List of Archived Posts

2017 Newsgroup Postings (09/09 - 10/13)

EasyLink email ad
Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
EasyLink email ad
EasyLink email ad
Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts
The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
EasyLink email ad
Merchants of Doubt
How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
EasyLink email ad
Would encryption have prevented known major breaches?
Destructive Stock Buybacks-That You Pay For
progress in e-mail, such as AOL
How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
Positioning the read pointer of a Windows file
The FTC says it's investigating the Equifax hack
Dotcom Bubble
progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Systemic Risk
progress in e-mail, such as AOL
progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Equifax executives out after massive hack
WW2 Interment
Distrustful U.S. allies force spy agency to back down in encryption fight
SEC Admits US Public Filing System Was Hacked, "May Have Resulted" In Countless Illegal Profits
Reminder: It's very unusual to vote on a health-care bill before Congress knows what it will do
progress in e-mail, such as AOL
learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
progress in e-mail, such as AOL
IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Bullying trivia
Toys R Us: Another Private Equity Casualty
Equality: The Impossible Quest
Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Temporary Data Sets
Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
64 bit addressing into the future
IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Here's a horrifying thought for all you management types
How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
64 bit addressing into the future
64 bit addressing into the future
64 bit addressing into the future
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
64 bit addressing into the future
64 bit addressing into the future
64 bit addressing into the future
The World America Made
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Allied Radio catalog 1956
Allied Radio catalog 1956
Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
When Working From Home Doesn't Work
WW II cryptography
git, z/OS and COBOL
WW II cryptography
F-35 Multi-Role
WW II cryptography
WW II cryptography
WW II cryptography
John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
How the world's greatest financial experiment enriched the rich
"Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
WW II cryptography
WW II cryptography
WW II cryptography
WW II cryptography
Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386

EasyLink email ad

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: EasyLink email ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Sep 2017 12:03:00 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#120 EasyLink email ad

paid to leave (IBM), last day 31july1992; 25years, month & a week; truth is stranger than fiction, next day, got letter at home saying I had been promoted ... after decades of being told I had no career, no promotions, no future in IBM.

following HOMEUNIX FORUM ... was one of the internal discussion groups on the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet


----- HOMEUNIX FORUM appended at 20:46:32 on 92/07/26 GMT (by WHEELER at ALMADEN)

selection from 7/26/92 san jose sunday paper.  486/386/286 base system
include 1:1 ide hd/fd controller, 101 k/b, teac 1.2mb or 1.44mb fd.
enhanced case & p/s.  2s/1p/1g.  motherboard w/cpu and basic
memory (512k on 286, one meg on rest) installed.  one year labor and
parts warrenty.

they still are pricing 486sx/20 for more than 386/33mhz ... but only
by 10 bucks (although the "super sale" shows 90). I keep predicting
that it should drop below.

                 6/23/91  12/22/91   2/16/92  6/7/92 7/26/92
486/50mhz(eisa)                                $1418  $1238
486/33mhz(eisa)   $2398     $1455     $1328    $1018   $917
486/33mhz         $1448      $785      $738    $630    $597
486/25mhz         $1178      $735      $688    $590    $558
486sx/20mhz                  $585      $568    $448    $357
386/40mhz          $898      $545      $508    $380    $353
386/33mhz          $698      $535      $488    $376    $347
286-20             $388      $292      $292    $232    $230

 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

super sale

• basic system
• 4mb ram 70ns
• 1.2mb & 1.44mb floppy
• 130mb 15ms hard drive
• 1024x768 .28 dp 14" color monitor
• 512k svga card
• deluxe medium tower chassis with power supply

486-50/64k eisa                 $1988
486dx2-50/64k cache             $1508
486sx-20/64k cache              $1138
386-40/64k cache                $1058
386-33/64k cache                $1048
386dx-25                        $1038

options:

• add $20 for 1mb svga card
• add $50 for non-interlaced monitor
• add $170 for 200mb hard drive
• add $45 for 256k cache

 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

this will be my last posting here.  these started about two years ago
after a disagreement with some people in boca regarding how fast
prices would be coming down.  i asserted that they were relatively
easy to plot just from the sjmn weekly advertised prices.

in a related incident, a little less than two years ago ibm contracted
with a consulting house out here to do an in depth "what will
computers look like over the next five years".  It went into software,
hardware, technology, market segments, application directions, etc. It
also included about 12hr video taped round-tables involving 12
technology "experts" from the silicon valley.  I was contacted to be
one of the twelve ...  which I cleared with my manager before
accepting.  It was interesting ...  but the consulting house hedged
their bets somewhat.  They were somewhat worried that a conservative
operation like IBM would believe our predictions for 1995; so they
somewhat stretched out the cycle for various things ...  so that our
predictions for 1993 started showing up in 1995 instead.

in any case ... its been fun.

ito 31jul92,  -lhw

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) asking to participate in survey commissioned by IBM Boca:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#26 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#33 ARM Cortex A53 64 bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#110 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#113 IBM PS2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Sep 2017 14:41:25 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
triva: late summer, early fall 2008, the author of the "Lost Lesson" article was at a company that bought up $60B (billion) in off-book toxic assets at 22cents on the dollar. However, ye2008, just the four largest too big to fail were still holding $5.2T (trillion) in off-book toxic assets. They should have been required to bring them back on the books and "mark to market" ... but then they would have to book $4+T (trillion) in losses, declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated. TARP funds original justified to buy these toxic assets, but with only $700B (billion) appropriated, it wouldn't have bought all that $5.2T (trillion) even at 22cents on the dollar (but again, still would have been declared insolvent and liquidated).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#76 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#77 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#87 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#88 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?

TARP was used for other stuff and the Federal Reserve did the "real" bailout ... FED fought hard legal battle to prevent divulting what it was doing ... buying a couple trillion in offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
triple-A rated toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

corporations then are borrowing cheap ZIRP funds for stock buybacks ... helping provide their top executives big bonuses ... propping up stock prices.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

however, central banks (not just FED) then continued to buy (not just off-book toxic assets) ... further propping up stock market (and top executives bonuses)

Central Banks Have Purchased $2 Trillion In Assets In 2017
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/central-banks-have-purchased-2-trillion-assets-2017
Why? The best, and simplest, explanation for low yields & high stocks is simple: so far in 2017 there has been $1.96 trillion of central bank purchases of financial assets in 2017 alone, as central bank balance sheets have grown by $11.26 trillion since Lehman to $15.6 trillion. Hartnett concedes that the second best explanation is bonds pricing in low CPI (increasingly a new structurally low level of inflation due to tech disruption of labor force) while equities price in high EPS (with little on horizon to meaningfully reverse trend), although there is no reason why the second can't flow from the first.
... snip ...

contributing flat employee compensation since late 70s/early 80s ... inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

also capitalist economy become a financialization engine

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization

Somewhat similar to years of not funding and/or diverting infrastructure funding (leaving it a problem for future generations, kicking can down the road) ... and from the laws of unintended consequences ... Volcker talking to civil engineering professor about money has been diverted from infrastructure spending for so long ... there aren't civil engineering jobs, lack of jobs, students stop taking classes, w/o students, univ. start shutting down programs and dropping professors ... Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'
... snip ...

A few years ago with the stimulus funding ... projects were having to hire Chinese companies to get civil engineers.

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#72 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#79 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
Date: 09 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
https://www.amazon.com/Mission-Command-What-Where-Anthology-ebook/dp/B07572ZQL4/

also recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War

loc1300-1301:
I propose that Mission Command be replaced with a simplified concept called Winning Teams based on just two principles – trust and understanding
... snip ...

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers

To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

Boyd would include in briefings that former military officers (steeped in rigid, top-down, command&control, effectively only those at the very top know what they are doing) were starting to contaminate US corporate culture. However, about the same time articles started appearing that MBAs were starting to destroy US corporations. The first briefing I sponsored just had Patterns of Conflict ... but then he started including evolving Organic Design For Command and Control ("leadership and appreciation").

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

In the early 80s, there was article (Wash. Post?) calling for 100% unearned profit on the US auto industry. The scenario was supposedly the foreign auto import quota was to (reduce competition and) give the domestic makers enormous profits that they would use to completely remake themselves. However, they just pocketed the money and continued business as usual. In 1990, the US auto industry had the C4 task force to work on completely remaking themselves and because they were planning on heavily leveraging technology, they invited representatives from technology companies to send representatives. In the meetings they could describe what the foreign competition was doing better and what US needed to do to respond. However, as recent bailouts have indicated they still continued business as usual.

C4 taksforce posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

more "mission command", loc1428-33:
Auftragstaktik relies on leaders to provide direction then delegate and empower subordinates. It encourages individual initiative, skill, and creativity. 12 ‘Task tactics' or ‘mission tactics', may be a closer but is still an insufficient translation. The best translation seems to be ‘mission-oriental command system' (Führen mit Auftrag). 13 In turn Auftragstaktik became an ‘essential factor' in the tactical superiority of the German Army.
and similar to TPS (everybody a "problem solver"), loc1467:
Rather, it was an art to be learned by doing.

loc1709-10:
Conversely, a Mission Command philosophy requires the cultivation of adaptive and flexible leaders, the development of which is undermined by the demand for adherence to check-the-block procedural methodologies and processes.

loc1484:
Written orders if any were kept to a minimum and most command function worked on verbal or radio orders.
... snip ...

In briefings, Boyd would highlight Guderian's Verbal Orders Only encouraging person on the spot to make their own decisions. Boyd would further discuss some organizations having after action reviews that attempt to assign blame; lack of written orders (also) inhibited such activities.

recent post also mentioning Verbal Orders Only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

EasyLink email ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: EasyLink email ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Sep 2017 15:53:33 -0700
sidd@situ.com (sidd) writes:
i was sidd@ohstpy on BITNET ...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#120 EasyLink email ad

our bitnet email went through csnet gateway, our 1982 gateway
CSNET: Wheeler@IBM-SJ ARPANET: Wheeler.IBM-SJ@UDel-Relay

in 1987, arpanet/internet gateway then switched to go through RAND-Relay
CSNET: Wheeler@IBM-SJ ARPANET: Wheeler.IBM-SJ@RAND-Relay

a few of us early on got internal email address added to our ibm business cards. then about the time we got external email also added to our business cards, corporate decreed that internal contact information shouldn't be on business cards met for customers (even tho lots of internal employees used them for internal contact information). We believed that corporate target was really email addresses on business cards (not internal contact information). We pointed out that if corporate ruling was to be enforced, then all internal phone contact information would have to be removed in additional to internal email address ... but we would be permitted to add our external email addresses (that could be used by customers).

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#39 The Internet's 100 Oldest Dot-Com Domains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#55 Tell me something about how you use signature files!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#49 Announcement from IBMers: 10000 and counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#20 disclosing "business" information on the internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#77 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#98 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

EasyLink email ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: EasyLink email ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 09 Sep 2017 20:32:02 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
$5/minute would have been a little steep even for most Dialog databases (Dialog was an online commercial database service owned by Lockheed, e.g. run searches on multiple journals in the field of chemistry). Though the search capabilities were documented offline (in binders) and you could zip on, do a search and download the results, and log off pretty quickly (minutes). There too the charges may have been more if you were somewhere that didn't have a local access node. Anyhow, I got to charge most of those costs to clients.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#120 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#3 EasyLink email ad

TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
had TYMNET ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymnet

with POPs around the country/world.

DIALOG
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ProQuest_Dialog

I got to wander around lots of silicon valley ... both IBM locations as well as customers ... including TYMSHARE and DIALOG.

I've reference this in the past, old history of early online ... but since DIALOG latest acquisition, URL no longer exists ... but still live at the wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20050123104257/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers1.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20050115000851/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers2.pdf

some old email mentioning dialog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#email810318
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#email810422

... TYMSHARE started offerring its VM370/CMS-based online computer conferencing to SHARE for free as VMSHARE starting in Aug1976 ... vmshare archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
old vmshare email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

would also run into some number of the people at the monthly BAYBUNCH meetings hosted at SLAC.

we did some work with NIH/NLM in the first part of 90s (after leaving IBM). Turns out when I was undergraduate, univ. library got ONR to do online library catalog, some of the money for 2321 datacell. Also selected to be betatest for original CICS product ... and I got tapped to support/debug. past posts mentioning CICS &/or BDAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bdam

About the same time, some of the same guys that were still at NLM in the 90s ... were doing their own online catalog.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_National_Library_of_Medicine
some more
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MedlinePlus

it was mainframe BDAM based ... but they had written their own transaction monitor (didn't use CICS). By the early 80s, article lookup results were strongly bimodel ... tending to return tens to hundred of thousand of results. Out at 5-8 search terms, it could switch from hundred of thousands of results to zero ... the holy grail was finding search terms that returned more than zero and less than 100 results.

In the early 80s, "grateful med" was developed for mac ... search interface that just asked for count of results not the actual results, speeding up the holy grail search.

past posts mentioning NIH/NLM:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#26 Misc. more on bidirectional links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#27 History of Microsoft Word (and wordprocessing in general)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#1 Off-topic everywhere [was: Re: thee and thou
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#45 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#50 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#53 c.d.theory glossary (repost)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#7 The Network Data Model, foundation for Relational Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#52 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#67 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#0 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#57 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#45 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#47 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#74 Speculation ONLY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#10 Boyd & Beyond 2010, review at Zenpundit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#36 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#34 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#57 Stopping the Internet of noise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#94 What is SQL? The language of databases

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
Date: 10 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#2 Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology

loc602-4:
An example of this was a polemic in the Norwegian Military Journal where Jansen and Offerdal based on the investigation report after the Vassdal accident argued that the primary problem was not the inability of the organization to predict avalanches, but the inability to adjust when an unexpected situation arose; a line of reasoning similar to the rationale for Mission Command.
... snip ...

In 1990 book introduction, one of the "fathers of AI", Bogh Andersen says that AI was done all wrong because it failed to take into account "context". I periodically equated that to the "OO" part of Boyd's OODA-loop, real time observation placed in context (orientation). Possible excuse was that the computers were not yet large enough and powerful enough to perform "context" processing ... just following set of rules.

old ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#35 Military Interest in Supercomputer AI

loc1087-88:
Yet the ultimate command culture—because it empowers the individual through trust to best solve problems after extensive professional development—did not come into official being until the publication of the German 1888 Drill Regulations.

loc1428-33:
Auftragstaktik relies on leaders to provide direction then delegate and empower subordinates. It encourages individual initiative, skill, and creativity. 12 ‘Task tactics' or ‘mission tactics', may be a closer but is still an insufficient translation. The best translation seems to be ‘mission-oriental command system' (Führen mit Auftrag). 13 In turn Auftragstaktik became an ‘essential factor' in the tactical superiority of the German Army.

and similar to TPS (everybody a "problem solver"), loc1467:
Rather, it was an art to be learned by doing.

loc1709-10:
Conversely, a Mission Command philosophy requires the cultivation of adaptive and flexible leaders, the development of which is undermined by the demand for adherence to check-the-block procedural methodologies and processes.

loc1484:
Written orders if any were kept to a minimum and most command function worked on verbal or radio orders.
... snip ...

In briefings, Boyd would highlight Guderian's Verbal Orders Only encouraging person on the spot to make their own decisions. Boyd would further discuss some organizations having after action reviews that attempt to assign blame; lack of written orders (also) inhibited such activities.

posts & URLs references Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts
Date: 10 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts
https://www.quantamagazine.org/a-theory-of-reality-as-more-than-the-sum-of-its-parts-20170601/

"Challenging the reductionists: explaining agency and differentiating conscious beings from the particles that make them up"

misc other references The Reduction of Seduction | The Scientist Magazine
http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/24297/title/The-Reduction-of-Seduction/
What's the Next Big Thing in Artificial Intelligence?
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/babak-hodjat/whats-the-next-big-thing-_b_7837192.html
This Idea Must Die: Some of the World's Greatest Thinkers Each Select a Major Misconception Holding Us Back
https://www.brainpickings.org/2015/02/23/this-idea-must-die-john-brockman-edge-question/
New Math Untangles the Mysterious Nature of Causality
https://www.wired.com/story/new-math-untangles-the-mysterious-nature-of-causality-consciousness/

In 1990 book introduction, one of the "fathers of AI", Bogh Andersen says that AI was done all wrong because it failed to take into account "context". I periodically equated that to the "OO" part of Boyd's OODA-loop, real time observation placed in context (orientation). Possible excuse was that the computers were not yet large enough and powerful enough to perform "context" processing ... just following set of rules.

also, Boyd would advise constantly observing from every possible facet as countermeasure to orientation bias.

past posts & URLs referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
Date: 10 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?

I believe "rational" was that people would behave in their own best interests ... part of what Kahneman showed was that they would do things not in their own best interest ... based on emotion, short term gain at the expense of their own long term well being, etc.

Free Market story was that large numbers of people doing things in their own best interest (rational) would work out for everybody. In fact part of what Kahneman showed that people not acting "rationally" could result in disaster in free market ... aka the recent economic mess.

trivia: 1999 I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess. Securitized mortgages had been used in the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas area that turned out to be empty lots. Some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then in Internet IPO mills ... put in few tens of millions, hype (pump & dump), IPO, then let fail so field is clean for next round, and were predicted next to get into mortgages. I was suppose to improve the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay rating agencies for triple-A (even when they knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans. Triple-A eliminates any reason to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality, they can securitize, pay for triple-A, and sell off as fast as they can be made ... including to entities restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large institutional pension funds) ... largely enabling over $27T (trillion) done 2001-2008.

from the law of unintended consequences, the largest "fines" for the economic mess so far is for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents.

Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

I was told that towards the end of S&L crises, somebody did detailed financial analysis of Citibank's variable rate mortgage portfolio, showing that small changes in rate would take down the bank. Citibank then sold off the portfolio, got out of the market (at the time they were the largest player), and required a private bailout (from Saudis) to stay in business.

old post (from 1999)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm
S&L crises post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

Roll forward to the economic mess and Citibank is one of the largest player in securitized mortgages (can be considered form of variable rate mortgage portfolio), their institutional knowledge all seems to evaporated. However, the person that had done the original Citibank analysis, was publishing some number of articles in 2005-2006 timeframe about how Black-Scholes wasn't working. One of the nets concerns "moral hazard" ... the gamblers gets the winnings, but the public is on the hook for the losses.

When the whole things blows up, there are articles that computer models mislead the business people. On the other side there were many more articles by risk managers where the business people forced them to fiddle the inputs in order to get the desired results (GIGO, garbage in, garbage out) ... not so complicated, lots of obfuscation and misdirection.

In the OCT2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played (selling triple-A when they knew they weren't worth triple-A), testimony was that their business model had become misaligned when the agencies switched from the buyers paying for the rating to the sellers paying for the ratings ... even though the ratings were for the benefit of the buyers. They observed that it was significantly harder to regulate a misaligned business model when the players are motivated to do the wrong thing.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
triple-A rated toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Trivia: rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing that they increased after SOX went into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is SOX also required SEC to do something about the rating agencies, but SEC did about as much about them as the fraudulent financial filings.

Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
Financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Can you get regulators that understand what is going and are motivated to do something about it. That was supposedly FDR's reply on why he put one of the most notorious foxes in charge as the first SEC chairman. Later during WW2, FDR made him ambassador to Great Britain for possibly similar reason. FDR then got proof that the ambassador was dealing with the Nazis and in private meeting threatened to make it public if he didn't toe the line. reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

In the 90s, I had been writing standards in financial standards meeting and one of the participants was from NSCC. He asked me to come in to NSCC (this was before merger with DTC)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

to work on improving the integrity of trading floor transactions. I work on it for a while and then get a call that it was being suspended. A side effect of the integrity work would greatly improve transparency and visibility, something counter to fundamental wallstreet culture.

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to try and get SEC to do something about Madoff. He was asked if new regulations were needed. He said that while new regulations might be needed, more important would be transparency and visibility.

Madoff postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

Cramer says that illegal activity goes on all the time, but they don't have to worry about anything from the SEC ... however, there are lots of reasons, not because they aren't smart enough. this was before HFT really kicks in, which has made it worse
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
Date: 10 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#7 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?

with regard to FDR and the original head of SEC and then later ambassador, Intrepid also points finger at Ambassador Kennedy ... they start bugging the US embassy because classified information was leaking to the Germans. They eventually identified a clerk as responsible but couldn't prove ties to Kennedy. However Kennedy is claiming credit for Chamberland capitulating to Hitler on many issues ... also making speeches in Britain and the US that Britain could never win a war with Germany and if he was president, he would be on the best of terms with Hitler.
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc2645-52:
The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later, Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected President." He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British statements or said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain to win the war."

British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw discretion to be the better part of valor. "If Kennedy had been recalled sooner," said Stephenson later, "he would have campaigned against FDR with a fair chance of winning. We delayed him in London as best we could until he could do the least harm back in the States."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
Date: 10 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-general-who-lost-2-wars-leaked-classified-information-to-his-lover-and-retired-with-a-220000-pension/

The experience of former NSA senior executive Thomas Drake who shared unclassified information about that agency's wasteful ways with a reporter is more typical of what leakers should expect. Although the Justice Department eventually dropped the most serious charges against him--he pled guilty to a single misdemeanor--he lost his job and his pension, went bankrupt, and has spent years working at an Apple store after being prosecuted under the World War I-era Espionage Act. "My social contacts are gone, and I'm persona non grata," he told Defense One last year. "I can't find any work in government contracting or in the quasi-government space, those who defend whistleblowers won't touch me."

... snip ...

One of the issues is a beltway bandit that only has gov. contracts ... can't use gov. contract money to lobby congress ... however a private-equity owner can hire large numbers of high profile politicians and gov. officials and do lots of lobbying.

There was huge amount of outsourcing to major private equity owned companies last decade ... which are then put under heavy pressure to generate revenue for their owners. Former president of Amex was hired away by KKR, then by IBM and then Carlyle
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ..

Which acquires beltway bandit that will employ Snowden. Outsourcing of security clearances to private equity owned companies were under intense pressure to cut corners and found to be filling out the paper work but not actually doing the background checks.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
which helps accelerate the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more money from failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

One of the gimmicks is analogy to house flipping, they take a 100% loan to acquire a company, put the loan on the company's book and then flip it. They can even sell for much less than they paid and still walk away with boat loads of money (loan goes with the flipped company, real house flipping requires paying off the original loan, over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally in private-equity mill)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

other trivia: Finding Petraeiusism in Naglandia
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/finding-petraeusism-in-naglandia

more private-equity/gov trivia (following also gets into the enormous debt ratios on these company books)
http://www.chessiecap.com/news-articles/2012/11/thinking-the-unthinkable-government-contracting-bankruptcy/
With little to no growth in many industry sectors in the past decade, private equity firms were attracted to the market of companies serving the U.S. government like bees to honey. Stifel Nicolaus Weisel tracks over 35 major private equity firms invested in the government sector. ... High profile deals include Carlyle/Booz Allen Hamilton, Providence Equity Partners/SRA International, Veritas Capital/Lockheed Martin's Enterprise Integration Group, KKR and General Atlantic Partners/Northrop Grumman's TASC, and Cerberus Capital Management/DynCorp International.
... snip ...

more private-equity outsourcing trivia: OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://theintercept.com/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
Founded in 1992 by the late investment banker Robert McKeon, Veritas Capital grew quickly by buying up government contractors and forming close ties with former senior government officials. Of the many defense-related investments made by the company, the most famous has been the 2005 purchase of DynCorp International, a scandal-plagued company that played a pivotal role in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military-industrial(-congressional)-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
Date: 10 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#9 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

trivia: Barbarians at the capital ... is take off on this KKR take-over of RJR

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO take-over of RJR and KKR wins.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
and
https://www.amazon.com/Barbarians-Gate-Fall-RJR-Nabisco-ebook/dp/B000FC10QG

KKR runs into some problems and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR. Then IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "Baby Bells" in preparation for breaking up the company. Dec 1992 "How IBM Was Left Behind", article behind paywall but some lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

the board then hires away the former president of AMEX, who reverses the breakup and resurrects the company. using some of the same techniques at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

former president of AMEX then leaves IBM to head up Carlyle. Since private-equity onslaught on gov. contractors, they are constantly looking for prominent politicians and members of gov. to help with their national & international lobbying. When Petraeus leaves CIA in disgrace, he is snapped up by KKR. As mentioned, private-equity transfers enormous debt loads to the companies they acquire ... results included half of all corporate defaults are companies involved in private-equity mill (they are under intense pressure to cut all sort of corners to generate revenue and service the loans). The neat trick is that these bad loans never show up on the records of the private-equity companies that took out the loans.

parts of 1st cav were in Fallujah 2004-2005 and then came back to Baqubah 2007-2008, described as worse than Fallujah (but because claims that things were better, it didn't get the coverage).
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

upwards of $60B in pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills were airlifted to Iraq ... some of it immediately disappears, other is tributes&bribes for Iraqis to reduce conflict (right out of Roman Empire) for the "surge".

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
military-industrial(-congressional)-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
Date: 11 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#9 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#10 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

Former CIA Analyst Sues Defense Department to Vindicate NSA Whistleblowers
https://theintercept.com/2017/02/10/former-cia-analyst-sues-defense-department-to-vindicate-nsa-whistleblowers/
"Loomis says he thinks those redactions were more for the sake of Hayden's reputation than protecting real classified information. He eventually documented the saga in a self-published book called 'NSAs Transformation: An Executive Branch Black Eye.'"
... snip ...

we were possibly tangentially involved ... although we didn't know it at the time. There was unclassified BAA from IC-ARDA (now IARPA) that basically said that nothing they had did the job ... and we got a call just before it closed, asking if we could get a response in (nobody else had responded). We got a response in, had a couple of meetings summer 2002 (little strange since we don't have clearances), showing we could do what was needed, and then nothing. It wasn't until we saw the success of failure article, that we began to suspect what went on.

we did hear that the primary analyst behind the BAA was eventually told by agency top executives that he hadn't sufficiently proved to them that the tools he had wouldn't do the job. We conjectured that the top executives thot that if nobody responded to the BAA, then it would stop his complaints .... i guess it caught them by surprise when somebody got us to respond to the BAA.

this also mentions oil rig company is transferred into one of largest defense contractors after former SECDEF and future VP becomes CEO ... in Iraq2 invasion, company gets tens of billions in no-bid contracts, "How Private Contractors Created Shadow NSA"
http://www.thenation.com/article/how-private-contractors-have-created-shadow-nsa/

part of post from 2013 mentioning drake and conjecture that private-equity beltway bandits are using game theory to maximize revenue (success of failure).

NPC Luncheon with Thomas Drake, NSA Whistleblower
http://www.press.org/events/npc-luncheon-thomas-drake-nsa-whistleblower
wiki page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Andrews_Drake

x-over from another discussion ... conjecture that (private-equity owned) beltway bandits used game theory to maximize revenue ... realizing a series of failed efforts is more revenue than an immediate success ... aka another unintended consequence

"Game theory, or using math to find the optimal solution to complex systems"
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2013/02/27/why-its-smart-to-be-reckless-on-wall-street/

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
military-industrial(-congressional)-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning the IC-ARDA/IARPA BAA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#57 Beyond Snowden: A New Year's Wish For A Better Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#76 Should New Limits Be Put on N.S.A. Surveillance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#61 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#26 Gerstner after IBM becomes Carlyle chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#32 (External):Re: IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#62 The NSA's back door has given every US secret to our enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#96 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#64 Improving Congress's oversight of the intelligence community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#5 NSA Deputy Director: Why I Spent the Last 40 Years In National Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#23 This Is How The US Government Destroys The Lives Of Patriotic Whistleblowers

other posts mentioning Thomas Drake
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#32 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#39 NPC Luncheon with Thomas Drake, NSA Whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#45 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#37 Do You Want Better Security? Eliminate System Administrators!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#82 The NSA and Snowden: Securing the All-Seeing Eye
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#74 Raspberry Pi 3?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

EasyLink email ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: EasyLink email ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Sep 2017 08:25:30 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
I suspect it had something to do with my being on disability. Their benefits people couldn't find my data base entry. when they did find it, they refused to tell me what my badge number was. None of the the data bases had DEC's badge number data. I found that to be astonishing since they were responsible for all of DEC's pensioners.

Sorry to hear about your benefits, anyone who has any lives in fear that they could just be dropped.

I'm not sorry; I'm pissed off. Carlybaby has a lot to answer for.


periodic post ... former AMEX president after using attack on pensions at private-equity take-over of RJR (barbarians at the gate), he then use some of the same at IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

the company used has gone thru a number of mergers ... but it is still being used to administer IBM's medical benefits.

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Merchants of Doubt

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Merchants of Doubt
Date: 13 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and scientific advisers, with deep connections in politics and industry, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades. Remarkably, the same individuals surface repeatedly-some of the same figures who have claimed that the science of global warming is "not settled" denied the truth of studies linking smoking to lung cancer, coal smoke to acid rain, and CFCs to the ozone hole. "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco executive. These "experts" supplied it.
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

triva: some of the "merchants of doubt" also show up with "Team B" that did Soviet analysis justifying huge DOD budget increase (later shown to be significant exaggeration). CIA director Colby didn't agree with the analysis and so white house chief of staff Rumsfeld arranged for him to be replaced with somebody that would agree (Bush1). After replacing Colby, Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF and his assistant Cheney becomes chief of staff.

posts mentioning "Team B"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Later when Bush is VP, he and Rumsfeld are aiding Saddam in Iraq/Iran war, including supplying Saddam with WMDs. Later Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. A satellite recon analyst notifies white house that Saddam is marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house says that Saddam has told them he would do no such thing and proceeds to discredit the analyst. Later analyst notifies white house that Saddam is marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and Saudis ("Desert Storm").
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Start of this century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, and Rumsfeld is SECDEF. One of the former "Team B" members (Wolfowitz) is Deputy Secretary of Defense and "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork." Before invasion, White House chief of staff Card's cousin had been dealing with Iraq in the UN and given proof that the WMDs (tracing back to the US from the Iran/Iraq war) have been decommissioned. The cousin supplies the information to the white house and then is locked up in military hospital. Eventually gets out and publishes a book in 2010 about what happened, including decommissioned WMDs.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

It turns out the decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to the US) were found early in the invasion, but the information was classified until fall of 2014 (four yrs after book was published).
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

I Was an Exxon-Funded Climate Scientist
https://www.counterpunch.org/2017/09/12/i-was-an-exxon-funded-climate-scientist/
Assessing ExxonMobil's climate change communications (1977-2014)
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aa815f
This paper assesses whether ExxonMobil Corporation has in the past misled the general public about climate change. We present an empirical document-by-document textual content analysis and comparison of 187 climate change communications from ExxonMobil, including peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed publications, internal company documents, and paid, editorial-style advertisements ('advertorials') in The New York Times. We examine whether these communications sent consistent messages about the state of climate science and its implications--specifically, we compare their positions on climate change as real, human-caused, serious, and solvable. In all four cases, we find that as documents become more publicly accessible, they increasingly communicate doubt. This discrepancy is most pronounced between advertorials and all other documents. For example, accounting for expressions of reasonable doubt, 83% of peer-reviewed papers and 80% of internal documents acknowledge that climate change is real and human-caused, yet only 12% of advertorials do so, with 81% instead expressing doubt. We conclude that ExxonMobil contributed to advancing climate science--by way of its scientists' academic publications--but promoted doubt about it in advertorials. Given this discrepancy, we conclude that ExxonMobil misled the public. Our content analysis also examines ExxonMobil's discussion of the risks of stranded fossil fuel assets. We find the topic discussed and sometimes quantified in 24 documents of various types, but absent from advertorials. Finally, based on the available documents, we outline ExxonMobil's strategic approach to climate change research and communication, which helps to contextualize our findings.

Exxon Knew about Climate Change almost 40 years ago
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/exxon-knew-about-climate-change-almost-40-years-ago/
What Exxon Mobil Didn't Say About Climate Change
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/22/opinion/exxon-climate-change-.html?mcubz=3
Inside an investigation into Exxon Mobil's climate change misinformation
https://www.theverge.com/2017/8/23/16194366/exxon-mobil-knew-climate-change-misinformation-harvard-study
ExxonMobil climate change controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ExxonMobil_climate_change_controversy

aka, ExxonMobil had to accurately and scientifically assess climate change because of its significant short & long term effects on its business ... but at the same time create significant public doubt as part of maximizing its current earnings. This is similar to the importance of DOD accurately and scientifically assess climate change effects on its ability to perform its duties ... but complicated by special interests lobbying the politicians.
https://www.militarytimes.com//news/your-military/2017/09/12/pentagon-is-still-preparing-for-global-warming-even-though-trump-said-to-stop/

past "Merchants of Doubt" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#52 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#44 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#73 10 Big Fat Lies and the Liars Who Told Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#100 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#47 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
Date: 13 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://moneyweek.com/how-to-spot-bad-stocks-beware-high-achiever-ceo/?utm_campaign=money-morning-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter

A Reputation for Beating Analysts' Expectations and the Slippery Slope to Earnings Manipulation
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2607219&rec=1&srcabs=2561954&alg=1&pos=4

Rarely enforced SEC rules may give green light to earnings manipulation
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/past-enforcement-suggests-proposed-clawback-rules-lack-teeth-2015-09-28

Rhetoric on floor of congress claimed that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee executives and auditors did jail time for fraudulent financial filings but required SEC do something.. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company doing fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime)

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
Financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I

pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:
The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave, the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch business strategy, its dependence on financial overspeculation, became ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale--meaning large size--due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg195/loc3819-25:
In three years, Welch sold more than one hundred businesses. Some of these needed selling, others might have been saved with good innovative management. But with the stock market in mind, the fastest way to increase profits is to cut costs, and in his first two years, he laid off more than seventy thousand workers, nearly 20 percent of the GE workforce. Quickly, Welch earned the nickname "Neutron Jack" for ridding businesses of people while retaining the operations. Within five years, roughly 130,000 workers of GE's 400,000 were gone. In fact, he institutionalized layoffs by requiring that 10 percent of the workforce of each division be replaced every year. In 1984, Fortune named him the toughest boss in America.

pg199/loc3919-25:
Over his tenure, he cut back significantly on research and development--by some 20 percent in the 1990s. In 1993, he told BusinessWeek, "We feel that we can grow within a business, but we are not interested in incubating new businesses." GE Capital itself was built through countless acquisitions. As the CNNMoney writers put it, "Consider first what the company really is. Its strength and curse is that it looks a lot like the economy. Over the decades GE's well-known manufacturing businesses--jet engines, locomotives, appliances, light bulbs--have shrunk as a proportion of the total. Like America, GE has long been mainly in the business of services. The most important and profitable services it offers are financial."

pg200/pg3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ..

... here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said,
'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'

It is not in their interest to reduce conflict around the world ... just the opposite. perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

military-industrial(-congressional)-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Lots of the military-industrial complex are for-profit public companies that are looking to increase their numbers every quarter ... "managed earnings", just like GE.

CEOs bonuses based on stock price which in turns heavily influenced by earnings/share. One side is "managed earnings" ... the other side is number of stocks ... last two decades, there has been enormous uptic in "stock buybacks" ... corporations borrowing money for stock buybacks to juice the earnings/share (in turn juicing executive bonuses) by reducing the number of shares. Part of the issue is avg. length of CEO tenure is decreasing so they are incrasingly looking to make quick killing and leave (no longer looking at long term picture)

stock buyback posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

This is obfuscated with phrases like "maximizing shareholder value"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.

... ... snip ...

in the military it would be loyalty to the country ... not to military-industrial complex and/or other special interests

20 yrs ago, congress required that all federal agencies pass financial audit ... DOD has yet to pass one. In 2015 there was press that DOD would be able to pass financial audit in 2017 ... but that is being pushed off again, now maybe 2018.

2002 Congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire (required spending not exceed taxes, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010, CBO report that 2003-2009, taxes cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget (first time taxes cut to not pay for two wars). Since then some modest cut in spending but no restored taxes so debt continues to increase (just passed $20T). 2010 CBO also that a little over trillion of the DOD spending increase couldn't find anything to show for. By comparison the tens of billions in pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills air lifted to Iraq is "accounted for" (even though much of it disappears once it reached Iraq).

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

As mentioned upthread about SOX and SEC not enforcing regulations ... there was joke that the stringent SOX audits were just a gift to the audit industry (after the ENRON case resulted in one of the major audit companies going out of business) ... but SEC wouldn't actually do anything ... and GAO doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings even showing they increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

In the congressional Madoff hearings, they had testimony from the person that tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He said possibly, but more important would be transparency and visibility (since it didn't appear that SEC was enforcing the regulations it had). He also said that tips/whistleblowers turn up 13 times more fraud than audits ... and that SEC had a 1-800 number for corporations to complain about audits ... but didn't have a tip hotline.

Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

There is Burton's "Pentagon Wars", Spinney's "The Penagon Labyrinth", "Perpetual Wars" and other tomes, Winslow's "What did the Rumsfeld/Gates Pentagon Do with $1 Trillion?", various Boyd stories, etc ... only totals trillions of dollars. There are all the stories about pentagon/industry revolving doors ... including recent discussion here about disgraced CIA director being hired by KKR ... but still just trillions.

By comparison the economic mess involved tens of trillions. In 1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess. They were able to get around the countermeasures. Then a decade later in January 2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in criminal convictions and jail time) with lots of internal HREFS and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that maybe the new congress would have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying DC) ... and the revolving doors between wallstreet and regulators are even more pervasive than pentagon/industry ... although there is overlap between wallstreet and the industry side of military-industrial complex.

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

One example is the enormous uptic in outsourcing last decade and take-over of government contractors by private-equity companies (again from the disgraced CIA director thread)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
http://www.chessiecap.com/news-articles/2012/11/thinking-the-unthinkable-government-contracting-bankruptcy/

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

EasyLink email ad

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: EasyLink email ad
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Sep 2017 18:30:29 -0700
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
No, I'm sure that by 1984 he was seeing HTG Internet e-mail addresses, because the TCP/IP changeover had already happened, and lots more people legitimately had one. Hell, by October 1984 I was A.ALDERSON@LOTS-A.STANFORD.EDU (a mere third of a century ago)!

previously post with all the registered .com domain names from Oct1990 list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20

this post discusses the cutover to tcp/ip on 1jan1983 and some of the issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#39

including this status email which includes description of apranet<->csnet email address conversion convention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#email821122
and followup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#email830109

CSNET description from Jan1982
https://www.livinginternet.com/i/ii_csnet.htm
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

past email related to interconnecting NSF sites ... originally NSF supercomputer centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

further discussion
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

topic drift, Stanford University Network (SUN)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanford_University_Network

past posts mentioning SUN workstation was pitched to IBM to produce (at IBM palo alto science center):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#74 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#30 Stanford University Network (SUN) 3M workstation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#25 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#39 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#40 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#58 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#98 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#86 IBM Goes to War with Oracle: IT Customers Praise Result

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#120 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#3 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#4 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#12 EasyLink email ad

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Would encryption have prevented known major breaches?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Would encryption have prevented known major breaches?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Sep 2017 15:03:02 -0700
we were somewhat involved in (original) cal. data breach notification act ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the electronic signature act and several of the players were heavily involved in privacy ... and had done in depth public surveys and #1 was fraudulent financial transactions somewhat as the result of various kinds of breaches (before notification each member of public thot it was isolated incident affecting only them). Problem was that little or nothing was being done about the breaches and it was hoped that publicity from the notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities normally take security measures in self interest/protection. In the case of breaches, it wasn't the institutions that are at risk, but the public. Since then there has been a dozen or so federal bills proposed about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. state act and those that effectively negate need for notification (in some cases, specifying a combination of information compromised that would essentially never occur).

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

We had also been brought in as consultants into small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce", we get brought in to the X9A10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of finanical infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. We did detailed end-to-end vulnerability and exploit studies of various kinds of payments and eventually wrote a standard that slightly changes the current paradigm ... and eliminates the ability of crooks to use information from previous transactions, records and/or account numbers to perform fraudulent transaction. As a result it is no longer necessary to hide/encrypt such information ... either in transit and/or at rest (somewhat negating the earlier work with SSL for electronic commerce).

some related information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

dual-use metaphor; transaction account number is used for business processes and must be readily available for scores of business processes at millions of locations around the planet. at the same time it is used for authentication&authorization and therefor must *NEVER* be divulged. The conflicting requirements has resulted in us observing that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop information leakage

security proportional to risk metaphor; value of transaction information to merchant is profit from the transaction ... possibly a couple of dollars (and value to infrastructure operators a few cents) while the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit. As a result, the crooks may be able to outspend attacking the system by a factor of 100 times what the defenders can afford to spend.

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

Part of the issue now is there are lot of stakeholders with vested interest in the unchanged paradigm.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Destructive Stock Buybacks-That You Pay For

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Destructive Stock Buybacks-That You Pay For
Date: 15 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Destructive Stock Buybacks-That You Pay For
https://www.counterpunch.org/2017/09/15/destructive-stock-buybacks-that-you-pay-for/
Then after Clinton pushed through congress a $1 million cap on CEO pay that could be deductible, CEO compensation consultants wanted much of CEO pay to reflect the price of the company's stock. The stock buyback mania was unleashed. Its core was not to benefit shareholders (other than perhaps hedge fund speculators) by improving the earnings per share ratio. Its real motivation was to increase CEO pay no matter how badly such burning out of shareholder dollars hurt the company, its workers and the overall pace of economic growth. In a massive conflict of interest between greedy top corporate executives and their own company, CEO-driven stock buybacks extract capital from corporations instead of contributing capital for corporate needs, as the capitalist theory would dictate.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

and central banks

BofA: $2 Trillion YTD In Central Bank Liquidity Is Why Stocks Are At Record Highs
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-15/bofa-2-trillion-ytd-central-bank-liquidity-why-stocks-are-record-highs
Central Banks Have Purchased $2 Trillion In Assets In 2017
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/central-banks-have-purchased-2-trillion-assets-2017

ZIRP posts (and some buying assets)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 09:40:14 -0700
simon@twoplaces.co.uk (Simon Turner) writes:
Nobody cares about doing things right, or being secure: they just want maximum convenience for them, and if that makes things inconvenient for someone else, it's that person's fault for not fitting in with the norm.

this is part of being brought in small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server (they had also invented this technology I called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce"). They had already done some transaction prototype code for the server to payment networks. When I was done, I pointed out that it takes 4-10 times the effort to take a well designed and tested code and turn it into business quality application/service.

Before he passed, the Internet Standards RFC editor, Postel would let me help with the periodically issued STD1. He also sponsored my talk at ISI (where he was located) for ISI and USC network security grad group on why the internet wasn't business quality.

with regard to breaches (recently in the news) ... post from yesterday in ibm mainframe mailing list
http://www.gralic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#16 Would encryption have prevented known major breaches?

one of the issues (from the original cal. state data breach notification bill), normally entities take security measures in self interest/protection, however, in the breach cases, the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

recent posts mentioning "4-10 times the effort" and/or talk at ISI why internet wasn't business quality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#101 Reflexivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#13 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#86 Economic Failures of HTTPS Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#117 Are we programmed to stop at the 'first' right answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#146 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#10 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#16 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#27 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#92 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#23 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
Date: 16 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#14 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#17 Destructive Stock Buybacks-That You Pay For

long winded post from 1999 ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

compaq/tandem/atalla had sponsored a security conference for me ... one of the participants pontificated on a number of things ... including the S&L crises (in above post). CITIBANK was largest player in variable rate mortgage market and somebody did analysis that small changes in FED rate would take down the bank. Then CITIBANK sold off its mortgage portfolio, got out of the business, and had to take a private bailout (from Saudis) to stay in business.

note:

Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages. Securitization had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, the posterchild was mortgages on office bldgs in the Dallas area that turned out to be empty lots. Some number of investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises and were then doing Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, and then IPO, the companies then needed to fail so that the landscape was free for the next round of IPOs), and were predicted next to get into mortgages (again).

They then find that they can pay rating agencies for "triple-A" ratings (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into role rating agencies played). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell off as fast as they can be made. Triple-A eliminates any need to care about borrower's qualifications or loan quality, enables being able to sell to entities restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) and largely enables being able to do over $27T (trillion) 2001-2008.

more than you ever want to know.

BofA was national bank in SanFran that also owned some number of regional banks. BofA was taken over by NationsBank ... and everything rebranded as BofA. After economic mess BofA (aka nationsbank) buys Countrywide ... head of countrywide is #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

Congress was pressured to quickly approving TARP funds for bailout to prevent economic collapse (for purchase of triple-A rated, offbook toxic assets). However only $700B was appropriated and YE2008, just the four largest too big to fail were still holding $5.2T (trillion) ... with CITIBANK holding the largest amount. TARP was then used for other purposes and behind the scenes the FED was providing the trillions for the bailout (some claims that bailouts were in part gift to Saudis & CITIBANK).

triple-A rated toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Positioning the read pointer of a Windows file

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Positioning the read pointer of a Windows file
Newsgroups: comp.lang.rexx
Date: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 23:31:37 -0700
LesK <5mre20@tampabay.rr.com> writes:
Not a literal 'insert' of course, but a 'logical' one. In VM I'd use several COPYFILE commands to a temp file and then do the necessary RENAME commands as an atomic unit (which guarantees success or failure of all of them) then ERASE the original file if the renames worked.

I'd guess you would do something effectively the same with Classic Rexx commands using linein and lineout. Is that right?

What would that piece of code look Like?


original (CP/40, CP/67) CMS edit command did that, read from original file, make changes and output to working file, with file command ... it would tben erase original file and rename the working file as atomic operation

for a little drift, pg. 220, plm
OPERATION: UPDISK is the routine that updates the user file directory for a given disk. It is called in one of two ways: when FINIS has closed the last open output file for a given disk disk, it calls the first entry to update the UFD for the disk; when ERASE finds a file to be erased it first calls the second entry to reserve some tracks, then does its erasing function, then calls the third entry to write the new UFD on disk.

This logic makes possible what is called a "double directory" scheme, wherein the old directory still exists on disk until the MFD itself is finally rewritten on record 4 of the disk, completing the new directory. If the system is interrupted in any way in the middle of the process, the old directory is still intact, and any old files pointed to thereby are still intact.

...

It turns out the above is almost true .. CKD disks had a failure mode with power failure in the middle of write ... processor memory stops transmitting, but controller has enough residual power to finish the write (propagating all zeros) and then write correct checksum/ECC. Not only MFD at record 4, but problem for OS VTOC, DBMS log records, etc

In the 70s, this was fixed in CMS with the extended file system ... which went to alternating MFD at records 4&5. Any power failure with propagated zeros would not be taken as most recent MFD.

fixed-block disks have countermeasure, where it wouldn't write a record until the complete information was available. Real CKD disks haven't been made in decades ... all being emulated on industry standard fixed-block disks ... so some of these other systems would no longer suffer from such CKD failure modes.

posts mentioning ckd, fba, multi-track search, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The FTC says it's investigating the Equifax hack

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The FTC says it's investigating the Equifax hack
Date: 16 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
The FTC says it's investigating the Equifax hack
http://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/equifax-data-breach-ftc-investigation-2017-9-1002370706

we were somewhat involved in (original) cal. data breach notification act ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the electronic signature act and several of the players were heavily involved in privacy ... and had done in depth public surveys and #1 was fraudulent financial transactions somewhat as the result of various kinds of breaches (before notification each member of public thot it was isolated incident affecting only them). Problem was that little or nothing was being done about the breaches and it was hoped that publicity from the notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities normally take security measures in self interest/protection. In the case of breaches, it wasn't the institutions that are at risk, but the public. Since then there has been a dozen or so federal bills proposed about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. state act and those that effectively negate need for notification (in some cases, specifying a combination of information compromised that would essentially never occur).

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

We had also been brought in as consultants into small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce", we get brought in to the X9A10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of finanical infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. We did detailed end-to-end vulnerability and exploit studies of various kinds of payments and eventually wrote a standard that slightly changes the current paradigm ... and eliminates the ability of crooks to use information from previous transactions, records and/or account numbers to perform fraudulent transaction. As a result it is no longer necessary to hide/encrypt such information ... either in transit and/or at rest (somewhat negating the earlier work with SSL for electronic commerce).

some related information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

dual-use metaphor; transaction account number is used for business processes and must be readily available for scores of business processes at millions of locations around the planet. at the same time it is used for authentication&authorization and therefor must *NEVER* be divulged. The conflicting requirements has resulted in us observing that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop information leakage

security proportional to risk metaphor; value of transaction information to merchant is profit from the transaction ... possibly a couple of dollars (and value to infrastructure operators a few cents) while the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit. As a result, the crooks may be able to outspend attacking the system by a factor of 100 times what the defenders can afford to spend.

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

Part of the issue now is there are lot of stakeholders with vested interest in the unchanged paradigm.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dotcom Bubble

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Dotcom Bubble
Date: 17 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
1999 I was asked to try & help stop the economic mess. I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (put in a few million, hype for a year or two, IPO for a couple billion, objective was it fails so field is clear for next round of IPOs, pump&dump but on larger scale), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages.

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis
triple-A rated toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Not long later, I was in a financial standards meetings hosted by large financial lobbying organization in DC. during the meeting I was asked to step out, there was somebody there to see me. I was taken to an office and introduced to somebody from a NJ ethnic organization who said some investment bankers had asked him to talk to me. It wasn't personal, purely business, they were expecting $2B from upcoming Internet IPO and my criticism of that Internet technology was predicted to have a $200M downside ... and would I shut up. I went to some Federal LEOs and they said ... yep, investment bankers are like that, amoral and sociopaths.

past posts mentioning visit:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#28 The Reformers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#61 Association Of Certified Fraud Examiners Release 2014 Report On Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#7 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#83 Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#87 Finance Is Not the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#74 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 17 Sep 2017 21:24:15 -0700
hancock4 writes:
I'm wasn't aware of that. But doesn't ISPF run under TSO? I was thinking of applications running under CICS, but with conventional (actually, old style mapping).

They certainly do support a GUI screen with CICS/COBOL behind it, indeed, to me, it seems that would be the best of both worlds. But, FWIW, my employer wasn't big on that.


ISPF ... TSO usually used to run ISPF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISPF

I've pontificated before about 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement started charging for application software.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

and revenue had to cover development, maintenance, support ... which parts of IBM had difficulty dealing with. They had practice of forecasting estimate of low, middle, & high price ... looking for total revenue that met requirement. There was some number of products (like JES2 networking) that didn't meet the requirement at any price. The gimmick for JES2/NJI was to make a combined product announcement with VM370 VNET/RSCS (networking) which as its own product met the requirement at under $30. The combined product announcement allowed the VM370 VNET/RSCS revenue to cover JES2/NJI expenses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

By 1980, they decided that it would also work if both products were just in the same organization. ISPF also didn't have revenue that met the requirement ... but putting VM370 performance products (which had large install base) and cutting support/mainteance to three people ... they could use the VM370 revenue to underwrite ISPF development, maintenance, and service costs (and charge a price that customers would be willing to pay).

some past post about using VM370 to fund MVS products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#0 VSPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#42 misc. dmksnt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#26 Moribund TSO/E
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#43 Sequence Numbbers in Location 73-80
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#40 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#21 Source maintenance was Re: SEQUENCE NUMBERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#13 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#14 ISPF not productive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#44 1960s: IBM mgmt mistrust of SLT for ICs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#82 Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#41 Virtual Storage implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#40 Why isn't OMVS command integrated with ISPF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#42 What do YOU call the # sign?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#59 ISPF Counter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#46 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#6 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#50 Call for XEDIT freaks, submit ISPF requirements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#84 Set numbers off permanently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#95 VM IS DEAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#62 Do you remember back to June 23, 1969 when IBM unbundled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#20 3270 archaeology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#84 Is there an SPF setting to turn CAPS ON like keyboard key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#106 SPF in 1978
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#63 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#53 Image if someone built a general-menu-system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#33 Using NOTE and POINT simulation macros on CMS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#64 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#26 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#36 The Subroutine Call
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#27 Unbuffered glass TTYs?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#89 Real Programmers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#103 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#107 CMS Editors was TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#25 another question about TSO edit command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#48 IBM 'major announcement' points to deal on chip manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#33 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#2 ISPF (was Fujitsu Mainframe Vs IBM mainframe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#34 Programmers Who Use Spaces Paid More

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Systemic Risk

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Systemic Risk
Date: 17 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#22 Dotcom Bubble

Computers are frequently billed as improving efficiency and used for eliminating redundancy. Redundancy is critial in failure scenarios, lack of redundancy can contribute to cascading failures ... sometimes referred to as systemic risk (opposite of resilient; things can be greater than the sum of their parts).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systemic_risk

Could Market Complexity Trigger The Next Crash?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-13/could-market-complexity-trigger-next-crash

from decade earlier, illegal activity common place but don't have to worry about SEC
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions.

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Jan. 2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions) with lots of internal xrefs and lots URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (some anticipation that new congress would have appetite to do something). I worked on it for some time, but then I got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet money totally burying the capital).

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

past posts mentioing systemic risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#smallpay2 Small/Secure Payment Business Models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#risk another characteristic of online validation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#straw AADS Strawman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#strawm3 AADS Strawman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#22 A crazy thought?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#cstech7 cardtech/securetech & CA PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#variations variations on your account-authority model (small clarification)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#complex AADS/CADS complexity issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#parsim parsimonious
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#mfraud AADS, X9.59, security, flaws, privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmail.htm#vbank Statistical Attack Against Virtual Banks (fwd)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#13 Smartcard security (& PKI systemic risk) thread in sci.crypt n.g
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#19 Misc. payment, security, fraud, & authentication GAO reports (long posting)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay2.htm#fed Federal CP model and financial transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay2.htm#cadis disaster recovery cross-posting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay2.htm#aadspriv Account Authority Digital Signatures ... in support of x9.59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#41 AADS, X9.59, & privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#156 checks (was S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#238 Attacks on a PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#240 Attacks on a PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#36 "Trusted" CA - Oxymoron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#34 PKI and Non-repudiation practicalities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#45 PKI and Non-repudiation practicalities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#35 Security Concerns in the Financial Services Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#54 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#7 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#31 You think? TOM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#5 What good is RSA when using passwords ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#64 Can you use ECC to produce digital signatures? It doesn't see
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#11 AES-128 good enough for medical data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#2 Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#5 Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#14 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#10 Revoking the Root
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#11 Revoking the Root
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#3 ABN Tape - Found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#26 Debit Cards HACKED now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#28 Key exchange
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#17 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#12 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#39 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#41 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#48 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#44 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#89 Bush - place in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#94 Bush - place in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#32 subprime write-down sweepstakes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#78 Hypothesis #4 -- The First Requirement of Security is Usability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#71 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#13 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#19 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#23 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#42 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#25 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#78 Boffins bust web authentication with game consoles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#4 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#32 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#30 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#36 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#40 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#45 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#46 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#57 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#25 Is FINANCE the institutionalized form whereby (smart?) elites exact payment for the rest's being...?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#31 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#43 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#47 TARP Disbursements Through April 10th
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#31 OODA-loop obfuscation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#74 Administration calls for financial system overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#21 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#37 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#64 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#52 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#53 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#22 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#29 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#66 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#3 RSA Pawned - Black Queen runs amoc behind US lines of defence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#51 The OODA-loop "exit"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#30 Regulators seek to plug derivatives data gaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#88 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#40 The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#2 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#3 Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#6 Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#79 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#7 FDR explains one dimension of our problem: bankers own the government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#35 Entropy and #SocialMedia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#65 Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#67 How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#44 New Citigroup Looks Too Much Like the Old One
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#45 Banks Repaid Fed Bailout With Other Fed Money: Government Report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#53 GOLD STANDARD GOOD OR BAD?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#61 The Myth of Password Complexity & Frequent Change Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#25 Two Articles of Interest on Culture and Things to Look For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#64 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#60 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#64 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#85 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#48 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#62 Taleb On "Skin In The Game" And His Disdain For Public Intellectuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#65 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#0 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#86 A Little More on the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#75 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#98 Trust in Government Is Collapsing Around the World

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Sep 2017 10:36:47 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
A large part of secretarial training was formatting.

delivery of CP67/CMS to university JAN1968 included SCRIPT ... which was reimplementation of CTSS RUNOFF
http://web.mit.edu/saltzer/www/publications/ctss/AH.9.01.html

with dot (".") formating commands. A couple of people spent a lot of time trying to get the output of a softcopy of their thesis to conform to the university formating specification.

quicky search ... this is recent CSU long beach formatting guide
http://csulb.libguides.com/thesisformat

other trivia, at science center in 1969, GML (three letters chosen as 1st letter of last name of three inventors) was invented at the science center (over 50yrs ago) ... and gml tag processing added to script. after a decade gml morphs into sgml
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/sgmlhist.htm
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
after another decade sgml morphs into html at cern
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Sep 2017 19:38:19 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Is that the same as University of Waterloo Script (uwscript)?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#25 progress in e-mail, such as AOL

Waterloo SCRIPT
http://csg.uwaterloo.ca/sdtp/watscr.html
Waterloo SCRIPT is a rewritten and extended version of a processor called NSCRIPT that had been converted to OS and TSO from CP-67/CMS SCRIPT. The original NSCRIPT package is available from the SHARE Program Library. Waterloo obtained NSCRIPT in late 1974 as a viable alternative to extending ATS to meet local requirements. The local acceptance of Waterloo SCRIPT has continued to provide the motivation for additional on-going development.
... snip ...

above web page also lists several GML layouts for various publications, UofWaterloo theses, etc.

more script
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCRIPT_(markup)

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Equifax executives out after massive hack

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Equifax executives out after massive hack
Date: 19 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Equifax executives out after massive hack; The officials were in charge of information and security when hackers stole 143 million consumer records from company systems.
https://www.cnet.com/news/equifax-executives-out-after-massive-hack/?ftag=COS-05-10-aaa0a&linkId=42310003

other recent Equifax posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#117 Equifax Lobbied To Kill Rule Protecting Victims Of Data Breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#21 The FTC says it's investigating the Equifax hack

Former CIA director and then VP repeatedly claimed that he knew nothing about
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis

another family member presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 2.1M criminal referrals and 70,000 criminal convictions.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Jan. 2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions with jailtime) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (some anticipation that new congress would have appetite to do something). I worked on it for some time but then I got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet money totally burying the capital).

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

with respect to the breach ...

we were somewhat involved in (original) cal. data breach notification act ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the electronic signature act and several of the players were heavily involved in privacy ... and had done in depth public surveys and #1 was fraudulent financial transactions somewhat as the result of various kinds of breaches (before notification each member of public thot it was isolated incident affecting only them). Problem was that little or nothing was being done about the breaches and it was hoped that publicity from the notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities normally take security measures in self interest/protection. In the case of breaches, it wasn't the institutions that are at risk, but the public. Since then there has been a dozen or so federal bills proposed about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. state act and those that effectively negate need for notification (in some cases, specifying a combination of information compromised that would essentially never occur).

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

We had also been brought in as consultants into small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat for having done "electronic commerce", we get brought in to the X9A10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of finanical infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. We did detailed end-to-end vulnerability and exploit studies of various kinds of payments and eventually wrote a standard that slightly changes the current paradigm ... and eliminates the ability of crooks to use information from previous transactions, records and/or account numbers to perform fraudulent transaction. As a result it is no longer necessary to hide/encrypt such information ... either in transit and/or at rest (somewhat negating the earlier work with SSL for electronic commerce).

some related information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

dual-use metaphor; transaction account number is used for business processes and must be readily available for scores of business processes at millions of locations around the planet. at the same time it is used for authentication&authorization and therefor must *NEVER* be divulged. The conflicting requirements has resulted in us observing that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop information leakage

security proportional to risk metaphor; value of transaction information to merchant is profit from the transaction ... possibly a couple of dollars (and value to infrastructure operators a few cents) while the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit. As a result, the crooks may be able to outspend attacking the system by a factor of 100 times what the defenders can afford to spend.

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

Part of the issue now is there are lot of stakeholders with vested interest in the unchanged paradigm.

note: PCI was introduced about the time Federal breach legislation (federal preemption of state legislation) that basically eliminated need for notification if institution followed industry specification like PCI. At the time, the joke was if a PCI certified institution had a breach, they lost their PCI certification.

past posts mentioning PCI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#6 Securely handling credit card transactions earns Blackboard kudos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#24 DDA cards may address the UK Chip&Pin woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#60 Retailers try to push data responsibilities back to banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#56 Signs of Liability: 'Zero Day Threat' blames IT and Security industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#64 Seeking expert on credit card fraud prevention - particularly CNP/online transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#74 Visa and MasterCard mandated PCI compliance as of Jan 1, 2008. I would like to get a feel or opinion on this subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#25 PCI audit compliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#4 ABN Tape - Found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#64 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#85 PCI Compliance - Encryption of all non-console administrative access
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#94 PCI Compliance - Encryption of all non-console administrative access
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#0 The Unexpected Fact about the First Computer Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#10 Crypto Related Posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#77 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#79 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#85 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#91 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#93 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#35 U.S. Identity Theft at Record Level in 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#17 Hannaford breach illustrates dangerous compliance mentality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#49 IBM emulator for ICL 1900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#101 We're losing the battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#69 ATM PIN through phone or Internet. Is it secure? Is it allowed by PCI-DSS?, Visa, MC, etc.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#26 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#54 PCI needs to address virtualization, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#65 Did you think about Virtualization Security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#1 PCI's Bob Russo: Data loss hurts brand more than a fine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#6 US credit card payment house breached by sniffing malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#69 PCI Compliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#71 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#72 Why Are CC Numbers Still So Easy To Find?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#45 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#3 Cybersecurity hearing highlights inadequacy of PCI DSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#16 Cybersecurity hearing highlights inadequacy of PCI DSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#36 PCI security rules may require reinforcements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#44 Chip and PIN for ID cards: Not such a sharp idea?; Hackers PINing after your details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#57 Data masking/data disguise Primer 1) WHY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#10 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#25 New standard for encrypting card data in the works; backers include Heartland
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#63 New standard for encrypting card data in the works; backers include Heartland
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#24 IBM security expert: X86 virtualization not ready for regulated, mission-critical apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#46 IBM security expert: X86 virtualization not ready for regulated, mission-critical apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#53 Merchant Groups Ask for Broad Changes in Letter to PCI's Overseer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#64 Weak security enables credit card hacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#13 PCI SSC Seeks Input on Security Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#62 An Information Gap Sparks a Dust-Up over Remote Key Injection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#28 Network Solutions breach exposed 500k card accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#50 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#53 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#61 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#64 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#68 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#4 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#12 Need new 3270 emulator: SSH, inexpensive, reliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#13 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#22 PCI SSC Seeks standard for End to End Encryption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#23 Need new 3270 emulator: SSH, inexpensive, reliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#28 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#40 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#42 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#45 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#47 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#48 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#49 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#51 Chip with PIN or Chip with signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#52 Online banking: Which bank is the most secure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#3 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#36 The Compliance Spectrum...Reducing PCI DSS Scope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#37 Firms failing to treat card data security seriously
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#14 Heartland CIO is critical of First Data's credit card tokenization plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#75 What's old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#20 Mainframe running 1,500 Linux servers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#27 New Gift Card Laws Also Benefit Terrorists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#29 Data Breaches Show PCI DSS Ineffective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#39 Six Months Later, MasterCard Softens a Controversial PCI Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#44 PCI and Network Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#49 Six Months Later, MasterCard Softens a Controversial PCI Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#41 PCI tokenization push promising but premature, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#45 PCI tokenization push promising but premature, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#30 AT&T, Verizon to Target Visa, MasterCard With Phones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#50 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#56 Who are these people who think cybersecurity experts are crying wolf?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#8 PCI: Smaller Merchants Threatened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#9 On Scope Scrinkage in PCI DSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#49 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#56 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 e-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#47 PCI and the Insider Threat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#40 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#3 zSeries Manpower Sizing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#6 The 15 Worst Data Security Breaches of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#49 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#79 What's the takeaway on Audit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#64 The Myth of Password Complexity & Frequent Change Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#68 The Myth of Password Complexity & Frequent Change Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#47 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#28 Some interesting post about the importance of Security and what it means for the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#74 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#13 "hexadecimal"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#105 After Target, Neiman Marcus breaches, does PCI compliance mean anything?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#6 Credit Card Breach at California DMV Provides Yet Another Warning of Cyber Insecurities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#26 UEFI?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#67 PCI DSS compliance for z/OS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#47 Optimizing the Hard Disk Directly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#101 Electronic Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#13 Pascal Source for APL Interpreter--Want Info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#88 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW2 Internment

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: WW2 Internment
Date: 19 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
After Internment: Seattle's Debate Over Japanese Americans' Right to Return Home
http://depts.washington.edu/civilr/after_internment.htm

Sold, Damaged, Stolen, Gone: Japanese American Property Loss During WWII
https://densho.org/sold-damaged-stolen-gone-japanese-american-property-loss-wwii/

however discrimination against Asians in general goes back much further than the war.

Emerging Opportunities in Dark Times: Japanese Americans in the Northwest, 1933-1934
http://depts.washington.edu/depress/japanese_americans_depression.shtml
The 1920 Anti-Japanese Crusade and Congressional Hearings
http://depts.washington.edu/civilr/Japanese_restriction.htm
A Change in Asian Immigration

Increased industrialization and infrastructure around the turn of the century created a great demand for cheap labor in the United States. Initially Chinese immigrants provided low cost labor. In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act stopped the flow of immigrants, and thus the major source of labor on the west coast. Japanese were the primary immigrant group to fill the demand for labor left behind by the Chinese. Initially employed by railroad companies and factories, Japanese immigrants quickly started their own businesses and communities.

... snip ...

other trivia about Japan entry into WW2

The Battle of Bretton Woods:
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/

Another part of Bretton Woods is the primary US person, asst SECTREAS White ... was also working on behalf of Stalin. Stalin was dealing with nearly all of German military on one front and was afraid Japan would come in on his other front (already 2/3rds of Japan military was devoted to China). Stalin sent White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan, that Stalin felt would prompt Japan to attack US (which would preclude Japan attacking Soviets)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
and the Hull Note, US Demands transmitted to Japan just prior to attack on Pearl
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations

in the Allied invasion of Europe, fortunately 3/4s of German military was occupied with Soviets.

And Vietnam program today brings up McNamara coming back from the auto industry for SECDEF (where Laos will become the most bombed country in the world, more tonnage than Japan and Germany combined).
http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/the-vietnam-war/watch/

Doesn't mention that WW2, McNamara was LaMay's staff planning firebombing of German and Japanese cities ... after end of hostilities leaving for the auto industry.

from internment camp
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internment_of_Japanese_Americans

men were recruited for 442nd for service in Europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/442nd_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)

442 history by Pierre Moulin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Moulin
https://www.facebook.com/pierrechmoulin

American Samurais WWII in Europe
https://www.amazon.com/American-Samurais-Europe-Nisei-Soldiers/dp/0983899312
American Samurais in the Pacific
https://www.amazon.com/American-Samurais-Pacific-Military-Intelligence/dp/0983899320
American Samurais WWII Camps
https://www.amazon.com/American-Samurais-Camps-Concentration-Europe-ebook/dp/B009LJGTAQ/

Posts mentioning McNamara on LeMay staff planning WW2 bomging cities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#33 The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost before they began, not on the battlefields
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#8 What Does School Really Teach Children
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#30 AM radio Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#82 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#113 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#21 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#32 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#60 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#84 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#34 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

bretton woods, harry dexter white, hull note
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#4 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Distrustful U.S. allies force spy agency to back down in encryption fight

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Distrustful U.S. allies force spy agency to back down in encryption fight
Date: 21 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Distrustful U.S. allies force spy agency to back down in encryption fight
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-standards-insight/distrustful-u-s-allies-force-spy-agency-to-back-down-in-encryption-fight-idUSKCN1BW0GV

lots of past posts mentioning ECDSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#17 Alternative to Microsoft Passport: Sunshine vs Hai
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#38 ALARMED ... Only Mostly Dead ... RIP PKI ... part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#39 ALARMED ... Only Mostly Dead ... RIP PKI .. addenda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#13 anybody seen (EAL5) semi-formal specification for FIPS186-2/x9.62 ecdsa?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#14 Challenge to TCPA/Palladium detractors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#19 TCPA not virtualizable during ownership change (Re: Overcoming the potential downside of TCPA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#15 A challenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#23 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#26 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#27 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#31 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#34 The future of security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#6 dual-use digital signature vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#45 payment system fraud, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm20.htm#1 Keeping an eye on ATM fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#5 New ISO standard aims to ensure the security of financial transactions on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#19 Use of TPM chip for RNG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#23 Use of TPM chip for RNG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#28 DDA cards may address the UK Chip&Pin woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#29 DDA cards may address the UK Chip&Pin woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#24 DDA cards may address the UK Chip&Pin woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#37 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#x959 X9.59 Electronic Payment Standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm9.htm#3dvulner5 3D Secure Vulnerabilities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#31 some certification & authentication landscape summary from recent threads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#34 some certification & authentication landscape summary from recent threads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#36 Identity server infrastructure ... example
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#46 x9.73 Cryptographic Message Syntax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#65 eBay Customers Targetted by Credit Card Scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#66 eBay Customers Targetted by Credit Card Scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#docstore ANSI X9 Electronic Standards "store"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ansiepay.htm#anxclean Misc 8583 mapping cleanup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#10 Opinion on smartcard security requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#31 You think? TOM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#38 Why is DSA so complicated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#83 Signing with smart card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#78 Does Diffie-Hellman schema belong to Public Key schema family?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#21 basic smart card PKI development questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#55 AADS, ECDSA, and even some TCPA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#71 history of CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#73 How to map a user account to a digital cert?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#82 formal fips186-2/x9.62 definition for eal 5/6 evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#84 formal fips186-2/x9.62 definition for eal 5/6 evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#86 formal fips186-2/x9.62 definition for eal 5/6 evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#11 Serious vulnerablity in several common SSL implementations?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#35 ... certification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#38 Backdoor in AES ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#44 Beware, Intel to embed digital certificates in Banias
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#72 Whatever happened to C2 "Orange Book" Windows security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#13 Help! Good protocol for national ID card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#16 Help! Good protocol for national ID card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#20 Help! Good protocol for national ID card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#26 Crypto Standards Organizations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#18 Efficent Digital Signature Schemes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#70 Simple resource protection with public keys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#29 electronic-ID and key-generation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#30 How is a smartcard created?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#38 Code Sizing for Digital Signature Verification - DSS/DSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#5 Multiple ECDSA signatures with the same random nonce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#61 Can you use ECC to produce digital signatures? It doesn't see
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#64 Can you use ECC to produce digital signatures? It doesn't see
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#23 Are there any authentication algorithms with runtime changeable key length?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#25 Are there any authentication algorithms with runtime changeable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#32 NSA chooses ECC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#37 When rsa vs dsa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#4 Comments wanted on an authentication protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#22 Hardware issues [Re: Floating point required exponent range?]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#7 Digital Signature Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#8 Digital Signature Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#10 racf
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#12 ECC book reference, please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#30 ECC Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#2 Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#9 Smart card Authentification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#22 PKI: the end
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#31 Public/Private key pair protection on Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#62 single-signon with X.509 certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#0 private key encryption - doubts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#4 private key encryption - doubts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#9 Determinstic OpenSSL signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#26 RSA SecurID product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005u.html#27 RSA SecurID product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#1 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#19 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#30 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#47 newbie need help (ECC and wireless)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#65 newbie need help (ECC and wireless)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#44 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#55 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#39 My Dream PC -- Chip-Based
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#52 Windows Monitor or CUSP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#32 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#34 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#72 Value of SSL client certificates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#8 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#5 Public Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#76 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#34 The hands-free way to steal a credit card
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#56 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#63 EAL5 Certification for z10 Enterprise Class Server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#64 EAL5 Certification for z10 Enterprise Class Server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#66 Need for speedy cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#40 Crypto dongles to secure online transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#63 A mighty fortress is our PKI, Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#57 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SEC Admits US Public Filing System Was Hacked, "May Have Resulted" In Countless Illegal Profits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: SEC Admits US Public Filing System Was Hacked, "May Have Resulted" In Countless Illegal Profits
Date: 21 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
SEC Admits US Public Filing System Was Hacked, "May Have Resulted" In Countless Illegal Profits
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-21/sec-says-edgar-filing-system-was-hacked

Discloses the Commission's Cyber Risk Profile, Discusses Intrusions at the Commission, and Reviews the Commission's Approach to Oversight and Enforcement https://www.sec.gov/news/press-release/2017-170

SEC admits data breach, suggests illicit trading was key; The commission says that "illicit gain through trading" may have been the key motivator.
http://www.zdnet.com/article/sec-admits-data-breach-suggests-insider-trading-was-the-key/
After breach, SEC says hackers used stolen data to buy stocks; After accessing the Security and Exchange Commission's nonpublic filings, hackers may have used the stolen data to pad their portfolios with tomorrow's hot stocks
https://www.cnet.com/news/after-breach-sec-says-hackers-used-stolen-data-to-buy-stocks/
SEC says hackers may have profited from 2016 breach
https://www.finextra.com/newsarticle/31096/sec-says-hackers-may-have-profited-from-2016-breach
SEC discloses hackers penetrated EDGAR, profited in trading
https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2017/09/20/sec-discloses-hackers-penetrated-edgar-profited-trading/687761001/
SEC owns up to 2016 breach
https://fcw.com/articles/2017/09/21/sec-admits-2016-breach.aspx

we were somewhat involved in (original) cal. data breach notification act ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the electronic signature act and several of the players were heavily involved in privacy ... and had done in depth public surveys and #1 was fraudulent financial transactions somewhat as the result of various kinds of breaches (before notification each member of public thot it was isolated incident affecting only them). Problem was that little or nothing was being done about the breaches and it was hoped that publicity from the notifications might prompt corrective action. The issue is that entities normally take security measures in self interest/protection. In the case of breaches, it wasn't the institutions that are at risk, but the public. Since then there has been a dozen or so federal bills proposed about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. state act and those that effectively negate need for notification (in some cases, specifying a combination of information compromised that would essentially never occur).

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Reminder: It's very unusual to vote on a health-care bill before Congress knows what it will do

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Reminder: It's very unusual to vote on a health-care bill before Congress knows what it will do
Date: 21 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Reminder: It's very unusual to vote on a health-care bill before Congress knows what it will do
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/politics/wp/2017/09/19/reminder-its-very-unusual-to-vote-on-a-health-care-bill-before-congress-knows-what-it-will-do/

2003 Congress passes Medicare Part-d. CBS 60 mins did expose ... just before final vote one sentence was added to bill and CBO was prevented from distributing report of effect of change. 60 mins showed drugs under part-D were three times the price of identical drugs from VA (that allows competitive bidding). Also, found that within 6months of the bill passing, the 18 republicans responsible for getting it through had resigned and were on drug industry payroll. US Comptroller General reports that part-d comes to be a long term $40T item that totally swamps all other budget items.

past medicare part-d posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
past US comptroller general posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Sep 2017 20:40:19 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Seems to be a Japanese specialty. they got mocked for producing copies, but they could take a thing, copy it, and often improve on it.

the copy theme was quite common during the early auto import days ... may have been paid for by the US auto industry trying to influence US buyers. there is article in the early 80s calling for 100% unearned profit tax on US auto makers ... scenario was that import quota was suppose to reduce competition and provide enormous profits to US makers that would be used to complete remake themselves (in order to compete with foreign competition), but they just pocketed the money and continued business as usual.

1990 there was us auto C4 taskforce to look at completely remaking themselves ... and because they were planning on heavily leverage technology as part of makeover ... they invited reps from technology companies. In the meetings they could describe the competition and what changes they needed to do. However as seen by recent bailouts, they still weren't able to remake themselves.

posts mentioning auto C4-taskforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

one of the articles I have had opportunity to frequently quote

How Toyota Turns Workers Into Problem Solvers
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/how-toyota-turns-workers-into-problem-solvers
To paraphrase one of our contacts, he said, "It's not that we don't want to tell you what TPS is, it's that we can't. We don't have adequate words for it. But, we can show you what TPS is."

We've observed that Toyota, its best suppliers, and other companies that have learned well from Toyota can confidently distribute a tremendous amount of responsibility to the people who actually do the work, from the most senior, experienced member of the organization to the most junior. This is accomplished because of the tremendous emphasis on teaching everyone how to be a skillful problem solver.

... snip ...

TPS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota_Production_System

In the 80s, I would sponsor Boyd's briefings and he would highlight that former military officers were contaminating US corporate culture with their rigid, top-down command&control (where only those at the very top knew what they are doing).

past Boyd posts and URLs around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

recent publication by Boyd afficionado

Mission Command: The Who, What, Where, When and Why An Anthology
https://www.amazon.com/Mission-Command-What-Where-Anthology-ebook/dp/B07572ZQL4/

loc602-4:
An example of this was a polemic in the Norwegian Military Journal where Jansen and Offerdal based on the investigation report after the Vassdal accident argued that the primary problem was not the inability of the organization to predict avalanches, but the inability to adjust when an unexpected situation arose; a line of reasoning similar to the rationale for Mission Command.
... snip ...

In 1990 book introduction, one of the "fathers of AI", Bogh Andersen says that AI was done all wrong because it failed to take into account "context". I periodically equated that to the "OO" part of Boyd's OODA-loop, real time observation placed in context (orientation). Possible excuse was that the computers were not yet large enough and powerful enough to perform "context" processing ... just following set of rules.

loc1087-88:
Yet the ultimate command culture—because it empowers the individual through trust to best solve problems after extensive professional development—did not come into official being until the publication of the German 1888 Drill Regulations.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2017 19:43:14 -0700
hancock4 writes:
I think they make some money leasing software, like CICS, MVS, etc.

While the hardware business is down, I think the Z series machines still bring in some change.

However, I remain at a loss why IBM sold off its disk drive unit (they invented disks), and cut back on other products and research.

FWIW, here is the product website. Got a lot of stuff on it.
https://www.ibm.com/products?lnk=fdi


a few years ago, Z mainframe hardware was couple percent of total revenue (and falling), but the total mainframe division (software, consulting, etc) was 1/4 of total revenue and 40% of profit.

it is getting harder to derive mainframe hardware revenue from IBM reports.

I periodically mention by the late 80s, PCs had became much more powerful and the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. A senior disk engineer got a talked scheduled at annual, worldwide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance but started out with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls and trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions but they were constantly vetoed by the communication group. It turns out to affect the whole mainframe datacenter business and few short years later, IBM goes into the red.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

as an aside, Z/OS still requires CKD disks even tho real CKD disks haven't been made in decades, instead CKD disks are simulated on industry standard fixed block disks. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Similarly, IBM bus&tag half-duplex channels are also emulated with a heavy weight protocol layer running over industry standard fibre-channel ... branded as FICON ... i've mentioned that about the time of z196 peak I/O benchmark that got 2M IOPS used 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel) about the same time, a single native fibre channel was announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over a million IOPS (two such fibre channel having greater throughput than 104 FICON ... running over fibre channel). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

BTW, in the re-org of IBM into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company ... the disk division was the furthest along having been rebranded "adstar". When a new CEO was brought that reversed the breakup and resurrected the company ... it was only a temporary reprieve for "adstar".

past posts mentioning 1/4th revenue and 40% profit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#25 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#24 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#90 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#20 the legacy of Seymour Cray
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#56 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question

recent post mentioning ibm reorg into "baby blues"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#69 How Private Equity Firms are Designed to Earn Big While Risking Little of Their Own
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#82 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#58 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#85 Great mainframe history(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#6 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#18 IBM Pension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#19 Mainframes are used increasingly by major banks and financial institutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#10 WD ships 'world's largest' 12TB HGST Ultrastar He12 Helium 7200 RPM Enterprise HDDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#24 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#51 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#96 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#101 Nice article about MF and Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#109 IBM downfall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#67 IBM: A History Of Progress, 1890s to 2001

past posts mentioning adstar:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#3 IBM's "old" boss speaks (was "new")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#29 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#25 Beyond 8+3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#9 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#52 HSM Functionality for Microsoft, using the Mainframe as the
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#47 Slashdot: O'Reilly On The Importance Of The Mainframe Heritage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#39 DASD history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#48 incremental cms file backup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#30 z/OS UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#1 Hercules 3.04 announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#3 Hercules 3.04 announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#64 The Fate of VM - was: Re: Baby MVS???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#32 Patents, Copyrights, Profits, Flex and Hercules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#28 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#59 Backup and Restore Manager for z/VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#67 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#43 PROP instead of POPS, PoO, et al
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#35 Tivoli Storage Manager for z/OS (Functionally Stablized & Impending Demise)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#28 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#4 Hard drives: A bit of progress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#12 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#65 What are your experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#46 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#70 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#61 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#63 Today in TIME Tech History: Piston-less Power (1959), IBM's Decline (1992), TiVo (1998) and More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#11 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#17 The Big, Bad Bit Stuffers of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#92 write rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#72 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#58 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#79 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#16 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#57 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#65 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#2 History question - In what year did IBM first release its DF/DSS backup & restore product?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#88 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#20 How to Fix IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#37 CMSBACK

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2017 20:03:14 -0700
mausg writes:
Soe English guy, forget his name, that died a few years was hired to go to Japan in the 1920s, to `debug' their auto industry, one of his recommendations was that the worlkers would not be alowed on the assembly lines while drunk. There was a rueful article about him on his death.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#32 progress in e-mail, such as AOL

TPS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota_Production_System
The TPS organizes manufacturing and logistics for the automobile manufacturer, including interaction with suppliers and customers. The system is a major precursor of the more generic "lean manufacturing". Taiichi Ohno and Eiji Toyoda, Japanese industrial engineers, developed the system between 1948 and 1975.[1]

Originally called "just-in-time production", it builds on the approach created by the founder of Toyota, Sakichi Toyoda, his son Kiichiro Toyoda, and the engineer Taiichi Ohno. The principles underlying the TPS are embodied in The Toyota Way.

... snip ...

Some more
http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/manufacturing-innovation-lessons-from-the-japanese-auto-industry/
THE FACT THAT JAPANESE MANUFACTURERS made tremendous inroads on the global automobile market during the 1970s will surprise nobody. What may surprise many is that Toyota's productivity rates exceeded U.S. manufacturers' as long ago as the 1960s. Business historian Michael A. Cusumano details the spectacular developments in Japanese productivity, quality, and process flexibility that have occurred over the past thirty years. His findings complement those of John F. Krafcik, whose companion piece, "Triumph of the Lean Production System," appears elsewhere in this issue.
...
But the largest postwar Japanese producer, Toyota, deliberately avoided copying foreign models or techniques and focused on developing a more efficient production system uniquely tailored to the needs of the Japanese market. Toyota adopted innovation in production management as an integral part of its competitive strategy and then spent the 1950s and 1960s making this strategy work.
... snip ...

this references deming's contribution
https://www.wyohistory.org/encyclopedia/w-edwards-deming

trivia ... also in the 20s, british lord trasmitted/shared classified aircraft carrier with the japanese ... is blamed for some part of Pearl Harbor. Part of the reports that Churchill prevented release of information because he thot it would demoralize the british. a couple past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#49 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

Churchill protecting british lord traitor probably isn't all that different from FDR not prosecuting Papa Kennedy (when he was ambassador to Britain) dealing with the Nazis. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#8 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
Date: 22 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4108110-ibm-shareholders-need-employee-enthusiasm-engagement-passion

The Dumbest Idea In The World: Maximizing Shareholder Value
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2011/11/28/maximizing-shareholder-value-the-dumbest-idea-in-the-world/

Why the "Maximizing Shareholder Value" Theory of Corporate Governance is Bogus
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

One mantra you see regularly in the business and popular press goes something along the lines of "the CEO and board have a fiduciary duty to maximize shareholder value." That is untrue. Moreover, the widespread acceptance of that false notion has done considerable harm.

... snip ...

changing culture ... former president of AMEX and IBM CEO leaves to become head of major private equity company that will heavily lobby for gov. outsourcing last decade ... Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy

along with acquiring major beltway bandits (including company that will employ Snowden) ... 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

former AMEX president and IBM CEO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

significantly accelerating rapidly spreading success of failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

makes more money from series of failures (also shutdown a $4m project that is showing results before 9/11 because it was making a several billion dollar project look bad)

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Mid-80s, Top IBM executives were predicting IBM revenue would double mostly based on mainframe business ... and there was big internal construction going on to double manufacturing capacity (like bldg 50 in San Jose). Late 80s, PCs had became much more powerful and the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. A senior disk engineer got a talked scheduled at annual, worldwide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance but started out with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls and trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions but they were constantly vetoed by the communication group. It turns out to affect the whole mainframe datacenter business and few short years later, IBM goes into the red.

dumb terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

The original mainframe TCP/IP product was done in in VS/Pascal and was one of the things help pushed by disk division. First communication group tried to block the release, and when they couldn't completely stop it, they claimed it had to be owned the communication group. By the time it shipped, mainframe TCP/IP got only 44kbytes/sec using nearly full 3090 processor. I did the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research, got substained channel throughput between 4341 and Cray, using only modest amount of 4341 processor (about 500 times improvement in the bytes moved per instruction executed). Later communication group hired a contractor to implement TCP/IP support in VTAM. The contractor initially demonstrated TCP/IP running much faster than LU6.2. He was told that everybody knows that a "proper" TCP/IP implementation runs much slower than LU6.2 and they would only pay for a proper implementation.

RFC1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

In the early/mid 80s, I had a project called HSDT with T1 and faster speed links and working with director of NSF and was suppose to get $20m to interconnect the supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget and some other things happens and evenutally NSF releases RFP. Internal politics prevent us from bidding. NSF Director tries to help by writting the company a letter (copying CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse. As regional networks connect into the centers it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern Internet.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

The communication group was spreading a lot of misinformation internally, somebody collected a bunch of the email and forwarded to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

My wife had included 3-tier networking architecture in a response to gov. request for super secure, distributed campus networking environment. We then were including it in customer executive presentations and taking arrows in the back from the communication group, including the SAA and token-ring people ... lots of IBM FUD (fear, uncertainty and doubt)

3-tier posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

folklore: In the mid-80s, the communication group did a presentation to the corporate executive committee about why IBM customers didn't want T1 (1.5mbites/sec) support before the 90s (in part because their 37x5 products were limited to 56kbites/sec links). They basically surveyed 37x5 "fat pipes" (multiple parallel 56kbit/sec links operating as single logical link). They showed numbers of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, etc link "fat pipes" ... dropping to zero by six. Implication was customers were barely using 256kbit/sec capacity. However, they either didn't know (or failed to mention) that typical telco tariffs had 5-6 56kbit links about the same as a single T1. When customers wanted more than 200kbit-256kbit, they switched to full T1 (1.5mbits) and used non-IBM controller. We were able to trivially find 200 such customer installations. Later, the issue was so bad that communication group came out with the rube goldberg 3737 claiming "T1" support. This was a boatload of Motorola 68k processors and a whole lot of memory simulating local CTCA communication. The local 3737 would get stuff and tell the local VTAM that data had already arrived (trying to mask transmission delay) ... the problem was T1 moved so much data so quickly ... even with short-haul terrestrial link, VTAM max transmit limit was reached before the acknowledgements were getting back. 3737 even with boatload of processors and memory still was limited to about 2mbits/sec aggregate (T1 is full-duplex 1.5mbits/sec, or 3mbits/sec aggregate and EU T1 is 2mbitses/sec full-duplex or 4mbits/sec aggregate).

old email discussing 3737
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881006

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions
Date: 22 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#35 IBM Shareholders Need Employee Enthusiasm, Engagemant And Passions

Also the IBM PS2 microchannel cards were severely crippled ... part of attempts to severely inhibit evolving client/server and distributed computing paradigm. AWD had developed their own (16bit AT-bus) 4mbit token-ring card for the (801/risc) PC/RT. Then for the RS/6000 with microchannel bus, AWD was told that they could only use PS2 microchannel cards. The PS2 (32-bit microchannel) 16mbit token-ring card had lower per-card throughput than the PC/RT 4mbit token-ring card (i.e. a PC/RT server with 4mbit TR would have higher throughput than RS/6000 with 16mbit TR). The other PS2 microchannel cards had similar hobbled design (for the dumb terminal market). There was joke that if RS6000 was forced to only use PS2 cards, RS6000 wouldn't have any better throughput than PS2. To partially get around corporate politics, AWD came out with model that had VMEbus. 801, risc, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs6000, power/pc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Late 70s, I got con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks (before first-customer ship) for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 for a cluster compute farm ... leading edge for the coming cluster supercomputing.

1980s STL was bursting at the seams and 300 people from the IMS group were being moved to offsite bldg. They had tried "remote" 3270 terminal support and found human factors totally unacceptable. I got con'ed into doing channel extender support so that local channel attached 3270 controllers can be deployed at the offsite bldg. The hardware vendor then tries to get IBM to let them ship my support to other customers. There was a group in POK playing with some fiber-optic stuff and were afraid if it was in the market, it would make it more difficult to release their stuff ... and blocked its release. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

1988, I get asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they were working with ... which quickly becomes fiber channel standard (including some stuff I had done in 1980). Finally in 1990, the POK group gets their stuff release with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.

We are also starting to do IBM's high availability RS/6000 product (HA/CMP) and then on working on cluster scaleup with national labs for technical & scientific and with RDBMS vendors for commercial (including using fibre channel technology). Reference to JAN1992 in Ellison's conference (Oracle CEO) on commercial RDBMS cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

The mainframe RDBMS DB2 group were complaining if I was allowed to go ahead, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of them. Within a few weeks of the Ellison meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for technical and scientific *ONLY* and we were told to we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Note some of the same people involved in the SNA misinformation (referenced upthread) were involved with this. We then decide to leave. 17Feb1992 press (technical and scientific *ONLY*)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992 press (surprised by national lab. interest)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Then some of the mainframe channel people become involved in fibre channel meetings and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput ... which is eventually announced as FICON. Peak I/O throughput benchmark for z196 got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre-channel). About the same time, a fibre channel was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over a million IOPS (two such fibre channel have greater throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee were told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. from IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

computer mediated communication posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

I had been doing some work with Jim Gray on the original relational/SQL, System/R. Then when he leaves IBM for Tandem, he writes a tome, "MIP Envy" and pawns off a bunch of stuff on me (conslting with the IMS DBMS group, other stuff). "Tandem Memos" is somewhat kicked off after I distribute a trip report about visit to Jim at Tandem. 20Sept1980 version of "MIP Envy" ... includes some reference to PL/S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
A slightly updated version at microsoft ... now redirects to
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/mipenvy.pdf

system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

Real trivia: after 5of6 corporate executive committee want to fire me, I was never, ever going to get any sort of promotion ... however the 6th member of the corporate executive committee funds some of my projects as if I had been promoted to the highest technical position.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 23 Sep 2017 19:27:02 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Many years application programmers knew what specific disk pack(s) their application would be stored on, and carefully estimated the number of cylinders the files would require. Backups were kept on tape. Only files needed on-line would be stored on disk, everything else was kept on cheaper tape. In 3330/2314 days, some disks were stored offline and mounted only when needed.

Today, disk file management is all transparent to application programmers. Want a 100 cylinders? Just code it in your JCL and you got it, no problem. Back then, 100 cylinders would require a formal meeting. I don't think they even use tape (cartridges) anymore. They finally got around to using compression, and I would dare say a mainframe application file could be heavily compressed.

Also, today, entire data files are read once from disk, then kept in cache storage, so subsequent jobs read from memory, not disk, and really fly.

I remained amazed that one Z machine replaced five 3033 machines yet runs much faster.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#33 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

3033 were 370, 16mbytes max real storage, 4.5MIPS ... five would be 22.5mips ... a single Dec2000 z900 processor is 3-4 times aggregate processing of five 3033.

Z machines:
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012
z13, 141 processors, 100BIPS (710MIPS/proc), Jan2015
z14, 170 processor, 150 BIPS, (882MIPS/proc), Aug2017

...

processor performance increase 5.6 times (156->882), max number of processor increase 10.6 times (16->170), max. configuration thruput increase 60 times (2.5bips->150bips).

I've commented periodically that current latency to real memory (cache miss) when measure in processor cycles is about the same as latency to late 60s disk when measured in late 60s processor cycles (i.e. memory is the new disk).

As a result there is increasing processor technology attempting to mask cache misses ... out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution, hyperthreading, etc ... given processor something to do while waiting on cache miss. Note that z196 documentation claims that something like half the throughput increase going from z10 to z196 is the introduction of some of these features (that have been in other platforms for decades).

lots of z/OS disk configuration is still expressed as 3390-54 disks (even tho they haven't existed for ages, or smaller 3390-1, 3390-3, 3390-9, etc)
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3390.html

aka 54gbyte capacity, i.e. 65520 data cylinders, 56,664 bytes per track, 849,960 bytes/cylinder ... all simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks. Issue was standard seek CCWs with two byte cylinder number and read/write CCWs with two byte r/w length.

More recently EAV creates fictional 3390s with increased number of cylinders (more than 64k) but keeps the 3390 57kbyte track length and 15 tracks/cylinder (all simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks).

They had convention of two byte cylinder number and two byte head number (CCHH). Since they now only use fictional 3390s with 15tracks/cylinder ... they've concocted a 28-bit cylinder number (up to 4096 times 3390-54) and a four-bit head number ... which all fits in four byte field (aka 8-hex digits from CCCCHHHH to CCCCCCCH). Since it is all pure simulation, they've have some latitude specifying fictional 3390 conventions ... aka how to interpret the 4-byte CCHH field.

past posts mentioning CKD, multi-track search, FBA, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

some still have tapes for backup/archive/DR (although some have used replacable disks from RAID configuration)
https://www.ibm.com/storage/tape
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_Tape-Open
latest
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/08/ibm-and-sony-cram-up-to-330tb-into-tiny-tape-cartridge/

recent posts mentioning cache-miss, memory access latency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#13 follow up to dense code definition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#86 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#28 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#87 IBM z14 High-lights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#88 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bullying trivia

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bullying trivia
Date: 23 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Bullying trivia: book and apple app about former coworker at the science center, author is across the border up in BC:
http://downloads.zdnet.com/product/31709-75651341/
Loads of pre-Internet emails, anecdotes and other computer science archival material, 12 video interviews with Edson Hendricks and 3 audio interviews of author/composer Leanne Jones, exploration of the "genius" and "inventive" mind, predicting the future, first email virus, advice to programmers, the origin of tektites, and so much more.Ideal for all ages, especially clever children 6+ and anyone with an interest in Internet history and inventing. How was the Internet really invented?
... snip ...

also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

It's Cool To Be Clever, The story of Edson C. Hendricks
https://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630/
IT'S COOL TO BE CLEVER tells the true story of an inquisitive boy in the 1950s who doesn't fit in at school. Edson Hendricks is bullied because he is so smart (people accuse him of getting answers from his father who is the principal) and has red hair. He finds comfort in an imaginary world where he has machine parts, and no internal organs or emotions.

Years later, Edson's strange capacity to think like a machine helps him create a new way for computers to communicate. His "connectionless" network design paves the way for today's Internet.

... snip ...

this comes up in the military discussions regarding rigid, top-down, command&control structure ... part of US culture ... bullying to enforce conforming and beating out individual initiative (& creativity). "Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901-1940, and the Consequences for World War II" highlights difference between US and Germany ... US focused on turning out conformity and stamping out initiative and creativity
https://www.amazon.com/Command-Culture-Education-1901-1940-Consequences-ebook/dp/B009K7VYLI/

one item was that Marshall so badly injured in hazing incident at military school, that he almost was unable to return ... would not have been there to run WW2. Author at 1st division museum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unu0fLYvc

I was exchanging a lot of email with the bullying author and at one point mentioned how bad the F35 was and she asked for references to forward to somebody. I sent her a whole bunch of detail ... and then find out she was talking about Canadian prime minister ... not long later, Canada makes some announcement about having significant doubts about the F35 and was instead looking at getting improved F18s.

although the F18 may now be on hold because Canada and Boeing are in dustup over
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-09-18/trudeau-says-canada-won-t-buy-boeing-jets-amid-bombardier-fight

disclaimer, I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings and got to know him pretty well
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
In that role, he was able--with the help of "the group"--to push successfully for the lightweight fighter program that incorporated the F-15, F-16, and later F-18 planes into the fleet during the 1960s and 1970s.

Together, the men at this gathering have also been credited with advancing close air support (CAS), including the design and introduction of the A-10 "Warthog" into the Air Force.

... snip ...

John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war
Off and on for about 20 years, I had the honor of working with the greatest military theorist America ever produced, Col. John Boyd, USAF. As a junior officer, Boyd developed the energy-management tactics now used by every fighter pilot in the world. Later, he influenced the designs of the F-15 and F-16, saving the former from becoming the turkey we are now buying in the F-35 and making the latter the best fighter aircraft on the planet. His magnum opus, a 12-hour briefing titled Patterns of Conflict, remains a vast mine of military wisdom, one unlikely to be exhausted in this century.
... snip ...

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

As part of my role in authoring financial standards ... there were lots of meetings & dinners with various factions in DC ... including in 1999 getting asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess. The local DC news will periodically refer to the what you see going on between the two parties as Kabuki Theater .... what you see going on publicly is more like Roman Circus ... distraction for the public and has very little to do with what is really going on.

Kabuki Theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.threater

Then in Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29 crash, resulting in criminal convictions and jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comment that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying the capital, also comments that there is at most two honest members left in congress).

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

networking/internet topic drift: late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to modern social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee were told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. from IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

In the wake of "tandem memos", the corporation created officially sanctioned and moderated (would censor posts) discussion groups.

In the early/mid 80s, I had a project called HSDT with T1 and faster speed links and working with director of NSF and was suppose to get $20m to interconnect the supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget and some other things happens and evenutally NSF releases RFP(in large part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. NSF Director tries to help by writting the company a letter (copying CEO) with support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse. As regional networks connect into the centers it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern Internet.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Want Proof that Corporate Money Influences Politicians? This New Study Has It. It really is no coincidence that the members of Congress who receive the most money from Wall Street are also the most hands-off on regulating it.
http://inthesetimes.com/article/20543/corporate-money-citizens-united-corruption

Above references Dodd-Frank ... there was lots of dirt on that process. Congress was being backed into corner to show that they did something.

#1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
... Dodd was a "Friends of #1"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program

"Confidence Men" pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

.. aka, wallstreet realized that they couldn't block economic reform legislation, so they became part of the effort with the objective of making it horribly complex and impossible to implement. Along the way, wallstreet lobbyists were caught providing draft sections, which would get leaked to the press, and then wallstreet would violently complain about the proposed regulations ... all part of discrediting the process.

"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

past Dodd-Frank posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#78 More Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Toys R Us: Another Private Equity Casualty

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Toys R Us: Another Private Equity Casualty
Date: 23 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
Toys R Us: Another Private Equity Casualty
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/09/toys-r-us-another-private-equity-casualty.html
Private Equity Firms Lose Remaining Stakes: But Obscene Profits Already Booked

The FT article points out that in 2005, Toys R Us hired Credit Suisse, who arranged for a consortium of Bain Capital Partners, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, and Vornado Realty Trust to do a leveraged buyout (LBO). The deal was valued at $6.6. billion dollars, with just over 20%- in cash, split equally- with the remainder financed by debt.

... snip ...

How Many of 2017's Retail Bankruptcies Were Caused by Private-Equity's Greed?
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2017/09/how-many-of-2017s-retail-bankruptcies-were-caused-by-private-equitys-greed/

over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally in private-equity mill
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

Private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Equality: The Impossible Quest

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Equality: The Impossible Quest
Date: 23 Sept 2017
Blog: Facebook
"Equality: The Impossible Quest" by van Creveld ... better known for his military strategy books
https://www.amazon.com/Equality-Impossible-Martin-van-Creveld-ebook/dp/B00UVLE20W/

My wife's dad was awarded a set of books (based on history lectures from 1880s), by the Daughters Of The 17th Century
http://www.colonialdaughters17th.org/

for some sort of distinction at West Point. They refer to that if it hadn't been for the influence from the mid-atlantic states (particularly Scotts), the northern/english states would have prevailed and the US would look much more like England with monarch and class hierarchy.

These days its is more common to frame it as Jefferson/Monroe against Hamilton and the Federalists. The Federalists were capable of waging their own "false news" campaign ... including framing Jefferson as dangerous infidel and godless for insisting on separation of Church and State

Equality, loc1919-21:
Nevertheless, already in 1774 socio-economic gaps among the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies were extremely wide. The top quintile held 95 percent of wealth, whereas the next four only owned 5 percent. [30] Jefferson himself was well aware of these facts. His objective in waging a prolonged campaign against the Federalists was precisely to prevent the gaps from growing larger still.
... snip ...

"Why Nations Fail"
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Origins-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8/

deals with the subject better, characterizing societies as inclusive/exclusive (rather than equality/inequality). One description is why (English) Jamestown almost starved to death. They had originally planned on emulating the Spanish model to enslave the natives to provide for them, but the North American natives weren't as easily coerced. The English then switched to sending over various groups of their own people as "slaves", pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations." Above the leet-men, who had no political power, were the landgraves and caziques, who were to form the aristocracy. Landgraves were to be allocated forty-eight thousand acres of land each, and caziques twenty-four thousand acres. There was to be a parliament, in which landgraves and caziques were represented, but it would be permitted to debate only those measures that had previously been approved by the eight proprietors.

Letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Monroe regarding a Bill of Rights, August 9, 1789
https://www.visitthecapitol.gov/exhibitions/artifact/letter-thomas-jefferson-james-monroe-regarding-bill-rights-august-9-1789
The Bill of Rights

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention disagreed over the need to list specific rights within the U.S. Constitution, but anti-Federalists insisted individual liberties--including the freedoms of speech, religion, and assembly--required protection from the new national government. Federalists promised these protections to entice opposing states to ratify the U.S. Constitution. Fulfilling that promise, members of the First Congress (1789-1791) proposed 12 amendments to the original U.S. Constitution. The states quickly ratified ten, known collectively as the Bill of Rights.

A number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

recent posts mentioning Jefferson
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#4 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#12 Separation church and state
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#25 Hamilton and "Fake News"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#10 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 24 Sep 2017 11:49:39 -0700
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
There are places who will cash a check for a 'nominal fee'. Which means 3% or more per check.

many of those check cashing are also payday lenders that charge exhorbetant fees ... many of these operations have been underwritten by TBTF institutions, as wey of getting around usury laws. old article

Big Banks Finance Payday Lenders: You Knew that but did you Know some also Make payday loans?
http://www.creditslips.org/creditslips/2011/12/big-banks-finance-payday-lenders-you-knew-that-but-did-you-know-some-also-make-payday-loans.html
GOP protects payday lenders; Ellison goes 0-for-3 on consumer protections
http://www.peoplesworld.org/article/gop-protects-payday-lenders-ellison-goes-0-for-3-on-consumer-protections/
Unbanked Facts to Jumpstart a Business Story
http://businessjournalism.org/2017/08/unbanked-facts-business-story/
An estimated 9 million U.S. households (7 percent overall), which includes 15.6 million adults and 7.6 million children, were unbanked in 2015, according to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).

That same FDIC report shows that an additional 24.5 million U.S. households, including 51.1 million adults and 16.3 million children, were underbanked in 2015.

A June 2016 report from Pew Charitable Trust cites an even higher number of unbanked American adults: approximately 37 million.

... snip ...

walmart study said 1/3rd of the customers were unbanked and/or underbanked and financial services was the number #1 request by their customers. The issue was that there wasn't sufficient profit margin per account by traditional TBTF. walmart was looking at ways to cut financial services costs per account by an order of magnitude or more. In one case, walmart was looking at acquiring an Utah ILC inorder to become its own merchant acaurier (part of credit card infrastructure). walmart does something like 25-30% of credit card transactions, and its existing TBTF merchant acquirer was making enormous profits. That TBTF then enlisted a congressional write-in campaign by community banks all over the country to protest walmart acquiring the Utah ILC claiming it would adversely impact their business (when it would actually adversely impact the merchant acquiring business of the single TBTF, not the community banks).

trivia: wallstreet banks have used congressional national writein campaigns dating back to 1800s ... having them object to some banking legislation ... when it would actually impact only a few (or evern a single) wall street institutions. By former member of congress

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich
loc754-62:
In 1872, the ring of bankers in New York sent the following circular to every bank in the United States: "Dear Sir: It is advisable to do all in your power to sustain such prominent daily and weekly newspapers, especially the agricultural and religious press, as will oppose the issuing of greenback paper money, and that you also withhold patronage or favors from all applicants who are not willing to oppose the Government issue of money. Let the Government issue the coin and the banks issue the paper money of the country, for then we can better protect each other. To repeal the law creating National Bank notes, or to restore to circulation the Government issue of money, will be to provide the people with money, and will therefore seriously affect your individual profit as bankers and lenders. See your Congressman at once, and engage him to support our interests that we may control legislation."
... snip ...

eventually leads to Federal Reserve controlled by the banks (not the government).

also, I've periodically mentioned that western union was doing poorly and First Financial and First Data were in bidding war to take-over. First Data then drops out because price got much higher than WU was worth. Then in late 90s, First Financial and First Data merge (First Data has to spin off MoneyGram as part of the merger). However after the start of the century, there is huge explosion in illegal workers sending paychecks home. By 2005, WU revenue exploded until it was half of First Data bottom line ... and First Data spins off WU. Part of the spin off motivation may have been the Mexican president invites First Data executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail (for the enormous profits WU was making off the illegal worker paychecks).

past payday lender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#19 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 "Too big to fail" was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#37 New phone scams

recent posts mentioning Western Union
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#100 Ray Tomlinson, inventor of modern email, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#35 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#131 Five myths about the Web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#49 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#65 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#66 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#45 Western Union Admits Anti-Money Laundering and Consumer Fraud Violations, Forfeits $586 Million in Settlement with Justice Department and Federal Trade Commission
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#15 The Geniuses that Anticipated the Idea of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#45 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#24 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad

past posts mentionin Utah ILC (in US banking legislation from several decades, a dozen or so Utah ILCs were allowed to do business nationally, but regulated by Utah state ... rather than FDIC and other US national regulations)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#42 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#47 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#58 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#12 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#25 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#19 Does anyone know of merchants who have successfully bypassed interchange costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#54 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#84 Support Senator Warren's Postal Banking Proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#46 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#8 "Too big to fail" was Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#41 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#45 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#70 [CM] What was your first home computer?

past posts mentioning Triumphant plutocracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#15 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#26 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#46 The China Threat: The MICC Pivots Obama Back to the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#82 What Makes Economic History Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#20 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#93 Oligarchy Controls U.S. War-Making
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#84 Support Senator Warren's Postal Banking Proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#55 US Entering New Era of Dirty Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#64 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#46 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#51 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 24 Sep 2017 14:46:59 -0700
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
They don't have to give you a checking account or lend you money you know. The risk to the bank from a savings account is minimal.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

but there are still overhead costs.

other trivia ... study 1st part of last decade had EU banks getting 9-10% of their bottom line off fees ... while it was 40-60% in the US. some past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#15 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#44 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#63 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#15 DEC and The Americans

late 90s, there was big issue with e-check whether it would settle via ATM or ACH ... ACH gave the bank an extra day or two of float
http://echeck.org/architectural-overview-of-the-fstc-echeck-system/

recent posts mentioing "float"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#37 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#120 EasyLink email ad

from recent thread on facebook

chip payment cards in europe were supposedly telco was either very expensive and/or not available. they allowed for offline transactions ... purely peer-to-peer exchange transactions between two chips (with stored value cards). The US magstripe stored-value (merchant and gift) cards were introduced in the mid-90s ... doing online transactions (rather than offline). I got called into audit/review the initial implementation because they had a backend processor glitch in early large pilot (they lost the account database, eventually had to restore to month old backup and adjust account values ... effectively users got a month of free spending).

I was then asked to design, size & cost backend dataprocessing for US national deployment for one of the EU cards. Along the way, I did a financial analysis ... it turns out almost the whole motivation was all the "float" on the stored-values were accrued by the international brand body. A couple months later, EU central banks decreed that they had to start paying interest on the stored-value (after initial early pilots). Shortly later they started disappearing ... also contributing was increasing online connectivity availability and price drops all over the world

...

retail store point-of-sale chipcard ... where chips are now starting to appear again ... aka trivia: in the early part of the century there was a very large east coast pilot of the chip payment cards (that are now finally reappearing after 15yrs) ... but this was in the yes card period where they had an enormous vulnerability ... was described at an ATM integrity task force meeting as they had managed to spend billions of dollars to prove that chips are less secure than magstripe. In the wake of the yes card event, all evidence of the pilot appears to have totally evaporated and speculation that it would be a very long time before it was tried in the US again (letting other jurisdictions work out problems in the desing & implementation).

I gave them a detailed description of the problems before the deployment ... but they went ahead with it anyway.

Old cartes2002 trip report with mention of yes card session (at bottom) ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

Yes Card posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Oct 2017 09:47:58 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Much better, too, If I understand you right. Linux under VM give you a lot of RAS features that native unix doesn't have. OTOH, if you're talking about the unix features of zOS, my personal impression of them is that they're junk.\\\\\ less than optimal. Most people that would use them are people already running zOS, but I don't think they're well-integrated, you might as well be running two separate machines.

Amdahl "GOLD" (AT&T UNIX development name for UTS) and IBM AIX/370 (developed from UCLS Locus unix work-alike) were both made available under VM/370. The (IBM) explanation was that field engineering wouldn't service machines that didn't have proper EREP (error recording & reporting) ... the effort to add "proper" EREP to UNIX was several times larger than the straight forward port to 370 (resulting in running in virtual machine, relying on VM370 to perform EREP).

In the 70s, I got roped into helping endicott doing ECPS (138/148 vm/370 microcode assist) ... (high frequency) parts of vm/370 kernel pathlength dropped into machine microcode. 138/148 (and followon 4331/4341) were "vertical" microcode that avg. ten native machine instructure for every ten emulated 370 instruction. Original ECPS guidelines was that there would be 6k bytes of microcode storage available and the objective was to select the 6k bytes of vm370 pathlength for ECPS. Old post about selecting 6k bytes of instruction which accounted for nearly 80% of vm370 pathlength ... dropping into native instructure got a 10:1 speedup.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

later in the 80s, I got permission to give talks at BAYBUNCH meetings (monthly tech. meetings hosted by SLAC) about the ECPS implementation. After the meetings, it was common to adjourn to local watering holes, I got a lot of questions from the Amdahl people doing the hypervisor (i.e. subset of virtual machine functions implemented in "macrocode", hardware machine intermediate internal 370-like instruction set).

Note that high end machines were "horizontal" microcode which was extremely difficult to program in. "macrocode" was layer above "horizontal" microcode that was significantly simpler to program. When the 3090 people had to respond to Amdahl's hypervisor with PR/SM (and LPARs, virtual machine subset implemented in hardware), it was all in native horizontal microcode which was a much more difficult and lengthy process.

Note these days ... almost all large machine operation is run in LPARs (rather than bare hardware). z/linux can either be run in LPAR or under z/VM (running in LPAR).

past posts mentioning (unix) EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#0 EREP , sense ... manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#24 Seeking Info on XDS Sigma 7 APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#35 The very first text editor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#38 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#39 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#3 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#53 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#69 Operating systems are old and busted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#10 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#9 Open z architecture and Linux questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#41 New, 40+ yr old, direction in operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#47 Linux zSeries questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#41 IBM announced z10 ..why so fast...any problem on z 9
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#55 Virtual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#37 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#24 How to reduce the overall monthly cost on a System z environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#26 IBM_s_newest_mainframe_is_all_Linux_
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#61 (slightly OT - Linux) Did IBM bet on the wrong OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#44 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#49 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#54 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#34 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#92 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#17 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#50 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#102 SEX

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Oct 2017 10:14:56 -0700
Gene Wirchenko <genew@telus.net> writes:
When things are slow on something that should be quick, I sometimes say, "Later that same day ...".

original EMV chip specification >20yrs ago was 8+ seconds. I did my first EMV transaction 2yrs ago ... and it was still original specification ... plus with magstripe, it could be swiped during time purchase was being rung up and then performed in less than second at the end. chip had to be done after everything else was done (when you were ready to walk out).

In the mid-90s, I had gotten sucked into financial standards group that had been given requirement to preserve the integrity of financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (point-of-sale, face-to-face, unattended, internet, etc, aka *ALL*) ... this is compared to EMV which was point-of-sale *ONLY* and SET which was internet *ONLY*.

Afterwards, did a chip for the protocol ... objective was much much more secure than any of the existing chips, much less expensive and requirement that it work either contact or contactless. The transit industry then asked that the contactless be done in transite turnstyle time (<.10 seconds) using just RF contactless power ... w/o impacting security or cost

old post w/press from 1999 world-wide retail banking show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI this week

AADS chip reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads
x9.59 standards reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
misc. x9.59 related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

for various reasons it would have impacted various vested interests and never was deployed than some pilots ... reference to NACHA sponsored pilot doing ATM (debit) internet transactions ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine ... old nacha internet council news site ... details of the AADS pilot, click on the 23July2001 reference
http://web.archive.org/web/20070706004855/http://internetcouncil.nacha.org/News/news.html

other trivia ... about the same time as the NACHA internet debit pilot, there was a very large EMV (chip&pin) point-of-sale pilot in the US ... but it was during the yes card period ... characterized at a 2003 ATM integrity task force meeting as "they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove chips are less secure than magstripe". For what ever reason, they insisted on doing the pilot even when the exploits were explained to them ... and had to experience themselves ... then in the wake of the yes card experience, all evidence of the pilot appeared to evaporate w/o a trace ... and it was speculated that it would be a long time before it was tried again in the US (let the bugs be worked out in smaller less impacted jurisdictions).

old (UK) trip-report from cartes2002 ... yes card reference at the bottom ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

past yes card posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Oct 2017 11:04:04 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
And given that IBM/Sequent, SGI and to a lesser extent Oracle had employees that were contributing to Linux (e.g. Sequents RCU algorithms), it's not at all surprising that Linux has many similarities with the various flavors of Unix (SVR4/Solaris, AIX, IRIX, Dynix, SVR4/MK, CTIX, Amadeus, OSF/AD et alia), each of which had unique kernel source bases (while using either Unix or BSD userland utilities).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#43 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

linux also uses lots of GNU, reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Software_Foundation

open software foundation ... formed in 1988 as counter to AT&T/SUN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation

ROMP (801/RISC) was research/OPD that was originally targeted for displaywriter followon. when that got canceled (somewhat with the rise of IBM/PC word processing), it was retarged to UNIX workstation market. They got the company that had done the AT&T unix port for IBM/PC (PC/IX) to do one for ROMP ... which came out as PC/RT and AIX. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

In the same period, the newly formed university group was given severnal hundred million dollars to spread around ... lots of it went to support BITNET ... corporate sponsored university network ... bitnet reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

was larger than arpanet/internet for a time, using similar technology used in the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

The group also provided funding to MIT Project Athena to the tune of $25M (jointly with DEC that also provided $25M) ... X-windows, kerberos, etc.

athena reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Athena

They also provided $50M to CMU stuff, MACH (unix work alike), Andrew filesystem, camelot (transaction processing).

CMU mach reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mach_(kernel)
CMU AFS refereence
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_File_System

The Palo Alto group was working with Berkeley on BSD port to mainframe 370 ... when they got redirected to do it for PC/RT that came out as AOS alternative to AIX.

The Palo Alto group was also working with UCLA on Locus (another unix work alike) ... which eventually ships as AIX/370 and AIX/386 (had distributed filesystem, including support distributed file fragments and transparent process migration across distributed computers ... in some cases even being able to do process migration across dissimilar architectures) ... aka AIX/370/386 (UCLA Locus) had little directly to do with the PC/RT AIX (AT&T UNIX).

locus reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_(operating_system)
OSF/1 reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tru64_UNIX#OSF.2F1_AD

other trivia, in the 90s, sequent also ran NT ... and the dynix people claimed that they did most of the NT multiprocessor SMP scaleup work (reasonable increasing throughput as number of processors increase).

other sequent drift/trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#44 learning Unix, was progress in e-mail, such as AOL

we had been brought as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". They also provided online WEB servers for downloading their software. This was before internet routers that did load-balancing to backend servers ... it was also during the FINWAIT problem ... HTTP requests causing FINWAIT list size to explode ... & FINWAIT processing starting to consume 99% of server CPU ... so they were constantly adding additional WEB servers and instructing users to specify the different WEB server names. They finally brought in a SEQUENT server ... which solved the problem, SEQUENT had "fixed" FINWAIT problem in Dynix well before it showed up for WEB servers.

some past posts mentioning FINWAIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#1 Early tcp development?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#164 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#3 The demise of compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#14 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#46 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#42 TCP channel half closed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#33 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#2 Hey! Keep Your Hands Out Of My Abstraction Layer!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#37 Curiosity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#11 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#38 Problem with TCP connection close
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#28 Yet another squirrel question - Results (very very long post)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#36 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#7 IBM in Talks to Buy Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#76 Tiny-traffic DoS attack spotlights Apache flaw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#44 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#62 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#51 Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#11 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#6 Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#89 False Start's sad demise: Google abandons noble attempt to make SSL less painful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#8 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#48 Google takes on Internet Standards with TCP Proposals, SPDY standardization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#13 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#26 There Is Still Hope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#76 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#2 Knowledge Center Outage May 3rd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#25 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#71 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#96 TCP joke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#113 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#43 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#127 Early Networking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#52 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#54 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Temporary Data Sets

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Temporary Data Sets
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 3 Oct 2017 23:11:00 -0700
0000000248cce9f3-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Edward Finnell) writes:
For decades MVS has honored the concept of public, Storage and private DASD. Numerous SHARE papers on how to configure DASD subsystems in order to reduce contention and optimize thruput. WSC under Ray Wicks produced many of them. One of my favorites was the 'The Big Pitcher'. Properly administered SMS can enhance the basic concepts and augment them with storage overflow.   If we had more info on the problem better suggestions could be provided. One of the old tricks was to preallocate sortwks and pass them thru the life of the job. No need to worry about vol=ref

back when CKD were real ... (rather than various kinds of simulation on industry fixed-block disks ... all that rotational positioning and arm motion, track lengths ... are all fiction) ... I was increasingly pointing out that disk wasn't keeping up with computer technology and by the early 80s was saying that disk relative system throughput had declined by a factor of ten times since the 60s (disk throughput increased 3-5 times, processor and memory throughput increased 40-50 times).

Some disk division executive took exception and assigned the division performance group to refute the statements. after several weeks they eventually came back and effectively said that I had slightly under stated the problem. The analysis was then respun as disk configuration recommendations for improving system throughput ... SHARE presentation B874. old post with part of the early 80 comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31
old posts with pieces of B874
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#56
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3

note that memory is the new disk ... current latency for cache miss, memory access ... when measured in count of processor cycles is similar to 60s disk latency when measured in 60s processor cycles .... it is part of the introduction of out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution, hyperthreading ... stuff that can go on while waiting on stalled instruction (waiting for memory on cache miss) .... these show up in z196 (accounting for at least half the performance improvement over z10) ... much of this stuff have been in other platforms for decades.

trivia: 195 pipeline had out-of-order execution ... but no branch prediction and/or speculative execution ... so conditional branches stalled the pipeline, most applications would only ran at half 195 rated performance. I got dragged into proposal to hyperthread 195 ... two instruction streams simulating multiprocessor ... two simulated processors running programs around half throughput ... then would keep 195 running at rated speed. It was never done ...

IBM hyper/multi threading patents mentioned in this post about the end of ACS/360
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

and from Amdahl interview in the above:
IBM management decided not to do it, for it would advance the computing capability too fast for the company to control the growth of the computer marketplace, thus reducing their profit potential. I then recommended that the ACS lab be closed, and it was.
... snip ...

end of the article has some of the acs/360 features that show up more than 20yrs later in es/9000.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
Date: 04 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2011/10/19/retirement-heist-how-firms-plunder-workers-nest-eggs/#79f9139d7275
and
https://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-Plunder-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K/
IBM specific reference
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1193-95:
According to economists' estimates, such collusion between asset management firms and companies is robbing a large proportion of the retirees of the company of a noticeable share of their retirement benefits. Losses for investors in small fund families with large 401(k) plans can reach more than 13 percent (Cohen and Schmidt 2009).

loc1200-1206:
There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.
loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."

... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

401(k)s are retirement robbery: How the Koch brothers, Wall Street and politicians conspire to drain Social Security
http://www.salon.com/2014/05/10/401ks_are_retirement_robbery_how_the_koch_brothers_wall_street_and_politicians_conspire_to_drain_social_security/
The federal insurance fund protecting millions of pensions is running out of cash
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/get-there/wp/2016/05/30/the-federal-insurance-fund-protecting-millions-of-pensions-is-running-out-of-cash/

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.
... snip ...

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc:1155-59:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."
... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets Nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking some cherished economic theories

From "4Oct" (today) 7yr old post:

62 Million Contracts are now no longer perfectable. Blame me?
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001284.html

above references article
The result could force the biggest banks into bankruptcy because having millions of homeowners get title to their homes with no further mortgage payment would decimate the asset portfolio. As pointed out in a San Francisco Chronicle article in 2007:
... snip ...

1999 I was asked to try & help stop the economic mess. I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (put in a few million, hype for a year or two, IPO for a couple billion, objective was it fails so field is clear for next round of IPOs, pump&dump but on larger scale), and were predicted next to get into securitized mortgages.

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild was office bldgs in dallas area that turned out to be empty lots). I was to improve the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies know they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into the role that the rating agencies played in the economic mess). Triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans, also largely enables being able to do over $27T (trillion) 2001-2008 (also enables selling to operations required to only deal in "safe" investments, like large institutional pension funds). From the law of unintended consequences, the largest fines so far for the economic mess are for the TBTF robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents.

S&L crises post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#S&L.crisis
"economic mess" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
Too Big To Fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
triple-A rated toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

A major institution contracted to administer the fines for the benefit of the victim borrowers ... acquired by IBM ... from "3Oct" (today) 1yr old post: IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real (includes quite a few URLs about institution past)
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10209834284309417
IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
https://www.americanbanker.com/news/ibm-buying-promontory-clinches-it-regtech-is-real

some past refs

Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the OCC Overlooked "Independent" Reviewer Promontory's Keystone Cops Act (Part VB)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/02/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-vb.html
Regulatory Looting, Promontory-Style: Botched Foreclosure Reviews Alone Generate More than Double Goldman's Revenues per Employee
http://batrdailybusinessreport.blogspot.com/2013/06/regulatory-looting-promontory-style.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: Why the OCC Overlooked "Independent" Reviewer Promontory's Keystone Cops Act (Part VB)
http://stopforeclosurefraud.com/2013/02/11/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-vb/
Insider Says Promontory's OCC Foreclosure Reviews for Wells are Frauds. Brought to You by HUD Sec. Donovan By Abigail Field, a freelance writer and attorney who blogs at Reality Check Foreclosure Fraud - Fighting Foreclosure Fraud
http://4closurefraud.org/2012/02/27/abigail-field-insider-says-promontorys-occ-foreclosure-reviews-for-wells-are-frauds-brought-to-you-by-hud-sec-donovan-by-abigail-field-a-freelance-writer-and-attorney-who-blogs-at-reali/
Promontory , Under Investigation by New York Department of Financial Services
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/07/new-york-times-dealbook-underplays-misconduct-by-regulatory-fixer-promontory-under-investigation-by-new-york-department-of-financial-services.html
New York Department of Financial Services Slams Bank Fixer Promontory Group, Hitting it in Its Profits and Reputation
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/08/new-york-department-of-financial-services-slams-bank-fixer-promontory-group-hitting-it-in-its-profits-and-reputation.html
New York investigating consulting firms Promontory and PwC in laundering cases
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/new-york-investigating-consulting-firms-promontory-and-pwc-in-laundering-cases/2013/09/13/2e40627c-1c7f-11e3-82ef-a059e54c49d0_story.html
Promontory's Role In The Dodd-Frank Game
http://swampland.time.com/2013/09/16/one-firms-role-in-the-dodd-frank-game/?iid=sl-main-belt
Foreclosures (2012 Robosigning and Mortgage Servicing Settlement)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/f/foreclosures/index.html
Is BofA's Foreclosure Review Really Independent? You Be the Judge
http://www.propublica.org/article/is-bofas-foreclosure-review-really-independent-you-be-the-judge
Settling The Foreclosure Reviews: Winners And Losers
http://www.forbes.com/sites/francinemckenna/2013/01/08/settling-the-foreclosure-reviews-winners-and-losers/
OCC Bungled Foreclosure Settlement from Start to Finish
http://www.americanbanker.com/issues/178_45/occ-bungled-foreclosure-settlement-from-start-to-finish-1057304-1.html
OCC Releases Embarrassing List of Foreclosure Review Payouts on Eve of Senate Hearings
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/occ-releases-embarrassing-list-of-foreclosure-review-payouts-on-eve-of-senate-hearings.html
Foreclosed Homeowners Got $300, Bank's Consultants Got $2 Billion
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/279-82/17181-foreclosed-homeowners-got-300-banks-consultants-got-2-billion

some past posts mentioning Promontory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#16 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#36 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#64 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#50 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#63 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#64 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 04 Oct 2017 22:49:16 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
Incidentally, x86 and S/360 have both done it *twice*. On x86 we had the EMS/EEMS madness in the real mode days, then PAE at the end of the 32-bit days (and note that PAE was never supported for a client version of Windows, just because MS could never get client device driver vendors to do LME support properly). S/360 did it at the end of the 24-bit era with the 3033 extensions, which used two otherwise unused bits in the PTEs to expand real addressing (so very much like x86 PAE), abandoned as soon as possible with the introduction of 31-bit (XA) mode, and then a second time at the end of the 31-bit era, with "expanded storage", which, while not quite a direct addressing extension, allowed fast paging and caching, again abandoned with 64-bit mode.

MVS had two problems in 3033 time-frame ... 24bit virtual addressing and 24bit real addressing. Enormous MVS kernel bloat was having trouble getting effective 3033 throughput ... needed much larger real storage, hack was to get 26-bit (64mbyte) real addressing ... using two unused PTE bits to map 24bit virtual addresses into 26bit real addresses.

There was "bring down" issue with some pages above the 16mbyte line that needed to be brought down below the line, POK had some pilot code to use IDAL to write the page out and bring it back in below the line. I gave then some hack code that used two dummy PTEs filled in w/the appropriate page numbers ... and MVCL for the "bring down".

The other problem was OS/360 APIs were heavily pointer passing ... OS/VS2 SVS was basically MVT remapped into 16mbyte virtual address space (almost identical to running MVT in 16mbyte virtual machine). Move to MVS gave each application 16mbyte virtual address space ... but in order to preserve pointer-passing API, MVS kernel was mapped into 8mbytes of every application address space. Then each subsystem which had direct addressing in SVS were also given there individual address space. In order to do pointer passing API, a "common segment" was mapped into every address space for passing parameters between applications and subsystems. "Common segment" requirements proportional to concurrent applications and subsystems ... by 3033, common segment had become "common system area" (CSA) and was frequently 5-6mbytes and threatening to become 8mbytes (leaving zero space for applications).

This was addressed by "access registers" in XA ... somebody retrofitted a subset of XA access registers to 3033 as dual-address space mode (they left IBM shortly afterwards, to work on HP risc "snake" processor and then was one of the architects for Itanium).

expanded store came with 3090 (mid-80s) ... because memory technology of the period couldn't package needed memory within distance/latency of the processor spec. ... put additional memory on the end of fast/wide expanded store bus ... and synchronous instructions that moved 4k bytes at a time between processor memory and expanded store (much more efficient that electronic paging device) ... "move page"
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9AR004/7.5.59?SHELF=EZ2HW125&DT=19970613131822
more recent ... now used for other than expanded store
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.26?DT=20040504121320

later new memory technology made it all processor memory and no more "real" expanded store ... but LPAR configuration allowed portions of "processor memory" to be used as simulated expanded store (because of some pecularities of page replacement algorithms originally developed during the 3090 days).

expanded store bus was also used for fast I/O. 3090 (mid-80) days there was lots of stuff developed for 100mbyte/sec transfers (standardization of parallel copper cray channel, then fibre channel concurrent 1gbit/sec in both directions) 3090 was 3mbyte/sec channel and no direct way of making fast i/o work. There was hack cut into the side of expanded store bus for fast i/o devices ... and a peek/poke like protocol (rather than channel programs) ... synchronous transfer to reserved expanded store addresses for fast I/O control.

part of the issue I recently pontificated (ibm-main mailing list), disk throughput increases weren't keeping up with overall systems, as a result there was increasing reliance on various kinds of caching, electronc systems.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#46 Temporary Data Sets

trivia: 3081 had to do the 64mbyte PTE hack and the dual address space mode for some time, because customers weren't migrating to MVS/XA as planned.

trivia: before "expanded store" ... 3350 had fixed-head feature and I had proposal to to add multiple exposures (used by 2305 paging disk) that allowed for data transfer overlapped with arm motion and rotational delay). There was group in POK that wanted to do electronic paging device called VULCAN and they thought my 3350 thing would impact their sales and got it canceled. Before VULCAN shipped, they got canceled because they were told that IBM was selling all memory chips it could make as processor memory at higher markup.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 05 Oct 2017 10:25:54 -0700
reposted from ibm-main mailing list
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85
IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s

James W. Cortada

Abstract:

IBM branch offices were the company's local face around the world in the 20th century. Its sales and customer support came out of these organizations, which are described here, using the example of one branch office as a historical case study. Additionally, personal perspectives on their role of having worked with these during the 1970s and 1980s are provided.

Published in: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing ( Volume: 39, Issue: 3, 2017 )

...

one of the issues after 23jun1969 unbundling announcement was how to handle the training of new SEs ... previously it was sort of journeyman training as part of large SE group at customer site. Unbundling started to charge for SE time at the customer ... and they couldn't figure out how to *NOT* charge for the SE trainee time. past posts mentiong 23jun1969 unbundling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

The solution was HONE ... hands-on network environment, online to (originally) CP67 virtual machine datacenters (later moved to vm370) ... being able to practice with running guest operating systems in virtual machines. I provided highly customized & enhanced CP67 operating systems (and later VM370) to HONE from just about the beginning until sometime in the mid-80s. One of early enhancements was to provide simulation of the newly announced 370 instructions ... so guest operating systems generated for 370s could be run under CP67. some past posts mentioning HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

The science center (besides doing CP40, CP67, CMS, GML, internal network ... technology also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET ... where ibm-main mailing list originated) ... early on, also ported APL\360 to CMS as CMS\APL. HONE then started offering CMS\APL based sales&marketing support applications ... eventually the sales&marketing support applications started to dominate all HONE activity (salesmen edging out trainee SEs at branch office terminals) ... and the original HONE use for guest operating systems dwindled away. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
post mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
posts mentioning corporate sponsored univ network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

Mid-70s, all the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto (trivia when FACEBOOK originally moved to silicon valley, it was into new bldg next door to the old HONE datacenter). Their VM370 systems were enhanced to support single-system-image ... possibly largest in the world, eight large POK multiprocessor all operating as single complex with load balancing and fall-over across the complex. In the early 80s, this was replicated first in dallas and then in boulder ... with fall-over for disaster survivability across the three datacenters. Also, by mid-70s, mainframe configurations were getting so complex, that all new customer orders had to be first be run through HONE configurators.

Also by late 70s, various IBM factions were demanding that HONE be migrated to MVS, the corporation's "favorite son operating system" ... and periodically all HONE resources were being devoted to MVS migration, eventually fail ... and then things would settle back to normal for a little while ... and then it would start all over. After several of these failed attempts, in the first part of the 80s, they started blaming me (and my enhanced vm370 operating systmes) for all the failed attempts to migrate to MVS.

During the late 70s period, head of POK had made some internal proclamations that VM370 was being killed as product (part of the initial motivation for migrating HONE to MVS) ... which initiated huge protests from HONE & marketing ... and POK had to spend several months walking back the proclamation (reassuring HONE and marketing organization).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 05 Oct 2017 11:41:41 -0700
When Working From Home Doesn't Work; IBM pioneered telecommuting. Now it wants people back in the office.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/11/when-working-from-home-doesnt-work/540660/

The idea of telecommuting was still a novelty. But this little solution seemed effective. By 1983, about 2,000 IBMers were working remotely. The corporation eventually realized that it could save millions by selling its signature buildings and institutionalizing distance work; the number of remote workers ballooned.

... snip ...

I've had online keyboard at home since Mar1970

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
Date: 05 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
https://www.wsj.com/articles/russian-hackers-stole-nsa-data-on-u-s-cyber-defense-1507222108

... former president of AMEX and IBM CEO leaves to become head of major private equity company that will heavily lobby for gov. outsourcing last decade ... Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy

along with acquiring major beltway bandits ... including company that will employ Snowden ... 70% of budget and over half the people ... private equity companies are under heavy pressure to cut corners as part of providing funds to their owners.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

Some of the private equity companies that security clearances were outsourced to, were found to be filling out the paper work and not actually doing the background checks. All of this also significantly accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (found that they make more money from series of failures).
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

... also shutdown a $4M project that was showing results before 9/11 because it was making a several billion dollar project look bad.

... trivia: "Barbarians at the Capital" is take-off on
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

AMEX and KKR were in competition for private-equity LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into some trouble with RJR and hires away president of AMEX to help turn things around ... using some of the same techniques later used at IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

posts mentioning former AMEX president
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts mentioning success of failure culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

Russian spies used Kaspersky AV to hack NSA contractor, swipe exploit code - new claim
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/10/05/anonymous_report_russian_spies_used_kaspersky_lab_software_to_steal_nsa_secrets/
Russian Hackers Pilfered Data from NSA Contractor's Home Computer: Report ;Classified information and hacking tools from the US National Security Agency landed in the hands of Russian cyberspies, according to a Wall Street Journal report.
https://www.darkreading.com/cloud/russian-hackers-pilfered-data-from-nsa-contractors-home-computer-report/d/d-id/1330056

not the 1st time ...

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad

past posts mentioning (gov/contractors) "cyberdumb"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s
Date: 06 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#49 IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How They Worked, 1920s-1980s

I got dragged into doing a project that would take a 37x5/NCP/VTAM emulator that one of the baby bells did for Series/1 ... and turn it out as type-1 project. It was well known that communication group would pull all sorts of internal political strings ... so went to the largest 37x5 customer and cut a deal for them to completely fund the effort ... eliminating communication group to attack the effort based on funding. The customer justification analysis was that they recovered their complete costs within nine months ... just by having it as type1 product.

I did a comparison of sample of large customer configurations for real 37x5/NCP/VTAM against the Series/1 simulation and presented the information at SNA ARB meeting in Raleigh. Raleigh executives started out by attacking that the 37x5/NCP/VTAM data was invalid. However, I showed that I took the information directly from the communication group's HONE 37x5 configurators. They then tried generating all sort of FUD to obfuscate the issues. Finally what they did to totally shutdown the effort can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. Part of the SNA/ARB presentation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67
from presentation that one of the baby bell people did at COMMON user group meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

trivia: early on, the science center had tried hard to convince CPD to use the S/1 "peachtree" processor for the 3705 rather than the UC processor (which was a significantly less capable processor). During my SNA/ARB presentation in raleigh ... the technical people really, really liked it ... it was much, much better than what they were dealing with in NCP & 37x5 boxes ... the baby bell had also done it with less than 1/10th the people working on NCP (not to mention all the people supporting VTAM). It were the executives in the meeting that had real sour look. After the meeting, one of the VPs cornered me and asked who authorized me to give the talk (implication was he was going to make sure such things never happened again).

Other trivia, folklore is that some of the former OS/360 MFT people from Kingston had gone to Boca and tried to reimplement MFT for S/1 as RPS (heavy weight and bloated for the S/1 processor). It was some physics graduate summer students at IBM San Jose Research that were responsible for doing original EDX.

and other trivia: Mid-80s, Top IBM executives were predicting IBM revenue would double mostly based on mainframe business ... and there was big internal construction going on to double manufacturing capacity (like bldg 50 in San Jose). Late 80s, PCs had became much more powerful and the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing. A senior disk engineer got a talked scheduled at annual, worldwide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance but started out with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate responsibility for everything that crossed the datacenter walls and trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions but they were constantly vetoed by the communication group. It turns out to affect the whole mainframe datacenter business and few short years later, IBM goes into the red.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 11:02:34 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Instead of wasting my time setting up useless (except for 5 minutes) formal meetings, I would take my notebook and pencil and sit by the coffee machine. While each person of interest would pour and doctor his/her coffee, I would ask my questions. Interestingly, I would get 99% of the information during the pouring/doctoring of coffee time. The person would walk away and I would wait for the next person. One of managers got interested in what I was doing and sat in another chair to watch. Within 20-25 minutes I had everything I needed, including the items which needed more thought and a meeting. This manager finally spoke with awe and admiration about my technique. Coffee machine areas are wonderful places to get detail information.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#50 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

similar ... including learning things you wouldn't really learn any other way

Management by walking about
http://www.economist.com/node/12075015

• Managers consistently reserving time to walk through their departments and/or to be available for impromptu discussions. (MBWA frequently goes together with an open-door management policy.)

• Individuals forming networks of acquaintances throughout their organisations.

• Lots of opportunities for chatting over coffee or lunch, or in the corridors.

• Managers getting away from their desks and starting to talk to individual employees. The idea is that they should learn about problems and concerns at first hand. At the same time they should teach employees new methods to manage particular problems. The communication goes both ways. ... snip ...

Management By Wandering Around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_by_wandering_around

above references ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_quality_management

... trivia some amount of "lean" will now reference Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other drift ... from long ago and far away

Real Programmers never work 9 to 5. If any Real Programmers are around at 9 AM, it's because they were up all night.

... gets into "real programming" requires intense concentration and no interruptions. some recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#24 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#72 Five Outdated Leadership Ideas That Need To Die
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#19 And it's gone --The true cost of interruptions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#27 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Here's a horrifying thought for all you management types

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Here's a horrifying thought for all you management types....
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 6 Oct 2017 11:53:51 -0700
cfmpublic@NS.SYMPATICO.CA (Clark Morris) writes:
While the last systems programming job I did was 27 years ago and I wouldn't know how to safely power on and IPL a system today (3081s didn't have LPARs let alone HMCs) that is ridiculous. At least I know how to play with SMF 30 records in COBOL and modify other peoples assembler code. I am not willing to move from Nova Scotia so I am not looking for the job although I might take short assignments. Retirement is nice.

3081 did have service processor which then had increasing functions.

field engineering had diagnostic process that started with scoping individual components. 3081 had components in TCMs and could no longer (directly) scoped. For TCMs, service processors were introduced with probes into TCMs for doing diagnostics ... and engineers had bootstrap process starting with being able to (directly) scope/diagnose the service processor ... which then could be used to diagnose the 3081.

3090 service processor started out was to be 4331 running customized version of VM370 release 6 ... it was then changed to a pair of 4361. PR/SM (LPARs) was eventually introduced for 3090 as reaction to Amdahl's "hypervisor". Amdahl had created macrocode ... which was intermediate 370-like instructions ... and enormously easier to program than the native machine horizontal micrcode (originaly done to the increasing number of architecture tweaks that IBM was making). It was then used to implementation hypervisor (virtual machine subset). 3090 took quite a bit longer to respond to Amdahl's hypervisor (with PR/SM, LPAR) because it had to be done in the low-level native horizontal microcode.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
Date: 06 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say that?
... snip ...

including stock buybacks, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
and private-equity, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

recent posts mentioning economics &/or economists
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#104 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#0 Locking our own orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#69 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#74 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#89 Understanding decisions: The power of combining psychology and economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#96 Cognitive Bias Codex, 2016
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#12 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#4 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#12 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#42 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#64 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#73 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#92 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#102 pneumatic cash systems was Re: [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#45 "Subprime Is Contained" (& Other Evidence That "They Really Don't Know What They're Doing")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#46 Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#60 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#24 Systemic Risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
Date: 06 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
https://theprint.in/2017/09/27/china-mega-fortress-djibouti-pakistan/

while this appeared in recent novel ... there seemed to be way too much truth in it ... The Bangkok Asset
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00PEPO9V2/

pg4/loc238-46:
"We have it on the hard disk," she said. "About five minutes ago, right? When the mist cleared. This machine automatically switches between radar and video. The video is in color, quadruple HD, with about a thousand dots per inch, that's nearly double the pixel density of the most advanced screens and cameras commercially available. They're keeping the technology secret for the moment." "Radar, too? I didn't know satellites used it." She jerked her chin at the gadget. "Synthetic aperture radar: SAR. It can penetrate cloud, even the earth up to about six inches. The Chinese were allowed to steal it from the U.S." She cast me a glance, aware, I suppose, of how odd the phrase allowed to steal sounded. Also, how was I to react to the information that we were using the "borrowed" Chinese version of the gadget? "Intelligence is complicated. Actually, it's a mess. The most overgoverned democracy in the world privatizes government so they can pretend they're not overgoverned.
... snip ...

Advisories have danced through our military networks for years, acquiring all sorts of top-secret military information. Can our military contracters really be that incompetent and cyberdumb?

Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html
Weapon systems will remain vulnerable to hackers for "decades," Air Forces Cyber Commander says
https://www.fedscoop.com/weapon-systems-will-remain-vulnerable-to-hackers-for-decades-air-forces-cyber-commander-says/
Chinese hacked U.S. military contractors: Senate panel
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-military-cyberspying-idUSKBN0HC1TA20140918
Why China hacks the world
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2016/0131/Why-China-hacks-the-world

recent posts mentioning "cyberdumb"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 07 Oct 2017 10:37:31 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
My take is that OS's of conventional design would like several times more address space than the largest virtual address space they'll support and/or the total physical address space. An OS would really like to address the application's address space, it's own address space, all of the physical address space, and in many cases a second application address space, all at once. So a couple of extra bits.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future

because CSA (shared memory that appears in all address spaces for passing parameters/data between code in different address spaces) was threatening to grow to occupy the all available space ... a subset of 370/xa access registers were retrofitted to 3033 as dual-address space mode. kernel would enter subsystem virtual address space ... with a 2nd virtual address space register for the calling application. the subystem has its own address space ... but also a pointer to the the calling application's virtual address space ... where it can retrieve and store data.

the original 370-xa architecture was internally referred to as 811 ... for its Nov1978 publication dates.

full access registers had up to eight different virtual address spaces and hardware program call/return instructions ... with hardware supported tables with rules about how virtual address space pointers are changed when calls/returns occur across different virtual address spaces (doesn't require pass through kernel to swap virtual address space pointers when switching between execution in different address spaces).

it now has 16 .... 2.3.6 access registers
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/2.3.6?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320

program call
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.34?DT=20040504121320
program return
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.35?DT=20040504121320

original was purely hierarchical (push/pop) ... now can be non-hiearchical
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.36?DT=20040504121320
and
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.37?DT=20040504121320

for the fun of it, discussion of address types:
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/3.2.1?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320
3.2.1.1 Absolute Address 3.2.1.2 Real Address 3.2.1.3 Virtual Address 3.2.1.4 Primary Virtual Address 3.2.1.5 Secondary Virtual Address 3.2.1.6 AR-Specified Virtual Address 3.2.1.7 Home Virtual Address 3.2.1.8 Logical Address 3.2.1.9 Instruction Address 3.2.1.10 Effective Address
... snip ...

misc. recent points mentioning "access register"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#46 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#90 IBM Embraces Virtual Memory -- Finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#116 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#35 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#3 S/360 stacks, was self-modifying code, Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#111 Definition of "dense code"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#61 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#40 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 07 Oct 2017 11:00:17 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future

other trivia ... I've periodically comment that John did 801/risc to go to the opposite of the extremely complex failed future system effort.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Besides reduced instruction ... there was a lot of other hardware simplification that was suppose to be compensated by sophisticated software ... part of it was that there was no hardware protection between kernel mode and application mode.

1980 801/ROMP was 16bit microprocessor with 32bit virtual addressing ... 16 virtual addeess space segment registers (top four bits) for 28-bit, 256mbyte segments, supported by CP.r operating system and PL.8 compiler ... and originally targeted for displaywriter followon. The claim was that hardware mode protection wasn't needed becasue PL.8 would only produce "correct" programs and CP.r would only load PL.8 produced "correct" programs. No more than 16 segments were needed because inline application code could change segment register values as trivially as it could change address values in general registers.

when displaywriter followon was canceled it was decided to retarget ROMP to the unix workstation market. They got the company that did AT&T unix port to the IBM/PC for PC/IX ... to do one for ROMP ... which was announced as PC/RT with AIX. Part of retargeting to the UNIX workstation market, they had to add hardware kernel/application supervisor/problem hardware modes. Limited to only 16 segments impacted some of the UNIX shared memory models ... so there were was work done in packing multiple different shared images in single 256mbyte segment.

Other trivia, 801/risc virtual was inverted tables ... and ROMP segment register didn't contain table pointer ... but a 12bit segment identifier. This had given rise to references that 801/risc was 40bit virtual addressing (12bit segment number + 28bit segment size). Later with RIOS ... the segment value was increased to 24bit segment number ... and even tho it was long after the switch from CP.r/PL.8 to UNIX paradigm (and inline code could no longer swapped segment register values) ... some of the documentation would still refer to RIOS as 52bit virtual memory (24bit segment id + 28bit segments)

past posts mentioning 801/risc, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sat, 07 Oct 2017 17:35:58 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
S/360 required neither of those. While SIO *did* have to be issued by OS code, channel programs were, and are, regularly constructed by unprivileged code, and executed by calling the OS "EXCP" (Execute Channel Program) function. In virtual memory version of the OS, the OS attaches the translations to the channel program before actually issuing the SOI (SCH since XA). This is basically no different in principle than setting up the IOMMU, which will always need to be done by trusted code. In both cases the OS has to be the first level interrupt handler (of course there are models which would permit the direct delivery of interrupts to applications).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#58 64 bit addressing into the future

original os/360 had (usually library) application build channel program and then execute supervisor call (EXCP/SVC0) to execute the (SIO) program ... that involved some simple limitations (disk I/O prefixed with arm positioning CCW and CCW that would prevent another arm positioning, and then brach/tic to the applicatation channel program).

the initial migration of MVT (os/360) to virtual memory ... OS/VS2 release 1 ... SVS ... involved building the tables for a single 16mbyte virtual address space and code to handle page faults & page I/O. For the initial prototype most of the code was borrowed from (virtual machine) CP/67 ("CCWTRANS" routine) that was added to EXCP ... that scanned the application passed channel program ... creating a "shadow" (copy) channel program that had virtual addresses replaced with real addresses (and the virtual pages prefetched and fixed in memory for duration of I/O). From that perspective there was little difference between SVS and running MVT in a CP/67 16mbyte virtual machine.

Things got a little more complex in the transition from SVS to MVS (where each application was given its own 16mbyte virtual address space), but EXCP still had the code (originally borrowed from CP67) that built the "shadow" channel program that were the ones that were really executed.

They did add EXCPVR ... which was a EXCP for privileged applications that had portions of their address spaced pre-fixed/pinned to real addresses ... and built channel program that already had the real addresses filled in (in placed of virtual addresses).

the privileged SIO instruction from 360 was defined that it reached all the way out to the device and waiting for the response before starting the asynchronous channel program and continuing with the next processor instruction. The SIO instruction included ending condition codes like unable to reach device because of things like channel busy or device didn't exist. For 370, SIOF (fast) was defined that would continue almost immediately before final response ... which required a new class of interrupts that reflected status that had previously been reflected by SIO condition code.

MVS was having an increasing horrible throughput problem with significant pathlength for device I/O redrive of queued I/O request after device I/O end redrive (during which device was idle). Part of SSH was to allow for queuing next request in hardware for device I/O redirve (w/o having to wait on the significant MVS interrupt handling pathlength). The other problem was allowing for an option for queuing the ending status interrupt ... because asynchronous I/O interrupts were having increasing bad large system cache effects (interrupt switching between application cached instructions to kernel instructions).

Trivia, I had done a I/O supervisor rewrite that attempted to show nearly same throughput of purely optimized 370 code w/o requiring SSH ... althought SSH enables increasing offloading of processing to other/additional processors (with regard to peak i/o benchmark mentioned below, the SSCH system assist processors in max configured z196 will all be running 100% busy at 2.2M SSCH/sec).

Other trivia: 1980, the IBM STL lab. was bursting at the seams and 300 people from the IMS DBMS group was being moved to offsite bldg with "remote" dataprocessing service back to STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270 terminal (19.2kbit) from the offsite bldg ... but found the human factors totally intolerable (compared to what they were use to with direct channel attached 3270 controllers). I get con'ed into to channel extender support so they could have direct channel attached 3270 controllers located at the remote bldg. Part of my support was running concurrent streaming in both direction over full duplex connection with channel programs downloaded to channel emulator at remote site (helping mask the transmission latency of the significant mainframe channel protocol chatter).

The hardware vendor then tries to get IBM to let them release my support. However, there was a group in POK that was playing with some serial stuff that objected because they thought it might impact getting their stuff released.

past channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#chnanel.extender

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL get some serial stuff they are working with released as a standard ... which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (and includes some stuff similar to what I had done in 1980).

Then in 1990, the POK group gets their stuff released as ESCON with ES/9000 when it is already obsolete (ESCON running 17mbytes/sec but still simulating half duplex, while fibre channel is full duplex 1gbit/sec, concurrent in both directions and supporting the equivalent of downloaded I/O programs).

Then some POK channel people get involved in fibre channel standard and define a heavy weight, high overhead protocol that drastically cuts that native throughput which is eventually released as FICON.

The most recent "peak I/O" benchmark published for FICON is z196 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (protocol running over 104 native fibre channel). About the same time there was a fibre channel announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre channel having higher native throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

There is something called zHPF/TCW announced for FICON that is a little like what I had done in 1980 ... but it only claims 30% improvement over standard FICON (being able to do 2M IOPS peak i/o using possibly only 80 FICON, instead of 104).

past FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 10:18:30 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Well, perhaps we have different definitions of caring. Workers don't need caring; they need consistency and supervisors who let them do their work. Charlie has a story about his brother on an assembly line.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#50 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#53 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

On War - an Andy McNab War Classic: The beautifully reproduced illustrated 1908 edition, with introduction by Andy McNab, notes by Col. F.N. Maude and brief memoir of General Clausewitz
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8

from intro of the 1908 edition ... loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitilists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/economists-turned-corporations-predators.html
Since the 1980s, business schools have touted "agency theory," a controversial set of ideas meant to explain how corporations best operate. Proponents say that you run a business with the goal of channeling money to shareholders instead of, say, creating great products or making any efforts at socially responsible actions such as taking account of climate change. Many now take this view as gospel, even though no less a business titan than Jack Welch, former CEO of GE, called the notion that a company should be run to maximize shareholder value "the dumbest idea in the world." Why did Welch say that?
... snip ...

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization

and from the laws of unintended consequences ... infrastructure funding ... Volcker talking to civil engineering professor about money has been diverted from infrastructure spending for so long ... there aren't civil engineering jobs, lack of jobs, students stop taking classes, w/o students, univ. start shutting down programs and dropping professors ... Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'
... snip ...

from a few years ago with the stimulus finding of infrastructure projects ... they were having to hire chinese companies to get civil engineers.

all contributing to flat employee compensation since late 70s/early 80s ... inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent posts mentioning Milton Friedman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#45 "Subprime Is Contained" (& Other Evidence That "They Really Don't Know What They're Doing")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 11:03:59 -0700
Stephen Fuld <SFuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:
Hardly a new idea. Mitch Alsup recently explained, in another thread here, a design he had for a small simple X86 core that was to be placed in the "south Bridge" of a system, specifically to handle interrupts, etc. And he referenced the CDC processor, with their "Peripheral Processors" back in the 1960s.

And, of course, several processors have a second register set, or at least a partial register set, that gets "switched in" on an interrupt to eliminate the register save part of context switch time.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#58 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future

high-end POK 370 processors would reduce cycle time of single processor by 10% for two processor SMP ... so two processor SMP started out being 1.8 times that of single processor. This was for overhead processors needed to just listen for cross-cache invalidation signals ... actual processing a lot of cross-cache invalidation signals would reduce effective throughput to less than 1.8 times single processor.

trivia: when Charlie was doing CP/67 SMP support at the science center, he had also invented compare&swap instruction. In the morph of CP67 to VM370 they simplified a bunch of stuff (my fast path and scheduling) and eliminated stuff (including SMP support). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

when I did SMP support for VM370 release 3 and deployed it for HONE complex in palo alto (trivia: when facebook 1st moved to silicon valley, it was into new bldg built next to the old HONE datacenter). HONE then leveraged that with "single system image" support running possible the largest single system image complex in the world at the time ... eight large POK SMP processors in cluster with load balancing and fall-over operation.

Part of support was monitoring interrupt rates and when it started to pass thresh hold, switched to running much of the time disabled for interrupts and periodic windows that enabled batching of interrupt processing. In the SMP, this tended to have one processor periodically process a large number of interrupts in batch ... preserving cache hits for interrupt and I/O processing ... while the other processor kept its application execution cache it rate. The improvement in overall cache hit rate for both processors resulted in a little over twice the MIP rate of single processor (rather than less than 1.8, single processor MIP rate-based on some nominal, avg cache misses, which were reduced with this strategy).

I had also significantly rewritten I/O supervisor so that the pathlength was significantly cut ... combination of significantly reduced pathlength and batch processing of interrupts (more akin to interrupt queuing) ... were pieces of what I referred to upthread ... coming very close to XA SSCH in native 370 code.

As mentioned in the "peak i/o" benchmarks ... even with SSCH offloading a lot of processing/ to dedicated "assist processors" ... they still peaked with all running 100% utlization at 2.2M SSCH/sec (they still have signifcant pathlength processing/implementation even when offloaded to the assist processors).

A little more discussion of SSCH & system assist processor operation
https://books.google.com/books?id=rVXAAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&dq=ibm+assist+processors+ssch&source=bl&ots=2Htgn89MQy&sig=1crJ-y0TnlrsEArg3XSfGISHcEg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiI_Pfyy-HWAhUJ_WMKHXpVCggQ6AEITjAI#v=onepage&q=ibm%20assist%20processors%20ssch&f=false

SSCH
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/14.3.9?DT=20040504121320
test pending interruption
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/14.3.13?DT=20040504121320

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 12:45:45 -0700
Stephen Fuld <SFuld@alumni.cmu.edu.invalid> writes:
Hardly a new idea. Mitch Alsup recently explained, in another thread here, a design he had for a small simple X86 core that was to be placed in the "south Bridge" of a system, specifically to handle interrupts, etc. And he referenced the CDC processor, with their "Peripheral Processors" back in the 1960s.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#58 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#61 64 bit addressing into the future

trivia CDC peripheral processors
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_6000_series#Peripheral_processors

360 already had channel programs that were executed by channel processors.

however, real separate hardware channels were only for the high-end models. the low & mid-range were implemented as channel code that executed on the same processor executing the 360 code ... with the underlying processor being shared between the code that implemented channel and the code that implemented 360.

there was further computer processing outboard in "control units" (before even getting to the actual device). In much the same way that some models implemented "integrated channels" ... sharing the same processor with 360 instruction microcode ... some low-end models also implemented integrated control units ... control unit "microcode" running on same processor as 360 instruction microcode and channel microcode.

370 "integrated channels" continued up through the 370/158.

with the failure of Future System project there was mad rush to get stuff back into mainframe product pipelines with 303x effort being kicked off in parallel with the 370-xa (3081) effort.

303x took the 158 integrated channel microcode (w/o 370 microcode) to create the 303x "channel director". A 3031 was two 158 native processors, a 158 running just the 370 microcode w/o the integrated channel microcode and a 2nd 158 running the integrated channel microcode (a 3031 2-way SMP was actually four 158 processors, two running 370 microcode and two running channel microcode). A 3032 was 168-3 reconfigured to use "channel director" (158 processor) instead of 28x0 external channels. 3033 started out being 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips.

At same time 303x was kicked off ... the 370-xa (& 3081) was also kicked off ... with 370-xa detailed architecture documents were published Nov1978 (called "811" for publication date). some old details:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

Early 1979 I was con'ed into doing some RAIN (from cdc6600) benchmarks on engineering 4341 (hadn't shipped yet) for LLNL ... that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm (sort of leading edge of coming cluster supercomputers, 4341s weren't quite blades, but packaged in what looked like office credenzas). I also ran it on 158 & 3031 (and some number of other processors) ... which also shows 3031 improvement offloading the 158 integrated channel microcode to 2nd processor.


                  158               3031              4341

Rain              45.64 secs       37.03 secs         36.21 secs
Rain4             43.90 secs       36.61 secs         36.13 secs

also times approx;
                   145                168-3              91
                 145 secs.          9.1 secs          6.77 secs

... and ran on cdc6600 in 35.77 secs.



XA SSCH allowed offloading a bunch heavy I/O supervisor kernel bloat (at least in MVS) to "system assist processors" ... but they managed to even bloat that software ... all SAPs running 100% busy only supporting 2.2M SSCH/sec. Furthermore recommendation is to keep SAPs under 70% busy (1.5M SSCH/sec) or otherwise it starts to impact I/O latency.

all this from actual published benchmark numbers for z196. The newer EC12, z13, z14 ... haven't published actual numbers ... just things about expected percent increased throughput (z196->z14 40% increase in processor MIP rate, but more than double the number of processors in maximum SMP configuration, majority of any peak throughput from increase in number of processors).

trivia: 4341 was an "endicott" machine ... high-end POK felt so threatened by clusters of 4341 (compared to 3033, higher aggregate throughput, much lower price, much lower footprint, much lower environmentals, etc), that the head of POK got corporate to cut critical 4341 manufacturing component in half (for a time). However, large corporations were also ordering several hundred 4300s at a time for placing out in departmental areas (sort of leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami, besides the leading edge of the coming cluster supercomputing).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

64 bit addressing into the future

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 64 bit addressing into the future
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 13:01:41 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future

trivia: RAIN is pure compute bound ... no I/O programs even running ... but still moving integrated channel microcode to 2nd 158 processor, reduced 158 RAIN 45.64secs to 37.03secs on 3031.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The World America Made

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The World America Made
Date: 08 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
The World America Made
https://www.amazon.com/World-America-Made-Robert-Kagan-ebook/dp/B006OI1M36/

pg53/loc669-71:
The expectation of this level of global support for American military intervention is so great that in the Iraq war of 2003, Americans were shocked and disturbed when only thirty-eight nations participated in either the invasion or the post-invasion occupation of Iraq. It was almost unbearable to find democratic allies like France and Germany withholding their endorsement.
... snip ...

Original US justification for 2003 invasion was that Iraq supported Al Qaeda and it would only cost $50B. It then changed to WMDs. US rep to UN (cousin of white house chief of staff Card) dealing with Iraqis was given proof that the WMDs (dating back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. The US UN rep provided the information to White House and was then locked up in military hospital. An account was published in 2010, including about the decommisioned WMDs, four years before the information was declassified.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

The decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US) were found early in the invasion, but the information was kept classified until fall of 2014.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

The military-industrial-complex wanted Iraq2 invasion so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (that could *ONLY* be spent on purchase of US arms).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

Consistent with Spinney's "perpetual war"
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and Pentagon Labyrinth
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/pentagon-labyrinth.html

as well as "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
also references "perpetual war"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional)-complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

some more The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
More Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: This Time, They're Coming for Your Democracy
http://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/more-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-this-time-theyre-coming-for-your-democracy-20160318
The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
http://evonomics.com/the-new-confessions-of-an-economic-hit-man-perkins-reality/

Wolfowitz claimed to be primary architect of Iraq strategy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
had earlier been member of "Team B"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
When CIA Directory Colby didn't go along with Team B analysis (justifying huge DOD budget increase), White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld had him replaced with Bush1 that would go along with the analysis. Rumsfeld then becomes SECDEF and is replaced by his assistant Cheney. Later VP Bush1 and Rumsfeld are major players in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

For Iraq1, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF, sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshalling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshalling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

posts mentioning "Team B"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 10:01:31 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Yup. That happened to me in two shops. I also had to take a break even though I didn't want one. My Dad got into enormous trouble when he swept the floor around his work area when the line had momentarily shut down. He didn't like walking in the metal shavings but the official broom sweeper never did his work.

something like 6months after joining the science center, I was told that I was using more than half of all the computer time (more time than the whole rest of the organization) and could I do something about it. This was back in the days of the mainframe system meter and machines were leased/rented and charged for based on system meter recorded time (that ran whenever the cpu and/or any channels were busy) ... even internal sites which ran with "funny money". I said I could work less ... they never asked again.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

trivia: as part of keeping cp/67 up 7x24 ... not only for science center and general customers ... but also the emerging commercial online service bureaus using CP/67 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

... there was lots of work on reducing off-shift costs/expenses ... early on there was chicken & egg ... to encourage offshit use, it had to be left up 7x24 ... but early on there was very light use ... use charges wouldn't even cover minimum service costs.

part of it was lights out operation ... not needing human people running operation. Another was terminal I/O channel programs that allowed channel to stop when nothing was happening (i.e. system meter would run whenever CPU and/or any channel was busy) ... but would be immediately available when characters started coming in.

trivia: all cpu & channel activity had to be idle for at least 400ms before system meter coasted to stop. Long after IBM converted systems from rent/lease to sales ... MVS still had a timer task that woke up every 400ms ... guaranteeing that system meter would never stop even when things were otherwise completely idle.

previous posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#50 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#53 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Allied Radio catalog 1956

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Allied Radio catalog 1956
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 10:07:33 -0700
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
My Sony runs Linux. I have hopes that when systemd makes it's way to newer TVs the slow boot up will be gone.

My desktop PC spends more time during boot up thinking about BIOS than booting Linux.


several months ago, I added 500gbyte SSD and moved boot and system to the drive ... reduced boot from 25-30secs to 4-5secs ... not counting 2secs delay I have for BIOS screen in case I want to hit a key or 3secs I have for kernel boot screen if I want to select a different kernel.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Allied Radio catalog 1956

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Allied Radio catalog 1956
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 10:30:18 -0700
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
The remains were bought by General Wireless, which itself declared bankruptcy earlier this year. The remains were bought by one of their creditors for 15 million.

At this point I think it's sincerely dead.


over half of corporate defaults are those in or have gone through the private-equity mill. analogy with house flipping ... private-equity can do 100% loan to buy the company, put the loan on the companies books, flip it ... difference is the 100% loan goes with the company ... not paid off as part of the sale. private-equity can even sell the company for much less that what they paid and still walk away with boat loads of money (in addition to the enormous fees they are charging during the process).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

most recent analysis of "Toys 'R' Us"
https://www.forbes.com/sites/nathanvardi/2017/09/19/the-big-investment-firms-that-lost-1-3-billion-on-the-toys-r-us-bankruptcy/2/#792d38d273b0

this includes list of largest 2017 retail private-equity bankruptcies, including radioshack
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/09/toys-r-us-another-private-equity-casualty.html

Toys "R" Us Files Chapter 11: Second Largest US Retail Bankruptcy In History
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-19/toys-r-us-files-chapter-11-second-largest-us-retail-bankruptcy-history

One of the wonders of modern financialization is all these enormous bad loans don't show up in the credit ratings of the private equity companies that are repeatedly making them.

Private Equity, Not Amazon, Killed Toys 'R' Us
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4108364-private-equity-amazon-killed-toys-r-us

Major players that runs through several of these are KKR and BAIN. BAIN was being run by former presidential candidate ... and KKR is frequently mentioned with respect to the former AMEX president that becomes head of IBM.

Barbarians at the Gate: The Fall of RJR Nabisco
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
Date: 09 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Riders-Baghdad-Soldiers-Civilians-ebook/dp/B014PWVUAC/

loc148-50:
Fox News and company would have you believe that ISIS is the direct result of President Obama's weakness and "retreat." Would that it were so simple. Such talk is more dangerous than the usual rancor of partisan politics.
... snip ...

some number references has many in ISIS because they were excluded from participating in Iraq after the invasion.

A relative was foot patrol 2004-2005 Fallujah and then came back 2007-2008 Bagubah ... described as worse than Fallujah, but because the administration said things were better, it didn't get the coverage

Battle for Baqubah: Killing Our Way Out
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-1SG-Robert-Colella/dp/1469791064/
earlier today the ebook version showed, but at the moment it saying ebook doesn't exist
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/
"The author takes the reader into the midst of the conflict in and around Baqubah--Iraq's 'City of Death'--a campaign that lasted most of 2007. The author and his fellow Bonecrushers watched as the city went from sectarian fighting amongst the Shiite and Sunnis, to an all-out jihad against the undermanned and dangerously dispersed US forces within Baqubah and the outlying areas."
... snip ...

"A Different Kind of War" by Milton Miles ... portrays the OSS and portions of the Army having given China to the communists. When OSS/Army came in trying to take over control of the nationalist, they were rebuffed by Miles, Navy, Nationalists, etc ... so they turned their attention to work with the communists. Miles with small group of Navy and Marine personnel had gone in early to China and lived and worked with the Nationalists. Miles also writes that large chinese military faction that had cooperated with the Japanese, towards the end tried to come over to the Nationalists and was vetoed by the US Army. They then go over to the communists. From the law of unintended consequences, they are large part of the forces that show up in the Korean War.

Some Marines account.
https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/2009/11/marines-china

related recent Iraq post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made

recent "A Different Kind of War" post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War

recent Baqubah posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#40 Stop Believing in the Many Myths of the Iraq Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#20 Military Contractors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#10 The General Who Lost 2 Wars, Leaked Classified Information to His Lover--and Retired With a $220,000 Pension

military-industrial(-congressional)-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex related IRAQ posts, WMDs http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds more related http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 18:59:01 -0700
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
21% of their income is from tuition and related fees. The rest is endowment, donations, and "other".

<http://finance.harvard.edu/files/fad/files/harvard_ar_11_12016_final.pdf>

Remember, Harvard is a research institution.


Is Harvard responsible for rise of Putin:

During a Fareed Zakaria interview, Kissinger somewhat indirectly referred to this theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that seemed intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

I was tangentially involved ... dragged into discussion about doing 5,000 banks in Russia @$1M ... and how to come up with the $5B ... helping spread (non-looting) democratic capitalism ... the whole thing implodes when the rest collapses.

This aired most recently on cspan3, talks about extraordinary cooperation between US & Russia military in the 90s, 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
https://www.c-span.org/video/?419918-3/implementation-nunnlugar-act

again, it mostly collapses with deterioration of relations, after members from Harvard demonstrating that democratic capitalism is about looting other countries.

recent archived (facebook) post, "The World America Made"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#64 The World America Made

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#50 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#53 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#65 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

past posts referring to Harvard responsible for rise of Putin:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#6 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#12 Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#32 Larry Summers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#75 Hillary Remains Clueless About Regulation on the 28th Anniversary of the Keating Five Meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#79 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#54 In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#92 The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#38 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#62 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 19:37:14 -0700
Another Economics Nobel debunking rational actors assumption: Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/09/business/nobel-economics-richard-thaler.html

Kahneman (psychologist) 2002 Economics Nobel (& a little afc)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
His 1961 dissertation, advised by Susan Ervin, examined relations between adjectives in the semantic differential and "allowed me to engage in two of my favorite pursuits: the analysis of complex correlational structures and FORTRAN programming," as he would later recall.[4]
... snip ...

here
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman#Judgment_and_decision-making
works with Richard Thaler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman#Behavioral_economics

recent posts mentioning Kahneman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#66 Deep learning algorithm does as well as dermatologists in identifying skin cancer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#93 The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Kindle Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#0 Locking our own orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#89 Understanding decisions: The power of combining psychology and economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#96 Cognitive Bias Codex, 2016
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#7 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 10:38:00 -0700
Richard Thiebaud <thiebauddick2@aol.com> writes:
Politicians and civil servants do not control what business schools teach or what corporation executives choose to do.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#50 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#53 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#65 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

but a lot of corporation executives (and other special interests) pump enormous amounts of money into congress to get what they want (part of reason that congress is considered the most corrupt institution on earth).

A decade old roundtable at economist conference ... discussed flat tax ... as way of eliminating huge amount of congressional graft and corruption related to sale of special tax loopholes. Semi-joke was major lobbying against flat tax was tax preparers, makers of tax software and country of Ireland. Also that 3% of GDP lost in tax preparation and 3% of GDP lost in non-optimal business decisions (besides the graft and corruption issue, get 6% improvement in GDP by going to flat tax).

2002, (republican) congress lets fiscal responsibility act lapse (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt, congress that lets it lapse is totally different than the republican congress that originally passed the act). 2010 CBO report was that tax revenue cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T, $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Part of tax cut was cooking books to allows US profit to booked in offshore tax havens. Since then there have been modest cuts in spending but taxes not restored, increase in debt has slowed but continues ... so now around $20T. There are now various proposals to allow this offshore profit to be "repatriated" at little or no tax penalty (US still continues to lose large trillions in tax revenue).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Posterchild is large heavy equipment maker that manufactures in the US, sells to US customers and ships directly to US corporations. After the offshore tax law, they set up "distributorship" in offshoare tax haven. They now sell to the distributorship at cost, the distributorship sells to US customers (and all the profit is booked in offshore tax haven), still make in the US and shipped directly to US customers.

Luxembourg Leaks: Global Companies' Secrets Exposed
https://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks
Swiss Leaks: Murky Cash Sheltered by Bank Secrecy
https://www.icij.org/project/swiss-leaks
Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
https://www.icij.org/offshore

tax evasion, tax fraud, tax haven, tax avoidance posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

A lot of Apple, Google, others, US (and EU) profits booked in Ireland "shoebox" corporations ... i.e. Irish corporations that are little more than incorporation papers in shoeboxes ... which charge ridiculously low tax rate (but pure profit for Ireland, part of 2008 pointing out Ireland major lobbying against fixing US tax laws).

recent EU news:

EU Hits Amazon With Unpaid Tax Bill, Will Sue Ireland For Failing To Collect Apple Taxes
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-10-04/eu-hits-amazon-unpaid-tax-bill-will-sue-ireland-failing-collect-apple-taxes
Europe hits Ireland over $15B in unpaid Apple taxes; Luxembourg liable for $294M in Amazon taxes
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/europe-hits-ireland-over-15b-095459205.html
European Commission refers Ireland to court over failure to collect €13bn in tax from Apple
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/10/04/commission_refers_ireland_to_court_over_failure_to_collect_13bn_in_tax_from_apple/
EU takes Ireland to court for not claiming Apple tax windfall
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-apple-taxavoidance-court/eu-takes-ireland-to-court-for-not-claiming-apple-tax-windfall-idUSKCN1C913I
The EU is taking Ireland to court over Apple tax deal worth $15.2 billion
https://www.fastcompany.com/40476880/the-eu-is-taking-ireland-to-court-over-apple-tax-deal-worth-15-2-billion

semi-related, some number of economists have been "captured", being paid to support various economic claims by special interests
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#38 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#26 How the computer transformed economics. And didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs

past posts mentioning flat tax roundtable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#87 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#18 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#20 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#1 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#7 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#2 Single Payer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 11:58:03 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Or more likely, at the instruction of the politicians donors. Many of the donors simply write the draft themeselves and hand them to the pol's staff.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#50 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#53 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#65 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

it gets even more convoluted ... Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash that resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get call that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash burying the capital).

pecora &/or glass-steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

as more time passed, it was becoming increasingly difficult for wallstreet to completely block any legislation addressing the economic mess ... so they switched to sort-of backing some legislation that they would control in various ways (so that it resulted in little or no change) .... which became focused on Dodd-Frank act.

Now Dodd was listed as "friends of Mozilo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
the #1 person on times list of those responsibility for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

So some of the stuff that went on in Dodd-Frank was kneecapping provisions so they didn't actually do anything, making provisions horribly complex, convoluted, ambiquous so it would make actually implementation open to wide interpretation, and obviously unworkable provisions.

Scenarios included wallstreet lobbyists would provide draft text for Dodd-Frank provisions ... they would be included in the draft bill, the provisions would be leaked ... and then wallstreet would come out vehemently complaining about the provisions ... all part of discrediting the whole Dodd-Frank process.

past posts discussing Dodd-Frank:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#78 More Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#96 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#87 Dodd-Frank Was Designed to Fail - and Trump Will Make it Worse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#85 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#101 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#108 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 17:42:20 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Yes. But hardware is so powerful that the units consumed are relatively low, so the hardware charges are low.

If a company buys a Z series mainframe, it still is a pricey purchase, and they have to apportion costs out to the various users--some of whom use far more resources than others.

It's a good thing, since sometimes there is a legacy process still running producing reports that no one needs or even looks at any more. When a user department realizes it is costing them money, the report is discontinued.

Every so often a company takes a close look at hardware costs and revises the charge schedule.


MVT&MVS didn't do very good job of accounting for use. It did track time spent in wait state ... elapsed time minus wait state was total CPU used. The CPU used minus accounted for time could represent 20% to 80% of total CPU used (unaccounted for time) ... which got increasingly bad as MVS went along. In MVS the accounted for time was "capture ratio" ... lots of installations would adjust accounted for time for the unaccounted for time.

A max configured Z machine price has remained approx $30M over the last several models ... even tho peak processing has significantly increased ... z196->z14 40% increase in per processor throughput but better than doubled total number of processors ... so over all tripled peak throughput. However, mainframe processor revenue is around 4% of total and dropping ... but total mainframe division revenue has been 25% of total (and 40% of profit) ... significant milking mainframe software cash cow monthly charges. Straight CPU accounted for ... has to have all sorts of fudge factors to account for the rest of costs.

barebones max configured z14 @$30M is about $200K/BIPS but total including overhead and software could be more like $1M/BIPS. By comparison, a cloud megadatacenter E5-2600 blade can be around dollar or less per BIPS.

past posts mentioning "capture ratio"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#16 CPU time and system load
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#19 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#82 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#23 SMF Under VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#42 Inaccurate CPU% reported by RMF and TMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#72 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#66 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#33 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#76 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#39 CPU time variance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#70 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#71 Help with elementary CPU speed question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#8 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#78 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#80 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#82 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#85 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#68 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#51 CPU Timerons/Seconds vs Wall-clock Time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When Working From Home Doesn't Work

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When Working From Home Doesn't Work
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 18:02:57 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Been going on for at least 100 years. In the old, old days, railroads had a lot of power, and it was said they owned the state and federal politicians.

When FDR and a lot of Democrats were elected, corporate power was reduced. People were angry at the business community for the Depression. But even then the business world had some influence on the New Deal to protect their interests. (Admittedly, some of that was justified since many New Dealers were clueless or hostile about business, and that attitude wasn't good.)

In WW II, FDR realized he needed the business community to efficiently and effectively build weapons. The New Dealers couldn't do that. So he courted the businessmen. The New Dealers were furious, but there was a war on. Then FDR died. Truman was more conservative than FDR, and then Eisenhower came in. Businessmen got control again.


FDR was critisized for appointing Papa Kennedy to head of SEC ... he said something about who better than one of the biggest crooks of them all to know all the tricks of the game. He then appointed him ambassador to Great Britain during "battle for britain" ... but when Kennedy started dealings with Hitler and making speaches that Great Britain would be defeated by Germany ... FDR called him in for a dinner and threatened to make Kennedy's dealings with Hitler public ... Kennedy decided it was prudent to start toeing the line. recent ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#34 progress in e-mail, such as AOL

June 1941, German Ambassdor had victory celebration at NYC Waldorf-Astoria with large number of corporations to learn how to do business with Nazis (& skirt neutrality laws).

After US entry into the war, Dec 1941, 5000 corporations had conference at NYC Waldof-Astoria and approved major propaganda program to equate capitalism with christianity because they had gotten such a bad reputation for the depression and dealing with the Nazis ... results eventual include adding "In God We Trust" to money and "Under God" to the pledge.

As I've mentioned before, John Foster Dulles was major force behind rebuilding Germany's industry and military from the 20s up through the early 40s. From the law of unintended consequences, when the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program needed locations of industry and military targets in Germany, they got the coordinates from wallstreet.

recent posts mentioning Dulles and his support of Nazis.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#36 Trump's S.E.C. Nominee Disclosure Offers Rare Glimpse of Clients and Conflicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#22 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#85 Early use of word "computer", 1944
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 18:34:35 -0700
hancock4 writes:
LIFE magazine ran a feature article in 1945 on how the Japanese codes were broken during the war.

https://books.google.com/books?id=xUsEAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PP1&dq=life%20nov%2026%201945&pg=PA63#v=onepage&q&f=false

Other articles in that issue include an ad by Studebaker extolling its high quality and utilization in WW II, and the introduction of Jackie Robinson on the Dodgers.


one of the accounts was that both US and Japanese Navy were spread all over the Pacific and had really hard time finding each other. Then the breaking of Japanese codes had Japanese task force heading for Midway and US managed to marshal forces for surprise attack, destroying four carriers and turning the tide of the pacific war (and should be attributed to the breaking of the Japanese code).

Japanese Navy was afraid to tell anybody that they lost 1/3rd of their carriers at midway.

The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949 loc3988-97:
Unknown to the Japanese, the United States had broken their diplomatic and naval codes and so knew the itineraries of the ships converging on Midway, where it sank four, or one-third, of Japan's twelve difficult-to-replace aircraft carriers.102 In doing so, it overturned vague German and Japanese plans to join up in India and precluded further Japanese expansion in the Pacific. Midway was Japan's first major defeat since the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War. Henceforth the Japanese would have to defend what they had. For many months the Imperial Japanese Navy concealed its aircraft carrier losses from both the army and the civilian leadership.103 It did inform Emperor Hirohito, who kept the bad news to himself as if it would go away.104 So, no one examined how the United States, with inferior naval assets, had miraculously managed to converge them at just the right spot in the expansive Pacific theater to sink one Japanese carrier after another and the army maintained its war plans on the assumption that Japan still had twelve carriers.
... snip ...

However, recently read "Another Kind Of War" by Milton Miles .. a couple recent refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge

Miles was sent in by the Navy to work with the Nationalists with some navy and marines ... a marine account
https://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/2009/11/marines-china

where the navy and marines lived and worked closely with the Nationalists. Then the OSS & some parts of the Army try and come in and take over control of the nationalists. They are rebuffed by the Navy and the nationalists. Miles then has those OSS/Army turning to support the communists because they can take credit for it ... and effectively giving China to the Communists. Then towards the end of the (Japanese) war, the Chinese military fraction that had cooperated with the Japanese, attempted to come over to the Nationalists and the US Army vetoed it ... so they they went and joined the Communists. Miles has it these Chinese military that also largely showup in Korea (against the US) in that war.

Congressional hearings Dec1947, Wedemeyer appears to realize what has been done wrong, but it is already too late (behind paywall, but lives free at wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20110203103817/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,804381,00.html

1949 White Paper trying to absolve the state department of loosing China to the communists
https://archive.org/details/VanSlykeLymanTheChinaWhitePaper1949

Part of it was Marshall ran WW2 and Wedemeyer was his staff that he sent to review China. Possibly can attribute Marshall's preoccupation with Europe to not looking closely and siding with Wedemeyer. Then Marshall is SEC of State, 47-49 (again preoccupied with Europe and the "Marshall Plan").

military-industrial(-congressional)-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

git, z/OS and COBOL

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: git, z/OS and COBOL
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Oct 2017 12:00:09 -0700
0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
I have not used IEBUPDTE extensively. When I contributed to Charlotte, I made more use of CMS UPDATE, which is similar to IEBUPDTE, but with further features useful for source code control. XEDIT can generate CMS UPDATE control files, but they contain some noise which I filtered out with a final pass through SuperC.

There are more powerful tools than IEBUPDTE. Embrace them.

Examples include diff3 and various GUI merge utilities.


original CMS UPDATE was single level (mid-60s) ... much more akin to IEBUPDATE. As undergraduate in the 60s, I did preprocessor to CMS UPDATE that support "$" which would do the sequence numbering on the inserted source cards ... eliminating having to manually add them to each one.

Later at the science center there was joint project with Endicott for modifications to CP/67 to support 370 virtual memory virtual machines (in addition to 360/67 virtual memory virtual machines) ... aka simulating 370 virtual memory architecture on real 360/67.

This was originally implemented all in EXEC ... repeatedly processing CNTRL files and multiple levels of update files.

Originally had three levels ... "L" updates to CP/67 (my enhancements to base product CP/67), "H" udpates to CP/67 to provide 370 virtual machines.

The combination of "L" & "H" updated CP/67 then ran regularly on production 360/67. Lots of 370 operating system softwarre started development in "H" 370 virtual machines.

Then the "I" updates to CP/67 to change from running 360/67 architecture to running 370 architecture ... build typically required applying "L", "H", & "I". This was running regularly in "H" 370 virtual machines a year before the first 370/145 engineering machine supporting virtual memory was operational (and long before 370 virtual memory was announced). In fact, the first 370/145 engineering machine used an "I" level system as early software to test operation of the machine.

trivia: initial "I" system IPL failed. It turned out that they had reversed the B2 op-codes for RRB & PTLB ... quickly diagnosed the problem and zap'ed the kernel to correspond with the "incorrect" implementation (they eventually corrected the hardware).

trivia: the person responsible for Internet DNS system had been MIT student at the time working at the science center and did some of the original CMS multi-level source update implementation.

past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Later some San Jose engineers added support for 3330s & 2305s device for CP/67-SJ. This ran production internally on most of the 370 systems for quite some time.

Later the multi-level update support was added to both standard UPDATE and eventually XEDIT.

I had kept archives of much of the science center files on tapes. In mid-80s, when Melinda Varian was doing her VM History ... she contacted me about getting copies of the original multi-level source update implementation in EXEC. It was fortunate timing ... IBM Almaden Research was starting to have datacenter operational problem (operators were mounting random tapes as scratch), and even tho I had replicated the archives on three different tapes ... they were all in the IBM Almaden Research tape library ... and operators managed to mount all three archive tapes (and several of my other tapes) as scratch. They never got around to notifying users until long after the damage was done.

some old email exchange with Melinda (some repeat and not all about multi-level update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email850820
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850906
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850906b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850908
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email850908
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#email850908
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#email860111
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860111
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email860217
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email860217b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860407

other trivia: much of internal software development was then being done using CMS and CMS multi-level update ... including MVS components like JES2 ... then when came time for release ... they had to port to standard MVS source distribution process.

One of the VM/370 issues was even though (originally CP/67) maintenance distribution was all done using the CMS multi-level source ... every new release ... they would permanently apply all maintenance & development updates and resequence each module. Lots of internal sites and customers had developed extensive source updates (some claim there was more source updates on the VM/370 SHARE Waterloo tape than in the base system).

The release-to-release resequencing became something of hassle ... so in the late 70s, I wrote a couple programs ... one would take a previous release with all maintenance applied and the new resequenced release and generate an update that represented the change (mostly development) from the old release to the new release, but using the previous release sequence numbers. It was then became a simpler issue to resolve conflicts with local updates and an update that converted to the latest release. Then another program would resequence the resolved local updates from the previous release sequence numbers to the current release sequence numbers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 12:06:54 -0700
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
The Zero fighter cover were all down at wave height shooting down the unescorted torpedo bombers. Then the dive bombers arrived over head and blew up three air craft carriers.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography

recent talk by A-6 pilot from VA-35 about his time in Vietnam ... and VA-35 was the squadron that got two of the Japanese carriers at Midway.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35 Multi-Role

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: F-35 Multi-Role
Date: 11 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
this has analysis of stealth compromises during F-35 development ... shows F-35 radar signal characteristics for different radar bands from different aspects of F-35 (also lots of possible F-35 scenarios in high threat advisary environments)
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html
The degradation of the initially intended Joint Strike Fighter stealth performance occurred during the SDD program when a series of design changes made to the lower fuselage of the aircraft resulted in fundamental shaping changes in comparison with the X-35 Dev/Val prototype aircraft. The Joint Strike Fighter SDD design departs strongly from key stealth shaping rules employed in the development of the F-117A, B-2A, and F-22A, or the never built YF-23A and A-12A designs.

http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html#mozTocId93619
In the narrow +/-14.5degree angular sector under the tail, the design will produce best effect against X/Ku/K/Ka-band missile seekers, but less useful effect against X-band engagement radars due to their higher power-aperture performance. At S-band the nozzle exterior signature will become increasingly prominent, leading to loss of effect in the vicinity of the L-band.

It is clear that these design choices were intentional and no accident. By confining proper stealth shaping technique only to the forward fuselage and inlet geometry, the designers avoided incurring the development, and to a lesser extent, the associated manufacturing costs of a fully stealthy design, with the YF-23A and F-22A presenting good comparisons.

... snip ...

The above article predates several generations of advanced computer digital signal processing chips (also predates suspending F-22 manufacturing).

This claims SBX-1 AESA can resolve radar signal in X-band for object the size claimed for F-35 best frontal aspect
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea-based_X-band_Radar

and

2011 (before latest generation chips) tutorial on DSP, FFT, Radar (part 3), References most advanced requires 3 Tflops/sec, beyond then current processing
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278838
STAP (part 4)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278878
SAR (part 5)
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278931

latest international IEEE Radar conference, Guangzhou, China
https://www.ieee.org/conferences_events/conferences/conferencedetails/index.html?Conf_ID=38589
papers
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=8051143

There are claims that digital signal processing by latest generation of digital signal processing chips can reduce the number of transmit/receive pairs in APG-77/79/81/83 by nearly two orders magnitude w/o loss of capability

significant advances in digital power and processing spurred by autonomous vehicles, but also useful for military radar (320 t-ops/sec, 100 times 2011 reference).
https://www.fastcompany.com/40479260/nvidia-debuts-a-new-supercomputer-to-power-robotic-taxis-and-delivery-trucks

Terahertz radar:

China Tests New Terahertz Radiation Radar That Could Detect Stealth Jets
https://sputniknews.com/military/201709271057760777-china-tests-radar-detect-stealth/
China developed the world's first terahertz radar detection range 1 km
http://www.anannews.com/military/2017/06/03/51376.html
China Developed Wall Penetrating Radar System
http://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/content/china-developed-wall-penetrating-radar-system
China powers up new radar tech to unmask stealth fighters
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2113113/china-powers-new-radar-tech-unmask-stealth-fighters

The U.S. Military's Nightmare: Stealth, Aircraft Carriers and Submarines Are Obsolete?
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-us-militarys-nightmare-stealth-aircraft-carriers-22671

lower than VHF (rather than much higher terahertz)
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-us-militarys-nightmare-stealth-aircraft-carriers-22671?page=2
While the system is called a high-frequency (HF) radar--that's bit of a misnomer. HF radars actually operate on low frequencies relative to the VHF, UHF, L, S, C, X and Ku bands, which are more typically used by military radars. These low frequencies have waves that are several meters long and, consequently, most stealth aircraft show up on HF radar.
... snip ...

past posts mentioning ausairpower:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#97 The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#22 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#36 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#49 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#40 China's Fifth-Generation Fighter Could Be A Game Changer In An Increasingly Tense East Asia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#41 50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#75 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#14 With the U.S. F-35 Grounded, Putin's New Jet Beats Us Hands-Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#6 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#21 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#88 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#22 Iran Can Now Detect U.S. Stealth Jets at Long Range
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#44 F-35

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 21:24:12 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
These rumors were the reason why, some time _after_ that article was published, the U. S. government, before the usual "50-year-rule" was up, declassified information relating to the breaking of PURPLE, in order to quell rumors claiming that FDR *deliberately* withheld information that could have saved lives at Pearl Harbor in order to force the U.S. into the war.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography

The Battle of Bretton Woods:
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/

pg55/loc1059-63:
But it is notable that the Soviets, American allies in the European war, were anxious to ensure that such an attack did take place. "The war in the Pacific could have been avoided," wrote retired GRU military intelligence colonel and World War II "Hero of the Soviet Union" Vladimir Karpov in 2000, nearly sixty years after Pearl Harbor. "Stalin was the real initiator of the ultimatum to Japan," he insisted.

pg56/loc1065-66:
The Soviets had, according to Karpov, used White to provoke Japan to attack the United States. The scheme even had a name: "Operation Snow," snow referring to White.

pg56/loc1066-68
"[T]he essence of ‘Operation Snow' was to provoke the war between the Empire of the Rising Sun and the USA and to insure the interests of the Soviet Union in the Far East…. If Japan was engaged in war against the USA it would have no resources to strike against the USSR."

pg56/loc1075-77
Pavlov called White in late May of 1941, saying he had a message to pass on to him from "Bill" in China. Bill was the name by which White knew Akhmerov, who had presented himself to White as a sinologist on his way to China when the two had been introduced in 1939 by Lithuanian émigré and Soviet intelligence liaison agent Joseph Katz.
... snip ...

aka ... another part of Bretton Woods is the primary US person, asst SECTREAS White ... was also working on behalf of Stalin. Stalin was dealing with nearly all of German military on one front and was afraid Japan would come in on his other front. Stalin sent White a draft of demands for US to present to Japan, that Stalin felt would prompt Japan to attack US (which would preclude Japan attacking Soviets) ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
NSA cryptographers identified Harry Dexter White as the source denoted in the Venona decrypts at various times under the code names "Lawyer",[59] "Richard",[60] and "Jurist".[61] Two years after his death, in a memorandum dated 15 October 1950, White was positively identified by the FBI, through evidence gathered by the Venona project, as a Soviet source, code named "Jurist".[62]
... snip ...

and the Hull Note, US Demands transmitted to Japan just prior to attack on Pearl
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
According to Benn Steil, director of international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations, while "no single individual can be said to have triggered" the Pearl Harbor attack, Harry Dexter White "was the author of the key ultimatum demands". Steil also maintains "the Japanese government made the decision to move forward with the Pearl Harbor strike after receiving the ultimatum."[11]
... snip ...

Fateful Choices: Ten Decisions That Changed the World, 1940-1941
https://www.amazon.com/Fateful-Choices-Decisions-Changed-1940-1941-ebook/dp/B000UMAEKO/

pg370/loc7472-74:
Predictably, the ‘Ten Points' were seen, when the cable arrived in Tokyo on 27 November, as an ultimatum–practically an insult.124 There was anger as well as consternation among Japan's leaders. More than all else, the demand to withdraw from the whole of China infuriated them.

pg370/loc7477-79:
Those who had pressed for continued negotiations in the hope of avoiding war now felt the rug pulled from beneath them. For those, mainly in the army and navy General Staffs, who had urged war, the ‘Hull Note' (as it later came to be called) was a heaven-sent opportunity.
... snip ...

Venona project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
Bretton Woods Conference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bretton_Woods_Conference

past posts mentioning during WW2, Stalin/Soviets dealing with 3/4s of German military (rest of allies only had to deal with quarter of German military)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#77 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#36 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#85 US vs German Armies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#17 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#43 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 10:32:49 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
It could be a problem with their language. Some companies have started to have their meetings using only English; it reduces a 6-hour meeting to 1 hour. IIRC, this has to do with the built-in class system of the Japanese language.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography

mid-70s, after future sys (which had been shutting down 370 efforts) failure, there was mad rush to restart 370 effort. POK/high-end kicked off 303x and 370-xa (3081) in parallel ... ref
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Endicott (mid-range) kicked off 138/148 and e-systems (4331/4341). part of 138/148 was significantly faster math than 135/145 as well as "microcode assists". I get con'ed into helping with ECPS microcode ... told that there was 6kbytes of microcode memory available. Was to select the high-used VM370 pathlengths for moving to microcode. The vertical microcode for low/mid range 370 avg. 10 microcode instructions for every 370 instructions ... moving to microcode would be 10 times speedup. Old post showing ECPS study measuring VM370 pathlength use ... 6kbytes represented just under 80% of kernel time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

I then get con'ed into going around the world with Endicott to the IBM business people getting justification and sales forecasts for the 138/148 models. US regional forecasting groups basically said that whatever had "IBM" logo would sell some additional percentage than previous models ... regardless of features.

It was significantly different outside US, they were starting to experience significant competition from clone 370 processors ... and starting to say that base 138/148 models had very little (against clone competition) unless it had additional features.

One differences was non-US forecasts were used to order machines from manufacturing plants and shipped to the ordering countries ... which met those countries then had responsibility for actually selling those machines to customers (a mis-forecast actually cost that country money and could mean the jobs of business people). In the US, forecasts didn't actually mean anything ... manufacturing plants had to eat any bad forecasts ... so US forecasters career was more based on following strategic proclamations from hdqtrs location ... rather than their actual business judgement.

In any case, the guy I went with to Japan was from Canada and spoke Japanese. He told a story that in a meeting on early trip to Japan conducted in Japanese ... he told the audience that he had learned his Japanese from his roommate in college. At a break, somebody took him aside and informed him that he was speaking "women's language". There was vocabulary used with superior and vocabulary used with inferior and then there was the "women's language" (using "women's language" was extreme embarrassment). Note also that IBM Japan mid-range 370 sales was also being particularly hard hit by clone 370 sales ... even going so far that unless 138/148 had additional competitive features, they weren't sure that they would be able to sell any. Other trivia: at the time exchange rate was 330 yen to dollar ... a little over a decade later, it was up to 80 yen to dollar.

This was also during the period that the HONE online sales&marketing system was starting to be cloned around the world ... and since I was providing HONE with their systems ... frequently on some of these visits ... I would also be asked to do some work with the local HONE people. Some past HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

At the time, one of the issues with the HONE online sales&marketing support system in Japan, use of keyboard was viewed as "women's work".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 11:03:47 -0700
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Zhukov also knocked the Japanese Army for a loop to. They decided they did not want to tangle with him again. Afterwards, the Soviet spy let Stalin know, one of the few times Stalin apparently listened to one of his spies, that Japan was going to avoid attacking the Soviets due to the Generalship of Zhukov.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#80 WW II cryptography

what ever the Japanese real plans about possibly attacking Soviets or the US .... Britton Woods book has several quotes that Stalin was responsible for sending the draft demands to White for presenting to Japan in US ultimatum ... for the purpose of tipping Japan into attacking the US (precluding them from attacking the Soviets). The Venona intercepts also identify White working on behalf of the Soviets. US also has White responsible for the major ultimatums items in the Hull Note. "Fateful Choice" (and other sources) also identify the Hull Note (and the White ultimatums) as tipping the balance in favor of the Japanese that want to attack US.

part of the issue was what-ever Soviets were able to do previously against the Japanese ... at the time Soviets were dealing with the majority of the German military and their ability to deal with other threats was significantly depleated (their eastern front would have been easy pickings).

re:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bretton_Woods_Conference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/
https://www.amazon.com/Fateful-Choices-Decisions-Changed-1940-1941-ebook/dp/B000UMAEKO/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
Date: 12 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
John Helmer: Lunatic Russia-Hating in Washington Is 70 Years Old. It Started with Joseph Alsop, George Kennan and the Washington Post
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/john-helmer-lunatic-russia-hating-washington-70-years-old-started-joseph-alsop-george-kennan-washington-post.html

In interview with Fareed, Kissinger somewhat indirectly referred to theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that seemed intent on looting the country). John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

I was semi-involved, asked about plan for 5,000 bank branches around the country (@$1m, $5B total) as part of promoting democratic capitalism ... but then western capitalist kleptocracy implodes

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#56 25th Anniversary Implementation of Nunn-Lugar Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#63 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#65 View of Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#69 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#39 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#69 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the world's greatest financial experiment enriched the rich

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How the world's greatest financial experiment enriched the rich
Date: 12 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
How the world's greatest financial experiment enriched the rich; Western governments have printed trillions of dollars to boost their economies. While the asset-rich have reaped the benefits of QE, millennials and the poor have lost out.
https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/economy/2017/10/how-world-s-greatest-financial-experiment-enriched-rich

Supposedly TARP was originally passed to buy offbook toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated it would barely make a dent in the problem with just the four largest TBTF holding $5.2T end of 2008. So TARP was used for other things, and the real bailout was by the FED behind the scenes.

FED lost lengthy hard fought legal battle to prevent disclosing what it was doing, buy trillions in off-book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. When the FED lost the legal battle, the FED chairman held press conference and said that he expected the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he couldn't force them to (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds, some estimate that TBTF have been clearing $300B/annum off ZIRP funds). Note that chairman was supposedly selected in part for having been a depression era scholar. However FED had tried something similar then with the same results, so the chairman should have no reasonable expectation that they would do something different this time.

trivia: earlier in 2008, some $60B in offbook toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar. If the $5.2T had to be valued at market value, the four largest TBTF would have been declared insolvement and forced to be liquidated.

toxic asset posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
TBTF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
Fed Chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
Date: 12 Oct 2017
Blog: Facebook
"Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/10/120006.html

Study finds few restrictions on Rx opioids through Medicare
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-10/yu-sff100517.php
Many opioid-dosage combinations have no prescribing restrictions under Medicare formulary
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-10/acop-moc100317.php
The U.S. Opioid Epidemic | Council on Foreign Relations
https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/us-opioid-epidemic

Account of how some of the some people involved in supporting big tobacco, "team b" analysis, and climite change deniers, etc

Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured/dp/B003RRXXO8/

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#7 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#22 $40 billion missile defense system proves unreliable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#73 10 Big Fat Lies and the Liars Who Told Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#100 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#63 12 Reasons America Doesn't Win Its Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#47 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 16:13:34 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#80 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography

"Shattered Sword" based on released Japanese archives not previously available ... past afc post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#113 E.R. Burroughs

Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway
https://www.amazon.com/Shattered-Sword-Untold-Battle-Midway-ebook/dp/B005NIQ8SM/

pg397/loc9855-57:
This quest will necessarily set aside the more prominent reasons on the American side for their having won the battle. Code breaking, of course, stands at the top of the list, and Admiral Chester Nimitz's bold leadership, as well as strong performances by Admirals Frank Jack Fletcher and Raymond Spruance played important roles.
... snip ...

The Admirals: Nimitz, Halsey, Leahy, and King--The Five-Star Admirals Who Won the War at Sea
https://www.amazon.com/Admirals-Nimitz-Halsey-King-Five-Star-ebook/dp/B007ME5GYC/

pg249/loc3837-40:
In appraising the overall Pacific situation, King and Nimitz were both heavily relying on intelligence garnered from the sleuth work of three groups of code breakers in Australia, Washington, and Hawaii, the latter led by Commander Joseph J. Rochefort, a number-crunching nerd who combined a computer-like mind with unabashed intuitive insight. How the two admirals now chose to apply that intelligence, however, differed greatly.
... snip ...

The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949
https://www.amazon.com/Wars-Asia-1911-1949-S-Paine-ebook/dp/B0096R1NZ4/

loc4056-64:
Code breaking allowed the United States to predict the location of Japanese supply ships and troop transports, which submarines destroyed with great regularity once they received working ordnance. The original Rhode Island–designed torpedoes were defective, and only after a U.S. captain defied orders to open one up and figure out the problem did the manufacturer finally acknowledge and correct its error in October 1943. During the Pacific Ocean war, U.S. submarines sank 201 warships of 686, including 1 battleship, 8 carriers, 12 cruisers, 23 submarines, 43 destroyers, and 60 escort ships.115 Of the 2,117 Japanese merchant ships sunk in the war, U.S. submarines accounted for 1,314, or 56 percent.116 By war's end Japan's merchant marine had been reduced to one-ninth its pre–Pearl Harbor capacity, and only half the men and supplies sent from Japan and Manchuria reached the Pacific theater. These statistics are particularly notable, given the tiny numbers of submariners compared to the other services and specialties.
... snip ...

other past posts/refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#69 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#77 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#70 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#72 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#93 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#51 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#37 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#121 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#106 Iraq, Longest War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 16:39:39 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#80 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#85 WW II cryptography

misc. other from around the web:

The 'Codebreaker' Who Made Midway Victory Possible
http://www.npr.org/2011/12/07/143287370/the-codebreaker-who-made-midway-victory-possible
King [denied the award] on the recommendation of his staff. His staff was made up of people who knew Rochefort and actually despised him for all kinds of different reasons. ... He did not suffer fools lightly. And the chief of staff for King was a guy named Russell Wilson, who Rochefort encountered on the battleship Pennsylvania many years earlier. And Rochefort thought he was a stuffed shirt, and he conveyed this to him in various ways. Now, Rochefort's friends warned him that you can't talk to people that way. These people are going to be pretty important someday, and they turned out to be pretty important someday.
... snip ...

Joe Rochefort's War: Deciphering a Code Breaker
http://www.historynet.com/joe-rocheforts-war-deciphering-a-code-breaker.htm
Rochefort was by no means even remotely as brilliant a code breaker as, say, Thomas Dyer, one of his staff officers. Rochefort was a highly capable linguist and able intelligence officer, but so were many others. The edge that Rochefort's background gave him, Carlson argues, was his unique and irreplaceable ability to take fragmentary recoveries of the contents from a small portion of Japanese operational-message traffic and somehow connect these scattered shards into a remarkably accurate Big Picture of Japanese intentions and plans. This is just what he did for Midway. The complex story of how he ran the collegial and free-wheeling operation that produced the info-shards, and how he managed, against the odds, to link them, is as enthralling as any mystery.
... snip ...

WWII: The Naval Officer Who Saved Midway
https://scout.com/military/warrior/Article/WWII-The-Naval-Officer-Who-Saved-Midway-101459498
After Midway, the embarrassed officers in Washington exacted a measure of revenge.

Rochefort was eventually pulled from his codebreaking efforts for the rest of the war, leaving the Navy as a captain in 1953.

... snip ...

reminds me of my executive interview when leaving IBM being told: "They could have forgiven you for being wrong, but they were never going to forgive you for being right".

Joseph Rochefort
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Rochefort
How the U.S. Cracked Japan's 'Purple Encryption Machine' at the Dawn of World War II
https://io9.gizmodo.com/how-the-u-s-cracked-japans-purple-encryption-machine-458385664
Magic (cryptography)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_(cryptography)
World War II cryptography
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_cryptography
Code breaking in the Pacific War
http://www.yeapeople.com/Age3/ussubs/Codebreaking.html
How Did the U.S. Break Japanese Military Codes Before the Battle of Midway?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/quora/2013/11/20/u_s_in_world_war_ii_how_the_navy_broke_japanese_codes_before_midway.html
OFFICER WHO BROKE JAPANESE WAR CODES GETS BELATED HONOR
http://www.nytimes.com/1985/11/17/us/officer-who-broke-japanese-war-codes-gets-belated-honor.html?pagewanted=all
Pivotal victory from "the dungeon" turned the tide of World War II
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/jun/1/battle-of-midway-helped-turn-tide-pacific-war/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 18:42:10 -0700
The Communist Agent Who Caused Pearl Harbor -- and Global Economic Havoc
https://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/17147-the-communist-agent-who-caused-pearl-harbor-and-global-economic-havoc
Documents released from the decoded Venona Files, from the Soviet KGB archives, from our own National Archives, and memoirs of Soviet officials now confirm what noted anti-communist writers, Congressional investigations, Communist Party defectors, and FBI documents had stated for decades: Harry Dexter White (shown), assistant secretary of the treasury in the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was a top Soviet spy and agent of influence who not only caused incalculable harm to the United States, but also materially assisted Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin's spreading of terror and tyranny throughout the entire world.

and
White's plan was calculated to inflame public opinion in Japan and undermine Emperor Hirohito and Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoye, both of whom favored peace with the U.S. It was also aimed at guaranteeing the rise to power of Japan's political forces that were beating the drums for war. This is precisely -- and predictably -- what happened. However, White did not undertake this move on his own initiative, it is important to note, but as a directive of the NKVD (an earlier name for the Soviet KGB). His Kremlin bosses were most anxious for assurance that Japan would not attack the Soviet Union; they thus expended great efforts through their spy and propaganda networks in Japan, Europe, and the United States to ensure that Japan would strike America, rather than the U.S.S.R.
... snip ...

... article also weighs in on Mile's characterizing OSS & some factions of the Army actions gave China to the communists ... recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography

with White's own contribution:
-- When Stalin requested a $6-billion loan in January of 1945 White upped it to $10 billion, and at better terms. Russia's request had been that it be for 30 years at an annual interest rate of 2.25 percent. White proposed the larger sum with a more generous 35-year payment period at only two percent. Plus, he proposed that the U.S. grant an additional $1 billion at no interest.

-- While providing the Communists with every possible assistance, White was doing everything possible to cut off aid that had been appropriated by Congress to assist our ally Chiang Kai-shek's anti-communist government in China. White was a key operative in treachery that pushed China into Communist hands.

... snip ...

Miles doesn't say OSS & Army were treacherous ... they just wanted to be in charge .... when Navy and Nationalists rebuffed them during WW2, they turned to working with the communists and could claim they were in charge of something.

Did Soviet Agents Help Plan Pearl Harbor?
http://discerninghistory.com/2015/12/did-soviet-agents-help-plan-pearl-harbor/
In June of 1941, Adolf Hitler broke the Hitler-Stalin Pact (also known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact), by his German army's invasion of the Soviet Union. Japan at this time was allied to Germany due to the 1940 Tripartite pact. The German Army's invasion would have inevitably led to Japan's involvement in the war against the Soviet Union. For Joseph Stalin this meant a two front war with Germany attacking the Soviet Union from the west and Japan attacking from the East
... snip ...

Pearl Harvor 2.0
http://nation.time.com/2012/12/07/pearl-harbor-2-0/
The Russians, meanwhile, knew that they could not simultaneously repel an expected German invasion from the west and respond to the Japanese threat from the east. A series of skirmishes with the Japanese at Nomonhan in 1939 had revealed serious weaknesses in the Soviet military.
... snip ...

Understanding Pearl Harbor
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/cifamerica/2008/dec/07/us-japan-pearl-harbor-anniversary
Over the course of the summer of 1941, events slowly tilted Japan toward the possibility of war with the west. But Pearl Harbor was in no way inevitable. Germany's attack on the Soviet Union compelled Japan in July 1941 to prepare a plan of attack
... snip ...

another quote from the web:
Vitali Prokhorov, a Soviet agent, was told to go to Washington and start a war between the United States and Japan. The Soviet Union did not want to fight Germany and Japan at the same time. The Japanese and the Russians had a battle in Mongolia early in 1939, and while the Russians won, because they had better tanks, the Japanese were much tougher than they had expected. The Soviets said if these people were to fight against us with full force, it'd tie up a quarter of the army in Asia, and they wouldn't be able to fight the Germans effectively. They had to have a war between the United States and Japan, to keep the Japanese out of Siberia, and out of Russia.
... snip ...

National Archives on FDR involvement
https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1996/fall/butow.html
Archival research does not support these contentions. The problem in 1941 was not that Roosevelt was relentlessly pushing Japan's leaders toward the brink; the problem was that he could not find a viable way to stop them from taking the plunge of their own accord.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

WW II cryptography

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: WW II cryptography
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 13 Oct 2017 09:35:02 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Yea. The trick is to let others claim the "right". That keeps one out of the politics of being right and allows one to concentrate on the work (which is the fun part).

at least Rochefort fared better than Turing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing

One of Boyd's sayings ... note that by the time Boyd passed, the USAF had pretty much disowned him ... it was the Marines at Arlington and his papers went to library/research at Quantico ... so it somewhat suprising that USAF did Boyd hall (although it was after he dies):

There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question. Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999

...

trivia: when he was instructor at Nellis he was considered possibly the best fighter pilot in the world ... and that was just the start

John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

past posts & URL mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#77 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#80 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#81 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#85 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#86 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Obsolete processors, 286 vs. 386
Newsgroups: sci.electronics.design, comp.arch
Date: Fri, 13 Oct 2017 10:01:22 -0700
I was in skirmish with Boca regarding the nature of the PC market. I would periodically post on internal formers, single unit prices from Sunday SJMN ... way below Boca predictions. Note late 80s, makers on the other side of the pacific built up huge inventory of 286 machines for the holiday market ... then intel announces 386sx (significantly reduces system cost with lots of stuff incorporated into 386 processor chip) ... and there are enormous 286 fire sales.

Then head of Boca does large contract with Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) to do detailed study and future of PC market ... that calls for several hour video tape of silicon valley experts. I know the person running the Dataquest study and am asked to be one of the silicon valley experts ... I clear it with my management and Dataquest promises to garble my bio/intro so Boca won't recognize me.

recent post with my last post on internal forum (july 1992), just days before leaving IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#0

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






previous, next, index - home