List of Archived Posts

2015 Newsgroup Postings (02/08 - 03/20)

S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
do you blame Harvard for Putin
do you blame Harvard for Putin
About This Project: Swiss Leaks
Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
do you blame Harvard for Putin
OT: article on foreign outsourcing
Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
OT: article on foreign outsourcing
Oracle Sparc M7
Feds Hold Hearing On Whether They Should "Regulate" Sites Like Zero Hedge
Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
Keydriven bit permutations
President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Keydriven bit permutations
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
$2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
Hackers stole from 100 banks and rigged ATMs to spew cash
Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
The joy of simplicity?
The joy of simplicity?
The joy of simplicity?
What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Larry Summers
OT: article on foreign outsourcing
Ten Banks, Including JPM, Goldman, Deutsche, Barclays, SocGen And UBS, Probed For Gold Rigging
Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
Alphabet
Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
OS/360
New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives
Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
IBM's One Hundred Year History Is About Cash, Culture and Mutualism
OT: swiss franc
Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
National Security and Double Government
Do we really?
New Principles of Operation (and Vector Facility for z/Architecture)
Economics of Mainframe Technology
Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
A-10
ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Do we really?
Do we really?
Past and Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Why do we have wars?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Why do we have wars?
Do we really?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
House Republican budget: There's a mysterious $1.1 trillion in spending cuts in the House GOP's budget
Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

S&L Crisis and Economic Mess

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: bush41 & busch43
Date: 08 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
head of CIA was replaced with somebody that would go along with Team B numbers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
replacement CIA director then is VP ... at one point claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black

Note the economic mess has had no criminal referrals and nobody doing jail time, even though it was 70 times larger than the S&L crises which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions.

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, but without triple-A rating they had limited market. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

There are reports as a result of large public&private pension funds dealing in triple-A rated toxic securitized loans/mortgages, they loose 20-30% value .... which is contributing factor in claims that pensions are now underfunded by trillions of dollars.

One of the side-effects was as investors became aware that "triple-A ratings" were available for sale (and might not be trusted), it froze the muni-bond market. warren buffett steps in and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market (possibly aware that "triple-A ratings" sales was confined to the securitized loan market).

Also from the law of unintended consequences of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, the too big to fail later are involved in setting up large robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures.

Other activities related to "triple-A ratings" for sale was that they would start packaging toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for "triple-A rating", sell to their customers and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail. This also created an enormous demand for dodgy loans.

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
toxic CDOs posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

do you blame Harvard for Puten

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: do you blame Putin on Harvard
Date: 08 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10205128103777845

Fareed Zakaria, Ukraine&Russia, 8Feb2015
https://www.facebook.com/fareedzakaria/posts/10152501410736330

do you blame Putin on Harvard (rising out of the chaos)

John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

loc1124:
The actual content of the military doctrine of 1993 reflected the Yeltsin administration's hopes for a strategic partnership with the West and presented a relatively benign picture of the external security environment confronting Russia

... snip ..

Some of the same people responsible for the economic mess

The Warren Brief
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all
Larry Summers explains Washington to Elizabeth Warren in one sentence:

"In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.'"


... snip ...

channeling "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "Economic Hit Man"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

do you blame Harvard for Putin

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: do you blame Harvard for Putin
Date: 08 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Putin

Gerstner is in competition to be the next CEO of amex and wins. The looser leaves, takes his protege and goes to baltimore and acquires what has been described as a loan sharking business. they make some number of other acquisitions eventually acquiring citibank in violation of glass-steagall. greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby washington for repeal of glass-steagall. they enlist some number of people in washington, including the sec. of treasury to get the repeal added to GLBA. Once that is done the sec. of treasury resigns and joins Citi ... as what was described at the time as co-operating officer. Note prior to becoming Sec. of treasury, he had run Goldman-Sachs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin

The secretary of treasury is replaced by his protege, Larry Summers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers

another reference:
http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/127107/jon-corzine-as-treasury-secretary-would-create-goldman-sachs-royal-house/
and
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/277-75/19459-larry-summers-goldman-sacked
above references Summers constantly asking Rubin about what would Goldman think when it came to gov. policies.

Geithner is described as protege of both Rubin and Summers, and is head of NYFED last decade while Rubin is at Citi during the financial mess and another former head of Goldman-Sachs is the current secretary of treasury ... who then also ran TARP. Note while the Warren reference is to her TARP commission reports, it may have been even able to have more criticism.

AIG Bailout Trial Bombshell III: Paulson Lied to Congress About TARP
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/10/aig-bailout-trial-bombshell-iii-paulson-lied-to-congress-about-tarp.html

AIG was negotiating to pay off derivative/CDS gambling bets at 50-60cents on the dollar. The sec. of treasury steps in and declares that illegal and forces AIG to take TARP funds in order to pay off at face value (biggest beneficiary was the company he previously headed up) and sign document that AIG couldn't sue those making the CDS gambling bets.

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
Greenspan, fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

recent posts mentioning derivative/CDS gambling bets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#48 The 17 Equations That Changed The Course Of History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#90 NY Judge Slams Wells Fargo For Forging Documents... And Why Nothing Will Change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess

past posts mentioning Rubin and/or Paulson:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#4 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#12 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#67 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#68 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#76 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#39 Why do Banks lend poorly in the sub-prime market? Because they are not in Banking!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#41 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#75 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#76 When risks go south: FM&FM to be nationalized
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#77 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#55 Who will give Citigroup the KNOCKOUT blow?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#65 is it possible that ALL banks will be nationalized?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#10 Who will Survive AIG or Derivative Counterparty Risk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#16 The Formula That Killed Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#18 HSBC is expected to announce a profit, which is good, what did they do differently?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#28 I need insight on the Stock Market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#42 Bernard Madoff Is Jailed After Pleading Guilty -- are there more "Madoff's" out there?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#61 Quiz: Evaluate your level of Spreadsheet risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#62 Is Wall Street World's Largest Ponzi Scheme where Madoff is Just a Poster Child?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#63 Do bonuses foster unethical conduct?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#73 Should Glass-Steagall be reinstated?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#0 What is swap in the financial market?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#13 Should we fear and hate derivatives?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#23 Should FDIC or the Federal Reserve Bank have the authority to shut down and take over non-bank financial institutions like AIG?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#35 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#29 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#7 Just posted third article about toxic assets in a series on the current financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#33 Treating the Web As an Archive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#17 REGULATOR ROLE IN THE LIGHT OF RECENT FINANCIAL SCANDALS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#60 In the USA "financial regulator seeks power to curb excess speculation."
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#84 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#77 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#61 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#23 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#52 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#53 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#54 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#27 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#28 Our Pecora Moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#32 In the News: SEC storms the 'Castle'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#67 The Python and the Mongoose: it helps if you know the rules of engagement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#38 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#36 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#29 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#52 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#64 Are Americans serious about dealing with money laundering and the drug cartels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#41 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#54 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#74 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#2 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#41 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#62 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#28 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#31 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#5 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#57 speculation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#59 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#94 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#9 Sandy Weill's About-Face on Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#38 Four Signs Your Awesome Investment May Actually Be A Ponzi Scheme
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#65 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#58 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#59 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#63 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#23 AIG may join bailout lawsuit against U.S. government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#28 Neil Barofsky: Geithner Doctrine Lives on in Libor Scandal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#19 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#42 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#28 Flag bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#30 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#35 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#13 Jack Lew Shows His True Colors By Forcing Deregulation of Derivatives on the CFTC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#57 What the Orgy of "Lehman Five Years On" Stories Missed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#67 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#13 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#98 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#0 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#6 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#7 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#8 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#24 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#80 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#2 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#9 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#113 Follow the Money: How Finance Keeps the Whip Hand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#15 Instead of focusing on big fines, law enforcement should seek long prison terms for the responsible executives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#95 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#26 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#21 Senate Democrats vs. the Middle Class; Senators elected in 2008 made Obama's agenda possible, and its results have harmed most Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#33 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#73 The Watchdog that Didn't Bark ... Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#121 Presenting The $303 Trillion In Derivatives That US Taxpayers Are Now On The Hook For
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

About This Project: Swiss Leaks

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: About This Project: Swiss Leaks
Date: 09 Feb 2015
Blog: Linkedin
About This Project: Swiss Leaks
http://www.icij.org/project/swiss-leaks/about-project-swiss-leaks
Secret documents reveal that global banking giant HSBC profited from doing business with arms dealers who channeled mortar bombs to child soldiers in Africa, bag men for Third World dictators, traffickers in blood diamonds and other international outlaws, a new International Consortium of Investigative Journalists investigation has found.

... snip ...

2009 IRS announced it was going after 52,000 wealthy americans that owned $400B in unpaid taxes ... tax evasion by hiding money overseas. 2011 there was announcement by the new congressional house that they were cutting funds to the IRS unit responsible for going after that money. Since then there has been announcements about billion or two total fines against swiss banks, but nothing about the $400B. There has also been limited coverage about too big to fail (both US and non-US) repeated fined for money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists (but not shutdown and executives doing jailtime) ... aka too big to prosecute and too big to jail.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

This was last decade after the start of the century ... aka tax evasion ... over and above the new tax loopholes. 2010 CBO report had taxes reduced $6T (loopholes) and spending increased $6T over baseline budget, which had all federal debt gone by 2010, for $12T budget gap. This was after congress allowed fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (which required that spending not exceed revenue). Middle of last decade, comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they were savaging the budget).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
Date: 09 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/HX1GeBM3zhd

Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.amazon.com/Pay-Any-Price-Greed-Endless-ebook/dp/B00J76JPYK

Was trillion dollar invasion of Iraq just cover for several tens of billion dollar heist

It has people from the US disappearing tens of billions and then Iraqi oil revenue deposited in the US, disappearing. Makes it sound like Iraqi administration was set up as fall guy

channeling "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "Economic Hit Man"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

military-industrial-congressional complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
Date: 10 Feb 2015
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/swiss-leaks-lifts-veil-secretive-banking-system

from above:
Secret documents reveal that global banking giant HSBC profited from doing business with arms dealers who channeled mortar bombs to child soldiers in Africa, bag men for Third World dictators, traffickers in blood diamonds and other international outlaws, a new International Consortium of Investigative Journalists investigation has found.

... snip ...

About This Project: Swiss Leaks
http://www.icij.org/project/swiss-leaks/about-project-swiss-leaks

2009 IRS announced it was going after 52,000 wealthy americans that owned $400B in unpaid taxes ... tax evasion by hiding money overseas. 2011 there was announcement by the new congressional house that they were cutting funds to the IRS unit responsible for going after that money. Since then there has been announcements about billion or two total fines against swiss banks, but nothing about the $400B. There has also been limited coverage about too big to fail (both US and non-US) repeated fined for money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists (but not shutdown and executives doing jailtime) ... aka too big to prosecute and too big to jail.

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

S&P and the Puffery Defense
http://mathbabe.org/2015/02/04/sp-and-the-puffery-defense/

During the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the ratings agencies played in the economic mess ... one of the business news commented that the ratings agencies will likely avoid federal prosecution with the threat of downgrading federal rating.

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, but without triple-A rating they had limited market. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

There are reports as a result of large public&private pension funds dealing in triple-A rated toxic securitized loans/mortgages, they loose 20-30% value .... which is contributing factor in claims that pensions are now underfunded by trillions of dollars.

One of the side-effects was as investors became aware that "triple-A ratings" were available for sale (and might not be trusted), it froze the muni-bond market. warren buffett steps in and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market (possibly aware that "triple-A ratings" sales was confined to the securitized loan market).

Also from the law of unintended consequences of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, the too big to fail later are involved in setting up large robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures.

Other activities related to "triple-A ratings" for sale was that they would start packaging toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for "triple-A rating", sell to their customers and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail. This also created an enormous demand for dodgy loans.

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in glass-steagall and criminal convictions), lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time ... reference that the new congress might have appetite to do something. I worked on it for awhile and then got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all ... reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill

toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Pecora Hearings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Use Oct2008 congressional testimony to charge criminal conspiracy under RICO and ask for $80T triple damages.

do you blame Harvard for Putin??

John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html

from above:
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

loc1124:
The actual content of the military doctrine of 1993 reflected the Yeltsin administration's hopes for a strategic partnership with the West and presented a relatively benign picture of the external security environment confronting Russia

... snip ...

Some of the same people responsible for the economic mess (referencing report by Warren head of TARP commission)

The Warren Brief
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all

from above:
Larry Summers explains Washington to Elizabeth Warren in one sentence:

"In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.'"


... snip ...

channeling "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "Economic Hit Man"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

military-industrial-congressional complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

other recent icij posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#79 Kleptocrats hiding funds in US warned 'we will find you'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#95 How The Island Of Seychelles Became A Haven For Dirty Money
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#85 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#86 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#93 Brand-name companies' secret Luxembourg tax deals revealed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#9 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#8 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#3 About This Project: Swiss Leaks

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

do you blame Harvard for Putin

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: do you blame Harvard for Putin
Date: 11 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin

also Google+
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/P8qz1GoGowC
Will Putinism triumph?
http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/2014/08/04/will-putinism-triumph/

Note that just the four largest too big to fail were still holding $5.2T of toxic assets "off book" the end of 2008 (with Citi the worst case) ... also the protege from AMEX days has moved on and is head of one of the other too big to fail
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

How Wall Street, In Broad Daylight, Took Over The US Government
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-09/how-wall-street-broad-daylight-took-over-us-government

Geithner: "The End of Capitalism as We Know It"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/geithner-end-capitalism-know.html

from above:
Axelrod was "livid" when he found out that Geithner and [Larry] Summers "had quietly lobbied" against an amendment to the stimulus that would have restricted the payment of bonuses at firms that received bailout funds. Those bonuses had become a huge political sore point for the administration, but the finance guys argued that retroactive steps to claw back the money would have violated existing contracts.

"This would be the end of capitalism as we know it'"Geithner told Axelrod, to which Axelrod says he responded: '" hate to break the news, Mr. Secretary, but capitalism isn't trading very high right now."


... snip ...

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

recent related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#3 About This Project: Swiss Leaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system

other recent posts mentioning geithner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#8 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#80 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#2 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#0 Tim Geithner Redux - Here's the what American Bankers Association has to say on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#9 Tim Geithner Redux - Here's the what American Bankers Association has to say on the subject
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#21 Thomas Piketty Is Right About the Past and Wrong About the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#27 Jon Stewart Disembowels SecTreas Geithner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#46 Jon Stewart Disembowels SecTreas Geithner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#78 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#25 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#30 Qualitative Easing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#14 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#3 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#67 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#14 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#33 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#80 Companies on trial: are they 'too big to jail'?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: article on foreign outsourcing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: article on foreign outsourcing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 11:08:34 -0800
Alan Bowler <atbowler@thinkage.ca> writes:
The Roman Empire did not survive the changes brought on by a much smaller change in climate.

past post ("The Fall of the Roman Empire")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#23 PC industry is heading for more change

was that Rome was living off economic power house in North Africa, used it to tributes/bribes for barbarians to keep off the borders in europe and cut the taxes on the wealthy, got so carried away that they transferred garrison troops in north africa as cost cutting.

gauls crossed over from spain and took the lightly defended area from the west ... with drastic consequence for the economy. They tried putting taxes back on the wealthy ... but it wasn't enough.

also pg28
As late as AD 249 there were still only 250 senior bureaucratic functionaries in the entire Empire. By the year 400, just 150 years later, there were 6,000. Most operated at the major imperial headquarters from which the key frontiers were supervised: not in Rome, therefore, but, depending on the emperor, at Trier and/or Milan for the Rhine, Sirmium or increasingly Constantinople for the Danube, and Antioch for the east. It was no longer the Senate of Rome, but the comitatensian commanders, concentrated on key frontiers, and the senior bureaucrats, gathered in the capitals from which these frontiers were administered, who settled the political fate of the Empire.

pg281:loc5061-63
THE REVENUE SURPLUS from North Africa was essential for balancing the imperial books. Without it, the west could never have afforded armed forces large enough to defend its other, more exposed territories. Not only in Africa, but everywhere in the Roman west, predatory immigrants had been left to pursue their own agendas largely unhindered since the death of Constantius in 421

... snip ...

another account has aggravating factor as warming climate, increased the northern growing season ... able to feed larger/growing barbarian population along those borders.

other posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#24 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#37 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#81 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#86 Can America Win Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#5 HP splits, again

reference to the warmer climate allowed Norse to establish settlements in Greenland a century after settlement of Iceland ... but then cooling climate resulted in having to abandon them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#79 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
Date: 12 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://davidstockmanscontracorner.com/shoot-bank-of-america-now-the-case-for-super-glass-steagall-is-overwhelming/

Pecora Hearings &/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

do you blame Harvard for Putin??

John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html

Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1050

loc1124:
The actual content of the military doctrine of 1993 reflected the Yeltsin administration's hopes for a strategic partnership with the West and presented a relatively benign picture of the external security environment confronting Russia

... snip ..

Some of the same people responsible for the economic mess (referencing report by Warren head of TARP commission)

The Warren Brief
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all
Larry Summers explains Washington to Elizabeth Warren in one sentence:
In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.'

... snip ...

channeling "War is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
and "Economic Hit Man"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial-congressional complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Gerstner is in competition to be the next CEO of amex and wins. The looser leaves, takes his protege and goes to baltimore and acquires what has been described as a loan sharking business. they make some number of other acquisitions eventually acquiring citibank in violation of glass-steagall. greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby washington for repeal, they enlist some number of people in washington, including the sec. of treasury, to get the repeal added to GLBA. Once that is done, the sec. of treasury resigns and joins Citi ... as what was described at the time as co-operating officer. Note prior to becoming Sec. of treasury, he had run Goldman-Sachs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rubin

The secretary of treasury is replaced by his protege, Larry Summers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers

another reference:
http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/127107/jon-corzine-as-treasury-secretary-would-create-goldman-sachs-royal-house/
and
http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/277-75/19459-larry-summers-goldman-sacked
above references Summers constantly asking Rubin about what would Goldman think when it came to gov. policies.

Geithner is described as protege of both Rubin and Summers, and is head of NYFED last decade while Rubin is at Citi during the financial mess and another former head of Goldman-Sachs is the then current secretary of treasury ... who then also ran TARP. Note while the Warren reference is to her TARP commission reports, it may have been even able to have more criticism.

AIG Bailout Trial Bombshell III: Paulson Lied to Congress About TARP
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/10/aig-bailout-trial-bombshell-iii-paulson-lied-to-congress-about-tarp.html

AIG was negotiating to pay off derivative/CDS gambling bets at 50-60cents on the dollar. The sec. of treasury steps in and declares that illegal and forces AIG to take TARP funds in order to pay off at face value (biggest beneficiary was the company he previously headed up) and sign document that AIG couldn't sue those making the (fixed triple-A rated securitzed mortgage failures) derivative/CDS gambling bets.

Note that just the four largest too big to fail were still holding $5.2T of toxic assets "off book" the end of 2008 (with Citi the worst case) ... also the protege from AMEX days has moved on and is head of one of the other too big to fail
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

How Wall Street, In Broad Daylight, Took Over The US Government
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-09/how-wall-street-broad-daylight-took-over-us-government

Geithner: "The End of Capitalism as We Know It"
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/geithner-end-capitalism-know.html
Axelrod was "livid" when he found out that Geithner and [Larry] Summers "had quietly lobbied" against an amendment to the stimulus that would have restricted the payment of bonuses at firms that received bailout funds. Those bonuses had become a huge political sore point for the administration, but the finance guys argued that retroactive steps to claw back the money would have violated existing contracts.

"This would be the end of capitalism as we know it'"Geithner told Axelrod, to which Axelrod says he responded: '" hate to break the news, Mr. Secretary, but capitalism isn't trading very high right now."


... snip ...

gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
fed chairmen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

remember bush-I replaced the head of CIA ... supposedly because he would go along with "team b" analysis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
then when he was VP ... he said that he wasn't aware of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was spending fulltime as administrative point-person for financial deregulation ... resulting in S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
which also had other family members involved
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

then there is also "Keating Five"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five
one of the targets of "Keating Five" (quote from Keating email telling them to "get black"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
highly recommend his book:
http://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/
also
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-Rollers-ebook/dp/B0097DE7DM/

loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

loc657-58:
Or more commonly, to pretend to create a real estate empire while siphoning deposits into, say, personal jet planes, a favorite in Texas.

loc660-61:
Another owner with a $1.8 billion loan book had bought six Learjets before the Feds noticed that 96 percent of his loans were delinquent.

... snip ...

The recent economic mess has had no criminal referrals or convictions even though it was 70 times larger than the S&L crises which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions.

aka S&L crisis, deregulation allowed somebody to buy an S&L and then loot the deposits. There was some amount of non-regulated institutions packaging fraudulent mortgages, securitizing them and selling to the unsuspected ... but w/o triple-A rating it was small time stuff.

S&P and the Puffery Defense
http://mathbabe.org/2015/02/04/sp-and-the-puffery-defense/

During the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the ratings agencies played in the economic mess ... one of the business news commented that the ratings agencies will likely avoid federal prosecution with the threat of downgrading federal rating.

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, but without triple-A rating they had limited market. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

There are reports as a result of large public&private pension funds dealing in triple-A rated toxic securitized loans/mortgages, they loose 20-30% value .... which is contributing factor in claims that pensions are now underfunded by trillions of dollars.

One of the side-effects was as investors became aware that "triple-A ratings" were available for sale (and might not be trusted), it froze the muni-bond market. warren buffett steps in and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market (possibly aware that "triple-A ratings" sales were confined to the securitized loan market).

Also from the law of unintended consequences of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, the too big to fail later are involved in setting up large robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures.

Other activities related to "triple-A ratings" for sale was that they would start packaging toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for "triple-A rating", sell to their customers and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail. This also created an enormous demand for dodgy loans.

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in glass-steagall and criminal convictions), lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time ... reference that the new congress might have appetite to do something. I worked on it for awhile and then got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all ... reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill.

"team b"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

If anything it is AMEX & Goldman-Sachs ... the former pair from AMEX went on to take over citi in violation of glass-steagall ... that protege is now head of JPMorgan/Chase. In parallel with that the joke is US Treasury was Goldman's branch office in washington ... continuously over a period decades through administration and party changes.

How Wall Street, In Broad Daylight, Took Over The US Government
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-09/how-wall-street-broad-daylight-took-over-us-government

Besides Citi scenario, AMEX had been in competition with KKR for LBO, private-equity take-over of RJR. KKR wins ... but later runs into trouble with RJR and hires Gerstner away to turn it around. IBM has gone into the red and the board hires him to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup. Some techniques he used at both:
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Gerstner leaves IBM and goes on to head up one of the other largest private equity companies. This account of private equity similar to house flipping ... except the loan goes on the books of the company looted ... over half corporate defaults are companies either currently or previously involved in private equity (because of the enormous debt load).
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0
they can flip the company for less than they paid, and still walk away with boat loads of money.

In any case, that private equity company takes over one of the largest fed. gov. outsourcing organization
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington
involved in this
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
70% of the budget and over half the people are "for profit" companies

Success of Failure postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
one of the largest private equity companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

then there is #2 on times list of those responsible (along with his wife) for economic mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

GLBA, repeal of glass-steagall, but also blocking the regulation of CDSs/derivatives ... which responsible for both ENRON *and* AIG

enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

the original rhetoric on the floor of congress about the major purpose of GLBA was to prevent new competition getting into banking (not giving out new banking charters, then they tacked on a number of other things like repeal of Glass-Steagall). Later, Sec. of Treasury with TARP funds (at $700B) was something of front with just the four largest too big to fail holding $5.2T toxic assets "off book". This had to be handled by federal reserve behind the scenes (they fought legal battle for over year to prevent releasing what they were doing). Part of this was that FedRes had to hand out new banking charters (to players like Goldman) in order for them to get help (which should have been in violation of GLBA).

Trivia: FMS outsourced EFTPS (electronic tax payments & employee withholding, processes something like 95% of tax revenue) to Nationsbank (this was before they took over Bank of America and changed their name). Nations outsourced it to financial services company (that use to be subsidiary of AMEX, had been spun out in the early 90s in what was the largest IPO up until that time). Nations paid about 1/10th the contract to the outsourcer and kept the rest. I got asked by outsourcer to look at the implementation security&integrity. I had some suggestions on both how to improve the integrity at same time reducing the actual processing cost. Nations hated it when I met with people at FMS ... not wanting me to mention how little it actually cost to do the processing. --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: article on foreign outsourcing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: article on foreign outsourcing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:05:13 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#7 OT: article on foreign outsourcing

warming climate ... extended the growing season in northern europe ... enabling the barbarian population threatening the northern border to significantly increase ... warming climate also allowed norse to establish settlements in greenland (but then cooling climate forced them to abandon them) ... but different cycles.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Oracle Sparc M7

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Oracle Sparc M7
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Thu, 12 Feb 2015 15:51:45 -0800
"John D. McCalpin" <mccalpin@tacc.utexas.edu> writes:
Hurray for Terje!

mmap() for streaming accesses is a monumental stupidity!

Hey, I have a great idea -- let's take all the information about the future that is contained in large block reads and throw it away! We can replace all that nicely structured predictable access with random page faults every 4KiB.

Once we have switched all of our programs to use this approach we can launch all of them simultaneously at system boot time and call the result "Windows".


note that was done for TSS/360 ... and later for "Future System" ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

benchmark with tss/360 with four simlated users doing fortran edit, compile and execute was much worse throughput and response (on the same hardware) than cp67/cms with 35 simulated users doing same script.

during the FS period when they were duplicating the tss/360 single-level store ... I did a "paged mapped" filesystem for CMS ... claiming I was avoiding all the things I learned from tss/360 "not to do" (and periodically ridiculing FS "single level store" and other things ... not exactly the most career enhancing). I kept lots of the filesystem semantics ... eliminating lots of the low-level synchronous page fault shortcomings. It got about 3times throughput improvement over standard cms filesystem ... aligning the filesystem i/o with the virtual memory semantics eliminated a lot of unnecessary overhead.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Feds Hold Hearing On Whether They Should "Regulate" Sites Like Zero Hedge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Feds Hold Hearing On Whether They Should "Regulate" Sites Like Zero Hedge
Date: 12 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/3YTGwEfWeQi

Feds Hold Hearing On Whether They Should "Regulate" Sites Like Zero Hedge
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-12/feds-hold-hearing-whether-they-should-%E2%80%98regulate%E2%80%99-sites-zero-hedge

U.S. Drops to 49th in World Press Freedom Rankings, Worst Since Obama Became President
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/02/12/u-s-drops-49th-world-press-freedom-rankings-second-lowest-ever/

Federal Election Commission to Consider Regulating Online Political Speech
http://cnsnews.com/news/article/rudy-takala/federal-election-commission-consider-regulating-online-political-speech

Republican FCC Member Warns Net Neutrality Is Not Neutral
http://www.breitbart.com/big-hollywood/2015/02/09/republican-fcc-member-warns-net-neutrality-is-not-neutral/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
Date: 12 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/M7qDSZjR3wq

Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/bill-black-criminal-tax-evader-hsbcs-ceo-resorts-bank-apologist-fable-virgin-crisis.html

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

other recent HSBC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#3 About This Project: Swiss Leaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system

Rhetoric in congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors involved would do jail time, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, they started doing reports of fraudulent financial filings had even increased by the middle of last decade (after SOX, and nobody doing jail time).

sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
fraudulent financial filings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (their hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new regulations might be needed more important was transparency and visibility (if the regulators are "captured" then it hardly matters what regulations there are).

Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Keydriven bit permutations

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Keydriven bit permutations
Newsgroups: sci.crypt
Date: Fri, 13 Feb 2015 15:52:38 -0800
Walter Anderson <wandrson01@gmail.com> writes:
Your perceptions are faulty. The Soviet Union, would not have been able to withstand German attack, much less launch a counter, if the Allies had not opened a second front that drew the majority of the German forces from their Eastern front. Something that Stalin begged Roosevelt to do starting with out Declaration of War. He at least recognized that his nation was doomed without something to divert the German military machine.

... "The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949" mentions that 75% of the German war effort was against Russia (and 2/3rds of the Japanese effort was mainland china).

From Guderian's book (Panzer Leader), loc2902-3:
Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I would not—I believe—ever have started this war.'

loc2903-6:
He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000; both the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had disagreed with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get that figure printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence reports at the time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate was therefore, if anything, a very conservative one.

loc2256-58:
The military commission was so insistent on this point that eventually our manufacturers and Ordnance Office officials concluded: 'It seems that the Russians must already possess better and heavier tanks than we do.' It was at the end of July, 1941, that the T34 tank appeared at the front and the riddle of the new Russian model was solved.

loc2262-64:
At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than 1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this was very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian tank factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the Christie-Russki type.

... snip ...

and significant amount of even that German war effort was enabled by John Foster Dulles; The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#69 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#77 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#70 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#93 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#51 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
Date: 14 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
President to Issue Executive Order Encouraging Threat Intelligence Sharing
http://blog.norsecorp.com/2015/02/13/president-to-issue-executive-order-encouraging-threat-intelligence-sharing/
Obama Wields Executive Power Again: 'Cyber World Is Sort of the Wild, Wild West'
http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2015/02/13/obama-wields-executive-power-again-cyber-world-is-sort-of-the-wild-wild-west/

at PDD-63 financial services meetings in the white house annex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_infrastructure_protection

a major issue was whether ISACs would be subject to FOIA ... they pretty sure that crooks knew about it ... they just didn't want the press and public to know about it (analogous to issues behind the cal. data breach notification law)
https://www.fsisac.com/ and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

some of the too big to fail viewed fraud as a "public relations issue" ... not a security issue.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

past posts mentioning ISACs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#48 Bankers as Partners In Crime Stopping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#11 Banks should share cyber crime information IT PRO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#27 FBI: National data-breach law would help fight cybercrime
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#45 ATM machines are increasingly attractive to hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#19 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#76 Mainframe hacking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#18 Electronic Theft Costs Businesses More Than Physical Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#27 Measuring Cyberfraud, the fall rate of sky, and other metrics from the market for Silver Bullets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#10 EBCDIC and the P-Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#15 Banking Culture Encourages Dishonesty

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 15 Feb 2015 11:34:08 -0800
"gareth" <no.spam@thank.you.invalid> writes:
This discussion is reminiscent of an article about 35 years ago which was a skit on "Real Men don't eat quiche" entitled, "Real programmers don't write Pascal"

old post with copy (also "real software engineers")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#31 High Level Language Systems was Re: computer books/authors (Re: FA:

os/360 pcp on 360/30 was really slow ... i've mentioned before getting the datacenter to myself from 8am sunday to 8am monday to redo 1401 MPIO on 360/360.

Univ had 709 ibsys tape-to-tape with 1401 front-end running MPIO for unit record (tape<->unit record). They were sold 360/67 (for running tss/360) to replace 709/1401 combo. As part of transition, they replaced 1401 with 360/30. Since 360/30 had 1401 hardware compatibility ... they could have continued to run original MPIO, hiring me to rewrite it for 360/30 was just part of getting experience with 360.

I eventually had box of cards (2000) assembler with conditional assembly for "stand-alone" (loaded by cards with BPS loader) and under 360/30 with DCB macros. The "stand-alone" version took about 30mins to assemble (under PCP). The os/360 version took hour to assemble (each DCB macro took 5-6 elapsed time).

Testing stand-alone & re-assembly would also require elapsed time to reboot os/360. So in either case, I got quite proficent "multi-punch" hex patch to the "txt" decks (reading punch holes, find correct card, and multi-punch the patch, not even doing "REP" cards ... couple minutes, rather than hour plus).

Also, 709 IBSYS tape-to-tape did student fortran job in second or less. Initial transition to 360/67 (tss/360 never quite made it to production level), os/360 release 9.5 MFT took a minute or more for student fortran, adding HASP cut it to around half a minute.

Issue was that os/360 had small memory design point. Lots of "SVC" services (open/close files, others) were implemented as multiple 2k execution images loaded serially from disk into SVC transient area. CKD disk program library PDS format also was small memory design point, where directory was on disk and used multi-track search each time to find location of execution image (dozen or more disk rotations, could be 1/4sec). Student fortran as 3-step FORTGCLG, would require several file open/close for each step ... each open/close requiring several SVC open/close transient execution image loading.

I then did optimized system generations that carefully placed files and PDS members to mimize arm seek distance. Highest used PDS members were organized first in PDS library ... minimize arm seek ... but also placed them at the front of the PDS directory ... minimizing the number of rotations to find the directory entry. This would get nearly another three times throughput for student fortran. old presentation I gave at fall 1968 SHARE meeting .... mentioning significant rewrite of CP67 pathlengths running OS/360 in virtual machine ... but also reference to the optimized OS/360 system generation.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

student fortran elapsed time didn't exceed 709 until the installation of WATFOR. WATFOR was single step, open all its files, then start reading all pending fortran jobs and executing (so the enormous step and file open/close was only done once for large number of jobs instead of three times for each job).

misc. past posts mentioning HASP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

past posts mentioning WATFOR:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18 CP/67 & OS MFT14
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#22 Pre S/360 IBM Operating Systems?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#28 IA64 Self Virtualizable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#21 Reviving the OS/360 thread (Questions about OS/360)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#93 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#175 amusing source code comments (was Re: Testing job applicants)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#45 Charging for time-share CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#52 Review of Steve McConnell's AFTER THE GOLD RUSH
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#22 Golden Era of Compilers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#12 checking some myths.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#33 Waterloo Interpreters (was Re: RAX (was RE: IBM OS Timeline?))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#53 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#54 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#1 WATFOR's Silver Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#3 The problem with installable operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#31 Collating on the S/360-2540 card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#48 AMD/Linux vs Intel/Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#53 origin of the UNIX dd command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#16 CPU time and system load
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#51 IBM LCS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#18 Microminiaturized Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#24 Opinion: The top 10 operating system stinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#41 Book on Poughkeepsie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#37 Young Developers Get Old Mainframers' Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#61 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#66 PL/1 as first language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#17 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#13 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#5 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#36 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#43 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#98 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#24 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#31 Java Security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#39 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#4 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#18 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#54 Curiosity: TCB mapping macro name - why IKJTCB?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#87 The Mother of All Demos: The 1968 presentation that sparked a tech revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#76 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#85 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#134 A System 360 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#51 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Keydriven bit permutations

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Keydriven bit permutations
Newsgroups: sci.crypt
Date: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 08:25:29 -0800
Walter Anderson <wandrson01@gmail.com> writes:
And yet, Stalin begged for the Allies to open a second front to provide his troops needed relief and relied upon US supplies to keep his efforts going--which is yet another reason why the U-boats were such a threat to the Allies.

I will remind you that in terms of numbers the Iraqi military looked quite formidable in the eighties as well. The only thing that kept the Germans from obliterating the Soviets was the same thing that aided them against Napolean--the weather. Remember that the Soviet military was also needed to keep Stalin in power.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations

one of the issues is that the prize for Churchill's epics was for literature (not necessarily factual) ... and subsequently has been referenced numerous times as works of fact.
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1953/

russia kept retreating and move its war production far to the rear ... putting enormous stress on german supply lines (and the weather further aggravated it) ... even its air support was impacted since the fields were increasingly far from the front lines (again see Guderian's Panzer Leader)

"Team B" analysis from 70s&80s have been kindly described as exaggeration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
posts mentioning "Team B"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

in the 90s ... there was over month of air campaign leading up to desert storm ground war ... where US had complete air dominance and was obliterating Iraqis on the ground at will ... Iraqis were walking away from tanks and anything else that were "sitting duck" targets. Lots of claims of tank kills during the ground war don't bother to mention whether there was anybody home.
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

A10s did much of the work with million 30mm shells @$13 ... or $13m which isn't exactly what the military-industrial complex likes (way to cost efficient, they much prefer tens of thousand missiles at hundreds of thousands each). posts mentioning military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

the desert storm left hook failing to capture the retreating iraqis has been described as political decision ... but the abrams M1 have a very short supply line leash (fuel and very heavy maintenance requirement) and were repeatedly halted to avoid outrunning supply line. Might even raise the inverse of Dunkirk described by Guderian ... where the ground forces were forced to halt because Goring wanted to show that Luftwaffe could do it.

this has any serious threat to atlantic convoys was over by 1943 ... churchill's refusual to release ships to avoid famine in India where millions starved to death ... wasn't because of shortages in england
http://www.amazon.com/Churchills-Secret-War-British-Ravaging-ebook/dp/B003VTZXC2/

from the law of unintended consequences, the fabricated WMDs for Iraqi-2 had invading forces bypassing ammo dumps searching for WMDs ... when they went back (after not finding any WMDs), a million metric tons had evaporated. Later large artillery shells show up in IEDs ... even taking out abrams M1 ... abrams M1 are so vulnerable that they start taking special efforts before moving M1s.
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 11:42:11 -0800
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
Like I said, IBM mainframes. I used COBOL on an IBM System 34 for 5 or 6 years. Never saw a dump, never had to read any hex data.

You can't get very far on a z/OS system though without looking at some machine language. I know there are shops where dumps are routed to an expert for analysis, but that just moves the requirement.

Some of the tools like ABENDAID, advertise less need for that. Personally, I've always disabled ABENDAID.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

long ago and far away ... I wanted to demonstrate usefullness of REX(X) & not just another pretty scripting language ... tbis was before release to customers. My demonstartion was to replace standard mainframe dump analyzer (implemented mostly in large amount of assembler, requiring quite a few people), with REXX implementation that had ten times more function and ran ten times faster ... and took less than half time my time over three months to implement. I finished early ... so then I started a library that automatically examined for common failure signatures.

I had idealistically assumed that it would be released to customers ... but some reason it wasn't ... even after being in use by nearly all internal datacenters and (customer support) PSRs.

I eventually got approval to give presentations on the implementation at the local (monthly, held at SLAC) Baybunch meetings and at SHARE. Within a couple months ... other implementations started appearing.

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 15:43:58 -0800
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
So, don't keep us (or me) in suspense. Did DUMPRX analyse the failing instruction and show it's operands?

I wasn't sure what I would encounter when I started. It wasn't trivial, but it wasn't a multi-year project either.

Working from the dump, you have to hope that the dump contains all the data you need. From an ESTAI, you merely have to check whether the operand data addresses are accessible.

Seems to me, the logic is better inserted into the thing that writes the dump. Not read the dump and then analyze the problem.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#17 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

dumprx analyzed failing instruction and showed its operands, showed bunch of other stuff and also attempted to analyze bunch of other stuff for recognizable types of failures. Sequence of commands could be recorded/written and re-executed (basically dumprx scripts).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

it was also used to analyse system dumps ... at least with cp67 & vm370 there was an attempt to take the dump as fast as possible and automagically reboot and have the system up and running nearly immediately (with no manual intervention).

but it also had iterface to work directly from live storage as well as dump file. I also did a primitive dis-assembler ... able to display storage as sequences of instructions ... or if there was file with symbolic storage format specification ... it would format storage according to the symbolic specification.

Note system dump & reboot ... was from 60s when started providing 7x24 online service with cp67 and off-shift was frequently "dark room". some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

I've periodically mentioned this was in the days when mainframes were rented and monthly charges was based on the "system meter" that ran whenever the processor and/or any channels were busy. In the beginning there was something of chicken&egg ... initially there was little online off-shift use ... but to encourage off-shift use ... systems had to left up 7x24. CP67 switched to special terminal I/O CCW sequence that allowed channel to go idle ... but also ready to accept any incoming characters.

The "system meter" would continue to run/coast for 400ms after all processor and channel activity ceased. However, MVS continued to have a system timer event that went off every 400ms (guaranteed that system meter never stopped) long after the market switched from rental to sales.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 15:50:12 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
In my experience, though, the PSRs would probably give it to the customers under the table. I can't picture a customer sysprog looking over the PSR's shoulder, seeing some neat tool, and settling for "I'm not allowed to give this to you."

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#15 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#17 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#18 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

dumprx was done all in REXX ... in the early days before it shipped to customers, also well before REXX compiler ... and just at the beginning of the OCO-wars (object-code-only ... source no longer being provided to customers). Later, it occurred to me that not shipping source might have played a role (all REXX source)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
Date: 18 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
$2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
http://www.forbes.com/sites/edwardsiedle/2015/02/18/2-billion-city-of-tampa-pension-story-major-media-missed/

Florida public employee pension funds were just some of the many looted with triple-A toxic CDOs
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2009/05/guest-post-dark-clouds-hanging-over.html

S&P and the Puffery Defense
http://mathbabe.org/2015/02/04/sp-and-the-puffery-defense/

During the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the ratings agencies played in the economic mess ... one of the business news commented that the ratings agencies will likely avoid federal prosecution with the threat of downgrading federal rating.

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, but without triple-A rating they had limited market. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

There are reports as a result of large public&private pension funds dealing in triple-A rated toxic securitized loans/mortgages, they loose 20-30% value .... which is contributing factor in claims that pensions are now underfunded by trillions of dollars.

Also from the law of unintended consequences of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, the too big to fail later are involved in setting up large robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures.

Other activities related to "triple-A ratings" for sale was that they would start packaging toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for "triple-A rating", sell to their customers and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail. This also created an enormous demand for dodgy loans.

triple-a rated toxic cdos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Hackers stole from 100 banks and rigged ATMs to spew cash

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Hackers stole from 100 banks and rigged ATMs to spew cash
Date: 18 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
Hackers stole from 100 banks and rigged ATMs to spew cash money.cnn.com/2015/02/15/technology/security/kaspersky-bank-hacking/index.html

Note that there is similar story from the Y2K remediation in the late 90s (nearly 20years ago). One of the too big to fail had outsourced Y2K remediation to the lowest bidder. They didn't find out until later that it was front for an ethnic criminal organization (possibly even involving some of the same people) ... and eventually found embedded code that performed similarly to the most recent events (stealth wire transfers to overseas accounts, ATM transactions that would spew money when specific key sequences were entered, etc)

Folklore has it that somebody at the too big to fail is claimed to have said that fraud wasn't a security issue, it is a "public relations" issue.

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

posts mentioning Y2K remediation by lowest bidder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#53 Of interest to the Independent Contractors on the list
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#41 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#69 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#49 Does outsourcing cause data loss?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#90 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#20 How about the old mainframe error messages that actually give you a clue about what's broken
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#63 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#91 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
Date: 19 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/two-new-papers-say-big-finance-sectors-hurt-growth-innovation.html

Note the economic mess has had no criminal referrals and nobody doing jail time, even though it was 70 times larger than the S&L crises which had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions.

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, but without triple-A rating they had limited market. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

There are reports as a result of large public&private pension funds dealing in triple-A rated toxic securitized loans/mortgages, they loose 20-30% value .... which is contributing factor in claims that pensions are now underfunded by trillions of dollars.

Also from the law of unintended consequences of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, the too big to fail later are involved in setting up large robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures.

Other activities related to "triple-A ratings" for sale was that they would start packaging toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for "triple-A rating", sell to their customers and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail. This also created an enormous demand for dodgy loans.

Mortgage/loan business had been making profit off the interest payments ... but being able to pay for triple-A rating turned it into volume transaction business ... with the various strategies sucking possibly $4T-$5T out of the economy last decade. Claim is that wallstreet tripled in size (as percent of GDP) during period (not by increasing GDP but sucking it out of other segments).

$2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
http://www.forbes.com/sites/edwardsiedle/2015/02/18/2-billion-city-of-tampa-pension-story-major-media-missed/
Florida public employee pension funds were just some of the many looted with triple-A toxic CDOs
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2009/05/guest-post-dark-clouds-hanging-over.html
S&P and the Puffery Defense
http://mathbabe.org/2015/02/04/sp-and-the-puffery-defense/

too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
triple-a rated toxic cdos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 19 Feb 2015 22:16:48 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Management doesn't seem to care about their programmer/analysts knowing about the business. Indeed, sometimes it seems they do _not_ want them knowing very much, for whateer reason. This isn't anything new, has been going on for decades.

this was boyd's comment about former military officers starting to contaminate american corporate culture ... entry to ww2, have to field large numbers with little or no experience ... so needed rigid, top-down, command&control structure to leverage few experienced resources available. contamination of corporate culture was that only those at the very top knew what they were doing and everybody else unskilled ... also justifies explosion in ratio of executive to work compensation to 400:1 after being 20:1 for a long time and 10:1 in much of the rest of the world.

start of the century I reviewed a periodic financial industry publication that gave the avg. for the large regional banks compared to the avg. of the national banks for thousands of measures ... turns out regional banks were slightly more efficient and profitable than the national banks. the only apparent justification for national banks ... then growing to too big to fail ... was executive compensation proportional to size ... even tho it became too big to manage (as well as too big to prosecute and too big to jail).

posts &/or URLs referencing Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
posts mentioning too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail (& too big to manage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

recent posts mentioning 400:1 compensation ratio:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#14 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#15 Why IBM Is Tumbling: BRIC Sales Plunge, Total Revenue Lowest Since 2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#29 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#33 Power grid groans, blackouts roll through L.A. area as heat wave nears peak
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 20 Feb 2015 12:29:55 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Many people who worked in a regional bank left their jobs after their bank was acquired by a large report. They all reported a decline in the work atmosphere and quality of processing.

The work atmosphere became impersonal and bureaucratic as they were now part of a large company instead of a modest one.

As to processing quality, in the regional bank, they always balanced the nightly processing to the penny. As a small bank, they had the time and capability to do so. But once acquired by the large bank, they didn't balance to the penny, but only to a certain point. This was a source of hurt pride to many of the people, who were proud of the accuracy of their system.

There was just a news item about the Justice Dept convicting the operators of a high-end gambling ring. The ring catered only to high end pre-approved players, not everyday folks. They did _not_ use violence to collect debts, and operated a very low key professional operation. Basically, a victimless crime (IMHO). The convicted head man is very sick and probably will die in prison.

It seems to me the limited Fed resources should be used instead to go after the fraudulent financial crooks (as we've discussed here at length), as well as all the mega mergers that created too big to fail and ruined many once fine institutions. There was one large bank (originally Core States) which got so big it imploded from screw ups and had to acquired by another bank to save it.

We need intelligent enforcement of the anti-trust laws.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

doesn't even need anti-trust ... simply reinstate glass-steagall which separated regulated, insured, gov.-backed depository institutions from unregulated, risky, investment banks. repeal of glass-steagall enabled the especially egregious too big to fail and put the gov/taxpayers on the hook for their risky behavior. They got any upside/profit and taxpayers were stuck with losses anytime their speculation went bad ... this exacerbated "moral hazard" ... they had no downside with extreme risky speculation.

the too big to fail then was justification for too big to prosecute and too big to jail ... which further exacerbated "moral hazard" with money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists ... and tax evasion.

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail (and too big to manage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

they could even be jailed if regulators charged them under sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley

they've also have testimony of paying for "triple-a" ratings on securitized mortgages/loans when both the rating agencies and lenders knew they weren't "triple-a" ... largely enabling over $27T done last decade. Charge them under RICO (criminal conspiracy) and ask for triple damages ($80T).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

so far it is just a lot of penalties ... which is fraction of the crimes ... so it just becomes viewed as cost of doing business ... like libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

S&P and the Puffery Defense
http://mathbabe.org/2015/02/04/sp-and-the-puffery-defense/

During the Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the ratings agencies played in the economic mess ... one of the business news commented that the ratings agencies will likely avoid federal prosecution with the threat of downgrading federal rating.

Securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, but without triple-A rating they had limited market. Late 90s, I'm asked to look at improving the integrity of supporting documents in securitized mortgages (as countermeasure). The loan originators then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played). The triple-A ratings trump documents and they can start doing no-down, no-documentation liar loans, package in CDO, pay for triple-A rating and sell to institution funds that are restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds) ... eventually doing over $27T last decade:
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

There are reports as a result of large public&private pension funds dealing in triple-A rated toxic securitized loans/mortgages, they loose 20-30% value .... which is contributing factor in claims that pensions are now underfunded by trillions of dollars.

One of the side-effects was as investors became aware that "triple-A ratings" were available for sale (and might not be trusted), it froze the muni-bond market. warren buffett steps in and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market (possibly aware that "triple-A ratings" sales was confined to the securitized loan market).

Also from the law of unintended consequences of the no-down, no-documentation, liar loans, the too big to fail later are involved in setting up large robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents required for foreclosures.

Other activities related to "triple-A ratings" for sale was that they would start packaging toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail, pay for "triple-A rating", sell to their customers and then take out derivative/CDS gambling bets that they would fail. This also created an enormous demand for dodgy loans.

$2 Billion City Of Tampa Pension Story Major Media Missed
http://www.forbes.com/sites/edwardsiedle/2015/02/18/2-billion-city-of-tampa-pension-story-major-media-missed/
Florida public employee pension funds were just some of the many looted with triple-A toxic CDOs
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2009/05/guest-post-dark-clouds-hanging-over.html

Recent news that new Attorney General confirmation is being contested because the candidate let HSBC off easy ... and lots of new questions about HSBC illegal activity on many fronts and why did they get off so easy.

Where are the "Progressive" Democrats on Loretta Lynch's HSBC Money Laundering Wrist Slap?
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/where-are-the-progressive-democrats-on-loretta-lynchs-hsbc-money-laundering-wrist-slap.html
HSBC and UBS Swiss bank account and tax evasion scandals explainer
http://www.businessinsider.com/hsbc-and-ubs-swiss-bank-account-and-tax-evasion-scandals-explainer-2015-2
Corruption Currents: HSBC Faces 'Biggest Bank Leak in History'
http://blogs.wsj.com/riskandcompliance/2015/02/09/corruption-currents-hsbc-faces-the-biggest-bank-leak-in-history
Lawyer moved Halliburton subsidiary bribes through secret Swiss HSBC accounts
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/02/10/16735/lawyer-moved-halliburton-subsidiary-bribes-through-secret-swiss-hsbc-accounts
Files Open New Window on $182-Million Halliburton Bribery Scandal in Nigeria
http://www.icij.org/project/swiss-leaks/files-open-new-window-182-million-halliburton-bribery-scandal-nigeria
HSBC tax evasion: Bank helped conceal $100 billion in Swiss accounts
http://money.cnn.com/2015/02/08/news/hsbc-swiss-bank-accounts/
How HSBC Got Rich Off Russian Corruption
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/02/10/how-hsbc-got-rich-off-russian-corruption.html
Profile: HSBC whistleblower Herve Falciani
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-31296007
'Biggest Bank Leak in History': A Look At How HSBC's Private Swiss Bank Handles The Finances For The World's Rich And The Elite
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2015/02/biggest-bank-leak-in-history-look-at.html
HSBC's private Swiss bank served everyone from alleged arms dealers to pop stars
http://qz.com/340930/hsbcs-private-swiss-bank-served-everyone-from-alleged-arms-dealers-to-pop-stars/
Candid comments reveal client-banker relationships
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/candid-comments-reveal-client-banker-relationships
Global authorities call for investigation into HSBC tax scandal
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-31327042
Swissleaks: HSBC helped clients avoid tax, leaks allege
http://www.news.com.au/finance/business/swiss-scandal-hsbc-hid-millions-for-drug-traffickers-arms-dealers-and-global-celebs/story-fnkjidjt-1227214307166
Anger over 'dirty deal' which saw 1,100 UK holders of HSBC Swiss accounts dodge prosecution and how the bank's boss walked into a top Government job
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2946926/Anger-dirty-deal-saw-1-100-UK-holders-HSBC-Swiss-accounts-dodge-prosecution-bank-s-boss-walked-Government-job.html
Super-rich and celebrities caught up in HSBC tax avoidance storm
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2946830/Super-rich-celebrities-caught-HSBC-tax-dodge-storm-Leaked-files-spark-claims-stars-used-bank-hide-cash.html
HSBC admits Swiss bank failings over client taxes
http://in.reuters.com/article/2015/02/09/hsbc-leak-taxavoidance-idINKBN0LD05520150209
Leaked HSBC Documents Shed Light On Swiss Banking Industry
http://www.npr.org/2015/02/09/384865935/leaked-hsbc-documents-shed-light-on-swiss-banking-industry
HSBC Switzerland met clients in 25 countries: reports
http://news.yahoo.com/hsbc-switzerland-met-clients-25-countries-reports-004700358.html
HSBC hid millions for arms dealers, drug traffickers & celebs
http://nypost.com/2015/02/09/hsbc-hid-millions-for-arms-dealers-drug-traffickers-and-celebrities/
Feds may be considering new probe of HSBC
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/02/11/16740/feds-may-be-considering-new-probe-hsbc
IRS Issues John Doe Summons To FedEx, DHL, UPS, HSBC In Massive Offshore Account Hunt
http://www.forbes.com/sites/robertwood/2014/12/20/irs-issues-john-doe-summons-to-fedex-dhl-ups-hsbc-in-massive-offshore-account-hunt/
This Is How HSBC Celebrates 150 Years of Banking Crime & Corruption: Happy Birthday
http://wolfstreet.com/2015/02/11/this-is-how-hsbc-celebrates-150-years-of-banking-crime-corruption-happy-birthday/
Bill Black: Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/bill-black-criminal-tax-evader-hsbcs-ceo-resorts-bank-apologist-fable-virgin-crisis.html
Herve Falciani: HSBC's IT unable to provide sufficient audit oversight
http://www.computerweekly.com/news/2240240268/Herve-Falcianim-HSBC-IT-unable-to-provide-sufficient-audit-oversight
HSBC could face prosecution, as Swiss Leaks fallout continues
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/hsbc-could-face-prosecution-swiss-leaks-fallout-continues
Swiss Leaks frequently asked questions answered
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/swiss-leaks-frequently-asked-questions-answered
U.S. court orders HSBC USA to provide details of customers with offshore law firm
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/02/12/16748/us-court-orders-hsbc-usa-provide-details-customers-offshore-law-firm
Moment of Brutal Honesty: Political Commentator Quits Over HSBC Coverage, Accuses Telegraph Of "Fraud On Readers"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-17/honesty-shocker-telegraphs-political-commentator-quits-over-hsbc-coverage-accuses-pa
HSBC apologizes as more government probes begin
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/hsbc-apologizes-more-government-probes-begin
HSBC's Geneva office raided as Swiss open investigation
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/hsbcs-geneva-office-raided-swiss-open-investigation
Swiss prosecutor raids HSBC's Geneva premises
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/6ee57092-b74c-11e4-8807-00144feab7de,Authorised=false.html?_i_location=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2F6ee57092-b74c-11e4-8807-00144feab7de.html%3Fsiteedition%3Duk&siteedition=uk&_i_referer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nakedcapitalism.com%2F2015%2F02%2Flinks-21815.html
Peter Oborne resignation: Senior writer quits Telegraph dramatically over HSBC allegations
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/media/press/peter-oborne-resignation-senior-writer-dramatically-quits-telegraph-over-hsbc-allegations-10052314.html
PETER OBORNE QUITS TELEGRAPH - Guy Fawkes' blog
http://order-order.com/2015/02/17/breaking-oborne-quits-telegraph/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 20 Feb 2015 14:11:49 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
doesn't even need anti-trust ... simply reinstate glass-steagall which separated regulated, insured, gov.-backed depository institutions from unregulated, risky, investment banks. repeal of glass-steagall enabled the especially egregious too big to fail and put the gov/taxpayers on the hook for their risky behavior. They got any upside/profit and taxpayers were stuck with losses anytime their speculation went bad ... this exacerbated "moral hazard" ... they had no downside with extreme risky speculation.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

and ...

Shoot Bank Of America Now--The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://davidstockmanscontracorner.com/shoot-bank-of-america-now-the-case-for-super-glass-steagall-is-overwhelming/

from above:
Already BAC has agreed to a stupendous disgorgement of fines, settlements and penalties that totals upwards of $100 billion. These stem not only from the mortgage abuses, on which its Countrywide subsidiary was a lead perpetrator, but nearly every other aspect of its banking operations as well. The pejorative term "bankster" does well and truly apply perfectly to the BAC house of malfeasance and corruption.

... snip ...

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in glass-steagall and criminal convictions), lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time ... reference that the new congress might have appetite to do something. I worked on it for awhile and then got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all ... reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail (and too big to manage)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
Pecora Hearings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 22 Feb 2015 11:34:28 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Recent news that new Attorney General confirmation is being contested because the candidate let HSBC off easy ... and lots of new questions about HSBC illegal activity on many fronts and why did they get off so easy.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#25 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly

America's 12 most dangerous banks
http://www.bankrate.com/financing/banking/americas-12-most-dangerous-banks/?ec_id=cmct_03_comm_PF_mainlink
Why Obama's Regulators Let Wall Street Bankers Off Easy
http://www.vice.com/read/why-obamas-regulators-let-wall-street-goldman-sachs-bankers-off-easy
HSBC US committee takes month off political donations
http://www.icij.org/blog/2015/02/hsbc-us-committee-takes-month-political-donations
HSBC's political committee goes dark in days before Swiss Leaks scandal
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/02/20/16796/hsbcs-political-committee-goes-dark-days-swiss-leaks-scandal

HSBC money laundering $881M for drug cartel gets its hand slapped, individual money launders $101M for drug cartel and sentenced to 20yrs.

A Different Standard For The Banks When They Are Caught 'Money Laundering'
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2015/02/a-different-standard-for-banks-when.html
Cartel Turned Drug Money Into Gold
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/02/19/the-cartel-cronies-not-too-big-to-jail.html

and then there is market manipulation ...

Has Lost Money Once In 1,485 Trading Days
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-21/holy-grail-trading-crosses-twilight-zone-hft-firm-virtu-has-lost-money-once-1485-tra

from above:
One year ago, when HFT powerhouse Virtu launched its first attempt to go public and finally gave the world a glimpse into its trading perfection engine, we were stunned to learn that through the "miracles" of frontrunning, momentum ignition, quote stuffing, subpennying and all those other market manipulation techniques that have made HFT a staple - if extremely profitable - parasite of fragmented, broken "markets", in its S-1 it wrote that "as a result of our real-time risk management strategy and technology, we had only one losing trading day during the period depicted, a total of 1,238 trading days." We urged readers to "let that sink in: one trading loss day and 1237 days of profits." To paraphrase: one losing day in five years of trading. We said that "that, ladies and gentlemen, is the Holy Grail of the New Normal broken, manipulated markets."

... snip ...

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail, and too big to manage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

recent HFT posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#3 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#1 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#64 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#64 Dark Pool Greed Drove Barclays to Lie to Clients, N.Y. Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 23 Feb 2015 08:31:22 -0800
Ibmekon writes:
Ever wondered about the the effectiveness of endless mind numbing adverising campaigns - the answer is...

From
https://www.opendemocracy.net/ourkingdom/peter-oborne/why-i-have-resigned-from-telegraph

The coverage of HSBC in Britain's Telegraph is a fraud on its readers. If major newspapers allow corporations to influence their content for fear of losing advertising revenue, democracy itself is in peril. ..... Late last year I set to work on a story about the international banking giant HSBC. Well-known British Muslims had received letters out of the blue from HSBC informing them that their accounts had been closed. No reason was given, and it was made plain that there was no possibility of appeal. "It's like having your water cut off," one victim told me.

This is real leadership from the top...

From
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/feb/22/swiss-account-secret-of-hsbc-chief-stuart-gulliver-revealed

Stuart Gulliver, the HSBC chief executive who has vowed to reform the crisis-hit bank, sheltered millions of pounds in a Swiss account through a Panamanian company and remains tax domiciled in Hong Kong.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#25 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

recently there was this

The Media Is "Run By A Tiny Group Of Politically Motivated Moguls", And "Controlled By The CIA"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-21/media-run-tiny-group-politically-motivated-moguls-and-controlled-cia

some is being made of spanish judge sentencing top execs of spanish bank (including former head of IMF)

Spanish Judge Violates Global Rule, Makes Bank President & Former IMF Chief Pay for Financial Crimes
http://wolfstreet.com/2015/02/15/spanish-judge-breaks-rule-makes-bank-president-former-imf-chief-pay-for-financial-crimes/

and then appeal that it would unsettle the markets

Making Me Pay For My Crimes Would Send "Message of Uncertainty to the Markets": Bank President to Spanish Judge
http://wolfstreet.com/2015/02/23/making-me-pay-for-my-crimes-would-send-message-of-uncertainty-to-the-markets-bank-president-to-spanish-judge/

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail, and too big to manage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

then there are increasing refs. to the 28 redacted pages in the 9/11 commission report after the 9/11 families were allowed to sue saudi gov. as responsible

Bush family ties to terror suspects re-opened by 9/11 '28 pages'
http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/world/bush-family-ties-to-terror-suspects-re-opened-by-9-11-28-pages/article/426577

posts refs to 9/11 victim/families allowed to sue saudi gov.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major

head of CIA was replaced with somebody that would go along with Team B numbers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
replacement CIA director then is VP ... but claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was full-time administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and
http://critcrim.org/critpapers/potter.htm
more recent:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/12/jeb-bush-forest-gump-financial-improprieties.html

then there is the economic mess last decade that was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis (and no criminal referrals or convictions)

other recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#67 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The joy of simplicity?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The joy of simplicity?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 23 Feb 2015 15:19:16 -0800
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:
Many years ago (about 1984, I think) I built a 32-bit bit-slice processor. The plan was to add a bit more hardware so it could efficiently execute the 360 instruction set, and then write my own OS. But, I then realized I'd have to come up with compilers, etc. and the project bogged down. I recently realized I probably could have just stolen all the compilers off our 360 at work! Well, it would have still taken a pretty complex "wrapper" to allow the compilers to think they were running in an OS/360 environment. But, I think that would have been doable.

Instead, I built a clone of a Nat Semi 32016 system, and ran Genix on it, but it was GLACIALLY slow! It was maddening that it was something like 5 X slower than a Z-80 S-100 system! Then, I eventually got a micro-VAX II system and ran VMS. Expensive, but it was a great HOME computer for the time (1986).


aka slac did the 168E ... fortran execution (after being compiled on regular 370) and then 3081E ... used by both SLAC & CERN. a couple slac documents (talks about using vax for i/o)
http://www-spires.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3069.pdf
http://slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3753.pdf

recent mention of 168e/3081e
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#69 Remembrance of things past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#79 Ancient computers in use today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again

washington was 68Ks modified to run subset of 370, released as xt/370 and at/370 ... with modified vm370 for operating system (and cms for user interface). Lots of I/O simulation was message passing to cp/88 running onf the pc side
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer#XT.2F370

recent mention of xt/at 370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#27 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#42 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#59 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#74 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#77 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#79 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#8 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#10 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#13 AMC proposes 1980s computer TV series Halt & Catch Fire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#18 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#30 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#31 model numbers; was re: World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#8 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#67 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#24 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The joy of simplicity?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The joy of simplicity?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 23 Feb 2015 15:29:38 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
CMS and MTS do just this. Now that you're no longer interested, the compilers are available online.

CMS did subset os/360 simulation enough for common compilers and most execution. It was less than 64kbytes of code ... there was joke that CMS 64kbytes os/360 simulation was much more cost effective than MVS's 8mbytes os/360 simulation.

note, however in the mid-70s, the vm370 development group in Burlington did a significantly more complete simulation of os/360 ... but the group was shutdown and all the code was "lost" (another 64kbytes). POK had been working on killing off vm370 and transferring all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA. The people that had done the enhanced os/360 manage to escape and remained in the boston area ... many going to work for DEC on VMS (very early days start of VMS; 75/76)

there were a number of internal design tools done on MVS that made use of extensive MVS facilities. In the late 70s and early 80s when there was migration starting from the big constrained mainframe datacenters to vm/4341s out in every department ... there was work done to do additional os/360 simulation required by these tools (about 12kbytes of code). past email mentioning 4300x
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

recent posts mentioning burlington group (endicott did manage to save the vm/370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#4 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#92 write rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#90 Enterprise Cobol 5.1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#16 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#39 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#4 Another Golden Anniversary - Dartmouth BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#22 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#20 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#105 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#93 As OpenVMS nears 30, users dredge up videos from DEC's heyday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#10 R.I.P. PDP-10?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#85 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#48 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#25 Microsoft Open Sources .NET, Saying It Will Run on Linux and Mac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#89 a bit of hope? What was old is new again

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The joy of simplicity?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The joy of simplicity?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 23 Feb 2015 16:42:09 -0800
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btopenworld.com> writes:
Writing a version of CP/M with hierarchical directories and file version numbers should be possible.

Computer games may use such an operating system to overcome the overheads of Windows.


at least some of cp/m comes from kildall working on cp/67-cms (precusor to vm/370-cms) at npg school
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#77 In a Cyber Breach, Who Pays, Banks or Retailers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#69 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#90 Enterprise Cobol 5.1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#103 Microsoft publishes MS-DOS, Word for Windows source code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#73 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#95 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#95 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#71 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#27 Early Digital Research CP/M Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#78 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#60 The Road Not Taken: Knowing When to Keep Your Mouth Shut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#91 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 23 Feb 2015 17:19:28 -0800
Ibmekon writes:
From
http://www.independent.ie/business/irish/banking-inquiry/banking-inquiry-jail-sentences-for-bankers-favoured-by-expert-30967643.html
'Prof Bill Black has told the Oireachtas Banking Inquiry that "the only potential effective deterrent has to involve jail sentences for criminality".'

But perhaps the most important bit of the article is the EU regulators response to the collapse,

'"we have done many things" with 41 pieces of new legislation in place in five years..'


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#23 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#25 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Bill Black takes over editor-in-chief at NEP
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/01/05

in S&L scandal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_Loan_Scandal

from above:
The former Director of the Institute for Fraud Prevention now teaches Economics and Law at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. During the savings and loan crisis, it was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.

... snip ...

recent item ... comments include some of my pontificating
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/02/the-worst-article-title-by-an-economist-about-the-crisis.html

comments closed ... but in reply to the last in above:

as referenced up thread being able to pay for triple-A ratings (even when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony) enabled over $27T last decade
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

including opening up markets that were restricted to only dealing in "safe" investments (like large pension funds).

things were aggravated by the huge demand for dodgy (no-down, no-documentation, liar) loans used for securitized mortgages designed to fail.

as investors became aware that triple-A ratings were for sale and prospect that none of the ratings could be trusted ... the market started to dry up. from the law of unintended consequences, the muni-bond market froze ... and warren buffett had to step in and started offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the muni-bond market.

just the four largest too big to fail were still holding $5.2T "off-book" at the end of 2008.
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

Late summer and early fall of 2008, several tens of billions had gone for 22cents on the dollar (not being able to trust ratings and w/o documentation there was little way of doing accurate valuation).

Part of the reason that TARP (for purchase of toxic assets) was considered a farce was that only $700B was appropriated ... 10% or less of what would have been needed ... and longest single amount was actually used for paying off (at face value) the derivative/CDS gambling bets that securitized mortgages (designed to fail) would fail.

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Larry Summers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Larry Summers
Date: 23 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/104140272098689841413/posts/C323SKfAp5Y

1st Rule of Upper Looting Class: "insiders don't criticize insiders"
http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2014/04/21/140421crbo_books_lepore?currentPage=all

from above:
In the spring of 2009, after the panel issued its third report, critical of the bailout, Larry Summers took Warren out to dinner in Washington and, she recalls, told her that she had a choice to make. She could be an insider or an outsider, but if she was going to be an insider she needed to understand one unbreakable rule about insiders: 'They don't criticize other insiders.

... snip ...

recent posts mentioning Summers:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#2 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#6 do you blame Harvard for Putin
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: article on foreign outsourcing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: article on foreign outsourcing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 24 Feb 2015 09:04:42 -0800
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
A kinda joke, student has studied Japanese, and is wondering if he should switch to another subject, asks teacher. "Oh, you have learned how to speak to a superior person, you still have to learn how to speak to an inferior or equal one"

In mid-70s, i was on business trip to japan with another Caucasian who spoke Japanese. He had opportunity to tell story about first trip to japan and making a presentation in Japanese to full room ... he started by telling everybody he had learned Japanese from his roommate in college ... which resulted in people in the room looking embarrassed. At the first break, somebody took him aside and told him that there are three vocabularies and he had made it obvious that had lived with female in college. Another trip in the same period happened to spend a week with Eisenhower's Japanese translater when he was president.

at the time, the exchange rate was somewhere around 330yen/dollar and has since been as high as 83yen/dollar ... dollar having depreciated by four times, random past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#34 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#35 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#2 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#17 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#47 First 5.25in 1GB drive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#86 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ten Banks, Including JPM, Goldman, Deutsche, Barclays, SocGen And UBS, Probed For Gold Rigging

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Ten Banks, Including JPM, Goldman, Deutsche, Barclays, SocGen And UBS, Probed For Gold Rigging
Date: 23 Feb 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/gdw1RqrNpiZ

Ten Banks, Including JPM, Goldman, Deutsche, Barclays, SocGen And UBS, Probed For Gold Rigging
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-23/ten-banks-including-jpm-goldman-deutsche-barclays-socgen-and-ubs-probed-gold-rigging

from above:
The last time this happened was in November when we learned that "UBS Settles Over Gold Rigging, Many More Banks To Follow", and sure enough many more banks did follow, because in Europe, where the stench of gold market manipulation stretches far beyond merely commercial banks, and rises through the central banks, namely the BOE and ECB, culminating with the Head of Foreign Exchange & Gold at the BIS itself, all such allegations have to be promptly settled or else the discovery that the manipulation cartel in Europe involves absolutely everybody will shock and stun the world, which heretofore was led to believe that such things as gold market (not to be confused with Libor or FX) manipulation only exist in the paranoid delusions of a few tinfoil fringe-blogging lunatics.

... snip ...

griftopia references commodity trading rigging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia
libor rigging
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#16 Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#47 Barclays Manipulated Gold as Soon as It Stopped Manipulating Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#36 IBM 'major announcement' points to deal on chip manufacturing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#49 IBM's Ginni Rometty Just Confessed To A Huge Failure -- It Might Be The Best Thing For The Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#61 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#131 Memo To WSJ: The CRomnibus Abomination Was Not "A Rare Bipartisan Success"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#160 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
Date: 24 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/apr/23/british-empire-crimes-ignore-atrocities

this says in 1655, bengal was one of the richest places on earth and by 1755 it was one of the poorest. also churchill in 1943 was using shipping capacity to stockpile/hoard for after the war ... resulting in 3m-6m indian starvation deaths. points out that award for chirchills ww2 description was for (fiction) literature
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003VTZXC2/

this has account of canadian asw had significantly cut any threat to shipping by 1943
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00DKMWP2Q/

other accounts had burma with one of the highest literacy rates and standard of living in the world before being looted by the british. past post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#83 HP splits, again

this has various financial havens setup up after ww2 operating out of city of london to partially compensate for loss of empire. in the city of london, not only are corprations "people" but the also have the vote ... 30,000+ corporate voters to somethintg like 9,000 "human" voters. despite other recent references in the news, supposedly city of london is still money laundering capital of the world for terrorists, drug cartels and everybody else.
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004OA6420/

money laundering posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

past refs to "city of london"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#3 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#26 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#0 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#39 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#8 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
Date: 24 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#93 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives

Summer of '69 I was brought into Boeing as full time employee (I was still undergraduate) to help with setting up Boeing Computer Services (consolidate dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment ... a little like modern clouds). The local IBMers told me story that when 360 was announced, Boeing walked into the branch office and placed an enormous 360 order .... the IBM salesman knew almost nothing about 360 but the commission made him the highest paid IBM employee that year. This prompted IBM to change from straight commission to quota system. The following year, another Boeing order resulted in the salesman making quota by the end of January and IBM "adjusted" his quota for the year. The salesman resigned and started his own computer services company. Supposedly if they adjust quotas for employees, the board can adjust the executive bonus plan.

GM bought EDS and then later spun it off to eventually be bought by HP. Along the way Perot Systems was created and Cannavino (formally head of POK, at one point had con'ed my wife to come to POK as responsible for loosely-coupled architecture) was brought in to head it up. After taking Perot Systems public, Cannavino did a gig at security company where he con'ed the company we were working at for us to do temporary assignment at this company (although we continued to have all our previous responsibilities). This company also had contract with m'soft to integrate kerberos ... which is the basis for:
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb742516.aspx
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_Directory

these days executive compensation is either directly or indirectly tied to share buybacks and dividends
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

from above:
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#84 3Q earnings are becoming the norm at IBM. What is IBM management overlooking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#15 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#65 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble

I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late 85, early 86 ... when there was increasing pressure to convert to SNA) in the late 70s & early 80s. Folklore is that when the executive committee were told about computer conferencing (and the internal network) 5of6 wanted to fire me. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
some internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

In the early 80s, I also sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM ... part of the briefing was that at entry to WW2, military adopted rigid, top-down, command&control structure to field large numbers with little or no experience and leverage the little experience available. Boyd would comment that US corporate culture was starting to be contaminated by former military officers starting to climb the corporate ladder. However, in the same time period, articles were starting to appear about how MBAs and the myopic focus on quarterly numbers were destroying US corporations.

posts &/or URLs mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

trivia: when I was at Boeing summer of '69, I thot that Renton was possibly largest mainframe datacenter in the world ... something like $300M in IBM mainframes with constant stream of 360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed. However, Boyd's biography has him command of spook base about the same time, described as a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (1969 dollars, pushing $20B today).

other trivia: Jan2009 I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into crash of '29, resulted in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time ... some comment that the new congress might have appetite to do something. I worked on it for awhile and then got a call that it wouldn't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill). some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

This is just small reference
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

aka, goes on all the time and nothing to fear from SEC. above was before HFT really got started ... now HFT is majority of all transactions enabling ever increasing methods for manipulation.

spook base reference (gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine) ... even has drones
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

recent posts mentioning "spook base"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#31 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#9 Boyd for Business & Innovation Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#19 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#23 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#36 IBM Historic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#13 IBM & Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#88 IBM sees boosting profit margins as more important than sales growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#75 Ancient computers in use today

recent posts mentioning "boeing computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#31 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#32 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#9 Boyd for Business & Innovation Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#19 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#23 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#69 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#36 IBM Historic computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#92 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#28 Does IBM CEO Rometty Understand Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#57 Interesting and somewhat disturbing article about IBM in BusinessWeek. What is your opinion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#13 IBM & Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#31 Speed of computers--wave equation for the copper atom? (curiosity)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#40 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#14 Super Cane's Computers run Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#84 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#15 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#88 IBM sees boosting profit margins as more important than sales growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#143 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#75 Ancient computers in use today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
Date: 24 Feb 2015
Blog: Facebook
C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/16/world/cia-is-said-to-have-bought-and-destroyed-iraqi-chemical-weapons.html?smid=nytcore-ipad-share&smprod=nytcore-ipad

Some claims decommissioned, left over from iran/iraq war ... supplied by "team b" ... head of CIA was replaced with somebody that would go along with Team B numbers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
Team B was also involved in supplying Saddam with weapons
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

"team b" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

series from last fall (by the same reporter)
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

from above:
Reached recently, Mr. Duelfer agreed that the weapons were still a menace, but said the report strove to make it clear that they were not "a secret cache of weapons of mass destruction."

"What I was trying to convey is that these were not militarily significant because they not used as W.M.D.," he said. "It wasn't that they weren't dangerous."


... and ...
The publicly released information also skirted the fact that most of the chemical artillery shells were traceable to the West, some tied to the United States.

These shells, which the American military calls M110s, had been developed decades ago in the United States. Roughly two feet long and weighing more than 90 pounds, each is an aerodynamic steel vessel with a burster tube in its center


... snip ...

part of the issue is by destroying the government ... any responsible control over these decommissioned weapons was lost

The reporter "not military significant" quote was by: "The group, led by Charles A. Duelfer, a former United Nations official working for the Central Intelligence Agency,"

one of the documents referenced by Oct2014 article (dated 1996) "Iraq's Disclosure of Chemical Weapons Findings to U.N."
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/iraqs-disclosure-of-chemical-weapons-findings-to-un.html

other posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#21 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned. She wrote a book about then getting locked up in Texas military hospital when she tried to take it public, "EXTREME PREJUDICE-- The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover Ups of 9/11 and Iraq"

From law of unintended consequences, one account has first troops in were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs. ... when they got around to going back a million metric tons had evaporated ... large artillery shells then start showing up in IEDs

pg145, more than million metric tons evaporated while troops were lookiing for WMDs
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

my son-in-law 1st tour was fallujah 2004-2005, 2nd tour baqubah 2007-2008 ... this describes it as much worse than fallujah
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

but since the party line was surge made things much better, it didn't get much coverage. Abram M1s were especially vulnerable to the large artillery shell IEDs.

recent posts mentioning baqubah
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#61 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#79 Army Modernization Is Melting Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#68 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#69 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#36 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#48 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Alphabet

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Alphabet
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 28 Feb 2015 23:22:53 -0800
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
Didn't you need nulls between the carriage return and the spaces? Or at least a delay.

from hercules vm370 DMKCNS code
LA R1,24(0,R3) DATA COUNT + 1.5 + ROUNDUP @VA06176 00251100 SR R0,R0 CLEAR FOR DIVIDE @V200820 00252000 D R0,F10 COMPUTE NUMBER OF IDLES REQUIRED @V200820 00253000 C R1,F15 NEVER NEED MORE THAN THIS @V200820 00254000 BL *+8 LENGTH MAY BE MORE IF BACKSPACES @V200820 00255000 LA R1,15(0) THIS IS A MAXIMUM @V200820 00256000 LTR R1,R1 DO WE NEED ANY AT ALL ? @V200820 00257000 BNP *+8 NO -- SKIP IT @V200820 00258000 EX R1,SETIDLES MOVE IN A STRING OF IDLE CHARACTE@V200820 00259000

... snip ...

effictively one null/idle for every ten positions needed for return.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Mar 2015 11:14:11 -0800
James Dow Allen <jdallen2000@yahoo.com> writes:
Interesting story! The 145 was a very nifty machine; I think it was designed in Germany.(?)

germany was 370/115, 370/125, and 370/135 machines ... also corporate slapped their hands for the 115/125 design. they had nine position memory bus with multiple microprocessors ... depending on configuration. 115 had one microprocessor with 370 emulation microcode and other microprocessors with microcode to perform control unit functions. All microprocessors were the same. The 125 was the same except the microprocessor running the 370 emulation microcode was 50% faster.

145 was endicott machine ... cambridge science center got involved in joint project with endicott early on ... it involved modifying cp67 (running on 360/67) to provide 370 "virtual memory" virtual machines (also one of the first use of the networking code by the science center to support distributed development).

The production science center system with "cp67-l" ... but in part because the production system included providing service to student/staff at various education institutions in boston/cambridge area ... the work was all done in 360/67 virtual machines (to mimize leakage to non-employees). "cp67-h" was cp67 modified to provide 370 virtual memory virtual machines ... and then "cp67-i" was cp67 modified to run on 370 virtual memory hardware. resulting operation
cp67-l running on real 360/67 providing 360 virtual machines cp67-h running in 360/67 virtual machine providing 370 virtual machines cp67-i running in 370 virtual machine providing 370 virtul machines cms running in 370 virtual machine

cp67-i was in regular use a year before the first 370 (145) engineering hardware with virtual memory support was available. in fact, cp67-i was used as the hardware test when the engineering machine first became operational ... and it failed. A little diagnostic showed that the engineers had (incorrectly) reversed the opcode implementation for two of the new instructions. cp67-i was hurriedly patched ... to reflect the incorrect opcode implementation ... and things then ran fine.

the multi-level, incremental cms source update process was originally created as part of the "cp67-h" & "cp67-i" software development.

posts mentioning cambridge science center (at 545 tech sq)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#545tech
posts mentioning the internal network ... by&large the science center virtual machine implementation ... larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late 85 or early 86
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

other 370/145 trivia ... the palo alto science center did the 370/145 apl microcode assist. As 370/145 (with virtual memory hardware support) started to be delivered to internal datacenters ... they nearly all would run cp67-i ... even long after vm370 became available. All of this was happening before the first 370/145 (w/o virtual memory) shipped to customers. Virtual memory for 370/145 then just required a different microcode load to enable. However along the way (before virtual memory was announced), some customers noticed the "XLATE" psw bit/light label on the front panel.

then there was future system in the first part of the 70s that was going to completely replace all 360/370 and was completely different (the killing off of 370 efforts during the FS period was credited with giving clone processor makers a market foothold)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

with the failure of FS there was made rush to get 370 products back into the pipeline. endicott/germany did quick enhancements for 135&145 ... the 138/&148. However, they also did operating system microcode assists to establish competitive advantage against the clone makers ... especially in the world trade market outside US.

Endicott sucked me into the ECPS microcode assist for 138/148 ... old post.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21

part of the effort was modified 370/145 microcode (by PASC person that had done apl microcode) to help select kernel portions for ECPS assist. The resulting assists would be one on both 138&148 ... and the later follow-on 4331&4341. Endicott also con'ed me into running around the world (off & on for a year) presenting competitive advantage of 138/148 ECPS to various country/region business groups. Part of the problem was in the US, hdqtrs pretty much provided strategic direction on number of machines that the regional business groups were to forecast (but didn't direclty impact actual orders). In world trade, business group had tougher time, forecasting against a lot more competitive *and* country effectively bought that many machines and was responsible for turning around and selling to customers ... while in US, machines never left books of manufacturing plant until customers actually ordered. As a result, manufacturing place a lot higher trust in world trade forcecasts (compared to US; in world trade business people could loose their jobs for bad forecasts, in the US, people got promoted for "strategic" forecasts, regardless of whether they were correct).

Sometime that endicott sucked me into the ECPS work ... the engineering group in the US that provided 115/125 support sucked me into doing multiprocessor design. Almost none of the 115/125 configurations had more than 4-5 of the 9 position memory bus, occupied. I was asked to do design that supported up to five positions occupied by microprocessors emulating 370. Turns out that the 138/148 people started to view this as competitive ... and it never shipped (at some escalation meetings, I was asked/required to argue both sides). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#bounce

other trivia ... after 23Jun1969 "unbundling" announcement ... starting to charge for (application) software, SE services, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

the company had big issue with SE training ... previously it had essentially been sort of apprentice as part of large group on customer site. With unbundling ... they couldn't figure out how to *NOT* charge for the apprentice SEs at customer location. Eventually they came up with HONE ... branch office access to several cp67 datacenters around the US for working with operating systems running in virtual machine (HONE - Hands-On Network Environment) some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

CSC also had done port of apl/360 to cp67/cms originally for cms\apl. cms\apl then was used to start deliverying sales&marketing support tools on HONE ... which eventually came to dominate all activity ... and the SE virtual/guest operating system use dwindled away.

One of my hobbies was producting enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... including HONE. Early on, I would be asked to go on site as HONE was being clone around the world. One of the first was when EMEA hdqtrs moved from westchester to Paris. Later when I was running around doing the ECPS thing ... I would also be frequently asked to talk to the local HONE support people.

also because feature code interdependencies in 115/125, 115/125 machine orders became the first that required to be processed by HONE application ... shortly all mainframe orders were required to be processed by HONE application.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OS/360

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OS/360
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 01 Mar 2015 17:51:22 -0800
Bob Martin <bob.martin@excite.com> writes:
I just stumbled across
http://www.psexam.com/Notes-for-Computer-Science/operating-systems-history-of-operating-system-article/1960s-%E2%80%93-Disappointing-Efforts-of-IBM-to-Develop-OS/360.html

The last paragraph contains so many mistakes I'm surprised it can claim to be educational. PCP, MFT (I & II), MVT etc were a logical development path, followed by OS/370 VS1 & 2, leading to MVS. VM/370 was something else entirely.


VM/370 was simplification of (virtual machine) CP67 done at the cambridge science center in the 60s ... somewhat as alternative to the "official" virtual memory system for 360/67, TSS/360.

long-winded history by melinda ... her home page here:
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/

past posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

there was also dos/360 that morphs into dos/vs

MFT morphs into VS1 ... somewhat MFT laid out in (single) 4mbyte virtual address space.

VS2/SVS (initial release) was somewhat MVT running in CP67 16mbyte virtual machine ... a little bit of code hacked into MVT to create the page/segment tables and handle paging operations (for single virtual address space). The biggest amount of code was CCW translation ... and the initial implementation was CP67's CCWTRANS hacked into MVT EXCP processing.

VS2/MVS ... separate address space per application ... however extensive os/360 pointer-passing APIs put significant constraints on the implementation. It starts out with an 8mbyte image of the kernel occupying every 16mbyte application space. A major problem was the os/360 subsystems that were outside the kernel ... which now sat in their own address space ... but would would have application API calls using pointer-passing paradigm.

To address the pointer-passing API problem ... the 1mbyte "common segment" was created which (also) appeared in every 16mbyte virtual address (leaving 7mbytes for application) where applications could allocate storage for passed parameters and returned results.

The size of common segment needed to be increased (morphing into CSA common system area) ... proportional to number of subsystems and concurrent applications ... with 3033 large systems, customers were faced with prospect of CSA being increased to 6-7mbytes ... leaving only one or two mbytes (in each 16mbyte virtual address space) for applications

some past posts mentioning CCWTRANS hacked into MVT.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#45 authoritative IEFBR14 reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#68 EXCP access methos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#69 EXCP access methos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#7 Future architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#50 Old XDS Sigma stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#31 TOPS-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#56 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#59 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#72 Operating Systems for Virtual Machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#73 Operating Systems for Virtual Machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#52 Hercules; more information requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#61 Evolution of Floating Point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#52 360 programs on a z/10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#42 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#60 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#18 What was the historical price of a P/390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#21 QUIKCELL Doc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#45 PROP instead of POPS, PoO, et al
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#16 Region Size - Step or Jobcard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#9 EXTERNAL: Re: Problem with an edit command in tso
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#37 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#79 Speed of Old Hard Disks - adcons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#90 Two terrific writers .. are going to write a book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#72 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#44 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#45 segments and sharing, was 68000 assembly language programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#92 Question regarding PSW correction after translation exceptions on old IBM hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#115 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#16 5 Byte Device Addresses?<
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#17 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#55 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#73 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#2 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#19 How to get a tape's DSCB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#21 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#42 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#30 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#4 Query for IBM Systems Magazine website article on z/OS community
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#22 Is Microsoft becoming folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#48 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#85 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#47 Storage paradigm [was: RE: Data volumes]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#73 Storage paradigm [was: RE: Data volumes]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#47 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#18 A Brief History of Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#84 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#12 "hexadecimal"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#56 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#59 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives
Date: 02 Mar 2015
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/new-yorks-benjamin-lawksy-and-the-secs-kara-stein-and-luis-aguilar-push-for-tougher-sanctions-against-bank-executives.html

from above:
Even though, as we discussed, the SEC has serious impediments to improving its enforcement game, Commissioner Kara Stein, who has gone to war with the SEC's chairman Mary Jo White, is also pressing the agency to get tougher with bank executives who run afoul of the law. Kara Stein and her fellow Democrat commissioner are pushing for lifetime bans, similar to the type of sanction that can be imposed on brokers.

... snip ...

SEC Commissioners Push Lifetime Bans on Executives
http://blogs.wsj.com/riskandcompliance/2015/02/26/sec-commissioners-push-lifetime-bans-on-executives/

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

posts mentioning Mary Jo White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#68 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#18 Fortune's Formula: The Untold Story Of The Scientific Betting System That Beat The Casinos And Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#28 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#49 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Mar 2015 18:06:44 -0800
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
The "track crews" were called "section gangs". Even in the 1950s, there was a section gang for every 50 miles of track. Now *not* anymore... that's why the tracks are in such bad shape today!

as kid in the 50s, I would spend some summers at the family farm ... major east/west route ran through part of the farm ... and i remember track maintenance crews working on it every summer (i've brought this up before when talking about 70s B&M commuter in mass to north station ... old timers said that in the 50s, it had 60+ speed, by the 70s it was 10-15mph speed limit, some of the ties were so old that you could poke finger into them, section in acton was referred to as boxcar graveyard because of abandoned equipment from derailments; i remember news stories in the 60s about east coast railroads diverting track maintenance funds to executive bonuses and stock dividents).

some past posts mentioning B&M
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#12 Home mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#41 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#7 OT Global warming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#28 Penn Central RR computer system failure?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#14 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#62 Urban transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#83 What Makes travel Bizarre?

US railroad financial fraud goes back to the earliest days ... talks about getting construction bonds by bribing state govs., looting the operation and declaring bankruptcy and defaulting on construction bonds (although beat by more recent claims that ten times cost overrun on the boston "big-dig" went to line various pockets).
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and
http://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U

past posts referencing above articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO

past posts mentioning "big-dig"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003i.html#25 TGV in the USA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#73 Cormpany sponsored insurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#41 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#56 IBM drops Power7 drain in 'Blue Waters'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#0 Urban transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#55 TV Big Bang 10/12/09
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#14 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#15 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#18 other days around me
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#68 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#48 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#105 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Mar 2015 18:45:43 -0800
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:
Anyway, in the university's data center, they set up the 145s to each have up to 4 interactive users, mostly using PROFS. Apparently, if they let more than 4 users log on, the performance got really bad.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

story sounds like several minute trivial interactive response on undegraduate UCB VAX (bsd unix) machines.

PROFS should have been relatively late for 370/145 ... as well as initial CP67->VM370 dropped nearly all the performance enhancements that I had done as undergraduate for cp67.

i did finally get around to moving a lot of my cp67 work to vm370 ... some old email ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

which was used extensively by internal datacenters (one of my hobbies was providing enhanced operating systems to internal datacenters) ... including HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

i've periodically mentioned that during FS, lots of 370 activity was suspended and/or killed off ... although I continued to work on 370 stuff and would even periodically ridicule FS activities.
http://www.garli.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

when FS imploded and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... which was possibly major contributor to pickup lots of my stuff and release it to customers (although SHARE VM370 group regularly requested IBM to release a lot of my cp67 stuff on vm370). Large pieces were then included in VM370 release 3.

However, the lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone processor vendors market footholds. Now the 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for software (and other stuff), however the company managed to make the case with the gov. that kernel software should still be free
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

the rise of clone processor vendors was possibly major factor in decision to start charging for kernel software ... and my resource manager was selected to be the guinee pig as separately charged kernel component ... posts referencing resource manager
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
other pieces that were included were to paging subsystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

i also included in the resource manager significant amount of code changes for integrity (significantly reducing failures) and restructuring kernel operation for multiprocessor support (but not the actual multiprocessor support).

Then a separate decision was made to later release multiprocessor support ... but during this interim period, the policy was that software directly supporting hardware would continue to be free (and couldn't require charged for software). The eventual resolution was over 90% of the code in my "resource manager" was moved into the free base ... but w/o reducing the price charged for my resource manager. some past smp related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

for other drift ... for the email client, the PROFS group had picked up the code from a very early release of the internal "VMSG". some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmsg

When the author of "VMSG" tried to offer a significantly enhanced version of VMSG to the PROFS group, the PROFS group tried to get him fired (having taken credit for the email client in PROFS). The whole thing slightly settled down when the VMSG author demonstrated that every PROFS message in the world carried his initials in a non-displayed field. After that, the VMSG author only shared the code with me and one other person. some past posts mentioning PROFS & VMSG
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#46 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#35 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#39 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#40 Newbie TOPS-10 7.03 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#58 history of CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#34 VSE (Was: Re: Refusal to change was Re: LE and COBOL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#13 Mainframe Virus ????
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#43 FULIST
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#23 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#13 Why is switch to DSL so traumatic?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54 An old fashioned Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#55 An old fashioned Christmas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#59 Happy 20th Birthday, AS/400
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#64 spool file tag data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#1 DEC-10 SOS Editor Intra-Line Editing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#44 sysout using machine control instead of ANSI control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#61 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#67 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#83 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#81 A History of VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#82 A History of VM Performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#57 SNA/VTAM Misinformation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#11 History of APL -- Software Preservation Group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#6 Robert Morris, man who helped develop Unix, dies at 78
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#44 CMS load module format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#60 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#15 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#30 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#141 With cloud computing back to old problems as DDos attacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#17 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#47 You Don't Need a Cyber Attack to Take Down The North American Power Grid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#66 Arthur C. Clarke Predicts the Internet, 1974
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#26 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#33 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#105 Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM Cambridge Scientific Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#39 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Mar 2015 19:04:47 -0800
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:
We had a DEC VAX-11/780 where the WHOLE system cost $200K, and easily ran 8 interactive users and a couple batch jobs. When you had 8 users on, you could JUST tell that the system was busy, but it was totally usable for editing, compiling, looking at result files, etc. The 145 CPUs ALONE cost $200K used, and were not that much of an earlier generation machine. Each 145 had 4X the memory of our VAX, too.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#43 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

note that 370/145 was nearly decade earlier than 780. the follow-on for the 370/145 was 370/148 in the mid-70s ... and where I originally did ECPS ... microcode assist moving part of kernel software into microcode. the 370 vertical microcode avg. ten microprocessor instructions per 370 instruction. ECPS dropped kernel instructioins into microcode on approx. 1-for-1 basis getting ten times performance improvement. ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21 370 ECPS VM microcode assist

followon to 370/148 was 4341 and contemporary with 780 .... had approx. same throughput and price/performance and sold into the same mid-range market in similar numbers ... for small unit number orders. the big difference was the large corporate multiple hundred 4341 orders placing them out into departmental areas ... sort of the leading edge of the distributed computing tsunami.

for little more 780 drift, decade of vax sales sliced&diced
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0 Computers in Science Fiction

some old 43xx email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 03 Mar 2015 19:41:28 -0800
hancock4 writes:
Our mainframe was being upgraded to handle other expanding applications (IIRC, going from a 158 to a 3032). There was plenty of room for our application.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#43 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#44 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

303x trivia ... in the made rush to get products back into the 370 pipelines after FS imploded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

the Q&D 303x effort was kicked off in parallel with 3081 ... some other discussion here.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

first they took the 158-3 engine with the integrated channel microcode (and w/o the 370 microcode) and created the 303x external channel box (channel director, six channels supported by the 158 integrated channel microcode).

3031 was then 158-3 engine with the 370 microcode and w/o the integrated channel microcode and 2nd 158-3 engine with only the integrated channel microcode as an external channel box.

3032 was 168-3 with the 303x (158-3 engine with integrated channel microcode) channel director replacing its earlier external channel boxes.

3033 was 168-3 logic initially mapped to 20% faster chips ... there was some late logic rework that managed to get 3033 up to 1.5 times 168-3 (and it used 303x channel director for its external channels).

I've periodically referenced that cluster of 4341s had more processing power than 3033, was much less expensive than 3033, cluster had small aggregate footprint than 3033 as well as using less power & air conditioning. inside IBM, the proliferation of 4341s out into departmental areas also significantly took strain off of the increasingly constrained datacenters.

science center had not also done virtual machines and a lot of other stuff ... but was also responsible for the majority of the internal network technology (internal network larger than the arpanet/internet from just beginning until sometime late 85 or early 86)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
... and was also used for the corporate sponsored univ bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

at the 1jan1983 cutover from arpanet IMPs to internetworking tcp/ip, there were approx. 100 IMPs nodes and 255 connected hosts ... when the internal network was quickly approaching 1000 nodes (in large part because of the explosion in vm/4341 nodes) ... which it passed a little later in 1983. trivia ... list of corporate locations that added network nodes during 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address

note at one point the head of POK attempted to limit the 4341 (cluster) competition on 3033s by getting corporate to cut in half the allocation of a critical 4341 manufacturing component.

some recent posts mentionint 303x
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#83 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#103 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#20 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#70 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#5 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#10 R.I.P. PDP-10?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#25 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#26 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#71 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#11 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#13 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#88 IBM sees boosting profit margins as more important than sales growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#74 SD?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#105 IBM 360/85 vs. 370/165
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#87 a bit of hope? What was old is new again

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 04 Mar 2015 14:58:33 -0800
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
BTW, I had some 3168 documentation that mentioned a micro-order to test for the addressing mode. Was that cxarried forward to the 303[23] but never used, or just dropped?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#43 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#44 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#45 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

i don't remember, which addressing mode? My understanding 3032 was exactly 168-3 ... but with new covers and using 303x channel director (158-3 engine with just integrated channel microcode) for external channels in place of its earlier external channels. Remember 303x was really q&d mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines after the death of FS (during FS, 370 efforts had been killed off, which was also credited with giving clone processor vendors market foothold)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
and
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

big mvoe from 168-1 to 168-3 was doubling cache size from 16kbytes to 32kbytes. 168 used low order displacement (from address) to index cache entries ... doubling cache size required that the use of the 2k bit. It worked fine with 4kbyte pages ... but would only use half the cache when running in 2kbyte page mode (i.e. basically performance of 168-1).

the big problem came when running dos/vs or vs1 (both used 2kbyte pages). when switching between 2k&4k page mode, 168-3 had to completely flush the cache and start over. VM370 normally ran in 4kbyte page mode ... however, it would build shadow page tables in whatever the virtual machine specified. dos/vs or vs1 under vm370 on 168-3 would run slower than 168-1 because of the enormous number of cache flushes switching back&forth between 2kbyte and 4kbyte page modes.

370/xa to address the enormous MVS problem with ingrained pointer passing API and applications calling subsystems residing in different virtual address space came up with multiple virtual address space mode ... subsystems would have to be upgrading to be able to access data in the caller's virtual address space (using the passed pointer).

i've mentioned that large 3033 customers were endanger of exhausting the 16mbyte virtual address space for each application ... because of the 8mbyte kernel image that was in every address space and the possibility that the common system area might have to be increased to 8mbytes (that would solve the problem since there would be nothing left for applications to use and therefor there would be no common system use or applicatio API calls).

In any case, for MVS, eventually somebody retrofitted a little of 370/xa to 3033 as "dual address space" mode. Modified subsystems and APIs could skip having to use common system area ... with subsystems being able to directly access calling application virtual address space (using API passed pointer).

Trivia ... same person was involved in effort to use 801/Iliad risc as microprocessors for the low & mid-range 370s. After those efforts imploded, he left and went to work at HP labs on snake and later was one of the principle arthcitects of Itanium. sold old 801/risc email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#801
past 801/risc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

other 3033 trivia ... I've mentioned working on 5-way SMP for 370/125 when that got killed (in part because the 138/148 people viewed it as competitive ... and I was also working with them on 138/148 ECPS), several of us got involved in 16-way 370 SMP effort. We co-opted the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (it was lot more interesting than mapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips) ... all before 3033 was announced/shipped. Lots of people thot it would really be great ... until somebody told the head of POK (high-end mainframe land) that it might be decades before MVS had 16-way SMP support ... and then the head of POK invited several of us to never visit POK again ... and told the processor engineers to get their noses back to the 3033 grindstone and don't be distracted.

Another Q&D retrofit for 3033 was MVS getting enormously bloated, not only was it having difficulty getting effective work done in 16mbyte virtual address spaces ... but was also having trouble getting reasonable throughput in 16mbyte real storage (31bit real/virtual doesn't come along until 3081). So how to have 64mbyte real storage when 370 addressing was limited to 24bit/16mbyte.

The hack involved allowing 24bit virtual addresses to map to 26bit real addresses. The 370 page-table entry was 16bits, 12bit (real) page number, two defined flag/bits and two undefined bits. The hack involved redefining the two undefined bits to be prepended to the 12bit (real) page number for 14bits for 16384 4kbyte real pages or 64mbytes. 370s introduced IDALs which got around overrun problem with channel programs ... and were 32bit fields ... which was then used to be able to perform I/O into and out of the >16mbyte area ("above the line").

Instructions couldn't have more than 16mbyte addresses, but 16mbyte virtual addresses could be translated into 64mbyte real/effective addresses. This was done independently of dual-address space mode ... and various kernel functions required being able to directly address data above the 16mbyte line. The solution was to bring down virtual pages above the 16mbyte line to below the 16mbyte line for direct addressability by such functions. POK originally had design that they would write the desired "above the line" virtual page to disk and then read it back in "below the line". I gave them a page-table hack where the above-the-line real page number was stuffed in page-table entry and the below-the-line real page number was stuffed in another page-table entry and the contents of the page copied (much easier than writing it out and reading it back in again).

past posts mentioning 16mbyte line:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#57 Hardest Mistake in Comp Arch to Fix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#41 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#13 Today's mainframe--anything to new?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#1 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#30 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#26 IEH/IEB/... names?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#13 VM maclib reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#5 3380-3390 Conversion - DISAPPOINTMENT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#2 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#27 Old Hashing Routine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#32 I/O in Emulated Mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#59 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#39 VLIW pre-history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#1 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#12 Fantasy-Land_Hierarchal_NUMA_Memory-Model_on_Vertical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#71 308x Processors - was "Mainframe articles"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#87 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#36 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#26 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#126 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#57 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#48 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#83 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#62 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#22 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 04 Mar 2015 15:14:04 -0800
Michael Black <et472@ncf.ca> writes:
I saw one of those recently, maybe it was in a movie. Initially I thought the rims just road on the rails (like something out of a James Bond film) but this one had tires, so I assumed it was modified in some way to ride the rails.

Rail traffic is still big, even if it's all mostly freight rather than passengers in North America. SO it's no surprise they have those specialized vehicles, just that we often don't see them.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

in the past we've had discussion about having pretty much exhuasted ways of looting the rail companies ... they've had to somewhat settle down to just running business ... while large freight trucking companies have been provided an enormous subsidy with the road system.

the issue is that 18wheeler heavy freight provides almost the only wear&tear on roads which have to be designed for lifetime heavy freight axle-ton mile load ... other traffic is negligible wear&tear ... but highway costs are spread across everybody ... effectively providing heavy trucking enormous subsidy.

past posts mentioning ESAL &/or heavy truck axle-load
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002j.html#41 Transportation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#5 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#10 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#12 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#15 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#19 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#24 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#26 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#32 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#35 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#46 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#48 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#49 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#50 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#51 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#52 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#53 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#54 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#56 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#57 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#59 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#60 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#61 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#62 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#0 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#5 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#6 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#11 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#23 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#2 Overweight truckers stopped by tech checks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#97 Loads Weighing Heavily on Roads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#55 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#48 fraying infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#68 Historian predicts the end of 'science superpowers'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#25 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#36 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#37 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#54 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#41 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#61 Idiotic cars driving themselves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#52 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#28 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#29 "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#168 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's One Hundred Year History Is About Cash, Culture and Mutualism

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM's One Hundred Year History Is About Cash, Culture and Mutualism
Date: 04 Mar 2015
Blog: IBM - Past and Present Employees
IBM's One Hundred Year History Is About Cash, Culture and Mutualism
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ibms-one-hundred-year-history-cash-culture-mutualism-greulich

rivia; 23jun1969 unbundling announcement ... starting to charge for (application) softare, se services, etc. Company did manage to make the case with the gov. that kernel/system software should still be free.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

problem was that se training was sort of apprenticeship as part of large group on customer stie ... however, nobody could figure out how not to charge for apprentice SEs that were on site. As substitute, DP came up with HONE (hands-on network environment), several (virtual machine) CP67 (precursor to VM370) datacenters around the US with online access from branch offices. SEs would get their skills by interacting with operating systems running in virtual machines. however, the science center also did a port of apl\360 to cp67/cms as cms\apl and HONE started also offering cms\apl based sales&marketing support tools ... which soon came to dominate all HONE activity ... and the virtual/guest operating system use dwindled away.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Then during the Future System period during the early 70s (was going to completely replace 360/370 and was completely different), internal politics was killing off 370 efforts ... and the lack of 370 products during this period with giving the clone processor vendors a market foothold. After FS imploded, there was a mad rush to get products back into the 370 pipeline. There was also a decision to start charging for operating system software ... (possible change because of the rise of the clone processors) and my "resource manager" was selected to be the first guinea pig .... as a result I got to spend a lot of time with the lawyers and business people on kernel software charging policies.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

As an aside, one of my hobbies was also providing enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... including HONE. Also in the early days was HONE was starting to be cloned around the world ... I was asked to go along ... one of the first was when EMEA hdqtrs moved from westchester to Paris and had to setup a HONE clone in paris.

asl change in IBM's corporate culture ... from "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Ferguson & Morris (about failure of Future System effort in the mid-70s):
and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, FS took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during FS, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

as an aside, I continued to work on 370 stuff all through the FS period, even periodically ridiculing the FS activity ... which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity. Possibly things weren't worse for me was because so many of the internal datacenters were running my custom operating systems.

Also, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (sort of precursor to social networking) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or early '86) in the late 70s and early 80s. Folklore is that when the executive committee was eventually told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. I managed to survive that also.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

from (previously internal) IBMJARGON:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

"Tandem Memos" started out with trip report I distributed about visiting Jim at Tandem. At SJR I had worked with Jim during the days of original relational/sql implementation (System/R) and he tried to palm off a lot of stuff on me when he departed to Tandem (supporting early System/R customers like BofA, consulting with the IMS DBMS group, etc). trivia, it was possible to do the tech transfer to Endicott for SQL/DS "under the radar" because the company was pre-occupied with the next new greatest DBMS, "EAGLE". When "EAGLE" imploded, there was request for how fast would it take to port System/R to MVS (eventually becomes DB2).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OT: swiss franc

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: OT: swiss franc
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 06 Mar 2015 17:32:18 -0800
some recent from zero hedge

"It's Carnage" - Swiss Franc Soars Most Ever After SNB Abandons EURCHF Floor; Macro Hedge Funds Crushed
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-15/its-tsunami-swiss-franc-soars-most-ever-after-snb-abandons-eurchf-floor-macro-hedge
S&P Tumbles 15 Points At Open, Erases All ECB QE Gains; EURUSD Opens Below 1.1150 As Traders Seek Safety Of Swiss Franc
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-25/eurusd-opens-below-11150-traders-seek-safety-swiss-franc
The Swiss Franc Is Getting Crushed
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-26/swiss-franc-getting-crushed
Swiss Franc Tumbles Then Soars, On Suspected Failed SNB Intervention
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-27/swiss-franc-tumbles-then-soars-suspected-failed-snb-intervention
Is The Swiss Franc Tumbling Due To Month-End SNB Window-Dressing?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-01-29/swiss-franc-tumbling-due-month-end-snb-window-dressing
Swiss Franc Is Tumbling, Retraces 60% Of SNB Move
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-02-18/swiss-franc-tumbling-retraces-60-snb-move
Swiss Franc Plunges On FinMin "Minimum Exchange Rate" Comment
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-03-04/swiss-franc-plunges-finmin-minimum-exchange-rate-comment

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 06 Mar 2015 18:45:51 -0800
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
big mvoe from 168-1 to 168-3 was doubling cache size from 16kbytes to 32kbytes. 168 used low order displacement (from address) to index cache entries ... doubling cache size required that the use of the 2k bit. It worked fine with 4kbyte pages ... but would only use half the cache when running in 2kbyte page mode (i.e. basically performance of 168-1).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#39 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#43 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#44 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#45 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#46 Connecting memory to 370/145 with only 36 bits

low&mid range 370 used "vertical" microcode processor and were characterized as avg. number of native instructions per 370 instruction (around ten).

high-end 370 were horizontal microcode processor which did more things in parallel ... so were characterized as avg. number of machine cycles per 370 instruction.

microcode optimized for 168-3 reduced the avg. number of machine cycles from 2.1 on 168-1 to 1.6 on 168-3.

i didn't know there were tests for 32bit addressing mode in 168-3 microcode ... but if there were it is possible left over from early 370 virtual memory architecture which had provisions for operating more like tss/360 on 360/67 ... including assuming that there would be a better mapping between file operations and virtual memory operation.

however, starting with (difficulty) retrofitting virtual memory hardware to 370/165 ... some of the original features of 370 virtual memory architecture started being dropped ... in large part because the POK favorite son operation system os/360 mvt, os/2 (svs & mvs) said they didn't need them (basically os/360 mvt laid out in virtual memory).

some of this is alluded to in this old account of decision to make everything virtual memory ... based on MVT storage management was so bad ... that application region needed four times the memory typically used ... a typical four region 1mbyte 165 ... could get 16 region on 1mbyte 165 with virtual memory and still have little or no actual paging (and much higher level multiprogramming and throughput)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

however, other tailoring of high-end mainframes for MVS was also going on. 168 had 128-entry, 4-way associative (32 groups) translation look-aside buffer with a 7-entry sto-stack.

"sto" is segment table origin ... basically used to identify each unique virtual address space. every TLB entry has a 3bit identifier ... indicated invalid ... or belonging to one of seven saved virtual address spaces (lower end 370s would have TLB that was completely reset everytime control register was loaded with different STO; high-end would try and keep TLB entries across several STO changes).

except for MVS, most of virtual memory systems started at virtual memory zero and increasingly allocated from low storage ... there would be decreasing use as virtual addresses got larger. However, MVS started out splitting splitting 16mbyte virtual address space in half, 8mbyte for the kernel and (supposedly) 8mbyte for application. One of the 168 TLB virtual address lookup bits was the 8mbyte bit (effectively giving half the TLB entries to the kernel and half the TLB entries for applications). Lots of other operating systems would tend to only make use half the 168 TLB entries (because they tended to have much less use of virtual address above 8mbytes).

misc. past posts mentioning 168 7-entry STO stack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#40 using >=4GB of memory on a 32-bit processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#12 Page Table - per OS/Process
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#37 Does PowerPC 970 has Tagged TLBs (Address Space Identifiers)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#11 Exceptions at basic block boundaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#8 Non Power of 2 Cache Sizes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#59 IBM to the PCM market(the sky is falling!!!the sky is falling!!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#1 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#2 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#75 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#2 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#36 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Mar 2015 11:10:22 -0800
00000047540adefe-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Bill Johnson) writes:
Bankruptcies are rarely a good thing. I've been through one.

trivia ... stockman goes into some detail about stock buybacks (including IBM's) and characterizes them as mini-form of LBO.
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

because of bad rep from the S&L crisis, the industry changed its name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" become "high-yield bonds".

industry has been borrowing money for LBO and has been characterized as similar to house flipping. Difference is that the loan goes on the bought company's books and goes with it after flipping (rather than paid off; private equity can sell for less than they paid and still walk away with boat loads of money ... totally aside from what they might loot from the company). the enormous (LBO) debt load has over half corporate defaults involving companies currently or formally in private equity clutches. ... ref
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

AMEX was in competition with KKR for LBO of RJR ... and KKR wins. the president of AMEX had been in competition to be the next CEO and wins. However, KKR is then having some problems with RJR and hires the president of AMEX away to turn it around. Then IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being broken up into the 13 "baby blues". The board hires the former AMEX president away to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup ... and then begins to apply some of the same techniques used at RJR (also start to see big upswing in stock buybacks)
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
stock buyback
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 10:15:21 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
The first in "battle of britain" series at the Historic flt foundation yesterday (covered from end of WW1 up until start of battle of britain) ... somebody asked who it was that aided Germany's economic recovery during the 20s & 30s ... in large part it was John Foster; The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, a few of the refs

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#66 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#67 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#68 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#70 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#14 LEO

the latest in "battle of britain" series was on the blitz. it started off explaining that Hitler had mandated that only military and industrial locations were to be targeted. In a german raid on london docks a few of the bombs went outside the area. Churchill got really mad and had flight of 50 bombers hit Berlin. In retaliation, Hitler removed restrictions and started the blitz.

they also talked about some of the difficulty that germany had in locating/identifying military & industrial targets for bombing

The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

talks about US army air corp focus on strategic bombing being able to make the big difference in the war. It mentions the (myopic) focus on building strategic long range heavy bombers and they effectively assumed that they would face no opposition in german air space ... not bothering to build any long range fighters, basically ignoring the experience from "battle of britain" when the british were able to mount defense. In 1943 strategic bombing of Germany, they basically had to relearn the lesson of the "battle of britain" for themselves before they would start building long range fighters for escort/defense.

also from the law of unintended consequences ... regarding John Foster Dulles being major force in rebuilding Germany economy & military industry ... the 1943 AAC strategic bombing was (also) faced with identifying targets ... AAC eventually acquired a large trove of documents that were in NYC giving location and detailed plans of german military industry and bases.

on the other hand, in Oct1944, Roosevelt commissioned the Strategic Bomber Survey (USSBS), in part because long range strategic heavy bombers accounted for 1/3rd of ww2 spending ... which found that strategic bombing contributed little to the war effort.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_bombing_survey

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#92 Off topic screeds (was Re: Friden Flexowriter equipment series)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#40 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 10:48:32 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
the latest in "battle of britain" series was on the blitz. it started off explaining that Hitler had mandated that only military and industrial targets were to be targeted. In a german raid on london docks a few of the bombs went outside the area. Churchill got really mad and had flight of 50 bombers hit Berlin. In retaliation, Hitler removed restrictions and started the blitz.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
also:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/XqUTXX7cRKL

presentation also talked some about electronic flight path/guidance and automatic bombing.

radio stations on the continent broadcasting tightly focused radio beam. Flight path/guidance was strong steady signal with a "dash" signal being broadcast to one side and a "dot" signal to the other side.

there were a couple different systems to determine whether they were over target. One was automatic response from the bomber ... and the round-trip elapsed time would tell the distance along the flight path. another was three beams at right angles intersecting the flight path beam spaced five km apart. The first two signals would automatically prepare for release of the bombs with the final signal automatically releasing the bombs.

British countermeasures were both jamming signals as well as spoofing a valid signal misdirecting planes and bombs.

"The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" loc2574-77:
Two problems contributed to this ineffectiveness: First, the aircraft used by the American 8th Air Force were designed for strategic campaigns like the CBO and were built to operate effectively at high altitudes. The famed B-17 had a service ceiling of 35,800 feet, and the B-24 could operate at 28,000 feet. Despite all claims of that time and since the war, at that height even the fabled Norden bomb-sight was incapable in delivering precision bomb loads.

... snip ...

and then using strategic heavy bombers for low-level tatical battlefield bombing loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.54

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

National Security and Double Government

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: National Security and Double Government
Date: 09 Mar 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/5pRydBMgxwE

National Security and Double Government
http://www.amazon.com/National-Security-Government-Michael-Glennon-ebook/dp/B00NGO9E6I/

The Trumanite description glosses over the enormous privatization of the government that occurred last decade. This has 70% of the budget and at least half the people are "for-profit" companies
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

also during the last decade there was rapid proliferation of the Success of Failure culture in the for-profit gov. work.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Part of the issue is that gov agencies can't lobby; however there have been claims that 10% of appropriations for for-profit work is expected to be split between lobbyists and congress. Once the beltway starts feeding on that ... there is little way to reverse. Part of a 2008 presidential platform was to reverse all that privatization, but it has yet to happen.

and
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

from above:
Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.
... snip ...

like this private equity
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/30/k-k-r-hires-petraeus/

note the industry had got such a bad rep during the S&L crisis that they changed their name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" became "high yield bonds".

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

other private-equity trivia, AMEX was in competition with KKR for LBO of RJR ... and KKR wins.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

the president of AMEX had been in competition to be the next CEO and wins. However, KKR is then having some problems with RJR and hires the president of AMEX away to turn it around. Then IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being broken up into the 13 "baby blues". The board hires the former AMEX president away to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup ... and then begins to apply some of the same techniques used at RJR (also start to see big upswing in stock buybacks)
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Do we really?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Do we really?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 10:36:33 -0700
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
A few years back one "architect" where I worked attempted to declare one editor as the corporate direction. That blew up quite nicely in his face. A well deserved outcome. Lots of companies have gone down this ISO=9xxx route where they attempt to define everything. I always notice that all the documented procedures leave a wide margin around the actual activities of developers. They can define things like work plans, but these procedures say little to nothing about the coding process. Good thing.

a lot of iso-9xxx is towards repetitive manufacturing ... making things consistent

this shows up in numerous Boyd related discussions ... training for agile adaptability ... or training for following prescribed procedures (along with rigid, top-down, command&control, and whether there is assumption that the people involved are trusted/knowledgeable in what they are doing). some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#33 Power grid groans, blackouts roll through L.A. area as heat wave nears peak
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?

past boyd related posts &/or URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

semi-related is the assumed proficiency in programming language (compareable to proficiency in natural language) ... or doing rote translation from description. In Boyd scenarios this is fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM

programming language proficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#9 Where did the hacker ethic go?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#11 Where did the hacker ethic go?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#24 Why Coder Pay Isn't Proportional To Productivity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#39 Zen and Connaturality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#74 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#49 Ada's fate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#65 Is coding the new literacy?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

New Principles of Operation (and Vector Facility for z/Architecture)

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: New Principles of Operation (and Vector Facility for z/Architecture)
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Mar 2015 11:05:51 -0700
sipples@SG.IBM.COM (Timothy Sipples) writes:
The IBM z13's ~139 SIMD instructions are different and new, yes. I expect that they represent a perfect functional superset of the long ago discontinued S/390 Vector Facility. However, it's probably not particularly useful to draw many parallels (!) with that older product. Yes, they are very different. As one example, every IBM z13 processor core incorporates the new SIMD instructions as a standard included feature. That's a much different, much lower latency design than the old, optional S/390 Vector Facility.

If you have older code that was able to exploit the S/390 Vector Facility, I expect you could adapt it to exploit the new SIMD instructions. IBM's latest compilers can often help. However, you can do much, much more with the new instructions. Please see my other post about the IBM MASS and ATLAS libraries, for example. This IBM "redpiece" introduction is also a good, quick read:


the 3090 processor engineers complained some about adding vector to 3090. their claim was big part of vector was that floating point processing was so slow ... that the typical memory bus utilization was very low ... as a result it was possible to have large number of floating point execution units running concurrently and still not saturate the memory bus. they claimed that they had improved 3090 floating point processing ... so that scalar floating point was capable of keeping memory bus busy. they felt that adding vector to 3090 was pure marketing (since most applications would saturate memory bus just doing scalar floating point ... and adding additional concurrent floating point execution units would rarely increase effective throughput).

these days the massive supercomputers have both the data and the execution split across tens of thousands of systems.

SIMD greatly expanded type of things being done
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_SIMD_Extensions

part of this is that number of chip transisters have exploded and they are constantly looking for what they can do with all those transisters (other than design complexity, little incremental cost ... even that is mitigated with standard chip design libraries)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economics of Mainframe Technology

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Economics of Mainframe Technology
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 10 Mar 2015 15:09:08 -0700
Arthur.Gutowski@GM.COM (Art Gutowski) writes:
If my notes are accurate from Ross' Keynote address to SHARE attendees in Seattle, mainframes account for 68% of production workloads, but only 6% of IT spend (exclusive of aggregate labor costs across platforms). Given the armies of sysadmins to support *nix and windoze platforms, I gotta believe labor costs on these platforms eclipse those of the mainframe.

at industry level ... one of the industries that didn't migrate off mainframe was financial ... which tends to have much higher profit margin than others. in the 90s, there was big effort in the financial industry to migrate to "killer micros" as lots of other industries were doing ... that failed. those failures had much higher consequences in financial ... and so they've tended to retrench and minimize their risks for some period.

at datacenter level ... a large cloud megadatacenter will have hundreds of thousands of systems (more processoring than the aggregate of all mainframes in the world today), massively automated with staff of 80-120 people. large cloud operators have claimed for a decade or more that they assemble their own systems for 1/3rd the cost of brand name vendors ... along with news about server chip vendors starting to ship more chips to cloud operations than to brand name vendors (possibly motivation for IBM to sell off their server chip business).

there have been rumors that some of the brand name server vendors have been doing side cloud business ... for large volume order they will price close to that of the costs that the large cloud operators claim (where the massive automation is migrating out into corporations running their own clouds).

recent posts on subject:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#38 Meet Cobol's hard core fans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#76 This Was the Very First Website In the US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#119 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
Date: 10 Mar 2015
Blog: Facebook
Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War
https://consortiumnews.com/2015/03/09/neocons-guided-petraeus-on-afghan-war-2/

gov. take-over by the private-equity industry
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
and the rapid spreading Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
and revolving door
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/30/k-k-r-hires-petraeus/

suggest also Stockman's "The Great Deformation" and Kosman's "The Buyout of America"

for some reason the govexec.com (Success of Failure) URL frequently requires to be clicked twice, 1st time seems to be some sort of filter. The previous post has references to two major private-equity companies, KKR and Carlyle.

AMEX was in competition with KKR for LBO of RJR ... and KKR wins.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

note the industry had got such a bad rep during the S&L crisis that they changed their name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" became "high yield bonds".

the president of AMEX had been in competition to be the next CEO and wins. However, KKR is then having some problems with RJR and hires the president of AMEX away to turn it around. Then IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being broken up into the 13 "baby blues". The board hires the former AMEX president away to resurrect IBM and reverse the breakup ... and then begins to apply some of the same techniques used at RJR (also start to see big upswing in stock buybacks)
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

First part of century, former president of AMEX leaves as head of IBM and becomes head of Carlyle (take-overs includes BAH).
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

This draws analogy between private-equity take-overs and house-flipping, except they put the loan on the bought company's books which goes with it when its flipped; they can even sell for less than they paid and still walk away with boat-loads of money. The victim companies have enormous debt load resulting in over half corporate defaults:
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

other trivia: ... the looser in the competition for the next CEO of AMEX leaves, taking his protegee and goes to Baltimore acquiring what has been described as "loan sharking" business. They make some other acquisitions and eventually acquire Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of glass-steagall (enabling too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail and too big to manage). The protegee leaves and becomes head of one of the other too big to fail.

Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A-10

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A-10
Date: 10 Mar 2015
Blog: Facebook
from older A-10 discussions

Burton (pentagon wars) loc6713-20:
footnote from Fahd Squad Operation Desert Storm Combat Recap there is table of A10 confirmed ... tanks: 987, artillery 926, armored carriers 501, trucks 1,106, command vehicles 249, military structures 112, radars 96, helicopters (shot down) 2, bunkers 72, AAA 50, command posts 28, SCUD 51, FROG 11, SAMs 9, fuel tanks 8, fighter aircraft (on ground) 10

... snip ...

Burton mentions that the they managed to get A10 30mm shell down to $13.

also there was million 30mm rounds in Desert Storm ($13M) and 5,013 Mavericks @$144,000 ($72M) and that 30mm accounted for significantly more damage (of all kinds) than the Mavericks (and that Mavericks at long range may have contributed to friendly fire casualties)

also GAO report on air war
https://www.fas.org/man/gao/nsiad97134/app_04.htm
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

...

past discussions have requirements for F35 done in mid-90s based on stealth assumptions for '80s radar technology. this goes into much more detail on the subject ... as well as F35 was effectively cost-reduced, compromised design as a "bomb truck" assuming F22 flying cover to handle threats
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html

from above:
The Joint Strike Fighter is not designed to perform air superiority roles, unlike the larger F-22A, and is not well adapted to performing the penetrating long range strike role filled by the F-111 until 2010.

There has been considerable adverse press associated with JSF cost overruns, project delays, and other difficulties observed in this program.


... snip ...

various supporting documents (from above)

RAAF vs F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter
http://www.ausairpower.net/jsf.html
Lockheed-Martin F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter; Assessing the Joint Strike Fighter
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-JSF-Analysis.html
Assessing Joint Strike Fighter Defence Penetration Capabilities
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html
Assessing JSF Air Combat Capabilities
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2008-08.html
How? The Deadly Question for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-05072010-1.html
F-35A CTOL JSF: The Biggest Loser
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-160407-1.html
Why F-22A Raptor instead of F-35A Joint Strike Fighter?
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-150208-1.html
Coffin Corners for the Joint Strike Fighter
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-070109-1.html
JSF Alternate Realities: ... and from whence they come
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-190209-1.html
F-35 JSF: Cold War Anachronism Without a Mission
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-030309-1.html
JSF: Through the Prism of Risk Management
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-290309-1.html
F-22A Raptor: More Bang for the Buck than F-35 JSF....with Far Less Risk
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-NOTAM-110409-1.html

another explanation is the Success of Failure scenario (this URL frequently requires clicking twice, first bring up something else or nothing, like some sort of filter.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

also makes reference to a large number of dataprocessing modernization projects (FAA, FBI, IRS, VA, etc) over the past couple decades that repeatedly failed ... not being able to replace/upgrade the prior version. Up until sometime in the 90s, large number of very complex projects completed succesfully ... then there seemed to be major cultural shift where increasingly projects were failing ... even when they were straight forward replacement for earlier versions.

for the fun of it:
http://www-01.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/SSEPH2_12.1.0/com.ibm.imsintro.doc.intro/intro_imsfromapollotoenterprise.html
IMS and the Apollo program
http://www-01.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/SSEPH2_12.1.0/com.ibm.imsintro.doc.intro/intro_imsandapollo.html?lang=en

IBM was then doing "EAGLE" as the next replacement/upgrade for IMS. This was at time when SJR was doing the original relational/SQL implementation System/R. Because the corporation was so focused on EAGLE, it was possible to get tech transfer to Endicott to get System/R out as SQL/DS (later when EAGLE imploded, there was a request how fast could System/R be ported, eventually coming out as DB2, originally for decision support only).

when Jim Gray
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Gray_%28computer_scientist%29

left SJR for Tandem, he palmed off a bunch of stuff on me, supporting early System/R customers, as well as consulting with the IMS group (random trivia, when Jim disappeared, industry mounted massive hunt).

posts mentioning system/r
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

so the Success of Failure culture is interested in "cost overruns, project delays and other difficulties" as part of maximizing profit. what other synergistic culture factors contribute to "cost overruns", and "project delays" (contributing to maximizing profits)?

one is MICC distribution of the effort into every major congressional district as a countermeasure to having the project killed. This hides behind the paradigm that having lots of independent operations running concurrently to save time and money. It is somewhat the process meme and ISO-9xxx mentality for manufacturing where the objective is to produce consistent identical part every time. It works for manufacturing consistency once the development has been done for the first one ... however the manufacturing process paradigm can have exactly the opposite effect on invention and development of the first one (instead of reducing costs and cutting time, it increases costs and causes delays).

Boeing had acquired the MICC distribution of effort paradigm with the merger of M/D and it was used for the 787. Finally one of the executive responsible for the 787 came out and said that the parceling out the development of 787 had been sold on the basis that it would save years and billions of dollars on the development ... but instead it was just the opposite, it added billions and years to the development ... and they would never(?) use that paradigm for development again (... or at least for commercial projects).

Success of Failure postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
military industrial (congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some past posts mentioning a-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#9 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#68 A-10 Attack Jets Rack Up Air-to-Air Kills in Louisiana War Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#98 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:32:02 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
And the PDP-11 pioneered memory-mapped I/O; the System/360 had MVC, but it also had channels. (Of course, later on, it did have VSAM... but that's another kettle of fish, although it's been referenced here with discussion of why we need large addresses.)

360/67 supported virtual memory and tss/360 was single-level-store architecture (filesystem mapped to memory). normal 360 had 24bit addressing ... 360/67 (and tss/360) supported both 24bit and 32bit virtual memory addressing modes ... and every process gettings its own virtual address space.

early 70s, there was massive future system effort that was going to completely replace 360/370 and was totally different (momental failure before ever being announced or shipped). however it also had single-level-store design (ala tss/360). some FS discussion
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

folklore is that after FS failure, some of the participants retreated to Rochester and did (greatly simplified) S/38 ... which also had single-level-store design point. However, s/38 had a single virtual address space ... and all file objects were uniquely mapped into that virtual address space creating requirement for 48-bit address (rather than mapping/unmapping file objects into process unique address space ... every filesystem object was assigned a permanent, unique address within a single 48-bit virtual address space).

as undergraduate I got to work weekends with (virtual machine) cp67 on universities 360/67 ... but had to share it with IBM SE playing with tss/360. We did a fortran edit, compile, & execute synthetic benchmark ... cp67/cms running the synthetic benchmark with 35 simulated users had better interactive response and throughput than tss/360 did with 4 simulated users (on same hardware running same benchmark). Part of tss/360 throughput issues was the synchronous page faults for file i/o operations.

during the FS period, I continued to work on 360/370 stuff and would even periodically ridicule the FS activity (which wasn't exactly a career enhancing activity). I also developed a paged mapped filesystem for CMS ... but I would claim that a lot of it was based on what I learned not to do from observing tss/360. Later with the death of FS there was mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines ... which contributed to decision to release a lot of my stuff to customers (one of my hobbies was producing enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... so much of the stuff was used extensively inside corporation). However, possibly because of the bad rep that page-mapped filesystem got with FS (and single-level-store) ... the CMS paged-mapped filesystem wasn't released to customers (even tho I could show three times throughput improvement on same hardware). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

The decision was made to move the os/360 batch (real storage) implementation to virtual memory. Decision was based on growing mismatch between disk i/o throughput and processor performance ... needing increasing numbers of concurrent processes (and i/o) to achieve processor utilization. The os/360 MVT storage mechanism was recognized as so inefficient that it required four times the amount of contiguous address per process (than was actually used) ... which typically resulted in only four concurrent processes on a 1mbyte real storage 360/165. With virtual memory they could get 16 concurrent processes on same hardware with little or no paging (virtual memory providing the appearance of contiguous addresses to each process).

The initial implementation was single 16mbyte virtual address space for all operation OS/VS2 SVS (very similar to OS/360 MVT running in 16mbyte virtual machine). An issue was that pointer-passing API was deeply ingrained into the environment. The move to MVS provided separate 16mbyte virtual address space for each process ... but because of the pointer-passing API ... an 8mbyte image of the kernel was mapped into every 16mbyte process virtual address space .... initially leaving only 8mbytes for process use.

However, there were also OS/360 subsystem components that resided outside the kernel that were now also in their own separate virtual address space. This made it very difficult for applications to make subsytem call using pointer-passing API. To address this opportunity they created the common segment ... a one megabyte area that appeared in every virtual address space where applications could allocate storage for parameters ... and pass pointer to the area in subsystem call. The next problem was the space needed for API calls was proportional to the concurrent processes and number of different subsystems ... common segment morphed into common system area (CSA) as customers had to increase it past 1mbyte. Large customer 3033 systems near the end of the 370 24bit era were facing having to increase the CSA to 8mbytes in every process 16mbyte virtual address space (along with the 8mbyte kernel image) ... leaving no space for actual process.

Later incarnations introduced program call/return and access registers. Access registers had multiple virtual address space pointers ... and program call used a privileged operating system table to control switch to a subsystem and at the same time switching virtual address spaces. The subsystem then can make use of multiple virtual address space addressing to access calling application parameters (making subsystem call in different address space, instead of pathlength through kernel call is all performed in hardware, as is the program return).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 16:12:05 -0700
Robert Wessel <robertwessel2@yahoo.com> writes:
The divide bug is hardly indicative of anything. The 91s/95s/195s had miniscule MTBFs - IOW the whole machine was buggy. And they didn't even implement the ISA properly. And IBM sold something like 45. Combined. Of all four models.

And the Pentium pipelining, while requiring some instruction paring to work, didn't need a kludge like fxchg for integer code.

But why, if you looking at the microarchitecture would you compare the Pentium and the 195? The P-Pro seems a much better comparison.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#60 ou sont les VAXen d'antan, was Variable-Length Instructions that aren't

during the FS period I got sucked into working with the 370/195 engineers on hyperthreading enhancement ... aka simulating two processor operation with one bit flag identifying which instruction stream that work belonged to in the pipeline. idea from earlier in ACS/360 ... discussed near the end of this discussion of end of ACS:
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

the issue was that machine throughput was 10mips ... but didn't have branch prediction or speculative execution ... so branches stalled the pipeline ... and as a result most code ran at 5mips (required careful construction to get 10mips) ... in any case, idea was that two half-rate instructions streams could get ten mip effective throughput (but never announced or shipped)

in any case, the 370/195 engineers claimed a major change from 360/195 to 370/195 was hardware instruction retry that masked a lot of the transient errors (and improved 370/195 system MTBF).

posts mentioning FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys
posts mentioning multiprocessor (and/or compare&swap instruction)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

SJR had 370/195 that ran os/mvt batch well into the late 70s ... however, it could have 3month turn-around queue ... even for high priority work it could have 1month turn-around queue.

palo alto science center did some work on checkpointing for batch work on the vm370/cms 370/145 for compute intensive work that would run in background and offshift. stuff that was a couple hrs of 370/195 compute time (on sjr machines) might take a month elapsed time on their 145 ... but that was still better than the 370/195 turn-around.

one of the high-priority jobs was disk design air-bearing simulation written in PLI for floating head design ... but it was still getting a couple week turn around for a couple hrs of 10mips processing.

the disk division had two machine rooms running around-the-clock, pre-scheduled stand alone processors for dedicated testing, one in bldg. 14 for disk enginneering development test, and one in bldg. 15 for disk product test. at one point they had tried running MVS in order to support concurrent testing ... but in that environment MVS had 15min MTBF (requiring manual system restart). I offerred to rewrite i/o subsystem to make it bullet proof and never fail ... so they could do concurrent testing (significantly improving productivity). As a byproduct of this, even concurrent disk testing used only a percent or two of processor ... the machines then could be made available for general online use.

Bldg. 15 product test lab got one of the first 3033 engineering processors so that they could do disk i/o testing of both the 3033 as well as the 303x external channel director. We managed to get the air-bearing simulation application moved off the 370/195 over to the 3033 ... and even tho it only got about 4.5mips throughput (less than half the 370/195) ... they were then able to get a couple turn-arounds a day ... rather than one or two a month.

misc. past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 12 Mar 2015 09:39:00 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Then discovered that there were lots of native Irish there before. Many of the Scots-Irish moved on to what was to be the USA, and provided many Presidents. In Ireland in the 1700s, there were basically three groups, Church of Ireland (the establishment), Other non establishment protestants, and at the bottom, the Catholics.

Fiske's histories (from the 1880s) has the US gov. completely different if it had been up to the English settlers in north atlantic states (aka oligarchs) ... but for the influence of the scots-irish settlers in the mid-atlantic states. James Webb also touches on it in his book: "How the Scots-Irish Shaped America"

"Web of Debt: The Shocking Truth About Our Money System and How We Can Break Free" has the framers of the consitution sending Jefferson off as minister to France while they drafted the constitution in secrecy. when the states didn't approve the constitution, they brought Jefferson back to write the "bill of rights" ... finally getting approval for the new gov.

"Why Nations Fail" spends quite a bit of time looking at independent action (supported by universal education) contrasted to rigid, top-down, command&control

One of the examples, was that English 1607 Jamestown settlement started out emulating the Spanish model ... enslave the local inhabitants and live off their efforts. However, the local inhabitants didn't cooperate and the settlement almost starved the first two years. They then started sending over people ("leet-man") from the British isles to fill the role (charters granted by English crown):
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the 'leet-men', with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."

... snip ...

inequality refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past posts mentioning Fiske's histories:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#22 You can't do the math without the words
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#2 Did they apply Boyd's concepts?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#13 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#75 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Do we really?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Do we really?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 13 Mar 2015 14:38:15 -0700
"Charles Richmond" <numerist@aquaporin4.com> writes:
ISTM that the following will apply here:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principle_of_least_astonishment

Thing should work the way most people would think they work.


NIH NLM of medicine was saying by the early 80s, they had so many items boolean logic queries tended to be bimodel out in 5-6 values with either hundreds of thousands of results or zero results ... the holy grail was a query that returned more than zero but less than several hundred.

in the early 80s, a query application "Grateful Med" originally for apple ... that defaulted to returning the number of results ... to speed up trying search strategies. past posts mentioning "Grateful Med"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#1 Off-topic everywhere [was: Re: thee and thou
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#3 Why are Mainframe Computers really still in use at all?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#0 c.d.theory glossary (repost)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#47 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#31 Google Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#88 Continous Systems Modelling Package
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#25 Old datasearches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base

the other issue was that boolean logic with 5-6 combination of ANDs/ORs values, would give results the inverse of what people expected.

something analogous is claimed for SQL and 3-value logic ... where there are unknown or nulls for some values ... that the semantics tends to result in the inverse of what people expect ... as a result nulls/unkknowns should not be allowed in sql/relational RDBMS. some past 3-value logic posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40 How to cope with missing values - NULLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#75 NULL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#15 Amusing acronym
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#35 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#19 Implementation of boolean types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#23 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#33 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#34 CJ Date on Missing Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#27 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#30 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#1 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#34 Is the Relational Database Doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#6 "hexadecimal"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#77 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#55 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#123 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#152 Is true that a real programmer would not stoop to wasting machine capacity to do the assembly?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Do we really?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Do we really?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 13 Mar 2015 15:07:44 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
NIH NLM of medicine was saying by the early 80s, they had so many items boolean logic queries tended to be bimodel out in 5-6 values with either hundreds of thousands of results or zero results ... the holy grail was a query that returned more than zero but less than several hundred.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#63 Do we really?

trivia ... NLM started with os/360 BDAM application in the 60s ... they would precompute all the single value answers ... each article was a single BDAM record number. A precomputed single value answer was a list of all the related BDAM record numbers. ANDs were intersection of two lists, ORs were combination of two lists. They found people had problem of slipping up and starting to think of ANDs as the combination ... rather than the intersection.

i had opportunity to make several customer calls in the 90s and the people from the original 60s implementation were still there. I could somewhat relate since as undergraduate in the 60s, I worked on univ. library online catalog project ... which had been selected as part of IBM betatest for original CICS product. The difference was that NLM had done their own interactive front-end (not using CICS). some past CICS &/or BDAM posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Past and Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Past and Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 13 Mar 2015 21:53:39 -0700
hancock4 writes:
All I know about 1812 is that they burned the White House (which is why it became painted white), and it has something to with the Puffed Rice cereal commercial music.

but out of respect, they didn't burn 8th&I and a couple other places

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
Date: 13 Mar 2015
Blog: Facebook
fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil

the GAO desert storm air analysis apparently was trying to be charitable to the air force (some obfuscation and misdirection) ... the intro does mention that the pentagon and manufacturers made claims for air power that were shown to be untrue and/or unsubstantiated. There is implication of some trade-off between going high for safety of planes&pilots versus accuracy, effectiveness and friendly fire casualties.

what it doesn't stress in the intro was that the air campaign went on for 38 days (17jan-23feb, before ground operations) and achieved air superiority and destroyed ground-to-air defenses early ... so by the time the ground campaign started there were few air threats (and excuse for going high), not only can CAS cover a spectrum of different conditions and solutions ... but that the conditions can also change over time even during the same engagement.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War_air_campaign

trivia: as undergraduate in the 60s I did dynamic adaptive resource management (optimally manage all the resources and competing resource requests) that was shipped in mainframe products for a couple decades. In the early 90s on business trip to Hong Kong, some recent chinese graduate asked me if I was the person responsible for it since they had studied it in school. I asked him if they understood the imbedded joke. I had done description and formulas about how it worked ... however the joke was embedded in how it would changed over time and conditions ... people somehow tended to assume that descriptions shown on paper were static (which would have severely limited its ability to dynamically adapt and change), even when specifically stated that it dynamically changed over time.

There has been numerous discussions about reasons for this. One is lots of people tend to favor single variable optimization ... and do poorly with multi-variant optimization. A similar discussion relates to Boyd's perspective for maneuver operations was possibly because pilot tends to acquire a different kind of 3-dimensional perspective compared to ground troops which tend to be much more limited 2-dminsional perspective. I've periodically extended this to discussions about adding 4-dimensional (time) perspective. This has come up in past Boyd group discussions mentioning "Flatlanders"
http://www.amazon.com/Flatland-Romance-Dimensions-Thrift-Editions-ebook/dp/B008TVFXMM/

philosophical discussions regarding the situation is most people think in language and current languages tend to have words for things like static values ... but scarcity of words for specific combination of values and/or specific combination of values changing in specific ways over time. this can wander into non-word thinking with fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil. For people conditioned to primarily dealing using known words, it can make things look significantly more complex than they actually are.

disclaimer: late 70s and early 80s I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime late '85 or early '86), folklore was that when the executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. In any case somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to study how I communicate, they sat in the back of my office for 9months (as well as going with me to meetings) taking notes on my communication, they also got copies of all my incoming&outgoing email and logs of all instant messages. The result was papers, books and Stanford PHD (joint between language and computer AI). The person had been a ESL teacher (English-as-Second-Language) for a couple decades before going back to school. An informal comment was I communicate as if English isn't my native language, aka I don't think in English (but I have no other native natural language).

past posts mentioning online computer conferencing & computer mediated conversation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

Boyd's attempt to depict multiple different variables for fighter profiles was single graph with several axis, each axis representing single value for different operational characteristic. This was used for comparing different fighters and teaching pilots the domain where they needed to operate against adversary. It then involved in use for fighter design.

posts & URLs referencing Boyd and/or OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other drift, recent A-10 ammo ref:
http://ericpalmerblog.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/reader-comments-ammo-sourcing.html

other from desert storm analysis (regard CAS spectrum) GAO/PEMD-96-10
Second, U.S. commanders were able to favor medium- to high-altitude strike tactics that maximized aircraft and pilot survivability, rather than weapon system effectiveness. This was because of early and complete air superiority, a limited enemy response, and terrain and climate conditions generally conducive to air strikes. Low-altitude munitions deliveries had been emphasized in prewar training, but they were abandoned early. The subsequent deliveries from medium and high altitudes resulted in the use of sensors and weapon systems at distances from targets that were not optimal for their identification, acquisition, or accuracy. Medium- and high-altitude tactics also increased the exposure of aircraft sensors to man-made and natural impediments to visibility.

...
A range of target types, threat conditions, and tactical and strategic objectives was best confronted with a mix of weapon systems and strike and support assets with a range of capabilities.

...
Lastly, many of DOD's and manufacturers' postwar claims about weapon system performance--particularly the F-117, TLAM, and laser-guided bombs--were overstated, misleading, inconsistent with the best available data, or unverifiable

... snip ...

The Pentagon Wars: Reformers Challenge the Old Guard, loc1259-62:
Everything about my proposal, including how the plane would be used, was diametrically opposed to the prevailing philosophy relating to the new wonder weapons of the Air Force. I wanted an airplane in the 5,000-to 10,000-pound class (one-tenth the weight of the Enhanced Tactical Fighter), one smaller than any combat airplane in the inventory (one-fourth the size of the A-10), and one that cost less than $2 million. At this price, we could flood the battlefield with swarms of airplanes.

... snip ...

America's Defense Meltdown: Pentagon Reform for President Obama and the New Congress loc3612-18:
This is a significantly smaller, more maneuverable and even more survivable improvement on the A-10. It is based on two, off-the-shelf, 9,000-pound class commercial/military turbofan engines. The aircraft would mount a much more compact, lighter and quicker-accelerating cannon system that fires the same highly lethal, combat-proven 30-mm round at the same muzzle velocity as the A-10. The weight savings of just using the smaller gun should be around 7,500 pounds. With a much smaller aircraft size also permitted by the more compact gun, and with other weight savings, the Close Support Fighter is projected to have an empty weight of less than 14,000 pounds compared to the A-10's 25,000 pounds. With 10,000 pounds internal fuel this aircraft will have range and loiter well beyond the A-10. Combat takeoff weight will be less than 25,000 pounds. At the mid-point of its combat mission, it would have a near 1:1 thrust to weight ratio.

... snip ...

military-industrial-congressional complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts with A-10 references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#45 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#49 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10

past posts mentioning fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#124 Fingerspitzengefühl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#144 Fingerspitzengefühl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#30 Age of Greed: The Triumph of Finance and the Decline of America, 1970 to the Present
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#89 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#95 Can anyone offer some insight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#59 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#84 A Conversation with Peter Thiel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#52 Does the Experiencing Self "Out-OODA" the Remembering Self?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#77 Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#48 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#92 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#63 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#77 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#91 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#64 Guest Post: Beakley on Boyd, Aerial Combat and the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#78 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#82 Beyond the 10,000 Hour Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#52 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#41 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#22 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#35 OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#123 Holy Grail for parallel programming language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#21 IBM ushers in BIGGEST EVER re-org for the cloud era, say insiders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#22 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#55 Do we really?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 14 Mar 2015 17:51:23 -0700
somebody just posted this reference to facebook

Silver Crucial For WWII Bomb
http://phys.org/news182628141.html

15,000 tons of silver and electrical energy run thru the coils was equivalent of 1400 kilotons of TNT (100 times the energy of the bomb)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do we have wars?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why do we have wars?
Date: 14 Mar 2015
Blog: Facebook
From the law of unintended consequences ... "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War" goes into some detail how John Foster was major force behind rebuilding Germany's economy and military industry in the 20s and 30s (even after Germany had invaded Poland) ... then "The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" has in 1943, US strategic bombing effort needed locations and plans for germany's military industry plants for targeting (and guess who had them in NYC). Then in Oct1944, Roosevelt commissioned the Strategic Bomber Survey (USSBS), in part because long range strategic heavy bombers accounted for 1/3rd of ww2 spending ... which found that strategic bombing contributed little to the war effort.

Recent local program on the "battle of britain", it was pointed out that the sponsor of most of the congressional neutrality legislation before ww2 was trying to counteract the enormous war profiteering that he saw during ww1 .... but the industry was trying to constantly respin neutrality as isolationism

for the fun of it ... ammo sourcing
http://ericpalmerblog.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/reader-comments-ammo-sourcing.html

"Prophets of War: Lockheed Martin and the Making of the Military-Industrial Complex" tells how some corporate reps told former soviet block countries that if they voted in the UN for the invasion of Iraq, they would get NATO membership and USAID to replace all their old soviet arms with new US arms (bought from US companies). It makes a case that the whole Iraq invasion was just a "gift" to the military-industrial complex. Directed appropriations USAID (money that can only be spent for specific purposes) is one of the ways congress can feed MICC w/o it having to show up in the DOD budget.

2010 CBO report had DOD appropriations increased a little over $2T last decade over baseline, $1+T for the two wars and another $1+T that can't be accounted for. In the 90s, congress passes a law that all federal agencies pass annual financial audit. There is some speculation that DOD might be able to finally pass a financial audit in 2017, 20yrs after it was required.

world's oldest profession comes from relatively unchanged male appetite. war has been in response to threats *OR* for resources (which can the theirs or *PROFIT*). Eisenhower's warning about the military-industrial(-congressional) complex is that if there aren't threats (and there isn't others resources), then at least manufacture something gets them paid by our own government.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

member of congress from century ago (end of WW1 was just temporary truce while weary world recovers for the next round):
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

XXX. THE LEAGUE TO PERPETUATE WAR The war has just begun. I said that when the Armistice terms were published and when I read the Treaty and the League Covenant I felt more than ever convinced of the justice of my conclusion. The Treaty of Versailles is merely an armistice--a suspension of hostilities, while the combatants get their wind. There is a war in every chapter of the Treaty and in every section of the League Covenant; war all over the world; war without end so long as the conditions endure which produce these documents.

... snip ...

Butler's "War is a Racket":
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
John Foster Dulles plays major role in Germany's economic recovery and re-arming (in 20s & 30s)
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

Recent program on "Battle of Britain" mentioning that member of congress sponsoring most of the neutrality legislation was attempt to counter the enormous war profiteering they saw in WW1. Since then it is constantly being respun as isolationism (not neutrality).

Eisenhower's warning:
http://coursesa.matrix.msu.edu/~hst306/documents/indust.html
"Economic Hit Man"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man
"Prophets of War"
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/
Spinney's "Perpetual War"
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/p/domestic-roots-of-perpetual-war.html

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

in the early 50s, Roosevelt manufactured the overthrow of Iran's democratically elected government and installed the Shah ... because of what was being done to western oil companies (that had been looting the country)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

early 90s, satellite photo analyst warns administration that Iraq is marshalling forces to invade Kuwait. The adminstration says that Saddam has told them he would do no such thing and discredits the analyst. Later, analyst finds forces are preparing to invade Saudi Arabia ... which finally results in some action.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2

admin had supported Iraq in Iraq/Iran war ... including WMDs, so somewhat conflicted about Iraq's actions ... but administration ties to Saudis are stronger than to Iraq.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Then last decade, fabricated WMDs are used to justify (another) invasion of Iraq. Cousin of white house chief of staff is dealing with Iraq at the UN and has been given proof that WMDs have been decommissioned ... she is getting ready to go public and is committed to military hospital in Texas.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

During the invasion, US decommissioned WMDs from the 80s are found, but that information is classified and not made public.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/iraqs-disclosure-of-chemical-weapons-findings-to-un.html
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

From law of unintended consequences, one account has first troops in were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs. ... when they got around to going back a million metric tons had evaporated ... large artillery shells then start showing up in IEDs. pg145, more than million metric tons evaporated while troops were looking for WMDs
http://www.amazon.com/Fiasco-American-Military-Adventure-ebook/dp/B004IATD6U/

US doesn't have a monopoly on things like Success of Failure: Mountain of Fame: Portraits in Chinese History, pg255/loc5176-83:
What was distinctive about his years in power was the way he and his allies exploited the late Qianlong combination of a flourishing commercial economy with large-scale military campaigns on the peripheries of the empire; four of the "Ten Great Completions" were after 1780. What might be called a "campaign racket" pattern was clearly visible in the 1790s, and probably earlier. Generals took a cut from the military supplies and padded the muster rolls, keeping for themselves the pay for nonexistent soldiers. They exaggerated victories, covered up defeats and stalemates, and prolonged the campaigns and thus their own profit-taking. As costs of campaigns increased, officials put enormous pressure on big merchants who depended on state licensing and monopoly privilege to make huge "voluntary contributions" to the military budget. In the 1780s there were many bankruptcies among the salt monopoly merchants of Yangzhou, the tea exporters of Guangzhou, and the overseas shipping merchants at Xiamen.

Success of Failure postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 10:32:06 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
When the Nazis failed to take Moscow before the snows set in, 1941, the war was basically over. The attack on Stalingrad the following year, and Kursk the year after, was an admission that they couldn't take the main prize, Moscow, but could nibble at th edges. By that Autumn, the Russian people knew what the Nazis long term objectives were, and knew it was fight or die.

Through a lot of incompetence, it took the (Russians|Soviets|RedArmy) years to take Berlin.

Stalin was a brutal thug, but he was not a racist as Hitler was. If the Nazis had taken Moscow in 1941, the war would probably be still going on, that was the Nazis dream, perpetual war at the edge of Europe to teach their soldiers brutality.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Guderian claims that Hitler expected to take Moscow and the russians would sue for peace/truce ... and it would be quickly over (Germany didn't have enough resources to carry on extended 2-front war). Russians just withdraw a lot of arms, industry, and plants to the east. In the 30s, Guderian had estimated that Russia had 17,000 tanks (and better than the German's). Later Guderian quotes Hitler as saying if he had believed Guderian estimates, he wouldn't have started the eastern front war.

recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations

... "The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949" mentions that 75% of the German war effort was against Russia (and 2/3rds of the Japanese effort was mainland china).

From Guderian's Panzer Leader, loc2902-3:
Hitler then said: 'If I had known that the figures for Russian tank strength which you gave in your book were in fact the true ones, I would not—I believe—ever have started this war.'

loc2903-6:
He was referring to my book Achtung! Panzer!, published in 1937, in which I had estimated Russian tank strength at that time as 10,000; both the Chief of the Army General Staff, Beck, and the censor had disagreed with this statement. It had cost me a lot of trouble to get that figure printed; but I had been able to show that intelligence reports at the time spoke of 17,000 Russian tanks and that my estimate was therefore, if anything, a very conservative one.

loc2256-58:
The military commission was so insistent on this point that eventually our manufacturers and Ordnance Office officials concluded: 'It seems that the Russians must already possess better and heavier tanks than we do.' It was at the end of July, 1941, that the T34 tank appeared at the front and the riddle of the new Russian model was solved.

loc2262-64:
At this time our yearly tank production scarcely amounted to more than 1,000 of all types. In view of our enemies' production figures this was very small. As far back as 1933 I had visited a single Russian tank factory which was producing 22 tanks per day of the Christie-Russki type.

... snip ...

John Forster Dulles played significant role in rebuilding German economy and their military industry; John Foster Dulles; The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War, loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

and another recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?

From the law of unintended consequences ... "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War" goes into some detail how John Foster was major force behind rebuilding Germany's economy and military industry in the 20s and 30s (even after Germany had invaded Poland) ... then "The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" has in 1943, US strategic bombing effort needed locations and plans for germany's military industry plants for targeting (and guess who had them in NYC). Then in Oct1944, Roosevelt commissioned the Strategic Bomber Survey (USSBS), in part because long range strategic heavy bombers accounted for 1/3rd of ww2 spending ... which found that strategic bombing contributed little to the war effort.

other recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 11:08:21 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

some amount of claims about how much Russia needed allies help comes from churchill's works ... which got prize for literature (aka more like historical fiction than history).

allies had originally promised stalin a european landing/campaign in 1942 and then in 1943 ... but nothing showed up until mid-1944

THE EUROPEAN CAMPAIGN:ITS ORIGINS AND CONDUCT (Samuel J. Newland and Clayton K. S. Chun) ... free download at
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1075

loc1408-10:
The absence of another major front to stretch German capabilities, and the inclination of Stalin to distrust two of the world's largest capitalistic countries, led to considerable resentment on the part of Stalin against the Western Allies. Since the second front did not occur until June 6, 1944, Stalin's resentment had a long time to build.

... snip ...

there is discussion of the view that Churchill kept promoting delay because he wanted Hitler & Stalin to have a slugfest for as long as possible ... so that they would be totally exhausted and UK could be major player in europe and the mid-east.

recent posts mentioning Churchill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#49 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#35 Deny the British empire's crimes? No, we ignore them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

little more topic drift
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?

... in the early 50s, Roosevelt manufactured the overthrow of Iran's democratically elected government and installed the Shah ... because of what was being done to western oil companies (that had been looting the country)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
By the early 1950s, Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. was a senior officer in the CIA's Middle Eastern division.[citation needed] At that time, there was a political crisis centered in Iran that commanded the focused attention of British and American intelligence outfits. In 1951, the Iranian parliament, under the leadership of the nationalist movement of Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh, voted unanimously to nationalize the oil industry. This shut out the immensely profitable Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC), which was a pillar of Britain's economy and political clout. A month after that vote, Mossadegh was elected prime minister of Iran.[7]

... snip ...

and little more topic dift

The East India Company: The original corporate raiders; For a century, the East India Company conquered, subjugated and plundered vast tracts of south Asia. The lessons of its brutal reign have never been more relevant
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/04/east-india-company-original-corporate-raiders

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do we have wars?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why do we have wars?
Date: 17 Mar 2015
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?

There is big overlap ... especially around war profiteering ... "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War" goes into some detail how John Foster was major force behind rebuilding Germany's economy and military industry in the 20s and 30s (even after Germany had invaded Poland).

This has reference how regulators may be bought/captured:
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/secs-andrew-bowden-regulator-sale.html

above also mentions large private-equity firm KKR ... where Petraeus now works overlapped with
http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/16/politics/david-petraeus-isis-white-house-adviser/

private-equity heavily involved in for-profit firms playing significant roles with the big explosion in privatizing gov. that occurred last decade
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

recent posts mentioning KKR and/or Petraeus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#81 Ginni gets bonus, plus raise, and extra incentives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#37 C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#51 bloomberg article on ASG and Chpater 11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#54 National Security and Double Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#58 Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War

posts mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

other recent posts mentioning regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#47 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#4 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#12 Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Do we really?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Do we really?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 10:36:38 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Intel and microsoft have been pushing TPM (Trusted Platform Module) based systems for a decade or more. Once UEFI supplanted BIOS as the firmware and boot vehicle, trusted boot capabilities were added to the firmware that would, if configured, allow only a signed bootloader to be executed from the firmware (where the key is embedded in the TPM hardware). The "trusted" bootloader would then only allow a trusted kernel to be loaded (and the kernel, therefore, could enforce trusted applications, particularly those that dealt with hollywood produced video content).

trivia ... old reference (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine) about doing presentation on assurance in the trusted computing track at 2001 IDF
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

the guy running TPM was in the front row and I mentioned that it was nice that over the previous year, TPM was starting to look more & more like my chip strawman. He quiped back that I didn't have a committee of 200 people helping with my design.

countermeasures to compromises and exploits have seemed to get intertwined with DRM. other refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 11:09:05 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Oh, we should follow the logic in Syria. Assad's side is a brutal, non-sectarian regime. There are supposed to be 1600 different groups between both sides, but the main active component among the rebels is Al'Quera (who did nasty thing in New York some years ago), so the US pumped arms and funds to them (clear yet?). Then Al'Queda split into nasty and nastier sections, ISIL. The Saudis and Gulf states are _supposed_ to be both supporting ISIL, and joining in the broad front opposing them. Where the Turks stand is anyones guess. The US seems to have delegated the fight against ISIL to Iran, which is being threatened by Israel with an attack. Israel is the US's main Ally. Clear yet?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

last decade when families of 9/11 victims tried to sue saudi arabia for 9/11 responsibility ... they were told it wasn't possible to sue a country. that was reversed in 2013 (sue saudi arabia for 9/11 responsibility). there have also been suggestions that the 28 redacted pages from the 9/11 commission report will support the claim.

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#4 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#11 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

Counterterrorism: Bridging Operations and Theory: A Terrorism Research Center Book,
http://www.amazon.com/Counterterrorism-Bridging-Operations-Terrorism-Research-ebook/dp/B00TTSR4SU/

loc544-46:
The single biggest blow to al Qaeda was when one of its associated groups, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) disobeyed an instruction by Zawahiri not to operate in Syria but to confine its operations to Iraq. The rise of ISIS, ISIS-al Nusra discord, al Qaeda's rejection of ISIS, and the ISIS leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi proclaiming a Caliphate eroded the power and prestige of al Qaeda in the eyes of the Muslim World.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 15:19:39 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
But in any case, I thought the Americans did keep their word. It wasn't until after Gorbachev was replaced by Yeltsin that any countries in Eastern Europe were invited to NATO, I thought. So there was no longer a Communist regime, not even a benign one, and Russia was then, under Yeltsin, an ally of the United States that in no way felt threatened by those countries joining NATO and thus did not object to them doing so.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

"Prophets of War: Lockheed Martin and the Making of the Military-Industrial Complex"
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-Complex-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

tells how some corporate reps told former soviet block countries that if they voted in the UN for the invasion of Iraq, they would get NATO membership and USAID to replace all their old soviet arms with new US arms (bought from US companies). It makes a case that the whole Iraq invasion was just a "gift" to the military-industrial complex. Directed appropriations USAID (money that can only be spent for specific purposes) is one of the ways congress can feed MICC w/o it having to show up in the DOD budget.

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent psts mentioning the book
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#31 An insider's story of the global attack on climate science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#178 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
Date: 17 Mar 2015
Blog: Facebook
How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://ericpalmerblog.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/how-russias-s-400-makes-f-35-obsolete.html

How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://in.rbth.com/blogs/2015/03/11/how_russias_s-400_makes_the_f-35_obsolete_41895.html

Assessing Joint Strike Fighter Defence Penetration Capabilities
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

this talks about the F-35 stealth coating is significantly more durable than the original F-22 stealth coating and is being retrofitted to the F-22
http://www.paintsquare.com/news/?fuseaction=view&id=5424

Past articles were that coating maintenance is very time-consuming, including simple inspection won't tell if it has been done correctly.

this isn't the 1st article about US Stealth vulnerability

Chinese and Russian Radars On Track To See Through U.S. Stealth
http://news.usni.org/2014/07/29/chinese-russian-radars-track-see-u-s-stealth

so this isn't all that different
http://in.rbth.com/blogs/2015/03/11/how_russias_s-400_makes_the_f-35_obsolete_41895.html

however, the above goes on to claim that F-35 stealth coating maintenance is still very time-consuming ... and F-35 requiring 9-12 maint. hrs for every hour of flt.

this goes into some detail that F35 was never intended to have comparable stealth or air superiority of F22
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

Possible issue with certification of stealth coating maintenance is having to do radar scan of every point on the plane surface from every possible angle ... might easily run to several million data points ... something that wouldn't be done with any sort of manually operated scanner.

The Little "Fighter" That Couldn't: Moral Hazard and the F-35
http://www.jqpublicblog.com/the-little-fighter-that-couldnt-moral-hazard-and-the-f-35/

from above:
So it is with the bulbously swollen F-35 program. By continuing to lavish limitless cash upon a noticeably failing program, Congress is making failure politically and economically profitable. The predictable result is more failure.

... snip ...

A single article that not not only includes lots of the F35 problems but also manages to include the Success of Failure meme and the "moral hazard" meme

"moral hazard" has been around for a long time in financial ... individuals make enormously risky bets and keep the winnings, but losses are laid off on the institution and have to be covered by taxpayers. In the past there have been processes in place to control both "moral hazard" and systemic risk (particition low probability failures preventing them from cascading into systemic failures). Over the past couple decades several of those processes have been eliminated and/or ignored. The "black swan" meme has also been adapted for obfuscation and misdirection ... as part of avoiding individual responsibility.

Not Ready for Prime Time; DOT&E Report: The F-35 Is Not Ready for IOC and Won't Be Any Time Soon
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/straus-military-reform-project/weapons/2015/not-ready-for-prime-time.html

from above:

A Maintenance Nightmare

The complexity of maintaining the F-35 at this point means that none of the Services are ready to keep it in working order. Instead, DOT&E found that maintenance "relies heavily on contractor support and unacceptable workarounds."

Even using the cooked numbers described above, the plane isn't reaching any of the nine reliability measures the program was supposed to achieve by this point in its development. DOT&E put together a chart of the many problem systems driving the low reported numbers for availability and reliability:

... and ..
Stealth (also referred to as "low observables") only continues to add to these maintenance nightmares and "contribute to extensive maintenance time, especially long cure times" for repair.

... snip ...

Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent posts mentioning "moral hazard" &/or systemic risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#13 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#53 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#74 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#28 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#46 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#47 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#50 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#153 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#160 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#24 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#25 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?

recent posts mentioning F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#18 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#31 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#36 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#49 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#52 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#61 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#20 US No Longer Tech Leader in Military War Gear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#40 China's Fifth-Generation Fighter Could Be A Game Changer In An Increasingly Tense East Asia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#41 50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#9 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#10 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#11 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#16 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#18 NYT on Sony hacking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#54 How do we take political considerations into account in the OODA-Loop?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 10:47:02 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
I think most definitions of "terrorism" involve violence. This lets right-wing hard-liners like Canadian prime minister Stephen Harper off the hook, even though such people do encourage fear for their own ends. Perhaps we need a new term like "terrorism by proxy"...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#74 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

starts to wander into anything that would generate fear ... like

Cyberterrorism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyberterrorism
[T]he use of information technology by terrorist groups and individuals to further their agenda. This can include use of information technology to organize and execute attacks against networks, computer systems and telecommunications infrastructures, or for exchanging information or making threats electronically. Examples are hacking into computer systems, introducing viruses to vulnerable networks, web site defacing, Denial-of-service attacks, or terroristic threats made via electronic communication.[9]

... snip ...

lots that wouldn't be physical violence ... but stuff that can still generate fear ... and overlap with various kinds of crime.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 23:51:23 -0700
"john james" <jj9801@nospam.com> writes:
Presumably Japan would have still done Pearl Harbor etc and the US would just have concentrated all their effort on Japan and eventually wiped them out just like they did and even then, Germany would still have been completely occupied applying the jackboot to Russia even after it had lost. It would have been interesting to see what Germany would have done about Britain if Russia had surrendered, likely nothing much, and Britain may well have eventually decided that a truce made sense given that the US was concentrating on Japan.

General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman, log237-42:
The three American service chiefs—Marshall of the Army; Air Force General Henry Arnold, in the seat across from him; and the Navy's Ernest King—had been sharply divided, often bickering in the weeks and months after Pearl Harbor. King favored expanding the Pacific War, a war of great fleets and small armies. Arnold argued that his bombers alone, could he but get enough of them, would end the war without the necessity of invasion. Only Marshall had never wavered from their prewar estimates: Germany could win the war without Japan, Japan could not win without Germany. Thus they must fight in Europe first, Marshall insisted, and the only way to victory against Germany was through an invasion.

... snip ...

they first told Stalin it would be summer of 42, and then summer of 43, but it wasn't until summer of 44; churchill was all for stalling as long as possible ... because he was hoping that German/Soviet slugfest would completely exhaust both ... recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

as previously mentioned, in Oct1944, Roosevelt commissioned the Strategic Bomber Survey (USSBS), in part because long range strategic heavy bombers accounted for 1/3rd of ww2 spending ... which found that strategic bombing contributed little to the war effort.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_bombing_survey

somewhat similar to Guderian's complaint about ordered not to overrun the allies at Dunkirk because Goering had convinced Hitler that Luftwaffe could do it ... as a result the british got away and lived to fight another day. recent post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 19 Mar 2015 09:43:18 -0700
"john james" <jj9801@nospam.com> writes:
That is just plain wrong. The west did nothing about the Iran/Iraq war and that didn't produce bad results.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#74 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#76 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

US supported Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war even supplying WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

early 90s, satellite photo analyst warns administration that Iraq is marshalling forces to invade Kuwait. The adminstration says that Saddam has told them he would do no such thing and discredits the analyst. Later, analyst finds forces are preparing to invade Saudi Arabia ... administration ties to the Suadi's are closer than the ties to Iraq
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2

Then last decade, fabricated WMDs are used to justify (another) invasion of Iraq. Cousin of white house chief of staff is dealing with Iraq at the UN and has been given proof that WMDs have been decommissioned ... she is getting ready to go public and is committed to military hospital in Texas.
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

During the invasion, US decommissioned WMDs from the 80s are found, but that information is classified and not made public.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/iraqs-disclosure-of-chemical-weapons-findings-to-un.html
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?

last decade when families of 9/11 victims tried to sue saudi arabia for 9/11 responsibility ... they were told it wasn't possible to sue a country. that was reversed in 2013 (sue saudi arabia for 9/11 responsibility). there have also been suggestions that the 28 redacted pages from the 9/11 commission report will support the claim. Comments that it was both a change in administration and the increasing oil production in the US and lessening dependency on Saudis.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

this goes into some detail of the Russian/Georgia war ... and the "confusion" on the west's part ... free for download:

THE RUSSIAN MILITARY AND THE GEORGIA WAR:LESSONS AND IMPLICATIONS
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1069

above includes description of poor russian performance and as major impetus for

MILITARY MODERNIZATIONAND THE RUSSIAN GROUND FORCES
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1071

the support for Iraq in Iraq/Iran war ... could presumably be traced back to US support of UK looting Iran ... including when newly elected democratic government was putting a stop to it, Roosevelt arranges a coup and puts the Shah in power:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

later the shah and the CIA-trained SAVAK are overthrown. this also mentions John Foster Dulles
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.#Head_of_Operation_Ajax

recent posts with references to John Foster was major factor in rebuilding German's economay and military industry ... continued support even after German invasion of Poland
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 19 Mar 2015 10:16:11 -0700
Andrew Swallow <am.swallow@btopenworld.com> writes:
One of the major delays was that the dress rehearsal, Dieppe Raid failed. The entire invasion had to be replanned.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

This has high-flying strategic bombers were adapted to soften up landings ... it had almost no effect on Omaha because they kept the strategic bombing Norden bombsights which were ver poor ... but for Utah it work much better because they replace the the Norden with bombing sights for low-flying tatical bombing.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi

and then using strategic heavy bombers for low-level tatical battlefield bombing loc2582-85:

The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.54

... snip ...

then the next major problem was keeping the troups supplied ... they didn't have any ports that could handle the volume necessary. British kept opposing the campaign to take Marselles (diverting the resources to Italy, Balkins and eastern Mediterranean), the main port that had large enough capacity to handle the volume of supplies.

pg450/loc9492-94:
As Roosevelt candidly explained to Churchill, "Finally for purely political considerations over here I would never survive even a slight setback in OVERLORD if it were known that fairly large forces had been diverted to the Balkans."

... snip ...

but manage to significantly delay ANVIL ... as part of diverting resources to other places w/o "directly" impacting OVERLORD.

pg428/loc9027-29:
Montgomery proposed canceling ANVIL, the attack on southern France timed to coincide with the cross-Channel invasion;

... snip ...

but canceling/delaying ANVIL drastically constrained supplies

pg456/loc9607-9:
A week after the landings, Bordeaux fell; in another week, Marseilles and Toulon were in Allied hands. With them, Eisenhower had gained the port capacity necessary to supply his ammunition- and gasoline-short armies. By the time the Combined Chiefs of Staff gathered in Quebec, Marshall, the principal exponent of ANVIL, had been vindicated.

... snip ...

as other parts of the British empire (India) was breaking free, UK was focused on keeping middle east in thier sphere of influence to loot.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#74 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#76 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

House Republican budget: There's a mysterious $1.1 trillion in spending cuts in the House GOP's budget

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: House Republican budget: There's a mysterious $1.1 trillion in spending cuts in the House GOP's budget
Date: 19 Mar 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/58vrfuNq1WA

House Republican budget: There's a mysterious $1.1 trillion in spending cuts in the House GOP's budget
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2015/03/17/the-mysterious-1-1-trillion-in-spending-cuts-in-the-house-gops-budget/

2010 CBO had a report that previous decade tax revenue was cut $6T and spending increased by $6T (compared to baseline budget, which would have had all federal debt gone in 2010), for $12T budget gap (by 2010).

Congress had let the fiscal responsibility act expire (required that spending couldn't exceed revenue) in 2002.

The first major legislation afterwards was part-d drug act ... the comptroller general described as a long-term $40T item that comes to swamp all other budget item. It has been described as enormous gift to the drug industry ... cbs 60mins did segment on the 18 republican staffers and members of congress responsible for getting it thru ... after it passes, all 18 have resigned and are on drug industry payroll. Just before the final vote, the 18 add a one liner that prevents competitive bidding. 60mins show identical drugs under VA (that has competitive bidding) that are 1/3rd the cost of same drug from part-d.

Congress savaging of the budget was getting so bad by the middle of the last decade, the comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic.

past posts mentioning fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
past posts mentioning comptroller general
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
past posts mentioning part-d drug act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
Date: 19 Mar 2015
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/Skp1o3Quxj7

Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/stanford-law-school-covers-up-secs-andrew-bowdens-embarrassing-remarks-by-deleting-conference-video.html

from above:
Two days ago, we wrote about a remarkable example of regulatory capture and potential corruption. SEC enforcement chief Andrew Bowden, before an industry audience at Stanford Law School, on a panel moderated by KKR board member, Stanford Law professor and former SEC commissioner Joseph Grundfest, made fawning remarks about the private equity industry.

...
Our post created a stir. International Business Times reported on Bowden..s remarks, raising concerns about "chummy relationships" between regulators and their charges. Financial services industry stalwart Matt Levine at Bloomberg tried offering a defense of Bowden, and then threw up his hands, declaring, "Okay fine I guess that is still pretty ridiculous." Former bank regulator Bill Black has called on SEC chairman Mary Jo White to demand Bowden's resignation immediately, on the grounds of lack of professional distance from the industry and minimizing the seriousness of the violations he has found.

... snip ...

and

The SEC's Andrew Bowden: A Regulator for Sale?
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/secs-andrew-bowden-regulator-sale.html
SEC Examinations Director Raises Eyebrows With Flattery Of Private Equity
http://www.ibtimes.com/sec-examinations-director-raises-eyebrows-flattery-private-equity-1850130
What Does it Take to Get Fired at the SEC?
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/03/what-does-it-take-to-get-fired-at-the-sec.html

past mentioning private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

past posts mentioining Mary Jo White
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#60 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#68 Choice of Mary Jo White to Head SEC Puts Fox In Charge of Hen House
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#18 Fortune's Formula: The Untold Story Of The Scientific Betting System That Beat The Casinos And Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#28 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#42 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#49 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#17 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#41 New York's Benjamin Lawksy and the SEC's Kara Stein and Luis Aguilar Push for Tougher Sanctions Against Bank Executives

past posts mentioning regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#70 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#71 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#7 FDR explains one dimension of our problem: bankers own the government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#86 What Makes a thread about the European debt crisis Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#1 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#2 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#11 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#36 Fed proposes annual assessments for large financial companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#14 Barclays, Traders Fined $487.9 Million by U.S. Regulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#15 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#80 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#7 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#43 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#77 OCC Replies to Elizabeth Warren Reveal Extent of Regulatory Capture on Derivatives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#47 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#4 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#12 Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 19 Mar 2015 12:21:31 -0700
JimP <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
The Norden bomb aiming equipment was perfected, and worked very well, in the then clear skies of the US Southwest. Europe has fog, rain, snow, clouds, etc. The Norden, of course, didn't work as well there.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#78 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#12 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

also wind, etc ... not a lot of things helped much with dumb bombs at strategic bombing from 25k-30k feet ... even norden, even repeated carpet bombing had trouble hitting target ... it also wasn't calibrated for low-flying tactical bombing for Omaha Beach.

it was finding in strategic bombing survey that even though it represented 1/3rd of ww2 spending, strategic bombing contributed little to the war effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

it was part of the reason military commenting they needed radically fewer smart bombs in desert storm to achieve the same results as in ww2 strategic bombing ... of course somewhat comparing apples to oranges, they had achieved air superiority and there was little or no anti-aircraft opposition ... and so there was a lot more lower flying tactical bombing.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 19 Mar 2015 12:27:40 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
it was part of the reason military commenting they needed radically fewer smart bombs in desert storm to achieve the same results as in ww2 strategic bombing ... of course somewhat comparing apples to oranges, they had achieved air superiority and there was little or no anti-aircraft opposition ... and so there was a lot more lower flying tactical bombing.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#82 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

semi-related, recent discussion is (if you have friendlies in the target area) ... the longer/higher distance increases friendly fire casualties.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2015 10:01:51 -0700
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Once again, the Russians had stopped the German attack on Moscow by December 1941. The British shipped a large amount of outdated scrap to Murmansk, etc (things like Matilda tanks) at a large cost in sailors and ships. The US shipped a lot also, but a lot of the US stuff was useful, like Dodge trucks, Dakota aircraft, against oytdated tanks.

Look at a map of Russia, even now. Moscow is the hub for most communications. (Actually, mark a line between the Baltics, Belorussia, Ukraine, the Germans never got far into Russia itself.)


part of the issue was that Soviets had been moving supplies & plants to the east as the Germans advanced ... and as the Germans advanced the lengthening German supply line was increasingly becoming major factor in its ability to wage war. The increasing distance was also adversely affecting the luftwafte being able to perform close air support.

it was analogous to Eisonhower's problem after D-day ... until Project Anvil ... he didn't have a port capable of keeping the allied forces supplied.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

if Germany was having trouble supplying by land its advancing forces into Russia ... what was the percent of military supplies could the Allies be supplying Russia by sea?

THE EUROPEAN CAMPAIGN:ITS ORIGINS AND CONDUCT, loc5721-22:
Faced by the 500-plus Russian divisions on the Eastern Front, and the Western Allies resources, the Germans were simply unable to adequately handle all of the crises that confronted their forces in the field.

... snip ...

especially with little things like Russians had more and better tanks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2015 10:25:41 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#84 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

poor roads and subject to almost coming to dead stop during bad weather, the german supply line for advance into russia was increasingly becoming subject to what Patton wanted during the "battle of bulge" ... just let german advance go all the way to paris ... and then it would be extremely vulnerable to be cut off by attacks all along its advance ...

Patton was given go ahead to attack the base of the bulge ... but montgomery was suppose to attack from the other side ... completely cutting off the german forces ... however, montgomery dithered and much of the german forces managed to slip back.

THE EUROPEAN CAMPAIGN:ITS ORIGINS AND CONDUCT loc4917-19:
From December 19-20, Eisenhower announced two significant decisions that would affect the course of the Battle of the Bulge. The first, at Verdun he placed Patton in charge of an attack into the German left flank. Patton was still under Bradley's command, but nonetheless it was his counterattack.

loc4964-66:
A commitment from the Field Marshal proved to be elusive, even though Patton had his attack well under way and Bastogne had been relieved on December 26. Montgomery appeared to be proceeding at a relatively slow pace.

log 4994-96:
Montgomery's perceived caution, wanting to ensure that the German advance had culminated, was not what Eisenhower wanted. He sought a rapid and decisive action comparable to that provided by Patton. Instead, he got one delay after another. Montgomery would not launch his counterattack until January 3, 1945.

loc5058-60:
Patton created a suitable response force for a southern arm of a pincer movement, but there was not the same type of innovative leadership available on the northern side of the salient to create a swift, powerful pincer to complete the encirclement.

... snip ...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#67 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#74 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#76 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#82 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#83 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2015 11:23:43 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
I believe that as far as civil suits go, a "mere" govt employee is commonly covered by sovereign immunity. Cops who are sued do not seem to be personally liable, the taxpayer foots the bill for judgements against them. They don't have immunity against criminal charges levied by the government, but mostly the government looks after its own.

But in any case, where's the line between "mere" and "sovereign"? Dick Cheney was a govt employee, his paychecks were cut by the US Treasury.


depends are where you are in the hierarchy

Lawyers for CIA Leaker Cite Selective Prosecution After Petraeus Plea Deal
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/03/20/lawyer-cia-leaker-cites-selective-prosecution-petraeus-plea/
After Petraeus Plea Deal, Lawyer Demands Release of Stephen Kim
https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2015/03/16/petraeus-plea-deal-lawyer-demands-release-stephen-kim/
Despite Plea Deal, Petraeus Still Consults for the National Security Council
http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/03/16/despite-plea-deal-petraeus-still-consults-for-the-national-security-council/

in the Success of Failure case
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

they charged the people responsible with all sort of serious crimes that were eventually dropped after several years ... it turns out what they really did was report violations to the responsible congressional committee ... in fact required under several provisions. after congressional investigation, the agency was put on probation and not allowed to manage its own projects (but no charges for the individuals involved)

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

however, even when legal required & protected ... the gov. has gotten quite severe with whistleblowers ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

the head of large bank examination at FDIC caught the WAMU case early and flagged it, when nothing happened, he documented in detail all the way up to head of the agency. He was demoted and eventually let go. He is still fighting the action. The fed. gov. responsible whistleblowing protection operations are even denying to admit his documents as evidence.

for additional drift ... regulatory agencies "captured" and not doing their job

Stanford Exposes Rodgin Cohen's Myth of the Myth of Regulatory Capture
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/03/stanford-exposes-rodgin-cohens-myth-of-the-myth-of-regulatory-capture.html
Bank Super Lawyer, Rodgin Cohen of Sullivan & Cromwell, Says Regulatory Capture is a Myth
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/bank-super-lawyer-rodgin-cohen-sullivan-cromwell-says-regulatory-capture-myth.html

The SEC's Andrew Bowden: A Regulator for Sale?
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/03/secs-andrew-bowden-regulator-sale.html
SEC Examinations Director Raises Eyebrows With Flattery Of Private Equity
http://www.ibtimes.com/sec-examinations-director-raises-eyebrows-flattery-private-equity-1850130
What Does it Take to Get Fired at the SEC?
http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2015/03/what-does-it-take-to-get-fired-at-the-sec.html

posts reference "private equity"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

note that Petraeus now works for one of the largest private equity firms ... KKR.

and for other drift, guess what firm John Foster Dulles was at when he was playing major role in rebuilding German's economy and military industry, "The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War" loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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