List of Archived Posts

2019 Newsgroup Postings (01/01 - )

How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
The rise and fall of IBM
Network names
Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
Fwd: It's Official: Open-Plan Offices Are Now the Dumbest Management Fad of All Time | Inc.com
10 Years With Tux
Network names
Balanced Federal Budget
Employees Come First
When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage
Employees Come First
China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
The PDP11 and subsequent influences
TARP Funds and Noncompliant
Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
Dancing Elephant
IBM assembler
IBM assembler over the ages
Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
Financial Engineering
The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
Date: 01 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/24/books/review/golden-passport-duff-mcdonald.html

How Harvard Business School Wrecked the World
https://agorafinancial.com/2018/12/10/how-harvard-business-school-wrecked-the-world/

lots of quotes:

From there... it's only a small leap to the attitude there's no right
or wrong.

The most revealing anecdote in McDonald's article is told by John
LeBoutillier, the former congressman and longtime Newsmax
columnist. He was HBS classmates during the 1970s with Jeffrey
Skilling -- who went on to oversee the epic late-1990s fraud known as
Enron. (Skilling was released to a halfway house earlier this year).

In class one day, the students discussed what they would do if they
were the CEO of a company and they discovered the firm was making a
product that might kill its customers. "I'd keep making and selling
the product," LeBoutillier recalls Skilling saying. "My job as a
businessman is to be a profit center and to maximize return to the
shareholders. It's the government's job to step in if a product is
dangerous."

... snip ...

The Golden Passport: Harvard Business School, the Limits of
Capitalism, and the Moral Failure of the MBA Elite
https://www.amazon.com/Golden-Passport-Harvard-Business-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B01JFYB12W/
The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
One Nation Under God (capitalism had got such bad for the depression
and supporting Nazi Germany, they authorized major propaganda campaign
to equate capitalism with Christianity).
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
Nocompliant
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For
Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of
America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a
controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best
operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of
channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great
products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as
taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel,
even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of
GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize
shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say
that?

... snip ...

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our
Future (Joseph E. Stiglitz)
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
Date: 01 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#120 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions

former AMEX president leaves as CEO of IBM to become head of large
private equity fund ... was specializing in buying government
contractors and beltway bandits (including one that will employ
Snowden). Agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use
gov. contract funds to lobby congress, but PE owners appear to be
under no such restrictions ... hiring prominent politicians to lobby
congress to outsource business to their companies. Companies in
PE-mill are under intense pressure to cut corners in order to service
heavy debt load and push profits up to their owners
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget
and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure
culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of
failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war").
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

"Barbarians at the Capitol" take-off on "Barbarians at the Gate". AMEX
& KKR were in competition for PE, LBO take-over of RJR and KKR
won. KKR then ran into problems and hired away president of AMEX to
help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

Then IBM ran into problems and hired away the former president of AMEX
to help turn it around ... using some of the same techniques used at
RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Note that the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L
crisis that they change the industry name to private equity and
"junk bonds" become "high-yield bonds".

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

More recently PE has moved into medical practices, hospitals and
health care companies.
https://www.advisory.com/daily-briefing/2018/06/20/private-equity

Globally, the value of private equity agreements in health care
increased 17% from $36.4 billion in 2016 to $42.6 billion in 2017,
according to a Bain & Co. report. The number of deals between private
equity firms and health care firms increased about 29% from 206 in
2016 to 265 in 2017.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The rise and fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The rise and fall of IBM
Date: 01 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#37 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#99 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#112 The Post-IBM World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#118 The Post-IBM World

"The rise and fall of IBM", by former IBM executive
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

After 40 years of unrivalled success, IBM is now in serious
trouble. What has happened? Jean-Jacques Duby explains how the
company's values and the cogs and wheels of its internal management
system doomed IBM to failure, in the light of long developments in the
technical, economic and commercial environment. But why there should
have been such a sudden shock remains a mystery. Perhaps IBM's mighty
power had delayed its downfall, making this all the more brutal as a
result, like the earthquake which follows the sudden encounter of two
continental plates.

... snip ...

.. FS was countermeasure to clone controllers (but then the internal
FS politics and lack of 370 products during this period, gave clone
processors market foothold)
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future
System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead
that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such
a high level of integration that it would be impossible for
competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the
project failed because the objectives were too ambitious for the
available technology.  Many of the ideas that were developed were
nevertheless adapted for later generations. Once IBM had acknowledged
this failure, it launched its 'box strategy', which called for
competitiveness with all the different types of compatible
sub-systems. But this proved to be difficult because of IBM's cost
structure and its R&D spending, and the strategy only resulted in a
partial narrowing of the price gap between IBM and its rivals.

... snip ...

About year after taking two semester hour introduction to
computing/fortran class, I was hired fulltime to be responsible for
academic and administration production OS/360 system. Last week of
Jan1968, three people from IBM Cambridge Science Center came out to
install CP67/CMS at the univ. (3rd install after science center and
MIT Lincoln Labs). The univ. shutdown the datacenter on weekends which
gave me time to play with CP67 (as well as OS/360 work) ... although
48hrs w/o sleep sometimes made Monday morning classes a little
hard. CP67 shipped with 2741 & 1052 terminal support (with auto
terminal type recognition). The university had some TTY/ASCII
terminals and I had to add support for those terminals (including
merging in the auto terminal type recognition).

I then wanted to have single telephone dial-in number ("hunt group")
for all terminals, but it wouldn't quite work. While IBM controller
allowed the terminal type line/port scanner to be changed, line speeds
were hard wired for each port (2741 & 1052 terminals were same speed,
but TTY terminals were slower speed). This was part of motivation for
the university to start a clone terminal controller project; implement
our own channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate
IBM terminal controller ... but also being able to do dynamic line
speed. This was later enhanced with Interdata/4 for the channel
interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for port/line
interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin-Elmer) sells this as IBM clone
terminal controller. Four of us get written as responsible for (some
part of) IBM clone controller business.

Note later, the extremely complex and baroque interface between host
VTAM and 37x5 NCP can be construed as left over from the FS
effort. Roll-forward to mid-80s, I was asked to take a baby bell
implementation of combined VTAM/NCP implementation on Series/1 that
had significant better function, performance and price/performance
than CPD's implementation and turn it out as TYPE-1 IBM product
(simulated cross-domain ownership of resources to real host
VTAMs). What CPD did next to block the effort can only be described as
truth is stranger than fiction (and CPD wasn't any more happy about it
than they were doing the original clone terminal controller).  part of
old series/1 vtam/ncp presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67 System/1 ?
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70 Series/1 as NCP (was: Re: System/1 ?)

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

other recent "rise & fall" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#41 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#77 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#14 Leaked IBM email says cutting 'redundant' jobs is a 'permanent and ongoing' part of its business model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#26 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#30 IBM project discussions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#86 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#62 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#21 IBM ... the rise and fall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#42 S/360 announce 4/7/1964, 54yrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#97 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Network names

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Network names
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Jan 2019 11:35:42 -0800

smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:

Well, at one time I expected
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_Open_Systems_Interconnection_Profile
(GOSIP) to displace SNA, but the Feds went TCP/IP despite the mandate
and that was all she wrote.

Part of GOSIP was mandate to eliminate tcp/ip and internet. At Interop
'88 there were some number of OSI application booths (even tho it was
an internet conference) ... supposedly vendors trying to appeal to
expected government customers. However both OSI & SNA didn't have
internet layer (SNA also didn't have a network layer).

The market went TCP/IP ... and government agencies went with the
market (government in the 80s started increasingly going COTS, which
was whatever the market was doing).

trivia: there was joke about ISO & OSI compared to IETF &
TCP/IP.  IETF required at least two interoperable implementations
before progressing in the standards process ... while ISO didn't even
require a specification to be implementable to be made a standard. In
some sense I was part of TCP/IP forces that couldn't see how OSI could
ever prevale, regardless of the Federal mandates. I had IBM equipment
in booth at Interop 88 (but not in the IBM booth).

Interop 88 posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
Date: 03 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#116 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/

pg57/loc779-81:

The newspaper articles about the three transactions I had read in
preparation for this meeting painted a picture that seemed consistent
with their pre-BSC reputation. Which is to say that four years after
becoming a bank, Goldman seemed to not have done much beyond promising
to change.

... snip ...

After the take-over of CITI in the 90s, in violation of
Glass-Steagall, Greenspan gave them an exemption while they
lobbied congress to get it repealed ... which was eventually added to
the list of things in GLBA. Part of the outcome of the 30s Pecora
hearings into the '29 crash was FDIC insurance and Glass-Steagall.
Glass-Steagall required that FDIC insured institutions couldn't
participate (and/or use public money) for activities outside strict
FDIC regulatory practices.

The original rhetoric on the floor of congress about the purpose of
GLBA was that if you were already had a bank charter (i.e. FDIC
insured depository financial institution), you got to keep the
charter, but if you didn't already have a charter, you couldn't get
one, specifically calling out WalMart and Microsoft (i.e. keeping new
institutions from competing with FDIC insured institutions).

In the early part of the century there were comments about operational
practices at CITI, that career (FDIC insured, depository institution)
bankers were being replaced with other kinds of people that had
totally different operating practices (very similar to accounts in
"Nocompliant"). In the wake of the economic mess and the Federal
Reserve doing the real "bailout" behind the scenes, the FED gave out
banking charters to some of their friends (theoretically in violation
of GLBA), which theoretically required them to meet the operational
standards required by FDIC insured institution. "Noncompliant" talks
about similar problems at these institutions as described earlier
about CITI at the turn of the century.

There is some overlap with "We the Corporations: How American
Businesses Won Their Civil Rights"
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of
corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights
for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of
corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of
the people.

... snip ...

where corporate institutions were original restricted to only
operating in the public interest. Then there was lots of lobbying to
allow institutions that didn't operate in the public interest to be
also setup as corporations ... and then to be treated as "people" and
claim constitutional rights. This goes back to Jefferson/Hamilton
battles ... frequently portrayed as battles over size of government,
but frequently was about Jefferson opposing Federal government giving
private individuals and institutions special privileges without
requiring them to operate in the public interest.

Short History Of Corporations
https://newint.org/features/2002/07/05/history
Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/

loc5080-83:

Hamilton wanted the bank to be funded by federal deposits but run, in
part, for the benefit of private investors. Jefferson and Madison
objected. 29 They feared that the Hamiltonian program would enable
financial speculators to benefit from commercial transactions made
possible by government funds.

... snip ...

Trivia: Jan2009 (a decade after being asked to help try and prevent
the coming economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings
(30s Senate hearings into the '29 crash, resulting in Glass-Steagall,
FDIC-insurance, etc) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what
happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for
awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all
(references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying
capital hill, possibly only two honest members left in congress).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
Date: 03 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/26/science/chess-artificial-intelligence.html

There are analogous stories about computer programmers that were
proficient in programming language (analogous to people that are
proficient in natural language, think, dream, breath that language)
... trying to explain things to people that thought only in some
natural language ... who when working on computer programs had to
constantly translate from some natural language (like English) into
programming instructions (they didn't actually think in a programming
language, so had completely different frames of reference when
performing programming tasks)

... adn from a different frame of reference:

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Toyota reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#54 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#59 Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#93 The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#2 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#24 The Ultimate Guide to the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#8 How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#82 Quality Efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#65 Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fwd: It's Official: Open-Plan Offices Are Now the Dumbest Management Fad of All Time | Inc.com

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Fwd: It's Official: Open-Plan Offices Are Now the Dumbest Management Fad of All Time | Inc.com
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 3 Jan 2019 12:13:02 -0800

marktregan@GMAIL.COM (Mark Regan) writes:

For those of you who find yourselves in this type of working environment.
https://www.inc.com/geoffrey-james/its-official-open-plan-offices-are-now-dumbest-management-fad-of-all-time.html

long ago and far away ... from "Real Programmers Don't Eat Quiche":

Real Programmers never work 9 to 5.  If any Real Programmers are
around at 9 AM, it's because they were up all night.

so can concentrate and avoid interruptions from co-workers and phone
calls.

older trivia: as undergraduate, about a year after taking two semester
hr intro to fortran/computers, I was hired fulltime to be responsible
for univ. academic and administration os/360 systems. The univ. shutdown
the datacenter from 8am sat. to 8am monday ... and I had the whole
datacenter dedicated to myself ... although 48hrs w/o sleep could make
monday morning classes a little hard.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

10 Years With Tux

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 10 Years With Tux
Date: 03 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

10 Years With Tux (March 2010)
http://ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/trends/linux/10_years_with_tux/

Highlights of the Linux on System z Timeline

A decade after it was first ported to the IBM mainframe environment,
businesses are still adpoting Linux* on System z* for their high I/O
and mission-critical workloads, and for good reason.

... snip ...

I have old SHARE trip report where IBM had said that the year after
LINUX was ported to mainframe (2001), LINUX accounted for 11% of total
mainframe MIPS shipped.

Recent observation is LINUX runs on 70% of all "real" computers
(i.e. significant percentage combined together in the hundreds of
thousands of systems that make up a cloud megadatacenter or a
supercomputer); another area LINUX dominates is smart devices and
embedded controllers ... typical car can have ten linux systems and
typical home may have 30 linux systems.

and similar to dominance of linux in the server and embedded markets,
Google Android (75% world cellphone market share) and (Chromebook)
Chrome/OS are linux under the covers

recent posts mentioning cloud megadatacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#6 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#40 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#48 360 announce day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#57 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#9 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#89 z14 and zBX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#30 Converting programs to accommodate 8-character userids and prefixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#36 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#24 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#27 The Medici Effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#96 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#14 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#21 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#111 Online Timsharing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Network names

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Network names
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Jan 2019 14:32:32 -0800

smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:

I would have loved to see an enhanced SNA with internetworking and
DNS, but when CCITT refused to look at it, that wasn't an option.

If the major TCP-based protocols at least switched to SCTP, that would
be an improvement.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#3 Network Names

late 80s, I was on XTP technical advisory board ... that IBM
communication group found hard to block.

XTP has high-speed option for TCP/IP. Supported internetworking and
reliable delivery in minimum of 3-packet exchange (compared to TCP that
requires minimum 7-packet exchange for reliable transmission and the
earlier stanford VMTP that required minimum 5-packet exchange for
reliable transmission).

We had been doing rate-bassed pacing inside the HSDT effort (T1 & faster
speed links, both satellite and terrestrial) for several years ... and I
wrote the draft for rate-based in XTP. There was lots of XTP multi-cast
reliable work by various DOD organizations (went into navy's SAFENET).  Also
cleaned up some other stuff in TCP flow that was serialized ... so it
could be pipelined. Much of this was influenced from SGI and Greg
Chesson from SGI's pipelined graphics engines.

SCTP, XTP and TCP as transport protocols for high performance computing
on multi-cluster grid environments
https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2127989
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-12659-8_17
Xpress Transport Protocol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xpress_Transport_Protocol
SAFENET II-THE NAVY'S FDDI-BASED COMPUTER NETWORK STANDARD
(although it mentions the dreaded "OSI" word)
https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a230482.pdf
XTP
http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~acw/netx/xtp_long.html

The Xpress Transport Protocol (XTP) has been designed to support a
variety of applications ranging from real-time embedded systems to
multimedia distribution to applications distributed over a wide area
network. In a single protocol it provides all the classic functionality
of TCP, UDP, and TP4, plus new services such as transport multicast,
multicast group management, transport layer priorities, traffic
descriptions for quality-of service negotiation, rate and burst control,
and selectable error and flow control mechanisms.

... snip ...

in some sense, SCTP is a later subset of some of the XTP features
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCTP
SCTP Oct2000.
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2960

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
XTP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtphsp
rate-based pacing draft for XTP (1989)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

we were also doing some slight of hand with selective resend. There was
work with Berkeley Reed-Solomon company (that did a lot of the work for
CDROM standard, they were then bought by Kodak) on high-speed 15/16-rate
Reed-Solomon ... and selective resend (if couldn't be corrected by
RS-FEC) would transmit the 1/2-rate Viturbi (rather than original data,
could reasonably recover even if both packets had unrecoverable errors
with RS-FEC) ... and if things really got noisy, dynamically switch to
1/2-rate Virturbi (within 15/16-rate Reed-solomon).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viterbi_decoder
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed%E2%80%93Solomon_error_correction

Reed-Solomon codes are a group of error-correcting codes that were
introduced by Irving S. Reed and Gustave Solomon in 1960.[1] They have
many applications, the most prominent of which include consumer
technologies such as CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, QR Codes, data
transmission technologies such as DSL and WiMAX, broadcast systems such
as satellite communications, DVB and ATSC, and storage systems such as
RAID 6.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Balanced Federal Budget

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Balanced Federal Budget
Date: 05 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

recent related post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

PAYGO
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO
spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all
federal debt, allowed to lapse 2002.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO#Statutory_PAYGO_(1990%E2%80%932002)
2010, CBO report that 2003-2009, spending was increased by $6T and tax
revenue cut by $6T ... for $12T gap compared to PAYGO (1st time taxes
were cut to not pay for two wars). By 2005, US Comptroller General was
including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of of middle
school arithmetic (for how badly the were savaging the budget). Sort
of confluence of Federal Reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal
debt, special interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and
military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

Note that SECTREAS had convinced congress to pass TARP for buying
offbook toxic assets, bailing out the the Too Big To Fail.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program
But with only $700B appropriated it could hardly dent the problem with
jus the four largest TBTF holding $5.2T offbook toxic assets
ye2008. TARP was used for other stuff and Federal Reserve did the real
bailout,
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and tens of
trillions in ZIRP funds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

The Federal Reserve fought long legal battle to prevent what they were
doing being made public. When they lost, the FED chairman held a press
conference and said that he had expected that the TBTF would use ZIRP
funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't he had no way to force
them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note the FED chairman had
been partially selected as a depression era scholar. However, the FED
had tried something similar then with the same results, so the chairman
shouldn't have expected anything different this time. Note that
FED/TBTF deal with ZIRP funds doesn't work without
enormous trillions in bloated federal debt.

Note that paying credit rating agencies for triple-A rating on
securitized mortgages (when the rating agencies knew they weren't
worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony), eliminated any
reason to care about borrowers' qualification and/or loan quality. The
only concern was how fast they can close the deal for the largest
amount possible, since the triple-A allowed them to sell everything
off into the bond market (including to operations restricted to only
dealing in "safe" investments, like large institutional pension funds,
large part of doing over $27T 2001-2008). Then they found that they
could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell
into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would
fail. End of 2008, the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG
and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS
steps in and has AIG sign a document that they can't sue those making
the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face
value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest
recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail ("Too Big To Prosecute", "Too Big To Jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Employees Come First

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Employees Come First
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance
is Bogus; One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular
press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a
fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value."
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html
from above:

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of
corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a
stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of
things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And
there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty
of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific
obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those
responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in
particular.

... snip ...

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in
America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

aka ... all the money going into propping up stock price and cutting
future investment. As Stockman goes into great detail, this is
becoming increasingly coming among top executives totally focused on
making their bonuses (before they retire and get out). Since then
there has been a lot more IBM stock buybacks.

for other drift: The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets (Mandelbrot & Hudson)
https://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO
although
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
from above:

Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM
decided to end pure research

... snip ...

Mendelbrot description of period from 60s through the last decade was
continuing to use same computations even when they are repeatedly
shown to be wrong. Some of Mendelbrot's references are similar to this
(by nobel prize winner in economics) Thinking Fast and Slow
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA
pg212/loc3854-60:

"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a
larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an
illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many
people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

another area is manipulating pension plans ... some of the IBM
specific excerpts
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
from this book
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our
Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards.

... snip ...

Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
https://www.amazon.com/Freefall-America-Markets-Sinking-Economy-ebook/dp/B0035YDM9E/
pg271/loc5101-4:

Standard economic theory (the neoclassical model discussed earlier in
this chapter) has had little to say about innovation, even though most
of the increases in U.S. standards of living in the past hundred years
have come from technical progress.56 As I noted earlier, just as
"information" was outside the old models, so too was innovation.

... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

posts mentioning Mandelbrot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#67 China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#71 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#3 The Decline and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#71 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#16 Ancient History (OS's) - was : IBM Destination z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#63 The 17 equations that changed the course of history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#84 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#94 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

recent posts mentioning "retirement heist":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#3 Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#17 NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#29 Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#40 Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#112 How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#17 Pentagon to outsource all strategy to Booz Allen Hamilton (warning satire?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#68 Before Snowden, an NSA Spy Tried to Incite Change From the Inside
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#112 The Post-IBM World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage; The same neocons who gush
about alliances today were telling anyone not on board with the Iraq
invasion to 'go to hell.'
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/remembering-when-trashing-our-allies-was-all-the-rage/

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis
that claims huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military
spending increase.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Employees Come First

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Employees Come First
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#10 Employees Come First

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was building & supporting enhanced
operating systems for internal datacenters (including world-wide
online sales&marketing support HONE system, which was long time
customer). After being blamed for online computer conferencing in the
late 70s and early 80s on the internal network (folklore is that when
the corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to
fire me), there was lots of increasing pressure on places like HONE to
move off my systems, first getting hit with did they have MOUs with my
management for my supporting the systems. Then they started getting
hit with questions about things like what they would do if I was hit
by a bus. There was no more focus on quality but reducing employees to
interchangeable parts and the lowest common denominator.

online computer communication posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Later we were doing HA/CMP cluster scaleup, working with RDBMS vendors
on commercial and national labs on technical/scientific ... reference
to meeting on commercial scaleup JAN1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred,
announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we
were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four
processors. We leave IBM a few months later. Some other detail in this
post/thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his
briefings at IBM. Part of the briefing was that former military
officers were starting to contaminate US companies with their rigid,
top-down, command&control (only those at the very top know what they
are doing). However, this was also about the time that articles were
starting to appear about how MBAs were destroying US corporations with
the myopic focus on short term results.

When he was instructor at Nellis, he was considered possibly best
fighter pilot in the world. By the time he passes, he was pretty much
disowned by USAF and it was the Marines at Arlington (and all his
effects went to Quantico). So it was somewhat surprise that USAF would
dedicate "Boyd Hall" at Nellis (after he passes) ... from dedication:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question.

... snip ...

Boyd ref from 2013: 40 Years of the 'Fighter Mafia'; An informal group
begun by Col. John Boyd and mathematician Tom Christie calls for
military reform--by doing more with less. ... F15, F16, F18, A10
.... plus some of the follow on discussion. Most recent we went back
for Dec2017 with some people back from Afghanistan
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/

and IBM downhill slide Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM
World", Time Books .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st
half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts
were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is
credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold (Boyd
philosophy about "To be or to do" overlapped Watson "free and vigorous
debate"):

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *sycophancy* and *make
no waves* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM
lived in the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

China's African debt-trap: Beijing prepares to seize Kenya's port of
Mombasa
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2018/12/china-prepares-to-seize-kenyas.html
China's African debt-trap: Beijing prepares to seize Kenya's port of
Mombasa
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3605624
Debt-trap diplomacy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debt-trap_diplomacy
China's debt traps around the world are a trademark of its imperialist
ambitions
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/global-opinions/wp/2018/08/27/chinas-debt-traps-around-the-world-are-a-trademark-of-its-imperialist-ambitions/

US version that started with "War Is a Racket" and "Economic Hitman"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
also references Butler's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "perpetual war" (for the military-industrial complex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

US version, more
https://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266
pg89/loc1598-1601:

I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy,
its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would
never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon
the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973
CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador
Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire
was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but
did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.

pg217/loc3378-80:

However, by the late 1980s it was apparent that Saddam was not buying
into the EHM scenario. This was a major frustration and a great
embarrassment to the first Bush administration. Like Panama, Iraq
contributed to George H. W. Bush's wimp image. As Bush searched for a
way out, Saddam played into his hands.

... snip ...

EHM story is to convince countries to start massive infrastructure
projects predicting benefits far in excess of possible. Country gets
loans to pay for projects and companies skim massive profits. Country
can't keep up with payments. US gov goes in and helps them restructure
payments in return for special considerations.

and then last decade did it to their own country: Confidence Men: Wall
Street, Washington, and the Education of a President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about
new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et
al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him
elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most
of those institutions.
https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=140594464

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

posts mentioning EHM, Economic Hit Man
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT:  Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PDP11 and subsequent influences

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PDP11 and subsequent influences
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 06 Jan 2019 23:51:42 -0800

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Well, a case could be made that the IBM 704 heavily influenced a *lot* of the
other computers that were made and sold after it - the PDP-4/7/9/15, the
PDP-5/8, the Honeywell 516, the Hewlett-Packard 2114, and various 24-bit
machines.

The PDP-11, of course, got to be the way it was because _it_ was influenced by
the IBM System/360.

But it is indeed true that, while they also deviated from it in various ways,
nearly every microprocessor owed something to the PDP-11 - and some of them even
noted this fact in their advertising (such as the 6502).

interdata/3 ... 1967
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata

Interdata, Inc., was a computer company, founded in 1966 by a former
Electronics Associates engineer, Daniel Sinnott, and was based in
Oceanport, New Jersey. The company produced a line of 16- and 32-bit
minicomputers that were loosely based on the IBM 360 architecture but at
a cheaper price.[1] In 1974, it produced one of the first 32-bit
minicomputers,[2] the Interdata 7/32. The company then used the parallel
processing approach, where multiple tasks were performed at the same
time, making real-time computing a reality.[3]

... snip ...

interdata 7/32 & 8/32
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata_7/32_and_8/32

The Model 7/32 and Model 8/32 were 32-bit minicomputers introduced by
Perkin-Elmer after they acquired Interdata, Inc., in 1973. Interdata
computers are primarily remembered for being the first 32-bit
minicomputers. The 8/32 was a more powerful machine than the 7/32, with
the notable feature of allowing user-programmable microcode to be
employed.

... snip ...

operating systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata_7/32_and_8/32#Operating_systems

Unix was ported to the platform in 1977 by two groups, working
independently; to the 7/32 at Wollongong University,[3] and to the 8/32
at Bell Labs, making the 32-bit Interdata machines the first non-PDP
computers to run Unix. (See V6 Unix, portability).[4] Bell chose the
8/32 for their port because it was as different from the DEC PDP-11 as
possible.[5]

... snip ...

PerkinElmer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PerkinElmer
PE Computer Systems Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PerkinElmer#Computer_Systems_Division

Perkin-Elmer was involved in computer manufacture for a time. The
Perkin-Elmer Computer Systems Division was formed through the purchase
of Interdata, Inc., an independent computer manufacturer, in 1973-74 for
some $63 million.[3][4] This merger made Perkin-Elmer's annual sales
rise to over $200 million.[4] This was also known as Perkin-Elmer's Data
Systems Group.[5]

The 32-bit computers were very similar to an IBM System/370, but ran the
OS/32MT operating system.

The Wollongong Group provided the commercial version of the Unix port to
the Interdata 7/32 hardware, known as Edition 7 Unix. The port was
originally done by the University of Wollongong in New South Wales,
Australia, and was the first UNIX port to hardware other than the
Digital Equipment Corporation PDP family. By 1982 the Wollongong Group
Edition 7 Unix and Programmer's Workbench (PWB) were available on models
such as the Perkin-Elmer 3210 and 3240 minicomputers.

In 1985, the computing division of Perkin-Elmer was spun off as
Concurrent Computer Corporation.[6

... snip ...

I had taken 2hr (semester) fortan (709/ibsys) intro to computer class
and then was hired for student programming job to reimplement 1401 MPIO
on 360/30 (part of transition replacing 709/1401 with 360/67 for
tss/360).  Got to design/implement my own monitor, device drivers, error
recovery, dispatcher, storage management, etc). TSS/360 never quite made
it to fruition and 360/67 ran as 360/65 most of the time with os/360 and
within year of my computer intro class, i was hired fulltime to be
responsible for academic and administration systems. Last weekend
Jan1968 (50yrs ago), three people from ibm cambridge science center came
out to univ to install CP67/CMS (3rd site after cambridge and mit
lincoln labs) and playing with CP67 (on weekends when datacenter
shutdown, and I had the place all to myself for 48hrs, os/360
maintenance, playing with cp67, etc, made monday morning classes a
little hard, 48hrs w/o sleep).

During spring and summer of 1968 I rewrote lots of CP67. One of the
things was CP67 had 2741 & 1052 terminal support (doing automatic
terminal type identification, using terminal controllerr SAD ccw to
switch terminal type port scanner). Univ. had some number of TTY/ASCII
terminals and I also had to add ASCII support to CP67. I then wanted to
have single dial-up number for all terminals ... hunt group
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

however, while IBM terminal controller supported SAD ccw to change port
scanner type, it had hard wire terminal line speed (2741 & 1052 were
same speed, TTYs were different). somewhat as a result, univ. started
clone controller project ... built channel interface board for
Interdata/3 minicomputer programmed to emulate IBM controller (but do
both dynamic speed and terminal type). Interdata then started selling it
as mainframe controller and four of us get written up as responsible for
(some part of) IBM clone controller business. Then PE buys Interdata.  I
ran into one of the boxes around the turn of the century handling
majority of the dialup card swipe, point-of-sale terminals on the east
coast.

360 clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TARP Funds and Noncompliant

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TARP Funds and Noncompliant
Date: 09 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

TARP Funds and Noncompliant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

TARP Funds
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

Noncompliant
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/
pg274/loc3351-53:

revealed Goldman's conflicts of interest during the 2008 financial
crisis. 10 Jerry and then New York Fed president Timothy Geithner
were, according to the Times, "close, speaking frequently and
sometimes lunching together at Goldman headquarters."

pg248/3354-56:

What the articles only hinted at but my colleagues filled in was that
during the 2008 crisis, Jerry used his clout over Tim Geithner, then
president of the New York Fed, to get Goldman employees access to
AIG's books under the pretense that Goldman was going to lend AIG
money to help them stay afloat.

pg248/loc3356-57:

What was actually happening was that AIG owed Goldman so much money
that if they failed to pay Goldman what it owed, the bank would go
bankrupt.

... snip ...

from a slightly different view: #2 on times list for those responsible
for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
Now better known for GLBA which included repeal of Glass-Steagall,
however he is on the list for legislation blocking regulation of
derivatives (CDS gambling bets), originally described as favor for
ENRON. The chair of CFTC suggested regulating derivatives, who was
then quickly replaced by #2's wife, while he got legislation blocking
any regulation. The wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and audit
committee.

Note that paying credit rating agencies for triple-A rating on
securitized mortgages (when the rating agencies knew they weren't
worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony), eliminated any
reason to care about borrowers' qualification and/or loan quality. The
only concern was how fast they can close the deal for the largest
amount possible, since the triple-A allowed them to sell everything
off into the bond market (including to operations restricted to only
dealing in "safe" investments, like pension funds, large part of doing
over $27T 2001-2008).

Then they found that they could design securitized mortgages to fail,
pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling
bets that they would fail (now they cared about borrowers'
qualifications, but not in the traditional way). End of 2008, the
largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay
off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS steps in and has AIG sign a
document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and
take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of
TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was
the firm formally headed by SECTREAS. The SECTREAS had pressured
congress into passing TARP funding, supposedly for buying off-book
toxic assets. However, with only $700B appropriated, it wouldn't have
solved the problem (just the four largest too big to fail were
carrying $5.2T off-book assets YE2008). The SECTREAS used TARP funds
(primarily AIG on behalf of the company he formally headed) and it was
the Federal Reserve that did the real bailout behind the scenes.

Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a
President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the *EHM
debt strategy* against the American public. Other references were
about new president having to choose between the economic A-team
(Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting
him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down
most of those institutions (choose B-team, including former president
of NY Fed as the new SECTREAS).

recent EHM post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#19 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

Whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail ("Too Big To Prosecute", "Too Big To Jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
Date: 12 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Com First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#12 Employees Com First

other trivia: the commercial side of HA/CMP had been constant battle
with rest of the Austin organization ... constantly claiming there was
no business ... even though we were working on cluster scaleup for
both technical/scientific (with national labs) and commercial (with
RDBMS vendors) .... early on we had change project name from HA/6000
to HA/CMP to reflect the cluster scaleup work ... and then cluster
scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for
technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we were told that we couldn't work
on anything with more than four processors ... we then leave IBM a few
months later (taking early out with bridge to 30)

1995 (three years after we left), the HA/CMP product administrator
tells us that HA/CMP revenue exceeded over half of IBM Austin revenue
(HA/CMP software only, doesn't include any revenue for the hardware)
... despite being knee-capped with transfer of cluster scaleup. The
nay sayers were then busily rewriting history (names redacted to
protect the guilty).

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dancing Elephant

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dancing Elephant
Date: 12 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

older threads on Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#58 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#51 A View From Beneath the Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#62 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?

A View from Beneath the Dancing Elephant
https://www.amazon.com/View-Beneath-Dancing-Elephant-Rediscovering-ebook/dp/B00KPKX7W8/

AMEX & KKR were in competition for PE, LBO take-over of RJR and KKR
won. KKR then ran into problems and hired away president of AMEX to
help turn it around. Then IBM ran into problems and was in the process
of being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for
breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former
president of AMEX to help turn it around and reverses the breakup
... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Former AMEX president then leaves IBM to head up another major
private-equity company, that was buying up beltway bandits (including
company that will employ Snowden) and gov. contractors ... hiring
prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource business to their
companies. Companies in the PE-mills are under intense pressure to cut
corners to push profit up to their owners (PE can borrow 100% to buy a
company, but then put the debt on the purchased company, which is then
under enormous debt load, over half corporate defaults are companies
currently or formally in the PE mill; what is funny is that the
defaults never affect the credit rating of the original PE borrowers).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues
of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has
boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of
State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget
and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, companies in
PE-mills get a lot more money from a series of failures (analogous to
military-industrial complex perpetual wars)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

One of the opportunities is agencies are prohibited from lobbying
congress and companies can't use gov. contract money in lobbying
congress ... but apparently PE owners have no such restriction.

other trivia: in 1992, AMEX spun off a bunch of its financial
transaction outsourcing business (enormous, mostly IBM mainframe
datacenters) in the largest IPO up until that time as First Data.

PE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM assembler

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM assembler
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 12 Jan 2019 18:00:27 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

I didn't think the /360 POP was particularly ambiguous. They did add a
ton of instructions, a new channel subsystem, virtual memory and the
multiple address-space stuff.

from ibm-main post last year

z/Architecture Principles of Operation SA22-7832-11 Twelfth Edition (September, 2017)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr011.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr011.pdf
z/Architecture Principles of Operation SA22-7832-10 Eleventh Edition (March, 2015)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr010.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr010.pdf
z/Architecture Principles of Operation SA22-7832-09 Tenth Edition (September, 2012)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr009.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr009.pdf

and

z/Architecture Reference Summary SA22-7871-09 Tenth Edition (September, 2017)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs009.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs009.pdf
z/Architecture Reference Summary SA22-7871-08 Ninth Edition (March, 2015)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs008.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs008.pdf
z/Architecture Reference Summary SA22-7871-07 Eighth Edition (September, 2012)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs007.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs007.pdf

just for the fun, I tried dz9zr012.pdf ... but didn't get anything

POP has all the instructions ... not just general application but lots
of system level and how they operate.

old reference to decision to transition all 370 to virtual
memory. base issue was MVT storage management was so bad, that typical
region sizes had to be four times more than was traditionally used
... as a result, a typical 370/165 system with 1mbyte real storage
only allowed four regions. Transition to virtual memory would allow
four times as many regions with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

initial OS/VS2 SVS ... was close to MVT running in 16mbyte virtual
machine under CP67. The biggest change was adding a little bit of
code to MVT to create 16mbyte virtual address space tables at startup
and a little bit of code to handle page fault and page I/O. The
biggest issue was channel programs were built by applications with
application space addresses ... and SVC0/EXCP had the same problem as
CP67 virtual machines ... the CCW virtual addresses had to be
converted to real addresses. Ludlow initially borrowed CP67's CCWTRANS
and cobbled it into the side fo SVC0/EXCP processing to create
"shadow" copies of the application channel programs but with real
addresses.

The transission from SVS to MVS involved giving every application
program its own 16mbyte virtual address space. However, OS/360
programming paradigm was extensively pointer passing API and as a
result kernel code had to have addressing to everything in the
application. As a result, 8mbyte image of the kernel code was mapped
into every 16mbyte virtual address space (leaving only 8mbyte for
application. The next issue was that subsystems were moved into their
own address space, but like the kernel code, needed access to
application space. To support that they defined the COMMON SEGMENT
AERA (CSA) that was used for API parameter list & return passing
... which was mapped into every application (and subsystem) address
space. The problem was that the space needed for parameter list &
return passing was proporational to the number of concurrent
applications and subsystems. By 3033 time-frame the COMMON SEGEMENT
had morphed into COMMON SPACE AREA (also CSA) ... typically 5-6mbytes
and threatening to increase to 8mbytes (leaving 0mbytes for
application use).

Another problem was that MVS I/O pathlength was huge and I/O redrive
idle latency was representing significant lost throughput (between the
time a previous I/O finishes and the time next queued I/O is started).

To address the COMMON SEGMENT AREA constraint they invented multiple
address space mode and to improve throughput, program call instruction
and return ... along with system hardware table that controlled
fiddling primary/secondary address space pointers for semi-privileged
subsystems ... move application space to secondary, load subsystem
space as primary ... allowing subsystem to access data in application
secondary space (and all address space swapping done w/o any kernel
execution). The problem was becoming so critical on 3033, a subset was
retrofitted to 3033 as "dual-address" space mode ... but still
required instruction path through kernel to flip all the address space
pointers.

To address the MVS device I/O idle redrive latency ... created
subchannel interface to do request queueing in the channel (possibly
implemented with external real-time processors) w/o putting MVS
processing in the critical path.

In much the same way that virtual memory was justified for all 370s
because huge (insolvable) problem with MVT system storage management
...  a lot of the later stuff was originally justified to address
other major MVS system issues.

Another issue was OS/360 paradigm needing CKD DASD with multi-track
search ... and inability to moved to fixed-block disks. Even though no
real CKD DASD has been manufactured for decades, the current OS/360
decedent still requires emulated CKD DASD on industry standard fixed
block disks. posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Finally, in 1980, IBM STL lab was bursting at the seams and they were
moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with
dataprocessing service back to STL datacenter. They had tried remote
3270 terminals but found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get
con'ed into doing channel extender support .... allowing putting in
channel attached controllers at the remote site (primarily channel
attached 3270 controllers and can't see difference between local STL
and offsite bldg). Hardware vendor tries to get IBM approval to
release support to customers ... but there was group in POK playing
with some serial stuff that gets approval turned down (afraid if it
was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff
approved). channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, i get asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that
they've been playing with quickly becomes fibre channel standard
(including some stuff I had done in 1980). Then in 1990, the POK
people get their stuff released as ESCON with ES/9000 (when it is
already obsolete).

Then some of the POK channel engineers become involved in fibre
channel standard (FCS) and define a heavy weight protocol that
drastically cuts the native throughput ... which finally ships as
FICON. Most recently numbers I've seen published is peak I/O for z196
that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICONs (running over 104 fibre channel). At
the same time there was an FCS announced for E5-2600 blade claiming
over million (native) IOPS (two such fibre channel having higher
native throughput than 104 fibre channel running FICON
protocol). ficon posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM assembler over the ages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM assembler over the ages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 14 Jan 2019 14:33:05 -0800

John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:

Plenty, since it runs linux web servers.  The market for mainframes
has for decades been online applications that have to stay up No
Matter What.  That's why the z/Series has so much checking and
recovery stuff.

After Jim Gray left for Tandem, he did survey/study of availability and
failurs. old overview:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

and most failures had shifted to people mistakes and environment (power
outages, earthquakes, floods, etc) ... general purpose hardware had
gotten significantly more reliable. For high availability operation,
focus had changed to 1) no changes, static, for something that had
been running the same way for years and 2) geographically separated
servers.

In 1990s, there was billions of dollars spent on redoing high value
financial operations ... which went down in massive failures ... big
fallback to if it isn't broke don't fix it (where the application value
is significantly greater than the difference between z/Series and other
platforms).

About this time, we would periodically visit one of the largest
financial transfer operations and he claimed that the primary reason
he had 100% for a decade or more 1) automated operator (people not
making mistakes), 2) triple-redundant IMS hot-standby in two
geographically separated locations)

On IBM side, a couple years ago when IBM was still publishing numbers,
it had the mainframe division was 25% of revenue but 40% of the bottom
line profit ... almost all of it was software and services, very small
couple percent was actually mainframe system sales (being able to milk
those customers where the risk of changing something far outweighed
any savings from potential move to less expensive platforms).

when we were out marketing for our (IBM) HA/CMP product, I coined the
terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability (to
differentiate from disaster/recovery) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
and HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

triple-redundant IMS hot-standby posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#47 Sysplex Info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#56 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#40 windows time service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#11 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#99 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#75 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#4 Did a mainframe glitch trigger DBS Bank outage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#55 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#0 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#6 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#16 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#59 Why major financial institutions are growing their use of mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#19 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

posts reference mainframe division (primarily software & services) 25%
of revenue but 40% of profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#25 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#24 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#90 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#20 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#56 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#33 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#4 upgrade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#98 Mainframe Use/History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
Date: 15 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2019/01/trump-cfpb-plans-obscene-change-to-payday-lender-rule.html

Kate Berry, the American Banker reporter that covers consumer
financial protection, has written another important article about the
continuing horror story of Trump's increasingly successful efforts to
pervert the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) into an agency
dedicated to harming consumers and protecting our Nation's most
predatory lenders.  Unfortunately, her January 14, 2019 article is
behind a paywall.

... snip ...

Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/01/bill-black-trump-cfpb-plans-obscene-change-payday-lender-rule.html

some background; Black was regulator that went after Keating (and
others, aka "Keating Five") in the S&L crises
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

The former Director of the Institute for Fraud Prevention now teaches
Economics and Law at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. During
the savings and loan crisis, it was Black who accused then-house
speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John
McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for
contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the
wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating --
after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent
a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.'
Metaphorically, of course. Of course.[5]

wrote a book on the S&L crises, The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to
Own One:
https://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

other trivia: ... VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime)

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some posts mentioning payday lenders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#19 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#37 New phone scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Financial Engineering

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Financial Engineering
Date: 15 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970
to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/

pg187/loc3667-70:

When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable
company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder
value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in
America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement,
though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent
the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than
innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true
staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:

In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in
revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year
generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better
managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had
built-in scale—meaning large size—due to GE's assets size and triple-A
credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank,
financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other
consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed
securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had
grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the
number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's
profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:

In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big
business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE,
understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as
rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication
of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.

... snip ...

basically the new corporate mantra was financial engineering ... more
financial engineering

pg199/loc3919-25:

Over his tenure, he cut back significantly on research and
development--by some 20 percent in the 1990s. In 1993, he told
BusinessWeek, "We feel that we can grow within a business, but we are
not interested in incubating new businesses." GE Capital itself was
built through countless acquisitions. As the CNNMoney writers put it,
"Consider first what the company really is. Its strength and curse is
that it looks a lot like the economy. Over the decades GE's well-known
manufacturing businesses--jet engines, locomotives, appliances, light
bulbs--have shrunk as a proportion of the total. Like America, GE has
long been mainly in the business of services. The most important and
profitable services it offers are financial."

pg200/pg3935-41:

He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the
reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not
put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy
possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the
new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.

... snip ...

and IBM financial engineering

The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

aka ... all the money going into propping up stock price and cutting
future investment. As Stockman goes into great detail, this is
becoming increasingly coming among top executives totally focused on
making their bonuses (before they retire and get out). Since then
there has been a lot more IBM stock buybacks.

for other drift: The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets (Mandelbrot & Hudson)
https://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO
note, Mandelbrot had resigned from IBM in 1987, protesting end to pure research
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
Date: 15 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US
military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/7xy5ky/the-american-military-sucks-at-cybersecurity

latest in long list of such reports

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/lets-face-it-its-the-cyber-era-and-were-cyber-dumb-30a00a8d29ad
'Hack the Air Force' bug hunting challenge uncovers 120 flaws in
websites and services
https://www.zdnet.com/article/hack-the-air-force-bug-hunting-challenge-uncovers-120-flaws-in-websites-and-services/
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
NSA Details Chinese Cyber Theft of F-35, Military Secrets
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/nsa-details-chinese-cyber-theft-of-f-35-military-secrets/
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyber espionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-12-15/us-navy-contractors-hacked-china-more-handful-times
FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, F-35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

a few past cyberdumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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