List of Archived Posts

2018 Newsgroup Postings (01/01 - )

Intrigued by IBM
upgrade
upgrade
Pension Plans
upgrade
"It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story
Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
The First World War
Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game
Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
IBM Profs
In Praise of Hierarchy
IBM Profs
IBM Profs
IBM Profs
IBM Profs
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume
When did the home computer die?
A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
The 17 equations that changed the course of history
IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

Intrigued by IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Intrigued by IBM
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 01 Jan 2018 12:16:03 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

other trivia ... there are actually more cores than the 170
... including system assist processors ... running real-time
operation for I/O control
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/zosbasics/com.ibm.zos.zmainframe/zconc_mfhwPUs.htm

also zAAP and zIIP ... software licensing for regular software running
on "central processors" is so expensive ... they have multiple classes
of processors where software execution can be licensed at lower rate.

zAAP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z_Application_Assist_Processor
zIIP
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZIIP
some more discussion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_zEnterprise_System
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z/Architecture

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#65 Intrigued by IBM

old trivia ... 1980, STL (now IBM silicon valley lab)
https://developer.ibm.com/dwblog/2017/ibm-silicon-valley-lab-40th-anniversary/

cons me into doing channel-extender support ... they were moving 300
people from the IMS group to an offsite bldg ... with computer service
back to STL datacenter. Then the hardware vendor tries to convince IBM
to release the support ... however, there is group in POK working with
some serial I/O that gets it veto'ed (they were afraid that if it was in
the market, it would make it harder to get their stuff released). some
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The 3880 disk controller was much slower for many operations than
the previous 3830 controller.
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_PH3380A.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_CKD_Controllers

that significantly increase channel busy time (ibm channels were half
duplex parallel copper, channel operations involved lots of protocol
chatter with end-to-end busy and latency until operation completed).
3090 originally specified number of channels based on 3830 anticipated
channel busy ... but when they learned the truth about 3880, they had to
significantly increase the number of channels (in order to get
sufficient system throughput, partially offsetting channel busy for each
i/o).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

The increased number of 3090 channels required adding (expensive) TCM
increasing manufacuring costs ... there was joke that the 3090 group was
going to charge of the additional TCM to the 3880 controller
group. Marketing also tries to respin the significant increase in number
of channels as big benefit (as opposed to compensate for the channel
busy throughput problems).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/vintage/vintage_4506VV2137.html
discusses 3090 TCM serveral places
http://www.bitsavers.com/pdf/ibm/3090/G580-1005-0_The_IBM_3090_Processor_Family_Jul87.pdf
also 3090 Functional Characteristics
http://chiclassiccomp.org/docs/content/computing/IBM/Mainframe/Hardware/System/SA22-7121-6_3090ProcComplexFunctionalCharacteristics.pdf

In 1988, LLNL was working with some serial stuff and I was asked to help
get in standardized ... which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

Finally the POK group gets their serial stuff released in 1990 as ESCON,
when it is already obsolete.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ESCON

Then some POK engineers get involved in fibre-channel standard and
define an extremely heavy weight protocol with lots of protocol chatter
and latency ... that drastically cuts the native I/O throughput.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FICON
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

The most recent published peak I/O benchmark I can find is for z196 (max
80 processors) that gets 2M IOPS using 104 FICON. About the same time
there was a fibre channel announced for E5-2600V1 blade claiming over
million IOPS (two such fibre channel gets more throughput than 104 FICON
running over 104 fibre channel).

Marketing tries to tout the large number of FICON (needed) as benefit
...  when they are really needed to offset the enormous FICON protocol
overhead.  Marketing also touts offloading much of I/O processing to
dedicated system assist processors (SAPs) as advantage to significantly
increase I/O throughput. However published numbers (again for max
configured z196) has all z196 SAP processors running at 100% busy
handling just 2.2M SSCH/sec ... and recommendation is to keep SAP cpu
busy to 70% (minimizing queuing delays) ... or 1.5M SSCH/sec. SSCH
instruction (basically used to hand off I/O processing from standard
processor to SAP).
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/14.3.9?DT=20040504121320

recent posts mentioning SAPs & SSCH processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#88 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#2 More "ageing mainframe" (bad) press
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#79 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#28 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#62 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#63 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#56 IBM 1401 vs. 360/30 emulation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#115 IBM History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#75 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#59 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#61 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#62 64 bit addressing into the future

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

upgrade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: upgrade
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 09:44:42 -0800

Bob Eager <news0006@eager.cx> writes:

I have often hacked SCSI drives to appear smaller for backwards
compatibility.

And there are cases of manufacturers doing the same thing to drives to
make them the same as the old one for warranty replacement.

never actually doing it ... but there was lots of discussions in SHARE
about getting IBM to come out with a "small/fast" 3380 drive.

The long time issue was that systems were getting faster much faster
than disks were getting faster (i.e. the relative system throughput of
disks had declined by order of magnitude over period of
10-15yrs). recent referencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

The specific change of 3330->3380 was that the accesses/sec increased
but the amount of data under each arm had increased significantly (the
access/sec/mbyte had declined significantly). old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#54 Graph of total world disk space over time?
with 3330
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3330.html
and 3380 refs
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380.html

The issue was that a lot of system throughput was dependent on
accesses/sec/mbyte and proposal was to limit 3380 loading to 50-80% of
capacity ... to maintain accesses/sec/mbyte ... while system
administrators were demanding that all 3380s being filled to capacity
(even tho it was false economy, degrading overall system throughput).

The proposal was that IBM come out with a "fast" 3380 that cost more and
only had 50% capacity of regular 3380 (but avg. arm seek would only be
half the distance) ... and since it cost more and was faster ... system
administrators would buy them (even tho they could achieve the same
thing at lower cost by just administratively configuring disk loading).

Internally we did have an application (MDREDUCE) that helped with the
3330/200mb->3380/630mb conversion, that did long term use traces of the
3330 data accesses. Highest use 3330 data was moved to 3380 to load
balance across all 3380 arms. Then regular use data was load balanced
across all 3380 arms until it reached accesses/sec/mbyte loading (rather
than loaded to full capacity ... aka more like one 3380 per 2+ 3330s
rather than three).  The remaining capacity of the disks could be
ignored, although could be (carefully) used for staging infrequently
used archive data.

trivia: original 3380 had 20 track spacings between each data track,
double density 3380s cut the spacing betweeen data track in half,
thriple density cut it spacing to 1/3rd ... track length didn't change,
tracks/cylinder didn't change ... just number of cylinders.

after 3380, the next "real" CKD disk was 3390 ... however there hasn't
been any real CKD disks made for decades ... all being simulated on
industry standard fixed-block disks ... usually defined as some
variation of 3390 disks.  recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#42 IBM etc I/O channels?

posts mentioning IBM DASD, CKD, multi-track search, FBA, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

upgrade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: upgrade
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 09:53:10 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

The proposal was that IBM come out with a "fast" 3380 that cost more and
only had 50% capacity of regular 3380 (but avg. arm seek would only be
half the distance) ... and since it cost more and was faster ... system
administrators would buy them (even tho they could achieve the same
thing at lower cost by just administratively configuring disk loading).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#1 upgrade

and the fast 3380 was purely a microcode load ... paying more for
smaller, but faster 3380 seemed to something that only appeals to bean
counters ... even when otherwise they could have achieved the same
results from standard 3380.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pension Plans

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pension Plans
Date: 02 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

AMEX had been in competition with KKR for private equity take-over of
RJR. KKR runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to help with
RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and is being re-orged into 13 "baby blues"
in preparation for breaking up the company. The board hires away the
former AMEX president who reverses the breakup and resurrects the
company ... using some of the same techniques as at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
IBM employee pension issues
http://www.ibmemployee.com/Highlights030802.shtml

other trivia ... start of the century there was huge uptake in
outsourcing federal gov. to for-profit operations ... big part of it
was that gov. contractors can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby
congress ... however, private-equity operations found that they could
buy up gov. contractors ... and they had no limitations on the
lobbying they could do. Barbarians at the Capitol: Private Equity,
Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster

.... snip ....

... including buying the gov. contractor that will employ
Snowden. private-equity owned companies are frequently under enormous
pressure to cut corners to push revenue up to their owners. In the
case of intelligence, 70% of the budget and over half the people.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
private-equity companies that became responsible for security
clearances were found to be filling out the paperwork, but not
actually doing background checks. Also significantly contributing to
the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (i.e. make more
money from a series of failures).
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
private-equity companies getting billions in no-bid Iraq contracts
... also involved in the OPM breach
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

upgrade

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: upgrade
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 19:41:57 -0800

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

But those resources are still physically in the machine that is
physically in our data center, a different situation from spinning
down a virtual server in the cloud and spinning it back up with more
resources.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#1 upgrade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#2 upgrade

back in the 50s/60s, dataprocessing was leased based on
capacility/resources ... there was system meter that was used to measure
how much processing was done, was part of rent/lease charges.

litigation led to 23june1969 unbundling announcement where rather than
bundled ... there was machine, maintenance, software, SE/technical
support, etc ... although they did make the case that kernel (operating
system) software should still be free. past unbundle posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Note that the system meter ran when ever the processor and/or channels
were running and would continue to run for 400ms after everything would
stop. science center part of moving cp/67 online use to 7x24 ...  did a
lot of work of letting system meter coast to stop when systems were idle
... including channel programs that would allow channel to stop ... but
immediately wake up whenever there were characters arriving. this was
also part of some of the cp/67 commercial service bureau online
spinoffs. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

early 70s, there was switch-over from rent/lease computers to selling
(although some 3rd party vendors would buy from IBM and still offer
lease/rent option).  late 70s, POK favorite son operating system still
had a timer event that woke up every 400ms (making sure that system
meter never stopped w/o actually shutting down the whole system). with
the switch-over to selling ... there was the idea that customer "owned"
the computers and they could do what ever they wanted with it (as
opposed to paying for certain amount of capability and the equipment
installed at the computer site was configured to process at whatever
rate the customer was paying for).

from recent ... IBM Z software pricing
https://www.ibm.com/it-infrastructure/z/software/pricing

Announcing Container Pricing for IBM Z -- a groundbreaking new software
pricing alternative to traditional capacity based metrics. With
Container Pricing you can scale without impacting workloads whether
within existing LPARs, through separate LPARs or up to
multiple-LPARs. For qualified solutions, it offers competitive metrics
and economies with automated billing and simplified software pricing,
superseding many existing price offerings.

... snip ...

lots of capacity management because of the significant software
(throughput) capacity-based (lease) charges.

trivia: IBM hardware mainframe revenue has been around 5% for some time
... but dropping. However, total mainframe division (including software
& services) revenue was 25% and 40% of bottom line profit. recent
refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#62 Big Shrink to "Hire" 25,000 in the US, as Layoffs Pile Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#23 IBM "Breakup"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#63 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#17 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#11 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#103 SEX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#61 computer component reliability, 1951
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#95 PDP-11 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story
Date: 03 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

"It Felt Like Being In The Matrix" - James Risen's Stunning Inside Story
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-03/it-felt-being-matrix-james-risens-stunning-inside-story
The Biggest Secret, My Life as a New York Times Reporter in the Shadow
of the War on Terror
https://theintercept.com/2018/01/03/my-life-as-a-new-york-times-reporter-in-the-shadow-of-the-war-on-terror/
All The News Unfit to Print: James Risen on His Battles with Bush,
Obama, and the New York Times
https://theintercept.com/2018/01/03/all-the-news-unfit-to-print-james-risen-on-his-battles-with-bush-obama-and-the-new-york-times/

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing
with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing
back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin
shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in
military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned
WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted
for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around
to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge
Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending
increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody
(Bush1) that will aggree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns
to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistent Cheney). In the
80s, Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq. In the
early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo recon
analyst told white house that saddam was marshalling forces to invade
Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the
white house that saddam was marshalling forces to invade Saudi Arabia,
now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 03 Jan 2018 13:33:53 -0800

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

Why would the cement manufacturer have two programmers?  Part of
the business end of selling cement is the quality of the cement.

cement/concrete, large projects ... especially government ... have all
sort of quality control and audit trails ... including (computerized)
record retention. web search turns up references to large project
management. part of it may also depend on how far stretch term
"programming" ... spreadsheet programmers, DBMS management/admins, etc

almost all larger organizations (regardless of kind) have significant
computer/network support staff ... that require some level of
programming expertise.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers
Date: 04 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs,
Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the
World's Superpowers (Simon Winchester)
https://www.amazon.com/Pacific-Surfboards-Dictators-Collision-Superpowers-ebook/dp/B00T3CTYTY/

pg378/loc5625-29:

The periscope belonged to a Chinese diesel attack submarine that had
crept, stealthily and undetected, to within torpedo range of an
American aircraft carrier battle group on routine patrol in the
area. Though the official Pentagon inquiries would later concentrate
on the alarming embarrassment of the U.S. Navy, with all its
sophisticated underwater detection apparatus, having failed to notice
the incoming attack vessel, the deeper and initially unanswered
question was why this Chinese submarine was in this corner of the
Pacific, in what were long assumed to be American waters, by use if
not by right.

... snip ...

there is joke the highest gov. security classification is "down right
embarrassing" ... usually little to do preventing adversaries from
learning something, but preventing the US public from learning
something.

pg415/loc6115-21:

Yet a counterplan exists, for now, and though like all complicated
military strategies, it is a child of many fathers, it was designed in
essence by one man, the second of the two much-revered graybeards of
transpacific planning: the man who was generally regarded as Admiral
Liu's intellectual opposite number in Washington, Andrew
Marshall. This most remarkable figure retired in 2015 after forty-two
years as director of the Pentagon's Office of Net Assessment, to which
he had been appointed by Richard Nixon back in 1973. When he stepped
down he was ninety-four years old, and for decades was known
familiarly in the American press as Yoda, after the Jedi Grand Master
in the Star Wars movies, the Pentagon's preeminent keeper of peace and
justice.

pg416/loc6121-24:

His job was to plan for future wars, "to look at not very happy
futures," as he once put it. Among the world's war makers, most
especially those in Russia and China, his fame is legendary. He was
"our hero" to the PLA's General Chen Zhou, one of modern China's most
powerful strategists. America's RMA theory, said General Chen, was
something he and his staff had studied "exhaustively." The Chinese
"translated every word that Marshall wrote."

... snip ...

and in 2015, who was the write-in candidate for the new yoda?

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The First World War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The First World War
Date: 04 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

The First World War (John Keegan)
https://www.amazon.com/First-World-War-John-Keegan-ebook/dp/B009Y4I744/

pg1/loc144-47:

The Second World War, five times more destructive of human life and
incalculably more costly in material terms, was the direct outcome of
the First. On 18 September 1922, Adolf Hitler, the demobilised front
fighter, threw down a challenge to defeated Germany that he would
realise seventeen years later: "It cannot be that two million Germans
should have fallen in vain ... No, we do not pardon, we
demand--vengeance!"

... snip ...

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to
1920 (copyright 1921)
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

loc6265-74:

XXX. THE LEAGUE TO PERPETUATE WAR The war has just begun. I said that
when the Armistice terms were published and when I read the Treaty and
the League Covenant I felt more than ever convinced of the justice of
my conclusion. The Treaty of Versailles is merely an armistice--a
suspension of hostilities, while the combatants get their wind. There
is a war in every chapter of the Treaty and in every section of the
League Covenant; war all over the world; war without end so long as
the conditions endure which produce these documents.

... snip ...

John Foster Dulles, 20s through the early 40s, played major role in
rebuilding Germany's economy and military
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their
investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a
loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their
agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took
power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend
Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan &
Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there,
including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and
General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active
regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

from the law of unintended consequences, the US 1943 Strategic Bombing
Program needed targets in Germany and got the targets and location
information from wallstreet.

more recent, Domestic Roots Of Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and here
https://www3.nd.edu/~druccio/Spinney.pdf

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Who Plotted This Map for Adventure Game
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 12:47:34 -0800

Rich Alderson <news@alderson.users.panix.com> writes:

Yup.  Ralph was the half time Director of LOTS.  The System Mannger
and System Programmer were full time positions, as was the
administrative assistant.  The original director was John McCarthy (as
in LISP, SAIL--the organization, not the language--, etc.), and Ralph
was the original system manager, to get LOTS started (Ralph's idea).
By the time I left, the title was "LOTS TOPS-20 Systems Programmer"
and we also had systems programmers for VM/SP (possibly HPO) for the
4381s and Unix systems administrators for the Ultrix, SunOS, and AIX
systems.

some past posts mentioning Ralph
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#74 Convergent Technologies vs Sun
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#52 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#73 Demolishing the Tile Turtle

At SJR, I worked with Jim Gray and Vera Watson (married to John
McCarthy) on System/R (original sql/relational) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

... that was before the Annapurna climb ... Vera never came back, she is
still on Annapurna.
http://publications.americanalpineclub.org/articles/12197934500/print

and Jim disappeared off San Fran.
https://www.wired.com/2007/07/ff-jimgray-2/

I first saw Adventure at TYMSHARE ... TYMSHARE got copy from SAIL for
their PDP10 and then ported to VM370/CMS. I got a copy+source and made
available on the internal network ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#email780321
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email780405
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email780405b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#email780414
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#email780517
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#email790912

some adventure game timeline
http://adventure.if-legends.org/timeline.html
... mentions some IBM mainframe
http://adventure.if-legends.org/Mainframe_adventures.html#Acheton

but doesn't refer to TYMSHARE or some other mainframe versions.
Internal inside IBM, I made the executable available ... and for anybody
that finished all points, I would send the source. Within a couple
months there were PLI versions with a couple hundred extra points.

quicky web search
http://www.spitenet.com/cave/
with
http://www.spitenet.com/cave/images/AdventureMap.jpg

other ref
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossal_Cave_Adventure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 15:31:07 -0800

Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:

LS - early modems - hundreds of bits per second
MS - late modems and early digital lines - tens of kilobits per second
HS - DSL and early fixed wireless - a few megabits per second
VHS - FTC and fixed LTE 4G - around 100 megabits per second
UHS - FTH and fixed 5G - around a gigabit per second
EHS - Metro links and the like - 10 gigabit per second and up

I had project started very early 80s I called HSDT (t1 & higher speed
links) ... high-speed data transport ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

mid-80s was having some equipment built on the other side of the pacific
and one friday just before leaving for a visit, got an email
announcement from communication group raleigh announcing new internal
discussion group ... with the following definition:

low-speed               <9.6kbits
medium-speed            19.2kbits
high-speed              56kbits
very high-speed         1.5mbits

Monday morning on the wall of a conference room on the other side of the pacific

low-speed               <20mbits
medium-speed            100mbits
high-speed              200-300mbits
very high-speed         >600mbits

internal network links ... some past posts http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet were required to be encrypted ... and mid-80s there was claim (by link encryptor product maker) that the internal network had over half of all link encryptors in the world. some of this involved arguments with various governments around the world, especially when links crossed national boundaries ... for instance this is old post that includes corporate locations (around the world) that added one or more links during 1983 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encryptors and faster speed encryptors were hard to find. Mid-80s I got involved in doing encryptors that would cost less than $100 to build and handle several. mbytes/sec (rather than mbits). Initially the corporate crypto product group claimed that it significantly weakened the crypto standard (and couldn't be used). It took me 3months to figure out how to explain to them that rather than significantly weaker, it was actually significantly stronger than crypto standard. It was hallow victory, they then said that I could make as many as I wanted ... but they all had to be shipped to gov. location on the east coast. It was when I realized that there were 3 kinds of crypto in the world, 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do, and 3) the kind you can only do for them. posts mentioning realizing 3 kinds of crypto: http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness) http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption" http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service? http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984 http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#40 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else) http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection -- virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
Date: 05 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.businessinsider.com/plane-that-almost-beat-out-legendary-f-16-2018-1

Even tho Boyd was behind the YF16 & YF17 (which became F16 & F18), he
would later talk about needing something much simpler than F16,
something like 1/4th the cost and 1/3rd-1/5th the maint. hrs per
flying hr ... along the lines of the F20. Since US wasn't going to buy
it, they tried offering to foreign gov.s Then the F16 forces lobbied
congress to offer (directed appropriation) USAID to every candidate
country (that could only be used for F16 purchases). Foreign
govs. said that the F20 was much more appropriate for their uses, but
they would have to spend their own money on F20, while they could get
F16s for "free".

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning f20/tigershark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#2 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#25 Latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#30 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#45 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#1 OT:  Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#43 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#78 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#57 Boyd F15, F16, F20
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 22:00:46 -0800

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

Saddam proved that invading a US ally wasn't a reliable defense.

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis claiming huge
Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending
increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld replaces Colby with somebody (Bush1)
that will aggree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become
SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistent Cheney).

In the 80s, US support Iraq in the iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq., including
supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president and Cheney is SECDEF. Sat. photo
recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshalling forces to
invade Kuwait. White house said that saddam would do no such thing and
proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white
house that saddam was marshalling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the
white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and
one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of
Iraq policy). Originally justification was Iraq supported Al-Qaeda and
invasion would only costs $50B ... then the justification was changed
to WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the
Iraqis at the UN and given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the
Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card,
Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was
published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US
from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the
information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

the military-industrial-complex had wanted a war so badly that corporate
reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for
IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and
(directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of
modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders
were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to
going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

later large artilliary shells were showing up in IEDs and even taking
out Abrams M1 tanks
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

"The author takes the reader into the midst of the conflict in and
around Baqubah--Iraq's 'City of Death'--a campaign that lasted most of
2007. The author and his fellow Bonecrushers watched as the city went
from sectarian fighting amongst the Shiite and Sunnis, to an all-out
jihad against the undermanned and dangerously dispersed US forces
within Baqubah and the outlying areas."

... snip ...

the cost for the two perpetual wars is so far over $5T (with the long
term benefits) ... 100 times the original claim. The $60B in pallets of
shrink-wrapped $100 bills air lifted to Iraq used for bribes and tribute
(or just simply disappeared) is more than the original estimate cost for
the invasion.

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military-industrial-complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 06 Jan 2018 09:46:09 -0800

Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:

True. But the Powers That Be are used to making nicey-nice with tinpot
dictators (Franco, Reza Pahlavi, Duarte, the Saudi royal family, the
Argentine generals, Pinochet, the rulers of most of the -stans,whoever
controls the DRC at the moment, etc. Hitler was once included in that
group.).  To the Powers That Be, holding power makes you one of them.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

John Foster Dulles, 20s through the early 40s, played major role in
rebuilding Germany's economy and military
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:

In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their
investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan
of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His
ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the
beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as
minister of economics.

loc905-7:

Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell
quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not
just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric,
wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political
conditions.

loc938-40:

At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace
Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the
Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending
Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying
about Nazism

... snip ...

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria
with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do
business with the Nazis (and circumvent the neutrality laws)
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1925-29:

One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild
Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The
company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about
violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate
scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in
South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English
Channel into what Churchill thought would become "a river of blood,"
other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more
business with Hitler.

... snip ...

Intrepid also points finger at Ambassador ("papa") Kennedy ... they
start bugging the US embassy because classified information was leaking
to the Germans. They eventually identified a clerk as responsible but
couldn't prove ties to Kennedy. However Kennedy is claiming credit for
Chamberland capitulating to Hitler on many issues ... also making
speeches in Britain and the US that Britain could never win a war with
Germany and if he was president, he would be on the best of terms with
Hitler.

loc2645-52:

The Kennedys dined with the Roosevelts that evening. Two days later,
Joseph P. Kennedy spoke on nationwide radio. A startled public learned
he now believed "Franklin D. Roosevelt should be re-elected President."
He told a press conference: "I never made anti-British statements or
said, on or off the record, that I do not expect Britain to win the
war."

British historian Nicholas Bethell wrote: "How Roosevelt contrived the
transformation is a mystery." And so it remained until the BSC Papers
disclosed that the President had been supplied with enough evidence of
Kennedy's disloyalty that the Ambassador, when shown it, saw discretion
to be the better part of valor. "If Kennedy had been recalled sooner,"
said Stephenson later, "he would have campaigned against FDR with a fair
chance of winning. We delayed him in London as best we could until he
could do the least harm back in the States."

... snip ...

from the law of unintended consequences, the US 1943 Strategic Bombing
Program needed targets in Germany and got the targets and location
information from wallstreet.

Then 5000 industrialists from across the US had conference (also) at NYC
Waldorf-Astoria and in part because they had gotten such bad reputation
for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approved a major
propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity, in part in
the early 50s, it leads to "In God We Trust" on money and "under God" in
the allegiance.
http://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 06 Jan 2018 10:36:03 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

"Is Harvard Responsible For Rise of Putin" ... after the fall of the
soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were more intent on
looting the country. John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay,
Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true
proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an
extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional
Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard
faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and
resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier
university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be
capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to
scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting
framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself
acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in
Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers,
who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its
cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the
U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

"economic hit man" (also originates in cambridge) ... also sending
"capitalists" into loot countries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
https://www.amazon.com/New-Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B017MZ8EBM/

earlier "War Is A Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
https://www.amazon.com/War-Racket-Antiwar-Americas-Decorated-ebook/dp/B00P8OEFFY/

The World Crisis, Vol. 1, Churchill explains the mess in middle east
started before WW1 with move from 13.5in to 15in guns (which requires
moving from coal to oil) loc2012-14:

From the beginning there appeared a ship carrying ten 15-inch guns, and
therefore at least 600 feet long with room inside her for engines which
would drive her 21 knots and capacity to carry armour which on the
armoured belt, the turrets and the conning tower would reach the
thickness unprecedented in the British Service of 13 inches.

loc2087-89:

To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing
our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable
quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in
peace or war from distant countries.  loc2151-56: This led to enormous
expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was
absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward,
and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and
contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public
money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to
the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to
the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil
properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of
millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are
still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.

... snip ...

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persion contracts
... and then CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf
senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

... and then there is "desert storm" (Iraq was threatening to invade
Saudi Arabia) ... 17Jan-28Feb 1991 ... but only last 100hrs were land
war.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

GAO gulf war air effectiveness study had A10s so effectively taking out
Iraq tanks ... that the Iraqis crews were walking away because the tanks
were sitting ducks. Later reports of furious tanks battles with
coalition forces taking no damage, fail to mention whether the Iraqis
tanks had anybody home.

trivia: original land battle plan by Schwarzkopf jr, was frontal tank
slugfest ... however John Boyd was brought in and credited with the
"left hook" battle plan. The problem was that the US forces failed to
get into position and most of the Republican Guard manage to escape.  Of
the possible explanations was that Boyd just took the straight Abrams M1
tank specifications ... and failed to account for how tightly tethered
Abrams are to their supply and maintenance (enormously slowing them
down).

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

"War Is A Racket" references "perpetual war"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_war

... also: Domestic Roots Of Perpetual War
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html
and here
https://www3.nd.edu/~druccio/Spinney.pdf

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Jan 2018 10:36:39 -0800

a reminder came up that I had posted this URL (elsewhere) 8yrs ago today
(had been published at CHM on 7Jan2010)

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q07PhW5sCEk

the youtube page has references to lots of other vintage computer films.

as I've mentioned before, some of the CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

went to project mac on the 5th flr to do Multics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

and others went to the science center on the 4th flr and did virtual
machines, cp40, cp67, internal network, gml, lots of other performance,
online, interactive stuff. other posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 07 Jan 2018 11:45:31 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

Iran elected leader was going to review the Anglo-Persion contracts
... and then CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf
senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

... and from today

From Shahs To The CIA: The History Of Western Intervention In Iran -
Part 1
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-01-07/shahs-cia-history-western-intervention-iran-part-1

"The Empire Must Go On"

Once Europe erupted in world war, the British dispatched their armed
forced to refineries all over Iran in order to protect what they
considered their property - Iranian oil.  After the cessation of
hostilities in 1919, the British bribed and intimidated the new regime
of Ahmad Shah into accepting the terms of the much hated Anglo Persian
Agreement which in all but name, made Iran a protectorate of the British
Empire.  No longer would the Iranians control their own army,
transportation system, and communications network.  It all passed under
the control British occupiers and with it the last vestiges of Iranian
sovereignty. This once again ignited the fervent nationalist spirit
across Iran and new rounds of protests and opposition.

... snip ...

little drift, recently watched netflix's "Victory's House"
https://www.netflix.com/title/80191835

which puts blame for the violence during the partitioning on Churchill
and manipulating the situation.

going back further:

Churchill's Secret War: The British Empire and the Ravaging of India
during World War II
http://www.amazon.com/Churchills-Secret-War-British-Ravaging-ebook/dp/B003VTZXC2/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#62 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and unpopular reorganization
Date: 07 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

NSA's top talent is leaving because of low pay, slumping morale and
unpopular reorganization
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/the-nsas-top-talent-is-leaving-because-of-low-pay-and-battered-morale/2018/01/02/ff19f0c6-ec04-11e7-9f92-10a2203f6c8d_story.html

there was folklore that late 90s with the internet bubble ... crypto
salaries was increasing to the point that thousands would be at the
level requiring congressional approval ... which would result in
congress not doing anything else ... but hearings on agency employees.

After the turn of the century ... there was enormous uptic in
outsourcing to (frequently private-equity owned) for-profit companies
... some of it could have been because bumping up against salary level
requiring congressional approval. But even bigger factor was that
companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress
... but there was also big uptic in private-equity operations buying
up beltway bandits ... private-equity owners aren't under lobbying
restrictions. 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
the change last decade accelerated the rapidly spreading success of
failure culture ... make more from a series of faulures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

some IBM related ... AMEX was in competition with KKR for private
equity LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into some problem and
hires away the president of AMEX to help
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and is being re-orged into 13 "baby blues"
in preparation for breaking up the company. The board hires away the
former AMEX president who reverses the breakup and resurrects the
company ... using some of the same techniques as at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
IBM employee pension issues
http://www.ibmemployee.com/Highlights030802.shtml

then leaves to head up another private-equity company, Barbarians at
the Capitol: Private Equity, Public Enemy
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster

... snip ...

including acquiring the company that will employ Snowden. Comapanies
in the private-equity mill are frequently under enormous pressure to
cut corners to supply money to their private-equity owners;
private-equity owned companies with contracts for doing security
clearances were found to be filling out the paper work but not doing
the backgroud checks.

I was doing financial standards in the 90s and last decade ... and
there were agency participation in the crypto and security related
committees. One of the things we would agree on is requiring
multi-party involvement in high security operations ... like Snowden
SYSADM. After the Snowden event, the agency director had one press
conference where he mentioned possibly needing multi-party operations
for SYSADM (after apparently being eliminated with outsourcing cost
cutting) ... I made disparaging comments.

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 07 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

IBM OfficeVision
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_OfficeVision
1981 PROFS, 1983 release 2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_OfficeVision#Earlier_PROFS,_DISOSS_and_Office/36

PROFS itself was descended from an in-house system developed by IBM
Poughkeepsie laboratory. Poughkeepsie developed a primitive in-house
solution for office automation over the period 1970-1972;[7]:321-323
OFS (Office System), which evolved into PROFS, was developed by
Poughkeepsie laboratory as a replacement for that earlier system and
first installed in October 1974.[7]:327 Compared to Poughkeepsie's
original in-house system, the distinctive new features added by OFS
were a centralised database virtual machine (data base manager or DBM)
for shared permanent storage of documents, instead of storing all
documents in user's personal virtual machines;[

... snip ...

note any online version pre-1972 ... VM370 released 1972
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VM_(operating_system)
would have been CP67 (360/67) or (internal only) CP67i (CP67 modified
to run on 370/145) or CP67sj (CP67i with 3330 & 2305 device support)

EMAIL CTSS 1965-1973
http://multicians.org/thvv/anhc-34-1-anec.html
some of the CTSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System
went to the 5th flr, project MAC and did multics.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics
Others went to IBM science center on the 4th flr in 1965 and did
virtual machines, internal network, ported RUNOFF for CMS script,
invented GML in 1969 (and added GML tag processing to CMS script) and
numerous kinds of email.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

Profs group picked up a lot of internal tools as part of menu front
end. The email client was very early version of VMSG. When the vmsg
author offered them a significantly enhanced version, they tried to
get him fired (they had taken credit for everything in profs). The
whole thing quiets down after vmsg author shows that his initials are
in every profs email ... in non-displayed field. After that, he only
shared his source with me and one other person

some email from long ago and far away ... not necessarily PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html
Including some vmsg specific
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmsg

As an aside, much of stuff from 70-78 .. it was triple redundant
archived on three different tapes ... but all three were in IBM
Almaden tape library. In the mid 80s Almaden had operations problem
with random tapes being mounted as scratch

more trivia: virtual machines, the internal network (larger than
arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime
mid-80s), GML (invented in 1969, a decade later morphs into SGML,
another decade and morphs into HTML at CERN) ... lots of other things
... all done at the IBM Cambridge Science Center. The great
switch-over of arpanet/internet to internetnetworking protocol was
1jan1983. At the time arpanet/internet had approx 100 IMP networking
nodes and 255 connected hosts ... when the internal network was
rapidly approaching 1000 nodes. This is old post with list of
corporate locations around the world that added one or more network
nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

scientific center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#internalnet

It appeared that everybody but ollie got presidential pardons
https://www.thenation.com/article/the-first-email-scandal-long-before-hillary-clinton-iran-contra/
... when he was vice-president he repeatedly claimed he knew nothing
about it because he was full-time administration point person
deregulating the financial industry causing the S&L crises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Then when he was president, his lawyers gave the special counsel
"forgotten" documents showing he had run the operation (remember
besides previously being VP, he had also been director of CIA).

recent posts mentioning profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#43 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#88 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#89 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#108 Some (IBM-related) History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#8 IBM email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#36 Whitehouse EMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#68 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#98 360 & Series/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#74 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#78 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#80 The ICL 2900 Buying a computer in the 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#70 IBM online systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#8 Mainframe Networking problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#67 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#73 Demolishing the Tile Turtle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#27 little old mainframes, Re: Was it ever worth it?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In Praise of Hierarchy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: In Praise of Hierarchy
Date: 07 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

In Praise of Hierarchy
https://www.wsj.com/articles/in-praise-of-hierarchy-1515175338

my standard/periodic ... when Boyd was briefing Organic Design For
Command and Control ... he would talk about US corporations being
contaminated by former military officers heavily steeped in top-down,
rigid command and control. This is supposedly (at least) from US entry
into WW2 where they had to mobilize enormous numbers with little or no
experience and needing to leverage the few skills
available. Hierarchy/networked discussion is also periodic obfuscation
regarding delegating authority. This came up in discussion last decade
about ratio of executive to worker compenstation had spiked to over
400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time (and 10:1 in much of the
rest of the world) ... aka only the very top executives have the
skills necessary to make a decision.

Boyd's reference was about WW2. More recent Boyd&Beyond example was
patrol came under hostile fire from town central sq and they called in
artillery. By the time artillery was able to find col. with authority,
the hostiles had left and the locals had wandered back into the square
(lots of collateral deaths). There were references to pervasive
officer risk adverse (afraid somebody in their command will make a
mistake).

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd started Organic Design For Command and Control in the
early 80s about the time articles also started appearing about MBAs
destroying US corporations ... top executives focusing on cutting
costs to improve stock prices ...

also The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers
Our Future (Joseph E. Stiglitz) pg35/loc1169-73:

In business school we teach students how to recognize, and create,
barriers to competition -- including barriers to entry -- that help
ensure that profits won't be eroded. Indeed, as we shall shortly see,
some of the most important innovations in business in the last three
decades have centered not on making the economy more efficient but on
how better to ensure monopoly power or how better to circumvent
government regulations intended to align social returns and private
rewards.

... snip ...

Basically running any large public company becoming matter of managing
stock market. This century, Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The
Corruption of Capitalism in America", IBM just one of many examples
... pg464/loc9995-10000:

IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall
Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on
steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company
spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure
that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:

Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82
billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year
period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital
investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also
shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by
nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

Also one of my periodic rants about PDCA being something taught in
business school as opposed to OODA ... although when I first saw PDCA
it wasn't iterative, used for MBA/consultants given formula process
that can be applied to any business/industry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDCA

also 6-sigma, iso9000, ... but that didn't stop them from trying to
claim certifications for non volume manufacturing operations.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_9000
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Sigma

Jack Welch made it central to his business strategy at General
Electric in 1995.

... snip ...

.... topic drift, Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline
of America, 1970 to the Present, pg199/loc3909-13:

GE Capital also enabled GE to manage its quarterly earnings, engaging
in the last couple of weeks of every calendar quarter in various
trades that could push earnings up on the last day or two before the
quarter's end. It was an open secret on Wall Street that this was how
Welch consistently kept quarterly earnings rising for years at a
time. "Though earnings management is a no-no among good governance
types," wrote two CNNMoney financial editors, "the company has never
denied doing it, and GE Capital is the perfect mechanism."

pg200/loc3925-30:

The CNNMoney writers got it slightly wrong. GE was not exactly like
the American economy. It was even more dependent on financial
services. In the early 2000s, GE was again riding a financial wave,
the subprime mortgage lending boom; it had even bought a subprime
mortgage broker. GE borrowed still more against equity to exploit the
remarkable opportunities, its triple-A rating giving it a major
competitive advantage. By 2008, the central weakness of the Welch
business strategy, its dependence on financial overspeculation, became
ominously clear. GE's profits plunged during the credit crisis and its
stock price fell by 60 percent. GE Capital, the main source of its
success for twenty-five years, now reported enormous losses

pg200/pg3935-41:

He mostly stopped trying to create great new products, hence the
reduction in R&D. He took the heart out of his businesses, he did not
put it in, as he had always hoped to do. What made his strategy
possible, and fully shaped it, was the rising stock market--and the
new ideology that praised free markets even as they failed.

... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 07 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs

"The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World" loc2752-54:

Pollard had accidentally "busted the most secret White House operation
of modern times," as one account put it. "Neither Pollard nor the
government of Israel was aware that they had smashed George Bush's
first shipment of arms to Iran."

loc2764-65:

Despite his best efforts to silence Pollard, Weinberger would not
escape his own entanglement in the Iran-Contra conspiracy, for which
he would ultimately face criminal charges.

... snip ...

they then go after (PROFS) email and get to Oliver North.

In the 70s, 3270 terminal allocation was part of annual budget and
required VP sign-off. Around 1980, there was rumor that senior
executives were using email to communicate ... and middle-management
started preempting 3270 terminal allocation to be placed on their desk
.... trying to create impression that they were also "computer
literate" ... however, most of them would spend the day just powered
on with logo or menu burning into screen (and email actually being
handled by some assistant).

This continued, early 90s was still going on with middle management
rerouting PS2/486/8514 machines to their desks (as "computer literate"
status symbols) ... with 3270 emulation images still being burned into
screens (and assistants still handling email).

Note the VMSG author (comments in previous post using early version of
VMSG) also did parasite/story .... a pre-IBM/PC & pre-HLLAPI
terminal emulation that ran in CMS transient area. It leveraged the
psuedo-device support used by passthru for virtual 3270s. Parasite/story
could create programmed 3270s on the same machine or leverage passthru
to create them on other machines in the network. past posts with
description of parasite/story and a couple simple examples
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35
story example that logs into retain and retrieves updates/fixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#36

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 08 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs

post attempting to recreate the (internal IBM) 1981 xmas exec that
blinked color lights on 3279
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54

xmas tree (virus) ... 1987
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Tree_EXE
... predates internet morris worm by year
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_worm

co-worker at the science center was responsible for the internal
network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the
beginning until sometime mid-80s). similar technology was used for the
corporate sponsored university network (also for a time larger than
arpanet/internet), bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and EARN in europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network
trivia: old email from IBM'er charged with doing EARN (had also done
stint at science center)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850607

The History of the Grid: Comments invited
http://www.ianfoster.org/wordpress/2014/01/01/history-of-the-grid/
Grid Computing
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

we had been working with NSF and various players and were suppose to
get $20M to tie together the NSF supercomputer centers ... then
congress cut the funding and some other things happened ... eventually
they released a RFP (in part based on what we already had running)
.... however internal politics prevented us from bidding ... director
of NSF tried to help and wrote a letter to the company (with support
from other agencies) ... but that just made the internal politics
worse (as did comment about what we already had running was at least
5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into
the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern
internet ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

scientific center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
bitnet (&/or EARN) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 08 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#21 IBM Profs

before XAGENT (& TELL) server, I wrote exec that you could leave
disconnected in your VM userid that exchange email and messages
between your VM userid and designated TCP/IP workstation. Started out
as converting all sorts of VM email formats and SMTP/822 format. I
then started adding all sorts of additional features like being able
to query PROFS calendars over the corporate network (from TCP/IP
workstation).


Date: FRI, 09/25/87 08:21:17 PDT
From: WHEELER@ALMVMA
To: xxxxx@ALMVMA

re: remail; here is a new version for testing ... also trivial
interface for remote profs calender support. remail will accept
message from "RT designated as the forward to address" and instead of
treating it as mail, take the contents of the 822 Subject: field and
execute it as a cms command. For instance if you send your "remailer"
a message with the following subject line:

Subject: xrosscal <nodeid> <userid>

it will execute xrosscal and send a request to <nodeid> X$CAL$X for
<userid>'s calender for the next 7 days. X$CAL$X returns it as a profs
note to the requester, which then REMAIL will automatically forward to
your RT.

... snip ... top of post, old email index


Date: 21 October 1987, 23:01:32 PDT
From: xxxxxx at ALMVMA
To: WHEELER at ALMVMA
Subject: REMAIL

Hi, just thought I'd let you know what's up....

Yorktown has a program called XAGENT that they use to route files
around the site.  XAGENT consists of an RSCS linedriver, a couple of
minor CP mods, and a service machine.  Together these components form
the "WATSON" pseudo-node; files sent via RSCS to node "WATSON" are
simply TRANSFERred to the XAGENT service machine by RSCS; XAGENT can
then re-TAG them and transfer them back to RSCS, or can redirect them
to SMTP.  In this way, files sent to "user at WATSON" are routed to
the actual node where the user wants to get his files.

XAGENT can route files via SMTP, so files sent to "user at WATSON" can
wind up on a workstation transparently.  BUT...XAGENT assumes the
existence of a pre-release SMTP which can handle incoming reader files
in formats other than BSMTP.  We don't have that, and probably won't
for 3 or 4 more months.

I'm in the process of installing this stuff here; the generic node
"ALMADEN" has been registered with the VNET CMC and is already in
place on the backbone.  XAGENT's not running yet, so don't send
anything there!  My thought is that I'll fix up XAGENT to use the
REMAIL XEDIT from your distribution intact, and will merge function
similar to REMAIL EXEC into XAGENT itself.

So, if you're planning any changes in the relationship between REMAIL
EXEC and XEDIT, or any calling sequence changes, I'd be curious to
know.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

there was big dustup with communication group over releasing the
original (mainframe) TCP/IP product ... what finally got released only
got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using 3090 processor. I did the
enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research
between 4341 and Cray, got channel-mbyte/sec sustained using only
modest amount of 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement
in bytes moved per instructions executed).

rfc1044 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Profs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Profs
Date: 08 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#20 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#21 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#22 IBM Profs

23Jun1969 unbundling announcement resulted in starting to charge for
(application) software (although they managed to make the case that
operating system/kernel software should still be free), SE services,
etc. One of the issues was part of SE training was sort of journeyman
program with new SEs part of large group at customer account. After
unbundling, they couldn't figure out how to not charge for these
trainee SEs at customer accounts.

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Eventually they came up with HONE (hands-on network environment)
... CP67 (precursor to VM370) datacenters with virtual machine access
from branch offices for guest operating system practice. The science
center had also ported APL\360 to CMS for CMS\APL and HONE also
started to offer a lot of APL-based sales&marketing support
applications (like configurators) ... and eventually the
sales&marketing support applications came to dominate all HONE use and
the guest operating system use withered away.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

One of my hobbies was enhanced production operating systems for
internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer. As HONE started
to spread around the world in the 70s, I was asked to do many of the
early installs (one of my 1st overseas trips after joining IBM was
HONE for EMEA hdqtrs move from the US to Paris). Later in the 80s, as
branch offices use of HONE for other things started to stress the
resources, they started to install the VM/4341 "IC" systems in branch
offices. Trivia: in the mid-70s, all US HONE datacenters were
consolidated in Palo Alto (silicon valley) ... when FACEBOOK initially
moves into Silicon Valley it was into new bldg. next to the old US
HONE datacenter. There was a joke after my move from the science
center to SJR in 1977, that I worked four shift week; 1st shift at SJR
(bldg28), 2nd shift at disk engineering & product test
(bldgs. 14&15), 3rd shift at STL (bldg 90) and 4th shift
(weekends) at HONE up in Palo Alto.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 09 Jan 2018 18:02:40 -0800

hancock4 writes:

Timesharing was the holy grail of the computer industry in the
1960s and 1970s.  But it never caught on quite as expected.  For
one thing, it was still quite expensive, including the cost
of the terminal (usually a Teletype 33).

Ironically, the Teletype 33 was seen as the "cheap terminal" since
it was a new, lower cost design, cheaper than past teletypes
and designed for light-duty service.  I don't know what would've
happened to the industry if a truly inexpensive terminal and
on-line service emerged in the 1960s--probably a lot more home
and small business users.

General Electric offered a full service time sharing network.  Also,
some small concerns bought an HP-2000 (a very good machine) and offered
timesharing through that.  I think IBM had "Call/360", and of course
APL ran as a timesharing system.  There were, of course, numerous
other systems.  (We used one on the CDC.)

As an aside, the NYT says the first time sharing connection
was provided between New York City and Boston by Western Union
on its Telex network.  As mentioned, Western Union hoped to be
the country's data carrier, but things didn't work out that way.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

there were a couple CP/67 spinoffs from science center and lincoln
labs as commercial online service bureaus ... but fairly quickly
moved up the value stream targeting wallstreet and financial
industry.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VP/CSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_CSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interactive_Data_Corporation

then there was tymshare out on the west coast with vm/370
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

and some 4GL competition
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

and similarly, original sql/relational was done at SJR/bldg28 on vm370
370/145 ... and made available to some early adopter companies ...
including bank of america. There was then technology transfer to
Endicott where it was released as sql/ds.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_SQL/DS

then with implosion of the mainstream new DBMS "EAGLE" project, there
was migration to MVS, released as DB2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_DB2

tymshare also started offering there cms based computer conferencing
free to (the IBM user group) SHARE starting in Aug1976 ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

late 70s/early 80s, large numbers of midrange machines were sold. decade
of DEC VAX sales, sliced & diced by year, model, US/non-US,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

shortly after mid-80s, numbers show mid-range were started to be
replaced by PCs & workstation. IBM 4300 midrange sold into midrange
market in similar numbers as DEC VAX ... for small unit orders .... big
difference was large corporate orders of multiple hundreds at a time
... for placing out in departmental areas ... sort of leading edge of
coming distributed computing tsunami.

also, early 1979, I was asked to do benchmarks on 4341 engineering
machines for LLNL that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute
farm ... sort of leading edge of coming cluster supercomputing
(and cloud computing).

science center postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
(virtual machine base) online commercial service bureau posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online
system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

faltering of online commercial service bureau can be seen
with the sale of TYMSHARE to M/D in 1984
http://www.nytimes.com/1984/02/28/business/mcdonnell-to-buy-tymshare.html

trivia: I was brought in to evaluate capability-based GNOSIS operating
system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html
for spinoff to KeyLogic becoming KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
Date: 10 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About
Privatization
http://www.newsweek.com/2017/09/15/donald-trump-infrastructure-plan-mike-pence-privatization-658403.html

Milton Friedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Friedman

Friedman promoted an alternative macroeconomic viewpoint known as
"monetarism", and argued that a steady, small expansion of the money
supply was the preferred policy.[12] His ideas concerning monetary
policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation influenced government
policies, especially during the 1980s.

... snip ...

The Architect Of Trickle Down Economics Finally Put In His Place
http://addictinginfo.com/2013/06/30/the-architect-of-trickle-down-economics-finally-put-in-his-place/
What the Corporate News Media Doesn't Want You to Know About The
Republican Party Tax Cuts for the Super Rich Who Control Their
Political Party
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2017/12/02/what-the-corporate-news-media-doesnt-want-you-to-know-about-the-republican-party-tax-cuts-for-the-super-rich/
The Origin Of 'The World's Dumbest Idea': Milton Friedman
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2013/06/26/the-origin-of-the-worlds-dumbest-idea-milton-friedman/#6f17ccc9870e
Economists give up on Milton Friedman's biggest idea
http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20160726/OPINION/160729868/economists-give-up-on-milton-friedmans-biggest-idea
Milton Friedman: a study in failure
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/nov/16/post650
Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-12/milton-friedman-s-cherished-theory-is-laid-to-rest

Even now, when economic models have become far more complex than
anything in Friedman's time, economists still go back to Friedman's
theory as a mental touchstone -- a fundamental intuition that guides
the way they make their models. My first macroeconomics professor
believed in it deeply and instinctively, and would even bring it up in
department seminars.

... snip ...

The Champions of the 401(k) Lament the Revolution They Started
http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-champions-of-the-401-k-lament-the-revolution-they-started-1483382348?mod=e2fb
Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts,
Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2

loc1200-1206:

There are plenty of examples from other countries to copy: the US
individual retirement account system is based on the Chilean pension
reform of 1980/81 that in turn was based heavily on proposals made in
the book Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman. In response to the
Chilean system facing a likely collapse in a few decades time, it was
substantially overhauled in 2008 to require mandatory participation of
all citizens in exchange for universal pension coverage.

loc72-74:

"Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the
troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award -- winning documentary Inside
Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to
adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared
with other disciplines."

... snip ...

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar
to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

"The Undoing Project" goes into some detail how Kahneman and Tversky
disproved economists' assumption that people make rational decisions
... loc1155-59:

He had listened to an American economist talk about how so-and-so was
stupid and so-and-so was a fool, then said, "All your economic models
are premised on people being smart and rational, and yet all the
people you know are idiots."

... snip ...

Kahneman (a psychologist) gets 2002 Nobel prize in economics, in part
for debunking Friedman and other cherished economic theories
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman

Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert
panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by
financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating
financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member then presides over the economic mess last
decade, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. S&L crisis had 1000
criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess
should have 70,000.

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 10:29:04 -0800

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

The cloud is timesharing?  I thought it was a  data repository. There
is a huge difference.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Amazon cloud products
https://aws.amazon.com/

computer, storage, database, migration, networking & content delivery,
developer tools, management tools, media services, security, identity &
compliance, analytics, machine learning, mobile services, AR & VR,
application integration, customer engagement, business productivity,
desktop & app streaming, internet of things, game development, .... more

...

more detail about "elastic container service"
https://aws.amazon.com/ecs/

Containers without Infrastructure Management

Amazon ECS features AWS Fargate, so you can deploy and manage containers
without having to manage any of the underlying infrastructure. With AWS
Fargate technology, you no longer have to select Amazon EC2 instance
types, provision, and scale clusters of virtual machines to run
containers or schedule containers to run on clusters and maintain their
availability. Fargate enables you to focus on building and running the
application and not the underlying infrastructure.  Containerize
Everything

Amazon ECS lets you easily build all types of containerized
applications, from long-running applications and microservices to batch
jobs and machine learning applications. You can migrate legacy Linux or
Windows applications from on-premises to the cloud and run them as
containerized applications using Amazon ECS.

... snip ...

... and I've posted in the past news articles about people using credit
card to spin-up on-demand "supercomputer" for an hour or two (w/o having
to contact any human person at Amazon).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#6 Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#41 Are rotating register files still a bad idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#70 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#51 Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#48 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 10:53:32 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

Amazon ECS features AWS Fargate, so you can deploy and manage containers
without having to manage any of the underlying infrastructure. With AWS
Fargate technology, you no longer have to select Amazon EC2 instance
types, provision, and scale clusters of virtual machines to run

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

aka "back to the future" ... virtual machine online commercial service bureau
spin-offs of the science center and lincoln labs in the 60s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

they would run clusters of 360/67 (i.e. ibm mainframe loosely-coupled)
... moved to 370s by the mid-70s. As part of 7x24 operation
... including handling scheduled downtime mainframe maintenance,
processors, controllers, disks, etc ... they enhanced virtual machine
support to non-disruptive move virtual machines between systems in the
cluster.

after the IBM US HONE datacenters were consolidated in Palo Alto in the
mid-70s, US HONE did similar cluster enhancements and then in the early
80s replicated Palo Alto datacenter first in dallas and then 3rd one in
Boudler ... with disaster survivability and fall-over ... not only
within members of cluster within the same datacenter but across the
three replicated datacenters.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

unfortunately the US HONE cluster support wasn't released to customer.
old post ... from the annals of don't release software before its time
... some VM/370 cluster support was released 30yrs later ...  from the
end of last decade.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

the above references both the HA/CMP cluster scaleup work from 1990
being released circa 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

and z/vm cluster support 2009 ... 30 years after being done for HONE
vm370 production operation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 12:15:54 -0800

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

My first job was as a programmer in a small service bureau in the
early '70s.  Our clients were small- to medium-sized companies that
couldn't afford a computer of their own.  We had a home-grown suite
of applications that handled most of our customers' requirements,
but I also wrote a wide variety of custom programs to meet specialized
requirements, in addition to maintaining existing code.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#27 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

sophmore had intro to computer class ... then junior, univ. hired me
fulltime to be responsible for ibm production mainframe systems. then
before I graduate, I'm brought in as fulltime employee at Boeing hdqtrs
(CFO office) as part of forming Boeing Computer Services (consolidate
all dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the
investment ... including offering dataprocessing services to non-Boeing
entities). I thought Renton datacenter possibly largest in the world
($200m-$300M in IBM gear, 60s dollars). When I was brought in, 360/65s
were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes were constantly
staged in the hallways around the machine room. Boeing was looking at
replicating Renton up at the new 747 plant at Paine Field (there was
disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer warms up and the resulting mud slide
takes out Renton datacenter). When I graudate, I join the IBM science
center at MIT (rather than staying at Boeing).

trivia: later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings. He had been very vocal
about electronics across the trail not working ... possibly as
punishment, he was put in charge of "spook base" (about the same time I
was at Boeing). Boyd biography claims "spook base" was $2.5B windfall for
IBM (ten times Renton). "Spook base" reference ... gone 404 but lives on
at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
Date: 11 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Black & Blue: IBM hires Bain to cut costs, up productivity
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/01/11/ibm_gts_2018_consult/

Bain
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bain_Capital

private equity notorious for extracting every cent possible.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

remember the IBM CEO in the 90s came from private equity
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
... and then back to private equity.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Movies with DEC minis was Cray Supercomputers?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 15:57:53 -0800

Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:

Speaking of code on the screen, I single-stepped through part of a Max
Headroom episode when I noticed C code scrolling up a screen.  It turned
out to be just a routine to convert a string of digits to an integer variable.

I've mentioned before a visit to madrid science center ... they were
digitizing a lot of old documents preparing for anniv. of 1492.

one night went to cinema and they had short film that had been done at
the univ.  in the film, upstairs apartment had one wall that was solid
bank of tvs ... flr to ceiling, edge to edge ... all constantly
scrolling identical text. I recognized scrolling text as vm/370 loadmap
... what is worse I recognized the release/version and PLC level
(monthly update).

From CP67 days, vm370 still used a modified version of the BPS loader to
load the module TXT decks which were then written to disk (for
IPL). VM370 multi-level source update process would add to the front of
the assembly generated txt, recrods giving filename date/time of the
assembler file, all macro libraries and all source update files. The
modified BPS loader treated all these extraneous records as comments and
included them in the loadmap. IBM vm370 customer support distributed
monthly "PLC" tapes with all accumulated source udpates.

a few old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#66 line length (was Re: Babble from "JD" <dyson@jdyson.com>)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#35 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#39 CMS update
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#40 IBM 7094 Emulator - An historic moment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#17 Google loves "e"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#24 Need Help filtering out sporge in comp.arch

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 16:13:37 -0800

Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:

She never mentioned (or I've long forgotten) any names or jargon terms
(other than "timeshare") associated with the hardware or operating
system.

Someone who was there at the time can expand on or correct my 66 year
old recollection.  By that description, timeshare could be seen as a
narrow, limited subset of our present notion od "the cloud".

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

as I've periodically mentioned, some of the MIT CTSS people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

went to 5th flr for Project MAC to do MULTICS ... others went to the
science center on the 4th flr and did virtual machines, cp40, cp67,
internal network, GML (invented in 1969), other stuff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

more CTSS/7094
http://multicians.org/thvv/7094.html

Early Time-Sharing at MIT

MIT professors, such as Herb Teager and Marvin Minsky, wanted more
access to the machine, like they had had on Whirlwind in the fifties and
the TX-0 in the sixties, and quicker return of their results from their
FMS jobs. Professor John McCarthy wrote an influential memo titled "A
Time Sharing Operator Program for Our Projected IBM 709" dated January
1, 1959, that proposed interactive time-shared debugging. These desires
led to time-sharing experiments, such as Teager's "time-stealing system"
and "sequence break mode," which allowed an important professor's job to
interrupt a running job, roll its core image out to tape, make a quick
run, and restore the interrupted job. McCarthy's Reminiscences on the
History of Time Sharing describes his and Teager's role in the
beginnings of time-sharing. Teager and McCarthy presented a paper titled
"Time-Shared Program Testing" at the ACM meeting in August 1959.

CTSS development had started in 1961, led by Corby, Bob Daley, and
Marjorie Merwin-Daggett. A version of CTSS that swapped four users to
tape was demonstrated on MIT's IBM 709 in November of 1961. This system
could support four Friden Flexowriter terminals directly connected to an
I/O channel of the computer. CTSS was described in a paper at the 1962
Spring Joint Computer Conference, even though the software wasn't quite
working on the IBM 7090. Much of the CTSS research was funded by US
National Science Foundation grants to the Computation Center.
Development continued through 1962 and 1963, and system capabilities and
usage continued to expand. Service to MIT users began in the summer of
1963

... snip ...

other CTSS
http://multicians.org/thvv/tvv7094.html
http://multicians.org/thvv/ctss-acct-doc.pdf
http://web.mit.edu/Saltzer/www/publications/ctss.html
https://www.csail.mit.edu/ctss-documents
http://people.csail.mit.edu/saltzer/CTSS/CTSS-Documents/RPQs/RPQs.html
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html

other posts in thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#27 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 19:33:04 -0800

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

But it is also legitimate to point out that just building more public
transport capacity will not automatically ensure that it will be
used. Attempts that have failed spectacularly, leading to large
numbers of nearly-empty buses and trains, certainly can be cited as
indicating that some efforts being made are futile.

santa clara valley light rail (useage) was (in part) justified on
carrying workers between south valley and jobs mid-peninsula in elapsed
time that was predicated on everything would be off-grade crossings
(i.e. light-rail and auto traffic wouldn't obstruct each other).

then later as cost cutting move, they eliminated numerous off-grade
crossings ... negating a lot of the original justification.

past "off-grade crossing" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#25 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#63 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#46 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#48 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#75 Soups

some bus makers folklore ... paying to have various streetcar/trolley
systems shutdown

General Motors streetcar conspiracy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Motors_streetcar_conspiracy
The GM Trolley Conspiracy: What Really Happened
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-gm-trolley-conspiracy-what-really-happened/
General Motors' Destruction of California Transit Systems
http://moderntransit.org/ctc/ctc06.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 13 Jan 2018 11:52:33 -0800

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

You are using "task" in two different ways here.  There is the task-based
operating system philosophy which doesn't have anything to do with the
"tasks" a user proscribes.

A task-based philosophy doesn't allow interrupts to stop the current
job from running.  The OS "finishes the current task, dismisses it,
and then goes to the queue to execute the next task".  (of course
there are exceptions.)  A timesharing philosophy includes the option
to stop runnning the current job when an interrupt occurs.  The OS
will do a context switch from the running job to the one causing
the interrupt.  Note that an interrupt includes the clock which
gives a timeslice to the current job.

Another difference is how the next job to run gets picked from
the queues.

I've observed that the personality traits of a developer influences
the way an OS works.  For example, the control freaks tend to
write task-based OS philosophy because they abhor changing in
midstream.  This kind of philosophy is good for certain computing
usages and bad for other usages.  If the goal of a computer system
is to provide general computing services to many users, a timesharing
philosophy works better.  If a computer system is to be used to
run (what IBM called) batch jobs, then a task-based philosophy
works better.

I've characterized it slightly differently ... there are lots of
step-by-step serial, sequential state change ... they tended to have
great deal of trouble understanding dynamic adaptive as well as
concurrent, asynchronous, multiprocessor operation. I've had people from
exclusive step-by-step serial, sequential state change orientation (say
low level device driver or interrupt handler) not being able to
understand what is going on with dynamic adaptive code.

there is the issue of "pre-emption" ... not necessarily just
timer-based.  an "interactive" task can go into wait-state waiting from
terminal/keyboard input ... and can pre-empt an existing running, lower
priority task. that is in addition to regular timer events that may
interrupt and pre-empt an existing running task and switch to another
task.

original CP67 release one had high overhead strategy (but w/o any sort
of page thrashing control). At had ten level queuing structure ...
keyboard interrupt would put task in highest level queue that had a very
short timer limit (and pre-empt execution of any task running at lower
queue level). Within a queue, execution allocation was round
robin. Tasks that ran to their timer limit would be dropped to the next
lower level that had longer timer execution limit (until they got to the
lowest level, all tasks at the lowest level queue level would continue
execute round-robin for that levels timer limit or until some task in
higher level pre-empted execution).

release 2 had modification by Lincoln Labs which went to purely two
level execution queue and pending "wait" queue for page thrashing
control. Keyboard interrupt for task would put it into queue1 and all
tasks in queue1 would run round-robin with very short time "quantum"
until they accumulated a queue1 "time-slice", at which time they would
dorp into pending queue (used for page thrashing control) and scheduled
for "runqueue2" when there was real storage available. Within runqueue2,
execution was for quanta time-slice at which time it would round-robin
between those in runqueue2 ... until queue2 time-slice was accumulated
... and which time it would be dropped into (bottom) pending queue and
moved back to runqueue when real storage was available.

Lincoln Labs page thrashing control wasn't dynamic working set based. It
was based on avg. real stroage required by Lincoln Labs fortran compile
& executions, total system real stroage was divided by that number
giving the max. number of concurrent tasks that could be in the run
queue. If that number was exceeded, they were held in the pending queue.

At the university I rewrote a large amount of CP67, lots of
significantly shortened pathlengths, ordered seek queueing for disk I/O
(rather than FIFO) and scheduled chained page I/O requests to maximize
transfers per revoultion (rather than single page transfer per I/O that
resulted in avg 1/2 revolution delay per transfer). These and bits and
pieces of misc other stuff were picked up and shipped in release 3.

I had also done dynamic calculated number of pages required for each
task (working set) and moved tasks from pending queue to run queue based
on the sum of working sets less than total real storage (rather than
just a fixed maximum numberr of tasks). I also did several minute
running avg. of resource utilization and calculated fair share resource
utilization. Default queue ordering was based on fair share resource
utilization. These were viewed as much more complex and weren't included
and shipped to customers until release 3.1.

The cp67/vm370 group was split-off from the science center and started
on partial rewrite that including eliminating and/or significantly
simplifying the more complex stuff in cp67 (including nearly all my
fastpath and dynamic adaptive stuff).

Release 1, PLC9 they let me put some of the fastpath stuff back into
VM370.

I was then at the science center and still making enhancements to CP67
and making productions systems available to internal datacenters. I
then started effort to migrate much of the rest of CP67 features
to VM370 ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

during this period, much of the vm370 group had been redirected to
Future System activities ... FS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

then with FS imploding there was mad rush to get stuff back into the
370 product pipelines. This contributed to decision to pick up a lot
of stuff from CSC/VM for inclusion in vm370 release 3. However, there
was also decision to make a lot of the stuff as guinea pig ... for
separately charge kernel software (part of transition to charging for
all kernel software) ... packaged as vm370 add-on starting with
Release 3 PLC9.

dyanamic adaptive posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
working set/clock posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#15 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#24 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#26 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#27 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#28 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#31 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 14 Jan 2018 12:33:26 -0800

Andreas Kohlbach <ank@spamfence.net> writes:

Nice, sort of.

Should encourage the Governments to lower booze prices to fight crime. ;-)

my periodic comments about business trips to Sweden ... where comments
about serious culture drinking problems ... alcohol was controlled by
government alcohol stores with excessive high prices to discourage
drinking.

i hypothesized that the government store TV advertisements for huge
sales was encouraging government revenue (& drinking rather than
discouraging drinking). a couple old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#38 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#1 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

the "Architecture Bizarre" post also references that by 1900 alchohol
and tobacco taxes represented 43% of (US) federal revenue. Supposedly
introduction of income tax was part of the move off running the
government on alchohol & tobacco.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: AW: Re: Number of Cylinders per Volume
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 14 Jan 2018 16:22:55 -0800

0000000433f07816-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Paul Gilmartin) writes:

Solaris has somthing of the sort.  I've occasionally got "File is temporarily unavailable."
Fifteen seconds later it opens.

IBM is just behind the curve.

isn't that part of what ADSM/TSM is suppose to do
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Tivoli_Storage_Manager#Data_Sources

Other data injectors include policy-based hierarchical storage
management (HSM) components for AIX, Linux and Windows. These allow
migration of data from production disk into one or more of the TSM
storage hierarchies while maintaining transparent access to that data by
the use of DMAPI or NTFS reparse points.

... snip ...

I had originally done the implementation in the late 70s for
internal datacenters as CMSBACK ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cmsback
and posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#backup

it went thru a number of internal releases before being enhanced for
supporting distributed computing (workstations, unix PCs, etc) and
released to customers as workstation data save (WDSF).

It was then picked up by AdStar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adstar

becoming ADSM, i.e. IBM was being re-orged into the 13 baby blues in
preparation for breaking up the company, the disk division was one of
the business units that was furthest along. I've frequently mentioned
that the disk division in the late 80s had been claiming that the
communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the
disk division ... becuase of it constantly vetoing disk division
advanced support for real distributed computing (communicatio group
trying to preserve the communication dumb termainal paradigm and install
base) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

trivia: we did some distributed computing & open system projects with
the adstar VP of software, who also funded the original project
supporting POSIX on MVS.
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.1.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r1.idan400/cpn2co70.htm

but were almost constantly at war with the communication group.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

When did the home computer die?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: When did the home computer die?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jan 2018 11:00:57 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#48 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#52 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?

for a decade or more, large cloud operators have claimed that they
assemble their own servers at 1/3rd the price of brand name vendors
(possibly contributing to IBM selling off its server business). the
drastic drop in their server costs also contributes to environmentals
becoming an increasing percentage of the cost of their megadatacenters
(and increasing focus on green megadatacenters).

then a couple years ago, major cpu chip vendors started saying that they
were shipping over half of their server chips directly to large cloud
megadatacenters (where they assemble their own systems).

from today:

Facebook and Amazon are causing a memory shortage; Demand for DRAM is
soaring thanks to the explosive growth in hyperscale data centers,
creating a shortage and causing prices to increase.
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3247775/servers/facebook-and-amazon-are-causing-a-memory-shortage.html

According to DRAMeXchange, a division of market researcher TrendForce,
the price of server DRAM will continue to rise as the supply remains
tight in the first quarter of this year. The server DRAM market has seen
tight supply since the third quarter of last year due to massive
construction projects by the data center market, especially the
hyperscale data centers, data centers that are bigger than a football
field.

...

The cloud demands more capacity, and this has given rise to massive
hyperscale data centers. A hyperscale data center is defined by IDC as
having a minimum of 5,000 servers and covers at least 10,000 square feet
in size, but often is much larger. A recent report by Synergy Research
said there are nearly 400 hyperscale data centers around globe, with the
majority located in the U.S. That number is expected to top 500 in the
next two years.

... snip ...

the big megadatacenter claim over half million servers (factor of 100
times greater), multiple million cores/processors, and run by staff of
80-120 people (ratio of 5,000+ servers per person).

Note that press about over half of server cpu chips going directly to
megadatacenters ... also had item about Amazon was specifying custom
modified/designed server chips (custom server chip manufacturing runs)

Top 10 data center predictions: IDC; Smarter infrastructure, workload
rationalization, as-a-service procurement on tap for data centers
worldwide
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3242807/data-center/top-10-data-center-predictions-idc.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
Date: 15 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

A Methodology for Identifying lessons learned
http://nro.gov/history/csnr/articles/docs/LL_Methodology_Nov_2015.pdf
The Foundations of Innovation (Part 2 of 5): Ideas
http://cimsec.org/foundations-innovation-part-2-5-ideas/13427

... also in Boyd's briefings on OODA-loop he would say that it was
necessary to observe from every possible facet (as countermeasure to
orientation bias).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

part of systemic cataloging all the steps and then going around
talking to specific people for each of the steps putting together a
systemic view.

plus some that is analogous to "management by wandering around"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_by_wandering_around

in past organizational discussions we've had discussions about two
classes of people, those that view the world as lots of cubbyholes
.... and those that view the world as holistic systems. I've
frequently found it impossible to get cubbyhole people to move to
holistic systems view.

also "can't see the forest for the trees" ... the forest people are
also much likely to see the trees that aren't there (but should be)
and the trees that are there (but shouldn't be) .... but this also
starts to wander into innovation and creativity ... and back to
orientation bias & even bigger OODA-loops?

Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 15 Jan 2018 17:33:44 -0800

Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

a problem that I battled tho was that TSS/360 did address the (OS/360)
problem of executables having (virtual) address specific binding. CMS
used a lot of OS/360 did relied on the os/360 relocatable adcon
convention that was updated at load time ... which gave me constant
headaches in a real page-mapped paradigm ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#90 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

I ran into this first doing cms page-mapped filesystem for cp/67 in the
early 70s (trying to include support for position/location independent)
... and then ported to vm370 ... some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

some more ... position-independent code
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Position-independent_code

In early computers such as the IBM System/360 (1965), code was
position-dependent: each program was built to be loaded into, and run
from, a particular address. Where a multitasking operating system
allowed multiple jobs to be run using separate programs at the same
time, operations had to be scheduled such that no two concurrent jobs
would run programs that required the same load addresses. For example,
both a payroll program and an accounts receivable program built to run
at address 32K could not both be run at the same time.

... snip ...

... modulo (as referenced) tss/360.

some of this not becoming default until 2017
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Position-independent_code#Position-independent_executables

OpenBSD has PIE enabled by default on most architectures since OpenBSD
5.3, released on 1 May 2013.[7] Support for PIE in statically linked
binaries, such as the executables in /bin and /sbin directories, was
added near the end of 2014.[8] Beginning with Fedora 23, Fedora
maintainers decided to build packages with PIE enabled as the
default.[9] Ubuntu 17.10 has PIE enabled by default across all
architectures,[10] it was released on 19 October 2017. Gentoo's new
profiles now support PIE by default.[11].

Android enabled support for PIEs in Jelly Bean[12] and removed non-PIE
linker support in Lollipop.[13]

... snip ...

vm370/cms release 3 picked up small subset of virtual segment
enhancements ... but w/o the paged mapped filesystem support and w/o the
relocatable shared segments (i.e. didn't support the same exact shared
segment operating concurrently at different virtual addresses in
different virtual address spaces) ... "DCSS"

With the CMS page-mapped filesystem support, shared segment executables
could be defined as easily as creating any CMS executable. The release 3
hack (and for long time afterwards) ... had shared segment definitions
built into the kernel, new definitions required building &
ipling/booting new kernel.

CMS paged-mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

TSS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TSS_(operating_system)

and Position-independent code
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TSS_(operating_system)#Position-independent_code

TSS provided an early implementation of "position-independent code", the
ability to have different processes run a single copy of an executable
possibly mapped to a different virtual addresses in each process.

System/360 programs typically contain modifiable data (working storage)
and "address constants" or "adcons" (fields containing the addresses of
code or data). In TSS, virtual addresses differ for each process running
that program. TSS language processors place all adcons and working
storage into a separate section of code called a Prototype Control
Section, or "PSECT". When the program is loaded the dynamic loader makes
a copy of the PSECT and relocates the adcons to reflect the virtual
addresses assigned within the current process, therefore each user of
the program has a unique copy of the PSECT. When a called program is
executed general register 13 contains the address of the PSECT for the
current process; this address is used for all references to variable
data or addresses.[3][4]

... snip ...

other past posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#78 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#79 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#91 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#95 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#96 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#97 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#11 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#12 thrashing, was Re: A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:21:47 -0800

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

That may be a better way to put it.  After I read the book about
Boyd, which you recommended, our timesharing philosophy generally
followed his OOCD(sp?) method.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#33 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

OODA-Loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
Boyd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
John Boyd's Art of War, Why our greatest military theorist only made
colonel
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

after Spinney's article appeared in TIME ... gone behind paywall, but
much of it lives free at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

a co-worker called Spinney (a Boyd "acolyte") ... and Spinney told him
that he had to call Boyd. Co-worker than talked me into sponsoring
Boyd's briefing. First time was just Patterns Of Conflict ... long
day. The next time, John wanted to also do his new/evolving "Organic
Design For Command&Control" ... on the same day ... made for a really
long day. Following from old 16May1983 email announcement (didn't come
close to staying to the schedule):

PATTERNS OF CONFLICT    (9:00-11:30  and 1:00-3:00)

This presentation examines the role of conflict in military history and
examines how that challenge was dealt with.  Although presented in a
military context, the presentation includes specific observations and
guidelines for dealing with conflict in non-military situations, and
much of the material is useful in inter-personal and organizational
situations.  Specific guidelines are presented for

Situational analysis - identification of resources available for dealing
with a problem; analysis of the strengths, weaknesses and limits of
available resources; analysis of challenger's capabilities.

Adaptive strategy development - dealing with changes in the situation

Anticipation of competitive reaction

Action plan implementation

Special emphasis is placed on organizational dynamics and coordination.

ORGANIC DESIGN FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL  (3:15-4:00)

This short talk builds on the material presented in Patterns of Conflict
and describes the importance of individuals to a functioning
organization, and considers the role of harmony among individuals within
an organization as an important aspect of the ability to meet the goals
of that organization.  The talk also attempts to indicate situations in
which an organization will have difficulty meeting its goals.

... snip ...

posts & URLs referencing Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd also commented that he was very vocal about the electronics across
the trail not working. Possibly as punishment he was put in command of
"spook base". One of Boyd's biographies talks about "spook base" was
$2.5B (late 60s dollars) "windfall" for IBM. reference gone 404 but
lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:28:19 -0800

Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and
caused a wave of panic
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2018/01/14/hawaii-missile-alert-how-one-employee-pushed-the-wrong-button-and-caused-a-wave-of-panic/

From a drop-down menu on a computer program, he saw two options: "Test
missile alert" and "Missile alert." He was supposed to choose the
former; as much of the world now knows, he chose the latter, an
initiation of a real-life missile alert.

... snip ...

Problem is well known since 1st days of drop down menus ... and serious
confirmation since at least days of "erase *,*"

such computer safety human engineering goes back at least 40yrs. going
back even further is multi-party operations as countermeasure to insider
threats for sensitive operations in industry, financial, gov., military,
etc (which can also be used to help catch computer safety mistakes). in
the 80s, Jim Gray (at Tandem) did study of computer outages ... and
found that they were moving from hardware outages to environmental
problems and human mistakes (people: mostly, software: often, hardware:
rarely)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

... slightly IBM (and as it happens Hawaii) ... with respect to
multi-party operations ... CEO leaves IBM to headup large private-equity
company that will acquire beltway bandit that will employ Snowden.
Companies in private-equity mill are under heavy pressure to cut corners
every way possible to supply more money for their owners. In the case of
big uptic in private-equity buying up beltway bandits last decade,
companies are prohibited from using money from gov. contracts to lobby
congress (beltway bandit with no other business), but private-equity
owners appear to be under no such restriction. 70% of the budget and
over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us

after the Snowden event, the agency director made some public
statements about possibly needing (to reinstate?) multi-party
operation

private-equity companies that became responsible for security
clearances were found to be filling out the paperwork, but not
actually doing background checks ... also significantly contributing
to the rapidly spreading success of failure culture (i.e. make
more money from a series of failures).
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

AMEX is in competition with KKR for private equity take-over of
RJR. KKR runs into problems and hires away AMEX president to help with
RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM has gone into the red and is being re-orged into 13 "baby blues" in
preparation for breaking up the company. The board hires away the former
AMEX president who reverses the breakup and resurrects the company
... using some of the same techniques as at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
... and
http://www.ibmemployee.com/Highlights030802.shtml

then departs IBM for private-equity
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George
H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III
on its employee roster

... snip ....

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSAM usage for ancient disk models

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 16 Jan 2018 18:33:36 -0800

000000ac4b1d56b3-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (David Purdy) writes:

I honestly cannot remember MVS *EVER* supporting 3375's DOS/VSE and VM
AFAIK are the only OS's. Can someone correct me please ?

large corporations started ordering hundreds of vm/4300s at a time for
placing out in departmental (non-datacenter) areas ... sort of the
leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami.

MVS was looking at playing in that market ... but the only (new) CKD
dasd was 3380 (high-end datacenter) ... all the low & mid-range disks
were FBA (3310 & 3370) that could be deployed in non-datacenter,
departmental areas.
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3370.html

Eventually they came out with (emulated) CKD announced as 3375 to
support MVS in that market ... however there was additional issue, the
customers were looking at large number of unattended systems per
support person ... as opposed to number of support persons per system.

past posts mentioning CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

there was also similar explosion of vm/4300s inside IBM ...  at one
point resulting in significant problem scheduling increasingly scarce
conference rooms for meetings.

trivia: 4341 integrated channels were so fast that with slight tweaking
disk engineering & product test were using them for testing 3mbyte/sec
3880/3380 testing.

3370 & 3375
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_IBM_magnetic_disk_drives#IBM_3370_and_3375

above mention research starting on thin-film floating heads at TJW in
the 60s. However, in the 70s, the disk division were running
thin-film, floating head "air-bearing" simulation studies on SJR
(bldg28, before research moved up the hill) MVT 370/195. However, even
with high-priority designation, there were only getting a couple
turn-arounds a month.

Then bldg. 15 (product test) got early engineering 3033 for disk I/O
testing. they had been been running all testing in bldg 14&15
"stand-alone" (at one point they had tried running under MVS but found
it had 15min MTBF in that environment, requiring manual re-ipl). I then
offered to rewrite I/O supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail
... after which nearly all machines in bldg 14&15 ran under that system.
Turns out even several concurrent I/O testing only used a few percent of
3033 CPU ... so started using the machine for lots of other stuff.  We
moved the air-bearing simulation from the MVT 370/195 to bldg 15 3033
and they could get several turn-arounds a day ... rather than a
couple/month (while 370/195 was a little over twice the 3033
performance, the 195 job queue was measured in number of weeks).

1979 thin-film heads introduced for large disks
http://www.computerhistory.org/storageengine/thin-film-heads-introduced-for-large-disks/

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 19:38:30 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

It's really a price subsidy for consumers, since if truckers actually
paid their share costs of goods would have yo rise drastically.  OTOH,
a lot of long-haul would probably move from road to rail.

Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (Oxford History of the United
States Book 6) ... talks about US industrialization enabled by railroad
(river, canal) transportation ... centralized mass production with
market over large area. pg12/loc337-39:

The 9,000 miles of rail in the United States by 1850 led the world,
but paled in comparison with the 21,000 additional miles laid during
the next decade, which gave to the United States in 1860 a larger rail
network than in the rest of the world combined.

pg12/loc349-50:

The difference between the wholesale price of western pork in
Cincinnati and New York declined from $9.53 to $1.18 a barrel; the
difference in the wholesale price of western flour between the same
two cities dropped from $2.48 to 28 cents.

pg13/loc364-68:

This pre-industrial world could not survive the transportation
revolution, which made possible a division of labor and specialization
of production for ever larger and more distant markets. More and more
farmers specialized in crops for which their soil and climate were
most suitable. With the cash from sale of these crops they bought food
and clothing and hardware previously made locally or by themselves but
now grown, processed, or manufactured elsewhere and shipped in by
canal or rail.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#41 Transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#56 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#57 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#59 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#60 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#61 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#62 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#0 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#23 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#48 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#68 Historian predicts the end of 'science superpowers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#52 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#28 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#29 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#47 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#76 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#12 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#109 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#70 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSAM usage for ancient disk models

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: VSAM usage for ancient disk models
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Jan 2018 08:02:51 -0800

mitchdana@GMAIL.COM (Dana Mitchell) writes:

Current (for us 2.1) z/OS HCD still shows 3375 as a valid DASD device
type.  IIRC 3375 was emulated CKD on FBA 3370 HDA's.  I also think
3375s were used as the storage for the embedded 43X1's used as
processor controllers on 3090s.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models

FEs had bootstrap service process ... starting with incrementally
scoping for dignoses for failed component. 3081 had circuits enclosed in
TCMs ... no longer capable of scoping. Went to "service processor" (with
3310 FBA disk) that could be scoped/diagnosed and then used to analyze
large number of probes embedded in TCMs.

Original move to 3090 was going to be 4331 running customized version of
VM370 Release 6 for service processor (with 3370 disk, instead of RYO
primitive customized operating system done from scratch) and all service
screens done in CMS IOS3270 ... this was upgraded to pair of (redundant)
4361s for "3092"
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

In addition, the 3092 processor controller requires two IBM 3370 model
A2 direct access storage devices with string switches or equivalent. The
3092 requires access to a customer-supplied 3420 model 4, 6 or 8 tape
drive or equivalent.

... snip ...

trivia: I had wanted to show that REXX (before customer release,
originally just REX) wasn't just another pretty scripting language ...
I decided on demo'ing that I could redo IPCS (very large assembler
application) in less than 3months elapsed time working half time with
ten times the function and running ten times faster (some slight of hand
for REXX to run faster than assembler). I finished early so started
doing library of automated scripts that searched/analyzed for lots of
different kind of failure signatures. I had expected that it would be
released to customers ... but for some reason it wasn't, even tho it
became standard for internal datacenters and customer support PSRs. Some
old email from the 3092 group wanting to include it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

Eventually I got approval for making presentations at SHARE and other
customer user group meetings on how I implemented it .. and within a few
months similar implementations started to appear. As an aside the
implementation included functions like formating storage segments using
maclib DSECTs and decompiling instruction sequences ... and this was in
the "OCO-wars" (object code only) ... transition to no longer shipping
source code. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

other trivia: this is old "greencard" done in IOS3270 with q&d
conversion to html:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 08:23:31 -0800

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

Actually the roads were originally designed for army tanks.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

part of the original interstate highway system justification was done
for tanks ... US had observed that in WW2 that Germany had lots of
advantage being able to (relatively) easily shifting forces from
eastern and western fronts. In the 80s, realistically this
justification had almost disappeared ... roads were being designed for
lifetime ESALs by heavy trucks ... but US spent lots of money
upgrading Germany's bridge weight limits to handle weight of Abrams M1
tanks (70 tons and growing).  some recent posts mentioning Abrams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#14 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#42 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#13 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#1 How Desert Storm Destroyed the US Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#40 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#74 On Tactics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#2 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

however since then, US also almost totally eliminated funding of
maintenance of its own bridges (and other infrastructure) ... with lack
of projects and jobs ... students stopped taking civil engineer courses
and universities started cutting back univ. civil engineering programs.
"Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a
President", Volcker quote,
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

pg290:

Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent
several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a
huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges
and a s**tty financial system!

... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

The previous administration had stimulus funds for infrastructure
projects. From the laws of unintended consequences, from what stimulus
funds that did make it into infrastructure projects (that didn't get
skimmed/siphoned off) resulted in the projects having to hire Chinese
firms in order to get civil engineers. Some recent posts about
Volcker quote:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#72 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#79 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#1 Any definitive reference for why the PDP-11 was little-endian?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#61 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 09:10:58 -0800

mausg writes:

Life was hard that time. When the great call-up came in 1914, large
numbers were rejected for being too short. It finally penetrated in
higher levels in higher government that something had to be done.

(The famous T34 tank was almost inpossible for a normal sized man  to
operate)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#33 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#39 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

an uncle went in early and was tank mechanic for nearly all of US ww2.
"tommy cooker" (sherman) ... they would hose out the inside, repair
... but were running out of crews ... drafting cooks and anybody they
could find ... however my uncle was too large to fit in sherman ...
recent past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#69 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#55 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#43 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:45 -0800

Peter.Farley@BROADRIDGE.COM (Farley, Peter x23353) writes:

Each of the IBM pages has a link to the next decade's history page, so
you can start with the 1980's page and proceed to the others in
sequence.

I didn't read all the IBM pages closely, but I didn't see VSE/AF jump
out.  Was that actually a version?

ECPS:VSE was a hardware feature on the 43xx machines (I know for sure
it was on the 4361, not sure about other models).  IIRC it provided
microcode assists for VSE under VM.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#41 VSAM usage for ancient disk models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#43 VSAM usage for ancient disk models

a little more complicated. Endicott did "e-architecture" ... somewhat
like POK did XA-architecture ... but different. VS1 & DOS/VS were 370
... "e-architecture" (4300 machines) had single virtual address sort of
embedded in the microcode/hardware ... privileged instructions
enabled/disabled virtual addresses, misc old email on e-architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email820916

There was ECPS microcode assist originally done for 370 138/148
(follow-on to 135/145 and precusors to 4300s). Basically VS/1 had
portions of VS/1 some portions implemented in microcode. For the VM/370
ECPS, I was told that there was 6k bytes of microcode space available to
translate 370 instructions to native microcode on just about same number
of bytes but running ten times faster. I was to select 6kbytes of the
highest used vm370 kernel pathlengths. Old post showing highest used
portions of vm370 kernel cpu ... with 6kbytes accounting for 79.55% of
vm370 kernel cpu
http://www.garlic.com/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

4300 machine could be brought up in 370-mode or in e-mode (somewhat like
3081s would run 370 or xa mode) ... and ECPS from 138/148 was also
available on 4300 machine.

There was also VS1 changes for running in VM370 virtual machine ...
combination where VS1 could actually run faster under VM370 than on the
bare machine. This included VS1 handshaking mode ... VS1 application
execution that had a VM370 page fault ... VM370 would handle the page
fault but interrupt VS1 with psuedo page fault interrupt (to allow VS1 to
switch tasks) and then when VM370 page fault handling was complete, it
would present a psuedo page complete interrupt to VS1.

Endicott also tried to convince corporate to allow all Endicott machines
to be shipped with vm370 pre-installed on all machines (sort of like
later PR/SM & LPAR), but this was when POK was trying to get VM/370
product killed and the VM/370 group transferred to POK to work on MVS/XA
(mid-70s, justification was otherwise POK wouldn't be able to ship
MVS/XA on schedule in the 80s). POK succeeded ... but then Endicott
manage to save the VM370 product mission (but not allowed to ship vm370
preinstalled on all machines), but had to reconstitute a VM/370 product
group from scratch ... there were comments on VMSHARE by customers about
VM370 code quality during this period. VMSHARE archive (TYMSHARE had
started offering its CMS-based online computer conferencing to SHARE for
free starting in Aug1976)
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
trivia ... some mention of vse/af on vmshare, vse/sp 5 times cost
of vse/af
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=VSEAF2SP&ft=MEMO

SJR had MVT 370/195 and VM/370 370/145 where all the original
sql/relational implementation was done "System/R" ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

That was then replaced with MVS 370/168 and VM370 370/158 ... there
was strings of 3330 dasd interconnected to both machines ... but there
was rule that MVS 3330 could not be mounted on VM370 designated
strings.  One day operations accidentially violated the rule and
within 5mins the SJR datacenter was getting angry calls about what had
started causing the horrible interactive response ... i.e. horrible
TSO interactive reponse was as much due to excessive use of
multi-track searches (vtoc, pds directories) as it was to the bloated
MVS pathlengths. Then demand was to immediately move the offending MVS
3330 ... but MVS operations said that a long running production job
had started and they wouldn't move it until start of 2nd shift. So
3330 for optimized VS1 under VM370 was mounted on MVS string.

The optimized VS1 on heavy loaded VM370 370/158 was easily able to
nearly bring MVS 370/168 to halt ... cutting the use of the offending
MVS 3330 on the VM370 string and CMS interactive response nearly
returning to normal. At that point, MVS 370/168 operations agreed to
immediately move the offedning MVS 3330 (in return for the VS1 3330
being moved).

4341
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP4341.html
4300
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_4300

both of the above says 4341 was approx 3.2 x 370/138 (but suspect
mistype?) ...  Jan1979, I was asked to do benchmarks (on engineering
4341 in bldg 15, during 1979 I would rib the Endicott performance & test
organizations that I had more 4341 time than they did) for LLNL
(national lab) that was looking at getting 70 4341s for compute farm
... sort of leading edge of cluster/grid supercomputing and cloud
cluster megadatacenters. Also a small cluster of 4341s had higher
throughput than 3033, much cheaper and much smaller footprint and
environments (at one point POK was so threatened that they managed to
cut allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component in half).

old email with LLNL RAIN & RAIN4 benchmarks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790212

                  158               3031              4341
Rain          45.64/47.42    |   37.03/37.77   |   36.21/37.57
Rain4         43.90/44.80    |   36.61/36.89   |   36.13/36.51

also times approx;
                    145                168                91
                 145 secs.           9.1 secs          6.77 secs

... snip ...

& CDC6600 35.77 secs, more old 4300 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4300

VSE/AF handbook from bitsavers, lists connect page & disconnect page
instructions
http://www.bitsavers.com/pdf/ibm/370/DOS_VSE/LY33-9101-0_VSE_Advanced_Functions_Rel_2_Handbook_Jun80.pdf
bitsavers 43xx
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/43xx/
4300 PincOP for ECPS:VSE
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/43xx/GA22-7070-1_4300_Processors_PrincOps_ECPS_VSE_Mode_Sep80.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 22:00:31 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

I saw a documentary some years ago. They interviewed a Waffen SS
Panzer regiment commander. When asked about the Shermans, he said the
people who sent troops into battle with those as their main tank
should have been shot. He said he had no fear of the Shermans, nor the
Firefly Sherman.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Boyd would talk about German tanks having 10:1 kill ratio over Shermans
(which had to sneak up behind and shoot them in the back) ... but there
were a lot more Shermans ... posts & URL referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Boyd was also involved in the German officer interviews in the 70s
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/in-mid-1970s-military-reformers-led-by.html

including Hermann Balck, "The Greatest German General No One Ever Heard
Of"
http://www.historynet.com/the-greatest-german-general-no-one-ever-heard-of.htm

In December 1942 Hermann Balck wiped out a force ten times his size in
the most brilliantly fought divisional battle in modern military history

... snip ...

and
http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a160703.pdf
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B666O7-HemObSGtjbjF1SnVmRWc/view
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B666O7-HemObSFlybUlWdnlQaFk/view

and from Guderian's book (Panzer Leader),
https://www.amazon.com/Panzer-Leader-Heinz-Guderian-ebook/dp/B00OGQARWU/

loc2902-3:

Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank
strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I would
not—I believe—ever have started this war.'

loc2903-6:

He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in
which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000; both
the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had disagreed
with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get that figure
printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence reports at the
time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate was therefore,
if anything, a very conservative one.

loc2256-58:

The military commission was so insistent on this point that eventually
our manufacturers and Ordnance Office officials concluded: 'It seems
that the Russians must already possess better and heavier tanks than we
do.' It was at the end of July, 1941, that the T34 tank appeared at the
front and the riddle of the new Russian model was solved.

loc2262-64:

At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than
1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this was
very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian tank
factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the Christie-Russki
type.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning Panzer Leader:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#55 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#43 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 10:00:35 -0800

Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

Dunkirk was the site of a very successful retreat by British soldiers after a
defeat early in the war. It was hailed at the time as the "miracle of Dunkirk";
I believe it was Churchill who wrote in his memoirs at the time that one can't
win a war through successful retreats, thus pouring some cold water on this.

Now, that doesn't mean that it couldn't have been decisive in bringing about
Germany's eventual defeat. Retaining the resources to try again is very
different from being crushed - and indeed Germany lost World War II, at least
from one point of view, basically because Britain was able to hang in there
until Pearl Harbor.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

and:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#53 Dunkirk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#3 Dunkirk

In "Panzer Leader", Guderian writes that Hitler ordered him to stop at
the perimeter of Dunkirk ... Goering, head of air force, had convinced
Hitler to let the air force finish the british off (which allowed them
to get away, but leaving most of the material behind). Belief was that
British would have then surroundered and the war would be over ...  The
British surrender would have also left the US with no European base to
stage a campaign.

LeMay (as Goering) was saying something similar leading up to the 1943
US Strategic Bombing program ... that heavy strategic bombing would win
the war without having to invade the continent. However, strategic
heavy bombing from 5-6 miles up, it was almost impossible to hit
the target.

trivia: John Foster Dulles had played major role in rebuilding Germany
industry and military, 20s up through the early 40s.  From the law of
unintended consequences, when US 1943 Strategic Bombing program needed
targets in Germany, they got plans and coordinates from wallstreet.

European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
https://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German
defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At
Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth
Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation
for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden
bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level
altitude sights.

... snip ...

Germany somewhat had its own Dunkirk with the battle of the
bulge. Patton had suggested just let Germans advance to the outskirts
of Paris, they would then have outrun their supplies and it would be
possible to roll them all up with no problem. Eisenhower said that
wouldn't be politically correct/acceptable. Patton was then to attack
one side of the base of the bulge while montgomery attacks the other
side, cutting them off ... and rolling them up. Montgomery never got
into position, so the Germans managed to escape through the gap
... although leaving most of their equipment.

Possibly because 1/3rd of total US WW2 spending went to strategic
bombing and had so little to show for it, McNamara was then LeMay's
staff planning the switch to fire bombing German and Japanese cities
(almost impossible for fire bomb to miss a whole city).

There was recent long talk about the battle of britain. One of their
observations (by a brit) was that the 1943 US strategic bomber program
insisted that everything would be high altitude bombers and they
needed no fighters. The British tried to tell them that the Germans
learned that lesson the hard way during the battle of britain ... the
necessity for long range fighters for the bombers ... but the US
insisted on spending all their money on heavy bombers ... but they
eventually relearned that lesson the hard way.

There is then some amount from Boyd and his acolytes about the USAF
top officers and their bomber clique hating what they were doing for
both fighters and also close air support. Boyd had significantly
redesigned the F15 and was responsible for the Y16 and Y17 ... which
becomes the F16 and F18. By the time Boyd passes, the USAF had
disonwed him and it was the Marines at Arlington. And then others were
involved in the A10 (close air support), patterned after a German
fighter/bomber succesfully used for close air support against Soviet
forces and tanks.

The threat of Soviet land war against Europe in the 70s & 80s was
large part of the motivation for the A10 as well as interviewing
German officers that fought against Soviets in WW2.

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

some recent posts mentioning A10 and/or "close air support"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#2 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#62 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#9 Why do we keep losing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#88 The Pentagon's Pricey Culture of Mediocrity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#105 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#2 IBM 1970s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#1 How Desert Storm Destroyed the US Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#58 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#31 Disregard post (another screwup; absolutely nothing to do with computers whatsoever!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#73 A-10

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 10:16:37 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

Once Stalin found out the Japanese were not invading Siberia, he moved
those Siberian divisions to block the Germans from taking Moscow. This
is the one time he listened to his spies inside the Axis.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Stalin's worry about Japan attacking was attributed for attack on Pearl,
the Soviets were fighting 3/4s of German military (leaving only 1/4th to
the rest of the allies).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Dexter_White#Venona_project
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note#Interpretations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venona_project
https://www.historyonthenet.com/pearl-harbor-operation-snow/

not only Japan attack on Pearl ... but also obstructing US support for
that Nationalists in China (part of thread on giving China to the
Communists).

some recent posts on White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#80 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#28 WW2 Internment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#79 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#87 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#36 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#71 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 11:23:44 -0800

jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:

Just after I posted this, it occurred to me that I should have
said Massachusetts.  There is no such thing as "going around
the block" to correct for a wrong turn.  I figured this out
myself when I got lost the first week I was living in Mass.
I tried to go around the block and, I suspect, I almost ended
up in Rhode Island or Connecticut.  When I finally got to
the apartment, I took my clothes off and went to bed with
the intention of never going outside again.

I periodically rant about this ... first time visiting the science
center (from the univ. ... coast-to-coast trip) ... got into logan late
evening, rented a car, headed for what is now called royal sonesta in
cambridge ... end of the science musuem bridge (vague memory it was
chart house?? back in the 60s) ... it was 3am in the morning when i
finally got to the hotel (i may have been almost to new hampshire).
supposedly auto gps and computer driving directions would now stop that
from happening

posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 12:27:32 -0800

mausg writes:

Other thing about WWII, Germany invades Soviet Union, the Soviet road
system dissolves under the then narrow-tracked German tanks, so it is
down to the partizan -threatened rail system. One source had it that
large numbers of Germans spent the war converting the railway east to
German guage during the advance, and blowing that system up during
the retreat.  When the Red Army tanks got to the German motorways
coming West, that was it.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#49 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Invasion of the Soviet Union, 1941
https://www.britannica.com/event/World-War-II/Invasion-of-the-Soviet-Union-1941

By mid-July, moreover, a series of rainstorms were turning the sandy
Russian roads into clogging mud, over which the wheeled vehicles of the
German transport behind the tanks could make only very slow
progress. The Germans also began to be hampered by the scorched earth
policy adopted by the retreating Soviets. The Soviet troops burned
crops, destroyed bridges, and evacuated factories in the face of the
German advance. Entire steel and munitions plants in the westernmost
portions of the U.S.S.R. were dismantled and shipped by rail to the
east, where they were put back into production. The Soviets also
destroyed or evacuated most of their rolling stock (railroad cars), thus
depriving the Germans of the use of the Soviet rail system, since Soviet
railroad track was of a different gauge than German track and German
rolling stock was consequently useless on it.

... snip ...

operation barbarossa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barbarossa

The failure of Operation Barbarossa proved a turning point in the
fortunes of the Third Reich.[24] Most importantly, the operation opened
up the Eastern Front, in which more forces were committed than in any
other theater of war in world history. The Eastern Front became the site
of some of the largest battles, most horrific atrocities, and highest
casualties for Soviet and Axis units alike, all of which influenced the
course of both World War II and the subsequent history of the 20th
century.

... snip ...

aka ... soviets dealing with 3/4s of german military.

also from wiki:

Beginning in March 1941, Goering's Green Folder laid out details for the
disposal of the Soviet economy after conquest. The Hunger Plan outlined
how the entire urban population of conquered territories was to be
starved to death, thus creating an agricultural surplus to feed Germany
and urban space for the German upper class

... snip ...

Note that this account about Churchill doing something similar regarding
India.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943
http://www.amazon.com/Churchills-Secret-War-British-Ravaging-ebook/dp/

a few posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#62 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#89 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#14 India's British Army: the Honorable East India Company's Lasting Military Impact
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

and English had done something similar earlier during Irish Famine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Famine_(Ireland)#Irish_food_exports_during_Famine

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall Street
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 13:03:00 -0800

How a Misfit Group of Computer Geeks and English Majors Transformed Wall
Street
http://nymag.com/selectall/2018/01/d-e-shaw-the-first-great-quant-hedge-fund.html

US also almost totally eliminated funding of maintenance of bridges (and
other infrastructure) ... with lack of projects and jobs ... students
stopped taking civil engineer courses and universities started cutting
back univ. civil engineering programs. "Confidence Men: Wall Street,
Washington, and the Education of a President", Volcker quote,
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

pg290:

Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent
several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge
number of financial engineers. And the result is s**tty bridges and a
s**tty financial system!

... snip ...

The previous administration had stimulus funds for infrastructure
projects. From the laws of unintended consequences, from what stimulus
funds that did make it into infrastructure projects (that didn't get
skimmed/siphoned off) resulted in the projects having to hire Chinese
firms in order to get civil engineers.

The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For
Financialization
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-08/real-reason-wages-have-stagnated-our-economy-optimized-financialization
Bad Ideas; Reknowned economist James K. Galbraith, one of our expert
panelists, pulls no punches in talking about the damage wrought by
financial innovation
https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/june-2017/bad-ideas

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

past posts mentioning financial innovation:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#63 The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#1 OT:  book:  "Capital in the Twenty-First Century"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#58 Wall Street Wants to Kill the Agency Protecting Americans From Financial Scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#64 Wages and Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 17:07:16 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

Actually, I read that now Sears is privately owned, and the owner is
pumping a lot of his personal money into it. I think it's loans, which
he will probably not get back if they go belly-up.

Sears Canada executive in talks with private equity for deal: Reuters
https://www.pehub.com/canada/2017/9/sears-canada-executive-in-talks-with-private-equity-for-deal-reuters/

Sears Canada
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sears_Canada

On October 10, 2017, Sears Canada announced it would seek court approval
to shut down all of its remaining stores in Canada and layoff of 11,240
remaining staff.[12] This was granted by the Ontario Superior Court on
October 13, 2017.[13]

Liquidation sales began on October 19, 2017. The remaining Sears stores
closed on January 14, 2018. Store fixtures and equipment are up for sale
in the closed stores.[14][15]

... snip ...

Sears Holdings Corporation stock
https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/SHLD/

Sears Holdings
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sears_Holdings

Why doesn't Lampert take Sears private?
http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20170616/ISSUE10/170619921/why-doesnt-lampert-take-sears-private

The hedge fund mogul who controls Sears insists the beleaguered retailer
has a bright future, even as persistent sales declines and operating
losses force him to close stores and sell off assets. Earlier this year,
he said Sears has "what it takes to move us forward." But investors
aren't listening. Sears shares have dropped 24 percent this year to
under $7 apiece, near an all-time low of $5.50, set in February, and
down 96 percent from their peak value of $195.12 a decade ago.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 18 Jan 2018 20:42:05 -0800

Dan Espen <dan1espen@gmail.com> writes:

Why is up to left leaning me to support the military?

So cynical about the Sherman so I went to my primary source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M4_Sherman

For starters:

When the M4 tank went into combat in North Africa with the British
Army at El Alamein in late 1942, it increased the advantage of Allied
armor over Axis armor and was superior to the lighter German and
Italian tank designs.

Later doctrine:

United States doctrine held that the most critical anti-tank work
(stopping massed enemy tank attacks) was primarily to be done by towed
and self-propelled anti-tank guns, both of which were referred to as
"tank destroyers", with friendly tanks being used in support if
possible.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

dependending when and which theater being compared ... Soviet T-34 July
1941 better & heavier than German tanks ... from Guderian "Panzer
Leader" referenced upthread. With regard to "Later doctrine", there is
frequently a question of what is cause and what is effect ... since the
Sherman gun couldn't take out Panthers and Tigers ... they would have to
come up with some other strategy.

Field Marshal: The Life and Death of Erwin Rommel, Sherman also better &
heavier than German tanks in north africa
https://www.amazon.com/Field-Marshal-Death-Erwin-Rommel-ebook/dp/B0108SGZFW/

loc6274-78:

It was his armor that caused him the most concern, as both the 1st and
7th Armoured Divisions were at less than brigade strength, with just
over 100 tanks between them at the moment, though Auchinleck knew that
at least 300 new Sherman tanks, courtesy of the United States Army, were
on their way to Alexandria. Faster, more rugged and reliable, better
armored and just as heavily armed as any panzer the Afrika Korps had in
the field, these tanks promised to be game-changers for Eighth Army,
hence Auchinleck's determination to buy time for their arrval.

... snip ...

Tanks in the German Army
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_in_the_German_Army

First encountered on 23 June 1941,[24] the T-34 outclassed the existing
Panzer III and IV.[25] At the insistence of General Heinz Guderian, a
special Panzerkommision was dispatched to the Eastern Front to assess
the T-34.[26] Among the features of the Soviet tank considered most
significant were the sloping armor, which gave much improved shot
deflection and also increased the effective armor thickness against
penetration, the wide track, which improved mobility over soft ground,
and the 76.2 mm gun, which had good armor penetration and fired an
effective high-explosive round.

... snip ...

The M4 Sherman Vs. the German Panther
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/m4-sherman-vs-german-panther/

In the final analysis, there were simply too many American tanks for the
Germans to deal with. The American war industry, free from bomber raids
and supported by a motivated work force (Germany resorted to slave
labor) produced nearly 50,000 Shermans, more tanks than Germany and
Great Britain made during the entire war. Germany only produced about
6,000 Panthers.

...

The Sherman was at a disadvantage. Although it mounted 75mm cannon, it
was of a low-velocity type. The Sherman's designers felt that a
low-velocity gun would last longer than a high-velocity one. They failed
to realize that few Shermans would ever last long enough in combat to
wear out their barrels. Later versions would have an upgraded
high-velocity gun, but they would not reach front-line units until late
November 1944, five months after the Normandy invasion. The armor, at
81mm, was considerably thinner than the Panther's and unable to
withstand its armor-piercing ammunition.

... snip ...

Panther tank
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panther_tank

Though officially classified as a medium tank, its weight is more like
that of a heavy tank, as its weight of 44.8 tons puts it roughly in the
same category as the American M26 Pershing (41.7 tons), British
Churchill (40.7 tons) and the Soviet IS-2 (46 tons) heavy tanks. The
tank had a very high power to weight ratio however, making it extremely
mobile regardless of its weight. Its weight still caused heavy
tank-esque problems however, such as an inability to cross certain
bridges.

... snip ...

Shermans vs Tigers: Tank Wars at the Battle of the Bulge
http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/shermans-vs-tigers-tank-wars-the-battle-the-bulge-20851

In terms of armor, the difference was daunting, with German tanks
frequently outgunning and outmaneuvering the ubiquitous American medium
Shermans and the British Army's Churchills, Valentines, and
Cromwells. The third-ranking German tank was at least the equal of the
Allies' best tanks, and the formidable Tiger, mounting a high-velocity
88mm cannon, was superior to all armor in the European Theater of
Operations.

Withstanding a Dozen Shermans

The most powerful tank of World War II, a single 67-ton Tiger II could
hold up a dozen Sherman tanks, and often did. Known variously as the
Tiger B, King Tiger, and Royal Tiger, the Tiger II carried a crew of
five, had a 600-horsepower engine and a maximum speed of 21.74 miles an
hour, and boasted a cruising range of 105.57 miles.

... snip ...

Sherman tank
https://www.britannica.com/technology/Sherman-tank

The M4 entered active service with the British in North Africa in
October 1942. It was roughly in the same class as early versions of the
German Pz. IV (panzer), which at that time weighed 25 tons, had a top
road speed of 40 km (25 miles) per hour, and mounted a 75-mm gun.

...

The M4 had a faster rate of fire and greater speed, but both the Panther
and the Tiger had significantly greater range and accuracy. The German
tanks were also more survivable. Consequently, it took superior numbers
for Anglo-American forces to defeat German armoured formations. The most
notable effort to break the Germans' qualitative advantage was the
Firefly, a Sherman equipped with a 76.2-mm long-barreled gun (a
"17-pounder").

... snip ...

Sherman Firefly
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman_Firefly

Fireflies were introduced to armoured brigades[note 3] and divisions in
the 21st Army Group in 1944, just in time for the Normandy landings. The
timing was fortunate as Allied intelligence had begun to realise in
early 1944 through statistical analysis that the Germans were fielding a
much larger number of more formidable tanks (such as the Panther) than
had been anticipated. This information was slow to reach Allied military
planners, who had mistakenly assumed the Panther, like the Tiger, would
be a rare heavy tank with a limited production run, so the number of
Panthers deployed came as a surprise to Allied formation commanders and
tank crews forced to engage them with guns that could not penetrate the
frontal armour except at short range.[2]

... snip ...

The M-4 Sherman Tank Was Hell on Wheels -- And a Death Trap Fire-prone
tank had to outnumber its foes to win
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-m-4-sherman-tank-was-hell-on-wheels-and-a-death-trap-502b0d99e744
M4 Sherman
https://ww2db.com/vehicle_spec.php?q=180
A Poor Defense: Sherman tanks in WW2
https://archives.library.illinois.edu/blog/poor-defense-sherman-tanks-ww2/

as I've posted before, my wife's dad was command of engineering combat
battalion in 8th armored division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_(United_States)

before given command of engineering combat group ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#37 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#11 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#7 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#33 Crossing the Rhine - 70 Years Ago Today - In Pictures!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#66 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#7 The 1970s engineering recession

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
Date: 19 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Now Hear This--Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
https://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2017-12/now-hear-this%E2%80%94prepare-be-or-do-moment

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network
(larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until
sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when
the corporate executive committee was told about online computer
conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire
me. Possibly affecting that was one of my hobbies was doing enhanced
operating systems for internal datacenters .... including HONE
(worldwide online sales and marketing systems). From IBMJARGON:

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh
of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry
middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely
distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed
dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and
also constructively criticised the way products were are
developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious
interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try
reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

A little later, I met John Boyd and sponsored his briefings at IBM.

Datamation put a slightly different spin on "Tandem Memos", Emmett,
R. 1981, "VNET or gripenet?" Datamation, Vol. 27, No. 12 (November),
pp.48-58. Lots of online citations but web search doesn't turn up
copy. They garbled it with the "gripenet" bit ... however, end of the
article (pg58):

There is a rumor that Wheeler may leave IBM and join his former
colleagues on the outside as consultant. "Right now he's pure gold
whatever way you slice him up," says one source. "IBM needs him and
the outside companies would probably pay anything to get him." However
you look at this ug of war, it can only be good news for IBM's VM
users.  "An enormous shop window is opening for them." said one
observer. "And what they'll discover in that window is a very powerful
tool to control their own destinies--and not have IBM do it."

... snip ...

John Boyd, January 23, 1927 - March 9, 1997, tribute in USNI
Proceedings,
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john for
those w/o membership ... it is here at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

When still undergraduate, I was one of 1st half dozen employess hired
into Boeing hdqtrs to help form Boeing Computer Services (consolidate
all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize
the investment) ... had mid-level title and could park in hdqtrs lot
at Boeing field. There was lots of politics, the CFO running the
effort, at the time only had 360/30 for doing payroll ... and had to
contend with the head of Renton datacenter. I thought that Renton may
have had the largest operation at the time with something between
$200M-$300M (60s dollars) in IBM 360s. When I started, 360/65s were
arriving in Renton faster than they could be installed, constant boxes
staged in the hallways around the machine room.

Later I would sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM. He would say that he
was vocal about the sensors on the trail wouldn't work ... so possibly
as punishment, they put him in charge of "spook base" (about the time
I was at Boeing) ... he would say it had the largest air conditioned
bldg. in that part of the world. One of Boyd's biographies says that
"spook base" was $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (ten times Boeing
Renton). "Spook Base" reference gone 404, but still lives on at the
wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boeing also had plan to replicated Renton up at the new 747 plant at
Paine field ... there was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer heats up
and a resulting mud slide takes out the Renton datacenter (the cost to
Boeing being w/o the datacenter for week would be more than the cost
of the datacenter).

When I graduated and first joined IBM, I drank the kool-aid and got
3piece suits for customer calls. I'd do technical presentations at
SHARE and lots of customers liked me to wander by their shops and talk
technology. One was manager of one of the largest (true blue, all-IBM)
financial datacenters on the east coast. At one point, the branch
manager horribly offended that customer. The customer decided it would
teach IBM a lesson and be the first non-university customer to order
an Amdahl machine (it would be a lonely red system in a vast sea of
blue systems). I got called in and told to go live onsite at the
customer for 6-12 months. I said I was really good friends with the
customer and knew it would change nothing. I was told that the branch
manager was really good sailing buddy of IBM's CEO and I needed to do
this to obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine. I
said I still couldn't see any reason to do it. I was told that if I
didn't obfuscate why the customer was ordering an Amdahl machine, it
would ruin the branch manager's career (best buds with IBM CEO) and I
could forget about having any career in IBM. I never wore a 3piece
suit again, a long career offending lots of people in IBM.

Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books,
1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the
70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being
shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with
giving clone processor makers market foothold:

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr
of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no
waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in
the shadow of defeat

...

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S
took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the
very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism
became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

and the 1st non-university, large commercial, true-blue IBM customer
to order one, they tried to blame on me ... obfuscation and
misdirection away from the branch manager. I had also continued to
work on 370 stuff all through the FS period, even periodically
ridiculing the FS work ... which also wasn't exactly career enhancing
activity.

other refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#104 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#13 Now Hear This-Prepare For The "To Be Or To Do" Moment

computer mediated conversation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
Boyd post & URls
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 11:35:17 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

The explanation I read was that then current car making plants didn't
need a rebuild to make Shermans. But to make heavy tanks, the plants
would have to be torn down and new ones put up.

I think a better main gun would have helped like a 75mm high velocity
gun. But it could be the chassis couldn't handle such.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#45 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

The british firefly sherman (retrofitted with heavy gun)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman_Firefly

also

M4 Sherman
https://ww2db.com/vehicle_spec.php?q=180

While Americans developed more lethal rounds to improve the M4 Sherman
tanks, the British took a different approach. Royal Tank Regiment Major
George Brighty led an effort to modify certain batches of M4 Sherman
tanks, particularly the M4 (Sherman I) and M4A4 (Sherman V) variants, so
that they would carry the larger caliber 17-pounder guns. The end result
were the Sherman Firefly tanks, which effectively became the most
powerfully gunned Allied tanks of World War II, capable of dueling the
feared German Panther and Tiger tanks. Sherman Firefly tanks were first
used by British and Commonwealth units on 6 Jun 1944 at the Normandy
landings, and were used until the end of the European War.

... snip ...

aka, the more "lethal rounds" and the "17-pounder" guns were
specifically for tank-on-tank.

The M-4 Sherman Tank Was Hell on Wheels -- And a Death Trap Fire-prone
tank had to outnumber its foes to win
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/the-m-4-sherman-tank-was-hell-on-wheels-and-a-death-trap-502b0d99e744

In the new film Fury, a single Tiger tank devastates a platoon of
Shermans advancing across Germany. Gus Stavros, a World War II veteran
who witnessed actual combat between a Sherman and a Tiger outside of the
town of Nennig, Germany, said the reality of pitched battle between the
two tanks was just as horrifying.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 17:08:46 -0800

Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:

Same in the Pacific. I just read a book about the Guadalcanal campaign. We
started out with inferior resources, but by the end we were just
overwhelming the Japanese with planes and ships.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#81 TCM's Moguls documentary series

"there have been past refernces to Halsey (marines) and MacArthur (army)
in competition to see who could kill the most US solders"

 ... rather than bypass/isolating islands.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 22:43:58 -0800

J. Clarke <jclarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:

No, that requires a modern fighter in full burner.

Catapult shots are more like 0-150 in 300 feet.

catapult
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_catapult
steam catapult types, performance, characteristics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_catapult#Steam_catapults_types

C-11 and C-11-1 225 feet (69 m) 211 feet (64 m) 39,000 pounds (18,000
kg) @ 136 knots; 70,000 pounds (32,000 kg) @ 108 knots SCB-27C Essex
class conversions, USS Coral Sea, bow installations on USS Midway and
USS Franklin D. Roosevelt, waist installations on USS Forrestal and USS
Saratoga

C-11-2 162 feet (49 m) 150 feet (46 m) Waist catapults on USS Midway and
USS Franklin Roosevelt

C-7 276 feet (84 m) 253 feet (77 m) 40,000 pounds (18,000 kg) @ 148.5
knots; 70,000 pounds (32,000 kg) @ 116 knots USS Ranger, USS
Independence, bow installations on USS Forrestal and USS Saratoga

C-13 265 feet (81 m) 250 feet (76 m) 78,000 pounds (35,000 kg) @ 139
knots Kitty Hawk class, USS Midway after SCB-101.66 modernization, USS
Enterprise

C-13-1 325 feet (99 m) 310 feet (94 m) 80,000 pounds (36,000 kg) @ 140
knots One installation on USS America and USS John F. Kennedy, All on
USS Nimitz, USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, USS Carl Vinson, and USS Theodore
Roosevelt

C-13-2 325 feet (99 m) 306 feet (93 m) USS Abraham Lincoln, USS George
Washington, USS John C. Stennis, USS Harry S. Truman

C-13-3 261 feet (80 m) 246 feet (75 m) 60,000 pounds (27,000 kg) @ 140
knots FNS Charles de Gaulle

... snip ...

electromagnetic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_catapult#Electromagnetic_Aircraft_Launch_System

periodic articles about still debugging
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Gerald_R._Ford
more on electromatic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Gerald_R._Ford#Performance_improvements

Replacing traditional steam catapults, the Electromagnetic Aircraft
Launch System (EMALS) will launch all carrier aircraft. This innovation
eliminates the traditional requirement to generate and store steam,
freeing up considerable area below-deck. With the EMALS, Gerald R. Ford
can accomplish 25% more aircraft launches per day than the Nimitz class
and requires 25% fewer crew members.

... snip ...

more
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_Aircraft_Launch_System

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#12 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#16 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#32 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#34 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#42 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#50 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#51 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#53 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Stockman (Reagan budget director) claims credit for accelerating SS
contribution increase so the money would be available for DOD ... and
for starting to tax SS benefits (taxed when the contributions paid
into SS and taxed again when benefits paid out). Under Carter, SS
contributions were revamped to cover baby boomers through retirement,
Stockman accelerated contribution increases to make more money in SS
Trust Fund for DOD. Double taxation of Social Security was also way of
providing more tax revenue (for DOD) w/o appearing to increase taxes.

How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/income-tax-social-security-became-114600083.html

Long winded article, about increasing SS contributions and starting to
tax benefits
http://dissidentvoice.org/2013/09/ronald-reagan-and-the-great-social-security-heist/

President Reagan and his advisors knew, from the very beginning, that
the government would soon face a severe cash shortage.  Budget
Director, David Stockman, had deliberately rigged the computer at the
Office of Management and Budget to generate bogus revenue forecasts in
an effort to convince Congress to enact Reagan's unaffordable proposed
tax cuts.  When Stockman first fed the data from Reagan's economic
proposals into the computer, he was shocked.  The computer forecast
that, if Reagan's proposals were enacted into law, massive budget
deficits would loom ahead for as far as the eye could see.

... snip ...

some past stockman SS related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#91 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#51 OT:  DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#37 GOP Announces Privatization Of Medicare And The Details Are TERRIFYING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#61 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#91 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#94 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#11 Attack SS Entitlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#30 $16T National Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#12 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#48 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#51 Taxing Social Security Benefits

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Recognized that congress had to appear to do something about the
economic mess, resulting in Dodd-Frank. Lots of Dodd-Frank was
enormously overly complex that would make it difficult or impossible
to devise regulations. Also instances of wallstreet lobbyists wrote
sections of the draft bill, the draft wording then leak, then same
people would publically ridicule the provisions ... all part of
discrediting the process.

Senate Democrats Join Hands With Republicans to Sell You Out to Banks
https://splinternews.com/senate-democrats-join-hands-with-republicans-to-sell-yo-1822119464
Democrats Add Momentum to G.O.P. Push to Loosen Banking Rules
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/15/us/politics/democrats-banking-rules.html

Dodd was high on "Friends of Mozilo" list
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
who is #1 on time's list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

"Confidence Men" pg430:

But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and
Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted
the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's
efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully
-- and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything
settled down.

... snip ...

Deja Vu on the Hill: Wall Street Lobbyists Roll Back Finance Reform,
Again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/deja-vu-on-the-hill-wall-street-lobbyists-roll-back-finance-reform-again-20130521
Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

Friends of Angelo were somewhat similar to the Keating FIve
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
during the S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
where Keating wrote them a memo that started out "Kill Black"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

S&L crises had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal
convictions with jail time, "economic mess" was 70 times larger,
proportionally there should be 70,000 criminal convictions.

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

some past posts specifically mentioning "friends of angelo"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#13 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#15 BREAKING: Trump Announces Big Gift To Banks Despite His Campaign Rhetoric Against Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#41 Are We Nearing a Cyber Sarbanes-Oxley?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#48 Janet Yellen debunks Trump's case for killing Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#106 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#108 Jamie Dimon: You Make Us Embarrassed to be Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#38 Bullying trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#72 When Working From Home Doesn't Work

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jan 2018 16:26:35 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

Eatern Pacific its a hurricane, once it crosses the International
Dateline, it gets a new name and is then called a typhoon.

National Hurricane Center
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#40 Hawaii missile alert: How one employee 'pushed the wrong button' and caused a wave of panic

Typhoon, Hurricane, Cyclone: What's the Difference?
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/09/130923-typhoon-hurricane-cyclone-primer-natural-disaster/

above also says

The number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes worldwide nearly doubled from
the early 1970s to the early 2000s. Moreover, both the duration of
tropical cyclones and their strongest wind speeds have increased by
about 50 percent over the past 50 years.

... snip ..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 20 Jan 2018 17:01:31 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

They did take on platoons of Shermans and took them out. And there
were always more Panthers than just one. Along with the 88mm
anti-aircraft/anti-tank guns.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#47 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#48 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#51 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#56 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

The Deadly 88 -- Was the German Flak 18/37 the best gun of World War II?
http://militaryhistorynow.com/2014/12/14/the-deadly-88-was-the-german-flak-1837-the-best-gun-of-world-war-ii/

Operation Battleaxe kicked off on June 15, 1941, Matildas advancing
towards the Halfaya Pass were cut down with surgical precision by just
five German 88s. Of the 18 Allied tanks put out of action on the first
day of the offensive, 15 fell victim to Flak 18s.

... and from comments

-German optics were unexcelled the entire war
-German anti tank rounds were far superior in penetration than
comparable shells of a similar caliber
-the 88 was designed as a flak weapon to engage aircraft at high
altittude. Engaging slow moving tanks at 3,000 yards meant a single gun
could engage an entire squadron and possibly destroy the lot before the
tanks could engage. You failed to mention the comparable rates of
fire. Since the 88 was not restricted by a tuet or interior of an
armored vehicle its rate of fire was significantly higher.

...

The truly AMAZING thing about the 88mm FLAK 36 L/56 was that although
they are credited with destroying 2,000 assorted vehicles in the Desert,
ROMMEL only had TWENTY of them in total of which 12 were considered
operational at any time.

... snip ...

German 88mm Anti-aircraft, Artillery Gun
http://worldwar2headquarters.com/HTML/weapons/german/88gun.html

Wheels were available for the cruciform mount when moving the gun. The
front and back legs of the cruciform would be attached to these wheels
so that it could be towed like a trailer. The side legs could be folded
up while traveling.

... snip ...

8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8.8_cm_Flak_18/36/37/41

The versatile carriage allowed the 8.8 cm FlaK to be fired in a limited
anti-tank mode when still on its wheels;[3] it could be completely
emplaced in only two and a half minutes.[3] Its successful use as an
improvised anti-tank gun led to the development of a tank gun based upon
it: the 8.8 cm KwK 36, with the "KwK" abbreviation standing for
Kampfwagen-Kanone (literally "battle vehicle cannon", or "main battle
tank cannon"), meant to be placed in a gun turret as the tank's primary
armament. This gun served as the main armament of the Tiger I heavy
tank.

... snip ...

German 88mm Artillery: Flak 18/36/37
https://www.defensemedianetwork.com/stories/german-88mm-artillery-flak-183637/

The German 88mm Flak has to be considered the most famous artillery
piece of World War II.

... and German officer quote (that I've seen before):

"Well, it's like this. I was on a hill as a battery commander with six
88mm anti-tank guns, and the Americans kept sending tanks down this
road...Every time they sent a tank we knocked it out. Finally we ran out
of ammunition and the Americans didn't run out of tanks."

... snip ...

WWII Weapons: The German 88mm Gun
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/wwii-weapons-the-german-88mm-gun/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The 17 equations that changed the course of history

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The 17 equations that changed the course of history
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

The 17 equations that changed the course of history
http://www.businessinsider.com/17-equations-that-changed-the-world-2014-3

previously posted:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#48 The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History

The "Big Short", pg113/loc1720-25:

Looking into it a bit, Jamie found that the model used by Wall Street
to price LEAPs, the Black-Scholes option pricing model, made some
strange assumptions. For instance, it assumed a normal, bell-shaped
distribution for future stock prices. If Capital One was trading at
$30 a share, the model assumed that, over the next two years, the
stock was more likely to get to $35 a share than to $40, and more
likely to get to $40 a share than to $45, and so on. This assumption
made sense only to those who knew nothing about the company. In this
case the model was totally missing the point: When Capital One stock
moved, as it surely would, it was more likely to move by a lot than by
a little.

... snip ...

They had already found that out in the case of "Long-Term Capital
Management" failure that threaten to take down the industry (there is
folklore that one weekend Greenspan called up ten institions and each
were to bring $300M and meet him).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-Term_Capital_Management

Several articles that individuals wanted the transaction
fees&commisions, models were tweaked until it permitted what they
wanted to do ... they didn't care what happened afterwards. ... claims
blaming Black-Scholes is just obfuscation ... business people telling
the risk managers to fiddle the inputs until the desired results were
achieved (GIGO)

How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/

Math, leverage and risk
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF20Dj03.html

It did not take the 2008 crisis to show Kevin Dowd and me that
value-at-risk (VaR), invented in the early 1990s, was utterly
unsound. Indeed its flaws were well known for several years before the
crash - the great mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot, in his 2004 The
Misbehavior of Markets, had pointed them out with mathematical
elegance we could not hope to match (Mandelbrot had pointed out flaws
in the emerging underlying theory as early as 1962).

... snip ...

Late 80s, calculations on CITIs ARM mortgage portfolio shows that
minor rate changes can result in bringing the bank down. At the time,
CITI was the largest player in the market, it then gets out of the
mortgage market, sells off its portfolio and requires private bailout
(Saudi prince) to stay in business.

The person responsible for the CITI portfolio calculations publishes a
number of industry articles in 2006 time-frame showing the
Black-Scholes calculations aren't accounting for the various kinds of
CDO risk (not even taking into account that the triple-A ratings
aren't accurate/correct and the lack of documentation on which to base
risk calculations).

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#75 Hillary Remains Clueless About Regulation on the 28th Anniversary of the Keating Five Meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#40 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#54 In Dramatic Decision Judge Finds Fed Bailout Of AIG Was "Illegal", Government "Violated Federal Reserve Act"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#11 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#42 Nobody saw the economic mess coming last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#1 Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#79 And the Award for Best Financial Crisis Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#82 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It Passes Patents to
Date: 20 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

IBM Has Become Almost Indistinguishable From the Patent Trolls It
Passes Patents to (Finjan for Example)
http://techrights.org/2018/01/03/ibm-becomes-another-microsoft/

Summary: IBM and Microsoft have adopted a similar patent strategy
which involves threatening a lot of companies for 'protection' money
and passing patents to patent trolls that threaten these same
companies some more

... snip ...

also

Microsoft, Masking/Hiding Itself Behind Patent Trolls, is Still Engaging in Patent Extortion
http://techrights.org/2018/01/18/microsoft-patent-extortion-in-cloud/

"The patent strategy is still similar; we just don't see Ballmer's
face anymore. He was at least honest about Microsoft's views about
GNU/Linux. Nadella just shamelessly lies about it."

... snip ...

some past patent troll posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#5 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#35 The Web's longest nightmare ends: Eolas' patents are dead on appeal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#88 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#14 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#64 "Death of the mainframe"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2018 08:06:14 -0800

mausg writes:

One source that I foget had it that captured 88s were still in store
in the Soviet Union during the 1980's as reserve weapons. The barrels
of such weapons would wear out fairly quickly, however. I was viewing
rifles some years ago, to replace my old .22, and looking down the
barrels of such guns[1] . A 22-250 gun's barrel was almost reduced to
smoothbore. High-velocity gun barrells do not last

[1] Second-hand guns.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#62 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

WWII Weapons: The German 88mm Gun
http://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/wwii-weapons-the-german-88mm-gun/

The use of the RA 9 and the modified carriage resulted in the 88mm FlaK
36. As the war progressed, the use of such propellants as Diglycol and
Gudol lessened barrel wear. The eventual replacement of copper driving
bands by sintered iron bands also lessened wear compared to the more
expensive and hard to find copper. These developments increased barrel
life to 6,000 -- and in some cases to 10,000 -- rounds, eliminating the
initial reason for the multi-barrels. But the German production lines
could not be easily changed, so the Nazis continued to produce the
expensive and time-consuming multi-barrels until the last year of the
war when a plant in Pilsen was able to produce a monobloc barrel using a
novel vertical centrifuge casting process.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2018 08:34:52 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

And the 'rate of fire' is done under the best conditions. Rather
quickly the gun crew is going to collapse from exhaustion.

We had two 5"/54 guns on the US Navy destroyer ( DDG ) I was stationed
on. They were loaded by a gun crew. They could rapid fire, for a few
minutes. After that, they had to slow down. We had star shell, general
purpose, and anti-tank rounds. How do I know that ? I asked one of the
gunner's mates who was part of the gun crew. I was also on several
working parties that loaded ammo onto the ship. At 5", the projectile
and powder are separate and loaded separately.

One gun turret, single barrel forward, one aft. We also had a dual
anti-air/anti-ship missle launcher. They was loaded upon button
pushes. The crew was inside the ship.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#62 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#65 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

Battle Ready: The National Coast Defense System and the Fortification of
Puget Sound, 1894-1925
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Ready-National-Fortification-1894-1925/dp/0874223202

In a presentation, the author mentioned they had very large crews/gun in
order to maintain firing rate ... because of the streneous physical
effort/fatigue. Some of the guns & crew were sent to Europe in WW1.

Triangle of Fire - The Harbor Defenses of Puget Sound (1897-1953)
http://www.historylink.org/File/7524

Rate of fire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rate_of_fire

For artillery pieces, a gun on a towed mount can usually achieve a
higher rate of fire than the same weapon mounted within the cramped
confines of a tank or self-propelled gun. This is because the crew
operating in the open can move more freely and can stack ammunition
where it is most convenient. Inside a vehicle, ammunition storage may
not be optimized for fast handling due to other design constraints, and
crew movement may be constricted.

... snip ...

doesn't mention larger crew size alternating/trading off.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
Date: 21 Jan 2017
Blog: Facebook

Pushing Out Immigrants Isn't About the Economy
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/01/temporary-protected-status-el-salvador/550349/

There was significant increase in congressional lobbying to turn blind
eye to the enormous explosion in illegal workers that occurred after
the start of the century.

This is book written how (national) chamber of commerce around the
turn of the century became center of intensive congressional lobbying
(including ignoring the illegal worker issue) ... and it got so bad
that local chapters started divorcing themselves from the national
organization. "The Influence Machine: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and
the Corporate Capture of American Life"
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

In 1992, AMEX spins off a lot of its backend dataprocessing and
payment transaction outsourcing business in the largest IPO (up until
that time) as "First Data". Later in the 90s, "First Data" and "First
Financial" were competition for acquiring Western Union and "First
Data" dropped out (in part because of WU poor financial health). Then
in late 90s, First Data and First Financial merge (First Data had to
spin off MoneyGram as part of the merger).

After the turn of the century there was an enormous explosion in
illegal workers being brought in and the workers sending their wagess
home. As a result, WU revenue also exploded after the turn of the
century and by 2005 it was half of First Data's bottom line. Possibly
in part because the president of Mexico invited First Data executives
to Mexico to be thrown in jail (for the amount of money they were
making off the illegal workers), First Data spins off Western Union.

"Influence Machine" also has quite a bit on Boehner; "They Pray to the
Money"; House Republicans Decry Speaker John Boehner's
Lobbyist-Friendly Congress
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/pray-money-house-republicans-decry-speaker-john-boehner-lobbyist-run-congress/
also article same day, "Donald Trump Says He Can Buy Politicians, None
of His Rivals Disagree"
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/08/07/donald-trump-buy/

I'm surprised about how much obfuscation and misdirection there is
... 2000-2005 there was enormous uptic in large corporations bringing
in illegal workers ... all the focus is elsewhere. Note in 90s,
congress had GAO do reports on the subject ... but after 2000 I was
unable to find any interest by congress in such facts.

chamber of commere posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#90 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#91 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#92 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#44 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#102 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#106 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#77 Trump's crackdown focuses on people in the U.S. illegally - but not on the businesses that hire them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#9 Which States Account for Our Trade Deficit with Mexico?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes

other posts mentioning illegal worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#55 LA Times commentary:  roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#12 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#162 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#169 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#7 Mandated Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#15 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#27 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#78 Fed agency blames giant hack on 'neglected' security system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#46 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#100 Ray Tomlinson, inventor of modern email, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#51 Penn Central PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#49 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#107 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#2 Trump is taking the wrong approach to China on tech, says ex-Reagan official who helped beat Soviets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#24 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#114 EasyLink email ad
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#41 Commercial grade ink and paper (Western Union)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2018 14:05:47 -0800

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#54 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#62 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#65 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

somebody just posted

Tiger Day IX - 28 April 2018 | The Tank Museum
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNtutNkZsDU&feature=youtu.be

In 2018, Tiger Day will take place on both 28 April and 15
September. These two dates will be the only opportunities all year to
see Tiger 131, the only functioning Tiger 1 in the world, running. For
Tiger fans this is a day not to be missed!
http://tankmuseum.org/whats-on/events/bovevt64010

World of Tanks
http://tankmuseum.org/year-news/bovnews53673

The Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset BH20 6JG

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 10:20:44 -0800

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
https://warontherocks.com/2018/01/next-new-military-specialty-software-developers/

To be clear, cyber warriors are not software developers. A common
misperception is that cyber refers to anything involving computers.
Cyber teams design weapons, not user interfaces and reports. They write
code, but not in MySQL, Python, or Ruby. They are not creating new tools
and systems to improve efficiency within their services. The services
have created no occupational specialties for software coders or even
skill identifiers for qualified personnel. To remain a dominant force in
the Information Age, the U.S. military -- all four services -- must
create a corps of software developers in uniform.

... snip ...

however, military-industrial complex cyber/dataprocessing calls over the
past several decades more commonly seem like justification for more
money but never actually change things ... still seem to have a cyber
dumb culture

I've frequently referenced former AMEX president involved in
private-equity activity ... then RJR
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
IBM
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
and then back to private equity
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/

Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a
Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87
billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted
George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James
Baker III on its employee roster

.... snip ....

part of lobbying and significant uptic in outsourcing (especially to
private-equity owned companies) after the turn of the century
... including buying the beltway bandit that will employ snowden
... here 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us which also
significantly accelerated the rapidly spreading success of failure
culture especially cyber/dataprocessing efforts:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
former AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

past cyber dumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#49 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#0 Deep State: Inside the Government Secrecy Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#12 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#22 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#23 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#34 UN to Five Eyes nations: Your mass surveillance is breaking the law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#65 New Military Gear Doesn't Have to Cost a Fortune
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#45 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#44 Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 10:42:56 -0800

JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:

One idiotic comment I have seen on several WW2 you tube videos are the
claim that they are photoshopped. Then people point out that the
software and the computers to do that didn't exist back then, and
those are actual combat photographer films converted to digital and
uploaded.

We found my wife's fathers status reports at (college park) national
archives ... he was command of engineering combat battalion in 8th
armored division
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_(United_States) and
then command of engineering combat group (sort of variation on
regiment/brigade) ... fluid organization changing type and number of
engineering combat battalions (3-6) as needed. Towards the end he was
frequently ranking officer in enemy territory and acquired a collection
of german officer daggers in surrenders

As young child my wife helped him with putting together albums of his
WW2 pictures ... including some liberated camp pictures (which she never
wants to see again).  we conjecture that experience of camp liberation
was why he refused further command in Germany (after end of
hostilities), even when promised promotion to general ... continuing to
refuse until retired in the 60s (possibly as punishment they made him
military advisor to Chang Kai Shek and he brought his family over to
Nanking in 1947) ... some WW2 status report past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#37 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#7 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#33 Crossing the Rhine - 70 Years Ago Today - In Pictures!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#38 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#66 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#7 The 1970s engineering recession

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:18:44 -0800

Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:

"To remain a dominant force in the Information Age, the U.S. military
-- all four services -- must create a corps of software developers in
uniform."

Because civilian contractors can't be trusted to do what they've
been doing for decades?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

so one scenario it is just excuse for getting more money in their
budget. another scenario/excuse is they are trying to bypass the
lengthy/complicated acquisition process (and the success of failure
culture).

enormous uptic in outsourcing after turn of century and the rapidly
spreading success of failure culture

we looked at situation where vendor that had done a website said it
would be $10M to add two new web pages to the website. It might take a
year or more.

a common refrain is "don't leave money on the table" ... new large,
3year contract involving multiple vendors (prime and multiple subs)
where we pointed out that what they were doing wouldn't work. Their
reply was they would follow letter of the contract; they said that they
might consider suggesting what would work in a follow-on contract
... after the current one runs out ... otherwise it would be leaving
money on the table.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

as aside, there have been several examples where people in theater have
done enhancements to physical equipment based on live experience.
somebody might be thinking that people closer to live user may be able
to better tailor software to real use.

slightly related, I've done a project or two with somebody that claimed
he had coined the term COTS for government (primarily dataprocessing).
We've had lots of discussions about COTS save huge amount of money
... and may even be higher quality/function ... when the
consumer/commercial use is similar to government/military use
... however there have been lots of situations where there are attempts
to force COTS for things that it was never intended for.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 12:09:08 -0800

Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:

Some eyebrows will be raised if this tries to bypass the purchasing
bureaucracy

Not that this is a bad thing, Beltway Bandits are not a Good Thing for
anyone but themselves and their lobbyists.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#69 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#71 The Next New Military Specialty Should Be Software Developers

some latest on acquisition:

DoD Restructures Acquisition, Technology Office to Improve Military
Lethality, Speed
https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1265231/dod-restructures-acquisition-technology-office-to-improve-military-lethality-sp/
This is the Pentagon's new acquisition structure
https://www.defensenews.com/breaking-news/2017/08/02/this-is-the-pentagons-new-acquisition-structure/
New Pentagon report changes DOD acquisition and tech approach
https://defensesystems.com/articles/2017/08/08/dod-acquisition.aspx

but there is always the suspicion that it is just another gimmick by MIC
to extract more money. There is the whole thing about Iraq2 was just
money for MIC. corporate representatives approach former eastern bloc
countries and tell them if they vote for invasion of iraq in the UN,
they will get approval to join NATO and directed appropriation USAID
(that can only be used for buying modern arms from US
military-industrial complex).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

original justification for IRAQ2 was Iraq supported Al-Queda and it
would only cost $50B. Then changed to (non-existant) WMDs ... although
they did find decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to US in Iran/Iraq war)
early in the invasion ... but that information was kept classified for
decade.

Since then GAO reported that there was $60B in pallets of shrink wrapped
$100 bills airlifted to Iraq that there is no real accounting for (some
used to pay bribes and tribute to reduce violence during the surge).
Also Iraq no-bid contracts involving tens (hundreds?)  of billions. Two
wars over $5T (with long-term benefits) and "forever wars" continuing

John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/

Here too Boyd had a favorite line. He often said, 'It is not true the
Pentagon has no strategy. It has a strategy, and once you understand
what that strategy is, everything the Pentagon does makes sense. The
strategy is, don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.'

... snip ...

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
Boyd posts & URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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