List of Archived Posts

2014 Newsgroup Postings (02/28 - 03/27)

Tech Time Warp of the Week: Check Out Mid-'90s Netscape, the Coolest Startup in Silicon Valley
RSA 2014: Target Breach Has Bigger Impact on Data Security than Snowden, says Vormetric
Royal Pardon For Turing
Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
Microsoft culture must change, chairman says
NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David Miranda
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
[OT ] Mainframe memories
Write Inhibit
IBM ACS
Write Inhibit
Write Inhibit
Write Inhibit
[OT ] Mainframe memories
[OT ] Mainframe memories
IBM ACS
[OT ] Mainframe memories
[OT ] Mainframe memories
[OT ] Mainframe memories
Write Inhibit
Royal Pardon For Turing
[OT ] Mainframe memories
Apple's long IRS-Irish history
[OT ] Mainframe memories
Long lived code? Long live long lived code!?
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
[CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
Missed Alarms and 40 Million Stolen Credit Card Numbers: How Target Blew It
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Computer museums
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
[CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
NASA-Funded Study Investigates Collapse of Industrial Civilization
Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
[CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
FDIC Sues 16 Big Banks That Set Key Rate
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
The CIA's new "family jewels": Going back to Church?
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
Cracking IBM Mainframe Password Hashes
Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
Internet founders say flexible framework was key to explosive growth
The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
Littoral Warfare Ship
Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
The Federal Reserve: Masters Of The Universe Or Trapped Incompetents?
Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
NJE Clarifications
Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
Kleptocrats hiding funds in US warned 'we will find you'
IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot
Eisenhower's military-industrial warning rings truer than ever
S&P Judge Tentatively Rules It Must Face Deception Claims
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Parallel programming may not be so daunting
Royal Pardon For Turing
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Parallel programming may not be so daunting
Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Enterprise Cobol 5.1
IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
IBM India Battles Fraud Amid Scramble To Save Its $2.5B Airtel Contract
New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
ebooks
IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot
Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
The SEC Finally Takes an Interest in Collateralized Loan Obligations
ebooks
New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
Reflexivity
How the IETF plans to protect the web from NSA snooping
Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code
ebooks
After Target, Neiman Marcus breaches, does PCI compliance mean anything?
The IBM Strategy
Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims
The IBM Strategy
Citigroup Fails Fed Stress Test as BofA Gets Dividend Boost

Tech Time Warp of the Week: Check Out Mid-'90s Netscape, the Coolest Startup in Silicon Valley

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Tech Time Warp of the Week: Check Out Mid-'90s Netscape, the Coolest Startup in Silicon Valley
Date: 28 Feb 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/5ZaaTbLTgJy

Tech Time Warp of the Week: Check Out Mid-'90s Netscape, the Coolest Startup in Silicon Valley
http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/2014/02/tech-time-warp-netscape

we were brought in to consult with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce" (we had previously worked with two people that were responsible for their "commerce server", when they were at Oracle).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

RSA 2014: Target Breach Has Bigger Impact on Data Security than Snowden, says Vormetric

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: RSA 2014: Target Breach Has Bigger Impact on Data Security than Snowden, says Vormetric
Date: 28 Feb 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/SyvEE3R8iCf

RSA 2014: Target Breach Has Bigger Impact on Data Security than Snowden, says Vormetric
http://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/view/37169/rsa-2014-target-breach-has-bigger-impact-on-data-security-than-snowden-says-vormetric

More than decade ago we were tangentially involved with the Cal. state data breach legislation. We had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature legislation and many of the participants were heavily involved with privacy issues. They had done extensive public privacy surveys and the #1 issue was financial fraud as result of breaches. The problem is that normally security measures are taken in self protection. The issue with breaches is that the institution isn't at risk, but the public and so there was little motivation to take countermeasures. There was some hope that the publicity from notifications would prompt countermeasures. In the more than a decade since the cal. legislation there have been similar acts passed in other states. There have also been several notifications acts introduced in congress (none have passed), about equally divided between similar to cal's act and acts that would effectively eliminate requirement for notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

For-profit corporations now account for 70% of intelligence budget and over half the people ... and possibly have little motivation in taking security countermeasures (similar to their retail counterparts). The agency also has the Success Of Failure issue
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

one issue in the above incident was that the whistleblower just reported to the responsible parties in congress and there was no release of classified information ... and was still charged the same as person in the most recent incident (and charges only relatively recently dropped).

I believe it is security classification ... IBM (use to have?) had with increasing levels of data protection "IBM Internal Use Only", "IBM Confidential", "IBM Confidential - Restricted", and "IBM Registered Confidential". There was a industrial espionage case over 30yrs ago involving plans for unannounced 3380 walking out the door. IBM was claiming a couple billion in damages. Judge ruled that IBM had to show security procedures proportional to value. As aside in the late 70s I had a whole raft of "IBM Registered Confidential" documents having to do with 370/xa ... besides all sorts of locks ... office was regularly checked after hours for unsecured documents along with random inventory audit of documents in my possession (Registered Confidential included each document copy having unique serial number)

posts mentioning electronic signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
posts mentioning data breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification
posts mentioning security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2014 18:52:40 -0500
JimP. <pongbill127@cableone.net> writes:
Sec Defense Hague wants to reduce the US Army to pre-WW2 size.

The Secretary of Defense Wants an Army of Just 450,000; And that's not as bad as you think
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/8287c8e122a0

mentions 570,000 active in 2011 with forces in both Iraq and Afghanistan. there is some discussion about degree of effectiveness ... part of WW2 strategy was overwhelming resources to defeat enemies ... lots of raw brute force ground forces.

the draw down in Iraq & Afghanistan reduces army role and emphasis on ground troops ... the "asia/pacific pivot" increases emphasis on navy & air force roles (along with various special forces).
http://www.defense.gov/News/newsarticle.aspx?ID=119505

i've mentioned gao report about desert storm ... significant percentage of iraqi tanks were taken out by air strikes before the ground war began and iraqis began walking away from their tanks (because they were sitting ducks). Later coalition tanks were reporting completely destroying large number of iraqi tanks w/o taking any damage ... however there are no numbers about how many of those iraqi tanks actually had anybody home.
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#15 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#52 US Army hopes to replace 25% of soldiers with robots by 2040
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#58 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
Date: 28 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb; Got to get educated before we can defeat Internet threats
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/30a00a8d29ad

Internet threats are just a small part. Boyd used millions of dollars of supercomputer time for E/M and F16 design, F16 was already part way to being a drone with "fly-by-wire", F22 has 1.7M lines-of-code, F35 was originally suppose to be 5.7M lines-of-code but has exploded now to 24M lines-of-code. Software plays major role in gov. dataprocessing modernization failures and the spreading Success of Failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

In the 90s, half of the advanced technical degrees from Cal. univ. went to students born on the other-side of the pacific ... and they were at least half the silicon valley population that fueled the internet bubble (I come from era in silicon valley when there use to be a joke that there were only 200 of us ... we just moved around a lot)

Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

a few more (software) failures ...

Government Software Project Failure
http://defense.about.com/od/prodinnovate/a/Government-Software-Project-Failures.htm
World's Biggest 'Agile' Software Project Close To Failure
http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/05/25/139218/worlds-biggest-agile-software-project-close-to-failure
The scariest software project horror stories of 2012
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9234581/The_scariest_software_project_horror_stories_of_2012
Study: 68 percent of IT projects fail
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/projectfailures/study-68-percent-of-it-projects-fail/1175
Billion-Dollar Flop: Air Force Stumbles on Software Plan
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/09/technology/air-force-stumbles-over-software-modernization-project.html?_r=0

software complexity possibly plays a little bit here too

Opinion: Does the Pentagon give contractors an incentive for slow R&D?
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_02_24_2014_p16-664173.xml

Target Breach Has Bigger Impact on Data Security than Snowden, says Vormetric
http://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/view/37169/rsa-2014-target-breach-has-bigger-impact-on-data-security-than-snowden-says-vormetric

More than decade ago we were tangentially involved with the Cal. state data breach legislation. We had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature legislation and many of the participants were heavily involved with privacy issues. They had done extensive public privacy surveys and the #1 issue was financial fraud as result of breaches. The problem is that normally security measures are taken in self protection. The issue with breaches is that the institution isn't at risk, but the public and so there was little motivation to take countermeasures. There was some hope that the publicity from notifications would prompt countermeasures. In the more than a decade since the cal. legislation there have been similar acts passed in other states. There have also been several notifications acts introduced in congress (none have passed), about equally divided between similar to cal's act and acts that would effectively eliminate requirement for notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

posts mentioning electronic signature act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

we were tangentially involved with the Cal. state data breach legislation. We had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature legislation and many of the participants were heavily involved with privacy issues. They had done extensive public privacy surveys and the #1 issue was financial fraud as result of skimming, breaches, etc. The problem is that normally security measures are taken in self protection. The issue with breaches is that the institution isn't at risk, but the public and so there was little motivation to take countermeasures. There was some hope that the publicity from notifications would prompt countermeasures. In the more than a decade since the cal. legislation there have been similar acts passed in other states. There have also been several notifications acts introduced in congress (none have passed), about equally divided between similar to cal's act and acts that would effectively eliminate requirement for notification

we've used a couple metaphors about the current paradigm

dual-use ... since information from previous transactions can be used for fraudulent transactions, that information has to be kept totally confidential and never divulged. at the same time the same information is required in dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the world. we've periodically commented that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop leakage

security proportional to risk ... the value of the transaction information to the merchants is the profit on the transactions, which can be a couple dollars (and a couple cents for the transaction processor) ... the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit ... as a result the crooks can afford to outspend the defenders by a factor of 100 times.

posts mentioning security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

For-profit corporations now account for 70% of intelligence budget and over half the people ... and possibly have little motivation in taking security countermeasures (similar to their retail counterparts). The agency also has the Success Of Failure issue
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

one issue in the above incident was that the whistleblower just reported to the responsible parties in congress and there was no release of classified information ... and was still charged the same as person in the most recent incident (and charges only relatively recently dropped).

Success Of Failure implies it hasn't been "UP" for some time

NSA director calls for stronger strategy to deter cyberattacks
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/nsa-director-calls-for-stronger-deterrent-strategy-to-oppose-cyberattacks/2014/02/27/aabd3d92-9fd4-11e3-a050-dc3322a94fa7_story.html

from above:
"So our ability to stop [terrorist attacks] has gone down just when they'e growing," he said. "Look at Syria, Iraq, all of that. And I am concerned, over the next 12 months, something ... bad will happen."

... snip ...

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

we've used a couple metaphors about the current (payment) paradigm

dual-use ... since information from previous transactions can be used for fraudulent transactions, that information has to be kept totally confidential and never divulged. at the same time the same information is required in dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the world. we've periodically commented that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop leakage

security proportional to risk ... the value of the transaction information to the merchants is the profit on the transactions, which can be a couple dollars (and a couple cents for the transaction processor) ... the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit ... as a result the crooks can afford to outspend the defenders by a factor of 100 times.

security proportional to risk posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

... from military standpoint no skilled military officer would choose to defend such a poor position ... unfortunately there are a lot of special interests in preserving the status quo.

disclaimer: we were brought in to consult with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they also had invented this technology called "SLL" which they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat having done "electronic commerce", in the mid-90s were asked to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. As part of the effort we did detailed end-to-end threat analysis of several different modes of payments. The result was the x9.59 financial transaction standard. X9.59 didn't do anything to prevent breaches ... what it did do was eliminate the usefulness of information from previous transactions to crooks ... which then eliminated the motivation for crooks to do breaches (and therefor the fraudulent financial risk to the public). Since the major purpose in the world today for "SSL" is the hiding of financial transaction information in "electronic commerce", it also eliminate the major use of "SSL" in the world today.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Mar 2014 08:48:27 -0500
ERSHC <ershc123@invalid.invalid> writes:
I can drive from Boston to Miami on I-95. I understand it was part of a US government run construction project. I don't know any individuals in the "funding insterstate construction" business, do you? I can turn a tap and get water out of my wall. I believe that my city government has the monopoly supplying and billing for that. There must be thousands of functioning public utlities in the USA alone.

there has been recent news articles about Chicago gov. sellng some of its "assets" to Saudi Arabia.

this is besides recent news that the family of 9/11 victims have been allowed to sue the gov. of Saudi Arabia (as responsible for 9/11 attacks) ... previously the position was that they weren't allowed to sue a gov. for terrorist attacks (somewhat making Iraq & Afghanistan misidection). A recent point was some of this has been made possible by increasing US energy independence and the changing world energy geo-economic climate.

there was also Boston's "Big Dig" ... mostly funded by fed. gov., originally was suppose to be $2B ... but then went to over $20B ... some comment that US owed it to the state of Mass. I remember living in Mass and some comment about use of water soluable asphalt as part of subsidey to the road industry and non-stop need for road repair.

and more private equity activity

We Sue CalPERS Over Denial of Our Private Equity Public Records Act Request
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/sue-calpers-denial-private-equity-public-records-act-request.html

post mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Mar 2014 09:06:46 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#102 Royal Pardon For Turing
and
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/WX4DNXecgCA
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/5j3jxAcapjM

How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/how-the-fed-let-the-world-blow-up-in-2008/284054/
Ben Bernanke's Biggest Mistake; New documents show the Fed's critical error in focusing too much on banks rather than the real economy.
http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2014/02/september_2008_fomc_meeting_transcripts_reveal_ben_bernanke_s_biggest_mistake.html

aka let them come off as incompetent and not knowing what they are doing

The Greatest Propaganda Coup Of Our Time?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-01/greatest-propaganda-coup-our-time

from above:
While this is effective propaganda, it's basically a lie, mainly because it diverts attention from the Fed's role in crashing the financial system, preventing the remedies that were needed from being implemented (nationalizing the giant Wall Street banks), and coercing Congress into approving gigantic, economy-killing bailouts which shifted trillions of dollars to insolvent financial institutions that should have been euthanized.

... snip ...

posts mentioning Bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 02 Mar 2014 09:16:35 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Single payer even badly implemented and administrated by a government would deliver health care where and when it was needed for everyone at a cost lower than is currently been spending.

Why Oncologists Should Support Single-Payer National Health Insurance
http://org.salsalabs.com/o/307/images/Drasga%20Einhorn%20authors%20proof-edited%20%281%29.pdf

posts in the health care, medicare, medicaid thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#94 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#18 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#25 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#105 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
Date: 2 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-27/n-y-barclays-libor-traders-said-to-face-u-k-charges.html

from above:
The Libor Scandal Sets Off a Wave of Probes

These would be the first U.S.-based individuals charged in the British probe. Most of the eight people charged by U.S. authorities in their rate-rigging investigations worked in the U.K. Global enforcement agencies are investigating whether more than a dozen firms colluded to manipulate the rate, with about $6 billion in fines levied to date.


... snip ...

related brought up in this article on Gold "Fix" (some claims that it is much worse tha Libor)
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-28/gold-fix-study-shows-signs-of-decade-of-bank-manipulation.html

from above:
The Libor Scandal Sets Off a Wave of Probes

Abrantes-Metz advises the European Union and the International Organization of Securities Commissions on financial benchmarks. Her 2008 paper "Libor Manipulation?" helped uncover the rigging of the London interbank offered rate, which has led financial firms including Barclays Plc (BARC) and UBS AG to be fined about $6 billion in total. She is a paid expert witness to lawyers, providing economic analysis for litigation. Metz heads credit policy research at ratings company Moody's.


... snip ...

then there is letting them come off as incompetent and not knowing what they are doing

The Greatest Propaganda Coup Of Our Time?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-01/greatest-propaganda-coup-our-time

from above:
While this is effective propaganda, it's basically a lie, mainly because it diverts attention from the Fed's role in crashing the financial system, preventing the remedies that were needed from being implemented (nationalizing the giant Wall Street banks), and coercing Congress into approving gigantic, economy-killing bailouts which shifted trillions of dollars to insolvent financial institutions that should have been euthanized.

... snip ...

about

How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/how-the-fed-let-the-world-blow-up-in-2008/284054/
Ben Bernanke's Biggest Mistake; New documents show the Fed's critical error in focusing too much on banks rather than the real economy.
http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2014/02/september_2008_fomc_meeting_transcripts_reveal_ben_bernanke_s_biggest_mistake.html

note that in the wake of Enron&Worldcom ... claims in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future occurrences ... guaranteeing executives and auditors would go to jail, but it required SEC to do something. However, possibly because even GAO didn't believe anything SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing uptic after SOX (and nobody doing jail time). There have been articles that the statue of limitations for many of the violations predating 2008 have expired .... however, they would still be prosecutable under SOX.

The congressional Madoff hearings had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. He was asked if new regulations were needed. His response was that while new regulations might be needed, much more important was transparency and visibility. He also mentioned that tips/whistleblowers turn up 13 times more fraud than audits.

Madoff said JPMorgan executives knew of his fraud: lawsuit
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/20/us-jpmorgan-madoff-idUSBREA1J21W20140220

As an aside, in the late 90s, I was brought into NSCC (before its merge with DTC to become DTCC) and asked to improve the integrity of exchange trading transactions. I worked on it for awhile ... and then got a call saying it was suspended ... a side effect of the integrity work would have greatly increased transparency and visibility ... antithetical to wallstreet culture. At the time there was comment about issue with possible 30% of the offers and acceptance (HFT has greatly exploded that number).

posts mentioning Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
posts mentioning sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
posts mentioning madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
posts mentioning enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Microsoft culture must change, chairman says

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Microsoft culture must change, chairman says
Date: 2 Mar 2014
Blog: Wild Ducks
Microsoft culture must change, chairman says
http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2014/02/27/microsoft-culture-must-change-chairman-says/

How IBM Was Left Behind ... 28Dec1992:
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

from above
Only a year ago, IBM reorganized its operations into 13 semiautonomous units, called "Baby Blues." The latest round of cuts will include the first layoffs in the company's history and will lead to a $6 billion write-off for the fourth quarter. IBM is expected to post a net loss of about $4.8 billion for the year -- the second largest in American corporate history.

... snip ...

"Baby Blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. After we had left the company ... we got a call if we could help inventory all the inter-divisional MOUs ... that included things like one operating unit was piggy-backing on supplier contract out of a different operating unit. There were enormous number of these interdependencies that would complicate actually breaking IBM into 13 separate companies. Later the board brings in Gerstner to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company.

posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

I've also told about late 80s when a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at an annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference. Supposedly the talk was going to be about 3174 performance, but he opened the talk with the comment that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had a stranglehold on datacenters with strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were fighting hard to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base ... doing whatever they could to prevent client/server and distributed computing. The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the flight ... but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

posts mentioning communication group terminal emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

It was only a couple years earlier that the top executives were predicting that world-wide revenue was going to double, mostly based on mainframe revenue ... and had kicked off internal building program to double mainframe product manufacturing capacity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David Miranda

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David Miranda
Date: 5 Mar 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/YjoYvoLB3hw

NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David ; Keith Alexander says revelations have caused "grave damage" and claims officials are making "headway" on 'media leaks'
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/04/nsa-chief-keith-alexander-david-miranda

Article mentions that during the Alexander Q&A ... they stopped the Guardian reporter from asking a question ... saying that Q&A was only open to attendees (not the press)

International Engagement on Cyber 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014

somebody talked me into going ... but I think it was just to get me riled up that nothing has changed in 20yrs except the bad guys have gotten better. I pontificated being backed into doing strong authentication for international financial transactions standard because of EU-DPD ... but found lots of confusion in US about authentication versus identification ... Inglis then needled me about non-repudiation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

did run into somebody from Finland and we got sidetracked talking about Boyd.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

With respect to Inglis and the non-repudiation dig, in financial standards meetings there were various gov. people including representation from the agency (especially given their crypto bent). There was a security acronym PAIN/CAIN:
privacy/confidentiality,
authentication,
identification, and
non-repudiation


For the transaction standard I had to eliminate identification & non-repudiation (and there is lots of old email on the subject) ... then when I helped word-smith the (cal state) electronic signature legislation, the lawyers really put end to non-repudiation because it had very precise legal definition (and was not a security theme).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

there was some cybercrime vis-a-vis drug crime. note somebody from treasury gave a talk in the middle east in 2005 and happened to say cybercrime was larger than drug crime ... which was picked up and reverberated around the world, old post from 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#47

after they took a lot of heat for saying it, I got an email asking if I would find an open source reference. All the LEO-sites around the world, including Intepol, DOJ, FBI, etc. had readily available drug crime details. However, all cybercrime info was need-to-know and required authorized userid/password. It took me over 2hrs to find an open source reference with actual numbers.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Mar 2014 09:46:21 -0500
tv sound bite just now, recent report that US ranks 17th in the top 17 developed countries in health care outcomes ... and 48th of 48th in top countries in health care effectiveness per dollar.

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#12 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#18 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#25 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#105 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#6 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Mar 2014 09:11:18 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
By any measure the murders of 9/11 was a statistical blip but side effects continuos to affect the daily lives of a lot of people more than a decade later.

... and recently the families of 9/11 victims have been allowed to sue (in federal court) the gov. of saudia arabia as responsible for 9/11 (after previously being told it was not possible to sue a gov. as responsible for terrorists activity) ... making the afghanistan and iraqi activities obfuscation and misdirection. this somewhat re-inforces the accusations that the members of the previous administration had way too cozy relationships with the saudis.

recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Mar 2014 11:09:16 -0500
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
So are you asserting that someone named Bush appointed the judge that made the old ruling? And the new judge was a non-Bush appointee? Or do you just want to imply that?

I don't give a damn for either Bush, but why the weasel wording? If you have something to say, say it.

How a government becomes responsible for the actions of certain people kind of eludes me. I suppose there is some intricate network of "findings" that lawyers can uncover so that the "new way" all makes sense ... .


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal pardon For Turing

I was at recent conference where there was presentation on growing US energy independence ... and that has radically changed the world geo-energy landscape (there have been a number of recent articles on the subject). That change is more adjacent in time to the change in (saudi 9/11) legal ruling than the change in administration.

there have been various finger-pointing at members of the previous administration and other finger-pointing at the overall country's economic condition.

previous post had references to earlier posts with a number of URLs to articles that explore details of the various possibilities and alternatives.

there are also more than single motivation for Iraq & Afghanistan ... not just misdirection away from Saudis ... excuse to increase flow of funds into MICC, possibility resume flow of drugs that had been cut by taliban (and things like too big to fail have been repeatedly caught money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists).

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
posts mentioning team b spinning details in support of MICC funding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
posts mentioning to too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

recent posts mentioning the taliban
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#69 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#96 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#43 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#46 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Mar 2014 12:22:59 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#12 Royal pardon For Turing

and now for something completely different ... more recent conference on tuesday ... I think I got con'ed into going just to rile me up that little has changed in 20yrs other than bad guys have gotten better.

International Engagement on Cyber 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014

article from weds about the conference.

NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David ; Keith Alexander says revelations have caused "grave damage" and claims officials are making "headway" on 'media leaks'
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/04/nsa-chief-keith-alexander-david-miranda

i've also made comments in google+ (where I also pontificate a little on cybercrime and drug crime)
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/YjoYvoLB3hw

I was cut off once at the microphone because they had to keep alexander on schedule. However, they let me pontificate in the panel discussion that had Hayden (former director), Ingles (former deputy director) and some others.

I mentioned having done international financial industry transaction standard and sort of being backed into strong authentication because of EU-DPD (data privacy directive) ... while working on the US financial industry privacy standard found lots of confusion in US regarding authentication and identification. Also mentioned for privacy standard working with people responsible for gov. health privacy (HIPAA) and identifying that financial statement metadata can leak PII data (in violation of HIPAA) ... was suppose to be question ... but more observation about difficulty reconciling us and europe.

Ingles then needles me about non-repudiation

Turns out that in financial standard meetings had agency representatives ... especially in light of their interest in crypto. They (and others) had a security acroynum PAIN/CAIN:
privacy/confidentiality authenticaiton identification non-repudiation

and I had to do away with "identification" and non-repudiation (which agency people didn't really care for). Later we were also brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act ... where the lawyers really laid into non-repudiation as having a very specific legal definition (and not security).

some past posts mentioning financial transaction standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959
some past posts on ssl domain name certificates that also may wander into non-repudiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert
some past posts mentioning electronic signature act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:56:11 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#12 Royal pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#13 Royal pardon For Turing

besides URLs from (referenced) past postings ... search engine URL for "9/11 families sue saudi arabia"
https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&as_q=9%2F11+families+sue+saudia+arabia&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_nlo=&as_nhi=&lr=lang_en&cr=&as_qdr=all&as_sitesearch=&as_occt=any&safe=images&tbs=lr%3Alang_1en&as_filetype=&as_rights=#as_qdr=all&hl=en&lr=lang_en&q=9%2F11+families+sue+saudi+arabia&tbs=lr:lang_1en

one of the things that also came out recently is that FBI had mole in Al Qaeda and was present when Ben Laden was talking about funding for terrorist attacks in the US ... and this information wasn't made available to the 9/11 commission. search engine URL
https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&as_q=9%2F11+families+sue+saudia+arabia&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_nlo=&as_nhi=&lr=lang_en&cr=&as_qdr=all&as_sitesearch=&as_occt=any&safe=images&tbs=lr%3Alang_1en&as_filetype=&as_rights=#as_qdr=all&hl=en&lr=lang_en&q=fbi+mole+ben+laden&tbs=lr:lang_1en

"9/11 commission classified" URL (includes URL that link to Saudi Arabia is contained in 28 redacted pages)
https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&as_q=9%2F11+families+sue+saudia+arabia&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_nlo=&as_nhi=&lr=lang_en&cr=&as_qdr=all&as_sitesearch=&as_occt=any&safe=images&tbs=lr%3Alang_1en&as_filetype=&as_rights=#as_qdr=all&hl=en&lr=lang_en&q=9%2F11+commission+classified&tbs=lr:lang_1en

some amount of this becoming public has been attributed to increasing US energy independence

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Mar 2014 18:50:17 -0500
Gerard Schildberger <gerard46@rrt.net> writes:
Er ..., I mean, one of the main concerns was the sheer amount of horse feces and urine on the city streets. I read that the stench was simply overwhelming. Not to mention 15,000 carcasses each year. There were 120,000 horses in Manhattan in 1900 on the streets, each plopping down 22 pounds of dung, plus a quart of urine. In 1890, there were 22,000 horses and mules just pulling the streetcars. Another problem was when the stuff dried out and you had (the worst kind of) dust, over 20,000 New Yorkers died from complications of that dust each year.

a couple past threads mentioning the subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#18 Did Intel Bite Off More Than It Can Chew?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#31 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#68 The Costs of Bad Security

one of the examples was the brownstones with steep steps going up from the street to first flr 8-12 ft about street level was because enormous piles of horse manure that accumulated on the street.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Mar 2014 16:56:53 -0800
ibm science center was on part of the 4th flr of 545 tech sq ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

but the machine room occupied part of the 2nd flr. it had duplex (two processor) 360/67, 768kbytes memory, three 2301 "drums", five 8+1 drive 2314 string plus one 5 drive string. The IBM CE painted each 2314 string a different color ... so mount/unmount 2314 packs on specific drives could be more easily identify which string.

on one side along one wall ... right next to floor level ... the 4in (6in?) water pipe from air conditioned units poured directly into 8in sewer pipe (bldg. codes required air gap).

the (virtual machine) cp67 development group split off from the science center and took over the ibm boston programming center that occupied part of the 3rd flr (the rest of the 3rd flr was listed as lawyer firm, but the telco closet was on the ibm side, and clearly labled it as a 3letter gov. agency) ... where they got a 370/145 with (unannounced) virtual memory for development of vm370 (morphing cp67/cms into vm370/cms) in their own machine room.

MIT Multics was on the 5th flr and they had (multics) GE645 machine room.

city of cambridge wanted to pass a water conservation ordinance and cut flowing water directly through air conditioning units and straight into the city sewer ... however, it turned out that bldgs. had not been designed/built to handle weight of recirculating water towers on the roofs.

Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer (1Feb1964)
http://angelinvestingnews.blogspot.com/2014/02/happy-50th-birthday-to-ibm-cambridge.html

wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge_Scientific_Center

current tech square (bldg 200 is the old 545 with major rennovation, encapsulating a lot of the old bldg)
http://tech-square.com/property.html

multics 545 tech sq reference
http://www.multicians.org/tech-square.html

recent view
https://maps.google.com/maps?q=545+technology+square&hl=en&ll=42.363441,-71.091049&spn=0.006811,0.00449&sll=42.363441,-71.091048&lr=lang_en&safe=images&hnear=545+Technology+Square,+Cambridge,+Massachusetts+02139&t=h&z=19&iwloc=A

the science centers were shutdown in 1992 ... as part of company going into the red ... company was then reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (before the board brought in Gerstner to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company)
http://smartphonestechnologyandbusinessapps.blogspot.com/2011/07/rip-ibm-cambridge-scientific-center.html

invention of virtual machines
http://smartphonestechnologyandbusinessapps.blogspot.com/2010/05/bob-creasy-invented-virtual-machines-on.html

for other trivia ... a couple of above references were by G. McQuilken, IBM 65-81 (including cambridge science center 77-81) ... other positions include CEO of RSA Security 85-87.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Write Inhibit

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Write Inhibit
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Mar 2014 05:42:07 -0800
ibm-main@TPG.COM.AU (Shane Ginnane) writes:
Let's turn the discussion around Ed, and inject a little left-field logic. Why run z/OS in an LPAR at all ?. It's already running under a hipervisor - why not just junk PR/SM (and CPs) and run everybody on ILFs under z/VM ?.

If IBM can do their development under z/VM, why can't we as customers avail ourselves of the inherent advantages. For "free" of course, just like PR/SM ... win/win (except maybe IBM and a few ISVs .... ;-)


pr/sm for 3090 was original ibm response to amdahls hypervisor. during the time that amdahl was developing the hypervisor i gave presentations at silicon valley baybunch on the work that originally went into the vm microcode assist a decade earlier for 138/148 (in the mid-70s) ... old post with some ecps details:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

and after the meetings, the amdahl people would ask a lot more detailed questions.

one of the amdahl issues was starting with 3033 mvs/sp ... it appeared that ibm was constantly making lots of minor architecture tweaks that were would be required by the latest mvs operating systems (by comparison, vm370 was shipped that it ran better with its microcode assists, but would continue to run even if they weren't available) ... as a countermeausre to clone processors.

The amdahl response was macrocode ... slightly modified 370 instruction set that ran in microcode mode ... enormously simplifying the task of implementing minor architecture tweaking ... especially compared to the ibm effort which required being implemented in native horizontal microcode (a significantly more complex effort). the amdahl hypervisor then became a relatively straight-forward move of vm370 code into "macrocode".

By comparison the 3090 pr/sm was a significantly more difficult undertaken since it had to be done in native 3090 microcode ... even tho it was incremental add-on to SIE support that was already implemented (for a long time, SIE performance assist wasn't available for vm370 running in pr/sm).

one of the issues pointed out about 3033 mvs/sp microcode assist ... sort-of targeted as the equivalent of ECPS for vm370 ... was that 3033 was already running close to one 370 instruction per machine cycle (165 was 2.1/cycle, improved in 168 to 1.6/cycle and finally close to 1 per cycle in 3033). The low & mid-range machines ran vertical microcode (somewhat analogous to modern day 370 simulators running on intel platforms) with an avg. of ten native instructions per 370 instructions. ECPS was relatively straight-forward move of vm370 370 instructions on a one-for-one basis getting a ten times throughput improvement. Doing the equivalent on 3033 saw little or no throughput difference, since the hardware was already executing 370 instructions at nearly one per machine cycle.

the place where hypervisor got its performance boost was that it was subset of the full vm370 virtual machine function ... so a lot of extraneous instructions could be eliminated ... and it was a different machine mode with its own status and registers ... eliminating the "task-switch overhead" ... aka saving registers from the executing virtual machine and loading the vm370 operating systems registers ... and then saving the vm370 operating system registers and reloading the virtual machine registers.

for some topic drift ... old email by 3090 (aka "trout 1.5") engineer discussing the enhancements that went into 3090 SIE (compared to 3081 SIE):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#27

one of the problems with 3081 SIE ... was that 3081 had limited microcode memory and so had come up with mechanism of swapping microcode .... invoking SIE required a large amount of hardware overhead to get all the SIE code swapped into microcode memory (replacing other microcode ... which typically would have to be swapped back in later).

Part of the reason for the 3081 SIE performance was POK had managed to convince corporate to kill the vm370 product ... and dedicate all the vm370 development people to support mvs/xa (endicott manage to resurrect the vm370 product mission but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch). The virtual machine VMTOOL was created to support MVS/XA development ... but was never planned to be released to customers (as was SIE microcode assist as part of VMTOOL execution)

Later POK realized that a lot of customers could use VMTOOL purely for MVS to MVS/XA migration ... and it was released as VM/MA and VM/SF (later evolving into VM/XA) ... past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#38 CMS under MVS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#47 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#67 Hercules etc. IBM not just missing a great opportunity...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#27 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#9 DOS history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#14 Multics on emulated systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#22 303x, idals, dat, disk head settle, and other rambling folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#54 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#27 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#25 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch on z/OS?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#23 How to write a full-screen Rexx debugger?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#32 IBMLink 2000 Finding ESO levels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#72 "SIE" on a RISC architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#18 Melinda Varian's history page move
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#26 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#114 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#19 Co-existance of z/OS and z/VM on same DASD farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#46 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACS

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM ACS
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Mar 2014 10:50:36 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
And shorter interconnections. There was a limit to how much core you could hang on a machine because additional modules were farther away and delay times got longer.

I think this is where Cray got his circular designs from. I'm surprised someone didn't decide to go three-dimensional and have the memory configured as a sphere surrounding the CPU.


IBM channel cables drove something analogous ... with 200ft maximum distance ... some of the customers were pushing configuration limits of 200ft radius and starting going to datacenter on multiple flrs (three dimensional). channel protocol did protocol handshake on every byte transferred .... constraining datarate & distance.

channel "data streaming" (muultiple bytes transferred per handshake) was introduced for 3380 3mbyte/sec transfer and 400ft maximum distance (helping customers that had pushed limits of 2D 200ft radius configurations.

i've mentioned doing channel-extender in 1980 for STL that was remoting 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg with service back to STL datacenter. Part of that was downloading channel programs to the remote end (as streamed data) and just running the channel handshaking protocol at the remote end ... and streaming actual data over the extender link (very limited syncrhonous end-to-end handskaking)

in 1988, I get asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they have (two dedicated links for transfer concurrent in each direction). Part of this morphing into fiber channel standard was similar sending i/o programs to remote end for execution ... to minimize end-to-end serialized handshaking ... maximizing concurrent transfer throughput in both directions (more from end-to-end, synchronized protocols to asynchronous concurrent protocols in part to mask increasing end-to-end latency issues)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_Channel

later IBM channel engineers layer a heavy-duty protocol layer on FCS ... emulating lots of serialized, synchronized end-to-end handshaking ... that radically cuts the throughput of native FCS ... which ships as FICON ... misc. past posts mentioning FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

about the same time, I also get sucked into participating in something similar for scalable coherent interface
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface

akin, pair of parallel serial links that provide for concurrent transfer in both directions (originated at slac)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface#Legacy

SCI was defined for various i/o protocols ... but a version was also defined for memory "bus" protocol ... stores/fetches to/from memory ... where operations ran asynchronous, concurrent in parallel (again somewhat masking end-to-end latency)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface#Cache_coherence

SCI memory protocol was used by (at least) convex (for 64, 2 HP RISC processor boards), by Sequent & Data General (for 64, 4 Intel i86 processor boards) and SGI (for MIPS processor boards).

the early work on asynchronous serial FCS & SCI (in part for latency compensation) contributes to later asynchronous, serial protocols
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InfiniBand

recent posts mentioning SCI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

past posts mentioning high-speed data transport project ... a lot of it involved asynchronous, non-serialized, concurrent bi-directional transfers.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Write Inhibit

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Write Inhibit
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Mar 2014 08:08:35 -0800
edjaffe@PHOENIXSOFTWARE.COM (Ed Jaffe) writes:
There should still be write inhibit "switch" for a volume, even if only a logical one. It can be very useful, when running under z/VM, to be able to define some z/OS volumes as read-only. It would be nice if you could do something similar in a z/OS LPAR.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit

I had a bunch of stuff from undergraduate days in the 60s and from cambridge science center days in the 70s ... triple-replicated on three different tapes in the Almaden Research Tape Library.

In the mid-80s, the Almaden datacenter had an operational problem with mounting random library tapes as scratch ... and I lost all three tapes.

The only thing that was saved was the original CMS multi-level source update programs that had originally been done at the science center circa 1971. Melinda had contacted me (shortly before the incident) if I had any information ... and was able to retrieve and send her a full copy.

for other topic drift ... after we left IBM in the early 90s, we had been called in to consult with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

Part of the work was mapping "SSL" technology to business processes. I had only advisery control over the webserver/browser deployment and operation ... and almost immediately they violated several of the "recommendations" ... which continues to account for some number of the exploits that continue until this day.

However I did have complete authority over the webserver to payment gateway (payment gateway sits on the internet and handles interface between webservers and financial payment networks) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#payment

the payment gateway was never compromised. It had multiple layers of firewalls and other protections. The actual gateways were multiple machines in high-availability configurations ... and built in nearly such a way that nearly everything ran from disk drives that had "write inhibit" enabled.

as an aside ... last product done before leaving IBM was HA/CMP (high availability, cluster multiprocessor) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

past posts mentioning the almaden incident
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#14 A Dark Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#51 Scholars needed to build a computer history bibliography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#8 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#66 Evolution of Floating Point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#17 old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#51 Source code for s/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#32 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#45 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#39 1971PerformanceStudies - Typical OS/MFT 40/50/65s analysed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#89 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#3 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#4 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#80 TSO Profile NUM and PACK
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#29 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#16 Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#22 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#72 Any cool anecdotes IBM 40yrs of VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#61 Google Patents Staple of '70s Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#68 What Makes code storage management so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#9 IBM ad for Basic Operating System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#60 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#59 write rings

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Write Inhibit

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Write Inhibit
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Mar 2014 08:48:40 -0800
barry@MXG.COM (Barry Merrill) writes:
So using macrocode may well have been easy and cheap for Amdahl to implement, but it was very expensive in lost sales, since that 10% was sufficient to cancel the Amdahl purchase at this site, which also did NOT help Amdahl sales in Dallas.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#19 Write Inhibit

both 3033 & 3081 were q&d machines done after failure of fs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

this details how 3081 was warmed over FS technology that compared very poorly with clone processors
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

there was enormous amount of hardware that was really expensive for the throughput it achieved ... as noted ... price had to be significantly adjusted to be somewhat price/performance competitive.

the other issue was 3081 was originally going to be multiprocessor only ... while clone processors were coming out with increasingly fast single processor machines ... making single threaded operation even worse comparison.

further aggravating the problem was a major market segment was ACP/TPF (airline reservation system, transaction processing, etc) which didn't have multiprocessor support (so was stuck on 3033 or going to clone processors).

there was all sorts of activities ... until a 3083 (3081 with one of the processors removed) was released ... about the only thing that could be said was it was a little faster than 3033. some old posts discussing 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#1 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#21 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#14 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#79 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#23 Item on TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#24 Program Work Method Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#78 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#20 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#16 Sabre Talk Information?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#49 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#70 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#16 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#49 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#60 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#7 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#77 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#84 'smttter IBMdroids
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#115 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#59 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#71 Help with elementary CPU speed question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#10 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#59 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#86 OT: Physics question and Star Trek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#41 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#55 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#37 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#11 Relative price of S/370 AP and MP systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#45 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#59 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#56 Early !BM multiprocessors (renamed from Curiosity: TCB mapping macro name - why IKJTCB?)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Write Inhibit

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Write Inhibit
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Mar 2014 11:00:00 -0800
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
Isn't this telling me that relative to the "machine cycle" (perhaps a moving target), the 168 outperforms the 3033, and the 165 is better yet?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#19 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit

sorry finger slip avg 370 was 2.1cycles for 165, 1.6cycles for 168 and 1cycle for 3033

165 had same cycle time as 168 ... but went from 165 2mic access memory to approx. 400ns access memory for 168 (so cache miss latency was less). recent posting in thread about IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#104 IBM ACS

3033 started out Q&D effort to 168 logic mapped to 20% faster chips (from FS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

i.e. the lack of 370 products during the FS period (which was completely different than 370 and was going to completely replace it ... internal politics had 370 efforts being suspended and/or killed off) is credited with giving the clone processors a market foothold.

some logic optimization finally had 3033 approx. 50% faster than 168 (rather than just 20%) .... 3031 was 158 with new covers and the integrated channel microcode moved to a 2nd 158 engine; a 3032 was 168 with new covers and using channel directors (158 engine with just the integrated channel microcode) as external channels.

the previous mentioned URL goes into more details about the FS failure and the Q&D efforts to turn out 3033 & then 3081.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

With regard to ACS (IBM's advance computing effort) by Amdahl ... this has account of many of the features ... but was killed off by IBM management because they were worried it would advance computing state-of-the-art too fast and they would loose control of the market.
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Amdahl leaves sorthly after ACS was killed to start his own clone computer computing. The ACS "end" article lists several ACS features that don't show up in IBM processors until es/9000 over 20yrs later.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Mar 2014 17:22:50 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
No such animal; there was a CP-67 for the S/360, but VM was strictly for the S/370 and its name reflected that.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories

almost. one of the earliest uses of the internal network was distributed development effort between science center and endicott ... to create 370 virtual machine (including 370 virtual memory support) on cp67 running on real 360/67. this was referred to as the cp67h level updates. posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

then there was modifications to cp67 to run on 370 virtual memory architecture instead of 360/67. this was referred to as cp67i level updates.

since science center cp67 service allowed students and staff from various univ. in the boston/cambridge area ... it wasn't allowed to expose them to 370 architecture. so the production cambridge system ran cp67l systems. cp67h then ran in a 360/67 virtual machine on the production cp67i system.

then under cp67h (running in 360/67 virtual machine under cp67l system), cp67i ran in a 370 virtual machine. Then it would run cms in a 370 virtual machine under cp67i system (in 370 virtual machine under cp67h which ran in 360/67 virtual machine under cp67l on real 360/67).

this was in regular production use a year before the first engineering 370 processor was operational ... in fact cp67i system was used to boot on the first engineering 370 processor as test (first boot didn't work because they had reversed the op-codes for rrb and ptlb ... had to patch cp67i to correspond with the hardware bug ... until they fixed it).

in fact the original multi-level source update ... mentioned here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#19 Write Inhibit

was originally done for the l, h, & i software system development.

then some people from san jose came out for a stint at cambridge and did the cp67 software to provide 2305 & 3330 device support.

for a very long time ... cp67i with sj 2305&3330 device support was the primary software that ran on 370 processors internally.

this is old email reference to continuing to work on cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

during much of the FS period ... even periodically ridiculing FS activities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

and then finally moving lots of enhancements to vm370 base for "csc/vm" which became extensively used at internal datacenters (most of them by then having migrated from cp67 to vm370). With the failure of FS ... there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline ... which contributed to decision to picking up some of my enhancements for shipping in official product.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Mar 2014 07:51:02 -0700
jcewing@ACM.ORG (Joel C. Ewing) writes:
And the IBM 4341 supported System/370 architecture, so "VM/370" was indeed supported on the 4341 and was probably what the author intended.

I believe the CP-40 and CP-67 precursors of VM/370 required more than just S/360 architecture; namely, a S/360 model that was hardware-enhanced to include a form of hardware virtual memory support, which subsequently evolved to become part of S/370 architecture. So not only is Seymour correct that VM/360 did not exist, but it would also be inappropriate to retroactively think of CP-40 or CP-67 as equivalent to a "VM/360", since both required more than basic S/360 architecture.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories

Bob Creasy (manager of cp40 effort) sent me copy of his cp40 speech he gave on seas (european share) 1982 ... I ocr'ed it and put it up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

basically the science center had done the hardware modifications to add virtual memory support to 360/40 ... pending the availability of the standard ibm product with virtual memory ... 360/67. When they were able to get standard 360/67 virtual memory machine, cp40 morphs into cp67. posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

50th anniv of science center just passed a month ago ... mentioned in previous post in this thread.

Melinda Varian did detailed history that was available at share and also early versions were posted on vmshare ... tymshare had made its cms-based online computer conferencing available to share for free starting in AUG1976 ... archives available here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
melinda's current home page ... scroll done for the detailed history
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/

lots of customers had been convinced to order 360/67 to run the "official" ibm virtual memory operating system, tss/360 ... however tss/360 had difficulty making it to production level ... so many locations just ran the machine as 360/65 with os/360.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TSS/360

However a couple locations wrote their own virtual memory operating systems for 360/67. Univ. of Michigan wrote MTS (michigan terminal system)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_Terminal_System

MTS was ported to 370 and was in use at numerous locations ... MTS customers also were the early adopters of clone processors. A large east coast financial datacenter was planning on being the first commercial "big blue" customer to install a clone processor (would be a red box in a datacenter with enormous sea of blue boxes) because the local branch office had done something that had made them extremely angry. I was asked to spend six months at the customer basically obfuscating why the customer was installing the box. I was use to periodically visiting the customer and knew the people well and also knew that my being onsite would have no effect on their decision ... so I refused (I had been told that the CEO would be grateful if I made it look like it was my failure that the customer installed clone processor ... so the refusal wasn't exactly career enhancing decision ... along with periodically ridiculing the FS effort).

Stanford wrote Orvyl (Wylbur was original implemented on Orvyl before porting to MVS).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACS

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM ACS
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Mar 2014 11:28:53 -0400
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
Or every two bytes for the 2-byte channel used for the 2305-1.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#97 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#104 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#18 IBM ACS

i never actually saw 2byte channel ... but have some vague memory might have been two 1byte channels running in parallel (@1.5mbyte/sec) ... getting 3mbyte/sec aggregate.

the 200ft was max. ... lots of things limited it. For awhile IBM san jose research had 370/158 with 2305-2 (1.5mbyte/sec standard 1byte channel) having trouble with more than 25ft-30ft cable. The issue was channel cable ran half-duplex ... do a hand-shake, send down a byte, do another hand-shake. The 370/158 had integrated channel microcode (i.e. the 158 engine was shared with executing the channel microcode and the 370 microcode) ... and its hand-shake latency was relative slow ... in addition to the hand-shake transmission latency ... if the cable was too long ... the hand-shake operations would not have been completed before the next byte from the 2305-2 (at 1.5mbyte/sec) was ready to transmit.

the slowness of the 370/158 plays a role in other latency sensitive operation. VM370 carefully layed out paging records on 3330 tracks ... three records at identical rotational position on each of the 19 tracks at same disk arm position. There was case of request for records at different rotational position at the same cylinder (head location) ... and had to add a channel command to tell the controller to switch head/track before doing record transfer. Not only is there half-duplex handshake on every byte ... but there is a whole lot more half-duplex handshake on every channel command. It turns out that the 370/145 and 370/168 channels were fast enough to do the CCW program processing for the head switch and catch the next record (on different track) in single rotation ... but the 370/158 channel wasn't.

with the failure of FS effort (when 370 efforts was being killed off)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there was mad rush to get 370 stuff back into product pipeline ... both 303x & 3081 starting somewhat simulataneously ... some discussion here
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

for 303x they created a "channel director" that was used as externel channels for 3031, 3032, and 3033. The channel director was a 158 engine with the integrated channel microcode (and w/o the 370 microcode). The 3031 was 158 with new covers and the 158 engine just had the 370 microcode ... with a 2nd 158 engine as channel director. The 3032 was 168 with new covers and configured to use "channel director" for its external channels. A 3033 started out being 168 logic mapped to 20% faster channels and "channel director" for external channels. As a result all three 303x channels suffered same limitations as 158 channels (i.e. a 168 3032 had i/o latency problems worse than real 168 external channels).

old email reference to 4341 integrated channels were so fast that with minor microcode tweak, they were used for 3mbyte channel testing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email810617
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#36

old posts discussing the 3330 head switch testing (the hand-shake latency processing in both the channel end and the controller end ... as well as total cable length could affect total latency)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#22 303x, idals, dat, disk head settle, and other rambling folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#64 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#65 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#22 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#40 REAL memory column in SDSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#19 old vm370 mitre benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#52 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#12 Secret Service plans IT reboot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#15 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#65 Speed of Old Hard Disks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Mar 2014 08:57:06 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
lots of customers had been convinced to order 360/67 to run the "official" ibm virtual memory operating system, tss/360 ... however tss/360 had difficulty making it to production level ... so many locations just ran the machine as 360/65 with os/360.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TSS/360


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 [OT ] Mainframe memories

as undergraduate in the 60s, I got to rewrite a lot of cp67 (after it being installed in at the univ in jan1968). I had to compete with the IBM SE working on tss/360 for weekend dedicated stand-alone time (the rest of the time, the machine ran os/360).

one of the things I did was dynamic adaptive resource manager ... periodically called "fair share" scheduler because a default resource management policy was "fair share" ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

... and would ridicule the table driven scheduler in tss/360.

the IBM SE and I did a synthetic workload benchmark ... simulating user think time doing fortran program edit, compile and execute ... he ran it on tss/360 with four simulated users ... I ran it on cp67/cms (on identical hardware) with 35 simulated users ... getting better response and throughput (than he did with four simulated users).

one of tss/360 features was "single level store" ... basically filesystem was treated as extension of memory access ... which had very poor throughput. For whatever reason, the tss/360 "single level store" design was carried over into the future system effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

after joining the science center, I did a form of "single level store" for CMS as paged-mapped filesystem ... but fixing most of the throughput problems I had observed in tss/360 ... and was part of the reason that I would periodic ridicule what they were doing in FS (considering both my resource management and my paged mapped filesystem significantly better than what they were doing).

this was included in stuff that I later migrated from cp67 to vm370 ... but the page mapped filesystem was not one of the things included for release to customers .... possibly because of the bad rep that "single level store" got in both tss/360 and future system. misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

one of the things that I did have lots of problems with was supporting position independent code (mentioned in the tss/360 wiki article) ... constantly having to hack code to make in position independent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Mar 2014 12:21:07 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 [OT ] Mainframe memorie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 [OT ] Mainframe memorie

univ ran fortran student jobs on 709 ibsys tape-to-tape in around second per job ... tapes were moved between 709 drive and 1401 drive where the 1401 handled input/output unit record.

in transition from 709 to 360/67 & tss/360 ... it got a 360/30 to replace the 1401 ... could run in 1401 hardare emulation ... but also be used to get some familiarity with 360.

as noted, tss/360 never got to production level, so when 360/67 came in, it ran mostly as 360/65 with os/360. initially student fortran ran over a minute elapsed time (almost 100 times longer than on 709). getting hasp cut the elapsed time in half to little over 30secs.

I then did a lot of work on os/360 starting with mft11 to carefully order the placement of files and pds members to optimize PDS member search and arm seek distance ... which got almost additional three times improvement in elapsed time. This is old post with part of presentation I gave at fall1968 share meeting ... mostly about major rewrite I did for cp67 kernel and associated pathlength and throughput improvements ... but also discusses a little about the very careful rework of stage2 sysgen to optimize disk throughput.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#20 CP/67 & OS MFT14

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Mar 2014 12:47:34 -0700
jwglists@GMAIL.COM (John Gilmore) writes:
<begin extract> one of the things that I did have lots of problems with was supporting position independent code (mentioned in the tss/360 wiki article) ...constantly having to hack code to make in position independent </end extract>

Is 'position independent' code the same as location-independent code? Presumably not, since location-dependent code, which gives trouble when modifications are made elsewhere in its containing routine, is something that I have tried to avoid for a good many years now. (I recall with no fondness a 60-year-old pseudo-random number generator that was location-dependent.)


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 [OT ] Mainframe memories

I've used position & location independence somewhat interchangeably.

In my use for cp67/cms page mapped filesystem and in tss/360 use ... the executable image on disk could be directly mapped to any address in memory w/o any further alterations or changes.

traditional os/360 image had "relocatable address constants" ... originally the executable image would be loaded into some arbitrary address in real storage ... and then the loading process would cycle through the list of relocatable address constants ... appropriately adjusting them for the loaded address/location.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OS/360_Object_File_Format

in tss/360, position/location independance met that the executable image on disk could be mapped to arbitrary address in virtual memory w/o having to change/adjust antyhing (there was no such thing as os/360 relocatable address constants).

going from 360/67 to 370 virtual memory ... it was limited to only 24bit virtual addressing ... which could be configured as 256 64kbyte segments. in my paged mapped implementation ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

it was possible to map executable images (or any file system object) as one or more shared segments (single copy appearing simultaneously in multiple different virtual address spaces). with position independence, any address space could have any combination of shared objects at any arbitrary virtual address.

in the location/position dependent subset implementation (characteristic of os/360 & relocatable address constant paradigm), each shared object effectively had to have a unique virtual address across the whole system (in effect it had to be preloaded at some address, and all the relocatable address constants "fixed" for that address, and that image written back to disk). this became extremely problamatical in a large system when the total aggregate of all possible shared objects exceeded 16mbytes.

in the location/position independent implementation any single virtual address space could have any possible combination of shared objects up to a total of 16mbytes. in the location/position dependent subject, a virtual address space couldn't have shared objects that had been predefined at the same address (even if there was still large amount of remaining space at other locations in the virtual address space)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 [OT ] Mainframe memorie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#26 [OT ] Mainframe memorie

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Write Inhibit

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Write Inhibit
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 9 Mar 2014 17:15:40 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
With regard to ACS (IBM's advance computing effort) by Amdahl ... this has account of many of the features ... but was killed off by IBM management because they were worried it would advance computing state-of-the-art too fast and they would loose control of the market.
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

Amdahl leaves sorthly after ACS was killed to start his own clone computer computing. The ACS "end" article lists several ACS features that don't show up in IBM processors until es/9000 over 20yrs later.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#21 Write Inhibit

"The rise and fall of IBM" references that a major motivation for Future System effort was countermeasure for clone controlleres
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

past posts mentioning Future System effort ... including 370 efforts being killed off and/or suspended
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

other references to Future System
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Future_Systems_project

From Ferguson/Morris Computer Wars (effect of Future System failure):
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

discusses in the failure of FS, there was Q&D efforts to create 3033 & 3081 ... even though they weren't very competitive with clone processors
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

also the lack of 370 products during the FS period was credited with giving clone processors market foothold.

one of the things I worked on as undergraduate in the 60s was clone controller. CP67 was delivered to the univ. in Jan1968 with 1052 and 2741 terminal support ... including support for doing dynamic terminal identification and dynamically switching the terminal controller line-scanner type. the univ. had some number of tty/ascii support, so I added tty/ascii support in a way that was consistant with doing dynamic terminal identification (and dynamic line-scanner switching). what I really wanted to do was have a dialup "hunt group" with a single number for all incoming terminal types ... using a common pool of controller ports. the problem was that while it was possible to dynamically change line-scanner type for each port, the IBM controller took a short cut and hard-wired each port's line-speed.

The univ. then kicked off a clone controller project, with objectives including being able to do both dynamic terminal type and dynamic line speed. The channel interface was reverse engineered and a channel board built for an Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller. Later this was enhanced to be an Interdata/4 handling the channel interface, and cluster of multiple Interdata/3s handling port interfaces ... and Interdata is selling it ... after Perkin/Elmer buys Interdata it continues to be sold under the P/E logo. Four of us get written up for (some part of) clone controller business. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

other recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#97 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#104 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#18 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#19 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#24 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#26 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#27 [OT ] Mainframe memories

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Mar 2014 11:10:55 -0400
Bill Findlay <yaldnif.w@blueyonder.co.uk> writes:
A classmate of mine joined IBM in 1970 and regularly turned up for work in a pink shirt, with a copy of the Daily Worker under his arm. This caused much fluttering in the dovecots.

recent item
http://thediplomat.com/2014/03/remembering-taiwans-white-terror/

I've mentioned before that after end of hostilities in ETO, my wife's father was posted to Nanking as adviser to the generalissimo and was allowed to take his family with him. The family was evacuated to Tsingtao in an army cargo plane on 3hrs notice when the city was ringed (arriving after dark, they used headlights from trucks & cars to light the airfield).

I had found his status reports from ETO at national archives ... one reference in these posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#82 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#37 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Mar 2014 07:57:10 -0700
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
You don't consider a PSECT to be part of the image?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#27 Mainframe memories

the paradigm allowed the same executable image part could be memory mapped as r/o shared segment concurrently in different virtual address spaces at different addresses and work correctly.

os/360 convention had relocatable address constants appearing somewhat randomly throughout an executable image which needed to be swizzled by the loader for the address location that the image was loaded. this tended to prevent the same exact executable copy from working correctly concurrently at different virtual addresses (minus possibly some quantum effects where a relocatable address constant would assume the appropriate correct value whenever it was used).

I would tend to use the distinction that for the psect, a private copy was loaded and adjusted for the specific virtual address space location ... separately from (r/o) memory mapping the executable image with no requirement for pre-loading and/or changing ... allowing the same exact (r/o) executable image to concurrently occur simultaneously in different virtual address spaces at different virtual addresses (with just a per virtual address space private copy of the psect having been preloaded and swizzled).

this also has the side-effect of precluding things like self-modifying instruction streams. when hardware instruction pre-fetch & decode was first starting out ... one of the complicating, high overhead hardware items was checking if the previous instruction had modified the current instruction.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Apple's long IRS-Irish history

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Apple's long IRS-Irish history
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Mar 2014 11:21:43 -0400
Apple's long IRS-Irish history
http://www.zdnet.com/apples-long-irs-irish-history-7000027130/

from above:
There's no avoiding the stories surrounding Apple's shifting tax rates, whether through stock-buybacks or by moving profits among its off-shore operations. However, Apple has been in Ireland for decades and in dispute with the IRS just as long.

... snip ...

posts mentioning tax evasion, offshore tax shelters, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

not just in the U.S.

Apple sent billions offshore to avoid Australia tax, report says
http://phys.org/news/2014-03-apple-billions-offshore-australia-tax.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[OT ] Mainframe memories

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: [OT ] Mainframe memories
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Mar 2014 10:33:39 -0700
tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:
The overlay scheme used in HASP II had fixed-sized modules that were read into an available area without relocation. If the space was needed, when the first module got control again it could be loaded at a different address. But the trick was that these tasks were never preempted, so it was permissible to have a register containing an address within the module, as long as it was made relative before (loosely) calling the dispatcher, which might result in relocation.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#27 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#30 [OT ] Mainframe memories

for other topic drift ... I first modified HASP for release 15/16 to add 2741 & tty terminal support for online conversational editor ... implementing CMS editor syntax (had to be redone from scratch since cms execution/programming environment was completely different than hasp). of course I thought it was much better than what they came out with for TSO. past posts mentioning HASP, HASP networking, JES2, and/or NJE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

that summer, I was sucked into going to Boeing (still an undergraduate) to help setup Boeing Computer Services (consolidate dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monitize the investment). 747#3 was flying the skies of seattle for FAA certification.

I thought that the renton datacenter was possibly the largest in the world (several hundred million in 360s), that summer there was flow of 360/65s constantly coming in, faster than could be installed ... there were alwaus pieces of 360/65s being staged in the hallways around the machine room. There was a disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer heats up causing a mudslide that takes out the renton datacenter. The estimate was the loss of the renton datacenter for a week would cost the company more than the cost of the renton datacenter ... so they were in the process of replicating it at the new 747 plant up in everett.

they also got a 360/67 in corporate datacenter (across from boeing field) previously only had a single 360/30 for running company payroll.

that summer I modified cp67 to support "pageable" kernel. The standard cp67 kernel was fix-loaded at boot time. I modified low-useage pieces of the kernel into fixed sized 4kbyte page sizes ... which could use the standard paging i/o system for bringing in and removing. However, the cp67 kernel ran non-translate mode ... so the changes were somewhat analogous to what you describe for HASP II. While a lot of my code from undergraduate days were picked up and shipped in CP67 ... the pageable kernel change didn't showup in the product until vm370.

posts mentioning dynamic adaptive resource management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
posts mentioning kernel paging & algorithm rewrites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

that summer they also brought the duplex (multiprocessor) 360/67 up to seattle from boeing hunstville. it had been originally ordered for tss/360 ... but never got to point of production use. As a result Huntsville, starting out running the duplex as two 360/65 with os/360. The primary application was numerous 2250 graphic devices used for physical design. The problem was that OS/360 had fragmentation with storage allocation that significantly worsened for long running applications.

Boeing Hunstville had modified OS/360 MVT release 13 ... to run in virtual memory mode on the 360/67 ... it didn't actually use virtual memory for paging operations ... it just just the virtual memory hardware to address the OS/360 storage fragmentation problem (exasperated by long running applications).

I've mentioned before that there were a number os/360 subsystems done during that period ... as work around to significant os/360 problems ... including CICS ... both the enormous pathlength overhead of many os/360 services ... but also things like storage fragmentation. Other trivia drift ... Univ. library had gotten ONR grant to do an online catalog ... some of the money was used to get a 2321 datacell. The effort was also tagged to be one of the original CICS product betatest sites ... and I was tasked to support/debug CICS for the project. misc. past posts mentioning CICS (&/or BDAM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

For other drift ... later I got to know John Boyd and sponsored his briefings at IBM. His biographies mention that Boyd did a stint in command of "spook base" (about the time I was at Boeing) including a comment that it was a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (over $17B in today's dollars) .... nearly order of magnitude more than renton datacenter.

old description of spook base, gone 404 ... but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

past Boyd posts & URL references from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Long lived code? Long live long lived code!?

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Long lived code? Long live long lived code!?
Date: 10 Mar 2014
Blog: Old Geeks
re:
http://lnkd.in/dNU-WWT

Mainframe Memories in (linkedin) Old Geek discussion
http://lnkd.in/dBHcsD9
also
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/gjt-2Rlc_jU
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 Mainframe memories

above mentions doing dynamic adaptive resource management as undergraduate in the 60s ... it comes up again in this Boyd discussion:
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/2014/03/10/another-ring/#comments

I understood Boyd to talk about all the individual O, O, D, & A going on (and interacting) constantly in real time. I could sympathize with Boyd (I had met Boyd in the early 80s and would sponsor his briefings at IBM) having done dynamic adaptive computer resource management algorithms as undergraduate in the 60s and difficulty showing 4D operations in a two dimensional space. When it was picked up and included in IBM products, I had to document ... and even included an obscure joke with regard to 4D operation ... that apparently nobody got. In the early 90s I ran into a recent graduate in Hong Kong who claimed to have studied it at the Univ. ... and asked him if anybody got the joke

posts mentioning dynamic adaptive resource management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

posts (& web URLs) mentioning Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Wide Web turns 25 years old

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Mar 2014 07:39:52 -0400
World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://phys.org/news/2014-03-world-wide-web-years.html

other refs:

The Web at 25: I was a teenage dial-up addict
http://news.cnet.com/8301-17938_105-57619807-1/the-web-at-25-i-was-a-teenage-dial-up-addict/
25 years of the web: what were your first impressions of the internet?
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/12/25-years-of-the-web-what-were-your-first-impressions-of-the-internet
25 things you might not know about the web on its 25th birthday
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/09/25-years-web-tim-berners-lee

cern's first website
http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html

first webserver outside cern ... on slac's vm370/cms system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

GML was invented at the science center in 1969, past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
... and GML tag processing was added to the existing cms script processing
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/roots.htm

after a decade, GML morphs into sgml
http://www.sgmlsource.com/history/sgmlhist.htm

another decade and SGML morphs into HTML
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

past gml/sgml posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Wide Web turns 25 years old

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Mar 2014 09:24:06 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old

more:

Happy Web day! 25 websites for 25 years
http://akamai.infoworld.com/slideshow/143576/happy-web-day-25-websites-25-years-238205
25 years of the World Wide Web
http://www.computerworld.com/slideshow/detail/143971/25-years-of-the-World-Wide-Web
Web at 25: Tim Berners-Lee's Amazing Propsal Document
http://time.com/21039/the-web-at-25-revisiting-tim-berners-lees-amazing-propsal-document/
Happy 25th Birthday, World Wide Web! Our Gift: An Intentionally Brief History Of You
http://www.fastcompany.com/3027557/fast-feed/happy-25th-birthday-world-wide-web-our-gift-an-intentionally-brief-history-of-you

precursor to modern internet/cloud ... was nsfnet backbone, originally to interconnect the nsf supercomputer centers ... then regional networks start connecting to the centers.
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

we were working with some of the centers and were originally to get $20M to do the interconnect. then congress cuts the budget and some other things happen, finally NSF releases RFP. Internal politics prevents us from bidding on the RFP. The director of NSF tries to help by writing a letter to the company, but that just aggravates the internal politics (as does comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

then came the transition to commercial with CIX:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commercial_Internet_eXchange

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Wide Web turns 25 years old

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Mar 2014 12:19:24 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old

even more

Happy 25th Birthday to the World Wide Web!
http://www.computerhistory.org/atchm/happy-25th-birthday-to-the-world-wide-web/
Web at 25: Tim Berners-Lee's Amazing Proposal Document
http://time.com/21039/tim-berners-lee-web-proposal-at-25/
Bittersweet Feelings As The World Wide Web Turns 25
http://www.fastcompany.com/3027540/bittersweet-feelings-as-the-world-wide-web-turns-25
Happy Birthday World Wide Web!
http://blogs.computerworld.com/internet/23649/happy-birthday-world-wide-web-itbwgk
Web Turns 25: 10 Graphics To See
http://www.informationweek.com/cloud/software-as-a-service/web-turns-25-10-graphics-to-see/d/d-id/1127645
The WWW's Quarter-Life Crisis: As The Web Turns 25, The Threats It Faces
http://www.fastcompany.com/3027597/fast-feed/the-wwws-quarter-life-crisis-as-the-web-turns-25-the-threats-it-faces

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Mar 2014 17:08:15 -0400
hancock4 writes:
When I was young, I would wonder if the defense contractors were pushing behind the scenes to keep the Vietnam war going ao as to keep reaping very nice profits.

I don't know the answer to that. It's hard for me to believe that a respectable businessman would be so callous as to exploit death and destruction for profit, but there are people out there who are pretty soulless. As best as I could tell from knowing people in it, defense contracting was a very profitable business. Also, non-profits, like colleges, made out well with defense research grants. Certainly in WW II there were plenty of folks who put greedy personal gain ahead of the war effort, though of course many willingly volunteered their lives for the war.

After the war ended, the govt attempted to throw some bones to the defense contractors. For instance, Boeing got govt grants to design a new streetcar, which were used, briefly, in San Francisco and Boston. Rohr built transit trains.

Ironically, the govt cutbacks resulted in a severe layoffs for engineers circa 1971. I knew some young engineers who were drafted since they couldn't find a job as a result of that conraction. I remember them showing laid off Boeing employees struggling to get by. By then, engineering had become so specialized that it wasn't easy to find another job. I think we've talked about this slump here, but elsewhere it seems to be forgotten. At the time it was quite severe.


Spinney's "Perpetual War" (Spinney is one of Boyd acolytes)
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

Smedley's "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

Perkins "Confessions of an Economic Hit Man"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

and spreading Success of Failure scenario ... would appear beltway bandits and gov. contractors using advanced gaming techniques to help with constantly increasing quarterly profits and "leave no money on the table"
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

posts mentioning Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

then there are numerous stories around team b promoting inflated analysis of advisaries as way of promoting DOD spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

and go back to Eisenhower's warnings about the military industrial complex ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent mention (in ibm-main mailing list) of doing stint at Boeing summer of 1969, brought in to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 Mainframe memories

Boyd did stint in charge of "spook base" ... his biographies mentioned it was $2.5B windfall for IBM (over $17B in today's dollars)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

posts (& web URLs) mentioning John Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 2014 10:22:38 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing

discusses wind down after Vietnam ... and then rise of military actions during the 80s ... in part continuation of Smedley's "War is Racket" from earlier in the century ... as well as Perkins' "Economic Hit Man"

Fighting Reagan's Secret, Illegal Wars - Michael Ratner on Reality Asserts Itself (6/7)
http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=11590

above includes mention of iran-contra
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair

computer trivia ... part of evidence was email from the executive branch vm370 profs system (deleting emails didn't remove them from tape backups).

in addition there is the support of Iraq
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
& supplying WMDs during Iraq/Iran war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

and some of the executive branch involved in above ... were same people involved in most recent invasion of iraq.

posts mentioning team b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

and recent update on allowing 9/11 victims' families to sue Saudi Arabia

Lawmakers, victims' families call to declassify key portion of 9/11 report
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2014/03/12/221042/lawmakers-victims-families-call.html
A call to declassify key portion of 9/11 report
http://www.philly.com/philly/business/20140313_A_call_to_declassify_key_portion_of_9_11_report.html

recent references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#12 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:18:23 -0400
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Not the first. Consider plato NOTES, for example, which predates CBBS by half a decade.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLATO_%28computer_system%29#Online_community


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36 World Wide Web turns 25 years old

online & email from ctss, multics, cp67 from the 60s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#44 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#49 OT The inventor of Email - Tom Van Vleck
referencess ctss email (1965)
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/mail-history.html
and van vleck cp67 story
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/360-67.html

tymshare had its cms-based online computer conferencing in very early 70s on vm370 (cp67 morphed into vm370 for ibm 370s) and then in Aug1976 made it available to (ibm user group) SHARE for free as VMSHARE ... archives here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

some of the ctss people had gone to the science center (on 4th flr) and done cp40 and then cp67; other ctss people went to the 5th flr and did Multics. posts mentiong science center, 4th flr, 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

recent post mentiong 50th anniv of science center (orig 1feb1964)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#88 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center

Tom's story was about cp67 installation at MIT Urban Systems Lab. ... which was in another tech sq. bldg (across the courtyard from 545 tech sq).

His story was about mod. to USL's cp67 to the tty/ascii code ... to support max. line length of 1200 characters for some sort of tty/ascii device down at Harvard (I think a plotter). I had done the tty/ascii terminal support for cp67 while undergraduate at the univ. and had a hack in it that assumed max. line length of 80chars. His q&d change for 1200 chars resulted in incorrect length calculations that resulted in bad things happening.

Tymshare reference ... little about about its online IBM-based online service
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

but lots about its TYMNET network ... and porting to Interdata. For little topic drift, recent post mentioning work on Interdata as undergraduate in the 60s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#28 Write Inhibit

the Tymshare article does reference doing 370-based operating system GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS

which was spun-off when M/D bought Tymshare in 1984. Trivia: I was brought in to do the audit of GNOSIS as part of the spin-off.

recollection of tymshare from 1966 (on bitsavers)
http://bitsavers.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de/pdf/tymshare/history/Kahrs.pdf

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Missed Alarms and 40 Million Stolen Credit Card Numbers: How Target Blew It

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Missed Alarms and 40 Million Stolen Credit Card Numbers: How Target Blew It
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 13 Mar 2014 09:42:57 -0700
darth.keller@ASSURANT.COM (Darth Keller) writes:
Quote: "gushed out of its (Target's)mainframes."

Is the author really implying this was a mainframe hack? Really?

Keep in mind that this is what the CEO's, CIO's, etc. will read.


somewhat because having been involved in doing "electronic commerce" with small client/server startup that had invented SSL ... in the mid-90s was asked to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. the resulting standard was x9.59 ... some references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

x9.59 did nothing to eliminate breaches, but did slightly tweak the infrastructure and made the information from breaches useless to the bad guys (no longer able to use the information to do fraudulent financial infrastructure). the standard ran into some deployment difficulties because it eliminated fraud. merchants had been indoctrinated for decades that a major portion of interchange payments was heavy prorated surcharge based on fraud rates. Around 2000, x9.59 and some other "safe" payment products were pitched to internet online merchants (accounting for 70+% of online transactions) and saw high acceptance ... they were expecting 90% drop in interchange fees. Then cognitive dissonance set in, the financial institutions told them that instead of a 90% drop in fees, there would essentially be a surcharge on top of the highest fee they were already paying ... and the whole thing falls apart. One of the issues was payment fees were accounting for 40-60% of the bottom line of these institutions and a 90% drop would be a big hit.

we were also tangentially involved in the cal. state data breach notification legislation (first in the country). we had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act ... some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

and many of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues ... and had done detailed, in-depth public surveys. The #1 issue was identify fraud, primarily the kind that results in fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. There was little or nothing being done about it ... and it was hoped that the resulting publicity from breach notification might prompt corrective action. The issue is that security measures are normally taken for self-protection ... the problem with breaches is that the institutions aren't at risk ... it is the public.

we've also pointed out several issues with the current paradigm ... a couple metaphors:

dual-use ... since information from previous transactions can be used for fraudulent transactions, that information has to be kept totally confidential and never divulged. at the same time the same information is required in dozens of business processes at millions of locations around the world. we've periodically commented that even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't stop leakage

security proportional to risk ... the value of the transaction information to the merchants is the profit on the transactions, which can be a couple dollars (and a couple cents for the transaction processor) ... the value of the information to the crooks is the account balance and/or credit limit ... as a result the crooks can afford to outspend the defender/merchants by a factor of 100 times.

posts mentioning security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk
posts mentioning data breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Wide Web turns 25 years old

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 2014 16:23:37 -0400
Lon <lon.stowell@comcast.net> writes:
Folks at IBM had an entire architecture for the Common Repository with all of the associated architectures, to handle and distribute information with the information being created in a common format, and the output being generated by the closest the output device could come to that format. It was based on a different model, but much of that concept made it into WWW and HTML which wasnt different from GML.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet

that is at least part of communication group SAA in the late 80s and 90s ... but mostly targeted at fighting off client/server and distributed computing ... and preserving their dumb terminal paradigm.

we had come up with 3-tier architecture and my wife had written it into a large secure gov. distributed environment RFI response ... and we were out pitching it to customer executives ... and taking lots of arrows in the back from the saa & token-ring forces. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

then somebody I had worked with on ECPS for 138/148
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#27 370 ECPS VM microcode assist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#28 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

got promoted to run SAA ... and got a top floor corner office in the new IBM Somers complex ... and we would go by periodically and ridicule SAA.

note this was also in the period that communication group was spreading misinformation on how the internal network absolutely had to be converted to SNA/VTAM ... as well as how the NSFNET backbone could be run on SNA/VTAM ... referenced here in this old list of NSFNET backbone related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

and as I have mentioned before, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed datacenter walls and were working hard to preserve their dumb terminal paradimg and install base ... the disk division was see the result with data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk disk sales. They had come up with a number of solutions to correct the problem, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

the communication group efforts and misinformation played significant factor in the internal politics that prevented us from bidding on the NSF RFP ... even in the face of efforts/pressure by the director of NSF.

The NSFNET RFP called for T1 links ... in large part because we already had T1 (& faster) links running internally. The winning bid actually only put in 440kbit/sec links ... and then sort of to look like they were meeting the letter of the RFP, put in T1 trunks with telco multiplexor that ran multiple 440kbit/sec links over T1 trunks. past posts mentioning NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer museums

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer museums
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 2014 16:36:14 -0400
hancock4 writes:
article
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/computing_museums/


and for something completely different ... old article they did about me pontificating in a.f.c.
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Wide Web turns 25 years old

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 2014 20:47:41 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old

co-worker at science center responsible for internal network technology, larger than the arpanet/internet from just about beginning until late '85 or possibly early '86
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
it was also the technology used for bitnet (500 organizations & 3000 nodes around 1991, all educational institutions)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

some of his account about ibm bungling internet
http://edh.net/bungle.htm

past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
past posts mentioning bitnet (&/or EARN in europe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

as previous mention ... most of our nsfnet &/or activity was done in spite of the communication group.

some internet specific related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm
including this one
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#0
with old email about (first) ibm email gateway (to csnet)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022

past post discussing NSF backbone that includes copy of NYSERNet from 14Dec1989
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#45 Arpa address

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Mar 2014 09:42:53 -0400
despen@verizon.net (Dan.Espen) writes:
One of my co-workers was passing around a pamphlet for an idea called Xanadu. If I recall correctly it had a pretty accurate prediction of the impact of the web.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#43 World Wide Web turns 25 years old

I mentioned tymshare & making their cms-based online computer conferencing available to share as vmshare. people from tymshare were also regulars at monthly "baybunch" meetings held at slac (and the happy hour afterwards). Tymshare had also acquired Bngelbart's (inventor of mouse) augment (which had hyperlinks)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_Engelbart
augment reference
http://www.dougengelbart.org/about/augment.html
and
http://www.dougengelbart.org/firsts/hypertext.html

when M/D bought Tymshare in 1984 and I was brought in to audit/review gnosis as part of its spinoff, I was also asked if I could find somebody in IBM interested in Doug/Augment ... I managed to setup some interviews ... but couldn't find anybody really interested.

as an aside, Ted Nelson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Nelson
and some of the Xanadu people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Xanadu
more
http://xanadu.com/HISTORY/

(as well as Engelbart) would periodically show up at annual silicon valley hacker's conference (small invitation only). there was even xanadu demos.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hackers_Conference

other doug & ted reference
http://1997.webhistory.org/historyday/abstracts.html
and some more here
http://ted.hyperland.com/

for other drift, some old email mentioning vmshare (I had setup with tymshare to provide me monthly tape dump of all vmshare files that I could make available on IBM internal network ... one of the hardest problems was getting around lawyers objections that ibm employees would be contaminated by vmshare information)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare
vmshare archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

and as previously mentioned slac had first webserver in the us on their vm370 system (SLAC is CERN's "sister" institute ... sharing lots of stuff)
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

World Wide Web turns 25 years old

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: World Wide Web turns 25 years old
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Mar 2014 10:10:14 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#43 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#44 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet

more

25 Years: How the Web began; Summary: 25 years ago there was the Internet, but there was no Web. Then, Tim Berners-Lee proposed creating an Internet-based hypertext system and the Web was on its way.
http://www.zdnet.com/25-years-how-the-web-began-7000027311/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
Date: 15 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
also Google+
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/Pb4nPYmz7hq

Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://nypost.com/2014/03/12/wells-fargo-made-up-on-demand-foreclosure-papers-plan-court-filing-charges/

New Lawsuit Alleges That Wells Has a Manual for Mass Fabrication of Foreclosure Documents
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/new-lawsuit-alleges-wells-manual-mass-fabrication-foreclosure-documents.html

references followup on whistleblower report from March 2013, a year ago:

Whistleblower: Wells Fargo Fabricated and Altered Mortgage Documents on a Mass Basis
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/03/whistleblower-wells-fargo-fabricated-mortgage-documents-on-a-mass-basis.html

Securitized mortgages were used in S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. In the late 90s we were asked to work on improving the integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure. However, in the start of the century we watched as wallstreet paid rating agencies for triple-A ratings ... which removed any requirement for loan originators to pay any attention to loan quality, borrowers qualifications and/or documentation (triple-A rating trumps everything, including being able to do no-documentation loans). However, from the law of unintended consequences ... the requirement for documentation on the rash of foreclosures on the enormous numbers of bad loans resulted in the too big to fail to setup fraudulent document mills to supply the needed documents.

Contributing to the problems was the FED was required to do something about the non-depository loan originators ... and WASN'T.

Also, Sarbanes-Oxley had section that SEC do something about the rating agencies ... and WASN'T ... of course the rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONS and WORLDCOMS and that executives and auditors involved in fraudulent financial filings were guaranteed to do jail time ... but that also required SEC do something. Apparently even GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything and started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings ... even showing uptic after Sarbanes-Oxley (and nobody doing jail time; semi-facetious question: 1) did sox have no effect on fraudulent financial filings, 2) did sox encourage fraudulent financial filings, 3) if it wasn't for sox all financial filings would be fraudulent).

A Loan Fraud War That's Short on Combat
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/16/business/a-loan-fraud-war-thats-short-on-combat.html

from above
Most of all, the report is depressing because it indicates that the Justice Department, our nation's top law enforcement agency, is simply unequipped -- or unwilling -- to combat complex financial frauds.

... snip ...

Democrats Press Holder on Exaggerated Mortgage Fraud Claims
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2014/03/17/221552/democrats-press-holder-on-exaggerated.html

posts mentioning fraudulent financial filings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting
posts mentioning sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
posts mentioning ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

And in the Madoff case, in congressional hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something (SEC's hands were finally forced when Madoff turned himself in)

posts mentioning Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

2010 United States foreclosure crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_United_States_foreclosure_crisis
role of MERS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortgage_Electronic_Registration_Systems
"Robo-signing" of mortgages still a problem
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/robo-signing-of-mortgages-still-a-problem/

posts mentioning triple-A rated toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

a few specific past posts on robosigning & foreclosuer documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#10 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#8 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#13 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#68 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#55 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#12 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#7 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#69 Can Open Source Ratings Break the Ratings Agency Oligopoly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#63 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#46 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#73 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#80 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#9 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#57 What the Orgy of "Lehman Five Years On" Stories Missed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#58 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
Date: 15 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter Design data on F-35 stolen in 2007
http://freebeacon.com/stolen-f-35-secrets-now-showing-up-in-chinas-stealth-fighter/

part of the 2007 heist, does that help or hurt them?? and cross-over from "cyber dumb"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb

New fear: Worm that ransacked US military PCs was blueprint for spies' super-malware Secret stealer spawned spooks' snoop stooge, it seems
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/03/12/cyber_espionage_daddy/

remember 2007 is also Success of Failure ... dating back a decade:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

The narrative is to purposefully have a series of failures because it makes more money. We've been called a number of times very early in gov contract to evaluate what was being done and concluded that it wouldn't work. The response was ok but this is just the start of multi-year contract and they didn't want to leave any money on the table ... they might consider something that works for contract renewal

... oh ... and in the very early part of the century ... including what becomes the Success Of Failure case ... although we didn't know it at the time

Actually for the Success Of Failure case ... we did a proposal that they (for some value of "they") agreed would work

recent posts ic-arda/iarpa
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Sort of round about ... in 96/97 we were consulting for free to commerce on 2k census. They got technical audit by somebody from the agency and I was asked to handle it. Then later we were asked to look at an agency problem. past posts mentioning consulting on 2k census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#92 Billion-dollar IT failure at Census Bureau
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#21 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#56 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#56 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#11 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#98 ACA (Obamacare) website problems--article

as an aside ... this has it fixed(?) to be more like f22 than f35
http://www.informationdissemination.net/2014/03/j-20-program-update.html

learning from mistakes ... as opposed to what appears to leveraging failure paradigm for maximizing revenue
http://time.com/23031/danah-boyd-let-kids-run-wild-online/

well, when you tell them it isn't going to work and they agree ... and then they refer to not leaving money on the table ... beltway bandits are spending some amount of time gaming the system. but it is like many other forms gaming the system ... there has to be some valid instances of failure to obfuscate the issue. In the particular Success Of Failure scenario the whistleblower reported to responsible parties in congress and congress investigated ... which basically supported the details. Note that didn't stop them charging the whistleblower with effectively the same charges used in the most recent incident. posts mentioning whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

my rant about the financial collapse is similar. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. In the late 90s we were (also) asked to look at improving the integrity of the supporting documents in securitized mortgages as countermeasure to fraud. However, in the early part of the century they discovered that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A ratings (even when both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) As it turns out, triple-A trumps documentation ... and they could start doing no-documentation mortgages (and w/o documentation there is no issue of documentation integrity). As things were crashing there were cover articles claiming that the algorithms used were too complex and were responsible for miscalculation. However, about the same time, there were risk managers coming forward and saying that they had been forced by the business people to fiddle the inputs until the desired results were generated (garbage-in, garbage-out). And from the law of unintended consequences ... the lack of documentation on the mortgages (that had been designed to fail) ... resulted in real problems since foreclosures have legal requirement for documentation ... which resulted in the foreclosure mills generating fraudulent documentation ... that continue to this day ... most recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/new-lawsuit-alleges-wells-manual-mass-fabrication-foreclosure-documents.html
and
http://nypost.com/2014/03/12/wells-fargo-made-up-on-demand-foreclosure-papers-plan-court-filing-charges/
recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges

and we watched as it was happening and unable to do anything about it. In Oct2008, Congress had hearings on the role that rating agencies played and there was lots of testimony that the rating agencies were being paid for triple-A when both the rating agencies and sellers knew they weren't worth triple-A. Note that Congress also had hearings on Madoff scheme and had testimony form the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to try and get SEC to do something about Madoff. posts mentioning Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture
posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Current projection for earliest passing audit is 20yrs after legally mandated ... my faith in DOD quality control is on par with SEC during financial crisis

In wake of (Success Of Failure) whistleblower, congess investigated and put the agency on probation and not allowed to manage its own projects. However one scenario is it was further micc ploy as part of privatizing gov (intelligence now 70 percent budget and over half the people). Corgessional interest is it expects 5percent of appropriations from private companies ... which is prohibited if strictly gov.

more cyber dumb ...

Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
Stolen F-35 Secrets Showing Up In China's Stealth Fighter
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/03/stolen-f-35-secrets-showing-up-in.html
Officials: Chinese Spying Helped Develop Stealth Jet
http://www.newsmax.com/newsfront/china-cyberspying-f-35-stealth-jet/2014/03/13/id/559402/
New Chinese stealth jet built with stolen F-35 component designs
http://rt.com/news/chinese-jet-cyber-espionage-stolen-718/
Chinese Stealth Fighter Operating With Stolen U.S. Technology
http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2014/03/13/chinese-stealth-fighter-operating-with-stolen-u-s-technology/

...

Boyd's Organic Design For Command and Control would include comment that former military officers, steeped in rigid, top-down command&control were contaminating business culture as they climbed corporate ladder. However this was also about the same time that articles were starting to appear that MBAs and myopic focus on quarterly profits were destroying american business. Earlier Eisenhower had warned about the military-industrial-complex attempting to ever increasing budget. Boyd would tell tales about top officials in pentagon were myopically focused on budget issues. The revolving door scenarios between gov.&industry (not limited to MICC) is increasing individual/personal benefit. several articles have been written about defense industry able to show increasing quarterly profit even in the face of declining defense budgets. However, there is also lots of obfuscation and misdirection More recent than Smedley "War is Racket" is Perkin's "Economic Hitman" and Spinney's "The Domestic Roos of Perpetual War".
http://www.challengemagazine.com/extra/054_069.pdf

People say the Pentagon does not have a strategy They are wrong. The Pentagon does have a strategy; it is: Don't interrupt the money flow, add to it.

-- Col. John R. Boyd (U.S. Air Force, ret.) Fighter Pilot, Tactician, Strategist, Conceptual Designer, Reformer

posts (& web URLs) mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

note Goodman's "National Insecurity"
http://www.amazon.com/National-Insecurity-American-Militarism-Media-ebook/dp/B00ATLNI04/

is much more detailed look at the "perpetual war" theme and multitude of methods used for preserving the flow of money into the defense industry ... revolving doors, lobbying, payoffs, spreading programs in multiple congressional districts, etc, aka Boyd's comment about the pentagon's (primary, all consuming) strategy is "don't interrupt the money flow, add to it". Conway/Oreskes "Merchants of Doubt"
http://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Erik-M-Conway-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/

have public relations and scientists "for hire", obfuscating and confusing issues, sort of coming together for the tobacco industry ... however over the years, their paths periodically showing up shilling for the defense industry.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NASA-Funded Study Investigates Collapse of Industrial Civilization

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: NASA-Funded Study Investigates Collapse of Industrial Civilization
Date: 15 Mar 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/aaMz5ZgUBe5

NASA-Funded Study Investigates Collapse of Industrial Civilization
http://beta.slashdot.org/story/199447

Nasa-funded study: industrial civilisation headed for 'irreversible collapse'? Natural and social scientists develop new model of how 'perfect storm' of crises could unravel global system
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2014/mar/14/nasa-civilisation-irreversible-collapse-study-scientists
A Minimal Model for Human and Nature Interaction
http://www.atmos.umd.edu/~ekalnay/pubs/handy-paper-for-submission-2.pdf

NASA Models Collapse of Western Civilization -- Concentration of Wealth and Cascade of Critical Break-Downs
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2014/03/nafeez-mosaddeq-ahmed-nasa-models-collapse-of-western-civilization-concentration-of-wealth-and-cascade-of-critical-break-downs/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
Date: 15 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb

International Engagement on CYBER 2014
http://lsgs.georgetown.edu/events/InternationalEngagementonCyber2014

somebody talked me into going ... but I think it was just to get me riled up that nothing has changed in 20yrs except the bad guys have gotten better. I pontificated being backed into doing strong authentication for international financial transactions standard because of EU-DPD ... but found lots of confusion in US about authentication versus identification ... Inglis then needled me about non-repudiation. did run into somebody from Finland and we got sidetracked talking about Boyd.

Commander: U.S. Military Not Ready for Cyber Warfare; Gen. Alexander tells Senate threat of major cyber attacks is growing
http://freebeacon.com/commander-u-s-military-not-ready-for-cyber-warfare/

I was next in line to ask question ... and got cut off because they had to keep Alexander on schedule.

this mentions that during the Alexander Q&A ... they stopped the Guardian reporter from asking a question ... saying that Q&A was only open to attendees (not the press)

NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David Miranda; Keith Alexander says revelations have caused "grave damage" and claims officials are making "geadway" on "media leaks"
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/04/nsa-chief-keith-alexander-david-miranda

With respect to Inglis and the non-repudiation dig, in financial standards meetings there were various gov. people including representation from the agency (especially given their crypto bent). There was a security acronym PAIN/CAIN:
privacy/confidentiality,
authentication,
identification,
non-repudiation.


For the transaction standard I had to eliminate identification & non-repudiation (and there is lots of old email on the subject) ... then when I helped word-smith the (cal state) electronic signature legislation, the lawyers really put end to non-repudiation because if had very precise legal definition (and was not a security theme).

there was some cybercrime vis-a-vis drug crime. note somebody from treasury gave a talk in the middle east in 2005 and happened to say cybercrime was larger than drug crime ... which was picked up and reverberated around the world, old post from 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#47

after they took a lot of heat for saying it, I got an email asking if I would find an open source reference. All the LEO-sites around the world, including Intepol, DOJ, FBI, etc. had readily available drug crime details. However, all cybercrime info was need-to-know and required authorized userid/password. It took me over 2hrs to find an open source reference with actual numbers.

other recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#9 NSA chief criticises media and suggests UK was right to detain David Miranda

Unmanned Systems and Distributed Operations: Out of One, Many
http://cimsec.org/unmanned-systems-distributed-operations-one-many/

from above
Rather than relying on 40 year old legacy data-links, the architecture that connects manned and unmanned systems, regardless of domain, should be secure, light-weight, high-bandwidth, and affordable. With today's technology, those attributes need not be mutually exclusive.

... snip ...

more from the age of software: Faulty safety-critical software changed after fatal Mull crash
http://www.computerweekly.com/news/1280091852/Faulty-safety-critical-software-changed-after-fatal-Mull-crash

New fear: Worm that ransacked US military PCs was blueprint for spies' super-malware; Secret stealer spawned spooks' snoop stooge, it seems
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/03/12/cyber_espionage_daddy/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2014 08:29:29 -0700
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
"VTAM"? "SNA"? I don't know the distinction.

... as an aside ... other divisions used to try and build SNA devices to the SNA protocol specs ... and they wouldn't work with VTAM ... it turns out that the only "real" definition for SNA is what VTAM would handle.

for a time I used to report to the same executive as the guy responsible for APPN ... when it came time to announce, the communication group non-concurred and objected to the announcement ... after several weeks, the APPN announcement letter was carefully rewritten so not to imply any relationship between APPN and SNA ... now they try and pretend that SNA and APPN are somehow related (somewhat like doublethink out of 1984, arbitrarily redefine words to mean whatever you want them to mean)
http://docwiki.cisco.com/wiki/IBM_Systems_Network_Architecture_Protocols

I would periodically bug him about coming over and working on real networking.

in the late 80s, they came up with SAA as part of preserving their dumb terminal install base and paradigm; fighting off client/server and distributed computing ... I've periodically mentioned the senior disk engineer's opening statement at an annual, world-wide, internal communication group congerence that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division.

about that time, my wife wrote 3-tier network architecture into the response to a large, distributed, highly secure, gov agency RFI ... and then we were out pitching it to customers executives (and taking loads of arrows in the back ... and political heat from the communication group and the token-ring crowd). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2014 08:44:10 -0700
Kees.Vernooij@KLM.COM (Vernooij, CP - KLM , SPLXM) writes:
The big difference to notice is: You logon to a *nix system via Telnet or so. You don't logon to a mainframe. You logon to an application on a mainframe. So, you don't logon *via* TSO, you logon *to* TSO.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#50 Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?

aka the "mainframe" started out batch/job centric ... while the various open, online systems started out being people centric

the early mainframe "monitors" (like cics) attempted to implement person-centric paradigm layer ... attempting to isolate it from the underlying mainframe batch/job centric paradigm. these monitors would do large block mainframe batch oriented resource allocation at startup and then make as little use as possible of mainframe system services in doing their own operation ... also one of the reasons that it took cics almost 40yrs to achieve multiprocessor exploitation

The Evolution of CICS: CICS and Multi-region Operation (1980)
http://web.archive.org/web/20040705000349/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev198001.htm
The Evolution of CICS: CICS and Multiprocessor Exploitation (2004)
http://web.archive.org/web/20041023110006/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm

past cics (&/or bdam) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

[CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 17 Mar 2014 13:09:21 -0400
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Everything is coming full circle - just as the move to distributed computing of the '80s and '90s is reverting back to the centralized, terminal-based paradigm of the '60s and '70s.

lots of infrastructure progessing in parallel

old email about LLNL looking at 70 4341s for compute farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790220

instead of single large expensive supercomputer, compute farm cluster of much more cost effective computers ... however, 4300s also out in departmental areas, the leading edge of the distributed computing tsunami, other old 43xx email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

precursor to modern internet, and (cluster) grid/cloud computing ... was nsfnet backbone, originally to interconnect the nsf supercomputer centers ... then regional networks start connecting to the centers.
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

we were working with some of the centers and were originally to get $20M to do the interconnect. then congress cuts the budget and some other things happen, finally NSF releases RFP. Internal politics prevents us from bidding on the RFP. The director of NSF tries to help by writing a letter to the company, but that just aggravates the internal politics (as does comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

specific email in conflict between meetings with NSF director on NSF supercomputer interconnect and project putting large number of processors in racks with large number of racks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850314
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email850315
and followup comments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email870315

and continuation a few years later, putting large number of processors in racks with large number of racks ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

for both (scientific) compute farms as well as commerical. Reference to meeting in Ellison's conference room during Jan 1992, Usenix/uniforum conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

in less than a month after the ellison meeting, the cluster scaleup is transferred, we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors and it is announced as supercomputer for scientific and technical *ONLY* 17Feb1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and then comments that the company was caught by suprise by the national labs' insterest in cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

hours before transfer took place, still riding high with cluster scaleup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129

email from the office of FSD president (federal systems division) same day:
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 92 18:05:00 To: <wheeler@almaden>

MEDUSA uber alles...I just got back from Kingston. Please keep me personally updated on both MEDUSA and the view of ENVOY which you have. Your visit to FSD was part of the swing factor...be sure to tell the redhead that I said so. FSD will do its best to solidify the MEDUSA plan in AWD...any advice there?

Regards to both Wheelers...


... snip ... top of post, old email index

recent posts in web threads:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#34 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#35 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#43 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#44 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#45 World Wide Web turns 25 years old

past posts mentioning compute farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#54 Thoughts About Mainframe Developers and Why I Was Oh So Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#5 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#38 DEC/PDP minicomputers for business in 1968?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#58 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#15 Should we, as an industry, STOP using the word Mainframe and find (and start using) something more up-to-date
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#86 IBM unveils new "mainframe for the rest of us"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#3 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#53 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#32 Work long hours (Was Re: Pissing contest(s))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#43 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#75 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#35 OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#94 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

past posts mentioning distributed computing tsunami
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#33 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#6 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#23 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#37 Hard drives: A bit of progress
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#72 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#2 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#76 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#78 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#80 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#31 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#52 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#54 Thoughts About Mainframe Developers and Why I Was Oh So Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#75 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#17 "JP MORGAN SAW ITSELF AS ABOVE THE REGULATORS" Do you agree?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#58 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#80 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#2 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#15 Should we, as an industry, STOP using the word Mainframe and find (and start using) something more up-to-date
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#86 IBM unveils new "mainframe for the rest of us"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#32 Work long hours (Was Re: Pissing contest(s))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#43 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#51 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#75 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#4 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#26 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#28 The History of the Grid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#33 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#60 Bloat

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

FDIC Sues 16 Big Banks That Set Key Rate

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: FDIC Sues 16 Big Banks That Set Key Rate
Date: 17 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
FDIC Sues 16 Big Banks That Set Key Rate
http://time.com/25650/fdic-sues-16-big-banks-that-set-key-rate/

from above:
The banks rigged the London interbank offered rate, or LIBOR, from August 2007 to at least mid-2011, the FDIC alleged. The LIBOR affects trillions of dollars in contracts around the world, including mortgages, bonds and consumer loans.

... snip ...

BofA, Citigroup, Credit Suisse Sued by FDIC Over Libor
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-14/bofa-citigroup-credit-suisse-sued-by-fdic-over-libor.html
FDIC Sues 16 Big Banks For Rigging LIBOR Rates
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/14/fdic-banks-libor_n_4965875.html
FDIC sues 16 banks over Libor manipulation
http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2014/03/14/fdic-sues-us-banks-over-libor/6427563/
FDIC sues big banks over alleged Libor manipulation
http://money.cnn.com/2014/03/14/news/companies/fdic-libor-suit/
U.S. regulator sues 16 banks for rigging Libor rate
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/14/us-fdic-libor-idUSBREA2D1KR20140314
FDIC Sues Banks Over Libor
http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303730804579439442827174438?mg=reno64-wsj&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424052702303730804579439442827174438.html

The Most Dishonest Number in the World: LIBOR
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/dishonest-number-world-libor.html

posts mentioning LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2014 12:00:27 -0700
Gary.Shiminsky@DOIT.NH.GOV (Shiminsky, Gary) writes:
If my memory serves me right, back in the 1970s there was OS/MFT, OS/MVT, OS/VS1, and OS/VS2.

OS/VS2 morphed to OS/SVS and then OS/MVS(? Or maybe just MVS) starting in the 1980s.


OS/VS2 started out as single virtual address space (svs ... single virtual storage) ... a little bit of code for setting up page tables, handle page faults, do page i/o, basically faking MVT into thinking it was running in 16mbyte machine.

the biggest problem/effort was channel program translation ... i.e. nearly identical problem as MVT running in 16mbyte virtual machine under cp67. In CP67, the routine to translate channel programs from virtual addresses to real addresses was CCWTRANS ... it made a copy of the passed channel program, replacing virtual addresses with real addresses, fixing up crossing page boundaries, etc. In fact, when Ludlow was doing the work, he actually cribbed a copy of CP67's CCWTRANS into the side of EXCP processing to do the channel program translation.

Later OS/VS2 morphs into MVS ... each application getting their own 16mbyte virtual address space ... however OS/360 API heritage is extremely pointer passing intensive ... so they had to stick a 8mbyte image of the MVS kernel into each 16mbyte virtual address space ... so that the pointer passing API paradigm works (aka call the kernel passing virtual address pointer to parameters in application space ... mvs needing direct access to those addresses).

Further complicating things were the subsystems were also pointer passing API intensive ... but they each now residing in their own, separate virtual address space. To address this, they started out with the "common segment" (1mbytes), an image of which occupied every virtual address space. applications could reserve space in the common segment, lay down the parameters, and then make call to the subsystem, passing an address pointer to the parameters in the common segment.

This left applications with 7mbytes (out of the original 16mbytes). However, the requirement for common segment space is somewhat proportional to the number of different subsystems and the number of concurrent applications. By the 3033 timeframes many datacenters were running with 4-5mbyte common area (leaving only 3-4mbytes for applications our of the original 16mbytes) and verging on increasing to 5-6mbytes ... leaving only 2mbytes for applications.

Some particular large internal VLSI chip development fortran programs were constantly threatening to exceed 7mbytes running for hours at a time on several of the largest MVS mainframes ... all requiring a carefully constructed MVS systems that didn't use more than 9mbytes. In order to address the problems they were on the verge to moving to vm370/cms ... since a CMS application could get nearly the whole 16mbytes ... solving a slew of constant applications problems trying to stay within the MVS limitations.

for other drift ... part of a Future System discussion where original MVS was supposedly on the glide path to the Future System operating system (FS was going to completely replace 370 ... and the machines were nothing like 370 machines):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

past posts mentioning (failed, w/o even being announced) FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2014 14:21:39 -0700
tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:
These were re-integrated only with the OS/390 bundling. I doubt any one present -- even Lynn Wheeler -- knows all the politics behind all these changes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

OS/390 ... 1995 after we had left
https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=OS/390

OS/390 was introduced in late 1995 in an effort, led by the late Randy Stelman, to simplify the packaging and ordering for the key, entitled elements needed to complete a fully functional MVS operating system package.

... snip ...

marketing, service, availability, withdrawal dates; z/OS, z/OS.e, OS/390, MVS/ESA (1st OS/390 available 29Mar1996)
http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/z/os/zos/support/zos_eos_dates.html

recent post leading up to us being gone by aug1992 (in the wake of cluster scaleup being transferred and being told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#52

the company had gone in the red and there was some work that was going to break up the company into the 13 "baby blues". leading up to leaving we saw some periodic email from the POK region about would the last person to leave POK please turn out the lights. The disk division was furthest along as ADSTAR. I've mentioned before that disk division was predicting the demise of disk division with data fleeing the datacenters and drop in disk sales, blamed on the communication group that had stranglehold on the datacenter ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

the executive in charge of software at ADSTAR was involved in various work arounds to the communication group road blocks (fighting off client/server and distributed computing) ... paying for posix support in MVS and funding startups doing various products (that communication group wouldn't let him do inside IBM) ... and he would call us to consult (up until the time we were gone). 28dec1992 baby blue reorganizations in preparation for breakup
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

we move on in Aug1992, doing some work on non-mainframe cluster and DBMS for non-homogeneous data ... working well for things like taxonomies and ontologies, like UMLS
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/
and works better for 3-value logic (than strict RDBMS/SQL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40
past posts about original releational/sql System/R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

we did get a call if we would consult with inventoring corporate inter-divisional MOUs as part of the breakup (i.e. lots of divisional relationships would have to be explicitly turned into contracts as part of breakup, like one division piggy-backing off a supplier's contract with another division). However, before we start work on the MOU inventory, the board brings in Gerstner to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company.

posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerster

conjecture about os/390 was help reduce the enormous skills and resources required for the care&feeding of MVS system. I've commented before about the large explosion in 4300 sales during the late 70s and first half of the 80s ... sort of the leading edge of the distributed computing tsunami ... customers ordering hundreds at a time for vm/4300 going out in departmental areas. Part of the issue was high-end disk was (CKD) 3380 ... but the entry & midrange disks were FBA (3310, 3370) which MVS continues to not support to this day (even though real CKD disks haven't been manufactured for decades). Eventually as some concession to possibility MVS playing in that exploding mid-range distributed computing market, they come out with 3375 (CKD simulated on 3370 FBA). However, that didn't address the enormous skills and resources that would have been required to support several hundred systems. old email mentioning 4300s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2014 14:55:09 -0700
dasdbill2@COMCAST.NET (DASDBILL2) writes:
Close. OS/VS2 was released having been already pre-morphed into SVS and MVS. SVS was first called OS/VS2 Release 1, was first available in 1974, and that's when I worked with it. MVS was first called OS/VS2 Release 2, was first available slightly later (1975, I think), but I didn't begin working with MVS until 1977. VM was also first released around 1975. Other grand buzzwords that morphed were "loosely coupled multiprocessing" and "tightly coupled multiprocessing". The loose version became shared SPOOL, and the tight version became simply multiprocessing (several CPUs sharing the same central storage). And now we have SYSPLEXEs with both loosely and tightly coupled systems comPLEXly interwoven. Your date of 1980 for MVS is about the time when MVS's initially disappointing performance and RAS were greatly improved.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

as mentioned upthread, os/vs2 svs started out using cp67 ccwtrans crafted into EXCP processing to perform building a copy of the passed channel program with virtual addresses converted to real addresses.

the science center recently had its 50th anniv (1Feb1964)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#88 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center, Kendall Square Pioneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center

the science center that it would be the center for virtual memory system and bid to MIT for Project Mac followon to CTSS on IBM 7094. However, that effort went to another group (TSS/360 and 360/67) and IBM loosing the big to GE645. Some of the CTSS people went to IBM science center on the 4th flr and others went to Project Max Multics (ge645) on the 5th flr.

The science center decides to go ahead and work on virtual memory anyway ... getting a 360/40 and making the hardware modifications to support virtual address translation ... and builds the CP/40 system ... which turns out to also be a virtual machine system with CMS (and 360 guest operating systems) running in virtual machine. CMS borrows some amount from what was learned with the online CTSS system. CP40 talk given at SEAS (european share) meeting in 1982
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

when standard virutal memory 360/67 product becomes availalbe, cp40 morphs into cp67. Science center installs cp67 on the (MIT) Lincoln Labs 360/67 in 1967 and then installs it at univ system last week of Jan1968 (where I'm undergraduate).

recent posts discussing several customers were talked into ordering 360/67s to run tss/360 ... but because of production issues with tss/360, most used 360/67 for other purposes ... recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#16 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#26 Mainframe memories

note that long ago and far away ... my wife was con'ed into going to POK to be responsible for loosely-coupled architecture ... where she developed peer-coupled shared data architecture some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

however, little uptake (except for IMS hotstandby until sysplex and parallel sysplex) and constant battles with the communication group trying to force her to use sna/vtam for loosely-coupled operation ... eventually took its toll and she leaves.

then there is the issue with MVS 15min MTBF when tried in the disk engineering labs. I rewrote I/O supervisor so it would never fail ... so they could do ondemand concurrent multiple device testing ... which was enormous improvement in productivity (compared to their 7x24 stand-alone testing schedules). I wrote-up a report ... and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF issue ... which brings down the wrath of the MVS RAS group on my head ... some mention in these past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

this is old email where FE standard error regression tests for 3380 (reasonably expected errors from 3380) results in MVS failure in all cases ... and in 2/3rds of the cases leaving no evidence of what caused the failure.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Mar 2014 15:37:43 -0700
dasdbill2@COMCAST.NET (DASDBILL2) writes:
VM was called CP67 in 1967. It became VM several years later. CP67 would only run on a S/360 model 67. VM would run on any S/370 system with paging architecture.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

one of the first distributed development efforts using the internal network technology was joint between the science center and endicott to modify cp67 to support a 370 virtual machine (cp67 running on real 360/67). then a version of cp67 was modified to run on 370 virtual memory archived .... running in the 370 virtual machine (on a real 360/67). this was in regular use a year before the first 370 enginneering processing with virtual memory support was operational.

then a couple of engineers came out from san jose and added 3330 & 2305 device support to the (370 version) cp67.

this effort was where the cms multi-level source update process was developed.

base system was "cp67l" (that actually ran on real 360/67 at the science center

370 virtual machine support was "cp67h" ... ran in 360/67 virtual machine ... the issue at the science center was that students and other people from univ. systems in the boston area had access to the science center system ... and there was concern about them being exposed to unannounced 370 features.

370 version was "cp67i" which ran in a 370 virtual machine (provided by cp67h).

for quite some time cp67i (or cp67sj with 3330 & 2305 support) was the primary operating system running internal on 370 hardware ... even after vm370 became available (even if cp67 370-version wasn't shipped to customers). some discussion in this recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#22 Mainframe memories

One of the primary issues was that in the initial morph from cp67 to vm370 they did a lot of simplification and dropped a lot of features .... including my fastpath work (that significantly cut pathlengths), my page replacement algorithm (that was significantly better at choosing page to replace) and my dynamic adaptive resource management.

old email eventually moving those features from cp67 base to vm370 base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

after that there was increasing use of my csc/vm system distribution internally ... as well as decision to pickup some of the features for release in product.

as an aside, I also had an argument early in the os/vs2 prototype its page replacement algorith ... that they were doing a very poor design ... and eventually resulting in agreeing to disagree. the issue was that they were taking a very myopic optimization at the micro level ... that resulted in making things worse at the macro level. Well into the MVS product cycle, somebody realized that they were choosing non-changed, highuse, shared, linkpack page for replacement before choosing changed, lowuse, private application data pages.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The CIA's new "family jewels": Going back to Church?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The CIA's new "family jewels": Going back to Church?
Date: 17 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
The CIA's new "family jewels": Going back to Church?
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/03/13/the-cias-new-family-jewels-going-back-to-church/

as an aside ... none of their stuff was working
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

as undergraduate I did lots of operating system work that would be picked up the vendor and shipped in product ... periodically they would even suggest some enhancements for me to do ... in retrospect some suggestions may have originated from these customers (which I didn't learn about until much later) ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine.
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

later teaching security/computer classes, some of the guys would show up ... and offline brag that they knew where I was every day of my life dating back to birth (I guess justified all their stuff based on software I was doing) ... of course that was before church committee. They were also active in computer user group activities ... their installation code was CAD (folklore is for "cloak and dagger"). This archive of online user group conference (started August 1976) where they periodically post
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

past posts mentioning "cloak and dagger"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#4 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#20 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#51 Search for first Web page takes detour into US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit

old email referencing the customer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#email851025

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 07:28:42 -0700
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
In the sense that OS/390 was OS/360. VM was a rewrite of CP67.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

while vm/370 was pretty much rewrite of cp67 ... it followed the same structure and pretty much had the same source modules ... i.e. cp67 CCWTRANS became vm370 DMKCCW. Also as mentioned upthread, it also did a lot of simplification ... dropping a lot of stuff that I had done as undergraduate and shipped in cp67. The simplification also eliminated the multiprocessor support ... and tweaked some things that made it difficult to put multiprocessor support back in.

note while there was lots of code changes for the morph from CP67 to VM370 ... CMS was almost unchanged except for 1) crippled the ability to IPL on real machine and 2) changed the name from Cambridge Monitor System to Conversational Monitor System.

old email reworking lots of vm370 to make it look a lot more like cp67 and put a lot of the performance stuff (and infrastructure for multiprocessor) back in.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

note the spring of 75 ... besides doing csc/vm for internal distribution ... and getting con'ed into preparing some of the stuff for inclusion in vm370 release 3 ... endicott also con'ed me into helping them with the ECPS microcode that would come out with 138/148 ... old reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

this is in the timeframe that FS was failing and the mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines. Spring of 75, a group in POK also con'ed me into working on design for 5-way multiprocessor 370 ... which got canceled being announced ... some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

Note that after the demise of the 5-way effort, the science center got sucked into helping a group in POK with 16-way multiprocessor effort ... we even distracted some of the processor engineers working on 3033 to put in some spare time on it. It was going along gang busters until somebody told the head of POK that it might be decades before MVS was ready for 16-way support ... and the whole thing was killed ... and the head of POK invited several of us to never visit again. posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

a subset of the csc/vm stuff went out in vm release 3 ... including a very small subset of the shared segment support ... but reworked to not use my cms pagemapped filesystem ... recent posts discussing the subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#27 [OT ] Mainframe memories

note that the 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement included the decision to start charging for software ... however the company made the case with the gov. that it should be just application software and that kernel software should still be free.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

With the rise of the clone processors ... lack of 370 products during the FS period credited with giving clone processors a market foothold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

it was decided to start charging for kernel software, a decision was made to package some of my other csc/vm stuff as separate kernel product and make it the guinea pig for starting to charge for kernel software ... which was first made available for vm370 release 3.

then the decision was made to release simple 2-way SMP support for vm370 release 4. At that time, the rules for free/non-free kernel software was direct hardware support was still free. However, vm370 mulitprocessor support was dependent on a bunch of code that had shipped in my charged for product for releease 3. The decision was eventually made to move nearly 90% of the code from my charged-for product into the "free" vm370 release 4 base ... but not change the price for the software. past posts mentioning multiprocessor support (and/or compare&swap instruction)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 08:03:40 -0700
phil@VOLTAGE.COM (Phil Smith) writes:
I'm assuming from having never seen a reference to such on IBM-MAIN that no such community resource exists for z/OS-correct?

note that ibm-main mailing list originated on (univ) bitnet mostly on vm370 systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
and some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

it used similar technology to that used for the ibm internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
that was originally developed by a co-worker at the science center, originally on cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

also a lot of melinda's pieces are at the vmshare archive
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

tymshare (a virtual machine based online commercial service bureau) made is cms-based online computer conferencing system available for free to SHARE starting in august 1976.

other recent posts mentioning tymshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#53 Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#39 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#44 [CM] Ten recollections about the early WWW and Internet

past posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 08:07:21 -0700
m42tom-ibmmain@YAHOO.COM (Tom Marchant) writes:
And they ran on processors with somewhat different architectures. The s/360 model 67 supported 32-bit addressing, while s/370 was limited to 24-bit addressing until XA in 1982 or 1983 began to support 31-bit addressing, not 32-bit like the model 67.

360/67 multiprocessor support also allowed all processors to address all channels ... the 360/65 multiprocessor support just shared memory but had dedicated channels for each processor ... real multiprocessor support was simulated by using twin-tail controllers with dedicated channels from different processors to the twin-tails. this is also the multiprocessor implementation for 370.

XA finally got all processors being able to address all channels.

past posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#60 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 11:25:37 -0700
dba@LISTS.DUDA.COM (David Andrews) writes:
I vaguely remember the dual-address-space-facility that began life just before XA came around. There was some exploitation of it in - I think - MVS/SE2 (or was it SP1?).

in the wake of the failure of FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

... they kicked off 3033, 3081 & xa-architecture approximately concurrently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

but the extensive pointer passing api and need to map common address ... by late in 3033 period, the combination of mvs kernel and common segment (morphed into common system area) was on the verged of taking up all the area in the 16mbyte virtual address space given to each application for execution.

One of the people that was involved in XA, the (aborted) effort to use 801/risc (Iliad chip) as the microprocessor for low & mid-range 370 ... do a retrofit of a subset of XA multi-address space addressing to 3033 as dual-address space mode ... as a way of trying to take some pressure off the need for the constant growth in common system area size (for passing parameters between address spaces). dual-address space mode allowed semi-privileged subsystem to access parameter list in calling application parameter list ... w/o it having to be in the common system area.

he was working on 801/risc Iliad chip right up until the time he left for HP Labs ... where he worked on the HP risc chip (snake) used in their line of machines. He then was the lead architecture (at HP) on the architecture for Itanium. shortly after he left for HP Labs ... I was getting email asking if I was going to join him. some old 801/risc email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#801
past posts mentioning 801, risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

the other problem that mvs had in the 3033 time-frame was that it not only was in danger of taken up the whole 16mbyte virtual address space ... but its really bloated implementation was starting to overwhelm 16mbyte real storage limitation. Besides dual-address hack for 3033, another hack was rasing real storage to 64mbytes ... even though there was only 24bit addressing. There was two unused bits in the 16bit page table entry (that mapped a virtual page number of real page number). The hack was to prepend the two unused bits to the existing 12bit page number allowing addressing up to 64mbytes (the 12bit virtual page number mapped into a 14bit real page number). It wasn't possible to directly address any of the storage about the 16mbyte line ... except via virtual page number.

Fortunately for I/O there was IDAL ... originally introduced in 370 to handle a problem with overruns involving non-contiguous page crossing i/os (360/370 channel architecture precluded prefetching of CCWs so data-chaining could sometime overrun since it had to wait for the i/o transfer on the previous ccw to complete before it could fetch the following ccw ... IDALs lifted that restriction allowing all addresses in IDALs to be prefetched). In any case the IDAL field was 32bits ... allowing I/O transfer addresses in the greater than 16mbyte area to be addressed.

Especially in vm370 ... when virtual machine data in a virtual page above the 16mbyte line needed to be addressed ... it had to be brought down below the line. There original approach was to write the page to disk and then read it back in below the line. I provided them with a hack using dummy page table entries where a MVCL in virtual mode could bring the page down below the line (w/o resorting to in/out page i/o).

as an aside, in the wake of the FS failure, POK kicked off 3033, 3081, and XA architecture. At the same time, Endicott kicked off 138/148, 138/148 ECPS ... mentioned here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

the 4331/4341 and E-architure. The 4331/4341 was approx. mid-range analogy to the 3081 ... except it was all brand new technology and finished much faster than the use of the warmed over FS technology for 3081 ... discussed here:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

The E-architecture for DOS/VS and VS1 was sort of the low/mid-range analogy to XA architecture for MVS. However, its primary feature was moving much of the single virtual address space operation into microcode. DOS/VS (virtual dos/360) and VS1 (for os/360 mft) did something similar that OS/VS2 SVS did ... map the real kenel operation into single virtual address space ... sort of like emulating a large real memory machine. E-architecture moved a lot of what was the 370 virtual pagetables into the microcode layer.

However, the big explosion in 4300 machines were with vm/370 ... which required separate (370) virtual address space for each virtual machine ... and so E-architecture didn't catch on like XA did (although you see its influence in the "name" VSE).

Another 4341 issue was that they were out in late 70s, overlapped with 3033 and well before 3081. Cluster of vm/4341s had more processing power than 3033, larger aggregate memory than 3033, high aggregate i/o than 3033, and much less expensive (and more cost/effective) than 3033. While lots of 4300s were publically positioned as competition to other mid-range like DEC VAX ... POK 3033 also felt the competitive heat, and at one point the head of POK managed to have the allocation of a critical 4341 manufacturing component cut in half. some old 4300 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

other posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#60 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#61 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 11:38:46 -0700
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
How did the 67 deal with legacy code's use of the sign bit to terminate parameter lists? Did it also have a 31-bit mode? But I suppose most such code was written for 24-bit addressing.

as mentioned here ... science center had expected to get the mission for virtual memory system ... and work on machine for the MIT project mac bid ... sort of as followon to (ibm 7094) ctss. However the mission went instead to new tss/360 group in Mohansic ... along with 360/67. at that time there was no legacy code with 24bit addressing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#25 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#27 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

once the legacy code was in place there were all sorts of problems. this is tale that 360 was originally suppose to be a ascii machine ... but a temporary hack was done because the new ascii unit record gear wasn't available ... and had to make do with lots of old BCD unit record gear (biggest computer goof ever):
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
other of his computer history
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

other posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#60 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#61 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#62 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
Date: 18 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges

also Google+
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/LdxjWSq1fH5

Democrats Press Holder on Exaggerated Mortgage Fraud Claims
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2014/03/17/221552/democrats-press-holder-on-exaggerated.html

A Loan Fraud War That's Short on Combat
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/16/business/a-loan-fraud-war-thats-short-on-combat.html

from above
Most of all, the report is depressing because it indicates that the Justice Department, our nation's top law enforcement agency, is simply unequipped -- or unwilling -- to combat complex financial frauds.

... snip ...

referencing
http://www.stopfraud.gov/

Why the Justice Department Inspector General Report on Mortgage Fraud Matters
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/justice-department-inspector-general-report-mortgage-fraud-matters.html

from above:
"Mortgage fraud" is a limiting term: There's a yawning gap between "mortgage fraud," in the context of how the IG presents it in this report, and the full breadth of fraud and deception at the heart of the crisis. Mortgage fraud, per the definition used by the FBI and the IG, is very specifically mortgage origination fraud, the misrepresentation used to get people into loans.

... snip ...

old references to how MBA influenced FBI in definition of "mortgage fraud"

The FBI's 2010 Mortgage Fraud Report Reveals Why the Banksters Love Holder
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2013/08/the-fbis-2010-mortgage-fraud-report-reveals-why-the-banksters-love-holder.html
The Incredible Con the Banksters Pulled on the FBI
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2013/08/the-incredible-con-the-banksters-pulled-on-the-fbi.html
Obama's FBI Channels the Tea Party: Partner with the Banks and Blame the Poor for the Crisis
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2013/08/obamas-fbi-channels-the-tea-party-partner-with-the-banks-and-blame-the-poor-for-the-crisis.html

from above:
CBS 60mins had segment on MBA when it was having press releases telling borrowers all the reasons it was bad to walk away from underwater mortgage ... but 60mins had a hard time finding the MBA ... they had walked away from their new hdqtrs bldg (across from IMF & world bank) and defaulted on their mortgage

... snip ...

I previously mentioned about asking to look at improving integrity of supporting documents ... some of the later meetings were actually in MBA hdqtrs (before they had walked away from the bldg).

posts mentioning triple-A rated toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

past refs to mortgage fraud:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#31 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#10 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#7 The Enablers for this "Real Estate Crisis"- Willful Blindness, Greed or more?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#4 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#13 Study links ultrafast machine trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#19 Occupy the SEC Pitches An Extreme Makeover of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#25 Goldman Sachs P.R. Chief's Accidental Exit Interview
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#30 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#31 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#36 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#48 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#11 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#12 Gordon Gekko Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#1 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#40 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#13 The White House and Mortgage Fraud: So Far It's All Talk, No Action
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#31 Rome speaks to us. Their example can inspire us to avoid their fate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#35 Inequality and Investment Bubbles: A Clearer Link Is Established
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#69 Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#74 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#83 Why Can't Obama Bring Wall Street to Justice?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#86 The Dangers of High-Frequency Trading; Wall Street's Speed Freaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#87 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#14 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#48 Owl: China Swamps US Across the Board -- Made in China Computer Chips Have Back Doors, 45 Other "Ways & Means" Sucking Blood from US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#71 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#0 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#36 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#58 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#76 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#85 Study: One in Five Firms Misrepresent Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#86 Study: One in Five Firms Misrepresent Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#22 Four Signs Your Awesome Investment May Actually Be A Ponzi Scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#37 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#64 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#48 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#56 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#58 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#59 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#11 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#55 U.S. Sues Wells Fargo, Accusing It of Lying About Mortgages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#7 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#26 Why bankers rule the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#69 Can Open Source Ratings Break the Ratings Agency Oligopoly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#45 Nate Silver is Not Just Wrong, but Maliciously Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#47 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#51 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#21 AIG may join bailout lawsuit against U.S. government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#35 Does the UK Government Really Want us to Report Fraud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#42 Professor Coffee Hits a Nerve at SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#44 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#62 Taleb On "Skin In The Game" And His Disdain For Public Intellectuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#68 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#73 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#38 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#8 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#65 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#36 The Incredible Con the Banksters Pulled on the FBI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#86 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#15 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cracking IBM Mainframe Password Hashes

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Cracking IBM Mainframe Password Hashes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 15:30:56 -0700
andrew@BLACKHILLSOFTWARE.COM (Andrew Rowley) writes:
I'm sure it is using the encryption method. The speed of password cracking on GPUs is fast enough that most hashes are vulnerable using traditional length passwords. RACF might be worse than some because the algorithm might not be specifically designed to be slow - I don't know.

The answer is to assume that anybody who can read the encrypted passwords of a system (password database, backups etc.) can crack some or all of them. RACF is no different to other systems in that regard. This isn't news - it has been SOP for as long as I have been in the industry.


also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Password_cracking

things were speeded up some when repositories of tens of thousand of the most common passwords were published.

some countermeasure
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_%28cryptography%29

simple search engine turns up how to crack racf passwords (from feb2013)
http://mainframed767.tumblr.com/post/43072129477/how-to-copy-the-racf-database-off-the-mainframe-and
also from search
http://www.toolswatch.org/2014/02/new-tool-racfsnow-password-cracker-for-racf-ibm-mainframe-v1-5-in-the-wild/

disclaimer: we have dozens of patents on non-password, non-PKI, non-digital-certificate public key authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

basically recording publickey in lieu of password; we did implementations for both radius and kerberos ... as well as some prototype chips.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Mar 2014 20:36:53 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
for a time I used to report to the same executive as the guy responsible for APPN ... when it came time to announce, the communication group non-concurred and objected to the announcement ... after several weeks, the APPN announcement letter was carefully rewritten so not to imply any relationship between APPN and SNA ... now they try and pretend that SNA and APPN are somehow related (somewhat like doublethink out of 1984, arbitrarily redefine words to mean whatever you want them to mean)
http://docwiki.cisco.com/wiki/IBM_Systems_Network_Architecture_Protocols

I would periodically bug him about coming over and working on real networking.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#50 Can we logon to TSO witout having TN3270 up ?

and i just got thru pointing out that the communication group did everything possible to make sure that nobody would confuse that APPN was in any way related to SNA (see figure and then what the paragraph talks about):
http://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1321377&image_number=7

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Internet founders say flexible framework was key to explosive growth

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Internet founders say flexible framework was key to explosive growth
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2014 09:42:56 -0400
Internet founders say flexible framework was key to explosive growth
http://phys.org/news/2014-03-internet-founders-flexible-framework-key.html

and as i periodically pontificate the administrative procedures ... i.e. pre tcp/ip, arpanet used IMPs and there was tight control & authorization of the IMPs and their connections.

with the internal network and arpanet/internet after great change-over on 1Jan1983 ... it was (increasingly) easy for anybody to connect to anybody else. for the next step ... in was the interconnecting of the NSF supercomputer centers ... which became the "backbone" (precursor to modern internet) with regional networks connecting to the NSF supercomputer network.

old email related to NSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
Date: 19 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
also Google+
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/JzRp35L4QLL

The Pentagon Spent $2.7 Billion on an Intelligence System That Doesn't Work
http://www.thewire.com/politics/2014/03/pentagon-spent-27-billion-intelligence-system-doesnt-work/359319/

can you say Success Of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

ome of the refs: Army critical of its controversial intelligence system
http://security.blogs.cnn.com/2012/08/07/army-critical-of-its-controversial-intelligence-system/
Accounting Fraud And Waste Is Standard Procedure at the Pentagon
http://www.thewire.com/national/2013/11/accounting-fraud-and-waste-routine-pentagon/71701/
How the Pentagon's payroll quagmire traps America's soldiers
http://www.reuters.com/investigates/pentagon/#article/part1

recent posts mentioning any of the refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#55 Behind the Pentagon's doctored ledgers, a running tally of epic waste
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#63 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

how 'bout the $16B in shrink-wrapped pallets of $100 bills that were airlifted to Iraq??? NCIS last night even had case semi-related.

past posts mentioning the $16B in shrink wrapped $100s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#97 What a Caveman Can Teach You About Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#51 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?

U.S. has spent $53 billion training Afghan forces
http://southasia.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/03/19/india_blocks_leaked_war_report_us_spent_53_billion_training_afghan_forces_briton_se

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Littoral Warfare Ship

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Littoral Warfare Ship
Date: 19 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
there is lots of discussion that it is too expensive and vulnerable (something like the F35) and is going to have to be completely scrapped and start all over. there are two versions, the more traditional single hull and the above trimaran ... I believe done from work at david taylor model basin.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Littoral_combat_ship

there are some much more cost effective being built by other countries that may be used as alternative to restarting from scratch (see wiki ref)

note the trillion dollar national security budget:
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/straus-military-reform-project/defense-budget/2014/americas-one-trillion-national-security-budget.html

... many of these games started with 9/11 ... there was 2010 cbo report that the dod appropriations was increased a little over $2T (over "baseline") ... a little over $1T for the two wars and couldn't account for where another trillion-plus went. Current projection is that DOD might be able to pass a financial audit by 2017, two decades after it was first legally mandated.

well then a couple recent on the FED

How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/how-the-fed-let-the-world-blow-up-in-2008/284054/
Ben Bernanke's Biggest Mistake; New documents show the Fed's critical error in focusing too much on banks rather than the real economy.
http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2014/02/september_2008_fomc_meeting_transcripts_reveal_ben_bernanke_s_biggest_mistake.html
The Greatest Propaganda Coup Of Our Time?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-01/greatest-propaganda-coup-our-time

latest from today on littoral review:
http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140318/DEFREG02/303180031/LCS-Alternative-Task-Force-Named
and
http://news.usni.org/2014/03/18/navy-kicks-lcs-follow-study

past post mentioning littoral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#22 Preparing for War with China

recent posts mentioning fed articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#101 How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#102 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#5 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Mar 2014 12:10:58 -0400
Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives; While solid state gains ground, vendors surprise the market with new hard disk drives. Does anyone really need them?
http://www.informationweek.com/infrastructure/storage/last-gasp-for-hard-disk-drives/d/d-id/1127799

HGST is the remnants of the old IBM San Jose disk division. As IBM was going into the red ... it was the furthest along of the 13 "baby blues" as ADSTAR ... reorganization in preparation for breaking up the company.

I've periodically commented that a senior disk engineer in the late 80s had got a talk scheduled for the communication group, annual, worldwide, internal conference supposedly on the subject of 3174 performance, but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold on the datacenter and was fighting off distributed computing and client/server, attempting to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing the effects of data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to address the opportunity, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group (which had corporate strategic "ownership" for everything that crossed the datacenter walls)

past posts mentioning communication group & dumb terminal paradigm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

old "13 baby blue" article (28Dec1992)
http://web.archive.org/web/20101120231857/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,977353,00.html

we had left, but we got a call if we would work as consultants inventorying all the interdivision MOUs ... lots of things that would have to turn into contracts between independent companies (including things like one division had contract with supplier and another division was making use of that same contract). Before we started, the board brings in Gerstner to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company (however, the disk division still didn't survive long)

past posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
past posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14 & 15 (on the old plant site)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Mar 2014 21:30:15 -0400
Freddy1X <freddy1X@indyX.netx> writes:
So you say that the market for traditional spinning disks is going to Crash, and sales are going to Grind to a halt? That's a Bit harsh.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

going to smaller (2.5in) diameter helps with spinning faster & faster access ... the referenced articles says a 60drive, 36terabyte box delivers 18,000 IOPS ... also mentions that flash/SSD deliver throughput.

i've mentioned before peak (mainframe) z196 I/O benchmark was 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (compared to single FCS announced for e5-2600 claiming over million IOPS) @18k IOPS/box ... would require 111 such boxes for peak z196 I/O benchmark.

following has HDD drive (unit) sales peaked 2010.

Will Flash Memory Spell The End Of The Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Industry?
http://seekingalpha.com/article/1974691-will-flash-memory-spell-the-end-of-the-hard-disk-drive-hdd-industry

has individual drive IOPS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IOPS

peak individual hard disk 175-210 IOPS

lowend SSD starts at 400 IOPS and goes up to almost 10M IOPS

posts mentioning FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

recent posts mentioning e5-2600 FCS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Mar 2014 11:55:22 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#71 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

As an aside ... before we left, the executive heading software at adstar was also doing all sorts of stuff to try and work around corporate granting communication group the stranglehold on datacenters ... and he asked us to help with some of the efforts. He was paying for getting POSIX support on MVS ... and also investing in startups that would do products (that communication group wouldn't let him do directly).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Federal Reserve: Masters Of The Universe Or Trapped Incompetents?

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Federal Reserve: Masters Of The Universe Or Trapped Incompetents?
Date: 21 Mar 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/6Vq3e4ENd3t
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/g41u4FdZkud

The Federal Reserve: Masters Of The Universe Or Trapped Incompetents?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-21/federal-reserve-masters-universe-or-trapped-incompetents

from above:
But suppose rather than being masters of all things financial, the Fed was actually little more than a collection of incompetents trapped in a broken system that is beyond repair. Many reasons have been proposed to explain the Fed's policies,and most (including my own expressed here) focus on the Fed's need to protect the banking sector and the Status Quo, lest the whole rotten contraption collapses in a heap of worthless derivatives and various Ponzi schemes.

... snip ...

"QE Was A Massive Gift Intended To Boost Wealth", Fed President Admits
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-21/qe-was-massive-gift-intended-boost-wealth-fed-president-admits

from above:
With Bernanke gone, the remaining Fed members knowing full well they will be crucified, metaphorically of course (if not literally) when it all inevitably comes crashing down, are finally at liberty with their words... and the truth is bleeding out courtesy of the president of the Dallas Fed

... snip ...

other recent items

Bernanke Finally Reveals, In One Word, Why The Financial System Crashed
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-04/bernanke-finally-reveals-one-word-why-financial-system-crashed
How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/how-the-fed-let-the-world-blow-up-in-2008/284054/
Ben Bernanke's Biggest Mistake; New documents show the Fed's critical error in focusing too much on banks rather than the real economy.
http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2014/02/september_2008_fomc_meeting_transcripts_reveal_ben_bernanke_s_biggest_mistake.html
The Greatest Propaganda Coup Of Our Time?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-01/greatest-propaganda-coup-our-time

past posts mentioning Bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke
spike in oil prices covered in griftopia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:24:20 -0400
JimP. <pongbill127@cableone.net> writes:
SSD drives are garbage. There is no way to delete your data.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#71 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#72 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

(ssd) write amplificatioin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Write_amplification
secure erase
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Write_amplification#Secure_erase
references
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_remanence

more discussion
http://gizmodo.com/5494427/leave-no-trace-how-to-completely-erase-your-hard-drives-ssds-and-thumb-drives

a few past posts mentioning zeroization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm2.htm#straw AADS Strawman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#2 Crypto to defend chip IP: snake oil or good idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#28 The Foolish Dozen or so in This News Group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#40 [survey] Possestional Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#64 Can you use ECC to produce digital signatures? It doesn't see
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003o.html#15 secure delete on 3390
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#6 How Safe Are Your Personal Records In The Hands Of Government Officials?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#58 Price Tag for End-to-End Encryption: $4.8 Billion, Mercator Says

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

NJE Clarifications

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: NJE Clarifications
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 22 Mar 2014 06:40:21 -0700
tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:
For many years (decades, actually) there have been other products (IBM and non-IBM) that talk the NJE protocols. Most notably, IBM's RSCS on VM uses an overlapping subset of the same protocol, and is interoperable. There have been NJE implementations for UNIX and other operating systems over the years, long predating NJE over TCP/IP. One popular product in the 1980s was JNET, from Joiner Associates, which ran on the DEC VAX.

NJE originated as HASP networking at customer (source col. fields 68-71 use to carry "TUCC"). It defined nodes in the unused entries in the 255 table of psuedo (unit record) devices ... so number of nodes was typically limited to 160-180. It also had design that it tossed traffic when it didn't recognize the original or destination nodes. The internal network had relatively early passed 255 nodes (the internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or early '86) some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

and so NJE nodes couldn't be trusted except as edge nodes (since they were prone to tossing traffic).

NJE also was relatively dirty implementation ... intermixing network and job control fields ... as a result NJE systems at different release levels exchanging traffic had habit of crashing the host (MVS).

By comparison, RSCS was very clean layered network design ... done by coworker at the science center ... some past science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

it didn't have the number of nodes limitations, didn't toss traffic when it didn't understand the origin ... and it's clean layered design was straight-forward to have drivers that understood other protocols ... useful in supporting JES/MVS as edge nodes. In fact, as the number of nodes exploded around the world ... and all JES/MVS systems couldn't be kept at the same release levels ... involving JES/MVS systems in one part of the world crashing MVS systems in other parts of the world ... a library of RSCS NJE drivers grew up that translated NJE header fields to canonical form ... and then a specific RSCS NJE driver would be used to convert any NJE fields to the appropriate format required by the NJE system at the other end of the link (as countermeasure to traffic crashing the host MVS system) ... there was the famous case of traffic from san jose (gpd) mvs system crashing mvs system in hursley ... and it being blamed on the hursley vm/rscs people for not having the correct vm/rscs nje driver started (to keep mvs from crashing).

VM/RSCS was also the basis for IBM-sponsored BITNET for educational institutions (where this ibm-mailing list originated)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

internal politics eventually stopped the shipping of native RSCS drivers, just the NJE drivers ... even though they continued to be used on the internal network, in part because they werre more efficient ahd had much higher throughput. then later, internal politics forced the move of the internal network to SNA/VTAM, at a time when it would have been much more cost effective to have moved to tcp/ip ... which BITNET did. Some old internal network related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet

including this reference to a little of the internal politics behind moving to sna/vtam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

it was in the same time period that they were spreading misinformation internally that the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet) could be done on sna/vtam ... somebody had collected a lot of the internal misinformation and forwarded it to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

other old NSF related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning hasp, jes, and/or nje
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

one of the other early NJE issues was they couldn't find a valid business case to ship the product ... the standard internal process resulted in price much higher than customers would pay i.e. IBM still adjusting to having to charge for software (after the unbundling announcement). Eventually they came up with the hack that they would announce a joint vm/rscs and JES2/NJE product ... business case where they combined the costs & revenue for the two products (pricing vm/rsc the same as jes2/nje ... where vm/rscs revenue was used to cover the jes2/nje costs... and eventually eliminating shipping native vm/rscs drivers helped with the facade).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Crowdsourcing Diplomacy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
Date: 22 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
http://www.innovationexcellence.com/blog/2014/03/18/crowdsourcing-diplomacy/

side track innovation ...

there is ongoing theme that business schools not teaching innovation but how to protect and monopolize ... as well as

How Corruption Is Strangling U.S. Innovation - James Allworth
http://blogs.hbr.org/2012/12/how-corruption-is-strangling-us-innovation/

Lot about TPP and how big corporations driving treaty to their benefit ... claims even allowing them to sue/trump governments when it is in their interest. older article
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/aug/27/pacific-free-trade-deal

i would go with "self interest" and possibly downhill from there. There has been claims that investment banking attracts high percentage of amoral/sociopaths ... with some of the same involved in the S&L crisis, the internet bubble IPO mills, and the real-estate mortgage scam ... there may be little room for win/win since others are viewed as prey. One of the accounting firms does periodic survey of us workers if they had personally observed serious corporate misconduct in the past 12months, financial industry is twice as high as other industries (about 2/3rds). In the wake of the crash ... there was some articles trying to deny all responsibility and blame it on computer models ... but then came articles by risk managers saying that the business people had forced them to fiddle the inputs until they got the desired outputs (garbage in, garbage out). There have some articles that from the recent release of 2008 Federal Reserve minutes that they are simply incompetent ... but other articles saying that a whole lot of things have to be glossed over to come up with an interpretation so kind. ... a couple examples "The Greatest Propaganda Coup of Our Time?"
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/02/27/the-greatest-propaganda-coup-of-our-time/
and "The Federal Reserve: Master Of The Universe Or Trapped Incompetents?"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-21/federal-reserve-masters-universe-or-trapped-incompetents

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#5 Royal Pardon For Turing

posts mentioning bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

some specific past amoral/sociopath posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#77 Madoff Whistleblower Book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#30 Have you ever wondered why some people seem to get rich easily
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#16 Interview of Mr. John Reed regarding banking fixing the game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#99 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#1 Spontaneous conduction: The music man with no written plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#91 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 22 Mar 2014 10:20:59 -0400
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
So, while HDD with SSD cache is way cheaper than either all-SSD or HDD with DRAM cache, it has the cost of frequent SSD replacement - presumably, though, failures can be anticipated. A flawed hybrid like that, therefore, shouldn't knock other technologies out of the market.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#70 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#71 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#72 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#74 Last Gasp For Hard Disk Drives

so hard disks in the consumer market is somewhat coupled to the "last gasp" for desktop computers with the increasing moving to tablets, etc. (although there has been work on miniture HDD to play in smartphones and tablets).

hard disks in the enterprise market isn't so much the price comparison of SSDs and hard disks ... but the system throughput costs ... if SSDs can get 10-100 times the throughput ... then the overall system costs per transaction can be less (even if SSDs are more expensive than hard disks).

regarding enterprise hard disk+DRAM cache ... there is work on large system (dram) memory ... rather than coupling the DRAM with the hard disk ... just adding it to system memory. DBMS strategy has been nominal data "home" location is on disk, temporarily resident in memory.

newer "in-memory" DBMS strategy is the whole DBMS is in system memory, changes are sequentially logged ... and there is only infrequent checkpointing. checkpointing just requires high sequential transfer and random access is less important. some HDD could play here but it is changing landscape.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
Date: 22 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#64 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges

back to the original subject:

Wells Fargo foreclosure manual under fire
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/wells-fargo-foreclosure-manual-under-fire/2014/03/17/25cd383c-ae00-11e3-96dc-d6ea14c099f9_story.html

Democracy Now Discusses Wells Fargo Foreclosure Document Fabrication Manual
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/democracy-now-discusses-wells-fargo-foreclosure-document-fabrication-manual.html

manual
http://www.scribd.com/doc/213832018/Wells-Fargo-Foreclosure-Manual

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Kleptocrats hiding funds in US warned 'we will find you'

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Kleptocrats hiding funds in US warned 'we will find you'
Date: 22 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Kleptocrats hiding funds in US warned 'we will find you'
http://www.icij.org/blog/2014/03/kleptocrats-hiding-funds-us-warned-we-will-find-you

from above:
So far, the United States has not approved any comparable measures, and a former US financial crimes investigator recently argued in the New York Times that states such as Delaware are corrupt secrecy havens on par with any Caribbean paradise. The US Treasury Department is drafting a more limited measure which would require US banks and other financial institutions to find out and inform authorities -- but not the public -- of the true "beneficial owners" of their client companies.

... snip ...

other recent from icij.org

Offshore Web Nets Chinese Giant in Italian Solar Scandal
http://www.icij.org/offshore/offshore-web-nets-chinese-giant-italian-solar-scandal

from above:
Court records and secret offshore files shine light on a Chinese green energy firm's links to an Italian criminal probe and figures with possible ties to the Sicilian Mafia.

... snip ...

maybe, maybe not, close door on "corrupt secrecy" operations in the US

Stars start to align for bill to outlaw shell corporations
http://www.icij.org/blog/2014/03/stars-start-align-bill-outlaw-shell-corporations

then there is

The $1 Million 2014 TED Prize Wish: Abolishing Corrupt Anonymous Companies
http://www.fastcoexist.com/3027842/the-1-million-2014-ted-prize-wish-abolishing-corrupt-anonymous-companies

post mentioning tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evaision
posts mentioning money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot

Refed: **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Mar 2014 10:05:14 -0400
IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/03/22/ibm_pcjr_stripped_bare_still_mediocre_after_all_these_years/

i had gotton one for the kids ... and then got hotshot as upgrade



Date: 86/09/29
PCJRHOME FORUM (internal discussion group)
re: hotshot;

hotshot has 150 ns chips ... at the same time I put in hotshot, I also
replaced 8088 with 8mhs v20. The hotshot comes with a couple of DOS
device drivers that a) allocates the first 128k of memory so dos runs
in the 150ns memory which really makes things fly.  The first 128k can
either go unused or be allocated for a electronic disk (variable size
with it potentially spilling over into fast memory).

Be sure your 8088 card is socketed before you place your order --
unless you are willing to unsolder it.

WHO:                          WHAT:
ES Quality Products           -- Clock            =  $ 35
5311 Mango Blossom            -- Drive Adapter    =  $ 45
San Jose, CA 95123            -- 512K Memory      =  $179
(408) 224-5574                --                     ----
-- TOTAL            =  $259
Ed Straus is the              -- Sidecar trade-in = -$ 89
the owner (?).                -- Net Total        =  $170

You can buy each feature separately -- no need to buy the entire package.
The trade-in was because he needed it -- not sure he will continue to
need a sidecar, even so you could probably sell on the open market.

Installation was VERY EASY.  The physical part of the job was done
in less then an hour and I had never had the covers off my PCjr.

INVENTORY:
1) One jrHOTSHOT(tm) board
2) One flat cable for two diskette drives
3) A set of instructions

INSTALLATION:
1) Remove the top cover
2) Remove/set aside the diskette drive
3) Remove 8088 chip and reinstall on the jrHOTSHOT board
4) Insert the board into the 8088 socket
5) Put diskette back in place
6) Install flat cable for two diskette drives
7) Reinstall top cover
8) Setup DOS and go

The instructions were clear.  There is a two year warranty which
includes fixing the product and giving you technical support.  In
addition, they will give you your money back within 60 days if you
are not satisfied.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Eisenhower's military-industrial warning rings truer than ever

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Eisenhower's military-industrial warning rings truer than ever
Date: 23 Mar 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/9tQLjiQsktX

Eisenhower's military-industrial warning rings truer than ever' The latest in the Snowden and NSA revelations show the reach of the military-information complex
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/23/eisenhowers-military-industrial-warning-snowden-nsa

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

note 70% of budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

some Gerstner content: Gerstner wins "competition" to be next CEO of AMEX (looser leaves, taking protege Jamie Dimon). AMEX is in competition with KKR for private equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble and hires Gerstner away to turn RJR around. IBM board then hires Gerstner to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup of the company (had been reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breakup). Gerstner leaves to headup Carlyle. Carlyle does private equity take-over of BAH (Snowden's employer). posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
post mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

The looser with protege go to Baltimore and acquire whats been referred to as loan sharking company. They take-over some other companies, eventually acquiring Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greespan gives them exemption while they lobby washington for repeal of Glass-Steagall enabling too big to fail. The protege leaves and becomes ceo of another too big to fail

posts mentioning Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

in financial standards meetings ... they had representatives, in part because of lots of crypto content. I kept strongly stating "no backdoors" ... because the bad guys could use them too.

Also, over a decade ago, I was co-author of the financial industry privacy standard. We had several meetings with HHS HIPAA people (some that had been working on it since early 70s) and one of the things that came out was metadata in financial statements could leak PII information in violation of HIPAA.

also there was enormous uptic in privatizing the federal gov. last decade. oh and in 2007: Success Of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

in the wake of the congressional investigation, the agency was put on probation and not allowed to manage their own projects. However, there has been some claims that this is just congressional ploy to further privatize the gov. ... congress expecting 5% back on appropriations that go to private companies (lobbying and donations) ... which they can't get if money just stays with gov. agencies.

posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S&P Judge Tentatively Rules It Must Face Deception Claims

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: S&P Judge Tentatively Rules It Must Face Deception Claims
Date: 23 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
S&P Judge Tentatively Rules It Must Face Deception Claims
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-21/s-p-judge-tentatively-rules-it-must-face-deception-claim.html

Note testimony in the Oct2008 congressional hearings was that the rating agencies were selling triple-A ratings on mortgage-backed securities when they knew they weren't worth triple-A.

posts mentioning (triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The Stone Unturned: Credit Ratings
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/23/business/the-stone-unturned-credit-ratings.html

Note also ... while rhetoric in congress leading up to passing of Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent future ENRONs and Worldcoms and guarantee that executives and auditors would do jail time for public company fraudulent financial filings ... it also required SEC to do something about the rating agencies.

posts mentioning Sarbanes-Oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
posts mentioning enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Possibly because even GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of fraudulent public company financial filings, even showing uptic after Sarbanes-Oxley (and nobody doing jail time). The only thing that SEC appeared to do about the rating agencies was write a report. Also in the congressional Madoff hearings, they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to do something about Madoff (their hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in).

posts mentioning madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Mar 2014 15:14:05 -0700
Gerard Schildberger <gerard46@rrt.net> writes:
Plus, VS/1 also had HASP integrated into it (sometimes referred to it JES nothing). It also was aware if it was running under VM/CP and wouldn't bother clearing storage at IPL time, nor try to figure out the "real" storage size, as it just simply did a DIAGnose instruction (in problem state) and ask CP what the storage size was. If it was exactly 16M, VS/1 disabled virtual paging and let VM/CP do all the heavy lifting. Also (I forget the option, maybe PAGEX), if VS/1 got a page fault, instead of putting the whole of the VS/1 system into a wait state (waiting for the page to be paged in), VS/1 was still dispatched and VS/1 knew that it could dispatch another partition or some other process (these features where called VS/1 handshaking and had to be enabled with a directory option). Also, most system programmers wrote a printer/punch separator program to spool the output to the job's submitter, allowing the output to be placed in a CMS user's reader (which can be read and then edited, and printed if they wished.

With VS/1 having 16 meg, I made most of VS/1's I/O routines + open/close (and DIDOCS) resident, and VS/1 under VM ran about three times faster than native VS/1.


in the wake of future system imploding
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines.

I got sucked into helping Endicott with ecps for 138/148 (followon to 135/145) old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

this went along with vs/1 handshaking performance increase. I also got sucked into (off&on for a year) going around to different countries helping present the business case for 138/148 to business forecasters.

Endicott also tried to have vm370 shipped from the factory as part of every machine (sort of like modern day LPAR). However, at the same time POK/MVS was convincing corporate to killoff vm370, shutdown the product group and transfer all the people to POK as part of MVS/XA development. Endicott managed to save the vm370 product mission (had to reconsitute a development group from scratch) ... but prevail in having vm370 shipped as part of every machine from the factory.

note the following to 138/148 ... was 4331/4341 and had the endicott followon architecture, "e-architecture" (sort of endicott's equivalent to POK's 370/xa architecture). E-architecture was a little like vs/1 running in virtual machine under vm370 with vm370 handling lots of stuff ... but not quite ... it is where "VSE" originated.

one of the interesting business things learned ... was that US was dividied up in regions ... a little like world trade countries. However non-US countries would make a forecast and place an order for that many machines from some factory (and "pay" for them) ... and the machines would be shipped to that country ... and the countries were then responsible for selling those boxes. As a result world trade business forecast people had their jobs on the line when making forecasts.

Forecast by US regions carried no such obligations ... business forecasters tended to make a forecast based on internal political winds. US forecasters effectively would say it made no difference what features a product had ... they would forecast whatever they were expected to forecast. Forecasters in world trade were completely different ... they were extremely sensitive to box features and competitive analysis how a box compared point-by-point with the competition.

past posts in this thread;
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#60 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#61 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#62 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 23 Mar 2014 20:52:43 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
VSE was similar (although probably DOS/VSE in that day). The VM "page fault extensions" allowed a guest to be dispatched when VM handled a page fault.

And like VS1,VSE in PAGE=VM* mode generally ran better than VSE native. Which really says something about the quality of virtual memory support in VSE (and VS1).


posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
posts mentioning online computer communication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#57 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#60 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#61 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#62 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#83 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Parallel programming may not be so daunting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Parallel programming may not be so daunting
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Mar 2014 09:32:49 -0400
Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://phys.org/news/2014-03-parallel-daunting.html

from above:
In theory, doubling the number of cores doubles the chip's efficiency, but splitting up computations so that they run efficiently in parallel isn't easy. On the other hand, say a trio of computer scientists from MIT, Israel's Technion, and Microsoft Research, neither is it as hard as had been feared.

... snip ...

past post (in afc)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies

above includes this reference:
Microsoft super sizes multi-threaded tripe
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2007/05/01/mundie_mundie/

from above:

Microsoft, to its credit, has multi-threaded the calculations in Office Excel 2007. But that's about where the credit ends.

Intel and AMD executives fail to hide their disappointment with Microsoft well on the multi-threaded software front.

During a speech last June, Intel SVP Pat Gelsinger said the following:

"A couple of years ago, I had a discussion with Bill Gates (about the multi-core products). He was just in disbelief. He said, 'We can't write software to keep up with that.'"

Gates ordered the Intel executive to keep pumping out faster product. "No, Bill, it's not going to work that way," Gelsinger informed him.


... snip ...

One of the comingly use parallel processing paradigms was invented by co-worker at the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

when he was doing fine-grain multiprocessor kernel locking work on cp67 ... and was "named" compare-and-swap (since CAS are his initials).

The initial attempt to get compare-and-swap added to 370 architecture were rebuffed ... the 370 architecture owners said that the POK favorite sone operating system people believed that test-and-set was more than sufficient (and compare-and-swap wasn't needed). They challenged use to come up with other uses for compare-and-swap (that weren't specific to multiprocessor kernel operation). Thus was born the examples of large multi-threaded applications needing serialized operation (not even necessarily running on multiprocessor hardware). Big uptake was DBMS implementations that could correctly serialize lots of operations w/o requiring kernel calls for serialization. Some of these examples still appear in principles of operation.
http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/dz9zr003/A.6?DT=20040504121320

past posts mentioning multiprocessor and/or compare-and-swap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Mar 2014 10:39:42 -0400
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
computer trivia ... part of evidence was email from the executive branch vm370 profs system (deleting emails didn't remove them from tape backups).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing

more recent email trail article

Deal Book Thinks Lawyers' "Cardinal Rule" is to Advise CEOs how to Defraud with Impunity
http://econintersect.com/b2evolution/blog2.php/2014/03/23/deal-book-thinks-lawyers-cardinal-rule-is-to-advise-ceos-how-to-defraud-with-impunity

from above:
The lead sets the bemused tone of the article. The article's hook is the ironic failure of top lawyers to follow their own advice that they purportedly "always tell their clients" on how to commit fraud with impunity by ensuring that there is no paper (or electronic) trail of "incriminating" evidence of their crime. The "crim" root of the word "incriminating" comes from the Latin word for "crime." The word "incriminating" means that it provides evidence that one has committed a crime.

... snip ...

referencing:

4 Accused in Law Firm Fraud Ignored a Maxim: Don't Email
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/03/06/former-top-leaders-of-dewey-leboeuf-are-indicted/

the rest of my original post was about iraq, iran, saudi arabia (including responsibility for 9/11). recent article:

Al Qaeda's Second Act; Is Saudi Arabia Regretting Its Support for Terrorism?
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/03/19/is-saudi-arabia-regretting-its-support-for-terrorism/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Mar 2014 08:23:52 -0700
elardus.engelbrecht@SITA.CO.ZA (Elardus Engelbrecht) writes:
What you did, seemed Ok and great, now after all these years, but why did they tried to get rid of you? Are they bored or just p*ssed off because you are miles ahead?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#84 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

well there is also this (about the same time) ... mentioned upthread, the MVS RAS group would have gotten me fired ... if they could have figured out how ... but failing in that ... they tried to make things as unpleasant as possible ... including precluding any corporate-level awards for any of the work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

part of the issue, in the wake of the future system failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

... and the change in corporate culture to sycophancy and make no waves ... recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#28 Write Inhibit

one of the side-effects was that some of the organizations started carefully managing information up the executive chain ... any reference to MVS MTBF of 15mins (even internal only) would have disturbed a carefully managed image.

When the MVS RAS group originally tracked me down and called me up ... I thought they were going to ask me for help on correcting all the problems ... but the first thing they wanted to know was who my management chain was ... I then realized I was going to be in trouble ... they didn't actually want to know how to fix things ... they were interested in much more important things.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Parallel programming may not be so daunting

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Parallel programming may not be so daunting
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Mar 2014 12:53:12 -0400
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
If I'm writing the code I usually fork a process to do the downloading or other long task, but then I find processes easy to handle and thread APIs a pain.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#85 Parallel programming may not be so daunting

I use "make -jn" to control some amount of parallel execution (needs command or shell) ... I've also done some amount with shell functions that can run asynchronously/parallel within shell (both bash & perl)

firefox electrolysis was working on threaded/multiprocess ... but sort of died off ... but work is now picking back up (search electroysis and/or e10s). I've mentioned before that I have process that goes out and does (parallel) wgets and 100 news sites and then eliminates URLs seen before ... and then does parallel commands to running firefox to bring up the new news URLs in background tabs (since firefox is still running serially, i've got to pace things a little to keep from overrunning firefox ... also some websites don't like being asked for several URLs from the same ip-address over short period of time).

i current run with 4-core chip configured with two hyperthreads per core (aka looks like 8-processor machine). for compute intensive stuff I'll run "make -j8" (actually query number of processors and stick it in shell variable that is argument for the "make -j"). make threaded stuff was to do parallel compiles&builds keeping all the dependencies and prerequisites straight ... but you can fake it into managing concurrency w/o a makefile.

few past posts mentioning background tabs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#54 Is there a way to configure your web browser to use multiple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#48 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#50 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#55 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#66 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#41 Moz 1.8 performance dramatically improved
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#51 Intel abandons USEnet news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#85 Which of the latest browsers do you prefer and why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#29 How were you using the internet 10 years ago and how does that differ from how you use it today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#54 Windowed Interfaces 1981-2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#72 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#22 OT: PC clock failure--CMOS battery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#39 Unix systems and Serialization mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#61 Agents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#90 Just for a laugh ... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#39 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#25 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Mar 2014 09:35:36 -0700
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes: you be interested in a slightly used, but very lucrative stake in a > bridge in NYC? <grin/>

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#84 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#87 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

recent reference to how lawyers are trained to advise CEOs how to defraud with impunity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#86

but they got charged because of email evidence ... even tho part of the lawyer training is to never put it in email. references this slightly earlier post about evidence in iran/contra affair was from executive branch (vm370) profs email system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#36

above also mentions that families of 9/11 victims are now being allowed to sue saudi arabia as responsible for 9/11 (some speculation that it comes from growing energy independence)

in slightly older (long-winded) posts in IBM employee (linkedin) discussion group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55

goes into some detail about (some of) IBM history over past two decades

there is slightly related discussion about business schools training MBAs on how to protect monopoly positions (as opposed to how to promote innovation).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#76

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Enterprise Cobol 5.1

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Enterprise Cobol 5.1
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Mar 2014 18:37:05 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
DECsystem-10 actually. Although that often is considered a mainframe, just not an IBM one.

cp/m history
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M#History

prior to developing cp/m (73/74), kildall had worked with cp67/cms at naval postgraduate school.

cp/m reflects some of both cms & dec10/tops10 ... some additional history (dec10 machines used at intel at the time)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

lot of cms traces back to mit ctss system on ibm 7094 ... which also influences pdp10/tops10
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDP-10
tops10
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TOPS-10

note the tops10 scheduler described in above is similar to description for ctss and what was in release 1 of cp67 delivered jan1968.

as undergraduate, one of the (other) things i rewrote was schedule for dynamic adaptive resource manager (sometimes called fairshare scheduler because default resource policy was fairshare) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

other tops10 history ... work from mit being moved into DEC machine
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/TOPS-20.html

similar but different, including several emails from 1980 ... writing 3880 control floppies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#17 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#19 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?

There was joke that the 64kbyte os/360 simulation in cms was much more cost effective os/360 simulation than the 8mbyte one in MVS.

It turns out that los gatos did 12kbyte additional os/360 simulation ... which got many things running.

part of the problem was that the burlington development group had previously done lots of enhancements to cms os/360 including things like read/write os/vtoc disks directly supporting lots of os/vtoc disk file formats ... but it hadn't been released yet ... when POK got the development group shutdown and the group moved to pok to support mvs development ... and the people responsible had managed to escape the move (part of the joke, that the head of POK was a major contributor to DEC VMS operating system). recent references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#4 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#92 write rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#17 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#83 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
Date: 24 Mar 2014
Blog: IBMers
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#69 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

I've repeated several times before

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://seekingalpha.com/article/1876891-ibm-shrinks-analysts-hate-it

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

HBR Blows The Lid Off C-Suite Over-Compensation
http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/02/22/hbr-blows-the-lid-off-c-suite-over-compensation/

one of the periodic US corporate themes is that relatively recently the ratio of top executive compensation to avg worker compensation has exploded to over 400:1 after having been 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in much of the rest of the world.

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
from this recent book about lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

A major selection of work for outsourcing is non-strategic, non-critical activities that aren't part of the focus of top executives. Another criteria that has been used to select work for outsourcing is political considerations. MICC has fine-tuned it for defense projects where they try and put a piece in every critical congressional district ... creating strong congressional backing to continue funding the project ... even when there is no other valid reason. The various mergers may have MICC contaminating Boeing into parceling out pieces of 787 to various countries (there was a Boeing article about the 787 outsourcing to different countries ... likely in return for country airlines making 787 orders ... was a mistake, added a couple years and significantly increased cost).

In some countries IBM has been faced with local laws about how much money (from local sales) that can be taken out of the country ... forcing them to spend some amount of the money (earned there) on things like salaries.

Periodic news stories have just about the opposite occurring in the US, heavy congressional lobbying allowing corporations able to take nearly unlimited amount of money out of the country ... as part of tax avoidance.

On the subject of US military rigid, top-down, command&control infrastructure and former military officers climbing the corporate ladder and contaminating US corporate culture

Command Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901-1940, and the Consequences for World War II, loc2328-34:
Only years later did many get the opportunity to attend the then best military school in the United States -- The Infantry School. Even before George C. Marshall took over as assistant commandant with full responsibility for the curriculum, the school was highly beneficial for the younger and even older officers attending it and, though it was supposed to be a steppingstone to the Command and General Staff School, it had become in fact superior to it.138 Correctly labelled "the heart and the brain of the infantry," no other school taught the desperately needed hands-on knowledge of infantry weapons and tactics on a company, battalion, and regimental level.139 Attending officers, however, were still four to eight years behind their German counterparts in experience.

loc2341-44:
Help, however, was on the way in the person of George C. Marshall, who was determined to set right the wrongs he had experienced when a woefully unprofessional U.S. officer corps went to war in Europe, causing an unparalleled number of American casualties in only nineteen months of war. In his view -- and it can be stated now that he made a historically correct assessment -- the inadequacy of many American officers came from their advanced ages, inflexibility of mind, and lack of modern and practical training.

loc2377-79:
Marshall received specific input for his reforms from a German war veteran and exchange student to The Infantry School. Hauptmann (Captain) Adolf von Schell stayed in Marshall's house and came as close to a friend as a foreigner could get to the enigmatic Marshall.

... snip ...

one of the points in the book was that most military education in the US was strongly oriented towards turning out conformity in contrast to German military schools that were oriented towards turning out leadership. One of the examples was the widespread occurrence of hazing in US military schools (as part of producing conformity and stamping out independence) was so bad that in one hazing incident at VMI, Marshall was injured so badly he almost had to drop out of school.

El-Erian: 6 Reasons Why Capex Is Constrained
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-02/el-erian-6-reasons-why-capex-constrained

from above:
Following last week's confirmation that capital expenditure in the land of the Free runs a very poor third to buybacks and dividends (and well anything that props up the over-inflated share prices of US corporates), and merely confirming what we have been discussing for the last few years (that Fed policy has focused management on short-term gratification and not long-term growth and stability), ex-PIMCO shit-cleaner-upper Mohamed El-Erian notes six reasons why the collapse in capex spend will continue and how central banks have failed to prime the pump of the real economy.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st
Retirement Heist
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K
some IBM specific excerpts
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

some addition on the buyback/dividend theme and lack of support for the real economy

The Greatest Propaganda Coup Of Our Time?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-01/greatest-propaganda-coup-our-time

from above:
While this is effective propaganda, it's basically a lie, mainly because it diverts attention from the Fed's role in crashing the financial system, preventing the remedies that were needed from being implemented (nationalizing the giant Wall Street banks), and coercing Congress into approving gigantic, economy-killing bailouts which shifted trillions of dollars to insolvent financial institutions that should have been euthanized.

... snip ...

When I was sponsoring Boyd's briefings at IBM (air force officer responsible for E/M theory, F15, F16, F18, etc) he would comment about former military officers steeped in rigid, top-down, command&control destroying US corporate culture as they climbed the corporate ladder (lot more over in the IBM "Wild Duck" discussion group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#97 Where does the term Wild Duck come from?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#98 How to groom a leader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#52 First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#53 Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#8 Microsoft culture must change, chairman says

The "Wild Duck" reference is to Watson Sr. saying every business needed "Wild Ducks". Note the referenced ("Command Culture") book is result of the author's phd, spent months pouring over primary sources in both US and Germany .... and Boyd's version of IBM's "Wild Duck":
"There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question." Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999


... snip ...

of course, this is after he had passed, before that USAF had pretty much disowned Boyd ... it was the Marines that were at Arlington when he was buried (around 1990, the commandant of the Marine Corps had leveraged Boyd for a corp makeover, Boyd's effects went to Quantico and the corp sponsors Boyd conferences) A reference to some of Boyd's accomplishments (including E/M theory, F15, F16, & F18)
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

and UCSD business school just had a Boyd conference ... some number of Boyd acolytes were there (I got stuck going to something in Annapolis).
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

reference to Watson's corporate culture died with failure of FS ... from Fergson/Watson "Computer Wars"
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive

... snip ...

more on stock buybacks

How Investors May Be Getting Fooled by Buybacks
http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/investors-fooled-buybacks-22864822

Lots of large US corporations have bought major tax dodgers from congress
http://www.sanders.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/102512%20-%20JobDestroyers3.pdf

from above:
General Electric CEO Jeffrey Immelt

Amount of federal income taxes paid in 2010? Zero. $3.3 billion tax refund.

In 2010, not only did General Electric pay no federal income taxes, it received a $3.3 billion tax refund from the IRS, even though it earned over $5 billion in U.S. profits.

Number of offshore tax havens? At least 14.

GE has at least 14 tax haven subsidiaries in Bermuda, Singapore, and Luxembourg for the purpose of avoiding U.S. income taxes.

Taxpayer Bailout from the Federal Reserve? $16 billion.

During the financial crisis, the Federal Reserve provided GE with $16 billion in financial assistance, at a time when Jeffrey Immelt was a director of the New York Federal Reserve.

Jobs Shipped Overseas? At least 25,000 since 2001.


... snip ...

other references:

General Electric Avoids Taxes By Keeping $108 Billion Overseas
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/03/11/general-electric-taxes_n_2852094.html
G.E.'s Strategies Let It Avoid Taxes Altogether
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/25/business/economy/25tax.html?pagewanted=all

this has been trying to track a lots of the offshore tax evasion
http://www.icij.org/offshore

posts mentioning tax evasion, avoidance, havens
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

other past posts mentioning stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#14 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#16 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#25 IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#48 IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#79 Shocking news: Execs do what they're paid to do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#104 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#31 Apple's long IRS-Irish history --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM India Battles Fraud Amid Scramble To Save Its $2.5B Airtel Contract

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM India Battles Fraud Amid Scramble To Save Its $2.5B Airtel Contract
Date: 24 Mar 2014
Blog: IBMers
IBM India Battles Fraud Amid Scramble To Save Its $2.5B Airtel Contract
http://techcrunch.com/2014/03/24/ibm-india-battles-fraud-amid-scramble-to-save-its-2-5b-airtel-contract/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
Date: 24 Mar 2014
Blog: Linkedin
New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-26637465

CFTC Investigates The "Secret" HFT-Exchange Incentive Program
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-19/cftc-investigates-secret-hft-exchange-incentive-programs
Algo Activity (And Manipulation) Breaks Record On Friday's Quad Witching Debacle
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-24/algo-activity-breaks-record-fridays-quad-witching-debacle
some of the same operations supposedly also involved here IceCap: Which Bubble Is Created Next?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-24/icecap-which-bubble-created-next
The Holy Grail Of Trading Has Been Found: HFT Firm Reveals 1 Losing Trading Day In 1238 Days Of Trading
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-10/holy-grail-trading-has-been-found-hft-firm-reveals-1-losing-trading-day-1238-days-tr

other recent past posts mentioning HFT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#56 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#65 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ebooks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: ebooks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 25 Mar 2014 10:41:40 -0400
settlement in suit against apple conspired to fix prices

Have You Bought An E-Book At Amazon? Check Your Email Right Now To See If You Just Got Some Money
http://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-book-settlement-2014-3

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 25 Mar 2014 11:57:53 -0400
hancock4 writes:
IBM had a 6670 laser printer out around 1983 designed for the office market. It could double as a photocopier. It produced, IMHO, extremely high quality documents. However, I suspect it was expensive, very likely too expensive for individual use.

We used one as a remote mainframe batch printer. It worked well for us. I don't know the cost issues, but I always wondered if we wasted some money since the batch reports we generated did not require that high quality.


bascially an ibm copier3 with computer interface ... including the ability to duplex (print on both sides of paper).

SJR did the enhancements to support APA (all points addressable, SHERPA)

a few past posts mentioning SHERPA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#44 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#74 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#49 GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#19 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads

lots of other past posts mentioning 6670
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#42 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#43 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#52 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#29 20th March 2000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#81 Coloured IBM DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#1 What good and old text formatter are there ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#50 IBM 705 computer manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#5 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#31 Hercules etc. IBM not just missing a great opportunity...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#7 disk write caching (was: ibm icecube -- return of
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#52 Microsoft's innovations [was:the rtf format]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#24 IBM Selectric as printer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#29 6670
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#43 Early attempts at console humor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#1 Oldest running code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#13 JSX 328x printing (portrait)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#48 Xah Lee's Unixism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#61 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#34 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#48 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#51 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#54 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#29 Job seperators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#20 Seeking Info on XDS Sigma 7 APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#44 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#49 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#1 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#36 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#27 The Complete April Fools' Day RFCs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#72 Parse/Template Function
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#51 It has been a long time since Ihave seen a printer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#8a Using Military Philosophy to Drive High Value Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#68 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#69 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#42 Password Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#71 Password Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#6 Timeline: The evolution of online communities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#19 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#1 Does this count as 'computer' folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#74 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#85 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#2 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#23 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#68 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#43 Boyd's Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#57 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#59 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#49 GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#61 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#1 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#82 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#84 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#24 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#55 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#10 History of APL -- Software Preservation Group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#21 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#19 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#53 Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#77 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#95 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#97 Just for a laugh ... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#54 Yahoo Password Breach: 7 Lessons Learned - Security - Attacks/breaches - Informationweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#57 Displaywriter, Unix manuals added to Bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#22 I Need A Good Password

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
Date: 25 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-22/lockheed-martin-f-35-jet-s-software-delayed-gao-says.html

F22 has 1.7M lines-of-code, F35 was originally suppose to be 5.7M lines-of-code but has exploded now to 24M lines-of-code ... also
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/03/gao-next-week.html

... other recent

Fixing the F-35?
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/03/fixing-f-35.html
USAF stops F-16 upgrade that was to be a hedge against F-35 delays
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/03/usaf-stops-f-16-upgrade-that-was-to-be.html
Wear RAAF uniform-get free pass to mislead (note: f35 & counters to F22)
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/03/wear-raaf-uniform-get-free-pass-to.html

I couldn't resist: America's $1 Trillion Target Barge
http://www.emptywheel.net/2014/03/20/americas-1-trillion-target-barge/
and Iran Builds Mock-up of Nimitz-Class Aircraft Carrier
http://politics-beta.slashdot.org/story/14/03/23/0359233/iran-builds-mock-up-of-nimitz-class-aircraft-carrier

and person is no relation

Growler Advocates Outline Stealth Vulnerabilities
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_03_24_2014_p24-674336.xml

from above
Much of the concern of skeptics is centered on the emergence of very-high-frequency (VHF) radars, which uniquely can be used to detect stealthy aircraft. "All 'stealth' means is delayed detection in [a specific] frequency," says one industry official. With a VHF system, "you are essentially the size of your aircraft from long range"

... snip ...

GAO Predicts F-35 Software Troubles May Drive Annual Costs Up To $15 Billion
http://breakingdefense.com/2014/03/gao-predicts-f-35-software-troubles-may-drive-annual-costs-up-to-15-billion/

from above:
To execute the program as planned, the Department of Defense (DOD) will have to increase funds steeply over the next 5 years and sustain an average of $12.6 billion per year through 2037; for several years, funding requirements will peak at around $15 billion.

... snip ...

GAO Issues More Cost Warnings For F-35
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/awx_03_24_2014_p0-674992.xml

froma above:
Lower-than-expected reliability threatens the future of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program, along with doubts as to whether the Pentagon can afford the planned production rate, according to the latest report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
Date: 25 Mar 2014
Blog: Facebook
The Planet's Best Stealth Fighter Isn't Made in America
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/03/24/the-planet-s-best-stealth-fighter-isn-t-made-in-america.html

This is showing up more and more in articles about stealth and drones (in part because drones made physically smaller) along with comments about better integration with targeting systems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low-frequency_radar
also mentions used to shootdown f117
http://www.mit.edu/~thistle/v12/2/stealth.html
topic raised in this article ... mentions integration with other systems about where to concentrate more precise radar
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_03_24_2014_p24-674336.xml

and this article gets into it in a little more detail
http://ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

from above
In summary, the kind of IADS Western aircraft will confront in the post 2010 timeframe will involve mixes of a wide range of radars and missile systems, with considerable diversity in operating bands, power-aperture performance, and often using sophisticated jam resistant modulation techniques, good frequency agility, and smart digital signal and data processing, with data fusion capabilities. The notion of a future IADS resembling Cold War era Soviet export systems is completely unrealistic.

... snip ...

Opinion: Is Saab's New Gripen The Future Of Fighters?
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_03_24_2014_p15-673319.xml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The SEC Finally Takes an Interest in Collateralized Loan Obligations

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The SEC Finally Takes an Interest in Collateralized Loan Obligations
Date: 25 Mar 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/eDJztcX582o

The SEC Finally Takes an Interest in Collateralized Loan Obligations
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/sec-finally-takes-interest-collateralized-loan-obligations.html

SEC Is Probing Dealings by Banks and Companies in Loan Securities
http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303949704579459721396289900

posts mentioning toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

recent refs to rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#46 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#64 Wells Fargo made up on-demand foreclosure papers plan: court filing charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#82 S&P Judge Tentatively Rules It Must Face Deception Claims

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ebooks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: ebooks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 25 Mar 2014 12:31:07 -0400
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Free ebooks (legit):
https://www.baenebooks.com/c-1-free-library.aspx
http://www.gutenberg.org/
http://baencd.thefifthimperium.com/


free kindle books ... they have daily updates ... also kindle app that sort by genre ... also special deals of the day
http://kebooks.com/
freebook sifter
http://www.freebooksifter.com/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
Date: 25 Mar 2014
Blog: Linkedin
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#93 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading

Algo Activity (And Manipulation) Breaks Record On Friday's Quad Witching Debacle
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-24/algo-activity-breaks-record-fridays-quad-witching-debacle

some of the same operations supposedly also involved here

IceCap: Which Bubble Is Created Next?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-03-24/icecap-which-bubble-

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Reflexivity

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Reflexivity
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 25 Mar 2014 10:34:19 -0700
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
A single TCP/IP stack "can communicate with itself". Yes. "over TCP/IP"? It appears to, although I suspect it short- circuits the path.

"localhost" mapping to loopback ip address 127.0.0.1
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Localhost

special-use domain names (including localhost)
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6761

special-use ipv4 addresses (including 127.0.0.1)
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5735

127.0.0.1 convention appears in this older rfc (requirements standard)
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1122
have 127.0.0.1 reserved going back to rfc790 (sep1981)
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc790

trivia at interop '88 ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

sunday night and early monday morning the floor nets were constantly crashing with packet storms ... fortunately fix was found before the show starts. work-around/convention specification then appears in rfc1122 (even tho I was still at ibm, i had equipment in another vendor's booth at the show).

other trivia, the former RFC editor (Postel) would let me help him with (periodically released/updated) STD1 (before he passed). my rfc index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

I even got con'ed into giving electronic commerce seminar to USC/ISI and USC comp.sci graduate deprt. I even covered some amount of the first patent (well before it was granted) in this patent portfolio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

as I've commented a number of times, original mainframe tcp/ip product was implemented in vs/pascal ... which had none of the exploit & buffer overflow problems that are epidemic in tcp/ip stacks implemented in C language. Originally, it did have some performance issues (getting about 44kbytes/sec using 3090 processor) but I did the changes to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at cray research between 4341 and cray ... got sustained 4341 channel throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvment in number of bytes moved per instruction executed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the IETF plans to protect the web from NSA snooping

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How the IETF plans to protect the web from NSA snooping
Date: 25 Mar 2014
Blog: IETF
re:
http://lnkd.in/bwZeUhw

As an aside ... late 80s and early 90s the gov. was saying that tcp/ip and the internet would be eliminated and mandating everything converts to GOSIP. At interop '88 there were lots of OSI booths (courting the gov. business).

How the IETF plans to protect the web from NSA snooping; An IETF plan looks to HTTP 2.0 to help protect internet users from the NSA.
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2013/103113-nsa-ietf-275483.html

We were brought into a small client/server that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; they had also invented this technology called SSL they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". we had to map SSL technology to the payment business process.

later we were tangentially involved in the Cal. state data breach notification legislation. we had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature legislation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
posts mentioning data breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

several of the pariticipants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done extensive detailed public surveys and found the number one issue was identity theft, specifically the kind resulted in fraudulent financial transactions frequently as a result of data breach. an issue was that typically institutions take security measures as measures against treats & risks to the institution. in these cases, the risk wasn't to the institutions but the individual account owners and as such there seemed to be little or nothing being done. there was some anticipation that the publicity from the data breach notifications would prompt countermeasures.

one of the issues in many of these cases is the value of the information to the crooks is 100 times more than the value to many institutions (i.e. prior financial transaction that crooks can use to perform fraudulent transactions). For instance the value of information to the merchant is the profit from the transactions (possibly only a couple of dollars), while the value of the information to the crooks is the credit limit or account balance (possibly several hundred to several thousand) ... as a result, crooks may be able to afford to spend a hundred times more attack a system than can be spent defending. posts mentioning security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

another issue in the current electronic payment information paradigm is its dual use characteristic ... to prevent fraud, it needs to be kept completely confidential and *NEVER* divulged ... while at the same time it is need in dozen of business processes at millions of locations around the world (we've periodically claimed that even if the planet was buried in miles of information hiding encryption, it wouldn't prevent information leakage).

we were brought into the x9a10 financial standard working group (which had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments) and were co-authors of x9.59 financial transaction standard which slightly tweaked the paradigm and eliminated the value of previous transaction information (& account numbers) to crooks ... and therefor eliminated the major motivation for most of current breaches. it also eliminated the current major use of SSL in the world today ... this earlier stuff we worked on for electronic commerce.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#x959

Internet architects propose encrypting all the world's Web traffic; Next-gen HTTP calls for default crypto to stop spying by spooks and criminals.
http://arstechnica.com/security/2013/11/encrypt-all-the-worlds-web-traffic-internet-architects-propose/

The original analysis we did for using SSL for electronic commerce was that the user understood the relationship between the webserver they wanted to talk to and the URL they typed into the browser; then browser use of SSL would establish the relationship between the typed in URL and the webserver it actually was talking to. Both were necessary to have the webserver being talked to was actually the webserver that the user was expecting. However, ecommerce sites found out that use of SSL cut their throughput by 90% ... and they dropped back to only using SSL for checkout.

Now the URL that the user provided was no longer being validated by SSL; then they would click a button and the (unvalidated) website would provide a URL for SSL to validate. Now the only thing that could be said was that the website was the website it claimed to be (but not necessarily the website that the user was expecting). This click on convention for URL violated/voided a basic security premise for SSL.

As an aside ... late 80s and early 90s the gov. was saying that tcp/ip and the internet would be eliminated and mandating everything converts to GOSIP. At interop '88 there were lots of OSI booths (courting the gov. business).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Mar 2014 09:23:42 -0400
Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2111448/microsoft-publishes-ms-dos-word-for-windows-source-code.html
Microsoft Posts Source Code For MS-DOS and Word For Windows
http://tech.slashdot.org/story/14/03/25/186232/microsoft-posts-source-code-for-ms-dos-and-word-for-windows
Microsoft releases source code for MS-DOS and Word
http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/03/microsoft-releases-source-code-for-ms-dos-and-word/

recent thread over in ibm-main mailing list that wandered into bootstrapping and what was used for cp/m
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#90

before ms/dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
before cp/m, kildall worked on cp67/cms at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html
npg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Postgraduate_School
cp67/cms (aka precursor to vm/370)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS
before cp67/cms ... there was virtual machine, interactive computing cp/40
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
at the IBM science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
lots of cp/67 starting in the 60s (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml
note that after CTSS,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

some of the folks went to the science center on the 4th flr and did cp/40 and then cp/67. Other of the folks went to the 5th flr and did multics.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

some number of the people that started work on multics returned to bell labs and did unix
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNIX

other posts mentioning cp/m
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#7 Why former IBMers who left maybe years ago for any reason are still active on the Greater IBM Connection?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#22 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#23 HCF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#28 Some interesting post about the importance of Security and what it means for the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#51 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#0 What in your opinion is the one defining IBM product?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#51 Search for first Web page takes detour into US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#9 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#3 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#69 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#74 z/OS is antique WAS: Aging Sysprogs = Aging Farmers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ebooks

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: ebooks
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Mar 2014 09:52:14 -0400
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#94 ebooks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#99 ebooks

Kindle v Glass, apps v text: the complicated future of books; Is the future an interactive novel read on a Google Glass? One thing's for certain: the transformation of the written word is one of the defining issues of our age
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/26/kindle-v-glass-apps-v-text-the-complicated-future-of-books

and ...

You Could Soon Read An Entire Harry Potter Book In Under 90 Minutes With This App
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/27/spritz-reading_n_4865756.html
Spritz app lets you read at 1,000 wpm -- but at what cost?
http://money.cnn.com/2014/03/13/technology/innovation/spritz/
New App Wants to Help You Read Things Four Times Faster
http://www.thewire.com/technology/2014/03/new-speed-reading-app-will-help-you-read-things-4x-faster/359005/
Spritz
http://www.spritzinc.com/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

After Target, Neiman Marcus breaches, does PCI compliance mean anything?

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: After Target, Neiman Marcus breaches, does PCI compliance mean anything?
Date: 26 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
After Target, Neiman Marcus breaches, does PCI compliance mean anything?
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9245709/_After_Target_Neiman_Marcus_breaches_does_PCI_compliance_mean_anything_

We were tangentially involved the cal state data breach notification law (first in the nation). We had been brought in to help word smith the cal state electronic signature act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
posts mentioning data breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

and many of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done extensive public surveys and the number #1 issue was identity theft, primarily the form account fraud form involving fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches/skimming. The issue was that little or nothing was being done and it was hoped that the publicity from breaches would motivate corrective action (nominally security measures are taken in self-protection, however in the cases of breaches, the institutions weren't at risk, the public was).

In the years since the cal. state breach notification act, there have been numerous federal preemption notification bills (none passed), about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. legislation and those that effectively would eliminate notification. Some of the notification "elimination" acts would reference industry action, like PCI which originated after the cal. legislation.

some past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#10 PKI, Smartcard, Certificate Chain Verification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#25 PCI audit compliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005v.html#4 ABN Tape - Found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#64 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#85 PCI Compliance - Encryption of all non-console administrative access
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#94 PCI Compliance - Encryption of all non-console administrative access
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#0 The Unexpected Fact about the First Computer Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#77 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#79 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#91 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#35 U.S. Identity Theft at Record Level in 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#1 PCI's Bob Russo: Data loss hurts brand more than a fine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#69 PCI Compliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#72 Why Are CC Numbers Still So Easy To Find?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#3 Cybersecurity hearing highlights inadequacy of PCI DSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#16 Cybersecurity hearing highlights inadequacy of PCI DSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#36 PCI security rules may require reinforcements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#44 Chip and PIN for ID cards: Not such a sharp idea?; Hackers PINing after your details
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#57 Data masking/data disguise Primer 1) WHY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#10 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#25 New standard for encrypting card data in the works; backers include Heartland
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#63 New standard for encrypting card data in the works; backers include Heartland
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#53 Merchant Groups Ask for Broad Changes in Letter to PCI's Overseer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#13 PCI SSC Seeks Input on Security Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#62 An Information Gap Sparks a Dust-Up over Remote Key Injection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#50 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#28 PCI Council Releases Recommendations For Preventing Card-Skimming Attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#36 The Compliance Spectrum...Reducing PCI DSS Scope
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#75 What's old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#39 Six Months Later, MasterCard Softens a Controversial PCI Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#49 Six Months Later, MasterCard Softens a Controversial PCI Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#9 On Scope Scrinkage in PCI DSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#3 zSeries Manpower Sizing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The IBM Strategy

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: The IBM Strategy
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 26 Mar 2014 10:29:20 -0700
URL recently showed up in (ibm employee) linkedin group
http://www.ibm.com/annualreport/2013/strategy.html

The IBM Strategy: We are making a new future for our clients, our industry and our company. This is how.

01: We are making markets by transforming indusries and professions with data

02: We are remaking enterprise IT for the era of cloud

03: We are enabling systems of engagement for enterprises. And we are leading by example.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims
Date: 26 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/26/us-bankofamerica-settlement-fhfa-idUSBREA2P23720140326

posts mentioning too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and/or too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

but then there is this: "The Economic Scam of the Century"
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/03/26/the-economic-scam-of-the-century/

from above:
The leaders of the U.S. Senate Banking Committee, Sen. Tim Johnson (D., S.D.) and Sen. Mike Crapo (R., Idaho), released a draft bill on Sunday that would provide explicit government guarantees on mortgage-backed securities (MBS) generated by privately-owned banks and financial institutions. The gigantic giveaway to Wall Street would put US taxpayers on the hook for 90 percent of the losses on toxic MBS the likes of which crashed the financial system in 2008 plunging the economy into the deepest slump since the Great Depression.

... snip ...

also note that there was over $27T (thats trillion) done during the bubble:
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

turning loan business into transaction business funneled through wallstreet ... there are claims that the skim of the new $27+T in business tripled the size of wallstreet (as percent of GDP) during the bubble.

posts mentioning (triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The IBM Strategy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: The IBM Strategy
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 27 Mar 2014 08:25:14 -0700
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
02: We are remaking enterprise IT for the era of cloud

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#106 The IBM Strategy

Attack of the killer clouds and the coming IT storm
http://www.infoworld.com/t/cringely/attack-of-the-killer-clouds-and-the-coming-it-storm-239006

from above:
Death by cloud and virtualization

The specific IT dodo myth tends to revolve around the specter of virtualization combined with the private and public cloud. This multiheaded monster will turn all networks into self-sustaining, self-configuring, self-remediating benevolent SkyNets and, thus, kill the IT pro. When you have instant infrastructure provisioning, policy-based scalability, and a network that runs at the cut-and-paste level, not the crack-the-rack level, who needs IT pros?


... snip ...

I've mentioned before the explosion in vm/4341s at large corporations ... ordering hundreds at a time and putting out in departmental areas ... sort of the leading edge of the distributed computing tsunamis. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

The high-end disks for datacenters were 3380s ... the the low-end and mid-range disks were all FBA (3310s & 3370s) ... sort of locking MVS out of the market. Eventually they came out with CKD 3375 (emulated on real FBA 3370, sort of the beginning of the end of real CKD ... which haven't been manufactured for decades). However, the MVS system care and feeding could easily to run to dozen or more people ... so didn't scale very well when talking about putting out hundreds in every departmental area.

The big cloud massive megadatacenters now involve hundreds of thousands of systems with millions of processors, being managed by several scores of people.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Citigroup Fails Fed Stress Test as BofA Gets Dividend Boost

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Citigroup Fails Fed Stress Test as BofA Gets Dividend Boost
Date: 27 Mar 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Citigroup Fails Fed Stress Test as BofA Gets Dividend Boost
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-26/citigroup-fails-fed-stress-test-as-goldman-bofa-modify-plans.html

... BofA gets to increase dividend at same time socked with $9+B settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#107

Bank of America to pay $9.3 billion to settle mortgage bond claims
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/26/us-bankofamerica-settlement-fhfa-idUSBREA2P23720140326

and Citi fails stress test.

Is the Citigroup Stress Test Rejection Really a Surprise? Really?
http://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/2014-03-27/citigroup-stress-test-rejection-really-surprise-really
Citi Fails Fed Stress Test -- The REAL Story
http://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/2014-03-26/citi-fails-fed-stress-test-%E2%80%A6-real-story
Fed Admits "Stress Tests" Are a Sham Washington's Blog
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2009/04/fed-admits-stress-tests-are-a-sham.html

above from Apr2009 about "stress tests" were pure sham ... note that end of 2008, just the four largest too big to fail were carrying $5.2T in toxic CDOs "off-book" ... if they had been required to bring them back on-book, they would have been declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated (with Citi carrying the largest share of the $5.2T)
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning (triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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