List of Archived Posts

2019 Newsgroup Postings (03/20 - 05/08)

Social Security screening Facebook Instagram to evaluate disability claim
Billions From Deutsche Bank Despite Trump's Bankruptcies, Defaults, and Financial Malfeasance
After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
Tandem Memo
Tandem Memo
Tandem Memo
Tandem Memo
How Iran Won Our Iraq War
How Iran Won Our Iraq War
Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
Internal Telephone Message System
Online Computer Conferencing
Online Computer Conferencing
Online Computer Conferencing
Online Computer Conferencing
Online Computer Conferencing
This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Online Computer Conferencing
Science Center
How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
Meet the 'rented white coats' who defend toxic chemicals
Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
Edward Snowden
Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead
Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
Capitalism Gone Wild
Capitalism Gone Wild
Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy
Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
You paid taxes. These corporations didn't
System/360 consoles
S/360
S/360
Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit
Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
HA/CMP, HA/6000, Harrier/9333, STK Iceberg & Adstar Seastar
Stuff We Can't Afford, Part 1: Paying People To Live On Flood Plains
Make Stock Buybacks Illegal?
S/360
Location Independent Code
Cobol
The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive
IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
Alsid raises $14.7 million to secure your Active Directory installation
IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call
IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
The Brawl in IBM 1964
Why the Infamous Trump Tower Meeting Didn't Take Down Trump
IBM downturn
IBM downturn
IBM downturn
IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
IBM downturn
TCM
China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
TCM
Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits
You can't beat an unwinnable game, but you can break it
SS Trustees Report Summary
MVS Boney Fingers
IBM Retirement Heist
MVS Boney Fingers
Why hiring the 'best' people produces the least creative results
Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
The US Is Spending $1.25 Trillion Annually on War
Student Loan Forgiveness Program Offers False Hope, Rejects 99% of Applications
mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Social Security screening Facebook Instagram to evaluate disability claim

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Social Security screening Facebook Instagram to evaluate disability claim.
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 20 Mar 2019 17:29:24 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Note that S/S Disability has always had extremely stringent verification processes. Your doctors has to provide certified medical records, and then the send you to their doctors to double check, for starters.

The New Normal 'Safety Net': Surging Disability Benefits Claims
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-12-27/new-normal-safety-net-surging-disability-benefits-claims
In a 2013 paper, David Autor, an economist at MIT, and his co-authors wrote that Social Security disability insurance was the single biggest source of federal transfers into areas that had been directly affected by trade with China and Mexico. Dan Black, now at the University of Chicago, found in a 2004 paper that growth in disability claims in Appalachia dramatically outpaced those in the rest of the country. Although it's not designed to, Autor says, Social Security disability benefits function as unemployment insurance.
... snip ...

Mapping the Growth of Disability Claims in America
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2016-12-16/mapping-the-growth-of-disability-claims-in-america
If you've paid into Social Security, become injured or sick, and can no longer earn more than $1,130 a month, you can get a monthly subsidy from Social Security's Disability Insurance Trust Fund. In 1990 fewer than 2.5 percent of working-age Americans were "on the check." By 2015 the number stood at 5.2 percent. That growth has left the fund in periodic need of rescues by Congress--most recently in 2015, when the Bipartisan Budget Act shifted money from Social Security's old-age survivors' fund to extend the solvency of the disability fund to 2023.
...
The OIG reports that its fraud units saved the fund $416 million in 2015; total payments that year were $89 billion.
... snip ...

trivia: by comparison, medicaid fraud is claimed to be 20% to 30% ... however, medicaid is administrated by the states ... with matching fund from the FEDs. CMS has program where if states adopted CMS based anti-fraud practices, FEDs would increase FED funding from 50% to 60% ... presuming that FED funds actually decrease, the percent increase more than offset by reduction in fraud. However, there are several states with legislatures that don't pass the anti-fraud improvements ... possibly/apparently because it would reduce money coming into the state. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#71 "Rat Your Boss" or "Rats to Riches," the New SEC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#37 WHAT, WHY AND HOW - FRAUD, IMPACT OF AUDIT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#31 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#69 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#81 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#66 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#89 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#64 OT: NYT article--the rich get richer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#38 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#49 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#59 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#83 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#53 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Billions From Deutsche Bank Despite Trump's Bankruptcies, Defaults, and Financial Malfeasance

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Billions From Deutsche Bank Despite Trump's Bankruptcies, Defaults, and Financial Malfeasance
Date: 20 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
Billions From Deutsche Bank Despite Trump's Bankruptcies, Defaults, and Financial Malfeasance
https://therealnews.com/stories/billions-from-deutsche-bank-despite-trumps-bankruptcies-defaults-and-financial-malfeasance
So in the savings and loan debacle, there were 300 of these control frauds. And we put almost all of their leadership in prison in the Enron era. All of those major ones were control frauds. Enron was a criminal enterprise, it just posed as an energy company, but it was really a criminal enterprise. It is a form of organized crime, in course. In the Great Financial Crisis, the run up, all of the lenders that specialized in making liars loans-as the name implies, those are knowingly fraudulent loans made by the lender. So all of those were frauds and the major entities that purchased them were also engaged in fraud, which is why it was a "don't ask don't tell" system where everybody pretended that the loans had high quality.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Black reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal
The former Director of the Institute for Fraud Prevention now teaches Economics and Law at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. During the savings and loan crisis, it was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.
... snip ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Bill_Moyers_Journal_appearance
On April 3, 2009 Black appeared on Bill Moyers Journal on PBS and provided critical commentary on the U.S. banking crisis.[6] In the interview with Bill Moyers,[7] Black asserted that the banking crisis in the United States that started in late 2008 is essentially a big Ponzi scheme; that the "liar loans" and other financial tricks were essentially illegal frauds; and that the triple-A ratings given to these loans was part of a criminal cover-up. He said that the "Prompt Corrective Action Law" passed after the Savings and loan crisis mandated that ailing banks should be put into receivership. Black also stated that trying to hide how bad the situation is will simply prolong the problem, as happened in Japan and resulted in Japan's lost decade. Black stated that Timothy Geithner was engaged in a cover-up, and that the administration did not want people to understand what went wrong or how bad the banking situation was.
... snip ...

control fraud reference
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal

Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
Madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
Date: 20 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
https://www.fool.com/investing/general/2016/04/25/after-forking-out-110-billion-on-stock-buybacks-ib.aspx

last oct ... still doing buybacks ... but will shift focus needing it for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares

Uptic with Gerstner and continued, but after turn of century saw big surge, not only IBM, but lots of other corporations.

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/

pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

Note: buybacks use to be illegal because they were viewed as executives manipulate market
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
Date: 21 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie; How a farcical series of events in the 1880s produced an enduring and controversial legal precedent
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/03/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/

somebody had (re-)posted above earlier today.

from the railroad fraud side:
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and Railroaded
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U

pg170/loc3706-12:
The San Francisco merchants joined an antimonopoly crusade led by the Democrats that swept the California elections of 1882. The nearly immediate defection of two of their new railroad commissioners had not been what they expected. 108 And they were even more dismayed by two decisions of Judge Stephen Field. The Southern Pacific had nearly crippled many counties by refusing to pay taxes. Litigation culminated in County of San Mateo v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company (1882) and County of Santa Clara v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company (1883), which famously voided the tax bills for charging different rates for corporate and noncorporate owners and ruled that the corporation was a person within the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment and entitled to all constitutional protections.

pg171/loc3735-36:
The political marriage of Leland Stanford and Christopher Buckley gave birth to the Octopus. The Octopus temporarily thwarted antimonopolists,
... snip ...

from the supreme court side
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#16 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#53 Amdahl UTS manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#35 Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#63 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#93 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#16 America Celebrates Lateral Move From Monarchy To Corporate Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#36 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#113 The Supreme Court Is Headed Back to the 19th Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#9 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#22 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Date: 21 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation, repeated at HILLGANG user group meeting 2011
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/hill0316g.pdf

was scheduled for one hour session at SEAS ... but lots of questions and asked to resume that night in function room off the bar ... ran another four hrs.

more trivia, IBM System magazine article from 2005 about active in online forums and discussions on IBM history subjects (although they garbled some of the history)
http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/mainframe/stoprun/Stop-Run/Making-History/
they had come to the house to take pictures, used in the paper magazine copy.

for the fun of it, old archived email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

from long ago and far away
Date: 08/18/86 11:32:09
From: wheeler

I'm going to be in Austin tomorrow and Weds. for a earth station installation review meeting. I should be back in San Jose on Thursday. BTW, could you order me four pc/ats with 30meg. hard disks?

also, fyi, I'm giving a talk at SEAS in Oct. (Oct. 6th-9th on the isle of Jersey). The following is the talk abstract/etc.:

History of VM Performance - 4.32  Lynn Wheeler
.sk
Abstract
.sk
I will present a quick historical perspective on VM performance,
beginning in January of 1968 when I started work on CP/67.  I will
touch briefly on queue management, page thrashing controls, feedback
algorithms, microcode assists, page I/O subsystems, multiprocessor
support, shared segments, CP pathlengths, CMS file systems, virtual
guests, page replacement algorithms and how many of these areas
evolved over the last twenty years.
.sk
Systems covered will be CP/67, VM/370, VM/370 Resource Manager, VM/370
SEPP, VM/SP, and VM/HPO.
.sk 2
--------
.sk 2
I began work on CP/67 while an undergraduate at Washington State
University.
.sk 2
I joined IBM at Cambridge Scientific Center in 1970.  I worked
primarily on CP & VM operating system technology and algorithms while
at Cambridge.  While at Cambridge, I released the VM/370 Resource
Manager.
.sk 2
I transfered to IBM San Jose Research in 1977.  I continue to work
primarily in the area of SCP software.  Recently, I have been
responsible for the SYSPAG changes that were released with VM/HPO3.4
and CMS Paging Access Method that are part of VM/PC release 2.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
resource manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
paging algorithms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
CMS page mapped filesystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Date: 21 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

Because I had mentioned HPO publically available information, local management was concerned that respective organizations might not think that I should be using publically available information.

Date: 09/16/86 10:14:45
From: wheeler

re: history of vm performance;

I don't compare pam to hpo. specs.

1) I have extract from a talk I gave at share in 1969 that shows work that I did at wsu before joining ibm.

2) I have graph done in 1975 showing PID vm system, Resource Manger, and plus PAM that was used as part of justification for Resource Manager

3) I show the results of a benchmark (not comparison) that Bob Creasy and I did in June of 1975 for ECPS.

4) I have numbers from 1979 that show PAM/CDF, PAM/EDF, and EDF/4k performance.

5) Finally, I have a table that gives hardware configuration for a typical PID CP/67 release 3.2 system and and hardware configuration for a typical PID HPO 2.5 system. There is then a column that gets relative performance difference between the hardware in the two configurations.

Those are the only comparisons done in the whole paper, the rest is description of performance items taken out of published liturature ... w/o comparisons.

Because the time is short, which of the above five items do you believe need approval for publication from Endicott or Kingston (or in the case of the hardware comparison, GPD, POK, etc.)?

items #1, #2, and #3 are all over ten years old and is work that I did.

item #4 work is almost eight years old

item #5 comes from public published specifications on the performance of the hardware in question (the 67 information is 15 years old and the 3081 information is almost 5 years old).

I've been asked by local management for the mentioned topic (vmp003 script, history of vm performance) to get approval from endicott or kingston. Do you know of anybody in Endicott that can approve the talk? It is for fall SEAS meeting. I need to it by the 26th &/or should contact SEAS immediately and tell them that the talk can't be approved and they should cancel it.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

Most of the work I had done with CP/67 either as undergraduate or shortly after joining IBM. Old email about migrating features from CP/67 to VM/370 (for VM370, there was a great deal of simplification and/or dropped from CP/67, the SEAS paper does reference the SHARE VM paper about "VM/370 is regression from the best of CP67").
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

trivia: I had done a lot of work as undergraduate, dynamic adaptive resource management and page replacement global least recently used replacement algorithm, etc. With respect to Global LRU, Jim Gray talked to me at ACM SIGOPS (Asilomar, 14-15Dec81) about helping a co-worker at Tandem get his Stanford PHD (that involved Global LRU technology). In the 60s when I was doing work on Global LRU, there were papers published in CACM on "Local LRU" and then the people responsible were heavily pressuring Stanford to not approve PHD on Global LRU. I had lots of "apples-to-apples" detail showing Global LRU had much better throughput than "Local LRU" (which Jim wanted me to contribute). IBM then blocked my providing that information for nearly a year. I hoped that IBM blocking me was punishing me (for being blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s on the IBM internal network) and not because they were taking sides in academic dispute. Finally allowed to transmit information nearly year later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

During this period, I was working with the IBM San Jose senior editor on drafts of several papers. He would comment that he had never seen anything like it before, management constantly objecting to content, regardless of how many times we would revise it. After five years of working with me, he returned all copies as pointless activity (IBM was never going to approve for publication anything I had written).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
resource manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
paging algorithms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock
CMS page mapped filesystem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Date: 22 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#5 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

with respect to upthread email reference about being in Austin for earth station install meeting ... I also had project I called HSDT doing T1 (1.5/2.0 mbit/sec) and faster speed links ... both terrestrial and satellite, including working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect NSF Supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happens, and finally release RFP. Old post with 28Mar1986 preliminary announce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
reference
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
as regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet.

Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other gov. agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all bid submissions). Part of internal politics was the communication group was spreading a lot of internal misinformation implying that SNA/VTAM could do the job. Somebody collected a bunch of their internal email and forwarded to us ... heavily snipped and redacted (to protect the guility).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

Other old NSF related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
and old HSDT related email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#hsdt

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
Internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Date: 24 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#4 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#5 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#6 Oct1986 IBM user group SEAS history presentation
Date: 10/10/86 09:07:38 From: wheeler

hi, just read your mail ... am currently in England ... but been on the isle of Jersey for the past 6 days at a SEAS (european Share) conference and there are no network connections there.

I've sent off request about austin meeting ... hopefully it isn't too late. FYI ... I'll be back in the states (california) on Weds.


Date: 10/10/86 09:09:47 From: wheeler

hi, back in London. SEAS meeting went well. Looked like Endicott hardare & software announcements were well received. My talk went over well ... but they had only allocated me 45 minutes which didn't allow me to cover much, they then scheduled a BOF and I talked for another several hours (including the Q&A). I give a shorten version of the talk on Monday at Croyden and then will be back in California on Tuesday afternoon.


Date: 10/10/86 09:13:51 From: wheeler

re: sat. link; Austin development has purchased a sizeable chunk of the GPD EVE time (contact Ken Ouchi for any further details). Austin will be getting production service on the GPD EVE via the Austin to Los Gatos HSDT satellite link (the Austin earth station is scheduled to be operational around the 1st of december). Austin EVE files will be 'store&forwarded' between Austin and the EVE machine thru Los Gatos. The Austin HSDT satellite link will be T1/1.5mbits and they are expecting fast network data transfer between Austin and the GPD Eve.

It is possible that the operational date for the earth station could be up to a week or two early or late. You might also want to contact Ken about the GPD commitments to Austin for EVE access and what schedule he is on.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

EVE (Endicott Verification Engine) was in Disk Engineering machine room, disk engineering had been temporarily relocated to offsite "bldg 86" just south of the plant site, while bldg 14 under went seismic retrofit. The use of HSDT sat. link and GPD EVE is credited with helping bring RIOS chipset (RS/6000) in a year early. HSDT had 4.5meter dishes at LSG & YKT, but a 7meter dish going into next to Austin bldg. 45 (more signal intereference).

Trivia: Ken filed raid patent 1977
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
801/risc, Iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
Date: 24 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie

more Railroaded

pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters.

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
Date: 25 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt - Extra History - #1
https://www.youtube.com/attribution_link?a=zdESOmcA75o&u=%2Fwatch%3Fv%3Dk1kndKWJKB8%26feature%3Dshare

South Sea Company
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sea_Company
The South Sea Bubble
https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/South-Sea-Bubble/
South Sea Bubble
https://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/ssb/history.html
South Sea Bubble
https://www.britannica.com/event/South-Sea-Bubble

Railroad hyperbole echoes all the way down to the dot-com frenzy
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and Railroaded (enormous fraud, graft, and corruption)
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.
... snip ...

Economic mess, 2001-2008 over $27T (triple-A rated, toxic) CDOs/MBSs ... "Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With `Fools' Born to Buy Debt"
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-10-27/evil-wall-street-exports-boomed-with-fools-born-to-buy-debt
The bundling of consumer loans and home mortgages into packages of securities -- a process known as securitization -- was the biggest U.S. export business of the 21st century. More than $27 trillion of these securities have been sold since 2001, according to the Securities Industry Financial Markets Association, an industry trade group. That's almost twice last year's U.S. gross domestic product of $13.8 trillion.
... snip ...

Economic mess, YE2008, four largest TBTF still carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic CDOs/MBSs ... "Banks' Hidden Junk Menaces $1 Trillion Purge"
https://quantnet.com/threads/banks-hidden-junk-menaces-1-trillion-purge.2444/
At the end of 2008, for example, off-balance-sheet assets at just the
four biggest U.S. banks -- Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Wells Fargo & Co. -- were about $5.2 trillion, according to their 2008 annual filings.
... snip ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Bill_Moyers_Journal_appearance
On April 3, 2009 Black appeared on Bill Moyers Journal on PBS and provided critical commentary on the U.S. banking crisis.[6] In the interview with Bill Moyers,[7] Black asserted that the banking crisis in the United States that started in late 2008 is essentially a big Ponzi scheme; that the "liar loans" and other financial tricks were essentially illegal frauds; and that the triple-A ratings given to these loans was part of a criminal cover-up. He said that the "Prompt Corrective Action Law" passed after the Savings and loan crisis mandated that ailing banks should be put into receivership. Black also stated that trying to hide how bad the situation is will simply prolong the problem, as happened in Japan and resulted in Japan's lost decade. Black stated that Timothy Geithner was engaged in a cover-up, and that the administration did not want people to understand what went wrong or how bad the banking situation was.
... snip ...

TARP was justified for buying these offbook toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated, it would hardly make a dent in the problem. TARP was used for other stuff and it was up to the Federal Reserve to do the real bailout behind the scenes. Being able to pay for triple-A (when rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional hearings), eliminated any need to care about borrower's qualifications and/or loan quality; they could securitize the mortgages, pay for triple-A and immediately sell-off into bond market (including to institutions restricted to "safe investments", like large pension funds). Then they found that they could design CDOs/MBSs to fail, pay for triple-A, sell into the bond market, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail. The largest holder of these CDS gambling bets was AIG and negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar, when SECTREAS (Geithner predecessor) steps in, has them sign document that they won't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

re: England still paying off South Sea Bubble, 300yrs later, Railroaded pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

recent Economic Mess still going on.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO/MBS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

posts referencing Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
Date: 25 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family (Neil)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another (Jeb)
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises, proportionally there should be 70,000 convictions (with jailtime).

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

other Black reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Savings_and_loan_scandal
The former Director of the Institute for Fraud Prevention now teaches Economics and Law at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. During the savings and loan crisis, it was Black who accused then-house speaker Jim Wright and five US Senators, including John Glenn and John McCain, of doing favors for the S&L's in exchange for contributions and other perks. The senators got off with a slap on the wrist, but so enraged was one of those bankers, Charles Keating -- after whom the senate's so-called "Keating Five" were named -- he sent a memo that read, in part, 'get Black -- kill him dead.' Metaphorically, of course. Of course.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
Date: 25 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-03-25/average-investor-next-bear-market-will-likely-be-last
The Loss Of "Trust"; A surprising number of Americans who have financial advisors don't trust them to act in their best interests. In a 2016 poll by the American Association of Individual Investors (AAII), 65% of respondents said they mistrust the financial services industry to some degree. In fact, only 2% of respondents claim to trust financial professionals "a lot," while 15% say they trust them "a little."
... snip ...

Are nightmares of the recession still haunting your investing dreams?
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/are-nightmares-of-the-recession-still-haunting-your-investing-dreams-2019-03-15?mod=mw_theo_homepage&mod=mw_theo_homepage

The rhetoric on the floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing uptic/increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime).

In the congressional Madoff hearings they had the person that had tried unsuccessfully to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in, folklore he was looking for gov. protection after having defrauded some unsavory characters). Congress asked him if new regulations were needed. He replied that while new regulations might be needed, much more important would be transparency and visibiilty (possibly because SEC was doing so little with the regulations they had).

Note traders make money from volitility ... pump&dump on the way up and short on the way down. Stable, long-term hold drastically cuts into their revenue. reference from last decade about they all do it and have nothing to worry about from regulators
http://nypost.com/2007/03/20/cramer-reveals-a-bit-too-much/

Cramer ref was just before HFT getting started, which has significantly increased ability to manipulate the market.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-frequency_trading
https://www.newsweek.com/how-high-frequency-trading-firms-can-rig-game-278000

sarbanes-oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
madoff posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff

HFT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#13 Study links ultrafast machine trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#86 The Dangers of High-Frequency Trading; Wall Street's Speed Freaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#44 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#7 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#2 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#29 Destructive Destruction? An Ecological Study of High Frequency Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#41 Computer Simulations Reveal Benefits of Random Investment Strategies Over Traditional Ones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#67 The End Of 'Orderly And Fair Markets'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#40 The Wall Street Code: HFT Whisteblower Haim Bodek on Algorithmic Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#65 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#93 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#100 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#18 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#60 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#71 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#1 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#64 Dark Pool Greed Drove Barclays to Lie to Clients, N.Y. Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#66 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#23 It A "Liquidity Mirage": New York Fed Finally Grasps How Broken The Market Is Due To HFTs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#18 Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#10 Nasdaq asks SEC for speed bump to protect retail traders
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#23 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#60 The Windows 95 chime was created on a Mac
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#95 The Return Of Haim Bodek - HFT's First Whistleblower
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#104 Netscape: The Fire That Filled Silicon Valley's First Bubble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#105 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#108 Share Buybacks and the Contradictions of "Shareholder Capitalism"

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
Date: 25 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#11 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last

GRIFTOPIA
https://www.amazon.com/Griftopia-Machines-Vampire-Breaking-America/dp/0385529953
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griftopia

One of the topics in "Griftopia" was that the commodity markets had requirement that participants have significant position in the commodity because speculators resulted in wild, irrational price swings (pump&dump on the way up and short on the way down). There were then 19 "secret" letters allowing exemptions for specific entities, resulting in wild, irrational price swings ... ... including huge spike in oil (& gasoline) summer of 2008. Later, a member of congress published the summer of 2008 transactions showing those responsible ... somehow they then got the press to vilify the member of congress for violating corporate privacy (misdirection away from the speculators)

griftopia posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#griftopia

... "corporate privacy" possibly enabled by "corporations are people"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#35 Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#34 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#42 The Man Who Wrote Those Password Rules Has a New Tip: N3v$r M1^d!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#63 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#23 How to Stuff a Wild Duck
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#102 Hidden History of How US Corporations Gained Legal Personhood and Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#93 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#30 These Are the Best Companies to Work For in the U.S
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#84 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#100 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#113 The Supreme Court Is Headed Back to the 19th Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#15 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#70 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#4 Noncompliant: A Lone Whistleblower Exposes the Giants of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tandem Memo

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tandem Memo
Date: 26 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
Late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network; folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. From IBMJargon:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticized the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

Jim Gray had left for tandem, palming off a bunch of stuff on me as well as tome about IBM ... from IBMJargon:
MIP envy n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.
... snip ...

copy here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
Jim also had a slightly different version was up on his Microsoft Research site.
http://jimgray.azurewebsites.net/papers/mipenvy.pdf

Some of us would periodically visit Jim at Tandem on Friday afternoon. After one such visit, I distributed a trip report (including comparison of Tandem & IBM management styles), which then snowballed into "tandem memos" ... which had a lot to say about how IBM operated. There was then some misdirection about how "Tandem Memos" was about the lack of computer resources inside IBM (as opposed to anything that might be interpreted as criticism about how IBM was managed), aka earlier "MIP Envy". In support of that theme, there was study tour of other research institutions. Pieces of those tour reports:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61
other pieces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#56

Jim disappeared at sea and then there was a tribute of his life at Berkeley (archived at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html
podcast of the tribute:
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604010939/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23082
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072804/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23083
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072809/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23087
http://web.archive.org/web/20080604072815/http://webcast.berkeley.edu/event_details.php?webcastid=23088

IBMJargon on web:
http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internal

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tandem Memo

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tandem Memo
Date: 26 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo

Almost everything in HONE was done in APL, all the configurators ... SEQUOIA (the large tailored interactive environment that HONE users were placed in), etc. In the middle 70s all US HONE datacenters were consolidated in silicon valley and by late 70s had largest single system image, loosely-couple complex ... eight large POK (168) two processor systems sharing the same disk farm with load-balancing and fall-over across the complex. Even with 16 processors couldn't keep up with the APL CPU workload.

Around the time of the silicon valley consolidation, they started recoding some of the most intensive CPU APL applications in FORTRAN (some cases get 50 times CPU reduction).

HONE had started out with CP67 for branch office online use of guest operating systems in virtual machine. The science center also did port of APL\360 to CP67/CMS as CMS\APL ... and HONE started providing online sales&marketing support applications done in APL. Eventually the APL applications came to dominate all HONE use ... and the virtual guest withered away. There was short period when HONE moved off my CP67s to standard VM370 product.

I then did migration of lots of my CP67 code to VM370 (including lots of stuff I had originally done as undergraduate in the 60s). Some old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Original CP67&VM370 limited "shared pages" to virtual machine IPL ("by name"). For HONE they created a special CMS system that included all of APL system as "shared system" (significantly cutting real storage requirements and paging activity). However, there was no automagic way to switch from APL to Fortran and back to APL. Part of my CP67/CMS enhancements moved to VM370 was paged mapped filesystem that allowed applications to be defined with shared pages ... which allowed transparent switching back and forth between APL & FORTRAN ... and HONE became one of my earliest CSC/VM (later SJR/VM) customer and then my multiprocessor support (allowing doubling processors from eight to 16). A small subset of my shared page later shipped to customers as DCSS in release 3 and then multiprocessor ships in standard product in release 4.

HONE &/or APL posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
multiprocessor &/or compare&swap posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
paged mapped filesystem posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#mmap
shared pages/module posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tandem Memo

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tandem Memo
Date: 26 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#14 Tandem Memo

Regarding Jim's MIP Envy comments about porting System/R (original RDBMS had been done on dedicate VM/CMS 370/145 during the 70s) to MVS (eventually announced as DB2) ... having to do the work on MVS/TSO in virtual machine on (loaded) VM/370 158. SJR originally had the 370/145 for System/R and 370/195 for batch work. SJR then got a 370/158 for general VM/CMS (eliminating 370/145) and eventually the 370/195 was replaced with MVS 370/168.

The VM/158, MVS/168 configuration was a few (dedicated) strings of 3330s with two-channel controllers allowing access to all strings by both machines. However there were strict rules about not mixing MVS & VM packs on the "dedicated" MVS&VM controllers. One morning, MVS operations "accidentally" mounted a MVS 3330 pack on a VM/CMS controller. Almost immediately the datacenter got irate CMS user calls complaining about CMS server had suddently severely deteriorated. We identified the problem as the MVS 3330 on VM controller and asked that it had to be immediately moved. Operations replied that they would delay moving the MVS 3330 until offshift (meaning that VM/CMS service was going to horribly suffer all day). We then take a VS1 (optimized for running in VM370 virtual machine) and mounted its 3330 on MVS controller. All of a sudden MVS/168 throughput plummeted and VM/370 throughput got significantly better.

The issue is that OS/360 and its descendants make heavy use of multi-track search operations (VTOC, PDS directory, etc), which ties up the device, controller, and channel for the duration of the operation (lots of full cylinder multi-track searches taking 1/3rd second elapsed time on 3330). The MVS pack on VM controller was creating enormous controller busy, blocking CMS access. Turns out that tailored VS1 for VM370 virtual machine on heavily loaded VM/158, has higher throughput than dedicated MVS/168 ... VS1/VM370 multi-track search was slowing down all MVS throughput, including for the MVS application using the 3330 on the VM controller. The MVS operators immediately agreed to move the MVS 3330 (on the VM controller), if we would stop the VS1 system.

Not long later, I was brought into a large Oakland datacenter (for national grocery chain). They had several dedicated (batch) systems all sharing same disk farm, supporting store operations. They were experiencing severe degradation and throughput at all stores during peak load. All the usual corporate MVS experts had been brought in to investigate the problem, without any results. They brought me to class/meeting room with dozen tables, all covered with paper stacks of system activity. After 30-40 minutes I started to notice that the aggregate activity for a specific disk would peak around 6-7 I/Os per second (sum'ed across all system activity) corresponded with the periods of worst system throughput. It turns out that the disk contained a large software library of store controller transaction applications ... with 3cylinder PDS directory. Every store controller transaction loaded an application from the library required, seek/multi-track search for library member, then seek/read to load the member. It was taking avg. of two seek/multi-track search to find the directory member, then seek/read to load the member. First multi-track search was full cylinder, 19 tracks, 60revs/sec ... plus seek was 1/3sec elapsed time. The 2nd multi-track search avg. 9.5 tracks taking 1/6sec plus seek/read, a little over 1/2sec. It turns out the avg. was slightly less than 1/2sec ... being able to get a smidge more than two store controller transaction application loads per second, aggregate, across all the systems in the complex for all stores in the nation.

"FIX" involved 1) splitting store controller applications into multiple PDS libraries so each directory was less than single cylinder and 2) replicating dedicated application libraries on separate 3330 for each system, mounted on a dedicated system disk controller (so system library accesses weren't interfering with each other).

Disclaimer: I had run into this as undergraduate in the 60s when I carefully redid the STAGE2 SYSGEN output from OS/360 STAGE1. Part of it was to cluster highest used files and PDS members to minimize disk arm seek distances. Placing the highest used PDS members first, also met that their directory entries were first (significantly reducing multi-track search time). In aggregate, cut elapsed time for typical student jobs by nearly 2/3rds. From part of old 60s presentation at SHARE ... includes both optimizing OS/360 as well as rewriting much of CP67 code:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

posts mentioning DASD, multi-track search, performance, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd
other posts mentioning getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
posts mentioning original SQL/relational, System/R
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Tandem Memo

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Tandem Memo
Date: 26 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#13 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#14 Tandem Memo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#15 Tandem Memo

lots more trivia, in the 86/87 time-frame, the communication group was spreading huge amount misinformation about the IBM internal network had to be converted to SNA/VTAM (or bad things would happen). It would have been significantly better, much better service and throughput, and significant lower cost ... as the corporate sponsored university BITNET did for BITNET2.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
I had been working with members of the internal network backbone steering committee on lots of enhancements ... and then was told that the communication group had gotten meetings restricted to managers only (not wanting to have their SNA/VTAM effort confused with technical facts). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

At the same time they were spreading lots of misinformation that the NSF supercomputer centers could be interconnected with SNA/VTAM. Somebody collected a lot of their internal email and forwarded it to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
Early in HSDT effort (doing T1/1.5&2.0 mbits/sec and faster links), we were working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and eventually release on RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Copy of 3/28/86 preliminary announce:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

Internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries to help and writes the company a letter with the support from other agencies, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comment that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/
As regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into the NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet.

At the same time communication group was spreading misinformation that supercomputer center interconnect (which called for T1) could use SNA/VTAM, they generated a study for the corporate executive committee that customers wouldn't be interested in T1 support before sometime in the 90s (in part because 3705/3725 only supported 56kbit/sec). The study looked at customer "fat pipes" (multiple parallel 56kbit links treated as single logical link), finding that the use dropped to zero around six links. What they didn't know (and/or avoided presenting) was that typical TELCO tariffs for T1 was about the same as five or six 56kbit links. Customers were just switching to full T1 links supported by non-IBM controllers.

Communication group is then forced into corner to support some sort of T1 support and come out with 3737 ... which is a box with a boat loads of M68k processors and memory that simulates CTCA giving immediate ACKs to data RUs ... trying to mask (terrestrial) transmission latency (that SNA/VTAM doesn't tolerate well, max un-ACKed RUs quickly exceeded). Even with all the resources, 3737 peaks about 2mbit/sec aggregate, US T1 full-duplex is 3mbits/sec and EU T1 full-duplex is 4mbits/sec. old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880130
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email880606
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#email881005

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Iran Won Our Iraq War

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Iran Won Our Iraq War
Date: 27 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
How Iran Won Our Iraq War
https://now.tufts.edu/articles/how-iran-won-our-iraq-war

more from the law of unintended consequences (that come back to bite you), note that the decision to dissolve the Iraq military and throw all the members on the street ... gave rise to the formation of ISIS.

last decade (before invasion), cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

Note in the 80s during Iran/Iraq war, US supported Iraq & Saddam, including supplying WMDs. Then in 90s, sat. photo recon analyst told white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that they didn't believe him and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/

and more from the law of unintended consequences,
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/
invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for (fabricated) WMDs, when they get around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated. Later large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs. Also, military-industrial complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID that can only be used for purchase of US arms

Family of Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/

... has Bush creating "Team B" after becoming CIA Director. All the other stuff I've read about "Team B" has Colby not approving the "Team B" analysis and Rumsfeld getting Colby replaced with Bush, who would approve "Team B" analysis (justifying huge DOD spending increase), then Rumsfeld resigns as white house chief of staff (replaced by his assistant Cheney) to become SECDEF.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

This century, H. is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

continuing the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you; pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ..

... radical Islam let loose on the world

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Iran Won Our Iraq War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How Iran Won Our Iraq War
Date: 27 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War

Note Sunni and Shia are akin to the Irish Catholics and Protestants ... although the Sunni/Shia conflicts have had lots of western oil politics thrown in.

Churchill describes the mess in the middle east starting before UK when they wanted to move to more powerful battleships necessitating move from coal to oil. The World Crisis, Vol. 1, loc2087-89:
To build any large additional number of oil-burning ships meant basing our naval supremacy upon oil. But oil was not found in appreciable quantities in our islands. If we required it, we must carry it by sea in peace or war from distant countries.

loc2151-56:
This led to enormous expense and to tremendous opposition on the Naval Estimates. Yet it was absolutely impossible to turn back. We could only fight our way forward, and finally we found our way to the Anglo-Persian Oil agreement and contract, which for an initial investment of two millions of public money (subsequently increased to five millions) has not only secured to the Navy a very substantial proportion of its oil supply, but has led to the acquisition by the Government of a controlling share in oil properties and interests which are at present valued at scores of millions sterling, and also to very considerable economies, which are still continuing, in the purchase price of Admiralty oil.
... snip ...

After WW2, Iran has democratically elected president that wants to look at the Anglo-Persian deal. US helps with coup to depose the president
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/
including
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kermit_Roosevelt,_Jr.
in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Iranian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
and to help keep the shah in power, US (including Norman Schwarzkopf senior) trained
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAVAK
Savak Agent Describes How He Tortured Hundreds
https://www.nytimes.com/1979/06/18/archives/savak-agent-describes-how-he-tortured-hundreds-trial-is-in-a-mosque.html
Iran people eventually revolt against the horribly oppressive, autocratic government.

Original justification for Iraq invasion was their support of Al Qaeda (which was just the opposite) and then changed to WMDs. White House Chief of Staff Card's cousin was dealing with Iraq in the UN and given proof that the WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iraq/Iran war) were decommissioned; shares the information with their cousin Card and others ... is then locked up in military hospital. Eventually publishes account in 2010 (4yrs before information was declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

again from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite, decision to disband the Iraq military and dump all the members on the street gives rise to ISIS

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

Churchill refs to needing "oil":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#78 The World Crisis, Vol. 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#102 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#21 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#23 Frieden calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#39 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#72 A Coal Fire May Have Helped Sink the 'Titanic'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#33 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#90 Economist, Harry Dent Hints: Global Banks Facing a Serious Crisis in Months Ahead
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#59 Breaking: Entire Nation Experiencing Collective Amnesia About Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#97 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#104 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#115 When It Comes to the War in the Greater Middle East, Maybe We're the Bad Guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#14 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#82 DEC and HVAC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#30 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#59 America's War for the Greater Middle East: A Military History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#90 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#104 Iran shrink-wrapped $100 Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#99 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#88 Trump administration appointee quits lobbying for Saudi Arabia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
Date: 28 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/03/does-capitalism-kill-cooperation.html

"RAILROADED"
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U

has corporations cut-throat directly against each other ... and then evolving into using government against each other ... not just buying members of government to loot government funds ... but owning members of government & government decisions against other other.

There appeared to be periods of cooperation against a "common" enemy but then devolved into blind-siding each other when other threats had been dealt with. Lots of individuals with little sense of ethics ... lots of individuals in the economic mess last decade described as sociopaths.

In 80s, there were silicon valley get togethers where people could bring unannounced products that people from other companies could play with ... but that culture pretty much disappeared in the 90s ... with the rise of vulture capitalists. In 1999 when I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess, I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises and were then running Internet IPO mills, invest a few millions, hype, then IPO for a couple billion, should then fail, to leave the field clear for the next round of IPOs (and were predicted to get into securitzed mortgages next).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

posts mentioning railroaded:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#70 Regulatory Agency logo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#79 Bain: A consulting firm too hot to handle? (Fortune, 1987)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#62 Why Is Finance So Big?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#48 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#22 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#84 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#29 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#32 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#11 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#84 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#59 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#49 How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#108 GE's $31 billion pension nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Internal Telephone Message System

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Internal Telephone Message System
Date: 28 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
phone msg email from long ago and far away:
Date: 04/13/83
MSG From the SJRL Telephone Message Routing System
To: Lynn H. WHEELER Time: 04:52 Date: 04/13/83
From: xxx Phone- 8-zzzzzzz
Message: Re: Amy

... snip ...

In the late 70s, we would have discussions at "Fridays" after work about the dismal level of computer literacy among managers and executives ... and what we could do to encourage computer use. We came up with online telephone books, Jim Gray would write the CMS application and I would write processes to collect softcopy of corporate phone books, format, and distribute ... with criteria that neither of us would spend more than a week on the effort. One of the biggest problems were security officers who felt that online phonebooks should have much higher security classification than the paper copy "internal use only" (aka only available to those with demonstrated "need to know").

It was also one of the internal applications collected by the PROFS organization. PROFS trivia: one of the other applications collected was very early "VMSG" for the email client. When the VMSG author tried to offer the PROFS group an enhanced version, they tried to get them fired (since they apparently had claimed credit). The whole thing quiets down when the "VMSG" author demonstrates that all PROFS email/notes have his initials in non-displayed field. After that the "VMSG" author would only share his source with me and one other person.

vmsg email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmsg
vnet email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet
cjntel email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#cjntel

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 29 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
more than you every wanted to know, Online Computer Conferencing

TYMSHARE & mainframe online computer conferencing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare
Started offerring its CMS-based online computer conferencing free to mainframe, user group, SHARE in Aug1976, vmshare archive at Marist
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
sometimes(?) "404" ... but also at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20150912012745/http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

I cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly "tape-dump", copy of all VMSHARE (later PCSHARE) files for putting up on the internal network (larger than ARPANET/Internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). One of the biggest problems I faced was corporate lawyers that were afraid that IBM employees would be contaminated by exposure to customer information. Related old VMSHARE email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vmshare

Note coworker at Cambridge science center was responsible for RSCS/VNET technology used for the internal network. RSCS/VNET was also later used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET (also for a time larger than ARPANET/Internet).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
another former coworker at Cambridge (on sabbatical from Grenoble science center) was then responsible for putting together EARN (BITNET in Europe)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_and_Research_Network
... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

In the late 70s and early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. One of the outcomes was an officially developed application/tool and "officially" sanctioned discussion groups. At EARN in 1986, (a subset of the internal tool) was developed in Paris, a mailing list based online computer conferencing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV
The descendant of that product has been ported to lots of other platforms
http://lsoft.com/products/listserv_os.asp

Google Groups includes gateways for many mailing list discussions, this is a still active BITNET group from the mid-80s
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bit.listserv.ibm-main

the Google group copy shows everything sent to the mailing list, however if somebody posts to the Google group copy, it only shows up at Google (a copy isn't sent to the mailing list).

Listserv (& clones) typically provide a number of options,
http://www.lsoft.com/manuals/1.8d/user/user.html
including being able to receive each individual post as separate email or receiving periodic "digests" (all individual posts as single digest email) as well as webserver that has online archive of all posts.

The "facebook-like" GOOGLE+ goes away in a few days, 2April2019.
https://support.google.com/plus/answer/9217723?hl=en

online computer conferencing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#interenalnet
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 29 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing

remember in the wake of Future System implosion, the head of POK went to Corporate and convinced them to kill the VM/370 product, shutdown the burlington mall development group, move all the people to POK to be part of MVS/XA development ... or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time. They were planning on not telling the Burlington people of the shutdown/move until just before the shutdown (to minimize the number of people that might escape). The information about the shutdown manage to leak early ... and lots of people manage to escape (DEC VMS was just starting and there is joke that the head of POK was one of the biggest contributors to DEC VMS). There was then a witchhunt to find out who leaked the information ... fortunately for me, nobody gave up the leaker.

Endicott managed to save the VM370 product mission ... but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. There is quite a bit of comments about the VM370 code quality during this period in VMSHARE ... some about online computer conferencing and VMSHARE in this recent IBM Retirees post
https://www.facebook.com/groups/62822320855/permalink/10156875894775856/

Also during this period, Amdahl had a tshirt with a vulture on the front that said "VM/SP1 is waiting for you" ... all the problems that Endicott had building a brand new development group from scratch.

The other problem in this time-frame was the next new processor model was 3081 which was going to be multiprocessor only. The problem was that ACP/TPF support was still single/uni processor only (didn't have multiprocessort support). The clone makers were still coming out with newer single processor machines ... and IBM had concern that possibly the whole ACP/TPF market would move to non-IBM mainframes. To try and block this, there was some extremely unnatural things done to VM/SP1 to make ACP/TPF running in single virtual machine ... run faster on 3081 multirpocessor ... which had the unfortunate downside of significantly cutting throughput for all other vm/370 customers (contributing to Amdahl vm/sp1 "vulture" tshirt).

Eventually IBM did start shipping a single processor 3083 ... 3081 with one of the processors removed ... but VMSP1 still continued to suffer from the changes for ACP/TPF.

I would get called into various customer situations ... this is an email about customers still suffering from the ACP/TPF changes ... this particular large government agency which had numerous virtual machine based online systems back to CP67 in the 60s ... IBM was doing some things that involved 3270 activity (and other things) to mask the degradation of the ACP/TPF changes ... however this particular customer was primarily 1200 baud ASCII terminals ... from long ago and far away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420

including fixes brought forward from CP67 (remember VM/370 starting out significantly changing from CP67, dropping and/or simplifying lots of features).

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

posts mentioning amdahl vm/sp1 vulture tshirt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#11 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#14 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#44 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

some recent posts mentioning 3083
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#74 Lineage of TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#81 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#82 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130 3380 & 3081 history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 29 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing

In HSDT project we were having some hardware built on the other side of the Pacific, in 1986 ... Friday just before going to visit some ... somebody from communication group in Raleigh, sent out announcement for new FORUM with the following definitions


low-speed       <9.6kbits
medium-speed    19.2kbits
high-speed      56kbits
very high-speed 1.5mbits

The following Monday on the wall of conference room on the other side of the Pacific

low-speed       <20mbits
medium-speed    100mbits
high-speed      200-300mbits
very high-speed >600mbits

there is caustic tome by somebody that use to be in the branch office ... included section about a very large scale SNA customer ... had a lot of controllers on shop floors that they wanted to upgrade from leased to dial lines ... which required a new controller software release, which then required a new NCP release, which then required a new VTAM release, which then required a new MVS release ... and when some problem occurred in (unrelated) part of this sequence, they had to back it out and start all over.

Big HSDT problem inside IBM was requirement that all links had to be encrypted ... 56kbit, but T1 (1.5mbit) were hard to find and I really hated what I had to pay for them and faster speed were impossible to find. I then get involved with strong crypto, support up to 3mbyte for less than $100. The corporate crypto group 1st claimed that it significantly weakened crypto standard. It took 3months to figure how to explain to them that it was much stronger than the crypto standard. It was hollow victory, I was told I could build as many as I wanted, but there was only one user that could use such crypto ... all units had to be sent to location in Maryland. It was when I realized there are three kinds of crypto in the world 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do and 3) the kind you can only do for them

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

posts mentioning three kinds crypto
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#87 New test attempt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#86 Own a piece of the crypto wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#32 Getting Out Hard Drive in Real Old Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#27 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#43 Internet Evolution - Part I: Encryption basics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#20 TELSTAR satellite experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#60 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#0 We list every company in the world that has a mainframe computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#63 ARPANET's coming out party: when the Internet first took center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#85 Key Escrow from a Safe Distance: Looking back at the Clipper Chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#63 Reject gmail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#70 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#47 T-carrier
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#31 The Vindication of Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#69 The failure of cyber defence - the mindset is against it
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#77 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#10 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#50 Secret contract tied NSA and security industry pioneer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#9 NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#7 Last Gasp for Hard Disk Drives
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#25 Is there any MF shop using AWS service?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#27 TCP/IP Might Have Been Secure From the Start If Not For the NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#54 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#77 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#85 On a lighter note, even the Holograms are demonstrating
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#2 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#39 GM to offer teen driver tracking to parents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#3 PROFS & GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#101 Internal Network, NSFNET, Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#31 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#106 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#44 More on Mannix and the computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#58 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#35 Eliminating the systems programmer was Re: IBM cuts contractor billing by 15 percent (our else)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#91 IBM Mainframe Ushers in New Era of Data Protection
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#10 Landline telephone service Disappearing in 20 States
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#33 Online History

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 29 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing

Other trivia: after transfer to SJR, they use to let me wander around IBM and customer locations in Silicon Valley (incluing giving talks at the SLAC monthly BAYBUNCH meetings). Over in disk engineer bldg. 14, they had lots of mainframes running prescheduled 7x24 stand-alone time, for dasd/controller development testing. They had tried MVS to try and get some concurrent testing ... but MVS in that environment had 15min MTBF (requiring manual re-ipl). I offerred to rewrite input/output supervisor to make it bullet proof and never fail ... enabling any amount of on-demand, concurrent testing significantly improving productivity. I did a internal only document about the changes and happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brings down the wrath of the MVS group on my head. They initially tried to get me separated from the IBM company, when that fails, they make things unpleasant in other ways. With 3880 getting ready to ship, FE has regression test of 57 expected problems, in all cases MVS is still failing (requiring manual reboot) and in 2/3rds of the cases there is no indication of what caused the failure. from long ago and far away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

getting to play disk engineer in bldg14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

for other trivia about failure of Future System ... and mad rush to use warmed over FS technology for the 3033 and 3081
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

a little humor ... the TLA gov agency mentioned above ... was very active in SHARE (as well as VMSHARE discussion groups) and chose as its 3-letter SHARE installation code "CAD" (supposedly for "cloak and dagger") ... CAD shows up in some number of VMSHARE posts.

vmshare archive at Marist
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare
sometimes(?) "404" ... but also at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20150912012745/http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

23June1969 unbundling announcement started to charge for (application) software, SE services, maint., etc (but they managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free). Part of the politics during FS period (completely different from 370 & replace all 370) was shutting down 370 efforts. The lack of 370 products during this period is credited with giving clone mainframe makers, market foothold. With death of FS, there is mad rush to get 370 products back into product pipeline.

unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

I continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during this period and periodically ridicule FS activity (which wasn't exactly career enhancing) ... one of my hobbies was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters. With the death of FS and the rise of clone market, there is decision to start charging for kernel software. The "rush" also contributed to decision to package some of my stuff for product release as "Resource Manager" and be the guinea pig to start charging for kernel software. As part of final work for release, do 2000 selected stress & performance benchmarks to validate operation, that takes 3months elapsed time. At the time, VM was doing monthly ("PLC") fix/function customer distributions. They asked me to update "Resource Manager" with latest PLC on the same monthly schedule. I counter that I'm only doing this in my spare time (along with product documentation & level 2&3 support) and I wouldn't ship on new PLC w/o at least a couple hundred validation/regression benchmark/tests ... which I wouldn't be able to do more than once every three months, benchmarking posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#benchmark

I came to realize, IBM wasn't really prepared to do that degree of quality assurance.

some of resource manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 30 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#24 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing

We use to joke that CMS had 64kbyte of code for OS/360 simulation .... compared to MVS 8mbytes of code for OS/360 simulation. The start of the rage for moving applications out of the datacenter to VM/4341s in departmental areas, found that there was a few large complex MVS applications that required another 12kbytes of OS/360 simulation code to get running in CMS.

Part of the issue was the rapidly decreasing space that applications had under MVS. MVS started out with 16mbyte virtual address space for each application, but reduced to 8mbytes with an image of MVS occupying every application address space. Then it was further reduced to 7mbytes because there was the 1mbyte common segment area (for passing parameters and results between applications and subsystems, which were in their own separate virtual address space). However, the 1mbyte common segment area quickly exceeds 1mbyte and becomes common system area (effectively proportional to number of concurrent applications and subsystems) and 5-6mbytes for large 3033 installation (leaving only 2-3mbytes for applications) ... and some CSAs threatening to become 8mbytes (leaving zero bytes for applications).

Under CMS was still able to get 16mbytes minus 196kbytes (and maybe the extra 12kbytes of additional OS/360 simulation).

some recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#61 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#40 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#71 A Computer That Never Was: the IBM 7095
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#106 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

"virtual storage constraint relief", still going strong even after move to 31bit

Improving Performance for Sequential Data Sets
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.1.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r1.idai600/stripe.htm
IBM PM34323: VIRTUAL STORAGE CONSTRAINT RELIEF IN SUBPOOL 247
http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg1PM34323

... even 64bit

Virtual storage constraint relief
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSGMCP_5.1.0/com.ibm.cics.ts.intercommunication.doc/topics/dfht1c0023.html

little topic drift (from mention of BSAM, QSAM, 3390, ESCON): 1980, STL was bursting at the seams and was moving 300people from IMS group to off-site bldg with service back to the STL datacenter. They had tried "remote" 3270s and found the human factors totally unacceptable. I get con'ed into doing channel extender support allowing local channel attached 3270 controllers at the offsite bldg (and the group weren't able to tell the difference between service in STL and at offsite bldg. Hardware vendor then wants IBM to let them release my software to market. However there is group in POK that are playing with some serial stuff and were afraid that if my stuff was in the market, it might make it harder to ship what they were doing ... and get it vetoed.

channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

1988, I'm asked to help LLNL (national lab) get some serial stuff they are playing with standardized. It quickly becomes Fibre Channel Standard (including some stuff that I had done in 1980). Finally in 1990, the POK people get their stuff released with ES/9000 as ESCON, when it is already obsolete.

Later, some of the POK people get involved with FCS and define a heavy weight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput, which finally gets released as FICON. Latest published numbers for FICON "peak I/O" benchmark was for z196 using 104 FICONs to get 2M IOPS. At that time there was a FCS announced for E5-2600 blades claiming over million IOPS, two such FCS getting higher throughput than 104 FICONS (running over 104 FCS).

FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

other trivia: CKD DASD still required by OS/360 descendants, even though no real CKD has been made for decades, being simulated on industry standard "fixed-block" disks. I had offerred FBA support circa 1980, I was told that even if I provided fully integrated and tested FBA support for MVS, I would still need a $26M incremental revenue to cover documentation and training (say $200M-$300M in incremental sales); however since IBM was already selling every disk that it could be made, adding FBA support would just be shifting CKD to same amount of FBA.

DASD&FBA posts
http://www.garrlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

logo on 3270 screens at offsite bldg
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/vmhyper.jpg

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Date: 30 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#57 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#59 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

other recent post mentioning SEQUOIA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#14 Tandem Memo

There was growing problem at HONE. HONE VM systems, after login, would automatilly place branch people in APL running "SEQUOIA" (a large APL application that provided a tailored branch office sales&marketing support interactive environment). Starting in late 70s, started getting a series of branch managers promoted to hdqtrs executive over HONE ... and they were horrified to find that HONE was VM-based systems (so successful that HONE was at masking the underlying system). They felt that they could make their career in IBM by converting HONE to MVS-based systems. Nearly all HONE resources would be assigned to the conversion, after 9-12 months they would be found to not be possible, declared a success, the executive promoted and replaced with another newly promoted branch manager and the process would be repeated.

Towards the middle of the 80s, those forces started blaming me for not being able to migrate to MVS ... because I was providing HONE with so many enhancements. They then started leaning on HONE about how could they justify running my enhanced operating systems; what would they do if I was hit by bus, etc.

HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

specific posts mentioning converting HONE to MVS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#18 IBMLink 2000 Finding ESO levels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#61 JCL CROSS-REFERENCE Utilities (OT for Paul, Rick, and Shmuel)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#44 Data Areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#73 OT: A&P supermarket bankruptcy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#51 The ICL 2900

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Online Computer Conferencing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Online Computer Conferencing
Date: 31 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
re: quality assurance reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#25 Online Computer Conferencing
earlier in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#23 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#24 Online Computer Conferencing

Cambridge Science Center did activity monitor for CP67 and collected years of CP67 data, first on cambridge system and then from many of the other internal datacenters running CP67, and then ported to VM370 and continued to collect data. Cambridge had several performance activity ... one was profiling all the activity data for configuations and workload ... which evolves into "capacity planning". Along with this was an APL analytical system performance model ... a version of this was made availble on HONE as the performance predictor; branch people could input customer configuration and workload information and then ask "what-if" questions about configuration and/or workload changes.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

As part of my dynamic adaptive resource manager (done originally as undergraduate in the 60s), created automatic benchmarks with synthetic workload that could be tailored to emulate configuration and workload profiles (originally did autolog command as part of driving the automatic benchmark procedures, automatically booting and kicking off different benchmarks). The early porting of a lot of new and/or stuff dropped in the morph from CP67 to VM370 ... the heavy workload & stress workload benchmarks were guaranteed to crash VM370 ... so one of the earliest things needed from CP67 to VM370 was the CP67 kernel serialization mechanism (in part eliminated problem where logoff completes while there is still activity for that user going on). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

dynamic adaptive resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

also fixed hung/zombies .... some old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#0 360/67, was Re: IBM's Project F/S ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#2 Schedulers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#1 pathlengths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/97.html#15 OSes commerical, history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#198 Life-Advancing Work of Timothy Berners-Lee

some recent posts mentioning performance predictor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#36 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#54 CMS\APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#109 Bimodal Distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#5 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#27 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#68 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#103 why VM, was thrashing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#109 It's 1983: What computer would you buy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Science Center

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Science Center
Date: 31 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
Note that one of the earliest uses of VNET/RSCS (used for the internal network and then later corporate sponsored university BITNET) as distributed development project between Cambridge and Endicott to provide 370 virtual machines (including virtual memory operation) under CP67 running on real 360/67 (virtual machine operation simulated to 370 architecture specification). Eventually there was "CP67L" running on the real 360/67 (production operating system that I did for internal datacenters), modifications for "CP67H" running in a 360/67 virtual machine but adding option for 370 virtual machines, and modifications fo "CP67I" that ran in 370 virtual machine. CP67I was in reqular operation a year before the first real engineering 370 (145) with virtual memory was operation (in fact booting CP67I on that machine was part of original validation). The necessity of running CP67H in virtual machine was to "wall-off" any 370 virtual memory information leaking to non-IBM users (cambridge CP/67 provided access to staff, professors and students from some Boston/Cambridge area universities).

Later "CP67I" was in regular production use on lots of internal 370s (before and even after VM370 was available). Along the way some San Jose engineers added 3330 and 2305 device support to CP67I which becomes "CP67SJ". Part of CP67I/CP67H/CP67I effort was the original development of the CMS multi-level source update process.

CMS multi-level source update trivia; Melinda (part of her computer history tome), contacted me in the mid-80s about did I have copy of the original implementation. I had a bunch of tapes from CSC in the 70s, including triple-redundant backup of lots of early source and was able to pull off the original implementation and send to her. The bad news was they were all in the Almaden Research datacenter tape library, the good news was the request came just before Almaden had a datacenter problem where random tapes were being mounted as scratch (and I lost a dozen tapes, including triple-replicated backup). from long ago and far away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850906
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email850908
other Melinda email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email850607
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#email860111
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.htmL#email860217
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860407
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860820
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email861016
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email861016b

Melinda's History pages at PUCC gone 404, but live on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20010124044900/http://pucc.princeton.edu/~melinda/
also here (scroll down), includes the Kindle versions I provided
http://www.leeandmelindavarian.com/Melinda/

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

posts mentioning Almaden mounting random tapes as scratch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#66 Evolution of Floating Point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#17 old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#65 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#19 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#45 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#89 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#62 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#22 The Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#82 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#9 IBM ad for Basic Operating System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#59 write rings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#28 System/360 celebration set for ten cities; 1964 pricing for oneweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#98 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#88 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#76 git, z/OS and COBOL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#18 IBM Profs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#65 System recovered from Princeton/Melinda backup/archive tapes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#86 History of Virtualization

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
Date: 31 Mar 2019
Blog: Facebook
How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://churchandstate.org.uk/2016/03/how-corporate-america-invented-christian-america-to-fight-the-new-deal/

other accounts, 5000 industrialists have convention at NYC Waldorf-Astoria and because they got such a bad reputation for the depression and supporting Nazi Germany, they approve a major propaganda campaign to equate capitalism with Christianity
https://www.amazon.com/One-Nation-Under-God-Corporate-ebook/dp/B00PWX7R56/

Earlier, June1940, Germany had a victory celebration at the NYC Waldorf-Astoria with major industrialists. Lots of them were there to hear how to do business with the Nazis
https://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative-ebook/dp/B00V9QVE5O/

and earlier still, John Foster Dulles plays major role in rebuilding Germany's economy, industry and military 20s thru early 40s. The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War,
https://www.amazon.com/Brothers-Foster-Dulles-Allen-Secret-ebook/dp/B00BY5QX1K/
loc905-7:
Foster was stunned by his brother's suggestion that Sullivan & Cromwell quit Germany. Many of his clients with interests there, including not just banks but corporations like Standard Oil and General Electric, wished Sullivan & Cromwell to remain active regardless of political conditions.

loc938-40:
At least one other senior partner at Sullivan & Cromwell, Eustace Seligman, was equally disturbed. In October 1939, six weeks after the Nazi invasion of Poland, he took the extraordinary step of sending Foster a formal memorandum disavowing what his old friend was saying about Nazism
... snip ...

From the law of unintended consequences; 1943 US Strategic Bombing Program, they need German industrial and military targets and coordinates, they got the information and plans from wallstreet.

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#63 One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#91 Godwin's Law should force us to remember & fear our shared heritage with Nazi Germany
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#55 Should America Have Entered World War I?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#23 Ironic old "fortune"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#60 The Illusion Of Victory: America In World War I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#69 The knives are out for Trump's national security adviser H.R. McMaster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#18 5 Naval Battles That Changed History Forever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#41 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#99 The Real Reason You Should See Dunkirk: Hitler Lost World War II There
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#97 Business as Usual: The Long History of Corporate Personhood
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#98 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#102 75 years ago, Hitler invaded Poland. Here's how it happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#35 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#31 The U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#8 The First World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#13 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#109 The Man From Sullivan & Cromwell
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#45 More Guns Do Not Stop More Crimes, Evidence Shows
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#60 Revealed - the capitalist network that runs the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#72 Doubts about the HR departments that require knowledge of technology that does not exist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#67 IBM's Chief Executive's Message to Shareholders 75 Years Ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#61 How American Racism Influenced Hitler; Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#33 old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#70 meanwhile in eastern Asia^WEurope, was tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#77 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017; The ratio of CEO-to-worker compensation grew to 312-to-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#50 More Americans Supported Hitler Than You May Think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#43 Billionaire warlords: Why the future is medieval
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
Date: 01 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#57 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#59 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#26 This Paper Map Shows The Extent Of The Entire Internet In 1973

from long ago and far away
Date: 23 August 1984, 19:29:56 EDT To: NETMAP Statistics Distribution

Hi -

I found an error in the statistics program and am resending the NETMAP CITIES and NETMAP STATES to you.

When I computed nodes as a function of cities, I assumed all the city names were unique. With RSCHCHNG UPDT103, this is no longer true, as we now have a San Jose, Costa Rica!

The new NETMAP CITIES file now identifies each city by its state/country.

Another interesting statistic: We now have 1499 nodes. Since we had node 1000 in 4/83, the network is growing at almost 30 nodes/month!

... snip ... top of post, old email index

note starting with runup to 1000 nodes in 1983, and continued big node number increases in 1984 was the huge explosion in number of VM/4341 systems. more from long ago and far away
Date: MON, 03/23/87 07:35:57 PST From: wheeler

re: vnet historical;

Ed Hendricks architected and designed the system and implemented it along with Tim Hartmann. Because it was a distributed control system, it didn't require any central control point/organization. By the time corporate started taking serious notice of it, network was over 750 nodes.

To reach 750 nodes, w/o company support, and in fact with a great deal of company opposition was truly remarkable. It was a fluke that VNET was even announced for customers. At about the same time VNET was up and running internally, JES2 was working on NJI/NJE and the company had no intention of announcing VNET. However, also the company had switched to charging for software. Unfortunately, the JES2 group had done their development in the old environment, and nobody was able to come up with a forecast/pricing ratio for NJI that would cover the development costs. So the JES2 group worked a deal with Ed & Tim, if Ed/Tim would write a NJI line-driver and allow the JES2 group to combine the VNET forecast (in theory considerable) and the VNET development costs (compared to the JES2 costs, negligible) with the JES2 project (for a combined product announcement), the JES2 group would see to it that VNET got announced. Adding the VNET development costs to the JES2 development costs made very little change in the overall number, but dividing the JES2 development costs by the combined JES2+VNET forecast resulted in getting the price down to $600/month (at a point where forecasting predicted that customers would order it). By comparison the price for a VNET-only product was very close to the floor of the cost to make & ship the PID tape ... however it was a non-strategic product (VNET) on a non-strategic system (VM), which would have met that it would have never gotten announced.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

JES2 had several other problems, the original code still had letters "TUCC" in cols68-71 for customer that originally did the HASP implementation. They used available slots in the HASP 255-entry psuedo device table ... usually somewhere around 160-180 ... it wasn't until after the internal network had passed 1000 nodes, that JES2 support was upgraded to 999 node support. JES2 would trash traffic it didn't have an entry for either the destination or the origin ... so had to be relegated to boundary nodes, couldn't be trusted to do store&forward since it might only have 15-20% of network nodes defined. Another problem was the JES2 networking header information was intermixed with standard job control fields ... and traffic between JES2 systems at different release levels had nasty habit of crashing both JES2&MVS. The eventual solution was a special VNET driver to help JES2 ... which implemented canonical format for JES2 headers with special code to force the correct format for the release level of the JES2 on the other end of the immediate link ... aka not only move MVS/JES2 systems to boundary nodes, but also make sure they were fronted by VNET system with special reformatting driver (to keep JES2/MVS from crashing).

There was a notorious case of new JES2 system in San Jose that started crashing JES2/MVS systems in Hursley ... and Hursley blamed it on the Hursley VNET support (for not having an updated VNET JES2 driver to handle the latest header format change from San Jose JES2 systems ... preventing the JES2/MVS crashes).

another from the annals of "how we put it together" tome ... tight integration and synchronization that doesn't scale and starts to fall apart with tens (even before getting to thousands) of distributed units around the world.

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
old archived VNET email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#vnet
HASP, JES, NJI/NJE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
Date: 01 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal

possibly with little help from brain damage.

Biological and cognitive underpinnings of religious fundamentalism
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500821/
A link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism has now been established by scientists
https://www.salon.com/2019/01/08/a-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism-has-now-been-established-by-scientists_partner/
Scientists have established a link between brain damage and religious fundamentalism
https://www.patheos.com/blogs/tippling/2019/01/14/scientists-have-established-a-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism-among-vietnam-vets/
Brain damage is linked to religious extremism
https://nypost.com/2017/05/08/brain-damage-is-linked-to-religious-extremism/
Neurologists Have Identified Brain Lesions That Could Be Linked to Religious Fundamentalism
https://www.sciencealert.com/damage-to-a-specific-part-of-the-brain-could-result-in-religious-fundamentalism
Study Finds Link Between Brain Damage and Religious Fundamentalism
https://bigthink.com/paul-ratner/study-finds-link-between-brain-damage-and-religious-fundamentalism
Study uncovers how brain damage increases religious fundamentalism
https://www.psypost.org/2017/05/study-uncovers-brain-lesions-increase-religious-fundamentalism-48860
How Religious Fundamentalism Hijacks the Brain
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mind-in-the-machine/201810/how-religious-fundamentalism-hijacks-the-brain
Suffering a brain injury can make you more religious, scientists say
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/suffering-brain-injury-lesion-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-religious-beliefs-northwestern-a7722946.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
Date: 02 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century; Failure at the center has left the United States up for sale to the highest bidder.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/04/02/the-american-empire-is-the-sick-man-of-the-21st-century/

How Congress gained reputation as most corrupt institution on earth

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, recent post
https://www.amazon.com/History-Decline-Fall-Roman-Empire-ebook/dp/B01H23KONK/
loc2186-88:
Public Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus By The Praetorian Guards

loc2246-49:
Sulpicianus had already promised a donative of five thousand drachms (above one hundred and sixty pounds) to each soldier; when Julian, eager for the prize, rose at once to the sum of six thousand two hundred and fifty drachms, or upwards of two hundred pounds sterling. The gates of the camp were instantly thrown open to the purchaser; he was declared emperor, and received an oath of allegiance from the soldiers, who retained humanity enough to stipulate that he should pardon and forget the competition of Sulpicianus.
... snip ...

recent post with reference about political loyalty valued above all else (The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies)
https://www.facebook.com/notes/lynn-wheeler/the-rise-of-leninist-personnel-policies/10217373477344531/

The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government
https://www.amazon.com/Deep-State-Constitution-Shadow-Government-ebook/dp/B00W2ZKIQM/
pg190/loc3054-55:
In early 2001, just before George W. Bush's inauguration, the Heritage Foundation produced a policy document designed to help the incoming administration choose personnel

pg191/loc3057-58:
In this document the authors stated the following: "The Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP) must make appointment decisions based on loyalty first and expertise second,"

pg191/loc3060-62:
Americans have paid a high price for our Leninist personnel policies, and not only in domestic matters. In important national security concerns such as staffing the Coalition Provisional Authority, a sort of viceroyalty to administer Iraq until a real Iraqi government could be formed, the same guiding principle of loyalty before competence applied.
... snip ...

and "Family of Secrets" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#71 Family of Secrets

Boyd reference: Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
https://www.amazon.com/Boyd-Fighter-Pilot-Who-Changed-ebook/dp/B000FA5UEG/
pg281/loc4905-6:
He stalked the office, staring at his underlings, then suddenly walking up to them, sticking a bony finger into their chest, and saying things such as, "If your boss demands loyalty, give him integrity. But if he demands integrity, then give him loyalty."
... snip ....

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other related recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#34 The Rise of Leninist Personnel Policies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#45 Jeffrey Skilling, Former Enron Chief, Released After 12 Years in Prison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#48 Iran Payments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#82 The Sublime: Is it the same for IBM and Special Ops?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#17 How Iran Won Our Iraq War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal

lots of past posts mentioning congress as the most corrupt institution on earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#40 F.B.I. Faces New Setback in Computer Overhaul
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#88 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#36 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#69 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#73 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#53 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#64 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#18 What Uncle Warren doesn't mention
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#68 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#20 Million Corporation march on Washington
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#66 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#137 The High Cost of Failing Artificial Hips
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#0 Happy Challenger Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#58 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#17 Let the IRS Do Your Taxes, Really
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#61 Zakaria: by itself, Buffett rule is good
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#27 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#61 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#41 Lawmakers reworked financial portfolios after talks with Fed, Treasury officials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#86 Should the IBM approach be given a chance to fix the health care system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#55 CALCULATORS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#36 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#35 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#87 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#69 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#80 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#81 Ireland feels the heat from Apple tax row
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#25 'Big four' accountants 'use knowledge of Treasury to help rich avoid tax'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#78 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#50 Broadband pricing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#81 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#3 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#1 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#53 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#48 Protecting Social Security from the Thieves in the Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#80 Corruption Is as Bad in the US as in Developing Countries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#22 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#32 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#41 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#55 Congress, most corrupt institution on earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#76 GLBA & Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#103 Minimum Wage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#7 Malicious Cyber Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#37 New phone scams
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#2 Single Payer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#4 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#77 U.S. Corporate Tax Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#17 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#12 Companies buying back their own shares is the only thing keeping the stock market afloat right now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#86 Trump's tax law threatens charities. The poor will pay

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Meet the 'rented white coats' who defend toxic chemicals

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Meet the 'rented white coats' who defend toxic chemicals
Date: 02 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Meet the 'rented white coats' who defend toxic chemicals
https://publicintegrity.org/environment/meet-the-rented-white-coats-who-defend-toxic-chemicals/

Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming (science for hire)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
http://www.economist.com/node/16374460

merchant of doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchant.of.doubt

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
Date: 02 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
https://hbr.org/2018/11/why-many-model-thinkers-make-better-decisions

Boyd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
and OODA-loop related
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

In briefings, Boyd would talk about observing from every possible facet (as countermeasure to orientation/confirmation bias).

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

John Boyd on Clausewitz: Don't Fall in Love with Your Mental Model
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2018/3/22/john-boyd-on-clausewitz-dont-fall-in-love-with-your-mental-model
A New Concept of War, John Boyd, the U.S. Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other refs:
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm --
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Edward Snowden

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Edward Snowden
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 02 Apr 2019 20:01:30 -0700
Dave Garland <dave.garland@wizinfo.com> writes:
Snowden != Wikileaks, and it's not clear he has much influence over them. He's in Russia now (stuck there because the US voided his passport), but the Russians aren't stupid enough to give him access to _their_ classified documents.

AMEX & KKR were in competition for private-equity take-over of RJR, KKR wins, but then runs into trouble and hires away amex president to help with RJR. IBM has gone into the red and hires former AMEX preside to "resurrect" IBM (which was be reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company) ... using some of the same techniques used for RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

Former AMEX president then leaves and becomes head of another large private-equity company ... which acquires the company that will employ Snowden. Gov. agencies can't lobby congress, and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but PE owners seem to not be under any such restriction and hire prominent politicians to lobby congress about outsourcing to the companies they own (enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing after the turn of the centry.
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster.
... snip ...

more about PE owned company that employs Snowden, also just intelligence, 70% of budget and half the people outsourced
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
Just this week, the NSA director testified that the agency would be implementing a "buddy system" requiring two authorizations for the download of classified information onto portable media.
... snip ...

PE gov outsurcing helping accelerate the rapid spreading success of failure culture, aka lots more outsourcing profit from series of failures.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

companies in the private-equity mill are under intense pressure to cut corners to push money up to their PE owners (also have to service the enormous LBO debt load) ... outsourcing security clearances to PE-owned companies were found to be doing the paperwork but not doing actual the background checks. companies involved in the PE mill account for half corporate defaults, whats funny is that it doesn't seem to affect the credit rating of the (PE) companies that take out the original loan.

Note that "buddy system" (or "pairs of eyeballs") was common in high security, finance and gov. at least sometime before the 80s as countermeasure to insider threats (in fact, in 80s started to see countermeasures to collusion in multi-party operation countermeasures to insider threats) ... at the time of the above "buddy" item, I took the opportunity to ask if previous long-time "buddy system" had fallen victim to cost-cutting by PE-owned company.

In the 90s, I had done security walkthru-audit of silicon fab that specialized in financial transaction chips ... and all high integrity operations required (at least) "pairs of eyeballs".

also from "Spies like US":
Whether you view Snowden as a hero or a traitor, he clearly took advantage of institutional security gaps that extend way beyond Booz Allen.
... snip ...

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
gerstner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions
Date: 02 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#34 Why "Many-Model Thinkers" Make Better Decisions

and periodically reposted:

Boyd had coup d'oeil and fingerspitzengefuhl with intuition and instinct ... plausibly 1846 Halleck
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B002RKSO9K/
loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.
... snip ...

So "see, decide, act" implied only single act and lacked the concept of a "mental map" (mental model) which might be static. Boyd needed to impart continuous operation and also address confirmation/observation bias from a static "mental map"; needed it to be dynamically updated. So get OODA-loop ... where "see" becomes observation and "orientation" (mental map, learning, knowledge) is added to decide and act. Problem is still not sufficient; in briefings he would say that needed to constantly observe from every possible facet (to constantly update "orientation", countermeasure to static "mental map" and confirmation/observation/orientation/etc bias). Also for many people "loop" implies sequential, step-by-step and what he really needed was something that implied not only continuous operation but all parts running simultaneously and asynchronously.

Boyd posts and WWW URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

Halleck specific posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#63 Difference between fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#14 Fast OODA-Loops increase Maneuverability
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#47 The rise and fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#52 Boyd's OODA-loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#35 OFF TOPIC: University of California, Irvine, revokes 500 admissions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#24 The Ultimate Guide to the OODA-Loop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#50 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#55 Bureaucracy and Agile

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead.
Date: 03 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead.
https://publicintegrity.org/state-politics/copy-paste-legislate/you-elected-them-to-write-new-laws-theyre-letting-corporations-do-it-instead/

After the economic mess, there was no effort to do anything about it ... but possibly public image weighed in and they had to look like they were doing something ... getting Dodd-Frank effort ; note #1 on times list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html
Dodd is a "Friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_(FOA)_VIP_program
Age of Greed
https://www.amazon.com/Age-Greed-Triumph-Finance-Decline-ebook/dp/B004DEPF6I/
pg 370:
In addition, the Justice Department was now investigating reduced rate mortgages Mozilo allegedly sold to Senators Chris Dodd of Connecticut and Kent Conrad of North Dakota, as well as two former heads of Fannie Mae, Jim Johnson and Franklin Raines. They were known as "Friends of Angelo."
... snip ...

For Dodd-Frank, industry lobbyists were providing drafts to be included in Dodd-Frank, some basic principles were to make it massive and complex, creating impossible task for regulatory bodies to turn into regulations. However other lobbyist drafts were submitted for Dodd-Frank, leaked, and then industry would have press releases how ridiculous the draft provisions were (part of "false flag" program discrediting the process)

Bank Lobbyists Writing the Rules for Wall Street (gone 404, but lives on at waybank machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180317171543/http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
Banks' Lobbyists Help in Drafting Financial Bills
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/

more recent, Democrats Add Momentum to G.O.P. Push to Loosen Banking Rules
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/15/us/politics/democrats-banking-rules.html

In 1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Decade later, Jan. 2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings int the '29 crash) with lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill is totally buried under immense mountains of wallstreet cash). Also
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
pg 430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule, and the two set to work trying to counteract Dodd's efforts. The Merkley-Levin Amendment articulated Volcker's idea fully--and wrote it as law. No regulatory backsliding, once everything settled down.
... snip ...

"Confidence Men" also has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964
Date: 04 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964

About year after taking two semester hour introduction to computing/fortran class, I was hired fulltime to be responsible for IBM mainframe academic and administration production OS/360 system. Then before I graduate I'm hired fulltime into a small group in the Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computing Systems (consolidate all dataprocessing into an independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities).

Both the Boeing & IBM branch office people tell story about the IBM salesman for the Boeing account. At the 360 announcement, Boeing (who knows significantly more about 360 than the salesman) walks into the salesman office and makes a large 360 order. That year, the salesman is the highest paid IBMer. Next year IBM changes from straight commission to quota. By the end of January he has made the years quota with another large Boeing 360 order and his quota is "adjusted". He leaves IBM.

747#3 was flying skies of Seattle getting FAA flt certification. I thought Renton datacenter was possibly largest in the world, $200M-$300M (60s dollars) in 360 systems, 360/65s were arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly being staged in hallways around the machine room. There was disaster scenario where Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out the Renton datacenter, so there was plans to replicate Renton up at the new 747 plant at Paine field.

When I graduate, instead of staying at Boeing, I join the IBM science center at MIT.

Later in early 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. Boyd biographies has him in command of "spook base" about the same time I'm at Boeing, and claims "spook base" was $2.5B "wind fall" for IBM (ten times Renton).

"spook base" reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White
and (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

and lots of Boyd topic drift
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Boyd_(military_strategist)
and OODA-loop related
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
John Boyd on Clausewitz: Don't Fall in Love with Your Mental Model
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2018/3/22/john-boyd-on-clausewitz-dont-fall-in-love-with-your-mental-model
John Boyd's Art of War; Why our greatest military theorist only made colonel.
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/john-boyds-art-of-war/
Spinney tribute to John Boyd (for those with subscriptions)
http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/1997-07/genghis-john
lives free at
http://radio-weblogs.com/0107127/stories/2002/12/23/genghisJohnChuckSpinneysBioOfJohnBoyd.html
other refs:
https://www.amazon.com/Warfighting-Maneuver-Warfare-Marine-Corps/dp/1853671983
https://www.professionalmilitaryeducation.com/episode-eleven-john-boyd-maneuver-warfare-and-mcdp-1/
https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/40-years-of-the-fighter-mafia/
http://www.aviation-history.com/airmen/boyd.htm

more drift: A New Concept of War, John Boyd, the U.S. Marines, and Maneuver Warfare
https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/ANewConceptionOfWar.pdf?ver=2018-11-08-094859-167
#Reviewing A New Conception of War
https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2019/4/3/reviewing-a-new-conception-of-war
On the otherwise quiet Monday morning of March 6, 1989, a revolution occurred in the private office at the Commandant of the Marine Corps' home when General Al Gray affixed his signature to a document. Until that moment, the Marine Corps thought about warfare in terms of the firepower and attrition doctrine that had characterized its operations in World War II, Korea, and the worst parts of Vietnam. With the stroke of a pen, General Gray made maneuver warfare the official doctrine of the Marine Corps.
... snip ...

by the time Boyd passes, the USAF had pretty much disowned him and it was the Marines at Arlington and all his effects go to Quantico and we've continued to have Boyd-themed conferences at Marine Corps University ... and in the tributes to Marines in the lobby of Quantico Gray Research Library, there is one for Boyd. After he passes (and is much less of a threat), in 1999 USAF does dedicate Boyd Hall at Nellis.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
Date: 06 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Building the System/360 Mainframe Nearly Destroyed IBM
https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-history/silicon-revolution/building-the-system360-mainframe-nearly-destroyed-ibm

Recent post about Boeing orders made the salesman the highest paid IBM employee (they also said that was the motivation for the change from straight commission to quota the following year)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#38 Reminder over in linkedin, IBM Mainframe announce 7April1964

Account by (IBM) "father of ascii" that 360 was originally going to be ASCII ... but the ASCII unit record gear was late, so (temporarily) had to go with BCD ... but didn't realize the magnitude of the conversion; "The Biggest Computer Goof Ever" (gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/P-BIT.HTM

I was myself in charge of such "Logical Systems Standards" for IBM at e he time, and have written 20 papers about ASCII. One doesn't get the sobriquet "Father of ASCII" for nothing.

The culprit was T. Vincent Learson. The only thing for his defense is that he had no idea of what he had done. It was when he was an IBM Vice President, prior to tenure as Chairman of the Board, those lofty positions where you believe that, if you order it done, it actually will be done. I've mentioned this fiasco elsewhere.

... snip ...

more history
https://web.archive.org/web/20180513184025/http://www.bobbemer.com/HISTORY.HTM
BIO
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Bemer

past posts referencing Bemer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#26 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#27 Origins of EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#39 Mainframe Utility for EBCDIC to ASCII conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#41 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#63 CAPS Fantasia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#4 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#65 They've changed the keyboard layout _again_
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#9 Typewriter vs. Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#67 Wondering if I am really eligible for this group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#6 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#45 HP getting out of computer biz
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#23 computer bootlaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#5 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#45 CRLF in Unix being translated on Mainframe to x'25'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#55 "Geek" t-shirts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#100 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#52 M68k add to memory is not a mistake any more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#55 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#73 END OF FILE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#36 PDP-10 system calls, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#84 72 column cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#52 8-bit bytes and byte-addressed machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#56 Reduced Symbol Set Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#56 New HD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#72 One reason for monocase was Re: Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#14 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#61 32760?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#3 Ported Tools - Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#33 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#35 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#19 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#21 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#22 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#37 Subject Unicode
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#5 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#13 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#15 50 years of timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#63 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#52 Rather nice article on COBOL on Vulture Central
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#29 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#99 IBM architecture, was Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#4 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#6 Migration path for IBM 650 users?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#65 16-bit minis, was Floating point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#6 New Line vs. Line Feed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#47 ASCII vs. EBCDIC (was Re: On sort options ...)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#0 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#64 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#79 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#5 RFE? xlc compile option for C integers to be "Intel compat" or Little-Endian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#109 Online Terminals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#75 Nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#77 Nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#15 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#63 EBCDIC Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#42 SCP of file to USS from Mac is corrupted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#58 So much for THAT excuse | Computerworld SHARK TANK

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
Date: 07 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Has Privatization Benefitted the Public?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/04/has-privatization-benefitted-the-public.html
For example, following Russian voucher privatization and other Western recommended reforms, for which there was a limited domestic constituency then, within three years (1992-1994), the Russian economy had collapsed by half, and adult male life expectancy fell by six years. It was the greatest such recorded catastrophe in the last six millennia of recorded human history.
... snip ...

from the annals is Harvard responsible for the rise of Putin? after the fall of the soviet union, those sent over to teach capitalism were intent on looting the country. John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.
... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
https://web.archive.org/web/20160325154522/http://www.institutionalinvestor.com:80/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."
... snip ...

... note in 90s, Rubin was SECTREAS (had been former head of one of large wallstreet, GS) and was enlisted to help CITI get Glass-Steagall repealed, when that was underway, he resigned and joined CITI (referred to at the time as co-CEO). Rubin was replaced by his protegee and deputy SECTREAS Summers (who had specialized in dealing with Russia and later president of Harvard). After turn of century next administration had SECTREAS also formally head of same institution as Rubin ... current SECTREAS also from that same institution, joke was that treasury had become their branch office in DC (regardless of the administration or party). Another SECTREAS Rubin report at treasury was Geithner, who becomes head of NY FED after turn of century with oversight for Too Big To Fail during the economic mess and then became SECTREAS in previous administration.

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall (repeal) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Black's comment about SECTREAS Geithner's role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#1 Billions From Deutsche Bank Despite Trump's Bankruptcies, Defaults, and Financial Malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt

other recent Geithner posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#1 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#3 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#5 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#6 These Four Predicted The Global Financial Crisis; Here's What They Think Causes The Next One
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#56 Too Rich to Jail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capitalism Gone Wild

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Capitalism Gone Wild
Date: 07 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Capitalism Gone Wild
https://www.mauldineconomics.com/frontlinethoughts/capitalism-gone-wild/

Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_Maintenance_Organization_Act_of_1973
Written and pushed by Kaiser Permanente, it had the effect of allowing medical care services, which previously had been uniformly nonprofit, to be performed on a for-profit basis for the first time in the United States.
... snip ...

from law of checks & balance, "On War"
https://www.amazon.com/War-beautifully-reproduced-illustrated-introduction-ebook/dp/B00G3DFLY8
loc394-95:
As long as the Socialists only threatened capital they were not seriously interfered with, for the Government knew quite well that the undisputed sway of the employer was not for the ultimate good of the State.
... snip ...

the government needed general population standard of living sufficient that soldiers were willing to fight to preserve their way of life. Capitalists tendency was to reduce worker standard of living to the lowest possible ... below what the government needed for soldier motivation ... and therefor needed socialists as counterbalance to the capitalists in raising the general population standard of living.

Trivia: 1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Comment that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest few million, hype, IPO for few billion, should then fail, leaving the field clear for next round of IPOs) and were predicted to next get into securitized mortgages.

economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Then in Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29crash, resulted in criminal convictions with jailtime) with lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying that it wouldn't be needed after all (comments about enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill).

'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. Proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime (recently there has been suggestion that there has possibly been one).

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

lots of analysis they didn't correct the problems, still festering, from regulator involved in Keating & other S&L frauds
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_K._Black#Bill_Moyers_Journal_appearance
Black asserted that the banking crisis in the United States that started in late 2008 is essentially a big Ponzi scheme; that the "liar loans" and other financial tricks were essentially illegal frauds; and that the triple-A ratings given to these loans was part of a criminal cover-up. He said that the "Prompt Corrective Action Law" passed after the Savings and loan crisis mandated that ailing banks should be put into receivership. Black also stated that trying to hide how bad the situation is will simply prolong the problem, as happened in Japan and resulted in Japan's lost decade. Black stated that Timothy Geithner was engaged in a cover-up, and that the administration did not want people to understand what went wrong or how bad the banking situation was.
... snip ...

Private-equity has reputation for scorched earth, extracting everything possible, leaving little or nothing behind. Has been compared to house flipping but they transferred the 100% loan to bought companies, can even selloff for less than they paid and still walk away with boatloads of money. Half corporate defaults are companies savaged by PE, what is strange is that there is no credit hit to the PE operations that took out the original loan.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/05/business/economy/05simmons.html?_r=0

they moved into government contractors big time after the turn of the century ... hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource to their companies (agencies can't lobby congress, and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but PE companies appear to be under no such restrictions).
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
in gov. intelligence, 70% of budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
also heavily contributing to the rapidly spreading for-profit success of failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

then moving into health care .... Private equity is piling into health care
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2018/07/26/private-equity-is-piling-into-health-care

Companies in the private equity mill are under immense pressure to cut corners as part of pushing profits up to their PE owners as well as having to service the enormous debt load that they now have to deal with

Since then, they have been also aggressively moving into health care.

private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

some PE health care posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#60 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#17 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#48 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#58 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#105 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#106 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#107 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#108 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#18 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#42 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#30 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#64 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#77 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#65 A call for revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#110 The top 50 hospitals that gouge patients the most
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#34 free, huh, was Bitcoin confusion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#69 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#100 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#35 OT: Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#64 Mystery of the Underpaid American Worker
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#1 As a grocery chain is dismantled, investors recover their money. Worker pensions are short million

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Capitalism Gone Wild

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Capitalism Gone Wild
Date: 07 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#41 Capitalism Gone Wild

Potential Implications of Private Equity Investments in Health Care Delivery
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2727259
Much of the US health care system relies on private physician practices. Little is known about the role of private equity in today's health care delivery system. From 2010 to 2017, the value of private equity deals involving the acquisition of a health care-related company (most involving physician practices and hospitals) increased 187% and reached $42.6 billion, while the number of health care deals increased by 48% (eFigure in the Supplement).1 Given the increasing role of this type of financing, physicians and policy makers should understand private equity, common strategies used by its firms, and the potential risks and benefits for physicians and patients.
... snip ...

private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy
Date: 07 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Actually, the Electoral College Was a Pro-Slavery Ploy
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/06/opinion/electoral-college-slavery.html

the prorated number of representatives (and corresponding votes in Electoral College) for a state, included number of slaves

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power
https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Jefferson-Power-Jon-Meacham-ebook/dp/B0089EHKE8/
loc6065-69:
At issue was the advantage Jefferson and his fellow Southerners had in national elections because of the three-fifths clause, the constitutional provision that counted a slave as three-fifths of a person to establish the number of congressmen and presidential electors allocated to each state. 31 When Jefferson went on to win the presidency four years later, his Federalist critics would disparage him as the "Negro President" because of his dependence on the three-fifths clause.
... snip ....

Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty
https://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Origins-Prosperity-ebook/dp/B0058Z4NR8/
pg30/loc594-602:
The Constitution of the United States did not create a democracy by modern standards. Who could vote in elections was left up to the individual states to determine. While northern states quickly conceded the vote to all white men irrespective of how much income they earned or property they owned, southern states did so only gradually. No state enfranchised women or slaves, and as property and wealth restrictions were lifted on white men, racial franchises explicitly disenfranchising black men were introduced. Slavery, of course, was deemed constitutional when the Constitution of the United States was written in Philadelphia, and the most sordid negotiation concerned the division of the seats in the House of Representatives among the states. These were to be allocated on the basis of a state's population, but the congressional representatives of southern states then demanded that the slaves be counted. Northerners objected. The compromise was that in apportioning seats to the House of Representatives, a slave would count as three-fifths of a free person. The conflicts between the North and South of the United States were repressed during the constitutional process as the three-fifths rule and other compromises were worked out.
... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
Date: 08 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-06/banning-buybacks-would-crash-market-goldman-warns

buybacks have been propping up the market for long time ... note that buybacks use to be illegal because they could be used to easily manipulate the market.

The Ugly Truth Behind Stock Buybacks
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/
For most of the 20th century, stock buybacks were deemed illegal because they were thought to be a form of stock market manipulation. But since 1982, when they were essentially legalized by the SEC, buybacks have become perhaps the most popular financial engineering tool in the C-Suite tool shed.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

7 Reasons Stock Buybacks Should Be Illegal
https://investorplace.com/2019/02/7-reasons-stock-buybacks-should-be-illegal/
The SEC, operating under the Reagan Republicans, passed rule 10b-18, which made stock buybacks legal. Up until the passing of this rule, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 considered large-scale share repurchases a form of stock manipulation.
... snip ...

part of deregulation that also led to S&L Crises, VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. Proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime (recently there has been suggestion that there has possibly been one).

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Stockman (Reagan's budget director) in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

not just IBM this century, but lots of other corporations.

Share buyback machine now in overdrive -- dropping a strong hint at what CEOs plan to do with tax savings
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/share-buybacks-spike-dropping-a-strong-hint-at-what-ceos-plan-to-do-with-tax-savings-2017-12-08
How Much Can Buybacks Rise on Tax Cuts? This Estimate Says 70%
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-03/how-much-can-buybacks-rise-on-tax-cuts-this-estimate-says-70
Buyback binge is going strong, but here is why they are not the solution
https://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/21/buyback-binge-is-going-strong-but-here-is-why-they-are-not-the-solution.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
Date: 08 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich
https://publicintegrity.org/state-politics/copy-paste-legislate/what-is-alec-the-most-effective-organization-for-conservatives-says-newt-gingrich/

older post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#28 America's electoral system gives the Republicans advantages over Democrats

The Man Who Broke Politics; Newt Gingrich turned partisan battles into bloodsport, wrecked Congress, and paved the way for Trump's rise. Now he's reveling in his achievements.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/newt-gingrich-says-youre-welcome/570832/

recent posts, Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains

In recent CNN, Fareed called out political strife and conflict got much worse with speaker Gingrich. In 1999, after we were asked to help prevent the coming economic mess (we failed), one of other things we were told was that there has always been conflict between the two parties, but they could put their differences aside and come together to do things for the country. With Gingrich, everything came to be about party advantage and level of party conflict and strife got significant worse (weaponized party competition). Now everything is Kabuki dance/theater ... what you see is distraction for the public (like Roman circus) and has little to do with what is really going on.

Kabuki Theater posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

other past ALEC refs:

New ALEC Documents Show Regulatory Capture in Action
https://www.thenation.com/article/new-alec-documents-show-regulatory-capture-action

The GOP and ALEC's War on Cities
http://www.beyondchron.org/the-gop-and-alecs-war-on-cities/

The Hidden History of ALEC and Prison Labor
http://www.thenation.com/article/162478/hidden-history-alec-and-prison-labor

other references

Corporate Con Game; How the private prison industry helped shape Arizona's anti-immigrant law.
http://inthesetimes.com/article/6084/corporate_con_game/
another blog that quotes the "ALEC and Prison Labor" article How ALEC Changed Policies To Allow Corporations To Use Prisoners As Coerced Slave Labor
http://crooksandliars.com/susie-madrak/how-alec-changed-policies-allow-corpo
ALEC Exposed
http://www.alecexposed.org/wiki/ALEC_Exposed
a few references from quick (specific) search for ALEC document dump
http://www.blueoregon.com/2011/04/do-blue-oregon-readers-want-help-expose-what-chamber-commerce-has-been/

past posts mentioning ALEC:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#51 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#5 Trump to sign cyber security order

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
Date: 09 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#44 Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns

Stockman To Dalio: It's The Fed, Stupid!!
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-09/stockman-dalio-its-fed-stupid
Needless to say, artificial debt-fueled support of living standards doesn't make for prosperity or the lost American Dream that Dalio rightly laments. In fact, the main street economy has been so badly pummeled by the Keynesian money printers in the Eccles Building that hardly any breadwinner jobs have been created during the entirety of the 21st century to date.
... snip ...

stock buybacks posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
Date: 10 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
https://www.up.com/media/releases/190410-150th-anniversary-celebration.htm

Railroad hyperbole echoes all the way down to the dot-com frenzy
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and Railroaded
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters.

pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

however not just graft and corruption of congress & state legislatures, but also scammed supreme court into ruling corporations are people ... and well established as precedent by the time found to be fraud. We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.

pgxiii/loc50-53:
Laws that referred to "persons" have "by long and constant acceptance . . . been held to embrace artificial persons as well as natural persons," Conkling explained. This long-standing practice was well known to "the men who framed, the Congress which proposed, and the people who through their Legislatures ratified the Fourteenth Amendment."

pgxiii/loc53-56:
Conkling's claim was remarkable. The Fourteenth Amendment had been adopted after the Civil War to guarantee the rights of the freed slaves, not to protect corporations. Conkling, however, had unusual credibility with the justices. For two decades, he had been the leader of the Republican Party in Congress and was often said to be the most powerful man in Washington. He had twice been nominated to the Supreme Court himself, most recently in the spring of the same year he appeared on behalf of the Southern Pacific Railroad.

pgxiv/loc67-69:
There was just one small problem with Conkling's account of the drafting of the Fourteenth Amendment: it was not true. The drafters of the Fourteenth Amendment did not try to secret into the Constitution broad new protections for corporations, nor was the wording of the amendment ever altered in the way Conkling suggested.
... snip ...

'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/03/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#16 IBM Shrinks - Analysts Hate It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#45 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#53 Amdahl UTS manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#38 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#35 Hammond threatens EU with aggressive tax changes after Brexit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#63 endless medical arguments, Disregard post (another screwup)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#5 The 1970s engineering recession
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#93 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#94 Barb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#107 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#113 The Supreme Court Is Headed Back to the 19th Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#8 The LLC Loophole; In New York, where an LLC is legally a person, companies can use the vehicles to blast through campaign finance limits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#78 A Short History Of Corporations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#12 For The Average Investor, The Next Bear Market Will Likely Be The Last
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: 7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
Date: 10 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-10/7-charts-show-nations-pension-nightmare
For instance, Chicago recently proposed trying to raise billions in debt to help shore up its pension liabilities, ultimately betting that the market would provide returns in excess of what servicing its debt will require. But even in the midst of a bull market over the last decade, investment gains simply haven't been enough to offset pension liabilities. Maine is a great example. Its public pension fund earned double-digit returns in six of the past nine years but it is still $2.9 billion short of what it needs to afford all future benefits, according to the Wall Street Journal.

This leads retirees, like Daniel Tourtelotte, to ask a simple question: "If the market is doing better, where's the money?"

... snip ...

The Fed Has Created An Economy Of Zombies And Unicorns
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-10/fed-has-created-economy-zombies-and-unicorns
You must understand that 75% of today's wealth is in the hands of retirees and pre-retirees. Most have a significant portion of their money in index funds, and they're going to see significant erosion of their retirement assets. I'm thinking especially of those depending on public pensions, which are heavily weighted to a form of index investing. Public pensions are already significantly underfunded (in general) and a bear market will make them even more so. It will be painful and I can assure you it will cause a lot of political angst. Today I'll tell you why I think this. It may be one of the more important letters I've written in the recent past, so read carefully.
... snip ...

some recent posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#46 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#48 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#74 How Wall Street Drove Public Pensions Into Crisis and Pocketed Billions in Fees
Cal. State Pension articles
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/?s=calpers
inequality posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
Date: 10 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion

42 Years Ago, a corrupt United States Supreme Court Gave Corporations Free Speech Rights
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2019/03/31/42-years-ago-a-corrupt-united-states-supreme-court-gave-corporations-free-speech-rights/
In 1971, Powell wrote what has become known as the Lewis Powell memo, which advocated a corporate "guerrilla war" of misinformation and corporate take over of our schools, courts and other institutions. That war has been successfully waged. A few months after Powell wrote the memo and presented it to the United States Chamber of Commerce, then-President Richard Nixon successfully nominated Powell to the United States Supreme Court. You already know where Powell's sympathies lay. He was the rich man's class warrior. So fast forward to 1978.
... snip ...

Merchants of Doubt posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#merchants.of.doubt

Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming (science for hire)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchants_of_Doubt
http://www.merchantsofdoubt.org/
https://www.amazon.com/Merchants-Doubt-Handful-Scientists-Obscured-ebook/dp/B003RRXXO8/
http://www.economist.com/node/16374460

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You paid taxes. These corporations didn't

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: You paid taxes. These corporations didn't.
Date: 11 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
You paid taxes. These corporations didn't.
https://publicintegrity.org/business/taxes/trumps-tax-cuts/you-paid-taxes-these-corporations-didnt/

Poster child is large US equipment manufacturer that built in the US and shipped directly to customers in the US. They then setup a "distributorship" in offshore tax haven. Equipment was "sold" wholesale at cost to the distributorship which then "sells" to customers in the US ... with all the profits booked in the offshore taxhaven. Equipment is still made in the US and directly shipped to customers in the US ... just fancy financial engineering to book all profits offshore. Note that money doesn't even actually leave US, "investments" someplace around wallstreet (again financial engineering bookkeeping).

Luxembourg Leaks
https://www.icij.org/investigations/luxembourg-leaks/
tax evasion, tax fraud, tax haven, tax avoidance posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

System/360 consoles

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: System/360 consoles
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 11 Apr 2019 12:32:21 -0700
hancock4 writes:
Thanks for posting.

On our S/360-40, we only used the console to IPL.

The C/E would use it on rare occasion for diagnostics.

We did dutifully check the CPU timer meter and record and report it. Why, since it didn't mean anything. But we did get a big boost when we installed the POWER spooler and spooled our unit-record I/O instead of hot. Almost doubled throughput.

I don't know if spooling would make a difference on the model 30 since it was a slower machine in several ways.

I think on the really old machines they spooled by writing to mag tape, then printing from the tapes in an offline mode.

On the 709x series, I guess it was pretty common to have a slave 1401 to use as a spooling unit. According to the literature, the 1401 was also a reader-editor, doing some basic checking of input before the tapes were fed into the 7090.


same post with a couple other 7april1964 360 announce URLs running in (facebook) ibm retiree group.

Spring semester, I had taken two semester hour intro to computing/fortran ... univ. had 709/1401 with 1401 doing unit record front-end for 709 running tape->tape student fortran jobs (in less than second per), tapes manually moved between 709 and 1401.

that summer 1401 was replaced with 360/30, I got a job rewritting the 1401 MPIO (tape<->unit record) program for 360 (1401 MPIO could still run on 360/30 in emulation mode, but i guess they wanted to get 360 experience). univ. shutdown the datacenter from 8am sat until 8am monday ... and I got the whole place to myself for 48hrs. I also got to design/implement my own monitor, interrupt handlers, device drivers, error recovery, storage management, user interface, etc. I got it to point for concurrent card->tape with tape->printer/punch

I eventually had 2000 card program with assembler option that generated a "stand-alone" version (loaded with BPS loader) or os/360 application. The stand-alone version assembled in about 30mins (360/30 64kbyte, os/360 release 6) ... but the os/360 version took an hour ... extra 30mins to assemble the DCB macros.

It was part of transition from 709/1401 to 360/67 ... originally intended for tss/360 ... which never got to production fruition ... and so ran most of the time as 360/65 with os/360. After 360/67 came in, I got hired fulltime to be responsible for the production systems ... and continued to have the datacenter to myself for 48hrs over the week (made any monday morning class a little hard after being up for 48hrs).

Initial fortran student jobs took over a minute elapsed time (after being under second on 709), fortgclg. Installing HASP (spooling) cut it to a little over 30seconds. I then started doing custom OS/360 sysgens, carefully ordering datasets and PDS members (minimize arm seek distance and multi-track search of PDS member directory) ... cutting elapsed student fortran job to 12.9secs (almost 3times faster).

Student fortran didn't get faster than 709 until installed WATFOR, single step batch monitor, typically full tray of student fortran jobs (around 2000 cards, typically 40-60 cards per job, around 40jobs). WATFOR was rated at 20,000 cards per minute on 360/65, or around 6seconds for tray of cards (w/HASP) ... plus approx. 4secs for os/360 step overhead ... or 10seconds elapsed time for 40jobs, about quarter second/job.

End Jan1968, 3 people from the Science Center came out and installed CP/67 ... which I got to play with over the weekend (also). I rewrote a lot of CP67 over that spring and summer ... and had presentation at fall1968 (user group) SHARE meeting ... part in this old post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#18

Before graduation I got hired fulltime into Boeing CFO office to help with formation of Boeing Computer Services (consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business unit to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). There was company politics between CFO (who had 360/30 for payroll) and head of Renton datacenter, I thot possibly largest in the world ($200m-$300m, 60s dollars in IBM 360). They did enlarge the 360/30 machine room and install a 360/67 for me to play with cp/67). They also brought up the multiprocessor 360/67 from Boeing Huntsville to Seattle.

The IBM branch & Boeing people would tell story about 360 announce day ... Boeing (who knew a lot more about 360) walks into the IBM salesman and make a big 360 order. That year, the salesman is the highest paid IBM employee. IBM then changes from straight commission to "quota" system for the next year. Boeing places another large 360 order and by the end of Jan he has the year's quota, then IBM "adjusts" the salesman's quota, and the salesman leaves the company

747#3 as also flying skies of seattle getting FAA flt certificaiton. There was disaster scenario wher Mt. Rainier heats up and the resulting mud slide takes out Renton datacenter ... and there was plans for replicating the Renton datacenter up at new 747 plant in Everett.

When I graduate, I join the science center at MIT (rather than staying at Boeing).

IBM rented/leased systems and charged based on system meter (ran whenever the CPU and/or any channel was busy) ... even funny money charges for internal datacenters. As part of moving to 7x24 online operation, science center did a lot of CP67 work to let the system meter stop when things were idle ... including special channel programs that would let the system meter stop, but instantly wake-up for arriving characters. Trivia, system meter would continue running for 400ms after everything (cpu and channels) had stopped ... long after IBM converted to sales, MVS still had special timer request that woke up every 400ms, making sure any system meter would never stop.

science center also did a lot of cp67 work in the 60s for supporting dark room offshift operation (no human in the datacenter).

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: S/360
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Apr 2019 13:19:13 -0700
lists@AKPHS.COM (Phil Smith III) writes:
And I'm 99.9% sure that DASD capacity was determined by building the geometry and then trying various densities until error rates became unacceptable, then backing off slightly. Which would explain the weird, random sizes with each generation (until 3390, after which it went to arrays and became standardized-on what future generations will consider a weird size).

error detecting/correcting started moving to fixed block sizes ... aka, FBA ... even 3380 had fixed cell size for error correcting ... however POK's favorite son operating system has had difficulty weening off CKD. There hasn't been real CKD made for decades, all being simulated on industry standard fixed block disks.

the recent move from 512byte to 4096byte fixed blocks is largely motivated by error correct. fixed-block
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed-block_architecture
FBA 512->4096 migration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Format

original "raid" patent was by IBMer in the 70s
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID

first use was IBM S/38 ... because common single disk failure took out everything. part of S/38 organization simplification was scatter allocation across all disks (treated as single filesystem) ... and therefor any single disk failure took out the whole system ... all disks had to be backed up as single unit/pool (because of scatter allocation) ... and any recovery required complete system restore.

Note originally 3380 had 20 track spacings between each data-track ... flying lower met adjacent tracks had less interferance and cut the data track spacing in half (double-density with twice the number of tracks/cylinders), then spacing cut again for triple-density (three times the number of tracks/cylinders).

trivia: I got dragged into idea the IBM "father of risc" had for "wide-head" 16 adjacent datatracks with servo tracks on either side ... read/write all 16 simultaneously (while tracking servo tracks on both sides of the data tracks). This was in 3090 and 3380 triple-density time-frame. The problem was that the IBM mainframe data transfer is 16*3mbytes/sec or 48mbytes/sec. Even when ESCON is announced in 1990 (with ES/9000, when ESCON is alread obsolete) it is only 17mbytes/sec.

little more trivia: 70s, engineer was running "air bearing" (floating heads) simulation (part of reducing head flying height enabling greater densities) on research 370/195 ... but only getting a couple turn arounds a month (even with priority designation). I had done enhanced bullet proof, never fail operating system for bldg 14&15 allowing them moving from stand-alone testing to doing concurrent development testing under operating system. Turns out even concurrent testing only used percent or two of processor ... so we set up private online service using the machines. Bldg15 had 2ndor3rd engineering 3033 from POK, and we get the air bearing simulation moved over to the 3033, where he can get several turn-arounds a day (even tho 3033 has little less than 1/2 processing of 370/195).

more trivia: I had done channel-extender support in 1980 for STL that was moving 300 people from IMS group to offsite bldg ... but the POK people playing with what becomes ESCON ... blocks it release to customer. In 1988, I'm asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff they are playing with which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard, including some stuff that I had one in 1980 (FCS, originally 100mbyte/sec concurrent in both directions).

Then some POK engineers get involved in FCS and define a protocol that radically cuts the native throughput ... which is eventually released as FICON. Most recent published FICON numbers I've seen is peak I/O z196 test that used 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS) getting 2M IOPS. About the same time there was FCS announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS, getting more throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
CKD, FBA, DASD, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd
channel extender posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: S/360
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 11 Apr 2019 16:18:21 -0700
wmhblair@COMCAST.NET (WILLIAM H BLAIR) writes:
Donald Ludlow WAS indeed the principal author of OS/360 IOS. In fact, he wrote ALL of the code that actually survived and was shipped. There was another gentleman who CLAIMED to be the "author" of IOS (whom I knew personally), but everything he did had to be redone by Don (or mostly, in fact, simply thrown away).

Mr. Ludlow moved to Raleigh, NC and worked on SPF (as it was then called), incorporating the SUPERC FDP into ISPF/PDF as what we know today as options 3.12, 3.13, and 3.14 (a "recent" enhancement adds 3.15).

He wrote some of the slickest, tightest S/360 Assembler code I've ever seen or had to modify learning a lot about device channel programming from it (and from him).


this is reference to getting request to find people that had been involved in the decision to convert all 370s to virtual memory (i.e. MVT storage management was so bad, that region sizes typically had to be four times larger than actually used, as result typical 1mbyte 370/165 only ran four regions, going to virtual memory, could get four times as many regions with little or no paging)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

Ludlow was doing initial implementation of MVT for VS2/SVS ... work done on 360/67. Basically not that different of running MVT in a 16mbyte cp/67 virtual machine. Build table for single 16mbyte virtual address space at startup and a little bit of page I/O (not hihgly optimized because anticipating little or no actual paging). Biggest amount of code was same as CP/67 ... (EXCP/SV0) got channel programs built with virtual addresses ... and so had to make a channel program copy replacing the virtual addresses with real addresses ... and basically borrowed the code from CP/67 and hacked into EXCP.

Slight topic drift, in my previous post in this thread, I mentioned doing bullet proof input/output supervisor for doing bldg14 disk engineering testing and bldg15 product test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019h.html#52 S/360

They had previously tried MVS, but in that environment MVS had 15min MTBF requiring manual re-ipl. This is later email just before 3380 customer ship ... FE had regression test of 57 simulated errors that were expected to occur in normal operations. MVS was still failing in all 57 error (requiring manual re-ipl) with no indication of what cause the failure in 2/3rds of the case ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801015

I did an internal report of all the changes/fixes needed to support any amount of on-demand concurrent dasd development testing (previously they were running 7x24 pre-scheduled stand-alone testing) ... and (unfortunately) happened to mention the MVS 15min MTBF ... which brought down the wrath of the MVS group on my head (I was told initially they tried to have me separated from the IBM company).

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldg 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 12 Apr 2019 09:46:16 -0700
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
BITNet (and, I assume ARPANet) avoided a lot of the internet's problems. Instead of millions of independent computers in peoples' basements BITNet connected users thru hosts, which were managed by real people. Abusers and others could be reported to the corresponding host's manager, and could result in a warning or even revocation of access for flagrant offenders. The Internet needs a way of shutting people off.

Internal network was done by co-worker at the cambridge science center (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) and technology then used for the corporate sponsored BITNET in the US and EARN in europe ... old email somebody that had been at grenoble science center then did sabatical at cambridge science center ... later was asked to do EARN
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320
he was looking for networking applications ... aka I had been blamed for online computer conferencing in the late 70s and early 80s and the internal network (folklore is that when corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing and the internal network, 5of6 wanted for fire me) ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

cambridge science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

listserv mailing list was then done on EARN in paris in 1986 (subset of internal tools conferencing which supported both usenet like operation and mailing list options)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LISTSERV#Automated_mailing_list_management

things like ibm-main discussion group started out on BITNET in the mid-80s, continue to live ... gatewayed to bit.listserv usenet hierarchy ... which is then gatewayed to google groups
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bit.listserv.ibm-main
recent S/360 discussion
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/Wl88nBPyF-c

from recent post about xmas exploit on bitnet

VMSHARE reference:
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=CHRISTMA&ft=PROB
note I recently complained about VMSHARE archive gone 404 at Marist, they restored the "home" page, but the rest has still been 404, however, it still lives at the wayback machine:
https://web.archive.org/web/20150912012745/http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/browse?fn=CHRISTMA&ft=PROB
risk digest ref (by Joe Morris) on risk digest (21dec87)
http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Risks/5.81.html#subj1
this was corporate sponsored BITNET ... mostly ibm mainframes at institutions of higher learning in the US ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
interconnected with similar EARN in europe ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network
it used technology similar to internal network (which was larger than arpanet/internet from just about beginning until possibly late '85 or early '86), a year before the internet morris worm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_worm
old post where I tried to do a rendition of the FSX XMAS in html (html animation blinking)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#54
bitnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
ibm internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

... snip ...

trivia: TYMSHARE started providing their CMS-based online computer conferencing "free" to the (IBM user group) SHARE as VMSHARE in Aug1976.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tymshare

I would go by TYMSHARE every month or so and/or see their people at monthly BAYBUNCH meetings at SLAC. I had cut a deal with TYMSHARE to get monthly tape dump of all VMSHARE files to put up on internal network and systems ... one of the biggest problems I had was IBM lawyers were afraid of contaminanting IBM employees with customer information.

early 90s, I tried to get campaign to get ISPs throttling various kinds of exploits ... like green card spamming
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_email_spam

ISPs countered with they didn't have the technology to montior user activity ... but this was in the days of home dialup internet ... and the same technolog they were using for multiple concurrent logins could have been used. they were more interested in revenue. There was also legal liability ... if it looked like they were controlling bad activity ... then victims of bad activity that sneaked thru could more easily sue the ISPs.

Later 90s, was in scottsdale for X9 financial standard meeting and having dinner in mexican restaurant in old town ... and a couple came in with man and were seated behind us. The man spent the dinner explaining how he did the green card spamming and how he could be hired to do it for their business.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Most Corrupt Institution on Earth

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Most Corrupt Institution on Earth
Date: 13 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
In 1999, I was asked to help try and prevent the coming economic mess (we failed). Then a decade later, in Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s congressional hearings into '29crash, resulted in criminal convictions with jailtime) with lots of URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (references that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all, references to enormous mountains of wallstreet money totally burying capital hill ... and they may only be 2-3 "honest" member of congress left.

2008 there had been national TV broadcast of economic conference roundtable on "flat tax" ... eliminating *ALL* loopholes. Scenario was that it costs the country 3% of GDP paying tax preparers to deal with the loopholes and 3% of GDP in non-optimal business practices to conform with loopholes ... whatever "beneficial" loopholes might be eliminated, it would be more than gained back with the 6% in GDP.

There were then articles that congress is most corrupt institution on earth ... primarily for the selling of tax loopholes to special interests ... and paying congress for tax loopholes has one of the highest ROIs, getting $1000 for every $1 spent on congress (for every billion spent on congress returns a trillion for the corporations and special interests).

One of their current problems is that they have sold nearly every possible loophole ... they now are trying to convert to practice of renting loopholes that have to be paid for (renewed) every couple years. In the mean time they fabricate conflict between two parties over repealing tax loopholes, increasing payments for both sides.

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
tax avoidance, tax havens, tax evasion, tax fraud posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

2002 congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on the way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report that 2003-2009, taxes reduced by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence of federal reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal debt, special interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase (radically different congress than the one that originally passed the fiscal responsibility act).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

military-industrial complex part last decade (with some background)

CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis greatly exaggerating Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney).

In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP, two Bechtel SVPs are SECTREAS and SECDEF, and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president, Cheney is SECDEF and previous SECTREAS is SECSTATE. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/
Records appear showing Bush ran Iran/Contra and he pardons everybody
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/

NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

team B posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b
military industrial complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
wmd postings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmd
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

and financial mess, VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. Proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime (recently there has been suggestion that there has possibly been one).

more 80s financial deregulation

buybacks have been propping up the market for long time ... note that buybacks use to be illegal because they could be used to easily manipulate the market.

The Ugly Truth Behind Stock Buybacks
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/
For most of the 20th century, stock buybacks were deemed illegal because they were thought to be a form of stock market manipulation. But since 1982, when they were essentially legalized by the SEC, buybacks have become perhaps the most popular financial engineering tool in the C-Suite tool shed.

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
Date: 14 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
U.S. Has Spent Six Trillion Dollars on Wars That Killed Half a Million People Since 9/11, Report Says
https://www.newsweek.com/us-spent-six-trillion-wars-killed-half-million-1215588

Family of Secrets
https://www.amazon.com/Family-Secrets-Americas-Invisible-Government-ebook/dp/B003NSBMNA/
from the law of unintended consequences that come back to bite you (including 9/11, nearly all the terrorists were Saudis); pg292/loc6057-59:
There was also a calculated decision to use the Saudis as surrogates in the cold war. The United States actually encouraged Saudi efforts to spread the extremist Wahhabi form of Islam as a way of stirring up large Muslim communities in Soviet-controlled countries. (It didn't hurt that Muslim Soviet Asia contained what were believed to be the world's largest undeveloped reserves of oil.)
... snip ...

There was recent Fareed Zakaria GPS segment about Wahhabi violence now in Indonesia

In 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act lapse, spending couldn't exceed revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt. 2005 comptroller general was including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school arithmetic. CBO 2010 report was that 2003-2009, taxes was cut by $6T and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Sort of confluence of Federal Reserve and wallstreet wanting huge federal debt, special interests and wallstreet wanting huge tax cut, and military-industrial complex wanting huge spending increase (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars, now exceeding $6T).

fiscal responsibility act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

This century, Bush2 is president, Cheney is VP, Rumsfeld is SECDEF and one of the "Team B" members is deputy SECDEF (and major architect of Iraq policy).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

Before the invasion, the cousin of white house chief of staff Card ... was dealing with the Iraqis at the UN and was given evidence that WMDs (tracing back to US in the Iran/Iraq war) had been decommissioned. the cousin shared it with Card, Powell and others ... then is locked up in military hospital, book was published in 2010 (4yrs before decommissioned WMDs were declassified)
https://www.amazon.com/EXTREME-PREJUDICE-Terrifying-Story-Patriot-ebook/dp/B004HYHBK2/
NY Times series from 2014, the decommission WMDs (tracing back to US from Iran/Iraq war), had been found early in the invasion, but the information was classified for a decade
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/10/14/world/middleeast/us-casualties-of-iraq-chemical-weapons.html

and military-industrial-complex wanted a war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (can *ONLY* be used for purchase of modern US arms, aka additional congressional gifts to MIC complex not in DOD budget). From the law of unintended consequences, the invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for WMDs, when they got around to going back, over a million metric tons had evaporated.
https://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA/

WMD posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

earlier, CIA director Colby refuses to approve "Team B" analysis greatly exaggerating Russian military capability, justifying huge US military spending increase.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B
White House Chief of Staff Rumsfeld gets Colby replaced with somebody (Bush1) that will agree with "Team B" analysis. Rumsfeld then resigns to become SECDEF (and is replaced by his assistant Cheney). In the 80s, US supports Iraq in the Iran/iraq war
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War
Bush1 is VP, two Bechtel SVPs are SECTREAS and SECDEF, and Rumsfeld is involved in supporting Iraq, including supplying WMDs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_support_for_Iraq_during_the_Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_war

"Team B" posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

In the early 90s, Bush1 is president, Cheney is SECDEF and previous SECTREAS is SECSTATE. Sat. photo recon analyst told white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Kuwait. White house said that Saddam would do no such thing and proceeded to discredit the analyst. Later the analyst informed the white house that Saddam was marshaling forces to invade Saudi Arabia, now the white house has to choose between Saddam and the Saudis.
https://www.amazon.com/Long-Strange-Journey-Intelligence-ebook/dp/B004NNV5H2/
Records appear showing Bush ran Iran/Contra and he pardons everybody
https://www.amazon.com/Profiteers-Bechtel-Men-Built-World-ebook/dp/B010MHAHV2/

and financial mess, 80s VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260
last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crises. Proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime (recently there has been suggestion that there has possibly been one).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

other 80s financial deregulation, buybacks have been propping up the market for long time ... note that buybacks use to be illegal because they could be used to easily manipulate the market.

The Ugly Truth Behind Stock Buybacks
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/
For most of the 20th century, stock buybacks were deemed illegal because they were thought to be a form of stock market manipulation. But since 1982, when they were essentially legalized by the SEC, buybacks have become perhaps the most popular financial engineering tool in the C-Suite tool shed.
... snip ...

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

HA/CMP, HA/6000, Harrier/9333, STK Iceberg & Adstar Seastar

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: HA/CMP, HA/6000, Harrier/9333, STK Iceberg & Adstar Seastar
Date: 14 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
IBM Adstar tried to counter (STK Iceberg) with seastar (software was seahorse) ... current web search for references just turn up my old usenet posts I've archived at garlic.com ... which have old online references that have gone 404 ... although some of them still live at the wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080608164743/http://www.informationweek.com/565/65mtrob.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20060328034324/http://www.stkhi.com/nearline.htm

Besides working with LLNL on technical cluster scaleup "supercomputers" ... we were also working with LLNL on porting their high-performance filesystem LINCS they had originally done on Cray ... including HA/CMP version (Unitree). As I've periodically mentioned before ... a week or two later we had meeting in ellison's conference on commercial cluster scaleup, reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
then a couple weeks after that meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientifc "ONLY") and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later)
Date: Mon, 30 Dec 91 15:07:32 -0800 To: wheeler Subject: Unitree log structured filesystem

Lynn, this could be useful for the high-end for a non-obvious reason.

We recently removed the only future CKD 5.25in DASD from the plan. The next high-end DASD, Cortez, will do CKD emulation. Emulation is the right way to do CKD, but unfortunately Cortez is forced to emulate behind a 3990. This is badness because the DDC interface behind a 3990 is gap-synchronous. This means there is a Read-Modify-Write cycle to do a write. This is inherent to a 3990.

The only way to do CKD Emulation correctly is to get rid of 3990. Seastar plans to do this, but not until 2Q95. In the interim, we need a high performance high-end CKD subsystem. We would like array support if possible, and compression.

What has this to do with HA/Unitree LFS you ask? If we added some ESCON cards to an HA/950, and we did CKD Emulation SW and Compression HW here at ARC, we could quickly build a cached/arrayed/CKD subystem. We could stripe data across Harrier drawers 3+P. We could compress because we have LSFS (update in place precludes compression). We could cache in Unitree memory. Would this work ? It would be really keen.

... snip ... top of post, old email index

other HA/CMP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

In late 70s and first part of 80s, I got to spend some time playing disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 ... but later 80s, I was spending more time on risc & turning out HA/CMP product. Above email references HA/950 ... which is HA/CMP running on RS6000/950 (product started out HA/6000, but I fairly quickly renamed HA/CMP when started on cluster scaleup) ... high-end rack mounted system. I've previous mentioned that ESCON was announced in 1990 with ES/9000 when it was already obsolete. In 1988, I was (also) asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that they had been playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff that I had done in 1980), initially 100mbyte/sec concurrent in both direction, compared to ESCON 17mbyte/sec half-duplex.

recent post in IBM-main S/360 thread
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/bit.listserv.ibm-main/Wl88nBPyF-c
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360

The post about Jan1992 Ellison commercial cluster scaleup (128-way ye1992) meeting, and the above email mentions Harrier(/9333) which we were using in some HA/CMP configurations. It was high-speed fixed-block disks using packetized SCSI protocol running over 80mbit/sec full-duplex serial copper. I mention that I had hoped that it evolves into 1/8th speed interoperable fibre-channel standard ... but instead it evolves into IBM proprietary SSA (after we leave):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_Storage_Architecture
The above wiki mentions that SSA was "overtaken" by FCS, but I had been asked to help with standardizing what becomes FCS in 1988 ... and I wanted Harrier/9333 to evolve into FCS interoperable instead of IBM proprietary

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
channel-extender (1980 for STL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender
FICON posts (mainframe channel protocol running over FCS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
getting to play disk engineer posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
DASD, CKD, multi-track search, FBA, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stuff We Can't Afford, Part 1: Paying People To Live On Flood Plains

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Stuff We Can't Afford, Part 1: Paying People To Live On Flood Plains
Date: 14 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Stuff We Can't Afford, Part 1: Paying People To Live On Flood Plains
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-14/stuff-we-cant-afford-part-1-paying-people-live-flood-plains

there has been claims that half of the federal disaster flood insurance goes to the state of mississippi each year (some mississippi congressman that the federal government "owed" mississippi the money for economic stimulus) ... and rebuilding each year at the same locations in flood plain/zone ... even tho federal legislation at least from the 80s not allowing flood insurance paying for rebuilding in flood plain/zone

past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#41 Where do the filesystem and RAID system belong?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#42 Where do the filesystem and RAID system belong?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#67 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#41 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#18 other days around me
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#48 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#27 Federal Subsidies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Make Stock Buybacks Illegal?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Make Stock Buybacks Illegal?
Date: 14 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Make Stock Buybacks Illegal?
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-14/make-stock-buybacks-illegal
AGAIN!

recent post:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#2 After Forking Out $110 Billion on Stock Buybacks, IBM Shifts Its Spending Focus
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#44 Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#46 Banning Buybacks Would Crash The Market, Goldman Warns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth

stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

S/360

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: S/360
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 15 Apr 2019 11:59:28 -0700
tom@TOMBRENNANSOFTWARE.COM (Tom Brennan) writes:
This reminds me of my first (junk pile) floppy disk drive back in the 1970's for my home-made computer. I had little money so I made my own controller out of a dozen chips and wrote some 8080 code to handle the I/O. So the format of the disk was totally up to me, and not compatible with anything else. I did just what you said and settled on about 3K per track. But that was with no separate records or sectors - you had to read the entire track if you wanted any data, which I found out later (when I took my first computer class) wasn't too smart.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#52 S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#53 S/360

recent (facebook ibm retirees) post ... with 3390/3990, iceberg, seastar, etc:

IBM Adstar tried to counter (STK Iceberg) with seastar (software was seahorse) ... current web search for references just turn up my old usenet posts I've archived at garlic.com ... which have old online references that have gone 404 ... although some of them still live at the wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080608164743/http://www.informationweek.com/565/65mtrob.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20060328034324/http://www.stkhi.com/nearline.htm

Besides working with LLNL on technical cluster scaleup "supercomputers" ... we were also working with LLNL on porting their high-performance filesystem LINCS they had originally done on Cray ... including HA/CMP version (Unitree). As I've periodically mentioned before ... a week or two later we had meeting in ellison's conference on commercial cluster scaleup, reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
then a couple weeks after that meeting, cluster scaleup was transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientifc "ONLY") and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave IBM a few months later)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#email911230

In late 70s and first part of 80s, I got to spend some time playing disk engineer in bldgs 14&15 ... but later 80s, I was spending more time on risc & turning out HA/CMP product. Above email references HA/950 ... which is HA/CMP running on RS6000/950 (product started out HA/6000, but I fairly quickly renamed HA/CMP when started on cluster scaleup) ... high-end rack mounted system. I've previous mentioned that ESCON was announced in 1990 with ES/9000 when it was already obsolete. In 1988, I was (also) asked to help LLNL standardize some serial stuff that they had been playing with which quickly becomes fibre channel standard (including some stuff that I had done in 1980), initially 100mbyte/sec concurrent in both direction, compared to ESCON 17mbyte/sec half-duplex.

The post about Jan1992 Ellison commercial cluster scaleup (128-way ye1992) meeting, and the above email mentions Harrier(/9333) which we were using in some HA/CMP configurations. It was high-speed fixed-block disks using packetized SCSI protocol running over 80mbit/sec full-duplex serial copper. I mention that I had hoped that it evolves into 1/8th speed interoperable fibre-channel standard ... but instead it evolves into IBM proprietary SSA (after we leave):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_Storage_Architecture The above wiki
mentions that SSA was "overtaken" by FCS, but I had been asked to help with standardizing what becomes FCS in 1988 ... and I wanted Harrier/9333 to evolve into FCS interoperable instead of IBM proprietary

... end of ibm retiree post ...

aka, real CKD DASD hasn't been made for decades ... but POK's favorite son operating system has not been able to ween itself off it.

as mentioned previously, somewhere along the way, some POK engineers become involved with FCS and define an extremely heavyweight protocol that drastically reduces the native throughput, eventually released as FICON. Latest published "peak i/o" benchmark I've seen is for z196 getting 2M IOPS using 104 FICON running over 104 FCS. About the same time a FCS was announced for E5-2600 blade claiming over million IOPS (two such FCS getting higher throughput than 104 FICON running over 104 FCS).

past posts mentioning FICON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
some old archived cluster scaleup posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#medusa

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Location Independent Code

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Location Independent Code
Date: 15 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re: location independent code; a hot button. I had done paged mapped filesystem for CP67/CMS with shared segments that could concurrently appear at different addresses in different virtual address spaces (from the cms modules, none of the CP "named" segments). I then moved it to VM370/CMS ... and the product group released a very small subset, none of the paged mapped filesystem ... just the shared segment stuff ... but using (CP) named shared segments (at fixed address, the same in every virtual address space) as DCSS for vm370 release3.

For my full stuff, I had to manually fix all the (OS/360) adcons (CMS using OS/360 assembler and compilers) .... poor man's version of TSS/360 RCONs which supported location independent operation. old email about moving from CP67/CMS to VM370/CMS (and doing CSC/VM for internal datacenters)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

old email with Theo about fixing to be location independent *AND* running in shared segment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781010
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email781011
in this post about doing location indepentent code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#9
some more
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#email791012
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#39

Old email with the VMSG author about putting VMSG into shared segment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#email790312
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#email790312b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#email790403
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#23

If I couldn't fix all adcons, I could still do shared "module" at same fixed address across all virtual address spaces. Past posts mentioning the issue manually fixing adcons for location independent code (also references that I had done it earlier when I originally did pageable kernel code for CP67 ... which was picked up and shipped as part of VM370 release 1)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#adcon

aka ... the executable image in the filesystem is exactly the same as what executes in memory. OS/360 has all these RLDs where the executable has to be prefetched and all the RLDs (adcons) fiddled (allowing filesystem image to be loaded at any address) before the program can be started. CMS utilized OS/360 assemblers and compilers with the RLD/adcon convention ... but did have "MODULE" format files ... which was memory image after RLDs had been fiddled ... but then lost being able to load at different addresses (still had to be preloaded with channel program, but didn't require any further preprocessing).

My CMS page mapped filesystem eliminated the overhead of I/O simulation and also allowed execution to start before the complete program/file was in storage. It also allowed the same executable image to shared in different virtual address spaces ... and if so designated that it was location independent, it could be mapped arbitrary virtual address ... even being shared concurrently at different addresses in different virtual address spaces.

It did introduce hardware issues. The original (360/67 &) 370 virtual memory architecture allowed for concurrent sharing of same information at different virtual addresses ... but in the virtual->real address hardware mappings created synonyms ... the same real address having multiple different virtual addresses. When it came to invalidating some hardware virtual->real mapping table ... rather than single possible mapping entry ... may have to search for multiple possible entries.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Cobol

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Cobol
Date: 15 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
We are working with national labs on technical cluster scaleup and RDBMS vendors on commercial cluster scaleup. Reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on commercial cluster scaleup (128-way by ye1992)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

within a few weeks of the meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific "ONLY"), and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors. Contributing motivation may have complaints by mainframe DB2 group that if we were allowed to go ahead, it would be at least 5yrs ahead of them. We leave a few months later. Later two of the Oracle people in the Ellison's meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server". We are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server. The startup had also invented this technology called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

As a result of doing "electronic commerce" ... get dragged into lots of financial industry, including national/international standards bodies. At the turn of the century, get brought into large datacenter handling over half of all credit cards in the US to look at performance issues. They have 40+ max configured IBM mainframes (@$30M each; then addin dasd, other stuff, etc; constantly upgraded, none older than 18m) running a 450k statement Cobol application/program ... number mainframes needed to complete account settlement in the overnight batch window. Was able to cut 2/3rds for something that accounted for 21% of total processing (14% improvement, or $200M in mainframes). Going in I semi-facetiously proposed getting 5% of the savings ... didn't get it. The organization had large group responsible for the performance care & feeding of the 450kloc for a couple decades ... but they seemed to have become increasingly myopic continually optimizing the same stuff over and over. Also did some number of patents for the company, payments, crypto, chips
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

past posts mentioning 450k statement cobol program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006u.html#50 Where can you get a Minor in Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#20 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#21 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#24 Job ad for z/OS systems programmer trainee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#73 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#81 Intel: an expensive many-core future is ahead of us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#5 Why do IBMers think disks are 'Direct Access'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#76 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#55 Cobol hits 50 and keeps counting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#20 IBM forecasts 'new world order' for financial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#35 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#25 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#45 Article for the boss: COBOL will outlive us all
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#83 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#65 A New Performance Model ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#112 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#43 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#57 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#2 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#43 How IBM Was Left Behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#13 IBM today

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
Date: 16 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Only Man Who Flew Both The F-22 And The YF-23 On Why The YF-23 Lost
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/27309/the-only-man-who-flew-both-the-f-22-and-the-yf-23-on-why-the-yf-23-lost

from decade ago, jokes at the time couldn't take it out in weather
http://nypost.com/2009/07/17/cant-fly-wont-die/
more recent article about maintenance bays are booked around the clock
http://www.tyndall.af.mil/News/Features/Display/tabid/6651/Article/669883/lo-how-the-f-22-gets-its-stealth.aspx

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

lots of past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#51 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#56 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#10 UAV vis-a-vis F35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#41 The Heritage Foundation, Then and Now
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#56 Update on the F35 Debate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#34 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#0 Navy's F-35C Completes Landing Tests Ahead of October Sea Trials
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#1 If We Don't Keep The F-22 Raptor Viable, The F-35 Fleet Will Be Irrelevant'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#40 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#66 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#92 Why do bank IT systems keep failing ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#51 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#18 After the Sun (Microsystems) Sets, the Real Stories Come Out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#31 The Designer Of The F-15 Explains Just How Stupid The F-35 Is
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#102 A-10 Warthog No Longer Suitable for Middle East Combat, Air Force Leader Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#40 China's Fifth-Generation Fighter Could Be A Game Changer In An Increasingly Tense East Asia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#43 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#6 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#75 How Russia's S-400 makes the F-35 obsolete
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#14 With the U.S. F-35 Grounded, Putin's New Jet Beats Us Hands-Down
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#16 Modern computer brochures; military security; then and now ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#60 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#21 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#55 How to Kill the F-35 Stealth Fighter; It all comes down to radar ... and a big enough missile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#89 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#92 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#96 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#97 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#61 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#62 5th generation stealth, thermal, radar signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#104 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#40 The F-22 Raptor Is the World's Best Fighter (And It Has a Secret Weapon That Is Out in the Open)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#76 The F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Politically Unstoppable----Even Under President Trump
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#77 Test Pilot Admits the F-35 Can't Dogfight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#78 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#93 F35 Program
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#98 A Christmassy PL/I tale
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#51 The Not-So-Secret Way to Kill an F-22 or F-35 Stealth Fighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#51 F-35 Replacement: F-45 Mustang II Fighter -- Simple & Lightweight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#17 The Pentagon still uses computer software from 1958 to manage its contracts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#44 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#78 F-35 Multi-Role
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#44 Security Breach and Spilled Secrets Have Shaken the N.S.A. to Its Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#11 This is the plane that almost beat out the legendary F-16
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#39 Why China's New Supercomputer Is Only Technically the World's Fastest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#117 F-35: Still No Finish Line in Sight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#14 Air Force Risks Losing Third of F-35s If Upkeep Costs Aren't Cut
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#19 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#21 How China's New Stealth Fighter Could Soon Surpass the US F-22 Raptor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#63 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#68 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#74 The F-35 has a basic flaw that means an F-22 hybrid could outclass it -- and that's a big problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#76 Why the F-35 Isn't Good Enough for Japan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#108 F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#109 JSF/F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#20 Navy's Top-Dollar Stealth Fighter May Not Go the Distance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#37 Imagining a Cyber Surprise: How Might China Use Stolen OPM Records to Target Trust?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#44 Mission Command Is Swarm Intelligence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#52 Chinese Government Hackers Have Successfully Stolen Massive Amounts Of Highly Sensitive Data On U.S. Submarine Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#83 Is LINUX the inheritor of the Earth?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#108 Share Buybacks and the Contradictions of "Shareholder Capitalism"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
Date: 16 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-16/ibm-tumbles-after-reporting-worst-revenue-17-years-cloud-hits-air-pocket

right after turn of century big cloud operators were assembling their own systems for 1/3rd the cost of brand name systems ... they also started doing detailed analysis of optimized lifetime costs of lots of different components. also system costs were so dramatically reduced that other costs were becoming more significant ... lots of automation, claiming typical large cloud megadatacenter with half million or more blade systems run with 80-120 people. Because systems & other costs had dropped so dramatically, electricity and cooling were starting to dominate ... they started pressuring chip makers for chips that highly optimized electricity & cooling per computation.

Also with system costs so dramatically dropping, they could enormously over provision for elastic "ondemand" (as long as power consumption drops to zero while idle ... and then be instant on when needed). About the time IBM sold off its server business ... the server chip makers were saying that they were shipping over half their product directly to large cloud megadatacenters (many of these chips had custom modifications to megadatacenter specs). Other parts of dataprocessing market was becoming more static, while the large cloud megadatacenter market was expanding ... but established players have extreme price/performance optimization (for long time IBM viewed computers as profit, while all the major cloud players view it as cost)

posts referring to cloud megadatacenters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#78 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#122 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#16 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#20 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#28 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#13 Intel Confirms Decline of Server Giants HP, Dell, and IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#58 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#91 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#12 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#21 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#45 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#60 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#50 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#33 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#71 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#108 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#53 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#20 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#24 IBM Opens New SoftLayer Data Center In Hong Kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#46 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#87 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#2 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#93 Google joins Facebook's game-changing project that's eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actually emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#89 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#61 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#47 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#48 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#55 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#57 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#60 Why Can't You Buy z Mainframe Services from Amazon Cloud Services?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#21 History of Mainframe Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#6 How do BIG WEBSITES work?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#6 ComputerWorld Says: Cobol plays major role in U.S. government breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#40 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#48 360 announce day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#57 What are mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#94 Migration off Mainframe to other platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#9 The Mainframe vs. the Server Farm: A Comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#86 IBM Train Wreck Continues Ahead of Earnings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#89 z14 and zBX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#73 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#30 Converting programs to accommodate 8-character userids and prefixes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#47 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#36 When did the home computer die?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#46 VSE timeline [was: RE: VSAM usage for ancient disk models]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#104 AW: mainframe distribution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#24 Old word processors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#46 Slashdot: Business under-investing in I.T
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#106 Has Microsoft commuted suicide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#4 MORGAN STANLEY: Tech giants are investing way more 'aggressively' in data centers than anyone thought, and it's driving double-digit growth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#27 The Medici Effect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#96 The (broken) economics of OSS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#14 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#16 IBM Z and cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#21 IBM today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#111 Online Timsharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#7 10 Years With Tux
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#46 IBM Mainframe Z14

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive
Date: 17 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Government is Hard at Work Keeping Tax Preparation Complicated and Expensive
https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/04/15/the-government-is-hard-at-work-keeping-tax-preparation-complicated-and-expensive/
If passed by Congress and signed into law, it would become illegal for the IRS to "compete" with private sector tax preparation services like H&R Block and Intuit (the owners of TurboTax) by allowing taxpayers to skip those middlemen.
... snip ...

2008 there had been national TV broadcast of economic conference roundtable on "flat tax" ... eliminating *ALL* loopholes. Scenario was that it costs the country 3% of GDP paying tax preparers to deal with the loopholes and 3% of GDP in non-optimal business practices to conform with loopholes ... whatever "beneficial" loopholes might be eliminated, it would be more than gained back with the 6% in GDP. There were jokes about the accounting and tax preparing industry were heavily lobbying against the proposal ... as well as country of Ireland (major beneficiary of tax loophole allowing hiding revenue in offshore tax havens).

There were then articles that congress is most corrupt institution on earth ... primarily for the selling of tax loopholes to special interests ... and paying congress for tax loopholes has one of the highest ROIs, getting $1000 for every $1 spent on congress (for every billion spent on congress returns a trillion for the corporations and special interests).

Twice as many companies paying zero taxes under Trump tax plan
https://www.nbcnews.com/business/taxes/twice-many-companies-paying-zero-taxes-under-trump-tax-plan-n993046
You paid taxes. These corporations didn't.
https://publicintegrity.org/business/taxes/trumps-tax-cuts/you-paid-taxes-these-corporations-didnt/

& related, year-old tax loopholes post
https://apps.publicintegrity.org/tax-breaks-the-favored-few/

tax fraud, tax avoidance, tax evasion, tax havens posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

flat tax posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#39 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#88 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#14 Rare Apple I computer sells for $216,000 in London
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#20 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#80 A Close Look at the Perry Tax Plan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#4 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#14 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#70 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#79 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#80 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#33 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#57 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#14 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#3 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#1 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#133 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#52 Report: Tax Evasion, Avoidance Costs United States $100 Billion A Year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#48 These are the companies abandoning the U.S. to dodge taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#80 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#96 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#10 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#13 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#13 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#18 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#65 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#41 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#41 Profitable Companies, No Taxes: Here's How They Did It
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#4 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#71 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#4 Who Is The Smallest Government Spender Since Eisenhower? Would You Believe It's Barack Obama?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#77 U.S. Corporate Tax Reform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#7 Important US technology companies sold to foreigners
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#88 The G.O.P. Tax Cut Is Draining the Treasury Even Faster Than Expected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#88 The Pentagon Can't Account for $21 Trillion (That's Not a Typo)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#55 Most Corrupt Institution on Earth

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
Date: 17 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#64 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket

IBM stock sinks 3% after hours after missing Wall Street expectations on revenue
https://www.businessinsider.com/ibm-earnings-q1-2019
This past quarter, IBM reported a revenue of $18.2 billion, down 4.7% from this time last year. It marks IBM's third straight quarter of declining revenue. However, IBM also posted better-than-expected earnings of $2.25 per share.
... snip ..

i.e. down but apparently less down than expected???

Moving CP67 online use to 7x24 in the 60s (including the two online commercial spin-offs from the science center) did a lot of cloud type activities. There was something of chicken&egg ... needed to be available 7x24 to encourage offshift use (aka "on demand") ... but initially the system would be mostly idle. Partially as a result there was a lot of effort to reduced offshift costs; dark room operation w/o any human present, letting the system meter coast to stop, etc.

IBM use to lease/rent and charge based on time recorded by the system meter which ran whenever the cpu and any channels were busy. Even if CPU was in wait state, the system meter would run if there was any active channel programs. So had to come up with special channel programs that would allow channel to go idle/stop, but instantly wake up to accept any incoming characters. This was even important for internal datacenters being charged "funny money" out of their business unit budget.

trivia: all cpus and channels had to be idle for at least 400ms before the system meter came to a stop. Long after IBM had switched from lease/rent to sales ... the POK favorite son operating system (MVS) still had a timer task that woke up every 400ms (guaranteeing the system meter would never stop, even otherwise idle system).

Mainstream IBM was still myopically focused on computers were profit items ... maximize revenue. Numerous times, people would make snide remarks about improving customer computer efficiency was reducing IBM revenue ... however (IBM user group) SHARE had some number of reports that improving computer cost efficiency, increased use ... and the increased use resulted in increased revenue.

A month after joining IBM, I got a non-IBM, "portable" 2741 at home, replaced a month later with a real IBM 2741 (online at home ever since). Six months later, my manager called me in and said that I accounted for half of all computer use (again even with corporate "funny money", datacenter costs&expenses, still had accounting that charged use to individual users) and could I do anything about it (significant amount was off shift and/or at home) ... I suggested I could work less ... nobody ever mentioned it again.

One of the stumbling blocks was standard IBM systems required enormous amount of customer skilled people for care&feeding. In the late 80s & early 90s, visited some number of customers saying that they were moving off IBM systems. While IBM systems were more expensive and they could be moving to non-IBM purely based on price/performance ... but an increasing important factor was the increasing demand for computer services, they were running into brick wall trying to find the staff & skills to support any increasing number of (IBM) systems ... forcing them to non-IBM systems that they could find needed staff/skills (big difference in care/feeding is measured in numbers of highly skilled per system compared to thousands of systems per person).

It somewhat dates back to big explosion in VM/4341 systems being placed out departmental areas (leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami). Old email somebody nagging me to help Bank America that was planning putting 60 VM/4341s spread around the world ... there were also early customer of SQL/relational System/R implementation (originally done on VM 370/145 in the 70s).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email800311b
then sender of above email, following fall leaves IBM research for tandem and wants to palm off bunch of other stuff on me, DBMS consulting with the IMS group, supporting BofA with System/R, etc.

Note at the same time there was starting to be increasing number of VM/4341s for compute farms, i.e. Jan1979, I got roped into doing benchmarks for national lab that was looking at getting 70 VM/341s for one such compute farm ... leading edge of coming cluster supercomputing tsunami).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790212b
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790220
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#email790226
more archived 4341 email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#4341

decade later I'm working with national lab (LLNL) on 1) helping standardize some serial stuff they are playing with that becomes fibre channel standard 2) scaling up HA/CMP RS/6000 for cluster supercomputer, 3) moving their LINCS filesystem that they did on Cray to HA/CMP. We were also working with RDBMS vendors for scaleup cluster computing ... which may have contributed to (a little over 2 yrs later), cluster scaleup being transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we were told we couldn't work on anything with more than four processors. reference to Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room ... just a couple weeks before the transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
we leave a few months later. Some time later, two of the Oracle people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something they call "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, they had also invented this technology they call "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

Surprisingly how small the community and amount of stuff going on within a few miles. Google is having cluster scaleup issues for their backend servers. They first attempted load balancing distribution with DNS rotating multiple-A record lists. Problem is the DNS records are cached at major points ... which are then static (not constantly rotating). Google then rewrites code in their internet facing routers ... to keep track of load on the backend servers and distribute new incoming requests dynamically based on backend load.

Brewster has moved into Menlo Park (just over the line from Palo Alto; he had been at thinking machines in Cambridge which shuts down) and founds WAIS which he later sells to AOL. He then uses the money to help found the wayback machine. Wayback working with SUN comes up with "instant datacenter" expansion using containers packed with huge number of blades.
https://archive.org/post/238517/new-archive-datacenter-with-sun

trivia: even after we left IBM, we do some consulting for CLaM (which we had contracted to do lots of HA/CMP implementation) ... the science center had moved from 545tech sq down the street to 101 Main ... and when IBM science centers are shut down, CLaM moves into the vacated space. I'm staying at the Sonesta and walking down to 101 Main along the Charles. A couple bldgs before 101 Main, there is worker prying the "Thinking Machines" letters off the front of their bldg and I stop and watch, considering if I might ask the worker for one of the letters.

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
system/r posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Alsid raises $14.7 million to secure your Active Directory installation

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Alsid raises $14.7 million to secure your Active Directory installation
Date: 17 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Alsid raises $14.7 million to secure your Active Directory installation
https://techcrunch.com/2019/04/17/alsid-raises-14-7-million-to-secure-your-active-directory-installation/

with a little IBM history ... 1999 (long after leaving IBM) we are asked to do a year assignment in Seattle area working with various parties in the Seattle area on electronic commerce related projects. One of the companies was a Kerberos security startup ... which then has a CEO that in prior life was head of IBM POK (mainframe) and then head of Boca (PS2, OS2) ... and among other things then has contract with m'soft to do a Kerberos port to windows for what becomes Active Directory.

For some of the electronic security stuff we do big booth & press announcement at DEC1999 annual world wide retail banking conference that includes partners in the seattle area, old archived post with press release
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#224

One of the companies also has joint project with m'soft on retail online banking service that banks can contract for (and be branded with bank logo). M'soft people elect me to explain scaleup issues to head of m'soft and why it can't be done on window servers (and must use SUN servers). The week I'm scheduled to do the presentation, I'm told it won't be needed, some m'soft executives have decided that the online banking workload will be controlled to what can be handled by m'soft servers (avoiding raising the issue with head of m'soft).

other kerberos posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#kerberos
AADS refs/posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#aads

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
Date: 19 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#97 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

From 2yr old "memory", IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
https://www.businessinsider.com/ibm-corporate-america-history-2017-4

In the 80s, Boyd would include in briefings that former military officers were starting to contaminate US corporate culture. The issue was that officers had been indoctrinated in rigid, top-down, command&control with only those at the very top knew what they were doing. However, about the same time, articles were starting to appear that MBAs, with myopic focus on quarterly numbers were starting to destroy US businesses. Then there is this recent article:

Harvard Business School and the Propagation of Immoral Profit Strategies
https://www.newsweek.com/2017/04/14/harvard-business-school-financial-crisis-economics-578378.html

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

... and a little more drift

Harvard Business School and the Propagation of Immoral Profit Strategies
https://www.newsweek.com/2017/04/14/harvard-business-school-financial-crisis-economics-578378.html
Twenty-two percent of the 150 largest public companies in the United States as of 1980 had merged or been acquired by 1988, with another 5 percent taken private. The highly public spectacle of the takeover of RJR Nabisco was an object lesson for all CEOs who weren't used to looking over their shoulders.
... snip ...

AMEX and KKR were in competition for private-equity LBO take-over of RJR and KKR wins
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
Then KKR runs into some problems and hires away the president of AMEX to help with RJR. Then IBM has gone into the red and the board hires away the former AMEX president ... who uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

He then leaves to head up another large private-equity company, which will include buying the beltway bandit that will employ Snowden
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
"Lou Gerstner, former ceo of ibm, now heads the Carlyle Group, a Washington-based global private equity firm whose 2006 revenues of $87 billion were just a few billion below ibm's. Carlyle has boasted George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, and former Secretary of State James Baker III on its employee roster."
... snip ...

hiring lots of prominent politicians to lobby congress on outsourcing government to their companies (gov. agencies can't lobby congress and beltway bandits can't use gov. contract money to lobby congress, but private-equity companies seem to be under no restriction) ... including in gov. intelligence, 70% of budget and half the people
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us
heavily contributing to the rapidly spreading for-profit success of failure culture (make more money off series of failures)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

Private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
AMEX president posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

past posts mentioning Milton Freidman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#16 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#18 Once the dust settles, do you think Milton Friedman's economic theories will be laid to rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#37 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#39 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#44 The human plague
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#11 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#50 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#53 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#54 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#57 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#58 Obama, ACORN, subprimes (Re: Spiders)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#66 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#58 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#8 Top financial firms of US are eyeing on bailout. It implies to me that their "Risk Management Department's" assessment was way below expectations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#32 How Should The Government Spend The $700 Billion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#33 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#59 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#62 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#70 Garbage in, garbage out trampled by Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#63 CROOKS and NANNIES: what would Boyd do?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#25 The recently revealed excesses of John Thain, the former CEO of Merrill Lynch, while the firm was receiving $25 Billion in TARP funds makes me sick
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#57 Credit & Risk Management ... go Simple ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009b.html#80 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#4 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#6 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#8 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#10 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#28 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#53 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#67 How to defeat new telemarketing tactic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#21 The Big Takeover
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#13 UK issues Turning apology (and about time, too)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#49 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#60 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#87 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#11 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#62 The 2010 Census
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#47 "Fraud & Stupidity Look a Lot Alike"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#29 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#33 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#66 No command, and control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#21 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#24 rating agencies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#56 50th anniversary of BASIC, COBOL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#10 Cracking the code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#32 Wall Street Bonuses May Reach Lowest Level in 3 Years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#67 How Economists Contributed to the Financial Crisis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#32 US real-estate has lost $7T in value
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#58 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#64 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#48 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#50 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#51 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#64 IBM Is Changing The Terms Of Its Retirement Plan, Which Is Frustrating Some Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#62 Taleb On "Skin In The Game" And His Disdain For Public Intellectuals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#4 Libor Lies Revealed in Rigging of $300 Trillion Benchmark
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#39 The Alchemy of Securitization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#34 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#44 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#67 Economics Has a Math Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#73 Economists' Tribal Thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#21 How Corrupt Is the American Government
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#72 Five Outdated Leadership Ideas That Need To Die
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#17 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#24 Destruction of the Middle Class
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#26 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#29 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#31 Milton Friedman's Cherished Theory Is Laid to Rest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#34 If economists want to be trusted again, they should learn to tell jokes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#92 Trump's Rollback of the Neoliberal Market State
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#97 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#101 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#102 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#11 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#16 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#17 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#24 Disorder
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#25 Trump to sign cyber security order
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#26 Virtualization's Past Helps Explain Its Current Importance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#0 Locking our own orientation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#67 Economists are arguing over how their profession messed up during the Great Recession. This is what happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#77 Trump delay of the 'fiduciary rule' will cost retirement savers $3.7 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#89 Understanding decisions: The power of combining psychology and economics
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#93 United Air Lines - an OODA-loop perspective
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#96 Cognitive Bias Codex, 2016
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#7 Arthur Laffer's Theory on Tax Cuts Comes to Life Once More
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#44 [CM] cheap money, was What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#96 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#8 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#16 Conservatives and Spending
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#42 MVS vs HASP vs JES (was 2821)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#44 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#45 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#53 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#73 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#6 Mapping the decentralized world of tomorrow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#19 Financial, Healthcare, Construction, Education complexity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#49 Shareholders Ahead Of Employees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#63 Real World OODA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#79 Bad Ideas
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#83 How can we stop algorithms telling lies?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#107 Why IBM Should -- and Shouldn't -- Break Itself Up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#9 Corporate Profit and Taxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#45 "Subprime Is Contained" (& Other Evidence That "They Really Don't Know What They're Doing")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#60 Pareto efficiency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#92 'X' Marks the Spot Where Inequality Took Root: Dig Here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#116 The Real Reason Wages Have Stagnated: Our Economy Is Optimized For Financialization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#13 Merchants of Doubt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#47 Retirement Heist: How Firms Plunder Workers' Nest Eggs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#55 How Economists Turned Corporations into Predators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#60 When Working From Home Doesn't Work
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#70 Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Richard Thaler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#84 "Worse Than Big Tobacco": How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#63 Sugar Industry Long Downplayed Potential Harms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#25 Trump's Infrastructure Plan Is Actually Pence's--And It's All About Privatization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#44 Predicting the future in five years as seen from 1983
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#82 The Real Reason the Investor Class Hates Pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#87 Where Is Everyone???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#114 Chevron's lawyer, speaking for major oil companies, says climate change is real and it's your fault
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#81 What Lies Beyond Capitalism And Socialism?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#83 Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#115 Economists Should Stop Defending Milton Friedman's Pseudo-science
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#30 Scientists Just Laid Out Paths to Solve Climate Change. We Aren't on Track to Do Any of Them
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#107 Politicians have caused a pay 'collapse' for the bottom 90 percent of workers, researchers say
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#117 What Minimum-Wage Foes Got Wrong About Seattle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
Date: 19 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-04-18/defense-data-breaches-pentagon-must-hold-contractors-accountable
China's Theft & Espionage: What Must Be Done; Screening Chinese students and academics isn't the solution when less than one percent of them are bad actors. So what will work?
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/04/chinas-theft-espionage-what-must-be-done/

our military networks leak like sieve, adversaries dance through them, snarfing up detailed designs of nearly all major weapon systems

Chinese Hackers Stole Boeing, Lockheed Military Plane Secrets: Feds
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/chinese-hackers-stole-boeing-lockheed-military-plane-secrets-feds-n153951
Report: China gained U.S. weapons secrets using cyberespionage
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/28/world/asia/china-cyberespionage/
Confidential report lists U.S. weapons system designs compromised by Chinese cyberspies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/confidential-report-lists-us-weapons-system-designs-compromised-by-chinese-cyberspies/2013/05/27/a42c3e1c-c2dd-11e2-8c3b-0b5e9247e8ca_story.html
REPORT: Chinese Hackers Stole Plans For Dozens Of Critical US Weapons Systems
http://www.businessinsider.com/china-hacked-us-military-weapons-systems-2013-5
A list of the U.S. weapons designs and technologies compromised by hackers
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-list-of-the-us-weapons-designs-and-technologies-compromised-by-hackers/2013/05/27/a95b2b12-c483-11e2-9fe2-6ee52d0eb7c1_story.html

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

cyberdumb posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#4 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#8 Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#19 Does Cybercrime Really Cost $1 Trillion?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#20 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#91 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#95 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#104 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#0 Snowden
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#28 China's spies gain valuable US defense technology: report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#15 China's claim it has 'quantum' radar may leave $17 billion F-35 naked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#34 CBS News: WikiLeaks claims to release thousands of CIA documents of computer activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#47 WikiLeaks CIA Dump: Washington's Data Security Is a Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#50 A flaw in the design; The Internet's founders saw its promise but didn't foresee users attacking one another
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#73 More Cyberdumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#77 Time to sack the chief of computing in the NHS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#78 This Afghan War Plan By The Guy Who Founded Blackwater Should Scare The Hell Out Of You
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#51 Russian Hackers Stole NSA Data on U.S. Cyber Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#56 China's mega fortress in Djibouti could be model for its bases in Pakistan
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#86 Lawmakers to Military: Don't Buy Another 'Money Pit' Like F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#26 DoD watchdog: Air Force failed to effectively manage F-22 modernization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#60 11 crazy up-close photos of the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jet soaring through the air
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#100 US Navy Contractors Hacked by China "More Than A Handful Of Times"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#22 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#27 The American Military Sucks at Cybersecurity; A new report from US military watchdogs outlines hundreds of cybersecurity vulnerabilities

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call
Date: 19 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Contractors Are Giving Away America's Military Edge; Mueller report finds that in July 2016, after then-candidate Donald Trump publicly called for Russia to "find the 30,000 emails," Russian agents targeted Hillary Clinton's personal office with cyberattacks.
https://www.darkreading.com/risk/russia-hacked-clintons-computers-five-hours-after-trumps-call/d/d-id/1334484
As Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, Clinton used a personal e-mail server to a much greater extent than her predecessors. In 2013, a hacker known as "Guccifer" -- whose handle would later be used as an alias for Russian intelligence operations -- compromised the e-mail account of Sidney Blumenthal, an adviser to both Secretaries of State Colin Powell and Clinton, and publicly revealed Clinton's personal e-mail server.
... snip ...

email issue started with Ollie & IBM PROFS in the 80s, didn't realize that copies were on backup tapes. Then in the mid-90s, the first lady's assistant fiddles the backup process and 20,000 to 1,000,000 emails were lost. Then the gov strengthens email backup process. The following administration just after the turn of century, (as countermeasure) started using non-gov servers, lost 20million to 100million emails. Then this decade, the former first lady, could no longer fiddle backups and example from previous administration was using non-gov servers, lost 30,000(?) emails.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#10 Deleting files and emails at Arthur Andersen and Enron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#46 Whitehouse Emails Were Lost Due to "Upgrade"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#87 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#97 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#59 FW: Mysterious Email (original had no subject)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#28 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#18 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#21 FBI Rewrites Federal Law to Let Hillary Off the Hook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#36 Whitehouse EMAIL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#25 How the U.S. Hobbled Its Hacking Case Against Russia and Enabled Truthers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#67 Trump White House Senior Staff Have Private RNC Email Accounts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#41 Iran/Contra and Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#34 The First E-mail Scandal, Long Before Hillary Clinton: Iran/Contra
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#91 Having learned 20yrs earlier, and both Bush1 & Bush2 as example, move to non-gov email servers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#105 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
Date: 19 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#97 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

The article mentions the benefits of transcontinental railroads ... but fails to refer to the enormous fraud, Railroad hyperbole echoes all the way down to the dot-com frenzy
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
and Railroaded
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U
pg77/pg1984-86:
By the end of the summer of 1873 the western railroads had, within the span of two years, ended the Indian treaty system in the United States, brought down a Canadian government, and nearly paralyzed the U.S. Congress. The greatest blow remained to be delivered. The railroads were about to bring down the North American economy.

pg510/loc10030-33:
The result was not only unneeded railroads whose effects were as often bad as beneficial but also corruption of the markets and the government. The men who directed this capital were frequently not themselves capitalists. They were entrepreneurs who borrowed money or collected subsidies. These entrepreneurs did not invent the railroad, but they were inventing corporations, railroad systems, and new forms of competition. Those things yielded both personal wealth and social disasters. pg515/loc10118-22:
The need to invest capital and labor in large amounts to maintain and upgrade what had already been built was one debt owed to the past, but the second one was what Charles Francis Adams in his days as a reformer referred to as a tax on trade. All of the watered stock, money siphoned off into private pockets, waste, and fraud that characterized the building of the railroads created a corporate debt that had to be paid through higher rates and scrimping on service. A shipper in 1885 was still paying for the frauds of the 1860s.
... snip ...

The railroad corruption also behind scamming the supreme court to get corporations considered as people under the constitution.
https://www.amazon.com/We-Corporations-American-Businesses-Rights-ebook/dp/B01M64LRDJ/
pgxiii/loc45-50:
IN DECEMBER 1882, ROSCOE CONKLING, A FORMER SENATOR and close confidant of President Chester Arthur, appeared before the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States to argue that corporations like his client, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, were entitled to equal rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Although that provision of the Constitution said that no state shall "deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" or "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws," Conkling insisted the amendment's drafters intended to cover business corporations too.

pgxiii/loc50-53:
Laws that referred to "persons" have "by long and constant acceptance . . . been held to embrace artificial persons as well as natural persons," Conkling explained. This long-standing practice was well known to "the men who framed, the Congress which proposed, and the people who through their Legislatures ratified the Fourteenth Amendment."

pgxiii/loc53-56:
Conkling's claim was remarkable. The Fourteenth Amendment had been adopted after the Civil War to guarantee the rights of the freed slaves, not to protect corporations. Conkling, however, had unusual credibility with the justices. For two decades, he had been the leader of the Republican Party in Congress and was often said to be the most powerful man in Washington. He had twice been nominated to the Supreme Court himself, most recently in the spring of the same year he appeared on behalf of the Southern Pacific Railroad.

pgxiv/loc67-69:
There was just one small problem with Conkling's account of the drafting of the Fourteenth Amendment: it was not true. The drafters of the Fourteenth Amendment did not try to secret into the Constitution broad new protections for corporations, nor was the wording of the amendment ever altered in the way Conkling suggested.
... snip ...

'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/03/corporations-people-adam-winkler/554852/

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#57 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#62 Railroaded
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#76 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#1 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#73 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#39 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#42 Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#52 We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#72 Top CEOs' compensation increased 17.6 percent in 2017
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
Date: 21 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#90 Old hardware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#97 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

Stockman (Reagan's budget director in the 80s) comments that Stock Buybacks is mini-form of PE LBOs, heavily loading up on debt; last oct ... still doing financial engineering buybacks ... but will shift focus needing debt for redhat purchase.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/ibm-to-buy-back-up-to-4-billion-of-its-own-shares
some more about IBM stock buyback machine, EPS, and growing debt.
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4170664-ibm-deceiving-dividend

Stockman in "The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America"
https://www.amazon.com/Great-Deformation-Corruption-Capitalism-America-ebook/dp/B00B3M3UK6/
pg464/loc9995-10000:
IBM was not the born-again growth machine trumpeted by the mob of Wall Street momo traders. It was actually a stock buyback contraption on steroids. During the five years ending in fiscal 2011, the company spent a staggering $67 billion repurchasing its own shares, a figure that was equal to 100 percent of its net income.

pg465/10014-17:
Total shareholder distributions, including dividends, amounted to $82 billion, or 122 percent, of net income over this five-year period. Likewise, during the last five years IBM spent less on capital investment than its depreciation and amortization charges, and also shrank its constant dollar spending for research and development by nearly 2 percent annually.
... snip ...

The 80s had the confluence with several growing factors going on with financial deregulation (financial engineering)

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family (Neil)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another (Jeb)
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

The Ugly Truth Behind Stock Buybacks
https://www.forbes.com/sites/aalsin/2017/02/28/shareholders-should-be-required-to-vote-on-stock-buybacks/
For most of the 20th century, stock buybacks were deemed illegal because they were thought to be a form of stock market manipulation. But since 1982, when they were essentially legalized by the SEC, buybacks have become perhaps the most popular financial engineering tool in the C-Suite tool shed.
... snip ...

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises, proportionally there should be 70,000 convictions (with jailtime). Disclaimer: 1999 I was ask to help try and prevent the coming "economic mess" (we failed). I was told that some investment bankers had walked away "clean" from the S&L crises, were then running Internet IPO mills (invest a few million, hype, IPO for a few billion, should fail, so field is left for next round) and were predicted to get into securitized mortgages again.

In the late 70s & early 80s, I was blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network. Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. This was also about the time that I sponsored Boyd's briefings at IBM (where he would comment that former military officers steeped in rigid, heavy-weight, top-down command&control with only those at the top knew what they were doing, were starting to corrupt US Corporate culture). As I've mentioned this was aslo about the same time articles started appearing that MBAs were destroying US corporations with their myopic focus on short term results. That MBA culture also got discussion in the "Tandem Memos" (some of the online discussion) ... from IBMJargon:
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
stock buyback posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#stock.buyback
private-equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Brawl in IBM 1964

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The Brawl in IBM 1964
Date: 21 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
The Brawl in IBM 1964
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514/
Two mid air collisions 1956 and 1960 make this FAA procurement special. The computer selected will be in the critical loop of making sure that there are no more mid-air collisions. Many in IBM want to not bid. A marketing manager with but 7 years in IBM and less than one year as a manager is the proposal manager. IBM is in midstep in coming up with the new line of computers - the 360. Chaos sucks into the fray many executives- especially the next chairman, and also the IBM president. A fire house in Poughkeepsie N Y is home to the technical and marketing team for 60 very cold and long days. Finance and legal get into the fray after that.

Joe Fox had a 44 year career in the computer business- and was a vice president in charge of 5000 people for 7 years in the federal division of IBM. He then spent 21 years as founder and chairman of a software corporation. He started the 3 person company in the Washington D. C. area. He took it public as Template Software in 1995, and sold it and retired in 1999. With 34 years of management, his enumeration and depiction of the talents and traits that are to be recognized and rewarded at all levels of management merit perusal - and even study. He is also the author of Software and its Development published by Prentice Hall in 1982, and two paperbacks, What If in 1979 and Trapped in the Organization in 1980, both published by Price Stern Sloan. His software book was translated into Russian, and his Executive Qualities was translated into Spanish. Joe Fox grew up in Brooklyn N.Y., graduated from St. John's University in Queens, N.Y. with a degree in Mathematics, and joined IBM in 1956. Twenty years later, still in IBM, he had his book Executive Qualities published by Addison Wesley in 1976. IBM, not mentioned nor identified in the book, did not see it before publication. IBM was not identified as the venue for the management ideas and concepts. After 9 printings, the publisher discontinued the book, but it still sells in book form on the Amazon used book service. Mr. Fox frequently presented the traits, talents, trials and tribulations detailed in his Executive Qualities book several times at IBM's Sands Point executive month-long training, and at CIA management meetings in Langley, Virginia. Mr. Fox chaired several committees for DOD during his career.

... snip ...

Anybody read this? I don't remember running into Joe in IBM ... but after leaving IBM and working in financial industry ... we had a big contract with Template and spent lots of time with Joe and some other former IBMers. The Amazon reviews has some mention of this 2nd part.
https://www.sebokwiki.org/wiki/Federal_Aviation_Administration_(FAA)_Advanced_Automation_System_(AAS)

However, before leaving IBM, while we were doing HA/CMP product (studying how things fail) ... and got brought in to see some of AAS (and how not to do something).

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why the Infamous Trump Tower Meeting Didn't Take Down Trump

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why the Infamous Trump Tower Meeting Didn't Take Down Trump
Date: 21 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why the Infamous Trump Tower Meeting Didn't Take Down Trump
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/why-infamous-trump-tower-meeting-122848546.html
Why the Infamous Trump Tower Meeting Didn't Take Down Trump
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-20/why-the-infamous-trump-tower-meeting-didn-t-take-down-trump
Why the Infamous Trump Tower Meeting Didn't Take Down Trump
http://fortune.com/2019/04/20/trump-tower-meeting-mueller/

What Mueller Found on Russia and on Obstruction: A First Analysis
https://www.lawfareblog.com/what-mueller-found-russia-and-obstruction-first-analysis
Trump Tower meeting
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trump_Tower_meeting

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#32 12 Russian Agents Indicted in Mueller Investigation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#10 Employees Come First
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#70 Russia Hacked Clinton's Computers Five Hours After Trump's Call

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM downturn
Date: 22 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
The planned 80s growth included a lot of fast path MBAs, being quickly rotated through various business units ... to the detriment of those units.

Communication group severely kneecapped 16mbit token-ring ... part of trying to preserve their dumb terminal install base and paradigm (>300 stations per LAN doing dumb terminal emulation). AWD had done a custom AT-bus 4mbit token-ring card for PC/RT. However AWD was forced to use standard corporate microchannel 16mbit token-ring cards for RS/6000... however they found that the PC/RT 4mbit T/R card had higher per card throughput than the microchannel 16mbit T/R card.

At the same time, new Almaden bldg had been heavily provisioned with CAT5 assuming 16mbit T/R. However, they found that $69 enet cards over CAT5 had higher per card throughput than $899 16mbit T/R cards, and 10mbit cat5 enet LANs had higher aggregate throughput and lower latency than 16mbit T/R lans.

Late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal, annual, world-wide communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with its corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and was fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

dumb terminal paradigm posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
801, risc, iliad, romp, rios, pc/rt, rs/6000, power, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

Somewhat as countermeasure, while any IBM logo'ed distributed computing product would be constantly veto'ed by communication, Adstar would invest in startups that were doing distributed products that supported mainframe disk farms. The executive responsible asked us for help with several of those investments.

Mid-80s, the father of risc had this idea for a disk "wide-head" that read/write 16 data tracks in parallel ... with servo tracks on both sides that it followed ... increasing disk capacity (original 3380 had 20 track spacings between each data track, wide-head flew lower with adjacent data tracks) and transfer rate. One problem was that it would have 50mbyte/sec transfer ... and IBM didn't have computer system that supported that rate ... even ESCON in the 90s was only 17mbyte/sec (half-duplex).

Another was all disk technology was moving to fixed-block ... lots of reasons, including high-speed error correcting based on fixed blocks. I've recently posted old email (in this group) about difficulty coming up with CKD emulation for fixed-block disks.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#email911230

Disk division was being crippled by communication group blocking any move into distributed computing market and crippled by mainframe channel not keeping up with state of the art and POK favorite son operating system unable to wean off CKD DASD (still required, decades after the last real CKD)

CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM downturn

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM downturn
Date: 22 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#75 IBM downturn

Doing project with T1 & faster speed links ... and 1st half of 80s was working with NSF director and suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers ... then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and they eventually release RFP ... copy of preliminary announce archived here:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries to help by writing the company a letter, but that just makes the internal politics worse. As regional networks connect into the centers, it grows into the NSFNET backbone (precursor to the modern internet)
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

Internally there was increasing amounts of (SNA/VTAM & other) misinformation (about using for NSF). Somebody collected much of that internal misinformation email and forwarded it to us ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guility (including people later involved in Academy of Technology).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

Later we are doing HA/CMP scaleup, working with both national labs (scientific/technical) and RDBMS vendors (commercial). Some of it also mentioned in this email about using platform for raid, caching, CKD emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#email911230

A couple weeks later we have meeting in Ellisons conference room on 128-way cluster scaleup by ye1992 ... old reference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13

Another couple weeks and HA/CMP cluster scaleup is transferred (several people involved had also been involved in prevented us earlier bidding on NSF), announced as IBM supercomputer (for scientific/technical *ONLY*), and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors (we leave a few months later).

ha/cmp posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM downturn

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM downturn
Date: 22 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#75 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#76 IBM downturn

other trivia: in the wake of future system failure (during FS period, 370 efforts were being killed off, FS was completely different from 370 and plan was that it would completely replace 370, lack of 370 products also credited with giving clone 370 makers market foothold, aslo IBM marketing/sales had to really scramble to try and compensate for lack of products), there was mad rush to try and get products back into the 370 pipeline, kicking of (quick & dirty) 3033 in parallel with 3081 ... more information here:
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

as part of that, the head of POK convinced corporate to kill the VM370 product, shutdown the VM370 development group, and transfer all the people to POK to work on MVS/XA ... or otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time some 7-8yrs later. The plan was to not inform VM370 of their transfer until the very last moment to minimize the number of people that might escape ... the information leaked early and there was a witch hunt to find the leaker. There was also joke that head of POK was one of the largest contributors to DEC VAX/VMS (for all the VM370 people that managed to escape to the band new VAX/VMS project).

eventually Endicott managed to save the VM370 product mission (for mid-range computing, eventually the huge numbers of distributed VM/4300s), but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. Note TYMSHARE had started providing its CMS-based online computer conferencing service free to the (IBM user group) SHARE in Aug1976 and there were lots of comments about VM370 code quality during this period ... archives here

http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare marist has restored vmshare home page, but discussions still 404, however, lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20150912012745/http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

However, POK through the early to mid 80s, was also periodically telling the HONE (world-wide sales&market online support system) organization that VM370 was being dropped for high-end POK machines. HONE would then escalate and then somebody in POK would have to walk back the statements (one of my hobbies after joining IBM was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and HONE was long time customer, so I was kept in tight loop with what was happening at HONE).

HONE posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Some of the former development group (in POK) did do the VMTOOL, a virtual machine facility that was specifically tailored to MVS/XA development and was never intended for customer release. Later when customers weren't migrating to MVS/XA as planned, POK did do release a version of the VMTOOL as the migration aid, specifically allowing customers to concurrently run MVS and MVS/XA. At some point, politics in POK proposed an enormous VM/XA development group (in Kingston) needed to bring the VMTOOL up to the feature, function, and performance level of VM/370. Endicott countered with a VM/370 that was done by programmer in Rochester that added full function 370/XA support. For whatever reason, POK politics prevailed. some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860122
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#email860123

long winded post discussing vmtool, performance, as well as SIE implementation difference in 3081 & 3090 (original SIE microcode in 3081 was purely for MVS/XA development and performance wasn't consideration, as a result executing SIE microcode required "paging" microcode in the limited 3081 microcode space, which had enormous impact on performance).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#114

other recent SIE:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
Date: 22 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#64 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#66 IBM Tumbles After Reporting Worst Revenue In 17 Years As Cloud Hits Air Pocket

Head of POK managed to convince corporate to kill VM370 product, shutdown the development group, and all the people moved to POK to support MVS/XA development (with claims that otherwise MVS/XA wouldn't ship on time) ... Endicott eventually managed to save the VM370 product mission, but had to reconstitute a development group from scratch. POK did do a XA virtual machine platform for MVS/XA development (with some SIE microcode for 3081) ... that was never intended for product release. However, later customers weren't converting to MVS/XA as planned, and they would ship the internal tool as VM/SF & VM/MA (aka migration aid). The 3081 was one of the quick&dirty efforts started after failure of "Future System" ... used some warmed over technology
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

and SIE was never really intended for production use, part of the issue was there wasn't enough microcode memory ... so invoking SIE required "paging microcode" ... wasn't too bad with just switching between MVS & MVS/XA a few times a second ... but could get into situation where 3081 was spending more time paging SIE microcode.

It wasn't until get to 3090 when you get to SIE implementation for production use. I was allowed to give presentations on how we did the Endicott ECPS microcode assist ... reference to studies for original selection:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#21
at monthly user group meetings. The Amdahl people would corner me for long discussions about the "HYPERVISOR" they were working on (long before IBM's PR/SM finally came out for 3090 ... which effectively was built expansion SIE). This is old email about the 3090 "SIE" was actually built for production use (1.5 &/or trout 1.5 was code name for 3090):
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#email810630
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003j.html#email831118
SIE still expensive for 3090 (but at least didn't have to page the microcode)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007c.html#email860121
other recent SIE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn

Part of the Amdahl hypervisor versus IBM PR/SM was that IBM was constantly coming out with lots of microcode tweaks which would be required by the latest operating system release. High-end horizontal microcode development was very expensive process ... so Amdahl in the very early 80s came out with "macrocode", something that looked like 370 instructions, but operated like microcode, enormously reducing the microcode development effort ... simplifying tracking the plethora of IBM trivial microcode changes as well making developing HYPERVISOR enormously easier (than the corresponding effort for doing PR/SM on 3090).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM downturn

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM downturn
Date: 24 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#75 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#76 IBM downturn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn

As Raleigh projects became less & less competitive, they resorted to increasing amounts of internal misinformation

In early 80s started project I called HSDT (high speed data transport) dealing with T1 and faster speed links. Mid-80s, was having some equipment built on the other side of the pacific, and friday before leave for trip, got announcement from Raleigh for a new online discussion forum on "high speed" with the following definitions:


low-speed <9.6kbits
medium-speed 19.2kbits
high-speed 56kbits
very high-speed 1.5mbits

Monday morning on wall of conference room on the other side of the pacific

low-speed <20mbits
medium-speed 100mbits
high-speed 200-300mbits
very high-speed >600mbits

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

About the same time, possibly because they had no product that supported more than 56kbit, Raleigh did presentation for corporate executive committee that customers didn't need T1 support before sometime in mid-90s ... using statistics from customer 37x5 "fat-pipe" ... multiple parallel 56kbit treated as single logical link, showing that by 5 or 6 (parallel 56kbit) links, customer installations dropped to zero. What they didn't know ... or just didn't bother to mention, was typical telco tariff for five 56kbit links was about the same as single T1 link. We did trivial survey, finding 200 customers with T1 links with non-IBM controllers.

I periodically post, late 80s, senior disk engineer got a talk scheduled at internal, annual, world-wide communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened the talk that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with its corporate strategic ownership of everything that crossed the datacenter walls and was fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve their (emulated) dumb terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the mainframe datacenters to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions, but they were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

Communication group can veto IBM-logo'ed products (that "cross" the datacenter wall), so a disk division executive starts investing in startups what would support high-speed distributed computing involving mainframe datacenters & disks (and we get asked to help these startups where we could).

dumb terminal emulation posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

AWD had done their own 4mbit T/R card for AT-bus on PC/RT. However, for RS/6000 microchannel, AWD was forced to use standard PS2 microchannel cards .... including the 16mbit T/R card. Communication group had design point for 16mbit T/R cards for hundreds on the same LAN restricted doing dumb terminal emulation ... and so the 16mbit T/R had significantly restricted per card throughput (lower than the PC/RT 4mbit T/R card, aka a PC/RT server with 4mbit T/R card could have higher throughput than a RS/6000 server with 16mbit T/R card). By comparison, $69 vendor Ethernet cards had >8mbit sustained throughput (much, much better than the $899 16mbit T/R card)

Joke was that RS/6000 restricted to PS2 microchannel cards met that they wouldn't have any better throughput than PS2. Folklore is that was the justification for RS/6000 M730 ... technical solution to internal politics, a 6000 with VMEbus ... and could use industry standard high-speed VMEbus cards (wasn't allowed to have high-speed microchannel cards).

801/risc, iliad, romp, rios, power, power/pc, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#801

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: TCM
Date: 26 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
During Future System project, internal politics was killing off 370 efforts ... then with FS imploding, there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline, ... including kicking off 3033 & 3081 in parallel, 3033 started out as 168-3 logic remapped to 20% faster chips, and 3081 was some other warmed over FS technology. future system posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

FE had bootstrap field maintenance process starting with scoping components. 3081 put components in TCM ... was no long able to scope ... so added "service processor", a UC processor (low end processor used by lot of communication group products) with lots of connections into TCM (and all specialized from scratch software). The UC processor could be "scopped" (& repaired/replaced, used 3310 FBA for disk), which then could be used to diagnose the TCMs. For 3090, it started out with 4331 (which could be scoped) running a modified version of VM370 release 6 for service/diagnostics (all screens written in CMS IOS3270 & using 3370 FBA disks) ... upgraded to a pair of redundant 4361s (referred to as 3092).

Some bean counters in disk division decided that 3880 disk controller should use slow speed JIB-prime processor. 3090s were configured (including number of channels) to give balanced throughput ... assuming that 3880 was faster than previous 3830 ... but it turns out that 3880 had special hardware path for 3mbyte transfer, but everything else was handled by JIB-prime ... which significantly drove up channel busy. 3090 realized to achieve target throughput it needed a big increase in number of channels ... which then required adding a TCM (at significant manufacturing cost). 3090 semi-facetiously were claiming they would charge off the (TCM) increase in 3090 cost to the 3880 group. Marketing eventually respun the huge increase in number of channels was for significant increase in I/O throughput (when it really was to offset the huge increase in 3880 busy overhead, fewer I/Os per channel because 3880 channel busy overhead, so needed more channels to achieve target I/O throughput).

3081 was not just slower chips ... but also enormously more circuits ... major reason that it needed TCM to cool all the extra circuits.
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm
The 370 emulator minus the FS microcode was eventually sold in 1980 as as the IBM 3081. The ratio of the amount of circuitry in the 3081 to its performance was significantly worse than other IBM systems of the time; its price/performance ratio wasn't quite so bad because IBM had to cut the price to be competitive. The major competition at the time was from Amdahl Systems -- a company founded by Gene Amdahl, who left IBM shortly before the FS project began, when his plans for the Advanced Computer System (ACS) were killed. The Amdahl machine was indeed superior to the 3081 in price/performance and spectaculary superior in terms of performance compared to the amount of circuitry.]
... snip ...

recent posts mentioning TCMs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#0 Intrigued by IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#30 Bottlenecks and Capacity planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#48 IPCS, DUMPRX, 3092, EREP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#71 PDP 11/40 system manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#51 3090/3880 trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#76 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#79 How many years ago?

End of ACS/360, IBM executives were so concerned that ACS/360 would advance the state-of-the art so fast that they would loose control of the market, so Amdahl shuts it down and leaves IBM not long after. Article lists ACS/360 features that show up in ES/9000 more than 20yrs later.
https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/acs_end.html

trivia: For much of my time at IBM, I was told I had no career, no promotions, etc ... one of the earliest involved possibly the largest financial customer on the east coast (large "football fields" of IBM mainframes), the datacenter manager liked me to drop by periodcially and talk technology. At some point the branch manager horribly offended the customer and to teach IBM a lesson they ordered an Amdahl machine (lonely orange box in vast sea of blue, back when Amdahl was selling scientific/technical & univ. customers, but hadn't broken into true blue commercial market). I was asked to go onsite for a year to help provide smokescreen for why customer ordered Amdahl box. I couldn't see any point. I was told the branch manager was good sailing buddy of IBM CEO, and if I didn't, I could forget career and promotions. Note IBM became well known for FUD (fear, uncertainty and doubt) marketing, really sharpened during FS period when 370 projects were being shut down and lack of 370 products during the FS period is credited with giving clone makers (Amdahl, Hitachi, etc) market foothold ... and then continued during the quick&dirty 3033 & 3081 period.

Note: original two processor 3081D claimed 10MIPS ... but lots of benchmarks showed it didn't beat 3033MP ... so they doubled cache size for 3081K and claimed 14MIPS ... but those same benchmarks showed it was only getting slightly better than 3033MP

3081 was originally intended to be multiprocessor only box. However, at the time ACP/TPF (airline control program) didn't have multiprocessor support. Clone makers were still producing newer & faster single processor boxes and IBM was afraid that the whole ACP/TPF customer market would move to clone systems. As temporary stopgap, they did horribly unnatural things to VM370 to improve virtual ACP/TPF throughput on 3081 (but significantly degraded multiprocessor throughput for all other customeres) ... while they came out with single processor 3083 ... easiest would have been to simply remove processor1, leaving processor0 which was at the top of the box and would have made it dangersouly top heavy (so had to rewire to move processor0 to middle of box) However, single processor 3083 still compared very unfavorably with clone makers ... as part of trying to juice up 3083 for ACP/TPF ... there was special ACP/TPF microcode that mostly targeted at trying to improve ACP/TPF I/O throughput that was marketed as 9083.

SMP, multiprocessor (and/or compare&swap) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

Most VM370 multiprocessor customers saw at least ten percent throughput degradation with the VM370 ACP/TPF "enhancements". One was long time major gov. customer dating back to CP67 in the 60s. At that time, I was undergraduate and rewritting lots of CP67 ... I didn't know about them at the time, but I would get suggestions from IBM for CP67 improvements ... and looking back, some of the suggestions may have originated from those customers). gov. reference gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml
old email about 3-letter gov. agency troubles with the ACP/TPF changes (which continued long after 3083/9083 was available)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#email830420
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#email840618
more discussion in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#5
one of the agencies was active SHARE member with installation code "CAD" (claims stood for "cloak and dagger") ... and also participated in online discussion VMSHARE ... TYMSHARE made available to SHARE for free starting in AUG1976 .... archives at Marist have been having some problems ... but still lives free at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20150912012745/http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

other recent posts mentioning VMSHARE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#21 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#24 Online Computer Conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#54 Misinformation: anti-vaccine bullshit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#77 IBM downturn

trivia: undergraduate in the 60s I was making lots of OS/360 and CP/67 system enhancements at the university. Before I graduate, I'm hired fulltime into small group in Boeing CFO office to help with the formation of Boeing Computer Services (BCS) ... consolidate all dataprocessing into independent business group (to better monetize the investment, including offering services to non-Boeing entities). Lots of political battles with head of Renton datacenter ... which I thought was the largest IBM datacenter, $200M-$300M (60s dollars) in IBM systems (360/65s arriving faster than they could be installed, boxes constantly staged in hallways around the machine room). When I graduate, instead of staying at Boeing, I join the IBM science center at MIT.

Later in the early 80s, I'm introduced to John Boyd and would sponsor his briefings at IBM. He would talk about being in command of spook base (about the same time I'm at Boeing) and having the largest air conditioned bldg in that part of the world. Later his biographies would claim that "spook base" was a $2.5B "windfall" for IBM (again 60s dollars, ten times renton). some "spook base" refs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Igloo_White
http://web.archive.org/web/20030212092342/http://home.att.net/~c.jeppeson/igloo_white.html

Boyd posts & web URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

past 3083/9083 posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#103 IBM 9020 computers used by FAA (was Re: EPO stories (was: HELP IT'S HOT!!!!!))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#65 oddly portable machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#9 4341 was "Is a VAX a mainframe?"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#69 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#37 John Mashey's greatest hits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#17 I hate Compaq
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002c.html#9 IBM Doesn't Make Small MP's Anymore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#83 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#67 Tweaking old computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#28 TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002p.html#58 AMP vs SMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#30 One Processor is bad?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#45 Saturation Design Point
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#7 Dyadic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#35 Computer-oriented license plates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#44 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#22 The Soul of Barb's New Machine (was Re: creat)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#16 Performance and Capacity Planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005m.html#55 54 Processors?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#44 Intel engineer discusses their dual-core design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#7 Performance of zOS guest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#38 MVCIN instruction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#5 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#30 One or two CPUs - the pros & cons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#16 On the 370/165 and the 360/85
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#44 vm/sp1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#16 What's a CPU second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#37 Each CPU usage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#83 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#40 Fantasy-Land_Hierarchal_NUMA_Memory-Model_on_Vertical
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#14 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#38 American Airlines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#57 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#66 Mainframe articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#68 IT Infrastructure Slideshow: The IBM Mainframe: 50 Years of Big Iron Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#70 Mainframe articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#77 Operating Systems for Virtual Machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#55 IBM halves mainframe Linux engine prices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#65 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#66 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#39 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#70 While watching Biography about Bill Gates on CNBC last Night
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#21 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#14 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#79 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#23 Item on TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#78 IBM to announce new MF's this year
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#20 Personal use z/OS machines was Re: Multiprise 3k for personal Use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#16 Sabre Talk Information?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#19 zLinux OR Linux on zEnterprise Blade Extension???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#49 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#62 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#70 vm/370 3081
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#16 Other early NSFNET backbone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#49 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#60 Dyadic vs AP: Was "CPU utilization/forecasting"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#7 Is the magic and romance killed by Windows (and Linux)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#77 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#84 'smttter IBMdroids
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#115 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#59 Hard Disk Drive Construction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#71 Help with elementary CPU speed question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#59 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#90 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#41 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#37 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#11 Relative price of S/370 AP and MP systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#59 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#56 Early !BM multiprocessors (renamed from Curiosity: TCB mapping macro name - why IKJTCB?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#20 Write Inhibit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#21 Complete 360 and 370 systems found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#49 Beyond the EC12
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#50 Beyond the EC12
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#105 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#99 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#107 crash, restart, and all that, was Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#14 3033 & 3081 question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#91 IBM 4341, introduced in 1979, was 26 times faster than the 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#74 Lineage of TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#81 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#82 DEC and The Americans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#23 IBM's 3033; "The Big One": IBM's 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130 3380 & 3081 history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#20 {wtf} Tymshare SuperBasic Source Code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#84 The ICL 2900
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017c.html#94 GREAT presentation on the history of the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#56 What is the most epic computer glitch you have ever seen?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#33 Bad History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#39 IBM etc I/O channels?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#60 SABRE after the 7090
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#62 The IRS Really Needs Some New Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#77 How many years ago?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#22 Online Computer Conferencing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
Date: 26 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/25/business/china-belt-and-road-infrastructure.html

and US had its transcontinental railroad
http://phys.org/news/2012-01-railroad-hyperbole-echoes-dot-com-frenzy.html
https://www.amazon.com/Railroaded-Transcontinentals-Making-America-ebook/dp/B0051GST1U

recent railroaded posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#8 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#9 England: South Sea Bubble - The Sharp Mind of John Blunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#47 Union Pacific Announces 150th Anniversary Celebration Commemorating Transcontinental Railroad's Completion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#71 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

TCM

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: TCM
Date: 28 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#80 TCM

Early in REX (before name change and ships to customers), I wanted to demonstrate that it wasn't just another pretty shell scripting language. I decided on demonstration to redo IPCS (large mainframe assembler program doing software problem analysis), in REX(X) with ten times the function and ten times the performance (slight of hand to have interpeted REX beat assembler), taking half time over three months (I finished early so started doing library of automated problem signature analysis). I had thot it be released to customers in place of the assembler version, but for some reason it wasn't, even tho it was in use by almost every internal datacenter and PSR. I eventually got approval to give presentations at customer user group conferences on how I did the implementation ... and within a few months, customer implementations started appearing. Old email about the 3092 (3090 service processor) group wanting to ship it as part of doing 3092 service processor analysis.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861031
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#email861223

DUMPRX posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dumprx

mentions 3092 service processor needing two IBM 3370 A2 FBA disks (even for POK favorite son operating systems, which requires CKD disks still, even tho no real CKD disks have been made for decades).
https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PP3090.html

CKD, FBA, multi-track search, etc, disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
Date: 28 Apr 2019
Blog: Facebook
Fareed has Geithner, Poulson, and Bernanke talking about the economic mess and their new (co-authored) book
https://www.amazon.com/Firefighting-Financial-Crisis-Its-Lessons-ebook/dp/B07JYQQY72/

sort of theme that they saved the country from the economic mess ... however Poulson was SECTREAS (and former head of Goldman-Sachs with joke that Treasury was GS's branch office in DC) all during the decade of the economic mess and Geithner was head of NY FED that had direct regulatory responsibility for wallstreet (all during economic mess, then replaced Poulson as SECTREAS). Bernanke was named new FED chairman (replacing Greenspan, mid-way into economic mess).

"Confidence Men" has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

VP and former CIA director repeatedly claims no knowledge of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair because he was
fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

last decade (after turn of century) another family member is president and presides over the economic mess 70 times larger than the S&L crises, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime.

from annals of more than you ever wanted to know; banks use to do mortgages using deposits and make money off the mortgage payments (had to care about borrowers' qualifications). With securitized mortgages (& triple-A rating, OCT2008 congressional testimony was that rating agencies were selling triple-A ratings on things that they knew weren't worth triple-A), non-bank loan originators move in, securitize, sell into the bond market through wallstreet; money made off transaction fees (& new business for wallstreet), revenue proportional to mortgage amount and how fast they can sell off the mortgages (no longer needing to care about borrowers' qualifications). Number one on time's list of those responsible for the economic mess (loan originator CEO):
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

Number two on Time's list was responsible for GLBA and repeal of Glass-Steagall, but is on the list because of legislation to prevent regulation of CDS gambling bets.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

original described as gift to ENRON. Chair of CFTC proposes regulating CDS gambling bets ... and is quickly replaced with #2's wife, while he gets legislation preventing CDS gambling bets, his wife then resigns and is appointed to ENRON's board and audit committee.

Then they find that they can design securitize mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell-off into the bond market and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for dodgy loans/mortgages, now they care about borrowers' qualifications, but not in traditional way). The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS steps in and has them sign a document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the large recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

SECTREAS had lobbied congress for TARP funds to buy "off book" toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated would hardly make dent in the off book toxic assets, with just the four largest TBTF holding $5.2T ye2008 (a few tens of billions had gone for 22cents on the dollar earlier in the year, if forced to "mark to market", the institutions would have been declared insolvent and forced to be liquidated). Bailout is mostly done behind the scenes by Federal Reserve, buying trillions in off book toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds.

Lehman brothers was one of the first to get into it
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lehman_Brothers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bankruptcy_of_Lehman_Brothers
https://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/09/lehman-brothers-collapse.asp
https://phys.org/news/2018-09-lehman-weekend-biggest-bankruptcy-american.html

stories from the time had NYFED with examiners sitting on site at institutions long before the crash looking at what they were doing ... and one of the examiners raised red flags ... and got NYFED to remove that person ... so things continued right up to disaster. Implication was that many of the main principles walked away well off while companies went down in flames.
https://www.amazon.com/Noncompliant-Whistleblower-Exposes-Giants-Street-ebook/dp/B079L5MMSP/
Segarra was shocked to discover, however, the full extent of the relationship between Goldman and the Fed. She began making secret recordings that later became the basis of a This American Life episode that exposed the Fed's ineffectiveness in holding banks accountable.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
S&L crises posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
'29 crash, Pecora Hearings, FDIC insured and/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
Enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
ZIRP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
Date: 01 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Rhetoric on flr of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONS and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, but it required SEC to do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing that they increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). There are reports that the statute of limitation has expired on many of the criminal acts involved with the economic mess, but the Too Big To Fail could still be prosecuted under SOX.

sarbanes-oxley posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes.oxley
financial reporting fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud
enron posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

If Current Laws Prosecuting Bankers Aren't Used, What Can Warren Change?
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/05/bill-black-if-current-laws-prosecuting-bankers-arent-used-what-can-warren-change.html

"Confidence Men" has several references that essentially wallstreet was using the EHM (economic hit men) debt strategy against the American public. Other references were about new president having to choose between the economic A-team (Volcker et al) and the B-team. The A-team was instrumental in getting him elected, but the A-team would have held wallstreet and the too-big-to-fail accountable, which would have likely taken down most of those institutions (so new president chooses the b-team that wasn't going to hold anybody responsible).
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/

Too Big To Fail (Too Big To Prosecute, Too Big To Jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#83 Firefighting: The Financial Crisis and Its Lessons
other refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#109 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#110 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#111 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#112 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#114 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#1 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#3 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#4 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#5 Pigs Want To Feed at the Trough Again: Bernanke, Geithner and Paulson Use Crisis Anniversary to Ask for More Bailout Powers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#13 China's African debt-trap ... and US Version
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#15 TARP Funds and Noncompliant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#44 People are Happier in Social Democracies Because There's Less Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#58 Bureaucracy and Agile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#60 Grant (& Conkling)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#3 Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#19 Does Capitalism Kill Cooperation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#29 How corporate America invented 'Christian America' to fight the New Deal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#48 7 Charts Exposing The Nation's Pension Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#68 IBM revenue has fallen for 20 quarters -- but it used to run its business very differently
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#81 China Retools Vast Global Building Push Criticized as Bloated and Predatory

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
Date: 03 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/05/yes-the-tech-giants-are-a-big-problem-but-its-the-untamed-finance-industry-that-could-still-blow-up-the-economy-in-a-flash.html
The legislative response to this fiasco, the Dodd-Frank Act, is being undermined every which way, and wasn't all that strong to start with. It was passed in order "to 'promote financial stability,' 'lift our economy,' and 'end too big to fail,'" argued financial observer Tyler O'Neil, "and the bill has achieved none of those goals." In fact, it created a host of perverse incentives that have likely made our problems a whole lot worse. Financial reform might be yesterday's news, but we are inching closer to another economic crisis, in which the "old news" might very well become new and relevant again.
... snip ...

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess
Too Big To Fail ("Too Big To Prosecute", "Too Big To Jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

recent posts mentioning Dodd-Frank:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#35 The Myth of Capitalism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#41 Family of Secrets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#42 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#32 The American Empire Is the Sick Man of the 21st Century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#37 You elected them to write new laws. They're letting corporations do it instead

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China
Date: 03 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
What George Marshall Learned From His Time in China; Marshall couldn't stop the Chinese Civil War, but what did he learn?
https://thediplomat.com/2019/05/what-george-marshall-learned-from-his-time-in-china/
Shortly after the end of World War II, President Truman dispatched one of his most senior military officers, General George Marshall, to China in order to broker a peace between Nationalist and Communist factions. Truman and Marshall believed peace to be possible, and (influenced to some extent by the U.S. Army mission during the war), Marshall believed that leaning on Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists was the best way to achieve this peace. By 1947 Marshall would leave China, the civil war in full swing and his mission in shambles.
... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

past posts reference "China Mission"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#82 The Redacted Testimony That Fully Explains Why General MacArthur Was Fired
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#107 Post WW2 red hunt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#89 The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#98 tablets and desktops was Has Microsoft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018d.html#102 The Persistent Myth of U.S. Precision Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#34 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018e.html#38 oriental old grudges, Computers, anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018f.html#19 A Tea Party Movement to Overhaul the Constitution Is Quietly Gaining

other posts mentioning Miles "A Different Kind of War"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#47 WWII
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#55 WWII
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#37 The $30 billion Social Security hack
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#81 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017h.html#105 Iraq, Longest War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#68 Ghost Riders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#75 WW II cryptography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#24 What if the Kuomintang Had Won the Chinese Civil War?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#56 Tech: we didn't mean for it to turn out like this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017j.html#57 About Unconventional warfare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#3 Pearl Harbor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#61 Bill Slim and WWII's Forgotten Army - One Of The Most Successful Commanders Of The War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#64 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#70 Russia Invaded Japanese Islands With U.S. Ships -- After Japan Surrendered
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018b.html#33 Olympics opening ceremony
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#45 Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#81 LUsers

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy
Date: 04 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#85 Yes, the Tech Giants Are a Big Problem--But the Untamed Finance Industry Could Still Blow Up the Economy

The Crash In US Economic Fundamentals Is Accelerating
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-05-04/crash-us-economic-fundamentals-accelerating
The most promoted and and by extension most rigged indicators include GDP, unemployment, and inflation. I would include stock markets to a point in this list, but as I've always said, stocks are a trailing indicator and never tell us accurately when an economic crash is taking place. If anything, stocks are and always have been a placebo for the masses, a psychological crutch meant to lull them to sleep while the crash begins. Other than that, they have no value in determining the health of the system. As a lagging indicator, we will cover stocks at the end of this analysis.
... snip ...

Brace Yourself: The Next Epic Collapse Could Be Weeks Away
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-28/brace-yourself-next-epic-collapse-could-be-weeks-away
"Big Money Coupled With Cheap Money" Never Ends Well...
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-05-04/big-money-coupled-cheap-money-never-ends-well
None of Your Business; The rise of surveillance capitalism.
https://www.thenation.com/article/shoshana-zuboff-age-of-surveillance-capitalism-book-review/

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM 9020 FAA/ATC Systems from 1960's
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 04 May 2019 16:43:30 -0700
Jon Elson <elson@pico-systems.com> writes:
I don't know where this message came from, but the 9020 was composed of a buch of custom hardware, and several modified IBM 360 mainframes. The 9020D Diaplay Element was a modified 360/50 with some additions to microcode and a slightly different front panel. The 9020E Compute Element was a modified 360/65 also with added microcode and a slightly different front panel.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019d.html#73 The Brawl in IBM 1964

The Brawl in IBM 1964
https://www.amazon.com/Brawl-IBM-1964-Joseph-Fox/dp/1456525514
Two mid air collisions 1956 and 1960 make this FAA procurement special. The computer selected will be in the critical loop of making sure that there are no more mid-air collisions. Many in IBM want to not bid. A marketing manager with but 7 years in IBM and less than one year as a manager is the proposal manager. IBM is in midstep in coming up with the new line of computers - the 360. Chaos sucks into the fray many executives- especially the next chairman, and also the IBM president. A fire house in Poughkeepsie N Y is home to the technical and marketing team for 60 very cold and long days. Finance and legal get into the fray after that.

Joe Fox had a 44 year career in the computer business- and was a vice president in charge of 5000 people for 7 years in the federal division of IBM. He then spent 21 years as founder and chairman of a software corporation. He started the 3 person company in the Washington D. C. area. He took it public as Template Software in 1995, and sold it and retired in 1999. With 34 years of management, his enumeration and depiction of the talents and traits that are to be recognized and rewarded at all levels of management merit perusal - and even study. He is also the author of Software and its Development published by Prentice Hall in 1982, and two paperbacks, What If in 1979 and Trapped in the Organization in 1980, both published by Price Stern Sloan. His software book was translated into Russian, and his Executive Qualities was translated into Spanish. Joe Fox grew up in Brooklyn N.Y., graduated from St. John's University in Queens, N.Y. with a degree in Mathematics, and joined IBM in 1956. Twenty years later, still in IBM, he had his book Executive Qualities published by Addison Wesley in 1976. IBM, not mentioned nor identified in the book, did not see it before publication. IBM was not identified as the venue for the management ideas and concepts. After 9 printings, the publisher discontinued the book, but it still sells in book form on the Amazon used book service. Mr. Fox frequently presented the traits, talents, trials and tribulations detailed in his Executive Qualities book several times at IBM's Sands Point executive month-long training, and at CIA management meetings in Langley, Virginia. Mr. Fox chaired several committees for DOD during his career.

... snip ...

I don't remember running into Joe in IBM ... but after leaving IBM and working in financial industry ... we had a big contract with Template and spent lots of time with Joe and some other former IBMers. The Amazon reviews has some mention of this 2nd part.
https://www.sebokwiki.org/wiki/Federal_Aviation_Administration_(FAA)_Advanced_Automation_System_(AAS)

while we were doing HA/CMP product, past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

we participated in some reviews of AAS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits
Date: 04 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
How Private Equity Is Turning Public Prisons Into Big Profits In recent years, corporations have privatized almost every part of the public prison system. Now, PE firms are swooping in, seeking lavish returns for investors.
https://www.thenation.com/article/prison-privatization-private-equity-hig/
New Report Names Nearly 4,000 Companies Profiting Off of Private Prison Industry
https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/04/30/new-report-names-nearly-4000-companies-profiting-private-prison-industry
As Dems Press for Divestment, Feds Strike New Contract for City's Lone Private Jail
https://citylimits.org/2019/04/30/queens-geo-group-jail-contract/

PE posts ... beltway bandits, housing market, health care, hospitals
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

the industry had gotten such a bad reputation during the S&L crises, it changed its name to private equity and "junk bonds" became "high yield bonds"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crises

some for-profit prisons posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#37 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#43 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#52 What Makes a substance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#61 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#82 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#9 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#10 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#25 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#27 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#81 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#85 prices, was Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#27 OT: efforts to repeal strict public safety laws
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#32 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#70 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#39 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#89 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#3 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#4 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#12 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017f.html#19 [CM] What was your first home computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#45 What is ALEC? 'The most effective organization' for conservatives, says Newt Gingrich

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

You can't beat an unwinnable game, but you can break it

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: You can't beat an unwinnable game, but you can break it
Date: 05 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
You can't beat an unwinnable game, but you can break it
https://theoutline.com/post/7373/you-cant-beat-an-unwinnable-game-you-break-it
This event is 10 years-old, when an unknown architecture student from the Philippines "beat" SimCity 3000, creating a perfectly engineered (no cheats) city where there is no crime, no traffic, and no water pollution - but, where there are no hospitals, no schools, unemployment is soaring, no one travels because everywhere is the same - no one lives past 55.
... snip ...

I've periodically commented that government contractors possibly used war gaming technology to look at strategies for maximizing profits ... coming up with the Success of Failure (moke more on gov. contracts from a series of failuers)
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

"perpetual war" is an analogous strategy

success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

SS Trustees Report Summary

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: SS Trustees Report Summary
Date: 05 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
SS Trustees Report Summary
https://www.ssa.gov/oact/TRSUM/

Note, Stockman (Reagan's budget director) takes credit for revamping SS contributions in the 80s for 1) increasing life expectancy (although US life expectancy has recently shown slight decline rather than continued to increase) and 2) baby boomer generation larger than following generation, baby boomer contributions had to build up principle in SS trust fund to cover their retirement benefits. Stockman explains it that they actually wanted larger principle in SS trust fund to "borrow" for military spending, w/o actually showing up as increase in income tax rate, he also started to (double) tax SS benefits (i.e. contributions are taxed income then benefits taxed again), again more for military spending w/o actually showing increase in income tax rate.

The problem now is that the following generation will have to be taxed to pay back the borrowed principle from the SS Trust Fund (that was accumulating to pay for baby boomer benefits). Some spin lists the Federal Debt w/o what is owed to the SS Trust Fund, as if they are preparing to welsh on that debt.

past Stockman SS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#91 E.R. Burroughs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#51 OT: DuPont seeks to screw workers of their pensions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#37 GOP Announces Privatization Of Medicare And The Details Are TERRIFYING
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#61 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#63 GOP introduces plan to massively cut Social Security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#91 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#94 Your Social Security cuts are already on the way
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#11 Attack SS Entitlements
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017.html#30 $16T National Debt
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#43 when to get out???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#12 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017g.html#48 SS Trust Fund
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017k.html#51 Taxing Social Security Benefits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#59 How Income Tax on Social Security Became a $277 Billion Problem for Retirees
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#37 Democracy in Chains

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MVS Boney Fingers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MVS Boney Fingers
Date: 05 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
MVS Boney Fingers
https://www.mxg.com/thebuttonman/boney.asp

I have vague recollection when it was first played at SHARE ... something about the performers were relatives of somebody on the MVS committee. Randomly happen to hear the original on radio yesterday. During 70s & 80s there was a joke that could tell products weren't selling is when they were declared "strategic" and salesman given sales bonus.

http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#117 OS390 bundling and version numbers -Reply
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#11 Electric Light Orchestra IBM song, in 1981?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#14 Electric Light Orchestra IBM song, in 1981?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#56 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal

As undergraduate in 60s, I did dynamic adaptive resource management for CP67 ... which was picked up and shipped in the product. In the morph from CP67 to VM370, lots of stuff was simplified and/or dropped. Lots of SHARE resolutions during the 70s about letting me ship resource manager for VM370. During the FS period, lots of 370 activies were being shutdown (and lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone makers, including Amdahl, market foothold) ... then with the failure of FS, there is mad rush to get stuff back into product pipeline.

After joining IBM, one of my hobbies was enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and I had moved a lot of my CP67 enhancements to VM370, mostly during 1974 and I was shipping/supporting production releases for numerous internal datacenters (the worldwide sales & marketing support HONE systems were long time customer). some old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

Some of my production enhancements were picked up for VM370 Release 3. With the rise of clone makers (because of FS) and then the failure of FS, seem to contribute to selecting my dynamic adaptive resource manager was selected to be guinea pig for transition to charging for kernel software (23jun1969 unbundling announcement, including starting to charge for application software, but managed to make the case that kernel software should still be free, then with the rise of clone makers, the decision was changed to start charging for kernel software).

MVS had whole bunch of manual performance tuning knobs and there were presentations at SHARE about huge array of benchmark tests showing all sorts of effects of the knobs settings. Somebody from corporate came by to review release of my dynamic adaptive resource manager and said he couldn't approve its release because the "state of the art" was huge numbers of manual tuning knobs ... and I didn't have any. I tred to explain dynamic adaptive resource management, but he couldn't understand. So I added some manual tuning knobs, adding formulas and description of how they worked. But it was a "joke" ... I failed to mention something, that in OR is referred to as "degress of freedom" ... although it could be easily seen in the code ... the manual settings had less "degrees of freedom" than the dynamic adaptive code ... i.e. the dynamic adaptive code could compensate for any manual setting.

Resource Manager posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare
Unbundling posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle
HONE (&/or APL) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

Trivia: There was some bickering between IMS and the original sql/relational RDBMS implementation, System/R done on VM370 on 370/145 at San Jose Research. IMS people saying that System/R required twice as much disk space (for the internal indexes) and lots more I/O (for reading indexes to get to record). The counter was that IMS required significant more human care&feeding to administer (lots of things that were automated by System/R indexes).

The next official DBMS effort was EAGLE ... and while corporation was preoccupied with EAGLE, we manage to do SYSTEM/R technology transfer to ENDICOTT and get it released as SQL/DS. Then when EAGLE implodes, there was request for how fast it would take to port SYSTEM/R to MVS ... which is finally released as DB2, originally for decision support *ONLY*.

In first part of the 80s, the IMS-SYSTEM/R comparison starts to flip with drastic reduction in disk cost/bit (minimizing the increased disk space for RDBMS indexes) and significant increase in system real memory sizes (allowing caching of indexes, eliminating a lot of the extra I/O) .... at the same time high-skilled (IMS) DBAs were becoming scarce and hard to find.

trivia: when Jim Gray leaves SJR for Tandem ... he tries to palm off a bunch of stuff on me ... consulting with the IMS group ... as well as helping support some of the early System/R customers ... like BofA looking at deploying 60 System/Rs around the world.

System/R posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#systemr

other trivia: this is account of justification for moving MVT to virtual memory ... very similar to running MVT in 16mbyte CP/67 virtual machine (most of the new code was hacking CP/67 CCWTRANS into the side of EXCP to create copy of application channel programs with real addresses rather than virtual address) ... hint: it was to compensate for the horrible MVT storage management.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73

i.e. VS2/SVS (single virtual storage) ... then things get horribly more complex going to VS2/MVS (multiple virtual storage) ... which was much of the genesis for the "boney fingers" song ... however, the song reference somewhat confused what was FS ... more detailed reference here
http://www.jfsowa.com/computer/memo125.htm

also this account: Ferguson & Morris, "Computer Wars: The Post-IBM World", Time Books, 1993 .... reference to the "Future System" project 1st half of the 70s, was going to completely replace 370 and 370 efforts were being shutdown, the lack of 370 products during the period is credited with giving clone processor makers market foothold:
... and perhaps most damaging, the old culture under Watson Snr and Jr of free and vigorous debate was replaced with sycophancy and make no waves under Opel and Akers. It's claimed that thereafter, IBM lived in the shadow of defeat
...
But because of the heavy investment of face by the top management, F/S took years to kill, although its wrong headedness was obvious from the very outset. "For the first time, during F/S, outspoken criticism became politically dangerous," recalls a former top executive.
....

I continued to work on 370 stuff all during the FS period, even periodically ridiculing FS activity ... which wasn't exactly career enhancing.

Future System posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Retirement Heist

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: IBM Retirement Heist
Date: 05 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
IBM Retirement Heist (website having problems, but still lives at wayback machine)
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml
IBM also underestimated the uber-nerds on its staff, though it's not hard to understand why the company was so complacent: It had cut pensions several times in the 1990s, and no one had noticed. Traditionally, it provided 1.5 percent of pay for each year of service, which resulted in a pension that replaced roughly one-third to almost one-half of a person's salary in retirement. The calculation was simple: years of service times average pay in the final few years times .015. For example: If someone worked thirty years, and his average pay in the final years was $50,000, the pension would be worth $22,500 a year in retirement ($50,000 x 30 x .015).
...

at the time 401k was being pushed, there were several articles that both big corporations AND wallstreet were heavily pushing new federal laws ... the big companies wanted to move all of pension funds off on to the individual employees ... AND wallstreet found that the big pension funds were negotiating hard on cutting fees .... and that wallstreet would be able to charge a lot more with individual 401Ks.

The president of AMEX was in competition to be the next CEO and wins. The looser takes his protegee and leaves, going to Baltimore acquiring what has been described as loan sharking business. They make some number of other acquisitions, eventually acquiring Citi in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them exemption while they lobby DC for repeal of Glass-Steagall. One of the people they enlist is SECTREAS (and former head of GS). Once the repeal is underway the SECTREAS resigns and joins Citi in what is described at the time as co-CEO. The prodigree then leaves CITI to become CEO of one of the other four largest Too Big To Fail (with CITI accounts for major part of economic mess last decade).

economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

AMEX is in competition with large private-equity company KKR for LBO of RJR and KKR wins.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco
KKR then runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX to help. Then IBM runs into the red and hires away the former president of AMEX to be head of IBM ... who uses some of the same tactics used at RJR.
https://web.archive.org/web/20181019074906/http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

The former president of AMEX then leaves IBM to become head of another large private-equity company, which is hiring prominent politicians to lobby congress to outsource to the beltway bandits they've been buying ... including company that will employ Snowden (agencies can't lobby congress, beltway bandits can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but PE owners don't seem to be under any restrictions, enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing last decade)
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/10/barbarians-capitol-private-equity-public-enemy/
Companies in the private-equity mill are under tremendous pressure to push money up to their owners every which way possible, intelligence 70% of the budget and half the people.
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us and the rapidly
spreading success of failure culture, lots more money for companies in PE-mills with a series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

AMEX President posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
private equity posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity
success of failure posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

MVS Boney Fingers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: MVS Boney Fingers
Date: 05 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#92 MVS Boney Fingers

... aka because of storage management issues, regions had to be four times larger than typically used ... limiting typical 370/165 1mbyte configuration to four regions (with only four regions, cpu spent much of the time waiting on disk i/o). Going to 16mbyte SVS virtual memory could increase number of regions by factor of four ... with little or no paging (aka MVT storage management needed large amounts of available "contiguous" storage locations, but its algorithm quickly fragmented storage which couldn't be used)

Going from 360/65 to 370/165 was much faster processor ... so needed a lot more regions overlapping execution waiting for disk i/o.

However, CPU speeds were increasing significantly faster than disk speeds were increasing ... exhasberating the condition ... which I started commenting about in the mid-70s. By the early 80s, I was pontificating that relative disk system performance had declined by a factor of ten times between the late 60s and the early 80s (systems got 50 times faster, but disks got less than five times faster). A disk division executive took exception to my comments and assigned the division performance analysis group to refute my claims. After a few weeks, they came back and effectively said that I had slightly understated the problem. The performance group then respun the analysis for a (customer user group) SHARE presentation about how to configure disks to improve system throughput; part of late 60s/early 80s comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31
old posts with pieces of (respun analysis for) SHARE presentation B874
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68

MVS had other bloated design issues which quickly ballooned up and overran both 370 16mbyte real as well as virtual storage limitations. MVT had heavy pointer passing API ... and so for MVS to access system call parameters needeed 8mbyte kernel image to appear in each of the application 16mbyte address spaces (leaving 8mbytes for application). However move from SVS to MVS, also moved subsystems into their own virtual address space. Now for subsystems to access parameters for application calls, they invented the COMMON SEGMENT AREA (CSA), which was one megabyte in every application virtual address space (leaving 7mbytes for applications). However CSA requirements were essentially proportional to number of concurrently running applications and number of subsystems. By 3033 time-frame this ballooned CSA (renamed COMMON SYSTEM AREA) to 5-6 mbytes (leaving 2-3mbytes for applications) and many installations threatening to increasing CSA to 8mbytes (leaving nothing for applications). At the same time, MVS system bloat was overruning the 16mbyte real storage configurations and they came out with a gimmick to add up to 64mbytes to 3033 (even though 370 instruction architecture limited addressing to 16mbytes) ... which helped reducing severe page thrashing as well as increase concurrent applications.

some recent CSA posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#12 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016h.html#101 Multitasking question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017b.html#8 BSAM vs QSAM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017d.html#61 Paging subsystems in the era of bigass memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017e.html#40 Mainframe Family tree and chronology 2
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#48 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2017i.html#57 64 bit addressing into the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018.html#92 S/360 addressing, not Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2018c.html#23 VS History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#18 IBM assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019.html#38 long-winded post thread, 3033, 3081, Future System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why hiring the 'best' people produces the least creative results

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Why hiring the 'best' people produces the least creative results
Date: 06 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Why hiring the 'best' people produces the least creative results
https://aeon.co/ideas/why-hiring-the-best-people-produces-the-least-creative-results

Many focus on the speed of Boyd's OODA-loop
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop

but Boyd in briefings would also talk about needing to observe from every possible facet ... which would be needed as countermeasure to observation, orientation, and/or confirmation bias. In collections of people that would include needing to having people with multiple different viewpoints.

JOHN BOYD AND THE "OODA" LOOP (GREAT STRATEGISTS)
https://warroom.armywarcollege.edu/special-series/great-strategists/boyd-OODA-loop-great-strategists/

simpler version from 1846, Elements of Military Art and Science Or, Course Of Instruction In Strategy, Fortification, Tactics Of Battles, & C.; Embracing The Duties Of Staff, Infantry
https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Military-Instruction-Fortification-Embracing-ebook/dp/B004TPMN16/
loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.
... snip ...

could claim transition "see" to "observe" and add "orientation" that captures concepts like learning as well as acquiring knowledge & understanding.

posts about Boyd and URLs from around the web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
Date: 07 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
http://ibmsystemsmag.com/blogs/it-trendz/april-2019/journey-from-idea-to-practice-internetworking-and/

Some of the MIT CTSS people went to the 5th flr and did Multics. Others went to IBM science center on the 4th flr in 1964 and did virtual machines (CP40&CP67 which later morphs into VM370), internal network, bunch of online stuff, etc. GML was invented at science center in 1969, a decade later it morphs into ISO SGML and after another decade morphs into HTML at CERN.
http://infomesh.net/html/history/early/
first webserver in US was on SLAC's VM370 system
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml
http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/firstpages.shtml

Science Center co-worker responsible for the internal network technology (internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) ... which was also used for the corporate sponsored university BITNET (also for a time larger than arpanet/internet).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET

We both transferred to SJR (down the road from SLAC) after the mid-70s ... and became involved in non-proprietary networking. "IBM's missed opportunity with the Internet"
http://web.archive.org/web/20000124004147/http://www1.sjmercury.com/svtech/columns/gillmor/docs/dg092499.htm
IN 1980, some engineers at International Business Machines Corp. tried to sell their bosses on a forward-looking project: connecting a large internal IBM computer network to what later became the Internet. The plan was shot down, and IBM's leaders missed an early chance to grasp the revolutionary significance of this emerging medium. This is one of those who-knows-what-might-have-been stories, an intriguing little footnote in Internet history. It's a cautionary tale
... snip ...

In early 80s, I had HSDT project (T1/1.5mbit/sec and faster links) and we were working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen, and eventually NSF releases RFP. Internal politics prevent us from bidding. The NSF director tries to help, writing the company a letter, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses).

At the same time, the communication group was spreading a lot of mis-information (including claims that SNA could be used for interconnecting NSF supercomputing centers at T1 or faster ... even though SNA products didn't have support running on NSF supercomputers and limited to 56kbits/sec, not 1.5mbits/sec and faster). Somebody collected the communication group mis-information email and forwarded ... heavily snipped and redacted to protect the guilty:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email870109
NSF 28Mar1986 preliminary announce, archived here
http://www.garilc.com/~lynn/2002k.html#12
as the regional networks connect into the centers, it morphs into NSFNET backbone, precursor to modern internet
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/401444/grid-computing/

About the same time the communication group was also spreading mis-information about needing to convert the internal network to SNA/VTAM (or it might stop working) ... about the same time the corporate sponsored BITNET converted to TCP/IP ... some old email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#email870302
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#email870306

trivia: mid-80s, HSDT was getting some equipment built on the other side of the Pacific. The Friday before I was to visit, I get an announcement from Raleigh about a new online forum on "high-speed" with the following definitions:
low-speed: <9.6kbits medium-speed: 19.2kbits high-speed: 56kbits very high-speed: 1.5mbits

Monday morning on a wall on the other side of the Pacific
low-speed: <20mbits medium-speed: 100mbits high-speed: 200-300mbits very high-speed: >600mbits
... snip ...

NSFNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet
HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
BITNET posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet
Internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
GML, SGML, HTML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols
Date: 07 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2019b.html#96 Journey from Idea to Practice: Internetworking and Protocols

Original CMS script in mid-60s was science center port of CTSS RUNOFF. Then when GML was invented at the science center in 1969, GML tag processing was added to script.

CTSS RUNOFF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TYPSET_and_RUNOFF#CTSS
IBM Generalized Markup Language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalized_Markup_Language

trivia: "G", "M", and "L" are actually chosen from the first letters of the inventors last names

other trivia: CMS started out as Cambridge Monitor System (i.e. from the Cambridge Science Center on the 4th flr), but changed to the "Conversational Monitor System" as part of morph from CP67 to VM370. Originally the Cambridge Science Center had done virtual machine CP/40 (and CMS) implementation using a hardware modified 360/40 with virtual memory, which then morphs into CP/67 when 360/67 standard with virtual memory becomes available
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP/CMS

IBM Cambridge Science Center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
GML posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#sgml

The last product we did at IBM was IBM's (RS/6000) HA/CMP; started out as HA/6000, but I quickly changed to HA/CMP when started working with national labs (technical/scientific) and RDBMS vendors (commercial) on cluster scaleup. This is account of Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
Within a couple weeks of that meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as IBM supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*) and we are told we can't work on anything with more than four processors (possibly contributing was mainframe DB2 were complaining that if we were allowed to proceed, we would be at least 5yrs ahead of them). A few months later we leave IBM.

We are later brought in as consultants to a small client/server startup. Two of the former Oracle people (mentioned in the Ellison meeting) are now at the startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they want to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce".

I have complete authority on the side between server and payment networks ... and do a number of tweaks to HTTPS code to provide additional integrity and availability ... however I can only make recommendations about the browser/server side operation ... some of which are almost immediately violated (some continue to account for problems).

HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The US Is Spending $1.25 Trillion Annually on War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: The US Is Spending $1.25 Trillion Annually on War
Date: 07 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
The US Is Spending $1.25 Trillion Annually on War
https://truthout.org/articles/the-us-is-spending-1-25-trillion-annually-on-war/
Boondoggle, Inc., Making Sense of the $1.25 Trillion National Security State Budget
https://www.pogo.org/analysis/2019/05/making-sense-of-the-1-25-trillion-national-security-state-budget/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Student Loan Forgiveness Program Offers False Hope, Rejects 99% of Applications

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler lynn@garlic.com
Subject: Student Loan Forgiveness Program Offers False Hope, Rejects 99% of Applications
Date: 07 May 2019
Blog: Facebook
Student Loan Forgiveness Program Offers False Hope, Rejects 99% of Applications
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/05/student-loan-forgiveness-program-offers-false-hope-rejects-99-of-applications.html
The infamous HAMP program, which the Administration revised so many times on the fly as to give incompetent and mendacious mortgage servicers air cover for failing to modify mortgages, at least had a stealth purpose. As Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said to the SIGTARP's Neil Barofsky, it was to foam the runway for banks by spreading out foreclosures over time. But that still doesn't excuse servicers for their favorite gimmick for not bothering with HAMP applications, which was to pretend they'd never received them.
... snip ...

Part of the economic mess was being able to pay for triple-A ratings on securitized mortgages (when the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A from Oct2008 congressional testimony); triple-A trumps supporting documents and they could transition to no-document, liar loans (didn't care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality, because they could always sell off into bond market at premium price).

(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
economic mess posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#economic.mess

Later the largest fines were for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing documents. Supposedly those fines were suppose to go into HAMP and other programs benefiting the foreclosure victims. However, firms hired to administer those funds were frequently run by some of the same people that were instrumental in the economic mess, and only trivial benefits were ever seen by the victims.

Big Banks Are Hazardous to U.S. Financial Health
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-02/big-banks-are-hazardous-to-u-s-financial-health.html
In 1995, the Big Six -- JPMorgan, Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., Wells Fargo & Co., Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and Morgan Stanley -- had assets worth only 17 percent of U.S. gross domestic product. As recently as 2005, their collective balance sheets were valued at less than 50 percent of GDP.

Today, the Big Six are much bigger, with combined assets of 60 percent of GDP.

... snip ...

Too Big To Fail ("Too Big To Prosecute", "Too Big To Jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

"Confidence Men"
https://www.amazon.com/Confidence-Men-Washington-Education-ebook/dp/B0089LOKKS/
"Bailout"
https://www.amazon.com/Bailout-ebook/dp/B00818J57W
pretty much have everything a bankster give-away from the beginning. The congressional staffers "How Republicans Went Crazy"
https://www.amazon.com/The-Party-Over-Republicans-ebook/dp/B007V65OLG
and "The Payoff" describe efforts that appear to try and help the public, just were never successful.

Bailout, pg157/loc3106-9:
HAMP was not separate from the bank bailouts; it was an essential part of them. From that perspective, it didn't matter if the modifications failed after a year or so of trial payments or if struggling borrowers placed into doomed trial modifications ended up far worse off, as long as the banks were able to stretch out their pain until their profits returned
... snip ...

Mortgage Settlement Monitor Hires Firm that Has Worked on Countrywide Matters
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2012/09/mortgage-settlement-monitor-hires-firm-that-has-worked-on-countrywide-matters.html

other older references:

"Fatally Flawed" Paper on HAMP Mortgage Program Gets Program Design Backwards, Botches Regression Analysis, Yielding Propagandistic Findings
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/10/fatally-flawed-paper-hamp-mortgage-program-gets-program-design-backwards-botches-regression-analysis-yielding-propagandistic-findings.html
Fed Investigating Goldman Over Possible HAMP Mortgage Mod Violations
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2011/05/fed-investigating-goldman-over-possible-hamp-mortgage-mod-violations.html
Mortgage Whistleblowers Say Servicers Foreclosed Rather Than Modify, HAMP Program Designed to Help Banks, Not Borrowers
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2011/05/mortgage-whistleblowers-say-servicers-foreclosed-rather-than-modify-hamp-program-designed-to-help-banks-not-borrowers.html
Proof of Ongoing Foreclosure Fraud and Mortgage Document Fabrication, in Five Emails
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/09/proof-of-ongoing-foreclosure-fraud-and-mortgage-document-fabrication-in-five-emails.html
Whistleblower Reveals Favoritism Toward the Rich, Robo-Signing at the IRS
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/03/whistleblower-reveals-favoritism-toward-rich-robo-signing-irs.html
Treasury Waves Wet Noodle at Big Banks Over HAMP Mortgage Mod Abuses
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2011/06/treasury-waives-wet-noodle-at-big-banks-over-hamp-mortgage-mod-abuses.html
Mischaracterizing HAMP and Principal Reduction: A Regression Discontinuity Test Error
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/11/hamp.html
SIGTARP: HAMP Servicing Abuses Led to Unwarranted Foreclosures
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2010/10/sigtarp-hamp-servicing-abuses-led-to-unwarranted-foreclosures.html
Some Foreclosure Mills Disregarding Post-Robo-Signing Requirements
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2010/12/some-foreclosure-mills-disregarding-post-robo-signing-requirements.html
More on the HAMP Train Wreck in Latest Congressional Oversight Panel Report
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2010/12/more-on-the-hamp-train-wreck-in-latest-congressional-oversight-panel-report.html
Not to be outdone, FDIC joins the robo-signing club, too
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2010/10/not-to-be-outdone-fdic-joins-the-robo-signing-club-too.html

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

mainframe hacking "success stories"?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: mainframe hacking "success stories"?
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 8 May 2019 10:06:43 -0700
sipples@SG.IBM.COM (Timothy Sipples) writes:
Together we sketched a picture of all this on a whiteboard so I could understand what they had done. After we drew the picture, I asked this simple question: "Is this secure?" After a very little bit of side discussion, very quickly, they did two things: (1) they changed their "security" policy, and (2) they went immediately to work to change everything I just described.

early 80s, I had HSDT project doing T1 (1.5mbits/sec) and faster speed full-duplex links. IBM internal network was larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning to sometime mid-80s ... and the same technology was used for the IBM sponsored university BITNET (also larger than arpanet/internet for a time). It wasn't SNA ... until late 80s when the communication group was claiming that the internal network would stop working if not converted to SNA/VTAM ... which occured about the same time that BITNET converted to TCP/IP.

Corporate also required that all links leaving IBM physical locations had to be encrypted ... which were external hardware link encryptors (mid-80s, major hardware link encryptor company claimed that IBM had over half of all the link encryptors in the world).

On of my problems was I really hated what I had to pay for T1 link encrptors (a few thousand) and it was really hard to find faster link encryptors (less of problem for links supported by standard IBM controllers which were limited to 56kbit links).

I eventually got involved in doing hardware link encryptor that would cost less than $100 to build and support at least 3mbyte/sec ... with some other tweaks. Initially the corporate crypto product group said that it significantly weakened the DES standard. It took me 3months to figure out how to explain what was happening (it was significantly stronger than standard DES, & not TDES) ... but it turned out to be a hollow victory. I was told that I could make as many as I wanted ... but there was only organization in the world that could use such crypto; i could make as many as I wanted to, but they all had to be shipped to an address in Maryland. It was when I realized that there was 3kinds of crypto in the world: 1) the kind they don't care about, 2) the kind you can't do and 3) the kind you can only do for them.

Other trivia: doing mainframe DES in the early 80s for a full-duplex T1 required both processors of a dedicated 3081K doing nothing else but executing standard DES. There was also work on doing public key for email (PGP-like public key).

Last product we did at IBM was RS/6000 HA/CMP (it originally started out as HA/6000, but I quickly changed name to HA/CMP when started working with national labs (technical/scientific) and RDBMS vendors (commercial) on cluster scaleup. Old reference on Jan1992 meeting in Ellison's conference room on 128-way cluster scaleup:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#13
within a few weeks of the meeting, cluster scaleup is transferred, announced as supercomputer (for technical/scientific *ONLY*), and we are told that we can't work on anything with more than four processors. A few months later we leave.

Later two of the Oracle people in the Ellison meeting have left and are at a small client/server startup responsible for something called "commerce server" and we are brought in as consultants because they want to do payment transactions on the server, the startup had also invented this technology they call "SSL" they want to use, the result is now fequently called "electronic commerce".

I have absolute authority over everything from servers to payment networks ... and make several tweaks to the HTTPS implementation to improve integrity and availability ... but can only make recommendations on the browser/server side ... some of which are almost immediately violated ... contributing to problems, some that continue to this day.

Second half 90s, I'm giving presentations on "Why Internet Isn't Business Critical Dataprocessing" at various internet meetings. Problems aren't TCP/IP design ... but various glitches in deployments by various organizations.

HSDT posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt
internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
HA/CMP posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hacmp
internet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internet
SSL posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#sslcert

some old (old) crypto email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#crypto

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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