List of Archived Posts

2014 Newsgroup Postings (02/05 - 02/28)

Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
Private-equity firms play major role in defense industry today
Royal Pardon For Turing
Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Royal Pardon For Turing
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
50 years of timesharing
Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
9th Feb 2014
The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
Royal Pardon For Turing
JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Broadband pricing
Royal Pardon For Turing
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Spy Chief Says Snowden Took Advantage of "Perfect Storm" of Security Lapses
F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Broadband pricing
F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr
Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story
IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
Computer Architecture Manuals - tools for writing and maintaining- state of the art?
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
How Obama Officials Cried "Terrorism" to Cover Up a Paperwork Error
Bloat
I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
Royal Pardon For Turing
Economists and our responsibilities to society
IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
Royal Pardon For Turing
assembler
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
assembler
Bloat
assembler
Bloat
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
Curious observation: lack of a simple optimization in a C program
Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
Royal Pardon For Turing
11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
IBM ACS
Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions
Reducing Army Size
Royal Pardon For Turing
How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
IBM ACS
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing
Royal Pardon For Turing

Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
Date: 05 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
http://news.usni.org/2014/01/28/navys-f-35c-completes-landing-tests-ahead-october-sea-trials

Boyd had story about original F15 design ... which he reviewed and presented and got a lot of push back from top AF. He then had a review where he asked if they liked the F111 and then did a side-by-side of the F111 and (then) F15 ... showing little or no difference. He then did lot of work to improve F15. When he was doing what became flyoff prototype/F16 ... he tells the story about F15 forces knew he was doing it and came up with story that he was using millions of dollars in unauthorized computer time. Supposedly the president of company making F15 goes to secretary of the airforce and says that Boyd needed to be prosecuted and thrown in Leavenworth for the rest of his life (for "stealing" the computer time) ... Hugh Lorie's reference in "Gun Sellers" about the lengths that MICC will go, isn't fiction. Fortunately they couldn't find any records of the computer use (and in the case of Spinney's front page time article in 1983, there was still some congressional cover ... which appears to be totally lacking these days)

One of the periodic F35 refrains was that it suffers because it was designed to have F22 fly cover for high value threats ... aka cost trade-offs made on how much stealth/capability did the F35 actually need. With F22 cancel (drastically reduced number available) ... backing them into having to overhype the actual F35 stealth and other capability (it originally wasn't designed to do everything but w/o the required F22s, they are now forced to claim it can do everything).

more on comments that F35 had cost trade-offs assuming that it had F22 flying cover:

"If we don't keep F-22 Raptor viable, the F-35 fleet will be irrelevant" Air Combat Command says
http://theaviationist.com/2014/02/04/f-35-needs-f-22-acc-says/
AIR FORCE:'If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
http://www.businessinsider.com/david-cenciotti-the-f-35-fleet-will-be-irrelevant-2014-2

posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
Date: 05 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
http://www.businessinsider.com/david-cenciotti-the-f-35-fleet-will-be-irrelevant-2014-2

this is old reference to expanding Success of Failure culture
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

I've periodically commented that beltway bandits are likely using advanced gaming theory techniques to come up with lots of problems and/or failing results in much higher revenue (optimize the maximum amount that can be skimmed from every gov. program)

Health Care Website was another beltway bandit ... local DC news periodically refers to what comes out of congress as Kabuki Theater ... all facade and misdirection ... it is not unlikely that other gov. institutions practice it also. One of the Success of Failure scenarios is that they alternate beltway bandits ... they trade-off who gets paid to fail and who comes in to replace them to supposedly fix it.

The phrase "don't leave money on the table" has become institutionalized. We've been in reviews where everybody admits that what was called for in the contract won't work but tens of millions of dollars will be paid over future years ... and they might consider doing something that would work in a future contract.

Note: price-fixing collusion has been prosecuted in cases where there wasn't explicit coordination ... but show there is a culture and pattern of activity.

Yes that would be nice, analogy is the too big to fail (also too big to prosecute and too big to jail) and the financial mess from last decade. In the oct2008 congressional hearings into the role that the rating agencies played, there was testimony that the rating agencies knew that the toxic CDOs weren't worth triple-A (but they were being paid for them anyway). A major motivation was that it allowed wallstreet to sell the triple-A rated toxic CDOs to pension plans (and other organizations) that were restricted to only deal in "safe" investments. At the time there was TV business news commentary that the rating agencies would be able to blackmail the federal gov. and avoid federal prosecution.

posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning Success Of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Private-equity firms play major role in defense industry today

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Private-equity firms play major role in defense industry today
Date: 05 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
Private-equity firms play major role in defense industry today
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/capitalbusiness/private-equity-firms-play-major-role-in-defense-industry-today/2014/01/31/c41c763e-853c-11e3-8099-9181471f7aaf_story.html

but many private-equity firms also have enormous lobbying power ... and they can get a lot of profit out of just doing a deal somewhat unrelated to what is bought/sold (old style portfolio churning) Wall Street Journal Exposes Entirely New Private Equity Tax Scam
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/wall-street-journal-exposes-entirely-new-private-equity-tax-scam.html

this is private-equity buyouts compared to "house flipping" ... the difference is the loan for the purchase stays with the company bought, as a result it is possible to sell a company for less than payed and still make enormous profit ... this claims that over half corporate defaults are companies currently or formally owned by private equity
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

... the enormous pressure to service the debt load can result in doing whatever is necessary to make money

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 05 Feb 2014 18:17:19 -0500
hancock4 writes:
But what is the American dream today?

For a kid right out of college, it is not as good as in the past. Decent cubicle jobs are hard to find, and pay/benefits are less than in the past.


An "Austrian" Bill Gross Warns: "The Days Of Getting Rich Quickly Are Over... Getting Rich Slowly May Be As Well"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-02-05/austrian-bill-gross-warns-days-getting-rich-quickly-are-over-days-getting-rich-slowl

semi-related to the above: Death of the Dollar
http://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/2014-02-05/death-dollar

and

Is Upward Mobility in America a Fantasy?
http://www.motherjones.com/media/2014/02/son-also-rises-gregory-clark-inequality-upward-mobility
The Great American Class War: Plutocracy Versus Democracy
http://billmoyers.com/2013/12/13/the-great-american-class-war-plutocracy-versus-democracy/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
Date: 06 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#104 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

I'm frequently accused of that ... a person can't understand what is going on with one sentence reply. There is nothing obviously wrong in the article but it is mostly obfuscation and misdirection. What saved IBM wasn't the things that were mentioned.

New Video: The Jet that Ate the Pentagon
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2014/02/new-video-the-jet-that-ate-the-pentagon.html
F-35 Bad Deal
http://f35baddeal.com/

more DOD

An Open Letter to Appropriators in Congress: End the Budget Gimmicks and Cut the Pentagon's Slush Fund
http://www.pogo.org/our-work/letters/2014/an-open-letter-to-congress-end-the-budget-gimmicks.html
Half-wit think-tanks pollute the 2015 DOD budget process
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/half-wit-think-tanks-pollute-2015-dod.html
The Think Tanks Have Spoken
http://www.informationdissemination.net/2014/02/the-think-tanks-have-spoken.html

military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Feb 2014 09:29:06 -0500
Lon <lon.stowell@comcast.net> writes:
The Spectra/70 series could use either ASCII or EBCDIC internally [and I'm reasonably certain so could the 360s of the era]. It could also emulate older character sets if needed.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

360 was supposed to have been ascii machine ... but ... periodically referenced: EBCDIC and the P-Bit, The Biggest Computer Goof Ever
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere.

... snip ...

by the father of ASCII
http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
his history index
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#26 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#27 Origins of EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#39 Mainframe Utility for EBCDIC to ASCII conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#41 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#63 CAPS Fantasia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#4 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#65 They've changed the keyboard layout _again_
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#9 Typewriter vs. Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#67 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#6 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#45 HP getting out of computer biz
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#23 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#5 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#52 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#56 Reduced Symbol Set Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#56 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#72 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#3 Ported Tools - Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#33 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#35 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Feb 2014 10:10:04 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
The first computer I had the opportunity to use was a PDP-8/e, apparently with CINET BASIC.

Even such a tiny computer, with an ASR 33 Teletype added, can execute real programs and do lots of delightful things.

It reminds us we're not properly grateful for the amazing computers we have now; also, it's somewhat hard to find the software to put them to proper use, Windows no longer coming with BASIC.

However, there's Hercules, there's D6.0a of MTS, which even comes with very nice compilers and interpreters. I really must see if I can get that running.


more thread drift ... MTS with PDP8 as data concentrator
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
more MTS
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

trivia ... cp67 was installed at univ in jan68 with terminal support for 1052 & 2741 ... the univ. had some tty/ascii terminals ... so I added tty/ascii terminal support to cp67 ... in the process trying to make the 2702 terminal controller do something it couldn't quite do. somewhat as a result the univ started clone controller effort ... reverse engineer 360/67 channel interface and build channel interface board for interdata/3 programmed to emulate 2702. interdata starts marketing as clone controller and it evolves into a interdata/4 handling the channel interface and cluster of interdata/3s handling line scanners. misc. past posts (later perkin-elmer buys interdata ... and it is marketed under the perkin-elmer logo)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Feb 2014 10:20:33 -0500
Lon <lon.stowell@comcast.net> writes:
The only reason I recall ASCII is that there was a bit used to indicate ebcdic/ascii, and that bit was re-used for something else, giving a true 32 bit interface. XA?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

360/67 had both 32bit virtual addressing and the ascii p-bit (as well as multiprocessor channel director where all processors could address all channels).
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/funcChar/GA27-2719-2_360-67_funcChar.pdf

pg.15, bit4 24/32-bit mode, bit5 translation mode, bit12 ascii mode

3081 more than decade later introduced "xa-mode" and 31-bit addressing. later psw formats ... bit12/ascii becoming extended mode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/gcard.html#5

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Feb 2014 15:05:08 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Speculative pricing has entered the electric power industry, where it didn't used to exist. Now it will hurt people:
http://www.philly.com/philly/business/consumer_news/20140204_Extreme_cold_in_January_could_shock_some_energy_customers.html


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#87 Roayl Pardon For Turing

Griftopia ... past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

has chapter on CFTC that it use to require significant position in the commodity to play, because (pure) speculators caused wild, irrational price swings ... then there werer 19 secret letters allowing specific specific speculators to play ... which resulted in wild, irrational price swings ... including the huge spike in oil over $100 the summer of 2008 (with corresponding large spike in gas prices).

then a member of congress released transaction data showing speculators causing wild, irrational price swings, and the huge spike in oil over $100 the summer of 2008. the press then was mostly about criticising the member of congress for making the transaction data public.

big issue is that speculators are now mostly making bets on change in price ... so they promote a lot of volitility as well as prodding prices to go in the direction they are betting (long past the days were speculators were viewed as helping provide liquidity), nearly anything these days not just commodities but also equities and anything else they can make a bet on and manipulate things in the direction they want

they played this with creating toxic CDOs designed to fail, paying rating agencies for triple-A rating, selling to their customers and making CDS bets they would fail. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

and latest are claims their manipulation of precious metals and currency much worse than libor
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-01-16/metals-currency-rigging-worse-than-libor-bafin-s-koenig-says.html

libor posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 06 Feb 2014 23:22:45 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
That's the term used by the _US DoJ_ in their own complaints about our stupid drug laws and unjust mass imprisonment.

its now big business with prison-industrial complex
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison%E2%80%93industrial_complex

recent PIC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#37 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#52 What Makes a substance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#34 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

aka similar but different to military-industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

old article from last century
http://www.theatlantic.com/past/issues/98dec/prisons.htm

in supporting the prison-industrial complex, US incarceration rate has increased to the highest in the world
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_incarceration_rate
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incarceration_in_the_United_States
http://www.ibtimes.com/prisoners-100000-us-has-highest-incarceration-rate-world-chart-1384305
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/13/incarceration-rate-per-capita_n_3745291.html

laws furthering the prison industrial complex
http://www.thenation.com/article/162478/hidden-history-alec-and-prison-labor
http://www.infowars.com/the-prison-industrial-complex-the-economics-of-incarceration-in-the-usa/

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Feb 2014 10:04:52 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing

recent report/update on prison-industrial complex
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/21694-shocking-facts-about-americas-for-profit-prison-industry

i didn't catch the reference but something went by quickly this morning on tv business news about for-profit prisons dumping their prisoners into the federal affordable care act.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Feb 2014 10:57:45 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
dates back to at least the "banana republics" stories and US imperialism in the 1800s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_republic


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

just started reading
http://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/

so their family had secretary of states, originated the business of representing corporations on capital hill (lobbying), working for law firm that is representing corporate clients and uncle at time secretary of state ... and orchistrate sending in US military into banana republics on behalf of corporate clients. loc415-19:
He decided to send an envoy on a secret trip to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama to enlist the support of their leaders--and who better than his twenty-nine-year-old nephew? Sullivan & Cromwell had played a key role in creating the Republic of Panama and building the Panama Canal, and it was legal counsel to the Panamanian regime. Questions about the conflict of interest inherent in sending a private lawyer on a diplomatic mission to a region where his clients had deep financial interests--and where one of the governments with which he was to negotiate was also his client--were subsumed by family ties, and Foster was duly appointed.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Feb 2014 15:17:53 -0500
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
I remember my father complaining in the 1970s that cars were being made very badly and that not so long ago you could expect a car to last ten years or more. Looking around now there are a *lot* of cars on the road that are ten or more years old and many of them are pretty close to as good

there was law of unintended consequencies. foreign auto import quotas was to give us makers enormous increase in profits (supposedly to completely remake themselves) ... which allowed US auto makers to nearly double price of cars over few short years. The problem was with the big increase in price ... they had to move from 3yr loans to 5&6year loans .... however, to get 6year loans there had to be warranties for that long ... but because of the poor quality ... it really drove up warranty costs.

they had the example of foreign competition making significantly better autos ... but they now also had big issue of warranty costs forcing them also into improving quality.

which took a long time ... and in the mean time (as frequently) mentioned ... while the significant increase in profits was to completely remake themselves ... they just pocketed the money and mostly continued business as usual ... which also resulted in the call for 100% unearned profit tax on the us auto industry.

past posts mentioning call for 100% unearned profit tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#41 Reason Japanese cars are assembled in the US (was Re: American bigotry)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#52 The SOB that helped IT jobs move to India is dead!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#22 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#2 Internet today -- what's left for hobbiests
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#23 auto industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#14 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#17 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#20 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#49 The Pankian Metaphor (redux)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#33 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#72 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#88 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#11 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#24 IBM Unionization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#28 As Expected, Ford Falls From 2nd Place in U.S. Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#39 competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#84 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#77 Tell me why the taxpayer should be saving GM and Chrysler (and Ford) managers & shareholders at this stage of the game?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#22 Is Pride going to decimate the auto Industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#63 Have you told your Congressman how to VOTE on the auto bailout?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#18 What next? from where would the Banks be hit?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#57 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#20 What is the real basis for business mess we are facing today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#2 China-US Insights on the Future of the Auto Industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#75 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#23 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#21 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#34 Boyd's Reading List Revisited
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#35 The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#73 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#65 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#81 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#86 PDCA vs. OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#52 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#22 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#26 Why Can't America Catch UP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#40 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#54 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#78 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#77 Vampire Squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#88 Defense acquisitions are broken and no one cares
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#70 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#24 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#12 First Battle: Operation Starlite and the Beginning of the Blood Debt in Vietnam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#61 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#1 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#79 As an IBM'er just like the Marines only a few good men and women make the cut,
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#94 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#40 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#0 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#46 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Feb 2014 15:20:57 -0500
"Charlie Gibbs" <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
As much as I love to indulge in conspiracy theories, I don't think this was happening here. In the IBM world, ASCII was hardly even on the radar.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#7 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

as periodic mentioned ascii was in large part IBM invention and 360 originally was supposed to be ascii

360 was supposed to have been ascii machine ... but ... periodically referenced: EBCDIC and the P-Bit, The Biggest Computer Goof Ever
http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM
The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere.

... snip ...

by the father of ASCII
http://www.bobbemer.com/FATHEROF.HTM
his history index
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Feb 2014 15:45:05 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Translasting character sets is not a big deal and was done in the 1950s. IBM tab machines converted between Hollerith and Baudot, for instance. I believe S/360 supported time sharing services which used Teletypes, not Selectric terminals.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#7 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

x-over from pdp-8/e and thread drift
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#6 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?

about doing clone controller. The 2702 had SAD command that allowed line-scanner to be switched for each port. The base cp67 terminal support did dynamic terminal type identification and switched between 1052 & 2741 line-scanner. when I added the tty/ascii support i extended the dynamic terminal type identification to include tty/ascii ... in theory being able to do any type of terminal on any port. I wanted to have single dialup phone number (in telco "hunt group") for all terminals. It turns out that 2702 had taken short cut and hard-wired line speed for each port ... while it was possible to change the line-scanner on each port ... it wasn't possible to change the line-speed.

the interdata effort included the ability to do dynamic line-speed.

one of the first hardware problem was that the channel interface card held the channel interface (and therefor the memory bus) for too long. 360/67 had 13+microsecond timer tic that updated real storage ... if the memory bus was busy timer update would hold off until the memory bus was available ... unless the timer tic'ed again ... and then it would generate a "red light" hardware fault.

one of the next problems was it appeared that garbage was being transmitted from tty terminal through the interdata into main processor storage. there was slip up and overlooked the fact that the 2702 line scanners loaded leading bit into low bit position in a byte ... so data was transmitted to 360 mainframe "bit-reversed" in a byte. mainframe "translate" tables would convert data back&forth between ebcdic and terminal representation. initially, interdata was stuff leading bit in high bit position in byte ... so data was coming into 360 memory in ascii format ... but was being garbled by the translate table that was assuming it was bit-reversed ascii.

past posts mentioning terminal clone controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

50 years of timesharing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 50 years of timesharing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 07 Feb 2014 18:49:55 -0500
cb@bobby.df.lth.se (Christian Brunschen) writes:
It seems to be more like 53 years, than 50 years. At least according to Wikipedia <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time-sharing#History> :

"The concept was first described publicly in early 1957 by Bob Bemer as part of an article in Automatic Control Magazine. The first project to implement a time-sharing system was initiated by John McCarthy in late 1957, on a modified IBM 704, and later on an additionally modified IBM 7090 computer. Although he left to work on Project MAC and other projects, one of the results of the project, known as the Compatible Time-Sharing System or CTSS, was demonstrated in November 1961. CTSS has a good claim to be the first time-sharing system and remained in use until 1973. Another contender for the first demonstrated time-sharing system was PLATO II, created by Donald Bitzer at a public demonstration at Robert Allerton Park near the University of Illinois in early 1961. Bitzer has long said that the PLATO project would have gotten the patent on time-sharing if only the University of Illinois had known how to process patent applications faster, but at the time university patents were so few and far between, they took a long time to be submitted. The first commercially successful time-sharing system was the Dartmouth Time Sharing System."

There's also the "Compatible Time-Sharing System (1961-1973): Fiftieth Anniversary Commemorative Overview" from 2011:
http://www.multicians.org/thvv/compatible-time-sharing-system.pdf


Bemer's "Origins of Timesharing"
http://www.bobbemer.com/TIMESHAR.HTM

Bemer's index of computer history articles
http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM

other recent posts mentioning Bemer's pages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says
Date: 07 Feb 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Precious Metals Manipulation Worse Than Libor Scandal, German Regulator Says
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-16/precious-metals-manipulation-worse-libor-german-regulator-says

Metals, Currency Rigging Worse Than Libor, Bafin Chief Says
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-01-16/metals-currency-rigging-worse-than-libor-bafin-s-koenig-says.html

post mentioning libor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

Fed may restrict bank ownership of commodities
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2014/01/14/214504/fed-may-restrict-bank-ownership.html
Federal Reserve May Continue To Promote Wall Street's Expansion Into Commodities
http://news.firedoglake.com/2014/01/14/federal-reserve-may-continue-to-promote-wall-streets-expansion-into-commodities/
Are Banks About to Win on Commodities Trading After Their Success in Watering Down Basel III Capital Rules?
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/01/banks-win-commodities-trading-success-watering-basel-iii-capital-rules.html

Griftopia has chapter that CFTC had rule that only allowed players with positions in the commodity to play because speculators result in wild, irrational price swings. Then 19 "secret" letters were sent that allowed 19 (mostly bank) speculators to play ... the result included the wild spike in oil over $100 the summer of 2008. Later a senator released transaction data showing that the speculators were behind the wild spike in oil over $100 the summer of 2008. Most of the main stream press instead of lauding the senator for releasing the transaction data, heavily criticized him.

posts mentioning Griftopia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

German Gold Manipulation Blowback Escalates: Deutsche Bank Exits Gold Price Fixing
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-17/german-gold-manipulation-blowback-escalates-deutsche-bank-exits-gold-price-fixing
Sprott: "Manipulation Of Gold By Central Banks Cannot Continue In 2014"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-17/sprott-manipulation-gold-central-banks-cannot-continue-2014

and now market&currency manipulation:

This Is The Greatest Financial Market And Currency Manipulation Of All Times
http://goldsilverworlds.com/money-currency/this-is-the-greatest-financial-market-and-currency-manipulation-of-all-times/

Who isn;t probing banks' alleged currency rigging?
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-26058651

The financial rot just keeps getting worse -- FX is FuXed, the Old Lady's in on the FiX, and the fight against the devil volatility goes on?
http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/0014a74.html
Bank of England faces scrutiny over forex
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/f0c38c5a-8fea-11e3-aee9-00144feab7de,Authorised=false.html?_i_location=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2Ff0c38c5a-8fea-11e3-aee9-00144feab7de.html%3Fsiteedition%3Duk&siteedition=uk&_i_referer=
BOE Staff Said to Have Condoned Currency Traders' Conduct
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-07/boe-staff-said-to-have-condoned-currency-traders-conduct.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Feb 2014 13:37:21 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
Getting people reliable access to health care is not a "waste", and none of Obama's programs have cost "trillions" anyway; you must be thinking of the trillions Dubya spent on unfunded tax cuts for the rich, unfunded corporate welfare for pharmaceutical companies and unfunded corporate welfare for defense contractors, not to mention creating a recession.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing

note it all depends on how the spin is put on things

tv business news explained million workers (not jobs) being able to leave workforce were babyboomers that otherwise couldn't afford to retire because of the cost of health care. with affordable health care they could retire ... and their jobs could be taken by younger workers.

posts mentioning the $12T budget gap created by congress by 2010 after allowing fiscal responsibility act to expire in 2002 (required spending couldn't exceed revenue)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act

it was in large part the same (republican) party both responsible for the act and also allowing it to expire last decade. the big difference was that last decade the party dominated by those wanting the huge amount of money from special interests for both the tax loopholes (reduce revenue by $6T) and subsidies and bailouts (increase spending by $6T) that results in the $12T budget gap by 2010 (and the after effects continuing disastrous impact on federal debt).

the fundamental flaw in the current health care system is that it provides much worse care & health results for much higher cost than any other first world country. From one facet the enormous cost of health care appears to be a benefit in terms to adding to the national GDP. From another facet trillions are going to line a few pockets contributing little national benefit.

little cross-over, private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

is also doing their part to contribute to the health care mess (part of skimming their trillions)

Outsourcing as an element of the private equity model
http://runningahospital.blogspot.com/2013/12/outsourcing-as-element-of-private.html

and

Wall Street Journal Exposes Entirely New Private Equity Tax Scam
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/wall-street-journal-exposes-entirely-new-private-equity-tax-scam.html
IRS Wakes Up to Private Equity Scam
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/irs-wakes-up-to-private-equity-scam.html

an analysis of general private equity strategy of plundering everything they can (sort of like Sherman's scorched earth)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

what they can't liberate other ways, they borrow and then put the loan on the company's books ... over half the corporate defaults were companies currently or formally owned by private equity.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Feb 2014 16:04:42 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
note it all depends on how the spin is put on things

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing

this also gets into some detail about conveniently confusing "jobs" & "workers" and spinning the news "Latest Health Care Flap Shows Media at its Most Boring"
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/latest-health-care-flap-shows-media-at-its-most-boring-20140206

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 08 Feb 2014 17:40:35 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

also facebook:
https://www.facebook.com/lynn.wheeler/posts/10202499043692986

my wife's father was command of 1154th combat engineering group, towards the end out in front of other units and frequently ranking officer and acquired quite a collection of officer daggers in surrenders (all ww2/german stuff stolen in burglery a number of yrs ago) ... from his status reports I found in National Archives:

On 28 Apr we were put in D/S of the 13th Armd and 80th Inf Divs and G/S Corps Opns. The night of the 28-29 April we cross the DANUBE River and the next day we set-up our OP in SCHLOSS PUCHHOF (vic PUCHOFF); an extensive structure remarkable for the depth of its carpets, the height of its rooms, the profusion of its game, the superiority of its plumbing and the fact that it had been owned by the original financial backer of the NAZIS, Fritz Thyssen. Herr Thyssen was not at home.

Forward from the DANUBE the enemy had been very active, and an intact bridge was never seen except by air reconnaissance. Maintenance of roads and bypasses went on and 29 April we began constructing 835' of M-2 Tdwy Br, plus a plank road approach over the ISAR River at PLATTLING. Construction was completed at 1900 on the 30th. For the month of April we had suffered no casualties of any kind and Die Gotterdamerung was falling, the last days of the once mighty WHERMACHT.


... snip ...

the account of Foster Dulles would have him giving Thyssen run for it in financial dealings supporting Hitler & Nazis ("first and only thing Dulles brothers seriously disagreed").

after end of ETO hostilities my wife's father turned down a district command in Germany. I've suspected it was (reaction to) having liberated some camps. Eventually he was sent to china as adviser to generalissimo (took the family with him to nanking).

past posts mentioning 1154th:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#66 They always think we don't understand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#10 OODA in highly stochastic environments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#52 An elusive command philosophy and a different command culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#25 You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#51 How would you succinctly desribe maneuver warfare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#11 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#16 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#54 Singer Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#60 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#35 What Makes sorting so cool?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#41 Royal Pardon For Turing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

9th Feb 2014

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 9th Feb 2014
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Feb 2014 08:54:45 -0500
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
A few years later IBM "stuffed up" equally thoroughly when they tried to compete against the clone makers with the PS/2. The only thing that lasted from that debacle was the mouse and keyboard connector and USB eventually killed even that.

I would harass the PS2 division by posting clone quantity 1 prices from sunday sjmn on the internal network ... old post with pieces of post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)

at the time there was an internal joke that they lost $5 on every ps2 sold, but they were going to make it up in volume. the head of ps2 at the time had come over from the mainframe division (long ago and far away he had con'ed my wife into coming over from the JES2 group to be responsible for loosely-couple architecture ... aka mainframe for cluster). He then contracted with dataquest (since bought by gartner) to do a study of where PCs were going .. including a video taped roundtable of silicon valley experts. I knew the person at dataquest and they asked if I would be part of the roundtable ... I cleared it with my management ... and dataquest managed to garble who I was so it wasn't glaringly obvious to the PS2 people who I was. past posts mentioning the dataquest study
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#55 Moore law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#34 Two subjects: 64-bit OS2/eCs, Innotek Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#21 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#81 IBM to the PCM market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#0 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#60 more on (the new 40+ yr old) virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#5 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#6 Houses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#69 Intel's Future is integrated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#62 How long before Microsoft goes the way of DEC (and in part, IBM)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#78 SLIGHTLY OT - Home Computer of the Future (not IBM)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#44 Slackware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 09 Feb 2014 14:40:10 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
1984 was just the beginning of new theme which was called distributed processing. PCs were still toys and designed to run a single job. That is not distributed processing.

we get LANs and client/server ... evolving also into distributed processing.

San Jose disk division had client/server LAN project called DataHub with a lot of software being implemented under work for hire contract by a operation in Provo. The project gets shutdown and the operation in Provo is allowed to retain rights to the software they had been doing. Shortly afterwards a new client/server LAN company appears in Provo (starts with letter "N"). past reference to DataHub presentation at corporate adtech conference I sponsored the spring of 1982
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#4a John Hartmann's Birthday Party

Later another IBM group in Palo Alto is working with Berkeley's on some BSD unix stuff and UCLA's Locus UNIX work-alike (ported to Series/1 and 386 machines). Initially they were doing a BSD port to IBM mainframe ... but that gets retargeted to PC/RT and comes out as "AOS" (alternative to AIX). They eventually port Locus to mainframe and 386 and it comes out as the combination aix/370 and aix/386 products (locus can do network files, file caching, and partial file caching, also distributed execution, non-distributive process migration across network ... in some cases between dissimilar architectures).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOCUS_%28operating_system%29

OSF/1
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Software_Foundation
has some of CMU's AFS network filesystem with some influence from Locus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_File_System

middle to late 80s my wife is co-author of response to a large government request for distributed computing environment ... where 3-tier network architecture is included. We then are out do customer executive presentations on 3-tier ... and taking lots of *barbs* from the communication group which are trying to protect their low-speed, dumb terminal paradigm and install base. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

in parallel we had also been working with NSF and their supercomputer centers ... we were suppose to get $20m to tie together the centers. Congress then cuts the budget and several other things happen, and eventually NSF releases an RFP. Internal politics prevents us from bidding, the director of NSF tries to help by writing the company a letter, but that just makes the internal politics worse.

With regional networks connecting, this evolves into the NSFNET backbone which becomes the basis for the modern internet.
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

other references to datahub
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#40 No more innovation? Get serious
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#19 When will IBM buy Sun?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#79 Coulda, Woulda, Shoudda moments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#33 Over-the-shoulder effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#26 MP cost effectiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#13 Alpha performance, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#16 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#23 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#9 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#36 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#39 Token-ring vs Ethernet - 10 years later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#31 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#17 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#49 How difficult would it be for a SYSPROG ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#21 The Development of the Vital IBM PC in Spite of the Corporate Culture of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#86 The Unexpected Fact about the First Computer Programmer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#35 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#53 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#8 MAINFRAME Training with IBM Certification and JOB GUARANTEE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#36 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#68 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#58 When did "client server" become part of the language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#15 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#3 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#59 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#18 John R. Opel, RIP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#4 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#27 Ethernet at 40: Its daddy reveals its turbulent youth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
Date: 10 Feb 2014
Blog: IBMers
US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.finextra.com/news/fullstory.aspx?NewsItemID=25692

A big market for IBM mainframes has been legacy overnight batch settlement. There were numerous failed efforts in the 90s to move to striaght-through processing (and off mainframes and legacy overnight batch settlement). This may put another nail in overnight batch settlement ... provide a lot more pressure for move to straight-through processing

sort of the leading edge of distributed computing tsunami was 4341s ... cost/performance was dropping through some threshold and 4341 had significantly reduced environmental footprint ... large corporations were ordering them hundreds at a time and putting them out into departmental areas. Inside IBM, so many went into departmental conference rooms that conference rooms started to become scarce commodity. Also, clusters of 4341 were less expensive than 3033s, had higher aggregate throughput, more memory, more I/O and lower space and environmental requirements. Issue got to the point that the head of POK (large mainframes) got the internal allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component cut in half. some old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

The original sql/relational was system/r (done on vm370 370/145 at san jose research) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/submain.html#systemr
... this is old email about BofA had deployed 60 4341s (with system/r) and needed help with distributed computing support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email800311b

later we were working with NSF and their supercomputer centers and were suppose to get $20M to connect the NSF supercomputers centers. Then congress cut the budget and a few other things happen ... and they finally release RFP. Internal politics prevent us from bidding, director of NSF tries to help by writing a letter to the corporation (copying the CEO), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

The regional networks connect to these centers and it evolves into the NSFNET backbone ... which becomes the basis for the modern internet. Reference to it also the basis for GRID and cloud computing
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

at the time, the communication group had an internal misinformation campaign claiming that NSFNET backbone could be run over SNA/VTAM. Somebody forwarded a collection of their emails to us ... heavily snipped and redacted (to protect the guilty):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

Note that IBM has had a base list price for a e5-2600 blade of $1815 which have processor ratings of 400-600 BIPS ($3-$4/BIPS). Large cloud megadatacenters have clamed for a decade or more that they assemble their own servers from 1/3rd the cost of brand name ($1/BIPS). Recently server chip makers have claimed they ship more server chips to large cloud megadatacenters than to brand name vendors (possibly contributing to IBM's decision to sell off their server business). By comparison, max configured z196 with 80 processors goes for $28M and has rating of 50BIPS ($560,000/BIPS). IBM financials says that mainframe group earns total of $6.25 for every $1 in processor sales ... bringing it to $3.5M/BIPS (compared to $1/BIPS by large cloud megadatacenters).

In 1980, I was asked to do channel extender for STL that was moving 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg. Part of this was playing games with channel program to significantly reduce the latency to the remote location (significantly improving throughput). In 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they have which morphs into fibre-channel standard. Later some POK channel engineers layer some heavy-weight protocol on FCS that drastically cuts the native throughput which morphs into FICON. Peak z196 I/O benchmarks has it doing 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (layered on top of 104 FCS). Also, peak is 2.2M SSCH/sec with all system assist processors running 100% busy, however recommendation is keeping SAPs to 70% or 1.5M SSCH/sec. By comparison a new FCS was announced for e5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS has higher throughput than peak z196 I/O benchmark with 104 FICON).

posts mentioning FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

past posts mentioning overnight batch processing and straight-through processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#40 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#31 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#15 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#3 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#5 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#19 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#44 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#61 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#19 Education ranking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#27 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#64 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#69 Controlling COBOL DDs named SYSOUT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#72 whats the world going to do when all the baby boomers retire
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#81 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#3 on-demand computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#74 Too much change opens up financial fault lines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#30 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#31 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#87 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#89 Berkeley researcher describes parallel path
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#55 performance of hardware dynamic scheduling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#50 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#56 Long running Batch programs keep IMS databases offline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#26 What is the biggest IT myth of all time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#30 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#35 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technolgies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#7 If you had a massively parallel computing architecture, what unsolved problem would you set out to solve?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#87 Cleaning Up Spaghetti Code vs. Getting Rid of It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#43 Business process re-engineering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#14 Legacy clearing threat to OTC derivatives warns State Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#1 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#2 z/Journal Does it Again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#21 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#23 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX? (Are settlements a good argument for overnight batch COBOL ?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#57 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#81 A Faster Way to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#81 big iron mainframe vs. x86 servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#67 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#68 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#77 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#16 How long for IBM System/360 architecture and its descendants?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#8 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#37 16:32 far pointers in OpenWatcom C/C++
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#47 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#41 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#3 Assembler programs was Re: Delete all members of a PDS that is allocated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#14 Age
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#37 A Bright Future for Big Iron?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#42 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#15 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#91 Mainframe Fresher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#93 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#1 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#52 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#23 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#8 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#12 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#49 US payments system failing to meet the needs of the digital economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#0 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#24 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#36 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#31 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#47 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#42 COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#50 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#42 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#80 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Feb 2014 11:44:52 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#12 Royal Pardon For Turing

James Surowiecki Promotes Myth of Consumer Empowerment in the Face of the Crappification of Almost Everything
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/james-surowiecki-promotes-myth-consumer-empowerment-face-crappification-almost-everything.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
Date: 10 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Alumni
IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed
http://www.cringely.com/2014/01/23/ibm-sells-intel-server-business-company-doomed/

note that most stuff has been whatever boosts executive compensation: Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
from this recent book about lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

Note part of the issue was the communication group. Late 80s, a senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at an annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference supposedly on 3174 performance but opened the talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had strategic ownership for everything that crossed datacenter walls and were strangling datacenters trying to protect their slow-speed, dumb terminal paradigm and install base ... fighting off distributed computing and client/server. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with several solutions that were constantly vetoed by the communication group. A few short years later the company goes into the red and the disk division is now no more. some past posts about communication group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

Note corporate america top executives have developed a tradition of doing everything to maximize their personal benefit as they are retiring. There is the case from a few years ago of the CFO at a us auto maker cutting a deal to sell off their most profitable operation his last year before retirement (because his bonus was a percent of the sale). Stockman's book has a lot of focus about top executives doing everything possible in their own interest as they are going out the door.

Remember, IBM had been restructured into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for splitting up the company ... this was before the board brought in Gerstner to resurrect the company and reverse the breakup. At this rate, it may come to the same thing ... just took a little longer. posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

from recent discussion thread on PS2 in a.f.c. I would harass the PS2 division by posting clone quantity 1 prices from sunday sjmn on the internal network ... old post with some of those prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#82

at the time there was an internal joke that they lost $5 on every ps2 sold, but they were going to make it up in volume. the head of ps2 at the time had come over from the mainframe division (long ago and far away he had con'ed my wife into coming over from the JES2 group to be responsible for loosely-couple architecture ... aka mainframe for cluster). He then contracted with dataquest (since bought by gartner) to do a study of where PCs were going .. including a video taped roundtable of silicon valley exports. I knew the person at dataquest and they asked if I would be part of the roundtable ... I cleared it with my management ... and dataquest managed to garble who I was so it wasn't glaringly obvious to the PS2 people.

stinking Corporate Revenues, Desperately Doctored Earnings-Per-Share
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/wolf-richter-stinking-corporate-revenues-desperately-doctored-earnings-per-share.html

from above
And that's before you get to all the other games public companies have been playing: lowering earnings guidance so they can claim to beat the easier targets, the reliance on accounting tricks (reader Scott pointed out that when IBM, famous for strained accounting to maintain earnings growth, couldn't maintain the momentum, you knew that the economy was weaker than the cheerleaders wanted you to believe) and for many supposedly industrial companies, the use of Treasury as a profit center (for Toyota and other major manufacturers, we noted in ECONNED that financial operations accounted for roughly 25% of earnings. It's hard to imagine that the financialization of large corporations has done anything but increase).

... snip ...

and from upthread:

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

other recent posts mentioning stock buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#14 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#16 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#25 IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#48 IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#79 Shocking news: Execs do what they're paid to do
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#101 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#104 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Feb 2014 13:30:05 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#18 Royal Pardon For Turing

reign in US's exploding health care costs

America's Make-Work Sectors (Healthcare & Higher Education) Have Run Out of Oxygen
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-02-10/americas-make-work-sectors-healthcare-higher-education-have-run-out-oxygen

also reference to higher education. quiet a bit has been written on how wallstreet got congress to make the student loans exempt from bankruptcy laws ... then wallstreet and higher education went on binge ... with higher education rapidly increasing fees and non-teaching staff.

Elizabeth Warren Urges Bankruptcy Option for Private Student Loans
https://www.ringoffireradio.com/2013/09/elizabeth-warren-urges-bankruptcy-option-for-private-student-loans/
How A Private Company Stacked The Deck Against Student Loan Debtors
http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2014/01/02/3113801/student-loans-private-company-bankruptcy/
Sallie Mae Student Loans -- The Heart of the Crisis
http://www.studentdebtrelief.us/uncategorized/sallie-mae-student-loans-the-heart-of-the-crisis/
Five proposals to solve $1 trillion college loan crisis
http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/money/perfi/college/story/2012-05-21/solutions-to-student-loan-crisis/55117944/1

now some of this somewhat overlaps the prison-industrial complex. in theory while debtors prison aren't allowed in the US ... special interests came with legislation that called it something else

As economy flails, debtors' prisons thrive
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/as-economy-flails-debtors-prisons-thrive/
Debtors Prisons
https://www.aclu.org/blog/tag/debtors-prisons
Debtors Prison
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tag/debtors-prison

Debtors' prison
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debtors%27_prison

from above:
While the United States no longer has brick and mortar debtors' prisons, or "gaols for debtors" of private debts, the term "debtor's prison" in modern times sometimes refers to the practice of imprisoning indigent debtors for matters related to a fee imposed in criminal judgments[8][31] with more than a third of U.S. states routinely flouting federal regulations against the imprisonment of debtors for inability to pay legal fines.[32][33] To what extent a debtor will actually be prosecuted varies from state to state.[4] This modern use of the term debtors' prison arguably has its start with precedent rulings in 1970, 1971 and 1983 by the U.S. Supreme Court,[5][34] and passage of the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"
Date: 10 Feb 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/jDzLHbXBoRF

JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-02-10/jpmorgan-sued-crony-justice-presenting-decade-illegal-conduct-jp-morgan-chase

from above:
Did we mention that nobody from JPM has gone to prison, and instead as of late last week, one of the biggest JPM culprits was set to become a member of the CFTC's advisory panel before the people and not the regulators, were forced to step in? Why?

... snip ...

Better Markets sues Justice Department over JPMorgan settlement
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/10/us-lawsuit-justice-jpmorgan-idUSBREA191ET20140210
JPMorgan's Masters Said to Quit CFTC Panel After One Day
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-07/jpmorgan-s-masters-said-to-withdraw-from-cftc-advisory-panel.html
Eric Holder: Some Banks Are So Large That It Is Difficult For Us To Prosecute Them
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-03-06/eric-holder-some-banks-are-so-large-it-difficult-us-prosecute-them

posts mentioning too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 10 Feb 2014 16:37:12 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#18 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#25 Royal Pardon For Turing

Congress twists the relevant facts on purpose; Commentary: lawmakers deliberately distorted a recent Congressional Budget Office report
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2014/02/10/14219/congress-twists-relevant-facts-purpose

from above:
The CBO never suggested that those jobs would be "lost" or that hundreds of thousands or millions of people would be laid off because of Obamacare. Rather, the law is expected to reduce the labor participation rate, meaning that many people will choose of their own free will not to stay in jobs because they need the health insurance.

... snip ...

for other drift, after the fiscal responsibility act was allowed to expire in 2002
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
the first major legislation was medicare part-d which has been characterized as a long-term $40T gift to the pharmaceutical industry that comes to swamp all other budget items. cbs 60mins did an expose on the legislation process ... after it passes, the primary 18 individuals responsible resign and are on drug industry payroll
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d
one of the reasons that comptroller general started making references to nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmatic (for how they were savaging the budget process)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

and for the fun of it

JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-02-10/jpmorgan-sued-crony-justice-presenting-decade-illegal-conduct-jp-morgan-chase

from above:
Did we mention that nobody from JPM has gone to prison, and instead as of late last week, one of the biggest JPM culprits was set to become a member of the CFTC's advisory panel before the people and not the regulators, were forced to step in? Why?

... snip ...

Better Markets sues Justice Department over JPMorgan settlement
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/10/us-lawsuit-justice-jpmorgan-idUSBREA191ET20140210
JPMorgan's Masters Said to Quit CFTC Panel After One Day
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-07/jpmorgan-s-masters-said-to-withdraw-from-cftc-advisory-panel.html
Eric Holder: Some Banks Are So Large That It Is Difficult For Us To Prosecute Them
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-03-06/eric-holder-some-banks-are-so-large-it-difficult-us-prosecute-them

posts mentioning too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 11:10:32 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
For the same reason the crooks from Citibank have found placements on many, many BoDs of other corporations.

They're experts in how to beat the system. I'd like to see the prolbem solved. Putting the first ones in jail doesn't solve the real prolbem; it only give a very short termporary sense of revenge.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#26 JPMorgan Sued For Crony Justice - Presenting "A Decade of Illegal Conduct by JP Morgan Chase"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing

prosecution, putting in jail, and excluded from working in the business (sort of like disbarring lawyer after being convicted and serving jail time) was used in the S&L crisis ... and worked as deterrent ... although even there several of the major players managed to escape relatively unscathed

I first started to see the too big to presecute and too big to jail in references to too big to fail having their hands slapped when the same too big to fail institutions repeatedly caught money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists (which otherwise would have required the executives thrown in jail and the institution shutdown)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

one of the articles referred to the too big to fail as responsible (because of all their money laundering for drug cartels) for turning Mexico into another Columbia (and enabler for much of the gang violence).

the current too big to fail, too big to prosecute, and too big to jail culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

has been going on for well over a decade with the same individuals reaping huge rewards and at worse their institutions being asked to periodically pay relatively small fines (compared to the actual amounts involved). This is part of the factors that contribute to "moral hazard"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_hazard

which isn't a revenge scenario ... it has created an environment where the individuals believe there is almost no downside to criminal behavior. Imagine if something similar happened involving violent crimes where all police and criminal prosecution were eliminated ... or that police had absolutely no limits &/or curbs on their behavior.

note as I previously mentioned ... Gerstner was in competition to be the next CEO of AMEX, the looser leaves and takes his protege with him ... they go to Baltimore and take over what has been called a loansharking business
http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/05/15/why-jamie-dimons-2-billion-gambling-loss-will-not-speed-financial-reform/

they take over some number of other things and eventually take over Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greespan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of glass-steagall (enabling too big to fail). The protege then leaves and becomes head of JPMorgan

posts mentioning Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts mentioning Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Broadband pricing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Broadband pricing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 11:28:25 -0500
Ibmekon writes:
Legal Disclaimer Any reply may be used in evidence against you. Your location will be noted and you may be subject to drone attack without warning.

you may not have seen this

Death By Metadata: The NSA's Secret Role In the US Drone Strike Program
http://tech.slashdot.org/story/14/02/10/2135242/death-by-metadata-the-nsas-secret-role-in-the-us-drone-strike-program
Use of NSA metadata to find drone targets kills civilians - Greenwald
http://rt.com/news/nsa-drones-civilian-casualties-383/
NSA Metadata Used For Drone Strikes
http://news.firedoglake.com/2014/02/10/nsa-metadata-used-for-drone-strikes/
New NSA Revelation: U.S. Drone Strikes Kill Innocents By Targeting NSA Phone Data
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/02/new-nsa-revelation-us-drone-strikes.html
Drone strikes kill innocents by targeting NSA phone data, not people: Greenwald
http://www.theverge.com/2014/2/10/5396920/drone-strikes-have-killed-innocents-with-nsa-data
Report: NSA Relies on Unreliable Phone Data for Drone Strikes
http://gizmodo.com/report-nsa-phone-data-guides-drone-strikes-which-kill-1519744305

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 11:38:37 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
note as I previously mentioned ... Gerstner was in competition to be the next CEO of AMEX, the looser leaves and takes his protege with him ... they go to Baltimore and take over what has been called a loansharking business
http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/05/15/why-jamie-dimons-2-billion-gambling-loss-will-not-speed-financial-reform/


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#27 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#28 Royal Pardon For Turing

from the article (regarding their "loansharking" business):
As outlined in an excellent takedown by Michael Hudson in Southern Exposure in 2003, the firm specialized in preying on poor people, especially African Americans such as Johnny Slaughter, from Noxubee County, Mississippi, who not only was charged 40.92 percent on his loan in the mid-1990s but was also sold disability insurance even though he already had a disabling spinal injury. A neighbor, Mattie Henley, was charged 44.14 percent.

... snip ...

makes them out to be predators with the rest of the world to be preyed on.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 14:27:22 -0500
Al Kossow <aek@bitsavers.org> writes:
Military/Space sales skewed 'scientific' computing significantly in the 60's. A lot of big iron went to NASA or Air Force sites or to the California subcontractors. The collapse of that market in the early 70's was a direct result of the winding down of the Vietnam war and the end of Apollo program spending. It rebounded again as a result of events like the oil crisis and the need for computing in geoexploration grew.

Boyd's biographies mentioned that he did a stint in command in spook base ... and says it was a $2.5B windfall for IBM ($17+B in today's dollars). Boyd would say that spookbase had the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

old description of spook base ... gone 404 but lives on at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

about the same time, I had been con'ed into doing a summer at Boeing to help setup up boeing computer services ... i.e. bringing all dataprocessing into a separate business unit ... in theory helping monetize the investment. At the time, I thought that Renton datacenter was possibly the largest in the world ... but it was only pegged around $300m in IBM computers ... although they had a disaster scenario that involved Mt. Rainier heating up, creating a mudslide that takes out the renton datacenter ... and were duplicating renton at the new 747 plant in Everett (estimate that it would cost the company more being w/o Renton datacenter for a week than the cost of Renton datacenter)

past posts in thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#7 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#14 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 14:45:56 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Back in the 1930s some very high figures in the financial community were prosecuted and some thrown in jail, despite being absolutely too big to fail.

One who was found innocent was Samuel Insull, whose utilities empire went bankrupt. But he was an investor who actually built stuff, some of which remains in use to this day (such as the South Shre Line).


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#28 Royal Pardon For Turing

as I've mentioned before, Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the recently scanned Pecora hearings (scanned the fall2008 at Boston Public Library, 1930s congressional hearings into the crash of '29 and instrumental in prosecution of many of those responsible) with lots of internal HREFs as well as lots of URLs that correspond to what happened this time and what happened then (some anticipation that the new congress would have appetite to do something). I worked on it for awhile and then got a call saying it wouldn't be needed after all (references to enormous piles of wallstreet money blanketing capital hill).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

several went to jail ... and passage of Glass-Steagall holding off too big to fail institutions being able to do it again.

also, S&L crisis had over 700 prosecuted ... a couple recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#73 Why DOJ Deemed Bank Execs Too Big To Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment

note that a big part of S&L crisis was to remove all regulatory oversight during the 80s ... allowing all sorts of criminals to come in and buy up a S&L and loot it. One of the regulators that was involved eventually in prosecution ... later wrote a book, "the best way to rob a bank is to own one" ... some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#18 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#26 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#29 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#35 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#41 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#43 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#45 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#52 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#49 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#95 Royal Pardon For Turing

in the 80s, the administrative point person for eliminating regulatory oversight of S&Ls was the vice president ... and several of his sons got involved in S&L activity ... most notably:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan

some past references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#80 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#43 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#57 The agency problem and how to create a criminogenic environment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#59 John Boyd's Art of War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#2 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#8 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

one of which then shows up again last decade.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:21:20 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
Retailers spend enormous effort on reducing transaction times, which increases productivity and therefore margins. Adding even five seconds to every sale would measurably impact their bottom line, far more than just giving away plastic bags to everyone.

That, incidentally, is a big part of why they're trying to get everyone to pay with credit/debit/gift cards; processing takes a few seconds, but it's still faster than counting cash and then counting change--or worse, a customer that pays with the exact amount of cash.


POS terminals for a long time were effectively PC/XT with 2400 baud modem (with flash drive and other stuff for the form factor). There was some work on upgrade to 56k modems ... but it turns out that the negotiating time more than offset any increase in transmission rate ... aka typical POS transaction AUTH packet being around 60bytes.

This also came up in the mid-90s when the associations were trying to define a "secure" transaction for internet payment using digital certificates. The problem was that the additional digital certificate payload added 8k to 12k bytes to an AUTH packet transmission (100-fold payload bloat increase) and also increased CPU processing time by over a factor of 100 times. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#bloat

when they first made the specification public, i did a transaction payload and processing profile and got somebody to do the timings on the associate crypto ops ... and also did a business process profile ... which I presented back to the group ... which included a number of techno experts from various companies (including IBM). Their response was that the crypto op timings were a factor of 100 times too slow.

It was obvious that they had never actually done any real crypto ops in their lives ... for the timings the standard industry crypto software library had been used ... with special speedups that made it four times faster (if they had known anything they would have instead said that the crypto times were four times too fast).

After showing that the digital certificates added over a factor of 100 times payload bloat ... the PKI industry got a project in the X9 financial standard group to work on "compressed" digital certificates ... trying to get the over 100 times payload bloat down to only ten times payload bloat. I gave them a demonstration where I used their techniques to get compressed digital certificates down to zero bytes. They then could mandate every financial transaction carry a zero byte compress digital certificate (some people don't appreciate that kind of ridicule).

as an aside ... typical number involving cash at retail is seven percent "shrinkage" ... i.e. between what shows at the register and what shows up in the account balance (some of it is banks charge businesses for handling physical money).

One of the things that the transit industry challenged me on when I was working on chip for point-of-sale ... was to have it down within the transit gate power&timing requirements ... w/o compromise any security when used for high-value debit or credit transactions. transit wanted contactless and elapsed time of 100ms (and everybody else wanted to compromise of security).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

chip cards at the time required contacts because they had huge number of circuits for big number operations in order to get crypto processing down to several seconds. the goal that they set for me was to have much stronger crypto ... but being able to do with very few circuits using contactless RF power and in 100ms elapsed time.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 17:17:22 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
Yes, but the govt also collects enormous tax revenue on alcohol.

there couldn't have been prohibition w/o 16th income tax amdendment and drop in income tax during depression was factor in repealing prohibition
http://taxfoundation.org/blog/how-taxes-enabled-alcohol-prohibition-and-also-led-its-repeal

post in past thread about tradeoff between income tax and alcohol and tobacco tax
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#62 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

1900 alcohol/tobacco tax was 43% of federal revenue and custom duties was 41% of federal revenue.

post also wanders into military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

latest tome from one of Boyd's acolytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

on MICC

Revolving Door Syndrome in the Military-Industrial-Congressional-Complex The Best Government Money Can Buy
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/02/11/the-best-government-money-can-buy/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2014 21:25:40 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
Italy came close after the War, and of course Spain before.

The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles loc1580-82:
The CIA's early covert operations were in Europe, where the subversive threat was thought to be most urgent. Its first two major ones--intervention in the 1948 Italian election and the hiring of Corsican gangsters to break a Communist-led dockworkers' strike in the French port of Marseille--were successful.

... snip ...

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

above has reference from book that John Foster Dulles support for Hitler and the Nazis was "first and only thing Dulles brothers seriously disagreed". Book also mentions one of Allen's closest friends on long island was Kermit Roosevelt

old post with reference Kermit shows up in 1953 responsbile for the overthrow of the democratically elected gov. in Iran
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

recently rewatched Charlie Wilson's War ... last scene in the movie was asking for funds for schools because half the returning males were under 15yrs ... and then in place of "The End" ... it had ... "and then we f**ked the end game"

there was recent discussion about the administration in the 80s "cut and run" from both the middle east and Afghanistan ... which left it to come back again and again ... Spinney's theme of "perpetual war" supporting MICC ... reference to one of his articles from today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#34 Royal Pardon For Turing

MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:23:21 -0500
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
The British back in British India varied between military intervention in Afganistan, and paying what could be called now "Foreign Aid", ie, stonking bribe.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing

note that 30s worldwide some that may have admired germany ... didn't actually visit there. John Foster Dulles spent time there and did lots of business deals ... which significantly contributed to their war effort ... and as noted, his brother strongly disagreed with him

also somewhat in tradition of his grandfather creating the lobbying profession ... he simulataneously served the gov. and corporate clients ... involving activities that would now be considered illegal conflict of interest loc1028-30
Sometimes they served both at once. In a later age, their conflicts of interest would have been considered not just unethical but illegal. Yet no one asked them for financial disclosures, and few eyebrows were raised when they found ways to profit from their diplomatic assignments.

... and loc1328-30:
By the time Foster marked his fiftieth birthday in 1938, he was more influential than any other private lawyer in the United States. Nonetheless he was restive, and began to reflect on the future course of his life. He had his share of private disappointments; the vote to pull Sullivan & Cromwell out of Nazi Germany had shaken him,
... snip ...

not only his brother disagreed with him ... but also the rest of his law firm.

a son-in-law did two tours in Iraq ... first tour was Falujah during height of fighting and the 2nd was Baqubah which is described as worse than Falujah. The difference is after Falujah there was the "surge" and claims that everything had been fixed ... so they couldn't really publish anything about it getting worse. Various accounts of the surge includes paying substantial amounts of "tributes" (aka bribe).

recent posts mentioning Baqubah
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#13 Al-Qaeda-linked force captures Fallujah amid rise in violence in Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#42 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#61 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#79 Army Modernization Is Melting Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars

note that MICC can pull a different kind of "foreign aid" ... "directed appropriations" ... where the country can only spend it on specific american made weapons. one account of MICC has it approaching former eastern block countries and in turn for them voting for the invasion of Iraq, their membership in NATO would be sponsored as well as ("directed appropriations") foreign aid to buy NATO compatible weapons (aka US made) ... another form of bribes ... especially egregious since the WMD justification for the invasion was pure fabrication ... recent references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing

MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How many EBCDIC machines are still around?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:38:27 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
I did a lot of timesharing on 370 (etc.) systems using TTYs or equivalent faster ASCII dial-ups like the Execuport. TSO supported them, sort of. I did some mods to CICS to improve it's TTY support.

past posts about doing (vm370) cms changes for doing terminal i/o to emulated virtual 1052 ... which vm370 then maps to real terminals ... ascii terminals (real or emulated line i/o) and/or full-screen 3270s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#email790329

email mentioning APL translate tables for ascii terminals (bit paired & type pared)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email800301

posts mentioning cms dmscit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#35 diffence between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#11 what's the difference between LF(Line Fee) and NL (New line) ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#0 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#0 tty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#24 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#25 spacewar

part of the issue was in transition to vm/sp in the 80s ... they introduced significant performance & throughput degradation that was partially masked with some tricks for 3270 full-screen i/o ... but was horribly evident for ascii terminal customers ... especially very large vm370 3-letter government agency (actually going back to early cp67 days). old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#57 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005h.html#22 Today's mainframe--anything to new?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2014 11:12:06 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Obamacare could have significantly reduced heath care costs. It looks like health care costs increase slope is flatter than before and some of the chaos of un-insured will have been reduced.

The relentless misinformation about afc has meant that most objective facts are lost. Single payer would have done more for the development of small business that any other policy change.


various news sources also claim that CBO reports that affordable care is coming 15% under what was expected.

note lots of medicaid is medical industry.

Medicaid is run by the states but feds provide 50% of the funds. Estimate is that medical industry fraud & bill padding accounts for 20-30% of medicaid costs (hard for somebody receiving medicaid care to turn that into financial gain).

feds had a program for state legislatures ... that if they passed anti-fraud best practices legislation ... the FEDs would increase their share of medicaid to 60% (reduction in fraud more than offset increase in funding percent).

in numerous states, the medical lobby is so strong that legislation didn't pass (i.e. the anti-fraud loss to the medical profession was significant hit ... more than sufficient motivation to mount expensive lobbying campaign).

past posts mentioning medicaid (and much of the fraud problem motivated by medical industry greed)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#61 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#14 Health Care
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#19 Another "migration" from the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#7 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#34 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#35 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#98 dollar coins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#17 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#71 "Rat Your Boss" or "Rats to Riches," the New SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#34 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#12 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#31 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#37 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#6 We are on the brink of a historic decision [referring to defence cuts]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#81 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#66 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Spy Chief Says Snowden Took Advantage of "Perfect Storm" of Security Lapses

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Spy Chief Says Snowden Took Advantage of "Perfect Storm" of Security Lapses
Date: 12 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
Spy Chief Says Snowden Took Advantage of "Perfect Storm" of Security Lapses
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/12/us/politics/spy-chief-says-snowden-took-advantage-of-perfect-storm-of-security-lapses.html

Note that some number from the INFOSEC side of the house participated in X9 financial standards ... based on all the stuff that they were saying back to the 90s ... I can't see how anybody could have walked away with all that information. Possible explanation is that torrent of privatizing of intelligence by for-profit companies during the last decade resulted in all sorts of corners being cut (claims are 70% of the intelligence budget and over half the people are now for-profit companies). The mention of expert employee of for-profit company ... might better be done as what is primary objective of for-profit company.

Some IBM content. After Gerstner leaves IBM he goes on to head private equity company Carlyle ... which then does reverse-IPO private equity take-over of BAH. Lots has been written that private equity take-over companies are under intense pressure to cut all sorts of corners in order to meet revenue objectives. private equity companies suck profit out of the companies they take-over by putting enormous loans on their books ... which has resulted in over half of corporate defaults are companies currently or previously owned by private-equity company. posts mentioning gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
posts mentioning private equity business
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

one of the claims for congress at fault is expecting 5% kickback (in the form of various donations and lobbying activity) from appropriations going to for-profit companies (rules about gov. agencies not being able to lobby congress are fairly strict). note that there was whistleblower in 2007 that went to congress and congress investigated then and put the agency on probation. the agency charged the whistleblower with same crimes as the current case even though there was no public release of classified material ... only threat was to senior bureaucratic careers (charges only relatively recently dropped). Success of Failure culture:
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

in theory, any problems should have been cleared up at that time ... however, congress may have just used the probation to further privatize the intelligence community.

other Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
Date: 12 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kssZua8MVc

There is also Pierre Sprey (F16 & A10) on F35 is a lemon
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mxDSiwqM2nw

ELP
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/p/f-35-reading-list.html
quotes this
http://ausairpower.net/APA-2009-01.html

which I understand the F35 design point was sort of swarms of stand-off air support with F22 flying cover/interference. F35 "stealth" compromised to reduce cost and concentrated on the front ... facing ground adversary. Missions compromised with 1) cancel of F22 and 2) years late ... potentially facing real, much newer adversaries.

A newer scenario might be modern F22 replacement with the accompanying swarm unmanned.

other recent posts mentioning f35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#0 Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#1 If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#4 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2014 17:37:52 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
however, this book claims gov. agencies and major corporate interests have had long relations ... including monotizing intelligence information
http://www.amazon.com/Confessions-Economic-Hit-John-Perkins-ebook/dp/B001AFF266/
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#58 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#19 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

OSI sure sounds like the organization behind "economic hitman", Dulles bros, loc2044-47:

Overseas Consultants Inc., formed by eleven large American engineering firms, that aimed to do nothing less than change the world by making poor countries-and themselves-rich. The visionaries who ran OCI were looking for a country to transform.

... and their initial target was Iran, loc2049-52:

The elaborate OCI proposal to Iran, five volumes long, envisioned huge-scale projects including hydroelectric plants, rebuilt cities, and new industries imported from abroad. Mohammad Reza Shah, who had grown up mainly in Europe and knew little of his homeland, was captivated but uncertain. The directors of OCI needed a special envoy to close the deal. They hired Allen, who was a famous charmer as well as the former head of the State Department's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs.

... then a democratically elected gov. was all set to throw monkey wrench into their plans ... loc2065-67

Mossadegh grew up watching outsiders loot his prostrate country. Through corrupt deals, predatory foreign companies acquired the right to establish Iran's banks, print its currency, and run its post office, telegraph service, railroads, and ferry lines. One Western firm bought the caviar industry, another the tobacco industry. At the beginning of the twentieth century oil was discovered in Iran, but British officials bribed a puppet monarch, Mozaffar al-Din Shah, into signing it away. The ocean of petroleum that lay beneath Iran's soil became the property of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, owned principally by the British government.

... snip ...

until Kermit Roosevelt orchistrated its overthrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing

other recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 12 Feb 2014 19:40:42 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
they take over some number of other things and eventually take over Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greespan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of glass-steagall (enabling too-big-to-fail). The protege then leaves and becomes head of JPMorgan

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#28 Royal Pardon For Turing

latest on too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

gaming the infrastructure

The Vampire Squid Strikes Again: The Mega Banks' Most Devious Scam Yet; Banks are no longer just financing heavy industry. They are actually buying it up and inventing bigger, bolder and scarier scams than ever
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-vampire-squid-strikes-again-the-mega-banks-most-devious-scam-yet-20140212

a little from above:
The regulators are almost worse. Remember the 2008 collapse happened when government bodies like the Fed, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Office of Thrift Supervision -- whose entire expertise supposedly revolves around monitoring the safety and soundness of financial companies -- somehow missed that half of Wall Street was functionally bankrupt.

... snip ...

above references past articles:

The Great American Bubble Machine; From tech stocks to high gas prices, Goldman Sachs has engineered every major market manipulation since the Great Depression -- and they're about to do it again
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-great-american-bubble-machine-20100405
The Feds vs. Goldman; The government's case against Goldman Sachs barely begins to target the depths of Wall Street's criminal sleaze
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-feds-vs-goldman-20100426
Everything Is Rigged: The Biggest Price-Fixing Scandal Ever; The Illuminati were amateurs. The second huge financial scandal of the year reveals the real international conspiracy: There's no price the big banks can't fix
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/everything-is-rigged-the-biggest-financial-scandal-yet-20130425

also google+
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/6oovqmEMyGz

posts mentioning griftopia and/or vampire squid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

posts mentioning Pecora hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 2014 10:33:57 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
In Afghanistan, I always thought we should have just subsidized the warlords to do pest control on the Taliban for us, and we wouldn't have had to send in troops. Trying to promote democracy there is like trying to get lions and zebras to hold an election to see who's in charge.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#69 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing

too big to fail caught repeatedly money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists ... nominally requires putting executives in jail and shutting down the instititon ... however they are left to do it again and again (when I 1st started seeing references to too big to presecute and too big to jail ... as well as too big to fail responsible for turning Mexico into another Columbia)

money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

American Government Backed Murderous Mexican Drug Cartel for More Than a Decade
http://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/2014-01-14/american-government-backed-murderous-mexican-drug-cartel-more-decade

from above:

The U.S. government has -- at least at some times in some parts of the world -- long protected drug operations. (Big American banks also launder money for drug cartels. See this, this, this and this. Indeed, drug dealers kept the banking system afloat during the depths of the 2008 financial crisis.)

And opium production is at an all-time high under the American occupation of Afghanistan.


... snip ...

Taliban had eliminated opium production and in 2002 CIA played on the warlords dissatisfaction with loss of drug business
http://www.amazon.com/Brave-New-War-Terrorism-Globalization-ebook/dp/B00H2VFGZ4/
loc2082-84:

When the United States decided to support the Northern Alliance before it attacked the Taliban in early 2002, U.S. officials took action to ensure this disaffection. Direct payments from Central Intelligence Agency operatives and the potential of unfettered opium production under the Northern Alliance exerted a powerful influence on Afghanistan's guerrilla entrepreneurs.

... snip ...

recent reference to rewatching "charlie wilson's war" and in place of "the end" at the finish ... "... we f**ked up the end-game".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing

MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#militar.industrial.complex

reference to subverting Iran's democratically elected government because it wasn't going to let outsiders pillage the country
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 2014 10:55:07 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Michigan attaches a lien on the property of those who receive their Medicaid. When they die, the Medicaid gets paid first and then the estate can be distributed. Does the Obamacare laws w.r.t. Medicaid allow the same thing?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing

sounds a little like the answer "yes or no, have you stopped beating your wife?"

quicky search says (25Mar2013) SCOTUS holds Federal Medicaid Anti-Lien Statute pre-empts state law on recovery of medical expenses
http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=b0e4f765-4dc7-4932-ab92-5a1251e8f7b1

it says that states misconstrued statute that requires states to seek reimbursement for medicaid expenses when beneficiaries receive medical cost from other sources (like legal settlement for injury).

aka states were never suppose to put liens on property.

as an aside, I know of cases where somebody becomes a ward of the state (for life) ... the state acquires all their assets.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 2014 11:35:07 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
quicky search says (25Mar2013) SCOTUS holds Federal Medicaid Anti-Lien Statute pre-empts state law on recovery of medical expenses

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing

as an aside ... note the dissenting opinion ... is the one that is typcially felt as being aligned with plutocrats, special interests, and the ruling that corporations are people.
http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2012/05/21/120521fa_fact_toobin?currentPage=all

medicaid recovery provision was to cover case of medicaid paying medical bills for an injury and then the person getting a large injurty judgement.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 2014 14:44:43 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#43 Royal Pardon For Turing

Opium production in Afghanistan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opium_production_in_Afghanistan

from above:
In July 2000, Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, collaborating with the United Nations to eradicate heroin production in Afghanistan, declared that growing poppies was un-Islamic, resulting in one of the world's most successful anti-drug campaigns. The Taliban enforced a ban on poppy farming via threats, forced eradication, and public punishment of transgressors. The result was a 99% reduction in the area of opium poppy farming in Taliban-controlled areas, roughly three quarters of the world's supply of heroin at the time.[14] The ban was effective only briefly due to the deposition of the Taliban in 2002.

... snip ...

UNODC monitoring illicit crops
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/crop-monitoring/
UN Annual Opium Poppy Survey 2001
http://www.unodc.org/pdf/publications/report_2001-10-16_1.pdf

from above:
Both the Preassessment Survey and the UNDCP Donor Mission observed the near total success of the ban in eliminating poppy cultivation in Taleban controlled areas

... snip ...

and from Nov2013

Opium Production in Afghanistan Hits Record High; A sobering United Nations report details a new surge in the world's largest opium supplier
http://world.time.com/2013/11/13/opium-production-in-afghanistan-hits-record-high/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 2014 15:32:34 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
No; they _really_ tried to hang on to most of it, having to be kicked out violently from North Africa, and managed to dump Indochina on the Americans.

dulles bros has Ho Chi Minh in paris after ww1 about the same time as allen dulles .... and if US had sided with Ho Chi Min (instead of the french) ... we wouldn't have had vietnam war
http://www.historynet.com/ho-chi-minh-and-the-oss.htm

dulles bros used fabricated anti-communist threat as excuse for overturning gov. in iran ... for one that was more friendly to being looted by western interests
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#35 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#41 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#43 Royal Pardon For Turing

and in the americas ... guatemala was the next country after iran ... the quintessential banama republic, "owned" by united fruit ... much of the united fruit business being handled by the law firm where the dulles bros. spent much of their career. The dulles bros. campaign in Guatemala even being aided by Cardinal Spellman.

book has the agency being able to accomplish some number of covert missions ... especially when they are on behalf of commercial interests ... but its intelligence gathering activities were abysmal failures. loc1872-77:
As it turned out, the image was an illusion. The specter of a powerful Russia was remote from the reality of a country weakened by war, with a shattered economy, an overtaxed civilian and military bureaucracy, and large areas of civil unrest. The illusory image was at least partly due to a failure of intelligence.... Had there been even the rudiments of an American intelligence effort in the Soviet Union during the war, or had we concentrated on intelligence operations against Russia and Eastern Europe in the postwar lull, the course of the Cold War might have been different. It was our almost total ignorance of what was going on in the "denied area" behind the Iron Curtain that helped create the false image of a super-powerful Soviet Union.

... snip ...

howver it was repeatedly used as part of fabrication to keep enormous funds flowing into the military-industrial-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 14 Feb 2014 17:49:51 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
Medicaid is run by the states but feds provide 50% of the funds. Estimate is that medical industry fraud & bill padding accounts for 20-30% of medicaid costs (hard for somebody receiving medicaid care to turn that into financial gain).

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing

HCA is largest hospital operator in the country ... the industry has long been primary player in enormous medical inflation.

The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America,
loc11313-16:
Yet the stunningly aggressive manner in which KKR and Bain have literally plundered cash from HCA since the mega-buyout implies just the opposite. After loading HCA with $28 billion of debt to fund the original buyout, KKR and Bain have since extracted dividends and stock buybacks amounting to another $7 billion. These massive payouts to the sponsors have absorbed every dime of available cash and borrowing capacity at HCA.

loc11365-69:
THE HCA PRIVATE EQUITY PLUNDER: STATE POLICY RUN AMOK At the end of the day, the circumstances of the $33 billion HCA buyout are a screaming indictment of current policies of the state. HCA is the nation's largest hospital chain, but it thrives only by dint of the $15 billion it collects each year from Medicaid and Medicare. These revenues are vastly inflated compared to what HCA would obtain if it had to compete for patient dollars in an honest consumer-driven market.

loc11398-401:
The estimate at the time was that this sweeping change in the Medicare reimbursement régime could have reduced its hospital payments by 30 percent and would have struck a mortal blow at high-cost general hospital chains like HCA. Stated differently, much of the inflated EBITDA which was absorbing HCA's $2.0 billion annual interest bill would have been clawed back to the benefit of taxpayers.

... snip ...

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

this is reference to private equity and house flipping ... the difference is that private equity can make enormous profits even if they sell a company for less than they paid ... since the original loan (to buy a company, stays with the bought company). After a company is plundered and stripped of all its value ... it is frequently faced with doing everything possible in order to meet the debt payments. Over half the corporate defaults are companies currently or previously owned by private equity
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

this also comes into play with privatizing of the gov. by for-profit companies which may, in turn be loaded with enormous debts because of private equity LBO, and may cut all sorts of corners attempting to service its debt load ... recent references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#11 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#12 5 Unnerving Documents Showing Ties Between Greenwald, Omidyar & Booz Allen Hamilton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#47 McCain: Send Petraeus back to Iraq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#58 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#62 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#93 Maximizing shareholder value: The Goal that changed corporate America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#104 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#39 Spy Chief Says Snowden Took Advantage of "Perfect Storm" of Security Lapses

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 15 Feb 2014 09:19:51 -0500
Walter Banks <walter@bytecraft.com> writes:
Castro made a failed trip to Washington after the revolution before there had been any contact with the Soviet Union. Had the outcome been different I would bet that Cuba would have become a very different place.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#47 Royal Pardon For Turing

mentions Ho Chi Min really tried to side with the US ... claim is that current relations with vietnam are what Ho Chi Min wanted in the 50s & 60s ... but dulles bros obsession with eliminating Ho Chi Min, precluded that.

with regard to Cardinal Spellman helping in Guatemala ... quintessential banama repulic ... also references Spellman friends with Batista, Trujullo and Somoza ... which helped with dulles bros supporting dictators and repressive govs.

periodic theme is it is much easier to loot a country when dealing with a corrupt dictator ... other forms of gov. tend to make it much more difficult to pillage and loot a country ... which is also central theme in "economic hit man" ... recent refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Broadband pricing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Broadband pricing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 15 Feb 2014 16:48:29 -0500
Clark G <clarkm.geimsler@ieeemmm.org> writes:
Yes, there is a new version each year. Even if the tax laws aren't changed, several standard deductions are inflation adjusted each year. Also, forms are updated each year, even if it is just changing the year on the form.

It's convenient to buy the same tax software each year so that the numbers that need to be carried over from the previous year are automatically imported into the current year's software. Mind you, the competitors to Intuit (the makers of TurboTax) claim to import Turbotax data as well.


on the cost of loopholes and benefit of moving to flattax would be a 5-6% of GDP benefit to the country (besides eliminating major contributor to congress being considered most corrupt institution on earth) ... there was the semi-humerous reference to one of the major lobbying against such a change was the country of Ireland ... however there have also been references to intuit and tax preperation industry are doing major lobbying against tax reform

TurboTax Maker Funnels Millions To Lobby Against Easier Tax Returns
http://techcrunch.com/2013/03/27/turbotax-maker-funnels-millions-to-lobby-against-easier-tax-returns/
The Tax Complexity Lobby
http://www.forbes.com/sites/leonardburman/2013/04/15/the-tax-complexity-lobby/
Intuit Lobbying The Government To Make It More Difficult To File Your Tax Returns
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20100124/1836527884.shtml

recent posts mentioning flattax &/or tax complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#30 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing

related posts mentioning tax havens &/or tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
Date: 15 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

Navy Looking For Some F-35 Relief
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2014/02/navy-looking-for-some-f-35-relief.html
The Navy has requested a three-year pause in acquisition of the F-35C -- the carrier-launched variant of the Joint Strike Fighter. Unfortunately, the Office of the Secretary of Defense has reportedly blocked the Navy's proposed break in procurement.

... snip ...

Bogdan paints himself as the hero in the F-35 program (60 Minutes)
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/bogdan-paints-himself-as-hero-in-f-35.html

and article mentioning stealth design for different radar bands
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=%2Farticle-xml%2FAW_02_17_2014_p33-662743.xml

and reference to ELP's page
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/02/cbs-60-minutes-looks-at-f-35-program.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr
Date: 15 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
First 2014 Golden Goose Award to physicist Larry Smarr
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/aoau-f2g021414.php

One of the people we had some dealings with. Originally we were suppose to get $20M to connect all the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cut the budget and some other things happened, but finally NSF released RFP .... however internal politics prevented us from bidding. Director of NSF tried to help by writing the company a letter ... but that just aggravated the internal politics. some additional information
http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/401444/grid-computing/

old email mentioning NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
past posts mentioning NSFNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject:  Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story.
Date: 15 Feb 2014
Blog: IBM Wild Ducks
Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story.
http://lnkd.in/bkwkdzT

After seeing Spinney's cover time article ... sometimes behind paywall, but lives free at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html
a co-worker got Spinney's phone number and called him up. Spinney told him that he really needed to talk to Boyd.

That led to con'ing me in to start sponsoring Boyd's briefings at IBM. The first time, I tried to do it through the employee education department. At first they agreed, but as I provided more information about Boyd, they changed their mind and suggested that I limit the audience to senior members of competitive analysis departments. They said that IBM spends a whole lot of money on training managers on how to manage (aka "manipulate") employees ... and it wouldn't be in the best interest of the corporation to expose general employees to Boyd's briefings. As an aside, UCSD is sponsoring upcoming Boyd Innovation conference
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

For other drift, I was active wtih internal datacenters, customers, IBM user group SHARE, etc. TYMSHARE had started providing their vm370/cms online computer conferencing to SHARE for free in Aug1976 ... archives here:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare

I arranged to get monthly distribution of all VMSHARE files from TYMSHARE to put up on the internal network and machines (including the world-wide, sales & marketing HONE system). The biggest problem I had was corporate lawyers not wanting IBM employees contaminated by exposure to customer information.

similar to Watson's "respect for individual" is Boyd's "trinity" (also quoted at the UCSD Boyd innovation conference):
Why Boyd's trinity -People, Ideas, Hardware; in THAT order- is vital to creating a culture of employee engagement, loyalty, and trust that helps reducing the incidence of costly mistakes.

... snip ...

The issue is that so much of MICC puts "money" first (ever increasing quarterly profits) which frequently translates into reversing Boyd's trinity and placing hardware first.

posts mentioning military-industrial-complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
Date: 15 Feb 2014
Blog: IBMers
IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://wraltechwire.com/ibm-layoffs-strike-first-in-india-workers-describe-cuts-as-slaughter-and-massive-/13379415/

"Slaughter House": First Person Accounts Of How IBM Just Fired Thousands Of Workers Across India
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-02-12/slaughter-house-first-person-accounts-how-ibm-just-fired-thousands-workers-across-in

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://seekingalpha.com/article/1876891-ibm-shrinks-analysts-hate-it

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
from this recent book about lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

and over in "IBM Wild Ducks" linkedin group ... in this discussion
http://lnkd.in/bkwkdzT

there is repeated mentioning of Watson's "respect for individual".

I mention that I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM and Boyd had "trinity" ... also mentioned in upcoming Boyd Innovation conference being sponsored by UCSD business school
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/
Why Boyd's trinity -People, Ideas, Hardware; in THAT order- is vital to creating a culture of employee engagement, loyalty, and trust that helps reducing the incidence of costly mistakes.

one of Boyd's issues was that so much of MICC put "money" first (ever increasing quarterly profits) which frequently translates into reversing Boyd's trinity and placing hardware first

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
Date: 15 Feb 2014
Blog: IBMers
Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America
http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/maximizing-shareholder-value-the-goal-that-changed-corporate-america/2013/08/26/26e9ca8e-ed74-11e2-9008-61e94a7ea20d_story.html

IBM's core business is maximizing executive compensation ... which translates into whatever the executive compensation plan calls for.

reference to corporate governance doesn't ever mention maximizing shareholder value (... but tends to be a rallying cry behind which maximizing executive compensation occurs)
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/10/why-the-maximizing-shareholder-value-theory-of-corporate-governance-is-bogus.html

from above:
If you review any of the numerous guides prepared for directors of corporations prepared by law firms and other experts, you won't find a stipulation for them to maximize shareholder value on the list of things they are supposed to do. It's not a legal requirement. And there is a good reason for that.

Directors and officers, broadly speaking, have a duty of care and duty of loyalty to the corporation. From that flow more specific obligations under Federal and state law. But notice: those responsibilities are to the corporation, not to shareholders in particular.


... snip ...

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America" pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.

... snip ...

New IBM Buyback Plan Is For Over 10 Percent Of Its Stock
http://247wallst.com/technology-3/2013/10/29/new-ibm-buyback-plan-is-for-over-10-percent-of-its-stock/

from above:
The company has represented that its dividends and share repurchases have come to a total of over $159 billion since 2000.

... snip ...

IBM Asian Revenues Crash, Adjusted Earnings Beat On Tax Rate Fudge; Debt Rises 20% To Fund Stock Buybacks
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-21/ibm-asian-revenues-crash-adjusted-earnings-beat-tax-rate-fudge-debt-rises-20-fund-st

another area is employee retirement
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
lots of details about different ways corporations came up with for raiding pension plans
http://www.amazon.com/Retirement-Heist-Companies-American-ebook/dp/B003QMLC6K

however, that doesn't stop a multinational company from raiding pension plans in countries where it is allowed to ... from Retirement Heist:
IBM couldn't just pull the plug on the subsidy, because pension law doesn't allow a company to take away a benefit a person has already earned or take away a pension right or feature the company has granted. "So we had to design something different," Sauvigne said. Enter Louis V. Gerstner Jr., IBM's new president. He'd headed RJR Nabisco in 1993 when it faced a similar dilemma: how to reduce pensions and remove the retirement subsidy without obviously violating the law or provoking an employee backlash. Gerstner and IBM turned to Watson Wyatt, the same consulting firm that had helped Nabisco solve its pension problem.

... snip ...

Gerstner "wins" competition to be next CEO of AMEX. The looser leaves and takes his protege Jamie Dimon. AMEX is in competition with KKR to do private equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble with RJR and hires Gerstner away to do turn around of RJR. Then the IBM board hires Gerstner away to resurrect IBM and reverse the planned breakup (IBM had been reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for the breakup). About the same time that IBM goes into the red, AMEX spins off much of its dataprocessing in the largest IPO (until that time) as Firstdata.

posts mentioning gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

Looser in competition for next CEO of AMEX (and protoge Dimon) make a number of acquisitions eventually taking over Citibank in violation Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall ... enabling too big to fail. Dimon then goes on to be head of another too big to fail.

posts mentioning Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Gerstner leaves IBM and goes on to head up another private equity company Carlyle. Since the start of the century, private equity business has somewhat morphed, they borrow money to buy a company, then put the loan on that company's books ... private equity take-over companies are under intense pressure to do whatever is necessary to service the debt (joke about analogy to house flipping, except company can be sold for less than paid and still make enormous profit ... since they don't have to pay off the loan used to buy the company). Over half corporate defaults are by companies currently or formally owned by private equity
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

One of Carlyle private-equity take-overs is BAH ... which is at the center of the intelligence news. Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower.

... snip ...

How Booz Allen Hamilton Swallowed Washington
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington

Investigate Booz Allen Hamilton, not Edward Snowden; The firm that formerly employed both the director of national intelligence and the NSA whistleblower merits closer scrutiny
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jun/14/edward-snowden-investigate-booz-allen

... and bought by Carlyle

In the 90s, Firstdata merges with First Financial, picking up Western Union (but has to spinoff Moneygram). In middle of last decade, the enormous increase in illegal workers sending paychecks home, WU grows to be half of Firstdata bottom line. Firstdata corporate hdqtrs is lopped off and WU is spun-off in IPO ... and KKR does private-equity takeover of the remainder in the largest reverse-IPO up until that time (15yrs after Firstdata was the largest IPO). Disclaimer: I'm doing stint as chief scientist at Firstdata attached to corporate hdqtrs and am collateral damage as part of eliminating Firstdata corporate hdqtrs.

recent cartoon: What does creating share holder value lead us to?
http://johnhively.wordpress.com/2014/02/15/what-does-creating-share-holder-value-lead-us-to/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer Architecture Manuals - tools for writing and maintaining- state of the art?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer Architecture Manuals - tools for writing and maintaining- state of the art?
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2014 10:06:15 -0500
anton@mips.complang.tuwien.ac.at (Anton Ertl) writes:
There is a dream of the universal architecture description language, from which you can generate the chip, the simulator, the compiler back end and the documentation. I think that we should treat this mostly as an ideal. We should avoid redundancy, but the requirements of a single language that's usable for all purposes seem to much. I think that a flexible, project-specific approach of tailoring the tools for the project is better.

GML was invented at the science center in 1969 ... and tag processing was added to cp67/cms script (which started out re-implementation of CTSS runoff supporting "dot" formating commands); a decade later GML morphs into ISO standard SGML.

One of the first major corporate documents done in script was the 360/370 architecture "REDBOOK" ... which had engineering and architecture notes, altneratives, justifications ... intermixed with the feature descriptions. Command line option would format the full "redbook" or just the "principles of operation" subset:
http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/ibm/360/princOps/

about the time that GML was morphing into SGML ... the Los Gatos VLSI group was working on trying to build common repository for chip logic and physical layout ... with fine granularity connection between the two.

posts mentioning science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
posts mentioning gml, sgml, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2014 11:20:51 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
Home equity is included in wealth distribution statistics. However, the bottom 40% generally rent, not own, so they have no home equity--or they've borrowed so much against it that they're upside down.

one of the things involved in the wallstreet engineered housing bubble ... was after the crash ... lots of people were left with mortgages larger than the value of their houses (underwater) ... and with bubble bursting ... could also be collaterial damage and loose their job. the transition was painfull, several articles claimed that helping keep unemployment low in prior eras was the mobility of the workers ... being able to easily sell their house and move to region with job openings. the collapse of the housing market contributed to lack of mobility.

real estate companies had pushed the idea that owning your own home was safe investment ... the value never went down ... but the bubble collapse punctured that myth ... and contributed to resistance to buying homes ... and increasing percentage of renting.

this provided opening for private equity companies to move into the market buying up large numbers of distressed homes for rental properties and at the same time jacking up the rents.

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

some articles private equity buying up homes for rental market

Private Equity in Rental Housing Market: Bad for Tenants
http://content.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1954160,00.html
Wall Street Is My Landlord; Private Equity's Instant Rental Empire
http://www.bloomberg.com/quicktake/rent-wall-street-is-my-landlord/
Private Equity's Foreclosures for Rentals Net 8%: Mortgages
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-03-13/private-equity-buying-u-s-foreclosures-for-hot-rentals-net-8-mortgages.html
Deutsche Bank Leading Wall Street Rental Loans: Mortgages
http://www.businessweek.com/news/2013-06-17/wall-street-lending-rises-for-private-equity-rentals-mortgages
Major Private Equity and Hedge Funds taking over Rental Market!!!
http://www.prlog.org/12244426-major-private-equity-and-hedge-funds-taking-over-rental-market.html

and then there is this ... attempting to securitize retnals ... in the way they securitized mortgages and blew up the housing market

Congressmen Call for Hearings on Risks of Rental Securtizations
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/01/congressmen-probing-private-equity-landlords-squeeze-tenants-risks-rental-securtizations.html

recent too big to fail still in news about their fraudulent mortgage practices

$86B And Counting: 2014 May Be Wall Street's Worst Year Yet For Mortgage Trouble
http://www.forbes.com/sites/halahtouryalai/2013/12/11/85b-and-counting-2014-may-be-wall-streets-worst-year-yet-for-mortgage-trouble/
US seeks $2.1bn from BofA over mortgage fraud
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/f4ef2adc-89b9-11e3-abc4-00144feab7de,Authorised=false.html?_i_location=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2Ff4ef2adc-89b9-11e3-abc4-00144feab7de.html%3Fsiteedition%3Duk&siteedition=uk&_i_referer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nakedcapitalism.com%2F2014%2F01%2Flinks-13114.html
New York bank regulator stops Ocwen-Wells Fargo deal
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/06/wellsfargo-ocwen-mortgages-idUSL2N0LB1DQ20140206
Judge puts approval of BofA's $8.5 billion mortgage settlement on hold
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/05/us-bankofamerica-mbs-settlement-idUSBREA1402A20140205
Mortgage Crisis Watch
http://www.mortgagecrisiswatch.com/too-big-to-fail/

posts mentioning too big to fail, too big to prosecute, too big to jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2014 12:11:31 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing

... and what private equity is doing to the rental market goes along with some of the stuff that they've done for the health care market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Roayl Pardon For Turing

as well as many other businesses and markets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Obama Officials Cried "Terrorism" to Cover Up a Paperwork Error

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Obama Officials Cried "Terrorism" to Cover Up a Paperwork Error
Date: 16 Feb 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/LPavuYG3n69

How Obama Officials Cried "Terrorism" to Cover Up a Paperwork Error
http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2014/02/no-fly-coverup

Something similar but different is accounted for with a case of Maryland state police and blamed on RDBMS & SQL having relatively RIGID data structure. The official FBI RDBMS had provided for something like 14 classifications ... the Maryland state police were monitoring non-violent protestors and wanted to add them to the FBI but there was no exact match for non-violent protestors.

older reference to above
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ibmconnect.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bloat

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Bloat
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2014 22:22:38 -0500
Marc Auslander <marcslists@gmail.NOSPAM.com> writes:
In the 70's, it was realized that there largest imaginable community of programmers could not keep the growing hardware capacity busy! The error in this analysis was that we started to trade efficient use of hardware against adding useful function. One trend was general purpose middleware such as data base systems replacing custom data base implementations. Another was tolerating bloat, both in size and algorithmic efficiency.

in the 70s there were disagreements between the STL IMS group and the SJR system/r group. The IMS group claiming that system/r doubled the amount of disk space (compared to ims) ... for the implicit index ... and possibly 5-6 times the disk i/os (for reading the index). The system/r counter-argument was that ims required significantly more human management and administration (things that effectively eliminated by system/r structure) ... in part because IMS exposed direct record pointers.

in the 80s, some of the cost/trade-offs was shifting .... disk price/bit significantly dropped mitigating the system/r (rdbms) doubling in disk space ... and system real storage sizes significantly increased allowing caching of indexes ... mitigating disk i/os for reading index records. at the same time ... the explosion in dataprocessing was making DBMS support and administration scarce and more expensive (hardware costs declining and becoming much more available ... while people time was becoming more expensive and amount of people time wasn't keeping up with increase in number of systems).

4300s sold into the mid-range market in similar numbers to vax machines ... for small sized orders ... big difference were corporations ordering hundreds of 4300s and placing them out in departmental areas (sort of the leading edge of distributed computing tsunami).

At the time MVS systems typically required 20-30 support people and IMS possibly having similar requirements. Explosion of distributed systems (and RDBMS) required significant reduction of support staff ... instead of tens of people per system, needing to be able to manage tens of systems (including rdbms) per person.

old email from jim gray about BofA ... early distributed system/r customer with 60 distributed 4341s and chiding me about needing to improve distributed vm/4341 support.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email800311b

other old email mentioning 4300s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx
past posts mentioning system/r
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

this is decade of vax sales, sliced&diced by year, model, us/non-us ... by the mid-80s the mid-range market was starting to move to workstations and larger PCs.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002f.html#0

the 4361/4381s followon to 4331/4341 was expecting to see similar explosion in sales (as 4331/4341) ... but as in the vax numbers ... the market was shifting.

in the 80s, the high-end ckd dasd was 3380s ... but there was only fba (3370s) for the mid-range market ... and able to deploy out into all the departmental areas. since MVS was wedded to CKD ... that precluded MVS from the huge explosion in departmental sales. They eventually came out with CKD simulation on 3370 as 3375 .... however, the enormous people resources required to support MVS didn't scale to huge number of distributed systems.

note that descendent of MVS is still tightly bound to CKD disk ... even though real CKD disks haven't been manufactured for decades.

as an aside, arpanet/internet big switch to internetworking protocol was 1jan1983 ... at the time when there were approx. 100 networking node IMPs and 250-some connected hosts. At the same time, the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes in large part because of the explosion in number of vm/4341s systems ... past posts mentioning internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

now this is recent post about better than 100-fold bloat with respect to electronic commerce (both processing time and payload)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing

past posts on the bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#bloat

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 17 Feb 2014 16:52:57 -0500
Morten Reistad <first@last.name> writes:
I can verify from experience that several mathematically intense economic models are very unstable with 32-bit (23-bit mantissa) that are substantially more stable with 36-bit (26 or 27 bit mantissa). In the transition from the PDP10 to a VAX 750 this lead to a radical increase in runtimes because of the slowness of the 64-bit floating point in the latter.

Some of these racked up a workday of cputime easily.


some recent 4341:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#60 Bloat

one of the areas that 4341 beat vax ... gap closed for 780 with floating point hardware accelerator. I did some benchmarking for LLNL when it was looking at getting a compute farm of 70 4341s:


                  158               3031              4341

Rain              45.64 secs       37.03 secs         36.21 secs
Rain4             43.90 secs       36.61 secs         36.13 secs

also times approx;
                   145                168-3              91
                   145 secs.          9.1 secs          6.77 secs

rain/rain4 was from Lawrence Radiation lab ... and ran on cdc6600 in
35.77 secs.

....

more than decade before working with LLNL on rs/6000 cluster scaleup (eventually turns into "supercomputer").

from:
http://www.roylongbottom.org.uk/whetstone.htm

780 MWIPS DP: w/o FPA .253, w/FPA .760
750 MWIPS DP: .510
4341-1 MWIPS DP: .770


other past posts mentioning doing rain/rain4 benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#0 Is a VAX a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#67 Pentium 4 Prefetch engine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#0 Microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#75 Computers in Science Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#7 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#12 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#19 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#22 CDC6600 - just how powerful a machine was it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#4 misc. old benchmarks (4331 & 11/750)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#68 IBM zSeries in HPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#25 IBM's mini computers--lack thereof
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#31 The Future of CPUs: What's After Multi-Core?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#21 moving on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#54 mainframe performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#37 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#65 Comparing YOUR Computer with Supercomputers of the Past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#40 IBM Watson's Ancestors: A Look at Supercomputers of the Past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#38 DEC/PDP minicomputers for business in 1968?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#53 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 17 Feb 2014 17:41:57 -0800
bernd.oppolzer@T-ONLINE.DE (Bernd Oppolzer) writes:
I could imagine some use cases for a new instruction, that supresses the execution of the next instruction, depending on certain values of the condition code. For example SKIP NEXT INSTRUCTION IF NOT ZERO, or IF ZERO.

This would be much more general than "store on condition", because you could skip every instruction (not only ST), depending on the condition code.

Of course, this needs some extensions to the machine logic, because it must be possible that only the PSW will be incremented but the instruction is not executed, depending on this SKIP condition. But: it saves some branches in some cases.

My question is: if we had such an instruction, how would this fit into the overall machine concept? And: are there some performance benefits, or are there some problems with this approach, which I do not see?


note this is compare-and-swap ... not done for instruction efficiency but serialized atomic operation (CAS are charlie's initials, done when he was working on fine-grain cp67 multiprocessor kernel locking, initial attempts to get it included in 370 were rebuffed by the pok favorite son operating system engineers; challenge was to come up with uses other than just kernel fine grain locking, examples still are included in principles of operation).

one of the major areas of throughput improvement is superscalar and out-of-order execution (basically hardware equivalent of multitasking/multiprogramming to compensate for long delays for memory access on cache misses ... aka latency to memory measured in processor cycles is on the order of 360 disk acces time measured in 360 processor cycles). this has been common in some other architectures for decades ... but recently shows up in transition from z10 to z196 (on the order of half the per processor thruput increase) and additional throughput in z196 to ec12.

big problem for out-of-order execution is conditional branches (or any operation dependent on condition). technology approach is branch prediction (attempts to predict which way condition will go) and speculative execution (go ahead and perform conditional operations ... and if the condition turns out not to perform those operations ... undo/abrogate).

Strictly serialized instruction execution would have each additional instruction resulting in incremental elapsed time. for superscaler out-of-order execution, unconditional branch may be little different than straight sequential execution (modulo increased probability of cache miss). Any conditional operation becomes an issue how early is the condition determined. Some compiler technologies attempt to place condition setting as early as possible with as many (non condition setting) instructions as possible between when the condition is set and when the conditional operation occurs.

there is also register "renaming" where there are more real hardware registers than addressable registers ... speculative execution can proceed concurrently on different possible conditional paths ... with possible different values for the same (addressable) registers. also speculative execution store operation have to be held in abeyance until it is known whether it is the valid path or they are to be discarded.

there is theory work on "code density" ... especially for smaller machines with smaller instruction caches ... improvements in instruction architecture that signifcantly reduces the total bytes of instructions for a program.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 18 Feb 2014 09:38:41 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
The second edition is the older of two manuals for this there; it is dated August 1986. Elsewhere, though, I found that the facility was introduced by IBM in early 1986.

some of the 3090 processor people were scornful of the vector feature ... they claimed that they had gone to a great deal of trouble to optimize scalar floating point that it ran as fast as the memory bus. one of the scenarios for vector is large number of floating point units because the memory bus was much faster than floating point operations (excess memory bus capacity could easily keep multiple floating point units feed).

earlier ... there were IBM external 2938 & 3838 "array processor" boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#34 GA24-3639
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#9 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#32 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes

... and at the time of the 3090vf ... there were floating point systems boxes.

topic drift, in 1980, I had done channel extender support for STL when they moved 300 people from the IMS group to offsite bldg ... and it allowed "local channel attached" 3270s connected back to the STL datacenter ... much better than alternatives. Then I worked with guy in Boulder to do something similar for an IMS support group there. This person then took job running Clementi's E&S center in kingston ... that had 3090 with vector facility ... but also a large number of floating point system boxes. recent reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#5 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)

We worked together putting in a long-haul T1 link into his datacenter ... similar to what we were proposing for the NSF supercomputer centers. old email mentioning work related to interconnect for NSF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet

recent posts mentioning (4341 & vax) floating point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)

other 3090vf references:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#5 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#70 CM-5 Thinking Machines, Supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#68 IBM zSeries in HPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#10 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#20 simd for 390(or z990)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#45 Just another example of mainframe costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#46 How many 36-bit Unix ports in the old days?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#55 IBM Z6 processor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#51 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#68 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#72 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#73 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#74 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#1 Vector processors on the 3090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#32 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#33 390 vector instruction set reuse, was 8-bit bytes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#41 A History Of Mainframe Computing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

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From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Feb 2014 10:56:31 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#62 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

aka the internal operation of the machine ... and the execution elements actually being managed ... are becoming less & less directly related to the external instruction architecture.

for instance, risk architectures have had significant performance advantage over i86 (having pioneered super scalar, out-of-order execution, branch prediction, speculative execution, etc) ... however for the last several generations of server chips ... i86 has gone to hardware layer that translates i86 instructions into risk micro-ops for execution ... which has largely mitigated the difference in throughput between risk and i86. the more sophisticated compilers will include some level of model of the internal execution characteristics as part of code generation.

another feature common in i86 has been hypertheading ... in the 70s, I got sucked into a proposal to do hyperthreading for the 370/195 (that never shipped) ... basically feeding the execution units from two separate (simulated multiprocessor) i-streams. The issue was that 370/195 was out-of-order, superscaler, and pipelined ... but conditional operations stalled the processing (no branch prediction or speculative execution). The issue was that peak 370/195 was around 10mips ... but tended to require very careful coding ... most codes with conditional branching only ran around 5mips. the idea was that two i-streams, each running around 5mips throughput (because of conditional branch processing stalling the machine) ... it would achieve 10mips aggregate throughput.

360/91, 360/195, 370/195 discussed here
http://www.quadibloc.com/comp/pan05.htm

the above talks about cycle time of 91, 95, & 195 ... basically the same 750ns memory used in the 65 & 75. Originally the 360/60 and 360/70 was going to have 1ms memory ... but it was upgraded to 750ns ... and the model numbers changed.

65/(67) & 75 did double word fetch at a time ... for the i-stream it kept the full 8-bytes around ... so it didn't require a separate memory fetch for every instructions. the timing values for the machines include instruction execution and other data/store fetch memory times plus a prorated amount for instruction fetch (assuming execution normally proceeds sequentially) ... aka a 2byte instruction includes 1/4th of 750ns instruction fetch, a 4byte instruction includes 1/2th of 750ns instruction fetch, a 6byte instsruction includes 3/4th of 750ns instruction fetch.

the hypertheading gimmick had been proposed in the ACS-360 effort
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

see "Sidebar: Multithreading" in above ... which is followed by another sidebar about acs-360 features that finally show up 20yrs later in es/9000. Earlier in the article Amdahl talks about IBM executives shutting down the effort because it would advance the computing state-of-the-art too fast and they would loose control of the market.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
Date: 18 Feb 2014
Blog: IBMers
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

as an aside, UCSD Business School Boyd innovation conference will have Chuck Spinney and some number of the other Boyd acolytes (I won't be able to make). Also not there will be Burton (who did make last falls Boyd conference at quantico) ... who wrote about some of his experiences ... and HBO turned into a movie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars#Historical_background

Note that in late 90s, congress had GAO do a study/report about paying workers below living wage cost in gov. services. It found on avg. that it cost gov. services an avg. of $10K/year/worker (basically a form of gov subsidy to those industries paying below living wage). I don't know if it wasn't the answer congress was looking for ... but I haven't been able to find an update or more recent version of study/report. The closest are recent news reports that the avg. Walmart store costs an extra million dollars in gov. services (for walmart employees because of the below living wage, again an indirect form of gov. subsidy).

IBM to cut 15,000
http://www.thehindu.com/business/ibm-to-cut-15000-jobs-globally-layoffs-start-from-bangalore/article5689540.ece

late 70 transferred from the science center to san jose research. early 80s wrote an open door (after being with the company for over a decade) that I was vastly underpaid. I got back detailed written response from head of HR that after a review of my complete employee history, I was being paid exactly what I was suppose to. I took the original opendoor, the written response and wrote a cover letter that I was being asked to interview new hires for a new department that I was suppose to provide technical direction for and they were being offered 30% more than I was making. I never got any acknowledgement, but a couple weeks later I got a 30% raise ... now equal to the starting offers being made to the new hires (I was interviewing). the company will say whatever it wants to, several times in my career people have had to remind me that "business ethics" is an oxymoron.

the open door was about the time they told the corporate executive committee about online computer conferencing (and the internal network) which I was being blamed for ... folklore was that 5of6 wanted to fire me ... one of the problems was a lot of the company datacenters ran production operating systems that I built and supported (including world-wide sales and marketing HONE systems

posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html
posts mentioning HONE system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
posts mentioning online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
posts mentioning the internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
posts mentioning the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

posts mentioning opendoor and then 30% raise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#74 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#28 How to Stuff a Wild Duck

posts mentioning GAO study ... effectively gov. subsidizes corporations that pay substandard wages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#18 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#24 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#2 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
Date: 18 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#51 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

Is The F-35 Worth It? -- 60 Minutes/CBS
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/02/60-minutes-looks-at-f-35-program.html

"The fact that the supporters of the F-35 program had to invite 60 Minutes for a puff piece tells me that there is a problem."

... snip ...

Many probably thought this way on December 6, 1941
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/many-probably-thought-this-way-on.html

pieces of F35 discussion someplace else on Facebook

Note there were reports that middle of last decade that a lot of F22/stealth (and f35) design specs leaked out to possible adversaries/competitors
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_Martin_F-22_Raptor
start mid-80s, first flew 97, "introduced" 2005.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_Martin_F-22_Raptor#Upgrades

Above mentions new durable stealth coating. Other (public) reports is that stealth coating is a major maintenance issue because it can be difficult to determine whether it has been done correctly.

One of the issues is the record for both F22&F35 is 20yrs or more development process. Resetting to zero leaves enormous gap. However, at Naval Academy conference one comment was that in the previous year, over 100 different UAVs had gone from idea to deployment

1990 the US auto industry had the "C4" task force to look at completely remaking themselves in the face of foreign competition ... and because they were planning on making heavy use of technology ... they had technology vendors present. One of the points was that standard US process was 7-8yrs elapsed from idea to rolling off the line. In the previous decade, the competition had cut that in half ... and were in process of cutting it in half again. I would chide the (IBM) mainframe brethren (offline) how could they expect to contribute when they had the exact same problem.

posts menition auto.c4 taskforce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#auto.c4.taskforce

Boyd's briefings on (faster) OODA-loop ... I was able to use in the (auto) C4 taskforce. Boyd's discussion of fighter pilot manual and characterizing plane operational characteristics ... was to overlap yours with adversary and then train to operate in the region where you have the advantage. The current 20+yr DOD cycle is non-competitive especially when lots of the work appears to be constantly leaking to competitors. As aside, the lack of better observation is also one of the criticisms of the f35 and would contribute to selection of mission profiles.

Note differentiating factor is increasingly being dominated by electronics and software ... and china is rapidly passing US is several areas ... they have the #1 spot on the supercomputer list that is at least twice as fast as any other. Several have raised the issue that there is becoming increasing problem with US defense electronic components being built in China.

90s, over half of adv technical degrees at cal univ were to students born on the other side of the Pacific ... Similar ratio working in silicon valley responsible for hi-tech/internet ... although since then some number returning home

Boyd, Eisenhower, Chuck Spinney, etc warnings about MICC is they make money out of it

posts mentioning boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

My analogy with IBM in the 70s was approaching black hole ... then ran across article that black holes can evaporate. Is this the DOD analogy

Reminds me of some discussions in IBM
They say no problems Somebody says there are problems, They say we have to have a balanced discussion

I got a lot of that in the 70s ridiculing the failing FS effort (nearly took down the company) credited with change in corporate culture from open debate to make no waves and sycophants ... because top executives had careers tied to the effort

fairly typical of MICC would appear to be Success of Failure scenario (i.e. directors during the period are all from MICC/armed services)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

where whistleblower reported to responsible people in congress ... and then was charged with the same offenses as recent incident ... even though there was no public discloser of classified information ... charges only relatively recently dismissed. only threat would seem to be to senior bureaucrats careers ... again similar to the IBM FS fiasco (From Ferguson/Morris Computer Wars):

... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat

... and:

But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrongheadedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.

... snip ...

even Hugh Laurie works the extreme MICC self-serving characterization into his novel and typically how lopsided the sides in any disagreement. Boyd tells of spending 18m on Spinney's 1983 Time article making sure everything was covered in writing ... even though it involved no classified information ... anticipating that the SECDEF was going to try and get Spinney jailed (which he tried). Boyd would claim that SECDEF then created new information classification "NOSPIN" ... unclassified but not to be provided to Spinney.

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

re: Success Of Failure, sometime last decade, before ic-arda
https://web.archive.org/web/20050828171703/http://www.ic-arda.org/about_arda.htm
turns into iarpa
http://www.iarpa.gov/whatis.html

we got a call asking us to respond to unclassified BAA, it was the last day and nobody else had responded ... it basically said that none of the tools they had did the job. We wrote a response and then had some meetings that we could do what was needed ... and then nothing. Later we were told that senior management had told the analyst (responsible for the BAA) that he hadn't sufficiently proven to them that what they currently had didn't work. Somewhat baffling was why they allowed him to release the BAA at all ... even more baffling is how the Success of Failure events unfolded

Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

another from feral jundi:

The New F-35 Fighter Jet Can Be Taken Down Without A Bullet Ever Being Fired
http://www.businessinsider.com/f-35-hackers-2014-2

url refs from above:

Can the U.S. military's new jet fighter be hacked?
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/can-the-f-35-be-hacked/
New Tests Find Significant Cracking In The F-35
http://www.businessinsider.com/tests-find-cracking-in-the-new-f-35-2014-1
AIR FORCE: 'If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
http://www.businessinsider.com/david-cenciotti-the-f-35-fleet-will-be-irrelevant-2014-2
PENTAGON: The F-35 Program Still Has 'Unacceptable' Problems
http://www.businessinsider.com/pentagon-report-rips-f-35-program-2014-1

Hugh Laurie's novel has account of the venal, corrupt, self-serving MICC ... but from the annals of truth is stranger than fiction ... there is Boyd's story of the F16. After revamping the F15 design, he is working on what will become the F16 and using enormous amounts of supercomputer time (for the design, more cyber/software is increasingly becoming major differentiation). The head of the company producing the F15 goes to the sec. of the air force and demands Boyd be thrown in Leavenworth for the rest of his life. The logic is Boyd isn't authorized to work on the F16, so his supercomputer use is unauthorized; therefor charge him with theft of millions of dollars of gov. property. Fortunately Boyd has anticipated how corrupt the MICC can be and left almost no trail of his supercomputer use (also helps explain how careful he was leading up to the '83 time cover spinney article). Similarly in the Success of Failure scenario, the agency makes the same charges against the whistleblower as in the most recent case ... even though that whistleblower has only reported the violations to congress and there is no release of classified information.

Journalism Fail: All the Sources in Stealth Jet Story Are PAID to Praise the Plane
https://medium.com/war-is-boring/3914aaf3ce5d
Here's What 60 Minutes Didn't Tell You About the F-35
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2014/02/heres-what-60-minutes-didnt-tell-you-about-the-f-35.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 18 Feb 2014 23:09:02 -0500
"Lanto J." <lantoj78@gmail.com> writes:
Yeah, that is the other real advantage with variable rate mortgages, you can see very low rates when central banks have chosen to have very low interest rates to stimulate the economy. Those US fixed rate mortgages don't ever see those very low interest rates.

long-winded old post from jan1999
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#riskm

securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages. in the late 90s we were asked to look at improving the integrity of the supporting documents used in securitized mortgages as countermeasure.

however, when they found that they could pay rating agencies for triple-A rating (even when rating agencies realized they weren't worth triple-A) the found that they could do no-documentation loans. triple-A trumps supporting documents and with no supporting documents, there is no long any need for supporting document integrity. With triple-A they no longer had to care about anything ... except how fast they could turn over the mortgages and how big they could make the mortgages (triple-a trumps down-payments, documentation, loan quality and borrower's qualifications). some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

the other thing mentioned in the post was that Citi had been the large player in the mortgage market ... but then realized that adjustable rate mortgages could take down the institution ... they unloaded their mortgage portfolio and got out of the business ... and still almost went under ... requiring a private bailout to stay in business.

roll forwarded to last decade ... citi has been taken over ... in violation of glass-steagall (they lobby washington for repeal of glass-steagall enabling too big to fail) and all institutional knowledge about problems with adjustable rate mortgages has been lost. End of 2008, the four too big to fail are still carrying $5.2T in triple-A rated toxic CDOs
Bank's Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akv_p6LBNIdw&refer=home

out of the over $27T done during the bubble
Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c

and Citi is carry the most of the $5.2T (of the four at the end of 2008) and also requires the biggest bailout to continue operating.

posts mentioning Pecora hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economists and our responsibilities to society

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Economists and our responsibilities to society
Date: 18 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.enlightenmenteconomics.com/blog/index.php/2014/02/economists-and-society/

wallstreet capturing economists, similar to capture of regulatory agencies, as the economic mess was hitting the fan there was recommendation to wallstreet to tieup/capture as many economists as possible for the future hearings and studies about what to do about the mess.

"Inside Job"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inside_Job_%28film%29#Part_IV:_Accountability
Inside Job. The documentary. Online. For free.
http://blaqswans.org/2013/07/inside-job/
Inside Job
http://www.filmsforaction.org/watch/inside_job_2010/

Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.amazon.com/Economists-Powerful-Convenient-Distorted-ebook/dp/B009K44OW2
loc72-74:

Only through having been caught so blatantly with their noses in the troughs (e.g. the 2011 Academy Award-winning documentary Inside Job) has the American Economic Association finally been forced to adopt an ethical code, and that code is weak and incomplete compared with other disciplines.

loc957-62:

The AEA was pushed into action by a damning research report into the systematic concealment of conflicts of interest by top financial economists and by a letter from three hundred economists who urged the association to come up with a code of ethics. Epstein and Carrick-Hagenbarth (2010) have shown that many highly influential financial economists in the US hold roles in the private financial sector, from serving on boards to owning the respective companies. Many of these have written on financial regulation in the media or in scholarly papers. Very rarely have they disclosed their affiliations to the financial industry in their writing or in their testimony in front of Congress, thus concealing a potential conflict of interest.

... snip ..

Note the book starts out with cases of major universities firing and blackballing economists over the years, that happen to write papers that the rich&powerful found objectionable

other

Glenn Hubbard, Leading Academic and Mitt Romney Advisor, Took 1200 an Hour to Be Countrywide's Expert Witness
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/blogs/taibblog/glenn-hubbard-leading-academic-and-mitt-romney-advisor-took-1200-an-hour-to-be-countrywides-expert-witness-20121220
The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street; Academics get paid by financial firms to testify against Dodd-Frank regulations. What's wrong with this picture?
http://www.thenation.com/article/176809/scholars-who-shill-wall-street
Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/28/business/academics-who-defend-wall-st-reap-reward.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
Date: 18 Feb 2014
Blog: IBMers
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'

Much of what goes on is manipulating the numbers to meet objectives in the c-suite compensation plans ... older article about what goes on.

HBR Blows The Lid Off C-Suite Over-Compensation
http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/02/22/hbr-blows-the-lid-off-c-suite-over-compensation/

There is old tale about after the company goes into the red and is being reorganized into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up (and before Gerstner is brought in to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company), there are lots of complaints that the c-suite is spending all its time manipulating the books and moving expenses from the following year into the current year (and paying no attention to running the company). The later explanation is that the executives get no bonuses for the current year ... because it has gone into the red ... but moving expenses from the following year into the current year allows the following year to show a slight profit. The claim is that the way the executive bonus plan is written, it is percent change ... which results in the following year bonus that is more than twice as large than any previous bonus paid (in effect, the executives are rewarded for taking the company into the red).

Trivia: long ago and far away ... my wife was brought in to be chief architect for Amadeus (new euro res system based off the old eastern airlines system/one). One of the first things is deciding interconnect and she goes with x.25. However the SNA forces are lobbying hard behind the scenes and quickly get her replaced. It doesn't do any good ... Amadeus goes with x.25 anyway.

posts mentioning gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

posts mentioning amadeus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#49 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#50 Did AT&T offer Unix to Digital Equipment in the 70s?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#76 Other oddball IBM System 360's ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#67 unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#47 What makes a mainframe a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#6 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#7 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004m.html#27 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#23 Demo: Things in Hierarchies (w/o RM/SQL)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#29 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#22 System/360; Hardwired vs. Microcoded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#8 EBCDIC to 6-bit and back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#4 How Many 360/195s and 370/195s were shipped?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#9 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#14 Why so little parallelism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#19 Pennsylvania Railroad ticket fax service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#52 US Air computers delay psgrs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#12 The Perfect Computer - 36 bits?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#72 The top 10 dead (or dying) computer skills
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#59 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#45 64 gig memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#53 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#19 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#34 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#41 Automation is still not accepted to streamline the business processes... why organizations are not accepting newer technologies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#55 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#59 "Portable" data centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#23 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#16 Sabre Talk Information?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#17 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOS or Windows, doesn't matter)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#41 Looking for a real Fortran-66 compatible PC compiler (CP/M or DOSor Windows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#14 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#74 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#77 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#8 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#9 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#52 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#5 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#41 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#13 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2014 10:46:04 -0500
Stephen Sprunk <stephen@sprunk.org> writes:
I read a firsthand account from an economics professor who presented his new model for predicting which borrowers would default to a room full of frowning mortgage industry executives. At the end, one of them stood up and told him that he completely missed the point because "all of [their] profits came from foreclosures." The other executives cheered.

as the economy was crashing there were lots of articles figure pointing trying to blame the models for not correctly evaluating the risks being taken by the wallstreet too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

the came the articles calling for business independence for risk managers ... and lots of risk manager/department stories about how the business executives forced them to fiddle the inputs until the business executives got the desired outputs ... aka GIGO. The stories about blaming the risk models was pure misdirection and obfuscation.

they have come up with a new way of gaming the system ... the too big to fail have been "fined" billions for their fraudulent mortgage practices with the money going into fund to compensate their victims. The recent story is companies hired to manage the fund and disperse the funds ... are actually run by some of the same people ... pocketing enormous fees for running the operation ... and people that have been harmed to the tune of hundreds of thousands ... getting a couple hundred dollar check.

another issue is having done all these no-documentation mortgages ... states require several legal documents in order to perform a foreclosure ... which they started illegally fabricated ... and when the illegal document mills were exposed, the government turns a blind eye.

some past posts mentioning MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#24 What Is MERS and What Role Does It Have in the Foreclosure Mess?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#69 Moody's hints at move that could be catastrophic for US debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#40 Ernst & Young sued for fraud over Lehman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#23 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#22 Is BitCoin a triple entry system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#13 'Megalomania, Insanity' Fueled Bubble: Munger
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#21 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#16 Feds Launch Probe Into S&P Mortgage Rates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#67 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#24 AMERICA IS BROKEN, WHAT NOW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#19 "Buffett Tax" and truth in numbers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#38 The Death of MERS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#46 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#48 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#49 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#10 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#40 Who Increased the Debt?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#66 Predator GE: We Bring Bad Things to Life
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#69 Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#6 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#8 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#20 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#41 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#79 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#51 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#55 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#56 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#12 Why Auditors Fail To Detect Frauds?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#26 Why bankers rule the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#69 Can Open Source Ratings Break the Ratings Agency Oligopoly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#73 These Two Charts Show How The Priorities Of US Companies Have Gotten Screwed Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#45 Nate Silver is Not Just Wrong, but Maliciously Wrong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#32 REFRPROT History Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#68 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#66 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

assembler

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: assembler
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Feb 2014 07:51:14 -0800
dasdbill2@COMCAST.NET (DASDBILL2) writes:
Since virtual storage is now so much less expensive and so much more available than storage [1] was 50 years ago, why not be really extravagant and use one whole byte per store? If the byte contains 0, then the store number is not valid, or something like that, and if the byte contains anything other than 0, then the store number is valid. This should result in much simpler code to access this table. Bill Fairchild Nolensville, TN

[1] In those days, there was no virtual or real storage available on IBM's mainframes. There was only "storage".


account of justification for moving MVT to virtual memory aka MVT had significant efficiency issues with storage allocation, move to virtual memory would allow running 16 concurrent tasks in 1mbyte machine with little or no paging (MVT typically only used 25% of storage in region)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

as aside, 360/67 was modified 360/65 with addition of hardware virtual memory ... originally intended for tss/360 ... tss/360 never did reach production quality ... so a lot of places would run them in straight 360/65 mode. However univ of michigan wrote their own virtual memory operating system, MTS. Stanford also wrote their own virtual memory system Orvyl (where Wylbur editor was originally implemented).

and of course the science center did virtual machine cp67 ... some past posts mentioning cp67
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

actually the science center got a 360/40, made their own hardware modifications to support virtual memory and did cp40 .... pending availability of 360/67 (at which time, cp40 morphs into cp67).

even tho MVT move to virtual memory ... initially SVS (later morphs into MVS), was planning on doing little actual paging ... their design of page replacement algorithm was still important ... and I got into a big argument that they had done some things very wrong. It wasn't until well into MVS product cycle that somebody realized how wrong ... it turns out that they were selecting non-changed, high-use, shared linkpack pages for replacement ahead of selecting lower use, private, changed data pages.

An example of horrible use of storage locality was the initial port of APL\360 to CP67/CMS for CMS\APL. In the APL\360 environment, workspaces were typically 16kbytes (or sometimes 32kbytes) and a complete workspace was swapped as whole unit ... so locality of use played little importance. However, CMS\APL had workspace was large as virtual memory. The original APL\360 implementation would allocate a new storage location for every assignment ... and when it completely exhausted workspace ... it would do garbage collection and collect all data to contiguous area of storage ... and then start again. Even a small APL program could repeatedly touch every available workspace storage location. In the APl\360 swapping environment this was hardly noticed. In CMS\APL demand page environment with workspace as large as virtual memory ... as "small" APL program would through the machine into "page-thrashing". As part of the creation of CMS\APL ... the APL\360 storage management had to be redone to make it extremely virtual memory friendly.

trivia ... CMS\APL with large-sized workspaces and also introduced an API for accessing system services ... like file read/write ... allowed use for real-world applications. One such was Armonk business planners used it for modeling IBM business .... loading the most valuable of corporate assets (all the customer details) on the science center cp67 and using it remotely from Armonk. This also required some amount of security ... since the science center machine was also in use by students&staff at various Cambridge/Boston educational institutions.

Being able to do real-world applications in CMS\APL gave rise to the HONE system for world-wide sales&marketing support ... some past posts mentioning HONE &/or APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

the science center was also on the forefront of performance modeling, performance monitoring, workload & system profiling, etc ... some of which later evolves into things like capacity planning.

One of the tools started out using the REDCAP full instruction trace program from POK to capture all instruction/storage fetch&store refs and model it for things like locality of reference in virtual memory paged environment. This was used as aid in moving apl\360 to cms\apl. As it got more sophisticated, it was used for semi-automated program reorganization for improved operation in virtual memory environment. Several of the large OS/360 application development groups also started using it as part of their move from MVT real-storage to virtual memory environment (also was used for simple "hot-spot" monitoring). This was eventually released to customers as "VS/Repack" product.

A lot of the work that was done in the 60s and 70s for optimizing throughput in virtual memory environment is now applicable for optimizing throughput in processor cache environment.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2014 12:21:47 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Taking a few moments to further refresh my memory, I find that the Convex C-1 dated from 1985; that was the Cray clone with which I had confused the ETA 10.

One account says that the Cyber 205 solved the flaws in the STAR-100, and it did have 256 double-precision registers, which is half the register space of the Cray's vector registers.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

old post with various super & super-mini articles product nos from late 80s & early 90s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#70 CM-5 Thinking Machines, Supercomputers

above has quote about how clusters caught IBM by "suprise" ... this also mentions move to clusters (as well as lots of other details)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercomputer

i've claimed recently that it started (at least) with things like LLNL looking at computer farm of 70 4341s in the late 70s.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)

also working with NSF on linking together the NSF supercomputer centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#85 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!

I've periodically mentioned having worked on cluster scaleup for ha/cmp with both national labs and rdbms vendors ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

and within hrs of last email in the that list ... it was transferred, we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors ... and it was announced as supercomputer for numerical intensive and scientific only ... reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and then the caught by surpise comment (repeat)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

predating medusa ... this is email about earlier processor cluster work ... and the same time as working on linking NSF supercomputers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email850314
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email850315
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email870315

other ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

being told can't work on anything with more than four processors is major motivation in deciding to leave later that year.

I had mentioned Clementi's E&S center with lots of floating point system boxes ... there was also an other organization in kingston that was supposed to be developing a supercomputer (the group was also providing funds for steve chen's supercomputer company ... chen had previously done ymp at cray). End of Oct1991, a senior VP retires and all the projects he was supporting are audited (including the kingston supercomputer group). After that, they start to scour the company looking for technology that could be used for supercomputer.

We possibly wouldn't have had as much problems if we had stuck to just working with the national labs on computational intensive stuff ... but the work on RDBMS scaleup was a threat to the commercial mainframe business group. Reference to "medusa" scaleup for RDBMS in this post about Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

trivia ... the wiki article mentions 1970s, Cray-1 used in aerodynamic research. I met Boyd in the early 80s and use to sponsor his briefings at IBM. When he became head of lightweight fighter plane design at the pentagon ... he reworked the F15 design, significantly improving it ... and then started work on the F16. The head of the F15 company went to the sec. of airforce and asked for Boyd to be thrown in Leavenworth for the rest of his life because there was no authorization to do the F16; Boyd was using enormous amounts of supercomputer time for the F16 effort and they wanted it charged as theft of millions of dollars of gov. property (unauthorized computer use). Fortunately, Boyd had anticipated the venal, corrupt, self-serving of the military-industrial complex and left no evidence of his computer use. posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
misc. past posts mentioning boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2014 12:35:08 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Also, I see that the single-precision only IBM 2938 dates from 1968, and its improved successor the IBM 3838 was from 1974, so IBM had been in vector processing before 1986. Little information about these very rare units is on the web.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

first up in search engine is
http://www.slideshare.net/arifch2009/ibm-3838-19066487

mark only mnetions it in his history
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/epic.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

assembler

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: assembler
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Feb 2014 09:52:21 -0800
tony@HARMINC.NET (Tony Harminc) writes:
In my circles the term "core" survived for quite a long time after the introduction of the first 370 models with non magnetic-core storage (the 158 and 168, followed closely by the lower end 138, 148 and so on). And amusingly the UNIX people still use "core" in some contexts, much as they use "print" in a way long dissociated from ink on paper.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#71 asssembler

folklore I was told was IBM's move to the term "virtual storage" was because of patent on "virtual memory".

there was possibly ancillary reason ... supposedly tss/360 was move to "single level store" .... programmer/application not seeing difference between memory access and file accesss ... all appeared the same. in the early 70s, the future system effort ... which was going to totally replace 360/370 ... was heavily "single level store" and overlapped os/360 movement to "virtual memory".

however, part of tss/360 was very poor optimization for accessing data on disk in its "single level store". I took a lot of what I saw tss/360 did wrong when I did my cms paged-mapped filesystem on cp67 at the scientific center in the early 70s. The FS effort wasn't any better than what tss/360 had been doing ... and one of the reasons I would periodically ridicule FS (which probably wasn't the most career enhancing activity). In any case, that was just one of the things that contributed to the failure of FS ... misc. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

I suspect that over the years a lot of the stuff I was doing internally would ship in products ... the reputation that page-mapped filesystem got from the tss/360 and Future System implementations contributed to not shipping my cms paged mapped filesystem (although i could show factor of three times throughput improvement for moderately filesystem intensive applications).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bloat

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Bloat
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:31:41 -0500
Jon Elson <jmelson@wustl.edu> writes:
I knew somebody who worked with their IAPX-32 system, as I recall it was an object oriented CPU, and he said it was spectacularly slow. Not sure if that one has any relation to the ISIS.

iapx-432?

acm sigops circa 1980 at asilomar ... part of the 432 group gave presentation ... one of the issues was that they put high level complex operating system stuff into silicon ... everytime they found operating system bug they had to generate new silicon (I've periodically commented that I had done something similar for a special 370 a few years earlier ... but it was microcode ... so much easier to fix "bugs").

overview/intro references both the s/38 and burroughs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#48 Famous Machines and Software that didn't

future system effort had all sorts of stuff ... some drift recent post mentioning FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#74 assembler
posts mentioning FS effort
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

folklore is that after FS failed, several retreated to rochester and did s/38 ... recent reference:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#68 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#84 CPU time

other past posts mentioning 432:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#112 OS/360 names and error codes (was: Humorous and/or Interesting Opcodes)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#61 TF-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#57 iAPX-432 (was: 36 to 32 bit transition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#62 iAPX-432 (was: 36 to 32 bit transition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#6 Ridiculous
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#54 FBA History Question (was: RE: What's the meaning of track overfl ow?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#36 What was object oriented in iAPX432?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001k.html#2 Minimalist design (was Re: Parity - why even or odd)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#32 Number of combinations in five digit lock? (or: Help, my brain hurts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#27 iAPX432 today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#46 IBM Mainframe at home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#19 Computer Architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#5 Anyone here ever use the iAPX432 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#11 computers and alcohol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#5 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#6 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#17 diffence between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#54 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#55 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#56 Reviving Multics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#23 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#24 Intel iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#47 Intel 860 and 960, was iAPX 432
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#12 real multi-tasking, multi-programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#52 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#60 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#64 Will multicore CPUs have identical cores?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#73 Athlon cache question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#64 Misuse of word "microcode"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#46 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#29 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#35 Implementing schedulers in processor????
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#31 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#47 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#3 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#42 Why is zSeries so CPU poor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#44 Any resources on VLIW?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#15 "25th Anniversary of the Personal Computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#57 Turbo C 1.5 (1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#7 32 or even 64 registers for x86-64?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#61 ISA Support for Multithreading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#32 Is the media letting banks off the hook on payment card security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#36 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#27 'Man in the browser' is new threat to online banking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#41 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#91 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#95 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#31 1975 movie "Three Days of the Condor" tech stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#35 U.S. Identity Theft at Record Level in 2007
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#78 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#89 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#54 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#32 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#35 Two views of Microkernels (Re: Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008k.html#22 CLIs and GUIs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#8 Fraud due to stupid failure to test for negative
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#9 New Research Reveals 45% of Card Breach Victims Lose Confidence in Their Financial Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#63 Study: Data breaches continue to get more costly for businesses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#52 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#32 Why are z/OS people reluctant to use z/OS UNIX?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#13 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#18 Microprocessors with Definable MIcrocode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#46 U.S. begins inquiry of IBM in mainframe market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#74 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#1 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#45 IA64
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#8 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#40 Faster image rotation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#22 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#28 Personal histories and IBM computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#7 RISCversus CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#91 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#40 Delinquent Homeowners to Get Mortgage Aid from Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#65 Architecture / Instruction Set / Language co-design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#79 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#2 68000 assembly language programming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#15 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#42 i432 on Bitsavers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#29 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#14 International Business Marionette
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#57 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#40 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#21 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#33 Delay between idea and implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

assembler

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: assembler
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 19 Feb 2014 13:56:31 -0800
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:
Look at the current "System i". It really looks a lot like what has been discussed here. It has, theoretically, a 128 bit virtual addresses. Everything is an object. It has the single level storage so there aren't really any "disk files" as such. And once an address has been associated with an object, that address will _never_ again be used for some other object. So when an object is freed, its address becomes unavailable. Thus it is impossible to access a freed object or accidentally use an old address to access a different object.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#71 assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#74 assembler

folklore is that when future system failed, several people retreated to rochester and did (a "simplified" as) the s/38, capability, single level store, etc.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

One of the simplification was treating all disk as common allocation pool with scatter allocation. As a result, the complete infrastructure had to backed up as single operation ... and any single disk failure resulted in having to make a complete restore of everything ... restore after a single disk failure could take a day or more. As a result, s/38 was early adopter of RAID ... patent issued to San Jose disk engineer late 70s.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID

AS/400 was follow-on to combination of s/38 & s/36 ... single-level store retained ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i
but capability-based address was dropped.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System_i#History

circa 1980 there was an effort to replace large number of internal microprocessors with 801/risc Iliad chips (4361/4381 followon to 4331/4341, as/400, lots of controller microprocessors, etc) ... for various reasons ... those efforts floundered and they continued business as usual with customer cisc chips.

later in the 90s, the as/400 was part of the AIM (apple, ibm, motorola) group doing power/pc (single chip 801/risc) activity and finally moved to 801/risc (now system i).

past posts 801, risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

as an aside, after the failure of the 1980 effort to move to 801/risc ... some number of the chip engineers left and show up on risc projects at other vendors.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bloat

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Bloat
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2014 17:27:37 -0500
Peter Flass <Peter_Flass@Yahoo.com> writes:
Lynn mentioned the relative resource requirements of IMS and System/r. I didn't notice that he didn't mention that custom databases like IMS, IDMS, etc. were also much more efficient than relational, but that was the tradeoff. Instead of a group of experts producing a customized designs we have the "throw it all into the pot and we'll sort it out later" school of design.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#60 Bloat
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#75 Bloat

the original sql/relational was done on vm/370 370/145 at ibm san jose research
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

however predating sql was 4th generation languages also done on (virtual machine based cp67 &/or vm370) some of the online service bureaus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#timeshare

RAMIS, NOMAD, FOCUS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramis_Software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomad_software
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOCUS

one of the issues with normalization was that it doesn't scale ... tends to be very targeted mission specific. typical case study was large corporation that had 6000 different RDBMS which had something like 90% of information in common. A typical case might be a a department borrowing some other departmental RDBMS and throwing out the stuff it didn't need and adding other stuff.

I've also mentioned before experience of NIH's national library of medicine putting UMLS (organization of medical knowledge) in RDBMS ... initial effort took 18m elapsed time ... but most of the stuff still remained unnormalized ... just organized as RDBMS linear tables w/o unique primary values. Then it was taking 12m elapsed time to process 6m of new medical knowledge organization.

another problem is that SQL doesn't handle "unknowns" well ... i.e. for some entities that values haven't yet been discovered/known ... 3-value logic. Part of the issue is that SQL queries doing 3-value logic tends to result in the opposite of what is intuitively expected.

disclaimer: same time I was doing system/r stuff ... I also got con'ed into working on a different kind of relational ... that was even less machine efficient than sql/relational ... but was much more human efficient.

some past RAMIS, NOMAD, FOCUS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#15 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#17 CA-RAMIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#12 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#15 Dreaming About Redesigning SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#15 Pre-relational, post-relational, 1968 CODASYL "Survey of Data Base Systems"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#44 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#35 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#37 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#37 Quote from comp.object
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#17 Newbie question on table design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#54 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#55 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#58 Senior Java Developer vs. MVS Systems Programmer (warning: Conley rant)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#21 What non-IBM software products have been most significant to the mainframe's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#26 Global Sourcing with Cloud Computing and Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#63 VMSHARE Archives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#55 Maybe off topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#69 "Best" versus "worst" programming language you've used?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#1 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#60 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#51 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#84 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#30 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#56 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#57 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#16 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#62 Google F1 was: Re: MongoDB

some past posts mentioning UMLS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#26 Misc. more on bidirectional links
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#27 History of Microsoft Word (and wordprocessing in general)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#1 Off-topic everywhere [was: Re: thee and thou
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#45 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#50 XML, AI, Cyc, psych, and literature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#53 c.d.theory glossary (repost)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004f.html#7 The Network Data Model, foundation for Relational Model
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#52 Specifying all biz rules in relational data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#67 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#0 Relational vs network vs hierarchic databases
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#57 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#45 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#47 Where should the type information be?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#74 Speculation ONLY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#10 Boyd & Beyond 2010, review at Zenpundit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#39 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base

some past posts mentioning 3-value logic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#40 How to cope with missing values - NULLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#75 NULL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#15 Amusing acronym
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#35 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#19 Implementation of boolean types
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#20 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#23 So what's null then if it's not nothing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#33 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#34 CJ Date on Missing Information
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#27 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#21 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#30 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#1 "The Elements of Programming Style"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#34 Is the Relational Database Doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#32 Old-school programming techniques you probably don't miss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#30 SQL injection attack claims 132,000+
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#65 You know you've been Lisp hacking to long when
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#6 "hexadecimal"?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 19 Feb 2014 18:28:45 -0500
greymausg <maus@mail.com> writes:
Part of our problem is that the banks here, before the crises broke, offered mortgages linked to the EU central banks rate. The lucky takers now have mortgages for very low interest rates, and the banks are losing a fortune. (Even at that, some people are unable to pay, the price of the house (capital) far above what they could afford). (AsFarAsIKnow, early years of a mortgage, most of your payments are interest, later years, capital?). The Banks are going apeshit about this, and are offering various desirable deal to get the mortgagees on to ordinary mortgages.

then there is libor fraud
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libor_scandal
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/libor-scandal/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-26228635
http://money.cnn.com/2012/12/19/news/companies/ubs-libor-us-fine/
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/everything-is-rigged-the-biggest-financial-scandal-yet-20130425

from above:
You may have heard of the Libor scandal, in which at least three -- and perhaps as many as 16 -- of the name-brand too-big-to-fail banks have been manipulating global interest rates, in the process messing around with the prices of upward of $500 trillion (that's trillion, with a "t") worth of financial instruments.

... snip ...

posts mentioning libor fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor

and the latest is claimed to be worse than libor
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-01-16/metals-currency-rigging-worse-than-libor-bafin-s-koenig-says.html
http://rt.com/business/currency-rigging-worse-libor-759/
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/01/top-german-regulator-precious-metal-currency-manipulation-worse-libor.html
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-16/precious-metals-manipulation-worse-libor-german-regulator-says
http://wchildblog.com/2014/01/24/worse-than-libor-rigging/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 10:12:05 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing

more private equity buying up distressed home properties, renting them out ... and securitizing the rents

Rental Income Falls 7.6% in Three Months in Blackstone's First Home Lease Securtization
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/rental-income-fall-7-6-three-months-blackstones-first-home-lease-securtization.html

from above:
As we discussed in ECONNED, dealers do not want to wind up stuck with the riskiest inventory from securitizations, so the ability to sell these deals is constrained by the ability to place the more speculative tranches. For subprime mortgage backed securities, the way to escape these limits was to create CDOs, which became a Ponzi (the risky tranches of CDOs were similarly unwanted and were sold to other CDOs). We've discussed other risks to these deals, such as localities imposing tougher conditions on absentee landlords and regulators taking an interest in the servicing of rental properties. So the jury remains out as to whether this deal was the beachhead for a new product category, or whether investors were foolish to be buying what Blackstone was selling.

... snip ...

Rents Used to Pay Blackstone Leased-Home Bonds Decline 7.6%
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-19/rents-used-to-pay-leased-home-bonds-fall-7-6-morningstar-says.html

posts mentioning toxic cdos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 11:31:23 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Checking the Wikipedia article on Colonel John Boyd, it refers to the use by him of a significant amount of computer time, which he was accused of having stolen... but this was prior to 1964, and it was in the development of the Energy-Maneuverability theory of aircraft design.

That theory did lead to the F16...

Of course, if in 1963 he was making unauthorized use of a time machine belonging to the USAF to obtain computer time on a Cray-I, the people at McDonnell-Douglas might have had a point.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon

energy-manuverability was done earlier ... but early work on F16 design was later ... circa time-frame of 6600, 7600, 91, 95 ... before getting "official" funding.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon#Lightweight_Fighter_Program

from above:
Air Force F-X proponents remained hostile to the concept because they perceived it as a threat to the F-15 program. However, the Advanced Day Fighter concept, renamed F-XX, gained civilian political support under the reform-minded Deputy Secretary of Defense David Packard, who favored the idea of competitive prototyping. As a result in May 1971, the Air Force Prototype Study Group was established, with Boyd a key member, and two of its six proposals would be funded, one being the Lightweight Fighter (LWF). The Request for Proposals issued on 6 January 1972 called for a 20,000-pound (9,100 kg) class air-to-air day fighter with a good turn rate, acceleration and range, and optimized for combat at speeds of Mach 0.6-1.6 and altitudes of 30,000-40,000 feet (9,100-12,000 m). This was the region where USAF studies predicted most future air combat would occur. The anticipated average flyaway cost of a production version was $3 million. This production plan, though, was only notional as the USAF had no firm plans to procure the winner.[13][14]

... snip ...

It was more than "hostile", one of the schemes was to try and get Boyd thrown in Leavenworth.

Besides E-M, F16, boyd also wrote the USAF fighter pilot training manual. Boyd tells the story of CIA showing him translated copy of the Soviet's fighter pilot training manual ... and its his manual. With all that, the USAF effectively disowned him ... and at his funeral at Arlington, it was the Marines that showed up ... and his effects went to the Marine library/museum at Quantico (the commandant of Marine Corps had leveraged Boyd for make-over of the corp circa 1990).

Boyd posts and references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

The term "supercomputer" was used prior to Cray1
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seymour_Cray

from above:
The 6600 was the first commercial supercomputer, outperforming everything then available by a wide margin. While expensive, for those that needed the absolutely fastest computer available there was nothing else on the market that could compete.

... snip ...

Control Data 6600: The Supercomputer Arrives
http://www.drdobbs.com/control-data-6600-the-supercomputer-arri/184404102

cdc7600 (1969)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_7600

from above:
The CDC 7600 was the Seymour Cray-designed successor to the CDC 6600, extending Control Data's dominance of the supercomputer field into the 1970s

... snip ...

of course, there was stretch ... which was an earlier "non-commercial" supercomputer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7030_Stretch

from above:
The IBM 7030, also known as Stretch, was IBM's first transistorized supercomputer. Originally designed to meet a requirement formulated by Edward Teller at Lawrence Livermore, the first example was delivered to Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1961, and a second customized version, the IBM 7950 Harvest, to the National Security Agency in 1962.

... snip ...

for other drift, the Seymour article mentions Joel Birmbaum. Joel left IBM Research to head up HP labs ... about the time the various early 801 efforts were crashing ... recently mentioned here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#76 assembler

HP labs was one of the places some of the 801/risc chip engineers went (and worked on HP's risc chip) ... and some wondered if I would be going also. Old post with several emails on the subject from the period
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#65 801 (was Re: Reviving Multics)

other drift, thorton also had a lot to do with 6600 ... past posts mentioning thorton
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#11 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#27 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#6 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 12:03:51 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
It was more than "hostile", one of the schemes was to try and get Boyd thrown in Leavenworth.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

recently there has been increasing criticsm of F35 ... and some references to what kind of dirty tricks might MICC use ... I've been explicitly told to stop making various kinds of technical critisms of F35 in some social media venues. and from today (note: I've been periodically asked, but no, no relation):

Great quote
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/great-quote.html

from above:
Wheeler: Lockheed-Martin cannot design effectively performing, affordable combat aircraft, but they are without peer in designing a greasy plan to foist the aircraft on the US and multiple foreign buyers. I am in awe of their skill in doing that; they successfully convince otherwise rational people to ignore empirical data, to believe that press releases spout biblical truth and to embrace new promises in the face of scores of broken ones. Those are awesome powers.

... snip ...

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

some recent F35 specific posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#4 Defense Department Needs to Act Like IBM to Save Itself
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#51 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

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From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 11:39:44 -0800 (PST)
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

The guy at Elgin that aided Boyd in the calculations for what become f16 (actually fly off competitor ... they did stuff later making it heavier and not as good) ... did most of hiding the accounting use ... was at Boyd Quantico conference a couple months ago. The E/M work was much earlier

posts mentioning boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 16:37:42 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
So you're not talking about Thomas Christie, and so I'm mistaken in thinking the story got garbled?

So he was a *serial* off-the-books computer user!

I was amused that after the CIA found that the Russians found his textbook on flying fighter planes was good enough to steal, the Air Force got upset with him. If there was no suspicion of a security failure on his part, what was hs fault: writing a textbook that was too good?


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

I believe that USAF made his fighter pilot training manual available to other allies/NATO ... early on ... and it leaked out from there. So I never heard anybody even guess where the Soviets might have gotten a copy ... since allied air forces all over the world were using it.

before E/M ... boyd was instsructor at Nellis USAF Weapons School and become known as 40-second Boyd ... for standing offer to all fighter pilots in the world to challenge him in dog fight ... he would give the challenger the advantage on his tail and the bet was he would reverse the situation in 40seconds (actually 20seconds, but he gave himself a few seconds leeway), he never lost:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_%28military_strategist%29

There was Eglin computer use for E/M theory ... separate from the computer use for later F16 design work. Some accounts have garbled the computer use for E/M and the computer use for F16 design ... Boyd telling of the story was it was the F15 crowd that was trying to have him thrown in Leavenworth for his work on what became the F16 ... because they viewed it as competitive.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon

from above:
Together, they were the visionaries who conceived the LFX Lightweight Fighter program, which ultimately produced both the F-16 and McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet, the latter a development of the YF-17 Light Weight Fighter. Boyd's acolyte Pierre Sprey was also largely responsible for developing the highly successful Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II or "Warthog" ground-support aircraft, although Boyd himself was not involved in this project, his interest being in air superiority fighter aircraft.

... snip ...

before starting on F16 work, he had also significantly improved the design for the F15 (cutting its weight nearly in half) ... for which he gets little credit:
Boyd was brought to the Pentagon by Major General Arthur C. Agan, Jr. to do mathematical analysis that would support the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle program in order to pass the Office of the Secretary of Defense's Systems Analysis process.

... snip ...

this is tribute to John's passing
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
but it is also at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt

which includes some more details of the "Genghis John" period in the 70s when he was at the pentagon working on light-weight fighter design (and "fast transient" maneuvers).

another Boyd account
http://www.sci.fi/~fta/JohnBoyd.htm

from above:
Year 1967 was the worst one for the U.S. Air Force in Vietnam. It was now clear that the Air Force had no air superiority fighter. The 10:1 exchange ratio of the Korean War had dropped to near parity or was even advantageous to the North Vietnamese. After the war only one USAF pilot had the five kills needed for ace status. North Vietnam had 16 aces that were combat veterans and had fought in the air for years. USAF continued the Korean War tradition and rotated pilots to non-combat duties after 100 combat missions. Even worse was to train transport and SAC pilots fast to fighters and rotate them through Vietnam to get a combat tour under their belt.

... snip ...

Burton shows up last fall ... he wrote a book about some his experiences part of which HBO made into movie:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pentagon_Wars

somewhat concentrated on Bradley. Burton talked about being in the first class to graduate from Air Force academy and on fast track to become General ... until he got entangled with Boyd ... and Boyd's challenges to do the right thing (his famous quotes about choosing between To Be or To Do) when his career hits a brick wall.

After Boyd passed, USAF did dedicate Boyd Hall at Nellis ... reference to the dedication 17Sept1999 (dedication includes the To Be or To Do quote ... this version is little cleaned up)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#35 War, Chaos, & Business (web site), or Col John Boyd

last summer, Boyd Hall was rededicated after undergoing a complete renovation.

posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Also as mentioned, besides being used by the commandant of Marine corp ... for make-over of the corp ... he was also brought back to do the battle plan for Desert Storm (which they failed to follow through with).

GAO has Desert Storm report about a large percentage of Iraqi tanks were taken out by airstrikes before the ground war begins (lots of them by A10s both before and after the ground war starts). GAO has Iraqis walking away from the tanks ... even before the ground war begins ... because they had become "sitting ducks" (for airstrikes). Coalition tank forces then report "killing" large number of Iraqi tanks w/o taken any return damage at all ... however it isn't reported how many of those tanks had anybody home
http://www.gao.gov/products/NSIAD-97-134

UCSD business school is having a Boyd business innovation conference coming up the end of the month which will have several Boyd acolytes
http://boydbusinessinnovationconference.com/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 16:57:10 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
I tried searching the web for more details, but it doesn't seem the talk you mentioned took place at Boyd & Beyond 2013, so I apparently looked in the wrong place.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Scott has some number of refs to Boyd & Beyond
http://tobeortodo.com/
this has some stuff about Boyd & Behond ... but harder to find
http://zenpundit.com/
a little B&B
http://zenpundit.com/?p=27223
http://zenpundit.com/?p=25619
http://zenpundit.com/?p=22250
http://zenpundit.com/?p=28824

Chet's blog (one of Boyd's acolytes and scheduled to be at UCSD business school conference)
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/
some filed here
http://slightlyeastofnew.com/category/boyds-theories/
old archive (original website was breached)
http://dnipogo.org/
blog by another Boyd acolytes (and also scheduled for UCSD business conference)
http://chuckspinney.blogspot.com/

I also have more Boyd references here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html#boyd2

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 20:29:33 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
recently there has been increasing criticsm of F35 ... and some references to what kind of dirty tricks might MICC use

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#73 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#84 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industry.complex

dirty tricks ... there was F15 forces trying to have Boyd put in Leavenworth in order to shutdown F16, which they viewed as competitive. Then Boyd tells of spending 18m carefully getting written approval for everything that appears in the time cover article ... because he was worried that they would try and put the person in jail (which the SECDEF tried to do). '83 time cover article at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

posts & URLs mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

i've referenced Hugh Laurie's (TVs house) novel that references Boyd's OODA-loop ... but also MICC dirty tricks
http://www.amazon.com/The-Gun-Seller-ebook/dp/B000SEGK0M/

loc4605-11:
The day Alexander Woolf decided to take on the military-industrial complex was the day everything changed. For him, for his family, for his business. Things changed quickly, and they changed for good. Roused from its slumber, the military-industrial complex lifted a great, lazy paw, and swatted him away, as if he were no more than a human being. They cancelled his existing contracts and withdrew possible future ones. They bankrupted his suppliers, disrupted his labour force, and investigated him for tax evasion. They bought his company's stock in a few months and sold it in a few hours, and when that didn't do the trick, they accused him of trading in narcotics. They even had him thrown out of the St Regis, for not replacing a fairway divot.

... snip ...

I've commented that truth is stranger than fiction ... F15 forces trying to put away Boyd for doing the F16.

Then there is Success of Failure account
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

where they make the same charges against the whistleblower as in the most recent incident ... even tho it was just reporting to the responsible congressional committee and no release of classified material ... only relatively recently dismissed (i.e. the real threat was to senior executive careers ... including agency directors). However sometime last decade, before ic-arda
https://web.archive.org/web/20050828171703/http://www.ic-arda.org/about_arda.htm
turns into iarpa
http://www.iarpa.gov/whatis.html

we got a call asking us to respond to unclassified BAA, it was the last day and nobody else had responded ... it basically said that none of the tools they had did the job. We wrote a response and then had some meetings that we could do what was needed ... and then nothing. Later we were told that senior management had told the analyst (responsible for the BAA) that he hadn't sufficiently proven to them that what they currently had didn't work. Somewhat baffling was why they allowed him to release the BAA at all ... even more baffling is how the Success Of Failure events unfolded

the recent incident ... after Gerstner
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

leaves IBM ... he goes to head up Carlyle, a large private-equity company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

that does a take-over of BAH ... which was the employer of the individual in the most recent incident. Spies Like Us
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/

Private contractors like Booz Allen now reportedly garner 70 percent of the annual $80 billion intelligence budget and supply more than half of the available manpower.

... snip ...

How Booz Allen Hamilton Swallowed Washington
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-06-23/visualizing-how-booz-allen-hamilton-swallowed-washington
Investigate Booz Allen Hamilton, not Edward Snowden; The firm that formerly employed both the director of national intelligence and the NSA whistleblower merits closer scrutiny
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jun/14/edward-snowden-investigate-booz-allen

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Feb 2014 21:30:18 -0500
I was exchanging email with some (Canadian) person about computer stuff and I happen to make a reference to the F35 ... 24M lines of code original was to be 5.7 LOC (compared to 1.7M for F22)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#7 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#13 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?

... and then the person wanted a lot more information to send to somebody in the canadian gov (only later did I find out they were referring to the prime minister). update from today

U.S. military jet 2013 Ponzi scheme targets Canada
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/us-military-jet-2013-ponzi-scheme.html

and another about the 60mins program

Here's What 60 Minutes Didn't Tell You About the F-35
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2014/02/heres-what-60-minutes-didnt-tell-you-about-the-f-35.html

a little more recent post on F35 software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#2 Did you see the one about the F-35 and F/A-18?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#28 ELP weighs in on the software issue:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#40 ELP weighs in on the software issue:

posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#73 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#84 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2014 09:54:01 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:

http://web.archive.org/web/20070320170523/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html


wayback machine works fine for me on firefox and chrome and at the moment this is working (although over the years it is sometimes behind a paywall or subscription) ... both browsers do have popups blocked
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953733,00.html

this is when there were some members of congress providing cover. congress had scheduled spinney to testify at a public hearing (basically would be asked everything that would be in article). SECDEF/Pentegon managed to get it moved to end of the day on friday and into one of the smallest congressional hearing rooms. Sat. morning SECDEF held damage control meeting and found there was only passing reference to the contents of the hearing.

Then monday when they had figured they managed to dodge it, time started being delivered around the pentagon. SECDEF then tried to have Spinney charged&jailed ... but every detail had been covered in public congressional hearing and there was written approval for Spinney to divulge every detail. Then SECDEF ordered that Boyd be barred from the Pentagon for life ... however there was enough congressional cover that the SECDEF had to back done.

Note that the MICC has since managed to tieup all members of congress and nothing like that could happen now ... part of the reason for this quote (no relation)
http://elpdefensenews.blogspot.com/2014/02/great-quote.html

MICC posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

posts mentioning Boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#73 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#84 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#86 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 21 Feb 2014 07:35:57 -0800
shmuel+ibm-main@PATRIOT.NET (Shmuel Metz , Seymour J.) writes:
No, that is not how conditional branching in channel programs has always worked.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#62 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#64 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

note in the middle 70s ... they consolidated all the US HONE systems (worldwide online sales&marketing support) in silicon valley (when FACEBOOK started they moved into a new bldg built next door to the old US HONE datacenter ... this is before FACEBOOK took over the old SUN campus).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Part of the effort for HONE was creating the largest single-system image loosely-coupled operation in the world (of multiprocessor systems). Normal operation had been to use disk controller RESERVE/RELEASE commands for loosely-coupled operation (analogous to LOCK/UNLOCK operations in tightly-coupled multiprocessor operation). However, a (much more efficient) compare&swap channel program was developed. A full-track record was defined for each disk. A processor did read of the record ... and updated the image to reflect the resources it would be using ... and then did a compare&swap channel program ... basically search (data) equal on the record ... and if succesful would do a write operation with the updated record ... otherwise the operation would fail. This cluster operation supported workload throughput load-balancing and failure recovery across the complex. In part because of earthquake concerns the Cal. datacenter was replicated first in Dallas and then a 3rd in Boulder in the early 80s (could do load balancing and failure recovery across all 3 datacenters ... but somewhat more complicated).

Of course none of this cluster support was ever released to customers ... a little of similar support finally recently leaking out 30yrs later:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#43 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#46 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#47 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#59 From The Annals of Release No Software Before Its Time

This was about the time my wife was con'ed into going to POK to be in charge of (mainframe) loosely-coupled architecture and came up with peer-coupled shared data architecture ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#shareddata

however, it found little uptake (except for IMS hotstandby) until sysplex & parallel sysplex ... which contributed to her not staying long in the position. Another factor was that the SNA forces were constantly trying to force her into using SNA for loosely-coupled operation ... there would be temporary truces where she could do whatever she wanted within the walls of the datacenter (SNA "owned" everything that crossed the datacenter wall) ... but then they would start attacking again.

re: reserve/release, compare&swap channel program ... modulo not having ACP-RPQ locking installed on 3830 disk controller. some past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#39 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#50 Another difference between platforms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#12 Testing hardware RESERVE

and of course, the compare&swap instruction was originally invited by charlie when he was doing fine-grain multiprocessor locking for cp67 at the science center (name of instruction chosen because CAS are charlie's initials). past posts mentioning multiprocessor &/or compare&swap instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2014 15:55:54 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
this is tribute to John's passing
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
but it is also at the wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20011224132049/http://www.infowar.com/iwftp/cspinney/c199.txt


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

includes reference to computers at WPAFB ....
While elegant in its simplicity, and computationally straightforward, Boyd's energy-maneuverability theory was a gargantuan number-cruncher that required millions of calculations. The only way to do these calculations was with a computer, but in the early 1960s computer calculations were slow, computer time was expensive--and Boyd had no budget. Furthermore, the aeronautical engineers were not interested in the inspiration of a dumb fighter pilot with a yukky industrial engineering degree. To make matters even worse, Boyd had no right to design airplanes--he worked at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, where rednecks tested bombs designed by others, whereas the airplane designers worked at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton Ohio, the home of the Wright brothers and the mecca for aeronautical engineering. For a man like Boyd, there was only one thing to do. He concocted a daring plan to steal thousands of hours of computer time by making it appear that the computer was being used for something else.

Much to the dismay of the autocrats at Wright-Pat, the Mad Major's theory of energy-maneuverability (E-M) turned out to be a stunning success. It provided a universal language for translating tactics into engineering specifications and vice versa and revolutionized the way we look at tactics and design fighter airplanes.

Boyd used it to explain why the modern F-4 Phantom performed so poorly when fighting obsolete MiG-17s in Vietnam and went on to devise new tactics for the Phantom--whereupon Air Force pilots began to shoot down more MiGs.

He used it to re-design the F-15, changing it from an 80,000-pound, swing-wing, sluggish behemoth, to a 40,000-pound fixed-wing, high-performance, maneuvering fighter. His crowning glory was his use of the theory to evolve the lightweight fighters that eventually became the YF-16 and YF-17 prototypes--and then to insist that the winner be chosen in the competitive market of a free-play flyoff.

The YF-16, which won, is still the most maneuverable fighter ever designed. The production successors, the not-so-lightweight F-16 (Air Force) and the F/A-18 (the Navy-Marine Corps aircraft that evolved from the YF-17), together with the F-15, dominate the skies today. Naturally, Boyd believed they could have been much better war machines if the bureaucrats had not corrupted their thoroughbred design with so many bells and whistles. Nevertheless, more than any other single person, the Mad Major is responsible for our nation's unsurpassed air superiority, which began in the mid-1970s and continues to this day.


... snip ...

posts mentioning boyd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#73 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#84 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#86 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#87 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 13:01:40 -0500
Ibmekon writes:
Just like this quote from todays newspaper, on fixing Bank legacy systems.

"It's a bit like trying to change the windscreen while you're driving down the M6,"

From
http://www.theguardian.com/money/2014/jan/27/bank-it-systems-keep-failing-lloyds-rbs-natwest

Well Mr Bank Manager, for a million dollar bonus I expect you to change the tyres as well.


two separate failure issues: 1) failure of modernization and re-engineering efforts and 2) babyboomers that built the legacy systems are retiring and critical institutional knowledge is being lost (we were having lunch with guy responsible for large financial network built with triple redundant geographically dispersed IMS hot-standby configuration that had 100% availability ... and he was about to go in and tell the board of governers that their number one risk was babyboomers retiring).

I've periodically pontificated about large part of financial spent billions on (failed) re-engineering batch cobol overnight batch settlement move to parallel straight-through processing on large numbers of "killer micros" in the 90s.

gissue was batch cobol financial dates from 60s/70s followed by real-time front-ends added along the way ... but final settlement left to overnight.

early 90s globalization was starting to limit the size of the overnight window and business increases was putting enormous strain on getting everything done in the overnight window.

the issue was that 1) they were using some off-the-self parallelization code 2) they did toy demos with the code, 3) ignored speeds&fees showing that the parallelization code introduced factor of 100 times overhead (compared to batch cobol). The resulting deployments went down in huge flames.

Last decade I was involved in taking some technology for straight through processing to industry standards bodies ... at first there was high acceptance ... then nothing. We were eventually told that there were still quite a few executives that bore the scars from the 90s failures and it would have to wait for new generation before trying again. the "new" approach involved decomposing business rules into fine-grain SQL statements and rely on the significant work done by major RDBMS vendors on high-performance parallel throughput (rather than trying to write RYO code using parallelization libraries).

the other scenario is compareable to the large beltway bandits and consulting houses and the Success Of Failure involving large number of IT modernization efforts.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
other Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

recent posts mentioning overnight batch window and straight through processing:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#81 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Feb 2014 09:24:56 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?

a certain agency in maryland is supposedly the largest employer (but that has to include contractors that now accounts for over half of people in intelligence) as well as largest user of electricity in maryland ... as well subject of Success Of Failure article from 2007
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
other Success Of Failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
related mention in this wandering thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

which also references the whistleblower in the 2007 case ... posts mentioning whistleblowers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

a certain financial (dataprocessing) outsourcing company has been the 2nd or 3rd largest employer in maryland and also major user of electricity (and largest employer in another state or two) ... mentioned in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#55 Maximizing shareholder value: The goal that changed corporate America

.... in 1992, had been the largest IPO (up until that time), and in 2007 was the largest reverse-IPO (up until that time) currently owned by large private-equity company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Re: Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Feb 2014 10:52:29 -0800 (PST)
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#90 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#91 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?

Compare to f22 which took 20yrs and the f35 schedule has slipped to over 20yrs and is predicted to slip more. One of the refrains is sort of given infinite amount of time they are sure they'll fix all the problems. In the mean time there are reports that designs have leaked out of contractor networks multiple times. That is besides 24m lines of software that has to be developed (compared to less than 2m for f22)

posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

recent f35 posts
://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#0 Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#1 If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#51 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Curious observation: lack of a simple optimization in a C program

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Curious observation: lack of a simple optimization in a C program
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Feb 2014 07:44:12 -0800
john.archie.mckown@GMAIL.COM (John McKown) writes:
Wasn't there something about a PASCAL programmer knowing the value of everything and the Wirth of nothing?

two people from the Los Gatos VLSI lab originally did mainframe pascal for VLSI chip tools ... this goes on eventually to become the vs/pascal product. Amoung other things it was used to implement the original mainframe TCP/IP support. It originally had some performance issues ... getting around 44kbytes/sec throughput using 3090 processor. However, I did the RFC1044 changes and in some tuning tests at Cray Research got sustained channel media throughput between Cray and 4341 using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (possibly 500 times improvement in bytes moved per instruction executed). past posts mentioning doing rfc 1044 support
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

One of the issues is the (pascal) implementation had none of the exploits that have been epidemic in c-language implementions ... observation it is about as hard for a programmer to *NOT* have such exploits in c-language as it is for a pascal programmer to have such problems. past posts mentioning c-language exploits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#buffer

in the period that IBM had gone into the red and was re-organized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company (until the board brought in Gerstner who reversed the breakup and resurrects the company) ... there was big move for business operations to get off of proprietary tools & platforms. Part of this was to transfer proprietary tools to standard industry tool vendors and get them running on industry standard platforms. I had to do one such pascal 50,000+ lines of code vlsi application. Problem was that pascal on some of these other platforms appeared to have been used for little else than introduction to programming classes (one such platform was in the local area, but they had outsourced their pascal support to someplace 12 time zones away, located near a space launch center).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 24 Feb 2014 09:57:49 -0800
PaulGBoulder@AIM.COM (Paul Gilmartin) writes:
Surely, when comparing technologies hardware and software from other vendors should not be considered off-charter.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#62 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#64 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#88 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

Stretch
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7030_Stretch
Harvest
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_7950_Harvest

End of IBM Advanced Computing Systems ... includes Amdahls account of IBM executives terminating the project because they were afraid that it might advanced computing state-of-the-art too fast and they would loose control of the market ... at the end, it discusses some of the acs-360 features that show up more than 20yrs later in es/9000
http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

because I had lots of access to early engineering 4341 ... i was periodically asked to do benchmarks ... including LLNL looking at having 70 4341 in a compute farm (4341 environmentals made it possible to deploy out in departmnental areas ... sort of leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunmai ... and its price/performance got it increasing use for compute farms ... sort of the coming cluster supercomputers). ... some old 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#43xx

POK 3033 management at one point felt so threatened by 4341 cluster compute farms that they got internal allocation of critical 4341 manufacturing component cut in half

recent post with old 158, 3031, 4341 comparisons for LLNL (about same as 3031 & 1/4-1/3 faster than 370/158)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#61 I Must Have Been Dreaming (36-bit word needed for ballistics?)

above also has numbers for 145, 168-3, 360/91 and cdc6600 (original commercial "supercomputer")

370/158 & vax have been used as baseline for Dhrystone benchmarks ... both doing appox. same number of iterations/sec ... considered to be approx. 1MIPS. some recent posts about BIPS benchmark comparisons:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#102 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Feb 2014 13:43:13 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Second, high property taxes in themselves do not discourage investor speculation (and conversely). Speculators think a property will appreciate so much that paying the taxes for a short period of time, often convered by rent, will be well covered by the appreciated price.

at the height of the bubble some regions were seeing 20+%/annum inflation ... made worse by speculators .... a no-document, liars loan, with 1% interest only payment ... would see 2000% ROI

real-estate payments with cash were some of the scenarios with too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

doing money laundering for drug cartels
http:/www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laudering

a problem with the gov. bending over backwards to keep them operating ... they haven't been willing to shut them down and throw the executives in jail (even when the claims are that the too big to fail money laundering is enabling/funding drug cartels and terrorists violent acts).

there is recent scenario with private equity companies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynnsubmisc.html#private.equity

buying up homes with cash and turning them into rental properties and then securitizing the rents (sort of the way mortgages had been securitize).

Private Equity and the Crapification of Rental Housing: Questions from a Newbie
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/02/private-equity-crapification-housing.html

for more drift, for years private equity has mis-representing its finances ... recent scenario that SEC trying to retro-actively unmake it illegal

SEC Ponders Break for Private Equity Over Broker Rules
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-22/sec-ponders-break-for-private-equity-over-broker-rules.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:45:58 -0500
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
When IBM moved from ESA/390 to zArchitecture, they dropped the vector facility from the architecture. While a System/z machine has individual CPU cores that perform somewhat better than even the fastest Xeon cores, an IBM mainframe now is more powerful than a desktop PC mainly because, like a server rack, it has more processor chips in it.

IBM makes no pretense that its mainframes are a cost-effective solution for number-crunching. Instead, they'll sell you PowerPC-based massively parallel systems for that.


old email about massively parallel power (working with both DBMS and national labs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa
past posts about early jan1992 meeting in ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
end of the month, it was transferred, we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors, and announced as supercomputer for scientific & technical only. 17Feb1992 press item
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters1
and more press 11May1992
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#6000clusters2

while "Z" mainframes have faster processor cycle times ... their memory latency issues aren't that advanced.

x86 & risc have been doing memory latency and cache miss mitigation for some time ... out-of-order execution, superscaler, multiple execution unit, branch prediction, speculative execution, threads, etc. ... trying to keep the execution units fed.

these are fixed-point BIPS (and looks like scalar floating point operations possibly 2/3rds integer) for recent mainframe generations
z900, 16 processors, 2.5BIPS (156MIPS/proc), Dec2000
z990, 32 processors, 9BIPS, (281MIPS/proc), 2003
z9, 54 processors, 18BIPS (333MIPS/proc), July2005
z10, 64 processors, 30BIPS (469MIPS/proc), Feb2008
z196, 80 processors, 50BIPS (625MIPS/proc), Jul2010
EC12, 101 processors, 75BIPS (743MIPS/proc), Aug2012


the claim is that around half the per processor improvement of going from z10 to z196 (469MIPS to 625MIPS) was introduction of some out-of-order, branch prediction, and speculative execution features ... and further improvements in such features account for some of the per processor improvement from 625mips to 743mips.

The base price for 80 processor z196 works out to $560,000/BIPS and IBM financials has the mainframe division earning total of $6.25 for every dollar of processor, making a mainframe system around $3.5M/BIPS.

by comparison a (1st generation) e5-2600 (two chips, 8processors/chip) is benchmarked at 400-500+BIPS or in the region of 30BIPS/processor. IBM's base list price for e5-2600 blade was $1815 or around $3.50/BIPS (a millionth that it was getting for mainframe).

The latest x86 E7 announcements are claiming all the industrial strength features that were suppose to have been done for itanium (mainframe competition) plus the instruction throughput of risc/power.
http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2453615,00.asp
http://www.anandtech.com/show/7757/quad-ivy-brigde-ex-60-cores-120-threads/11
http://www.itjungle.com/tfh/tfh022414-story01.html

above include comments about four chip E7-V2 blades @15procs/chip would yield 60 processor (& 120 threads) blades. Before IBM announced selling its X86 server business to Lenovo ... it announced NeXtScale high-density encloser ... a 6U 12 blade encloser ... even just six 6u enclosers in 42u rack ... or 72 blades/rack (better than 4k processors/rack, 100+TIPS/rack)

recent post mentioning e5-2600s and/or z196
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#71 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#18 Quixotically on-topic post, still on topic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#103 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#62 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

recent Lenovo posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#14 IBM to invest 1.2B into Cloud Data Centers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#34 IBM sells x86 server business to Lenovo (was Levono)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#48 IBM Dumps Its Server Business On Lenovo For $2.3B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#24 IBM sells Intel server business, company is doomed

past posts in thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#63 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#72 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#73 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#80 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#81 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#82 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#84 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#85 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#86 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#87 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#89 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACS

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM ACS
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 26 Feb 2014 10:18:32 -0500
Shmuel (Seymour J.) Metz <spamtrap@library.lspace.org.invalid> writes:
IBM got out the 370/145 before the 168.

a couple recent posts mentioning end of ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#62 Imprecise Interrupts and the 360/195
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#64 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#94 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues

well before ... 145 had around 400+nsec memory ... and adding virtual memory just required new microcode load ... since the machines had virtual memory already working by the time first shipped.

the 370/155 & 370/165 had 2msec access memory and cache and required hardware changes to add virtual memory.

I've periodically related that there was a lot more in 370 virtual memory architecture ... but the engineers were having lots of problems getting all the features implemented for 370/165 ... which would have resulted in virtual memory announcement slipping by six months. There were resolution/escalation meetings ... where various features were dropped from 370 virtual memory architecture in order to keep virtual memory announcement on schedule (and simplify the problem for 370/165).

one of the original 370 virtual memory features (that got dropped) was (shared) segment r/o protect (set flag in STE and disable all store operations into that virtual segment ... since it was in the address space segment table entry ... some address spaces could be r/o protected for the segment while other address spaces could have r/w for the same shared segment). The morph of cp67/cms to vm370/cms had reorganized CMS to leverage (shared) segment protect. When it was dropped to help 165 ... vm370/cms had to revert to ugly hack for r/o protect (had been used in cp67).

virtual memory for 155 & 165 was announced as extra cost features as 370/155-II and 370/165-II.

the 370/158 & 370/168 replaced the 2msec access memory with memory that had access about same as 145. I was involved with some work with 168 processor engineers (who went on to do 3033 ... which started out as 168 logic mapped to 20% faster chips). the 165/168/3033 were horizontal microcoded machines that did some number of operations overlapped ... with throughput expressed as avg machine cycles per instruction (145 and below were vertical microcode microprocessors ... 370 microcode was somewhat similar to the 370 simulators running on x86 machines). 165 was avg. of 2.1 machine cycles per 370 instruction, the microcode was optimized for 168 getting to 1.6 machine cycles per 370 instruction, and close to 1 machine cycle per 370 instruction for 3033.

this was purely cache hit throughput numbers ... not taking into account memory latency for cache miss ... a few recent posts mentioning memory access latency, measured in processor cycles ... is compareable to 1960s disk access latency, measured in 1960s processor cycles.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#103 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#62 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#96 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour

in the mid-70s time-frame (168-1, 168-3) ... part of the issue was that IBM was distracted with FS project ... that was going to completely replace 360/370 and completely different ... as a result 370 efforts were being suspended and/or killed off. The dearth of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone processors a market foothold. past refs to FS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions
Date: 26 Feb 2014
Blog: Financial Crime Risk, Fraud and Security
Credit Suisse 'cloak-and-dagger' tactics cost US taxpayers billions -- senators John McCain and Carl Levin say offshore schemes operated by Swiss firm helped 22,000 Americans hide billions from taxman
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/feb/25/credit-suisse-offshore-tax-senators

x-over from similar HSBC & UBS discussion

Note news in 2009 was that the IRS was going after 52,000 wealthy americans that used swiss accounts to evade $400B in taxes ... then in 2011 there were news reports that congress was cutting the budget for reclaiming taxes from the 52,000 wealthy americans (even tho that budget was showing the highest ROI of any IRS enforcement activity). Subsequent news was that various institutions were being fined for helping wealthy americans evade taxes ... but nothing about it actually being stopped (sort of on par with stories about too big to fail being fined for money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists) UBS tax evasion controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UBS_tax_evasion_controversy
UBS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UBS

it is listed as "wealth management"

UBS CEO says no plans to sell U.S. wealth management arm
http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/13/us-ubs-us-idUSBRE92C0EP20130313

fine of $780M but nothing said about where is the $400B in unpaid taxes.

Offshore Tax Evasion: The Effort To Collect Unpaid Taxes On Billions In Hidden Offshore Accounts
http://www.forbes.com/sites/irswatch/2014/02/25/offshore-tax-evasion-the-effort-to-collect-unpaid-taxes-on-billions-in-hidden-offshore-accounts/
Swiss bank accused of helping clients evade US taxes
http://news.yahoo.com/swiss-bank-accused-helping-clients-evade-us-taxes-004852389.html;_ylt=AwrSyCSfTg1THTcAfUbQtDMD

Report: Swiss Banks Used 'Cloak And Dagger' Tactics To Avoid US Tax Law
http://news.firedoglake.com/2014/02/26/report-swiss-banks-used-cloak-and-dagger-tactics-to-avoid-us-tax-law/

from above:
$197 million may seem like a lot but it is a drop in the bucket for Credit Suisse who has made billions off the practice over the years and has $924 billion in total assets. It is still not exactly resolved as to what Credit Suisse will do going forward. Evading taxes is a major business for them and Swiss law does not make it a crime.

... snip ...

The 2009 estimate was there was $400B in unpaid taxes ... which may possibly have doubled by now.

Offshore Tax Evasion: The Effort To Collect Unpaid Taxes On Billions In Hidden Offshore Accounts
http://www.forbes.com/sites/irswatch/2014/02/25/offshore-tax-evasion-the-effort-to-collect-unpaid-taxes-on-billions-in-hidden-offshore-accounts/
Senators take on offshore tax evasion under the mantra, every billion counts; The CEO of Credit Suisse, Switzerland's second-largest bank, will appear at a tax evasion hearing by a Senate subcommittee Wednesday, following an investigation by the panel.
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2014/0225/Senators-take-on-offshore-tax-evasion-under-the-mantra-every-billion-counts
Senate Offshore Tax Cheating Report Skewers Credit Suisse And U.S. Justice Department This article was updated at 5 A.M. on Feb. 26th with comments from the Department of Justice.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/janetnovack/2014/02/25/senate-offshore-tax-cheating-report-skewers-credit-suisse-and-the-u-s-justice-department/
Credit Suisse Helped Rich Americans Evade Billions In Taxes
http://www.investing.com/news/stock-market-news/credit-suisse-helped-rich-americans-evade-billions-in-taxes-268748
Credit Suisse Helped U.S. Clients Hide Billions in Assets, Senate Report Says
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/02/25/credit-suisse-helped-u-s-clients-hide-assets-senate-report-says/

Credit Suisse "shredded documents" for US tax evaders
http://www.accountancyage.com/aa/news/2331030/credit-suisse-shredded-documents-for-us-tax-evaders

semi related

Big Money Lobbying Protects Big Tax Havens
http://washingtoninformer.com/news/2014/feb/24/jackson-big-money-lobbying-protects-big-tax-havens/
A World Corruption Police
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/27/opinion/27iht-edlebedev27.html?hpw&rref=opinion

from above:
According to the Tax Justice Network, an independent group promoting efforts to curb tax avoidance, crooked business people, working with corrupt officials, have embezzled $30 trillion over the last 15 years -- or half of the world's annual gross domestic product.

... snip ...

posts mentioning tax havens and tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Reducing Army Size

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Reducing Army Size
Date: 26 Feb 2014
Blog: Facebook
There were number of stories from summer 2010 about too big to fail laundering money for drug cartels and terrorists but there wasn't much the gov. could do since it was already leaning over so far to keep them in business (wasn't going to shut them down and throw the executives in jail). More recent stories are that the money laundering is major enabler for all the cartel&gang related violence.

American Government Backed Murderous Mexican Drug Cartel for More Than a decade
http://www.zerohedge.com/contributed/2014-01-14/american-government-backed-murderous-mexican-drug-cartel-more-decade

from above:
The U.S. government has -- at least at some times in some parts of the world -- long protected drug operations. (Big American banks also launder money for drug cartels. See this, this, this and this. Indeed, drug dealers kept the banking system afloat during the depths of the 2008 financial crisis.)

And opium production is at an all-time high under the American occupation of Afghanistan.


... snip ...

Taliban had eliminated opium production and in 2002 CIA played on the warlords dissatisfaction with loss of drug business
http://www.amazon.com/Brave-New-War-Terrorism-Globalization-ebook/dp/B00H2VFGZ4/
loc2082-84:

When the United States decided to support the Northern Alliance before it attacked the Taliban in early 2002, U.S. officials took action to ensure this disaffection. Direct payments from Central Intelligence Agency operatives and the potential of unfettered opium production under the Northern Alliance exerted a powerful influence on Afghanistan's guerrilla entrepreneurs.

... snip ...

UNODC monitoring illicit crops
http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/crop-monitoring/
UN Annual Opium Poppy Survey 2001
http://www.unodc.org/pdf/publications/report_2001-10-16_1.pdf

posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

account by sat. photo recon analyst
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2

reports iraqi buildup for invasion of kuwait. admin says that saddam had told them he would do no such thing and they start discrediting the analyst (these are people previously involved in supplying Iraq WMDs in the iraq/iran war, later would fabricate WMDs for justifying invasion of Iraq). He then starts reporting Iraqi buildup for invasion of saudi arabia ... and the administration takes some action.

Early reports of afghan was instead of surgical attack against al qaeda ... they take the time to marshal forces to fight taliban, allowing al qaeda to escape. Later a group has sights on Ben Laden ... but rules of engagement require legal approval to take the shot ... which they don't get. and recent news, The FBI had a mole inside al Qaeda who met with Osama bin Laden eight years prior to 9/11 and knew he planned to finance terror attacks, but the bureau declined to tell Congressional investigators or the 9/11 Commission about the mole, sources involved in the case told NBC News
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/fbi-never-revealed-it-had-al-qaeda-mole-who-met-n39076

victims can finally sue gov. of saudi arabia for 9/11

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html
Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

more news on the FBI mole (note FBI failed to inform either congress or the 9/11 commission)
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/02/fbi-now-admits-to-having-mole-in-osama.html

does it help with suing gov. of Saudia Arabia for 9/11??? How does it impact using excuse of 9/11 for wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

posts mentioning military industrial complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
posts mentioning team b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:49 -0500
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
If, OTOH, you have a passion to collect Dusenebrgs, Obamacare is probably not your key to happiness.

one of the criticsm of affordable care act was that there were private meetings with the drug companies and dropped single payer. there was lots of criticsm that it isn't addressing the egregious payments to hospital associations and drug companies. recent item

Keeping the Drug Money Flowing Patient Front Groups Loot Medicare Dollars for Big Pharma
http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/02/26/patient-front-groups-loot-medicare-dollars-for-big-pharma/

this is consistent with observations about Medicare part-d (first major legislation after congress allowed the financial responsibility act to expire in 2002 which required spending not exceed tax revenues; part-d has been repeatedly described as an enormus "gift" to the drug industry).

posts mentioning medicare part-d
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#medicare.part-d

comptroller general would describe it as a long-term $40T unfunded mandate that comes to dwarf all other budget items
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general

recent post about private equity acquiring largest hospital association
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing

doing everything they kind to maximize flow of money into the entities so they can be looted. posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash

From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
Date: 27 Feb 2014
Blog: Google+
re:
https://plus.google.com/102794881687002297268/posts/WX4DNXecgCA

How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/how-the-fed-let-the-world-blow-up-in-2008/284054/

Griftopia had chapter on how CFTC had rule that players had to have position in commodity to play because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price swings. Then 19 secret letters allowed specific speculators to play ... results included the huge spike in oil price the summer of 2008.

Later a member of congress releases transaction data showing that speculators caused the huge spike in oil price the summer of 2008 ... and there was lots of press criticizing the release of transaction data (violating company privacy).

posts mentionin griftopia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2014 11:11:26 -0500
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing

How the Fed Let the World Blow Up in 2008; High oil prices blinded the Fed to the growing danger before the crash
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/how-the-fed-let-the-world-blow-up-in-2008/284054/

Griftopia had chapter on how CFTC had rule that players had to have position in commodity to play because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price swings. Then 19 secret letters allowed specific speculators to play ... results included the huge spike in oil price the summer of 2008.

Later a member of congress releases transaction data showing that speculators caused the huge spike in oil price the summer of 2008 ... and there was lots of press criticizing the release of transaction data (violating company privacy).

posts mentioning griftopia, cftc, speculators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

some of the of the most egregious player in the housing market bubble and failure ... packaging toxic CDOs designed to fail, paying for triple-A rating on the toxic CDOs, selling the triple-A toxic CDOs to their customers and then taking out CDS bets that they would fail ... was also a major speculator causing the huge spike in oil price.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Now the claim that FED uses the excuses of the huge spike in oil price for not addressing the crash of the housing market and economy. Presumably that also accounts for the stories that the FED bails out wallstreet while ignoring "main street".

One of Bernanke statements was that he had figured that the too big to fail would turn around and loan to main street all the free money he was providing them (too big to fail). However, he found that they weren't doing that and he had no way to force them to loan to "main street".

posts mentioning Bernanke
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#bernanke
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2014 12:38:38 -0500
Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com> writes:
too big to fail caught repeatedly money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists ... nominally requires putting executives in jail and shutting down the instititon ... however they are left to do it again and again (when I 1st started seeing references to too big to presecute and too big to jail ... as well as too big to fail responsible for turning Mexico into another Columbia)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#43 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#46 Royal Pardon For Turing

and leaking over from Mexico into the US

Drug trafficker talks CBS News about Mexican drug cartels in the U.S
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/a-drug-trafficker-talks-about-mexican-drug-cartels-in-the-united-states/
Joaquin El Chapo Guzman Sinaloa Drug Cartel Reached Deep in Chicago
http://nation.time.com/2014/02/26/el-chapo-joaquin-guzman-sinaloa-cartel-chicago/?iid=us-category-mostpop2

and other news ... if gov. saudia arabia can now be sued for 9/11, what were the two wars?

9/11 Families 'Ecstatic' They Can Finally Sue Saudi Arabia
http://news.yahoo.com/9-11-families-39-ecstatic-39-finally-sue-222121660--abc-news-topstories.html

Inside the Saudi 9/11 coverup
http://nypost.com/2013/12/15/inside-the-saudi-911-coverup/
Murdoch's NY Post Backs Michael Moore's Bush-Saudi 9/11 Claims
http://news.firedoglake.com/2013/12/16/murdochs-ny-post-backs-michael-moores-bush-saudi-911-claims/

account by sat. photo recon analyst
http://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2

reports iraqi buildup for invasion of kuwait. admin says that saddam had told them he would do no such thing and they start discrediting the analyst (these are people previously involved in supplying Iraq WMDs in the iraq/iran war, later would fabricate WMDs for justifying invasion of Iraq). He then starts reporting Iraqi buildup for invasion of saudi arabia ... and the administration takes some action.

Early reports of afghan was instead of surgical attack against al qaeda ... they take the time to marshal forces to fight taliban, allowing al qaeda to escape. Later a group has sights on Ben Laden ... but rules of engagement require legal approval to take the shot ... which they don't get. and recent news.

The FBI had a mole inside al Qaeda who met with Osama bin Laden eight years prior to 9/11 and knew he planned to finance terror attacks, but the bureau declined to tell Congressional investigators or the 9/11 Commission about the mole, sources involved in the case told NBC News.
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/fbi-never-revealed-it-had-al-qaeda-mole-who-met-n39076

more news on the FBI mole (note FBI failed to inform either congress or the 9/11 commission)
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2014/02/fbi-now-admits-to-having-mole-in-osama.html

posts mentioning money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
posts mentioning too big to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts mentioning MICC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
posts mentioning team B
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM ACS

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM ACS
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2014 21:53:13 -0500
145
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3145.html

from above:
In conventional memories, data is stored in magnetically charged cores strung on wires. The use of monolithic memory technology, with its very high circuit density, allows IBM to offer Model 145 users more than a half-million characters of high-speed storage in about half the space that would be required by core planes for an equivalent amount of memory. The more than 1,400 circuit elements on each monolithic chip are interconnected to make up 174 complete memory circuits.

... snip ...

ibm 370
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/370

from above:
In June 1971, on the S/370-145 (one of which had to be 'smuggled' into Cambridge Scientific Center to prevent anybody noticing the arrival of an S/370 at that hotbed of virtual memory development -- since this would have signaled that the S/370 was about to receive address relocation technology). (Varian 1997:p29[5])

... snip ...

the cp67 development group (4th flr) had actually split off from the science center on its way to morphing into the vm370 development group ... and had taken over the (ibm) boston programming center on the 3rd flr ... the 145 went into a machine room on the 3rd flr. trivia ... the boston programming center only occupied part of the 3rd flr ... the bldg registry listed the rest of the 3rd flr occupied by lawyer offices ... however the phone closet for the 3rd flr was in the ibm area ... and the other occupant was listed as a certain 3letter gov. agency.

145 announce
http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/IBM-ProdAnn/370-145.pdf

from above:
Storage in the Model 145 is a monolithic non-destructive read-out storage. Storage cycle time ranges from about 202.5 to 315 nanoseconds depending on the type of operation being executed. A read cycle will access 72 bits from which the CPU will operate on 36 bits. Monolithic storage is used for both control and main storage.

... snip ...

165 (and some 155)
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3165.html

from above:
Both Models 155 and 165 have two-level memory systems - - a very high-performance buffer storage backed by a large main core storage. This hierarchy, in which the CPU gets data directly from the faster buffer most of the time, significantly reduces the effective main storage cycle and closely matches the memory cycle to CPU cycle. (Model 165 main storage has a 2-microsecond cycle and its buffer storage has an 80-nanosecond cycle. The Model 155 main storage has a 2.1-microsecond cycle while its buffer has a 115-nanosecond cycle. In operation, the 155 accesses four bytes in two cycles -- 230 nanoseconds. A byte is a unit of storage equivalent to a character or two decimal digits.)

... snip ...

168 announce
http://www.ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/IBM-ProdAnn/370-168.pdf

from above:
The processor storage is an integrated monolithic non-destructive readout storage. The storage technology is the FET (Field Effect Transistor) type. The processor storage is available in capacities of 1 to 4 megabytes in one megabyte increments. The storage operates in four-way interleave mode and a doubleword data width. The cycle is 480 nanoseconds for doubleword fetches and stores. The processor storage control function contains the Dynamic Address Translation (DAT), Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB), high-speed buffer, address array, storage protect and channel buffers.

... snip ...

other product announcements
http://www.ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/IBM-ProdAnn/index.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2014 09:17:19 -0500
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Having health insurance does not guarantee access. The more the premiums cost, the less money in the economy. Eventually people will not be creating wealth but simply be in maintenance, low-survival mode.

US has higher per capita and % GDP on health care and one of the worse health care compared to industrial nations with universal health care
http://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/49105858.pdf

above shows up until late 70s, US costs were tracking similar to other countries ... and then started to significantly accelerate (while same time health results weren't improving or delining). this is also happens to correspond to another change in the US about the same time:
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday

other
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/health-costs-how-the-us-compares-with-other-countries/
http://www.imf.org/external/np/seminars/eng/2011/paris/pdf/Joumard.pdf

part of the cost acceleration and decline in quality involves private equity move into health care businesses ... attempting to extract as much as possible
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

and they have a lot of self-interest in preserving the status quo ... keeping costs high and quality low.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2014 08:18:29 -0800 (PST)
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#103 Royal Pardon For Turing

Post up thread has news item about what happened to the largest hospital association in the country. They're having been similar articles about private equity has been buying up private dentist and doctor practices and packaging them together and sucking out whatever value they can get ... do a little search engine

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2014 12:38:05 -0500
"Osmium" <r124c4u102@comcast.net> writes:
I think that msg is directed at me. I clicked your link (finally) and got a big page of links. It is like a dictionary, I look up "aphid" It tells me there is a word for that. I already suspected that. I have to read the whole dictionary. I only have so much time.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#105 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing

sorry ... at coffee shop with tablet ... and tablet doesn't have a lot of capability.

reference to upthread post mentioning private equity taking over largest hospital association
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing

one of the references

Outsourcing as an element of the private equity model
http://runningahospital.blogspot.com/2013/12/outsourcing-as-element-of-private.html

also
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing

has this reference from "The Great Deformation" loc11365-69:
THE HCA PRIVATE EQUITY PLUNDER: STATE POLICY RUN AMOK At the end of the day, the circumstances of the $33 billion HCA buyout are a screaming indictment of current policies of the state. HCA is the nation's largest hospital chain, but it thrives only by dint of the $15 billion it collects each year from Medicaid and Medicare. These revenues are vastly inflated compared to what HCA would obtain if it had to compete for patient dollars in an honest consumer-driven market.

loc11398-401:
The estimate at the time was that this sweeping change in the Medicare reimbursement régime could have reduced its hospital payments by 30 percent and would have struck a mortal blow at high-cost general hospital chains like HCA. Stated differently, much of the inflated EBITDA which was absorbing HCA's $2.0 billion annual interest bill would have been clawed back to the benefit of taxpayers.

... snip ...

some of the URLs from search engine regarding private equity & health care

Dental Abuse Seen Driven by Private Equity Investments
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-05-17/dental-abuse-seen-driven-by-private-equity-investments.html
HCA: The Unsustainable Private Equity Bubble in US Health Care
http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/08/15/private-equity-wont-fix-health-care-either/
HCA Shareholders Allege Bain Capital, Other Private Equity Firms Colluded in Buyout
http://www.beckershospitalreview.com/racs-/-icd-9-/-icd-10/hca-shareholders-allege-bain-capital-other-private-equity-firms-colluded-in-buyout.html
A Giant Hospital Chain Is Blazing a Profit Trail
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/15/business/hca-giant-hospital-chain-creates-a-windfall-for-private-equity.html

private equity looting health care similar to how its looting other businesses ... a synopses here:
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Royal Pardon For Turing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 28 Feb 2014 15:58:09 -0500
hancock4 writes:
Medicare does evaluate and deny claims. Perhaps not as much as they should, but they do.

As to the issue of "fraud", when it comes to senior health care, there is a large gray area. Some families recognize grandma is essentially gone and just her made comfortable until the time comes. But other families insist on maximum health care to keep grandma going, even stuff like feeding tubes, etc. Who is right?

Hospice care is another tricky area. A 90 y/o with dementia does not need a lot of care nor family counseling, while an alert 65 y/o with cancer may need considerable care and family support that are justified in that situation. It appears Medicare pays out hospice care either way.


medicaid fraud (&/or bill padding) has been estimated 20-30% ... medicaid is run by the states with matching funds from cms
http://www.cms.gov/

CMS had a set of anti-fraud best practices that if the state legislatures would adopt, CMS would increase their funding level to 60% (more than making back the additional funding with fraud reduction). medicaid providers lobby in various states managed to block the additional anti-fraud provisions. At least one state, the asst. attorney general in charge of medicaid fraud, resigned over state legislature not passing the anti-fraud provisions.

misc. past posts mentioning medicaid fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#71 "Rat Your Boss" or "Rats to Riches," the New SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#31 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#81 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#66 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing

somewhat goes hand-in-hand with private equity looting the health care industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#100 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#105 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing

posts mentioning private equity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970






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