List of Archived Posts

2012 Newsgroup Postings (06/17 - 07/05)

Interesting News Article
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Interesting News Article
Interesting News Article
A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
Interesting News Article
Good article. Friday discussion type
Familiar
Interesting News Article
Familiar
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
IEBPTPCH questions
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Think You Know The Mainframe?
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
Interesting News Article
Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question
IEBPTPCH questions
The Invention of Email
OT but important Wall Street Journal article on Internet regulation
Interesting News Article
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question
Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
The Invention of Email
Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them
US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
The Invention of Email
Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Did this 1985 film coin the phrase 'information superhighway' and predict Siri?
Just a quick link to a video by the National Research Council of Canada made in 1971 on computer technology for filmmaking
GNOSIS & KeyKOS
Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials
Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Virtual address Memory Protection Unit
Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
Early use of the word "computer"
Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'? thoughts please
a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Operating System, what is it?
IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
Operating System, what is it?
Operating System, what is it?
a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
Operating System, what is it?
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Early use of the word "computer"
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Early use of the word "computer"
Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
Operating System, what is it?
"The Truth Will Set You Free" -- on Destination z
a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Operating System, what is it?
HELP WITH PCOM - PASTE OPTION NOT WORKING CORRECTLY
Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
Does Two-Factor Authentication Need Fixing?
Firms told to own up to cybercrime attacks
Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Operating System, what is it?
Operating System, what is it?
Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Operating System, what is it?
Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

Interesting News Article

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 17 Jun 2012 10:17:18
Robert Bannister <robban1@bigpond.com> writes:
So why is America spending trillions of dollars on its armed forces in Afghanistan?

MICC ... recent comments that Eisenhower originally intended to say military-industrial-congressional complex ... but shortened it to military-industrial complex at the last minute.

last decade tax revenues were reduced by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap (compared to baseline which had all federal dept retired by 2010, much of it coming after congress allowed fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 ... for instance the first major legislation after expire of fiscal responsibility act was medicare part-d, described as trillions of dollar gift to the drug industry, comptroller general has described as unfunded mandate becoming long-term $40T, totally swamping all other items).

$2+T of the spending increase (over baseline) was for DOD, $1+T for the two "wars" and the other $1+T has gone where(?):

What Did the Rumsfeld/Gates Pentagon Do with $1 Trillion?
http://www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=4623

note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html

cdi.org has recently been offline, but also found here
http://web.docuticker.com/go/docubase/60230

more recent article is that the long-term total bill (for the two "wars") will eventaully come near to $5T, taking into account veterns benefits and medical bills. Somewhat aside, part of the congressional corruption on medicare part-D was covered in cbs 60mins segment. 18 congressmen and staffers shepherding bill thru added one-liner at the last minute and prevented CBO from distributing report about effects until after vote (i.e. it disallowed drug competitive bidding). Not long later all 18 had resigned and were on drug industry payrolls. 60mins showed prices of drugs under part-d and same exact drugs 1/3rd the price under VA (which allows copetitive bidding).

TIMES cover article from 1983 ... gone behind paywall but mostly lives free at wayback machine (for some reason, one or two of the pages weren't picked up, so have to skip over):
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

and references in 1999, gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

and more recent "Perpetual War"
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

disclaimer: I first sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM in the early 80s. Boyd would describe taking 18months preparing for the Times article, including cover for the people involved ... SECDEF attempting to take revenge. They tried to get the person (shown on the cover of Times) ... but there was written approval for every piece of information. Folklore is later DOD created a "NO-SPIN" classification ... unclassifed but not to be given to Spinney. Then the SECDEF had Boyd transferred to Alaska and banned from the Pentagon for life. At the time, Boyd had sufficient congressional cover that it was reversed within a week (since then all of congress appears to have gone over to the dark side).

misc. URLs from around the web and/or past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 17 Jun 2012 14:36:18
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
That's what Teddy Roosevelt and the Trust Busters were doing at the turn of the 20th century... preventing big business from controlling the government.

pretty much already happened. part of the periodic references by the press in washington dc area about capital hill being Kabuki theater ... majority of the what appears to be difference between political parties is all done for show ... pumping up public to take sides and helps motivate contributing money ... also distraction ... sort of like magician tricks ... or like the roman games/circus.

recent break started in the 70s

America Is Broken, What Now?
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html

repeat of above but includes percent of total wealth by top 1% from 1913-2007
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html
part of this article:
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
household "wealth" now lower than 1989
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-06-14/americas-vanishing-household-wealth
possibly earlier, but measures used for above, changed
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-06-14/were-americans-richer-in-1983-we-just-dont-know

and books on the subject

Griftopia: Bubble Machines, Vampire Squids, and the Long Con That Is Breaking America
http://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America/dp/0385529953
Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I
Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.amazon.com/Freefall-America-Markets-Sinking-ebook/dp/B0035YDM9E
Reckless Endangerment: How Outsized Ambition, Greed, and Corruption Led to Economic Armageddon
http://www.amazon.com/Reckless-Endangerment-Corruption-Armageddon-ebook/dp/B004H1TM1G
The Two Trillion Dollar Meltdown
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

and more recent, any claims of corrections a facade

Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS
Zombie Banks: How Broken Banks and Debtor Nations Are Crippling the Global Economy
http://www.amazon.com/Zombie-Banks-Crippling-Bloomberg-ebook/dp/B0060IWMNY/</a>

and

13 Bankers: The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown
http://www.amazon.com/13-Bankers-Takeover-Financial-ebook/dp/B0036S4EIW
The Buyout of America: How Private Equity Will Cause the Next Great Credit Crisis
http://www.amazon.com/Buyout-America-Private-Equity-Credit/dp/1591842859/

parallels between graft/corruption with the railroads and now

Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America
http://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
article about above:
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html

recent posts mentioning doing $700T in risky gambling ... more than ever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#25 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#58 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#82 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interesting News Article

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 17 Jun 2012 16:05:09
Robert Bannister <robban1@bigpond.com> writes:
So why is America spending trillions of dollars on its armed forces in Afghanistan? It doesn't look like a picnic to me. I'm hoping most of our own soldiers will come home next year.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article

sent by my daughter on memorial day: Battle for Baqubah: Killing Our Way Out
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I

somewhat representing her husband's 2nd tour in Iraq (his 1st tour was Fallujah). also this blog:
http://www.michaelyon-online.com/hunting-al-qaeda-part-i-of-iii.htm

one of the reviews (at Amazon of Baqubah) claims it was more fierce than Fallujah (insurgents learned a lot in Fallujah).

One of the comments in book was the enormous number of vehicles (mostly) destroyed by IEDs. loc5243-54:
I was overwhelmed at the amount of destruction that surrounded me. The sterile yard was about 150 meters wide by about 100 meters deep, and it was packed full of destroyed vehicles (words can't describe what I saw)

... snip, and ...
I saw other Bradleys and M1 Abrams main battle tanks, the pride of the 1st Cavalry Division—vehicles that, if back at Fort Hood, would be parked meticulously on line, tarps tied tight, gun barrels lined up, track line spotless, not so much as a drop of oil on the white cement. What I saw that day was row after row of mangled tan steel as if in a junkyard that belonged to Satan himself.

... snip ...

mentions after awhile they were no longer getting "newer" replacements ... but retired stuff used in desert storm with archaic electronics (that wasn't compatible with that they were currently using).

and as the previous post references ... what happened to the other trillion? cdi.org appears to have all gone 404 ... but in addition to previously mentioned alternative URL for the document other references:

The Surge in Defense Spending; What Did the Pentagon Do With That Extra Trillion Dollars?
http://www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=2870
The Pentagon Owes the United States $1 Trillion
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/winslow-t-wheeler/the-pentagon-owes-the-uni_b_700331.html

note cdi.org has moved to
http://www.pogo.org/straus/
... missing $1T is now
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2010/what-did-the-rumsfeld-gates-pentagon-do-with-1-trillion.html

some of this dates to at least vietnam, Boyd story repeated recently in these posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#21 The Age of Unsatisfying Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#63 Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'?

One of Boyd's stories about Viet Nam ... and the new air force air-to-air missile; he reviewed it said it would be lucky to hit 10% (even tho they said it hit every time). Once in vietnam, he turned out to be right. One day the air force general (in vietnam) grounded all fighters and converted to sidewinders ... which had better hit rate ... and started loosing less planes and pilots. The general was quickly called on the carpet in pentagon. He had committed the worst transgression in US military ... reducing budget share (using fewer missiles, loosing fewer planes and pilots) and increasing another service's budget share (using sidewinders). Pentagon was so far from actual conflict that their values were totally distorted and divorced from what was going on ...

...

misc. URLs from around the web (including Boyd doing the battle plan for desert storm in the early 90s ... although they didn't follow through) and posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interesting News Article

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2012 09:23:16
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
then possibly within hrs of last email in above (late Jan1992), effort was transferred and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. a couple weeks later, news in press about it being announced for numeric-intensive ONLY (17Feb1992)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and later in the spring reference to it coming as complete *SURPRISE* to the company (11May1992)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article

also similar discussion in ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 Familiar

20yrs later

IBM wins top spot on supercomputer list
http://www.tgdaily.com/hardware-features/64103-ibm-wins-top-spot-on-supercomputer-list

from above:
The IBM BlueGene/Q system, named Sequoia, is installed at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and hit 16.32 petaflop/s on the Linpack benchmark using 1,572,864 cores. It's also one of the most energy efficient systems on the list.

... snip ...

it has more than two times the number of cores of #2 on the list and getting slightly more than 1.5 times the petaflops

by coincidence the last email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email920129
in the referenced list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

includes discussion of a meeting at LLNL earlier in the week, that I wasn't able to attend ... but a couple of people at the meeting (from other vendors) came by to fill me in on what happened.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 18 June, 2012
Subject:  A joke seen in an online discussion about moving a box of tape backups
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/fsNBxJ
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#80

Old Geeks discussion
http://lnkd.in/Bwajsy

about "3737", later in the 80s (even tho claim was that customers didn't need T1 support until 90s) ... it was communication group's effort to spoof vtam into T1. The 3737 looked a little like another CTCA mainframe which ran a mini-VTAM had lots of buffering and 68k processors. It would immediately ACK the mainframe VTAM (as if the sent transmission had already arrived at destination) ... attempting to mask the VTAM protocol bottleneck with latency. Then the 3737 would perform the actual transmission with the remote 3737 over T1 link. The 3737 was seriously VTAM specific and would peak at about aggregate 2mbit/sec sustain (i.e. US T1 is full-duplex 1.5mbits or 3mbits aggregate and european T1 is full-duplex 2mbits or 4mbits aggregate.

old 3737 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

posts/discussions referencing 3737
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#75 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#77 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#2 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#54 Did My Brother Invent E-Mail With Tom Van Vleck? (Part One)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#103 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#41 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#20 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#19 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interesting News Article

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2012 13:38:57
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#3 Interesting News Article

similar thread in (mainframe) ibm-main mailing list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 Familiar

and archived thread in google groups
http://groups.google.com/group/bit.listserv.ibm-main/browse_thread/thread/959cc48416d8106c/05eff6be31ce6a81?lnk=raot#05eff6be31ce6a81

but from more of commercial/dbms, the above discusses a little more about ha/cmp & cluster scaleup for rdbms/commercial

and also references this 2009 post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

referencing (not quite 20yrs later):

DB2 announces technology that trumps Oracle RAC and Exadata
http://freedb2.com/2009/10/10/for-databases-size-does-matter/
IBM pureScale Technology Redefines Transaction Processing Economics. New DB2 Feature Sets the Bar for System Performance on More than 100 IBM Power Systems
http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/28593.wss

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Good article. Friday discussion type

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Good article. Friday discussion type.
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Jun 2012 12:41:43
scott_j_ford@YAHOO.COM (Scott Ford) writes:
To me engineer fits. But this my person view based on what I have done over the years. Then there's the degreed engineers vs the hard school of knock ones, which I am the later

engineers know how to build stuff ... some states they are also licensed and are required to have a license to call themselves engineers

quote from Volcker talking to civil engineering professor about disappearing programs at US institutions because decades with lack of infrastructure projects resulted in lack of jobs (discouraging students from majoring in civil engineering):

Well, I said, 'The trouble with the United States recently is we spent several decades not producing many civil engineers and producing a huge number of financial engineers. And the result is s*tty bridges and a s*tty financial system!

... snip ... pg.290, "Confidence Men: Wall Street, Washington, and the Education of a President"
http://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS

recently, resumption of some infrastructure projects in the US (in part from stimulus funds) has resulted in contracts with Chinese engineering firms.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Familiar

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Familiar
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2012 16:54:49
shmuel+gen@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
Was that the reason, or was it because PCP and MFT[1] did not have ATTACH?

[1] MFT eventually got ATTACH, but that came later.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 Familiar

possibly before I saw it, don't really know.

betatest for product was 1969 ... not sure what they were doing (at site where it was developed) prior to that ... so it would have been at least Release 18 (and university had moved from MFT to MVT at release 15/16; aka release 15 had slipped so far ... that it eventually shipped from IBM as double release).

however, major heavy weight (besides avoiding TCB tasking) was OPEN/CLOSE for task. CICS did batch open at startup ... disk accesses and pathlength for OPEN/CLOSE would have swamped typical task disk accesses and execution time. First bug I shot was OPEN ... implementation stuffed some bits in DCB fields for specific BDAM options. Library was using different set of BDAM options, the OPEN would fail and couldn't get it started. I had to zap some instructions to stop the DCB field fiddling in the CICS code.

misc. past posts mentioning BDAM &/or CICS:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interesting News Article

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Jun 2012 08:37:13
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
I'm not sure if you're pointing at me, but I don't blame the entire population. However, in a small village everyone knows everyone else, and all their business. People know who's Taliban and who isn't. If they chose to ignore then and let them use the village as a base for terrorist attacks they're asking for trouble. No one intends them harm, but they need to keep out of the line of fire.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#2 Interesting News Article

villagers were frequently subject to death threats by insurgents. similar situation in the US results in the witness protection program ... except in afghan & iraq it means large percentage of the country ... which the US has demonstrated it is unable to do (place whole country in witness protection and guarantee safety).

similar to Baqubah ... but scouts over the wire in vietnam (into laos, cambodia, and north vietnam) "Across The Fence" ... where NVA would regularly totally wipe out all locals
http://www.amazon.com/Across-The-Fence-ebook/dp/B004XMOISG

bringing it back a little to computers, I had sponsored Boyd's briefings (on OODA-loops and effective organizations) at IBM. One of his biographies mentions him doing stint in command of Spook Base ("$2.5B windfall for IBM"). spook base reference (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

from above:
Before Pac Man, Pong, or Space Invaders, there was Igloo White - the original computer video game - where the loser paid in real blood, so that the winner did not have to.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Familiar

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Familiar
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Jun 2012 05:17:00
lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler) writes:
however, major heavy weight (besides avoiding TCB tasking) was OPEN/CLOSE for task. CICS did batch open at startup ... disk accesses and pathlength for OPEN/CLOSE would have swamped typical task disk accesses and execution time. First bug I shot was OPEN ... implementation stuffed some bits in DCB fields for specific BDAM options. Library was using different set of BDAM options, the OPEN would fail and couldn't get it started. I had to zap some instructions to stop the DCB field fiddling in the CICS code.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 Familiar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#7 Familiar

one of the things i started doing around release 11 was totally taking apart the stage2 output from stage1 sysgen and reordering it so the execution sequence would carefully place files and pds members on disk for optimal disk arm seeking. for the univ. student workload, this gained approx. three times increase in throughput. one of the major wins was ordering the multitude of svclib open/close pds members

long ago and far away, part of presentation I made at fall '68 SHARE in Atlanta
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

That spring and summer, I had significantly rewritten sections of cp67 code (in this benchmark with mft14, reduced cp67 processing time from 534 cpu seconds to 113 cpu seconds).

CP67 never did quite make it to production at the univ., I just got to play with it on weekends. Mostly the 360/67 ran in 360/65 mode with os/360. One of the aggravations with careful PDS member ordering was PTFs replacing PDS members and destroying the careful ordering. Lots of PTF activity over time could cut throughput in half ... and if a new release build wasn't imminent, I would have to rebuild the current release to get throughput back.

in any case, even with careful ordering ... open/close process still involved fetching a large number of PDS members ... doing on a transaction basis would have totally destroyed CICS thruput.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Jun 2012 09:14:17
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
has reference to Stiglitz's earlier book

Stiglitz's Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.amazon.com/Freefall-America-Markets-Sinking-ebook/dp/B0035YDM9E


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#3 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Joseph Stiglitz: The Rich Have Become Experts At Advancing Their Cause
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/18/joseph-stiglitz-the-rich-_n_1606116.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003

from above
Stiglitz also argues that the richest Americans have successfully obscured how much inequality has truly risen, citing a study that found most people think the wealthiest fifth of society holds 60 percent of the nation's wealth, when that percentage lies closer to something around 85 percent.

... snip ...

also references:

We've been brainwashed; It's no accident that Americans widely underestimate inequality. The rich prefer it that way
http://www.salon.com/2012/06/14/weve_been_brainwashed/singleton/
Fast Track to Inequality
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/02/opinion/02herbert.html?_r=1

goes along with

America Is Broken, What Now?
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html
and
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html

previous references to Stiglitz
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#75 Fed Report: Mortgage Mess NOT an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#77 Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#91 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#14 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 19 June, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A

A lot of cloud has to do with "on-demand" ... significant additional provisioning so there are enormous amount of spare resources available for peak load ... which may otherwise be idle majority of the time. mainframes have tended to be so expensive that few would provision for on-demand with significant amount of idle resources except under peak demand ... they would tend to concentrate on batch that fully utilized the machine.

Fully configured z196 mainframe with 80 processor is listed at 50BIPS and $28M (or about $560,000/BIPS). A intel/86 e5-2600 blade is rated at 527BIPS and IBM lists a base price of $1815 (or $3.15/BIPS). Part of the story about current intel/86 performance is that all of the new chips are actually RISC engines with 86 instructions being converted to RISC microops for actual execution.

Lots of cloud related on-demand activity is well under the $560,000/BIPS price range.

In the 60s & early 70s there were a whole lot of stuff done for cp67 to reduce costs of leaving the system up 7x24 for online use. Part of the issue was that early on there was very little non-prime-time/off-shift use ... wouldn't even cover the power&cooling costs ... but w/o having the service available 7x24 ... it was difficult to encourage 7x24 use. Also had to see a large increase in terminals at home for off-shift use .. in the days when even a "portable" terminal was two 40lb suitcases.

for the fun of it NIST SP 800-145, Essential Characteristics:

On-demand self-service. A consumer can unilaterally provision computing capabilities, such as server time and network storage, as needed automatically without requiring human interaction with each service provider.

Broad network access. Capabilities are available over the network and accessed through standard mechanisms that promote use by heterogeneous thin or thick client platforms (e.g., mobile phones, tablets, laptops, and workstations).

Resource pooling. The provider's computing resources are pooled to serve multiple consumers using a multi-tenant model, with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand. There is a sense of location independence in that the customer generally has no control or knowledge over the exact location of the provided resources but may be able to specify location at a higher level of abstraction (e.g., country, state, or datacenter). Examples of resources include storage, processing, memory, and network bandwidth.

Rapid elasticity. Capabilities can be elastically provisioned and released, in some cases automatically, to scale rapidly outward and inward commensurate with demand. To the consumer, the capabilities available for provisioning often appear to be unlimited and can be appropriated in any quantity at any time.

Measured service. Cloud systems automatically control and optimize resource use by leveraging a metering capability at some level of abstraction appropriate to the type of service (e.g., storage, processing, bandwidth, and active user accounts). Resource usage can be monitored, controlled, and reported, providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning e5-2600:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#64 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#3 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#4 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#94 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#99 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#105 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#4 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#7 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#4 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#35 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#52 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#62 What are your experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IEBPTPCH questions

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IEBPTPCH questions
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Jun 2012 07:48:40
jeff.holst@FISERV.COM (Jeff Holst) writes:
Some, if not all, punches had multiple stackers, which might be thought of as buckets for receiving the punched cards. At my first job, we had a combination reader/punch, and it was possible to direct both the read cards and the punched cards to a common stacker. Not using a spooler for either the card input or output, it was possible to examine the input data and punch a card to flag an error on the previously read card. We would have the tabs on the cards (the cut corner) of the punched cards such that their location was opposite of the read cards, making it easy to spot the punched cards in the stack. That was the way it worked years before I got there. Since that time, the job in question had gone from card input to tape (produced by key to disk operators) and the errors were now identified by a printed report. However, the original code to open and close the punch was still present and as a result header and trailer cards were still punched. My first programming task was to get rid of this, which proved to be harder than it sounds.

univ. still did registration with sense-marked cards (no. 2 pencil). field house with lots of tables for each class, get in line for a card. sense mark were converted to punch holes.

360 with 2540 reader/punch ... five stackers, two dedicated for reader, two dedicated for punch, one in the middle shared between reader&punch (stacker "3" for both reader & punch).

large number of card trays (3000 cards/tray) ... fed in 2540 reader and selected to middle stacker. there would be validation done and if there was some problem, a blank card was punched behind it. all the registration cards were plain manila, the cards loaded in the punch had colored stripe across the top. when everything was done and all cards back in the trays ... "problems" could be spotted with the colored stripe card behind it.

I wrote the stacker select code.

2540 reader/punch ... punch on the left, reader on the right
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/2540.html

2540 decription
http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/25xx/A21-9033-1_2540_Card_Punch_Component_Description_1965.pdf

my q&d conversion of gcard ios3270 to html:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html

card reader/punch command codes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#23

ANSI control characters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#9

....

other trivia

univ. admin had daily job that had started out on 407, it was then coverted to 1401 program that simulated 407 plug-board, which then coverted by some automatic process to 709 cobol, which then got converted to 360 cobol. the 360 cobol program still printed the 407 sense switches at the end of the run. one day, the program printed out some sense switch value that the operator wasn't familiar with. whole production operation was stopped for nearly two hrs while they tried to figure it out. eventually they decided to rerun to see if the same values came out.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Jun 2012 13:02:08
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Yes, but the speculators call the shots. As nice as affordable housing sounds, it'll never happen in a world where such a thing is regarded as an economic disaster.

past news references that fed was forcing states to sign up for this financial institution fraudulent mortgage settlement ... for pennies on the dollar (only $25B when there was $27T done during the period) ... some states were trying hold out for real fraud prosecution and full fines.

however, the purpose (of even the pennies on the dollar) was supposed to go to the victims of the fraudulent activity ... but even that isn't happening.

Georgia To Spend $100 Million Meant For Helping Homeowners On Corporate Giveaways Instead
http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2012/06/18/501186/georgia-foreclosure-settlement-corporate/

from above:
Georgia is hardly alone in siphoning off foreclosure settlement funds to plug holes in its budget. But using the money for corporate handouts -- which often backfire on a state and lead to a race to the bottom as states attempt to out-do each other in terms of the biggest giveaways -- doubly insulting to homeowners depending on the settlement to provide them with a lifeline.

... snip ...

past a.f.c. post on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#10 PC industry is heading for more change

a couple of the refs from above:

Foreclosure settlement a failure of law, a triumph for bank attorneys
http://www.washingtonpost.com/foreclosure-settlement-a-failure-of-law-a-triumph-for-bank-attorneys/2012/02/23/gIQAe7feaR_story.html

from above:
Before the settlement, we learned that nearly every aspect of the robosigned documents was false. None of the details were ever reviewed. The signatures attesting to the review of the documents were fabricated -- made by someone other than the person whose name was on the document. Neither person -- the supposed signatory to the document nor the hired forger -- ever validated the facts of each case. All of the safeguards put in place to make sure foreclosures were done correctly and legally were bypassed. Even the notary stamps were bogus -- they were not real, and not signed by a notary to validate that the signer and the signature matched.

... snip ...

Ask the mineshaft: what's gone wrong with America? The decay spreads faster than I imagined possible.
http://fabiusmaximus.wordpress.com/2012/03/02/36115/

from above:
The mortgage settlement by State attorneys general marks a new low for America. A massive criminal conspiracy -- the Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems (MERs, see Wikipedia), plus large-scale perjury ("robo-signing" foreclosure papers) and fraud before our courts. All settled with a slap on the wrist to the banks. It teaches large corporations thay they lie beyond the law, a large step beyond the traditional lax enforcement of laws against big businesses.

... snip ...

The Foreclosure-to-Rental Boondoggle
http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/03/02/the-foreclosure-to-rental-boondoggle/

from above:
The reason that housing prices have dipped only 33.6 percent in the United States instead of 60 percent as they have in Ireland, is because the big banks have been keeping inventory off the market. If the millions of homes -- that are presently headed for foreclosure -- were suddenly dumped onto the market, prices would plunge and the biggest banks in the country would be declared insolvent

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 19 Jun 2012 16:53:45
Ibmekon writes:
A non-political recent forecast is for a further 20 percent drop in house prices here in Ireland.

The market is currently being propped up by special deals - interest only, payments holiday etc.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#13 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

earlier post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#47 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

mentions recent report that the bubble/burst economic mess shrank US family wealth to 1992 levels

and this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

mentions recent report that the bubble/burst economic mess has household "wealth" now lower than 1989 (possibly lower than 1983, but measurement methodology changed so can't be sure).

note the previous quoted comment about "the biggest banks in the country would be declared insolvent" ... isn't likely

so the states&federal gov. continue to savage the victims of fraudulent mortgages to the benefit of the too-big-to-fail.

this has the four largest too-big-to-fail carrying aggregate of $5.2T in toxic assets "off-book" at the end of 2008 ... if they had been required to bring those assets back onto the books, they would have been declared insolvent then
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

TARP appropriation supposedly was to purchase these toxic assets ... but with only $700B, they obviously didn't know the magnitude of the problem (aka much larger than just the $5.2T held by the four largest too-big-to-fail) and so they had to find something else for the $700B. There was a total of $27T in those instruments doing during the bubble/burst economic mess:
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

The fall of 2008, some tens of billions of these toxic assets had gone for 22cents on the dollar ... so correct accounting would have had the four too-big-to-fail with a loss of a little over $4T dollars (makes the $2B-$4B that they are quibbling about currently seem like chump change ... possibly even misdirection away from what is really going on, lots of new on that and little or nothing about the mortgage fraud victims)

In any case, federal reserve steps in behind the scenes and does a whole bunch of stuff ... including buying toxic assets for 98cents on the dollar (even though its only worth 22cents). FOIA is used to go after what is going on and federal reserve fights it in court for year:

$10T as of 2010 efforts to clean up the mess
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
$30T as of end 2011 (by one accounting)
http://www.ritholtz.com/blog/2011/12/bailout-total-29-616-trillion-dollars/
with all of the above, there is little more that they appear able to do
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/geithner-bernanke-have-little-in-arsenal-to-fight-new-crisis/2011/08/12/gIQAFuFvFJ_story.html

so it is little wonder that feds were trying to force states to go along with a trivial $25B settlement

also with the government leaning over backwards to keep the too-big-to-fail in business, they won't let a little thing like money laundering get in the way ... some past references mentioning too-big-to-jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#24 Little-Noted, Prepaid Rules Would Cover Non-Banks As Wells As Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#58 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#50 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#49 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#16 Wonder if they know how Boydian they are?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#35 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#37 The $30 billion Social Security hack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#9 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 19 June, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

I would claim that at least some of cloud originated with cluster scaleup ... mentioned in this early Jan92 meeting in ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
and this old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

then as noted in these recent threads/posts ... within a month it was transferred and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... and announced for scientific/numeric-intensive ONLY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#3 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#5 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#7 .
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#9 .

which become much of the motivation to leave. later we are called in to consult with small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server (two of the other people mentioned in the early '92 Ellison meeting had also left their positions and were now at the small client/server startup responsible for something called the e-commerce server). The client/server startup also had invented something they called "SSL" which they wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

The small client/server startup was running some number of webservers on SUN servers ... that weren't scaling well and they kept adding more and more servers. This was a common problem in the valley at the time. The issue was that nearly all the platforms used a TCP/IP implementation that had a linear FINWAIT list (that did linear scan on each session close). TCP implementations had assumed long lasting sessions with very few entries ever at one time on FINWAIT list. HTTP protocol abused TCP sessions with supposedly stateless transactions ... sessions that were shorter than FINWAIT timeout ... as a result FINWAIT lists were growing to thousands of entries and consuming 90-95% of webserver processor time. Finally the small client/server startup brought in a multiprocessor SEQUENT box, SEQUENT had earlier solved the FINWAIT problem because of their commercial installations where there might be 20,000 concurrent TCP sessions (and long FINWAIT lists). It looked like load that was growing from 20 to 30 SUN servers now was handled by a single SEQUENT box. Within another six months, almost all platform TCP/IP implementations had *fixed* their FINWAIT implementation.

Trivia ... following generation SEQUENT multiprocessor box is NUMA-Q (256 intel 486 processors) ... and IBM eventually buys SEQUENT.

The scientific/numeric-intensive cluster scaleup were making the rack "pancakes" thinner and thinner as component size shrank. At some point, somebody had bright idea to rotate the components 90degrees and started calling them *blades* with ever increasing number of blades packed into a rack.

Possibly because the varous vendors in this market were looking to expand to other than univ. and national labs ... cluster scaleup morphed into *GRID* computing ... and they started to be marketed to places like financial industry. Lots of same hardware is now being rebranded *CLOUD* computing

If IBM blade base price is $3.15/$560,000 = .0000056 per BIP that of fully configured 80 processor z196, then the large cloud vendors may be building blades for 1/3rd that cost. With that sort of enormous cost reduction for processing in those mega-datacenter (with hundreds of thousands of systems, millions of cores) ... other environmental factors, like power&cooling start to become ever increasing part of total aggregate cost of operation. Coupled with over-provisioning for "on-demand" elastic computing, it is major driving factor in modern server chips shutting down electrical use when not actual processing.

I've drawn analogy to gimicks that were done by CP67 to get the cpu meter to coast to a stop (when things were idle) ... back in the days of leased computing and mainframe billing was done based on the cpu meter.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Think You Know The Mainframe?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 19 June, 2012
Subject: Think You Know The Mainframe?
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#4 Think You Know The Mainframe?

more from "IBMers" tracing seeds of going into the red back to failure of FS

The trend that Boyd referenced about downturn in US corporate culture (because of influence of military rigid, top-down command&control) was accelerated in IBM in the mid-70s after the failure of FS effort ... reference Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... snip ...

another quote from the book:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

some more FS lore:

Discussion of old FS evaluation
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
FS description and discussion
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html
IBM discussion with some FS
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718153549/http://www.ecole.org/Crisis_and_change_1995_1.htm
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07
IBM Future Systems project (wiki)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Future_Systems_project
A review of Broken Promises An unconventional view of what went wrong at IBM
http://gdrean.perso.sfr.fr/papers/promises.html

the last item continues up into Gerstner's period

One of the issues is that current generation of x86 chips are all risc processor with hardware layer that translates x86 instructions into risc micro-ops ... that goes a long ways towards eliminating the past traditional performance difference between x86 processors and high-end risc processors.

As a result, IBM has base price listing of $1815 for a E5-2600 blade which has processing rating of 527BIPS compared to $28M for a fully configured 80 processor z196 with a processing rating of 50BIPS ... aka a single ($1815) E5-2600 blade is approx. processing power of eleven fully configured, maxed out 80 processor z196 systems (which would run approx. $323M) ... pull a freight train with a $1815 E5-2600 blade or $323M eleven z196 systems?

Cloud computing mega-datacenters are provisioning with hundreds of thousands of such systems for on-demand computing ... but would take millions of z196s to provide the same processing power

and this is a thread over in "Mainframe Experts" regarding mainframe & cloud
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A

And this is thread in "MainframeZone" that includes discussion of the top TPC-C configurations
http://lnkd.in/P2J8fg

it references
http://www.tpc.org/tpcc/results/tpcc_perf_results.asp

current tpmC is 30,249,688 at $1.01/TPC-C. Some calculations are a maxed out, fully configured z196 could do no better than about 7.5m tpmC ... but would also be enormously more expensive.

Well I worked with Jim Gray on System/R ... original relational/sql RDBMS ...and then tech transfer from research to Endicott for SQL/DS ... before technology transfer to STL for DB2.

Jim left research ... and subsequent years was one of the primary people behind TPC ... starting with TPC-A
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp

numbers posted upthread are for TPC-C sort of several generations later effort to be more representative. One of TPC objective is for standard methodology for comparing different platforms ... with TPC-C just being one kind of comparison benchmark/methodology.
http://www.tpc.org/

BIPS is another comparison methodology.

Price/performance is another comparison methodology.

The issue is having as accurate information as possible when making statements regarding comparisons between different environments. In the past IBM marketing has had a reputation for FUD, obfuscation and misdirection.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 09:05:17
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
note the referenced article also makes quotes somebody as saying Commercial Credit was loan-shark operation

Senators Grovel, Embarrass Themselves at Dimon Hearing
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/senators-grovel-embarrass-themselves-at-dimon-hearing-20120615


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#79 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Math, leverage and risk
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF20Dj03.html

from above:
Benoit Mandelbrot, in his 2004 The Misbehavior of Markets, had pointed them out with mathematical elegance we could not hope to match (Mandelbrot had pointed out flaws in the emerging underlying theory as early as 1962).

... snip ...

older article saying samething similar, slightly differently:
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/

JPM with $70T gambling with $136B in risk based capital is leveraged 516 times:
http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/derivatives/bank_exposure.html

other recent posts mentioning JPM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#9 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#14 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#48 Owl: China Swamps US Across the Board -- Made in China Computer Chips Have Back Doors, 45 Other "Ways & Means" Sucking Blood from US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#61 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#83 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#87 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#5 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#82 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards past posts mentioning the "How Wall Street Lied to Its Computers" article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#49 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#52 Technology and the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#53 Your thoughts on the following comprehensive bailout plan please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#56 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#65 Whether, in our financial crisis, the prize for being the biggest liar is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#69 Another quiet week in finance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#72 Why was Sarbanes-Oxley not good enough to sent alarms to the regulators about the situation arising today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#78 Isn't it the Federal Reserve role to oversee the banking system??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#80 Why did Sox not prevent this financal crises?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#82 Fraud in financial institution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#15 Financial Crisis - the result of uncontrolled Innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#19 What's your view of current global financial / economical situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#26 SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), is this really followed and worthful considering current Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#28 Does anyone get the idea that those responsible for containing this finanical crisis are doing too much?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#34 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#75 In light of the recent financial crisis, did Sarbanes-Oxley fail to work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#82 Greenspan testimony and securization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#83 Chip-and-pin card reader supply-chain subversion 'has netted millions from British shoppers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#8 Global Melt Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#70 Is there any technology that we are severely lacking in the Financial industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#49 Have not the following principles been practically disproven, once and for all, by the current global financial meltdown?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#50 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#58 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#64 Is This a Different Kind of Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#8 Top financial firms of US are eyeing on bailout. It implies to me that their "Risk Management Department's" assessment was way below expectations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#9 Blind-sided, again. Why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#23 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#29 Let IT run the company!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#35 Is American capitalism and greed to blame for our financial troubles in the US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#55 Is this the story behind the crunchy credit stuff?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#62 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#14 What are the challenges in risk analytics post financial crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#63 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#80 Are reckless risks a natural fallout of "excessive" executive compensation ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#36 A great article was posted in another BI group: "To H*** with Business Intelligence: 40 Percent of Execs Trust Gut"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#53 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#54 In your opinion, which facts caused the global crise situation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#65 What can agencies such as the SEC do to insure us that something like Madoff's Ponzi scheme will never happen again?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#4 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#30 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#36 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#40 Bernanke Says Regulators Must Protect Against Systemic Risks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#59 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#8 The background reasons of Credit Crunch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#1 Future of Financial Mathematics?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#31 OODA-loop obfuscation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#29 Analysing risk, especially credit risk in Banks, which was a major reason for the current crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#38 what is mortgage-backed securities?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#21 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#40 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#66 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#75 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#42 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#69 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#67 How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#63 One maths formula and the financial crash

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 20 June, 2012
Subject: Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft; Automated attack bypasses two-factor authentication
http://www.darkreading.com/authentication/167901072/security/attacks-breaches/240002267/zeus-spyeye-automatic-transfer-module-masks-online-banking-theft

from above:
A newly discovered online banking fraud tool cheats two-factor authentication, automates the attack, and hides out so that victims can't see losses or traces of the theft until long after the money is gone.

... snip ...

a few more refs:

Cyber crooks evading advanced bank security to transfer funds - SC Magazine
http://www.scmagazine.com/cyber-crooks-evading-advanced-bank-security-to-transfer-funds/article/246227/
Exclusive: Online bank-theft software grows more sophisticated
http://news.yahoo.com/exclusive-online-bank-theft-software-grows-more-sophisticated-080445057--sector.html
Online bank-theft software grows more sophisticated
http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/breaking/chi-online-banktheft-software-grows-more-sophisticated-20120618,0,278609.story
Fake Android antivirus app likely linked to Zeus banking Trojan, researchers say; Cybercriminals are distributing a mobile component of the Zeus banking Trojan as an Android security application, Kaspersky experts said
http://www.networkworld.com/news/2012/061912-fake-android-antivirus-app-likely-260331.html

mid-90s, industry conferences would have presentations by consumer dial-up online banking operations about why they were moving to internet; in large part the expense of supporting proprietary dial-up operations and customer support issues with serial-port modems ... which effectively are offloaded to the customers' ISP. However, the commercial/business dialup online banking/cash-management operations claimed that they would *NEVER* move to the internet ... for a long list of security&exploit reasons ... all of which have been seen in the period since then. More recent, there have been various recommendations for businesses to have a dedicated PC that is *NEVER* used for anything else but online banking ... as a countermeasure to many of the exploits (and semi-partial simulation of days of dialup online banking before the internet).

also

Bank settles with hacked customer over ACH fraud
http://www.finextra.com/news/Fullstory.aspx?newsitemid=23824

One of the issues is the standard desktop platform evolved from stand-alone environment that needed no protection and countermeasures against attacks (and in fact, for a large number of apps it became the convention to take over control of the whole machine). Later, local area network support for small private business networks was added ... and in fact a paradigm was developed that added automatic executable scripts to data files flowing on this small private networks (but still no countermeasures against exploits and attacks). At the jan96 MSDF at moscone all the banners were about moving to the internet ... but the constant theme in all the sessions were about "protect your investment" ... aka the paradigm for automatic execution of scripts in embedded data files would be preserved. I've periodically made the analogy of retargeting the safe, closed, private local lan support to the wild anarchy of the internet, to shoving somebody out an airlock in open space w/o a spacesuit.

After market countermeasures was to search all incoming files for tell-tale patterns of known attacks. However, this created an ever spiraling race between attackers trivially modifying the signatures and the rapidly growing library of known attack signatures (well into the high tens of thousands at the moment). The issue is fighting the war in this manner gives every advantage to the attackers, the cost for attackers to change a pattern is negligible ... the cost to change signature library is enormous and eventually becomes unmanageable. A trivial analogy is being in a valley with no cover, surrounded on all sides by the enemy holding the high ground.

one of the issues (at least since moving from dialup to internet) has been whether banks would take responsibility for fraudulent transaction on commercial/business accounts

Banks will take responsibility for online fraud
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001379.html

Lessons From Fraud Settlement; Experts Analyze Implications of ACH Fraud Case Outcome
http://www.bankinfosecurity.com/lessons-from-fraud-settlement-a-4877?rf=2012-06-20-eb

misc. past posts mentioning dial-up banking and moving to internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#35 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#61 German court finds Bank responsible for malwared PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#2 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#61 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#64 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#9 Cyber crooks increasingly target small business accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#68 Definition of a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#70 Client Certificate UI for Chrome?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#73 Definition of a computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#3 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#18 security and online banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#21 security and online banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#72 Users still make hacking easy with weak passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#79 Customers risk online banking fraud by reusing bank credentials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#86 NY Town's Bank Account Hacked; Poughkeepsie Loses $378K in Fraudulent Transfers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#30 Michigan firm sues bank over theft of $560,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#6 Online Banking & Password Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#92 Why do most websites use HTTPS only while logging you in...and not for the entire session?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#41 Monet, was Re: A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#38 U.K. bank hit by massive fraud from ZeuS-based botnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#82 Nearly $1,000,000 stolen electronically from the University of Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#87 Nearly $1,000,000 stolen electronically from the University of Virginia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#22 An online bank scam worthy of a spy novel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#48 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#4 1st round in Internet Account Fraud World Cup: Customer 0, Bank 1, Attacker 300,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#65 US Business Banking Cybercrime Wave: Is 'Commercially Reasonable' Reasonable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#40 Banks blocking more fraudulent money transfers from hijacked business accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#23 Benefits of Online Banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#38 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#40 ISBNs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#3 Banks Face Ongoing Cyber Threats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#54 Speed: Re: Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#56 Using Cross-Channel Fraud Detection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#52 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#61 Banking malware a growing threat, as new variant of Zeus is detected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#71 Password shortcomings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#24 ExplicitTacit

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interesting News Article

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:55:32
for the fun of it:

These Expensive Drones Are Actually The Most Accident-Prone Aircraft In The US Air Force
http://www.businessinsider.com/bloomberg-study-shows-drones-most-accident-prone-in-air-force-2012-6
Drones Most Accident-Prone U.S. Air Force Craft: BGOV Barometer
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-06-18/drones-most-accident-prone-u-s-air-force-craft-bgov-barometer.html

and USAF too expensive to fly

USAF aircraft are too expensive to fly
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2012/06/usaf-aircraft-are-too-expensive-to-fly.html

and although Boyd was in large part responsible for F15, F16, & F18, he would talk about fighter that was fraction of F16 costs, required much fewer maintenance hrs per flying hr and required lower maintenance skill level ... which appeared to match F20/Tigershark. misc. URLs from around the web and posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

and now for something completely different:

USAF slammed for pranging Predators on manual; 'Xbox flyer' sergeants + autopilots do better
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/04/29/young_usaf_predator_pilot_officer_slam/

past posts mentioning above:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#16 USAF officers slammed for pranging Predators on manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#42 Mission Control & Air Cooperation -- Part I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#64 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#8 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#50 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#0 Mainframe technology in 2011 and beyond; who is going to run these Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#52 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?

misc. past posts mentioning f20/tigershark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Jun 2012 09:37:02
John.McKown@HEALTHMARKETS.COM (McKown, John) writes:
Personally, I consider this list to be for almost anything having to do with zEnterprise (and its predecessors) topics. Granted, there may be more specific forums for some things, such as MVS-OE (z/OS UNIX), IBMTCP-L, Linux-390, z/VM, TSO REXX (who __do__ mean REXX in TSO, not REXX in general), CICS, DB2, IMS, and likely others of which I am not aware. IBM-MAIN is definitely __not__ "z/OS only". This despite the fact that most readers are z/OS, and perhaps some z/VSE.

as an aside ... IBM-MAIN mailing list originated on BITNET(/EARN) which was almost all vm370 systems ... using technology similar to that of the corporate internal network ... which also was almost all vm370 systems.

currently the IBM-MAIN mailing list is also gatewayed to ("USENET") newsgroups ... although posts to newsgroups don't travel in the other direction. Some of the other mailing lists that originated on BITNET have at various times been also gatewayed to newsgroups ... like z/VM ... but gateway isn't currently active.

BITNET
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

the early LISTSERV mailing list software for bitnet was similar to the TOOLSRUN that had been earlier developed for the internal network ... but TOOSLRUN also supported USENET newsgroup like function ... in addition to mailing lists ... this has BITNET migrating to the 1986 Paris-developed LISTSERV in 1987
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV

misc. past posts mentioning BITNET (and/or EARN in europe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

old email from person tasked with creating EARN:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

misc. past posts mentioning internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late 85 or early 86)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Officially sanctioned "discussion groups" and TOOLSRUN were somewhat the outcome of investigations into my activities.

Internal network was result of co-worker at the science center, reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

there is "typo" in the above about 1981 and ARPANET conversion to TCP/IP, 250 ARPANET nodes and 1000 vnet nodes. All that happened in 1983 (not 1981). Also, ARPANET nodes were "IMPs" (tightly controlled by the government and only number around 100 at the time of conversion). There were possibly 250 "hosts" at 1983 cut-over (connected to those IMPs). The requirement for tightly controlled IMPs is one of the contributing factors to the internal network growing faster than the arpanet/internet.

also from above:
In 1976, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Henricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton P. Cerf. From that point on, Vint and other DARPA scientists adopted Hendricks' connectionless approach. The result developed into the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

some number of people from MIT (IBM 7094) CTSS went to the 5th flr of 545 tech sq. for Multics & project MAC (including Jerry Saltzer) and others went to the science center on the 4th flr, did virtual machines, internal network, GML/SGML, bunch of other things. misc. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

RSCS/VNET had layered networking (as opposed to JES2/NJI) and could easily do drivers that talked to other systems (again as opposed to JES2/NJI). JES2/NJI for nearly the whole time had limitations on the maximum number of defined nodes ... which was less than the number of internal nodes for at least a couple decades ... coupled with attribute that JES2/NJI would trash traffic where either the origin and/or destination node wasn't defined in its local table. JES2/NJI also had characteristic that it tended to crash the host MVS system if traffic was exchanged between JES2/NJI systems at different release levels. For whatever reason, the RSCS/VNET discontinued shipping the native drivers and only shipped the JES2/NJI drivers (with RSCS/VNET) ... even though they continued to be used on the internal network because they were more efficient and had higher throughput. misc. past posts mentioning HASP, JES2, NJI, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IEBPTPCH questions

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: IEBPTPCH questions
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Jun 2012 10:58:34
shmuel+gen@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
Are you sure you mean 407 and not 709?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#12 IEBPTPCH

the operators said 407 ... I'm repeated story as told me. I was complaining about the 360 sitting idle for a couple hrs.

note that the 709 execution workload had been tape-to-tape, with 1401 tape<->unit-record front end ... and tapes manually moved from 1401 drives to 709 drives. nobody would have been observing the 709 status since job start/end activity tended to be continuous.

the 1401 ran front-end MPIO for tape<->unit-record. the univ. got a 360/30 to replace 1401 as part of transition to replacing both with 360/67 running tss/360 (possibly a couple dozen univ. got 360/67 for tss/360 ... which never quiet materialized ... many spent their life running os/360 as straight 360/65). the 360/30 started out mostly in 1401 hardware emulation mode. I got (first) student job to re-implement MPIO in 360/30 ... I guess it was part of univ. gaining 360 experience ... since it could have continued to run 1401 hardware emulation.

I got to design my own monitor, device drivers, storage management, interrupt handlers, error recovery, messaging, etc. It was eventually a box of (2000) cards ... with added assemble directive that would either assemble as stand-alone monitor or to run under os/360 with open/close, read/write & DCB macros. The stand-alone version took approx 30mins elapsed time to assemble on 360/30. The os/360 "version" took an hour to assemble ... the extra 30mins was elapsed time it took expanding DCB macros.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Invention of Email

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Invention of Email
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 14:26:21
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#49 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#51 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#55 The Invention of Email

this talks about email ... but not origin of the word "email"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Email

I have email here from 73&75
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html

i had a bunch of stuff from csc & univ days archived on replicated tapes (that in the mid-80s were all) in the almaden tape library. Melinda ask for some stuff about the original CMS multi-level source update procedures ... originally done on CP67 ... which i was able to retrieve from the tape archive. unfortunately not long later, almaden had some operational troubles and were mounting random tapes as "scratch" ... on my replicated archives were among the tapes destroyed. as a result i have little remaining predating 1977. old email exchange with Melinda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850906
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850908

in this post with discussion of almaden datacenter mounting assigned tapes as scratch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#42

with regard to MCImail being gatewayed to NSFNET in the late 80s mentioned in the wiki article ... this is reference to the internal network being gatewayed to csnet (nsfnet precursor) in 1982
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#email821022
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#0
also here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#59
and here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#37a

other recent posts mentioning NSFNET backbone:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#3 Why Didn't the Internet Take Off In 1983?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#11 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#12 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#19 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#47 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#54 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#89 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#18 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#23 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#39 Van Jacobson Denies Averting 1980s Internet Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#49 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#57 VM Workshop 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#65 What are your experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT but important Wall Street Journal article on Internet regulation

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: OT but important Wall Street Journal article on Internet regulation
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Jun 2012 11:44:23
shmuel+gen@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
That must come as a surprise to Tim Berners-Lee. Perhaps Crovitz meant founders of the Internet.

a little x-over ... there has been thread in a.f.c. about the inventor of email ... recent item referring to cerf
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#22
referenced in this email wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Email

and cerf also mentioned in this recent ibm-main post (with regard to "invention" of internet):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#20

this reference mentions Berners-Lee morphing SGML into HTML at CERN
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/

GML was invented at the science center in 1969 and decade later morphs into ISO standard SGML ... before morphing into HTML after another decade ... and first webserver outside europe is the slac vm370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Interesting News Article

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 16:37:56
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Or you can do it the way Canada's government is handling the F-35: understate the costs by 50%.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article

recently was in email exchange with somebody that lives in Canada and I happen to mention that the (same) blog
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/
contains a whole lot on F35
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/p/f-35-reading-list.html
including some on canada's activity
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/search/label/Canada

and they insisted on forwarding the blog URL and several specific references to "STEPHEN HARPER AT THE OTTAWA LEGISLATURE" just checked for wiki entry
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Harper

my understanding they continuing to send references to Ottawa.

blog not limited to canada and/or f35
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/p/australian-defence-reading-list.html

other recent posts mentioning f35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#42 Drones now account for one third of U.S. warplanes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#0 Happy Challenger Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#13 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#68 'Gutting' Our Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#85 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

the issue about understating costs isn't limited to canada, this goes into some detail that it has been institutionalized and now expected standard business practice in MICC:
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/pentagon-labyrinth.html
and
http://dnipogo.org/labyrinth/
and
http://www.chaliventures.com/Links_to_Reports/Links_to_Idisk_files/Pentagon%20Labyrinth%20Ebook.pdf

I've referenced before that Chuck worked closely with Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#17 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#21 The Age of Unsatisfying Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#24 Baby Boomer Guys -- Do you look old? Part II
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#63 Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#68 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 21 June, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

Note that late 60s, cp67 (later morphing into vm370) online time-sharing service was dial-up, on-demand. In much like visicalc (spreadsheets) became the killer-app for personal computers, the two first virtual machine online time-sharing services quickly moved up the value chain to specializing in online financial data ... in addition to general on-demand services (like 100yrs of closing quotes for all listed stocks on NYSE). Security became an increasing issue as mainstream wallstreet financial firms ... in competition with each other ... were using the same systems.

Another virtual machine on-demand time-sharing service started offering their computer conferencing service to SHARE free as VMSHARE in Aug1976. VMSHARE archive here
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

I would see the staff regularly at monthly mainframe user group BAYBUNCH meetings (held at SLAC) and other times. One of the anecdotes from the period was when they informed their CEO that clients were using the service to play online games ... and in response the CEO directed all games to be removed from the system ... since theirs was a business operation. He changed his mind when they told him, 30% of charges were coming from people playing games.

Earlier issues to address large use variation was hacking cp67 so that it minimized operators and other support ... so it could be run unattended offshift (reducing on-demand and variation in use costs) ... as well as getting the cpu meter to stop when things were idle. machines were leased and charges were based on cpu meter reading; the cpu meter meter would run whenever the cpu and/or any channel was operating ... and all had to be completely idle for at least 400mills for the cpu meter to stop. A comparison with the POK favorite son (batch) operating system ... was it had a internal timer-driven operation that woke up every 400mills (continued well after machines had switched from leased to purchased and cpu meter no longer was a consideration; however possible for legacy reasons, it may still persist).

Also work by the major virtual machine online on-demand service bureaus ... was they also hacked the software for loosely-coupled, single-system-image load-balancing and transparent process migration. Issue was with 7x24 non-stop operation, mainframe components still needed to be periodically taken offline for hardware maintenance. They could transparently & non-disruptively migrate users between processors ... so that machines could be taken offline for their scheduled maintenance (decades before such capability was seen in mainline products).

misc. past posts mentioning commercial virtual-machine, online, on-demand service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

The future of cloud computing: 9 trends for 2012
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/the-future-of-cloud-computing-9-trends-for-2012/80511

Long live SOA in the cloud era; You might not hear much about SOA anymore, but its imperative to make 'everything a service' is more relevant than ever
http://www.infoworld.com/t/application-development/long-live-soa-in-the-cloud-era-196053

For the fun of it ... a post just now in "Greater IBM" (employees & alumni), "closed group" ... but post also archived at
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#26

which talks about some of the internal politics in turning out products.

Related to some of the topic was early in the SNA days (attempting to meet FS objectives ... but continued after FS was killed), my wife was co-author of AWP39 "Peer-to-Peer Networking" architecture (in contrast to SNA which was designed to handle large number of dumb terminals and lacked any sort of "network" layer). She was then con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of loosely-coupled architecture (mainframe for "cluster") where she did Peer-coupled shared data architecture. However, she was in constant battles with the communication group attempting to force her into using SNA for loosely-coupled operation. There was also little uptake at the time (until SYSPLEX, there was only IMS hot-stanby). A combination that contributed to her not staying very long in the position.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

This is recent discussion in the ibm-main mailing list about doing (power) non-mainframe cluster for both commercial & scientific/numeric-intensive .... (can do real networking and no longer have do battles with mainframe communication group trying to force use of VTAM/SNA):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78

Cluster scaleup is transferred, we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors, and a couple weeks later is announced for scientific/numeric-intensive ONLY. It also motivates us to leave ... as repeated upthread in this discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15

now one of the things done for work on what is now frequently called "electronic commerce" is something called a "payment gateway" ... sits between the internet and the financial networks and handles payment transactions. We've periodically referred to it as the original SOA. One of the objectives was have unlimited scaling ...

note that backend payment processing has been somewhat "on-demand" for decades (there is factor of at least 50-100 between peak transaction rates and off-peak transaction rates). Old post about doing some performance optimization on a 450K statement Cobol application that ran on a cloud of 40+ maxed out, fully configured mainframe CECs (approx. $30M per, to help handle peak load).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#24

total aside, the operation claimed to constantly upgrading their ibm mainframes to max. possible machine available and at the time no machine was older than 18months. at approx. 45*30 that particular operation would be $1.35B or annualized possibly $900M. Recent IBM financial references says that IBM mainframe is now doing approx. $5B/annum ... so that operation wasn't an insignificant percent of all IBM mainframe business.

And for some unlikely mainframe trivia, Gerstner was heir apparent at the business which owned the backend payment operation ... then about the same time in the early 90s; Gerstner was hired away by KKR to turn around RJR (before IBM board hired him away to resurrect IBM) and the business spun off this operation in an IPO (it was the largest IPO that had been done up until that point).

Earlier Gerstner had won out to be the next CEO over Sandy Weill, Sandy leaves and went on to take over a number of businesses which eventually includes CITI; that takeover was in violation of Glass-Steagall ... but Greenspan gives Sandy an exemption while Sandy lobbies congress for repeal Glass-Steagall and pave the way for too-big-to-fail. In Sandy's loss to be next CEO (to Gerstner) and subsequent departure, Sandy's protege (Jamie Dimon), leaves with him ... and subsequently goes on to be head of JPM/Chase

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 21 June, 2012
Subject: Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
Blog: Greater IBM
Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
http://www.forbes.com/sites/ericjackson/2011/12/14/top-ten-reasons-why-large-companies-fail-to-keep-their-best-talent/

While Watson talked about needing wild duck employees ... and after the FS fiasco ... the comment changed to wild ducks being tolerated ... so long as they fly in formation ... the 100th century celebration video for "wild ducks" didn't mention employees ... but referred to customers (subtle redirection). Quotes from Ferguson&Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

...

some online references

http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm .
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/fs.html .
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718153549/http://www.ecole.org/Crisis_and_change_1995_1.htm
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Future_Systems_project .
http://gdrean.perso.sfr.fr/papers/promises.html .

also lots of my past posts on the subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

motivation was countermeasure to clone controllers have a completely new system ... totally different from & replacing 360/370 ... with such tight integration between processor and controllers that OEM would have hard time competing. During FS lots of 370 projects were killed and/or suspended. The lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processors a market foothold. When FS finally was canceled there was a mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline. 303x and 3081 were quick&dirty efforts kicked off in parallel. The integrated channel microcode from 370/158 was used to create the "channel director" ... a 3031 was two 370/158s engines ... one with just the 370 microcode and one with just the integrated channel microcode. A 3032 was a 370/168 with new covers and configured to use a channel director. A 3033 started out being the 168 logic remapped to 20% faster chips (from FS). The 3081 was an FS machine just running the 370 simulator ... however, there was an enormous number of circuits in the 3081 FS machine so the manufacturing costs for 3081 was significantly higher than clone competitors (see the Sowa article for much more detailed discussion). As soon as the 3033 was out the door, those engineers started on doing a "real" 370 machine ... the 3090 ... but it was a decade after FS failure before it out the door.

During the FS period, I would periodically ridicule their technical efforts ... which turned out not to exactly have been a good career enhancing activity (which I have may have repeated a number of times during my career). In my departing executive exit interview ... there was a comment that "they" could have forgiven me for being wrong, but "they" were never going to forgive me for being right.

oops, the ecole.org URL was good as of a couple days ago ... but when I went to verify just now ... it claims to have gone 404 ... however the wayback machine to the rescue where it still lives:
http://web.archive.org/web/20110718153549/http://www.ecole.org/Crisis_and_change_1995_1.htm
http://www.ecole.org/en/seances/CM07

Besides periodically ridiculing F/S efforts, I would also claim what I already had running (on 370) was better ... and one of my hobbies was producing and supporting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... including places like HONE (eventually growing into world-wide sales&marketing support with clones of HONE operation sprouting up all over the world). When EMEA hdqtrs was moved from NY to Paris ... I was asked to go over for a HONE-clone install at La Defense. misc. past posts mentioning HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 21 Jun 2012 10:31:01
ronmacrae@HOTMAIL.CO.UK (Ron MacRae) writes:
I'd already subscribed to this as an RSS feed in Google reader. That's my prefered method of seeing all the detail when I want to rather than getting interrupted by emails all the time. I use the same process for IBM-MAIN and several other groups/lists I follow.

However according to Google reader the last update for this list was october 2011. I assumed it was an inactive list. From logging on to the actual server I can see that it is a very active list. I guess Google has dropped IBMVM.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#20 Vm & Zlinux VSWITCH question

Google gets its feed from usenet newsgroup ... these show up in the bit.listserv "hierarchy" (reflect their bitnet ancestry) ... so the mailing list has to have an active gateway to usenet newsgroup (like ibm-main currently), however the ibmvm mailing list gateway to usenet hasn't been active for some time.

note that mailing lists also have a digest mode ... posts are collected into single email digest and usually distributed once a day (usually in the middle of the night ... at least if you are continental US).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 22 June, 2012
Subject: Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#26 Top Ten Reasons Why Large Companies Fail To Keep Their Best Talent

In similar vein, late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at the annual, internal, world-wide communication group conference. He opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The scenario was that the communication group had a stranglehold on the datacenter (had corporate strategic ownership for everything that crossed the datacenter wall) and were attempting to preserve their dumb-terminal/terminal-emulation install base (fighting off client/server and distributed computing). The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms (in downturn in disk sales). The disk division had come up with a number of products to reverse the process and allow mainframes to play effectively in the distributed computing environment ... but the products were constantly being vetoed (as a threat) by the communication group. The 2nd statement he got out was that he would be happy if everybody in the audience would write a letter to the CEO complaining about what he had just said. As has since been seen, his prophecy has come to pass.

another scenario was that in wake of FS failure (and sycophancy and make no waves), careers became seriously oriented towards "managing information up the chain". Disk development was doing stand-alone, single device at a time, around-the-clock, scheduled 7x24 testing They had once tried to install MVS and to enable multiple, concurrent, on-demand testing ... but MVS turned out to have 15min MTBF with just single device (hang/crash requiring reboot). I offered to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet-proof and never fail so they could do anytime, on-demand concurrent testing ... greatly improving development productivity. Later I wrote an (internal) report on what was done and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF. This turned out to somehow violate the information being "managed up" ... and brought down the wrath of the MVS group on my head (I was told that there would never, ever be any recognition/promotion/etc that required corporate concurrence).

Concurrent with 3033, I was involved in a 16-way 370 SMP effort and co-opted some of the 3033 engineers to work on it in their spare time (a lot more interesting than the mapping of 168 logic to faster chips). At first things were going well in POK ... but then somebody told the head of POK that it might be decades before the POK favorite son operating system would have 16-way SMP support. The 3033 engineers were then told to focus totally on the 3033 and never get distracted again ... and some of us were invited to never set foot in POK again.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 22 Jun 2012 21:19:40
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Senators Grovel, Embarrass Themselves at Dimon Hearing
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/senators-grovel-embarrass-themselves-at-dimon-hearing-20120615


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#79 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Senate won't touch Jamie Dimon
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF23Dj07.html

from above:
Interest rate swaps are now over 80% of the massive derivatives market, and JPMorgan holds about $57.5 trillion of them. Without the protective JPMorgan swaps, interest rates on US debt could follow those of Greece and climb to 30%.

... snip ...

modulo instead of fed giving free money to the too-big-to-fail to buy treasuries ... FED buys treasuries directly at zero percent interest. recent reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#40 Who Increased the Debt?

also from above:
Olagues also notes that JPMorgan received an additional $25 billion in TARP payments from the Treasury, which were evidently paid off by borrowing from the NY Fed at a very low 0.5%; and that JPM executives received some very large and highly suspicious bonuses called Stock Appreciation Rights and Restricted Stock Units (complicated variants of employee stock options and restricted stock). In 2009, these bonuses were granted on the day JPMorgan stock reached its lowest value in five years

... snip ...

mention the change from calling them performance bonus to retention bonus:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#47 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

some more:
They point to evidence that the JPM losses are not just $3 billion but $30 billion or more, and that JPM is actually bankrupt.

... snip ...

JPM at $70T in derivatives
http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/derivatives/bank_exposure.html

recent posts mentioning four largest too-big-to-fail holding $5.2T in toxic assets "off-book" ... bringing back "on-book" would be enough to have them all declared insolvent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#45 Fannie, Freddie Charge Taxpayers For Legal Bills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#52 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#55 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#5 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#40 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#42 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#69 Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#75 Fed Report: Mortgage Mess NOT an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#28 REPEAL OF GLASS-STEAGALL DID NOT CAUSE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS - WHAT DO YOU THINK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#70 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#26 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Senate proposes national data breach notification act

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 23 June, 2012
Subject: US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/Cuzh3ZZaaFN

US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2012/06/23/us-senate-proposes-national-data-breach-notification-act/

Cal. data breach was the original legislation and we were somewhat tangentially involved, having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature act. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

several of the participants were involved in privacy issues and had done extensive surveys. the #1 issue was identity theft, primarily the form involving account fraud (fraudulent financial transactions) primarily as result of data breaches. There seemed to be little or nothing being done about the problem and there was some hope that the publicity from the notifications would motivate countermeasures. The issue was security measures are usually taken for self-protection, the problem was that those with the data breaches had little at risk ... it was their clients/customers that were suffering the fraud ... and so they had no motivation to take corrective action. Since then the proposed federal legislation has been about evenly divided between requirements similar to the original cal. bill and those that eliminates most requirements for notifications (sometimes disguised by requiring that breach involve multiple different kinds of personal information that doesn't occur in the real world).

The same organizations were in the process of doing a Cal. "opt-in" privacy bill (institutions can only share personal information when authorized by individual). GLBA is better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall. However the rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA was to allow those with bank charters to keep them, but prevent anybody else from getting bank charters (eliminate competition). However, another provision in GLBA was "opt-out" privacy sharing (institutions can share personal information unless they have record of individual objecting; federal preemption of state laws). At 2004 annual privacy conference in DC during panel with FTC commissioners, an individual asked from the floor if the FTC was going to do anything about "opt-out". They said they were involved with most of the major financial call-centers and none of the "opt-out" call lines were equipped to record any information from "opt-out" calls.

misc. recent posts mentioning breach notifcation, GLBA, and/or opt-in/out-out privacy sharing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#0 Revolution Through Banking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#35 Israel vows to hit back after credit cards hacked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#31 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#5 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#49 Do you know where all your sensitive data is located?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#68 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#69 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#1 The Dallas Fed Is Calling For The Immediate Breakup Of Large Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#16 Wonder if they know how Boydian they are?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#17 Data theft: Hacktivists 'steal more than criminals'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#29 Visa, MasterCard warn of 'massive' security breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#41 Why Are the Fed and SEC Keeping Wall Street's Secrets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#79 What's the takeaway on Audit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#82 Fighting Cyber Crime with Transparency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#71 When Mobile Telecommunications Routes Become Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#75 Fed Report: Mortgage Mess NOT an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#28 REPEAL OF GLASS-STEAGALL DID NOT CAUSE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS - WHAT DO YOU THINK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#87 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#36 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Senate proposes national data breach notification act

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 23 June, 2012
Subject: US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/Cuzh3ZZaaFN
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#30 US Senate proposes national data breach notification act

The major motivation for cyberattacks and breaches is being able to use account info for fraudulent financial transactions. A problem is the business process is severely misaligned.

The value of the information to the merchant is profit on the transaction (possibly couple dollars; for transaction processor possibly a few cents). The value of the information to the crook is the account balance and/or credit limit. As a result the attackers may be able to outspend by a factor of 100 times (what the defenders can afford to spend).

Account information is also required in dozens of business processes at millions of locations on the planet. At the same time the threat of fraudulent transactions requires that the account information be kept confidential and never divulged. We've claimed that with the conflicting objectives, even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't be able to stop information leakage.

We had been brought in to consult with a small client/server startup in the early 90s that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; they had also invented some technology they called "SSL" that they had wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat as a result, in the mid-90s we were asked to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (aka *ALL*, face-to-face, unattended, electronic, internet, debit, credit, stored-value, ACH, brick&mortar, etc). One of the things that the resulting standard did was slightly tweak the paradigm so crooks could no longer use account information for fraudulent transactions (eliminated the threat of fraudulent transactions, which was the motivation for the majority of breaches).

one of the gimmicks in past bills was to only require breach notification when it involved large number of different kinds of personal information, something that occurs rarely or never in the real world, effectively eliminating any notification for almost all breaches
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2012/06/five-us-senators-propose-latest-data-breach-notification-bill/

strategy was anytime a bill equivalent to Cal's was introduced, an alternative bill that would effectively neuter any notification would be introduced

misc. past posts mentioning harvesting account data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#harvest

misc. past posts mentioning "naked transaction" metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#payments

misc. past posts mentioning shared-secret paradigm and account numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#secrets

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 23 June, 2012
Subject: Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#18 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft

also:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/Y6WGA8ssHMu

One of the issues is the standard desktop platform evolved from stand-alone environment that needed no protection and countermeasures against attacks (and in fact, for a large number of apps it became the convention to take over control of the whole machine). Later, local area network support for small private business networks was added ... and in fact a paradigm was developed that added automatic executable scripts to data files flowing on this small private networks (but still no countermeasures against exploits and attacks). At the jan96 MSDF at moscone all the banners were about moving to the internet ... but the constant theme in all the sessions were about "protect your investment" ... aka the paradigm for automatic execution of scripts in embedded data files would be preserved. I've periodically made the analogy of retargeting the safe, closed, private local lan support to the wild anarchy of the internet, to shoving somebody out an airlock in open space w/o a spacesuit.

After market countermeasures was to search all incoming files for tell-tale patterns of known attacks. However, this created an ever spiraling race between attackers trivially modifying the signatures and the rapidly growing library of known attack signatures (well into the high tens of thousands at the moment). The issue is fighting the war in this manner gives every advantage to the attackers, the cost for attackers to change a pattern is negligible ... the cost to change signature library is enormous and eventually becomes unmanageable. trivial analogy is being in a valley with no cover, being surrounding on all sides by the enemy holding the high ground.

one of the issues (at least since moving from dialup to internet) has been whether banks would take responsibility for fraudulent transaction on commercial/business accounts

Banks will take responsibility for online fraud
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001379.html

Lessons From Fraud Settlement; Experts Analyze Implications of ACH Fraud Case Outcome
http://www.bankinfosecurity.com/lessons-from-fraud-settlement-a-4877?rf=2012-06-20-eb

The analysis of this and numerous other kinds of financial fraud over the intenet was well understood in the 90s. In the late 90s, in the EU, the FINREAD standard was created as countermeasure to most of the vulnerabilities. It was a small, secure external box connected to the PC which contain authentication information for transactions. The authentication information wasn't available to any malware and/or virus running on the PC (so couldn't be stolen for fraudulent transactions elsewhere). The device had its own secure display ... giving true account of transaction to be authenticated (PC malware couldn't request authentication of fraudulent transaction while displaying a different one on the computer screen). Each transaction authentication required manual entry at the secure PIN-paid, also couldn't be spoofed by malware on the PC impersonating human keyboard entry and authorization).

About the time of the FINREAD devices were being readied for deployment there were some major consumer deployments of serial port cardreader devices for financial transactions. Unfortunately the institutional knowledge about customer support difficulties involving serial-port devices (from the days of serial-port modems and dialup banking) had been lost in a period of five years. The resulting problems created a rapidly spreading rumor in the financial industry that external financial devices were not practical in the consumer market ... which was sufficient to abort all financial industry efforts with any kind of PC addon device. However, the problem wasn't with PC addon devices ... it was operational problems with serial-port interface. In fact, the operational problems with serial-port interfaces was the major motivation for the development of USB.

misc. past posts mentioning FINREAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread

The financial industry retreating from addon devices, in the early part of the century motivated development of other approaches to "secure internet transaction" (not as comprehensive as FINREAD, but better than current situation). These initially saw high acceptance from the major internet merchants (accounting for possibly 80% of transactions at the time). Merchant industry had been indoctrinated for decades that interchange fees were proportional to fraud rate ... with internet transactions having some of the highest interchange fees. The major internet merchants were expecting "safe" products to drastically reduce their interchange fees (because of major reduction in fraud rates). The cognitive dissonance and all of the efforts falling apart came when the merchants were informed that there would be a surcharge for the "safe products" ... on top of the interchange rate they were already paying (instead of safe products reducing fraud resulting in lowering interchange fees, it would be surcharge on top of the highest fee already being charged).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Invention of Email

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Invention of Email
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 23 Jun 2012 11:04:44
D.J. <pongbill127@cableone.net> writes:
I thought that was for telegrams where there wasn't a Western Union office in smaller towns.

during ww2, mail was microfilmed (V-Mail) for transport overseas, saving transport space ... and then printed.
http://www.postalmuseum.si.edu/exhibits/2d2a_vmail.html

scan I did of back of V-Mail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/vmail.jpg

V-Mail back

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 23 June, 2012
Subject: Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/TwgcozMw1Uf

Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them
http://www.businessinsider.com/israel-has-a-long-list-of-problems-but-its-new-missile-defense-isnt-one-of-them-by-leandro-oliva-2012-6

At least it isn't the Success Of Failure culture

old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S

with references:
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/world/18missile.html?pagewanted=all
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Postol

and another recent Success Of Failure

How to blow $6 billion on a tech project; Military's 15-year quest for the perfect radio is a blueprint for failing big.
http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/06/how-to-blow-6-billion-on-a-tech-project/

misc. past posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#39 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#42 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#76 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#80 U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#86 Spontaneous conduction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#36 McCain calls for U.S.-led airstrikes in Syria
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#42 China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Is Already Doing A Whole Lot More Than Anyone Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#60 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#20 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#71 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#104 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#44 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#82 Defense budget casualties light on civilian side
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#89 FAA air traffic facility consolidation effort already late
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#21 The Age of Unsatisfying Wars

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Senate proposes national data breach notification act

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 24 Jun 2012 10:34:28
my original post that kicked off this particular thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#43 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s

another news article, computers, networks, cybersecurity, ecommerce

US Senate proposes national data breach notification act
http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2012/06/23/us-senate-proposes-national-data-breach-notification-act/

Cal. data breach was the original legislation and we were somewhat tangentially involved, having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature act. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

several of the participants were involved in privacy issues and had done extensive surveys. the #1 issue was identity theft, primarily the form involving account fraud (fraudulent financial transactions) primarily as result of data breaches. There seemed to be little or nothing being done about the problem and there was some hope that the publicity from the notifications would motivate countermeasures. The issue was security measures are usually taken for self-protection, the problem was that those with the data breaches had little at risk ... it was their clients/customers that were suffering the fraud ... and so they had no motivation to take corrective action. Since then the proposed federal legislation has been about evenly divided between requirements similar to the original cal. bill and those that eliminates most requirements for notifications (sometimes disguised by requiring that breach involve multiple different kinds of personal information that doesn't occur in the real world).

The same organizations were in the process of doing a Cal. opt-in privacy bill (institutions can only share personal information when authorized by individual). GLBA is better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall. However the rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA was to allow those with bank charters to keep them, but prevent anybody else from getting bank charters (eliminate competition). However, another provision in GLBA was opt-out privacy sharing (institutions can share personal information unless they have record of individual objecting; federal preemption of state laws). I was at 2004 annual privacy conference in DC and during panel with FTC commissioners, an individual asked from the floor if the FTC was going to do anything about opt-out. They said they were involved with most of the major financial call-centers and none of the opt-out call lines were equipped to record any information from opt-out calls.

The major motivation for cyberattacks and breaches is being able to use account info for fraudulent financial transactions. A problem is the business process is severely misaligned.

The value of the information to the merchant is profit on the transaction (possibly couple dollars; for transaction processor possibly a few cents). The value of the information to the crook is the account balance and/or credit limit. As a result the attackers may be able to outspend by a factor of 100 times (what the defenders can afford to spend).

Account information is also required in dozens of business processes at millions of locations on the planet (and therefor must be readily available). At the same time the threat of fraudulent transactions requires that the account information be kept confidential and never divulged. We've claimed that with the conflicting objectives, even if the planet was buried under miles of information hiding encryption, it still wouldn't be able to stop information leakage.

We had been brought in to consult with a small client/server startup in the early 90s that wanted to do payment transactions on their server; they had also invented some technology they called "SSL" that they had wanted to use; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". Somewhat as a result, in the mid-90s we were asked to participate in the x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (aka *ALL*, face-to-face, unattended, electronic, internet, debit, credit, stored-value, ACH, brick&mortar, etc). One of the things that the resulting standard did was slightly tweak the paradigm so crooks could no longer use account information for fraudulent transactions (eliminated the threat of fraudulent transactions, which was the motivation for the majority of breaches). some reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

one of the gimmicks in past bills was to only require breach notification only when it involved large number of different kinds of personal information, something that occurs rarely or never in the real world, effectively eliminating any notification for almost all breaches
http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2012/06/five-us-senators-propose-latest-data-breach-notification-bill/

strategy was anytime a bill equivalent to Cal's was introduced, an alternative bill that would effectively neuter any notification would be introduced

misc. past posts mentioning harvesting account data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#harvest

misc. past posts mentioning "naked transaction" metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#payments

misc. past posts mentioning shared-secret paradigm and account numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#secrets

other posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#68 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#75 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#76 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#77 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#81 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#82 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#83 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#84 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#2 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#3 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#5 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#8 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#24 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Invention of Email

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Invention of Email
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 24 Jun 2012 10:39:16
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#33 The Invention of Email

the V-Mail example at least establishes that there was earlier convention of condensing mail attribute to "first letter/dash" prefix (contraction of "electronic mail" to "e-mail" was previously established with at least the "v-mail" example)

past posts on subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#49 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#51 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#55 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#22 The Invention of Email

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 24 Jun 2012 16:28:26
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
Just running a modern web browser is enough to *require* those protection mechanisms, they run many processes (and/or threads) some of which run interpreted and/or semi-compiled programs from untrustworthy sources.

from recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#32 Zeus/SpyEye 'Automatic Transfer' Module Masks Online Banking Theft

One of the issues is the standard desktop platform evolved from stand-alone environment that needed no protection and countermeasures against attacks (and in fact, for a large number of apps it became the convention to take over control of the whole machine). Later, local area network support for small private business networks was added ... and in fact a paradigm was developed that added automatic executable scripts to data files flowing on this small private networks (but still no countermeasures against exploits and attacks). At the jan96 MSDF at moscone all the banners were about moving to the internet ... but the constant theme in all the sessions were about "protect your investment" ... aka the paradigm for automatic execution of scripts in embedded data files would be preserved. I've periodically made the analogy of retargeting the safe, closed, private local lan support to the wild anarchy of the internet, to shoving somebody out an airlock in open space w/o a spacesuit.

...

misc. past posts mentioning MSDF and "moving to the internet" ... while the constant subtheme was "protect your investment" (preserve the lack of protection paradigm for the wild anarchy of the internet):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#32 Frontiernet insists on being my firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#87 CompUSA to Close after Jan. 1st 2008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET

misc. other past posts mentioning internet wild anarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#26 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#24 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004i.html#16 New Method for Authenticated Public Key Exchange without Digital Ceritificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#21 Protocol stack - disadvantages (revision)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#30 Securing financial transactions a high priority for 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#48 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#15 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#16 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#13 What do ATMS and card readers use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#45 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#34 File sharing may lead to identity theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#37 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#28 Can Smart Cards Reduce Payments Fraud and Identity Theft?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#31 FC5 Special Workshop CFP: Emerging trends in Online Banking and Electronic Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#29 Computer Experts Deconstruct FDIC Email Scam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#66 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#80 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#9 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#93 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Did this 1985 film coin the phrase 'information superhighway' and predict Siri?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Did this 1985 film coin the phrase 'information superhighway' and predict Siri?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 24 Jun 2012 22:34:10
Did this 1985 film coin the phrase 'information superhighway' and predict Siri?
http://www.itworld.com/business/282014/did-1985-film-coin-phrase-information-superhighway-and-predict-siri

from above:
While Al Gore may not have "invented the Internet", he did claim to introduce the term "information superhighway" in a 1978 presentation to computer industry officials (at least according to Wikipedia). One of the first printed references to the phrase came from the Jan. 3, 1983, issue of Newsweek, in which it referenced "... information superhighways being built of fiber-optic cable will link Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. in a 776-mile system on the East Coast."

... snip ...

note: 1jan1983 was the cutover date to internetworking protocol ... some past posts related to subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

folklore is that early days of arpanet, boston carefully had something like none different "diverse routed" 56kbit links out of the Boston area.

over the years, w/o lots of attention, the telcos eventually consolidated all the diverse links over a single fiber-optic cable ... and then one day, a backhoe someplace in connecticut state cut the fiber-optic cable and boston area no longer had connection to the rest of the internet

my periodic reference ... tcp/ip is the technology basis for the modern internet, NSFNET backbone was the operational basis for the modern internet, and CIX was the business basis for the modern internet. misc. old email mentioning nsfnet backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Just a quick link to a video by the National Research Council of Canada made in 1971 on computer technology for filmmaking

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 25 June, 2012
Subject: Just a quick link to a video by the National Research Council of Canada made in 1971 on computer technology for filmmaking
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/5X-paa
and
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPIE_h8jf6E&feature=player_embedded#!

wiki mouse reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_Engelbart

from above:
Engelbart applied for a patent in 1967 and received it in 1970, for the wooden shell with two metal wheels (computer mouse - U.S. Patent 3,541,541), which he had developed with Bill English, his lead engineer, a few years earlier. In the patent application it is described as an "X-Y position indicator for a display system". Engelbart later revealed that it was nicknamed the "mouse" because the tail came out the end. His group also called the on-screen cursor a "bug", but this term was not widely adopted

... and ..
^ Engelbart, Douglas C.; et al (1968-12-09). "SRI-ARC. A technical session presentation at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco". NLS demo 68: The computer mouse debut, 11 film reels and 6 video tapes (100 min.) (Menlo Park (CA): Engelbart Collection, Stanford University Library).

... snip ...

mouse demo 1968 video
http://sloan.stanford.edu/mousesite/1968Demo.html

In the 80s, Doug was at TYMSHARE and they ran his augment system on their PDP10. TYMSHARE had (virtual machine) vm370 based timesharing service and made some number of enhancements ... including a (vm370/cms based) online computer conferencing system. In AUG76, they made the computer conferencing system for free to SHARE as VMSHARE ... vmshare archive
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I would see TYMSHARE people at the monthly baybunch meetings held at SLAC ... and other places.

When M/D bought TYMSHARE ... they were spinning off some number of thiings. TYMSHARE had also developed a capability-based 370 operating system called GNOSIS ... which would be spunoff as KeyKOS. I was brought in to audit GNOSIS as part of its spinoff (I still have manual in some box). I also setup some interviews for Doug with IBM in the San Jose area
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
and some GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
and
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html

from above:
The original version of this document was created using Augment, a hypertext system built by Doug Engelbart while at Tymshare. Augment, and its predecessor NLS (also by Engelbart), were the very first online hypertext systems. Unfortunately, the electronic original of this document has been lost. This text was rekeyed from a paper copy. I attempted to correct spelling errors in the original as I found them, so any typos you find in this version are probably my fault.

... snip ...

The above also mentions the SHARE LSRAD report ... which I got up on BITSAVER
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/share/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

GNOSIS & KeyKOS

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: GNOSIS & KeyKOS
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 25 Jun 2012 10:31:52
x-over from recent post in (linkedin) Old Geeks discussion:
http://lnkd.in/5X-paa

1971 video about computer technology for filmmaking
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPIE_h8jf6E&feature=player_embedded#!

and mention of computer mouse, I post reference to Engelbart and 1968 mouse demo video
http://sloan.stanford.edu/mousesite/1968Demo.html

and then I post:

In the 80s, Doug was at TYMSHARE and they ran his augment system on their PDP10. TYMSHARE had (virtual machine) vm370 based timesharing service and made some number of enhancements ... including a (vm370/cms based) online computer conferencing system. In AUG76, they made the computer conferencing system for free to SHARE as VMSHARE ... vmshare archive http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I would see TYMSHARE people at the monthly baybunch meetings held at SLAC ... and other places.

When M/D bought TYMSHARE ... they were spinning off some number of thiings. TYMSHARE had also developed a capability-based 370 operating system called GNOSIS ... which would be spunoff as KeyKOS. I was brought in to audit GNOSIS as part of its spinoff (I still have manual in some box). I also setup some interviews for Doug with IBM in the San Jose area
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
and some GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS and
http://cap-lore.com/CapTheory/upenn/Gnosis/Gnosis.html

from above:
The original version of this document was created using Augment, a hypertext system built by Doug Engelbart while at Tymshare. Augment, and its predecessor NLS (also by Engelbart), were the very first online hypertext systems. Unfortunately, the electronic original of this document has been lost. This text was rekeyed from a paper copy. I attempted to correct spelling errors in the original as I found them, so any typos you find in this version are probably my fault.

... snip ...

The above also mentions the SHARE LSRAD report ... which I got up on BITSAVER
http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/share/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 25 June, 2012
Subject: Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials
Blog: Facebook+
Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials
http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/lawmakers-reworked-financial-portfolios-after-talks-with-fed-treasury-officials/2012/06/24/gJQAnQPg0V_story.html?wpisrc=al_excl

The most corrupt institution on earth

That is where the appropriations are ... its like the age old question about why do bank robbers rob banks? On the other hand, recent reports about are that now the ROI on physically robbing banks is no where as good as other more modern means. during the S&L crisis, it was to buy a S&L and loot its assets. The president had earlier asked the S&L regulator to remove all oversight and he refused, that regulator was then asked to resign so somebody could be appointed that would comply:
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

One of the scenarios is all of congress is Kabuki Theater ... and differences are contrived to distract the public ... a variation on the roman circuses. One of the measures is the amount of money involved as say opposed to the number of fraudulent activities ... just the amounts related to loopholes in the 72,000+ page tax code.

Congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002, and afterwards one of the first acts was medicare part-D ... which has been described as a gift of trillions to the drug industry and comptroller general has described as long-term unfunded mandate amounting to $40T and swamping all other items. CBO has described that in the last decade, spending increased by $6T and tax revenues were decreased by $6T for a $12T budget gap (compared to baseline which had all federal debt retired by 2010).

Congress passed regulation making insider trading illegal ... but exempted members of congress from the regulation (it is illegal for everybody else ... but not members of congress). On the other hand, SEC is actually required to enforce insider trading regulations ... past decade most of the federal regulatory agencies could be described as three monkeys (see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil). Recently CBS 60mins had segment on auditors, federal reserve, and SEC had people sitting onsite at wallstreet firms watching as regulations were violated and did nothing.

Last decade, congress had eliminated a lot of wallstreet-related regulations ... but even for the ones that remained, the regulatory agencies were under heavy pressure to play three monkeys. For instance, in the wake of ENRON/Worldcom, congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley ... publicity was to prevent anything like Enron/Worldcom from occurring again (but required SEC enforcement). Apparently even GAO didn't think SEC was doing anything and started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings ... even showing uptic after SOX (so could be interpreted as more Kabuki Theater).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 25 Jun 2012 13:16:43
Renaissance <glucasole@tiscali.it> writes:
In my view, a system that provide complete hardware management that raises application from worries about the underliyng hardware, is enough for me to define it an operating system, beyond its protection features.

from old Success Of Failure threads ... beltway bandits have come to realize that a succesion of failures is more profitable than doing it right the first time ... it applies to nearly all fed. contracts ... but also to numerious dataprocessing modernization efforts over the past couple decades.

one of the failed dataprocessing modernization scenarios was the FAA ATC system in the late 80s & early 90s. The basic premise was that the underlying hardware & operating system would "mask" all failures ... and therefor the application developers had no need to consider and/or worry about failure scenarios. However, the philosiphy permeated so thoroughly that they failed to take into account various business process scenarios ... example was when aircraft is "handed-off" from one regional center to the next regional center ... and the nobody at the next regional center actually picked up the "handed off" aircraft.

past dataprocessing modernization threads:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#16 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#23 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#25 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#13 Cost of patching "unsustainable"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#14 Cost of patching "unsustainable"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#13 Cost of patching "unsustainable"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#49 "Perfect" or "Provable" security both crypto and non-crypto?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#37 [OT?] FBI Virtual Case File is even possible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005c.html#17 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#29 Using the Cache to Change the Width of Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#6 phishing web sites using self-signed certs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#37 X.509 and ssh
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#9 Pa Tpk spends $30 million for "Duet" system; but benefits are unknown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#17 SSL info
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#38 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies (Actually, Working under the table!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#18 Flying Was: Fission products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#23 Outsourcing loosing steam?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#43 Flying Was: Fission products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#6 The Return of Ada
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#41 IBM--disposition of clock business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#45 IBM--disposition of clock business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#29 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#62 IRS Mainframe Not Secure Enough
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#48 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#29 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#31 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#65 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#82 Oldest Instruction Set still in daily use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#37 More calumny: "Secret Service Uses 1980s Mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#54 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#38 On Protectionism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#25 US Housing Crisis Is Now Worse Than Great Depression
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#53 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#89 FAA air traffic facility consolidation effort already late

past posts mentioning Success Of Failure:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#41 U.S. house decommissions its last mainframe, saves $730,000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#19 STEM crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#38 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#18 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#5 Off-topic? When governments ask computers for an answer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#0 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#32 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#34 Congratulations, where was my invite?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#72 77,000 federal workers paid more than governors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#36 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#33 China Builds Fleet of Small Warships While U.S. Drifts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#48 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#8 The True Cost of 9/11 -- Includes 18 Veteran Suicides a Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#17 Washington's Cult of Continuous Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#30 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#34 Scotland, was Re: Solving the Floating-Point Goldilocks Problem!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#39 Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#7 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#66 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#142 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#145 What's Wrong With the US Defense R&D Budget?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#15 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#39 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#42 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#76 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#80 U.S. Cybersecurity Debate Risks Leaving Critical Infrastructure in the Dark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#86 Spontaneous conduction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#36 McCain calls for U.S.-led airstrikes in Syria
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#42 China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Is Already Doing A Whole Lot More Than Anyone Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#44 Faster, Better, Cheaper: Why Not Pick All Three?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#60 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#20 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#71 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#104 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#44 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#82 Defense budget casualties light on civilian side
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#89 FAA air traffic facility consolidation effort already late
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#21 The Age of Unsatisfying Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#34 Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Virtual address Memory Protection Unit

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Virtual address Memory Protection Unit
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Mon, 25 Jun 2012 13:58:02
MitchAlsup <MitchAlsup@aol.com> writes:
Another basic problem with capabilities is that it has been proven that they cannot provide the kind of security that they postulated they could provide. {Aside from making all current applications worthless.} Heck, even AS400 dropped the capabilities from System 38.

folklore is that S/38 is simplified flavor of Future System effort. FS included self-describing data ... in the hardware ... every access conceivably could result in five levels of storage access re-direction. One of the nails in the FS coffin was that if a FS machine was made out of the (then) currently fastest hardware (370/195), the throughput could be that of a 370/145 (between 10:1 and 30:1 slow-down; specifically compared was Eastern airlines System/one ACP/TPF reservation system that ran on 370/195). S/38 was selling in low-end market and could get hardware fast enough and it wasn't as cost sensitive. misc. past posts mentionin FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I've frequently claimed that John's creation of 801/risc was heavily oriented to going to the exact opposite of what was happening in the FS effort.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

circa 1980, there was an effort to move large variety of internal microprocessors to 801/risc (as/400 follow-on to s/38, low&mid-range 370s, variety of "controller" microprocessors, etc). For variety of reasons the efforts were all aborted and new generation of different CISC processors were created (including for the as/400).

with the power/pc in the 90s, rochester finally did move as/400 from cisc to 801/risc processor (although there were big arguments about adding a "65th bit" to 64bit addressing)

recent post mentioning TYMSHARE developed GNOSIS, a capabilty operating system that ran on 370 hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#40 GNOSIS & KeyKOS

when M/D bought TYMSHARE in the 80s, GNOSIS was spun-off as KeyKOS. As part of the spin-off, I was brought in to audit GNOSIS. One of the GNOSIS issues was it was targeted at allowing 3rd party vendors to develop applications and services delivered on TYMSHARE service bureau platform. There was enormous pathlength overhead in GNOSIS related to accounting & charges.

With the spinoff, the accounting/charge pathlength was removed ... and benchmarking claims in the late 80s & early 90s showed KeyKOS outperforming the 370 high-performance ACP/TPF transaction system. Some of the claims, was that with the high-level capability abstraction, a lot of optimization could be done that wasn't possible in the ACP/TPF transaction model.

GNOSIS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS
KeyKOS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS
EROS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EROS_%28microkernel%29
CapROS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CapROS
Coyotos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coyotos

TPF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transaction_Processing_Facility

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 26 Jun 2012 14:06:57
Renaissance <glucasole@tiscali.it> writes:
Trying to interpret (I apologize in advance in case I haven't understood): I know, but the level of sofistication of an operating systems applies to the available hardware at the time... Otherwise, they are all CUSPs until CTSS? (and neither the modified 7090 and the CTSS timesharing OS perhaps had sufficient hw/sw protection features...) However, I know: marketing and engineering are different things.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#37 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#42 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH

a Success Of Failure article:
http://www.govexec.com/management/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

from above:
If you're shaking your head, it's probably because you know the Trailblazer story isn't unique. The FBI, the Internal Revenue Service and the Marine Corps, to name a few, have watched massive system modernizations crash and burn. The reasons for these disasters are well-documented and maddeningly similar: insufficient agency management, contractors that overpromised and anemic-to-nonexistent congressional oversight.

... snip ...

aka beltway bandits realize they get more money from succession of failures than having immediate success.

with regard to protection/security ... some of the CTSS go to the 5th floor and multics ... others go to the science center on the 4th floor and do virtual machines, interactive computing, performance stuff that evolves into things like capacity planning, gml, etc ... some past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some past posts referencing multics security and multics security study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#47 Multics_Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#42 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#44 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#45 Thirty Years Later: Lessons from the Multics Security Evaluation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#27 NSF interest in Multics security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#36 NSF interest in Multics security

As undegraduate in the 60s, I did a lot of operating system stuff and periodically would even get requests from the vendors for enhancements. In retrospect, some of the requests could have originated from these guys (although I did know about them, until much later) ... this particular reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml

one of the big (secure) multics locations was AFDS
http://www.multicians.org/mga.html#AFDSC
and
http://www.multicians.org/site-afdsc.html

old email about some AFDS folks coming by ... thinking about getting 20 4341s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#email790404b

and six months later (fall '79), it had grown from twenty to 210 4341s ... past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers

other old email mentioning vm/4300 machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

for unrelated AF, I sponsored Col. Boyd's briefings at IBM in the 80s ... some URLs from around the web and some past posts referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

one of his biographies mentions he did tour in command of spook base ... and claimed it was a $2.5B windfall for IBM ($17+B something these days) ... reference gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

i recently mentioned in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#8 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 26 Jun 2012 14:19:41
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
and six months later (fall '79), it had grown from twenty to 2010 4341s ... past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Simulated PDP-11 Blinkenlight front panel for SimH

oops, finger-slip ... 210 4341s

a couple unrelated (nothing to do with dataprocessing modernization projects) Success Of Failure recent items

The Army Made A $5 Billion Mistake Choosing Its Uniforms
http://www.businessinsider.com/the-army-admits-it-made-a-big-5-billion-mistake-choosing-its-uniforms-2012-6
How to blow $6 billion on a tech project
http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/06/how-to-blow-6-billion-on-a-tech-project/

... and in this recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article

I reference the additional $2+T spent (over baseline) last decade ... $1T was appropriated for the two wars ... but it isn't apparent what happened to the other $1+T.

recent thread in linkedin Boyd discussion group
http://lnkd.in/ZjjQ9m

about "Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?"

I reference F20/tigershark in above ... some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#8 scheduling & dynamic adaptive ... long posting warning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#14 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#1 OS Workloads : Interactive etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#13 News Release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#3 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#4 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#6 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#8 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#40 EZPass: Yes, Big Brother IS Watching You!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#4 Expanding U.S. Tactical Aviation's "Approved Belief"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#16 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#63 Did anybody ever build a Simon?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#0 Justifying application of Boyd to a project manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#72 Sunday Book Review: Mind of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#19 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 27 Jun 2012 08:01:40
Thomas_Ambros@KEYBANK.COM (Tom Ambros) writes:
"Complicated legacy mainframe system"? It's CA-7! If they think that's complicated they probably can't work a Mr. Coffee.

Key questions on the massive RBS / NatWest IT failure
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/projectfailures/key-questions-on-the-massive-rbs-natwest-it-failure/15706

references

RBS Bank joins the IT failures 'Hall of Shame'
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/projectfailures/rbs-bank-joins-the-it-failures-hall-of-shame/15685
Guardian's investigations suggest bank's problems began on Tuesday night when it updated key piece of software called CA-7
http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/jun/25/how-natwest-it-meltdown

and
Update 6/27/12: According the The Register (a sensationalist tech news site), an inexperienced computer operator in India caused the RBS failure. Apparently, a routine problem arose during the upgrade procedure, which is usually not a serious issue because administrators can roll back to a previous and stable version of the software. In this case, however, it seems the operator erroneously cleared the entire transaction job queue, kicking off a long and difficult process of reconstruction. The article adds: A complicated legacy mainframe system at RBS and a team inexperienced in its quirks made the problem harder to fix.

... snip ...

Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2012/06/26/rbs_natwest_ca_technologies_outsourcing/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 June, 2012
Subject: IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
Blog: Greater IBM
IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/ibm-lawrence-livermore-aim-to-meld-supercomputing-industries/80861

IBM, Lab Join Hands to Boost US Competitiveness
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/258411/ibm_lab_join_hands_to_boost_us_competitiveness.html

from above:
The partnership expands an ongoing 20 year relationship in which IBM provides supercomputing resources to LLNL. IBM will make material contributions by assigning additional staff from its research unit with domain expertise and will also provide a dedicated supercomputer called Vulcan for the researchers to carry out complex calculations.

... snip ...

some email from over 20yrs ago ... including doing lots of activity with LLNL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

congress had passed legislation relaxing "anti-trust" provisions and encouraging government agencies to form partnerships with industry as part of technology transfer (out of gov. labs) with the objective improving the country's competitiveness in the global economy.

we had been working on both commercial as well as scientific/numeric-intensive (including a number of other gov. labs, not just LLNL). After much of the effort was transferred and announced as scientific/numeric-intensive "only" (and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors), we decide to leave. One of the things we did after leaving was consult for the "point person" at LLNL ... heading up a lot of their technology transfer activities (for those in financial industry, one of the joint activities was FSTC ... since merged into BITS).

on the commercial side (early jan92, before end of jan92 being told activity was transferred and we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

as part of cluster scaleup in ha/cmp ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

two of the other people at the early jan92 meeting, later leave and join a small client//server startup responsible for something called the "commerce server" ... and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server; the startup also invented this technology they called "SSL" ... and the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

some of the national lab. stuff from the period (besides LLNL sponsoring formation of the FSTC consortium ... which they were looking at moving some of their security technology into the financial industry), was LLNL was working on getting out their cray-based network filesystem as Unitree, NASA/AMES was looking at commercializing their mainframe network filesystem, LANL had spun-off their mainframe-based network filesystem to General Atomics and it was being marketed as Datatree, and NCAR had formed "Mesa Archival" (with lots of funding from the san jose disk division) as part of spinning off their mainframe-based network filesystem (before we left we were also doing some work for the san jose disk division trying to help Mesa Archival who were porting the NCAR network filesystem to AIX & RS/6000). LLNL was also pushing hard on their internal work with Anchor point-to-point switch as basis for the FCS standard (mainframers know it today as the basis for ficon).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 June, 2012
Subject: Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
Blog: Greater IBM
Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.businessinsider.com/ibm-to-freeze-salaries-of-some-employees-2012-6

from above:
Yesterday, employees in IBM's North American Global Technology Services were told not to expect pay raises in 2012.

... snip ...

ADAM SMITH: Our Record-High Profit Margins Are A Sign The U.S. Is "Going To Ruin"
http://www.businessinsider.com/adam-smith-our-record-high-profit-margins-are-a-sign-the-us-is-going-to-ruin-2012-6
Corporate Profits Just Hit An All-Time High, Wages Just Hit An All-Time Low
http://www.businessinsider.com/corporate-profits-just-hit-an-all-time-high-wages-just-hit-an-all-time-low-2012-6

and more background:

America Is Broken, What Now?
http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2011/10/journal-why-the-us-middle-class-is-broken.html

repeat of above but includes percent of total wealth by top 1% from 1913-2007
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html
part of this article:
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/opinion/sunday/jobs-will-follow-a-strengthening-of-the-middle-class.html
household "wealth" now lower than 1989
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-06-14/americas-vanishing-household-wealth
possibly earlier, but measures used for above, changed
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-06-14/were-americans-richer-in-1983-we-just-dont-know

note that linkedin rewrites the actual URL which periodically runs into problems ... so some of the above may require copy&paste (into browser) rather than just clicking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early use of the word "computer"

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Early use of the word "computer"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 27 Jun 2012 18:47:11
maus <greymausg@mail.com> writes:
Germans did. Firing at a high-altitude aircraft without it would be a waste of time. (AA was partly for encouraging the public or making the bombers nervous.)

reference last year to MEADS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#39 Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program

recently there has been a lot of radio spots around the DC area about how great MEADS would be ... if only would continue funding.

"MEADS" posts mentions this earlier post on "Iron Dome" (and Patriot)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S.

which references this Success Of Failure story
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/world/18missile.html
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Postol

from above:
But President George H. W. Bush claimed a success rate of more than 97 percent during a speech at Raytheon's Patriot manufacturing plant in Andover, Massachusetts during the Gulf War, declaring, the "Patriot is 41 for 42: 42 Scuds engaged, 41 intercepted!"[1]

... snip ...

but investigation turns up Patriot hit no more than 10% and possibly as little as zero.

recent Iron Dome reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#34 Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 June, 2012
Subject: Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
Blog: Boyd
re:
http://lnkd.in/ZjjQ9m

Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.informationdissemination.net/2012/06/is-there-connection-between-your.html

In theory, does this look more like Boyd's example of Guderian's blitzkrieg and verbal orders only compared to Boyd's characterization of US military for WW2 as rigid, top-down, command&control structure.

Would rigid, top-down, command&control structure turn large number of small missile vessels into psuedo-drones?

Boyd's comments lined up pretty close with the F20/tigershark sales pitches ... cheaper than f16 (several for the price of f16), greater number of flying hrs per maintenance hrs (compared to f16), lower skill level to maintain (than f16).

F20/tigershark was being positioned for export (recognizing unable to fight domestic MICC lobby). Stories are that congress then provided foreign aid "directed appropriations" for candidate countries (foreign aid that could only be used to buy F16s, countries were then faced with buying F20s with their own money or effectively getting F16s for free; subsidy for the MICC that doesn't show up as DOD line item)

The other question is whether or not rigid, top-down, command&control structure would turn large numbers of small missile vessels into (manned) psuedo-drones (or even real drones) with little or no independent action.

Article mentions facing possibly 100 boats with aggregate 800 missiles.

similar article
http://newwars.wordpress.com/2010/02/02/from-frigate-to-mothership-pt-2/

Our Success of Failure blows $11B here:

The Army Made A $5 Billion Mistake Choosing Its Uniforms
http://www.businessinsider.com/the-army-admits-it-made-a-big-5-billion-mistake-choosing-its-uniforms-2012-6
How to blow $6 billion on a tech project
http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2012/06/how-to-blow-6-billion-on-a-tech-project/

Winslow Wheeler's article about DOD getting $2+T extra last decade (over baseline). $1T extra appropriated for the two wars ... but it is hard to account for what happened to the other $1+T.

and $25B for one carrier
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_carrier

from above:
However, the debate has deepened over budgeting for the $12-$14.5 billion (plus $12 billion for development and research) for the 100,000 ton Gerald Ford-class carrier

...

This has @ $333M, 100 would be $33.3B, carrying approx. 50 missiles each
http://www.casr.ca/id-danish-naval-projects-frigate.htm

about same cost
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talwar_class_frigate

Could that be brought down to @$100m ($10B for 100) ... or could it be submarine for $333M?

the article references: Houbei missile boat ... @$40m ... $4B for 100, 83 completed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houbei_class_missile_boat

other wiki references:

type 054A frigate 1.5B yuan @6.36/$ approx. $234M ... $24B for 100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_054A_frigate
type 52C destroyer $800m (2004-2011)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_052C_destroyer

US destroyer, Arleigh Burke $1.8B (1989-2011)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arleigh_Burke_class_destroyer

I remember John characterizing F15 as missile platform ... stand-off and fire ... not a fighter.

Nearly almost everything is now being talked about involves missile platform of one kind or another.

seems to have some relevance:

A look back at the madness that led us into our wars. How does this advice read 6 years later?
http://fabiusmaximus.wordpress.com/2012/06/26/40107/

top-down, rigid, command&control structure is done in lots of ways ... including severely restrictive "rules of engagement". what is the probability that large number of small mobile missile platforms being allowed even a few degrees of independent operation.

latest in the series of articles:

What is the potential and what are the challenges the Navy faces in fielding a UCLASS to the fleet?
http://www.informationdissemination.net/2012/06/what-is-potential-and-what-are.html

from above:
More importantly, a UCLASS outfitted with JSOW could operate as a "missile truck," to borrow the Chief of Naval Operations terminology,

... snip ...

almost what Boyd made an F15 sound like

Now one of the remarkable things about this (besides no mention of anybody doing jail time)

United Technologies Sent Military Helo Tech to China
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/awx_06_28_2012_p0-472312.xml

is it basically says that what makes an attack helicopter an "attack helicopter" is the software. Something similar is implied about F35 ... but predictions are that the software will be the last thing finished ... two decades after the start of the effort.

Going on in IBMer (mainstay of US computer industry) employee discussion is that US employee numbers are on downward trajectory while other countries are on upswing ...with number of employees in India now greater than those in US ... with predictions numbers in China is going exceed both.

... hopefully there will still be some software engineers still left in the US to finish F35 software???? --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'? thoughts please

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 27 June, 2012
Subject: Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'? thoughts please.
Blog: Boyd
re:
http://lnkd.in/ahxq5r

In Boyd's Organic Design For Command and Control ... there was refrain about pushing decisions to the lowest level possible (as alternative to rigid, top-down, command&control structure). He would mention that the people closest to the problem are the mostly likely to have the best perspective. He would cite Guderian's verbal orders only during the blitzkrieg as further incentive for the people on the spot to make decisions ... removing some of the anxiety about after action review/blame for taking responsibility.

as an aside ... in the rigid, top-down, command&control structure ... it is a framework that results in anybody doing anything not directed from the top as "independent action". Boyd would change the framework and have the best person suited make decision (changes how it is viewed).

One of Boyd's stories about Viet Nam ... and the new air force air-to-air missile; he reviewed it said it would be lucky to hit 10% (even tho they said it hit every time). Once in vietnam, he turned out to be right. One day the air force general (in vietnam) grounded all fighters and converted to sidewinders ... which had better hit rate ... and started loosing less planes and pilots The general was quickly called on the carpet in pentagon. He had committed the worst transgression in US military ... reducing budget share (using fewer missiles, loosing fewer planes and pilots) and increasing another service's budget share (using sidewinders). Pentagon was so far from actual conflict that their values were totally distorted and divorced from what was going on ...

To Be or To Do

Boyd biography says in 1970, he did a stint in command of "spook base" ... description gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

a decade later, in the early 80s, Boyd would tell about spending 18months preparing for this article ... gone behind paywall ... but (mostly) lives free at the wayback machine indicating that there had been little or no improvement at the pentagon (in the years since vietnam):
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

He would tell how the SECDEF first went after the person named in the article ... but the 18month preparation provided air-tight coverage ... then the SECDEF ("knowing" Boyd was behind the whole thing) had Boyd transferred to Alaska and banned from the pentagon for life. At the time, Boyd had congressional coverage and the SECDEF orders were reversed within a week. However, it would appear that in the decades since, such congressional coverage has pretty much disappeared.

for total topic drift ... you think it was still 1983 and it was Spinney's time article
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2012/06/senate-told-about-gross-over-optimism.html

so why would any of this come as surprise to anyone??

"independent action" typically contrasts the people at the very bottom with the people at the top in rigid, top-down, command&control paradigm. the boyd scenario is that everybody at every level should be making the decisions that they are suppose to. part of boyd/spinney about pentagon and more recent spinney about "perpetual war" and MICC (along with Eisenhower's warning about MIC) is fundamentally the business process is "misaligned" ... this is from congressional testimony about the pivotal role that the rating agencies play in the economic mess; they were financially incented to lie about CDO ratings (contributing significantly to $27T being done during the mess).

Pentagon and Congress are financial incented to keep money flowing to military suppliers. This can result in decisions that are exact opposite of what they should be ... and then they are motivated to see that the strategy is continued throughout the organization (as in boyd's vietnam example about pentagon's budget share objective trumping all other considerations).

In the Boyd/Spinney scenario about Pentagon, I would claim "independent action" at the lowest level would be tolerated as long as it doesn't interfere with the objectives in the Pentagon. However, there are lots of intermediaries between the lowest level and Pentagon who have an immediate "risk adverse" objective. "Independent action" could then be tolerated if it was made perfectly clear that the intermediate layers are in no way responsible. One solution might be to eliminate the number of intermediate layers ... but that also has a tendency to more tightly focus responsibility ... rather than diffusing it.

Spinney's perpetual war as paradigm for keeping the funds flowing
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

Flowing from that are not only intermediate layers being "risk adverse" ... as part of promotion strategy ... but comments about nearly everybody to make full colonel requires sacrificing their integrity.

"mis-aligned business process"

Army Wrong!!!
http://www.lineofdeparture.com/2012/06/15/army-wrong-2/

This is specifically with respect to medicare part-d ... one of the first legislation after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (comptroller general would refer to it as unfunded mandated growing to $40T totally swamping all other items)

The Open-Source Everything Manifesto: Transparency, Truth, and Trust (Robert David Steele)
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/02/2012-manifesto-for-truth-intelligence-with-integrity-in-the-public-interest-evolver-editions-july-2012/

loc:1560-66:
This is consistent with the known "fee" that members of Congress charge for delivering earmarks: five percent of the cost of the taxpayer-funded project. In other words, Congress mandated that we pay one hundred percent of the asked cost instead of one percent of that, the true cost, because it secured their five percent.

... snip ...

there is whole eco-system here, lobbying organizations will charge 10% for directed appropriations (earmarks) ... but then has to split with Congress; can apply to directed appropriations in foreign aid ... like for f16 mentioned in this discussion:
http://lnkd.in/ZjjQ9m

for a little more Boyd, loc:180-82:
What does work is agility at the lowest point in the system, and spontaneous agility across the system by a "mesh" of autonomous individuals who can Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act (OODA), all without central direction or permission.

... snip ...

I first ran into Bob at a techno conference a couple decades ago and periodically run into since then. I had habit of making "Boyd quote" comments in his presentations to the point where he started referring to me as "that Boyd person".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 27 Jun 2012 21:29:46
David Dyer-Bennet <dd-b@dd-b.net> writes:
It varies. From 2005 to 2008 I was out of town about a week a month, traveling from Central Time to Pacific Time (two hour difference). I go at least one timezone a LOT more than twice a decade just for my own purposes, not counting business travel.

for a period in the 80s, I would commute a couple times a month between west coast and east coast ... work on west coast on monday, and then take red-eye out of SFO for kennedy ... and drive directly to the office. I would come back on friday afternoon flight.

I started doing twa ... flt 44 sfo-to-kennedy and then back on friday afternoon kenney->sfo on the tel aviv, rome, kennedy, sfo flt (periodically the flt would be late from rome).

as twa was going downhill (before ichan took-over in 85), I switched to PanAm ... and then PanAm sold off its pacific to united (also 85) to concentrate on atlantic ... I switched to somewhat alternating between united and american
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans_World_Airlines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_American_World_Airways

I would usually checkin at hotel tuesday night ... but I (vaguely) remember one tuesday where John Cocke (father of 801/risc) wanted to go drinking ... and it was around 4am weds. morning before I got to the hotel.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cocke

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 11:15:54
"gareth" <no.spam@thank.you.invalid> writes:
The OS _CAN_ consist of a number of layers, but can also be monolithic.

recent gnosis/keykos post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#40 GNOSIS & KeyKOS

gnosis/keykos reference in this comp.arch post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#43 Virtual address Memory Protection Unit

alsolists GNOSIS/KeyKOS descendents wikis. one of the wikis made mention that they had been offerred to GNU ... but GNU went with MACH microkernel instead (which is also being used by Apple).

there is issue of whether internal kernel structure is layered ... there is also issue kind of interface between kernel and applications. this is long-winded discussion about os/360 being mostly single monolithic with a pointer-passing API ... in the transition from real to virtual with virtual address space per application ... it required an image of the monolithic kernel to occupy every virtual address space (initially with 16mbyte virtual limitation, the kernel image was half every virtual address space).

there was the issue that the operating system has a limited number of "subsystems" that were outside the kernel ... in the transition to virtual address space per application ... these also got their own virtual address space ... however, there is also a pointer-passing api convention between applications and subsystems ... now residing in different address spaces.

for these the convention was a "common segment" ... or global parameter passing area that also resides in every virtual address space ... aka application calls the kernel to optain some global parameter passing allocation in the "common segment" area (CSA ... but now called common system are), and then makes a subsystem api call, passing a pointer to the parameters in the common segment. The common segment started out at 1mbyte (kernel image at 8mbyte, common segment at 1mbyte, leaving 7mbytes for application use). However, for larger systems with lots of concurrently executing applications and multiple different subsystems ... CSA was required to be increase ... frequently 4-5mbytes and threatening to increase to 5-6mbytes (or worse) ... sharply reducing area for application use.

recent posts mentioning common segment:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#66 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#100 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#80 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#57 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 28 June, 2012
Subject: IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries

For OCT1989 archaeological reference (from a "foil" pitch I made) regarding working with LLNL ... their interconnect which was being pushed through as "FCS standard" (what modern day mainframe ficon is based on) ... LLNL had developed their own networked filesystem ("LINCS") which we were working with them to make available as UNITREE as well as porting to our HA/CMP product and work with cluster scaleup (not just processing scaleup ... but also "big data of the period") ... it is was before cluster scaleup was transferred very end of jan1992 and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors)


LLNL Storage Statistics

2500 Users
400,000 Archive directories
6,000,000 Archive files
5 Terrabytes On-line
1 Terrabyte Off-line
1 Megabyte Average file size
20% Less than 8k bytes
50% Less than 125k bytes
1,000,000 Net increase in files each year
128 Megabytes Current maximum file size
1-2 Megabytes/sec current file transport speed

Typical Archival Storage Activity (per day)

4,600 files recorded (8 GB)
2,400 files read (3 GB)
200 cartridge mounts (90% cache hits)
2,000 worker-worker transfers
150,000 directory accesses

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 13:00:13
hancock4 writes:
The beauty of S/360-OS and its descendants is that all of the above is accomplished completely transparently to the application program. (please excuse the grammar). That is, an app written in 1966 can run without change (or very little change) today.

I wonder how old the longest continuously running program is. Obviously over time stuff has to get changed to meet changing user requirements. Plus there was Y2K. But those are external needs, not those of the machine.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#53 Operating System, what is it?

os/360 file open/close was operating system call (svc 19/20) which would set things up and load library routines (running in the application address space) and setup pointers for library branch&link calls.

library branch&link routines calls would build the appropriate i/o channel programs and perform (system call) svc0 (excp) to execute the channel programs.

this created a separate problem when moving from real-to-virtual.

channel execution of channel programs were all done with "real" addresses. with the i/o library routines running in application virtual address space ... all the channel programs were built with what was now "virtual addresses" (not real addresses). in the transition from real-to-virtual ... the svc0/excp processing now had to be changed to create a copy of the passed channel program ... substituting real addresses for the virtual addresses.

earlier virtual machine cp67 (and current generation of virtual machine operating systems still do) had to do something similar when simulating i/o operations for virtual machine ... the cp67 routine "CCWTRANS" was responsible for scanning the "virtual" channel program ... creating a copy along with substituting the real addresses for virtual.

in the initial prototype transition of os/360 to running virtually, Ludlow took a copy of cp67's CCWTRANS and hacked it into os/360 svc0/EXCP processing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#72 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

other posts mentioning Ludlow hacking CCWTRANS into svc0/excp:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#34 What level of computer is needed for a computer to Love?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#18 Linux IA-64 interrupts [was Re: Itanium benchmarks ...]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#37 IBM OS Timeline?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#38 IBM OS Timeline?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#36 History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#65 The problem with installable operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#67 The problem with installable operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#49 Linux paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#51 Linux paging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#27 Microkernels are not "all or nothing". Re: Multics Concepts For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#40 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#49 The mid-seventies SHARE survey
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#47 Moving assembler programs above the line
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#45 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#25 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#7 2nd level install - duplicate volsers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#32 Multiple address spaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#27 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#6 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#90 Two terrific writers .. are going to write a book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#92 Question regarding PSW correction after translation exceptions on old IBM hardware

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 14:00:37
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#53 Operating System, what is it?

os/360 file open/close was operating system call (svc 19/20) which would set things up and load library routines (running in the application address space) and setup pointers for library branch&link calls.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#55 Operating System, what is it?

this thread in ibm-main mailing list discusses early cics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#78 Familiar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#7 Familiar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#9 Familiar

a "monitor" that ran under os/360. os/360 svcs tended to be really heavy weight with lots of overhead. cics tried to do all necessary os/360 svcs when it started up ... and then ran its own custom transactions and tried to totally stay within the cics environment ... making as few calls as possible to os/360 services.

I make reference to having done custom crafted os/360 system builds ... where I very carefully ordered things on disk ... with the univ. workload getting nearly three times the throughput of standard "vanilla" system build.

one of the issues was open/close svc 19/20 ... which were system calls but actually performed by "transient" SVCs dynamically loaded 2k-bytes at a time (into the svc transient area). There were huge number of svc19 and svc20 2k-byte transient load routines which were serially executed. part of the performance improvement was carefully clustering different transient load routines on disk to minimize disk arm motion (during the svc processing dynamic transient loading sequence).

I mention univ. library had grant from ONR to do online catalog ... and it was also selected to be betatest site for original CICS product (having been originally developed at a customer site) ... and I got tasked to support/debug it. CICS would do all the necessary file opens at initially startup and keep the files open for the duration of the processing ... effectively simulating its own very fast open/close for individual transaction execution (as one of the mechanism avoiding execution of os/360 system services).

misc. past posts mentioning cics (&/or bdam file access)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 16:53:06
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
Parents pay for those, teenagers have to buy their own condoms (poor sods, in my day the pill was the normal method).

or the government ... freakonomics has chapter about prediction regarding drastic upswing in crime rate expected for the mid/late 90s ... which didn't happen. socio-economic studies from the 70s&80s showed enormous percent of crime was from poor/unwanted children of unwed mothers ... which was showing a big uptick. freakonomics claimed statistics that drastic increase in the availability of birth control & abortions resulted in not having the predicted numbers of poor/unwanted children of unwed mothers (and claimed availability of contraception/abortion was the major factor in not having the predicted huge increase in crime rate).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 28 Jun 2012 14:02:03
david.juraschek@ASSOCIATES.DHS.GOV (Dave Juraschek) writes:
No. This is a general accounting rule. (And actually, the rule is that transactions should be processed in the order received by an agent of the company/bank.) It is a "bank", not a "banking" rule that you allude to. I have personally experienced many banks (and subsequently moved my holdings to a new bank once I found this out) which apply withdrawls first, apply fines if this causes balance issues, and then apply deposits. I suggest that this is actually the "banking" rule used by most banks.

ibm services has been outsourcing such processing for some number of financial institutions ... there is folklore about trade-off between having processing to always be under the limit where fine is applied ... versus cost savings on not enough processing for always handling load spikes (offset by the sporadic fines; periodic claims that late processing fines would wipe out any profit on the outsourcing contract)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 17:52:22
Andy Champ <no.way@nospam.invalid> writes:
Whaddya mean, Layers?

It's all optional. CP/M only had two!


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#53 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#55 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#56 Operating System, what is it?

there was ibsys for 709, 7090 & 7094 (based on FMS):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7090/94_IBSYS

there was also ctss for 7094
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/7094.html

above also mentions FMS (fortran monitor system for the 7094) ... also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compatible_Time-Sharing_System

some went to 5th flr to do multics (also mentions multics influence on unix):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multics

and others went to science center on the 4th flr and first did (virtual machine) cp40 on specially modified 360/40 with virtual memory ... which later morphed into cp67 when 360/67 standard with virtual memory became available.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_CP/CMS

past posts mentioning 4th 545 tech sq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545

kildall worked on cp/67 at NPG school (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine):
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

before doing cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M

from which seattle computing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products

from which ms-dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS

another "CP" (for ibm 360) was the airline control program:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Airline_Control_Program

which evolves into transaction processing facility

cp67 morphs into vm370 ... when 370 with virtual memory becomes available
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VM_%28operating_system%29

vm370 workshop is going on now in real-time ... including celebration of 40th anniv; I was signed up to be there ... but something came up at the last minute.

tymshare is offering online commercial serivce based on vm370
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

they develop cms-based online computer conferencing system and make it available free for SHARE use as VMSHARE in AUG76 ... archive here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

tymshare then writes their own (capability-based) ibm 370 operating system (great new operating system in the sky):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNOSIS

when M/D buys tymshare, GNOSIS is spun-off as KeyKOS (I'm brought in to audit GNOSIS as part of the spin-off):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KeyKOS

EROS is then a reliable operating system microkernel ... somewhat derived from GNOSIS/KeyKOS (but for PC platforms rather than mainframe 370):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extremely_Reliable_Operating_System

followon to EROS is then CapROS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CapROS
and Coyotos:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coyotos

mach was operating system kernel from CMU (which includes a list of a number of things derived from mach, many of them used as unix "work alikes":
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mach_%28kernel%29

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 28 Jun 2012 23:05:47
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
older article saying same thing slightly differently:
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/how-wall-streets-quants-lied-to-their-computers/

JPM with $70T gambling with $136B in risk based capital is leveraged 516 times:
http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/derivatives/bank_exposure.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

JPMorgan Trading Loss May Reach $9 Billion
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/06/28/jpmorgan-trading-loss-may-reach-9-billion/

and

Banker to the Bankers Knows the Numbers Are Lying
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-06-28/banker-to-the-bankers-knows-the-numbers-are-lying.html

from above:
So there you have it. More than four years after the financial crisis began, it's so widely accepted that many of the world's banks are burying losses and overstating their asset values, even the Bank for International Settlements is saying so -- in writing. (The BIS's board includes Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke and Mario Draghi, president of the European Central Bank.) It fully expects taxpayers to pick up the tab should the need arise, too.

... snip ...

aka ... not just EU banks ... but the numbers for US too-big-to-fail are fabricate.

recent posts mentioning JPM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#87 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#5 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 29 Jun 2012 06:42:01
David Dyer-Bennet <dd-b@dd-b.net> writes:
I spent an entire summer hanging around computer centers partly because they were the only air-conditioned places I had access to. Summer of 1969, I think it must have been; while I'd found the computer interesting all school year, being able to really dive in was neat. AND being comfortable was wonderful. (Obviously I wasn't "used to" air conditioning at that point; I'd rarely had any exposure to it, and was quite skinny too. I'm just not built for high temperatures.)

some joke about this datacenter (claims that it was $2.5B windfall for IBM) might have been the only cool place in the country
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early use of the word "computer"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Early use of the word "computer"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 29 Jun 2012 08:09:36
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
Aside from the night being a much safer time to bomb, of course. Some of those missions lost 20% of the planes.

America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.amazon.com/Americas-Defense-Meltdown-President-ebook/dp/B001TKD4SA

goes into some amount of detail that in ww2, heavy bombers cost was way out of proportion to the results ... and effectiveness numbers were doctored ... on both sides to justify heavy bombers. a somewhat indirect reference was made to the fact during desert storm ... when they talked about "smart bombs" (compared to bombing effectiveness during ww2)

Loc 3214-17:
Half of America's total World War II budget went to U.S. air power and, of that half, 65 percent went to multi-engine bombers. A major study to quantify the effectiveness of this huge investment was initiated in October 1944 at the direction of President Roosevelt.

... snip ...

Loc 3255-56
In conclusion, the RAF and U.S. Army Air Force bomber commands fared rather poorly in their strategic bombardment campaigns. Eight of nine of the strategic bombardment campaigns were failures, contributing little to Allied victory.

... snip ...

it also observed that in 1943 ... britain was loosing their complete heavy bomber inventory every three months.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 29 Jun 2012 13:33:44
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Politicians have no stomach to do what has to be done. The fixing isn't going to happen until after the spending creates a complete trade/financial melt-down. Politicians don't know how to "cut their losses" because it's counter to getting reelected. Spain is getting

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#60 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

i don't think it is their stomach ... other than maybe feeding at the trough we are talking about.

I've mentioned before that Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, scan'ed fall2008 at boston public library) with extensive internal x-links and indexing as well as URLs corresponding to what happened then and what happened this time. (some assumption that the new congress had "appetite" to do something). A couple months later got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (some comments about wallstreet spreading enormous amounts of money on capital hill).

This starts off with respect to medicare part-d ... one of the first legislation after congress allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (comptroller general would refer to it as unfunded mandated growing to $40T totally swamping all other items) but it then mentions earmarks (directed appropriations).

The Open-Source Everything Manifesto: Transparency, Truth, and Trust
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/02/2012-manifesto-for-truth-intelligence-with-integrity-in-the-public-interest-evolver-editions-july-2012/

loc:1560-66:
This is consistent with the known "fee" that members of Congress charge for delivering earmarks: five percent of the cost of the taxpayer-funded project. In other words, Congress mandated that we pay one hundred percent of the asked cost instead of one percent of that, the true cost, because it secured their five percent.

... snip ...

there is whole eco-system here, lobbying organizations will charge 10% for directed appropriations (earmarks) ... but then has to split with congress. book goes on to mention that it considers only three in both houses of congress that aren't corrupted by the process.

cbs 60mins had segment specifically on medicare part-d and the "18" (congressmen and staffers) moving it through the process; at the last minute before the vote they slip in one line change that prohibits competitive bidding and blocks a CBO report on the effect of the change, from being distributed until after the vote. short time later, all 18 had resigned and were on drug industry payrolls. Then 60mins showed side-by-side comparison, VA (which allows competitive bidding) drugs 1/3rd the price of identical drugs under part-d.

recent posts mentioning pecora hearings and/or medicare part-d
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#6 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#5 The round wheels industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#56 What's the most interesting thing you do in your non-work life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#37 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#52 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#32 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#36 McCain calls for U.S.-led airstrikes in Syria
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#28 REPEAL OF GLASS-STEAGALL DID NOT CAUSE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS - WHAT DO YOU THINK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#67 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#36 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#40 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#53 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#61 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#68 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#75 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#41 Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Early use of the word "computer"

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Early use of the word "computer"
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 29 Jun 2012 13:58:50
Patrick Scheible <kkt@zipcon.net> writes:
Much better for the Soviets to send their young men to die, while we just drop some bombs.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#62 Early use of the word "computer"

i think the line is that 1/3rd of total ww2 budget was spent on heavy bombers that accomplished little or nothing ... and then massive numbers of the young still had to be sent in.

Boyd had a story about the "air force" mentality continuing through at least vietnam. he had reviewed the new airforce air-to-air missile that was claimed to hit every time, and he predicted it would hit less than 10% ... roll forward to vietnam and he turned to be right. the air force general on the ground in vietnam grounds all air force fighters and have them refitted with sidewinders. within three months, he is called on the carpet at the pentagon for having committed one of the worst military offenses: reducing service budget share. He was not using air force missiles and was loosing fewer planes & pilots ... reducing air force budget share ... but even worse ... he was using navy missiles, increasing the navy's budget share. those in the pentagon are so far removed from what is actually going on that their success criteria is totally divorced from the rest of the world.

When Boyd was put in command of spook base ... x-over with this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#61 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article

he tells them that it wouldn't be effective either
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

"America's Defense Meltdown" ... does have a line that wallstreet-regulatory-congressional complex has come to show that the military-industrial-congressional complex are pikers by comparison.

some other Vietnam references:
http://www.amazon.com/Westmoreland-General-Lost-Vietnam-ebook/dp/B005OCG11Q
and
http://www.amazon.com/Across-The-Fence-ebook/dp/B004XMOISG

and account of Iraq
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I

Now one of the remarkable things about the following (besides no mention of anybody doing jail time)

United Technologies Sent Military Helo Tech to China
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/awx_06_28_2012_p0-472312.xml
Pratt Pleads Guilty To Illegal Weapons Sale To Chinese; UTC Parent Coughs Up $75M
http://defense.aol.com/2012/06/29/pratt-pleads-guilty-to-illegal-weapons-sale-to-chinese-utc-pare/

is it sort of implies that what makes an attack helicoptor an "attack helicopter" is the software.

something similar is implied about the (new) generation F35 (joint strike fighter) ... however the predictions are that the software will be the last thing finished ... something like two decades after the project started.

There has been quite a bit going on in various (linkedin) IBM discussion groups about IBM US employment is on downward trajectory while it is increasing in other countries ... with IBM India now has more employees than IBM US ... but projections are that IBM China will surpass all. So one issue is whether there will be enough software engineers left in the US to even finish such projects.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 June, 2012
Subject: Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw

IBM freezes salaries of executives, many workers; Only employees with high-demand skills will get raises; may be part of aggressive plan to meet goals of 2015 roadmap
http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9228574/IBM_freezes_salaries_of_executives_many_workers

careful what you wish for about congress. This has comment that congress expects its percentage of any directed appropriations (as well as bonuses for various other kinds of legislation in favor of one or another). The Open-Source Everything Manifesto: Transparency, Truth, and Trust (Robert David Steele)
http://www.phibetaiota.net/2012/02/2012-manifesto-for-truth-intelligence-with-integrity-in-the-public-interest-evolver-editions-july-2012/

loc:1560-66:
This is consistent with the known "fee" that members of Congress charge for delivering earmarks: five percent of the cost of the taxpayer-funded project. In other words, Congress mandated that we pay one hundred percent of the asked cost instead of one percent of that, the true cost, because it secured their five percent.

... snip ...

lobbying organizations charge more like 10% for getting directed appropriations (aka earmarks) passed ... but then they have to split it with congress.

From the mid-90s, lots of large corporations lobbied congress to change the accounting rules regarding employmee retirement plans ... moving them from a liability to an asset (in theory making them subject to any bankruptcy event) ... this had large one time boost to corporate bottom lines and a big one-time boost to the bonuses of the respective executives.

somebody had recent line about every once and awhile an innocent man is sent to the legislature. there is another line attributed to henry kissinger about 90% of congressmen make the remaining 10% look bad (however, most estimates put it more like 99% of congressmen make the remaining 1% look bad)

so how far up the executive ranks does the freeze apply? ... and does it include bonuses

My comments are about institutions in general (not political parties) ... some of this dates back to the internal "tandem memos" in the early 80s as to how top executive compensation were tied to various numbers ... and it would be the downfall of american business.

when the company had gone in the red and after we left ... we heard lots of comments from former co-workers about how the top 473(?) executives in the executive bonus plan were spending all their time managing the books as opposed to the business. the "folklore" I was told later (from somebody that worked in the bowels of armonk) was that the top executives were spending all their time shifting expenses from the following year to the year already in the red. it didn't make any difference how far the company had gone in the red that year ... but by shifting expenses from the following year into the year in the red ... made the following year show up in the black ... even though the business hadn't significantly changed. The (again folklore) kicker resulted in biggest bonus ever paid by a significant amount (based on how bonuses are calculated) ... in effect the top 470-some executives on the executive bonus plan actually made more money by the company going into the red.

Since then, I've read numerous books written on how misaligned executive compensation plans are with the businesses they are suppose to be managing.

Age of Greed
http://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I

points out that executive compensation tied to stock price and rising stock market can provide for enormous executive compensation even when the individuals are mediocre or incompetent (especially if the executives are boosting quarterly reports by keeping worker compensation flat).

and with respect to rising stock market (by nobel prize winner in economics)

Thinking Fast and Slow
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA

"Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them"

... snip ...

and from somebody that had been at IBM

The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets
http://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO

although
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM decided to end pure research in his division.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 30 Jun 2012 11:05:08
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
No, it's not. I refer to history which has to do with opening the gates to barbarians. Anything will be done to "defeat" the perceived _local_ political opponent with the fantasy belief that things will revert back to normal after the barbarians trash the place.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#60 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#63 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

"Fall of Romam Empire"
http://www.amazon.com/Fall-Roman-Empire-Barbarians-ebook/dp/B000SEI0JQ

has combination of factors ... fall of the western capital was a 1) frequent waring factions for succession/emperor (lots of assignations and military coups), 2) fall of carthage ... economic power house for the western empire (after carthage fell, lots of the tax exemptions for the super wealthy had to be eliminated to try and make up for the loss), and 3) increasing pressure from outside the empire (weather went through a warming period and growing season in northern europe lengthened to support significant increase in population across the northern border of the western roman empire). Big part of the fall of carthage was because somebody felt their wasn't any threat in northern africa ... so they moved those troops to northern europe, possibly as part of some internal dispute between waring factions.

eastern empire had sent forces to help retake carthage (the wealth of carthage had also been used to maintain the large standing army on the northern border, as well as line the pockets of politicians) ... but then Huns appeared on their eastern border and the forces had to be brought home. Huns then circled around to the north ... which was driving local population across northern border of the western roman empire.

some similarities are our internal economic scortched earth with the latest bubble and failure to fix things afterwards ... some touched on in this (linkedin) "Greater IBM" (current/former employee) thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw

recent reference to venality of the military-industrial-congressional complex (frequently doing the "wrong" thing) ... although "America's Defense Meltdown"
http://www.amazon.com/Americas-Defense-Meltdown-President-ebook/dp/B001TKD4SA
does mention that the venality of the military-industrial-congressional complex has been drawfed by the venality of the financial-regulatory-congressional complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#62 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#64 Early use of the word "computer"

also discussed in "Age of Greed"
http://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I

other recent posts mentioning "Age of Greed":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#3 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#31 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#37 Romney's Opponents Intensify Attacks as Voting Nears
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#40 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#45 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#47 Avoiding a lost decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#48 Fed's image tarnished by newly released documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#77 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#12 Sun Tzu, Boyd, strategy and extensions of same
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#29 The speeds of thought, complexities of problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#74 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#99 New theory of moral behavior may explain recent ethical lapses in banking industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#19 Occupy the SEC Pitches An Extreme Makeover of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#13 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#14 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#71 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#91 The Fractal Organization: Creating sustainable organizations with the Viable System Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#35 Inequality and Investment Bubbles: A Clearer Link Is Established
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#74 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#86 The Dangers o High-Frequency Trading; Wall Street's Speed Freaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#16 Hierarchy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#26 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#38 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next

From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 June, 2012
Subject: China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/b6Vs3mrGBD9

China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
http://defensetech.org/2012/06/29/china-caught-the-u-s-in-education-and-manufacturing-high-tech-weapons-are-next/

a little x-over from here:
http://lnkd.in/ZjjQ9m
also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?

this linkedin discussion (near the end) has reference to a different discussion in the linkedin IBM employee group "Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw" ... which is a "closed" group ... but my posts are archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65

... which includes this wiki reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM decided to end pure research in his division.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 30 June, 2012
Subject: How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
Blog: IBMers
not US/India ... but US/China ... this google+ entry:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/b6Vs3mrGBD9

China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
http://defensetech.org/2012/06/29/china-caught-the-u-s-in-education-and-manufacturing-high-tech-weapons-are-next/

I also make mention of recent article about salaries effectively frozen ... playing in "Greater IBM" ... but I also archived my posts here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65

Also discussion of China in this "Boyd" discussion:
http://lnkd.in/ZjjQ9m

I had sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM first in early 80s

past posts in this discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#87 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#90 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#95 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#2 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#12 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#18 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 July, 2012
Subject: Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
Blog: Boyd
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?

twenty-plus yrs ago, before the big uptake of consumer internet & consumer PCs ... the commerce dept. was running an HDTV show to try and head off hollowing out major technology in the US. The scenario was the largest use of electronics was TVs and the switch to digital TV would create a massive advanced electronics industry that would come to dominate all others. Commerce dept was running a HDTV "standards" show where the standard was constantly being revised and tweaked. The objective was to give domestic manufacturers a competitive advantage ... especially against those in the far east. Somewhere in the middle of all this, far east consumer electronics developed technology so single TV could do NTSC and PAL analog as well as wide spectrum of digital ... nullifying whatever commerce dept was trying to achieve.

Things didn't quiet turn out as expected with subsequent uptake of internet and consumer PCs (and now mobile devices) coming to dominate consumer electronics. However, the scenario that having major stake in the pieces of consumer electronics still gives a tactical & strategic advantage in many advanced electronics areas. A trivial example is recent news items about components for advanced weapons systems may have purposeful flaws and/or backdoors added.

from recent post in this other Boyd discussion
http://lnkd.in/ahxq5r
also archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#51 Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'? thoughts please.

loc.180-82:
What does work is agility at the lowest point in the system, and spontaneous agility across the system by a "mesh" of autonomous individuals who can Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act (OODA), all without central direction or permission.

... snip ...

so this goes along with Patterns of Conflict, pg. 30, mobility/fluidity, and then fluidity-of-action, pg. 70 and Schwerpunkt pg. 72 (and diagrams pg. 80-84)

So my thesis is advanced electronics, technology, and software goes a long way towards enabling rapidly moving along the spectrum from autonomous individual action to large swarms of concentrated action (including missile boats, frigates, destroyers, submarines, UAV, etc). A possibly unseen issue is whether the country is rapidly loosing the technology edge for continuously developing such capability (left sitting with empty facade).

related:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#32 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#42 China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Is Already Doing A Whole Lot More Than Anyone Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#48 Owl: China Swamps US Across the Board -- Made in China Computer Chips Have Back Doors, 45 Other "Ways & Means" Sucking Blood from US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#53 The secret's out for secure chip design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#38 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#43 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#67 China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Jul 2012 09:53:17
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
<GRIN> We actually spent a night in a hospitality room at DECUS with an NSA rep. We didn't know he was from NSA but he wanted to talk about security. Since JMF didn't know he was from NSA, JMF told him a lot about system insecurity. When the DEC group was at breakfast trying to remember everything about the previous night (lots of beer had been drunk), JMF mentioned the guy and asked who he was. When JMF heard that the guy was from NSA, he literally sank under the table.

for whatever reason, they had their own rep to x9, financial industry standards group ... I would guess in large part because of all the financial related standards involving cryptography. one of the things they complained about was my merged security taxonomy & glossary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/secure.htm

specifically i kept stuff from the orange book ... and they were on a crusade to eliminate all orange book references and only have references from common criteria (and I haven't been exactly kind about some of the common criteria stuff)

somewhat indirect reference ... earlier coming to realization that there appeared to be three kinds of cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#57 RealNames hacked. Firewall issues.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004j.html#35 A quote from Crypto-Gram
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#4 private key encryption - doubts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#22 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#43 What is "timesharing" (Re: OS X Finder windows vs terminal window weirdness)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"The Truth Will Set You Free" -- on Destination z

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: "The Truth Will Set You Free" -- on Destination z
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Jul 2012 07:34:58
shmuel+gen@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
The ensemble limit of 8 is only relevant to sharing Intel and POWER workloads; a sysplex can be bigger.

I mentioned before my wife got con'ed into going to POK in charge of loosely-coupled architecture where she created peer-coupled shared data architecture. she didn't stay long, in part because of little uptake (except for IMS hot-standby, until sysplex) and in part because of ongoing battles with communication group trying to force her into using vtam/sna for loosely-coupled coordination. misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

when we were doing cluster scaleup for ha/cmp (both for commercial/DBMS and scientific/numeric intensive) ... we didn't have to worry about the communication group ... old post about early Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

what we did have to worry about ... old email about cluster scalenup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

the last email in above is possibly only hrs before being told the cluster scaleup stuff is transferred and we weren't allowed to work on anything with more than four processors. then a couple weeks later it being announced for scientific/numeric-intensive ONLY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1 920217 ... scientific and technical only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2 920511 ... caught by surprise

I make fun of it in this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

post posts mentioning ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

some of this discussed in this recent linkedin greater ibm thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#54 IBM, Lawrence Livermore aim to meld supercomputing, industries

also in these linkedin mainframe related discussions:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#4 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.written, alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Jul 2012 10:45:58
ctbishop@earthlink.net (Charles Bishop) writes:
While they did "bear it", there were also ways to mitigate it, such as different building designs and work schedules. Now, of course, you can build a cape cod house in Florida and cool it with AC so the building design doesn't have to be suitable for the climate there. Overall though, AC has made life better in places where people dealt with not having it before.

There was a segment on Connections that dealt with the why and wherefore of the development of AC.


from friday:

Cities That Wouldn't Exist Without Air Conditioning
http://www.theatlanticcities.com/jobs-and-economy/2012/06/cities-might-not-exist-without-air-conditioning/2399/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Jul 2012 11:38:59
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?

before my time at X9, but I've heard stories that standardization effort for "triple-DES" may have had quite a few battles.

some number of the people from the organization had been involved in x.509 & PKI.

i periodically quote a large ballroom session in early 90s annual ACM SIGMOD meeting in san jose ... where somebody from the audience asked what is all this stuff about x-five-hundred ... and somebody on the panel replied that it is a bunch of networking engineers trying to re-invent 1960s DBMS technology.

some number of people show up in various PKI organizations that apparently previously were at the organization and involved in PKI-related matters. I was on crusade to eliminate the majority of (PKI-related) digital certificates in the world as being redundant and superfluous.

I'm on PKI panel discussion in 1998 nissc with several CTOs from PKI companies (standing room only in the ballroom)
http://csrc.nist.gov/nissc/1998/index.html

as an aside, nist.gov appears to be one of the places in maryland today w/o power

I'm told later that the body language was remarkable ... everybody else at the table were clustered at far end ... apparently trying to put as much physical space as possible between me and them.

Later we are brought in to help word-smith the cal. electronic signature act ... some past poss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

there is PKI lobby that is pushing heavily for the law to mandate digital signatures and digital certificates. They had been shopping a $20B/annum business case around wallstreet ... basically $100/annum individual digital certificates that would be underwritten by the financial industry.

I had demonstrated that digital certificates were redundant and superfluous for the financial industry (even if they did digital signatures, it made much more sense forthe individual's public key in the financial institution's repositories than to pay and outside organization $100/annum for a digital certificate).

Earlier a big push was to mandate digital certificates for payment transactions (payment transactions averaged 40% of bottom line for US financial institutions, so was a "rich" target). I pointed out that the avg. digital ceritifcate payload size was one hundred times larger than the avg. payment transaction size ... and would represent enormous payload bloat (for something that was also redundant and superfluous ... with simply recording public key in financial database). misc. past posts mentioning digital certificate enormous payload bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#bloat

so various parties in X9 start a new standardization item to do "compressed" digital certificates (to address the enormous payment transaction payload bloat). One of their techniques is to eliminate all information that a financial institution is likely to already have in their financial repository. I point out that a financial institution could have *ALL* information, compressing digital certificates to zero bytes. So instead of forbidding redundant and superfluous digital certificates, it would be possible to mandate zero-byte digital certificates are appended to every payment transaction.

disclaimer ... a couple dozen patents in the area of security, authentication, and digital signatures w/o digital certificates (we have no interest, all assigned)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

we had been working with botique patent firm and had around fifty draft patent applications ... and the firm said it looked like it would be well over hundred before we were done. Some executive looks at the cost to file that many patents (to say nothing of the $6k we get paid for each one) and directs all claims be repackaged as nine patents. Later the patent office comes back and complains that it is tired of getting there huge patents where the patent filing fee doesn't even cover cost of reading the enormous number of claims ... and directs that the nine patents be redone as minimum of 20-30 (we don't get anything for this refiling).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HELP WITH PCOM - PASTE OPTION NOT WORKING CORRECTLY

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: HELP WITH PCOM - PASTE OPTION NOT WORKING CORRECTLY
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Jul 2012 09:16:21
mike.a.schwab@GMAIL.COM (Mike Schwab) writes:
I miss my 3278.

we had big battle with kingston (before communication group moved to raleigh) about 3278 (& 3274 controller) for interactive computing. eventually they came back and said that 3278 wasn't designed for interactive computing ... but pure data-entry.

part of the issue (compared to 3277/3272) was that much of the electronics had been moved out of the terminal back to the shared controller ... significantly reducing the terminal (3278) manufacturing cost. however, this significantly drove up the coax "chatter" ... because nearly everything required electronics back in the shared controller. There had been some number of hardware tweaks to the 3277 terminal hardware to improve the interactive computing characteristics ... which also became impossible with the migration of the electronics back into the 3274 controller.

the additional processing load on the shared 3274 controller (local chanel attach) also significantly drove up its channel busy overhead (in addition to making the 3278 slower operation and unsuitable for interactive computing). Later in the migration to (coax) terminal emulation, a emulated 3277 would have 3-4 times the upload/download throughput than an emulated 3278 (because of the enormous amount of coax protocol chatter to support the paradigm where the majority of the terminal electronics are now back in the controller).

past post with old hardware response measurements compared channel attach 3272 with channel attach 3274
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#19 3270 protocol

as part of human productivity improvement studies associated with quarter-second response (along with typical TSO/CMS system response numbers typical of internal corporate datacenters).

for a little other topic drift ... circa 1980, STL lab was bursting at the seams and they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to an off-site building. The group had done some tests with "remote 3270s" ... but found the human factors totally intolerable (expecially since they were used to vm370/cms with channel attach controllers).

I did support for channel extender (about five miles) that allowed local 3274 channel-attached controllers at the remote site with 300 3270s ... and things were actually better than when they were in the building (but you also got to realize that these were 3278/3274 combination). The 300 from the IMS group found little difference between in-building and off-site (with the channel extender) ... but what happened was the overall throughput of the systems improved by 10-15%. The issue was that it was common to mix 3274 and disk controllers on the same channels. Putting in the channel extenders got all of the 3274 controllers off the same real channels with disk controllers (removing the enormous 3274 channel busy overhead) ... improving disk throughput.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Jul 2012 12:47:14
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
"Fall of Romam Empire"
http://www.amazon.com/Fall-Roman-Empire-Barbarians-ebook/dp/B000SEI0JQ


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

pg281:loc5061-63
THE REVENUE SURPLUS from North Africa was essential for balancing the imperial books. Without it, the west could never have afforded armed forces large enough to defend its other, more exposed territories. Not only in Africa, but everywhere in the Roman west, predatory immigrants had been left to pursue their own agendas largely unhindered since the death of Constantius in 421

... snip ...

pg296:loc5393-95
The loss of its best North African provinces, combined with a massive seven-eighths reduction in revenue from the rest, was a fiscal disaster for the west Roman state. A series of regulations from the 440s show unmistakable signs of the financial difficulties that now followed. In 440 and 441, initial efforts had been made to maximize revenues from its surviving sources of cash.

... snip ...

misc. recent posts mentioning "Fall of Romain Empire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#22 Death From Above
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#31 Rome speaks to us. Their example can inspire us to avoid their fate

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 1 July, 2012
Subject: Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/102794881687002297268/posts/NXHp6dW7D2g

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF30Dj02.html

from above:
The present scandal over the London Interbank Offered Rate (or Libor) and how this international benchmark for borrowing funds was manipulated by various banks to their advantage, like the fracas around credit rating agencies a couple of years ago, essentially comes around to the key point of how an oligarchy not particularly known for efficiency or efficacy managed to entrench itself. With US$350 trillion (as against global gross domestic product of some $50 trillion) in derivatives contracts written on Libor fixing, is it any wonder that someone somewhere thought it could be profitable to skew the system somewhat?

... snip ...

A Huge Break in the LIBOR Banking Investigation
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/a-huge-break-in-the-libor-banking-investigation-20120628

Another Domino Falls in the LIBOR Banking Scam: Royal Bank of Scotland
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/another-domino-falls-in-the-libor-banking-scam-royal-bank-of-scotland-20120629

$700T worldwide:
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/ML14Dj02.html

much of it in the US:
http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/derivatives/bank_exposure.html

recent posts mentioning derivatives, libor, and/or rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#17 What's your favorite quote on "accountability"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#21 Zombie Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#47 Avoiding a lost decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#87 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#95 Bank of America Fined $1 Billion for Mortgage Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#15 Authorized functions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#31 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#37 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#48 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#5 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#11 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#39 Fannie and Freddie must go - here's how
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#61 Why Republicans Aren't Mentioning the Real Cause of Rising Prices at the Gas Pump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#69 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#21 A z/OS Redbook Corrected - just about!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#23 Are mothers naturally better at OODA because they always have the Win in mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#40 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#49 US payments system failing to meet the needs of the digital economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#53 GOLD STANDARD GOOD OR BAD?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#63 One maths formula and the financial crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#74 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#75 Fed Report: Mortgage Mess NOT an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#80 The Failure of Central Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#87 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#8 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#10 Accidentally Released - and Incredibly Embarrassing - Documents Show How Goldman et al Engaged in 'Naked Short Selling'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#28 REPEAL OF GLASS-STEAGALL DID NOT CAUSE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS - WHAT DO YOU THINK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#59 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#71 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#83 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#5 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#26 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#58 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#63 Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#75 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#82 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#51 Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'? thoughts please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#60 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: 'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 1 Jul 2012 20:49:18
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#46 'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#58 'Inexperienced' RBS tech operative's blunder led to banking meltdown

it isn't RBS only problem:

Another Domino Falls in the LIBOR Banking Scam: Royal Bank of Scotland
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/another-domino-falls-in-the-libor-banking-scam-royal-bank-of-scotland-20120629ï

part of this:

A Huge Break in the LIBOR Banking Investigation
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/a-huge-break-in-the-libor-banking-investigation-20120628

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF30Dj02.html

$700T worldwide:
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/ML14Dj02.html

much of it in the US:
http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/derivatives/bank_exposure.html

a few more, now will anybody go to jail??

Banks face lawsuits worth billions over Libor scam
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/banks-face-lawsuits-worth-billions-over-libor-scam-7902918.html
U.K. Serious Fraud Office Opted Against Libor Criminal Probe: FT
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-06-30/u-k-serious-fraud-office-opted-against-libor-criminal-probe-ft.html
Barclays LIBOR Market Manipulation Fraud To Boost Profits and Mask Insolvency, RBS, HSBC and Lloyds to Follow :: The Market Oracle ::
http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article35374.html
Banking scandal: how document trail reveals global scam
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/30/banking-scandal-barclays-lawsuits-libor?newsfeed=trueï»

not directly ... other recent posts on derivatives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#76 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 July, 2012
Subject: Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/4xNzS7

The counter is that numerous organizations list as their number one risk is the babyboomers retiring. The babyboomers are the ones that understand how several critical infrastructure dataprocessing operations actually work and there is worry that when they are gone ... the institutional knowledge will be lost.

from (linkedin) Boyd discussion
http://lnkd.in/ZjjQ9m
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#50 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#69 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?

about military competitiveness ... a couple news items from the discussion:

China Caught the U.S. in Manufacturing, High-Tech Weapons Might Be Next
http://defensetech.org/2012/06/29/china-caught-the-u-s-in-education-and-manufacturing-high-tech-weapons-are-next/
A Full Rundown Of China's Military Might
http://www.businessinsider.com/the-comprehensive-guide-to-chinas-military-tech-2012-6?op=1
Did CNO just take a big swipe at F-35?
http://www.dodbuzz.com/2012/07/03/did-cno-just-take-a-big-swipe-at-f35/

past posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

this has gotten some amount of play in this (linkedin closed, no URL) "Greater IBM" (current & former employees) "Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw" ... my pieces archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 ..

and a lot of play in (linkedin closed, no URL) "IBMers" (also current & formert employees): How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.? ... my pieces archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#87 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#90 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#92 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#95 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#82 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#2 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#12 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#18 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#68 ..

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Does Two-Factor Authentication Need Fixing?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 July, 2012
Subject: Does Two-Factor Authentication Need Fixing?
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/u/0/111646203865345303496/posts/8w4eYHsk2Fc

Does Two-Factor Authentication Need Fixing?
http://www.infosecisland.com/blogview/21827-Does-Two-Factor-Authentication-Need-Fixing.html

multi-factor authentication is assumed to provide stronger security based on the different factors having independent compromises. compromised end-points can negate that assumption, providing compromise of all authentication factors. In the 90s, EU had a standard for add-on box to PC to address the compromised end-point problem.

The issue was about that time, one of the financial institutions added a chip to their payment card and did a give-away of serial-port add-on cardreaders in the consumer market. The resulting consumer support disaster created rapidly spreading rumor in the financial industry that add-on boxes were not practical in the consumer market ... and there was a pull-back from all such programs. misc. past posts mentioning FINREAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread

The actual issue come from presentations in the early/mid 90s about dial-up online consumer banking moving to internet/browser. their motivation was significant support problems with serial-port modems ... which would be offloaded to ISPs. The institutional knowledge of such problems then appeared to evaporate in a period of 4-5 years. Note enormous support problems with serial-port add-on boxes was also major motivation for development of USB.

At the time, vendors like microsoft had several consumer smartcard initiatives ... viewing secure financial transactions and the financial industry as the "silver bullet" for uptake of such technologies ... smartcards in the consumer marketplace was dependent on the add-on boxes and with the pull-back from add-on boxes (because of the mis-perceived support problem which was actually with serial-port) ... there was pullback from consumer smartcard initiatives (and vendors like microsoft dissolved their consumer smartcard related activities).

There is some folklore that the serial-port cardreader free giveaway was the financial institution got a fire-sale on obsolete serial-port cardreaders because of the change-over to USB (which any lingering institutional knowledge about serial-port consumer support problems should have prevented).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Firms told to own up to cybercrime attacks

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 July, 2012
Subject: Firms told to own up to cybercrime attacks
Blog: Information Security
Firms told to own up to cybercrime attacks
http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2012/07/02/Firms-told-to-own-up-to-cybercrime-attacks/UPI-17281341257820/?spt=hs&or=si

The lack of corrective action was in large part motivation for the Cal. breach notification act. We were tangentially involved, being brought in to help wordsmith the Cal. electronic signature act ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

and many of the participants were also involved in the breach notification act. Breaches were major source of account fraud form of identity theft ... and there was some hope that the publicity would motivate corrective actions. The issue is security countermeasures are normally taken in self-interest; however in these cases, consumers were at risk, not the institutions with the breaches. some past posts on account number harvesting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#harvest

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 July, 2012
Subject: Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
Blog: Greater IBM
Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://live.wsj.com/video/video/viewpoints-working-with-the-obama-white-house/5A0ED9CD-CFC8-4898-8ADB-B0B8196D7E5A.html#!5A0ED9CD-CFC8-4898-8ADB-B0B8196D7E5A

IBM Plan Details
http://www.informationweek.com/big-data/news/big-data-analytics/amazons-vogels-big-data-belongs-in-the-cloud/240153254

We were asked to look at medicaid fraud. It turns out that feds had a program that if the states would pass legislation aligning the states fraud countermeasures with the fed's best practices ... the feds would increase medicaid funds from 50% to 60% (aka cuts state medicaid bill by 20% ... which runs to several billions in many states). The issue was that overcharging and fraud is running 20-30% and this was targeted bringing it under control. It turns out that medical lobbying in numerous states is strong enough to block passage of such bills ... even though was in the best interest of the states. In some cases the people heading up state medicaid fraud units resigned in protest over states failure to pass such bills. One of the states with the largest amount of medicaid fraud had a lot of publicity and even joint activity with IBM ... but it appears that it may have all been a facade and fraud and overbilling wasn't actually reduced.

...

(regarding doing book on medicaid fraud) not really, i don't see big uptake for economic mess expose ... so doubt that medicaid would be much better ... it is something for cbs 60min sound-bites ... like segment they did on how medicare part-d was passed ... which was the first major legislation that congress passed after they allowed the fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (i.e. taxes & spending had to match) ... which has been characterized as trillions of dollar gift to drug industry ... comptroller general characterizes as coming to be long term $40T unfunded mandate (comptroller general would start making references that nobody in congress is capable of middle school arithmetic based on what they were doing to the budget). CBO has last decade tax revenue was reduced by $6T and spending increased by $6T compared to baseline (baseline had all federal debt retired by 2010) for $12T budget gap (most of it occurring after fiscal responsibility act was allowed to expire ... aka fiscal responsibility act required that spending be matched by tax revenue ... but comptroller general has that after congress let the act expire in 2002, there was absolute frenzy cutting revenue and increasing spending).

CBS 60mins expose had 18 congressional members&staff shepherding part-d through the process ... at the last minute they insert sentence that says no competitive bidding in part-d ... and prevent CBO report from circulating report on effect of that one sentence change. 60mins present drugs under VA (with competitive bidding) that are 1/3rd cost of same identical drugs under part-d. they also found all 18 responsible "resigned" shortly after part-d passed and were on drug industry payrolls.

another example, Jan2009, I was asked to take the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29, had been scanned the fall before at boston public library), HTML'ize it with lots of indexing and cross-references ... as well as lots of URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (some assumption that new congress would have an appetite to do something). After a month or two working on the effort ... got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (some references to enormous amounts of wallstreet money being spread around capital hill)

recent posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#6 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#50 They're Trying to Block Military Cuts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#53 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#53 "Scoring" The Romney Tax Plan: Trillions Of Dollars Of Deficits As Far As The Eye Can See
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#60 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#58 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#81 The Pentagon's New Defense Clandestine Service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#45 Fareed Zakaria
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#25 US economic update. Everything that follows is a result of what you see here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#33 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#34 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#50 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#61 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#68 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#0 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#41 Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#51 Is this Boyd's fundamental postulate, 'to improve our capacity for independent action'? thoughts please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#63 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 July, 2012
Subject: Millennials have been plugged in pretty much since birth, which naturally means they'd be more adept at understanding the tech world than Gen X or even Baby Boomers, right?
Blog: Old Geek
re:
http://lnkd.in/4xNzS7
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#78

recent article Digital Literacy is Good, but Fluency is Better
http://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/workforce-of-tomorrow/archive/2012/06/digital-literacy-is-good-but-fluency-is-better/259143/

for something slightly different this involves financial institution institutional knowledge evaporating ... resulting in a couple additional decades of financial fraud ... discussion at Google+ (about 2factor authentication needing fixing)
https://plus.google.com/u/0/111646203865345303496/posts/8w4eYHsk2Fc
comments also archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#79

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 03 July, 2012
Subject: How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/wS8SYb

from this discussion in "Old Geeks"
http://lnkd.in/4xNzS7
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#78
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#82

I posted this article:

Digital Literacy is Good, but Fluency is Better
http://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/workforce-of-tomorrow/archive/2012/06/digital-literacy-is-good-but-fluency-is-better/259143/

lots of past discussion about being proficient in computer language (including assembler or machine language) is when you are "fluent" in the language ... aka think, dream, etc in the language.

this is somewhat different than intelligence level .... it might be easier to demonstrate "literacy" in cobol than assembler ... because cobol is more similar to english. however, deep immersion in assembler ... can achieve fluency/proficiency ... equivalent to what might achieve in natural language ... say for individuals that are professional simultaneous translators.

For something slightly different ... very early in the days of REXX ... when it was still called REX and before release as product ... i decided to demonstrate that REXX was not just another pretty scripting language ... choosing to do re-implementation of IPCS (at the time a very language assembler implemented application) in REXX ... working half time in less than three months ... providing ten times the function and executing ten times faster. Towards the end of the period I started a library of automated routines that examined storage image for large collection of various kinds of failure signatures. I had thought originally it was be released as product replacement .... but for whatever reason that never happened .... even though it eventually came to be used by nearly every internal datacenter and internal customer support PSRs. I eventually got permission to give presentations at SHARE and other user group meetings about how to do the implementation ... and within a few months ... similar implementations began appearing from other sources.

Eventually for some unknown reason, the 3090 service processor (3092) offered to release it some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

misc. old posts mentioning dumprx
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

old story is amazon is charging on-demand $2.40/hr for their CC2, e5-2690 based blades rated at 527BIPS. ibm has base price of $1815 for e5-2600 blade or $3.15/BIPS and $28M for fully configured z196 (rated at 50BIPS) or $560,000/BIPS.

new story is that google (one of the world's largest hardware makers ... assembling their own systems to optimize price/performance) is talking about entering the business, going head-to-head with amazon ... and will be offering better price/performance (part of the issue is there is an enormous difference between a couple dollars/BIPS that they are playing with and over half million/BIPS that mainframe is going for)

Amazon gave you on-demand, 42nd largest supercomputer in the world, google will give you

Google Compute Engine: For $2 million/day, your company can run the third fastest supercomputer in the world
http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/131962-google-compute-engine-for-2-millionday-your-company-can-run-the-third-fastest-supercomputer-in-the-world

and

Where Google Computing Engine fits in | Cloud computing
http://www.infoworld.com/t/cloud-computing/where-google-computing-engine-fits-in-196738
Google launches IaaS Compute Engine
http://www.datamation.com/news/google-launches-iaas-compute-engine.html
Why performance will help Google steal cloud customers from Amazon
http://gigaom.com/cloud/why-google-compute-engine-may-be-attractive-to-amazon-web-services-users/
MapR's Google Deal Marks Second Big Data Cloud Win
http://www.informationweek.com/news/software/info_management/240003121
Google Compute Engine Leverages Third Party Support
http://www.informationweek.com/news/hardware/virtual/240003042
Google Compute Engine Challenges Amazon - Cloud-computing - Infrastructure as a Service
http://www.informationweek.com/news/cloud-computing/platform/229401103

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor; "But the emperor - he wears no clothes," cried a little boy in the crowd. - Old fairy tale, or current newspaper headline.
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF30Dj02.html

The present scandal over the London Interbank Offered Rate (or Libor) and how this international benchmark for borrowing funds was manipulated by various banks to their advantage, like the fracas around credit rating agencies a couple of years ago, essentially comes around to the key point of how an oligarchy not particularly known for efficiency or efficacy managed to entrench itself. With US$350 trillion (as against global gross domestic product of some $50 trillion) in derivatives contracts written on Libor fixing, is it any wonder that someone somewhere thought it could be profitable to skew the system somewhat?

... snip ...

more like $700T worldwide:
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/ML14Dj02.html

much of it in the US:
http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/derivatives/bank_exposure.html

A Huge Break in the LIBOR Banking Investigation
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/a-huge-break-in-the-libor-banking-investigation-20120628
Another Domino Falls in the LIBOR Banking Scam: Royal Bank of Scotland
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/another-domino-falls-in-the-libor-banking-scam-royal-bank-of-scotland-20120629

and a few more, now will anybody go to jail??

Banks face lawsuits worth billions over Libor scam
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/banks-face-lawsuits-worth-billions-over-libor-scam-7902918.html
U.K. Serious Fraud Office Opted Against Libor Criminal Probe: FT
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-06-30/u-k-serious-fraud-office-opted-against-libor-criminal-probe-ft.html
Barclays LIBOR Market Manipulation Fraud To Boost Profits and Mask Insolvency, RBS, HSBC and Lloyds to Follow :: The Market Oracle ::
http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article35374.html
Banking scandal: how document trail reveals global scam
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jun/30/banking-scandal-barclays-lawsuits-libor?newsfeed=true

Vince Cable calls for criminal investigation into Barclays bankers; Business secretary backs demand for police inquiry into bank fined GBP290m for role in manipulating City interest rates
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jul/01/vince-cable-criminal-investigation-barclays

There's Something Rotten In Banking
http://compliancex.com/theres-something-rotten-in-banking/
There's Something Rotten in Banking
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-07-02/barclays-case-shows-something-s-rotten-in-banking-culture.html

Why is Nobody Freaking Out About the LIBOR Banking Scandal?
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/why-is-nobody-freaking-out-about-the-libor-banking-scandal-20120703

... efficiency of markets, more recent ...

Math, leverage and risk
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/NF20Dj03.html?goback=.gmp_127198.gde_127198_member_126300363

from above:
Benoit Mandelbrot, in his 2004 The Misbehavior of Markets, had pointed them out with mathematical elegance we could not hope to match (Mandelbrot had pointed out flaws in the emerging underlying theory as early as 1962).

... snip ...

The (MIS)Behavior Of Markets
http://www.amazon.com/The-Misbehavior-Markets-Turbulence-ebook/dp/B004PYDBEO

although
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benoit_Mandelbrot
Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, after 35 years and 12 days, when IBM decided to end pure research in his division.

... snip ...

this came up in discussion in (linkedin) "Greater IBM" (current & former employees) discussion about "Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw" ... closed group but my posts archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#48
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65

disclaimer: I was originally in IBM san jose research ... but was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s ... and then as punishment for that and a few other things got transferred to yorktown research (where mendelbrot was) ... they left me in san jose and I had offices at several locations around san jose area ... but had to commute to New York a couple times a month.

"Why Nations Fail" spends quite a bit of time on Scottish influence on America (bottom up & inclusive ... contrasted to english "top-down", exclusive society).
http://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8

Fiske (set of history lectures from 1880s) says that if it weren't for the Scottish immigrant influence from the mid-atlantic states, the US form of government would have been quite different (from that being pushed by the english immigrants).

"Quiet"
http://www.amazon.com/Quiet-Power-Introverts-Talking-ebook/dp/B004J4WNL2

observes that the US has suffered from the rise of the "cult of personality" during the last century ... at the expense of "character" (and morals)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
Blog: Greater IBM
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#81 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?

I think there was lobbying of congress (not just IBM) in the mid-90s to change how employee retirement funds were treated ... moving it to "asset" column really giving boost to the bottom line ... as well as big boost to senior executive compensation.

A decade ago, we were in London for meeting with Lloyd's CEO and principles insuring electronic transactions (giving presentation on kinds of fraud, countermeasures, and how crooks could try to get around countermeasures). During the meeting my wife started having trouble with words and we were afraid it was a stroke. Within 3hrs had CAT scan and consult with top expert ... that ruled out stroke (diagnosed as kind of migraine w/o pain, something she had never had before). All done on NHS and we never saw a bill.

Congress has been described as most corrupt institution on earth ... local washington dc papers periodically refer to it as Kabuki Theater ... what you see is all facade (appearance of conflict about passing some legislation is done to increase money coming in ... on all sides).

I was co-author of financial industry privacy standard (x9.99) and as part of draft, had meetings with people from various government agencies on their privacy efforts (like IRS). Since financial statements could include medical related information ... also had meetings with people involved in HIPAA ... included people that had been involved with original draft act in the early 70s. They pointed out that it took decades for congress to actually pass HIPAA ... and even then they kept postponing any penalties/requirements for institutions that failed to implement provisions ... and then kept postponing security requirements for actually protecting patient data.

We were tangentially involved in the cal. data breach notification act ... having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. electronic signature act. Several of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed, in-depth surveys and the #1 issue was "identity theft" ... primarily "account fraud" (resulting in fraudulent financial transactions) as a result of breaches ... where nothing was being done (normal security countermeasures are for self-protection, in the case of institutions with breaches, they weren't at risk ... its the publics' accounts that are at risk). There was hope that the publicity from notifications would prompt institutions to take corrective action. In the decade plus since the cal. act, there have been dozens of fed. bills introduced ... about equally divided between being the same as cal. act and cleverly worded bills that effectively eliminate notification requirements (generating lots of money being spread around capital hill).

Cal was also about ready to pass an "opt-in" privacy bill (institutions can only share personal information with written authorization from the individual) when GLBA passed. GLBA had several provisions (better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall ... enabling too-big-to-fail) including federal preemption "opt-out" privacy provision (institutions can share personal information unless they have record of the individual objecting). 2004, annual national privacy conference in DC, there is panel discussion with all the FTC commissioners ... somebody in the audience asks if they are going to do anything about GLBA "opt-out" ... they explain they are involved in call-center technology and claim that none of the financial institution 1-800 "opt-out" call lines have any provisions for recording details of any call (effectively nullifying ability to opt-out). The FTC commissioners just ignored the question.

GAO Blasts CMS on Contractor Controls
http://homecaremag.com/news/cms-contractor-controls-deficiencies-20091202/

from above:
In yet another blistering report on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Government Accountability Office found that 84.3 percent of the contract awards and modifications made by CMS in 2008 did not include a "key control" that would be a barrier to fraud, waste, abuse and mismanagement.

... snip ...

article about NY state ...
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/18/nyregion/18medicaid.html?pagewanted=all

from above:
James Mehmet, who retired in 2001 as chief state investigator of Medicaid fraud and abuse in New York City, said he and his colleagues believed that at least 10 percent of state Medicaid dollars were spent on fraudulent claims, while 20 or 30 percent more were siphoned off by what they termed abuse, meaning unnecessary spending that might not be criminal. "So we're talking about 40 percent of all claims are questionable," Mr. Mehmet said - an amount that would approach $18 billion a year.

... snip ...

it mentions spending twice the amount per person as the national average. Other references are that NY state spends three times the national average and twice that of the next highest state.

Note one of the reasons that federal stimulus funds didn't have more effect ... was that a lot of states and counties were experiencing revenue shortfall with the economic mess and the bubble bursting ... there were numerous places where the stimulus funds resulted in being used effectively for covering medicaid payments; delaying states needing to adjust their spending to match revenue (their shortfall, the stimulus fund amount, and the size of medicaid budget being similar). For practical purposes even tho medicaid is supposedly 50% federal and 50% state ... their use of stimulus funds managed to effectively turn it into 100% federal (including places like NY state mentioned above).

Detroit has a whole slew of problems. In the early 80s, there was article (washington post?) calling for 100% unearned profit tax on the US auto industry. Supposedly the import quotas was to reduce competition, providing US auto industry with enormous unearned profit ... which was suppose to be used to completely remake themselves. They obviously didn't, just pocketing the money and continued business as usual. Circa 1990, the industry had "C4 taskforce" looking to completely remake themselves, they were planning on heavily using technology so representatives from technology vendors were included in the meetings. They could clearly articulate the competition issues and what they needed to change ... however, again they just continued business as usual and didn't change (even after the latest round still not that significant a change). One of the issue was elapsed time for product was running 7-8 years and with technology starting to change there was lots of frequent expensive rework that had to be done during the development cycle. Foreign competition had cut the product development elapsed time in half and were on the verge of cutting in half again. Offline I would chide the mainframe brethren attendees about how could they expect to contribute since they had similar long development cycle.

One of the things they did do in the last decade was restructured the business so that very little profit showed up from directly selling cars and nearly all the profit showed as coming from auto loans. Last decade, other US manufacturing companies also restructured so that much of their bottom line showed up as coming from financial services operations.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

weird ... "LinkedIn Today: See all Top Headlines for You" ... just put this up:

The Secret Power Of Introverts
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoudreau/2012/01/26/the-secret-power-of-introverts/

which is (old) article (from January) on the book I just mentioned above ... the article focuses more on the extrovert/introvert contrast ... but doesn't mention the discussion about the rise of "cult of personality" at the expense of "character"

from nobel prize winner in economics: "Thinking Fast and Slow"
http://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-and-Slow-ebook/dp/B00555X8OA

Since then, my questions about the stock market have hardened into a larger puzzle: a major industry appears to be built largely on an illusion of skill. Billions of shares are traded every day, with many people buying each stock and others selling it to them

... snip ...

note that Mendelbrot basically says something similar ... but going more far afield: Ramachandran "The Tell-Tale Brain: A Neuroscientist's Quest for What Makes Us Human"
http://www.amazon.com/Tell-Tale-Brain-Neuroscientists-Quest-ebook/dp/B004HW6AGA

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

TSO is oxymoron ... similar to SNA ... I had added 2741&TTY support to HASP (initially on MVT-R18) with an editor that implemented cp67/cms editor syntax (no direct port since the CMS and HASP programming environments were totally different) ... as a form of CRJE ... which I considered far superior to TSO ... but didn't consider it interactive computing.

I recently did a post in ibm-main about 3277 versus 3278 and vm/cms versus TSO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#74

where neither 3278 nor TSO could be considered interactive computing.

One thing that virtual machine based online commercial service bureaus did starting in the late 60s (I know of nothing similar for TSO) somewhat related to cloud ... lots of stuff for 7x24 online availability, peak-load provisioning, encouraging load for offshift. and minimizing off-shift (light load costs) ... including things like running dark room w/o requiring an operator in the building.

a trivial example was the cpu meter ... machines used to be leased and charges based on cpu meter. there was a lot of work done to allow cpu meter to stop (ran whenever the cpu was running and/or there was any channel program) ... but still have the system available for incoming characters. One of the characteristics of the cpu meter was that it everything had to be completely idle for at least 400ms before it actually come to a stop. Contrast that with TSO platform ... at least well after conversion from lease to purchase in the 70s ... they still had a time-event that woke up every 400ms (guaranteed to keep cpu meter running even if there was nothing else going on).

The issue about the cpu meter was if it was a commercial service bureau going after a purely online interactive market .... was that when things started out ... most use was purely 1st shift weekdays ... encouraging 7x24 operation required being available 7x24 ... even when there otherwise wasn't any use. Totally different economics if the systems are already running 7x24 batch and looking at siphoning off part of the capacity for online. Other online commercial service bureau early enhancements for 7x24 was loosely-coupled, single-system image with transparent process migration allowing systems to be non-disruptively taken offline for service&maintenance (this was decades before similar capability showed up in batch systems). misc. past posts mentioning commerical online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

The higher price charged for z196 technology is typically associated with higher valued processes and data (many of them legacy). Even IBM's base price for e5-2600 blade technology (now commonly found in cloud implementations) is approx. six orders of magnitude less (a couple dollars per BIPS vis-a-vis over half-million per BIPS). This is major change in cost structure making it cost effective to process enormous quantities of much lower value data (in large part enabling the whole "big data" genre) ... there is some quote about at some point a big enough quantitative difference becoming qualitative.

out-of-order has been a risc feature for decades and has been one of the major performance comparison between risc processors and i86 processors. However all the current generation i86 processors are now risc processors with hardware layer translating i86 instructions into risc micro-ops for actual execution ... negating most of the past risc/i86 performance differences.

out-of-order is part of the performance improvement from z10 to z196 ... but that still only gets fully populated, max. configured z196 to 50BIPS aggregate ... compared to e5-2600 at 527BIPS (factor of over 11 and half times) ... and the newer e5-4600 is projected to be over 1TIPS (aka e5-4600 blade at over 20 times a maximum configured, fully populated z196) ... aka the z196 out-of-order demonstrates increased throughput compared to previous z10 ... put hardly compares to how well it is leveraged in other technologies.

other recent posts mentioning e5-2600:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#64 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#3 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#4 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#94 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#99 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#105 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#4 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#7 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#36 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#38 Should IBM allow the use of Hercules as z system emulator?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#4 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#35 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#52 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#62 What are your experiences with Amdahl Computers and Plug-Compatibles?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#88 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

recent posts mentioning TPC-C benchmarks which include cost/transaction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#23 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?

"Think You Know The Mainframe?" is my posts from discussion in the (linkedin closed) Greater IBM (current & former employees).

current #1 has 30+M tpmC at $1.01/TPC-C ... no mainframe anywhere on the list
http://www.tpc.org/tpcc/results/tpcc_perf_results.asp

this is older report about IBM Power6 with 6M tpmC being equivalent to 40,000 mainframe mips about 10,000 more mainframe MIPS than z10 (fully configured z10 at 30BIPS) www.metaware.fr/nl/page/?page=18

which would peg a fully configured z196 at 50BIPS around 7.5tpmC (w/o saying anything about the cost/TPC-C)

As mentioned in the Greater IBM discussion, I worked with Jim on the original relational/sql implementation ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

... he then went on later to be one of the primary people behind formation of TPC
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp
and
http://www.tpc.org/

NOTE the metaware url has somehow gone 404 in the past four weeks and is also not showing up at the wayback machine. they apparently recently re-orged their site and trimmed to 2009
http://www.metaware.fr/Newsroom/Page-2.html

oh and ibm has an x3850 x5 http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/x/hardware/enterprise/x3850x5/

on the list with 3+M tpmC at .59/TPC-C ... lowest cost/TPC-C among the top ten ... but still no mainframe

max z10 to max z196 went from 30BIPS to 50BIPS (2/3 increase) .... part of that was going from 64 to 80 processors (1/4 increase ... gets to 37.5BIPS) and part of it was higher MIPS/chip (aka from 37.5BIPS to 50BIPS) with things like out-of-order.

The z9 numbers list nearly $50/TPC ... compared to low of 77cents/TPC for non-mainframe.
http://www.itjungle.com/bns/bns112707-story01.html

One of the issues regarding TPC price/performance ... is while mainframe may be charging a six orders of magnitude premium on processing power ... the disks are effectively all the same across all the machines. mainframe disks haven't been manufactured for decades ... instead CKD is simulated (i.e. the favorite son operating system never being able to move from CKD) with common FBA disks. There is a premium charged for that CKD simulation ... but no where close to the premium charged for mainframe processing BIPS. misc. past posts mentioning ckd, fba, multi-track seek, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 04 Jul 2012 17:44:03
hancock4 writes:
Did the mainframe world ever have to worry about malicious viruses?

I think if anyone tried to one a malicious batch program the operating system would catch it. For online, I think CICS would catch it.


traditional batch systems didn't allow importing of arbitrary executables. production software typically required extensive review and testing before moving to production.

for decades, CICS didn't have any protection that different transactions accidentially didn't do something bad ... relied on rigid change management process (reviews & testing) ... there was no arbitrary introduction of random executable.

there is the folklore about one of the too-big-to-fail outsourcing y2k remediation of critical financial processing to lowest bidder ... only to find out much later it contained creatively constructed backdoors ... and on finally getting around to investigation, determined that the lowest bidder was front for a criminal organization.

bitnet had a the xmas "exec" in 1987 (almost exactly a year before the internet "morris" worm). The xmas "exec" was "social engineering" ... since it required that the user explicitly execute the file (after receiving it) ... compared to "morris" worm which didn't require any human action at the victim machine.

xmas exec (by Joe Morris):
http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Risks/5.81.html#subj1

from vmshare archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=CHRISTMA&ft=PROB

bitnet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

morris worm (nov88)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_worm

past posts mentioning bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 04 Jul 2012 20:32:26
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
For some values of "extensive review." Many of the places I worked (DOS shops mostly) the review consisted of "this looks right, let's go with it." I don't think anyone I worked with would have considered back doors and such, though I may be just naive. There was an urban legend about a programmer for a bank who wrote a program to add interest to savings accounts. He took all the fractions of cents rounded off and credited the total to his own account.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#90 Operating System, what is it?

early 80s, majority of exploits at financial institutions were (still) by insiders ... and as countermeasure, multi-party transactions were created ... so the crooks were countering with collusion ... which was starting to see evoluation of collusion countermeasures.

with the rise of the internet connectivity ... it would became ambiguous whether any specific exploit was insider or outsider ... although detailed studies claimed that at least 70% of exploits still involved insiders in one way or another (and would leverage the ambiguity about possible outsider as obfuscation).

NIST role-based security was somewhat motivated by requirement for multi-party transactions ... detailed study of permissions were evaluated and then subsets of permissions assigned to different roles ... with objective of making sure no single individual would have necessary permissions (aka roles) to complete transaction by themselves.
http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/rbac/

in the mid-90s we had some discussion with the guys at NIST ... one of the problems/issues was setting up the permission/role sets would fail to account for all real-world situations ... and as a result a single individual might be allowed multiple roles. The original analysis regarding permission partitioning frequently no longer was available ... and there could be violation where single individual now has necessary permissions to complete various transactions (presumed to require multiple parties).

misc. past posts mentioning insiders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#44 Identity Theft More Often an Inside Job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#58 Time to ID Identity-Theft Solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#1 Who's afraid of Mallory Wolf?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#12 Tackling security threats from within
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm14.htm#28 Maybe It's Snake Oil All the Way Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#38 Study: ID theft usually an inside job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#39 The future of security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#47 authentication and authorization ... addenda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#50 authentication and authorization (was: Question on the state of the security industry)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm17.htm#60 Using crypto against Phishing, Spoofing and Spamming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#6 dual-use digital signature vulnerability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#29 EMV cards as identity cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm18.htm#49 one more time now, Leading Cause of Data Security breaches Are Due to Insiders, Not Outsiders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#17 What happened with the session fixation bug?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm19.htm#19 "SSL stops credit card sniffing" is a correlation/causality myth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#2 GP4.3 - Growth and Fraud - Case #3 - Phishing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#3 GP4.3 - Growth and Fraud - Case #3 - Phishing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#27 Meccano Trojans coming to a desktop near you
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#33 Meccano Trojans coming to a desktop near you
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm22.htm#36 Unforgeable Blinded Credentials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#0 Separation of Roles - an example
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#9 PGP "master keys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#10 PGP "master keys"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm23.htm#44 ThreatWatch - markets in loss, Visa's take, 419 "chairmen"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#5 New ISO standard aims to ensure the security of financial transactions on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#7 Naked Payments IV - let's all go naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#10 Naked Payments IV - let's all go naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#36 Interesting bit of a quote
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm24.htm#48 more on FBI plans new Net-tapping push
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#13 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#41 Why security training is really important (and it ain't anything to do with security!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#7 Citibank e-mail looks phishy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#31 The bank fraud blame game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#52 more on firing your MBA-less CSO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#53 Doom and Gloom spreads, security revisionism suggests "H6.5: Be an adept!"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm27.htm#60 Retailers try to push data responsibilities back to banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#76 How do you define 'privileged access'?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

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From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#87 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

if you take Mendelbrot and Kahneman comments about there isn't skill then about the only thing left is

'For you ... anything.' Barclays Libor emails paint ugly picture
http://buzz.money.cnn.com/2012/07/04/barclays-libor-email/

from above:
Ever feel like the financial markets are simply a rigged game where the house (i.e. the world's largest banks) always win? Reading text messages and emails between traders at Barclays (BCS) about their often successful attempts to manipulate global benchmarks for interest rates will only reinforce that belief.

... snip ...

LIBOR Banking Scandal Deepens; Barclays Releases Damning Email, Implicates British Government
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/libor-banking-scandal-deepens-barclays-releases-damning-email-implicates-british-government-20120704

Mandelbrot writes that Black-Scholes provided the basis for start of trading on "volatility" (and/or turbulence) ... it didn't correctly depict the circumstances but it started things down that path. Besides libor ... there are things like this
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

where it is common to take a position and then things are nudged in that direction ... and nobody has to worry about SEC

Taibbi has chapter here
http://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America/dp/0385529953

on commodity markets having rule about players required to have substantial position in commodity in order to play ... because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price swings. Then 19 "secret" letters are issued allowing specific speculators to play ... resulting in wild, irrational price swings ... in specific example was oil spiking well over $100 summer of 2008. Another example of promoting volatility, making bets when results are controlled.

misc. past posts mentioning Griftopia:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#59 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#6 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#7 What banking is. (Essential for predicting the end of finance as we know it.)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#21 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#90 CFTC Limits on Commodity Speculation May Wait Until Early 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#17 Hey all you Old Geeks (and younger ones too), with gas heading towards $6.00/gal, remote support, satellite offices and home office will become more cost effective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#40 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#46 Sand in Machine Makes a Stable Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#76 FIA shocked and outraged after Senator leaks oil trading data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#89 The Grand Message in the Conceptual Spiral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#21 HOLLOW STATES and a CRISIS OF CAPITALISM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#18 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#47 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#61 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#130 vampires in financial infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#144 Fingerspitzengefühl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#84 A Conversation with Peter Thiel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#61 Why Republicans Aren't Mentioning the Real Cause of Rising Prices at the Gas Pump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#79 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Operating System, what is it?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Operating System, what is it?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 05 Jul 2012 08:18:29
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
At Cambridge when the Titan was there students were encouraged to attack the OS, success was something to go and tell a faculty member about and collect your reward (up to and including faculty membership) - it would almost certainly result in you getting involved in closing the hole you found.

Then the Titan was replaced by a 370, very soon things changed. Attacking the OS was no longer encouraged, it was *far* too easy a target to be considered clever, indeed it was sufficiently fragile for attacking it to be considered *stupid*, sufficiently so to get you kicked off the computer. There was however a very useful library of utilities (produced apparently by the astronomy society), dating from the early days of the 370, that exploited holes carefully. They were frowned on and could get you in trouble, but as long as you didn't play with any of the more disruptive toys^Wtools nobody much cared if you kept a copy around.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#90 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#91 Operating System, what is it?

cp67 service (and later vm370) at the cambridge science center had access by non-employees from various boston/cambridge area institutions of higher learning (including students). misc. past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

there were (at least) two relatively high profile corporate efforts that required super-high security ... even with all the non-employees.

one was the virtual memory 370 activity ... and virtual memory for 370 hadn't yet been announced. there was joint effort with endicott to develop 370 (virtual memory) virtual machine running under cp67 on real 360/67 ... this was also one of the early production uses of the networking support. because of the requirement to not leak any information about 370 virtual memory ... the modified cp67 (supporting virtual memory 370 virtual machines) ran in a virtual 360/67 virtual machine (as opposed to the bare hardware which might have leaked details to non-employee users).

then additional set of cp67 modifications for running on 370 virtual memory hardware (as opposed to 360/67 virtual memory hardware) ... and that cp67(i) ran in a 370 virtual machine of the cp67(h) system ... which was run in a 360/67 virtual machine of the cp67(l) system ... which ran on the real hardware. The cp67(i) was in regular use for a year before real 370 engineering machine with virtual memory was operation (in fact, booting cp67(i) was used as test case for the engineering machine).

the other issue was that the science center had ported apl\360 to cp67/cms for cms\apl ... part involved redoing storage management for running in "large" virtual memory (aka mbytes, normal apl\360 workspaces were limited to 16kbyes or in some cases 32kbytes) and another was implementation of an API that allowed access to cms services (like file i/o, apl\360 was limited to all input/output via terminal). These changes opened up apl to use on large, real-world applications. An early use of cms\apl on the cambridge system was by business planners in Armonk implementing business models ... using the holiest and most valuable corporate asset ... list of all customer details (loaded on the cambridge system).

While there weren't incidents of security being compromised there was an incident of an MIT student once discovering something that caused the cp67 system to go into tight loop requiring reboot (denial of service attack). About an hour after the first time, it happened a second time ... by that time we had identified the problem and who was doing it. The student was contacted and told if they did it again their access would be revoked. They did it again and their access was revoked. They then went to their advisor to complain that we shouldn't be allowed to turn off his access (to non-MIT, IBM corporate system), just because he was constantly crashing the system.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 05 July, 2012
Subject: Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#87 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor

note reference in the CNN MONEY article to CFTC and activities all through the last decade. This is also part of the AIG meltdown where derivatives (now $800TRILLION) were prevented from being regulated.

Born (head of CFTC) had proposal to do it ... but Greenspan, Rubin and Levitt step in.
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601109&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I

Born is replaced by Gramm's wife as head of CFTC, while Gramm gets provision passed keeping derivatives unregulated. on times list of those responsible for the financial mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

Gramm's wife then resigns and joins Enron board
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html

where she is on the audit committee
http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/

recent posts mentioning Gramm & CFTC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#84 A Conversation with Peter Thiel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#31 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#5 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#61 Why Republicans Aren't Mentioning the Real Cause of Rising Prices at the Gas Pump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#69 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#30 Senators Who Voted Against Ending Big Oil Tax Breaks Received Millions From Big Oil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#41 Why Are the Fed and SEC Keeping Wall Street's Secrets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#69 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#28 REPEAL OF GLASS-STEAGALL DID NOT CAUSE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS - WHAT DO YOU THINK?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#59 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#67 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#79 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#36 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#82 Interesting News Article

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com (Lynn Wheeler)
Date: 04 July, 2012
Subject: Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
Blog: Mainframe Experts
re:
http://lnkd.in/QhQ73A
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#11 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#84 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#88 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#89 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?

some number of the CTSS IBM 7094 people went to the 5th flr 545 tech sq and did multics ... folklore is that unix is simplified version of multics. others from ctss went to the 4th flr science center, and did virtual machines, initially cp40 on specially modified 360/40, which morphed into cp67 when 360/67 with virtual memory became available (as well as lots of interactive stuff, performance work that also evolves into capacity planning, invents gml ... which morphs into sgml and then later morphs html). cp67 also morphs into vm370 at 545 tech sq.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

the internal network was done at the science center ... and was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until late 85 or early 86 (growth started dropping off about the time that there was rising internal pressure to convert internal network to sna).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

this is reference to person responsible for the internal network at the science center visiting arpanet people (in the mid-70s) and giving a description of what would become internet. 1Jan1983 was the change-over from aparnet to internetworking protocol.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks
In 1976, MIT Professor Jerry Saltzer accompanied Hendricks to DARPA, where Henricks described his innovations to the principal scientist, Dr. Vinton P. Cerf. From that point on, Vint and other DARPA scientists adopted Hendricks' connectionless approach. The result developed into the Internet as we know it today.

... snip ...

The original mainframe tcp/ip product was done on vm370 in vs/pascal and was later ported to MVS by a hack that added simulation for some necessary vm370 functions to MVS. Communication group (SNA faction) felt threatened in various ways and implementation was severely crippled ... getting about 44kbytes/sec throughput using 3090 processor. I did the modifications to support RFC1044 and in some tuning testing at Cray research between a 4341 and cray, I got channel speed throughput using only modest amount of 4341 (possibly factor of 500 times improvement in bytes/moved per instruction executed).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

Much later the communication group subcontracted for tcp/ip implementation in vtam. the resulting implementation was much faster than lu6.2. The communication group told the subcontractor that everybody knows that a *proper* implementation of tcp/ip is much slower than lu6.2 (not faster) and the communication group would only be paying for a *proper* implementation.

before windows there was ms-dos
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS
before ms-dos there was seattle computer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Computer_Products
before seattle computer there was cp/m
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/M
and before cp/m, kildall worked on cp/67 (cms) at npg (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20071011100440/http://www.khet.net/gmc/docs/museum/en_cpmName.html

for other topic drift, a lot of mainframe channel is myth (comparable to there hasn't been CKD for decades except for simulation required by MVS since it hasn't been able to support modern disk technology). originally 3090 was configured assuming channel busy of 3830 disk controller but with 3mbyte/sec transfer (instead of 300kbyte/sec transfer). However the 3880 controller had special hardware path for data transfers but a much slower processor for commands and other gorp ... drastically driving up channel busy time ... coupled with half-duplex architecture resulted in not being able to get necessary workload throughput ... w/o drastically increasing the number of channels and spreading the controllers across them. This also required extra TCMs for 3090 manufacturing and there was joke about 3090 group charging the 3880 group for the increased cost of manufacturing. This was major source of the myth about large number of channels (effectively to obfuscate a major throughput deficiency).

Current generation of mainframe FICON effectively started in the late 80s with effort to standardize LLNL non-blocking switch as fiber-channel standard. Part of the design was that there was no half-duplex, end-to-end busy operation. Native operation of FCS for disk I/O was busy purely for duration of transfers ... and allowing asynchronous transfers concurrently in both directions. It was in the early/mid 90s that some number of the POK channel engineers got involved trying to layer half-duplex mainframe channel inefficiencies on top of underlying FCS operation (I have a bunch of old standards group mailing list stuff archived on the discord). I've included a little in this LLNL related post in "Greater IBM" discussion:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#47 ..
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#54

this is reference to meeting in Ellison's conference room early Jan92 about doing 128-way with FCS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Base FCS throughput is the actual data transfers needed in each direction ... and not the horrendous half-duplex busy overhead that necessitated the myth about enormous numbers of mainframe "channels".

One of the things that possibly contributed to the cluster scaleup being transferred end of Jan92 and being told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (a couple weeks later it was announced for scientific/numeric-intensive only) ... was the mainframe DB2 group complaining if I was allowed to go ahead ... I would be a minimum of five years ahead of where they are.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

for other trivia, original relational/sql was done on 370/145 vm370 system in bldg. 28 during the 70s. there was technology transfer from bldg. 28 to endicott for sql/ds ... attributed to the corporation was pre-occupied with getting out EAGLE. When EAGLE failed ... there then was request how fast could it be ported to MVS ... which eventually was announced as DB2 (for decision support) ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

... note there is nothing about being theoretically impossible to implement/deploy cloud-like services on mainframe platform. however a major issue is if you look at where google is claiming it is positioning itself in the cloud market to compete with amazon ... it will be based on price/performance. by nearly any measure, mainframe is ten to hundred thousand times worse price/performance.

IBM rates Z9 at 17.8BIPS (from which the tpc benchmark comes up with nearly $50/TPM) compared to Z10 at 30BIPS and Z196 at 50BIPS .... so regardless of the technology minutia ... Z196 is less than three times that of Z9.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970




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