List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (01/01 - 01/31)

Intrigued by IBM
upgrade
upgrade
Pension Plans
upgrade
"It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
The First World War
Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game
Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
IBM Profs
In Praise of Hierarchy
IBM Profs
IBM Profs
IBM Profs
IBM Profs
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume
When did the home computer die?
A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
The 17 equations that changed the course of history
IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Why People Dislike Really Smart Leaders
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
DEC and HVAC
China's breathtaking transformation into a scientific superpower
CKD details
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
CKD details
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
CKD details
DEC and HVAC
people's heights
The Warning
people's heights
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
IBM HONE system
1947--the future of walkie-talkies
1956 -- circuit reliability book
Honeywell 200
S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Mainframe Use/History
Prime
1956 -- circuit reliability book
Interchange
Web Authentication: A Broken Trust with No Easy Fix
1956 -- circuit reliability book
Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Unconventional monetary policy and the role of central banks
GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
Making Computers Secure
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

Intrigued by IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Intrigued by IBM
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Jan 2018 12:16:03 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
other trivia ... there are actually more cores than the 170 ... including system assist processors ... running real-time operation for I/O control
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/zosbasics/com.ibm.zos.zmainframe/zconc_mfhwPUs.htm

also zAAP and zIIP ... software licensing for regular software running on "central processors" is so expensive ... they have multiple classes of processors where software execution can be licensed at lower rate.

zAAP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z_Application_Assist_Processor
zIIP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZIIP
some more discussion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_zEnterprise_System
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z/Architecture


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#65 Intrigued by IBM

old trivia ... 1980, STL (now IBM silicon valley lab)
https://developer.ibm.com/dwblog/2017/ibm-silicon-valley-lab-40th-anniversary/

cons me into doing channel-extender support ... they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to an offsite bldg ... with computer service back to STL datacenter. Then the hardware vendor tries to convince IBM to release the support ... however, there is group in POK working with some serial I/O that gets it veto'ed (they were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The 3880 disk controller was much slower for many operations than the previous 3830 controller.
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_PH3380A.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_CKD_Controllers

that significantly increase channel busy time (ibm channels were half duplex parallel copper, channel operations involved lots of protocol chatter with end-to-end busy and latency until operation completed). 3090 originally specified number of channels based on 3830 anticipated channel busy ... but when they learned the truth about 3880, they had to significantly increase the number of channels (in order to get sufficient system throughput, partially offsetting channel busy for each i/o).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

The increased number of 3090 channels required adding (expensive) TCM increasing manufacturing costs ... there was joke that the 3090 group was going to charge of the additional TCM to the 3880 controller group. Marketing also tries to respin the significant increase in number of channels as big benefit (as opposed to compensate for the channel busy throughput problems).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV2137.html
discusses 3090 TCM serveral places
http://www.bitsavers.com/pdf/ibm/3090/G580-1005-0_The_IBM_3090_Processor_Family_Jul87.pdf
also 3090 Functional Characteristics
http://chiclassiccomp.org/docs/content/computing/IBM/Mainframe/Hardware/System/SA22-7121-6_3090ProcComplexFunctionalCharacteristics.pdf

In 1988, LLNL was working with some serial stuff and I was asked to help get in standardized ... which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

Finally the POK group gets their serial stuff released in 1990 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ESCON

Then some POK engineers get involved in fibre-channel standard and define an extremely heavy weight protocol with lots of protocol chatter and latency ... that drastically cuts the native I/O throughput.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FICON
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

The most recent published peak I/O benchmark I can find is for z196 (max 80 processors) that gets 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. About the same time there was a fibre channel announced for E5-2600V1 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such fibre channel gets more throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

Marketing tries to tout the large number of FICON (needed) as benefit ... when they are really needed to offset the enormous FICON protocol overhead. Marketing also touts offloading much of I/O processing to dedicated system assist processors (SAPs) as advantage to significantly increase I/O throughput. However published numbers (again for max configured z196) has all z196 SAP processors running at 100% busy handling just 2.2M SSCH/sec ... and recommendation is to keep SAP cpu busy to 70% (minimizing queuing delays) ... or 1.5M SSCH/sec. SSCH instruction (basically used to hand off I/O processing from standard processor to SAP).
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/14.3.9?DT=20040504121320

recent posts mentioning SAPs & SSCH processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definition of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#79 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#28 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actually emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#62 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#63 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#56 IBM 1401 vs. 360/30 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#115 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#61 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

upgrade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: upgrade
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 09:44:42 -0800
Bob Eager <news0006@eager.cx> writes:
I have often hacked SCSI drives to appear smaller for backwards compatibility.

And there are cases of manufacturers doing the same thing to drives to make them the same as the old one for warranty replacement.


never actually doing it ... but there was lots of discussions in SHARE about getting IBM to come out with a "small/fast" 3380 drive.

The long time issue was that systems were getting faster much faster than disks were getting faster (i.e. the relative system throughput of disks had declined by order of magnitude over period of 10-15yrs). recent referencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

The specific change of 3330->3380 was that the accesses/sec increased but the amount of data under each arm had increased significantly (the access/sec/mbyte had declined significantly). old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#54 Graph of total world disk space over time?
with 3330
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3330.html
and 3380 refs
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380.html

The issue was that a lot of system throughput was dependent on accesses/sec/mbyte and proposal was to limit 3380 loading to 50-80% of capacity ... to maintain accesses/sec/mbyte ... while system administrators were demanding that all 3380s being filled to capacity (even tho it was false economy, degrading overall system throughput).

The proposal was that IBM come out with a "fast" 3380 that cost more and only had 50% capacity of regular 3380 (but avg. arm seek would only be half the distance) ... and since it cost more and was faster ... system administrators would buy them (even tho they could achieve the same thing at lower cost by just administratively configuring disk loading).

Internally we did have an application (MDREDUCE) that helped with the 3330/200mb->3380/630mb conversion, that did long term use traces of the 3330 data accesses. Highest use 3330 data was moved to 3380 to load balance across all 3380 arms. Then regular use data was load balanced across all 3380 arms until it reached accesses/sec/mbyte loading (rather than loaded to full capacity ... aka more like one 3380 per 2+ 3330s rather than three). The remaining capacity of the disks could be ignored, although could be (carefully) used for staging infrequently used archive data.

trivia: original 3380 had 20 track spacings between each data track, double density 3380s cut the spacing between data track in half, thriple density cut it spacing to 1/3rd ... track length didn't change, tracks/cylinder didn't change ... just number of cylinders.

after 3380, the next "real" CKD disk was 3390 ... however there hasn't been any real CKD disks made for decades ... all being simulated on industry standard fixed-block disks ... usually defined as some variation of 3390 disks. recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#42 IBM etc I/O channels?

posts mentioning IBM DASD, CKD, multi-track search, FBA, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

upgrade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: upgrade
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 09:53:10 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
The proposal was that IBM come out with a "fast" 3380 that cost more and only had 50% capacity of regular 3380 (but avg. arm seek would only be half the distance) ... and since it cost more and was faster ... system administrators would buy them (even tho they could achieve the same thing at lower cost by just administratively configuring disk loading).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#1 upgrade

and the fast 3380 was purely a microcode load ... paying more for smaller, but faster 3380 seemed to something that only appeals to bean counters ... even when otherwise they could have achieved the same results from standard 3380.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pension Plans

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pension Plans
Date: 02 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
AMEX had been in competition with KKR for private equity take-over of RJR. KKR runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and is being re-orged into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board hires away the former AMEX president who reverses the breakup and resurrects the company ... using some of the same techniques as at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
IBM employee pension issues
http://www.ibmemployee.com/Highlights030802.shtml

other trivia ... start of the century there was huge uptake in outsourcing federal gov. to for-profit operations ... big part of it was that gov. contractors can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress ... however, private-equity operations found that they could buy up gov. contractors ... and they had no limitations on the lobbying they could do. Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
.... snip ....

... including buying the gov. contractor that will employ Snowden. private-equity owned companies are frequently under enormous pressure to cut corners to push revenue up to their owners. In the case of intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
private-equity companies that became responsible for security clearances were found to be filling out the paperwork, but not actually doing background checks. Also significantly contributing to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (i.e. make more money from a series of failures).
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
private-equity companies getting billions in no-bid Iraq contracts ... also involved in the OPM breach
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

upgrade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: upgrade
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 19:41:57 -0800
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
But those resources are still physically in the machine that is physically in our data center, a different situation from spinning down a virtual server in the cloud and spinning it back up with more resources.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#1 upgrade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#2 upgrade

back in the 50s/60s, dataprocessing was leased based on capability/resources ... there was system meter that was used to measure how much processing was done, was part of rent/lease charges.

litigation led to 23june1969 unbundling announcement where rather than bundled ... there was machine, maintenance, software, SE/technical support, etc ... although they did make the case that kernel (operating system) software should still be free. past unbundle posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Note that the system meter ran when ever the processor and/or channels were running and would continue to run for 400ms after everything would stop. science center part of moving cp/67 online use to 7x24 ... did a lot of work of letting system meter coast to stop when systems were idle ... including channel programs that would allow channel to stop ... but immediately wake up whenever there were characters arriving. this was also part of some of the cp/67 commercial service bureau online spinoffs. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

early 70s, there was switch-over from rent/lease computers to selling (although some 3rd party vendors would buy from IBM and still offer lease/rent option). late 70s, POK favorite son operating system still had a timer event that woke up every 400ms (making sure that system meter never stopped w/o actually shutting down the whole system). with the switch-over to selling ... there was the idea that customer "owned" the computers and they could do what ever they wanted with it (as opposed to paying for certain amount of capability and the equipment installed at the computer site was configured to process at whatever rate the customer was paying for).

from recent ... IBM Z software pricing
https://www.ibm.com/it-infrastructure/z/software/pricing

Announcing Container Pricing for IBM Z -- a groundbreaking new software pricing alternative to traditional capacity based metrics. With Container Pricing you can scale without impacting workloads whether within existing LPARs, through separate LPARs or up to multiple-LPARs. For qualified solutions, it offers competitive metrics and economies with automated billing and simplified software pricing, superseding many existing price offerings.
... snip ...

lots of capacity management because of the significant software (throughput) capacity-based (lease) charges.

trivia: IBM hardware mainframe revenue has been around 5% for some time ... but dropping. However, total mainframe division (including software & services) revenue was 25% and 40% of bottom line profit. recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#17 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story
Date: 03 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
"It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-03/it-felt-being-matrix-james-risens-stunning-inside-story
The Biggest Secret, My Life as a New York Times Reporter in the Shadow of the War on Terror
https://theintercept.com/2018/01/03/my-life-as-a-new-york-times-reporter-in-the-shadow-of-the-war-on-terror/
All The News Unfit to Print: James Risen on His Battles with Bush, Obama, and the New York Times
https://theintercept.com/2018/01/03/all-the-news-unfit-to-print-james-risen-on-his-battles-with-bush-obama-and-the-new-york-times/

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq. In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 03 Jan 2018 13:33:53 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Why would the cement manufacturer have two programmers? Part of the business end of selling cement is the quality of the cement.

cement/concrete, large projects ... especially government ... have all sort of quality control and audit trails ... including (computerized) record retention. web search turns up references to large project management. part of it may also depend on how far stretch term "programming" ... spreadsheet programmers, DBMS management/admins, etc

almost all larger organizations (regardless of kind) have significant computer/network support staff ... that require some level of programming expertise.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
Date: 04 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers (Simon Winchester)
https://www.amazon.com/Pacific-Surfboards-Dictators-Collision-Superpowers-ebook/dp/B00T3CTYTY/

pg378/loc5625-29:
The periscope belonged to a Chinese diesel attack submarine that had crept, stealthily and undetected, to within torpedo range of an American aircraft carrier battle group on routine patrol in the area. Though the official Pentagon inquiries would later concentrate on the alarming embarrassment of the U.S. Navy, with all its sophisticated underwater detection apparatus, having failed to notice the incoming attack vessel, the deeper and initially unanswered question was why this Chinese submarine was in this corner of the Pacific, in what were long assumed to be American waters, by use if not by right.
... snip ...

there is joke the highest gov. security classification is "down right embarrassing" ... usually little to do preventing adversaries from learning something, but preventing the US public from learning something.

pg415/loc6115-21:
Yet a counterplan exists, for now, and though like all complicated military strategies, it is a child of many fathers, it was designed in essence by one man, the second of the two much-revered graybeards of transpacific planning: the man who was generally regarded as Admiral Liu's intellectual opposite number in Washington, Andrew Marshall. This most remarkable figure retired in 2015 after forty-two years as director of the Pentagon's Office of Net Assessment, to which he had been appointed by Richard Nixon back in 1973. When he stepped down he was ninety-four years old, and for decades was known familiarly in the American press as Yoda, after the Jedi Grand Master in the Star Wars movies, the Pentagon's preeminent keeper of peace and justice.

pg416/loc6121-24:
His job was to plan for future wars, "to look at not very happy futures," as he once put it. Among the world's war makers, most especially those in Russia and China, his fame is legendary. He was "our hero" to the PLA's General Chen Zhou, one of modern China's most powerful strategists. America's RMA theory, said General Chen, was something he and his staff had studied "exhaustively." The Chinese "translated every word that Marshall wrote."
... snip ...

and in 2015, who was the write-in candidate for the new yoda?

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The First World War

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The First World War
Date: 04 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
The First World War (John Keegan)
https://www.amazon.com/First-World-War-John-Keegan-ebook/dp/B009Y4I744/

pg1/loc144-47:
The Second World War, five times more destructive of human life and incalculably more costly in material terms, was the direct outcome of the First. On 18 September 1922, Adolf Hitler, the demobilised front fighter, threw down a challenge to defeated Germany that he would realize seventeen years later: "It cannot be that two million Germans should have fallen in vain ... No, we do not pardon, we demand--vengeance!"
... snip ...

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920 (copyright 1921)
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

loc6265-74:
XXX. THE LEAGUE TO PERPETUATE WAR The war has just begun. I said that when the Armistice terms were published and when I read the Treaty and the League Covenant I felt more than ever convinced of the justice of my conclusion. The Treaty of Versailles is merely an armistice--a suspension of hostilities, while the combatants get their wind. There is a war in every chapter of the Treaty and in every section of the League Covenant; war all over the world; war without end so long as the conditions endure which produce these documents.
... snip ...

John Foster Dulles, 20s through the early 40s, played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

from the law of unintended consequences, the US 1943 Strategic Bombing Program needed targets in Germany and got the targets and location information from wallstreet.

more recent, Domestic Roots Of Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and here
https://www3.nd.edu/~druccio/Spinney.pdf

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 12:47:34 -0800
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
Yup. Ralph was the half time Director of LOTS. The System Mannger and System Programmer were full time positions, as was the administrative assistant. The original director was John McCarthy (as in LISP, SAIL--the organization, not the language--, etc.), and Ralph was the original system manager, to get LOTS started (Ralph's idea). By the time I left, the title was "LOTS TOPS-20 Systems Programmer" and we also had systems programmers for VM/SP (possibly HPO) for the 4381s and Unix systems administrators for the Ultrix, SunOS, and AIX systems.

some past posts mentioning Ralph
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#74 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#52 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#73 Demolishing the Tile Turtle

At SJR, I worked with Jim Gray and Vera Watson (married to John McCarthy) on System/R (original sql/relational) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

... that was before the Annapurna climb ... Vera never came back, she is still on Annapurna.
http://publications.americanalpineclub.org/articles/12197934500/print

and Jim disappeared off San Fran.
https://www.wired.com/2007/07/ff-jimgray-2/

I first saw Adventure at TYMSHARE ... TYMSHARE got copy from SAIL for their PDP10 and then ported to VM370/CMS. I got a copy+source and made available on the internal network ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#email780321
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email780405
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email780405b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#email780414
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#email780517
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#email790912

some adventure game timeline
http://adventure.if-legends.org/timeline.html
... mentions some IBM mainframe
http://adventure.if-legends.org/Mainframe_adventures.html#Acheton

but doesn't refer to TYMSHARE or some other mainframe versions. Internal inside IBM, I made the executable available ... and for anybody that finished all points, I would send the source. Within a couple months there were PLI versions with a couple hundred extra points.

quicky web search
http://www.spitenet.com/cave/
with
http://www.spitenet.com/cave/images/AdventureMap.jpg

other ref
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossal_Cave_Adventure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 15:31:07 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
LS - early modems - hundreds of bits per second MS - late modems and early digital lines - tens of kilobits per second HS - DSL and early fixed wireless - a few megabits per second VHS - FTC and fixed LTE 4G - around 100 megabits per second UHS - FTH and fixed 5G - around a gigabit per second EHS - Metro links and the like - 10 gigabit per second and up

I had project started very early 80s I called HSDT (t1 & higher speed links) ... high-speed data transport ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

mid-80s was having some equipment built on the other side of the pacific and one friday just before leaving for a visit, got an email announcement from communication group raleigh announcing new internal discussion group ... with the following definition:


low-speed               <9.6kbits
medium-speed            19.2kbits
high-speed              56kbits
very high-speed         1.5mbits

Monday morning on the wall of a conference room on the other side of the pacific

low-speed               <20mbits
medium-speed            100mbits
high-speed              200-300mbits
very high-speed         >600mbits

internal network links ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

were required to be encrypted ... and mid-80s there was claim (by link encryptor product maker) that the internal network had over half of all link encryptors in the world. some of this involved arguments with various governments around the world, especially when links crossed national boundaries ... for instance this is old post that includes corporate locations (around the world) that added one or more links during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address

I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster speed encryptors were hard to find. Mid-80s I got involved in doing encryptors that would cost less than $100 to build and handle several. mbytes/sec (rather than mbits). Initially the corporate crypto product group claimed that it significantly weakened the crypto standard (and couldn't be used). It took me 3months to figure out how to explain to them that rather than significantly weaker, it was actually significantly stronger than crypto standard. It was hallow victory, they then said that I could make as many as I wanted ... but they all had to be shipped to gov. location on the east coast. It was when I realized that there were 3 kinds of crypto in the world, 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

posts mentioning realizing 3 kinds of crypto:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
Date: 05 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.businessinsider.com/plane-that-almost-beat-out-legendary-f-16-2018-1

Even tho Boyd was behind the YF16 & YF17 (which became F16 & F18), he would later talk about needing something much simpler than F16, something like 1/4th the cost and 1/3rd-1/5th the maint. hrs per flying hr ... along the lines of the F20. Since US wasn't going to buy it, they tried offering to foreign gov.s Then the F16 forces lobbied congress to offer (directed appropriation) USAID to every candidate country (that could only be used for F16 purchases). Foreign govs. said that the F20 was much more appropriate for their uses, but they would have to spend their own money on F20, while they could get F16s for "free".

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning f20/tigershark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#2 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#25 Latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#30 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#45 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#1 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#57 Boyd F15, F16, F20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 22:00:46 -0800
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
Saddam proved that invading a US ally wasn't a reliable defense.

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq., including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy). Originally justification was Iraq supported Al-Qaeda and invasion would only costs $50B ... then the justification was changed to WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

the military-industrial-complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

later large artillery shells were showing up in IEDs and even taking out Abrams M1 tanks
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/
"The author takes the reader into the midst of the conflict in and around Baqubah--Iraq's 'City of Death'--a campaign that lasted most of 2007. The author and his fellow Bonecrushers watched as the city went from sectarian fighting amongst the Shiite and Sunnis, to an all-out jihad against the undermanned and dangerously dispersed US forces within Baqubah and the outlying areas."
... snip ...

the cost for the two perpetual wars is so far over $5T (with the long term benefits) ... 100 times the original claim. The $60B in pallets of shrink-wrapped $100 bills air lifted to Iraq used for bribes and tribute (or just simply disappeared) is more than the original estimate cost for the invasion.

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 06 Jan 2018 09:46:09 -0800
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
True. But the Powers That Be are used to making nicey-nice with tinpot dictators (Franco, Reza Pahlavi, Duarte, the Saudi royal family, the Argentine generals, Pinochet, the rulers of most of the -stans,whoever controls the DRC at the moment, etc. Hitler was once included in that group.). To the Powers That Be, holding power makes you one of them.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

John Foster Dulles, 20s through the early 40s, played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
https:/www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood," other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.
... snip ...

Intrepid also points finger at Ambassador ("papa") Kennedy ... they start bugging the US embassy because classified information was leaking to the Germans. They eventually identified a clerk as responsible but couldn't prove ties to Kennedy. However Kennedy is claiming credit for Chamberland capitulating to Hitler on many issues ... also making speeches in Britain and the US that Britain could never win a war with Germany and if he was president, he would be on the best of terms with Hitler.

loc2645-52:
The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later, Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected President." He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British statements or said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain to win the war."

British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw discretion to be the better part of valor. "If Kennedy had been recalled sooner," said Stephenson later, "he would have campaigned against FDR with a fair chance of winning. We delayed him in London as best we could until he could do the least harm back in the States."

... snip ...

from the law of unintended consequences, the US 1943 Strategic Bombing Program needed targets in Germany and got the targets and location information from wallstreet.

Then 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, in part in the early 50s, it leads to "In God We Trust" on money and "under God" in the allegiance.
https:/www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 06 Jan 2018 10:36:03 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

"Is Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on looting the country. John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

"economic hit man" (also originates in cambridge) ... also sending "capitalists" into loot countries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/

earlier "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
https://www.amazon.com/War-Racket-Antiwar-Americas-Decorated-ebook/dp/B00P8OEFFY/

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (which requires moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries. loc2151-56: This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts ... and then CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

... and then there is "desert storm" (Iraq was threatening to invade Saudi Arabia) ... 17Jan-28Feb 1991 ... but only last 100hrs were land war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

GAO gulf war air effectiveness study had A10s so effectively taking out Iraq tanks ... that the Iraqis crews were walking away because the tanks were sitting ducks. Later reports of furious tanks battles with coalition forces taking no damage, fail to mention whether the Iraqis tanks had anybody home.

trivia: original land battle plan by Schwarzkopf jr, was frontal tank slugfest ... however John Boyd was brought in and credited with the "left hook" battle plan. The problem was that the US forces failed to get into position and most of the Republican Guard manage to escape. Of the possible explanations was that Boyd just took the straight Abrams M1 tank specifications ... and failed to account for how tightly tethered Abrams are to their supply and maintenance (enormously slowing them down).

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

"War Is A Racket" references "perpetual war"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

... also: Domestic Roots Of Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and here
https://www3.nd.edu/~druccio/Spinney.pdf

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Jan 2018 10:36:39 -0800
a reminder came up that I had posted this URL (elsewhere) 8yrs ago today (had been published at CHM on 7Jan2010)

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q07PhW5sCEk

the youtube page has references to lots of other vintage computer films.

as I've mentioned before, some of the CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

went to project mac on the 5th flr to do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

and others went to the science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, cp40, cp67, internal network, gml, lots of other performance, online, interactive stuff. other posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Jan 2018 11:45:31 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts ... and then CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

... and from today

From Shahs To The CIA: The History Of Western Intervention In Iran - Part 1
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-07/shahs-cia-history-western-intervention-iran-part-1
"The Empire Must Go On"

Once Europe erupted in world war, the British dispatched their armed forced to refineries all over Iran in order to protect what they considered their property - Iranian oil. After the cessation of hostilities in 1919, the British bribed and intimidated the new regime of Ahmad Shah into accepting the terms of the much hated Anglo Persian Agreement which in all but name, made Iran a protectorate of the British Empire. No longer would the Iranians control their own army, transportation system, and communications network. It all passed under the control British occupiers and with it the last vestiges of Iranian sovereignty. This once again ignited the fervent nationalist spirit across Iran and new rounds of protests and opposition.

... snip ...

little drift, recently watched netflix's "Victory's House"
https://www.netflix.com/title/80191835

which puts blame for the violence during the partitioning on Churchill and manipulating the situation.

going back further:

Churchill's Secret War: The British Empire and the Ravaging of India during World War II
https:/www.amazon.com/Churchills-Secret-War-British-Ravaging-ebook/dp/B003VTZXC2/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#62 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
Date: 07 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/the-nsas-top-talent-is-leaving-because-of-low-pay-and-battered-morale/2018/01/02/ff19f0c6-ec04-11e7-9f92-10a2203f6c8d_story.html

there was folklore that late 90s with the internet bubble ... crypto salaries was increasing to the point that thousands would be at the level requiring congressional approval ... which would result in congress not doing anything else ... but hearings on agency employees.

After the turn of the century ... there was enormous uptic in outsourcing to (frequently private-equity owned) for-profit companies ... some of it could have been because bumping up against salary level requiring congressional approval. But even bigger factor was that companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress ... but there was also big uptic in private-equity operations buying up beltway bandits ... private-equity owners aren't under lobbying restrictions. 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
the change last decade accelerated the rapidly spreading success of failure culture ... make more from a series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

some IBM related ... AMEX was in competition with KKR for private equity LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into some problem and hires away the president of AMEX to help
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and is being re-orged into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board hires away the former AMEX president who reverses the breakup and resurrects the company ... using some of the same techniques as at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
IBM employee pension issues
http://www.ibmemployee.com/Highlights030802.shtml

then leaves to head up another private-equity company, Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ...

including acquiring the company that will employ Snowden. Comapanies in the private-equity mill are frequently under enormous pressure to cut corners to supply money to their private-equity owners; private-equity owned companies with contracts for doing security clearances were found to be filling out the paper work but not doing the background checks.

I was doing financial standards in the 90s and last decade ... and there were agency participation in the crypto and security related committees. One of the things we would agree on is requiring multi-party involvement in high security operations ... like Snowden SYSADM. After the Snowden event, the agency director had one press conference where he mentioned possibly needing multi-party operations for SYSADM (after apparently being eliminated with outsourcing cost cutting) ... I made disparaging comments.

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 07 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
IBM OfficeVision
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_OfficeVision
1981 PROFS, 1983 release 2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_OfficeVision#Earlier_PROFS,_DISOSS_and_Office/36
PROFS itself was descended from an in-house system developed by IBM Poughkeepsie laboratory. Poughkeepsie developed a primitive in-house solution for office automation over the period 1970-1972;[7]:321-323 OFS (Office System), which evolved into PROFS, was developed by Poughkeepsie laboratory as a replacement for that earlier system and first installed in October 1974.[7]:327 Compared to Poughkeepsie's original in-house system, the distinctive new features added by OFS were a centralised database virtual machine (data base manager or DBM) for shared permanent storage of documents, instead of storing all documents in user's personal virtual machines;[
... snip ...

note any online version pre-1972 ... VM370 released 1972
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VM_(operating_system)
would have been CP67 (360/67) or (internal only) CP67i (CP67 modified to run on 370/145) or CP67sj (CP67i with 3330 & 2305 device support)

EMAIL CTSS 1965-1973
http://multicians.org/thvv/anhc-34-1-anec.html
some of the CTSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to the 5th flr, project MAC and did multics.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
Others went to IBM science center on the 4th flr in 1965 and did virtual machines, internal network, ported RUNOFF for CMS script, invented GML in 1969 (and added GML tag processing to CMS script) and numerous kinds of email.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

Profs group picked up a lot of internal tools as part of menu front end. The email client was very early version of VMSG. When the vmsg author offered them a significantly enhanced version, they tried to get him fired (they had taken credit for everything in profs). The whole thing quiets down after vmsg author shows that his initials are in every profs email ... in non-displayed field. After that, he only shared his source with me and one other person

some email from long ago and far away ... not necessarily PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html
Including some vmsg specific
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmsg

As an aside, much of stuff from 70-78 .. it was triple redundant archived on three different tapes ... but all three were in IBM Almaden tape library. In the mid 80s Almaden had operations problem with random tapes being mounted as scratch

more trivia: virtual machines, the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s), GML (invented in 1969, a decade later morphs into SGML, another decade and morphs into HTML at CERN) ... lots of other things ... all done at the IBM Cambridge Science Center. The great switch-over of arpanet/internet to internetnetworking protocol was 1jan1983. At the time arpanet/internet had approx 100 IMP networking nodes and 255 connected hosts ... when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes. This is old post with list of corporate locations around the world that added one or more network nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

scientific center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#internalnet

It appeared that everybody but ollie got presidential pardons
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-first-email-scandal-long-before-hillary-clinton-iran-contra/
... when he was vice-president he repeatedly claimed he knew nothing about it because he was full-time administration point person deregulating the financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Then when he was president, his lawyers gave the special counsel "forgotten" documents showing he had run the operation (remember besides previously being VP, he had also been director of CIA).

recent posts mentioning profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#43 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#88 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#89 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#36 Whitehouse EMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#78 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#80 The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#70 IBM online systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#73 Demolishing the Tile Turtle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#27 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Praise of Hierarchy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: In Praise of Hierarchy
Date: 07 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
In Praise of Hierarchy
https://www.wsj.com/articles/in-praise-of-hierarchy-1515175338

my standard/periodic ... when Boyd was briefing Organic Design For Command and Control ... he would talk about US corporations being contaminated by former military officers heavily steeped in top-down, rigid command and control. This is supposedly (at least) from US entry into WW2 where they had to mobilize enormous numbers with little or no experience and needing to leverage the few skills available. Hierarchy/networked discussion is also periodic obfuscation regarding delegating authority. This came up in discussion last decade about ratio of executive to worker compensation had spiked to over 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time (and 10:1 in much of the rest of the world) ... aka only the very top executives have the skills necessary to make a decision.

Boyd's reference was about WW2. More recent Boyd&Beyond example was patrol came under hostile fire from town central sq and they called in artillery. By the time artillery was able to find col. with authority, the hostiles had left and the locals had wandered back into the square (lots of collateral deaths). There were references to pervasive officer risk adverse (afraid somebody in their command will make a mistake).

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd started Organic Design For Command and Control in the early 80s about the time articles also started appearing about MBAs destroying US corporations ... top executives focusing on cutting costs to improve stock prices ...

also The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (Joseph E. Stiglitz) pg35/loc1169-73:
In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create, barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see, some of the most important innovations in business in the last three decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent government regulations intended to align social returns and private rewards.
... snip ...

Basically running any large public company becoming matter of managing stock market. This century, Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America", IBM just one of many examples ... pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

Also one of my periodic rants about PDCA being something taught in business school as opposed to OODA ... although when I first saw PDCA it wasn't iterative, used for MBA/consultants given formula process that can be applied to any business/industry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDCA

also 6-sigma, iso9000, ... but that didn't stop them from trying to claim certifications for non volume manufacturing operations.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_9000
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Sigma
Jack Welch made it central to his business strategy at General Electric in 1995.
... snip ...

.... topic drift, Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present, pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:
The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave, the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch business strategy, its dependence on financial overspeculation, became ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg200/pg3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 07 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs

"The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World" loc2752-54:
Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:
Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which he would ultimately face criminal charges.
... snip ...

they then go after (PROFS) email and get to Oliver North.

In the 70s, 3270 terminal allocation was part of annual budget and required VP sign-off. Around 1980, there was rumor that senior executives were using email to communicate ... and middle-management started preempting 3270 terminal allocation to be placed on their desk .... trying to create impression that they were also "computer literate" ... however, most of them would spend the day just powered on with logo or menu burning into screen (and email actually being handled by some assistant).

This continued, early 90s was still going on with middle management rerouting PS2/486/8514 machines to their desks (as "computer literate" status symbols) ... with 3270 emulation images still being burned into screens (and assistants still handling email).

Note the VMSG author (comments in previous post using early version of VMSG) also did parasite/story .... a pre-IBM/PC & pre-HLLAPI terminal emulation that ran in CMS transient area. It leveraged the psuedo-device support used by passthru for virtual 3270s. Parasite/story could create programmed 3270s on the same machine or leverage passthru to create them on other machines in the network. past posts with description of parasite/story and a couple simple examples
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
story example that logs into retain and retrieves updates/fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 08 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs

post attempting to recreate the (internal IBM) 1981 xmas exec that blinked color lights on 3279
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54

xmas tree (virus) ... 1987
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Tree_EXE
... predates internet morris worm by year
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_worm

co-worker at the science center was responsible for the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). similar technology was used for the corporate sponsored university network (also for a time larger than arpanet/internet), bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and EARN in europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network
trivia: old email from IBM'er charged with doing EARN (had also done stint at science center)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850607

The History of the Grid: Comments invited
http://www.ianfoster.org/wordpress/2014/01/01/history-of-the-grid/
Grid Computing
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

we had been working with NSF and various players and were suppose to get $20M to tie together the NSF supercomputer centers ... then congress cut the funding and some other things happened ... eventually they released a RFP (in part based on what we already had running) .... however internal politics prevented us from bidding ... director of NSF tried to help and wrote a letter to the company (with support from other agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics worse (as did comment about what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

scientific center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
bitnet (&/or EARN) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 08 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#21 IBM Profs

before XAGENT (& TELL) server, I wrote exec that you could leave disconnected in your VM userid that exchange email and messages between your VM userid and designated TCP/IP workstation. Started out as converting all sorts of VM email formats and SMTP/822 format. I then started adding all sorts of additional features like being able to query PROFS calendars over the corporate network (from TCP/IP workstation).
Date: FRI, 09/25/87 08:21:17 PDT From: WHEELER@ALMVMA To: xxxxx@ALMVMA

re: remail; here is a new version for testing ... also trivial interface for remote profs calender support. remail will accept message from "RT designated as the forward to address" and instead of treating it as mail, take the contents of the 822 Subject: field and execute it as a cms command. For instance if you send your "remailer" a message with the following subject line:

Subject: xrosscal <nodeid> <userid>

it will execute xrosscal and send a request to <nodeid> X$CAL$X for <userid>'s calender for the next 7 days. X$CAL$X returns it as a profs note to the requester, which then REMAIL will automatically forward to your RT.

... snip ... top of post, old email index
Date: 21 October 1987, 23:01:32 PDT
From: xxxxxx at ALMVMA
To: WHEELER at ALMVMA
Subject: REMAIL

Hi, just thought I'd let you know what's up....

Yorktown has a program called XAGENT that they use to route files around the site. XAGENT consists of an RSCS linedriver, a couple of minor CP mods, and a service machine. Together these components form the "WATSON" pseudo-node; files sent via RSCS to node "WATSON" are simply TRANSFERred to the XAGENT service machine by RSCS; XAGENT can then re-TAG them and transfer them back to RSCS, or can redirect them to SMTP. In this way, files sent to "user at WATSON" are routed to the actual node where the user wants to get his files.

XAGENT can route files via SMTP, so files sent to "user at WATSON" can wind up on a workstation transparently. BUT...XAGENT assumes the existence of a pre-release SMTP which can handle incoming reader files in formats other than BSMTP. We don't have that, and probably won't for 3 or 4 more months.

I'm in the process of installing this stuff here; the generic node "ALMADEN" has been registered with the VNET CMC and is already in place on the backbone. XAGENT's not running yet, so don't send anything there! My thought is that I'll fix up XAGENT to use the REMAIL XEDIT from your distribution intact, and will merge function similar to REMAIL EXEC into XAGENT itself.

So, if you're planning any changes in the relationship between REMAIL EXEC and XEDIT, or any calling sequence changes, I'd be curious to know.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

there was big dustup with communication group over releasing the original (mainframe) TCP/IP product ... what finally got released only got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using 3090 processor. I did the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between 4341 and Cray, got channel-mbyte/sec sustained using only modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instructions executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 08 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#21 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#22 IBM Profs

23Jun1969 unbundling announcement resulted in starting to charge for (application) software (although they managed to make the case that operating system/kernel software should still be free), SE services, etc. One of the issues was part of SE training was sort of journeyman program with new SEs part of large group at customer account. After unbundling, they couldn't figure out how to not charge for these trainee SEs at customer accounts.

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Eventually they came up with HONE (hands-on network environment) ... CP67 (precursor to VM370) datacenters with virtual machine access from branch offices for guest operating system practice. The science center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and HONE also started to offer a lot of APL-based sales&marketing support applications (like configurators) ... and eventually the sales&marketing support applications came to dominate all HONE use and the guest operating system use withered away.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

One of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer. As HONE started to spread around the world in the 70s, I was asked to do many of the early installs (one of my 1st overseas trips after joining IBM was HONE for EMEA hdqtrs move from the US to Paris). Later in the 80s, as branch offices use of HONE for other things started to stress the resources, they started to install the VM/4341 "IC" systems in branch offices. Trivia: in the mid-70s, all US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto (silicon valley) ... when FACEBOOK initially moves into Silicon Valley it was into new bldg. next to the old US HONE datacenter. There was a joke after my move from the science center to SJR in 1977, that I worked four shift week; 1st shift at SJR (bldg28), 2nd shift at disk engineering & product test (bldgs. 14&15), 3rd shift at STL (bldg 90) and 4th shift (weekends) at HONE up in Palo Alto.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 09 Jan 2018 18:02:40 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Timesharing was the holy grail of the computer industry in the 1960s and 1970s. But it never caught on quite as expected. For one thing, it was still quite expensive, including the cost of the terminal (usually a Teletype 33).

Ironically, the Teletype 33 was seen as the "cheap terminal" since it was a new, lower cost design, cheaper than past teletypes and designed for light-duty service. I don't know what would've happened to the industry if a truly inexpensive terminal and on-line service emerged in the 1960s--probably a lot more home and small business users.

General Electric offered a full service time sharing network. Also, some small concerns bought an HP-2000 (a very good machine) and offered timesharing through that. I think IBM had "Call/360", and of course APL ran as a timesharing system. There were, of course, numerous other systems. (We used one on the CDC.)

As an aside, the NYT says the first time sharing connection was provided between New York City and Boston by Western Union on its Telex network. As mentioned, Western Union hoped to be the country's data carrier, but things didn't work out that way.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

there were a couple CP/67 spinoffs from science center and lincoln labs as commercial online service bureaus ... but fairly quickly moved up the value stream targeting wallstreet and financial industry.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VP/CSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_CSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interactive_Data_Corporation

then there was tymshare out on the west coast with vm/370
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

and some 4GL competition
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

and similarly, original sql/relational was done at SJR/bldg28 on vm370 370/145 ... and made available to some early adopter companies ... including bank of america. There was then technology transfer to Endicott where it was released as sql/ds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_SQL/DS

then with implosion of the mainstream new DBMS "EAGLE" project, there was migration to MVS, released as DB2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_DB2

tymshare also started offering there cms based computer conferencing free to (the IBM user group) SHARE starting in Aug1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

late 70s/early 80s, large numbers of midrange machines were sold. decade of DEC VAX sales, sliced & diced by year, model, US/non-US,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

shortly after mid-80s, numbers show mid-range were started to be replaced by PCs & workstation. IBM 4300 midrange sold into midrange market in similar numbers as DEC VAX ... for small unit orders .... big difference was large corporate orders of multiple hundreds at a time ... for placing out in departmental areas ... sort of leading edge of coming distributed computing tsunami.

also, early 1979, I was asked to do benchmarks on 4341 engineering machines for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm ... sort of leading edge of coming cluster supercomputing (and cloud computing).

science center postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
(virtual machine base) online commercial service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

faltering of online commercial service bureau can be seen with the sale of TYMSHARE to M/D in 1984
http://www.nytimes.com/1984/02/28/business/mcdonnell-to-buy-tymshare.html

trivia: I was brought in to evaluate capability-based GNOSIS operating system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html
for spinoff to KeyLogic becoming KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
Date: 10 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.newsweek.com/2017/09/15/donald-trump-infrastructure-plan-mike-pence-privatization-658403.html

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman
Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as "monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government policies, especially during the 1980s.
... snip ...

The Architect Of Trickle Down Economics Finally Put In His Place
http://addictinginfo.com/2013/06/30/the-architect-of-trickle-down-economics-finally-put-in-his-place/
What the Corporate News Media Doesn't Want You to Know About The Republican Party Tax Cuts for the Super Rich Who Control Their Political Party
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2017/12/02/what-the-corporate-news-media-doesnt-want-you-to-know-about-the-republican-party-tax-cuts-for-the-super-rich/
The Origin Of 'The World's Dumbest Idea': Milton Friedman
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2013/06/26/the-origin-of-the-worlds-dumbest-idea-milton-friedman/#6f17ccc9870e
Economists give up on Milton Friedman's biggest idea
http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20160726/OPINION/160729868/economists-give-up-on-milton-friedmans-biggest-idea
Milton Friedman: a study in failure
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/nov/16/post650
Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest
Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in department seminars.
... snip ...

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards (amazon ebook appears to have been discontinued)

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:
"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines."
... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions ... loc1155-59:
He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the people you know are idiots."
... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets 2002 Nobel prize in economics, in part for debunking Friedman and other cherished economic theories
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess last decade, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 10:29:04 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
The cloud is timesharing? I thought it was a data repository. There is a huge difference.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Amazon cloud products
https://aws.amazon.com/

computer, storage, database, migration, networking & content delivery, developer tools, management tools, media services, security, identity & compliance, analytics, machine learning, mobile services, AR & VR, application integration, customer engagement, business productivity, desktop & app streaming, internet of things, game development, .... more

...

more detail about "elastic container service"
https://aws.amazon.com/ecs/
Containers without Infrastructure Management

Amazon ECS features AWS Fargate, so you can deploy and manage containers without having to manage any of the underlying infrastructure. With AWS Fargate technology, you no longer have to select Amazon EC2 instance types, provision, and scale clusters of virtual machines to run containers or schedule containers to run on clusters and maintain their availability. Fargate enables you to focus on building and running the application and not the underlying infrastructure. Containerize Everything

Amazon ECS lets you easily build all types of containerized applications, from long-running applications and microservices to batch jobs and machine learning applications. You can migrate legacy Linux or Windows applications from on-premises to the cloud and run them as containerized applications using Amazon ECS.

... snip ...

... and I've posted in the past news articles about people using credit card to spin-up on-demand "supercomputer" for an hour or two (w/o having to contact any human person at Amazon).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#6 Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#41 Are rotating register files still a bad idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#70 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#51 Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#48 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 10:53:32 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Amazon ECS features AWS Fargate, so you can deploy and manage containers without having to manage any of the underlying infrastructure. With AWS Fargate technology, you no longer have to select Amazon EC2 instance types, provision, and scale clusters of virtual machines to run

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

aka "back to the future" ... virtual machine online commercial service bureau spin-offs of the science center and lincoln labs in the 60s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

they would run clusters of 360/67 (i.e. ibm mainframe loosely-coupled) ... moved to 370s by the mid-70s. As part of 7x24 operation ... including handling scheduled downtime mainframe maintenance, processors, controllers, disks, etc ... they enhanced virtual machine support to non-disruptive move virtual machines between systems in the cluster.

after the IBM US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto in the mid-70s, US HONE did similar cluster enhancements and then in the early 80s replicated Palo Alto datacenter first in dallas and then 3rd one in Boudler ... with disaster survivability and fall-over ... not only within members of cluster within the same datacenter but across the three replicated datacenters.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

unfortunately the US HONE cluster support wasn't released to customer. old post ... from the annals of don't release software before its time ... some VM/370 cluster support was released 30yrs later ... from the end of last decade.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

the above references both the HA/CMP cluster scaleup work from 1990 being released circa 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and z/vm cluster support 2009 ... 30 years after being done for HONE vm370 production operation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 12:15:54 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
My first job was as a programmer in a small service bureau in the early '70s. Our clients were small- to medium-sized companies that couldn't afford a computer of their own. We had a home-grown suite of applications that handled most of our customers' requirements, but I also wrote a wide variety of custom programs to meet specialized requirements, in addition to maintaining existing code.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#27 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

sophmore had intro to computer class ... then junior, univ. hired me fulltime to be responsible for ibm production mainframe systems. then before I graduate, I'm brought in as fulltime employee at Boeing hdqtrs (CFO office) as part of forming Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment ... including offering dataprocessing services to non-Boeing entities). I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world ($200m-$300M in IBM gear, 60s dollars). When I was brought in, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes were constantly staged in the hallways around the machine room. Boeing was looking at replicating Renton up at the new 747 plant at Paine Field (there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer warms up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter). When I graudate, I join the IBM science center at MIT (rather than staying at Boeing).

trivia: later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings. He had been very vocal about electronics across the trail not working ... possibly as punishment, he was put in charge of "spook base" (about the same time I was at Boeing). Boyd biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B windfall for IBM (ten times Renton). "Spook base" reference ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
Date: 11 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/01/11/ibm_gts_2018_consult/

Bain
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bain_Capital

private equity notorious for extracting every cent possible.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

remember the IBM CEO in the 90s came from private equity
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
... and then back to private equity.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 15:57:53 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Speaking of code on the screen, I single-stepped through part of a Max Headroom episode when I noticed C code scrolling up a screen. It turned out to be just a routine to convert a string of digits to an integer variable.

I've mentioned before a visit to madrid science center ... they were digitizing a lot of old documents preparing for anniv. of 1492.

one night went to cinema and they had short film that had been done at the univ. in the film, upstairs apartment had one wall that was solid bank of tvs ... flr to ceiling, edge to edge ... all constantly scrolling identical text. I recognized scrolling text as vm/370 loadmap ... what is worse I recognized the release/version and PLC level (monthly update).

From CP67 days, vm370 still used a modified version of the BPS loader to load the module TXT decks which were then written to disk (for IPL). VM370 multi-level source update process would add to the front of the assembly generated txt, recrods giving filename date/time of the assembler file, all macro libraries and all source update files. The modified BPS loader treated all these extraneous records as comments and included them in the loadmap. IBM vm370 customer support distributed monthly "PLC" tapes with all accumulated source updates.

a few old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#66 line length (was Re: Babble from "JD" <dyson@jdyson.com>)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#35 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#39 CMS update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#40 IBM 7094 Emulator - An historic moment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#17 Google loves "e"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#24 Need Help filtering out sporge in comp.arch

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 16:13:37 -0800
Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:
She never mentioned (or I've long forgotten) any names or jargon terms (other than "timeshare") associated with the hardware or operating system.

Someone who was there at the time can expand on or correct my 66 year old recollection. By that description, timeshare could be seen as a narrow, limited subset of our present notion od "the cloud".


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

as I've periodically mentioned, some of the MIT CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

went to 5th flr for Project MAC to do MULTICS ... others went to the science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, cp40, cp67, internal network, GML (invented in 1969), other stuff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

more CTSS/7094
http://multicians.org/thvv/7094.html
Early Time-Sharing at MIT

MIT professors, such as Herb Teager and Marvin Minsky, wanted more access to the machine, like they had had on Whirlwind in the fifties and the TX-0 in the sixties, and quicker return of their results from their FMS jobs. Professor John McCarthy wrote an influential memo titled "A Time Sharing Operator Program for Our Projected IBM 709" dated January 1, 1959, that proposed interactive time-shared debugging. These desires led to time-sharing experiments, such as Teager's "time-stealing system" and "sequence break mode," which allowed an important professor's job to interrupt a running job, roll its core image out to tape, make a quick run, and restore the interrupted job. McCarthy's Reminiscences on the History of Time Sharing describes his and Teager's role in the beginnings of time-sharing. Teager and McCarthy presented a paper titled "Time-Shared Program Testing" at the ACM meeting in August 1959.

CTSS development had started in 1961, led by Corby, Bob Daley, and Marjorie Merwin-Daggett. A version of CTSS that swapped four users to tape was demonstrated on MIT's IBM 709 in November of 1961. This system could support four Friden Flexowriter terminals directly connected to an I/O channel of the computer. CTSS was described in a paper at the 1962 Spring Joint Computer Conference, even though the software wasn't quite working on the IBM 7090. Much of the CTSS research was funded by US National Science Foundation grants to the Computation Center. Development continued through 1962 and 1963, and system capabilities and usage continued to expand. Service to MIT users began in the summer of 1963

... snip ...

other CTSS
http://multicians.org/thvv/tvv7094.html
http://multicians.org/thvv/ctss-acct-doc.pdf
http://web.mit.edu/Saltzer/www/publications/ctss.html
https://www.csail.mit.edu/ctss-documents
http://people.csail.mit.edu/saltzer/CTSS/CTSS-Documents/RPQs/RPQs.html
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html

other posts in thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#27 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 19:33:04 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
But it is also legitimate to point out that just building more public transport capacity will not automatically ensure that it will be used. Attempts that have failed spectacularly, leading to large numbers of nearly-empty buses and trains, certainly can be cited as indicating that some efforts being made are futile.

santa clara valley light rail (usage) was (in part) justified on carrying workers between south valley and jobs mid-peninsula in elapsed time that was predicated on everything would be off-grade crossings (i.e. light-rail and auto traffic wouldn't obstruct each other).

then later as cost cutting move, they eliminated numerous off-grade crossings ... negating a lot of the original justification.

past "off-grade crossing" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#25 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#63 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#48 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#75 Soups

some bus makers folklore ... paying to have various streetcar/trolley systems shutdown

General Motors streetcar conspiracy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Motors_streetcar_conspiracy
The GM Trolley Conspiracy: What Really Happened
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-gm-trolley-conspiracy-what-really-happened/
General Motors' Destruction of California Transit Systems
http://moderntransit.org/ctc/ctc06.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 13 Jan 2018 11:52:33 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
You are using "task" in two different ways here. There is the task-based operating system philosophy which doesn't have anything to do with the "tasks" a user proscribes.

A task-based philosophy doesn't allow interrupts to stop the current job from running. The OS "finishes the current task, dismisses it, and then goes to the queue to execute the next task". (of course there are exceptions.) A timesharing philosophy includes the option to stop running the current job when an interrupt occurs. The OS will do a context switch from the running job to the one causing the interrupt. Note that an interrupt includes the clock which gives a timeslice to the current job.

Another difference is how the next job to run gets picked from the queues.

I've observed that the personality traits of a developer influences the way an OS works. For example, the control freaks tend to write task-based OS philosophy because they abhor changing in midstream. This kind of philosophy is good for certain computing usages and bad for other usages. If the goal of a computer system is to provide general computing services to many users, a timesharing philosophy works better. If a computer system is to be used to run (what IBM called) batch jobs, then a task-based philosophy works better.


I've characterized it slightly differently ... there are lots of step-by-step serial, sequential state change ... they tended to have great deal of trouble understanding dynamic adaptive as well as concurrent, asynchronous, multiprocessor operation. I've had people from exclusive step-by-step serial, sequential state change orientation (say low level device driver or interrupt handler) not being able to understand what is going on with dynamic adaptive code.

there is the issue of "pre-emption" ... not necessarily just timer-based. an "interactive" task can go into wait-state waiting from terminal/keyboard input ... and can pre-empt an existing running, lower priority task. that is in addition to regular timer events that may interrupt and pre-empt an existing running task and switch to another task.

original CP67 release one had high overhead strategy (but w/o any sort of page thrashing control). At had ten level queuing structure ... keyboard interrupt would put task in highest level queue that had a very short timer limit (and pre-empt execution of any task running at lower queue level). Within a queue, execution allocation was round robin. Tasks that ran to their timer limit would be dropped to the next lower level that had longer timer execution limit (until they got to the lowest level, all tasks at the lowest level queue level would continue execute round-robin for that levels timer limit or until some task in higher level pre-empted execution).

release 2 had modification by Lincoln Labs which went to purely two level execution queue and pending "wait" queue for page thrashing control. Keyboard interrupt for task would put it into queue1 and all tasks in queue1 would run round-robin with very short time "quantum" until they accumulated a queue1 "time-slice", at which time they would dorp into pending queue (used for page thrashing control) and scheduled for "runqueue2" when there was real storage available. Within runqueue2, execution was for quanta time-slice at which time it would round-robin between those in runqueue2 ... until queue2 time-slice was accumulated ... and which time it would be dropped into (bottom) pending queue and moved back to runqueue when real storage was available.

Lincoln Labs page thrashing control wasn't dynamic working set based. It was based on avg. real stroage required by Lincoln Labs fortran compile & executions, total system real stroage was divided by that number giving the max. number of concurrent tasks that could be in the run queue. If that number was exceeded, they were held in the pending queue.

At the university I rewrote a large amount of CP67, lots of significantly shortened pathlengths, ordered seek queueing for disk I/O (rather than FIFO) and scheduled chained page I/O requests to maximize transfers per revoultion (rather than single page transfer per I/O that resulted in avg 1/2 revolution delay per transfer). These and bits and pieces of misc other stuff were picked up and shipped in release 3.

I had also done dynamic calculated number of pages required for each task (working set) and moved tasks from pending queue to run queue based on the sum of working sets less than total real storage (rather than just a fixed maximum numberr of tasks). I also did several minute running avg. of resource utilization and calculated fair share resource utilization. Default queue ordering was based on fair share resource utilization. These were viewed as much more complex and weren't included and shipped to customers until release 3.1.

The cp67/vm370 group was split-off from the science center and started on partial rewrite that including eliminating and/or significantly simplifying the more complex stuff in cp67 (including nearly all my fastpath and dynamic adaptive stuff).

Release 1, PLC9 they let me put some of the fastpath stuff back into VM370.

I was then at the science center and still making enhancements to CP67 and making productions systems available to internal datacenters. I then started effort to migrate much of the rest of CP67 features to VM370 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

during this period, much of the vm370 group had been redirected to Future System activities ... FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

then with FS imploding there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines. This contributed to decision to pick up a lot of stuff from CSC/VM for inclusion in vm370 release 3. However, there was also decision to make a lot of the stuff as guinea pig ... for separately charge kernel software (part of transition to charging for all kernel software) ... packaged as vm370 add-on starting with Release 3 PLC9.

dyanamic adaptive posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
working set/clock posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#27 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#31 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 14 Jan 2018 12:33:26 -0800
Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:
Nice, sort of.

Should encourage the Governments to lower booze prices to fight crime. ;-)


my periodic comments about business trips to Sweden ... where comments about serious culture drinking problems ... alcohol was controlled by government alcohol stores with excessive high prices to discourage drinking.

i hypothesized that the government store TV advertisements for huge sales was encouraging government revenue (& drinking rather than discouraging drinking). a couple old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#38 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#1 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

the "Architecture Bizarre" post also references that by 1900 alcohol and tobacco taxes represented 43% of (US) federal revenue. Supposedly introduction of income tax was part of the move off running the government on alcohol & tobacco.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 14 Jan 2018 16:22:55 -0800
0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
Solaris has somthing of the sort. I've occasionally got "File is temporarily unavailable." Fifteen seconds later it opens.

IBM is just behind the curve.


isn't that part of what ADSM/TSM is suppose to do
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#Data_Sources

Other data injectors include policy-based hierarchical storage management (HSM) components for AIX, Linux and Windows. These allow migration of data from production disk into one or more of the TSM storage hierarchies while maintaining transparent access to that data by the use of DMAPI or NTFS reparse points.
... snip ...

I had originally done the implementation in the late 70s for internal datacenters as CMSBACK ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback
and posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

it went thru a number of internal releases before being enhanced for supporting distributed computing (workstations, unix PCs, etc) and released to customers as workstation data save (WDSF).

It was then picked up by AdStar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adstar

becoming ADSM, i.e. IBM was being re-orged into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company, the disk division was one of the business units that was furthest along. I've frequently mentioned that the disk division in the late 80s had been claiming that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division ... becuase of it constantly vetoing disk division advanced support for real distributed computing (communicatio group trying to preserve the communication dumb terminal paradigm and install base) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

trivia: we did some distributed computing & open system projects with the adstar VP of software, who also funded the original project supporting POSIX on MVS.
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.1.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r1.idan400/cpn2co70.htm

but were almost constantly at war with the communication group.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When did the home computer die?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When did the home computer die?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jan 2018 11:00:57 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#48 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#52 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?

for a decade or more, large cloud operators have claimed that they assemble their own servers at 1/3rd the price of brand name vendors (possibly contributing to IBM selling off its server business). the drastic drop in their server costs also contributes to environmentals becoming an increasing percentage of the cost of their megadatacenters (and increasing focus on green megadatacenters).

then a couple years ago, major cpu chip vendors started saying that they were shipping over half of their server chips directly to large cloud megadatacenters (where they assemble their own systems).

from today:

Facebook and Amazon are causing a memory shortage; Demand for DRAM is soaring thanks to the explosive growth in hyperscale data centers, creating a shortage and causing prices to increase.
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3247775/servers/facebook-and-amazon-are-causing-a-memory-shortage.html
According to DRAMeXchange, a division of market researcher TrendForce, the price of server DRAM will continue to rise as the supply remains tight in the first quarter of this year. The server DRAM market has seen tight supply since the third quarter of last year due to massive construction projects by the data center market, especially the hyperscale data centers, data centers that are bigger than a football field.
...
The cloud demands more capacity, and this has given rise to massive hyperscale data centers. A hyperscale data center is defined by IDC as having a minimum of 5,000 servers and covers at least 10,000 square feet in size, but often is much larger. A recent report by Synergy Research said there are nearly 400 hyperscale data centers around globe, with the majority located in the U.S. That number is expected to top 500 in the next two years.
... snip ...

the big megadatacenter claim over half million servers (factor of 100 times greater), multiple million cores/processors, and run by staff of 80-120 people (ratio of 5,000+ servers per person).

Note that press about over half of server cpu chips going directly to megadatacenters ... also had item about Amazon was specifying custom modified/designed server chips (custom server chip manufacturing runs)

Top 10 data center predictions: IDC; Smarter infrastructure, workload rationalization, as-a-service procurement on tap for data centers worldwide
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3242807/data-center/top-10-data-center-predictions-idc.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
Date: 15 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
http://nro.gov/history/csnr/articles/docs/LL_Methodology_Nov_2015.pdf
The Foundations of Innovation (Part 2 of 5): Ideas
http://cimsec.org/foundations-innovation-part-2-5-ideas/13427

... also in Boyd's briefings on OODA-loop he would say that it was necessary to observe from every possible facet (as countermeasure to orientation bias).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

part of systemic cataloging all the steps and then going around talking to specific people for each of the steps putting together a systemic view.

plus some that is analogous to "management by wandering around"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_by_wandering_around

in past organizational discussions we've had discussions about two classes of people, those that view the world as lots of cubbyholes .... and those that view the world as holistic systems. I've frequently found it impossible to get cubbyhole people to move to holistic systems view.

also "can't see the forest for the trees" ... the forest people are also much likely to see the trees that aren't there (but should be) and the trees that are there (but shouldn't be) .... but this also starts to wander into innovation and creativity ... and back to orientation bias & even bigger OODA-loops?

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jan 2018 17:33:44 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
a problem that I battled tho was that TSS/360 did address the (OS/360) problem of executables having (virtual) address specific binding. CMS used a lot of OS/360 did relied on the os/360 relocatable adcon convention that was updated at load time ... which gave me constant headaches in a real page-mapped paradigm ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#90 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

I ran into this first doing cms page-mapped filesystem for cp/67 in the early 70s (trying to include support for position/location independent) ... and then ported to vm370 ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

some more ... position-independent code
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Position-independent_code
In early computers such as the IBM System/360 (1965), code was position-dependent: each program was built to be loaded into, and run from, a particular address. Where a multitasking operating system allowed multiple jobs to be run using separate programs at the same time, operations had to be scheduled such that no two concurrent jobs would run programs that required the same load addresses. For example, both a payroll program and an accounts receivable program built to run at address 32K could not both be run at the same time.
... snip ...

... modulo (as referenced) tss/360.

some of this not becoming default until 2017
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Position-independent_code#Position-independent_executables
OpenBSD has PIE enabled by default on most architectures since OpenBSD 5.3, released on 1 May 2013.[7] Support for PIE in statically linked binaries, such as the executables in /bin and /sbin directories, was added near the end of 2014.[8] Beginning with Fedora 23, Fedora maintainers decided to build packages with PIE enabled as the default.[9] Ubuntu 17.10 has PIE enabled by default across all architectures,[10] it was released on 19 October 2017. Gentoo's new profiles now support PIE by default.[11].

Android enabled support for PIEs in Jelly Bean[12] and removed non-PIE linker support in Lollipop.[13]

... snip ...

vm370/cms release 3 picked up small subset of virtual segment enhancements ... but w/o the paged mapped filesystem support and w/o the relocatable shared segments (i.e. didn't support the same exact shared segment operating concurrently at different virtual addresses in different virtual address spaces) ... "DCSS"

With the CMS page-mapped filesystem support, shared segment executables could be defined as easily as creating any CMS executable. The release 3 hack (and for long time afterwards) ... had shared segment definitions built into the kernel, new definitions required building & ipling/booting new kernel.

CMS paged-mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

TSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TSS_(operating_system)

and Position-independent code
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TSS_(operating_system)#Position-independent_code
TSS provided an early implementation of "position-independent code", the ability to have different processes run a single copy of an executable possibly mapped to a different virtual addresses in each process.

System/360 programs typically contain modifiable data (working storage) and "address constants" or "adcons" (fields containing the addresses of code or data). In TSS, virtual addresses differ for each process running that program. TSS language processors place all adcons and working storage into a separate section of code called a Prototype Control Section, or "PSECT". When the program is loaded the dynamic loader makes a copy of the PSECT and relocates the adcons to reflect the virtual addresses assigned within the current process, therefore each user of the program has a unique copy of the PSECT. When a called program is executed general register 13 contains the address of the PSECT for the current process; this address is used for all references to variable data or addresses.[3][4]

... snip ...

other past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#78 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#79 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#91 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#95 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#96 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#97 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#12 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:21:47 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
That may be a better way to put it. After I read the book about Boyd, which you recommended, our timesharing philosophy generally followed his OOCD(sp?) method.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#33 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

OODA-Loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
Boyd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

after Spinney's article appeared in TIME ... gone behind paywall, but much of it lives free at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

a co-worker called Spinney (a Boyd "acolyte") ... and Spinney told him that he had to call Boyd. Co-worker than talked me into sponsoring Boyd's briefing. First time was just Patterns Of Conflict ... long day. The next time, John wanted to also do his new/evolving "Organic Design For Command&Control" ... on the same day ... made for a really long day. Following from old 16May1983 email announcement (didn't come close to staying to the schedule):

PATTERNS OF CONFLICT (9:00-11:30 and 1:00-3:00)

This presentation examines the role of conflict in military history and examines how that challenge was dealt with. Although presented in a military context, the presentation includes specific observations and guidelines for dealing with conflict in non-military situations, and much of the material is useful in inter-personal and organizational situations. Specific guidelines are presented for

Situational analysis - identification of resources available for dealing with a problem; analysis of the strengths, weaknesses and limits of available resources; analysis of challenger's capabilities.

Adaptive strategy development - dealing with changes in the situation

Anticipation of competitive reaction

Action plan implementation

Special emphasis is placed on organizational dynamics and coordination.

ORGANIC DESIGN FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL (3:15-4:00)

This short talk builds on the material presented in Patterns of Conflict and describes the importance of individuals to a functioning organization, and considers the role of harmony among individuals within an organization as an important aspect of the ability to meet the goals of that organization. The talk also attempts to indicate situations in which an organization will have difficulty meeting its goals.

... snip ...

posts & URLs referencing Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd also commented that he was very vocal about the electronics across the trail not working. Possibly as punishment he was put in command of "spook base". One of Boyd's biographies talks about "spook base" was $2.5B (late 60s dollars) "windfall" for IBM. reference gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:28:19 -0800
Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2018/01/14/hawaii-missile-alert-how-one-employee-pushed-the-wrong-button-and-caused-a-wave-of-panic/
From a drop-down menu on a computer program, he saw two options: "Test missile alert" and "Missile alert." He was supposed to choose the former; as much of the world now knows, he chose the latter, an initiation of a real-life missile alert.
... snip ...

Problem is well known since 1st days of drop down menus ... and serious confirmation since at least days of "erase *,*"

such computer safety human engineering goes back at least 40yrs. going back even further is multi-party operations as countermeasure to insider threats for sensitive operations in industry, financial, gov., military, etc (which can also be used to help catch computer safety mistakes). in the 80s, Jim Gray (at Tandem) did study of computer outages ... and found that they were moving from hardware outages to environmental problems and human mistakes (people: mostly, software: often, hardware: rarely)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

... slightly IBM (and as it happens Hawaii) ... with respect to multi-party operations ... CEO leaves IBM to headup large private-equity company that will acquire beltway bandit that will employ Snowden. Companies in private-equity mill are under heavy pressure to cut corners every way possible to supply more money for their owners. In the case of big uptic in private-equity buying up beltway bandits last decade, companies are prohibited from using money from gov. contracts to lobby congress (beltway bandit with no other business), but private-equity owners appear to be under no such restriction. 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

after the Snowden event, the agency director made some public statements about possibly needing (to reinstate?) multi-party operation

private-equity companies that became responsible for security clearances were found to be filling out the paperwork, but not actually doing background checks ... also significantly contributing to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (i.e. make more money from a series of failures).
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private equity take-over of RJR. KKR runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to help with RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and is being re-orged into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board hires away the former AMEX president who reverses the breakup and resurrects the company ... using some of the same techniques as at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
... and
http://www.ibmemployee.com/Highlights030802.shtml

then departs IBM for private-equity
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
... snip ....

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSAM usage for ancient disk models

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Jan 2018 18:33:36 -0800
000000ac4b1d56b3-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (David Purdy) writes:
I honestly cannot remember MVS *EVER* supporting 3375's DOS/VSE and VM AFAIK are the only OS's. Can someone correct me please ?

large corporations started ordering hundreds of vm/4300s at a time for placing out in departmental (non-datacenter) areas ... sort of the leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami.

MVS was looking at playing in that market ... but the only (new) CKD dasd was 3380 (high-end datacenter) ... all the low & mid-range disks were FBA (3310 & 3370) that could be deployed in non-datacenter, departmental areas.
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3370.html

Eventually they came out with (emulated) CKD announced as 3375 to support MVS in that market ... however there was additional issue, the customers were looking at large number of unattended systems per support person ... as opposed to number of support persons per system.

past posts mentioning CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

there was also similar explosion of vm/4300s inside IBM ... at one point resulting in significant problem scheduling increasingly scarce conference rooms for meetings.

trivia: 4341 integrated channels were so fast that with slight tweaking disk engineering & product test were using them for testing 3mbyte/sec 3880/3380 testing.

3370 & 3375
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3370_and_3375

above mention research starting on thin-film floating heads at TJW in the 60s. However, in the 70s, the disk division were running thin-film, floating head "air-bearing" simulation studies on SJR (bldg28, before research moved up the hill) MVT 370/195. However, even with high-priority designation, there were only getting a couple turn-arounds a month.

Then bldg. 15 (product test) got early engineering 3033 for disk I/O testing. they had been been running all testing in bldg 14&15 "stand-alone" (at one point they had tried running under MVS but found it had 15min MTBF in that environment, requiring manual re-ipl). I then offered to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... after which nearly all machines in bldg 14&15 ran under that system. Turns out even several concurrent I/O testing only used a few percent of 3033 CPU ... so started using the machine for lots of other stuff. We moved the air-bearing simulation from the MVT 370/195 to bldg 15 3033 and they could get several turn-arounds a day ... rather than a couple/month (while 370/195 was a little over twice the 3033 performance, the 195 job queue was measured in number of weeks).

1979 thin-film heads introduced for large disks
http://www.computerhistory.org/storageengine/thin-film-heads-introduced-for-large-disks/

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 19:38:30 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
It's really a price subsidy for consumers, since if truckers actually paid their share costs of goods would have yo rise drastically. OTOH, a lot of long-haul would probably move from road to rail.

Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (Oxford History of the United States Book 6) ... talks about US industrialization enabled by railroad (river, canal) transportation ... centralized mass production with market over large area. pg12/loc337-39:
The 9,000 miles of rail in the United States by 1850 led the world, but paled in comparison with the 21,000 additional miles laid during the next decade, which gave to the United States in 1860 a larger rail network than in the rest of the world combined.

pg12/loc349-50:
The difference between the wholesale price of western pork in Cincinnati and New York declined from $9.53 to $1.18 a barrel; the difference in the wholesale price of western flour between the same two cities dropped from $2.48 to 28 cents.

pg13/loc364-68:
This pre-industrial world could not survive the transportation revolution, which made possible a division of labor and specialization of production for ever larger and more distant markets. More and more farmers specialized in crops for which their soil and climate were most suitable. With the cash from sale of these crops they bought food and clothing and hardware previously made locally or by themselves but now grown, processed, or manufactured elsewhere and shipped in by canal or rail.
past posts that hiways are designed for 18wheeler axle-ton-mile (ESALs) building and maintenance lifetime ... and cars & light trucks have no effect (i.e. use/fuel taxes on cars are subsidizing heavy trucking)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#41 Transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#56 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#57 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#59 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#60 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#61 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#62 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#0 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#23 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#48 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#68 Historian predicts the end of 'science superpowers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#52 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#28 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#29 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#47 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#76 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#12 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#109 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#70 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSAM usage for ancient disk models

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jan 2018 08:02:51 -0800
mitchdana@GMAIL.COM (Dana Mitchell) writes:
Current (for us 2.1) z/OS HCD still shows 3375 as a valid DASD device type. IIRC 3375 was emulated CKD on FBA 3370 HDA's. I also think 3375s were used as the storage for the embedded 43X1's used as processor controllers on 3090s.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models

FEs had bootstrap service process ... starting with incrementally scoping for diagnoses for failed component. 3081 had circuits enclosed in TCMs ... no longer capable of scoping. Went to "service processor" (with 3310 FBA disk) that could be scoped/diagnosed and then used to analyze large number of probes embedded in TCMs.

Original move to 3090 was going to be 4331 running customized version of VM370 Release 6 for service processor (with 3370 disk, instead of RYO primitive customized operating system done from scratch) and all service screens done in CMS IOS3270 ... this was upgraded to pair of (redundant) 4361s for "3092"
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html
In addition, the 3092 processor controller requires two IBM 3370 model A2 direct access storage devices with string switches or equivalent. The 3092 requires access to a customer-supplied 3420 model 4, 6 or 8 tape drive or equivalent.
... snip ...

trivia: I had wanted to show that REXX (before customer release, originally just REX) wasn't just another pretty scripting language ... I decided on demo'ing that I could redo IPCS (very large assembler application) in less than 3months elapsed time working half time with ten times the function and running ten times faster (some slight of hand for REXX to run faster than assembler). I finished early so started doing library of automated scripts that searched/analyzed for lots of different kind of failure signatures. I had expected that it would be released to customers ... but for some reason it wasn't, even tho it became standard for internal datacenters and customer support PSRs. Some old email from the 3092 group wanting to include it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

Eventually I got approval for making presentations at SHARE and other customer user group meetings on how I implemented it .. and within a few months similar implementations started to appear. As an aside the implementation included functions like formating storage segments using maclib DSECTs and decompiling instruction sequences ... and this was in the "OCO-wars" (object code only) ... transition to no longer shipping source code. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

other trivia: this is old "greencard" done in IOS3270 with q&d conversion to html:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 08:23:31 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Actually the roads were originally designed for army tanks.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

part of the original interstate highway system justification was done for tanks ... US had observed that in WW2 that Germany had lots of advantage being able to (relatively) easily shifting forces from eastern and western fronts. In the 80s, realistically this justification had almost disappeared ... roads were being designed for lifetime ESALs by heavy trucks ... but US spent lots of money upgrading Germany's bridge weight limits to handle weight of Abrams M1 tanks (70 tons and growing). some recent posts mentioning Abrams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#14 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#13 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#1 How Desert Storm Destroyed the US Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#40 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#74 On Tactics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

however since then, US also almost totally eliminated funding of maintenance of its own bridges (and other infrastructure) ... with lack of projects and jobs ... students stopped taking civil engineer courses and universities started cutting back univ. civil engineering programs. "Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President", Volcker quote,
https:/www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

The previous administration had stimulus funds for infrastructure projects. From the laws of unintended consequences, from what stimulus funds that did make it into infrastructure projects (that didn't get skimmed/siphoned off) resulted in the projects having to hire Chinese firms in order to get civil engineers. Some recent posts about Volcker quote:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#72 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#79 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#61 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 09:10:58 -0800
mausg writes:
Life was hard that time. When the great call-up came in 1914, large numbers were rejected for being too short. It finally penetrated in higher levels in higher government that something had to be done.

(The famous T34 tank was almost impossible for a normal sized man to operate)


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#33 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#39 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

an uncle went in early and was tank mechanic for nearly all of US ww2. "tommy cooker" (sherman) ... they would hose out the inside, repair ... but were running out of crews ... drafting cooks and anybody they could find ... however my uncle was too large to fit in sherman ... recent past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#69 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#55 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#43 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:45 -0800
Peter.Farley@BROADRIDGE.COM (Farley, Peter x23353) writes:
Each of the IBM pages has a link to the next decade's history page, so you can start with the 1980's page and proceed to the others in sequence.

I didn't read all the IBM pages closely, but I didn't see VSE/AF jump out. Was that actually a version?

ECPS:VSE was a hardware feature on the 43xx machines (I know for sure it was on the 4361, not sure about other models). IIRC it provided microcode assists for VSE under VM.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#43 VSAM usage for ancient disk models

a little more complicated. Endicott did "e-architecture" ... somewhat like POK did XA-architecture ... but different. VS1 & DOS/VS were 370 ... "e-architecture" (4300 machines) had single virtual address sort of embedded in the microcode/hardware ... privileged instructions enabled/disabled virtual addresses, misc old email on e-architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email820916

There was ECPS microcode assist originally done for 370 138/148 (follow-on to 135/145 and precursors to 4300s). Basically VS/1 had portions of VS/1 some portions implemented in microcode. For the VM/370 ECPS, I was told that there was 6k bytes of microcode space available to translate 370 instructions to native microcode on just about same number of bytes but running ten times faster. I was to select 6kbytes of the highest used vm370 kernel pathlengths. Old post showing highest used portions of vm370 kernel cpu ... with 6kbytes accounting for 79.55% of vm370 kernel cpu
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

4300 machine could be brought up in 370-mode or in e-mode (somewhat like 3081s would run 370 or xa mode) ... and ECPS from 138/148 was also available on 4300 machine.

There was also VS1 changes for running in VM370 virtual machine ... combination where VS1 could actually run faster under VM370 than on the bare machine. This included VS1 handshaking mode ... VS1 application execution that had a VM370 page fault ... VM370 would handle the page fault but interrupt VS1 with psuedo page fault interrupt (to allow VS1 to switch tasks) and then when VM370 page fault handling was complete, it would present a psuedo page complete interrupt to VS1.

Endicott also tried to convince corporate to allow all Endicott machines to be shipped with vm370 pre-installed on all machines (sort of like later PR/SM & LPAR), but this was when POK was trying to get VM/370 product killed and the VM/370 group transferred to POK to work on MVS/XA (mid-70s, justification was otherwise POK wouldn't be able to ship MVS/XA on schedule in the 80s). POK succeeded ... but then Endicott manage to save the VM370 product mission (but not allowed to ship vm370 preinstalled on all machines), but had to reconstitute a VM/370 product group from scratch ... there were comments on VMSHARE by customers about VM370 code quality during this period. VMSHARE archive (TYMSHARE had started offering its CMS-based online computer conferencing to SHARE for free starting in Aug1976)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
trivia ... some mention of vse/af on vmshare, vse/sp 5 times cost of vse/af
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=VSEAF2SP&ft=MEMO

SJR had MVT 370/195 and VM/370 370/145 where all the original sql/relational implementation was done "System/R" ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

That was then replaced with MVS 370/168 and VM370 370/158 ... there was strings of 3330 dasd interconnected to both machines ... but there was rule that MVS 3330 could not be mounted on VM370 designated strings. One day operations accidentially violated the rule and within 5mins the SJR datacenter was getting angry calls about what had started causing the horrible interactive response ... i.e. horrible TSO interactive response was as much due to excessive use of multi-track searches (vtoc, pds directories) as it was to the bloated MVS pathlengths. Then demand was to immediately move the offending MVS 3330 ... but MVS operations said that a long running production job had started and they wouldn't move it until start of 2nd shift. So 3330 for optimized VS1 under VM370 was mounted on MVS string.

The optimized VS1 on heavy loaded VM370 370/158 was easily able to nearly bring MVS 370/168 to halt ... cutting the use of the offending MVS 3330 on the VM370 string and CMS interactive response nearly returning to normal. At that point, MVS 370/168 operations agreed to immediately move the offending MVS 3330 (in return for the VS1 3330 being moved).

4341
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP4341.html
4300
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_4300

both of the above says 4341 was approx 3.2 x 370/138 (but suspect mistype?) ... Jan1979, I was asked to do benchmarks (on engineering 4341 in bldg 15, during 1979 I would rib the Endicott performance & test organizations that I had more 4341 time than they did) for LLNL (national lab) that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm ... sort of leading edge of cluster/grid supercomputing and cloud cluster megadatacenters. Also a small cluster of 4341s had higher throughput than 3033, much cheaper and much smaller footprint and environments (at one point POK was so threatened that they managed to cut allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component in half).

old email with LLNL RAIN & RAIN4 benchmarks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790212


                  158               3031              4341
Rain          45.64/47.42    |   37.03/37.77   |   36.21/37.57
Rain4         43.90/44.80    |   36.61/36.89   |   36.13/36.51


also times approx; 145 168 91 145 secs. 9.1 secs 6.77 secs
... snip ...

& CDC6600 35.77 secs, more old 4300 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4300

VSE/AF handbook from bitsavers, lists connect page & disconnect page instructions
http://www.bitsavers.com/pdf/ibm/370/DOS_VSE/LY33-9101-0_VSE_Advanced_Functions_Rel_2_Handbook_Jun80.pdf
bitsavers 43xx
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/43xx/
4300 PincOP for ECPS:VSE
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/43xx/GA22-7070-1_4300_Processors_PrincOps_ECPS_VSE_Mode_Sep80.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 22:00:31 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
I saw a documentary some years ago. They interviewed a Waffen SS Panzer regiment commander. When asked about the Shermans, he said the people who sent troops into battle with those as their main tank should have been shot. He said he had no fear of the Shermans, nor the Firefly Sherman.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Boyd would talk about German tanks having 10:1 kill ratio over Shermans (which had to sneak up behind and shoot them in the back) ... but there were a lot more Shermans ... posts & URL referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd was also involved in the German officer interviews in the 70s
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/in-mid-1970s-military-reformers-led-by.html

including Hermann Balck, "The Greatest German General No One Ever Heard Of"
http://www.historynet.com/the-greatest-german-general-no-one-ever-heard-of.htm
In December 1942 Hermann Balck wiped out a force ten times his size in the most brilliantly fought divisional battle in modern military history
... snip ...

and
http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a160703.pdf
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B666O7-HemObSGtjbjF1SnVmRWc/view
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B666O7-HemObSFlybUlWdnlQaFk/view

and from Guderian's book (Panzer Leader),
https://www.amazon.com/Panzer-Leader-Heinz-Guderian-ebook/dp/B00OGQARWU/

loc2902-3:
Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I would not—I believe—ever have started this war.'

loc2903-6:
He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000; both the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had disagreed with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get that figure printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence reports at the time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate was therefore, if anything, a very conservative one.

loc2256-58:
The military commission was so insistent on this point that eventually our manufacturers and Ordnance Office officials concluded: 'It seems that the Russians must already possess better and heavier tanks than we do.' It was at the end of July, 1941, that the T34 tank appeared at the front and the riddle of the new Russian model was solved.

loc2262-64:
At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than 1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this was very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian tank factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the Christie-Russki type.
... snip ...

past posts mentioning Panzer Leader:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#55 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#43 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 10:00:35 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Dunkirk was the site of a very successful retreat by British soldiers after a defeat early in the war. It was hailed at the time as the "miracle of Dunkirk"; I believe it was Churchill who wrote in his memoirs at the time that one can't win a war through successful retreats, thus pouring some cold water on this.

Now, that doesn't mean that it couldn't have been decisive in bringing about Germany's eventual defeat. Retaining the resources to try again is very different from being crushed - and indeed Germany lost World War II, at least from one point of view, basically because Britain was able to hang in there until Pearl Harbor.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

and:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk

In "Panzer Leader", Guderian writes that Hitler ordered him to stop at the perimeter of Dunkirk ... Goering, head of air force, had convinced Hitler to let the air force finish the british off (which allowed them to get away, but leaving most of the material behind). Belief was that British would have then surrounded and the war would be over ... The British surrender would have also left the US with no European base to stage a campaign.

LeMay (as Goering) was saying something similar leading up to the 1943 US Strategic Bombing program ... that heavy strategic bombing would win the war without having to invade the continent. However, strategic heavy bombing from 5-6 miles up, it was almost impossible to hit the target.

trivia: John Foster Dulles had played major role in rebuilding Germany industry and military, 20s up through the early 40s. From the law of unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.
... snip ...

Germany somewhat had its own Dunkirk with the battle of the bulge. Patton had suggested just let Germans advance to the outskirts of Paris, they would then have outrun their supplies and it would be possible to roll them all up with no problem. Eisenhower said that wouldn't be politically correct/acceptable. Patton was then to attack one side of the base of the bulge while montgomery attacks the other side, cutting them off ... and rolling them up. Montgomery never got into position, so the Germans managed to escape through the gap ... although leaving most of their equipment.

Possibly because 1/3rd of total US WW2 spending went to strategic bombing and had so little to show for it, McNamara was then LeMay's staff planning the switch to fire bombing German and Japanese cities (almost impossible for fire bomb to miss a whole city).

There was recent long talk about the battle of britain. One of their observations (by a brit) was that the 1943 US strategic bomber program insisted that everything would be high altitude bombers and they needed no fighters. The British tried to tell them that the Germans learned that lesson the hard way during the battle of britain ... the necessity for long range fighters for the bombers ... but the US insisted on spending all their money on heavy bombers ... but they eventually relearned that lesson the hard way.

There is then some amount from Boyd and his acolytes about the USAF top officers and their bomber clique hating what they were doing for both fighters and also close air support. Boyd had significantly redesigned the F15 and was responsible for the Y16 and Y17 ... which becomes the F16 and F18. By the time Boyd passes, the USAF had disowned him and it was the Marines at Arlington. And then others were involved in the A10 (close air support), patterned after a German fighter/bomber successfully used for close air support against Soviet forces and tanks.

The threat of Soviet land war against Europe in the 70s & 80s was large part of the motivation for the A10 as well as interviewing German officers that fought against Soviets in WW2.

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent posts mentioning A10 and/or "close air support"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#2 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#62 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#9 Why do we keep losing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#88 The Pentagon's Pricey Culture of Mediocrity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#105 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 IBM 1970s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#1 How Desert Storm Destroyed the US Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#58 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 10:16:37 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Once Stalin found out the Japanese were not invading Siberia, he moved those Siberian divisions to block the Germans from taking Moscow. This is the one time he listened to his spies inside the Axis.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Stalin's worry about Japan attacking was attributed for attack on Pearl, the Soviets were fighting 3/4s of German military (leaving only 1/4th to the rest of the allies).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.historyonthenet.com/pearl-harbor-operation-snow/

not only Japan attack on Pearl ... but also obstructing US support for that Nationalists in China (part of thread on giving China to the Communists).

some recent posts on White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 11:23:44 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Just after I posted this, it occurred to me that I should have said Massachusetts. There is no such thing as "going around the block" to correct for a wrong turn. I figured this out myself when I got lost the first week I was living in Mass. I tried to go around the block and, I suspect, I almost ended up in Rhode Island or Connecticut. When I finally got to the apartment, I took my clothes off and went to bed with the intention of never going outside again.

I periodically rant about this ... first time visiting the science center (from the univ. ... coast-to-coast trip) ... got into logan late evening, rented a car, headed for what is now called royal sonesta in cambridge ... end of the science musuem bridge (vague memory it was chart house?? back in the 60s) ... it was 3am in the morning when i finally got to the hotel (i may have been almost to new hampshire). supposedly auto gps and computer driving directions would now stop that from happening

posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 12:27:32 -0800
mausg writes:
Other thing about WWII, Germany invades Soviet Union, the Soviet road system dissolves under the then narrow-tracked German tanks, so it is down to the partizan -threatened rail system. One source had it that large numbers of Germans spent the war converting the railway east to German guage during the advance, and blowing that system up during the retreat. When the Red Army tanks got to the German motorways coming West, that was it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Invasion of the Soviet Union, 1941
https://www.britannica.com/event/World-War-II/Invasion-of-the-Soviet-Union-1941
By mid-July, moreover, a series of rainstorms were turning the sandy Russian roads into clogging mud, over which the wheeled vehicles of the German transport behind the tanks could make only very slow progress. The Germans also began to be hampered by the scorched earth policy adopted by the retreating Soviets. The Soviet troops burned crops, destroyed bridges, and evacuated factories in the face of the German advance. Entire steel and munitions plants in the westernmost portions of the U.S.S.R. were dismantled and shipped by rail to the east, where they were put back into production. The Soviets also destroyed or evacuated most of their rolling stock (railroad cars), thus depriving the Germans of the use of the Soviet rail system, since Soviet railroad track was of a different gauge than German track and German rolling stock was consequently useless on it.
... snip ...

operation barbarossa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barbarossa
The failure of Operation Barbarossa proved a turning point in the fortunes of the Third Reich.[24] Most importantly, the operation opened up the Eastern Front, in which more forces were committed than in any other theater of war in world history. The Eastern Front became the site of some of the largest battles, most horrific atrocities, and highest casualties for Soviet and Axis units alike, all of which influenced the course of both World War II and the subsequent history of the 20th century.
... snip ...

aka ... soviets dealing with 3/4s of german military.

also from wiki:
Beginning in March 1941, Goering's Green Folder laid out details for the disposal of the Soviet economy after conquest. The Hunger Plan outlined how the entire urban population of conquered territories was to be starved to death, thus creating an agricultural surplus to feed Germany and urban space for the German upper class
... snip ...

Note that this account about Churchill doing something similar regarding India.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943
https:/www.amazon.com/Churchills-Secret-War-British-Ravaging-ebook/dp/

a few posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#62 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#14 India's British Army: the Honorable East India Company's Lasting Military Impact
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

and English had done something similar earlier during Irish Famine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Famine_(Ireland)#Irish_food_exports_during_Famine

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 13:03:00 -0800
How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
http://nymag.com/selectall/2018/01/d-e-shaw-the-first-great-quant-hedge-fund.html

US also almost totally eliminated funding of maintenance of bridges (and other infrastructure) ... with lack of projects and jobs ... students stopped taking civil engineer courses and universities started cutting back univ. civil engineering programs. "Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President", Volcker quote,
https:/www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!
... snip ...

The previous administration had stimulus funds for infrastructure projects. From the laws of unintended consequences, from what stimulus funds that did make it into infrastructure projects (that didn't get skimmed/siphoned off) resulted in the projects having to hire Chinese firms in order to get civil engineers.

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

past posts mentioning financial innovation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#63 The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#1 OT: book: "Capital in the Twenty-First Century"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 17:07:16 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Actually, I read that now Sears is privately owned, and the owner is pumping a lot of his personal money into it. I think it's loans, which he will probably not get back if they go belly-up.

Sears Canada executive in talks with private equity for deal: Reuters
https://www.pehub.com/canada/2017/9/sears-canada-executive-in-talks-with-private-equity-for-deal-reuters/

Sears Canada
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sears_Canada
On October 10, 2017, Sears Canada announced it would seek court approval to shut down all of its remaining stores in Canada and layoff of 11,240 remaining staff.[12] This was granted by the Ontario Superior Court on October 13, 2017.[13]

Liquidation sales began on October 19, 2017. The remaining Sears stores closed on January 14, 2018. Store fixtures and equipment are up for sale in the closed stores.[14][15]

... snip ...

Sears Holdings Corporation stock
https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/SHLD/

Sears Holdings
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sears_Holdings

Why doesn't Lampert take Sears private?
http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20170616/ISSUE10/170619921/why-doesnt-lampert-take-sears-private
The hedge fund mogul who controls Sears insists the beleaguered retailer has a bright future, even as persistent sales declines and operating losses force him to close stores and sell off assets. Earlier this year, he said Sears has "what it takes to move us forward." But investors aren't listening. Sears shares have dropped 24 percent this year to under $7 apiece, near an all-time low of $5.50, set in February, and down 96 percent from their peak value of $195.12 a decade ago.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 20:42:05 -0800
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
Why is up to left leaning me to support the military?

So cynical about the Sherman so I went to my primary source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M4_Sherman

For starters:

When the M4 tank went into combat in North Africa with the British Army at El Alamein in late 1942, it increased the advantage of Allied armor over Axis armor and was superior to the lighter German and Italian tank designs.

Later doctrine:

United States doctrine held that the most critical anti-tank work (stopping massed enemy tank attacks) was primarily to be done by towed and self-propelled anti-tank guns, both of which were referred to as "tank destroyers", with friendly tanks being used in support if possible.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

depending when and which theater being compared ... Soviet T-34 July 1941 better & heavier than German tanks ... from Guderian "Panzer Leader" referenced upthread. With regard to "Later doctrine", there is frequently a question of what is cause and what is effect ... since the Sherman gun couldn't take out Panthers and Tigers ... they would have to come up with some other strategy.

Field Marshal: The Life and Death of Erwin Rommel, Sherman also better & heavier than German tanks in north africa
https://www.amazon.com/Field-Marshal-Death-Erwin-Rommel-ebook/dp/B0108SGZFW/

loc6274-78:
It was his armor that caused him the most concern, as both the 1st and 7th Armoured Divisions were at less than brigade strength, with just over 100 tanks between them at the moment, though Auchinleck knew that at least 300 new Sherman tanks, courtesy of the United States Army, were on their way to Alexandria. Faster, more rugged and reliable, better armored and just as heavily armed as any panzer the Afrika Korps had in the field, these tanks promised to be game-changers for Eighth Army, hence Auchinleck's determination to buy time for their arrval.
... snip ...

Tanks in the German Army
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_in_the_German_Army
First encountered on 23 June 1941,[24] the T-34 outclassed the existing Panzer III and IV.[25] At the insistence of General Heinz Guderian, a special Panzerkommision was dispatched to the Eastern Front to assess the T-34.[26] Among the features of the Soviet tank considered most significant were the sloping armor, which gave much improved shot deflection and also increased the effective armor thickness against penetration, the wide track, which improved mobility over soft ground, and the 76.2 mm gun, which had good armor penetration and fired an effective high-explosive round.
... snip ...

The M4 Sherman Vs. the German Panther
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/m4-sherman-vs-german-panther/
In the final analysis, there were simply too many American tanks for the Germans to deal with. The American war industry, free from bomber raids and supported by a motivated work force (Germany resorted to slave labor) produced nearly 50,000 Shermans, more tanks than Germany and Great Britain made during the entire war. Germany only produced about 6,000 Panthers.
...
The Sherman was at a disadvantage. Although it mounted 75mm cannon, it was of a low-velocity type. The Sherman's designers felt that a low-velocity gun would last longer than a high-velocity one. They failed to realize that few Shermans would ever last long enough in combat to wear out their barrels. Later versions would have an upgraded high-velocity gun, but they would not reach front-line units until late November 1944, five months after the Normandy invasion. The armor, at 81mm, was considerably thinner than the Panther's and unable to withstand its armor-piercing ammunition.
... snip ...

Panther tank
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panther_tank
Though officially classified as a medium tank, its weight is more like that of a heavy tank, as its weight of 44.8 tons puts it roughly in the same category as the American M26 Pershing (41.7 tons), British Churchill (40.7 tons) and the Soviet IS-2 (46 tons) heavy tanks. The tank had a very high power to weight ratio however, making it extremely mobile regardless of its weight. Its weight still caused heavy tank-esque problems however, such as an inability to cross certain bridges.
... snip ...

Shermans vs Tigers: Tank Wars at the Battle of the Bulge
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/shermans-vs-tigers-tank-wars-the-battle-the-bulge-20851
In terms of armor, the difference was daunting, with German tanks frequently outgunning and outmaneuvering the ubiquitous American medium Shermans and the British Army's Churchills, Valentines, and Cromwells. The third-ranking German tank was at least the equal of the Allies' best tanks, and the formidable Tiger, mounting a high-velocity 88mm cannon, was superior to all armor in the European Theater of Operations.

Withstanding a Dozen Shermans

The most powerful tank of World War II, a single 67-ton Tiger II could hold up a dozen Sherman tanks, and often did. Known variously as the Tiger B, King Tiger, and Royal Tiger, the Tiger II carried a crew of five, had a 600-horsepower engine and a maximum speed of 21.74 miles an hour, and boasted a cruising range of 105.57 miles.

... snip ...

Sherman tank
https://www.britannica.com/technology/Sherman-tank
The M4 entered active service with the British in North Africa in October 1942. It was roughly in the same class as early versions of the German Pz. IV (panzer), which at that time weighed 25 tons, had a top road speed of 40 km (25 miles) per hour, and mounted a 75-mm gun.
...
The M4 had a faster rate of fire and greater speed, but both the Panther and the Tiger had significantly greater range and accuracy. The German tanks were also more survivable. Consequently, it took superior numbers for Anglo-American forces to defeat German armoured formations. The most notable effort to break the Germans' qualitative advantage was the Firefly, a Sherman equipped with a 76.2-mm long-barreled gun (a "17-pounder").
... snip ...

Sherman Firefly
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman_Firefly
Fireflies were introduced to armoured brigades[note 3] and divisions in the 21st Army Group in 1944, just in time for the Normandy landings. The timing was fortunate as Allied intelligence had begun to realize in early 1944 through statistical analysis that the Germans were fielding a much larger number of more formidable tanks (such as the Panther) than had been anticipated. This information was slow to reach Allied military planners, who had mistakenly assumed the Panther, like the Tiger, would be a rare heavy tank with a limited production run, so the number of Panthers deployed came as a surprise to Allied formation commanders and tank crews forced to engage them with guns that could not penetrate the frontal armour except at short range.[2]
... snip ...

The M-4 Sherman Tank Was Hell on Wheels -- And a Death Trap Fire-prone tank had to outnumber its foes to win
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-m-4-sherman-tank-was-hell-on-wheels-and-a-death-trap-502b0d99e744
M4 Sherman
https://ww2db.com/vehicle_spec.php?q=180
A Poor Defense: Sherman tanks in WW2
https://archives.library.illinois.edu/blog/poor-defense-sherman-tanks-ww2/

as I've posted before, my wife's dad was command of engineering combat battalion in 8th armored division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_(United_States)

before given command of engineering combat group ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#37 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#11 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#7 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#33 Crossing the Rhine - 70 Years Ago Today - In Pictures!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#66 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#7 The 1970s engineering recession

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
Date: 19 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2017-12/now-hear-this%E2%80%94prepare-be-or-do-moment

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Possibly affecting that was one of my hobbies was doing enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters .... including HONE (worldwide online sales and marketing systems). From IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

A little later, I met John Boyd and sponsored his briefings at IBM.

Datamation put a slightly different spin on "Tandem Memos", Emmett, R. 1981, "VNET or gripenet?" Datamation, Vol. 27, No. 12 (November), pp.48-58. Lots of online citations but web search doesn't turn up copy. They garbled it with the "gripenet" bit ... however, end of the article (pg58):
There is a rumor that Wheeler may leave IBM and join his former colleagues on the outside as consultant. "Right now he's pure gold whatever way you slice him up," says one source. "IBM needs him and the outside companies would probably pay anything to get him." However you look at this ug of war, it can only be good news for IBM's VM users. "An enormous shop window is opening for them." said one observer. "And what they'll discover in that window is a very powerful tool to control their own destinies--and not have IBM do it."
... snip ...

John Boyd, January 23, 1927 - March 9, 1997, tribute in USNI Proceedings,
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
for those w/o membership ...
http://radio.weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html

When still undergraduate, I was one of 1st half dozen employees hired into Boeing hdqtrs to help form Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment) ... had mid-level title and could park in hdqtrs lot at Boeing field. There was lots of politics, the CFO running the effort, at the time only had 360/30 for doing payroll ... and had to contend with the head of Renton datacenter. I thought that Renton may have had the largest operation at the time with something between $200M-$300M (60s dollars) in IBM 360s. When I started, 360/65s were arriving in Renton faster than they could be installed, constant boxes staged in the hallways around the machine room.

Later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM. He would say that he was vocal about the sensors on the trail wouldn't work ... so possibly as punishment, they put him in charge of "spook base" (about the time I was at Boeing) ... he would say it had the largest air conditioned bldg. in that part of the world. One of Boyd's biographies says that "spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Boeing Renton). "Spook Base" reference gone 404, but still lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boeing also had plan to replicated Renton up at the new 747 plant at Paine field ... there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer heats up and a resulting mud slide takes out the Renton datacenter (the cost to Boeing being w/o the datacenter for week would be more than the cost of the datacenter).

When I graduated and first joined IBM, I drank the kool-aid and got 3piece suits for customer calls. I'd do technical presentations at SHARE and lots of customers liked me to wander by their shops and talk technology. One was manager of one of the largest (true blue, all-IBM) financial datacenters on the east coast. At one point, the branch manager horribly offended that customer. The customer decided it would teach IBM a lesson and be the first non-university customer to order an Amdahl machine (it would be a lonely red system in a vast sea of blue systems). I got called in and told to go live onsite at the customer for 6-12 months. I said I was really good friends with the customer and knew it would change nothing. I was told that the branch manager was really good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO and I needed to do this to obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine. I said I still couldn't see any reason to do it. I was told that if I didn't obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine, it would ruin the branch manager's career (best buds with IBM CEO) and I could forget about having any career in IBM. I never wore a 3piece suit again, a long career offending lots of people in IBM.

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
... snip ...

and the 1st non-university, large commercial, true-blue IBM customer to order one, they tried to blame on me ... obfuscation and misdirection away from the branch manager. I had also continued to work on 370 stuff all through the FS period, even periodically ridiculing the FS work ... which also wasn't exactly career enhancing activity.

other refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#13 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment

computer mediated conversation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
Boyd post & URls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 11:35:17 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
The explanation I read was that then current car making plants didn't need a rebuild to make Shermans. But to make heavy tanks, the plants would have to be torn down and new ones put up.

I think a better main gun would have helped like a 75mm high velocity gun. But it could be the chassis couldn't handle such.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

The british firefly sherman (retrofitted with heavy gun)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman_Firefly

also

M4 Sherman
https://ww2db.com/vehicle_spec.php?q=180
While Americans developed more lethal rounds to improve the M4 Sherman tanks, the British took a different approach. Royal Tank Regiment Major George Brighty led an effort to modify certain batches of M4 Sherman tanks, particularly the M4 (Sherman I) and M4A4 (Sherman V) variants, so that they would carry the larger caliber 17-pounder guns. The end result were the Sherman Firefly tanks, which effectively became the most powerfully gunned Allied tanks of World War II, capable of dueling the feared German Panther and Tiger tanks. Sherman Firefly tanks were first used by British and Commonwealth units on 6 Jun 1944 at the Normandy landings, and were used until the end of the European War.
... snip ...

aka, the more "lethal rounds" and the "17-pounder" guns were specifically for tank-on-tank.

The M-4 Sherman Tank Was Hell on Wheels -- And a Death Trap Fire-prone tank had to outnumber its foes to win
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-m-4-sherman-tank-was-hell-on-wheels-and-a-death-trap-502b0d99e744
In the new film Fury, a single Tiger tank devastates a platoon of Shermans advancing across Germany. Gus Stavros, a World War II veteran who witnessed actual combat between a Sherman and a Tiger outside of the town of Nennig, Germany, said the reality of pitched battle between the two tanks was just as horrifying.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 17:08:46 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Same in the Pacific. I just read a book about the Guadalcanal campaign. We started out with inferior resources, but by the end we were just overwhelming the Japanese with planes and ships.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#81 TCM's Moguls documentary series

"there have been past refernces to Halsey (marines) and MacArthur (army) in competition to see who could kill the most US solders"

... rather than bypass/isolating islands.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 22:43:58 -0800
J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
No, that requires a modern fighter in full burner.

Catapult shots are more like 0-150 in 300 feet.


catapult
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_catapult
steam catapult types, performance, characteristics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_catapult#Steam_catapults_types
C-11 and C-11-1 225 feet (69 m) 211 feet (64 m) 39,000 pounds (18,000 kg) @ 136 knots; 70,000 pounds (32,000 kg) @ 108 knots SCB-27C Essex class conversions, USS Coral Sea, bow installations on USS Midway and USS Franklin D. Roosevelt, waist installations on USS Forrestal and USS Saratoga

C-11-2 162 feet (49 m) 150 feet (46 m) Waist catapults on USS Midway and USS Franklin Roosevelt

C-7 276 feet (84 m) 253 feet (77 m) 40,000 pounds (18,000 kg) @ 148.5 knots; 70,000 pounds (32,000 kg) @ 116 knots USS Ranger, USS Independence, bow installations on USS Forrestal and USS Saratoga

C-13 265 feet (81 m) 250 feet (76 m) 78,000 pounds (35,000 kg) @ 139 knots Kitty Hawk class, USS Midway after SCB-101.66 modernization, USS Enterprise

C-13-1 325 feet (99 m) 310 feet (94 m) 80,000 pounds (36,000 kg) @ 140 knots One installation on USS America and USS John F. Kennedy, All on USS Nimitz, USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, USS Carl Vinson, and USS Theodore Roosevelt

C-13-2 325 feet (99 m) 306 feet (93 m) USS Abraham Lincoln, USS George Washington, USS John C. Stennis, USS Harry S. Truman

C-13-3 261 feet (80 m) 246 feet (75 m) 60,000 pounds (27,000 kg) @ 140 knots FNS Charles de Gaulle

... snip ...

electromagnetic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_catapult#Electromagnetic_Aircraft_Launch_System

periodic articles about still debugging
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Gerald_R._Ford
more on electromatic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Gerald_R._Ford#Performance_improvements
Replacing traditional steam catapults, the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) will launch all carrier aircraft. This innovation eliminates the traditional requirement to generate and store steam, freeing up considerable area below-deck. With the EMALS, Gerald R. Ford can accomplish 25% more aircraft launches per day than the Nimitz class and requires 25% fewer crew members.
... snip ...

more
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_Aircraft_Launch_System

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#32 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#34 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#50 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#51 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#53 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
Date: 20 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Stockman (Reagan budget director) claims credit for accelerating SS contribution increase so the money would be available for DOD ... and for starting to tax SS benefits (taxed when the contributions paid into SS and taxed again when benefits paid out). Under Carter, SS contributions were revamped to cover baby boomers through retirement, Stockman accelerated contribution increases to make more money in SS Trust Fund for DOD. Double taxation of Social Security was also way of providing more tax revenue (for DOD) w/o appearing to increase taxes.

How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/income-tax-social-security-became-114600083.html

Long winded article, about increasing SS contributions and starting to tax benefits
http://dissidentvoice.org/2013/09/ronald-reagan-and-the-great-social-security-heist/
President Reagan and his advisers knew, from the very beginning, that the government would soon face a severe cash shortage. Budget Director, David Stockman, had deliberately rigged the computer at the Office of Management and Budget to generate bogus revenue forecasts in an effort to convince Congress to enact Reagan's unaffordable proposed tax cuts. When Stockman first fed the data from Reagan's economic proposals into the computer, he was shocked. The computer forecast that, if Reagan's proposals were enacted into law, massive budget deficits would loom ahead for as far as the eye could see.
... snip ...

some past stockman SS related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#91 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#51 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#37 GOP Announces Privatization Of Medicare And The Details Are TERRIFYING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#61 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#91 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#94 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#11 Attack SS Entitlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#30 $16T National Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#12 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#48 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#51 Taxing Social Security Benefits

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
Date: 20 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Recognized that congress had to appear to do something about the economic mess, resulting in Dodd-Frank. Lots of Dodd-Frank was enormously overly complex that would make it difficult or impossible to devise regulations. Also instances of wallstreet lobbyists wrote sections of the draft bill, the draft wording then leak, then same people would publically ridicule the provisions ... all part of discrediting the process.

Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
https://splinternews.com/senate-democrats-join-hands-with-republicans-to-sell-yo-1822119464
Democrats Add Momentum to G.O.P. Push to Loosen Banking Rules
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/15/us/politics/democrats-banking-rules.html

Dodd was high on "Friends of Mozilo" list
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
who is #1 on time's list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

"Confidence Men" pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully -- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform, Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

Friends of Angelo were somewhat similar to the Keating FIve
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
during the S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
where Keating wrote them a memo that started out "Kill Black"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

S&L crises had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions with jail time, "economic mess" was 70 times larger, proportionally there should be 70,000 criminal convictions.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some past posts specifically mentioning "friends of angelo"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#13 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jan 2018 16:26:35 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
Eatern Pacific its a hurricane, once it crosses the International Dateline, it gets a new name and is then called a typhoon.

National Hurricane Center
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#40 Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic

Typhoon, Hurricane, Cyclone: What's the Difference?
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/09/130923-typhoon-hurricane-cyclone-primer-natural-disaster/

above also says
The number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes worldwide nearly doubled from the early 1970s to the early 2000s. Moreover, both the duration of tropical cyclones and their strongest wind speeds have increased by about 50 percent over the past 50 years.
... snip ..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jan 2018 17:01:31 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
They did take on platoons of Shermans and took them out. And there were always more Panthers than just one. Along with the 88mm anti-aircraft/anti-tank guns.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#51 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#56 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

The Deadly 88 -- Was the German Flak 18/37 the best gun of World War II?
http://militaryhistorynow.com/2014/12/14/the-deadly-88-was-the-german-flak-1837-the-best-gun-of-world-war-ii/
Operation Battleaxe kicked off on June 15, 1941, Matildas advancing towards the Halfaya Pass were cut down with surgical precision by just five German 88s. Of the 18 Allied tanks put out of action on the first day of the offensive, 15 fell victim to Flak 18s.
... and from comments
-German optics were unexcelled the entire war -German anti tank rounds were far superior in penetration than comparable shells of a similar caliber -the 88 was designed as a flak weapon to engage aircraft at high altitude. Engaging slow moving tanks at 3,000 yards meant a single gun could engage an entire squadron and possibly destroy the lot before the tanks could engage. You failed to mention the comparable rates of fire. Since the 88 was not restricted by a tuet or interior of an armored vehicle its rate of fire was significantly higher.
...
The truly AMAZING thing about the 88mm FLAK 36 L/56 was that although they are credited with destroying 2,000 assorted vehicles in the Desert, ROMMEL only had TWENTY of them in total of which 12 were considered operational at any time.
... snip ...

German 88mm Anti-aircraft, Artillery Gun
http://worldwar2headquarters.com/HTML/weapons/german/88gun.html
Wheels were available for the cruciform mount when moving the gun. The front and back legs of the cruciform would be attached to these wheels so that it could be towed like a trailer. The side legs could be folded up while traveling.
... snip ...

8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8.8_cm_Flak_18/36/37/41
The versatile carriage allowed the 8.8 cm FlaK to be fired in a limited anti-tank mode when still on its wheels;[3] it could be completely emplaced in only two and a half minutes.[3] Its successful use as an improvised anti-tank gun led to the development of a tank gun based upon it: the 8.8 cm KwK 36, with the "KwK" abbreviation standing for Kampfwagen-Kanone (literally "battle vehicle cannon", or "main battle tank cannon"), meant to be placed in a gun turret as the tank's primary armament. This gun served as the main armament of the Tiger I heavy tank.
... snip ...

German 88mm Artillery: Flak 18/36/37
https://www.defensemedianetwork.com/stories/german-88mm-artillery-flak-183637/
The German 88mm Flak has to be considered the most famous artillery piece of World War II.
... and German officer quote (that I've seen before):
"Well, it's like this. I was on a hill as a battery commander with six 88mm anti-tank guns, and the Americans kept sending tanks down this road...Every time they sent a tank we knocked it out. Finally we ran out of ammunition and the Americans didn't run out of tanks."
... snip ...

WWII Weapons: The German 88mm Gun
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/wwii-weapons-the-german-88mm-gun/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The 17 equations that changed the course of history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The 17 equations that changed the course of history
Date: 20 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
The 17 equations that changed the course of history
http://www.businessinsider.com/17-equations-that-changed-the-world-2014-3

previously posted:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#48 The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History

The "Big Short", pg113/loc1720-25:
Looking into it a bit, Jamie found that the model used by Wall Street to price LEAPs, the Black-Scholes option pricing model, made some strange assumptions. For instance, it assumed a normal, bell-shaped distribution for future stock prices. If Capital One was trading at $30 a share, the model assumed that, over the next two years, the stock was more likely to get to $35 a share than to $40, and more likely to get to $40 a share than to $45, and so on. This assumption made sense only to those who knew nothing about the company. In this case the model was totally missing the point: When Capital One stock moved, as it surely would, it was more likely to move by a lot than by a little.
... snip ...

They had already found that out in the case of "Long-Term Capital Management" failure that threaten to take down the industry (there is folklore that one weekend Greenspan called up ten institutions and each were to bring $300M and meet him).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-Term_Capital_Management

Several articles that individuals wanted the transaction fees&commissions, models were tweaked until it permitted what they wanted to do ... they didn't care what happened afterwards. ... claims blaming Black-Scholes is just obfuscation ... business people telling the risk managers to fiddle the inputs until the desired results were achieved (GIGO)

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/

Math, leverage and risk
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF20Dj03.html
It did not take the 2008 crisis to show Kevin Dowd and me that value-at-risk (VaR), invented in the early 1990s, was utterly unsound. Indeed its flaws were well known for several years before the crash - the great mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot, in his 2004 The Misbehavior of Markets, had pointed them out with mathematical elegance we could not hope to match (Mandelbrot had pointed out flaws in the emerging underlying theory as early as 1962).
... snip ...

Late 80s, calculations on CITIs ARM mortgage portfolio shows that minor rate changes can result in bringing the bank down. At the time, CITI was the largest player in the market, it then gets out of the mortgage market, sells off its portfolio and requires private bailout (Saudi prince) to stay in business.

The person responsible for the CITI portfolio calculations publishes a number of industry articles in 2006 time-frame showing the Black-Scholes calculations aren't accounting for the various kinds of CDO risk (not even taking into account that the triple-A ratings aren't accurate/correct and the lack of documentation on which to base risk calculations).

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#75 Hillary Remains Clueless About Regulation on the 28th Anniversary of the Keating Five Meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#54 In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#11 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#42 Nobody saw the economic mess coming last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#1 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#79 And the Award for Best Financial Crisis Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#82 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to
Date: 20 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to (Finjan for Example)
http://techrights.org/2018/01/03/ibm-becomes-another-microsoft/
Summary: IBM and Microsoft have adopted a similar patent strategy which involves threatening a lot of companies for 'protection' money and passing patents to patent trolls that threaten these same companies some more
... snip ...

also

Microsoft, Masking/Hiding Itself Behind Patent Trolls, is Still Engaging in Patent Extortion
http://techrights.org/2018/01/18/microsoft-patent-extortion-in-cloud/
"The patent strategy is still similar; we just don't see Ballmer's face anymore. He was at least honest about Microsoft's views about GNU/Linux. Nadella just shamelessly lies about it."
... snip ...

some past patent troll posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#5 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#35 The Web's longest nightmare ends: Eolas' patents are dead on appeal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#88 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#14 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#64 "Death of the mainframe"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2018 08:06:14 -0800
mausg writes:
One source that I forget had it that captured 88s were still in store in the Soviet Union during the 1980's as reserve weapons. The barrels of such weapons would wear out fairly quickly, however. I was viewing rifles some years ago, to replace my old .22, and looking down the barrels of such guns[1] . A 22-250 gun's barrel was almost reduced to smoothbore. High-velocity gun barrells do not last

[1] Second-hand guns.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#62 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

WWII Weapons: The German 88mm Gun
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/wwii-weapons-the-german-88mm-gun/
The use of the RA 9 and the modified carriage resulted in the 88mm FlaK 36. As the war progressed, the use of such propellants as Diglycol and Gudol lessened barrel wear. The eventual replacement of copper driving bands by sintered iron bands also lessened wear compared to the more expensive and hard to find copper. These developments increased barrel life to 6,000 -- and in some cases to 10,000 -- rounds, eliminating the initial reason for the multi-barrels. But the German production lines could not be easily changed, so the Nazis continued to produce the expensive and time-consuming multi-barrels until the last year of the war when a plant in Pilsen was able to produce a monobloc barrel using a novel vertical centrifuge casting process.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2018 08:34:52 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
And the 'rate of fire' is done under the best conditions. Rather quickly the gun crew is going to collapse from exhaustion.

We had two 5"/54 guns on the US Navy destroyer ( DDG ) I was stationed on. They were loaded by a gun crew. They could rapid fire, for a few minutes. After that, they had to slow down. We had star shell, general purpose, and anti-tank rounds. How do I know that ? I asked one of the gunner's mates who was part of the gun crew. I was also on several working parties that loaded ammo onto the ship. At 5", the projectile and powder are separate and loaded separately.

One gun turret, single barrel forward, one aft. We also had a dual anti-air/anti-ship missle launcher. They was loaded upon button pushes. The crew was inside the ship.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#62 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#65 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Battle Ready: The National Coast Defense System and the Fortification of Puget Sound, 1894-1925
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Ready-National-Fortification-1894-1925/dp/0874223202

In a presentation, the author mentioned they had very large crews/gun in order to maintain firing rate ... because of the streneous physical effort/fatigue. Some of the guns & crew were sent to Europe in WW1.

Triangle of Fire - The Harbor Defenses of Puget Sound (1897-1953)
http://www.historylink.org/File/7524

Rate of fire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rate_of_fire
For artillery pieces, a gun on a towed mount can usually achieve a higher rate of fire than the same weapon mounted within the cramped confines of a tank or self-propelled gun. This is because the crew operating in the open can move more freely and can stack ammunition where it is most convenient. Inside a vehicle, ammunition storage may not be optimized for fast handling due to other design constraints, and crew movement may be constricted.
... snip ...

doesn't mention larger crew size alternating/trading off.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
Date: 21 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/01/temporary-protected-status-el-salvador/550349/

There was significant increase in congressional lobbying to turn blind eye to the enormous explosion in illegal workers that occurred after the start of the century.

This is book written how (national) chamber of commerce around the turn of the century became center of intensive congressional lobbying (including ignoring the illegal worker issue) ... and it got so bad that local chapters started divorcing themselves from the national organization. "The Influence Machine: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life"
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

In 1992, AMEX spins off a lot of its backend dataprocessing and payment transaction outsourcing business in the largest IPO (up until that time) as "First Data". Later in the 90s, "First Data" and "First Financial" were competition for acquiring Western Union and "First Data" dropped out (in part because of WU poor financial health). Then in late 90s, First Data and First Financial merge (First Data had to spin off MoneyGram as part of the merger).

After the turn of the century there was an enormous explosion in illegal workers being brought in and the workers sending their wagess home. As a result, WU revenue also exploded after the turn of the century and by 2005 it was half of First Data's bottom line. Possibly in part because the president of Mexico invited First Data executives to Mexico to be thrown in jail (for the amount of money they were making off the illegal workers), First Data spins off Western Union.

"Influence Machine" also has quite a bit on Boehner; "They Pray to the Money"; House Republicans Decry Speaker John Boehner's Lobbyist-Friendly Congress
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/pray-money-house-republicans-decry-speaker-john-boehner-lobbyist-run-congress/
also article same day, "Donald Trump Says He Can Buy Politicians, None of His Rivals Disagree"
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/donald-trump-buy/

I'm surprised about how much obfuscation and misdirection there is ... 2000-2005 there was enormous uptic in large corporations bringing in illegal workers ... all the focus is elsewhere. Note in 90s, congress had GAO do reports on the subject ... but after 2000 I was unable to find any interest by congress in such facts.

chamber of commere posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#106 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes

other posts mentioning illegal worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#12 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#162 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#169 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#7 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#15 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#27 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#46 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#100 Ray Tomlinson, inventor of modern email, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#51 Penn Central PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#49 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#107 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#24 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2018 14:05:47 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#62 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#65 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

somebody just posted

Tiger Day IX - 28 April 2018 | The Tank Museum
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNtutNkZsDU&feature=youtu.be

In 2018, Tiger Day will take place on both 28 April and 15 September. These two dates will be the only opportunities all year to see Tiger 131, the only functioning Tiger 1 in the world, running. For Tiger fans this is a day not to be missed!
http://tankmuseum.org/whats-on/events/bovevt64010

World of Tanks
http://tankmuseum.org/year-news/bovnews53673

The Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset BH20 6JG

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 10:20:44 -0800
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
https://warontherocks.com/2018/01/next-new-military-specialty-software-developers/
To be clear, cyber warriors are not software developers. A common misperception is that cyber refers to anything involving computers. Cyber teams design weapons, not user interfaces and reports. They write code, but not in MySQL, Python, or Ruby. They are not creating new tools and systems to improve efficiency within their services. The services have created no occupational specialties for software coders or even skill identifiers for qualified personnel. To remain a dominant force in the Information Age, the U.S. military -- all four services -- must create a corps of software developers in uniform.
... snip ...

however, military-industrial complex cyber/dataprocessing calls over the past several decades more commonly seem like justification for more money but never actually change things ... still seem to have a cyber dumb culture

I've frequently referenced former AMEX president involved in private-equity activity ... then RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
and then back to private equity
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster
.... snip ....

part of lobbying and significant uptic in outsourcing (especially to private-equity owned companies) after the turn of the century ... including buying the beltway bandit that will employ snowden ... here 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
which also significantly accelerated the rapidly spreading success of failure culture especially cyber/dataprocessing efforts:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
former AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

past cyber dumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#49 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#0 Deep State: Inside the Government Secrecy Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#12 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#22 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#23 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#34 UN to Five Eyes nations: Your mass surveillance is breaking the law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#65 New Military Gear Doesn't Have to Cost a Fortune
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#45 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#44 Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 10:42:56 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
One idiotic comment I have seen on several WW2 you tube videos are the claim that they are photoshopped. Then people point out that the software and the computers to do that didn't exist back then, and those are actual combat photographer films converted to digital and uploaded.

We found my wife's fathers status reports at (college park) national archives ... he was command of engineering combat battalion in 8th armored division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_(United_States)
and then command of engineering combat group (sort of variation on regiment/brigade) ... fluid organization changing type and number (3-6) of engineering combat battalions as needed. Towards the end he was frequently ranking officer in enemy territory and acquired a collection of german officer daggers in surrenders

As young child my wife helped him with putting together albums of his WW2 pictures ... including some liberated camp pictures (which she never wants to see again). we conjecture that experience of camp liberation was why he refused further command in Germany (after end of hostilities), even when promised promotion to general ... continuing to refuse until retired in the 60s (possibly as punishment they made him military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek and he brought his family over to Nanking in 1947) ... some WW2 status report past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#37 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#7 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#33 Crossing the Rhine - 70 Years Ago Today - In Pictures!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#66 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#7 The 1970s engineering recession

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:18:44 -0800
Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:
"To remain a dominant force in the Information Age, the U.S. military -- all four services -- must create a corps of software developers in uniform."

Because civilian contractors can't be trusted to do what they've been doing for decades?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

so one scenario it is just excuse for getting more money in their budget. another scenario/excuse is they are trying to bypass the lengthy/complicated acquisition process (and the success of failure culture).

enormous uptic in outsourcing after turn of century and the rapidly spreading success of failure culture

we looked at situation where vendor that had done a website said it would be $10M to add two new web pages to the website. It might take a year or more.

a common refrain is "don't leave money on the table" ... new large, 3year contract involving multiple vendors (prime and multiple subs) where we pointed out that what they were doing wouldn't work. Their reply was they would follow letter of the contract; they said that they might consider suggesting what would work in a follow-on contract ... after the current one runs out ... otherwise it would be leaving money on the table.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

as aside, there have been several examples where people in theater have done enhancements to physical equipment based on live experience. somebody might be thinking that people closer to live user may be able to better tailor software to real use.

slightly related, I've done a project or two with somebody that claimed he had coined the term COTS for government (primarily dataprocessing). We've had lots of discussions about COTS save huge amount of money ... and may even be higher quality/function ... when the consumer/commercial use is similar to government/military use ... however there have been lots of situations where there are attempts to force COTS for things that it was never intended for.

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The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 12:09:08 -0800
Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:
Some eyebrows will be raised if this tries to bypass the purchasing bureaucracy

Not that this is a bad thing, Beltway Bandits are not a Good Thing for anyone but themselves and their lobbyists.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#71 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

some latest on acquisition:

DoD Restructures Acquisition, Technology Office to Improve Military Lethality, Speed
https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1265231/dod-restructures-acquisition-technology-office-to-improve-military-lethality-sp/
This is the Pentagon's new acquisition structure
https://www.defensenews.com/breaking-news/2017/08/02/this-is-the-pentagons-new-acquisition-structure/
New Pentagon report changes DOD acquisition and tech approach
https://defensesystems.com/articles/2017/08/08/dod-acquisition.aspx

but there is always the suspicion that it is just another gimmick by MIC to extract more money. There is the whole thing about Iraq2 was just money for MIC. corporate representatives approach former eastern bloc countries and tell them if they vote for invasion of iraq in the UN, they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID (that can only be used for buying modern arms from US military-industrial complex).
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

original justification for IRAQ2 was Iraq supported Al-Queda and it would only cost $50B. Then changed to (non-existent) WMDs ... although they did find decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US in Iran/Iraq war) early in the invasion ... but that information was kept classified for decade.

Since then GAO reported that there was $60B in pallets of shrink wrapped $100 bills airlifted to Iraq that there is no real accounting for (some used to pay bribes and tribute to reduce violence during the surge). Also Iraq no-bid contracts involving tens (hundreds?) of billions. Two wars over $5T (with long-term benefits) and "forever wars" continuing

John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'
... snip ...

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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Why People Dislike Really Smart Leaders

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why People Dislike Really Smart Leaders
Date: 22 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Why People Dislike Really Smart Leaders
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-people-dislike-really-smart-leaders/
Those with an IQ above 120 are perceived as less effective, regardless of actual performance
... snip ...

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge Russian military capability, justifying large US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, Bush1 is VP, repeatedly claiming he knows nothing about
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was full-time administration point person deregulating the financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and Rumsfeld is working with Saddam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https:/www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century another son presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crises had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, this time, proportionally there should have been 70,000.

Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is again SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF and credited with the Iraq policy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Also cousin of white house chief of staff Card, was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared this with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https:/www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https:/www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

oh, and while Bush1 is president, his lawyers present "forgotten" information to the special prosecutor, that Bush1 had run Iran/Contra
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

loc2752-54:
Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:
Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which he would ultimately face criminal charges.
... snip ...

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
S&L posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 17:33:57 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
I'll go with what Col. Puller of the USMC said, 'You cannot beat the enemy without sending in well trained infantry.'

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#71 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#72 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

somebody had a bumper sticker in Annapolis, was Marine emblem and said "when it positively, absolutely has to be destroyed overnight" ... old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#1 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#69 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#15 The Real Meaning of SysRq

In one of the meetings at Marine Corp Univ. ... Gray (1990 commandant had leveraged Boyd for make over the corp ... one of the tribute cases in Quantico library lobby is for Boyd ... among some number of marines from over the ages). wandered in and talked folklore for a couple hrs (wasn't on agenda but nobody was going to say he couldn't). Some were about Puller including encounters with Puller when Gray was much younger. Another was when president directed that all services create "special force" units .... and the Marines came back and said that *all* Marines are "special forces" enabled.

I was sitting against wall in back of room and when he finished, he walked straight at me (and all I could think of was that I had been set up for all the Marines I had offended over the years).

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

for desert storm, there is a line something about first in are special forces (or marine recon, depending on who you are talking to), then combat engineers, then the tanks ... old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#19 Message To America's Students: The War, The Draft, Your Future

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DEC and HVAC

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: DEC and HVAC
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 18:17:27 -0800
Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:
Yes, that's what he's saying. He's also objecting, I suspect, to the tendency to say "PDP" when "PDP-11" is meant, as if that were never applied to any other architecture.

When I was attending DECUS trade shows hawking the new PDP-10 compatible from XKL, a very nice lady with whom I was friendly advised me that I should be talking to the oil folks in Oklahoma, where she made her home, because they had a PDP in every trailer. She had spent nearly 30 years in the business...


when we were doing HA/CMP product ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

it included doing some amount of availability and scaleup with Oracle, old post about Jan1992 scaleup meeting in ellison's conference room.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Oracle had earlier been having financial problems and agreed to be acquired by Nippon Steel. Then they got a 6,000 copy corporate contract with Shell (and backed out of the Nippon Steel deal) ... including at least one for every Shell location and well drilling rig. past posts back out of Nippon Steel deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#49 How did Oracle get started?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#88 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#27 The Scariest Company in Tech
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#7 HP splits, again

The next time we did whirlwind ha/cmp marketing tour ... it included Shell executive hdqtrs (netherlands). We ended that trip with Oracle World at Cannes. photo at Oracle World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwcannes.jpg

lhw at Cannes

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China's breathtaking transformation into a scientific superpower

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: China's breathtaking transformation into a scientific superpower
Date: 22 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
China's breathtaking transformation into a scientific superpower
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/chinas-breathtaking-transformation-into-a-scientific-superpower/2018/01/21/03f883e6-fd44-11e7-8f66-2df0b94bb98a_story.html
We should have expected nothing less. After all, science and technology constitute the knowledge base for economically advanced societies and military powers, and China aspires to become the world leader in both. Still, the actual numbers are breathtaking for the speed with which they've been realized.
... snip ...

Science & Engineering Indicators 2018
https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsb20181/

Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future
https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11463/rising-above-the-gathering-storm-energizing-and-employing-america-for
Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited: Rapidly Approaching Category 5
https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12999/rising-above-the-gathering-storm-revisited-rapidly-approaching-category-5
So where does America stand relative to its position of five years ago when the Gathering Storm book was prepared? The unanimous view of the authors is that our nation's outlook has worsened. The present volume, Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited, explores the tipping point America now faces. Addressing America's competitiveness challenge will require many years if not decades; however, the requisite federal funding of much of that effort is about to terminate.
... snip ...

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#38 Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#5 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#57 Computer Science Education: Where Are the Software Engineers of Tomorrow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#6 Science and Engineering Indicators 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#69 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#41 NSFnet -- 20 Years of Internet Obscurity and Insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#0 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#1 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#18 21st century India: welcome to the smartest city on the planet

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CKD details

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CKD details
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Jan 2018 08:49:47 -0800
cblaicher@SYNCSORT.COM (Christopher Y. Blaicher) writes:
Your right, things are a little confusing. SECTORS - Think of it as 224 pieces of pie. It is, I believe, physical. CELL - Also physical, but I think of them as little chunks of data, which may be your data or control data for the hardware. TRACK BALANCE - How much room is left on the track if you were to write a single block. Look up TRKBAL macro.

That extra calculation is for device control information, part of which I know is CRC, or at least that is what I was told. All that stuff other than the COUNT-KEY-DATA areas are for the hardware and we mortals can't see it, but it is there.


and all that is now archaic fiction since no real CKD have been made for decades, being simulated on industry standard fixed-block

this is the "real" format ... giving both 512byte FBA and the newer 4096byte FBA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Format

part of the change justification is 4096byte is more "efficient" ... 15byte "gap, sync, address mark" for each physical record and "512" has 50byte ECC and 4096 has 100byte ECC for each record (eight 512 has 400byte ECC total) ... 512byte efficiency 88.7% and 4096byte efficiency 97.3%

CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jan 2018 09:41:50 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
To be fair, while the html may take 5 min, there might have to be a lot of code behind it to get the data to display and process the input, if any.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#71 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#72 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#74 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

I sized the spec and estimated $30k tops ... that included tripling base estimate for contingency, all the programming, data, integration, and extensive regression testing. $10M was 1000 times the base estimate (w/o three times contingency). They had existing DBMS for large number of items and this was effectively just adding two more items.

I'd seen other things that was $10M ... it was like beltway bandit overhead was minimum nearly $10M regardless of scope of project.

we had done the consulting for backend dataprocessing for 2000 census effectively for free ... when they were audited, I had to stand up in front of the room and answer questions all day. april 1997 the 20yr old stuff was rolled out and the new stuff rolled in to start testing.

then we tried to do something similar for VA medical backend dataprocessing ... had meeting with the head staffer on the hill for the VA. They had just come off a failed dataprocessing modernization effort and was gearing up for a couple billion dollar effort (that would also fail). Turns out offering to do something essentially for free is one of the most threatening things to beltway bandits ... roll out lobbying big time ... there are some articles about congress is really cheap date and best ROI investment going (isn't calculated in percent since that just adds two extraneous digits to an already large number). One explanation is that congress isn't dealing with its own money.

trivia: somebody posted two days ago that walmart was advertising gamer i7 for $150000 ... aka somebody had dropped the decimal point for cents.

more trivia: ten years ago one of the major presidential campaign promise/claim was to reverse the enormous increase in gov outsourcing that had occurred since the turn of the century. Turns out that they didn't reverse it ... only managed to significantly slow down the incease. one explanation is appropriations for gov. agencies can't come back to congress (illegal to lobby) ... and corporations also can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby (recent case of corporation with hanford cleanup contract lobbying congress) ... but private equity owners of beltway bandits appear to be under no such restrictions (on behalf of companies they own) ... I've read claims that members of congress expect something like 5% of such appropriations.

success of failure article
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

past posts mentioning 2000 census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#16 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#21 Methods of payment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#43 Methods of payment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#63 was: 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#92 Billion-dollar IT failure at Census Bureau
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#21 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#56 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#11 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#98 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#37 OT this guy salary one dollar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#12 Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#71 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#89 The head of the Census Bureau just quit, and the consequences are huge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#0 Census processing, 1950

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CKD details

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CKD details
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Jan 2018 09:58:17 -0800
tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:
I assume it is the value used in the Set Sector/Read Sector CCWs. This came with the 3330 (real "analogue" disk) and is part of Rotational Position Sensing (RPS). It should have no logical relationship to the cell size; it's just a logical position (degrees, radians, IBM magic numbers because degrees and radians were NIH...?) on the track.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#77 CKD details

it use to be all surfaces were data ... with the 3330, one surface became dedicated to the sector position ... 20 r/w heads, 20 surfaces, 19 data r/w heads, 19 data surfaces ... the 20th surface has the rotational position information recorded.

Supposedly the loss in total data capacity was more than offset in better system throughput ... RPS "set sector" in channel program reducing channel busy involved in constant search (although it couldn't fix multi-track search for VTOCs and PDS directorys). All that goes away in FBA ... as can be seen in justification description going from 512 FBA to 4096 FBA:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Format

i've periodically mentioned pointing out that in the 70s, increase in disk throughput wasn't keeping up with increase in overall system performance. Some disk division executive in the early 80s took exception with my statement that relative system disk throughput had declined by an order of magnitude since the 60s (disk throughput increase 3-5 times, processor&memory throughput increase 40-50 times) and assigned the division performance group to refute my claim. After a couple weeks the group comes back and essentially say that I had slightly understated the problem ... not bothering to include RPS-miss in the calculations (attempting to channel reconnect at the sector number ... but channel busy with some other device ... and so have to loose full revolution). They then turn the analysis into SHARE presentation on how to organize disk farms for better throughput.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 23 Jan 2018 14:56:08 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#71 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#72 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#74 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#78 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

latest from today in the success of failure theme

IT Contracts Worth Billions Lack Proper Oversight, GAO Reports
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2018/01/it-contracts-worth-billions-lack-proper-oversight-gao-reports.html

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

a few older old dataprocessing modernization (failure) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#37 [OT?] FBI Virtual Case File is even possible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#38 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies (Actually, Working under the table!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#41 IBM--disposition of clock business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#45 IBM--disposition of clock business

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CKD details

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CKD details
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 08:36:03 -0800
smetz3@GMU.EDU (Seymour J Metz) writes:
The 3330 was not the first disk drive with Set Sector; that honor belongs to the 2305, formally part of the S/360 series rather than the S/370, although I imagine that a lot more were sold for use on, e.g., 370/165, than for 85 or 195.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#77 CKD details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#79 CKD details

2305 was also fixed-head disk (head per track, sort of replacement for 2301 & 2303 fixed-head drums) ... so there was no arm movement latency, just rotational delay.

most internal sites used 2305-2 as paging device, approx. 11mbyte capacity, 1.5mbyte transfer.

There was 2305-1, same number of heads, but only half the tracks, two heads positioned on track, offset 180degrees and transferred in parallel for 3mbytes/sec (special two byte channel), half the number of tracks, (little less than) half the capacity and half the rotational delay ... basically even/odd bytes that could start as soon as came under either offset/opposing heads.
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_2305.html
and
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_PH2305.html

2305 also had "multiple exposure" support ... eight device addresses ... uniform formating of tracks ... software strategies for the eight addresses could be used to let the controller maximize the transfer per rotation.

very late 70s, early 80s, IBM contracted with vendor for electronic disks (for paging use at internal datacenters) ... referenced as model 1655, could simulate 2305 or operate natively (more like FBA) ... no arm motion, no retational delay. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#email820805

as aside, 3380 3mbyte channel used "data streaming" ... channels had used protocol that did end-to-end (half-duplex) handshaking on every byte transferred, "data streaming" support would transfer multiple bytes per end-to-end handshake ... allowed for increasing data transfer rate as well as doubled maximum channel cabling distance.

trivia: ECKD was originally used for calypso ... speed-matching 3880 controller feature that allowed 3380 3mbyte/sec to used with 168 & 3033 1.5mbyte/sec channels (took enormous amount of work to get all the kinks worked out, i've frequently commented it would have been less effort to have just moved to FBA). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#email820907b
a little more in these posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#36 What was old is new again (water chilled)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Formal definition of Speed Matching Buffer

recent post trying to get 2nd "exposure" (device address) for the 3350 fixed-head feature (allowing data transfer overlapped with arm motion)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#44 Can anyone remember "drum" storage?

getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

other past posts discussing 2305 & 1655
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#17 database (or b-tree) page sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#53 mainframe question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#31 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#40 Do any architectures use instruction count instead of timer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#15 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#17 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#55 HASP assembly: What the heck is an MVT ABEND 422?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#39 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#73 DASD Architecture of the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#3 Expanded Storage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#5 He Who Thought He Knew Something About DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#51 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#38 Is VIO mandatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#1 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#46 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#57 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#36 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#30 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#59 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#26 Tom's Hdw review of SSDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#9 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#4 Remembering the CDC 6600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#15 Flash memory arrays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#11 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#22 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#55 Mainframe Executive article on the death of tape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#75 I'd forgotten what a 2305 looked like
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#9 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#43 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#0 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#64 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#24 What was a 3314?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#68 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#69 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#26 Multitasking, together with OS operations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#63 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#65 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#36 National Telephone Day

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DEC and HVAC

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: DEC and HVAC
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 12:26:03 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
And it was a great tragedy that the United States failed to support the secessions of Katanga, Biafra, and Somaililand, which in each case permitted Africans to exist in greater freedom than they would have under the country seceded from.

Except for Botswana, hardly *any* of Africa is similar to the industrialized Western world in having a stable government with honest police, free elections, a free press, and equality for all the ethnic and religious groups that reside therein.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#75 DEC and HVAC

Beating the Resource Curse The Case of Botswana
https://isrj.wordpress.com/2010/07/10/reverse-the-curse-botswana-as-a-beacon-of-hope-and-an-economic-model/

from recent thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#103 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#105 [CM] What was your first home computer?

and as mentioned in the thread, Europe and US has had major efforts to corrupt leaders as part of looting resources ... US dating back (at least) to banana republic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_republic

and

War Is A Racket
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Resource curse
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_curse
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B017MZ8EBM/ref=dp-kindle-redirect?_encoding=UTF8&btkr=

"Hit Man" starts in Cambridge ... as does "Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin", recent afc thread/post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

this says in 1655, bengal was one of the richest places on earth and by 1755 it was one of the poorest. also churchill in 1943 was using shipping capacity to stockpile/hoard for after the war ... resulting in 3m-6m indian starvation deaths. points out that award for chirchills ww2/history description was for (fiction) literature
https:/www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003VTZXC2/

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (which requires moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:
From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persian contracts ... and then (CIA Confirms Role in) 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trains
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

people's heights

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: people's heights
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 21:59:50 -0800
mausg writes:
Completely off topic, but found this when browsing today.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plains_Indians

The interesting bit is near the bottom, about those Plains indians average heights, when existing on a diet of Buffalo.


from wikipedia:
In 1874, President Ulysses S. Grant "pocket vetoed" a Federal bill to protect the dwindling bison herds, and in 1875 General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to slaughter the herds, to deprive the Plains Indians of their source of food.[27]
... snip ...

Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
https:/www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/

loc6085-88:
Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.
... snip ...

The Comanche Empire (The Lamar Series in Western History)
https://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/

loc4141-42:
Comancheria was a land of great riches and enormous bison herds, which provided the Comanches a seemingly bottomless reservoir of hides, protein, and fat, but that abundance rested on a shaky ecological foundation: Comancheria was a hunter's paradise but only for a limited number of people.

loc4145-46:
The critical gap, the difference between mortality and the bison's ability to reproduce, was therefore rather narrow. Modern bison reproduce at an average annual rate of 18 to 20 percent, while the nineteenth-century bison's annual losses to nonhuman causes-natural mortality, accidents, and predation-can be estimated at 15 percent.

loc4163-64:
The combined toll of Comanches' and their allies' subsistence and market hunting probably neared, and in some years exceeded, the sustainable yearly rate of killing of 280,000, placing Comancheria's bison herds on a precarious balance.

loc4176:
Struggling under multiple pressures, Comancheria's bison population lost the ability to maintain its numbers.

log4267-69:
Their access to guns, shot, and powder was severely compromised, but even more troubling, they had lost their only reliable source of maize and other garden produce. It was a disaster for a people already suffering from serious deficiencies of protein and fat, and by the late 1850s the Comanches were vulnerable to several types of malnutrition, including kwashiorkor (protein deficiency, especially in infants), marasmus (combined protein and calorie deficiency), and ketoacidosis (severe carbohydrate deficiency, especially in pregnant women).
... snip ...

past "Comanche Empire" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#48 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#92 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#55 Comanche Empire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#79 60 Minutes interview with Grace Hopper
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#38 Imperial Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#103 Iraq, Longest War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Warning

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Warning
Date: 26 Jan 2018
Blog: LinkedIn
The Warning
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/warning-lynn-wheeler/
and
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/

following gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine, note linkedin swizzles URLs sent and frequently wayback machine can't decode it, and requires copy/paste; Subprime = Triple-A ratings? or 'How to Lie with Statistics'
https://web.archive.org/web/20071111031315/http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2007/07/25/subprime-triple-a-ratings-or-how-to-lie-with-statistics/
Kamakura Releases Study: How Conventional CDO Analytics Missed the Mark
http://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2007/Dec/20/kamakura-releases-study-how-conventional-cdo-analytics-missed-the-mark/

There were some number of articles claiming that computer algorithms were at fault. However that has been obfuscation and misdirection, risk managers were calling for stronger business independence because the business executives were forcing them to fiddle the inputs until they got the desired output (GIGO).

rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial reporting, even showing uptic after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

less well known is that SOX contained provision for SEC to also do something about the rating agencies, but they did about as much about that as fraudulent financial reporting.

congressional Madoff hearings had testimony from the person that tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. One of his observations was that tips/whistleblowers turn up 13 times more fraud than auditors ... and SEC had no tip hotline, but had 1-800 number for companies to complain about audits.

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crises to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild was office bldgs in Dallas that turned out to be empty lots). An effort was made to improve integrity of securitized mortgages documents as a countermeasure. However, they then found out that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (rating agencies gave triple-A ratings when they knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into the role that the rating agencies played in economic mess). Triple-A ratings trumps supporting documents and they start doing no-documentation, liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A, sell off as fast as they can be made (no longer having to care about borrower's qualification or loan quality), including to entities restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds), significantly contributing to being able to do over $27T, 2001-2008.

Then they find they can design CDOs to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers, and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. Then the SECTREAS steps in and said they have to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by SECTREAS. Now they care about borrower's qualifications ... but not in the traditional way.

article referencing over $27T 2001-2008, "Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With `Fools' Born to Buy Debt", since gone behind paywall
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-10-27/evil-wall-street-exports-boomed-with-fools-born-to-buy-debt
although reference here
http://www-f5.anderson.ucla.edu/documents/areas/adm/loeb/09g10.pdf

no. 2 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess,
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
was behind GLBA that repealed Glass-Steagall, enabling too big to fail (too big to prosecute and too big to jail) ... but on the list for preventing regulating CDS gambling bits ("The Warning")

Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
... snip ...

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor .. gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees
... snip ...

"Wendy" replaced Born (when Born suggested regulating CDS gambling bets)
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/warning/

Before becoming chair of CFTC, Wendy was at Koch brothers Foundation
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#Connections_to_NFIB_and_Environmental_Deregulation
and
https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Mercatus_Center#The_Enron_Loophole
more here at "Dark Money"
https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Money-History-Billionaires-RadicalRight-ebook/dp/B0180SU4OA/

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(Triple-A rated) toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Sarbanes-Oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
Financial reporting fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
Madoff postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
whistleblower posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

people's heights

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: people's heights
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 25 Jan 2018 15:25:04 -0800
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
You, plural, might also find 'Empire of the August Moon' to be interesting.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#83 people's heights

recently finished -- grew up & went to school with descendants
https://www.amazon.com/Thunder-Mountains-Joseph-Oliver-Howard-ebook/dp/B01LXG0THE/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Jan 2018 08:58:47 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
<grin> We would feed you occasionally; having a field test site at the NSA was an <ahem> interesting exercise in parapsychology.

If we had had that resources capacity back then, there wouldn't be a Unix and the operating systems which did exist would be very, very different. Unliimited resources create clumsiness and bloat.

But I would have loved to have had the CDs for distribution media. We could have made another couple of billion dollars just with the savings of not having to deal with magtapes and disks.


from long ago and far away, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

IBM picked up and shipped a lot of stuff I did as undergraduate ... even making suggestions about enhancements I might do ... in retrospect some of suggestions may have originated from that crowd ... but I didn't learn about them until much latter.

other wayback refs:

before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
at the IBM science center, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

TYMSHARE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
started offering its vm370/cms-based online computer conferencing "free" to (IBM user group) SHARE in AUG1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

in contrast to "no such agency" ... they were very active (identifiable) members ... SHARE convention was identifying members with three letter installation codes ... the corporate acronym if possible ... however in this case, it was CAD ... folklore that it stood for "cloak and dagger". old email from 1983 referencing gov TLA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

more email from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#1983

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Jan 2018 10:34:53 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
including Hermann Balck, "The Greatest German General No One Ever Heard Of"
http://www.historynet.com/the-greatest-german-general-no-one-ever-heard-of.htm

In December 1942 Hermann Balck wiped out a force ten times his size in the most brilliantly fought divisional battle in modern military history

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#39 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

some more Balck & Boyd

Leadership: The Proud Prussian Tradition of 'Disobedience'
http://feraljundi.com/2015/02/26/leadership-the-proud-prussian-tradition-of-disobedience/
Building Snowmobiles: General Hermann Balck, The German That Inspired Boyd
http://feraljundi.com/2012/10/15/building-snowmobiles-general-hermann-balck-the-german-that-inspired-boyd/
The other day, Chet Richards posted his opening presentation to the Boyd And Beyond 2012 conference, and it was fascinating. It was pure building snowmobiles, and it was filled with the various bits and pieces of what and who inspired Boyd in regards to creating novelty or innovations during the fight. (unfortunately, I did not attend this conference)
... snip ....

abvoe reference to periodic conference at quantico ... at some of the conferences I would give especially deserving attendees ... one of my old saved 1983 copies of Patterns of Conflict ... and a little more drift auftragstaktik contrasted with befehistaktik ... focused on executing a set of orders. The Four Generations of Modern War,
https://www.amazon.com/Four-Generations-Modern-War-ebook/dp/B00PO4KD4U/

loc175-81:
Remember, Waterloo is a great Prussian victory, not a great British victory. If the Prussians hadn't shown up, the British would have lost. So von Muffling is with the British dragoons and he sees an opportunity where if they'll only charge, they may be able to decide the outcome of the battle. And nothing happens.

So he rides over to the dragoon commander and says, "why aren't you attacking?" And the Brit replies, "I can't, I don't have orders." And von Muffling is appalled. At the ball that night, he tells the story to Wellington. And Wellington says, "Quite right. If he'd acted without orders, I would have had him court-martialed."

... snip ...

Boyd posts &/or URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM HONE system

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM HONE system
Date: 26 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
One of my hobbies was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was longtime customer (from just about the inception of HONE after the 23June1969 unbundling announcement). Some of my earliest overseas trips was when HONE started being cloned around the world and asked me to go over ... one of the 1st was when EMEA hdqtrs moved from NY to Paris. Some misc. HONE related email posted over the years:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hone

HONE started out as virtual machine CP67/CMS (from the science center) and then transitioned to VM370/CMS ... before I had migrated all my enhancements to VM370 ... old email about migrating to VM370 and distributing "CSC/VM" about the time the US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

then becomes "SJR/VM" when I transfer to San Jose Research. Note that in the transition from CP67 to VM370 lots of things were dropped and/or simplified ... including no multiprocessor support. One of the things I did for Palo Alto HONE was adding multiprocessor support to VM370 release 3 (before it finally ships to customers in VM370 Release 4).

Late 70s, HONE was eight large POK multiprocessor machines all sharing the same disk farm ... with fall-over and load-balancing across the complex, I believe it was the largest "single system image" cluster complex in the world (possibly another 30yrs before IBM shipped such cluster support to customers).

past HONE related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
past SMP related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1947--the future of walkie-talkies

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1947--the future of walkie-talkies
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 26 Jan 2018 12:49:20 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
There's one in Seattle.

Living Computers: Museum + Labs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Living_Computers:_Museum_%2B_Labs
LCM+L (originally known as Living Computer Museum, and before that, PDPplanet.com) was founded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, on January 9, 2006. Through PDPplanet users were able to telnet into vintage devices and experience timesharing computing on equipment from Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and XKL.[2]

Users around the world can now request a login through the LCM+L website and telnet into systems from XKL, DEC, IBM, Xerox Sigma, AT&T, and CDC.[3]

... snip ...

list of computers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Living_Computers:_Museum_%2B_Labs#Computers

more:
http://www.livingcomputers.org/
visit
http://www.livingcomputers.org/Join/About.aspx

2245 First Ave S, Seattle WA 98134

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1956 -- circuit reliability book

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1956 -- circuit reliability book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2018 20:00:05 -0800
hancock4 writes:
I don't know about the composer, but I believe in its final years IBM Typewriter did come out with daisy wheel units. I think they even had a short-lived model for home use.

Around 1983 IBM had the 6670 office printer, which produced excellent quality. We used it as a remote mainframe printer.


6670 was copyier 3 ... with computer interface.

ibm products
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_IBM_products
copier/duplicators, copier 3, 1976
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_IBM_products#Copier/Duplicators

eariler, highend ... this says development started in 1969 ... and shipped (also) in 1976 ... year before xerox 9700 (shipped in 1977)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_3800
more
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV3103.html

SJR did 6670 enhancements for serpa/APA (all points addressable) ... besides character fonts. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#email820304
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#email821112

old email about 6670 drivers/support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#email790905
also in the post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#2 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore.
has some 6670 related posts from VMSHARE
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

the referenced laser printer computerhistory URL (in the post) has gone 404. its possible they just moved it to someplace else with different url ... but it is also at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20040604082418/http://www.computerhistory.org/events/lectures/starkweather_03251997/starkweather_xscript.shtml

other (apple) laser printer details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#email850129

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Honeywell 200

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Honeywell 200
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2018 20:14:22 -0800
Bob Eager <news0006@eager.cx> writes:
FSVO full - 24 bits? (until XA)

modulo 360/67 and (virtual) 32bit mode
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

... over decade later XA with 3081 was only 31bit. a little 3081 XA
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

3033 did have gimmick with 26bit mode ... instruction addressing was only 24bit addressing ... but could have 64mbytes real storage. page tables entries were half-words, 16bits, 12bit virtual 4kbyte page number ... (12bit number + 12bit displacement, 24bits), reference bit, change bit, and two undefined bits. 3033 took two undefined bits and prefixed them to 12bit page number for 14bit (real) page number. Large number of 24bit virtual address spaces ... mapped to 26bit real address.

past post mentioning 3033 26bit real address hack:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#69 Z/90, S/390, 370/ESA (slightly off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#13 GETMAIN R/RU (was: An IEABRC Adventure)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#40 using >=4GB of memory on a 32-bit processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#26 Antiquity of Byte-Word addressing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#0 comp.arch classic: the 10-bit byte
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#17 Holee shit! 30 years ago!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#6 If the x86 ISA could be redone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#50 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#57 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#34 increasing addressable memory via paged memory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#1 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#19 address space
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#0 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#10 IBM 8000 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#56 360/30 memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#12 Fantasy-Land_Hierarchal_NUMA_Memory-Model_on_Vertical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#84 locate mode, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#6 Z/OS 31bit or 64bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#50 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#87 'smttter IBMdroids
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#80 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#57 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#48 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#83 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#83 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#16 R.I.P. PDP-10?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#46 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#35 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2018 20:47:03 -0800
Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:
MVS applications often get system information by using an address at a fixed low storage location (CVT at 16).

os/360 had convention of CVT at 16 ... moved first to 370 VS2/SVS ... single virtual storage ... effectively MVT layed out in a single 16mbyte virtual address space ... not all that different from running MVT in CP67 16mbyte memory virtual machine ... except a little bit of code for building the segment/page table and handling page fault. Old post about justifying all 370 to virtual memory ... because MVT application storage management was so bad ... program regions had to be four times larger than storage actually used ... typical 370/165 1mbyte MVT only could have four regions. Move to SVS would allow increasing number of concurrent regions with little or no paging.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

The biggest VS2/SVS effort was to do channel program translation ... which they started out by borrowing the CCWTRAN routine from CP67. MVT application standard was usually application library would build channel programs with real addresses and execute EXCP SVC 0 to perform the SIO for the channel program. Moving to SVS ... the application channel programs were all virtual ... so EXCP had to build copy channel program with real addresses ... effectively the same as what CP67 had to do for virtual machines.

Move from VS2/SVS to VS2/MVS (each application having its own 16mbyte virtual addres space) was problem. OS/360 application API convention is heavily pointer passing. That means calls need to have access to API parameters accessed by the API pointer. To start with that had an 8mbyte image of the MVS kernel in (half) of every application 16mbyte virtual address space (leaving only 8mbytes for the application). Then all the "subsystems" were also put into their separate address space (just like applications) ... however application API call to subsystem no longer could access the parameter information. So to fix that, they defined a API "common segment" that appears in every address space (leaving only 7mbytes for applications). Applications would allocated storage in the common segment area (CSA) for parameters being based to subsystem in different address space. The need for common segment space is somewhat proportional to size of system, number of concurrent applications and number of subsystems ... and quickly exceeded 1mbyte ... and is renamed common system area (still CSA). By 3033 timeframe it was threatening to exceed 6mbytes ... becoming 8mbytes ... leaving zero mbytes for application programs (in each 16mbyte application vritual address space).

Somewhat as kludge, somebody (who later left for HP and was involved in snake & itanium) retrofitted some of XA "access registers" to 3033 as dual address space mode ... semi-privileged subsystems could directly access application address space (for parameters) ... w/o needing CSA.

XA allowed for 31bit virtual address space ... but theoritically could have addressing for eight different virtual address spaces. To go along with "access registers" they created "program call" (and return) instructions ... which access kernel table that had rules for changing (semi-privileged subsystem) virtual address spaces (avoiding have to pass through kernel doing address space changes).

Besides use by semi-privileged subsystems for accessing application parameter values ... they created "dataspaces" ... application in one virtual address space ... and purely data in other address spaces. misc.

past posts mentioning "access registers":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#36 What is MVS/ESA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#28 RS/6000 vs. System/390 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#28 Very CISC Instuctions (Was: why the machine word size ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#30 Very CISC Instuctions (Was: why the machine word size ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#73 Most complex instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#16 Minimalist design (was Re: Parity - why even or odd)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#51 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#5 Black magic in POWER5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#17 Black magic in POWER5
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#57 Handling variable page sizes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#74 Everything you wanted to know about z900 from IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#43 cost of crossing kernel/user boundary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#53 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#12 Resolved: There Are No Programs With >32 Bits of Text
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#6 If the x86 ISA could be redone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#41 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#53 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#26 PCIe as a chip-to-chip interconnect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#3 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#53 The mid-seventies SHARE survey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#63 intel's Vanderpool and virtualization in general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#7 new Enterprise Architecture online user group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#41 Moving assembler programs above the line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#57 Moving assembler programs above the line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#18 address space
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#41 Instruction Set Enhancement Idea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#48 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#25 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#28 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#33 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#10 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#32 MIPS architecture question - Supervisor mode & who is using it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#23 threads versus task
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#39 Multiple mappings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#39 Wylbur and Paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#27 user level TCP implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#71 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#68 Direction of Stack Growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#56 CSA 'above the bar'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#16 segmentation or lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#75 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#35 New Opcodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#69 Regarding the virtual machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#14 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#33 IBM Preview of z/OS V1.10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#60 Different Implementations of VLIW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#53 Old XDS Sigma stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#73 Addressing Scheme with 64 vs 63 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#40 Opsystems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#83 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#2 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#3 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#17 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#20 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#11 History of byte addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#45 segments and sharing, was 68000 assembly language programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#66 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#80 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#21 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#71 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#40 The mainframe turns 50, or, why the IBM System/360 launch was the dawn of enterprise IT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#22 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#82 Do we really need 64-bit DP or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#116 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#35 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#3 S/360 stacks, was self-modifying code, Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#61 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#40 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jan 2018 10:39:06 -0800
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
I read somewhere that someone put handshake code in OS/MFT so that if it were running under VM\/370, when it page faulted CP would send a virtual interrupts to MFT so it could switch tasks rather than waiting. This got the effect of VS1 but with a competent virtual memory system, and the option to run other stuff under VM.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#91 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

from Melinda's VM History:
Dewayne Hendricks(109) reported at SHARE XLII, in March, 1974, that he had successfully implemented MVT-CP handshaking for page faulting, so that when MVT running under VM took a page fault, CP would allow MVT to dispatch another task while CP brought in the page. At the following SHARE, Dewayne did a presentation on further modifications, including support for SIOF and a memory-mapped job queue. With these changes, his system would allow multi-tasking guests actually to multi-task when running in a virtual machine. Significantly, his modifications were available on the Waterloo Tape.

Dewayne became the chairman of the Operating Systems Committee of the SHARE VM Project. Under his guidance, the Committee prepared several detailed requirements for improvements to allow guest systems to perform better. At SHARE XLV, in 1975, the Committee presented IBM with a White Paper entitled Operating Systems Under VM/370,(110) which discussed the performance problems of guests under VM and the solutions that customers had found for these problems. Many of the solutions that Dewayne and others had found, such as PAGEX, made their way into VM fairly quickly, apparently as the result of customers' persistence in documenting them. By SHARE 49, Dewayne was able to state that, "It is now generally understood that either MFT or MVT can run under VM/370 with relative batch throughput greater than 1."(111) That is to say, they had both been made to run significantly faster under VM than on the bare hardware. Dewayne and others did similar work to improve the performance of DOS under VM. Other customers, notably Woody Garnett and John Alvord, soon achieved excellent results with VS1 under VM.

... snip ...

Endicott added VM/370 PAGEX & VS/1 Handshanking along with ECPS ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS microcode assist

Endicott even tried to get corporate to agree to having VM/370 preinstalled on every 138/148 shipped (sort of like LPAR does today) ... but this was in period when POK was convincing corporate to kill VM/370 product and transfer all people to POK to support MVS/XA development (or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time 7-8 yrs later). Eventually Endicott managed to rescue the VM/370 product mission ... but had to recreate a VM/370 development group from scratch.

Note VS1 under VM/370 could run faster than on stand alone machine. Part of VS1 running faster under VM/370 was VS1 still used 370 2kbyte pages (option used to better squeeze into small real storage machines) ... as hardware scaleup there was much larger real storage and the trade-off of 2k versus 4k pages was overhead of 2k paging was greater than any benefit for squeezing into small real storage. The other was my page replacement algorithm in VM/370 was much more efficient than the page replacement algorithm in VS/1. page replacement posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

Part of MVT running faster under (originally CP/67 and then) VM/370 was the same justification for all 370s moving to virtual memory ... i.e. MVT very poor application storage management ... requiring regions to be four times larger than actually used (extreme storage fragmentation and needing lots of contiguous addressing) ... virtual memory allowed to have much larger address space (than real storage), being able to have four times the regions (concurrent applications and larger multiprogramming level allowing more activity overlapped waiting for I/O) ... also referenced in upthread, previous post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

for other drift ... at SJR ... after they upgraded the 370/195 to 370/168 for MVS and 370/158 VM/370 ... all (physically) sharing common DASD pool ... but there was rule that certain 3830/3330 controller/strings were dedicated to MVS and others dedicated to VM370 ... and MVS 3330s were not allowed to be mounted on VM370 strings. One day MVS operations violated the rule and almost immediately datacenter was getting irate VM370/CMS user calls about enormously degraded CMS interactive response. The issue was MVS extensive use of multitrack search to the (mis-)mounted 3330 was interferring with VM370 I/O. MVS operations said they wouldn't move the mis-mounted 3330 until 2nd shift.

Woody's VS1 3330 was mounted on MVS string, running under (heavily loaded) VM370 (158) and some applications started ... even under heavily loaded VM370 158 ... the VS1 multi-track searches were able to bring MVS 168 to its knees ... significantly slowing down the MVS activity intererring with VM370 throughput and alleviating the degraded CMS interactive response. MVS operations then immediately agreed to move the offending MVS 3330 off VM370 string. recent ref/post (in ibm-main mailing list)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]

CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jan 2018 11:19:30 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
But it's not about gain for you. Fortunately, I'm starting to see stirrings of awareness among people that it's all a con. I have this dream of people someday refusing to put up with it. On the other hand, it's so _shiny_...

1996, dialup online banking operations were giving presentations at financial conferences of why they were moving to the internet ... basically they were offloading the enormous customer support costs associated with (serial-port) dial-up modems (claim was a typical dialup banking oeprations had to support over 60 different modem drivers for different modems, different kinds of PC software, and different versions of PC software). In theory ISPs were spreading the cost of online customer support across all online use ... rather than just proprietary online banking drivers/use.

at the same time, the commercial/business/cash management dialup online banking were saying they would *NEVER* move to the internet because of a long list of vulnerabilities (even assuming *SSL*), some of which that continue to this day (of course since then they have also moved to the internet, despite the vulnerabilities).

past posts mentioning dial-up online banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup.banking

at the turn of the century there was a big push to use smartcards and hardware tokens as countermeasures to things like (online) ID Theft, replay attacks, man-in-the-middle attacks etc. One large payment card operation started shipping card with chip and giving away free card readers to consumers. There was huge spike in customer support problems ... and then rapidly spreading rumor in the financial industry that chip-cards weren't practical/feasible in the consumer market. Turns out the enormous spike in consumer problems wasn't with the chip-cards but they had gotten fire-sale for obsolete serial-port card-readers they were giving away (serial-port was being replace with USB ... which was significantly motivated with all the problems with serial-port devices). My wife sponsored a meeting with several financial industry participants and microsoft (kernel security group and the people would could round up from the former PC/SC group ... which had been disbanded because financial industry banking away from consumer chip-cards). Got everybody to agree that the problem was not with chip-cards but with tie (ill-advised) serial-port card reader give-away ... however it was concluded that it was too late to turn around the financial industry perception that chip-cards weren't feasable in the consumer market (and that financial industry institution knowledge about serial-port huge consumer support problems had some how managed to evaporate between 1996 and 2000).

similar, but different trivia: about the same time there was a very large pilot of point-of-sale chipcards in the US ... but unfortunately it was during the industry "YES CARD" period ... it was as trivial to counterfeit an industry chipcard as it was to counterfeit a magstripe card ... trip report on CARTES2002 presentation on the subject (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

at 2003 ATM task force meeting, a federal law enforcement officer gave presentation on "YES CARD" characteristics ... during the middle of the presentation, somebody in the audience loudly commented that they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove that chip-cards had more fraud than magstripe (i.e. they were as easy to counterfeit ... but also the "YES CARD" chip-card could convince the point-of-sale terminal to not check if the account number was still valid ... standard countermeasure with magstripe cards).

In the wake of the pilot during "YES CARD" period, all evidence of the pilot disappeared and it was assumed that it would take years before it was tried again in the US (allowing such bugs to be worked out in other jurisdictions).

After being involved with doing electronic commerce, I was pulled into working on financial standards (x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments ... offline, online, point-of-sale, unattended, etc). 2nd half of the 90s the payment associations were doing different transaction specification for point-of-sale, online ecommerce, and online banking along with different chip-cards with numerous vulnerabilities. At the same time we did transaction standard and single chip-card with none of their multitude of vulnerabilities. transaction standard reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
chip-card reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

we had booth & press release at 1999 BAI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI this week

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jan 2018 11:32:48 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
we had booth & press release at 1999 BAI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#217 AADS/X9.59 demo & standards at BAI (world-wide retail banking) show
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224 X9.59/AADS announcement at BAI this week


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#94 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

real trivia, there were multiple companies part of the booth demos and press release ... one of the companies was security (started out Kerberos) company doing some applications. The CEO of that company had previous been head of POK mainframe operations and then head of Boca PS2 ... frequently also tagged in the negotiations involving OS2 versus Windows.

posts mentioning AADS Kerberos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jan 2018 11:51:18 -0800
John Levine <johnl@taugh.com> writes:
The standard calling sequence put the address of the routine in r15 so in most cases it was as easy to use that.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#91 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#93 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

I did Q&D HTML of the internal gcard ios3270 ... this shows call/save/return os/360 convention.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#50

addressing convention can be to use either the entry R15 register value ... or do BALR Rx,0. BALR routine calling branches to the address in the 2nd register while saving the "return" address in the 1st register. If the 2nd register is zero ... it doesn't actually do a branch ... just saves the current address in the 1st register.

One of the things is that lots of application library routines that were called using the BALR conventions ... could be moved into a different address space and use "access register" and (hardware) program call/return instructions to do all the address space swizzling.

address types
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/3.2.1?SHELF=&DT=20040504121320&CASE=
3.2.1.1 Absolute Address 3.2.1.2 Real Address 3.2.1.3 Virtual Address 3.2.1.4 Primary Virtual Address 3.2.1.5 Secondary Virtual Address 3.2.1.6 AR-Specified Virtual Address 3.2.1.7 Home Virtual Address 3.2.1.8 Logical Address 3.2.1.9 Instruction Address 3.2.1.10 Effective Address

program call (sort of supervisor call, but also swizzles the address space pointers in hardware
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.34?DT=20040504121320
and program return
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.35?DT=20040504121320

program call/return sort of push/pop call stack.

they then did TRANSFER ... w/o pushing to the call stack
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.36?DT=20040504121320
and
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/10.37?DT=20040504121320

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 28 Jan 2018 19:12:19 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
VS1 and DOS, but not VS2/MVS.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#91 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#93 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#96 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200

POK (favorite son operating system VS2) was the organization that had convinced corporate to kill vm370 and move the vm370 development group to POK to support MVS/XA development (justification was otherwise they wouldn't be able to meet MVS/XA delivery schedule much later in the 80s).

Endicott eventually managed to acquire the VM370 development mission, but had to recreate a development group fram scratch.

POK eventually managed to provide XA/370 SIE instruction which would handle a lot more privileged instructions directly in hardware ... reducing the VM370 virtual machine software simulation overhead. Then POK was somewhat forced to eventually come out with PR/SM virtual machine subset directly in the hardware for the 3090 (to compete with Amdahl's hypervisor)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PR/SM
... and then eventually LPAR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logical_partition
Amdahl Corporation's Multiple Domain Facility (MDF) was introduced in 1982.[4] IBM began marketing its functionally similar PR/SM in 1988, implemented on its ESA/390 architecture released that year. MDF-based LPAR technology continued to be developed separately by Amdahl, and Hitachi Data Systems in part for their implementations of the new architecture, which featured the introduction of access registers that allowed use of multiple data spaces addressable by a single address space. IBM subsequently continued its LPAR development with its 64-bit System z and System i architectures. LPAR and PR/SM reconfigurations can be made without rebooting the computer, i.e., while some LPARs remain active. Reconfigurations can include changing channel path definitions and device definitions.
... snip ...

z Systems Processor Resource/Systems Manager Planning Guide
http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=isg22dec9fb95bdff17385257dc4007a164f

seems little or no new web-based versions ... everything seems to becoming PDF download.

some old email mentioning XA, SIE &/or 3090... original SIE on (POK) 3081/XA ... was assumed to only be testing ... so SIE microcode had to be constantly swapped in for execution (adversely affecting throughput). (POK) 3090 finally started to assume that virtual machine operation might actually be part of production environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email810210
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email820916
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email820917
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Mainframe Use/History

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Mainframe Use/History
Date: 28 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
For some time hardware mainframe system sales has been falling to only a couple percent of IBM revenue. However total mainframe group (including software & services) has been something like 25% total total IBM revenue ... and 40% of profit. some older posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#25 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#24 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#64 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win

former co-worker at science center responsible for internal network, larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s ... about the time the communication group was fabricating excuses why the internal network had to be converted to SNA. Also in the 70s, talked to the internet people about characteristics for internetworking protocol.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
above references
https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55912264.html
the internal network technology was also used for the corporate sponsored university bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

but BITNET migrated to TCP/IP (not SNA).

In early 80s, had effort called HSDT, was working with director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers, then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding and the NSF director writes the company a letter (with support from other agencies) trying to help, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet. Partial ref:
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
including this ... somebody collected internal email fabricating how SNA/VTAM could be used for the networking ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#2006w.html#email870109
and email about communication group forcing internal network move to SNA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

The communication group fought hard against releasing mainframe TCP/IP support ... and when they lost, they then said they had to be responsible for its release. The final product release got about 44kbyte/sec aggregate transfer using 3090 CPU. I then did RFC1044 enhancements and in some tuning tests at Cray Research got channel speed sustained transfer between 4341 and Cray ... using only modest amount of 4341 (something like 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed).

Later, communication group hired a contractor to implement TCP/IP support in VTAM. Initial demo had TCP/IP throughput much higher than LU6.2. He was then told that everybody *knows* that a *correct* TCP/IP implementation is much slower than LU6.2 and they would only be paying for a *correct* implementation.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
RFC 1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer group a talk scheduled at internal, world-wide, annual, communication group conference ... supposedly on 3174 performance ... however he opened his talk with the statement that the head of the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server, trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with fall in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solution to address the opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. The datacenter stranglehold wasn't just affecting disk sales and a few years later the company goes into the red.

communication group & dumb terminal posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

My wife was in the GBURG JES and was one of the catchers for ASP to turn into JES3 also was one of the co-authors of JESUS ... JES Unified System ... all the stuff in respective JES systems that their customers couldn't live w/o. She was then con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture (i.e. clusters). However she didn't last long, in part because of 1) little uptake, large mainframe myopic focus on every increasingly large systems (except for IMS hot-standby) and 2) constant battles with communication group trying to force her into using SNA for loosely-coupled operation. We then were doing HA/CMP product for RS/6000 clusters including scaleup for both technical/scientific (working with national labs) and commercial (working with RDBMS vendors) ... reference to JAN1992 meeting in Ellison conference room on commercial cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
by the end of the month, cluster scaleup was transferred (and then announced as supercomputer for technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. We leave IBM a few months later. some old email on cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
Mainframe peer-coupled shared data architecture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

1980 STL (now called Silicon Valley lab) is already bursting at the seams and planning on moving 300 people from the IMS group to an offsite bldg. with dataprocessing back to STL datacenter. They had tested "remote" 3270 and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I'm con'ed into doing channel-extender support so that channel attach 3270 controllers can be placed into the offsite bldg ... with channel attached 3270 performance back into the STL datacenter (studies show no difference in response between channel attached in STL and channel attached at offsite bldg). The vendor tries to talk IBM into releasing my support but there is a group in mainframe POK that gets it vetoed. They are working with some serial stuff and they are afraid that if it is in the market, they will have hard time getting their stuff released.

In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are working with, which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff that I had done in 1980). Then in 1990, the POK group finally gets their stuff released with ES/9000 as ESCON when it is already obsolete.

Then some POK engineers start working with fibre channel standard and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput which is eventually released as FICON. The most recent published peak I/O mainframe benchmark is for z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre channel). About the same time there is a fibre channel announced for E5-2600v1 blade getting over million IOPS (two such fibre channel getting higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 fibre channel).

channel-extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Prime

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Prime
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2018 12:02:14 -0800
AndyW <Andy@nojunqmail.com> writes:
I tried it. It is just as awful as the first time I used it. Thankfully PCs were coming in at the time and we switched to them after a couple of years with the prime.... sorry Pr1me, must remember the '1' I do recall that their security was appalling and it was an easy matter to go 'Up' and 'LD' to find the lecturers' directories and then 'Down' to a directory to get the lesson plans and assignments.

with failure of FS and the mad rush to get products back into product pipelines ... 3033, 3081 (and 370/xa) was kicked off in parallel.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

370/xa design/architecture documents were eventually known as "811" for their nov1978 publication date.

POK also managed to convince corporate to kill vm/370 product and transfer the (burlington mall, had originally been on 3rd flr 545tech sq, taking over the IBM Boston Program Center space, before moving out to vacant IBM SBC bldg at burlington mall) development group to POK to work on MVS/XA (claiming that otherwise they wouldn't be able to make MVS/XA ship date). They weren't going to inform the group until just before the move ... to minimize people that might escape. There was a leak and numerous people manage to escape in the rt128 vacinity. A lot went to DEC ... this was late 76, early 77 ... so they would have been there for early 11/780 work ... introduced oct1977
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VAX-11

however, some went to Prime.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PRIMOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PRIMOS#Internals
The unusual choice of FORTRAN for the OS programming language had to do with the people who founded Prime. They had worked for Honeywell on a NASA project.[9] FORTRAN was the language they had used both at NASA and, for many of them, at MIT.

Since Prime's hardware did not perform byte addressing, there was no impetus to create a C compiler. Late models of the hardware were eventually modified to support I-mode, and programs compiled in C.

Later, around version 18, a version of PL/1, called PL/P, became the high level language of choice within PRIMOS, and the PL/P and Modula-2 languages were used in the Kernel. Furthermore, some new PRIMOS utilities were written in SP/L, which was similar to PL/P.

... snip ...

trivia: tech sq. was two story polaroid bldg facing the street. 545 tech sq with science center, project mac (multics) etc. was on one side
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545
and
http://www.multicians.org/multics.html

identical bldg. on the opposite side (from 545) included MIT Urban system lab with CP67/CMS datacenter ... story about USL
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/360-67.html

NASA was the fourth side of the sq (on backside across from Polaroid bldg.) ... more about tech sq.
http://news.mit.edu/2004/techsquare-0317
and
http://multicians.org/tech-square.html
above mentions one of the Prime founders was there at Honeywell & NASA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Poduska

posts mentioning FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

other trivia, Endicott eventually acquired the VM370 product mission ... but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1956 -- circuit reliability book

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1956 -- circuit reliability book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2018 17:31:50 -0800
Freddy <freddy1X@indyX.netX> writes:
In the movie "2001 a space odysey" HAL 'detected' that a radio was about to fail... I am sure that Watson will be much better.

another HAL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAL_Computer_Systems
The company produced multiple generations of computers based on microprocessors they had designed to the 64-bit SPARC V9 specification. Their processor design, known as SPARC64, combined out-of-order execution with mainframe-style reliability, availability and serviceability features. SPARC64 beat out Sun Microsystems' UltraSPARC I by a few months to be the first SPARC V9 microprocessor produced.
... snip ...

in the early 90s, I could drop by ... 10yrs earlier I had reported directly to him ... somewhat as punishment for being blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (folklore is that when corporate executive comittee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me) ... I had to report to him in YKT (on the east coast) but continued to live in San Jose and kept a few offices in san jose area IBM bldgs.

originally supposedly it was for H & L ... where "L" was a SUN executive ... SUN threatened to sue and he dropped out.

posts mentioning online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interchange

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Interchange
Date: 30 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
WALMART and other major retailers sued the card associations over forcing point-of-sale debit card transactions through the credit card interchange network ... effectively at the credit card rates.

For decades, merchants have been indoctrinated that (credit card) interchange rates had heavy surcharges effectively proportional to fraud. When we did electronic commerce, one of the things was needed to merchant bank acquirers that would sign-up merchants ... and they used interchange rates that are the highest. At the time, US banks got 40-60% of their bottom line from these surcharges (surcharge significantly higher than amount lost to fraud). Then newer technologies were threatening to reduce interchange fraud rates to debit card level (cutting 90% of that bottom line profit). Around the turn of the century, there was several "safe" internet payment products being pitched to major internet merchants (responsible for something like 70% of transactions) that saw extremely high acceptance (merchants expecting 90% cut in their interchange rate). Then came "cognitive dissonance", instead of 90% cut, banks said that there would be a heavy "safe" surcharge on top of the highest fraud surcharge that merchants were already paying ... and all interest is lost for the "safe" products. However, the writing was on the wall, eventually technology would be used to significantly reduce fraud rates and the banks had to find some substitute that would maintain that substantial bottom line profit. "Cash back" is part of that, banks can charge merchants for the "cash back" program that is significantly larger than what is being returned to customers.

trivia: the last product we were doing before leaving IBM was HA/CMP including cluster scaleup for both scientific/technical (with national labs) and commercial (with RDBMS vendors). This is reference to JAN1992 cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
by the end of the month, cluster scaleup was transferred (to be announced as IBM supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. 17Feb1992 press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

we leave IBM a few months later. Later two of the Oracle people (from the Ellison meeting) have left and are at small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. We get brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on their server. The small client/server startup had also invented some technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently referred to as "electronic commerce".

posts mentioning HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

some past posts about legal action over debit card routing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#51 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#59 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#37 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#46 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#44 Can't PIN be mandated in normal POS machines ? to avoid Losses / Frauds / NPA's ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#7 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#59 Question: Why Has Debit Grown So Quickly?

some past interchange surcharge posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#54 Trust Facade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#69 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#10 Wal-Mart to support smartcard payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#79 Five Theses on Security Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#82 Five Theses on Security Protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#52 Payment Card Industry Pursues Profits Over Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#13 "Compound threats" to appear in 2011 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#11 Credit cards with a proximity wifi chip can be as safe as walking around with your credit card number on a poster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#23 Fight Fraud with Device ID
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#48 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#56 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#38 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#39 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#82 Fighting Cyber Crime with Transparency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#3 Quitting Top IBM Salespeople Say They Are Leaving In Droves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#32 Use another browser - Kaspersky follows suit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#10 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#54 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#8 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#47 Pirate Bay co-founder charged with hacking IBM mainframes, stealing money
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#52 U.S. agents 'got lucky' pursuing accused Russia master hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#60 Target Offers Free Credit Monitoring Following Security Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#77 In a Cyber Breach, Who Pays, Banks or Retailers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#40 Missed Alarms and 40 Million Stolen Credit Card Numbers: How Target Blew It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#17 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#53 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#62 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#61 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#7 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#66 Lineage of TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#15 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#101 Electronic Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#102 Electronic Payments

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Web Authentication: A Broken Trust with No Easy Fix

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Web Authentication: A Broken Trust with No Easy Fix
Date: 30 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Web Authentication: A Broken Trust with No Easy Fix
http://www.infosecisland.com/blogview/19782-Web-Authentication-A-Broken-Trust-with-No-Easy-Fix.html

Note, basic SSL assumption was that users understood the relationship between the webserver they wanted to talk to and the URL they typed in. The browser would then use SSL to validate that the webserver being talked to corresponded with the URL typed in. Both were needed for the webserver being talked to was the webserver the user thought they were talking to. Webservers dropped back to only using SSL for checkout/payment. Now the URL the user typed in was no longer validated. Then payment URL was provided by clicked on button from the unvalidated webserver. The result was that now SSL established that the webserver being talked to was the webserver it claimed to be (but not necessarily the webserver the user thought it was).

trivia: the last product we were doing before leaving IBM was HA/CMP including cluster scaleup for both scientific/technical (with national labs) and commercial (with RDBMS vendors). This is reference to JAN1992 cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
by the end of the month, cluster scaleup was transferred (to be announced as IBM supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. 17Feb1992 press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

we leave IBM a few months later. Later two of the Oracle people (from the Ellison meeting) have left and are at small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. We get brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on their server. The small client/server startup had also invented some technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently referred to as "electronic commerce".

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
also lots of posts archived over the years on SSL domain name server certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcerts

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1956 -- circuit reliability book

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1956 -- circuit reliability book
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jan 2018 11:01:13 -0800
AndyW <Andy@nojunqmail.com> writes:
My IT department wrote a routine to print a block of text onto the end of each print so that they could hear when each batch print had ended and so they could separate the prints as they came out instead of searching through a whole stack of fan fold to separate the different prints. It sounded like descending tones.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#90 1956 -- circuit reliability book

standard IBM 1403 was separator header ... mostly blank page with printing across the perforation (so from side of stack of paper, could see "darker" marking separating printout ... also easy to see fanning paper) followed by header page identifying owner of the printout. full box of printer output could have printout for several dozen different people when go to separate (N1 had lots of sound deadening, made the cover so heavy that it had mechanical lift)

later for 6670 (computer driver for effectively copier 3) printers out in departmental areas. put colored paper in the 6670 alternate paper drawer. normal printout was on standard (white) paper ... "header" page (with user identification) was on colored paper from alternate paper drawer.

we added some extra special for the 6670 header page ... had lots of extra room ... so selected random entry from some quotation/saying files. One file had all the IBMJARGON definitions ... another file had collection of random quotations.

During one corporate audit ... which included checking offices and departmental areas offshift for classified information left unsecured ... including 6670 printout in department areas ... they found output that had the following on a separator/header page
[Business Maxims:] Signs, real and imagined, which belong on the walls of the nation's offices: 1) Never Try to Teach a Pig to Sing; It Wastes Your Time and It Annoys the Pig. 2) Sometimes the Crowd IS Right. 3) Auditors Are the People Who Go in After the War Is Lost and Bayonet the Wounded. 4) To Err Is Human -- To Forgive Is Not Company Policy.
... snip ...

The auditors then were complaining that we were ridiculing them. Contributing factor was that we had a lot of demo programs (frequently games by any other name) on the systems ... and the auditors were demanding that all games had to be removed. 3270 logon screens at the time had some statement about "for business purposes only" ... we managed to get executive authorization that said "for management approved use only" (with the demo program use as management approved).

some past "management approved use" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#85 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#95 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#67 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#66 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tax Cut for Stock Buybacks
Date: 30 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Corporations Say Publicly They'll Pocket the Tax Cut, But Republicans Aren't Listening
https://theintercept.com/2017/12/19/tax-bill-corporate-cut-stock-buyback-republican/
US firms will now focus on stock buybacks after tax cuts, David Rubenstein says
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/24/us-firms-will-now-focus-on-stock-buybacks-after-tax-cuts-david-rubenstein-says.html
Share buyback machine now in overdrive -- dropping a strong hint at what CEOs plan to do with tax savings
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/share-buybacks-spike-dropping-a-strong-hint-at-what-ceos-plan-to-do-with-tax-savings-2017-12-08

How Much Can Buybacks Rise on Tax Cuts? This Estimate Says 70%
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-03/how-much-can-buybacks-rise-on-tax-cuts-this-estimate-says-70

trivia: what company did David Rubenstein found? hint: what company did the former president of AMEX go to after leaving as CEO of IBM?
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Home Depot updates on tax bill impact
https://seekingalpha.com/news/3325245-home-depot-updates-tax-bill-impact
The Home Depot Awards Hourly Associates a One-Time Tax Reform Bonus; Comments on Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017
https://seekingalpha.com/pr/17056151-home-depot-awards-hourly-associates-one-time-tax-reform-bonus-comments-tax-cuts-jobs-act-2017
Announces Accelerated Business Investment Plan and $15 Billion Share Repurchase Authorization
http://ir.homedepot.com/news-releases/2017/12-06-2017-110035522

Home Depot sets new $15 billion stock buyback program, affirms 2017 outlook
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/home-depot-sets-new-15-billion-stock-buyback-program-affirms-2017-outlook-2017-12-06
Home Depot sets $15 billion share buyback, investment plan
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-home-depot-outlook-investor-day/home-depot-sets-15-billion-share-buyback-investment-plan-idUSKBN1E01D9
Home Depot Gives Investors a $15 Billion Christmas Gift
https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/12/10/home-depot-gives-investors-a-15-billion-christmas.aspx
Home Depot to Launch $15 Billion Share Buyback Program
https://www.wsj.com/articles/home-depot-to-launch-15-billion-share-buyback-program-1512560836

also the Home Depot bonus announcements said "up to $1000" for associates ... so the actual total bonus expense could be much less than $385M ($1000 for 385K employees), Even at $385M is less than 3% of $15B buyback

The Home Depot Awards Hourly Associates a One-Time Tax Reform Bonus; Comments on Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017
http://ir.homedepot.com/news-releases/2018/01-25-2018-130246180

AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR. KKR wins, but runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to turn it around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" preparing for the breakup of the company, dec1992 article, gone behind paywall but (mostly) lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html
We have left, but get a call from the bowels of Armonk about helping with the mechanics of splitting the company up into separate pieces. However before we start, the board hires away the former AMEX president to resurrect the company and reverses the breakup ... using some of the techniques at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
then former AMEX
president leaves to become head of another major private-equity company
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
that will purchase the beltway bandit that will employee snowden (70% of budget and over half employees)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
private-equity companies are under heavy pressure to cut corners every way possible to generate funds ... accelerating the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (more money/profit from failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

For decades multi-party operations has been standard practice for sensitive operations as countermeasure to insider threats. After the Snowden event, the agency director had press that maybe they will have to (re-)institute multi-party operations (after they were apparently cut during the enormous increase in outsourcing to for-profit companies that occurred last decade).

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

quote attributable to Volcker from Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
https:/www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg290:
Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a s**tty financial system!'
... snip ...

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas
The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/02/satyajit-das-pravda-the-economist%E2%80%99s-take-on-financial-innovation.html

triva: In 1999, I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (wasn't successful). Then decade later in Jan2009 I was asked to put together a detailed analysis of the economic mess for congress. I work on it for a couple months and then got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (references to DC totally buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash). Every once and awhile somebody will ask if I would do tutorial on the economic mess for somebody's staff ... I usually tell them it is wishful thinking and nobody will actually schedule such a tutorial (so far I've been right). Pretty much take everything out of DC with grain of salt. Every once and awhile local DC news (usually radio show on weekends) will refer to DC politics as Kabuki Theater ... everything you see publicly has little or nothing to do with what really is going on (somewhat like Roman circus obfuscation and distraction for the public). recent 24jan2013 5yr old "memory" on my facebook timeline (including reference to some TV news commentator at 2013 Davos just making the Kabuki reference)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabuki

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
The Limping Middle Class
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
slouching towards 3rd world country status and return of the robber barons.
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/
from here
http://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/

this has HD buying back 1/3rd of its stock over the last 10yrs ... not quite as egregious as IBM
http://www.vuru.co/analysis/HD/dividendsBuybacks
Buyback binge is going strong, but here is why they are not the solution
https://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/21/buyback-binge-is-going-strong-but-here-is-why-they-are-not-the-solution.html

Home Depot is part of a select group of companies I call "buyback monsters," companies that have bought back more than 25 percent of their shares since 2000.
... snip ...

Stockman, 80s budget director, takes credit for accelerating SS contribution increases and (double) taxing SS benefits ... so the money could be used for DOD ... Great Deformation
https:/www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America/dp/1586489127/

pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.
... snip ...

How GE, GM, Coca-Cola And Kodak Put Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2017/06/29/how-ge-gm-coca-cola-kodak-put-shareholders-ahead-of-employees/

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
Kabuki Theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jan 2018 14:00:13 -0800
Jorgen Grahn <grahn+nntp@snipabacken.se> writes:
The documentation and teaching around TCP could have been better. It took me years to figure it out by myself. Or rather, by reading Stevens' TCP/IP Illustrated vol. 1 (which is his best book by far). In a way I'm not surprised that many never figured it out.

the last product we were doing before leaving IBM was HA/CMP including cluster scaleup for both scientific/technical (with national labs) and commercial (with RDBMS vendors). This is reference to JAN1992 cluster scaleup meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
by the end of the month, cluster scaleup was transferred (to be announced as IBM supercomputer for scientific/technical *ONLY*) and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. 17Feb1992 press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

posts mentioning HA/CMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

we leave IBM a few months later. Later two of the Oracle people (from the Ellison meeting) have left and are at small client/server startup responsible for something called commerce server. We get brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on their server. The small client/server startup had also invented some technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently referred to as "electronic commerce".

part of the effort was doing ha/cmp like availability for servers, routing, partitioning, etc. Originally was going to be advertise multiple routes ... but in the middle of the effort, the backbone transitions to hierarchical routing ... so remaining was DNS multiple A-records (list of multiple server ip-addresses for client/browser to try) ... and servers with multiple connections into different parts of internet backbone (some countermeasure to partitioning that was occurring at the time).

I give a class to the browser people (mostly fresh out of college employees, paper millionaires) ... about programming TCP/IP for availability ... including DNS multiple A-records (try additional ip-address on the list if don't get connection). They say that is too complex. I provide client example code from TAHOE&RENO 4.3 distributions. They still say it is too complex. I make disparaging remarks that if it isn't in Stevens' book ... they aren't able to do it. It took another year before getting multiple A-records support added to the browser.

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

some past posts mentioning multiple A-records:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm13.htm#37 How effective is open source crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#22 Hamiltonian path as protection against DOS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay4.htm#comcert17 Merchant Comfort Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#5 Wildcard SSL Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#34 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#39 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#15 30 hop limit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#36 MAC and SSL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#67 SSL vs. SSL over tcp/ip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#44 latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#34 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#67 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#13 What do ATMS and card readers use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#34 Builders v. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#60 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#41 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#43 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#29 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#36 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#76 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#29 Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#64 Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#42 z/OS's basis for TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#68 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#29 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#23 Commentary--time to build a more secure Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#45 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#49 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#21 Pre-internet email and usenet (was Re: How to choose the best news server for this newsgroup in 40tude Dialog?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 30 Jan 2018 14:20:54 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#105 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

more multiple A-record ...

one of the first early e-commerce server installations was large sporting goods company that was doing lots of national tv sunday football advertising and planning on seeing lots of server traffic during half time.

a problem at the time was that a lot of the major ISPs were still taking down regional centers on sunday during the day for maintenance (sort of on rolling schedule) ... which was guaranteed to have some of the redundant server connections offline.

a couple past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#29 Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#64 Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#23 Commentary--time to build a more secure Internet

internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Unconventional monetary policy and the role of central banks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Unconventional monetary policy and the role of central banks
Date: 30 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
Unconventional monetary policy and the role of central banks
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s11369-017-0059-8?no-access=true

then there is ZIRP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate_policy

TARP was supposedly to bailout too big to fail
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troubled_Asset_Relief_Program
but with only $700B appropriated, it wouldn't cover the problem, just the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T ye2008. TARP was used for other things and Federal Reserve bought trillions in off-book troubled assets at 98cents on the dollar and provided tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

Federal Reserve fought long legal battle to prevent disclosing what they were doing. When they lost, the chairman had press conference and said that he thought TBTF would use ZIRP to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he couldn't force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP funds). Note the chairman, in part, had been selected for having been a depression era scholar. However, the FED had tried something similar then with the same result, so he should have had no expectation of something different this time.

Over $27T in securitized mortgages & loans were done 2001-2008. Originally they were securtizing, paying for triple-A rating (when both sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A ... from Oct2008 congressional testimony into role played by rating agencies), and selling off to their customers. Triple-A rating eliminated any reason for them to care about borrower's qualifications and/or loan quality and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans.

Then they find they can design CDOs to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their customers, and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. Then the SECTREAS steps in and said they have to sign a document that they can't sue those making the gambling bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formally headed by SECTREAS. Now they care about borrower's qualifications ... but not in the traditional way.

posts mentioning (triple-A rated) CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning Federal Reserve chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
posts mentioning ZIRP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
posts mentioning economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GE's $31 billion pension nightmare

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
Date: 30 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://money.cnn.com/2018/01/18/investing/ge-pension-immelt-breakup/index.html?iid=EL
Not only does GE have the largest pension deficit among S&P 500 companies, that deficit is $11 billion worse than the next closest company, according to Dow Jones S&P Indices. (The $31 billion figure is from the end of 2016. Fresher numbers haven't been released.)
... snip ...

Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
https:/www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/

pg187/loc3667-70:
When Welch took over GE in 1980, it was the ninth most profitable company in the nation. Now it was first, second, or third. Shareholder value reached $500 billion, more than any other company in America. The stock price was Welch's personal measure of achievement, though he later denied it. The boom of the late 1990s on balance sent the wrong message to American managers: cut costs rather than innovate. Despite its appeal, In Search of Excellence had little true staying power.

pg191/loc3754-60:
In 1977, GE Capital, as it was later called, generated $67 million in revenue with only seven thousand employees, while appliances that year generated $100 million and required 47,000 workers. He hired better managers and supplied GE Credit with a lot of capital, and he had built-in scale—meaning large size—due to GE's assets size and triple-A credit rating. In time, GE Capital became a full-fledged bank, financing all kinds of commercial loans, issuing mortgages and other consumer loans, and becoming a leader in mortgage-backed securities. By the time Welch left in 2000, GE Capital's earnings had grown by some eighty times to well more than $5 billion, while the number of its employees did not even double. It provided half of GE's profits.

pg192/loc3777-79:
In a few brief sentences, Welch had defined a new age for big business. He introduced short-run profit management to GE, understanding that stock market investors trusted little so well as rising profits every calendar quarter. It became the best indication of a company's quality, making it stand out in good times and bad.

pg199/loc3909-13:
GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:
The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave, the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch business strategy, its dependence on financial overspeculation, became ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg200/pg3935-41:
He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.
... snip ...

posts mentioning (triple-A rated) CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

posts mentioning "Age of Greed"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#31 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#37 Romney's Opponents Intensify Attacks as Voting Nears
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#40 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#47 Avoiding a lost decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#48 Fed's image tarnished by newly released documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#77 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#12 Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#29 The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#99 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#19 Occupy the SEC Pitches An Extreme Makeover of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#13 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#14 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#71 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#91 The Fractal Organization: Creating sustainable organizations with the Viable System Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#35 Inequality and Investment Bubbles: A Clearer Link Is Established
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#74 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#86 The Dangers of High-Frequency Trading; Wall Street's Speed Freaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#16 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#26 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#38 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#74 What voters are really choosing in November
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#22 Four Signs Your Awesome Investment May Actually Be A Ponzi Scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#37 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#13 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#8 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#78 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#44 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#36 Bank Whistleblower Claims Retaliation And Wrongful Termination
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#33 Management Secrets From Inside GE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#51 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#89 Behold The Face Of Central Banker Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#35 OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#76 Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#1 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#53 Banking - licensed to cheat! And whether you'll get away with it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#147 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#66 fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#15 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#22 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#3 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#3 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#95 Trump, Wall Street and the "banking caucus" ready to rip apart Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#4 OT: Trump Moves to Roll Back Obama-Era Financial Regulations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#14 How to spot a dodgy company - never trust a high achiever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#46 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#54 Testing Progressives, Centrist Dems Team Up with GOP to Deregulate Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#19 In Praise of Hierarchy

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
Date: 30 Jan 2018
Blog: Facebook
The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell; Under Trump's SEC, Wall Street Secrecy Expands as Enforcement Shrinks
https://theintercept.com/2018/01/30/jay-clayton-sec-donald-trump-wall-street/
In remarks last July at the elite Economic Club of New York, Clayton had acknowledged how "burdensome" some disclosures are to generate and openly invited companies to request exemptions. "I ... assure you that SEC staff is placing a high priority on responding with timely guidance," he said.
... snip ...

other articles referencing Sullivan & Cromwell

Lawyers as Crime Enablers: Maine Bar Counsel Punts on Sanctioning Foreclosure Attorneys for Bogus Affidavits
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/01/lawyers-as-crime-enablers-maine-bar-counsel-punts-on-sanctioning-foreclosure-attorneys-for-bogus-affidavits.html
Bank Super Lawyer, Rodgin Cohen of Sullivan & Cromwell, Says Regulatory Capture is a Myth
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/bank-super-lawyer-rodgin-cohen-sullivan-cromwell-says-regulatory-capture-myth.html
AIG Bailout Trial Bombshell II: Fed and Treasury Cornered AIG's Board into Taking a Legally-Dubious Bailout
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/10/aig-bailout-trial-bombshell-ii-fed-treasury-cornered-board-taking-legally-dubious-bailout.html
Top White Shoe Law Firms Cited as Enablers of Bank Misconduct
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/08/top-white-shoe-law-firms-cited-as-enablers-of-bank-misconduct.html
MetLife Sues Over Being Named Too Big to Fail
https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2015/01/13/metlife-to-fight-too-big-to-fail-status-in-court/
"Financial System May Need $1 Trillion"
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2008/11/financial-system-may-need-1-trillion.html
Bank of America Foreclosure Reviews: How Promontory Became a Shadow Regulator (Part VA)
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/02/bank-of-america-foreclosure-reviews-why-the-occ-overlooked-independent-reviewer-promontorys-keystone-cops-act-part-v.html
Prosecutors Reopening Cases Against Bank Recidivists; Change or "Change You Can Believe in"?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/10/prosecutors-reopening-cases-bank-recidivists-change-change-can-believe.html
Quelle Surprise! Sorkin Tells Remarkable Whoppers to Defend His Wall Street Sources
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/10/quelle-surprise-sorkin-tells-remarkable-whoppers-to-defend-his-wall-street-sources.html
Sandy Aftermath and the Fragility of Complex Systems
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/11/sandy-aftermath-and-the-fragility-of-complex-systems.html
NYTimes Dealbook's Dishonest Salvo at Elizabeth Warren Over Calling Out an Unqualified Nominee for Treasury Post
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/httpwww-nakedcapitalism-com201412nytimes-dealbooks-dishonest-salvo-at-elizabeth-warren-over-her-calling-out-unqualified-cronyistic-nominee-for-treasury-post-html.html
Trump Selects Jay Clayton, S & C Partner, to Head SEC
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/01/trump-selects-jay-clayton-s-c-partner-head-sec.html
Sullivan & Cromwell Hires Top NY Fed Lawyer
https://www.law.com/americanlawyer/almID/1202767637658/Sullivan--Cromwell-Hires-Top-NY-Fed-Lawyer/
Sullivan & Cromwell's Brent McIntosh Is Picked for Treasury GC
https://www.law.com/americanlawyer/almID/1202781324736/Sullivan--Cromwells-Brent-McIntosh-Is-Picked-for-Treasury-GC/

posts referencing regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
posts referencing too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts referencing economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

a couple books

How Wall Street Created a Nation: J.P. Morgan, Teddy Roosevelt, and the Panama Canal
https://www.amazon.com/How-Wall-Street-Created-Nation-ebook/dp/B00MDW60IY/
The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

some other mentions

Ike's Bluff: President Eisenhower's Secret Battle to Save the World
https://www.amazon.com/Ikes-Bluff-President-Eisenhowers-Secret-ebook/dp/B0076DCPI4/

pg138/loc1809-13:
Indeed, an astonishing array of Eisenhower advisers and appointees had financial interests in United Fruit, or close ties of one kind or another; these included John Foster and Allen Dulles (United Fruit had been their client at Sullivan and Cromwell) and Ann Whitman (whose husband, Ed, was United Fruit's spokesman). 3 The Eisenhower administration had worked from the beginning with United Fruit to oust Arbenz. Eisenhower even raised the issue of Guatemala with Ed Whitman at a lunch before his inauguration in 1953.
... snip ...

Treason in America from Aaron Burr to Averell Harriman
https://www.amazon.com/Treason-America-Aaron-Averell-Harriman-ebook/dp/B005VHDR1G/

loc6565-69:
Cromwell's "French" company was paid $40 million by the United States. Colombia was paid nothing. Teddy Roosevelt refused ever to disclose just who it was who got the $40 million, though it was known that William Nelson Cromwell received a fee of at least $600,000. Cromwell later hired a young lawyer named John Foster Dulles into his firm; Dulles would become Sullivan and Cromwell's boss, and lead the firm into its position as chief legal representative for Adolf Hitler and the international cartels of the German Nazis.

loc6749-52:
Sullivan's partner Cromwell came to represent the J. P. Morgan bank in its takeover of the American steel industry, and aided Edward H. Harriman in his railroad operations. In 1903 Cromwell organized the "revolution" which detached the Isthmus of Panama from the nation of Colombia, creating a new country ("Panama") and making himself and the Sullivan and Cromwell law firm the official counselors to the new country.

loc6759-63:
J. P. Morgan's early partner, the Austrian-American banker Joseph W. Drexel, was a Banknote director in the 1880s; the company became the chief printer of the securities traded on the New York Stock exchanges. Sullivan and Cromwell became the corporate attorneys for American Banknote, and successive S.&C. chief executives (Cromwell, 1900-48; Alfred Jaretski, 1906-25; John Foster Dulles, 1925-49; and Arthur Dean, beginning 1952) sat on the Banknote board. Allen Dulles left the Banknote board in 1951 to become director of the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
... snip ...

past posts mentioning Sullivan & Cromwell:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#2 Smedley Butler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#54 Mary Jo White Seriously Misled The US Senate To Become SEC Chair
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Making Computers Secure

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Making Computers Secure
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 07:14:05 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Of course security for cloud machines is different from that for a personal computer. But personal computers have security issues that new hardware features might give assistance with.

late 90s, EU had FINREAD standard which assumed insecure, compromised and/or "public" PCs that couldn't be trusted and provided for end-to-end trust. page/site ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20021223205124/http://www.finread.com/pages/finread_initiatives/ec_funded_projects/02_embedded.html
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread

at the time, the payment card associations were working on two different (secure) specifications ... one for point-of-sale, and different one for home consumer ... for both they goofed on some things. recent discussion in post about serial port devices for home consumer and "YES CARD" period for point-of-sale
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#94 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

it turns out that FINREAD was also one of the casualties of the serial port fiasco (which has never recovered) ... and "YES CARD" did in a large US point-of-sale pilot (and prediction that it would be a long time before it was tried again in the US, waiting until the kinks were worked out in other jurisdictions) ... "YES CARD" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

as mentioned, somewhat for having done electronic commerce, in mid-90s, roped in to be part of the X9A10 financial standard working group which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (i.e. standard for *ALL*, i.e. point-of-sale, unattended, face-to-face, internet, home consumer, etc). Besides standard for *ALL*, it didn't have the vulnerabilities and exploits that were characteristic of the industry specifications of the period. transaction standard reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959
hardware token reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

lead technical director of the agency information assurance directorate had assurance session in the trusted computing track at past IDF ... where I presented on trust & assurance ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp%2bs13

trivia: much earlier computer security reference ... also gone 404, but also lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

assurance related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 07:54:27 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/


John Boyd's Revenge; How ISIS got inside our OODA-Loop
https://medium.com/@bafriedman/john-boyd-s-revenge-8a57d9a53364
Despite the loyalty of his acolytes, the best advocates for Boyd's ideas are Russia, China, and the Islamic State
... snip ...

slight drift ... there is also Andrew Marshall (foreign policy strategist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Marshall_(foreign_policy_strategist)
strongly influenced by Friedrich Hayek, he earned an M.A. in economics from the institution in 1949. His master's thesis was a sensitivity analysis of Lawrence Klein's econometric model of the US economy; influential for its methodology, it has never been published except for a short abstract.[6][7][8]
... snip ...

Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
https://www.amazon.com/Pacific-Surfboards-Dictators-Collision-Superpowers-ebook/dp/B00T3CTYTY/

pg378/loc5625-29:
The periscope belonged to a Chinese diesel attack submarine that had crept, stealthily and undetected, to within torpedo range of an American aircraft carrier battle group on routine patrol in the area. Though the official Pentagon inquiries would later concentrate on the alarming embarrassment of the U.S. Navy, with all its sophisticated underwater detection apparatus, having failed to notice the incoming attack vessel, the deeper and initially unanswered question was why this Chinese submarine was in this corner of the Pacific, in what were long assumed to be American waters, by use if not by right.
...

there is joke the highest gov. security classification is "down right embarrassing" ... usually little to do preventing adversaries from learning something, but preventing the US public from learning something.

pg415/loc6115-21:
Yet a counterplan exists, for now, and though like all complicated military strategies, it is a child of many fathers, it was designed in essence by one man, the second of the two much-revered graybeards of transpacific planning: the man who was generally regarded as Admiral Liu's intellectual opposite number in Washington, Andrew Marshall. This most remarkable figure retired in 2015 after forty-two years as director of the Pentagon's Office of Net Assessment, to which he had been appointed by Richard Nixon back in 1973. When he stepped down he was ninety-four years old, and for decades was known familiarly in the American press as Yoda, after the Jedi Grand Master in the Star Wars movies, the Pentagon's preeminent keeper of peace and justice.

pg416/loc6121-24:
His job was to plan for future wars, "to look at not very happy futures," as he once put it. Among the world's war makers, most especially those in Russia and China, his fame is legendary. He was "our hero" to the PLA's General Chen Zhou, one of modern China's most powerful strategists. America's RMA theory, said General Chen, was something he and his staff had studied "exhaustively." The Chinese "translated every word that Marshall wrote."
... snip ...

and in 2015, who was the write-in candidate for the new yoda?

Boyd has been credited with the battle plan for Desert Storm ... and US NEWS & WORLD REPORTS had article titled "The Fight To Change How America Fights" about Boyd mentioning Boyd's (recent crop of majors & cols) "Jedi Knights".

Boyd posts & URLs (from around the web)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#71 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#72 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#74 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#78 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#80 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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