List of Archived Posts

2015 Newsgroup Postings (01/01 - 02/08)

LEO
LEO
The Taylor Report
LEO
NYT on Sony hacking
NYT on Sony hacking
NYT on Sony hacking
weird apple trivia
LEO
LEO
NYT on Sony hacking
NYT on Sony hacking
NYT on Sony hacking
LEO
LEO
Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
NYT on Sony hacking
Cromnibus cartoon
NYT on Sony hacking
Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Young's Black Hat 2013 talk - was mainframe tribute song
Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
Gutting Dodd-Frank
channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Webcasts - New Technology for System z
channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History
channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
16-bit minis, was Floating point
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Remembrance of things past
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Remembrance of things past
George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
Ancient computers in use today
Ancient computers in use today
Snowden And Schneier Point Out Another Reason Not To Undermine Internet Security: Information Asymmetry
beyond the PDP-11: architectural support for a memory-safe Cabstract machine
Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
Ancient computers in use today
Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
Winslow Wheeler's War
a bit of hope? What was old is new again
a bit of hope? What was old is new again
a bit of hope? What was old is new again
a bit of hope? What was old is new again
Ancient computers in use today
a bit of hope? What was old is new again
NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
Update History Documentaries | Watson | PBS Video
56kbit modems
Anthem Healthcare Hacked
S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
Ancient computers in use today
Anthem Healthcare Hacked

LEO

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 01 Jan 2015 11:11:57 -0800
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
I was opposed to both Iraq I and Iraq II. As time goes by I am beginning to think Iraq I was not a totally bad idea. There were oil wells all over Kuwait burning because of one man's notion of how things should be. That sounds kinda wrong. And most of Europe agreed with the attack, which is a good sign.

head of CIA was replaced with somebody that would go along with Team B numbers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

replacement CIA director then is VP ... but claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#5 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#137 weird apple trivia

sat. photo analyst reports to administration that Saddam is staging forces for invasion of Kuwait. The administration says Saddam would do no such thing and does a smear campaign to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst is reporting forces being staged for invasion of Saudia Arabia ... and all of a sudden there is some action. "Long Strange Journey: An Intelligence Memoir"
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#30 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#85 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#32 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#68 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn

the oil fires were to cover retreat after US attack, not justification for US attack ... IRAQ I was because of Saddam preparation for invading Saudia Arabia (many references to Bush family business relationship with Saudia royal families)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuwaiti_oil_fires
one of large number of references from web search
http://www.uni-muenster.de/PeaCon/global-texte/g-notes/BinLaden-Carlyle.htm
also note that person that was brought in to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup (13 "baby blues"), after left as head of IBM, became head of Carlyle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
one of the largest private equity companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

role forward to IRAQ II ... and lots of references to team b was planning invasion ... even before 9/11 ... and then used the excuse of WMDs. Recently there is news that troops did find decommissioned WMDs (from iran-iraq war, US supplied?) and that information was classified.
http://www.medicaldaily.com/weapons-mass-destruction-did-exist-iraq-and-now-exposed-american-troops-are-suffering-307084
and
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

there was some semi-facetious article about justification for invasion and removing Saddam was he had killed 140-some people ... but since the invasion, an avg. of that many people have been killed every day.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LEO

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 01 Jan 2015 15:03:59 -0800
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
Back when it happened, my theory was that Israel was the smart, younger brother who did the thinking and that the US was the retarded, older brother who did the heavy lifting.

I guess your theory is it's a Bush dynasty thing; I am not going to dig through 100 references to find out. I don't like any of the bushes, never did, and let it go at that.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO

before land war started there were heavy airstrikes that had pretty much free reign ... there was observations that Iraqi tanks were such sitting ducks for airstrikes ... that the Iraqis were walking away from their tanks. Lots of the fires were heavy smoke to impede the airstrikes .... covering the retreat. past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#2 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#46 The Pentagon Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series

lots of overlapping/cooperating interests ... with fall of soviet union, team b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
and military-industrial-congressional complex needed new threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

also lots of business interests in the country with ties to the Saudis ... not only the president's family. SECDEF for Iraq1 then is VP for Iraq2 ... but between times, was head of another company that did huge business over there. randem items from 1st page of web search results
http://www.businessinsider.com/rand-paul-iraq-war-because-dick-cheney-make-money-2014-4
http://www.socialistappeal.org/usa/halliburton_scandal.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Taylor Report

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Taylor Report
Date: 01 Jan 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/gwg2Msdrmub

The Taylor Report
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2015/01/the-taylor-report.html

references:

Intelligence, defense whistleblowers remain mired in broken system
http://www.sanluisobispo.com/2014/12/30/3419354_intelligence-defense-whistleblowers.html?rh=1

and references whistleblower back to Success of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

reported to responsible congressional committee ... investigated and put the agency on probation ... and Lind's
http://www.amazon.com/War-Collected-Columns-William-2003-2009-ebook/dp/B00OY2QFAY/
earlier version of Success of Failure loc1730-32 (July 29, 2004):
Remember, government bureaucracies don't get more money and more power when they succeed, but when they fail. With an incentive system like that, it is fairly obvious what the rest of us are going to get more of: the consequences of intelligence failures.

... snip ...

Success of Failure postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

recent posts mentioning Lind:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#141 Lind's version of Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#178 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LEO

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 02 Jan 2015 11:02:36 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#1 LEO

others that had interests in Iraq2

How the Iraq War Financed a Beltway Real Estate Boom
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/01/02/war-iraq-helped-finance-personal-beltway-financial-boom/

and recent semi-related reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#2 The Taylor Report

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 02 Jan 2015 14:41:01 -0800
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Bruce Schnier (sp) wrote that its a balance between security and convenience, too hard passwords are written down, to hard to remember, and, so on. seems reasonable.

thats the institutional-centric view .... from era when person only had a couple passwords to remember. passwords are shared-secret something you know authentication ... and are required to be different for every unique security domain (as countermeasure to cross-domain attacks) and hard to guess. current era from a person-centric view, there are scores to hundreds of (unique) passwords ... there is no way most people can remember ... requires being written down (and/or extensive password reuse, where compromise of one domain can result in compromises in other domains, especially works when same password is reused in both low security domains and high security domains).

posts mentioning 3factor authentication paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#3factor
posts mentioning shared-secret authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#secrets

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 02 Jan 2015 16:33:18 -0800
Lon <lon.stowell@comcast.net> writes:
There are operating systems that have password rule enforcement, such as not allowing any dictionary words, requiring mixed case, both alpha and numeric, min length, no reuse for 1 year, etc. etc. Misspelled swear words in foreign languages with typical script kiddy substitutions for some of the alphabet will pretty much fool those. Passwords made from phrases tend to be a tad more robust.

Unfortunately a gummi bear and a decent photo of your hand eliminates fingerprint detection from being reliable. Whether retinal scans can deal with hangovers, unknown.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#4 NYT on Sony hacking

lots of this is around shared, relatively static data (passwords, and lots of biometrics) .... vulnerable to various skimming, evesdropping, harvesting techniques and then replay/reproduce it one way or another, particularly insidious because the information may leak and not even be aware until after exploits start happening.

disclaimer: we have some number of patents (all assigned, every some granted long after we moved on) ... including person-centric
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

some refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

basically something you have token that is hard to counterfeit and uses dynamic data (asymmetric cryptography). person-centric part has the same token could be used for every environment (since there is no something you know, shared-secret that can leak in one domain and be used for attack against another domain) ... don't need hundreds of different tokens (to replace hundreds of different passwords, pins, plastic cards, etc). Optional "private" pin/password/biometric authentcation with the token as countermeasure to lost/stolen token ... it isn't shared-secret something you know ... since it isn't with different security domains ... its "private secret something you know ... since it is between you and your private token.

this was in the 90s ... concurrent when the yes card was being designed .... however it used "static" authentication data (as opposed to dynamic data) ... as a result any sort of evesdropping or harvesting could obtain authentication data for producing counterfeit token. At an "ATM Integrity" taskforce meeting early part of the century, a federal leo describes the problem in some detail, prompting somebody in the audience to exclaim that they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove chips are less secure than magstripe. This issue was that while the token required a PIN to use ... business rules had been moved into token, once a counterfeit token had been created with valid static authentication information ... the counterfeit (yes card) token could be programmed to claim that a valid PIN was entered (despite what was typed) ... as well as claiming that all transactions were approved. Magstripe cards go online, and countermeasure is to deactivate the account number ... however in the yes card case, a counterfeit card can be programmed to never do an online transactions.

reference to yes card trivial to counterfeit from trip report to cartes2002 ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine (yes card discussion at bottom of page)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

yes card posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Jan 2015 09:53:02 -0800
Stan Barr <plan.b@bluesomatic.org> writes:
It was a military project which makes even more surprising!

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#4 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#5 NYT on Sony hacking

deploying something even if it doesn't work isn't necessarily intrinsicly military ... requires something that includes financial motivation ... which more frequently is the industry side of the military-industrial(-congressional) complex ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

"pentagon wars" ... written by one of Boyd's acolytes (1st air force academy graduation class and on fast track to general ... boyd challenged him to do what is right, which he says destroyed his career). he wrote a book about it that HBO made into movie.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

another example is continued production of Abrahms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#74 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#75 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#40 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#48 LEO

which is further exasperated by the Success of Failure theme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#141 Lind's version of Success of Failure

Remember, government bureaucracies don't get more money and more power when they succeed, but when they fail. With an incentive system like that, it is fairly obvious what the rest of us are going to get more of: the consequences of intelligence failures.

... snip ....

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

... along with increasing outsourcing gov. to for-profit companies.

and some of the latest on gov. revolving door

And the Winner of the 'War On Terror' Financed Dream Home 2014 Giveaway Is...
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/12/31/winner-war-terror-financed-dream-home-2014-giveaway/
How the Iraq War Financed a Beltway Real Estate Boom
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/01/02/war-iraq-helped-finance-personal-beltway-financial-boom/
Louis Freeh's Latest Investigation: Billionaire Businessman Accused of Bribing African Government
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/01/02/louis-freehs-latest-investigation-billionaire-businessman-accused-bribing-african-government/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

weird apple trivia

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: weird apple trivia
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 03 Jan 2015 13:20:22 -0800
update on the onslaught on pension funds

The War on Pensions -- The US Budget Anti-Pension Law
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/01/michael-hudson-war-pensions-us-budget-anti-pension-law.html

from above:
The problem is that the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) of 1974 -- vastly underpriced the contributions that employers would have to make in order to pay retirees. The problem was designed to fail from the beginning, because Wall Street and corporate lobbyists fought to underfund the program. They knew from the very beginning that pensions would fail in the end.

... and
The important thing is that the PBGC has been as lax in oversight as the Federal Reserve has been lax in overseeing the banking system. But whereas the Fed then bailed out the banks in 2008 on the ground that they were systemically necessary for the economy to function, no such assumption is being made with regard to labor's pensions.

... snip ...

recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#17 How Much Does It Cost To Keep JPMorgan FX-Riggers Out Of Jail?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#18 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#21 Senate Democrats vs. the Middle Class; Senators elected in 2008 made Obama's agenda possible, and its results have harmed most Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#41 Whole Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#52 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#62 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#64 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#122 Congress could soon allow pension plans to cut benefits for current retirees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#147 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#148 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#158 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#159 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LEO

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 04 Jan 2015 10:35:47 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Are there not British controlled islands just off the coast of France; Gurnsey and others I don't remember the name of ?

Maybe that was the compromise; England keeps Gurnsey, and France keeps St. Pierre.


except if France uses St. Pierre for fishing ... City of London uses the channel islands (and other current and former British "offshore" locations) for tax evasion and money laundering.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

city of london must be pretty upset over recent news about the upstart operations in places like Ireland and Luxembourg
http://www.icij.org/projects

recent reference
http://wolfstreet.com/2014/11/08/as-luxembourg-takes-the-heat-the-worlds-worst-tax-haven-the-city-of-london-remains-hidden-in-plain-sight/
in this recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LEO

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 04 Jan 2015 11:30:32 -0800
hancock4 writes:
At the time, his warning was ignored.

Indeed, despite Eisenhower's stature, he was often ignored by war-hawks within his own party. They wanted to go to war, or threaten to go to war, over lots of incidents. Eisenhower knew better.

Also, Eisenhower was a moderate, not a super-conservative. Elements in his party wanted to eliminate the New Deal.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#178 LEO

"Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.

The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some fifty miles of concrete pavement. We pay for a single fighter plane with a half million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people.

This is, I repeat, the best way of life to be found on the road the world has been taking. This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron. ... Is there no other way the world may live?"

-- Dwight D. Eisenhower in a speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors "The Chance for Peace" (16 April 1953)


... snip ...

military programs have greatly inflated ... the (failed) F35 is projected to be well over $1trillion

"Software disaster": Pentagon never even planned F-35's gun to shoot until 2019
http://rt.com/op-edge/219655-f35-gun-software-disaster/
Computer glitch prevents US' most advanced F-35 fighter jet from firing until 2019 -- report
http://rt.com/usa/219255-f35-fighter-jet-glitch/
Pentagon's big budget F-35 fighter "can't turn, can't climb, can't run"
http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/2014/07/14/pentagons-big-budget-f-35-fighter-cant-turn-cant-climb-cant-run/
Crack smoke
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2015/01/crack-smoke.html
More indications the F-35 program is a failure
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com.au/2014/12/more-indications-f-35-program-is-failure.html

Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 04 Jan 2015 15:46:02 -0800
Ibmekon writes:
I listened on TV to a designer who worked on an earlier Lockheed fighter. Pierre Bre ??? He said that 8 million lines of code were required for the F35.. The software schedule had slipped 6 months per year. And he suggested maybe 500 instead of the projected 2,500 would be built - and then the project canned - in favour of a new sooperdooper killing machine.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#4 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#5 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#6 NYT on Sony hacking

Pierre Sprey is one of Boyd's acolytes and responsible for A10.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Sprey

part of the argument ... is that F35 is too fragile and high maintenance to be forward deployed (like A10) ... where majority of activity is now timely close air support. That requires enormous speed and long range from rear deployment, forward deployment, and/or long loiter times (none of which F35 has). Next generation would be various kinds of drones ... but wouldn't be a big ticket item that MICC is addicted to.

one of the gimmicks regarding F35 costs is that they now separate the airframe and the engine ... the F35 costs are now frequently just the airframe ... with the (f35) engine as separate item.

posts & URLs referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent F35 post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO

F22 required 1.7M lines of code ... F35 is now projected to eventually require 24M lines of code (had started out as 8M est) ... and F35 is compromised design assuming that it would have F22 flying cover to take care of real threats ... recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#2 Did you see the one about the F-35 and F/A-18?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#86 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#96 Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#22 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#49 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Jan 2015 08:06:40 -0800
Ibmekon writes:
Has the USA really thought through the strategy of switching to drones ? No other country can afford to build and run an F35 , even if they download detailed plans. But if a drone with just a few pounds payload capability is captured and reprinted...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking

Much of the technology for both the F22 and F35 were downloaded last decade by a country in asia ... which is starting to show similar prototypes. There has been some discussion about whether the industries are just totally incompetent or whether there is some more convoluted plan about needing advisary threats to keep their money flowing or that other countries getting plans and building F35 knockoffs was really a scam to get them to waste their money on a bad design (or some combination of all three).

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

some of old cyber dumb thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#49 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#12 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Jan 2015 08:17:54 -0800
Ibmekon writes:
Anyway, the plan would have required too much expensive administration. Someone gotta draw up specs for the hole, someone gotta do an environmental survey, someone gotta inspect work in progress, someone gotta check on health issues, someone gotta measure the final hole before anyone is allowed to fill it in...a nightmare -:)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking

the current scenario is more like how to get all of DOD budget solely for the pentagon and for-profit companies .... and elimiante everybody else. MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

the estimate was last decade the baseline DOD budget was increased by little over $2T, $1+T for the two wars and $1+T that couldn't be accounted for. However, estimate for longterm cost of the two wars is $4T-$6T ... with benefits and medical costs ... which will put a big crimp on the amount that can be skimmed off by people in the Pentagon and for-profit companies.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LEO

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Jan 2015 14:24:26 -0800
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
There were over 20k spitters built, not to mention 15k hurricanes and 3k typhoons. Leaving aside the lend-lease P-40's, P-38's and P-51s, 1750 is an INsignificant fraction of the RAF WWII inventory. Just amongst the P-51, P-38, P-40, P-47 and F4U, there were close to 100,000 examples built for WWII stateside.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO

From "America's Defense Meltdown", loc3214:
Half of America's total World War II budget went to U.S. air power and, of that half, 65 percent went to multi-engine bombers. A major study to quantify the effectiveness of this huge investment was initiated in October 1944 at the direction of President Roosevelt. The United States Strategic Bombing Survey (USSBS) was to consist of a small group of civilian experts.

and loc3255:
In conclusion, the RAF and U.S. Army Air Force bomber commands fared rather poorly in their strategic bombardment campaigns. Eight of nine of the strategic bombardment campaigns were failures, contributing little to Allied victory.

... snip ...

Air Force had fabricated a "bomber gap" with the Soviets as part of justifying a 20% increase in DOD budget for building bombers. The important thing about the CIA U2, was that Eisenhower was able to use the photo recon to debunk the Air Force fabrication ... which contributes to his warning about the Military-Industrial(-Congressional) Complex in his goodby speech. posts mentioning military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Later rounds, head of CIA Colby was rejecting (team b) analysis ... so the president needed to replace the head of CIA with somebody that would go along with Team B. The stories have the selection two-fold 1) needing somebody that would agree with team b analysis and 2) sideline a political rival. team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

past refs to USSBS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#62 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#92 Off topic screeds (was Re: Friden Flexowriter equipment series)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#12 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#40 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LEO

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 05 Jan 2015 15:07:35 -0800
oh ... and at one end of paine field in everett
Upcoming Series: Battle of Britain 75 Years On

"Battle of Britain 75 Years On" January 21st at 7 p.m. and January 24th at noon Historian Mike Lavelle and John Sessions

Historic Flight Foundation is honored to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Britain with a spring series of presentations by elite aviation historians. Mike Lavelle will answer the scramble bell with "Battle of Britain 75 Years On." John Sessions will follow with a tribute to "The Other Few" including American, Canadian, Czech, Hungarian, Polish and other non-British, Battle of Britain pilots. Military re-enactors in authentic dress will participate.

"Just-in-Time Fighters" Historian Barry Latter February 7th at 7 p.m. and February 10th at noon

Barry Latter will present the particulars of the Spitfire and Hurricane; their development, manufacture and performance; in a most authentic English accent. Tea and biscuits will be served.

"The Battle of Britain Continued - The Blitz from October 1940 to May 1941" Historian Bill McCutcheon March 4th at 7 p.m. and March 7th at noon

In September, 1940, Hermann Goering recognized Royal Air Force fighters had succeeded in neutralizing Luftwaffe fighters, thereby precluding invasion of Britain before 1941. But the battle for the skies continued with bombers and rockets. Bill McCutcheon will share the weapons, key events and extraordinary people of this period.


--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
Date: 05 Jan 2015
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/banking-culture-encourages-dishonesty/

one of the big audit firms does annual survey of employees on fraud ... one of the questions is do they personally know of major dishonesty in their company ... financial industry has been running something like twice other industries ... one of the explanations was that money tends to attract amoral sociopaths

the surveys have been employees of corporations in different industries, including financial ... used car salesmen probably weren't included, not falling into that category ... but now that you mention it, during the S&L crisis investigation/prosecution ... there was a comment that with tight regulation, being a community bank officer required less skill than used car salesman ... however when the regulations were removed and reserve requirements cut it half, those officers were actually required to show some judgement ... not having any experience, they were sitting ducks for wallstreet predators with their junk bonds and other schemes. Then there is Black's theme that the best way to rob a back is to buy/own it.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_fraud

... the referenced nature paper by itself wouldn't be conclusive that dishonesty runs rampant through the banking industry ... but the scientific american article references that "together, this body of work may seem very discouraging" ... aka, the nature paper, the author's and other research on dishonesty in the financial industry.

for slight drift, from a recent posting in different fora .... at pdd63
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection
financial industry meetings, a major concern was that information sharing
https://www.fsisac.com/
would be subject to FOIA and the public would find out how bad it really is (aka the bad guys were already sharing the information).

at the time, studies claimed that 70% of financial industry fraud involved insiders. In the 80s, the state of the art was insider countermeasures involving multi-party operations ... and then collusion countermeasures (multiple insiders attempting to circumvent insider provision). There has since been lots of public press on external fraud (especially involving the internet), ... but there have been no claims that the percent of insider events have changed; in fact, insiders would tend to promote the internet/external themes as obfuscation and misdirection

past posts mentioning 70% insiders:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#35 More Phishing scams, still no SSL being used
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#35 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#32 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#94 PCI Compliance - Encryption of all non-console administrative access
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#72 Value of SSL client certificates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#74 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#4 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#85 Human error tops the list of security threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#54 In your experience which is a superior debit card scheme - PIN based debit or signature debit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#13 What risk of possible data leakage do you see for your organization?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#28 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#10 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#59 Target breach likely involved inside knowledge, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#66 Target breach likely involved inside knowledge, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#19 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data

past posts mentioning pdd63, fsisac &/or foia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#45 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#37 the personal data theft pandemic continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#48 Bankers as Partners In Crime Stopping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#47 Cyber crime 'more profitable than drugs'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#11 Banks should share cyber crime information IT PRO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#27 FBI: National data-breach law would help fight cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#45 ATM machines are increasingly attractive to hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#19 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#18 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#20 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#31 Julian Assange - Hero or Villain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#57 Law Interfering with Cybersecurity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#27 Measuring Cyberfraud, the fall rate of sky, and other metrics from the market for Silver Bullets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#30 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#29 Mitt Romney avoids U.S tax by using Offshore bank accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#64 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#65 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#12 Why Didn't the SEC Catch Madoff? It Might Have Been Policy Not To
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#23 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#65 The Real Snowden Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#76 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#93 Friden Flexowriter equipment series

past posts mentioning amoral sociopaths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#59 SSL digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30 Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#16 Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#99 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#1 Spontaneous conduction: The music man with no written plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#91 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#89 Auditors Don't Know Squat!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#15 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#22 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#28 The Reformers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#26 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#76 Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 06 Jan 2015 16:09:59 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
part of the argument ... is that F35 is too fragile and high maintenance to be forward deployed (like A10) ... where majority of activity is now timely close air support. That requires enormous speed and long range from rear deployment, forward deployment, and/or long loiter times (none of which F35 has). Next generation would be various kinds of drones ... but wouldn't be a big ticket item that MICC is addicted to.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking

... one of the themes over the past couple yrs, was that the F35 was going to take 20yrs and be ten yrs late ... while drone/unmanned technology was going through several iterations per year.

because of MICC orientation ... there is increasing speculation about having to acquire useable solutions from other places

note that current news is that air force is having staff issues with drone operation. old article from 2009 was comparing airforce operated drones in war zones with army operation of nearly identical drones. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#16 USAF officers slammed for pranging Predators on manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#42 Mission Control & Air Cooperation -- Part I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#64 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#8 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#50 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#0 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#52 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#8 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#68 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cromnibus cartoon

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Cromnibus cartoon
Date: 06 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.facebook.com/donald.vandergriff.1/posts/10204866153707061

other recent posts mentioning cromnibus bill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO

#2 on times list of those responsible (along with his wife) for economic mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

GLBA (bank modernization act) included repeal of Glass-Steagall, he also inserted clause (in cftc modernization act) keeping derivatives unregulated. GLBA initially passed along party lines (54-44) and folklore was that the president was going to veto it. they then went back and added several additions so that it eventually passes with veto proof 90-8 (and the president finally signs it).

President of AMEX was in competition to be next CEO and wins. Looser leaves and takes his protege with him and they go to Baltimore taking over what has been described as loan sharking business. They make several other acquisitions eventually acquiring citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling too big to fail). They enlist several senators in addition to the secretary of treasury. Once it is on its way (GLBA), secretary of treasury resigns and becomes what at the time is described as co-CEO of citi. The protegee then leaves and becomes CEO of one of the other too big to fail. CFTC clause originally described as favor to ENRON:
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

from above:
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission

.... snip ...

http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

from above:
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees,

... snip ...

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

from above:
That same year Greenspan, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt opposed an attempt by Brooksley Born, head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, to study regulating over-the-counter derivatives. In 2000, Congress passed a law keeping them unregulated.

... snip ...

Brooksley was fairly quickly replaced by Wendy Gramm as head of Commodity Futures Trading Commission (pending provision by her husband preventing regulating CDS) before Wendy then resigned to join Enron's board (and audit committee overseeing Enron financial reporting). Preventing regulation of CDS was originally favor for ENRON, but then later plays major role in the financial mess (and AIG).

glass-steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

they also start doing securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell to their customers and then take out CDS/derivative bets that they would fail (derivatives having been prevented from regulation) ... which created an enormous demand for dodgy mortgages.

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

In the wake of ENRON, congress passes Sarbanes-Oxley ... claims were that it would guarantee executives and auditors responsible for public company fraudulent financial reporting would do jail time ... but it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything; GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showing increase after Sarbanes-Oxley (and nobody doing jail time). SOX even included provision that SEC do something about rating agencies ... but nothing happened there either (massive deregulation going on, but even the remaining regulations weren't being enforced).

sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
fraudulent financial filings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Late 90s, I was also invited into NSCC (before merge with DTC creating DTCC) to look at improving integrity of trading transactions on exchanges. I worked on it for awhile, but then was called in and told work was suspended. A side-effect of the integrity work was significant increase in transparency and visibility ... which is antithetical to wallstreet culture. Roll forward to congressional hearings into Madoff, they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). They asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new regulation might be needed, much more important was transparency and visibility (aka SEC wasn't even enforcing regulations it had).

New secretary of treasury asks for funds to buy toxic assets (greenspan has allowed them to be carried "off-book") from the too big to fail. Congress appropriates $700B ... but just the 4 largest too big to fail are still carrying $5.2T toxic assets "off book" at the end of 2008 (there apparently was never any intention of using TARP funds for that purpose)
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

note from the law of unintended consequences, the too big to fail then are setting up massive robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures (the documents that they had eliminated when originally making the loans).

Reports that AIG are negotiating to pay-off derivative/CDS gambling bets at 50-60 cents on the dollar. Sec. of Treasury steps in and says that it is illegal to pay off at less than face value, forces AIG to take massive gov. funds (to pay off at face value) and makes them sign legal document that they can't sue those making the derivative/CDS gambling bets. The largest beneficiary of this largesse is firm that the secretary of treasury had previously run ... it turns out that the previous secretary of treasury involved in GLBA had also been head of that company at one time (there has been joke that the dept. of treasury is that company's branch office in washington DC). more recent news:

AIG Bailout Trial Bombshell III: Paulson Lied to Congress About TARP
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/10/aig-bailout-trial-bombshell-iii-paulson-lied-to-congress-about-tarp.html

head of CIA was replaced with somebody that would go along with Team B numbers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

replacement CIA director then is VP ... at one point claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family, one son
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another son
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

The economic mess has had no criminal referrals and nobody doing jail time, even though it was 70 times larger than the S&L crises which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions.

Team B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

a little theory from today:

In Appreciation of Lord Robert Skidelsky -- Presentation for Economists for Peace and Security
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/01/appreciation-lord-robert-skidelsky-presentation-economists-peace-security.html

disclaimer: Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into the crash of '29, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal charges; had been scanned the fall before at the Boston Public Library) with lots of internal x-links and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that new congress might have appetite to do something). I worked on it for some time and then got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).

As previously mentioned use of TARP ($700B) funds to buy (off-book) toxic assets was total facade ... what was really going on was Federal Reserve was bailing out the too big to fail behind the scenes with ZIRP funds and buying toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar (had been going for 22cents on the dollar summer and fall of 2008) ... Federal Reserve fought litigation for over a year attempting to prevent release of the details.

At one point Bernanke said that he had expected that the too big to fail would take the trillions in ZIRP funds and lend to mainstreet, fueling economic recovery (but when they didn't, he didn't stop the funds). Note one of Bernanke's supposed qualifications for the job was expert on crash of '29 when the federal reserve used a similar approach and the banks didn't lend to mainstreet then either.

Bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

trivia: original statements on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA (now known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that if you already had banking charter, you got to keep it, if you didn't already have a banking charter you couldn't get one (primarily gift to banking industry to keep new competition out of banking ... specifically naming WalMart and Microsoft). Note as part of federal reserve bailout, it granted banking charters to some of the too big to fail purely investment banks (most notably the institution that had previously been led by both the then current sec. of treasury and the one at time of GLBA) so they could have access to ZIRP funds (which theoretically was violation of GLBA).

GLBA also threw in (federal preemption) opt-out privacy sharing (banks could share your personal information unless they had record of you objecting) ... heading off the "opt-in" legislation being worked on in cal (banks could only share your personal information when they had record of you agreeing). At 2004 annual privacy organization conference in Wash. DC, they had panel of all the FTC commissioners. Somebody in the audience got up and asked them if they were going to do anything about "opt-out". He said he was associated with call-center technology used by all the financial institutions and knew that none of the institutions provided any means of making a record of 1-800 "opt-out" calls.

my work for NSCC on trading transaction integrity isn't on the same level ... but:

Nobel Laureate Stiglitz Blocked From SEC Panel After Faulting High-Speed Traders
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2015-01-05/stiglitz-blocked-from-sec-panel-after-faulting-high-speed-trades.html

and:

Is Citi The Next AIG?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-05/citi-next-aig-70-trillion-reasons-why-citigroup-and-congress-scrambled-pass-swaps-pu

adding repeal of Glass-Steagall to GLBA was mostly favor to Citi ... above discusses how the latest exemption for derivatives was also done largely in conjunction with Citi (which was largely the motivation for the cartoon starting this discussion) ... "put taxpayers on the hook for FDIC-insured derivative exposure".

recent posts mentioning ZIRP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#4 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#10 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#37 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#43 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#89 Forbes perspective on IBM's troubles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#94 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#3 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#4 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#6 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#11 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#23 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#29 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#43 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NYT on Sony hacking

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: NYT on Sony hacking
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:27:24 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
... one of the themes over the past couple yrs, was that the F35 was going to take 20yrs and be ten yrs late ... while drone/unmanned technology was going through several iterations per year.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking

part of the theme is that by the time the F35 is fully operational, drone technology will be generations far ahead. The previous drone "pranging" reference was that Air Force had officer pilots in nevada "flying" drones world-wide ... while the army had in-theater sergeants operating their drones ... with the direction being local military controlling mission operation of the drone while actual "flying" becomes autonomous.

one of the most recent criticism of F35 is almost identical to short-coming of US auto industry brought up in the 1990 C4 taskforce meetings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

US industry elapsed time was 7-8yrs to design, develope & deliver new model while foreign competition had cut that time in half and were in process of cutting it in half again. The problem was there was increasingly tight tolerances ... the extreme example (at the time) was corvette ... the external skin and internal components layout had been established in the 7-8yr old original design ... and they were finding significant problems because numerous of the internal off-the-shelf components will have undergone significant changes over the interval and no longer fit ... requiring significant rework & delays. The F35 20yr period is that there is little rework opportunity and they have to stick with 20yr old custom components.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

article from today by one of Boyd's acolytes

Can a Gold-Plated Military Counter ISIS?
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2015/01/can-gold-plated-military-counter-isis.html

past posts & web URLs referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

in related thread in Boyd themed discussion group, somebody posted today
Until the latest of our world conflicts, the United States had no armaments industry. American makers of plowshares could, with time and as required, make swords as well. But now we can no longer risk emergency improvisation of national defense; we have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions. Added to this, three and a half million men and women are directly engaged in the defense establishment. We annually spend on military security more than the net income of all United State corporations.

This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience. The total influence-economic, political, even spiritual-is felt in every city, every state house, every office of the Federal government. We recognize the imperative need for this development. Yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the very structure of our society.

In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.


... snip ...

other recent posts mentioning Eisenhower:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 09 Jan 2015 12:57:48 -0800
also google+
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/LsRKUxSu8Mt

Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.networkworld.com/article/2867125/wireless/spaceshot-3-200-megapixel-camera-for-powerful-cosmos-telescope-moves-forward.html

In the early '80s, I got asked to do some stuff with what was then called Berkeley 10m (that would go up in Hawaii, since renamed Keck). Part of the effort was move from film to CCD ... and they were working with 200x200 CCD (40K, kilopixel) at Lick observatory (near san jose). Part of the issue was being able to do remote viewing in the states and needed T1 link from Hawaii (for image transmission) ... some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#9 Jack Kilby dead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#30 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#80 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe

past posts mentioning HSDT (high-speed data transport) effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 11 Jan 2015 10:18:29 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Searching a little, I found this:

http://www.lsst.org/lsst/science/concept_camera

which notes that the camera will be built from 16 megapixel CCD chips.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#19 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward

old Keck reference from 2003
http://www.keckobservatory.org/index.php/recent/entry/keck_observatorys_premier_planet-hunting_machine_is_getting_even_better/

from above:
The new CCD system will be a mosaic of three 2048 x 4096 CCD chips with 15-micron pixels arranged in a stacked configuration for an image dimension of 6144 x 4096 pixels, about 130 percent larger in area than the current CCD.

... snip ...

quite an improvement from 40 kilopixel in 1983.

some discussion of both Lick and Keck here
http://www.ucolick.org/~kibrick/

for remote viewing they have 1Gbit/sec link (as part of Internet2) ... up from the T1 link that they were talking to me about in the early 80s. Some old posts about HSDT working on T1 and higher speed links in the early & mid-80s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

We were then asked to look at T1 links interconnecting all the NSF supercomputer centers ... and we were suppose to get $20M for the effort. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually NSF released an RFP for the interconnect. Internal politics prevents us from bidding. The director of NSF tries to help (writing letter to company with support of other agencies) ... but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does statements that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). With regional networks connecting to the NSF supercomputer nodes, it evolves into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
Date: 11 Jan 2015
Blog: IBM - Past and Present Employees
IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/09/ibm_biggest_ever_reorg/

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM ... one of the themes was his example of US military rigid, top-down (centralized) command&control for WW2 requiring 11% officers (growing to 20%) compared to German's culture requiring only 3% officers. He characterized it as EBFAS:

Einheit is mutual trust, oneness, unity, cohesion, similar implicit orientation.

Behendigkeit is mental agility, the ability to see and break out of deep patterns or ruts in thinking. Boyd called this process 'building snowmobiles' or creativity under fire. Or improvisation under fire.

Fingerspitzengefuhl is a 'finger tip feel' for the battle field or market or organization. It is a sense of health of the organization, intuitive competence, know yourself/know your enemy.

Auftragstaktik is mission command or mission orders. It is a contract between leaders and subordinates. The German's now call it fuhren mit auftrag or leading by mission. The why is emphasized and not the how. It is also referred to as commander's intent. It is decentralized command concept.

Schwerpunkt is focus and direction, goal, strategic objective, destination, vision. It is the 'hard point' or 'difficult point'. In German, it is the center of gravity. It is an unmoving target that everyone is working towards.


... snip ...

Boyd would observe that US corporate culture was being contaminated by former military officers climbing the corporate ladder.

There has some recent discussion in Boyd themed groups (among Boyd acolytes and aficionados) and auftragstaktik, where there is trust and rigid, top-down, centralized command&control.

semi-relevant
https://medium.com/fall-when-hit/peter-thiel-takes-on-john-boyd-2bf727fe3055

auftragstaktik is contrasted with befehistaktik ... focused on executing a set of orders. The Four Generations of Modern War, loc175-81:
Remember, Waterloo is a great Prussian victory, not a great British victory. If the Prussians hadn't shown up, the British would have lost. So von Muffling is with the British dragoons and he sees an opportunity where if they'll only charge, they may be able to decide the outcome of the battle. And nothing happens.

So he rides over to the dragoon commander and says, "why aren't you attacking?" And the Brit replies, "I can't, I don't have orders." And von Muffling is appalled. At the ball that night, he tells the story to Wellington. And Wellington says, "Quite right. If he'd acted without orders, I would have had him court-martialed."


... snip ...

I've periodically commented on some of the worst combination of distributed and centralized. Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but open the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls. They were fighting off distributed computing and client/server trying to preserve their dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with a drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to correct the problem but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

posts and web URLs referencing boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts mentioning terminal emulation paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

some recent posts referencing cloud & ibm:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#108 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#53 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#20 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#24 IBM Opens New SoftLayer Data Center In Hong Kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#46 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble

recent posts mentioning EBFAS/auftragstaktik
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#80 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#4 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#40 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#37 History--computer performance comparison chart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#40 China's Fifth-Generation Fighter Could Be A Game Changer In An Increasingly Tense East Asia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#51 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#68 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#49 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 11 Jan 2015 13:23:34 -0800
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
The British had a _long_ history of using anyone to fight their wars.

Prussians in the 1750s, Indians in 1770s, Russians in Napoleons wars, aand so on. One of the big reasons for occupying India was "Almost unlimited manpower", also


cross-over from recent posts in ibm group on organization culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders

this URL
https://medium.com/fall-when-hit/peter-thiel-takes-on-john-boyd-2bf727fe3055

and ... auftragstaktik is contrasted with befehistaktik ... focused on executing a set of orders. The Four Generations of Modern War, loc175-81:
Remember, Waterloo is a great Prussian victory, not a great British victory. If the Prussians hadn't shown up, the British would have lost. So von Muffling is with the British dragoons and he sees an opportunity where if they'll only charge, they may be able to decide the outcome of the battle. And nothing happens.

So he rides over to the dragoon commander and says, "why aren't you attacking?" And the Brit replies, "I can't, I don't have orders." And von Muffling is appalled. At the ball that night, he tells the story to Wellington. And Wellington says, "Quite right. If he'd acted without orders, I would have had him court-martialed."


... snip ...

a couple older posts mentioning wellington:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#63 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history

Elements of Military Art and Science Or, Course Of Instruction In Strategy, Fortification, Tactics Of Battles, loc5130-31:
Wellington, who led the English in these campaigns, was of the same age as Napoleon, and had been educated at the same time with him in the military schools of France.

... snip ...

I've mentioned before one of the (ww1) blackadder episodes somebody asking english officer (mr. bean character) about his extensive past experience in battles ... and he makes some reference to shooting pygmies attacking with mangos.

my wife was recently doing some geneology and traces back to:
http://home.comcast.net/~batsto/Families/Garoutte/Garoutte.html

It is generally understood that Michael was educated for the Priesthood and that he attended the same military schools as Lafayette, and that he was highly educated. It is a fact that they were close friends, and the age of 25, in the year 1775, Michael Garoutte outfitted his own ship and left his home in Marseilles and came to America to aid the colonies in gaining their independence.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Young's Black Hat 2013 talk - was mainframe tribute song

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Young's Black Hat 2013 talk - was mainframe tribute song
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Jan 2015 13:54:40 -0800
charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:
I am not certain that "MVS exposures" versus "lax security" is a black and white dichotomy. It's easy to look after the fact at any breach and say "aha! You should not have done X." I don't think the role of we security practitioners is solely pointing out "exposures" in MVS to IBM. I think helping customers with common less-than-ideal practices is more important.

Logica was a professional service bureau with a professionally-maintained z/OS. They got breached. One might infer that other MVS sites, and not just those with "lax" (however defined) security practices, might also be vulnerable.


long ago and far away we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; they had also invented this technology they called SSL that they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called e-commerce.

early experience found that RDBMS-based ecommerce servers had more frequent exploits than flat-file based ecommerce servers ... these weren't intrinsic to the environment ... it was that RDBMS-based ecommerce servers were a lot more complicated ... and as a result people were more prone to making mistakes resulting in exploits (there is some amount of security literature about "exploits proportional to complexity", which is a counter to the periodic meme of "security through obscurity").

much more recently there have been some SQL-specific attacks
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SQL_injection

which claims that they can attack any type of SQL database (although a case might be made that SQL-injection is another characteristic of RDBMS/SQL being more complex).

disclaimer: I periodically have stressed KISS as a major security theme.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses.
Date: 12 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.facebook.com/critt.jarvis/posts/601741989959308
and
https://www.facebook.com/donald.vandergriff.1/posts/10204997303145715

Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/01/12/by-focusing-on-the-mcdonnells-were-ignoring-the-bigger-more-pernicious-corruption-right-under-our-noses/

Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

Some number of articles that consultant in 2008 advised wallstreet to put every influential economist on retainer that they could .... to make sure everything possible was slanted in their favor ... along the lines of "merchants of doubt" used by tobacco industry in the 50s. Also economist professional society only recently advised revealing conflicts of interests ... but standard still much weaker than other professions

lots has been written about wallstreet "captured" the regulators ... but less about the related "capture" of influential economists
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/glenn-hubbard-leading-academic-and-mitt-romney-advisor-took-1200-an-hour-to-be-countrywides-expert-witness-20121220
and
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2
loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

... another quote loc957-62:

The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.

... snip ..

with regard to testimony that countrywide did nothing wrong ... this is fine paid ($16.65B by BofA after acquiring countrywide) for wrong doing (largest fine ever)
http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/bank-america-pay-1665-billion-historic-justice-department-settlement-financial-fraud-leading

The CEO of countrywide (at the time) is #1 on time's list of those that are responsible for the economic mess ... and related news
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-20/countrywide-s-mozilo-said-to-face-u-s-suit-over-loans.html

past posts mentioning "inside job":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#51 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#47 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#62 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#44 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#50 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#8 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society

recent posts mentioning time's list of those responsible
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#7 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#80 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#15 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#95 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#21 Senate Democrats vs. the Middle Class; Senators elected in 2008 made Obama's agenda possible, and its results have harmed most Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#29 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#73 The Watchdog that Didn't Bark ... Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#121 Presenting The $303 Trillion In Derivatives That US Taxpayers Are Now On The Hook For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#153 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Gutting Dodd-Frank

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Gutting Dodd-Frank
Date: 13 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
Gutting Dodd-Frank
https://www.facebook.com/donald.vandergriff.1/posts/10204997253224467

references:

https://www.facebook.com/senatorelizabethwarren/photos/a.135603796602122.29462.131559043673264/405413202954512/

from above:
House Republicans are trying over and over again to water down the financial regulations on Wall Street and give the big banks more time to gamble with taxpayer-backed money. I'm glad that President Obama has committed to protecting Dodd-Frank and standing up to those who want to chip away at critical financial reforms. Wall Street doesn't need another giveaway.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/legislative/sap/114/saphr37r_20150112.pdf


... snip ..

Note that in other places Warren has referred to attempts to gut even the "weak, watered down" Dodd-Frank. #1 on time's list of those responsible was CEO of countrywide ... and Dodd was labeled as one of the members in congress known as "Friends of Angelo" (somewhat reminiscent of the "Keating Five" from the S&L Crisis).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program

Financial mess last decade was 70 times larger than the S&L Crisis which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions, this time there have been *NO* criminal referrals or convictions. other references in related posts
https://www.facebook.com/donald.vandergriff.1/posts/10204866153707061
and
https://www.facebook.com/donald.vandergriff.1/posts/10204997303145715

at the time Dodd-Frank was being drafted there were comments about lots of ploys to make it look like it would accomplish something but that it had purposeful fatal/flaws features that would eventually result in nothing actually changing.

Reminds me semantic study of all patents found 30% of computer technology related patents were filed in other categories with very obfuscated description .... so called "submarine patents" ... they would wait until somebody invested huge amount into something that might be construed as infringement (when they would sue).

60mins had segment on medicare part-d (first major legislation after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002, aka had required spending not exceed tax revenue). Very complex bill ... but hours before final vote, the 18 (republican) congressional members/staffers responsible for the bill added one line sentence that precluded competitive bidding (and prevented distribution of report detailing effect of change). 60mins showed drugs under part-d 3times the cost of identical drugs under VA (that allows competitive bidding). They also found that after it passes, all 18 members/staffers resigned and were on drug industry payrolls. Comptroller General describe it as gift to drug industry and long-term $40T item that comes to swamp all other budget items.

medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

There is story that they sent Jefferson to France while they produced the constitution in private ... not allowing any of the deliberations to leak. When it wasn't ratified, they brought Jefferson back to write the bill of rights. It took decades before the deliberations were made public ... past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#20 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#27 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#78 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#24 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Jan 2015 12:59:17 -0800
Bob Martin <bob.martin@excite.com> writes:
You've still got things back-to-front. Britain was at war with Germany long before the USA declared war. And Britain was not alone - by the time the yanks woke up, Russia was also involved.

recent presentation about history of commercial jet planes (the weds. night presentations are repeated on saturday)
http://historicflight.org/hf/

included some comments about Lindberg had cozied up to Germany and then was nearly untouchable and couldn't get a job (previously had worked with some of the major players responsible for commercial jet planes).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Lindbergh

however, lindberg wasn't the only one, one of the Dulles brothers (and related wallstreet bankers) were also ... and his brother kept telling him he had to stop ... later tried to be excused as being so rabid anti-communist, he viewed hitler as antidote to stalin.

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc896-98:
Foster had clear financial reasons to collaborate with the Nazi regime, and his ideological reason—Hitler was fiercely anti-Bolshevik—was equally compelling

... snip ....

past reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Webcasts - New Technology for System z

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Webcasts - New Technology for System z
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Tue, 13 Jan 2015 17:08:55 -0800
Kees.Vernooij@KLM.COM (Vernooij, CP - KLM , ITOPT1) writes:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyper-threading
Hyper-threading (officially Hyper-Threading Technology or HT Technology, abbreviated HTT or HT) is Intel's proprietary simultaneous multithreading (SMT) implementation <...> It first appeared in February 2002 on Xeon server processors and in November 2002 on Pentium 4 desktop CPUs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simultaneous_multithreading
While multithreading CPUs have been around since the 1950s, simultaneous multithreading was first researched by IBM in 1968 as part of the ACS-360 project.


I got sucked into project in the early 70s that was looking at doing implemention for 370/195 ... but didn't happen; recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#19 Microsoft Open Sources .NET, Saying It Will Run on Linux and Mac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#105 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#115 Mill Computing talk in Estonia on 12/10/2104
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware

details of acs-360 and being shutdown because executives were afraid that it would advance state-of-the-art too fast and they would loose control of the market ... describes some features that showup more than 20yrs later in es/9000.
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 13 Jan 2015 23:32:57 -0800
hancock4 writes:
People who were anti-Bolshevik had good reason to be so. Stalin and his henchmen were just as evil and muderous as Hitler--they did attack Finland, Poland, and took over Latvia, Lithuania, and one other; and murdered untold millions of their own people. But Hitler's attack made Stalin the victim, and Churchill, who hated Stalin, freely admitted he'd gladly partner up with him to beat Hitler.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#22 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

and soviet union took up 3/4ths of germany's military resources.

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#34 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#62 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#63 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#49 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#51 LEO

and more John Foster ties to Germany, loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Jan 2015 08:37:58 -0800
Stan Barr <plan.b@bluesomatic.org> writes:
Support for the South was patchy, but existed. Merseyside supplied ships and shipped loads of arms etc to the South. (Liverpool was the last city to lower the Stars-and-Bars after the civil war - about five years after!) You had a situation where one pub in a street was for the North and another for the South and running battles would break out as the evening wore on :-)

some of this has been positioned as the scots (indepentent, inclusive) against the english (class society, exclusive).

"how nations fail" has original jamestown the english attempted to emulate the spanish, enslave the local population to support the operation ... they nearly starved because the locals were totally different. the english then had to send over different composition of people to provide their support. the original charters for maryland, virginia, carolina had lower-class (english) with no rights ... pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."

... pg22
The colonists of Jamestown learned little from this initial experience. As 1608 proceeded, they continued their quest for gold and precious metals. They still did not seem to understand that to survive, they could not rely on the locals to feed them through either coercion or trade. It was Smith who was the first to realize that the model of colonization that had worked so well for Cortés and Pizarro simply would not work in North America. The underlying circumstances were just too different. Smith noted that, unlike the Aztecs and Incas, the peoples of Virginia did not have gold.

... snip ...

fiske's history has that if it weren't for the influence of the scotts from the mid-atlantic states, the english influence would have had a constitution much more reflecting english exclusive class society. Webb's book "How the Scots-Irish Shaped America" has a similar theme.

"triumphant plutocracy" and "web of debt" has the constitution convention done in private while jefferson was in France. When the states didn't ratify it, jefferson was brought back from France for the "bill of rights" ... which finally resulted in the consitution ratification. It took several decades before the deliberations of the constitution convention was made public.

various histories of the civil war has england aligned with the south, south providing cotton to the mills in england ... and england building ships for the south's military effort (some of the south's military ships had confederate officers but english crews). Much of the english colonization effort was raw materials from the colonies at rock-bottom prices with all manufacturing done in england at premium prices ... and all foreign goods for colonies having to pass through english ports (with appropriate markup). The north had broken away from england in the sense that it had established its own manufacturing industries. Dispartiy between manufacturing capability between the north and south put the south at enormous disadvantage once the north was blockading southern ports.

England was building the south's ships. The north was building its own ships, ... "by the end of 1861 the navy numbered 264 vessels. At the close of the war it had 671 ships, carrying 4,610 guns and 50,000 sailors"

inequality refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past leet-men refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#17 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#84 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Jan 2015 10:00:29 -0800
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
There is a Wired on line article with this title. It is pointing out that it is now a decade since IBM made desktop computers but they are still in the business of making big iron.

http://www.wired.com/2015/01/z13-mainframe/

So why do it? It isn't issues of processor speed, application size or mass storage management anymore


two years ago, IBM processor sales were 4% of revenue, but the mainframe group accounted for 25% of revenue (and 40% of profit) ... sales and services ... there is still a core of very high value applications that run on mainframes ... with risk of reengineering, for some other platform, still very high.

There have been a few very large financial datacenters with scores of max. configured mainframes that are constantly updated to the latest model ... that have been accounting for a significant percentage of new sales (and continued revenue).

long winded recent posts/thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#142 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble

I've referenced before in the early 90s, the board brought in the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company ... possibly the board was heavily influenced by AMEX and the rest of the financial industry to continue with the mainframe business. Also, about the same time as that was going on, AMEX spun off its financial services dataprocessing outsourcing business as FDC (in the largest IPO up until that time). One of its datacenters had 40+ max configured mainframes (@$30M) and none older than 18months.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Jan 2015 22:41:36 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
FDR 'loaned' a number of WW 1 destroyers and destroyrr escorts to the Royal Navy they desperately needed, in exchange for bases.

Protection of US home waters was from Canada and the US out to Iceland, before Dec 7, 1941. The USS Reuben James and the USS Kearney were attacked by U-boats in November, 1941.

The Biritish military loved the anti-submarine and anti-aircraft trainers the US developed and sent personnel over to use them.


several quotes (on same subject)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#43 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
from "Lessons Not Learned: The U.S. Navy's Status Quo Culture"
http://www.amazon.com/Lessons-Not-Learned-Status-Culture-ebook/dp/B00DKMWP2Q/

loc1293-95:
Canada started the war with a navy of only eleven ships, five of which were minesweepers, and just 1,800 men in the regular Navy, but by the end had accounted for the destruction or capture of nearly fifty German submarines. The U.S. Navy began the war with over 337,000 personnel and more than 300 ships.

loc1303-4:
Despite this "less than overwhelming" performance, the U.S. Navy did not seem to have a clue that the Canadians and British were far more significant players in the Battle of the Atlantic.

loc1317-18:
Not surprisingly, much of what the American public was told about U.S. Navy ASW performance in the Atlantic was outright fabrication, said Regan.

loc1321-22:
Basically, the Navy department began issuing lies. They claimed twenty-eight U-boats had been sunk off the east coast whereas the correct figure was nil.

loc1322-24:
Regan summarized that "the Navy PR officers were not so easily defeated as their anti-submarine operation," 76 in what amounted to a vast spin campaign to protect negligent senior admirals from public disgrace and possible dismissal.

... snip ...

other quotes ("Lessons Not Learned") loc1257-59:
After much destruction, the seemingly intransigent Americans began to listen to the British and Canadians, but only because of direct orders from the president himself, 59 who told Admiral King to establish a convoy escort system, as the British had long suggested.

loc1267-68:
In 1939, said the late Harvard professor Samuel Morison, only about sixty U.S. destroyers were equipped with sonar, whereas the RN had 165 such destroyers, plus fifty-four other ships.

... snip ...

last friday aircraft carrier debate at annapolis
http://www.informationdissemination.net/2015/01/is-carrier-as-obsolete-as-battleship.html
http://zenpundit.com/?p=42803
"Lots of numbers and statistics were thrown around, but one issue did not enter the debate: it has been 70 years since an aircraft carrier was shot at. The lesson of the Falklands War underscores the potential power of modern precision munitions, and carriers are big targets."

... snip ...

including by submarines mentioned in this recent AWS drift:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#47 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 14 Jan 2015 22:55:59 -0800
hancock4 writes:
My guess that there is nn incredible amount of legacy applications, batch and online, for which users need mission critical reliability and extremely high speed processing. No one EVER claimed programming the S/360 architecture* was easy. But it was designed for business needs, therein it continues to serve a role.

In addition, there is a huge installed base of legacy applications that will take years and milllions to convert. Sometimes, you read about a multi-million dollar conversion projrect getting into a mess and being abandoned.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

the big financial datacenters with legacy stuff some starting out 30-40 years ago ... it isn't just the straight forward application software .... but both ibm and the large financial customers have evolved an enormous amount of ancillary infrastructure over the decades tailored for those environments.

re-engineering that environment will be more than just the straight line application programming.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 09:29:18 -0800
Stephen Wolstenholme <steve@easynn.com> writes:
Because some business systems need a central engine. It's ancient software that needs mainframes. It cheaper to buy new mainframes than change the software. Most of the people who produced the software systems in the 1960 and 1970 are now retired. I'm one of them!

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#32 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

I would claim that it may be the whole eco-system as much as it is the straight-line programming.

just saw an item in the ibm-main that the latest z13 processors aren't much more powerful than the previous ec12 processors ... it is that there are lot more of them in multiprocessor configuration and they have a lot more features (while still preserving the legacy eco-system, old stuff continues to run the same way, not just a matter of the instruction set). Its not just the cost of changing the software ... there is the risk of something that is overlooked in the overall eco-system ... and things might fail in unexpected ways (and the cost of unexpected failure/outage is more than the change cost savings).

somebody recently commented that almost all new boeing stuff is going into everett plant at paine field. when I was undergraduate and brought into boeing the summer of 1969, as part of creation of BCS (boeing computer services, consolidate all dataprocessing into separate business unit ... to better monetize the business investment; slight analogy with modern cloud computing) ... I thought the renton datacenter was possibly the largest in the world (that summer they had a constant flow of incoming new 360/65s, always boxes in the halls around the datacenter awaiting installation). However there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer warms up and the resulting mud flow takes out the Renton datacenter. They calculated that the cost to Boeing of not having the Renton datacenter for a week was more than the cost of the datacenter ... so they were in the process of replicating the datacenter at the (then new) 747 plant up in Everett (737s are still being made in Renton).

I could see where a large financial datacenter might just figure have program of introducing new stuff with new technology and keeping legacy apps around as the slowly obsolete over period of decades. The latest announcement focused on new mainframe features may be oriented towards slowly any such transition down (since so much of IBM's profits is tied to mainframe software & services).

At the same time, IBM has had a major reorg with cloud computing orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders

IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders CEO Ginny Rometty making her mark...(it has been 3+ years)
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/09/ibm_biggest_ever_reorg/

recent BCS posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#31 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#9 Boyd for Business & Innovation Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#19 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#23 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#69 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#36 IBM Historic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#92 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#28 Does IBM CEO Rometty Understand Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#57 Interesting and somewhat disturbing article about IBM in BusinessWeek. What is your opinion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#62 Interesting and somewhat disturbing article about IBM in BusinessWeek. What is your opinion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#63 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#13 IBM & Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#31 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#40 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#52 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#14 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#84 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#15 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#88 IBM sees boosting profit margins as more important than sales growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#143 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 09:46:44 -0800
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
They paid in lives and bombed cities. The French got off relatively free. Of course, they spent years under the German heel and had their naval fleet destroyed and most of their naval personnel killed.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#8 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#22 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#31 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

there were battles with the french navy in ww2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Mers-el-K%C3%A9bir
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=96

french ships in battle with US
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=100
http://listverse.com/2011/03/02/top-10-little-known-events-in-world-war-ii/

from above:
During Operation Torch, Vichy forces were forced to fight against invading allies. "The stiff Vichy resistance cost the Americans 556 killed and 837 wounded. Three hundred British troops and 700 French soldiers were also killed."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: comp.misc, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:24:18 -0800
Whiskers <catwheezel@operamail.com> writes:
I think it's inevitable; when there are millions of people doing stuff "in the cloud", you need a humdinger of a cloud.

there is some amount of difference between mobile ecosystem and cloud/server ecosystem (whether it is mainframe or chips running the same instruction set)

recent postings in similar thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#32 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#33 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

recent comment in ibm-main that max. configured z13 is about 30% more processing power than max. configured (previous generation) ec12 ... but that the processors are about the same power (with some new features) but 30% more of them.

The max. configured EC12 @75BIPS and $33M is $440K/BIPS. IBM had base list price of $1815 for e5-2600v1 blade ... approx. $3.50/BIPS. For decade or so the large cloud megadatacenters claim they assemble their own servers blades for 1/3rd the price of brand name (IBM, DELL, HP, etc) or a little over $1/BIPS (increasing shift to cloud computing putting downward pressure on server profit margins and possible motivation for IBM to unload its server business). Newer e5-2699v3 at 1.3TIPS is over twice the processing power of e5-2600v1 blades of 2-3 years ago (A single rack of e5-2699v3 blades would represent more processing power than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today ... and a typical cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of such blades at nearly one millionth the cost of equivalent mainframe processing).

there have been periodic comments that the server chip makers have been shipping more chips to cloud operations (for their own assembly) than to brand name server vendors ... so it wouldn't be too unexpected that just recently amazon announced that they are starting to get cloud customized server chips for their latest e5-2600 blades

Amazon's new EC2 compute instances run on SECRET INTEL CHIPS Custom Xeons power high-perf cloudy number crunchers
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/13/amazons_new_ec2_compute_instances_run_on_secret_intel_chips/

in late 70s, I was told that even if I provided fully tested and integrated support for FBA disks for the POK favorite son mainframe operating system ... that I still needed a $26M (new incremental) business case to cover education and documentation (possibly just an excuse). That operating system still *ONLY* supports CKD DASD ... even tho real CKD DASD hasn't been manufactured for decades (having to be simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

latest numbers I've seen for I/O throughput is max. I/O benchmark for z196 (generation prior to ec12). It used 104 FICONs (heavyweight mainframe channel protocol simulation on top of industry standard fiber channel standard that drastically cuts the native throughput) to get 2M IOPS. About the same time there was a native fibre channel announced for E5-2600 claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS would have higher throughput than 104 FCS running FICON protocol). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

EC12 announced it would have about 30% higher I/O throughput (than z196, and 50% higher processor throughput than z196, combination faster processors and more processors). Initial references I've seen is that z13 will be about 30% faster than EC12 (mostly from having more processors). FICONs references for z13 seems to be same as EC12 and z196.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 11:12:01 -0800
Joe Chisolm <jchisolm6@earthlink.net> writes:
A Dell box running VMware serving web pages for smart phone buying is not much different, just a matter of scale. I can have 100 Dell boxes ("miniframes") or consolidate it all in a big mainframe. If I read the specs correctly the z13 can go up to 10TB of memory, 360 IO channels and 8000 VMs running Linux

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

z196 is 64 processor and 50BIPS, ec12 is 101 processors and 75BIPS (and 30% more i/o throughput than z196), so far z13 seems to be 30% more processors and throughput ... or around 100BIPS.

e5-2699v3 blade is claiming 1.3TIPS ... and e5-2600v4 blades will be here shortly with intel tic-tock roadmap ("tock" at 14nm)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Tick-Tock

... max blades/rack configurations are approaching 100 (for high density operations).

as referenced, 360 IO channels are actually 360 FICONs ... the heavyweight mainframe channel emulation protocol running on industry fibre channel standard ... that drastically cuts the native throughput ... one of the reasons that they have to have so many
http://www.garlic.com/submisc.html#ficon

from the z196 max i/o benchmarks with 104 FICONs getting 2M IOPS ... or about 19K IOPS/FICON (running on industry standard fibre channel) ... compared to native fibre channel standard claims of over million IOPS.

myth of high i/o throughput with large numbers of channel somewhat started in the mid-80s with the 3090 mainframe. The 3090 had sized the number of channels based on throughput assumptions about the new generation of 3mbyte 3880 disk controllers and 3mbyte 3380 disks.

The new 3880 disk controllers with 3mbyte/sec data transfer seemed faster ... but they had slower processors than the previous generation 3830 disk controllers and control operations took much longer. The mainframe channel protocol is half-duplex end-to-end operation ... and with control operations taking much longer ... there was significant amount of time when channel was busy but not doing anything while the 3880 disk controller did its thing. As a result, the 3090 had to significantly increase the number of channels to get target aggregate IO throughput. This resulted in having to add TCMs and increased the manufacturing cost (there was semi-facetious reference that the 3090 processor group was going to charge off the increased manufacturing costs against the 3880 disk controller group). At the same time, marketing took the opportunity to respin the "low throughput/channel" requirement for large number of channels into isn't it fantastic to have large number of channels.

past posts about doing a mainframe full-duplex, asynchronous channel implementation in 1980 for channel extender that drastically improved throughput effectiveniess.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 11:19:44 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
We were smart enough to realize that battleships were no longer going to be important? That's giving the gov't a lot of credit.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#34 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

well it started out that treaty put cap on battleship for each country ... and US already had that many ... but there were battleship hulls partially completed. somebody realized that they could top it as a aircraft carrier which weren't included in the treaty.

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing

trivia from inter-war period was one of the reasons that there was as many carriers going into ww2 was room in the treaties ... some number of ships that were in progress when the treaties were signed were converted to carriers. The Admirals: Nimitz, Halsey, Leahy, and King--The Five-Star Admirals Who Won the War at Sea. loc1917-21:

Once the treaty limiting battleship tonnages was signed, the U.S. Navy looked to its shipyards and found two hulls that had originally been laid down as battleships. Battle Cruiser CC-1 was under construction at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, and Battle Cruiser CC-3 was taking shape at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation in Camden, New Jersey. Under the treaty, these couldn't be launched as battleships. So on July 1, 1922, the order was given to complete both ships as aircraft carriers. They were launched in 1925 and commissioned within weeks of each other late in 1927.

... snip ..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 12:03:44 -0800
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Working on the 24x80 green screen terminals was pretty good! There are fewer distractions and you can concentrate on your coding.

http://www.catonmat.net/download/red_martian-teco_and_ddt.mp3


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

in the late 70s & early 80s there was some amount of work on "quarter second" interactive response ... and the benefits/increase for human productivity.

channel attached 3272 controller with 3277 terminal in the 70s had .089 hardware response ... some of the best (virtual machine) vm370/cms systems had interactive quarter second system response ... but coupled with 3272 controller latency of .089 ... that tended to drive response seen by user 1/3rd of second (although I had several optimized vm370/cms systems with .11 90%th percentile trivial interactive response ... coupled with .089 gave .2second interactive response).

note that the POK mainframe favorite son operating system "MVS" tended to have system responses a minimum of 1sec or much worse.

for newer generation 3274/3278 controller/terminal ... they moved a lot of electronics out of the terminal and back into the (shared) 3274 controller to reduce terminal manufacturing costs. This significantly drove up the protocol chatter on the coax and overhead in the 3274 controller so hardware response increased to .3-.5 seconds.

Some of us complained to the 3274/3278 product administrator that it was much worse human factors than the previous 3272/3277. Eventually we got back a response that the 3274/3278 wasn't targeted at interactive computing but "data entry" (aka electronic keypunch).

Note however, I never heard any complaints from "MVS" users about the impact of moving from 3272/3277 to 3274/3278 ... since the horrible MVS system response tended to mask the worsening hardware response.

Note that later with IBM/PC and terminal emulation ... it was still possible to get a 3277 terminal emulation card (rather than 3278 terminal emulation cards). The significant increase in coax protocol chatter from moving electronics in the head back to 3274 controller also had significant impact on upload/download throughput (the much lower overhead protocol chatter for 3277 terminal emulation resulted in significant higher upload/download throughput).

note that other factors that would further significantly cegrade response was SNA controllers going through 32x5 boxes ... and remote links would make them much worse.

some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#89 Real Programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#23 Three Reasons the Mainframe is in Trouble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#26 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#106 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#74 SD?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#127 How Much Bandwidth do we have?

in 1980, the new STL bldg (since renamed the IBM silicon valley lab) was bursting at the seams and they were going to move 300 people from the IMS database group to an offsite bldg. They had tried remote 3270s (connected back to STL datacenter over 19.2kbit lines) and found human factors was horrible compared to the local vm370/cms channel attached response that they were use to. I got con'ed into do the channel-extender support so that local channel attach 3270 controllers could be located at the offsite bldg ... and tests showed they couldn't differentiate response between real local 3270 ... and "local" 3720s in the remote bldg. This was largely based on turning the channel operation from half-duplex synchronous operation into full-duplex asynchronous operation (which went a long way towards masking the latency round-trip to the offsite bldg). some past channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The hardware vendor then tried to convince IBM to let them release my support to customers. However, there was a group in POK (playing with some fiber half-duplex) that objected (they were concerned that if it was in the market, it might make it more difficult to ship the stuff they were working on). Note that their stuff is finally released with ES/9000 in 1990 as ESCON (when it is already obsolete).

In 1988, I was asked if I could help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are working with ... which quickly turns into fibre channel standard ... including a whole bunch of stuff for fulll-duplex, asynchronous operation to maximize constant data movement and mask latencies.

Later some of the POK people get involved in fibre channel standard and define the heavy duty channel protoocl layer that drastically reduces the native throughput ... that is eventually released as FICON ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 15:19:34 -0800
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
There was something in the announcement about changes (and I thought improvements) in FICON.

Can't say I understood it all though.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

the note i saw had to do with dropping compatibility with older (slower fibre channel standard) FICON generations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

the other constraint that was published in peak i/o for z196 ... but not since updated, (besides 104 FICON for 2m IOPS) was that peak SSCH/sec was 2.2M with all 14 (z196) SAPs (system assist processors) running at 100% busy ... but the recommendation was to keep SAPs at 75% busy or 1.5M SSCH/sec. Both SAP limitations and number of FICONs possibly accounts why the literature said ec12 would only be 30% more I/O (than z196, even tho max configured processor increased from 50BIPS to 75BIPS).

The z13 literature I've seen so far says 30% increase in processing power ... primarily based on 30% increase in number of processors. I did see something that z13 chips are now done in 22nm tech (ec12 was 32nm tech). By comparison current e5-2600v3 are on "tic" part of 14nm and about to "tock" ... before moving on
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Tick-Tock

some of the z196 FICON literature did reference that zHPF/TCW could get 30% improvement over standard FICON ... zHPF/TCW is a little of the stuff that I had done in 1980 for channel-extender (and went in for the original fibre channel standard in the late 80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 18:54:28 -0800
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
That's the part I remembered. As soon as I read it, I thought of your past comments.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

here is zHPF/TCW description from z10 (precursor to z196) days that claims two times improvement over FICON
https://share.confex.com/share/116/webprogram/Handout/Session8759/zHPF.pdf

same search also turns up this longer description with many ibm references
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/bit.listserv.ibm-main/wtgFuOaNCak/KI1oliwDQiEJ

but it turns out to be one of my long-winded posts to ibm-main
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#4 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee

past posts mentioning FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 20:09:18 -0800
ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman</a>

trivia ... shot of ("local" channel attached) vm370 3270 logon screen for the 300 people from the IMS database group moved to offsite bldg.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#oldpicts

other posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman</a>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#40 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman</a>

posts mentioning channel extender
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 21:18:00 -0800
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
Good stuff.

The TCW has input AND output address/count fields. That's different from the command mode control blocks.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#40 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

much of mainframe channel and DASD are tradeoffs left over from mid-60s when there had to be end-to-end synchronization for transmitting data between disk heads and processor memory ... since there was no electronic memory for intermediate staging or buffering. there wasn't even any outboard memory for commands ... which were all staged back in processor memory and then handled one at a time sending control signals out to the device.

what i did in the 1980 channel-extender was to decouple all that ... connection could be treated as full-duplex asynchronous with concurrent transmission in both directions and not needed tightly controlled end-to-end synchronization ... there was increasing amounts of electronic memory that could buffer/stage. old time channel control can be treated purely as data that can be streamed with real data on the outbound path concurrently with incoming on the inbound path (there was then a remote channel emulator at the remote end that handle the half-duplex part of what was expected by channel attached controllers).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

fiber makes this even more explicit with separate physical links dedicated for outgoing and incoming. A great deal of effort went into fibre channel standard to eliminate bottlenecks/design that would interfer with achieving sustained concurrent media transmission rate throughput on both the outgoing and incoming paths ... in contrast to the constant end-to-end half-duplex synchronization.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Jan 2015 08:47:24 -0800
0000000a2a8c2020-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Tom Marchant) writes:
Today's processors have cache because main memory is _really_ slow compared to the processor. When the processor accesses something at a memory address, if the data at that location is in the cache, the processor can access it in one clock cycle (if it is in the on-chip cache) or a few clock cycles if it is farther away.

i.e. current latency to access memory (on cache miss) when measured in number of processor (clock) cycles ... is compareable to 60s disk access latency when measured in terms of number of (60s) processor (clock) cycles (cache is the new memory, main memory is the new disk).

that enormous idle time was what drove multiprogramming/multithreading (in the 60s).

this old account that increasing the level of multiprogramming is what drove decision to move to virtual memory for all 370s ... that and the extremely inefficient MVT memory management ... aka MVT regions typically needed to be four times larger than actively used memory .... typical 1mbyte 360/165 MVT ran four initiators, adding virtual memory could it increase it to 16 initiators with little paging impact.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

introduction of out-of-order instruction execution for z196 is claimed to account for at least half the (per processor) performance increase from z10 to z196. this is basically a technique when one instruction is stalled waiting for memory, switch to another instruction in the same instruction stream (sort of multithreading of instruction execution at the micro level). This can only go only so far, in part because it can get quickly complex with subsequent instructions stalled waiting for results from previous instructions.

recent ref (hyperthreading in the early 70s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#27 Webcasts - New Technology for System z

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z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Jan 2015 09:16:18 -0800
dcrayford@GMAIL.COM (David Crayford) writes:
Better to compare it to the POWER arch
http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/resources/pwrsysperf_SMT4OnP7.pdf.
It may be CISC not RISC but those lines are getting more blured with every new churn of z. I would imagine that the SIMD vector units also originate from POWER. It may seem far fetched but I can see a time in the not too distant future when the two architectures are converged.


note that in the 90s, i86 cisc started moving to hardware layer that translated cisc instructions into risc micro-ops for execution ... pentium pro, 20yrs ago
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentium_Pro

from above:
The Pentium Pro incorporated a new microarchitecture in a departure from the Pentium x86 architecture. It has a decoupled, 14-stage superpipelined architecture which used an instruction pool. The Pentium Pro (P6) featured many advanced concepts not found in the Pentium, although it wasn't the first or only x86 processor to implement them (see NexGen Nx586 or Cyrix 6x86). The Pentium Pro pipeline had extra decode stages to dynamically translate IA-32 instructions into buffered micro-operation sequences which could then be analysed, reordered, and renamed in order to detect parallelizable operations that may be issued to more than one execution unit at once. The Pentium Pro thus featured out of order execution, including speculative execution via register renaming. It also had a wider 36-bit address bus (usable by PAE), allowing it to access up to 64GB of memory.

... snip ...

... this was pipelined so wasn't serialized ... so there has been shrinking difference between popular cisc and risc for a couple decades.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instruction_pipeline

above mentions early pentium4 (2000) with 20 stage pipeline and later pentium4 with 31 stage pipeline

recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble

other recent posts on subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#40 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#41 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#42 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#43 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Jan 2015 10:07:29 -0800
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:
​Yes. I remember some decades back reading that CISC was going to die due to RISC performing better with optimizing compilers​. That both did and didn't come true. The hardware exposed ISA is dominated by CISC on the high end (RISC ISA chips that I know of are ARM, Sparc, and MIPS) but the hardware internally is more like RISC. Conceptually, a bit like what IBM did with the TIMI for the i systems. Except that TIMI, from what I've read, is actually compiled into native code on the first execution and is store in a "hidden" portion of the executable on disk. Said compiled code is "foot printed" and recompiled if the TIMI object is change or, sometimes, when maintenance is applied to the i system software. I found the concept fascinating.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#44 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

low&mid range 360/370s were vertical microcode with standard cisc engines. in the late 70s an effort was started to move the large number of internal microprocessors to 801/risc (mostly 801/risc "Iliad" chips) ... including all of the 370 native engines (4361/4381 followon to 4331/4341), the as/400 (aka i-system,) and numerous controllers. For various reasons all of these efforts faultered (and you found various 801/risc engineers leaving and going to other vendors, spawning their risc projects) and reverting to business-as-usual cisc. A decade after as/400 ships with cisc, it (finally) migrated to (risc/801) power/pc. some past posts mention 801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, fort knox, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

one of the earliest such efforts was the AMD 29K (and IBM may have sued AMD because former 801/risc engineer worked on it). Some (former) IBMers showed up working on HP "snake" risc ... and later Itanium.

801/risc as the native engine for microcoded 370 ... including some work on just-in-time (JIT) "compiling" ... sequences of 370 code segments dynamically translated to native risc (instead of repeated straight interpretation). Equivalent JIT was later done for some of the i86-based 370 simulators ... and analogous JIT is being done for JAVA.

other trivia, AIM/Somerset (applie, ibm, motorola) for single chip 801/risc (aka power/pc) somewhat combined 801/risc rios with Motorola's 88k risc (internal IBM 801/risc had long history of not supporting cache consistency making multiprocessor implementations difficult, Motorolo's 88k did have cache consistency support).

The pentium-pro translate from i86 to risc could be considered similar to (long history of) 360/370 microcoded implementations ... but at the hardware layer and pipelined. The 360/370 microcode implementations typically avg. 10 native instructions for every 360/370 instruction and since they were serialized, it needed a 10mip processor to get 1mip 360/370. The pentium-pro pipelined just needed 1mip native since it was doing several things, concurrently, in parallel with the pipeline.

--
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Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 16 Jan 2015 11:41:44 -0800
John Levine <johnl@iecc.com> writes:
Part of the appeal of mainframes is that they run ancient code, but there are also a lot of modern networked transaction systems running on mainframes. If you want your Linux system to work 24/7/365, even in the face of failing hardware subsystems, mainframes have a lot to offer.

If you have databases that are frequently updated, distributing them across a lot of small computers doesn't work, because of the need to update information atomically. You get much better performance with a single big honking mainframe.


e5-2600v3 blade is significant more processing power than z13 and rack of e5-2600v3 blades is likely more processing power than all the mainframes in the world today ... at something like one millionth the cost per BIP.

Jim Gray's studies from early/mid 80s showed that hardware was becoming so reliable that the majority of service outages had moved to software, human mistakes, and environmental.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

a mainframe advantage may be that there can be culture (evolved over decades) that strictly limits what somebody can do, minimizing human mistakes.

a cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of such blades (large tens of tousands of racks) and major cloud operators will have multiple such megadatacenters around the world ... with options for continuous availability.

somebody just posted to the ibm-main mailing list

http://opensource.com/business/15/1/apache-spark-new-world-record

<quote> In October 2014, Databricks participated in the Sort Benchmark and set a new world record for sorting 100 terabytes (TB) of data, or 1 trillion 100-byte records. The team used Apache Spark
http://spark.apache.org/
on 207 EC2 virtual machines and sorted 100 TB of data in 23 minutes. </quote>


recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#32 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#33 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#40 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#41 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#42 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#43 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#44 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#45 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
Newsgroups: comp.misc, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 16 Jan 2015 19:58:28 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
This is a reincarnation of the "smart terminals" of the early 1980s. Only this time we've done a better job of figuring out how to use them effectively.

mit project athena began may 1983, funded by DEC & IBM, each $25M
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Athena

includes x windows and kerberos. they had workstation rooms, generic workstation reboot and personalization from servers ... a little more like modern day cloud. both dec & ibm got assistant directors ... ibm assistant director was former co-worker at ibm cambridge science center ... past posts 4th flr, 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

another variation cloud precursor
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

we had been working with various supercomputer centers and NSF on high-speed interconnect (T1) of the NSF supercomputer centers. We were suppose to get $20M to do the interconnect ... then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and finally NSF releases an RFP. Internal politics prevents us from bidding, the director of NSF tries to help by writing the corporation of letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does statements that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all bid responses).

As regional networks tie into the supercomputer centers, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precusor to modern internet. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

past posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#38 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#40 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#41 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#42 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History
Date: 17 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History
http://www.businessinsider.com/17-equations-that-changed-the-world-2014-3

re: #17 "black-scholes";

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. In the late 90s, we were asked to look at improving the integrity of the supporting documents as a countermeasure. Then they found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played). Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents and they found they could start doing no-down, no-documentation, liar loans ... largely responsbile for market exploding to over $27T during the economic mess ... including opening up the triple-A rated, toxic CDOs to funds restricted to safe investments (like large pension funds). With triple-A rating and w/o documentation, derivative calculations had nothing valid to base calculations (GIGO).

They then started doing securtized loans/mortgages (CDOs) designed to fail, pay for triple-A rating, sell them to their customers and take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail, creating an enormous demand for dodgy loans. AIG was negotiating to settle derivative gambling bets at 50-60cents on the dollar when the secretary of the treasury steps in and says that it is illegal to pay off at less than 100cents on the dollar, forces them to take gov. TARP funds and sign legal document that AIG can't sue firms making the derivative gambling bets (largest recipient of pay off was firm that secretary of treasury had previously headed up)

From law of unintended consequences ... the lack of supporting documents led the too big to fail to setting up the large robo-signing mills fabricating the documents required for foreclosures.

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

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channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 18 Jan 2015 09:27:32 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
last friday aircraft carrier debate at annapolis
http://www.informationdissemination.net/2015/01/is-carrier-as-obsolete-as-battleship.html
http://zenpundit.com/?p=42803


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#31 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

the question about why Britain fell behind the US in the 20s after having pioneered carriers ... part being that US had partially finished battleships that would have exceeded the recent treaty, which were repurposed as carriers.

possibly one of the unintended side-effects is that one of the royals committed treason and started providing classified carrier technology to Japan ... which then follows straight line to the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Forbes-Sempill,_19th_Lord_Sempill
The traitor of Pearl Harbor
http://nypost.com/2012/05/27/the-traitor-of-pearl-harbor/
Churchill protected Scottish peer suspected of spying for Japan
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/churchill-protected-scottish-peer-suspected-of-spying-for-japan-1173730.html
British Officers Helped Japan Gain the Know-how to Attack Pearl Harbor and Capture Singapore
http://www.japanprobe.com/2012/05/28/british-officers-helped-japan-gain-the-know-how-to-attack-pearl-harbor-and-capture-singapore/

past post including reference contrasting treatment of Turing and Lord Sempill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing

other recent carrier posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#66 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#91 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#93 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#51 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#96 Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#1 Obama to Kill Tomahawk, Hellfire Missile Programs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#68 A-10 Attack Jets Rack Up Air-to-Air Kills in Louisiana War Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#1 Lessons Not Learned: The U.S. Navy's Status Quo Culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#18 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#98 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#46 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#50 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#8 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#86 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#15 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#47 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#78 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#79 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#175 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#37 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

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z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Jan 2015 10:38:42 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
What is CP, chopped liver?

trivia ... (at least) 80s&90s ... the various vendor UNIX ports to mainframe ran under vm370 ... the issue was relying on vm370 for error handling/recovery/EREP ... because adding such capability to UNIX was several times larger effort than the straight-forward ports ... *AND* hardware field support said they wouldn't maintain system w/o it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#43 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#44 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#45 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook

more trivia, UTS was AT&T UNIX port ... but aix370/aixesa was port of UCLA's (unix work-a-like) LOCUS (and unrelated to workstation AIX). LOCUS provided for distributed transparent operation across dissimilar architecture (aix/370 was announced in combination of aix/386)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_%28operating_system%29

past posts mentioning aix/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#6 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#21 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#73 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#110 IBM mainframes, was PDP-11 architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#102 ? How programs in c language drew graphics directly to screen in old days without X or Framebuffer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut

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IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jan 2015 08:09:15 -0800
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
There were giants on the Earth in those days. Even the Cobol code grinders 1401 coders and the board wirers contributed to the wealth of society and hence the ability to invest in speculative endeavors.

My first jobs were programming the 7090 and later I worked with a person who referred to it as the 709-0, having worked with the 709.


when I started the univ still had 709 running ibsys doing tape-to-tape ... and 1401 for unit-record front-end (tapes manually move between 709 drives and 1401 drives). student fortran jobs ran second or less on the 709.

univ. was sold a 360/67 and tss/360 as replacement for 709/1401 and as part of the transition ... a 360/30 replacing the 1401 ... which could run 1401 hardware emulation. I got a job re-implementing 1401 MPIO on the 360/30 (tape<->reader/printer/punch) ... and got to design/implement my own monitor ... dispatcher, console interface, storage management, device drivers, error recovery, etc. This was possibly somewhat make-work as part of getting 360 experience at the univ (since they could have just continued to run 1401 MPIO). they normally shutdown the datacenter on the weekends ... and I could have the whole place from 8am sat. until 8am monday (48hrs w/o sleep could make monday classes a little difficult). I had sample job stream for MPIO for testing ... but periodically would have to run tape-to-tape to verify.

Eventually the 360/67 came in and the 709 & 360/30 was replaced. They tried to get IBM to take back the 709 (it was something like serial #3) ... but eventually sold it at auction. I was told somebody bought it and set it up in large barn with gigantic fans ... and could run it on cool/cold days (it was real power/cooling pig).

TSS/360 never got to operational maturity so 360/67 mostly ran as 360/65 with os/360 ... and I got job responsible for os/360 support and maintenance. Initially the student fortran jobs that had been running a second or less on the 709 (tape-to-tape) were running a minute or more (elapsed time) on 360/65. This was before HASP ... when finally installed HASP got it done to about half a minute. Part of the issue was os/360 had very small memory footprint ... so almost any system service (schedule job, open file, close file, etc) was implemented as sequence of 2k-byte modules that were constantly being read off disk into the 2k svc transient area. Most of the student fortran was the minimum operating system overhead for 3-step fortgclg (fortran g, compile, line-edit, go/execute) involved hundreds of disk I/Os. I started doing very customed os/360 SYSGENs (system generations) that would very carefully order files and PDS library members on disk to optimize disk arm motion that got almost three times improvement in elapsed time (for student fortran jobs) ... still a little over 10seconds. Old presentation at Fall '68 SHARE meeting ... about (bare machine) os/360 performance work as well as OS/360 performance under (virtual machine) CP67 ... after I had rewritten much of the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14

Eventually WATFOR was installed ... which was a single step monitor (single os/360 job step to load) that then would batch compile/execute multiple jobs in the stream. I have some vague recollection that initial WATFOR compile was rated at 20,000 cards per CPU minute on 360/65 (or 333 cards/statements per CPU second). Student fortran jobs were typically 30-40 cards/statements and usually negligible execution time (8-11 student jobs per cpu second). Normal operation was collect a card tray (2000-3000 cards) worth of student jobs and then batch run them as single WATFOR step ... 4-10 seconds initiate WATFOR and 6-9 seconds to run the tray of jobs. Finally student fortran job processing was faster than 709.

recent posts mentioning MPIO and/or MFT14 work:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#59 write rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#19 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#26 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#17 System/360 celebration set for ten cities; 1964 pricing for oneweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#28 System/360 celebration set for ten cities; 1964 pricing for oneweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#4 Another Golden Anniversary - Dartmouth BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#97 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#69 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#31 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#66 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#68 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#92 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#19 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#56 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#139 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#152 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#156 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
Date: 23 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10205024248021516

Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://freebeacon.com/issues/report-tax-evasion-avoidance-costs-united-states-100-billion-a-year/

2009, IRS had news item that they were going after $400B in unpaid taxes from 52,000 wealthy americans for illegal tax evasion. Then in 2011, the new members of the house announce that they are cutting IRS funding for prosecuting illegal tax evasion. Recently there was news item that they were fining a swiss bank a couple billion for their part in the tax evasion ... but nothing about whether they were actually recovered any of the $400B. posts mentioning tax havens, tax avoidance, tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

2010, CBO report that previous decade tax revenue had been reduced by $6T and increased spending by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to baseline budget that had all federal debt gone by 2010). Most of this happened after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue). 2005, the comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget). Note ... the $400B that IRS was going after were the 52,000 doing illegal tax evasion ... over and above the enormous tax loopholes that had been created. posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
posts mentionin comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

A couple years ago, one of the network news broadcast a flat tax roundtable at an annual economist conference. Claim was that lobbying for tax loopholes was the major contributor to corruption in washington and responsible for congress periodically being called the most corrupt institution on earth. Also the complexity of tax loopholes were costing the economy 5-6% of GDP. Flat-tax would improve GDP (3% in dealing with the complexity and 2-3% in non-optimal business decision based on loopholes), eliminate the tax loophole complexity and the enormous associated corruption (which would more than offset the loss of any beneficial "loopholes"). At the end, they joked, that one of the organizations lobbying the strongest against US flattax was the country of ireland (one of the biggest offshore tax haven beneficiaries from loopholes) ... then tax preparers and tax software companies

As an indicator of how ingrained the corruption is ... local Washington (DC) news at the start of 2011 congressional session, carried the speaker of the house bragging about how he was handing out plum committee (responsible for tax code) memberships to party favorites ... because they get the most money.

somewhat aside ... then it appears that Luxembourg gets into competition with Ireland (and others) for the tax haven business
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jan 2015 14:34:09 -0800
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
"In the U.S., there is basically one party--the Business Party. It has two factions called Democrats and Republicans, which are somewhat different but carry out variations on the same policies. By and large, I am opposed to those policies. As is most of the population." -- Noam Chomsky

the local washington (DC) press periodically refers to it as "Kabuki theater" .... what you see has little to do with what really goes on ... the apparent conflict between the two parties is just obfuscation and misdirection to distract the populace past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Eisenhower in his goodby speech warned about the military-industrial complex (folklore is that he originally was going to say military-industrial-congressional complex, MICC, but shortened it at the last minute) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

but there are also operations like financial-regulatory-congressional complex (FRCC) and pharmeceutical-regulatory-congressional complex (PRCC) and others ... special interests that have bought off congress, regulators, economists, and many others.

also, nearly all of the special interests lobby congress for tax loopholes, in fact the special interest tax loophole lobbying has been claimed to be largely responsible for congress being considered the most corrupt institution on earth ... past posts tax loopholes, tax avoidance, tax havens, tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
Date: 23 Jan 2015
Blog: Linkedin
Within bureaucratic political environment ... possibly more applicable is Boyd's To Be or To Do
There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 Sept 1999


Boyd would talk about spending 18months preparing for the 1983 Spinney front page time article ... making sure that there was written authorization for every detail. And then to make doubly sure, they had public congressional hearing where Spinney covered all the same detail. SECDEF then tried to have Spinney charged and couldn't ... so went after Boyd (who he believed was behind the whole thing anyway) ... reassigning him to Alaska and banning him from the Pentagon. At the time, they still had some congressional cover (which doesn't exist today) that managed to counteract the SECDEF efforts.

posts & WEB references to Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Large bureaucracies are infamous for preserving status quo as well as static/biased orientation (which impacts what they are able to observe/see) ... operation of a bureaucracy is frequently characterized as politics. OODA-loop is about agile and adaptable ... frequently just the opposite of large (static, status quo) bureaucracies and their associated politics. As Boyd's To Be or To Do, OODA-loop, agile and adaptable frequently shows up as how to combat static bureaucratic status quo (and the associated politics). In that scenario bureaucracy and politics are the enemy and then OODA-loop is part of methodology to defeat them.

"To Be or To Do" also highlights bureaucracies tactics and rewards, used for enforcing conformity and preserving status quo.

In the 1983 Spinney Time cover article, Boyd was "fighting" the military-industrial complex politics were there was enormous cost overruns, frequently for programs that weren't ever going to work. The hope was Americans' indignation after finding out what was really going on, would help put a stop to it ... unfortunately it wasn't successful. MICC was able to respond with frequently used marketing technique FUD (fear, uncertainty and doubt) and lots of money (the buying of congress is a well-worn tradition). some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Topic drift:

Oct2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s congressional hearings into the crash of '29, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall legislation) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I worked on it for awhile and then got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill). some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. In the late 90s, we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages as countermeasure. Then they found that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings when both they and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A (testimony from Oct2008 congressional hearings). Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents and they found that they could start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, pay for triple-A rating and sell them off (including large pension funds restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments) ... which was major factor in doing over $27T during the period. They then started doing triple-A rated securitized loans designed to fail, selling them off, and then taking out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail ... creating enormous demand for dodgy loans. An unintended side-effect of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans is that the too big to fail then had to set-up the robo-signing mills fabricating the documents needed for foreclosure. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Also in the late 90s, we were asked into NSCC (before it merges with DTC for DTCC) to look at improving the integrity of exchange trading transactions. I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it was being suspended. Turns out a side-effect of the integrity work would have greatly improved transparency and visibility, antithetical to wallstreet culture. Roll forward to the congressional Madoff hearings where they have the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about Madoff (their hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). Congress asks him if new regulations are needed and he replies that while new regulations might be needed, more important would be transparency and visibility (aka SEC wasn't enforcing the existing regulations). some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

...

long ago and far away, we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called electronic commerce

Somewhat as a result of having done "electronic commerce", we were asked to participate in the x9a10 financial transaction working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail transactions ... and we were co-authors of the resulting financial transaction standard for *ALL* retail payments (ACH, credit, debit, POS, attended, unattended, internet, online, etc). Note the X9A10 financial transaction standard did nothing directly about skimming, evesdropping, or data breaches; however it slightly tweaked the current paradigm and eliminated the ability of crooks to use information from previous transactions for fraudulent transactions ... and therefor eliminated the risk and motivation for skimming, evesdropping and data breaches. Now the major use of SSL in the world is this earlier work we did for electronic commerce, "hiding" transaction details, but the new standard eliminated the necessity for hiding transaction details and therefor would also eliminate the major use of SSL in the world today. ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

note merchants have been indoctrinated for decades that the interchange fee (merchants pay for every transaction) was heavily prorated based on associated fraud for the type of transaction. At the beginning of the century there were several "safe" internet payment products (protocols) pitched to major internet merchants (accounting for 70-80% of total transactions) that found high acceptance. They were expecting that such products would result in something like 90% reduction in the fees charged. Then came the cognitive dissonance, the financial institutions decided instead of "safe" internet payment products reducing the interchange fee, the merchants would effectively have a surcharge on top of the highest fee they were currently paying ... and the "safe" products collapse. Later there was a report indicating the motivation ... which was 40-60% of the bottom line of major US banks came from payment fees (and a 90% reduction would be a major hit to their bottom line, also some of the jokes about banks making profit off of fraud).

Boyd use to talk about most of the world only needed something that was partially as good as F16, 1/5th the cost, significantly lower maintenance hrs per flt. hrs and much lower skill level needed to maintain ... the F20/tigershark met that description and attempted to sell into the export market. However some interests managed to lobby congress to provide directed appropriations, USAID (could only be used for purchase of F16) to all candidate countries (money eventually in the pockets of MICC but doesn't show as part of DOD/Pentagon budget).

"prophets of war" tells how some corporate reps told former eastern block countries that if they voted in the UN for the invasion of Iraq, they would get NATO membership and USAID to replace all their old soviet arms with new US arms (bought from US companies). It makes a case that the whole Iraq invasion was just a "gift" to the military-industrial complex

there has been some analogy made with ENRON and Sarbanes-Oxley. Congressional rhetoric was that SOX would eliminate future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time for fraudulent financial reporting ... but the jokes were that it was just a "gift" to the audit industry (nothing would actually change except corporations would have to pay more money for auditing). Even GAO apparently didn't believe it and started doing reports that show fraudulent financial filings even increasing after SOX (and nobody doing jail time). Sunday night, the 60mins people had program on financial mess. FEDs have allowed statute of limitations to expire for lot of the fraud, but SOX still applies. They showed financial filings by major players in the financial mess, that were clearly fraudulent. They asked both SEC and DOJ about it and just got obfuscation and misdirection. fraudulent financial filings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

As an aside in 2004, I was invited to EU conference of exchange presidents and corporate executives to take part in discussions effectively how SOX audit requirements were leaking into EU (EU companies that did business with the US). It was held at the castle in Liechtenstein ... the conference seemed to be part of effort trying to get Liechtenstein off the Treasury's "black list". The innkeeper at the 13century inn where we stayed, liked to make reference getting lots of people with business cards that said "US Treasury -- Dept. Of Money Laundering" (as if they did money laundering). Turns out major swiss banks had setup front companies across the border in Liechtenstein where that kind of transaction would be performed. Didn't solve all their problems because swiss banks still have been hit with other kinds of major infractions. mention ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanex-oxley

we were tangentially involved in the cal. state data breach legislation ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act.

A lot of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed, in-depth public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft, primarily of the form of fraudulent financial transactions as the result of breaches and there was little or nothing being done about the breaches. An issue is typically an entity/institution takes security measures in self protection, In the case of the breaches, the institution wasn't at risk ... it was their customers. It was hoped that the publicity from the breach notifications would prompt breach countermeasures.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Note in the years since the cal. state breach notification act there have been numerous federal (state preemption) acts introduced ... about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. act and those that would effectively eliminate any requirement for notification (frequently ingeniously disguised as criteria on when notification was required).

we've also used a couple metaphors about the current situation:

dual-use ... since information from previous transactions can be used for fraudulent transactions, that information has to be kept totally confidential and never divulged. at the same time the same information is required in dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the world. we've periodically commented that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop leakage

security proportional to risk ... the value of the transaction information to the merchants is the profit on the transactions, which can be a couple dollars (and a couple cents for the transaction processor) ... the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit ... as a result the crooks can afford to outspend the defenders by a factor of 100 times.

posts mentioning security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

note at the same time as Cal. was working on data breach notification legistation, there was also work going on for "opt-in" privacy sharing (an institution needed record of your authorizing sharing personal information). However, a Federal preemption amendment was added to GLBA for "opt-out" privacy sharing (an institution could share your personal information unless they had a record of you objecting) ... note GLBA is now better known for the repeal of Glass-Steagall ... however at the time the rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA was to prevent new competition getting into banking (especially with new technology; protecting the existing players). Then in 2004 there was a annual, national privacy organization conference in DC. In a panel session with all the FTC commissioners, somebody in the audience got up and asked them if they were going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out". He said he was involved in call-center technology used by all the major financial institutions ... and he knew that none of their 1-800 "opt-out" operations had any facilities for recording an opt-out call (i.e. there would never be a record of anybody objecting to sharing their personal information).

just now from semi-related discussion over in Google+:

A transaction processor with repository of million transactions represents possibly $20K value to them and no risk (the risk is to the account holders, at least before the data breach notification legislation). However the potential value to the crooks is the credit limit of those accounts ... possibly $100M. Now letting potential adversaries steal the F35 plans is total different scenario ... unless it is convoluted scam to get them to waste their time & money .... F35 stealth design from 1995 based on 1980s radar technology ... in the 3decades there has been new radar technology to defeat those stealth characteristics (weapons systems taking decades from design can be obsolete by the time they are deployed)

We were slightly involved in Success of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
.. but didn't know it at the time ... past post with some more background & refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

also I've never had a clearance ... so it makes conduct of the meetings "interesting"

Early in the period, there was IC-ARDA (now IARPA) BAA released that basically said that nothing they had did the job. On the last day of the BAA we got a call asking us to respond (nobody else had) before it closes. We then had some meetings where it was established that I could do what was needed ... and then nothing, it was all shutdown. I then wondered why they even let the BAA be released in the first place and conjectured that they didn't expect anybody to respond and that would help shutdown the internal complaints. It started to make more sense when the Success of Failure series came out (and I guessed that we were probably on the other side of the internal politics). Also conjecture why we were asked in the first place is that some of the people at the fort knew that we did the consulting for the 2000 census (for free, which gives severe heartburn to beltway bandits; I then had volunteered to do the ic-arda BAA for just out-of-pocket expenses). As an aside, there is periodic comment in the cyber industry that if it sounds like mumbo-jumbo and snake-oil ... it probably is (part of scam/facade getting the money). --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
Date: 23 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites
http://wolfstreet.com/2015/01/21/healthcare-gov-sends-your-personal-data-to-tracking-sites/

we were tangentially involved in the cal. state data breach legislation ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act.

A lot of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed, in-depth public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft, primarily of the form of fraudulent financial transactions as the result of breaches and there was little or nothing being done about the breaches. An issue is typically an entity/institution takes security measures in self protection, In the case of the breaches, the institution wasn't at risk ... it was their customers. It was hoped that the publicity from the breach notifications would prompt breach countermeasures.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification
identify theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#identity.theft

Note in the years since the cal. state breach notification act there have been numerous federal (state preemption) acts introduced ... about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. act and those that would effectively eliminate any requirement for notification (frequently ingeniously disguised as criteria on when notification was required).

note at the same time that Cal. was working on data breach notification legistation, there was also work going on for "opt-in" privacy sharing (an institution needed record of your authorizing for sharing personal information). However, a Federal preemption amendment was added to GLBA for "opt-out" privacy sharing (an institution could share your personal information unless they had a record of you objecting) ... note GLBA is now better known for the repeal of Glass-Steagall ... however at the time the rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA was to prevent new competition getting into banking (especially with new technology; protecting the existing players). Then in 2004 there was a annual, national privacy organization conference in DC. In a panel session with all the FTC commissioners, somebody in the audience got up and asked them if they were going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out". He said he was involved in call-center technology used by all the major financial institutions ... and he knew that none of their 1-800 "opt-out" operations had any facilities for recording an opt-out call (i.e. there would never be a record of anybody objecting to sharing their personal information).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 23 Jan 2015 23:55:26 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Time Magazine just published a detailed article on the health care industry mess. The profiteering is obscene. The article noted that healthcare lobbyists in DC spend FOUR times as much as the next biggest lobbyist, the military industrial complex.

The article also said Republicans are loathe to any kind of regulation or even going after monopolists because it's against their ideology, and the Democrats are only worried about covering the uninsured, even at subsidizing a bloated wasteland.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

slightly related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#55 HealthCare.gov in Cahoots with Dozens of Tracking Websites

and an older article:

Health Care Industry Spent $243 Million in 2013 Lobbying ObamaCare
http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2013/09/23/health-care-industry-spent-243-million-already-in-2013-lobbying-obamacare/

from above:
Over 2,400 individuals are registered as lobbyists for the health-care sector. It is important to note, however, that this number, and the total spent, is likely a fraction of what the industry is spending to influence the government on ObamaCare.

... snip ...

that $243M is for the 1st half of 2013, article projected it would come to match the $500M mark done in 2012

and then:

Obamacare architect leaves White House for pharmaceutical industry job
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/dec/05/obamacare-fowler-lobbyist-industry1

from above:
Whatever one's views on Obamacare were and are: the bill's mandate that everyone purchase the products of the private health insurance industry, unaccompanied by any public alternative, was a huge gift to that industry; as Wheeler wrote at the time: "to the extent that Liz Fowler is the author of this document, we might as well consider WellPoint its author as well."

... snip ...

since the industry pretty much has what it wants ... and has bought both parties ... the public conflict over the issue would appear to be more Kabuki Theater
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

I've mentioned before, after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act expire in 2002 (required spending not exceed tax revenue),
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

the first major bill was medicare part-d ... 60mins segment had 18 (republican) congressmen and staffers responsible for getting the bill passed (including slipping in one liner at last minute, that exploded the cost of drugs)... and afterwards all had resigned and were on drug industry payroll
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

the comptroller general would refer to it as long term $40T mandate coming to swamp all other budget items
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Jan 2015 08:23:19 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Powerful computers allow the travel industry to exploit "yield management" which gouges passengers for hte highest possible fare.

then there is this ...

Why is United Airlines suing a 22-year-old?
http://money.cnn.com/2014/12/29/news/united-orbitz-sue-skiplagged-22/
United, Orbitz Sue Travel Site Over "Hidden City" Tickets
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-11-18/united-orbitz-sue-travel-site-over-hidden-city-ticketing-1-.html
United Airlines sues site that found loophole for cheap tickets
http://www.engadget.com/2014/12/30/united-airlines-sues-cheap-tickets/
The Real Story Behind Orbitz and United Suing the Hidden Cities Startup Guy
http://skift.com/2015/01/02/the-real-story-behind-orbitz-and-united-suing-the-hidden-cities-startup-guy/

I've mentioned before, long ago and far away, we were brought in to the largest reservation/ticketing operation ... to look at the ten impossible things they couldn't do. We were first asked to look at "routes" ... find flts &/or combination of flts to get from origin to destination. I spent two months and came back with implementation that did all ten impossible things.

Part of the issue was that "routes" real-time operation was DBMS that was carefully set up with the possible/preferred origin/destination routes ... and completely refreshed every couple weeks. Much of the DBMS organizaiton and setup involved combination of lots of computation and manual operations behind the scenes (this was 20yrs ago)

Eventually they tell us that they hadn't actually wanted us to solve the ten impossible things ... they just wanted to be able to tell the board we were working on it.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#136a checks (was S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#26 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#36 [OT] Currency controls (was: First OS?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#69 Block oriented I/O over IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#17 I hate Compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#0 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#3 News IBM loses supercomputer crown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#12 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#83 Summary: Robots of Doom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#48 InfiniBand Group Sharply, Evenly Divided
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#3 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#47 What makes a mainframe a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#6 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#58 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#23 Demo: Things in Hierarchies (w/o RM/SQL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#47 Using the Cache to Change the Width of Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#12 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#13 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#7 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#5 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#18 RAMAC 305(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#9 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#10 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#18 50th Anniversary of invention of disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#41 US Airways badmouths legacy system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#41 Fast and Safe C Strings: User friendly C macros to Declare and use C Strings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#28 Even worse than UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#45 64 gig memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#19 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#32 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#10 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#19 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#52 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#42 IBM 3883 Manuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#42 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#92 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#8 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#16 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#59 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#1 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#7 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#52 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#65 Linear search vs. Binary search
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#33 Management Secrets From Inside GE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#0 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#19 Why IBM chose MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!' made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Jan 2015 09:00:37 -0800
hancock4 writes:
One problem is that business needs have exploded to take advantage of computer power, and that is bad for society. Computers make possible a far more volatile stock market (e.g. day traders)--that does not help capital needs but onlh excerbate bad swings. Bank interest rates change constantly because computers allow them to do so.

A lot of the volatility is manipulation of the markets by wallstreet ... they effectively make bets that it is moving one way or another ... and then help it along in that direction (payoff is it moving the way they bet). The investing for the long term appears to just a facade for the public ... while they make money on constantly moving the market.

This is old reference before the real advent of HFT ... and reference that wallstreet has little to worry about from the regulators
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

latest with HFT is that they frontrun a customer's order ... one way is they buy it milliseconds before the customer's order at a lower price and then sell it to the customer at higher price. They also do tens of thousands of orders which are then almost immediately canceled, all in 10ms-100ms window ... also intended to "move the market" in the desired direction

High Frequency Trading: Why Now And What Happens Next
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-31/high-frequency-trading-why-now-and-what-happens-next
Watch The Banned HFT Spoofing Algo In Action
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-07-23/watch-banned-hft-spoofing-algo-action
Did The World's Biggest Hedge Fund Just Go "All In" On HFT And Dark Pools?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-07/did-worlds-biggest-hedge-fund-just-go-all-hft-and-dark-pools
Day After SEC Charges HFT Trader With Spoofing, Another HFT Spoofer Sends S&P Soaring
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-14/day-after-sec-charges-hft-trader-spoofing-another-hft-spoofer-sends-sp-soaring
Wednesday Humor: Maxine Waters Takes On HFT Rigging And Broken Markets
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-14/wednesday-humor-maxine-waters-takes-hft-rigging-and-broken-markets
Europe Probing HFTs For Providing "Fake Liquidity"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-21/europe-probing-hfts-providing-fake-liquidity
"Timestamp Fraud": A Rigged Market Explained In One Simple Animation
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-04-19/timestamp-fraud-rigged-market-explained-one-simple-animation
"The Market Is Rigged" - Michael Lewis Explains How HFTs "Screw" Investors Every Day
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-31/market-rigged-michael-lewis-explains-how-hfts-screw-investors-every-day
High Frequency Trading: All You Need To Know
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-04-06/high-frequency-trading-all-you-need-know

I've mentioned before being brought in to NSCC (before merger with DTC to become DTCC) to look at improving the integrity of trading transactions. I worked on it for awhile and then was told that the work was suspended, a side-effect of the integrity work was that it would greatly increase transparency and visibility ... antithetical to wallstreet culture.

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when he turned himself in). They asked him if new regulations were needed, he replied that while new regulations might be needed, more important was transparency and visibility (aka SEC wasn't enforcing the regulations they had)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

other recent posts mentioning HFT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#56 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#65 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#93 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#96 Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#100 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#18 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#60 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#3 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#1 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#64 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#64 Dark Pool Greed Drove Barclays to Lie to Clients, N.Y. Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 24 Jan 2015 09:20:21 -0800
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
You have noticed that the airlines are frequently going bankrupt, that's a sure sign of free enterprise at work. Bankruptcy among airlines is practically part of their business plans.Transporting people in an unregulated market has never been a profitable business.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#57 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

past threads have mentioned several US industries have restructured their books so that operations that have large number of employees are break-even or loose money ... while all the profit has been moved to low-staff operations ... frequently heavily computerized like financial.

Autos have moved nearly all the profit to loans ... while actual manufacturing is break-even (jokes about the autos are just an excuse to make consumer loans).

At the time I was working on routes, the airline operations was loosing money, while the ticket/reservation operation was extremely profitable ... so much so that the parent company was also still quite profitable. They can also declare bankruptcy on the airline operations side of the business ... allowing them to dump the employee pensions onto gov. PBGC. past posts mentioning PBGC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#65 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#24 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#46 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#94 Bankruptcy a reprieve for some companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#4 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#7 weird apple trivia

"Age of Greed" points out that Welch leveraged GE financial operations, growing them to half GE's profits and using them to
manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various that that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end" .. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning "Age of Greed":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#37 Romney's Opponents Intensify Attacks as Voting Nears
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#40 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#48 Fed's image tarnished by newly released documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#77 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#12 Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#19 Occupy the SEC Pitches An Extreme Makeover of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#91 The Fractal Organization: Creating sustainable organizations with the Viable System Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#16 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#33 Management Secrets From Inside GE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#51 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#89 Behold The Face Of Central Banker Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#53 Banking - licensed to cheat! And whether you'll get away with it

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Jan 2015 11:26:58 -0800
I. Ben Hib Mortise <invalid@invalid.org> writes:
Don't imagine that the intelligence community is in any way associated with productivity in the usual sense of the term. Their entire industry is predicated on selling the notion that they are essential and that they ought to be allowed to control *everything*, and all without the least bit of competent oversight.

there is the Success of Failure scenario
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

we apparently were involved in the peripheral of the Success of Failure ... but didn't realize it at the time ... past ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57

70% of the intelligence budget and 50% of the people are for-profit companies ... which can have strong motivation to use resources for their own benefit. one of the major companies (also snowden's employer)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington

collecting everything (besides periodic failures and reset from start) means more revenue for the for-profit entities involved.

a little computer tie-in ... after stepping down from IBM ... Gerstner goes on to be head up one of the largest private equity companies.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

that does private-equity, reverse-IPO take-over of that company (during the Success of Failure period).

After S&L crisis, the industry tried to refurbish their image by changing their name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" become "high yield bonds". Analogy of their business model has been made with "house flipping" with some differences ... the loan they use to buy the company is put on that company's books, they then loot the company for everything they can, and then (re-)IPO the company ... however since the original loan stays on the company's books (not paid off in case of house flipping), they can even sell the company for less than they paid and still walk away with boat loads of money. The enormous loan debt puts extreme pressure on the (victim) companies to make money by any/every means possible (over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally involved in private equity deal; the defaults don't affect the private equity companies that took-out the loan, since the loans are now booked on the victim companies)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

misc other private equity refs (from last year)

SEC Official: Over Half Of All Private Equity Audits Revealed Crimes
http://news.firedoglake.com/2014/05/09/sec-official-over-half-of-all-private-equity-audits-revealed-crimes/
SEC Official Describes Widespread Lawbreaking and Material Weakness in Controls in Private Equity Industry
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/05/sec-official-describes-widespread-lawbreaking-material-weakness-controls-private-equity-industry.html
New York Times' New Editor Buries Important Story on Private Equity the Shenanigans on Holiday Weekend
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/05/new-york-times-new-editor-buries-important-story-private-equity-fee-shenanigans-holiday-weekend.html
he Deal's Done. But Not the Fees.
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/25/business/the-deals-done-but-not-the-fees.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Jan 2015 12:10:13 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
we apparently were involved in the peripheral of the Success of Failure ... but didn't realize it ... past ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57


a few other past posts mentioning iarpa (&/or its predecessor ic-arda)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?

posts mentioning Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Jan 2015 14:20:08 -0800
hancock4 writes:
A personal observation: much has been written on who to 'blame' for WW II (like Chamberlain) or different aspects of how war the was prosecuted. I think a great deal of that stuff is Monday-morning 20/20 hindsight. First, I think very few people realized how damn evil and irrational Hitler was, and how far he would go--including destroying his own country--to achieve his goals. Second, in prosecuting the full scale war, there were so many conflicting demands on resources that there was no 'right' answer on what to bomb or attack first. The Big Three disagreed on vital policy issues all the time; all had their own agendas.

The first in "battle of britain" series at the Historic flt foundation yesterday (covered from end of WW1 up until start of battle of britain) ... somebody asked who it was that aided Germany's economic recovery during the 20s & 30s ... in large part it was John Foster; The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, a few of the refs

loc828-30:
Nazism became the first and only important subject on which the Dulles brothers seriously disagreed. Allen sensed what was coming and wished to spare Sullivan & Cromwell the stigma of collaboration. Foster could not bear to turn away.

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Working with Schacht, Foster helped the National Socialist state find rich sources of financing in the United States for its public agencies, banks, and industries. The two men shaped complex restructurings of German loan obligations at several "debt conferences" in Berlin--conferences that were officially among bankers, but were in fact closely guided by the German and American governments--and came up with new formulas that made it easier for the Germans to borrow money from American banks. Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc896-98:
Foster had clear financial reasons to collaborate with the Nazi regime, and his ideological reason--Hitler was fiercely anti-Bolshevik--was equally compelling. In later years scholars would ask about his actions in the world.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

also somebody made the observation that there shouldn't have been any doubt in any American's mind after 1935 ... but John Foster was still at it after the invasion of Poland in 1939.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

They also covered congress's "isolation" in 30s ... most of the legislation was actually trying to counter the enormous war profiteering that they saw during WW1.

some past posts mentioning Nazis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#86 Al Gore and the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#75 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#17 If there had been no MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#28 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#69 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#64 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 25 Jan 2015 15:53:15 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

of course, wallstreet respins history regarding congressional legislation that was anti-profiteering as "isolationism" and obfuscates that they were equal opportunity war profiteering for both sides (for as long as they could) ... and then tries to down play their support for the loosing side.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

past posts related to the ww1 war profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#82 What Makes Economic History Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#93 Oligarchy Controls U.S. War-Making
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#64 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 07:29:25 -0800
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
couple of points, one may note the Western leaders rush to sympathise on the death of King Abdullah, one of the most reactionary dictators left, but his successor has cash and the need for weapons.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#63 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

In 2013 US (finally) allows the 9/11 victims to sue saudi arabia for 9/11 responsibility ... news articles at the time was the new oil production in the us allowed energy independence from the saudis. there is also periodic items about getting the "redacted" part of the 9/11 investigation declassified (claiming it will further support saudi involvement in 9/11) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#32 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#12 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#86 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major

earlier, sat. photo recon analyst reports that he had warned the (bush I) administration that Iraq/Suddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Kuwait ... the administration claims that Suddam had told them he would do no such thing ... and discredited the analyst. Later when he warns that Saddam is marshaling forces for invasion of Saudia Arabia there is some reaction (refs that pres. wife's family has extensive business deals with the country) past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#70 Long Strange Journey: An Intelligence Memoir
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#10 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#38 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#9 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#58 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#59 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#62 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#30 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#52 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#72 In Command, but Out Of Control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#85 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#32 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#68 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#52 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#52 US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#68 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

16-bit minis, was Floating point

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 16-bit minis, was Floating point
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 07:33:26 -0800
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
The standardization of ASCII certainly helped too. A bit late for the S/360, but 8-bit characters are pretty natural if you wanted to support ASCII. Yes, ASCII is actually a 7-bit code, but who in their right mind was going to implement a machine with 7-bit characters?

"father of ascii" (at ibm) report of biggest computer goof ever
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 08:21:53 -0800
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Probably the OS was AIX. That is something IBM called UNIX and it ran on the RS-6000.

801/risc ROMP was originally going to be followon for displaywriter. When that got canceled, they looked around and decided to retarget it for the unix workstation market and got the company that had done the AT&T unix port for PC/IX to do one for ROMP ... coming out as AIXV2 for PC/RT. The academic group also did port of BSD to PC/RT called AOS. Followon to ROMP/PCRT was RIOS&RS6000 with AIXV3.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Totally different the academic group did the original port of UCLA's LOCUS (another unix work-alike) that became AIX/370 and AIX/386.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 11:27:54 -0800
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Story I read somewhere. Saddam would only invade Kuwait with US approval, but afraid of the US warning Kuwait, so called in US ambassador to tell ([h]er), she said that he better clear it with Bush .Snr, who was 'out of touch', by the time he was reachable, lots of Angry Kuwaitees and Saudis were calling. As I believe that George is unwell at the moment, well

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#63 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

remember bush-I replaced the head of CIA ... supposedly because he would go along with team b analysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

then when he was VP ... he said that he wasn't aware of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair

because he was spending fulltime as administrative point-person for financial deregulation ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
which also had other family members involved
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

however team b was involved in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

members of team b were involved in both first & second invasion of Iraq (claims that plans for 2nd invasion started well before 9/11). They fabricated WMDs as one of the justifications. However, just recently there was news that some decommissioned WMDs from Iraq/Iran war actually were found ... but at the time, it was immediately classified (and not made public).

Note besides the two wars last decade ... there was the new economic mess, that was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions ... this time there has been *NO* criminal referrals or convictions.

Week ago sunday they had news segment on the subject ... gov. has allowed statute of limitation on much of the fraud to expire ... however they found fraudulent financial filings which can still be prosecuted under Sarbanes-Oxley ... they asked both SEC and DOJ about it and got back obfuscation and misdirection.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

in part because the institutions are too big to fail ... which also means too big to prosecute and too big to jail (in theory would allow the executives and auditors to still be jailed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

aka, the rhetoric on the floor of congress at the time of Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent future ENRONs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

and guarantee executives and auditors involved in fraudulent financial filings did jail time (some jokes at the time that nothing would really change other than corporations having to pay more for audits). Even GAO apprently thot nothing was being done and started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings showing they even increased after SOX (and nobody doing jail time).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 12:47:28 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Eisenhower in his goodby speech warned about the military-industrial complex (folklore is that he originally was going to say military-industrial-congressional complex, MICC, but shortened it at the last minute) ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex


The Triumph of the Military-Industrial-Congressional Complex; To understand perverse military decision-making, follow the money
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-triumph-of-the-military-industrial-congressional-complex-a27d6e5fb1a8

from above:
Today's poster children for failing weapons programs prospered with Carter as under secretary for acquisition, logistics and technology and then as deputy secretary of defense. Among the unhappy examples of how not to select and buy weapons are the Navy's grotesquely over-cost $14-billion new aircraft carrier and the $23-billion Littoral Combat Ship program.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Remembrance of things past

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Remembrance of things past
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 13:40:24 -0800
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Me!!! Me!!! I've written a *tiny* bit of FORTRAN IV on an LSI-11 under RT-11. The machine was built by Charles Rivers Data Systems and had the Western Digital LSI chips in it. To be really good, it had *two* 8 inch floppy disk drives! Now those floppies really were floppy!

in the 80s, SLAC did their own bit-slice processor 168E (ran at 370/168-3 speed) that had enough 370 implemented that it would run (compiled) FORTRAN 370 program ... they needed a lot of them along the line doing initial data reduction ... later upgraded to 3081E also used by CERN ... old email ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#email890707

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#43 IBM 5100 [Was: First DESKTOP Unix Box?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#8 The IBM 5100 and John Titor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#72 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#27 World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 17:41:24 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
The university were I worked had one. It was setup by IBM to have amaximum hard drive space of 2 gigabytes. We barely had room for about 100 accounts. The rest was operatng space.

My boss asked me to check on adding hard drives, SCSI controlelr could handle more.

So I asked on an aix newsgroup. That is when I found out it was impossible. Some years later, IBM 'fixed' AX so it could have additional hard drives, just like a real Unix computer.

IBM also changed all of the option letters to something else. Very confusing as we had x86 computers running UNIX.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#66 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

in the workstation group they added a bunch of ibm "added value" to the unix port, sna, dcf, etc.

for rs6000/aixv3, the standard unix filesystem was restructured to move all the filesystem metadata into 801/risc "transaction memory" ... so they could catch metadata filesystem changes and journal/log the changes ... any restart could run the log to have consistent filesystem (as opposed to fsck).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JFS_%28file_system%29

There was also logical volume manager ... that could create a arbitrary logical device mapping to physical devices. there would any number of restrictions on disk space regarding both logical volume manager (in addition to journaled filesystem changes)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logical_volume_management

there was some amount of conflict between the academic group and the workstation group (that had started out as displaywriter followon). The original effort for displaywriter followon with 801/romp used CP.r and something like 200 people they knew pl.8 programming language. Retargeting for unix workstation market ... they hired the group that had done at&t port for PC/IX to do the port for AIX.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_AIX

However, they still had the 200 people that knew pl.8 (and not C). They came up with the idea of making PC/RT a VRM machine ... a virtual machine layer that would be implemented in pl.8 .... and the port for AIX would be done to the abstract machine layer provided by VRM ... and not the native hardware ... with claim that the unix port would be faster/easier to VRM layer than to the native interface. That resulted in problems like new device drivers required both a UNIX device driver (in C) as well as a VRM device driver (in pl.8).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ROMP
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_6150_RT
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

When the academic group did the BSD port to the bare hardware (801/romp, pc/rt, no VRM), they did it in less effort than it took to do the AT&T unix port to VRM (and enormously less effort than doing both VRM & UNIX port).

the workstation group claimed that JFS using rios hardware transaction memory was faster than inserting traditional log calls into the source. however the academic group was asked to do a "portable" version of JFS ... changing from RIOS hardware transaction memory to traditional calls to logging data ... and found that when run on rs/6000 ... it was faster than original JFS on rs/6000.

the academic group also worked with UCLA on ports of UCLA's locus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_%28operating_system%29 which
eventually shipped as both aix/370 and aix/386 (totally unrelated to workstation groups aix).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Remembrance of things past

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Remembrance of things past
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 27 Jan 2015 09:25:54 -0800
Robert Swindells <rjs@fdy2.co.uk> writes:
Most Lisp Machines were microcoded. The microcode image was a mixture of a simple RTOS, low level Lisp functions and the interpreter for the stack instructions used for more complex compiled functions.

Some could compile directly to microcode though, the microarchitecture was similar to a classic RISC CPU.

There were designs that just compiled everything to the basic instruction set but they were still being developed when the market collapsed.


old tale about MIP LISP machine people asking IBM for 801/risc ... and being offered 8100 (uc1) instead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#email790711

repeated a number of times in other past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#3 Architectural support for programming languages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#45 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#9 32 or even 64 registers for x86-64?

other old 801 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#801
801 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

trivia ... at one point Evans asks my wife to audit/review 8100 ... and it was killed not long afterwards.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_8100

from above:
The 8100 had another interesting distinction in being one of the first commercially available systems to have a network with characteristics of what we now call local area networks, in particular the mechanism of packet passing. It was called the "8100 Loop" or "R-Loop"[3] and it supported various attached terminals (such as the 3104), printers (such as the free-standing 3268-1) and other devices. Topologically this arranged terminals in a ring, with redundant sets of wires which allowed for a break in the wire to be tolerated simply by "turning back" the data on each side of the break.

... snip ...

more trivia ... 70s, my wife was co-inventor of patent (us & international) for token-passing ring (precusor to token-ring)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
Date: 27 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history, due to delusional wars, reckless spending and inflexibility
http://www.salon.com/2012/06/29/george_w_bush_still_the_worst/

remember bush1 replaced the head of CIA ... supposedly because he would go along with "team b" analysis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

then when he was VP ... he said that he wasn't aware of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair

because he was spending fulltime as administrative point-person for financial deregulation ... resulting in S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis which also had
other family members involved
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

however "team b" was involved in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Note besides the two wars last decade ... there was the new economic mess, that was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions ... this time there has been *NO* criminal referrals or convictions.

sat. photo analyst reports to administration that Saddam is staging forces for invasion of Kuwait. The administration says Saddam would do no such thing and does a campaign to discreqdit the analyst. Later the analyst is reporting forces being staged for invasion of Saudia Arabia ... and all of a sudden there is some action. "Long Strange Journey: An Intelligence Memoir"
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey.../dp/B004NNV5H2/

subsequent news was that the presidents wife's family has significant business dealings with the saudis. Note in 2013 the 9/11 victims finally get approval to sue Saudi Arabia as responsible for 9/11 (periodic references this coincides with increased oil production in the US). There are also periodic references that the redacted pages in the 9/11 investigation will also support this.

In 2010, CBO did report that tax revenue had been cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to baseline which had all debt retired by 2010) done after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (required spending not exceed revenue; in the middle of last decade, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress could do middle school arithmetic for how badly they were savaging the budget). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

The first major act after allowing fiscal responsibility act to expire was Medicare part-d. 60mins did segment on the 18 (republican) congressmen and staffers responsible for getting part-d passed. Just before the final vote, they insert a one sentence change and prevent CBO from distributing report on the effect of the change (exploding the cost of drugs). Afterwards 60mins find all 18 have resigned and on drug industry payroll. comptroller general starts commenting that part-d is $40T long term item that comes to swamp all other budget items. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

Eisenhower in his goodby speech warns about the military industrial complex: The Triumph of the Military-Industrial-Congressional Complex
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-triumph-of-the-military-industrial-congressional-complex-a27d6e5fb1a8
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

In Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it would *NOT* be needed after all (references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

However, it appears that the drug industry is far outspending both MICC (military industrial congressional complex) and FRCC (financial regulatory congressional complex) multiple lobbyists for every member of congress ... and boatloads more money

small part of drug industry
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/dec/05/obamacare-fowler-lobbyist-industry1

the drug industry article mentions the intelligence agency/industry .... there is the Success of Failure scenario
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

(enormous privatizing of many parts of government) 70% of the intelligence budget and 50% of the people are for-profit companies ... which can have strong motivation to use resources for their own benefit. one of the major companies (also snowden's employer)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington

collecting everything (besides periodic failures and reset from start) means more revenue for the for-profit entities involved. a little computer tie-in ... after stepping down from IBM ... Gerstner goes on to be head up one of the largest private equity companies, that does private-equity, reverse-IPO take-over of that company (during the Success of Failure period).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

After S&L crisis, the industry tried to refurbish their image by changing their name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" become "high yield bonds". Analogy of their business model has been made with "house flipping" with some differences ... the loan they use to buy the company are put on that company's books, they then loot the company for everything they can, and then (re-)IPO the company ... however since the original loan stays on the company's books (not paid off in case of house flipping), they can even sell the company for less than they paid and still walk away with boat loads of money. The enormous loan debt puts extreme pressure on the (victim) companies to make money by any/every means possible (over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally involved in private equity deal; the defaults don't affect the private equity companies that took-out the loan, since the loans are now booked on the victim companies)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Periodically, local washington (DC) press will describe capital hill as "Kabuki Theater" ... what you see has very little with what is really going on ... the apparent conflict between the parties is just obfuscation and misdirection, theater to distract the public. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

we may have been tangentially involved early in the Success of Failure, although we didn't know it at the time. also I've never had a clearance ... so it makes conduct of the meetings "interesting"

Early in the period, there was IC-ARDA (now IARPA) BAA released that basically said that nothing they had did the job. On the last day of the BAA we got a call asking us to respond (nobody else had) before it closes. We then had some meetings where it was established that I could do what was needed ... and then nothing, it was all shutdown. I then wondered why they even let the BAA be released in the first place and conjectured that they didn't expect anybody to respond and that would help shutdown the internal complaints. It started to make more sense when the Success of Failure series came out (and I guessed that we were probably involved on the other side of the internal politics). Also conjecture why we were asked in the first place is that some of the people at the fort knew that we did the consulting for the 2000 census (for free, which gives severe heartburn to beltway bandits; I then had volunteered to do the ic-arda BAA for just out-of-pocket expenses). posts mentioning ic-arda/iarpa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#61 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

I've periodically conjectured that they adapted war gaming to exploring how to maximize profits ... in part resulting in Success of Failure

"Game theory, or using math to find the optimal solution to complex systems"
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2013/02/27/why-its-smart-to-be-reckless-on-wall-street/

Director shelves working $3M ThinThread for multi-billion dollar Trailblazer that doesn't work
https://news.yahoo.com/three-former-employees-became-nsa-critics-163808602.html
Director shelves working $3M ThinThread for multi-billion dollar Trailblazer that doesn't work
http://www.whistleblower.org/bio-william-binney-and-j-kirk-wiebe
Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
Former whistleblowers: open letter to intelligence employees after Snowden | Thomas Drake, Daniel Ellsberg, Katharine Gun, Peter Kofod, Ray McGovern, Jesselyn Radack, Coleen Rowley
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/11/whistleblowers-open-letter-after-snowden-revelations
Who broke the law, Snowden or the NSA?
http://chicagodefender.com/2013/12/18/who-broke-the-law-snowden-or-the-nsa/
ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
ThinThread
http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2013/12/19/whistleblowers-vindicated-as-presidential-review-group-recommends-alternative-to-nsa-vacuuming-data/
Trailblazer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project
now Turbulence
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbulence_%28NSA%29

posts mentioning whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whislteblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
Date: 29 Jan 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/jj787WGQzou

S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
http://www.wsj.com/articles/s-p-justice-department-states-close-to-1-37-billion-settlement-1422460397

triple-A rating (when both sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from OCT2008 testimony in congressional hearings into role that rating agencies played) major factor in over $27T
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

the triple-A rating allowed them to sell trillions in toxic CDOs to those restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments ... like large pension funds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ancient computers in use today

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ancient computers in use today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 29 Jan 2015 12:24:40 -0800
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
I have programmed for the 4 Pi IBM computer. The Wikipedia page says the 4 Pi is *descended* from the IBM 360. The 4 Pi I programmed was a 16-bit machine and the instruction set did *not* remind me at all of the IBM 360 family. I know the 4 Pi was used in some cruise missiles and in the Space Shuttle; Wikipedia says it was also used in the F-15 fighter plane and in other military applications.

You can download a technical descrption of the 4 Pi at Bitsavers:

http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/4pi/


there was also two Pi ... 360/370 compatible computer .... it was also sold as rebranded NCSS 3200
http://www.amazon.com/National-Computer-System-Overwork-Print/dp/B007RC11RU

NCSS was one of the cp67 spinoffs from the cambridge science center, some past csc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

that formed commercial online service bureaus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

also mentioned in 4th generation software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software

ncss
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_CSS

computerworld apr1981 (google book) four phase & two pi reference
https://books.google.com/books?id=swMFz8ewggoC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90#v=onepage&q&f=false

as an aside, above article references 8100, recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#71 Remembrance of things past

as well as 4300s ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

i've mentioned before 4300s were leading edge of distributed computing tsunami as well as cluster compute farms.

some past 2pi posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#9 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#76 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#25 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#56 Are prefix opcodes better than variable length?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#46 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#72 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#62 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ancient computers in use today

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ancient computers in use today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 29 Jan 2015 17:32:39 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#74 Ancient computers in use today

then there was interdata:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata_7/32_and_8/32

from above:
After the commercial success of the microcoded, mainframe IBM 360-series of computers, startup companies arrived on the scene to scale microcode technology to the smaller minicomputers. Among these companies were Prime Computer, Microdata, and Interdata. Interdata used microcode to define an architecture that was heavily influenced by, but by no means cloned, the IBM 360 instruction set. The DOS-type real-time serial/multitasking operating system was called OS/32.

.... and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata

from above:
Interdata, Inc. was a computer company, founded in 1966 and based in Oceanport, New Jersey, that produced a line of 16- and 32-bit minicomputers. They were loosely based on the IBM 360 architecture. In 1973 it was purchased by Perkin-Elmer.[1] In 1974, it produced one of the first 32-bit minicomputers, the Interdata 7/32. In 1985, the computing division of Perkin-Elmer was spun off as Concurrent Computer Corporation.[1]

... snip ...

web search found ("google books") computerworld oct1973 7/16 & 7/32 reference (Interdata announces the industry's first $3200 minicomputer to challenge the nova, PDP-11 performance at a nova 2 price .... 7/16 & 7/32)
https://books.google.com/books?id=pWBoOXVjuZ0C&pg=PT17&lpg=PT17#v=onepage&q&f=false

I've mentioned before that univ. got cp67 jan1968 which had 1052 & 2741 terminal support. The univ. had some number of TTY/ascii machines. I modified cp67 to support tty/ascii ... extended the dynamic terminal identification to include tty/ascii ... trying to make the 2702 controller do something it couldn't quite do. This was some amount of the motivation to do a clone controller implemention, reverse engineeing the 360 channel interfac and building a channel interface board for interdate/3 programmed to emulate 2702 controller as well as doing what I couldn't get the 2702 controller do. Later this was upgraded to interdata/4 handling the channel interface and cluster of interdata/3s handling the port/line scanners. Interdata picked up the support and started commercially marketing it (later sold under the perkin/elmer logo. There was writeup blaming four of us (for some part of) clone controller business. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

scroll up the computerworld reference a couple pages and there is "Interdata Announces The Industry's First 32-bit Minicomputer For Under $10,000."

scroll up one more page and there is advertisement for BCS as "an exhibitor in the Spring 1974 Caravan". somebody recently posts to my facebook timeline with a reference about whether I had worked on CP67 (precursor to vm370)
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10205039958790078

part of my reference from above:

I started work on cp67 as undergraduate jan1968 by fall of 68 had rewritten large sections and gave presentation on significant performance improvements at fall68 SHARE meeting. old past with part of the presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Summer 1969 (still undergraduate), was brought in as full-time employee at Boeing to help with setting up Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all data processing in independent business unit to better monitize the investment ... sort of like early cloud). I thot renton datacenter largest in the world ... all summer there was constant flow of 360/65s being installed (somethingg like $300M in IBM equipment ... 1960s dollars). 747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting faa certification.

At IBM, I would sponsor John Boyd's briefings at IBM. John's biography has him in command of spook base the same time I was at Boeing. ... mentions spook base was a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (compared to $300M for Renton) ... John would comment the datacenter was the largest air conditioned building in that part of the world. spook base ref (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boeing was also in process of replicating Renton datacenter at new 747 plant in Everett. Disaster scenario has Mt Rainier heating up and mudslide taking out Renton. Boeing not having Renton datacenter for a week would cost more than the cost of the Renton datacenter

....

past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Snowden And Schneier Point Out Another Reason Not To Undermine Internet Security: Information Asymmetry

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Snowden And Schneier Point Out Another Reason Not To Undermine Internet Security: Information Asymmetry
Date: 29 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
Snowden And Schneier Point Out Another Reason Not To Undermine Internet Security: Information Asymmetry
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20150127/02330229827/snowden-schneier-point-out-another-reason-not-to-undermine-internet-security-information-asymmetry.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

beyond the PDP-11: architectural support for a memory-safe Cabstract machine

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: beyond the PDP-11: architectural support for a memory-safe Cabstract machine
Newsgroups: comp.misc, alt.folklore.computers, alt.sys.pdp11
Date: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 12:23:30 -0800
legalize+jeeves@mail.xmission.com (Richard) writes:
If you truly think that LLVM "offers very little except convenicne over GNU" then you haven't been paying attention to why LLVM was created, how it is used, and what is going on in that community.

from today ...

Intel Broadwell: GCC 4.9 vs. LLVM Clang 3.5 Compiler Benchmarks
http://www.linux.com/news/software/applications/806501-intel-broadwell-gcc-49-vs-llvm-clang-35-compiler-benchmarks
Intel Broadwell: GCC 4.9 vs. LLVM Clang 3.5 Compiler Benchmarks
http://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=article&item=clang-gcc-broadwell&num=1

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
Date: 31 Jan 2015
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide

The new compute paradigm is enterprise outsourcing to (non-mainframe) cloud datacenters ... IBM can be seen cannabalizing its legacy market for new paradigm. Part of the issues is the there is couple hundred thousand times difference between cost of compute power ($$/BIPS) of its mainframe and the blades used in typical cloud megadatacenter.

IBM Brags Of 49 Cloud Data Centers
http://www.informationweek.com/cloud/infrastructure-as-a-service/ibm-brags-of-49-cloud-data-centers/d/d-id/1318243

there are few very large financial datacenters that are constantly upgrading buying the largest newest mainframes ... which accounts for majority of ibm mainframe processor revenue for the past decade

Note that 20 million MIPS ... is 20TIPS ... you can get more than 20 TIPS in single rack of E5-2600 blades (at .5TIPS/blade). as mentioned upthread, 1qtr2014 IBM financial had mainframe processor sales equivalent of 16 max. configured EC12s ... @75BIPS that comes to 1.2TIPS or about 5TIPS on annualized basis (a lot likely replacement/upgrades at the few large mega financial datacenters).

late 70s, IBM came out with 4300s ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

price/performance dropped below some threshold and saw big explosion in midrange market. DEC/VAX and 4300s sold about the same in small unit orders ... old post with decade of VAX sales sliced&diced by model, year, US/non-US:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

the big 4300 difference were large corporation ordering hundreds at a time ... being placed in departmental areas, leading edge of the distributed computing tsunami. Also national labs and other places were looking at large orders for compute farms ... forefront of today's supercomputers and cloud computing (cluster of 4341s was significantly cheaper than high-end POK mainframes, smaller physical and environmental footprint, as well as more aggregate processing and I/O; at one point POK got allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component cut in half to try and address the threat). The 4331/4341 followons, 4361/4381, was expecting to see continued explosion in midrange sales, but as can be seen in the DEC/VAX numbers, by that time the mid-range market was moving to workstations and large PCs.

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at an internal, world-wide, annual communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with its corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and was fighting off distributed computing and client/server, trying to protect its dumb (emulated) terminal install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales.

In the 90s, there were stories about the death of mainframe by "killer micros" ... mid-80s, IBM executives had projected that mainframe business would explode, doubling IBM world-wide revenue ... and there was massive internal building program to double mainframe manufacturing capacity ... instead the company went into the red. There was still core customer base with extremely high value legacy applications ... a major segment was financial. They had huge base of legacy applications built around batch cobol dating back to the 60s that included overnight batch settlement. Growth of business and globalization was putting extreme strain on getting all the work done in overnight batch window ... and the financial industry spent billions of dollars in the 90s on re-engineering legacy mainframe overnight (Cobol) batch moving to large number of parallel "killer micros". However they used some COTS parallelization technology that introduced a factor of 100 times overhead (compared to batch cobol). They never bothered to do realistic prototypes and warnings about speeds&fees went unheaded ... so when it got to deployments, things went down in massive flames ... 100 times overhead totally swamped anticipated throughput improvements from large number of killer micros. It wasn't directly cobol issue but legacy batch versus massive "killer micro" (extremely high overhead) parallelization.

Ten years later I was involved in talking similar approach for straight through processing, but built on industry standard RDBMS, to financial industry groups. It leveraged the significant amount of work that the industry had put into RDBMS parallel cluster scaleup (mainframe throughput was dwarfed by cluster TPC numbers). It initially saw great acceptance but then nothing ... and we were told that large numbers in financial industry still bore scars from the failures in the 90s and would have to wait until they retired.

Note: the disk division had come up with several solutions to address the unfriendly datacenter distributed computing problem ... but they were constantly vetoed by the communication group (trying to preserve its dumb terminal paradigm). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

For topic drift ... the internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s ... originated at the IBM cambridge science center and had nothing to do with the communication group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In the early 80s, the corporate sponsored university BITNET (EARN in europe) was also larger than arpanet/internet for a time ... using technology from the internal network. In later half of the 80s, the communication group forced the internal network to move to SNA-base ... about the same time BITNET/EARN was moving to TCP/IP base.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

disclaimer: the original mainframe tcp/ip product was done in vs/pascal ... and had none of the buffer overflow exploits that became epidemic in C-language based implementations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#overflow

However, for various reasons the throughput was extremely poor ... getting around 44kbytes/sec throughput using nearly full 3090 processor. I did the software enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341 got channel media sustained throughput (1mbyte/sec) using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

note: major reason that internet/arpanet passed internal network in number of nodes was internal network wasn't allowed to make PCs and workstations network nodes (even tho internal network wasn't "yet" SNA ... they still had to be treated as emulated terminals). full function tcp/ip protocol stacks were built for workstations and PCs ... and included in number of network nodes

recent posts mentioning overnight batch:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#38 Meet Cobol's hard core fans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#76 This Was the Very First Website In the US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#119 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ancient computers in use today

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ancient computers in use today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 31 Jan 2015 19:48:30 -0800
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
Wow, that's what I was trying to build in about 1982! A bit-slice implementation of the 360 instruction set, but a system bus much more like a PDP/11 or VAX.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#74 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#75 Ancient computers in use today

recent reference to slac doing (bit-slice) 168E (ran problem mode fortran at 168-3 performance) and later upgraded 3081E (ran at 3081 performance), used by both SLAC and CERN.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#69 Remembrance of things past
reference this old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#email890707

originally used for initial data reduction from accelerator sensors

feb1980 article reference to slac 168/E that says it runs at about one half 168 speed that is controlled by pdp/11
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?reload=true&tp=&arnumber=4330893&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D4330893

this is cern 168/E article that says controlled by motorola 68k
http://cds.cern.ch/record/878041/files/p579.pdf

this is slac oct1979 168/E article ... discussing implementation and the pdp11 control software
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-2418.pdf

March '83 joint cern/slac article on 3081/E ... says about the same performance of 168-3 to 2.5 times faster ... dependening on instructions and pipelining
http://www-spires.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3069.pdf

Aug85 joint cern/slac 3081E article discussion includes both online and offline use of the machines.
http://slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3753.pdf

topic drift ... slac had first web server outside europe on its (mainframe, virtual machine) vm370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
first web pages
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
Date: 01 Feb 2015
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://qz.com/334636/heres-how-a-retired-submarine-captain-would-save-ibm/

I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM ... part was on OODA-loop all parts going on asynchronous, concurrently ... rather then sequential, serially. Some analogy with the "holy grail" of programming is to be able to specify program at abstract level that doesn't devolve into sequential, step-by-step, serial operation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

In briefings, Boyd would talk about US military at entry to WW2, created rigid, top-down, command&control structure to deploy enormous numbers with little or no experience and to leverage few skills available. He would contrast that with Guderian's Verbal Orders Only in the Blitzgrieg as part of encouraging the person on the spot to make their own decisions. He would also comment that US corporate culture was starting to be contaminated by former military officers started to climb corporate ladder with their training in rigid, top-down, command&control, assuming only the people at the very top knew what they were doing (also has been used to explain explosion in ratio of executive to worker compensation ratio to 400:1 after have been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world).

Some of this has been captured in EBFAS (Boyd would frequently use the individual words regarding organizational structure, aka politics):.
EBFAS stands for Einheit, Behendigkeit, Fingerspitzengefuhl, Auftragstaktik, and Schwerpunkt. It is in German, because EBFAS is a concept based on German ideas that have been highly influential to military units across the world.

Einheit is mutual trust, oneness, unity, cohesion, similar implicit orientation.

Behendigkeit is mental agility, the ability to see and break out of deep patterns or ruts in thinking. Boyd called this process 'building snowmobiles' or creativity under fire. Or improvisation under fire.

Fingerspitzengefuhl is a 'finger tip feel' for the battle field or market or organization. It is a sense of health of the organization, intuitive competence, know yourself/know your enemy.

Auftragstaktik is mission command or mission orders. It is a contract between leaders and subordinates. The German's now call it fuhren mit auftrag or leading by mission. The why is emphasized and not the how. It is also referred to as commander's intent. It is decentralized command concept.

Schwerpunkt is focus and direction, goal, strategic objective, destination, vision. It is the 'hard point' or 'difficult point'. In German, it is the center of gravity. It is an unmoving target that everyone is working towards.


...

disclaimer: late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet until sometime middle 80s). Folklore is that when the executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

About the same time as Boyd's comments about corporate culture was being contaminated by former military officers (and rigid, top-down, command&control), there was also lots of discussion about MBA's destroying american business with the myopic focus on quarterly numbers.

Trivia ... some members of the Boyd community are now looking at doing diesel-electric submersibles resulting in claims that it is causing Rickover turning over in his grave.

other posts mentioining EBFAS:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#80 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#4 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#40 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#12 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#37 History--computer performance comparison chart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#40 China's Fifth-Generation Fighter Could Be A Game Changer In An Increasingly Tense East Asia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#51 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#68 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#49 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders

recent posts mentioning Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#21 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#24 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#26 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#35 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#31 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#47 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#49 IBM's Ginni Rometty Just Confessed To A Huge Failure -- It Might Be The Best Thing For The Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#68 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives.
Date: 01 Feb 2015
Blog: IBM - Past and Present Employees
IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/story/news/local/2015/01/30/ibm-ceo-pay-raise/22618399/

IBM boss Ginni Rometty to pocket a $3.6 million performance bonus; Summary:IBM's revenues may have declined for 11 consecutive quarters and its stock price has fallen, but its CEO, Virginia Rometty, is taking a hefty addition to her already substantial paycheck
http://www.zdnet.com/article/ibm-boss-ginni-rometty-to-pocket-a-3-6-million-performance-bonus/
IBM boss gets bonus despite company's woes
http://phys.org/news/2015-01-ibm-boss-bonus-company-woes.html

Rometty and other top executives did not take bonuses for 2013, after IBM turned in disappointing results for that year. But even though IBM is still struggling to catch up with recent shifts in the way corporate customers buy technology, it disclosed a new pay package that appears to be a vote of confidence in her efforts.

... snip ...

We left summer 1992, but later somebody in the bowels of Armonk contacted us about looking at all the interdivisional MOUs/DOUs as part of the breakup (IBM was reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breakup, one division would have supplier contract that another division was taking advantage of in MOU/DOU ... which would have to have explicit contracts in any breakup). The board brought in new CEO to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup before we got started. During this period we also heard complaints from people still in IBM that top executives weren't running the business, instead they were spending all their time shifting expenses from the following year into the current year. Our contact in Armonk eventually explained that the top executives didn't get bonus for the year in the red, but that the way the executive bonus plan was written, if they could shift enough expenses from the following year so that it is even the slightest in the black, they would get bonuses more than twice as large as the largest previously paid bonus (effectively getting rewarded for taking the company into the red).

along the lines about using computer war gaming technology for strategies that maximize profit/bonus ... resulting in the Success of Failure scenarios ... example:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Note that after Gerstner leaves IBM, he went on to head up one of the largest private-equity companies (trivia: the industry had gotten such a bad name during the S&L crisis that they changed their name to "private-equity" and "junk bonds" became "high-yield bonds"). That private-equity company then did reverse-IPO, LBO of the major for-profit company involved in the Success of Failure culture ... and employer of the intelligence professional that has been in the news ... 70% of intelligence budget and half the people are for-profit companies
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington

Private-equity LBOs has been compared to house-flipping ... except the loan is put on the company books and can be flipped for less than paid and private-equity still walks away with boat loads of money. The enormous debt-load increase on the victim company puts enormous pressure to make money any/every way possible. Also over half the corporate defaults are companies that currently or previously were involved in private-equity deal.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Note that Gerstner had previously been president at AMEX ... and AMEX was in competition with KKR for do private-equity LBO of RJR ... and KKR wins. KKR then runs into problems with RJR and hires away Gerstner to turn it around. This references some of the techniques used at RJR ... and then later at IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

Other trivia: about the same time IBM is going into the red, AMEX spins off its financial services outsourcing business (includes number of large mainframe datacenters with scores of max. configured largest ibm mainframes) in the largest IPO up until that time. 15yrs later KKR does a private-equity LBO of that same company in what is described as the largest reverse IPO up until that time.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
Date: 01 Feb 2015
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html# Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide

The 55 million MIPS is 55TIPS. IBM had base list price of $1815 for e5-2600v1 blade which had ratings of 400-500BIPS. Current e5-2600v3 blade has rating of 1.3TIPS (2-3 times increase) ... its a "tick" in the 14nm chip process ... and it is about to "tock"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Tick-Tock

A single rack of e5-2600v3 blades will be pushing 100TIPS. A typical cloud megadatacenter will have several hundred thousand blades ... getting close to million million MIPS.

As mentioned upthread, based on 1qtr2014 financials ... several years ec12 sales volume could be handled by single 450mm, 14nm chip wafer ... which may have contributed to IBM selling off its chip business (not large enough chip sales to have its own chip manufacturing).

other recent posts mentioning e5-2600v3 blades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#97 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#24 Unisys CEO ousted, shares slip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#164 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#36 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Winslow Wheeler's War

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Winslow Wheeler's War
Date: 01 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
Winslow Wheeler's War
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/02/winslow-wheeler-114795.html

slightly related tale about beltway bandits (and some of the stuff he has had to put up with). part of the story is Success of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
heavily involving beltway bandits
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington
posts mentioning Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

In the 90s, I'm on panel discussion in standing room only ballroom with CTOs from several security companies. I comment that I'm taking a $500 milspec part, aggressive cost reduce (3 orders of magnitude) while making it more secure
http://csrc.nist.gov/nissc/1998/index.html
followed by being asked by lead technical director at the agency information assurance directorate to take part in assurance panel at IDF (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

So in the early 80s, my wife worked in office bldg. in Tysons. The building was later bought by a beltway bandit, a similar structure built on the back parking lot and lobby built between the two buildings. We are invited to meet with an executive (revolving door director from Success of Failure agency). When the building was bought they gutted and redid the inside ... but the executive's office now occupies nearly the same space as my wife's old office. We talk about how I can totally change the network infrastructure landscape and make everything significantly more secure ... but unfortunately it does it by tweaking the basic infrastructure ... largely eliminating any need for additional add-on security. He closes the meeting by saying he isn't able to figure out how to make a profit out of it.

Note that when Gerstner left IBM, he goes to head up one of the largest private-equity companies ... around the time of the referenced meeting, they had done a reverse-IPO, LBO of this beltway bandit. There has been analogy made with house flipping, but they put the LBO loan on the victim company, creating enormous debt load and companies are motivated to make money any/every way possible (over half corporate defaults are private-equity victim companies). The victim company can even be flipped for less than paid and private-equity still walks away with boat loads of money (since the debt stays with the flipped company).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0
posts mentioning gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerster
posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a bit of hope? What was old is new again

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Feb 2015 10:20:13 -0800
0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
Where I read: ... For example, one thing I try to do is to have our IT infrastructure employees trained to code so that they can automate repetitive tasks.

In contrast to the Enterprise mindset frequently apparent here: "We don't want our general IT infrastructure employees coding." And even (though less frequently lately): "How can I prevent my coders' using Unix System Services?"

OTOH a current thread in IBMVM:
https://listserv.uark.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind1502&L=IBMVM&O=D&F=&S=&P=1987
missing CUA 2001 package files...

... explores the legal, technical, and social hazards of garage tools development.


IBM used FUD during the OCO-wars in the early 80s including the enormous risks of customers having source and allowing their programmers to change it. It was part of transition that included charging for operating system software. there was some study that the internal datacenters had enormous library of operating system changes ... and there was similar number of LOC in the waterloo "library"

in the 23jun1969 unbundling announcement, that started to charge for (application) software, SE services, maintenance, etc ... the company managed to make the case that operating system software should still be free. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

then during the Future System period in the first part of the 70s, internal politics was killing off 370 efforts (FS was completely different and going to completely replacing 370). The dearth of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving 370 clone processor makers a market foothold. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

with the death of FS, there was a mad rush to get stuff into the 370 product pipelines ... which contributed to decision to release a bunch of (370) stuff that I had been doing all during the FS period (although I would periodically ridicule the FS activity which wasn't exactly career enhancing). Some of my stuff was then selected as guinea pig starting to charge for operating system softare (some claims part of the countermeasures to clone makers).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a bit of hope? What was old is new again

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Feb 2015 13:50:26 -0800
edgould1948@COMCAST.NET (Ed Gould) writes:
yet IBM never delivered a source code "maintenance" system. Something that practically everyone was in need of.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#84 a bit of hope? What was old is new again.

science center did the multi-level cms update source maintenance system as part of joint project with endicott to implement cp67 370 virtual machine emulation on 360/67.

the non-virtual memory 370 emulation was originally used by branch office HONE online cp67 systems to test new operating systems.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

the full virtual memory 370 emulation was used for development of 370 virtual memory operating systems (i.e. 360/67 cp67 virtual memory machine emulation was in regular production use a year before 370 virtual memory hardware became available).

cp67 distribution was always full source ... and customers typically built their systems from the source. This continued with the vm370 followon ... new releases had single source file per module ... and then monthly maintenance&enhancement distributions was done via incremental add-on updates ... with cumulative source included updates included on every monthly maintenance&enhancement distribution. New releases would merge the incremental updates into base source file and things would start again ... accumulating increasing number of incremental source updates.

SHARE waterloo updates and customers used the same process for their source changes ... and large part of internal development did also (which accounted for the origin of a lot of the OCO-wars). Not that new releases ... besides past incremental updates being incorporated into base source files ... there could also be large amount of new function/code added ... never before seen by customers as incremental updates ... increasing the difficulty of release to release migration. Tools were developed (both inside & at customers) that would analyze new source releases and pick out differences from the latest previous release (with all maintenance/changes applied) to facilate the release to release source transition.

There were also periodic internal fights ... where various MVS-based product (like JES2) did all their stuff with CMS source maintenance ... but were required to convert to the "official" internal MVS process for final integration.

Note after FS failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

q&d 3033 (starting out as 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster chips) and 3081 efforts were kicked off in parallel as part of mad rush to get stuff into the 370 product pipelines.

during the 3033 product life, there started to be minor (supervisor state) tweaks made to the machine which were mandatory for new operating system releases. The clone makers initially responded with operating system patches to work with non-tweak hardware. As patching the operating system was made more and more difficult, the clone makers eventually responsed with "macrocode" ... basically 370 instructions running in new machine mode that would implement the tweak features .... this enormously simplified the implementation of such features ... compared to the enormous difficulty involved in generating native microcode. This shows up in 3090 timeframe when clone vendor has used macrocode to create "hypervisor" support ... and it was a much larger (& longer) effort for 3090 to eventually respond with PR/SM.

In the current timeframe, things could be construed as customers having their own programming support staff represents money that could otherwise be spent on vendor software&services (2012 claim that processor sales represented 4% of revenue ... but total mainframe group, including software&services was 25% of total revenue and 40% of profit).

The same efforts to inhibit clone vendor patches ... also increasingly made it difficult for customers to move their changes to new releases (they either stayed on their old hardware or moved to new clone hardware that worked with the older releases). The OCO-wars could be viewed as both inhibiting new operating system versions working on clone processors and minimizing customer migration latency to latest software releases and hardware models.

One of the worst case examples starts during the FS period, I continued to work on 370s (and periodically ridicule FS). Also one of my hobbies was producing highly enhanced production operating system distribution for internal datacenters (science center was on 4th flr of 545 tech sq, and multics was on 5th flr of 545 tech sq, at one point I would needle the multics crowd that I had more internal datacenters running my enhanced operating systems than all the datacenters in the world running multics). Anyway, for some reason, one of these versions was made available AT&T longlines ... which then made a lot of their own enhancements and distributed it throughout a lot of AT&T. Nearly a decade later the IBM AT&T national sales rep tracks me down to ask me to help with AT&T. The decade old operating system, AT&T would apply the patches to move to the latest 370s ... except it didn't have multiprocessor support ... and initially the 3081 was going to be a multiprocessor "ONLY" machine. Large parts of AT&T was looking at moving to faster, newer, clone (uni-)processors ... because they were dependent on this decade old operating system (that didn't have multiprocessor support).

As an aside, if the original AT&T relationship had continued ... about 18months after they got the original (internal) version ... they could have gotten an update with multiprocessor support. past posts mentioning multiprocessor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

past posts mentioning the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a bit of hope? What was old is new again

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Feb 2015 17:48:33 -0800
edgould1948@COMCAST.NET (Ed Gould) writes:
So, it was IBM saying if you don't run VM, FY? I think the many MVS sites would take exception to that. From my perspective VM was OK some things but not for PRODUCTION. VM was a sand box so the real work was to be done on MVS.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#84 a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again.

depends on what you mean by "real work". Nearly all "online", "network" and various other kinds of "real work" inside IBM ... went on with VM.

there was the virtual machine based (initially cp67, then vm370), world-wide online sales&marketing support HONE system ... and by mid-70s, an IBM mainframe couldn't be ordered w/o having been processed on HONE. some past HONE posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

when I first transferred from Cambridge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

to San Jose Research, they let me wander around various locations in silicon valley (there use to be a joke that I worked 4shifts a week, 1st shift in SJR, 2nd shift in disk engineering, 3rd shift in STL, now SVL, and 4th shift/weekends at HONE).

when I first transferred, I found the disk engineering and development lab was all being done "stand-alone", mainframes being scheduled 7x24 for testing. At one point they had tried to use MVS (allowing multiple concurrent testing), but in that environment, MVS had 15min MTBF (hang/fail requiring manual restart). I offerred to rewrite I/O supervisor so that it would be bullet proof and never fail, enabling. multiple concurrent, on-demand testing ... significantly improving productivity. I wrote an internal document describing all the enhancements ... and happened to include the MVS 15min MTBF reference ... which drove the POK MVS over the edge (not that I couldn't prove it true, but that I had made the information public inside IBM) ... and I was eventually told that while they couldn't actually get me fired, but they would be able to make sure that I never got an corporate award for the work.

One of the other side-effects was since it was my software, any problems disk enginneering would constantly suck me into working on their problems. They also start insisting that I sit in on conference calls with pok channel engineers. past posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

old email reference that 3380s about to ship and MVS system is hanging/crashing in *all* the standard FE error injection tests (and in 2/3rds of the cases, MVS leaves no indication what caused the failure).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

note that the internal network originated at the cambridge science center (virtual machine based) and was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime in the middle 80s. Most of the nodes were vm370 and much of source development went on vm370 systems (even for mvs based products). part of the issue was severe limitation with the MVS networking support ... limit on max defined nodes were much less than total number of internal nodes ... also mixed up design so networking & job control information was intermixed in headers ... resulting in traffic between dissimilar MVS releases crashing MVS. As a result, any MVS systems were restricted to edge nodes, fronted by VM370 systems that had special code that would convert all header information into exact format required by the directly connected specific release of MVS.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Note that this wasn't SNA ... at least not until the late 80s when the communication group insisted/demanded that it convert to SNA ... which was major factor leading to its demise.

the same technology was also used for the corporate sponsored university network BITNET (EARN in europe) which was also larger than arpanet/internet for a time. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

Also, the original relational/sql System/R was developed on 370/145 vm370 at san jose research in the 70s. STL was responsible for IMS ... but nearly all the developers did their work on vm/cms. The followon to IMS was EAGLE ... and while the corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE, it was possible to get tech. transfer for System/R to Endicott released as SQL/DS. When EAGLE finally imploded, they wanted to know how fast could System/R be ported to MVS ... eventually released as DB2.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a bit of hope? What was old is new again

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Feb 2015 18:45:16 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#84 a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#86 a bit of hope? What was old is new again.

part of customer facing issue was that in the aftermath of FS failure in the mid-70s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, the head of POK convinced corporate to kill-off vm370/cms product, shutdown the burlington mall development group and transfer all the people to POK, otherwise he wouldn't be able to ship MVS/XA on schedule in the 80s. They weren't going to tell burlington until the very last minute to try and minimize the number of people that might escape ... however the information leaked and lots of the people got away (one of the jokes was that the head of POK was one of the major contributors to DEC VAX/VMS).

Endicott managed to save the vm370/cms product mission ... but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch ... and lots of the stuff that was in progress in burlington never resurfaced.

also it put major damper on significant enhancements in customer releases. HONE had major enhancements for single-system-image, cluster operation with load-balancing and sharing across multiple multiprocessor systems, even being able to handle fall-over between geographically distributed complexes. A little of this finally shows up in customer release 30yrs later in 2009.

HONE was able to accomplish these enhancements despite being under enormous pressure to move to MVS platform ... repeatedly they would be directed that they had to move to MVS ... and put all resources into the effort for a year or more ... only for it to eventually be declared a complete failure.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

They even tried blaming me for HONE inability to move to MVS platform ... because HONE was one of my long time internal customers for enhanced production operating systems (back to cp67 days).

note that in the early 70s, CERN did a share mvs/tso - vm370/cms bakeoff report ... copies internally were classified "confidential - restricted" ... aka available on need to know basis only ... because it made a mockery of what POK was claiming internally (even tho it was freely available outside IBM). CERN & SLAC were long time production vm370 customers ... and the first webserver outside of europe/cern was on the slacvm system.
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
first web pages
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

somewhat topic drift, slac did a bit-slice "168E" that implemented sufficient problem state to run 370 fortran programs ... they were used to do initial data reduction from sensors along the linear accelerator. this was then upgraded to 3081E and they were used at both SLAC and CERN for offline, initial data reduction as well as online compute farm. recent post in a.f.c. with other slac references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#79

past posts mentioning cernt tso/cms bakeoff:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#61 360 Architecture, Multics, ... was (Re: X86 ultimate CISC? No.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#49 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercompu
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#67 Coulda, Woulda, Shoudda moments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#14 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#51 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#73 Where did text file line ending characters begin?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#64 vm marketing (cross post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#54 SHARE MVT Project anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#73 Home mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#54 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#53 HASP assembly: What the heck is an MVT ABEND 422?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#69 OT: One for the historians - 360/91
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#22 303x, idals, dat, disk head settle, and other rambling folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#13 What is timesharing, anyway?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#56 model 91/CRJE and IKJLEW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#16 When nerds were nerds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#21 TSO alternative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#10 XDS Sigma vs IBM 370 was Re: I/O Selectric on eBay: How to use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#26 Moribund TSO/E
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#27 Moribund TSO/E
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#39 System/360 40th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#17 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#26 IEH/IEB/... names?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#35 Fw: Tax chooses dead language - Austalia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#20 Old PCs--environmental hazard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#34 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#42 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#29 old tapes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#40 old tapes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#28 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#40 Why isn't OMVS command integrated with ISPF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#85 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#10 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#34 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#39 UBS Faces Potential LIBOR Fine Of $1 Billion -- Twice What Barclays Paid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#13 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ancient computers in use today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ancient computers in use today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:35:28 -0800
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
H, H extended or H Extended Enhanced Optimiztion IUP?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#74 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#75 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#79 Ancient computers in use today

courtesy of the palo alto science center by the same person that had done the apl microcode assist for 370/145 ... somewhat for SLAC ... a couple miles away (pasc was on pagemill, slac is on sand hill). a couple old "fortq" posts ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#52 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#21 "Super-Cheap" Supercomputing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#87 Gee... I wonder if I qualify for "old geek"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#49 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked atech revolution

above also has this old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#email811228

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a bit of hope? What was old is new again

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: a bit of hope? What was old is new again.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 3 Feb 2015 09:59:30 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
FSVO "this". IBM distributed service with preassembled modules. Only if you had updates would the service process reassemble.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#84 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#86 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again

vm370 monthly service tapes (referred to as "PLC" or program level change) had both the full original release source and all the accumulated source updates ... besides having precompiled modules.

The burlington group had done a modified CMS TAPE program for release and monthly PLC service tapes (VMFPLC). Among the things "lost" with the shutdown of the Burlington development group was the source changes for VMFPLC (one of the few things where the full source wasn't shipped). I was possibly the only person in the company that still had the original source for VMFPLC. some discussion in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#42 VMFPLC2 tape format

In the late 70s, I was doing an internal backup/archive for internal datacenters and enhanced the VMFPLC source to add some additional features and get higher tape data capacity (lot more tape record blocking so there were fewer physical tape records). Originally distributed mostly in the silicon valley area (including HONE) ... but started to spread through much of the rest of the company. This went through several internal releases ... and then was enhanced for customer release with lots of client applications for backing up distributed environment and released as workstation datasave ... which morphs into ADSM ... and then when IBM was unloading the disk division, morphs into TSM. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cmsback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change
Date: 03 Feb 2015
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-02/ny-judge-slams-wells-fargo-forging-documents-and-why-nothing-will-change

from above:
Today, thanks to Zero Hedge contributor 4closurefraud.org, who over the weekend noticed a critical filing in the case of Cynthia Carrsow-Franklin vs Wells Fargo, we find something stunning: in his 30-page decision (attached below), Drain accused Wells of forging, and explicitly used the word "forged", not once, not twice, but a whopping 22 times in his opinion!

... snip ...

securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. In the late 90s, we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages. However, they then found that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth "triple-A" from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played in the financial mess).
http://www.wsj.com/articles/s-p-justice-department-states-close-to-1-37-billion-settlement-1422460397

Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents, and they could now do no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, package them up and pay for triple-A rating ... and sell off ... including to entities that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension funds ... significant factor in being able to do over $27T during the economic mess.
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

Then they started doing securitized mortgages specifically designed to fail, sell to their customers, and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

However, from the law of unintended consequences ... all those dodgy, no-documentation, liar loans result in the too big to fail having to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate documents for foreclosure process.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

also recent item

Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/tom-adams-ocwens-servicing-meltdown-proves-failure-of-obamas-mortgage-settlements.html

from above:
Now we have the disaster of Ocwen, the fifth largest servicer in the country, imploding as a result of the settlement charade. Sean Donovan, the Treasury and the Attorneys General were all told repeatedly that the servicing problems were serious and needed to be addressed. Instead, they listened to the banks and mortgage servicers themselves, who earnestly swore that they had seen the light and mended their ways.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Feb 2015 20:03:37 -0800
"Jack Myers" <jmyers@n6wuz.net> writes:
...probably more common than most programmers realize. I requested (and got) a five figure credit to re-do a 'final' series economic studies. The problem required numerical integration of a non-linear function over regions with irregular boundaries. In desparation I turned to Monte Carlo integration.

[Ask Lynn Wheeler to explain again why it was so expensive to run CPU-intensive tasks under CP/CSS.] When the 'known' test control cases came back out-of-tolerance I humbly chalked the problem to my less-than-stellar programming skills and the difficulty of the problem.

It turned out that the congurential random number library in the [public source] IBM Scientific Subroutine Library contained a line like: INEXT = I + <carefully selected constant on a twos-complement 32-bit machine> + 1 Someone had 'simplified' the expression with the net result that the mean value was about 5% off. Perhaps it made for a good 'who's going to pay for lunch?' bet.


original cp67/cms had dispatcher/scheduler that possibly came from ctss ... since it appeared similar to things I saw later in unix (unix tracing back to ctss via multics).

I modified it to dynamic adaptive resource scheduling ... and it became common to run processor at 100% and stil give excellent interactive response.

there was lots of simplification in the morph from cp67/cms to vm370/cms and most of my dynamic adaptive scheduling that tracked resource useage was dropped. It substitued two level queue ... best queue was whenever there was a terminal i/o and was ahead of anything that hadn't done terminal i/o in awhile. cms had a "blip" function that wiggled the 2741 ball (or printed a character) periodic after some amount of cpu use. A compute bound task could do extraneous terminal i/o to give in high priority execution.

I continued to work on 360/370 stuff all through the future system period (including periodically ridiculing FS activity) and eventually moved a bunch of stuff from cp67 to vm370 base ... as well as my hobby of providing/supporting enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

The dynamic adaptive resource management ... where scheduling priority was based on resource consumption. Excellent interactive response was supported ... but wasn't compromised by hacks where compute bound tasks could run away with the processor (lots of other platforms and implementations had recommendations about keeping workload limited, well under 100% utilization ... as part of trying to provide good interactive response).

when FS imploded there was made rush to get stuff back into product pipelines contributed to letting me release lots of stuff I had been doing all during the FS period. ... some past FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

recent thread in ibm-main discussing some of this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#84 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#86 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#89 a bit of hope? What was old is new again

past posts ing this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#51 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#56 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#57 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#60 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#61 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#63 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#66 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#67 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#68 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#70 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
Date: 04 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/tom-adams-ocwens-servicing-meltdown-proves-failure-of-obamas-mortgage-settlements.html

from above:
Now we have the disaster of Ocwen, the fifth largest servicer in the country, imploding as a result of the settlement charade. Sean Donovan, the Treasury and the Attorneys General were all told repeatedly that the servicing problems were serious and needed to be addressed. Instead, they listened to the banks and mortgage servicers themselves, who earnestly swore that they had seen the light and mended their ways.

... snip ...

securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. In the late 90s, we were asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages. However, they then found that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth "triple-A" from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played in the financial mess).
http://www.wsj.com/articles/s-p-justice-department-states-close-to-1-37-billion-settlement-1422460397

Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents, and they could now do no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, package them up and pay for triple-A rating ... and sell off ... including to entities that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments, like large pension funds ... significant factor in being able to do over $27T during the economic mess.
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Then they started doing securitized mortgages specifically designed to fail, sell to their customers, and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans).

However, from the law of unintended consequences ... all those dodgy no-documentation liar loans result in the too big to fail having to setup the large robo-signing mills to fabricate documents for foreclosure process.

remember bush-I replaced the head of CIA ... supposedly because he would go along with "team b" analysis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
then when he was VP ... he said that he wasn't aware of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was spending fulltime as administrative point-person for financial deregulation ... resulting in S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
which also had other family members involved
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html
then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five" (quote from Keating email telling them to "get black"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
highly recommend his book:
http://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/
also
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

loc657-58:
Or more commonly, to pretend to create a real estate empire while siphoning deposits into, say, personal jet planes, a favorite in Texas.

loc660-61:
Another owner with a $1.8 billion loan book had bought six Learjets before the Feds noticed that 96 percent of his loans were delinquent.

... snip ...

The recent economic mess has had no criminal referrals or convictions even though it was 70 times larger than the S&L crises which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions. too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-jail

aka S&L crisis, deregulation allowed somebody to buy a S&L and then loot the deposits. There was some amount of non-regulated institutions packaging fraudulent mortgages, securitizing them and selling to the unsuspected ... but w/o triple-A rating it was small time stuff. Last decade, discovering that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating, exploded the market to over $27T ... 70 times larger than the S&L crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives.
Date: 04 Feb 2015
Blog: IBM - Past and Present Employees
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives.

further IBM with the Success of Failure theme

IBM redefines failure as 'success,' gives underachieving CEO huge raise
http://www.latimes.com/business/hiltzik/la-fi-mh-ibm-redefines-20150202-column.html

Summer of '69 I was brought into Boeing as full time employee (I was still undergraduate) to help with setting up Boeing Computer Services (consolidate dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment ... a little like modern clouds). The local IBMers told me story that when 360 was announced, Boeing walked into the branch office and placed an enormous 360 order .... the IBM salesman knew almost nothing about 360 but the commission made him the highest paid IBM employee that year. This prompted IBM to change from straight commission to quota system. The following year, another Boeing order resulted in the salesman making quota by the end of January and IBM "adjusted" his quota for the year. The salesman resigned and started his own computer services company. Supposedly if they adjust quotas for employees, the board can adjust the executive bonus plan.

Success of Failure postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Update History Documentaries | Watson | PBS Video

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Update History Documentaries | Watson | PBS Video
Date: 04 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
Update History Documentaries | Watson | PBS Video
http://video.wskg.org/video/2318724146/

on change in IBM's corporate culture ... from "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Ferguson & Morris (about failure of Future System effort in the mid-70s):
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, FS took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during FS, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

posts mentioning Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I had been ask to track some of the early (POK) virtual memory history for "ibm-main" (customer mainframe mailing list). This is old post with some of the details (including some FS details)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

At the time, my wife reported to one of the FS "section owners" and periodically did review of other sections. She has commented that whole sections were just "blue sky" ... lacking any content ("where's the beef").

FS was completely different from 360/370 and was going to completely replace it ... internal politics was killing off 370 efforts and the dearth of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processors a market foothold. I continued to do 370 stuff doing the period ... and would periodically ridicule FS activity ... which wasn't exactly career enhancing. Another take on some of the FS activity
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

56kbit modems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 56kbit modems
Date: 05 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
When I got online at home in Mar1970 it was 2741 at 134baud, didn't get 300baud at home until late 70s, then 1200, 2400, 14.4k.

CP67 first delivered to univ. in the 60s had 2741 & 1052 terminal support (with auto identification). The univ had some number of TTY/ASCII terminals ... so I integrated TTY/ASCII support into CP67 ... including the automatic terminal identification. The 2702 terminal controller had "SAD" command that allowed switching the terminal type specific "port scanner" on a port basis under software control ... which was used by the auto-terminal identification. I then tried to have single dial-up number with common pool ("hunt group") and ports for all terminals ... which was when I found out that it couldn't quite work. While it was possible to dynamically change the terminal-type port scanner for each port ... the 2702 took shortcut and hardwired the line-speed oscillator to each port. This motivated a univ. project to build a clone controller that would support both port dynamic line-speed and terminal-type (reverse engineer ibm channel, build channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate 2702). Four of us get written up as responsible for (some part of) clone controller business ... Interdata marketing it as clone controller ... and later under the Perkin/Elmer logo. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

1980, STL (now SVL) was bursting at the seams and they were going to move 300 people from the IMS group to offsite building. They were offered remote 3270 over 19.2kbit lines back to the STL datacenter. They found the human factors totally intolerable (having been use to vm370/cms with local channel attached controllers). I got sucked into doing channel extender support for them ... with remote channels at the offsite bldg. and local channel attach controllers (claims were that people couldn't tell the difference between real local channel attach and remove channel attach operation). Part of this was that standard channel protocol is half-duplex and lots of protocol chatter latency. I did full-duplex, asynchronous datastreams downloading channel programs to the remote channel emulators ... that radically reduced the latency for operating remote channels. The vendor then wanted IBM approval to ship to customers. However, it was blocked by group in POK playing with some fiber stuff and worried that if it was in the field in would inhibit the ability to ship their stuff. Note: their stuff wasn't released until a decade later in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it was already obsolete.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Note that later an IBM/PC 3277 hardware emulator card direct coax to local channel attach controller would have 3times the sustained upload/download speed of a 3278 hardware emulator card (because of the enormous coax latency and protocol chatter introduced with much of the 3278 terminal logic moved back in the controller)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Note that the internal network was technology from the IBM cambirdge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

... as was virtual machines, GML (precursor to SGML & HTML) and bunch of other things, internal network was *NOT* SNA or VTAM and was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until around the time the internal network was forced to convert to SNA/VTAM in the later part of the 80s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

The corporate sponsored univ. BITNET also used the internal network technology (as did European EARN) and for a time in the early 80s was also larger than the arpanet/internet.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

Slightly-related thread from today:
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10205115277177188

Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Rate Control
https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7415

We were doing rate-based over 30 years ago in HSDT. This is rate-based description I wrote for "XTP" in the late 80s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

It used to be the RFC authors granted IETF/ISOC unlimited rights to the RFC ... and derivative documents could be done just including the IETF/ISOC copyright. I had big problem when that change ... up until that change I would do a lot of abstraction and derivative works (carefully following all copyright requirements). Then I had to hire a copyright lawyer to explain copyright to head of ISOC, when somebody tried to retroactively apply the copyright change to earlier RFCs.

In HSDT we had been working with NSF and NSF supercomputer centers on interconnect. We were suppose to get $20M to do it, then congress cuts the budget and some other things happen ... and then finally NSF releases an RFP. Internal politics prevent us from bidding on the RFP. Trying to help, the director of NSF (with support from other agencies) write the company a letter, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as did comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all bid responses). As regional networks tie into the supercomputer centers, it morphs into the NSF backbone ... precursor to modern internet.

... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Anthem Healthcare Hacked

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Anthem Healthcare Hacked
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 6 Feb 2015 19:38:55 -0800
Anthem's stolen customer data not encrypted; But under federal law, health insurance companies don't have to encrypt user data.
http://www.cnet.com/news/anthems-hacked-customer-data-was-not-encrypted/

In early part of century, I was co-author of financial industry privacy standard ... and we had some meetings with gov. employees that had drafted the original HIPAA legislation back in the 70s. They mentioned that special interests had kept it from being passed for decades ... and even once it was passed, there were no provisions for actually doing anything/security about it.

we were also tangentially involved in the cal. state data breach legislation ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

A lot of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed, in-depth public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft, primarily of the form of fraudulent financial transactions as the result of breaches and there was little or nothing being done about the breaches. An issue is typically an entity/institution takes security measures in self protection, In the case of the breaches, the institution wasn't at risk ... it was their customers. It was hoped that the publicity from the breach notifications would prompt breach countermeasures.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
Date: 06 Feb 2015
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
S&P Near $1.37 Billion Settlement of Crisis-Era Suits
http://www.wsj.com/articles/s-p-justice-department-states-close-to-1-37-billion-settlement-1422460397

triple-A rating (when both sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from OCT2008 testimony in congressional hearings into role that rating agencies played) major factor in over $27T
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

the triple-A rating allowed them to sell trillions in toxic CDOs to those restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments ... like large pension funds

S&P Said Near $1 Billion Mortgage Ratings Settlement With U.S.
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-01-13/s-p-said-near-1-billion-mortgage-ratings-settlement-with-u-s
S&P close to $1.37B deal over risky mortgage bond ratings
http://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2015/01/28/s-p-close-to-137b-deal-over-risky-mortgage-bond-ratings

S&P and the Puffery Defense
http://mathbabe.org/2015/02/04/sp-and-the-puffery-defense/

During the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the ratings agencies played in the economic mess ... one of the business news broadcasters said that the ratings agencies will likely avoid federal prosecution with the threat of downgrading federal rating.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
Date: 06 Jan 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10205118127128435
also
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/WhstaGGmkQA

Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

from above:
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

loc1124:
The actual content of the military doctrine of 1993 reflected the Yeltsin administration's hopes for a strategic partnership with the West and presented a relatively benign picture of the external security environment confronting Russia

... snip ..

The Warren Brief
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all

from above:
Larry Summers explains Washington to Elizabeth Warren in one sentence:

"In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.'"


... snip ...

this claims Summers responsible for CDS being unregulated leading to the AIG mess
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/277-75/19459-larry-summers-goldman-sacked
even more
http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/127107/jon-corzine-as-treasury-secretary-would-create-goldman-sachs-royal-house/

Convention is that Summers was Rubin protege and Geithner was mentored by both Rubin & Summers. Rubin was point person for CITI getting repeal of Glass-Stegall (enabling too big to fail; former contender with Gerstner for CEO of AMEX had acquired CITI in violation of Glass-Steagall, Greenspan gave him exemption while he lobbies washington) added to GLBA; original rhetoric for GLBA was its primary purpose was to keep new entries out of banking (eliminate competition, specifically citing walmart and m'soft). As soon as GLBA was on its way, Rubin resigns and joins CITI (original items reference co-CEO/chairman Rubin had previously been head of Goldman), replaced by Summers. During this period Geithner was in NYC as head of NYFED.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin

it was last decade (with Rubin at CITI and Geithner at NYFED) ... some of the worst stuff went on in the economic mess. At end of 2008, the four largest TBTF were still holding $5.2T in "off-book" toxic assets (with CITI holding the most).
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

Greenspan/Federal reserve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
glass-steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

past posts mentioning Summers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#30 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#35 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#13 Jack Lew Shows His True Colors By Forcing Deregulation of Derivatives on the CFTC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#2 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ancient computers in use today

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ancient computers in use today
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 07 Feb 2015 09:57:10 -0800
local news just had item about ancient software at state agencies, 619 major cobol applications developed in 80s ... frequent crashes&outages, almost impossible to maintain or change ... in part because of the lack of cobol programmers. The state is even considering setting up financial incentive for schools to produce cobol programmers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Anthem Healthcare Hacked

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Anthem Healthcare Hacked
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Feb 2015 09:49:33 -0800
hal9001@PANIX.COM (Robert A. Rosenberg) writes:
What is done with the Sensitive Data is importance. In many cases, such as passwords, there is no need to know the actual data but only to compare it with some supplied value to see that it matches. Thus a stored one-way hashed value is secured since there is no way to unhash it since all that is needed is to hash the value you think it is and compare the two hashes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#96 Anthem Healthcare Hacked

an issue is something you know shared-secrets for authentication, pins, passwords, as well other information you might know that can be used for authentication, "mother's maiden name", "social security number", "date-of-birth", etc ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#secrets

... but skimming attacks can occur in the infrastructure before the data is hashed. also hashing doesn't work if working with human operators that are doing purely visual compare.

one of the worst is financial industry ... where the "account number" tends to be "dual-use" ... essentially both for authentication, but also required in dozen of business processes at millions of locations around the planet (security requirements that authentication info is kept totally confidential and *NEVER* divulged, conflicting requirements when same information is also required for large number of business processes) ... harvesting can be breaches at backends, at any of the business processes, any of the transmission points and at the originating front-ends.

hash for password repositories has been used for some time ... storing hashed password first done in unix in early 70s:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Password#History_of_passwords

trivia ... above also mentions CTSS:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

then some of the CTSS people go to the science center on 4th flr 545 tech sq ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
others go to the 5th flr and do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

some of the people working on Multics return home and do simplified version that they call Unix.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix#History

above also references "Greg Chesson" ... who I worked with in the 80s, when I was on the XTP technical advisory board.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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