List of Archived Posts

2011 Newsgroup Postings (10/11 - 11/07)

Before Netscape: the forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
Banks Awash in Cash, Which Isn't Good News
Soups
Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
Soups
Any candidates for best acronyms?
Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
Goodbye, OODA-Loop
Colossal Cave Adventure
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Dennis Ritchie
Wicked Problems
ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
Dennis Ritchie
Great Brian Arthur article on the Second Economy
DefDog: Drones Kill US Forces - Once Again, BAD IDEA
UAV vis-a-vis F35
Goodbye, OODA-Loop
Training Sailors to be Autodidactic
Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Massive SQL injection attack has compromised nearly 200,000 ASP.Net sites
Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
big-little
What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Revealed -- the capitalist network that runs the world
The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
John McCarthy
The men who crashed the world
The Godfather of Kathmandu
VNET 1983 1000 NODES
John McCarthy
CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
HA/CMP Marketing Tour
PCI and the Insider Threat
The men who crashed the world
The men who crashed the world
John McCarthy 1927-2011
What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
The men who crashed the world
Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president
What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
"Geek" t-shirts
Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president
The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views
"Geek" t-shirts
Has any of you worked on a project from start to end?
Two studies of the concentration of power -- government and industry
ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
Soups
Soups
The debt fallout: How Social Security went "cash negative" earlier than expected
The Myth of British Counterinsurgency?
The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
Soups
Soups
The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
The men who crashed the world
A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
The men who crashed the world
A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
Scanning JES3 JCL
Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
PDCA vs. OODA
Scanning JES3 JCL
What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
Innovation and iconoclasm
There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence
There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence
Innovation and iconoclasm
John R. Opel, RIP
Silicoin
At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

Before Netscape: the forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Before Netscape: the forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2011 11:24:45 -0400
Before Netscape: the forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s
http://arstechnica.com/web/news/2011/10/before-netscape-forgotten-web-browsers-of-the-early-1990s.ars

periodic references ... SGML morphing into HTML at CERN
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

and first webserver in US at SLAC (sister institution to CERN):
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

recent webserver reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#67 NeXT, give Steve a little credit for the Web

and then

Father of SSL says despite attacks, the security linchpin has lots of life left
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2011/101911-sql-injection-attack-252188.html

we were working on cluster scaleup as part of HA/CMP (both commerical and numerical intensive) ... including with oracle ... reference to jan92 meeting in ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

two of the people at the meeting, later leave and join a small client/server startup responsible for something called the "commerce server".

over the next few weeks, after the ellison's meeting, the cluster scaleup part is transfered, we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... and the cluster scaleup work announced as "supercomputer" (for numerical intensive only, no commercial). this motivates us to (also) leave. some past email about cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
and various past posts mentioning ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

we get brought in as consultants to the small client/server startup because they want to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use ... which is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

misc. past posts mentioning SSL domain name digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

misc. past posts mentioning "payment gateway" ... interface to webservers on the internet and the financial payment networks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banks Awash in Cash, Which Isn't Good News

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 11 Oct, 2011
Subject: Banks Awash in Cash, Which Isn't Good News
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#75 Banks Awash in Cash, Which Isn't Good News

Bernie Madoff is case of SEC in hibernation during the first decade of the century. Sarbanes-Oxley audits were suppose to prevent more Enron & Worldcom; however even GAO appeared to believe that SEC wasn't doing anything and started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings with uptic even after SOX (aka reference to Enron being dry run and worked so well it become institutionalized).

At the time of the Madoff hearings, the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff ... was very reluctant to give press interviews ... and had a legal representative do the interviews. There was reference to some belief that Madoff could only continue for that decade because SEC was under the influence of some very bad people who were his accomplices and wouldn't look kindly on his efforts. A year later in book tour interview ... he apparently had changed his mind ... that Madoff turned himself in (or otherwise SEC may have never gotten around to doing anything) because Madoff had defrauded some very bad people ... and Madoff was looking for gov. protection.

past posts mentioning Madoff:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#73 What can we learn from the meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#0 Audit II: Two more scary words: Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#20 Decision Making or Instinctive Steering?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#44 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#51 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#37 NEW SEC (Enforcement) MANUAL, A welcome addition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#47 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#75 Whistleblowing and reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#15 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#2 CEO pay sinks - Wall Street Journal/Hay Group survey results just released
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#45 Artificial Intelligence to tackle rogue traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#67 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#29 Transparency and Visibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#12 IBM identity manager goes big on role control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#30 An Amazing Document On Madoff Said To Have Been Sent To SEC In 2005
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#71 "Rat Your Boss" or "Rats to Riches," the New SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#57 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#47 Audits VII: the future of the Audit is in your hands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#46 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#31 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#41 Profiling of fraudsters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#43 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#34 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#42 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#35 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#71 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#76 E-commerce smackdown as PCI standards revised
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#54 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#21 Ernst & Young called to account -- should Audit firms be investigated for their role in the crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#46 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#48 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#21 New-home sales in 2010 fall to lowest in 47 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#26 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#56 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#82 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#88 Court OKs Firing of Boeing Computer-Security Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#5 How they failed to catch Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#40 Fight Fraud with Device ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#52 Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#66 Senate Democrats Ask House to Boost SEC Funding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#67 U.S. can't account for $8.7 billion of Iraq's money: audit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#15 Is the SEC Covering Up Wall Street Crimes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#20 Study shows powerful corporations really do control the world's finances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#37 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#60 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#76 FIA shocked and outraged after Senator leaks oil trading data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#1 As Pressure Grows to Cut Spending, the True Cost of Weapons Is Anyone's Guess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#18 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#33 Deloitte sued for $7.6 billion, accused of missing fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soups

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soups
Newsgroups: alt.usage.english, alt.folklore.computers, rec.arts.sf.written
Date: Wed, 12 Oct 2011 08:30:04 -0400
Peter Brooks <peter.h.m.brooks@gmail.com> writes:
I actually moved from M$ windows to a mac specifically because it was much easier to use than DOS. I spent a number of years supporting people with networking problems (SNA & X.25 as well as more modern TCP/ IP stuff) so I saw no reason why I should have to go through the nasty hassle that DOS requires to get around its various design problems myself. The Mac just sorts all that stuff out, leaving me able to get on with things.

about the time SNA was getting underway (somewhat as Future System was dieing), my wife was co-author of AWP39, peer-to-peer networking architecture. there was a joke that SNA is not a system, not a network, and not an architecture .... it was centralized control system for large number of dumb terminals ... but SNA had co-opted the term network ... so real networking had to be differentiated with "peer-to-peer".

in some ways both arpanet and sna (and osi) were similar in requiring tightly integrated operation ... making it difficult to grow and expand. in contrast the internal network ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

done at the science center ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

had something akin to gateway in each node making it much easier to grow and expand the network (and was not SNA). recent a.f.c. reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary

wiki related to internal network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSCS

which references:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

from above:
In 1976, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Henricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton P. Cerf. From that point on, Vint and other DARPA scientists adopted Hendricks connectionless approach. The result developed into the Internet as we know it today.[6]

... snip ...

I've periodically pointed out that internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late '85 or early '86. The big change in internet growth was when arpanet converted from IMPs & host protocol to internetworking protocol on 1jan83 (about 100IMPs and possibly 250 hosts, easily incorporating gateways that significantly eased growing the networks and interconnecting networks of networks; this was at time when internal network was nearing passing the 1000th node/host).

Another difference in the 80s ... was appearance of tcp/ip stack on PCs and workstations ... while the internal network was at attempting to maintain the terminal emulation paradigm (and only hosts could be network nodes) ... misc. past posts mentioning terminal emulation paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

in the late 80s, there was enormous resources to convert the internal network links to SNA ... despite suggestions that it would be much more efficient to convert them to tcp/ip. there was a lot of mis-information and internal politics that went on as part of the internal network links converting to SNA ... a couple old emails on the subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

other old email mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet

the post with 870302 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#7

also references that there was other internal mis-information being spread about that sna/vtam could also be used for the nsfnet backbone (tcp/ip is technology basis for modern internet, nsfnet backbone was the operational basis for the modern internet and cix was the business basis for the modern internet). misc. past posts mentioning nsfnet backbone activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

a few other recent posts mentioning the RSCS wiki
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#60 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?

The RSCS technology was also used for BITNET (& EARN) ..
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

misc. past posts mentioning BITNET (&/or EARN)
http://www.garic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Oct, 2011
Subject: Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
http://www.informationweek.com/news/security/vulnerabilities/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=222001977

from above:
Although financial institutions have to date largely escaped the fate of the U.S. government and other industries, security experts warn that it's only a matter of time until a bank suffers a major breach from a cyber attack.

... snip ...

related article
Could a Major Security Breach Be on the Horizon? Although financial institutions have to date largely escaped the fate of the U.S. government and other industries, security experts warn that it's only a matter of time until a bank suffers a major breach from a cyber attack
http://www.banktech.com/risk-management/231300059


... snip ...

note that in the past the financial industry was extremely reluctant to report breaches (major motivation behind the original cal. data breach notification legislation from over a decade ago)

in the 95/96 time-frame there were financial industry conferences where the dial-up, online consumer banking were giving presentations that they would move to internet; major motivation was to offload the customer support costs (associated with running proprietary dailup environment) would be offloaded to ISPs. At the same time the dial-up online commercial/cash-management banking were saying they would NEVER move to the internet because of a wide variety of exploits and vulnerabilities.

About the same time, FEDWIRE was saying that they would NEVER adopt PKI (because of the systemic risks) and NEVER move to the internet (for mostly the same reasons that the online commercial/cash-management operations were saying they would NEVER move to the internet).

Somewhat, totally unrelated ... when my wife must have been in kindergarten, she was con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture (mainframe for cluster) where she created peer-coupled shared data architecture ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

she didn't remain long because there was very little uptake of the architecture (except for IMS hot-standby) until sysplex (and parallel sysplex).

However, in the 90s, FEDWIRE would attribute their 100% availability for a decade to

1) IMS hot-standby 2) automated operator

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soups

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soups
Newsgroups: alt.usage.english, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Oct 2011 14:52:28 -0400
Peter Moylan <invalid@peter.pmoylan.org.invalid> writes:
The Vice-Chancellor of my university used to send out "all staff" memos that were a few sentences of plain text, embedded in an MS-Word attachment that padded the e-mail out to about 2 MB in length. Nobody ever taught him how to write a "plain text" e-mail.

before got some of the online tools on the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

I use to maintain a nickname file that eventually grew to 27,000 (about 5% of the employees).

There was an incident when an executive (that I reported to) asked me to distribute a farewell tome when he was leaving the company ... and I inadvertently selected the whole nickname file ... I got a lot of backlash from random people that had never heard of me or this particular executive.

At least it didn't flood the network transmitting 27,000 physical copies ... it used the (distribution) *LIST processing so it optimized the number of physical transmissions. old email mentioning *LIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#email800327
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#email821112
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#6 Timeline: The evolution of online communities

a couple other past posts mentioning internal network *LIST processor:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#12 Timeline: The evolution of online communities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#13 Timeline: The evolution of online communities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#52 Mainframe Hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#4 Arpanet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Any candidates for best acronyms?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Oct, 2011
Subject: Any candidates for best acronyms?
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#55 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#60 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#54 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#55 Any candidates for best acronyms?

from upthread:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houston_Automatic_Spooling_Priority

as undergraduate in the 60s, I got to play with cp67 on the weekends when it was installed at the univ. in jan68. CP67 came with dynamic terminal type and support for 2741 and 1052 terminals. Univ. had some number of ascii/tty terminals ... so I added that support ... also doing automatic terminal type using "SAD" command to dynamically associated line-scanner type with each port. It worked for leased lines ... but I also wanted to use it for single pool of dial-up ("hunt group" ... single/same dial-in number for all terminals) ... which failed because 2702 hardwired line speed. This somewhat prompted univ. to start clone controller (that would do both dynamic terminal type and dynamic line speed) ... with Interdata/3 mini ... later four of us got written up for some amount of clone controller business.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

I then removed (remote) 2780 support from HASP (to reduce code footprint) and put in 2741 & TTY/ascii terminal support ... along with editor implementing the CMS edit syntax (rewritten from scratch since CMS & HASP environments are radically different). misc. past posts mentioning HASP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

The univ. library also got an ONR grant to do online catalog. Part of the money went for a 2321 datacell. The effort was also selected as betatest for the original CICS product ... and I got tasked to support/debug the deployment. misc. past posts mentioning CICS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

ascii ... american standard code for information interchange

tale about how 360 was going to be ascii (instead of ebcdic) and Learson made one of the biggest "mistakes" of 360
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Founders of SSL Call Game Over?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 13 Oct, 2011
Subject: Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
Blog: Financial Cryptography
Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001337.html

We were working on high-availability and no-single-point-of-failure and also doing cluster scaleup (for both commercial and numerical intensive) ... originally it was called HA/6000, but I coined "HA/CMP" as marketing term to capture both concepts. Part of the effort was with major RDBMS vendors ... including Oracle. This is old reference to Jan92 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Two of the people in the meeting later leave and join a small client/server startup responsible for something called the "commerce server". Approx. a month after the Jan92 meeting, the cluster scaleup part is transferred (and announced as a supercomputer for numerical intensive only) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. This motivates us to leave.

Sometime later, we are brought in as consultants to the small client/server startup because they want to do payment transactions on their server; the startup up had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". As part of the deployment we do audits and walk throughs of these new businesses selling SSL domain name certificates. misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

The browser Certification Authority operational model wasn't a no single-point-of-failure ... it was an "any point of failure" ... the probability of a failure increases as the number of CAs increase (a systemic risk scenario). Also there were some security assumptions about the browser/server deployments ... which were almost immediately violated ... voiding some amount of the security model. It wasn't long before I coined the term comfort certificates in attempt to differentiate the feeling of security from real security.

The SSL domain name Certification Authority model has somebody applying for a digital certificate and providing identification information. The CA then must contact the authoritative agency responsible for domain names to cross-check the application supplied identification information with whats on file with the domain name authoritative agency (time-consuming, error-prone, and expensive).

The CA industry has somewhat backed pieces of DNSSEC as eliminating some number of authoritative agency vulnerabilities (i.e. the CA industry trust root is the authoritative agency responsible for the domain name information) ... like domain name take-over. Part of that is a domain name registrant, at the same time also registers a public key. Then all future communication between the domain name owner and the domain name infrastructure is digitally signed, which can be verified with the on-file public key. It turns out that the CA industry could also require SSL digital certificate application to also be digitally signed ... and then they could eliminate the time-consuming, error-prone and expensive identification process with a much simpler, more reliable, and less expensive authentication process by doing real-time retrieval of the on-file public key at the domain name infrastructure.

However, this creates something of a catch-22 for the SSL domain name CA industry, since if they can do real-time retrieval of on-file public key (for authentication), then others might also start doing something similar ... eliminating the need for SSL domain name digital certificates. misc. past posts mentioning catch-22 for the SSL domain name CA industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#catch22

I had worked on HSP in the late 80s ... that included being able to do a reliable transactions in minimum of three exchanges ... compared to minimum of seven exchanges for TCP. In the mid-90s, as HTTP servers were starting to scale-up they were starting to find that 99% of the processor was starting to be used dedicated to running the TCP FINWAIT list (most TCP implementations had been designed assuming long-lasting reliable connections, and had never anticipated it to be used for something like HTTP). I proposed being able to piggy-back returning public key in the domain name to ip-address response. Then a light-weight SSL connection could be done in an HSP 3-packet exchange ... but client generating symmetric packet key, encrypting the packet, encrypting the packet key with the server public key. In effect, light-weight SSL could be done in the same number of packets as a non-encrypted, non-SSL operation. misc. past posts mentioning HSP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

some past email about cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

and past posts about ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Founders of SSL Call Game Over?

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 13 Oct, 2011
Subject: Founders of SSL Call Game Over?
Blog: Financial Cryptography
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#6 Founders of SSL Call Game Over?

Disclaimer: Somewhat in the wake of having done electronic commerce, in the mid-90s, we were invited to participate in the X9A10 financial standard working group which have been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for ALL retail payments.

The result was the x9.59 financial transaction standard which allowed for digitally signed transactions but didn't require digital certificates to be appended to the transactions. Some references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

Part of the issue was that even an abbreviated (relying-party-only) digital certificate (i.e. the information was registered with the relying-party, the relying-party would issue a digital certificate for use only by the relying-party) was 100 times larger than the typical payment transaction payload size. misc. past posts mentioning the enormous payload size bloat that would come from appending digital certificates to payment transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#bloat

the issue was that since the relying-party already had the information (contained in the digital certificate), it was redundant and superfluous to append the same information (in the form of digital certificate) to every payment transaction (besides representing enormous payload bloat).

The largest use of SSL in the world is this thing called "electronic commerce" for hiding transaction details. One of the characteristics of X9.59 transactions was that it was no longer necessary to hide the transactions ... which eliminated the major use of SSL in the world. Not needing to hide the information also eliminates threats from skimming, evesdropping, and data breaches. It doesn't eliminate such activity, but the major motivation is crooks using the harvested information for fraudulent transactions. X9.59 eliminated the ability of crooks to use such harvested information for fraudulent transactions ... and therefor eliminated the attractiveness to crooks for performing such operations.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Goodbye, OODA-Loop

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Oct, 2011
Subject: Goodbye, OODA-Loop
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/7EWnUF
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#66 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#72 Goodbye, OODA-Loop

with regard to reference
http://www.dodccrp.org/files/agility_advantage/Agility_Advantage_Book.pdf

Organic Design for Command and Control talks about gaining agility, in part by pushing decisions to the lowest possible level ... and/or closest to the problem.

Boyd would point out that the Army adopted rigid top-down command & control structure for WW2 with strategy for prevailing by the use of massive, overwhelming resources (in lieu of agility), which Boyd claimed was also starting to infect US corporations by the early 80s. Massive, overwhelming resources also shows up as significant logistic operation and an attrition strategy may be side-effect (being able to outlast the adversary).

Dominance by massive, overwhelming resources (and rigid, top-down, command& control structure) tends to also attract massive greed and corruption as side-effect and becomes addictive (the articles related to MICC). A strategic solution involving efficient agility & skill tends to provide significant less opportunity for greed and corruption (and would be resisted by an established culture based on such characteristics).

Boyd WWW URLs and past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

for the fun of it, did a search engine in the dodccrp.org domain for OODA-loop and got lots of hits (190)

Several claims that Al-Qaeda reversed the attritionist strategy over the past decade resulting in US exhausting much of its massive overwhelming resources. Even with the MICC and the addiction to massive resources and the secondary effects that such an environment brings ... Winslow's reference to what happened to the other trillion
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4623

note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html

The depletion of massive resources may force the country into strategy of skills & agility ... even with the enormous addiction to massive resources (and just paying lip service to skills & agility)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Colossal Cave Adventure

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Oct, 2011
Subject: Colossal Cave Adventure
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/XTJEHh

it was on stanford's pdp10. tymshare (not far from stanford) ported it to their vm370/cms commercial timesharing service ... where i saw it and was in the process of getting a copy when somebody sent me a copy over the internal network from the UK. I would make executable available internally and anybody that got all the points, I would send the source. some old "adventure" email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#email780321
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email780405
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email780405b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#email780414
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#email780517
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#email790912

there was two-party spacewar game done on pdp1. Somebody at the cambridge science center then did a version for 2250m4 (i.e. 2250 graphics display plus 1130) in the late 60s. The 2250 keyboard was divided in half for the spaceship controls for two-party play.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Oct, 2011
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

In the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the internal, annual, world-wide communication group conference; he opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on mainframe datacenter ... trying to preserve the communication group terminal emulation install base. As a result, the disk division was seeing massive amounts of data fleeing the mainframe datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms. The disk division had come up with a number of products to correct the situation, but since the communication group had corporate strategic "ownership" for everything that cross the datacenter walls, they were allowed to veto all such products by the disk division. misc. past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

In the middle 90s, the major financial institutions spent billions of dollars on re-engineering overnight batch (cobol) processing for straight through processing. A lot of the legacy applications had been batch operations for financial transactions in the 60s & early 70s. Then they started providing "online" transaction support ... that would start the transaction ... but final processing still was being done in (overnight) batch operation. The overnight batch window was being heavily stressed by increase in workload and globalization cutting the window size. The re-engineering was to leverage parallel operation on massive numbers of killer micros to implement straight through processing (eliminating requirement for overnight batch). The problem was that they were using parallelization technology that introduced 100 times more overhead (than cobol batch) which totally swamped the anticipated throughput with the parallel micros (and nobody had done speeds&feeds/scaleup until deployment). This resulted in massive scars in the financial industry IT ... which still lingered on a decade later (extreme risk adverse. The financial industry is one of the remaining pockets of major mainframe operation.

misc. past posts mentioning overnight batch &/or straight-through processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#40 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#31 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#15 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#19 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#37 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#44 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#61 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#19 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#64 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#69 Controlling COBOL DDs named SYSOUT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#72 whats the world going to do when all the baby boomers retire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#81 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#74 Too much change opens up financial fault lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#30 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#31 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#87 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#89 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#55 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#50 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#56 Long running Batch programs keep IMS databases offline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#26 What is the biggest IT myth of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#30 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#7 If you had a massively parallel computing architecture, what unsolved problem would you set out to solve?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#87 Cleaning Up Spaghetti Code vs. Getting Rid of It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#43 Business process re-engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#1 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#2 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#21 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#57 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#81 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#67 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#77 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#16 How long for IBM System/360 architecture and its descendants?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#41 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#37 A Bright Future for Big Iron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#91 Mainframe Fresher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#93 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#52 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Oct, 2011
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

This references project that I was working on in the mid-80s, trying to have large number of 370 processors in a rack intermixed with large number of other kinds of processors and large number of racks ... old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#17

At the time, I was also involved in doing this stuff for what was going to become the NSFNET backbone (tcp/ip is the technology basis for the modern internet, NFSNET backbone was the operational basis for the modern internet and CIX was the business basis for the modern internet). This is reference about having to juggle meetings with the director of NSF with the meetings with the large number of processors in a rack meetings ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email850315
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#47

When the NSFNET backbone RFP came out, internal politics preventing us from bidding; the director of NSF tried to help writing a letter to the corporation (copying the CEO) ... references like what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all bid submissions (but that just aggravated the internal politics). Other old NSFNET related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

When my wife must have been in kindergarten, she was con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture and while there came up with peer-coupled shared data architecture ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

she had periodic battles with the communication group trying to force her to use SNA for loosely-coupled operation. There would be temporary truces ... where the communication group allowed that she could use anything within the walls of the datacenter ... but the communication group "owned" everything that crossed the datacenter walls. She didn't remain long ... combination of the communication group battles and slow uptake of the architecture until sysplex and parallel sysplex (except for IMS hotstandby).

Before sysplex come into being ... we were doing this effort with RS/6000 that started out as ha/6000. However we started also doing cluster scaleup and i coined the term ha/cmp trying to capture combination of high availability and cluster scaleup (for both commercial/dbms as well as scientific/numerical intensive). Reference to jan92 meeting in ellison's conference room on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
misc. old email referencing cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

I also coined the terms disaster survivability (to try and differentiate from disaster/recovery) and geographic survivability. I was also asked to write a section for the corporation's continuous availability strategy document ... but it got pulled because both Rochester (as400) and POK (mainframe) complained they couldn't meet the requirements. some past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

As mentioned in the ha/cmp references ... within 4-6 weeks after the Ellison meeting, the cluster scaleup part was transferred (announced as supercomputer for numeric intensive only) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Oct 2011 07:42:54 -0700
a couple references ("internet time zone database")

ICANN rescues time zone database
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/10/16/icann_rescues_time_zone_database/
http://lxnews.org/2011/10/17/icann-taking-over-olson-db/
http://news.softpedia.com/news/ICANN-Takes-Over-Time-Zone-Database-Crucial-to-the-Internet-After-Copyright-Lawsuit-228060.shtml
http://www.circleid.com/posts/20111014_icann_to_manage_internet_time_zone_database/

ICANN reference
http://www.icann.org/

Wiki overview
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICANN

for some drift, IETF Editor (publishes internet standards) function has also been at USC ISI (picture in above).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Engineering_Task_Force

For a long time it was Postel
http://www.postel.org/postel.html

Jon use to let me do part of (IETF) STD1 and periodically I would go by USC ISI to visit him

and my RFC/IETF standards index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Oct, 2011
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#11 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

other aspects of the communication groups stanglehold was prolificate mis-information regarding SNA/VTAM.

The internal network was larger than the arpa/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late-85 or early-86 and was *NOT* SNA/VTAM. In the late 80s, there was big push to convert internal network links to SNA/VTAM requiring massive additional resources (and ignoring arguments that it would be significantly more efficient to convert links to tcp/ip). As part of the effort, they started limiting the internal network meetings to managers only and eliminating technical people ... old email reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#4

old email about SNA/VTAM mis-information for internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#7

There was also internal mis-information making claims that the NSFNET backbone could be implemented using SNA/VTAM ... old email reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#21 SNA/VTAM for NSFNET

note that one of the reasons that number of nodes in the internet passed internal network (late 85/early 86) was that communication group was limiting PCs and workstations to terminal emulation while PCs and workstations were starting to appear on the internet as full peer network nodes (which then also was major motivation for data fleeing the mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms). The aggressive effort (requiring massive additional resources) to convert internal network to SNA/VTAM could be viewed as attempting to preclude conversion to tcp/ip and being able to treat PCs & workstations as full network nodes (undermining the terminal emulation paradigm).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

and internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

and internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

In the late 80s, disk division did manage to help push TCP/IP product for mainframe ... which communication group couldn't quite block ... however since they said that the links crossed the datacenter walls ... they "owned" the inter-connect product ... and inflated the box price by nearly 20 times ... over what the disk division wanted to charge for the box. The box was also actually a bridge ... not a router ... so a lot of overhead was placed on the mainframe software to perform the TCP/IP to mac translation before handing off to the bridge/lan box.

I did the rfc1044 enhancements for the VM TCP/IP product supporting a real router box and in some tuning tests at Cray Research (between cray and 4341 clone) got nearly 500 times improvement in the bytes moved per (mainframe) instruction executing (driving sustained transfer at 4341 channel media speed using only modest amount of 4341 processor).

The VM TCP/IP product was later ported to MVS ... by writing MVS simulation for some of the VM functions.

Much, much later, an outside contractor was hired to implement tcp/ip support in VTAM. Their initial implementation ran much (much) faster than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody knows that a "correct" TCP/IP implementation would run much slower than LU6.2 ... and he would only get paid for a "correct" implementation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dennis Ritchie

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Dennis Ritchie
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 17 Oct 2011 12:27:30 -0400
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I've seen lots of code I couldn't understand thanks to excessive efforts to eliminate those harmful GOTOs.

recent thread mentioning abstracting assembler programs (that only implementation for conditionals is with branches) and trying to generate higher-level constructions (if/then/else, etc) in pascal-like syntax.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#49 How do you feel about 'gotos'

part of the problem was machine instruction condition and branch condition was four-value ... and it wasn't uncommon to find at least three-value logic (if not four-value) in optimized code. sometimes there was very highly optimized and very readible assembler programs ... that converted to horrible mess trying to represent as if/then/else, do/while/until, etc. (cases like nesting 15-20 levels deep)

the issue with GOTOs in problem failure forensics was trying to reconstruct the instruction sequence involving multiple spegetti paths arriving at arbitrary points via GOTOs .... especially involving incorrect register contents creating the failure ... and there is some anomolous path that fails to initialize the register(s).

other mention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#6 Losing our culture.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#21 REXX still going strong after 25 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#36 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#16 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#52 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#32 transputers again was: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#1 Greatest Software Ever Written?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#41 Is this true? (Were gotos really *that* bad?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#35 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#64 IBM System/360 DOS still going strong as Z/VSE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#57 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#30 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#43 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#76 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wicked Problems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 17 Oct, 2011
Subject: Wicked Problems
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/6JvRhY

I find that they nearly always seem to be people defending turf, status quo, and/or (even stealing) money. In contrast, we would periodically wander into office of director of NSF and he would accuse my wife of only wanting to work on Grand Challenge problems.

Part of internet security analysis as a "wicked problem"

a decade ago there were a number of "safe" internet payment products being pitched to online merchants (hit merchants accounting for approx. 60% of internet transactions). merchants for decades have been indoctrinated that major part of the "interchange fee" was proportional to avg. fraud (with internet transactions having the highest charge). these "safe" products had high acceptance with merchants expecting possibly order of magnitude reduction in fees charged by the financial institutions. The cognitive dissonance came when the financial institutions decided that they would set the fees for "safe" products to higher than the currently highest charged fee (rather than 1/10th) ... and the whole acceptance disappeared along with the products.

In the US, large payment card financial institutions can avg. 40-60 percent of the bottom line from the payment transactions fees, compared to less than 10 percent for European institutions ... resulting in European institutions being much higher uptake for "safe" products.

For quite awhile, I've used a couple metaphors to describe the current situation (which dates back several decades, but there has been technology to correct the fraud problems for nearly two decades).

Security proportional to risk metaphor
The value of the payment transaction information to a merchant is profit on each transaction, possibly only a couple dollars (for a transaction processor, each transaction information value may be a few cents). The value of the payment transaction information to a crook (who can use the information for performing a fraudulent transaction) is the account balance &/or credit limit (several hundred to several thousands dollars). As a result, a crook can afford to outspend attacking the system by a factor of 100 times what the merchants and processors can afford to spend defending the system.

Dual-use information metaphor
The payment transaction information is used in dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the globe. It is basically the same information that is the target of crooks harvesting that enable them to perform fraudulent transactions. I've frequently commented that even if the globe is blanket under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop the information leakage (since it is constantly being required).

...

I was co-author of the X9.59 financial transaction protocol in the 90s that 1) eliminated the dual-use characteristic as well as 2) security proportional to risk. The majority of the information that is the target of crooks keylogging, skimming, evesdropping, and data breaches ... is used for both business processes and for originating transactions. X9.59 slightly tweaked the current payment transaction paradigm, eliminating the crooks being able to use the information from keylogging, skimming, evesdropping and data breaches for fraudulent transactions; all the information that is used for business processes is no longer useful to crooks (for fraudulent transactions, dual-use information metaphor) and all the information that merchants & processors need to use and has been vulnerable ... no longer needs to be protected (as countermeasure to fraudulent transaction, security proportional to risk).

X9.59 transaction protocol standard has characteristic of eliminating most existing payment transaction fraud (including from majority of data breaches), but as in the "safe" products, has the danger of cutting transactions fees by order of magnitude (major impact on financial institution revenue). It has the potential of commoditizing the payment transaction industry and lowering the bar for competitors to enter the market. Rather than more rounds of ever increasing security to protect the information, it tweaked the paradigm and eliminated the information as a vulnerability.

reference to x9.59 financial standard protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2011 09:46:57 -0400
ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2011/10/arpanets-coming-out-party-when-the-internet-first-took-center-stage.ars

from above:
It was mid-1971. Ten scientists met at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Tech Square in Cambridge. They had been given a task by the director of the Pentagon's Information Processing Techniques Office. The moment had arrived, Larry Roberts told the group's leaders, to publicly demonstrate IPTO's crowning achievement: the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, forerunner of the Internet.

... snip ...

and
But soon a critical mass of scientists and engineers would realize its importance. The demo took a year to plan. It was held at the first International Conference on Computer Communication in Washington, DC in October of 1972. And it accomplished what its organizers hoped. "Many skeptics were converted by witnessing the responsiveness and robustness of the system," remembers Internet pioneer Vint Cerf. Out of that "pivotal" meeting came a new research group dedicated to furthering the cause of distributed packet switching.

... snip ...

recent posts with semi-related reference to tech sq & vint cerf
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups

and past posts mentioning science center at tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dennis Ritchie

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Dennis Ritchie
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2011 16:00:09 -0400
GS <nomail@nospam.org.invalid> writes:
Hence the invention of COME FROM.

Returning to Dennis Ritchie, was it him or Ken Thompson who was said to have designed a UI for a car which dispensed with all the lights and gauges on the dashboard and just flashed up a giant "?" if there was a problem?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#14 Dennis Ritchie

in the very early days of rexx (when it was still rex and only available internally) ... i decided to demonstrate that rex(x) was NOT just another pretty scripting language. the idea was I would re-implement in rex(x) the vm370 problem analysis program (for the most part a "dump" viewer) implemented in assembler ... objective was to have 10 times the function and perform 10 times faster (with some slight of hand) ... all done in under three months elapsed time working no more than half-time on the effort

part of the implementation was a growing library of signature failures ... examine the storage image for common failure signatures. ... misc. past posts mentioning dumprx
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

at one point, it was in use by nearly all internal datacenters as well as PSRs (internal people that would analyze dumps ... reported problems ... from customers). I had tried to get it released as part of standard product to customers (in lieu of the existing assembler implementation). For some reason that never happened ... so I manage to get approval of doing presentation at customer user group meetings explaining how I had done the implementation. within a couple months, other implementations started appearing.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Great Brian Arthur article on the Second Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Oct, 2011
Subject: Great Brian Arthur article on the Second Economy
Blog: Linkedin
Great Brian Arthur article on the Second Economy
http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/The_second_economy_2853

We were working with some univ. in the 90s ... they mentioned that they had "dumbed down" entering freshman classes 3 times since the 60s. report after the 1990 census claimed that half the 18yr olds were functionally illiterate. Some estimate that half the hi-tech workers in silicon valley for the internet bubble were foreign born. The only tech BA graduates with 4.0 we interviewed were foreign born. There was report that it would only take slight changes in the relative economies (between US and foreign countries) to reach a tipping point and see large numbers of foreign born return home.

A big contributing tipping point was Y2K remediation happening at same time as internet bubble; lots of Y2K remediation was forced to go overseas because internet bubble was absorbing most of the available resources. A lot of those jobs stayed overseas after Y2K remediation was finished ... and nobody was complaining until the internet bubble burst.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DefDog: Drones Kill US Forces - Once Again, BAD IDEA

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Oct, 2011
Subject: DefDog: Drones Kill US Forces - Once Again, BAD IDEA
Blog: Facebook
DefDog: Drones Kill US Forces - Once Again, BAD IDEA
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/10/defdog-drones-kill-us-forces-once-again-bad-idea/

and

U.S. deaths in drone strike due to miscommunication, report says
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/afghanistan/la-fg-pentagon-drone-20111014,0,6272924,full.story

Several recent discussions regarding whether drones operated remotely, half-a-world away or in-theater by people on the spot. Live pilots have also been guilty of friendly fire (aka problem not restricted to drones; disconnect between operators and people on the ground). Scenario is drones with flying function autonomous but under control by people on the ground.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UAV vis-a-vis F35

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Oct, 2011
Subject: UAV vis-a-vis F35
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/Q3hJ5G
and:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#63 UAV vis-a-vis F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#4 UAV vis-a-vis F35

Winslow Wheeler: USAF Cost Over-Runs-DoD Micro-Look
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/09/winslow-wheeler-usaf-cost-over-runs-dod-micro-look/

some air force cost/budget issues here ... including f35 & drones.

Last week I got around to mentioning Boyd, Spinney, & OODO-loops in some discussions and was a little surprised at the number of people who were acquainted with the subject. Somebody even asked if I was related to Winslow (which I'm not).

For a small Boyd'ism, note comparison with F-117 to F-16.

and:

Libya, France, & the Hard Truth on UAS
http://blog.usni.org/2011/09/24/libya-france-the-hard-truth-on-uas/

from above:
the notion that unmanned systems are going to replace the pilot is ludicrous in a dynamic targeting situation. If we are reluctant to give a guy with SA in the pilot's seat authority, why are we going to give some guy in Nevada or Paris looking through a soda straw the authority to do dynamic targeting.

... snip ...

also mentions some believe that F-35 will be last manned aircraft.

The "soda straw" statement has come up with current generation of surveillance drones ... and claims that the next generation (about to be deployed) will provide much broader perspective.

The army scenario is that the drone operator is "in-theater" ... not required to be flight-rated pilot ... and claims that they do better than the pilot operators half-way around the world. article from two years ago:
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/04/29/young_usaf_predator_pilot_officer_slam/

one of the private conversation was more & more of the pilot/flying functions are being automated (using example of current "fly-by-wire" as starting point) ... which are designed to support the mission specialist operator.

However, from the Boyd OODA-loop iteration standpoint ... the drone/UAV/UAS designs & implementations are iterating enormously faster than the F-35.

some possible secondary effects:

Two-Dimensional Learning: Viewing Computer Images Causes Long-Term Changes in Nerve Cell Connections
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110926111358.htm

recent item

MQ-9 Reaper: The First Operational UCAV?
http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/MQ-9-Reaper-The-First-Operational-UCAV-05021/

and from one of Steele's post on facebook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#19 DefDog: Drones Kill US Forces - Once Again, BAD IDEA

U.S. deaths in drone strike due to miscommunication, report says
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/afghanistan/la-fg-pentagon-drone-20111014,0,6272924,full.story

Several recent discussions regarding whether drones operated remotely, half-a-world away or in-theater by people on the spot. Live pilots have also been guilty of friendly fire (aka problem not restricted to drones; disconnect between operators and people on the ground). Scenario is drones with flying function autonomous but under control by people on the ground.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Goodbye, OODA-Loop

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Oct, 2011
Subject: Goodbye, OODA-Loop
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/7EWnUF
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#66 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#72 Goodbye, OODA-Loop

old email I received in 2000 about Black Berets are part of the making the Army more flexible (agile) ... of course the recent news is they are now turning in the Berets.

Also, the Army will switch to Black Berets for all servicemen (SF will keep their Green, and intel their Red.) Supposed to reflect the Army's new SOP, lighter, more flexible troops. Speaking of which, 3rd Tank battalion just turned in their M-1 Abrams for lighter British/Canadian Armored vehicles, until their "interim" vehicle is completed (~2006) which might be as low as 20 tons (M-1 is 70 tons). Allowing it to be transported on the C-130. Only problem is if they come up against well placed artillery or a nice T-80 or even a T-72. M-1 also requires a hell of a lot of support lines which need to be well reinforced... including the fact that most bridges in third world countries can't support multiple 70-ton tanks moving across them. during the 70's after the M-1 was introduced major bridge reinforcement took place in Western Europe to support the drive East of the German stationed divisions

... snip ...

In the case of the Abrams forced on the Marines ... somebody had pointed at that the majority of Marine mission profiles are in areas with 35T or less load limit.

In the past, I've periodically come up with attacks ... and people that always worked defending would claim they were unfair. To be good defender requires spending some amount of time thinking about how to attack.

There is also problem with never having to defend. We've participated in conferences about graduate cybersecurity programs. A big problem in programs have been graduates spending all their time looking for exploits ... which gets them points with peers. Coming up with ways of preventing exploits never carries the same level of peer recognition (which at least partially accounts for poor state of cybersecurity)

Some recent blogging regarding recent Winslow article (sort of update on year old article referenced up thread)

How would you rate US Military?
http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/blogs/defense/index.jsp?plckController=Blog&plckBlogPage=BlogViewPost&newspaperUserId=27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a-01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a-01329aef79a7Post%3ab9b443d3-5456-4859-9bae-99ecca18b0da&plckScript=blogScript&plckElementId=blogDest

Op-Ed: Two Myths from Leon Panetta
http://www.defense-aerospace.com/cgi-bin/client/modele.pl?shop=dae&modele=feature&prod=129655&cat=5

Two Myths from Leon Panetta
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?DocumentID=4688&from_page=../index.cfm

above references this tome (also from last year):
http://dnipogo.org/labyrinth/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Training Sailors to be Autodidactic

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Oct, 2011
Subject: Training Sailors to be Autodidactic
Blog: USNI
re:
http://blog.usni.org/2011/10/17/training-sailors-to-be-autodidactic/

There was talk at Boyd and Beyond about doing cdrom/dvd with videos of Boyd and most of his papers. I contacted USNI yesterday about whether they would be interested. They gave me name of somebody to talk to -- I'll stop by probably tomorrow. I have no idea what is involved, but hopefully they can tell me

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 Oct, 2011
Subject: Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
Blog: MainframeZone
re:
http://lnkd.in/rYr__C
and:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#11 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#13 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

some x-over from mainframe experts
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

in the 90s large financial institutions spent billions to get off mainframe. the issue was that their legacy code had grown up with batch ... and then at sometime in the past they added online front-end for financial transactions ... but final processing was in the batch legacy code which was moved to overnight batch. The 90s saw increase in load and globalization (reducing overnight batch window size) putting extreme pressure on the overnight window. They were looking at high parallel distributed with lots of "killer micros" to implement straight-through processing (run each transaction to completion) and eliminate the dependency on overnight batch to complete processing.

a major problem was that they were using parallization implementation that introduced 100 times overhead compared to cobol batch ... which totally swamped the anticipated increase in capacity from the "killer micros" (there was no speeds&feeds/scaleup work done prior to deployment). the failures left large scares in the financial dataprocessing industry ... apparently even up to current day. A few years ago, going into industry conferences demonstrating every one of issues from the 90s failures had been addressed ... still encountered extreme risk aversion to try something again.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 19 Oct, 2011
Subject: AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
Blog: Facebook
AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html

from above:
Unfortunately, in the mid-70's that changed. The connection between productivity and income growth was severed. Incomes stalled while the price of living in the US continued to rise (in particular, the costs of housing, health care and education went through the roof). If the wealth of improved productivity didn't go to American households, where did all the wealth go? Most of the profits from that added productivity went to Wall Street.

... snip ...

There is recent report out of germany that looked at institutionalized psycopaths and wallstreet traders and concluded that wallstreet traders are worse than the institutionalized psycopaths. Earlier there were studies classifying large percentage of wallstreet traders and investment bankers as sociopaths. a couple past posts mentioning sociopath
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles

Besides centralized planning and open market, another metaphor is that wallstreet is a very dark market (analogous to not an open market).

Having done work on what is now called "electronic commerce" and some open financial transaction standards ... in the late 90s, I was asked in to NSCC ... this was before it merged with DTC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_&_Clearing_Corporation

to do some work on improving integrity of trading transactions. After putting in some work on the effort ... I was told that it was suspended because a side-effect of the integrity work would have vastly improved the transparency and visibility ... which appears to be antithetical to wallstreet culture

In the congressional Madoff hearings, the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about Madoff, was asked if new regulations were required. His reply was that while new regulations might be required, much more important was (changing to) transparency and visibility.

reference to dark market activity is widespread and traders have no worry that SEC will do anything about it
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

the DTCC wiki article also references DTCC not releasing trading details that might show the underbelly of dark market activity

there was article that pointed out back in the 70s, traders had relatively avg. salary ... before the split shown in the graph. In the last decade mortgages were used to fabricate CDOs and it turned into a transaction business, with estimated $27T in toxic CDO transactions during the last decade with huge commissions and fees to the players (possibly on the order of $5T). NY state tax official had report that wallstreet bonuses spiked over 400% during the period (and there have lots of efforts to keep them from returning to pre-bubble level).
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

The $27T in toxic CDO transactions changed the mortgage market into analogous big portfolio churn with wallstreet taking large fees and commissions on the transactions; claim has been that it increased size of wallstreet (as percent of GDP) by factor of three times.

past posts mentioning $27T in toxic CDO transactions &/or 400% spike in bonuses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#16 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#3 Congress Set to Approve Pay Cap of $500,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#52 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#53 We Can't Subsidize the Banks Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#10 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#21 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#49 IBM to Build Europe, Asia 'Smart Infrastructure'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#21 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#9 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#24 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#4 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#5 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#10 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#11 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#26 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#74 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#15 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#69 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#76 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#34 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#42 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#46 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#48 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#53 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#56 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#29 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#33 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#40 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#70 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#27 WikiLeaks' Wall Street Bombshell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#48 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#34 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#74 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#16 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#39 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#2 First Website Launched 20 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#16 Feds Launch Probe Into S&P Mortgage Rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#60 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Oct 2011 10:29:59 -0400
"Charles Richmond" <netnews@aquaporin4.com> writes:
Now that dmr has departed this earth, what will become of his marvelous and informative web pages??? They are filled with computer history facts and discussions of things that interest the posters in this group especially.

I hope that Bell Labs (whatever it is called this week) will keep those pages on the web and available.


M'soft research has keep up Jim's pages (if nothing else that should be precedent)
http://web.archive.org/web/20081115000000*/http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gray/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Oct 2011 07:39:53 -0700
Efinnell15@AOL.COM (Ed Finnell) writes:
Thanks for getting us back on track. We used to drift to old hardware and microfiche. Now we drift to polymorphism...sign of the times

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#12 Chaos feared after UNIX time-zone database if nuked

for the fun of it, from (linkedin) Mainframe Experts thread "Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes":
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

some parts of thread archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#11 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#13 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#23 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 19 Oct, 2011
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#11 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#13 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

4341 were somewhat the leading edge for the distributed computing wave. ... old email regarding financial institution looking at getting 60 4341s:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email800311b
other old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

there were large commercial customers ordering multi-hundred at a time. Internally they were converting departmental conference rooms & departmental store rooms for 4341s .... resulting in corporate conference rooms becoming a scarce resource.

later in the year, jim was palming stuff off onto me as he was leaving for tandem:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016

at the celebration for Jim at Berkeley one of the items is his formalizing transaction semantics was major contributor to financial transactions (auditors could place higher trust in online records ... rather than mandating paper).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#32 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#27

related ... past posts mentioning original relational/SQL implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

the 4331/4341 sold in the same mid-range market as vax machines. this is post with a decade of vax sales sliced&diced by year, model, us/non-us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

the 4331/4341 had similar sales numbers in single or small number orders ... big difference between vax & 43xx was the large commercial multi-hundred unit sales. However, as can be seen by the mid-80s, the mid-range was starting to move to workstations & larger PCs. The 4331/4341 follow-ons ... 4361/4381s, were expecting to see similar large sales growth explosion which never happened (the mid-range market was moving on).

there was also unexpected side-effect with the high-end POK machines. After the failure of Future System effort (period when most 370 development was being killed off), there was mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipelines. They took the integrated microcode from 370/158 and made it the 303x channel director. A 3031 was a 370/158 engine with just the 370 microcode and w/o the integrated channel microcode and a 2nd 370/158 engine with the integrated channel microcode and w/o the 370 microcode. A 3032 was 370/168-3 repackaged to work with 303x channel director. A 3033 started out as 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips ... with a little optimization that got it up to 1.5times 168-3.

I got blamed for early benchmarks showing 4341 faster than 3031 (much less expensive, much smaller physical footprint, much smaller resource footprint). At one point, POK in some internal politics got allocation for some critical 4341 manufacturing components cut in half. Some large centralized datacenters starting to burst at the seams with load of 168-3 and 3033 ... would start to buy tens or hundreds of 4341s and put them out in departmental areas (start of wave of distributed computing). In the datacenter, cluster of 4341s were also cheaper, faster, and smaller footprint than 3033.

One of the issues in the 80s, was that except for small number of upgrades (existing 360/370 with existing dasd) none of these were MVS. Large numbers were vm/4341 (especially inside ibm). Part of the issue was there was 3380 that was CKD (for the datacenter) ... but the only mid-range dasd was 3370 which was FBA (not CKD) which MVS didn't support (MVS still doesn't have any FBA support, even though there haven't been CKD disks manufactured for decades, all current CKD is emulation on real FBA disks).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Massive SQL injection attack has compromised nearly 200,000 ASP.Net sites

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 20 Oct, 2011
Subject: Massive SQL injection attack has compromised nearly 200,000 ASP.Net sites
Blog: Facebook
Massive SQL injection attack has compromised nearly 200,000 ASP.Net sites
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2011/112211-eff-proposes-new-method-to-253382.html

from above:
Hackers are in the midst of a massively successful SQL injection attack targeting websites built on Microsoft's ASP.Net platform. About 180,000 pages have been affected so far, security researchers say.

... snip ...

Long ago and far away we were brought into a small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called electronic commerce. As we watched websites being deployed, one of the significant observations were that RDBMS based websites always had more exploits ... just because of the increased complexity introduced dealing with RDBMS (disclaimer: I worked on the original relational/SQL implementation back in the late 70s & early 80s). misc. past posts mentioning System/R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Oct 2011 09:51:59 -0400
"Joe Morris" <j.c.morris@verizon.net> writes:
I was going to post a comment along the lines of "Now if someone would just update his _TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 1_ ..." but it seems that there's exactly that in the pipeline, scheduled for release in late November.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#25 Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages

We were brought in to consult with small client/server startup because they wanted to do payment transactions on their server, the startup had also invented this technology called SSL they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called electronic commerce.

I was doing this work on what is called payment gateway ... the interface that sits on the internet and transfers transactions between webservers and the payment networks. It was implemented with no-single-point-of-failure and I was planning on advertising multiple routes. However, doing that period, the internet backbone transition to hierarchical routing (& eliminating advertising alternate routes) ... in large part because straight, arbitrary anarchy routing wasn't scalling. To handle multiple connections into critical portions of the internet that left DNS multiple A-record support (and clients cycling thru all the listed ip-addresses until it found one that worked ... but in the case of the payment gateway, the electronic commerce webservers were the clients).

So since I had complete authority over that part of the implementation I could mandate multiple A-record support ... as well as several other things including things about how SSL was used and deployed for talking to the payment gateway. misc. past posts mentioning payment gateway
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

Now one of the early adopters was a sporting goods website was doing national tv advertisement on sunday professional football and were expecting large amount of traffic during half-time. The problem was that while they had multiple, redundant links into the internet (aka telco "diverse routing") ... some of their ISPs were in the habit of taking local routers down on sunday for maintenance. So I was asking the browser group to also implement multiple A-record support. They said it was too complicated. I have presentations to rooms full of browser developers. They said it was too complicated. I gave them example client code from RENO 4.3 distribution. They said it was too complicated. I blamed it on their learning tcp/ip from Steven's book in school ... and he didn't have a multiple A-record example (and browsers are primarily a GUI thing ... not a networking thing)

It was another 12 months before the browser got multiple A-record support.

other webserver trivia drift (recent news):

Massive SQL injection attack has compromised nearly 200,000 ASP.Net sites
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2011/112211-eff-proposes-new-method-to-253382.html

from above:
Hackers are in the midst of a massively successful SQL injection attack targeting websites built on Microsoft's ASP.Net platform. About 180,000 pages have been affected so far, security researchers say.

... snip ...

now one of the significant observations as webservers were being deployed, was that RDBMS based webservers had much more exploits ... in large part because RDBMS based webservers were so much more complex and exploits have tended to be proportional to complexity. disclaimer I worked on original relational/sql implementation in the late 70s and early 80s ... some past posts mentioning system/r
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

random other trivia ... in the late 80s we had started work on ha/6000 ... and then I had coined the marketing term ha/cmp ... when we added cluster scaleup (trying to capture both commercial availability as well as scaleup for both commercial and scientific, numerical intensive). some past posts mentioning ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

this is past post mentioning jan92 meeting in ellison's conference room on commercial cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

two of the people at the meeting, later leave and join a small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server and they want to do payment transactions on their server.

within a month of the ellison meeting, the cluster scaleup part is transferred, announced as supercomputer (for numerical intensive only) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. this contributes to our decision to leave a few months later. some old email mentioning cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 20 Oct, 2011
Subject: Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
Blog: IBMers
Recent report out of Germany compared traders and investment bankers with institutionalized psychopaths and found the traders and investment bankers have worse personality profiles. Earlier studies have claimed large percentage of traders and investment bankers are sociopaths.

recent related news items
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21228354.500-revealed--the-capitalist-network-that-runs-the-world.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news ..
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html

The middle-class article has some excuse how wall street justified starting to divert all that wealth in the late 70s .... as "open markets" are more efficient that centralized gov. planning ... but that wallstreet actually bears little resemblance to an "open market" and is much closer to centralized gov. planning. The other metaphor is that wallstreet is a very dark market (in contrast to being an "open market").

Having done work on what is now called "electronic commerce" and some open financial transaction standards ... in the late 90s, I was asked in to NSCC ... this was before it merged with DTC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_&_Clearing_Corporation

to do some work on improving integrity of trading transactions. After putting in some work on the effort ... I was told that it was suspended because a side-effect of the integrity work would have vastly improved the transparency and visibility ... which appears to be antithetical to wallstreet culture

In the congressional Madoff hearings, the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about Madoff, was asked if new regulations were required. His reply was that while new regulations might be required, much more important was (changing to) transparency and visibility.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

big-little

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: big-little
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 20 Oct 2011 21:13:17 -0400
"Paul A. Clayton" <paaronclayton@gmail.com> writes:
As noted, using a simple core to handle interrupts could have significant advantages: a simple core could probably wake-up faster and with less energy use and would be more efficient for code with less predictable branches and relatively frequent reads and writes to I/O devices. Multithreading could enhance the efficiency for such tasks even more.

big mainframes found that taking asynchronous interrupts (and task switching) played havoc with cache hit ratios. also as disks were becoming more and more of bottleneck ... large complex operating systems had long pathlengths between asynchronous interrupts and latency before redriving device with next queued i/o ... was becoming significant factor in improving thruput.

811 architecture (for nov78) that showed up in the early 80s with 3081 ... provided for queued i/o redrive ... handled by dedicated hardware w/o requiring operating system (removing device redrive latency). in the late 70s, i did software rewrite of interrupt handler and device handling to come very close to redrive latency of dedicated hardware ... but that didn't alleviate the cache hit problem related to asynchronous interrupts.

earlier in the mid-70s ... related to cache hit ratio and multiprocessor support ... i created mechanism that under high interrupts rate would switch to blocking asynchronous interrupts and peridically polling. the delays somewhat reduced i/o thruput ... but slightly delaying interrupts and then batch polling of all delayed/pending interrupts actually improved overall thruput ... because of the cache hit ratio of "batch" processing of the pending interrupts.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 22 Oct, 2011
Subject: What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/P3hXPQ

from On China (Henry Kissinger) loc. 463-71
(Carlisle, PA: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 2004). If chess is about the decisive battle, wei qi is about the protracted campaign. The chess player aims for total victory. The wei qi player seeks relative advantage. In chess, the player always has the capability of the adversary in front of him; all the pieces are always fully deployed. The wei qi player needs to assess not only the pieces on the board but the reinforcements the adversary is in a position to deploy. Chess teaches the Clausewitzian concepts of "center of gravity" and the "decisive point" -- the game usually beginning as a struggle for the center of the board. Wei qi teaches the art of strategic encirclement. Where the skillful chess player aims to eliminate his opponent's pieces in a series of head-on clashes, a talented wei qi player moves into "empty" spaces on the board, gradually mitigating the strategic potential of his opponent's pieces. Chess produces single-mindedness; wei qi generates strategic flexibility.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Newsgroups: uk.media.radio.bbc-r4, alt.folklore.computers, cam.misc
Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2011 16:11:24 -0400
Roland Perry <roland@perry.co.uk> writes:
Most large computer installations (of which the Internet is just a distributed example) were built for/by physicists.

Engineers would have got around to it eventually, but the physicists had the money (NASA, CERN, Lords Bridge etc).


original arpanet was mostly univ ... various different kinds of mainframe datacenters ... arpanet interconnected by IMP network processors with one or more mainframe hosts hung off each IMP (except for the dedicated terminal IMPs). At the time of the great cutover from arpanet to internetworking protcol (1Jan83), there were on the order of 100 IMPs and possibly 250 hosts. misc. past posts mentioning arpanet/internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

the internal corporate network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late 85 or early 86 ... the internal network quickly approaching 1000 nodes at the time of the arpanet switchover (1Jan83). misc. past posts mentioning internal corporate network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
misc. old email referencing vnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet

tcp/ip is the technical/protocol basis for the modern internet, NSFNET backbone was the operational basis for the modern internet and CIX was the business basis for the modern internet. Misc. past email related to NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

internal politics prevented us from bidding on the NSFNET backbone RFP. the director of NSF wrote the corporation a letter trying to help ... (misc. statements that what we already had running was at least five years ahead of all NSFNET backbone RFP responses) ... but that just made the internal politics worse. misc. past posts mentioning NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

some of the internal network technology was also used for BITNET & EARN (in europe) ... misc. past posts mentioning BITNET/EARN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
BITNET wiki:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
old email from person setting up EARN in europe:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

recent posts mentioning internal network technology and primary person responsible (was at the science center):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#60 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups

part of internal politics going on in the time of the NSFNET backbone RFP ... was that the communication group was spreading an enormous amount of mis-information as part of justifying the internal network conversion to SNA (as well as claims that the NSFNET backbone could be implemented on SNA) ... some recent posts with old email references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#17 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#44 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#60 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#13 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

past posts mentioning GML (originally chosen because first letter of last names of the inventors) was invented at the science center in 1969 (a decade later GML morphs into ISO standard SGML):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

posts posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

reference to SGML morphing into HTML (at CERN) two decades after GML was invented at science center:
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

first webserver in US was at SLAC (sister institution to CERN) on SLAC's VM/CMS system (virtual machines original done at science center in the mid-60s, first cp40/cms that morphs into cp67/cms and later morphs into vm370/cms):
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

I the late 80s, we had started ha/6000 and then added cluster scaleup to the effort ... I coined "ha/cmp" as marketing term trying to capture sense of both commercial high availability as well as both commercial and numerical intensive cluster scaleup. some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past post with reference to jan92 meeting in ellison's conference room on cluster scaleup for (commercial) RDBMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

old email mentioning cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

including this email about meeting with LLNL about use for numerical intensive:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

within hours of the above email, the cluster scaleup part was transferred and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. Then within a couple weeks, it was announced as supercomputer product for scientific/numerical intensive *ONLY* past press item
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1 920217
and then item about how it caught them by *surprise*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2 920511

for some topic drift ... reference to LLNL late 70s about wanting seventy 4341s:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790220
in this post with several other old 4341 emails
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21

joke reference about Release No Software Before Its Time (some cluster scaleup eventually for commercial):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#47 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#59 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

for a little x-over between cluster scaleup and electronic commerce ... being told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors is part of motivation to leave a few months later. Also, two of the other people (in the Ellison meeting) leave and show up at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server; the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use; the result is now frequently called electronic commerce.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Newsgroups: uk.media.radio.bbc-r4, alt.folklore.computers, cam.misc
Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2011 16:45:40 -0400
Patrick Scheible <kkt@zipcon.net> writes:
Code breakers and makers. Weapons designers (some of whom started out as physicists). Meteorologists.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

as part of HA/CMP ... we were also working with various labs on putting out distributed filesystems. congress had passed some legislation relaxing some anti-trust provisions and encouraging national labs to commercialize any technology they had.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

LANL had done filesystem managed by ibm mainframe for network of supercomputers interconnected via hyperchannel. They had deal with General Atomics and San Diego Supercomputer Center productizing it as "DataTree". LANL reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Alamos_National_Laboratory

NASA/AMES had ibm (clone) mainframe based system interconnected with hyperchannel ... old email mentioning nasa/ames
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email911004
NASA/AMES wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ames_Research_Center

LLNL had a cray-based filesystem (LINCS) and we were working with them ... and funding quite a bit of turning it out as Unitree (unix based) ... including port of rs/6000. unitree reference here:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NLTSS
LLNL ref
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Livermore_National_Laboratory

NCAR (boulder) had ibm mainframe based system ... similar, but different to LANL system. They had created at startup called "Mesa Archival" to productize it. The IBM disk division was funding some amount of "Mesa Archival" ... with port to unix and rs/6000 ... and we were acting as their technical interface. NCAR ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Center_for_Atmospheric_Research
"Mesa Archival" had their offices in business strip mall at the bottom of the hill from NCAR lab.

I had started doing hyperchannel stuff with ibm mainframe in 1980 and boulder branch office had contacted me in the mid-80s about talking to NCAR about some of the details of supporting hyperchannel from ibm mainframe. NSC/hyperchannel wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_Systems_Corporation
some past mentioning of doing stuff with hyperchannel (& other things) ... I called HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

misc. past posts mentioning datatree, unitree, mesa archival:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#21 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#22 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#66 commodity storage servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#46 What goes into a 3090?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#61 GE 625/635 Reference + Smart Hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#31 general networking is: DEC eNet: was Vnet : Unbelievable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#31 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#6 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#53 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#75 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#29 FW: Is FICON good enough, or is it the only choice we get?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#12 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#15 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#16 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#19 Device and channel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#29 CRAM, DataCell, and 3850
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#19 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#20 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#27 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#10 What's a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#20 cluster-in-a-rack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#3 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#30 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#31 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#32 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#35 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#16 V2X2 vs. Shark (SnapShot v. FlashCopy)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#47 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#20 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#51 Barbless
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#58 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#38 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#42 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#69 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#71 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#85 3270 Emulator Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#58 Other early NSFNET backbone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Newsgroups: uk.media.radio.bbc-r4, alt.folklore.computers, cam.misc
Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2011 17:47:41 -0400
Al Grant <algrant@myrealbox.com> writes:
You said "most large computer installations". That's not the same as "the largest computer installations".

There's an alternative lineage of "large computer installations" which goes from SAGE, through SABRE, to Google, Amazon etc. where size is measured by message handling and transactions and the ability to support vast networks of remote computers. I'll leave you to work out whether this is more relevant to the Internet than the ability to run LINPACK very fast.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

precursor to LINPACK was LLNL "RAIN" which I did on 4341 when LLNL was looking at possibly getting 70 4341. old 4341 email ... including some references to doing RAIN benchmarks on 4341
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

I've claimed that possibly that largest single-system-image cluster in the late 70s was the internal US HONE datacenter ... multiple multiprocessor mainframes all running vm370/cms providing online sales&marketing support for US ... misc. past posts mentioning HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
commercial online vm370/cms service bureaus were the early "cloud computing" ... past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

SABRE (and other airline reservation systems) ran with IBM mainframe ACP (airline control program) ... later renamed TPF (transaction processing facility) operating system:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

IBM mainframe supported "loosely-coupled" (cluster) with shared disk ... disk controllers supporting up to eight processor complexes. Up until sometime mid-80s, ACP/TPF had loose-coupled support but not tightly-coupled (mulitprocessors) support ... so was limited to eight single processor mainframes. HONE VM370/CMS single-system image had both tightly-coupled and loosely-coupled support ... so in that period, could have at least twice as many processors in a single complex.

In the first half of the 80s, IBM came out with 308x which was (originally) going to come in 2-way and 4-way processor versions ... but no single processor option. I've posted lots about how this caused lots of problems for the ACP/TPF market (since it didn't have multiprocessor support in that time-frame). As mentioned in the TPF wiki article, it since acquired "tightly-coupled" multiprocessor support. Also, current hardware configurations support up to 32 processor complexes.

recent references to mega datacenters ... some of which may have (individually) more aggregate computing power than all the currently installed IBM mainframes:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#46 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#16 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#17 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#9 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#75 Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#23 Cloud computing - is it a financial con trick?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
Newsgroups: uk.media.radio.bbc-r4, alt.folklore.computers, cam.misc
Date: Mon, 24 Oct 2011 09:25:25 -0400
"Charles Richmond" <netnews@aquaporin4.com> writes:
At the university I attended, *by* *far* the largest user of computer time was the chemistry department. What the heck they were working on, I have *no* idea.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#34 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie

two big uses of 370/195 at SJR were the chemistry department and simulating air bearing for design of (new) thin-film floating disk heads.

few past posts mentioning chemistry/molecular modeling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#51 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing

when pre-release, engineering 3033 was delivered to the disk product test lab. ... disk testing didn't use much more than precent or two of processor. we were then able to co-op the rest of the processor for all sorts of stuff. 3033 was only about half the MIP rate of peak 370/195, but the turn-around on the 370/195 could be as long as 1-3 months ... old email about somebody in sjr doing molecular simulation getting setup to make runs on product test lab 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#email800208

kingston engineering and science center with lots of FPS boxes was also doing predominatly chemistry/molecular modeling. a few past posts mentioning FPS boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#5 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#56 Why SMP at all anymore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#32 Imitation...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#25 ESCON Data Transfer Rate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#31 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#12 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#29 360/370 disk drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#68 IBM zSeries in HPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#20 360 Microde Floating Point Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#4 The Power of the NORC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#1 harris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#54 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#72 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#61 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090

misc. past posts mentiong sjr/195 and air bearing simulation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#39 195 was: Computer Typesetting Was: Movies with source code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#17 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#30 Weird
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#63 Help me find pics of a UNIVAC please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#74 They Got Mail: Not-So-Fond Farewells
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#51 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#52 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#69 Multics Concepts For the Contemporary Computing World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#21 40th anniversary of IBM System/360 on 7 Apr 2004
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#15 harddisk in space
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#4 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#5 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#44 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#29 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#0 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#13 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#14 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#6 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#41 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#27 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#43 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#83 Disc Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#13 Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#64 Disc Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#52 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#77 Disk drive improvements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#60 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#32 What if the computers went back to the '70s too?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#9 Assembler Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#51 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#16 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOS or Windows, doesn't matter)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#87 Gee... I wonder if I qualify for "old geek"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Revealed -- the capitalist network that runs the world

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 24 Oct, 2011
Subject: Revealed -- the capitalist network that runs the world
Blog: Linkedin
Revealed -- the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21228354.500-revealed--the-capitalist-network-that-runs-the-world.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news

here is companion article for above:
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html

recent long winded post on referenced article and more about wallstreet not an "open market" (in last decade)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24

... and also another long winded post leading up to work on what is now called "electronic commerce" (at very end)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33

other recent post mentioning the capitalist network article:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 24 Oct, 2011
Subject: The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
Blog: Facebook
The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/10/chuck-spinney-the-mark-to-market-fantasy-fraud/
and
Banks on the Brink
http://www.counterpunch.org/2011/10/21/banks-on-the-brink/

End of 2008, just four largest too-big-to-fail were carrying $5.2T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs off-balance. Fall of 2008, several tens of billions had been sold at 22cents on the dollar. If they had been forced to bring them back on the books, the institutions would have been declared insolvent and liquidated. Jan2009, treasury discovers that appropriated TARP funds (for buying toxic assets) wouldn't make dent in problem and come up with other ways of using TARP. Toxic assets were allowed to be left off-book with Federal Reserve quietly buying up trillions at 98cents on the dollar.

old $5.2T reference:
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
>http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

other recent posts mentioning $5.2T problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#94 The Curly Factor -- Prologue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 24 Oct, 2011
Subject: Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
Blog: Google+
Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/34b-development-contract-signed-for-meads-0639/

from above:
In February 2011, however, events began to signal the likely end of the program. This DID FOCUS Article covers that program, and has been converted into a free-to-view article ...

... snip ...

Google+ item I posted in August ... archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41

about patriot possibly was another Success Of Failure effort and possible move to Iron Dome. Iron Dome from today
http://defense-update.com/20111024_iron-dome-performance-analysis.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

John McCarthy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: John McCarthy
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Oct 2011 17:11:16 -0400
recent item on Google+ that John McCarthy has died at 84
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McCarthy_%28computer_scientist%29

I had worked with his wife Vera Watson
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-Vera.html

on System/R at San Jose Research ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

prior to that I was at science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

and she was at YKT and part of a group that was doing a 4-way multiprocessor design. Science center had done the "H" & "I" updates to cp67. The "H" updates modified cp67 to provide 370 virtual machines (some new instructions and hardware virtual memory tables were different) while still running on real 360/67. The "I" updates modified cp67 to run on 370 hardware (at the time, in 370 virtual machine since first engineering 370 processor with virtual memory was at least a year away)

Vera was part of group up from YKT making (cp67) "G" updates ... support 4-way multiprocessor 370 virtual machine ... with a fifth virtual processor that had debugging and monitoring software for the other four processors. This effort got shutdown when the whole group was moved to try and help prevent the looming Future System disaster ... some past Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The men who crashed the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 24 Oct, 2011
Subject: The men who crashed the world
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
The men who crashed the world
http://english.aljazeera.net/programmes/meltdown/2011/09/2011914105518615434.html

article related to 147 companies that control everything
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html

the 25 from time's list (early 2009) of those responsible
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

... and more related to above:

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor
http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

from above:
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees,

... snip ...

Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

from above:
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

... snip ...

Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601109&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

from above:
That same year Greenspan, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt opposed an attempt by Brooksley Born, head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, to study regulating over-the-counter derivatives. In 2000, Congress passed a law keeping them unregulated.

... snip ...

Born must have been fairly quickly replaced by Gramm's wife, before she then left to join Enron (and the Enron audit committee) Gramm's wife apparently was put in as Born's replacement as a temporary stop-gap until Gramm got law passed that exempted regulation. and recent quote seen on the web: Enron was a dry run and it worked so well it has become institutionalized

$27T in triple-A toxic CDO transactions ... wallstreet turning the mortgage market into transactions business ... sort of like "stock portfolio churn" ... they had little or none of the business previously ... packaged as CDOs, they became wallstreet transactions and take cut on every transaction.
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

Part of being able to do the transactions is getting somebody to buy them at the end of the process. Some of it was their own banking houses (with repeal of Glass-Steagall, investment bankers could have depository institutions holding the toxic CDOs, the money they were making off the transactions more than offset downside that holding the toxic CDOs could take down the institution). The fees & commissions on the $27T during the last decade, triple the size of wallstreet (as percent of GDP).

Just BofA, Citi, Chase, & Wells hold $5.2T in toxic CDOs at the end of 2008
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
>http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

these were being held off-book/off-balance ... accounting gimick allowed by Federal regulators. In the fall of 2008, Citi sold several tens of billions at 22cents on the dollar. If the four too-big-to-fail were forced to correctly account for the toxic assets, they would be declared insolvent and have to be liquidated. In Jan2009, treasury discovers that the appropriated TARP funds to buy toxic assets, was too little by a factor of ten times. They have to come up with other gimicks to use the TARP funds and also hide the magnitude of the problem.

Part of the toxic CDO scam was to pay the rating agencies to give triple-A ratings ... all slight of hand, especially when none of the pieces were triple-A ... how does it average out to triple-A?
https://web.archive.org/web/20071111031315/http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

latest round in off-book

The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/10/chuck-spinney-the-mark-to-market-fantasy-fraud/
and
Banks on the Brink
http://www.counterpunch.org/2011/10/21/banks-on-the-brink/

With respect to the "Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud", "Banks on the Brink" and the enormous lobbying funds spent in 2009; early 2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (had been scanned the previous fall at the Boston public library), extensive x-linked xref indexing as well as extensive x-referencing between what happened then and what happened this time ... in anticipation that the new congress would have some appetite to do something. After working on it for a couple months, got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all.

There was some expectation that new congress in 2009 and democratic members might investigate and hold accountable those responsible for the bubble ... which is separate for the seeds for the bubble and bubble itself were congress in 90s through the middle part of the last decade.

misc. past posts mentioning the times.com 25 responsible
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#38 People to Blame for the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#49 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#55 Who will give Citigroup the KNOCKOUT blow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#10 Who will Survive AIG or Derivative Counterparty Risk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#13 Should we fear and hate derivatives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#53 What every taxpayer should know about what caused the current Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#76 Undoing 2000 Commodity Futures Modernization Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#54 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#74 Administration calls for financial system overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#77 Financial Regulatory Reform - elimination of loophole allowing special purpose institutions outside Bank Holding Company (BHC) oversigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#21 The Big Takeover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#30 An Amazing Document On Madoff Said To Have Been Sent To SEC In 2005
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#5 Internal fraud isn't new, but it's news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#56 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#51 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#92 Who's to Blame for the Meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#9 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#40 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#30 Regulators seek to plug derivatives data gaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#53 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#54 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#2 computer bootlaces

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Godfather of Kathmandu

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 24 Oct, 2011
Subject: The Godfather of Kathmandu
Blog: Facebook
The Godfather of Kathmandu
http://www.amazon.com/The-Godfather-of-Kathmandu-ebook/dp/B002XHNOLU

pg. 206/loc 3709:
I'm not sure there are any people in Liechtenstein, maybe there's just a large population of registered offices with a single robot to post letters and send them.

... snip ...

I was at a European financial conference in 2004 with corporate CEOs and exchange presidents at the castle in Liechtenstein. Stayed at inn at the bottom of the hill, parts dated to 1300s. Innkeeper liked to make jokes about getting lots of people that had business cards from US Treasury dept of money laundering (aka in charge of money laundering instead of anti-money laundering). All seemed to be part of getting Lichtenstein off the govs. money laundering blacklist.

Swiss Banks Said Ready to Reveal Clients
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-10-24/swiss-banks-said-ready-to-pay-billions-disclose-customer-names.html

there was some comments about swiss banks doing money laundering transactions across the border in Liechtenstein and two&half yrs ago, what happened to the 53,000 names? (from 2001-2008)
http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2009/04/03/first-american-client-charged-in-ubs-tax-shelter-probe/

two years later cutting enforcement funding?
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/04/28/irs-budget-cuts-deficit_n_850243.html

past reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#4 Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VNET 1983 1000 NODES

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 24 Oct, 2011
Subject: VNET 1983 1000 NODES
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.1062159309847.10435.1101890183&type=1&l=34d32ce258
and
http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1062374915237&set=a.1062159309847.10435.1101890183&type=3&l=34d32ce258

The internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late 85 or early 86.

part of presentation I had at OCT86 SNA Architecture Review Board:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#67

One of the babybells had done NCP emulation on Series/1 ... I was planning on making it product and moving it to what was going to be RS/6000. Part of presentation made at Common spring '86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#70

The internal politics that followed by the communication group can only be described as truth is stranger than fiction. Recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#13

describing communication group mis-information in 86 & 87 as part of migrating internal network to SNA ... and even claims that NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet) could run on SNA. Another recent post about mis-information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#33

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

John McCarthy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: John McCarthy
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Oct 2011 20:33:25 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#40 John McCarthy

Creator Of Lisp, John McCarthy, Dead At 84
http://techcrunch.com/2011/10/24/creator-of-lisp-john-mccarthy-dead-at-84/

from above:
The creator of Lisp and arguably the father of modern artificial intelligence, John McCarthy, died last night. He studied mathematics with the famous John Nash at Princeton and, notably, held the first "computer-chess" match between scientists in the US and the USSR. He transmitted the moves by telegraph.

... snip ...

John McCarthy - Father of AI and Lisp - Dies at 84
http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/2011/10/john-mccarthy-father-of-ai-and-lisp-dies-at-84/

Stanford web pages:
http://www-formal.stanford.edu/jmc/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Oct 2011 19:03:12 -0700
glen herrmannsfeldt <gah@ugcs.caltech.edu> writes:
Note, for example, the IBM 2741 does not use EBCDIC, but its own code, with its own control characters.

but all the 2741 characters were defined in EBCDIC. when cp67 was installed at the univ in jan68 ... it had 2741 and 1052 terminal ... but the univ. had some number of tty/ascii terminals. I had to add tty/ascii support ... and there were some number of chars in tty that weren't ebcdic and vis-a-versa ... which resulted in translation issues. cp67 also had automatic termainl identification for 1052/2741 ... so i added tty support in a way to preserve automatic terminal identification for all three terminals types. I then wanted to have single dialup number with common "hung group" (pool) for all three terminal types. problem was that ibm terminal controller allowed for changing line-scanner for each port ... but hardwired line-speed.

this somewhat motivated univ to start clone controller effort, reverse engineer channel interface and build controller interface card for interdata/3 (mini-computer) ... programmed to simulate mainframe terminal controller ... supporting both dynamic terminal type and dynamic line-speed. later four of us got written for (some part of) clone controller business (interdata picked up support and marketed it, continued after interdata was purchased by perkin-elmer). misc. past post mentioning clone controller business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

clone controller business was then major motivation for future system activity ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

tale about 360 was originally going to be ascii ... but learson made one of the biggest mistakes of 360:
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

i had 2741 at home from mar70 until 1977 ... when it was replaced with 300baud cdi miniterm ... pictures of old 2741 apl typeball
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aplball.jpg

2741 apl typeball


http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aplball2.jpg

2741 apl typeball2

2741 wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2741

from above ... 2741 code controlled tilt/rotate of the typeball (selecting the characters on surface of the typeball)

so dynamic terminal type for 2741 ... differentiated 2741 from 1052 (and i added tty/ascii) ... selecting the corresponding controller line-scanner. then the software used default 2741 translate table on initial login ... and assuming first letter "l" ... however, if the first letter was "y" ... then reversed translated and retranslated with alternate translate table ... and again checked for "l" (actually checked for both uppercase and lowercase letters).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP Marketing Tour

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 25 Oct, 2011
Subject: HA/CMP Marketing Tour
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2414668521732&set=a.1062159309847.10435.1101890183&type=1&theater

Early 90s, did HA/CMP marketing tour of Europe ... different country each day, frequently four presentations/day along with business lunch and dinner ... ending with Oracle World in Cannes. past posts mentioning HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Tour started out IBM London ed center, I did four sessions a day concurrently with my wife doing four sessions. London included presentation at Natwest hdqtrs. Then off to Shell hdqtrs in Netherlands. Next to last was Athens before Oracle World in Cannes. Later in the year we did Far East marketing tour. In Hong Kong, riding up in elevator in HSBC bldg, somebody in the back of the elevator asked if I was "wheeler" of the "wheeler scheduler" ... he claimed to have studied "wheeler scheduler" at Univ. of Waterloo.

misc. past posts mentioning "wheeler scheduler"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PCI and the Insider Threat

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 25 Oct, 2011
Subject: PCI and the Insider Threat
Blog: Information Security Network
PCI and the Insidere Threat
https://www.infosecisland.com/blogview/17179-PCI-and-the-Insider-Threat.html

Long ago and far away we were asked in to consult with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is frequently called "electronic commerce".

Somewhat as a result, in the mid-90s, we were asked to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. After detailed threat & vulnerability studies of multiple retail payment environments, we came up with the x9.59 financial transaction standard. One of the things done in x9.59 was slightly tweak the current paradigm so details harvested by crooks from skimming, evesdropping, and/or data breaches couldn't be used to perform fraudulent financial transactions. we've used a couple of metaphors to describe the current paradigm:

security proportional to risk metaphor; the value of transaction information to merchants is profit on the transaction ... possibly a couple of dollars (and for transaction processors possibly a few cents). the value of the transaction information to crooks is the account credit limit &/or balance (several hundred to several thousand dollars). as a result, crooks can frequently outspend by a factor of 100 times what the defenders can afford to spend

dual-use metaphor; payment transaction information is required in dozens of business processes at millions of location around the planet. even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still couldn't prevent leakage of transaction information.

The major use of SSL in the world today is this earlier thing we did for "electronic commerce" to hide payment transaction information. Since x9.59 eliminates the need to hide transaction information ... it also eliminates the major use of SSL in the world today. x9.59 related information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

past posts mentioning threat&vulnerability harvested information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#harvest

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The men who crashed the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 25 Oct, 2011
Subject: The men who crashed the world
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world

about the time I was asked about doing HTML'ing Pecora hearing scan

Where Is Our Ferdinand Pecora? (5jan2009)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/06/opinion/06chernow.html?_r=1

then

Pecora Part II? 24Apr2009
http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/04242009/profile2.html

year later

Our Pecora Moment 17Apr2010
http://baselinescenario.com/2010/04/17/pecora-moment/

Awaiting Our Pecora Moment (I) 18Apr2010
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2010/04/awaiting-our-pecora-moment-i.html
Awaiting Our Pecora Moment (II) 19Apr2010
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2010/04/awaiting-our-pecora-moment-ii.html

but there hasn't been anybody held accountable.

old Wharton article from 2apr2008
http://web.archive.org/web/20080606084328/http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1933

estimates possibly 1000 accountable for 80 percent of the bubble and it would go a long way if the gov. could figure out how to remove them.

recent posts mentioning Pecora:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#49 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#84 The Imaginot Line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#53 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#19 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#27 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#6 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#55 CISO's Guide to Breach Notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#42 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#2 House panel approves data breach notification bill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#20 Study shows powerful corporations really do control the world's finances
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#2 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#14 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#68 Bernanke Hearings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The men who crashed the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 26 Oct, 2011
Subject: The men who crashed the world
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world

another from time's list
http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877323,00.html

Having done work on what is now called "electronic commerce" and some open financial transaction standards ... in the late 90s, I was asked in to NSCC ... this was before it merged with DTC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_&_Clearing_Corporation

to do some work on improving integrity of trading transactions. After putting in some work on the effort ... I was told that it was suspended because a side-effect of the integrity work would have vastly improved the transparency and visibility ... which appears to be antithetical to wallstreet culture

In the congressional Madoff hearings, the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get the SEC to do something about Madoff, was asked if new regulations were required. His reply was that while new regulations might be required, much more important was (changing to) transparency and visibility

reference to dark market activity is widespread and traders have no worry that SEC will do anything about it
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

the DTCC wiki article also references DTCC not releasing trading details that might show the underbelly of dark market activity

in the wake of enron and worldcom, congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley ... but required SEC to do something (implied by Madoff testimony, SEC wasn't doing anything). SOX also had SEC looking into the rating agencies ... but they didn't do anything except for a report.

possibly because GAO also didn't think that SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings which showed uptic even after SOX (recent joke seen on the internet Enron was a dry run and it worked so well it has become institutionalized). Choose: 1) SOX had no effect on fraudulent financial filings, 2) SOX encouraged the increase in fraudulent financial filings, or 3) If it weren't for SOX, all public company financial filings would be fraudulent.
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/gao-06-1079sp//

in the congressional rating agency hearings in 2008, there was testimony that the rating agencies business model became misaligned in the early 70s and opened things up for conflict of interest; also that the rating agencies that were being paid to give toxic CDOs triple-A ratings, knew that the toxic CDOs weren't worth triple-A. The misaligned business model (and incentive for rating agencies to do the wrong thing), made regulation enormously more difficult.

from earlier this year

Corrupt Bank Oversight Is Creating New Immoral Hazard
http://blogs.forbes.com/neilweinberg/2011/04/14/corrupt-bank-oversight-is-creating-new-immoral-hazard/
In Financial Crisis, No Prosecutions of Top Figures
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/14/business/14prosecute.html?_r=2&hp

Last April in this group, there was discussion about "Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#55 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#64 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?

There was issue that since the gov. was leaning over backwards to do everything possible to keep the too-big-to-fail in business they weren't going to let a little thing like money laundering interfere:

How a big US bank laundered billions from Mexico's murderous drug gangs
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/apr/03/us-bank-mexico-drug-gangs

and some of the articles from summer of 2010:

Too Big to Jail - How Big Banks Are Turning Mexico Into Colombia
http://www.taipanpublishinggroup.com/tpg/taipan-daily/taipan-daily-080410.html
Banks Financing Mexico Gangs Admitted in Wells Fargo Deal
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-06-29/banks-financing-mexico-s-drug-cartels-admitted-in-wells-fargo-s-u-s-deal.html
Wall Street Is Laundering Drug Money And Getting Away With It
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/zach-carter/megabanks-are-laundering_b_645885.html?show_comment_id=53702542

some recent posts mentioning GAO reports:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear

another in time list:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

During the S&L crisis, fraudulent mortgages were being packaged as toxic CDOs ... but w/o triple-A rating, they got little uptake.

Decade later, we were asked to look at improving the integrity/trust in mortgage documentation that were part of CDOs.

With being able to pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings on everything, the (mostly unregulated) loan originators no longer had to care about loan quality or borrower's qualifications; just writing the loans, how big, how many, how fast ... immediately unloading as triple-A rated toxic CDOs, and taking their fees and commissions. This led to no-documentation, no-down, 1% interest-only ARMs ... and w/o documents there was no longer issue of document trust/integrity.

no-doc/no-down 1% interest-only were big boom to speculators, they could make 2000% ROI in parts of the country with 20-30% real-estate inflation (with the speculation further fueling inflation, aka "bubble"); aka planning on flipping before rate adjusted. Also, testimony was that a lot of the no-doc/no-down mortgages were being used by drug cartels to launder money.

yesterday on tv business news show, there was discussion that SEC has recently levied hundreds of millions of dollars (or in some cases billions) in fines against some of the institutions (largest in the history of the SEC) ... but with trillions of dollars involved, the fines were well under one percent and apparently just viewed as part of the cost of doing business. Also, major motivation in large percentage of the transactions was individual/personal compensation; while the fines have mostly been institutional and barely touched the individuals (1000 estimated from the Wharton article).

The gov. has mostly concentrated on bailing out the too-big-to-fail (and holding very few accountable)
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/07/21/audit-fed-gave-16-trillion-in-emergency-loans//

with little relief for mainstreet.

There was testimony that gov. thought that providing all the assistance to too-big-to-fail, that they would turn around and put the money into mainstreet, driving economic recovery; however they found that the too-big-to-fail were just taking the money and investing in US treasuries (with very little going to mainstreet or to help the economy)

Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/geithner-bernanke-have-little-in-arsenal-to-fight-new-crisis/2011/08/12/gIQAFuFvFJ_story.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

John McCarthy 1927-2011

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: John McCarthy 1927-2011
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Oct 2011 08:18:48 -0700
johnwgilmore0918@GMAIL.COM (John Gilmore) writes:
sit tibi terra levis, John.

LISP and the world view it embodies will, I suppose, be his monument; but he changed everything he touched.

The very full obituary in today's New York Times ends by citing one of his favorite apothegms:

Do the arithmetic or be doomed to talk nonsense.


some mainframe connection ... I worked with his wife on System/R, she is discussed here:
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/SQL_Reunion_95/sqlr95-Vera.html

longer winded thread/post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#40 John McCarthy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#44 John McCarthy

other posts mentioning original relational/sql implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 26 Oct, 2011
Subject: What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/P3hXPQ
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#32 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

Operating fighter plane would have intensified feeling of battle as continuous movement ... little chance for tactics occupying/holding/defending some static position.

I found Boyd a very thoughtful strategist first who liked to talk about subject from multiple facets concurrently (I periodically wondered if he was just playing game, forcing you to constantly guess which thread he latest statement was about) ... OODA-loop was a metaphor for a way of organizing how to think about things ... I would then say a warrior.

Heat of land battle can be intense ... and doesn't preclude continuous movement ... but includes choices to be static; operating fighter plane pretty much precludes choice for anything other than continuous movement.

I recently finished Grand Strategies: Literature, Statecraft, and World Order by Hill, I found tedious some of the analysis about metaphors in literature to depict world events ... but there is this about Sun Tzu vis-a-vis Go

pg.237/ Loc. 4688-91
In the early 1930s Chiang's Nationalist army launched one "encirclement" campaign after another to try to destroy Mao's bases; each failed as the Communists simply evaded the assault's spearhead and then returned to their base once the Nationalists withdrew. Mao was perfecting a guerrilla strategy drawn from the ancient Chinese Art of War by Sun Tzu: "The enemy attacks, we retreat; the enemy halts, we harass; the enemy retreats, we pursue."

pg.237/Loc. 4692-95
But the Fifth Encirclement Campaign, of 1934, succeeded. Chiang Kai-shek had changed his strategy. He drew on another ancient Chinese strategic source: the game of wei chi, also called "Go". The Nationalists pushed fortified lines of communication into Chingkangshan, held them, and secured the territory inside the gridline. Mao had no answer for this (nor did the Vietcong when U.S. General Creighton Abrams used a similar strategy in Vietnam between 1969 and 1973).

....

Warrior tends to be more associated with the "chess", defeat the enemy; politics tend to lean more towards "wei chi".

One of Boyd's stories about the 18pg Chuck Spinney article on MICC that appeared in the early 80s. Boyd said that he spent 18months making sure that every item that appeared in the article was covered by written authorization. The article also didn't appear until a couple days after Spinney testified on every item in congressional hearing. When the article appeared, the SECDEF directed that they "get" Chuck. When they found out that everything had been covered by paper trail, the SECDEF got mad and said that he knew Boyd was behind it and directed that Boyd be banned from the pentagon for life. Supposedly, pentagon also created a new classification "NO-SPIN" ... unclassified but not to be given to Chuck Spinney.

fighter constant motion paradigm would be more analogous to man-on-man and somewhat preclude zone defense (translated to sports)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The men who crashed the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 26 Oct, 2011
Subject: The men who crashed the world
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world

from Pecora hearings:
BROKERS' LOANS AND INDUSTRIAL DEPRESSION

For the purpose of making it perfectly clear that the present industrial depression was due to the inflation of credit on brokers' loans, as obtained from the Bureau of Research of the Federal Reserve Board, the figures show that the inflation of credit for speculative purposes on stock exchanges were responsible directly for a rise in the average of quotations of the stocks from sixty in 1922 to 225 in 1929 to 35 in 1932 and that the change in the value of such Stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange went through the same identical changes in almost identical percentages.


... snip ...

the recent equivalent was speculators (& drug cartels) being able to use no-doc/no-down, 1% interest-only payment ARMs and able to treat the real-estate market like the 20s stock market. These no-doc/no-down, 1% interest-only payment ARMs were enabled by being able to package mortgages into toxic CDOs, pay for triple-A ratings and immediately sell them off. In the recent activity, the bail-outs went to wallstreet (that had been taking their part in the $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions) that were enablers for the bubble (and mostly failed to address the real-estate market where the majority of the damage occurred)

latest Matt Taibbi: Wall Street Isn't Winning -- It's Cheating
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/owss-beef-wall-street-isnt-winning-its-cheating-20111025

past posts referencing "Brokers' Loans"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#40 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#27 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#53 What every taxpayer should know about what caused the current Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#52 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#22 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#40 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#57 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#47 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#23 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#53 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#49 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#55 Mobius Says Financial Crisis 'Around the Corner'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Oct 2011 23:05:51 -0400
hancock4 writes:
Could you elaborate on typical IBM "SE" functions of that era (early 1980s)? How did they differ from a "salesman" or "customer rep", or, was "SE" the title IBM gave its sales force? From what you say, I sense the "SE" knew IBM's software and hardware product line from top- to-bottom and matched products to the customer's needs. For instance, "well, we want to print reports in this remote location" / "ok we have this new printer, the 6670, that will do the job very well for you".

there was joke that position of SE was being deskilled in the 80s, more and more becoming phone number lookup ... given some set of keywords ... the SE would know what number to dial.

combination of factors:

pressure from litigation resulted in 23jun69 unbundling announcement, starting to charge for application software, SE services, maintenance. misc. past post mentioning unbundling announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

one of the issues was that before unbundling, part of SE training was apprentice/journeyman as part of large SE team at customer account. after unbundling, couldn't figure out how to justify apprentice SE on customer site ... and so there was big issue about how to train new SEs.

initial strategy was to put in several virtual machine cp67 datacenters providing branch office SEs to connect online and practice guest operating system ... HONE ... misc. past post mentioning HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

science center also ported apl\360 to cms for cms\apl ... and they started putting up large number of apl-based applications on HONE for sales&marketing. fairly quickly the cms\apl sales&marketing support applications came to dominate all HONE activity and the guest operating system disappeared.

somewhat as a result, there was big difference in skill level between pre 23jun69 SEs and post 23jun69 SEs.

another issue was that in 80s saw big explosion in 43xx installations because of significant reduction in cost and improvement in price/performance. the result was that economics of these new 43xx intallations couldn't justify dedicated high-skill SEs support. the economics also couldn't justify large numbers of high-skilled customer staff ... besides the explosion in 43xx installations couldn't find sufficient skilled/trained staff. the result was requirement to radically reduce the skill & cost for supporting these less costly operations.

vm/4341 sold into the same mid-range market as vax. IBM SHARE user group did study/report that had vm/4341 at a competitive disadvantage compared to vax/vms because vax/vms required less support activity and lower skill levels (aka total cost of ownership).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 Oct, 2011
Subject: What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/P3hXPQ
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#32 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#51 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

for a little topic drift: Cyber War and the Expanding Definition of War
http://www.forbes.com/sites/seanlawson/2011/10/26/cyber-war-and-the-expanding-definition-of-war/

from above:
In this post, I argue that Carr's response misses a key component of Rid's argument, that the debate between Rid and Carr is exemplary of an emerging debate over the definition of "war" more generally, and that the complexities of cyber conflict demand that we move beyond the kind of binary thinking exhibited in this debate.

... snip ...

debate:

Cyber War Will Not Take Place
http://thomasrid.org/no-cyber-war/

and:

Clausewitz and Cyber War
http://jeffreycarr.blogspot.com/2011/10/clausewitz-and-cyber-war.html

from above:
The environment within which war is conducted has been permanently altered since Clausewitz' time. Sun Tzu would have been a better choice because he at least considers the superior option of winning a war without fighting. But even within the parameters that Professor Rid has established, here are three examples that fit the Clausewitz test of being lethal, instrumental and political:

... snip ...

misc past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Geek" t-shirts

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 Oct, 2011
Subject: "Geek" t-shirts
Blog: Old Geek Registry
re:
http://lnkd.in/KZgqy7

tale about how 360 was going to be ascii (instead of ebcdic) and Learson made one of the biggest "mistakes" of 360
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

a few old t-shirt pictures i've posted in this album
http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.1062159309847.10435.1101890183&type=1&l=34d32ce258

When rex was still internal (and before name changed to rexx to ship to customers), I wanted to demonstrate that rex wasn't just another pretty scripting language. I decided to re-implement the vm370 dump reader product (implemented in 370 assembler) in rex, objective was to be able to do it in half-time over 3months, have it run 10 times faster (than original) with 10 times the function. As I completed it early, I started adding automated analysis ... growing library of rex code that would examine dumps for common failure signatures. misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Oct 2011 15:34:44 -0400
hancock4 writes:
In the mid 1970s I worked at a shop which had a S/360-40 which was leased from a third-party vendor. I was told IBM was very disappointed when we did that as opposed to leasing the machine directly from them, but the cost saving was substantial. We did contract hardware maintenance from IBM, and they came out once a week for preventative maintenance and for hardware problems.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#53 Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president

In the first part of the 80s, a co-worker from SJR had left and was doing consulting for a VLSI house upvalley that was running vm370 on 3081.

He had ported AT&T C compiler to CMS, made a lot of fixes and enhanced the code-optimization ... and then had ported some number of the Berkeley (c-based) VLSI design tools to CMS. The comapny had some number of silicon graphics machines for chip layout ... and he started writing support to tie-in the silicon graphics machines to the vm/3081 using ethernet.

an ibm salesman dropped by while he was doing the ethernet support and asked him what he was doing. after explaining, the salesman suggested that instead he should be doing token-ring support ... and if he didn't, the installation might find their 3081 hardware maintenance suffering.

I almost immediately got a call and had to listen to an hour or two of frequent four leter words. The next morning, the company's senior VP announced that the company would be replacing the VM/3081 with ten SUN servers.

That got a whole lot of attention in ibm and lots of taskforce studies on why the 3081 was or wasn't technically better than the SUN servers (which was pretty much obfuscation since it didn't have anything to do with technology).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 Oct, 2011
Subject: The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views
Blog: Google+
The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111903927204576574433454435452.html

Part of it was Fannie&Freddie was seeing dwindling share of the market. This has $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions done during the bubble:
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

This has just the four largest too-big-to-fail carrying $5.2T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs off-book at the end of 2008:
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
>http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

TARP funds were supposedly appropriated to buy up these toxic assets, but they didn't realize the magnitude of the problem (would have needed at least ten times more). In Jan2009 when they started to realize the magnitude of the problem, they came up with other uses for the TARP funds ... leaving the massive amounts of triple-A rated toxic assets off balance ... mostly for the Federal Reserve to deal with.

When the fiscal responsibility act expired ye2002, congress really starting throwing the budget way out of whack, cutting revenues and drastically increasing spending and especially unfunded mandates (medicare part-d early part of 2003 is claimed to eventually come to be $40T totally swamping all other budget items; 60minutes did a part-d segment that seem to show congress at its absolute worse). I started noticing US Comptroller General speeches where he would make references to nobody in congress was capable of middle-school arithmetic.

There was item two years ago where baby boomer bubble is four times larger than previous generation and twice as large as following generation. Peak baby boomers has ratio of 4:1 revenue per retiree ... but when baby boomers move into retirement it shifts to 1:2 ... a factor of 8times change. to maintain the same level, the following generation could require SS change from 15% (employee+employer) to 120% (8 times). There are claims that with foreign competition and declining education and skills ... the following generation will only be earning half as much ... requiring SS to be 240% (or maybe 480%, to make up the difference).

Each of four of the too-big-to-fail were each carrying over $1T in off-book triple-A toxic CDOs at the end of 2008. Of the four CITI was carrying the largest. Earlier in the fall of 2008, CITI had sold something like $60B in triple-A rated toxic CDOs at 22cents on the dollar (taking large loss). Pegging the remaining at $5.2T at 22cents on the dollar would have required shutting down and liquidating the institutions.

First Federal Reserve lending $9T and then later $16T (as well as buying trillions in triple-A rated toxic CDOs at 98cents on the dollar ... so the too-big-to-fail wouldn't have to book loss)
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/07/21/audit-fed-gave-16-trillion-in-emergency-loans//

recent posts mentioning nobody in congress capable of middle-school arithmetic:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#44 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#18 Congressional Bickering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#8 The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#36 The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#59 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#68 Bernanke Hearings

recent posts mentioning federal reserve activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#48 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#3 Greed, Excess and America's Gaping Class Divide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#39 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#4 Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#23 Wall Street Aristocracy Got $1.2 Trillion in Fed's Secret Loans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world

recent posts mentioning $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#74 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#16 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#39 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#2 First Website Launched 20 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#16 Feds Launch Probe Into S&P Mortgage Rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#60 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#52 The men who crashed the world

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Geek" t-shirts

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Oct, 2011
Subject: "Geek" t-shirts
Blog: Old Geek Registry
re:
http://lnkd.in/KZgqy7
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts

another for trs80 was newscript mentioned here:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Scribe45TW

a port of cms script to trs80 by a vm370 SE in LA that I periodically would work with (newscript later morphs into allwrite!)... also mentioned in this old post with more newscript/allwrite! refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#74

he had also done a vm370-based ATM machine support for one of his customers ... claiming higher thruput running on 370/158 than similar implementation done on ACP/TPF running on 370/168. As I was in process moving to west coast in 1977, he con'ed me into visiting the customer hdqtrs in LA ... turns out I was in the process of getting a mortgage from the institution. The senior VP at the meeting did manage to shorten clearing the mortgage from normal 3-4 weeks to a couple days.

cms script was first done in mid-60s somewhat as port of ctss runoff. GML (first letter of last name of three people) was invented at the science center in 1969 ... and support for tag processing (in addition to "dot" processing) was added to script. A decade later (late 70s), GML morphs into SGML. Two decades after invention, morphs into HTML at CERN
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

misc. past posts mentioning science center (also did original virtual machines in the 60s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

misc. past posts mentioning GML/SGML (HTML), etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has any of you worked on a project from start to end?

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Oct, 2011
Subject: Has any of you worked on a project from start to end?
Blog: Old Geek Registry
re:
http://lnkd.in/mtCCsY

somewhat the inverse ... past posts "From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#46 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#47 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#59

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Two studies of the concentration of power -- government and industry

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Oct, 2011
Subject: Two studies of the concentration of power -- government and industry
Blog: Google+
Two studies of the concentration of power -- government and industry
http://cis471.blogspot.com/2011/10/two-studies-of-concentration-of-power.html

recent post mentioning one of the studies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#37 Revealed -- the capitalist network that runs the world

with regard to singapore 10yrs ago, 20 yrs ago, Gore was pushing:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Information_Infrastructure
... and there were "testbed" meetings at LLNL ... where the participants had to pony up the hardware on their own nickel. Singapore then invited all the same participants to Singapore ... footing the bill ... and ordering same exact equipment ... but paying for it.

This is old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129
... I had scheduling conflict and couldn't make a meeting at LLNL ... so one of the other vendors represented me and came by my office later to give me an update.

old press item contains buried reference to NIIT (NII testbed) was "self-funded" (actually lot of arm twisting by fed gov):
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Imation+Announces+New+Board+Members-a018491183
... but the participants got funding from Singapore

old post with piece of 5/29/94 "Kahaner" report regarding Singapore's NII
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#79
previous post with other NIIT news items
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#78

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Oct, 2011
Subject: ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
Blog: z/VM
re:
http://lnkd.in/zvvi_V
and similar post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#16 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

History of the Internet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Internet

has brief mention of BITNET (in section about UUCP & Usenet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitnet

but in the section on "merging the networks" ... isn't mention even tho above reference mentions in 1991, bitnet had 3000 nodes (I believe was larger than csnet for the life of csnet).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

also, as mentioned the internal network with vnet/rscs technology, was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until late85 or early86. One of the reasons was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters and was attempting to preserve the terminal emulation paradigm ... while PCs and workstations were starting to appear as peer-nodes on the internet. misc. past posts mentioning terminal emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

In the late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, internal, worldwide communication group conference and opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the disk division was starting to see massive upswing in data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms (with the stranglehold that the communication group had on datacenters and efforts to preserve the terminal emulation paradigm).

Old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#50

includes old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#email850625

about number of bitnet nodes. also dec1988 "bitnet" contains 2691 nodes (includes bitnet/netnorth/earn nodes) ... misc. past posts mentioning bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

old email from person charged with setting up EARN (bitnet in europe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

past posts mentioning internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1979 SHARE LSRAD Report

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Oct, 2011
Subject: 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
Blog: z/VM
re:
http://lnkd.in/srwAGd

I scan'ed a copy of the report early 2009 and have been trying to find somebody at SHARE to give me permission to put it up on BITSAVER
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/
copyright law changed start of 1979 or otherwise it would have expired). old post reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#47
Preface

This is a report of the SHARE Large Systems Requirements for Application Development (LSRAD) task force. This report proposes an evolutionary plan for MVS and VM/370 that will lead to simpler, more efficient and more useable operating systems. The report is intended to address two audiences: the uses of IBM's large operating systems and the developers of those systems.


... snip ...

and
Acknowledgements

The LSRAD task force would like to thank our respective employers for the constant support they have given us in the form of resources and encourgement. We further thank the individuals, both within and outside SHARE Inc., who reviewed the various drafts of this report. We would like to acknowledge the contribution of the technical editors, Ruth Ashman, Jeanine Figur, and Ruth Oldfield, and also of the clerical assistants, Jane Lovelette and Barbara Simpson

Two computers systems proved invaluable for producing this report. Draft copies were edited on the Tymshare VM system. The final report was produced on the IBM Yorktown Heights experimental printer using the Yorktown Formatting Language under VM/CMS.


... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Oct, 2011
Subject: ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
Blog: z/VM
re:
http://lnkd.in/zvvi_V
and similar post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#16 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#61 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

IBM shipped TCP/IP for vm/370 ... the communication group couldn't quite block it ... but they increased the price of the box by a factor of 10 times over what the disk division was planning on selling the box for (since the communication group "owned" everything that crossed the datacenter walls). The implementation was done in Pascal/VS ... and partly because the shipped (channel-attached) box was bridge (not a router), there was a lot more mainframe processing. I did the changes for rfc1044 support for a box from another vendor (that was true router) and in some tuning tests at Cray Research got sustained channel speed (between 4341 clone and cray machine), possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed. misc. past posts mentioning RFC 1044 support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

This was also the period that the federal gov. was starting to push GOSIP and the elimination of both tcp/ip and the internet. At Interop '88 ... there was a whole bunch of OSI and other "X" stuff in booths. Misc. past posts mentioning Interop '88
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

I had some stuff in another vendor's booth at Interop88 (not IBMs).

Later, the VM/370 TCP/IP support was ported to MVS by simulating some of the VM functions in the MVS environment.

Much later, an outside contractor was hired to do a TCP/IP protocol support in VTAM. They initial implementation ran much faster than LU6.2. They were told that everybody knows that a proper TCP/IP implementation would be much slower than LU6.2 and they would only get paid for a proper implementation

This is old post with the internal corporation locations that added one or more nodes during 1983 (year than arpanet/internet converted to internetworking protocol, tcp/ip ... and the year the internal network passed 1000 nodes):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

"difference" between internal network and bitnet (as well as internet), was internal network required that all links have link "encryptors" (there was claim in the mid-80s, that the internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world). This was still in the period that most governments reserved encryption for government activity ... so it frequently took quite a bit of doing to get gov. approval for the link encryptors ... especially when a link crossed national boundaries.

this is old posts about project i called high-speed data transport
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

which was T1 and higher speed links. T1 encryptors were rare and costly to come by and higher speed tended to be roll-your-own. I joke about discovering that there were three kinds of crypto in this period: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can do only for them. A few past posts mentioning 3 kinds of crypto:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#22 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 29 Oct 2011 08:36:12 -0700
steve@TRAINERSFRIEND.COM (Steve Comstock) writes:
Well, I just tried to do some online credit card account maintenance with my Capital One card, and got the message 'System Unavailable'. I called tech support and they said they were doing maintenance on the system. Regular weekend maintenance.

At 2:00 on a Friday afternoon? Does anyone know if they are using mainframes for their online / web based work? Sheesh! Someone should teach them they can use mainframes and do maintenance while the system keeps running!


we were doing (IBM's) HA/CMP ... this is old post about early jan92 ha/cmp cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks, the cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as ibm supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four computers ... prompting us to leave a few months later. some old ha/cmp cluster scaleup email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

two of the other people at the Ellison meeting also leave and join small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". we get brought in as consultants because they wanted to do payment transactions on the server; the startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Part of the effort was figuring out how to use "SSL" for the browser/webserver payments (we also had to audit all this companies selling "SSL" domain name digital certificates) as well as transactions between webservers and the payment gateway (sits between the internet and payment networks). For no-single-point-of-failure, the payment gateway had multipe connections into the internet and the webservers (talking to payment gateway) had to support multiple DNS A-records (translated domain name to multiple different ip-addresses).

However, I didn't have final sign-off for the browser support ... and could only recommend that they implement multiple A-record support. They said it was too complex. I gave tutorials, they said it was too complex. I provided them example client code from 4.3Tahoe, they said it was too complex (it was more than year later before they supported multiple A-record support).

An early commerce server was major sporting goods operation that was doing national football tv advertisement on sundays ... and were expecting big upswing in traffic during half-time. This was when major ISPs still scheduled maintenance on Sundays. Even though, their server had multiple connections to different parts of the internet ... if the ISP router for the first IP-address in the DNS record was down for maintenance ... it would effectively have the webserver off the air.

in any case, there can be dozen's of components between a browser and backend processor that holds the account record. backend systems holding account records still are typically mainframes ... but they can have all sorts of non-mainframe intermediate components between the backend mainframe and any internet webafied interface.

the configurations I would put together were no-single-point-of-failure ... even for pure web ... but others may have not been so careful. While still at IBM doing HA/CMP ... I had also coined marketing terms disaster survivability (to differentiate from disaster/recovery) and geographic survivability. They then asked me to do section for the corporation's continuous availability strategy document ... but it got pulled when both Rochester (as/400) and POK (mainframe) complained they couldn't meet the requirements. misc. past posts mentioning availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

go out and try a point-of-sale transaction on the card ... it will typically go through components that are frequently pure legacy (although increasing percentage are transitioning to internet for point-of-sale ... even with backend still mainframe).

"off-peak" for many web components also tend to be different than backend ... with web-use spiking during non-normal working hrs (weekends and off-shift when people are mostly not at work).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soups

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soups
Newsgroups: alt.usage.english, alt.folklore.computers, rec.arts.sf.written
Date: Sat, 29 Oct 2011 12:24:11 -0400
"John Holmes" <see@sig.instead> writes:
Some of the most destructive of these bushfires in Australia were blamed on poorly maintained above-ground power lines in rural areas:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Saturday_bushfires
Especially the Kilmore East fire, which killed 120 people and destroyed 2000 homes. There is now some potentially expensive legal action in progress.


Last decade ... PG&E also got fined and held liable for fires in (california) bay area started by power lines sparking brush fires and burning down homes & buildings. Public utility commission had allowed PG&E portion of rates for brush maintenance ... but it turned out that they were using it for executive bonuses.

I remember east coast railroads during the 50s&60s doing something similar ... diverting maintenance funds to executive compensation (and paying dividends ... in part because some of the formulae for executive compensation was tied to stock price ... which tended to be influenced by dividends).

In the early 80s, there was something similar, but different with the US auto industry. There was article (I think washington post) calling for 100% unearned profit tax on us automobile industry. The scenario went that import quotas were designed to give the US auto industry profits (because of reduced competition) for totally remaking themselves. They continued business as normal ... and therefor the call for 100% unearned profit tax.

In the 90/91 time-frame, the US auto industry had C4 task-force looking at totally remaking themselves. Because they figured heavily leaveraging technology would be involved, technology vendors were asked to participate. During the sessions, they were able to clearly articulate what the issues were, the competition, and what needed to be done. However, they weren't actually able to make the changes, continuing business as usual (preserving long-term status quo interests).

a few past posts mentioning call for 100% unearned profit tax:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#41 Reason Japanese cars are assembled in the US (was Re: American bigotry)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#43 Economic Factors on Automation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#52 The SOB that helped IT jobs move to India is dead!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#22 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#2 Internet today -- what's left for hobbiests
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#23 auto industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#14 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#17 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#20 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#49 The Pankian Metaphor (redux)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#33 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#72 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#88 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#11 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#24 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#28 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#39 competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#84 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#77 Tell me why the taxpayer should be saving GM and Chrysler (and Ford) managers & shareholders at this stage of the game?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#22 Is Pride going to decimate the auto Industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#63 Have you told your Congressman how to VOTE on the auto bailout?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#18 What next? from where would the Banks be hit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#57 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#20 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#2 China-US Insights on the Future of the Auto Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#75 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#23 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#21 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#34 Boyd's Reading List Revisited
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#35 The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soups

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soups
Newsgroups: alt.usage.english, alt.folklore.computers, rec.arts.sf.written
Date: Sat, 29 Oct 2011 20:50:32 -0400
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
Indeed. It is not impossible to bury high voltage lines, just very expensive and impractical.

in the 60s ... presidents wife had beautify america program ... get rid of billboards and other stuff. one of the other stuff was these overhead lines from generator plant to switch yard (on the top of the hill behind the picture)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Grand_Coulee_Dam_no_forebay.jpg

that she wanted put "underground". the engineers claimed it wasn't advisable ... but there was mandate ... so they did as best they could. later when it failed and started a big fire ... the engineers that had recommended against it, were blamed.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The debt fallout: How Social Security went "cash negative" earlier than expected

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Oct, 2011
Subject: The debt fallout: How Social Security went "cash negative" earlier than expected
Blog: Google+
The debt fallout: How Social Security went "cash negative" earlier than expected
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/the-debt-fallout-how-social-security-went-cash-negative-earlier-than-expected/2011/10/27/gIQACm1QTM_story.html

Fully funded, money goes in as the obligation is incurred. Pay-as-you-go is current workers are paying for retirees. A couple decades ago, the gov. started "borrowing" from the social security fund for federal operation, effectively turning fully funded into pay-as-you-go.

The "baby boomer" bubble is four times larger than the previous generation and twice as large as the following generation. With "baby boomer" during peak earning years, the "pay-as-you-go" funding was easy economics since there were four times as many paying in as there were those taking out. With baby boomers moving into retirement the ratio inverts (those paying in to those taking out) from 4:1 to 1:2 ... a reduction of eight times. The implication is that current SS of 15percent (employee+employer) may have to increase eight times to 120percent. There are also calculations that globalization, increased competition, lower skills&education have the following generation possibly only earning half as much ... requiring 240percent for SS (instead of only 120percent).

Note that after fiscal responsibility act expired the end of 2002 and congress starting really throwing the budget way out of kilter (reducing revenues and drastically increasing spending), I noticed that comptroller general started including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic.

misc. past posts mentioning baby boomer bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#1 The Workplace War for Age and Talent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#13 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#8 The end of the baby boomers, US bonds maturing, and then what?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#58 Everyone is getting same deal out of life: babyboomers can't retire but they get SS benefits intact
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#61 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#64 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#72 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#37 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#38 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#24 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#46 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#45 not even sort of about The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#72 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#2 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#69 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#75 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#44 Ratio of workers to retirees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#76 The Two Trillion Dollar Meltdown: Easy Money, High Rollers, and the Great Credit Crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#57 The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Myth of British Counterinsurgency?

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Oct, 2011
Subject: The Myth of British Counterinsurgency?
Blog: Zenpundit
The Myth of British Counterinsurgency?
http://zenpundit.com/?p=4442

In the cspan2 "book" broadcast yesterday of Lewis Sorley,
http://www.booktv.org/Program/12911/Westmoreland+The+General+Who+Lost+Vietnam.aspx

he made comment that US has learned during the course of conflict ... frequently replacing officers that had achieved their position thru politics ... with those that had experience ... he cited examples in the recent conflicts -- and also the point of his book ... Westmoreland ... who he characterized as staff/political officer and w/o experience with Abrams. This thread in linkedin Boyd
http://lnkd.in/P3hXPQ

also gives example of Abrams having successful strategy in Vietnam. Sorley's position seemed to be less on learning and experience ... and more regarding the type of officer ... in peace time becoming extremely top-heavy with staff officers with little/no field experience ... and during the course of conflict replacing them with aptitude for conflict

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The culture of the pre-commercial Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Oct, 2011
Subject: The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
Blog: Google+
The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/UNVSigRViMr

The technology basis of modern internet is TCP/IP, the operational basis for the modern internet was the NSFNET backbone, and the business basis for the modern internet was CIX. The NIIT in the early 90s also played some role. recent reference to GOOGLE+ NIIT posts archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#60

We were working with NSF on what was to become the NSFNET backbone ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

When the NSFNET backbone RFP was released, internal politics prevented us from bidding. The Director of NSF tried to help, writing the corporation a letter (copying the CEO, statements like what we already had running was at least five yrs ahead of all RFP responses), but that just made the internal politics worse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1979 SHARE LSRAD Report

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Oct, 2011
Subject: 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
Blog: z/VM
re:
http://lnkd.in/srwAGd
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#62 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report

I had exchanged email with SHARE in Jan2009 but never got final authorization. This time around there has been some who have offered to help, see if things progress further.

from pg. 8 Task Force History
The task force consisted of eight SHARE members, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Boeing Computer Services, Exxon, General Motors Research, Perkin-Elmer, and Tymshare.

... snip ...

Misc. earlier history. I hadn't yet graduated in 1969 ... but was full-time univ. datacenter employee and attending classes (doing lots of work on both os/360 and cp/67). Spring break of 1969, I was con'ed into teach 40hr, one week class to the what was becoming the Boeing Computer Services technical staff (although Boeing website says it wasn't officially formed until 1970). Then the summer of 1969, I was hired as full-time BCS employee to install and get operational an online CP67 service in Boeing hdqtrs. The machine room had to be built out to handle a `1mbyte 360/67 ... since it previously had just held a 360/30 that was mostly used for Boeing payroll & accounting (the really big datacenter was down at Renton and in the process of being replicated up at Everett). Then in the fall, of 1969 I went back to finish classes for graduation (and then joined the science center in Cambridge prior to graduation).

As mentioned, Tymshare offered commercial online VM/CMS service ... as well as starting in Aug1976 provided free online computer conferencing to SHARE as VMSHARE ... archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

Perkin-Elmer was also a large vm370 customer. In addition they had bought Interdata and was offering Interdata clone controller under Perkin-Elmer logo. One of the things I had done as undergraduate was add TTY/ascii terminal support to CP67. As part of doing so, I made the implementation consistent with the automatic terminal type implementation for 2741 & 1052. This worked for leased lines ... but had problem with doing single number (hunt-group) pool for dial-up (controller could switch line-scanner but line-speed was hardwired). This was motivation for univ. to start clone controller that would do both auto speed&type ... build channel controller interface for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate mainframe controller. Interdata then started offering this as product ... which continued after purchase by Perkin-Elmer. misc. past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

older LSRAD references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#50 IBM 705 computer manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#1 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#38 Fw: Tax chooses dead language - Austalia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#40 old tapes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#47 repeat after me: RAID != backup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#70 A New Role for Old Geeks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#0 Wanted: SHARE Volume I proceedings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#13 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#33 IBM S/360 Green Card high quality scan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#85 Two terrific writers .. are going to write a book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#88 digitize old hardcopy manuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 30 Oct 2011 16:46:44 -0700
ps2os2@YAHOO.COM (Ed Gould) writes:
John, Way back in the '70's I used to work on a online savings system. At that time all banks were closed on weekends. It was great as we had test time a plenty. We ran into a time crunch was every quarter we had to calculate interest before 8 AM. We had zero allowance for problems. From close of business till 8 AM it was intense.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#64 Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?

most card processing backends are "frozen" this time of year until possibly mid-january (transaction rates ramps-up until x-mas and then some returns)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 30 Oct 2011 17:22:33 -0700
joarmc@SWBELL.NET (John McKown) writes:
Depends on the printer. 0x0A on many DecWriters did both a CR and an LF function. That's why UNIX defaulted that way, from what I was told. No need to do any character translation or additions if you just did a "cp" to the device. Of course, Windows via MS-DOS via CP/M-80 used CRLF for the same reason. The PC printers of the day required a separate LF and CR to go to the beginning of the next line. And the CR was done first so that the mechanical time to return the head was taken up by rolling the platten to the next line due to the fact that the CR functino took a "significant" amount of time compared to the LF or printing a simple character. Again, as I was told.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'

another recent post about adding tty/ascii terminal support to cp67 (already had 2741 & 1052 support)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#70 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report

one of the things done in terminal support was line was "padded" with idle characters after a "CR" ... formula that calculated how many characters had been printed in the line, how fast the carriage/typehead returned and how fast characters were transmitted ... in order to allow carriage/typehead to have returned before start printing the next line.

for other trivia ... this is old item about the name cp/m being derived from (ibm mainframe virtual machine) cp/67 ... kildall (author of cp/m) having used cp/67 at navy post graduate school in 1972 ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Oct, 2011
Subject: Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
Blog: Facebook
Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/30/opinion/sunday/friedman-did-you-hear-the-one-about-the-bankers.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

1989, citi was largest player in (ARM} mortgage market, discovered that its portfolio could take down the institution, sold off the portfolio and got out of the business and required (private) bailout to continue operating. long-winded post from jan1999:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

.. roll forward to last decade, under new management it is again big player. End of 2008, four biggest too-big-to-fail had $5.2T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs being carried off-balance (with citi holding more than other three)
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
>http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

last Tuesday, bloomberg tv was interviewing somebody saying that the SEC fines at hundreds of millions are still trivial percentage of the traffic in triple-A rated toxic CDOs ... being viewed purely as part of cost of doing business. Old reference that there were $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs transactions done during the bubble:
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

relative magnitude, CRA & equal housing was very small percentage of the $27T and the bubble (if it had just been that ... there never would have been a bubble and crash). If this was airplane crash and apportioning blame ... possibly 95/5 ... hard to believe there is even a trillion's worth of housing that falls into that category.

Similarly, there had been toxic CDOs during the S&L crisis being used to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages ... but w/o the purchase of triple-A ratings, there was very little market. Congressional hearings into the rating agencies said that the rating agencies and the sellers, both knew that the toxic CDOs weren't worth the triple-A rating (basically triple-A ratings were available for a price)

recent references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#84 The Imaginot Line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#94 The Curly Factor -- Prologue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#56 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#25 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#28 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#74 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#47 Lords: Auditors guilty of 'dereliction of duty'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#7 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#16 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#39 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#45 S&P's History of Relentless Political Advocacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#2 First Website Launched 20 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#16 Feds Launch Probe Into S&P Mortgage Rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#25 Wall Street Aristocracy Got $1.2 Trillion in Fed's Secret Loans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#60 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#81 How Joe and Mary Six Pack Saved Wall Street, London, Frankfurt and Big Corporates in the USA and Europe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#18 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#38 The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#52 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#57 The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soups

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soups
Newsgroups: alt.usage.english, alt.folklore.computers, rec.arts.sf.written
Date: Mon, 31 Oct 2011 08:02:41 -0400
"Sea Wasp (Ryk E. Spoor)" <seawasp@sgeinc.invalid.com> writes:
"There are very few personal problems that cannot be solved by a suitable application of high explosives."

seen on bumper sticker:
US Marines - when it absolutely, positively has to be blown up overnight

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Soups

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Soups
Newsgroups: alt.usage.english, alt.folklore.computers, rec.arts.sf.written
Date: Mon, 31 Oct 2011 08:00:41 -0400
Patrick Scheible <kkt@zipcon.net> writes:
BART does this too. These days, any high speed transit system would probably find itself having to defend itself in lawsuits from the families of everyone who tried to beat the train to a level crossing, so no grade crossings are the norm for new systems.

there was old article about about San Jose's light rail ... about it being originally justified by rider volume from south valley to businesses up-valley based on elapsed commute time from *ALL* off-grade crossings. during the project, it was decided to eliminate some number of the off-grade crossings (to "save money") ... blowing the elapsed commute time and the expected rider volumes and the original justification for the project.

past posts mentioning San Jose's light rail and off-grade crossings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#25 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#63 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#48 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The culture of the pre-commercial Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Oct 2011 10:46:10 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#69 The culture of the pre-commercial Internet

and
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/UNVSigRViMr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 31 Oct, 2011
Subject: Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#73 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?

there has been long-term pockets of greed, corruption, fraud ... including CRA & equal housing, but it was the de-regulation and failure to regulate that allowed the hot-spots to combine together into economic firestorm. mortgages had been domain of depository institutions (using deposits) that had been fairly strongly regulated (including subject to CRA). #1 on time's list of those responsible:
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

... loosely regulated, non-depository loan originators had been minor problem because they had little access to funds. However being able to package mortgages into toxic CDOs and pay for triple-A rating gave them access to essentially unlimited funds. Paying for triple-A ratings, they no longer had to care about loan quality and/or borrower's qualifications. There may have included some in low-income, equal opportunity ... but they actually didn't care ... they didn't have to care ... with triple-A rating they only cared about how fast, how large, how many.

Members of wallstreet made huge fees and commissions off the $27T in the triple-A rated toxic CDOs transactions ... including the unregulated investment banking arms of highly regulated depository institutions (courtesy of repeal of Glass-Steagall). The toxic CDOs were capable of taking down the institutions, but the magnitude of the individual compensation more than offset any concern they might have had about their institution, the economy and/or the country.
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The culture of the pre-commercial Internet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Date: 31 Oct, 2011
Subject: The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
Blog: Google+
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#69 The culture of the pre-commercial Internet
and
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/UNVSigRViMr

the regional networks also had AUPs ... some past posts with some:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#26
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#45
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#46
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#33

Part of reason for NSFNET backbone AUP was the telcos had huge unused capacity (& dark fiber) ... but they were in chicken&egg situation. Telcos had huge fixed run rate, enormous increase in use required drastic reduction in their tariffed price/bit, but w/o the bandwidth hungry applications any major reduction in tariffs could mean ten times reduction in revenue for years, while the bandwidth hungry applications evolved. The NSFNET backbone RFP was $11.2M ... but estimates are that nearly $50M was contributed to the backbone ... basically a technology incubator for the bandwidth hungry applications ... w/o impacting commercial revenue.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The men who crashed the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Nov, 2011
Subject: The men who crashed the world
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#52 The men who crashed the world

Mathematically Detecting Stock Market Bubbles Before They Burst
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111031215938.htm

the difference between the crash of '29 and the last decade was that the bubble was in the real-estate market (not the stock market) ... mostly unregulated loan originators being able to leverage the ability to buy triple-A ratings (for mortgages packaged as toxic CDOs) as (nearly unlimited) source of funds ($27T in transactions)
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

loan originators no longer having to care about borrowers qualification or loan quality and the obfuscation from triple-A rated toxic CDOs led to no-down, no-documentation, 1% interest-only ARMs. Speculators found them extremely attractive ... possibly 2000% ROI in parts of the country with 20-30 percent inflation (with speculation further fueling the inflation) ... aka 1% cost on $1m property is $10,000; 20% inflation is $200,000 ... 20 times return on investment flipping after a year (also used by drug cartels for laundering money). The constant flipping added additional fuel to the $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions ... that wallstreet possibly took up to $5T in fees and commissions (and other returns).

Most of the bail-outs have gone to wallstreet and too-big-to-fail institutions with Federal Reserve apparently providing well over $10T ... for those pockets of greed, corruption, and fraud ... while little has been done for the enormous amount of real-estate properties caught up in the actual bubble.

GS executives provided lots of assistance rotating thru GS executive offices, US treasury and back to wallstreet (as part of taking their part in the $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions). example of somebody who played in all the pieces:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin
and
http://in.reuters.com/article/2009/01/09/us-chronology-rubin-sb-idINTRE5086XS20090109
also mentioned here "the wall street fix"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/wallstreet/
and
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/wallstreet/weill/
and also here
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/interviews/born.html

there has been periodic joke about US Treasury is the GS branch office in washington.

more GS players:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Corzine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Paulson

older item including china
http://gs.bloggingstocks.com/2007/10/14/hank-paulsons-got-an-enron-like-crisis-that-could-swamp-citigro/
more recent:
http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/10/henry-paulsons-5-ideas-for-us-china-relations/247530/
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/usa/us/2011-10/28/content_13995659.htm

other items
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/26/business/26cnd-paulson.html?hp
http://frontpagemag.com/2011/11/01/fannie-maes-duo-of-destruction/
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/oct/27/goldman-sachs-occupy-wall-street

other recent GS related
http://www.forbes.com/sites/afontevecchia/2011/10/31/mf-global-the-fall-of-corzine-the-volcker-rule-and-too-big-to-fail/
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/45114515/ns/business-us_business/

The TARP funds had originally been appropriated to buy toxic assets ... but amount was too small by at least an order of magnitude ... so they had to find other ways of using TARP funds (and let federal reserve try and help things play out behind the scenes).

Various books & articles make a big deal out of AIG almost done negotiations to pay 60cents on the dollar for CDS. Treasury secretary then steps in and says that for AIG to pay less than 100cents on the dollar was illegal and it had to take (biggest chunk of) TARP loans in order to pay 100cents on the dollar (and "forced" AIG to sign legal document giving up right to sue anybody they were paying off). The issue in the books and articles was major recipient of AIG CDS payments (at 100cents on the dollar) was Goldman ... which the secretary had previously been chairman of.

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#41 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#10 Who will Survive AIG or Derivative Counterparty Risk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#13 Should we fear and hate derivatives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#61 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#64 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#54 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Nov, 2011
Subject: A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
Blog: Facebook
A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/01/a-close-look-at-the-perry-tax-plan/

An older flat tax scenario reduces 72k page tax code to 400-500 pages ... dealing with the complexity & non-optimal business decisions (because of loopholes) costs 5-6% of GDP ... as well as enormous money spent on loophole lobbying (large part responsible for congress considered most corrupt institution on earth). Changes by congress (in response to loophole lobbying) creates enormous burden on IRS dataprocessing (some cases, congress random fluctuations met that IRS computers weren't reprogrammed in time for start of filing season). Having both flat tax and business as usual/status quo ... fails to address any of the primary issues (lobbying corruption, size of tax-code, IRS dataprocessing complexity, etc)

To accurately pro-rate gasoline use tax, it would be proportional to road related cost associated with design, building, and repair of roads. It turns out that nearly all highway design consideration, building, and repair is based on 18wheeler 18kN equivalent single axles loads (ESALs). The effects of passenger cars, pickups, and two-axles trucks are considered to be negligible. In effect the current same flat rate gas tax for all vehicles is enormous subsidy to the trucking industry. If it were to be accurately pro-rated, the non-18wheeler use tax would be reduced significantly and 18wheeler gas tax increased to large tens of dollars per gallon (possibly in excess of $100/gal).

As it is ... there are periodic stories in the news about large trucking companies getting caught using "red" gas (i.e. off-road farm gas that doesn't have road use). Campaign to eliminate subsidies ... gas use tax for general fund ... should also accurately apportion tax based on actual effects of use on the road. This would reduce non-18wheeler gas use tax significantly and increase 18wheeler gas use tax to possibly $100/gal.

there have been a number of accounts that the commodities markets required players to have significant position in the commodity (because speculators resulted in wild irrational price swings). there was account that prior to the 2008 gas spike over $100/barrel, there were 19 "secret" letters allowing specific speculators to play (resulting in the wild irrational commodity price swings seen since then).

They are both subsidies ... one is subsidy for the general fund, the other is subsidy for the trucking industry. In general, subsidies distort economic realities ... just like the tax loopholes. Once a economic niche has been created with subsidies ... any major change is to likely to cause disruption to those that have adapted to the subsidy. Another favorite is Feds were found to providing water to rice growers in cal. for pennies on the dollar during past cal. drought (while drastically rationing water to cities). The Cal. rice growing industry hardly existed before the nearly free water from the Feds.

There is lots of interstate commerce that would likely return to railroads if the true costs of heavy trucking was accurately taken into account.

past posts mentioning ESALs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#41 Transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#7 OT Global warming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#56 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#57 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#59 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#60 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#61 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#62 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#0 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#23 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#48 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#61 Idiotic cars driving themselves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#39 Central vs. expanded storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#52 TCM's Moguls documentary series

past posts mentioning 19 "secret" letters:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#50 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#57 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#90 CFTC Limits on Commodity Speculation May Wait Until Early 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#17 Hey all you Old Geeks (and younger ones too), with gas heading towards $6.00/gal, remote support, satellite offices and home office will become more cost effective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#46 Sand in Machine Makes a Stable Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#76 FIA shocked and outraged after Senator leaks oil trading data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#21 HOLLOW STATES and a CRISIS OF CAPITALISM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#18 computer bootlaces

misc. past posts mentioning flat-rate tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#37 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#71 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#49 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#43 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#83 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#20 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#31 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#39 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#48 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#49 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#40 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#79 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#36 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#37 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#58 History--automated payroll processing by other than a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#73 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#46 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#18 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#20 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Nov, 2011
Subject: A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan

There was Boston (globe) article circa early 70s about demise of NE clothing industry and economic policy. It cited Scandinavia in the early 50s went through all the industries looking at the value of humans labor compared target standard of living ... and set out to transition to industries where value of human labor greater than the target standard of living ... except for industries determined "strategic" which would require subsidies (which in turn subsidized the human compensation more than what it was worth ... in order to bring it up to target standard of living). They could accurately calculate the cost of each subsidy and the value achieved in return. Majority of current loopholes and subsidies in the US are shrouded in enormous lobbying, greed and corruption ... with little effort to accurately demonstrate exact return. There has been periodically call for every congressional act to state results/goals with annual audits.

Early 80s, there was (washintgon post) article calling for 100% unearned profit tax on the US auto industry. The scenario was that foreign auto quotas gave US auto industry profits (from reduced competition) to completely remake themselves. Instead they used the profits to continue preserve status quo, bonuses, dividends, compensation, etc. 90/91, US auto industry had C4 task force to "completely remake themselves" ... and planning heavily leveraging technology, invited technology vendors to participate (I was at some of the meetings). They could articulate in great detail all the problems and all the changes that were needed. However, even knowing everything that needed to be done ... they still couldn't/wouldn't change the status quo.

The 100% unearned profit tax article went through the calculations that the foreign auto quotas resulted in 1/3rd to 50% subsidy in the price of US autos ... which were suppose to be used for remaking the industry. In effect it was at least hundreds of billions (possible over trillion) of indirect subsidy to the US auto industry over the decades ... paid by US consumers

past posts mentioning economic policy and/or C4 task force:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#28 Offshore IT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#52 The SOB that helped IT jobs move to India is dead!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#29 [OT] Faces of terrorism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#39 competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#3 IBM interprets Lean development's Kaizen with new MCIF product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#31 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#14 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#47 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#70 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#75 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#0 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#1 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#2 Car models and corporate culture: It's all lies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#35 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#34 Boyd's Reading List Revisited
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#65 Soups

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The men who crashed the world

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Nov, 2011
Subject: The men who crashed the world
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#52 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world

too-big-to-fail are in trouble because their investment banking arms were dealing the triple-A rated toxic CDOs and carrying them off-book (courtesy of repeal of Glass-Steagall) ... because of the enormous individual compensation from the $27T triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions ... even though holding the toxic CDOs might take down the institution.
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

However, the bubble was not wallstreet/stock-market ... like in '29 crash ... but the bubble and speculation was in the real-estate market. Normal bubble collapse has real-estate prices return to before start of the century (see upthread Pecora Brokers' Loans stock pre/post bubble/crash)

The real estate bubble/speculation also created appearance of much larger demand than actually existed, resulting in overbuilding. The overbuilding and excess inventory further depresses prices. Other side effects of real-estate speculation/bubble, there are estimated 10million of the 50M-some home mortgages "underwater" which could get foreclosed and find themselves on the market. The combination of foreclosed, overbuilt, excess inventory can have overwhelming dampening effect on the economy that takes decades to clear. The long-term downside of this bubble/crash can turn out to actually be greater than '29 crash

Investment banks carrying some amount in $27T triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions, could have been split off from any regulated depository institutions (like big four too-big-to-fail carrying $5.2T) ... valued at 22cents on the dollar and allowed to be liquidated. Possible reason it didn't happen were some people in authority had feelings of affinity to the subject institutions. Another reason was that other operations carrying triple-A rated toxic CDOs would have also been caught up. Big difference between S&L crisis toxic CDOs and more recent toxic CDOs were the triple-A rating. There are some number of institutions that are restricted to only dealing in triple-A (like some of the large institutional retirement funds) that would also have been hit hard with valuation at 22cents on the dollar. However, continuing to prop up those institutions still isn't clearing the underlying real-estate problem.

misc. past references to 22cents on the dollar:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#44 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#67 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#70 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#26 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#95 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#24 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#11 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#10 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#55 Who will give Citigroup the KNOCKOUT blow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#67 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#0 PNC Financial to pay CEO $3 million stock bonus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#23 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#50 TARP Bailout to Cost Less Than Once Anticipated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#63 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#58 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#84 The Imaginot Line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#56 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#41 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#7 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#39 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#45 S&P's History of Relentless Political Advocacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#4 Geithner, Bernanke have little in arsenal to fight new crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#25 Wall Street Aristocracy Got $1.2 Trillion in Fed's Secret Loans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#59 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#81 How Joe and Mary Six Pack Saved Wall Street, London, Frankfurt and Big Corporates in the USA and Europe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#38 The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#57 The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Nov, 2011
Subject: A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#81 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan

Part of hiway design is lifetime based on number of 18wheeler ESALs ... turnpikes with heavy trucking grooves have likely far exceeded the design lifetime (and/or construction wasn't actually built to design). Other problem is overloaded trucks which significantly increases rate that pavement degrades (again far exceed design). Traffic of lighter weight vehicles can be ignored.

In late 90s, we were asked to participate in some mass transit activity. FEDs heavily subsidize mass transit systems ... including design and implementation of custom, roll-your-own fare collections systems. In the late 90s, the FEDs started telling mass transit industry that they were no longer going to provide subsidies for fare collections systems and the operators should start looking for ways of using off-the-self commercial payment infrastructures.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Scanning JES3 JCL

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Scanning JES3 JCL
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 2 Nov 2011 10:04:59 -0700
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
384KiB? We ran PCP on 128 and MFT II on 256. I know of places that ran on 64.

i started on on 64kbyte 360/30 running PCP (i think it was around release 6). I had student job to port 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record front-end to 709) to 360/30 (360/30 had 1401 hardware emulation, so MPIO could directly run ... so I guess it was just part of exercise transitioning to 360). It was eventually 2000 assembler statements (cards, i.e. box) ... had conditional assembly, one was "stand-alone" (i got to design & implement my own interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, dispatcher, etc) and the other ran with six DCBs under os/360. The "stand-alone" version took approx. 30mins elapsed time to assemble, the "os/360" version (same 2000 cards just change to conditional assemble) took another 30mins elapsed (60mins total) to assemble ... you could watch lights on 360/30 and recognize when it hit DCB macro which took about five mins elapsed time each.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 2 Nov, 2011
Subject: Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
Blog: Google+
Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
https://plus.google.com/u/0/113011437174380397123/posts/fyduT1nz6mp

I remember attending key escrow meetings ... one in santa cruz and another held during convention in las vegas. In the mid-80s I was involved in some hardware that did a small slight-of-hand twist to DES ... eventually got told I could make as many as I wanted but they could only be shipped/used by a single specific customer (I learned there were 3kinds; the crypto they don't care about, the crypto you can't do and the crypto you can only do for them).

related recent post htpt://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage

misc. past posts mentioning key escrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#11 Difference between TCPA-Hardware and a smart card (was: example: secure computing kernel needed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#12 dual-use digital signature vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#6 PGP "master keys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm9.htm#pkcs12 A PKI Question: PKCS11-> PKCS12
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#39 PKI Implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#53 public key confusion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#12 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#39 transputers again was Re: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#40 transputers again was Re: The demise of Commodore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#1 Decoding the encryption puzzle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#48 Data Center Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#62 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#14 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#56 About that "Mighty Fortress"... What's it look like?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PDCA vs. OODA

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 3 Nov, 2011
Subject: PDCA vs. OODA
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/j9U4bS
and:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#90 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#92 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#27 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#34 PDCA vs. OODA

a few recent posts ... in other discussions ... that before the automobile C2 taskforce meetings 90/91 to completely remake themselves ... there was article (I think washington post) in the early 80s calling for 100% unearned profit tax on the us industry. The scenario was that foreign auto quotas was to give the US auto industry profits and briefing spell (reduced competition) to completely remake themselves. Since they were continuing business as usual and preserving the status quo (and using the profits for increased compensation and dividends) ... they didn't deserve the profits (aka effectively hundreds of billions indirect subsidy over the decades paid by the american consumer).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#65 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#81
above also part of longer winded rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#83

In the early part of this century, there were claims that building autos was just excuse for auto loans ... that nearly all of the auto industry profits were made off their financial services. However, there was a scenario where the CFO of one of the institutions sold off a financial services unit just before his retirement ... which gave him large one-time bonus ... but drastically reduced the institutions bottom line going forward.

There has also been a lot of fiddling of public company financial filings to boost executive bonuses (ENRON, WORLDCOM, etc). Supposedly SOX was passed to preclude that going forward ... however it required that SEC do something. There are a lot of scenarios where SEC was in hibernation during the last decade ... including backing up the onerous SOX financial audits. However, even GAO apparently didn't think SEC was doing anything and started doing GAO reports of fraudulent public company financial filings (major motivation was boosting executive bonuses ... and even if later the audits were corrected ... the executive bonuses weren't corrected). The GAO reports showed an uptic in the rate of public company fraudulent financial filings (even after SOX). Choose one: 1) SOX audits had no effect on fraudulent filings, 2) SOX audits motivated the increase in fraudulent filings, or 3) if it weren't for SOX audits, all public company financial filings would be fraudulent

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Scanning JES3 JCL

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Scanning JES3 JCL
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 3 Nov 2011 15:39:40 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#84 Scanning JES3 JCL

i was brought into boeing hdqtrs summer of 1969 as part of helping get boeing computer services (BCS) up and running. they had machine room at hdqtrs (boeing field) with 360/30 for payroll and misc. other hdqtrs administration. It was built out to add a 1mbyte 360/67 for online (virtual machine) cp67/cms timesharing operation.

The big datacenter was down at Reaton field ... that summer 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed (there were constantly parts of 2-3 360/65s in the halls around the machine room all that summer) ... and they were starting to replicate it up at the 747 plant in Everett.

later I would sponsor Col. Boyd's briefings at IBM. His biographies has him in charge of spook base about the time I was at Boeing ... claimed to be a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (possibly $17+B inflation adjusted). old spook base reference (gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

the claimed picture in the above of 2250s ... is obviously wrong

my wife did stint in the G'burg JES group and was part of the catchers for ASP->JES3 product. She then was one of the JESUS (JES Unified System) authors ... all the features of JES2 & JES3, that customers couldn't live w/o, combined in single product. Never got past that stage because of the politics.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Nov, 2011
Subject: What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/P3hXPQ
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#32 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#51 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#54 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers

I think one of the reasons for people, ideas, technology .... was they could get technology so wrong; with people believing in technology just because it was technology (or possibly because they couldn't understand it). one example he would cite was initial heads-up display for F16 which turned out not to help the pilot but also hurt their performance. The issue was it had digital display of scrolling numbers ... which required the pilot to perform a whole load of distracting mental calculations and slowed the process down. Having people serving the technology ... not the technology serving the people.

A frequent disconnect is that the people involved in the technology have little understanding of how the people performing the task actually operate. Another example he would use was the air force air-to-air missile going into Vietnam. He reviewed it before it going into production (and prior to Vietnam); they claimed it would hit 100% of the time, he estimated 10% or less (the technologists had huge disconnect between live operation of air-to-air combat)

A periodic corollary in computer security is KISS & exploits/vulnerabilities are proportional to complexity. The extreme cases are vendors purposefully obfuscating their products ... making claims that aren't valid; another extreme form is the Success of Failure culture.
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

The air force air-to-air missile scenario with respect to Success Of failure was that the project got upset and went off and did it anyway. In Vietnam, it turned Boyd was correct. At one point, the one-star in Vietnam grounded all fighters and converted to Navy sidewinders (which had better than twice hit rate). Within 3months one-star was called on the carpet in the pentagon; he violated basic principle of pentagon ... budget share ... he was loosing fewer planes ... reducing air force budget share and even worse, the use of sidewinder was increasing navy budget share.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Innovation and iconoclasm

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Nov, 2011
Subject: Innovation and iconoclasm
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/DdgdXS
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#7 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#14 Innovation and iconoclasm

... with regard upthread reference using cp67/cms in 71/72 time-frame ... here is reference to name "cp/m" (early personal computer operating system ... supposedly Gates acquired a derivative of cp/m from seattle computing products for ms/dos) .. kildall (responsible for cp/m) used cp67/cms at navy postgraduate school in 72 ... gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

other archeology reference
http://inventors.about.com/od/computersoftware/a/Putting-Microsoft-On-The-Map.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Nov, 2011
Subject: There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/VwfZJ6

T. E. Lawrence and the Art of War in the Twenty-First Century
http://www.commandposts.com/2011/07/t-e-lawrence-and-the-art-of-war-in-the-twenty-first-century/

i was looking for speaker a decade or so ago ... and somebody recommended Warden ... as supposedly somewhat similar to Boyd's talk. I called him up and talked to him for awhile. He had commercial setup and would send out promotion VHS tape. I got the impression that he didn't care for me mentioning Boyd and OODA-loop.

As an aside, 2-3 days into Desert Storm US News & Reports ... had an article titled "The Fight To Change How America Fights" .... about John Boyd and mentioning the latest crop of majors and colonels as his Jedi-knights.

I've since seen references to Schwartzkopf' having "his" Jedi-knights.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 5 Nov, 2011
Subject: There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/VwfZJ6
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#90 There is much we can learn from TE Lawrence

one sixth into "Westmoreland, the general that lost vietnam" ... its done life history, vietnam period with massive jungle sweeps for body count ... that only encountered enemy when the enemy wanted to be found, and later in interviews would assets things that were different than written records. it will be interesting to see what the other 5/6ths of the book has to say. In the CSPAN2 program with the author, there was some reference that attributes chosen for peacetime warriors are different than conflict (and pentagon tends to be far removed from any conflict during all periods).

I've also recently encountered discussion of the massive footprint that US military requires to do anything ... the positive analogy is the (very few actual) warfighters are the point of the spear ... but the whole rest of the spear is required to be effective. This is quite the antithesis of much of both Boyd and Lawrence. Boyd could rant about technology ... "bad" technology where there was disconnect with the warfighter (like original F16 headsup display or the airforce air-to-air missile in vietnam) ... but also technology that was dependent on enormous footprint/infrastructure.

misc. past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Innovation and iconoclasm

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Nov, 2011
Subject: Innovation and iconoclasm
Blog: Boyd's Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/DdgdXS
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#7 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#14 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#89 Innovation and iconoclasm

a lot of time, bureaucracy is preserving status quo ... real innovation can obsolete current infrastructure. Long ago and far away, I was asked in to consult with one of the largest airline reservation systems ... that had a list of 10 "impossible" things that they wanted to do but couldn't (portion of airline res. system that accounted for 30% of the process). I went away, changed the paradigm and two months later came back with implementation that did all ten impossible things. They spent a year wringing their hands and eventually said that they didn't actually want me to do something ... they wanted just be able to tell the board (shared with airline operations) that i was consulting for the next five years (turns out one of the board members was somebody i had worked with in my youth).

Part of the problem was that they had nearly 1000 very highly specialized people doing manual operations. Those manual operations were the root of the ten impossible things being impossible. Changing the paradigm eliminated all the manual operations and then the ten impossible things became almost trivial. The change in paradigm also effectively commoditized that portion of the airline reservation system ... at the time still required a number of leading edge computers ... but for nearly a decade has easily fit on any smartphone.

Lots of status quo is having significant economic premium for something proprietary .... commoditizing will eliminate that premium justification. It is one of the major complaints about the current patent system ... originally justified for promoting innovation ... but increasingly being used today to inhibit innovation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

John R. Opel, RIP

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: John R. Opel, RIP
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 07 Nov 2011 14:40:08 -0500
hancock4 writes:
How would we assess his leadership?

Admittedly it's not an easy answer since some stuff (like the PC) was good but other stuff was bad (too much bloat).

Thoughts?


there is long-winded, long running thread over in (linkedin) "Greater IBM" rregarding the different chairmans. portion previously extracted here in the "Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary" thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#14

Cary, Opel, and Akers all participated significantly in the change in corporate culture after the FS failure (fiasco?). older post in the thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#60 Who was the Greatest IBM President and CEO of the last century?

Quote from Charles Ferguson and Charles Morris, Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World, Times Books, 1993:
Most corrosive of all, the old IBM candor died with F/S. Top management, particularly Opel, reacted defensively as F/S headed toward a debacle. The IBM culture that Watson had built was a harsh one, but it encouraged dissent and open controversy. But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

During FS, I periodically drew analogies to long-running cult film that had been playing continuously at a theater down in central sq (not far from tech sq & mit campus). In the mid-70s, I also drew analogies between the major corporate centers and blackholes ... although blackholes analogy didn't provide for corporate failures ... until the paper on blackholes "evaporating" was published.

Another indication was that Watson had made references to tolerating wild ducks ... after the FS failure their were references to wild ducks were tolerated as long as they flew in formation. In the recent 100yr celebration that included one video about wild ducks ... but it turned out to be a customer ... no mention at all regarding the earlier Watson references to wild duck employees.

misc. past future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Silicoin

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Silicoin
Newsgroups: comp.arch, sci.crypt
Date: Mon, 07 Nov 2011 14:45:38 -0500
EricP <ThatWouldBeTelling@thevillage.com> writes:
Or look at chips with a scanning tunneling microscope, or measure electric fields with scanning tunneling potentiometry.

Los Gatos lab in the first part of the 80s pioneered some of the use of scanning electron microscope for debugging chips (very close to 30yrs ago now). When it was built, it was considered one of the best located/scenic labs in the company ... during the corporate difficulties, it was sold off and is now housing development.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 7 Nov, 2011
Subject: At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/mk79ZS

CKD disks and half-duplex channels were major trade-off/compromise from the 60s. By the mid-70s the trade-offs had nearly inverted ... and CKD and half-duplex channels were archaic and obsolete ... but lived on because of ingrained legacy that wasn't able to change. There hasn't been real CKD disks manufactured for decades ... all being simulated on real FBA disks. The huge number of channels was something that somewhat started with the 3090 (trying to take a "bug" and re-position it as a feature). The end-to-end serialization of the channels coupled with the enormous processing overhead of the 3880 disk controllers ... made the 3090 engineers realize that they needed to nearly double the number of channels (since the serialization met than controller busy also translated to channel busy). This resulted in 3090 having to add an additional TCM, driving up the 3090 manufacturing cost (there were jokes about mainframe manufacturing billing the 3880 disk controller group for the increase in 3090 manufacturing cost).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

From my perspective in the 90s, I saw the mainframe group attempting to do extremely unnatural things to the basic fiber-channel, fully asynchronous, operation ... with layering mainframe channel FICON on top (it was fairly straight-forward to configure FCS asynchronous operations that nearly sustained media thruput concurrently in both directions).

Also, in the early 90s, when we were doing (IBM's) ha/cmp product, I was asked to write a section for the corporate continuous availability strategy document. The section got pulled because both Rochester (as./400) and POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the objectives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#16 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#17 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#33 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#35 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#37 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#39 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#42 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#45 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#46 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#54 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#27 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#9 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#43 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#52 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#6 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970




previous, next, index - home