List of Archived Posts

2012 Newsgroup Postings (01/28 - 02/16)

Happy Challenger Day
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Why Threat Modelling fails in practice
CSC History
The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
The PC industry is heading for collapse
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
Time To Scrap SSL?
The PC industry is heading for collapse
"Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
The PC industry is heading for collapse
The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
Death From Above
PC industry is heading for more change
PC industry is heading for more change
CSC History
Strategy subsumes culture
M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
New IBM mainframe instructions
The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
New IBM mainframe instructions
PC industry is heading for more change
New IBM mainframe instructions
The PC industry is heading for collapse
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Entropy and #SocialMedia
RFC6507 Ellipitc Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures
PC industry is heading for more change
PC industry is heading for more change
PC industry is heading for more change
PC industry is heading for more change
Are rotating register files still a bad idea?
Strategy subsumes culture
Where are all the old tech workers?
What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
What s going on in the redbooks site?
Where are all the old tech workers?
Driver's licenses for the Internet
What s going on in the redbooks site?
France to Google: Free is Evil
What s going on in the redbooks site?
Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
Can America Lead the World's Fight Against Corruption?
The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard
What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Why can't the track format be changed?
Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
An approach to Dump formatting of Control Blocks
PC industry is heading for more change
Why can't the track format be changed?
Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
PKI and SSL - the jaws of trust snap shut
Four Sources of Trust, Crypto Not Scaling
Password shortcomings
Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization
IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
The Winds of Reform
IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
The PC industry is heading for collapse
The PC industry is heading for collapse
CSSMTP and AUTH LOGIN smtp command
U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Mathematics < Integrity = Financial Fraud
The PC industry is heading for collapse
A Conversation with Peter Thiel
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Spontaneous conduction
The Benefit and The Burden
Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
The PC industry is heading for collapse
IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
The PC industry is heading for collapse
The PC industry is heading for collapse
Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
public key, encryption and trust
Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
Infographic: Online payment security
The PC industry is heading for collapse
5 Byte Device Addresses?
New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
5 Byte Device Addresses?

Happy Challenger Day

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Jan, 2012
Subject: Happy Challenger Day
Blog: Facebook
Happy Challenger Day

....

there was parody after shuttle disaster that somebody in the queen's court convinced her that columbus's ships had to be built in the mountains (where the trees were), then sawed into three sections for transportation to the harbor ... and glued back together and then launched (as opposed to transporting the trees from the mountains to the harbor for construction of the ships). enormous resources then were focused on technology of gluing a ship back together after it had been sawed into three pieces (as opposed to deciding that ships could be built in the harbor and avoid having to saw them into pieces at all).

the parody was the only reason that o-rings were required at all ... was because congress mandated that the booster rockets to be built near the rockies ... and then transported to the cape (requiring them to be in sections for transportation; resulting in the o-rings when they were assembled).

more has been written recently about main activity in projects is to dribble pieces of project in each state to have them cancel proof in congress (something recent that there are only 4-5 states that don't have piece of f35) ... and there are significant downside with bits&pieces done all over, instead of in one place.

part of lore that congress is the most corrupt institution on earth

... disclaimer I had HSDT project that included transponder on SBS4 that went up on 41-D ... misc past posts mentioning HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

misc. past posts mentioning 41-D &/or SBS4
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#27 Tysons Corner, Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#28 Western Union data communications?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#29 IBM 3725 Comms. controller - Worth saving?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#76 1950s AT&T/IBM lack of collaboration?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#14 Ping: Anne & Lynn Wheeler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#23 Health care and lies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#21 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#17 Ethernet, Aloha and CSMA/CD -
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#26 IBM microwave application--early data communications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#24 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#55 5963 (computer grade dual triode) production dates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#16 Why I use a Mac, anno 2006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#31 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#41 Year-end computer bug could ground Shuttle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#61 Damn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#64 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#20 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#44 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#27 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#76 And, 40 years of IBM midrange
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#36 U.S. students behind in math, science, analysis says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#57 watches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#58 watches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#69 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#12 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#51 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#32 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#76 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#61 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#77 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 Jan, 2012
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Exports
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

from somebody's comment in ibm-main mailings list that IBM finds selling Intel blades more profitable than selling z/Series

Mainframe Linux: How to Save a Million Dollars!
http://www.mainframezone.com/it-management-spotlight/mainframe-linux-how-to-save-a-million-dollars1

and also thread in ibm-main mailing list

zEnterprise Use Cases Start Rolling In
http://dancingdinosaur.wordpress.com/2012/01/27/zenterprise-use-cases-start-rolling-in/

from above:
At the same time IBM unveiled the recent use cases, it also offered some details on zEnterprise and hybrid computing adoption. For example, approximately 100 organizations took zBX cabinets and over 950 blades have been shipped. Last fall that number stood at around 80 zBX cabinets shipped. And despite weak sales performance in the Q411, the amount of z MIPS shipped in 2011 still grew 16%. Also, a full complement of zBX blades now are shipping: POWER7, System x blades for Linux and for Windows, and specialized blades like the IDAA and DataPower.

... snip ...

from long ago and far away ... I was trying to doing project that allowed arbitrary mixes of 370 processor and non-370 processor in racks ... i was also doing project that was working with NSF on what would become NSFNET backbone (technology basis for modern internet is tcp/ip, operational basis for modern internet was NSFNET backbone, and business basis for modern internet was CIX). old email about scheduling conflict having to choose between giving presentation to director of NSF and running meeting on mixed racks of 370s and non-370s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email850315

other recent posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#53 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#55 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#60 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#64 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#66 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#67 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#69 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#82 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#86 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#90 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#96 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Sat, 28 Jan 2012 21:04:53 -0500
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Nice. By "lying" I'm referring to systems that indicate that they're ready for use, when trying to use them at that point results in extremely sluggish response (10 to 30 seconds) because the initialization routines are still thrashing the hard disk. In extreme cases, like a mainframe system I once worked on, attempts to log in were completely ignored until initialization had completed, which was long after the "ready" message was displayed.

from recent post in a.f.c. thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#12 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?

from ibmjargon
bad response - n. A delay in the response time to a trivial request of a computer that is longer than two tenths of one second. In the 1970s, IBM 3277 display terminals attached to quite small System/360 machines could service up to 19 interruptions every second from a user I measured it myself. Today, this kind of response time is considered impossible or unachievable, even though work by Doherty, Thadhani, and others has shown that human productivity and satisfaction are almost linearly inversely proportional to computer response time. It is hoped (but not expected) that the definition of Bad Response will drop below one tenth of a second by 1990.

... snip ...

other posts in the thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#11 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#13 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#76 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#88 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#102 The PC industry is heading for collapse

misc. posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldg. 14&15 on main plant site:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
recent reference to plant site (bldg 14&15 still standing) ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?

there was a similar (but different) problem with 3880 disk controller ... it was suppose to be within +/- five percent performance of 3830 disk controller; 3830 had fast horizontal microcode engine ... for the 3880, they did special hardware path for data transfer put control operations were done by slow vertical microcode engine. As part of making the 3880 disk controller look faster ... it would signal end-of-operation interrupt early to the processor ... while it was still busy doing stuff (hoping to get done with what it was doing while the processor was handling the interrupt and before it attempted to start the next operation.

I had special fastpath to redrive queued request ... and it was hitting the controller before it had finished; since it was still busy ... it would respond with SM+BUSY (controller busy) and then would present subsequent interrupt when it was actually finished. past posts mentioning SM+BUSY "problem" (all of which further aggravated the problem with 3880 being slower than 3830):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#75 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?>
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#40 inter-block gaps on DASD tracks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#43 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#15 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#61 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#37 Callable Wait State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#0 IBM 3380 and 3880 maintenance docs needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#29 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#25 What is "command reject" trying to tell me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#28 What is "command reject" trying to tell me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#52 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#17 Broken hardware was Re: Broken Brancher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#52 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#30 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#120 Start Interpretive Execution

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Threat Modelling fails in practice

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 29 Jan, 2012
Subject: Why Threat Modelling fails in practice
Blog: Financial Bryptography
Why Threat Modelling fails in practice
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001357.html

I've several times mentioned being called in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on the server; they had also invented "SSL" they wanted to use and it is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

Somewhat as a result, in the mid-90s, we were invited to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for ALL retail payments. We did some amount of detailed, end-to-end, threat & vulnerability studies of all the different kinds of retail payments (skimming, evesdropping, data breaches, point-of-sale, internet, unattended, face-to-face, etc).

The result was the x9.59 financial transaction standard. It did nothing to address/prevent the skimming, evesdropping, data breaches and other kinds of threats ... where the attacker uses the information to perform fraudulent financial transactions. What it did do was make the information useless to the crooks. Some past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

Now the major use of "SSL" in the world today has been hiding transaction information (during transmission) as countermeasure to attackers harvesting the information for fraudulent financial transactions. x9.59 doesn't stop or prevent the harvesting ... it just eliminates the usefulness of the information to the attackers (eliminates their ability to use the information for fraudulent financial transactions) ... and therefor eliminates the need to hide transaction information and also eliminates that need for SSL use.

for the fun of it ... overlap between continuous availability, electronic commerce, and supercomputers. we were doing this high-availability (environmental threats, failures, attacks, threats & vulnerability, everything possible), cluster scaleup effort ... we call ha/cmp. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

this included inventing the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability when we were out marketing ... some past posts on continuous availability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#available

old post mentioning jan92 meeting in Ellison's conference room on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

now two of the people in the meeting later leave and show up at small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server (and want to do payment transactions on the server).

right the end of jan92, the cluster scaleup part is transferred and we are told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... possibly within hrs of the last email in this collection cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

and a couple weeks later the cluster scaleup is announced as supercomputer ... press item 17Feb92
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
some more press later that spring
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2
this was a major motivation for deciding to leave

later we consult with the two people from ellison's conference room meeting (now responsible for "commerce server"). now part of the electronic commerce was something called payment gateway ... handled financial transactions between webservers and and payment networks ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

the gateway was replicated for no-single-point-of-failure with multiple connections into different parts of the internet backbone ... as well as multiple layers of hardening against lots of kinds attacks. One of the scenarios was that hardening required casting lots of things in concrete as countermeasure to various kinds of attacks (involving corruption of service) while at the same time being able to agile change and adapt when there were various kinds of failures.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSC History

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 29 Jan, 2012
Subject: CSC History
Blog: Cambridge Scientific Center Alumni
CSC Alumni is "closed" group ... also in this z/VM (open group) "Before the PC: IBM invents virtualization" disucssion
http://lnkd.in/kqjVZV

I've ocr'ed the scan of Les' paper, fixed up some minor things and have it up as
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

with respect to "sharing" as an aside ... in the early 70s, I did paged mapped filesystem for cp67/cms at the science center and then ported it to vm370. some old email (one of my hobbies was making production systems available to internal data centers ... in this case, CSC/VM):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430 ..

During the future system period ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

lots of 370 activities were shutdown ... but then in the wake of the demise of FS ... there was mad rush to get things back into the 370 product pipelines ... which contributed to picking up bits&pieces of what I had been doing and shipping in the product. Part of that was a small subset of the paged mapped filesystem & sharing being released as DCSS in VM370 release 3 (w/o the paged mapped part). misc. past posts mentioning the paged mapped stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The round wheels industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 29 Jan 2012 11:35:59 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
Good argument for print on demand. The author isn't making money on used copies of an out-of-print book. Unfortunately, digitizing something that's only stored on dead trees would probably cost more than the anyone could ever make from it.

I was at presentation last fall discussing having gotten print-on-demand down to $1 for most books ... they mentioned that it costs Harvard library over $2/book to reshelve books.

digitize costs about 10cents/page, about $30/book, done in an hour
http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-oe-morrison-brewster-kahle-20120128,0,4242619.column

old post on subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#39 book machines

past posts mentioning Pecora hearings had been scanned the fall of 2008 at Boston Public library:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#59 As bonuses...why breed greed, when others are in dire need?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#40 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#73 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#53 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#49 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#68 Bernanke Hearings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#36 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#88 Fed Report Finds Speculators Played Big Role in Housing Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#93 World faces 1930-type Depression

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 29 Jan, 2012
Subject: Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
Blog: Greater IBM
Clouds are somewhat more like CP67/CMS ... where users where given their own online, interconnected, CMS personal environment (cross between cloud and dedicated hardware PC) ... x-over from myth of work-life balance:

for a little additional historic drift ...

before ms/dos there was seattle computer,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before cp/m there was cp67/cms
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M

kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School

cp67/cms
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

note that the above mentions CTSS is common ancestor to a number of things.

above mentions first release may 1968, however three people came out from cambridge science center the last week of jan 1968 and installed cp67/cms at the univ. ... misc. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

During spring and summer of 1968 I managed to rewrite major sections of CP67 ... and then did a presentation at the IBM user-group "SHARE" meeting: SHARE/GUIDE 27 Meeting, Oct. 28-Nov. 1, 1968 Atlantic City, New Jersey

part of the the presentation previously posted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

There were quite a few "private" cp67 clouds .... as well as a couple "public" cp67 clouds in the 60s.

One of the earliest clouds was the cambridge science center cp67 operation ... which was combination "private" cloud (for internal operation) as well as "public" cloud available to non-employees (staff/students/etc) at various univ. in the cambridge area.

The science center had also ported apl360 to cms as cmsapl, opening up workspace size from 16kbytes to virtual address size, adding APIs to access system services (like file input/output), etc ... opening things up to more real-world applications. One of the first was the business planners in Armonk loading the most valuable corporate data on the Cambridge system (customer details) and doing business modeling. This required some amount of security to keep non-employees away from the most valuable corporate data.

recent item mentioning CTSS

The world's first computer password? It was useless, too
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2012/01/the-worlds-first-computer-password-it-was-useless-too.ars

and looks like cp40 seas 82 paper looks like it will be going up shortly
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/share/

cp40 was done on 360/40 modified with virtual memory hardware ... later when 360/67 standard with virtual memory, cp40 morphs into cp67 (later cp67 morphs into vm370)

Both business/commercial cloud apps ... as well as scientific/supercomputer cloud apps. From Mainframe Experts (long winded) "Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes":
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU
this is recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#78

that Amazon allowed scientific/supercomputer to be created "on demand" ... that was the 42nd largest supercomputer in the world
http://news.cnet.com/8301-13846_3-57349321-62/amazon-takes-supercomputing-to-the-cloud/

part of thread that some of the cloud mega-datacenters may individually have more aggregate processing power than the aggregate of all currently installed mainframes.

for more on (on-demand) cp40, cp67, vm370, etc ... x-over from z/VM thread
http://lnkd.in/kqjVZV

most recent post in thread has OCR'ed copy of cp40 paper presented at 1982 seas meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Sun, 29 Jan 2012 14:30:38 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse

cp/67 was installed at the univ 44yrs ago this week.

"Before the PC: IBM invents virtualization" discussion in the (linkedin) z/VM group
http://lnkd.in/kqjVZV

also mentions that I've OCR'ed copy of Comeau's CP40 paper given at 1982 SEAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

past posts mentioning "Before the PC" ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#54 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#63 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#1 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#107 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 29 Jan, 2012
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

trivia ... person doing much of the visicalc implementation:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VisiCalc

had been at MIT and then was at IDC ... one of the first two (virtual machine based) cp67 commercial online service bureaus.

I was recently sent a scan of CP40 (precursor to cp67 & vm370) paper by the author ... given at 1982 SEAS meeting (aka European SHARE) and I've OCR'ed it and put it up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

I would say that terminal emulation did as much to make the ibm/pc ... it was no brainer for company to switch a 3270 business case to ibm/pc with terminal emulation ... about the same price, and in the same desktop footprint provided the 3270 terminal function along with some local computing. My brother was regional marketing rep for Apple and when he would come into town ... I would sometimes go to business dinners ... and get to argue the terminal emulation point with MAC developers (even before MAC was announced).

Recent post in (linkedin) Greater IBM "Can a business be democratic? Tom Wason Sr. thought so" discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#104

mentioning that the communication group in the late 80s, trying to protect its terminal emulation install base ... was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. misc. past posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

recent posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#90 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#96 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#101 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#1 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The round wheels industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 29 Jan 2012 21:00:11 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
Good article! I wondered who was behing the Internet Archive. I think he's talking about the cost of scanning and OCR. In my experience with their stuff the quality of the OCR varies all over the lot. I've reconstructed a couple of books from their text, and it was still several days of work to clean up the text and reformat it to look good.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#5 The round wheels industry is heading for collapse

i ran into him when he was still at thinking machines and doing wais ... he then left and started wais inc ... the office was old house in menlo park just across the palo alto line east of el camino ... aol then bought wais inc ... and was able to start the wayback machine ... and also start the print-on-demand books.

a couple wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thinking_Machines_Corporation
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wide_area_information_server
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Archive

they moved into a former church in sanfran with a server on the altar
http://www.archive.org/details/InternetArchiveNewBuildingAt300Funston
http://www.archive.org/details/300FunstonStSanFranciscoCa

i was at presentation that internet archive originated the servers in a container
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Modular_Datacenter

internet archive bookmobile
http://www.archive.org/texts/bookmobile.php

All 50 State Librarians Vote to Form Alliance With Internet Archive's Open Library
http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2011/11/ebooks/all-50-state-librarians-vote-to-form-alliance-with-internet-archives-open-library/

Internet Archive Opens 1.6 Million E-Books to Kids with OLPC Laptops
http://www.xconomy.com/boston/2009/10/24/internet-archive-opens-1-6-million-e-books-to-olpc-laptops/

from above:
The Internet Archive operates 20 scanning centers in five countries, where hundreds of workers are manually scanning books from public and university libraries, mostly public-domain works for which the copyright term has expired. It collects these books at its Open Access Text Archive. It also makes them available to people in developing nations via a network of satellite-connected print-on-demand "bookmobiles."

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Jan, 2012
Subject: Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#6 Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle

recent article

Before jumping into cloud, learn from the SOA experience ZDNet
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/service-oriented/before-jumping-into-cloud-learn-from-the-soa-experience/8438

now in this blog:

Why Threat Modelling fails in practice
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001357.htm

I've added a little piece about x-over between continuous availability, electronic commerce, and supercomupters.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#3 Why Threat Modelling fails in practice

Part of the electronic commerce activity was something called a "payment gateway" ... which I claim was the original SOA ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#gateway

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2012 10:43:14 -0500
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
The silliest thing of all is roundabouts with lights on them. Some years back a large roundabout at the junction of two major roads into the town I lived in then gained traffic lights, at first peak time only. The result was that the major roads both developed long tailbacks every morning when they never had before. The strangest part is that instead of removing (or just turning off) the traffic lights in response to this, the lights were switched from peak time only to full time a few months later.

way back when they were extending I93 to tobin bridge (in boston) they realized that the bridge was major choke point ... with I95 merging at tobin bridge from the north before the bridge and lots of that traffic exiting to the south just after the bridge ... while I93 would merge from the west and continue straight ahead after the bridge. Not only did the two interstates have traffic flow reduce to significantly fewer number of lanes ... but that on the bridge there would be major traffic X-pattern on the bridge.

There was consideration to just terminate the construction ... but then somebody did analysis that the state would have to pay more in penalties terminating the contract than they would have to pay completing I93 (federal payed 90% of interstate construction but nothing for contract penalties). It was lot of hand-waving that the completed I93 would never meet interstate specifications because of the enormous choke point at the bridge merge (the completed section reduced to one-lane 30MPH to deal with choke point ... that is when it wasn't backed up stop&go during rush hour).

Later the "Big Dig" on the other side of the bridge, costs appeared to inflate 1000% ... supposedly the senior senator from the state made some statement that it (1000% cost inflation) was federal econonmic gift/stimulus for the state.

The bridge also had something of checkered past ... at one point it was shutdown for a period after an overloaded dump truck slammed into one of the supports. Investigation reporting was that trucking industry had enormous violations ... regularly overloading, faulty equipment, faulty brakes.

recent comment from volcker about civil engineers would appear to apply to all sorts of engineering and infrastructure projects (in case of "Big Dig" ... it appeared to be nearly everything)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Who originate the phrase "user=friendly"?

even more (traffic, choke point) topic drift ... the coyote valley choke point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?
from this (linkedin) "Old Geek" discussion
http://lnkd.in/5iXpFi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Jan, 2012
Subject: Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
Blog: Boyd Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/9SqQJi

I was fortunate to be in silicon valley during the 70s & 80s when things were much more relaxed ... we could have closed conferences where people (from competing firms) would bring unannounced products ... where we could play with each others toys ... and provide criticism/feedback.

I've made reference in "Here's an oldie but a goodie"
http://lnkd.in/VTAKSP

to this thread in (linkedin) Greater IBM (closed group) "Can a business be democratic? Tom Watson Sr. thought so" ... references this article:
http://www.mbiconcepts.com/2/post/2012/01/tom-watson-sr-essays-on-leadership-democracy-in-business.html

In this archived posting in the discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#104

I mention that the internal corporate culture started to significantly change after the failure of the FS project. I also relate experience trying to get employee education dept. to sponsor Boyd's first briefing at IBM ... and they eventually decided I should restrict attendance to just senior members of competitive analysis departments (not only adversary focus with other corporations ... but an adversarial culture within the corporation).

Other posts in the thread reference that what little was left of the Watson culture was pretty well eradicated with the corporate resurrection in the early 90s.

The first briefing, Boyd didn't yet have Organic Design for Command and Control ... just Patterns of Conflict, subsequent briefings he would cram the evolving Organic Design for Command and Control in the same day with Patterns of Conflict.

In Organic Design, he would highlight Corporate America was starting to suffer from US army entry into WW2 with rigid, top&own command and control structure ... attempting to leverage the few skilled resources and assuming everybody at the bottom had little skill & experience.

In the 80s, could start to see an adversarial culture between executives and employees, corporations and customers as well as between corporations. Organic Design theme was that it didn't have to be that way.

However, the theme has been used to explain a report a couple years ago that the ratio of top executive compensation to worker compensation had exploded to 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time (and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world; I think Madrick's "Age of Greed" claimed it even spiked over 500:1).

past Boyd posts&web references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Jan, 2012
Subject: We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
Blog: Boyd Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/-UVjin
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#5 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#6 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]

for a little Steele/Spinney/F35
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/01/chuck-spinney-f-35-out-of-everything-except-money/
F-35: Out of Altitude, Airspeed, and Ideas -- But Never Money
http://battleland.blogs.time.com/2012/01/30/f-35-out-of-altitude-airspeed-and-ideas-but-never-money/?iid=bl-article-latest

and for something totally different:

How America made its children crazy
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NA31Dj01.html

from above:
If China replaces us at the pre-eminent world power, it will happen because their children are smarter, more persevering, more ambitious and tougher than ours. And we will have no-one to blame but ourselves for handing our kids over to quacks and snake-oil salesmen.

... snip ...

another take on economy

Bernanke merits a rant
http://atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NA31Dj02.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2012 19:49:28 -0500
Paul <pssawyer@comcast.net.INVALID> writes:
I don't think I95 ever reached the Tobin Bridge, as originally planned. The final northeast connector segment was never built, and eventually they decided to just run I95 into MA 128 and around the city on the existing MA 128 nightmare, as it has remained to this day.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse

yep, fading memory, it was rt1 over tobin bridge and then they added i93. i95 comes down and merges with rt128 around boston

big dig:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Dig

from above:
The Big Dig was the most expensive highway project in the U.S. and was plagued by escalating costs, scheduling overruns, leaks, design flaws, charges of poor execution and use of substandard materials, criminal arrests,[2][3] and even four deaths.[4] The project was scheduled to be completed in 1998[5] at an estimated cost of $2.8 billion (in 1982 dollars, US$6.0 billion adjusted for inflation as of 2006).[6] The project was not completed, however, until December 2007, at a cost of over $14.6 billion ($8.08 billion in 1982 dollars)[6]as of 2006.[7] The Boston Globe estimated that the project will ultimately cost $22 billion, including interest, and that it will not be paid off until 2038.[8] As a result of the deaths, leaks, and other design flaws, the consortium that oversaw the project agreed to pay $407 million in restitution, and several smaller companies agreed to pay a combined sum of approximately $51 million.[9]

... snip ...

just another in the growing Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
and
http://www.nextgov.com/nextgov/ng_20080220_1637.php

past posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#76 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#88 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#102 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#2 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#7 The PC industry is heading for collapse

past posts mentioning growing Success of Failure culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#41 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#38 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#5 Off-topic? When governments ask computers for an answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#0 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#32 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#34 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#36 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#33 China Builds Fleet of Small Warships While U.S. Drifts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#48 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#8 The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#17 Washington's Cult of Continuous Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#30 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#39 Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#66 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#145 What's Wrong With the US Defense R&D Budget?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2012 20:16:32 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
just another in the growing Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
and
http://www.nextgov.com/nextgov/ng_20080220_1637.php


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse

other Success of Failure culture
http://lnkd.in/-UVjin

for a little Steele/Spinney/F35
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/01/chuck-spinney-f-35-out-of-everything-except-money/
F-35: Out of Altitude, Airspeed, and Ideas -- But Never Money
http://battleland.blogs.time.com/2012/01/30/f-35-out-of-altitude-airspeed-and-ideas-but-never-money/?iid=bl-article-latest
F-35: Out of Altitude, Airspeed, and Ideas -- But Never Money
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2012/01/f-35-out-of-altitude-airspeed-and-ideas.html

and for something totally different:

How America made its children crazy
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NA31Dj01.html

from above:
If China replaces us at the pre-eminent world power, it will happen because their children are smarter, more persevering, more ambitious and tougher than ours. And we will have no-one to blame but ourselves for handing our kids over to quacks and snake-oil salesmen.

... snip ...

another take on economy

Bernanke merits a rant
http://atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NA31Dj02.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Jan, 2012
Subject: Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/9dYGBcBySXw

says bring back Glass-Steagall

Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
http://www.businessinsider.com/interview-of-mr-john-reed-regarding-banking-fixing-the-game-2012-1

from above:
BILL MOYERS: Sounds to me like you're calling the Glass-Steagall Act back from the grave. JOHN REED: I think I am. (At this point, he still could not say it "shit")

... snip ...

lot more:
http://billmoyers.com/tag/glass-steagall/

Glass-Steagall was designed to protect the institutions, the economy, and the country from unscrupulous speculators taking enormous risks. The individuals walked away with enormous compensation (in aggregate in the trillions) leaving the institutions, the economy, the country and the taxpayers holding the bag. Recent comments in the news that return of Glass-Steagall could make banks more profitable ... is somewhat obfuscation and misdirection .... it was individuals/predators that benefited the most from the high risk environment (studies claiming wall street has high percentage of sociopaths/psychopaths) ... skimming trillions out of the economy

past posts mentioning Glass-Steagall:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#1 Banks Awash in Cash, Which Isn't Good News
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#52 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#77 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#82 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#36 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#37 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#51 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#52 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#62 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#77 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#9 The Dumbest Idea In The World: Maximizing Shareholder Value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#28 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#72 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#93 World faces 1930-type Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#131 The Times E-Mails Millions by Mistake to Say Subscriptions Were Canceled
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#146 IBM Manuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#0 Revolution Through Banking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Time To Scrap SSL?

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 Jan, 2012
Subject: Time To Scrap SSL?
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/bLuAYAhXgeq

Time To Scrap SSL?
http://www.informationweek.com/news/security/management/232602000

a little overlap with this google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/ZGzUxo4yFbW
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#98 Google works on Internet standards with TCP proposals, SPDY standardization

Dark Reading reference:

The Future of Web Authentication; Many security experts believe the Internet's trust model is broken. Figuring out how to fix it will take time and collaboration
http://www.darkreading.com/security/client-security/232500640/the-future-of-web-authentication.html?itc=edit_stub

recent posts mentioning ssl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#97 Is SSL Cert Holder ID Verification A Joke?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#98 Google works on Internet standards with TCP proposals, SPDY standardization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#103 Google works on Internet standards with TCP proposals, SPDY standardization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#3 Why Threat Modelling fails in practice

other past post mentiong SSL certs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Tue, 31 Jan 2012 06:53:46 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
yep, fading memory, it was rt1 over tobin bridge and then they added i93. i95 comes down and merges with rt128 around boston

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse

maybe fading memory ... but this says that northeast expressway had been designated I95:
http://www.bostonroads.com/roads/northeast/

from above:
Excluding the Tobin Bridge, the Northeast Expressway and the Revere Beach Spur - totaling 4.9 miles in length - were estimated to cost $15 million.

Construction of the Tobin Memorial Bridge and its approaches began in 1948, and two years later, the span was opened to traffic. Immediately thereafter, work began on constructing the connections to the south. While the ramps to the dual-deck "High Bridge" of the Central Artery were completed in 1953, they did not open to traffic until the first section of the Central Artery opened in 1955.


... snip ...

and ...
In 1973, the I-95 designation on the Northeast Expressway was removed following the cancellation of I-95 within MA 128 (Yankee Division Highway). The US 1 designation first appeared on the expressway in 1976.

... snip ...

and ...
I-95 in Charlestown between the Tobin Bridge and the Storrow Drive exit ramps from the Central Artery is presently a source of frustration to peak-period motorists. Severe congestion also occurs in the Sumner and Callahan tunnels, as commuters frequently face long lines of stopped traffic stretching the length of the tunnel. It is clear that major harbor crossing improvements are needed to handle today's traffic satisfactorily, let alone the increases projected to occur by 1990.

... snip ...

and other posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#76 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#88 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#102 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#2 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#7 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 31 Jan, 2012
Subject: "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
Blog: Facebook
"Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/buffett-tax-and-truth-in-numbers/2012/01/29/gIQAikL5aQ_story.html

Books on S&L crises have wallstreet inventing junk bonds to soak up money from S&Ls that had reserve requirements cut in half ... and needed some place to stash the money ... Triple-A rated toxic CDOs (mortgage back securities) were similar ... but also it moved mortgage transactions to wallstreet where they had new source of enormous fees and commissions on the estimatad $27T in the triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions done during the bubble (somewhat rolling stone's analogy for wallstreet as vampires) ... also claims that the industry tripled in size as percent of GDP (during the bubble).

Possibly because GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything (even after Sarbanes-Oxley) during the last decade, they started doing reports of fraudulent/problem public company financial filings ... that showed uptic (even after SOX_. Explanation was that the fraudulent financial filings boosted executive compensation ... which wasn't adjusted even if filings were later corrected
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/gao-06-1079sp/

This corresponds with report that ratio of top executive compensation to workers compensation exploded to 400:1 after being 20:1 for a long time (and 10:1 in much of the rest of the world, "Age of Greed" claimed ratio spiked over 500:1)

in the early 90s there supposedly was something like 470 on the IBM executive bonus plan. there was some criticism that in '93 they were totally focused on shifting expenses from '94 into '93 ... so '94 would show some profit and they would have a bonus.

shifting mortgage business to wallstreet as estimated $27T in triple-A toxic CDOs transactions allowed skimming off possibly $4T-$5T in commissions and fees ... however the damage done the world's economy was far in excess of the $5T that they may have skimmed off.
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

past posts mentioning vampire squid analogy and/or estimated $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#52 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#53 We Can't Subsidize the Banks Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#10 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#21 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#49 IBM to Build Europe, Asia 'Smart Infrastructure'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#21 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#4 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#5 alphas was: search engine history, was Happy DEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#10 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#11 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#26 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#74 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#15 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#33 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#69 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#76 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#15 The Revolving Door and S.E.C. Enforcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#27 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#34 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#46 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#48 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#53 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#56 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#29 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#17 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#80 Chinese and Indian Entrepreneurs Are Eating America's Lunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#43 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#45 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#21 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#7 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#74 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#43 Massive Fraud, Common Crime, No Prosecutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#66 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#71 Pressing Obama, House Bars Rise for Debt Ceiling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#5 Home prices may drop another 25%, Shiller predicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#24 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#16 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#33 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#38 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#39 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#40 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#44 S&P Downgrades USA; Time to Downgrade S&P?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#50 How Many Divisions Does Standard and Poors Have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#2 First Website Launched 20 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#16 Feds Launch Probe Into S&P Mortgage Rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#60 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#52 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#57 The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#73 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#77 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#82 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#28 Confidence in banking: the EU500 supernote, or, we're all money launderers now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#36 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#37 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#38 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#60 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#68 Building a Better America-One Wealth Quintile at a Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#73 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#76 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#77 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#3 The Obama Spending Non-surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#23 Security 2012: Blood in the Water
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#70 No One Telling Who Took $586B in Fed Swaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#88 Fed Report Finds Speculators Played Big Role in Housing Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#92 Bank Failures Cost $88 Billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#130 vampires in financial infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#135 Estimate that WW1 cost $52B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#144 Fingerspitzengefühl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#32 Wall Street Bonuses May Reach Lowest Level in 3 Years

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Tue, 31 Jan 2012 14:56:33 -0500
Stan Barr <plan.b@dsl.pipex.com> writes:
Someone once said that the beginning of all great discoveries is not "eureka!" but "hmm, that looks odd...".

"Perhaps what is significant is not the ability to sit down and plan invention but the ability to recognize innovation when it occurs spontaneously" -- Les Comeau

from Intro to his "CP/40 - The Original of VM/370" given at 1982 SEAS meeting. He recently sent me a scan of the presentation, I've OCR'ed it, fixed up some glitches and it is up at
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

recent posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#2 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#7 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#18 The PC industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The round wheels industry is heading for collapse

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 31 Jan 2012 15:12:14 -0500
Patrick Scheible <kkt@zipcon.net> writes:
I don't believe 10 cents per page. It costs 15 cents a page just to make self-serve photocopies. If you account for the labor costs it's much more. Especially if the original is problematic and requires some time fussing with the settings to get a good scan.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#5 The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#9 The round wheels industry is heading for collapse

see followup post ... they have 20 scanning centers in five countries and have made quite a bit of progress in automated scanning machines.

reference to their book scanning robot from 2004:
http://www.archive.org/details/scanning_robot

there is also a reference to machine here (along with number of references)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_scanning

another reference:
http://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/hardware/bookscanning-robots-digitize-delicate-texts

this claims throughput rates as high as 1160 pages/hr (approx. 20pgs/min)
http://library.stanford.edu/depts/dlss/bookscanning/
another Stanford reference
http://speaking.stanford.edu/Back_Issues/SOC67/library/Robotic_Book_Scanner.html

scanning at 2500pgs/hr
http://treventus.com/bookscanner_pageturner.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Death From Above

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 31 Jan, 2012
Subject: Death From Above
Blog: Facebook
Death From Above; The West and the Rest
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/death-from-above
refs:
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/drone-attacks-and-just-war-theory
http://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/addicted-to-drones

currently reading Heather's "Fall of Roman Empire"
http://www.amazon.com/Fall-Roman-Empire-Barbarians-ebook/dp/B000SEI0JQ

... describes composite bow that came into use by a number of forces, able to kill at much greater range
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Composite_bow

Mentions (pg.156) composite bows in length from 80cm to 160cm (length providing range/force), but cavalry was limited to about 100cm (w/o hitting body of horse). Hun invention(?) was asymmetric cavalry 130cm bow ... allowed killing out of enemy range.

other recent drone refs:

Is there a Defense Against Drones?
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2012/01/is-there-a-defense-against-drones.html
How Drones Could Change Carriers
http://blog.usni.org/2012/01/29/how-drones-could-change-carriers/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Tue, 31 Jan 2012 22:16:39 -0500
The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> writes:
Britain got invaded for its metals - it was a gold copper tin and silver mining country with easy sea access.

When steel/iron got to be the thing it wasn't worth keeping.

Rome contracted to really just Rome and Egypt - again sea routes for wheat imports etc. Then Rome sort of moved to Constantinople and modern Italy was born and frankly hasn't changed a lot since ;-)

Pretty standard story of any normal Empire.


currently reading Heather's "The Fall of the Roman Empire",
http://www.amazon.com/Fall-Roman-Empire-Barbarians-ebook/dp/B000SEI0JQ

It has region got so big it divided into administration centers/capitals ... rome was symbolic/ceremonial

pg28
As late as AD 249 there were still only 250 senior bureaucratic functionaries in the entire Empire. By the year 400, just 150 years later, there were 6,000. Most operated at the major imperial headquarters from which the key frontiers were supervised: not in Rome, therefore, but, depending on the emperor, at Trier and/or Milan for the Rhine, Sirmium or increasingly Constantinople for the Danube, and Antioch for the east. It was no longer the Senate of Rome, but the comitatensian commanders, concentrated on key frontiers, and the senior bureaucrats, gathered in the capitals from which these frontiers were administered, who settled the political fate of the Empire.

... snip ...

vandals/alans cross into western africa from spain at gilbralter and then over a period of years made their way towards Carthage (apparently undetected)

pg273
Carthage and its agricultural hinterland were responsible for feeding the bloated capital of Empire. But keeping the capital fed was no more than a specific application of a much more general point. By the fourth century AD, North Africa had become the economic powerhouse of the Roman west

... snip ...

At a point when most of the military had been pulled from Carthage for some campaign ... the vandal/andals take advantage to take Carthage and the west's food basket and economic engine. The west then had to sign a treaty to keep up the flow of food ... but lost the taxes.

West eventually mounts a large force to retake Carthage which included armies provided by the east. Just before the armies were to sail for africa, the campaign was called off; the Huns had taken the opportunity to attack the east.

From then it was steadily downhill for the west because they no longer had much of the taxes needed to support the army (that kept things together)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2012 09:50:27 -0500
The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> writes:
I recommend Joseph Tainter's 'The collapse of complex societies' for a similar but clearer view on the fall of Rome, and other societies.

In essence his thesis is that societies exist because they are efficient ways to exploit the low hanging fruit of natural resources - in Romes case, wheat, largely.

In time they have picked all the low hanging fruit so they develop more and more complex ways to get the not so low hanging fruit. In Rome's case this means expansion and military appropriation and a burgeoning bureaucracy.

Finally the opportunity cost of the extra bureaucracy exceeds the extra benefit from the fruit in the awkward places.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change

"Fall of the Roman Empire" talks about north africa having a fertile growing band ... with rain fall dropping off as move south away from Mediterranean. In serveral places, "Fall of Roman Empire" cites new archeological from the past 20-30 years. As economy expanded further south, it required changing from wheat to other crops that require less water as well as more extensive water conservation efforts. Example is that olive groves are one of the most arid tolerant crops, and recent archeological has turned up evidence of olive groves in areas that are currently quite desolate. It also talks about the extent of the empire as moved north in europe there was relationship with quantity of local food production (and introduction of new farming techniques). Part of the issue was that there was much fewer threats around Carthage than what they were encountering in Europe.

"Fall of the Roman Empire" also talks about transportation costs were relatively high so the empire subsidized transportation in various ways (could make a case that something analogous has been done for the interstate highway system).

other are Diamond's "Guns, Germs and Steel"
http://www.amazon.com/Guns-Germs-Steel-Societies-ebook/dp/B000VDUWMC
and "Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed"
http://www.amazon.com/Collapse-Societies-Succeed-Revised-ebook/dp/B004H0M8EA

a few recent posts referencing Diamond's works
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#59 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#61 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#1 Lessons Learned
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#88 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#44 Kabuki Theater 1603-1629
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#46 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#54 Why stability trumps innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#52 Chinese researchers say early climate changes responsible for human crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#31 Civilization, doomed?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSC History

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Feb, 2012
Subject: CSC History
Blog: Cambridge Scientific Center Alumni
Happy Birthday Cambridge Science Center 1Feb1964

Looking at google maps ... there use to be two story Polaroid bldg. in the courtyard (now gone, 300 tech sq occupies part of the old courtyard) ... Land's office was on the 2nd flr and had balcony on the 545 tech sq side.
http://g.co/maps/ndzkn

Tom Van Vleck has some 545 Tech Sq references in the multics website
http://www.multicians.org/tech-square.html
including this URL for the "reconstructed" tech sq
http://tech-square.com/property.html

I've found that msrmaps has aerial photos from the mid-90s (when I was searching for photos of the san jose plant site before it was sold and demolishing bldgs) It shows tech sq before the reconstruction
http://msrmaps.com/image.aspx?T=1&S=10&Z=19&X=1639&Y=23460&W=3
san jose plant site msrmap ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?

past posts mentioning 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#74 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#84 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#22 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#26 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#28 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#4 CSC History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Strategy subsumes culture

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Feb, 2012
Subject: Strategy subsumes culture
Blog: Boyd Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/wkmFbf

Over in Chet's Fast Transients
http://fasttransients.wordpress.com/2012/01/31/strategy-subsumes-culture/

from above:
One tidbit to get you hooked: He joins John Boyd into a trio including Mahan and Clausewitz. At first, this may seem like strange bedfellows, but Boyd did cite Clausewitz often in Patterns of Conflict, second only to Sun Tzu.

... snip ...

my pontificating in fast transients ...

many of the characteristics cited for culture are things needed for tactical activities ... so the discussion might be reframed as tactical vis-a-vis strategic.

then from "Strategic Intuition"
http://www.amazon.com/Strategic-Intuition-Creative-Achievement-Publishing-ebook/dp/B0097D773O/

loc729-31:
Jomini's three steps of strategic planning are completely different from von Clausewitz's four steps of strategic intuition. Yet both authors claim to derive their steps from Napoleon. Can they both be right? We can boil the problem down to a battle between two words: objective and decisive. For Jomini, you win because you have greater force than your enemy at the objective point. For von Clausewitz, you win because you have greater force at the decisive point.

... snip ...

and loc767-69:
On the military side the coup d'oeil of von Clausewitz came full circle in 2005, when the U.S. Army commissioned a study on how strategic intuition applies to their current procedures. Sure enough, the study found that Jomini's, not von Clausewitz's, steps still dominate the army's formal methods of strategy to this day. Yet in practice, officers in the field tend to apply von Clausewitz's steps.

... snip ...

a little more in linkedin Boyd group (really long-winded) discussion
http://lnkd.in/R-ZqQc

Boyd would refer to culture during his Organic Design for Command and Control briefing. He would talk about how the US Army needing to deploy huge numbers with little or no experience at the start of WW2 created a rigid top-down command&control infrastructure (culture) to leverage the few available skills. He would then contrast that with Organic Design for Command and Control. He would include a comment that this was starting to have adverse effect on American corporate culture as former young US army officers started to climb the corporate executive ladder and create a similar kind of infrastructure (assuming only the people at the very top knew what they were doing and the people at the bottom had little or no skills and experience).

This has been used more recently to explain reports that the ratio of top executive compensation to worker compensation exploded to 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world.

additional x-over from this long-running discussion:
http://lnkd.in/R-ZqQc

with there being quite a bit of overlap between coup d'oeil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C5%93il
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fingerspitzengef%C3%BChl

coup d'oeil has deep study/experience brings intuition that is somewhat more static sense ... while fingerspitzengefuhl has deep study/experience brings intuition that is more active sense. While OODA-loop includes the static sense ... fingerspitzengefuhl captures much more of the active sense that comes with OODA-loop.

All make the distinction that after all the strategic planning ... there can still be things that are unpredictable and requires agile/adaptable. I've mentioned before that there was story in silicon valley that the most common characteristics of silicon valley startups that survived more than a year or two ... was that they had completely changed their business plan at least once.

Another example that Boyd would use to contrast with the Army's rigid, top-down, comand&control structure (culture) was Guderian's directive Verbal orders only for the blitzkrieg ... aka wanted the officer on the spot making their best decision possible w/o having to worry about CYA and any after action repercussions .... which at the time reminded me of this (definition of auditor)
[Business Maxims:] Signs, real and imagined, which belong on the walls of the nation's offices:
1) Never Try to Teach a Pig to Sing; It Wastes Your Time and It Annoys the Pig.
2) Sometimes the Crowd IS Right.
3) Auditors Are the People Who Go in After the War Is Lost and Bayonet the Wounded
4) To Err Is Human -- To Forgive Is Not Company Policy


posts in the referenced Boyd "Can anyone offer some insight"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#65 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2012 14:50:18 -0500
ChrisQ <blackhole@devnull.com> writes:
Fwir, there was a 360 on a couple of 68k devices using different microcode, built by ibm, but you might be disappointed in the performance, even if you could find one now.

it was problem mode 370 ... a couple boards in pc ... initially released for pc/xt as xt/370 ... ran a modified version of vm370/cms ... initially with 384kbyte 370 memory ... and about 80kips (about the MIP rate of 370/115). an issue was all i/o was via communication with cp/88 running on the pc processor ... and disk activity was read/write record on the xt 100ms/access hard disk.

I do some performance work and show that after vm370 fixed storage requirements ... most CMS applications tended to page-thrash in the remaining pageable memory. I then get blamed for six month schedule slip in announce&ship while they upgrade the boards to 512kbyte 370 memory.

the additional 370 memory mitigates the page thrashing ... but cms applications tended to be quite a bit more disk intensive than equivalent PC applications ... which tended to be quite noticeable with the XT 100ms/record disk (having come over from mainframe disk environment where there was less of a disk activity bottleneck).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New IBM mainframe instructions

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New IBM mainframe instructions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2012 15:10:49 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Some are for floating point operations. Given the many enhancements to floating point architecture I wonder how a conventional modern IBM mainframe would perform in a super computing ("number crunching") application.
http://share.confex.com/share/116/webprogram/Handout/Session8546/New%20CPU%20Facilities%20in%20the%20z196.pdf


straight 80 processor z196 is rated at 50BIPS ... some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#23 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#56 IBM researchers make 12-atom magnetic memory bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#59 IBM's z196 Article at RWT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#90 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

reference to amazon providing cloud supercomputer at 240 TIPS/TFLOPS (would rank 42nd in the world) .. some recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#80 Article on IBM's z196 Mainframe Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#82 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

There is an estimate that there are approx. 10,000 total mainframes in the world today ... if they were all upgraded to the latest, maximum configured 80 processor z196 ... that would come out to maximum peak 500TIPS for the aggregate of every mainframe in the world.

reference to Intel Core i7 at nearly 180BIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#20 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The speeds of thought, complexities of problems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 Feb, 2012
Subject: The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
Blog: Boyd Strategy
The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://zenpundit.com/?p=5269

I've read Fast&Slow
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA

and its tie-ins with economic decision making are fascinating (author has nobel prize in economics) ... also it is much more recent book and compliments Ramachandran's books. A quote from Fast&Slow:
"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

recent posts mention fast&slow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#138 Thinking, Fast & Slow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#143 Wall Street's Big Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#1 The war on terabytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New IBM mainframe instructions

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New IBM mainframe instructions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 00:03:57 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Would you know how that compares to say 1980? Of course, many installations have consolidated what were multiple mainframes into a single box since the boxes today are so much more powerful and can be subdivided ("LPARs").

A compile in 1980 (370-158) that took ten minutes now take less than a minute.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#28 New IBM mainframe instructions

158 announce 1972, withdrawn 1980
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3158.html

there is possibly some surveys from share during the period about number of machines, but i don't remember what they may be. i've commented in the past that 4300s had about the same numbers/orders as VAX ... except for the addition of large corporate orders involving hundreds at a time. vax orders for a decade:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0 Computers in Science Fiction

370/158-3 was maybe 1mip, 370/168-3 3mips, 3033 was about 1.5 times 168-3 or 4.5mips. past posts with old 158/3031/4341 benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0 Is a VAX a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#7 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#0 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#7 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#4 misc. old benchmarks (4331 & 11/750)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#62 Cycles per ASM instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps

old email mentioning 4300s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx
4341 announce 1979 withdrawn 1986
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP4341.html

3081k processor was supposedly 7mips ... two-processor 3081k supposedly 14mips ... but possibly closer to 10mips. recent post about DES software on 3081k processor running at 150kbytes/sec
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
referencing this old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#email841115

post with mflops of some old processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#33 Why only 24 bits on S/360?


Computer                       N=100(Mflops)
--------------------------------------------
Gateway 2000 G6-200 PentiumPro            62
IBM 3090/180J                             10
AMD 486DX5-133                           4.4
DATEK 80386-33 /w 64KB Cache             .27
IBM 4341 MG10                            .19
VAX 11/780 FPA                           .14
Northgate 386/387 (25MHz)                .11
VAX 11/780 FPA                           .11

... snip ...

... the previously referenced amazon cloud supercomputer is 240TFlops, or 24million times 3090/180J or over billion times 4341

previously reference posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#23 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#24 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#59 IBM's z196 Article at RWT

reference this turbohercules wiki that mentions mainframe emulator running on intel processor compared to z196 precursor, 64 processor, 24BIPS Z10 (claims are z196 processor is about 50% faster than Z10 processor, so increase from 24BIPS to 50BIPS is combination of faster processors and more processors)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TurboHercules#Performance

... we can run a reasonably sized load (800MIPS with our standard package). If the machine in question is larger than that, we can scale to 1600MIPS with our quad Nehalem based package and we have been promised an 8 way Nehalem EX based machine early next year that should take us to the 3200MIPS mark. Anything bigger than that is replicated by a collection of systems.

... snip ...

estimating that 8way Nehalem EX would run at mainframe simulated 3.2BIPS (3200 times a 370/158)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 10:26:40 -0500
Bernd Felsche <berfel@innovative.iinet.net.au> writes:
The control freaks understand that their ability to control depends on a hierarchical structure of control over all facets of life. The hierarchy needs to be "pointy" with as few at the top as possible to propagate the influence. If you only have to bribe a dozen industrial, financial, media and other business moguls to get your way, that's more achievable than tackling thousands of independent media outlets and hundreds of thousands of small and medium enterprises.

I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s (internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until late 85 or early 86) ... one of the issues was employees would be exposed to information that managers could no longer control. misc. past posts referencing the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

from IBM jargon ... a reference to part of that activity:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

Somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office for nine months to take notes on how I communicated, they also went with me to meetings and got copies of all my incoming and outgoing emails and logs of all my instant messages. Besides research report, it was also Stanford phd thesis (joint between language and computer ai) as well as some number of papers and books. misc. past related posts mentioning computer mediated communication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

I also sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM. The first briefing I tried to schedule through the employee education department, they initially agreed, but as I supplied them with more information, they eventually declined and suggested that I restrict the audience to just senior members of competitive analysis departments (they decided it was not in the best interest of the corporation to expose regular employees to Boyd). The initial briefing was just Patterns of Conflict ... but subsequent briefings included the evolving Organic Design for Command & Control (all crammed into a single day).

In Organic Design, he would refer to how the US Army needing to deploy huge numbers with little or no experience at the start of WW2 created a rigid top-down command&control infrastructure (culture) to leverage the few available skills. He would then contrast that with Organic Design for Command and Control. He would include a comment that this was starting to have adverse effect on American corporate culture as former young US army officers started to climb the corporate executive ladder and create a similar kind of infrastructure (assuming only the people at the very top knew what they were doing and the people at the bottom had little or no skills and experience).

This has been used more recently to explain reports that the ratio of top executive compensation to worker compensation exploded to 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world.

similar post in Boyd group:
http://lnkd.in/wkmFbf

referencing

Strategy subsumes culture
http://fasttransients.wordpress.com/2012/01/31/strategy-subsumes-culture/
Does Culture Eat Strategy for Lunch?
http://www.tempobook.com/2012/01/28/does-culture-eat-strategy-for-lunch/
Culture Eats Strategy For Lunch
http://www.fastcompany.com/1810674/culture-eats-strategy-for-lunch

Pointers to various versions of Boyd's briefings
http://tobeortodo.com/all-things-john-boyd/

somewhat similar theme in this article on managers vis-a-vis leaders
http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2012/02/why_the_days_of_manager_knows.html

misc. Boyd w3 urls & past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

misc. past posts mentioning Tandem Memos:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#5 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#6 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#7 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#31 Title Inflation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#39 Vnet : Unbelievable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#73 They Got Mail: Not-So-Fond Farewells
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#16 cost of crossing kernel/user boundary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#38 ibm time machine in new york times?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#66 Question About VM List
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#50 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#37 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#5 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#9 It's official: "nuke" infected Windows PCs instead of fixing them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#24 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#51 the new math: old battle of the sexes was: PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#11 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#35 Top versus bottom posting was Re: IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#48 time spent/day on a computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#34 Internal DASD Pathing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#30 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#57 Govt demands password to personal computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#68 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#45 Taglines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#32 IBM Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#25 Melinda Varian's history page move
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#31 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#32 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#33 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#5 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#21 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#36 Early mainframe tcp/ip support (from ibm-main mailing list)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#78 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#42 assembler help!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#81 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New IBM mainframe instructions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: New IBM mainframe instructions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 11:09:56 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
Wikipedia states 400 000 VAX machines sold; the page above states 137 000 until 1989. Yes, DEC sold a fantastic number of VAXen from 1989 onwards, but the margins kept disappearing.

I know of orders in the thousands for 4341 systems, which I don't know for the VAX. The VAX was also a late starter, with real competitive performance only happening with the 8x00 series, ca 1984; not that this made such a huge impact in sales.

So, I can easily believe sales well into six-digits for the 4341 alone.

The 4341 and followons 43xx systems were pretty unique as "mainframes in a box", mass produced and ready to roll in to a department, and ran all 370-style systems.

Before and after, the mainframes tend to be more like behemoths doing the processing of a large company, with other front end machines.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#28 New IBM mainframe instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#30 New IBM mainframe instructions

by the mid-80s, the whole mid-range market (43xx, vax) was starting to feel the impact of workstations and larger PCs moving up into the market.

from the 1988 IDC report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

nearly half of the 139k ... were 65k microvax-II

I've mentioned before that the "high-end" POK 303x machines had earlier started to feel the competitive heat from the 4341 ... clusters of 4341 were cheaper than 3033, less physical requirements than 3033, higher processing and throughput than 3033, etc. At one point, POK internal politics managed to have allocation for critical 4341 manufacturing component, cut in half (as one mechanism for dealing with 4341 compeitition). That is besides that single 4341 being approx. same performance of 3031 (but also much cheaper and less physical requirements, space, cooling, power, etc). This was purely mainframe datacenter issues.

However, 43xx dropped below price & resource requirements threshold and they started to be deployed as departmental servers (the large orders of hundreds or even thousands at a time) ... internally they started being deployed out in departmental supply rooms ... and even taking over deparmental conference rooms (resulting in conference rooms becoming a scarce resource internally). It also contributed to big explosion in the number of nodes on the internal network during the early and mid eighties. some of this shows up in the old 43xx email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

old post mentioning world-wide locations adding one or more nodes in 1983 ... mostly 4341 (also year that internal network went over 1000 nodes)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

more recent posts mentioning "information center" machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#12 From "Who originated the phrase user-friendly" thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#27 From "Who originated the phrase user-friendly" thread

past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

in the late 80s, the corporate communication group was starting to feel pressure from number of sides. this possibly contributed to them spreading mis-information as part of forcing the internal network to convert to SNA (when it would have been much more effective to have converted it to tcp/ip) ... a couple old email ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

as well as internal mis-information that the NSFNET backbone could be SNA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
other old email related to NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

it was also in this period that a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal, annual, world-wide, communication group conference and opened the talk with the comment that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. the issue was the disk division was starting to see data fleeing the mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms. The disk division had developed a number of products to rectify the situation, but were constantly vetoed by the communication group protecting their terminal emulation install base (the communication group had corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls). misc. past posts mentioning the stranglehold and terminal emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 12:49:57 -0500
kenney writes:
Pottery goes back to the neolithic. It is the type of pottery that is important. Both China and Japan were producing hard paste porcelain well before any contact with the west. Porcelain made such an impression on the west that china is still a synonym for high quality ware.

"Guns, Germs, and Steel" has China far ahead of europe up until sometime in 1400s and then things changed ... there have been references that China even "discovered" American in 1421 ... but fell victim to empress who wanted to freeze the status quo and banned all sorts of change, including distroying records and ocean going ships (as part of isolating china and cutting off agents-of-change).

post from last year in (linkedin) Greater IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#1 Lessons Learned

other posts mentioning Guns, Germs, and Steel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#59 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#61 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#88 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#44 Kabuki Theater 1603-1629
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#46 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#54 Why stability trumps innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#52 Chinese researchers say early climate changes responsible for human crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#24 PC industry is heading for more change

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 12:58:47 -0500
kenney writes:
Movable type is not the only way of printing. The earliest printed material known is a copy of the Diamond Sutra of about IIRC 630AD in Chinese using block printing. Early printed material was not that much cheaper than the books produced by commercial scriberies anyway. The development of rag paper was probably more significant as it was cheap enough and available in big enough quantities to allow for mass production of books. Parchment was much more expensive and slower to produce.

there was a segment in PBS "connections" claiming the plague in europe was a major factor in the jump in printing and learning ... since they had enormous amount of clothes from the dead that could be recycled into paper (as well as jump in standard of living since the resources were divided between much few people) ... past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#13 New postal bar code

Series
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connections_%28TV_series%29

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Entropy and #SocialMedia

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 2 Feb, 2012
Subject: Entropy and #SocialMedia
Blog: Boyd Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/FKp6Cv

a little x-over between stock price and recent blog entry at

The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://zenpundit.com/?p=5269

I've read Fast&Slow
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA

and its tie-ins with economic decision making are fascinating (author has nobel prize in economics) ... also it is much more recent book and compliments Ramachandran's books. A quote from Fast&Slow:
"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ..

Black swan has been used to describe the hedge fund meltdown in the late 90s ... but we had been on a rant that the hedge funds had been doing linear day-to-day movements and weren't prepared for the non-linear events which were bound to happen ... and then it did ... and it was an earlier instance of & systemic risk and too-big-to-fail ... having to bail-out the enormous risk takers ... which then becomes one of the moral hazard examples (i.e. sort of "baby proofing the environment" for wallstreet ... no real requirement to be held accountable/responsible). Some has been obfuscation and misdirection regarding responsibility for enormous risk taking (the risk takers get the enormous rewards but it is the the public that has been stuck with the consequences).

Decade earlier we were doing high availability products ... and dealing with systemic risks and independent operations with no/minimal common failure modes (needing countermeasures for how things fail). misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

for a little other topic drift in this blog:

Why Threat Modelling fails in practice
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001357.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RFC6507 Ellipitc Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 2 Feb, 2012
Subject: RFC6507 Ellipitc Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures
Blog: Linkedin
also google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/aRsPsVggB9k

RFC6507 Elliptic Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures for Identity-Based Encryption (ECCSI)
http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6507.txt

Over the years, I've written quite a bit on ECC certificate-less signatures ... some posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#certless

... including drafts for Kerberos,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos

RADIUS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#radius

and X9.59 financial transaction standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

oh, and a bunch of patents (assigned, we have no interest)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

we were also called in to help wordsmith Cal. state electronic signature legislation that was being heavily lobbied to mandate digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 02 Feb 2012 18:44:14 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
Then came the anglers, and the saxons; two separate, but interwoven waves. They drove the picts into the hinterland and took the prime land (and lots of the ladies, but only a minority). These were violent, brutal waves of migration. This was done by the late 700's.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#24 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change

The Fall of the Roman Empire, pg346
A sixth-century British source, the monk Gildas, reports in his appropriately named On the Ruin of Britain that power eventually fell into the hands of an unnamed tyrant, whom Bede names as Vortigern. He and a 'council' (perhaps representatives from the surviving city councils) decided that employing Saxon mercenaries was the solution to the problems of the much threatened, much raided, Romano-British.

... snip ...

it goes on to talk about giving a bunch of supplies to the Saxons who then proceeded to lay waste to much of the country.

The Fall of the Roman Empire, pg347
the Romano-British made one final appeal to be taken back under the imperial wing, writing formally to Aetius. The date of the letter is controversial, but Gildas refers to Aetius at that point as 'three times consul'. Aetius became consul for the third time in 446, so if Gildas' usage is accurate, the appeal arrived just as he was anxiously scanning the Danube for early signs of the brewing Hunnic tempest.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Fri, 03 Feb 2012 10:09:06 -0500
Aragorn <stryder@telenet.be.invalid> writes:
And at the risk of insulting US Americans - no such insult is intended, but you never know whether you strike somebody's patriottic nerve - I think we can all agree that the sole reason of being /today/ of the US Marine Corps - which is considered an elite corps among the USA's military contingents - is to conduct warfare outside of the US borders. The "God bless our troops" cry was being touted in the popular mainstream media both here and in the USA itself ad nauseam. The US military-industrial complex is even an important and indispensable part of the US American economy.

I was at Boyd conference last fall at Marine Corps Univ. and Gray wandered in and talked for a couple hrs (completely throwing off the conference schedule, nobody was going to interrupt him) ... he had leveraged Boyd to do make-over of the Marine Corps when he was commandant:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_M._Gray,_Jr.
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandant_of_the_Marine_Corps

a couple recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#49 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#64 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?

URLs &/or posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent posts mentioning MICC (military-industrial-congressional complex ... there are recent references that Eisenhower originally intended to say congress in the speech but dropped it at the last minute)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#33 The real cost of outsourcing (and offshoring)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#65 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#40 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#59 Why did the OODA-loop tactic grow into a strategy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#42 Senator urges DoD: Do better job defending F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#49 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#8 Goodbye, OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#51 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#73 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#65 Why (my, all) financial systems fail -- information complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#145 What's Wrong With the US Defense R&D Budget?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#5 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#8 Ruminating on Strategic Thinking II. : Social Conditions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Fri, 03 Feb 2012 10:31:23 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
some recent posts mentioning MICC (military-industrial-congressional complex ... there are recent references that Eisenhower originally intended to say congress in the speech but dropped it at the last minute)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#38 PC industry is heading for more change

large factions of MICC seemed to have adopted Success of Failure culture (aka string of failures are more profitable than success) ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#41 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#38 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#5 Off-topic? When governments ask computers for an answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#0 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#32 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#34 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#36 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#33 China Builds Fleet of Small Warships While U.S. Drifts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#48 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#8 The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#17 Washington's Cult of Continuous Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#30 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#39 Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#66 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#145 What's Wrong With the US Defense R&D Budget?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Fri, 03 Feb 2012 10:49:19 -0500
David Brown <david@westcontrol.removethisbit.com> writes:
No, it's a combination of exaggeration and/or misrepresentation and/or misunderstanding by the media site in question (or their sources), along with your own misunderstandings (perhaps due to the slightly odd grammar).

a couple years ago there were US news broadcasts about Moscow was having a wave of violence against Americans. somebody that had been in Moscow during the period said that it was violence against people of African descent ... regardless of the country of origin (no explanation for the US news distortion).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Are rotating register files still a bad idea?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Are rotating register files still a bad idea?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Fri, 03 Feb 2012 13:09:06 -0500
Fritz Wuehler <fritz@spamexpire-201202.rodent.frell.theremailer.net> writes:
System Z (what you are calling 370) is actively developed and installed at 10s of thousands of sites as a primary machine. It's a lot easier to migrate C code that runs on SPARC to Intel and replace a server farm than it is to migrate assembler and COBOL that runs on IBM and there are advantages to IBM OS and hardware that SPARC doesn't offer over its competition.

current estimate is that there are 10,000 mainframes installed at 4000-5000 customers (I know some large financial institutions with 50-100 machines).
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2010-08-10/news/27620495_1_mainframe-ibm-big-challenge

I've conjectured that heavy financial industry dependency on mainframes contributed to Gerstner taking the job to resurrect IBM in the mid-90s ... although the business does continue mainframes ... its revenue is now 83% software and services ... and everything else (including all hardware platforms) is 17%. recent reference in ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#20

a couple other refs from (linkedin) Greater IBM (current/former employees)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#104

other recent posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92

recent mainframe z196 is rated at 50BIPS with 80 processors (previous mainframe z10 was 24BIPS with 64 processors) ... or if every mainframe in the world upgraded to maximum 80 processor configuration ... that works out to 500TIPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#28
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#30

compared to on-demand supercomputer from Amazon cloud at 240TIPS (which would rank 42nd in the world) ... lots of cloud mega-datacenters may individually have more processing power than the aggregate of every mainframe in the world today.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Strategy subsumes culture

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Feb, 2012
Subject: Strategy subsumes culture
Blog: Boyd Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/wkmFbf
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture

From Scott's new To Be Or To Do website/blog:

Push Has Come To Shove Part II, Insight, Initiative, and Adaptability
http://tobeortodo.com/2012/02/02/push-has-come-to-shove-part-ii-insight-initiative-and-adaptability/

referencing

So Much Strategy, So Little Strategic Direction
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2012-02/so-much-strategy-so-little-strategic-direction

from above ... As Sun Tzu observed,
Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat.

Some amount of this can be framed as the ongoing Success of Failure culture. other recent posts mentioning Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#39 PC industry is heading for more change

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where are all the old tech workers?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Feb, 2012
Subject: Where are all the old tech workers?
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/5iXpFi
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#74 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#89 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?

Some of the (IBM) OJT changed with the 23Jun69 unbundling announcement ... which started to charge for application software, SE services, maintenance, etc ... as result of various litigation. misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Prior to unbundling, new SEs got OJT as sort of apprentice program part of team of SEs at customer site. With unbundling, there was big issue regarding how to account for apprentice SE at customer site w/o charging for them.

The initial solution was HONE ... several (virtual machine) cp67 datacenters around the US ... providing "hands-on" operating experience for SEs in the branch office. misc. past posts mentioning HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Among all the other stuff done at the science center ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

APL\360 was also ported to CMS as CMS\APL. HONE then started also offering APL-based online sales&marketing support applications. Eventually the (APL-based) online sales&marketing support applications came to dominate all HONE activity ... and the original HONE purpose for SE training/practice withered away & disappeared. Along the way, HONE migrated from CP67 to VM370 and HONE clones began sprouting up all over the world.

note a lot of this is the ongoing transition to public company culture with 3-month planning horizon ... studies of private equity and LBOs ... taking company private then turning around doing IPO ... tends to eliminate everything that doesn't show short-term ROI ... R&D eliminated, retirement plans radically changed, etc ... everything that isn't bolted to the floor is monetized and skimmed off. In the process the top executives are compensated enormously.

All of this contributes to report a couple years ago that ratio of executive compensation to worker compensation exploded to 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world. Madrick's "Age of Greed" claimed that the ratio has spiked over 500:1.

complimentary to 3month planning horizon and eliminating things with long-term ROI ... is the abandonment of lots of infrastructure. This is respect specifically to civil engineering ... but applies to anything that represents long term investment

quote attributable to Volcker from Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President pg290
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!

... snip ...

the discussion sort of started out chicken&egg ... no infrastructure projects results in few jobs for infrastructure civil engineers which contributes to disappearing civil engineering programs at universities ... but applies to all jobs associated with any long-term infrastructure. The other part is the upswing in financial engineers specializing in short horizon ROI.

past posts mentioning "Confidence Men"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#67 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#70 No One Telling Who Took $586B in Fed Swaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#73 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#74 Derivatives and free trade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#79 Financial Crimes Bedevil Prosecutors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#83 Heading For World War III | Gerald Celente Trends Blog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#88 Fed Report Finds Speculators Played Big Role in Housing Collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#109 Zombie Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#110 Loan Originators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#132 Yes Virginia, Electronic Signatures Are Legal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#17 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#47 Avoiding a lost decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#48 Fed's image tarnished by newly released documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Feb, 2012
Subject: What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
Blog: Greater IBM
recent book by nobel prize economist (& Amazon book of the month)

Thinking, Fast and Slow
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA

pg.212:
Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them

... snip ...

example of the market not being "open" ... but "dark" ... possibly more like casino where the house has things arranged to always get their percentage:
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

the also shows up in congressional Madoff hearings with the testimony by the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade trying to get the SEC to do something about Madoff.

Also, in the wake of Enron and Worldcom ... congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley in attempt to prevent such egregious manipulation of the market. However, possibly because GAO also didn't think SEC was doing anything (SOX doesn't do much good if SEC isn't doing anything) ... it started doing reports of problem/fraudulent public company financial filings that showed uptic even after SOX:
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/gao-06-1079sp//

An explanation for the fraudulent public company financial filings is that it boosted the top executive compensation ... and even if the financial filings were later corrected, the compensation wasn't changed. This contributes to report a couple years ago that the ratio of executive compensation to employee compensation had exploded to 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in most of the rest of the world.

In the Madoff hearings, the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff, was asked if there was need for new regulations. He replied that while new regulations might be required, much more important was to have transparency and visibility (congress could pass enormous amounts of SOX legislation ... doesn't do much good if there is no enforcement).

In the mid-90s, I was co-author of the x9.59 financial transaction standard. Somewhat as a result in the late 90s, I was asked in to NCSS (before merger with DTC) to look at improving the integrity of trading transactions. I worked on it for some time, but was then told it was suspended because a side-effect of the improved trading integrity would have greatly increased trade transparency and visibility (which is anti-thetical to trader culture). NSCC wiki now redirects to DTCC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_%26_Clearing_Corporation

older version of the above had section on (illegal) naked short selling ... which still lives on at the wayback machine (again lack of transparency and visibility)
http://web.archive.org/web/20080728143102/https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Trust_&_Clearing_Corporation

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 4 Feb, 2012
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

This happened in the early 80s. After 23jun69 unbundling announcement ... education discount was significantly cutback ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

education institutions started going with other vendors and the early 80s started moving to mid-range/minis from other vendors. In the early 80s, ACIS was created and started providing all kinds of resources to education institutions ... although not necessarily mainframe. Project Athena at MIT at $25m equally from IBM (and another $25m from DEC),
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Athena

CMU got $50m from IBM (ACIS first round funding was something like $300m in total for universities)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Project ,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mach_%28kernel%29

Project Athena produced x-windows, kerberos (basis for lots of platform authentication including basis for m'soft windows) and lots of other stuff. CMU did mach (unix-like system), camelot (transaction processing, morphs into transarc, and eventually somewhat related to non-mainframe cics), andrew file system, andrew widgets, etc. Lots of MIT and CMU stuff went into OSF part of the the early 90s unix-wars ... the "open software" unix-like to counter the sun/att&
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation

In the early/mid 80s, Palo Alto ACIS was working with Berkeley to do a BSD port to 370 ... but eventually got redirected to instead port to PC/RT ... which was released as AOS (as an alternative to AIX V2). misc. past posts mentioning 801, risc, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Another unix work-alike was Locus at UCLA which Palo Alto ACIS was also working with. Eventually they do a Locus port to both 370 and 386 which is released as aix/370 & aix/386 combo (a super-sized flavor of SAA but with unix work alike).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_%28operating_system%29

nearly all of that has moved on to another unix work-alike, LINUX. (CMU) mach was used as the basis for NeXT and that was brought over to Apple when Job returned ... and somewhat survives in parts of the apple operating system.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NeXT

I was doing HSDT project ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

and working with various institutions for what would eventually become NSFNET backbone (tcp/ip is the technology basis for modern internet, NSFNET backbone was operational basis for modern internet, and CIX was business basis for modern internet) ... and would be periodically inter-acting with ACIS operations at various institutions. misc. old NSFNET backbone related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

recent posts in this discussion:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#53 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#55 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#60 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#64 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#66 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#67 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#69 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#82 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#86 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#90 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#96 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#1 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#8 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What s going on in the redbooks site?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What s going on in the redbooks site?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 5 Feb 2012 00:08:31 -0800
joarmc@SWBELL.NET (John McKown) writes:
I was a FidoNet user. A sort of distributed BBS network. Dial into a local node, pick up and send messages. The local nodes would exchange messages throughout the day (usually at night). Dial in the next day to get the newly distributed message. Repeat daily. Loved my 56Kb modem.

And, of course, CompuServe before the WWW was generally available.


ibm internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until possibly late '85/early '86. some past posts ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
some old internal network email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet

a gateway between internal network and csnet fall '82 ... reference (had similar periodic dial-up and exchange messages)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#email821022
in this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#59
wiki reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

this ibm-main mailing list originated on bitnet ... bitnet used technology similar to what was used for the internal network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

bitnet equivalent in europe was called earn ... old email from person responsible for setting up earn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

another dial-up network was usenet using UUCP:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usenet

originating usenet "newsgroups" ... which survives today running over tcp/ip ... as well as shadowed on google ... and this ibm-main mailing list is also gatewayed to usenet in bit.listserv hierarchy as bit.listserv.ibm-main. bitnet mailing list support done in paris (earn)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV
and
http://www.lsoft.com/products/listserv-history.asp

The internal equivalent to LISTSERV was called TOOLSRUN and could operate both in a mailing list mode as well as in a usenet-like newsgroup mode.

one of the reasons that internet nodes started to exceed internal network nodes ... was the communication group was enforcing terminal emulation paradigm on the internal network (so it was limited to just mainframe nodes) ... while on the internet was starting to see workstations and PCs as internet peer nodes.

tcp/ip is the technology basis for the modern internet, nsfnet backbone was the operational basis for the modern internet, and cix was the business basis for the modern internet. ... misc. old email about working with entities leading up to nsfnet T1 backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
wiki reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Science_Foundation_Network

i had T1 and faster links running internally ... in project i called hsdt ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

which was one of the reasons for the NSFNET BACKBOME RFP calling for T1. the winning bid actually put in 440kbit links ... but possibly somewhat to meet the letter of the RFP, installed T1 trunks with multiplexor running multiple 440kbit links through the T1 trunks. We made some snide remarks about they possibly could have called it at T5 network ... since some the 440kbit links may have been routed at some points in multiplexed T5 trunks.

past posts mentioning internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

... virtual machines, lots of online computing, the internal network technology, GML and various other stuff originated at cambridge science center ... established 1Feb1964 ... some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
some other about creation of the internal network (as well as technology used for bitnet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSCS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8

and some www ... GML was invented at the science center in 1969 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

a decade later it morphs into iso international standard sgml ... and after another decade it morphs into html at cern ... ref:
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

then first web server in the US is on the slac vm/370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Where are all the old tech workers?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 5 Feb, 2012
Subject: Where are all the old tech workers?
Blog: Old Geeks
re:
http://lnkd.in/5iXpFi

That is what a lot of private-equity transactions have been doing, they borrow a bunch of money to do a leverage buy-out and pay themselves big fees & commissions, then they raid the company for as much as possible, and then they run the company through an IPO taking another round of fees & commissions ... leaving the original loans with the corporate entity. One of the biggest risk for the "re-made" company is the enormous debt load.

There is some analogy with people buying houses to fixup and flip ... but in the private-equity case, little or nothing may actually be "fixed". Also the mortgage that the speculators used to originally buy the house ... isn't paid off, but goes to the new owners when the house is flipped (company being "sold" in the IPO retains all the original loans on its books).

for some old geek drift ... recent old geek post in mainframe experts discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45
and a similar, but different post in ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#46

During bubble, speculators could get no down mortgage with 1% interest, interest-only payments ... in areas of the country with 20-30% real-estate inflation, speculators could get 2000% to 3000% ROI ... flipping before the rates adjusted ... possibly w/o doing anything.

Tied back to old geeks ... is the Volcker quote about graduating few civil engineers and lots of financial engineers (heavily computational intensive) that has resulted in sh*tty bridges and sh*tty financial system (lots of calculations that result in figuring out how to do short term financial scorched earth ... skimming everything that isn't bolted down

past posts in this discussion:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#74 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#84 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#89 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Driver's licenses for the Internet

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 5 Feb, 2012
Subject: Driver's licenses for the Internet
Blog: Facebook
Driver's licenses for the Internet
http://business.time.com/2010/01/30/drivers-licenses-for-the-internet/

I've periodically pontificated about needing vehicle inspections for safe driving on the internet ... in various demonstrations large percentage of the vehicles can be compromised in under 60secs and become living dead ... gets even more serious when the same technology is repurposed for critical infrastructure.

There also is lot of bluring the difference between authentication and identification ... shared-secrets like passwords and PINs have all sorts of vulnerabilities ... which can be fixed w/o having to resort to identification (although there seem to be various agendas that purposefully contribute to authentication/identification confusion)

Since they were invented, digital certificates have been periodically pushed as the electronic driver's licnese. I've spent much of the past two decades pontificating that public key systems can be used to upgrade shared-secret authentication w/o requiring digital certificates. We were called in to help wordsmith the Cal. state electronic signature legislation that was being heavily lobbied to mandate digital certificate infrastructure. recent Google+ post (also on Facebook) regarding being able to do public key authentication w/o requiring digital certificate identification:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/aRsPsVggB9k
also archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#36

misc. past posts mentioning electronic signatures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

misc. past posts mentioning certificate-less digital sigatures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#certless

misc. past posts mentioning secret-based authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#secrets

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What s going on in the redbooks site?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: What s going on in the redbooks site?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 5 Feb 2012 09:57:14 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
And many others. Unlike CompuServe, the typical BBS didn't use a proprietary protocol. For that matter, neither did fido.

BTW, I know of at least one BBS that supports zmodem over telnet.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#46 What s going on in the redbooks site?

there was also tymshare and its tymnet network
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymnet

tymshare provided online vm370 service
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

... and in Aug. 1976 started offering its online computer conferencing service free to SHARE as VMSHARE ... archive:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

later in the 80s, this was expanded with PCSHARE.

I made arrangements to get regular distribution of the VMSHARE (and later PCSHARE) files for putting up on internal machines ... some old vmshare related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

... including the world-wide online vm370/cms based sales&marketing support HONE system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

one of my biggest problems was convincing the lawyers that IBMers wouldn't be contaminated by reading VMSHARE files.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

France to Google: Free is Evil

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 5 Feb, 2012
Subject: France to Google: Free is Evil
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/JJmCiG4xrpv

France to Google: Free is Evil
http://www.forbes.com/sites/timworstall/2012/02/05/france-to-google-free-is-evil-2/

reminiscent of litigation that led to 23JUN1969 unbundling announcement and starting to charge for application software ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What s going on in the redbooks site?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: What s going on in the redbooks site?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 5 Feb 2012 13:12:54 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
The Internet[1] is not the Web. Before the WWW, we had Archie, FTP, Gopher and other services that in many ways were more convenient than the WWW, and certainly more reliable.

[1] A vast WAIS-land.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#46 What s going on in the redbooks site?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#49 What s going on in the redbooks site?

recent post in a.f.c. with a little WAIS lore:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#9 The round wheels industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 6 Feb, 2012
Subject: Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
http://www.scmagazineuk.com/banking-malware-a-growing-threat-as-new-variant-of-zeus-is-detected/article/225938/

also on Google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/7T9HM1r7NGs

In the mid-90s, malware on PCs was identified as major vulnerability for financial transactions and online banking. As a result, in the EU, the FINREAD standard was developed as a countermeasure. It was an external hardware token interface (to be used in conjunction with something you have authentication hardware token ... from 3-factor authentication model something you know, something you have, something you are) that had its own keypad (not vulnerable to malware keyloggers on the PC) and its own display (not vulnerable to malware displaying incorrect values on your PC). The external hardware token interface was not subject to malware performing impersonation transactions (on your PC or other PCs) with information it harvested from your PC). misc. past posts mentioning FINREAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread
misc. past posts mentioning 3-factor authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#3factor

During the FINREAD standardization, there was also a large consumer financial token-based deployment that included a free "give-away" of a low-end token interface device that used the serial-port interface. The enormous consumer support problems with dealing with an aftermarket serial-port devices resulted in a rapidly spreading opinion in the industry that tokens were not practical in the consumer market ... and all consumer token-related efforts were abandoned (although the problem wasn't with tokens but with aftermarket serial-port devices)

Note that in the mid-90s, there were industry presentations of proprietary, dial-up online banking about moving from proprietary, dial-up to the internet. A major justification given for the move was the enormous support costs associated with serial-port interface, dial-up modems would be moved over to ISPs (which could spread the support costs across all online activity, not just online banking). As an aside, the commercial dial-up cash-management/banking operations, at the time were claiming they would never move to the internet because of a long list of internet related vulnerabilities.

In any case, the institutional knowledge about the enormous serial-port related consumer support costs (from the dial-up online banking programs) appeared to have disappeared in the few short years between the mid-90s with dial-up online banking and the free give-away of the low-end serial-port token interface device. Furthermore, it was in this period that USB was being deployed (a prime motivation for the creation of USB was the enormous consumer problems associated with serial-port interfaces) ... in fact, the whole give-away program with serial-port token-interface device may have been the result of fire-sale of an obsolete technology.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can America Lead the World's Fight Against Corruption?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 6 Feb, 2012
Subject: Can America Lead the World's Fight Against Corruption?
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/fYpjjCcLTxm

Can America Lead the World's Fight Against Corruption?
http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/02/can-america-lead-the-worlds-fight-against-corruption/252448/

In the wake of Enron and worldcom ... congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley ... hopefully the more stringent audit requirements and jail-time penalties for executives would eliminate such problems in the future ... however it would require regulatory enforcement from SEC.

Possibly because the GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of problem/fraudulent public company financial filings ... which showed an uptic even after Sarbanes-Oxley ... part of the reports:
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/gao-06-1079sp/

The claim was that the motivation for the fraudulent public company financial filings was to boost public company executive compensation ... and even if the financial filings were later corrected ... there wasn't a corresponding adjustment in executive compensation

seen on the internet: Enron was a dry run and it worked so well it has become institutionalized

recent posts mentioning GAO report on fraudulent publib company financial filings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#1 The war on terabytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#18 SEC v. Citigroup, How to Avoid (Greater) Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#26 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 6 Feb, 2012
Subject: The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Whistleblowing After Dodd-Frank -- Timely Actions for Compliance
http://www.corporatecomplianceinsights.com/the-new-age-bounty-hunter-showdown-at-the-sec-corral-part-1/

similara comment in this Google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/fYpjjCcLTxm

In the congressional Madoff hearings, the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff, testified that tips (whistleblowers) turn up 13 times more fraud than audits ... and that SEC had a 1-800 number for companies to complain about audits but no "tip" 1-800 line. He was also asked if new regulations were required and his response was that while new regulations might be needed, much more important was to have transparency and visibility.

In the wake of Enron and Worldcom ... congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley ... hopefully the more stringent audit requirements and jail-time penalties for executives would eliminate such problems in the future ... however it would require regulatory enforcement from SEC. There were some comments at the time Sarbanes-Oxley was passed about possibly the only effective SOX provision was going to be whistleblowing.

Possibly because the GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of problem/fraudulent public company financial filings ... which showed an uptic even after Sarbanes-Oxley ... part of the reports:
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/gao-06-1079sp/

The claim was that the motivation for the fraudulent public company financial filings was to boost public company executive compensation ... and even if the financial filings were later corrected ... there wasn't a corresponding adjustment in executive compensation

seen on the internet: Enron was a dry run and it worked so well it has become institutionalized

whistle-blower reference from today (at bottom of this article)

How 60 Minutes Blew the Story; Wall Street's Secret Spy Center, Run for the 1% by NYPD
http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/02/06/wall-streets-secret-spy-center-run-for-the-1-by-nypd/

that references:

Prosecuting Wall Street, pg.2
http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7390542n

recent posts mentioning Madoff hearings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#5 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#18 SEC v. Citigroup, How to Avoid (Greater) Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#26 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 6 Feb, 2012
Subject: Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard
http://www.disinfo.com/2012/02/mythbusters-banned-from-discussing-rfid-by-visa-and-mastercard

A decade ago there was a large chip&pin pilot deployment in the US. This was with YES CARD ... there was presentation on YES CARD at Cartes2002 ... referenced at the end of this old post (gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

There was also presentation at the ATM Integrity task force in 2003 ... in the middle of the presentation ... somebody in the audience loudly commented "they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove chips are less secure than magstripe".

In the wake of YES CARD ... the large US pilot appears to have disappeared w/o a trace. A few past posts mentioning YES CARD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 7 Feb, 2012
Subject: What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
Blog: Greater IBM
There are numerous cases that I've been involved that haven't been part of my job and I wasn't paid for ... however they were somewhat professionally related. One was being asked to consult with the Census department in 1996&1997 on complete replacement of their dataprocessing technology for the 2000 census (had been originally installed for the 1980 census). This included handling an all day, external audit of the program. Another was in the late 90s being called in to NSCC to look at improving the integrity of exchange trading transactions ... mentioned previously ... also archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44

More recently in January 2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s Senate investigation into the bubble/crash of '29) that had been scanned the previous fall at the Boston Public Library ... adding extensive internal href cross-references/links as well href references/links between what happened then and what happened this time. This was in anticipation that the new congress was going to have an appetite to do something. However, after a couple months, I got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all.

I'm also active in "Boyd" groups ... I had sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the 80s. I was at recent Boyd conference at Marine Corps Univ in Quantico. Alfred Gray spoke, he had leveraged Boyd when he was commandant as part of Marine Corps make-over

misc. web URLs and posts referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 7 Feb, 2012
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

A thread in computer architecture (comp.arch, predominately chip engineers) regarding total 10,000 mainframes and z196 with 80 processors .... estimated to produce all the chips for 10,000 80-processor z196 systems would take less than an hour elapsed time on an Intel chip manufacturing line (possibly a couple hrs on an AMD chip manufacturing line). Another estimate was that current processors behind google search is more processing power than the aggregate of all the mainframes that have existed in the history of world (not just those currently installed)

post from last month on the subject in ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#56

In the early 90s, I did a project that required ten high-end (100MIP) rs/6000 servers (to handle workload that couldn't be handled by half-dozen large 3090s). However by middle of last decade ... there was that much processor power (one BIPS) in cell-phone processor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XScale

in the middle of the last decade ... when I first made the observation ... somebody claimed to have implemented something similar (to what I had done for the ten 100mip rs/6000s) for a smartphone.

ots of discussion in comp.arch about moore's law has been stalling for some time.the problem is that latency between the processor & memory ... caches & pipelines attempt to mask that latency ... but past a certain point ... it becomes less and less effective (higher ghz just means the processor spends more time stalled waiting for memory ... not actual higher effective MIP rate). This is been somewhat behind the technologies for hyperthreading & multi-core (multiprocessor) with lots of slower processing overlapping instructions from different i-streams.

This is also behind lots of articles about new holy grail is multithreaded software ... for decades people have been writing sequential, step-by-step operation ... and there is little general purpose solutions for converting into parallel, concurrent operation.

The latency to main memory ... measured in count of instructions ... is now about the same as disk operations were in the 60s ... the number of instructions that a processor could execute while waiting for a disk operation ... is about the same as today for processor wait on main memory operation

recent posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#1 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#8 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why can't the track format be changed?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Why can't the track format be changed?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Feb 2012 16:24:13 -0800
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
But doesn't PDSE emulate FBA under CKD emulated on RAID implemented on FBA? Even as VM/CMS emulates FBA for MDFS.

CMS has been logical FBA (on real CKD) all the way back to cp40/cms ... when it was originally developed ... and was called cambridge monitor system and could run stand-alone on a real 360/40 ... cambridge had done hardware modifications to 360/40 to support virtual memory ... for development of cp40. I was recently sent scan copy (by the author) of cp40 presentation given at 1982 SEAS meeting (european share) ... which I ocr'ed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

when 360/67 became available (with virtual memory standard), cp40 morphed into cp67
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cp67/

later when virtual memory became available on 370, cp67 morphs into vm370 and "cambridge monitor system" morphs into "conversational monitor system" (and ability to run on "real" hardware was crippled)
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/370/vm370/

when disk division announces real FBA (3310 & 3370) disks, it is very straight-forward for CMS to support:
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3370.html

this also shows up in the 3090 service processor, 3092 ...
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

at the bottom mentions 3092 requiring two 3370s ... 3092 is actually a pair of vm/cms 4361s running custom modified version of vm370 release 6 ... a couple old emails (3092 was originally developed on 4331):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

it wasn't too long before real CKD were no longer manufactured ... CKD becoming an obsolete technology simulated on real FBA. various past posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

past posts mentioning cambridge science center (formed 1Feb1964)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 8 Feb, 2012
Subject: Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Blog: Greater IBM
Where Good Ideas Come From
http://bulldogdrummond.com/blog/1374

somewhat related from Sunday: Can we ever trust instinct? Quick Study: Daniel Kahneman on economic decision-making
http://www.economist.com/blogs/prospero/2012/02/quick-study-daniel-kahneman-economic-decision-making

also his recent book: Thinking, Fast and Slow
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA

In the Boyd groups ... I had sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM ... he was also leveraged in a Marine Corps make-over ... Boyd is taught in police & military training programs ... there is lots of discussion of instinct in highly dangerous situations.

At a higher level there is "Strategic Intuition"
http://www.amazon.com/Strategic-Intuition-Creative-Achievement-Publishing-ebook/dp/B0097D773O/

with arguments about what von Clausewitz had to say ... and whether Boyd and von Clausewitz were in agreement or disagreement. I've asserted that von Clausewitz "coup d'oeil" and Boyd's use of "fingerspitzengerfuhl" are in fairly close agreement.

I've noted before that the IBM 100th anniversary ... had a segment on "wild ducks" trying to relate it to Watson's comments about employee wild ducks ... but the 100th anniversary segment was with respect to customers (not employees) ... also the fly-in-formation poster appeared after the "Future System" debacle ... and the references to changes in corporate culture to sycophancy and make no waves.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

In "Strategic Intuition", the author uses four examples Microsoft, Apple, Google, and Gerstner's resurrection of IBM.

As an aside, the current blog entry there is:
http://bulldogdrummond.com/blog/1431

which has made the round of quite a few Boyd related discussions.

followup ... the current blog entry "Culture Eats Strategy" ... also referenced in FastCompany

Culture Eats Strategy For Lunch
http://www.fastcompany.com/1810674/culture-eats-strategy-for-lunch

which kicks off a number ...

Does Culture Eat Strategy For Lunch
http://www.tempobook.com/2012/01/28/does-culture-eat-strategy-for-lunch/

then Chet's Strategy Subsumes Culture
http://fasttransients.wordpress.com/2012/01/31/strategy-subsumes-culture/

and then my x-posting in linkedin Boyd group
http://lnkd.in/wkmFbf

but the quote can be found in other places

URLs & posts about Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

a couple posts mentioning "Thinking, Fast And Slow" and/or "Strategic Intuition"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#147 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?

note some of this may be considered the difference between introverts and extroverts

The Fortunes Of Solitude: Susan Cain On Introverts, The "New Groupthink," And The Problems With Brainstorming
http://www.fastcompany.com/1814377/susan-cain-groupthink-brainstorming-quiet-introverts

references:

The Brainstorming Process Is B.S. But Can We Rework It? Two recent articles argue that brainstorming doesn't make people more creative. So how might we remake the brainstorming process, given what science tells us?
http://www.fastcodesign.com/1668930/the-brainstorming-process-is-bs-but-can-we-rework-it

or in the myers-briggs personality type ... those that prefer ideas to people

and for other drift ... from IBM Jargon:
Administrivia n. Any kind of bureaucratic red tape or paperwork, IBM or not, that hinders accomplishment of one's objectives or goals. Often, anything with a routing slip attached.

and from long ago and far away
SCIENTIST DISCOVERS NEW ELEMENT - ADMINISTRATIUM

The heaviest element known to science was recently discovered by University physicists. The element, tentatively named Administratium (AD), has no protons or electrons, which means that its atomic number is 0. However, it does have 1 neutron, 125 assistants to the neutron, 75 vice-neutrons and 111 assistants to the vice-neutrons. This gives it an atomic mass number of 312. The 312 particles are held together in the nucleus by a force that involves the continuous exchange of meson-like particles called memos.

Since it has no electrons, Administratium is inert. However, it can be detected chemically because it seems to impede every reaction in which it is present. According to one of the discoverers of the element, a very small amount of Administratium made one reaction that normally takes less than a second take over four days.

Administratium has a half-life of approximately 3 years, at which time it does not actually decay. Instead, it undergoes a reorganization in which assistants to the neutron, vice-neutrons, and assistants to the vice-neutrons exchange place. Some studies have indicated that the atomic mass number actually increases after each reorganization.

Administratium was discovered by accident when a researcher angrily resigned from the chairmanship of the physics department and dumped all of his papers in the intake hatch of the University's particle accelerator. "Apparently, the interaction of all of those reports, grant forms, etc. with the particles in the accelerator created the new element." an unnamed source explained.

Research at other laboratories seems to indicate that Administratium might occur naturally in the atmosphere. According to one scientist, Administratium is most likely to be found on college and university campuses, and in large corporation and government centers, near the best-appointed and best-maintained building.


... snip ..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 8 Feb, 2012
Subject: Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/2syFGU

trivia ... System/R was done on vm370/cms in bldg28/research ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

there is some folklore that Codd didn't like some of the things being done in System/R (and didn't actually work on System/R implementation) ... other folklore:
http://www.mcjones.org/System_R/

There was technology transfer of System/R to Endicott for release as SQL/DS. There are several comments ... that this was done "below the radar" with main corporate focus on EAGLE being done in STL. Then when EAGLE failed ... there was request about how fast could a MVS version be done .... there was then mad rush to get port to MVS for release as DB2 (initially positioned as decision support ... not for transactions).

Other trivia ... one of the people mentioned in this Jan92 meeting in Ellison's conference room claimed to have done the tech. transfer of SQL/DS from Endicott back to STL (I had earlier been involved in the tech transfer of System/R to Endicott for SQL/DS).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

besides system/r (original relational/sql) on virtual machine platform, there was 4th generation offered by virtual machine online commercial service bureaus

RAMIS wiki page
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_Software
NOMAD wiki page
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
FOCUS wiki page
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS
RAMIS and NOMAD reference at computer history museum
http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/accession/102658182
Computer History Museum PDF file:
http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Oral_History/RAMIS_and_NOMAD/RAMIS_and_NOMAD.National_CSS.oral_history.2005.102658182.pdf
RAMIS & FOCUS ... brief history of 4th gen languages:
http://ibmmainframes.com/about5018.html
The Wholly Unofficial NOMAD Website
http://www.decosta.com/Nomad/

also in the time-frame of SQL/RDBMS being done at SJR (research on the west coast) there was query-by-example being done at YKT (research on the east coast) ... old email about QBE presentation at SJR (by "Father of QBE, Arch-enemy of System R"):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#email800310
in this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#44 SQL wildcard origins?
QBE wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_by_Example

some recent posts in the thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#1 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#8 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#45 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#57 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 8 Feb, 2012
Subject: Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#53 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected

recent items:

Banking Online -- How Not To Get Hacked
http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/upgrade-your-life/banking-online-not-hacked-182159934.html

BITS Lists Software Guidelines; Financial Framework Will Improve Software Security for Banking
http://www.bankinfosecurity.com/articles.php?art_id=4483&rf=2012-02-08-eb&elq=501c832e37e845b59516b22f90474d9a&elqCampaignId=1355

note that while there hasn't really been anything that wasn't on the commercial cash-management/banking list of internet vulnerabilities ... quiet a few have eventually moved to the internet anyway. However, in the past couple years, Federal and Institutional recommendations for commercial online internet banking have been a semi-return to the pre-internet online days ... recommending a dedicated PC for online banking that is *NEVER* used for anything else.

misc. past posts mentioning dial-up, online, cash-management never moving to the internet:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#35 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#61 German court finds Bank responsible for malwared PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#2 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#61 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#9 Cyber crooks increasingly target small business accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#68 Definition of a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#73 Definition of a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#3 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#18 security and online banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#21 security and online banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#72 Users still make hacking easy with weak passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#79 Customers risk online banking fraud by reusing bank credentials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#86 NY Town's Bank Account Hacked; Poughkeepsie Loses $378K in Fraudulent Transfers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#6 Online Banking & Password Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#41 Monet, was Re: A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#38 U.K. bank hit by massive fraud from ZeuS-based botnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#22 An online bank scam worthy of a spy novel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#48 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#65 US Business Banking Cybercrime Wave: Is 'Commercially Reasonable' Reasonable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#40 Banks blocking more fraudulent money transfers from hijacked business accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#23 Benefits of Online Banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#38 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#40 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#3 Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#54 Speed: Re: Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#56 Using Cross-Channel Fraud Detection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#52 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

An approach to Dump formatting of Control Blocks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 8 Feb, 2012
Subject: An approach to Dump formatting of Control Blocks
Blog: MainframeZone
re:
http://lnkd.in/RmpzhX
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#58 An approach to Dump formatting of Control Blocks

This is 30yrs ago ... I had originally attempted to get it released as a replacement for IPCS ... and for whatever (NIH?) reason it never happened ... even though at one point it was in use by nearly every internal IBM datacenter as well as IBM PSRs for dealing with customer problems. As mentioned, I eventually made Baybunch and SHARE presentations about how I did the implementation ... and shortly thereafter ... similar products started appearing from other vendors.

The original DUMPRX for formating control blocks was give it storage location, the maclib member and the dsect name ... and it basically did a psuedo-assembly (implemented in REXX) of the maclib dsect info ... and used it to format the storage location.

Independent of the specific (DSECT) command for storage formating ... the library of automatic routines ... looking for specific kinds of failure signatures ... would do custom/automatic formating that seemed appropriate related to the different kinds of failure signatures.

past posts mentioning DUMPRX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PC industry is heading for more change

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PC industry is heading for more change
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 08 Feb 2012 15:08:21 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
But, lo and behold, Portugal, Spain, Italy and Greece (and Ireland) managed to squeeze in. Well, Greece didn't, they cooked the books; and the squeezing of Ireland and Portugal was sheer luck, timing with the y2k boom.

i remember business trips to Greece in the early 90s (for HA/CMP marketing) ... at the time, the locals made a point about Greek culture was very much anarchy and cheating on taxes was a way of life (nearly everybody was cooking books).

misc. past posts mentioning ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why can't the track format be changed?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Why can't the track format be changed?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Feb 2012 12:22:49 -0800
R.Skorupka@BREMULTIBANK.COM.PL (R.S.) writes:
Yes and no. It depends on definition of "real CKD device". Actually 3390 and 3380 were FBA under the cover. The "data cells" (32 or 34 bytes) were the fixed size sectors. Indeed, the device was not emulated - physical disc was presented as single I/O device, but the elecronics hidden the cells from MVS view.

AFAIK the last "fully real" CKD device was 3350 (1975 GA).


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#58 Why can't the track format be changed?

3380/3390 were the low-level emulation on kind of FBA.

One of the things was that 3380 was the high-end datacenter disks and the only mid-range disks were FBA.

In the 3380/3370 time-frame there was huge explosion in new 4300 sales going into non-datacenter environments ... which MVS was precluded from because of lack of FBA support. Eventually, trying to provide MVS with an entry into that market ... 3375 was created ... that was a 3370 under the covers. The other problem was that many of these environments were getting close to set-it and forget it ... requiring very little care&feeding ... which tended to also preclude MVS.

misc. past posts mentioning CKD, multi-track seek, FBA, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

misc. old email mentioning 4300s ... some of which involve 3380/3370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

past posts about them letting me play disk engineer in bldgs. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 9 Feb, 2012
Subject: Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
Blog: Facebook
Why Wall Street Should Stop Whining
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/why-wall-street-should-stop-whining-20120208

and

The End of Wall Street As They Knew It
http://nymag.com/news/features/wall-street-2012-2/index5.html
Is This the End of Wall Street As They Knew It?
http://jdeanicite.typepad.com/i_cite/2012/02/is-this-the-end-of-wall-street-as-they-knew-it-new-york-magazine.html

note their bonuses spiked over 400% and while housing prices are heading to pre-bubble prices, wallstreet has been doing everything possible to keep bonuses from returning to pre-bubble level
http://www.businessweek.com/investor/content/mar2008/pi20080318_697440.htm?chan

Packaging loans&mortgages provided wallstreet with new source of income from the estimated $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs transactions during the bubble, possibly as much as $4T-$5T in fees and comissions. This also accounts for claims that the industry tripled in size (as percent of GDP) during the bubble.
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

One of the difference between real estate returning to pre-bubble levels (putting lots of home owners underwater) and wallstreet bonuses possibly being reduced ... is there is no clawback for the wallstreet bonuses paid during the bubble

past posts referencing wallstreet bonuses and/or magnitude of triple-A rated toxic CDO transactions:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#7 Are Ctibank's services and products so vital to global economy than no other banks can substitute it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#9 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#30 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#36 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#40 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#64 Should AIG executives be allowed to keep the bonuses they were contractually obligated to be paid?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#77 Who first mentioned Credit Crunch?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#31 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#35 US banking Changes- TARP Proposl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#41 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#49 Is the current downturn cyclic or systemic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#53 What every taxpayer should know about what caused the current Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#56 What's your personal confidence level concerning financial market recovery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#65 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#27 Flawed Credit Ratings Reap Profits as Regulators Fail Investors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#3 Consumer Credit Crunch and Banking Writeoffs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#10 China's yuan 'set to usurp US dollar' as world's reserve currency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#25 The Paradox of Economic Recovery
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#49 IBM to Build Europe, Asia 'Smart Infrastructure'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#10 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#27 The Zippo Lighter theory of the financial crisis (or, who do we want to blame?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#48 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#60 In your opinon, what is the highest risk of financial fraud for a corporation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#30 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#57 The Mortgage Crisis---Some Inside Views
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#73 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#36 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#37 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#3 The Obama Spending Non-surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#70 No One Telling Who Took $586B in Fed Swaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#135 Estimate that WW1 cost $52B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#32 Wall Street Bonuses May Reach Lowest Level in 3 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 09 Feb 2012 15:52:26 -0500
EricP <ThatWouldBeTelling@thevillage.com> writes:
Maybe in IBM land but most others do not change address space because it is expensive and unnecessary. Linux followed the Mach microkernel model and did switch up to 2.4 but after that they changed to what others do: just don't switch.

The kernel virtual space is "common mapped" into the high address space of all processes by having the same virtual address PTE's point to the same physical frame in every process, with page access protected to supervisor mode only.

So it does not matter what process is active when the interrupt arrives as all are the correct context. All that is required to access a kernel page is enabling supervisor mode, which the interrupt does.

(I read about a port of Linux to a PPC which said that the MMU switched off virtual to physical translation on interrupt. The first thing they did was switch it back on so the above would be true.)


OS/VS2 SVS was MVT mapped into single 16mbyte virtual address space (aka almost as if it was still real memory ... but with maximum sized memory).

Transition from OS/VS2 SVS to OS/VS2 MVS was each application having its own virtual memory but with kernel memory mapped into 8mbyte of each 16mbyte application virtual memory. The issue was extensive use of pointer-based API ... but was further complicated with a lot of system services outside the kernel ... and in the transition from SVS to MVS ... these system services "subsystems" were now also in their own virtual address space (different from applications) ... but trying to preserve the pointer-passing API.

As part of pointer-passing API between applications and system services in different virtual address spaces, the "common segment" was created ... something shared in every virtual address space for reserving space for passing parameters between applications and subsystems.

The issue was that as systems grew and there were more and more concurrent applications and subsystems, the common segment area also grew until it was pushing 5-6mbytes in some installations (8mbyte kernel, 6mbyte common segments, leaves only 2mbytes out of the 16mbyte for application use).

In the wake of the failure of Future System effort ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there were parallel mad-rush kicked off ... the Q&D 3033 effort in parallel with what eventually came to be called "811" ... for the nov78 date on many of the specifications ... which eventually ships as 3081 & 370xa (that includes 31bit addressing). Part of 811 was multiple concurrent address space support ... applications would make kernel call for semi-priveleged subsystem, the kernel would switch to address space of the subsystem but leaving the calling application address space pointer around. Then subsystem not only had access to its own address space ... but the calling application address space (starting to eliminate requirement for the "common segment").

Because of taking so long to get out 3081 370xa ... and increasing "common segment" pressure on larger 3033 installations ... a subset of multiple address space was retrofitted to 3033 as "dual address space" support.

full "811" includes access registers (multiple virtual address space support) and program call ... a special kernel table that has indexed table of subsystem address space pointers ... where the hardware does the switching to specific subsystem virtual address space as well as leaving calling application virtual address space available (eliminating the path through the kernel to switch address spaces).

basically provides hardware support for system services library call/return ... but where the application and the libraries reside in different address spaces

lots of stuff about current multiple address space implementation (and AR ... access registers)
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/3.8?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/3.9?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/3.10?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/3.11?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=2004050412132

summary
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/3.12?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320

some about how program call works:
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/5.5?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320

more detail about access registers
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/5.7?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/5.8?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320

program call instruction
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/10.34?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320
and of course ... program return instruction
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/DZ9ZR003/10.35?SHELF=DZ9ZBK03&DT=20040504121320

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 9 Feb, 2012
Subject: How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/19qbcCY5Jbw

How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.forbes.com/sites/johntharvey/2012/02/06/economics-crisis/

Note that the references to complex economic models were frequently obfuscation to what was really going on ... numerous reports that the business people forced the risk managers to fiddle the inputs until the desired results were obtained. Oblique references to what was going on are recent proposals for requirement to promote risk managers to level where they can't be overruled by the business people

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/
Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'
http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

misc. past posts mentioning previous articles:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#96 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#99 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#3 Blinkylights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#49 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#52 Technology and the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#53 Your thoughts on the following comprehensive bailout plan please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#56 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#65 Whether, in our financial crisis, the prize for being the biggest liar is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#72 Why was Sarbanes-Oxley not good enough to sent alarms to the regulators about the situation arising today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#78 Isn't it the Federal Reserve role to oversee the banking system??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#80 Why did Sox not prevent this financal crises?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#82 Fraud in financial institution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#15 Financial Crisis - the result of uncontrolled Innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#19 What's your view of current global financial / economical situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#26 SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), is this really followed and worthful considering current Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#28 Does anyone get the idea that those responsible for containing this finanical crisis are doing too much?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#34 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#75 In light of the recent financial crisis, did Sarbanes-Oxley fail to work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#82 Greenspan testimony and securization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#83 Chip-and-pin card reader supply-chain subversion 'has netted millions from British shoppers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#8 Global Melt Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#70 Is there any technology that we are severely lacking in the Financial industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#49 Have not the following principles been practically disproven, once and for all, by the current global financial meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#50 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#58 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#64 Is This a Different Kind of Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#8 Top financial firms of US are eyeing on bailout. It implies to me that their "Risk Management Department's" assessment was way below expectations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#9 Blind-sided, again. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#29 Let IT run the company!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#55 Is this the story behind the crunchy credit stuff?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#62 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#14 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#63 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#80 Are reckless risks a natural fallout of "excessive" executive compensation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#4 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#30 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#36 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#40 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#31 OODA-loop obfuscation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#38 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#21 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#66 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#75 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Feb, 2012
Subject: Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

A take-away from the last part of
http://www.fastcompany.com/1814377/susan-cain-groupthink-brainstorming-quiet-introverts

is Boyd's Organic Design For Command and Control ... a pointer can be found here:
http://tobeortodo.com/all-things-john-boyd/

it was one of the briefings that Boyd would give when I sponsored him at IBM.

and bottom line was instead of "Command and Control" needed Leadership and Appreciation

The To Be or To Do theme is also taken from Boyd ... reference in this old post with quote from dedication of Boyd Hall at USAF Weapons School
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#35

URLs and past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PKI and SSL - the jaws of trust snap shut

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Feb, 2012
Subject: PKI and SSL - the jaws of trust snap shut
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/ieyv8yLzUaq

Financial Cryptography: PKI and SSL - the jaws of trust snap shut
https://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001359.html

possibly minor reference to the "last great dataprocessing IT party" ... which was news article referencing the IBM party at RSA 2000 held at San Jose coliseum ... old post about the party:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#15

other recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#17 Time To Scrap SSL?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Four Sources of Trust, Crypto Not Scaling

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Feb, 2012
Subject: Four Sources of Trust, Crypto Not Scaling
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/Sw1SeUNm39J

Four Sources of Trust, Crypto Not Scaling
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/02/john-robb-four-sources-of-trust-crypto-not-scaling/

Why The Global System is Killing Trust
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2012/02/why-the-global-system-is-killing-trust.html

One of the reasons that security is not scaling proportional to the increase in amount of data ... is faulty paradigms that require enormous amounts of data to be hidden ... recent post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#3

recent pontificating on need for transparency & visibility (possibly in lieu of new regulations):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 ,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54

older post pointing out part of the broken paradigm is dual-use .. data that is both required to be readily available for normal business processes and at the same time be hidden and never divulged:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#1

other past posts mentioning dual-use &/or security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#3 Why Security Modelling doesn't work -- the OODA-loop of today's battle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#76 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#5 Privacy, Identity theft, account fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#7 Dealing with the neew MA ID protection law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#59 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#53 21 million German bank account details on black market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#10 Data leakage - practical measures to improve Information Governance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#60 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#13 US credit card payment house breaches by sniffing malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#15 It's Me, and Here's My Proof: Why Identity and Authentication Must Remain Distinct
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#62 Study: Data breaches continue to get more costly for businesses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#69 PCI Compliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#36 PCI security rules may require reinforcements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#57 Data masking/data disguise Primer 1) WHY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#10 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#11 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#20 Online Banking's Innate Security Flaws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#53 Merchant Groups Ask for Broad Changes in Letter to PCI's Overseer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#11 Is anyone aware of a system that offers three layers of security and ID protection for online purchases or even over the counter POS purchases?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#13 PCI SSC Seeks Input on Security Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#41 How can we stop Credit card FRAUD?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#54 The satate of software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#60 The satate of software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#53 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#13 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#22 PCI SSC Seeks standard for End to End Encryption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#14 Heartland CIO is critical of First Data's credit card tokenization plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#55 Verizon report goes deep inside data breach investigations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#39 Six Months Later, MasterCard Softens a Controversial PCI Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#29 Cyberattacks raise e-banking security fears
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#75 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#84 In SSL We Trust? Not Lately
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#25 Retailers blamed for making people vulnerable to credit card fraud and ID theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#58 Cyber Self Defense: Reduce Your Attack Surface
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#46 Who are these people who think cybersecurity experts are crying wolf?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#49 ZeuS attacks mobiles in bnak SMS bypass scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#8 PCI: Smaller Merchants Threatened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#53 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#36 Internal Fraud and Dollar Losses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#60 Cyberwar vs. Cyber-Espionage vs. Cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#63 Why do defenders keep losing to smaller cyberwarriors?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#47 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#15 Wicked Problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#47 PCI and the Insider Threat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#13 Two-Factor Authentication - Hardware token or SMS OTP

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Password shortcomings

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Feb, 2012
Subject: Password shortcomings
Blog: private mailing list
long-winded pontification in private mailing list on short comings of passwords

a couple posts from yesterday in linkedin financial crime risk, fraud and security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#52 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#61 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected

Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
http://www.scmagazineuk.com/banking-malware-a-growing-threat-as-new-variant-of-zeus-is-detected/article/225938/

In the mid-90s, malware on PCs was identified as major vulnerability for financial transactions and online banking. As a result, in the EU, the FINREAD standard was developed as a countermeasure. It was an external hardware token interface (to be used in conjunction with something you have authentication hardware token ... from 3-factor authentication model something you know, something you have, something you are) that had its own keypad (not vulnerable to malware keyloggers on the PC) and its own display (not vulnerable to malware displaying incorrect values on your PC).

The external hardware token interface was not subject to malware performing impersonation transactions (on your PC or other PCs) with information it harvested from your PC). misc. past posts mentioning FINREAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread
misc. past posts mentioning 3-factor authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#3factor

During the FINREAD standardization, there was also a large consumer financial token-based deployment that included a free "give-away" of a low-end token interface device that used the serial-port interface. The enormous consumer support problems with dealing with an aftermarket serial-port devices resulted in a rapidly spreading opinion in the industry that tokens were not practical in the consumer market ... and all consumer token-related efforts were abandoned (although the problem wasn't with tokens but with aftermarket serial-port devices)

Note that in the mid-90s, there were industry presentations of proprietary, dial-up online banking about moving from proprietary, dial-up to the internet. A major justification given for the move was the enormous support costs associated with serial-port interface, dial-up modems would be moved over to ISPs (which could spread the support costs across all online activity, not just online banking). As an aside, the commercial dial-up cash-management/banking operations, at the time were claiming they would never move to the internet because of a long list of internet related vulnerabilities.

In any case, the institutional knowledge about the enormous serial-port related consumer support costs (from the dial-up online banking programs) appeared to have disappeared in the few short years between the mid-90s with dial-up online banking and the free give-away of the low-end serial-port token interface device. Furthermore, it was in this period that USB was being deployed (a prime motivation for the creation of USB was the enormous consumer problems associated with serial-port interfaces) ... in fact, the whole give-away program with serial-port token-interface device may have been the result of fire-sale of an obsolete technology

.. snip ...

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#55 Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard

Mythbusters Banned From Discussing RFID By Visa And Mastercard
http://www.disinfo.com/2012/02/mythbusters-banned-from-discussing-rfid-by-visa-and-mastercard

A decade ago there was a large chip&pin pilot deployment in the US. This was with YES CARD ... there was presentation on YES CARD at Cartes2002 ... referenced at the end of this old post (gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

There was also presentation at the ATM Integrity task force in 2003 ... in the middle of the presentation ... somebody in the audience loudly commented "they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove chips are less secure than magstripe".

In the wake of YES CARD ... the large US pilot appears to have disappeared w/o a trace. A few past posts mentioning YES CARD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

... snip ...

Somewhat because of earlier having worked with small client/server startup on something that is now frequently called "electronic commerce" (payment transactions on their server), in the mid-90s we were asked to participate in the x9a10 financial working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (aka point-of-sale, face-to-face, non-face-to-face, unattended, wireless, internet, etc .. aka *ALL*). The result was the x9.59 financial transaction standard. One of the things that it did was to make information from previous transactions useless to crooks for performing fraudulent transactions ... it didn't eliminate skimming, evesdropping, data breaches ... but it eliminated the motivation for such criminal activity ... some ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

During the standards activity there was some formulation of the requirements for a hardware token ... it had to be at least or more secure any existing hardware token, it had to be significantly cheaper than most existing hardware tokens, it had to be useable at transit turnstyles (i.e. transaction wireless power profile and elapsed time had to be within requirements for transaction industry for use at turnstyles). I would joke at security conference presentations that I was taking a $500 milspec part and aggressive cost reduce by 2-3 orders of magnitude while improving its security.

Some tokens were produced for pilots ... as well other tokens with similar API (but not exactly same token) were used in pilots ... like the NACHA pilot mentioned here (has gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine) ... 23July2001
http://web.archive.org/web/20070706004855/http://internetcouncil.nacha.org/News/news.html
copy of our response to the NACHA RFI for the pilot 14Sep1998 (we weren't nacha members so response was submitted on our behalf)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/nacharfi.htm

However, all of these (as well as several other problems) were casualties from the industry pullback of any sort of token in the wake of the disaster with with the free give-away of the serial-port token interface device.

In my other response from today, I mention the EU FINREAD standard (also a casualty of the industry pullback) ... which was a token interface device that addressed the majority of PC compromises. One of the issues with the EU FINREAD was that there was no assurance at the financial institution that an FINREAD device was actually being used. Part of the work on x9.59 financial transaction was provisions that a hardware token chip could be used to digitally sign the transactions (as individual authentication) and there could be a similar chip built into the FINREAD device that also digitally signed transactions (attesting to the integrity of the transaction environment) ... aka an X9.59 transaction could have an optional 2nd signature representing the transaction signing environment.

Part of the work on the token chip was getting it on similar cost curve as RFID chips (designed for grocery EPC) ... so that it drops well under a dollar ... w/o sacrificing any integrity or security.

... for a little more drift ... linkedin&google post from this weekend

also google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/aRsPsVggB9k
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#36 RFC6507 Ellipitc Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures

RFC6507 Elliptic Curve-Based Certificate-Less Signatures for Identity-Based Encryption (ECCSI)
http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6507.txt

Over the years, I've written quite a bit on ECC certificate-less signatures ... some posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#certless

... including drafts for Kerberos,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos

RADIUS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#radius

and X9.59 financial transaction standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

oh, and a bunch of patents (assigned, we have no interest)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

we were also called in to help wordsmith Cal. state electronic signature legislation that was being heavily lobbied to mandate digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

... snip ...

Part of the certificate-less ... was the payment card industry was working on RSA/certificate based transaction implementation about the same time as the x9a10 & x9.59. One of the issues in the payment card industry was that it was mostly crypto & security people and had very few business people. Part of their specification was public key digital signatures with digital certificates appended to transaction. The typical payment transaction is 60-80 bytes ... the industry was using digital certificates that were 4k-12k bytes ... basically a factor of 100 times payload bloat. Furthermore the processing for the digital certificates also represented nearly 100 times processing bloat ... everything was fine for trivial, toy demos ... but was incapable of scaling up to any reasonable throughput.

From financial standard x9a10 working group standpoint ... the payment card industry specification appeared to start with a specific RSA/PKI solution and then worked backwards ... while the x9a10 started with the business requirements and then worked forward.

misc. past posts about the enormous 100* bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#bloat

Note commercial/cash-management dial-up banking did move to the internet ... even though they had a list of vulnerabilities that pretty much covers everything that has been seen since then. In the past couple years, Federal & Financial institutions have come out with commercial/cash-management recommendations that attempts to semi-return to pre-Internet ... that businesses should have a PC dedicated solely for online banking and *NEVER* used for any other purpose.

Also in the wake of abandoning consumer/individual token/finread at the start of the century, there were a number of "safe" internet payment products developed and pitched to merchants with a high level of acceptance. They weren't as secure as the token/finread solutions but were much better than what we have today.

Then came the merchant cognitive dissonance and all the efforts were still-born. For decades merchants had been indoctrinated that the transaction fees charged merchants were proportional to the amount of fraud for the type of transaction. These early on tended to be MOTO (mail-order/telephone-order) ... and then in setting up internet transactions ... the MOTO business model was followed. However for the "safer internet" products the financial institutions told the merchants that they were changing the paradigm and the fees would effectively be a surcharge on top of the the highest fees being paid. The merchants had anticipated that they could get something like a factor of ten reduction in fees with "safe" products (eliminating many types of fraud) ... but didn't know how to deal with being told that instead the fees would be more than they were already paying

Now this item says US financial institutions had approx. 40% of their bottom line from payment fees (aka making significant profit from fees proportional to fairly high fraud; compared to less than 10% for European institutions; and claims that some large US issuing institutions it represented 60% of their bottom line) ... gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20060526221137/http://www.epaynews.com/index.cgi?survey=&ref=browse&f=view&id=1147439455861413176&block=

Under the "old" paradigm, the prospect of US institutions potentially loosing half their bottom line with paradigm change to "safe" payment transactions was not a rosy prospect. Current payment infrastructure is the low-hanging fruit for crooks, besides a high-profit item for financial institutions ... changing that would have significant impact on US financial institutions' bottom line.

The other aspect, is after payment infrastructure low hanging fruit, the next is "new account fraud" ... crooks opening new accounts with fraudulent credentials. In some cases, this is "identity theft" and financial institutions can make it very unpleasant for the victims. However, a large proportion are credentials for persona that no longer exist &/or never existed (aka "synthetic" persona). Fixing the payment system not only could mean major loss of profit ... but crooks shifting to the next lowest hanging fruit would also be a major new expense with possible upswing in "new account fraud" (for which financial industry has no other business entities that they can charge the costs off to, as well make profit off the fraud).

Now outside the US, payment industry has been able to make the increase in payment fees for "safer" technologies more palatable by getting regulation changes to the "burden of proof". In the US, reg-e has burden-of-proof in any dispute on the insitution to show fault/fraud by the consumer. The changes in some countries has resulted in any dispute, the consumer has to prove that they weren't at fault.

There have been cases in the UK, where consumers claimed that they didn't do fraudulent transactions at the ATM machine, where the bank told them that the video recording couldn't be found (to prove it wasn't the consumer; in the US, the bank would have to produce the video in order to prove it was the consumer).

past posts mentioning merchant cognitive dissonance:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#15 Public Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#75 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#79 PIN entry on digital signatures + extra token
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#4 GPG
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#5 GPG
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#29 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#32 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#51 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#60 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#62 Solving password problems one at a time, Re: The password-reset paradox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#64 What happened to X9.59?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#51 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#49 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#62 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#1 IT Story New Standard For EU-Compliant Electronic Signatures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#17 Chip and PIN is Broken!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#21 Should the USA Implement EMV?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#54 Trust Facade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#10 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#26 Root Zone DNSSEC Deployment Technical Status Update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#52 Payment Card Industry Pursues Profits Over Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#23 Fight Fraud with Device ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#48 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#58 Pipeline and Network Security: Protecting a Series of Tubes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#56 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#38 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#39 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#15 Wicked Problems --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Feb, 2012
Subject: Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#68 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

Note that the wild duck poster web page
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/GO/wildDuck.html
references these IBM references
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/ibmsongbook.html
the above references this about SGML:
http://www.users.cloud9.net/~bradmcc/sgmlnote.html

which says SGML was "invented" by Goldfarb circa 1980 at IBM.

Note that GML was invented at the Science Center in 1969 ... GML was chosen since it is the first letter of the last name ("G", "M", and "L") of people at the science center. GML tag processing is then added the CMS "script" command (which was a re-implementation of the CTSS runoff command) ... misc. past posts mentioning GML & SGML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml
misc. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

A decade later, GML morphs into an ISO international standard SGML. A decade after that, SGML morphs into HTML at CERN
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/
... and the first web server outside europe was on SLAC VM/370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

Quote from Les Comeau:
Perhaps what is significant is not the ability to sit down and plan invention but the ability to recognize innovation when it occurs spontaneously

opening line from his 1982 SEAS (European SHARE) "CP/40 - The Original of VM/370" presentation on the creation of CP/40 at the Cambridge Science Center. He recently sent me a scan of the paper, I've OCR'ed it and made it available:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

tripped over another recent brainstorming article

Annals of Ideas; Groupthink; The brainstorming myth
http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2012/01/30/120130fa_fact_lehrer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 10 Feb, 2012
Subject: Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/EKKGus

recent post int "Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframe" ... that current processor latency ... measured in number of instructions ... for main memory access ... is about the same as the number of instruction latency for a disk access in the 60s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#57

In the 70s I was started to notice that disk access was increasingly becoming major system throughput bottleneck. I was becoming more & more vocal ... and this is example in the early 80s about comparison between late 60s cp67 360/67 system and a early 80s vm370 3081 system and commented that the relative system performance of disk had declined by an order of magnitude in 15yr period (systems got appox.50 times faster ... while disks got less than five times faster) ... part of the numbers previously posted in this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31

The disk division executives took exception to my observations and assigned the division performance group to refute them. After a few weeks, they basically came back and said that I had slightly understated the problem This was eventually turned into B874 presentation at SHARE 63 about disk configuration & tuning recommendations ... little pieces from the presentation in this old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68

for other trivia ... I had done the original design and implementation for CMSBACK ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback

that was deployed at internal datacenters. I then work with other people for a number of additional subsequent releases ... and then there was a dedicated group assigned to support it. A much later version was eventually released as workstation datasave facility ... which morphs into ADSM ... and then when the disk division is unloaded, ADSM is transferred and becomes TSM ... misc. past posts mentioning backup, archive, cmsback, wdsf, adsm &/or tsm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

random other posts about being let to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 on the San Jose main plant site
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Doing Some Restructuring?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Feb 2012 08:25:13 -0800
edjaffe@PHOENIXSOFTWARE.COM (Edward Jaffe) writes:

http://socialbarrel.com/ibm-job-cuts-in-germany-8000-may-be-laid-off/31574/

Rumor has it that IBM is laying off up to 40% of its workforce in Germany. At the same time they are testing a new global temporary worker program that they believe can speed up project implementation by 30% and reduce costs by 1/3.


recently item/discussion in (closed linkedin group) "Greater IBM":

How IBM saved $300 million by going agile; Behind the scenes on IBM's agile transformation Look, ma! The elephant's dancing even faster!
https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/mydeveloperworks/blogs/invisiblethread/entry/ibm-agile-transformation-how-ibm-saved-300-million-by-going-agile?lang=en

my post/response in the thread:
for comparison see this (1982 SEAS aka European SHARE) presentation on development of cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt


... snip ...

and in another blog somewhere, somebody did a recent review of Gerstner's "Who Says Elephants Can't Dance?"
http://www.amazon.com/Elephants-Dance-Inside-Historic-Turnaround/dp/0060523794

and my response ...
A couple recent posts mentioning Gerstner's resurrection of IBM in ("closed" linkedin) Greater IBM (current&former employees)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57

above mentions "Age of Greed" discussing a few wallstreet players (including Gerstner) during 80s&90s.

also in (open linkedin) "Mainframe Experts" -- really long-winded post discussing runup to IBM going into the red
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92

above mentions "Strategic Intuition" that somewhat compares Microsoft, Apple, Google and Gerstner's resurrection of IBM

another "Greater IBM" in "Can a business be democratic? Tom Watson Sr. thought so" discussion -- some reference to factors leading up to Gerstner's resurrection of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#104

and repeated again in this "Greater IBM" discussion: "Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#68 and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72


... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Winds of Reform

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 11 Feb, 2012
Subject: The Winds of Reform
Blog: Facebook
Behind paywall, but lives on at wayback machine: 7Mar1983 Chuck Spinney TIME; Boyd would say that they spent 18months preparing for this article.

The Winds of Reform
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

its nearly 30yrs later and it doesn't appear as if a whole lot has changed

Trivia, a co-worker called up Spinney when the article appeared and Spinney told him that he should really talk to John and gave him John's phone number. After talking to John, the co-worker came to me and asked me to sponsor Boyd's briefing at IBM. Some old email refs here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html#boyd1

something more recent:

An Insider's Guide To Decoding the Pentagon Budget
http://defense.aol.com/2012/02/09/an-insiders-guide-to-decoding-the-pentagon-budget/

references "The Pentagon Labyrinth: 10 Short Essasy to Help You Through"
http://dnipogo.org/labyrinth/

The Pentagon Labyrinth in pdf:
http://pogoarchives.org/labyrinth/full-labyrinth-text-w-covers.pdf

Chuck Spinney's blog:
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/

some recent

The Defense Death Spiral; Why the Pentagon is Always Underfunded
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/links-to-my-reports.html
The Heritage Foundation Then and Now
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2012/01/descent-into-deepest-ignominy.html

and

URLs &/or posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

recent posts mentioning spinney &/or pentagon labyrinth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#27 Searching for John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#93 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#36 NASA proves once again that, for it, the impossible is not even difficult
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#83 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#33 The real cost of outsourcing (and offshoring)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#65 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#28 US military spending has increased 81% since 2001
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#43 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#32 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#70 Pentagon Struggles To Keep Ships Sailing, Planes Flying As Budget Cuts Loom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#33 China Builds Fleet of Small Warships While U.S. Drifts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#10 Preparing for Boyd II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#42 Senator urges DoD: Do better job defending F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#49 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#88 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#8 The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#17 Washington's Cult of Continuous Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#62 The true cost of 9/11: Trillions and trillions wasted on wars, a fiscal catastrophe, and a weaker America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#65 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#20 UAV vis-a-vis F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#38 The Mark to Market Fantasy Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#48 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#51 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#13 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Doing Some Restructuring?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Feb 2012 07:03:21 -0800
edjaffe@PHOENIXSOFTWARE.COM (Edward Jaffe) writes:
It's hard for me to understand how any serious development projects can be done by temps. Software development is not a math problem. You can't just throw "bodies" at it to get things done more quickly. You need a smallish group of highly skilled people--the kind that usually have permanent "gigs"--and time for them to learn the infrastructure and architecture before they can be truly useful. Also, as with any complex subject, the learning curves can be fairly steep.

OTOH, perhaps the "projects" they're envisioning don't involve actual development. Maybe they involve customization of OTS packages?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74 IBM Doing Some Restructuring

The cp40 paper makes references that small group of skilled experienced people are much more effective (which would also be cost effective) to large hords

at the science center we would make references to heads rolled uphill for failed projects and/or piling bodies to try and save failing projects ... was attactive to executives since they tended to be compensated proportional to bodies in the executives organizations. Problems were frequently proportional to lack of skill/experience ... but then they would attempt to reframe lack of skill/experience as some innate difficulty of the task (as opposed to lack of skills/experience) ... requiring large hordes, much larger organization, etc.

this shows up in spades in the Future System failure ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

also referenced in this recent (Greater IBM) post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#104 Can a business be democratic? Tom Watson Sr. thought so

a smaller scale comparison was the System/R effort ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

that initially got out as SQL/DS ... being below the corporate radar as all focus was on the massive EAGLE effort ... then when EAGLE failed ... there was request how fast could there be a port of System/R - SQL/DS to MVS ... for what becomes DB2.

There is also large intersection with the growing Success of Failure culture ... mentioned in this article
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
but has been around in quite some time in many industries.

A possible short-term window is that there may be a pocket of high-skilled/experienced people that have been laid off in various employment actions ... which could be available as temporary workers. This would tend to be a temporary anomoly in a culture transitioning from long-term, high-skilled workers to lots of focus on 3month horizon. This is also reflected in statistics of private-equity LBOs where the focus on short-term payback is eliminating lots of of R&D (that tends to have payback long after the private-equity event). in another recent (Greater IBM) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
also discussed in these posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#54 Report: Fed Officials Joke About Housing Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#47 Where are all the old tech workers?

past references to growing Success of Failure culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#41 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#38 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#5 Off-topic? When governments ask computers for an answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#0 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#32 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#34 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#36 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#33 China Builds Fleet of Small Warships While U.S. Drifts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#48 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#8 The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#17 Washington's Cult of Continuous Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#30 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#39 Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#66 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#145 What's Wrong With the US Defense R&D Budget?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#39 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#42 Strategy subsumes culture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2012 10:16:37 -0500
recently finished "The Man Who Loved China"
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Loved-China-P-S-ebook/dp/B0017T09J0

biography about Needham who is partially driven by question how did China go from being far ahead of the west to being far behind the west.

This is also discussed in Diamond's "Guns, Germs, and Steel"
http://www.amazon.com/Guns-Germs-Steel-Societies-ebook/dp/B000VDUWMC
recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#1 Lessons Learned
and earlier in these threads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#24 PC Industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#33 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#34 The PC industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2012 10:57:39 -0500
Olafur Gunnlaugsson <oligunnlaugs@gmail.com> writes:
In Japan they commercialised all kinds of wireless electronic payment technologies in the 80's and 90's, secure credit-cards were first used in Europe in the early 80's, none of these have made it to the USA yet or if so only in limited numbers, similarly the European style smartphone took a decade to make it to NA except as a curiosity. When any of these technologies makes it to the USA it will in most cases have USA brand names such as Visa, American Express and Apple, that does not mean that they are new, nor that they originated in the USA or that they were first commercialised in the USA, it just means that they have American branding. We have American style chickens and Indian style Naan in Europe, in most cases with European and local branding, that does not mean that either of these products are originally European nor that they were originally commercialised in Europe.

chip-based payment cards (originally "stored-value") were used in Europe ... large part motivated by the scarcity and high-cost of telco ... compared to the US ... i.e. US was doing online telco transactions with magstripe ... the European trade-off was extra costs of the chips against the lack/cost of telco services. In the early 90s, online magstripe version of the European card started appearing in the US as merchant &/or gift (stored-value) cards.

the first US implementation of the merchant/gift card used an high-availability configuration that early on (within the first year) had an "incident" that lost current balance. We had recently left after having done HA/CMP at IBM ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and were brought in as consultants to audit the operation and revue the "incident" ... of the high-availability implementation by this other vendor. This included a presentation by the vendor's general manager that thier high-availability product reported to. Part of his presentation was nearly word-for-word marketing pitch that I had written for ha/cmp.

There were a number of small stored-valued, chipcard pilots in the US in the 90s ... and then we were asked to design, size, and cost the dataprocessing backend that supported a full-scale production roll-out for one of the european products. However, i also did a business profile of the operation and determined that the major justification was that the operator got to keep the "float" on the values stored in the card. Then European central banks issued an notice that the operations could keep the float as part of covering the startup costs but would have to shortly start to pay interest on unspent balance in the cards. Shortly after that, most of these chipcards disappeared from the market (operators having lost financial motivation). A possibly contributing factor was Europe was also starting to see increase in telco connectivity as well as decrease in cost.

Recent, really long-winded discussion of chipcards, hardware tokens, etc (also has some discussions about various pilots in the US a decade ago and reasons why they disappeared)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings

part of the above is that in the current "online" paradigm, the interchange fees (charged merchants) are proportional to related payment type fraud ... and these fees have represented 40-60% of bottom line for large us financial institutions compared to less than 10% for european institutions. a transition to real "secure" would significantly decrease fraud, with theoritically cut in interchange fees by order-of-magnitude ... with a proportional hit to financial institution bottom line.

misc. past posts mentioning float and stored-value chipcards:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm21.htm#1 Is there any future for smartcards?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#23 Payment systems - the explosion of 1995 is happening in 2006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#31 On-card displays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#42 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#49 Price point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#digcash IP: Re: Why we don't use digital cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm7.htm#idcard2 AGAINST ID CARDS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsmore.htm#eleccash re:The Law of Digital Cash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#12 US fiscal policy (Was: Bob Bemer, Computer Pioneer,Father of ASCII,Invento
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#14 Value of an old IBM PS/2 CL57 SX Laptop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#90 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#84 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#53 Digital cash is the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#34 How do group members think the US payments business will evolve over the next 3 years?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#7 Payments start-up Noca takes aim at interchange Achilles heel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#26 Return of the Smart Card?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#35 Microsoft Is Among the First to Try out PayPal's New Payments API
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#73 A mighty fortress is our PKI, Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#79 Five Theses on Security Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#79 Question: Why Has Debit Grown So Quickly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#84 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#7 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CSSMTP and AUTH LOGIN smtp command

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CSSMTP and AUTH LOGIN smtp command
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 12 Feb 2012 08:30:16 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
So even if plaintext is enough for the time being, any requirement you submit to IBM should ask for a full implementation.

related, recent long-winded post in a different mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings

i've been somewhat paranoid for some quite some time ... part of it may have been requirement that IBM required that all links be encrypted ... in the mid-80s, there was claim that over half of link encryptors in the world were on the corporate internal network. misc. past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internal

recent post referencing realizing that there were three kinds of encryption:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail

semi-related ... old email discussing doing pgp-like email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email810506
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email810515

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Feb, 2012
Subject: U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
Blog: Facebook
U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
http://www.forbes.com/sites/seanlawson/2012/02/11/u-s-cybersecurity-debate-risks-leaving-critical-infrastructure-in-the-dark/

possibly not because of lack of debate ... but because of the pervasive Success of Failure culture. As an aside ... I've done some work on glossary&taxonomy (how to think about subject):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/index.html#glosnote

Past post about adding CVE entries to taxonomy:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#56
and talking to the Mitre people about doing better job of classifying reports
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#43
... cve
http://cve.mitre.org/

a few recent posts mentioning Success of Failure culture:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#39 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#42 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#76 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2012 14:13:40 -0500
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
I recall a utility for sending messages between users on the university 370, I'm not sure if it was native or part of Phoenix. Hmm and from a little earlier a system for sending messages between users on the tech's Eclipse - but I'm pretty sure that one only worked between logged in users.

Real global email between users of unconnected systems started with UUCP AFAIK.


some amount of the internal network was unconnected and dialup ... especially during much of the 70s ... predating UUCP. internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late 85 or early 86 ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

in fact, an analogy comparison between arpanet and the internal network in the 70s was that arpanet email was like USPS that in order to send a letter from New York City to Nome, Alaska ... it could only happen when every post office between NYC and Nome was up and operational ... which wasn't a requirement for the internal network, UUCP, and/or the univ BITNET/EARN based on the internal network technology ... some past posts mentioning BITNET/EARN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

Note that internal network technology originated at Cambridge Science Center ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some of the CTSS people had gone to the science center on the 4th flr and others went to Multics on the 5th flr. "The History of Electronic MAIL":
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html

For total trivia drfit ... a major force behind XTP was the person that created UUCP ... I was on the XTP technical advisory board ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

misc of my old email in various past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html

misc. past posts with '85 estimate of various network nodes aka BITNET, ARPAnet, CSnet, VNET (aka internal network), EasyNet, UUCP, and USENET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#26 DEC eNet: was Vnet : Unbelievable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#50 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#2 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#6 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#12 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#18 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#45 Usenet - Dead? Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#9 Comprehensive security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#30 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#75 Posts missing from ibm-main on google groups

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mathematics < Integrity = Financial Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Feb, 2012
Subject: Mathematics < Integrity = Financial Fraud
Blog: Facebook
Mathematics < Integrity = Financial Fraud
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/02/berto-jongman-mathematics-integrity-financial-fraud/
and

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/feb/12/black-scholes-equation-credit-crunch

Some amount of this is obfuscation and misdirection. There are quite a few stories that wallstreet business people overrode risk managers and directed them to fiddle the inputs until got the desired outputs (GIGO) ... this has been obliquely referenced recently in calls for risk managers be at a corporate level where they can't be overridden by the business people.

... old article from 2008:
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/
... but there are others for much of the last decade

2007 article (references WSJ article from 2yrs earlier) ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20080221191939/http://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2007/Dec/20/Kamakura_Releases_Study:_How_Conventional_CDO_Analytics_Missed_the_Mark.html

some recent posts mentioning 2008 article:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#75 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#67 How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis

some recent posts mentioning Kamakura:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#87 Scientists use maths to predict 'the end of religion' - Repost
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#81 How Joe and Mary Six Pack Saved Wall Street, London, Frankfurt and Big Corporates in the USA and Europe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#82 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2012 15:08:42 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse

recent post in ibm-main mailing list (originating on bitnet in the 80s) with some more wiki & other web refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#46 What s going on in the redbooks site?

CSNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSNET

BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

Usenet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usenet

LISTSERV
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV

NSFNET network & backbone RFP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Science_Foundation_Network

some old NSFNET backbone related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

RSCS (technology used in internal network and bitnet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSCS

some old internal network related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet

technology mostly done by person at science center
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

somebody did an ipad app
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cool-to-be-clever-edson-hendricks/id483020515?mt=8

and some www ... GML was invented at the science center in 1969 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

a decade later it morphs into iso international standard sgml ... and after another decade it morphs into html at cern ... ref:
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

then first web server in the US is on the slac vm/370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

reference to cp40 at the science center, which later morphs into cp67 and then later vm370 (author recently sent me scan of the paper & I ocr'ed it):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Conversation with Peter Thiel

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Feb, 2012
Subject: A Conversation with Peter Thiel
Blog: Facebook
A Conversation with Peter Thiel
http://www.the-american-interest.com/article.cfm?piece=1187

from the wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Thiel
In 2004, well before the financial crisis of 2007-2010 bore him out in general terms, Thiel spoke of the dot-com bubble of 2000 having migrated, in effect, into a growing bubble in the financial sector.
... snip ...

I was told early in the century, that some of the same investment bankers that had been involved in both the S&L crisis and the internet bubble, were then involved in mortgage-backed securities. This corresponds to Rolling Stone's Matt Taibbi Griftopia:
http://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-ebook/dp/B003F3FJS2

We saw investment bankers during the internet bubble doing an IPO mill ... it was desirable to have companies fail after their IPO ... since it left the field open for the next IPO. We got caught up critizing various of the entities that were designed to fail.

misc. past posts mentioning Griftopia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#21 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#90 CFTC Limits on Commodity Speculation May Wait Until Early 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#17 Hey all you Old Geeks (and younger ones too), with gas heading towards $6.00/gal, remote support, satellite offices and home office will become more cost effective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#40 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#46 Sand in Machine Makes a Stable Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#76 FIA shocked and outraged after Senator leaks oil trading data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#89 The Grand Message in the Conceptual Spiral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#21 HOLLOW STATES and a CRISIS OF CAPITALISM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#18 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#47 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#61 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#130 vampires in financial infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#144 Fingerspitzengefühl

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2012 17:44:32 -0500
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
After I happened on the SEND command, I spent some time writing a CLIST and ISPF panel to front end the send command.

The panel consisted of a place for a userid and space to type about 20 lines of text. I called it MAILIT.

It was useful for quick messages from one developer to the next.

After I noticed one of the developers making a date using MAILIT I had to warn them. Anything sent by TSO send was visible to anyone looking at the console log.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse

long ago and far away ... as unix workstations were starting to appear internally ... I wrote "REMAIL" in rexx ... old post with announcement (87/09/28) made available inside corporation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#50 Using rexx to send an email
and more detail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#82 A History of VM Performance

I've pontificated a lot in the past was that the communication group was doing everything they could holding the line on dumb terminal paradigm (and their terminal emulation install base)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

and the communication group applied lots of pressure and mis-information getting the internal network converted to SNA ... when it would have been enormously more effective to have converted the internal network to tcp/ip. a couple old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

as well as mis-information that the NSFNET backbone could be SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
other old NSFNET related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

a recent related post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#32 New IBM mainframe instructions

There was tcp/ip product developed for VM370 that was used internally as well as sold to customers ... but the tcp/ip networks were separate from the internal network. The purpose of REMAIL was that it could be left running at individual's personal vm370/cms account and act as gateway forwarding email between the internal network and the person's workstation (converting internal email to 822 format and sending it via tcp/ip).

For other drift ... the standard vm370 tcp/ip product was implemented in vs/pascal ... had none of the buffer length exploits common in c-language implementations ... some past posts on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

but had some performance issues ... running on 3090 took nearly whole processor getting 44kbytes/sec thruput. I did the enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning work at Cray Research between 4341-clone and Cray machine ... got channel media thruput using only modest amount of the 4341 (possibly 500 times improvement in the number of instructions executed per byte moved). misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Now, I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s (folklore was when the executive committee, aka chairman, ceo, pres, etc, was told about computer conferencing and the internal network, 5of6 wanted to fire me).

Somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office and take notes on how I communicated, face-to-face, telephone, etc ... they also went with me to meetings. They got copies of all my incoming & outgoing email and logs of all "instant messages". The material was used for a research report, a Stanford PHD thesis (joint between Lanuguage and Computer AI), and several papers and books. some past posts mentioning computer mediated conversation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Spontaneous conduction

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Feb, 2012
Subject: Spontaneous conduction
Blog: Boyd Strategy
re:
http://lnkd.in/qKk9TP
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#60 Spontaneous conduction

There has been recommendations that the first qualification for a leader is somebody that doesn't want the job.

Another example are situations where specific members of professional societies attempt to involve the organization in issues totally unrelated to the professional activity ... possibly because nobody is paying attention to the individual's viewpoints ... and they hope to leverage to stature of the professional society for their private agenda.

The ibm-main mailing list is in the midst of announcement about IBM doing some restructuring to be more efficient. One of the observations is that an aspect of the Success of Failure culture ... sometimes enormous resources are thrown trying to head off a looming disaster. With executive ("leader") compensation frequently being proportional to size of organization ... it is in the interest of the leader to have lots of problems requiring more resources. a post from late yesterday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74
and one from this morning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#76

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Benefit and The Burden

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 12 Feb, 2012
Subject: The Benefit and The Burden
Blog: Facebook
The Benefit and The Burden
http://www.amazon.com/Benefit-Burden-ebook/dp/B005LJEVDM

Broadcast of Moyers & Company just had interview with author. He made statement that last decade, the gov. would pass laws and then hamstrung the agencies in enforcing the regulations, fulfilling the claims that the agencies didn't work (with specific examples of SEC). This can be seen with Sarbanes-Oxley (in wake of Enron and Worldcom) and then GAO reports showing uptic in public company fraudulent financial filings even after SOX:
http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/gao-06-1079sp/

recent posts mentioning gao.gov report:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#1 The war on terabytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#18 SEC v. Citigroup, How to Avoid (Greater) Disaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#26 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#44 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#53 Can America Lead the World's Fight Against Corruption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 13 Feb, 2012
Subject: Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#68 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

The full name of the group is "Disciples of Boyd's Strategy" (not just "Disciples of Boyd") ... this includes his OODA-loop that is taught in some MBA courses and other places. reference to first scheduling Boyd's briefings at IBM (and ibm employee education recommending that general employees not be invited to attend)
http://lnkd.in/3yBpyr

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s (folklore is that when the executive committee was informed about the online computer conferencing, 5of6 wanted to fire me). Part of online computer conferencing was referred to as Tandem Memos ... from ibm jargon:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products.

... snip ...

and related, also from ibm jargon:

MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

... snip ...

The above is slightly misleading. When Jim left for Tandem, he was palming stuff off on me ... consulting with IMS database group, interfacing to customers running system/r (original relational/sql implementation) ... some old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016

and Tandem Memos was somewhat started after I distributed a trip report visiting Jim at Tandem ... however, 20Sep1980 version of "MIP Envy" as Jim was leaving
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
in this post discussing "Jim is Missing"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17

Jim was never found even though the industry mounted a massive search (including Google retasking satellites). There was then a memorial for Jim at Berkeley ... reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#32 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#36 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#27

past posts mentioning original relational/SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

posts in a recent thread in a.f.c. newsgroup going into some of the internal network and online computer conferencing in some more detail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85

includes reference that somewhat in the wake of tandem memos, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office for nine months taking notes on how I communicated, face-to-face, telephone, etc ... they also went with me to meetings, got copies of all my incoming and outgoing email and log of all instant messages. The result was research report and Stanford PHD thesis (joint language and Computer AI) as well as some number of papers and books. some past posts on computer mediate conversation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Also eventually, somewhat in the wake of Tandem Memos ... there was an officially sanctioned internal implementation of online computer conferencing done ... which had moderators that controlled what was allowed and what wasn't allowed to be said. There used to be jokes that periodically I was responsible for over half of all posts in the corporate online computer conferencing (open to all employees); I've mellowed significantly since then.

With regard to suggestion program ... in the very early 80s, there was a program started to have everybody assign security classification to everything. Part of this was directive to classify individual CMS files. I wrote a suggestion that CMS individual files were more analogous to members in MVS PDS file ... and so that individual CMS filesystems should be classified ... not individual CMS files ... at savings of several tens of millions of dollars annually (across the whole corporation). The suggestion was rejected as not acceptable ... and then a couple months later the corporate directive was changed to reflect my suggestion.

there is currently active thread in ibm-main computer conferencing mailing list (customer mainframe discussion) that is somewhat related to the $300m savings by going agile ... except in the ibm-main case it is also discussing news article about laying off people (associating the layoffs with the savings) ... a couple of my comments in the discussion:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#76

other people's comments in the discussion are reminiscent of various parts of the Tandem Memo discussions from more than 30yrs ago.

With regard to Boyd ... I've periodically commented before that one of the reasons that I felt affinity to Boyd and his OODA-loop was that I had pioneered dynamic adaptive control algorithms in the 60s as undergraduate (which got picked up and shipped in IBM products)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Mon, 13 Feb 2012 09:54:37 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
Minitel (IIRC) required a special terminal available only from the PTT. Timesharing in the US didn't begin to take off until "Carterphone" opened up the network for everyone. What makes the internet work so well is that it's largely available for everyone to create content and to access it however they want, whether from a desktop, laptop, iPhone, tablet, or what have you. The WWW was not developed by government mandate, but largely by one guy. (T B-L).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85 The PC industry is heading for collapse

note that in the late 80s/early 90s, the federal government had the GOSIP mandate ... that the internet would be eliminated and everything forced to transission to OSI.

one of the criticsm of OSI was that it reflected the PTT point-of-view ... basically vendor operated network ... the standardization would promote commodity hardware and applications ... but was still PTT-centric.

The big contribution of internetworking protocol ... was a layer that provided for the internetworking of networks.

we ran into that with XTP when it was taken to x3s3.3 (ISO chartered US standards body that handled standards that correspond to level 3&4 in the OSI model) for standardization as HSP (high-speed protocol). It was rejected because ISO had requirement that standardization could only be done for things that conformed to the OSI model and XTP/HSP was rejected because it violated the OSI model:

1) supported LAN MAC interface ... something that doesn't exist in the OSI model ... is approximately in the middle of OSI layer 3

2) went directly from transport layer (layer 4) directly to LAN MAC interface ... bypassing OSI layer 3/layer 4 interface

3) supported the internetworking layer ... which doesn't exist in the OSI model

another critism of OSI & ISO in general ... was that ISO didn't actually require something to be implementable to be passed as standard. IETF has required that there be at least two interoperable implementations before progression in the standards proces.

misc. past posts mentioning XTP/HSP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

for other topic drift ... my index of IETF (internet) RFC standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

for other trivia .. part of the application that generates the above was identifying inconsistencies ... and Postel use to let me provide the information for inclusion in STD-1.

the GOSIP forces were so strong ... that at Interop '88 ... there were a bunch of OSI applications being shown in various booths ... misc. past posts mentioning Interop '88
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Doing Some Restructuring?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 13 Feb 2012 07:14:27 -0800
Arthur.Gutowski@COMPUWARE.COM (Art Gutowski) writes:
Patterned after centuries (millenia?) of cultural character - raze the conquered and build your empire on the remains.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#76 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?

I had sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the 80s ... and he had a very interesting scenario for this. some Boyd URLs from around the web as well as past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Part of his briefings was that at the entry to WW2, the Army had to deploy a huge forces with little or no experience. To leverage the small amount of skilled/experienced resources they created a rigid, top-down command and control structure. He would then observe that this was then starting to have a significant downside on US corporate culture ... as former young WW2 officers, skilled in rigid, top-down command&control structures were started to climb corporate ladders. They were beginning to implement similar infrastructures that assumed only the very few at the very top knew what they were doing and required rigid controls for large hordes that didn't know what they were doing.

Something similar was touched on in Tandem Memos (even before I met Boyd) ... from IBM Jargon

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s & early 80s (part of which was Tandem Memos) ... misc. past posts mentioning the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

part of the folklore was that when the executive committee was informed of online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

Boyd's explanation has been used more recently to explain a report that the ratio of executive compensation to employee compensation had exploded to 400:1 ("Age of Greed", mentioned in earlier post, claims it spiked over 500:1), after having been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 for most of the rest of the world.

The other downside is that people at the bottom, that may appear to know what they are doing, can be viewed as a threat.

other recent posts mentioning "Age of Greed":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#12 Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#29 The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 13 Feb 2012 10:28:09 -0500
Ibmekon writes:
How odd, I read Peters post and thought that Tim Berners-Lee had cleverly created a human style language for the computer. Interleaving data and program commands to add value to the data - as intonation and delivery in speech.

So computers could GOSIP...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#89 The PC industry is heading for collapse

and upthread post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse

GML was invented at the science center in 1969 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

and a decade later it morphs into ISO international standard sgml ... and after another decade it morphs into html at cern ... ref:
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

then first web server in the US is on the slac vm/370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

history of 1969 invention of GML at the science center
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/jasis.htm
and
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/roots.htm

motivation which starts off with somewhat self-describing data/tags for legal documents

misc. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Mon, 13 Feb 2012 10:37:11 -0500
The Natural Philosopher <tnp@invalid.invalid> writes:
I remember it all well.

BUT the fact of the matter was that you could set up a UUCP mail system for a few quid that did just about everything that a massively expensive OSI mail system did.

So for may companies it was a shot to nothing. I've put modems on massively large minicomputer systems in my time..

And those UUCP systems could be gatewayed into the very small and mainly academic Internet there was, to provide global reach.

People wanted that global reach, but unless you were part of the IBM mail system or IIRC ATTT or SPRINT X400 systems, you couldn't get it any other way.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#81 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#83 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#85 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#89 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#91 The PC industry is heading for collapse

I've already mentioned that the person that created UUCP (when he was at AT&T) also was the person that originated XTP ... and the primary person pushing it (when he was at SGI) ... misc. past posts mentioning XTP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

for other triva drift ... there was a satellite usenet broadcast ... I got free modem, dish, and service for writing a number of drivers for the modem. a picture of me in the backyard with the R/O dish
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/pagesat.jpg

pagesat dish

also co-authored article in boardwatch magazine (at the time a bbs industry publication):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#38 Vanishing Posts...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#66 UUCP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#16 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#20 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#17 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#16 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#21 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#75 Posts missing from ibm-main on google groups

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 13 Feb, 2012
Subject: Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#68 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#88 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From

... and this:
http://lnkd.in/3yBpyr

mentions that this 7March1983 article ... gone behind paywall ... but lives free at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

kicked off the sequence of events that resulted in my first sponsoring Boyd's briefings at IBM. The other topic in the referenced Boyd group discussion is about employees having access to information not controlled by management. This was also part of the theme that came up in Tandem Memos and online computer conferencing on the internal network.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

another place that it occurred was VMSHARE. TYMSHARE had developed a computer conferencing system that they made available on their vm370/cms online commercial service. In AUG1976, they made it available for free to the (IBM user group) SHARE as VMSHARE. I then make arrangements to get full copies of all VMSHARE files to make it available on the internal network. One of the biggest problems was negotiations with the corporate lawyers who were afraid that employees might be contaminated by VMSHARE information.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

recent posts on the subject in the ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#49

Another trivial example was in 1974 CERN (where world-wide-web and HTML happened) did a comparison of TSO and vm370/cms and presented a paper on the comparison at SHARE. Copies of the paper inside the corporation was stamped "IBM Confidential - Restricted" (even tho is was a publicly available report outside IBM) ... aka restricted to need to know basis only (afraid that employees might be contaminated by the information in the paper comparing TSO and vm370/CMS).

for other topic drift ... this is recent, really long-winded discussion in a private mailing list discussion group ... about work on passwords, authentication, and what is now frequently called "electronic commerce" as well as other aspects of the payment industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71

this is a similar but different recent discussion about relationship between what is now called "electronic commerce" and IBM super computer announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#3

and ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

public key, encryption and trust

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 14 Feb, 2012
Subject: public key, encryption and trust
Blog: private mailing list
or: PKI, SSL, and Trust

from long ago and far away ... old discussion on pgp-like public key proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email810506
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email810515

and

Financial Cryptography: PKI and SSL - the jaws of trust snap shut
https://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001359.html

reference on Google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/ieyv8yLzUaq

and earlier item on Google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/2Jm1eHa9L4Z

with respect to:

http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2012/02/why-the-global-system-is-killing-trust.html

Why The Global System is Killing Trust


the following references the above ...

Four Sources of Trust, Crypto Not Scaling
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/02/john-robb-four-sources-of-trust-crypto-not-scaling/

My response:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#70

was that much of the data involves financial operations which is using a broken paradigm. I've used a couple metaphors for the situation

1) security-proportional-to-risk metaphor ... in previous posts I've mentioned financial institutions having motivation from making profit off of fraud. The result is that the value of financial transaction information to the merchant is the profit from the transaction ... possibly only a couple dollars ... and in the case of the transaction processor, possibly only a couple of pennies (per transaction). The value of the information to the crooks is the account-balance &/or credit limit ... frequently several hundred to several thousand dollars. As a result, the crooks can afford to outspend the merchant/processor defenders (attacking the system) ... potentially by factor of one hundred times.

2) dual-use metaphor; much of the financial transaction information is required for dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the world and therefor needs to be readily available. However, it is this very same information that crooks can leverage for performing fraudulent transactions ... which requires that the information is kept confidential and never divulged. The resulting diametrically opposing requirements means that even if the planet were buried under miles of information hiding crypto, it still couldn't prevent information leakage.

as previously referenced
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71

the x9.59 standards work in the mid-90s, eliminated the crooks being able to use the information for fraudulent transactions ... and therefor the requirement to hide the information. that eliminates both the security proportional to risk metaphor problem as well as the dual-use metaphor problem.

I've in the past noted about working with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on the server and they had invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use ... with the result being "SSL" major use in the world today is hiding the transaction information (as countermeasure to crooks using the information). x9.59 standard eliminates the need to hide the information and therefor also eliminates a major use of "SSL" in the world today.

The other issue was that after investigating "SSL" ... there were several recommendations about use/deployment/etc of the pieces in order to meet security objectives. However, almost immediately many of those requirements were almost immediately violated ... resulting in many of the problems seen since then.

Part of the issue is that "SSL" provides trust between the browser URL and the webserver being talked to. It required that the user provide the trust between the webserver the user thought they were talking to and the URL .... in order to provide end-to-end trust between the "webserver the user thought they were talking to" and the "webserver they were actually talking to". Part of this was that the user manually entered the SSL URL of the webserver they desired to talk to ... and SSL was used for the whole session.

Almost immediately, webservers found that SSL cut their throughput by 80-95% and they dropped back to just using SSL for paying/checkout. As a result the initial webserver connection wasn't validated (not user provided SSL URL) ... and then the webserver would provide a checkout/pay button which generated the URL for SSL. There is now a disconnect with the user having no awareness of the trust/meaning of the URL being generated ... and the whole process/procedure is now broken (the SSL paradigm requires that the user provides the trust in the SSL URL and SSL provides the trust between the SSL URL and the corresponding webserver).

This click-on generated URL also shows in phishing email ... asking users to click on fields that generate the URL for the browser ... even if it is a SSL URL ... the only thing it does is provide assurance that whatever the webserver claims to be is the webserver that it is (as opposed to being the webserver that the user thinks it is).

... oh, and almost immediately I coined the term merchant comfort certificates ... reference that the way e-commerce was using SSL wasn't for trust, but to provide users with sense of comfort.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 14 Feb, 2012
Subject: Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2012/02/bank-of-america-fined-1-billion-for-mortgage-fraud.html

some of the the risk management stuff from the period ....

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/
Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'
http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/

and managed to do $27T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs during the bubble
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

some of BofA was what they bought after the bubble burst ... no. 1 in time's list of those responsible for the financial crisis
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

There has also been several recent comments that low billions in fines (the above reference talks about closer to $10B than $1B) can be just viewed as part of cost of doing business when trillions were involved.

and old reference from the #1 responsible for the financial crisis

If Countrywide is the root of all mortgage evil, why aren't its numbers worse?
http://business.time.com/2007/08/27/if_countrywide_is_the_root_of/

i.e. countrywide (now BofA) isn't the only player here

There have been recent oblique references to some of the risk management issues ... one has been suggestions that risk management being elevated to corporate level that they couldn't be overruled by business people

misc. past posts mentioning times list of 25 responsible for the financial crisis:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#38 People to Blame for the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#39 'WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#49 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#55 Who will give Citigroup the KNOCKOUT blow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#10 Who will Survive AIG or Derivative Counterparty Risk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#13 Should we fear and hate derivatives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#38 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#53 What every taxpayer should know about what caused the current Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#5 Do the current Banking Results in the US hide a grim truth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#76 Undoing 2000 Commodity Futures Modernization Act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#54 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#74 Administration calls for financial system overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#77 Financial Regulatory Reform - elimination of loophole allowing special purpose institutions outside Bank Holding Company (BHC) oversigh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#16 TIME's Annual Journey: 1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#18 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#21 The Big Takeover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#30 An Amazing Document On Madoff Said To Have Been Sent To SEC In 2005
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#35 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#5 Internal fraud isn't new, but it's news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#56 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#51 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#92 Who's to Blame for the Meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#9 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#36 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#40 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#29 Obama: "We don't have enough engineers"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#8 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#18 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#19 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#30 Regulators seek to plug derivatives data gaps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#53 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#54 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#2 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#77 Did You Hear the One About the Bankers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#62 Civilization, doomed?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Infographic: Online payment security

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 15 Feb, 2012
Subject: Infographic: Online payment security
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Infographic: Online payment security
http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/security/infographic-online-payment-security/7385?tag=nl.e036

I'm periodically suspicious of such articles that they may part of trying to reframe/change paradigm of interchange fees proportional to fraud

some recent trust related posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#97 Is SSL Cert Holder ID Verification A Joke?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#17 Time To Scrap SSL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#69 PKI and SSL - the jaws of trust snap shut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#70 Four Sources of Trust, Crypto Not Scaling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#94 public key, encryption and trust

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PC industry is heading for collapse

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PC industry is heading for collapse
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers, comp.os.linux.setup
Date: Wed, 15 Feb 2012 08:15:30 -0500
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btinternet.com> writes:
Internwetworking is logically part of Level 4.

Levels 5, 6 and 7 are nothing to do with the PTTs. Since these were outside their need-to-know it was the duty of the chairmen of the standards committee to expel them from the room.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#89

internetworking it is non-existant OSI layer above layer3 (networking) and below layer4 (transport).

x3s3.3 was ISO chartered US standards group that did standards dealing with OSI layer3&layer4 (network&transport). However, ISO had policy that it wouldn't do standards for things that didn't conform to OSI model (as well as passing standards that didn't actually require an implementation or even be implementable).

XTP/HSP was from layer4 (transport) directly to LAN/MAC interface ... and "violated" OSI model (for three previously mentioned reasons) and therefor was rejected.

misc. past posts mentioning XTP/HSP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#xtphsp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

5 Byte Device Addresses?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 5 Byte Device Addresses?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Feb 2012 10:40:59 -0800
johnwgilmore0918@GMAIL.COM (John Gilmore) writes:
The original System/360 scheme was simple and in its way elegant. 01F---decodable unambiguously into (multiplexor) channel 0, control unit 1, and that control unit's device F or 15---was, for example, the usual device address of the card punch circa 1965, when punches were still real rather than virtual devices.

trivia ...
009 was 1052-7 console
00C was 2540 reader
00D was 2540 punch
00E was 1403 printer

some other configurations had 01F as 1052-7 console address (instead of 009) ... making the "controller" abstraction on the multiplexor channel slightly more consistent.

tale of cp40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
done at the science center in the 60s .... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

cms started out operating system being done on regular 360/40 with interactive commands on the 1052-7 operator's console

cp40 was hardware modifications to 360/40 providing virtual memory, cp40 then implemented 360/40 virtual machines ... and cms ran on either bare-hardware or in cp40 virtual machine.

when 360/67 became available standard with virtual memory, cp40 morphed into cp67. the default cms virtual machine configuration tended to stay the same that it started out from the "real" 360/40 configuration (256kbyte real memory configuration).

additional history can be found in documents at Melinda's website
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/

this talks about 360/40 & 360/50 having integrated console at 01f (aka when it was not at 009):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360

cp67 default configuration for cms virtual machine:
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/cp67/

GH20-0859-0_CP67_Version_3_Users_Guide_Oct70.pdf

pg. 5 ... shows the 009 configuration for 1052-7 console

note the cp67 users guide also described 2741, 1052, and tty terminals

when cp67 was originally delivered to the univ, it only has 2471 & 1052 terminal support ... but had dynamic terminal type identification support ... being able to use the SAD controller command to switch between the 2741 and 1052 line-scanner for each port/address.

the univ. had a lot of tty terminals and so I had to add tty support (which was picked up and released with the product). I looked at the 2741/1052 and added the tty support so it also did dynamic terminal type identification ... being able to use SAD command to dynamically switch the different (2471, 1052, & tty) line-scanners for each port.

I then wanted to do a single dial-up "hunt-group" for dial-up terminals ... aka a common pool of phone numbers/modems with a single dial-in number for all terminals. It turns out that dynamic worked for leased lines ... but wouldn't work for common pool for all dial-up terminals. The problem was that while it was possible to dynamically switch the type of line-scanner (with SAD command) on per port basis ... the line speed was hard-wired for each port.

This was somewhat the motivation for the univ. to start a clone controller project ... which could do both dynamic termainal type as well as dynamic line speed (i.e. 2741 & 1052 had the same line speed ... but different line-scanner ... tty had both a different line-scanner as well as different line speed). later four of us get written up as being responsible for (some part of) clone controller market. misc. past posts mentioning clone controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

This reference has clone controller competition a primary motivation for the Future System effort:
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718153549/http://www.ecole.org/Crisis_and_change_1995_1.htm
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

Then Ferguson & Morris, Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World, Times Books, 1993 ... describe the distraction of the Future System (and internal politics killing 370 efforts) allowed clone processors to gain market foothold ... misc. past posts mentioning Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 16 Feb, 2012
Subject: New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
Blog: Facebook
also Google+
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/6vknTW3SRX8

New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/02/120216094730.htm

Past surveys of whether people were aware of significant unethical behavior in their company ... had the percent at least twice as high for financial industry compared to avg for other industries. Other reports were that a large percentage of wallstreet were sociopaths (aka both the environment contributes to unethical behavior as well as attracting those that are amoral).

some related:

Stock traders are worse than psychopaths:
http://www.businessinsider.com/study-stock-traders-are-worse-than-psychopaths-2011-9
Psychopaths' Brains Wired to Seek Rewards, No Matter the Consequences
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100314150924.htm
Corporate Fraud and Misconduct Risks Driven by Pressure to do 'Whatever It Takes'; Fewer episodes reported by companies with ethics and compliance programs
http://www.informationweek.com/financialservices/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=215801487
... above redirects to:
http://www.informationweek.com/news/212501185
Beware corporate psychopaths -- they are still occupying positions of power
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/comment/brian-basham-beware-corporate-psychopaths--they-are-still-occupying-positions-of-power-6282502.html

misc. past posts mentioning above articles:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#27 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#29 Let IT run the company!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#30 How reliable are the credit rating companies? Who is over seeing them?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#36 What is the top security threat prediction of 2009?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#47 Executive pay: time for a trim?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#11 Amid Economic Turbulence, Mainframes Counter IT Cost-Cutting Trend
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#17 Fraud -- how can you stay one step ahead?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#25 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#73 What can we learn from the meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#75 Whistleblowing and reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#36 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#37 How do you see ethics playing a role in your organizations current or past?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#15 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#41 Profiling of fraudsters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#24 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

5 Byte Device Addresses?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 5 Byte Device Addresses?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Feb 2012 18:50:39 -0800
hal9001@PANIX.COM (Robert A. Rosenberg) writes:
No Bill is right. OS/VS2 Release 2 WAS MVS like OS/VS2 Release 1 was SVS. SVS was OS/360 MVT with Virtual Addresses (SVS was a single 16MB Address Space with which was divided into smaller areas for the programs to use, just like MVT). MVS made the program's area into duplicate address ranges which sat between and shared the low and high address ranges which belonged to the Operating System.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#98

old post about os/vs2 release 1 (svs), release 2 (mvs), and glide path to release 3 ... operating system for future system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

past future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

really long-winded post about the transition to MVS and pointer-passing API causing enormous problems ... involved image of MVS occupying 8mbytes of every application virtual address space ... in order for kernel code to access application data ... and common segment for passing data between applications and semi-priviledged subsystems now in separate virtual address spaces ... and there needing to be sufficient sized common segment to handle all applications & subsystems ... larger installations were having common segment threatening to increase to 6mbyte ... leaving only 2mbytes for application in every "private" 16mbyte virtual address space.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#66

3081 & 370xa with 31bit addressing was taking so long to get out after future system failure ... that dual-address space was retrofitted to 3033 in attempt to somewhat alleviate the common segment pressure on what little was left for application use out of 16mbytes. some discussion getting out 3081 (and eventually 31bit addressing) after future system failure
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970




previous, next, index - home