ported to MVS) and Michigan did MTS. MTS did clone-controller using PDP8
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
some more MTS
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

clone-controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 2015 14:23:57 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#47 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#56 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#59 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#60 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#61 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

another "misconduct" story

New York Times DealBook Underplays Misconduct By Regulatory Fixer Promontory , Under Investigation by New York Department of Financial Services
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/07/new-york-times-dealbook-underplays-misconduct-by-regulatory-fixer-promontory-under-investigation-by-new-york-department-of-financial-services.html
In case you managed to miss it, $250 billion is over four orders of magnitude larger than the $14 million that Promontory, whose claim to fame is that it is chock full of ex regulators, said was not kosher. And yes, Standard Chartered in its settlement with New York and other regulators, agreed that it had engaged in $250 billion of illegal transactions and that the Promontory estimate was wrong, and paid a total of $667 million to the DFS and other regulators.

... snip ...

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garli.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

past posts mentioning Promontory:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#16 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#36 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#64 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#50 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 2015 16:05:21 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#63 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Promontory reports only being able to find $14M in suspicious money laundering transactions out of the $250B the bank admits to.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

Other articles on Promontory:

Is BofA's Foreclosure Review Really Independent? You Be the Judge
http://www.propublica.org/article/is-bofas-foreclosure-review-really-independent-you-be-the-judge
Settling The Foreclosure Reviews: Winners And Losers
http://www.forbes.com/sites/francinemckenna/2013/01/08/settling-the-foreclosure-reviews-winners-and-losers/
The rise of Promontory
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/the-rise-of-promontory/2013/08/02/c187a112-f32b-11e2-bdae-0d1f78989e8a_story.html
Promontory Financial Draws Washington Scrutiny
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/04/09/for-former-regulators-a-home-on-wall-street/?_r=0
Meet Mary Schapiro's New "Revolving Door" Employer
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-04-02/meet-mary-schapiros-new-revolving-door-employer
Schapiro's Promontory Move Latest Sign of Too Much Coziness
http://www.americanbanker.com/bankthink/schapiros-promontory-move-latest-signal-of-too-much-coziness-1057980-1.html
Can Regulators that Spawned TBTF Banks End TBTF?
http://www.americanbanker.com/bankthink/can-regulators-that-spawned-tbtf-banks-end-tbtf-1058080-1.html
Transcript: Attorney General Eric Holder on 'Too Big to Jail'
http://www.americanbanker.com/issues/178_45/transcript-attorney-general-eric-holder-on-too-big-to-jail-1057295-1.html
Regulatory Looting, Promontory-Style: Botched Foreclosure Reviews Alone Generate More than Double Goldman's Revenues per Employee
http://batrdailybusinessreport.blogspot.com/2013/06/regulatory-looting-promontory-style.html
Abigail Field | Insider Says Promontory's OCC Foreclosure Reviews for Wells are Frauds. Brought to You by HUD Sec. Donovan By Abigail Field, a freelance writer and attorney who blogs at Reality Check Foreclosure Fraud
http://4closurefraud.org/2012/02/27/abigail-field-insider-says-promontorys-occ-foreclosure-reviews-for-wells-are-frauds-brought-to-you-by-hud-sec-donovan-by-abigail-field-a-freelance-writer-and-attorney-who-blogs-at-reali/
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the Cover-Up Happened (Part IIIA)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/01/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-new-part-iii.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the Cover-Up Happened (Part IIIB)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/01/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-cover-up-happened-part-iiib.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: How the Cover-Up Happened (Part IV)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/01/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-part-iv.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: How Promontory Became a Shadow Regulator (Part VA)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/02/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-v.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the OCC Overlooked "Independent" Reviewer Promontory's Keystone Cops Act (Part VB)
http://stopforeclosurefraud.com/2013/02/11/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-vb/
New Whistleblower Describes How Bank of America Flagrantly Violates Dual Tracking, Single Point of Contact Requirements in State/Federal Mortgage Settlement
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/02/new-whistleblower-describes-how-bank-of-america-flagrantly-violates-dual-tracking-single-point-of-contact-requirements-in-statefederal-mortgage-settlement.html
Reform Suggestions for the Rogue Regulator, the OCC, and its Partner in Crime, the Shadow Regulator Promontory Group
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/02/reform-suggestions-for-the-rogue-regulator-the-occ-and-its-partner-in-crime-the-shadow-regulator-promontory-group.html
SEC Ex-Chief Schapiro Lands at Consultant
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324883604578396973470835516
Promontory Decides to Reinvest Part of its $1 Billion of Ill Gotten Gains from Botched Foreclosure Reviews By Buying Hiring Former SEC Chief Shapiro
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/promontory-decides-to-reinvest-part-of-its-1-billion-of-ill-gotten-gains-from-botched-foreclosure-reviews-by-buying-hiring-former-sec-chief-shapiro.html
Former SEC Chief Finds Consulting Firm Through Revolving Door
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/04/former-sec-chief-finds-consulting-firm-through-revolving-door.html
How Promontory Financial Became Banking's Shadow Regulator
http://www.americanbanker.com/magazine/123_4/how-promontory-financial-became-banking-s-shadow-regulator-1057480-1.html
Wells Fargo's "Reprehensible" Foreclosure Abuses Prove Incompetence and Collusion of OCC
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/wells-fargos-reprehensible-foreclosure-abuses-prove-incompetence-and-collusion-of-occ.html
Abigail Field: Insider Says Promontory's OCC Foreclosure Reviews for Wells are Frauds. Brought to You by HUD Sec. Donovan
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/02/abigail-field.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 2015 18:41:22 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Bribes Work: How Peterson, The Enemy of Social Security Bought the Roosevelt Name
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2011/06/bribes-work-peterson-institute-donations-turning-nominally-liberal-foundations-to-the-right.html

inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 2015 22:16:28 -0700
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Some people who happen to be scholl adminstrators and teachers, not only ignore bullying, some encourage it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#98 VNET 1983 IBM

co-worker at science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

was responsible for the implementation of the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or early '86)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

and also implementation used for (corporate sponsored) bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

a book about him & childhood bullying has been written
http://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630

other refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?

institutions allow bullying as part of enforcing conformity (and stamping out creativity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#65 Teachers Don't Like Creative Students
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#50 The Unleashed Mind: Why Creative People Are Eccentric
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#74 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#70 Teaching Smart People How to Learn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#3 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 24 Jul 2015 08:39:26 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
I did have problems. Maybe it was a state thing; the broker said the stimulus package made it cheaper to issue taxable bonds than tax free bonds.

securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs. in dallas/ft.worth area that turned out to be empty lots. Late 90s I was asked to look at improving the integrity of the mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure.

Then they found that the could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they were worth triple-a, from oct2008 congressional testimony).

With triple-A rating they could start doing no-documentation liar loans (triple-a rating trumps documentation, and with no-documentation there is no longer an issue of documentation integrity), pay for triple-A rating and sell off (including to large pension funds that are restricted to dealing in "safe" investments, claims it was major contribution to 30% drop in fund value and trillions in pension shortfall) ... largely responsible for being able to do over $27T between 2001-2008 (by comparison almost nothing during the S&L crisis, major factor that economic mess last decade being 70times larger than the S&L crisis).
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

the economy mess bubble starts to burst when buyers start to realize that triple-A ratings on securitized loans aren't to be trusted. Also in this period, the tax-free muni-bond market freezes because buyers are worried that *NO* ratings can be trusted. Buffett finally steps in and starts offering tax-free muni-bond insurance that starts to unfreeze the market (and somebody has to pay for Buffett's insurance).

Contributing factor was that in the real-estate frenzy, there was big uptic in housing speculation building. For all the new housing, they had to build new services (water, sewer, etc), which they issued bunch new muni-bonds. Then with the bubble bursting, there was also worry that nobody was going to buy all the new housing ... and nobody would be paying the real estate taxes to fund the muni-bonds (increasing concern that the tax-free muni-bond ratings couldn't be trust).

From the law of unintended consequences, the no-documentation securitized mortgages (enabled by triple-A ratings) led to the too big to fail having to set up the large robo-signing mills to fabricate the missing documents (and resulting billions in fines for doing foreclosures with fabricated documents).

If that wasn't enough, paying for triple-A ratings enabled them to create securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for the triple-A rating and sell off to their customer/victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy mortgages). Later the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG ... who was negotiating to payoff at 50-60 cents on the dollar when the sec. of treasury steps in, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value (AIG is the largest recipient of TARP funds and the firm formally headed by the sec. of treasury is the largest recipient of face-value payoffs). toxic CDO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

posts mentioning Buffett offering tax-free muni-bond insurance buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#20 dollar coins buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#81 The 2010 Census buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#53 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis? buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.) buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#30 The first personal computer (PC) buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#2 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P? buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#66 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#68 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV buffett:http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Jul 2015 08:43:27 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Sometimes the data was used to provide justification for an upgrade. What really ballooned up the size was adding all the CICS transaction data. I think out CICS guy used that for something, but I don't know what .

MVS measured waittime to infer total cpu time (elapsed minus waittime). application cpu use was somewhat approximate ... and then there was "capture ratio" ... aka accounted for cpu divided by total cpu (which was elapsed minus wait). unaccounted for time could range from 20% to 80%. VTAM (terminal i/o) could really drive down "capture ratio"

I've talked before about internal installations looking at deploying loads of 4341s out into departmental areas ... primarily because large datacenters were exploding at the seams and difficulty in adding more computing capacity ... but in part because they could (4341 significantly improved computing price/performance ... and significantly reduced the space and environmental footprint). One of the issues was moving MVS-based applications to 4341 (MVS required significant human resources for its care and feeding, couldn't have several dedicated staff in every department) ... the simpler applications could be directly moved to vm/cms ... the more complex ones required enhancements to the MVS simulation in CMS. The other benefit was that the significant MVS&VTAM processing overhead was eliminated (uncaptured CPU) ... further improving the processing efficiency. old email mentioning 4341
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

past posts mentioning capture ratio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#16 CPU time and system load
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#19 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#82 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#23 SMF Under VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#42 Inaccurate CPU% reported by RMF and TMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#72 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#66 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#33 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#76 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#39 CPU time variance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#70 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#71 Help with elementary CPU speed question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#8 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#85 CPU time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 27 Jul 2015 13:56:10 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#68 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

60s, science center did extensive work on cp40 and then cp67 to gather accurate statistics and use them for resource management and scheduling (and accounting)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

however, cp67 delivered to univ. jan1968 took enormous amount of processing to support the accurate statistics, resource management and scheduling. Even after the Lincoln Labs redo shipped later spring of 1968 ... 35users could still take 10% of processing (overhead increased non-linear with number of users).

Then as undergraudate in the 60s, I then redid the whole thing, making the overhead linear proportional to user activity (independent of number of users) and drastically reducing to less than 1% of user activity ... while making the resource management and scheduling much more effective. This was shipped to customers and came to be referred to as "wheeler scheduler" or "fair share scheduler" (because default resource management policy was fair share).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

In the early 70s, the science center used the extensive statistics gathering for modeling (both analytical and event driven) as configuration and workload profiling (which evolved into capacity planning).

A variation on one of the (science center, APL-based) analytical models was made available on the world-wide sales & marketing online HONE systems as the Performance Predictor; SEs could enter customer configuration and workload profiles and ask "what-if" questions about what happens when configuration and/or workload changes are made.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 30 Jul 2015 10:32:57 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Boingboing has an article featuring old (mostly advertising) photos of computer gear (and a few other high-tech 1960s items) attended by models in miniskirts.

http://boingboing.net/2015/07/30/miniskirtsandcomputers.html

Anybody know what the tabletop unit that appears to be connected to either a coffeemaker or a microscope (take your pick) is?


I remember classroom tables getting modesty panels ... instead of simple flat table top that 2-3 people sat at ... there was panel on one side that would obstruct the view of the person standing in front facing the room

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jul 2015 12:01:59 -0700
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
I never did find out - the joys of contracting, once the measurements were done the contract was over and I was off elsewhere. I'd guess the Sequent the application involved a lot of processes passing data around in queues which suited the sequent (32 486DX50s) quite well, OTOH the place was fond of Sun gear so they might have gone with that.

note sequent had been selling into commerical market for some time, much more than the other platforms

trivia/topic drift ... meeting in ellison's conference room on ha/cmp cluster scaleup (jan1992)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
other HA/CMP posts&references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

within weeks, the cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as supercomputer (for technical and scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors ... significantly increasing the motivation to leave.

Later two other people from the meeting ... are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server; the small startup had also invented some technology they call "SSL" they want to use ... the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

During this period, they were making products available to download over the internet. However, the systems on the platforms they were using had an increasing FINWAIT processing bottleneck problem ... and they were constantly having to add servers ... and informing users to do their own load balancing across all the download servers (this is before changes to boundary routers that would dynamically do the load balancing).

They then brought in a single Sequent server that easily handled all the load. They had run into (& fixed) the FINWAIT processing problem some years before.

recent posts mentioning FINWAIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

Sequent then is doing some amount of business selling sequent systems to run commercial mainframe emaulator. Chen has left his supercomputer business (after having left cray) and is CTO at sequent ... and he brings us in to do some consulting at Sequent (this is before IBM buys sequent and dissolves it).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jul 2015 12:08:04 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Known in Ireland as `inverse potholes' One highway official described them as unwanted, but mothers insisted. He said that SUV-type vehicles were a bigger problem, as the drivers could not see small children going by the vehicle

another kind of inverse potholes found on the mass pike was frost heaves (warning signs and 35mph speed limit was constant occurance). After moving to mass I complained to some of the long time residents (out west, even county roads would do 6ft deep road beds as countermeasure). They pointed out that the road industry having done mass pike they way they did ... then got reoccuring annual revenue to constantly go back and fix it.

past posts mentioning frost heaves:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#22 Roads as Runways Was: Re: BA Solves Y2K (Was: Re: Chinese Solve Y2K)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#28 trains was: Al Gore and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#35 pop density was: trains was: Al Gore and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#36 pop density was: trains was: Al Gore and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#42 Transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#68 Killer Hard Drives - Shrapnel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#11 Idiot drivers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#45 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#24 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#26 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#12 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: A&P supermarket bankruptcy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: A&P supermarket bankruptcy
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 31 Jul 2015 12:17:13 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
That's probably true, although the temptation for a new manager to try to make his mark by changing something before analyzing the situation must sometimes be awfully strong.

there was reoccuring problem at HONE ... virtual machine based, online, world-wide sales & marketing support ... most of the applications implemented in APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

lots was done to obfuscate to field people that it was virtual machine based implementation. regularly a top branch manager would be promoted to hdqtrs position that HONE reported to ... and would be horrified to eventually find out that HONE wasn't MVS based. He would then figure that he could make his career by having HONE convert to MVS ... launching a project consuming nearly all the available HONE resources dedicated to MVS conversion. This would last a year or so before it was deamed a failure, the executive promoted to another job, a new replacement comes in to repeat the process (that continued for well over a decade).

Periodically I would be blamed for the failure for the MVS conversions because I had contributed so many operating systems enhancements to HONE (that made it impossible for an MVS-based system to do the job).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where are Internet Lists for Mainframe

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Where are Internet Lists for Mainframe
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 3 Aug 2015 16:43:24 -0700
starsoul@MINDSPRING.COM (Lizette Koehler) writes:
For those of you going to share in Orlando, I would like to let you know that at Share Tom Conley will be giving a share presentation on Thursday 3:15p called

Effective Use of the Internet for Mainframe Problem Solving

This session will show better ways of posting and getting responses from various Lists. As well as providing a list of Mainframe specific Lists.


a co-worker at the ibm cambridge science center was responsible for the technology for the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late 85 or early 86) and later bitnet (corporation sponsored univ. network) starting in the early 80s.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s & early 80s. folklore is that when the executive was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network) 5of6 wanted to fire me. this is email from person in paris given job of doing EARN (bitnet equivalent in europe) looking for online applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

this is history of listserv creation in paris in 1986 ... somewhat similar to the earlier internal online VMTOOL computer conferencing tool (developed in the wake of my activities) ... although VMTOOL had both usenet-like mode in addition to mailing list like mode.
http://www.lsoft.com/corporate/history-listserv.asp
http://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp
wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV

In the late 80s, the communication group was spreading misinformation as part of convincing corporate to ocnvert the internal network to SNA/VTAM ... when it would have been much more efficient to have converted to TCP/IP (like BITNET did).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
more mailing lists
http://www.lsoft.com/lists/list_q.html

some of the mailing lists gateway to usenet ... some bidirectional, others only distribution (but not posting). usenet is also gatewayed (usually bi-directional) to google groups

note that TYMSHARE had developed CMS-based online computer conferencing system and made it avaialble to IBM SHARE organization starting in Aug1976 ... archive:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

... for mainframe specific try search engine for "ibm mainframe discussion group mailing list"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Aug 2015 08:09:49 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
His tactics may have been deplorable, but his agenda was to save the people of South Vietnam from being taken over by cruel Communist overlords.

his agenda was to become president ... even treason and cost of american lives
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21768668
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
http://www.truth-out.org/progressivepicks/item/13994-how-richard-nixon-sabotaged-1968-vietnam-peace-talks-to-get-elected-president
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
Date: 07 Aug 2015
Blog: Facebook
facebook version of
http://warisboring.com/articles

Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions; A celebration by the Marine Corps of its accounting prowess turns out to have been premature, with a discrepancy in a key audit of $800 million
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/08/03/17735/pentagon-remains-stubbornly-unable-account-its-billions

The Pentagon Is Still Terrible at Accounting for Your Tax Dollars; A celebration by the Marine Corps of its accounting prowess turns out to have been premature, with a discrepancy in a key audit of $800 million.
http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/08/03/the-pentagon-is-still-terrible-at-accounting-for-taxpayer-dollars-marine-corps-800-million-gao/

Marine Corps Can't Account for $800 Million
http://www.dodbuzz.com/2015/08/04/marine-corps-cant-account-for-800-million/

It mentions that lower level objections were run over and higher ups signed off as accurate despite objections. In theory if this was subject to Sarbanes-Oxley and sign-off on financial audits despite objections ... it would call for the people doing the sign-offs doing jail time. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarbanes%E2%80%93Oxley_Act

2010 CBO report was that previous decade, DOD budget was increased by over $2T compared to baseline, $1+T for the two wars ... and $1+T that they couldn't find anything to show for.

The law for 20yrs has called for all federal agencies to pass financial audit (including DOD) and account for the money they spend. The story says that a financial audit was signed off on even when lower levels said that it was *NOT* accurate.

The press around all this was they made a big deal of the Marine corp being the *FIRST* DOD agency to actually pass an audit ... in preparation for speculation that all of DOD might be able pass an audit in 2017. It they hadn't made such a big deal of it having claimed that they passed an audit ... probably nobody would have noticed when it turned out not to be true.

Pentagon Wars
http://cimsec.org/cimsecs-pentagon-wars-screening-with-jamie-malanowski/18140
more Pentagon Wars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

review of burton's book: Corrupt From Top to Bottom
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html?pagewanted=1
movie was based on burton's book:
http://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard/dp/B00HXY969W/

... (long-winded) before, during and after Burton's account
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html?pagewanted=1

when CIA director didn't agree with "Team B" analysis (justifying significant increases in DOD appropriations) ... they replaced him with somebody that would:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
they are then there for providing WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War

team b posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b


former CIA director and then VP claims he didn't know anything about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

those advisers/analysts are there for Iraq1. Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... administration proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and still there with Bush2 for Iraq2 to fabricate WMD justification (Bush2 also presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than S&L crises). cousin of the white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned, notifies her cousin, Powell and others; then gets locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

from the law of unintended consequences, for Iraq2, they were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs ... when they get around to going back, more than a million metric tons have evaporated. They then start seeing large artillery shell IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

they eventually find the decommissioned WMDs tracing back to US in the 80s ... takes nearly a decade before the information is declassified
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html?_r=0

note corporate representatives had approached former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote in UN for invasion of iraq, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

from Merchants of Doubt,
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

pg47/loc1209-14:
Team B's Claims turned out to be more than a little exaggerated. Later analyses would show that the Soviet Union had not achieved strategic superiority, they had not implemented a missile defense system beyond their single Moscow installation, and they certainly never achieved the ability to dictate U.S. policy. One anecdote perhaps tells the whole story: A few years after the Soviet Union collapsed, one of Teller's proteges toured a site that the Team B panel had believed was a Soviet beam-weapon test facility; it turned out to be a rocket engine test facility. It had nothing at all to do with beam weapons.

and National Insecurity
http://www.amazon.com/National-Insecurity-American-Militarism-Media-ebook/dp/B00ATLNI04/

pg248/3534-40:
The Team B experience was the first instance of institutionalized militarization of intelligence imposed on the CIA from the White House. The first instance of the CIA's internal militarization of intelligence took place in the 1980s, when President Reagan appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bill Casey, to be CIA director, and Casey appointed a right-wing ideologue, Bob Gates, to be his deputy. Casey and Gates combined to "cook the books" on a variety of issues, including the Soviet Union, Central America, and Southwest Asia, tailoring intelligence estimates to support the military policies of the Reagan administration. After he left the CIA in 1993, Gates admitted that he had become accustomed to Casey "fixing" intelligence to support policy on many issues. He did not describe his own role in support of Casey.

pg261/loc3722-24:
Cheney and Rumsfeld resorted to the same technique they had used in 1976, when they had worked for President Ford. In the 1970s, they had created Team B at the CIA in order to politicize intelligence on Soviet military power. In 2002, they politicized intelligence in order to take the country to war against Iraq.

Prophets of War
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

pg134/loc2273-74:
Another Team B member who was to make his mark later, under the administration of George W. Bush, was Paul Wolfowitz.

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff 74-75, then when he becomes SECDEF, 75-77, he is replaced by one of his staffers, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

Other accounts have Iraq invasion planning starting before 9/11. Justification for Iraq invasion included it would only cost $50B (besides the WMDs). Later there is massive airlift of $60B in large pallets of shrink-wrapped $100 bills for bribary/tribute to curtail hostilities for short period of time.

OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

How Private Contractors Have Created a Shadow NSA; A new cybersecurity elite moves between government and private practice, taking state secrets with them (also references oil rig company that was transformed into one of the largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO, including no-bid contracts in Iraq)
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/
above includes references to some of the events around the spreading Success Of Failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
(note sometimes clicking govexec serves up a blank page and you have to repeat the click)

The secret history of the US military's ire toward Northrop is a long one... and an ugly one at that.
http://ericpalmerblog.blogspot.com.au/2015/08/reader-comments-northrop.html
As it happens, the first Secretary of the Air Force was Stuart S. Symington, who had immediately beforehand retired from Convair --- he was that company's Vice President. The YB-49's potential was obvious, so Symington wanted the USAF to have it. He also wanted Jack Northrop to hand it over for free to Convair, along with most of the profits. When Northrop refused, Symington not only terminated the YB-49 immediately, but even made an example of Northrop by sending the USAF in to seize every single document, model, and prototype of every Flying Wing aircraft Northrop had ever developed for the military (which is to say, nearly every one of them)

note that the same year as this article (1993)
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html?pagewanted=1
congress passes law requiring all federal agencies to pass financial audits (trying to catch some of the worst financial corruption and fraud). so far DOD has yet to pass an audit
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/08/03/17735/pentagon-remains-stubbornly-unable-account-its-billions

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Aug 2015 13:02:38 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
If by 'blasted the h*ll out of them' you mean we dropped a bunch of bombs that didn't hit anything, you are correct.

for the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program ... the US had learned nothing from the "battle of britain" and had program only building strategic bombers and nothing for long range fighters. The Germans knew that from the battle of britain (against the Spitfires and Hurricanes) and the US relearned the lesson the hard way. Then in 1944, Roosevelt had the strategic bombing survey (because strategic bombing cost 1/3rd of total US WW2 spending) that found strategic bombing contributed little or nothing to the war effort. After that Lemay (& McNamara) were fire bombing German cities (while strategic bombing had a hard time hitting military targets, it was impossible to miss large cities), followed by extensive fire bombing of Japanese cities.

regarding 1943 strategic bombing program ... John Foster Dulles was instrumental in rebuilding German economy and military during the 20s and 30s ... when 1943 strategic bombing needed locations of military targets, they got a long list of coordinates from wallstreet.

After the war, McNamara leaves for Ford, but comes back as SECDEF for vietnam ... where Laos becomes the most bombed country per capita in the world ... aka Air Force needed a facade that they were somehow contributing to the effort ... pictures of B52s unloading enormous numbers of bombs on Laos made it look like something.
http://legaciesofwar.org/about-laos/secret-war-laos/
From 1964 to 1973, the U.S. dropped more than two million tons of ordnance on Laos during 580,000 bombing missions -- equal to a planeload of bombs every 8 minutes, 24-hours a day, for 9 years -- making Laos the most heavily bombed country per capita in history

... snip ...

Watch the US Drop 2.5 Million Tons of Bombs on Laos; Picturing the deadly legacy of America's secret war in the world's most bombed-out country.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/03/laos-vietnam-war-us-bombing-uxo

recent posts mentioning bombing Laos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Aug 2015 13:23:15 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Actually, from what I'm reading, it turns out that we did _not_ blast the heck out of them as originally reported. We were fighting in a jungle, were methods from WW II wouldn't work (and the army damn well knew it*).

the enemy developed the "grab them by the belt" countermeasure to both heavy artillary and bombing ... i.e. get in so close to negate can't use artillary&bombing. past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#79 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#86 Can America Win Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either

however that didn't stop the air force from showing how many bombs they could drop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Limit number of frames of real storage per job

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Limit number of frames of real storage per job
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Aug 2015 16:46:09 -0700
Allan.Staller@KBMG.COM (Staller, Allan) writes:
There can also be performance advantages from GC. GC moves objects together in storage, making it much more likely that your application data will be in the processor caches. If GC keeps your data in processor cache it will perform much better than if it's scattered across a GB of storage.

apl\360 would allocate new storage for every assignment statement, quickly using every available location in workspace ... and then it would collect everything in contiguous storage (garbage collect) and then start all over again.. This wasn't too bad with apl\360 typically 16kbyte (sometimes 32kbyte) workspaces there were swapped as integral unit. the initial port of apl\360 to cp67/cms for cms\apl was something of a problem because it allowed workspaces that were the size of virtual memory ... and strategy would quickly result in page thrashing (repeatedly touching every virtual page regardless of actual program&data size).

before release of cms\apl, this all had to be reworked in order to reduce the massive page thrashing.

Besides doing virtual machines, cp67/cms, the technology for the internal network (and corporate sponsored univ bitnet ... where ibm-main originated), GML, and lots of other things ... the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

also did a number of performance & analysis tools. One did processing & storage use analysis ... which was used for analyzing cms\apl and bunch of other things. It was also used extensively inside ibm by most product groups in their transition to virtual memory operation (would identify hot-spot instruction use as well as hot-spot storage use) ... and eventually released to customers as VS/Repack (which attempt semi-automated program reoganization to improve operation in virtual memory environment).

references to internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
references to bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
references to gml (sgml, html, etc)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

a major factor in the motivation in transition from os/360 MVT to virtual memory OS/VS2 was significant problems with the way MVT managed real storage, GETMAIN, etc ... regions had to typically be four times larger than really needed. The analysis showed that typical 370/165 MVT 1mbyte machine only supported four regions. A "virtual memory" MVT on 370/165 1mbyte machine could support 16 regions with little or no paging (aka keep all the in-use data in the 370/165 1mbyte "processor" cache). Old reference to study motivating to move all 370 to virtual memory:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Aug 2015 10:38:00 -0700
"Blano" <blano6654@nospam.com> writes:
But the later VAXes did not, so that is a problem with that approach and it is hard to claim that the 10s and 20s were mainframes but the VAX was not.

I still think the best practical distinguishing feature of a mainframe at the time the minis showed up is that the main cpu wasn't involved with the IO devices, that was offloaded to peripheral processors.

Of course all this really shows is that there is no nice tidy absolute difference between the low end of mainframes and the top end of minis.


Boeblingen did the 370 115&125. They had memory bus with positions for up to 9 processors. for the 115 the processors (about 800kips) were all the same with microcode loads for 370 emulation (about 80kips 370, running about 10:1 emulation)) and various controller i/o functions. The 125 was the same except the processor for 370 was faster getting about 120kips 370 (about 1.2mips native).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3125.html

at one point I got sucked into design design for 370/125 multiprocessor with up to five of the memory bus positions occupied by processors with 370 microcode (which was never announced or shipped) ... some past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

most of the 360s&370s just had single processor .... and the lower end machines had "integrated" channels & controllers ... microcode function all sharing the same processor as doing 370 CPU emulation. Moving up the 360&370 processor line ... there would be less integrated function and more and more free standing separate boxes.

this can be seen in the transition from 370 158&168 to 303x. They took the integrated channel microcode from the 158 and used it for the 303x channel director. A 3031 was then a 158 engine with 370 microcode (and no integraged channel microcode) and a sencond 158 engine (as 303x channel director) with integrated channel microcode (and no 370 microcode). A 3032 was 168 reconfigured to use 303x channel director as external channels. A 3033 started out being 168 logic mapped to 20% faster chips.

The 4331/4341 sold into the same mid-range market as VAX and sold about the same numbers in small unit orders. The big difference were the large corporate orders for hundreds of 4300s at a time. The 4300s significantly reduced physical and environmental footprint at same time improving price/performance. Large corporations were placing hundreds of 4300s out into departmental areas ... sort of the leading edge of the distributed computing tsunami.

However, in the datacenter, a cluster of 4341s had more aggregate computing power, smaller aggregate physical footprint, less aggregate power&cooling, lower aggregate price, more aggregate memory and more aggregate i/o capacity than 3033 (and 4341 channels were "integrated"). At one point the head of POK/3033 got corporate to cut the allocation of a critical 4341 manufacturing component in half (as way of reducing the competitive pressure).

old post with a decade of VAX shipments, sliced & diced by model, year, US/non-US, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

I've periodically told story of cp/67 delievered to the univ. jan1968. It came with 1052 & 2741 terminal support ... but univ. had a number of TTY terminals. I added TTY support consistent with the existing terminal support including dynamic terminal type identification. This used the external controller 270x "SAD" command that allowed dynamic association of the different terminal specific line/port scanner with each port. I actually wanted a single phone number ("hunt group" pool) for all terminals ... which wouldn't quite work ... since the 270x took a short cut and hardwired the line-speed for each line.

This was (at least part of the) motivation to start a clone controller project using a Interdata/3 programmed to simulate 270x controller ... but supporting both the SAD command as well as dynamical line speed determination. This included reverse engineering the 360/67 channel interface and building a channel interface board for the Interdata/3. This then involved into an Interdata/4 for the channel interface and multiple (embedded) Interdata/3s handling port-scanning function. Four of us got written up for (some part of) the clone controller business. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

trivia: late 90s, I'm visiting a large financial processing datacenter and there is a Perkin/Elmer box handling majority of the dialup point-of-sale terminals on the east coast (P/E bought interdata and continued to market the clone controller box under the P/E logo).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Aug 2015 11:03:45 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
I wonder if FDR treated the firestorm bombing the same way Hitler treated the final solution: no fingerprints. There must be a whole book about this but I didn't even think of it till just now. Groves was surely aware of the potential problem.

Last spring there was monthly series on "battle of britain" that went into it into some detail. At the start Hitler had directed that bombing was only military(-related) targets. After one bombing of london docks ... some of the bombs went astray into nearby neighborhood. That upset churchill and he called for night bombing raid on berlin. after that hitler removed restrictions on bombing targets. Supposedly german concentration on airfields was starting to have some success towards achieving air dominance. they then lost that focus and were never able to achieve air dominance (which was hitler pre-requisite for channel crossing).

From "war-is-boring" discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay

I've recently referenced in this thread LeMay/McNamara really started fire bombing half-dozen German cities after Roosevelt strategic bombing survey found that strategic bombing contributed little or nothing to war effort (even after getting long list of coordinates from wallstreet, they still had trouble hitting the military targets, but almost impossible to miss large city) ... and then went on to fire bomb 67 japanese cities.

war-is-boring just moved their website
http://warisboring.com/articles/

however most of the really active discussions has been happening on war-is-boring facebook group ... most recently about F35 ... with lots of USAF as well as number of other military types from around the world ... has gotten so animated that references to the discussion are showing up on various military news sites.

"military-industrial(-congressional) complex"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning "battle of britain"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#14 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#35 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#63 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#101 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#109 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#0 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#36 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#38 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#52 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#72 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#54 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Aug 2015 16:30:28 -0700
Bob Eager <news0005@eager.cx> writes:
I would contend that perhaps mainframes had (and have) more archaic operating systems!

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes

some of that are customers ... they have business critical legacy application and it is cheaper and the risk is lower just to keep it running in compatibility

possibly the largest currrent customer of ibm mainframes is the financial industry. large part of the financial industry in the later half of the 90s invested billions in re-engineering critical legacy applications and the new versions failed miserably ... from then on it was cheaper to just let them continue (it might take decades and new generation before it was tried again). a couple recent posts mentioning the 90s financial re-engineering failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?

there have been newer operating systems like TYMSHARE's GNOSIS operating system for 370. When MD bought TYMSHARE they spun off GNOSIS for KeyKOS (disclaimer I was brought in to do GNOSIS review as part of the spin-off).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
GNOSIS: A Prototype Operating System for the 1990s
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html

above mentions LSRAD report ... which I've scanned & uploaded to bitsavers
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/share/
also
https://archive.org/details/bitsavers_ibmshareTh_154513217

... GNOSIS foundation for KeyKOS, EROS, CapROS and Coytos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EROS_%28microkernel%29
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CapROS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coyotos

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Aug 2015 19:22:21 -0700
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
I find it hard to accept that the OS can't be improved without compromising compatibility.

This is software, it's almost infinitely expandable.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes

they went thru 24bit to 31bit to 64bit ... and they are still expanding on the 64bit support. with a drastically reduced market size and lots of customers focused on compatibility and maintenance ... they don't have the large thousands of programmers any more. Its pretty much a static and even declining market ... so unlikely they would be attacting many new customers (there is still even periodic discussion about CSA storage that has to be located in the first 16mbytes of memory).

as previous posts about the latest mainframes versus servers ... mainframe systems are still running several hundred thousand $$$ per BIPS while servers are pushing into the under $1/BIPS range. Also existing market is looking at moving more & more things to the cloud ... which is all server technology (big megadatacenters with hundreds of thousands of systems). I found 1qtr2014 mainframe financials ... which was the equivalent of 14 max-configured EC12s, 56 max-configured EC12s on annualized basis (several years of EC12s sales would be handled by a single processor chip wafer run, which possibly contributed to the decision to unload their chip manufacturing foundaries). recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide

I've also conjectured the megadatacenters required using open-source software ... since there was a whole lot of evoluation had to occur for several hundred thousand system megadatacenter environment (compared to the dominant closed proprietary mainframe operating system).

recent posts mentioning megadatacenter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Aug 2015 09:33:44 -0700
Bob Eager <news0005@eager.cx> writes:
You miss the point. Compare IBM operating systems (particularly things like CMS) in the mid-1980s, with something like VMS, of the same period.

The IBM systems are really crude by comparison.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes

CMS was from mid-60s ... a descendant CTSS ... .
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

As CP67/CMS grew, the group split off from the science center and moved to the 3rd flr taking over the (IBM) Boston programming center. When it outgrew the 3rd flr, it moved out to the vacant SBC bldg out in Burlington mall.

I periodically mention that in the wake of the death of Future System project in the mid-70s, that the head of POK convinced corporate to kill off VM370/CMS, shutdown the Burlington Mall development group and move all the people to POK (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time in the 80s). They weren't going to tell the group until the very last minute but the information managed to leak (there was witch hunt looking for the source of the leak, fortunately for me, nobody gave the leaker up) and lots of people managed to escape and stay in the rt.128 area. There is a joke tha tthe head of POK was one of the largest contributors to VMS.

At least one of the people from Burlington Mall group went to Prime (as did some number of Multics people).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Computer

The company was successful in the 1970s and 1980s, peaking in 1988 at number 334 of the Fortune 500. In 1985 the company was the 6th largest in the minicomputer sector, with estimated revenues of US $564 million [1] Much of this was based on the US Banking industry where the Pr1me Info database was widely accepted.

... snip ...

something similar can be seen in the VAX numbers ... referenced here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

... with workstations and large PCs starting to take over the midrange market (4300s experienced similar fate).

In the early 80s, I tried to get a project to do a brand new system ... and held a advanced technology conference on the subject ... mentioned here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a

I had envisioned something similar to the original cp67/cms group. The original virtual memory system for the 360/67 was suppose to be TSS/360 ... and before imploding it was reported to have had 1200 people (greater than 100 times, two orders of magnitude, more than the cp67/cms group). My proposal got absorbed into an official corporate sponsored effort ... and imploded when it had 300-600 people just writing design specifications.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#27 VM/SP sites that allow free access?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#25 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#53 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#46 Blinking lights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#14 Z/OS--anything new?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#57 ANN: Microsoft goes Open Source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#63 CHROME and WEB apps on Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#17 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#72 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#51 Information on obscure text editors wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#20 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#35 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#57 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#8 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Aug 2015 10:14:43 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
I served in the NAVY (Norway's) and had part of the assignment to run and handle the 4341s for secret tape comms, as part of a large NATO order that ended with ~6000 4341s with some custom hardware fitted to give the NATO allies reliable, high-volume CTS-grade encryption engines. We had these at all bases, and so did the rest of NATO. The communication was tapes, and the occational telegram. I was also a courier with the tapes. They were to be surrendered if threatened with physical force, and if we were not at the destination on time the cipher keys was just changed, but this was a NATO-wide bump, so it was to be avoided if at all possible.

old email about AFDS coming by to talk about getting 20 4341s ... but by the time they visited the order had grown to 210 4341s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b

other old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

since there was a little rivalry between 4th & 5th flrs ... and AFDS had been long time Multics installation ... it was of some interest
http://www.multicians.org/site-afdsc.html
here
http://www.multicians.org/sites.html

I had also gotten roped into doing LLNL benchmark that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm ... sort of precursor to modern supercompuers ... 4341 ran benchmark in about same time as cdc6600 ... old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0

3031 was a little slower than 4341 ... but 3031 was faster than 158 ... even tho 3031 & 158 used the same processor engine ... but the 3031 had the integrated channel microcode moved to a 2nd processor engine.

I've attributed that experience contributing to later working on cluster scaleup with large numbers of rs6000,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
referenced here for commercial RDBMS with jan1992 meeting in ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

but was also working with national labs (including LLNL & LANL) on large filesystems and scientific/technical ... referenced in old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

over a couple of weeks following the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as ibm supercomputer (for scientific and technical *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Aug 2015 16:42:35 -0700
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
I'm editing the wikipedia article on Count Key Data, and I've run into an editorial dispute. I claim that what is now ECKD was part of the SMB, and the other editor claims that you could run 3380 on a slow channel without using, e.g., Define Extent. Does anybody have a document outlining what IBM included in the term SMB?: Thanks.

Calypso ("speed-matching") feature for 3880 controller allowing 3380s to be attached to slower channels. I have old email about significant software & hardware debugging getting it to work.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#email801010
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#email820907
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#email820907b

We had done a VM370 modification at SJR that did super efficient trace of all disk record accessed (both by vm370 & virtual machines) what was installed in several systems in the San Jose/Bay Area. the 10Oct1980 email refers to upgrading to support calypso/eckd CCW. The trace was used for various things like modeling disk i/o cache configurations. We had a proposal to have it incorporated into all systems for use in dynamic load-balancing for placement/location.

some of the ECKD intertwinces with my theme (rant) that it would have been enormously simpler & less expensive to have added FBA support to MVS. I had been told that even if I provided them with fully integrated and tested MVS FBA support ... that i needed a $26M incremental business case (to cover documentation and education) ... basically $200M-$300M in additional disk sales ... but they claimed that customers were already buying disks as fast as they could be made ... so it would just shift the same amount of sales from CKD to FBA (and therefor it was impossible for me to show incremental/additional disk sales from FBA support).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

this post references that 4341 with small tweak was being used for testing 3mbyte/sec channel (w/o needing speed matching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#36 What was old is new again (water chilled)

If POK machines (158, 168, 303x) had been as powerful as 4341 ... there wouldn't have needed Calypso (speed matching and enormous resources needed to get it working) ... but then if MVS had FBA support wouldn't have needed to do 3380 as CKD (even tho inherently it was FBA underneath) ... or do a 3375/CKD version of 3370/FBA.

other past posts mentioning calypso
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#7 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#40 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#0 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#40 TOPS-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#44 Z/VM support for FBA devices was Re: z/OS support of HMC's 3270 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#11 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#36 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#30 45 years of Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#14 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#35 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#12 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#64 Random thoughts: Low power, High performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#154 BDW length vs. Physical Length

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Aug 2015 19:59:29 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:
You were up against real, hardline commies on the Asian mainland. They had literally millionjs of people to throw into the fight against the US war machine. The US would have had to do a WW2 scale effort to win, and that was not on the agenda.

It is now generally accepted in Viet Nam that the war was too costly in terms of the loss of their young, and that a partial victory in a negotiated peace at an earlier point would have been a better solution. The South could then be left to implode slowly, or thrive as another South Korea, as fate would be.


in vietnam war, 2.5 million tons of bombs dropped just on laos.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/03/laos-vietnam-war-us-bombing-uxo

compared to ww2, 2.7 million tons allies dropped in europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_bombing_during_World_War_II#US_bombing_in_Europe

more recent several accounts of Nixon commited treason and extended the war by years (with lots of deaths) just so that he would win the election.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#75 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

refs:
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21768668
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/08/nixons-treason-now-acknowledged.html
http://www.truth-out.org/progressivepicks/item/13994-how-richard-nixon-sabotaged-1968-vietnam-peace-talks-to-get-elected-president
https://consortiumnews.com/2014/09/08/fleshing-out-nixons-vietnam-treason/

except for fire-bombing large cities, ww2 & vietnam bombing were about equally poor at not being able to hit target.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Strategic_Bombing_Survey

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Aug 2015 20:44:45 -0700
0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
Circa 1980 my then employer marketed a CCD SSD product which suffered timing incompatibilities, not because of transfer rate, but because of inter-block latencies. It appeared that some VM paging code paths depended on completing while the inter-block gap was passing.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#86 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

an issue would be if you simulated 3330 .. and formated 50byte (or 110byte) dummy records and had a simulated rotational spin rate much faster than 3330 (it wasn't vm code paths, it was speed of chained CCW channel processing).

I periodically mention getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 (sometimes they demanded I play disk engineer) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

vm370 formated 3330s for paging so records were aligned on each track ... three 4kbyte pages per track ... and if there were queued requests for records on same cylinder but different tracks would attempt to optimize single channel program to transfer all pages in the minimum number of revolutions. For CKD this would require seek head, search, tic, read/write ... and in order to allow the channel time to execute the CCWs while the disk was spinning, page area formating inserted dummy records between page data records. It turns out that channel specs (worst case 370) required 110byte dummy records given the 3330 rotational spin rate ... to allow channel time to process the CCWs (to do a head switch) ... but track size only had room for 50byte dummy records.

I did a test program that was run on 145, 148, 4341, 158, 168, 303x with IBM disk controllers and various non-IBM disk controllers. IBM disk controller could actually process the head switch CCWs with 50-byte dummy record (w/o additional revolution), for most machines except 158 & all 303x ... and some number of non-IBM disk controllers could do the switch even with 158 & 303x (the issue is that for all models of 303x, they used external channel director ... which was actually a 158 engine with the slow integrated channel microcode and w/o the 370 microcode). 3081 channels also had problem doing CCW head-switch within the 50byte dummy record window. past posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#7 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#3 YKYGOW...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#17 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#22 303x, idals, dat, disk head settle, and other rambling folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#64 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#65 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#66 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#38 storage key question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#22 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#83 old 370 info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#65 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#26 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer

There was a different issue with code paths on 3880 controller. After FS death, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines (during FS period, internal politics had been killing off 370 efforts) and 303x and 370-xa were kicked off in parallel. 370-xa became none as "811" for the Nov1978 date on most of the architecture documents. When I saw SSCH, I thot that it was mostly to compensate for the enormous interrupt pathlength in MVS. A big problem was that as devices became faster, and load increased, there was significant increasing device idle time while MVS went thru interrupt & redrive overhead.

Earlier, the disk engineering lab had been testing using prescheduled, stand-alone mainframe dedicated test time ... at one point they had tried to use MVS ... but found it had 15min MTBF (requiring manual re-ipl) in that environment. I volunteered to rewrite I/O supervisor so it was bullet-proof and never fail so that any number of on-demand, concurrent testing could go on (vastly increasing productivity). I also setout to demonstrate the optimal interrupt processing and queued request device redrive.

some bean counter had dictated that 3880 use a really slow control processor (compared to 3830) and used dedicated circuits to get 3mbyte/sec transfer rate. The slow control processor showed up in increased channel and controller busy as well as increase elapsed time for channel program processing. To pass product acceptance test (requiring 3880 appear to be within 5% of 3830 performance), they would signal channel program complete (CE+DE) early ... before having actually finished everything. The first time they put 3880 controller into use with 16 3330s (and heavy load on 3033) replacing 3830 ... throughput dropped almost in half. They had assumed that they could signal complete and actually finish while software was executing interrupt and redrive pathlength. However, my superfast redrive pathlength was hitting the 3880 while it was still busy ... and as a result it was forced to signal CC1, csw-stored with SM+BUSY to the SIOF. Then later it would signal CUE interrupt when it had actually finished. This was significantly driving up overhead and latency (compared to 3830 controller).

Fortunately this was still six months before first-customer ship and there was some time to do some compensation for the slow 3880 processor. However, they still had increased channel busy ... compared to what the 3090 engineers had been assuming with something that was effectively 3830 3mbyte performance. 3090 had to compensate for the increased 3880 channel busy by doubling the number of channels in configuration ... which required an extra TCM, which increased 3090 manufacturing costs (there was joke about 3090 billing the bean counter for each additional 3090 TCM). Marketing also had to spin the vastly increased number of channels as demonstrating the significant 3090 I/O power (when it was actually a problem with really slow 3880 disk controllers).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Aug 2015 09:58:56 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#86 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer

For those that got post forwarded and can't see the recent URL refs on garlic.com ... On 17Apr2015, garlic.com changed their webserver and still haven't yet been able to update my personal web pages ... to see the full thread check google group archive.
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/K2Elt-40-VE

With regard to MVS MTBF 15min, I happened to mention in an internal (only) report giving technical details of building a bullet proof and never fail I/O subsystem ... which brought down wrath of the MVS organization on my head ... apparently they would have gotten me fired if they could figure out how ... but they found other ways of taking out their displeasure.

VM370 official calypso support, put8201, reference to retrofitting to heavily modified internal system.


Date: 01/11/82 12:51:34

To: wheeler

ref calypso-vm/sp (ext. ckd ) ;

The official release of the code was this month. Put tape 8201 lvl. 110. It looks like it might be awhile before we get that far for common and all, right ? Maybe I should go ahead and work on fitting it to 106. What do you think?


... snip ... top of post, old email index

from vmshare archives ... discussion of 3880 speed matching buffer but doesn't explicitly say anything about define extent and eckd
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=3380&ft=MEMO

old email about FE error injection regression tests for 3380 ... all of the 57 errors were resulting in MVS hanging and requiring reipl and in 2/3rds of the cases, there was no indication of what caused the problem (this is separate from the earlier issue where they attempted to use MVS in the bldg. 14 engineering test lab and found it had 15min MTBF)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Aug 2015 10:20:22 -0700
Greymaus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
Or, something about both sausages and Politics were subjects better not investigated.

just finished reading ... about "chamber of commerce" and especially its upswing in political activism (lobbying, etc) starting in the late 90s
http://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

it covers some of the same events as "Merchants of Doubt" ... but from different perspective:
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Aug 2015 10:35:33 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
just finished reading ... about "chamber of commerce" and especially its upswing in political activism (lobbying, etc) starting in the late 90s
http://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

"Influence Machine" has quite a bit on Boehner

"They Pray to the Money"; House Republicans Decry Speaker John Boehner's Lobbyist-Friendly Congress
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/pray-money-house-republicans-decry-speaker-john-boehner-lobbyist-run-congress/

consistent with

Donald Trump Says He Can Buy Politicians, None of His Rivals Disagree
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/donald-trump-buy/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Aug 2015 14:02:53 -0700
hancock4 writes:
The business community was an aggressive lobbyist going back to the 1890s, or even before.

Railroads had state legislators in their pockets, as did later industrial magnates, who fought off even the simplest form of regulation.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

before "Influence Machine", I had just read:

Meet You in Hell: Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, and the Bitter Partnership That Transformed America
http://www.amazon.com/Meet-You-Hell-Partnership-Transformed-ebook/dp/B000FCK4UO/

which goes into lots of their dealings ... although somewhat focused on their love/hate partnership ... falling out, getting back together. Business influence then wained ... first with Teddy and then later with FDR (after the crash of '29).

"Influence Machine" was that "chamber of commerce" was somewhat unfocused representing lots of local chapters. Then a new president came in the late 90s ... and became totally refocused on large influential industry groups that would channel enormous amounts of money through his hands to achieve very specific political goals (including big overlap with what is described in "Merchants of Doubt"). They set up special non-profits for channeling money w/o having divulge the doners. It does cover some of the activities leading up to the late 90s for comparision on how "chamber of commerce" revolutionized the activity. It even goes into some of the things with the current speaker of the house ... recent item:

"They Pray to the Money"; House Republicans Decry Speaker John Boehner's Lobbyist-Friendly Congress
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/pray-money-house-republicans-decry-speaker-john-boehner-lobbyist-run-congress/

past posts mentioning robber barons:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#80 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#86 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#87 IBM driving mainframe systems programmers into the ground
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#13 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#55 The 10 Highest-Paid CEOs Who Laid Off The Most Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#66 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#51 The Truth About the "Robber Barons"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#60 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Miniskirts and mainframes

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Miniskirts and mainframes
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Aug 2015 14:41:24 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Given that today's micros run rings around yesterday's mainframes, I wonder whether the term "mainframe" means anything anymore. (Note that my original post uses the past tense.)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#70 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#80 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#82 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#84 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#85 Miniskirts and mainframes

today's ibm mainframes are more similar to rack full of blades (but with much less throughput at an enormously higher price)

Mainframe CKD DASD hasn't been made for decades, it is all emulated on industry standard (fixed-block) disk.

Mainframe FICON channels are a heavy-weight protocol run on top of industry fibre-channel standard (that significantly cuts the native I/O throughput). The latest peak I/O mainframe benchmark I've seen published is for Z196 that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. About the same time as the Z196 peak I/O benchmark, a native fibre-channel was announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre-channel have higher throughput than 104 FICON ... which is protocol layer that runs on 104 top fibre-channel). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

processor chips are made in the same foundaries that do other microprocessor chips using the same technology. mainframe processors were in fact lagging behind with respect to some cache-miss compensating technology that has been around for decades (out-of-order execution, speculative execution, branch prediction, etc). The claim was over half the thruput improvement from Z10 to Z196 was starting to introduce such features. Recent posts discussing it in more detail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#29 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13

a max. configured EC12 is 101processor rated at 75BIPS or 743MIPS/processor and goes for $33M or $440k/BIPS

this says that latest Z13 has 40% more capacity (than EC12) but also 40% more processors (141).
http://www-01.ibm.com/common/ssi/cgi-bin/ssialias?subtype=ca&infotype=an&appname=iSource&supplier=877&letternum=ENUSZG15-0001

by comparison an e5-2600v3 blade are rated at 1300BIPS .. two chips, up to 7 cores/processor, 22nm tech
http://ark.intel.com/products/family/78583/Intel-Xeon-Processor-E5-v3-Family

e5-2600v4 will be released with 14nm tech ... some 14nm chips are already starting to appear
http://wccftech.com/massive-intel-xeon-e5-xeon-e7-skylake-purley-biggest-advancement-nehalem/
http://vr-zone.com/articles/broadwell-ep-xeon-e5-v4-focus-cores-reliability-per-core-performance/66845.html
http://www.xbitlabs.com/news/cpu/display/20131220211018_Intel_Readies_18_Core_Xeon_Broadwell_EP_Microprocessors_for_Launch_in_2015_Report.html

A high-density rack of such blades may have more processing than all the mainframes in the world today at a trivial fraction of the price (especially the large public clouds that assemble their own with several hundred thousand such blades in each megadatacenter).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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