List of Archived Posts

2019 Newsgroup Postings (01/01 - )

How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
The rise and fall of IBM
Network names
Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
Fwd: It's Official: Open-Plan Offices Are Now the Dumbest Management Fad of All Time | Inc.com
10 Years With Tux
Network names
Balanced Federal Budget
Employees Come First
When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage
Employees Come First
China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
The PDP11 and subsequent influences
TARP Funds and Noncompliant
Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
Dancing Elephant
IBM assembler
IBM assembler over the ages
Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
Financial Engineering
The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
A Deep Dive Inside The Market's Toxic "Liquidity-Volatility-Flows" Feedback Loop
JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP
Are we all now dinosaurs, out of place and out of time?
Where's the fire? | Computerworld Shark Tank
The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
Unreadable code
DIA Chinese Military Power Report
An Epidemic Is Killing Thousands Of Coal Miners. Regulators Could Have Stopped It
Cluster Systems
Cluster Systems
The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
The Myth of Capitalism
The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army
Democracy in Chains
long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
The Russian Way of War (& Math Anxiety)
Indian Wars
Family of Secrets
Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
IBM Mainframe Z14
Astronomy topic drift
Iran Payments
Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
Rating agencies
3090/3880 trivia
Series/1 NCP/VTAM
IBM/PC Uptake
IBM bureaucracy
Bureaucracy and Agile
Economic Mess
This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Bureaucracy and Agile
This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Grant (& Conkling)
Employees Come First
instruction clock speed
instruction clock speed
23june1969 unbundling
23june1969 unbundling
Token-Ring
Economic Mess
23june1969 unbundling
Digital Planes
CICS Product 50 Years Old
Family of Secrets
Token-Ring
Backwards compatibility
21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday
21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday
How many years ago?
How many years ago?
370 virtual memory
How many years ago?
LUsers
LUsers
The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
IBM 5100
LUsers
Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay
LUsers

How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
Date: 01 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/24/books/review/golden-passport-duff-mcdonald.html

How Harvard Business School Wrecked the World
https://agorafinancial.com/2018/12/10/how-harvard-business-school-wrecked-the-world/

lots of quotes:

From there... it's only a small leap to the attitude there's no right
or wrong.

The most revealing anecdote in McDonald's article is told by John
LeBoutillier, the former congressman and longtime Newsmax
columnist. He was HBS classmates during the 1970s with Jeffrey
Skilling -- who went on to oversee the epic late-1990s fraud known as
Enron. (Skilling was released to a halfway house earlier this year).

In class one day, the students discussed what they would do if they
were the CEO of a company and they discovered the firm was making a
product that might kill its customers. "I'd keep making and selling
the product," LeBoutillier recalls Skilling saying. "My job as a
businessman is to be a profit center and to maximize return to the
shareholders. It's the government's job to step in if a product is
dangerous."

... snip ...

The Golden Passport: Harvard Business School, the Limits of
Capitalism, and the Moral Failure of the MBA Elite
https://www.amazon.com/Golden-Passport-Harvard-Business-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B01JFYB12W/
The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
One Nation Under God (capitalism had got such bad for the depression
and supporting Nazi Germany, they authorized major propaganda campaign
to equate capitalism with Christianity).
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
Nocompliant
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For
Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
Meet the Economist Behind the One Percent's Stealth Takeover of
America
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/05/meet-economist-behind-one-percents-stealth-takeover-america.html

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html

Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a
controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best
operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of
channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great
products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as
taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel,
even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of
GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize
shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say
that?

... snip ...

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our
Future (Joseph E. Stiglitz)
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
ENRON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions
Date: 01 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#120 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions

former AMEX president leaves as CEO of IBM to become head of large
private equity fund ... was specializing in buying government
contractors and beltway bandits (including one that will employ
Snowden). Agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use
gov. contract funds to lobby congress, but PE owners appear to be
under no such restrictions ... hiring prominent politicians to lobby
congress to outsource business to their companies. Companies in
PE-mill are under intense pressure to cut corners in order to service
heavy debt load and push profits up to their owners
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget
and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure
culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of
failures (analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war").
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

"Barbarians at the Capitol" take-off on "Barbarians at the Gate". AMEX
& KKR were in competition for PE, LBO take-over of RJR and KKR
won. KKR then ran into problems and hired away president of AMEX to
help turn it around.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

Then IBM ran into problems and hired away the former president of AMEX
to help turn it around ... using some of the same techniques used at
RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Note that the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L
crisis that they change the industry name to private equity and
"junk bonds" become "high-yield bonds".

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

More recently PE has moved into medical practices, hospitals and
health care companies.
https://www.advisory.com/daily-briefing/2018/06/20/private-equity

Globally, the value of private equity agreements in health care
increased 17% from $36.4 billion in 2016 to $42.6 billion in 2017,
according to a Bain & Co. report. The number of deals between private
equity firms and health care firms increased about 29% from 206 in
2016 to 265 in 2017.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The rise and fall of IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The rise and fall of IBM
Date: 01 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#34 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#37 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#79 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#99 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#112 The Post-IBM World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#118 The Post-IBM World

"The rise and fall of IBM", by former IBM executive
https://www.ecole.org/en/session/49-the-rise-and-fall-of-ibm

After 40 years of unrivalled success, IBM is now in serious
trouble. What has happened? Jean-Jacques Duby explains how the
company's values and the cogs and wheels of its internal management
system doomed IBM to failure, in the light of long developments in the
technical, economic and commercial environment. But why there should
have been such a sudden shock remains a mystery. Perhaps IBM's mighty
power had delayed its downfall, making this all the more brutal as a
result, like the earthquake which follows the sudden encounter of two
continental plates.

... snip ...

.. FS was countermeasure to clone controllers (but then the internal
FS politics and lack of 370 products during this period, gave clone
processors market foothold)
https://www.ecole.org/en/65/CM200195-ENG.pdf

IBM tried to react by launching a major project called the 'Future
System' (FS) in the early 1970's. The idea was to get so far ahead
that the competition would never be able to keep up, and to have such
a high level of integration that it would be impossible for
competitors to follow a compatible niche strategy. However, the
project failed because the objectives were too ambitious for the
available technology.  Many of the ideas that were developed were
nevertheless adapted for later generations. Once IBM had acknowledged
this failure, it launched its 'box strategy', which called for
competitiveness with all the different types of compatible
sub-systems. But this proved to be difficult because of IBM's cost
structure and its R&D spending, and the strategy only resulted in a
partial narrowing of the price gap between IBM and its rivals.

... snip ...

About year after taking two semester hour introduction to
computing/fortran class, I was hired fulltime to be responsible for
academic and administration production OS/360 system. Last week of
Jan1968, three people from IBM Cambridge Science Center came out to
install CP67/CMS at the univ. (3rd install after science center and
MIT Lincoln Labs). The univ. shutdown the datacenter on weekends which
gave me time to play with CP67 (as well as OS/360 work) ... although
48hrs w/o sleep sometimes made Monday morning classes a little
hard. CP67 shipped with 2741 & 1052 terminal support (with auto
terminal type recognition). The university had some TTY/ASCII
terminals and I had to add support for those terminals (including
merging in the auto terminal type recognition).

I then wanted to have single telephone dial-in number ("hunt group")
for all terminals, but it wouldn't quite work. While IBM controller
allowed the terminal type line/port scanner to be changed, line speeds
were hard wired for each port (2741 & 1052 terminals were same speed,
but TTY terminals were slower speed). This was part of motivation for
the university to start a clone terminal controller project; implement
our own channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate
IBM terminal controller ... but also being able to do dynamic line
speed. This was later enhanced with Interdata/4 for the channel
interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for port/line
interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin-Elmer) sells this as IBM clone
terminal controller. Four of us get written as responsible for (some
part of) IBM clone controller business.

Note later, the extremely complex and baroque interface between host
VTAM and 37x5 NCP can be construed as left over from the FS
effort. Roll-forward to mid-80s, I was asked to take a baby bell
implementation of combined VTAM/NCP implementation on Series/1 that
had significant better function, performance and price/performance
than CPD's implementation and turn it out as TYPE-1 IBM product
(simulated cross-domain ownership of resources to real host
VTAMs). What CPD did next to block the effort can only be described as
truth is stranger than fiction (and CPD wasn't any more happy about it
than they were doing the original clone terminal controller).  part of
old series/1 vtam/ncp presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67 System/1 ?
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70 Series/1 as NCP (was: Re: System/1 ?)

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

other recent "rise & fall" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#41 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#77 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#14 Leaked IBM email says cutting 'redundant' jobs is a 'permanent and ongoing' part of its business model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#26 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#30 IBM project discussions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#85 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#86 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#62 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#21 IBM ... the rise and fall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#42 S/360 announce 4/7/1964, 54yrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#22 The Rise and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#97 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Network names

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Network names
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Jan 2019 11:35:42 -0800

smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:

Well, at one time I expected
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_Open_Systems_Interconnection_Profile
(GOSIP) to displace SNA, but the Feds went TCP/IP despite the mandate
and that was all she wrote.

Part of GOSIP was mandate to eliminate tcp/ip and internet. At Interop
'88 there were some number of OSI application booths (even tho it was
an internet conference) ... supposedly vendors trying to appeal to
expected government customers. However both OSI & SNA didn't have
internet layer (SNA also didn't have a network layer).

The market went TCP/IP ... and government agencies went with the
market (government in the 80s started increasingly going COTS, which
was whatever the market was doing).

trivia: there was joke about ISO & OSI compared to IETF &
TCP/IP.  IETF required at least two interoperable implementations
before progressing in the standards process ... while ISO didn't even
require a specification to be implementable to be made a standard. In
some sense I was part of TCP/IP forces that couldn't see how OSI could
ever prevale, regardless of the Federal mandates. I had IBM equipment
in booth at Interop 88 (but not in the IBM booth).

Interop 88 posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
Date: 03 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#116 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism

Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/

pg57/loc779-81:

The newspaper articles about the three transactions I had read in
preparation for this meeting painted a picture that seemed consistent
with their pre-BSC reputation. Which is to say that four years after
becoming a bank, Goldman seemed to not have done much beyond promising
to change.

... snip ...

After the take-over of CITI in the 90s, in violation of
Glass-Steagall, Greenspan gave them an exemption while they
lobbied congress to get it repealed ... which was eventually added to
the list of things in GLBA. Part of the outcome of the 30s Pecora
hearings into the '29 crash was FDIC insurance and Glass-Steagall.
Glass-Steagall required that FDIC insured institutions couldn't
participate (and/or use public money) for activities outside strict
FDIC regulatory practices.

The original rhetoric on the floor of congress about the purpose of
GLBA was that if you were already had a bank charter (i.e. FDIC
insured depository financial institution), you got to keep the
charter, but if you didn't already have a charter, you couldn't get
one, specifically calling out WalMart and Microsoft (i.e. keeping new
institutions from competing with FDIC insured institutions).

In the early part of the century there were comments about operational
practices at CITI, that career (FDIC insured, depository institution)
bankers were being replaced with other kinds of people that had
totally different operating practices (very similar to accounts in
"Nocompliant"). In the wake of the economic mess and the Federal
Reserve doing the real "bailout" behind the scenes, the FED gave out
banking charters to some of their friends (theoretically in violation
of GLBA), which theoretically required them to meet the operational
standards required by FDIC insured institution. "Noncompliant" talks
about similar problems at these institutions as described earlier
about CITI at the turn of the century.

There is some overlap with "We the Corporations: How American
Businesses Won Their Civil Rights"
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of
corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights
for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of
corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of
the people.

... snip ...

where corporate institutions were original restricted to only
operating in the public interest. Then there was lots of lobbying to
allow institutions that didn't operate in the public interest to be
also setup as corporations ... and then to be treated as "people" and
claim constitutional rights. This goes back to Jefferson/Hamilton
battles ... frequently portrayed as battles over size of government,
but frequently was about Jefferson opposing Federal government giving
private individuals and institutions special privileges without
requiring them to operate in the public interest.

Short History Of Corporations
https://newint.org/features/2002/07/05/history
Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/

loc5080-83:

Hamilton wanted the bank to be funded by federal deposits but run, in
part, for the benefit of private investors. Jefferson and Madison
objected. 29 They feared that the Hamiltonian program would enable
financial speculators to benefit from commercial transactions made
possible by government funds.

... snip ...

Trivia: Jan2009 (a decade after being asked to help try and prevent
the coming economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings
(30s Senate hearings into the '29 crash, resulting in Glass-Steagall,
FDIC-insurance, etc) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what
happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new
congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for
awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all
(references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying
capital hill, possibly only two honest members left in congress).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
Date: 03 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

One Giant Step for a Chess-Playing Machine
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/26/science/chess-artificial-intelligence.html

There are analogous stories about computer programmers that were
proficient in programming language (analogous to people that are
proficient in natural language, think, dream, breath that language)
... trying to explain things to people that thought only in some
natural language ... who when working on computer programs had to
constantly translate from some natural language (like English) into
programming instructions (they didn't actually think in a programming
language, so had completely different frames of reference when
performing programming tasks)

... and from a different frame of reference:

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Toyota reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#54 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#59 Deconstructing the "Warrior Caste:" The Beliefs and Backgrounds of Senior Military Elites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#93 The U.S. Military Believes People Have a Sixth Sense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#100 Why CEO pay structures harm companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#2 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#24 The Ultimate Guide to the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#8 How to become an 'elastic thinker' and problem solver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#82 Quality Efforts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#65 Why General Motors Is Cutting Over 14,000 Workers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fwd: It's Official: Open-Plan Offices Are Now the Dumbest Management Fad of All Time | Inc.com

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Fwd: It's Official: Open-Plan Offices Are Now the Dumbest Management Fad of All Time | Inc.com
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 3 Jan 2019 12:13:02 -0800

marktregan@GMAIL.COM (Mark Regan) writes:

For those of you who find yourselves in this type of working environment.
https://www.inc.com/geoffrey-james/its-official-open-plan-offices-are-now-dumbest-management-fad-of-all-time.html

long ago and far away ... from "Real Programmers Don't Eat Quiche":

Real Programmers never work 9 to 5.  If any Real Programmers are
around at 9 AM, it's because they were up all night.

so can concentrate and avoid interruptions from co-workers and phone
calls.

older trivia: as undergraduate, about a year after taking two semester
hr intro to fortran/computers, I was hired fulltime to be responsible
for univ. academic and administration os/360 systems. The univ. shutdown
the datacenter from 8am sat. to 8am monday ... and I had the whole
datacenter dedicated to myself ... although 48hrs w/o sleep could make
monday morning classes a little hard.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

10 Years With Tux

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 10 Years With Tux
Date: 03 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

10 Years With Tux (March 2010)
http://ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/trends/linux/10_years_with_tux/

Highlights of the Linux on System z Timeline

A decade after it was first ported to the IBM mainframe environment,
businesses are still adpoting Linux* on System z* for their high I/O
and mission-critical workloads, and for good reason.

... snip ...

I have old SHARE trip report where IBM had said that the year after
LINUX was ported to mainframe (2001), LINUX accounted for 11% of total
mainframe MIPS shipped.

Recent observation is LINUX runs on 70% of all "real" computers
(i.e. significant percentage combined together in the hundreds of
thousands of systems that make up a cloud megadatacenter or a
supercomputer); another area LINUX dominates is smart devices and
embedded controllers ... typical car can have ten linux systems and
typical home may have 30 linux systems.

and similar to dominance of linux in the server and embedded markets,
Google Android (75% world cellphone market share) and (Chromebook)
Chrome/OS are linux under the covers

recent posts mentioning cloud megadatacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#6 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#40 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#48 360 announce day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#57 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#9 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#89 z14 and zBX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#30 Converting programs to accommodate 8-character userids and prefixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#36 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#24 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#27 The Medici Effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#96 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#14 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#21 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#111 Online Timsharing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Network names

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Network names
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Jan 2019 14:32:32 -0800

smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:

I would have loved to see an enhanced SNA with internetworking and
DNS, but when CCITT refused to look at it, that wasn't an option.

If the major TCP-based protocols at least switched to SCTP, that would
be an improvement.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#3 Network Names

late 80s, I was on XTP technical advisory board ... that IBM
communication group found hard to block.

XTP has high-speed option for TCP/IP. Supported internetworking and
reliable delivery in minimum of 3-packet exchange (compared to TCP that
requires minimum 7-packet exchange for reliable transmission and the
earlier stanford VMTP that required minimum 5-packet exchange for
reliable transmission).

We had been doing rate-bassed pacing inside the HSDT effort (T1 & faster
speed links, both satellite and terrestrial) for several years ... and I
wrote the draft for rate-based in XTP. There was lots of XTP multi-cast
reliable work by various DOD organizations (went into navy's SAFENET).  Also
cleaned up some other stuff in TCP flow that was serialized ... so it
could be pipelined. Much of this was influenced from SGI and Greg
Chesson from SGI's pipelined graphics engines.

SCTP, XTP and TCP as transport protocols for high performance computing
on multi-cluster grid environments
https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2127989
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-12659-8_17
Xpress Transport Protocol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xpress_Transport_Protocol
SAFENET II-THE NAVY'S FDDI-BASED COMPUTER NETWORK STANDARD
(although it mentions the dreaded "OSI" word)
https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a230482.pdf
XTP
http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~acw/netx/xtp_long.html

The Xpress Transport Protocol (XTP) has been designed to support a
variety of applications ranging from real-time embedded systems to
multimedia distribution to applications distributed over a wide area
network. In a single protocol it provides all the classic functionality
of TCP, UDP, and TP4, plus new services such as transport multicast,
multicast group management, transport layer priorities, traffic
descriptions for quality-of service negotiation, rate and burst control,
and selectable error and flow control mechanisms.

... snip ...

in some sense, SCTP is a later subset of some of the XTP features
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCTP
SCTP Oct2000.
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2960

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
XTP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtphsp
rate-based pacing draft for XTP (1989)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/xtprate.html

we were also doing some slight of hand with selective resend. There was
work with Berkeley Reed-Solomon company (that did a lot of the work for
CDROM standard, they were then bought by Kodak) on high-speed 15/16-rate
Reed-Solomon ... and selective resend (if couldn't be corrected by
RS-FEC) would transmit the 1/2-rate Viturbi (rather than original data,
could reasonably recover even if both packets had unrecoverable errors
with RS-FEC) ... and if things really got noisy, dynamically switch to
1/2-rate Virturbi (within 15/16-rate Reed-solomon).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viterbi_decoder
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed%E2%80%93Solomon_error_correction

Reed-Solomon codes are a group of error-correcting codes that were
introduced by Irving S. Reed and Gustave Solomon in 1960.[1] They have
many applications, the most prominent of which include consumer
technologies such as CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, QR Codes, data
transmission technologies such as DSL and WiMAX, broadcast systems such
as satellite communications, DVB and ATSC, and storage systems such as
RAID 6.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Balanced Federal Budget

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Balanced Federal Budget
Date: 05 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

recent related post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

PAYGO
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO
spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all
federal debt, allowed to lapse 2002.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAYGO#Statutory_PAYGO_(1990%E2%80%932002)
2010, CBO report that 2003-2009, spending was increased by $6T and tax
revenue cut by $6T ... for $12T gap compared to PAYGO (1st time taxes
were cut to not pay for two wars). By 2005, US Comptroller General was
including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of of middle
school arithmetic (for how badly the were savaging the budget). Sort
of confluence of Federal Reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal
debt, special interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and
military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase.

Note that SECTREAS had convinced congress to pass TARP for buying
offbook toxic assets, bailing out the the Too Big To Fail.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program
But with only $700B appropriated it could hardly dent the problem with
jus the four largest TBTF holding $5.2T offbook toxic assets
ye2008. TARP was used for other stuff and Federal Reserve did the real
bailout,
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and tens of
trillions in ZIRP funds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

The Federal Reserve fought long legal battle to prevent what they were
doing being made public. When they lost, the FED chairman held a press
conference and said that he had expected that the TBTF would use ZIRP
funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't he had no way to force
them (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note the FED chairman had
been partially selected as a depression era scholar. However, the FED
had tried something similar then with the same results, so the chairman
shouldn't have expected anything different this time. Note that
FED/TBTF deal with ZIRP funds doesn't work without
enormous trillions in bloated federal debt.

Note that paying credit rating agencies for triple-A rating on
securitized mortgages (when the rating agencies knew they weren't
worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony), eliminated any
reason to care about borrowers' qualification and/or loan quality. The
only concern was how fast they can close the deal for the largest
amount possible, since the triple-A allowed them to sell everything
off into the bond market (including to operations restricted to only
dealing in "safe" investments, like large institutional pension funds,
large part of doing over $27T 2001-2008). Then they found that they
could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell
into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would
fail. End of 2008, the largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG
and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS
steps in and has AIG sign a document that they can't sue those making
the CDS gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face
value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest
recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by
SECTREAS.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail ("Too Big To Prosecute", "Too Big To Jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
fiscal responsibility posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Employees Come First

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Employees Come First
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance
is Bogus; One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular
press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a
fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value."
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html
from above:

If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of
corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a
stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of
things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And
there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty
of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific
obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those
responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in
particular.

... snip ...

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in
America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

aka ... all the money going into propping up stock price and cutting
future investment. As Stockman goes into great detail, this is
becoming increasingly coming among top executives totally focused on
making their bonuses (before they retire and get out). Since then
there has been a lot more IBM stock buybacks.

for other drift: The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets (Mandelbrot & Hudson)
https://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO
although
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
from above:

Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM
decided to end pure research

... snip ...

Mendelbrot description of period from 60s through the last decade was
continuing to use same computations even when they are repeatedly
shown to be wrong. Some of Mendelbrot's references are similar to this
(by nobel prize winner in economics) Thinking Fast and Slow
https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA
pg212/loc3854-60:

"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a
larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an
illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many
people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

another area is manipulating pension plans ... some of the IBM
specific excerpts
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
from this book
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/

The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our
Future
https://www.amazon.com/Price-Inequality-Divided-Society-Endangers-ebook/dp/B007MKCQ30/
pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards.

... snip ...

Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
https://www.amazon.com/Freefall-America-Markets-Sinking-Economy-ebook/dp/B0035YDM9E/
pg271/loc5101-4:

Standard economic theory (the neoclassical model discussed earlier in
this chapter) has had little to say about innovation, even though most
of the increases in U.S. standards of living in the past hundred years
have come from technical progress.56 As I noted earlier, just as
"information" was outside the old models, so too was innovation.

... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

posts mentioning Mandelbrot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#67 China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#4 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#71 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#3 The Decline and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#71 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#16 Ancient History (OS's) - was : IBM Destination z
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#63 The 17 equations that changed the course of history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#84 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#94 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

recent posts mentioning "retirement heist":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#3 Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#17 NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#29 Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#40 Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#67 Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#83 Elizabeth Warren Slams Democrats for Helping Gut Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#112 How China Pushes the Limits on Military Technology Transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#21 Bankers Hate the Volcker Rule. Now, It Could Be Watered Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#17 Pentagon to outsource all strategy to Booz Allen Hamilton (warning satire?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#68 Before Snowden, an NSA Spy Tried to Incite Change From the Inside
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#112 The Post-IBM World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short millions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

When 'Trashing Our Allies' Was All the Rage; The same neocons who gush
about alliances today were telling anyone not on board with the Iraq
invasion to 'go to hell.'
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/remembering-when-trashing-our-allies-was-all-the-rage/

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis
that claims huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military
spending increase.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Employees Come First

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Employees Come First
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#10 Employees Come First

One of my hobbies after joining IBM was building & supporting enhanced
operating systems for internal datacenters (including world-wide
online sales&marketing support HONE system, which was long time
customer). After being blamed for online computer conferencing in the
late 70s and early 80s on the internal network (folklore is that when
the corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to
fire me), there was lots of increasing pressure on places like HONE to
move off my systems, first getting hit with did they have MOUs with my
management for my supporting the systems. Then they started getting
hit with questions about things like what they would do if I was hit
by a bus. There was no more focus on quality but reducing employees to
interchangeable parts and the lowest common denominator.

online computer communication posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

Later we were doing HA/CMP cluster scaleup, working with RDBMS vendors
on commercial and national labs on technical/scientific ... reference
to meeting on commercial scaleup JAN1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred,
announced as IBM supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY* and we
were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four
processors. We leave IBM a few months later. Some other detail in this
post/thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his
briefings at IBM. Part of the briefing was that former military
officers were starting to contaminate US companies with their rigid,
top-down, command&control (only those at the very top know what they
are doing). However, this was also about the time that articles were
starting to appear about how MBAs were destroying US corporations with
the myopic focus on short term results.

When he was instructor at Nellis, he was considered possibly best
fighter pilot in the world. By the time he passes, he was pretty much
disowned by USAF and it was the Marines at Arlington (and all his
effects went to Quantico). So it was somewhat surprise that USAF would
dedicate "Boyd Hall" at Nellis (after he passes) ... from dedication:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question.

... snip ...

Boyd ref from 2013: 40 Years of the 'Fighter Mafia'; An informal group
begun by Col. John Boyd and mathematician Tom Christie calls for
military reform--by doing more with less. ... F15, F16, F18, A10
.... plus some of the follow on discussion. Most recent we went back
for Dec2017 with some people back from Afghanistan
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/

and IBM downhill slide Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM
World", Time Books .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st
half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts
were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is
credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold (Boyd
philosophy about "To be or to do" overlapped Watson "free and vigorous
debate"):

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with *sycophancy* and *make
no waves* under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM
lived in the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
Date: 06 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

China's African debt-trap: Beijing prepares to seize Kenya's port of
Mombasa
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2018/12/china-prepares-to-seize-kenyas.html
China's African debt-trap: Beijing prepares to seize Kenya's port of
Mombasa
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3605624
Debt-trap diplomacy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debt-trap_diplomacy
China's debt traps around the world are a trademark of its imperialist
ambitions
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/global-opinions/wp/2018/08/27/chinas-debt-traps-around-the-world-are-a-trademark-of-its-imperialist-ambitions/

US version that started with "War Is a Racket" and "Economic Hitman"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
also references Butler's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "perpetual war" (for the military-industrial complex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

US version, more
https://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266
pg89/loc1598-1601:

I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy,
its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would
never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon
the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973
CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador
Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire
was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but
did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.

pg217/loc3378-80:

However, by the late 1980s it was apparent that Saddam was not buying
into the EHM scenario. This was a major frustration and a great
embarrassment to the first Bush administration. Like Panama, Iraq
contributed to George H. W. Bush's wimp image. As Bush searched for a
way out, Saddam played into his hands.

... snip ...

EHM story is to convince countries to start massive infrastructure
projects predicting benefits far in excess of possible. Country gets
loans to pay for projects and companies skim massive profits. Country
can't keep up with payments. US gov goes in and helps them restructure
payments in return for special considerations.

and then last decade did it to their own country: Confidence Men: Wall
Street, Washington, and the Education of a President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about
new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et
al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him
elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most
of those institutions.
https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=140594464

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

posts mentioning EHM, Economic Hit Man
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT:  Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#3 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PDP11 and subsequent influences

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PDP11 and subsequent influences
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 06 Jan 2019 23:51:42 -0800

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Well, a case could be made that the IBM 704 heavily influenced a *lot* of the
other computers that were made and sold after it - the PDP-4/7/9/15, the
PDP-5/8, the Honeywell 516, the Hewlett-Packard 2114, and various 24-bit
machines.

The PDP-11, of course, got to be the way it was because _it_ was influenced by
the IBM System/360.

But it is indeed true that, while they also deviated from it in various ways,
nearly every microprocessor owed something to the PDP-11 - and some of them even
noted this fact in their advertising (such as the 6502).

interdata/3 ... 1967
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata

Interdata, Inc., was a computer company, founded in 1966 by a former
Electronics Associates engineer, Daniel Sinnott, and was based in
Oceanport, New Jersey. The company produced a line of 16- and 32-bit
minicomputers that were loosely based on the IBM 360 architecture but at
a cheaper price.[1] In 1974, it produced one of the first 32-bit
minicomputers,[2] the Interdata 7/32. The company then used the parallel
processing approach, where multiple tasks were performed at the same
time, making real-time computing a reality.[3]

... snip ...

interdata 7/32 & 8/32
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata_7/32_and_8/32

The Model 7/32 and Model 8/32 were 32-bit minicomputers introduced by
Perkin-Elmer after they acquired Interdata, Inc., in 1973. Interdata
computers are primarily remembered for being the first 32-bit
minicomputers. The 8/32 was a more powerful machine than the 7/32, with
the notable feature of allowing user-programmable microcode to be
employed.

... snip ...

operating systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata_7/32_and_8/32#Operating_systems

Unix was ported to the platform in 1977 by two groups, working
independently; to the 7/32 at Wollongong University,[3] and to the 8/32
at Bell Labs, making the 32-bit Interdata machines the first non-PDP
computers to run Unix. (See V6 Unix, portability).[4] Bell chose the
8/32 for their port because it was as different from the DEC PDP-11 as
possible.[5]

... snip ...

PerkinElmer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PerkinElmer
PE Computer Systems Division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PerkinElmer#Computer_Systems_Division

Perkin-Elmer was involved in computer manufacture for a time. The
Perkin-Elmer Computer Systems Division was formed through the purchase
of Interdata, Inc., an independent computer manufacturer, in 1973-74 for
some $63 million.[3][4] This merger made Perkin-Elmer's annual sales
rise to over $200 million.[4] This was also known as Perkin-Elmer's Data
Systems Group.[5]

The 32-bit computers were very similar to an IBM System/370, but ran the
OS/32MT operating system.

The Wollongong Group provided the commercial version of the Unix port to
the Interdata 7/32 hardware, known as Edition 7 Unix. The port was
originally done by the University of Wollongong in New South Wales,
Australia, and was the first UNIX port to hardware other than the
Digital Equipment Corporation PDP family. By 1982 the Wollongong Group
Edition 7 Unix and Programmer's Workbench (PWB) were available on models
such as the Perkin-Elmer 3210 and 3240 minicomputers.

In 1985, the computing division of Perkin-Elmer was spun off as
Concurrent Computer Corporation.[6

... snip ...

I had taken 2hr (semester) fortan (709/ibsys) intro to computer class
and then was hired for student programming job to reimplement 1401 MPIO
on 360/30 (part of transition replacing 709/1401 with 360/67 for
tss/360).  Got to design/implement my own monitor, device drivers, error
recovery, dispatcher, storage management, etc). TSS/360 never quite made
it to fruition and 360/67 ran as 360/65 most of the time with os/360 and
within year of my computer intro class, i was hired fulltime to be
responsible for academic and administration systems. Last weekend
Jan1968 (50yrs ago), three people from ibm cambridge science center came
out to univ to install CP67/CMS (3rd site after cambridge and mit
lincoln labs) and playing with CP67 (on weekends when datacenter
shutdown, and I had the place all to myself for 48hrs, os/360
maintenance, playing with cp67, etc, made monday morning classes a
little hard, 48hrs w/o sleep).

During spring and summer of 1968 I rewrote lots of CP67. One of the
things was CP67 had 2741 & 1052 terminal support (doing automatic
terminal type identification, using terminal controllerr SAD ccw to
switch terminal type port scanner). Univ. had some number of TTY/ASCII
terminals and I also had to add ASCII support to CP67. I then wanted to
have single dial-up number for all terminals ... hunt group
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_hunting

however, while IBM terminal controller supported SAD ccw to change port
scanner type, it had hard wire terminal line speed (2741 & 1052 were
same speed, TTYs were different). somewhat as a result, univ. started
clone controller project ... built channel interface board for
Interdata/3 minicomputer programmed to emulate IBM controller (but do
both dynamic speed and terminal type). Interdata then started selling it
as mainframe controller and four of us get written up as responsible for
(some part of) IBM clone controller business. Then PE buys Interdata.  I
ran into one of the boxes around the turn of the century handling
majority of the dialup card swipe, point-of-sale terminals on the east
coast.

360 clone controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TARP Funds and Noncompliant

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: TARP Funds and Noncompliant
Date: 09 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

TARP Funds and Noncompliant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

TARP Funds
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program

Noncompliant
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/
pg274/loc3351-53:

revealed Goldman's conflicts of interest during the 2008 financial
crisis. 10 Jerry and then New York Fed president Timothy Geithner
were, according to the Times, "close, speaking frequently and
sometimes lunching together at Goldman headquarters."

pg248/3354-56:

What the articles only hinted at but my colleagues filled in was that
during the 2008 crisis, Jerry used his clout over Tim Geithner, then
president of the New York Fed, to get Goldman employees access to
AIG's books under the pretense that Goldman was going to lend AIG
money to help them stay afloat.

pg248/loc3356-57:

What was actually happening was that AIG owed Goldman so much money
that if they failed to pay Goldman what it owed, the bank would go
bankrupt.

... snip ...

from a slightly different view: #2 on times list for those responsible
for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
Now better known for GLBA which included repeal of Glass-Steagall,
however he is on the list for legislation blocking regulation of
derivatives (CDS gambling bets), originally described as favor for
ENRON. The chair of CFTC suggested regulating derivatives, who was
then quickly replaced by #2's wife, while he got legislation blocking
any regulation. The wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and audit
committee.

Note that paying credit rating agencies for triple-A rating on
securitized mortgages (when the rating agencies knew they weren't
worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony), eliminated any
reason to care about borrowers' qualification and/or loan quality. The
only concern was how fast they can close the deal for the largest
amount possible, since the triple-A allowed them to sell everything
off into the bond market (including to operations restricted to only
dealing in "safe" investments, like pension funds, large part of doing
over $27T 2001-2008).

Then they found that they could design securitized mortgages to fail,
pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling
bets that they would fail (now they cared about borrowers'
qualifications, but not in the traditional way). End of 2008, the
largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay
off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS steps in and has AIG sign a
document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and
take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of
TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was
the firm formally headed by SECTREAS. The SECTREAS had pressured
congress into passing TARP funding, supposedly for buying off-book
toxic assets. However, with only $700B appropriated, it wouldn't have
solved the problem (just the four largest too big to fail were
carrying $5.2T off-book assets YE2008). The SECTREAS used TARP funds
(primarily AIG on behalf of the company he formally headed) and it was
the Federal Reserve that did the real bailout behind the scenes.

Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a
President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the *EHM
debt strategy* against the American public. Other references were
about new president having to choose between the economic A-team
(Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting
him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the
too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down
most of those institutions (choose B-team, including former president
of NY Fed as the new SECTREAS).

recent EHM post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#19 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version

Whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail ("Too Big To Prosecute", "Too Big To Jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
Date: 12 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#102 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Com First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#12 Employees Com First

other trivia: the commercial side of HA/CMP had been constant battle
with rest of the Austin organization ... constantly claiming there was
no business ... even though we were working on cluster scaleup for
both technical/scientific (with national labs) and commercial (with
RDBMS vendors) .... early on we had change project name from HA/6000
to HA/CMP to reflect the cluster scaleup work ... and then cluster
scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for
technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we were told that we couldn't work
on anything with more than four processors ... we then leave IBM a few
months later (taking early out with bridge to 30)

1995 (three years after we left), the HA/CMP product administrator
tells us that HA/CMP revenue exceeded over half of IBM Austin revenue
(HA/CMP software only, doesn't include any revenue for the hardware)
... despite being knee-capped with transfer of cluster scaleup. The
nay sayers were then busily rewriting history (names redacted to
protect the guilty).

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dancing Elephant

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dancing Elephant
Date: 12 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

older threads on Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#58 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#51 A View From Beneath the Dancing Elephant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#62 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?

A View from Beneath the Dancing Elephant
https://www.amazon.com/View-Beneath-Dancing-Elephant-Rediscovering-ebook/dp/B00KPKX7W8/

AMEX & KKR were in competition for PE, LBO take-over of RJR and KKR
won. KKR then ran into problems and hired away president of AMEX to
help turn it around. Then IBM ran into problems and was in the process
of being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Blues" in preparation for
breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former
president of AMEX to help turn it around and reverses the breakup
... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Former AMEX president then leaves IBM to head up another major
private-equity company, that was buying up beltway bandits (including
company that will employ Snowden) and gov. contractors ... hiring
prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource business to their
companies. Companies in the PE-mills are under intense pressure to cut
corners to push profit up to their owners (PE can borrow 100% to buy a
company, but then put the debt on the purchased company, which is then
under enormous debt load, over half corporate defaults are companies
currently or formally in the PE mill; what is funny is that the
defaults never affect the credit rating of the original PE borrowers).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues
of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has
boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of
State James Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget
and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and the rapidly spreading success of failure culture, companies in
PE-mills get a lot more money from a series of failures (analogous to
military-industrial complex perpetual wars)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

One of the opportunities is agencies are prohibited from lobbying
congress and companies can't use gov. contract money in lobbying
congress ... but apparently PE owners have no such restriction.

other trivia: in 1992, AMEX spun off a bunch of its financial
transaction outsourcing business (enormous, mostly IBM mainframe
datacenters) in the largest IPO up until that time as First Data.

PE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM assembler

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM assembler
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 12 Jan 2019 18:00:27 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

I didn't think the /360 POP was particularly ambiguous. They did add a
ton of instructions, a new channel subsystem, virtual memory and the
multiple address-space stuff.

from ibm-main post last year

z/Architecture Principles of Operation SA22-7832-11 Twelfth Edition (September, 2017)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr011.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr011.pdf
z/Architecture Principles of Operation SA22-7832-10 Eleventh Edition (March, 2015)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr010.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr010.pdf
z/Architecture Principles of Operation SA22-7832-09 Tenth Edition (September, 2012)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr009.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zr009.pdf

and

z/Architecture Reference Summary SA22-7871-09 Tenth Edition (September, 2017)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs009.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs009.pdf
z/Architecture Reference Summary SA22-7871-08 Ninth Edition (March, 2015)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs008.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs008.pdf
z/Architecture Reference Summary SA22-7871-07 Eighth Edition (September, 2012)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs007.pdf or http://publibfp.dhe.ibm.com/epubs/pdf/dz9zs007.pdf

just for the fun, I tried dz9zr012.pdf ... but didn't get anything

POP has all the instructions ... not just general application but lots
of system level and how they operate.

old reference to decision to transition all 370 to virtual
memory. base issue was MVT storage management was so bad, that typical
region sizes had to be four times more than was traditionally used
... as a result, a typical 370/165 system with 1mbyte real storage
only allowed four regions. Transition to virtual memory would allow
four times as many regions with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

initial OS/VS2 SVS ... was close to MVT running in 16mbyte virtual
machine under CP67. The biggest change was adding a little bit of
code to MVT to create 16mbyte virtual address space tables at startup
and a little bit of code to handle page fault and page I/O. The
biggest issue was channel programs were built by applications with
application space addresses ... and SVC0/EXCP had the same problem as
CP67 virtual machines ... the CCW virtual addresses had to be
converted to real addresses. Ludlow initially borrowed CP67's CCWTRANS
and cobbled it into the side fo SVC0/EXCP processing to create
"shadow" copies of the application channel programs but with real
addresses.

The transission from SVS to MVS involved giving every application
program its own 16mbyte virtual address space. However, OS/360
programming paradigm was extensively pointer passing API and as a
result kernel code had to have addressing to everything in the
application. As a result, 8mbyte image of the kernel code was mapped
into every 16mbyte virtual address space (leaving only 8mbyte for
application. The next issue was that subsystems were moved into their
own address space, but like the kernel code, needed access to
application space. To support that they defined the COMMON SEGMENT
AERA (CSA) that was used for API parameter list & return passing
... which was mapped into every application (and subsystem) address
space. The problem was that the space needed for parameter list &
return passing was proporational to the number of concurrent
applications and subsystems. By 3033 time-frame the COMMON SEGEMENT
had morphed into COMMON SPACE AREA (also CSA) ... typically 5-6mbytes
and threatening to increase to 8mbytes (leaving 0mbytes for
application use).

Another problem was that MVS I/O pathlength was huge and I/O redrive
idle latency was representing significant lost throughput (between the
time a previous I/O finishes and the time next queued I/O is started).

To address the COMMON SEGMENT AREA constraint they invented multiple
address space mode and to improve throughput, program call instruction
and return ... along with system hardware table that controlled
fiddling primary/secondary address space pointers for semi-privileged
subsystems ... move application space to secondary, load subsystem
space as primary ... allowing subsystem to access data in application
secondary space (and all address space swapping done w/o any kernel
execution). The problem was becoming so critical on 3033, a subset was
retrofitted to 3033 as "dual-address" space mode ... but still
required instruction path through kernel to flip all the address space
pointers.

To address the MVS device I/O idle redrive latency ... created
subchannel interface to do request queueing in the channel (possibly
implemented with external real-time processors) w/o putting MVS
processing in the critical path.

In much the same way that virtual memory was justified for all 370s
because huge (insolvable) problem with MVT system storage management
...  a lot of the later stuff was originally justified to address
other major MVS system issues.

Another issue was OS/360 paradigm needing CKD DASD with multi-track
search ... and inability to moved to fixed-block disks. Even though no
real CKD DASD has been manufactured for decades, the current OS/360
decedent still requires emulated CKD DASD on industry standard fixed
block disks. posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

Finally, in 1980, IBM STL lab was bursting at the seams and they were
moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with
dataprocessing service back to STL datacenter. They had tried remote
3270 terminals but found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get
con'ed into doing channel extender support .... allowing putting in
channel attached controllers at the remote site (primarily channel
attached 3270 controllers and can't see difference between local STL
and offsite bldg). Hardware vendor tries to get IBM approval to
release support to customers ... but there was group in POK playing
with some serial stuff that gets approval turned down (afraid if it
was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff
approved). channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, i get asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that
they've been playing with quickly becomes fibre channel standard
(including some stuff I had done in 1980). Then in 1990, the POK
people get their stuff released as ESCON with ES/9000 (when it is
already obsolete).

Then some of the POK channel engineers become involved in fibre
channel standard (FCS) and define a heavy weight protocol that
drastically cuts the native throughput ... which finally ships as
FICON. Most recently numbers I've seen published is peak I/O for z196
that got 2M IOPS using 104 FICONs (running over 104 fibre channel). At
the same time there was an FCS announced for E5-2600 blade claiming
over million (native) IOPS (two such fibre channel having higher
native throughput than 104 fibre channel running FICON
protocol). ficon posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM assembler over the ages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM assembler over the ages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 14 Jan 2019 14:33:05 -0800

John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:

Plenty, since it runs linux web servers.  The market for mainframes
has for decades been online applications that have to stay up No
Matter What.  That's why the z/Series has so much checking and
recovery stuff.

After Jim Gray left for Tandem, he did survey/study of availability and
failurs. old overview:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

and most failures had shifted to people mistakes and environment (power
outages, earthquakes, floods, etc) ... general purpose hardware had
gotten significantly more reliable. For high availability operation,
focus had changed to 1) no changes, static, for something that had
been running the same way for years and 2) geographically separated
servers.

In 1990s, there was billions of dollars spent on redoing high value
financial operations ... which went down in massive failures ... big
fallback to if it isn't broke don't fix it (where the application value
is significantly greater than the difference between z/Series and other
platforms).

About this time, we would periodically visit one of the largest
financial transfer operations and he claimed that the primary reason
he had 100% for a decade or more 1) automated operator (people not
making mistakes), 2) triple-redundant IMS hot-standby in two
geographically separated locations)

On IBM side, a couple years ago when IBM was still publishing numbers,
it had the mainframe division was 25% of revenue but 40% of the bottom
line profit ... almost all of it was software and services, very small
couple percent was actually mainframe system sales (being able to milk
those customers where the risk of changing something far outweighed
any savings from potential move to less expensive platforms).

when we were out marketing for our (IBM) HA/CMP product, I coined the
terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability (to
differentiate from disaster/recovery) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
and HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

triple-redundant IMS hot-standby posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#47 Sysplex Info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#56 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#40 windows time service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#11 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#99 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#75 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#4 Did a mainframe glitch trigger DBS Bank outage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#55 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#0 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#6 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#16 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#59 Why major financial institutions are growing their use of mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#19 Check out Massive Amazon cloud service outage disrupts sites

posts reference mainframe division (primarily software & services) 25%
of revenue but 40% of profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#25 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#24 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#90 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#20 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#56 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#33 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#4 upgrade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#98 Mainframe Use/History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#33 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
Date: 15 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2019/01/trump-cfpb-plans-obscene-change-to-payday-lender-rule.html

Kate Berry, the American Banker reporter that covers consumer
financial protection, has written another important article about the
continuing horror story of Trump's increasingly successful efforts to
pervert the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) into an agency
dedicated to harming consumers and protecting our Nation's most
predatory lenders.  Unfortunately, her January 14, 2019 article is
behind a paywall.

... snip ...

Trump CFPB Plans Obscene Change to Payday Lender Rule
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/01/bill-black-trump-cfpb-plans-obscene-change-payday-lender-rule.html

some background; Black was regulator that went after Keating (and
others, aka "Keating Five") in the S&L crises
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

The former Director of the Institute for Fraud Prevention now teaches
Economics and Law at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. During
the savings and loan crisis, it was Black who accused then-house
speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John
McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for
contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the
wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating --
after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent
a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.'
Metaphorically, of course. Of course.[5]

wrote a book on the S&L crises, The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to
Own One:
https://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

other trivia: ... VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no
knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crisis. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime)

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some posts mentioning payday lenders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#19 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 Too big to fail was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#37 New phone scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Financial Engineering

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Financial Engineering
Date: 15 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970
to the Present
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/

pg187/loc3667-70:

When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable
company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder
value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in
America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement,
though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent
the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than
innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true
staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:

In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in
revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year
generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better
managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had
built-in scale—meaning large size—due to GE's assets size and triple-A
credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank,
financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other
consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed
securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had
grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the
number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's
profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:

In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big
business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE,
understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as
rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication
of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.

... snip ...

basically the new corporate mantra was financial engineering ... more
financial engineering

pg199/loc3919-25:

Over his tenure, he cut back significantly on research and
development--by some 20 percent in the 1990s. In 1993, he told
BusinessWeek, "We feel that we can grow within a business, but we are
not interested in incubating new businesses." GE Capital itself was
built through countless acquisitions. As the CNNMoney writers put it,
"Consider first what the company really is. Its strength and curse is
that it looks a lot like the economy. Over the decades GE's well-known
manufacturing businesses--jet engines, locomotives, appliances, light
bulbs--have shrunk as a proportion of the total. Like America, GE has
long been mainly in the business of services. The most important and
profitable services it offers are financial."

pg200/pg3935-41:

He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the
reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not
put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy
possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the
new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.

... snip ...

and IBM financial engineering

The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

aka ... all the money going into propping up stock price and cutting
future investment. As Stockman goes into great detail, this is
becoming increasingly coming among top executives totally focused on
making their bonuses (before they retire and get out). Since then
there has been a lot more IBM stock buybacks.

for other drift: The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets (Mandelbrot & Hudson)
https://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO
note, Mandelbrot had resigned from IBM in 1987, protesting end to pure research
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
Date: 15 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US
military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/7xy5ky/the-american-military-sucks-at-cybersecurity

latest in long list of such reports

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/lets-face-it-its-the-cyber-era-and-were-cyber-dumb-30a00a8d29ad
'Hack the Air Force' bug hunting challenge uncovers 120 flaws in
websites and services
https://www.zdnet.com/article/hack-the-air-force-bug-hunting-challenge-uncovers-120-flaws-in-websites-and-services/
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
NSA Details Chinese Cyber Theft of F-35, Military Secrets
http://freebeacon.com/national-security/nsa-details-chinese-cyber-theft-of-f-35-military-secrets/
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyber espionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-12-15/us-navy-contractors-hacked-china-more-handful-times
FBI: Chinese hacker accessed gold mine of data on F-22, F-35 and 32 U.S. military projects
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/16/fbi-chinese-hacker-accessed-gold-mine-data-f-22-f-/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

a few past cyberdumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Deep Dive Inside The Market's Toxic "Liquidity-Volatility-Flows" Feedback Loop

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Deep Dive Inside The Market's Toxic "Liquidity-Volatility-Flows" Feedback Loop
Date: 16 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

A Deep Dive Inside The Market's Toxic "Liquidity-Volatility-Flows"
Feedback Loop
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-01-16/deep-dive-inside-markets-toxic-liquidity-volatility-flows-feedback-loop

Note a lot of traders make money from volitility ... pump&dump on the
way up and short on the way down. Stable, long&term hold drastically
cuts into their revenue. decade old reference about they all do it and
have nothing to worry about from regulators
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Griftopia--Bubble Machines, Vampire Squids, and the Long
https://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America-ebook/dp/B003F3FJS2/

CFTC had rule that any player had to have significant position because
speculators caused wild, irrational price swings. Then 19 secret
letters went out allowing specific speculators to play ... resulting
in wild, irrational price swings ... including the huge spike in
oil/gas the summer of 2008. Two years later, member of congress
released the transaction details showing those responsible ... for
whatever reason, those responsible weren't demonized in the press
... instead the press demonized the member of congress for violating
corporate privacy.

some of the same players showed up here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia
regulator "capture" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

some "Cramer reveals a bit too much" refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#18 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#23 It A "Liquidity Mirage": New York Fed Finally Grasps How Broken The Market Is Due To HFTs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#29 Ernst & Young Confronts Madoff's Specter in Trial Over Audits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#68 Eric Hunsader Explains To CNBC That "Markets Are Always Rigged"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#22 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#26 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#17 Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#96 IBM Another Disappointment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#7 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#24 Systemic Risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#60 The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#105 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP
Date: 17 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP (GREAT STRATEGISTS)
https://warroom.armywarcollege.edu/special-series/great-strategists/boyd-OODA-loop-great-strategists/

simpler version from 1846, Elements of Military Art and Science Or,
Course Of Instruction In Strategy, Fortification, Tactics Of Battles,
&C.; Embracing The Duties Of Staff, Infantry, loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as
indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide,
and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

could claim transition "see" to "observe" and add "orientation" that
captures concepts like learning and acquiring knowledge &
understanding. In briefings Boyd would also stress observing from
every possible facet ... which can be considered countermeasure
to observation, orientation, and confirmation biases.

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Are we all now dinosaurs, out of place and out of time?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Are we all now dinosaurs, out of place and out of time?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:28:38 -0800

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

I was once handed a set of specs that were so detailed that I could
have probably written a compiler for them.  Unfortunately, there were
a number of cases they didn't allow for.  When I asked what I should
do in such cases, I was given the classic answer: "Oh, don't worry
about that - it'll never happen."  That phrase was already the #1
entry in my list of Famous Last Words, and I refused to continue
until I extracted answers from them.

I didn't hear the term "nasal demons" until years later.  Too bad...

back when doing electronic commerce, use to pontificate quite a bit that
it takes ten times the effort to take a well designed and implemented
application and turn it into a service ... dealing with all the failure
modes and edge conditions.

we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that
wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also
invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result
is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

They had done a straight forward webserver application that did
SSL/TCPIP over the internet talked to interface to the payment networks.
In some tests, they had early failure that was closed as NTF (no trouble
found) after 3hrs of extensive manual investigation.

The payment network trouble center (interfaces for merchant payment
transactions) had requirement for 5min elapsed time for first level
problem determination. I had to document, design & implement loads of
recovery and diagnostic capability (in part compensating procedures as
part of the switch from a circuit-based to packet-based infrastructure),
along with loads of countermeasures to internet-based attacks.

Until he passed, Postel (rfc/internet standards editor) use to let me
help with STD1 and sponsored my talk at ISI/USC about why internet
wasn't business critical dataprocessing.

posts mentioning "assurance"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

some specific posts mentioning ten times effort for service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#37 How the Classical Scholars dropped security from the canon of Computer Science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#48 If your CSO lacks an MBA, fire one of you
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#75 Test and Set (TS) vs Compare and Swap (CS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#91 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#11 Wanted: the SOUNDS of classic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#15 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#37 The BASIC Variations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#8 Mars Rover Not Responding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#48 Automating secure transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#20 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#23 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#63 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#40 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#26 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#20 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#37 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#51 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#10 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#76 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#77 PSI MIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#54 Industry Standard Time To Analyze A Line Of Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#50 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#53 Why Is Less Than 99.9% Uptime Acceptable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#33 Mainframe Project management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#20 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#35 Builders V. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#48 How much knowledge should a software architect have regarding software security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#0 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#16 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#60 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#67 Somewhat off-topic: comp-arch.net cloned, possibly hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#31 DRAM is the new Bulk Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#117 Are we programmed to stop at the 'first' right answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#18 progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#42 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where's the fire? | Computerworld Shark Tank

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Where's the fire? | Computerworld Shark Tank
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jan 2019 23:08:07 -0800

smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:

The 370/168 had UP models ranging from 1 MiB to 8 MiB. Double that for MP.

The Amdahl 470V/6 was available in 1 MiB through 8 MiB.

Maybe so, but Amdahl started shipping the 470V/6 in 1975 with 4 MB of
memory standard, and I'm pretty sure that the 370 model 168 also had 4
MB in that time frame. I'm pretty sure that either of those processors
would outperform a 360/75 by a considerable margin. According to
Wikipedia, the model 75 first shipped in 1965

370/165 had 2mic memory ... typically 1mbyte. It was part of
explanation/justification for making all 370s virtual memory ... i.e.
MVT real storage management was so bad that region sizes had to be four
times larger than actually used ... getting four concurrent regions on
typical 1mbyte memory machine. Going to virtual memory (very much like
running in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine) could get four times as many
regions with little or no paging ... on same 370/165 one mbyte machine.
Old reference about being asked to try and track down reason for the
decision to move to virtual memory for all 370s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

part of upgrade from 165 to 168 was moving to new memory technology
... about same access time as 370/145, around 400ns (but 165&168 also
had 80ns cache)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/370_Model_168

Newer technology than that of the 370/165, which had been introduced 2
years prior, used "monolithic, instead of magnetic core" memory,[5]
resulting in a system which was faster and physically smaller than a
Model 165.[5]:pp.3

... snip ...

168-1 to 168-3 doubled cache size from 16kbytes to 32kbytes. Had one
vm370/vs1 customer that upgraded from 168-1 to 168-3 (double cache) and
found it running much slower than 168-1. Issue was that 168-3 ran 2k
page option with only half the cache, and everytime (vm370) switched
between 4k pages and 2k pages, the cache was flushed (w/o all the cache
flushing, 2k pages would have run same as 168-1).

I had worked with some of the 165/168 engineers and they said that the
other difference was that they optimized the microcode reducing avg. of
2.1cycles per 370 instruction for 165 to 1.6cycles per instruction for
168.  168-3, optimized m'code, 400ns memory and 32kbyte cache was
3-3.5MIPS ... some 3times that of 360/75.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
Date: 18 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity

cyberdumb or just cutting corners to increase profits?

former AMEX president leaves as CEO of IBM to become head of large
private equity fund ... was specializing in buying government
contractors and beltway bandits (including one that will employ
Snowden). Agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use
gov. contract funds to lobby congress, but PE owners appear to be
under no such restrictions ... hiring prominent politicians to lobby
congress to outsource business to their companies. Companies in
PE-mill are under intense pressure to cut corners in order to service
heavy debt load and push profits up to their owners
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster."

... snip ...

enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade, intelligence: 70% of budget
and over half the people:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and significantly speeding up the spreading success of failure
culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of
failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

analogous to military-industrial complex "perpetual war" ... decisive
success/victories could significantly reduce budget
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
Date: 18 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq
https://www.wsj.com/articles/army-releases-a-critical-history-of-the-war-in-iraq-11547768863
Army's long-awaited Iraq war study finds Iran was the only winner in a
conflict that holds many lessons for future wars
https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2019/01/18/armys-long-awaited-iraq-war-study-finds-iran-was-the-only-winner-in-a-conflict-that-holds-many-lessons-for-future-wars/
The U.S. Army in the Iraq War - Volume 1: Invasion - Insurgency -
Civil War, 2003-2006
http://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1373

An expensive lesson in hubris for the United States
https://www-m.cnn.com/2019/01/17/opinions/expensive-lesson-in-hubris-for-the-united-states-bergen/

On Thursday the US Army War College published a monumental and
authoritative history of the Iraq War. One of its sober conclusions:
"An emboldened and expansionist Iran appears to be the only victor" of
the Iraq War

... snip ...

An early conjecture that Iraq learned from Desert Storm to minimize
targets for US Air Power (43days only last 100hrs was land war).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War
GAO air power effectiveness study has A10 so effectively destroying
Iraqi tanks that crews were walking away (sitting ducks). Later
accounts of ferocious tanks battles with coalition forces taking no
damage, doesn't mention if Iraqi tanks had anybody home.
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-13

also, last decade (before invasion), cousin of white house chief of
staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given
evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

Much earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis
greatly exaggerating Russian military capability, justifying huge US
military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody
(Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Unreadable code

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Unreadable code
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Jan 2019 13:59:35 -0800

0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:

Intriguing.  Seems to be specifying redirection.  Pointless for CMS or TSO
since the concept of standard input/standard output is alien to each.  Relevant,
of course, to OMVS, but OMVS was unable to exert much influence on the
design of z/OS Rexx.

I wonder how this made its way into the Standard since standards tend to
be descriptive and rarely innovate extensions except to resolve ambiguities
or inconsistencies.

modulo CMS pipelines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CMS_Pipelines

at least since 1982 (almost as old as REXX) ... I had author at spring
1982 adtech conference (week before share), archived reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a

later made available on MVS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BatchPipes
history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BatchPipes#History

BatchPipes Version 1 was developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s
simply as a technique to speed up MVS/ESA batch processing. In 1997 the
functionality of BatchPipes was integrated into a larger IBM product -
SmartBatch (which incorporated two BMC Corporation product features:
DataAccelerator and BatchAccelerator). However SmartBatch was
discontinued in April 2000.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DIA Chinese Military Power Report

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: DIA Chinese Military Power Report
Date: 18 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

New US Intelligence Study: China "Already Leads The World" In Key Weapons Technologies
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-01-16/new-us-intelligence-study-china-already-leads-world-key-weapons-technologies
DIA Chinese Military Power Report
https://news.usni.org/2019/01/15/dia-chinese-military-power-report

more perpetual war?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#27 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity
and/or another "Team B"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#28 Army Releases a Critical History of the War in Iraq

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
Team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

An Epidemic Is Killing Thousands Of Coal Miners. Regulators Could Have Stopped It

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: An Epidemic Is Killing Thousands Of Coal Miners. Regulators Could Have Stopped It.
Date: 19 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

An Epidemic Is Killing Thousands Of Coal Miners. Regulators Could Have
Stopped It.
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/an-epidemic-is-killing-thousands-of-coal-miners-regulators-could-have-stopped-it/

other posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#100 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#1 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#22 Trump to sign cyber security order

regulatory "capture" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cluster Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Cluster Systems
Date: 20 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

1980 I get con'ed into doing channel extender support STL, they were
moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with
dataprocessing back into STL datacenter. They had tried remote 3270,
but found the human factors totally unacceptable. Channel extender
support allowed putting channel attached 3270 controllers in the
offsite bldg with same human factors as internal STL. Vendor then
tries to get IBM to let them ship my support to customers. There is
group in POK vetos it, they are playing with serial stuff are were
afraid if it was in the market, it would make it harder for them to
ship their stuff.

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are
playing with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (FCS)
including some of my stuff from 1980. The POK people finally get their
stuff shipped in 1990 with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already
obsolete. Also around the same time, I'm asked to work with Gustavson
at SLAC on some serial stuff he is playing with which becomes scalable
coherent interface.

FCS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel
SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

I started out working on 128-way FCS as part of HA/CMP scaleup (or at
least until they transfer cluster scaleup, announce as supercomputer
for scientific/technical *ONLY*, and tell us we can't work on anything
with more than four processors, we leave a few months later) ... in
part because RIOS didn't support any cache consistency. After leaving
IBM, I do some SCI-related work with CONVEX for their 64 two HP/RISC
processor boards (128-way Examplar) ... and with Steve Chen, CTO at
Sequent (64 four Intel processor boards, 256-way NUMA-Q) ... this was
before IBM buys Sequent and shuts them down.

HA/CMP trivia: as part of doing HA/CMP, I'm asked to write a section
for the corporate strategic continuous availability document. However,
it gets pulled because both the Rochester AS/400 and the POK mainframe
groups complain that they can't meet the objectives.

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.coom/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Steve is credited with doing Cray YMP, before leaving Cray. Kingston
supercomputer group was also providing funding/support for SSI. IBM
SVP supporting the Kingston effort retired Oct1991 ... and various
audits followed, which included replacing Kingston group management
and announcing a corporate conference trolling the company for
supercomputer technology. A couple weeks after the conference, HA/CMP
cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for
technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on
anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave
IBM. We had been working with national labs on scientific/technical
scaleup and with RDBMS vendors on commercial scaleup (we had been
getting push back, including from the mainframe DB2 group).

Cray trivia: CPD had fought releasing mainframe TCP/IP support. They
eventually lost and then switched to since it was communication,
product had to ship as CPD product. What ships gets aggregate
44kbyte/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I do the
software enhancements to mainframe TCP/IP to support RFC1044 and in
some 1988 (same year YMP ships) at Cray research, I get sustained
channel speed throughput between 4341 and Cray ... using only modest
amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes
moved per instruction executed).

RFC 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Through much of 1980s, I also had HSDT project, T1 (1.5mbitt/sec) and
faster links. We had been working with NSF director and was suppose to
get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress
cuts the budget, some other things happen, and finally NSF releases
RFP (in part based on what we already had running). IBM prevents us
from bidding despite all the NSF efforts (director writes the company
a letter, copying the CEO, with support from other agencies, but that
just makes the internal politics worse). Some of the same people
involved in preventing us from bidding also were involved in
transferring HA/CMP scaleup.

NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

HSDT included T1 satellite link between Los Gatos VLSI lab and
Clementi's E&S lab in Kingston that had 20 high-end floating point
system boxes with connections to IBM mainframe (note FPS had support
for 40mbyte/sec disk arrays, while IBM crawled along at only
3mbyte/sec). I got the impression much of this time, Kingston
supercomputer group thought we were trampling on their domain.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floating_Point_Systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cluster Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Cluster Systems
Date: 20 Jan 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#32 Cluster Systems

Preliminary announce from 28Mar1986 ... partially included in this
recent post (with lots of other stuff, originally posted to facebook
online history group):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33
full preliminary announce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

The original RFP called for T1 links (we had been running T1 links for
a few years) ... but what was installed was rube goldberg of
440kbit/sec links ... and telco multiplexor that ran multiple 440kbit
links over T1 trunk (somewhat facade of meeting the requirements).

Part of ridiculing them was why didn't they call it a T5 network
... rather than just T1 network ... since at some point, the T1 trunks
were likely in turn multiplexed of some T5 network.

For the T3 "upgrade" I was asked to be the red team ... while lots of
people from several labs were the blue team (possibly thinking that
they would shut down my criticism). At final review, I was asked to
present first ... then 5mins into the "blue team" presentation, the
review executive pounded on the table and said that he would lay down
in front of a garbage truck before he allowed anything but the blue
team proposal to go forward (I get up and walk out). Old NSF related
email ... started in 83 with Berkeley 10M telescope that they wanted
to put at 14,000 in Hawaii
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
other HSDT related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hsdt

NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

In early/mid 80s, I also had precursor to HA/CMP cluster scaleup
where I wanted to put lots of Blue Iliad (1st 32bit 801/risc) chips
in racks (Blue Iliad was never finished. Old post with several email
about including being caught in schedule between presentation to NSF
director and meetings on (early) cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#50
with
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email830916
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850312
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850313
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850314

note the 12Mar1985 email references NSF giving $120M for San Diego
supercomputer center. Originally it was suppose to be for a Berkeley
supercomputer center ... however the UC regents master plan was for
the next new bldg at UCSD ... and so it was UCSD not UCB.

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

IBM100 trivia: one of the IBM100 was about "wild ducks" ... however it
was about customer "wild ducks" ... all evidence of employee "wild
ducks" had been eradicated.

a few wild duck posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#30 IBM Centennial Film: Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#1 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#45 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#93 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#105 5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#121 The Myth of Work-Life Balance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
Date: 06 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:

He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly
walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and
saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him
integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:

In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage
Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming
administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:

In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of
Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on
loyalty first and expertise second,"

pg191/loc3060-62:

Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies,
and not only in domestic matters. In important national security
concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort
of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could
be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence
applied.

... snip ...

Heritage Foundation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Heritage_Foundation
more recent candidate list
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump_Supreme_Court_candidates

Founders of the country and framers of the constitution felt strongly
that USA wasn't created as a "christian" country and there was a
strong separation of State and (any/all) Church.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Separation_of_church_and_state_in_the_United_States
Article Six of the United States Constitution also specifies that "no
religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office
or public Trust under the United States."

mandatory swearing oath on bible easily construed as religious test.

A lot of the current "christian" propaganda came from conference of
5,000 industrialist held at Waldorf-Astoria where they approved a
major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
(because of their very bad reputation for the depression and
supporting Nazi Germany). Eventually this results in adding "in god we
trust" to money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance. The theme
was augmented with the later "red menace" propaganda.
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
1957 "in god we trust" added to paper money
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_God_We_Trust

earlier, June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the same NYC
Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to
hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality
laws)
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/
loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild
Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The
company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about
violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate
scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports
in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English
Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood,"
other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more
business with Hitler.

... snip ...

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding German economy,
industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s.
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their
investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a
loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their
agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took
power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend
Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic
Bombing program needed locations of industrial and military targets in
Germany, they got the information from wallstreet.

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Myth of Capitalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Myth of Capitalism
Date: 07 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Myth of Capitalism
https://www.amazon.com/Myth-Capitalism-Monopolies-Death-Competition-ebook/dp/B07KRG46XS/
pg40/loc1442-45:

A recent paper by economists Justin Pierce of the Federal Reserve
Board of Governors and Bruce Blonigen of the University of Oregon
shows that mergers cause higher prices with little evidence of greater
productivity and efficiency. They also looked in great detail at
whether mergers increased efficiency through reductions in
administrative costs and greater asset productivity, but again find
little evidence for these grand claims.

... snip ...

I've periodically mention that around turn of century, I was asked to
review a periodic financial industry publication that gave avg (raw)
data on thousands of activities for the top 20 regional banks compared
to the top 10 national banks. After sorting through the data for some
time, I was able to show that the 20 regional banks were more
efficient than the top 10 national banks. The only justification for
larger banks (this was even before too big to fail had really kicked
in) was that top executives compenstation was proportional to size
(not performance) ... and unrelated to any benefits for the public
interest.

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public
interest, but then special interests wanted those rights extended to
entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights
under constitution.

Then the large financial institutions morphed into too big to fail
and nearly took down the economy. Later they were also found to be
dealing in all sorts of other illegal activity, manipulating markets,
LIBOR, foreign exchange, commodities, money laundering for drug
cartels and terrorists, facilitating tax evasion; etc. and also
garnered labelstoo big to prosecute and too big to jail.

too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too.big.to.fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

posts mentioning report comparing regional & national banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#52 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#16 Fake debate: The Senate will not vote on big banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#21 Fake debate: The Senate will not vote on big banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#43 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#67 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#39 Kabuki Theater 1603-1629
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#1 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#9 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#44 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#51 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#3 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#2 IBM Relevancy in the IT World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#63 LA Times commentary:  roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#55 Piketty Shreds Marginal Productivity as Neoclassical Justification for Supersized Pay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#63 The Fed Just Acknowledged Its Too Big To Jail Policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#31 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#28 Stop Romanticizing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#19 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#60 Excess Management Is Costing the U.S. $3 Trillion Per Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army
Date: 07 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army
https://www.amazon.com/Drillmaster-Valley-Forge-Steuben-American-ebook/dp/B001EWOFJU/

theme repeated several times, congress had no money, pg281/loc4350-52:

Disillusionment was rife in the now-defunct army, as many were
convinced that the furlough system was just a clever way of disposing
of the army without paying it. Washington, rather unfairly, took much
of the blame for the circumstances of the disbandment.

.... snip ...

Congress was faced with an enormous problem with the end of the war,
the treasury was bare and all the militias were now expected to be
paid (back pay owned was enormous and congress had no way of paying),
pg287/loc4455-59:

The main reason that the military security of the Swiss rested on
their militia was economic: "the Want of the necessary means to
maintain a Standing Army." America had even better grounds for such a
military system. Switzerland was small and compact; America was
expansive, with a long, vulnerable coast and a long, vulnerable
frontier. If the United States entrusted its national defense to a
standing army, that army would necessarily have to be very large
indeed to cover so much territory. "It is to our Militias that We must
find the real Strength which we are to oppose to that of Great
Britain."5

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Democracy in Chains

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Democracy in Chains
Date: 07 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Democracy in Chains
https://www.amazon.com/Democracy-Chains-History-Radical-Stealth-ebook/dp/B01EH1EL7A/
pg221/loc3679-82:

The budget director, it turned out, had failed to make clear to the
president and his political advisers—much less to the American
people—that the colossal Kemp-Roth tax cut, as it came to be known,
would necessitate tearing up the social contract on a scale never
attempted in a democracy. To this day, it is unclear how such a
consequential misunderstanding occurred.

pg221/loc3685-90:

"A true economic policy revolution" of the size Reagan and the right
had requested, David Stockman explained in the wake of its rout,
"meant risky and mortal political combat with all the mass
constituencies" who looked to Washington for help. They would have to
fight "Social Security recipients, veterans, farmers, educators, state
and local officials, [and] the housing industry," with its mass market
of middle-class buyers who relied on their mortgage tax
deductions. The president could rail all he wanted about "welfare
queens" and government "waste," but Social Security, veterans'
benefits, and Medicare "accounted for over half the domestic
budget"—and were dear to his followers.

pg222/loc3693-97:

"By 1982," Stockman reported, "I knew the Reagan Revolution was
impossible." It simply could not happen in "the world of democratic
fact." Indeed, once the public became aware of just how drastic a plan
the president's economic team intended—including immediate changes to
Social Security (as Stockman put it, "a frontal assault on the very
inner fortress of the American welfare state," a program "on which one
seventh of the nation's populace depended for its well-being")—the jig
was up.

pg222/loc3701-3:

What was not evident then but is now is that this moment became a
turning point in the Republican Party, the prod for a historic, albeit
unnoticed, three-way split. Stockman represented one wing, a lonely
one. He learned from this experience that the libertarian dream had
been a dangerous illusion.

pg222/loc3705-8:

The correct inference from the episode, Stockman concluded, was that
voters must be told the truth. To have all the things they wanted,
from clean air and water to retirement security (to say nothing of
military power), Americans needed "a moderate social democracy," and
to get this, they needed to pay higher taxes. It was that simple:
higher taxes could solve the problem, without permanent deficits or
economic disaster.

pg223/loc3709-10:

The Republican right's political leadership, however, looked on
Stockman as a turncoat. Its members followed the president and his
advisers on a second path, one that forsook the fact-based universe.

pg224/loc3727-31:

Social Security, as both Buchanan and Stockman had observed, was the
linchpin of the American welfare state. 32 The most popular New Deal
reform, its very success had made it a far-right target ever since its
creation, in 1935. Indeed, one of the radical right's indictments of
Dwight Eisenhower and moderate Republicans after him was that they had
accepted the legitimacy of Social Security.

pg224/loc3733-36:

Now, no doubt inspired by Chile's conversion to private pensions,
Charles Koch's Cato Institute turned to Buchanan to teach its staff
how to crab walk. Having relocated from San Francisco to Washington,
D.C., in late 1981 to achieve greater influence, Cato made the
privatization of Social Security its top priority. Buchanan labeled
the existing system a "Ponzi scheme," a framing that, as one critic
pointed out, implied that the program was "fundamentally
fraudulent"—indeed, "totally and fundamentally wrong."

... snip ...

Stockman (Reagan's budget director) takes credit for revamping social
security to take into account baby boomer's longer life ... however,
he wanted more money coming into the Trust Fund ... so they could
immediately borrow everything that came in and spend (w/o having to
say they increased taxes). Stockman also takes credit for starting to
tax benefits (double tax, contribution to trust fund is from after tax
wages ... and then the benefits taxed again when it is paid out)
... so they even have more to spend (continuing a facade that they
hadn't increased taxes, while at the same time having more money to
spend).

It was all working during peak baby boomer working years, more money
going into trust fund (to be immediately borrowed and spent) than
benefits being paid out (baby boomers accumulating principle in trust
fund for when they retire). But it flips when baby boomer retire
... baby boomer larger than previous generation and following
generation (not called baby boomers for nothing) ... they will have to
start drawing on the (borrowed&spent) principle. To pay back that
money that has been borrowed&spent from the SS Trust Fund ... will
require getting it from somebody else (like increasing taxes on the
following generation).

Politicians referring to SS as entitlements creates suspicion that
they are maneuvering to default on the debt to the SS Trust fund.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Security_Trust_Fund
Totally different is SSI which comes out of the general fund
https://www.ssa.gov/ssi/

There are recent articles about the economic mess is still affecting
large parts of the country ... and after other forms of assistance ran
out, doctors have been putting people on disability ... because there
wasn't anything else available.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent Stockman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#30 $16T National Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#54 Why the Pursuit of Shareholder Value Kills Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#69 How Private Equity Firms are Designed to Earn Big While Risking Little of Their Own
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#5 IBM's core business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#99 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#12 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#3 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#17 Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#48 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#97 IBM Another Disappointment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#22 OT:  book:  "Capital in the Twenty-First Century"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#37 Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#48 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#49 The 50 Largest Stashes of Cash Companies Keep Overseas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#51 Taxing Social Security Benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19 In Praise of Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#59 How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#104 Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#18 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#63 Major firms learning to adapt in fight against start-ups: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#39 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#10 Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#12 Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#118 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#44 The Great Depression II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering

recent Friedman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#25 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#0 Locking our own orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#89 Understanding decisions: The power of combining psychology and economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#96 Cognitive Bias Codex, 2016
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#42 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#73 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#45 "Subprime Is Contained" (& Other Evidence That "They Really Don't Know What They're Doing")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#60 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#70 Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#63 Sugar Industry Long Downplayed Potential Harms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
Date: 09 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

3033 reference
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/3033/3033_intro.html

During Future System project in the early 70s, internal politics were
shutting 370 efforts (the lack of new 370 products in this period is
credited with giving clone mainframe makers market foothold). When FS
imploded, there was mad rush to get products back in the 370 pipeline,
kicking off 303x and 3081 in parallel.

They took 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode (and
no 370 microcode) for the 303x external channel director. 3031 was 158
engine with just the 370 microcode and 2nd 158 engine with just the
integrated channel microcode. 3032 was 168-3 reworked to use the 303x
external channel director. 3033 was 168-3 logic mapped to 20% faster
chips with some other tweaks Some more on FS, 3033, & 3081.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

370/165 avg. 2.1 machine cycles per instruction. 370/168-1 had 4-5
times faster real memory and microcode optimized to 1.6 machine cycles
per instruction. 168-3 doubled cache size. 3033 further tweaked
microcode to approx. one machine cycle per instruction (throughput
increase wasn't linear because of major impact of cache misses),
getting 3033 to about 1.5 times 168-3 or around 4.5MIPS.

FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

3081 referece
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3081.html

3081D was two processor (dyadic), each processor supposedly 5mips, but
actually much slower. 3081K doubled cache size and supposedly
7mips/processor ... but more like 4.5-5mips (more like 3033).

I was involved in a project to do a 16-way 370 multiprocessor (16
processors) and we con'ed the 3033 processor engineers to work on it
in their spare time, lot more interesting that 168-3 logic
remap. Initially everybody thought it was really fantastic ... and
then somebody told the head of POK that it could be decades before the
POK favorite son operating system (MVS) had effective 16-way
support. Then some of us were invited to never visit POK again ... and
the 3033 processor engineers were instructed to stop being distracted
(mainframe doesn't ship 16-way configuration until 2000, over two
decades later).

3084 was two 3081s lashed together ... but it was difficult
effort. Standard 370 (two) multiprocessor is constantly getting
serialization signals/interrupts from the other processor ... and
cache synchronization protocols, caches were constantly getting
signals from other cache about what it was bringing into
cache. Because of all the (software & hardware) synchronization &
serialization overhead ... two-way frequently was only 1.2-1.3 times
the throughput of a single (uni-) processor system.

3084 was two 3081s tied together for a four processor system ... that
met every system was getting signals/interrupts from three other
systems and each cache was constantly getting signals from three other
caches ... aka a 3084 four-way had three times the multiprocessor
overhead of a two-way.

in original morph from cp67 to vm370, they eliminated and/or
simplified a bunch of stuff. Part of doing enhanced vm370 for HONE
after they consolidated in Palo Alto, they wanted to move from eight
single processor systems to eight two-processor systems ... and needed
VM370 with two-processor support. I did a modified VM370 release3 that
supported two processors with highly optimized serialization that
drastically minimized the multiprocessor overhead ... getting very
close to twice the throughtput of single processor system (the product
group didn't ship any multiprocessor support until release 4).

To do a 16-way required a lot of invention in handling cross-cache
serialization for all 16 machine (caches) ... as well as how the
interaction of the software across all 16 machines

3081 was originally going to be multiprocessor only ... however
ACP/TPF (airline control program, transaction processing facility) had
no multiprocessor support ... and they were afraid that the whole
ACP/TPF market would move to non-IBM clone systems (that continued to
offer newer single processor products). As counter they initially did
some horrible unnatural modifications to VM370 ... which ran
multiprocessor with ACP/TPF running in virtual machine. It slightly
improved ACP/TPF on multiprocessor but degraded VM370 throughput for
all other customers (there was an Amdahl t-shirt with large vulture on
the front with the words "VM/SP is waiting for you"). Eventually they
came out with 3083 (primarily for the ACP/TPF market) with one of the
(3081) processors removed. The easiest would have been simply to
remove the 2nd processor, which was in the middle of the box ... but
that would have made the box dangerously top heavy. They eventually
rewired the box so the 1st processor could be moved to the middle of
the box, leaving the top of the box empty.

In the wake of FS and the mad rush to get products back into the
pipeline, kicking off 3033, 3081, 370/xa .... the head of POK managed
to convince corporate to kill the vm370 product, shutdown the
burlington (mass) vm370 product group and transfer all the people to
POK to work on MVS/XA, or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on
time. Originally they weren't going to tell the group until just
before the shutdown/move, to minimize the number of people that might
escape. However, the information managed to leak allowing lots of
people to escape (many to DEC to the brand new VMS effort, joke was
the head of POK was one of the largest contributors to DEC
VAX/VMS). There was witch hunt to identify who leaked the information,
but fortunately for me, it was never divulged. Endicott eventually
managed to acquire the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute
a product group from scratch.

trivia: TYMSHARE started offerring its CMS-based online computer
conferencing facility free to SHARE in Aug1976 ... and the wake of the
Burlington shutdown, there were liberal comments in VMSHARE about code
quality during the period. VMSHARE archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

Other trivia: some of the former Burlington people did do a
rudimentary virtual machine tool designed for MVS/XA testing only and
was never intended to ship to customers. However, when customers
weren't migrating to MVS/XA as planned, they had releases of the tool
as VM/MA (migration aid) and VM/SF (system facility) allowing
customers to concurrently run MVS & MVS/XA on the same machine. Then
the POK group had a push for huge new development group to bring the
tool up to function and performance level of VM370. Endicott had a
counter which was a system support person in Rochester had added full
370/XA system support function to VM370. POK won with several hundred
people in new group in Kingston to bring tool
feature/function/performance up to VM370 level.

Not along the way, apparently as counter to clone makers, IBM started
adding a series of little tweaks to 3033 microcode (and continued with
3081) which were required by each new release of IBM operating
systems. Amdahl as counter to the constant little tweaks to the
architecture came up with MACROCODE ... being able to implement
architecture features in something that looked like 370 assembler
... rather than the much more difficult horizontal microcode. Amdahl
also eventually did "hypervisor" (a virtual machine subset directly as
part of the machine). It took IBM well into 3090 product to be able to
respond with PR/SM and LPAR (implementation was done in the
significantly more difficult native horizontal microcode).

I had done a lot of work on Endicott ECPS microcode assist and in
early 80s, gave several presentations on the implementation at the
monthly bay area IBM users group ... and after the meetings would get
further grilled about details ... mostly by Amdahl employees working
on hypervisor (this was before it was announced/shipped). Some old
details about original ECPS work ... Endicott said that 138/148 had
6kbytes of microcode space and was to select the 6kbytes of highest
executed VM370 pathlengths to drop into native microcode for a 10
times speedup (low & midrange 370s executed an avg. of ten native
instructions for every emulated 370 instruction) ... which turned out
to be 79.55% of VM370 kernel execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21
mcode posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#mcode

Note POK had looked at doing similar microcode for 3033, but it turned
out that since 3033 already was executing 370 at avg. of nearly one
machine cycle per 370 instruction ... there was no benefit and in
fact, several of the attempts, the microcode actually ran slower than
the original 370 (in part because of the overhead of switching back
and forth between 370 and microcode modes). They would do some of the
tweaks anyway ... trying to make it exclusive for running IBM system
software. It got worse for 3081, the limited space for microcode met
that SIE instruction required the microcode implementation to be
"paged" in&out the microcode execution area. old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email810210
related email 3033, 3081, 3084 numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email820917

trivia: After 3033 was out the door, the 3033 processor engineers
(that had done work with on 16-way 370) then started on Trout
(eventually 3090) ... in parallel with 3081. This is old email from
3090 processor engineer ... including about 3090 design ... including
3090 was designed for high performance virtual machine operation (as
compared to 3081 which originally assumed virtual machine was purely
internal for MVS/XA development).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#email860121

my wife was in the gburg JES group and catcher for ASP turning into
JES3 and co-author of JESUS (jes unified system, all the things that
neither customers could live w/o, never shipped). She then got con'ed
into moving to POK to be responsible for loosely-coupled architecture
... where she did peer-coupled shared data architecture. She didn't
last long, in part because of poor uptake (except for IMS hot-standby)
until much later with SYSPLEX & parallel SYSPLEX ... and constant
battles with communication group trying to force her into using
SNA/VTAM for loosely-coupled operation. Also they wouldn't accept her
upgrades to trotter/3088 ... kept as 8-way CTCA instead of much more
capable architecture.

peer-coupled shared data architecture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

Part of the issue was cluster of 4341s was much cheaper than 3033,
much faster, better price/performance, much less floor space, and much
less environmentals. Enhanced trotter/3088 could do cluster wide
operations in well under second elapsed time ... forced to use
standard trotter/3088 with sna/VTAM those same cluster operations were
taking over 30secs elapsed time. 4341 was so threatening to 3033 that
at one point, head of POK got corporate to cut allocation of critical
4341 manufacturing component in half.

I transferred from the science center at MIT to San Jose Research in
1977. They let me wander around a lot of silicon valley (IBM
locations, customer locations, other vendors). The disk engineering
(bldg14) and product test (bldg15) were running stand-alone testing on
lots of mainframe scheduled 7x24 around the clock. They had once tried
MVS for concurrent testing, but found it had 15min MTBF (requiring
manual re-ipl) in that environment. I offered to rewrite input/output
supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail so they could do any
amount of on-demand, concurrent testing, significantly improving
productivity.

Product test gets early engineering machines for i/o testing,
something like #3 (or #4) engineering 3033, engineering 4341,
etc. Since i/o testing required percent or two of cpu, we setup the
3033 for general online service with 3830 controller and two spare
strings of 3033 (16drives). Floating head design (air bearing
simulation) had been running on 370/195 over in SJR, but even with
"high-priority" was only getting a couple turn arounds a month. We set
them up on 3033 in bldg15 ... and while 3033 was little less than half
peak 370/195, they could still get several turn arounds a day.

One monday morning, I get a call and asked what did I do to 3033
service over the weekend (engineering and product test got in habit of
any time they had a problem of calling me to come over and figure out
mostly their problems). After several back&forths, it turned out
they had replaced the 3830 controller with 3880 controller. While 3880
had special data path for 3mbyte/sec transfer, everything else was
significantly slower than 3830 ... getting normal several concurrent
channel program activity on several 3330 drives concurrently
drastically slowed down 3880 processing. Fortunately this was still
6months before 3880 first customer ship ... and managed to come up
several fixes to help mitigate the slow 3880 processing.

posts getting to play disk engineering in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

The 3090 group had balanced design for system throughput based on
processing power and number of channels. When they found out how slow
the 3880 (including significantly increasing channel busy), they
realized that they had to significantly increase number of channels
... which required an additional TCM. There was joke that the 3090
group would charge off the increased 3090 manufacturing cost (for the
additional TCM) to the 3880 group. Marketing then respins the
significant increase in number of 3090 channels (compensating for
significant channel busy increase, required for meeting throughput
objectives) as 3090 was great I/O machine (based on the required
additional channels).

Jan1979, I also got con'ed into doing benchmarks on the engineering
4341 for national lab that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute
farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing
tsunami) ... I had more/better 4341 access than nearly everybody in
Endicott. POK started doing internal political dirty tricks over
Endicott 4341 ... customers were finding that cluster of 4341s was
significantly cheaper than 3033 with much more processing power, more
I/O througput, more memory, much smaller footprint and much less
environmentals. Internal in IBM computing demand was outstripping
datacenter space, so they started putting 4341s out in departmental
areas (one side-effect was departmental conference rooms were becoming
scarce).

Part of the DASD problem was CKD was trade-off from mid-60s days with
360 ... offload a bunch of mainframe processing requiring storage to
constantly rotating serial search channel programs (trading
processing/memory for channel I/O). By the mid-70s, the trade-off had
flipped, and it was channel I/O that was becoming constrained problem
(severely aggravated by CKD search convention). GPD started producing
fixed-block disks which were much more efficient in that environment,
but MVS was tightly tethered to its CKD search paradigm. I had offered
MVS FBA support, but was told even if I provided fully integrated and
tested FBA support, I still needed $26M incremental revenue business
case ($200M-$300M in additional sales) to cover documentation and
training ... and since GPD was already selling every disk it could
make, FBA support would just switch the same amount of CKD disk to FBA
disk. MVS still requires CKD ... simulated on industry fixed-block
disks, decades since the last real CKD disk was manufactured.

Mentioned before, transition from cp67 to vm370 eliminated and
simplified lots of functions ... including multiprocessor
support. 1974 I started migrating a lot of old cp67 stuff (including
things I had done as undergraduate in the 60s) to vm370. While working
on CP67 at the science center, I had also done automated benchmark,
configuration management and simulated workload scripts ... however,
initial work with vm370 was that benchmarks were guaranteed to crash
vm370. Started fixing huge number of bugs ... and then finally got
CP67 serialization function moved over to vm370. Apparently they
thought that some number of vm370 failures were allowing user to log
off before all their activity had completed ... so they put in things
to delay logoffs ... which didn't actually solve very many of the
failures at the same time creating huge number of problems with
hung/zombie users (problems that included not being able to log back
on until the next system re-ipl). It took several months just to get
vm370 to the level that the automated benchmarks could complete w/o
crashing the system (and eliminate all zombie users). It was the end
of 1974 before I was able to start shipping enhanced production
operating system distribution for internal datacenters. Some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

There was lots of other performance work going at at the science
center ... one was an analytical model implemented in CMS\APL. A
version of this was made available on HONE as the performance
predictor where branch people could enter customers'
hardware&software configuration along with workload information and
ask "what-if" questions about what happens to performance when
configuration and/or workload changes.

HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

All during FS period, I continued to work on 360 & 370 stuff, even
periodically ridiculing FS, even claiming some of the stuff I already
had running production was better than some of their blue sky
stuff. With the imploding of FS and the mad rush to get stuff back
into 370 product pipeline, contributed to decision to release some of
my resource management stuff. As part of getting ready for product
release put together a matrix of 1000 automated benchmarks that
covered spectrum of configurations and user workloads. Each benchark
workload/configuration information was fed into a modified
performance predictor which then predicted the results and
compared it with the actual results after the benchmark ran
... helping validate both the performance predictor and the
system resource manager. Since all this benchmarking was validating
what would ship for the resource manager, I had to include all the
integrity fixes that was necessary for the benchmarks to run (and
prevent system from crashing). Then the performance predictor
was programmed to select other configuration and workload
combinations, hunting for possible anomolies. In all 2000 automated
benchmarks were run taking 3months elapsed time preparing for initial
release of the resource manager.

The 30April1975 email references some other features that had been
picked up and included along the way in various standard releases, for
instance the "autolog" command which originally had been done for
automated benchmarking.

I did history of vm performance talk at '86 SEAS ... they had schedule
me for an hour ... but wasn't done ... so that evening, they scheduled
a room ... and it went on for a few hours. i repeated an hr version at
HILLGANG meeting a couple years ago.

upthread mentioned system support programmer added full 370/XA support
to VM370 (HPO) but fell victim to POK/Endicott politics, POK wanted
huge group to upgrade VM/MA-VM/SF to VM370 level. Some old email.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860121
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860122
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860123

Later there was a subgroup in the Kingston organization that had
several factions arguing about the optimal implementation for
dispatch/scheduling. I had running email exchange with one of the
participants keeping up to the minute ... and we observed that the
resources spent arguing in the meetings were more than sufficient to
have implemented all the different proposals and done comparison
benchmarks.

By 3033 time, MVS was reaching limit of both real and virtual
16mbyte. MVS system bloat was taking up so much of the real 16mbyte
storage that what was left for application use was resulting lots of
lost time to excessive paging activity.

reference to decision to move all 370 to virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

The other problem (with virtual 16mbyte) dates back to transition from
SVS (effectively MVT layed out in single 16mbyte virtual address
space, slight change from MVT running in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine)
to MVS (each application having its own 16mbyte virtual address
space). The issue was that the OS/360 heritage was pervasive
pointer-passing API convention. As a result, an 8mbyte "image" of MVS
was in every application 16mbyte space, in theory leaving 8mbyte for
application. However, the transition to MVS put every subsystem into
its own address space (separate from application). Initially, in order
for applications to call subsystems, a 1mbyte "common segment area"
was created in every address space ... for passing data back&forth
between applications and subsystems. However requirement for CSA was
proportional to number of subsystems and concurrent applications and
by 3033 time-frame CSA had morphed into the "common system area" that
was 5-6 mbytes (leaving to 2-3mbytes for applications) ... and
threatened to grow to 8mbytes (limiting application space to zero
mbytes).

To address the enormous MVS system bloat, they did a hack to 16mbyte
address space, sort of allowing 64mbytes of real storage. The page
table entry (PTE) gives mapping between virtual address to real
address, mapped virtual page to 12bit real page number (12bit page
size + 12bit page number addresses 24bits or 16mbyte). However there
were two unused bits in the PTE and the hack was to use these two
unused bits, to prefix the the 12bit real page number, giving 14bit
real page numbers or 64mbytes. Instructions were still limited to
addressing 16mbytes, but instruction virtual addresses could be
remapped into addressing real page anywhere in 64mbyte range. However,
there were still some things that were needed to be "below the 16mbyte
line" ... and so there was gimmicks where virtual pages were moved
back&forth between below the line and above the line.

To address the exploding CSA size reducing virtual application actual
space to zero bytes ... part of xa/370 was retrofitted to 3033 for
dual-address space ... primary and secondary. Subsystem could be
invoked with the calling application address space as secondary
... the subsystem then could directly address the callers space (w/o
needing CSA, reducing need for CSA space).

The initial hack for moving virtual pages back&forth across the (real)
16mbyte line was to use channel programs and I/O. Original 360 channel
programs only had 24bits for addressing. However channel program
architecture was limited to the previous CCW had to completely finish
before fetching the next CCW. For scatter/gather channel programs
where transfer involved data at multiple locations, requierd chain
data CCWs ... however timing could be such that the next CCW couldn't
be fetched within the timing constraints of the device. 370 introduced
IDALs, full words (32bit) for data addresses, which could be
prefetched, eliminating lots of device timing constraints with not
being able to prefetch CCW (resulting in data overrun). For 3033
64mbyte support, (full word) IDALs could be used for doing I/O above
the line. The initial hack for moving was to write a page above the
line out and read it back in below the line. I quickly gave them a
different hack where I fabricated two page table entries, one pointing
to the real page above the line and the other to the real page below
the line and used MVCL to copy the virtual page (eliminating the two
I/Os to do the job).

CSA trivia: IBM Burlington had a 7mbyte hardware design fortran
program with 168s and then 3033s dedicated for the running of this
program. There was constant battles keeping the evolving MVS system
limited to CSA never exceeding 1mbyte as well as constant battles that
enhancements/changes to the design program was forced to never exceed
7mbytes. We offered them a VM370 system, running 16mbyte CMS virtual
machine, where CMS took 128kbytes and OS/360 simulation took another
64kbyte bytes (there was joke that CMS 64kbyte OS/360 simulation was
significantly more effective than MVS 8mbyte OS/360 simulation)
... which would allow them to eliminate their constant battles trying
to keep their design program within 7mbytes (actually more than double
the size, 16mbytes-192kbytes).

Other trivia: SJ/GPD had a similar large MVS application for microcode
development ... that wouldn't run with standard CMS OS/360 facility
support. Turns out looking at what it needed was an additional
12kbytes of OS/360 function facilities and everything ran fine (added
to the existing 64kbytes OS/360 support ... for a total of 76kbytes).

Dual-address space trivia: long time IBMer responsible for retrofit
part of XA/370 to 3033, also works on 801/risc (1st 32bit, blue
illiad, never ships), then in early 80s leaves IBM for HP and works on
their risc processors. Later he is one of the primary architects for
64bit Itanium (incompatible architecture) ... which ran into trouble
when AMD came out with 64bit compatible architecture.

I don't remember the Burlington Fortran program name, it was late
70s/early 80s. The San Jose GPD program was "MDS" ... old email
reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email800717

One of my other projects started in the early 80s I called HSDT (high
speed data transport), T1 and faster speed links ... I was doing a lot
of it out of the Los Gatos lab with the LSG VLSI group (doing Blue
Iliad 32bit 801/risc, which never finished) which let me have several
offices and labs in return for helping them with some stuff. One of
first links was T1 between LSG and Clementi's engineering&scientific
lab in Kingston (he had something like 20 high-end FPS boxes and did
lot of chemistry simulations). We were also working with the director
of NSF and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF
supercomputer systems. Then congress cuts the budget, some other
things happen, and eventually they release RFP. Copy of Preliminary
Announcmeent (28March1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries
helping by writing the company a letter (with copy to CEO) with
support of other government agencies, but that just makes the internal
politics worse (as does statements that what we already had running
was more than 5yrs ahead of all bid responses).
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
As regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the
NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet.

I also had a proposal to cram a huge cluster of chips in a rack,
arbitrary mix of Blue Iliad processors (1st 32bit 801/risc chip, which
never reached production) and ROMAN (IBM Germany 3mip 370 chip). Old
email about getting double booked, meeting in YKT on huge cluster and
having to find somebody to fill in for me for meeting with NSF
director:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email85031

HSDT also got transponder on SBS4 and put in custom designed TDMA
earth stations in LSG, YKT, and Austin. One of the things was LSG had
done VLSI logic simulation engine (LSM) that ran logic simulation
50,000 times faster than software on 3033. The RIOS VSLI (1st 32bit
801/risc chip that ships, used in RS/6000) group in Austin started
doing huge file transfers between Austin and LSG to run logic
simulation (claim that it helps bring in RIOS design more than year
early).

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Russian Way of War (& Math Anxiety)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Russian Way of War (& Math Anxiety)
Date: 11 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Russian Way of War
https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Portals/7/Hot%20Spots/Documents/Russia/2017-07-The-Russian-Way-of-War-Grau-Bartles.pdf
loc1268-74:

The Russian education system continues to emphasize mathematics and
science. Consequently, "math anxiety" is not a problem, particularly
among military professionals. Mathematical determination articles are
a normal part of most Russian professional military journals. Russian
officers use mathematical models to aid in their planning. Nomograms
and calculations quickly resolve issues such as determining pass times
and march durations; duration and density of artillery fire to achieve
necessary percentages of kills and equipment destruction in area fire
missions; the time and place where the forces will encounter the enemy
main force; the optimal march routes; the time required to move from
the assembly area and transition from battalion to platoon attack
formation; the artillery expenditure required during this transition;
or the numbers of trucks and trips required to move tonnages of
different cargo.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Indian Wars

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Indian Wars
Date: 12 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Note the original 1607 English settlement was Jamestown that had
planned to follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local
natives to support the settlement. It turns out that the North
American natives weren't as docile and cooperative; and the original
settlement starved. English then switched to sending over other
members of the British Isles to serve the purpose. "Why Nations Fail":
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8
pg27:

The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social
structure. At the bottom were the 'leet-men', with clause 23 noting,
"All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all
generations."

... snip ....

My wife's father (Scottish ancestry, clan was "broken" in 1600s and
migrated to North America) had been given a set of Fiske's histories
(from 1880s) by the daughters of the 17th century for some distinction
at West Point
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org

Fiske's histories has the US gov. completely different if it had been
up to the English settlers in north atlantic states (aka oligarchs)
... but for the influence of the scots-irish settlers in the
mid-atlantic states. James Webb also touches on it in his book: "How
the Scots-Irish Shaped America"

The Comanche Empire
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
loc4690-93:

When planning Comanche campaigns, the U.S. Army was able to draw on
its rapidly accumulating experience in fighting the Plains
Indians. The Lakota wars had revealed that regular soldiers, although
armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester repeating rifles, were a poor
match for the highly motivated and mobile Indian warriors

loc4695-99:

Short of troops and wary of open battles, the army set out to deprive
the Comanches of shelter and sustenance by destroying their winter
camps, food supplies, and horse herds. By the early 1870s this kind of
total warfare against entire populations was an established practice
in the U.S. Army. Sherman had pioneered it against the Confederacy in
his "March to the Sea," and Sheridan had introduced a stripped-down
version of it to the plains in his 1868-69 winter campaign against the
Cheyennes.

... snip ....

except Sherman wasn't slaughtering women and children, practicing
genocide. "Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil
War Reconsidered"
https:/www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/
loc6085-88:

Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral
ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of
waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a
superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter,
who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of
Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.

... snip ...

Grant
https://www.amazon.com/Grant-Ron-Chernow-ebook/dp/B06W2J89PV/
pg872/loc15189-95:

Many of the same generals who had defeated the Confederacy were now
assigned to pacify Native Americans and often betrayed a punitive,
bloody attitude, exemplified by Phil Sheridan's infamous remark "The
only good Indians I know are dead." 16 Convinced Native Americans must
succumb to a stronger race of white men, Sheridan reviled them as "the
enemies of our race and of our civilization," who had to be confined
on reservations or killed. 17 During one Indian war in 1867, Sherman
advised Sheridan, "The more [Indians] we kill this year, the less we
would have to kill next year."

... snip ...

and a more little drift ...

A New Concept of War, John Boyd, the U.S. Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167
other refs:
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2018/3/22/john-boyd-on-clausewitz-dont-fall-in-love-with-your-mental-model
Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

I am biased, I had been introduced to Boyd in early 80s and sponsored
his briefings several times. In 1990, the commandant of the Marine
Corps leveraged Boyd for make-over of the Corps.

Parady of the conflict between the attritionists and the maneuverists
that appeared in Marine Corps gazette:
https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/attritionist-letters-archives
also archived here
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2011/05/11/27461/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent posts mentioning Sheridan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Family of Secrets

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Family of Secrets
Date: 17 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Family of Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/

All the stuff about assasination made the least sense.

Lots of stuff about how intertwined old boys network, ivy league, etc
... CIA does a lot of recruiting in those places including plausibly
H.W. Bush.

It has Bush creating "Team B" after becoming CIA Director. All the
other stuff I've read about "Team B" has Colby not approving the
analysis and Rumsfeld getting Colby replaced with Bush, who would
approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase),
then Rumsfeld resigns as white house chief of staff (replaced by his
assistant Cheney) to become SECDEF.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Touches a little how heavily involved the family was in the S&L crises
in various ways. S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

Does refer to lots of support for Saddam, including WMDs. Other
reports have White House tolerating invasion of Kuwait ... it was when
Saddam was marshaling forces for invasion of Saudi Arabia, then
H.W. had to choose between Saddam and Saudis. Then this century, using
fabricated WMDs as excuse for invasion.

After H. is brought on the board of Harken with little or no duties
and given lots of stock options ... then has enough money to buy into
baseball team ... which helps with his campaign for governor.
pg336/6943-51:

IF IT WALKS LIKE A DUCK AND TALKS like a duck, the saying goes, then
maybe it really is a duck. Over at Harken Energy—George W. Bush's next
corporate home—the ducks were quacking plenty loud. Bush-connected
enterprises were just not the kinds of businesses with which the rest
of us are familiar. There always seemed to be something more going on:
that overlay of peculiar money-moving, a general lack of
profitability, the participation of foreign interests, and a hint of
black intelligence operations.

pg335/loc7353-55:

A week after Bush sold his stock (and the day a largely favorable
Forbes magazine profile of the company appeared), Harken announced a
second-quarter loss of $23.2 million. The stock plunged 20 percent. In
2002, it came out that Bush and other insiders had received internal
warnings of impending financial collapse just sixteen days before Bush
sold his own shares

... snip ...

Mentions H.W. worked for Carlyle, but not H. (& Baker), enormous uptic
in government outsourcing last decade, Agencies can't lobby congress,
and beltway bandits can use contract money to lobby congress
... however doesn't seem to be any limitations on private-equity
owners. PE companies buying up government contractors and beltway
bandits ... with lots of help from prominate politicians lobbying
congress.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

Rove (& Gingrich) master of political manipulation, information
spinning (& dirty tricks?), "family of secrets"  pg371/loc7664-65:

Few people realize that Rove, perhaps the most important figure in
W.'s political rise, got his start as a handpicked apprentice to Poppy
Bush.

pg374/loc7717-19:

Rove's growing repertoire of tricks was tradecraft of the type that
Poppy Bush's CIA associates would have admired. It was what they
themselves routinely did around the world, ostensibly in the service
of the nation. And Rove was hardly alone: former House Speaker Newt
Gingrich, whose Republican revolution of 1994 bedeviled Bill Clinton's
presidency, quietly brought a military psy-ops specialist onto his
staff.

pg374/loc7733-35:

So dedicated was Rove to George W. Bush that not only would he labor
assiduously to muddy W.'s opponents, from Ann Richards to Al Gore to
John Kerry; often he took it upon himself to clean George W. Bush
up—sometimes literally.

pg390/loc8037-39:

GEORGE W. BUSH AND HIS HANDLERS knew that his behavior before becoming
governor—his partying, his womanizing, and in particular his military
service problems—posed a serious threat to his presidential
ambitions. Their solution was to wipe the slate clean—through a
religious transformation

... snip ...

In the early 90s, H.W. is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, H. is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

in general seems to have some amount of overlap/intersection with Democracy in Chains
https://www.amazon.com/Democracy-Chains-History-Radical-Stealth-ebook/dp/B01EH1EL7A/
and The Myth of Capitalism
https://www.amazon.com/Myth-Capitalism-Monopolies-Death-Competition-ebook/dp/B07KRG46XS/
and The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies

from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you;
(Family of Secrets) pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (John Perkins)
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
pg106/log1728-36:

Vanity Fair concluded: The Bush family and the House of Saud, the two
most powerful dynasties in the world, have had close personal,
business, and political ties for more than 20 years. . . . In the
private sector, the Saudis supported Harken Energy, a struggling oil
company in which George W. Bush was an investor. Most recently, former
president George H. W. Bush and his longtime ally, former Secretary of
State James A. Baker III, have appeared before Saudis at fundraisers
for the Carlyle Group, arguably the biggest private equity firm in the
world. Today, former president Bush continues to serve as a senior
adviser to the firm, whose investors allegedly include a Saudi accused
of ties to terrorist support groups. . . . Just days after 9/11,
wealthy Saudi Arabians, including members of the bin Laden family,
were whisked out of the US on private jets. No one will admit to
clearing the flights, and the passengers weren't questioned. Did the
Bush family's long relationship with the Saudis help make it happen?

pg174/loc2669-73:

Then newly elected President George H. W. Bush took office. Shortly
thereafter, Michael Ameen — a State Department consultant assigned to
brief the newly confirmed US ambassador to Bahrain, Charles Hostler —
arranged for meetings between the Bahraini government and Harken
Energy. Suddenly, Amoco was replaced by Harken. Although Harken had
not previously drilled outside the southeastern United States, and
never offshore, it won exclusive drilling rights in Bahrain, something
previously unheard of in the Arab world. Within a few weeks, the price
of Harken Energy stock increased by more than 20 percent, from $4.50
to $5.50 per share

... snip ...

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

other recent EHM/Economic Hit Man:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
Date: 18 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

The document, officially titled "Field Manual (FM) 3-05.130, Army
Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare" and originally
written in September 2008, was recently highlighted by WikiLeaks on
Twitter in light of recent events in Venezuela as well as the
years-long, U.S.-led economic siege of that country through sanctions
and other means of economic warfare. Though the document has generated
new interest in recent days, it had originally been released by
WikiLeaks in December 2008 and has been described as the military's
"regime change handbook."
https://www.mintpressnews.com/leaked-wikileaks-doc-reveals-how-us-military-uses-of-imf-world-bank-as-unconventional-weapons/254708/

Also consistant with long time WAR IS RACKET
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and especially Economic Hit Man
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
especially when other methods don't work, they send in the jackels

although there is the more recent part about wallstreet using "EHM"
tactics against the American public during economic mess.

More EHM
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More EHM, including against our own people
https://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy-20160318

The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (John Perkins)
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
pg79/loc1332-36:

We sat in silence for a few moments, each lost in his own
thoughts. Torrijos was the first to speak. "Do you know who owns
United Fruit?" he asked. "Zapata Oil, George Bush's company — our UN
ambassador," I said. 2 "A man with ambitions." He leaned forward and
lowered his voice. "And now I'm up against his cronies at Bechtel."

pg80/loc1341-44:

"The biggest construction job in recent history." He paused.
"Bechtel's loaded with Nixon, Ford, and Bush cronies." Bush, as US
ambassador to the UN, and Ford, as House minority leader and chairman
of the Republican National Convention, were well known to Torrijos as
Republican powerbrokers. "I've been told that the Bechtel family pulls
the strings of the Republican Party."

pg106/log1728-36:

Vanity Fair concluded: The Bush family and the House of Saud, the two
most powerful dynasties in the world, have had close personal,
business, and political ties for more than 20 years. . . . In the
private sector, the Saudis supported Harken Energy, a struggling oil
company in which George W. Bush was an investor. Most recently, former
president George H. W. Bush and his longtime ally, former Secretary of
State James A. Baker III, have appeared before Saudis at fundraisers
for the Carlyle Group, arguably the biggest private equity firm in the
world. Today, former president Bush continues to serve as a senior
adviser to the firm, whose investors allegedly include a Saudi accused
of ties to terrorist support groups. . . . Just days after 9/11,
wealthy Saudi Arabians, including members of the bin Laden family,
were whisked out of the US on private jets. No one will admit to
clearing the flights, and the passengers weren't questioned. Did the
Bush family's long relationship with the Saudis help make it happen?

pg173/loc2659-63:

For those of us interested in oil and the international scene, there
was another frequently discussed topic: the vice president's son,
George W. Bush. His first energy company, Arbusto (Spanish for bush),
was a failure that ultimately was rescued through a 1984 merger with
Spectrum 7. Then, Spectrum 7 found itself poised at the brink of
bankruptcy and was purchased, in 1986, by Harken Energy Corporation;
G. W. Bush was retained as a board member and consultant with an
annual salary of $120,000 (in 1986 dollars).

pg174/loc2663-68:

We all assumed that having a father who was the US vice president
factored into this hiring decision, since the younger Bush's record of
accomplishment as an oil executive certainly did not warrant it. It
also seemed no coincidence that Harken took this opportunity to branch
out into the international field for the first time in its corporate
history, and to begin actively searching for oil investments in the
Middle East. Vanity Fair reported, "Once Bush took his seat on the
board, wonderful things started to happen to Harken — new investments,
unexpected sources of financing, serendipitous drilling rights."

pg174/2669-73:

Then newly elected President George H. W. Bush took office. Shortly
thereafter, Michael Ameen — a State Department consultant assigned to
brief the newly confirmed US ambassador to Bahrain, Charles Hostler —
arranged for meetings between the Bahraini government and Harken
Energy. Suddenly, Amoco was replaced by Harken. Although Harken had
not previously drilled outside the southeastern United States, and
never offshore, it won exclusive drilling rights in Bahrain, something
previously unheard of in the Arab world. Within a few weeks, the price
of Harken Energy stock increased by more than 20 percent, from $4.50
to $5.50 per share

... snip ...

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and
Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted
the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's
efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully
-- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything
settled down.

... snip ...

also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the
EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American
public. Other references were about new president having to choose
between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team
was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have
held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would
have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president
chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

other recent EHM/Economic Hit Man:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#66 Innovation?, Government, Military, Commercial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#44 Anatomy of Failure: Why America Loses Every War It Starts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#10 Why Dodd-Frank Is A Protection Racket For Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#66 Economic Mess Prosecution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#113 Trump asking advisers if he can legally fire Fed chief
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncomplian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
Date: 19 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
https://bigthink.com/videos/future-world-superpowers
The New Rules of War: Victory in the Age of Durable Disorder
https://www.amazon.com/New-Rules-War-Victory-Disorder-ebook/dp/B0756DWQR7/

US using military to help overthrow, manipulate, and loot other
countries, going back more than 100yrs (and reducing general
population into serfdom)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

Current military role; The document, officially titled "Field Manual
(FM) 3-05.130, Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare"
and originally written in September 2008, was recently highlighted by
WikiLeaks on Twitter in light of recent events in Venezuela as well as
the years-long, U.S.-led economic siege of that country through
sanctions and other means of economic warfare. Though the document has
generated new interest in recent days, it had originally been released
by WikiLeaks in December 2008 and has been described as the military's
"regime change handbook."
https://www.mintpressnews.com/leaked-wikileaks-doc-reveals-how-us-military-uses-of-imf-world-bank-as-unconventional-weapons/254708/
previous post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.htm#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare

in conjunction with "economic hit men" (EHM) that perform financial
engineering as part of the process, when that isn't sufficient they
send in the jackels
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
although there is the more recent part about wallstreet using "EHM"
tactics against the American public during economic mess last decade.
More EHM
https://www.bkconnection.com/bkblog/jeevan-sivasubramaniam/five-examples-of-how-economic-hit-men-still-operate-globally-today
More EHM, including against our own people
https://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy-20160318

"Confidence Men", includes several references that during recent
economic mess, used EHM tactics against our own people. Other
references were about new president having to choose between the
economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was
instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held
wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have
likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses
the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible)
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

Newest edition added more about powerful families playing major roles over the years
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
with quite a bit of overlap with this about the Bush family (going back to grandpa Prescott)
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
and from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite
you (9/11); pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

another family
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
and from the darker side with US supporting violent regime change,
torture, terrorism, death squads (and reducing general population to
serfdom)
https://www.amazon.com/Shock-Doctrine-Rise-Disaster-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B003KVKQB4/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

related works:
https://www.amazon.com/Myth-Capitalism-Monopolies-Death-Competition-ebook/dp/B07KRG46XS/
https://www.amazon.com/Democracy-Chains-History-Radical-Stealth-ebook/dp/B01EH1EL7A/
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/

associated posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#0 How Harvard Business School Has Reshaped American Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#21 Financial Engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
Date: 21 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less
Capitalism; Why Social Democracy is an Immune System for Capitalism's
Economic, Psychological, Social, and Moral Ills
https://eand.co/people-are-happier-in-social-democracies-because-theres-less-capitalism-980a9c71bfc1

school systems focused on turning out capitalist workers, stamping out
creativity and enforcing conformity, but had some trade-offs, citizens
needed to feel that they had something to fight for. On War, The
beautifully reproduced illustrated 1908 edition, with introduction by
Andy McNab, notes by Col. F.N. Maude and brief memoir of General
Clausewitz
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8
from intro of the 1908 edition ... loc394-95:

As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not
seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the
undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the
State.

...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient
that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of
life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to
the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier
motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the
capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they
approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with
Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

part of the result by the early 50s was adding "in god we trust" to
money and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance.

Note that the WW2 era neutrality laws were by same of the same people
that saw the enormous profiteering that went on during WW1 .... the
capitalists would respin it as isolationism

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy,
industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster
Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing
Program, they needed German industrial and military targets and
coordinates, they got the information and detailed plans from
wallstreet

My wife's father was awarded a set of history books from 1880s, for
some distinction at West Point by daughters of 17th century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

They reference that if hadn't been for mid-atlantic (Jefferson,
Madison, Scottish etc) influence, the English settlers (Hamilton,
Federalists) would have prevailed and our form of government would be
more like English with monarch and structured society. The
constitution deliberations were kept confidential and when states
didn't ratified it, Jefferson was brought back from France to do the
Bill of Rights (in order to get constitution ratified). Besides Bill
of Rights, Jefferson was also major force behind making sure our
country had separation of church and state.

Note the original English settlement was Jamestown that had planned to
follow the Spanish model, military to enslave the local natives to
support the settlement. It turns out that the North American natives
weren't as cooperative and the original settlement starved. English
then switched to sending over other members of the British Isles to
serve the purpose. The crown charters for those settlements had rigid
social structure with the "leet-men" at the bottom and "All the
children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations".

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

some  more:

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc5080-83:

Hamilton wanted the bank to be funded by federal deposits but run, in
part, for the benefit of private investors. Jefferson and Madison
objected. 29 They feared that the Hamiltonian program would enable
financial speculators to benefit from commercial transactions made
possible by government funds.

... snip ...

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

Originally, US corporations were entities that operate in public
interest, but then certain factions wanted those rights extended to
entities that can operate in self interest as well "people" rights
under constitution.  pgxiv/loc74-78:

Between 1868, when the amendment was ratified, and 1912, when a
scholar set out to identify every Fourteenth Amendment case heard by
the Supreme Court, the justices decided 28 cases dealing with the
rights of African Americans--and an astonishing 312 cases dealing with
the rights of corporations.

pgxviii/loc132-36:

For most of American history, the Supreme Court failed to protect the
dispossessed and the marginalized, with the justices claiming to be
powerless in the face of hostile public sentiment. As we will see,
however, the court's record on corporate rights was much different. In
1809, the Supreme Court decided the first case on the constitutional
rights of corporations, decades before the first comparable cases for
women or racial minorities. And unlike women and minorities, who lost
nearly all of their early cases, corporations won that first case--and
have compiled an impressive list of victories in the years since.

pg36/loc726-28:

On this issue, Hamiltonians were corporationalists--proponents of
corporate enterprise who advocated for expansive constitutional rights
for business. Jeffersonians, meanwhile, were populists--opponents of
corporate power who sought to limit corporate rights in the name of
the people.

pg120|loc1975-78:

The railroad corporations were constitutional first movers who
employed innovative tactics to secure new rights. They envisioned the
lawsuits as a form of strategic litigation, or what their lawyers
called "test cases," to determine whether corporations had the same
rights as ordinary people to equal protection and due process under
the Fourteenth Amendment.

pg229/loc3667-68:

IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, CORPORATIONS WON LIBERTY RIGHTS, SUCH AS
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, WITH THE HELP OF ORGANIZATIONS LIKE
THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

... snip ...

The former Senator argued before the Supreme court that examination of
the notes by those doing the 14th amendment was that they originally
intended to explicitly include corporations. A number of decades
later, when those notes were reexamined in detail, they found there
was no intention to include corporations ... but by that time there
had been extensive prior supreme court rulings (railroads had scammed
the supreme court on behalf of corporations).

The Golden Passport: Harvard Business School, the Limits of
Capitalism, and the Moral Failure of the MBA Elite
https://www.amazon.com/Golden-Passport-Harvard-Business-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B01JFYB12W/
The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

other railroad refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
Date: 24 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in
Prison
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/22/business/enron-ceo-skilling-scandal.html

Rhetoric on flr of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent
future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
however it requierd SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of
public company fraudulent financial statements ... even showing they
increased after SOX goes into effect and nobody doing jailtime.

Later at the congressional MADOFF hearings, they had the person that
had tried unsuccesfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about
MADOFF (SEC hands were finally forced when MADOFF turned himself in,
folklore was that MADOFF was looking for gov. protection after having
defrauded some unsavory characters).

enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
sarbanes-oxiley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

Gramm, #2 on time's list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

Now better known for GLBA and repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling Too
Big To Fail, used as excuse for not holding TBTF accountable), but on
the list for legislation blocking regulation of CDS gambling bets
(derivatives). Born, chair for CFTC suggested regulating
derivatives. Gramm's wife replaces Born, while Gramm gets legislation
passed blocking derivative regulation), then his wife resigns to join
Enron board (and audit committee).
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, an
Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined
after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission.

... snip ...

https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy
Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its
board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which
oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this,
the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and
dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in
attendance fees

... snip ...

slightly different description: "Dark Money: The Hidden History of the
Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right"
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/
loc2953-55:

The most fateful Mercatus Center hire might have been Wendy Gramm, an
economist and director at the giant Texas energy company Enron who was
the wife of Senator Phil Gramm, the powerful Texas Republican. In the
mid-1990s, she became the head of Mercatus's Regulatory Studies
Program.

loc2955-57:

There, she pushed Congress to support what came to be known as the
Enron Loophole, exempting the type of energy derivatives from which
Enron profited from regulatory oversight. Both Enron and Koch
Industries, which also was a major trader of derivatives, lobbied
desperately for the loophole.

loc2958-59:

Some experts foresaw danger. In 1998, Brooksley Born, chair of the
Commodity Futures Trading Commission, warned that the lucrative but
risky derivatives market needed more government oversight.

loc2959-61:

But Senator Gramm, who chaired the Senate Banking Committee, ignored
such warnings, crafting a deregulatory bill made to order for Enron
and Koch, called the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.

... snip ...

Mercatus Center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercatus_Center

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Jan1999 I was asked to try and help stop the coming economic
mess. Some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L
crises, were then doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few mil, hype,
IPO for a couple billion, should fail, to leave field clear for next
round), and were projected to get into securitized mortgages
then. Some securitized mortgages had been used to obfuscate fraudulent
mortgages during the S&L crises, posterchild was office bldgs in
Dallas/Ft.Worth area that turned out to be empty lots. I was to
improve the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents as
countermeasure.

They then find that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A (when
the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008
congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and
they can start doing no-documentation, no-down, liar loans (pay for
triple-A and immediately sell everything into the bond market) ... the
triple-A rating means that they no longer have to care about loan
quality or borrowers' qualifications.

They then realize that they can design securitized mortages to fail,
pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market and take out CDS gambling
bets (derivatives) that they would fail (creating enormous demand for
dodgy loans, now they cared about borrowers' qualifications, but not
in the traditional way).. The largest holder of these derivatives was
AIG which was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when
SECTREAS steps in and has them sign paper they can't sue those making
the bets, and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest
recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face
value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

other drift ... 80s, former CIA director and vice-president repeatedly
claimed he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was full-time administration point person deregulating the
financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

another family member presides over the economic mess after turn of
century, 70 times larger than S&L crises. S&L crises had 1000 criminal
convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should
have 70,000 with jailtimes. Also beholding to private-equity using
them to lobby congress on behalf of beltway-bandits and government
contractors (enormous boon in gov. privatizing after turn of century).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
pg106/log1728-36:

Vanity Fair concluded: The Bush family and the House of Saud, the two
most powerful dynasties in the world, have had close personal,
business, and political ties for more than 20 years. . . . In the
private sector, the Saudis supported Harken Energy, a struggling oil
company in which George W. Bush was an investor. Most recently, former
president George H. W. Bush and his longtime ally, former Secretary of
State James A. Baker III, have appeared before Saudis at fundraisers
for the Carlyle Group, arguably the biggest private equity firm in the
world. Today, former president Bush continues to serve as a senior
adviser to the firm, whose investors allegedly include a Saudi accused
of ties to terrorist support groups. . . . Just days after 9/11,
wealthy Saudi Arabians, including members of the bin Laden family,
were whisked out of the US on private jets. No one will admit to
clearing the flights, and the passengers weren't questioned. Did the
Bush family's long relationship with the Saudis help make it happen?

... snip ...

and from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you
(including 9/11);
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

Note in the 80s during Iran/Iraq war, US supported Iraq & Saddam,
including supplying WMDs. Then in 90s, sat. photo recon analyst told
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White
house said that they didn't believe him and proceeded to discredit the
analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was
marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to
choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Before the last Iraq invasion, the cousin of white house chief of
staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given
evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/
NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

This old Jan1999 (two decades ago) post by one of the attendees at
conference Compaq/Tandem/Atalla (Tandem had bought Atalla, a ATM cash
machine security vendor, before Compaq bought Tandem) sponsored for
us, references the S&L crises hit CITI so hard that it required a
private bailout (Saudis) to stay in business.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

Roll forward to economic mess, YE2008, just the four largest TBTF were
holding $5.2T in offbook toxic assets, with Citi holding the largest
amount. Original justification for TARP was supposedly to buy these
toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated it would have barely
dented the problem ... instead it was used for things like AIG (to
make face value payoffs for the CDS gambling bets) and the trillions
needed came from he Federal Reserve (folklore in part, to help
Sandis).

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-a rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Mainframe Z14

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Mainframe Z14
Date: 24 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Standard industry benchmark for a long time was number of iterations
compared to iterations on 370/158 assumed to be 1MIPS (million
instructions per second).

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 140 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processors, 150BIPS (862MIPS/proc), Aug2017

single z14 processor @862MIPS is almost 200 3033 processors, max
configured z14, 34,000 3033 processors.

z196 time-frame, standard cloud system was e5-2600 blade that
benchmarked around 500BIPS (billion instructions per second, ten times
max configured z196 or 3-4 current max configured z14). A single
typical cloud megadatacenter would have some half million such systems
(500,000*500BIPS or 250,000 TIPS, trillion instructions per second).

Current typical cloud blade system is around ten times faster (nearly
ten yrs later) ... or a few TIPS, with 60 some blades systems to a
rack (60*5TIPS = 300TIPS, ie around equivalent 2,000 max configured
z14s, in about the same space as single z14) and 500k-1M blade systems
per typical cloud megadatacenter (2.5 to 5 million TIPS ... or around
the equivalent of >30 million max configured z14s).

Z14 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#87 IBM z14 High-lights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#88 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#18 IBM RAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#89 z14 and zBX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#37 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#3 Somewhat Interesting Mainframe Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#15 Blockchain on Mainframe ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#8 IBM Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#50 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#65 Intrigued by IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#53 Think you know web browsers? Take this quiz and prove it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#3 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#42 Mainframes and Supercomputers, From the Beginning Till Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#12 IBM mainframe today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#21 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#7 10 Years With Tux

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Astronomy topic drift

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Astronomy topic drift
Date: 25 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

I got into somewhat later in life. In 1980 the new IBM STL lab was
bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS
group to offsite bldg with dataprocessing service back to the STL
datacenter. They had tried "remote 3270" and found the human factors
totally unacceptable (3270 controller with 19.2kbit link back to host
VTAM). I get con'ed into doing channel extender support for them
... placing a "channel attached" controller at the offiste bldg with
connection back to STL datacenter. A hardware vendor had built boxes
that emulated IBM channel, transmitting channel programs and data over
link. I do programming support to run the links in full duplex,
constantly transmitting in both direction ... which goes a long way to
masking the distance latency (which would have been enormous if was
directly communicating the high overhead, half duplex IBM channel
protocol chatter), and users don't notice difference in local channel
attached 3270 at STL and at offsite bldg.

As part of doing channel-extender work, I get sucked into doing other
kinds of "networking" ... and eventually have a project I call HSDT
supporting T1 and faster speed links (both satellite and
terrestrial). As a result, we also get involved with NSF director and
were suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer
centers, including one that was suppose to be at Berkeley. Apparently
because of the supercomputer interconnect work, got asked to be
involved with what they called the Berkeley "10 meter telescope" (one
meter segements arrainged in 10 meter) that they were planning on
placing on top of mountain in Hawaii. They were also working on
transition from film to digial/CCD and various testing was being run
at Lick Observatory (east of San Jose). Where I got involved was they
wanted to be able to do remote viewing back on the mainland and needed
high-speed link support. At the time they had 40kpixel CCDs (200x200)
... although there were rumors that Spielberg had some 4megapixel CCDs
(2Kx2K). While CCDs had 100 times light capture efficiency of film, at
the time CCDs cells weren't stable, needed constant temperature and
30sec white board calibration (different cells generate different
amount of electrical signal for the same light). Along the way, they
got into dispute with NSF and refused to take NSF money and eventually
found $80M from the Keck Foundation, and the project turns into the
"Keck 10meter".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._M._Keck_Observatory

And part of remote observing issue, there is high altitude sickness
for some people

Back to the channel-extender work, the hardware vendor tried to get
IBM to let them ship my support to customers, but there was a group in
POK working on some serial stuff who were afraid that if it was in the
market, it would be harder to get their stuff released ... and they
manage to block the release. In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL
standardize some serial stuff they had been playing with which quickly
becomes fibre channel standard ... including some stuff that I had
done back in 1980. Finally in 1990, the POK people get their stuff
released as part of ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.

NSF had given $60M to UC for Berkeley supercomputer center ... but the UC Regents master plan had the next new bldg going to UCSD ... and it morphs into the San Diego supercomputer center.

And to the $20M, congress had cut the budget, some other things happen
and eventually some years later, NSF releases an RFP (in part based on
what we already have running). Internal IBM politics prevent us from
bidding, the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a
letter (with support from other gov. agencies), but that just makes
the internal politics worse (as does the comments that what we already
have running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses to build
something new). preliminary announce (28Mar1986)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12 as
regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET
backbone, precursor to modern internet.

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
HSDT posts
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning Keck Foundation/Observatory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#7 CCD technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#12 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#82 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#85 ATMs by the Numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#9 Hawaii board OKs plan for giant telescope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#8 We're About to Lose Net Neutrality -- And the Internet as We Know It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#76 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#50 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#56 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#75 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#20 Spaceshot: 3,200-megapixel camera for powerful cosmos telescope moves forward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#51 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#89 Earth's atmosphere just crossed another troubling climate change threshold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#76 George Lucas reveals his plan for Star Wars 7 through 9--and it was awful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#71 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iran Payments

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iran Payments
Date: 25 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Democrats and Obama did not give $150 billion to Iran
https://www.apnews.com/afs:Content:2693370009

This is part of The Associated Press' ongoing effort to fact-check
misinformation that is shared widely online, including work with
Facebook to identify and reduce the circulation of false stories on
the platform.

The 79 revolution against the Shah and (death squad) SAVAK
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution
... US froze Iranian assets in this country. Over the years various
diplomatic efforts have resulted in unfreezing various amounts of
those assets... included some $400M that the previous Iranian gov. had
paid for US military hardware that was never delivered (but US then
resold to other countries ... getting paid twice).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_frozen_assets
more release of assets over the years by various administrations
http://time.com/4441046/400-million-iran-hostage-history

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east
started with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (requiring move from coal
to oil) before WW1; loc2012-14:

From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns,
and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines
which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on
the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the
thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:

To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing
our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable
quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea
in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:

This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval
Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could
only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the
Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial
investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to
five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial
proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the
Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests
which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also
to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the
purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

When the newly elected democratic government wanted to review the
Anglo-Persian contract, US arranged coup and backed Shah as front
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr%2E
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
... and Schwarzkoph (senior) training of the secret police to help
keep Shah in power
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

slightly different version

Family of Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
pg309/loc6424-28:

His father, Shah Reza Pahlavi, had been installed by two coups—one
British (1947), the other American (1953)—and was incompetent,
fabulously corrupt, and gratuitously brutal. The shah's first national
police force, the Gendarmerie, was trained by U.S. World War II
veteran General Norman Schwarzkopf (whose namesake son led Poppy
Bush's "Desert Storm" war on Iraq's Saddam Hussein in 1991). After the
1953 CIA-sponsored coup that toppled a popularly elected prime
minister and restored the shah to dictatorial power, it was clear that
Reza Pahlavi needed protection against his own people.
pg310/loc6428-29: So the CIA, under Allen Dulles and deputy director
Richard Helms, helped train a new Iranian secret police force, the
dreaded SAVAK.

.... snip ...

a little drift; from the law of unintended consequences that come back
to bite you (including 9/11); pg292/loc6057-59:

There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates
in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts
to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up
large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't
hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the
world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)

... snip ...

other recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison

Note in the 80s during Iran/Iraq war, US supported Iraq & Saddam,
including supplying WMDs. Then in 90s, sat. photo recon analyst told
white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White
house said that they didn't believe him and proceeded to discredit the
analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was
marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to
choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card
... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that
WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been
decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others
... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010
(4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/
NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

past posts refs "The World Crisis, Vol. 1"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#85 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#30 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#66 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#70 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#72 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#75 Dinosaurisation of we oldies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#84 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#36 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#105 CIA Caught Between Operational Security and Analytical Quality In 1953 Iran Coup Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#88 Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers
Date: 26 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Pentagon harbors culture of revenge against whistleblowers; ‘Your
chances of avoiding professional suicide are akin to winning the
lottery,' one advocate says
http://www.rollcall.com/news/pentagon-whistleblowers-often-face-retaliation-that-goes-unpunished

older refs

How the Pentagon punished NSA whistleblowers
http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/may/22/how-pentagon-punished-nsa-whistleblowers
Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/10/former-cia-analyst-sues-defense-department-to-vindicate-nsa-whistleblowers/

After turn of century, private equity buying up beltway bandits and
goverment contractors and hiring prominent politicians to lobby
congress to outsource/privatize federal government, just intelligence,
70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
and accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture
(more profit from a series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Gerstner leaves IBM to head up major private-equity company that will
acquire the beltway bandit that will employee Snowden as well as some
former agency directors ("revolving door").
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

We were possibly tangentially involved ... although we didn't know it
at the time. There was unclassified BAA from IC-ARDA (now IARPA) that
basically said that nothing they had did the job ... and we got a call
just before it closed, asking if we could get a response in (nobody
else had responded). We got a response in, had a couple of meetings
summer 2002, demonstrating we could do what was needed, and then
nothing. It wasn't until we saw the success of failure article, that
we began to suspect what went on (disclaimer: i've never worked for
government and/or had clearance). Note there is possibility the person
that called us was disciplined.

past posts mentioning IC-ARDA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#35 Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#23 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#11 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#6 The Pentagon Is Building a Dream Team of Tech-Savvy Soldiers

x-over from another discussion ... conjecture that (private-equity
owned) beltway bandits used game theory to maximize revenue ... found
a series of failed efforts is more revenue than an immediate success,
another unintended consequence, "Game theory, or using math to find
the optimal solution to complex systems" (also applicable to
"perpetual wars"):
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2013/02/27/why-its-smart-to-be-reckless-on-wall-street/

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#39 NPC Luncheon with Thomas Drake, NSA Whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#72 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#75 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#23 Why Doesn't the Intelligence Community Care Whether Its Surveillance Programs Work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#11 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

Senior agency employee tells the congressional oversight committee
about problems (and shares unclassified information with reporter)
... bringing down the wrath of the agency on his head, including
charged under the WW1 espionage act (same act used to charge
Snowden). The congressional oversight committee puts the agency on
probation not being able to manage its own project for five years
... but that may have actually just been to further privatise agency
activities. About the time probation period is up, the charges against
the former agency executive are dropped.

The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His
Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension (and goes to work for
another major private-equity company)
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-general-who-lost-2-wars-leaked-classified-information-to-his-lover-and-retired-with-a-220000-pension/

The experience of former NSA senior executive Thomas Drake who shared
unclassified information about that agency's wasteful ways with a
reporter is more typical of what leakers should expect. Although the
Justice Department eventually dropped the most serious charges against
him--he pled guilty to a single misdemeanor--he lost his job and his
pension, went bankrupt, and has spent years working at an Apple store
after being prosecuted under the World War I-era Espionage Act. "My
social contacts are gone, and I'm persona non grata," he told Defense
One last year. "I can't find any work in government contracting or in
the quasi-government space, those who defend whistleblowers won't
touch me."

... snip ...

NPC Luncheon with Thomas Drake, NSA Whistleblower
http://www.press.org/events/npc-luncheon-thomas-drake-nsa-whistleblower
wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rating agencies

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rating agencies
Date: 26 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

Rating Agencies played major role in economic mess last decade.
Testimony in the OCT2008 congressional hearings (into the role that
rating agencies played) was that the rating agencies were being paid
for triple-A rating on securitized mortgages when they knew they
weren't worth triple-A, that ratings were for the benefit of the buyer
and use to be paid for by the buyer. Then the rating agencies change
to having the seller pay for the ratings and the business model became
misaligned, the rating agencies aligned with the seller, but in theory
providing something for the benefit of the buyer ... and it becomes
almost impossible to regulate an industry when the business model is
misaligned and they are motivated to do the wrong thing.

They can now make no-documentation, no-down, liar loans (triple-A
trumps documentation), securitize, pay for triple-A (no longer need to
care about borrowers' qualification or loan quality) and sell into the
bond market (including to buyers that are restricted to only dealing
in "safe" investments, like pension funds), major factor in being able
to do over $27T 2001-2008.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Rhetoric on the floor of congress was that SOX would prevent future
ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime,
however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO
didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of
public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing that they
increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

In the MADOFF congressional hearings they had the person that had
unsuccesfully tried for over a decade to get SEC to do something about
MADOFF (SEC's hands were forced when MADOFF turned himself in,
folklore is he did it looking for gov. protection after defauding some
unsavory characters).

Less well known is that Sarbanes-Oxley also required SEC to do
something about the rating agencies, but they did about as much about
rating agencies as they did about Madoff and fraudulent financial
filings.

enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
sarbanes-oxiley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

3090/3880 trivia

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 3090/3880 trivia
Date: 27 Feb 2019
Blog: Facebook

re: cover colors; science center 360/67 eventually had five 8(9) drive
banks of 2314 and single 5 drive bank (45 drives). The CE painted each
cover a different color ... so could more easily identify which set of
drives dealing with.

When they were designing 3090 configurations ... it included the
number of channels necessary to have balanced system throughput
... and assumed that 3880 (3380 controller) would have the same
characteristics as the previous 3830 (3330&3350) with the addition of
doing 3mbyte/sec transfer. However the 3880 had a much slower
processor (than 3830, used for control operations) with special
hardware dataflow. As a result the channel busy for i/o operation was
significantly higher than they were planning on.

In order to compensate for the significant increase in channel busy
(than planned on) and attempt to achieve 3090 throughput objectives,
they had to significantly increase configuration number of channels
(to compensate for the enormous increase in channel busy per i/o
operation). The increase in number of channels then required adding
another TCM to 3090 configurations (each TCM was an significant part
of 3090 manufacturing cost). There was facetious reference that 3090
group was going to charge off the manufacturing cost for each extra
3090 TCM to the 3880 controller group.

Marketing then respins the enormous increase in number of 3090
channels (compared to earlier machines) as advantages for high I/O
throughput workloads ... when in fact it was just of offset the
horrible increase in 3880 controller channel busy.

other recent posts mentioning extra 3090 channels needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#24 What was a 3314?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#45 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#5 More IBM DASD RAS discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#53 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#69 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#70 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#1 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#3 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#61 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#25 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#0 Intrigued by IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#48 IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#71 PDP 11/40 system manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Series/1 NCP/VTAM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Series/1 NCP/VTAM
Date: 03 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

Early 70s, science center tried to convince CPD to use the Series/1
peachtree processor in place of UC (because it was significantly
better).

Mid-80s, baby bell had developed NCP/VTAM emulator on Series/1
... that provided enormously more function at significantly lower
cost. I get con'ed into turning it out as type-1 product. There was
enormous amount of effort to fence off CPD dirty tricks ... the
largest 3705 customer even offered to fully fund the effort ... since
it would completely recover all costs within 9months (if he could
replace all his real 37x5 boxes). What CPD did next to kill the effort
can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction.

I possibly made mistake doing presentation at 1986 SNA ARB meeting in
raleigh ... rubbing their noses in it. All the technical people
thought it was much better than what they had to work on. The only
thing the executive responsible for ARB wanted to know was who
authorized me to present at ARB. Old post with part of that
presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67

CPD first started having people attack the numbers were wrong (not how
they were wrong, just that they were wrong). I pointed out the
Series/1 numbers come from real live Bell configurations and the 37x5
numbers come from the CPD HONE configurators. Their objections were
all obfuscation, misdirection, smoke ... w/o any content. They even
tried to assert that I didn't have access HONE and couldn't have run
configurators .... possibly oblivious to the fact that from the time I
first joined IBM fresh out of school was one of my hobbies was
enhanced, production systems for internal datacenters ... and HONE was
a long time customer ... so I had all the HONE access that anybody
could pos sibly need.

one of the baby bell people also presented at IBM user group, COMMON,
part of detail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM/PC Uptake

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM/PC Uptake
Date: 03 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

Large corporations would have tens of thousand 3270s ... a IBM/PC with
terminal emulation had about the same cost as 3270 ... and get
terminal with some local computing in single footprint (little effort
to switch from justified 3270s to IBM/PC with terminal emulation).

My brother was regional Apple marketing rep (largest physical region
CONUS) and when he came into town, I could get invited to Apple
business dinners. Even before MAC was announced, I would argue with
MAC developers that they should have terminal emulation ... they would
absolutely refuse to contaminate MAC with anything commercial.

corporate 3270 emulation seeded the initial IBM/PC market/volumes
... but as PC power advanced, paradigms evolved into client/server and
distributed computing and CPD was striving to keep things frozen.

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal,
annual, world-wide communication group conference, supposedly on 3174
performance, but opened the talk that the communication group was
going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue
was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with its
corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the
datacenter walls and was fighting off client/server and distributed
computing trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm
and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the
mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms
with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number
of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the
communication group. terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

IBM formed SBS with Comsat and AETNA (each having 1/3rd
ownership). One of the issues was so many IBMers came over that SBS
had the same number of management levels as IBM (for .5% the number of
employees) .... over half the employees were director or above. In
part as a result, SBS always was significantly in the RED. The joke
was that the profit IBM made on the hardware it sold SBS more than
offset IBM's 1/3rd of the SBS losses. Folklore is that when SBS was
dissolved, IBM reimbursed Comsat and AETNA for their losses.

disclaimer: 3 people came out to the univ. from the science center the
last week Jan1968 to install CP/67. It supported 1052 & 2741 terminals
and had terminal type identification, using terminal controller "SAD"
ccw to switch line-port scanner type. Univ. had some number of
ASCII/TTY terminals and I added ASCII/TTY terminal support, including
being able to do automatic terminal type identification across all
three types. I then wanted to have single dial-in number ("hung
group") for all terminal types. It didn't quite work, while it was
possible to switch terminal-port scanner type ... IBM controllers hard
wired each line speed.

This contributed to Univ. starting clone terminal project, taking
Interdata/3, building channel interface hardware for the interdata/3
and programmed to emulate IBM terminal controller ... but also being
able to dynamicly recognize terminal/character speed. This was then
enhanced with Interdata/4 for the channel interface and a cluster of
interdata/3s for port/line interfaces. Interdata (and later
Perkin/Elmer) market this as IBM clone controller.  Four of us get
written up for (some part of) clone controller business. clone
controller posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM bureaucracy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM bureaucracy
Date: 03 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

IBM created "IBU" (independent business units), supposedly to address
the heavy bureaucracy issues. AWD was one such IBU and would try to
use the IBU card at Austin plant site, but the uniform response was
IBU can bypass others bureaucracy but not theirs (which seem to be the
default response for all). Then for RS/6000 microchannel, AWD was told
they couldn't do their own microchannel cards, they had to help their
IBM brethern and use PS2 microchannel cards. Problem was that CPD was
fighting hard to restrict PS2 to dumb terminal paradigm. AWD had done
their own 4mbit token-ring card for the (AT-bus) PC/RT. The PS2
microchannel 16mbit T/R card was designed for hundreds of stations
sharing the same 16mbits, doing dumb terminals. As a result, the PC/RT
4mbit token-ring card had higher throughput than the PS2 16mbit
token-ring card (PC/RT could be faster server than RS/6000, joke was
RS/6000 wouldn't be any faster than PS2, limited to PS2 cards). As a
work-around AWD eventually came out with the RS/6000 730 ... with a
VMEBUS (instead of microchannel), which met that they could use
industry standard, high performance workstation VMEBUS cards. 801,
risc, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

disclaimer: at the univ. I had taken 2hr intro computers/fortran and
then within a year was hired fulltime to be responsible for the IBM
academic and administration mainframe systems. Before I graduate, I'm
hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the
formation of Boeing Computer Services (all dataprocessing moved into
independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including
offering services to non-Boeing entities). I thought that Renton
datacenter was possibly largest in the world, couple hundred million
in IBM mainframes (60s $$$), 360/65s arriving faster than they could
be installed, boxes constantly staged in the hallways around the
machine room. Polical battles between CFO (who had 360/30 for payroll)
and the head of Renton datacenter (with enormous boatload of IBM
360/65s). There was also a disaster scenario with Mt. Rainier heats up
and the resulting mudslide takes out the Renton datacenter ... so
things were in the works to duplicate Renton at the new 747 plant at
Paine field (double the cost & number of those mainframes)

topic drift: I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and he
would talk about being very vocal against electronics across the
trail. Possibly as punishment, he was put in command of "spook base"
(about the time I was at Boeing). One of his biographies says that
"spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Renton, again 60s
$$$, about seven times that in current dollars). Boyd posts and
URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bureaucracy and Agile

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bureaucracy and Agile
Date: 03 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

some four decades ago, congress passes import quotas on foreign autos,
reducing reducing competition, and enormously increasing profits with
expectation that they would use the money to remake themselves
... however they just pocketed the money and continued busy as
usual. As a result, early 80s, there was call for 100% unearned profit
tax on the US auto industry.

Then 1990, the industry has the C4 taskforce to (finally?) look at
completely remaking themselves and because they were planning on
heavily leveraging technology, they invited major technology vendors
to send representatives. One of the issues was the US industry was
taking 7-8yrs from start to rolling off the line, with two efforts
offset 3-4 years (so it looks like something is coming more
frequently, with cosmetic changes in between). Toyota had cut that
time in half in the 80s and in 1990 was in the process of cutting it
in half again (18-24months) ... allowing it to adapt more quickly to
new technologies and changing consumer preferences.

from more recent auto bailouts, they weren't successful in make-over
... too many stakeholders and vested interests trying to preserve
status quo. C4 taskforce posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

I was introduced to John Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor
Boyd's briefings at IBM (and I get sucked into military strategy
conferences, even after he passes still at Marine Corps University)
... part was about former military officers that were steeped in
rigid, heavy-weight, top-down, command&control, were starting to
contaminant US corporations. Other briefing was parts of OODA-loop
which he originated. Boyd posts (& URLs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

My post today in military stategy discussion

something I periodically quote as possibly precursor to Boyd's
OODA-loop ... from 1846 (free ebook):
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B002RKSO9K/
loc5019-20:

A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as
indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide,
and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

followed by long discussion of lots of great conquerors started in
their teens; that Napoleon started as officer in his teens as did many
of his generals (and were still quite young) ... most of the
opposition was headed by generals in their 60s-80s .... does mention
that Wellington was same age as Napoleon and studied at the same
military schools in France ... some implication about can't teach old
dogs, new tricks.

Potentially Boyd turns "see" into "observe" and adds "orientation"
... both coup d'oeil and "fingerspitzengefahl" ... speed is
frequently important, but can be trade-off confusing the enemy with
changing the tempo. Adding "orientation", also allows Boyd to talk
about needing to constantly observing from every possible facet (as
countermeasure to orientation/comfirmation bias).

almost finished with Chernow's Grant and has several references to
west point academics ambivalent(?) about Grant's finger-feel for war
... somewhat similar to MBAs & consulting houses ambivalence about
Toyota TBS (difficulty turning it into something they can charge for,
.. akin to Muth's "school solutions" in "Command Culture", contrasted
to exercises formulating solutions).

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't
want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have
adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies
that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a
tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the
work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to
the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous
emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess
Date: 03 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

risk managers were being forced by some of the business people to
fiddle the inputs until they got the desired results; GIGO,
garbage-in, garbage-out.

1999 I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess. I was
told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L
crises, were then running Internet IPO "mills" (invest a few million,
hype, IPO for a few billion, they needed to then fail to leave the
field clear for the next round of IPOs) and were predicted to get into
securitized mortgages next.

I was to improve the integrity of securitized mortgages supporting
documents as countermeasure. They then find they can pay for triple-A
rating (when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from
testimony at Oct2008 congressional hearings) and can start doing
no-documentation, liar loans (triple-A trumps supporting documents,
the no longer have to care about borrowers' qualifications and/or loan
quality). Triple-A significantly helps being able to sell over $27T
2001-2008 into bond market, including selling to entities restricted
to "safe" investments, like large pension funds.

Decade later, Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s
senate hearings into '29crash, scanned the fall before at Boston
Public Library) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what
happened this time and what happened then (comment that the new
congress may have an appetite to do something). I work on it awhile
and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (reference to
capital hill buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash, also
there may only be 2-3 honest members left).

from the law of unintended consequences ... related to doing the
no-documentation liar loans (so most of the time, there is no actual
real information for doing any sort of realistic risk calculation), is
the largest fines have been for the robo-signing mills fabricating the
missing documents necessary for foreclosures.

CP/67 science center trivia: Fall 2008, SECTREAS gets congress to
appropriate $700B supposedly to buy offbook toxic assets from the too
big to fail (however, the four largest TBTF were still carrying $5.2T
in offbook toxic assets ... so $700B wouldn't hardly dent the problem,
SECTREAS use TARP for other things, and it was up to FEDRES to buy
trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar).

In 1968, there were two CP/67 online commercial service bureau
spin-offs from the science center ... both of them quickly moved up
value stream specializing in the financial industry. One of the
spin-offs over the years acquired the pricing services division from
one of the rating agencies ... and was mentioned in JAN2009 in article
about doing the offbook toxic assets risk/pricing evaluation ... but
never actually happened (since there was no documentation to base the
evaluation). Other trivia: early fall 2008, some tens of billions in
offbook toxic assets had been sold for 22cents on the dollar, if the
TBTF had been force to "mark to market" ... they would have declared
insolvent and shutdown (FEDRES basically buying at near face value, as
opposed to calculated valuation, to avoid shutting them down. Scientific
center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
(economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other
references were about new president having to choose between the
economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was
instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held
wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have
likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses
the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

mildly IBM PROFS related (Iran-Contra):

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime,
proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 (criminal
convictions with jailtime), so far nobody.

all the stuff about computer power, risk modeling, etc, has been
obfuscation and misdirection ... it was greed and corruption.

Oct2008 congressional hearing into major role that rating agencies
played in the economic mess ... testimony that they were selling
triple-A rating on stuff that they knew wasn't worth triple-A
(significantly enabling over $27T 2001-2008).

Sarbanes-Oxley trivia: Rhetoric on floor of congress was that
Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that
executives and auditors did jailtime, but it required SEC to do
something. Possibly because even GAO knew that SEC wasn't doing
anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent
financial filings ... even increased after SOX went into effect (and
nobody doing jailtime).

Less well know was that SOX also required that SEC do something about
the rating agencies ... but they did about as much about the rating
agencies ... as they did about public company fraudulent financial
filings.

Number 1 on times list of those responsible for economic mess ... ran
mortgage originator, specialized in paying for triple-A and selling
into the bond market (in aggregate all the players were able to do
over $27T 2001-2008, NRA/CRA by comparison did well under $500B during
the same period, <2%), securitzing, paying for triple-A and selling
into the bond market met that major originators were no longer
depository institutions regulated by FDIC
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

#2 on times list for those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
Now better known for GLBA which included repeal of Glass-Steagall
(enabling too big to fail, used afterwards to not hold those
accountable), however he is on the list for legislation blocking
regulation of derivatives (CDS gambling bets), originally described as
favor for ENRON. The chair of CFTC suggested regulating derivatives,
who was then quickly replaced by #2's wife, while he got legislation
blocking any regulation. The wife then resigns and joins ENRON board
and audit committee.

With regard to rating agencies, it wasn't the computers, it was the
"misaligned business process". Oct2008 testimony was that ratings are
for the benefit of the buyers and use to be paid for by the
buyers. Then the rating agencies changed to having the sellers pay for
the ratings ... now the rating agencies are aligned with the sellers,
even though the ratings were supposedly for the benefit of the
buyers. Testimony was that it is almost impossible to regulate when
the business processes are misaligned (and the players are motivated
to do the wrong thing).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
sarbanes-oxiley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
TBTF (too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Date: 05 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-03-03/paper-map-shows-extent-entire-internet-1973

The internal network was larger than arapnet/internet from just about
the beginning until some time mid-80s. When arpanet converted to
internetworking protocol in 1983, it had two hundred some computers
when the internal network had passed 1000

old post with misc. 1983 internal network details ... some of the
weekly network host/node updates ... as well as list of corporate
locations that had one or more nodes added in 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

The internal network was not SNA/VTAM ... In 1987 CPD was distributing
lots of misinformation internally as part of getting the internal
network converted to SNA/VTAM. By this time, it would been much more
efficient and less expensive to have converted

The internal network was not SNA/VTAM ... In 1987 CPD was distributing
lots of misinformation internally as part of getting the internal
network converted to SNA/VTAM. By this time, it would been much more
efficient and less expensive to have converted to TCP/IP .... like
they did for the corporate sponsored university BITNET for
BITNET2. Old email related to CPD misinformation as part of getting
internal converted to SNA/VTAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

going on in the same period when there was all the CPD misinformation
about how NSF networking could be SNA/VTAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

ARPANET had IMP network nodes (with HOST protocol talking to the IMPs)
and converted to internetworking protocol (TCP/IP) on 1Jan1983 ... at
a time when there was approx. 100 IMPS network nodes and some 250
connected computers (when internal network was rapidly approaching
1000 nodes/computers).

Folklore some of the reasons for the conversion to internetworking
protocol: 1) single, homogeneous, centralized controlled network
(drastically inhibiting growth), 2) when anything happened in the
network, the IMP administrative protocol chatter would totally
saturate all of their 56kbit links (increased non-linear with number
of nodes).

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

Note SJR had the first gateway to ARPANET/Internet (actually CSNET)
... starting fall 1982, prior to the cutover to internetworking
protocol 1Jan1983. Long-winded collection of old posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

co-worker at the science center responsible for the technology used in
internal network (and corporate sponsored BITNET, also larger than
ARPANET/Internet for a period) ... we transferred to SJR in 1977. The
last collected post in "internet.htm" is article in 1999 SJMN about he
lost battle in the early 80s to move IBM to TCP/IP.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#31
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#140
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#85

He leaves IBM not long later ... although I'm able to hire him back as
consultant for HSDT efforts.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

1000 nodes

1000th node globe

-- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bureaucracy and Agile

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bureaucracy and Agile
Date: 03 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile

RS/6000 higher processor throughput than 3090 .... and as I've
periodically outlined, the reason that 3090 had to significantly
increase the number of 3090 channels was to offset the enormous 3880
disk controller channel busy (marketing then respins the enormous
increase in number of channels, compared to prior mainframe
generations, as huge I/O capacity). 801/risc, romp, rios, power,
power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

in the 3090 time-frame .... the father of RISC drags me into idea he
had about "wide" disk head. initial 3380 had 20 track spacing between
3mbyte/sec transfer data tracks, next 3380 doubled the number of
cylinders by cutting data track spacing in half, and then tripled by
cutting data track spacing again. He wanted to do "wide head" that
handled 18 closely spaced tracks ... each group had 16 data tracks
plus a servo track ... the wide head would read/write the 16data
tracks as following servo tracks on each side.

The problem was that it would be read/write all 16 data tracks
simultaneously, each data track at 3mbyte/sec, for aggregate of
48mbytes/sec ... but 3090 only had 3mbyte/sec channels.

We then did HIPPI 100mbyte half-duplex (like ibm channels but
100mbyte/sec instead of 3mbyte/sec) for RS/6000 .... relatively
quickly followed by FCS which was serial, full duplex 100mbyte/sec
(100mbyte/sec concurrently in each direction) ... burying mainframe
CPU as well as I/O capability.

HIPPI channel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIPPI
Fibre Channel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

Disclaimer: In 1988 I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial
stuff they were playing with .... which quickly becomes FCS (including
some stuff I had done in 1980). Note that later, some mainframe
channel people become involved in FCS and define a heavy-weight
protocol (that drastically reduces the native throughput), that
eventually is announced as FICON.

Latest publish numbers is "peak I/O" benchmark for z196 that got 2M
IOPS using 104 FICON (running over FCS) ... this was at the time when
a FCS was announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two
such FCS having higher throughput than 104 FICON).

posts referencing FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

past wide disk head posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#57 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#60 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#103 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#58 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#9 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#54 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#60 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#88 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#80 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#95 Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#19 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#111 Didn't we have this some time ago on some SLED disks? Multi-actuator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#12 3390 teardown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#17 3390 teardown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#33 IBM Disks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Date: 05 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#57 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

Original TCP/IP mainframe product was implemented in VS/PASCAL ... and
communication group fought hard to prevent its release ... and when
lost, claimed that it was a communication product and had to be done
through them. Released product got 40kbytes/sec throughput using
nearly whole 3090 processor. I then did the enhancements for RFC1044
and some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray got
sustained channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341
processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per
instruction executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic .com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Sometime later communication group hired a silicon valley contractor
to implement TCP/IP support in VTAM. When he first demo'ed it, TCP/IP
had significantly higher throughput than LU6.2. He was then told that
everybody knows that LU6.2 has significantly higher throughput than a
"correct" TCP/IP implementation, and they would only be paying for a
"correct" implementation.

past posts mentioning "correct" TCP/IP implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#19 Vnet : Unbelievable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#13 Barbaras (mini-)rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#8 whiny question: Why won't z/OS support the HMC 3270 emulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#45 Are there tasks that don't play by WLM's rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#50 Running REXX program in a batch job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#0 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#29 TCP/IP Available on MVS When?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#23 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#17 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#66 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#17 OSI: The Internet That Wasn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#54 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#42 20 Things Incoming College Freshmen Will Never Understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#91 IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#43 All is Lost At IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#38 CMS style XMITMSG for Unix and other platforms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Grant (& Conkling)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Grant (& Conkling)
Date: 06 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

Grant (& Conkling)
https://www.amazon.com/Grant-Ron-Chernow-ebook/dp/B06W2J89PV/
pg970/loc16891-95:

Of all the Stalwarts with whom Grant forged an alliance, perhaps the
most improbable was Roscoe Conkling, a foe of civil service
reform. Born in Albany, Conkling had trained as a lawyer and served as
mayor of Utica before being elected to the House in 1858 and the
Senate in 1867. Grant made peace with Conkling at a time when New
York's large block of electoral votes was critical to winning national
elections. Tall and handsome with a theatrical air, Conkling was a
strutting peacock with foppish curls.

pg970/loc16900-16907:

Despite his superior manner, Conkling's political acumen made him a
useful mentor for Grant, who detected virtues in Conkling that escaped
others, regarding him "as the greatest mind . . . that has been in
public life since the beginning of the government." 30 Hamilton Fish
understood the attraction, saying Conkling's advice to Grant was
always smart, if distinctly partisan. 31 The journalist John Russell
Young noted how Conkling and Grant grew strangely enamored of each
other: "For Conkling Grant has a romantic affection, and this was
returned by Conkling in a manner almost womanly, which was curious
considering his imperious, high-toned, impetuous, yet noble
character." 32 Grant's son Jesse echoed this assessment: "Conkling and
my father loved each other."

... snip ...

The War Lovers: Roosevelt, Lodge, Hearst, and the Rush to Empire, 1898
https://www.amazon.com/War-Lovers-Roosevelt-Hearst-Empire-ebook/dp/B00351DSG4/
pg26/loc281-85:

In 1878, in the winter of Theodore's sophomore year at Harvard, his
father died. The cause was metastatic colon cancer, but in Roosevelt's
mind his father had been fatally weakened by a foray into the
treacherous world of politics. A would-be reformer, Theodore Senior
was appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes to clean up the corrupt
Customs House of New York, but he was thwarted and publicly
embarrassed by the machine of Roscoe "Boss" Conkling and made to
appear a naive pawn in a game played by political professionals.

... snip ...

The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt
https://www.amazon.com/Rise-Theodore-Roosevelt-Book-ebook/dp/B004DEPH3E/
pg69/loc1772-77:

Theodore Senior, who had himself just turned forty-six, was as
politically naive as his son. He assumed at first that the
Collectorship was a reward for distinguished services to New York
City, but disillusionment came rapidly. President Hayes, it turned
out, had chosen him merely as a symbol of the Administration's
commitment to Civil Service Reform. By elevating this decent and
incorruptible man up to public office, Hayes hoped to embarrass
Senator Roscoe Conkling, boss of the corrupt New York State Republican
machine, who was demanding the reappointment of Chester A. Arthur as
Collector. The fact that Arthur was himself decent and incorruptible
only increased the savagery of the resultant battle for Senate
confirmation. Roosevelt lay helpless as a pawn between the clashing
forces of Old Guard "Spoils-men" and Reform Republicans.

... snip ...

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:

IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close
confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of
the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like
his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to
equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision
of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of
life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to
any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws,"
Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business
corporations too.

pgxiii/loc50-53:

Laws that referred to "persons" have "by long and constant acceptance
. . . been held to embrace artificial persons as well as natural
persons," Conkling explained. This long-standing practice was well
known to "the men who framed, the Congress which proposed, and the
people who through their Legislatures ratified the Fourteenth
Amendment."

pgxiii/loc53-56:

Conkling's claim was remarkable. The Fourteenth Amendment had been
adopted after the Civil War to guarantee the rights of the freed
slaves, not to protect corporations. Conkling, however, had unusual
credibility with the justices. For two decades, he had been the leader
of the Republican Party in Congress and was often said to be the most
powerful man in Washington. He had twice been nominated to the Supreme
Court himself, most recently in the spring of the same year he
appeared on behalf of the Southern Pacific Railroad.

pgxiv/loc67-69:

There was just one small problem with Conkling's account of the
drafting of the Fourteenth Amendment: it was not true. The drafters of
the Fourteenth Amendment did not try to secret into the Constitution
broad new protections for corporations, nor was the wording of the
amendment ever altered in the way Conkling suggested.

... snip ...

'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/03/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/

More railroaded (from Grant) pg988/loc17345-54:

That the stain of corruption in Washington spread beyond Grant's
cabinet was confirmed right before the election when the New York Sun,
exposing "The Kings of Frauds," uncovered the electrifying Crédit
Mobilier scandal, which involved the building of the transcontinental
railroad. During the Johnson administration, the Union Pacific
Railroad had set up a dummy construction company, Crédit Mobilier,
with the same executives as the parent railroad. The directors of
Crédit Mobilier awarded themselves lavish salaries, all covered by
government payments that far exceeded the actual cost of constructing
the railroad. As Charles Francis Adams Jr. explained: "They receive
money into one hand as a corporation, and pay it out into the other as
a contractor." 140 Attaching fellow legislators to the swindle,
Massachusetts congressman Oakes Ames had distributed Crédit Mobilier
stock to them at knockdown prices. After the story broke, Congress
instituted an investigation in December 1872 that tainted House
Speaker James G. Blaine, Congressman James Garfield, and Grant's
current and future vice presidents, Schuyler Colfax and Henry Wilson.

... snip ...

Railroad hyperbole echoes all the way down to the dot-com frenzy
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U

posts mentioning "How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#54 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#46 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#58 We must stop bad bosses using migrant labour to drive down wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#95 More Immigration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#113 The Supreme Court Is Headed Back to the 19th Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism

posts mentioning Railroaded &/or other posts mentioning Conkling:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Employees Come First

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Employees Come First
Date: 06 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#12 Employees Come First

more/repeat Boyd from upthread

When he was instructor at Nellis, he was considered possibly best
fighter pilot in world. When he passed, he had been pretty much
disowned by the USAF and it was the Marines at Arlington (1990,
commandant leveraged Boyd for make-over of the Corps) and all his
effects went to Quantico ... so it was somewhat surprising they later
dedicate Boyd hall at Nellis.

we still have had conferences at Quantico and facebook discussion
groups about military strategy and what is wrong. A recent work, A New
Concept of War, John Boyd, the U.S. Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167

Written by a Boyd acolyte, graduate of the 1st USAF academy class and
on fast track to general, when he says Boyd destroys his career by
challenging him to do what is right, forced to retire early and the
"bad guys" rewarded
https://www.amazon.com/Pentagon-Wars-Reformers-Challenge-Guard-ebook/dp/B00HXY969W/
HBO dramatizes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
NYT article: Corrupt from top to bottom
https://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/03/books/corrupt-from-top-to-bottom.html
"there is little that the military-industrial complex won't do in
pursuit of profit". Gun Seller is novel by Hugh Laurie (TV's "House")
... is about the subject, measures that the MIC will go to and also
mentions Boyd and OODA-loop
https://www.amazon.com/Gun-Seller-Hugh-Laurie-ebook/dp/B000SEGK0M/
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
and
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm
Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

from dedication of Boyd Hall, sort of equivalent to IBM's wild ducks:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question.

... snip ...

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

"wild duck" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#38 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#25 sizeof() was: The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#18 IT full of 'ducks'? Declare open season
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#30 IBM Centennial Film: Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#1 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#45 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#93 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#105 5 ways to keep your rockstar employees happy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#121 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#3 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#7 Leadership Trends and Realities: What Does Leadership Look Like Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#26 Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#24 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#26 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#31 History--punched card transmission over telegraph lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#65 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#12 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#72 In Command, but Out Of Control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#3 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#4 Inside the Box People don't actually like creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#68 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#52 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#97 Where does the term Wild Duck come from?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#98 How to groom a leader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#52 First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#53 Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#8 Microsoft culture must change, chairman says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#65 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#80 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#17 There's No Such Thing as Corporate DNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#14 Leaked IBM email says cutting 'redundant' jobs is a 'permanent and ongoing' part of its business model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#96 IBM Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#56 Wild Ducks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#93 An OODA-loop is a far-from-equilibrium, non-linear system with feedback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#33 Cluster Systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

instruction clock speed

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: instruction clock speed
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Mar 2019 15:21:32 -0800

charlesm@MCN.ORG (Charles Mills) writes:

It is not possible now. A single instruction may literally add no time at
all to some instruction sequence.

My imperfect model is that main storage is the new disk. Figure that
instructions take no time at all and memory accesses take forever.

I go even further ... that the current latency to access memory in
processor cycles is compareable to 60s letency to access disk in 60s
processor cycles (on cache miss).

A few decades ago, RISC started doing multi-stage pipeline, concurrent
execution (with multiple execution units), out-of-order execution,
branch prediction speculative execution, hyperthreading, etc ... in part
for offsetting cache misses and inceasing memory access latency (sort of
equivalent to 60s software multitasking ... but in the hardware
processor).

The poster child has been 360/195 & 370/195 that did pipeline with
out-of-order execution ... but no branch prediction and speculative
execution. I got roped into project to hyperthread 195 (that never
shipped). Conditional branches drained the pipeline .... most
codes only ran 370/195 at half speed .... because of the stalls
associated with conditional branches in most codes, throughput
was cut in half.

The idea was that simulating two processor (hyperthread) ... each
running at half speed, it would achieve full throughput. This is
discussion about the end of ACS/360 (executives were afraid that it
would advance of the computer state-of-the-art too fast and IBM would
loose control of the market) "Sidebar: Multithreading" towards the
bottom of the page ... followed by ACS/360 features that show
up in ES/9000 some 20-odd years later.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Two decades ago, the Intel processors started decomposing Intel
instructions into risc micro-ops for actual decoding ... which largely
negated the difference between Intel & risc throughput.

IBM says that about half the throughput increase from (mainframe) z10
to z196 processors was starting to introduce things like (risc-like)
out-of-order execution.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

instruction clock speed

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: instruction clock speed
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Mar 2019 19:11:48 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#62 instruction clock speed

if you want to look at other various ... Jan1979, I was con'ed into
doing benchmarks on engineering 4341 for national lab that was looking
at getting seventy for a compute farm (sort of leading edge of coming
cluster supercomputing tsunami).

in the wake of Future System failure, the was mad rush to get
products back into 370 pipeline (internal politics had been
shutting down 370 efforts) and 3033 (168-3 logic mapped to
20% faster chips) and 3081 were kicked off in parallel. some
history
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

they took 158 engine w/o the 370 microcode and just the integrated
channel microcode for the 303x (external) channel director. then the
3031 is a 158 engine with just the 370 microcode (no integrated channel
microcode) and a 2nd 158 engine with the integrated channel microcode
(and no 370 microcode). A 3032 is 168-3 configured to
use channel director for external channels ... and 3033 is 168-3 logic
remapped to 20% faster chips.

158   45.54 secs
3031  37.03 secs
4341  36.21 secs
168-3  9.1  secs
91     6.77 secs

and real historic cdc6600 35.77 secs

158-3 (158 engine running both 370 and integrated channel microcode) was
45.54 secs compared to 3031 (that was two 158 engines, one for 370 mcode
only and one for channels mcode only) was 37.03 secs.

misc. old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

23june1969 unbundling

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 23june1969 unbundling
Date: 10 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

23June1969 unbundling starting to charge for SE services, maintenance,
(application) software (managed to make case that kernel software
should still be free). SE training had been sort of apprentice program
with large group of SEs at customer site. After unbundling, couldn't
figure out how not to charge for apparentice SEs ... which was major
motivation for the original HONE program. CP67 datacenters with branch
office online access practice running guest (os/360) virtual machines.

However, science center had also ported APL\360 to CP67/CMS for
CMS\APL and they started doing a lot of APL-based sales&marketing
support applications. Eventually the branch online sales&marketing
APL-based applications came to dominate all HONE activity and the
guest virtual machine use just withers away.

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

23june1969 unbundling

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 23june1969 unbundling
Date: 10 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#64 23june1969 unbundling

more 23june1969 unbundling
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM#1969:_Antitrust,_the_Unbundling_of_software_and_services

At the time, the unbundling of services was perhaps the most
contentious point, involving antitrust issues that had recently been
widely debated in the press and the courts. However, IBM's unbundling
of software had long-term impact. After the unbundling, IBM software
was divided into two main categories: System Control Programming
(SCP), which remained free to customers, and Program Products (PP),
which were charged for. This transformed the customer's value
proposition for computer solutions, giving a significant monetary
value to something that had hitherto essentially been free. This
helped enable the creation of a software industry.[151][152]

Similarly, IBM services were divided into two categories: general
information, which remained free and provided at the discretion of
IBM, and on-the-job assistance and training of customer personnel,
which were subject to a separate charge and were open to non-IBM
customers. This decision vastly expanded the market for independent
computing services companies.

... snip ...

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundling

So Future System project in the first part of 70s major motivation was
countermeasure to clone controllers (& completely different than
360/370). Internal politics was killing of 370 efforts (since FS would
replace all 370s) ... but the lack of 370 products during this period
is credited with giving the clone processors a market foothold. The
rise of clone processor in the mid-70s, then can be considered
motivation for decision for starting to charge for kernel/SCP
software.

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

trivia1: I had done a lot of changes to IBM software as undergraduate
in the 60s ... both to OS/360 and CP67 (lots of CP67 enhancements
shipped in product). In the morph from CP67 to VM/370 a lot of stuff
was dropped and/or greatly simplified. After the death of FS, there
was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline, which was
likely responsible for picking up a lot of stuff that I had been doing
for internal datacenters for product release. Part of which was
decided to package as the "resource manager" and was selected as the
guinea pig for starting to charge for SCP software.

resource manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

trivia2: CP67 delivered to univ had 1052 & 2741 terminal support
(including automatic terminal identification, switching line/port
scanner type using controller SAD CCW). Univ. had some number of
TTY/ASCII terminals, and I had to add TTY terminal support, including
extending auto terminal identification to TTY. I then wanted to do
single dial-in number "hunt group" for all terminals, which didn't
quite work since IBM took short cut and hard wired terminal line speed
to each port (even though could switch scanner type). This somewhat
motivated univ. to start clone controller poject, doing 360 channel
interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller
... but adding automatic line speed. This gets enhanced to Interdata/4
for the channel interface and cluster of Interdata/3s for line/port
interfaces. Interdata (and later Perkin-Elmer) market this as clone
controller and four of us get written up for (some part of) clone
controller business.

clone controller posts
http:///www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

clone controllers motivate "Future System" which gives rise to clone
processors which motivates change to charge for SCP software, and my
"resource manager" is 1st guinea pig.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Token-Ring

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Token-Ring
Date: 10 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

The new Almaden Research was heavily provisioned with CAT5 assuming
16mbit T/R. However they found that running ethernet over the same
CAT5 had higher aggregate LAN throughput as well as lower latency.

The other problem was that communication group was trying to enforce
the dumb terminal paradigm and the $900 microchannel 16mbit T/R card
(design point was 300+ stations all sharing common 16mbit T/R doing
dumb terminal protocol) ... had lower per card throughput than $69
ethernet card (could get 8+mbit/sec). AWD had done their own 4mbit T/R
card for the PC/RT ... but were forced to use all standard PS2
microchannel cards for the RS/6000. Even the PC/RT 4mbit T/R card had
higher per card throughput than the microchannel 16mbit T/R
card. Claim that if RS/6000 was forced into being limited to only PS2
microchannel cards, it wouldn't run (most things) any faster than
PS2. As work around corporate mandates, AWD eventually came out with
RS/6000 730 ... that had VMEbus ... and then was able to use industry
standard high performance workstation cards.

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess
Date: 10 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

In 1999, I was asked to help try and stop the coming economic mess (we
failed, some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L
crises, were then running Internet IPO mills, invest a few million,
hype, IPO, get few billion, need to fail so field is open for the next
round IPO, were then predicted to get into securitized
mortgages). Then in Jan2009 (decade later), I was asked to HTML'ze the
Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in jail
terms) with lots of HREFs, and URLs between what happened this time
and what happened then (comment that the new congress might have
appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile (recent facebook
memories where I posted progress 10yrs ago) ... but then get a call
that it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous mountains
of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill, all but possibly 2-3
members of congress corrupt),

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

CP67 financial trivia: in the 60s, the two online science center
online CP67 spinoffs fairly quickly moved up the value stream offering
services&data for the financial industry (although none quite
spreadsheet). science center did port of apl\360 to cp67/cms as
cms\apl ... opening up to real world applications, opening workspace
size to virtual address space (rather than typical apl\360 16kbytes)
and API for system services (like file i/o) ... had to rewrite apl\360
storage management since it would page thrash in large virtual address
space. science center also allowed other IBM locations to use the
science center cp67/cms system. One was the Armonk business planning
people that loaded the highest security IBM data (detailed customer
data) and used CMS\APL for doing business modeling. We did have to
demonstrate strong security since the science center system also
provided online access to staff, professors, and students at
institutions of higher learning in Boston/Cambridge area. Possibly as
a result, about that time IBM got a new CSO (formally gov. employee,
had been head of presidential detail), and I got asked to run around
with him and talk about computer security.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

23june1969 unbundling

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 23june1969 unbundling
Date: 10 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#64 23june1969 unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#65 23june1969 unbundling

Other HONE trivia; there were originally multiple US HONE datacenters
... eventually consolidated in single datacenters in Palo Alto in the
mid-70s (with clones spouting up all over the world). After joining
IBM, one of my hobbies was production enhanced operating systems for
internal datacenters ... and HONE was long time customer. Most
frequently visited east coast at 1133 and west coast on Wilshire
(before consolidation in Palo Alto) ... and also asked to go to Paris
for new install at La Defense when EMEA hdqtrs was moved from NY to
Paris.

HONE (&/or APL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Even with US HONE processors expanding rapidly in the 70s, eventually
eight high-end 2-processor POK machines (168-3, and upgrading) in the
largest loosely-coupled single-system image with load-balancing and
fall-over sharing large disk farm (capability not released to
customers until some 30yrs later) ... to provide additional processing
for the field ... also had DEMOPKG and DEMO systems going into each
region center ... and then the "IC" systems started rapidly sprouting
up all over the landscape.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

One of the reasons that internet initially exceeded number of internal
network nodes in the 80s, was workstations & increasingly PCs showing
up as TCP/IP nodes ... while internally the communication group was
fiercely fighting off client/server and internal workstations & PCs
being limited to 3270 terminal emulation.

Also playing factor around the middle-80s, communication group was
spreading misinformation about the need to convert the internal
network to SNA/VTAM ... which further precluded being able to make
IBM/PC full network nodes. It would have been enormously better to
have moved the internal network to TCP/IP ... like the corporate
sponsored university BITNET did for BITNET2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

trivia: for a time, BITNET also was larger than INTERNET (besides the
internal network larger than INTERNET).

bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Digital Planes

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Digital Planes
Newsgroups: uk.radio.amateur, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 10 Mar 2019 21:26:04 -0700

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

The autopilot per se is not safety-critical--if it goes bust the pilot
can turn it off.  But when the aircraft uses fly-by-wire flight
controls the computer going bust means that the pilot has no way to
move the control surfaces.

early 747 autopilot touch down within 6ft and repeated hammering of
same tarmac location was starting to crack/break ... they eventually
start radomizing glide slope to vary touch down on tarmac.

I've periodically mentioned Boyd (introduced in early 80s, and would
sponsor his briefings at IBM Research) redid f15 design, cutting
weight in half and eliminating swing-wing. The elimination of F15
swing-wing was big part of cutting weight ... similar to what Boeing
had done in its passenger supersonic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_2707
then for YF16 (becomes F16), did unstable/relaxed design (more
efficient)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxed_stability but humans don't have
reaction and requires fly-by-wire to maintain
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire
History Of The F-16 Fighting Falcon
http://www.codeonemagazine.com/article.html?item_id=23

But the fundamental strengths of the original design remain. At the
heart of every Fighting Falcon is the lightweight fighter concept
championed by Col. John Boyd and the other members of what came to be
known as the Lightweight Fighter Mafia in the US Air Force and
Department of Defense. This group favored simple and small fighter
designs that could change direction and speed faster than their
potential adversaries -- designs that were harder to detect; designs
that were inexpensive to produce, operate, and maintain. The Fighter
Mafia advocated using technology to increase effectiveness or reduce
cost. They went so far as to question and thoroughly analyze the basic
assumptions of how fighters were judged and compared.

...

Fly-by-wire flight controls improved response time and replaced heavy
hydro-mechanical systems with lighter and smaller electronic
systems. Relaxed static stability, made possible by the fly-by-wire
system, greatly enhanced agility and stability. A side-mounted
throttle and stick, head-up display, thirty-degree seat back angle,
hands-on controls, and bubble canopy improved the pilot's g-tolerance
and situational awareness.

... snip ...

Boyd complained that when heads-up display originally added to F16, it
hurt pilot's performance (rather than helped) ... it was just scrolling
digital numbers ... pilot trying to convert scrolling digital numbers to
information was hindering performance more than helping.

Some of the people then would accuse Boyd of being luddite for
criticizing "heads-up" display ... w/o understanding what he was talking
about ... i.e. when Boyd was instructor at Nellis he was considered
possible best fighter pilot ... known as "40 sec" Boyd ... he had open
challenge to all fighter pilots ... he would put them on his tail and
bet he could reverse the position within 40sec ... he never lost ...
always doing it in 20secs or less. Asked why he made the bet 40sec ...
it was in case if there was anybody in the world almost as good as he
was.

Boyd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
E/M
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy-Maneuverability_theory

Boyd, a U.S. jet fighter pilot in the Korean War, began developing the
theory in the early 1960s. He teamed with mathematician Thomas Christie
at Eglin Air Force Base to use the base's high-speed computer to compare
the performance envelopes of U.S. and Soviet aircraft from the Korean
and Vietnam Wars. They completed a two-volume report on their studies in
1964. Energy Maneuverability came to be accepted within the U.S. Air
Force and brought about improvements in the requirements for the F-15
Eagle and later the F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters.[2]

... snip ...

OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_Loop

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CICS Product 50 Years Old

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: CICS Product 50 Years Old
Date: 11 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

I took 2hr semester intro to computers/fortran and within year got
hired fulltime supporting mainframe academic and administration
system. Univ. library got ONR (office naval research) grant to do
online catalog, part of the money was used to get a 2321 datacell. It
was also selected to be betatest for the original CICS product ... and
I got tasked with debugging it. One particular I remember was original
implementation at customer had apparently hard coded undocumented
specific BDAM operations and the library had configured different BDAM
options (which took awhile for me to figure out). 50yrs ago. Lots of
CICS, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm
http://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/http://www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm

CICS &/or BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Family of Secrets

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Family of Secrets
Date: 11 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets

Election Watchdog Hits Jeb Bush's Super-PAC With Massive Fine for
Taking Money From Foreign Nationals; Neil Bush, Jeb's brother, was
caught asking a Chinese businessman for money.
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2019/03/jeb-bush-super-pac-fec-fine-neil-right-to-rise-apic-gordon-tang/

... also (back to the 80s), VP and former CIA director repeatedly
claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family (Neil)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another (Jeb)
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president
and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L
crises.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Token-Ring

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Token-Ring
Date: 11 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#66 Token-Ring

Standard (TCP/IP) installations would add TCP/IP routers (available
with few hundred mbit backplane) to limit number of stations sharing
common LAN bandwidth long before collisions dropped effective LAN
throughput below 16mbit T/R. ... late 80s comparison (similar to the
customer executive presentations we were making)

microchannel 16mbit t/r card @$900 (less per card thruput than PC/RT
4mbit TR)

500 * $900 = $450,000

aggregate LAN configuration a couple megabits
2mbit/500 = avg 4kbit/station (& about $250,000/mbit)
max. card burst 1mbit

ethernet card @$69 (>8mbit per card thruput)

500 * $69 = $34,500 + $40,000 router w/16 LAN interfaces = $74,500 total

aggregate LAN configuration 16*8mbit=128mbits (& about $582/mbit)
8mbit LAN/30 = avg 266kbit/station (over 50 times T/R)
max. card burst 8mbit

Upgrade to $80,000 (total $114,500 compared to $450,000 T/R), a router
with 16 ethernet LAN interfaces, a couple 100mbit FDDI interfaces for
servers, and a IBM channel interface.

Initial mainframe TCP/IP support from communication group got
40kbyte/sec throughput using nearly whole 3090 processor. I added
RFC1044 support and got sustained channel thruput using only modest
amount of 4341 CPU (i.e. 1mbyte/sec, say about same as SUN server with
dedicated enet LAN into router with 10-20 other LAN interfaces)

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
801/risc, iliad, romp, pc/rt, rios, rs/6000, power, power/pc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

other past posts mentioning pc/rt 4mbit t/r card compared to PS2
microchannel 16mbit t/r card (used by rs/6000)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#9 IBM MIcrochannel??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#59 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#12 practical applications for synchronous and asynchronous communication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#20 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#21 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#38 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#50 Channel Distances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#35 Token-ring vs Ethernet - 10 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#36 Token-ring vs Ethernet - 10 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#81 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#21 MAINFRAME Training with IBM Certification and JOB GUARANTEE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#37 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#64 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#15 SNA: conflicting opinions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#16 WSJ.com - IBM Puts Executive on Leave
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#15 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#66 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#67 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#23 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#34 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#63 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#4 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#57 So why doesn't the mainstream IT press seem to get the IBM mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#34 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#0 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#64 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#60 Speed matters: how Ethernet went from 3Mbps to 100Gbps... and beyond
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#35 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#90 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#50 Hello?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#61 "25 Years of IBM's OS/2"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#37 Hard drives: A bit of progress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#70 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#40 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#9 3270s & other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#32 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#84 Metcalfe's Law: How Ethernet Beat IBM and Changed the World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#5 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#19 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#79 wtf ? - was Catalog system for Unix et al
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#88 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#37 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#128 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#34 30 yr old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#41 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#108 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#83 opinion? Fujitsu USA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#15 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#85 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#21 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#29 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#111 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#73 Mannix "computer in a briefcase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#15 The complete history of the IBM PC, part two: The DOS empire strikes; The real victor was Microsoft, which built an empire on the back of a shadily acquired MS-DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#113 IBM PS2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#36 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#15 THE IBM PC THAT BROKE IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#24 8088 and 68k, where it went wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#28 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#103 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#25 LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#109 IBM Token-Ring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#54 IBM bureaucracy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Backwards compatibility

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Backwards compatibility
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 09:28:21 -0700

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Another thing is that the Burroughs machines of the 1960s could do a *lot* of
things current hardware can't do. That's because they ran at a higher level
than conventional computers. Data was tagged with its type, arrays had
descriptors, all in the hardware.

This had overhead. The microprocessors in the computer on your desktop are,
architecturally, a lot like a 360/195. (Admittedly, the closest match is the
Pentium II; today's machines have OoO integer pipelines too.)

370/195 trivia: early 70s, I got sucked into effort to hyperthread 195
(which never ships). ... this mentions multithreaded here
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

195 didn't have branch prediction and speculative execution ... so
conditional branches drained pipeline ... and unless carefully tuned,
most codes ran at half 195 speed. doing two instruction streams
simulating two processors ... each running at half speed would
get full 195 throughput.

SMP, compare&swap (&/or hyperthread) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 10:40:38 -0700

21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's
30th birthday
https://www.fastcompany.com/90318769/21-ways-to-celebrate-the-world-wide-webs-30th-birthday

First webserver in the US on the SLAC VM370 system:
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

GML invented at the IBM cambridge science center in 1969, decade later
morphs into ISO standard SGML, after another decade morphs into HTML at
CERN, ref
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML, SGML, HTML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

recent early arpanet post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#57 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

internal network larger than arpanet/internet from just about the
beginning until sometime mid-80s ... internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In 80s, I got sucked in the XTP technical advisory board
.... transaction protocol that provided minimum 3 packet exchange for
reliable delivery (compared to minimum 5 packet exchange for VMTP and
minimum 7 packet exchange for TCP). Did lots of other features ... at
one point took it to ANSI X3S3.3 for standardization. Was told that
ISO rules required that they could only standardize portocols that
conformed to OSI model and XTP violated OSI model because 1) supported
internetworking (not defined in OSI), 2) bypased transport/network
interface layer, and 3) went directly from transport to LAN MAC (not
defined in OSI, sits approx. in middle of network layer).

Part of motivation for X3S3.3 was various gov. operations wanted to
use it (including Navy for SAFENET) and GOSIP was mandating that
TCP/IP be eliminated and everything be moved to ISO standard.

XTP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

We were doing IBM's HA/CMP working with RDBMS vendors on cluster
scaleup (128-way RS/6000). Early 1992, cluster scaleup was
transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer, and we were told we
couldn't work on anything with more than four processors, we leave a
few months later. Later two of the people we had been working with at
Oracle show up at small client/server startup responsible for
something they called "commerce server". We are brought in as
consultants because they want to do payment transatcions on the
server, the startup had also invented this technology they called
"SSL", the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

One of the issues was that HTTP&HTTPS had chosen TCP for atomic
transaction and TCP had this thing called FINWAIT as part of catching
dangling packets after session close (HTTP atomic, minimum 7packet
TCP, seesion open, transmit data, session close). Assumption was that
sessions were long lived and there wold be few items on FINWAIT list
that was linearly scanned ... with HTTP/HTTPS, servers under
increasing load could be spending 95% of CPU scanning FINWAIT
list. The startup had eventually installed large SEQUENT server which
had redone the FINWAIT search some time before ... it took another six
months before other vendors starting shipping FINWAIT fixes. One of
the things for HTTPS was new TCP/IP stack required new physical media
distribution, system shutdown and manual system update. I've claimed
this gave HTTPS significant advantage of IPSEC (since HTTPS was part
of application distribution). I periodically tried to push XTP, but it
had similar issues facing IPSEC (versus HTTPS).

Starting in early 80s, I had program I called HSDT and was using
rate-based pacing from the start ... and I also wrote it into
XTP specification. About the same time, Van Jacobsen presented
slow-start at 1988 IETF meeting ... I would claim that slow-start
(instead of rate-based) was used because the platforms used by Van
Jacobsen had such poor timer support facilities. Also 1988, ACM
SIGCOMM had article showing in large heterogeneous multi-hop networks,
window based protocols (like slow-start) were non-stable (including
returning ACKs tended to bunch up, opening up multiple back-to-back
packet transmissions).

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday
Date: 13 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#74 21 random but totally appropriate ways to celebrate the World Wide Web's 30th birthday

Starting in early 80s, I had project I called HSDT that was doing T1
and faster speed links (both terrestrial and satellite). We were also
working with director of NSF and were suppose to get $20M to
interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#email860505
Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually
an RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Old
post with copy of 28Mar1986 preliminary announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
Internal politics prevent us from bidding, NSF Director tries to help
by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies),
but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments what
we already have running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
as regional network connect into the centers, it morphs into NSF
network backbone, precursor to modern internet.

while involved in NSF interconnect, was also involved in the precursor
to cluster scaleup, packing as many processor into racks as possible
with high-speed interconnect ... I get into conflict with YKT meeting
on cluster scaleup at the same time as meeting with NSF director
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email850315
other NSF old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

Gore was involved in getting congressional appropriations for NII, old
post about NIIT. Note that NII wanted vendors to provide gear for the
NII testbed for free. However, Singapore invited all the US NII
participants and paid them enough that it also covered their costs for
the US NII testbed.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#60

... old email about getting caught in schedule conflict so one of the
other vendors represented me at LLNL meeting and then came by my
office after the meeting to fill me in on what went on.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

within days of the above, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced
as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything
with more than four processors; we leave IBM a few months later.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#57 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#59 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many years ago?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many years ago?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 11:04:37 -0700

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

308x machines (I believe) used 370/158 CPUs (I believe) as maintenance and
I/O processors. The I/O processors ran special "channel" microcode, and I
think the maintenance processor ran modified VM.

IBM future system in first part of 70s was going to completely replace
370 (internal politics killing off 370 efforts, scarcity of new 370
products during FS period is credited with giving clone processor
makers, market foothold). When FS imploded, there was mad rush to get
370 products back into the pipeline; 303x & 308x (& 370xa) were kicked
off in parallel.

they took 158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode (and no
370 microcode) for the 303x (external) channel director. A 3031 was a
158 engine with 370 microcode (and no integrated channel microcode) and
a 2nd 158 engine (as channel director) with just the integrated channel
microcode. 3032 was 168-3 repackaged to use channel director as external
channels. 3033 was 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips. some more
history:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

when the 3033 was out the door, that group started on 3090/trout

IBM field maintenance used bootstrap diagnostic process ... scope
components that could then be used to diagnose other components.  With
308x and TCMs ... not longer had access to anything ... so resorted to
service processor ... was from the "UC" family (used for 37x5
communication controller, short lived 8100, etc) ... that had lots of
probes (preinstalled) in the TCMs (thermal conductive modules).  All the
service processor software had to be developed from scratch. A service
processor could be diagnosed/scoped ... and then used to diagnose 308x
TCMs. TCM reference
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV2137.html

I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern
social media on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from
just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in late 70s and early
80s (folklore is when corporate executive committee was told about
online computer conferencing and the internal network, 5of6 wanted to
fire me). A very active participate was manager of the service processor
for the 3090 ... which started out as 4331 running a highly customized
version of VM370 Release 6 (with lots of probes into 3090 TCMs and all
screens done in CMS IOS3270). It was possible to scope/diagnose 4331 and
then use the 4331 to diagnose the 3090. Before 3090 ships, the 4331 was
then upgraded to a pair of redundant 4361s (which weren't scopable, but
had two redundant).

Very early in (internal) REX/REXX (before announce and ship to
customers), I wanted to show it wasn't just another pretty scripting
language. I chose to redo large assembler IPCS (problem/dump analysis),
objective was to do rewrite in less than half time over 3months elapsed
time that was ten times the function and ten times the performance
(slight of hand to make intepreted REX/REXX faster than assembler).  I
finished early and thot it would ship to customers in place of the
existing version. For whatever reasons it didn't, even thog it was in
use by nearly every internal datacenters and customer support PSRs.  I
eventually got permissions to make presentations at user group meetings
on its implementation ... and within a few months, non-IBM versions
started to appear.

This is old email from 3092 (4361, modified VM370 release 6), 3090
service processor group about including my IPCS with 3092.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

Other 3092 trivia:
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

requires two 3370 FBA disks (one for each 4361) ... even for pure MVS
accounts ... which has never had fixed-block disk support ... always
required CKD disks .... even to this day, decades after the last real
CKD disk was made ... now all CKD are simulated on industry standard
fixed-block disks.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
online computer communication posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
DUMPRX  posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many years ago?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many years ago?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 11:53:03 -0700

tracymnelson writes:

When IBM was rolling out the 3083 series of mainframes, some sites
upgrading from a S/370 had the S/370 tasked as the disk controller for
a few weeks until the corresponding (3380?) storage controller was
available.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
other information
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

3081 was two processor machine ... and there was never (originally) any
intention of having single processor version.

3081 was frame with three boxes, bottom box was (24) channels, middle
box was processor 1 and top box was processor 0. 3084 was two 3081
boxes lashed together (for four processors).

problem was that ACP/TPF didn't have multiprocessor support (at the time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

and they were afraid that the whole ACP/TPF market would move to clone
processor makers ... which were bringing out newer single processor
machines. As a result they first did some software changes to VM370 to
improve ACP/TPF throughput in virtual machine running on 3081 (which had
significant degradation for all other VM370 customers running
multiprocessor) ... pending that they could start shipping a single
processor 3081 (3083). At first they just thot of removing the
processor1 box in the middle ... but that would have made the frame
dangerously top-heavy ... so they eventually had to do some amount of
rewiring to move processor0 box to the middle of the frame.

There are configurations where 308x channels could be connected into
multichannel 3830 disk controller (shared with existing 370s) ... to
have some disk access on existing 3330/3350 strings ... pending
installation of new 3880 disk controllers with new 3380 disks.

There was another ACP/TPF of interest. ACP had 70s special RPQ for 3830
disk controller to put logical locks (for multiple
loosley-coupled/cluster 370s sharing same disks via 3830 multi-channel
interfaces) ... sort of like the later vax/cluster ... much more
efficient than the traditional device reserve/release for
loosely-coupled operation (while ACP/TPF didn't tightly-coupled, SMP
multiprocessor support, it did have fairly sophisticated cluster
support). 3830 disk controller had four channel interfaces ... so ACP
lock RPQ would work for four system loosely-coupled configuration.

The problem was that corporate disk strategy was for string switch
... were a string of drives was connected to two separate controller,
each with four channel interfaces ... for up to eight systems in the
same loosely-coupled configurations ... however the ACP lcok RPQ only
worked for single controller and wouldn't work for two controllers
accessing the same string (forcing to fall back to the less efficient
device reserve/release).

little drift: when Charlie was working on CP67 fine-grain multiprocessor
locking for CP67 at the science center, he invented compare&swap (chosen
because CAS are charlie's initials). initial attempts by science center
to get compare&swap to 370 they were rebuffed (told that the POK
favorite son operating system people said that 360 test&set was more
than sufficient for multiprocessor operation). The 370 architecture
owner challenge was come up with compare&swap uses that weren't
multiprocessor specific. Thus was born the multithreaded application
examples (that still appear in mainframe principles of operation) that
are used regardless of running in single or multiple processor
environment (especially large DBMS subsystems).

When the internal US online sales&marketing support HONE datacenters
were consolidated in Palo Alto in the mid-70s (trivia: when facebook 1st
moved into silicon valley, it was into new bldg built next door to old
HONE datacenter, however current sat. photos show both bldgs gone), it
quickly grew to eight two-processor SMP loosely-coupled cluster systems
all sharing same disk farm (at the time largest single-system image with
load balancing and fall-over). W/o ACP locking RPQ ... and the
significant throughput penalty of device RESERVE/RELEASE ... came up
with a channel program equivalent to compare&swap instruction; aka do
search data equal and if succesful rewrite the record with new data.

other triva: from when I first joined IBM, one of my hobbies was
enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE
was long-time customer (by mid-70s, HONE clones, mostly singe
processors, were starting to sprout up all over the world).

SMP &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
HONE &/or APL posts
subtopic.html#hone
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

370 virtual memory

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 370 virtual memory
Date: 14 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

Big part of CICS attraction was that it gathered up lots of resources
at startup and then provided its own light-weight, superfast system
services, attempting to use as little of OS/360 bloated resources.

A IBM customer on ibm-main discussion group asked me if I could track
down virtual memory decision. Along the way, it was pointed out that
MVT storage management was so bad that a typical 1mbyte, 370/165 only
ran with four regions (each region four times larger than typically
used). Moving MVT to virtual memory would allow increasing the number
of regions by factor of four times (increasing throughput) with little
or no paging (i.e. large virtual address space would be
countermeasure to the terrible MVT storage management, only
needed real storage for that actual used). Old post with description
by somebody (who has since passed) directly involved:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

370/165 MVT example was then to add virtual memory to all
370s. However that hit a snag, 165 group came back that for 165 to
implement the full 370 virtual memory architecture it would delay the
announce by six months. Decision was then made to drop back to the 165
subset, and all the other platforms had to remove the dropped features
... and any software that had implementation for the full architecture
had to rewrite for just the 165 subset. There was also significant
hardware effort/cost to retrofit customer 165s as 370/165-II with
virtual memory.

Part of the issue was that I was complaining that large systems were
increasingly becoming I/O bound (and to fully utilize resources
required increasing multiple concurrent programming levels and/or
number of regions). By early 80s, I was claiming that disk relative
system throughput had declined by factor of ten times since the 60s
(disks got 3-5 faster, but machines had gotten 50 times faster). Some
GPD disk executive took exception to my claims and assigned the
division performance group to refute my claims. After a few weeks they
came back and essentially said I had understated the problem. This
report was then respun for SHARE presentation about how to optimize
disk configurations for throughput. old post with early 80s comparison
for throughput of 360/67 CP/67 with 3081 VM/370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31
old posts with pieces of (respun report for) SHARE presentation B874
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68

CICS &/or BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

Initially moving MVT was VS2/SVS ... basically MVT layed out in
16mbyte virtual address space ... not too different from MVT running
in 16mbyte virtual machine ... except a little bit of code moved into
MVT to build virtual page tables and handle page fault.

The biggest bit of software was adding channel program translation to
EXCP .... the issue was channel programs had been built by software
libraries running in (now virtual) application space and passed to
EXCP. However, channels required all the addresses to be real (and all
the CCWs passed to EXCP now had virtual addresses).

Turns out this is the same problem faced by CP/67 for virtual machine
SIO operation, make a copy of the channel programs replacing all
virtual addresses with real addresses. So they hack the CP/67 CCWTRANS
routine into the side of EXCP.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many years ago?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many years ago?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 18:19:43 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?

1980, STL is planning on moving 300 people from the IMS (DBMS) group to
offsite bldg, and I get con'ed into doing channel-extender support
... allowing local channel attached controllers at the offsite bldg.
The group had tried "remote" 3270 support, but found the human factors
totally unacceptable (up and running, they couldn't tell difference
between channel attached in STL and channel attached at offsite bldg).

The hardware vndor then tries to get IBM to let them ship my support,
but there are some guys in POK playing with some serial stuff and were
afraid that if it was in the field, it would make it more difficult to
justify releasing their stuff ... and get release vetoed.

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are
playing with which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard (including
some stuff that I had done in 1980).

The POK people finally get their stuff released in 1990 with ES/9000 as
ESCON, when it is already obsolete.

Part of the issue is half-duplex protocol with enormous amount of
back&forth chatter that keeps the channel busy ... protocol chatter
latency taking increasing blocking throughput as bandwidth increases.

FCS native I/O allows data streaming concurrently in both directions
(full-duplex) and I/O programs downloaded/streamed to device controllers
(any protocol chatter is purely local, rather than chatter latency over
fibre-channel serial).

Later POK engineers get involved in fibre-channel standard and defined
an extremely heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts the native
throughput, which eventually ships as FICON. Most recent publicized
numbers is "peak I/O" benchmark for z196 that used 104 FICON (over 104
fibre channel) to get 2M IOPS. At the same time there was fibre-channel
announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS
with more throughput than 104 FICON, running over 104 FCS).

The 3880 disk controller (replacing 3830) had extremely slow processor
for doing control operations and protocol chatter (with special hardware
bypass for 3mbyte/sec data transfer). The 3090 configured number of
channels for balanced throughput based on assumption that 3880
controller would be similar to 3830 but with 3mbyte/sec data transfer.
3090 group eventually finds out that the channel busy for 3880 protocol
chatter has enormously increased ... and to compensate for that enormous
increase in 3880 controller channel busy, they have to significantly
increase number of 3090 channels ... which requires an additional TCM
(expensive manufacturing item). Semi-facetious, the 3090 group said they
would charge off the cost of the additional (3090 channel) TCM to the
3880 controller group.

IBM marketing then respins the significant increase in number of channel
(for 3090) to give it much higher I/O capacity (when it really was to
offset the significant increase in channel busy from 3880 slow protocol
chatter).

channel.extender post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
posts referencing FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LUsers

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LUsers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 15:17:58 -0700

Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:

Russia had the biggest part comparing to what the Americans, British and
French had each.

3/4s of german military was against the russians & 2/3rds of japan
military was against china.  Roosevelt cut a deal with Russia that they
would enter the war against japan after defeat of germany (because US
didn't think they could win against japan w/o russian help). Then Russia
had 1.5M soldiers in Manchuria fighting 1M japanese ... compared to 600k
Americans at Okinawa fighting 76k Japanese.

McNamara had been LeMay's staff planning fire bombing german and then
japanese cities. Some references that Japan may have surrendered, not
because of the a-bombs, since they had already suffered more from the
fire bombing than the a-bombs ... but because Russia was about to
invade. McNamara then leaves for auto industry, but returns as SECDEF
for Vietnam where Laos becomes the most bombed country in the world
(more tonnage than dropped on Germany and Japan combined).

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#62 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#63 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#85 US vs German Armies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#17 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#43 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LUsers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LUsers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 17:04:35 -0700

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#80 LUsers

gets into proportion of Japan effort in China and Russian effort against
Germany
https://www.amazon.com/Wars-Asia-1911-1949-ebook/dp/B0096R1NZ4/

Milton Miles book ("A Different Kind of War") first half was about going
into china to setup coastal watchers but then spent much of the rest
training 50,000 guerrillas fighting the Japanese. He then spends the
last half of the book about how OSS (Donovan) and Army (Wedemeyer) gave
china to the communists. They came in and wanted to take over the whole
(nationalists) operation. The US Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them, so
to get something they could take credit for, they support the
communists.
https://www.amazon.com/different-kind-war-little-known-guerrilla/dp/B0007IYOFW/
https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Different_Kind_of_War.html?id=U4pBAAAAIAAJ

This covers a lot of Soviets in WW2, including
Manchuria (after Germans had been defeated) "free pdf"
https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-89-1/index.html
kindle
https://www.amazon.com/HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVES-OPERATIONAL-ART-ANTHOLOGY-ebook/dp/B0086W3GX2/

Marshall backs Wedemeyer & the Army, Wedemeyer testimony Dec 1947,
possibly realizes what was done wrong
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html
Marshall is SECSTATE (1947-1949) and State puts out white paper trying
to absolve State of blame for giving China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
https://thediplomat.com/2015/12/what-if-the-kuomingtang-had-won-the-chinese-civil-war/

There would have been no Korean war, no domino theory, no vietnam?

However, helping chinese communists may have been part of deal with
Stalin (to come in against Japan).

From the law of unintended consequences, As Japan was being pushed
backed, Chinese Army units that had been in occupied territory tried to
come over to the Nationalists, but was vetoed by US Army and so they
went over to Mao. Later it was these units that that were sent into
Korea to fight the US.

part of "red menace" mania furthered by the "equating capitalist with
Chistianity" propaganda (rewriting history, distraction and
misdirection) ... which contributes to adding "in god we trust" to money
and "under god" to the pledge of allegiance in the 50s.

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy,
industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster
Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell
quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not
just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric,
wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political
conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

Later 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at
NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad
reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved
a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
Date: 17 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUNm852We0o&feature=youtu.be

well, early to mid 70s, IBM had aggressive innovation (that included a
lot of fantasy) project called Future Systems, targeted as
countermeasure to competition ... Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars:
The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future
System" project ...

and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management,
F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from
the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

aka including demise of (previous CEOs) Watsons' "wild ducks"
innovators (akin to Boyd's "To be or to do"), I refused to be part of
the Future System effort, continued to do other things ... even
periodically ridiculing Future Systems efforts.

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In the late 70s and early 80s, I was also blamed for online computer
conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal
network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning
until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive
committee was told about online computer conferencing (300 fairly
active, but read possibly by 20,000) and the internal network, 5of6
wanted to fire me. Possibly part of what saved me was from the time I
first joined IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced production operating
systems for internal datacenters ... so parts of IBM ran on critical
systems I supplied (under the radar, happened w/o top executives even
being aware).

Also in the early 80s, I was introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor
his briefings at IBM.

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

IBM has long down hill slide and then gets a new CEO in the early 90s
to resurrect the company, but it is more about big business financial
engineering including (previously used)
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
The new CEO then shows up in DC, buying up government contractors &
beltway bandits (including company that will employ Snowden), hiring
prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource government to
their companies
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster.

... snip ...

just intelligence, 70% of budget and over half the people (including
Snowden)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
helping accelerate the rapid spreading success of failure culture,
lots more profit from series of failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

... besides the success of failure culture (to increase revenue), PE
companies are under heavy pressure to cut corners every way possible
to push money up to their PE owners ... PE companies that were doing
outsourced security clearances were found to be doing paper work but
not actually doing background investigations. Semi-facetious
conjecture did PE use wargaming to explore these alternative
strategies to increase revenue.

gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
pension posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#pension
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

We were peripherally involved, but didn't realize until the success
of failure articles. 2002, we get a call asking us if we would
respond to an unclassified BAA by IC-ARDA (since renamed IARPA) which
was about to close (that basically said that none of the tools they
had did the job). We get in the response and have some meetings
showing that we could do what was required ... and then nothing. We
initially wondered why the agency allowed the BAA to be released (if
they weren't going to do anything, possibly anticipating that nobody
would respond which would help damp down complaints). Disclaimer: I
don't have clearance, although agencies have used my software back to
my undergraduate days in the 60s.

Watch Thy Neighbor
https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/11/watch-thy-neighbor-nsa-security-spying-surveillance/
wiki pages:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinThread
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trailblazer_Project

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

old reference to agencies & IBM ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback
machine (I didn't know about them at the time)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

and Boyd references

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:

He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly
walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and
saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him
integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

and from dedication of Nellis (USAF weapons lab) Boyd Hall, 17Sep1999,
sort of equivalent to IBM's wild ducks:

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose
which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and
positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that
are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite
often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords
with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you
have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want
to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be
or to do, that is the question.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
Date: 17 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?

old "pentagon paper" like event: 370/145 were shipping with "XLATE" in
the rollers for PSW light bits on front console ... customers guessed
that it stood for translate or virtual memory. Copy of virtual memory
architecture document somehow found its way to industry
publication. There was then a "pentagon paper" type witch hunt for the
leak ... which I guess never found anything. However, as a result
... IBM retrofitted all company copying machines with machine
identification number under the glass (which would show up on all
copies made). More than decade later, this is example (still in
effect, copy I made of Gray's study of system availability, hardware
had gotten so reliable, that major outages were software,
environmental, people mistakes) each page tagged with IBM copying
machine id:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

Also apparently as a result, they decided to try and limit Future
System document to soft copy, documentation was only available on
highly modified vm370 systems, extreme security for restricted uses
and only work with specific restricted 3270 terminal (display only,
before terminal emulation). One weekend I have some (virtual memory)
test time in a machine room with such a system and went by Friday
afternoon to make sure every thing was set up. They started taunting
me that their system was so secure that if I was left in the machine
room alone all weekend that even I couldn't access the documents. So
it is the only time I succumb to such taunts ... I said less than five
minutes ... most of the time was disabling all (online) access to the
machine from outside the machine room ... and then I use the front
console to flip a single bit in storage (which results in nullifying
their carefully constructed security).

disclaimer: all during the Future System period I continued to work on
360/370 period ... and would periodically ridicule FS (which wasn't
exactly career enhancing activity) ... even claiming I already had
stuff running better than what they were proposing

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

in the past I've posted about industrial espionage and government
sueing a foreign clone maker; because they had approached.me, I had
3hr FBI interview ... I had put the approach off when I told them that
I had recently submitted draft revision for IBM Business Conduct
Guidelines ... because I didn't think they were strong enough (which I
had actually done). It was about original 370/xa specs (referred to as
811 for their nov1978 publication date) ... I had copies of all the
IBM confidential registered documents ... I wandered if somebody from
IBM security had leaked names of everyone with registered document

Aka ... registered documents have double lock process ... and IBM
security does periodic audits that they are still in your
possession... aka plant security will have names & inventory of
everybody with registered documents ar location

Mention less frequently is case where somebody left with detailed
specs for new unannounced disk to clone disk maker and IBM sued them
for a couple billion. Judge ruled that people couldn't be blamed for
walking off with something worth a couple billion just laying around
... had to demonstrate security proportional to value

Early 80s ... floating heads, 3370s FBA, 3380s. triva: I've posted
before about somebody was running "air bearing" (for floating heads)
simulation on SJR 370/195 ... but even with priority was only getting
a couple turn arounds a month. bldg. 15 (product test) had gotten the
first engineering 3033 (outside POK) ... and it was running one of my
systems (I had rewritten input/output supervisor to make it bullet
proof and never fail for bldg 14, disk development and bldg15, product
test ... enabling on-demand, multiple concurrent testing, greatly
improving productivity). Since disk testing only used a couple percent
cpu, setup private online service on 3033 with a spare string of 16
3330 drives. We got things setup so he could run simulation on
3033. Although 3033 had little less than half the processing
throughput of 195 ... he could still get several turn arounds a day
(instead a month).

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

posts mentioning IBM's Pentagon Paper like posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#15 internet preceeds Gore in office.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#55 X86 ultimate CISC? No. (was: Re: "all-out" vs less aggressive designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#15 Tweaking old computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#73 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#58 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#59 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#3a The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#4 Plug Your Data Leaks from the inside
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#24 Julian Assange - Hero or Villain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#25 Julian Assange - Hero or Villain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#27 Searching for John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#16 WikiLeaks' Wall Street Bombshell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#77 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#99 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#33 Historians:  The Paper Trail through History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#75 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#59 Crypto Facility performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#18 350 DBAs stare blankly when reminded super-users can pinch data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#102 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#87 These hackers warned the Internet would become a security disaster. Nobody listened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#87 How a few yellow dots burned the Intercept's NSA leaker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#74 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#75 Running unsupported is dangerous was Re: AW: Re: LE strikes again

"air bearing" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#39 195 was: Computer Typesetting Was: Movies with source code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#63 Help me find pics of a UNIVAC please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#74 They Got Mail: Not-So-Fond Farewells
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#51 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#52 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#69 Multics Concepts For the Contemporary Computing World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#20 360 Microde Floating Point Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#21 40th anniversary of IBM System/360 on 7 Apr 2004
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#15 harddisk in space
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#15 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#8 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#4 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#5 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#44 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#0 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#13 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#14 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#6 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#18 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#41 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#18 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#27 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#43 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#44 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#46 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#83 Disc Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#13 Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#64 Disc Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#52 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#77 Disk drive improvements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#60 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#9 Assembler Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#51 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#16 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOS or Windows, doesn't matter)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#57 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#60 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#63 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#87 Gee... I wonder if I qualify for "old geek"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#36 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#26 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#134 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#59 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#70 bubble memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#78 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#61 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#3 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#39 what is 3380 E?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#71 Software as a Replacement of Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#95 Hard Drives Started Out as Massive Machines That Were Rented by the Month
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#80 BYTE Magazine Pentomino Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#57 DASD Development
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 5100

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM 5100
Date: 17 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

in the  following, should be palo alto science center, not the los gatos lab
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_5100

s370/125 trivia: In the 60s as undergraduate I had done some work on
reduce CP67 kernel size for 256kbyte & 512kbyte 360/67 .... which was
one of the things that got lost in morph to vm370. A customer wanted
VM370 on 256kbyte 370/125 ... but it didn't quite boot. I got asked to
go into the customer (shipping company in NYC) and get it
working. Turns I could cut fixed storage kernel size about almost
1/3rd ... but the other problem was 115&125 had mis-implemented the
new CLCL & MVCL 370 instructions ... and the MVCL instruction was used
by the VM370 boot processor (used to clear storage and determine size
of real storage). I patched code to use some other instructions.

360 instructions prechecks starting and ending address of storage
locations and aborts instruction before starting if either ehave
problem. 370 was the same except for "long" instructions which were
supposed to be incrementally executed. VM370 set MVCL starting "to"
address and length of 16mbytes, and the from address with length of
zero bytes and pad character of zero. The MVCL instruction should have
cleared storage until it reached the end ... and which time it program
checks with the end of storage in the "to" address register. The
incorrect 370 115/125 implementation MVCL like 360, aborted the
execution before it starts (because the start plus length ending
address was invalid) instead of doing the (new) 370 ("long")
incremental execution.

Later I got asked to help with multiprocessor version of 125 (never
announced or shipped). Boeblingen gots hand slapped for doing 9
position memory bus ... 115 had all the microprocessors the same with
different microcode loads ... 370 simulation for one processor, and
controller microcode loads for the other processors. The 125 was same
as 115 except the microprocessor running 370 microcode load was 50%
faster. Would have 2-5 of the faster microprocessors with 370
microcode load ... and I did superset of what I was working on for the
138/148 ECPS microcode load ... ECPS reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

360/370 mcode posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#mcode
125 multiprocessor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce
smp &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

San Jose had done 8in diskette initially used for controller microcode
load ... which was then also used by several 370 models for "IMPL"
(initial microprogram load, *NOT* ICPL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_floppy_disk#The_8-inch_disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LUsers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LUsers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 10:22:55 -0700

Brian Reay <no.sp@m.com> writes:

You mean: The Russians spent decades screwing up their own country
under Communism then, when they realised their error and screwed up
changing it, still couldn't accept responsibility for THEIR mistakes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#80 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers

then there is Harvard was hired to send over people to teach
capitalism ... however those sent over were intent on capitalistic
looting ... which gave rise to Putin and their oligarchs ... as
<b>countermeasure</b> to our oligarchs (intent on looting Russia). "Is
Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the
soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on
looting the country. John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay,
Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read
an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every
Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no
confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace (gone 404, but lives on wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325154522/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com:80/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

I got drawn into plans on how to (i was somewhat on the periphery of this
part of discussions how to) deploy 5000 brick&morter banks (@$1M) around
the country as part of creating a democratic capitalist environment
... but that evaporates when the rest implodes with the capitalist
looting

Things had started out well (but went down hill after the looting
efforts) .... after wall fell there was extraordinary cooperation and
program to teach Russia about capitalism, From CSPAN, talks about
extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia military in the 90s,
25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-ac
Nunn-Lugar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nunn%E2%80%93Lugar_Cooperative_Threat_Reduction

capitalist looting has long history ... even predating banana republics

US version that started with "War Is a Racket" and "Economic Hitman"
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
also references Butler's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "perpetual war" (for the military-industrial complex)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

US version, more
https://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266
pg89/loc1598-1601:

I knew what none of them could possibly know, that the corporatocracy,
its band of EHMs, and the jackals waiting in the background would
never allow the little guys to gain control. I only had to draw upon
the examples of Arbenz and Mossadegh--and more recently, upon the 1973
CIA overthrow of Chile's democratically elected president, Salvador
Allende. In fact, I understood that the stranglehold of global empire
was growing stronger, despite OPEC--or, as I suspected at the time but
did not confirm until later, with OPEC's help.

pg217/loc3378-80:

However, by the late 1980s it was apparent that Saddam was not buying
into the EHM scenario. This was a major frustration and a great
embarrassment to the first Bush administration. Like Panama, Iraq
contributed to George H. W. Bush's wimp image. As Bush searched for a
way out, Saddam played into his hands.

... snip ...

EHM story is to convince countries to start massive infrastructure
projects predicting benefits far in excess of possible. Country gets
loans to pay for projects and companies skim massive profits. Country
can't keep up with payments. US gov goes in and helps them restructure
payments in return for special considerations.

and then last decade used it in the US: Confidence Men: Wall
Street, Washington, and the Education of a President.
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM
debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about
new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et
al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected,
but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail
accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those
institutions.

Confidence Men
https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=140594464

(US) economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
posts about fabricated WMDs used to justify IRAQ2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay.
Date: 18 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook

Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay.
https://publicintegrity.org/business/trumps-tax-law-threatens-charities-the-poor-will-pay/

some of them are little messes, some of them are big messes ... but
they accumulate and now it is enormous mess. 2008, national TV news
broadcast roundtable at annual economist conference ... calling for
flat rate taxes and elimination of (nearly) all deductions. The
scenario was that generations of special interest tax provisions has
resulted in tax code that costs 6% of GDP (going to flat rate tax and
no deductions), 3% lost to cost of dealing with the enormously complex
tax code (heavily laden with special exemptions) and 3% lost in
non-optimal business decisions to comply with tax code. Claim was that
gaining back 6% of GDP would more than offset the loss of any
"beneficial" tax provisions.

Campaigning against flat rate were tax preparing industry and Ireland
(relatively recent special tax exemptions that allowed corporations to
"off-shore" US profits to foreign tax havens). However it was noted
that legislature tax committee is one of the largest beneficiary of
$$$ from lobbyists and special industry ... major factor in congress
being called the most corrupt institution on earth ... so there would
be major resistance by congress to eliminate a major source of their
wealth.

Claim is that a major factor in public display of party conflict is
"kabuki theater" (little of what you see has anything to do with what
really goes on), one party threatening to eliminate special tax
provisions (big spike in contributions by special interests to both
parties to keep tax exemptions in place).

tax evasion, avoidance, fraud, havens, etc. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html##tax.evasion
kabuki theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LUsers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LUsers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 16:19:58 -0700

hancock4 writes:

In my opinion, McNamara was a war criminal for Vietnam:
1) He failed to understand the real political situation over there--
that the South Vietnamese govt was illegitimate.
2) He blindly accepted lies by commanders to keep their cushy
assignments, and that everything was going great.  He lied to
Johnson (who then lied to the American people).
3) He ramped up troops without any real plan.  He attempted to
fight a WW II style war which was totally unsuited to the political
and tactical environment.
4) He kept the war going long after it was clear it was fruitless.

(Let's be clear that the North Vietnamese and Communists over
there were brutal murderers and out for conquest.  However
that was not and shouldn't have become the U.S.' problem.)


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#80 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#85 LUsers

McMaster's 1997 book (Phd thesis), quite critical of Johnson, McNamara,
Westmoreland, body count, and whole counterinsurgency program (when
Johnson was asked what they were suppose to do in Vietnam, he
consistently replies, "kill more viet cong" ... also long litany of
Johnson & McNamara lying to congress).
https://www.amazon.com/Dereliction-Duty-Johnson-McNamara-Chiefs-ebook/dp/B004HW7834/

Doesn't get as far as Nixon's "treason" in manipulating peace talks to
improve his winning election (but does talk about Johnson lying about
vietnam and manipulating opinion to help him win election). From (then)
recently declassified info, basically advisers didn't see US could win
(wasn't military issue) ... but it would be worse position in world
opinion if didn't try.

There are random claims that early counterinsurgency was winning (by
special forces and others) ... but Westmoreland wanted regular Army
military actions.

Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat
Soup with a Knife
https://www.amazon.com/Counterinsurgency-Lessons-Malaya-Vietnam-Learning-ebook/dp/B000QECG20/

loc1628-30:

The American army's involvement in the Second Indochina War from 1950
to 1972 demonstrates the triumph of the institutional culture of an
organization over attempts at doctrinal innovation and the diminution
of the effectiveness of the organization at accomplishing national
objectives.

loc1631-33:

The concept that success in counterinsurgency consisted of separating
the insurgents from popular support never took root. The U.S. Army
proceeded with its historical role of destroying the enemy army-even
if it had a hard time finding it. The United States Army entered the
Vietnam War with a doctrine well suited to fighting conventional war
in Europe, but worse than useless for the counterinsurgency it was
about to combat.

loc1641-43:

The learning cycle was also ineffective in recognizing poor
performance, suggesting doctrinal innovation, gaining organizational
consensus behind new doctrine, and disseminating the changes
throughout the army in Vietnam. Although there was substantial
innovation from below, neither the personnel nor the organization of
the Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) and of its successor
organization, Military Assistance Command-Vietnam (MACV), was
conducive to counterinsurgency learning.

and loc2818-20:

Many of these innovations were, if useless, at least not harmful to
the achievement of American goals; the same can hardly be said for the
use of strategic B-52 bombers in a tactical close air support role,
which produced a vast number of civilian causalities and provided duds
(5 percent of the bombs failed to explode) for booby traps that killed
more than one thousand U.S. soldiers in 1966 alone

... snip ...

Landsdale after having conducted a succesful counterinsurgency in
Philippines was brought into Vietnam ... but was constantly hamstrung.

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in
Vietnam
https://www.amazon.com/Road-Not-Taken-Lansdale-American-ebook/dp/B073VXL9RV/
pg497/loc9038-42:

When Lodge heard about Lansdale's plans to stage a free election, he
launched into a lengthy diatribe about how he and Lyndon Johnson had
spent most of their lives rigging elections. "Get it across to the
press that they shouldn't apply higher standards here in Vietnam than
they do in the U.S.," he instructed aides. 30 One of Lodge's closest
aides believed that "Lansdale wanted the reality of elections, while
Lodge was convinced we needed only the appearance of a democracy in
order to do what we had to do. Which wasn't the same thing."

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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