List of Archived Posts

2016 Newsgroup Postings (09/17 - 11/22)

Airlines Reservation Systems
Airlines Reservation Systems
Airlines Reservation Systems
Loma Prieta earthquake
ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
VSPC
INTERNET
PDPs in Canadian nuclear plants
Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
How to Fix IBM
$6.5 TRILLION IS MISSING FROM OBAMA'S DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
Are the banks about to lose their hold on their payments business?
How to Fix IBM
US Air Power
Perpetual War
Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Economic Mess
Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Is Jill Stein Correct? The Federal Reserve Could Buy Up All Outstanding Student Loans?
Economic Mess
Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
OODA-loop and virtual machines
Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
OODA-loop and virtual machines
Whitehouse EMAIL
Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions
Too Smug to Jail
Floating point registers or general purpose registers
President Obama announces semiconductor industry working group to review U.S. competitiveness
Floating point registers or general purpose registers
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
IBM Sales & Marketing
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
more economic mess
Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
Boyd F15, F16, F20
Drafting of Dodd-Frank
The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
"The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt" ... and relationship with Mahan
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever
Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Fed's Kashkari Releases Plan To End "Too Big To Fail", Compares Banks To Terrorists
IBM disk capacity
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
IBM disk capacity
Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication
More Dodd-Frank
Defense Meltdown
IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
Computing Luminaries Honored with Presidential Medal of Freedom
Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication
Stars face ruin over tax bill
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Finance Is Not the Economy
Finance Is Not the Economy
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Finance Is Not the Economy
IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
The annual Budget Games begin: Trump vs. Congress to control spending
What would Klinger look like in business attire?
Social Security Trust Fund
"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Airlines Reservation Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Airlines Reservation Systems
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems

Rhetoric on the floor of congress claimed that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, however it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing GAO reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showed increases after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jail time)

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Less well known is that SOX also had SEC doing something about rating agencies (which played the major/pivotal role in the economic mess) ... but they did about as much about the rating agencies as they did about public company fraudulent financial filings.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Also rhetoric in congress was that the (original) primary purpose of GLBA was to keep new competition out of banking (although now better known for one of the add-ons, the repeal of Glass-Steagall). Then the chair of CFTC suggests regulating CDS ... and is quickly replaced by the wife of the primary senator behind GLBA, while he gets legislation preventing CDS regulation (originally described as gift to ENRON, but also played significant role in the economic mess). The wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and the audit committee.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Airlines Reservation Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Airlines Reservation Systems
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#0 Airlines Reservation Systems

then there is .... when director of CIA won't agree to "Team B" Soviet analysis justifying huge increase in military spending, Rumsfeld replaces him by somebody that would
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_B

team b posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#team.b

Rumsfeld white house chief of staff (74-75), after replacing CIA director he becomes SECDEF (75-77), and replaced by his assistant, Dick Cheney. He is again SECDEF 2001-2006
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Rumsfeld

When Rumsfeld was white house chief of staff 74-75, Cheney was on his staff. Cheney then becomes white house chief of staff when Rumsfeld becomes SECDEF. Cheney is then SECDEF from 89-93 and VP 2001-2009
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney

another "Team B" member (note "Team B" was also involved in supporting Iran/Iraq war)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Wolfowitz

He is a leading neoconservative.[4] As Deputy Secretary of Defense, he was "a major architect of President Bush's Iraq policy and ... its most hawkish advocate."[5] In fact, "the Bush Doctrine was largely [his] handiwork.

VP (and former director of CIA) claims no knowledge of
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

another family member presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than the S&L crisis which had 1000 criminal convictions & jailtime; so far nobody has even been charged (proportionally there should be 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtimes)

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Airlines Reservation Systems

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Airlines Reservation Systems
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#0 Airlines Reservation Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#1 Airlines Reservation Systems

... the economic mess was done during the previous administration, repeal of Glass-Steagall enables too big to fail and has been used by the current administration as excuss to not prosecute (too big to prosecute, too big to jail). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

1999 I was asked to try and help prevent the coming economic mess. securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages and I was asked to look at improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents as countermeasure. They then find that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A ratings.

The triple-A ratings mean that they can start doing no-documentation liar loans, securitize, pay for triple-A and sell as fast as they can (make them no longer needing to care about buyers qualifications or loan quality). With no-documentation (liar) mortgages, there is no longer any issue of supporting documentation integrity. The triple-A ratings also open the market to operations that are restricted to "safe" investments (like large public & private pension funds, claims it accounts for 30% losses). Federal Reserve, FDIC, OCC, Treasury and SEC that have jurisdiction but do nothing. Oct2008 congressional hearings into the pivotal role that the rating agencies played say that both the sellers and the rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A. This is largely the enabler for over $27T done 2001-2008.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Wallstreet accounts for over $27T, Feddie/Fannie do a few hundred billion (maybe 5%), Freddie/Fannie has been used by wallstreet for obfuscation and misdirection (paying for triple-A rating enables enormous number of other customers than Freddie/Fannie).

President of AMEX was in competition to be the next CEO and wins. The looser leaves, taking their protegee and go to Baltimore taking over what was called a loan sharking business. They make several more acquisitions and eventually acquire Citibank in violation of Glass-Steagall. Greenspan gives them an exemption while they lobby congress for repeal of Glass-Steagall.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

AMEX was also in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO of RJR and KKR wins. KKR runs into trouble with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX (before he becomes CEO) to turn around RJR.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbarians_at_the_Gate:_The_Fall_of_RJR_Nabisco

IBM has gone into the red and was being reorganized into 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breaking up the company. The board then hires away the former head of AMEX to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company. He uses some of the same techniques used at RJR
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

disclaimer: jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash that resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal cross-HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call that it won't be needed after all (comments that capital hill buried under enormous mountains of wallstreet cash).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Loma Prieta earthquake

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Loma Prieta earthquake
Date: 17 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
on SFO tarmac, going to Cray Research in Minneapolis, flt takes off 20mins late. During the flt, I notice the cabin crew are having discussion in the back of the plane. I ask them what is going on, they say there was an earthquake 5mins after we had wheels up.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_Loma_Prieta_earthquake
The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time.

... snip ...

the original mainframe TCP/IP product was implemented in vs/pascal. For various reasons it didn't have very good performance, on 3090, it got 44kbytes/sec using nearly whole 3090 processor. I did the enhancements for RFC1044 and in some tuning tests at Cray Research got sustained channel throughput between 4341 and Cray using only modest amount of the 4341 processor (something like 500 times improvement in the bytes moved per instruction executed).

some related refs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#1044

not nearly as dramatic, I fly into Portland and get a rental car to drive down Oregon State ... I'm just get on I5 when the earthquake hits (don't feel it, but it is on the news)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Nisqually_earthquake

there is a group at Oregon State doing research into one of my projects (reference gone 404, but still lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20030924155145/http://security.ece.orst.edu/corvallis/Private/corvallis.htm
above references "AADS Origins" at my website
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/
and a bunch of of related patents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadssummary.htm

the rental car driving directions has me drive through Corvallis, several miles out to Corvallis airport, do a u-turn and drive back into Corvallis to the university.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

From: lynn@GARLIC.COM (Anne & Lynn Wheeler)
Subject: Re: ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: 18 Oct 2016 08:49:14 -0700
sipples@SG.IBM.COM (Timothy Sipples) writes:
I strongly disagree with the word "all." I don't think that word in this sentence is grounded in a reasonable, rational, informed assessment of comparative risks and testing costs.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#97 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

I wrote a long tome on this 17Oct1980 for internal distribution ... about having single monolithic resource versus having huge number of smaller resources capable of efficiently rolling in/roll back. They sent somebody from Armonk corporate hdqtrs to slap my hands. I had already had my hands slapped that summer ... being blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beinning until sometime mid-80s). Folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer communication (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

VSPC

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: VSPC
Date: 18 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
VSPC was originally called PCO (personal computing option, name was changed when somebody pointed out there was a political party in france by that name) ... basically a kind of TSO for VS1 and DOS/VS. They also positioned themselves as a VM/CMS killer. Somebody in the group did a PCO "model" in APL that constantly showed that PCO was much faster than VM/CMS. For several months nearly the whole VM/CMS development group was tied up in doing "real" benchmarks against the PCO "model". When they finally got PCO running, it turned out to be much slower than VM/CMS (the "PCO" model was largely fabrication).

past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#1 Computer of the century
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#49 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercompu
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001i.html#30 IBM OS Timeline?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002q.html#26 LISTSERV Discussion List For USS Questions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#0 VSPC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#4 TSS/370 source archive now available
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#38 storage key question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#19 HASP/ASP JES/JES2/JES3
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#8 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#72 Subpools - specifically 241
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#5 Memory v. Storage: What's in a Name?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#77 Overloaded acronyms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#60 Any candidates for best acronyms?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

INTERNET

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: INTERNET
Date: 18 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
How the Soviets invented the internet and why it didn't work
https://aeon.co/essays/how-the-soviets-invented-the-internet-and-why-it-didn-t-work

The internal network was larger than the arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s. On the great switch-over of arpanet/internet to internetworking protocol on 1jan1983, they had approximately 100 IMPs and 255 connected hosts. By comparison at the same time, the internal network was rapidly approaching 1000 nodes (which it passed a few months later). One of the issues limited arpanet/internet growth had been the relatively tightly controlled IMPs and connection policies ... and didn't get gateway capability until internetworking protocol (internal network nodes had a form from the beginning). By comparison, an inhibitor for the internal network was mandate that all links were encrypted ... govs. put up all sorts of objections, especially when links crossed national boundaries (in the mid-80s, the major link encryptor vendor claimed that the internal network had more than half all link encryptors in the world). Old post with list of internal network locations around the world that added one or more nodes in 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8

I've mentioned before, in the early 80s we were working with NSF director and was suppose to get $20M to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally NSF releases an RFP (in part based on what we already had running, including T1 and faster speed links). Internal politics prevent us from answering the RFP. The NSF director attempts to help by writing the company a letter copying the CEO (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks connect into the centers, it becomes the NSFNET backbone (precursor to the modern internett). The winning bid actually puts in 440kbit/sec links ... and possibly to make it look like they are meeting the RFP, they put in T1 trunks with telco multiplexors (to call it a T1 network). We ridicule them saying why don't they call it a T5 network, since some of the T1 trunks were in turn multiplexed over T5 trunks.

book/app about former co-worker at the science center: It's Cool to Be Clever: The Story of Edson C. Hendricks, the Genius Who Invented the Design for the Internet (there is also ipad version)
http://www.amazon.com/Its-Cool-Be-Clever-Hendricks/dp/1897435630
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edson_Hendricks

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
nsfnet posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.

Note a form of the internal network technology was used for the corporate sponsored BITNET (which was also larger than arpanet/internet for a time)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BITNET
.... and was called EARN in europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Academic_Research_Network

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s ... and had developed some semi-automated processes for it. Old email from person in Paris responsible for doing EARN ... looking for online apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#email840320

folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

PDPs in Canadian nuclear plants

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: PDPs in Canadian nuclear plants
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 20 Oct 2016 09:21:41 -0700
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
We weren't developing IMP software; we were changing TOPS-20 so that it would talk to IMPs and needed an IMP in-house to do the development. It was sold as TOPS-20/AN.

IMPs were network nodes that talked to other IMPs and talked to (mainframe) HOSTs. HOSTs had NOST-to-HOST protocol that involved talking to IMPs as "front-end network processors".

arpanet/internet in the great change-over, converted to internetworking protocol on 1Jan1983. One of the IMPs-to-IMPs was that the administrative chatter in support of various kinds of features was extreamly heavy-weight and didn't scale. As arpanet/internet was approaching 100 IMP nodes in the early 80s (before the change-over), there was various folklore about the network totally saturating all the 56kbit links with IMP-to-IMP administrative protocol chatter.

some of this from old a.f.c. thread from the turn of the century collected/archived here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm

one such is about difference between NCP and TCP/IP protocols
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#27
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#28
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/internet.htm#29

references RFCs:


rfc60 ... A simplified NCP Protocol
rfc215 .. NCP, ICP, and TELNET:
rfc381 .. TWO PROPOSED CHANGES TO THE IMP-HOST PROTOCOL
rfc394 .. TWO PROPOSED CHANGES TO THE IMP-HOST PROTOCOL
rfc550 .. NIC NCP Experiment
rfc618 .. A Few Observations on NCP Statistics
rfc660 .. SOME CHANGES TO THE IMP AND THE IMP/HOST INTERFACE
rfc687 .. IMP/Host and Host/IMP Protocol Change
rfc704 .. IMP/Host and Host/IMP Protocol Change
rfc773 .. COMMENTS ON NCP/TCP MAIL SERVICE TRANSITION STRATEGY
rfc801 .. NCP/TCP TRANSITION PLAN

... snip ...

my RFC index (with URLs to actual rfcs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/rfcietff.htm

triva: in the 90s, until he passed, the rfc editor, Postel, let me do some of STD1.

also at the time of the great change-over, arpanet/internet had approx. 100 IMP nodes and 255 connected hosts at the time the internal network was approaching 1000 nodes ... which it past a few months later ... old post showing world-wide internal network locations that added one or more network nodes during 1983:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#8
other internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet

semi-related, from recent "real history of online" group discussion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#6

about this article

How the Soviets invented the internet and why it didn't work
https://aeon.co/essays/how-the-soviets-invented-the-internet-and-why-it-didn-t-work

for other drift ... I've posted before as undergraudate, univ had a ibm controller clone project ... somewhat kick-off because I couldn't get the ibm controller to do what I wanted. Built an (360/67) hardware IBM channel interface board for Interdata/3 programmed to emulate IBM controller. Interdata then markets it as product ... and it morphs into Interdata/4 (for channel interface) and cluster of Interdata/3s for port/line scanners. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#360pcm

UofM had done their own operating system, MTS for IBM's 360/67 and also did their own clone controller with PDP
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery7.html
https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/gallery/gallery8.html

past posts mentioning MTS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#15 unit record & other controllers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#23 MTS & LLMPS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#25 MTS & LLMPS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#26 MTS & LLMPS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#15 S/360 operating systems geneaology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#89 Ux's good points.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#91 Ux's good points.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#61 VM (not VMS or Virtual Machine, the IBM sort)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#44 WHAT IS A MAINFRAME???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#52 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#0 TSS ancient history, was X86 ultimate CISC? designs)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#55 TSS/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#45 Valid reference on lunar mission data being unreadable?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#63 Hercules and System/390 - do we need it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#54 SHARE MVT Project anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#58 IBM S/370-168, 195, and 3033
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#64 PLX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#0 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#10 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#41 SLAC 370 Pascal compiler found
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#5 What is timesharing, anyway?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003k.html#9 What is timesharing, anyway?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#30 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003l.html#41 Secure OS Thoughts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#32 SR 15,15 was: IEFBR14 Problems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#46 DE-skilling was Re: ServerPak Install via QuickLoad Product
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#47 Mainframe not a good architecture for interactive workloads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#6 If the x86 ISA could be redone
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#47 IBM 360 memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#4 Infiniband - practicalities for small clusters
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#16 Xah Lee's Unixism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#4 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#25 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#34 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#20 RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#21 Integer types for 128-bit addressing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#5 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#18 IBM, UNIVAC/SPERRY, BURROUGHS, and friends. Compare?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#56 Software for IBM 360/30
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#20 IBM/Watson autobiography--thoughts on?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005s.html#17 winscape?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#18 Change in computers as a hobbiest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006d.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006e.html#31 MCTS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#19 Over my head in a JES exit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#4 Mainframe vs. xSeries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006i.html#22 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#41 PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#42 Arpa address
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#42 Why Didn't The Cent Sign or the Exclamation Mark Print?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#47 The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#43 MTS, Emacs, and... WYLBUR?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#3 MTS, Emacs, and... WYLBUR?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#36 Metroliner telephone article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#7 IBM S/360 series operating systems history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007f.html#62 What happened to the Teletype Corporation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007j.html#6 MTS *FS tape format?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#60 Scholars needed to build a computer history bibliography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#15 The SLT Search LisT instruction - Maybe another one for the Wheelers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#54 new 40+ yr old, disruptive technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#18 Folklore references to CP67 at Lincoln Labs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#23 T3 Sues IBM To Break its Mainframe Monopoly
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#84 IBM Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#85 IBM Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#11 IBM mainframe history, was Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#32 MTS memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#47 MTS memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#94 The Economic Impact of Stimulating Broadband Nationally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#44 Two views of Microkernels (Re: Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#78 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#65 APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#77 More named/shared systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#1 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#70 An inComplete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#34 August 7, 1944: today is the 65th Anniversary of the Birth of the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#76 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#34 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#44 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#37 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#67 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#11 TSO region size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#42 Which non-IBM software products (from ISVs) have been most significant to the mainframe's success?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#6 IBM 360 display and Stanford Big Iron
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#73 Speed of Old Hard Disks - adcons
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#86 Utility of find single set bit instruction?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#44 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#63 The IBM Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#73 Wylbur, Orvyl, Milton, CRBE/CRJE were all used (and sometimes liked) in the past
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#63 Before the PC: IBM invents virtualisation (Cambridge skunkworks)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#19 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#19 From Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#11 Word Length
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#25 VM370 40yr anniv, CP67 44yr anniv
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#68 Should you support or abandon the 3270 as a User Interface?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#63 The Atlas 2 and its Slave Store
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#76 DataPower XML Appliance and RACF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#20 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#22 Teletypewriter Model 33
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#34 World's worst programming environment?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#6 The PDP-8/e and thread drifT?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#71 assembler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#23 [OT ] Mainframe memories
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#24 Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#106 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#67 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#33 Univac 90 series info posted on bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#50 curly brace languages source code style quides
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#20 Do we really need 64-bit addresses or is 48-bit enough?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#29 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#46 John Titor was right? IBM 5100
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#52 The Stack Depth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#57 The Stack Depth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#92 DEBE?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#35 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#62 3705
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#6 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#13 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#25 How the computer transformed economics. And didn't
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#11 Frieden calculator

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
Date: 20 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/38033-wall-street-preparing-dodd-frank-rule-workaround

There was lots of obfuscation/misdirection with Dodd/Frank. Congress had to appear to be doing something
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodd%E2%80%93Frank_Wall_Street_Reform_and_Consumer_Protection_Act

Note, Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize Pecora hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened then and what happened this time (comments that the new congress may have an appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (references to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Dodd was high on "Friends of Mozilo" list
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
who is #1 on time's list of those responsible for the economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

so one of the tactics was to make it extemely complex and take forever to figure out how to specify regulations ... which would move it out of public eye and any resulting regulations have good chance of actually not doing anything (and/or bill would be repealed before regulations could be enacted). Another tactic, wallstreet lobbiests would supply (extremely onerous) text to be inserted in the bill, then when draft bill provision leak, wallstreet would come out publicly lambasting the text.

various articles about the shenanigans
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-wall-street-killed-financial-reform-20120510
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html

http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/are-treasury-and-the-fed-at-odds-over-big-banks-20130524
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

also from "Confidence Men" regarding Volcker rule (in Dodd-Frank), pg430:
But they were fighting on too many fronts. Carl Levin of Michigan and Jeff Merkley of Oregon had discovered that Dodd had discreetly gutted the Volcker Rule

... snip ...

past posts mentioning Dodd-Frank:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#62 Dodd-Frank Act Makes CEO-Worker Pay Gap Subject to Disclosure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#86 Bank email archives thrown open in financial crash report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#48 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#43 I don't work for IBM and I don't make promises I can't deliver on
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#83 The banking sector grew seven times faster than gross domestic product since the beginning of the financial crisis and Too-Big-to-Fail: Banks Get Bigger After Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#34 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#63 21st Century Management approach?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#54 The New Age Bounty Hunger -- Showdown at the SEC Corral
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#12 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#48 The Payoff: Why Wall Street Always Wins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#71 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#73 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#45 What Makes bank regulation and insurance Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#86 How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#14 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#76 The Scholars Who Shill for Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#81 Academics Who Defend Wall St. Reap Reward
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#3 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#68 Economists and our responsibilities to society
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#126 Wall Street's Revenge
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#150 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#25 Gutting Dodd-Frank
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#102 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#69 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#73 IBM Buying Promontory Clinches It: Regtech Is Real

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
Date: 20 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround

How One Goldman Sachs Trader Made More Than $100 Million
http://www.wsj.com/articles/how-one-goldman-sachs-trader-made-more-than-100-million-1476869402
One junk-bond trader at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. earned more than $100 million in trading profits for the firm earlier this year, an unusual gain at a time when new regulations have pushed Wall Street to take fewer risks.

... snip ...

The Insidious (and Totally Legal?) Way That Industry Has Infiltrated Congress
http://www.pogo.org/straus/issues/congress/2016/the-insidious-and-totally-legal-way-industry-infiltrated-congress.html

The Business of America is Lobbying: How Corporations Became Politicized and Politics Became More Corporate
https://www.amazon.com/Business-America-Lobbying-Corporations-Politicized-ebook/dp/B00TXHWXEC/

loc761-65:
Consider Dodd-Frank's proposed "Volcker Rule"--an attempt to prevent banks from engaging in "proprietary trading" (basically, gambling with clients' money). The Volcker Rule began as a three-page proposal. It grew to 10 pages in the Dodd-Frank bill. More than a year later, the proposed rule had grown to an unwieldy 298 pages, and regulators faced more than 1,300 question letters on 400 topics. As the New York Times reported: "Even the helpful summary prepared by Sullivan & Cromwell, a law firm that represents big banks... runs a dense 41 pages."

... snip ...

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

past posts mentioning Sullivan & Cromwell:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#11 UK government plans switch from Microsoft Office to open source
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#36 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#28 channel islands, definitely not the location of LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#62 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#13 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#86 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#29 Eric Holder Returns as Hero to Law Firm That Lobbies for Big Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#36 Eric Holder, Wall Street Double Agent, Comes in From the Cold
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#7 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#0 How Corporate America Invented Christian America; Inside one reverend's big business-backed 1940s crusade to make the country conservative again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#28 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#78 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#79 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#11 Study: Cost of U.S. Regulations Larger Than Germany's Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
Date: 20 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround

How a Goldman Sachs trader can make $100 million in the Volcker Rule era
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/how-a-goldman-sachs-trader-can-make-100-million-in-the-volcker-rule-era-2016-10-20
It looks like proprietary trading. It walks and talks like proprietary trading. A Goldman Sachs junk-bond trader earned more than $100 million in profits buying and selling distressed corporate debt earlier this year, but according to a Wall Street Journal report on Wednesday, the trades don't violate the so-called Volcker Rule because the trader is a market-maker not a soon-to-be prohibited proprietary trader.

... snip ...

too big to fail (too big to prosecute, too big to jail) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

past posts mentioning Volcker:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#71 Bush - place in history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009f.html#51 On whom or what would you place the blame for the sub-prime crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#20 U.K. lags in information security management practices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#25 Opinions on the 'Unix Haters' Handbook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#35 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#46 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#49 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#66 the Federal Reserve, was Re: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#68 Who is Really to Blame for the Financial Crisis?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#71 Don't Dump the Volcker Rule Just Because It's Not Perfect
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#79 The men who crashed the world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#73 A question for the readership
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#83 Heading For World War III | Gerald Celente Trends Blog
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#91 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#44 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#72 Chris Dodd's SOPA crusading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#88 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#11 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#43 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#47 Where are all the old tech workers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#2 Occupy the SEC (Securities & Exchange Commission)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#5 Too big not to fail
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#19 Occupy the SEC Pitches An Extreme Makeover of Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#39 Greek knife to Wall Street
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#54 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#63 The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#86 CISPA legislation seen by many as SOPA 2.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#67 Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#9 JPM LOSES $2 BILLION USD!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#10 Accidentally Released - and Incredibly Embarrassing - Documents Show How Goldman et al Engaged in 'Naked Short Selling'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#16 Psychology Of Fraud: Why Good People Do Bad Things
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#30 24/7/365 appropriateness was Re: IBMLink outages in 2012
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#48 Owl: China Swamps US Across the Board -- Made in China Computer Chips Have Back Doors, 45 Other "Ways & Means" Sucking Blood from US
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#56 Why Hasn't The Government Prosecuted Anyone For The 2008 Financial recession?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#31 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#37 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#38 Other Than In Computers, Civilization Basically Stopped Progressing In The 1960s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#45 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#46 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#64 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#77 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#6 Good article. Friday discussion type
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#36 Race Against the Machine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#40 Core characteristics of resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#12 Does the IBM System z Mainframe rely on Security by Obscurity or is it Secure by Design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#29 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#3 OT: Tax breaks to Oracle debated
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#19 More Whistleblower Leaks on Foreclosure Settlement Show Both Suppression of Evidence and Gross Incompetence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#42 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#55 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#30 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#48 Citigroup is the Real Reason We Need the Volcker Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#33 War or Jobs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#105 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#80 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#75 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#76 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#48 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#4 Decimal point character and billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#50 A National Infrastructure Program Is a Smart Idea We Won't Do Because We Are Dysfunctional

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 21 Oct 2016 09:09:33 -0700
Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/10/21/shielded_vms/

The main thing VMs are missing is something like Intel's trusted platform module (TPM), the cryptographic signing technique that binds a workloads to a known server. If you apply TPM to a server and then to an application, the workload just won't run unless it's on a server it's been told to trust. Or to put it in terms that Jurassic Park's Dennis Nedry would understand: without the magic word, you'll be locked out.

... snip ...

Old reference to doing talk about chip I was doing, in assurance panel in the trusted computing tract (gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20011109072807/http://www.intel94.com/idf/spr2001/sessiondescription.asp?id=stp+s13

Guy running TPM was in the front row, so I quip that it is nice to see that TPM is starting to look more & more like my chip, he quips back that I don't have committee of 200 helping me with the design.

... virtual machines ... the new old thing .... working on virtual machines since Jan1968

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm5.htm#asrn1 Assurance, e-commerce, and some x9.59 ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#idf Intel Developer's Forum ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001c.html#20 Something wrong with "re-inventing the wheel".?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#58 Price Tag for End-to-End Encryption: $4.8 Billion, Mercator Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#5 Moving to the Net: Encrypted Execution for User Code on a Hosting Site
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#48 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#7 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked - PCWorld
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#34 "Unhackable" Infineon Chip Physically Cracked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#38 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#63 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#74 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#9 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#53 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#50 The Credit Card Criminals Are Getting Crafty
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#72 Orientation - does group input (or groups of data) make better decisions than one person can?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#73 From OODA to AAADA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#11 Credit cards with a proximity wifi chip can be as safe as walking around with your credit card number on a poster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#59 RISCversus CISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#24 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#72 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#48 Hello?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#53 The secret's out for secure chip design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#58 2012 History Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#63 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#66 German infosec agency warns against Trusted Computing in Windows 8
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#88 NSA and crytanalysis
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#55 "NSA foils much internet encryption"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#41 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#24 UEFI?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#42 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#55 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#26 Whole Earth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#83 Winslow Wheeler's War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#72 Do we really?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#20 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#43 Ransomware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#55 Institutional Memory and Two-factor Authentication
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#8 Intel spyware chip?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#63 Missile Defense
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
Date: 21 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#83 IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Contractors Hacked Other Contractors and Agencies for Financial Gain
https://www.oodaloop.com/osint/cyber/2015/06/30/contractors-hacked-other-contractors-and-agencies-for-financial-gain/

even BAH got its hand slapped using classified information for financial gain
http://www.federalnewsradio.com/130/2738345/Air-Force-suspends-Booz-Allens-San-Antonio-office

another BAH contractor
https://www.emptywheel.net/2016/10/05/hal-er-um-bah-bites-nsa/

one of the issues is gov. agencies can't lobby congress, and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress. But it is possible to outsource gov. to beltway bandits that are owned by private-equity companies ... and the private-equity companies can lobby congress (on behalf of companies they own).

How Corporations Bought Washington (it was cheap)
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/10/06/corporate-lobbying-a-government-for-sale

note that the above mentions executive order to close the "revolving door" ... however there was also campaign rhetoric that the enormous uptic in outsourcing that went on in the previous administration would be reversed ... which didn't happen.

At Booz Allen, a Vast U.S. Spy Operation, Run for Private Profit
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/07/us/booz-allen-hamilton-nsa.html

triva: last decade there was enormous uptic in outsourcing gov. to for profit companies ... especially those owned by private-equity companies that lobbied intensely on behalf of their subsidiaries (gov. agencies can't lobby congress and companies can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby congress, but private-equity owners can lobby on behalf of the companies they own). There was rapid spreading success of failure culture among the beltway bandits.
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/

other posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure

more trivia: after stint in POK responsible for mainframe loosely-coupled architecture, my wife went to new IBM subsidiary that was located in large office bldg. in Tysons Corner. When IBM liquidated the subsidiary, the office bldg. was eventually acquired by BAH. BAH then built a 2nd identical bldg with lobby between the two. Some years ago we had meeting with former agency director that had joined BAH ... who's office was nearly identical physical location of my wife's office (when BAH bought the bldg, they gutted the interior, but the office was same flr and same set of windows).

more on BAH employee

Ex-NSA contractor hoarded 20 years of secrets; Investigators have seized 50TB of information from Harold Martin, the former NSA contractor
http://www.computerworld.com/article/3133747/security/ex-nsa-contractor-hoarded-20-years-of-secrets.html

and "The Business of America is Lobbying: How Corporations Became Politicized and Politics Became More Corporate", loc178-80:
Questions about the relationship of capitalism and democracy are as old as, well, both capitalism and democracy. What is new is that, in recent years, large corporations have achieved a pervasive position that is unprecedented in American political history. The most active companies now have upwards of 100 lobbyists representing them who are active on a similar number of different bills in a given session of Congress.

... snip ...

One of the issues with the huge upswing in outsourcing (and lobbying) last decade was that gov. agencies are prevented from lobbying and companies are prevented from using money from gov. contracts for lobbying (putting many beltway bandits on nearly same level as gov. agencies). However, private-equity owners of beltway bandits aren't restricted in their lobbying (on behalf of their subsidiaries).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2016 10:54:59 -0700
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:
In college we had a small course in organisational dynamics, and they pushed the number 12 as the natural maximum of intense human interaction, like in a development group etc. They would need one full time manager for every 12, half time for every 6; i a sense being the 13th, but not then participating in the exchange of information, just oiling it so it flows.

The next level is not 12^2 or 144, but 12^2 - 12 or 132. Each member of the core team is the manager of a separate team, but will have to participate in the information flow; thus the -12. This was noted as extremes, with realistic expectations of around 9 or 100 successfully running intense interactions.

The textbooks stated that nowhere had any bigger "intense interaction" team succeeded without breaking totally between the different teams.

I read the textbooks to reproduce on exams, but later experience has had these scales rear their heads again and again.

So, a committee of 200 had better have half their members take a leave of absence, and divide up into 10-12 groups. 12 is workable given a good leader who can stay out of daily operations but keep the information flowing.

Note how parliaments organise. They are generally 150-600 persons, with commitees of 8-20 people, and divided into government and opposition roughly equally; and with 10-12 committee leaders doing all the important deals.

Thus there are two or more separate teams, with the government having around 100 core MPs plus a few scores of "back benchers", who are left as vote cattle in the larger parliaments.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

there is folklore that after the head of YKT computer science left to head up HPLabs ... he commented that he missed having so many of the smartest people in the world to talk with ... however when it came to getting things done, having only one of the smartest people in the world in the room ... things progressed much faster (where-as having multiple smartest people in the world in the room, can devolve into unresolvable different points of view).

the issue with TPM is design committee of 200+ people ... with a large variety of different motivations that wanted to see their special agendas represented in TPM (as opposed to a 200+ implementation committee) ... old IBM joke about camel is a race horse designed by a committee. a trivial example are claims that the DRM forces trying to get support for enforcing DRM rules (digital rights management, aka copyright protection) included as part of TPM security. Rather than just protecting "your" computer from external exploits (aka recent DDOS attacks on DNS by millions of compromised internet devices), also things like preventing you from using your computer for things various special interests object (viewing movies you haven't paid for).

military tends to have very clear lines of command ... while it may have large people deployed to achieve some objective ... who makes final decision on what needs to be done is very clear.

this is where the claim that (benevolent) dictatorship can be much more efficient than a democracy (in making decisions) ... but when things go wrong, can be much, much worse.

there is issue that at different levels in an organization, there can be specialization in different kinds of decision. In briefings, Boyd would comment that US corporate culture was being contaminated by former military officers, heavily steeped in rigid, top-down command&control, climbing corporate ladders. Claim is this is left over from WW2 where US had to deploy a huge numbers with little or no experience and had to leverage the few experienced members available (rigid micro-management from the top). Boyd would contrast that with Guderian (for blitzkreig) gave direction of Verbal Orders Only ... with objective of person on the spot makes decision (lessening concern about after action blame reviews).

we've been having ongoing discussions about "auftragstaktik" (mission command) ... there is large, active facebook discussion group on the subject. there are examples when the US military establishment has attempted to deal with "auftragstaktik" ... they manage to get it horrible contorted (minimize threat to the establishment and status quo)
http://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2016/6/4/the-language-of-mission-command-and-the-necessity-of-an-historical-approach

past Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

The contamination of US corporate culture (that only those at the very top know what they ware doing) has been used to justify the explosion in the ratio of executive to worker compensation to 400:1 (after having been 20:1 for a long time). past posts mentioning "inequality" ... including the 400:1 ratio
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#inequality

for a little more drift, The Clausewitz Roundtable
https://www.amazon.com/Clausewitz-Roundtable-Michael-J-Lotus-ebook/dp/B01KCX0G4Y/

loc3772-75:
To select just one inexcusable failure, Secretary of DEFENSE Donald Rumsfeld was determined to use a relatively small force to execute the war, believing correctly that the goal of destroying the Iraqi army could be achieved in this fashion, and that using a relatively smaller force was otherwise advantageous. However, this approach was totally at odds with the further, ill-considered war aim of "transforming" Iraq into a democratic ally. This aim was delusional and should never have been a policy of the American government.

... snip ...

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
and posts on the Iraqi WMD issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2016 11:17:40 -0700
drb@ihatespam.msu.edu (Dennis Boone) writes:
Emergency management aims for a span-of-control of more like 1:5, though large-scale law enforcement operations apparently often run higher. Presumably the stresses of firefighting or disaster response reduce the acceptable level.

Software development seems somewhat unlike middle management. I'd be curious to know how the 1:12 ratio pans out there.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

span-of-control somewhat related to how tightly control is required ... aka rigid control or auftragstaktik ... and how similar/repetitive the operations. Boyd pointed out that in WW2, German military operated with 3% officers while US required 11% growing to nearly 20% officers to enforce rigid, top-down, command&control.

Boyd posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

we get some amount of first responders at boyd conferences ... somewhat more focused on Boyd's OODA-loop ... training for making immediate decisions, earlier version Elements of Military Art and Science by H. W. Halleck, 1846
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/16170

log5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

... snip ...

as compared to Boyd's observe, orientate, decide, and act
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OODA_loop
span of control
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Span_of_control

a few past posts mentioning "span of control"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#34 Why did OSI fail compared with TCP-IP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#35 What's a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#44 latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#28 Manazir: Networked Systems Are The Future Of 5th-Generation Warfare, Training

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Date: 23 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
I did a form of processor affinity back in the 70s when I first did multiprocessor support ... and initially deployed on the consolidated US HONE datacenters in palo alto (objective was to improve cache hit rates ... rather than let application flitter from one processor cache to another ... with high cache overhead each time.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

TPM is hardened security core part of trusted computing. The comment in the article is about not letting applications run on processors that they aren't authorized for ... aka this is DRM (digital rightts management) copyright protection, only let stuff run on machines that they have been authorized & paid for. Original TPM was to not let viruses and trojan horses run on your system as part of preventing system compromises (like the botnets that have been attacking DNS for the past week). Then hollywood and software licenses people wanted to also use it to prevent playing music/movies not paid for (original was to enhance security of the individual's system, then institutions wanted to make sure they could control what the individuals used their system for).

assurance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#assurance

other posts in other thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#14 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Oct 2016 08:41:49 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#14 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#15 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

posted today by somebody, somewhere

Three Problems with Top-Down Teams (and How to Fix Them)
http://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/three-problems-top-down-teams-how-fix-them
Problem #1: Not Enough Participation
Problem #2: Influence From the Wrong Players
Problem #3: Not Enough Conflict


... snip ...

and

Making Dumb Groups Smarter
https://hbr.org/2014/12/making-dumb-groups-smarter
"Groupthink" is the term most often applied to the tendency of groups to go astray. Popularized in the early 1970s by the psychologist Irving Janis, it has deservedly entered the popular lexicon. But Janis's contribution is more an evocative narrative than either a scientific account of how groups go wrong or helpful guidance for group success. Many researchers have tried to find experimental evidence to support his specific claims about how cohesion and leadership styles shape group behavior, to little avail.

... snip ...

I've posted a few times about JAD person ... person responsible for keeping JAD on track
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_Application_Design
Joint Application is a term originally used to describe a software development process pioneered and successfully deployed during the mid-1970s by the New York Telephone Co's Systems Development Center under the direction of Dan Gielan. Following a series of remarkably successful implementations of this methodology, Gielan lectured extensively in various forums on the methodology, its benefits and best practices. of IBM Canada created and named JAD in 1974, or Joint Application Design, as it is currently used in software development. While working at IBM in Regina, Saskatchewan, Arnie Lind, a Senior Systems Engineer at the time, was searching for a better way to implement applications at IBM's customers. The existing method entailed application developers spending months learning the specifics of a particular department or job function, and then developing an application for the function or department. In addition to significant development backlog delays, this process resulted in applications taking years to develop, and often not being fully accepted by the application users.

... snip ...

past posts mentioning JAD:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#10 Taligent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#46 Where are they now : Taligent and Pink
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#93 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003g.html#62 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#64 Systems software versus applications software definitions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005i.html#42 Development as Configuration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#36 Future of System/360 architecture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#22 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#26 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#15 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#16 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#59 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#60 Far and near pointers on the 80286 and later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#50 Information on obscure text editors wanted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#14 New words, language, metaphor

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Why Large Companies Can't Innovate

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
Date: 24 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
http://www.technewsworld.com/story/84017.html

and

Research: Industrial Espionage Is More Effective Than R&D
https://hbr.org/2016/11/industrial-espionage-is-more-effective-than-rd

one of the scenarios is that the MBA culture is myopically focused on monopolies and protecting the status quo.

past posts mentioning MBA and monopolies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#65 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#73 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#39 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#51 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#15 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer

past posts mentioning innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm10.htm#smallpay3 Small/Secure Payment Business Models
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm11.htm#39 ALARMED ... Only Mostly Dead ... RIP PKI .. addenda
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm12.htm#23 10 choices that were critical to the Net's success
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#7 The Digital Insider: Backdoor Trojans ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm25.htm#14 Sarbanes-Oxley is what you get when you don't do FC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm26.htm#14 Who has a Core Competency in Security?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#27 Break the rules of governance and lose 4.9 billion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#56 Signs of Liability: 'Zero Day Threat' blames IT and Security industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#72 What are the current INNOVATIVE ICT Security Services, that are in demand or highly marketable at the moment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#aadsatm (certificate-less) digital signatures can secure ATM card payments on the internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm6.htm#ppsem1 Payment Processing Seminars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#10 InfoSpace Buys ECash Technologies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay10.htm#53 First International Conference On Trust Management
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#49 A More Anonymous Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay12.htm#28 Carnegie Mellon to host first US-based intl'l conference on electronic commerce
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#x959risk3 Risk Management in AA / draft X9.59
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#erictalk Announce: Eric Hughes giving Stanford EE380 talk this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay6.htm#erictalk2 Announce: Eric Hughes giving Stanford EE380 talk this
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay8.htm#bis7 BIS Papers No. 7 - Electronic finance: a new perspective and challenges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ansiepay.htm#micropay Micropayments & IETF ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#19 Hard disks, one year ago today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#19 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#20 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#37 FW: NEW IBM MAINFRAMES / OS / ETC.(HOT OFF THE PRESS)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#54 VLIW at IBM Research
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#18 OT?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#44 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#45 Al Gore and the Internet (Part 2 of 2)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#22 No more innovation? Get serious
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000g.html#40 No more innovation? Get serious
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#19 Disk caching and file systems. Disk history...people forget
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#0 A future supercomputer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#4 A future supercomputer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#43 Economic Factors on Automation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#37 Credit Card # encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#60 CMS FILEDEF DISK and CONCAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#26 IBM SHRINKS by 10 percent
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#19 PowerPC Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#54 Unisys A11 worth keeping?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#50 Microsoft's innovations [was:the rtf format]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#51 Microsoft's innovations [was:the rtf format]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#52 Microsoft's innovations [was:the rtf format]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#54 Microsoft's innovations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#56 Microsoft's innovations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002n.html#50 EXCP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#76 (old) list of (old) books
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#60 founder, cambridge science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#23 diffence between itanium and alpha
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#65 Dijkstra on "The End of Computing Science"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003e.html#44 The Pentium 4 - RIP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#16 OSI not quite dead yet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#5 Hyperthreading vs. SMP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#37 The BASIC Variations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004.html#34 Two subjects: 64-bit OS2/eCs, Innotek Products
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#6 Memory Affinity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#7 Digital Signature Standards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#13 were dumb terminals actually so dumb???
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#8 network history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004g.html#51 Channel busy without less I/O
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004h.html#33 Vintage computers are better than modern crap !
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#12 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#19 The Soul of Barb's New Machine (was Re: creat)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#37 [OT?] FBI Virtual Case File is even possible?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005d.html#45 Thou shalt have no other gods before the ANSI C standard
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#7 Firefox Lite, Mozilla Lite, Thunderbird Lite -- where to find
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#16 Code density and performance?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#2 Innovative password security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005p.html#6 Innovative password security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#40 another blast from the past ... VAMPS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#17 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#34 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006h.html#17 The Pankian Metaphor
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#13 virtual memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#24 Value of an old IBM PS/2 CL57 SX Laptop
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#25 Can anythink kill x86-64?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006k.html#50 TSO and more was: PDP-1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#0 history of computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#22 Patent #6886160
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#42 Why is zSeries so CPU poor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006r.html#13 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#14 In Search of Stupidity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#32 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#47 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#22 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#38 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#41 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#46 'Innovation' and other crimes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#44 Is computer history taught now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#48 time spent/day on a computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#42 Experts: Education key to U.S. competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#70 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#7 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#10 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#52 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#61 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#22 Another "migration" from the mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#22 U.S. Cedes Top Spot in Global IT Competitiveness
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#65 mainframe = superserver
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#15 Patents, Copyrights, Profits, Flex and Hercules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#18 Scholars needed to build a computer history bibliography
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#52 Windows Monitor or CUSP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#55 computerworld 40 yr articles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#39 It's No Secret: VMware to Develop Secure Systems for NSA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#13 IBM Releases Office Desktop Software at No Charge to Foster Collaboration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#58 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#50 US or China?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#37 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#53 Fixing our fraying Internet infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#63 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#66 The new urgency to fix online privacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#22 America Competes spreads funds out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#50 Running REXX program in a batch job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#6 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#10 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#11 Translation of IBM Basic Assembler to C?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#57 Unsung innovators: 10 people who shaped the computer industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007t.html#73 Remembering the CDC 6600
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#19 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#34 25 years: A technology timeline
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#3 on-demand computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#20 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#78 Move over US -- China to be new driver of world's economy and innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#41 Move over US -- China to be new driver of world's economy and innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#46 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#56 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#9 Toyota Sales for 2007 May Surpass GM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#1 Migration from Mainframe to othre platforms - the othe bell?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#36 Batch job to perform sftp transfer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#38 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#56 Any benefit to programming a RISC processor by hand?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#43 independent appraisers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#50 Toyota's Value Innovation: The Art of Tension
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#82 A Super-Efficient Light Bulb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#90 WWII supplies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#98 Innovation: biggest draw in the West
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#18 IT full of 'ducks'? Declare open season
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#3 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#31 Mastering the Dynamics of Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008j.html#76 lack of information accuracy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#15 Financial Crisis - the result of uncontrolled Innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#16 Is Information Security driven by compliance??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#29 Signposts on the US Government's Trail of IT Failures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#32 How much is 700 Billion Dollars??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#70 Employees sue for non-paid PC boot-up time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#20 TOPS-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#29 Let IT run the company!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#9 Is SUN going to become x86'ed ??
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#50 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#68 IT Infrastructure Slideshow: The IBM Mainframe: 50 Years of Big Iron Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#12 IBM Mainframe: 50 Years of Big Iron Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#14 IBM Mainframe: 50 Years of Big Iron Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#80 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#46 64 Cores -- IBM is showing a prototype already
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#23 Database Servers: Candy For Hackers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#33 IBM touts encryption innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#24 Barclays online banking borked
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#35 Cybersecurity Today: The Wild, Wild West
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#78 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#81 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#82 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#4 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#10 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#16 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#20 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#34 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#35 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#46 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#47 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#48 Strong Authentication Not Strong Enough
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#53 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#60 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#61 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#73 70 Years of ATM Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#39 Six Months Later, MasterCard Softens a Controversial PCI Rule
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#44 PCI and Network Encryption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#5 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#26 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#35 Processes' memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#27 Should the USA Implement EMV?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#75 Is Security a Curse for the Cloud Computing Industry?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#60 Itanium had appeal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#71 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#50 Ten examples of why the humble ATM = innovation in 2010
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#7 Seeking *Specific* Implementation of Star Trek Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#13 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#53 Is the ATM still the banking industry's single greatest innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#25 Will new card innovation help interchange and improve retention?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#28 Will new card innovation help interchange and improve retention?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#16 The Scariest Company in Tech
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#21 Compressing the OODA-Loop - Removing the D (and maybe even an O)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#68 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#74 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#48 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#22 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#53 IBM and the Computer Revolution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#20 When is performance really an issue? Was: Running an ISPF applicction from one pds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#28 The National Security Agency Releases Over 50,000 Pages of Declassified Documents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#45 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#53 Leaving the world of standard operating procedures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#62 Announcement of the disk drive (1956)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#79 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#6 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#7 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#11 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#14 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#54 Why stability trumps innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#10 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#12 Selectric Typewriter--50th Anniversary
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#15 Any candidates for best acronyms?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#29 It's Cool To Be Clever
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#35 How old is the oldest email in your current email inbox?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#45 What is IBM culture?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#2 Soups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#89 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#92 Innovation and iconoclasm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#60 Civilization, doomed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#71 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#73 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#76 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#77 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#80 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#82 How Pursuit of Profits Kills Innovation and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#0 Revolution Through Banking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#4 The Myth of Work-Life Balance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#59 IBM's z196 Article at RWT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#92 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#20 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#72 Original Thinking Is Hard, Where Good Ideas Come From
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#10 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#35 Masters in strategy ... seeking advice
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#63 The Economist's Take on Financial Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#64 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#16 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#24 ExplicitTacit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#31 PC industry is heading for more change
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#34 The never-ending SCO lawsuit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#60 Candid Communications & Tweaking Curiosity, Tools to Consider
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#70 Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#104 Time to Think ... and to Listen
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#24 Time to competency for new software language?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#90 How do you feel about the fact that India has more employees than US?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#7 Adult Supervision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#80 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#73 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#20 Vm & ZLinux VSWITCH question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#95 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#28 Why Asian companies struggle to manage global workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#83 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#0 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#2 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#5 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#11 Obama Was Right: The Government Invented the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#19 SnOODAn: Boyd, Snowden, and Resilience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#21 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#42 The IBM "Open Door" policy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#52 Crovitz Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#7 More Evidence Wall Street is Overpaid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#10 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#53 CALCULATORS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#79 zEC12, and previous generations, "why?" type question - GPU computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#92 What if practices rather than ideas are the main sources of innovation?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#29 Jedi Knights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#8 Initial ideas (orientation) constrain creativity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#48 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printerhistory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#53 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#6 Real Hackers use Big Iron (Humor)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#15 Why former IBMers who left maybe years ago for any reason are still active on the Greater IBM Connection?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#22 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#18 How do we fight bureaucracy and bureaucrats in IBM?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#74 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#23 AT&T Holmdel Computer Center films, 1973 Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#61 Google Patents Staple of '70s Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#75 Fortran
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#81 Still not convinced about the superiority of mainframe security vs distributed?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#34 IBM Mainframe (1980's) on You tube
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#0 What in your opinion is the one defining IBM product?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#10 The Knowledge Economy Two Classes of Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#92 Continuing cloud computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#19 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#63 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#93 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#4 IBM commitment to academia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#68 Boyd's cycle: the path to guaranteed success + 6 big companies as evidence
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#24 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#39 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#40 copyright protection/Doug Englebart
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#68 Steve B sees what investors think
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#70 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#82 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#88 The US Is Quietly Losing Its Innovation Edge to China
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#36 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#37 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamationmade30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#88 Microsoft, IBM lobbying seen killing key anti-patent troll proposal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#26 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#28 The History of the Grid
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#33 Warnings for the U.S. military about innovation and the information age: The Pentagon looks like a minicomputer firm
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#12 Mac at 30: A love/hate relationship from the support front
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#66 Salesmen--IBM and Coca Cola
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#77 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#97 Where does the term Wild Duck come from?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#98 How to groom a leader?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#53 Not Wild Ducks but Wild Geese - The history behind the story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#54 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#65 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#3 Let's Face It--It's the Cyber Era and We're Cyber Dumb
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#76 Crowdsourcing Diplomacy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#89 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#91 IBM layoffs strike first in India; workers describe cuts as 'slaughter' and 'massive'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#104 ebooks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#9 Boyd for Business & Innovation Conference
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#19 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#61 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#75 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#81 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#90 A Drone Could Be the Ultimate Dogfighter
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#8 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#22 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#67 Fifty Years of nitpicking definitions, was BASIC,theProgrammingLanguageT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#94 Why Financialization Has Run Amok
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#111 The Decline and Fall of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#54 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#59 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#65 Are you tired of the negative comments about IBM in this community?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#69 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#74 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#79 EBFAS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#80 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#99 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#6 TSO Test does not support 65-bit debugging?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#7 You can make your workplace 'happy'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#40 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#41 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#38 Meet Cobol's hard core fans
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#48 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#49 Ada's fate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#51 Is coding the new literacy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#86 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#15 weird apple trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#81 OT: article on foreign outsourcing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#22 Two New Papers Say Big Finance Sectors Hurt Growth and Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#85 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#106 IBM System/32, System/34 implementation technology?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#57 Inaugural Podcast: Dave Farber, Grandfather of the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#21 Credit card fraud solution coming to America...finally
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#34 The joy of simplicity?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#58 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#35 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#49 Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#77 Qbasic - lies about Medicare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#88 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#9 IBM's 96 column punch card (was System/3)?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#43 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#126 Five myths about the Web
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#10 Boyd OODA-loop Innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#68 Strategic Bombing

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"
Date: 24 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Bundesbank Confirms HFTs Reduce Liquidity, Contribute To Flash Crashes, Withdraw At Times Of "Market Stress"
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-24/bundesbank-finds-hfts-reduce-liquidity-contribute-flash-crashes-withdraw-times-marke

past posts referencing HFT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#6 FBI arrests programmer for stolen software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#83 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#13 Small Server Mob Advantage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#44 Programmer Charged with thieft (maybe off topic)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#49 "How do you feel about 'gotos'"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#21 HOLLOW STATES and a CRISIS OF CAPITALISM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#13 Study links ultrafast machine trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#21 Study links ultrafast trading with risk of crash
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#86 The Dangers of High-Frequency Trading; Wall Street's Speed Freaks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#92 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#44 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#7 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#22 Assembler vs. COBOL--processing time, space needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#25 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#2 Search Google, 1960:s-style
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#29 Destructive Destruction? An Ecological Study of High Frequency Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#41 Computer Simulations Reveal Benefits of Random Investment Strategies Over Traditional Ones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#54 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#75 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#67 The End Of 'Orderly And Fair Markets'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#58 Traders Said to Rig Currency Rates to Profit Off Clients
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#59 OT: "Highway Patrol" back on TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#89 FBI Finds Holes in System Protecting Economic Data
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#10 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#12 What Makes Infrastructure investment not bizarre
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#50 IBM Furloughs U.S. Hardware Employees to Reduce Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#16 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#53 Retirement Savings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#93 High Frequency Terrorism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#15 Boyd Blasphemy: Justifying the F-35
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#40 The Wall Street Code: HFT Whisteblower Haim Bodek on Algorithmic Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#76 A Little More on the Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#40 ELP weighs in on the software issue:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#54 Pensions, was Re: Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#82 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#89 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#28 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#29 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#43 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#56 Royal Pardon for credit unions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#65 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#7 N.Y. Barclays Libor Traders Said to Face U.K. Charges
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#93 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#96 Lockheed Martin F-35 Jet's Software Delayed, GAO Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#100 New York seeks curbs on high-frequency trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#18 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#60 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#71 FBI Investigates High-Speed Trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#72 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#3 Three Expensive Milliseconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#20 HFT, computer trading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#25 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#41 System Response
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#70 Obama Administration Launches Plan To Make An "Internet ID" A Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#1 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#54 Has the last fighter pilot been born?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#64 HFT is harmful, say US market participants
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#107 The SEC's Mary Jo White Punts on High Frequency Trading and Abandons Securities Act of 1934
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#109 SEC Caught Dark Pool and High Speed Traders Doing Bad Stuff
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#64 Dark Pool Greed Drove Barclays to Lie to Clients, N.Y. Says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#106 only sometimes From looms to computers to looms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#132 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#58 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#26 What were the complaints of binary code programmers that not accept Assembly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#36 IBM CEO Rometty gets bonus despite company's woes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#17 Robots have been running the US stock market, and the government is finally taking control
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#28 Bernie Sanders Proposes A Bill To Break Up The 'Too Big To Exist' Banks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#78 Greedy Banks Nailed With $5 BILLION+ Fine For Fraud And Corruption
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#47 Do we REALLY NEED all this regulatory oversight?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#58 Time to Fire Mary Jo White: SEC Covers Up for Bank Capital Accounting Scam Promoted by Her Former Firm, Debevoise
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#46 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#51 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#53 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#46 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#47 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#48 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#53 seveneves
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#66 Michael Hudson's New Book: Wall Street Parasites Have Devoured Their Hosts -- Your Retirement Plan and the U.S. Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#23 It A "Liquidity Mirage": New York Fed Finally Grasps How Broken The Market Is Due To HFTs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#75 American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#68 Eric Hunsader Explains To CNBC That "Markets Are Always Rigged"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#11 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#95 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#40 Misc. Success of Failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#65 old Western Union Telegraph Company advertising

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 24 Oct 2016 14:30:51 -0700
Huge <Huge@nowhere.much.invalid> writes:
Err, that's why you have "Senior Architect" & "Chief Architect".

And "Security Architect". [blush]


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#11 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#13 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#14 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#15 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#16 Rogue sysadmins the target of Microsoft's new 'Shielded VM' security

i've mentioned before that (before goes missing) Jim Gray cons me into interviewing for chief security architect in Redmond (I had worked with jim at SJR before he leaves for tandem) ... the interview went on for a few weeks, but we could never come to agreement. past refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#7 Hypervisors May Replace Operating Systems As King Of The Data Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#5 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#37 Tap and faucet and spellcheckers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#80 Making tea
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009.html#60 The 25 Most Dangerous Programming Errors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#18 Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats for 2009, will they cause creation of highly-secure Corporate-wide Intranets?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#28 Computer virus strikes US Marshals, FBI affected
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#22 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#20 Cyber attackers empty business accounts in minutes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#3 Hacker charges also an indictment on PCI, expert says
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#15 Idiotic programming style edicts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#67 Outgunned: How Security Tech Is Failing Us
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#85 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#0 CARD AUTHENTICATION TECHNOLOGY - Embedded keypad on Card - Is this the future
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#40 The Great Cyberheist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010q.html#56 Microsoft Wants 'Sick' PCs Banned From The Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#2 What are the implication of the ongoing cyber attacks on critical infrastructure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#21 Closure in Disappearance of Computer Scientist
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#74 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#93 Gordon Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#14 The growing openness of an organization's infrastructure has greatly impacted security landscape
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#24 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#77 Insane Insider Threat Program in Context of Morally and Mentally Bankrupt US Intelligence System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#44 the suckage of MS-DOS, was Re: 'Free Unix!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#72 *uix web security
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#35 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#66 Catching Up on the OPM Breach
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#57 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#58 PL/I advertising

some old refs to Jim gone missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#4 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#6 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#8 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#17 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#33 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#37 MAC and SSL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#28 Jim Gray Is Missing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#25 Remembering The Search For Jim Gray, A Year Later
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#40 A Tribute to Jim Gray: Sometimes Nice Guys Do Finish First

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Fix IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Fix IBM
Date: 25 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
How to Fix IBM
http://www.forbes.com/sites/robertcringely/2014/10/23/how-to-fix-ibm/#3b3e03dd6763

Late 80s, a senior disk engineer gets a talk scheduled at annual, world-wide, internal communication group conference, supposedly on 3174 performance ... but opens the talk with statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group had stranglehold on datacenters with corporate strategic ownership of everything crossing the datacenter walls, and were fiercely fighting off distributed computing and client/server (trying to preserve their dumb terminal paradigm and install base). The disk division was starting to see data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales. The disk division had come up with a number of solutions to reverse the process, but were constantly being vetoed by the communication group.

some disk related posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

a few short yrs later, IBM has gone into the red and was being reorginized into the 13 baby blues in preparation for breaking up the company. Then the board brings in new CEO to reverse the breakup and resurrect the company ... using some of the same techniques used at RJR.
http://www.ibmemployee.com/RetirementHeist.shtml

The president of AMEX had been in competition to becomes the next CEO of AMEX and wins. AMEX was in competition with KKR for private-equity LBO of RJR ... and KKR wins. KKR runs into some problem with RJR and hires away the president of AMEX (not yet made CEO) to turn around RJR.

After the former AMEX president leaves IBM, he becomes the head of another private-equity company ... which does private-equity LBO of the company that employs Snowden (and others).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#83 IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#12 IBM's Gerstner to Join Carlyle As Investment Firm's Chairman

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

note: in the early 90s, the disk division was possibly the furthest along with reorg (and prepared for the breakup) ... even being rebranded as adstar. with adstar's "efforts" to reverse data fleeing to other platforms constantly being vetoed by the communication group, the adstar vp of software was investing in startups ... that used IBM disks for distributed computing and client/server environments ... and he would periodically ask us in to lend assistance ... even going by some of these startups to help.

note: in the early 90s, the disk division was possibly the furthest along with reorg (and prepared for the breakup) ... even being rebranded as adstar. with adstar's "efforts" to reverse data fleeing to other platforms constantly being vetoed by the communication group, the adstar vp of software was investing in startups ... that used IBM disks for distributed computing and client/server environments ... and he would periodically ask us in to lend assistance ... even going by some of these startups to help.

note one speculation is that the financial industry & wallstreet were primarily responsible for reversing the breakup because the financial industry was heavily invested in mainframes ... even while other industries were fleeing mainframes. Through much of this century, financials had annual purchases of mainframes running at the equivalent of 200-300 max. configured systems (although that has been declining this decade, even rumors that IBM might spin-off its mainframe hardware business). The financial industry could almost by itself account for nearly all those sales.

trivia: after we left IBM on early out in 1992 ... but before the breakup was reversed ... we were contacted by somebody in the bowels of Armonk about helping with problem they had with breakup. Lots of business units had MOUs/DOUs to piggy-back off of supplier contracts in other divisions. With a breakup, many of those MOUs/DOUs would have to be converted to explicit contracts because the units would be in different corporations. All of IBM would have to be scoured for all such MOUs/DOUs, inventoried and plans made on what to do as part of the breakup.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

$6.5 TRILLION IS MISSING FROM OBAMA'S DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: $6.5 TRILLION IS MISSING FROM OBAMA'S DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
Date: 26 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
$6.5 TRILLION IS MISSING FROM OBAMA'S DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
http://truthfeed.com/6-5-trillion-is-missing-from-obamas-department-of-defense/18563/

Note the reference to Rumsfeld said it was $2.3T the day before 9/11 ... most of the rest disappeared last decade (during the height of the two wars) and has only grown slowly since. The big issue this decade is that those primarily responsible (from the past) haven't been held accountable.

recent posts mentioning DOD unable to pass financial audit:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#108 Occupy Democrats
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#17 Why do we keep losing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#29 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95 ^A^K boy scouts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#76 Pentagon remains stubbornly unable to account for its billions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#78 New hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#84 New hard drive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#86 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#56 rationality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#65 Economic Mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#30 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#12 Thanks Obama

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act go (spending can't exceed tax revenue, on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that since congress lets "PAYGO" lapse in 2002, congress had cut taxes by $6T and increased spending by $6T for a $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars). In 2004-2005, US Comptroller General started including in speeches that nobody in congress was capable of middle school math (for how badly they were savaging the budget). Since then taxes haven't been restored and spending only slightly reduced, so it has only slowed the rate of debt increase.

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
US Comptroller General posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#comptroller.general
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Are the banks about to lose their hold on their payments business?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Are the banks about to lose their hold on their payments business?
Date: 26 Oct 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
Are the banks about to lose their hold on their payments business?
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/banks-lose-hold-payments-business-enrique-dans?trk=hp-feed-article-title-channel-add

20yrs ago there were lots being written about banks loosing payments to telcos ... at the time, all the hype was that micropayments were the next big thing ... with only the telcos having the dataprocessing backends that were able to handle the projected transaction rates ... and then the telcos would have the infrastructure to move up the value stream to take-over the rest of the payment industry. However

1) micropayments didn't take off as expected 2) telcos were having up to 30% skipping out on cellphones bills and were somewhat ignoring the problem because a) charges for use of fixed resources (no out of pocket losses) and b) focused on growing subscribers, 3) micro-payments involved reimbursements to merchants, if subscribers skipped out on payments, it was real out of pocket losses (which they weren't setup to handle).

By the end of the century, most of the telcos had unloaded their card portfolios (not having infrastructure to handle subscribers not paying their bills).

trivia: in the 90s, when banks thot they might be overrun by competition using new & more efficient technology, banks poured hundreds of millions into congress. The original rhetoric in congress about GLBA (passed in the late 90s, now better known for the repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that the primary purpose of GLBA was that if you already had a banking charter, then you got to keep it, but if you didn't already have a banking charter, you couldn't get one (aka keep new competition out of banking)

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

misc past postings mentioning micropayments:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ansiepay.htm#micropay Micropayments & IETF ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/ansiepay.htm#mapchng Suggested changes to Annex B, 8583 mapping
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay3.htm#smrtcrd Smart Cards with Chips encouraged ... fyi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay8.htm#epso ePSO-N 10 available on Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm3.htm#imicro Authentication in eCommerce applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#21 Solving the problem of micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#27 Solving the problem of micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aepay11.htm#28 Solving the problem of micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm16.htm#3 Is Time Right For Micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/aadsm28.htm#32 How does the smart telco deal with the bounty in its hands?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#80 Authentication in eCommerce applications
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005q.html#1 Effective micropayments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#37 The 20th Century of Central Banking is over
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010i.html#46 SAP recovers a secret for keeping data safer than the standard relational database
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#12 U.S. operators take on credit cards with contactless payment trial
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#85 David Wheeler and the Subroutine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#15 Is it time for a revolution to replace TLS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#76 Did these tech and telecom companies assess the risk and return with respect to Anti-Money Laundering challenges?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#48 Mainframe on NCIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#45 LA Times commentary: roll out "smart" credit cards to deter fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

How to Fix IBM

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: How to Fix IBM
Date: 26 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#20 How to Fix IBM

In the late 90s the financial industry spent billions to move off Cobol overnight batch settlement to straight through processing with large numbers of "killer micros" (motivated by globalization both increasing the workload and decreasing the size of overnight window). Turns out these implementations were using standard parallization libraries that had 100 times the overhead (compared to cobol batch). I got to point this out to some large implementations but was totally ignored. In general they all waited to pilot implementations before seeing them go down in flames (overhead totally swamped anticipated throughput improvements with large numbers of killer micros).

Around the turn of the century, I was asked to look at performance of 500,000 statement cobol overnight batch settlement that ran on >40 max. configured mainframes (needed to complete workload overnight) .... I was able to find about 14% improvement.

Middle of last decade ... I got involved with some new technology that involved high level definition of business rules that they generated fine grain SQL statements that were parallelized by cluster RDBMS implementations (most RDBMS vendors had done enormous work on efficient cluster RDBMS parallelization) ... was able to show mirrored transactions as straight through processing (taken from large ibm mainframe operations that used dozens of max configured mainframe systems doing cobol overnight batch settlement) ... in less elapsed time. These efficient cluster RDBMS implementations included significant amounts of redundancy and all sorts of recovery.

We took it to major financial industry associations and initially got lots of positive interest ... then all stopped and hit a brick wall. We were finally told that there were still quite a few executives that bore the scars of the 90s failures and were quite risk adverse ... it would take another generation before new attempts would be made.

tribute for somebody I worked with at IBM Research
http://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html
Gray is known for his groundbreaking work as a programmer, database expert and Microsoft engineer. Gray's work helped make possible such technologies as the cash machine, ecommerce, online ticketing, and deep databases like Google.

... snip ...

i.e. DBMS ACID properties gave auditors increased assurance that they could trust computer records.
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#12 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#13 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#21 The Worth of Verisign's Brand
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#37 More Phishing scams, still no SSL being used
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#40 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#44 Distributed Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#67 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#47 COBOL - no longer being taught - is a problem
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#78 Software that breaks computer hardware( was:IBM 029 service manual )
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#91 Mainframe Fresher
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#93 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#1 Itanium at ISSCC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#10 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#8 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#49 US payments system failing to meet the needs of the digital economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#50 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#42 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#49 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#80 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#3 We need to talk about TED
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#10 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#74 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#78 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#25 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#48 Windows 10 forceful update?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#84 The mainframe is dead. Long live the mainframe!

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

US Air Power

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From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: US Air Power
Date: 27 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
"Beetle: The Life of General Walter Bedell Smith" references the problems on Omaha Beach, pg628/loc12403-5:
Although things went unpredictably well at Utah, the American assault units on Omaha succeeded in carving out only a dangerously thin beachhead by early evening. With their coastal fortifications breached, the Germans methodically triggered their defense plans, which chiefly meant shifting reserves from one sector to another.

pg628/loc12411-12:
Serious holes remained between the sectors, particularly on either side of Omaha Beach.

... snip ...

"The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" (no precision strategic bombing), loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

aka CAS/tactical as opposed to strategic

GAO Desert Storm Air Power report has tactical air campaign (only last 100hrs were land war) so effective that Iraqis were walking away from their tanks (as sitting ducks) ... the later land war tank battles (with little or no coalition damage) doesn't mention whether the enemy tanks had anybody home. Claim is that for Iraq2, enemy had learned from Iraq1 to minimize exposure to US air power.

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

misc posts mentioning GAO Desert Storm Air Power
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#83 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#2 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#46 The Pentagon Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#68 A-10 Attack Jets Rack Up Air-to-Air Kills in Louisiana War Game
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#16 Keydriven bit permutations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#59 A-10
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#66 fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#46 Remember 3277?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#42 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#43 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#105 Computers anyone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#95 Thanks Obama
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#89 China builds world's most powerful computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#102 Chain of Title: How Three Ordinary Americans Uncovered Wall Street's Great Foreclosure Fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Perpetual War

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Perpetual War
Date: 27 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
CIA-armed militias are shooting at Pentagon-armed ones in Syria
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/nationalsecurity/ct-syria-militias-us-cia-islamic-state-20160326-story.html

the latest in perpetual war

Does American Always Need An Enemy?
http://warnewsupdates.blogspot.com/2016/10/does-american-always-need-enemy.html
Does American Need An Enemy?
http://nationalinterest.org/feature/does-america-need-enemy-18106

perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war
military-industrial(-congressional) complex
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Oct 2016 10:28:34 -0700
Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.businessinsider.com/computer-hard-drives-evolution-2016-10

I got to wander around and play disk engineer last half of 70s and first half of the 80s ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

1979 3370 (and 3310) were "FBA, fixed-block architecture", FBA were the only low-end and mid-range disk offerings ... in the late 70s and early 80s, there was huge explosion in 4300 mid-range business ... including corporate orders of hundreds of systems at a time being placed out in departmental areas (leading edge of distributed computing tsunami). The problem for os360/MVS systems was that they were tightly tied to CKD DASD ... and had no FBA support ... with no mid-range CKD, they couldn't play in that market.

Note that the lack of FBA support continues to this day, even though real CKD DASD haven't been made for decades, having to be simulated on industry standard fixed block disks.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess
Date: 27 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
In 1999 I'm asked to help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child were office blgs in texas that turned out to be empty lots). They then learn that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans (no documentation, no issue of documentation integrity). Triple-A also means that they can start selling to customers restricted to only "safe" investments (like large public & private pension funds, claims it accounts for 30% loss in value) ... and significant factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008.

TBTF (too big to prosecute, too big to jail). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
(triple-A rated) toxic assets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). SEC, OCC, CFTC, FDIC, Treasury and other regulatory agencies all had plenty of opportunity to do something last decade, but just stood by and watch it happen.

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

Rhetoric in congress about Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent another ENRON and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, however it required SEC to do somehting. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, it started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after SOX goes into effect. Less well know is that SOX also had provision that SEC do something about the rating agencies ... but they did as much about that as the fraudulent financial filings.

more posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

There was $700B appropriated for TARP, originally to buy off-book toxic assets ... but with just the four largest TBTF carrying $5.2T off-book at the end of 2008, it would barely dent the problem. As a result the TARP funds was used for other purposes and left to the Federal Reserve for the bailout, buying toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. The FED fought a hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what was going on, when they lost the FED chairman held press conference and said that he thought the TBTF would use the tens of trillions to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he couldn't do anything about it (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note the FED chairman was selected in part because he was a depression era scholar ... but the FED had tried something similar then with the same results, so a different results shouldn't be expected this time. The TBTF are using ZIRP funds to buy Treasuries and clearing $300+B/annum on the spread.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Note that there is scenario where the FED could use ZIRP funds to buy Treasuries and the debt wouldn't cost anything, but then the TBTF would be out their $300+B/annum. Note 2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act expire (spending couldn't exceed tax revenue and on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO does report that since PAYGO expired, tax revenue was cut by $6T (first time taxes were cut to not pay for two wars) and spending increased by $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsible budget. Since then taxes haven't been restored and only modest cut in spending so that the debt continues to increase. Lots of special interests behind the huge tax cuts and military-industrial complex especially behind the spending increases. However there is also the scenario that the FED and TBTF wanted the huge federal debt in order to play the ZIRP Treasuries game.

Note from the S&L crisis there were 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime. The economic mess is 70times larger than the S&L crisis and should have had 70,000 criminal convictions with jailtime, but there has been none. There has been a total of around $300B in fines (compared to the $300+B/annum from ZIRP) for the economic mess and other criminal activity (manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, commodities markets, money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, tax evasion, etc) ... but there is joke that it is so small compared to amounts involved that is is just viewed as cost of running criminal enterprise ... it has also given rise to reference to TBTF as too big to prosecute and too big to jail. From the law of unintended consequences, the largest "fines" have been for running the robo-signing mills to fabricate the documents for the "no-document", liar loans.

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

Other triva; being able to pay for triple-A ratings eliminated any reason for loan originators to care about borrowers' qualifications or loan quality (since they could immediately sell off nearly everything). Then they found that they could make securitized mortgages designed to fail, sell-off to their victims, and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS then steps in and says that it is illegal for them to pay off at less than face value, forcing them to sign document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 27 Oct 2016 18:43:51 -0700
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
Interesting. I noticed that IBM 1316 disk packs had a number of sector notches around the bottom plate. This would have been for the original 1311 drive. The later 2311 drive (and clones) ignored these notches, paying attention only to the double notch that marked the start of the track. Since the IBM 2314 wasn't hard-sectored either, and their model 2316 packs presumably weren't used on other drive types, they dispensed with the multiple sector notches and just left a single notch to mark the start of a track. (Or maybe it was a double notch - I'll have to dig out a pack and check.)

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#26 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

3330s went to 20 track heads/surfaces but only 19 data tracks ... the 20th surface was preformated with rotational positional information (aka issue was that CKD tracks could be arbitrarily formated). 360 CKD search-id had enormous channel busy. 3330 set-sector could be used to reduce channel busy by specify rotational position just in front for the desired search-id (assuming that CKD format was sort of simulated fixed-block with regular id&record positions).

sample simple 360 DASD CCW sequence
seek search tic *=8 read/write

if search matches, it skips a CCW, to the read/write. If search fails, it continues to immediate next CCW, in this case *-8 which branches back to the search CCW to continuing trying match ... potentially every record on track.

360 channel architecture is that search argument can't be prefetched, it must synchronously fetch the search argument from processor memory when encountering a field to be matched (each time).

sample simple "block channel" DASD CCW sequence
seek set sector search tic *-8 read/write

if record&id positions are regular/uniform, then software can specify a set sector (position) of the desired id/record. The set sector will dynamically disconnect from the channel and then attempt to reconnect at the desired rotational position (reducing channel busy for the rotational time).

however, one of the os360/mvs issues was it used CKD feature that allowed searching directory/index for matching record ... VTOC and PDS directory. It uses "mutli-track" search ... which can search every record at an arm position (19 data tracks on 3330). Full multi-track search on 3330 of 19tracks @60revs/sec, elapsed time is 19/60 or almost 1/3rd sec ... where the device, controller and channel are all busy. A multi-cylinder PDS directory could take 2-3 such I/Os ... potentially taking nearly a second to load a PDS member.

FBA just specify the desired record ... and all that gorp dependent on managed indexed (rather than allowing it to be placed outboard on the disk and sequentially searched by I/O).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

I've mentioned before in 1980, getting con'ed into doing channel extension support for the STL IMS (database) group that was being moved to offsite bldg (with online support back into the STL datacenter). Part of this moved the channel program into a channel simulator at the offsite bldg. This drastically reduced the channel protocol chatter latency and overhead. Note that it wouldn't work for the strict CKD DASD architecture search argument had to be dynamically (re-)fetched for each time a compare/matched would be done. However, there is no problem with FBA. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#channel.extender

The vendor tries to convince IBM to release my support, but there was some engineers in POK playing with some serial stuff that objected, they were afraid that if it was in the market, it would make it hardware to get their stuff released.

Then in 1988, I was asked to help LLNL standardize some serial technology they had ... which quickly becomes fibre-channel standard (FCS) ... including the equivalent of downloading channel programs (significantly reducing latency and overhead of doing I/O operations).

The POK engineers that objected to releasing my support in 1980, finally get their stuff released in 1990 (a decade later) with ES/9000 as ESCON when it was already obsolete. Although it was fibre and higher data rate, it still suffered from 25 year old 360 channel procool architecture overhead.

Then some POK channel engineers get involved in FCS and define a heavy-weight protocol that drastically reduces the native FCS I/O throughput ... which is eventually released as as FICON some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#ficon

The most recent IBM mainframe peak I/O benchmark numbers were from z196 where they had 2M IOPS using 104 FICON (running over 104 FCS). At about the same time (2010), there was an announcement of a single FCS for E5-2600 blade claiming over 1M IOPS (over single FCS, two such FCS would have higher throughput than 104 FICON).

Since then there has been some discussion of zHPF/TCM enhanced protocol (some downloading of channel program) that improves FICON throughput by 30% (I first did in 1980) but still far from native FCS I/O throughput. A 30% improvement on z196 peak-i/o throughput of 2M IOPS (over 104 FICONS running on 104 FCS) would be 2.6M IOPS or maybe 80 FICON for 2M IOPS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Date: 27 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
from a.f.c. thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#26 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#28 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

... and from facebook thread ...

I had done "wheeler scheduler" for CP67 as undergraduate in the 60s and IBM picked it up and shipped it as part of CP67 product. As part of the simplification in the morph from CP67 to VM370, lots of stuff was dropped including lots of fastpath performance, scheduler and other algorithm stuff. Customers complained a lot in SHARE. past posts

However, one of my hobbies after joining IBM was production enhanced operating systems for internal datacenters and continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during the Future System period when 370 efforts were being shutdown (even ridiculing FS which wasn't exactly career enhancing). When FS imploded there was mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipelines ... which contributed to decision to release a bunch of my stuff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

Note that in the 23Jun1969 unbundling announcement to start charging for (application) software and bunch of other stuff ... IBM managed to make the case that kernel software should be free. However, the lack of 370 stuff during the FS period is credited with giving the clone processor makers a market foothold. With the FS implosion, the mad rush to get stuff back into 370 product pipeline, and the rise of clone processor makers, they also make the decision to start transition to charging for kernel software ... and a bunch of my stuff was selected to be the guinea pig ... being a charged for add-on to the VM370 release 3 kernel. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

I included a huge amount of stuff that wasn't directly involved with scheduling including restructure of kernel for multiprocessor support (but not the multiprocessor support). The transition to kernel charging initially was that hardware support software would still be free. So when they decided to release multiprocessor support for vm370 ... it required a large amount of my stuff that was in the charged-for release 3 product. Resolution was nearly 90% of the lines of code were moved from the charged for release 3 add-on, to the free release 4 base (as part of releasing multiprocessor hardware support), but didn't bother to change the price of the charge for product (even tho it had been reduced to about 1/10th the number of lines of code).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

I never saw 1301, Nearly all 360/67s shipped to customers with 2301. A 2301 and 2303 fixed head "drum" were similar with head per track on the drum. 2301 treated four tracks as single unit, transferring data over four heads in parallel; 2301 had 1/4th the number of tracks as 2303, but they were four times larger, and the transfer rate was four times higher.

Original CP67 dealt with I/O requests purely FIFO. At the univ. I did rotational ordering and chained requests for same head position. 2301 peak 4k page I/O went from 80/sec to nearly theoretical maximum of 270/sec. On moveable head (2314), i did chained request ordering able to multiple transfers per revolution SIO ... and ordered seek queuing (graceful degradation and nominally nearly doubled 2314 arm throughput).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is Jill Stein Correct? The Federal Reserve Could Buy Up All Outstanding Student Loans?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Is Jill Stein Correct? The Federal Reserve Could Buy Up All Outstanding Student Loans?
Date: 27 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
anothere recent facebook thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#27 Economic Mess

Is Jill Stein Correct? The Federal Reserve Could Buy Up All Outstanding Student Loans?
https://johnhively.wordpress.com/2016/10/27/is-jill-stein-correct-the-federal-reserve-could-buy-up-all-outstanding-student-loans/

There was $700B appropriated for TARP, originally to buy off-book toxic assets ... but with just the four largest TBTF carrying $5.2T off-book at the end of 2008, it would barely dent the problem. As a result the TARP funds was used for other purposes and left to the Federal Reserve for the bailout, buying toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. The FED fought a hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what was going on, when they lost the FED chairman held press conference and said that he thought the TBTF would use the tens of trillions to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he couldn't do anything about it (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note the FED chairman was selected in part because he was a depression era scholar ... but the FED had tried something similar then with the same results, so a different results shouldn't be expected this time. The TBTF are using ZIRP funds to buy Treasuries and clearing $300+B/annum on the spread.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

There is a scenario that the FED could instead use the tens of trillions in ZIRP to directly buy treasuries and the gov. debt wouldn't cost anything, however then the TBTF would be out their $300+B/annum

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

when FED lost legal battle to not release information ... start of ZIRP funds
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Economic Mess

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Economic Mess
Date: 28 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#27 Economic Mess

in the 90s, when banks thot they might be overrun by competition using new & more efficient technology, banks poured hundreds of millions into congress. The original rhetoric in congress about GLBA (passed in the late 90s, now better known for the repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that the primary purpose of GLBA was that if you already had a banking charter, then you got to keep it, but if you didn't already have a banking charter, you couldn't get one (aka keep new competition out of banking). Originally passed along party lines, but there was folklore that president was going to veto it. They then go back and add other provisions to the bill (besides keeping new more efficient competition out of banking and repeal of glass-steagall) and it eventually passes with veto proof 90-8.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Then when chair of CFTC suggested regulating derivatives (heavily used by ENRON), the chair was replaced by the Senator's wife while the Snator got legislation passed preventing derivative regulation (later heavily used to make CDS gambling bets on toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail), the wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and audit committee.

Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny ... gone 404, http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I but, web search for copy
http://investpost.org/cash/greenspan-slept-as-offbooks-debt-escaped-scrutiny/
That same year Greenspan, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt opposed an attempt by Brooksley Born, head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, to study regulating over-the-counter derivatives. In 2000, Congress passed a law keeping them unregulated.

... snip ...

Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

... snip ...

Gramm's wife must have fairly quickly replaced Born, before resigning to join Enron board (and audit committee).

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor
... also gone 404 http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees

... snip ...

Gramm, #2 on time's list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

now this has slightly different slant on the events (and regulation of derivatives, which was later used to make CDS gambling bets on the triple-a rated securitized mortgages designed to fail) "Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right" loc:2953-55:
The most fateful Mercatus Center hire might have been Wendy Gramm, an economist and director at the giant Texas energy company Enron who was the wife of Senator Phil Gramm, the powerful Texas Republican. In the mid-1990s, she became the head of Mercatus's Regulatory Studies Program.

loc2955-57:
There, she pushed Congress to support what came to be known as the Enron Loophole, exempting the type of energy derivatives from which Enron profited from regulatory oversight. Both Enron and Koch Industries, which also was a major trader of derivatives, lobbied desperately for the loophole.

loc2958-59:
Some experts foresaw danger. In 1998, Brooksley Born, chair of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, warned that the lucrative but risky derivatives market needed more government oversight.

loc2959-61:
But Senator Gramm, who chaired the Senate Banking Committee, ignored such warnings, crafting a deregulatory bill made to order for Enron and Koch, called the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.

... snip ...

when FED lost legal battle to not release information ... start of ZIRP funds
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Congress would never have been able to justify the tens of trillions necessary to bail out the TBTF ... they would have all had to be declared insolvent and liquidated (and the executives would have likely had to be criminally charged). It was only the behinds the scenes activity by the FED that could do it.

SECTREAS effectively "scared" congress in appropriating TARP ... supposedly to keep the TBTF from going under. He then used it for other purposes ... largest amount was used to funnel CDS gambling bet payoffs to company he had formally headed.

From the law of unintended consequences ... institutions had to have banking charters to be eligible for FEDs largess ... and FED had to hand out new banking charters to several wallstreet institutions ... including the one formally headed by SECTREAS ... which should have been prohibited under the "primary purpose" of GLBA (no new banking charters) ...

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
ENRON
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
(tripl-A rated) securitized mortgage posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 28 Oct 2016 11:13:44 -0700
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:
It was done because the right wing was pushing a deregulate all business agenda without realizing the impact... and the California Enron situation shows what can happen with bad or deregulation.

long-winded recent post on facebook:

in the 90s, when banks thot they might be overrun by competition using new & more efficient technology, banks poured hundreds of millions into congress. The original rhetoric in congress about GLBA (passed in the late 90s, now better known for the repeal of Glass-Steagall) was that the primary purpose of GLBA was that if you already had a banking charter, then you got to keep it, but if you didn't already have a banking charter, you couldn't get one (aka keep new competition out of banking). Originally passed along party lines, but there was folklore that president was going to veto it. They then go back and add other provisions to the bill (besides keeping new more efficient competition out of banking and repeal of glass-steagall) and it eventually passes with veto proof 90-8.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gramm%E2%80%93Leach%E2%80%93Bliley_Act

Then when chair of CFTC suggested regulating derivatives (heavily used by ENRON), the chair was replaced by the Senator's wife while the Snator got legislation passed preventing derivative regulation (later heavily used to make CDS gambling bets on toxic securitized mortgages designed to fail), the wife then resigns and joins ENRON board and audit committee.

Greenspan Slept as Off-Books Debt Escaped Scrutiny ... gone 404, http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=aYJZOB_gZi0I but, web search for copy
http://investpost.org/cash/greenspan-slept-as-offbooks-debt-escaped-scrutiny/
That same year Greenspan, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt opposed an attempt by Brooksley Born, head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, to study regulating over-the-counter derivatives. In 2000, Congress passed a law keeping them unregulated.

... snip ...

Gramm and the 'Enron Loophole'
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/business/17grammside.html
Enron was a major contributor to Mr. Gramm's political campaigns, and Mr. Gramm's wife, Wendy, served on the Enron board, which she joined after stepping down as chairwoman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

... snip ...

Gramm's wife must have fairly quickly replaced Born, before resigning to join Enron board (and audit committee).

Phil Gramm's Enron Favor ... also gone 404 http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/ but lives on at wayback machine
https://web.archive.org/web/20080711114839/http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-01-15/news/phil-gramm-s-enron-favor/
A few days after she got the ball rolling on the exemption, Wendy Gramm resigned from the commission. Enron soon appointed her to its board of directors, where she served on the audit committee, which oversees the inner financial workings of the corporation. For this, the company paid her between $915,000 and $1.85 million in stocks and dividends, as much as $50,000 in annual salary, and $176,000 in attendance fees

... snip ...

Gramm, #2 on time's list of those responsible for economic mess
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877330,00.html

this has slightly different slant on the events (and regulation of derivatives, which was later used to make CDS gambling bets on the triple-a rated securitized mortgages designed to fail) "Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right" loc:2953-55:
The most fateful Mercatus Center hire might have been Wendy Gramm, an economist and director at the giant Texas energy company Enron who was the wife of Senator Phil Gramm, the powerful Texas Republican. In the mid-1990s, she became the head of Mercatus's Regulatory Studies Program.

loc2955-57:
There, she pushed Congress to support what came to be known as the Enron Loophole, exempting the type of energy derivatives from which Enron profited from regulatory oversight. Both Enron and Koch Industries, which also was a major trader of derivatives, lobbied desperately for the loophole.

loc2958-59:
Some experts foresaw danger. In 1998, Brooksley Born, chair of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, warned that the lucrative but risky derivatives market needed more government oversight.

loc2959-61:
But Senator Gramm, who chaired the Senate Banking Committee, ignored such warnings, crafting a deregulatory bill made to order for Enron and Koch, called the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.

... snip ...

when FED lost legal battle to not release information ... start of ZIRP funds
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Congress would never have been able to justify the tens of trillions necessary to bail out the TBTF ... they would have all had to be declared insolvent and liquidated (and the executives would have likely had to be criminally charged). It was only the behinds the scenes activity by the FED that could do it.

SECTREAS effectively "scared" congress in appropriating TARP ... supposedly to keep the TBTF from going under. He then used it for other purposes ... largest amount was used to funnel CDS gambling bet payoffs to company he had formally headed.

From the law of unintended consequences ... institutions had to have banking charters to be eligible for FEDs largess ... and FED had to hand out new banking charters to several wallstreet institutions ... including the one formally headed by SECTREAS ... which should have been prohibited under the "primary purpose" of GLBA (no new banking charters) ...

Pecora Hearings and/or Glass-Steagall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall
(tripl-A rated) securitized mortgage posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Rhetoric in congress about Sarbanes-Oxley was that it would prevent another ENRON and guarantee that executives and auditors did jail time, however it required SEC to do somehting. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after SOX goes into effect. Less well know is that SOX also had provision that SEC do something about the rating agencies ... but they did as much about that as the fraudulent financial filings.

more posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OODA-loop and virtual machines

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OODA-loop and virtual machines
Date: 30 Oct 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
Breaking the OODA-Loop!
http://www.securityweek.com/breaking-OODA-loop

almost OODA-loop:

The Business of America is Lobbying: How Corporations Became Politicized and Politics Became More Corporate, loc2732-34:
Daft and Weick model the process in a three-stage cycle: first organizations scan their environment for information; then they interpret it; and finally they learn as part of a "process of putting cognitive theories into action."

and older reference:

Elements of Military Art and Science Or, Course Of Instruction In Strategy, Fortification, Tactics Of Battles, &C.; Embracing The Duties Of Staff, Infantry, ... Notes On The Mexican And Crimean Wars. (1846, Henry Wager Halleck), loc5019-20:
A rapid coup d'oeil prompt decision, active movements, are as indispensable as sound judgment; for the general must see, and decide, and act, all in the same instant.

Boyd posts and URLs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

other triva ... gone 404, but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20090117083033/http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/list-archive/0409/8362.shtml
science center posts ... where virtual machines were invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

there are lots of things that could have been done for the internet that would have radically reduced the attack surfaces ... needing to only strengthen a radically smaller number of points. The current paradigm vulnerabilities are so large that it guarantees constant reactive (rather than proactive to prevent).

more folklore

long ago and far away we were brought in as consultants to small client/server startup that wanted to do payments on their server; they had also invented this technology they called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now sometimes called "electronic commerce". I had complete authority over server to payment gateway (which haven't been known to have exploits) ... but could only make recommendations on the client/server part ... which were almost immediately violated ... continue to account for some number of exploits that continue to this day.

we were tangentially involved in the (Cal, original) data breach notification act, having been brought in to help wordsmith the cal. state electronic signature act. Some were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done extensive public surveys. The #1 issue was identity theft, notably fraudulent financial transactions as the result of breaches. The issue is normally entities take security measures in self protection ... in the case of breaches, it wasn't the institutions at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity from the breaches would motivate security measures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

somewhat having done "electronic commerce" we were asked to participate in x9a10 financial standard working group that had been given the requirement to preserve the integrity of the financial infrastructure for *ALL* retail payments. We did detailed end-to-end exploit and vulnerability studies of all kinds of retail payments. We didn't do anything directly about breaches or evesdropping, we write a standard that slightly tweaked the current infrastructure and eliminated the ability of the crooks to use information from previous transactions for fraudulent transactions (eliminated the primary motivation for breaches and need for "SSL", a variation on "replay" attack, enormously reducing the attack surface).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/x959.html#x959

The agency was quite ambivalent, the transactions no longer needed encryption to hide details as countermeasure to fraud, but they were also anonymous. (it was intended for world/ISO standard and at the time the EU had data protection act which included electronic transactions were suppose to be as anonymous as cash). The major problem was that it significantly reduced barriers to entry in payment industry .. this is in time-frame of GLBA, rhetoric on the floor of congress was that the primary purpose of GLBA (now better known for repeal of Glass-Steagall) was to keep new competition out of banking.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

"dual use" threat, in the current paradigm, the information necessary for the crook to make a fraudulent transaction ... is also required in the standard transaction business processes at millions of location around the world; as a result the information is simultaneously both a) needed to be readily available and b) kept confidential and never divulged.

also security proportional to risk to describe the current paradigm, the value of transaction information to the merchant is the profit on the transaction ... which can be a few dollars, while the value of the information to the criminal is the credit limit &/or account balance. As a result the crooks may be able to outspend attacking by orders of magnitude (compared to what merchants can spend defending).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

other folklore, in the early 80s (about the same time I was started sponsoring Boyd's briefings at IBM), we were working with the director of NSF to interconnect the NSF supercomputer centers. We were suppose to get $20M, then congress cuts the budget, some number of other things happen and finally an RFP was released. Internal politics prevent us from bidding, the NSF director tries to help by writting the company a letter (with support from other agencies) copying the CEO, but that just makes the internal politics worse (as does comments that what we already have running is at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As the regional networks tie into the centers, it becomes the NSFNET backbone ... precursor to the modern internet. past posts:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

even more folklore, I worked on CP67/CMS as undergraduate in the 60s, IBM picked up a lot of my stuff and shipped it in the product ... including to many gov. agencies ... which I didn't learn about until much later. Besides, the 3-letter gov. agencies reference in the URL upthread ... there was also (at least) NPG school in Monterey. In fact windows lore, before MS/DOS there was Seattle Computing, and before that CP/M and before that, Kildall worked on CP67 at NPG

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 30 Oct 2016 14:07:58 -0700
andrew@cucumber.demon.co.uk (Andrew Gabriel) writes:
When I joined GEC Computers in 1983, there were some Vermont Research Drums on a couple of systems. They were obsolete by then, but we still had customers with them, so we had to keep a couple for software compatibility testing purposes.

These also had grave warnings about moving them before they spun down, which took ages but I don't know how long. One of our cusomers had managed to unrack one, which was fine whilst it was kept upright, but then on trying to move it which involved tipping it up on a sack trolly, it decided that the massive gyroscopic force was going to win, and it moved sideways instead, and smashed through the front casing of another computer. None of the fitters had realised it was still spinning until then.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#26 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#28 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#29 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

i've mentioned before the story about Berkeley having problems with thermal shutdown of their cdc6000 and problems with the heads dropping on to the spinning surface. They were loosing water pressure for the coolers ... investigation turned out that it corresponded to interval of periodic lawn watering that happened to coincide with a class break (which saw a large number of toilet flushes). a few past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002d.html#6 IBM Mainframe at home
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#57 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009c.html#14 Assembler Question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#72 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#26 EPO's (Emergency Power Off)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#33 Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#41 Neon vs. incandescent indicator lights; The Lonely Computer; electron excitement

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

OODA-loop and virtual machines

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: OODA-loop and virtual machines
Date: 30 Oct 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#29 OODA-loop and virtual machines

the transaction information value to the merchant is the profit on the transaction ... possibly only a couple dollars, the transaction information can be used by the crook for fraudulent transactions to drain the account and/or upto the credit limit. Therefor the value to the crook can be several orders of magnitude times the value to the merchant. The work in X9A10 financial standard work basically eliminated crooks being able to use information from previous transactions to perform fraudulent transaction ... basically a variation on replay attack. It didn't do anything to prevent breaches by crooks to obtain the information ... but it eliminated the risk if crooks had the information and also their motivation for the breaches
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subintegrity.html#harvest

My observation about almost OODA-loop was see/decide/act was it was published in 1846, not bad for over 150yrs ago
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Whitehouse EMAIL

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Whitehouse EMAIL
Date: 30 Oct 2016
Blog: Facebook
Flashback: Bill Clinton cheered 11th hour indictment that doomed Bush re-election
http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/flashback-clinton-cheered-11th-hour-indictment-that-doomed-bush-reelection/article/2606000

Bush (VP and former CIA director) claimed he didn't know anything about Iran-Contra because he was administration full-time point person deregulating the financial industry creating the S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

Another son presides over the economic mess, 70 times larger than S&L crisos

also note that a big player in the Iran-Contra affair was backup tapes for IBM PROFs email server, (IBM PROFs email) used by the whitehouse and several other agencies and gov. operations.

Then in the mid-90s, the staff to the wife of the president was fingered in disappearing hundreds of thousands of emails because the server backup tapes didn't have anything on them ... aka executive branch was starting to realize the threat that email represented.

Possibly the integrity of whitehouse email infrastructure was improved and they had to move to use non-gov. servers.
http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/23/george-w-bush-white-house-lost-22-million-emails-497373.html

Clinton White House "Lost" Emails Too
http://www.judicialwatch.org/blog/2008/01/clinton-white-house-lost-emails-too/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Oct 2016 10:24:35 -0700
pechter@pechter.dyndns.org (William Pechter) writes:
There was a story at DEC Field Service that I have no confirmation on. Back in the 11/70 days there were a number of failures of the DEC RM03's (CDC 9762's) which kept head crashing at the New York Public Library in Manhattan. (The big one with the Lions at the staircase... in every NYC movie).

Replacements were done. All the heads were repeatedly replaced. Nothing seemed to work. Finally, the tech support guys found that the marble floors were too unforgiving and the drive vibrations which were normal were being sent pack to the drives via their frame. You'd have thought the rubber bushings and anti-vibration stuff in the design would've been enough.

The built a platform from some plywood and pallets and raised the drives off the stone floor and found they were getting no more crashes.

Sometimes when you look at environmental factors you don't think of a "too solid" floor.


needed standard datacenter raised flr

there is story about ibm endicott manufacturing problem having consistency/failure problems. somebody is brought in to review the process and noticed chemical wash bath and asked about it being agitated and noticed no surface ripples/disturbance. the local contact says that the bath is being agitated because the specs (says so) has a rotating titanium blade. the person doing review finally convinces them to drain the bath. turns out that the titanium blade was just sitting there on the rotating shaft ... but the aluminum set screw had dissolved (other people never thot to check because of what the spec said)

posts in thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#26 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#28 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#29 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#34 Computer hard drives have shrunk like crazy over the last 60 years -- here's a look back

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: LIFE magazine 1945 "Thinking machines" predictions
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 31 Oct 2016 10:45:16 -0700
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
My latest smartphone has rather more processing power (8 core ARM A53) than the dual core Atom in this FreeBSD workstation (less RAM and storage though) but my car doesn't fly, I have no household robots, there are no colonies off planet and I don't eat food pills - the future is not here yet.

i mentioned before about being brought into the largest airline res system in the 90s to look at ten impossible things ... and started with "ROUTES" ... and one of the items was being able to handle all transactions in the world for all airlines. I went away and came back with an implementation that did all ten impossible things ... including being able to handle all transactions in the world using ten RS/6000 590s. A little over a decade later, cellphones had processor MIP rate greater than the aggregate of those ten 590s. past posts mentioning airline res system and mobile processor power
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#53 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#52 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#34 Access z/OS 3270 TSO from "smartphone"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#43 Sabre; The First Online Reservation System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#56 IBM researchers make 12-atom magnetic memory bit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#59 IBM's z196 Article at RWT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#57 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#59 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each

other ROUTES ref:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#117 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Too Smug to Jail

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Too Smug to Jail
Date: 01 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Too Smug to Jail; 'The Economist' issues a myopic defense of the white-collar criminal
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/features/too-smug-to-jail-w447825
In the mortgage fraud cases, companies knowingly sold defective products to institutional investors, pension funds being a classic customer. Whistleblowers told of executives who knew they were selling investors packets of home loans prone to default, and did it anyway.

... snip ...

Prosecuting Wall Street
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/prosecuting-wall-street/6/
Two high-ranking financial whistleblowers say they tried to warn their superiors about defective and even fraudulent mortgages. So why haven't the companies or their executives been prosecuted?

... snip ...

too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", too big to jail). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

In 1999 I'm asked to help prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of mortgage supporting documents. Securitized mortgages had been used during the S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages (poster child were office blgs in texas that turned out to be empty lots). They then learn that they can pay the rating agencies for triple-A (when both the sellers and rating agencies know they aren't worth triple-A, from Oct2008 congressional testimony). Triple-A rating trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-documentation, liar loans (no documentation, no longer issue of documentation integrity) and no longer need to care about loan quality and/or borrower's qualifications. Triple-A also means that they can start selling to customers restricted to only "safe" investments (like large public & private pension funds, claims it accounts for 30% loss in value) ... and significant factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008.

triple-A toxic CDOs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

Originally, paying for triple-A ratings eliminated any reason to care about loan quality. However, they then found they could design securitized mortgages to faile, sell to their victims and take out CDS gambling bets that they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). AIG was the largest holder of these CDS gambling bets and was negotiating to pay off at 50cents on the dollar. The SECTREAS then steps in and says that it is illegal for them to pay off at less than face value, forcing them to sign document that they can't sue those making the CDS gambling bets and to take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face-value payoffs is the firm formally headed by the SECTREAS.

Jan2009, I'm asked to HTML'ize the Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into '29 crash, resulting in criminal convictions and jailtime) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comments that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill). SEC, OCC, CFTC, FDIC, Treasury and other regulatory agencies all had plenty of opportunity to do something last decade, but just stood by and watch it happen. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

There was $700B appropriated for TARP, supposedly to buy off-book toxic assets ... but with just the four largest TBTF carrying $5.2T off-book at the end of 2008, it would barely dent the problem. As a result the TARP funds was used for other purposes and left to the Federal Reserve for the bailout, buying toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds. The FED fought a hard legal battle to prevent disclosure of what was going on, when they lost the FED chairman held press conference and said that he thought the TBTF would use the tens of trillions to help mainstreet, but when they didn't, he couldn't do anything about it (but that didn't stop the ZIRP funds). Note the FED chairman was selected in part because he was a depression era scholar ... but the FED had tried something similar then with the same results, so a different results shouldn't be expected this time. The TBTF are using ZIRP funds to buy Treasuries and clearing $300+B/annum on the spread. In theory the FED could use ZIRP to buy Treasuries directly and the debt wouldn't cost anything, but then the TBTF would be out the $300+B/annum.
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp > Federal Reserve's 'astounding' report: We loaned banks trillions
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/1201/Federal-Reserve-s-astounding-report-We-loaned-banks-trillions

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Floating point registers or general purpose registers

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Floating point registers or general purpose registers
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Tue, 01 Nov 2016 12:13:37 -0700
George Neuner <gneuner2@comcast.net> writes:
Non-moving memory management is subject to "gambler's ruin".

With a dynamic mix of allocation and deallocation, if the system runs long enough eventually allocation will fail - not because there isn't enough total free memory, but because there isn't a large enough _contiguous_ block.

A huge address space pushes back the threshold, but doesn't eliminate it. Run the system long enough and fragmentation will get the best of you. You can't keep expanding the heap indefinitely ... if you don't hit some soft configuration limit, you certainly will eventually hit some hard resource limit.

Moving (copying) collectors use multiple heap spaces and defragment one or more of the spaces at every collection. Generational collectors are copying collectors that distribute objects among multiple heap spaces according to some criteria - typically age, but also may consider other criteria like size, or mutability, or whether the object contains pointers.

Non-moving collectors use a single heap space. They perform list allocation and typically tolerate fragmentation in the heap until an allocation fails. Then they perform a more expensive compacting collection to defragment the space.

Baker's Treadmill is interesting intellectually because it logically is a multi-space moving collector while physically being a single space non-moving collector.


old lore that the justification for IBM moving OS/360 batch systems from real memory to virtual memory was because of the horrible OS/360 storage allocation ... along with processors getting faster than disks were getting faster ... so needing increasing multitasking levels.

typical 370/165 with 1mbyte (real memory), was only able to have multtasking level of 4 (four regions) because multitasking region had typically to be four times larger than required storage ... because of the issue with os/360 storage allocation. move to virtual memory allowed being able to have four times the concurrent tasks with nearly no paging (i.e. virtual memory offset the significant storage allocation problems) on 1mbyte 370/165.

this is just for standard. normal, batch, "non-long running tasks". old repost from somebody that had been involved in the decision
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory

note a few years earlier (than decision to move os/360 to virtual memory), Boeing Huntsville had run into the storage allocation problems with long running 2250 graphics CADAM applications on OS/360. They got 360/67 (360/65 that had virtual memory hardware as standard) and modified os/360 to support virtual memory tables ... no paging, virtual memory was same size as real storage ... but was able to periodically reorder addresses to create necessary contiguous storage.

topic drift, in the 60s IBM mainframe was trading off disk i/o resources for limited real storage. As processor and storage resources increased in the 70s (greater than increase in disk throughput ) the tradeoff inverted). Around 1980, I was saying that relative system disk throughput had declined by an order of magnitude since the 60s. Some disk executive took exception to what I was saying and assigned the division performance group to refute it ... after a few weeks they came back and effectively said that I had somewhat understated the problem. This then was respun for a (mainframe user group) SHARE presentation on optimizating of disk configurations to increase system throughput. old post with 1980 claims
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31

A couple old posts referencing SHARE B874 presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#46 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)

other random trivia ... science center had come up with virtual memory virtual machine system in the mid-60s and initially implemend cp40/cms on 360/40 that they had modified to add virtual memory hardware. It then morphs into cp67/cms when standard (virtual memory) 360/67 became available.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

As undergraduate in the 60s I rewrote significant portions of cp67, including new scheduling, dispatching, pathlengths, virtual memory, page replacement algorithms, etc.

I had worked with Jim Gray at SJR in late 70s and early 80s ... before he left for Tandem. At (14-16Dec81) ACM SIGOPS, Jim asked me if I could help a co-worker at Tandem get his Stanford PHD ... which involved global LRU page replacement ... and the "local LRU" forces were campaigning hard trying to block Stanford awarding him PHD. Jim knew I had done a lot of work on global LRU in the 60s ... including having real live A:B comparisons of global & local. old reply
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email821019

note I had been blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s). folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing (and the internal network), 5of6 wanted to fire me. In any case, the company blocked my sending a reply for nearly a year (despite the work was done as undergraudate before I joined IBM). I commented that i hope they were blocking my sending a reply because they figured it was punishment ... rather than they were taking sides in the academic dispute.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#wsclock

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

President Obama announces semiconductor industry working group to review U.S. competitiveness

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: President Obama announces semiconductor industry working group to review U.S. competitiveness
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 02 Nov 2016 11:07:54 -0700
President Obama announces semiconductor industry working group to review U.S. competitiveness
http://venturebeat.com/2016/10/31/president-obama-announces-semiconductor-industry-working-group-to-review-u-s-electronics-competitiveness/

Lessons from Sematech; The consortium that helped revitalize the U.S. semiconductor industry in the 1980s and 1990s has become a model for how industry and government can work together.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/424786/lessons-from-sematech/

By all appearances, the U.S. semiconductor industry was on the ropes in the mid-1980s. After a multiyear effort to become a force in semiconductor memory chips, Japan now led the industry ... both in market share and in the quality of its products. That raised fears the U.S. could lose not only a highly innovative industry but the components crucial for everything from computers to weapons systems. Yet by the early 1990s, that decline had reversed and U.S. chip makers regained the lead.

... snip ...

This shows up with HDTV in the late 80s and early 90s. The scenario was that chips being developed for HDTV were superior to what was happening in the computer business and the volumes would be much larger ... allowing whoever came to dominate consumer HDTV business to take-over the rest of the semiconductor business. HDTV meetings sponsored by Dept. of Commerce. had standard fluctuating to keep foreign competition off-balance. This led to foreign competition designing HDTV chips that could dynamically adapt to fluctuations in the standards. For whatever reason HDTV uptake was delayed significantly and in the interval, internet, wifi, mobile, and other consumer devices took off.

In the 80s, I had a project called HSDT that was having equipment built in Japan. When we visited, they liked to show off stuff they were doing ... surface mount where consumer lines appeared almost like they were "spraying" chips on the boards as they moved down the line (US surface mount at the time was clipping leads flush with the bottom of the chip) and advanced electronic projects that they were doing for Japan auto makers. In the mid-80s, I pontificated in email that I could get far superior technology from $300 CDROM player than I could get from the most expensive telco fibre-optic drivers.

posts mentioning HSDT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#hsdt

posts mentioning HDTV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#11 Is Al Gore The Father of the Internet?^
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001.html#73 how old are you guys
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#2 FCC rulemakings on HDTV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#23 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005k.html#25 The 8008
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#45 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#62 Cray-1 Anniversary Event - September 21st
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#63 Microsoft to design its own CPUs - Next Xbox In Development
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#50 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#50 US or China?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#43 dig. TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#47 dig. TV
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#61 Primaries (USA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008f.html#85 Primaries (USA)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#4 Michigan industry
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#59 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010.html#72 Korean bank Moves back to Mainframes (...no, not back)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#20 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#22 60 Minutes News Report:Unemployed for over 99 weeks!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#69 Is there a connection between your strategic and tactical assertions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#87 Cultural attitudes towards failure

posts referencing the $300 CDROM scenario
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001j.html#23 OT - Internet Explorer V6.0
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#77 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#43 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#44 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#27 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006.html#45 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#62 Cray-1 Anniversary Event - September 21st
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#50 Is computer history taugh now?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#50 US or China?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#59 MasPar compiler and simulator
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#0 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#26 Tapes versus vinyl
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#35 Masters in strategy ... seeking advice
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#1 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#33 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#68 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Floating point registers or general purpose registers

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Floating point registers or general purpose registers
Newsgroups: comp.arch
Date: Wed, 02 Nov 2016 11:32:04 -0700
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#40 Floating point registers or general purpose registers

early 70s, cambridge science center ported APL\360 to cp67/cms for cms\apl, expanding it significantly so it could be used for many real-world applications.

At the time, typical APL\360 had 16kbyte (or sometimes 32kbyte) workspace that would be swapped as integral unit (running in real storage addressing infrastructure) ... and all input/output was via keyboard. API was added to CMS\APL providing access to system services, like read/write files.

The other issue was expanding APL workspace to full virtual address space size ... which created an enormous problem with APL storage allocation and garbage collection. Standard APL\360 would allocate new (workspace) storage for every assignment ... and when it exhausted available (workspace) storage, would do garbage collection compacting allocation. This didn't impact APL\360 ... where all of workspace was swapped in/out as integral unit.

The problem came with moving that storage allocation, garbage collection to demand page, large virtual address space ... even small APL application that did sufficient number of calculations would quickly touch every virtual page (very poor locality of reference) throwing system into page thrashing. Before releasing CMS\APL to customers, the APL\360 storage management mechanism had to be redone to vastly improve its reference locality ... started with triggering garbage collection more frequently ... rather than just when (workspace) storage had been exhausted.

science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech
APL (&/or HONE) posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#hone

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 09:09:47 -0800
Morten Reistad <first@Last.name.invalid> writes:
We ran 34 users on a timesharing system on an 80286 Apricot in 1984, using QNX. Yes, that was pushing it (but so would running the same amount on a pdp11/70, which is about equivalent in raw power).

Now we use these reborn 3270 terminals called web browsers, and use transactions instead to timesharing (for the most part). That pushes the display stuff out to the local terminal, so the core can handle literally millions of users.

But having thousands of users on a pc-type server running timesharing should be perfectly possible.


my old theme ... that cp67/cms 360/67 could run 80users, more than decade later vm370/cms 3081 typically ran 300users ... but processor and memory had increased by factor of 50 ... but disks had only increased by factor of tive ... i.e. based on processor/memory ... should have been 3000users. another decade, there were PCs with 3081 level processor & memory ... but not disks.

In 70s, I was pontificating that increases in disk throughput wasn't keeping up with increases in processor throughput ... and by 3081, the relative systems throughput of disks had declined by a factor of ten. Some disk executive took exception to the comment and assigned the division performance group to refute the claim. They came back a few weeks later and effectively said that I had slightly understated the case. This was then respun for (ibm user group) SHARE presentation on how to configure disks to optimize system throughput

along the way, there were various kinds of tailored online systems that were highly optimized to do minimal disk activity ... with as much as possible all operating out of memory.

note that today, the latency for memory access ... measured in number of processor cycles is similar to the 60s latency to disk acces .. when measured in numberr of 60s processor cycles ... i.e. memory is the new disk.

in the 70s, we had 3277/3272 terminal/controller with .2sec trival interactive response (3277/3272 hardware latency was .086sec).

i've mentioned periodically that as soon as browser tabbed window support showed up ... i started doing programmed background loading of large number of web pages ... so that I didn't have to synchronously wait for loading.

misc past refs to 67/3081 comparison
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/93.html#31 Big I/O or Kicking the Mainframe out the Door
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#43 Bloat, elegance, simplicity and other irrelevant concepts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/94.html#55 How Do the Old Mainframes Compare to Today's Micros?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/95.html#10 Virtual Memory (A return to the past?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/98.html#46 The god old days(???)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#4 IBM S/360
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001d.html#66 Pentium 4 Prefetch engine?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#62 any 70's era supercomputers that ran as slow as today's supercomputers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#40 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#61 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#23 Smallest Storage Capacity Hard Disk?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#5 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#11 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#20 index searching
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#8 What are some impressive page rates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002e.html#9 What are some impressive page rates?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#39 100% CPU is not always bad

posts mentioning B874 SHARE Presentation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#18 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002i.html#46 AS/400 and MVS - clarification please
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006f.html#3 using 3390 mod-9s
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006o.html#68 DASD Response Time (on antique 3390?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#5 Poster of computer hardware events?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#71 308x Processors - was "Mainframe articles"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#34 A Complete History Of Mainframe Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#52 Hercules; more information requested
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#67 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#1 "The Naked Mainframe" (Forbes Security Article)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#70 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#31 Wax ON Wax OFF -- Tuning VSAM considerations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#32 OS idling
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#33 History of Hard-coded Offsets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#18 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#35 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#61 Speed of Old Hard Disks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#1 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#5 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#32 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#73 Tape vs DASD - Speed/time/CPU utilization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#39 A bit of IBM System 360 nostalgia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#62 ISO documentation of IBM 3375, 3380 and 3390 track format
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#72 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made 30 years agotoday

posts referring to cycle count for disk and memory latency
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#21 Very slow booting and running and brain-dead OS's?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#92 CPU time differences for the same job
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#34 Future architectures
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#7 My Vintage Dream PC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#20 Larrabee delayed: anyone know what's happening?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#78 memory latency, old and new
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012c.html#58 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#4 Memory versus processor speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#67 relative speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#31 DRAM is the new Bulk Core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#8 OT? IBM licenses POWER architecture to other vendors
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#53 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#51 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#103 CPU time
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#62 Optimization, CPU time, and related issues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#96 11 Years to Catch Up with Seymour
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#97 IBM ACS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#2 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#51 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#5 The SDS 92, its place in history?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#74 Bell Picturephone--early business application experiments
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#43 z13 "new"(?) characteristics from RedBook
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#23 A Modest Proposal (for avoiding OOO)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#81 IBM Automatic (COBOL) Binary Optimizer Now Availabile
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#101 This new 'skyscraper' chip could make computers run 1,000 times faster
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#110 Is there a source for detailed, instruction-level performance info?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#27 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#68 Raspberry Pi 3?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#38 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#36 z/OS Operating System size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#91 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#92 ABO Automatic Binary Optimizer

past refs to 3277/3272
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001m.html#19 3270 protocol
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#12 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#15 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#42 Ranking of non-IBM mainframe builders?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#19 Architectural Diversity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#53 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#72 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#31 Happy DEC-10 Day

past posts mentioning background tab loading
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004e.html#54 Is there a way to configure your web browser to use multiple
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#48 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#50 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#55 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#60 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005e.html#66 Mozilla v Firefox
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#8 big endian vs. little endian, why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#15 1.8b2 / 1.7.11 tab performance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#41 Moz 1.8 performance dramatically improved
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#13 RFC 2616 change proposal to increase speed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#51 Intel abandons USEnet news
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008i.html#85 Which of the latest browsers do you prefer and why?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#29 How were you using the internet 10 years ago and how does that differ from how you use it today?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009g.html#54 Windowed Interfaces 1981-2009
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#72 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#22 OT: PC clock failure--CMOS battery?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#39 Unix systems and Serialization mechanism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011l.html#61 Agents
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#19 Writing article on telework/telecommuting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#90 Just for a laugh ... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#39 PDP-10 and Vax, was System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#25 GUI vs 3270 Re: MVS Quick Reference, was: LookAT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#88 Parallel programming may not be so daunting
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#73 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 09:17:04 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
I addition to the normal yellow pages we get (or got) something called the "Yellow Book" which is a yellow pages not produced by the phone company. The problem with all yellow pages is that they are basically paid advertising, so the listings are dependent on how much a company pays and what coverage area they want. All "yellow pages" may contain different listings covering the same area.

in the early 90s was asked in to the largest airline res system to look at the ten impossible things that they couldn't do. they gave me a copy of the complete OAG "tape" (all scheduled commercial airline flts in the world) to play with. It was about 200mbytes ... I played with it ... compressing and indexing the imformation and got it down to 30mbytes. Instead of creating enormous centralized database to lookup flts, I wrote some simple apps that did some number of the ten impossible things allowing users to search the information themselves.

A little over another decade, the whole thing fits on cellphone.

past posts mentioning OAG:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#61 64 bit X86 ugliness (Re: Williamette trace cache (Re: First view of Willamette))
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#24 is a computer like an airport?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#22 3 value logic. Why is SQL so special?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#22 Bidirectional Binary Self-Joins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#61 Up, Up, ... and Gone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#23 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#25 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#42 Outsourcing your Computer Center to IBM ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#22 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#73 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010b.html#80 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#53 Article says mainframe most cost-efficient platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#81 Hashing for DISTINCT or GROUP BY in SQL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#42 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#8 Multiple Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#27 Why are organizations sticking with mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#87 Old data storage or data base
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#84 ACP/TPF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#58 Man Versus System
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#109 Airlines Reservation Systems

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 09:40:43 -0800
Ahem A Rivet's Shot <steveo@eircom.net> writes:
Web applications are one form of modern timesharing, another is virtual machine hosting, both are used a lot.

large cloud megadatacenter has hundreds of thousands of systems and millions of processors. cost of systems have decline so drastically that power & cooling has become increasing major cost of a megadatacenter and contributed to the big rise in green computing.

this is coupled with online computing has always had need for on-demand with big swings. in cloud megadatacenter they can enormously over provision in number of systems for on-demand (in part because the enormous drop in system costs). however at the same time they now want these systems to be instant on ... little or now resources used when idle ... but can instantly be brought online.

there was a period before big cloud computing ... as computing was moving out of big datacenters ... that systems were relatively so cheap ... that they could dedicate whole systems to specific applications ... significantly reducing huuman support cost requirements. Then sometime in the past decade, large corporations were being sold virtual machines providing factor ten times consolidation of their systems ... still having the advantage of lower human resource support with "dedicated" systems ... but a large operation could cut from 4000 servers to 400 servers (i.e. these "dedicated" systems were running around 10% processor utilization).

a few years ago, there started being stories that majority of processor chips for servers were shipping to cloud systems (as opposed to brand name server vendors) ... coupled with cloud operators claiming they were assembling their own servers for 1/3rd the cost of brand name vendors. Then came articles about cloud operators were having custom designed server processor chips.

Virtual machines go along with latest generation of server chips that have tens of processor cores. A virtual machine image can be "saved" already booted ... reducing instant-on latency for on-demand ... in some cases thousands of a saved image instances may be spun up ... and images can relatively easily moved between systems as part of load balancing.

past posts mentioning commercial online timesharing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

past posts mentioning megadatacenters:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#72 Price of CPU seconds
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#68 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#79 Google Data Centers 'The Most Efficient In The World'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008r.html#56 IBM drops Power7 drain in 'Blue Waters'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#78 Entry point for a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#27 A "portable" hard disk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#62 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#51 Mainframe Hacking -- Fact or Fiction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#14 Facebook doubles the size of its first data center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#3 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#46 The first personal computer (PC)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#16 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#17 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#19 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#8 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#32 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#9 At least two decades back, some gurus predicted that mainframes would disappear in future and it still has not happened
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#75 Check out June 2011 | TOP500 Supercomputing Sites
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#23 Cloud computing - is it a financial con trick?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011k.html#70 New IBM Redbooks residency experience in Poughkeepsie, NY
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011m.html#11 PKI "fixes" that don't fix PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#35 Last Word on Dennis Ritchie
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#32 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#43 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#44 Data Areas?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#53 HONE
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#55 What is Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#63 Intel's 1 teraflop chip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#75 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011o.html#86 Clouds in mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#22 1979 SHARE LSRAD Report
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#122 Deja Cloud?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#11 Who originated the phrase "user-friendly"?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#20 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#24 21st Century Migrates Mainframe with Clerity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#78 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#80 Article on IBM's z196 Mainframe Architecture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012.html#82 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#6 Cloud apps placed well in the economic cycle
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#41 Are rotating register files still a bad idea?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#2 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#35 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#41 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#50 Layer 8: NASA unplugs last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012f.html#19 Can Mainframes Be Part Of Cloud Computing?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#20 Mainframes Warming Up to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#59 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#60 How many cost a cpu second?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#15 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#16 Think You Know The Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#9 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#14 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#26 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#34 Can anybody give me a clear idea about Cloud Computing in MAINFRAME ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#95 printer history Languages influenced by PL/1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#41 Cloud Computing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#16 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#20 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#28 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#34 X86 server
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#42 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#87 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#3 Blades versus z was Re: Turn Off Another Light - Univ. of Tennessee
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#13 Intel Confirms Decline of Server Giants HP, Dell, and IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#28 I.B.M. Mainframe Evolves to Serve the Digital World
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#18 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#24 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#48 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#56 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#69 Under what circumstances would it be a mistake to migrate applications/workload off the mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#6 Mainframes are still the best platform for high volume transaction processing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#58 What is holding back cloud adoption?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#16 From build to buy: American Airlines changes modernization course midflight
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#17 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#7 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#8 mainframe "selling" points
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#10 FW: mainframe "selling" points -- Start up Costs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#15 A Private life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#25 Still think the mainframe is going away soon: Think again. IBM mainframe computer sales are 4% of IBM's revenue; with software, services, and storage it's 25%
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#84 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013c.html#91 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#19 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#28 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#51 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#73 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#74 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#7 SAS Deserting the MF?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#12 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#21 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#43 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013g.html#45 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#60 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#66 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#23 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#24 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#32 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#62 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#63 Mainframe vs Server - The Debate Continues
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#70 Internet Mainframe Forums Considered Harmful
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#53 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#56 spacewar
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#50 Mainframe On Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#70 50,000 x86 operating system on single mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#33 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#35 Why is the mainframe so expensive?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#38 Making mainframe technology hip again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013o.html#71 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#23 Scary Sysprogs and educating those 'kids'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#94 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#97 Santa has a Mainframe!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#4 IBM Plans Big Spending for the Cloud ($1.2B)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#27 IBM sells x86 server business to Levono
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#72 How many EBCDIC machines are still around?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014c.html#22 US Federal Reserve pushes ahead with Faster Payments planning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#108 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#4 Can the mainframe remain relevant in the cloud and mobile era?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#8 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#12 The IBM Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#53 IBM hopes new chip can turn the tables on Intel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#69 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#4 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#14 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#20 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#65 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#5 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#24 IBM Opens New SoftLayer Data Center In Hong Kong
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#33 Can Ginni really lead the company to the next great product line?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#46 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#57 [CM] Mainframe tech is here to stay: just add innovation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#68 Over in the Mainframe Experts Network LinkedIn group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#20 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#87 Demonstrating Moore's law
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#2 Flat (VSAM or other) files still in use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#0 HP splits, again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#56 This Chart From IBM Explains Why Cloud Computing Is Such A Game-Changer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#90 What's the difference between doing performance in a mainframe environment versus doing in others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#113 How Much Bandwidth do we have?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#129 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide and or for Europe alone?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#144 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#166 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#35 [CM] IBM releases Z13 Mainframe - looks like Batman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#46 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#78 Is there an Inventory of the Inalled Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#82 Is there an Inventory of the Installed Mainframe Systems Worldwide
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#57 Economics of Mainframe Technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#30 IBM Z13
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#50 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#69 Cambridge's HPC-as-a-service for boffins, big and small
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#0 What are some of your thoughts on future of mainframe in terms of Big Data?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#5 Can you have a robust IT system that needs experts to run it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#35 Moving to the Cloud
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#83 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#93 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#18 Miniskirts and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#93 HP being sued, not by IBM.....yet!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#93 Google joins Facebook's game-changing project that's eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#89 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 09:48:26 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
Um, that's multitasking. It's only timesharing when you open a second window.

technically timesharing is process of how to manage multiple concurrent tasks. the issues about timesharing strategies for handling "user" tasks doing different kinds of execution (highly trivial interactive versus computing intensive) ... has been nearly identical to strategies for single-user systems running different kinds of things concurrently and how to different between keystroke oriented tasks from compute intensive tasks.

posts mentioning commercial online computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

I rewrote/re-implemented cp67 online dynamic resource management as undergraduate in the 60s ... this got the label of of "fair share" because the default resource management strategy was "fair share" ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 14:44:02 -0800
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
T'is been done. Most farm machines have been robotised, a problem is insurance (If the wheels of your machine kick up a stone, which hits that control centre, and the combine heads for the nearest road, muttering "Must destroy"). The second stage in this process is making combine harvesters smaller, and less destructive of the soil surface. Cows seem to like robot milking machines. The question is what happens if WWIII breaks out, and GPS for civilians is turned off.

Recent NASA/AMES talk was a combination of:

"Out of sight" Drone Tests
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/ames/nasa-plans-first-beyond-visual-line-of-sight-drone-demonstration-in-nevada

and

Autonomous Mission Operations
https://catalog.data.gov/dataset/autonomous-mission-operations-project

a lot of references sounded straight out of "mission command" ... a lot about constantly determing risks and being able to operate autonomously ... even w/o any outside aid and input. some claim that autonomous delivery (flying) vehicles is progressing faster than self-driving cars.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 15:00:26 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
She may have been using CTSS, Compatible *Time Sharing* System. I think TSO used to swap originally, too.

some of the CTSS people went to the 5th flr to do multics ... other CTSS people went to the science center on the 4th flr and did CP40/CMS virtual machines and bunch of online apps (on hardware modified 360/40 with support for virtual address) ...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/cp40seas1982.txt
science center posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

cp40/cms morphed into cp67/cms when 360/67 with standard virtual memory became available (later cp67/cms morphs into vm370/cms, precursor to current zVM).

TSO originally done on OS/360 MVT ... with "real memory" ... as the other os/360 based online systems ... all had to do swapping. Was still swapping quite a bit even after MVT morphs into OS/VS2 SVS ... with virtual memory support (and paging). Takes some time before OS/VS2 MVS ... with virtual address space per application. Trivia: I had some number of arguments with the group that did page replacement for OS/VS2 that they were doing some number of things wrong ... which nearly decade later they sort of acknowledge ... when they fixed problem where they were selecting for replacement high-use executable pages shared by large number of applications ... before changed single application, low useage data pages.

some past posts on virtual memory managementm, demand paging and page replacement algorithms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#clock

other posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#46 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

as an aside ... old post with somebody's description of motivation to go with virtual memory for all systems. Issue was that MVT storage management was so bad ... that typically required four times as much real storage had to be allocated per region (aka application) than was nominally used ... which resulted in getting only four tasks/regsions concurrently on 360/165 with typical 1mbyte storage. Moving to OS/VS2 SVS (effectively MVT layed out in single 16mbyte virtual address space, very similar to running MVT in a 16mbyte virtual machine), it was possible to get 16 tasks concurrently (on 360/165 1mbyte storage) with little or no paging ... aka virtual memory compensating for the poor storage management in MVT.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#73 Multiple Virtual Memory
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#42 Really dumb IPL question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#47 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#100 5 Byte Device Addresses?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#54 Difference between MVS and z / OS systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#66 z/OS physical memory usage with multiple copies of same load module at different virtual addresses

this overlaps with the recent reference that disk throughput was significantly lagging processor & memory technology ... so greater levels of concurrent activity was needed to utilize processor.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular  Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2016 08:09:19 -0800
usenet@only.tnx (Questor) writes:
To further expand on this, the notion was that in packet-switched networks, one did not necessarily know what route the packets would take or that all the packets would follow the same route. The cloud represented a mesh of network inter-connections, and you might say that what happened inside it was "nebulous." My own experience in looking at network traces is that route between any two systems is largely consistent and predictable. Obviously networks are much more reliable now than forty years ago.

I guess the idea today is that the cloud represents not only the network connections but also a collection of associated server farms. The implication is that no one knows where data is specifically stored, but obviously that's nonsense.


was called into small client/server startup that wanted to do payment transactions on their server, they had also invented this technology called "SSL" they wanted to use, the result is now frequently called "electronic commerce". I had absolute authority over the server to payment networks running over the internet (I'm not aware of having any exploits) ... but could only make recommendations over the client to server ... several of which were almost immediately violated, account for exploits that continue to this day.

part of the server infrastructure involved updating route tables in case of network failures, outages (planned & unplanned) for failure compensation. However, in the middle of this effort, the internet backbone moved to hierarchical routing ... because the infrastructure had gotten too big ... dynamic routing on every network segment for every packet ... didn't scale. As a result dynmically updating routing tables no longer would work. Had to fall back to multiple-A records ... i.e. DNS associating multiple ip-addresses with single host name (and if connect failed, would try each ip-address in list until found one that worked).

I thought class at the small client/server startup ... and the client people said that multiple A-record support was too complicated ... I even showed them example client code from BSD tohoe & reno ... they still said it was too complicated ... I made snide remarks that if the example wasn't in steven's book they didn't know how to do it. One of the problems was that one of the early large adopters was large sporting goods retailer that was having significant TV advertisements during sunday football and expecting large online activity during sunday breaks. However, this was still in period when many ISPs still took down regional routers for maintenance (even though retailer had multiple server feeds from different ISPs, if ISP first on the list was down, client browser support wouldn't know to try others). It took a year before I was able to get somebody in the client group to implement multiple A-record support.

In the period when the search engines load was increasing ... they also started by playing with rotating DNS multiple A-record support for load balancing (and alternate path retry) ... the problem was that ISPs and other parts of the infrastructure did local DNS caching ... so dynamic rotating A-record list didn't have a lot of real-time impact. One of the people that I was working with then, did router hack ... the large cloud internet facing routers had update so that they would keep track of backend server loads .. and do load-balancing, dynamically distributing incoming requests to the backend servers.

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#46 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#47 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#48 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

early 80s, was working with director of NSF and was suppose to get $20M to tie together the NSF supercomputer centers. Then congress cuts the budget, some other things happen and finally they release RFP (in part based on what we already had running). Internal politics prevent us from bidding, the director of NSF tries to help by writing the company a letter (with support from other agencies), but that just makes the internal politics worse (as did references to what we already had running was at least 5yrs ahead of all RFP responses). As regional networks hook into the centers it becomes NSFNET backbone (precursor to modern internet). some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/lhwemail.html#nsfnet
old posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#nsfnet

past posts mentioning multiple A-record support (note earlier this week when i was in silicon valley for the annual old-timers get-together, I stopped by the office and finally got fix to updating www.garlic.com webserver ... rather than having to play with manana.garlic.com ... i.e. the original www.garlic.com server before the switch-over in april2015).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/96.html#34 Mainframes & Unix
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#16 Old Computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#158 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#159 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#164 Uptime (was Re: Q: S/390 on PowerPC?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#23 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#32 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002.html#34 Buffer overflow
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#30 Round robin IS NOT load balancing (?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#33 Round robin IS NOT load balancing (?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#8 Network separation using host w/multiple network interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#12 Network separation using host w/multiple network interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#24 Network separation using host w/multiple network interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#25 Network separation using host w/multiple network interfaces
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#57 Easiest possible PASV experiment
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#32 Frontiernet insists on being my firewall
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#53 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#55 What is the "name" of a system?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005g.html#21 Protocol stack - disadvantages (revision)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#5 Wildcard SSL Certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005n.html#34 Data communications over telegraph circuits
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005o.html#24 is a computer like an airport?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#32 How does the internet really look like ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#39 What ever happened to Tandem and NonStop OS ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006j.html#15 30 hop limit
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#36 MAC and SSL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#67 SSL vs. SSL over tcp/ip
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#44 latest Principles of Operation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#34 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#67 what does xp do when system is copying
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007r.html#13 What do ATMS and card readers use?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#34 Builders v. Breakers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009d.html#60 Lack of bit field instructions in x86 instruction set because of patents ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#32 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#41 Follow up
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#43 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#40 The Web browser turns 15: A look back;
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#29 Check out Computer glitch to cause flight delays across U.S. - MarketWatch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009s.html#8 Union Pacific Railroad ditches its mainframe for SOA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#66 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010j.html#36 Favourite computer history books?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010m.html#76 towards https everywhere and strict transport security (was: Has there been a change in US banking regulations recently?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#9 The IETF is probably the single element in the global equation of technology competition than has resulted in the INTERNET
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#29 Dennis Ritchie's Wonderful Web Pages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#64 Maintenance at two in the afternoon? On a Friday?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#42 z/OS's basis for TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#76 history of Programming language and CPU in relation to each other
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#68 PC/mainframe browser(s) was Re: 360/20, was 1132 printer history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#61 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#29 SNA vs TCP/IP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#23 Commentary--time to build a more secure Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#45 Western Union envisioned internet functionality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015e.html#24 The real story of how the Internet became so vulnerable

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2016 08:27:15 -0800
maus <mausg@mail.com> writes:
Some years ago, there wqas a building in Dublin that used to be rented medium-term by the sort of people who would operate cold-calling methods. People would go into work at odd hours, corrosponding to vital times in the target countries.

I recently ran into somebody that told about being brought into doing some work in "datacenter" for Madoff. He said that it overlooked a trading floor with 100 empty desks. At one point hundred people showed up for an hour and sat at the desks looking busy. We speculated that Madoff had just hired a hundred actors to look busy because some big fish customer was coming in. Somebody then told a similar story about ENRON ... a show place operational center that would periodically pull in bunch of people to sit at the desks and look like they were doing something.

past posts mentioning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2016 09:57:11 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Not really, since I typically have several command windows open at once, along with other stuff. I think someone got it right to say that "timesharing" requires multiple _interactive_ users, since OS/360 could run multiple simultaneous jobs from multiple users, but (originally) not interactively. Also, transaction processing (like CICS) isn't timesharing.

scheduling lore has microsoft having trouble adapting their time-sharing scheduling to correctly differentiate between interactive and non-interactive tasks in multi programming/tasking environment. for a time early last decade, the recommendation was having multi-core machine so that interactive would have a different dedicated processor (core, and not be blocked by non-interactive execution).

Internals of CICS & APL\360 and various other other terminal support operations had very similar characteristics.

Part of the issue was OS/360 had extremely heavy-weight tasking ... so these subsystems came up and acquired system resources at startup and then managed those resources to provide lighter weight tasking (as well as storage allocation).

OS/360 was real storage ... so multiple tasking by these subsystems had to swap things in and out. CICS was so light weight that it didn't take advantage of multiprocessors until 2004. It came up as single large os/360 task and then did extremely lightweight simple multitasking (timesharing) that provided no facility for multiprocessor support. Prior to 2004, a large shop would started hundred (or more) CICS instances with workload distributed across the different instances.

trivia ... when I was undergraduate, I was hired fulltime by the university to be responsible for their mainframe production systems. Along the way, the univ. library got ONR grant to do online catalog. They used part of the money to get a 2321 "datacell". The effort was also selected to be betatest for the original CICS product (and originally been developed at customer datacenter) ... and one of my tasks was debugging and supporting CICS. some past CICS posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#cics

other CICS info ... gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine:
http://web.archive.org/web/20071124013919/http://www.yelavich.com/history/toc.htm
multiprocessor exploitation
http://web.archive.org/web/20041023110006/http://www.yelavich.com/history/ev200402.htm
other bits
http://web.archive.org/web/20050409124902/www.yelavich.com/cicshist.htm

past posts mentioning SMP multiprocessor &/or compare&swap
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#46 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#47 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#48 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#49 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#50 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2016 10:17:01 -0800
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:
Fully staffed ops desks in utilities mean that something brown has hit the fan, and the repairmen are called in. Normally there are 2-5 people manning the whole room seeing that stuff is normal, while the other techs are out doing real work, or meeting with customers.

The phone rooms are not normally shown to custmers. They are just large rows of cubicles..


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#50 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

the ENRON room was not generation/transmission operation ... but future contract speculation/trading ... supposedly getting best price ... majority pure fabrication.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron

sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

claims in congress was that it would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime. Joke around washington at the time was that it was congress feeling guilty that big audit house went out of business and it really was enormous uptic in audit requirements as financial gift to the audit industry ... that wouldn't really change anything.

Part of SOX was that it required SEC to do something ... possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of fraudulent financial reporting ... even showing increase after SOX gos into effect (and nobody doing jailtime)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

I've mentioned before being invited middle of last decade to participate in EU financial conference (EU CEOs and exchange presidents) held at the castle in Liechtenstein ... theme was SOX requirements leaking into the EU (for EU companies doing business with US public companies). I talked about how crooks could fiddle audit records even for auditors that were actually looking to find stuff.

Liechtenstein was sponsoring these conferences apparently as part of attempt to get off US treasury money laundering black list (SWISS banks were performing the money laundering transactions across the border in Liechtenstein. The innkeeper where we stayed like to make jokes about continually getting lots of people with business cards that said "department of money laundering" ... not swiss bankers that did money laundering ... but US treasury people that supposedly were trying to stop money laundering. some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Sales & Marketing

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Sales & Marketing
Date: 11 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
IBM sales/marketing became notorious for FUD ... especially refined during the FS period in the 70s .... Future System was going to completely replace 360/370 and was totally different ... and internal politics in the period was shutting down 370 efforts (the lack of IBM offerings during and after FS is credited with giving clone makers market foothold).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The other joke, you could tell when something wasn't selling when corporate declared it "strategic" and offered big sales incentives.

Internally inside IBM there was some number of CALMA terminals
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calma

which were later augmented by rebranded tektronic display ... that was configured to hook into the side of 3277 temrinal.

In the 80s, a former co-worker at IBM had left and was doing lots of consulting business around silicon valley. One of his customers as large chip shop that had large IBM mainframe datacenter that was looking at hooking up a large number of SGI workstations. The former IBMer had done a lot of work on porting (C-based) workstation chip design application to IBM mainframe along with porting/optimizing C-compiler for IBM mainframe. One day the IBM salesman stopped by and asked what he was doing, he replied was getting IBM mainframe ethernet support working (for the SGI workstations). The salesman said that he should be doing Token-Ring instead ... and if he didn't, the customer might find their service calls not answered in timely manner. Almost immediately I got a hour phone call that included lots of four letter words. Next morning the customer had large press conference to announce it was replacing all its IBM mainframes with SUN servers.

Afterwards corporate sponsored a bunch of taskforce investigations into the technical reason why the customer was moving off IBM mainframes (all the investigations carefully avoided any mention of the real reason).

past posts mentioning IBM FUD:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#40 The Mainframe is "Alive and Kicking"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#44 Why does IBM keep saying things like this:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#23 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013m.html#7 Voyager 1 just left the solar system using less computing powerthan your iP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#1 IBM board OK repurchase of another $15B of stock
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#95 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#5 "F[R]eebie" software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#170 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#84 a bit of hope? What was old is new again

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2016 12:33:44 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
They still hadn't gotten it right at least as of XP. OS/2 did a much better job of running the foreground task at a higher priority than the background. Windoze seems to freeze up in some circumstances, leaving me clicking and hoping something will happen.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#46 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#51 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

old email about OS/2 group contacting the VM370 group to educate them on how to do interactive scheduling ... the Endicott people told OS/2 to talk to me ... old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003f.html#email871124
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#email871204b

recent ref
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#10 IBM OS/2 developers

scheduling & resource management posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

more economic mess

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: more economic mess
Date: 11 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Glass-Steagall from the 30s that regulated, insured depository institutions separate from unregulated, uninsured, risky investment banks. Repeal of glass-steagall didn't promote economic mess
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagal

But repeal allow risky investment banks to merge with regulated insured banks and put the taxpayers on the hook for unregulated Investment banking behavior.

Such mergers are moral hazard because the unregulated investment banking gets the winnings and their losses are picked up by the taxpayer

Unregulated investment banking now can make ever increasing risky gambling bets because they no longer have to worry about loosing

The economic mess was primarily mortgage originators being able to package questionable mortgages, pay for triple-A ratings and sell off to victims, including entities restricted to "safe" investments (like large pension funds).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

They were no longer dependent on traditional mortgage funding sources ... and the triple-A ratings were largely responsible for being able to do over $27 trillion 2001-2008

The regulatory agencies that had responsibility just stood on the sidelines and watched them do it, treasury, federal reserve, SEC, OCC, etc

Being able to pay for and guaranteed to get triple-A ratings, met they no longer needed to care about loan quality or borrowers' qualifications

Then they found they could they could do securitized mortgages purposefully designed to fail, pay for Triple-A, sell to their victims and then take out (CDS) gambling bets they would fail

AIG was largest holder of the gambling bets and was negotiating to pay of at 50cents on the dollar. Then SECTREAS steps in and forces them to sign document that they can't sue those making the bets and to take TARP funds to payoff at face value.

The largest recipients of TARP funds was AIG, the largest recipient of face-value payoffs was firm formally headed by SECTREAS

recent:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#32 Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#39 Too Smug to Jail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
Date: 12 Nov 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
They started moderating comments ... Sometimes it could be a week or never before something I posted showed up

Original entry for Tandem Memos, the datamation reference was later dropped ... part of getting blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network in the late 70s and early 80s (folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about it, 5of6 wanted to fire me)

Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

Now this entry is inaccurate. When Jim left for Tandem, he foisted some number of things off on me, consulting with IMS development group, interfacing to some early System/R (original RDBMS/SQL implementation) installation. Some of us would periodically stop by Tandem to visit Jim at Tandem. Tandem Memos began as trip report that I distributed after one such visit.

MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

above comments made over in the "IBM Official Alumni Group" are still awaiting approval by moderator.

posts mentioning IBM internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
posts mentioning online computer conferencing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

recent post reference "IBM Jargon" entries
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#25 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#49 Strategy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#0 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#4 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#72 Fridays
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#76 PROFS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#106 Blogs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#0 IBM is Absolutely Down For The Count
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#9 IBM email

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Boyd F15, F16, F20

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Boyd F15, F16, F20
Date: 12 Nov 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
re: Boyd coming out for F20 in place of F15 and F16

In briefings, Boyd would talk about needing a large number of less expensive, simpler fighters ... something like F20 Tigershark ... something like 3-5 F20s for price of F16 and 3-5 times the flying hrs per maintenance hrs ... and requiring much lower skill level to maintain. The story was that they eventually realized that US would never buy it so they had to target it for export. However, they then found that the F16 forces would lobby congress for USAID "directed appropriations" (that could only be used to buy F16s) for all candidate F20 customers. Told story about various candidate countries saying that they would much prefer the simpler fighter, but they were faced with using their own money for the purchases or using the USAID "directed appropriations" to get F16s for "free" (i.e. some amount of federal budget supporting the military-industrial complex doesn't show up in DOD budget, some of it is in USAID "directed appropriations" that can only be used for purchase of USA-made weapons).

This is after having redesigned the F15 cutting weight in half ... and much of the design of the F16 prototype ... Boyd would tell story about F15 forces getting Air Force secretary to investigate him for theft of millions of dollars in gov. property (putting him away for the rest of this life). The scenario was that they knew he was working on unauthorized design of F16 prototype and using large amount of supercomputer time. Since it was unauthorized, that supercomputer use represented theft of millions of dollars of gov. property. Fortunately, he anticipated that response and left no paper trail. The later effort with F20 was shift in view from optimal performance to enormous costs and overhead.

Hugh Laurie (actor on TV House) wrote a novel about military-industrial complex and how venial they can be, it includes reference to Boyd and OODA-loop, Gun Seller, and loc4605-11:
The day Alexander Woolf decided to take on the military-industrial complex was the day everything changed. For him, for his family, for his business. Things changed quickly, and they changed for good. Roused from its slumber, the military-industrial complex lifted a great, lazy paw, and swatted him away, as if he were no more than a human being. They cancelled his existing contracts and withdrew possible future ones. They bankrupted his suppliers, disrupted his labour force, and investigated him for tax evasion. They bought his company's stock in a few months and sold it in a few hours, and when that didn't do the trick, they accused him of trading in narcotics. They even had him thrown out of the St Regis, for not replacing a fairway divot.

and loc2250-57:
If you've ever had any training in military theory, it's possible that you had to sit through a lecture on a thing called the Boyd Loop. Boyd was a chap who spent a large amount of time studying air-to-air combat during the Korean war, analysing typical "event sequences" ... or, in layman's language, sequences of events ... to see why pilot A was able to shoot down pilot B, and how pilot B felt about it afterwards, and which of them had had kedgeree for breakfast. Boyd's theory was based on the utterly facile observation that when A did something, B reacted, A did something else, B reacted again et cetera, forming a loop of action and reaction. The Boyd Loop. Nice work if you can get it, you may be thinking. But Boyd's "Eureka" moment, which to this day causes his name to be bandied about military academies the world over, came when he hit upon the notion that if B could do two things in the space of time it normally took him to do one, he would "get inside the loop", and the forces of right would thereby prevail.

... snip ..

Boyd posts & references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subboyd.html

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Drafting of Dodd-Frank

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Drafting of Dodd-Frank
Date: 12 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Drafting of Dodd-Frank
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodd%E2%80%93Frank_Wall_Street_Reform_and_Consumer_Protection_Act

there was investigating reporting about how TBTF realized that they couldn't completely block legislation, TBTF would subvert the process in a number of ways. Reporting found TBTF Lobbyists drafting sections of various kinds that were inserted in the bill. In some cases, a few days later they would have press conference about how horrible some of these sections were and that they would totally destroy US business (discrediting congress and the process). In other cases, the drafts would be enormously complex that it would take years to formulate regulations meeting the provisions (significantly delaying any implementation ... possibly until future time when the bill can be totally repealed).

Dodd was a "Friends of Angelo"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Mozilo#Friends_of_Angelo_.28FOA.29_VIP_program
#1 on times list of those responsible for economic mess.
http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1877351_1877350_1877339,00.html

various articles about the shenanigans
http://www.thenation.com/article/174113/how-wall-street-defanged-dodd-frank
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/banks-lobbyists-help-in-drafting-financial-bills/
http://www.pogo.org/blog/2013/05/bank-lobbyists-writing-the-rules-for-wall-street.html
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2013/05/josh-rosner-on-how-dodd-frank-institutionalizes-too-big-to-fail.html
http://billmoyers.com/segment/gretchen-morgenson-on-why-banks-are-still-too-big-to-fail/

TBTF posts (too big to prosecute, too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 12 Nov 2016 13:46:07 -0800
some old history

The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
http://www.pcmag.com/slideshow/story/340587/the-forgotten-world-of-bbs-door-games

Re-Discovering The 'Lost Civilization' of Dial-Up BBS's
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/16/11/12/0415236/re-discovering-the-lost-civilization-of-dial-up-bbss

Social Media's Dial-Up Ancestor: The Bulletin Board System
http://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/networks/social-medias-dialup-ancestor-the-bulletin-board-system

I ran a dialup BBS using waffle that had a full usenet feed (got free pagesat usenet feed for writing modem drivers and doing "boardwatch" article)

picture from 1993 out in back yard with satellite R/O dish
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/pagesat.jpg

pagesat dish

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000.html#38 Vanishing Posts...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#39 I'll Be! Al Gore DID Invent the Internet After All ! NOT
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001h.html#66 UUCP email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#16 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005l.html#20 Newsgroups (Was Another OS/390 to z/OS 1.4 migration
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006m.html#11 An Out-of-the-Main Activity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#77 Memory Mapped Vs I/O Mapped Vs others
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007n.html#17 What if phone company had developed Internet?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007p.html#16 Newsweek article--baby boomers and computers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#19 IBM-MAIN longevity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#21 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009p.html#84 Anyone going to Supercomputers '09 in Portland?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009r.html#74 bulletin board
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#75 Posts missing from ibm-main on google groups
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#70 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#82 [OT] What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#92 The PC industry is heading for collapse
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013l.html#26 Anyone here run UUCP?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#38 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#57 email security re: hotmail.com
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#109 25 Years: How the Web began

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt" ... and relationship with Mahan

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: "The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt" ... and relationship with Mahan
Date: 12 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
"The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt" ... talks about relationship with Mahan pg599/loc11235-40:
Facts recently uncovered suggest the reverse. 36 In 1881, when the twenty-two-year-old Roosevelt sat writing The Naval War of 1812 in New York's Astor Library, Mahan had been an obscure, forty-year-old career officer of no particular accomplishment, literary or otherwise. He did not publish his own first book, a workmanlike history of Gulf operations in the Civil War, until two years later, by which time Roosevelt's prodigiously detailed volume was required reading on all U.S. Navy vessels, and had exerted at least a peripheral influence on the decision of Congress to build a fleet of modern warships.

pg599/loc11240-45:
Mahan, indeed, was still so unlettered in world naval history that in 1884, when offered an instructorship at the new Naval War College, he asked for a year's leave to study for it. Most of 1885 was spent in the Astor Library, reading the same tomes Roosevelt had already devoured. This research was the basis of Mahan's lecture course at the War College, which in turn became The Influence of Sea Power upon History (1890). 37 Long before this masterpiece appeared, however, he had familiarized himself with Roosevelt's theories, to the extent of discussing them with him personally.

pg600/loc11255-5:
It is not surprising, therefore, that when the new Assistant Secretary sought to advance his own ambitions in the spring of 1897, he could call upon Mahan in confidence. The fact that their naval philosophies were identical at this point only increased the willingness of one man to help the other.

pg597/loc11190-95:
Traditionally, the Naval War College had been founded to give officers advanced instruction in science and history of marine warfare. But during the course of nearly a decade of domination by Alfred Thayer Mahan, it had also become the prime source of war plans for the government. 28 These documents, drawn up by brilliant young Mahanites ambitious to thrust the American Navy into the twentieth century, were submitted for consideration by the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, whence they went to the Secretary of the Navy for approval or rejection.

... skip ...

past Mahan refs:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#26 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#29 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#32 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#34 General Mills computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#71 Is orientation always because what has been observed? What are your 'direct' experiences?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#26 Cultural attitudes towards failure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013.html#57 How to Cut Megabanks Down to Size
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#78 Has the US Lost Its Grand Strategic Mind?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#40 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#38 Can America Win Wars
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#75 Before the Internet: The golden age of online services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#43 Revamped PDP-11 in Honolulu or maybe Santa Fe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#66 Revamped PDP-11 in Brooklyn
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#81 weird power trivia
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#55 US Entering New Era of Dirty Wars?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 13 Nov 2016 08:30:11 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Software costs. The neglected factor seems to be the people cost of installing lots of stuff and keeping the maintenance up to date.

a big cloud megadatacenter (hundreds of thousands of systems and millions of processors) are claiming 80-120 people ... and mentioned upthread, system costs are so cheap that power & cooling costs are starting to dominate.

one of the issues for big cloud megadatacneters was needing (open) source so that software could be modified, adapting to megadatacenter operation ... they were assembling systems from components (and software) for their environment ... they are doing extensive reliability studies for selection of components ... this has evolved to now specifying hardware features to component makers (claim that over half of server processor chips now ship to megadatacenter operations).

recent megadatacenter posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#57 Introducing the New z13s: Tim's Hardware Highlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#93 Google joins Facebook's game-changing project that's eating the $140 billion hardware market
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#104 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#24 CeBIT and mainframes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#61 Can commodity hardware actuallly emulate the power of a mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#50 China takes the lead in supercomputing while America sleeps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#90 Google and Facebook put their fierce rivalry aside to save money in this key area
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#62 remote system support (i.e. the data center is 2 states away from you)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#77 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#89 Why the cloud is bad news for Cisco, Dell, and HP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 13 Nov 2016 08:45:00 -0800
Quadibloc <jsavard@ecn.ab.ca> writes:
In my vocabulary, though, a "monitor" is simply a very basic operating system, _not_ the central part of an operating system that might be a full-bore complex one, which is called the "kernel", so I don't see the terms as synonymous. So a monitor still includes the user-facing stuff like the shell, but the shell would be rudimentary.

CP40 (& CP67) started out with very simple monitor (micro-kernel) with lots of traditional operating system functions moved to virtual machines (rather than part of monolithic kernel) ... original term from CP67 was service virtual machine .... a more current reference is virtual appliance. These are typically simple function stripped down service ... images that can easily/quickly) spun up on demand and instances that can easily migrated from system to system (for purposes like load balancing and availability).

mach was referred to as 2nd generation microkernel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mach_(kernel)

microkernel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microkernel
http://www.microkernel.info/
http://wiki.osdev.org/Microkernel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Microkernel-based_operating_systems

virtual appliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_appliance
https://solutionexchange.vmware.com/store/category_groups/19
http://www.infoworld.com/article/2626259/data-center/server-virtualization-eight-great-virtual-appliances-for-vmware-free-for-the-downloading.html

past refs to virtual appliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#26 Original K & R C Compilers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#77 COMTEN- IBM networking boxes
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004q.html#72 IUCV in VM/CMS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005.html#59 8086 memory space
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005j.html#58 Q ALLOC PAGE vs. CP Q ALLOC vs ESAMAP
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#10 What part of z/OS is the OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#45 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006t.html#46 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#22 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#16 intersection between autolog command and cmsback (more history)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#25 To RISC or not to RISC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#52 IBM sues maker of Intel-based Mainframe clones
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#6 Multics on Vmware ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006x.html#8 vmshare
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#21 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007i.html#36 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#26 user level TCP implementation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#48 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#67 Operating systems are old and busted
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#70 Is Parallel Programming Just Too Hard?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#3 Hypervisors May Replace Operating Systems As King Of The Data Center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007q.html#25 VMware: New King Of The Data Center?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#4 Why do we think virtualization is new?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#26 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007s.html#35 Oracle Introduces Oracle VM As It Leaps Into Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#39 New, 40+ yr old, direction in operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#41 New, 40+ yr old, direction in operating systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#81 IBM mainframe history, was Floating-point myths
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#75 virtual appliance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007v.html#80 software preservation volunteers ( was Re: LINC-8 Front Panel Questions)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008.html#59 old internal network references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#39 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008b.html#52 China's Godson-2 processor takes center stage
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#2 folklore indeed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#55 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#11 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008e.html#15 Kernels
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008g.html#22 Was CMS multi-tasking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#47 Microsoft versus Digital Equipment Corporation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#97 Is virtualization diminishing the importance of OS?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#14 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008l.html#21 recent mentions of 40+ yr old technology
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#67 Is Virtualisation a Fad?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008m.html#68 New technology trends?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#22 VMware Chief Says the OS Is History
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#51 Baudot code direct to computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008n.html#57 VMware renders multitasking OSes redundant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008q.html#62 Virtualization: What is it exactly?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#56 Computer History Museum
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#59 Operating Systems for Virtual Machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009h.html#64 Operating Systems for Virtual Machines
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#66 ACP, One of the Oldest Open Source Apps
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009n.html#67 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#1 Status of Arpanet/Internet in 1976?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#35 Operation Virtualization
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#5 real-time messages
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#62 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#73 LPARs: More or Less?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#74 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#11 Crazed idea: SDSF for z/Linux
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#0 What is the protocal for GMT offset in SMTP (e-mail) header time-stamp?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#25 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#26 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#31 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#33 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#35 Was VM ever used as an exokernel?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#37 taking down the machine - z9 series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#19 Virtualization: Making Seductive Promises a Reality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#48 origin of 'fields'?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#84 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#6 New job for mainframes: Cloud platform
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#48 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#49 My first mainframe experience
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#56 VAXen on the Internet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#24 Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#38 Invention of Email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#64 Typeface (font) and city identity
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#7 Operating System, what is it?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012k.html#17 a clock in it, was Re: Interesting News Article
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#27 RBS Mainframe Meltdown: A year on, the fallout is still coming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013j.html#38 1969 networked word processor "Astrotype"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#1 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#2 Application development paradigms [was: RE: Learning Rexx]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#18 "Death of the mainframe"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#49 Before the Internet: The golden age of online service
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#86 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#85 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#93 Costs of core
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#25 another question about TSO edit command
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#163 Slushware
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#17 IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#77 Honeywell 200
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#82 Honeywell 200

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
Date: 13 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
America's Over-Hyped Strategic Bombing Experiment
https://warisboring.com/americas-over-hyped-strategic-bombing-experiment-b0310dd12407

"Beetle: The Life of General Walter Bedell Smith" references the problems on Omaha Beach, pg628/loc12403-5:
Although things went unpredictably well at Utah, the American assault units on Omaha succeeded in carving out only a dangerously thin beachhead by early evening. With their coastal fortifications breached, the Germans methodically triggered their defense plans, which chiefly meant shifting reserves from one sector to another.

pg628/loc12411-12:
Serious holes remained between the sectors, particularly on either side of Omaha Beach.

... snip ...

"The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct" (no precision strategic bombing), loc2582-85:
The bomber preparation of Omaha Beach was a total failure, and German defenses on Omaha Beach were intact as American troops came ashore. At Utah Beach, the bombers were a little more effective because the IXth Bomber Command was using B-26 medium bombers. Wisely, in preparation for supporting the invasion, maintenance crews removed Norden bombsights from the bombers and installed the more effective low-level altitude sights.

... snip ...

GAO Desert Storm Air Power report has tactical air campaign (only last 100hrs were land war) so effective that Iraqis were walking away from their tanks (as sitting ducks) ... the later land war tank battles (with little or no coalition damage) doesn't mention whether the enemy tanks had anybody home. Claim is that for Iraq2, enemy had learned from Iraq1 to minimize exposure to US (tactical) air power.

Two-thirds of US WW2 war total spending went to air program. There were voices claiming that 43 US strategic bombing program could win the war by itself. They also insisted that all the money go to heavy strategic bombers and that long-range fighter escort wasn't needed. The British argued with them that the Germans had learned that lesson in the battle for britain ... but the US insisted on (re-)learning that lesson the hard way. As referenced in the failure of Omaha beach bombing ... high altitude strategic precision bombing was a myth. There is some implication that lack of precision bombing helps account for strategic bombing switching to fire bombing cities (much harder to miss a whole city).

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

strategic bombing posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007h.html#70 John W. Backus, 82, Fortran developer, dies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#62 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#54 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#73 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#90 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#92 Off topic screeds (was Re: Friden Flexowriter equipment series)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014k.html#12 1950: Northrop's Digital Differential Analyzer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#40 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#52 IBM Data Processing Center and Pi
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#68 Why do we have wars?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#69 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#77 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#79 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#82 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#83 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#0 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#28 Kill Chain: The Rise of High Tech Assassins
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#61 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#62 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#63 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#64 past of nukes, was Future of support for telephone rotary dial ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#70 God No, the U.S. Air Force Doesn't Need Another Curtis LeMay
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#76 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015c.html#89 Your earliest dream?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#13 Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015d.html#37 End of vacuum tubes in computers?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#52 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#54 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#77 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#81 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#55 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#63 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#119 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#120 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#31 I Feel Old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#57 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#60 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#10 What Will the Next A-10 Warthog Look Like?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#49 Corporate malfeasance
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#64 Isolationism and War Profiteering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#75 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#91 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#49 Fateful Choices
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#88 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#90 "Computer & Automation" later issues--anti-establishment thrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#27 British socialism / anti-trust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#56 "One Nation Under God: How Corporate America Invented Christian America"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#64 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#68 Strategic Bombing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#94 The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#17 Why Large Companies Can't Innovate
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#24 US Air Power

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 14 Nov 2016 08:41:25 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#59 The Forgotten World of BBS Door Games - Slideshow from PCMag.com

archived postings from recent thread in online history group on facebook:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#33 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#34 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#36 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#39 The Network Nation, Revised Edition
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#61 History--early remote on-line computer access

a couple refs from the online history thread (gone 404, but lives on at the wayback machine)
http://web.archive.org/web/20050123104257/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers1.pdf
http://web.archive.org/web/20050115000851/http://www.dialog.com/about/history/pioneers2.pdf

dialog was in silicon valley and I could periodically stop by for visit, but I tended to go by TYMSHARE more often .... some other recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#29 1976 vs. 2016?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#78 Mainframe Virtual Memory
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#14 Ancient History (OS's) - was: IBM Destination z - What the Heck Is JCL and Why Does It Look So Funny?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#28 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#99 You count as an old-timer if (was Re: Origin of the phrase "XYZZY")
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#12 What Would Be Your Ultimate Computer?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#27 Old IBM Mainframe Systems
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#47 PL/I advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#77 PDP-8 advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#95 Is it a lost cause?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#103 August 12, 1981, IBM Introduces Personal Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#106 Blogs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#107 some computer and online history
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#110 Tymshare sold to McDonnell Douglas

posts mentioning (mostly virtual machine based) online commercial services
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#online

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever
Date: 14 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever
https://theintercept.com/2016/11/14/in-the-trump-era-leaking-and-whistleblowing-are-more-urgent-and-more-noble-than-ever/

In the Madoff hearings, congress had the person that tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC to do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in, speculation was that Madoff was looking for gov. protection after having defrauded some unsavory types). He also pointed out that tips & whistleblowers turn up 13 times more fraud than audits.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

This is somewhat a jab at Sarbanes-Oxley which claimed that it would prevent future ENRONs (with onerous audits) and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required SEC to do something (he pointed out that SEC had a 1-800 line to complain about audits, but no hotline to report fraud).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
sarbanes-oxley
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley

Note that possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, GAO started doing reports of fraudulent public company financial filings ... even showed they increased after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). There was some joke that SOX was really a gift to the audit industry because congress felt badly that one of the big audit houses went out of business in the wake of ENRON.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

Middle last decade (before running across the GAO reports), I was asked to a EU conference (at castle in Liechtenstein) with corproate CEOs and exchange presidents, the theme was Sarbanes-Oxley audit requirments starting to leak into the EU. I pontificated on how to beat SOX audit (i.e. didn't actually change/improve things). Apparently these conferences was part of Liechtenstein trying to get off the US Treasury money laundering blacklist (the innkeeper liked to make jokes about all the people coming through with business cards that said "Dept. of Money Laundering"). Part of the issue was that the big Swiss banks were doing the money laundering transactions across the border in Liechtenstein.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?
Date: 14 Nov 2016
Blog: LinkedIn
IBM "Official" still isn't showing any of my posts in discussion about Mike's IBM Jargon. When bldg.28 (San Jose Research) got 6670s (ibm copier3s with computer interface) ... they were setup in departmental areas around the bldg with colored paper in the alt paper drawer and the driver would print separator page from the alt paper drawer. Since that left the page mostly blank, we enhanced the driver to select random quotations/selections from various selected files. I've got original of some of those files ... including IBM Jargon.

At one point we were having somewhat setto with corporate auditors. SJR had changed the logon screen from "BUSINESS USE ONLY" to "MANAGEMENT APPROVED USE" ... and had a large library of "demo" programs (typically games by any other name). The corporate auditors were attempting to get such software wiped from the systems (this included copy of early ADVENTURE ... TYMSHARE had gotten copy from Stanford's PDP10 system and ported the fortran to CMS.

other trivia: SJR also did the hardware modifications to 6670 to support APA (all points addressable) and software support for things like PDF. Internally this was code named "SHERPA" before release to customers.

posts mentioning 6670 &/or SHERPA:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#42 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#43 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#52 Enter fonts (was Re: Unix case-sensitivity: how did it originate?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#29 20th March 2000
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000d.html#81 Coloured IBM DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#1 What good and old text formatter are there ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001b.html#50 IBM 705 computer manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001g.html#5 New IBM history book out
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#31 Hercules etc. IBM not just missing a great opportunity...
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002h.html#7 disk write caching (was: ibm icecube -- return of
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002m.html#52 Microsoft's innovations [was:the rtf format]
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#24 IBM Selectric as printer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#29 6670
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003c.html#43 Early attempts at console humor?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004c.html#1 Oldest running code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#13 JSX 328x printing (portrait)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004k.html#48 Xah Lee's Unixism
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004l.html#61 Shipwrecks
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#34 [Lit.] Buffer overruns
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#48 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#51 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005f.html#54 1403 printers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#29 Job seperators
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006b.html#20 Seeking Info on XDS Sigma 7 APL
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#44 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006p.html#49 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#1 Materiel and graft
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007b.html#36 Special characters in passwords was Re: RACF - Password rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007g.html#27 The Complete April Fools' Day RFCs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007u.html#72 Parse/Template Function
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#51 It has been a long time since Ihave seen a printer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008h.html#8a Using Military Philosophy to Drive High Value Sales
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#68 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008o.html#69 Blinkenlights
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#42 Password Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008p.html#71 Password Rules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#6 Timeline: The evolution of online communities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#19 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#1 Does this count as 'computer' folklore?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#74 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#85 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#2 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#23 Apple iPad -- this merges with folklore
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#68 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#43 Boyd's Briefings
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#57 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#59 IBM 029 service manual
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010k.html#49 GML
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#61 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#1 Is email dead? What do you think?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#89 Make the mainframe work environment fun and intuitive
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#82 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#84 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#24 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011e.html#55 junking CKD; was "Social Security Confronts IT Obsolescence"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#10 History of APL -- Software Preservation Group
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#21 WHAT WAS THE PROJECT YOU WERE INVOLVED/PARTICIPATED AT IBM THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS REMEMBER?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011f.html#62 Mixing Auth and Non-Auth Modules
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#19 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#21 program coding pads
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#53 Virginia M. Rometty elected IBM president
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#77 Just for a laugh... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#95 Burroughs B5000, B5500, B6500 videos
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#97 Just for a laugh ... How to spot an old IBMer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#54 Yahoo Password Breach: 7 Lessons Learned - Security - Attacks/breaches - Informationweek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012l.html#6 Some fun with IBM acronyms and jargon (was Re: Auditors Don't Know Squat!)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#57 Displaywriter, Unix manuals added to Bitsavers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#22 I Need A Good Password
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#95 IBM PCjr STRIPPED BARE: We tear down the machine Big Blue would rather you forgot
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014e.html#26 23Jun1969 Unbundling Announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014g.html#34 Special characters for Passwords
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#54 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#60 The Tragedy of Rapid Evolution?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#28 US money
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#67 IMPI (System/38 / AS/400 historical)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Mon, 14 Nov 2016 14:50:53 -0800
hancock4 writes:
I have to disagree Computer isn't as cheap as you say.

Sure, a new tower today is 'only' about $500, a great bargain compared to the past. But for someone whose existing computer works just fine, $500 is a lot of money.

Secondly, placing a new machine into service has a high cost in time and software. Old software no longer works, so new versions must be purchased. $$$ Then, the users must sit down and learn how to use the new software and get used it, which is considerable time in itself.

Many computer hobbyists enjoy that time of learning new software and doing installations. However, everyday users want to "hit the gas and go".


computer terminals use to be the same price as a car ... then people were complaining that home computers were nearly the same cost as their car ... although they use to spend more time with their home computer than their car ... then they became significantly cheaper than car.

now can get home computer for less than monthly auto lease.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Nov 2016 09:11:36 -0800
David Wade <dave.g4ugm@gmail.com> writes:
IBM are just as bad (If not worse) than Microsoft for forced upgrades. Because the totally control hardware and software they can, and do force sites that want support to constantly upgrade both hardware and software. Look at the zVM support table here:-

http://www.vm.ibm.com/techinfo/lpmigr/vmleos.html

you can see a typical OS only gets 4 years of support. Unlike Microsoft there is no extended support. When you compare this with the hardware table then you find you are upgrading hardware over the same interval...


recent post in FACEBOOK IBM group ... started with salesman commented that he was told to tell customers that "color" was distracting (when he was selling IBM non-color displays against competition color displays)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#53 IBM Sales & Marketing

IBM sales/marketing became notorious for FUD ... especially refined during the FS period in the 70s .... Future System was going to completely replace 360/370 and was totally different ... and internal politics in the period was shutting down 370 efforts (the lack of IBM offerings during and after FS is credited with giving clone makers market foothold).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#futuresys

The other joke, you could tell when something wasn't selling when corporate declared it "strategic" and offered big sales incentives.

Internally inside IBM there was some number of CALMA terminals
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calma

which were later augmented by rebranded tektronic display ... that was configured to hook into the side of 3277 temrinal.

In the 80s, a former co-worker at IBM had left and was doing lots of consulting business around silicon valley. One of his customers as large chip shop that had large IBM mainframe datacenter that was looking at hooking up a large number of SGI workstations. The former IBMer had done a lot of work on porting (C-based) workstation chip design application to IBM mainframe along with porting/optimizing C-compiler for IBM mainframe. One day the IBM salesman stopped by and asked what he was doing, he replied was getting IBM mainframe ethernet support working (for the SGI workstations). The salesman said that he should be doing Token-Ring instead ... and if he didn't, the customer might find their service calls not answered in timely manner. Almost immediately I got a hour phone call that included lots of four letter words. Next morning the senior VP of engineering (had used CP67 back when he was young engineer) had large press conference to announce it was replacing all its IBM mainframes with SUN servers.

Afterwards corporate sponsored a bunch of taskforce investigations into the technical reason why the customer was moving off IBM mainframes (all the investigations carefully avoided any mention of the real reason).

...

note the other part was gov. & litigation pressure forced 23jun1969 unbundling announcement, which including starting to charge for software ... although IBM did manage to make the case that kernel software should still be "free".
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#unbundle

Part of the rise of clone processor makers was (also) decision to transition to charging for kernel software. This led to decision to release some of my stuff (I continued to work on 360/370 stuff all during the FS period, even ridiculing FS which wasn't exactly career enhancing activity ... one of my hobbies was producing enhanced systems for production use at internal datacenters so a lot was already in us around the company). It was decided that the "resource manager" stuff ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#fairshare

would be guinea pig for charging for kernel software. After the switch to charging for kernel software ... then came the OCO (object code only) "WARS" ... no longer making source available.

some past posts with OCO-WARs references
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007k.html#15 Data Areas Manuals to be dropped
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012j.html#31 How smart do you need to be to be really good with Assembler?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#35 BBC News - Microsoft fixes '19-year-old' bug with emergency patch

in VMSHARE archives
http://vm.marist.edu/~vmshare/

trivia ... shortly after porting from CP67 to VM370 at the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

some old email
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#email731212
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750102
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#email750430

and making "CSC/VM" available for internal datacenters ... somebody cut deal to make a copy of CSC/VM (with all source) available to AT&T Longlines. The original morph from CP67 to VM370 simplified and dropped a bunch of stuff from CP67 ... including a lot of my stuff that was already shipping to customers ... and before VM370 multiprocessor support. Nearly a decade later, the AT&T national marketing rep tracked me down to ask about helping AT&T longlines. They were still running copy of CSC/VM (having migrated to each new generation of hardware). The problem was that IBM was no longer selling single processor machines ... and AT&T was looking at replacing all their machines running CSC/VM with latest clone machines (which were still offering single processor products). past posts mentioning SMP (and/or compare&swap instruction)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#smp

as an aside, the (charged-for) "resource manager" that shipped for VM370 release 3 ... included bunch of other stuff ... including restructuring of lots of VM370 kernel for multiprocessor support ... but not the actual SMP support. During transition phase required hardware support would still be free. IBM then decided to ship SMP support in VM370 release 4 ("free" hardware support) ... however it was dependent on the VM370 restructuring that was already in the charged-for "resource manager". Eventual resolution was to move nearly 90% of the code in the (release 3) "resource manager" into the "free" release 4 base, while not changing the price of the "resource manager" (release 4 resource manager price same as release 3 resource manager).

other posts in this thread:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#46 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#47 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#48 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#49 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#50 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#51 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#52 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#54 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#61 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#62 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Nov 2016 09:38:26 -0800
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

numbers from 2012 IBM financials was that mainframe hardware acconted for 4% of revenue but total mainframe division accounted for 25% of revenue (and 40% of profit) ... although mainframe hardware may have since dropped to half that. monthly mainframe software rental/lease is major cash cow ... keeping that huge profit margin includes not having to keep support staff for old stuff that might only be a couple customers.

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012m.html#67 How do you feel about the fact that today India has more IBM employees than any of the other countries in the world including the USA.?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012n.html#13 System/360--50 years--the future?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#15 A Private life?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013e.html#4 Oracle To IBM: Your 'Customers Are Being Wildly Overcharged'
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#35 Reports: IBM may sell x86 server business to Lenovo
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#37 Where Does the Cloud Cover the Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#57 The cloud is killing traditional hardware and software
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#70 How internet can evolve
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#61 Bet Cloud Computing to Win
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#80 IBM Sales Fall Again, Pressuring Rometty's Profit Goal
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#84 Is end of mainframe near ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#71 Decimation of the valuation of IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#145 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#155 IBM Continues To Crumble
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#30 Why on Earth Is IBM Still Making Mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#85 a bit of hope? What was old is new again
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#19 Linux Foundation Launches Open Mainframe Project
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#52 MVS Posix

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 15 Nov 2016 10:43:38 -0800
powered on tv this morning ... and it had little box on the side saying new system had been automatically loaded. got it before on cellphones and tablets, but this is first time got it for TV.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Nov 2016 08:48:43 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
Yes it is. At PPOE we got ourselves into a knot by not being up to date. We bought a new mainframe and needed to jump forward a couple of OS versions - we discovered there was no direct upgrade so we had to install an intermediate release on a temporary system so we could upgrade. Then there's the issue of other software: this release of DB2 requires _that_ release of the OS that requires _this_ release of VTAM, etc.

I've mentioned before the senior engineer that got a talk scheduled in a late 80s, annual, internal, worldwide, communcation group conference supposedly on 3174 performance, but opened his talk with the statement that the communication group was going to be responsible for the demise of the disk division. The issue was that the communication group was vigorously fighting off client/server and distributed computing trying to preserve its dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base. The disk division was seeing data fleeing the datacenter to more distributed computing friendly platforms with drop in disk sales (few short years later, the company has gone into the red and was being reorganized into the 13 "baby blues" in preparation for breakup of the company).

In any case, a decade earlier, he had written a case study analysis ("THE WAY IT IS PUT TOGETHER......A FIELD PERSPECTIVE") of several customer experiences. One wanted to change a shop floor controller from leased line to dial line. This required a new level of NCP/3705, which then required a new release of VTAM, when then required a new release of MVS (along with new releases of IMS and other products). Any glitch in production work with this massive change ... required a lengthy shutdown to reverse the process:
The Large Conglomerate

In 1975, a large international conglomerate customer accepted the idea that it was possible to use IBM 3600 banking systems in a manufacturing shop floor environment. As a result, the IBM team and customer installed what was to be the second MVS SNA system in the world. The system (hardware and software) was installed by four people and was on-line in 10 weeks. While the effort required 300 to 400 hours overtime by each of the four people, the numerous problems that were experienced were generally regarded as unique and isolated situations. Based on post-installation experiences, the customer and the IBM team no longer hold that belief; the change in attitude gradually occurred as various situations developed.

After the above system had been installed for several months, the 3600 system was enhanced to support dial lines as well as leased lines. This announcement was particularly attractive to the customer since it had two remote 3600 systems that each required 1000 mile leased lines which were only used for 30 minutes (maximum) a day. After investigation, it was determined that the customer would have to change the level of microcode in the 3600 controller to obtain the new function.

This required the customer to

reassemble his 3600 application programs (APBs)

reassemble his 3600 SYSGENS (CPGENs)

install and use the new microcode

use a new level of 3600 starter diskette.

However, the new level of microcode required a new level of Subsystem Support Services (SSS) and Program Validation Services (PVS).

The new level of SSS required a new level of VTAM.

The new level of VTAM required

a new level of NCP

reassembly of the customer written VTAM programs.


... and on it went ...
Conclusion:

Despite assertions of SNA layering and flexibility, IBM communication products lack any semblance of autonomy. Experience has shown that such software must exhibit autonomy/isolation characteristics for usability. This autonomy is not provided by the SCD product line. IBM is revisiting this fact as the IBM U.K. RESPOND network migrates from its highly autonomous CON/370 network interface to a VTAM based network.


... snip ...

past posts mentioning dumb terminal paradigm and/or the presentation about communication group being responsible for the demise of disk division (and customers fleeing IBM datacenter)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal
past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

other posts in this thread
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#43 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#44 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#45 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#46 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#47 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#48 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#49 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#50 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#51 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#52 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#54 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#61 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#62 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#67 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#68 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#69 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Nov 2016 08:54:51 -0800
jmfbahciv <See.above@aol.com> writes:
Where did it get the new code to load? If the answer is cable, how did the cable company know your TV needed new code? Or was the "new system" a download of station channel info?

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#70 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

tv has both a settop box "cable" and an "ethernet" cable to modem (provided by the same company providing settop box). TV has menu that selects from several of the internet-based TV services (there are even internet buttons on the remote that came with the TV).

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Fed's Kashkari Releases Plan To End "Too Big To Fail", Compares Banks To Terrorists

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Fed's Kashkari Releases Plan To End Too Big To Fail, Compares Banks To Terrorists
Date: 16 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Fed's Kashkari Releases Plan To End Too Big To Fail, Compares Banks To Terrorists
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-16/feds-kashkari-releases-plan-end-too-big-fail-compares-banks-terrorists

posts mentioning too big to fail (too big to prosecute and too big to jail)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM disk capacity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM disk capacity
Date: 16 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
1979, 571.3mbytes ... much smaller than what shown above
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3370.html

however, FBA, MVT/MVS/etc still requires CKD from the 60s ... even tho real CKD haven't been made for decades (being simulated on industry standard fixed-block). Long ago and far away, I tried offering MVS FBA support ... but was told I needed $26M new business profit to justify publications and training ($200M-$300M new sales). I was then told IBM was selling as much CKD as fast as could be made, so any FBA support would just mean selling same amount of FBA as CKD (no incremental revenue).

1975, 3350 317.5MB much smaller than shown above
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3350.html

3350 offered a couple cylinders of fixed-head (head per track) feature. I did proposal to add "multiple exposure" support for the fixed head area (multiple exposure was offered with 2305 fixed head disk, multiple device addresses that could have independent concurrent channel programs,, would enable data transfer from fixed head area, overlapped while moveable arm was seeking). It would be useful for high-use data like paging ... it was blocked by group in POK that thot it would impact a product that they working on (that was never announced or shipped).

Looks a little like 1980 gigabyte 3380 HDA ... but was also smaller
http://aphelis.net/first-gigabyte-hard-drive-ibm-3380/

original 3380 had 20 track-width spacings between each data tracks. Later model then cut the spacing to 10 track-with spacings ... which doubled the number of tracks (cylinders). That inter-track spacing was cut again, giving triple number of tracks (cylinders).
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3380c.html

trivia: 3380 last CKD ... was already a form of FBA with data being recorded in fixed-sized "cells" and size of record on disk had to be rounded up to cell size.

3330-I (& removable disk pack) was only 100mbyte, introduced in 1970
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3330.html
1973, 3330-11 cut the track spacing in half and doubled the capacity to 200mbytes, 3336 disk pack
http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/L2006.1.6
some more picture (including person hold pack to give idea of size)
https://www.staff.ncl.ac.uk/roger.broughton/museum/DASD/200429.htm

disclaimer: they let me freely wander around bldgs 14&15 in the 70s and early 80s and play disk engineer (they even started insisting that I sit in on conference calls with POK channel engineers) ...

past posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk
past posts mentioning, CKD, multi-track search, FBA, etc
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Wed, 16 Nov 2016 11:17:48 -0800
Peter Flass <peter_flass@yahoo.com> writes:
JES2 networking is an even worse example of such a fiasco.

re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#71 "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

co-worker at the science center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#545tech

was responsible for the implementation used primarily for the IBM internal network
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and later bitnet
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#bitnet

I've periodically commented about litney of serious JES2 networking issues .... including requiring consistent versions across all JES2 systems in an network (incompatible versions including crashing JES2 and taking down the MVS systems). The multitude of problems restricted JES2 to edge nodes fronted by RSCS/VNET configured to try and keep JES2 from crashing and taking down MVS.

RSCS/VNET had carefully architectured and implemented layers ... so RSCS/VNET was able to have special JES2 drivers that would talk JES2 protocol. Over a period of time a library of RSCS/VNET JES2 drivers grew up that would carefully reformat JES2 header information to correspond to the specific JES2 on the other end of link (so transmissions from incompatible JES2 systems wouldn't crash other JES2 systems).

There is famous case of JES2 system in San Jose crashing MVS systems in Hursely. It was eventually blamed on the RSCS/VNET group because they hadn't loaded the (been notified to load the latest) corresponding JES2 reformater on the Hursely RSCS/VNET.

Part of the shortcomings in the JES2 implementation was that it intermixed JES2 networking fields with the JES2 job control fields ... simple incompatible release-to-release changes, would cause system crashes from network transmissions.

some past HASP, JES, JES networking, etc posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#hasp

the HASP/JES2 networking support, originally carried "TUCC" in cols. 68-71 of the source (from the customer that had done the original implementation). One of the shortcomings was that for defining nodes, it used unused entries in the 255 entry psuedo device table (which usually met limiting to around 160 defined nodes). The internal network quickly passed 255 nodes and HASP/JES2 would trash traffic where it didn't have the originating node and/or the destination node in its defined table (another reason why JES2/MVS was restricted to edge nodes). The internal network had exceeded 1000 nodes well before JES2 got around to extending support to limit of 999 nodes.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM disk capacity

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM disk capacity
Date: 16 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#74 IBM disk capacity

3880 controller had really slow controller ... it did have 3mbyte hardware datapath ... but everything else was much slower (start operation, channel program processing, end operation, etc, especially compared to previous 3830 controller, upgrading 3830->3880 controller ... while keeping old strings of 3330 could mean significant degradation in throughput).

There were some early 3380 quality problems with "sticktion" that required crash program to resolve ... old email from 1982
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#email820917
in this post
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#130 3380 & 3081 history

piccolo was only 64mbytes
https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_3310.html note in above that 3310 (fixed block architecture disk) had optional 2311 and 2314 emulation.

one of the issues for MVS was there was huge explosion in 4300 sales, large customers with hundreds at a time for deployment out in departmental area (sort of leading edge of the coming distributed computing tsunami). The only "mid-range" disk for such environment were FBA ... which MVS didn't support. Eventually they did come out with 3375 CKD emulated on 3370 for MVS ... but there was still an issue with typical MVS care&feeding was measured in tens of people per MVS system ... while requirement for deploying hundreds out in departmental areas required care of feeding measured in tens of systems per person (rather than the other way around).

posts getting to play disk engineer in bldgs 14&15
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subtopic.html#disk

posts mentiioning CKD, multitrack search, FBA
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submain.html#dasd

past posts mentioning JIB-prime microprocessor used for the 3880 controller
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000b.html#38 How to learn assembler language for OS/390 ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000c.html#75 Does the word "mainframe" still have a meaning?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000e.html#54 VLIW at IBM Research
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001f.html#44 Golden Era of Compilers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001l.html#63 MVS History (all parts)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#2 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002b.html#3 Microcode? (& index searching)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002g.html#55 Multics hardware (was Re: "Soul of a New Machine" Computer?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002l.html#2 What is microcode?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2002o.html#3 PLX
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003.html#2 vax6k.openecs.org rebirth
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003b.html#7 Disk drives as commodities. Was Re: Yamhill
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003d.html#43 IBM says AMD dead in 5yrs ... -- Microsoft Monopoly vs. IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003m.html#43 S/360 undocumented instructions?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003n.html#45 hung/zombie users ... long boring, wandering story
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#65 System/360 40 years old today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004n.html#15 360 longevity, was RISCs too close to hardware?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004o.html#25 CKD Disks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004p.html#61 IBM 3614 and 3624 ATM's
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005t.html#50 non ECC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#6 IBM 610 workstation computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#9 Mainframe Jobs Going Away
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006c.html#46 Hercules 3.04 announcement
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006g.html#0 IBM 3380 and 3880 maintenance docs needed
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006q.html#50 Was FORTRAN buggy?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006s.html#32 Why magnetic drums was/are worse than disks ?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006v.html#31 MB to Cyl Conversion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#38 FBA rant
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007l.html#53 Drums: Memory or Peripheral?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#46 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008d.html#52 Throwaway cores
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#45 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#49 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#60 Mainframe Hall of Fame: 17 New Members Added
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009k.html#75 Disksize history question
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#36 comp.arch has made itself a sitting duck for spam
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#79 Now is time for banks to replace core system according to Accenture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#30 SHAREWARE at Its Finest
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010h.html#62 25 reasons why hardware is still hot at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010n.html#14 Mainframe Slang terms
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#36 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#37 CKD DASD
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#54 Graph of total world disk space over time?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#128 Start Interpretive Execution
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#28 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#75 megabytes per second
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012e.html#27 NASA unplugs their last mainframe
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012o.html#28 IBM mainframe evolves to serve the digital world
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012p.html#17 What is a Mainframe?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#16 relative mainframe speeds, was What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#86 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013i.html#0 By Any Other Name
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#57 rebuild 1403 printer chain
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013n.html#69 'Free Unix!': The world-changing proclamation made30yearsagotoday
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#79 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#81 Asynchronous Interrupts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#45 How the internet was invented
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#56 IBM 1401 vs. 360/30 emulation?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication
Date: 17 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication
http://melissaagnes.com/data-breach-crisis-communication/

We were tangentially involved in the Cal. data breach notification act, having been brought in to help wordsmith the electronic signature act. Several of the participants were heavily involved in privacy issues and had done detailed public surveys. At the top was fraudulent financial transactions as a result of breaches. The problem was little or nothing was being done about the breaches. An issue is institution normally takes security measures in self protection, in these cases the institutions weren't at risk, it was the public. It was hoped that the publicity from the notification might prompt institutions to take corrective action.

I used the above explanation in the introduction when I was writing the financial industry privacy standard.

I started using security proportional to risk to describe the current financial transaction paradigm, the value of transaction information to the merchant is the profit on the transaction ... which can be a few dollars, while the value to the criminal is the credit limit &/or account balance (possibly 2-3 orders of magnitude greater). As a result the crooks may be able to outspend attacking by orders of magnitude (compared to what merchants can spend defending).

also, "dual use" threat, in the current paradigm, the information necessary for the crook to make a fraudulent transaction ... is also required in the standard transaction business processes at millions of location around the world; as a result the information is both a) needed to be readily available and b) kept confidential and never divulged.

electronic signature posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subpubkey.html#signature
data breach notification
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification
security proportional to risk
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#security.proportional.to.risk

and

Customer data security is our highest priori- ha ha ha whatever, suckers
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/11/18/customer_data_security_is_our_highest_priority_ha_ha_ha_whatever_suckers/

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

More Dodd-Frank

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: More Dodd-Frank
Date: 17 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#8 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#9 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#10 Wall Street Preparing Dodd-Frank Rule Workaround
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#58 Drafting of Dodd-Frank

more Dodd-Frank

Yellen: Repealing Dodd-Frank would increase odds of another financial crisis
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/yellen-repealing-dodd-frank-would-increase-odds-of-another-financial-crisis-162821221.html
Fed Chair Defends Dodd-Frank Act, Pledges to Serve Full Term
http://abcnews.go.com/Business/fed-chair-defends-dodd-frank-act-pledges-serve/story?id=43608318
What Dismantling Dodd-Frank Can Do
http://www.wsj.com/articles/what-dismantling-dodd-frank-can-do-1479342487
Dodd-Frank Reform Watch
http://www.americanbanker.com/dodd-frank/

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Defense Meltdown

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Defense Meltdown
Date: 18 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
there is some line about if you repeat a lie often enough (current fiscal cliff for DOD), some people will start to believe it. "America's Defense Meltdown"
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B001TKD4SA/
loc4189-91
"After more than four decades of supposedly well-structured defense planning and programming, combined with numerous studies aimed at reforming its multibillion-dollar acquisition system, any informed student of our defense establishment would conclude that the overall decision process is broken and in need of far-reaching, even radical, remedial actions. The evidence supporting the need for drastic action abounds."

... snip ..

also
http://dnipogo.org/labyrinth/

Big lie
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_lie

goes along with all the recent articles about "fake news" and

Customer data security is our highest priori- ha ha ha whatever, suckers
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/11/18/customer_data_security_is_our_highest_priority_ha_ha_ha_whatever_suckers/

here
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#77 Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
perpetual war
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#perpetual.war

past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#20 Five great technological revolutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009e.html#53 Are the "brightest minds in finance" finally onto something?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#53 What do you think about fraud prevention in the governments?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#55 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#75 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011.html#93 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#0 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#59 Productivity And Bubbles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011c.html#45 If IBM Hadn't Bet the Company
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#83 End of an era
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011g.html#10 America's Defense Meltdown
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#43 Happy 100th Birthday, IBM!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#70 Pentagon Struggles To Keep Ships Sailing, Planes Flying As Budget Cuts Loom
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011j.html#40 Advice from Richard P. Feynman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#10 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#17 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#64 Early use of the word "computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#66 Monopoly/ Cartons of Punch Cards
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013f.html#18 Air Superiority: Advantage over enemy skies for 60 years
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014.html#67 Royal Pardon For Turing
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#91 Friden Flexowriter equipment series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#13 LEO
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#66 fingerspitzengefuhl and Coup d'oeil

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
Date: 18 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
http://www.lohud.com/story/news/local/westchester/2016/05/31/somers-officials-ibm/84899384/

Initial construction (from Wikipedia) "Constructed between 1984 and 1989, the $55 million complex allowed consolidation of 3,000 employees previously spread among several facilities in the surrounding area."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Somers_Office_Complex

early 90s, we had some meetings in the new, recently acquired purchase bldg ... had been originally built for new nestle hdqtrs. In the middle 90s (we had left IBM) had a meeting with Mastercard & Intuit in the bldg. Mastercard had recently acquired it for its new hdqtrs. They said that the bought it from IBM for less than what they spent to replace all door handles in the bldg. Speculation was that new CEO was selling off real estate just to raise cash (for bonuses?, apparently didn't care that it was way less than appraised value).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

In the early 90s, we would periodically visit Somers and wander around the halls ... and talk to various people about changing computer business and how IBM needed to change ... and the occupants could clearly articulate the changes needed. We would periodically return to find no changes and repeat the earlier discussions. We speculated that the occupants with decades of IBM career were attempting to preserve the status quo until after they retired, concerned that any change in the status quo might devalue their decades of experience.

In the late 80s & early 90s, we were out making customer executive presentations on distributed computing ... and taking horrible FUD arrows in the back from communication group, t/r & SAA people. Somebody that I had worked with on&off over a period of decades had been made head of SAA and had a top-floor, corner office in Somers (joke that could almost see Endicott) ... and would wander into his office to complain about his people making up all sort of fabricated stuff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

past posts mentioning somers:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#123 Speaking of USB ( was Re: ASR 33 Typing Element)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#5 IBM Somers NY facility?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#43 Mainframe Emulation Solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#62 microsoft antitrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#8 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#29 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#66 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#34 IBM Poughkeepsie?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#67 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#49 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#4 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#79 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#50 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#64 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#57 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#36 CLECs, Barbara, and the Phone Geek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#87 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#40 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Nov 2016 10:58:56 -0800
IBM Sells Somers Site for $31.75 million
http://www.lohud.com/story/news/local/westchester/2016/05/31/somers-officials-ibm/84899384/

Initial construction (from Wikipedia) "Constructed between 1984 and 1989, the $55 million complex allowed consolidation of 3,000 employees previously spread among several facilities in the surrounding area."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Somers_Office_Complex

early 90s, we had some meetings in the new, recently acquired purchase bldg ... had been originally built for new nestle hdqtrs. In the middle 90s (we had left IBM) had a meeting with Mastercard & Intuit in the bldg. Mastercard had recently acquired it for its new hdqtrs. They said that the bought it from IBM for less than what they spent to replace all door handles in the bldg. Speculation was that new CEO was selling off real estate just to raise cash (for bonuses?, apparently didn't care that it was way less than appraised value).
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

In the early 90s, we would periodically visit Somers and wander around the halls ... and talk to various people about changing computer business and how IBM needed to change ... and the occupants could clearly articulate the changes needed. We would periodically return to find no changes and repeat the earlier discussions. We speculated that the occupants with decades of IBM career were attempting to preserve the status quo until after they retired, concerned that any change in the status quo could devalue their decades of experience.

In the late 80s & early 90s, we were out making customer executive presentations on distributed computing ... and taking horrible FUD arrows in the back from communication group, T/R & SAA people. Somebody that I had worked with on&off over a period of decades had been made head of SAA and had a top floor, corner office in Somers (joke that could almost see Endicott) ... and would wander into his office to complain about his people making up all sort of fabricated stuff.
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#3tier

related to periodic posts mentioning communication group fiercely protecting its dumb (emulated) terminal paradigm and install base (and characterized as would be responsible for demise of the disk division)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#terminal

past posts mentioning somers:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/99.html#123 Speaking of USB ( was Re: ASR 33 Typing Element)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2000f.html#5 IBM Somers NY facility?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2003p.html#43 Mainframe Emulation Solutions
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004d.html#62 microsoft antitrust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2005r.html#8 Intel strikes back with a parallel x86 design
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006l.html#29 Mainframe Linux Mythbusting (Was: Using Java in batch
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008c.html#66 Toyota Beats GM in Global Production
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#34 IBM Poughkeepsie?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009o.html#67 I would like to understand the professional job market in US. Is it shrinking?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010e.html#49 z9 / z10 instruction speed(s)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010f.html#55 Handling multicore CPUs; what the competition is thinking
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010g.html#29 someone smarter than Dave Cutler
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#4 When will MVS be able to use cheap dasd
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010o.html#79 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011i.html#50 Having left IBM, seem to be reminded that IBM is not the same IBM I had joined
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011p.html#64 Has anyone successfully migrated off mainframes?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012h.html#57 How will mainframers retiring be different from Y2K?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#36 CLECs, Barbara, and the Phone Geek
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013h.html#87 IBM going ahead with more U.S. job cuts today
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014b.html#44 Resistance to Java
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014d.html#41 World Wide Web turns 25 years old
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#40 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Computing Luminaries Honored with Presidential Medal of Freedom

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Computing Luminaries Honored with Presidential Medal of Freedom
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Nov 2016 16:40:05 -0800
Computing Luminaries Honored with Presidential Medal of Freedom
http://www.computerhistory.org/atchm/computing-luminaries-honored-with-presidential-medal-of-freedom/
White House honors 5 technology innovators with the Presidential Medal of Freedom
http://www.techrepublic.com/article/white-house-honors-5-technology-innovators-with-the-presidential-medal-of-freedom/
1. Richard Garwin

Garwin, a polymath physicist, played a pivotal role in US defense and intelligence tech, helping design the first successful hydrogen bomb. He also was involved in creating innovations in "low-temperature and nuclear physics, detection of gravitational radiation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computer systems, [and] laser printing," according to the post. Garwin also directed Applied Research at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center. He devoted much of his career to nonproliferation, and has advised every president since Eisenhower. Garwin has been instrumental in helping create solutions to crisis like the BP oil spill and the nuclear plant explosion in Fukushima.


...

from one of the YKT references, he architected the sensor network around the USSR to detect underground testing .... and needed other colleagues to invent FFT because older algorithms were too slow for the computers available at the time
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooley%E2%80%93Tukey_FFT_algorithm
Tukey reportedly came up with the idea during a meeting of President Kennedy's Science Advisory Committee discussing ways to detect nuclear-weapon tests in the Soviet Union by employing seismometers located outside the country. These sensors would generate seismological time series. However, analysis of this data would require fast algorithms for computing DFT due to number of sensors and length of time. This task was critical for the ratification of the proposed nuclear test ban so that any violations could be detected without need to visit Soviet facilities.[4][5] Another participant at that meeting, Richard Garwin of IBM, recognized the potential of the method and put Tukey in touch with Cooley however making sure that Cooley did not know the original purpose. Instead Cooley was told that this was needed to determine periodicities of the spin orientations in a 3-D crystal of Helium-3. Cooley and Tukey subsequently published their joint paper, and wide adoption quickly followed due to the simultaneous development of Analog-to-digital converters capable of sampling at rates up to 300 kHz.

... snip ...

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Fri, 18 Nov 2016 17:55:49 -0800
Alan Bowler <atbowler@thinkage.ca> writes:
At the time I concluded the guys like Steve Case & Co. knew exactly what they were doing. They took a whole lot of stock in a company that the market had a sky-high P/E and used it to purchase a a real company that actually made money. I read it as a sure sign that the dot-com boom was about to end and the smart money was getting out.

I was not confident enough to do the smart thing and start shorting these zero-profit dot-coms. However, I also avoided buying them because they did not pay dividends. In the end I did well out of the bring dividend payers many people were ignoring at the time.


re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#32 Ma Bell is coming back and, boy, is she pissed! She bought Bugs Bunny!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#55 more economic mess

we were in financial standards meeting hosted by large industry lobbying group in DC when we got asked to step out that there was somebody to see us. Took us to office and shut the door and introduced to somebody that said they were from ethnic organization in NJ and some investment bankers had asked him to talk to us; he said it was nothing personal, purely business.

We were being critical of some technology that was involved in a company that they were about to IPO, they were expected $2B, but our vocal criticism was predicted to result in 10% downside ... and would we just shutup.

Afterwards we went to some Federal LEOs and were told that investment bankers are like that. There were some number of investmnet bankers that had walked away clean from the S&L crisis that were then operating internet IPO mills; invest a few millions, hype for two years, and then IPO for a couple billion (preferably the new company then goes under leaving the landscape clear for the next round of IPOs). We were told that after the internet IPO bubble burts, they were predicted to get into securitized mortgages next.

Later in 1999, we were asked if we would help try and prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents (counter was paying for triple-A ratings, triple-A trumps supporting documents and they can start doing no-document liar loans).

posts mentiong S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis
(triple-A rated) toxic CDO posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo

few past posts mentioning internet ipo mill:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010l.html#62 A mighty fortress is our PKI
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010p.html#78 TCM's Moguls documentary series
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011h.html#59 SSL digital certificates
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012b.html#84 A Conversation with Peter Thiel
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#54 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#55 What Makes a Tax System Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014m.html#37 Income Inequality
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#10 25 Years: How the Web began
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#19 Banking; The Book That Will Save Banking From Itself

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication
Date: 18 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#77 Your Guide for Data Breach Crisis Communication

Customer data security is our highest priori- ha ha ha whatever, suckers
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/11/18/customer_data_security_is_our_highest_priority_ha_ha_ha_whatever_suckers/
Three hack: Security experts accuse telco of 'corporate blindness'
http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/2477893/three-hack-security-experts-accuse-telco-of-corporate-blindness
Three hack: Security experts accuse telco of 'corporate blindness'
http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/2477893/three-hack-security-experts-accuse-telco-of-corporate-blindness
Data Breach at Three Mobile, Customer Details of Millions Exposed
https://it.slashdot.org/story/16/11/18/1740209/data-breach-at-three-mobile-customer-details-of-millions-exposed
Three CEO confirms hack, 133,827 customers were exposed
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/11/18/three_ceo_admits_hack/
Three Mobile hack: how to protect yourself if you've been affected
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2016/11/17/three-hack-how-to-protect-yourself-if-youve-been-affected/
Three breach highlights several security issues, says (ISC)2
http://www.computerweekly.com/news/450403187/Three-breach-highlights-several-security-issues-says-ISC2
Three, Tesco, Yahoo and porn sites get hacked - but what happens with stolen data on the dark web?
http://www.cbronline.com/news/cybersecurity/three-tesco-yahoo-porn-sites-get-hacked-happens-stolen-data-dark-web/

data breach notification posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#data.breach.notification

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Stars face ruin over tax bill

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Stars face ruin over tax bill
Date: 18 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Stars face ruin over tax bill
http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/stars-face-ruin-over-tax-bill-nrznfbsgv

middle last decade, I was suggesting loan originators, rating agencies, and TBTF charged with RICO ... all assets seized and individuals doing jailtime.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racketeer_Influenced_and_Corrupt_Organizations_Act

TBTF posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sat, 19 Nov 2016 09:35:12 -0800
Morten Reistad <first@last.name.invalid> writes:
That is why I am making a distinction between the core government and the spooks. They do make walls between them when they make such spy legislation. At least there is an appearance of isolation.

We were tangentially involved in this, but didn't know it at the time, beltway bandits have found that they make more money off series of failures
http://www.govexec.com/excellence/management-matters/2007/04/the-success-of-failure/24107/
Director shelves working $3M ThinThread for multi-billion dollar Trailblazer that doesn't work
https://www.whistleblower.org/bio-william-binney-and-j-kirk-wiebe

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#success.of.failure
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower

Every once in awhile local DC news will refer to capital hill as Kabuki Theater, what you see has little or nothing to do with what is really going on, aka majority is "fake news", propaganda to manipulate the public ... some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#kabuki.theater

Last decade there was enormous uptic in gov. outsourcing, 70percent of intelligence budget and over half the people outsourced to mostly private-equity subsidiaries ... including Snowden's employer (some number of companies that had subcontracted clearances were found to just filling out the paperwork and not actually doing background checks, under heavy pressure by their parents to cut corners and generate revenue). A major item of the 2008 campaign was reverse the enormous outsourcing, but appears to have left things pretty much as was in previous administration
http://www.investingdaily.com/17693/spies-like-us/
From a shareholder perspective, Booz Allen's willingness to cut senior staff and overhead in defense of profits is certainly a plus, as is the potential that Carlyle will pay itself another big dividend with borrowed money

... snip ...

Booz Allen's Role in N.S.A. Case Puts Spotlight on Carlyle
http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/06/10/booz-allens-role-in-n-s-a-saga-casts-spotlight-on-carlyle/
NSA revelations put Booz Allen Hamilton, Carlyle Group in uncomfortable limelight
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/nsa-revelations-put-booz-allen-hamilton-carlyle-group-in-uncomfortable-limelight/2013/06/11/8f4d9138-d2ca-11e2-a73e-826d299ff459_story.html

Gerstner to Be Chairman of Carlyle Group
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/22/business/gerstner-to-be-chairman-of-carlyle-group.html
Carlyle, based in Washington, has also stood out among investment firms for having several former senior government officials on its payroll in one capacity or another. Besides the senior Mr. Bush, they include James A. Baker III, a former secretary of state; John Major, the former British prime minister; Arthur Levitt, former chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission; and William E. Kennard, a former F.C.C. chairman.

... snip ...

some past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#gerstner

the more recent case is also BAH employee (although it appears that it started before Snowden and continued long after Snowden, despite numerous claims of changes to prevent another Snowden)
https://www.emptywheel.net/2016/10/05/hal-er-um-bah-bites-nsa/

one of the issue is that gov. agencies can't lobby and beltway bandits can't use money from gov. contracts to lobby ... however, private-equity owners of beltway bandit subsidiaries can lobby to congress's delight. past posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#private.equity

Another case: OPM Contractor's Parent Firm Has a Troubled History
https://theintercept.com/2015/06/24/opm-contractor-veritas/
The firm also acquired MZM Inc., an intelligence contractor, after the firm's founder was investigated for providing bribes to Rep. Duke Cunningham, R-Calif., in exchange for help obtaining Pentagon contracts. MZM under Veritas was renamed Athena Innovative Solutions, and as Bloomberg reported, the Pentagon later approved Athena's takeover of all of MZM's contracts.

... snip ...

Military-industrial(-congressional) complex heavily involved in all sorts of manipulation and fabrication

Note military-industrial complex wanted the Iraq2 war so badly that corporate reps were telling former eastern block countries that if they voted for IRAQ2 invasion in the UN, they would get membership in NATO and (directed appropriation) USAID (that can only be used for purchase of modern US arms). From the law of unintended consequences, Iraq US invaders were told to bypass ammo dumps looking for the fabricated WMDs ... later when they got around to going back, over million metric tons had evaporated. Later, large artillery shells start showing up in IEDs, even taking out Abram M1s.
http://www.amazon.com/Prophets-War-Lockheed-Military-Industrial-ebook/dp/B0047T86BA
Here they start running the route before taking out Abram M1s (because they were so vulnerable)
https://www.amazon.com/Battle-Baqubah-Killing-Our-Way-ebook/dp/B007VBBS9I/

military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
and posts on the Iraqi WMD issue
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#wmds

#1 IRAQ WMDs: 5 Times When The Mainstream Media "Created Fake News"... And People Died As A Result
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-18/5-times-when-mainstream-media-created-fake-news-and-people-died-result

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Finance Is Not the Economy

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Finance Is Not the Economy
Date: 19 Nov 2016
Blog: Google
Finance Is Not the Economy
http://evonomics.com/finance-is-not-the-economy-bezemer-hudson/

we were in financial standards meeting hosted by large industry lobbying group in DC when we got asked to step out that there was somebody to see us. Took us to office and shut the door and introduced to somebody that said they were from ethnic organization in NJ and some investment bankers had asked him to talk to us; he said it was nothing personal, purely business.

We were being critical of some technology that was involved in a company that they were about to IPO, they were expected $2B, but our vocal criticism was predicted to result in 10% downside ... and would we just shutup.

Afterwards we went to some Federal LEOs and were told that investment bankers are like that. There were some number of investmnet bankers that had walked away clean from the S&L crisis that were then operating internet IPO mills; invest a few millions, hype for two years, and then IPO for a couple billion (preferably the new company then goes under leaving the landscape clear for the next round of IPOs). We were told that after the internet IPO bubble burts, they were predicted to get into securitized mortgages next.

Later in 1999, we were asked if we would help try and prevent the coming economic mess by improving the integrity of securitized mortgage supporting documents (securitized mortgages had been used during S&L crisis to obfuscate fraudulent mortgages, posterchild were office bldgs around Dallas that turned out to be empty lots). They then found they could pay for triple-A ratings (when both the sellers and rating agencies knew they weren't worth triple-A from Oct2008 congressional testimony), triple-A trumps supporting documents, they can start doing no-document liar loans and no longer have to care about borrowers' qualifications and loan quality ... being able to sell everything as fast as they could be made. Triple-A also enables being able to sell to institutions restricted to safe investments like large public & private pension funds (claims that it accounts for 30% loss in their value). Triple-A rating major factor in being able to do over $27T 2001-2008 (and outside the traditional mortgage market). the following:
The bundling of consumer loans and home mortgages into packages of securities -- a process known as securitization -- was the biggest U.S. export business of the 21st century. More than $27 trillion of these securities have been sold since 2001, according to the Securities Industry Financial Markets Association, an industry trade group. That's almost twice last year's U.S. gross domestic product of $13.8 trillion

is from

Evil Wall Street Exports Boomed With 'Fools' Born to Buy Debt
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&refer=home&sid=a0jln3.CSS6c
but has been moved behind paywall
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-10-27/evil-wall-street-exports-boomed-with-fools-born-to-buy-debt

full text can sometimes be found searching the internet. From the law of unintended consequences, the largest fines that have been levied on the TBTF related to the economic mess is for the robo-signing mills fabricating the missing mortgage documents.

(triple-A rated) toxic CDOs
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.CDO

VP (and former replacement CIA director) ... claims no knowledge of such activities
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair
because he was fulltime administration point person deregulating financial industry ... creating S&L crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis
along with other members of his family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savings_and_loan_crisis#Silverado_Savings_and_Loan
and another
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D81E3BF937A25753C1A966958260

S&L crisis posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#s&l.crisis

and another presides over the financial mess, 70 times larger than S&L crisis. The S&L crisis had 1000 criminal convictions with jailtime, proportionally the economic mess should have 70,000; so far there have been none.

Jan2009, I was asked to HTML'ize the (recently scanned) Pecora Hearings (30s senate hearings into the '29 crash, resulted in criminal convictions and Glass-Steagall) with lots of internal HREFs and URLs between what happened this time and what happened then (comment that the new congress might have appetite to do something). I work on it for awhile and then get a call saying that it won't be needed after all (reference to enormous mountains of wallstreet cash totally burying capital hill).

Pecora &/or Glass-Steagall posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

The end of 2008, just the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic assets. TARP had supposedly been passed to buy these toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated it would hardly dent the problem. TARP was then used for other purposes and the Federal Reserve was left to do the real bailout. FEDRES fought hard, long legal battle to prevent public release of what it was doing (buying offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). When they lost the legal battle the chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't that didn't stop the ZIRP funds (used to buy treasuries and making $300+B/annum on the spread). Supposedly the chairman in part selected for depression scholar ... where the FEDRES had tried something similar with the same results (so the chairman shouldn't have any expectation of different result this time). As an aside, FEDRES could use ZIRP to buy treasuries directly and the federal debt wouldn't cost anything ... but then the TBTF would be out their $300+B/annum.
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Fed chairman posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail") posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail

Triple-A ratings eliminated any reason to care about loan quality. Then they found they could design securitized mortgages to fail, pay for triple-A, sell to their victims and take out CDS gambling bets they would fail (creating enormous demand for bad mortgages). The largest holder of the CDS gambling bets was AIG. AIG was negotiating to payoff at 50cents on the dollar when the SECTREAS stepped in, said they had to sign a document that they couldn't sue those making the bets and take TARP funds to pay off at face value. The largest recipient of TARP funds was AIG and the largest recipient of face value payoffs was the firm formally headed by SECTREAS.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Finance Is Not the Economy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Finance Is Not the Economy
Date: 20 Nov 2016
Blog: Google
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#87 Finance Is Not the Economy

Rhetoric on floor of congress was that Sarbanes-Oxley would prevent future ENRONs and guarantee that executives and auditors did jailtime, however it required that SEC do something. Possibly because even GAO didn't believe SEC was doing anything, middle of last decade, GAO is doing reports on public company fraudulent financial filings, even showing increase after SOX goes into effect (and nobody doing jailtime). Less well known is that SOX also had SEC do something about the rating agencies, but SEC did about as much about rating agencies as it did about fraudulent financial filings.

posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#enron
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#sarbanes-oxley
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#financial.reporting.fraud

In the Madoff hearings, congress had testimony by the person that had tried unsuccessfully for a decade to get SEC do something about Madoff (SEC's hands were forced when Madoff turned himself in, speculation was that Madoff defrauded some unsavory characters and was looking for gov. protection). The person also testified that whistleblowers/tips turn up 13 times more fraud than audits ... and that SEC had 1-800 number for companies to complain about audits, but had no tip-line.

past posts mentioning
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#madoff
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#whistleblower
regulatory capture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#regulatory.capture

Since the economic mess, TBTF have paid an estimated aggregate $300B in fines (compared to the $300+B/annum they are clearing from ZIRP Treasury spread), but not just for the economic mess, but also manipulating LIBOR, FOREX, and commodities market, money laundering for drug cartels and terrorists, tax evasion and other criminal activity. The joke is that the fines are so small compared to the amounts involved that the fines are just viewed as the cost of running criminal enterprise. posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp
TBTF
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
LIBOR
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#libor
money laundering
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#money.laundering
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

trivia: one of the reports was that during the economic mess, financial services sector tripled in size (as percent of GDP) and NY State comptroller reported wallstreet bonuses spiked over 400% during the economic mess ... aka finance didn't improve size of economy just took larger piece of everybody else's share.

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Sun, 20 Nov 2016 14:52:33 -0800
Charlie Gibbs <cgibbs@kltpzyxm.invalid> writes:
A PPOE practised such silliness, not only with monitors but the computers to which they were attached. Thus managers who hardly used them got the most powerful machines with the biggest screens - while our data entry clerk had to stare at a 14-inch CRT all day long. (Her lowly status meant she was really treated badly. Several times she stormed out of the office in tears; on one such occasion she never came back.)

from recent (linkedin) IBM thread (which I've repeated a number of times)

It use to be that 3270 (on individual desks) required VP signoff (justification) in fall budget ... even when we show that 3yr amortized 3270 monthly cost was same/less than business phone (which was standard on desks). Then there was rapidly spreading rumor that top corporate executives were using email ... and nearly the whole year's internal delivery of 3270s terminal were diverted to management desks ... creating facade that rest of IBM management was also email active ... when in fact the terminals spent the whole day powered on with the VM370 logo (or in some cases PROFS menu, when administrative assistant would do the login) being burned into the screen.

Later you saw middle management diverting PS2/486 with large (8514) screens (justified for development projects) to their desks as the latest status symbols (again the machines spent the day idle, with PROFS menu being burned into the screen, 3270 terminal emulation).

....

posts mentioning dumb terminal emulation
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#emulation

some past posts mentioning terminal/email status symbol:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006n.html#23 sorting was: The System/360 Model 20 Wasn't As Bad As All That
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006w.html#7 Why these original FORTRAN quirks?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009l.html#41 another item related to ASCII vs. EBCDIC
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009m.html#34 IBM Poughkeepsie?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#43 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#49 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009q.html#51 The 50th Anniversary of the Legendary IBM 1401
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#88 search engine history, was Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011d.html#13 I actually miss working at IBM
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#37 IBM cuts more than 1,000 U.S. Workers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012d.html#40 Strategy subsumes culture
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013b.html#58 Dualcase vs monocase. Was: Article for the boss
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#98 PROFS & GML

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Finance Is Not the Economy

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Finance Is Not the Economy
Date: 20 Nov 2016
Blog: Google
re:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#87 Finance Is Not the Economy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#88 Finance Is Not the Economy

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue) lapse (on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that since then, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Since then taxes haven't been restored and spending only modest cuts so debt continues to increase. Some analysis claims it was confluence of interests, Greenspan & wallstreet wanting huge debt (so the ZIRP treasury scam works), special interests wanting huge tax cuts, and military-industrial complex and other gov contractors wanting huge spending increase (along with significant uptic in gov. outsourcing last decade).
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
Fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: IBM Jargon and General Computing Dictionary Tenth Edition
Newsgroups: bit.listserv.ibm-main
Date: Mon, 21 Nov 2016 07:57:06 -0800
gabe@GABEGOLD.COM (Gabe Goldberg) writes:
Worth a glance, if you've not seen this. Or a refresher if you have.

http://www.comlay.net/ibmjarg.pdf

It just showed up in a LinkedIn group -- not exactly hot off the press.


Original entry for Tandem Memos, the datamation reference was later dropped ... part of getting blamed for online computer conferencing on the internal network (larger than arpanet/internet from just about the beginning until sometime mid-80s) in the late 70s and early 80s (folklore is that when the corporate executive committee was told about online computer conferencing and the internal network, 5of6 wanted to fire me)
Tandem Memos - n. Something constructive but hard to control; a fresh of breath air (sic). That's another Tandem Memos. A phrase to worry middle management. It refers to the computer-based conference (widely distributed in 1981) in which many technical personnel expressed dissatisfaction with the tools available to them at that time, and also constructively criticised the way products were are developed. The memos are required reading for anyone with a serious interest in quality products. If you have not seen the memos, try reading the November 1981 Datamation summary.

Now this entry is inaccurate. When Jim left for Tandem, he foisted some number of things off on me, consulting with IMS development group, interfacing to some early System/R (original RDBMS/SQL implementation) installation. Some of us would periodically stop by Tandem to visit Jim at Tandem. Tandem Memos began as trip report that I distributed after one such visit.
MIP envy - n. The term, coined by Jim Gray in 1980, that began the Tandem Memos (q.v.). MIP envy is the coveting of other's facilities - not just the CPU power available to them, but also the languages, editors, debuggers, mail systems and networks. MIP envy is a term every programmer will understand, being another expression of the proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.

Early 80s I was at San Jose Research when Jim Gray left for Tandem, not before leaving "MIP Envy" behind
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801006
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007.html#email801016
copy
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007d.html#email800920
and 24sep1980 version here
http://web.archive.org/web/20081115000000/http://research.microsoft.com/~gray//papers/CritiqueOfIBM%27sCSResearch.doc

other reference to Jim:
http://www.tpc.org/information/who/gray.asp

we were co-keynotes at NASA dependable computing conference:
http://web.archive.org/web/20011004023230/http://www.hdcc.cs.cmu.edu/may01/index.html

he had con'ed me into interview for chief security architect in redmond (went on for a few weeks, but we couldn't come to agreement), before he disappeared ... tribute, gone 404 but lives on at wayback machine
http://web.archive.org/web/20080616153833/http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/IPRO/JimGrayTribute/pressrelease.html
Gray is known for his groundbreaking work as a programmer, database expert and Microsoft engineer. Gray's work helped make possible such technologies as the cash machine, ecommerce, online ticketing, and deep databases like Google. In 1998, he received the ACM A.M. Turing Award, the most prestigious honor in computer science. He was appointed an IEEE Fellow in 1982, and also received IEEE Charles Babbage Award.

... snip ...

internal network posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#internalnet
and
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/subnetwork.html#cmc

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The Lessons of Henry Kissinger

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
Date: 21 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
The Lessons of Henry Kissinger
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/12/the-lessons-of-henry-kissinger/505868/

Fareed zakaria interview with Kissinger on Sunday had running ticker at the bottom somewhat paraphrasing Kissnger (because he was somewhat hard to hear?). Fareed was asking Kissinger about Putin, referring to Kissinger having 30 or so meetings with Putin. At one point Fareed said something about clarifying what Kissinger had said (which was reflected in the ticker at the bottom) and Kissinger said not at all ... and explained what he met (which was not reflected in the ticker). Kissinger somewhat indirectly referred to this theme about "Harvard being responsible for the rise of Putin" (i.e. Russia needed strongman to oppose the westerners that seemed intent on looting the country).

John Helmer: Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2015/02/convicted-fraudster-jonathan-hay-harvards-man-who-wrecked-russia-resurfaces-in-ukraine.html
If you are unfamiliar with this fiasco, which was also the true proximate cause of Larry Summers' ouster from Harvard, you must read an extraordinary expose, How Harvard Lost Russia, from Institutional Investor. I am told copies of this article were stuffed in every Harvard faculty member's inbox the day Summers got a vote of no confidence and resigned shortly thereafter.

... snip ...

How Harvard lost Russia; The best and brightest of America's premier university came to Moscow in the 1990s to teach Russians how to be capitalists. This is the inside story of how their efforts led to scandal and disgrace.
http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/1020662/How-Harvard-lost-Russia.html
Mostly, they hurt Russia and its hopes of establishing a lasting framework for a stable Western-style capitalism, as Summers himself acknowledged when he testified under oath in the U.S. lawsuit in Cambridge in 2002. "The project was of enormous value," said Summers, who by then had been installed as the president of Harvard. "Its cessation was damaging to Russian economic reform and to the U.S.-Russian relationship."

... snip ...

some posts mentioning Kissinger:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011n.html#32 What separates Sun Tzu & John Boyd as Martial thinkers
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012i.html#65 Thousands Of IBM Employees Got A Nasty Surprise Yesterday: Here's The Email They Saw
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013d.html#93 What Makes an Architecture Bizarre?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2013k.html#61 John Boyd's Art of War

Posts referencing the "loss of russia":
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015.html#98 Convicted Fraudster Jonathan Hay, Harvard's Man Who Wrecked Russia, Resurfaces in Ukraine
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#1 do you blame Harvard for Puten
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#5 Swiss Leaks lifts the veil on a secretive banking system
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015b.html#8 Shoot Bank Of America Now---The Case For Super Glass-Steagall Is Overwhelming
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#30 Analysis: Root of Tattered US-Russia Ties Date Back Decades
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#44 No, the F-35 Can't Fight at Long Range, Either
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015f.html#45 1973--TI 8 digit electric calculator--$99.95
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#26 Putin's Great Crime: He Defends His Allies and Attacks His Enemies
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#70 Department of Defense Head Ashton Carter Enlists Silicon Valley to Transform the Military
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#91 Happy Dec-10 Day!!!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015h.html#122 For those who like to regress to their youth? :-)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#16 1970--protesters seize computer center
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#39 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016.html#73 Shout out to Grace Hopper (State of the Union)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#31 Putin holds phone call with Obama, urges better defense cooperation in fight against ISIS
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016b.html#39 Failure as a Way of Life; The logic of lost wars and military-industrial boondoggles
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#7 Why was no one prosecuted for contributing to the financial crisis? New documents reveal why
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016c.html#69 Qbasic
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#59 How Putin Weaponized Wikileaks to Influence the Election of an American President
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#22 US and UK have staged coups before
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016f.html#105 How to Win the Cyberwar Against Russia

--
virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

The annual Budget Games begin: Trump vs. Congress to control spending

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: The annual Budget Games begin: Trump vs. Congress to control spending
Date: 22 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
The annual Budget Games begin: Trump vs. Congress to control spending
https://fabiusmaximus.com/2016/11/22/congress-and-trump-budget-fights/

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue) lapse (on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that since then, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T, for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Since then taxes haven't been restored and spending only modest cuts so debt continues to increase. Some analysis claims it was confluence of interests, Greenspan & wallstreet wanting huge debt (so the ZIRP treasury scam works), special interests wanting huge tax cuts, and military-industrial complex and other gov contractors wanting huge spending increase (along with significant uptic in gov. outsourcing last decade).
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
(triple-A rated) toxic assets
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#toxic.cdo
Fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex
tax evasion
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#tax.evasion

The end of 2008, just the four largest TBTF were carrying $5.2T in offbook toxic assets. TARP had supposedly been passed to buy these toxic assets, but with only $700B appropriated it would hardly dent the problem. TARP was then used for other purposes and the Federal Reserve was left to do the real bailout. FEDRES fought hard, long legal battle to prevent public release of what it was doing (buying offbook toxic assets at 98cents on the dollar and providing tens of trillions in ZIRP funds). When they lost the legal battle the chairman held press conference to say that he thought the TBTF would use the ZIRP funds to help mainstreet, but when they didn't that didn't stop the ZIRP funds (used to buy treasuries and making $300+B/annum on the spread). Supposedly the chairman in part selected for depression scholar ... where the FEDRES had tried something similar with the same results (so the chairman shouldn't have any expectation of different result this time). As an aside, FEDRES could use ZIRP to buy treasuries directly and the federal dept wouldn't cost anything ... but then the TBTF would be out their $300+B/annum.

too big to fail ("too big to prosecute", "too big to jail"). posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#too-big-to-fail
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#Pecora&/orGlass-Steagall

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

What would Klinger look like in business attire?

Refed: **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: What would Klinger look like in business attire?
Date: 22 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
What would Klinger look like in business attire?
http://metv.com/stories/these-long-forgotten-commercials-show-us-what-m-a-s-h-would-have-been-like-as-an-workplace-sitcom

The head of POK had been moved to Boca to run the PC division. They contracted with Dataquest (since bought by Gartner) for study on what personal computing would look like in the late 90s ... including a several hour video tape roundtable of silicon valley experts. The Dataquest person asked me if I would be one of the experts. I cleared it with my management and Dataquest said they would garble my introduction and bio.

Note at the time, Boca was projecting PC prices that were triple or more what was in SJMN sunday adverts. I was posting the sunday adverts in internal forums to try and show how far out of touch Boca was.

misc. past posts mentioning SJMN:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001e.html#75 Apology to Cloakware (open letter)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2001n.html#80 a.f.c history checkup... (was What specifications will the standard year 2001 PC have?)
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#1 The BASIC Variations
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2004b.html#2 The SOB that helped IT jobs move to India is dead!
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007e.html#48 time spent/day on a computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009j.html#19 Another one bites the dust
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010c.html#10 Happy DEC-10 Day
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2012g.html#42 "25 Years of IBM's OS/2"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014f.html#26 upcoming TV show, "Halt & Catch Fire"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#35 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014h.html#78 How Comp-Sci went from passing fad to must have major
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014i.html#48 IBM Programmer Aptitude Test
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014j.html#62 No Internet. No Microsoft Windows. No iPods. This Is What Tech Was Like In 1984
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2014l.html#46 Could this be the wrongest prediction of all time?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

Social Security Trust Fund

Refed: **, - **, - **, - **
From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Social Security Trust Fund
Date: 22 Nov 2016
Blog: Facebook
Social Security Trust Fund
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Security_Trust_Fund

Note: in some press about total federal debt ... it doesn't include what was "borrowed" (looted) from SS Trust Fund ... possibly trying to position things for elimination of SS (so it doesn't have to be repaid)

When congressmen that vociferously ranted and raved about the total federal debt ... start using a number that no longer includes what is owed the Social Security Trust Fund ... you wonder what they are planning next.

2002, congress lets the fiscal responsibility act (spending can't exceed tax revenue) lapse (on its way to eliminating all federal debt). 2010 CBO report was that since then, tax revenue cut $6T and spending increased $6T, for $12T gap compared to fiscal responsibility budget. Since then taxes haven't been restored and spending only modest cuts so debt continues to increase. Some analysis claims it was confluence of interests, Greenspan & wallstreet wanting huge debt (so the ZIRP treasury scam works), special interests wanting huge tax cuts, and military-industrial complex and other gov contractors wanting huge spending increase (along with significant uptic in gov. outsourcing last decade).
posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#zirp

Fiscal Responsibility Act posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fiscal.responsibility.act
Fed chairman
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#fed.chairman
military-industrial(-congressional) complex posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/submisc.html#military.industrial.complex

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970

"I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)

From: Anne & Lynn Wheeler <lynn@garlic.com>
Subject: Re: "I used a real computer at home...and so will you" (Popular Science May 1967)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.computers
Date: Tue, 22 Nov 2016 16:54:44 -0800
JimP. <solosam90@gmail.com> writes:
I played ADVEN on my Amiga A1000. That program didn't strain any part of my Amiga. It was text, and that computer had 512 megs of ram. The program was translated, according to the small text file that came with it, from a FORTRAN version. I don't remember the make/model of the computer it said it was converted from, but I remember thinking 'main frame' when I saw it.

I first saw adventure at tymshare in the 70s ... they had gotten the (fortran) source from the stanford sail pdp10 for their pdp10 and then ported it to their vm370/cms system.

i got the source and started making it available on internal ibm systems.

reference:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossal_Cave_Adventure
Colossal Cave Adventure (also known as ADVENT, Colossal Cave, or Adventure)[1] is a text adventure game, developed originally in 1976, by Will Crowther for the PDP-10 mainframe. The game was expanded upon in 1977, with help from Don Woods, and other programmers created variations on the game and ports to other systems in the following years.

... snip ...

TYMSHARE told some story that when their CEO heard that customers were playing games ... he directed that all games be removed from their commercial/business service systems ... he then changed his mind when he was told that game playing had grown to something like 1/3rd of their revenue.

posts posts with some old adventure related email:
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2006y.html#18 The History of Computer Role-Playing Games
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007m.html#6 Zork and Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2007o.html#15 "Atuan" - Colossal Cave in APL?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#3 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2008s.html#12 New machine code
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2009i.html#16 looking for IBM's infamous "Lab computer"
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2010d.html#75 Adventure - Or Colossal Cave Adventure
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#31 Colossal Cave Adventure in PL/I
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2011b.html#33 A brief history of CMS/XA, part 1

some more recent posts
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#43 [Poll] Computing favorities
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2015g.html#83 Term "Open Systems" (as Sometimes Currently Used) is Dead -- Who's with Me?
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016d.html#77 PDP-8 advertising
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016e.html#103 August 12, 1981, IBM Introduces Personal Computer
http://www.garlic.com/~lynn/2016g.html#66 Is the IBM Official Alumni Group becoming a ghost town? Why?

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virtualization experience starting Jan1968, online at home since Mar1970







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