List of Archived Posts

2016 Newsgroup Postings (03/14 - 04/21)

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Qbasic - lies about Medicare
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Qbasic
You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Computers anyone?
Qbasic
A Spymaster Forgets the Bush Era
There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
Globalization Worker Negotiation
Qbasic
enigma
To Be or To Do
Globalization Worker Negotiation
CeBIT and mainframes
How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
CeBIT and mainframes
Globalization Worker Negotiation
Qbasic
Qbasic
CeBIT and mainframes
Qbasic
Globalization Worker Negotiation
Qbasic
Qbasic
Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
DUMPRX
All is Lost At IBM
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Federal Debt
Iraqi WMDs
A call for revolution
Qbasic
Qbasic
Why you might not be warned of an online security breach
Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
Qbasic
Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Isolationism and War Profiteering
A call for revolution
The Iceberg of Ignorance
We Must Stop The Race to Attribution After Each Cyberattack
Qbasic
Qbasic
Microprocessor Optimization Primer
Qbasic
Fridays
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Qbasic
Fwd: Tech News 1964
opinion? Fujitsu USA
Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
Top secret "28 pages" may hold clues about Saudi support for 9/11 hijackers
Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
Qbasic
Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
Qbasic
Goldman and Wells Fargo FINALLY Admit They Committed Fraud
Qbasic
Pension Funds at Risk
Thanks Obama
TCP/IP question on routing
IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?
Intel to lay off 11% of workforce in big shift from PCs
Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 14 Mar 2016 22:15:42 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
I also did dynamic adaptive resource management, added TTY terminal support, added order-seek disk arm queuing, dynamically chaining multi-I/O requests in single channel program for disks and 2301 drum (2301 optimized for maximum transfer per revolution), and redid the page replacement algorithm and page thrasing control operation. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#112 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Early 80s I was at San Jose Research when Jim Gray left for Tandem, not before leaving "MIP Envy" behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016
copy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
and 24sep1980 version here
http://web.archive.org/web/20081115000000/http://research.microsoft.com/~gray//papers/CritiqueOfIBM%27sCSResearch.doc

At Dec81 Asilomar SIGOPS, Jim asked me if I could help a Tandem coworker get his (Stanford) Phd .... which involved "global" LRU page replacement. The "local" LRU page replacement forces were heavily lobbying not to allow the Phd to be granted (at one time the email exchanges were public on the internet).

Jim knew I had done "global" LRU work with CP67 as undergraduate in the 60s about the same time academic "local" LRU papers were being published. Then in the early 70s, the IBM Grenoble science center modified CP67 to conform to "local" LRU papers published in the 60s ("working set" dispatcher) and had paper published in CACM.

At the time Grenoble had 1mbyte 360/67 (155 4k pageable pages after fixed storage requirements) and Cambridge had 768k 360/67 (104 4k pageable pages after fixed storage requirements. Cambridge with 70-80 users got better throughput and interactive response than Grenoble did with 35 users running similar workload. reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#46 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?

other references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#4 360/67, was Re: IBM's Project F/S ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#10 Memory management - Page replacement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#49 Swapper was Re: History of Login Names
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#37 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#38 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#42 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#18 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#66 Messing Up the System/360

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2016 09:36:36 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Various versions of z/VM have IUCV and VMCF that do similar things. Now, hypersockets are also used.

IBM Pisa science center did SPM for cp67 ... which was superset of IUCV, VMCF as well as providing software simuilation of terminal messages.

One of my hobbies was providing enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters ... at various times I supported more of my installations than all Multics systems that ever existed (a little rivalry between 4th flr and 5th flr).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

Lots of internal datacenters moved off cp67 to standard vm370 product. Some old posts mentioning moving from cp67 to vm370
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

and my internal "csv/vm" internal distribution. One of the things mentioned in above was I also picked up the port of SPM to vm370 ... that was also used for automated operator and service virtual machines (coupled with my "autolog" command).

One of my co-workers at science center was also responsible for the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

and also used for the customer product and basis for the corporate sponsored BITNET ("EARN" in europe)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

and even tho vm370 never shipped SPM support ... the original standard network product shipped with SPM capabilty. This was used for query&commands between users and the network software and also extending user-to-user messages across the network. The author of REXX in the late 70s also used SPM to implement multi-user 3270 spacewar game (and with VNET/RSCS extended to across the internal network). trivia: almost immediately, some people started writing automated game player bots ... which resulted in changing the game controller to have non-linear increase in energy use as interval between commands/moves drops below a certain threashold.

after moving to San Jose Research, I continue internal product distribution as SJR/VM ... a few past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#26 Assembler question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#35 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#3 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#100 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#63 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#41 Old EMAIL Index
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#70 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#58 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#54 Mainframes open to internet attacks?

past posts mentioning SPM:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#32 z900 and Virtual Machine Theory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#51 other cp/cms history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#47 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#8 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#16 intersection between autolog command and cmsback (more history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#11 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#14 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#14 more shared segment archeology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#25 IBM 360 Model 20 Questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#41 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#73 Addressing Scheme with 64 vs 63 bits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#48 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#67 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#28 CSC History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#89 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#66 Wasn't instant messaging on IBM's VM/CMS in the early 1980s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#64 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#7 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#77 Spacewar! on S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#27 RBS Mainframe Meltdown: A year on, the fallout is still coming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#42 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#48 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#93 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#48 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#99 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#17 IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic - lies about Medicare

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic - lies about Medicare
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2016 12:32:54 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
nsfnet postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#82 Qbasic - lies about Medicare

some old NSFNET email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

Date: Sun, 19 Feb 1989 11:40:09 PST
From: wheeler
re: g'burg 2/17;

Oh, I almost forgot. The big upcoming NSA bid was also discussed. Anne has talked to NSA several times before on the HSDT subject and I had gone over some of the HSDT plus the pitch that was the predecessor to the current software/system's middle layer pitch.

The NSA situation is going to require follow-up. About a month ago one of the people that report to the chief scientist at NSA came by and we talked informally for several hours on the various subjects related to leading edge technical computing; high performance workstations, high-speed interconnect, management facilities, etc (and what we were doing in those areas; RIOS, AIXNET, HSDT, middle layer, etc).

Also, during the G'burg meeting, the Ethernet Myths and Reality subject came up. A couple of the SID people don't appear to be up-to-date on the latest information regarding T/R & Ethernet (i.e. Ethernet performance, degree of degradation caused by collisions, good & bad Ethernet controller chips, most recent articles and published reports, use of Ethernet over IBM wiring, as well as hiearchial scale-up of Ethernet networks using high performance ip-routers).


... snip ... top of post, old email index

past HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
past 3tier posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

Date: Tue, 13 Sep 94 15:15:29 -0700
From: wheeler

We had a high-speed, high-performance pilot backbone system (major traffic included the original rs/6000 chip design multi-mbyte files being shipped from austin to san jose to a custom-built, one-of-its-kind, 50,000* faster, logic simulator). We had been working with NSF and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cut the budget, some other things happened and finally they release RFP. Internal politcs prevent us from bidding.

Director of NSF then wrote a letter to president of IBM research copying IBM chariman of the board (he had backing of chief scientist at NSA and the former chief scientist at IBM) but that just made the internal politics worse. A technical review by NSF people said our technology was at least five years ahead of all RFP responses.

... to paraphrase, you can tell the people 5-10 years ahead of their time by the arrows in their back???


... snip ... top of post, old email index

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2016 14:56:02 -0700
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:
I have no experience with the really high end 360's and 370's. I did do some course work on the University of Missouri's 370/168, and it was a very capable machine, running rooms full of teleprocessing users plus batch from 4 campuses (maybe more) and giving quite respectable turnaround times. Darn reliable system, too. But, then, 370's were a substantial level above 360's in reliability. Part of that had to do with the robust power system, while 360's were really sensitive to glitchy power.

I got sucked into talking with the 195 group when they were looking at doing multithreading, dual i-stream for 370/195 (never shipped); see "Sidebar: Multithreading" here ... references patents and disclosures
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

they mentioned that a big difference between 360/195 and 370/195 was addition of instruction retry which significantly improved reliability.

peak 195 was around 10mips ... but didn't have branch prediction or speculative execution ... so conditional branches drained pipeline and most codes ran around 5mips. dual i-streams avg. 5mips each, could keep 195 running peak.

Later at SJR, they had 370/195 that ran MVT with typical queue/backlog was around 3 months for an hour numeric intesive job. Palo Alto Science Center did some stuff to vm370 for their 370/145 (benchmarking and some other stuff) to run their task background ... especially offshift & weekends soaking up spare cycles. 370/145 was something like 30 times slower than 370/195 ... but they could get a month turn-around (instead of 3months with the SJR 370/195).

Across the street was the disk engineering (bldg14) and product test (bldg15) labs. They were running around-the-clock, 7x24, scheduled stand-alone test time on their mainframes for disk development and test. They had once tried MVS for concurrent testing but found it had 15min MTBF in that environment (requiring manual reboot). I offerred to rewrite I/O supervisor so it was bullet-proof and never fail. They were then able to do on-demand, anytime, concurrent testing ... greatly improving productivity.

bldg15 then got the 3rd engineering 3033 ... and since even multiple concurrent testing only used one or two percent of the processor ... we put up online service for small select group of people ... and would sometimes do favors for others.

One of the things was guy doing air-bearing simulation for design of thin-film floating (disk) heads. Even with expedited service his turning around on the 370/195 was a couple weeks. We set him up so he could run on the bldg15 3033 and he was able to get multiple turn arounds a day (the 3033 was only 4.5MIPS compared to 10MIPS for the 370/195, but there was no backlog).

misc. past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldg. 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

past posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#99 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#101 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#103 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#111 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#112 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#0 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#1 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

past posts mentioning dual i-stream 195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#38 IBM 370/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#73 The Chronology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#97 Power4 = 2 cpu's on die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#15 360/370 instruction cycle time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#27 Pentium 4 SMT "Hyperthreading"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#63 Hyper-Threading Technology - Intel information.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#60 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#3 Hyperthreading vs. SMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#27 dual processors: not just for breakfast anymore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#1 A POX on you, Dennis Ritchie!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#19 The Soul of Barb's New Machine (was Re: creat)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#22 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#14 Multicores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#29 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#0 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#10 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#51 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#2 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#21 Very slow booting and running and brain-dead OS's?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#41 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#10 Beyond multicore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#20 Abend S0C0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#37 Intel memory latencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#92 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#5 registers vs cache
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#49 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#96 Indirect Bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#33 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#67 relative speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#33 DRAM is the new Bulk Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#15 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#82 IBM Automatic (COBOL) Binary Optimizer Now Availabile

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2016 15:49:44 -0700
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:
3 MONTH turnaround??? MY god, likely if you didn't shoot yourself, you'd be out of a job before you got your result back! This totally boggles the mind!

Well, so much for the guys longing for the "good old days"! Thanks, but NO THANKS!!!!


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#0 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#1 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#3 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

as mentioned recently in this thread, Jim Gray wrote MIP Envy as he was leaving for Tandem.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920

I got blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until the mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80. Most widely read was "Tandem Memos" that started with a trip report that I distributed after visiting Jim at Tandem. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

from IBM Jargon:
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.


... snip ...

somewhat as a result, a researcher was paid to sit in the back of my office studying how I communicated, taking notes on face-to-face, getting copies of all my incoming & outgoing email, logs of instant messages, etc. Material was used for internal research reports, papers, talks, books, and Stanford Phd (joint between language and computer AI). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

old email from long ago and far away:

Date: 10/29/81 14:23:23
To: wheeler

Found more about the task force on which I will be sitting in November.

It apparently was commissioned by corporate VP for Technical Vitality to study the work environment contemplated for IBM "Professionals" in the later part of this decade. I got a package of material that is "food for thought" that I was encouraged(!) to share with my colleagues.

The first of the pieces was a memo to Distribution "A" signed by John Opel. Interestingly enuf, it wasn't on letterhead. It goes as follows.

August 12, 1981

Many IBMers need access to computing power to do their jobs and we have tried to supply them with the right tools, in the right quantity, at the right time. But recent feedback in the form of surveys and comment, has convinced me we have to do more. A shortage of computing power can adversely affect not only the quality and quantity of the work our professional employees turn out, but their morale as well.

Therefore, despite the strong market demand for all our products, we are now providing additional internal computing resource, including both mainframes and peripherals, with special emphasis on the needs of our plants and laboratories. Some equipment will also be available to support other operating units. In the future, we plan to ship new products directly to IBM sites much earlier than we have in the past. This program, which will include early 3081s and 3380s, will also include the IBM Personal Computer.

A road show on the IBM Personal Computer has been put together by Boca Raton, and Dennis Andrews of Boca will be calling plant/lab site managers to schedule briefings and demonstrations.

Please be sure the people who report to you understand and communicate this change in priorities. Also, be surre the appropriate people give careful attention to the Boca presentation so that by September 15, 1981, they can order IBM Personal Computers for those who need them in their work.

(Signed) John R. Opel.

Note: There was NO classisification on this letter.

Another part of the package included a bit entitled "Excerpts From Widely Distributed VNET Messages". Most of it was XXXXXXX's farewell memo and another farewell memo that was put into the system later. I don't remember exactly whose it was.

The next part of the package was press release information on the Xerox STAR.

Lastly there is a paper by A. J. Thadhani entitled "Interactive User Productivity" which on a browse looks like what Doherty has been saying for some time.

The task force is expected to run 12 hours a day for 4 days, with some slop over to Friday. I am expected to give a 30 minute pitch on my collected thoughts on the subject of working environment.

I reiterate that I was encouraged to consult my colleagues, and this is the best way I know how. I your views on this or anything else in the subject of working environment/computers/personal computing, and what IBM should do for itself.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

One of the changes was big influx in the installation of 4341s out in departmental areas (sort of coming wave of distributed computing tsunami) ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

The corporate VP of Technical Vitality came out supposedly to talk to me about my ideas for improving things inside IBM ... but the repeated message during the discussion that went on for a couple hrs was that I and the IBM company were on collusion course (when I distributed things with detailed document).

Another taskforce visited several research and technical institutions and wrote up comparison/observations ... I've previously posted bits and pieces:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56 AT&T Labs vs. Google Labs R&D History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#31 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#37 Are there more stupid people in IT than there used to be?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2016 16:07:35 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

somewhat related to Opel's reference to IBM/PC ...

El-Erian is discussing bimodal distribution. The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse (Mohamed A. El-Erian)
http://www.amazon.com/Only-Game-Town-Instability-Avoiding-ebook/dp/B0165I3V4C/

loc3334-36:
Remember the dominance of IBM on the eve of the personal computer (PC) revolution. The company had by far the most powerful brand in technology. Each year it deployed a large R&D budget. And it was profitable. By these metrics, it was in a very strong position to dominate the PC revolution.

loc3336-39:
Research shows that IBM executives were aware of the "disruptive technology" aspect of the PC. They discussed the issues involved, recognizing the potential for a bimodal outcome for mainframe customers, their bread-and-butter clientele. Some would be lost permanently to the PC while others would be interested in mainframe upgrades to support new requirements.

loc3340-41:
But when it came to implementation, IBM appeared to fall into the "active inertia" trap. Rather than pivot decisively to the new approach, they allowed their much more familiar historical behavior to overinfluence their future actions.

... snip ...

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Trivia: The science center had developed a lot of performance technologies, monitoring, simulation, analytical modeling, workload&system profiling (evolves into capacity planning), etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

One of the APL-based analytical models was enhanced and offerred on the world-wide online sales&marketing support system HONE as Performance Predictor, sales support could enter workload&system profiles and ask change "what-if" questions.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

I had done dynamic adaptive resource management as undergraudate in the 60s, which was picked up and shipped in CP67. In the morph from CP67 to VM370 there was a lot of simplification and many features were dropped. During the FS period I continued to work on 360/370 stuff (even periodically ridiculing FS activity). VM370 customers were lobbying for re-introduction of my dynamic adaptive resource management and the with the implosion of FS and the mad rush to get stuff back into the 370 product pipelines, contributed to decision to (re-)release my "Resource Manager".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I had also developed some automated benchmarking tools that could vary workload & configuration. As part of the release of the "Resource Manager", 2000 automated benchmarks were run that took 3months elapsed time. The first 1000 benchmarks were selected to methodically cover possible workload and configuration profiles. The last 1000 benchmarks workload&configuration profiles was selected by a modified version of the Performance Predictor which was fed results of all previous benchmarks. It would select workload/configuration, predict the results and then compare the benchmark results with the predicted. It would also search for optimal workload+configurations doing "hill climbing" searching for maximums and also attempting to differentiate from "local" maximums verses "real" maximums. This assumes that there might be an arbitrary number of optimal maximum solutions somewhat analogy to multi-modal (not just bimodal) distribution.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Mar 2016 18:30:40 -0700
hancock4 writes:
I'd have to check the S/360 history, but I think it took several years for IBM to make time sharing a viable option. Time sharing took far more horsepower than batch or even CICS. The early versions didn't work. For instance, I think initially they had something called TSS, which was replaced by TSO. I know years later my employer wouldn't use TSO because it was too resource intensive.

lots of universities were sold 360/67 for tss/360 ... however tss/360 had lots of difficulty reaching production quality.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360_Model_67

science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

did their own virtual memory system cp/40 for 360/40 modified with relocation hardware.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt

cp/40 morphs into cp/67 when science center gets a 360/67 (trivia: the cp/cms group at the science center had 11 people when the tss/360 group had 1,100 people). Lots of places ran CP/67 on their 360/67.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

Univ. of Michigan wrote their own virtual memory system MTs, for 360/67,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michigan_Terminal_System
http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/
from somebody that worked on MTS
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html
other MTS pages have gone 404 ... but still are at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20050212073808/www.itd.umich.edu/~doc/Digest/0596/feat01.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20050212073808/www.itd.umich.edu/~doc/Digest/0596/feat02.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20050212183905/www.itd.umich.edu/~doc/Digest/0596/feat03.html

some number of other univ. ran MTS ... especially on 370.

a little MTS lore:
http://archive.michigan-terminal-system.org/myths
Germ of Truth

Early versions of what became UMMPS were based in part on LLMPS from MIT's Lincoln Laboratories. Early versions of what would become MTS were known as LTS. The initial "L" in LTS and in LLMPS stood for "Lincoln".


... snip ...

Stanford wrote Orval system for 360/67 (along with Whylbur editor)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORVYL_and_WYLBUR
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/explain/manuals/ORVMAN.HTML
http://www.stanford.edu/dept/its/support/wylorv/

Wylbur later was ported to MVS

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#99 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#101 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#103 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#111 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#112 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#0 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#1 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#3 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
Date: 15 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/bethany-mclean-why-no-one-prosecuted-for-financial-crisis-fcic-new-documents-233806072.html

Robert Rubin Was Targeted for DOJ Investigation by Financial Crisis Commission
http://fortune.com/2016/03/13/robert-rubin-financial-crisis-commission-justice-department/
National Archives Opens Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission Records
http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2016/nr16-45.html
Rigged Justice: 2016 ; How Weak Enforcement Lets Corporate Offenders Off Easy
http://www.warren.senate.gov/files/documents/Rigged_Justice_2016.pdf

The president of AMEX was in competition to be the next CEO. The looser takes his protegee and leaves, going to Baltimore and taking over what has been described as loan sharking business. They take over some number of other firms, eventually acquiring CITI in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall (enabling too big to fail)... lobbying some number of people in washington to assist including SecTreas (former head of goldman-sachs) ... once they have it underway, the SecTreas resigns and becomes, what at the time is described as co-CEO of CITI. The protegee then leaves and becomes CEO of JPMorgan/Chase, another too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

The SecTreas is replaced by his protegee
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers
Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin?: John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

and across the river from Harvard, Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001AFF266/
Dogmas of Our Economic System Must Change, Says Former Economic Hit Man
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/35192-dogmas-of-our-economic-system-must-change-says-former-economic-hit-man
The World Bank's Anti-Poverty Push Made These Controversial Tycoons Even Richer
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/01/risky-business-ifc-wealthy-beneficiaries

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#71 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#80 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#111 Matt Taibbi with Xmas Message from the Rich
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#57 Study Confirms The Government Produces The Buggiest Software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#70 The Army and Special Forces: The Fantasy Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#81 GBP13tn: hoard hidden from taxman by global elite
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#45 If all of the American earned dollars hidden in off shore accounts were uncovered and taxed do you think we would be able to close the deficit gap?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#60 The IBM mainframe has been the backbone of most of the world's largest IT organizations for more than 48 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#83 Protected: R.I.P. Containment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#2 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#7 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#25 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#51 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#69 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#37 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#47 Stolen F-35 Secrets Now Showing Up in China's Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#70 Alan Grayson: Is Keith Alexander Selling Classified Information to the Banks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#4 Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#14 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Mar 2016 09:44:23 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Lastly there is a paper by A. J. Thadhani entitled "Interactive User Productivity" which on a browse looks like what Doherty has been saying for some time.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Thadhani reports had human productivity improved with .25sec interative response (there was early YKT research study about variation between people regarding perception of "immediate" response ... some couldn't differentiate between immediate and .2secs, others could differentiate between immediate and "delay" down to .1secs).

from ibm jargon:
bad response - n. A delay in the response time to a trivial request of a computer that is longer than two tenths of one second. In the 1970s, IBM 3277 display terminals attached to quite small System/360 machines could service up to 19 interruptions every second from a user I measured it myself. Today, this kind of response time is considered impossible or unachievable, even though work by Doherty, Thadhani, and others has shown that human productivity and satisfaction are almost linearly inversely proportional to computer response time. It is hoped (but not expected) that the definition of Bad Response will drop below one tenth of a second by 1990.

... snip ...

I've posted periodically that some internal sites bragged about having online vm370s getting consistent .25sec system trivial interactive response. However, local channel attach 3272/3277 had .086 hardware response ... making response seen by human for .25sec system response, .336sec. I had several operations that would get .11sec system trivial interactive response ... making response seen by human .196sec.

then they did 3274 controller where they moved a lot of the electronics for 3278 back into the controller (to reduce terminal manufacturing costs). This significantly increased protocol chatter over the terminal coax ... and local channel attach 3274/3278 had hardware response of .3-.5secs for typical operations ... making it impossible to have .25sec (total) response seen by human. SNA (non-direct channel) connected controllers and "remote" controllers significantly increased that latency. MVS/TSO response tended to be much worse than second response ... which contributes to that population rarely noticing transition from 3272/3277 to 3274/3278. Internally, there were complaints to 3274 product administrator that 3274 made interactive computing worse. Eventually the 3274 product administrator responded that 3274 wasn't designed for online interactive computing, it was designed for data entry (i.e. online keypunch). reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#19 3270 protocol

Later the 3274 coax protocol chatter overhead shows up in upload/download speed with ibm/pc terminal emulator. 3277 emulator card had three times the upload/download throughput of 3278 emulator card.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

past posts referencing Thadhani:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#53 3270 Terminal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#84 Is there an SPF setting to turn CAPS ON like keyboard key?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#12 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#13 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#15 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#2 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#15 cp67, vm370, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#37 Why File transfer through TSO IND$FILE is slower than TCP/IP FTP ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#37 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#1 3270 response & channel throughput
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#55 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#44 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#127 How Much Bandwidth do we have?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Mar 2016 10:46:24 -0700
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
Still, TSO was a hog. But, then, with all the problems with swapping and memory fragmentation on 360s, the basic processor limited what you could do. Some other maker's machines had much more advanced techniques to handle memory, and worked WAY better for timesharing.

TSO had enormous pathlength bloat ... but that wasn't its only problem ... there were also major issues with the underlying system ... especially with mvs/os360 CKD multi-track search.

For a time San Jose Research had an MVS168 and a VM158 with a common 3330 disk farm. However, there were 3830/3330 controller/strings that were "dedicated" to MVS and others "dedicated" to VM370 ... to avoid impacting VM370 with the enormous interactive penalty from CKD multi-track search (from OS/360 days, MVS requirement for CKD still continues to this day even though real CKD haven't been made for decades).

One morning, some MVS operator mounted a 3330 pack on a VM158 sraing drive ... and almost immediately the machine room phone was ringing off the hook with irate calls from people all around the building about what had happened to VM/CMS interactive response. The problem was that the CKD multi-track search locks up the channel, controller, and drive for duration ... which can be 1/3rd second (MVS multi-track search locking up the vm158 3830 controller locks out access to all drives on that string from the vm370 side).

TSO response was so horrible and they were so use to the bloated overhead and effects of CKD multi-track search ... they didn't know any better. However, this was a dramatic demonstration about how bad multi-track search can effect interactive response. Note that things like CICS will attempt to minimize use of underlying system services and maximize fixed resident resources to minimize the parallelizing effects of the underlying operating system.

In any case, a demand was made to immediately move the MVS 3330 off a VM370 drive. Initially they refused ... saying they would defer the move to offshift (since it would require interrupting all uses of the drive). We had a highly optimized VS1 system for running under VM370 and put its pack on MVS string ... and started some of our own multi-track searches ... which brought MVS168 to its knees (and alleviated the effect that MVS168 was having on VM/CMS reponse) ... and they immediately aggreed to move their MVS pack off a VM370 drive ... if we would move the VS1 pack (a highly optimized VS1 system running in virtual machine on loaded VM158 easily outperforms a MVS168 system)

misc. past posts mentioning CKD, multi-track search and FBA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

trivia: MVT storage allocation was so bad that region sizes had to be defined four times larger than normally used. This turned out to be major justification for decision to make all 370 systems virtual memory. Morphing MVT into OS/VS2 SVS (essentially running MVT in 16mbyte virtual memory) met that a typical 1mbyte 370/165 with four regions could be run with 15 regions with OS/VS2 SVS with effectively no paging. Old post discussing the decision to make all 370s virtual memory (based on the significant problem with MVT storage allocation, somebody over in ibmmain mailing list had asked me to contract old IBMers for the history of this decision)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

other trivia: Boeing Huntsville had gotten two-processor SMP 360/67 assuming they would run TSS/360 support 2250 graphics displays doing engineering design. With the TSS/360 problems they would run the machine as two 360/65 single processors under os/360. The MVT storage allocation problem ... was especially aggrevated by the long running 2250 graphics design applications. The Beoing Hunstville group eventually modified OS/360 MVT Release 13 to run in virtual memory mode ... it didn't do any paging ... it just used the virtual memory hardware to re-arrange contiguous addresses as countermeasure to MVT storage fragmentation problem.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Mar 2016 11:24:55 -0700
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
CLEARLY, the /67 was better at timesharing than other 360s, due to the memory relocation feature. But, I didn't think there were that many /67s produced. I've heard where a few of them ended up, rather celebrated sites, but I always thought it had a rather limited production.

one of the previous references was that there were 100 360/67s built. That is relatively insignificant to the numbers of some of the other 360s. this has some numbers
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html
Of the 26,000 IBM computer systems in use, 16,000 were S/360 models (that is, over 60%). [Fig. 1.311.2]

Of the general-purpose systems having the largest fraction of total installed value, the IBM S/360 Model 30 was ranked first with 12% (rising to 17% in 1969). The S/360 Model 40 was ranked second with 11% (rising to almost 15% in 1970). [Figs. 2.10.4 and 2.10.5]

Of the number of operations per second in use, the IBM S/360 Model 65 ranked first with 23%. The Univac 1108 ranked second with slightly over 14%, and the CDC 6600 ranked third with 10%. [Figs. 2.10.6 and 2.10.7]


... snip ...

In the science center rivalry with the 5th flr,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

there was something like 120 multics systems over its whole lifetime ... this has complete list of 84 multics installations (but there were slightly more systems than installations) over complete lifetime into the 90s
http://www.multicians.org/sites.html

Once 370s appeared ... it was no longer fair to compare numbers of total systems ... even just the total number of internal IBM corporate virtual machine, online systems exceeded the total number of multics systems (over complete lifetime) by at least a factor of ten. I've mentioned before that one of my hobbies was developing and supporting enhanced systems for internal installations. At various times, the total number of my system installations (first cp67, then cscvm & sjrvm) were about the same as the total number of multics installations over its whole lifetime.

Things really exploded with 4300s ... both inside IBM and customers. The internal network was larger than internet/arpanet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. At the time of the great change-over to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983, there were about 100 IMP nodes and 255 connected hosts ... when the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes (largely fueled by vm/4341s). Reference to 1983 internal network and 1000 nodes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address

Reference to AFDS (major multics installation) talking about coming out to talk tome about 20 vm/4341s the spring of 1979, by the time they came out the fall of 1979, it had grown to 210 vm/4341s ... posted in both Multics newsgroup
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#12 Multics Nostalgia
and a.f.c.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#15 departmental servers

when I was undergraduate in the 60s, the univ. hired me fulltime to support the IBM production systems. It was 360/67 but ran most of the time with os/360 as 360/65. Summer of '69, Boeing hired me as fulltime employee (still hadn't graduated) to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). At the time 747#3 was flying the skies of Seattle getting FAA certification. I thot Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world ... with something like $300M (69 dollars) in IBM gear. That summer there was constantly parts of 2-3 360/65s in the hallways around the machine room waiting to be installed. They also decided to replicate Renton datacenter up at Paine Field in Everett as disaster survivability ... there is disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer heats up causing massive mud slide that takes out the Renton datacenter.

Later at IBM I would sponsor John Boyd's briefings, possibly in punishment for his opposition, he was assigned to command "spook base" about the same time I was at Boeing. Boyd would say it had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world. Boyd's biographies claim "spook base" was a $2.5B windfall (69/70 dollars) for IBM (nearly ten times Rendon). "spook base" reference gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd posts and URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Mar 2016 17:59:59 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Late 80s, calculations on CITIs ARM mortgage portfolio shows that minor rate changes can result in bringing the bank down. At the time, CITI was the largest player in the market, it then gets out of the mortgage market, sells off its portfolio and requires private bailout (Saudi prince) to stay in business. old long-winded post touching on it and other subjects from Jan1999
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#72 Qbasic

The Untold Story of Why the SEC Paid Whistleblower Eric Hunsader $750,000
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2016/03/the-untold-story-of-why-the-sec-paid-whistleblower-eric-hunsader-750000/
Now we have learned a fact that might explain the low award to Hunsader, the three years it took to pay the award, and the slap on the wrist fine to the New York Stock Exchange while allowing it to go about its business of charging obscene fees for vastly different speeds of access to stock exchange data. Lawyers at Covington & Burling represented the New York Stock Exchange in this matter and bragged in an article carried on its web site that "NYSE Euronext got off with just a $5 million fine over allegations that it released market data to some clients faster than others."

... snip ...

Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/bethany-mclean-why-no-one-prosecuted-for-financial-crisis-fcic-new-documents-233806072.html
National Archives Opens Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission Records
http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2016/nr16-45.html
Rigged Justice: 2016 ; How Weak Enforcement Lets Corporate Offenders Off Easy
http://www.warren.senate.gov/files/documents/Rigged_Justice_2016.pdf

long ago and far away, we were called in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL"; the results is now frequently called "electronic commerce"

Somewhat for doing "electronic commerce", in the mid-90s we were asked to participate in the X9A10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments (not just internet). One of the other members was from NSCC and later we got asked to come in (before NSCC merged with DTC to become DTCC)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Securities_Clearing_Corporation

to look at improving the integrity of exchange transactions. I work on it for awhile and then get call that it was being suspended. Unfortunately a side-effect of the integrity work was vastly improved transparency and visibility ... which is an anathema to wallstreet.

Somewhat before HFT really takes off, ... "while illegal - was safe enough because, 'the Securities and Exchange Commmission never understands this.'" (or maybe just looks the other way)
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff. They asked him if new regulations were needed. He responded that while new regulations might be needed, much more important transparency and visibility was required.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

About the same time in the late 90s that I was (also) asked in to NSCC, I was also asked if I could help prevent the coming economic mess. A long winded post from Jan1999.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in dallas/ft.worth that turned out to be empty lots). I was asked to look at improving integrity of supporting documents as countermeasure. Then they found they could pay for triple-A rating (when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A) ... triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation liar loans (no-documents means that there is no longer any supporting documents). The triple-A rating largely responsible for being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (selling to funds restricted to dealing in "safe" investments like large public & private pension funds). Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Jan2009 (a decade later), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29 that results in Glass-Steagall and criminal convictions) with lots of internal x-refs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all (comments about enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Was the U.S. Justice Department Sold to the Highest Bidder
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2012/09/was-the-u-s-justice-department-sold-to-the-highest-bidder/
Crisis of Confidence in U.S. Justice Department Grows
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2014/05/crisis-of-confidence-in-u-s-justice-department-grows/
The Whites Go to the SEC: Why Wall Street Still Owns Washington
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2013/03/the-whites-go-to-the-sec-why-wall-street-still-owns-washington/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Mar 2016 19:16:05 -0700
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
Yes, the whole concept of CKD drives must have seemed really great in 1962 or so when the 360 was being described on paper. But, clearly, long key searches on the disk of a large, multiuser 360 was a horrible thing to do, even on an all batch system. Locking out the entire disk system for up to a couple seconds totally defeated the idea of multiprocessing.

A database system that used up some hunk of memory to enable it to find the required record in a minimum number of seeks was certainly a better way to do it.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

the trade-off beteween abundant I/O resources versus scarce/constrained real memory in the 60s ... inverted later ... and i/o became bottleneck and real storage was increasingly being used to compensate for I/O bottleneck ... and multiprogramming/multithreading was increasingly being used to overlap with i/o blocked execution (somewhat analogous to modern hardware out-of-order execution ... where execution proceeds with instruction that is not block by cache miss).

I was increasingly vocal by this ... by the early 80s, I was saying that relative disk i/o system throughput had declined by an order of magnitude over a period of 15years. Old posts with summary of comparison (over 15yrs, number of years increased proportional to disk throughput not processor/memory throughput)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31 Big I/O or Kicking the Mainframe out the Door

note that CP67, VM370, CMS never made use of multi-track search support, it was always at least logical FBA ... even when using CKD disks (somewhat heritage from CTSS).

Note that I could show at least three times increased I/O throughput with my paged-mapped filesystem (in modest I/O constrained workload) ... but I did other enhancements. CMS did synchronous I/O ... by fiddling page tables, I could do asynchronous filesystem I/O ... while preserving CMS synchronous semantics. I also implemented read-ahead and write-behind as well as contiguous allocation and large congiquous block transfers (it wasn't strictly page-mapped ... but page-mapped made it easier to transparently implement such things w/o having large hits to CMS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap
the adcon and address independent execution required lot more hits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

I've periodically mentioned offering MVS people FBA support (which would require operation w/o multi-track search and eliminate enormous resources later required for CKD simulation on FBA long after CKD disks stopped being made). I was told that even if I provided fully integrated and tested FBA support, I would still need $26M business case ($200M-$300M incremental new disk sales) for education and training ... and since customers were already buying disks as fast as they could be made, FBA support would just mean selling same amount of FBA in place of CKD (precluding making any incremental $26M profit).

Some disk division/GPD executives took exception with the statement about factor of ten times in decline in relative disk system throughput and assigned the division performance group to refute the statement ... after a few weeks they came back and said that I had somewhat understated the problem. They then respin the analysis for a SHARE presentation (SHARE 63, Presentation B874) about how to configure disks for improved throughput. past posts mentioning B874:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#46 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#5 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#71 308x Processors - was "Mainframe articles"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#34 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#52 Hercules; more information requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#1 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#70 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#31 Wax ON Wax OFF -- Tuning VSAM considerations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#32 OS idling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#33 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#18 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#35 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#61 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#5 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#32 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#73 Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#62 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#72 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#87 Death of spinning disk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#0 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?

past posts mentioning $26M issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#61 "A foolish consistancy" or "3390 cyl/track architecture"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#73 DCSS ... when shared segments were implemented in VM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#10 Documenting the underlying FBA design of 3375, 3380 and 3390?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#4 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#14 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#65 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#23 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#35 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#47 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#63 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#35 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#44 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#57 Graph of total world disk space over time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#19 Co-existance of z/OS and z/VM on same DASD farm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#12 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#65 Fred Brooks on OS/360 "JCL is the worst language ever"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#70 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#31 Regarding Time Sharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#58 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#64 Random thoughts: Low power, High performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#32 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#40 Searching for storage (DASD) alternatives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#68 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#2 Query for Destination z article -- mainframes back to the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#80 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#2 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#54 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#86 Formal definituion of Speed Matching Buffer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#24 the legacy of Seymour Cray

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computers anyone?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computers anyone?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 17 Mar 2016 09:25:08 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#90 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#92 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#97 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#105 Computers anyone?

The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Is Still a Huge Mess; Test report underscores ongoing problems with the world's biggest warplane program
http://warisboring.com/articles/the-f-35-joint-strike-fighter-is-still-a-huge-mess/
F-35 Chief: Think Very, Very Hard Before Making Another Joint Fighter
http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2016/03/f-35-chief-think-very-very-hard-making-another-joint-fighter/126587/?
U.S. General Admits F-35 Is Actually Three Separate Airplanes; Commonality is a myth for 'joint' stealth fighter
http://warisboring.com/articles/u-s-general-admits-f-35-is-actually-three-separate-airplanes/
Military Admits Billion-Dollar War Toy F-35 Is F**ked
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/03/17/military-admits-billion-dollar-war-toy-f-35-is-f-ked.html
That assumed that the F-35A, F-35B and F-35C would be highly similar. You'd build one basic fuselage and cockpit and fit different wings or the extra engine, as needed. The military aimed for 70-percent "commonality." In other words, three-quarters of, say, an Air Force F-35A would match, for example, a Navy F-35C.

70-percent commonality proved impossible as each military branch demanded increasingly specific qualities in its F-35s. As a result, today the various models are mostly incompatible. "It's 20- to 25-percent commonality," Bogdan said on March 10.


... snip ...

20yrs ago we spent some time talking to BCS about commonality in 757 and 767 (and others) .... not that the planes were common but they had huge amount of common sub-components. Scenario was 50yrs on, could you part out one kind of plane for spare parts repairing other kind of planes. The issue was that the engineering design was in proprietary DBMS which didn't provide an interface to query where were all specific sub=components in a plane (furthermore the parent of the engineering design application was associated with Boeing's major competitor).

Trivia: as undergraduate in the 60s, I had been hired as a fulltime Boeing employee to help with the formation of BCS (consolidate all dataprocessing in an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities; one of the precursors to public cloud).

Other trivia: I worked on the original SQL/RDBMS (System/R) ... but was also called in to help with implementation of a different kind of relational DBMS. System/R had some implementation optimization to make account number-based financial transactions (single key) more efficient.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

The other kind of relational DBMS was specifically designed for being able to simultaneously deal with information from multiple different arbitrary views (as well as supporting NULLS and 3-value logic).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 17 Mar 2016 10:42:51 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/bethany-mclean-why-no-one-prosecuted-for-financial-crisis-fcic-new-documents-233806072.html
National Archives Opens Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission Records
http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2016/nr16-45.html
Rigged Justice: 2016 ; How Weak Enforcement Lets Corporate Offenders Off Easy
http://www.warren.senate.gov/files/documents/Rigged_Justice_2016.pdf
Was the U.S. Justice Department Sold to the Highest Bidder
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2012/09/was-the-u-s-justice-department-sold-to-the-highest-bidder/
Crisis of Confidence in U.S. Justice Department Grows
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2014/05/crisis-of-confidence-in-u-s-justice-department-grows/
The Whites Go to the SEC: Why Wall Street Still Owns Washington
http://wallstreetonparade.com/2013/03/the-whites-go-to-the-sec-why-wall-street-still-owns-washington/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic

US Congressman Says Bankers Should Find Way to 'Neuter' Sen. Elizabeth Warren
http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/03/16/us-congressman-says-bankers-should-find-way-neuter-sen-elizabeth-warren
Congressman calls on bankers to 'neuter' Elizabeth Warren -- the 'Darth Vader' of Wall Street
https://www.rawstory.com/2016/03/congressman-calls-on-bankers-to-neuter-elizabeth-warren-the-darth-vader-of-wall-street/
GOP Congressman Fears Elizabeth Warren, Makes Trump-esque Comment About How to Stop Her
http://www.alternet.org/tea-party-and-right/gop-congressman-fears-elizabeth-warren-makes-trump-esque-comment-about-how-stop

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A Spymaster Forgets the Bush Era

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A Spymaster Forgets the Bush Era
Date: 17 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
A Spymaster Forgets the Bush Era; Michael Hayden makes headlines condemning practices he readily enabled.
http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/bush-spymaster-revises-history/

Success of Failure
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
Date: 17 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
"There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete"
https://promarket.org/there-is-regulatory-capture-but-it-is-by-no-means-complete/
I don't consider myself an expert on the financial industry, but the fact that the financial industry is responsible for something like 30 percent of all profits seems rather remarkable. I am startled by the size of the financial industry and what it means. I can't believe this is really needed for the allocation of resources. A lot of it is going to be rent-seeking. It creates a diversion of resources, especially human capital, and not only does it create problems for the legitimacy of income distribution, but that also means resources diverted for this purpose [rent-seeking] can't be used elsewhere.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#70 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#71 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#7 FDR explains one dimension of our problem: bankers own the government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#86 What Makes a thread about the European debt crisis Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#1 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#2 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#11 Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#36 Fed proposes annual assessments for large financial companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#14 Barclays, Traders Fined $487.9 Million by U.S. Regulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#15 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#80 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#7 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#43 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#77 OCC Replies to Elizabeth Warren Reveal Extent of Regulatory Capture on Derivatives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#8 copyright, was Re: 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#90 Elizabeth Warren Responds To Third Way Attack By Asking Wall Street To Disclose Ties
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#47 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#4 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#24 Forget the McDonnells. We're ignoring bigger, more pernicious corruption right under our noses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#12 Criminal Tax Evader HSBC's CEO Resorts to Bank Apologist Fable of the Virgin Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#11 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#18 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#19 Have the Banks Escaped Criminal Prosecution because They're Spying Surrogates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#49 Global Fragility and the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#24 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#38 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#87 Calls for SEC Chair's Replacement Grow Louder in DC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Globalization Worker Negotiation

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Globalization Worker Negotiation
Date: 17 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
A couple recent books talk about how the globalization legislation over the past couple decades claimed that it would ease selling to other countries increasing US jobs ... but was actually used to move plants and jobs to other countries selling back into the US.

The other gimmick that start late 80s, was labor/human intensive industries were reorging so that human intensive was put in subsidiary separate from where the profit was booked. Airlines moved the profit from airline operations to selling tickets. Airline operations could be loosing money while parent company still made substantial profit (since the profit was being booked in the ticket selling subsidiary). And of course, the labor/human intensive operation not making money is negotiation leverage with workers. Airline operations could even declare bankruptcy and dump pension obligations on government ... still while the parent company was making profit. Auto makers moved the profit into separate subsidiary responsible for selling&financing cars.

Most recent is moving the profit subsidiary out of the country. Major heavy equipment maker use to make equipment in US, sell to buyers in US and deliver to buyers in the US. They then created "distributor" subsidiary in tax haven and the plant sells to the distributor at cost and the distributor sells to US customer (all the profit is booked in the tax haven). The equipment is still delivered directly from the US plant to the US customer.
http://www.icij.org/project/luxembourg-leaks

recent posts mentioning Luxembourg tax haven
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#80 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#85 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#98 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#107 Qbasic - lies about Medicare

tax evasion/haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Congress periodically has worked hard to be considered the most corrupt institution on earth, especially selling tax loopholes to special interest. 1990s congress passes the fiscal responsibility act (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue ... on its way to eliminating all federal debt). However 2002 congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire. 2010 CBO report has in the 2003-2009 period, taxes were cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsibility act (one of the only times congress cuts taxes to not pay for wars). Since then the taxes haven't been restored and only few dents in the spending so interest on the debt is approaching half trillion/annum

First major bill after fiscal responsibility act is allowed to expire was medicare part-d. CBS 60mins did expose that 18 republicans responsible for the bill, added one line sentence just before final vote and prevents CBO from distributing report on effect of the change (which prevents competitive bidding). Within six months after bill passes, all 18 have resigned and are on drug industry payroll. 60mins show drugs under medicare part-D that are three times the price of identical drugs from the VA (which allows competitive bidding).

By 2005 the US Comptroller General is including in speeches that nobody in congress is capable of middle school arithmetic (for how badly they savage the budget) and that part-D comes to be a long term $40T item totally swamping all other budget items.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

Besides the newly legalized tax evasion, there still is ongoing old fashion illegal tax evasion. 2009 IRS announces it is going after 52,000 wealthy americans have evaded $400B in taxes on money illegally moved offshore. Spring 2011 the new congress announces it is cutting the budget for the IRS department responsible for recovering the money. Since then there has been news that the too big to fail responsible for illegally moving the money have been fined a few billion, but nothing about recovering the $400B.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

There is law on the books that companies that fail to pay (legal) taxes aren't eligible for government contracts (not only corporate income taxes but also worker withholding taxes). Usually later you will find some congressman has stepped in to provide an exemption for the firm.

worker compensation has not grown for some time
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html

Boeing had been mostly commercial until merger with McDonnell Douglas in 1997 (20yrs ago) ... by far the #1 gov. contractor is Lockheed.

Disclaimer, as undergraduate in the 60s I was hired as fulltime Boeing employee to help form "Boeing Computer Services" (consolidate dataprocessing in independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities, one the earliest employees in the group). At the time, I thot Renton datacenter was possible largest in the world (upwards of $300M in 69 dollars of 360 equipment). All summer there constantly parts of 2-3 360/65s in the halfways around the machine room waiting to be installed. Boeing had also decided to replicate renton up at Paine field ... there is a disaster scenario where Mt. Rainer warms up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter (being w/o Renton datacenter for a week supposedly would cost Boeing more than the cost of the datacenter).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Mar 2016 15:25:51 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Secondly, the Republicans have created the mess themselves with their years of hate and lies. As Mr. S correctly pointed out, they have spent the Obama years passionately believing and expanding the idea that is a Muslim born in Kenya, a communist liberal, and numerous other junk. The Republicans have campaigned against any and all government as evil, wanting to return to the year 1900. So, if their supporters don't trust the candidates, it's their own fault.

they may have periodically mentioned all government as evil ... but they have been looting it for all they could ... especially the military-industrial-congressional complex where trillions seem to evaporate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

this is somewhat the Kabuki Theater which local WashDC press will periodically call congress ... i.e. what you see publicly may have nothing at all to do with what is really going on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Congressional republicans were major factor behind the fiscal responsibility act in the 90s (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, it was on the way to eliminating all federal debt). Then in 2002 they let the fiscal responsibility act lapse. 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T budget gap compared to the fiscal responsibility budget (possibly only time taxes were cut to not pay for wars). Since then, little of the tax revenue has been restored and only few dents in their spending ... so that interest on the debt is now pushing half trillion/annum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

It was 18 republicans pushing through Medicare Part-D in 2003 ... first major legislation after fiscal responsibility act was allowed to expire. CBS 60mins does expose that they add one line sentence just before final vote that precludes competitive bidding and prevents CBO from distributing report of the effects. CBS finds that within six months later, all 18 have resigned and on drug industry payroll. CBS shows medicare part-d drugs that are three times the price of identical drugs from the VA (which allows competitive bidding)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

By middle of last decade, the US Comptroller General is including in speeches that nobody in congress is capable of middle school arithmetic for how badly they are savaging the budget. He also refers to "Part-D" as enormous gift to the drug industry and says it will come to be a long term $40T that swamps all other budget items.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

The major transition in congress appears to coincide with the new administration at the start of the century. It is also follows the major shift in the (national) "Chamber of Commerce" detailed here

The Influence Machine: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Corporate Capture of American Life
http://www.amazon.com/Influence-Machine-Commerce-Corporate-American-ebook/dp/B00NDTUDHA/

Also about the same time was the lobbying for repeal of Glass-Steagall and preventing CDOs from being regulated.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
which was major factor behind the rise of too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Note that references from a few years ago was that financial industry had tripled in size (as percent of GDP) during the economic mess and NY State controller published that total bonuses paid out by wallstreet had quadrupled during the same period. recently this claims that financial industry accounts for 30% of profit
https://promarket.org/there-is-regulatory-capture-but-it-is-by-no-means-complete/
I don't consider myself an expert on the financial industry, but the fact that the financial industry is responsible for something like 30 percent of all profits seems rather remarkable. I am startled by the size of the financial industry and what it means. I can't believe this is really needed for the allocation of resources. A lot of it is going to be rent-seeking. It creates a diversion of resources, especially human capital, and not only does it create problems for the legitimacy of income distribution, but that also means resources diverted for this purpose [rent-seeking] can't be used elsewhere.

... snip ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#16 There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete

financial industry is skimming ever increasing share out of everybody's pocket.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

trivia: 17Apr2015, garlic.com put up a new webserver and copied all files from the old webserver to the new webserver. They may be trying to target commercial/businesses with the new webserver, since they haven't provided a way to update personal web pages. However, I've discovered that they (now/still?) have the old webserver up at www.garlic.com for the personal web pages i.e. "www.garlic.com" is "forbidden" but
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn
and others work.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

enigma

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: enigma
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Mar 2016 17:19:46 -0700
"Joe Morris" <j.c.morris@verizon.net> writes:
Even more, one does *not* discuss classified information in an environment where others, not possessing both the appropriate clearance *and* need-to-know, might overhear the discussion. Most residential occupancies fail to meet this requirement (think of how easy it would be to turn your telephone into a listening device).

we were walking down isle at supercomputer conference and coming up to a booth and one of the people we were with, turned and went the other direction. later they said that their clearance required them to report any reference to the site (hosting the booth) ... even though the site had been declassified, their clearance hadn't been updated (and they were still required to report any reference).

we were interested in the booth because they were one of the first IBM supercomputer installations.

I've mentioned before working on cluster scale-up for ha/cmp
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
... both commercial and scientific/technical with national labs. reference to commerical scale-up meeting in ellison's conference room Jan1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a month of the meeting, the scaleup work was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer for scientific and technical *ONLY* and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (contributing to decision to leave IBM) ... some old cluster scaleup email around that time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

and then 17feb1992, IBM press, announced for scientific and technical only
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and 11may1992, national lab interest in cluster scaleup caught IBM by surprise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

other trivia ... two of the Oracle people in the Ellison meeting, later leave Oracle and show up at small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We get brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server; the startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL"; the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

cryptologic museum has enigma
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Cryptologic_Museum
The NCM collection contains thousands of artifacts, including numerous working World War II German Enigma machines (2 of them are available for visitors to try out), and a Navy Bombe used to break it.

... snip ...

they also have an IBM Harvest display
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7950_Harvest
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HARVEST-tape.jpg

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

To Be or To Do

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: To Be or To Do
Date: 18 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
I use to sponsor Boyd's briefings at IBM
"There are two career paths in front of you, and you have to choose which path you will follow. One path leads to promotions, titles, and positions of distinction.... The other path leads to doing things that are truly significant for the Air Force, but the rewards will quite often be a kick in the stomach because you may have to cross swords with the party line on occasion. You can't go down both paths, you have to choose. Do you want to be a man of distinction or do you want to do things that really influence the shape of the Air Force? To be or to do, that is the question." Colonel John R. Boyd, USAF 1927-1997

From the dedication of Boyd Hall, United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. 17 September 1999

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War pg281/loc4905-6:
He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."

... snip ...

Lots of UCBerkeley (and other) graduates came to briefings at san jose research prepared to be greatly offended and came away surprised how much they like it

First time, I tried to do it through employee education department, initially they agreed and then as I provided them with more information, they changed their mind. They said that IBM spent a great deal of money educating managers on dealing with employees ... they thought that exposing general employees to Boyd would be counter productive. They said that I should restrict the audience to senior members of competitive analysis department

boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Globalization Worker Negotiation

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Globalization Worker Negotiation
Date: 18 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation

president of AMEX is in competition to be the next CEO and wins (the looser leaves taking his protegee and goes to Baltimore, taking over what has been described as loan sharking business). AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the AMEX president to turn around RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being reorg'ed into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect IBM. Uses some of same techniques at IBM that had been used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Later the former president of AMEX leaves IBM and becomes head of another large private-equity company which does LBO (among others) of company that will employ Snowden:
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower. They're not going away any time soon unless the CIA and NSA want to start over and with some off-the-shelf laptops, networked by the Geek Squad from Best Buy. Security clearances used to be a government function too, but are now a profit center for various private-equity subsidiaries.

... snip ...

especially when they get paid for doing background checks but just fillout paperwork and skip the checks. But the uptic in outsourcing last decade, also went along with rapidly spreading Success of Failure culture with the for-profit companies (many private-equity subsidiaries, under enormous pressure to pass revenue up to their parent)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
Success of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CeBIT and mainframes

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CeBIT and mainframes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Mar 2016 07:29:25 -0700
dave.g4ugm@GMAIL.COM (Dave Wade) writes:
In fact its a bit like SVC's in VM/370. The code which handles them is very different to that in the OS world, but the code still runs....

there was joke about the time MVS came out with 8mbyte kernel image in every virtual address space ... that the 32kbyte os/360 system services simulation in VM/CMS was a lot more efficient than the 8mbyte os/360 system services simulation in MVS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
Date: 18 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/07/generation-y-pay-price-baby-boomer-pensions

Baby boomers were four times larger than the previous generation and twice as large as the following generation. Baby Boomers were paying into pension plans (like social security) supposedly building up principal to cover their retirement. However large number of operations were paying out current pension obligations and using the excess yearly deposits for other purposes. This includes social security ... which currently has a missing $2.9T. As baby boomers retire the situation flips, there is less money being paid in each year than is being paid out ... and the principal that was suppose to be there was looted. In the case of Social Security, "Generation Y" will have to pay in for their retirement ... but they will also have to pay additional taxes to replace the $2.9T missing from the Social Security Trust Fund (that was suppose to be there to cover baby boomer retirement).

IBM specific,. AMEX is in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO take-over of RJR and KKR wins. KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the AMEX president to turn around RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and is in the process of being reorg'ed into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former president of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect IBM. Uses some of same techniques at IBM that had been used at RJR (precursor firm to Willis Towers Watson)
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Securitized Mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth that turned out to be empty lots). Late 90s I was asked to try and help prevent coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. However, the sellers discovered that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the major role that rating agencies played in the economic mess). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents and they could start selling no-document, liar loans. The triple-A rating largely responsible for moving mortgages out of traditional market and into the bond market, allowing them to sell to operations restricted to only safe investments, like large private & public pension funds (claim responsible for 30% hit to the funds and trillions in pension shortfall), largely response for over $27T done 2001-2008.

Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

And who is hoovering? Pushing over $27T through that market also accounts for claim that financial industry tripled in size during the period (as percent of GDP) and NY state comptroller reported that wallstreet bonuses more than quadrupled during the period ... and "There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete"
https://promarket.org/there-is-regulatory-capture-but-it-is-by-no-means-complete/
I don't consider myself an expert on the financial industry, but the fact that the financial industry is responsible for something like 30 percent of all profits seems rather remarkable. I am startled by the size of the financial industry and what it means. I can't believe this is really needed for the allocation of resources. A lot of it is going to be rent-seeking. It creates a diversion of resources, especially human capital, and not only does it create problems for the legitimacy of income distribution, but that also means resources diverted for this purpose [rent-seeking] can't be used elsewhere.

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CeBIT and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: CeBIT and mainframes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 20 Mar 2016 10:32:44 -0700
dcrayford@GMAIL.COM (David Crayford) writes:
Emulex sells an HBA that handles over 1M IOPS on a single port. IIRC, x86 Xeon class servers have something called DDIO which facilitates writes directly to processor cache. It's not too dissimilar to offloading I/O to SAPs. I've got old colleagues that work on distributed now and they are of the opinion that I/O bandwidth is not an issue on x86 systems, but it's not exactly commodity hardware. They're all hooked up using 16Gbs fiber connected to a SAN using PCIe, the same as z Systems.

I would question the RAS capabilities rather than I/O.


Last published mainframe I/O I've seen was peak I/O benchmark for z196 which got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre-channel). Also that all 14 SAPs would run 100% busy getting 2.2M SSCHs/sec but recommendation was keeping SAPs to 75% or 1.5M SSCHs/sec.

About the same time of the z196 peak I/O benchmark there was fibre-channel announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS, two such fibre-channel getting more throughput than 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre-channel) ... aka FICON is enormously heavy-weight protocol that drastically cuts the native throughput of fibre-channel.

disclaimer: 1980 I was asked to do the support for channel extender for STL (now IBM Silicon Valley Lab), they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. with access back to the STL datacenter; they had tried remote 3270 but found the human factors intolerable. The channel extender support put channel attached 3270 controllers out at the offsite bldg ... and resulted in response indistinguishable from channel attach 3270 controllers within the STL bldg. The vendor they tried to get approval from IBM to release the support, but there was a group in POK that was playing with some serial stuff and they got it blocked because they were afraid it might interfer with getting their stuff released.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

In 1988, I'm asked to help standardize some serial stuff that LLNL was playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ... one of the issues is that protocol latency effects increases with increase in bandwidth ... so that it becomes apparent even at relatively short distances. One of the features with the 1980 work is that it localized the enormous IBM channel protocol latency at the offsite bldg and then used much more efficient protocol for the longer distance. Fibre-channel used the much more efficient protocol for everything.

In 1990, the POK group finally get their stuff release as ESCON when it is already obsolete. Then some POK engineers become involved with fibre channel standard and define a protocol that enormously cuts the native throughput ... that is eventually released as FICON.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Note that the more recent zHPF/TCW work for FICON looks a little more like the work that I had done back in 1980. past posts mentioning zHPF/TCW
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#4 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#5 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#11 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#13 Intel Confirms Decline of Server Giants HP, Dell, and IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#43 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#9 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#19 How to get a tape's DSCB
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#44 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#51 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#70 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#72 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#25 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#14 Tech Time Warp of the Week: The 50-Pound Portable PC, 1977
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#23 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#12 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#72 ancient terminals, was The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#39 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#40 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman

Besides the peak I/O benchmark FICON throughput issue (compared to native fibre channel issue) there is also the overhead of CKD simulation. There hasn't been any real CKD disks built for decades, current CKD disks are all simulation on industry standard commodity disks.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

Other tivia, when I moved to San Jose Research in the 70s, they let me wander around. At the time the disk engineering lab (bldg 14) and disk product test lab (bldg 15) they were running pre-scheduled standalone mainframe around the clock, 7x24. At one point they had tried to us MVS for concurrent testing, but found that MVS had 15mins MTBF in that environment. I offerred to rewrite I/O supervisor that made it bullet proof and never fail ... being able to do ondemand, anytime concurrent testing, greatly improving productivity. I happened to mention that MVS 15min MTBF in an internal-only report on the work ... which brings down the wrath of the MVS group on my head (not that it was untrue, but that it exposed the information to the rest of the company). When they found that they couldn't get me fired, they then were to make sure they made my career as unpleasant as possible (blocking promotions and awards whenever they could).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012


z13 published refs is 30% move throughput than EC12 (or about 100BIPS) with 40% more processors ... or about 710MIPS/proc

z196 era e5-2600v1 blade rated at 400-500+BIPS depending on model, e5-2600v4 blades are three-four times that, around 1.5TIPS (1500BIPS).

i.e. since the start of the century, commodity processors have increased their processing power significantly more aggresively than mainframe. They have also come to dominate the wafer-chip manufacturing technology ... and essentially mainframe chips have converged to use the same technology (in much the same way mainframe has converged to use industry standard fibre channel and disks). EC12 financials implied that a single minimum sized chip wafer run produced more EC12 processor chips than will ever be sold.

Typical cloud megadatacenter has several hundred thousand systems with millions of processors ... operated by around 100 people or less (rather than people/system, it is systems/person) ... and have more aggregate processing capacity than all mainframes in the world today. Systems are designed for fall-over and redundancy ... and with larger operations with dozen or more such cloud megadatacenters around the world, they are also designed for fallover and redundancy between datacenters.

Max. mainframe configuration around $30M compared to couple thousand for e5-2600 blade ... say 1/10,000th the cost for 15 times the processing power. System costs have dropped so drastically that power&cooling cost have increasingly come to dominate for cloud megadatacenter.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Globalization Worker Negotiation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Globalization Worker Negotiation
Date: 20 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#21 Globalization Worker Negotiation

I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM. The first time in the early 80s, I tried to do it through the employee education department and at first they agreed. However, as I provided them more information about Boyd's briefings they changed their mind. They said that IBM spends a lot of money training managers on how to manage employees ... and to expose general employees to Boyd would be counterproductive. Furthermore I should limit the audience to only senior members of competitive analysis departments (aka part of the briefings was how to effectively operate in competitive situation ... and exposing general employees to that could make the management training less effective).

Trivia: about the time I was at Boeing (mentioned up above) ... Boyd had been very vocal about the electronic monitoring wouldn't work ... and possibly as punishment he was assigned command of "spook base". Boyd biographies comment that "spook base" was a $2.5B (in 1970 dollars) windfall for IBM (Boyd would comment that it had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of world). Discussion of "spook base" ... gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

boyd posts and WEB URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

I taught myself how to type on typewriter i found in junk when I was 12. I got 2741 (computer connected selectric) in 1967 at work and one at home in March1970 (46yrs ago). in late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing (precursor to social media) on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. Somewhat as result the company started officially sanctioned computing conferencing group. In those days there would sometimes be jokes about my posting as much as the whole rest of the company ... so I've somewhat mellowed in the last 30yrs.

For most of this i usually type into text letter and then copy&paste. Some of this stuff I've posted similar before, so I copy previous post in the text editor ... slightly tweak ... and then repost. bunch of archived stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/
this is article from last decade in IBM Systems mag about it (although they slightly garbled some stuff)
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History/

As undergraduate in the 60s, Univ. hired me fulltime to be responsible for their IBM production systems. In Jan1968, people from the IBM Cambridge Science Center came out in Jan1968 to install CP67/CMS. CP67 had 1052&2741 terminal support ... but the univ. had 2741 and TTY/ascii. The CP67 terminal support did automatic terminal type identification (switching line-scanner with terminal controller SAD CCW). I had to add TTY/ascii terminal support and integrated it in such a way that it did 1052, 2741, & TTY dynamic terminal type identification. I then wanted to have single dial-in number and single "hunt group" for all terminal controller ports. The problem was IBM took short cut and hard wired line speed for each port (while allowing to change line-scanner type). This restriction is part of univ. motivation to start our own clone controller ... building channel interface board for Interdata/3 minicomputer programmed to emulate the IBM terminal controller ... but also supporting dynamic terminal speed. Later this is expanded to Interdata/4 for channel interface and cluster of interdata/3s for lines/ports. Four of us get written up for (some part) of clone controller business. Later Perkin-Elmer buys Interdata, and the clone controller is sold under the PE name.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

well before I got blamed for online computer conferencing, I was being told I could expect no IBM career or promotions ... which continued through my career. At my executive exit interview, I was told that they could have forgiven me for being wrong, but they would never forgive me for being right. In between there were sessions with the corporate VP of technical vitality ... who repeatedly told me that the company & I were on collision course. From truth is stranger than fiction .... the day after my last day at IBM, I get a letter at home saying that I was promoted.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

After 12yrs at IBM, I wrote an "Open Door" that said I was drastically underpaid. After a couple weeks, I got back a written response from the head of HR that said after careful review of my whole career at IBM, I was being paid exactly what I was suppose to. I took copy of the original and response and sent back a cover letter. I had recently been asked to interview new hire candidates (fresh from school) that would be in a new group that work under my technical direction (I refused to be manager). These newly minted graduates were being offered starting salary 30% more than I was making. I never got written response, but my next paycheck had 30% increase (same as new-hire starting salary). People had to remind me that "business ethics" is an "oxymoron" and no expectation to be told the truth. I know somebody that spent 10yrs of his military career at DTRA ... which has motto Trust, but Verify

In the early 80s, there was article in the Washington Post calling for 100% unearned profit tax on the US auto industry. The issue was that congress had pass import auto quotas to drastically reduce competition to give US industry enormous profits that were supposed to completely remake themselves. However, they just pocketed the money and continued business as usual. In 1990, the industry had C4 task force to look at completely remaking themselves and since they were planning on heavily leveraging technology they invited representation from major technology vendors. In the meetings, they could clearly articulate what the foreign competition was doing and what they needed to do to change. One of the issue was that foreign competition had cut the industry elapsed time from idea to rolling off the line (7-8yrs, frequently ran two efforts in parallel offset 3-4yrs), in half ... and were in the process of cutting it in half again. That met foreign competition could react much more quickly/agile to changing preferences & technology. Industry had also sold off parts business to private-equity operations. This further opened discontinuity between suppliers and design. Sub-assemblies could totally change over 7-8yr period and not fit in original design, requiring expensive redesign and rework. In any case, recent bailouts demonstrate that they still continue business as usual and weren't able to remake themselves. Disclaimer: offline I would chide the reps from IBM mainframe about how did they figure they contribute since they had many of the same problems.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 10:56:40 -0700
greymaus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
Historically, a President appointed so many people to office in their last day and hours, and each app. needed a signature, that they couldnt write for weeks after. I forget which.

more like pardons and executive orders on last day. then on the first day, then are a flurry of executive orders that reverse the executive orders from a few hours earlier.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 11:14:47 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
more like pardons and executive orders on last day. then on the first day, then are a flurry of executive orders that reverse the executive orders from a few hours earlier.

one of the executive orders of the last administration was that 80s administrative papers were due for automatic release by the National Archives ... and the president signs an executive order blocking their release ... the VP at the time was the president's father and previously director of the CIA ... but claimed he had no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

President who Eviscerated Presidential Records Act Relying on His Presidential Library to Boost Legacy.
http://nsarchive.wordpress.com/2013/04/25/president-who-eviscerated-presidential-records-act-relying-on-his-presidential-library-to-boost-his-legacy/

from above:
Executive Order 13,233 was signed by President Bush on November 1, 2001, so that his White House Counsel -- not the National Archives -- could review 68,000 pages of records from the Reagan Presidential Library, and decide if the public had the right to read them. These documents included a six-page 8 December 1986 memo to the President and Director of Public Affairs entitled, "Talking Points on Iran/Contra Affairs"; a series of memos dated 22 November and 1 December 1988 for the President entitled, "Pardon for Oliver North, John Poindexter, and Joseph Fernandez"; and a two-page memo for the President from the Attorney General, "Appeal of the Decision Denying the Enforcement of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987."

... snip ...

HISTORIANS, PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS SUE TO STOP BUSH ORDER; Say New Restrictions on White House Files Violate Presidential Records Act; "Bush Order Attempts to Overturn the Law, Take the Power Back"
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20011128/

Court Rules Delay in Release of Presidential Papers is Illegal; Fails to Address Authority of Former Vice Presidents to Hold Up Disclosure of Papers
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20071001/

from above:
The Presidential Records Act of 1978 (PRA) emerged from the scandals of the Nixon presidency to require former presidents to release their records no later than 12 years after they leave office. Under the PRA, as amended, the U.S. government asserts complete "ownership, possession, and control" of all Presidential and Vice-Presidential records.

... snip ...

of course the son then presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis.

past refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#58 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#62 What Makes collecting sales taxes Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#92 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#41 Is newer technology always better? It almost is. Exceptions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#21 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#30 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#85 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

CeBIT and mainframes

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: CeBIT and mainframes
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 18:14:47 -0700
0000000a2a8c2020-dmarc-request@LISTSERV.UA.EDU (Tom Marchant) writes:
On Tue, 22 Mar 2016 00:16:52 +0800, David Crayford wrote:
z/OS:

DOC:/u/doc/src: >time iospeed

real    0m 1.15s
user    0m 0.62s
sys     0m 0.20s

Dell:

davcra01@cervidae:~$ time ./iospeed

real    0m0.254s
user    0m0.048s
sys     0m0.199s
I have two questions.

1. What do the above figures mean?

2. What happens on z/OS when you put a heavy load on 320 channels all at once?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#22 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes

don't know the model of the Dell blade ... however some amount of the z/os system processing has been offloaded to the SAPs and don't show up, while much of the equivalent system processing will show in the DELL numbers.


z/os 1.15seconds  versus dell .254seconds elapsed time: 1.15/.254=4.528 times
.62seconds  versus dell .048seconds user cpu:      .62/.048=12.917 times
.20seconds  versus dell .199seconds system cpu:    .20/.199=1.005 times

z196 time-frame before ibm sold its commodity server business, max. configured z196 was around $30M and rated for 50BIPS aka $30M/50BIPS = $600000/BIPS.

IBM base price for commodity server blade (some e5-2600v1 model) was $1815 and e5-2600v1 were rated 400-500+BIPS (depending on model) or around $1815/400=$4.54/BIPS.

Major cloud vendors have been claiming for over a decade that they assemble their own server blades for 1/3rd the price of brand name blades (contributing to motivation for IBM to sell off its commodity server business) ... or approaching $1/BIPS.

Last published peak I/O benchmark that I've seen was 2M IOPS for z196 using 104 FICONs (running over 104 fibre-channel). At the same time there was (single) fibre-channel announced for e5-2600v1 blade claiming over million IOPS ... two such fibre-channel have higher throughput than 104 FICONs running over 104 fibre-channel, aka FICON protocol running over fibre-channel enormously cuts the native throughput.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Also for z196 published information was all SAPs run 100% busy at 2.2M SSCH/second, but recommendations are SAPs kept to 75% busy or 1.5M SSCH/second. Also zHPF/TCW (a bit of what I did for channel extender in 1980) claims it improves FICON throughput by about 30% (still way below native fibre-channel throughput).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

z13 with 320 FICON only increases z196 peak I/O 104 FICON by about factor of three (6M IOPS?). The equivalent would then be six native fibre-channel on e5-2600v4 blade (which claim rating of 3-4 times that of e5-2600v1 blade).

Before IBM unloaded its commodity server blade business they were advertising high density 64blade racks. Base price of 64 IBM blades would then be almost $120K ... cloud assembling their own would be 1/3rd that or around $40K for single rack (compared to fully configured z13 around $30M?).

Intel tick-tock
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Tick-Tock

e5-2600v1 was 32nm chip technology, same as z196&ec12

e5-2600v4 is 14nm chip technology "tick"/broadwell
http://www.itworld.com/article/2985214/hardware/intels-xeon-roadmap-for-2016-leaks.html

moving to "tock"/skylake

with PCIe solid state disks (some nearly 1M IOPS/drive)
http://www.fastestssd.com/featured/ssd-rankings-the-fastest-solid-state-drives/#pcie

and coming up next year:
http://www.kitguru.net/components/graphic-cards/anton-shilov/pci-express-4-0-with-16gts-data-rates-and-new-connector-to-be-finalized-by-2017/?PageSpeed=noscript
16GT/s base transfer rate will allow PCI Express 4.0 x1 interconnection to transfer up to 2GB of data per second, whereas the PCIe 4.0 x16 slots used for graphics cards and ultra-high-end solid-state drives will provide up to 32GB/s of bandwidth. Higher transfer rates will also let mobile devices to save power since it will take less time to transfer data.

....

32GByte/sec for solid state disks.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 18:44:34 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Spending on weapons creates jobs here in the USA. Great Society spending transfers a lot of money to Drug cartels in Mexico and Columbia.

It is the too big to jail that are responsible for the money laundering and moving money. Gov. has been repeatedly slapping the too big to fail for couple decades repeated "money laundering" for drug cartel and terrorists with repeated "deferred prosecutions" and trivial fines (compared to amounts involved, part of joke that it is just viewed as cost of doing criminal business).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

The money laundering of the too big to fail for the drug cartels (and terrorists) is also credited for their ability to acquire large amounts of military grade arms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

same too big to fail behind the over $27T in (toxic) CDOs 2001-2008 ... and the economic mess last decade

Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Eisenhower's Military-Industrial Complex warning speech
http://www.npr.org/2011/01/17/132942244/ikes-warning-of-military-expansion-50-years-later
and his "chance for peace speech"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chance_for_Peace_speech
Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some fifty miles of concrete pavement. We pay for a single fighter with a half-million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people. . . . This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron.[1][5]

... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

there was some expectation that after the demise of soviet union there would be a "peace dividend" ... that it would be possible to reduce the feeding of the MICC ... but they managed to continually increase the amount (and there are trillions that nobody seems to know where it went).

One of Colonel John Boyd quotes:
"People say the Pentagon does not have a strategy. They are wrong. The Pentagon does have a strategy; it is: Don't interrupt the money flow, add to it."

... snip ...

Boyd posts and URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Globalization Worker Negotiation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Globalization Worker Negotiation
Date: 21 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#17 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#21 Globalization Worker Negotiation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#25 Globalization Worker Negotiation

There is transparency & visibility, accountability, and trust, but verify. Up thread I mention having confrontation with corporate VP of technical vitality (and being told I was on collision course with the company). He said that there was an acceptable process to raise issues with appropriate person in corporate hdqtrs. I had communicated with dozens of people who said that they had used that process and were always asked why they were raising the issue ... since nobody else had (and w/o transparency and visibility you would have never known they weren't telling the truth).

I got along a lot better with him when he left IBM and became director of NSF. We were working with him to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers and were suppose to get $20M. Congress then cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally a RFP is released (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding. He writes the company a letter trying to help (copying the CEO, with support from NSA chief scientist and former IBM chief scientist) but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does statements that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connects into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet).

During this period the communication group was spreading huge amount of misinformation inside IBM ... claiming things like SNA/VTAM could do the job. Somebody collected a lot of the misinformation email and forwarded it to us. From long ago and far away, heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

old NSFNET email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 21:06:28 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#26 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#27 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#29 Qbasic

More Defense Dollars Don't Guarantee a Better Military; The truth about military spending.
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2016/more-defense-dollars-dont.html
More Defense Dollars Don't Guarantee a Better Military; The truth about military spending.
http://reason.com/archives/2016/02/29/more-defense-dollars-dont-guarantee-a-be
Last month Center for American Progress Senior Fellow Lawrence Korb explained that it's much easier to cut readiness than it is to cut a weapon system supported by and lobbied for by the defense industry. The pressure placed on Congress by the defense industry is relentless, with the defense industry spending a stunning $128 million on lobbying Congress in 2014 to support defense projects and bills that benefit them instead of training and support for our armed forces.

... snip ...

note that MIC will lobby to cut just about everything else as long as they can get the money that lines their pockets (readiness, training, benefits, people, etc)

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 11:20:59 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Most liberals attack the idea, not the individual.

Most conservatives attack the individual, not the idea.


aka
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ad_hominem

google search on "political ad hominem attacks"
http://www.redstate.com/diary/ryuzzi/2015/09/11/donald-trump-art-ad-hominem/
http://ndsmcobserver.com/2015/11/ad-hominem-politics/
http://www.clearerthinking.org/?_escaped_fragment_=the-2016-presidential-debates--subtitled/wt7g0#!the-2016-presidential-debates--subtitled/wt7g0
http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/political-animal/2011_08/the_ultimate_political_ad_homi031689.php

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
Date: 22 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
and linkedin
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/institutional-memory-two-factor-authentication-lynn-wheeler

Too good to be forgotten - why institutional memory matters
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-35821782

In the mid-90s, there were financial industry presentations on motivation for moving the (proprietary) dial-up banking operations to the internet. The major motivation for consumer dial-up banking move to the internet was the huge cost of supporting serial-port based modems. A typical operation had 60 or more different modem drivers (and constantly increasing for different operating systems, different operating system versions, and different modems) and frequent customer support problems where serial-port conflicts could brick a machine and software would have to be re-installed.

At the same time there were presentations by the commercial/business dial-up cash management/banking about they would *never* move to the internet because of a list of exploits and vulnerabilities. However, since then many did move to the internet anyway and have been plagued by those exploits and vulnerabilities. At one point Federal Reserve recommend businesses have a machine dedicated for internet banking and *NEVER* used for any other purpose (in part approximating the days of dial-up banking).

Roll forward a few years to the end of the century and early programs to deploy chip-cards in the consumer market. One of the programs got a fire sale deal on serial-port chip-readers and were giving them away free to their customers. Then came the huge consumer support problems and rapidly spreading rumors in the financial industry that chip-cards weren't practical in the consumer market.

We were involved in a detailed postmortem analysis of the issues resulting in the failure. It turns out that it wasn't a problem directly with the chip-cards, but with the (free) serial-port chip-readers ... same as the problem with serial-port modems a few short years earlier (and motivation to move to the internet, offloading the serial-port modem problem on ISPs). It was a prime example of the evaporation of institutional memory in the financial industry over that short period. The tragic nature of the problem was worsened because USB was being developed specifically to address those serial-port issues ... and the serial-port chip-reader fire-sale came about because they were obsoleted by the coming generation of USB devices.

And that folks is a major reason that we didn't get chip-based authentication devices over a decade ago.

Disclaimer: I had a number of chip-based authentication pilots going on at the time and it was especially discouraging to see the industry mass pull-back as a result of the program that deployed the serial-port devices

posts mentioning dial-up banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#dialup-banking

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 17:08:45 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Actually, the beginnings of bank deregulation--and economic devastation--was passed by Jimmy Carter 1980, in the DIDC.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depository_Institutions_Deregulation_and_Monetary_Control_Act

It allowed savings banks to get into commercial banking, for which they were not qualified to do, and led to a lot of bank failures.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#0 Repealing Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#8 Too Big To Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#71 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#86 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#5 The Deep State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#42 Nobody saw the economic mess coming last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#27 Qbasic

Reagan administration (possibly in form of the VP) asked the S&L reguatlor to drastically lesson oversight and he refused. He was then asked to resign so that they could appoint somebody that would do what was asked.

S&L poster child was Keating
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Keating

taken down by Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
"The former Director of the Institute for Fraud Prevention now teaches Economics and Law at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. During the savings and loan crisis, it was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course."[5]

... snip ...

a lot more information: "The Best Way to Rob a Bank is to Own One: How Corporate Executives and Politicians Looted the S&L Industry"
http://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

part of the obfuscation and misdirection away from the out&out fraudulent activity during the S&L crisis ... was some earlier relaxing of oversight ...

this mentions the replacement S&L regulator by name; and goes into a lot more detail; although it doesn't specifically cite who in the administration that was his contract. However, other sources cite the VP VP as saying he knew nothing about the Iran/Contra affair because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating the S&L industry.
http://www.amazon.com/Two-Trillion-Dollar-Meltdown-ebook/dp/B001S49AV2

loc655-67:
By the time Pratt had finished, it was possible for a single individual to take control of an S&L, then organize and lend to multiple subsidiaries -- for land acquisition, construction, building management, and the like -- and create his own small real estate empire entirely with depositors' money.

loc657-58:
Or more commonly, to pretend to create a real estate empire while siphoning deposits into, say, personal jet planes, a favorite in Texas.

loc660-61:
Another owner with a $1.8 billion loan book had bought six Learjets before the Feds noticed that 96 percent of his loans were delinquent.

... snip ...

There were 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with jail time) for the S&L crisis. The economic mess last decade (with another member of the family presiding) was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis, but there have been no criminal referrals or convictions (proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime, of course even in the S&L crisis some number with friends/relatives in high places got off).

some past Meltdown refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#50 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#18 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#43 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#69 RR songs, was Re: e50th/60th anniversary of SABRE--real-time airline reservations computer system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming

some other past black and/or keating refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#89 Behold The Face Of Central Banker Hubris
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#83 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#80 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#5 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#137 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#153 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#92 Ocwen's Servicing Meltdown Proves Failure of Obama's Mortgage Settlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#0 S&L Crisis and Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#31 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#75 Hillary Remains Clueless About Regulation on the 28th Anniversary of the Keating Five Meeting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#38 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#56 The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#11 25 Years: How the Web began

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 23 Mar 2016 10:08:54 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Reagan administration (possibly in form of the VP) asked the S&L reguatlor to drastically lesson oversight and he refused. He was then asked to resign so that they could appoint somebody that would do what was asked.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#34 Qbasic

besides removing all adult oversight (which enabled much of the criminal activity), both regulators (the one that refused, and his replacement that went along) have said that the other major request from the administration was that S&L reserve requirements be cut in half. Cutting the reserve requirements gave the S&L institutions a whole lot to immediately invest. Many of the people running those institutions didn't have the experience to make those decisions. They then became easy pickings for wallstreet vultures selling "junk bonds" ... which led to wallstreet criminal convictions and jail time. This is separate from the lack of oversight allowing criminals taking over S&L operations and running their own criminal operations (criminals taking over S&L institutions and wallstreet criminals selling junk to other S&L institutions)
http://www.amazon.com/Best-Way-Rob-Bank-Own-ebook/dp/B00H5B9Z80/

The "junk bond" activity is part of the reference to that wallstreet industry got such a bad reference during the S&L crisis, that they changed their name to "private equity" and "junk bonds" become "high-yield bonds".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 23 Mar 2016 19:58:45 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Oops, looks like Lynn touched a nerve there :(

Are there any Republicans who don't call themselves "conservative"? If you guys can't agree on a definition, how are us lefties supposed to figure it out?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#32 Qbasic

URLs weren't my fault ... that was just the first page from google, I just google search on "political ad hominem attacks" ... i didn't ask for them to be specific political affiliation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 24 Mar 2016 09:21:45 -0700
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
I was talking of the core document and the Bill of Rights Rightly or wrongly, I think of the Bill of Rights as being an integral part of the original issue of the Constitution.

this talks about the core document not getting ratified, somewhat federalist versus anti-federalist. Madison then drafts 17 bill-of-rights for the anti-federalist ... which is pared down to 12 for vote. the first two are not adopted but 3-12 becomes the "bill-of-rights".

Constitution of the United States
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_history.html
The Bill of Rights

The call for a bill of rights had been the anti-Federalists' most powerful weapon. Attacking the proposed Constitution for its vagueness and lack of specific protection against tyranny, Patrick Henry asked the Virginia convention, "What can avail your specious, imaginary balances, your rope-dancing, chain-rattling, ridiculous ideal checks and contrivances." The anti-Federalists, demanding a more concise, unequivocal Constitution, one that laid out for all to see the right of the people and limitations of the power of government, claimed that the brevity of the document only revealed its inferior nature. Richard Henry Lee despaired at the lack of provisions to protect "those essential rights of mankind without which liberty cannot exist." Trading the old government for the new without such a bill of rights, Lee argued, would be trading Scylla for Charybdis.

A bill of rights had been barely mentioned in the Philadelphia convention, most delegates holding that the fundamental rights of individuals had been secured in the state constitutions. James Wilson maintained that a bill of rights was superfluous because all power not expressly delegated to thenew government was reserved to the people. It was clear, however, that in this argument the anti-Federalists held the upper hand. Even Thomas Jefferson, generally in favor of the new government, wrote to Madison that a bill of rights was "what the people are entitled to against every government on earth."

By the fall of 1788 Madison had been convinced that not only was a bill of rights necessary to ensure acceptance of the Constitution but that it would have positive effects. He wrote, on October 17, that such "fundamental maxims of free Government" would be "a good ground for an appeal to the sense of community" against potential oppression and would "counteract the impulses of interest and passion."


...
Benjamin Franklin told a French correspondent in 1788 that the formation of the new government had been like a game of dice, with many players of diverse prejudices and interests unable to make any uncontested moves. Madison wrote to Jefferson that the welding of these clashing interests was "a task more difficult than can be well conceived by those who were not concerned in the execution of it." When the delegates left Philadelphia after the convention, few, if any, were convinced that the Constitution they had approved outlined the ideal form of government for the country. But late in his life James Madison scrawled out another letter, one never addressed. In it he declared that no government can be perfect, and "that which is the least imperfect is therefore the best government."

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

my wife's father is given a set of (1880) fiske history books at west point for some honor. Fiske characterized it as the northern english states would adopt government much more like england (federalist), but it was the "scotts" in the mid-atlantic states responsible for giving us individual liberaties (anti-federalists). past posts mentioning fiske history books (now available as free ebooks at various places):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#22 You can't do the math without the words
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#2 Did they apply Boyd's concepts?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#13 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#75 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 24 Mar 2016 11:04:33 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
"All men are created equal", but other than that nothing guarantees equality of outcomes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic

one of the issues of english/scotts in america and the federalist/anti-federalist ... was english long history of inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

"Why Nations Fail" discusses Spanish conquest of the new world which was plunder and enslave the local population (and keeping them at subsistance level). It compares it with the English attempting to emulate a similar strategy early 1600s for Jamestown in Virginia. Jamestown almost starved the first two years because they originally sent over skills oriented to plundering and enslaving the local population (emulating the Spanish model by the "Virginia Corporation" given the crown charter). Virginia, Maryland and Carolina then changed the strategy to sending over large numbers of enslaved Englishman that had no rights; somewhat feudal, the "leet-men" had no rights, pg27:
The clauses of the Fundamental Constitutions laid out a rigid social structure. At the bottom were the "leet-men," with clause 23 noting, "All the children of leet-men shall be leet-men, and so to all generations."

... snip ...

escaping was punishable by death. Lots of factors resulted in not being able to preserve the elite corporate ownership in North America, and eventually the areas graduate to becoming colonies with evolving citizen rights. At the time of constitution, there was northern states dominated more by English/federalist & elite versus the mid-atlantic states dominated more by Scottish/anti-federalist & more equality.

past posts referencing "leet-men":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#17 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#84 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 24 Mar 2016 14:19:36 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#38 Qbasic
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Report: Nixon aide says war on drugs targeted blacks, hippies
http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/23/politics/john-ehrlichman-richard-nixon-drug-war-blacks-hippie/index.html
Nixon aide: 'War on Drugs' was tool to target 'black people'
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/nixon-aide-war-drugs-tool-target-black-people-article-1.2573832
Nixon Aide Reportedly Admitted Drug War Was Meant To Target Black People
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/nixon-drug-war-racist_us_56f16a0ae4b03a640a6bbda1
Legalize It All
https://harpers.org/archive/2016/04/legalize-it-all/
Nixon started the War on Drugs because he couldn't declare war on black people and hippies
http://boingboing.net/2016/03/22/nixon-started-the-war-on-drugs.html
Nixon Policy Advisor Admits He Invented War On Drugs to Suppress 'Anti-War Left and Black People'
http://jezebel.com/nixons-policy-advisor-admits-he-invented-war-on-drugs-t-1766359595

which has contributed significantly to US having the highest incarceration rate in the world:

U.S. Has World's Highest Incarceration Rate
http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2012/us-incarceration.aspx

along with schemes for debtor prisons which are against the law

Are debtors' prisons returning?
http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/04/opinions/jones-debtors-prisons/
Debtors' prison is supposed to be illegal in the United States. But in too many American cities, it has made a shocking return.

... snip ...

and for-profit prisons paying kickbacks for prisoners

Judges Plead Guilty in Scheme to Jail Youths for Profit
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/13/us/13judge.html

Of course some of his other past indiscretions

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Nixon betrayal far worse than GOP Iran letter; Republican nominee sabotaged Vietnam peace talks before he was elected president.
http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/10/senators-letter-doesnt-rise-to-nixons-level/24695093/
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21768668
How Richard Nixon Sabotaged 1968 Vietnam Peace Talks to Get Elected President
http://www.truth-out.org/progressivepicks/item/13994-how-richard-nixon-sabotaged-1968-vietnam-peace-talks-to-get-elected-president

and

Watergate: The Scandal That Brought Down Richard Nixon
http://watergate.info/
Watergate Scandal
http://www.history.com/topics/watergate

past posts mentioning watergate, nixon, incarceration and/or for-profit prisons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#73 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#96 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#6 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#7 Need tool to zap core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#74 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#49 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#71 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#16 A Matter of Mindset: Iraq, Sequestration and the U.S. Army
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#54 NBC's website hacked with malware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#37 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#38 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#5 Lessons Learned from the Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#12 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#25 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#21 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#22 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#23 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#73 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#38 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#61 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#75 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#87 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#33 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#34 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#37 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#70 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#27 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:13:30 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

More Defense Dollars Don't Guarantee a Better Military; The truth about military spending.
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/defense-budget/2016/more-defense-dollars-dont.html
More Defense Dollars Don't Guarantee a Better Military; The truth about military spending.
http://reason.com/archives/2016/02/29/more-defense-dollars-dont-guarantee-a-be
Last month Center for American Progress Senior Fellow Lawrence Korb explained that it's much easier to cut readiness than it is to cut a weapon system supported by and lobbied for by the defense industry. The pressure placed on Congress by the defense industry is relentless, with the defense industry spending a stunning $128 million on lobbying Congress in 2014 to support defense projects and bills that benefit them instead of training and support for our armed forces.
... snip ...

note that MIC will lobby to cut just about everything else as long as they can get the money that lines their pockets (readiness, training, benefits, people, etc)

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#31 Qbasic

Pentagon Institutes Civilian Hiring Freeze
http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/policy-budget/budget/2016/03/24/pentagon-civilian-hiring-freeze-dod-position-staff-cuts/82221662/

So how much of the savings goes to military countracts ... and how much of it is privatization for for-profit beltway bandits?

Last decade there was massive privatization increase going on ... intelligence saw 70% of the budget and over half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

especially to private-equity subsidiaries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

along with the rapid spreading Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
Success of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

A lot more recent stuff on DOD budget
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/2016/03/americas-gravest-strategic-danger.html
The Base Budget is the nuts and bolts budget that is supposed to sustain our military forces in peace time. The OCO budget is a special gimmicky appropriation to pay for war fighting in the ongoing Global War on Terror (GWOT). The OCO was invented in 2001 in response to 9-11 to fund the wartime operations in the GWOT, and it is a bit squirrelly, to put it charitably. Prior to 9-11, all of America's wars --- for example, WWI, WWII, Korea, Vietnam, the First Gulf War [2], Kosovo -- were funded out of what we now call the Base Budget.

... snip ...

Last decade, the administration and congress were all playing enormous number of financial parlor tricks. They let the fiscal responsibility act expire in 2002 (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue) ... and the 2010 CBO report was that 2003-2009, tax revenue was cut $6T and spending increase $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget ... first time congress enormously cut the tax revenue to not pay for a war.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

Part of CBO report was that there was $1+T for DOD that they couldn't find anything to show for (enormous amounts leaking into the pockets of the military-industrial-congressional complex).

The military industrial complex really wanted the iraq invasion ... corporate representatives were telling former soviet block countries that if they voted for the invasion in UN, they would get NATO membership and USAID that could only be used to buy modern US arms.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

The administration justified the invasion, in part on WMDs they knew didn't exist and in part that it would only cost $50B.

The cousin of the White House Chief of Staff Card was dealing with Iraq in the UN and was given proof that the WMDs had been decommissioned. The information was provided to Card, Powell and others ... but about to go public, got locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

they did find the decomissioned WMDs (tracing back to the US in the 80s, Iran/Iraq war), but the information was classified for over a decade.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

Note her book was published 2010 after administration change ... and then the 2014 NYTimes series about declassifying finding the decommissioned WMDs (tracing back to the US in the 80s) ... which at least substantiates her claims about decommissioned WMDs. That just leaves the part about being locked up.

The wars are now estimated to hit $5T-$6T, with long term veteran benefits and care .... a hundred times larger than that original $50B claim.

Boyd posts and URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 25 Mar 2016 10:00:28 -0700
Walter Bushell <proto@panix.com> writes:
Don't fool yourself, a lot of the weapons money ends up with the drug cartels, remember employed people have more money for drugs.

several articles is that a lot of military grade weapons and equipment have ended up with the drug cartels because of all the money laundering by the too big to fail .... the too big to fail have repeatedly been caught money laundering for the drug cartels and terrorists ... and rather than being shutdown and set to jail, they get their hands slapped, a (relatively small) fine and "deferred prosecution" (i.e. they have to promise to not do it again). This provides the drug cartels with the funds they've used to buy military grade weapons and equipment, like advanced submarines, etc ... and is much of the fuel for the gang wars and violence on both sides of the border
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

even have a case of collusion between the too big to fail and the military-industrial(-congressional) complex ... since the money laundering fueling of the drug cartels and terrorists ... helps the MICC justify increased funding.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

and of course congress loves it because the too big to fail and the military-industrial complex have pumped billions into congress ("the best congress money can buy" and "the most corrupt institution on earth").

then there is recent revelation that Nixon concocted the "war on drugs"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#39 Qbasic

analogoous to the previous administration has used the "war on terror".

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

DUMPRX

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: DUMPRX
Date: 25 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
Early in life of REXX, before released to customers, I wanted to show it wasn't just another pretty scripting language. I decided I would completely rewrite IPCS (very large problem/dump analysis program implemented assembler) in half-time over 3month period, implementing ten times the function with ten times the performance (some slight of hand going from assembler to interpreted REXX). I finished early so I started library of automated routines that would look for all sorts of typical failure signatures. I then thought it would be released to customers especially since it came to be used by nearly all PSRs and internal datacenters. For whatever reason it wasn't released, but I got approval to give presentations at IBM user group meetings on how to do the implementation (and within a few months, customer implementations start to appear). Closest I came to release was the 3090 service processor people (3092) were looking at including it with the 3092.

from long ago and far away ... note DUMPRX could be run directly from terminal or as XEDIT session, where all input/output is saved in XEDIT file .....
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

All is Lost At IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: All is Lost At IBM
Date: 25 Mar 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
All is Lost At IBM
http://seekingalpha.com/article/3956919-lost-ibm

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Which coincides with the big downturn in the late 80s, not just disks but the rest of mainframe datacenter infrastructure. A few short years later, IBM goes into the red and is being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company.

Note in the mid/late 80s, top executives were predicting that IBM revenue would double primarily based on mainframe business ... and there was big internal building program to double mainframe related manufacturing capacity. There was also influx of "fast-track" MBAs preparing for doubling the company (they were being frequently rotated around various business units ... frequently to the detriment of the victim units).

El-Erian, "The Only Game in Town"
http://www.amazon.com/Only-Game-Town-Instability-Avoiding-ebook/dp/B0165I3V4C/

loc3334-36:
Remember the dominance of IBM on the eve of the personal computer (PC) revolution. The company had by far the most powerful brand in technology. Each year it deployed a large R&D budget. And it was profitable. By these metrics, it was in a very strong position to dominate the PC revolution.

loc3336-39:
Research shows that IBM executives were aware of the "disruptive technology" aspect of the PC. They discussed the issues involved, recognizing the potential for a bimodal outcome for mainframe customers, their bread-and-butter clientele. Some would be lost permanently to the PC while others would be interested in mainframe upgrades to support new requirements.

loc3340-41:
But when it came to implementation, IBM appeared to fall into the "active inertia" trap. Rather than pivot decisively to the new approach, they allowed their much more familiar historical behavior to overinfluence their future actions.

... snip ...

Communication group 1) had terminal emulation design point ... which wasn't high throughput and 2) didn't support networking. Disk division wanted a LAN controller that could get closer to 3mbyte/sec sustained throughput and had a bunch of networking support out in the controller (cutting overhead and pathlength back in the host) ... which you could get from other platforms.

Original IBM tcp/ip was done in vs/pascal and got 44kbytes/sec aggregate using nearly full 3090 processor (with ibm controller). I did the software changes to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between a Cray and 4341, got sustained channel speed throughput using only modest amount of 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed) ... in part using a non-IBM controller product.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

The VS/PASCAL version had none of the buffer length related exploits that have been epidemic in C-language implementations.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

Later the communication group hired a subcontractor to implement TCP/IP support in VTAM. He does a demo of the implementation. The communication group tells him that everybody knows that a correct TCP/IP performance is much slower than LU6.2 and we will only be paying for a correct implementation.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 11:15:03 -0700
"hanja" <hanja228@gmail.com> writes:
Hunter gatherers and primitive agriculture aren't nations, just tribes.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center

The Comanche Empire
http://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/
In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a Native American empire rose to dominate the fiercely contested lands of the American Southwest, the southern Great Plains, and northern Mexico. This powerful empire, built by the Comanche Indians, eclipsed its various European rivals in military prowess, political prestige, economic power, commercial reach, and cultural influence. Yet, until now, the Comanche empire has gone unrecognized in American history.

... snip ...

... describes very sophisticated nation that frequently was more capable than the spanish they were dealing with and later played off the spanish, French, and Americans. First they fell victim to diseases killing off large percentage of their population. In the later part of 1800s the US Army decided that they were no match for the warriors ... and Sheriden adopted Sherman's scortched earth policies (from civil war) ... raid their compounds, killing non-combatants and destroying sources of food, loc4695-99:
Short of troops and wary of open battles, the army set out to deprive the Comanches of shelter and sustenance by destroying their winter camps, food supplies, and horse herds. By the early 1870s this kind of total warfare against entire populations was an established practice in the U.S. Army. Sherman had pioneered it against the Confederacy in his "March to the Sea," and Sheridan had introduced a stripped-down version of it to the plains in his 1868-69 winter campaign against the Cheyennes.

... snip ...

While most accounts have Sherman destorying food sources and other infrastructure ... he tried to keep his forces from massacring woman and children .... while Sheriden's indian campaign was more like genocide.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 12:02:20 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic

The Comanche Empire
http://www.amazon.com/Comanche-Empire-Lamar-Western-History-ebook/dp/B001HZZ05C/

and

Generals South, Generals North: The Commanders of the Civil War Reconsidered
http://www.amazon.com/Generals-South-North-Commanders-Reconsidered-ebook/dp/B012A1WML6/

loc6085-88:
Despite the mixed results of his approach to cavalry and the moral ambiguity (in the Indian Wars verging on genocide) of his policy of waging war on civilians, it cannot be denied that Sheridan was a superb leader of troops, a fine tactician, and an aggressive fighter, who was especially effective in forcing Lee to surrender his Army of Northern Virginia in the closing weeks of the Civil War.

... snip ...

From the Rapidan to Richmond and the Spottsylvania Campaign (currently free ebook)
http://www.amazon.com/Richmond-Spottsylvania-Campaign-Personal-Narration-ebook/dp/B004TOSK3M/

pg131/loc2223-25:
The history of that war may be briefly, but accurately comprehended in this short statement. During the four years, ‘61 to ‘65, the North put into the field two million, eight hundred thousand (2,800,000) men. They were well armed, well equipped, and well fed also, it had a Navy.

pg131/loc2225-26:
During those four years, the South put into the field less than six hundred thousand (600,000) men. They were poorly armed, poorly equipped, and poorly fed much of the time, very poorly indeed! And it had no Navy.

pg131/loc2227-28:
It took those 2,800,000 men, with the Navy four years to overcome those 600,000 men. In doing so they lost the lives of one million (1,000,000) men nearly double the whole number of men the South put into the field.

... snip ...

The description of closing weeks of the Civil War ... has the Union sending wave after wave of soldiers to slaughter ... until the Confederacy is running out of everything, food, ammo, etc.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 13:12:46 -0700
Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:
Actually, there's a pretty good case that the guys who put the US Constitution together essentially hijacked the Declaration of Independence. The rights (inter alia) declared "self-evident" in the latter were far too liberal, failing, as they did, to give primacy to property. The Constitution fixed that for (white) men of property at the expense of "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness".

I'd have to dig for the serious academic references in my dead-tree library but I didn't just make that idea up on my own. Google might help.


recent "bill of rights" drafted, in large part to get whole thing ratified.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic

that was part of Fiske's argument (history lectures from the late 1800s, set of Fiske's books were awarded to my wife's father for some distinction at west point).

also

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920 (Richard Franklin, 1848-1926 Pettigrew) ... lots of formats, all free
https://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich
Amazon kindle version currently 99cents
http://www.amazon.com/Triumphant-plutocracy-story-American-public-ebook/dp/B00LPVCVNW/

loc2079-83:
Anyone who wishes to know the facts should examine the Journal of the Constitutional Convention. There the record is as plain as the road at noonday. The Constitution was not drawn up to safeguard liberty. Its framers had property rights in their minds' eye and property deeds in their pockets, and its most enthusiastic supporters were the leading bankers, manufacturers and traders of the Federated States. The Constitution was made to protect the rights of property and not the rights of man.

loc2086-92:
The convention that framed the Constitution of the United States convened at Philadelphia in 1787 behind closed doors. All of the delegates were sworn to secrecy. Madison reported the proceedings of the convention in longhand and his notes were purchased in 1837 by Congress and published by the Government nearly half a century after the convention had finished its work. These notes disclose the forces that dominated the work of the convention and show that the object which the leaders of the convention had in view was not to create a democracy or a government of the people, but to establish a government by the property classes in the interests of the rights of property rather than the rights of man. All through the debates ran one theme: How to secure a government, not by the people and for the people, but by the classes and for the classes, with the lawyers in control.

loc6501-11:
Two per cent of the people of the United States own sixty per cent of the property of the United States. Yet they produced none of it. By legislation, by craft and cunning, by control of Congress and the courts, they took to themselves what others produced. Sixty-six per cent of the people of the United States own five per cent of the property of the United States. Yet they produced all of the wealth and have none of it. Why do not the producers of this wealth have what they produce ? Because the making of the laws and the control of the courts is in the hands of those who do not work, and this has been true from the beginning of the Government. The convention which framed the Constitution of the United States was composed of fifty-five members. A majority were lawyers—not one farmer, mechanic or laborer. Forty owned Revolutionary Scrip. Fourteen were land speculators. Twenty-four were money-lenders. Eleven were merchants. Fifteen were slave-holders. They made a Constitution to protect the rights of property and not the rights of man, and, ever since, Congress has been controlled by the property owner, and has framed laws in their interests and their interests only, and always refused to frame any laws in the interest of those who produce all the wealth and have none of it.

... snip ...

related inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

(other) past posts mentioning Fiske:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#31 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#22 You can't do the math without the words
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#2 Did they apply Boyd's concepts?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#84 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#15 Imbecilic Constitution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#85 Naked emperors, holy cows and Libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#13 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#21 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#75 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#62 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?

(other) past posts mentioning Triumphant plutocracy:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#15 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#26 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#46 The China Threat: The MICC Pivots Obama Back to the Future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#82 What Makes Economic History Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#98 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#20 What Makes weapons control Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#80 The REAL Reason U.S. Targets Whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#20 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#93 Oligarchy Controls U.S. War-Making
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#37 Married Couples and the Financial Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#84 Support Senator Warren's Postal Banking Proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#39 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#55 US Entering New Era of Dirty Wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#104 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#64 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#29 the previous century, was channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 16:32:08 -0700
Mike Spencer <mds@bogus.nodomain.nowhere> writes:
Is that a Library of Congress reference of some kind? How do I interpret or access it?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#37 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#46 Qbasic

kindle ebook location reference ... from preceeding URL ... does reference "Journal of the Constitution Convention" ... google search does turn up library of congress reference
https://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwfr.html
and (277 documents)
https://www.loc.gov/collections/continental-congress-and-constitutional-convention-from-1774-to-1789/about-this-collection/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 17:45:24 -0700
JimP. <blue@cwahi.net> writes:
Some of my ancestors.

They came late to the show. Many were formerly Shoshoni who migrated southwards and took over vast regions of the Southwest. They forced the Lipan Apache out of what isn ow the Texas panhandle, particularly the Palo Duro Canyon. That canyon is where their horse herds were killed along with many women and children. Many died of starvation.

The book you could read is The 'Empire of the Summer Moon'. Doesn't mince details.

Quannah Parker rented tribal lands to white cattlemen in the late 1800s. I don't know if the tribe benefitted, but he did. The Comanche were subjected to the Carlyle Schools like many others. Beaten if they tried to keep their customs and language, just like the other Native Americans.

In the 20th Century the Comanche bands became the Comance Nation.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#14 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#44 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#45 Qbasic

The Rise And Fall Of The Comanche 'Empire'
http://www.npr.org/2011/05/20/136438816/the-rise-and-fall-of-the-comanche-empire

Comanche History
http://www.tolatsga.org/ComancheOne.html

split off from Eastern Shoshone
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Shoshone

The Comanche Empire loc2364-66:
Once a single people, Shoshones and Comanches had split in the late seventeenth century, when the former left the central plains and headed north and the latter moved toward the south. By i8oo, however, Shoshones had pulled back from the northern plains under the pressure from well-armed Blackfeet and Crows and crossed the Continental Divide to the mountain ranges of Montana and Wyoming.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Federal Debt

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Federal Debt
Date: 27 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
2002 congress let the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue, was on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report, 2003-2009 taxes were cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T budget gap compared to fiscal responsibility act. Since then the taxes haven't been restored and only few dents in the spending so interest on the debt is approaching half trillion. fiscal responsibility act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

2005, the US Comptroller General was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic for what they were doing to the budget.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

Some story was that Greespan didn't like the idea of eliminating the federal debt. The real bailout for the too big to fail was Federal Reserve providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds to too big to fail (Feds fought long hard legal battle trying to prevent making public what they were doing). Too big to fail have been turning around and using the ZIRP funds to buy treasuries (federal debt), clearing an avg. of $300B/annum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#greenspan
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

First major legislation after the fiscal responsibility act expires is Medicare Part-D in 2003. CBS 60mins does expose on 18republicans responsible for getting it passed. Just before final vote, they add one sentence that prevents competitive bidding and blocks CBO distributing report on the change. CBS finds that by six months later, all 18 have resigned and on drug industry payroll. CBS shows part-d drugs that are three times the price as identical drugs from VA (that allows competitive bidding). medicare part-d
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

US Comptroller General in speeches is claiming Part-D is enormous gift to the drug industry and comes to be a $40 TRILLION long term item, totally swamping all other budget items.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Iraqi WMDs

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Iraqi WMDs
Date: 27 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
Declassified CIA Document Reveals Iraq War Had Zero Justification
http://yournewswire.com/declassified-cia-document-reveals-iraq-war-had-zero-justification/
The CIA Just Declassified the Document That Supposedly Justified the Iraq Invasion
https://news.vice.com/article/the-cia-just-declassified-the-document-that-supposedly-justified-the-iraq-invasion

last decade, cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs had been decommissioned. She shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital
http://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014 (the decommission WMDs tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war, had been found a decade earlier, but the information was classified)
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and MIC wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (for purchase of modern US arms).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA
MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

then there is

White House Considers Declassifying 28 Pages on Alleged Saudi Government Role in 9/11
https://news.vice.com/article/white-house-considers-declassifying-28-pages-on-alleged-saudi-government-role-in-911

In 2002 the families of 9/11 victims were told that they couldn't sue Saudi Arabia for 9/11 responsibility.

Bush family ties to terror suspects re-opened by 9/11 '28 pages'
http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/world/bush-family-ties-to-terror-suspects-re-opened-by-9-11-28-pages/article/426577
9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html

past posts mentioning NYTimes series on finding the decommissioned WMDs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#21 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#0 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#37 C.I.A. Is Said to Have Bought and Destroyed Iraqi Chemical Weapons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#9 Why do we keep losing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#29 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95 ^A^K boy scouts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#34 43rd President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#1 Jeb: George W. Bush is a top foreign policy adviser
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#33 The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost before they began, not on the battlefields
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#60 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#79 New Smoking Gun: U.S. and UK KNEW Saddam Did NOT Possess WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#71 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#53 Trump Is Right, Bush Lied: A Little-Known Part of the Bogus Case for War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#40 Qbasic

other past posts mentioning suing Saudi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A call for revolution

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A call for revolution
Date: 27 Mar 2016
Blog: Slightly East of New
A call for revolution
https://slightlyeastofnew.com/2016/03/26/a-call-for-revolution/

also reposted to
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+LynnWheeler/posts/HL9CUUBwtsi

Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920 (former member of congress) ... lots of formats, all free
https://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich
Amazon kindle version currently 99cents
http://www.amazon.com/Triumphant-plutocracy-story-American-public-ebook/dp/B00LPVCVNW/
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

besides robber barons and oligarchy ... it also overlaps some of "War Is a Racket"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

There is Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into crash of '29) that resulted in criminal convictions and jail time
https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/title/87
also at wayback machine (scanned the fall 2008 at Boston Public Library)
http://archive.org/search.php?query=stock%20exchange%20practices%20AND%20collection%3Aamericana

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that maybe the new congress will have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2016 14:56:36 -0700
hancock4 writes:
However, we used to have policies in the past, such as securities and banking regulation, anti-trust laws, and a labor movement that prevented some of the extreme wealth concentration that happens so freely today.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#46 Qbasic

in similar discussion over in facebook, one of the ibm'ers displayed a chart of effective combined fed+state rate by percentile.

up through the 70 or 80 percentile, the combined effective tax rate (or gross income) for the groups are all around 20% (state taxes dominate for the lower tax brackets, but effectively works out to almost flat rate for those groups) ... however for the top .1% with the majority of the wealth ... the effective tax rate drops to 10% or so.

a lot of the political rhetoric on one side is about lowering the majority of the taxes ... but amounts to further decreasing the effective tax rates for the .1%. then there are the attacks on the side talking about increasing the percentage tax rate of the .1% up to the same level as everybody else ... characterized as taking from the rich and giving to the poor.

the charts for the last 30-40 years ... is the percentage of total taxes paid by corporations & business have significantly dropped ... as well as the effective tax rates for corporations and the top .1% of all dropped. that is just the legal legislation making tax avoidance much simpler ... like corporations shifting profits to subsidiaries in offshore tax havens. That is separate from too big to fail aiding the .1% with illegal tax evasion (separate from the significant upswing in tax avoidance). past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

with too big to fail in the middle of lots of activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

as well as loads of other illegal activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

graph for worker compensation increasing 47-79 tracking productivity and then goes flat 80-now ... even though productivity continue on the same trajectory
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html

that enormous gap 80-now corresponds with the growth in total wealth held by the top 1% ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

part of the discussion also posted over in facebook today

Too much of a good thing
http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21695385-profits-are-too-high-america-needs-giant-dose-competition-too-much-good-thing

But high profits across a whole economy can be a sign of sickness. They can signal the existence of firms more adept at siphoning wealth off than creating it afresh, such as those that exploit monopolies. If companies capture more profits than they can spend, it can lead to a shortfall of demand. This has been a pressing problem in America. It is not that firms are underinvesting by historical standards. Relative to assets, sales and GDP, the level of investment is pretty normal. But domestic cash flows are so high that they still have pots of cash left over after investment: about $800 billion a year.

... snip ...

That growing gap between productivity and flat worker compensation has also created these enormous profits.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 29 Mar 2016 11:01:21 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:

https://promarket.org/there-is-regulatory-capture-but-it-is-by-no-means-complete/

I don't consider myself an expert on the financial industry, but the fact that the financial industry is responsible for something like 30 percent of all profits seems rather remarkable. I am startled by the size of the financial industry and what it means. I can't believe this is really needed for the allocation of resources. A lot of it is going to be rent-seeking. It creates a diversion of resources, especially human capital, and not only does it create problems for the legitimacy of income distribution, but that also means resources diverted for this purpose [rent-seeking] can't be used elsewhere.


old post mentioning "rent-seeking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#13 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

Joe Stiglitz Blasts Our Wealthy-Coddling Tax System for Increasing the Returns on Rent-Seeking
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/joe-stiglitz-blasts-our-wealthy-coddling-tax-system-for-increasing-the-returns-on-rent-seeking.html
And then the good professor turns to corporate tax breaks, citing poster child GE, which has paid on average less than 2% of its income in taxes since 2002. The picture is likely even worse than these figures suggest since corporations and wealthy individuals can hide income tax havens.

... snip ...

tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax haven posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

and wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rent-seeking
The economist Joseph Stiglitz has argued that rent-seeking contributes significantly to income inequality in the United States through lobbying for government policies that let the wealthy and powerful get income, not as a reward for creating wealth, but by grabbing a larger share of the wealth that would otherwise have been produced without their effort.[28][29] Piketty, Saez, and Stantcheva have analyzed international economies and their changes in tax rates to conclude that much of income inequality is a result of rent-seeking among wealthy tax payers.[30]

... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

Also sometimes Wallstreet and Financial industry have been represented as beneficial parasites in symbiotic relationship with the US Economy host. However there is danger of the parasite getting greedy, going rogue and threatening to kill the host ... as described in the account of financial industry accounting for 30% of all profit (and accounts of how the Financial industry has "captured" their regulators)

However, there have similar accounts of other beneficial parasites in symbiotic relationship with the US Economy host, like Eisenhower's warning about the Military-Industrial(-Congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military-industrial-complex
similar accounts of Drug industry (Medicare Part-D coming to be long-term $40T item totally swamping all other budget items)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

as well as Healthcare Industry becoming dominate portion of GDP.

Interestingly, the Finance Industry apparently having gone rogue and looking around at their parasite competitors have taken to buying up some of their competitor parasites. This is seen in the articles about private-equity taking over MICC and beltway bandits, hospitals and public health firms, as well as drug firms ... in order to suck them dry. private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

reference to private-equity moving in on various government contractors (including Snowden's employer)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

past posts mentioning Private Equity forays into healthcare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#18 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#42 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#38 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#30 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#10 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#52 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#77 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#89 Obama-Bush Years Saw Employers Reduce Health Insurance Coverage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#93 Thanks Obama

regulatory capture posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#25 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#7 FDR explains one dimension of our problem: bankers own the government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#20 The Big Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#35 Adair Turner: A New Debt-Free Money Advocate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#25 Senator Sherrod Brown Drops a Bombshell in Mary Jo White's Hearing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#20 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#86 What Makes a thread about the European debt crisis Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#1 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#2 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#36 Fed proposes annual assessments for large financial companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#55 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#14 Barclays, Traders Fined $487.9 Million by U.S. Regulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#15 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#32 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#38 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#1 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#7 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#48 Ex-Wall Street chieftains living large in post-meltdown world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#52 Lehman Brothers collapse: was capitalism to blame?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#77 OCC Replies to Elizabeth Warren Reveal Extent of Regulatory Capture on Derivatives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#50 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#47 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#4 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#67 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#81 Stanford Law School Covers Up SEC's Andrew Bowden's Embarrassing Remarks by Deep-Sixing Conference Video
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#6 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#11 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#16 Retirement Heist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#18 SEC's Andrew Bowden Regulatory Capture Scandal Hits the Major Leagues with Los Angeles Times Column
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#41 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#24 Wall Street Bailouts Are Finally Over, Right?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#23 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#38 LIBOR: History's Largest Financial Crime that the WSJ and NYT Would Like You to Forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#16 There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#18 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#23 How Generation Y is paying the price for baby boomer pensions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why you might not be warned of an online security breach

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why you might not be warned of an online security breach
Date: 30 Mar 2016
Blog: Google+
Why you might not be warned of an online security breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Note that since then there have been numerous federal (preemption) bills (none yet passed) about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. legislation and those that effectively eliminate requirement for notification

posts mentioning electronic signature act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
Date: 30 Mar 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
note also LinkedIn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#33 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication

In the early part of the century, there was a major pilot deployment of the EU chip&pin solution in the US. However, this was during the Yes Card period. There is reference at the bottom on this Cartes2002 trip report (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine).
http://web.archive.org/web/20030417083810/http://www.smartcard.co.uk/resources/articles/cartes2002.html

In the wake of the Yes Card fiasco, all evidence of the large pilot disappeared, and there was speculation it would be a long time before it was tried in the US again. Part of the issue 1) even a pilot deployment in the US is more costly than full country production deployment in other places, 2) huge concern about the cost of possibly repeated multiple failed deployments, 3) let experiments with failing deployments be done in places where the failures would have much lower financial impact. Note I had warned the people doing the pilot about the cloning exploits ... but they were myopically focused on lost/stolen card they appeared to not understand. Yes Card posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#yescard

At 2003 "ATM Integrity Taskforce" meeting, a Federal LEO was describing the Yes Card issues ... during the presentation, somebody in the audience loadly exclaimed that they managed to spend billions of dollars to prove chips are less secure than magstripe.

Disclaimer: while the chip&pin design was going on in Europe, I designed a chip that had none of their vulnerabilities (also works for both POS and Internet). I facetiously said I was starting with $500 milspec part, aggressively cost reducing by 2-3 orders of magnitude while improving the integrity. I was then asked by the transportation industry, to make it work for transit turnstyle (work with contracless power and transaction in 1/10th of second) while not reducing the security (and even further reduction in cost). I was at panel discussion here in standing room only ballroom (21st National Information Systems Security Conference, 981007)
http://csrc.nist.gov/nissc/1998/index.html

Prototype was shown at the 1999 world-wide retail banking show (BAI) ... referenced here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224

The lead TD in the Information Assurance Directorate then asked me to give a talk on his panel in the Trusted Computing track at 2001 IDF, reference gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

More than you possibly ever want to know
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

<note in the linkedin discussion there was mention of a financial chip "gizmos" deployed in europe>

Other trivia: The company that did the chip used for the one-time token gizmos was south of Amsterdam, we met with their CEO there and then drove with him to EU FINREAD standards meeting in Brussels. Note FINREAD was one of the victims of the failure of institutional memory. old mention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#57

posts mentioning FINREAD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#finread

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer  Programming?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2016 10:08:33 -0700
Stephen Wolstenholme <steve@easynn.com> writes:
Multiprocessor mainframes where around when I was a computer engineer in the 1970s. The number of processors didn't make any difference to most programs. It was left up to the low levels of the operating system to decide which thread ran on which processors. On Windows SetThreadIdealProcessor is the key. I can't remember if UNIX has anything similar .

I've commented before about charlie invented compare&swap (chosen because CAS are his initials) while doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking working on CP67 at the science center.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

then we attempted to get it added to 370 architecture. initially was rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating system people said that test&set was more than adequate for multiprocessor support (serializing critical code sections). The 370 architecture owners said that to get it justified would require additional uses, not just multiprocessor serialization. Thus was invented the multiprogramming/multithreading examples (used whether or not running on multiprocessor machine) that still are shown in the principles of operation.

This was especially leveraged by large multithreading DBMS avoiding needing to make kernel calls for lots of serialization ... and by the 80s lots of other platforms (especially those supporting high-throughput DBMS) were including compare&swap (or instructions with similar semantics).

Since then there has been quite a bit about holy grail in programming to provide paradigm easily supporting multiple concurrent operations ... instead of sequential, serial, step-by-step operation.

Old posts repeating story of Gates ordering Intel to keep producing faster&faster single processor/core chips ... because multi-core software programming was too hard. Gelsinger tells Gates that it wasn't going to work that way:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#78 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#2 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#42 Panic in Multicore Land
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#15 Why do people say "the soda loop is often depicted as a simple loop"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#44 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#48 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#85 Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#118 By the time we get to 'O' in OODA

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
Date: 31 Mar 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#33 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#55 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication

I had HSDT project with T1 & faster speed links, starting in the early 80s,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

had been working with director of NSF and were suppose to get $20M to interconnect all the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually an RFP is released (largely based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevented us from bidding. The nsf director writes the company a letter copying the CEO (with support from NSA chief scientist and former IBM chief scientist) but that just makes the internal politics worse. As the regional networks connects into the centers it morphs into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

All the links on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) had to be encrypted. We had some interesting times for links that cross various national boundaries. Also for HSDT, T1 link encryptors were really expensive and almost impossible to get get encryptors for faster speed links. I got involved doing link encryptor that had objective would cost less than $100 to make and support up to 3mbytes/sec (and also do reed-solomon FEC).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

I got banged by the corporate crypto people that it significantly weakened industry standard encryption. It took me three months to figure out how to explain to them what was happening (it was significantly stronger than industry standard encryption), however it was hollow victory; I then got told that I could make as many as I wanted, but there was only one user in the world and they would all have to be sent to address in Maryland. It was when I realized that there are three kinds of encryption in the world, 1) they don't care about, 2) you can't do, 3) you can only do for them.

I side-stepped that issue doing the (later) crypto chip ... turns out it only did authentication and no encryption ... also financial standard that only required authentication (didn't require encryption to preserve the integrity of the transaction or financial institutions). I was also rep to the "Key Escrow" meetings and established that it was violation of security to require escrow of authentication keys. The gov. complained that people could cheat and use authentication keys for encryption. That was one of the last meetings. I got the idea that it was real problem for the agency, they really, really liked the idea of authentication only (no encryption) ... but my impression was that it really upset them that it didn't require PKI digital certificates.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

trivia: in the mid-80s, the leading hardware crypto company claimed that the IBM internal network had more than half of all link encryptors in the world

past posts mentioning 3kinds encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#48 Data Center Theft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2016 12:33:05 -0700
"764hho" <764hho@nospam.com> writes:
That is one of the reasons that Apple Pay has been slow to take off outside the US, you lot get slugged very high transaction fees on your card transactions and we don't. Apple was not initially prepared to allow our much lower transaction fees, normally paid by the merchant, not by the card holder.

a little history on some of this in linkedin thread
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/institutional-memory-two-factor-authentication-lynn-wheeler

in the wake of chips aren't practical in the consumer market (discussed in the above) ... there were a number of "safe credit&debit" products created as alternative to chip-based for the internet market around the start of the century.

initially they had high acceptance from the large internet merchants that account for possibly 80% of internet financial transactions. For internet merchants they were expecting an enormous reduction in interchange fees that they were paying on transactions (for decades merchants have been indoctrinated that interchange fees are heavily prorated by associated fraud rate for type of transaction ... with internet falling into the highest category). "Safe" products could eliminate almost all kinds of current fraud resulting in possible 90% reduction in fees.

Then came the cognitive dissonance, instead of a 90% reduction in fees, the financial institutions decided that there would effectively be a surcharge on top of the highest rate they were already paying and the whole thing fall apart.

a couple years later there was article explaining the situation ... in EU financial instituations these fees accounted for less than 10% of their bottom line ... but 40-60% of the bottom line for US institutions .... a 1/3rd (or more hit) to their bottom line was serious matter.

Currently the is analysis that too big to fail are using large part of the ZIRP funds from the federal reserve to buy treasuries clearing something like $300B/annum. However too big to fail apparently are also using a significant amount (behind the scenes) to underwrite "payday lenders" which are able to effectively clear significant more than usury laws allow.

too big to fail posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

recent article Payday Lenders
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/debbie-wasserman-schultz-payday-lenders_us_56e1a9d6e4b065e2e3d50764

a couple past posts mentioning payday lenders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#19 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#37 Sale receipt--obligatory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer  Programming?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2016 12:42:45 -0700
pechter@pechter.net (William Pechter) writes:
SMP Vaxes were announced in the 1986 timeframe (according to Wikipedia) and so they had to be available in the 1988 timeframe... so by 25 years ago these things were easily available to businesses.

post with some SMP VAX announce ... and analysis for VMS transition from master/slave implementation to symmetrical support, 8March88, 8800 series symmetric
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#46 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?

old posts with decade of vax sales, sliced & diced by model, year, us/non-US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0 Computers in Science Fiction

vax and IBM 4300 sold into the same mid-range market and in similar numbers ... excepting the large corporate multi-hundred 4300 orders.

as seen in the vax nos, by the mid-80s, the mid-range market was starting to move to workstations and large PCs (4300s saw similar effect).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer  Programming?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2016 12:51:05 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Old posts repeating story of Gates ordering Intel to keep producing faster&faster single processor/core chips ... because multi-core software programming was too hard. Gelsinger tells Gates that it wasn't going to work that way:

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#56 Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?

Intel's Broadwell Xeon E5-2600 v4 chips: So what's in it for you, smartie-pants coders; New instructions, transactions, virtualization features and more
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/31/intel_broadwell_ep_xeon_e5_2600_v4/

e5-2600 is two socket ... so 22cores/socket is 44core and 88 thread SMP

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
Date: 31 Mar 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?

Similar discussion going on over in the ibm-main mailing list (originated on the corporate sponsored university BITNET in the 80s) ... public archives here at google groups:
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/0KPk-5l_RFY

I have long-winded post ,,, at the moment most recent at bottom (10:33am 20mar2016)
https://groups.google.com/d/msg/bit.listserv.ibm-main/0KPk-5l_RFY/7ruU3syGDQAJ

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#22 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#28 CeBIT and mainframes

Trivia: One of the primary architects behind Itanium was at IBM in the 60s&70s, was responsible for dual-address retrofit to 3033 and heavily involved in risc/801 Iliad efforts ... but then left in the early 80s. AMD introduced 64bit I86 upward migrate as alternative to Itanium. When most of the market went with AMDs solution (rather than Itanium), Intel pretty much adopted the AMD 64bit solution ... and moved the industrial strength "enterprise" features from Itanium into their server-line of i86 processors.

The late 70s IBMs risc/801 Iliad efforts were to converge the large variety of internal cisc microprocessors to risc/801, 4331/4341 followon (4361/4381), s38 followon (as/400), lots of controllers, etc. For various reasons the risc/801 Iliad efforts at the time failed ... and there was continuation of cisc efforts (note as/400 did finally move to risc/801, but a decade later).

Note current chips contain billions of transistors ... think of design of chip like program with billions of instructions. chip manufacturing is setup for doing millions of chips at a time. If you can use an existing chip or do a chip that has minimum of modifications to existing chips ... there is enormous savings in time and expense

I worked with Jim Gray at SJR. He then left and went to Tandem. At tandem he was responsible for industry standard DBMS benchmarking (TPC.ORG). He also did industry studies of availability ... overview of study from 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/grayft84.pdf

Study found that by that time, hardware had gotten so reliable that major outages were software, people mistakes, and environmental (power outages, floods, etc).

Last product we did before leaving IBM was HA/CMP ... high availability using IBM commodity systems. When I was out marketing I coined the terms disaster survivability and geographic survivability. I was then asked to write a section for the corporate strategic continuous availability document ... but it got pulled when POK (mainframe) complained that they couldn't meet the requirements. The mainframe DB2 group was complaining that I was at least 5yrs ahead of them (I was showing 5-nines availability w/o much effort).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

Trivia: at IBM in late 80s & early 90s we participated in standards for fibre-channel (what FICON is layered on) and SCI. Several companies did SMP scaleup using SCI, sequent, convex, SGI, DG, etc. After leaving IBM we did some work with Convex (related to Exemplar) and SGI (the IBM exec we reported to when we were doing HA/CMP was hired to be president of MIPS). After HP bought Convex ... HP also hired one of the other people from IBM RS/6000 to run SuperDome (sort of positioned as more cost effective Exemplar) ... and we had several meetings with him trying to get us to join the group. Note at '91 ACM SIGOPS, Jim Gray and I got into dustup over doing high-availability on commodity hardware for DBMS (he was at Tandem/DEC) ... six years later he is at Microsoft and had to get up on stage with their CEO pushing high availability on commodity hardware.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

Disclaimer: 1980 I was asked to do the support for channel extender for STL (now IBM Silicon Valley Lab), they were moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. with access back to the STL datacenter; they had tried remote 3270 but found the human factors intolerable. The channel extender support put channel attached 3270 controllers out at the offsite bldg ... and resulted in response indistinguishable from channel attach 3270 controllers within the STL bldg. The vendor they tried to get approval from IBM to release the support, but there was a group in POK that was playing with some serial stuff and they got it blocked because they were afraid it might interfere with getting their stuff released.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

Then some POK channel engineers get involved in fibre-channel and defined a protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput that is finally released as FICON. Last peak I/O benchmark I've seen published is for z196 which got 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 fibre-channel). At about the same time, there was fibre-channel announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS, two such fibre-channel have greater throughput than 104 FICON. Also all SAPs run 100% busy getting 2.2M SSCH/sec, but recommends to keep SAPs to 75% busy or 1.5M SSCH/sec. About the same time they mention that zHPF/TCW work (which has a little of the stuff that I did in 1980) improves FICON throughput by about 30% (possibly 2.6M IOPS on 104 FICON or 25K IOPS/FICON compared to over million native).

z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012


about same time as z196 is e5-2600V1 blade at 400-500+BIPS depending on model. Current is e5-2600V4 blade claiming 3-4 times V1 or about 1.5TIPS (1500BIPS).

z13 published refs is 30% move throughput than EC12 (or about 100BIPS) with 40% more processors ... or about 710MIPS/proc. z13 with 320 FICON would only increase z196 peak I/O 104 FICON by about factor of three (6M IOPS?, zHPF/TCW 7.8M IOPS). The equivalent would then be six native fibre-channel on e5-2600v4 blade.

Intel tick-tock
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Tick-Tock

e5-2600v1 was 32nm chip technology, same as z196&ec12

e5-2600v4 is 14nm chip technology "tick"/broadwell
http://www.itworld.com/article/2985214/hardware/intels-xeon-roadmap-for-2016-leaks.html

moving to "tock"/skylake

with PCIe solid state disks (some nearly 1M IOPS/drive)
http://www.fastestssd.com/featured/ssd-rankings-the-fastest-solid-state-drives/#pcie

and coming up next year:
http://www.kitguru.net/components/graphic-cards/anton-shilov/pci-express-4-0-with-16gts-data-rates-and-new-connector-to-be-finalized-by-2017/?PageSpeed=noscript

16GT/s base transfer rate will allow PCI Express 4.0 x1 interconnection to transfer up to 2GB of data per second, whereas the PCIe 4.0 x16 slots used for graphics cards and ultra-high-end solid-state drives will provide up to 32GB/s of bandwidth. Higher transfer rates will also let mobile devices to save power since it will take less time to transfer data.

Max configured mainframes have been running around $30M ... or $300,000-$600,000 per BIPS. Before IBM unloaded its commodity server business it had e5-2600v1 blade base list price of $1815 ... $3.50-$4.00/BIPS. Cloud megadatacenters for over a decade, have been claiming they assemble their own systems for 1/3rd the price of brand name servers (possible motivation for IBM to unload its business) or nearly $1/BIPS (compared to mainframe $300,000-$600,000/BIPS). IBM also listed high-density serever rack with something like 64 blades/rack ... base list for 64blades pushing $120K, but cloud doing their own $40K. A single cloud megadatacenter has hundreds of thousands of server blades and millions of processors (more processing than all mainframes in existence)

TYPO, In 1988, I'm asked to help standardize some serial stuff that LLNL was playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard ... one of the issues is that protocol latency effects increases with increase in bandwidth ... so that it becomes apparent at relatively short distances. One of the features with the 1980 work is that it localized the enormous IBM channel protocol latency at the offsite bldg and then used much more efficient protocol the longer distance. For fibre channel used the much more efficient protocol for everything. The POK people finally get their stuff released in *1990* as ESCON, when it is already obsolete.

We were working on cluster scaleup for HA/CMP ... both for commercial with RDBMS vendors and science/technical with national labs (including LLNL). Old reference to meeting in Ellison conference room Jan1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Within a few weeks, the cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (motivating us to decide to leave). 17Feb1992, announced for scientific and technical *ONLY*
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
11May1992, IBM "surprised" by national lab interest in cluster scale(?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2
old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
Mainframe DB2 had been complaining if I was allowed to proceed, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of what they were doing.

IBM seems to do a lot of FUD/marketing around mainframe. I like to see hard data. They use to be TPC numbers for mainframe ... and there still are IBM TPC numbers for non-mainframes ... but there have been a very long time since TPC numbers for mainframe ... just a lot of hand waving. The published peak I/O benchmarks for z196 have been the most recent published numbers I seen that looks like hard data.

IBM systems mag article from last decade, although they slightly garbled some stuff
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History

1979, I was con'ed into doing 4341 benchmarks for LLNL which was looking at getting 70 for (cluster) compute farm (sort of the leading edge of the coming supercomputer & cloud dataprocessing paradigm, tens of thousands of 4341s were then going out into departmental areas, sort of leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami). I had 4341 side-by-side with 3033 ... so did detailed comparisons. Because I was doing detailed side-by-side equivalent comparison ... POK couldn't say that the numbers were wrong, so they eventually fell back to saying I was anti-POK.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

Traditionally TPC has been for comparing vendor products (where there is some cost associated with certified results). Cloud assembling their own systems ... and open-source "free" software products ... has significantly commoditized the market (increasingly marginalizing vendors). TPC can certify results but is not funded to do their own independent benchmarks (not underwriters labortories for safety).

That is one reason that the large cloud megadatacenters are both commodity hardware *AND* linux (or some variation). The other reason for some variation of linux was that they were making huge number of changes to make it more efficient in their environment. This had actually started with supercomputer/GRID computing which predate the large cloud operations ... doing their own megadatacenters with increasingly commodity parts and needed to extensively modify the original source (sort of takes us back to the virtual machine CP67 and VM370 customer culture in the 60s & 70s)

latest E5-2600V4 ... two socket, 22cores/socket-chip, 44cores total, 88 thread SMP
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/03/31/intel_broadwell_ep_xeon_e5_2600_v4/

which seems to be commodity part for many large cloud operations. there is E7-4800 blades which have four sockets and even some E7-8800 eight socket ... but they to show up more in specific vendor server products (as opposed to large cloud megadatacenters) --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 01 Apr 2016 10:24:55 -0700
Stan Barr <plan.b@bluesomatic.org> writes:
I would prefer Modula-2, I did a lot of stuff in FST Modula back in the MSDOS days. Sort of Pascal redone right(er) Oberon is worh a look too, it follows on from Modula.

from long ago and far away

Date: 10/11/83 19:30:53
From: wheeler

i'm going to order a copy of PC MODULA2 compilers from LOGITECH ...



Date: 02/07/84 08:52:10
From: wheeler

3 copies of modula2 showed up today ... but they are not the new improved release 1.0 version.



Date: 04/16/84 09:06:36
From: wheeler

got three release 1 modula2 upgrades today


... snip ... top of post, old email index

Took me four months to get the order and another two months to get the release one upgrade. However, modula2 compiler performance compared poorly with turbo pascal, modula2 5line example program, took 3mins to compile and one min to link.

Fall of 1983, palo alto science center published comparison for moudla2 and pascal/vs (which had a lot of enhancements not found in base pascal). A big difference was modula2 "PROCESS", "NEWPROCESS" and "TRANSFER" (for multiprogramming/multithreading). However, they did pascal/vs library implementation of the features and used them to implement moudla2 example programs.

The original mainframe pascal (that became pascal/vs) was done by the los gatos vlsi tools group using metaware's TWS (later pascal/vs was made available on both mainframe and rs/6000). There was also some effort looking at using metaware's TWS to implement modula2 front-end for the pascal/vs backend code generator.

from long ago and far away


#***********************************************************#
#                                                           #
#                       TM                                  #
#               MetaWare   TWS User's Manual                #
#                                                           #
#               A Translator Writing System                 #
#                      based  on  the                       #
#                   LR Parsing Technique                    #
#                                                           #
#               (C) Copyright  1979, 80, 81                 #
#                   Franklin L.  DeRemer                    #
#                   Thomas  J.  Pennello                    #
#                   Santa Cruz, CA 95060                    #
#                                                           #
#                                                           #
#***********************************************************#



past posts mentioning metaware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#66 Mainframe Spreadsheets - 1980's History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#19 Beyond 8+3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003h.html#52 Question about Unix "heritage"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#71 What terminology reflects the "first" computer language ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#42 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#30 First single chip 32-bit microprocessor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#35 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#38 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#39 CAS and LL/SC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#61 will there every be another commerically signficant new ISA?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005b.html#14 something like a CTC on a PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#0 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#1 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#33 Power5 and Cell, new issue of IBM Journal of R&D
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#8 Free to good home: IBM RT UNIX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#14 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#77 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#11 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of ?patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#36 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#11 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#29 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#28 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#54 PL/I vs. Pascal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#69 Making Z/OS easier - Effectively replacing JCL with Unix like commands
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#32 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#89 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#21 The simplest High Level Language
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#59 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#36 Quote on Slashdot.org
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#51 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#52 [Poll] Computing favorities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Which Books Can You Recommend For Learning Computer Programming?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 01 Apr 2016 21:25:02 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
I don't know anything about APL (other than that it led to weird keyboards), but does that imply that the array must fit into memory?

cambridge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

ported apl\360 to cp67/cms for cms\apl. As part of cms\apl, on of the things done was api to system services like file i/o ... so it could handle real-world applications ... like larger than workspace size ... typically 16kbytes for apl\360.

Another thing that had to be done was rework garbage collection. APL\360 started out with all space compacted at one end of workspace ...and then every assignment allocated new location ... until it reached the other end of workspace ... in which it did garbage collected. Wasn't big deal for apl\360 workspace which were swapped as single piece of storage. Moving to cp67/cms with workspace in demand paged virtual memory, this could mean rapidly touching 16mbytes and then compacting/garbage collection ... which resulted in lots of page thrashing. garbage collection got tuned to be triggered before touching excessive amount of workspace.

The APL forces criticized science center for corrupting the purity of APL with the way the system services API was implemented. Eventually they come up with "shared variables" semantics as mechanism for accessing system services (replacing the original cms\apl implementation)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shared_Variables

this then shows up in apl\cms that was done for vm370/cms.

past posts mentioning apl &/or HONE (worldwide online sales&marketing system that had majority of applications implemented in apl ... originally cp67/cms cms\apl ... and then moved to vm370/cms and apl\cms).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Isolationism and War Profiteering

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Isolationism and War Profiteering
Date: 27 Mar 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10208230244969436

year ago reference:
https://plus.google.com/+LynnWheeler/posts/38836CbWkfm
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10205492099837519

The neutrality acts leading up to WW2 were pushed by members of congress that claimed it was to counteract the enormous war profiteering that they saw in WW1. Industrialists respun it for the public as isolationism.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become 'river of blood,' other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

Also, John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding Germany's economy and military during 20s&30s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

and

perpetual war posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

And from the law of unintended consequences, for the 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program of Germany, they needed military and industrial target locations, they got coordinates and detailed plans from wallstreet.

past posts referencing "Battle of Bretton Woods"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)

past "strategic bombing program" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

A call for revolution

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: A call for revolution
Date: 02 Apr 2016
Blog: Slightly East of New
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#51 A call for revolution

"There Is Regulatory Capture, But It Is By No Means Complete"
https://promarket.org/there-is-regulatory-capture-but-it-is-by-no-means-complete/
I don't consider myself an expert on the financial industry, but the fact that the financial industry is responsible for something like 30 percent of all profits seems rather remarkable. I am startled by the size of the financial industry and what it means. I can't believe this is really needed for the allocation of resources. A lot of it is going to be rent-seeking. It creates a diversion of resources, especially human capital, and not only does it create problems for the legitimacy of income distribution, but that also means resources diverted for this purpose [rent-seeking] can't be used elsewhere.

... snip ...

Joe Stiglitz Blasts Our Wealthy-Coddling Tax System for Increasing the Returns on Rent-Seeking
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/04/joe-stiglitz-blasts-our-wealthy-coddling-tax-system-for-increasing-the-returns-on-rent-seeking.html
And then the good professor turns to corporate tax breaks, citing poster child GE, which has paid on average less than 2% of its income in taxes since 2002. The picture is likely even worse than these figures suggest since corporations and wealthy individuals can hide income tax havens.

... snip ...

and wiki
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rent-seeking
The economist Joseph Stiglitz has argued that rent-seeking contributes significantly to income inequality in the United States through lobbying for government policies that let the wealthy and powerful get income, not as a reward for creating wealth, but by grabbing a larger share of the wealth that would otherwise have been produced without their effort.[28][29] Piketty, Saez, and Stantcheva have analyzed international economies and their changes in tax rates to conclude that much of income inequality is a result of rent-seeking among wealthy tax payers.[30]

... snip ...

Also sometimes Wallstreet and Financial industry have been represented as beneficial parasites in symbiotic relationship with the US Economy host. However there is danger of the parasite getting greedy, going rogue and threatening to kill the host ... as described in the account of financial industry accounting for 30% of all profit (and accounts of how the Financial industry has "captured" their regulators)

However, there have similar accounts of other beneficial parasites in symbiotic relationship with the US Economy host, like Eisenhower's warning about the Military-Industrial(-Congressional) complex Similar accounts of Drug industry (Medicare Part-D coming to be long-term $40T item totally swamping all other budget items) as well as Healthcare Industry becoming dominate portion of GDP.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

Interestingly, the Finance Industry apparently having gone rogue and looking around at their competitors have taken to buying up some of their competitor parasites. This is seen in the articles about private-equity taking over MICC and beltway bandits, hospitals and public health firms, as well as drug firms ... in order to suck them dry.

reference to private-equity moving in on various government contractors (including Snowden's employer)
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

success.of.failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
private-equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

loc11313-16:
Yet the stunningly aggressive manner in which KKR and Bain have literally plundered cash from HCA since the mega-buyout implies just the opposite. After loading HCA with $28 billion of debt to fund the original buyout, KKR and Bain have since extracted dividends and stock buybacks amounting to another $7 billion. These massive payouts to the sponsors have absorbed every dime of available cash and borrowing capacity at HCA.

loc11365-69:
THE HCA PRIVATE EQUITY PLUNDER: STATE POLICY RUN AMOK At the end of the day, the circumstances of the $33 billion HCA buyout are a screaming indictment of current policies of the state. HCA is the nation's largest hospital chain, but it thrives only by dint of the $15 billion it collects each year from Medicaid and Medicare. These revenues are vastly inflated compared to what HCA would obtain if it had to compete for patient dollars in an honest consumer-driven market.

loc11398-401:
The estimate at the time was that this sweeping change in the Medicare reimbursement regime could have reduced its hospital payments by 30 percent and would have struck a mortal blow at high-cost general hospital chains like HCA. Stated differently, much of the inflated EBITDA which was absorbing HCA's $2.0 billion annual interest bill would have been clawed back to the benefit of taxpayers.

... snip ...

Securitized Mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (posterchild were office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Worth that turned out to be empty lots). Late 90s I was asked to try and help prevent coming economic crisis by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. However, the sellers discovered that they could pay the rating agencies for triple-A rating (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A from Oct2008 congressional hearings into the major role that rating agencies played in the economic mess). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents and they could start selling no-document, liar loans. The triple-A rating largely responsible for moving mortgages out of traditional market and into the bond market, allowing them to sell to operations restricted to only safe investments, like large private & public pension funds (claim responsible for 30% hit to the funds and trillions in pension shortfall), largely response for over $27T done 2001-2008 (where they skimmed possibly $4T-$5T).

Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Claims are that the financial industry tripled in size (as percent of GDP) during the economic mess, also the NY state comptroller reported that the aggregate wallstreet bonuses quadrupled in size during the same period. The reward for fraudulent activity was so enormous that it easily overcame any concern that they might have had about the effect it would have on their firm, the economy, or the country. The S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with jailtime). The economic mess was 70 times larger than the S&L crisis and there have been *NO* criminal referrals or convictions (proportionally there should be 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime).

VP (and former director of CIA) claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and Jeb during S&L crisis
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
who then: Lehman's Gift To Jeb Bush For Funneling Pension Money: A $1.3 Million Consulting "Job"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/lehmans-gift-jeb-bush-funneling-pension-money-13-million-consulting-job

and another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis

Triva: when investors started to realize that "triple-A" ratings were for sale and rating agencies might not be trusted, the muni-bond market froze. Then Warren Buffett steps in and starts offering muni-bond insurance to unfreeze the market.

Fraud Key Profit Center For Wall Street-William Black
http://usawatchdog.com/fraud-key-profit-center-for-wall-street-william-black/
Why have a totally fraudulent financial system? Dr. Black, who is an expert in white-collar crime, says, "It's hard to make money with competition. It's really hard. People who have never been in business don't understand how hard real competition is. Real competition makes it hard to prosper, but if you rig the system, it makes it easy. The reward for rigging is phenomenal. We are talking every year, hundreds of billions of dollars in bonus compensation. It's far more than their straight salaries, and it is going to folks that it wouldn't go to them if they didn't rig the system. And, no one is prosecuted. They don't even give back the fraud proceeds, even when they catch them red-handed."

... snip ...

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Note Black was the regulator
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
that got Keating in the S&L crisis,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Keating
along the way, Keating sic'ed the "Keating Five" to try and take out Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keating_Five

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Iceberg of Ignorance

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Iceberg of Ignorance
Date: 02 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
Recently seen on Linkedin, goes along with Boyd's references to pushing decisions to the lowest level possible

The Iceberg of Ignorance
http://bobbyalbert.com/iceberg-of-ignorance/

Also in Organic Design for Command and Control briefings he would comment that former WW2 military officers were beginning to contaminate US corporate culture. That at entry to WW2, US was to deploy large numbers with little or no experience ... and to leverage the few skilled resources, it created a rigid, top-down, command&control structure ... effectively assuming that only the people at the very top knew what they were doing.

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other reference: Iceberg of Ignorance' leads to chilly service
http://www.hospitalityexcellence.com/iceberg-of-ignorance-leads-to-chilly-service/
Iceberg of Ignorance - Are You Aware of All Your Small Business Problems?
http://www.socialmediatoday.com/content/iceberg-ignorance-are-you-aware-all-your-small-business-problems
The Iceberg of Ignorance Revisited
http://www.thinkwaystrategies.com/iceberg-ignorance-revisited

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

We Must Stop The Race to Attribution After Each Cyberattack

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: We Must Stop The Race to Attribution After Each Cyberattack
Date: 03 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
We Must Stop The Race to Attribution After Each Cyberattack
http://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/04/03/the-race-to-cyberattack-attribution-95538/

We were tangentially involved in the original (i.e. cal. state) data breach notification act. We had been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act and several of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues. They had done detailed public privacy surveys and found the #1 issue was fraudulent financial transactions as the result of data breaches ... where little or nothing was being done. An issue is that normally entities take security measures in self-protection and the institutions weren't at risk from the breaches, it was their customers. It was hoped that the publicity from the breaches would motivate corrective action.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

Long ago and far away, there was intellectual theft at silicon valley company and the company was suing for billions of dollars in damages. The judge ruled that the company had to demonstrate that it took security measures proportional to the claimed value (sort of like swimming pool liability if not properly fenced). The problem with most of the breaches is it the value to the institution or the value to the public at risk.

Note that since then there have been numerous federal (preemption) bills (none yet passed) about evenly divided between those similar to the cal. legislation and those that effectively eliminate requirement for notification

posts mentioning electronic signature act
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature

In the case of current credit card transaction paradigm, the value of the data to the merchant is the profit from the transaction, which can be a couple dollars (and the value to transaction processor can be a couple cents). However, the value to the crooks is the credit limit for the account (a couple hundred to several thousand dollars for each account). As a result, the crooks may be able to outspend attacking than the institutions can afford to spend defending (security proportional to risk). Disclaimer: In the mid-90s the X9A10 financial transaction standard working group was given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial industry for *ALL* retail payments. We didn't do anything to prevent breaches, what we did was slightly tweak the existing paradigm, eliminating the value of the data to the crooks (and risk to consumers), eliminating the motivation for those breaches.

X9.59 standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Apr 2016 10:52:37 -0700
"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
In other words, Nixon pulled defeat out of the jaws of victory. It's kind of like beating the crap out of the school bully, then giving him your lunch money.

However garrisoning an occupied state is a different task from conquering it in the first place, and that is the thing that the US is still having trouble with.


remember it was Nixon that committed treason by convincing North Vietnam to skip paris peace talks until after presidential elections. Nixon wasn't in the war to win ... he was totally focused on winning american votes (he couldn't have the party of the existing president taking credit for ending the war).

George Will Confirms Nixon's Vietnam Treason
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/08/12/george-will-confirms-nixons-vietnam-treason
Nixon betrayal far worse than GOP Iran letter; Republican nominee sabotaged Vietnam peace talks before he was elected president.
http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/10/senators-letter-doesnt-rise-to-nixons-level/24695093/
The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21768668
How Richard Nixon Sabotaged 1968 Vietnam Peace Talks to Get Elected President
http://www.truth-out.org/progressivepicks/item/13994-how-richard-nixon-sabotaged-1968-vietnam-peace-talks-to-get-elected-president

and recent reference to more Nixon illegal activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#39 Qbasic

slightly related
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#27 Qbasic

where Presidential Records Act of 1978 was passed in the wake of the Nixon fraud and scandals requiring release of presidential records no later than 12yrs after leaving office.

The presidential records from the 80s were due to release in early part of this century (including things like Iran-Contra). However the president signed executive order keeping them classified (which would have included activity of his father who was VP at the time).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 03 Apr 2016 11:14:29 -0700
mausg writes:
Russia is a demo-cracy. Putin wonthe election by a big margin, as even his enemies concede. China is a socialist democracy. There are many definitions of democracy. (Without supporting him, or his (varying) policies, I am still amazed how the poltical establishments hate Trump)

part of the issue was what the US was doing to Russia at the time ... very much along the lines of economic hitman
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-Man-ebook/dp/B001AFF266
and
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/35192-dogmas-of-our-economic-system-must-change-says-former-economic-hit-man

who was in Boston, and then across the river over in Cambridge: Is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin?: John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
? Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

Now members of "team b" back in the 70s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
were around later for lots more activity including supplying Iraq with WMDs in the Iran/Iraq war and the Iran-Contra affair

The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/jeb-bush-adviser-paul-wolfowitz

a "Team B" member
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz
He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork."

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Then leaves to be head of World Bank, major player in economic hitman.
http://www.spiegel.de/international/world-bank-scandal-paul-wolfowitz-s-fatal-weakness-a-482945.html

Another player in economic hitman has hdqtrs across the street from World Bank
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-02/wikileaks-reveals-imf-plan-cause-credit-event-greece-and-destabilize-europe
http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2016/04/wikileaks_imf_deliberately_causing_debt_crisis_in_greece.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Microprocessor Optimization Primer

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Microprocessor Optimization Primer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 4 Apr 2016 03:47:21 -0700
note that test&set was on both 360/67 and 360/65 machines and was atomic.

I've commented before about charlie invented compare&swap (chosen because CAS are his initials) while doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking working on CP67 (360/67 precursor to vm370) at the science center.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

then we attempted to get it added to 370 architecture. initially was rebuffed because the POK favorite son operating system people said that test&set was more than adequate for multiprocessor support (serializing critical code sections). The 370 architecture owners said that to get it justified would require additional uses, not just multiprocessor serialization. Thus was invented the multiprogramming/multithreading examples (used whether or not running on multiprocessor machine) that still are shown in the principles of operation.

The problem in a multithreaded application is it is enabled for interrupts and can loose control in a locked/critical section. Compare&Swap is used for doing an atomic operation directly not needing to lock a critical section.

This was especially leveraged by large multiprogramming/multithreading DBMS avoiding needing to make kernel calls for lots of serialization ... and by the 80s lots of other platforms (especially those supporting high-throughput DBMS) were including compare&swap (or instructions with similar semantics).

I first saw transactional memory on 801/risc in the late 70s. They demonstrated that they could do transactional type operations on applications that weren't originally coded for transactions.

801/risc ROMP (research/office products) that started out going to be a displaywriter followon. When the displaywriter followon was canceled, they looked around and decided to retarget it to the workstation market. They hired the company that had done the UNIX port to IBM/PC for PC/IX to do one for romp. This was eventually released as PC/RT and AIX.

The followon to ROMP was RIOS (rs/6000) and they used the transactional memory to implement JFS ... journalling the UNIX filesystem metadata changes ... with a claim that it was more efficient that directly implementing journalling calls in the filesystem.

However, Palo Alto then did a portable JFS that used explicit journaling calls ... and demonstrated on RS/6000 that it was much faster than the transaction memory implemention.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Note that s/370 had very strong (multiprocessor) memory consistency and cost huge amount in performance. Two processor multiprocessor machines slowed each processor clock cycle by 10% to accommodate cross-cache protocol chatter ... and this overhead went up non-linearly. Later IBM mainframe was running cache machine cycle at much higher rate than the processor machine cycle.

In the late 80s, I was asked to participate in the standardization (started by LLNL) of what quickly became fibre-channel standard (on which they eventually built the heavy-weight FICON protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

I was also asked to participate in the standardization of scalable coherant interface (started by people at SLAC ... a large VM370 mainframe installation at the time and host of the monthly IBM BAYBUNCH user group meetings). SCI was defined for both I/O operations as well as multiprocessor shared memory operation. The standard SCI memory concistency defined 64-port memory bus ... that relaxed memory concistency (compared to IBM mainframe) and allowed for lot larger mainframe configurations. Sequent, Data General, Silicon Graphics, and at least Convex built multiprocessor products (using SCI).

Sequent & Data General took standard i486 four processor board that shared cache and built interface to SCI ... being able to get 64 4-processor boards in configurations (256-way processor shared memory configuration). Convex took standard HP/SNAKE (risc) two processor board that shared cache and built interface to SCI ... being able to get 64 2-processor boards in configuration. As an aside, much later IBM buys Sequent and shuts it down.

Note both FCS and SCI started out with fiber that supported concurrent transfers in both direction.

SCI
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Coherent_Interface
is part of what evolves into infiniband
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InfiniBand

other trivia ... in the mid-70s I was involved in project that defined a 16-way shared memory multiprocessor. Lots of people thought it was really fantastic ... and we got some of the 3033 processor engineers to work on it in their spare time (lot more interesting than mapping 168 logic to 20% faster chips). Then somebody tells the head of POK that it could be decades before the POK favorite son operating system could effectively support 16-way (it was 2000 before 16-way shipped) and we got invited to never visit POK again (and the 3033 processor engineers were instructed to stop being distracted).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 04 Apr 2016 09:22:08 -0700
scott@slp53.sl.home (Scott Lurndal) writes:
Only if for 'pretty good' you mean resulted in more explosive damage than if the patriots hadn't been deployed at all?

http://www.nytimes.com/1991/04/17/world/after-the-war-did-patriot-missiles-work-not-so-well-scientists-say.html
http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/scud_info/scud_info_refs/n41en141/Patriot.html
http://www.pitt.edu/~gordonm/JPubs/PatriotQJS.html


MIT came under pressure by military-industrial-complex on the question

Postal Question Success in Gulf War
http://tech.mit.edu/V112/N26/postol.26n.html
Theodore Postol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Postol
The Patriot Missile. Performance in the Gulf War Reviewed
http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/scud_info/scud_info_refs/n41en141/Patriot.html
Going Postol
http://archive.boston.com/news/globe/magazine/articles/2005/10/23/going_postol/?page=full

some past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#41 Rafael Team with Raytheon to Offer Iron Dome in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#34 Israel Has A Long List Of Problems But Its New Missile Defense Isn't One Of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#49 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#10 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#3 Amid barrage of rockets, Iron Dome makes 2nd interception over greater Tel Aviv
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fridays

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fridays
Date: 04 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
from long ago and far away

Date: 04/30/82 13:00:15
From: wheeler

re: friday; cc: friday; courtyard time again, it has been very nice for the last several weeks ... just right for sitting outside. By the way, tomorrow at the Santa Clara County Fair Grounds Scout-a-rama is being held.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

More Friday's trivia ... We had started the IBMSJ Friday's well before Jim left for Tandem (and Jim would periodically attend our Fridays). Much longer trip report that I distributed is accused for starting "Tandem Memos". Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

Date: 04/21/81 09:46:41
From: wheeler

good friend of ours (Jim Gray) left san jose research to join Tandem (you may have seen a copy of his resignation letter over the network -- he has since gotten a letter back from Cary in reply). A number of other high quality people from IBM have also. We visited Tandem on Friday afternoon. There is a little story about Fridays at Tandem.

When the company 1st started up, the president of the company would go down to the store on friday afternoon and bring back a case of beer for the employees. As the company grew he had to get several cases, then a keg, then several kegs. Currently they have a beer truck deliver on Friday afternoon (everything is free). They currently hold it in the company cafeteria. There are 8-10 kegs of beer, maybe 15-30 gallons of wine, and lots of munchies. Starts at 4 pm and goes on for several hours.

Jim gave us a piece of every document that they put out. Of course one of the intentions he had in having us come around was an attempt to recruit.


... snip ... top of post, old email index

from IBMJARGON (post two yrs ago)
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10202856636432581
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

... snip ...

other "Tandem Memos" posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#5 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#6 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#7 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#31 Title Inflation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#45 Taglines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#25 Melinda Varian's history page move
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#31 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#33 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#5 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#21 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#36 Early mainframe tcp/ip support (from ibm-main mailing list)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#78 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#43 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#42 assembler help!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#25 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#81 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#88 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#90 IBM Doing Some Restructuring?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#93 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#17 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#6 Origins of "User-friendly"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#67 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#55 Transition to Retirement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#65 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#1 Time to choose the Knights of 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#0 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#6 Real Hackers use Big Iron (Humor)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#7 Why former IBMers who left maybe years ago for any reason are still active on the Greater IBM Connection?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#46 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#43 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#58 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#81 How Criticizing in Private Undermines Your Team - Harvard Business Review
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#58 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#19 It was 30 Years Ago Today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#11 50th anniversary S/360 coming up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#52 Bridgestone Sues IBM For $600 Million Over Allegedly 'Defective' System That Plunged The Company Into 'Chaos'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#21 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#24 Tandem Memos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#47 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#81 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#68 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#140 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#80 Here's how a retired submarine captain would save IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#48 IBM's One Hundred Year History Is About Cash, Culture and Mutualism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#9 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#20 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#60 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#80 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#67 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#113 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#49 Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 04 Apr 2016 19:04:38 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Johnson was no better. He knew damn well the war wasn't winnable and the bombing accomplished nothing, yet he sent massive troops over to be killed for nothing, as well as destroying the economy of the country to pay for it.

Indeed, Kennedy bares some of the blame too, and even Eisenhower; they all supported a stupid war.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#68 Qbasic

it is not clear that Kennedy and Johnson actually broke the law and commited treason as Nixon did.

Kennedy and Johnsond had McNamara as SECDEF. In WW2, McNamara was LeMay's staff that planned fire bombing half dozen German cities and then planning fire bombing of 67 Japanese cities.

In the 2003 documentary The Fog of War, McNamara recalled the firebombing of Tokyo on March 9, 1945: "In that single night, we burned to death a hundred thousand Japanese civilians in Tokyo--men, women, and children." After the war, General LeMay said to McNamara: "If we'd lost the war we'd all have been prosecuted as war criminals."

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

passed posts mentioning LeMay:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#67 Downwind from Alamogordo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#33 The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost before they began, not on the battlefields
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Apr 2016 09:05:38 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Oh, that's just silly. Japan invaded China long before Pearl Harbor, and Canada and Australia were at war with Germany at about the same time as Britain and France were.

It didn't just become a "world war" when *you guys* couldn't sit it out any longer.

Of course, the United States made up for this later by being in the vanguard of the long Cold War struggle against Communism.


3/4ths of germany military forces were against russia and 2/3rds of japanese military forces were devoted to china. However, "The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order"
http://www.amazon.com/Battle-Bretton-Woods-Relations-University-ebook/dp/B00B5ZQ72Y/

Morgenthau (sec. of treasury, white's boss) had major objective to reign in wallstreet's rapacious behavior ... wallstreet counters with offer of large loan to Britain if they would pull out

portrays White as heavily under the influence of the Soviets, who secretly provided him with a draft of demands for him to get US to issue to Japan (which he did) ... that would prompt Japan into attacking the US (which they did) ... Soviets were battling Germany in the west and were worried that Japan would attack in the east ... needed to divert Japan into pacific conflict with the US.

pg55/loc1053-55:
He authorized Hull to present the Japanese with what became known as the Ten-Point Note. Hull summoned Nomura and Kurusu on November 26 to deliver the austere ultimatum, incorporating White's demands ...

... snip ...

Hull Note
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note
According to Benn Steil, director of international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations, while "no single individual can be said to have triggered" the Pearl Harbor attack, Harry Dexter White "was the author of the key ultimatum demands". Steil also maintains "the Japanese government made the decision to move forward with the Pearl Harbor strike after receiving the ultimatum".

... snip ...

George F. Kennan ... has observation that US & Britain wouldn't have been able to defeat Germany w/o Soviets (US and rest of the allies were only dealing with 1/4th of German's military)
http://www.amazon.com/George-F-Kennan-American-Life/dp/B0054TVO1G/

also reference to Soviets had relocated much of its industry east, out of German reach ... pg199/loc3981-86
After several days Kennan continued by train to Stalinsk-Kuznetsk, a city that fifteen years earlier had been a swamp. It now contained thousands of workers and their families, as well as one of the largest steel mills in the Soviet Union. Obviously it had required "a great feat of willpower and organization to build and put into operation at all an establishment of this size in a place so remote from the other industrial centers." Perhaps the sacrifices had been worth it if the plant had helped to win the war, but it had clearly cost far more to build and to operate than a comparable facility in the United States.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning Bretton Woods (&/or Hull Note):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#54 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#55 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Apr 2016 13:24:39 -0700
"Thomas Johns" <TJzz@gmail.com> writes:
And the US did nothing when Poland was invaded.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#74 Qbasic

John Foster Dulles (along with Prescott Bush, other wallstreet & industrialists) was instrumental in rebuilding Germany's economy and military in the 20s & 30s.
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc865-68:
In mid-1931 a consortium of American banks, eager to safeguard their investments in Germany, persuaded the German government to accept a loan of nearly $500 million to prevent default. Foster was their agent. His ties to the German government tightened after Hitler took power at the beginning of 1933 and appointed Foster's old friend Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economics.

loc873-79:
Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.

loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism

... snip ...

from law of unintended consequences, US 1943 Strategic Bombing Program needed industrial and military locations in Germany, they got detailed locations and plans from wallstreet.

June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis, Intrepid
http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

loc1925-29:
One prominent figure at the German victory celebration was Torkild Rieber, of Texaco, whose tankers eluded the British blockade. The company had already been warned, at Roosevelt's instigation, about violations of the Neutrality Law. But Rieber had set up an elaborate scheme for shipping oil and petroleum products through neutral ports in South America. With the Germans now preparing to turn the English Channel into what Churchill thought would become 'river of blood,' other industrialists were eager to learn from Texaco how to do more business with Hitler.

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts mentioning John Foster Dullas, Prescott Bush, German victory celebration at the Waldorf-Astoria, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#6 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#26 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#71 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#35 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#45 The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#51 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#53 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#30 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#32 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#86 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Apr 2016 13:43:29 -0700
hancock4 writes:
In Doris Kerns book on LBJ, she documents where Johnson blatantly lied to the American people and congress about the actual and projected financial and human cost of the Vietnam War. LBJ deliberately minimized it to avoid raising domestic concerns and derailing support for his Great Society programs.

McNamera also blatantly lied, and his generals were lying to him.

Both LBJ and McNamera created a 'no dissent' atmosphere; only 'yes men' were tolerated on their staff. This suppressed vital questions about the screwups of the war that needed to be discussed.

If Nixon was guilty of treason, so was LBJ and McNamera.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#68 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#73 Qbasic

Nixon was guilty of treason as a private person (before the election) negotiating with North Vietnam ... he didn't want the then, current administration getting credit for ending the war. He then broke other laws that eventually led to his resignation.

It is not clear that lying to American public is either treason or a criminal offense ... especially by the president ... it happened in the iran/iraq war, the iran-Contra affair, and both Iraq1 and Iraq2. President may have immunity for lying to congress??

Of course presidents lie
http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/24/politics/presidents-lie/
Presidential Lies and Consequences
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/1998/10/presidential-lies-and-consequences

this implies some ambiquity in the dealings between the president/executive branch and congress/legislative branch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contempt_of_Congress
Under that ruling, Courts generally do not hear motions to quash Congressional subpoenas; even when executive branch officials refuse to comply, the Courts tend to rule that such matters are "political questions" unsuitable for judicial remedy.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Apr 2016 14:25:53 -0700
"Thomas Johns" <TJzz@gmail.com> writes:
They weren't duped. The US never managed to work out that it was a civil war and were obsessed by the claim that Dulles etc had 'lost' China to the communists due to what the US didn't do there after WW2 had ended.

The US had also decided that Vietnam was quite similar to Korea and that the US has prevailed in Korea eventually and some believed that it could do so in Vietnam too. Turned out they were just plain wrong about Vietnam.


Note that one of the justifications given for Dulles supporting Hitler and the Nazis was that he was rapid anti-communist and that he viewed Hitler as a one of the few capable of opposing the Soviets ... which then carries over to opposition to anything communist.

The Dulles Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc2611-13:
In 1953, overthrowing Mossadegh had been the Dulles brothers' obsession. The next year it was Arbenz. Now they focused on Ho Chi Minh, the Communist leader of Vietnam's anticolonial movement. They singled him out not simply because of who he was, but where he was. Europe had settled into its Cold War pattern, and although Foster and Allen still considered it the center of the world, they believed the front line had moved to East Asia. They mistakenly saw China as a pawn of the Soviet Union, and Ho, also mistakenly, as a puppet of both. Crushing him, they decided, would be the most potent next blow they could strike against "international Communism."

... snip ...

Beetle: The Life of General Walter Bedell Smith
http://www.amazon.com/Beetle-General-Walter-American-Warriors-ebook/dp/B0078XFMVY

pg47/loc1053-56:
In the period before the election, John Foster Dulles had engaged in some calculated maneuvers designed to remove any possibility of Smith's remaining at the CIA, intending to replace Smith with his brother Allen. Dulles talked about aggressively "rolling back" communism and envisioned a more proactive role for the CIA; during his tenure, Smith actively blunted many covert operation initiatives.

... snip ...

Note: Mossadegh was the elected leader of Iran, they then put the Shah in ... with his dreaded secret police (SAVAK) trained by Schwarzkopf senior. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#95 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#70 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#70 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#67 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#11 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#72 Thanks Obama

Disclaimer: My wife's father was military advisor to Generalissimo and the family had lived in Nanking (before being evacuated in army cargo plane to Tsingtao when the city was ringed).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 05 Apr 2016 20:24:36 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
John Foster Dulles (along with Prescott Bush, other wallstreet & industrialists) was instrumental in rebuilding Germany's economy and military in the 20s & 30s.
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

loc873-79:

Sullivan & Cromwell floated the first American bonds issued by the giant German steelmaker and arms manufacturer Krupp A.G., extended I.G. Farben's global reach, and fought successfully to block Canada's effort to restrict the export of steel to German arms makers.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic

If you haven't heard anything yet about the "Panama Papers" ... "Dirty little secrets" ... setting up Panama as one of the worlds money laundering capitals ... firm (in the person of John Foster Dulles) also instrumental in rebuilding German's economy and military in the 20s & 30s.
http://interactive.fusion.net/dirty-little-secrets/
Of course, the U.S. had a big hand in shaping Panama's destiny, stretching back to days when the canal was still a pipe dream, and even laid the groundwork for its financial system today. A circle of American financiers, chief among them J.P. Morgan, made $40 million off the canal deal, following a stealthy lobbying effort to get lawmakers to choose Panama over Nicaragua, according to author Ovidio Diaz-Espino's critical history "How Wall Street Created a Nation." At the time, the canal arrangement was the most expensive land deal of all time. Afterwards, Morgan and William Nelson Cromwell, the chief lobbyist for the financiers, managed Panama's finances up until the 1930s. Cromwell, who co-founded the prominent law firm Sullivan & Cromwell, also became Panama's de facto attorney General.

... snip ...

some foriegn sources have noted with interest that the US related operations have led with non-US names & institutions ... even though US names would be a lot more interesting to those in the US.

tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
money launder posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

a few of the items last couple days

Law Firm's Files Include Dozens of Companies and People Blacklisted by U.S. Authorities * ICIJ
https://panamapapers.icij.org/20160404-sanctioned-blacklisted-offshore-clients.html
The Panama Papers * ICIJ
https://panamapapers.icij.org/
Offshore Leaks, Tax Haven Secrecy Revealed
https://www.icij.org/offshore
ICIJ/OCCRP Panama Papers project yields unprecedented access to high level offshore corruption
https://www.occrp.org/en/40-press-releases/presss-releases/5112-icij-occrp-panama-papers-project-yields-unprecedented-access-to-high-level-offshore-corruption
The Panama Papers
https://www.occrp.org/en/panamapapers/
Mossack Fonseca Has 441 U.S. Clients: Who Are They?
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-04/mossack-fonseca-has-441-us-clients-who-are-they
Here's the Price Countries Pay for Tax Evasion Exposed in Panama Papers
https://theintercept.com/2016/04/05/heres-the-price-countries-pay-for-tax-evasion-exposed-in-panama-papers/
On the I.M.F.'s Nefarious Activities - Greece, Indonesia, and Who Knows What Else
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-04/imf%E2%80%99s-nefarious-activities-%E2%80%93-greece-indonesia-and-who-knows-what-else
Panama Papers Leak: Interactive Map Shows Where All the Money Is Hiding
http://mic.com/articles/139721/panama-papers-leak-interactive-map-shows-where-all-the-money-is-hiding?utm_source=policymicFB&utm_medium=future&utm_campaign=social
The Panama Papers: how the world's rich and famous hide their money offshore
http://www.theguardian.com/news/2016/apr/03/the-panama-papers-how-the-worlds-rich-and-famous-hide-their-money-offshore?CMP=share_btn_tw
Data leaks of the rich and famous: Panama Papers show no one's secrets safe
http://www.cnet.com/news/data-leaks-of-the-rich-and-famous-panama-papers-show-no-ones-secrets-safe/
Why the Panama Papers Could Catapult Bernie Sanders to the White House
http://usuncut.com/politics/panama-papers-bernie-sanders-white-house/
'Panama papers' came from e-mail server hack at Mossack Fonseca
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/04/05/email_server_hack_led_to_mossack_fonseca_leak/
Here Are Some Of The Americans In The "Panama Papers"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-05/here-are-some-americans-panama-papers
"The Cat Is Out Of The Bag" - In Interview Mossack Fonseca Founders Admit It's Over... To Rothschild's Delight
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-05/cat-out-bag-interview-mossack-fonseca-founders-admit-its-over-rothschilds-delight
Panama Papers: Obama, Clinton Pushed Trade Deal Amid Warnings It Would Make Money Laundering, Tax Evasion Worse
http://www.ibtimes.com/panama-papers-obama-clinton-pushed-trade-deal-amid-warnings-it-would-make-money-2348076
5 ways the Panama Papers swept up EU figures
http://www.politico.eu/article/5-ways-panama-papers-swept-eu-figures-miguel-arias-canete-david-cameron/
Here's Why You Should Give a Shit About the Panama Papers
http://www.vice.com/read/why-you-should-care-about-panama-papers-mossack-fonseca
After Panama papers leak: U.S., Britain are eager for names
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/national/article69918377.html
McAfee: Panama Papers show need for better cybersecurity
http://www.businessinsider.com/john-mcafee-panama-papers-evidence-we-need-better-cybersecurity-2016-4
Panama Papers note friend of Enrique Pena Nieto
http://www.businessinsider.com/panama-papers-juan-hinojosa-enrique-pena-nieto-mexico-2016-4
Panama Papers Leak Exposes Tax Evasion -- And Poor Data Security, Data Integrity Practices
http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/panama-papers-leak-exposes-tax-evasion----and-poor-data-security-data-integrity-practices/d/d-id/1324966
Massive leak exposes how the wealthy and powerful hide their money
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/national/article69729112.html Panama Papers Could Shake Capitalism
http://time.com/4280864/panama-papers-capitalism/
What are the Panama Papers?
http://www.businessinsider.com/what-are-the-panama-papers-2016-4

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 06 Apr 2016 07:46:29 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
If you haven't heard anything yet about the "Panama Papers" ... "Dirty little secrets" ... setting up Panama as one of the worlds money laundering capitals ... firm (in the person of John Foster Dulles) also instrumental in rebuilding German's economy and military in the 20s & 30s.
http://interactive.fusion.net/dirty-little-secrets/

Of course, the U.S. had a big hand in shaping Panama's destiny, stretching back to days when the canal was still a pipe dream, and even laid the groundwork for its financial system today. A circle of American financiers, chief among them J.P. Morgan, made $40 million off the canal deal, following a stealthy lobbying effort to get lawmakers to choose Panama over Nicaragua, according to author Ovidio Diaz-Espino's critical history "How Wall Street Created a Nation." At the time, the canal arrangement was the most expensive land deal of all time. Afterwards, Morgan and William Nelson Cromwell, the chief lobbyist for the financiers, managed Panama's finances up until the 1930s. Cromwell, who co-founded the prominent law firm Sullivan & Cromwell, also became Panama's de facto attorney General.

... snip ...


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#76 Qbasic

How Wall Street Created a Nation
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00MDW60IY/
How Wall Street Created a Nation
https://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/221/46782.html
And the U.S. was already on its way to building the canal in Nicaragua. The House of Representatives unanimously passed a Nicaragua canal bill, a treaty was signed with Nicaragua, President McKinley had already signed the bill, and the excavation had already began in Nicaragua. It was a done deal -- until Cromwell arrived on Capitol Hill and began throwing money around.

... snip ...

and possibly Chiana is now going to build it?
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/new-canal-through-central-america-could-have-devastating-consequences-180953394/?no-ist

and the original also overlaps with "war is a racket" and banana republics
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Is_a_Racket
Based on his career military experience, Butler frankly discusses how business interests commercially benefit (including war profiteering) from warfare.

... snip ...

and then:

BBC: Bush's Grandfather Planned Fascist Coup In America
http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/july2007/240707fascistcoup.htm
General Smedley Butler, author of the famous quote "war is a racket", exposed the fascist plotters but was subsequently demonized and shunned by the government and the media.

... snip ...

Business Plot
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_Plot

and "perpetual war"
http://archive.org/details/triumphantpluto00pettrich

loc6265-74:
XXX. THE LEAGUE TO PERPETUATE WAR The war has just begun. I said that when the Armistice terms were published and when I read the Treaty and the League Covenant I felt more than ever convinced of the justice of my conclusion. The Treaty of Versailles is merely an armistice -- a suspension of hostilities, while the combatants get their wind. There is a war in every chapter of the Treaty and in every section of the League Covenant; war all over the world; war without end so long as the conditions endure which produce these documents.

... snip ...

perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Apr 2016 09:11:37 -0700
mausg writes:
It was the business of the CIA, which was not very long in existance to find out what was really going on.

Beetle: The Life of General Walter Bedell Smith <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Beetle-General-Walter-American-Warriors-ebook/dp/B0078XFMVY">http://www.amazon.com/Beetle-General-Walter-American-Warriors-ebook/dp/B0078XFMVY</a>

pg47/loc1053-56:
In the period before the election, John Foster Dulles had engaged in some calculated maneuvers designed to remove any possibility of Smith's remaining at the CIA, intending to replace Smith with his brother Allen. Dulles talked about aggressively "rolling back" communism and envisioned a more proactive role for the CIA; during his tenure, Smith actively blunted many covert operation initiatives.

... snip ...

which included things like disposing elected leader of Iran, replacing with Shah and his dreaded SAVAK (trained by Schwarzkopf senior). Then there was something similar in Guatemala (US has had its share of banana republics and excessive repressive regimes).

pg33/loc786-88:
Two days after his fifty-fifth birthday, on 7 October 1950, Smith inherited an organization in tatters. The agency's multiple failures, climaxing with the North Korean invasion, gave Smith the mandate to reform the intelligence agency.

... snip ..

Bedell had been Chief of Staff for Marshall, who really agonized over letting Eisenhower have him to run Eisenhower's operations in WW2.

However, one of the things about CIA U2 was that Eisenhower used the photo recon to debunk the air force "bomber gap" fabrication (was being used to justify a massive DOD budget increase for building bombers) ... which then contributed to Eisenhower's goodby warning about the military-industrial(-congressional) complex.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

Later in the 70s, director of CIA wasn't agreeing with the "Team B" analysis (again) justifying an enormous increase in DOD budget. Then white house chief of staff Rumsfeld replaced the director with somebody that would go along with "Team B" analysis (who had a father that supported Germany, would later become VP and then President, and had a son that would later become President). After replacing director of CIA, Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF and his assistant Cheney becomes white house chief of staff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

In the 80s, those players were involved in supporting Iraq in the Iran/Iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
however, the VP claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
who then "Lehman's Gift To Jeb Bush For Funneling Pension Money: A $1.3 Million Consulting 'Job'"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/lehmans-gift-jeb-bush-funneling-pension-money-13-million-consulting-job

another member of the family then presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis.

recent posts mentioning John Foster Dulles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#38 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#86 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#77 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 07 Apr 2016 09:40:39 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Except that Saddam's Iraq was the opposite of freedom-loving, and was peaceful only because it got it's @ss whooped so spectacularly in the First Gulf War.

US supporting Iraq in Iran/Iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

Iran previously had revolution to dispose the US supported brutal and repressive Shah (in 1953, CIA run revolution had disposed the elected Iranian leader, replacing him with the Shah and his repressive SAVAK secret police trained by Schwarzkoph senior).

Sat. photo recon analyst warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Kuwait invasion; administration says that Saddam told them he would do no such thing ... and proceeds to discredit the analyst. Analyst then warns that Iraq is marshaling forces for Saudi invasion ... now the administration is forced to choose between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

Iraq-1 lasts 42 days, but ground campaign only the last 100hrs ... US using air superiority to pound Iraq targets. GAO air campaign effectiveness study says that significant portion of Iraq armor was destroyed by A10 30mm fire ... and that Iraqis started walking away from their tanks because they were sitting ducks. All the description of the tanks destroyed during the 100hrs of the land campaign fail to mention how many of the tanks had anybody home.

Part of the analysis of failure in Iraq-2 was that they had learned from Iraq-1 to avoid being targets for US air power ... and chose to fight a different kind of war. From the law of unintended consequences, the invasion bypasses military/ammo bunkers looking for the fabricated WMDs and when they get around to going back ... over a million metric tons had evaporated (things like large artilliary shells start showing up in IEDs, even taking out Abram M1 tanks).

Military-Industrial(-congressional) Complex wanted Iraq-2 invasion so badly that corporate representatives were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for the invasion in the UN, they would get NATO membership and directed appropriation USAID (can only be used for purchase of modern US made military weapons).
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA

MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fwd: Tech News 1964

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Fwd: Tech News 1964
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 7 Apr 2016 18:03:56 -0700
Peter.Farley@BROADRIDGE.COM (Farley, Peter x23353) writes:
IMHO part of what is vanishing mainframe clients is IBM's failure several decades back to continue to support universities with discounted hardware and software. Lack of mainframe availability at university level has translated into current managements with no exposure and no desire to learn the advantages (TCO, security, etc.) of mainframes. Not the whole reason, but a significant contributor.

The gov. legal action resulted in number of IBM responses ... 23jun1969 unbundling announcement that included starting to charge for (application) software; it also saw IBM pull back from the enormous grants and discounts it gave academic institutions... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

IBM did come back in the early 80s with the academic business unit (ACIS) ... it was putting several hundred million into universities (but lots of it would go into non-mainframe technologies). IBM also sponsored the university BITNET (where this ibm-main mailing list originated). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

it used technology similar to IBM internal network ... some past posts (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

that originated at the IBM cambridge science center ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

this was non-SNA (and not communication group technology) ... at about the same time in the late 80s when the communication group was forcing the internal network into moving to SNA ... BITNET moved to tcp/ip (which would have been much better for internal network also, rather than SNA).

I've told the story several times about senior disk engineer at late 80s, annual communication group world-wide internal conference. His talk was supposedly on 3174 performance but he opened with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic "ownership" of everything that cross the datacenter walls and was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm install base. The disk division was seeing applications fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to try and correct the situation, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Somewhat as work-around to the communication group opposition, the disk division VP of software was investing in open system and distributed computing technology ... the POSIX support in MVS ... as well as startups that built mainframe based distributed computing hardware and software solutions.

trivia: the original mainframe tcp/ip product was implemented in vs/pascal (which had none of the buffer length related exploits that have been epidemic in C-language implementations) ... however for various reasons it only got about 44kbytes/sec using full 3090 processor. I did the enhancements to support RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research between Cray and 4341, got sustained channel speed throughput using only a modest amount of 4341 processor ... possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

opinion? Fujitsu USA

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: opinion? Fujitsu USA
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 Apr 2016 11:35:19 -0700
elardus.engelbrecht@SITA.CO.ZA (Elardus Engelbrecht) writes:
I vaguely remember that I worked [indirectly] with them when I started worked around 1989.

ICL [from Britain?] and Amdahl [from that wizard Gene Amdahl] were guzzled up by Fujitsu.


Fujitsu was major manufacture and investor in Amdahl (from the start). Not long after Amdahl Co. was formed (early 70s), Gene had presentation at MIT in large, full auditorium ... some of us went over from the IBM Cambridge Science Center. Several in the audience pressed Gene pretty hard about being front for foreign interests (regarding the ties with Fujitsu)

Later my boss at IBM was head of the workstation IBU (PC/RT, RS/6000, etc) and had some head-to-head with some senior executives and left, eventually forming HAL ... early 64bit RISC (also backed by Fujitsu). There was joke that they was so much traffic back&forth between silicon valley and japan that it justified the non-stop San Jose/Narita flight (and some companies had permanently reserved 1st class seats).

Topic Drift Warning.

One of the issues was corporate mandate that RS/6000 had to use PS2 microchannel cards (and not do their own). As mentioned in recent "Tech News 1964" posting, the communication group was fiercely fighting off client/server and distributed computing ... and PS2 microchannel cards had minimal throughput and performance. we had snide comments that if RS/6000 was restricted to to only using PS2 cards, it wouldn't have any better throughput/performance than PS2.

For instance, the PS2 (32bit) microchannel 16mbit T/R card had lower throughput than the PC/RT (16bit) atbus 4mbit T/R card (a PC/RT server with 4mbit T/R card would have higher throughput than RS/6000 with 16mbit T/R card ... i.e. the workstation IBU had done their own 4mbit T/R card but were prevented from doing their own 16mbit T/R card.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

The communication group had design point for 16mbit T/R card of 300+ stations sharing common LAN doing terminal emulation. The major justification for having done T/R was many large mainframe customers were running into bldg. weight loading restrictions with the massive amount of 3270 coax cables. T/R LAN enormously reduced the wiring needed, the aggregate LAN bandwidth increased the number of stations per LAN ... but terminal emulation didn't require significant per card throughput.

In the late 80s, the communication group 16mbit T/R card was something like $899/card ... but there were $69 10mbit Ethernet cards running over CAT5 wiring, that had higher per card throughput than the 16mbit T/R card. The new Almaden Research bldg had extensive CAT5 wiring assuming 16mbit T/R, and found that not only the $69 ethernet cards had higher per card throughput ... but running 10mbit ethernet had higher aggregate LAN throughput and lower latency than 16mbit T/R.

The communication group publications comparing 16mbit T/R with ethernet apparently used original 3mbit ethernet that did have listen before transmit protocol. ACM SIGOPS publication had paper that did detailed study of typical Ethernet configurations and found effective aggregate throughput was around 9mbits/mbit ... but running low-level device driver code that constantly transmitted minimum sized ethernet packets on all stations ... the effective aggregate LAN throughput dropped off to 8mbit/sec.

The lower aggregate 16mbit T/R LAN throughput and higher latency was attributed to the token passing processing latency.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

disclaimer: my wife is one of the inventors on one of the early IBM token-passing patents.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
Date: 09 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
Facebook Too Big To Jail
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10208286996468188

Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-09/wells-fargo-admits-deceiving-us-government-pays-record-12-billion-settlement

too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Why the Banks Should Be Broken Up; Bernie or no Bernie, 'Times' columnist Paul Krugman is wrong about the banks
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/why-the-banks-should-be-broken-up-20160408?page=3
Paul Krugman Crosses the Line
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2016/04/paul-krugman-crosses-the-line.html

"Inside Job" references how leading economists were captured similar to the capture of the regulatory agencies.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_(2010_film)

The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine,
http://www.amazon.com/Big-Short-Inside-Doomsday-Machine-ebook/dp/B003LSTK8G/
doesn't mention #1 on time's list of those responsible
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
or #2 on time's list
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html
does mention #3
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877331,00.html

pg229/loc3323-25:
Greenspan he viewed as almost beneath his contempt, which was saying something. "I think Alan Greenspan will go down as the worst chairman of the Federal Reserve in history," he'd say, when given the slightest chance.

... snip ...

Glass-Steagall and/or Pecora hearings:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

The "Big Short", pg113/loc1720-25:
Looking into it a bit, Jamie found that the model used by Wall Street to price LEAPs, the Black-Scholes option pricing model, made some strange assumptions. For instance, it assumed a normal, bell-shaped distribution for future stock prices. If Capital One was trading at $30 a share, the model assumed that, over the next two years, the stock was more likely to get to $35 a share than to $40, and more likely to get to $40 a share than to $45, and so on. This assumption made sense only to those who knew nothing about the company. In this case the model was totally missing the point: When Capital One stock moved, as it surely would, it was more likely to move by a lot than by a little.

... snip ...

They had already found that out in the case of "Long-Term Capital Management" failure that threaten to take down the industry (there is folklore that one weekend Greenspan called up ten institions and each were to bring $300M and meet him).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-Term_Capital_Management

Several articles that individuals wanted the transaction fees&commisions, models were tweaked until it permitted what they wanted to do ... they didn't care what happened afterwards.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
Date: 09 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Wroth that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. Then they start paying for triple-A ratings (when the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into the role that the rating agencies played). Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents and they could start doing no-documentation, liar loans. They also no longer had to care about loan quality or borrowers qualifications and triple-A also met that they could start selling to institutions restricted to only dealing in safe investments (like large public & private pension funds, some accounts that it resulted in 30% loss in the funds and trillions shortfall in pension funds). The triple-A ratings are also largely responsible for the over $27T done in the economic mess (2001-2008).

They then learned that they could do securitized mortgages designed to fail, sell to their victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay-off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and says that they have to payoff at face value, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

#2 on Times list of those responsible for the economic mess is senator behind GLBA that repeals Glass-Steagall, enabling too big to fail which leads to too big to prosecute and too big to jail. It allows risky investment banks to merge with gov. backed depository institutions, resulting in risky investment bank activity being offloaded on tax payers. This also enables relative impunity for money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, LIBOR manipulation, commodity manipulation, tax evasion and other criminal activity. The modest size of the fines (compared to amounts involved) are jokingly being referred to just the cost of running a criminal business.

When the chair of CFTC proposes regulating CDS, the chair is quickly replaced with the wife of #2, while he gets legislation passed preventing CDS regulation. This is characterized as favor to ENRON which is playing with CDS, the wife then resigns as chair of CFTC and joins ENRON board and audit committee. From the law of unintended consequents, later securitized mortgages are being designed to fail and then they are making CDS gambling bets that they would fail.

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall, had been scanned the fall of 2008 at Boston Public Library) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).

From the law of unintended consequences, the biggest fines (several tens of billions) for the too big to fail are for the robo-signing mills fabricating documents needed for foreclosures on the no-documentation mortgages (note these fines went to new firms that were to distribute the money to the foreclosure victims, however there are lots of questions what actually has happened to most of the money).

The S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions. The economic mess was 70 times larger, but has had no criminal referrals or convictions (proportionally should be 70,000 criminal convictions).

some collection of past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#greenspan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
Date: 10 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#85 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement

Since then, in aggregate, they've been fined something like $300B total (not just for the mortgage fraud, but also for money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, fraudulent foreclosures, LIBOR, manipulating commodities, tax evasion and other criminal activity. The joke is that it is being viewed as cost of running criminal enterprise. The total $300B in fines is just a little over 1% of the $27+T ... but that $27+T doesn't include the amounts of all the other criminal activity.

However, they've also been using the tens of trillions of ZIRP funds provided by the FED for buying treasuries, earning something like $300B/annum.

The total $300B in fines is just a little over 1% of the $27+T ... but that $27+T doesn't include the amounts of all the other criminal activity.

Demise of institutional memory. In the 80s, CITI was the largest player in mortgage market. Somebody did analysis that small changes in interest rate could take down the institution, they then sold off their mortgage portfolio, got out of the mortgage business and required private bailout (from Saudis) to stay in business. Role forward a little over a decade and CITI is one of the biggest players in securitized mortgages (the players weren't concerned about the risk to the institution, the economy, and/or the country). End of 2008, just the four largest too big to fail were still carrying $5.2T in toxic assets "off book" (with CITI having the most). Originally TARP was to buy these toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated there wasn't enough to come close to averting disaster ... all the institutions would still have to be declared insolvent and have to be liquidated. Late summer 2008, some tens of billions had sold for 22cents on the dollar. "Mark-to-market" would have to book trillions of dollars in losses. TARP was used elsewhere, and the Federal Reserve started buying trillions in toxic assets for 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

some collection of past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Top secret "28 pages" may hold clues about Saudi support for 9/11 hijackers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Top secret "28 pages" may hold clues about Saudi support for 9/11 hijackers
Date: 10 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
Top secret "28 pages" may hold clues about Saudi support for 9/11 hijackers
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/top-secret-28-pages-may-hold-clues-about-saudi-support-for-911-hijackers/
Who helped the 9/11 hijackers when they were in the U.S.?
http://www.cbsnews.com/videos/who-helped-the-911-hijackers-when-they-were-in-the-u-s/

past posts referencing families suing Saudi for 9/11
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#28 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
Date: 11 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-11/goldman-slammed-51-billion-fine-serious-misconduct-mortgage-selling

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Wroth that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. Then they start paying for triple-A ratings (when the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into the role that the rating agencies played). Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents and they could start doing no-documentation, liar loans. They also no longer had to care about loan quality or borrowers qualifications and triple-A also met that they could start selling to institutions restricted to only dealing in safe investments (like large public & private pension funds, some accounts that it resulted in 30% loss in the funds and trillions shortfall in pension funds).

They then learned that they could do securitized mortgages designed to fail, sell to their victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay-off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and says that they can't payoff at less than face value, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

Note the original rhetoric in congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA (not better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that if you already had a banking charter you got to keep it, but if you didn't already have a banking charter you couldn't get one (block new competition in the banking business). Role forward to the implosion of the economic mess ... and the federal reserve providing real bailouts, buying trillions in off-book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds (while TARP was used for other stuff) ... however, the institutions had to have a banking charter. In order to save some of the purely investment banks (w/o banking charter), the federal reserve had to give out new banking charters (theoretically

Federal Reserve fought legal battle to prevent disclosure of what they were doing, shortly after they lost, Bernanke had a press conference and said that when they started providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds (and buying trillions in off-book toxic assets), it would be used to help mainstreet. When they didn't (buying treasuries instead, clearing something like $300B/yr), he had no way to force them (but that didn't stop ZIRP funds). Supposedly part of the reason that Bernanke was selected was he was a depression era scholar, however the federal reserve had tried something similar then with the same results (so he should have had no reason to believe they would act any differently this time)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Bernanke's Former Advisor: "People Would Be Stunned To Know The Extent To Which The Fed Is Privately Owned"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-11/bernankes-former-advisor-people-would-be-stunned-know-extent-which-fed-privately-own

from above:
As the WSJ conveniently adds, the selection of regional bank presidents has become a hot-button issue. Currently, the leaders of the New York, Philadelphia, Dallas and Minneapolis Fed banks are helmed by men who formerly worked for or had close connections to investment bank Goldman Sachs.

... snip ..

The Truth Of The Goldman Sachs Settlement Is In The Fine Print
http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2016/04/11/3768216/goldman-sachs-schneiderman-fine-print/

from above:
Less than half of the total sticker price -- $2.385 billion -- is structured as a civil penalty, which is generally not deductible. The settlement papers do prohibit Goldman from seeking FDIC reimbursement for any of the deal's costs, but that language does not rule out simple deductions.

... snip ...

too big to jail

some collection of past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

past posts mentioning ZIRP funds:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#4 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#10 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#37 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#43 8080 BASIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#89 Forbes perspective on IBM's troubles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#94 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#95 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#2 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#3 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#4 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#6 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#11 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#23 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#29 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#43 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#58 Wall Street is Taking Over America's Pension Plans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#99 US Debt In Public Hands Doubles Under Barack Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#17 Cromnibus cartoon
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#69 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#70 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#76 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#41 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#43 Poor People Caused The Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#44 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#82 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#83 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#84 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#93 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#16 Interactive Data Corp taps banks for sale or IPO -sources
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#27 Federal Subsidies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#16 Federal Deficits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#20 After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#25 After 6 Years Of QE, And A $4.5 Trillion Balance Sheet, St. Louis Fed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#49 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#50 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#56 The long, slow death of the rule of law in America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#57 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#65 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#70 AIG freezes defined-benefit pension plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#81 Now the DOJ Admits They Got it Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#86 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#19 Bernanke: Some Wall Street executives should've gone to jail over financial crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#25 Hillary Clinton's Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#44 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#46 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#47 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#48 Protecting Social Security from the Thieves in the Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#50 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#51 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#53 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#78 The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#8 Too Big To Fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#26 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#12 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#25 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#42 Nobody saw the economic mess coming last decade
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#58 Wall Street strikes back against Bernie Sanders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#84 Trump vs. Hillary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#110 The Koch-Fueled Plot to Destroy the VA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#49 Federal Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#58 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#86 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 11 Apr 2016 23:00:45 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
and for-profit prisons paying kickbacks for prisoners

Judges Plead Guilty in Scheme to Jail Youths for Profit
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/13/us/13judge.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#39 Qbasic

For-profit prisons part of US having the highest incarceration rate in the world

they are also inventing all sorts of new ways for making money off prisoners.

The Prison-Industrial Complex
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/the-prison-industrial-complex/304669/
On January 17, 1961, President Dwight D. Eisenhower used his farewell address to issue a warning, as the United States continued its cold war with the Soviet Union. "In the councils of government," Eisenhower said, "we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex." Eisenhower had grown concerned about this new threat to democracy during the 1960 campaign, when fears of a "missile gap" with the Soviet Union were whipped up by politicians, the press, and defense contractors hoping for increased military spending. Eisenhower knew that no missile gap existed and that fear of one might lead to a costly, unnecessary response. "The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist," Eisenhower warned. "We should take nothing for granted."

... snip ...

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

The Prison State of America
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/12/29/prison-state-america
Fines, often in the thousands of dollars, are assessed against many prisoners when they are sentenced. There are 22 fines that can be imposed in New Jersey, including the Violent Crime Compensation Assessment (VCCB), the Law Enforcement Officers Training & Equipment Fund (LEOT) and Extradition Costs (EXTRA). The state takes a percentage each month out of prison pay to pay down the fines, a process that can take decades. If a prisoner who is fined $10,000 at sentencing must rely solely on a prison salary he or she will owe about $4,000 after making payments for 25 years. Prisoners can leave prison in debt to the state. And if they cannot continue to make regular payments--difficult because of high unemployment--they are sent back to prison. High recidivism is part of the design.

... snip ...

Report: "Low-Crime Tax" Keeps For-Profit Prisons Profitable
http://billmoyers.com/2013/09/20/report-low-crime-tax-keeps-for-profit-prisons-profitable/
Meet the Prison Bankers Who Profit From the Inmates
http://time.com/3446372/criminal-justice-prisoners-profit/
With 2.3 Million People Incarcerated in the US, Prisons Are Big Business
http://www.thenation.com/article/prison-profiteers/
Stay Informed
http://www.prisonpolicy.org/phones/
Private Prisons Fight Back
http://www.justicepolicy.org/news/10110
We Must End For-Profit Prisons
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bernie-sanders/we-must-end-for-profit-pr_b_8180124.html
Banking on Bondage: Private Prisons and Mass Incarceration
https://www.aclu.org/banking-bondage-private-prisons-and-mass-incarceration
Prisons for Profit: Under Kasich, Ohio Becomes Laboratory for Privatizing Public Jails
http://www.democracynow.org/2016/2/23/prisons_for_profit_under_kasich_ohio
Are debtors' prisons returning?
http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/04/opinions/jones-debtors-prisons/
How for-profit prisons have become the biggest lobby no one is talking about
https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/04/28/how-for-profit-prisons-have-become-the-biggest-lobby-no-one-is-talking-about/
The Corrupt Corporate Incarceration Complex
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/1905:the-corrupt-corporate-incarceration-complex
We Are All Victims Of Private Prisons and Corrupt Politicians
http://www.copblock.org/137367/victims-private-prisons-corrupt-politicians/

past for-profit prison posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#70 Qbasic

other past incarceration rate posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#37 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#73 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#74 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
Date: 12 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling

#4 on times list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877323,00.html

now #2 on the list & his wife are characterized as doing favors for ENRON (including preventing CDS gambling bets from being regulated)
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

In the wake of ENRON, congress takes up Sarbanes-Oxley claiming that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, but it requires SEC to do something (#4 on list). Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything last decade, it started doing reports of fraudulent public company financial filings (and nobody doing jailtime), even increasing after SOX goes into effect.

Less well known is Sarbanes-Oxley also required SEC to do something about the rating agencies (played major role in economic mess last decade selling triple-A ratings), but SEC appears to do as much about the rating agencies as it was doing about fraudulent financial filings.

In the congressional hearing into Madoff, they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff ... SEC hands were finally forced when Madoff turned himself in. Congress also asked him if new regulations were required. He replied that while new regulations might be required, much more important was transparency and visibility (since SEC wasn't enforcing existing regulations).

Last decade there was joke that Treasury was Goldman-Sachs branch office in Washington because it was populated by so many people from GS ... starting with SECTREAS

sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
Enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Fruadulent financial reporting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
Madoff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 12 Apr 2016 17:00:32 -0700
"J. Clarke" <j.clarke.873638@gmail.com> writes:
There isn't one because neither ever had the means to do so. The German bomber force was pathetic compared to the RAF or the Army Air Corps and the idea of strategic bombing doesn't appear to have ever occurred to the Japanese, possibly because there were no enemy centers of industry within range of any aircraft in their inventory or any that they could reasonable expect their industry to produce.

John Foster Dulles played major role in rebuilding german economy and military. When the 1943 US strategic bombing program needed German industrial and military locations, it got detailed target information and plans from wallstreet. It turns out that it had to use large number of bombs before it had any probability of hitting the target (from 5-6 miles up) even with Norden bombsights. Fire bombing cities was lot harder to miss. Also at the start of strategic bombing program, US was claiming that they didn't need any long range fighter escort ... all the money would go to building strategic bombers ... the british repeatedly told the US that the Germans had already learned that lesson in the "Battle for Britain" ... but the US insisted on learning the lesson the hard way.

Move on to Japan, part of firebombing cities was that they didn't have the industrial & military locations targets (that they had gotten for Germany from wallstreet).

strategic bombing also didn't work at all on Omaha Beach, THE EUROPEAN CAMPAIGN:ITS ORIGINS AND CONDUCT, free pdf, ebook formats:
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?PubID=1075

loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.54

... snip ...

military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#67 Downwind from Alamogordo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#62 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#92 Off topic screeds (was Re: Friden Flexowriter equipment series)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#12 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#40 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#82 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#83 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#13 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#20 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#62 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#63 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#64 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#54 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#87 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#63 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#33 The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost before they began, not on the battlefields
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#120 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#3 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#73 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Goldman and Wells Fargo FINALLY Admit They Committed Fraud

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Goldman and Wells Fargo FINALLY Admit They Committed Fraud
Date: 12 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
too big to jail

Goldman and Wells Fargo FINALLY Admit They Committed Fraud
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-12/goldman-and-wells-fargo-finally-admit-they-committed-fraud
Moreover, fraud was one of the main causes of the Great Depression and the Great Recession ... which cost tens of trillions of dollars in losses. But nothing has been done to rein in fraud today. And governments have virtually made it official policy not to prosecute fraud criminally.

... snip ...

Wells facebook thread
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10208286996468188
Goldman facebook thread
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10208303249834512

archives posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#85 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#86 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#90 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling

too big to fail, too big to jail, too big to prosecute
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Qbasic

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Qbasic
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 13 Apr 2016 07:57:01 -0700
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
President who Eviscerated Presidential Records Act Relying on His Presidential Library to Boost Legacy.
http://nsarchive.wordpress.com/2013/04/25/president-who-eviscerated-presidential-records-act-relying-on-his-presidential-library-to-boost-his-legacy/

from above:

Executive Order 13,233 was signed by President Bush on November 1, 2001, so that his White House Counsel -- not the National Archives -- could review 68,000 pages of records from the Reagan Presidential Library, and decide if the public had the right to read them. These documents included a six-page 8 December 1986 memo to the President and Director of Public Affairs entitled, "Talking Points on Iran/Contra Affairs"; a series of memos dated 22 November and 1 December 1988 for the President entitled, "Pardon for Oliver North, John Poindexter, and Joseph Fernandez"; and a two-page memo for the President from the Attorney General, "Appeal of the Decision Denying the Enforcement of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987."

... snip ...


The recent CBS 60mins report on the classified 28pages of the 9/11 report ... references that the report documents Saudi gov. officials supported the saudi 9/11 terrorists when they came to the US, providing them funds and other assistance. This has been discussed before in connection with 9/11 victim families recently finally got approval to sue the Saudi gov. for 9/11 responsibility. However, the following claims that the another reason that Bush(2) kept the 28pages classified was that it documents the close Bush family business ties with the Saudis.

REPORT: President Obama To Release 'Stunning' Classified Info Embarrassing Bush Admin Over 9/11
http://news.groopspeak.com/report-president-obama-to-release-stunning-classified-info-embarrassing-bush-admin-over-911/

If you go back further, the US was supporting Iraq in the iran/iraq war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
including supplying WMDs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war
Posts mentioning WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

then this describes a sat. photo recon analyst supplies administration with evidence that Iraq was preparing to evade Kuwait. The administration says that Iraq would do no such thing and then proceeds to discredit the analyst. Then the analyst supplies evidence that Iraq was preparing to evade saudi arabia ... now Bush(1) has to decide between Iraq and Saudi.
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

In any case, the 2nd invasion of Iraq might be considered obfuscation and misdirection away from the real responsible party.

past posts mentioning 28pages &/or suing Saudia Arabia for 9/11 responsibility
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#51 U.S. Sidelined as Iraq Becomes Bloodier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#83 NSA surveillance played little role in foiling terror plots, experts say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#99 Reducing Army Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#14 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#51 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#64 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#72 George W. Bush: Still the worst; A new study ranks Bush near the very bottom in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#27 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#73 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#78 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#54 The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#12 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#50 Iraqi WMDs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#87 Top secret "28 pages" may hold clues about Saudi support for 9/11 hijackers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Pension Funds at Risk

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Pension Funds at Risk
Date: 14 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
Recent TV spots are calling for people to protest special Bankruptcy Act 9 for Puerto Rico implying that it will include provisions allowing entities (not just municipalities) to walk away from pensions. Note that some number of corporations have organized their structure so that subsidiaries with lots of people are in different organization from subsidiary where they book the profit. The people intensive subsidiary can show a loss while the parent company shows significant profit. This has been done in some number of manufacturing and airlines. This has been used to declare bankruptcy in people intensive and dump the pensions off on US government (PBGC). They've also moved the subsidiary where they book the profit to offshore tax haven as part of tax avoidance (posterchild is heavy equipment maker that makes & delivers in the US, they created a "distributor" subsidiary in luxembourg where they sell the equipment to the luxembourg distributor at cost, which then sells to the US customer, manufacturing plant in the US still ships directly to US customer).

There are articles claiming that lobbying congress can have the highest business ROI... returns lgreater than 10,000%

AIG is just the tip of the iceberg.

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Wroth that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. Then they start paying for triple-A ratings (when the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into the role that the rating agencies played). Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents and they could start doing no-documentation, liar loans. They also no longer had to care about loan quality or borrowers qualifications and triple-A also met that they could start selling to institutions restricted to only dealing in safe investments (like large public & private pension funds, some accounts that it resulted in 30% loss in the funds and trillions shortfall in pension funds).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

They then learned that they could do securitized mortgages designed to fail, sell to their victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay-off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and says that they can't payoff at less than face value, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

Note that AIG was taking these CDS gambling bets based on their triple-A rating which had been paid for and both the sellers and rating agencies knew weren't worth triple-A.

#2 on Times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

is senator behind GLBA that repeals Glass-Steagall,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
enabling too big to fail which leads to too big to prosecute and too big to jail.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

It allows risky investment banks to merge with gov. backed depository institutions, resulting in risky investment bank activity being offloaded on tax payers. This also enables relative impunity for money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, LIBOR manipulation, commodity manipulation, tax evasion and other criminal activity. The modest size of the fines (compared to amounts involved) are jokingly being referred to just the cost of running a criminal business.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

Also around the turn of the century, when the chair of CFTC proposes regulating CDS, the chair is quickly replaced with the wife of #2, while he gets legislation passed preventing CDS regulation. This is characterized as favor to ENRON which is playing with CDS, the wife then resigns as chair of CFTC and joins ENRON board and audit committee. From the law of unintended consequences, later securitized mortgages are being designed to fail and then they are making CDS gambling bets that they would fail.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

Note that there was over $27T of these securitized instruments done 2001-2008. "Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt"
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

Also note, last decade there was joke that the dept of treasury was Goldman Sachs branch office in DC because so many in treasury had in some manner, been involved with Goldman Sachs ... starting with SECTREAS who had headed the firm.

recent reference to some of the fines for that activity:

Wall Street's Fraud of the Week Club
https://ourfuture.org/20160413/wall-streets-fraud-of-the-week-club
Translation: Goldman Sachs repeatedly sold mortgage risk to investors by claiming that it was making sure these mortgages were being written according to strict rules - even when it knew that they weren't, and that a lot of the mortgages were in fact not what they claimed.

... snip ...

Then after representation of the mortgages, it then took out CDS gambling bets, that they would fail.

Claim is that the too big to fail have been fined a total of $300B (but no cirminal prosecution) since the economic mess ... approx. one percent of the $27+T of the securitized instruments that they created. However, the $300B isn't just for the economic mess but also money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, LIBOR manipulation, commodity manipulation, robo-signing mills for documents used in fraudulent foreclosures, and other criminal activity.

recent posts mentionin Wells & Goldman Sachs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#84 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#85 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#86 Wells Fargo "Admits Deceiving" U.S. Government, Pays Record $1.2 Billion Settlement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#88 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#90 Goldman Slammed With $5.1 Billion Fine For "Serious Misconduct" In Mortgage Selling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#92 Goldman and Wells Fargo FINALLY Admit They Committed Fraud

past posts mentioning PBGC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#91 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#77 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#94 Bankruptcy a reprieve for some companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#4 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#8 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#24 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#90 Is IBM Suddenly Vulnerable To A Takeover?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#7 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#81 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#89 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#83 Qbasic - lies about Medicare

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Thanks Obama

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Thanks Obama
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 14 Apr 2016 18:55:45 -0700
Dan Espen <despen@verizon.net> writes:
Didn't know they burn too, so, from Wikipedia:

Depleted uranium is favored for the penetrator because it is self-sharpening and flammable.[31] On impact with a hard target, such as an armored vehicle, the nose of the rod fractures in such a way that it remains sharp. The impact and subsequent release of heat energy causes it to ignite.[31] When a DU penetrator reaches the interior of an armored vehicle it catches fire, often igniting ammunition and fuel, killing the crew and possibly causing the vehicle to explode.

Nasty stuff.


Burton got them down to $13/shell for desert storm ... a million shells used was $13M .... much more effective and enormously more cost/effective than much of the other stuff used ... military-industrial-complex really hated it because it was significant lower profit margin than the other stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

GAO desert storm air power effectiveness study had Iraqis walking away from the tanks because they were "sitting ducks" and so easily taken out ... last 100hrs (of 42day desert strom) was the land war and there were reports of ferocious tank battles with the Iraqis with Allies receiving no damage (but didn't mention whether Iraqi tanks had anybody home).

At a Marine Corps Univ. Boyd meeting a couple years ago, Burton said that Boyd destroyed his career when Boyd challenged Burton to do what was right ... tries to fix Bradley.
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00HXY969W/
HBO made into film
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

the guy managing Bradley got a promotion and Burton forced to retire early (he was 1st Air Force Academy graduation class and had been on fast-track to general).

boyd posts & Boyd URLs around the web.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCP/IP question on routing

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: TCP/IP question on routing
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Apr 2016 10:03:13 -0700
RPommier@SFGMEMBERS.COM (Pommier, Rex) writes:
Sorry if these are silly questions, but my brain is really foggy this morning. My questions are for validation of what I think would happen with various iterations of IPCONFIG DATAGRAMFWD.

Scenario 1, I have a single IP address on my z/OS system running to a single network segment out an OSA port. In this scenario, DATAGRAMFWD would have no effect, correct?

Scenario 2, I have 2 IP addresses, connected via 2 different OSA adapters to 2 different networks. If I have DATAGRAMFWD, when TCPIP sees a packet coming in on OSA 1 but it has a destination address of a device on network 2, TCP/IP will forward the packet out the other OSA, effectively acting like a router or gateway. If I set it to NODATAGRAMFWD, if TCP/IP sees the same packet on OSA1, it will ignore the packet rather than forwarding it. Is this how it actually works?

What I'm looking at is we have a new machine being installed that I need to be able to access from 2 different networks at different times. These two networks need to be isolated from each other and I don't want the mainframe to start acting as a router, passing packets from one to the other. Is there some other configuration setting I need to be aware of, or would the NODATAGRAMFWD be sufficient to keeping them isolated?

Yes, the safest solution would be to unplug one of the network cables, and just have 1 plugged in at a time, but the machine is about 300 miles from me.


modulo bugs in the code.

the weekend before 1988 Interop, the floor nets were crashing well into early Monday morning ... before problem was identified. As a result, new requirements were mandated in RFC1122 (RFC1122 & RFC1123 combined are official internet STD3). regarding automagically forwarding packets. ...
Any host that forwards datagrams generated by another host is acting as a gateway and MUST also meet the specifications laid out in the gateway requirements RFC [INTRO:2]. An Internet host that includes embedded gateway code MUST have a configuration switch to disable the gateway function, and this switch MUST default to the non-gateway mode. In this mode, a datagram arriving through one interface will not be forwarded to another host or gateway (unless it is source-routed), regardless of whether the host is single- homed or multihomed. The host software MUST NOT automatically move into gateway mode if the host has more than one interface, as the operator of the machine may neither want to provide that service nor be competent to do so.

... snip ...

trivia: i had hardware&demo in booth at Interop 88 ... but not in the IBM booth ... which was on the other side of the floor. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interop88

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 15 Apr 2016 10:39:27 -0700
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Nobody ever took advantage of the IBM principle of moving the letters sideways to allow a line printer to print with proportional spacing. I find that a pity.

past posts mentioning 1403 train for printing logic diagrams, letters sideways and RPQ to print across page performation. sideways printing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#59 Book on computer architecture for beginners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#0 Book on computer architecture for beginners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#82 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Intel to lay off 11% of workforce in big shift from PCs

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Intel to lay off 11% of workforce in big shift from PCs
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Apr 2016 14:54:00 -0700
Intel to lay off 11% of workforce in big shift from PCs
http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2016/04/19/intel-layoffs-12000-11/83242832/
Intel announces "evolution" away from PC industry, "up to 12,000" layoffs
http://arstechnica.com/business/2016/04/intel-announces-evolution-away-from-pc-industry-up-to-12000-firings/
Intel Confirms Major Layoff, 11 percent of Employees To Go
http://spectrum.ieee.org/view-from-the-valley/at-work/tech-careers/intel-confirms-major-layoff-11-percent-of-employees-to-go

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed?
Date: 21 Apr 2016
Blog: Facebook
Why Is the Obama Administration Trying to Keep 11,000 Documents Sealed? The "most transparent administration in history" has spent years trying to hide embarrassing financial secrets from the public
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/why-is-the-obama-administration-trying-to-keep-11-000-documents-sealed-20160418
As the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission later concluded, the GSEs were followers rather than leaders of the subprime craze. They invested far less recklessly than did the giant Wall Street firms primarily responsible for inflating the housing bubble."

... snip ...

aka, wallstreet had done over $27T 2001-2008 "Contrary to popular belief, the one thing they weren't guilty of was causing the 2008 crash.

Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child was office bldgs in Dallas/Ft.Wroth that turned out to be empty lots). In the late 90s I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. Then they start paying for triple-A ratings (when the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony into the role that the rating agencies played). Triple-A ratings trump supporting documents and they could start doing no-documentation, liar loans. They also no longer had to care about loan quality or borrowers qualifications and triple-A also met that they could start selling to institutions restricted to only dealing in safe investments (like large public & private pension funds, some accounts that it resulted in 30% loss in the funds and trillions shortfall in pension funds). The triple-A ratings largely enables wallstreet to do over $27T 2001-2008 (clearing possible $4T-$5T in fees and commissions, major factor contributing to claims that the industry tripled in size, as percent of GDP, during the economic mess).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

They then learned that they could do securitized mortgages designed to fail, sell to their victims and then take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay-off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and says that they can't payoff at less than face value, forces them to sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds is AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs is the firm formerly headed by SECTREAS.

End of 2008, the four largest too big to fail were still carrying $5.2T in these toxic assets "off-book".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Only $700B had been allocated for TARP and couldn't have come close to covering the problem ... TARP was then used for other purposes (like face-value CDS gambling bet pay-offs, which may have been original intention all along) and Federal Reserve did the real bail-out with tens of trillions in ZIRP funds and buying trillions in toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar. Federal Reserve fought long legal battle to prevent public disclosure of what they were doing. After they lost, Bernanke had press conference and said that the originally thought that the too big to fail would use ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he had no way to force them to (but that hasn't stopped the ZIRP funds). Note supposedly part of the reason for choosing Bernanke as head of Federal Researve was he was a depression era scholar; however the Federal Reserve had tried something similar then with the same results, so Bernanke should have had no expectations for something different this time.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

VP (and former director of CIA) claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
also
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
and then more recent,: Lehman's Gift To Jeb Bush For Funneling Pension Money: A $1.3 Million Consulting "Job"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-08-19/lehmans-gift-jeb-bush-funneling-pension-money-13-million-consulting-job

S&L crisis had 30,000 criminal referrals and 1,000 criminal convictions (with jailtime), unless had friends or relatives in high places.

The most recent Bush presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis, proportionally there should have been 70,000 criminal convictions (with jailtimes), so far nobody has even been charged.

From the law of unintended consequences, the largest fines (tens of billions) for the too big to fail so far (still no criminal prosecution, simply "deferred prosecution") have been for the robo-signing mills fabricating the documentation needed for foreclosures involving the no-documentation, liar loans.

Note that pressure for CRA low-income loans resulted in well under $500B done during the economic mess ... less than 2% of the over $27T in securitized loans done through wallstreet. References to the CRA low-income loans is primarily obfuscation and misdirection away from what wallstreet was up to.

Jan2009 (a decade after being asked to try and help prevent economic mess), I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall, had been scanned the fall of 2008 at Boston Public Library) with lots of internal xrefs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (references to enormous piles of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Local DC news will periodically refer to congress as Kabuki Theater (what is seen for public consumption has little to do with what really goes on). http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

These SEC Insider Emails Reveal Why No Bankers Have Gone To Jail
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-04-21/these-sec-insider-emails-reveal-why-no-bankers-have-gone-jail

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 21 Apr 2016 21:53:01 -0700
"Joe Morris" <j.c.morris@verizon.net> writes:
The 2540 wasn't just a card reader; it also had a card punch (and, as an optional feature, could use the punch side as a second reader). Additionally, the 2540 could not be directly attached to the computer's channel; it required a separate control unit (2820) - at, of course, additional cost. (Note that a 2820 could support up to three 140x printers in addition to the 2540.) The 2820 occupied about the same floor space as the 2540.

2540 had punch on one side and reader on the other side with five stackers in the middle ... two for the reader, two for the punch and middle could be used by both reader and punch.

one of my first programming jobs at the univ was class registration ... still done in the gym with tables for classes and sense mark cards ... which are then interpreted/punched. large number of card trays (about 3000 cards per tray). read card into middle stacker, validate the card information ... and if there is problem, punch a "blank" card behind it (card punch loaded with colored cards).

later problem cards can be identified in the trays by colored card punched behind it.

virtual (ios3270) green card (converted to html) reader/punch CCWs (says 3504, 3505, 3525, similar for 2540, but select three stackers)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#23

past posts mentioning 2540 stacker programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#4 1401 overlap instructions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#53 punch card editing, take 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#13 Old Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#59 Living legends
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#20 HELP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#72 ummmmm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#19 The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#49 can a program be run withour main memory?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#43 Binder REP Cards (Was: What's the linkage editor really wants?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#59 IBM System/360 DOS still going strong as Z/VSE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#71 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#1 IBM System/3 & 3277-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#77 Usefulness of bidirectional read/write?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#47 IBM 029 keypunch -- 0-8-2 overpunch -- what hex code results?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#41 Book on Poughkeepsie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#64 Reproducing Punch (513/514)--consecutive numbering, mark sense reading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#72 1130, was System/3--IBM compilers (languages) available?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#73 History: Mark-sense cards vs. plain keypunching?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#70 History of byte addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#80 Got to remembering... the really old geeks (like me) cut their teeth on Unit Record
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#8 Last card reader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#49 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#12 IEBPTPCH questions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#92 360/20, was 1132 printer history

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